Imibhalo emisha yeMonsanto idalula ukuxhumana okuthokomele nentatheli yeReuters

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Besazi ngemibhalo esivele ikhishwe ukuthi intatheli yeReuters uKate Kelland ubeyisixhumanisi esiyinhloko seMonsanto emzameni wayo wokubukela phansi nokuhlambalaza ososayensi beWorld Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ababeka i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen engaba khona ngo-2015. unobufakazi obengeziwe bokuqina kokuxhumeka.

UKelland akazange abhale nje kuphela udaba lwango-2017 uMonsanto amcela ukuba alubhale ngqo ngendlela umphathi we-Monsanto uSam Murphey amcele ngayo ukuba ayibhale, (ngaphandle kokudalula kubafundi ukuthi uMonsanto wayengumthombo,) kepha manje sibona ubufakazi bokuthi uhlaka Indaba ehlukile uKelland ayenzile mayelana ne-glyphosate kwaba zilethwe eMonsanto  ngaphambi kokuthi ushicilelwe, umkhuba ovame ukubukelwa phansi yizikhungo zezindaba.

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi indaba ebhalwe nguKelland yathunyelwa nge-imeyili kuMurphey enesihloko esithi “Uhlaka lwami, oluyimfihlo.”

Indaba, eyayinesihloko esithi "Ucwaningo olusha ngombulali wokhula waseMonsanto ukuze angene kuvoti elibalulekile le-EU," yayimayelana nokutholwa kokuqala kocwaningo olungashicilelwanga ngusosayensi wase-Italiya olukhombisa ukuthi amagundane okuhlola avezwe ku-glyphosate emazingeni alingana nalezo ezivunyelwe kubantu awakhombisanga kubi kwasekuqaleni ukusabela. Uhlobo lokugcina ishicilelwe ngo-Ephreli 13, i-2017.

Futhi enye i-imeyili esanda kukhishwa Imininingwane yokuthi izigxivizo zeminwe zikaMonsanto zazingenani ezinye izindaba ezimbili zaseKelland. I-imeyili kaMashi 1, 2016 ikhuluma ngokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto Umkhankaso we- "Red Flag"  endabeni esivele ishicilelwe yeReuters eyayigxeka i-IARC kanye nesifiso sokuthonya indaba yesibili efanayo iReuters yayihlela. IRed Flag yinkampani ese-Dublin-based PR kanye ne-lobbying firm esebenza ukuvikela ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate futhi ikhuthaze imiyalezo ye-pro-glyphosate ngokusebenzisa abantu besithathu njengamaqembu abalimi.

Ngokwe-imeyili eyakhiwe kabusha, "kulandela ukubandakanyeka kweRed Flag ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezedlule, ucezu lokuqala lwalugxeka kakhulu i-IARC." I-imeyili iyaqhubeka: “Ungase futhi wazi ukuthi iRed Flag iyaxhumana neReuters mayelana nombiko wesibili ochungechungeni…”

Isikhathi esingaphezu kwenyanga kamuva, abakwaReuters bashicilela indaba kaKelland "Umbiko Okhethekile: Indlela i-World Health Organisation agency yomdlavuza edida ngayo abathengi." 

Lezo zambulo zilandela ukuvezwa ekuqaleni konyaka wezincwadi ze-imeyili ezichaza ukuthi uKelland wasiza kanjani uMonsanto ukuba aqhube indaba engamanga ngososayensi womdlavuza u-Aaron Blair endimeni yakhe njengenhloko yeqembu elisebenzayo le-IARC elahlukanisa i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen engenzeka. Ku-ternal Monsanto izincwadi yangomhla ka-Ephreli 27, 2017 ikhombisa ukuthi isikhulu esiphezulu seMonsanto uSam Murphey sathumela ukulandisa kwenkampani kuKelland nge indawo yesilayidi yamaphuzu okukhuluma nezingxenye zokufakwa kukaBlair ezingafakwanga enkantolo.

NgoJuni 14, 2017, uKelland wabhala indaba enempikiswano ngokususelwa kulokho athe “yimibhalo yasenkantolo,” lokho empeleni kwakuyimibhalo ayiphiwa nguMurphey. Ngoba imibhalo uKelland akhulume ngayo ayifakwanga ngempela enkantolo ibingatholakali esidlangalaleni ukuze ihlolwe amaqiniso ngabafundi. Ngokufaka ngamanga imininingwane ngokuthi isuselwa kumadokhumende asenkantolo wayegwema ukudalula iqhaza likaMonsanto ekuqhubeni le ndaba.

Lapho le ndaba iphuma, iveze uBlair njengokufihla "imininingwane ebalulekile" engatholi ukuxhumana phakathi kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza ovela e-IARC. UKelland ubhale ukuthi ukufakwa kwemali kukhombisile ukuthi uBlair "uthe imininingwane ibizoguqula ukuhlaziywa kwe-IARC" noma ngabe ukubuyekezwa ukubekwa kwangempela kukhombisa ukuthi uBlair akashongo lokho.

UKelland akazange axhumanise nemibhalo ayikhombile, okwenza abafundi bangakwazi ukuzibona ukuthi uphambuke kangakanani ekunembeni.

Indaba yathathwa yimithombo yezindaba emhlabeni jikelele, futhi kukhuthazwe yiMonsanto kanye nabalingani bemboni yamakhemikhali. Izikhangiso zeGoogle zaze zathengwa zaphakamisa le ndaba. Le ndaba iphinde yasetshenziswa yiMonsanto ukuhlasela i-IARC ezingxenyeni eziningi, kufaka phakathi umzamo weMonsanto ukwenza iCongress ihlwithe imali kusuka ku-IARC.

Akukho lutho olungalungile ngokwemvelo ekwamukeleni iziphakamiso zezindaba ezizuzisa izinkampani ezivela ezinkampanini uqobo. Kwenzeka ngaso sonke isikhathi. Kepha izintatheli kumele zikhuthalele ukwethula amaqiniso, hhayi inkulumo-ze yenkampani.

Umhleli weReuters uMike Williams uvikele umsebenzi kaKelland futhi wenqabile ukukhipha ukucaciswa noma ukulungiswa kocezu luka-Aaron Blair. Uthe "Bekungucucu omkhulu, futhi ngimi eduze kwawo ngokuphelele." Umhleli “wezokuziphatha” wakwaReuters u-Alix Freedman naye uyayisekela indaba kaKelland kaBlair, yize kunobufakazi bokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto nokungadalulwa kwalokhu kubandakanyeka kubafundi. "Siyaziqhenya ngakho futhi simi ngemuva," kusho uFreedman nge-imeyili.

Ngokwami, ngichithe iminyaka eyi-17 ngiyintatheli eReuters ngifaka iMonsanto futhi ngishaqekile ngalokhu kwephulwa kwezindinganiso zobuntatheli. Kuyaphawuleka ikakhulukazi ukuthi u-Alix Freedman ungumuntu ofanayo ongitshele ukuthi angivunyelwe ukubhala ngezifundo eziningi ezizimele zesayensi ye-glyphosate kaMonsanto ekhombisa imiphumela emibi.

Okungenani, uKelland bekufanele athembeke kubafundi futhi avume ukuthi iMonsanto yayingumthombo wakhe - kuleyo ndaba, futhi ngokusobala abanye abaningi. AbakwaReuters bakweleta umhlaba - ne-IARC - ukuxolisa.

Ngemininingwane engaphezulu ngalesi sihloko, bona lo mbhalo.

 

IMonsanto Ithembele Kulaba "Ozakwethu" Ukuhlasela Ososayensi Abaphezulu Bomdlavuza

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Related: Imibhalo Eyimfihlo Idalula Impi kaMonsanto Ngososayensi Bomdlavuza, nguStacy Malkan

Leli phepha lichaza okuqukethwe yiMonsanto uhlelo oluyimfihlo lokuxhumana nomphakathi ukudicilela phansi igama lophiko locwaningo lomdlavuza lwe-World Health Organisation, i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ngenhloso yokuvikela isithunzi seRoundup weedkiller. NgoMashi 2015, iqembu lomhlaba wonke lochwepheshe kuphaneli ye-IARC lahlulela i-glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko kuRoundup, ukuthi ibe mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic kubantu.

Uhlelo lweMonsanto lubiza amagama angaphezu kweshumi nambili amaqembu "abalingani bezimboni" abaphathi benkampani abakuhlele "ukwazisa / ukugoma / ukubandakanya" emizamweni yabo yokuvikela isithunzi seRoundup, ukuvimbela izimangalo zomdlavuza "ezingenasisekelo" ekubeni umbono odumile, futhi "zinikeze ikhava yezinhlaka ezilawulayo. ” Ozakwethu bahlanganisa izifundiswa kanye namaqembu aphambili embonini yamakhemikhali nezokudla, amaqembu ezohwebo kanye namaqembu okubungaza - landela izixhumanisi ezingezansi kumashidi eqiniso anikeza imininingwane eminingi ngamaqembu ophathina.

Ngokubambisana la maphepha emininingwane ahlinzeka ngesense yokujula nobubanzi be-corporaukuhlaselwa kochwepheshe bomdlavuza we-IARC ngokwehlulwanse kaMi-onsanto edayisa kakhulu i-herbicide.

Izinhloso zikaMonsanto zokubhekana nesilinganiso se-IARC se-carcinogenicity se-glyphosate (ikhasi 5).

Background

Umbhalo osemqoka okhishwe ngo-2017 ngo izinqubo zomthetho ngokumelene neMonsanto kuchaza “uhlelo lokulungela nokuzibandakanya” kwenkampani ekuhlelweni komdlavuza we-IARC we-glyphosate, umhlaba isetshenziswa kakhulu kwezolimo. I- idokhumenti yangaphakathi yeMonsanto - yangomhla kaFebhuwari 23, 2015 - yabela abasebenzi abangaphezu kwama-20 beMonsanto ezinhlosweni ezibandakanya "ukunciphisa umthelela wesinqumo," "ukufinyelela komlawuli," "ukuqinisekisa iMON POV" kanye "nokuhola izwi 'kubani i-IARC' kanye ne-2B intukuthelo." NgoMashi 20, 2015, i-IARC yamemezela isinqumo sayo sokuhlukanisa i-glyphosate njenge-Group 2A carcinogen, "mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic kubantu. "

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane, bheka: “Ukulungiswa Kanjani KweMonsanto Ekuhlukanisweni Komdlavuza Wamakhemikhali Okulindelekile,”NguCarey Gillam, uHuffington Post (9/19/2017)

Isigaba 1-4 seMonsanto “Abalingani Bemboni”

Ikhasi 5 le- umbhalo weMonsanto ikhomba izingxenye ezine “zabalingani bemboni” abaphathi beMonsanto abebehlele ukuzibandakanya nohlelo lwayo lwe-IARC lokuzilungiselela. La maqembu ehlangene anokufinyelela okubanzi nomthelela ekuphusheni ukulandisa ngengozi yomdlavuza evikela inzuzo yezinkampani.

Umlingani womkhakha weTier 1 angama-lobby axhaswa ngezimboni kanye namaqembu e-PR.

Abalingani bezimboni zeTier 2 bangamaqembu angaphambili avame ukukhonjwa njengemithombo ezimele, kepha basebenza nemboni yamakhemikhali ekusithekeni kobudlelwano bomphakathi nemikhankaso yokunxenxa.

Abalingani bemboni engu-Tier 3 bangamaqembu ezingenzi-nzuzo axhaswe izimboni zokudla. Lawa maqembu athakanyiswe kokuthi, “Xwayisa izinkampani zokudla ngethimba le-Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) 'ngecebo lokutholwa' lokuhlinzeka ngemfundo yokuqala ngamazinga ezinsalela ze-glyphosate, chaza izifundo ezenzelwe isayensi uma kuqhathaniswa nemibono eqhutshwa yi-ajenda” yomdlavuza ozimele iphaneli.

Umlingani womkhakha we-Tier 4 "yizinhlangano zabakhiqizi abakhulu." Lawa ngamaqembu ezohwebo ahlukahlukene amele ummbila, isoya nabanye abatshali bezimboni nabakhiqizi bokudla.

