Pani ʻia ka mea kanu hoʻohaumia Pesticide; E ʻike i nā palapala hoʻoponopono Nebraska e pili ana i nā pilikia neonicotinoid AltEn

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UPDATE - I Pepeluali, ma kahi o hoʻokahi mahina ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana i hōʻike i ka makaʻu o ka hana a ka mea kanu ʻo AltEn i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hua i mālama ʻia e ka pesticide, nā mokuʻāina ʻo Nebraska ua kauoha ʻia ua pani ʻia ka mea kanu.  

ike kēia moʻolelo ʻo Ianuali 10 i The Guardian, ʻo ia ka mea mua e hōʻike i nā pae weliweli o nā pesticides e hoʻohaumia nei i kahi kaiāulu liʻiliʻi ma Nebraska a me ka hana ʻole a nā mea hoʻokele.

ʻO nā hopohopo i kau ʻia ma AltEn, kahi mea kanu ethanol ma Mead, Nebraska ke kumu o ka nui o nā hoʻopiʻi kaiāulu ma luna o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hua i uhi ʻia i ka pesticide no ka hoʻohana ʻana i kāna hana biofuel a me nā huahana neoneo i hopena ʻia, i hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā pae o neonicotinoids weliweli a me nā pesticides maikaʻi aʻe ma luna o nā pae i manaʻo ʻia he palekana.

ʻO nā hopohopo ma Mead kahi hiʻohiʻona hou loa o ka ulu ʻana o ka makaʻu honua e pili ana i nā hopena o neonicotinoids.

E ʻike ma aneʻi i kekahi o nā palapala hoʻonohonoho e pili ana i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa pū kekahi nā mea kāʻei kua:

Nānā i nā hua distillers mākū

Nānā wai hoʻowahāwahā wai 

ʻApelila 2018 hoʻopiʻi kanaka

ʻO ka pane a ka mokuʻāina i nā hoʻopiʻi ma ʻApelila 2018

Mei 2018 pane ka mokuʻāina i nā hoʻopiʻi

AltEn Kāohi hoʻohana a kūʻai aku i ka leka Iune 2019

ʻO ka leka mokuʻāina e hōʻole ana i nā ʻae a me ke kūkā kamaʻilio ʻana i nā pilikia

Mei 2018 papa inoa o nā mahiʻai kahi lākou e hoʻolaha ai i ka ʻōpala

Iulai 2018 kūkākūkā o ka wetcake e mālama ʻia ana ka hua

ʻO Sept 2020 leka uila me nā kiʻi

ʻOkakopa 2020 leka o ka hoʻokō ʻole

Nā kiʻi lewa o ka pūnaewele i lawe ʻia e ka mokuʻāina

Pehea e hiki ai iā Neonicotinoids ke pepehi i nā pi

Hana ʻia i nā koena pesticide neonicotinoid i ka meaʻai a me ka wai i United States, 1999-2015

Palapala mai nā loea olakino i ka hoʻolaha ʻana o EPA ma neonicotinoids

Palapala mai Endocrine Society i EPA ma neonicotinoids 

Hiki i nā pesticides Neonicotinoid ke noho i ka mākeke US, e ʻōlelo ʻo EPA

Noi i Kaleponi e hoʻoponopono i nā ʻano neonic-treated

ʻO nā pi e nalo nei: ʻEpekema, politika a me ka olakino Honeybee (Ke Kulanui o Rutgers University, 2017)

ʻO International Institute of Science Institute (ILSI) kahi ʻoihana Lobby ʻoihana ʻona

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ʻO ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI) kahi hui nonprofit i hoʻolako kālā ʻia i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Wakinekona DC, me 17 mokuna pili a puni ka honua. ILSI hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he hui e alakaʻi i ka "ʻepekema no ka pono lehulehu" a "hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino a me ke olakino kanaka a palekana i ke kaiapuni." Eia nō naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā noiʻi ʻana e nā poʻe kālaiʻike, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi hoihoi i ka lehulehu he hui lobby ia e pale ana i nā pono o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ʻaʻole ke olakino lehulehu.

Nūhou hou:

  • Ua uhaʻi ʻo Coca-Cola i kona mau pilina lōʻihi me ILSI. ʻO kēia neʻe "kahi hahau i ka ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika i ʻike ʻia no kāna noiʻi pro-kō a me nā kulekele," Hōʻikeʻiaʻo Bloomberg i Ianuali 2021.  
  • Ua kōkua ʻo ILSI i ka hui ʻo Coca-Cola i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i ka kulekele momona ma Kina, e like me kahi noiʻi o Kepakemapa 2020 i ka Ka Nūpepa o nā politika politika, nā kulekele a me nā kānāwai na Harvard Polofesa ʻo Susan Greenhalgh. "Ma lalo o ka haʻiʻōlelo a ka lehulehu o ka ʻepekema kaulike ʻole o ILSI a ʻaʻohe mea e pili ana i ke kulekele e waiho i kahi maze o nā ʻoihana huna huna ʻia i hoʻohana ʻia e holomua i ko lākou mau pono. Ke hana nei ma waena o kēlā mau kahawai, ua hoʻohuli ʻo Coca Cola i ka ʻepekema a me ka hana ʻana a Kina i kēlā me kēia pae i ke kaʻina kulekele, mai ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pilikia a hiki i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā kulekele kūhelu, "pau ka pepa.

  • Loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hoʻohui i nā hōʻike hou aʻe ʻo ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa i ka Nutr Health Health ma muli o nā palapala i hōʻike ʻia "kahi ʻano o ka hana a ILSI i ʻimi ai e hoʻohana i ka hilinaʻi o nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻoikaika i nā kūlana ʻoihana a hoʻonui i nā ʻike i hoʻolālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana i loko o kāna mau hālāwai, puke pai, a me nā hana ʻē aʻe." E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, Ua ʻimi ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu e hoʻohuli i nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaihana, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila  (5.22.20)

  • ʻO ka hōʻike hōʻike moʻokalaleo ʻo ʻApelila 2020 ninaninau pehea i hoʻohana ai nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu i ka ILSI e komo i loko o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US, a holomua i ke kulekele ʻai pono a puni ka honua. E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, ʻOi aku ka mana o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu momona ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻai US, wahi a ka hōʻike (4.24.20) 

  • Ke noiʻi nei ʻo New York Times na Andrew Jacobs e hōʻike nei i kahi kahu o ka ʻoihana hoʻopukapuka ʻole ILSI aʻoaʻo i ke aupuni India e kūʻē i ka hele mua ʻana me nā lepili hōʻailona no nā meaʻai pono ʻole. Ka Manawa ho'ākāka 'ia ILSI ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana malu" a "ʻo ka hui ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika loa āu i lohe ʻole ai." (9.16.19) ʻO ka Times i kuhikuhi ʻia a Iune hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma Globalization a me Health i kākau ʻia e Gary Ruskin o US Right to Know e hōʻike nei e hana ana ʻo ILSI ma ke ʻano he lobby arm no kāna mea kālā a me nā mea kōkua kālā pesticide.

  • ka Hōʻike ʻo New York Times ʻo ka pili ILSI i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o Bradley C. Johnston, kahi mea kākau o ʻelima mau noi hou e koi ana i ka ʻulaʻula a me kaʻiʻo i hana ʻia ʻaʻole pilikia pilikia olakino. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Johnston i nā ʻano hana like i loko o kahi noi i kālā kālā ʻia e ILSI e koi ai i ka kō ʻaʻole pilikia. (10.4.19)

  • ʻO kā blog blog politika a Marion Nestle, ILSI: hōʻike ʻia nā kala maoli (10.3.19)

Pili ʻo ILSI iā Coca-Cola 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ILSI ma 1978 e Alex Malaspina, he pelekikena hope poʻokela ma Coca-Cola i hana no Coke mai 1969-2001. Ua mālama paʻa ʻo Coca-Cola i ka pilina me ILSI. ʻO Michael Ernest Knowles, ka VP a Coca-Cola o ka ʻepekema a me nā hana hoʻoponopono honua mai 2008-2013, i pelekikena o ILSI mai 2009-2011. I 2015, Peresidena o ILSI ʻO Rhona Applebaum, ʻo wai ua hoʻomaha loa mai kāna hana ma ke ʻano he luna olakino a ʻepekema hoʻi ʻo Coca-Cola (a mai ILSI) i ka 2015 ma hope o ka New York Times a hui pu Press ua hōʻike ʻo Coke i kālā kālā no ka nonprofit Global Energy Balance Network e kōkua i ka hoʻohuli i ka hōʻino no ka momona mai nā mea inu momona.  

Kālā kālā 

Hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻo ILSI e kāna nā lālā ʻoihana a me nā kākoʻo o ka ʻoihana, me ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kemika. Hoʻomaopopo ʻo ILSI i ka loaʻa kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana akā ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike ākea i ka poʻe nāna e hāʻawi a i ka nui o kā lākou hāʻawi. Hōʻike kā mākou noiʻi:

  • Nā hāʻawi ʻoihana i ka ILSI Global i $ 2.4 miliona i ka makahiki 2012. Ua komo pū kēia me $ 528,500 mai CropLife International, kahi $ 500,000 hāʻawi mai Monsanto a $ 163,500 mai Coca-Cola.
  • A draft 2013 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ILSI hōʻike iā ILSI i loaʻa iā $ 337,000 mai Coca-Cola a ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 i kēlā me kēia mea mai Monsanto, Syngenta, Dow Agrisciences, Pioneer Hi-Bred, Bayer CropScience a me BASF.
  • A draft 2016 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ʻo ILSI ʻAmelika Hema hōʻike i kahi hāʻawi $ 317,827 mai PepsiCo, nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 200,000 mai Mars, Coca-Cola, a me Mondelez, a me nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 mai General Mills, Nestle, Kellogg, Hershey, Kraft, Dr. Pepper, Snapple Group, Starbucks Coffee, Cargill, Uniliver lāua ʻo Campbell Soup.  

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻimi ʻana o ILSI e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele e hoʻolaha i nā ʻike ʻoihana 

A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina i ka Nutr Health Health hoʻohui i hōʻike i ka ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. ʻO ke aʻo ʻana, e pili ana i nā palapala i loaʻa i ka US Right to Know ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu o ka mokuʻāina, e hōʻike ana i ka paipai ʻana o ka ILSI i nā makemake o nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ko ILSI kuleana i ka pale ʻana i nā mea hana kontroversial a me ke kāohi ʻana i nā manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻoihana. hiki i nā ʻoihana e like me Coca-Cola ke hāʻawi i nā kōkua i ka ILSI no nā papahana kikoʻī. a, pehea e hoʻohana aiʻo ILSI i nā kālaihana no kā lākou mana akā eʻae i ka mana hūnāʻia o kaʻoihana i kā lākou puke pai.

Hōʻike ka noiʻi i nā kikoʻī hou e pili ana i kahi kālā e hoʻolako kālā ai iā ILSI a me kāna mau lālā, me nā haneli he mau kaukani kālā i nā hāʻawi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia mai ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā mea ʻai, soda a me nā hui kemika

A Iune 2019 pepa ma Globalization a me ke olakino hāʻawi i kekahi mau laʻana o ka holomua o ka ILSI i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, keu hoʻi e ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻepekema ʻoluʻolu ʻoihana a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā mea hana politika. Hoʻokumu ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know ma o nā kānāwai moolelo lehulehu lehulehu.  

Ua hoʻopau nā mea noiʻi: "ʻImi ʻo ILSI i ka hoʻohuli ʻana i nā kanaka, nā kūlana, a me nā kulekele, ma ka pae ʻāina a me ka honua, a me kāna mau lālā ʻoihana e hoʻolilo iā ia i mea hana e paipai i ko lākou mau pono āpau. Mālama ko mākou kālailai ʻana o ka ILSI i ka poʻe e pili ana i ka noho olakino olakino e makaʻala i nā hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, a e hoʻomaʻamaʻa pono ma mua o ka hilinaʻi ʻana i kā lākou noi kālā kālā ʻia a / a i ʻole ke komo ʻana i ka pilina me ia mau hui. "   

Ua hōʻino ʻo ILSI i ka hakakā momona ma Kina

I Ianuali 2019, ʻelua mau pepa e ʻO Harvard Professor Susan Greenhalgh ua hōʻike i ko ILSI mana nui i ke aupuni Kina e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka momona. Palapala nā pepa i ka hana ʻana a Coca-Cola a me nā hui ʻē aʻe ma o ka lālā Kina o ILSI e hoʻohuli ai i nā makahiki he 2 o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai e like me Type XNUMX diabetes a me hypertension. Heluhelu i nā pepa:

Ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ILSI ma Kina e hana ia mai loko mai o ka Center o ke aupuni no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi a me ka pale ʻana ma Beijing.

Ua kākau nā pepa a Professor Geenhalgh i ke ʻano o ke kōkua ʻana o Coca-Cola a me nā mea nui ʻē aʻe o ke komohana a me nā mea inu mea inu "i ke kōkua ʻana i nā makahiki he umi o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai" e ka hana ʻana ma o ILSI e mahi i nā luna nui Kina "i ka hoʻāʻo e kāpae i ka ke neʻe nei ka neʻe no ka hoʻoponopono meaʻai a me nā ʻauhau soda i hala i ke komohana, "i hōʻike ʻia e ka New York Times.  

Nā noiʻi noiʻi hou aʻe mai US Right to Know e pili ana iā ILSI 

Ua pau ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻOihana Paka 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI.  

Ke aʻo ʻana i ke kō ILSI “mai loko mai o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana paka”

Hoʻāhewa nā loea olakino lehulehu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI hoʻopaʻa haʻawina kō i paʻi ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai lapaʻau koʻikoʻi i ka makahiki 2016 kahi "hōʻeha hōʻeha i nā ʻōlelo aʻo olakino honua e ʻai i ke kō," ua hōʻike ʻo Anahad O'Connor ma The New York Times. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ka noiʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI e pili ana nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e hōʻoki i ke kō i nā hōʻike nāwaliwali a ʻaʻole hiki ke hilinaʻi ʻia.  

ʻO ka moʻolelo Times i haʻi ʻia ʻo Marion Nestle, he polofesa ma ke Kulanui o New York nāna i aʻo i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka noiʻi meaʻai, ma ke aʻo ʻana a ILSI: "He laʻana maʻamau kēia o ka pehea e kākoʻo ai ke kākoʻo kālā i nā ʻoihana. He mea hoʻohilahila. ” 

Ua hoʻohana nā ʻoihana paka i ka ILSI e kāpae i ke kulekele 

ʻO kahi hōʻike o Iulai 2000 e kahi kōmike kūʻokoʻa o ka World Health Organization i hōʻike ʻia i kekahi mau ala a kahi ʻoihana paka i hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hana kūpaʻa WHO, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pūʻulu ʻepekema e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻoholo ʻana a WHO a me ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e pili ana i nā hopena olakino. o ka paka. Ua hana nui ʻo ILSI i kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, e like me kahi hōʻike hihia ma ILSI i hele pū me ka hōʻike. "Hōʻike nā mea i ʻike ʻia ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo ILSI e kekahi mau ʻoihana paka e keakea i nā kulekele mālama paka. Ua pili pololei nā mea lawe keʻena kiʻekiʻe ma ILSI i kēia mau hana, ”e like me ka hōʻike hihia. E nānā: 

Aia i ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻoihana Paka ma mua o 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI

Ua kōkua nā alakaʻi o ILSI i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he mau noho o ka panela kī 

I ka Mei 2016, ua nānā ʻia ʻo ILSI ma hope o nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana i ka pelekikena hope o ILSI ʻEulopa, ʻo Professor Alan Boobis, he luna hoʻomalu nō hoʻi no ka papa UN no ka loaʻa ʻana o ka kemikala o Monsanto. Glyphosate ʻaʻole paha e kū i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai ma o ka papaʻai. ʻO ka luna noho o ka UN Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR), ʻo Professor Angelo Moretto, he lālā o ka hui ʻo ILSI's Health and Environment Services Institute. ʻAʻole kekahi o nā noho JMPR i hōʻike i ko lākou alakaʻi alakaʻi ILSI ma ke ʻano he hakakā o ka hoihoi, ʻoiai ka nā hāʻawi kālā koʻikoʻi i loaʻa i ka ILSI mai Monsanto a me ka hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide. E nānā: 

Nā pilina ʻoluʻolu a ILSI ma nā Kikowaena ʻAmelika no ka Mōʻī a me ka Kāohi ʻana i ka maʻi  

I ka mahinaʻo Iune 2016, Ua hōʻike ʻo US Right to Know ʻo Kauka Barbara Bowman, ka luna o kahi mahele CDC i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me ka pale ʻana i nā maʻi puʻuwai a me ka hahau, ua hoʻāʻo e kōkua i ka mea hoʻokumu a ILSI ʻo Alex Malaspina e hoʻohuli i nā luna o ka World Health Organization e kāpae i nā kulekele e hoʻemi i ka ʻai kō. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bowman i ka poʻe a me nā hui no Malaspina e kamaʻilio pū, a noi i kāna mau manaʻo e pili ana i kekahi hōʻuluʻulu o nā hōʻike a CDC, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila. (Bowman hele i lalo ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā mākou ʻatikala mua e hōʻike nei i kēia pili.)

