ʻAʻole kūpono ʻo Mark Lynas ', hoʻolaha hoʻopunipuni no ka papahana mahiʻai

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ʻO Mark Lynas he mea kākau moʻolelo mua i hoʻohuli i ka mea hoʻolaha hoʻolaha no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻino ʻia e haʻi pololei ʻole ai e pili ana i kēlā huahana mai kāna perch ma ka ʻO Cornates Alliance i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Gates Foundation. Kau ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell mai ka makahiki 2014, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha lehulehu e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea haʻi ʻōlelo a hana i nā pūnaewele o ka mana, keu hoʻi i nā ʻāina ʻApelika, e paipai i ka ʻae ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai. 

ʻEpekema, ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea i ka ʻai hewa ʻo Lynas ma ka ʻepekema

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema a me nā loea i nā kulekele ʻai iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana i nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole a ʻepekema hoʻi i kāna mau hana e hāpai i nā pono agribusiness. Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, hoʻomake ʻia nā kālaiʻike i Iulai 2020 Haawina Ua kākau ʻo Lynas no Cornell Alliance no ka ʻepekema e koi ana i ka agroecology "pilikia e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." Ua wehewehe ka poʻe loiloi i ka ʻatikala a Lynas ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema"A me"kālailai hewa maoli"ʻO"hoʻopili hewa i ka mālama ag me agroecology a laila hana i nā hopena hihiu. "

ʻO ka agronomist Marc Corbeels, nona ka pepa a Lynas i manaʻo ai e wehewehe i loko o ka ʻatikala, i ʻōlelo ʻo Lynas i hana.kahili laulaha. ” Ua kāhea ʻo Marcus Taylor, he kālaimeaola kālaiʻāina ma ke Kulanui o Queen, no ka hoʻi hou ʻana; "ʻO ka mea kūpono e hana ai huki i kāu ʻāpana kīnā ʻole e huikau ai nā mea maʻamau o nā hoʻolālā mahiʻai, "i hoʻopaʻa aku ai ʻo Taylor iā Lynas. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ka ʻatikala e like me "Ideology maʻemaʻe" a "kahi hilahila no kekahi e makemake e koi iā ia he 'ʻepekema'. "  

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe mai nā ʻepekema a me nā loea kulekele e pili ana i kā Lynas hana (hoʻoikaika iā mākou):

  • "Hiki iaʻu ke kīnā ʻole ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO a me kēlā ʻo ka hapa nui o (Lynas ') mau ʻōlelo he wahaheʻe, ” kākau ʻo David Schubert, PhD, poʻo, Cellular Neurobiology Laboratory & Professor ma The Salk Institute, i kahi leka i ka ʻO San Diego Union Tribune.
  • "Eia kekahi o nā kuhi hewa a kuhi hewa paha ʻO Lynas e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a i ʻole ke hoʻomohala ʻana o GE, "i kākau ai ʻo Doug Gurian-Sherman, PhD, he ʻepekema kahiko loa, Union o nā ʻepekema hopohopo. "Ma kahi o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a kūkākūkā ʻana paha i ka ʻepekema maoli, hoʻolei ʻo Lynas i nā aspersions a nā hokele i ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka mana ma mua o ka ʻikepili a noiʻi paha. " 
  • ʻO kā Lynas mau koi e pili ana i ka maopopo o ka palekana o GMO “ʻaʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a naʻaupō, ” e like me kā Belinda Martineau, PhD, he ʻenekinia genetika nāna i kōkua i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka meaʻai GMO mua loa (e nānā leka iā NYT a ʻO Salon Biotech).
  • Ma ka hōʻike he Puke a Lynas Nā ʻano ʻepekema, ua wehewehe ʻo ka anthropologist ʻo Glenn Davis Stone i ka puke ma ke ʻano he “rehash amateurish o nā kamaʻilio kamaʻilio maʻamau. " 
  • "The papa inoa holoi o ka mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO ʻelua a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e ke poʻo e kekahi o nā alakaʻi o ka honua nā mea kanu agroecologists a biologists,"I kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, PhD, ka luna mua ʻo Food First, ma ka Ka Post Huffington.
  • ʻO Mark Lynas he "hana 'oihana mai o ... demona," kakau ʻo Timothy A. Wise, ka luna o ka noiʻi ma mua ma ka Global Development and Environment Institute ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tufts.
  • "Hōʻike hewa ʻole kā Lynas moʻolelo,”E like me ka a Ho'ōkāka'ānō 2018 mai ka ʻApelika Waena Center no Biodiversity, kahi hui ma South-Africa. 
  • “Maka Hōʻike kā Lynas mau koi i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. E nānā ʻole ʻoe iā ia, ” ʻO tweet ʻo Pete Myers, PhD, poʻo ʻepekema ʻepekema ma ka ʻepekema ʻĀina Ola, ka mea hoʻopuka o EHN.org.