Ukuhlela ukukhala ngokumelene nombiko womdlavuza ku-glyphosate

Umbhalo kaMonsanto we-PR uchaze izinhlelo zabo zokwenza izindlela zokuxhumana ezinamandla nezokuxhumana ukuze "kulungiswe ukukhala ngesinqumo se-IARC."

Ukuthi lokho kudlalwe kanjani kungabonakala emibhalweni yozakwethu embonini amaqembu abesebenzisa imiyalezo ejwayelekile nemithombo ukusola i-ejensi yocwaningo lomdlavuza ngokungalungile nokuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi abasebenza embikweni we-glyphosate.

Izibonelo zemiyalezo yokuhlasela zingabonakala kuwebhusayithi yeProjekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project. Leli qembu lithi lingumthombo ozimele wesayensi, kepha, imibhalo etholwe ngumbukiso wase-US Right to Know ukuthi i-Genetic Literacy Project isebenza neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR ngaphandle kokudalula lokho kusebenzisana. UJon Entine wethule leli qembu e2011 ngenkathi uMonsanto eyiklayenti lenkampani yakhe ye-PR. Lena iqhinga lakudala leqembu langaphambili; ukuhambisa imiyalezo yenkampani ngeqembu elithi lizimele kepha akunjalo.

Uhlelo lucebisa i-Sense About Science ukuthi "ihole ukuphendula kwemboni"

Umbhalo kaMonsanto we-PR ukhuluma ngezinhlelo zokwenza izindlela zokuxhumana ezinamandla nezokuxhumana ukuze "kuqondiswe ukukhala ngesinqumo se-IARC." Lolu hlelo luphakamisa iqembu i-Sense About Science (kubakaki abanophawu lombuzo) ukuthi "liholele ekuphenduleni kwemboni futhi linikeze inkundla yezingqapheli ze-IARC nokhulumela imboni."

I-Sense About Science iyisiza somphakathi esizinze eLondon lokho kuthiwa kuthuthukisa ukuqonda komphakathi ngesayensi, kodwa iqembu "laziwa ngokuthatha izikhundla buck ukuvumelana kwesayensi noma ukuchitha ubufakazi obuvelayo bokulimala, ”Kubika uLiza Gross ku-The Intercept. Ngo-2014, iSense About Science yethule inguqulo yase-US ngaphansi kokuqondiswa kwe-  UTrevor Butterworth, umbhali onomlando omude wokungavumelani naye isayensi ephakamisa ukukhathazeka ngempilo ngamakhemikhali anobuthi.

I-Sense About Science ihlobene ne- Isayensi Media Center, isayensi PR agency eLondon ethola uxhaso lwezinkampani futhi yaziwa nge ukugcizelela imibono yenkampani yesayensi. Intatheli ephethe sisondelene neSayensi Media Center, UKate Kelland, ushicilele izindatshana eziningana kwiReuters ezigxeka i-ejensi yomdlavuza ye-IARC eyayisekelwe kuyo izindaba ezingamanga futhi ukubika okungaphelele okungaphelele. Izindatshana zeReuters zithuthukiswe kakhulu ngamaqembu kaMonsanto “abalingani bemboni” futhi zasetshenziswa njenge isisekelo se ukuhlaselwa kwezepolitiki ngokumelene ne-IARC.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

  • "I-IARC iyazenqaba izimangalo ezingamanga ku-Reuters," Isitatimende se-IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Indaba ka-Reuters ka-Aaron Blair IARC ikhuthaza ukulandisa okungamanga, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Isimangalo seReuters sokuthi i-IARC "ihlele kahle" okutholakele nakho kungamanga, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ngabe izibopho zezinkampani zinomthelela ekusetshenzisweni kwesayensi?" Ukulunga nokunemba ekubikeni (7 / 24 / 2017)

“Bandakanya uHenry Miller”

Ikhasi 2 lombhalo weMonsanto PR likhomba okwokuqala okulethwa ukuhlelela nokulungiselela: "Bandakanya uHenry Miller" "ukugoma / ukusungula umbono womphakathi nge-IARC nezibuyekezo."

"Ngingathanda uma ngingaqala ngokusalungiswa okuseqophelweni eliphezulu."

UHenry I. Miller, MD, osebenza naye eHoover Institution kanye nomqondisi osungula iHhovisi Le-Biotechnology le-FDA, une umlando omude oqoshiwe wokusebenzisana nezinkampani ukuvikela imikhiqizo enobungozi. Uhlelo lweMonsanto lukhomba “umnikazi we-MON” womsebenzi njengo-Eric Sachs, isayensi, ubuchwepheshe nobuchwepheshe beMonsanto.

Imibhalo kamuva kubika iThe New York Times kwembule lokho amaSachs uthumele i-imeyili uMiller kusasele isonto ngaphambi kombiko we-IARC glyphosate ukubuza ukuthi ngabe uMiller wayenesifiso sokubhala "ngalesi sinqumo esiyimpikiswano." UMiller uphendule wathi, "Ngingathanda uma ngingaqala ngidalelwe ubuciko obusezingeni eliphezulu." Ngo-Mashi 23, uMiller uthumele isihloko kuForbes "okubonakala kakhulu" okusalungiswa okuhlinzekwe nguMonsanto, ngokusho kwe Times. IForbes inqamule ubudlelwano bayo noMiller ngemuva kwesigameko sokubhala ngezipoki futhi ususe izindatshana zakhe kusuka kusayithi.

Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo 

Yize umqulu weMonsanto PR ungazange uqambe igama le- umkhandlu waseMelika oxhaswe ngezinkampani weSayensi nezeMpilo (ACSH) phakathi "kwabalingani bayo bezimboni," ama-imeyili akhishwe nge-litigation show ukuthi iMonsanto uxhase uMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo futhi wacela iqembu ukuthi libhale ngombiko we-IARC glyphosate. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi abaphathi beMonsanto bebengakhululekile ngokusebenzisana ne-ACSH kodwa benze njalo noma kunjalo ngoba, "asinabo abalandeli abaningi futhi asikwazi ukulahlekelwa yilabo abambalwa esinabo."

Umholi wesayensi ephezulu kaMonsanto uDaniel Goldstein ubhalele ozakwabo ukuthi, “Ngingakuqinisekisa ukuthi anginabo bonke abantu abanenkanyezi nge-ACSH- banenqwaba yezinsumpa- kodwa: NGEKE UTHOLE UKUBALULEKA OKUNGCONO KWEDOLOLA LAKHO kune-ACSH” (kugcizelela yena). UGoldstein uthumele izixhumanisi zezinto eziningi ze-ACSH ezikhuthaza futhi zivikele ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane azichaze ngokuthi “ZISEBENZISA KAKHULU.”

Bona futhi: Ukulandelela i-Agrichemical Industry Propaganda Network 

Landela okutholwe yi-US Right to Know nokusakazwa kwabezindaba mayelana nokusebenzisana phakathi kwamaqembu embonini yokudla kanye nezifundiswa ku ikhasi lethu lokuphenya. Imibhalo ye-USRTK iyatholakala kufayela le- Umtapo Wezincwadi Wezimboni Zamakhemikhali isingathwe ngu-UCSF.

Imibhalo emisha yeMonsanto idalula ukuxhumana okuthokomele nentatheli yeReuters

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

NguCarey Gillam 

(Vuselela ngo-Ephreli 25, 2019) 

Besazi ngemibhalo esivele ikhishwe ukuthi intatheli yeReuters uKate Kelland ubeyisixhumanisi esiyinhloko seMonsanto emzameni wayo wokubukela phansi nokuhlambalaza ososayensi beWorld Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ababeka i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen engaba khona ngo-2015. unobufakazi obengeziwe bokuqina kokuxhumeka.

UKelland akazange abhale nje kuphela udaba lwango-2017 uMonsanto amcela ukuba alubhale ngqo ngendlela umphathi we-Monsanto uSam Murphey amcele ngayo ukuba ayibhale, (ngaphandle kokudalula kubafundi ukuthi uMonsanto wayengumthombo,) kepha manje sibona ubufakazi bokuthi uhlaka Indaba ehlukile uKelland ayenzile mayelana ne-glyphosate kwaba zilethwe eMonsanto  ngaphambi kokuthi ushicilelwe, umkhuba ovame ukubukelwa phansi yizikhungo zezindaba.

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi indaba ebhalwe nguKelland yathunyelwa nge-imeyili ngaphambi kokuthi ishicilelwe eMurphey enesihloko esithi “Okusalungiswa Kwami, Okuyimfihlo.”

Indaba, eyayinesihloko esithi "Ucwaningo olusha ngombulali wokhula waseMonsanto ukuze angene kuvoti elibalulekile le-EU," yayimayelana nokutholwa kokuqala kocwaningo olungashicilelwanga ngusosayensi wase-Italiya olukhombisa ukuthi amagundane okuhlola avezwe ku-glyphosate emazingeni alingana nalezo ezivunyelwe kubantu awakhombisanga kubi kwasekuqaleni ukusabela. Uhlobo lokugcina ishicilelwe ngo-Ephreli 13, i-2017.

Futhi enye i-imeyili esanda kukhishwa Imininingwane yokuthi izigxivizo zeminwe zikaMonsanto zazingenani ezinye izindaba ezimbili zaseKelland. I-imeyili kaMashi 1, 2016 ikhuluma ngokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto Umkhankaso we- "Red Flag"  endabeni esivele ishicilelwe yeReuters eyayigxeka i-IARC kanye nesifiso sokuthonya indaba yesibili efanayo iReuters yayihlela. IRed Flag yinkampani ese-Dublin-based PR kanye ne-lobbying firm esebenza ukuvikela ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate futhi ikhuthaze imiyalezo ye-pro-glyphosate ngokusebenzisa abantu besithathu njengamaqembu abalimi. Ngokwe-imeyili eyakhiwe kabusha, "kulandela ukubandakanyeka kweRed Flag ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezedlule, ucezu lokuqala lwalugxeka kakhulu i-IARC." I-imeyili iyaqhubeka: “Ungase futhi wazi ukuthi iRed Flag iyaxhumana neReuters mayelana nombiko wesibili ochungechungeni…”

Isikhathi esingaphezu kwenyanga kamuva, abakwaReuters bashicilela indaba kaKelland "Umbiko Okhethekile: Indlela i-World Health Organisation agency yomdlavuza edida ngayo abathengi." 

Lezo zambulo zilandela ukuvezwa ekuqaleni konyaka wezincwadi ze-imeyili ezichaza ukuthi uKelland wasiza kanjani uMonsanto ukuba aqhube indaba engamanga ngososayensi womdlavuza u-Aaron Blair endimeni yakhe njengenhloko yeqembu elisebenzayo le-IARC elahlukanisa i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen engenzeka. Ku-ternal Monsanto izincwadi yangomhla ka-Ephreli 27, 2017 ikhombisa ukuthi isikhulu esiphezulu seMonsanto uSam Murphey sathumela ukulandisa kwenkampani kuKelland nge indawo yesilayidi yamaphuzu okukhuluma nezingxenye zokufakwa kukaBlair ezingafakwanga enkantolo. 

NgoJuni 14, 2017, uKelland wabhala indaba enempikiswano ngokususelwa kulokho athe “yimibhalo yasenkantolo,” lokho empeleni kwakuyimibhalo ayiphiwa nguMurphey. Ngoba imibhalo uKelland akhulume ngayo ayifakwanga ngempela enkantolo ibingatholakali esidlangalaleni ukuze ihlolwe amaqiniso ngabafundi. Ngokufaka ngamanga imininingwane ngokuthi isuselwa kumadokhumende asenkantolo wayegwema ukudalula iqhaza likaMonsanto ekuqhubeni le ndaba.

Lapho le ndaba iphuma, iveze uBlair njengokufihla "imininingwane ebalulekile" engatholi ukuxhumana phakathi kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza ovela e-IARC. UKelland ubhale ukuthi ukufakwa kwemali kukhombisile ukuthi uBlair "uthe imininingwane ibizoguqula ukuhlaziywa kwe-IARC" noma ngabe ukubuyekezwa ukubekwa kwangempela kukhombisa ukuthi uBlair akashongo lokho.

UKelland akazange axhumanise nemibhalo ayikhombile, okwenza abafundi bangakwazi ukuzibona ukuthi uphambuke kangakanani ekunembeni.

