Hōʻike nā palapala hou o Monsanto i ka pilina ʻoluʻolu i ka mea kākau Reuters

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Ua ʻike mākou mai nā palapala i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma mua e pili ana ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland i pili nui no Monsanto i kāna hana e hoʻohaʻahaʻa a hoʻowahāwahā ʻia i nā ʻepekema o ka World Health Organisation for Research on Cancer (IARC) nāna i wehewehe i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha i ka makahiki 2015. I kēia manawa loaʻa nā hōʻike hou aʻe o ka ʻoluʻolu o ka pilina.

ʻAʻole wale ʻo Kelland i kākau i kahi moʻolelo 2017 a Monsanto i noi aku ai iā ia e kākau ma ke ʻano like me ke noi ʻana mai o ka luna hoʻomalu ʻo Monsanto Sam Murphey iā ia e kākau, (me ka hōʻike ʻole aku i ka poʻe heluhelu ʻo Monsanto ke kumu,) akā i kēia manawa ʻike mākou i ka hōʻike o kahi kiko o kahi kaʻawale moʻolelo Kelland did about glyphosate was hāʻawi ʻia iā Monsanto  ma mua o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana, kahi hana maʻa mau ʻia e nā nūhou.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka moʻolelo i kākau ʻia e Kelland i leka uila ʻia iā Murphey me ka laina kumuhana "My draft, Confidential."

ʻO ka moʻolelo i kau ʻia ma ke poʻo inoa "ʻO ke aʻo hou ʻana ma Monsanto ka mea hoʻomake mauʻu e hānai ai i kahi koho balota nui a EU," e pili ana i nā ʻike mua o kahi noi i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e kahi ʻepekema ʻItalia e hōʻike ana i nā ʻiole hoʻokolohua i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate ma nā pae e like me ka mea i ʻae ʻia i nā kānaka. hopena. ʻO ka mana hope loa ua paʻiʻia maʻApelila 13, 2017.

a kekahi leka uila hou i hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā kikoʻī e pili ana i nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o ʻelua mau moʻolelo Kelland ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka leka uila o Malaki 1, 2016 e pili ana i ke komo ʻana o Monsanto ʻO ka hoʻāla ʻo "Red Flag"  i loko o kahi moʻolelo Reuters i hoʻopuka mua ʻia e kūʻē ana iā IARC a me ka makemake e hoʻohuli i kahi moʻolelo like ʻelua a Reuters e hoʻolālā nei. ʻO Red Flag kahi PR a me lobbying firm ma Dublin i hana e pale aku i ka palekana glyphosate a paipai i nā leka pro-glyphosate ma o nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e like me nā hui mahiʻai.

Wahi a ka leka uila i hapa hapa ʻia, "ma hope o ke komo ʻana a Red Flag i kekahi mau mahina i hala aku nei, ua nui ka manaʻo o ka ʻāpana mua iā IARC." Hele aku ka leka uila: "E ʻike paha ʻoe e pili ana ka Red Flag me Reuters e pili ana i ka hōʻike ʻelua o ke kaʻina…"

Ma kahi o hoʻokahi mahina ma hope, ua paʻi ʻo Reuters i kā Kelland poʻo moʻolelo "Hōʻike Kūʻokoʻa: Pehea e huikau ai ka ʻoihana olakino o ka World Health Organization i nā mea kūʻai aku." 

Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana o kēia mau leka i ka hōʻike leka o ka leka uila e hōʻike kikoʻī nei i ke kōkua ʻana o Kelland iā Monsanto e hoʻokele i kahi moʻolelo wahaheʻe e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Aaron Blair i kāna kuleana ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka hui hana IARC nāna i hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha. I loko opalapala leka uila ternal Monsanto i kākau ʻia ma ʻApelila 27, 2017 e hōʻike ana ua hoʻouna ʻo Monanto executive Sam Murphey i ka moʻolelo i makemake ʻia e ka hui iā Kelland me he paheʻe paheʻe o nā kiko kamaʻilio a me nā ʻāpana o ka waiho ʻana o Blair i faila ʻole ʻia i ka ʻaha.

Ma Iune 14, 2017, Kelland i kākau he moʻolelo hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma muli o kāna mea i ʻōlelo ai he "palapala ʻaha," ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he mau palapala i hānai ʻia iā ia e Murphey. Ma muli o ka waiho ʻole ʻia o nā palapala a Kelland i hōʻike ai i ka hale hoʻokolokolo ʻaʻole lākou i loaʻa ākea no ka nānā maʻalahi ʻana e ka poʻe heluhelu. Ma ka hāʻawi wahaheʻe ʻana i ka ʻikepili ma muli o nā palapala a ka ʻaha i hōʻalo ai ʻo ia i ka haʻi ʻana i kā Monsanto kuleana i ka hoʻokele ʻana i ka moʻolelo.

I ka wā i puka mai ai ka moʻolelo, ua hōʻike ʻia ʻo Blair e hūnā nei i ka "ʻike nui" i loaʻa ʻole nā ​​loulou ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai mai IARC. Ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kahi hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻike ʻo Blair "ua hoʻololi ka ʻikepili i kā ʻIARC kālailai ʻana" ʻoiai kahi loiloi o ka waihona maoli hōʻike mai ʻaʻole i ʻōlelo ʻo Blair i kēlā.

ʻAʻole hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i kahi loulou i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike pono iā lākou iho i ka lōʻihi o kāna huakaʻi mai ka pololei.

Ua huki ʻia ka moʻolelo e ka poʻe pāpāho a puni ka honua, a paipai ʻia e Monsanto a me nā hui ʻenehana kemika. Ua kūʻai ʻia nā hoʻolaha Google e hoʻolaha ana i ka moʻolelo. Ua hoʻohana ʻia kēia moʻolelo e Monsanto e hoʻouka iā IARC ma nā mua he nui, e like me ka hoʻāʻo a Monsanto e kiʻi i ka ʻahaʻōlelo e wehe i ke kālā mai IARC.

ʻAʻohe mea hewa ʻole i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā manaʻo moʻolelo e pōmaikaʻi ai nā ʻoihana mai nā ʻoihana ponoʻī. Hana ʻia i nā manawa āpau. Akā pono e ʻeleu ka poʻe nūpepa i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole i ka hoʻolaha pāʻoihana.

Ua pale aku ka luna hoʻoponopono o Reuters ʻo Mike Williams i kā Kelland hana a hōʻole e hoʻopuka i kahi wehewehe a hoʻoponopono paha ma ka ʻāpana ʻo Aaron Blair. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "He ʻāpana nui ia, a kū piha wau iā ia." Kākoʻo ʻo Reuters i ka "etika hoʻoponopono" Kākoʻo ʻo Alix Freedman i kā Kelland Blair moʻolelo, ʻoiai ʻo ka hōʻike e pili ana i ka pili ʻana o Monsanto a me ka hōʻike ʻole o ke komo ʻana i ka poʻe heluhelu. "Haʻaheo mākou iā ia a kū ma hope o ia," wahi a Freedman i kahi leka uila.

Ma kahi leka pilikino, ua hala wau he 17 mau makahiki ma ke ʻano he mea kākau nūhou ma Reuters e uhi ana iā Monsanto a makaʻu wau i kēia hana hewa i nā kūlana nūhou. He mea nui ia ʻo Alix Freedman ka mea like nāna i haʻi iaʻu ʻaʻole wau i ʻae ʻia e kākau e pili ana i nā noiʻi ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa he nui o ka glyphosate a Monsanto e hōʻike nei i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole.

ʻO ka mea liʻiliʻi loa, pono ʻo Kelland e hoʻopono me nā mea heluhelu a ʻae ʻo Monsanto kāna kumu - ma kēlā moʻolelo, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe paha. Loaʻa iā Reuters ka honua - a me IARC - kahi kala kala.

No ka mea hou aku e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, ʻike i kēia ʻatikala.

 

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

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e pili pū ana: Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila, na Stacy Malkan

Hōʻike kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i nā ʻike o Monsanto pelekikena pilikino pili pilikino e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo ka hui o nā loea o ka honua ma ka papa IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻonohonoho ka Monsanto i nā inoa ʻoi aku ma kahi o ʻumikūmālua mau "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna o ka ʻoihana e "hoʻomaopopo / inoculate / komo" i kā lākou mau hana e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi uhi no nā keʻena hoʻokele. " Hoʻopili nā hoa i nā kālaihana e like me nā hui kemika a me nā ʻoihana mua, nā hui kālepa a me nā hui lobby - e hāhai i nā loulou i lalo i nā pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāʻawi i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hui hoa.

Hoʻolako pū kēia mau pepa pono i kahinse o ka hohonu a me ka laulā o ka corporaʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka poʻe akamai i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i ka lanakila ʻananse o Mlāʻau make-ʻona ʻo Onsanto.

Nā pahuhopu a Monsanto no ka hana ʻana me ka helu ʻana o ka carcinogenicity IARC no glyphosate (ʻaoʻao 5).

kāʻei kua

ʻO kahi palapala nui i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2017 i kaʻina kānāwai Ke kūʻē nei ʻo Monsanto i ka “mākaukau a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻoweliweli” a ka ʻoihana no ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no glyphosate ʻo ka mahiʻai pono loa. ʻO ka palapala Monsanto kūloko - i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 23, 2015 - hāʻawi i nā limahana he nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau limahana o Monsanto i nā pahuhopu e pili ana i ka “neenee i ka hopena o ka hoʻoholo ʻana,” “ka hoʻokele hoʻokonukonu,” “e hōʻoia iā MON POV” a me ka “leo alakaʻi i loko ʻo wai ʻo IARC a me ka huhū 2B. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, ua hoʻolaha ʻo IARC i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka. "

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike: “Pehea i hana ai ʻo Monsanto i ka huhū ma ka Classical Cancer Classification i manaʻo ʻia,”Na Carey Gillam, Huffington Post (9/19/2017)

ʻO Monsanto's Tier 1-4 "ʻOihana Hana"

ʻAoʻao 5 o ka palapala Monsanto hōʻike i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna hoʻokō ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna papahana hoʻomākaukau IARC. Loaʻa ka laulā a me ka hopena o kēia mau pūʻulu i ka hoʻokau ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pale ai i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana 1 kahi lobby-ʻohana kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia a me nā hui PR.

ʻO nā hoa hana ʻoihana 2 kahi hui mua i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, akā hana pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o nā hanana i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana 3 ʻoihana ka ʻoihana-ʻai kālā kālā kālā ʻole a me nā hui kālepa. Ua kālele ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu iā, "ʻO nā hui meaʻai Alert ma o ka hui ʻo Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) no ka 'inoculation strategy' e hoʻolako i ka ʻike mua i nā pae koena glyphosate, e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā kuhiakau i kipaku ʻia e ka papahana. panela.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻehā ʻo “nā hui a ka mea ulu nui.” ʻO kēia nā hui kālepa like ʻole e kū ana i ke kō, ka soy a me nā mea ulu ʻenehana a me nā mea hana meaʻai.

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē ʻana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma glyphosate

Ua wehewehe ka palapala PR a Monsanto i kā lākou manaʻo e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orchestrate outcry with the IARC decision."

Pehea e pāʻani ai i waho e hiki ai ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kākau a ka hoa ʻoihana nā hui i hoʻohana i nā leka maʻamau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka hana hewa ʻole a hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema i hana ma ka hōʻike glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā laʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project. Ke koi nei kēia hui he kumu kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema, akā naʻe. nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know show hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā mau hana like. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jon Entine i ka hui ma 2011 ke lilo ʻo Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. ʻO kahi taktika hui mua mua kēia; ke neʻe nei i ka leka ʻana o kahi hui ma o kahi hui e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Hōʻike ka manaʻo iā Sense About Science e "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana"

Kūkākūkā ka palapala PR a Monsanto i nā hoʻolālā e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orctrate outcry with the IARC decision." Hōʻike ka papahana i ka hui Sense About Science (i nā paʻa me kahi māka nīnau) no "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana a hāʻawi i ka pae no nā mea nānā IARC a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

ʻO Sense About Science kahi aloha lehulehu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ladana kēlā kiki ana i paipai i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo ka hui “ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana ʻae i ka ʻae ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha, "I hōʻike ʻo Liza Gross ma The Intercept. I ka 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science i kahi mana US ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a  ʻO Trevor Butterworth, kahi mea kākau me ka moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka ʻae ʻole ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i nā kinikini ʻona.