'Manipulative, misleading and unethical' tactics 

Wahi a nā hui ma ʻApelika, ua hōʻike hewa ʻole ʻo Lynas i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāpai i kahi papahana politika. Wahi a kahi hōʻike o Kekemapa 2018 na ka Center for Biodiversity o ʻApelika, ʻo Lynas a me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i hoʻohana i nā kiʻi o nā mahiʻai ʻApelika me ka ʻole o kā lākou ʻike a me ka ʻae, hoʻohana ʻana i nā kiʻi i nā ala kuhi hewa e koi ai i nā mahiʻai e pono iā GMO.

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i kēia kiʻi o kahi mahiʻai Tanzania, ʻo Mrs. R, i waho o ka pōʻaiapili a me ka ʻole o kāna ʻae.

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, ua kau ʻo Lynas i kēia kiʻi o kahi mahiʻai Tanzania, ʻo Mrs. R, me ka ʻae ʻole a me ka ʻole o ka pōʻaiapili, e ʻōlelo ana ua ʻeha ʻo ia i ka "pono ​​kaulike honua." ʻO Mrs. R he mea mahiʻai kūleʻa nāna e hoʻokūkū i nā hana agroecological a ola maikaʻi, e like me ka hōʻike a ACBio. Ua noi ʻo ia iā Lynas e hemo kāna kiʻi, akā ʻo ia noho ma kāna hānai twitter. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ACBio i loko o kāna hōʻike i nā hana a Lynas "i hele i kekahi laina ʻulaʻula a pono e hoʻopau."  

ʻO ka pūʻulu koa meaʻai i'ōleloʻia ma kahi hoʻokuʻu pāʻani he "mōʻaukala kolohe" ko Lynas ma Tanzania "no ka hale loea ʻoihana biotech mahiʻai. "Ua hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia kāna mau kipa ʻana i ka ʻāina e ka lobby, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā paepae e like me nā hālāwai maʻamau o ka Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa (OFAB), kahi e noho ana nā nūhou e hōʻike i kāna mau kamaʻilio. Ua kuhikuhi nui ʻia kāna mau hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā kānāwai biosafety o ka ʻāina, e like me ke ʻano o ka makaʻala a me nā ʻāpana o ke kuleana koʻikoʻi. "

ʻO ka Alliance for Food Sovereignty (AFSA), kahi hui hui e kū ana i nā mahiʻai a me nā hui mea kūʻai ma 35 a puni ʻo ʻApelika, ua hoʻopiʻi pū ʻo ia iā Lynas e hoʻolaha nei "hoʻohiki wahaheʻe, hōʻike wahaheʻe, a me nā ʻike ʻē aʻe. ” I loko o kahi ʻatikala 2018, ua wehewehe lākou iā Lynas ma ke ʻano he "lele-in pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, ʻaʻole hiki ke kuhihewa ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu."

Hoʻouna ʻia nā leka pesticide ma muli o nā kuhi ʻōlelo ʻoihana, ʻaʻole ka ʻepekema

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hōʻike pololei ʻole na Lynas nāna 2017 kikokikona no ka Cornell Alliance no ka ʻepekema e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization no ka hōʻike ʻana i ka glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Lynas ʻo ka hōʻike a ka ʻaha loea he "kilokilo kilokilo" a "ʻike hewa maoli ʻia i ka ʻepekema a me ka hoʻoponopono kūlohelohe," i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka poʻe i lanakila me ka "hysteria a me ka naʻau." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻo ka glyphosate ka "kemika maikaʻi loa i ka mahiʻai honua." 