Indaba yathathwa yimithombo yezindaba emhlabeni jikelele, futhi kukhuthazwe yiMonsanto kanye nabalingani bemboni yamakhemikhali. Izikhangiso zeGoogle zaze zathengwa zaphakamisa le ndaba. Le ndaba iphinde yasetshenziswa yiMonsanto ukuhlasela i-IARC ezingxenyeni eziningi, kufaka phakathi umzamo weMonsanto ukwenza iCongress ihlwithe imali kusuka ku-IARC.

Akukho lutho olungalungile ngokwemvelo ekwamukeleni iziphakamiso zezindaba ezizuzisa izinkampani ezivela ezinkampanini uqobo. Kwenzeka ngaso sonke isikhathi. Kepha izintatheli kumele zikhuthalele ukwethula amaqiniso, hhayi inkulumo-ze yenkampani.

Umhleli weReuters uMike Williams uvikele umsebenzi kaKelland futhi wenqabile ukukhipha ukucaciswa noma ukulungiswa kocezu luka-Aaron Blair. Uthe "Bekungucucu omkhulu, futhi ngimi eduze kwawo ngokuphelele."

Umhleli “wezokuziphatha” wakwaReuters u-Alix Freedman naye uyayisekela indaba kaKelland kaBlair, yize kunobufakazi bokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto nokungadalulwa kwalokhu kubandakanyeka kubafundi. "Siyaziqhenya ngakho futhi simi ngemuva," kusho uFreedman nge-imeyili.

Ngokwami, ngichithe iminyaka eyi-17 ngiyintatheli eReuters ngifaka iMonsanto futhi ngishaqekile ngalokhu kwephulwa kwezindinganiso zobuntatheli. Kuyaphawuleka ikakhulukazi ukuthi u-Alix Freedman ungumuntu ofanayo ongitshele ukuthi angivunyelwe ukubhala ngezifundo eziningi ezizimele zesayensi ye-glyphosate kaMonsanto ekhombisa imiphumela emibi.

Okungenani, uKelland bekufanele athembeke kubafundi futhi avume ukuthi iMonsanto yayingumthombo wakhe - kuleyo ndaba, futhi ngokusobala abanye abaningi. AbakwaReuters bakweleta umhlaba - ne-IARC - ukuxolisa.

Ngemininingwane engaphezulu ngalesi sihloko, bona lo mbhalo.

Amandla enkampani, hhayi intshisekelo yomphakathi, empandeni yokulalelwa kwekomidi lesayensi ku-IARC

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

(Ishicilelwe okokuqala ku- Izindaba Zempilo Yezemvelo)

Shaya elinye iphuzu lamandla ezinkampani ngokuvikelwa komphakathi.

Ummeli waseMelika uLamar Smith, ongusihlalo wekomidi le-US House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, & Technology, usesimweni esibucayi ukulalelwa kwekomidi eligcwele kaFebhuwari 6 ene-ajenda ebhekiswe ngqo ekuhlaseleni abanye bososayensi abaphambili besifo somdlavuza.

Njengoba kunikezwe iqiniso lokuthi umdlavuza yiwo imbangela yesibili ehamba phambili yokufa e-United States, kubonakala kusobala ukuthi abenzi bomthetho bethu kufanele ukuthi basekele isayensi yomdlavuza kunokuba bazame ukuyivimba. Kodwa isenzo sikaSmith siza ngemuva kokuthi iWorld Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) icasule iMonsanto Co ngenkathi ithi i-pesticide glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko emikhiqizweni yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto, ukuthi ingaba yisifo somdlavuza.

Yize ukulalelwa kunesihloko esithi “Ekuvikeleni Ubuqotho Kwezesayensi: Ukuhlola Uhlelo lwe-IARC Monograph kanye neGlyphosate Review, ” indida yesichazi ayilahleki kulabo abebelandela imizamo kaSmith yokwehlisa nokubuyisa imali kule nhlangano ecwaninga ngomdlavuza.

In izincwadi eziya kubaholi be-IARC, USmith uye waphindaphinda ukulandisa okungamanga nezindaba ezinganembile ezitshalwe ngabalingani bemboni yamakhemikhali, futhi wabalula “isimo esibucayi salokhu kukhathazeka okuhlobene nezindleko zamadola abakhokhintela.”

Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi uhlelo lokubeka i-International Agency for Research on Cancer esihlalweni esishisayo lwaqala ukusebenza eminyakeni emithathu eyedlule lapho uMonsanto abikezela ukuthi ososayensi bomdlavuza bamazwe omhlaba bazothola umbulali walo wokhula ukuthi angaba nomdlavuza. Inkampani Kusho okuningi kwezokuxhumana kwangaphakathi kuvezwe ngamacala asanda kwenziwa.

Le mibhalo ikhombisa nokuthi kwakungoFebhuwari 2015, inyanga ngaphambi kokwahlukaniswa kwe-IARC, lapho abaphathi beMonsanto babekwa khona uhlelo lwamasu ukudicilela phansi ososayensi bomdlavuza. Lolu hlelo lwenzelwe "ukuhlelela ukukhala ngesinqumo se-IARC."

Imizamo yokukhohlisa umbono womphakathi mayelana ne-IARC yanyuka ehlobo eledlule lapho amaMonsanto allies spoon-fed a ukulandisa okungamanga entathelini yeReuters okhiqize indaba yezindaba edubule umhlaba wonke futhi ube yindawo ebalulekile yokukhuluma ekuhlaselweni kwemboni yamakhemikhali ngokumelene ne-IARC.

Le ndaba ithembele ekubekweni kososayensi we-IARC ogama lakhe lingu-Aaron Blair futhi wabika ukuthi uBlair ufihle imininingwane ebucayi ebizoguqula ukuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC glyphosate. AbakwaReuters abakaze banikeze isixhumanisi sokufakwa, okwangaleso sikhathi esasingafakwanga kunoma iyiphi inkantolo futhi sasingatholakali emphakathini.

Usihlalo uSmith wagijimisana nendaba, wathi uBlair "uvumile ukuthi uyazi ukuthi lolu cwaningo belungavimbela" ukuhlukaniswa kwe-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen engenzeka.

Noma ngubani othatha isikhathi sokufunda empeleni ukubekwa, esidlangalaleni manje, ibizobona ukuthi uBlair akakaze asho into enjalo, futhi empeleni waphikisana kaningi ukuthi imininingwane okukhulunywa ngayo ayihlaziywanga ngokuphelele futhi ingashicilelwanga ngakho-ke ibingafanele ukubhekwa yi-IARC.

Ukulandisa okungamanga okufanayo okucindezelwe imboni yamakhemikhali futhi okuphindwe nguSmith kusolwa i-IARC ngokususa ukuhlolwa okungatholi ukuxhumana phakathi kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza embikweni wayo wokugcina. USmith nethimba kungenzeka abazi noma abanendaba nokuthi ukususwa kwe-IARC bekuyizinto eziqinisekisiwe zeMonsanto zokuthi ososayensi bomdlavuza bathi akukwazanga ukufakazelwa.

Izikhulu ze-IARC Zinemininingwane amanga aqhutshelwa kubo yimboni yamakhemikhali kepha ukuzivikela kwehlele ezindlebeni ezingezwa.

IMonsanto idinga ukudicilela phansi ososayensi bomdlavuza bamazwe omhlaba ngoba bekuyi-IARC ekutholeni lokho kubangele amagagasi amacala ngokumelene neMonsanto, futhi kwagqugquzela izinyathelo zokuvimbela ikhemikhali kwamanye amazwe aseYurophu.

Kepha ngenkathi iMonsanto nezinye izimboni zamakhemikhali zikhathazekile ngezigidigidi zamaRandi emalini abayitholayo minyaka yonke kusuka emikhiqizweni esuselwa ku-glyphosate, ukuhlaselwa kwaleli qembu lesayensi elizimele kufanele sonke sikhathazeke.

Cishe amaphesenti angama-39 abesilisa nabesifazane abahlala e-United States kulindeleke ukuthi batholakale benomdlavuza ngesikhathi sokuphila kwabo, ngokusho kweNational Cancer Institute.

Ngalo nyaka kuphela, i-American Cancer Society ilinganisele ukuthi kuzoba nabantu abangaphezu kwezigidi eziyi-1.68 abasanda kutholakala benomdlavuza kanye nabangaphezu kuka-600,000 ababulawa ngumdlavuza. Emhlabeni jikelele, kunezigameko ezingaphezu kwezigidi eziyi-14 zomdlavuza ezenzeka unyaka nonyaka, futhi lelo nani kulindeleke ukuthi lifinyelele ezigidini ezingama-22 ngonyaka ka-2030.

Umdlavuza "uthinta cishe impilo yawo wonke umuntu, ngqo noma ngokungaqondile," futhi ngaphezu kwemali ekhokhelwa impilo nempilo kubiza i-United States izindleko ezingaphezu kwezinkulungwane ezingama- $ 200 ezindlekweni zokwelashwa nokulahleka komkhiqizo, ngokusho koMnyango wezeMpilo waseMelika (HHS) .

Ukuze sinciphise ukufa kwabantu ngenxa yomdlavuza kufanele sigxile kakhulu ekuwunqandeni kwasekuqaleni, futhi ingxenye enkulu yalokhu “kuvimbela okuyinhloko” ngokusho kombiko wango-2016 weHHS National Toxicology Program (NTP) “ukuhlonza umdlavuza. ”

Ngokusobala, izinkampani ezithengisa amakhemikhali ahlanganiswe nomdlavuza zikhetha ukubona i-IARC ikhokhelwa futhi idilizwa. Basho okuningi ngokusebenzisa igama elingenakuqanjwa Umkhandlu Wokunemba Ekucwaningweni Kwezempilo Komphakathi (CAPHR), engenzi-nzuzo esungulwe yi-American Chemistry Council ngonyaka owedlule ngenhloso ethile ye- ukugqugquzela “ukuguqulwa”We-IARC.

Kepha ukubona abenzi bomthetho bethu bekhuthaza ngentshiseko izintshisekelo zenkampani lapho izintshisekelo ezinjalo zokuphepha komphakathi zisengozini mhlawumbe ukwehla okusha kwezepolitiki zaseMelika. Lezi ngokoqobo zibalulekile ngokuphila nokufa.

Izisebenzi zethu zikahulumeni kumele zibhekane nezinqumo zazo, zisekele ososayensi abasebenzela ukukhomba ama-carcinogens, baphinde babuyele emuva baphikisana nezintshisekelo zezinkampani ezifuna ukudicilela phansi isayensi esongela inzuzo yayo.

Ubuqotho besayensi kufanele busho ngqo lokho.

AbakwaReuters babika ukuthi okutholwe yi-IARC 'okuhleliwe ngaphandle' kuyindaba engamanga

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Izibuyekezo: Imibhalo emisha yeMonsanto idalula ukuxhumana okuhle kuMlobi weReuters, I-Roundup Trial Tracker (Ephreli 25, 2019)
I-IARC iyazenqaba izimangalo ezingamanga ku-Reuters athikili, isitatimende se-International Agency for Research on Cancer (Okthoba 24, 2017)

Usuku lokuqala lokuthunyelwe: Okthoba 20, 2017

Eqhubeka naye irekhodi lokubika okuchema nemboni mayelana ne-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), intatheli yeReuters uKate Kelland uphinde wahlasela i-ejensi yomdlavuza ngomhlaka-19 Okthoba 2017 indaba bethi ososayensi bahlele idokhumenti esalungiswa ngaphambi kokukhipha ukuhlolwa kwabo kokugcina okuhlukanisa i-glyphosate njenge- kungenzeka i-carcinogen yomuntu. I-American Chemistry Council, iqembu lezokuhweba embonini yamakhemikhali, yakhipha ngokushesha i- isitatimende sephephandaba bencoma indaba kaKelland, ethi "ilulaza iziphetho ze-IARC mayelana ne-glyphosate" futhi inxusa abenzi benqubomgomo ukuthi "bathathele i-IARC izinyathelo ngokukhwabanisa kwedatha ngamabomu."

Indaba kaKelland icaphune isikhulu esiphezulu seMonsanto esithi “amalungu e-IARC asebenzise kabi futhi ahlanekezela imininingwane yesayensi” kodwa ahlulekile ukusho inani elibalulekile lobufakazi obuvele Imibhalo kaMonsanto uqobo ngokutholwa kwenkantolo okukhombisa izindlela eziningi inkampani esebenze ngazo ukuphatha nokuhlanekezela idatha ku-glyphosate emashumini eminyaka.