Kēia Ianuali 2019 hoʻopaʻa i ka Milbank Quarterly wehewehe i nā leka uila nui o Malaspina e ʻoluʻolu ana iā Dr. Bowman. No ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, e nānā: 

Hoʻolaha ʻo ILSI ma ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US

hōʻike e ka hui ʻāpono ʻole Hui Pūʻali palapala e pili ana i ka mana o ka ILSI ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻaiʻai US ma o ke komo ʻana o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kūkā Alakaʻi ʻAmelika. Nānā ka hōʻike i ka hoʻopili politika nui o nā transnationals meaʻai a me nā mea inu e like me Coca-Cola, McDonald's, Nestlé, a me PepsiCo, a pehea i hoʻonui ai kēia mau ʻoihana i ka International Life Science Institute e hōʻino i ka holomua ma ke kulekele meaʻai ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

Ka mana ILSI ma India 

Ua hōʻike ka New York Times e pili ana i ka mana o ILSI ma India ma kāna ʻatikala i kapa ʻia, "ʻO kahi hui ʻoihana Shadowy e hoʻohālikelike i nā kulekele ʻai a puni ka honua. "

He pilina pili loa ko ILSI i kekahi mau luna aupuni ʻInia a, e like me Kina, ua hoʻokau ka mea kōkua ʻole i nā leka like a me nā noi kulekele e like me Coca-Cola - hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ke kuleana o ke kō a me ka papaʻai ma ke kumu o ka momona, a me ka paipai ʻana i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka hoʻoikaika kino ʻana ma ke ʻano he hopena. , e like me ka India Resource Center. 

ʻO nā lālā o ka papa kahu o ka hui ʻo ILSI India e pili pū ana me kā Coca-Cola India luna hoʻokele a me nā ʻelele mai Nestlé a me Ajinomoto, kahi hui hoʻohui meaʻai, me nā luna aupuni e lawelawe ana i nā ʻepekema ʻepekema e hana ʻia me ka hoʻoholo ʻana e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai.  

Nā hopohopo lōʻihi e pili ana iā ILSI 

Koi ʻo ILSI ʻaʻole ia he hui lobby ʻoihana, akā lōʻihi nā hopohopo a me nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i nā kūlana pro-ʻoihana o ka hui a me nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i waena o nā alakaʻi o ka hui. E ʻike, no ka laʻana:

Hoʻoponopono i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana meaʻai, Nā Lapaʻau Kūlohelohe (2019)

Hōʻole ka ʻoihana meaʻai i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi-of-interest. Akā ʻo ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i nā pilina ʻoihana e hōʻino paha i ka hanohano o ke kino o ʻEulopa, Kūlohelohe (2010)

Nā Meaʻai Nui vs. ʻO Tim Noakes: Ke Kaua Hope loa, Mālama i ke Kānāwai Kino, na Russ Greene (1.5.17) 

Mea ʻai maoli ma ka hoʻāʻo, na Kauka Tim Noakes lāua ʻo Marika Sboros (Columbus Publishing 2019). Ua wehewehe ka puke "i ka hoʻopiʻi mua ʻole ʻia a me ka hoʻomaʻau ʻia o Professor Tim Noakes, he ʻepekema hanohano a me ke kauka lapaʻau, i kahi hihia nui miliona i hoʻonui ʻia ma mua o ʻehā mau makahiki. ʻO nā mea a pau no kahi leka hoʻokahi e hāʻawi ana i kona manaʻo no ka meaʻai. "

Neonicotinoids: kahi ulu e ulu nei

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Ma Ianuali 10, ua paʻi ka The Guardian kēia moʻolelo e pili ana i kahi kaiāulu liʻiliʻi ʻo Nebraska kaiāulu e hakakā nei no ʻelua mau makahiki me ka haumia i nakinaki ʻia i nā hua kulina i uhi ʻia me neonicotinoid. ʻO ke kumuwaiwai kahi eranol mea kanu i kūʻai aku iā ia iho me he manuahi lā “Hana hou” kahi no nā ʻoihana hua e like me Bayer, Syngenta a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e pono ai kahi e hemo ai i nā lako i ʻoi aku o kēia mau lāʻau hua kanu pesticide. ʻO ka hopena, wahi a nā kamaʻāina, he ʻāina i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe o nā koena neonicotinoid, a lākou i ʻōlelo ai ua hoʻomaka nā maʻi i nā kānaka a me nā holoholona. Makaʻu lākou i ko lākou ʻāina a me ka wai i kēia manawa ua haumia ʻole.

Ua hoʻopaʻa nā luna hoʻomalu o ka mokuʻāina i nā pae o nā neonicotinoids ma a haʻohaʻo ia i nā ʻāpana 427,000 i kēlā me kēia piliona (ppb) i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i kekahi o nā puʻu nui o nā ʻōpala ma ka pūnaewele o ka waiwai o ka mea kanu ethanol. Hoʻohālikelike ia i nā pae hoʻohālikelike e kuhikuhi ana i nā pae ma lalo o 70 ppb e manaʻo ʻia he palekana.

ike keia palapala no nā kikoʻī a me nā palapala hou aku.

ʻO ka moʻolelo o ka nui o ke kaiāulu ma Mead, Nebraska, akā ʻo ia ka hōʻailona hou loa e pono e hoʻoikaika ʻia ka mālama aupuni ʻana a me ka pekelala o nā neonicotinoids, e like me nā mea kākoʻo i ke kaiapuni a me nā mea noiʻi mai nā kula nui o US.

ʻO ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o ka papa o nā insecticides i kapa ʻia he neonicotinoids, a neonicot, e ulu nei i nā makahiki i hala aku nei a ua lilo i hakakā ma waena o nā behemoth ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i nā neonics a me nā hui a me nā hui mea kūʻai aku e ʻōlelo nei he kuleana nā insecticides no ka nui o ka nohona a me ke olakino kanaka. hana ʻino.

Mai ka wā i hoʻolauna ʻia i nā makahiki 1990, ua lilo nā neonicotinoids i ka papa o nā mea nui i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua, kūʻai ʻia ma 120 mau ʻāina e kōkua i ka mālama ʻana i nā mea ʻinoʻino a pale i ka hana mahiʻai. ʻAʻole kāpīpī wale nā ​​insecticides i nā mea kanu akā uhi ʻia nō hoʻi i nā ʻanoʻano. Hoʻohana ʻia nā Neonicotinoids i ka hana ʻana i nā ʻano mea kanu like ʻole, e laʻa me ka laiki, ka pulupulu, ka palaoa, kaʻuala a me ka soybeans. E like me ka 2014, neonicotinoids i hōʻike ma mua o 25 pākēneka o ka pesticide honua mākeke, e like me ka mea noiʻi.

Ma loko o ka papa, ʻo clothianidin a me imidacloprid ka mea i hoʻohana pinepine ʻia ma United States, e like me kahi pepa 2019 i paʻi ʻia i ka puke pai. Ka Ola Ola.

I Ianuali 2020, ua hoʻokuʻu ka Agency Environmental Protection Agency i ua hoʻoholo ʻia i nā koho no ka acetamiprid, ka lole lole, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, a me thiamethoxam, insecticides kikoʻī i loko o ka papa neonicotinoid. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo EPA ke hana nei ia e hōʻemi i ka nui i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā mea kanu i pili i nā "pōpilikia kaiaola" hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia nā pesticides i nā mea ulu.

Ke hōʻike nei kahi kino o nā hōʻike ʻepekema e ulu nei he neonicotinoids kekahi mea i hoʻolaha ʻia maʻi kīpē koloni, ʻo ia nā mea pono pollinators i ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai. ʻIke ʻia lākou ma ka liʻiliʻi i ka ʻāhewa no ka "Apocalypse insect.". Hoʻopili pū ʻia nā insecticides i nā kīnā koʻikoʻi i nā dia huelo keʻokeʻo, ka hohonu o nā hopohopo no ka hiki o ka kemika e hōʻeha i nā māmela nunui, me nā kānaka.

Ua pāpā ka European Union i ka hoʻohana waho o neonics loleianidin, imidacloprid a me thiamethoxam i ka makahiki 2018, a me ka ʻLelo ʻo United Nations weliweli loa ka neonics e "kapu loa" lākou. Akā ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, hoʻohana mau ʻia nā neonics.

ʻO Bayer's Shady PR Firms: FleishmanHillard, Ketchum, Kūkākūkā FTI

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Hoʻouna mua ʻia Mei 2019; Hoʻohou Nowemapa 2020

Ma kēia kūlana, ke kiaʻi nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā hōʻino hoʻopunipuni lehulehu e pili ana i nā ʻoihana PR i hilinaʻi nui ʻia e nā mea nunui mahiʻai Bayer AG a me Monsanto no kā lākou pale kaua pale huahana: ʻo FTI consulting, Ketchum PR a me FleishmanHillard. ʻO kēia mau ʻoihana he mau mōʻaukala lōʻihi o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hāpai i nā papa politika o kā lākou mea kūʻai aku, e like me ka pesticide, ka paka a me nā ʻoihana pale pale ʻaila.

Nā hana hōʻino hou

Hōʻike ʻo NYT i nā ʻano hana malu a ka FTI Consulting firm no ka ʻoihana aila: i ka Nowemapa 11, 2020 New York Times ʻatikala, Hōʻike ʻo Hiroko Tabuchi i ke kōkua ʻana o FTI Consulting i ka hoʻolālā ʻana, nā limahana a me ka holo ʻana o nā ʻoihana a me nā pūnaewele i uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana ikehu i hiki ke hōʻike i ke kākoʻo o ka mauʻu mauʻu no nā hanana wahie fossil. Ma muli o kāna mau ninaninau ʻana me ka ʻumikūmālua mau limahana FTI ma mua a me nā haneli o nā palapala kūloko, hōʻike ʻo Tabuchi e pili ana i ka nānā ʻana o ka FTI i nā mea hana kaiapuni, holo i nā hoʻolaha politika astroturf, limahana i nā pūnaewele a me nā ʻike ʻelua a kākau i nā ʻatikala ʻoihana e pili ana i ka fracking, nā lawsuits a me nā mea wela -pili pihi me ke kuhikuhi mai Exxon Mobile.

Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto a me kāna mau ʻoihana PR i ka hana GOP e hoʻoweliweli i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi. ʻO Lee Fang i hōʻike ʻia no The Intercept i ka 2019 ma nā palapala e hōʻike ana i ka Monsanto antagonized reg regulator a hoʻohana i ka kaomi e hoʻohālikelike i ka noiʻi o ka honua nei i ka lāʻau make, glyphosate. Hōʻike ka moʻolelo i nā hana hoʻopunipuni PR hoʻopunipuni, e like me ke kākau ʻana o FTI Consulting i kahi leka e pili ana i ka ʻepekema glyphosate i kau inoa ʻia e kahi ʻelele nui o GOP.

Hōʻike nā palapala a Monsanto i nā ʻano hana e hōʻino ai i ka hoʻokolokolo hoihoi lehulehu. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala Monsanto kūloko ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ʻAukake 2019 i ka nui o nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana PR e hoʻokele i nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea hoʻohuli ʻē aʻe i hāpai i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā pesticides a me GMO, a hoʻāʻo e pale i kahi hoʻokolokolo i kā lākou hana e US Right to Know.

E ʻike pū hoʻi i nā pepa ʻo USRTK, i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā palapala i loaʻa mai kā mākou noiʻi ʻana, e hōʻike ana i nā ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu i kōkua i ka pale ʻoihana pesticide: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Pesticide.

I ka Mei 2019, ua hōʻike mākou i nā hōʻino e pili ana i nā ʻoihana PR a Bayer:

Nā hōʻino a 'Monsanto File'

Mea kākau moʻolelo ma Ua hōʻike ʻo Le Monde iā Mei 9 ua loaʻa iā lākou kahi “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Le Monde ua hoʻopiʻi me ka keʻena hoʻokolokolo o Palisa e ʻōlelo nei e pili ana ka palapala i ka hōʻiliʻili hewa ʻana a me ka hana ʻana i ka ʻikepili pilikino, e hoʻopiʻi ana i ka keʻena hoʻokolokolo i wehe i kahi ʻimi kalaima. "He mea nui loa kēia i ʻike ʻia no ka mea ke hōʻike ʻia aia he mau pahuhopu pahuhopu e hāmau i nā leo ikaika. ʻIke wau i kā lākou hoʻāʻo ʻana e hoʻokaʻawale iaʻu, ” ʻO ke Kuhina Kaiapuni mua o Farani ʻo Segolene Royal, ka mea ma ka papa inoa, haʻi iā Palani 24 TV.

"He mea nui kēia e ʻike ʻia no ka mea hōʻike ia aia kekahi mau kumumanaʻo kumumanaʻo e hoʻopau i nā leo ikaika."

ʻO Francois Veillerette, kahi mea mālama i ka nohona ma ka papa inoa hoʻi, i haʻi aku iā Palani 24 i loko o ia mea he kikoʻī pilikino pilikino, nā manaʻo a me ka pae o ka pili e pili ana iā Monsanto. "He haʻalulu nui kēia ma Palani," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "ʻAʻole mākou e manaʻo he mea maʻamau kēia." Ua ʻae ʻo Bayer ua huki ʻo FleishmanHillard "'papa inoa kiaʻi 'o nā pro-a anti-pesticides huahelu"I nā ʻāina ʻehiku ma waena o ʻEulopa, ua hōʻike ka AFP. Aia i loko o nā papa inoa nā ʻike e pili ana i ka poʻe nūpepa, nā luna politika a me nā hui hoihoi ʻē aʻe. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ka AFP ua waiho aku ʻo ia i kahi hoʻopiʻi me kahi keʻena hoʻokele Farani no ka mea aia kekahi o kāna mau mea nūpepa ma ka papa inoa i hōʻike ʻia ma Palani.

ʻO Bayer mihi a ʻōlelo ʻia ua kāpae i kāna pilina me nā ʻoihana e pili ana, me FleishmanHillard a me Publicis Consultants, e kali ana i kahi hoʻokolokolo. "ʻO ka mea nui a mākou e hoʻokumu i ka transparency," Wahi a Bayer. "ʻAʻole mākou e ʻae i ka lawena unethical i kā mākou hui." (Ua hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia nā ʻoihana i ka hana hewa ʻole e ka loio loio i hoʻolimalima ʻia e Bayer.)

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Ke kau nei ma ke ʻano he mea haʻi moʻolelo ma ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana iā Monsanto 

Ke hoʻohui nei i nā pilikia PR a Bayer, ua hōʻike ʻo AFP ma Mei 18 i kahi limahana o kekahi "hoʻokele pilikia" PR paʻa i kēlā hana pū me Bayer lāua ʻo Monsanto - FTI Consulting - ua hopu ʻia posing ma ke ʻano he freelance journalist i kahi hoʻokolokolo pekelala ma Kapalakiko i hoʻopau me ka $ 80 miliona hoʻoholo kūʻē iā Bayer no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate.

Ua ʻike ʻia ka limahana FTI Consulting ʻo Sylvie Barak e kamaʻilio kūkākūkā ana e pili ana i nā manaʻo moʻolelo i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hana no ka BBC a ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ua hana ʻo ia no kahi ʻoiaʻiʻo PR.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Holo ʻo Ketchum lāua ʻo FleishmanHillard i ka salto GMO PR

I ka makahiki 2013, ua kī ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa iā FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum, nā ʻona na Omnicom, e poʻo i kahi Hoʻāhewa ʻo PR e hoʻoponopono hou i ke kiʻi o kāna GMO a me nā huahana pesticide. Ua koho ʻia ʻo Monsanto FleishmanHillard e "hōʻano hou" i kona kaulana ma waena o ka "kūʻēʻē nui" i nā meaʻai i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically, e like me ka Holmes Report. Ma ka manawa like, ua lilo ʻo FleishmanHillard ka ʻO ka ʻoihana PR moʻohelu no Bayer, a me ka Council for Biotechnology Information (CBI) - kahi hui kālepa i ukuʻia e ʻO Bayer (Monsanto), Corteva (DowDuPont), Syngenta a me BASF - hoʻolimalima iā Ketchum firm pili aupuni e hoʻomaka i kahi ua hoʻolaha ʻia ka pāʻoihana marketing me nā GMO Nā Pane.