A ʻike maoli ʻia e US Right to Know ʻike ʻo ia ua hana like ʻo Lynas i nā manaʻo hoʻopunipuni like ʻole a hilinaʻi hoʻi i nā kumuwaiwai hemahema ʻelua e like me kahi blog i kau ʻia i hoʻokahi mahina ma mua e ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui ʻo Monsanto e uku nei e kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate a me nā huahana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe. 

I ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana kana hihia "hana ʻino nā hui ʻepekema i ka ʻepekema a me nā kulekele pili i ka hōʻike i ka glyphosate saga," ʻaʻole i hilinaʻi wale ʻo Lynas i nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa o nā ʻoihana a me nā kumuwaiwai, akā nānā ʻole i ka nui o nā hōʻike, i hōʻike ākea ʻia ma ka pāpāho, ua hoʻohana ʻo Monsanto i ka ʻepekema a me nā loiloi i ka glyphosate. no nā makahiki hoʻohana i nā hana huna hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ghostwriting a waiwai, hoʻomake aʻo ʻana, kaomi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, hoʻouka ʻepekema a nā keʻena hoʻokele ikaika-mākaukau i mea e pale aku ai i kāna loaʻa kālā mai nā huahana glyphosate. 

Paipai ʻia e, nakinaki ʻia i ka pūnaewele hoʻolaha ʻoihana pesticide

Paipai pinepine nā ʻoihana Agrichemical a me kā lākou mau mea pili i ka lehulehu iā Mark Lynas a me kāna hana. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana Pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto, nā tweets hoʻolaha he nui e ka ʻoihana pesticide nā hui kālepa, nā pūʻulu lobby, ʻoihana kākoʻo nā kālaiʻike a nā mea kākau, a likeʻole Monsanto limahana, a me nā ʻumi o nā ʻatikala a Lynas paipai ʻia e Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, a pūʻulu propaganda pili like kēlā me Monsanto.

Hana pū ʻo Lynas a me Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema me nā mea pāʻani ʻē aʻe i ka lobbying a me ka pūnaewele propaganda o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Kūkākūkā i ka hui hoa Monsanto Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema

He hūnā Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR i ʻōlelo ʻia Pepeluali 2015 i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he hui i hiki ke kōkua i ke alakaʻi ʻana i ka hana a ka ʻoihana i ka pāpāho e hōʻino i ka hōʻike maʻi maʻi WHO e pili ana i ka glyphosate. Ke lawelawe nei ʻo Lynas ma ka ʻaha kūkā aʻoaʻo o ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. Ua hōʻike ʻo Intercept i ka makahiki 2016 "ʻaʻole e hōʻike mau ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ke loaʻa nā kumuwaiwai i nā kumuhana hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā ʻepekema me nā pilina i nā ʻoihana e nānā ʻia," a "ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana e kūleʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻae a i ʻole e hōʻoki i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha." ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema nā hoa me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e hāʻawi iā “kūkākūkā helu no nā mea nūpepa” ma o ka luna o ka hui ʻO Trevor Butterworth, ka mea i wehewehe ʻia e ka poʻe nūpepa ma ke ʻano he “ʻoihana kemika ʻoihana pili lehulehu.

e pili pū ana: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

Kūlike ʻia me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema skeptic e hoʻokumu i pro-fracking, pro-nuke, GMO "neʻe"

Ua kāhea ʻo Lynas iā ia iho he hoa hui o ka "neʻe" o ka "ecomodernism," kahi ʻano hui i hoʻopili ʻia o "environmentism" a ka mea kākau Pelekane ʻo George Monbiot i wehewehe ai "ʻaʻole e lawe i kahi hana politika e pale aku i ka honua kūlohelohe." Paipai ka eco-modernists i ka fracking, ka mana nukelea a me nā huahana mahiʻai e like me nā hopena kaiaola. Wahi a nā alakaʻi eco-modernist ʻO Ted Nordhaus lāua ʻo Michael Shellenberger o ka Breakthrough Institute, nā ʻenehana ʻenehana i makemake ʻia e ka pilionaiona Koch mau hoahānau "ke hana nei i nā mea i ʻoi aku ka nui e hōʻemi ai i nā kinoea hoʻomehana hale hoʻomehana honua ma mua o nā mea i makemake ʻia e ka hema-apocalyptic Left." 