Pili ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, he ʻoihana ʻepekema PR ma Ladana e loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana a ʻike ʻia no e hoʻokuke nei i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema. He mea kākau moʻolelo me pili pili loa i ka Science Media Center, ʻO Kate Kelland, i paʻi i kekahi mau ʻatikala ma Reuters e loiloi ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i hoʻokumu ʻia nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a kūpono ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana. Ua hoʻolaha nui ʻia nā ʻatikala Reuters e nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo “Monsanto” a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka kumu no hoʻouka politika kūʻē iā IARC.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters," ʻLelo ʻo IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Hoʻolālā ʻo Reuters 'Aaron Blair IARC moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Wahi a Reuters i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o IARC "hoʻoponopono ʻia" he wahaheʻe pū kekahi ia, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ke hoʻopili nei nā pilina ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema?" ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana (7 / 24 / 2017)

"Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller"

Kuhi ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka Monsanto PR palapala i ka lawe waho mua no ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻomākaukau: "E hoʻopili iā Henry Miller" e "hoʻokomo / hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC a me nā loiloi."

"Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoo kiʻekiʻe."

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology a ka FDA, he moʻolelo lōʻihi i kākauʻia o ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui e pale aku i nā huahana weliweli. Kuhi ka papahana Monsanto i ka "MON nona" o ka hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Eric Sachs, ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me ke alakaʻi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā Monsanto.

Nā palapala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times hōʻike i kēlā Sachs leka uila iā Miller hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate e nīnau ai inā makemake ʻo Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka "hoʻoholo kūʻē." Pane maila ʻo Miller, "Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe." Ma Malaki 23, Miller kau ʻia kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes i "aniani nui" i ka hoʻolālā i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto, e like me ka Times. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Forbes i kona pilina me Miller i ke ala ʻana o ka hana ʻino a me ka holoi i kāna mau ʻatikala mai ka pūnaewele.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ʻOiai ʻo ka inoa ʻo Monsanto PR ʻaʻole inoa ka Hui Kālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka hui (ACSH) i waena o kāna mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana," nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto Ua uku kālā ʻia i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a noi aku i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike Glyphosate IARC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu nā luna o Monsanto e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me ACSH akā pēlā nō no ka mea, "ʻaʻohe nui o kā mākou poʻe kākoʻo a hiki ʻole ke lilo i kekahi mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou."

Ua kākau ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein i kāna mau hoa, "Hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe ʻaʻole wau a pau i ka maka e pili ana i ka ACSH Ua hoʻouna ʻo Goldstein i nā loulou i nā hanana ACSH he nui e hāpai a pale ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL."

E nānā i kekahi: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Agrichemical 

E hāhai i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kālaiʻike ma mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa nā palapala USRTK i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika mālama ʻia e UCSF.

Hōʻike nā palapala hou o Monsanto i ka pilina ʻoluʻolu i ka mea kākau Reuters

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Na Carey Gillam 

(Hoʻohou i ka lā 25 ʻApelila 2019) 

Ua ʻike mākou mai nā palapala i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma mua e pili ana ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland i pili nui no Monsanto i kāna hana e hoʻohaʻahaʻa a hoʻowahāwahā ʻia i nā ʻepekema o ka World Health Organisation for Research on Cancer (IARC) nāna i wehewehe i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha i ka makahiki 2015. I kēia manawa loaʻa nā hōʻike hou aʻe o ka ʻoluʻolu o ka pilina.

ʻAʻole wale ʻo Kelland i kākau i kahi moʻolelo 2017 a Monsanto i noi aku ai iā ia e kākau ma ke ʻano like me ke noi ʻana mai o ka luna hoʻomalu ʻo Monsanto Sam Murphey iā ia e kākau, (me ka hōʻike ʻole aku i ka poʻe heluhelu ʻo Monsanto ke kumu,) akā i kēia manawa ʻike mākou i ka hōʻike o kahi kiko o kahi kaʻawale moʻolelo Kelland did about glyphosate was hāʻawi ʻia iā Monsanto  ma mua o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana, kahi hana maʻa mau ʻia e nā nūhou.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka moʻolelo i kākau ʻia e Kelland i leka uila ʻia ma mua o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana iā Murphey me ka laina kumuhana "My draft, Confidential."

ʻO ka moʻolelo i kau ʻia ma ke poʻo inoa "ʻO ke aʻo hou ʻana ma Monsanto ka mea hoʻomake mauʻu e hānai ai i kahi koho balota nui a EU," e pili ana i nā ʻike mua o kahi noi i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e kahi ʻepekema ʻItalia e hōʻike ana i nā ʻiole hoʻokolohua i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate ma nā pae e like me ka mea i ʻae ʻia i nā kānaka. hopena. ʻO ka mana hope loa ua paʻiʻia maʻApelila 13, 2017.

a kekahi leka uila hou i hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā kikoʻī e pili ana i nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o ʻelua mau moʻolelo Kelland ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka leka uila o Malaki 1, 2016 e pili ana i ke komo ʻana o Monsanto ʻO ka hoʻāla ʻo "Red Flag"  i loko o kahi moʻolelo Reuters i hoʻopuka mua ʻia e kūʻē ana iā IARC a me ka makemake e hoʻohuli i kahi moʻolelo like ʻelua a Reuters e hoʻolālā nei. ʻO Red Flag kahi PR a me lobbying firm ma Dublin i hana e pale aku i ka palekana glyphosate a paipai i nā leka pro-glyphosate ma o nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e like me nā hui mahiʻai. Wahi a ka leka uila i hapa hapa ʻia, "ma hope o ke komo ʻana a Red Flag i kekahi mau mahina i hala aku nei, ua nui ka manaʻo o ka ʻāpana mua iā IARC." Hele aku ka leka uila: "E ʻike paha ʻoe e pili ana ka Red Flag me Reuters e pili ana i ka hōʻike ʻelua o ke kaʻina…"

Ma kahi o hoʻokahi mahina ma hope, ua paʻi ʻo Reuters i kā Kelland poʻo moʻolelo "Hōʻike Kūʻokoʻa: Pehea e huikau ai ka ʻoihana olakino o ka World Health Organization i nā mea kūʻai aku." 

Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana o kēia mau leka i ka hōʻike leka o ka leka uila e hōʻike kikoʻī nei i ke kōkua ʻana o Kelland iā Monsanto e hoʻokele i kahi moʻolelo wahaheʻe e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Aaron Blair i kāna kuleana ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka hui hana IARC nāna i hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha. I loko opalapala leka uila ternal Monsanto i kākau ʻia ma ʻApelila 27, 2017 e hōʻike ana ua hoʻouna ʻo Monanto executive Sam Murphey i ka moʻolelo i makemake ʻia e ka hui iā Kelland me he paheʻe paheʻe o nā kiko kamaʻilio a me nā ʻāpana o ka waiho ʻana o Blair i faila ʻole ʻia i ka ʻaha. 

Ma Iune 14, 2017, Kelland i kākau he moʻolelo hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma muli o kāna mea i ʻōlelo ai he "palapala ʻaha," ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he mau palapala i hānai ʻia iā ia e Murphey. Ma muli o ka waiho ʻole ʻia o nā palapala a Kelland i hōʻike ai i ka hale hoʻokolokolo ʻaʻole lākou i loaʻa ākea no ka nānā maʻalahi ʻana e ka poʻe heluhelu. Ma ka hāʻawi wahaheʻe ʻana i ka ʻikepili ma muli o nā palapala a ka ʻaha i hōʻalo ai ʻo ia i ka haʻi ʻana i kā Monsanto kuleana i ka hoʻokele ʻana i ka moʻolelo.

I ka wā i puka mai ai ka moʻolelo, ua hōʻike ʻia ʻo Blair e hūnā nei i ka "ʻike nui" i loaʻa ʻole nā ​​loulou ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai mai IARC. Ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kahi hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻike ʻo Blair "ua hoʻololi ka ʻikepili i kā ʻIARC kālailai ʻana" ʻoiai kahi loiloi o ka waihona maoli hōʻike mai ʻaʻole i ʻōlelo ʻo Blair i kēlā.

ʻAʻole hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i kahi loulou i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike pono iā lākou iho i ka lōʻihi o kāna huakaʻi mai ka pololei.

Ua huki ʻia ka moʻolelo e ka poʻe pāpāho a puni ka honua, a paipai ʻia e Monsanto a me nā hui ʻenehana kemika. Ua kūʻai ʻia nā hoʻolaha Google e hoʻolaha ana i ka moʻolelo. Ua hoʻohana ʻia kēia moʻolelo e Monsanto e hoʻouka iā IARC ma nā mua he nui, e like me ka hoʻāʻo a Monsanto e kiʻi i ka ʻahaʻōlelo e wehe i ke kālā mai IARC.

ʻAʻohe mea hewa ʻole i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā manaʻo moʻolelo e pōmaikaʻi ai nā ʻoihana mai nā ʻoihana ponoʻī. Hana ʻia i nā manawa āpau. Akā pono e ʻeleu ka poʻe nūpepa i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole i ka hoʻolaha pāʻoihana.

Ua pale aku ka luna hoʻoponopono o Reuters ʻo Mike Williams i kā Kelland hana a hōʻole e hoʻopuka i kahi wehewehe a hoʻoponopono paha ma ka ʻāpana ʻo Aaron Blair. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "He ʻāpana nui ia, a kū piha wau iā ia."

Kākoʻo ʻo Reuters i ka "etika hoʻoponopono" Kākoʻo ʻo Alix Freedman i kā Kelland Blair moʻolelo, ʻoiai ʻo ka hōʻike e pili ana i ka pili ʻana o Monsanto a me ka hōʻike ʻole o ke komo ʻana i ka poʻe heluhelu. "Haʻaheo mākou iā ia a kū ma hope o ia," wahi a Freedman i kahi leka uila.

Ma kahi leka pilikino, ua hala wau he 17 mau makahiki ma ke ʻano he mea kākau nūhou ma Reuters e uhi ana iā Monsanto a makaʻu wau i kēia hana hewa i nā kūlana nūhou. He mea nui ia ʻo Alix Freedman ka mea like nāna i haʻi iaʻu ʻaʻole wau i ʻae ʻia e kākau e pili ana i nā noiʻi ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa he nui o ka glyphosate a Monsanto e hōʻike nei i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole.

ʻO ka mea liʻiliʻi loa, pono ʻo Kelland e hoʻopono me nā mea heluhelu a ʻae ʻo Monsanto kāna kumu - ma kēlā moʻolelo, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe paha. Loaʻa iā Reuters ka honua - a me IARC - kahi kala kala.

No ka mea hou aku e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, ʻike i kēia ʻatikala.

Ka mana ʻoihana, ʻaʻole hoihoi i ka lehulehu, ma ke kumu o ka hoʻolohe ʻana o ke kōmike ʻepekema ma IARC

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(Paʻi mua 'ia ma Nūhou olakino kaiapuni)

Helu i kahi kiko ʻē aʻe no ka mana ʻoihana ma luna o ka pale o ka lehulehu.

ʻO US Rep Lamar Smith, ka luna o ka US House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, & Technology, ua hoʻohoka ʻia kahi hoʻolohe ʻana o ke kōmike no ka lā 6 o Pepeluali me kahi papahana e kū pono ana i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i kekahi o nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua.

Hāʻawi ʻia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo ka maʻi ʻaʻai ka kumu alua o ka make maʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ʻike maopopo ʻia e kākoʻo ana kā mākou poʻe kau kānāwai i ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ma mua o ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e kahakaha. Akā ua hana ʻo Smith ma hope o ka World Agency Organization for International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) huhū ʻo Monsanto Co. i kona hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pesticide glyphosate, kahi mea nui i nā huahana hoʻomake nāhelehele a Monsanto, e lilo i carcinogen paha.