Hoʻokomo ʻia nā hana spin i hoʻohana ʻia e kēia ʻoihana.e aloha ana i nā mea kākau blog makuahine"A me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā leo o nā loea i manaʻo ʻia he" kūʻokoʻa "i"hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka huikau a me ka hilinaʻi ʻole”E pili ana i nā GMO. Eia naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā hōʻike e hoʻoponopono ana nā ʻoihana PR a kākau ʻia kekahi o nā loea "kūʻokoʻa". ʻO kahi laʻana, nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know e hōʻike i kēlā Palapala ʻia ʻo Ketchum nā pou no nā pane GMO i kau inoa ʻia e a Kumu Kulanui o Florida ka mea i koi kūʻokoʻa iā ia e hana ana ma hope o nā hanana me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR. He pelekikena hope poʻokela ma FleishmanHillard hoʻoponopono i ka haʻiʻōlelo o a ʻO Polofesa ʻo UC Davis a ua aʻo iā ia pehea e "lanakila ai i ka poʻe i loko o ka lumi" ma an Kūkākūkā IQ2 e hōʻoia i ka lehulehu e ʻae i nā GMO. ʻO Ketchum kekahi hāʻawi i ke polopeka i nā manaʻo no ka ninaninau lekiō e pili ana i kahi noiʻi ʻepekema.

He ʻelele koʻikoʻi nā ʻatikala no ka hana lobbying ʻoihana e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO, i hōʻike ʻia ka New York Times ma 2015. "He pāpale keʻokeʻo nui nā polopeka / mea noiʻi / ʻepekema i kēia hoʻopaʻapaʻa a me ke kākoʻo i kā lākou mokuʻāina, mai nā mea kālaiʻāina i nā mea hana," ʻo Bill Mashek, kahi pelekikena hope ma Ketchum, i kākau aku ai i ke Kulanui o Polopeka polofesa. “E hoʻomau!” Ua hoʻolilo aku ka hui kālepa ʻoihana CBI ma kahi o $ 11 miliona ma Ketchum's GMO Answers mai ka 2013, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau.

GMO Pane i ka 'hoʻokele pilikia' kūleʻa

Ma ke ʻano he hōʻailona o kona kūleʻa ma ke ʻano he mīkini milo PR, ʻo GMO Answers ka papa inoa ʻia no kahi makana hoʻolaha CLIO i ka 2014 i ka mahele o "Crisis Management & Issue Management." I loko o kēia wikiō no CLIO, ua kaena ʻo Ketchum e pili ana i ka aneane pālua o ka nānā ʻana o ka media i nā GMO a me "kaulike 80% o nā pilina" ma Twitter. ʻO ka hapa nui o kēlā mau pilina pūnaewele mai nā waihona i kū kūʻokoʻa a ʻaʻole hōʻike i kā lākou pili i ka hoʻolaha PR o ka ʻoihana.

ʻOiai ʻo ka wikiō Ketchum i koi ʻia ʻo GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency" me ka ʻike mai ka poʻe loea me ka "ʻaʻohe mea i kānana ʻia a censored ʻia, a ʻaʻohe leo i hāmau ʻia," kahi papa hana ʻo Monsanto PR e hōʻike ana i ka hui i helu ʻia ma nā pane GMO e kōkua i ka wili ʻana i kāna huahana i kahi kukui maikaʻi. ʻO ka palapala mai 2015 papa inoa Nā pane GMO ma waena o nā "hoa hana" hiki iā ia ke pale aku iā Roundup mai ka hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. i loko o kahi ʻāpana "kumuwaiwai" ma ka ʻaoʻao 4, ua papa inoa ʻia ka papahana i nā loulou i nā pane GMO me nā palapala a Monsanto i hiki ke kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate he carcinogenic."

Ua kau ʻia kēia wikiō Ketchum i ka pūnaewele CLIO a hemo ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

ʻO Omnicom's FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum: nā moʻolelo o ka hoʻopunipuni

No ke aha e hoʻokau ai kekahi ʻoihana iā FleishmanHillard a i ʻole Ketchum i mua o nā hana e hoʻoulu ai i ka hilinaʻi he paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo, no ka mea ʻo kā lākou mōʻaukala o nā hoʻopunipuni i kākau ʻia. O kahi laʻana:

A hiki i ka 2016, ʻo Ketchum ka ʻO PR paʻa no Rūsia a me Vladimir Putin. Wahi a nā palapala i loaʻa iā ProPublica, Ua hopu ʻia ʻo Ketchum e hoʻokau ana iā pro-Putin op-eds ma lalo o nā inoa o nā "ʻoihana kūʻokoʻa" me he mea lā i nā nūhou like ʻole. I ka 2015, ka ua hoʻolimalima ke aupuni Honduran iā Ketchum e hoʻāʻo e hoʻōla hou i kona kūlana maikaʻi ma hope o ka hoʻowahāwahā he miliona miliona.

Ua kī pū ʻia nā palapala iā Mother Jones e hōʻike ana ua hana ʻo Ketchum me kahi ʻoihana pilikino pilikino "i kiu iā Greenpeace a me nā hui kaiaulu ʻē aʻe mai ka hopena o 1990s ma o ka liʻiliʻi 2000, e ʻimi ana i nā palapala mai nā ipu ʻōpala, e hoʻāʻo ana e kanu i nā mea hana hūnā ma waena o nā hui, nā waihona kālā, hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā moʻolelo kelepona o nā mea hoʻouluulu, a komo i loko o nā hālāwai kūkā. ” Ua hopu ʻia ʻo FleishmanHillard me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana spionage kūpono ʻole e kūʻē i ke olakino lehulehu a me nā mea kākoʻo i ka paka no ka ʻoihana paka ʻo RJ Reynolds, e like me kahi noiʻi a Ruth Malone i ka Ka PepaʻAlaʻAmelika o ke Aupuni. Ua audiotaped hoʻi ka firm PR i nā hālāwai kūkā paka a me nā ʻaha kūkā.

ʻO FleishmanHillard ʻo ia ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu no The Tobacco Institute, ʻo ka ʻoihana paka ʻoihana lobbying nui, no ʻehiku mau makahiki. I loko o kahi ʻatikala 1996 Washington Post, Morton Mintz haʻi moʻolelo o pehea i hoʻololi ai ʻo FleishmanHillard a me ka Tobacco Institute i ka Healthy Buildings Institute i hui i mua no ka ʻoihana paka i kāna hana e hoʻohuli i ka hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i ka pilikia o ka uahi lua. Ketchum ua hana pū no ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua hana nā ʻoihana ʻelua i kekahi manawa i nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o kahi pilikia. ʻO FleishmanHillard i hala hoʻolimalima ʻia no nā pāʻālua puhipaka. I ka makahiki 2017, ua hemo ʻo Ketchum a firm-off firm i kapa ʻia ʻo Cultivate e loaʻa kālā ma ka mākeke ʻai mea ulu e ulu nei, ʻoiai ʻo Ketchum's GMO Answers i hōʻino i nā meaʻai meaola, e ʻōlelo ana ua uku ka poʻe kūʻai i kahi "uku nui" no nā meaʻai i ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o nā meaʻai i ulu mau ʻia e ka ʻaha.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Kūkākūkā FTI: hoʻopunipuni i ke aniau a me nā pili paka hou aʻe

ʻO FTI Consulting, ka "hoʻokele pilikia" ʻO PR firm e hana pū ana me Bayer a ʻo ka mea nāna ka hana hopu ʻia e hoʻohālike ana i kahi mea kākau moʻolelo ma ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup ma Kapalakiko, kaʻana like i kekahi mau like me FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana huna, nele i ka moakaka a me ka mōʻaukala o ka hana pū ʻana me ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua ʻike ʻia ke kūpaʻa ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻokani nui i kā ExxonMobil mau hana e pale ai i ke kuleana no ka loli. As Elana Schor lāua ʻo Andrew Restuccia i hōʻike ʻia ma Politico ma 2016:

"Ma waho o [Exxon] ponoʻī, ke kūʻē leo nui ʻana i nā ʻōmaʻomaʻo mai FTI Consulting, kahi paʻa i hoʻopiha ʻia me nā mea kōkua Repubalika ma mua i kōkua i ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka GOP i ka pale ʻana i nā wahie fossil. Ma lalo o ka hae o Energy ma Depth, kahi papahana e holo nei no ka Independent Petroleum Association of America, ua kīwī ʻo FTI i nā mea kūkala nūhou me nā leka uila e hōʻike ana i ka "collusion" ma waena o nā mea hana ʻōmaʻomaʻo a me nā AGs mokuʻāina, a ua hāpai ʻia nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hāʻawi kālā a InsideClimate's Rockefeller. "

Ua hopu ʻia nā limahana ʻo FTI Consulting e hoʻohālike ana i nā mea kākau moʻolelo ma mua. Ua hōʻike ʻo Karen Savage ma Ianuali 2019 i ka Nūhou Liability News, "ʻElua mau mea hoʻolālā pili i ka lehulehu e kū nei no Exxon i hala aku nei ma ke ʻano he nūpepa i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e ninaninau i kahi loio e kū ana i nā kaiāulu ʻo Colorado e hoʻopiʻi nei iā Exxon no nā pohō e pili ana i ka huliau. ʻO nā mea hoʻolālā — Michael Sandoval lāua ʻo Matt Dempsey — hana ʻia e FTI Consulting, kahi ʻoihana i pili lōʻihi me ka ʻoihana aila a me nā ʻaila. ” Wahi a ka Climate Liability News, ua helu ʻia nā kāne ʻelua ma ke ʻano he mea kākau no Western Wire, kahi pūnaewele i holo ʻia e nā makemake aila a me nā limahana me ka FTI Consulting, kahi e hāʻawi nei i nā limahana iā Energy In Depth, kahi wahie pro-fossil "noiʻi, aʻo a me hoʻolaha hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ākea. ”

Ua hōʻike ʻo Energy In Depth iā ia iho ma ke ʻano "mom and pop shop" e hōʻike ana i nā mea lawelawe ikehu liʻiliʻi akā ua hoʻokumu ʻia e nā ʻoihana aila a me nā ʻaila nui e lobby no deregulation, Ua hōʻike ʻia ka blog DeSmog ma 2011. Ua wehe ka hui Greenpeace i Memo ʻoihana 2009 e wehewehe nei ʻO ka Energy In Depth ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana hou ākea ākea ... e hakakā i nā lula hou o ke kaiapuni, keu hoʻi e pili ana i ka haki nehe" ʻaʻole hiki ke hana ʻia me ka ʻole o nā hoʻokō kālā mua "o nā pono nui o ka aila a me ke kinoea me BP, Halliburton, Chevron, Shell, XTO Energy (ʻona iā ExxonMobil).

ʻO kekahi hiʻohiʻona e laulā me kēia mau ʻoihana āpau ʻo kā lākou ʻoihana pili paka. ʻO FTI Consulting he "moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka hana ʻana me ka ʻoihana paka," e like me ʻO ka Taka ʻAka paka. Ka hulina o ka waihona puke ʻoihana ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF lawe mai i 2,400 palapala e pili ana iā FTI Consulting.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

ʻO ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hōʻino PR a Bayer

ʻO Coverage ma Palani:

Ka uhi ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania:

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha PR no ka ʻoihana Agrichemical

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ʻOiai ʻo ia ka inoa kani a me ka pilina me kahi ʻoihana Ivy League, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema (CAS) kahi hoʻolaha kaiāulu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe a puni ka honua e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā mea kanu i hana ʻia me nā mahiʻai i ko lākou mau home home. Ua kāhea nā loea he nui, nā loea kulekele ʻai, nā hui ʻai a me nā mahiʻai i nā hana kūpono ʻole a me nā hana hoʻopunipuni a nā CAS hoa e hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana.

I Kepakemapa, CAS hai mai la $ 10 miliona i ke kālā hou mai ka Gates Foundation, e lawe ana i ka huina o Gates kālā i $ 22 miliona mai ka 2014. Loaʻa ke kālā hou e like me Gates Foundation ke kū nei i ka pushback mai nā hui mahiʻai ʻApelika, nā meaʻai a me nā hilinaʻi no ka hoʻolilo kālā ʻana i mau piliona kālā ma nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala ma ʻApelika hōʻike ʻole nā ​​hōʻike i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka pōloli a hāpai ʻana paha i nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, ʻoiai lākou e hoʻokau nei i nā ʻano mahiʻai e pono ai nā ʻoihana ma mua o ka poʻe. 

Kākau kēia pepa palapala i nā laʻana he nui o ka misinformation mai CAS a me nā poʻe i pili me kēia hui. ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona i hōʻike ʻia ma aneʻi e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o CAS i ka inoa o Cornell, ka inoa a me ka mana e holomua i ka PR a me ka papahana politika o nā hui kemika a me nā hua hua nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO ka mikiona a me ka leka uila i hoʻopili ʻia me nā ʻoihana

Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo CAS i ka makahiki 2014 me ka hāʻawi kālā Gates Foundation he $ 5.6 miliona a hoʻohiki ʻia i "depolarize ”ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a puni GMOs. ʻO ka hui wahi a na misionari ʻo ia e "paipai i ke komo ʻana" i nā mea kanu a me nā meaʻai a GMO e ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā "ʻepekema" a puni ka honua e aʻo i ko lākou kaiāulu e pili ana i nā pono o ka biotechnology mahiʻai.

Paipai ka hui ʻoihana Pesticide iā CAS 

ʻO kahi ʻāpana nui o ka hoʻolālā CAS e hoʻopaʻa inoa a hoʻomaʻamaʻa Nā hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua i nā kamaʻilio a me nā hana hoʻolaha, e kia ana i nā wahi kahi e kūʻē ai ka lehulehu i ka ʻoihana biotech, ʻo ia hoʻi nā ʻāina ʻApelika i pale aku i nā mea kanu GMO.

He ʻano like ka mikiona CAS me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology (CBI), kahi ʻoihana pesticide-fund i kālā kālā i ka pilina pilina i loaʻa hana pū ʻia me CAS. Hana ka hui ʻoihana i kūkulu i nā kuʻikahi ma ʻō aku o ke kaulahao meaʻai a hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kolu-ʻaoʻao, ʻo ia hoʻi nā kālaiʻike a me nā mahiʻai, e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae iā GMOs.

Hoʻohālikelike ka leka uila CAS me PR pesticide ʻoihana PR: kahi myopic e nānā nei i ka hiki ke loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered ʻoiai e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ana, nānā ʻole a hōʻole paha i nā pilikia a me nā pilikia. E like me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana o ka ʻoihana PR, nānā nui ʻo CAS i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i nā mea hōʻino no nā huahana mahiʻai, e like me nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hāpai i nā olakino a i ʻole nā ​​pili kaiapuni.

Hoʻohalahala ākea

Ua huki ʻo CAS a me kāna mau mea kākau i nā loiloi mai nā kālaihana, nā mahiʻai, nā haumāna, nā hui kaiāulu a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka mana o ka meaʻai e ʻōlelo nei e hoʻolaha ana ka hui i nā leka kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni ʻole a hoʻohana i nā hana unethical. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana:

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni leka ʻana

Ua kākau nā loea i ka ʻenekinia, ka biology, agroecology a me nā kulekele meaʻai i nā hiʻohiʻona he nui o nā koi pololei ʻole a Mark Lynas i ʻōlelo ai, he hoa kipa ma Cornell nāna i kākau he mau ʻatikala e pale ana i nā huahana mahiʻai ma ka inoa o CAS; ʻike e like me kāna hāpai ʻia nā ʻatikala he nui e ka Genetic Literacy Project, he hui PR kēlā hana pū me Monsanto. Kūkā ʻo Lynas 'puke 2018 no nā ʻāina ʻApelika e ʻae i nā GMO, a hāʻawi i kahi mokuna e pale aku iā Monsanto.