Indaba futhi yehlulekile ukusho ukuthi ucwaningo oluningi olwehlisiwe yi-Monsanto ekhokhelwe umsebenzi eyayingenayo imininingwane eyanele yokuhlangabezana namazinga we-IARC. Futhi yize uKelland ecaphuna ucwaningo lwegundane lwango-1983 kanye negundwane lapho i-IARC yehluleke khona ukuvumelana nabaphenyi bokuqala, yehlulekile ukudalula ukuthi lezi kwakuyizifundo ezazikhokhelwa iMonsanto. Uhlulekile nokusho imininingwane ebucayi yokuthi ocwaningweni lwamagundane ngo-1983, ngisho negatsha le-EPA le-toxicology akazange avumelane nabaphenyi bakaMonsanto ngoba ubufakazi be-carcinogenicity babunamandla kakhulu, ngokusho kwemibhalo ye-EPA. Bathe kumamemos amaningi ukuthi impikiswano kaMonsanto ibingamukeleki futhi iyasola, futhi banqume ukuthi i-glyphosate ibe yi-carcinogen.

Ngokushiya la maqiniso abalulekile, nangokuhlanekezela amanye cishe ngaphakathi, uKelland ubhale enye indatshana esebenza uMonsanto kahle, kepha ulahlekise umphakathi kanye nabenzi bezinqubomgomo abathembele kuzindawo zezindaba ezithembekile ukuthola imininingwane eyiyo. Okuwukuphela kwephuzu elikhuthazayo elizothathwa endabeni kaKelland ukuthi kulokhu uvumile ukuthi iMonsanto imnikeze imininingwane.

Izindaba ezihlobene nemibhalo:

I-Reuters vs. I-UN Cancer Agency: Ingabe Izibopho Zebhizinisi Zithonya Ukutholakala Kwesayensi?

NguStacy Malkan

Kusukela lapho ihlukanisiwe i-herbicide esetshenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni njenge “mhlawumbe ebanga umdlavuza kubantu,” iqembu lososayensi bamazwe eqenjini lokucwaninga ngomdlavuza le-World Health Organisation belingaphansi ukuhlaselwa okubunayo ngemboni yezolimo kanye nabazalelwayo.

Phakathi ku ikhasi lokuqala uchungechunge enesihloko esithi "Amaphepha eMonsanto," iphephandaba laseFrance Okwezwe (6/1/17) uchaze lokhu kuhlasela “njengempi ye-pesticide yesayensi,” futhi wabika, “Ukusindisa i-glyphosate, inkampani [iMonsanto] yathatha isinyathelo sokulimaza i-United Nations ejensi yomdlavuza ngazo zonke izindlela.”

Ngama-scoops amabili anikezwa izimboni kanye nombiko okhethekile, oqiniswa ukubika kwakhe okuvamile, uKelland uhlose isifufula sokubika okubucayi kwi-WHO's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), eveza leli qembu nososayensi balo bengasakwazi ukuxhumana futhi izinsolo ezingekho emthethweni, nezilinganisanayo mayelana nokushayisana kwezintshisakalo kanye nemininingwane ecindezelwe ekuthathweni kwabo kwezinqumo.Isikhali esisodwa esisemqoka emkhakheni wezikhali embonini kube ukubikwa UKate Kelland, umakadebona Reuters intatheli ezinze eLondon.

Iqembu elisebenzayo le-IARC lososayensi alizange lenze ucwaningo olusha, kepha labuyekeza iminyaka yocwaningo olushicilelwe nolubuyekezwa ngontanga ngaphambi kokuphetha ngokuthi kunobufakazi obunqunyelwe bomdlavuza kubantu kusukela ekuvezweni komhlaba wangempela kuya ku-glyphosate nobufakazi "obanele" bomdlavuza ezifundweni izilwane. I-IARC iphinde yaphetha ngokuthi kunobufakazi obuqinile bokuthi i-genotoxicity ye-glyphosate iyodwa, kanye ne-glyphosate esetshenziswe ekwakhiweni okunjengeMonsanto's Roundup brand ye-herbicide, ukusetshenziswa kwayo kukhuphuke kakhulu njengoba iMonsanto ithengisile izinhlobo zezitshalo ziguqulwe ngokwezakhi zofuzo ukuba "Roundup Ready."

Kepha ngokubhala ngesinqumo se-IARC, uKelland ushaye indiva ucwaningo oluningi olushicilelwe olusekela ukwahlukaniswa, wagxila emaphuzu okukhuluma embonini nasekugxekeni kososayensi ekufuneni ukunciphisa ukucubungula kwabo. Ukubika kwakhe kuncike kakhulu emithonjeni yezimboni ezixhasa umkhakha, ngenkathi yehluleka ukudalula ukuxhumana kwemboni yabo; kuqukethe amaphutha Reuters unqabile ukulungisa; futhi wethule imininingwane ekhethwe ngama-cherry emongweni evela kumadokhumenti angazange awanikeze abafundi bakhe.

Ukuphakamisa eminye imibuzo mayelana nokuzimisela kwakhe njengentatheli yesayensi yizibopho zikaKelland ku Isayensi Media Center (SMC), okuyinhlangano ephikisanayo engenzi nzuzo e-UK exhuma ososayensi nezintatheli, bese iyayithola indawo enkulu yezimali eziqhamuka emaqenjini nasezinkampanini, kufaka phakathi izintshisekelo zomkhakha wamakhemikhali.

I-SMC, ebizwa ngokuthi “i-ejensi ye-PR yesayensi, ”Eyethulwa ngo-2002 ngokwengxenye njengomzamo wokunciphisa izindaba ezithathwa amaqembu afana neGreenpeace neFriends of the Earth, ngokusho kwencwadi yayo umbiko wokusungula. I-SMC isolwa ngokudlala phansi ubungozi bezemvelo kanye nempilo yabantu bemikhiqizo nobuchwepheshe obuthile obunempikiswano, ngokusho kuka abacwaningi abaningi abafunde iqembu.

Ukuchema kukaKelland ngokuthanda leli qembu kuyabonakala, njengoba evela kwi-SMC ividiyo yephromoshini kanye ne-SMC umbiko wokuphromotha, uba khona njalo Ama-SMC amafushane, ukhuluma ku Amashabhu we-SMC futhi waba khona imihlangano eNdiya ukuxoxa ngokusungula ihhovisi le-SMC lapho.

Kelland noma abahleli bakhe akekho Reuters uzophendula imibuzo ephathelene nobudlelwano bakhe ne-SMC, noma ukugxekwa okuthile ngokubika kwakhe.

UFiona Fox, umqondisi weSMC, uthe iqembu lakhe alisebenzanga noKelland ezindabeni zakhe ze-IARC noma anikeze imithombo engaphezu kwaleyo efakwe emaphepheni eSMC. Kusobala nokho ukuthi ukubika kukaKelland nge-glyphosate ne-IARC kukhombisa imibono evezwe ngochwepheshe be-SMC namaqembu embonini kulezo zihloko.

I-Reuters ithatha usosayensi womdlavuza

Ngo-June 14, i-2017, Reuters ishicilelwe a umbiko okhethekile nguKelland osola u-Aaron Blair, ingcweti yezifo eziqhamuka e-US National Cancer Institute nosihlalo wephaneli le-IARC ku-glyphosate, ngokugodla imininingwane ebalulekile ekuhlolweni komdlavuza.

Indaba kaKelland ize yaveza nokuthi imininingwane okuthiwa ibanjiwe ibingasiguqula isiphetho se-IARC sokuthi i-glyphosate kungenzeka i-carcinogenic. Kodwa-ke imininingwane okukhulunywa ngayo yayiyi-subset encane yedatha ye-epidemiology etholwe ngephrojekthi yesikhathi eside eyaziwa njenge Ucwaningo Lwezempilo Lwezolimo (AHS). Ukuhlaziywa kweminyaka eminingana yemininingwane emayelana ne-glyphosate evela ku-AHS kwakusivele kushicilelwe futhi kwabhekwa yi-IARC, kepha ukuhlaziywa okusha kwemininingwane engaqediwe, engashicilelwanga akuzange kubhekwe, ngoba imithetho ye-IARC ifuna ukuthembela kuphela kudatha eshicilelwe.

Umbono kaKelland wokuthi uBlair ubambe idatha ebalulekile ubuphikisana nemibhalo yomthombo lapho asekele khona indaba yakhe, kepha akazange anikeze abafundi izixhumanisi zanoma iyiphi yaleyo mibhalo, ngakho abafundi abakwazanga ukuzihlolela ubuqiniso bezimangalo ngokwabo. Izinsolo zakhe zamabhomu zasatshalaliswa kabanzi, zaphindwa yizintatheli kwezinye izindawo zezindaba (kufaka phakathi umama Jones) futhi yathunyelwa ngokushesha njenge- ithuluzi lokunxenxa ngomkhakha wezolimo.

Ngemuva kokuthola imibhalo yangempela, uCarey Gillam, owayekade eyi Reuters intatheli nomqondisi manje wocwaningo lwe-US Right to Know (iqembu elingenzi nzuzo lapho nami ngisebenza khona), Bekele ngaphandle amaphutha amaningi nokushiywa esiqeshini sikaKelland.

Ukuhlaziywa kunikeza izibonelo zezimangalo ezisemqoka ku-athikili kaKelland, kufaka phakathi nesitatimende okuthiwa senziwe nguBlair, esingasekelwa yikhasi elinamakhasi angama-300 ukubekwa kukaBlair eyenziwa ngabameli bakaMonsanto, noma eminye imibhalo yomthombo.

Isethulo sikaKelland sokukhetha isikhundla sikaBlair sibuye sanganaki obekuphikisana nomqondo wakhe — ngokwesibonelo, iziqinisekiso eziningi zikaBlair zocwaningo ezibonisa ukuxhumana kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza, njengoba uGillam abhala Huffington Post i-athikili (6 / 18 / 17).

UKelland uchaze ngokungachazeki ukubeka kukaBlair nezinto ahlobene nazo ngokuthi “yimibhalo yasenkantolo,” okusho ukuthi zitholakala emphakathini; empeleni, azizange zifakwe enkantolo, futhi kungenzeka ukuthi zitholwe kubameli bakaMonsanto noma kuma-surrogatives. (Le mibhalo ibitholakala kuphela kubameli abathintekayo kuleli cala, futhi abameli bommangali bathe abayinikanga uKelland.)

Reuters unqabile ukulungisa amaphutha esiqeshini, kufaka phakathi isimangalo esingamanga mayelana nemvelaphi yemibhalo yomthombo kanye nencazelo enganembile yomthombo oyisihluthulelo, isazi sezibalo uBob Tarone, njengo "ozimele weMonsanto." Eqinisweni, uTarone wayenakho uthole inkokhelo yokubonisana kusuka eMonsanto ngemizamo yakhe yokwehlisa isithunzi i-IARC.

Ukuphendula isicelo se-USRTK sokulungisa noma ukuhoxisa i-athikili kaKelland, Reuters Umhleli wamabhizinisi omhlaba uMike Williams ubhale ku-imeyili kaJuni 23:

Sibuyekeze i-athikili kanye nokubika lapho ibisuselwa khona. Lokho kubika kufaka phakathi okubhekiswe kuwe, kepha bekungagcini kukho. Intatheli, uKate Kelland, naye wayexhumana nabo bonke abantu okukhulunywe ngabo endabeni nabanye abaningi, wafunda neminye imibhalo. Ngokwalokho kubuyekezwa, asithathi le ndatshana njengengalungile noma ukugunyaza ukuhoxiswa.

UWilliams wenqabile ukukhuluma ngendaba engamanga "yemibhalo yasenkantolo" noma incazelo engalungile yeTarone njengomthombo ozimele.