ʻOiai ua kapa ʻia ka hoʻolohe ʻana “I ka pale ʻana i ka pono ʻepekema: Ke nānā nei i ka Polokalamu IARC Monograph a me ka loiloi ʻo Glyphosate, ” ʻaʻole nalowale ka mea hoʻohenehene o ka mea wehewehe. i ka poʻe e ukali nei i kā Smith mau hana e hoʻohoka a hōʻole i kēia ʻoihana noiʻi maʻi maʻi.

In nā leka i ke alakaʻi a IARC, Smith ua kau hou i no nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a me nā moʻolelo nūhou ʻole i kanu ʻia e Monsanto a me nā mea kōkua kemika, a ua kuhikuhi ʻia i ka "ʻano koʻikoʻi o kēia mau hopohopo e pili ana i nā lilo o nā kālā ʻauhau."

He mea pono e hoʻomaopopo i ke kumumanaʻo e kau i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer ma ka noho wela i hoʻoneʻe ʻia ma kahi o ʻekolu mau makahiki i hala aku nei i ka wānana ʻana o Monsanto e ʻike nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai kūwaha honua i kāna mea hoʻomake nāhelehele i loaʻa ka loaʻa o ka carcinogenic ʻO ka hui i ʻōlelo ʻia e like me ka nui i nā kamaʻilio kūloko i lawe ʻia i ka malamalama ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i kēia manawa.

Hōʻike pū nā palapala i ka lā ʻo Pepeluali 2015, hoʻokahi mahina ma mua o ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o IARC, i ka wā i waiho aku ai nā luna o Monsanto kahi hoʻolālā hoʻolālā e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hoʻolālā ʻia ka hoʻolālā e "orchestrate outcry with IARC decision."

ʻO nā hana e hana i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC i hōʻiliʻili i ke kauwela i hala aku nei i ka manawa a Monsanto i kākoʻo ai i ka puna moʻolelo haʻi wahaheʻe i kahi mea kākau Reuters nāna i hana i kahi nūhou i kī ʻia a puni ka hona a ua lilo ia i mea kamaʻilio nui no ka hoʻouka kaua kūʻē iā IARC.

Ua hilinaʻi ka moʻolelo i ka waiho ʻana o kahi ʻepekema IARC i kapa ʻia ʻo Aaron Blair a hōʻike ʻia ua kāohi ʻo Blair i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi e hiki ai ke hoʻololi i ka hoʻohālikelike glyphosate IARC. ʻAʻole i hāʻawi ʻo Reuters i kahi loulou i ka waihona, i kēlā manawa ʻaʻole i waiho ʻia i kekahi ʻaha a ʻaʻole i loaʻa ākea.

Ua holo ʻo Chairman Smith me ka moʻolelo, e ʻōlelo ana ua "ʻae ʻo Blair i ka ʻike ʻana ua hiki ke pale ʻia kēia noiʻi ʻana" ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha.

ʻO ka poʻe e lawe manawa ana e heluhelu maoli ka waiho ana, ka mea i hoʻolaha ʻia i kēia manawa, e ʻike ʻaʻole Blair i ʻōlelo i kekahi mea e like me ia, a ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua kūʻē i nā manawa he nui i ka nānā ʻole ʻia o ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia a no laila ʻaʻole kūpono e noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC.

ʻO kahi moʻolelo wahaheʻe e like me ka mea i koi ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika a ua hoʻopiʻi hou ʻia e Smith i hoʻopiʻi iā IARC no ka hemo ʻana i nā loiloi i loaʻa ʻole ka pilina ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai mai kāna hōʻike hope loa. ʻAʻole maopopo iā Smith a me ka hui a mālama ʻole paha i ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o IARC no Monsanto mau ʻōlelo i ka Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai hiki ʻole ke hōʻoia ʻia.

Nā luna IARC ua kikoʻī ua hoʻomau ʻia nā mea wahaheʻe iā lākou e ka ʻoihana kemika akā ua hāʻule ka pale ma nā pepeiao kuli.

Pono ʻo Monsanto e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai honua no ka mea ʻo ia ka IARC e loaʻa nei nā nalu i hāpai ʻia o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana kūʻē iā Monsanto, a ua hōʻeuʻeu i nā neʻe e pāpā i ka kemika i kekahi o nā ʻāina ʻEulopa.

Akā ʻoiai ʻo Monsanto a me nā pono ʻenehana ʻē aʻe e hopohopo nei e pili ana i nā piliona kālā i loaʻa loaʻa iā lākou i kēlā me kēia makahiki mai nā huahana glyphosate, ʻo ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i kēia pūʻulu ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa e pili ana iā mākou āpau.

Ma kahi o 39 pākēneka o nā kāne a me nā wahine e noho ana i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e manaʻo ʻia e ʻike ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai i ko lākou ola, e like me ka National Cancer Institute.

No kēia makahiki wale nō, ua kuhi ka American Cancer Society e ʻoi aku ana ma mua o 1.68 miliona mau kānaka i hōʻoia hou ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a ʻoi aku ma mua o 600,000 i make i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, aia kekahi mau mea he 14 miliona mau maʻi ʻaʻai e kū nei i kēlā me kēia makahiki, a manaʻo ʻia e helu ʻia kēlā helu ma kahi o 22 miliona e 2030.

Ka maʻi ʻaʻai “pili i ke ola o kēlā me kēia kanaka, ma ka pololei a i ʻole ka ʻole,” a ma ʻō aku o ka nui o ke ola a me ke olakino ke kumu kūʻai ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ma mua o $ 200 biliona i loko o nā kumukūʻai lapaʻau a lilo ka hana, e like me ka US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) .

I mea e hōʻemi ai i nā make mai ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pono mākou e hoʻokau hou i ka pale ʻana iā ia ma mua, a me kahi ʻāpana nui o kēlā "pale mua" e like me ka hōʻike 2016 a ka HHS National Toxicology Program (NTP) "e ʻike i ka nā kinikini. ”

ʻIke loa, makemake nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i nā kemika i hoʻopili ʻia i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e ʻike i ka IARC defunded a hoʻopau ʻia. Ua ʻōlelo nui lākou ma o ka inoa disingenuous ʻAha Kūkā no ka pololei i ka noiʻi olakino lehulehu (CAPHR), kahi hui kōkua ʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka American Chemistry Council i hoʻokahi makahiki i hala me ka pahuhopu kikoʻī o e paipai ana i ka “hoʻoponopono”O IARC.

Akā no ka ʻike nui ʻana i kā mākou poʻe kau kānāwai i ka hoihoi ʻana i nā pono ʻoihana i ka wā e pili ana nā pono palekana lehulehu i nā maka he haʻahaʻa hou paha ia i kā politika ʻAmelika. ʻO kēia ke ola maoli a me nā mea make.

Pono e mālama ʻia kā mākou mau kauā lehulehu, e kākoʻo i nā ʻepekema e hana nei e ʻike i nā carcinogens, a e hoʻi i hope i nā pono ʻoihana e makemake e hōʻino i ka ʻepekema e hoʻoweliweli nei i kāna loaʻa kālā.

ʻO ke ʻano pololei o ka ʻepekema.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Reuters ua hoʻoponopono ʻo IARC i nā mea i loaʻa he moʻolelo wahaheʻe ia

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Kiʻi hou i nā: Hōʻike nā palapala hou o Monsanto i ka pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Reuters Reporter, Roundup Trial Tracker (ʻApelila 25, 2019)
Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters, ʻōlelo e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (ʻOkakopa 24, 2017)

ʻO ka lā kumu o ka pou: ʻOkakopa 20, 2017

Ke hoʻomau nei iā ia moʻohelu o ka hōʻike hōʻike ʻoihana e pili ana i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ua hōʻea hou ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland i ke keʻena maʻi ʻaʻai me kahi ʻOkakopa 19, 2017 moʻolelo ke koi nei i nā ʻepekema ua hoʻoponopono i kahi palapala kikoʻī ma mua o ka hoʻopuka ʻana i kā lākou loiloi hope loa i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha. ʻO ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika, ka hui kālepa ʻoihana kemika, i hoʻopuka koke ʻia a nūʻike hoʻōla e hoʻomaikaʻi ana i kā Kelland moʻolelo, e koi ana iā ia e "hoʻohaʻahaʻa i nā hopena a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate" a me ke koi ʻana i nā mea hana kulekele e "hana kūʻē iā IARC no ka hoʻohana hewa ʻana i ka ʻikepili."

Ua haʻi ʻia ka moʻolelo a Kelland i kahi luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto e ʻōlelo ana ua hoʻohana ʻia nā lālā IARC a kekeʻe i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema akā ʻaʻole hiki ke haʻi i ka nui o nā hōʻike i puka aʻe mai Nā palapala ponoʻī a Monsanto ma o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka ʻaha i kauoha ʻia e hōʻike ai i nā ala a ka hui i hana ai e hana a hoʻololi i ka ʻikepili ma glyphosate i loko o nā makahiki he hala.

ʻAʻole hiki i ka moʻolelo ke haʻi aku i ka hapa nui o ka noiʻi IARC i hōʻemi ʻia ka hana kālā a Monsanto i lawa ʻole ka ʻike maka e kū ai i nā kūlana o IARC. A ʻoiai ʻo Kelland i ʻōlelo i kahi noi iole me 1983 a me kahi hoʻopaʻa iole kahi a IARC i kū ʻole ai i ka manaʻo me nā kānaka noiʻi maoli, ua hōʻole ʻo ia i ka hōʻike ʻana he mau haʻawina kēia i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i hōʻole i ka haʻi ʻana i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi ma ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka ʻiole 1983, ʻo ia hoʻi ka lālā o ka lāʻau ʻona ʻEPA ʻaʻole i ʻae i nā mea noiʻi a Monsanto no ka mea, ʻo ka ikaika o ka hōʻike o ka maʻi kanesa, e like me nā palapala EPA. ʻLelo lākou i loko o nā memo he nui ʻaʻole i ʻae ʻia ka manaʻo hoʻopaʻapaʻa a Monsanto a manaʻo ʻia, a ua hoʻoholo lākou i ka glyphosate e lilo i carcinogen.

Ma ka haʻalele ʻana i kēia mau ʻike koʻikoʻi, a me ka wili ʻana i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe kokoke i loko, ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kahi ʻatikala e lawelawe maikaʻi ana iā Monsanto, akā ua alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu a me nā mea hana kulekele e hilinaʻi nei i nā nūhou hilinaʻi ʻia no ka ʻike pololei. ʻO kahi mea hoʻoikaika wale e lawe ʻia mai kā Kelland moʻolelo ʻo ia kēia manawa ua ʻae ʻo ia iā Monsanto i hāʻawi iā ia i ka ʻike.

Nā moʻolelo e pili ana a me nā palapala:

Reuters vs. UN Cancer Agency: Aia paha nā pilina paʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻikepili?

Na Stacy Malkan

Mai kā lākou hoʻolaha ʻo ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua e like me "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka," kahi kime o nā ʻepekema honua ma ka pūʻulu noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization. hoʻouka mae e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kāna mau mea pani.

i ka ʻaoʻao-ʻaoʻao moʻo i kapa ʻia ʻo "The Monsanto Papers," ka nūpepa Palani Le Monde (6/1/17) ua wehewehe ʻia ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ke ʻano he kaua ʻo ka pilikua pesticide ma luna o ka ʻepekema, a ua hōʻike ʻo ia, "To save glyphosate, the firm [Monsanto] undertook to harm the United Nations agency against cancer by all way."

Me ʻelua mau scoops i hānai ʻia e ka ʻoihana a me kahi hōʻike kūikawā, i hoʻoikaika ʻia e kāna hōʻike kuʻi maʻamau, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Kelland i kahi kahawai o ka hōʻike koʻikoʻi ma ka WHO Agency International for Research on Cancer (IARC), e hōʻike nei i ka hui a me nā ʻepekema ʻaʻole pili a kūpono ʻole, a pae i nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi a kāohi ʻia i ka ʻike i kā lākou hoʻoholo ʻana. Hoʻokahi mea kaua i ka arsenal o ka ʻoihana ka hōʻike o ʻO Kate Kelland, he koa kūpuna Reuters mea kākau moʻolelo ma Lādana.