Nā koi kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema he nui iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana nā ʻōlelo hoʻopunipuni, “ʻAʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a lapuwale”Nā paio, paipai dogma ma luna o ka ʻikepili a me ka noiʻi ma nā GMO, ke kuhi nei i nā mea kamaʻilio, a ke hana nei i nā kuleana kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā pesticides "hōʻike i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. "

"ʻO ka papa inoa holoi o nā mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e kekahi o nā agroecologists a me nā biologists alakaʻi o ka honua." Ua kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, luna hoʻomalu o Food First, i ʻApelila 2013 (Ua hui ʻo Lynas iā Cornell ma ke ʻano he hoa kipa ma hope o kēlā makahiki).  

"Disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole"

Ua hoʻohewa nui nā hui ʻo ʻApelika iā Lynas i ka lōʻihi. ʻO ka Alliance for Soichness Food ma ʻApelika, kahi hui pū o 40 a me nā hui mahiʻai ma waena o ʻApelika i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma he "lele-i pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, hiki ʻole ke kuhihewa ʻia ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu." ʻO Million Belay, ka luna o AFSA, i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma ke ʻano he "racist e hoʻokau nei i kahi moʻolelo e hiki ai i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ke hoʻopakele iā ʻApelika."

I kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi 2018, ka South Africa-based Africa Center for Biodiversity i ho'ākāka ʻia nā hana kūʻē ʻole a Lynas i hoʻohana ai e hoʻolaulaha i ka papa hana lobby biotech ma Tanzania. "Aia kekahi pilikia e pili ana i ka kuleana a me [pono no] ka nohoaliʻi ʻana i ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, no ka hewa o ka ʻike hewa a me ke ʻano o kā lākou disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole," ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center Africa no Biodiversity, i ʻōlelo i ka a Iulaiinar webinar webinar.

No nā loiloi piha o kā Lynas hana, e ʻike i nā ʻatikala ma ka hopena o kēia wahi a me kā mākou ʻO Mark Lynas pepa maoli.

Ke hoʻouka nei i ka agroecology

ʻO kahi laʻana o ka leka uila kūpono ʻole kahi ʻatikala panned ākea ma ka CAS paena e Lynas e koi ana, "agro-ecology e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." ?? Ua wehewehe ka poʻe ʻatikala i ka ʻatikala ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema, ""hohonu unserious, ""kumumanaʻo kūlohelohe "a" kahi hilahila no ka mea makemake e koi ʻepekema, ”a“kālailai hewa maoli“?? hana “kahili laulaha“?? a “nā hopena hihiu.”Kekahi poʻe loiloi Kāheaʻia a hoʻihoʻi ʻana.

2019 kikokikona na CAS hoa Nassib Mugwanya i hāʻawi i kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o nā ʻike kuhihewa e pili ana i ke kumuhana agroecology. ʻO ka ʻatikala, "No ke aha e hiki ʻole ai i nā hana mahiʻai kuʻuna ke hoʻololi i ka mahiʻai ʻApelika," e hōʻike ana i ke ʻano leka maʻamau i nā mea CAS. 'kumu ʻole a hoʻopōʻino hoʻi, ” mamuli o ke kaanaki e ka Alakaʻi kaiāulu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Seattle no Global Justice.

"Kaulike nui ʻia i ka ʻatikala nā hoʻohana ikaika o nā metaphors (e laʻa me ka agroecology i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kūpeʻe lima), nā laulaha ʻana, ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻike a me ka nui o nā pololei ʻole maoli," wahi a ka hui.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka puke pāʻani Monsanto e pale aku i nā pesticides

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni CAS leka uila ʻoihana hiki ke loaʻa i ka pale o ka hui o Roundly glyphosate. ʻO nā lāʻau herbicides kahi kī nui o nā hua GMO me 90% o ka kulina a me ka soy i ulu i ka United States ʻenekini genetically e hoʻomanawanui iā Roundup. I ka makahiki 2015, ma hope o ka panel noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization i ʻōlelo ai ʻo glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kōkua e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup, e like me nā palapala Monsanto kūloko.

ʻO ka puke pāʻani PR a Monsanto: e hoʻouka nei i ka poʻe loea i ke kanesa ma ke ʻano he 'activists'

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Mark Lynas i ka Anuu CAS e hoʻonui i ka leka ʻana o Monsanto, e wehewehe ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai e like me ke "kilokilo kilokilo" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e "anti-Monsanto activists" nāna i "hana ʻino i ka ʻepekema" a ua hana "kahi ʻike maopopo ʻole ʻia o ka ʻepekema ʻelua a me ka hoʻopono kūlohelohe" e ka hōʻike ʻana i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka glyphosate. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i ka mea like nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kīnā ʻole a me nā kumu waiwai ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, a uku ka hui mua o Monsanto e kōkua i ka wili i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻOiai e koi ana aia ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema, ʻaʻole nānā ʻo Lynas i nā hōʻike he nui mai nā palapala a Monsanto, i hoʻolaha nui i ka nūpepa, kēlā Hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto me ʻike'enekema, hoʻoponopono i nā keʻena hoʻokele a hoʻohana i nā mea ʻē aʻe nā hana lima kaumaha e hoʻoponopono i ke kaʻina ʻepekema i mea e pale aku ai iā Roundup. I ka 2018, ua loaʻa i kahi jure ka Monsanto “hana me ka hana ʻino, hoʻoluhi a hoʻopunipuni paha"I ka uhi ʻana i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai o Roundup.

Lobbying no nā pesticides a me nā GMO ma Hawaii

ʻOiai ʻo ʻApelika ka nānā nui ʻana i ka ʻāina, kōkua pū kekahi ʻo CAS i nā hana pesticide e pale aku i nā pesticides a hōʻino i nā mea kōkua olakino lehulehu ma Hawaii. He ʻāina hoʻokolohua koʻikoʻi ko Hawaiʻi Paeʻāina no nā mea kanu GMO a me kahi e hōʻike ai i ke kiʻekiʻe hōʻike i nā pesticides a hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino pili pesticide, me nā kīnā hānau, ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka hānō. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kēia mau pilikia nā kamaʻāina e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hakakā he mau makahiki e hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai ʻoi aku ka ikaika e hōʻemi i nā hōʻike pesticide a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā māla mahiʻai.

"Hoʻouka kaua hōʻino"

I ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua komo ʻo CAS i loko o kahi "hōʻike ākea e pili ana i ka pilina lehulehu i hoʻolālā ʻia e hūnā i nā hopohopo kaiāulu" e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā pesticides, e like me ka haʻi a Fern Anuenue Holland, kahi mea hoʻonohonoho kaiāulu no ka Hawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. I ka Cornell Daily Sun, Ua wehewehe ʻo Holland pehea ka "uku ʻana iā Cornell Alliance no nā hoa ʻepekema - ma lalo o ke ʻano o ka ʻepekema loea - ua hoʻouka i nā hōʻeha hōʻino. Ua hoʻohana lākou i nā pāpili kaiaulu a kākau i nā hanana blog he nui e hoʻohewa ana i nā lālā kaiāulu a me nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe i loaʻa ka wiwo ʻole e ʻōlelo ai. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Holland ua hoʻokau ʻia ʻo ia a me nā lālā ʻē aʻe o kāna hui i "ka pepehi kanaka ʻana, nā kuhi hewa ʻana a me nā hōʻeha ʻana i ka hilinaʻi pilikino a me ka ʻoihana" e nā lālā CAS. "Ua ʻike maka wau i nā ʻohana a me nā aloha aloha i wāwahi ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo ia.

Kūʻē i ka pono o ka lehulehu e ʻike     

Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, 'ōlelo kāna hui kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana: "ʻAʻole mākou e kākau no ka ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole mākou e kākoʻo a paipai paha i nā huahana o ka ʻoihana. E like me kā mākou pūnaewele e hōʻike nei me ka maopopo a hōʻike piha hoʻi, ʻaʻole loaʻa iā mākou nā kumuwaiwai mai ka ʻoihana. " Eia nō naʻe, loaʻa nā kakini o nā leka uila e US Right to Know, i kau ʻia i kēia manawa i loko o ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS a me Evanega e launa pū me ka ʻoihana pesticide a me nā hui o mua e pili ana i nā hana pili lehulehu. ʻO nā laʻana me:

Hōʻike ʻia nā laʻana hou aʻe o ka launa pū CAS me nā hui ʻoihana ma lalo o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.  

Ke hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā hui i mua a me nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole

I kāna mau hana e hoʻolaha i nā GMO ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema" hopena no ka mahiʻai, ua hāʻawi ʻo Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kāna papa i nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana a me kahi skeptic ʻepekema kaulana.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS: Nā CAS hoa me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS e hāʻawi iā “ke kūkā kamaʻilio helu no nā mea nūpepa”A hāʻawi aku he launa i ka luna o ka hui ʻo Trevor Butterworth, nāna i kūkulu kāna ʻoihana pale i nā huahana nui i ka Nine Inch, fracking, meaʻai maikaʻi 'ole i ke kino a nā ʻoihana lāʻau. ʻO Butterworth ke alakaʻi o Sense About Science USA, kahi āna i hoʻohui ai me kāna paepae mua, ʻo Statistics Analysis Service (STATS).

Ua wehewehe nā mea kākau moʻolelo i nā STAT a me Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea pāʻani nui i nā pāʻina pale pale huahana ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā mea lapaʻau (e nānā Hōʻike nūhou, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ʻO ke kuʻina a ʻO ʻAkelanika). Hoʻomaopopo nā palapala Monsanto ʻO Sense About Science i waena o ka "hoa hana" ua hilinaʻi ia e pale aku iā Roundup e kūʻē i nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻOwen Paterson: I ka 2015, ua hoʻokipa ʻo CAS iā Owen Paterson, he kālaiʻāina Pelekane Pelekane Conservative a kaulana kaulana skeptic ʻepekema aniau ka mea hōʻemi i ke kālā no nā hana hoʻoliʻiliʻi hoʻomehana honua i kona manawa ma ke ʻano he Kuhina Kaiapuni ʻo UK. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Paterson i ka pae Cornell e koi i nā hui kaiapuni e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMOʻae i nā miliona e make.”Ua hoʻohana nā hui ʻoihana Pesticide i ka leka uila like 50 mau makahiki i hala aku nei e hoʻāʻo hōʻino iā Rachel Carson no ka hāpai ʻana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā DDT.

ʻO Lynas a me ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema: Pili pū ʻo Lynas o CAS me Sense About Science ma ke ʻano he lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo lōʻihi. I ka 2015, ua hui pū ʻo Lynas me ka skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Owen Paterson Paterson ʻo Sense e pili ana i ka luna ʻepekema ʻo Tracey Brown i hoʻolana i kāna mea i kāhea ai ka "neʻe ʻana o ka ecomodernism," kahi hui like, ʻāpana anti-rula o ka "environmentism."

Hawaii Alliance no nā ʻelele ʻEpekema

Ma 2016, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo CAS i kahi ka hui hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Hawaii Alliance for Science, ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻo kāna kumu e "kākoʻo i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hoʻoholo a me nā hana hou o ka mahiʻai i nā mokupuni." Loaʻa i kāna mau ʻelele:

ʻO Sarah Thompson, a ka limahana o Dow AgroSciences, hoʻohui ʻia ka Hawaii Alliance no ka ʻepekema, ka mea i hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "hui i pili i nā kamaʻilio kumu waiwai ʻole pili pili i ka Cornell Alliance for Science." (ʻAʻole ʻike hou ʻia ka pūnaewele, akā mālama ka hui a Facebook palapala.)

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hoʻolaha pāʻoihana kaiaulu mai ka Hawaii Alliance no ʻEpekema a me kāna mea hoʻonohonoho ʻo Thompson i wehewehe i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e like me poʻe haʻaheo a naʻaupō, hoʻolauleʻa nā mea kanu kulina a me nā soya a pale i nā pesticides neonicotinoid ka mea ʻike nui a ʻ saylelo mai nā ʻepekema he mau meli hōʻino.

ʻO Joan Conrow, Luna Hoʻoponopono o CAS, kākau ʻatikala ma luna ona pūnaewele pūnaewele, kela mea Pūnaewele “Kauai Eclectic” a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino nā kānaka olakino, nā hui kaiaulu a nā kālaiʻāina ma Hawaii nāna e kākoʻo i ka pale ʻana i nā pesticide ikaika, a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e kākau e pili ana i nā hopohopo pesticide. Loaʻa iā Conrow hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā hui kaiapuni o ka pale ʻauhau a me hoʻohālikelike i kahi hui palekana meaʻai i ka KKK.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Conrow i kāna pili ma waena o Cornell. Ua hoʻohalahala ka nūpepa ʻo Beat Beat o Hawaiʻi iā Conrow nona nele i ka transparency a ʻōlelo iā ia i 2016 ma ke ʻano he kumu no ke kumu e hoʻololi nei ka pepa i kāna mau manaʻo hoʻopuka. ʻO Conrow "hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine i ka kuanaʻike pro-GMO me ka ʻōlelo ʻole ʻana i kāna hana ma ke ʻano he mea aloha i ka GMO," i kākau ʻo Polopeka journalism Brett Oppegaard. "Ua nalowale ʻo Conrow i kāna kūʻokoʻa nūhou (a me ka hilinaʻi) e hōʻike kūpono e pili ana i nā pilikia GMO, no ka leo o kāna hana i kēia mau pilikia."

ʻO Joni Kamiya, he 2015 CAS ʻO ka hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā rula pesticide ma kāna pūnaewele Ke kaikamahine a ka mahiai o Hawaii, i ka Media a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. ^ E Ha yM. Aia ʻo ia "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūnaewele pāʻoihana GMO Nā Pane. E like me Conrow, ʻōlelo ʻo Kamiya i nā hōʻike pesticide ma Hawaii ʻaʻole pilikia, a e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino i nā luna i koho ʻia a "Nā mea hana kaiapuni" ka poʻe makemake e hoʻoponopono i nā pesticides.

ʻO Cornell Alliance no nā limahana ʻEpekema, nā aʻoaʻo

Ua wehewehe ʻo CAS iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "papahana i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell, kahi ʻoihana loaʻa kālā ʻole." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna moʻohelu kālā, nā hoʻolilo a me nā uku o nā limahana, a ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻo Cornell University i kekahi ʻike e pili ana iā CAS i kāna faila ʻauhau.

Papa inoa ka pūnaewele Nā lālā o ka 20, me Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, a me Luna Hooponopono ʻO Joan Conrow (ʻaʻole papa inoa ʻo Mark Lynas a i ʻole kekahi mau hoa e loaʻa pū ka uku). ʻO nā lālā limahana ʻē aʻe i helu ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me:

Aia i ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo CAS nā kālaiʻike e kōkua mau i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai me kā lākou mau hana PR.

ʻO Gates Foundation: nā loiloi o nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai 

Mai ka 2016, ua hoʻolilo ka Gates Foundation ma kahi o $ 4 biliona no nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai, ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mea i kau ʻia ma ʻApelika. ʻO nā hoʻolālā hoʻolālā mahiʻai o ke kahua alakaʻi ʻia e Rob Horsch (ua hoʻomaha loa), a ʻO Monsanto veteran o 25 makahiki. Ua huki ka hoʻolālā i ka hoʻopiʻi no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai ma ʻApelika ma luna o ka ke kūʻē ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoʻokumu ʻApelika a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka nohona, a me nā hopohopo a me nā kānalua e pili ana i nā mea kanu ʻenekene a puni ʻApelika.

ʻO nā loiloi a ka Gates Foundation e hoʻokokoke nei i ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai a me ke kālā.

ʻO nā hui like ʻoihana CAS hou aku 

Loaʻa nā leka uila ma o FOIA e US Right to Know, a ua kau ʻia i kēia manawa i ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS e launa pū ana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui pili lehulehu e hoʻonohonoho i nā hanana a me ka leka ʻana:

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe a Mark Lynas 

ʻO GMO Answers kahi hoʻolaha a me PR Campaign no nā Pesticide Company

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Kiʻi hou i nā:

ketchum gmo pane

Nā Pane GMO uku ʻia ma ke ʻano he kolamu kahi e hiki ai i nā mea kūʻai ke loaʻa pololei nā pane mai ka poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia, a ʻo kekahi poʻe nūpepa e lawe ia mea me he kumu kaulike ʻole. Akā ʻo ka pūnaewele kahi pono ʻoihana kūʻai aku ʻoihana pono e wili i nā GMO i kahi kukui maikaʻi.

ʻO nā hōʻike i nā pane a GMO kahi mea hana propaganda hoʻopilikia pilikia i nele i ka hilinaʻi ʻole.