Kusukela lapho, ithuluzi lokunxenxa Reuters unikezwe uMonsanto ukhule imilenze futhi wagijima wasendle. NgoJuni 24 Umhleli by IDispatch yaseSt kungezwe amaphutha ngaphezulu kokubika okuvele kudukisa. Maphakathi noJulayi, amabhulogi wephiko langakwesokudla ayesebenzisa i- Reuters indaba yokusola i-IARC ye ukukhwabanisa abakhokhi bentela base-US, izingosi zezindaba ezixhasa umkhakha zazibikezela ukuthi le ndaba izoba “isipikili sokugcina ebhokisini lomngcwabo”Yezimangalo zomdlavuza mayelana ne-glyphosate, kanye no iqembu lezindaba zesayensi mbumbulu beyithuthukisa indaba kaKelland ku Facebook enesihloko esiyimbumbulu esithi i-IARC ososayensi babevumile ukuthi bazifihla.

Ukuhlaselwa kwebhekoni

Lesi bekungekhona okokuqala ukuthi uKelland athembele kuBob Tarone njengomthombo oyisihluthulelo, futhi wehluleka ukudalula ukuxhumana kwakhe embonini, ku-athikili ehlasela i-IARC.

Ngo-Ephreli 2016 uphenyo olukhethekile nguKelland, "Ngubani Othi Ibhekoni Limbi ?," uveze i-IARC njengenhlangano edidayo engalungile kusayensi. Ucezu lwakhiwe kakhulu kwizingcaphuno ezivela kuTarone, eminye imithombo emibili ye-pro-industry ukuxhumana kwezimboni nakho okungazange kudalulwe, kanye nombukeli oyedwa ongaziwa.

Izindlela ze-IARC “aziqondakali kahle,” “aziwusebenzeli kahle umphakathi,” kwesinye isikhathi zintula ubukhali besayensi, “azilungele isayensi,” “azilungele izinhlangano ezilawulayo” futhi zenza umphakathi “into embi,” kusho abagxeki.

UTarone uthe, le nhlangano "ayinazazi, uma kungezona ezesayensi" - icala elicindezelwe ngofeleba esihlokweni esincane.

I-Tarone isebenza kumkhakha we-pro Isikhungo se-International Epidemiology, futhi wake wabandakanyeka kwi ucwaningo lweselula oluyimpikiswano, exhaswe ingxenye yomkhakha womakhalekhukhwini, ongatholanga ukuxhumana komdlavuza nomakhalekhukhwini, okuphikisana ne- izifundo ezikhokhelwa ngokuzimela kumagazini ofanayo.

Abanye abagxeki endabeni yobhekeni lukaKelland kwakunguPaulo Boffetta, usosayensi owayengundabuzekwayo wakudala wase-IARC owabhala iphepha evikela i-asbestos ngenkathi futhi ukuthola imali yokuvikela imboni ye-asbesto enkantolo; noGeoffrey Kabat, owake waba khona ihlukaniswe nososayensi oxhaswe ngemali embonini kagwayi ukubhala iphepha ukuvikela intuthu kagwayi.

UKabat ubuye asebenze ebhodini lokweluleka le-American Council on Science and Health (ACSH), a iqembu langaphambili lebhizinisi. Usuku i Reuters indaba hit, i-ACSH ithumele into yebhulogi (4 / 16 / 17) eziqhayisa ngokuthi uKelland usebenzise umeluleki wakhe uKabat njengomthombo wokuhlambalaza i-IARC.

[Bona okuthunyelwe okuhlobene ngoMashi 2019: Izibopho zikaGeoffrey Kabat kumaQembu Wezimboni Zikagwayi Namakhemikhali

Ukuxhumana komkhakha wemithombo yakhe, nomlando wabo wokuthatha izikhundla ngokungqubuzana nesayensi ejwayelekile, kubonakala kufanelekile, ikakhulukazi njengoba ukudalulwa kwebhekoni le-IARC kwakumataniswa neKelland i-athikili mayelana ne-glyphosate lowo osola umeluleki we-IARC uChris Portier ngokwenzelela ngenxa yokuzibandakanya kwakhe neqembu lezemvelo.

Ukubiyelwa kwenzalo kwenzelwe ukudicilela phansi incwadi, ehlelwe nguPortier futhi isayinwe ososayensi abangama-94, lokho kuchaze "amaphutha amakhulu" ekuhlolweni kwezinhlekelele ze-European Union okukhipha i-glyphosate engozini yomdlavuza.

Ukuhlaselwa kwePortier, netimu enhle yesayensi / embi yesayensi, kwananela imboni yamakhemikhali Iziteshi ze-PR ngosuku olufanayo kwavela izindatshana zakwaKelland.

IARC ihlehlela emuva

Ngo-Okthoba 2016, kwenye iskoop ekhethekile, UKelland waveza i-IARC njengenhlangano eyimfihlo eyayicele ososayensi bayo ukuthi bayigodle imibhalo ephathelene nokubuyekezwa kwe-glyphosate. Lo mbhalo ubususelwa ekubhaleni okunikezwe uKelland ngu iqembu lomthetho elixhasa umkhakha.

Ukuphendula, i-IARC yathatha isinyathelo esingajwayelekile sokuthumela imibuzo kaKelland kanye ne izimpendulo ababemthumele zona, enikeze umongo oshiywe ngaphandle kwe- Reuters indaba.

I-IARC ichaze ukuthi abameli bakaMonsanto babecela ososayensi ukuthi baphendule amaphepha asalungiswa kanye nezinqumo, futhi ngenxa yamacala aqhubekayo kuMonsanto, "ososayensi bazizwa bengakhululekile ukukhipha lezi zinto, futhi abanye babona ukuthi bayasatshiswa." Le nhlangano ithe bake babhekana nengcindezi efanayo phambilini yokuthi bakhiphe amaphepha asalungiswa ukuze basekele izinyathelo zomthetho ezibandakanya i-asbestos nogwayi, nokuthi kunemizamo yokudonsela amaphepha e-IARC ngamacala enkantolo ye-PCB.

Indaba ayizange isho lezo zibonelo, noma ukukhathazeka mayelana nemibhalo yesayensi esalungiswa egcina isenkantolo, kepha ucezu lwalusinda ekuhlaziyweni kwe-IARC, ukuyichaza njengeqembu "eliphikisana nososayensi emhlabeni wonke," "elibangele impikiswano ”nokuhlolwa komdlavuza“ okungadala ukwesabeka okungadingekile kwezempilo. ”

I-IARC "inezinhloso eziyimfihlo" futhi izenzo zayo "bezihlekisa," ngokusho kwesikhulu seMonsanto esicashunwe endabeni.

IARC yabhala ukuphendula (ukugcizelelwa koqobo):

Lo mbhalo ngu Reuters kulandela iphethini yemibiko engaguquguquki kepha edukisayo mayelana nohlelo lwe-IARC Monographs kwezinye izingxenye zemidiya eziqala ngemuva kokuthi i-glyphosate ihlukaniswe njenge mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic kubantu.

IARC futhi wahlehliselwa emuva Ukubika kukaKelland ngoBlair, ephawula ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo nomthombo wakhe iTarone futhi echaza ukuthi uhlelo lokuhlola umdlavuza lwe-IARC aluthathi imininingwane engashicilelwe, futhi "alusekeli ukuhlolwa kwalo emibonweni ethulwe emibikweni yabezindaba," kodwa "kumhlangano ohleliwe nokubuyekezwa kuzo zonke izifundo zesayensi ezitholakala esidlangalaleni nezisemqoka, ngochwepheshe abazimele, ezingenazintshisekelo ezitholakala kubo. ”

Ukulandisa kwe-ejensi ye-PR

I-Science Media Center-eyiKelland usho kanje kube nomthelela ekubikeni kwakhe — unezintshisekelo, futhi wagxekwa nangokuphikisa imibono yesayensi esekela umkhakha. Abaxhasi bamanje nabangaphambilini kufaka phakathi iMonsanto, iBayer, iDuPont, iCoca-Cola kanye namaqembu okuhweba embonini yokudla namakhemikhali, kanye nama-ejensi kahulumeni, izisekelo namayunivesithi.

Ngawo wonke ama-akhawunti, i-SMC inethonya ekwakheni ukuthi abezindaba bazifaka kanjani izindaba ezithile zesayensi, imvamisa ithola eyayo ukusabela kochwepheshe ucaphuna ezindabeni zemidiya nokusakazwa kokushayela nge cindezela ngamafushane.

Njengoba uKelland echaze ku-SMC ividiyo yephromoshini, "Ekupheleni kwesithangami, uyayiqonda ukuthi yini indaba nokuthi kungani ibalulekile."

Leli yiphuzu lomzamo weSMC: ukukhombisa izintatheli ukuthi izindaba noma izifundo ziyakufanele yini ukunakwa, nokuthi kufanele zakhiwe kanjani.

Kwesinye isikhathi, ochwepheshe be-SMC badlala ingozi futhi banikeza isiqinisekiso emphakathini mayelana nemikhiqizo noma ubuchwepheshe obunempikiswano; isibonelo, abacwaningi bagxeke imizamo yabezindaba ye-SMC ukukhwabanisa, ukuphepha komakhalekhukhwini, Isifo sokukhathala okungamahlalakhona futhi ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo.

Imikhankaso ye-SMC kwesinye isikhathi ifaka isandla emizameni yokunxenxa. Ngo-2013 Nature i-athikili (7 / 10 / 13) uchaze ukuthi iSMC iluguqule kanjani igagasi ekusakazweni kwabezindaba kwemibungu yezilwane / yabantu ehlukanisiwe nokukhathazeka kokuziphatha nokubheka ukubaluleka kwayo njengethuluzi lokucwaninga — futhi ngaleyo ndlela yamisa imithetho kahulumeni.

Umcwaningi wabezindaba oqashwe yi-SMC ukuze ahlaziye ukusebenza kwalowo mkhankaso, u-Andy Williams wase-Cardiff University, wabona imodeli ye-SMC njengenkinga, wakhathazeka ngokuthi impikiswano evimbelwe. Williams kuchazwe izifinyezo ze-SMC njengemicimbi ephethwe ngokuqinile ecindezela ukulandisa okukholisayo.

Esihlokweni somngcipheko womdlavuza we-glyphosate, i-SMC inikeza ukulandisa okucacile ekukhishweni kwayo kwabezindaba.

Ukuhlukaniswa komdlavuza we-IARC, ngokusho kwe- Ochwepheshe be-SMC, "Yehlulekile ukufaka imininingwane ebucayi," ibisuselwa "ekubukezweni okukhethwayo" nakubufakazi "obubonakala buzacile" futhi "kukonke akusekeli ukuhlukaniswa kwezinga eliphezulu okunjalo." Monsanto kanye nezinye umkhakha Amaqembu kukhuthazwe izingcaphuno.

Ochwepheshe be-SMC babenombono omuhle ngokwengeziwe wokuhlolwa kobungozi okwenziwa yi-European Food Safety Authority (I-EFSA) kanye ne-European Chemicals Agency (I-ECHA), okususe i-glyphosate yokukhathazeka ngomdlavuza womuntu.

Isiphetho se-EFSA yayisondelene kakhulu nesayensi, ibambisene futhi ilinganiselwe ”kunama-IARC, kanye ne Umbiko we-ECHA yayizimisele, izimele, iphelele futhi “ivunyelwe ngokwesayensi.”

Ukubika kukaKelland ku Reuters kunanela lezo zingqikithi zomkhakha wemboni, futhi kwesinye isikhathi basebenzise ochwepheshe abafanayo, njenge Indaba kaNovemba 2015 ngokuthi kungani ama-ejensi ase-Europe anikeze izeluleko eziphikisanayo mayelana nobungozi bomdlavuza we-glyphosate. Indaba yakhe icaphune ochwepheshe ababili ngokuqondile ku Ukukhishwa kwe-SMC, bese efingqa imibono yabo:

Ngamanye amagama, i-IARC inikwe umsebenzi wokugqamisa noma yini engase ibe ezimeni ezithile, noma ingajwayelekile, ikwazi ukudala umdlavuza kubantu. I-EFSA, ngakolunye uhlangothi, ikhathazekile ngezingozi zangempela zokuphila nokuthi, uma kwenzeka i-glyphosate, bukhona yini ubufakazi obukhombisa ukuthi uma isetshenziswa ezimweni ezijwayelekile, isibulala-zinambuzane sibeka ingozi engamukeleki empilweni yabantu noma emvelweni.