ʻAʻole mālama ka pūʻulu ʻepekema IARC i kahi noiʻi hou, akā ua loiloi i nā makahiki o ka noiʻi a me ka loiloi ʻia e nā hoa ma mua o ka hoʻopau ʻana he palena palena ʻole o ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o nā kānaka mai nā hōʻike honua maoli i glyphosate a "lawa" hōʻike o ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o nā noiʻi ma holoholona. Ua hoʻopau ʻo IARC aia he hōʻike ikaika o ka genotoxicity no glyphosate wale nō, a me glyphosate i hoʻohana ʻia i nā formulated e like me ka Monsanto's Roundup brand o ka lāʻau make, nona ka hoʻohana i hoʻonui nui ʻia e like me kā Monsanto i kūʻai aku ai. ua hoʻololi ʻia nā laha ʻohi e "mākaukau Roundup."

Akā i ke kākau ʻana e pili ana i ka hoʻoholo IARC, ua nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i ka hapa nui o ka noiʻi i paʻi ʻia e kākoʻo ana i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, a ua kau i ka manaʻo ma nā ʻaoʻao e ʻōlelo ana i nā hana a me nā loiloi a ka ʻepekema i ka ʻimi ʻana e hōʻemi i kā lākou kālailai. Ua hilinaʻi nui kāna hōʻike ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai pro-ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hōʻike ʻole i kā lākou pili pili ʻoihana; loaʻa nā hewa i Reuters ua hōʻole e hoʻoponopono; a hōʻike i ka ʻike cherry-i wae ʻia ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili mai nā palapala āna i hāʻawi ʻole ai i kāna poʻe heluhelu.

Ke hāpai nei i nā nīnau hou aʻe e pili ana i kāna kumumanaʻo ma ke ʻano he mea ʻepekema reporter nā pilina o Kelland i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele (SMC), kahi hui PR nonprofit PR kontroversial ma UK e hoʻopili i nā ʻepekema me nā mea kūkala nūhou, a loaʻa iā ia poloka nui loa o ke kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana, me nā makemake o ka ʻoihana kemika.

SMC, i kapa ʻia ʻo “ʻenehana PR ʻoihana ʻepekema, "I hoʻouka ʻia i ka makahiki 2002 ma ke ʻano he hoʻāʻo e hōʻemi i nā moʻolelo nūhou e hoʻoulu ʻia e nā hui e like me Greenpeace a me nā Hoa o ka Honua, e like me kāna hōʻike hoʻokumu. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo SMC no ka pāʻani ʻana i nā wahi a me nā pilikia olakino kanaka o kekahi mau huahana a me nā ʻenehana loea, e like me mea ʻimi noiʻi he nui nā mea i aʻo i ka hui.

Kelland's bias ma ke aloha i ka hui ua maopopo, e like me ia e hōʻike nei i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō a me ka SMC hōʻike hoʻolaha, hele mau Nā haʻi ʻōlelo SMC, ʻōlelo ma Nā papa hana SMC a hui aku nā hālāwai ma India e kūkākūkā e kūkulu ana i kahi keʻena SMC ma aneʻi.

ʻAʻole ʻo Kelland a me kāna mau hoʻoponopono ma Reuters e pane i nā nīnau e pili ana i kāna pilina me SMC, a i ʻole i nā loiloi kikoʻī e pili ana i kāna hōʻike ʻana.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Fiona Fox, ka luna o SMC, ʻaʻole i hana pū kāna hui me Kelland ma kāna mau moʻolelo IARC a i ʻole hāʻawi i nā kumuwaiwai i ʻoi aku i nā mea i komo i loko o nā hoʻolaha nūhou a SMC. Akaka, eia nō naʻe, ke hōʻike nei ʻo Kelland i ka hōʻike ʻana i ka glyphosate a me ka IARC aniani i nā manaʻo i hōʻike ʻia e ka poʻe loea SMC a me nā hui ʻoihana e pili ana i kēlā mau kumuhana.

Lawe ʻo Reuters i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema

Ma ka Iune 14, 2017, Reuters paʻiʻia hōʻike kūikawā e Kelland e hoʻopiʻi nei iā Aaron Blair, kahi epidemiologist mai ka US National Cancer Institute a me ka noho o ka IARC panela ma glyphosate, no ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā ʻikepili koʻikoʻi mai kāna loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai.

Ua hele ka moʻolelo a Kelland a hiki i ka hōʻike ʻana i ka ʻike i manaʻo ʻia e hiki ke hoʻololi i ka hopena a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate carcinogenic paha. Eia naʻe ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia akā he wahi liʻiliʻi o ka ʻikepili epidemiology i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma o kahi papahana lōʻihi i kapa ʻia ʻo ka Ke Ola Ola Ola (AHS). Ua paʻi ʻia kahi anamanaʻo o kekahi mau makahiki o ka ʻikepili e pili ana i ka glyphosate mai ka AHS a ua noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, akā ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia kahi loiloi hou o ka ʻike i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia, no ka mea ke kāhea nei nā lula ʻo IARC i ka hilinaʻi wale i ka ʻike i paʻi ʻia.

ʻO kā Kelland palapala kākau a Blair i kāohi ai i ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi i kūlike ʻole me nā palapala kumu i hoʻokumu ai ʻo ia i kāna moʻolelo, akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i hāʻawi aku i nā mea heluhelu i nā loulou i kekahi o kēlā mau palapala, no laila ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke hōʻoia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o nā hoʻopiʻi no lākou iho. Ua hoʻolaha ākea ʻia kāna mau ʻōlelo hoʻopahūpahū, ua hana hou ʻia e ka poʻe nūpepa ma nā nūhou ʻē aʻe (e like me ʻO Jones Jones) a hoʻouna koke ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hana lobbying e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā palapala kumu maoli, ʻo Carey Gillam, ka mea ma mua Reuters mea kākau moʻolelo a me kēia manawa ke alakaʻi noiʻi o US Right to Know (ka hui nonprofit kahi aʻu e hana pū ai), waiho ʻia nā hewa a me nā hapa he nui i kā Kelland ʻāpana.

Hāʻawi ke kālailai i mau laʻana o nā kuleana nui i ka ʻatikala a Kelland, me kahi ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e Blair, ʻaʻole i kākoʻo ʻia e ka ʻaoʻao 300. ka waiho ʻana o Blair alakaʻi ʻia e nā loio o Monsanto, a i ʻole nā ​​palapala kumu ʻē aʻe.

ʻO kā Kelland hōʻike hōʻike wae a ka waiho ʻana o Blair i nānā ʻole i ka mea i kūʻē i kāna palapala thesis — ʻo kahi laʻana, nā hōʻoia he nui a Blair e hōʻike ana i nā pili o glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, e like me kā Gillam i kākau ai i loko o kahi Huffington Post 'atikala (6 / 18 / 17).

Ua wehewehe pololei ʻole ʻo Kelland i kā Blair waiho ʻana a me nā mea e pili ana ma ke ʻano he “palapala ʻaha,” e hōʻike ana ua loaʻa lākou i ka lehulehu; ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole lākou i waiho ʻia i ka ʻaha, a ua kiʻi ʻia paha mai nā loio a me nā hope. (Loaʻa nā palapala i nā loio i pili i ka hihia, a ua ʻōlelo nā loio o ka mea hoʻopiʻi ʻaʻole lākou i hāʻawi iā Kelland.)

Reuters ua hōʻole e hoʻoponopono i nā hewa i loko o ka ʻāpana, e like me ka hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe e pili ana i ke kumu o nā palapala kumu a me kahi wehewehe kūpono ʻole o kahi kumu nui, statistician Bob Tarone, ma ke ʻano "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua loaʻa iā Tarone loaʻa i kahi uku kūkākūkā mai Monsanto no kāna mau hana e hōʻino i ka IARC.

I ka pane ʻana i kahi noi a USRTK e hoʻoponopono a haʻalele paha i ka ʻatikala Kelland, Reuters Ua kākau ʻo Mike Williams ka luna hoʻoponopono honua ma kahi leka uila ʻo Iune 23:

Ua nānā mākou i ka ʻatikala a me ka hōʻike ʻana i hoʻokumu ʻia ai. ʻO kēlā hōʻike i hoʻokomo ʻia i ka waihona āu e kuhikuhi ai, akā ʻaʻole i kaupalena ʻia. ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Kate Kelland, ua launa pū me nā poʻe āpau i haʻi ʻia i loko o ka moʻolelo a me nā mea ʻē aʻe he nui, a ua aʻo i nā palapala ʻē aʻe. I ka mālamalama o kēlā loiloi, ʻaʻole mākou e noʻonoʻo he pololei ʻole ka ʻatikala a i ʻole e hōʻoia i ka haʻalele ʻana.

Ua hōʻole ʻo Williams e haʻi i ka haʻi wahaheʻe ʻana i nā "palapala ʻaha" a i ʻole ka wehewehe kūpono ʻole o Tarone ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa.

Mai ia manawa, ka mea hana lobbying Reuters ua hāʻawi ʻia iā Monsanto ua ulu nā wāwae a holo ʻāhiu. He 24 Iune ho'oponopono ma ka ʻO St. Louis Post Dispatch hoʻohui hewa ma luna o ka hōʻike hoʻopunipuni ʻē. Ma ke kau waena o Iulai, e hoʻohana ana nā blog nā ʻaoʻao ʻākau i ka Reuters moʻolelo e hoʻopiʻi ai iā IARC o hoʻopunipuni i nā ʻauhau ʻauhau US, ke wānana nei nā pūnaewele nūhou pro-ʻoihana ka moʻolelo.ke kui hope loa i ka pahu kupapaʻu”O nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa e pili ana i glyphosate, a pūʻulu nūhou ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni e hoʻolaha ana i kā Kelland moʻolelo ma Facebook me kahi poʻo poʻomanaʻo e ʻōlelo ana ʻo IARC ua ʻae nā ʻepekema i kahi uhi.

Hoʻouka Bacon

ʻAʻole kēia ʻo ka manawa mua a Kelland i hilinaʻi ai iā Bob Tarone ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai, a ʻaʻole i hōʻike i kāna mau pili ʻoihana, i kahi ʻatikala e kūʻē nei iā IARC.

Ma ʻApelila 2016 hoʻokolokolo kūikawā na Kelland, "ʻO wai e ʻōlelo he maikaʻi ʻole ʻo Bacon?," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo IARC ma ke ʻano he hui huikau i maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻepekema. Kūkulu nui ʻia ka ʻāpana ma luna o nā ʻōlelo mai Tarone, ʻelua mau kumuwaiwai pro-ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i hōʻike ʻole ʻia nā pili o ka ʻoihana, a hoʻokahi mea nānā inoa ʻole.

"ʻIke maikaʻi ʻole ʻia nā ʻano hana o ka IARC," "ʻaʻole lawelawe maikaʻi i ka lehulehu," nele i ka ʻepekema koʻikoʻi i kekahi manawa, "ʻaʻole maikaʻi no ka ʻepekema," "ʻaʻole maikaʻi no nā keʻena hoʻokele" a hana ka lehulehu "kahi hana hewa," i ʻōlelo nā loiloi.

ʻO ke ʻoihana, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Tarone, "naif, inā ʻaʻole ʻepekema" - kahi hoʻopiʻi i hoʻonui ʻia me nā huapalapala nui i kahi poʻo inoa.

Hana ʻo Tarone no ka ʻoihana kākoʻo Ke KeʻenaʻOihana Epidemiology International, a ua pili pū me a hoʻopaʻa haʻawina kelepona paʻalima, kālā kālā ʻia ma ka ʻāpana e ka ʻoihana kelepona paʻalima, ʻaʻole i loaʻa ka pilina maʻi ʻaʻai i nā kelepona paʻalima, kūlike ʻole ʻimi kālā kālā kūʻokoʻa o ka pukana like.