Ua hana ʻia nā pane GMO ma ke ʻano he kaʻa e hoʻohuli ai i ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu no GMOs. Ma hope koke iho o ka hahau ʻana o Monsanto a me kāna mau mea kōkua i ka hana balota 2012 e kapa inoa i nā GMO ma Kaleponi, ʻo Monsanto Ho'olaha i nā māla e hoʻokumu i kahi hoʻolaha pili lehulehu e hoʻoponopono hou i ka inoa o GMO. Ua hoʻolimalima lākou i ka ʻoihana pili aupuni ʻo FleishmanHillard (nona ʻo Omnicom) no kahi hoʻouka kaua ʻehiku.

Ma ke ʻāpana o ka hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ka firm PR Ketchum (nona pū ʻo Omnicom) e ka ʻaha kūkāʻike no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology - i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e Monsanto, BASF, Bayer, Dow, Dupont a me Syngenta - e hana iā GMOAnswers.com. Ua hoʻohiki ka pūnaewele i hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka huikau a hoʻopau i ka hilinaʻi ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO e hoʻohana nei i nā leo i hoʻoponopono ʻole ʻia o nā mea i kapa ʻia he "loea kūʻokoʻa."

Akā pehea ke kūʻokoʻa o kēlā poʻe loea?

Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ka pūnaewele i nā kikoʻī e kamaʻilio pono e haʻi i kahi moʻolelo maikaʻi e pili ana i nā GMO i ka wā e hoʻoliʻiliʻi a nānā ʻole paha i nā pilikia olakino a me ka nohona. ʻO kahi laʻana, ke nīnau ʻia inā e hāpai ana nā GMO i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pesticides, hāʻawi ka pūnaewele i kahi no convolulate, ʻoiai me ka ʻike ʻia ʻana o ka ʻike o nā hoa. ʻae, i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo lākou nō.

"Hoʻomākaukau Roundup" Ua hoʻonui nā huahana GMO i ka glyphosate, a kino kanaka make paha, by haneli miliona mau paona. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kahi hoʻolālā GMO / pesticide hou e pili ana i ka dicamba i ka luku ʻia o nā mea kanu soybean a puni ka US, a ke hoʻomākaukau nei ʻo FDA i kēia makahiki no pākolu ʻia ka hoʻohana o 2,4-D, kahi lāʻau make make ʻona kahiko, ma muli o nā mea kanu GMO hou i ʻenekinia e kūʻē iā ia. ʻAʻohe mea e hopohopo ai kēia mau mea āpau, e like me nā pane a GMO.

Pane ʻia nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana me nā ʻōlelo wahaheʻe e like me "kēlā me kēia hui olakino alakaʻi i ka honua kū i hope o ka palekana o nā GMO." ʻAʻole i loaʻa iā mākou kahi ʻōlelo i kau inoa ʻia e nā ʻepekema 300, nā kauka a me nā kālaiʻike e ʻōlelo nei aia he "ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO,”A ʻaʻole i loaʻa iā mākou nā pane i nā nīnau a mākou i kau ai e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo.

Ua hele mai nā hiʻohiʻona e ʻike i kēlā Ua kākau ʻo Ketchum PR i kekahi o nā pane GMO ua kau inoa ʻia e "nā loea kūʻokoʻa."

Papa inoa ʻia no ka makana PR hoʻokele kūpilikiʻi

Ma ke ʻano he hōʻike hou aʻe he kaʻa wili ka pūnaewele: ma 2014, ʻO GMO Nā Pane papa inoa ʻia no kahi makana hoʻolaha CLIO i ka mahele o "Nā pilina lehulehu: Crisis Management & Issue Management."

A ʻo ka firm PR i hana i nā GMO Answers i kaena aʻe e pili ana i ka mana o ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo. I loko o kahi wikiō i kau ʻia i ka pūnaewele CLIO, ua kaena ʻo Ketchum no ka pane ʻana o GMO Answers "kokoke i pālua ka pāpaho ʻana o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO." Ua wehe ʻia ke wikiō ma hope o ka US Right to Know i kāhea ʻia i ka nānā ʻana iā ia, akā ʻo mākou mālama iā ia ma aneʻi.

No ke aha e hilinaʻi ai ka poʻe kūkala nūhou i kahi kaʻa kālepa i hoʻolālā ʻia e Ketchum ma ke ʻano he kumu hilinaʻi paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo. Ketchum, a hiki i ka 2016 ka ʻO PR paʻa no Rūsia, ua hoʻopili ʻia i nā hana spionage kūʻē i nā nonprofits hopohopo e pili ana iā GMOs. ʻAʻole pololei kahi moʻolelo e hāʻawi iā ia iho e hoʻopau i ka hilinaʻi ʻole.

Hāʻawi ʻia ʻo GMO Answers kahi mea kūʻai aku i hoʻokumu ʻia a hāʻawi kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku ana i nā GMO, manaʻo mākou he pāʻani kūpono ke nīnau: ʻO ia anei nā "loea kūʻokoʻa" nāna i hōʻaiʻē i ka pūnaewele - ʻo kekahi o lākou e hana nei no nā kula nui a uku ʻia e nā ʻauhau. - kūʻokoʻa maoli a hana i ka pono o ka lehulehu? A i ʻole ke hana pū nei lākou i ka hui me nā ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana pili lehulehu e kōkua i ke kūʻai aku i ka lehulehu i kahi moʻolelo wili?

I ka ʻimi ʻana i kēia mau pane, kuleana ʻo US e ʻike waiho i nā noi Freedom of Information Act e ʻimi nei i ka leka a nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu i kākau no GMOAnswers.com a i hana paha ma nā hana hoʻoikaika GMO ʻē aʻe. He noi ʻiʻī ka FOIA e uhi ʻole i ka ʻike pilikino a i ʻole ka ʻikepili, akā e ʻimi e hoʻomaopopo i nā pilina ma waena o nā polopeka, nā ʻoihana mahiʻai e kūʻai aku nei i nā GMO, kā lākou mau hui kālepa a me nā PR a me nā ʻoihana lobbying i hoʻolimalima ʻia e hoʻolaha i nā GMO a hakakā i ka lepili no laila mālama mākou i ka pouli e pili ana i ka mea a mākou e ʻai nei.

E hāhai i nā hopena o ka Pono ʻo US e ʻike hoʻokolokolo ma aneʻi.

E nānā i kā mākou ʻOihana Pesticide ʻoihana Propaganda Tracker no ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā mea pāʻani i ka hana kemika i nā hana pili lehulehu.

Hiki iā ʻoe ke kōkua i ka hoʻonui ʻana i ke kuleana e ʻike ai i nā noiʻi e ke hana nei i kahi manawaleʻa ʻauhau hiki i kēia lā

Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa: Mālama ʻo Koch-Funded Group i Pesticide, ʻaila, ʻoihana paka

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ka ʻAha Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa he hui waiwai ʻole kēlā nā hoapili me Monsanto, pale aku i nā mea make ʻino i nā meaʻai a me nā huahana mea kūʻai aku, a hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā kānāwai e kāohi ana i ka mana o nā ʻoihana. Hāʻawi kālā nui ʻia e nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu ʻākau e hoʻohuli i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole, IMF ua hoʻomaka i ka 1991 ma ke ʻano he hoʻāʻo e pale aku i kēia manawa ʻo ka Lunakanawai o ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo Kiʻi (a ʻo ka loio ʻo Monsanto mua). ʻO Clarence Thomas i kona alo ʻana i nā uku hoʻomāinoino kolohe. I ka 2018, ka hui pū kekahi hoʻopakele ʻO ka luna kānāwai kiʻekiʻe o ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo Brett Kavanaugh i mua o nā hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi kolohe, a ua wehewehe ʻia ʻo Kavanaugh ma ke ʻano he "Poʻokela wahine."

E nānā: “E hālāwai me nā 'Feminists' e hana nei i nā hana maʻemaʻe ʻole ʻo Koch Brothers, ” na Joan Walsh, ka Lahui 

me he puu dala o $ 2 miliona paha i kēlā me kēia makahiki, ua ʻōlelo ka Independent Women's Forum i kēia manawa ke hana nei no nā kulekele e "hoʻonui i ke kūʻokoʻa." Hoʻokomo ʻia kāna mau papahana me ka lobbying a me ke kākoʻo ʻana no ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o nā huahana ʻona, a me ka pale ʻana i ka hewa no ke olakino a me nā mea e pili ana i ka nohona mai nā hui haumia a i nā kuleana pilikino. I ka 2017, ka hui gala makahiki ma Wakinekona DC, ʻo ia ka mea i hoʻolauleʻa ai i ka lālā o ka papa IWF ʻo Kellyanne Conway ma ke ʻano he poʻokela o nā wahine, i kākoʻo ʻia e nā hui kemika a me nā paka.

E heluhelu hou aʻe e pili ana i ka gala a me nā mea kākoʻo iā HuffPost,ʻO nā politika o ka infertility a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai, ”Na Stacy Malkan. 

ʻO ke kālā e nā piliona piliona a me nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā mea hāʻawi i ʻike ʻia o ka Independent Women Forum he mau kāne, e like me Lisa Graves i hōʻike ʻia no ka Center for Media and Democracy. Ua loaʻa iā IWF ma kahi o $ 15 miliona mai nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu ʻākau e hāpai ana i ka deregulation a me ka hoʻokuʻu manuahi ʻana o nā ʻoihana, e like me ʻikepili i hōʻiliʻili ʻia e Greenpeace USA. ʻO nā mea kōkua nui o IWF, me $ 5 miliona ka nui o nā makana, ʻo Donors Trust a me Donors Capital Funds, ka malu kālā "kālāʻeleʻele" kālā pili pū me nā aila mogul ʻO Charles lāua ʻo David Koch. Kuhi kēia mau kālā i nā kālā mai nā mea hāʻawi inoa ʻole, me nā ʻoihana, i nā hui ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e ʻoluʻolu no nā pono ʻoihana.

ʻO ka mea leʻaleʻa kiʻekiʻe o IWF: kālā ʻeleʻele mai nā mea hāʻawi ʻole i hōʻike ʻia

Ua hāʻawi pololei nā kumu ʻohana Koch ma mua o $ 844,115 a me nā mea kālā ʻē aʻe i hui pū ʻia me Sarah Hoʻokumuʻo Scaife, ka ʻO Bradley Foundation, ka Randolph Foundation (kahi lālā o ka ʻO Richardson Foundation), A Hilinaʻi Searle Freedom - nā mea alakaʻi kālā āpau o hōʻole-ʻepekema hōʻole hooikaika a hooikaika i pale i nā pesticides a mālama iā lākou i ka ʻole. 

ExxonMobil a ʻO Philip Morris ua loaʻa kālā iā IWF, a ʻo ka ʻoihana paka i kapa ʻia ʻo IWF i kahi papa inoa o “nā kūmole ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe"A me"ka poʻe mahalo i ko mākou manaʻo. ” Ua hāʻawi ʻo Rush Limbaugh ma kahi o ka hapahā o miliona kālā i ka IWF, a “pale iā ia i nā manawa a pau e hoʻouka i kahi sexist tirade, "E like me kahi ʻatikala na Eli Clifton ma The Nation.

Nā alakaʻi o IWF

ʻO Heather Richardson Higgins, Lunahoomalu o ka Papa IWF a me CEO o ka Independent Women's Voice, ka ʻaoʻao lobby o IWF, i paʻa i nā kūlana kiʻekiʻe i nā kumu ʻēheu ʻākau, e like me ka ʻO Randolph Foundation, ka Kumukanawai ʻo Smith Richardson a me ka Pākaukau Poepoe Philanthropy.

ʻO Kellyanne Conway, ʻO ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka White House a me ka luna hoʻolaha o Trump mua, he Lālā lālā o IWF. Nā Luna Hoʻokele Emeritae komo pū ʻO Lynne V.Cheney, wahine a Dick Cheney a ʻO Kimberly O.Dennis, pelekikena o ka papa kuhikuhi o Hilinaʻi Kākoʻo a pelekikena a me CEO o Hilinaʻi Searle Freedom.

ʻO Nancy M. Pfotenhauer, Ua haʻalele ʻo Koch Industries i kahi mea lobbyist o Koch Industries ma mua pelekikena o IWF i 2001 a ua lawelawe ʻo ia ma hope ma ke ʻano he Hope Pelekikena o ka Papa Hoʻokele o IWF. He moʻolelo lōʻihi kona hāpai i ka ikehu haumia a me ka hoʻokau ʻana no ka hoʻopau hou ʻia o nā ʻoihana haumia.

ʻO ka papahana a IWF e ukali pono nei i ka papa kuhikuhi lobbying a me ka leka ʻana i ka pono no ka paka, aila a me nā pono ʻenehana. Eia kekahi mau laʻana:

Hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau

A 2019 tweet a me ka ʻatikala mai ka Independent Women Forum mahalo iā Pelekikena Trump "pragmatism" i ka hana ʻole ʻana e kāohi i ka huliau. 

Uliuli malu wehewehe ʻo IWF ma ke ʻano he "Koch Industries Climate Denial Group" ua "hoʻolaha i nā hewa e pili ana i ka ʻepekema aniau a hoʻokau i ka hana a ka poʻe hōʻole i ke aniau." 

Ua hōʻike ʻo Jane Mayer i ʻO ka New Yorker i ka makahiki 2010: "Ua hāʻawi aku nā hoahānau (Koch) i ke kālā i nā hui pohihihi hou aku, e like me ka Independent Women Forum, ke kūʻē nei i ka hōʻike ʻana o ka hoʻomehana honua ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema ma nā kula aupuni o ʻAmelika. A hiki i ka 2008, ua holo ʻia ka hui e Nancy Pfotenhauer, kahi lobbyist ma mua no Koch Industries. ʻO Mary Beth Jarvis, he pelekikena hope o kahi hui Koch, aia ma ka papa o kēia hui. "

Kūʻē i ke aʻo ʻana i ka ʻepekema aniau i nā kula

ka Denver Post ua hōʻike ʻia i ka makahiki 2010 ʻo IWF "manaʻo ʻo ka hoʻomehana honua ka 'ʻepekema junk' a ke aʻo nei ia mea he mea pono ʻole e makaʻu i nā keiki kula." Ma o kahi papahana i kapa ʻia ʻo "Balanced Education for All," ua kūʻē ʻo IWF i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema aniau i nā kula, kahi o ka hui i weheweheia me "Indoctrination hoʻomehana honua hoʻomākalakala."

ʻO Pelekikena IWF Carrie Lucas kākauʻia e pili ana ʻo ka "skepticism e ulu nei e pili ana i ka huliau" a hoʻopaʻapaʻa "hiki i ka lehulehu ke uku nui no ka hysteria."

Pāhana me Monsanto

I kahi noi 21 ʻApelila 2016 iā Monsanto, Ua noi ʻo IWF iā Monsanto e hāʻawi kālā $ 43,300 no nā hanana "Super Women of Science" i hoʻolālā ʻia e hōʻoki i ke kākoʻo politika no Proposition 65, kahi kānāwai Kaleponi e pāpā ana i nā ʻoihana mai ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana i nā kemika weliweli i nā waikahe a koi iā lākou e hoʻomaopopo i nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā hōʻike kemikona ʻawahia. ʻO nā hanana i hāpai ʻia he ʻāpana ia o ka papahana "Culture of Alarmism" a IWF i hana ʻia "e debunk media hype e pili ana i nā pilikia a ʻAmelika e kū ai mai nā huahana a mākou e hoʻohana ai, nā meaʻai a mākou e ʻai ai a me ke kaiapuni e pili ana i ko mākou mau ʻohana." 

I Pepeluali 2017, ua hui pū ʻo Monsanto me IWF ma kahi hanana i kapa ʻia ʻo “ʻAi a me ka Makaʻu: Pehea e ʻike ai i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia lā Culture of Alarmism,” a me Podcast IWF ua kūkākūkā kēlā mahina "Pehea ʻo Monsanto e Vilified e Activists."

Hoʻopiʻi ʻo IWF i nā wahi kamaʻilio a Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana kemika: ke hoʻolaha nei i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻokanika a me nā makuahine e koho ana i ka meaʻai meaola, a me ke kūʻē ʻana i ka transparency i nā lepili meaʻai. ʻO nā laʻana me:

  • Lapuwale ke kānāwai lepili GMO a Vermont. (ʻO ka Spectator)
  • ʻO ka lepili GMO Sinister ka mea e hoʻonui ai i nā kumukūʻai kūʻai. (IMF)
  • ʻO ka anti-GMO hype ka mea hoʻoweliweli maoli i ke ola o nā ʻohana. (ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā)
  • Pono nā makuwahine kūpono e hoʻi i hope i ka hilahila a ka makuahine a me ka lawehala ʻana i ka haʻi ʻana i nā meaʻai meaola. (Podcast IWF)
  • Kino, lapuwale, kiʻekiʻe a ʻimi nā poʻe loiloi GMO e hōʻole i ka poʻe nele. (New York Post)

ʻO ka papahana "Culture of Alarmism", mai ka inoa i kapa ʻia ʻo "Project for Progress and Innovation," e Julie Gunlock, nāna i kākau i nā blog pinepine e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā pale olakino lehulehu a pale ʻana i nā hui. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ka hōʻole ʻana a FDA e hoʻolaha i nā e-cigareki ma ke ʻano he "kahi pilikia olakino lehulehu.

Nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa 'Philips Morris PR'

I ʻAukake 2017, IWF lobbied FDA e ʻae iā Philip Morris ' ʻO nā uahi paka IQOS, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei e pono i nā wahine nā huahana no nā kumu olaola like ʻole e kōkua iā lākou e haʻalele i ka puhipaka maʻamau ʻana.

"ʻIke loa, ʻaʻole makemake ka FDA e hoʻopaʻi i nā wahine, no kā lākou kāne wale nō. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ia ka mea e hiki mai ana inā palena nā wahine i nā huahana hoʻomaha puhipaka i hiki ʻole i ka biologically ke hāʻawi iā lākou i ke kōkua e pono ai e haʻalele i nā kūpaka maʻamau, ”i kākau ʻo IWF.

I ka pane ʻana i ka leka IWF, ʻo Stanton Glantz, PhD, Polofesa o ka lāʻau lapaʻau ma ka UCSF Center for Tobako Control Research and Education, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia: "ʻO Philip Morris PR maʻamau kēia. ʻAʻohe hōʻoia kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoi aku o ka palekana o ka IQOS ma mua o ka pīpaka a i ʻole kōkua lākou i ka poʻe e haʻalele i ka puhipaka. "

ʻO ka hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū ʻoihana.

Hoʻopilikia ʻo IWF i ka US Food and Drug Administration ma ke ʻano he “nannies o ke aupuni,” e laʻana me ka wehewehe ʻana i ka ʻoihana ʻo “mea ʻai Marxists"A me"pau ʻole i ke kāohi”No ka hoʻopuka ʻana alakaʻi kōkua manawaleʻa i nā mea hana meaʻai e ʻoki i nā pae sodium.

Ua hoʻāʻo kahi hanana IWF Iune 2017 e hoʻokau i ka makaʻu e pili ana i ke alakaʻi olakino lehulehu

I ka 2012, ua hoʻokumu ʻo IWF i kahi “Nā Wahine no ke Kuokoa ʻAi"Papahana e" hoʻokau i ka moku nanny a paipai i ke kuleana pilikino "no nā koho meaʻai. ʻO ka papa kuhikuhi e pili ana i ke kūʻē ʻana i nā "rula ʻai, soda a me nā ʻauhau meaʻai māmā, nā ʻepekema junk a me nā meaʻai a me nā makaʻi home-huahana, nā ʻike hewa e pili ana i ka momona a me ka pōloli, a me nā papahana meaʻai pekelala ʻē aʻe, me nā ʻaina awakea o ke kula."

Ma ka momona, hoʻāʻo ʻo IWF e hoʻohuli i ka nānā mai ka kuleana ʻoihana a i nā koho pilikino. I kēia ninaninau me Thom Hartmann, Hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo IWF ʻo Julie Gunlock i ka hewa ʻole o nā hui no ka pilikia momona o ʻAmelika akā akā “ke hana hewa nei nā kānaka a manaʻo wau e nānā pono ana nā mākua.” ʻO ka hopena, i ʻōlelo ʻo ia, no ka kuke ʻana o nā mākua i nā mea hou aku, keu hoʻi nā mākua ʻilihuna ʻoiai he pilikia ʻoi loa ko lākou me ka momona.

Hoʻouka i nā mākuahine no ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻemi i nā hōʻike pesticide

Hoʻokomo ʻo IWF i ka leka ʻana o ka ʻoihana, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana huna, i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e kipaku aku i nā makuahine e hopohopo nei e pili ana i nā pesticides; ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona nui loa kēia 2014 New York Post Haawina, "Tyranny o ka Organic Mommy Mafia" na Naomi Schafer Riley. Ma lalo o ke ʻano o ka namunamu e pili ana i ka "hilahila makuahine," ʻo Riley - ʻo wai ia ʻO IWF hoa akā ʻaʻole i hōʻike i kēlā i ka poʻe heluhelu - hoʻāʻo e hoʻohilahila a hōʻino i nā makuahine i koho i ka meaʻai meaola. Ua ʻimi holoʻokoʻa ʻia ka ʻatikala a Riley e nā ʻoihana mua o ka ʻoihana a me nā kumuwaiwai āna i hōʻike wahaheʻe ai he kūʻokoʻa, e like me Nānā ʻIkepili, kahi hui mua o Monsanto; ka Alliance no ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai a me Julie Gunlock o ka "Culture of Alarmism Project" o ka IWF, ka mea i ʻike ʻole ʻia i loko o ka ʻatikala ma ke ʻano he limahana o IWF. No ka mea hou aʻe e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, e ʻike i ka “Ka hōʻeha ma nā meaola: Ke nānā ʻole i ka ʻepekema e hana i ka hihia no ka mahiʻai kemika”(FAIR, 2014).

Nā hoa me nā hui ʻenehana kemika mua

Nā hoa IWF me nā hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e like me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi pale pale nui o nā kemika ʻino i hala i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto a Syngenta, a me kekahi kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me ka paka nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana.

  • I ka Pepeluali 2017 Podcast IWF, Ua "hoʻopau ʻo ACSH a me IWF" i kā alarmism a Rachel Carson no nā kemika ʻino.
  • ʻO ACSH he "hope loa" o IWF's "moʻomeheu o ka leka alarmism”Ke kūʻē nei i nā hana e hemo i nā kemika weliweli mai nā huahana mea kūʻai aku.
  • ʻO nā hanana IWF e hoʻouka nei i nā makuahine e hopohopo nei e pili ana i nā mea make ʻino, e like me kēia "makua makua hazmat" ka hopena, Hoʻolaha ʻO Josh Bloom o ACSH a me ka ʻoihana kemika mea kākau pili lehulehu ʻO Trevor Butterworth.

No ka heluhelu hou ʻana:

ʻO ke kuʻina, "Koch Brothers Operatives hoʻopiha i nā kūlana keʻokeʻo kiʻekiʻe," na Lee Fang (4/4/2017)

ʻO ka Nation, "E hui i nā" Feminists "Hana i nā Hana Maikaʻi Koch Brothers", na Joan Walsh (8/18/2016)

Ke kikowaena no Media a me Demokalaka, "ʻO nā mea kōkua i ʻike nui ʻia o ka Forum Wahine Kūʻokoʻa he mau kāne," na Lisa Graves (8/24/2016)

Ke kikowaena no Media a me Demokalaka, "Hōʻoia: Ua hānau ʻia ka Forum Women-ʻole-Kūʻokoʻa i ka pale ʻana iā Clarence Thomas a me ka ʻĀkau Hema," na Lisa Graves lāua ʻo Calvin Sloan (4/21/2016)

Slate, "Bias Confirmation: Pehea ʻo" Women for Judge Thomas "i lilo i hale mana conservative," na Barbara Spindel (4/7/2016)

Truthout, "Hoʻohana ka Forum Wahine Kūʻokoʻa i nā Mana Kuhihewa e Pahu aku ai i ka ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻākau," na Lisa Graves, ʻo Calvin Sloan lāua ʻo Kim Haddow (8/19/2016)

Ma loko o Philanthropy,"ʻO ke kālā ma hope o nā pūʻulu wahine conservative e hakakā nei i ke kaua moʻomeheu," na Philip Rojc (9/13/2016)

ʻO ka Nation, "Kuhi ʻo wai ka pūʻulu wahine ʻo Rush Limbaugh i hāʻawi i nā haneli he mau kaukani kālā? Kaha: ʻo ia ka mea pale iā ia i nā manawa a pau e lele i loko o kahi moe kolohe, "na Eli Clifton (6/12/2014)

ʻO ka New Yorker, "The Koch Brothers Covert Operations," na Jane Mayer (8/30/2010)

Oxford University Press, "Ka Pono Hana wahine: Conservative Women and American Politics," na Ronnee Schreiber (2008)

Ma loko o Philanthropy, "E nānā ʻO wai ke kālā i kēia Pūʻulu Wahine Conservative Top," na Joan Shipps (11/26/2014)

ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana, "Pono nā Wahine Conservative no Media Mainstream; Ua Loaa Loa ka Media i Kekahi Wahine e Aloha, "na Laura Flanders (3/1/1996)

i kau mua ʻia ʻOkakopa 6, 2018 a hōʻano hou ʻia i Pepeluali 2020

Nina Fedoroff: Ke hoʻoneʻe nei i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e hoʻihoʻi iā Monsanto

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  • Ma ke ʻano he pelekikena a he luna luna o ka AAAS mai 2011-2013, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Dr. Fedoroff i nā pahuhopu kulana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia i kēia manawa no kahi ʻoihana lobbying.
  • ʻO nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike nei pehea e launa pū ai nā pilina lehulehu a me nā hana lobbying ma hope o nā hanana i waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Nina Fedoroff, PhD, kekahi o nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi nui e koi ana i ka hoʻolaha a me ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. He pelekikena ʻo ia o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka Holomua ʻEpekema (2011-2012) a me ka luna o ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS (2012-2013). He wahine ʻo ia aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe mai ka 2015 ma OFW Law, kahi hui lobbying nona nā mea kūʻai aku i hoʻopili pū Syngenta a me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology, kahi hui kālepa e pani ana iā Bayer (nona nona Monsanto), BASF, Corteva (kahi mahele o DowDuPont) a me Syngenta.

Mai ka 2007-2010, ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema a me ʻenehana aʻoaʻo i ke Kakauolelo o ka Mokuʻāina a me ka Luna Hoʻokele o USAID ma lalo o kā George W. Bush a me Obama mau hoʻomalu. Ma mua o kēlā, he wahine ʻo ia ka lālā o ka papa o ka Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, kahi hui kemika multinational a me biotech firm; a me kahi lālā lālā aʻoaʻo o Evogene, kahi hui biotechnology i hui pū me DuPont, Syngenta, ʻO Bayer a Monsanto.

He hanana 2017 e paipai i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ʻEpekema a me Health Puke “ʻepekema junk” i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a pili ʻelua ʻepekema me nā hui e hōʻole i ka ʻepekema o ke aniau.

Ma ke ʻano he kākau ʻōlelo no Hillary State ʻO kā Clinton ʻepekema czar, "Ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he diplomat no ka"GMO i ke ala āpau"Ke kumu o ke kulekele ʻē aʻe o US, ua hōʻike ʻo Tom Philpott ma Grist i ka makahiki 2008 a me ka makahiki 2009. Ua hōʻike aku ʻo Pesticide Action Network o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa iā Dr. Fedoroff"maoli ka ʻelele US ”no ka hana ʻenekini. Wahi a Greenpeace, ʻo Kauka Fedoroff he "a kākoʻo ikaika no ka hoʻolaha honua o GM (hoʻololi kūlohelohe) i nā meaʻai i loko o kāna ʻoihana. "

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana a me ka luna hoʻomalu o AAAS, ka honua nui loa ʻo ka hui ʻepekema multidisciplinary, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i kēlā mau kuleana e hāʻawi i ke kōkua politika i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai: ʻo kahi laʻana, ua hoʻopuka ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o kona noho luna hoʻomalu i kahi ʻōlelo no ka manawa politika e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i ka makahiki 2012. ʻOiai ka pelekikena o ka ʻepekema hui ma 2011 , Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ke eo ʻana i kahi noi US EPA e koi ai i ka ʻikepili hou aʻe no ke olakino a me ka palekana no nā mea kanu GMO, e like me nā leka uila i hōʻike ʻia ma lalo nei. ʻIke, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, AAAS a me ka keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻAʻole pane ʻo Kauka Fedoroff lāua ʻo AAAS i nā noi no ka pane.

ʻO nā pilina me nā ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni i mua o nā hui a me nā hana PR

Ua hoʻolauna a kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hōʻoia i nā hui e koi ana he leo kūʻokoʻa lākou no ka ʻepekema akā hana ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i nā ala e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka lehulehu - me nā hui ʻelua i kōkua iā Monsanto e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino nā ʻepekema nāna i lawelawe ma ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) panel panel i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha ma 2015.

ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kālā ʻia e nā hui kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā paka, wahi a pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko palapala kēlā pehea ka hui ʻana o ka hui i kāna ʻoihana i nā ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana. ʻO nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hana o ka ʻaha e hōʻike iā Monsanto ua ʻae e kālā iā ACSH i 2015, a ua noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana ka hōʻike IARC cancer ma glyphosate; ACSH ma hope koi ʻo ka hōʻike kanesa he "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni."     

Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kēia hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūpono i kahi 2017 Hanana ʻo Press Press Club e hoʻomaka i ka ACSH's "Little Black Book of Junk Science." ʻIke ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao o Dr. Fedoroff ma ka hanana paʻi he ʻelua ʻepekema i pili me nā hui hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a hale moe no nā huahana paka:

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa ma ka pūnaewele o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui e koi kūʻokoʻa ana akā nā hoapili me Monsanto ma PR a me nā papahana lobbying, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala i ka waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha ua papa inoa ʻo Monsanto i kēia hui ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" ua hoʻolālā e komo i kahi hoʻolālā e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka loiloi glyphosate a IARC i mea e "pale ai i ka inoa a me FTO o Roundup." ʻO ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kau ʻia ma mua o Nā huahana 200 loiloi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā hoʻouka kaua pilikino he nui i nā ʻepekema i pili i ka hōʻike glyphosate, e hoʻopiʻi nei iā lākou kipi, hoʻopunipuni, e moe ana, palaho, hūnā, a ke hoʻoulu ʻia e “waiwai a me ka lapuwale. ”??

i ka moʻo lanakila lanakila ma Le Monde e pili ana i kā Monsanto "hana e luku i ka UN cancer cancer agency e nā mea hiki ke hiki," ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻo Stéphane Foucart lāua ʻo Stéphane Horel i ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ACSH ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" a ʻōlelo ʻo GLP "hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana nā pesticides a me nā ʻoihana ʻenehana biotechnology. " Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo GLP ma 2011 e Jon Entine, nona kahi ʻoihana pili lehulehu ʻo ia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa.

Nā hōʻeha i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e papa inoa nei iā Dr. Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he "lālā papa":

Nānā Hou: Ua hoʻolauna ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka loiloi ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema hilinaʻi loa ma kahi ʻatikala 2012 ma ʻO nā kū i nā Genetics a me kahi ninaninau 2016 me ka Washington Examiner e pili ana ʻaihue journalism. Ua loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Review Academics ia hoʻonohonoho i kahi pūʻulu mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hōʻino i nā loiloi o ka ʻenekinia a me nā pesticides, ʻoiai ka hūnā ʻana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana. ʻO ka hui, kahi koi kūʻokoʻa akā ua kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, kaua aku i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he "scam marketing."

ʻO Camp Camp Boot Biotech: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā lālā kumu o kahi papahana Biotech Literacy "kahua hoʻomoana" i mālama ʻia ma UC Davis ma 2015. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e nā hui PR ʻelua, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā Hou a kālā malū ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai e "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻino o glyphosate," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Paul Thacker i Ka Holomua. Hoʻokomo ʻia nā mea kamaʻilio i ka papa inoa kamaʻāina o nā mea kōkua PR ʻoihana pū me ʻO Jay Byrne, ʻO Jon Entine, Bruce Chassy, ​​ʻO David Tribe, ʻO Hank Campbell o ACSH a me ka keynote by ʻo ka "Sci Babe."