UKelland uhlanganise ukusabela okufushane okubili kwabezemvelo: IGreenpeace ibize ukubuyekezwa kwe-EFSA ngokuthi “mhlophe”, kanti uJennifer Sass woMkhandlu Wezokuvikelwa Kwemvelo uthe ukubuyekezwa kwe-IARC “bekuyinqubo eqinile, evikeleka ngokwesayensi futhi yomphakathi ebandakanya ikomidi lamazwe omhlaba lochwepheshe abangawona umkhakha . ” (An Isitatimende seNRDC ku-glyphosate ukubeka ngale ndlela: “IARC Got It Right, I-EFSA Ithole It Isuka eMonsanto.”)

Indaba kaKelland ilandelele ukuphawula kweqembu lezemvelo “nabagxeki be-IARC… bathi indlela yayo yokuhlonza izingozi isiba yinto engenamsebenzi kubathengi, abalwela ukusebenzisa iseluleko sayo empilweni yangempela,” futhi iphetha ngezingcaphuno zososayensi “othi intshisekelo usebenze njengomxhumanisi weMonsanto. ”

Lapho ebuzwa ngokugxekwa kwe-pro-industry bias ye-SMC, uFox waphendula wathi:

Silalela ngokucophelela noma ikuphi ukugxekwa okuvela emphakathini wezesayensi noma izintatheli zezindaba ezisebenzela abezindaba base-UK, kepha asikutholi ukugxekwa kokuchema ngemboni evela kulaba babambiqhaza. Siyakwenqaba ukusolwa ngokwenzelela embonini, futhi umsebenzi wethu ukhombisa ubufakazi kanye nemibono yabaphenyi besayensi abangama-3,000 abaqavile kulwazi lwethu. Njengehhovisi lezindaba elizimele eligxile kwezinye zezindaba zesayensi ezinempikiswano enkulu, sikulindele ngokuphelele ukugxekwa ngamaqembu angaphandle kwesayensi ejwayelekile.

Ukungqubuzana kwesazi

Ochwepheshe bezesayensi abahlali bedalula ukungqubuzana kwabo kwezintshisekelo ekukhishweni kwezindaba ezikhishwe yi-SMC, noma nasezindimeni zabo ezisezingeni eliphakeme njengabenza izinqumo ngengozi yomdlavuza yamakhemikhali afana ne-glyphosate.

Isazi esivela njalo se-SMC u-Alan Boobis, uprofesa wezemithi yamakhemikhali e-Imperial College London, unikeza imibono ekukhishweni kwama-SMC i-aspartame (“Hhayi ukukhathazeka”), glyphosate emchameni (akunandaba), ama-insecticide kanye nezinkinga zokuzalwa (“Ngaphambi kwesikhathi ukuthola iziphetho”), utshwala, Ummbila we-GMO, trace izinsimbi, Ukudla kwama-rod rod futhi nokuningi.

The Isinqumo se-ECHA ukuthi i-glyphosate akuyona i-carcinogen "kufanele ihalaliselwe," ngokusho kukaBoobis, kanye ne Isinqumo se-IARC ukuthi mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic "ayisiyona imbangela yokwethuka okungafanele," ngoba ibingacabangi ukuthi izibulala-zinambuzane zisetshenziswa kanjani emhlabeni wangempela.

UBoobis umemezele ukuthi akukho kungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo ekukhishweni kwe-IARC noma yikuphi ukukhishwa kwangaphambilini kweSMC okuphethe izingcaphuno zakhe. Kepha wabe esevusa a ihlazo lokungqubuzana kwenzalo ngesikhathi kuvela izindaba zokuthi ubephethe izikhundla zobuholi ne-International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI), a iqembu le-pro-industry, ngasikhathi sinye wabambisana nosihlalo wepaneli ye-UN eyathola i-glyphosate akunakwenzeka ukubeka ingozi yomdlavuza ngokusebenzisa ukudla. (IBoobis okwamanje isitulo weBhodi Labaphathiswa be-ILSI, futhi iphini likamongameli isikhangiso sesikhashana Ye-ILSI / Europe.)

ILSI ithole iminikelo yabantu abayisithupha kusuka eMonsanto naseCropLife International, inhlangano yokuhweba ngezibulala-zinambuzane. USolwazi Angelo Moretto, owayengusihlalo wesigungu se-UN ku-glyphosate kanye noBoobis, naye wabamba indima yobuholi ku-ILSI. Noma kunjalo iphaneli limenyezelwe akukho ukushayisana kwezintshisekelo.

UKelland akazange abike ngalezo zingxabano, noma kunjalo bhala mayelana okutholwe "ochwepheshe be-UN" abakhipha i-glyphosate engozini yomdlavuza, futhi wake wasebenzisa kabusha isicaphuna seBoobis Ukukhishwa kwabezindaba ze-SMC ngendatshana ekhuluma ingulube yase-Ireland engcolisiwe. (Ubungozi kubathengi bebuphansi.)

Lapho ebuzwa mayelana nenqubomgomo yokudalula inzalo ye-SMC, nokuthi kungani ukuxhumana kweBoobis 'ISLI kungadalulwanga ekukhishweni kwe-SMC, uFox waphendula wathi:

Sicela bonke abacwaningi esibasebenzisayo ukuhlinzeka ngama-COI abo futhi senze ukuthi labo batholakalele izintatheli. Ngokuhambisana nezinye izinqubomgomo ze-COI eziningana, asikwazi ukuphenya yonke i-COI, yize samukela izintatheli ezikwenza lokho.

UBoobis akatholakalanga ukuphawula, kodwa utshele i- Guardian, "Indima yami ku-ILSI (kanye namagatsha ayo amabili) njengelungu lomkhakha womphakathi kanye nosihlalo wamabhodi abo abaphathiswa, izikhundla ezingaholi."

Kodwa ukungqubuzana "kubangele ukulahlwa okufutheka okuvela kuma-MEPs aluhlaza nama-NGO," i Guardian kubika, “kuqiniswe ukukhishwa kombiko [wephaneli le-UN] ezinsukwini ezimbili ngaphambi kokuba kuvunyelwe kabusha i-EU ukuvotela i-glyphosate, okuzobiza izimboni zamarandi ezigidigidi zamarandi.”

Futhi kunjalo nangewebhu ethintekile yethonya ebandakanya izinkampani, ochwepheshe besayensi, ukusakazwa kwabezindaba kanye nempikiswano esezingeni eliphakeme nge-glyphosate, manje edlala ezingeni lomhlaba njengeMonsanto ubhekene nokumangalelwa ngaphezulu kwamakhemikhali ngenxa yezimangalo zomdlavuza, futhi ifuna ukuqeda ifayili le- Isivumelwano esingu- $ 66 billion neBayer.

Okwamanje, e-US, njengoba Bloomberg kubika ngoJulayi 13: “Ingabe Umdlavuza Obulala Kakhulu Wezwe Uyimbangela Yomdlavuza? I-EPA kaTrump Izonquma. ”

Imilayezo eya Reuters kungathunyelwa le website (noma nge Twitter: @Reuters). Sicela ukhumbule ukuthi ukuxhumana ngenhlonipho kuphumelela kakhulu.

UKate Kelland weReuters ukhuthaze ukulandisa okungamanga nge-IARC no-Aaron Blair

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

QAPHELA uJanuwari 2019: Imibhalo efakwe enkantolo khombisa ukuthi iMonsanto kuhlinzekwe uKate Kelland enemibhalo yendaba yakhe kaJuni 2017 ekhuluma ngo-Aaron Blair futhi wamnika umugqa wesilayidi wamaphoyinti okukhuluma inkampani yayifuna ukumbozwa. Ngemininingwane engaphezulu, bheka Okuthunyelwe kukaCarey Gillam's Roundup Trial Tracker.

Ukuhlaziywa okulandelayo kwalungiswa nguCarey Gillam futhi kwathunyelwa ngoJuni 28, 2017:

NgoJuni 14, 2017 Reuters esihlokweni elibhalwe nguKate Kelland, elinesihloko esithi "I-ejensi yomdlavuza ye-WHO ishiye ebumnyameni phezu kobufakazi be-glyphosate," isole ngephutha usosayensi womdlavuza ngokugodla imininingwane ebalulekile ekuhlolweni kokuphepha kwe-glyphosate okwenziwe yi-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Indaba kaKelland iqukethe amaphutha ayiqiniso futhi isho iziphetho eziphikisana nokufundwa okugcwele kwemibhalo ayikhombise njengemithombo eyinhloko. Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi uKelland akazange axhumanise nemibhalo ayikhombile, okwenza abafundi bangakwazi ukuzibona ukuthi uphambuke kangakanani ekuchazeni. I- idokhumenti eyinhloko yomthombo iphikisana ngokusobala nomqondo wendaba kaKelland. Eminye imibhalo indaba yakhe ekhonjisiwe, kepha futhi ayixhumananga nayo, ingatholakala ekugcineni kwalokhu okuthunyelwe.

Ingemuva: Indaba yeReuters yayingenye yochungechunge lwezingcezu ezibucayi i-ejensi yezindaba eyishicilele nge-IARC uKelland ayibhala ngemuva kokuthi i-IARC ihlukanise i-glyphosate njenge kungenzeka i-carcinogen yomuntu ngoMashi 2015. IGlyphosate iyimboni yokubulala ukhula enenzuzo enkulu esetshenziswa njengesithako esiyinhloko emikhiqizweni yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto's Roundup, kanye namakhulu eminye imikhiqizo edayiswa emhlabeni jikelele. Ukwahlukaniswa kwe-IARC kudale ukuqulwa kwamacala amakhulu e-United States alethwe ngabantu abasola ukuthi umdlavuza wabo ubangelwe yiRoundup, futhi kwagqugquzela abalawuli be-European Union kanye ne-US ukuthi bakhulise ukuhlolwa kwabo kwamakhemikhali. Ngokuphendula ukuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC, futhi njengendlela yokuzivikela ekumangalelweni kwamacala kanye nokuqinisa ukwesekwa kwezomthetho, iMonsanto ifake izikhalazo eziningi nge-IARC efuna ukubukela phansi ukwethembeka kwe-IARC. Indaba ka-June 14 Kelland, eyacaphuna isikhulu esiphezulu se “Monsanto” se-Monsanto, yaqinisa leyo mizamo yamasu futhi yashiwo nguMonsanto nabanye embonini yamakhemikhali njengobufakazi bokuthi ukuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC kunamaphutha.

Cabanga ngalokhu:

  • Ukufakwa kukasosayensi u-Aaron Blair, ukukhulumisana okungaqondakali kanye nokuxhumana nge-imeyili endabeni yakhe ngokuthi "amadokhumende asenkantolo" bekungeyona imibhalo yenkantolo kepha bekuyimibhalo eyakhiwe yatholakala njengengxenye yokutholwa enkantolo yamacala amaningi eza nezisulu zomdlavuza Umangalela uMonsanto. Le mibhalo ibiphethwe yithimba labameli bakaMonsanto kanjalo nethimba labammangali. Bheka i-docket US Court Court yesifunda esiseNyakatho neCalifornia, icala lokuhola 3: 16-md-02741-VC. Uma iMonsanto noma i-surrogate inikeze uKelland amadokhumende, lokho kufuna kufanele ngabe kushiwo. Njengoba kunikezwe ukuthi le mibhalo ayitholakalanga enkantolo, njengoba indaba kaKelland isho, kubonakala sengathi iMonsanto noma ama-surrogates batshala udaba lwendaba futhi banikeza uKelland imibhalo, noma okungenani izingxenye ezithile zemibhalo, kanye nokuhlolwa kwayo.
  • Umbhalo kaKelland unikeza ukuphawula nokuchazwa kwesikhundla esivela kuBob Tarone, uKelland amchaza ngokuthi “ozimele ngeMonsanto.” Nokho imininingwane inikezwe yi-IARC kusungula ukuthi iTarone isebenze njengomxhumanisi okhokhelwayo eMonsanto emizameni yayo yokuhlambalaza i-IARC.
  • I-Reuters ihlekise lolu daba ngalesi sitatimende: "Usosayensi ohola lokho kubuyekezwa wayazi ngemininingwane emisha engakhombisi ukuxhumana nomdlavuza - kodwa akakaze akhulume ngayo futhi ne-ejensi ayizange iyinake." UKelland waveza ukuthi uDkt Blair wayefihla ngenhloso imininingwane ebucayi. Noma kunjalo ukufakwa kwemali kukhombisa ukuthi uBlair ufakazile ukuthi imininingwane okukhulunywa ngayo "ibingakalungeli" ukuthunyelwa kumagazini ukuze ishicilelwe futhi ngeke ivunyelwe ukuthi icutshungulwe yi-IARC ngoba ibingakaqedwa futhi ishicilelwe. Idatha eningi yaqoqwa njengengxenye yeSifundo Sezempilo Sezolimo Sase-US ebanzi futhi ibizofakwa eminyakeni eminingana yolwazi olushicilelwe ngaphambili oluvela ku-AHS olungakhombisi ukuhlangana phakathi kwe-glyphosate ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ummeli waseMonsanto ubuze uBlair ngokuthi kungani imininingwane ingashicilelwanga ngesikhathi esizobhekwa yi-IARC, ethi: “Unqume, nganoma yisiphi isizathu, ukuthi leyo datha ngeke ishicilelwe ngaleso sikhathi, ngakho-ke ayizange ibhekwe IARC, akunjalo? ” UBlair uphendule wathi: “Cha. Futhi uyayingcolisa le nqubo. ” “Esinqume ukuthi kube ngumsebenzi ebesiwenza kulezi zifundo ezahlukene ubungakabi - awukakulungeli ukuthunyelwa kumajenali. Noma usuthathe isinqumo sokuyithumela emaphephandabeni ukuze ibuyekezwe, awunqumi ukuthi izoshicilelwa nini. ” (Blair deposition transcript page 259) UBlair uphinde wathi kummeli weMonsanto: “Okungafanelekile ukusheshe uphuthume okuthile okungakahlaziywa ngokuphelele noma kucatshangelwe kahle” (ikhasi 204).
  • UBlair uphinde wethula ubufakazi bokuthi eminye imininingwane evela ku-AHS engakaqedwa, engashicilelwe "ibingabalulekanga ngokwezibalo" (ikhasi 173 lokufaka imali). UBlair uphinde wafakaza kulokho kufakwa mayelana nedatha ekhombisa ukuxhumana okuqinile phakathi kwe-glyphosate ne-NHL nayo engazange ivezelwe i-IARC ngoba ayizange ishicilelwe.
  • UBlair ufakazele ukuthi eminye imininingwane evela ocwaningweni lweProject Pooled Project ikhombise ukuthi ubudlelwane obuqinile kakhulu ne-NHL ne-glyphosate, enobungozi obuphindwe kabili nobuphindwe kathathu obuhambisana ne-pesticide ebonwa kubantu abasebenzisa i-glyphosate ngaphezu kokuphindwe kabili ngonyaka. Njengedatha ye-AHS, le datha nayo ayizange ishicilelwe noma inikezwe i-IARC (amakhasi 274-283 we-Blair deposition).
  • Umbhalo kaKelland uphinde wathi: “UBlair uphinde wathi imininingwane ibizoguqula ukuhlaziywa kwe-IARC. Uthe bekuzokwenza ukuthi kungabi namathuba amancane okuthi i-glyphosate ihlangabezane nemibandela ye-ejensi yokuchazwa ngokuthi 'mhlawumbe yi-carcinogenic.' ”Lobo bufakazi (emakhasini 177-189 of deposition) abuzisekeli nhlobo lezo zitatimende. Ekugcineni uBlair uthi “mhlawumbe” ukuze abuze imibuzo evela kummeli kaMonsanto ebuza ukuthi ngabe idatha ye-AHS ka-2013 ifakiwe yini ekuhlaziyweni kwedatha ye-epidemiology ebhekwe yi-IARC, uma lokho “bekuzokwehlisa ubungozi bezihlobo ze-meta-glyphosate kanye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngisho nangaphezulu… ”Indaba kaKelland nayo ishiya isithombe sokuthi le datha ye-epidemiology engashicilelwe evela ocwaningweni olungakaqedwa ngabe ishintsha umdlalo we-IARC. Eqinisweni, ukufunda lokhu kufakwa ngokuphelele, bese ukukuqhathanisa nombiko we-IARC we-glyphosate, kugcizelela ukuthi lowo mbono ungamanga futhi udukisa kanjani. UBlair ufakaze kuphela kwimininingwane ye-epidemiology futhi i-IARC ibisivele ibubonile ubufakazi besi sifo obubonakala njengobuncane. Ukuhlukaniswa kwayo kwe-glyphosate kwabona ukubaluleka kwedatha yezilwane (i-toxicology) eyibuyekeza, ikubheka "njengokwanele."
  • UKelland uziba izingxenye ezibalulekile zokufakwa kukaBlair ngqo ocwaningweni olushicilelwe lowe-2003 olathola ukuthi “kwakukhona ukuphindeka kabili kwengozi ye-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma kubantu ababekade bevezwa yi-glyphosate” (amakhasi 54-55 of the deposition).
  • UKelland akabunaki ubufakazi obethulwe eBlair mayelana "namaphesenti angama-300 engcupheni eyandisiwe" yomdlavuza ocwaningweni lwaseSweden (ikhasi 60 lokufakwa).
  • Ukufunda konke ukufakwa kwemali kukhombisa ukuthi uBlair ufakaze ngezibonelo eziningi zezifundo ezibonisa ukuhlangana okuhle phakathi kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza, konke uKelland akushaya indiva.
  • UKelland ubhala ukuthi ebufakazini bakhe bezomthetho, uBlair uphinde wachaza i-AHS "njengeyinamandla" futhi wavuma ukuthi imininingwane ayibonisi ukuxhumana nomdlavuza. Uveze ukuthi ubekhuluma ngemininingwane ethile engashicilelwe yango-2013 kwi-NHL ne-glyphosate okuyi-subset encane yolwazi etholwe ku-AHS, lapho ubufakazi bukhombisa ukuthi wayekhuluma ngesambulela esikhulu somsebenzi se-AHS, ebesilandelela imindeni yasepulazini. nokuqoqa idatha kumayelana nezibulala-zinambuzane iminyaka eminingana. Lokho uBlair akusho empeleni nge-AHS ebanzi yilokhu: “Kungumsebenzi onamandla. Futhi kunezinzuzo. Angiqiniseki ukuthi ngingathi yiyona enamandla amakhulu, kodwa isifundo esinamandla. ” (ikhasi 286 lokufaka imali)
    • Ngaphezu kwalokho, lapho ekhuluma ngqo ngemininingwane ye-AHS ka-2013 kwi-glyphosate ne-NHL, uBlair ukuqinisekisile ukuthi imininingwane engashicilelwanga idinga “ukutolikwa okuqaphile” uma kubhekwa inani lamacala avezwe emaqenjini amancane "lincane" (ikhasi 289).
  • UKelland uthi "I-IARC itshele iReuters ukuthi, yize bekukhona imininingwane emisha nge-glyphosate, ibihambisana nokutholakele kwayo," iphakamisa isimo se-cavalier. Isitatimende esinjalo sidukisa ngokuphelele. Yini iARC empeleni wathi bekungumkhuba wayo ukungacabangi okutholakele okungashicilelwanga nokuthi ingahlola kabusha izinto lapho umzimba omkhulu wedatha entsha ushicilelwa ezincwadini.

Ukusabalala okuhlobene:

Imibhalo ezihlobene

Ukufakwa okuqoshwe ngevidiyo kuka-Aaron Earl Blair, Ph.D., Mashi 20, 2017

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I-Monsanto Spin Doctors I-Target Cancer Scientist Ku-Flawed Reuters Indaba

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ekuhlanganisweni kwabezindaba okuhlelwe kahle futhi okuhlelekile, uMonsanto Co nabangane kuleli sonto baphonse ibhomu kubaphikisi abafuna ukufakazela ukuthi i-Roundup herbicide yenkampani ethandekayo ibangela umdlavuza.

A indaba esatshalaliswa kabanzi ishicilelwe ngoJuni 14 esiteshini sezindaba somhlaba wonke iReuters (engangikusebenzela phambilini) yabeka okubonakala kuyindaba eyihlazo yolwazi olufihliwe nososayensi oyimfihlo, izambulo "ezikhethekile" ukuthi le ndaba yathi zingaguqula ukuhlukaniswa okubucayi konyaka ka-2015 I-Roundup kaMonsanto yomdlavuza futhi kwadala amagagasi amacala amelene neMonsanto.

Kwakuyi-blockbuster yendaba, futhi kwaphindwa yizinhlangano zezindaba emhlabeni wonke, ziqhutshwa yimithombo yezindaba evela ezinhlanganweni ezisekelwa yiMonsanto kanye amacilongo abasebenzisana nomkhakha njengomkhandlu waseMelika Chemistry.

Kwakunamaphutha futhi kudukisa ngezindlela eziningi ezibucayi.

Ibhalwe yintatheli yeReuters uKate Kelland, onomlando wobudlelwano obuhle neqembu elixhaswe ngemali yinzuzo yezinkampani zezolimo, lesi siqephu sisole udokotela wezifo eziphezulu ovela e-US National Cancer Institute ngokwehluleka ukuhlanganyela imininingwane "ebalulekile" yesayensi nabanye ososayensi njengoba bonke basebenze ndawonye behlola i-herbicide glyphosate ye-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Lelo qembu libuyekeze ucwaningo olubanzi nge-glyphosate futhi lathola ngoMashi ka-2015 ukuthi umuthi wokubulala izinambuzane kufanele ubekwe njenge kungenzeka i-carcinogen yomuntu. Ukube iqembu belazi ngale datha elahlekile, isiphetho salo belingahluka, ngokusho kweReuters.

Le ndaba yanikezwa ngesikhathi esifanele i-glyphosate kanti iRoundup iphakathi nendawo yamacala amakhulu e-United States futhi ihlolisiswa ngabalawuli baseMelika nabaseYurophu. Ngemuva kokwahlukaniswa kwe-IARC, iMonsanto yamangalelwa ngabantu abangaphezu kwe-1,000 XNUMX e-United States abathi bona noma abathandekayo babo bathola i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) ekuvezweni yi-Roundup esekwe eMonsanto futhi inkampani namacala angaqala ukuya ukuqulwa kwecala ngonyaka ozayo. I-Roundup yi-herbicide esetshenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni futhi iletha izigidigidi zamaRandi ngonyaka eMonsanto. Le nkampani igcizelela ukuthi ukuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC akunamsebenzi futhi ikhemikhali likhonjwe liphephile ngamashumi eminyaka ocwaningo.

Yebo, bekuyindaba enkulu ethola amaphuzu amakhulu eMonsanto empikiswaneni yezokuphepha kwe-glyphosate. Kepha ukubhoboza ngokujulile ekuhlolweni nasekukhetheni kocezu lweReuters kuyenza icace le ndaba ukuthi ayinamaphutha amabi kuphela, kepha nokuthi iyingxenye yomzamo oqhubekayo futhi owenziwe ngokucophelela nguMonsanto kanye nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane ukudicilela phansi umsebenzi we-IARC.

Le ndaba iqukethe okungenani amaphutha amabili abonakala eyiqiniso aya ekuthembekeni kwengqikimba yawo. Okokuqala le ndaba ibalula “imibhalo yasenkantolo” njengemithombo eyinhloko kanti empeleni amadokhumende okubhekiswe kuwo awazange afakwe enkantolo futhi ngenxa yalokho awatholakali esidlangalaleni ukuze izintatheli noma amalungu omphakathi awathole. UKelland akahlanganyeli ngezixhumanisi zemibhalo ayikhombayo kepha ukwenza kucace ukuthi imininingwane yakhe isuselwa kakhulu ekubekweni okuvela ku-Aaron Blair, iNational Cancer Institute epidemiologist owayengusihlalo weqembu elisebenzayo le-IARC ku-glyphosate, kanye nama-imeyili ahlobene namanye amarekhodi. Zonke zitholwe yiMonsanto njengengxenye yenqubo yokutholakala kwecala leRoundup elilinde enkantolo yaseSan Francisco. Ngokucaphuna amadokhumende asenkantolo, uKelland wayegwema ukukhuluma nokuthi ngabe iMonsanto noma ababambisene nayo bamnikeze amarekhodi noma cha. Futhi ngenxa yokuthi i-athikili ayizange inikeze isixhumanisi ekubekweni kwe-Blair, abafundi abakwazi ukubona ingxoxo ephelele yocwaningo olungashicilelwe noma ukuphawula okuningi okwenziwe nguBlair kwezinye izifundo eziningi okukhombisa ubufakazi bokuxhumana phakathi kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza. Nginikeza ukuthunyelwa lapha, nokudalula ukuthi ngicelile futhi ngakuthola kubameli ababandakanyeka ecaleni le-Roundup ngemuva kokushicilelwa kwendaba kaKelland.