ʻO nā loiloi ʻē aʻe i ka moʻolelo bacon a Kelland ʻo Paulo Boffetta, kahi mea ʻepekema ex-IARC i hoʻopaʻapaʻa nāna i kākau i kahi pepa e pale ana i ka asbestos ʻoiai pū kekahi. ka loaʻa kālā ʻana e pale aku ai ka ʻoihana asbestos i ka ʻaha; lāua ʻo Geoffrey Kabat, ka mea hoʻokahi hoʻokaʻawaleʻia me kahi ʻepekema ʻimi kālā-ʻoihana paka e kākau he pepa pale ʻana i ka uahi lua.

Hoʻokau pū ʻo Kabat ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), a hui pūʻulu mua. ʻO ka lā ka Reuters Kaulana ka moʻolelo, Kau ʻo ACSH i kahi mea blog (4 / 16 / 17) kaena ʻana ua hoʻohana ʻo Kelland i kāna kākāʻōlelo ʻo Kabat ma ke ʻano he kumu e hōʻino ai iā IARC.

[E nānā i ka pilina pili ma Malaki 2019: ʻO kā Geoffrey Kabat mau pilina me ka paka a me nā hui ʻenehana

ʻO ka pilina o ka ʻoihana o kāna kumuwaiwai, a me kā lākou mōʻaukala o ke kū ʻana i nā kūlana i kūlike ʻole me ka ʻepekema mainstream, me he mea lā, no ka mea ua hui pū ʻia ka hōʻike bacon IARC me kahi Kelland. 'atikala e pili ana i glyphosate ka mea i ahewa ʻia ʻo ka aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻo IARC ʻo Chris Portier no ka pili ma muli o kona pili ʻana me kahi hui kaiapuni.

ʻO ka mōʻī hoʻopaʻapaʻa o ka hoihoi i lawelawe i mea e hōʻino ai i kahi leka, i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Portier a kau inoa ʻia e 94 ʻepekema, i ho'ākāka 'ia nā "kīnā koʻikoʻi" i ka loiloi' ana i nā pilikia o ka European Union i exonerated glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻo Portier, a me ka ʻepekema maikaʻi / ʻepekema maikaʻi ʻole, ʻū aʻe i loko ʻoihana olakino Nā kahawai PR i ka lā hoʻokahi i hōʻike ʻia ai nā ʻatikala Kelland.

Pahu aku ʻo IARC i hope

I ʻOkakopa 2016, i kekahi scoop kū hoʻokahi, Hōʻike ʻo Kelland iā IARC ma ke ʻano he hui malū i noi aku i kona poʻe ʻepekema e kāohi i nā palapala e pili ana i ka loiloi glyphosate. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma nā leka i hāʻawi ʻia iā Kelland e a hui kānāwai pro-ʻoihana.

I ka pane, ua lawe ʻo IARC i ke kapuwai ʻokoʻa o ke kau ʻana i nā nīnau a Kelland a me nā nā pane a lākou i hoʻouna aku ai iā ia, nāna i hāʻawi i ka pōʻaiapili i waiho ʻia ma waho o ka Reuters moʻolelo.

Ua wehewehe ʻo IARC ua noi aku nā loio a Monsanto i nā ʻepekema e huli i nā palapala kikoʻī a me nā palapala kūkā, a i ka nānā ʻana i nā hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē nei iā Monsanto, "ua ʻoluʻolu ʻole ka ʻepekema e hoʻokuʻu ana i kēia mau mea, a manaʻo kekahi ua hoʻoweliweli ʻia lākou." Ua ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana ua kū like lākou i ka kaomi like i ka wā i hala e hoʻokuʻu i nā palapala kope e kākoʻo i nā hana kū kānāwai e pili ana i ka asbestos a me ka paka, a aia kahi hoʻāʻo e huki i nā palapala IARC i loko o ka hoʻopiʻi PCB.

ʻAʻole haʻi ka moʻolelo i kēlā mau laʻana, a i ʻole nā ​​hopohopo e pili ana i nā palapala ʻepekema kikoʻī e pau ana i nā hoʻopiʻi, akā ua kaumaha kēia ʻāpana i nā loiloi a IARC, e wehewehe nei ma ke ʻano he hui "i kūlike ʻole me nā ʻepekema o ka honua," ʻo ia ka mea hoʻopaʻapaʻa "me nā loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai e" hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i nā olakino pono ʻole. "

He "Agendas malu" ʻo IARC a he "hoʻomakeʻaka" kāna mau hana, e like me ka ʻōlelo a kekahi luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto i ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o ka moʻolelo.

Ua kākau ʻo IARC i ka pane (ke koʻikoʻi i ke kumu):

ʻO ka ʻatikala na Reuters ukali i kahi ʻano o nā hōʻike kūlike akā kuhi hewa hoʻi e pili ana i ka Polokalamu IARC Monographs ma kekahi mau ʻāpana o ka pāpāho e hoʻomaka ana ma hope o ka hoʻopili ʻia ʻana o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

ʻO IARC kekahi kaomi ʻia i hope ʻO kā Kelland hōʻike e pili ana iā Blair, e hōʻike ana i ka hakakā o ka hoihoi me kāna kumuwaiwai ʻo Tarone a me ka wehewehe ʻana ʻaʻole manaʻo ka papahana loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC i nā ʻike i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia, a "ʻaʻole hoʻokumu i kāna loiloi i nā manaʻo i hōʻike ʻia i nā hōʻike pāpāho," akā ma ka "ʻōnaehana ʻōnaehana a me ka loiloi o nā noiʻi ʻepekema kūpono āpau e pili ana i ka lehulehu, e nā poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa, kūʻokoʻa i nā kuleana pono. ”

Haʻiʻolelo agena PR

Ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻEpekema — kahi a Kelland Ua'ōleloʻo ia ua hoʻohuli i kāna hōʻike ʻana - ua hāʻawi ʻia i nā hoihoi, a ua hoʻohewa ʻia no ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana i nā ʻepekema pro-ʻoihana. ʻO nā mea kālā o kēia wā a me nā wā i hala e hui pū me Monsanto, Bayer, DuPont, Coca-Cola a me nā hui kālepa ʻoihana mea ʻai a me nā mea hana kemika, a me nā keʻena aupuni, nā kumu a me nā kula nui.

Ma nā helu āpau, pili ka mana o SMC i ke ʻano o ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpaho i kekahi mau moʻolelo ʻepekema, e kiʻi pinepine nei iā ia manaʻo loea mau ʻōlelo i nā moʻolelo pāpāho a me ka uhi kaʻa me kāna nūpepa paʻi.

E like me kā Kelland i wehewehe ai i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō, "Ma ka hopena o kahi ʻōlelo pōkole, maopopo ʻoe i ke ʻano o ka moʻolelo a me ke kumu o ka nui."

ʻO ia ke kiko o ka hana SMC: e hōʻailona i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou i nā moʻolelo a i ʻole nā ​​haʻawina e pono ai ka nānā ʻana, a pehea lākou e pono ai.

I kekahi manawa, hoʻohaʻahaʻa ka poʻe loea SMC i ka makaʻu a hāʻawi i nā hōʻoia i ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā huahana kontroversial a i ʻole ʻenehana. ʻo kahi laʻana, ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe noiʻi i kā SMC mau hana media ma kūpilikiʻi, palekana kelepona paʻalima, Maʻi ka luhi Syndrome a nā mea hana ʻenekinia.

ʻAi ʻia nā hoʻouka SMC i kekahi manawa i ka hana lobbying. A 2013 Nature 'atikala (7 / 10 / 13) ho'ākāka pehea i hoʻohuli ai ʻo SMC i ke kai eʻe i ka uhi pāpāho o nā embryo holoholona / kanaka hybrid mai nā hopohopo pili pono a i ko lākou mea nui ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi noiʻi - a pēlā i hoʻopau ai i nā lula aupuni.

ʻO ka mea noiʻi pāpāho i hoʻolimalima ʻia e SMC e kālailai i ka pono o kēlā hoʻouka kaua, ʻo Andy Williams o ke Kulanui ʻo Cardiff, i hele mai e ʻike i ke ʻano SMC me he mea lā pilikia, hopohopo paha ia. hoʻopaʻapaʻa hoʻopaʻapaʻa. ʻO Williams ho'ākāka ʻia nā haʻi'ōlelo SMC e like me ka mālama paʻa ʻana i nā hanana e hoʻokau nei i nā moʻolelo hoʻohuli.

Ma ke kumuhana o ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate, hāʻawi ʻo SMC i kahi moʻolelo moakāka i kāna mau nūpepa.

ʻO ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC, e like me Nā loea SMC, "ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻokomo i ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi," i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ka "loiloi ʻiʻihi koho" a me nā hōʻike e "ʻike ʻia he lahilahi" a "ʻaʻole kākoʻo ka nui i kēlā ʻano kūlana kiʻekiʻe." Monsanto a me kekahi hana pūʻulu paipai i nā puanaʻī.

Ua ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka ʻike o ka poʻe loea SMC o nā loiloi weliweli i mālama ʻia e ka European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) a me ka European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), ka mea i hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka glyphosate o nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai kanaka.

Ka hopena a EFSA ua "ʻoi aku ka ʻepekema, pragmatic a kaulike" ma mua o ko IARC, a ʻo ka Hoike a ECHA he pahuhopu, kūʻokoʻa, ākea a "ʻepekema kūpono."

Ke hōʻike nei ʻo Kelland i Reuters ʻū aʻe i nā poʻomanaʻo ʻoihana kākoʻo, a i kekahi manawa hoʻohana i nā loea like, e like me a Nowemapa 2015 moʻolelo e pili ana i ke kumu i hāʻawi aku ai nā ʻoihana ʻĀulopa i nā ʻōlelo kūʻē e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o glyphosate. Ua haʻi pololei kāna moʻolelo i nā loea ʻelua mai kahi Hoʻokuʻu SMC, a laila hōʻuluʻulu lākou i ko lākou mau manaʻo:

I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, hana ʻia ʻo IARC me ke kahakaha ʻana i kekahi mea i kekahi mau ʻano, akā ʻo ka mea kakaikahi, hiki ke hana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o ka poʻe. ʻO EFSA, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē, hopohopo me nā pōʻino o ke ola maoli a inā, i ka hihia o glyphosate, aia nā hōʻike e hōʻike ai ke hoʻohana ʻia i nā kūlana maʻamau, hāʻawi ka pesticide i kahi pilikia kūpono ʻole i ke olakino kanaka a i ʻole ke kaiapuni.

Ua hoʻokomo ʻo Kelland i ʻelua mau pane pōkole mai nā mea hoʻokele kaiāulu: ua kapa ʻo Greenpeace i ka loiloi EFSA "whitewash," a ʻo Jennifer Sass mai ka ʻAoʻao Kūʻai Kūʻai Kūlohelohe i ʻōlelo ʻo IARC "he ʻoi aku ka ikaika, ka ʻepekema pale a me nā kaʻina lehulehu e pili ana i kahi kōmike kūwaho o nā loea ʻoihana ʻole. . ” (An ʻLelo NRDC ma glyphosate kau ia i kēia ala: "Ua Pololei ʻo IARC, Loaʻa iā EFSA mai Monsanto.")

Ua ukali ka moʻolelo o Kelland i nā ʻōlelo a ka hui kaiapuni me "nā mea loiloi o IARC… e ʻōlelo nei he mea lapuwale ke ʻano o ka hoʻoweliweli ʻana no nā mea kūʻai aku, e ʻaʻa nei e hoʻohana i kāna ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo i ke ola maoli," a ua hoʻopau ʻia me nā huaʻōlelo a kahi ʻepekema nāna "e hōʻike i ka hoihoi he hana ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā no Monsanto. ”

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hoʻopiʻi pro-ʻoihana o ka SMC, ua pane ʻo Fox:

Hoʻolohe pono mākou i nā loiloi a pau mai nā kaiāulu ʻepekema a i ʻole nā ​​mea nūhou nūhou e hana ana no ka pāpāho UK, akā ʻaʻole mākou e loaʻa ka hōʻino no ka hoʻowahāwahā pro-ʻoihana mai kēia mau mea kuleana. Hōʻole mākou i ka uku no ka hoʻowahāwahā pro-ʻoihana, a ke hōʻike nei kā mākou hana i nā hōʻike a me nā ʻike o nā mea noiʻi ʻepekema kaulana o 3,000 ma kā mākou waihona. Ma ke ʻano he keʻena paʻi kūʻokoʻa e kia ana i kekahi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema kontroversial loa, ke manaʻo piha nei mākou i ka hōʻino mai nā hui ma waho o ka ʻepekema mainstream.