AgBioWorld: I kāna 2012 Trends and Genetics Haawina, Paipai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld ma ke ʻano he "waiwai waiwai ʻē aʻe" e aʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. I ka 2002 'atikala ma ke Kahu, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka hui PR PR a Monsanto i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld a me nā moʻoʻōlelo pilipili hoʻopunipuni e hōʻino ai i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kaiapuni i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huaʻai GM. Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot: 

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o kāna hana ʻana, nā pūnaewele GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekini huli pūnaewele e loiloi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe nā mea kākoʻo (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. '

ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi aku ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele ʻo Wow ua "hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo" i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana i ka pāʻani kūpono. ' ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele i hoʻokumu ʻia e [ka pilikino pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni ʻo Mary] Smetacek i kāna hoʻouka kaua. "

Attack ma Greenpeace: Kauka Fedoroff haiolelo ma kahi hanana paʻi 2016 no kahi hui e kāhea iā ia iho "Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision, "E hōʻike ana i kahi leka i kau inoa ʻia e nā luna Nobel he 100 a ʻoi aku e hōʻino ana iā Greenpeace no ko lākou kūʻē ʻana iā GMO. ʻO nā mea kōkua ʻoihana Agrichemical kōkua i ke kaua, e like me ka Luna Hoʻokaʻaʻike mua a Monsanto ʻO Jay Byrne; ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua ʻO Val Giddings; a ʻO Matt Winkler, ka mea nāna i kālā i ka Pāhana PR papahana Pāhana Helu Pono a helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he ka lālā o ka papa me Kauka Fedoroff ma ka pūnaewele pūnaewele. ʻO ka mana .com o ke kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia he kūʻokoʻa "Kākoʻo Precision Agriculture" hoʻohuli ʻia i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic no nā makahiki (ua kuhi ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia i ka 2019). I loko o nā leka uila mai 2011, Ua ʻike ʻo Byrne iā Greenpeace ma ka papa inoa "target" e hoʻomohala nei no Monsanto me nā inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e hiki iā lākou ke kūʻē mai hope o ka uhi o kahi pūʻulu aʻo hana kālā-ʻoihana ua kūʻokoʻa kēlā.

Nā Hoa o GMO Nā Pane: ʻO Kauka Fedoroff kahi ke kūkā kūʻokoʻa no nā pane GMO, a Hoʻolālā PR hoʻolaha ʻia e Ketchum pili lehulehu, ia mea a moʻolelo o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu. ʻOiai ʻo Ketchum i koi i ka neʻe ʻana o nā pane GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency," ka hui nā pane scripted no ka loea "kūʻokoʻa" a ua helu ʻia i waena o nā "hoa hana" ma Hoʻolālā PR ʻo Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai. A Ua kuhikuhi ka ʻāpana "nā kumuwaiwai" (ʻaoʻao 4) i nā GMO Answers a me nā loulou ʻo Monsanto e kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate i mea make kino." I ka 2016, Kauka Fedoroff i kamaʻilio ʻia ma kahi panela i kākoʻo ʻia e GMO Answers, Scientific American a me ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e pili ana i ka uhi pāpaho o ka ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i nā mea hana nūhou hana Keith Kloor a ʻO Tamar Haspel. E nānā “Hele mai ka mīkini ʻenekini ʻo Monsanto i Wakinekona, ”Na Paul Thacker.

ʻO ka noiʻi kūʻē e wehe i ka pilina ʻoihana-kālaiʻike

I ka 2015, ua kākoʻo ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a me ʻelua mau pelekikena ʻo AAAS ma mua, ʻo Peter Raven lāua ʻo Phillip Sharp, i kā lāua alakaʻi alakaʻi AAAS, akā ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i kekahi o kā lākou ʻoihana pili, i kahi Kahu op-ed Ke kūʻē nei i kahi hoʻokolokolo a ka lehulehu e ʻimi nei e wehe i ka pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā hoʻonohonoho kālā ma waena o nā hui mahiʻai, kā lākou mau hui PR a me nā polopola i kākoʻo lehulehu ʻia ʻO ka ninaninau ʻia e US Right to Know wehe i kekahi o nā palapala nui i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

ʻOiai ua hoʻohui hope ke kahu a ʻike hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke keʻena lobby OFW Law, ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ʻO kā OFW Law mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa ʻo ia ka hui kālepa ʻoihana mahiʻai, nona nā ʻoihana lālā i mea nui o ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā pelekikena o ka AAAS mua i kā lākou op-ed i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e wehe ai i nā hakakā ʻoihana-kālaiʻike i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o ka hoihoi ʻo "ke kiʻi nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ka puke pāʻani Climategate" a ua pili i ka "ʻepekema hōʻole," nā hoʻopiʻi like i hana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana PR i wehewehe ʻia i kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka AAAS e holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻoihana mahiʻai

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana o ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika no ka holomua o ka ʻepekema (AAAS) mai 2011-2012 a ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka Papa Hoʻokele mai 2012-2013, ua hana pū ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai e holomua i nā pahuhopu nui: mālama i nā genetically ʻenekini ʻai ʻole ʻia nā inoa ʻole a lanakila i kahi noi e ka US Environmental Protection Agency e koi ʻia i nā ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni o nā mea hana ʻenekini i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like me nā pesticides.

Ua kōkua ʻo AAAS e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe koho balota e kūʻē i ka lepili o GMO

I ka 2012, ua lawe ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o ka noho aliʻi o Kauka Fedoroff i kahi hana maʻamau i ke kūlana politika hakakā i loko o ʻelua mau pule wale nō ma mua o ka hele ʻana o ka poʻe koho balota ma Kaleponi i nā balota e hoʻoholo ai i ka Proposition 37, kahi hana balota e kapa inoa ai i nā GMO. ʻO kahi loiloi i nā ʻōlelo politika he nui i hana ʻia e AAAS ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ka hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohuli i nā poʻe koho balota ma mua o ke koho balota mokuʻāina. (ʻAʻole pane ka AAAS a me Kauka Fedoroff i nā noi no ka manaʻo. Hoʻolaha pū kekahi: ua hana nā luna hui o USRTK i ka hoʻolaha pro-labeling.)

ʻO ka papa AAAS's olelo kūʻēʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. ʻO ia loaʻa hewahewa, e like me ka lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka AAAS, kekahi o lākou hōʻino i ka ʻōlelo anti-lepili ma ke ʻano he "paternalistic" hoʻouka kaua i nā pono o nā mea kūʻai aku i alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu ma o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka pōʻaiapili ʻepekema koʻikoʻi. Ua haʻi kahi waha ʻōlelo ʻo AAAS i kēlā manawa, ʻo Ginger Pinholster, i nā loiloi he "kūpono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ua haʻi ʻo ia i kahi mea hōʻike Aia ʻo ia i loko o ka lumi i ka wā i hala ai ka papa i ka ʻōlelo: “ʻAʻole mākou he hui kākoʻo. Hana mākou i kā mākou mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā hōʻike ʻepekema, "wahi a Pinholster. "Hiki iaʻu ke haʻi iā ʻoe ʻaʻole ka hana a kā mākou ʻōlelo a i hoʻohuli ʻia e kekahi hui waho."

Ua hoʻomaopopo kekahi o nā mea nānā i ka like o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e ka AAAS a me ka hoʻouka kālā-ʻoihana e hoʻokahuli i ka Proposition 37. “Kūleʻa paha kahi hui ʻepekema nui no Monsanto?”Ua nīnau ʻo Michele Simon i loko o Grist. Ua wehewehe ʻo Simona i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa e like me "ʻaʻole ʻepekema akā kūpono loa," a ua ʻike ʻia ka hele pū me ka hoʻokuʻu paʻi a AAAS i loaʻa nā "kuhi kamaʻilio" i kūlike ʻole me No ma 37 puke paio.

"ʻO ka ʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ka maopopo he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema"

i ka 2013 leka i ka makasina ʻEpekema, ua hōʻike kekahi hui ʻepekema he 11 i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa AAAS e pili ana i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua kākau lākou, "hopohopo mākou i ke kūlana o AAA e hōʻike nei i kahi ala maikaʻi ʻole e pili i ka kamaʻilio ʻana i ka ʻepekema.  ʻo ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ke aniani moakaka he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema. ”

He kākoʻo mua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff no ka ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia ma No ma 37, nāna i helu iā ia ma kāna pūnaewele i ka mahina ʻo Iune 2012 ʻo ia kekahi o ʻepekema ʻehā e kū ana i ke "kaiāulu ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu" i kūʻē i ka lepili GMO. Ma hope ua noi ka huakaʻi iā Kauka Fedoroff e kōkua i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā mea ʻoihana i kā lākou kumu, āna i hana ai e like me ʻOkakopa 1, 2012 leka uila iā Meghan Callahan o BCF Public Affairs, "Ua hoʻouna wau i kāu [noi no nā mea kākoʻo kālaiʻike] i kahi hui honua o ka biotechnology e kākoʻo ana i nā kālaiʻike. Manaʻo wau e lohe ana ʻoe mai nā kihi o ka honua, "kākau ʻo Kauka Fedoroff.

Kōkua i ka make ʻana i ka ʻikepili no nā mea kanu pesticide

I ka 2011 ʻoiai ke pelekikena ʻo AAAS, ua hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kahi lobbyist ʻoihana e kāpae i ka US Environmental Protection Agency mai ke koi ʻana i nā ʻoihana e hāʻawi i ka ʻikepili hou aku no ke olakino a me nā palekana no nā mea i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineised e like me nā pesticides, e like me nā leka uila. i ho'ākāka ʻia ma lalo.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka noi EPA mai kahi kūkā kūkā ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻEPA e pili ana nā ala e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ka hiki i ka ʻoihana ke hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻolālā ʻenekene e hana a i ʻole loaʻa nā pesticides, ka mea a EPA i kuhikuhi ai ʻo "nā mea pale i hoʻohui ʻia i nā mea kanu" (PIPs). Ua noi ʻia nā lālā o ka paneli e loiloi i nā koi ʻikepili EPA o kēia manawa a noi ʻia no nā PIP ma nā ʻano aʻe:

  • ʻIkepili e nānā i nā like like ma waena o nā PIP a me nā mea āpau, nā mea ʻino, nā anti-nutrient a me nā proteins weliweli ʻē aʻe;
  • nā hoʻāʻo ʻana no nā hopena synergistic ma ke olakino a me nā meaola ʻole pahuhopu, ke hui ʻia ʻelua a ʻoi paha mau hiʻohiʻona GMO (stacked trait GMO);
  • nā hopena e hiki ke hopena i nā lāhui microbial i nā kaiaolaola o ka lepo; a
  • nā ʻikepili e kamaʻilio maikaʻi ai i nā hopena o ke kahe gen.

Wahi a nā memo mai kahi hālāwai EPA o ʻOkakopa 2009, ʻo nā lula i hāpai ʻia e "kālele ka hapanui i nā koi ʻikepili e kū nei e pili ana i kēlā me kēia manawa," a e hoʻopuni ʻia i ʻelima mau ʻikepili a me ka ʻike: ka huina huahana, ke olakino kanaka, nā hopena kū ʻole, ka hopena o ke kaiapuni a me ke kūʻē ʻana. hoʻokele. EPA kūkala i nā lula i hāpai ʻia i ka Federal Register ma Malaki 2011.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know ma o nā moʻohelu lehulehu e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻākoakoa ʻana o nā ʻohana āpau e kāpae i ka noi.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā kamaʻilio ma waena o Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi i kēlā manawa, ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto a me nā ʻelele ʻē aʻe e kūkākūkā ana i nā hana a me nā hālāwai e pili ana iā Dr. Fedoroff. Ua wehewehe ʻo Chassy iā ia iho i nā leka uila (palapala 66) ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻopili i waena o ka ʻoihana a me ka ʻepekema i ka hana e kūʻē i nā koina ʻikepili EPA. Ua nīnau ʻia i loko o kāna mau leka uila iā Sachs he mau nīnau e pili ana inā ua hoʻouna ʻo Monsanto i kahi kikoʻī i ke Kulanui o ʻIlioka Foundation no ke kākoʻo ʻana i kā Chassy "hana hoʻolaha biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo." (No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i loaʻa iā Chassy mai Monsanto no nā makahiki i kona hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology, e ʻike. e hōʻike nei na Monica Eng ma WBEZ a nā leka uila i kau ʻia e ka New York Times.)

Ma Iulai 5, ʻo Kauka Chassy leka uila iā Eric Sachs o Monsanto e hōʻike ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i leka iā EPA ma luna o kāna pūlima pūlima ʻia e 60 mau lālā o ka National Academy of Science. "Ua lālau maoli ʻo Nina i ka kinipōpō a neʻe i lalo i ke kahua," i kākau ai ʻo Chassy. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke noi a EPA ma ke ʻano he "moku nahā."

Hōʻike nā leka uila ma ʻAukake 19, nā ʻelele hui kālepa ʻoihana pūʻiwa a hauʻoli hoʻi (ʻaoʻao 19) e ʻike i kahi New York Times op-ed mai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā lula no ka ʻenekinia genetika; "Na wai i hoʻokau i kā Nina op?" Ua noi ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO iā Dr. Chassy a me ʻelua mau ʻohana ʻē aʻe ʻelua. ʻO Henry Miller a ʻO Val Giddings. Pane akula ʻo Chassy:

Ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Massey iā Kauka Chassy ka leka BIO i hoʻouna ʻia i ka EPA "me ka manaʻolana e kūkulu ma luna o ka leka a nā ʻāpana a me kahi pōkole pōkole no ka haʻalele ʻana o ka EPA i kēlā leka." ʻAʻole kūleʻa kā lākou hana e like me kā lākou i manaʻo ai. Ma ʻAukake 24, Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs (ʻaoʻao 14) ua loaʻa iā Kauka Fedoroff "kahi pane mai ka EPA he ʻōlelo hōʻino ia." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā hoʻolālā e hoʻopaʻa i ke kaomi.

 

I Kepakemapa, Chassy hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea kūkā kamaʻilio me Fedoroff, ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO a me kā lākou lobbyist ʻo Stanley Abramson, me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe. Wahi a Chassy's nā memo mai ke kāhea ʻana, "Ke loaʻa nei i kahi ala e hōʻoia ai i ka noi EPA ʻaʻole ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā ʻo ia ka hopena maikaʻi loa i hiki iā mākou ke manaʻolana. ʻO ka mea ʻoi loa e hōʻoia ʻo DOA ia, akā inā pono e pono mākou e hoʻomau i ka hakakā. "

Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia i ka pilikia, "ʻAʻole manaʻo ka EPA e hiki i ke kaiāulu kālaiʻike ke kau i ka kūʻē kūʻē i kā lākou hana ʻana i ka rula. manaʻo lākou he hapa liʻiliʻi wale nō ma hope o ka palapala noi a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kau inoa ʻaʻole paʻa i ka pilikia. " Ua hoʻoholo ka hui e pono lākou e "kūkulu i kumu o nā ʻepekema alakaʻi e makemake maoli nei e ʻōlelo a hāʻawi i ka manawa i kēia pilikia."

Ma ʻOkakopa, ua lana ka manaʻolana o ka hui. Chassy leka uila iā Sachs e hōʻike e pili ana i kahi hālāwai "kahaha kupaianaha" ʻo ia a me Dr. Fedoroff i hele pū me Steve Bradbury o EPA. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hui e Massey a me ka lobbyist ʻo Abramson. ʻO ka noi a EPA e koi i ka ʻikepili no GMO PIP ʻaʻole i ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā, e like me kā Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻepekema ma Consumers Union, i komo pū i nā hālāwai lehulehu me ka ʻoihana.

Nā kaulahao leka uila piha, ma o ka Hale Waihona Palapala ʻĀina ʻo UCSF:

Pili hōʻike 

"Ua pāpā ʻia au mai kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou Nobel Laureate Press e kahi mea kūkākūkā PR me Monsanto Ties, "Na Tim Schwab, Nānā Mea ʻai & Wai (2016)

"Nā Puppetmasters o Academia, "Na Jonathan Latham, PhD, Independent Science News (2015)

"20 mau makahiki ma hope mai: ke hele nei ke koa brotade biotech, ”Pūnaewele Hana Pesticide (2012)

"ʻO wai ka hana 'enekinia no wai? " na Marcia Ishii-Eitemann, PhD, ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Pesticide Action Network North America (2011)

"E kala mai, NY Times: ʻaʻole e hoʻopakele nā ​​GMO i ka honua, ”Na Anna Lappe, Grist (2011)

"I loko o ia mea e hele ai au i ka manamana wāwae me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a H. Clinton ma luna o GMO, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2009)

"Palapala Hoʻololi Hoʻololi Genetically: US Kulekele ʻĀina GMO Ma Ke Ala āpau, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2008)

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

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e pili pū ana: Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila, na Stacy Malkan

Hōʻike kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i nā ʻike o Monsanto pelekikena pilikino pili pilikino e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo ka hui o nā loea o ka honua ma ka papa IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻonohonoho ka Monsanto i nā inoa ʻoi aku ma kahi o ʻumikūmālua mau "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna o ka ʻoihana e "hoʻomaopopo / inoculate / komo" i kā lākou mau hana e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi uhi no nā keʻena hoʻokele. " Hoʻopili nā hoa i nā kālaihana e like me nā hui kemika a me nā ʻoihana mua, nā hui kālepa a me nā hui lobby - e hāhai i nā loulou i lalo i nā pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāʻawi i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hui hoa.