Okwesibili, le ndaba incike ngokwengxenye kumbono olwa ne-IARC wososayensi ogama lakhe linguBob Tarone futhi ubhekisela kuye njengochwepheshe "ozimele", umuntu "ozimele ngeMonsanto." UKelland ucaphuna uTarone ethi ukuhlolwa kwe-IARC kwe-glyphosate “kunamaphutha futhi akuphelele.” Ngaphandle, ngokusho kwe- imininingwane enikezwe yi-IARC, ITarone ikude kakhulu nokuzimela kweMonsanto; UTarone empeleni uvumile ukuthi ungumxhumanisi okhokhelwayo eMonsanto, futhi isiqeshana esicashunwe yiReuters futhi eyabhalwa nguTarone ngonyaka owedlule ephephabhukwini lezesayensi laseYurophu iyalungiswa kabusha ukuze ikhombise ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo kukaTarone, ngokusho kwe-IARC, ethi beyixhumana naleyo magazini.

Kepha okuphawuleka kakhulu kunamaphutha ukuthi indaba ikhetha kanjani ekukhetheni ekubekweni kweBlair. Le ndaba yazishaya indiva iziqinisekiso eziningi zikaBlair zocwaningo ezibonisa ukuxhumana kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza, futhi wagxila kulwazi lukaBlair ucwaningo olulodwa olungashicilelwe lokho bekusaqhubeka. Le ndaba ikhuluma ngokuqagela ukuthi kungenzeka ukuthi idatha ingaqedwa futhi yashicilelwa ngesikhathi ukuthi ibuyekezwe yi-IARC nokuqagela okwengeziwe nguBlair, okuqhutshwa ngummeli weMonsanto, ukuthi ngabe bekuqediwe futhi ngabe kushicilelwe bekungasiza ekuphikiseni ezinye izifundo ezibukwe yi-IARC ezibonisa ukuxhumana okuhle komdlavuza.

Lolo cwaningo, oluyingxenye yomsebenzi omkhulu oqhubekayo wabaphenyi bakahulumeni wase-US obize i- Ucwaningo Lwezempilo Lwezolimo, kufaka amakhulu ezifundo kanye neminyaka yedatha ehlaziya imithelela yezibulala-zinambuzane kubalimi. UBlair, owathatha umhlalaphansi kwiNational Cancer Institute ngo-2007, wayengaholi kulolo cwaningo kodwa wayeyingxenye yethimba lososayensi okwathi ngo-2013 bahlaziya imininingwane ngokusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane kanye nengozi ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Idatha eqondene ne-glyphosate ayikhombisanga ukuxhumana ne-NHL kepha ekusebenzeni ukushicilela iphepha mayelana nayo yonke imininingwane iqembu eliyiqoqile, banquma ukunciphisa ukugxila kwizinambuzane futhi ngo-2014 ushicilele iphepha kulowo msebenzi. Imininingwane ye-glyphosate ne-NHL isazoshicilelwa, kanti abanye ososayensi abajwayelene nomsebenzi bathi awulandelanga abantu isikhathi esanele ngokwanele ukuthi banikezwe i-NHL ngokuvamile kuthatha iminyaka engama-20 noma ngaphezulu ukuthuthuka. Ukuhlanganiswa kwangaphambili kwemininingwane ngabaphenyi be-AHS nakho okungakhombisi ukuxhumana phakathi kwe-glyphosate ne-NHL eshicilelwe ku-2005 futhi yabhekwa yi-IARC. Kepha ngoba idatha entsha ayishicilelwanga ayizange icatshangwe yi-IARC.

UBlair uthe isinqumo sokunciphisa umsebenzi oshicilelwe emithini yokubulala izinambuzane ukwenza idatha iphathwe kahle futhi yenziwe kahle ngaphambi kokuthi i-IARC imemezele ukuthi izobheka i-glyphosate e2015.

"Umthetho ubheka kuphela izinto ezishicilelwe," uBlair ungitshele kuleli sonto ngemuva kokushicilelwa kwendaba yeReuters. "Kungaba njani uma wonke umuntu eqenjini elisebenzayo ehlebela izinto azaziyo kodwa angashicilelwa bese ethatha izinqumo ngalokho?" I-IARC ikuqinisekisile ukuthi ayicabangi ngocwaningo olungashicilelwe. Esikhundleni sakhe, uBlair uthi akukho okushintshe umbono wakhe nge-glyphosate ne-NHL.

Isazi se-Epidemiologist kanye nososayensi wase-University of Toronto uJohn McLaughlin, owayehlala eqenjini elisebenza nge-glyphosate le-IARC noBlair, uthe kimi encwadini kuleli sonto ukuthi imininingwane ngomsebenzi ongashicilelwe obhalwe yiReuters ayizange iguqule umbono wakhe ngokuba semthethweni kwe-IARC isiphetho nge-glyphosate noma.

Okunye okushiywe ngaphandle endabeni yeReuters - ukubekwa kanye nekhophi esalungiswa yocwaningo okukhulunywa ngalo kukhombisa ukuthi kube nokukhathazeka ngemiphumela ye-AHS ngenxa yamaqembu amancane "amancane" wamacala aveziwe. Futhi okuphawuleka kakhulu, umbiko weReuters uyishiya ngaphandle ingxoxo kaBlair yeNorth American Pooled Project, lapho abamba khona iqhaza, equkethe nemininingwane ephathelene ne-glyphosate ne-NHL kepha ayihambisani neMonsanto. A amazwibela aloo phrojekthi eyethulwe kwi-International Society for Environmental Epidemiology ngonyaka ka-2015 ikhombisile ukuthi abantu abasebenzisa i-glyphosate iminyaka engaphezu kwemihlanu bakhulise kakhulu amathuba okuba ne-NHL, futhi ingozi nayo ibiphakeme kakhulu kubantu abaphethe i-glyphosate isikhathi esingaphezu kwezinsuku ezimbili ngonyaka. Lolo lwazi, njengedatha entsha ye-AHS, aluzange lunikezwe i-IARC ngoba yayingakashicilelwa.

"Lapho kufakwa ingqikithi yediphozithi kaDkt. Blair isiyonke, kukhombisa ukuthi akukho lutho olugodliwe i-IARC," kusho ummeli kaPlaintiffs u-Aimee Wagstaff. Uthe iMonsanto ibisebenzisa izingcezu zesikhundla sayo "ukuqhubekisela phambili uhlelo lwayo kwabezindaba."

Ku-epidemiologist uPeter Infante, ochithe iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-20 ehola uphiko lokuhlonza umdlavuza e-Occupational Safety and Health Administration futhi wahlaziya ucwaningo lwe-epidemiology ku-glyphosate efakazela iKomidi Eliluleka Ngezesayensi Yezemvelo (EPA) ngoDisemba, ukunakwa ukudonselwa kwimininingwane engashicilelwe esekela isikhundla sikaMonsanto kuyisidina esikhulu ngalutho.

"Usenezinye izifundo ezibonisa impendulo yedosi," wangitshela. “Lolu Cwaningo Lwezempilo Kwezolimo akulona izinga legolide. Nge-glyphosate ne-NHL bebengalandeli abantu isikhathi eside ngokwanele. Noma ngabe imininingwane ibishicilelwe futhi yabhekwa yi-IARC bekungaba semongweni wayo yonke eminye imiphumela yokufunda. ”

Futhi ekugcineni, ngokukhishwa okungajwayelekile, le ndaba yehluleka ukudalula ukuthi uKelland uqobo unobuhlobo obuncane bokuhlangana noMonsanto nabangane. UKelland usize ukukhuthaza inhlangano ebizwa nge- Isayensi Media Center, iqembu inhloso yalo ukuxhuma ososayensi abathile abanjengoTarone nezintatheli ezinjengoKelland, futhi elithola imali enkulu kunazo zonke ezinkampanini ezibandakanya imboni yezolimo. Abaxhasi bamanje nabangaphambilini kufaka phakathi iMonsanto, umlingani ohlongozwayo wokuhlangana kukaMonsanto iBayer AG, iDuPont kanye nomkhakha wezolimo wezolimo iCropLife International. UKelland uvela ku- ividiyo yokukhangisa kwabakwaSMC betusa leli qembu futhi babhala nendatshana ebabaza i-SMC ebivele ku Umbiko wokuphromotha we-SMC.

Njengentatheli yeReuters iminyaka eyi-17 (1998-2015) ngiyazi ukubaluleka kwe- "exclusive." Lapho kunqwabelana onqenqemeni bezintatheli, amaphuzu ebhonasi amaningi kanye nokudumisa okuphezulu okuvela kubahleli. Luhlelo olubonwa ezinhlanganweni eziningi zezindaba futhi lusebenza kahle uma lukhuthaza ubuntatheli obunenkani, obunophenyo. Kepha izinkampani ezinamandla njengeMonsanto nazo ziyazi ukuthi izintatheli zikulangazelele kangakanani ukuthola umhlaba zodwa futhi ziyazi ukuthi ukunikezela izintatheli ezithandwayo imininingwane ekhethwe nge-cherry ngesithembiso sokukhetha kungasiza izidingo zazo zobudlelwano bomphakathi kahle kakhulu. Landela le ndaba efuthwe ngesandla ngokukhishwa kwabezindaba esitolo esikhokhelwa yimboni futhi ufuna kwenziwe uphenyo eqenjini lezimboni i-American Chemistry Council futhi une-propaganda yegolide.

Lokho ongenakho iqiniso.

UCarey Gillam, uMqondisi Wezocwaningo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UCarey Gillam ungumbhali wencwadi ewine imiklomelo, “I-Whitewash: Indaba Yombulali Wokhula, Umdlavuza Nenkohlakalo Yesayensi”(Island Press, 2017) kanye nentatheli engumakadebona, umcwaningi nombhali onolwazi olungaphezulu kweminyaka engama-20 embonini yezindaba. Incwadi kaGillam ithole udumo URachel Carson Book Award ovela eNhlanganweni Yezintatheli Zezemvelo ukwembula amashumi eminyaka ezimfihlo zebhizinisi namasu akhohlisayo yizinkampani ezinamandla zezibulala-zinambuzane, nokuthi ukufuna inzuzo kwezinkampani kuthathe kanjani kuqala kunokuvikela umphakathi. "Lokhu kuhlolwa okufika ngesikhathi futhi okuhleleke kahle kwezingxabano ezisusa izingqinamba emhlabeni mayelana nesayensi nezolimo kucwaningwe kahle futhi kubhalwe kahle futhi kuyatholakala kubafundi abangenalo ulwazi olunzulu lwesayensi," kubhala amajaji.

Ngaphambi kokujoyina i-US Right to Know, uGillam uchithe iminyaka eyi-17 njengo- Intatheli ephezulu yeReuters, insizakalo yezindaba yomhlaba wonke. Kuleyo ndima, ubhekele kakhulu ekuhlanganiseni ukudla nezolimo ngokugxila ikakhulukazi ekukhuleni kobuchwepheshe bezitshalo ze-biotech, ukuthuthukiswa komkhiqizo wezibulala-zinambuzane, kanye nemithelela yemvelo yomibili, futhi wakhulisa ulwazi olujulile lwezinkampani ezihola phambili zezolimo ezibandakanya IMonsanto, iDow AgroSciences, iDuPont, iBASF, iBayer neSyngenta.

UGillam uhlonishwe njengomunye wezintatheli ezihamba phambili ezweni ezidingida lezi zinkinga futhi uvame ukucelwa ukuthi akhulume emsakazweni nakuthelevishini futhi avele ezingqungqutheleni azokwabelana ngolwazi lwakhe ngezinkinga eziphikiswana kakhulu ezibandakanya ukudla nezolimo. Uhlala e-Overland Park, eKansas, nomyeni wakhe nezingane ezintathu.

Xhumana noCarey: carey@usrtk.org
Landela uCarey ku-Twitter: @Ukhozi_fm

Funda Izindatshana zikaCarey Gillam lapha.