Nā hakakā hakakā a ka poʻe loea

ʻAʻole hōʻike mau ka poʻe loea ʻepekema i kā lākou hakakā hakakā o ka hoihoi i nā nūhou i hoʻopuka ʻia e SMC, a i ʻole i ko lākou kūlana kūlana kiʻekiʻe ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pilikia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai e like me glyphosate.

Hāʻawi ka loea SMC pinepine ʻo Alan Boobis, ka polofesa o ka lāʻau lapaʻau biokimia ma Imperial College London, i nā manaʻo ma SMC i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma aspartame ("ʻAʻole hopohopo"), glyphosate i ka mimi (ʻaʻohe hopohopo), insecticides a me nā kīnā hānau ("Premature to draw concensions"), waiʻona, ʻO ka palaoa GMO, nā metala, papaʻai rodentʻai a oi.

ka Hoʻoholo a ECHA ʻaʻole kēlā carly gosphosate i kahi carcinogen "e hoʻomaikaʻi ʻia," e like me Boobis, a ʻo ka Hoʻoholo ʻo IARC ʻo ia paha he carcinogenic "ʻaʻole ia he kumu no ka pīhoihoi nui," no ka mea ʻaʻole ia i noʻonoʻo pehea e hoʻohana ai nā pesticides i ka honua maoli.

ʻAʻole hoʻolaha ʻo Boobis i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka hoʻokuʻu IARC a i ʻole kekahi o nā hoʻokuʻu SMC mua e hāpai ana i kāna mau ʻōlelo. Akā ua hoʻonāukiuki ʻo ia i hoʻohenehene hakakā-o-ka hoihoi i ka wā i haki ai ka nūhou ua paʻa ʻo ia i nā kūlana alakaʻi me ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI), a pūʻulu kākoʻo ʻoihana, i ka manawa like hui pū ʻo ia me ka hui o ka UN i loaʻa ka glyphosate ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻokau i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai ma o ka papaʻai. (ʻO Boobis i kēia manawa noho o ka Papa Kahu ILSI, a hope pelekikena ad interim o ILSI / ʻEulopa.)

Ua loaʻa iā ILSI nā hāʻawi kālā ʻeono mai Monsanto a me CropLife International, ka hui kālepa pesticide. ʻO Professor Angelo Moretto, ʻo ia ka mea i alakaʻi i ka hui UN ma glyphosate me Boobis, i mālama pū ʻia kūlana alakaʻi ma ILSI. Akā ka panela hai aku ʻaʻohe hakakā o ka hoihoi.

ʻAʻole ʻo Kelland i hōʻike e pili ana i kēlā mau paio, ʻoiai ua hōʻike ʻo ia kākau e pili ana nā hopena o nā "loea UN" nāna i kala i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ua hoʻohana hou ʻo ia i kahi ʻōlelo Boobis mai kahi Hoʻokuʻu kaomi SMC no kahi ʻatikala e pili ana ʻiʻo puaʻa ʻIlani. (Ua haʻahaʻa ka makaʻu i nā mea kūʻai.)

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i ka SMC hakakā o ke kulekele hoʻolaha hōʻike hoihoi, a no ke aha i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ai ka pili o Boobis 'ISLI i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o SMC, ua pane ʻo Fox:

Nīnau aku mākou i nā mea noiʻi a pau a mākou e hoʻohana ai e hoʻolako i kā lākou COI a hoʻomohana e hana i kēlā mau mea i ka poʻe nūpepa. E kūlike me nā kulekele COI ʻē aʻe, ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokolokolo i kēlā me kēia COI, ʻoiai mākou e hoʻokipa nei i ka poʻe nūpepa e hana pēlā.

ʻAʻole hiki ke kiʻi ʻia ʻo Boobis no ka ʻōlelo, akā haʻi akuʻo ia kahu, "ʻO kaʻu kuleana ma ILSI (a ʻelua o kāna mau lālā) he lālā lālā o ka lehulehu a he poʻo hoʻi no kā lākou mau papa o nā kahu, nā kūlana i uku ʻole ʻia."

Akā ʻo ka hakakā "ua hoʻonāukiuki i ka hoʻohewa huhū mai nā MEP ʻōmaʻomaʻo a me nā NGO," ka kahu ua hōʻike ʻia, "ua hoʻonui ʻia e ka hōʻike a ka [UN panel] hoʻokuʻu i ʻelua mau lā ma mua o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o EU i ka balota ma glyphosate, a he piliona kālā ia i ka ʻoihana."

A pēlā pū me ka pūnaewele ulana o ka mana e pili ana i nā ʻoihana, nā loea ʻepekema, ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpaho a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ke pāʻani nei ma ke kahua honua ma ke ʻano ʻo Monsanto. alo i nā hoʻopiʻi ma luna o ka kemika ma muli o ke koi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ʻimi e hoʻopau i kahi Hana ʻia he $ 66 biliona me Bayer.

I kēia manawa, i ka US, e like me Bloomberg hoike i ka lā 13 o Iulai: “ʻO ke Killer Weed Nui o ka Honua ke Kumu Ka maʻi ʻaʻai? E hoʻoholo ʻo EPA o Trump. ”

Nā ʻelele Reuters e hoʻouna ʻia ma o kēia pūnaewele (aiʻole ma Twitter: @Raiuiona). E ʻoluʻolu e hoʻomanaʻo i ka kamaʻilio mahalo ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi.

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Kate Kelland o Reuters i nā moʻolelo wahaheʻe e pili ana iā IARC a me Aaron Blair

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UPDATE Ianuali 2019: Waiho ʻia nā palapala i ka ʻaha hōʻike iā Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Kate Kelland me nā palapala no kāna moʻolelo ʻo Iune 2017 e pili ana iā Aaron Blair a hāʻawi iā ia i paheʻe paheʻe o nā helu kamaʻilio makemake ka hui e uhi ʻia. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike ʻO Carey Gillam's Roundup Trial Tracker post.

Ua hoʻomākaukau ʻia ka ʻanike aʻe e Carey Gillam a kau ʻia Iune 28, 2017:

A Iune 14, 2017 Reuters Haawina kākau ʻia e Kate Kelland, poʻo poʻokela "ʻO ke keʻena maʻi maʻi maʻi o WHO i waiho i ka pouli ma luna o nā hōʻike glyphosate," hoʻopiʻi hewa i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema no ka mālama ʻana i nā ʻike koʻikoʻi i ka loiloi palekana o glyphosate i mālama ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Aia nā moʻolelo o Kelland i nā hewa maoli a hōʻike i nā hopena i kūʻē ʻia e ka heluhelu piha ʻana i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai. ʻIke ʻia ʻaʻole i hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i kahi loulou i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike pono iā lākou iho i ka lōʻihi o kāna haʻalele ʻana mai ka pololei i ka unuhi ʻana iā lākou. ʻO ka palapala kumu mua kūʻē ʻē i ka manaʻo o kā Kelland moʻolelo. ʻO nā palapala hou aʻe i kuhikuhi ʻia i kāna moʻolelo, akā ʻaʻole ia i loulou ʻia, hiki ke loaʻa ma ka hopena o kēia pou.

Ka Ike: ʻO ka moʻolelo Reuters kekahi ma kahi o nā ʻāpana koʻikoʻi i paʻi ʻia e ka ʻaha kūkala nūhou e pili ana iā IARC a Kelland i kākau ai ma hope o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o ka IARC i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha i Malaki 2015. ʻO Glyphosate kahi lāʻau hoʻomake kemika makepono i hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup weed pepehi kanaka huahana, a me nā huahana he haneli ʻē aʻe i kūʻai ʻia a puni ka honua. Ua hoʻokumu ka papa IARC i ka hoʻopiʻi lehulehu i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i lawe ʻia e ka poʻe e hoʻopiʻi ana i kā lākou maʻi ʻaʻai e ka Roundup, a ua hoʻonāukiuki i nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa a me US e hoʻonui i kā lākou loiloi o ka kemika. I ka pane ʻana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC, a ma ke ʻano he pale aku iā ia iho i ka hihia a me ke kākoʻo ʻana i ke kākoʻo hoʻokele, ua waiho ʻo Monsanto i nā hoʻopiʻi he nui e pili ana iā IARC e ʻimi nei e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o IARC. ʻO ka moʻolelo ʻo Iune 14 Kelland, ka mea i hoʻopuka i kahi luna kiʻekiʻe "rautaki" Monsanto, i hoʻonui i kēlā mau hana hoʻolālā a ua hoʻokau ʻia e Monsanto a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana kemika i mea e hōʻoia ai ua hewa ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka IARC.

E noʻonoʻo:

  • ʻO kahi waiho o ka ʻepekema ʻo Aaron Blair, kahi kahakaha kiʻi a me ka leka uila a Kelland i kuhikuhi ai i kāna moʻolelo ma ke ʻano he "palapala ʻaha" ʻaʻole ia he palapala ʻaha akā he mau palapala i hana ʻia a loaʻa ʻia ma ke ʻano he loaʻa i loko o nā hihia multidistrict i lawe ʻia e nā mea maʻi ʻaʻai. hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto. Ua mālama ʻia nā palapala i ka paʻa ʻana o ka hui loio o Monsanto a me ka hui loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi. E ʻike i ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo ʻĀpana ʻo US no ka ʻĀkau ʻAkau o Kaleponi, kēpau hihia 3: 16-md-02741-VC. Inā hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto a mea pani paha i nā palapala iā Kelland, pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ia ʻano sourcing. Ma muli o ka loaʻa ʻole o nā palapala ma o ka ʻaha, e like me kā Kelland moʻolelo i hōʻike ai, me he mea lā ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Monsanto a i ʻole nā ​​mea pani e kanu i ka moʻolelo a hāʻawi iā Kelland me nā palapala, a i ʻole nā ​​ʻāpana i wae ʻia o nā palapala, a me kāna hōʻike.
  • Hāʻawi ka ʻatikala a Kelland i ka ʻōlelo a me ka wehewehe ʻana i ka waiho ʻana mai Bob Tarone, ka mea a Kelland i hōʻike ai he "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." Eia naʻe ka ʻike hāʻawi ʻia e IARC hoʻokumu iā Tarone i hana ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā uku iā Monsanto i kāna mau hana e hōʻino i IARC.
  • Ua hoʻohenehene ʻo Reuters i ka moʻolelo me kēia ʻōlelo: "ʻO ka ʻepekema e alakaʻi nei i kēlā loiloi ua ʻike ʻo ia i ka ʻike hou e hōʻike nei ʻaʻohe loulou maʻi ʻaʻai - akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i ʻōlelo a ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ka ʻoihana." Ua hōʻike ʻo Kelland e hūnā hewa ʻo Kauka Blair i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi. Eia naʻe ka hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻike ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia ʻaʻole "mākaukau" e waiho i kahi puke pai no ka paʻi ʻana a ʻaʻole e ʻae ʻia e ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i pau a paʻi ʻia. ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻikepili i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi US Health Health Study ākea a ua hoʻohui ʻia i kekahi mau makahiki o ka ʻike i paʻi mua ʻia mai ka AHS i hōʻike ʻole i ka hui ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ua nīnau kekahi loio Monsanto iā Blair no ke aha i paʻi ʻole ʻia ai ka ʻikepili i ka manawa e noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, e ʻōlelo ana: "Ua hoʻoholo ʻoe, no nā kumu āpau, ʻaʻole e paʻi ʻia kēlā ʻikepili i kēlā manawa, a no laila ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, pololei? ” Pane maila ʻo Blair: “ʻAʻole. Hoʻowahāwahā hou ʻoe i ke kaʻina hana. " "ʻO ka mea a mākou i hoʻoholo ai ʻo ka hana a mākou e hana nei i kēia mau ʻano haʻawina ʻē aʻe - ʻaʻole mākaukau e waiho i nā puke pai. ʻOiai ma hope o kou hoʻoholo ʻana e waiho iā lākou i nā puke pai no ka loiloi, ʻaʻole ʻoe e hoʻoholo i ka wā e paʻi ʻia ai. " (Blair deposition transcript ʻaoʻao 259) Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Blair i ka loio Monsanto: "ʻO ka mea kuleana ʻole e holo wikiwiki i kahi mea i nānā ʻole ʻia a noʻonoʻo ʻole ʻia" (ʻaoʻao 204).
  • Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i kekahi mau ʻikepili mai ka AHS i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia, ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia he "ʻaʻole helu helu" (ʻaoʻao 173 o ka waiho ʻana). Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i loko o kēlā waihona e pili ana i ka ʻikepili e hōʻike ana i nā pilina ikaika ma waena o glyphosate a me NHL i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia.
  • Ua hōʻike ʻo Blair ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi mau ʻikepili mai kahi noiʻi ma kahi ʻĀkau o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa hui ikaika loa me ka NHL a me ka glyphosate, me ka pālua a me ka pākolu o ka makaʻu e pili ana i ka pesticide i ʻike ʻia i ka poʻe i hoʻohana i ka glyphosate ma mua o ʻelua mau manawa o ka makahiki. E like me ka ʻikepili AHS, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻia kēia ʻikepili a hāʻawi ʻia iā IARC (ʻaoʻao 274-283 o ka waiho ʻana o Blair).
  • Ua ʻōlelo pū hoʻi ka ʻatikala a Kelland: Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hoʻoliʻiliʻi paha ka hoʻokō ʻana o ka glyphosate i nā ana o ka ʻoihana no ka papa ʻia ʻana ma ke ʻano he carcinogenic paha. '"ʻAʻole kākoʻo kēlā hōʻike (ma nā ʻaoʻao 177-189 o ka waiho ʻana) i kēlā mau ʻōlelo. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Blair "paha" i ka nīnau mai ka loio a Monsanto e nīnau ana inā ua hoʻokomo ʻia ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS i loko o kahi meta-analysis o ka ʻikepili epidemiology i manaʻo ʻia e IARC, inā "e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka maka-pili kamepiula no glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. ʻoi aku ka mamao… ”Haʻalele pū kā Kelland moʻolelo i ka manaʻo i kēia ʻikepili epidemiology i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia mai kahi noiʻi i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia e lilo i mea hoʻololi pāʻani no IARC. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, e heluhelu piha ana i ka waihona, a hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka hōʻike a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate, e hōʻike ana i ka wahaheʻe a me ke kuhi hewa o kēlā manaʻo. Ua hōʻike wale ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili epidemiology a ua manaʻo mua ʻo IARC i nā hōʻike epidemiology i ʻike ʻia he "palena." ʻO kāna hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka glyphosate i ʻike i ke koʻikoʻi o ka ʻikepili holoholona (mea ʻona) i nānā ʻia, e manaʻo ana ua "lawa."
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā ʻāpana nui o ka waiho ʻana o Blair i kikoʻī ʻia i kahi noiʻi 2003 i paʻi ʻia i loaʻa "aia ma kahi o ka pāpālua o ka hopena o ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin no nā poʻe i ʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate" (ʻaoʻao 54-55 o ka waihona).
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā hōʻike i loko o ka waiho ʻana o Blair e pili ana i ka “300 pākēneka i hoʻonui ʻia i ka makaʻu” no ka maʻi ʻaʻai i ka noiʻi Suetena (ʻaoʻao 60 o ka waiho ʻana).
  • ʻO ka heluhelu ʻana i loko o ka waihona holoʻokoʻa e hōʻike ana ua hōʻike ʻo Blair e like me nā laʻana he nui o nā noiʻi e hōʻike ana i kahi hui maikaʻi ma waena o glyphosate a me nā maʻi ʻaʻai, nā mea āpau a Kelland i nānā ʻole ai.
  • Ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kāna hōʻike kānāwai, ua wehewehe pū ʻo Blair i ka AHS ma ke ʻano he "ikaika" a ʻae ʻia ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻia ka ʻike i ka loulou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia e pili ana i ka ʻike kikoʻī i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia ma ka makahiki 2013 ma NHL a me ka glyphosate kahi ʻāpana liʻiliʻi o ka ʻike i loaʻa mai ka AHS, ʻoiai ka hōʻike ʻoiaʻiʻo e hōʻike ana ʻo ia i ka nui o ka hoʻomalu AHS o ka hana, ka mea e ʻimi nei i nā ʻohana mahiʻai. a me ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā ʻikepili ma nā pesticides he nui i mau makahiki. ʻO ka mea a Blair i ʻōlelo maoli ai no ka laulā ʻo AHS ʻo ia kēia: ““ He - he haʻawina ikaika ia. A he maikaʻi kona. ʻAʻole maopopo iaʻu e ʻōlelo wau ʻo ia ka mea mana loa, akā he aʻo ikaika ia. ” (ʻaoʻao 286 o ka haʻalele ʻana)
    • Eia kekahi, i ke kamaʻilio pololei ʻana i ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS ma glyphosate a me NHL, ua hōʻoia ʻo Blair e pono ana ka ʻikepili i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e pono ai ka "unuhi akahele" i ka nui o nā hihia i hōʻike ʻia i nā subgroup he "liʻiliʻi" (ʻaoʻao 289).
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kelland "Ua haʻi aku ʻo IARC iā Reuters, ʻoiai ke kū nei o nā ʻike hou e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua pili ia me kāna mau mea i loaʻa," e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻano cavalier. Kuhi hewa loa kēlā ʻōlelo. He aha IARC i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo mai la ʻaʻole ia e hana i ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i nā mea i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia a hiki iā ia ke loiloi hou i nā mea ke paʻi ʻia kahi kino nui o ka ʻike hou i nā palapala.

Pili pili:

Nā Palapala e pili ana

Hoʻonohonoho wikiō ʻia o Aaron Earl Blair, Ph.D., Malaki 20, 2017

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ʻO Monsanto Spin Doctors Target Target Scientist Ka maʻi maʻi i Flawed Reuters Story

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I loko o kahi hoʻokahuli pāʻoihana i hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia a hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia, ua waiho ʻo Monsanto Co. a me nā hoa aloha i kēia pule i kahi pōkā pahū ma luna o nā mea kūʻē e ʻimi nei e hōʻoia i ka mea aloha a ka hui ʻo Roundup herbicide ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

A moʻolelo i hoʻolaha ākea i paʻi ʻia i ka lā 14 o Iune i loko o ka nūhou o ka honua ʻO Reuters (kahi aʻu i hana ai ma mua) ua kau ʻia ka mea i ʻike ʻia he moʻolelo scandalos o ka ʻike huna a me kahi ʻepekema ʻūlū, nā hōʻike "kū hoʻokahi" i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka moʻolelo i hiki ke hoʻololi i kahi kūlana koʻikoʻi 2015 i pili. ʻO Monsanto's Roundup i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a nā nalu i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e kūʻē iā Monsanto.

He blockbuster ia o kahi moʻolelo, a ua hana hou ʻia e nā hui nūhou a puni ka hona, i hoʻokau ʻia e nā hoʻolaha paʻi mai nā hui i kākoʻo ʻia e Monsanto a pu ʻia e nā mea kōkua ʻoihana e like me ka American Chemistry Council.

Ua hewa a kuhi hewa hoʻi i nā ʻano koʻikoʻi.

Kākau ʻia e ka mea kākau moʻolelo o Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland, nona ka moʻolelo o nā pilina ʻoluʻolu me kahi hui i uku kālā ʻia e nā pono ʻoihana mea mahiʻai, ua hoʻopiʻi ka ʻāpana i kahi epidemiologist kiʻekiʻe mai ka US National Cancer Institute no ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema "koʻikoʻi" me nā ʻepekema ʻē aʻe e like me hana pū lākou āpau i ka loiloi ʻana i ka glyphosate lāʻau make no ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Ua loiloi kēlā hui i kahi hui ākea o ka noiʻi e pili ana i ka glyphosate a hoʻoholo ʻia i Malaki o 2015 e hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka pesticide ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha. Inā paha i ʻike ka hui i kēia ʻike nalowale, he ʻokoʻa paha ka hopena, e like me kā Reuters.

Ua hāʻawi ʻia ka moʻolelo i ka manawa kūpono glyphosate a me Roundup i waenakonu o ka hoʻopiʻi nui ʻana ma United States a ma lalo o ka loiloi ʻia e US a me nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa. Ma hope o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o IARC, ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo Monsanto e ka poʻe he nui aʻe ma mua o ka 1,000 ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa nāna i koi ʻo lākou a i ʻole nā ​​mea aloha i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin (NHL) mai ka hōʻike ʻana i ka Roundup glyphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia a Monsanto a hiki i ka hui a me nā hihia ke hoʻomaka e hele hoʻokolokolo i kēia makahiki aʻe. ʻO Roundup ka mea kanu lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka honua a lawe mai i mau piliona kālā i kēlā me kēia makahiki no Monsanto. Koi ka hui i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻia o ka IARC pono ʻole a hōʻoia ʻia e palekana ka kemika e nā makahiki he umi o ka noiʻi.

No laila, he moʻolelo nui ia i kuhi i nā helu nui no Monsanto i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa no ka palekana glyphosate. Akā ʻo ka ʻeli ʻana i loko o ka sourcing a me ke ʻano wae o ka ʻāpana Reuters e akāka ai ʻaʻole wale ka hemahema o ka moʻolelo, akā he ʻāpana ia o kahi hana hoʻomau a hana pono ʻia e Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana pesticide e hōʻino i kā IARC hana.

Aia ma loko o ka moʻolelo i ʻelua mau hewa maoli i ʻike ʻia e hele i ka hilinaʻi o kāna kumuhana. ʻO ka moʻolelo i ʻōlelo ʻia he "palapala ʻaha" ma ke ʻano he kumu kumu inā ʻaʻole i waiho ʻia nā palapala i ka ʻaha a no laila ʻaʻole i loaʻa ākea nā nūpepa a i ʻole nā ​​lālā o ka lehulehu e komo. ʻAʻole hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i nā loulou i nā palapala āna i kuhikuhi ai akā akāka akāka ka ʻike nui ʻia o kāna ʻike ma luna o kahi waiho mai o Aaron Blair, ka epidemiologist National Cancer Institute i alakaʻi i ka hui hana ʻo IARC ma glyphosate, a me nā leka uila e pili ana a me nā moʻolelo ʻē aʻe. Ua loaʻa iā Monsanto ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o ke kaʻina hana no ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup e kali nei i ka ʻaha pekelala ma Kapalakiko. Ma ka helu ʻana i nā palapala o ka ʻaha, ua hōʻalo ʻo Kelland i ka kamaʻilio ʻana inā paha ʻaʻole i hānai ʻo Monsanto a i ʻole nā ​​mea kōkua iā ia i nā moʻolelo iā ia. A ma muli o ka hāʻawi ʻole o ka ʻatikala i kahi loulou i ka waiho ʻana o Blair, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike i ke kūkākūkā piha ʻana o ka noi i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia a i ʻole nā ​​manaʻo he nui e Blair o kekahi mau noiʻi ʻē aʻe e hōʻike ana i nā loulou ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ke hāʻawi nei au i ka waihona Eia, a e hōʻike ana ua noi wau a loaʻa iā ia mai nā loio i pili i ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā Kelland moʻolelo.

ʻO ka lua, pili ka moʻolelo i kekahi manaʻo anti-IARC o kahi ʻepekema ʻo Bob Tarone a kuhikuhi iā ia ma ke ʻano he loea "kūʻokoʻa", kekahi "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kelland iā Tarone me ka ʻōlelo ʻana he loiloi a piha ʻole ka loiloi a IARC o ka glyphosate. Koe, e like me ka ka ʻikepili i hāʻawi ʻia e IARC, Mamao loa ʻo Tarone mai ke kūʻokoʻa ʻana iā Monsanto; Ua ʻike ʻo Tarone i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he kūkākūkā uku ʻo ia iā Monsanto, a kahi ʻāpana i ʻōlelo ʻia e Reuters a kākau ʻia e Tarone i ka makahiki i hala aku nei ma kahi puke ʻepekema ʻEulopa e nānā hou ʻia nei e hōʻike i ka hakakā o Tarone o ka hoihoi, e like me ka IARC, i ʻōlelo ai e kamaʻilio pū ana me kēlā puke pai.