Hoʻolako pū kēia mau pepa pono i kahinse o ka hohonu a me ka laulā o ka corporaʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka poʻe akamai i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i ka lanakila ʻananse o Mlāʻau make-ʻona ʻo Onsanto.

Nā pahuhopu a Monsanto no ka hana ʻana me ka helu ʻana o ka carcinogenicity IARC no glyphosate (ʻaoʻao 5).

kāʻei kua

ʻO kahi palapala nui i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2017 i kaʻina kānāwai Ke kūʻē nei ʻo Monsanto i ka “mākaukau a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻoweliweli” a ka ʻoihana no ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no glyphosate ʻo ka mahiʻai pono loa. ʻO ka palapala Monsanto kūloko - i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 23, 2015 - hāʻawi i nā limahana he nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau limahana o Monsanto i nā pahuhopu e pili ana i ka “neenee i ka hopena o ka hoʻoholo ʻana,” “ka hoʻokele hoʻokonukonu,” “e hōʻoia iā MON POV” a me ka “leo alakaʻi i loko ʻo wai ʻo IARC a me ka huhū 2B. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, ua hoʻolaha ʻo IARC i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka. "

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike: “Pehea i hana ai ʻo Monsanto i ka huhū ma ka Classical Cancer Classification i manaʻo ʻia,”Na Carey Gillam, Huffington Post (9/19/2017)

ʻO Monsanto's Tier 1-4 "ʻOihana Hana"

ʻAoʻao 5 o ka palapala Monsanto hōʻike i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna hoʻokō ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna papahana hoʻomākaukau IARC. Loaʻa ka laulā a me ka hopena o kēia mau pūʻulu i ka hoʻokau ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pale ai i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana 1 kahi lobby-ʻohana kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia a me nā hui PR.

ʻO nā hoa hana ʻoihana 2 kahi hui mua i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, akā hana pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o nā hanana i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana 3 ʻoihana ka ʻoihana-ʻai kālā kālā kālā ʻole a me nā hui kālepa. Ua kālele ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu iā, "ʻO nā hui meaʻai Alert ma o ka hui ʻo Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) no ka 'inoculation strategy' e hoʻolako i ka ʻike mua i nā pae koena glyphosate, e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā kuhiakau i kipaku ʻia e ka papahana. panela.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻehā ʻo “nā hui a ka mea ulu nui.” ʻO kēia nā hui kālepa like ʻole e kū ana i ke kō, ka soy a me nā mea ulu ʻenehana a me nā mea hana meaʻai.

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē ʻana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma glyphosate

Ua wehewehe ka palapala PR a Monsanto i kā lākou manaʻo e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orchestrate outcry with the IARC decision."

Pehea e pāʻani ai i waho e hiki ai ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kākau a ka hoa ʻoihana nā hui i hoʻohana i nā leka maʻamau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka hana hewa ʻole a hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema i hana ma ka hōʻike glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā laʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project. Ke koi nei kēia hui he kumu kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema, akā naʻe. nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know show hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā mau hana like. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jon Entine i ka hui ma 2011 ke lilo ʻo Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. ʻO kahi taktika hui mua mua kēia; ke neʻe nei i ka leka ʻana o kahi hui ma o kahi hui e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Hōʻike ka manaʻo iā Sense About Science e "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana"

Kūkākūkā ka palapala PR a Monsanto i nā hoʻolālā e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orctrate outcry with the IARC decision." Hōʻike ka papahana i ka hui Sense About Science (i nā paʻa me kahi māka nīnau) no "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana a hāʻawi i ka pae no nā mea nānā IARC a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

ʻO Sense About Science kahi aloha lehulehu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ladana kēlā kiki ana i paipai i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo ka hui “ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana ʻae i ka ʻae ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha, "I hōʻike ʻo Liza Gross ma The Intercept. I ka 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science i kahi mana US ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a  ʻO Trevor Butterworth, kahi mea kākau me ka moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka ʻae ʻole ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i nā kinikini ʻona.

Pili ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, he ʻoihana ʻepekema PR ma Ladana e loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana a ʻike ʻia no e hoʻokuke nei i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema. He mea kākau moʻolelo me pili pili loa i ka Science Media Center, ʻO Kate Kelland, i paʻi i kekahi mau ʻatikala ma Reuters e loiloi ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i hoʻokumu ʻia nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a kūpono ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana. Ua hoʻolaha nui ʻia nā ʻatikala Reuters e nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo “Monsanto” a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka kumu no hoʻouka politika kūʻē iā IARC.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters," ʻLelo ʻo IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Hoʻolālā ʻo Reuters 'Aaron Blair IARC moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Wahi a Reuters i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o IARC "hoʻoponopono ʻia" he wahaheʻe pū kekahi ia, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ke hoʻopili nei nā pilina ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema?" ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana (7 / 24 / 2017)

"Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller"

Kuhi ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka Monsanto PR palapala i ka lawe waho mua no ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻomākaukau: "E hoʻopili iā Henry Miller" e "hoʻokomo / hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC a me nā loiloi."

"Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoo kiʻekiʻe."

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology a ka FDA, he moʻolelo lōʻihi i kākauʻia o ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui e pale aku i nā huahana weliweli. Kuhi ka papahana Monsanto i ka "MON nona" o ka hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Eric Sachs, ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me ke alakaʻi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā Monsanto.

Nā palapala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times hōʻike i kēlā Sachs leka uila iā Miller hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate e nīnau ai inā makemake ʻo Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka "hoʻoholo kūʻē." Pane maila ʻo Miller, "Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe." Ma Malaki 23, Miller kau ʻia kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes i "aniani nui" i ka hoʻolālā i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto, e like me ka Times. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Forbes i kona pilina me Miller i ke ala ʻana o ka hana ʻino a me ka holoi i kāna mau ʻatikala mai ka pūnaewele.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ʻOiai ʻo ka inoa ʻo Monsanto PR ʻaʻole inoa ka Hui Kālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka hui (ACSH) i waena o kāna mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana," nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto Ua uku kālā ʻia i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a noi aku i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike Glyphosate IARC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu nā luna o Monsanto e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me ACSH akā pēlā nō no ka mea, "ʻaʻohe nui o kā mākou poʻe kākoʻo a hiki ʻole ke lilo i kekahi mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou."

Ua kākau ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein i kāna mau hoa, "Hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe ʻaʻole wau a pau i ka maka e pili ana i ka ACSH Ua hoʻouna ʻo Goldstein i nā loulou i nā hanana ACSH he nui e hāpai a pale ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL."

E nānā i kekahi: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Agrichemical 

E hāhai i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kālaiʻike ma mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa nā palapala USRTK i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika mālama ʻia e UCSF.

ʻO kā Geoffrey Kabat mau pilina me ka paka a me nā hui ʻenehana

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ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, PhD, he epidemiologist maʻi ʻaʻai a mea kākau o ʻelua puke ke hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei i kēlā mau pilikia olakino o nā pesticides, nā māla electromagnetic, ka uahi paka paka a me nā hōʻike ākea ʻē aʻe he "hoʻokahakaha nui loa. ” Ua ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ʻo ia ma ka nūpepa ma ke ʻano he loea kūʻokoʻa i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. ʻO nā mea hōʻike e hoʻohana iā Kauka Kabat ma ke ʻano he kumu pono e makaʻala (a hōʻike) i kona pili lōʻihi i ka ʻoihana paka a me ke komo pū ʻana me nā hui e hui pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma PR a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

Alakaʻi pūʻulu mua a me kākāʻōlelo

He lālā ʻo Kauka Kabat i ka luna papa o ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema, ka hui makua o ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi e hana nei ma hope o nā hanana me Monsanto e paipai a pale i nā huahana mahiʻai. ʻO Kauka Kabat kekahi lālā o ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui i loaʻa kālā mai nā hui kemika, paka a me nā mea lapaʻau.

Ua launa pū ʻia ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project a me ACSH me Monsanto ma kahi pāʻina pili lehulehu e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) no kāna hōʻike i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup herbicide, he carcinogen kanaka paha ia. Wahi a nā palapala i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana:

  • ʻO kahi hoʻolālā PR Monsanto (Pepeluali 2015) i kapa ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" Ua hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e hana i kāna mau hana e "hoʻokau i ka hopena" o ka hōʻike IARC. ʻO nā pahuhopu o kā Monsanto hoʻolālā e "pale i ka kaulana a me ka FTO o Roundup" a me ka "hāʻawi i ka uhi no nā ʻoihana hoʻoponopono ..." Ua kau ʻo GLP ma mua o 200 mau ʻatikala e pili ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai.
  • Nā leka uila mai Pepeluali 2015 e hōʻike i ke kālā a Monsanto iā ACSH i kahi manawa hoʻomau a hiki i ka hāʻawi ʻana iā ACSH i ka "piha piha" o ka ʻike ʻo Monsanto e pili ana i ka hōʻike IARC ma glyphosate. Ma nā leka uila, ua kūkākūkā nā limahana o Monsanto i ka pono o nā mea a ACSH e pili ana i nā pesticides, a ua kākau kekahi, "ʻAʻole ʻoe e loaʻa i kahi waiwai maikaʻi aʻe no kāu DOLLAR ma mua o ACSH." (Kākoʻo ma ke kumu)
  • Ua haʻi aku nā limahana o ka ACSH iā Monsanto ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate ma kā lākou radar, a ua ʻōlelo ʻia, "Aia mākou i loko o kahi pā kaomi piha piha: IARC, e pili ana i nā ag-chemicals, DINP [phthalate] a me nā pauahi diesel."

Ua hoʻohana kēia mau pūʻulu i nā leka like e hoʻouka i ka poʻe noiʻi maʻi maʻi ʻo IARC ma ke ʻano he "hoʻopunipuni ʻepekema"A me"enviros anti-kemika"ʻO wai i" wahaheʻe "a me"kipi e kuhi hewa”Ka ʻepekema ma glyphosate. Ua ʻōlelo lākou iā Kauka Kabat ma ke ʻano he kumu kumu no nā koi e "hoʻowahāwahā ʻia" ʻo IARC a me "nā enviro-fanatics wale nō"E hoʻolohe i nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka makaʻu maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Kabat "aia nō ʻaʻohe aʻo hou hiki iā mākou ke hana e hōʻike i ka palekana o ka glyphosate, ”ma muli o ka ninaninau me kahi loea inoa inoa ʻole.

Ke hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai

ʻO kekahi hiʻohiʻona e pili ana i ke kōkua ʻana o Kauka Kabat i nā hui e pili ana iā Monsanto i kāna mau hana e hōʻino i kahi hui ʻepekema ʻē aʻe i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pili ana i ka glyphosate i ka Pepeluali 2019. kālailai-meta. ʻO ka meta-analysis, i kākau ʻia e ʻekolu mau ʻepekema i kī ʻia e EPA e lawelawe i ke kōmike aʻoaʻo ʻepekema loea ma glyphosate, i hōʻike ʻia e pili ana i nā "pilina koʻikoʻi" ma waena o nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā gicphosate-based herbicides a me ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka makaʻu o ka lymphoma non Hodgkin.

Ua kāwili ʻo Kauka Kabat i ka hoʻopukapuka i kahi ʻatikala i paʻi mua ʻia ma Forbes akā ma hope weheʻia ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā hoʻopiʻi a nā luna hoʻoponopono Forbes e pili ana i ka hōʻike ʻole o Kabat e pili ana i kāna pili iā ACSH. I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i ka pilikia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Forbes ua huki ʻia ka ʻatikala no ka mea ua haki ia i nā kūlana ʻo Forbes a ʻaʻole ʻo Kabat e lilo i mea kōkua iā Forbes.

ʻO Kauka Kabat's holoi ʻia Forbes ʻatikala hiki ke lilo heluhelu ma Science 2.0, a pūnaewele i holo ʻia e ka luna mua o ACSH, a ʻike ʻia kahi mana ma Genetic Literacy Project. Ua hoʻolaha ʻo GLP Executive Director Jon Entine i ka ʻatikala a Kauka Kabat me nā manaʻo e hana paha nā ʻepekema “hoʻopunipuni hoʻāʻo. "

 
ʻO tweet ʻo Jon EntineHoʻopili pū ʻia ʻo Entine me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino. I ka 2011, ʻoiai ʻo ia loaʻa kālā mai Syngenta, ACSH paʻi ʻia ka puke a Entine pale aku i ka atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta.

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana o ka ʻoihana ma IARC, e ʻike:

ʻO kā Kauka Kabat mau pilina paʻa loa

Ua paʻi ʻo Kauka Kabat i mau pepa i makemake nui ʻia i ka ʻoihana paka i uku kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana paka. ʻO ia a me kāna mea kākau i kekahi o kēlā mau pepa, ʻo James Enstrom (he kahu waiwai o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika o ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino), pili lōʻihi i ka ʻoihana paka, e like me ka pepa 2005 ma ka BMJ Kāohi Paka.

I kahi 2003 i ʻōlelo nui ʻia pepa i ka BMJ, ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kabat a me Enstrom ʻaʻole e hoʻonui ka uahi lua i ka makaʻu o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai. Ua kākoʻo ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma kahi ʻāpana e ka Center for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), kahi hui ʻoihana paka. ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻia kēlā kālā, kahi loiloi ukali ma BMJ Pākaʻi Paka ua hōʻike aku i nā hoʻolaha i hāʻawi ʻia e Kabat a me Enstrom, ʻoiai ua kūleʻa lāua i nā kūlana o ka puke pai, “ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka mea heluhelu i ke kiʻi piha o ka pili ʻana o ka ʻoihana paka me nā mea kākau noiʻi. Hōʻike nā palapala ʻoihana paka i ka lōʻihi o ke kū kālā o nā mea kākau a me nā pilina hana ʻē aʻe me ka ʻoihana paka. " 

Ua kūʻē ʻo Enstrom i kēia mau koi ma a ʻO ka ʻatikala 2007 ma Epidemiological Perspectives a me ka Innovation, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei i kāna kālā a me nā hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū i mōakāka a wehewehe pono ʻia i ka pepa 2003 BMJ, a ʻaʻole pili ka kālā ʻoihana paka i kāna noiʻi. "I kēia lā, ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia kahi kūpono ʻole, bias a haʻalele paha i ke kaʻina loiloi a ʻaʻohe hewa i nā hopena i ʻike ʻia i loko o ka pepa," wahi a Enstrom. ʻAʻole pāpā ʻia ke Kulanui o Kaleponi i ke kālā ʻoihana paka i nā kānaka noiʻi akā hana i kēia manawa pāpā i nā mea noiʻi mai ka noi kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana paka.

ʻO nā pilina kālā i ka ʻoihana paka i hōʻike ʻia i loko o ka pepa kālele BMJ ʻO ka paka: 

Source: https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/14/2/118

I ka 2019, kahi hulina no ʻO Geoffrey Kabat ma ka Palapala ʻOihana Uikeke UCSF lawe mai i 800 mau palapala, me a ʻO ka invoice 2007 iā Phillip Morris no ma kahi o $ 20,000 no "ke kūkākūkā ʻana i nā hopena olakino o nā uahi paka hakahaka" i hōʻaiʻē ʻia ma $ 350 i hoʻokahi hola.

Ma 2008, ua paʻi ʻo Kabat lāua ʻo Enstrom a pepa i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Phillip Morris e hōʻike ana ua hōʻike ʻia nā loiloi mua i ka ikaika o ka hui ma waena o ka uahi paka a me nā maʻi puʻuwau coronary.

I ka 2012, ua kākau pū ʻo Kauka Kabat a pepa ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā kūpaka mentholated ʻaʻole ia he mea kōkua nui i ka maʻi ʻaʻai esophageal. No kēlā pepa, ua hoʻolaha ʻo Kauka Kabat ua "lawelawe ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā i kahi loio loio a me kahi ʻaha kūkā kūkā nūhou e pili ana i nā hopena olakino o nā kūpaka menthol."

No ka ʻike hou aku mai ka US Right to Know e pili ana i nā hui i mua a me nā kālaiʻike me nā pili i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea kemika, e ʻike i kā mākou ʻOihana Pesticide ʻoihana Propaganda Tracker.