Akā ʻoi aku ka mea nui aʻe ma mua o nā hewa ʻo ke ʻano o ke koho ʻana i ka moʻolelo i ka huki ʻana mai ka waiho ʻana o Blair. ʻAʻole nānā ka moʻolelo i nā hōʻoia he nui a Blair e hōʻike ana i nā pilina glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ua kau ʻia ma ka ʻike o Blair. hoʻokahi noiʻi noiʻi ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia ke holomua nei nō kēlā. Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ka moʻolelo i ka kuhi manaʻo inā paha ua hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻikepili a paʻi ʻia i ka manawa e loiloi ʻia e IARC a me nā manaʻo hou e Blair, i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e kahi loio Monsanto, inā ua pau a inā ua paʻi ʻia hiki ke kōkua i ka pale nā ʻike ʻē aʻe IARC i ʻike ʻia e hōʻike ana i nā pilina maʻi ʻaʻai maikaʻi.

ʻO kēlā noiʻi, ʻāpana o kahi papahana hoʻomau nui e nā mea noiʻi aupuni o US i kapa ʻia ʻo Ke Ola Ola Ola, komo pū me nā haneli he nui o nā noiʻi a me nā makahiki o ka ʻikepili ʻana i nā hopena pesticide i nā mahiʻai. ʻO Blair, ka mea i hoʻomaha loa mai ka National Cancer Institute ma 2007, ʻaʻole ia i alakaʻi i kēlā noiʻi akā he ʻāpana o kahi kime ʻepekema i ka makahiki 2013 e kālailai ana i ka ʻikepili e pili ana i ka hoʻohana pesticide a me ka pilikia o ka non-Hodgkin lymphoma. ʻAʻole hōʻike ka ʻikepili kikoʻī i ka glyphosate i ka pili i ka NHL akā i ka hana ʻana e paʻi i kahi pepa e pili ana i nā ʻikepili āpau a ka hui i hōʻiliʻili ai, ua hoʻoholo lākou e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka nānā ʻana i nā insecticides a ma 2014 ua hoʻopuka i kahi pepa ma ia hana. ʻAʻole hoʻolaha ʻia ka ʻikepili ma glyphosate a me NHL, a ʻōlelo kekahi mau ʻepekema kamaʻāina i ka hana ʻaʻole i alualu ʻia ka lōʻihi o ka manawa e ka poʻe akā hāʻawi ʻia ka NHL he 20 a ʻoi paha mau makahiki e hoʻomohala ai. ʻO kahi hōʻuluʻulu o ka ʻikepili ma mua e nā mea noiʻi AHS i hōʻike ʻole i ka pilina ma waena o glyphosate a me NHL i paʻiʻia ma 2005 a ua noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC. Akā ma muli o ka paʻi ʻole ʻia o ka ʻike hou ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC.

Wahi a Blair, ʻo ka hoʻoholo e kaupalena i ka hana i paʻi ʻia i nā insecticides e hana i ka ʻikepili i hiki ke mālama ʻia a ua hana maikaʻi ʻia ma mua o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o IARC e nānā ana i glyphosate ma 2015.

"ʻO ke kānāwai ke nānā wale ʻoe i nā mea i paʻi ʻia," haʻi mai ʻo Blair iaʻu i kēia pule ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o ka moʻolelo Reuters. "He aha lā inā e hāwanawana ka poʻe āpau i nā mea a lākou i ʻike ai ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia a hoʻoholo ʻia e pili ana i kēlā?" Ua hōʻoia ʻo IARC ʻaʻole ia e noʻonoʻo i ka noiʻi i paʻi ʻole ʻia. I kāna waihona, ʻōlelo ʻo Blair ʻaʻohe mea i hoʻololi i kona manaʻo e pili ana i ka glyphosate a me ka NHL.

ʻO ka Epidemiologist a me ka ʻepekema o ke Kulanui o Toronto ʻo John McLaughlin, ka mea i noho ma ka hui hana glyphosate no IARC me Blair, i ʻōlelo mai iaʻu i loko o kahi leka i kēia pule i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā hana i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e Reuters i hoʻololi ʻole i kāna ʻike i ka pono o ka IARC. hopena ma glyphosate kekahi.

Waiho pū ʻia hoʻi ma waho o ka moʻolelo Reuters - ka waihona a me kahi kope kope o ka hoʻopaʻa noiʻi ʻana e hōʻike nei aia he mau hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena o ka AHS ma muli o nā pūʻulu "ʻano liʻiliʻi" o nā hihia i hōʻike ʻia. A ʻo ka mea nui hoʻi, ua haʻalele ka hōʻike Reuters i kā Blair kūkā kamaʻilio ʻana no ka North American Pooled Project, kahi i komo ai, a aia pū kekahi ʻikepili e pili ana i ka glyphosate a me ka NHL akā ʻaʻole maikaʻi ia iā Monsanto. A sinopsis o kēlā papahana ua hōʻike ʻia i ka International Society for Environmental Epidemiology ma 2015 i hōʻike ʻia i ka poʻe i hoʻohana i ka glyphosate no ʻelima mau makahiki a hoʻonui i ka nui o ka loaʻa o ka NHL, a ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka makaʻikaʻi no nā poʻe i mālama i ka glyphosate ma mua o ʻelua mau lā o ka makahiki. ʻO kēlā ʻikepili, e like me ka ʻikepili AHS hou, ʻaʻole i hāʻawi ʻia iā IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia.

"I ka heluhelu ʻia ʻana o kā transcript palapala waiho kālā a Dr. Blair, hōʻike ia ʻaʻole i mālama hewa ʻia kahi mea mai IARC," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka loio o ka Plaintiffs ʻo Aimee Wagstaff. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hoʻohana ana ʻo Monsanto i nā ʻāpana o ka waiho kālā e "hoʻonui i kāna papahana i ka pāpāho."

I ka epidemiologist ʻo Peter Infante, ka mea i lilo ma mua o 20 mau makahiki e alakaʻi ana i kahi ʻāpana ʻailakino ma ka ʻOihana Hoʻokele a me ka Health Administration a ua kālailai ʻia kahi kino o ka noiʻi epidemiology e pili ana i ka glyphosate i hōʻike no ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo ʻepekema ʻepekema Environmental Agency (EPA) i Kēkēmapa. unuhi ʻia i ka ʻikepili i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e kākoʻo ana i ko Monsanto kūlana i makemake nui ʻia e pili ana i ka ʻole.

"He mau noiʻi ʻē aʻe kāu e hōʻike ana i ka pane o ka lāʻau," ua haʻi ʻo ia iaʻu. "ʻAʻole kēia aʻo olakino mahiʻai i ka pae gula. No glyphosate a me NHL ʻaʻole lākou i ukali i ka manawa lōʻihi o ka poʻe. ʻOiai inā ua paʻi ʻia ka ʻikepili a noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC aia ia i loko o ka pōʻaiapili o nā hopena noiʻi ʻē aʻe. "

A ʻo ka mea hope loa, i kahi hoʻokae ʻē, ʻaʻole hōʻike ka moʻolelo e pili ana ʻo Kelland iā ia iho i ka pili paʻa loa iā Monsanto a me nā hoa aloha. Ua kōkua ʻo Kelland i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kahi hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, kahi hui nona ka pahuhopu e hoʻopili i kekahi mau ʻepekema e like me Tarone me nā mea nūpepa e like me Kelland, a loaʻa ka poloka nui o nā kālā mai nā ʻoihana e hoʻopili i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻO nā mea kālā o kēia wā a me nā wā i hala e hui pū me Monsanto, ko Monsanto hoa hui pū me Bayer AG, DuPont a me ka lobbyist ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻo CropLife International. Kelland ʻike ʻia i he wikiō hoʻolaha no SMC e hoʻokani nei i ka hui a kākau i kahi moʻolelo e paʻi ana i ka SMC i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kahi Hōʻike hoʻolaha SMC.

Ma ke ʻano he mea nūhou ʻo Reuters no 17 mau makahiki (1998-2015) maopopo iaʻu ka waiwai o kahi "kū hoʻokahi." ʻO ka nui o nā scoops e loaʻa ai kahi mea kākau, ʻo nā helu bonus hou a mahalo kiʻekiʻe mai nā luna hoʻoponopono. He ʻōnaehana ia i ʻike ʻia i nā keʻena nūhou he nui a hana nui ia ke paipai ʻia i ka journalism investigative dogged. Akā ʻike ʻo nā ʻoihana ikaika e like me Monsanto i ka makemake o ka poʻe kūkala nūhou e pae i waho o ka ʻāina a ʻike i ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka mea i makemake ʻia e ka poʻe nūpepa me ka hoʻohiki o ka exclusivity hiki ke lawelawe maikaʻi i kā lākou pilina pili lehulehu. E hāhai i ka moʻolelo i hānai lima ʻia me kahi hoʻokuʻu nūhou mai kahi puka i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana a kāhea i kahi hoʻokolokolo mai ka hui ʻoihana American Chemistry Council a he gula gula kāu.

ʻO ka mea āu ʻole ka ʻoiaʻiʻo.

Carey Gillam, Luna Hoʻokele

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ʻO Carey Gillam ka mea kākau o ka puke lanakila, "Whitewash: ka moʻolelo o kahi mea hoʻomake i nā nāhelehele, maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka palaho o ka ʻepekema"(Island Press, 2017) a me kahi mea kākau moʻolelo kūpuna, ka mea noiʻi a me ka mea kākau me ka ʻoi aku o 20 mau makahiki o ka ʻike i ka ʻoihana nūhou. Loaʻa ka hanohano i kā kā Gillam puke puke ʻO ka makana puke ʻo Rachel Carson mai ka Society of Environmental Journalists no ka hōʻike ʻana i nā hana huna o nā hui a me nā hana hoʻopunipuni e nā ʻoihana pesticide ikaika, a me ka ʻimi ʻana o ka ʻoihana i nā waiwai i lilo i mea nui ma mua o ka pale o ka lehulehu. "ʻO kēia hoʻokolokolo kūpono a hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia ʻana o kekahi o nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa koʻikoʻi loa o ka honua e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ka mahiʻai ua noiʻi maikaʻi ʻia a maʻalahi hoʻi i hiki i nā poʻe heluhelu i loaʻa ʻole ka ʻike ʻepekema nui," i kākau ai nā luna kānāwai.

Ma mua o ke komo ʻana i ka US Right to Know, ua hoʻohana ʻo Gillam i 17 mau makahiki ma ke ʻano he mea kākau moʻolelo no Reuters, kahi lawelawe nūhou kūwaho. I kēlā kūlana, ua mākaukau ʻo ia i ka uhi ʻana o ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai me kahi kikoʻī nui i ka piʻi ʻana o ka ʻenehana mea kanu biotech, ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā huahana pesticide, a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni o nā mea ʻelua, a ua hoʻomohala ʻo ia i kahi ʻike hohonu o ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻopili pū ana. ʻO Monsanto, Dow AgroSciences, DuPont, BASF, Bayer a me Syngenta.

Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Gillam ma ke ʻano he nūpepa poʻokela kiʻekiʻe loa o ka ʻāina e uhi ana i kēia mau pilikia a noi pinepine ʻia e kamaʻilio ma ka lekiō a me ke kīwī a e hele mai i nā ʻaha kūkā e hōʻike i kona ʻike i nā pilikia nui i hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻia e pili ana i ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai. Noho ʻo ia ma Overland Park, Kansas, me kāna kāne a me ʻekolu mau keiki.

Kāhea iā Carey: carey@usrtk.org
E hāhai iā Carey ma Twitter: @AlohaAloha

heluhelu mai o Nā ʻatikala a Carey Gillam ma aneʻi.