ma kekahi hanana hoʻokō ʻole i holomua no ka ecomodernism i Kepakemapa 2015, ua hoʻopili ʻo Lynas iā ia iho me Owen Paterson, kahi mea koʻikoʻi denianist ʻepekema aniau ma UK ʻo wai hōʻemi kālā no nā hana e hoʻomākaukau i ka ʻāina no ka hoʻomehana honua ʻoiai ʻo ia ke kākau ʻōlelo o ke kaiapuni. ʻO ka mahina like nō ia, ʻo Paterson ua kamaʻilio ma Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi i hoʻolaha ai ʻo ia i nā GMO i kahi hyperbolic olelo hoʻopiha ʻia me nā koi i kākoʻo ʻole ʻia, a ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā kaiāulu e ʻae ana i nā keiki e make i ʻApelika. "ʻO nā pāʻani ʻōmaʻomaʻo biliona kālā e pepehi i nā keiki ʻilihune," i ʻōlelo ʻia a ke poʻo e hōʻike ana ma ka haʻi ʻōlelo a Paterson's Cornell mai ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a ʻo ka hui mua ʻo Monsanto e uku nei e pale aku i kāna huahana. 

ʻO Mark Lynas kāʻei kua

Ua kākau ʻo Lynas i kekahi mau puke e pili ana i ka huliau (ʻo kekahi o ia mau puke i ʻike ʻia e ka Royal Society) ma mua o kona ʻume ʻana me ka "Hoʻololi" mai kahi anti-GMO activist i kahi mea hoʻolaha o ka ʻenehana me kahi hoʻolaha 2013 i hoʻolaha nui ʻia ma Oxford ia nā mea ho'ākāka i weheweheia me hoʻopunipuni. Ma hope o kēlā makahiki ua lilo ʻo Lynas i hoa ma Cornell University Office o International Programs ma ke Kulanui o ka mahiʻai a me ke ola ʻepekema, a hoʻomaka e hana ana no ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha kamaʻilio i hoʻomohala ʻia ma 2014 e hoʻolaha i nā GMO me kālā mai ka Gates Foundation.

E nānā i: No ke aha ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻokau nei i kahi hoʻolaha hoʻolaha GMO?

Ua hōʻike ʻo Lynas iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "alakaʻi politika" no Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kahi 2015 New York Times op-ed. ʻAʻole wehewehe ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i ke ʻano o kāna papahana politika, akā ʻo ka leka ʻana a ka hui a me nā pahuhopu e alualu pono i ka papa hana kalepa ʻoihana mahiʻai: e hoʻonui i ka ʻae ʻana i nā mea kanu a me nā pesticides a puni ka honua, ʻo ia hoʻi ma ʻApelika.

Pahu aku iā Lynas PR Mysterious, a hoʻopuka aku i ka memo EuropaBio

ʻO ka hoʻolaha pālahalaha nui o ka hoʻololi ʻana o Lynas 'pro-GMO i ka makahiki 2013 i hāpai i kahi kānalua no ke kōkua ʻana o kahi pāʻoihana PR e hoʻokiʻekiʻe iā ia ma hope o nā hanana. A pūnāwai memo 2011 mai kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana PR - e wehewehe nei i nā hoʻolālā e hōʻiliʻili i nā "ʻelele" kiʻekiʻe e lobby no ka ʻae ʻia o GMO - ua hoʻonui ʻia nā kānalua no ke kākoʻo ʻana o ka ʻoihana no ka mea ʻo Lynas ka inoa i kuhikuhi ʻia. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia i ka hui ʻaʻole i hoʻokokoke iā ia.

E like me ka Hoike kahu, EuropaBio, kahi hui kalepa nona nā lālā i hui pū ʻia me Monsanto lāua ʻo Bayer, i hoʻolālā e ʻimi i nā ʻelele PR e kōkua i nā mea hoʻoholo e "noʻonoʻo hou i ke kūlana o ʻEulopa ma nā mea kanu GM." ʻAʻole e uku pololei ʻia nā ʻelele akā e loaʻa nā lilo o ka huakaʻi a me ke "kākoʻo kūkaʻa hoʻolaʻa" mai ke kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ka loio o ka PR firm e "loaʻa ka hoihoi mai" Lynas, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, i ka ʻelele. Ua hōʻole ʻo Lynas i ka launa ʻole ʻana me lākou. "ʻAʻole wau i noi ʻia e lilo i ʻelele, ʻaʻole hoʻi wau e ʻae i kēlā noi inā noi ʻia," i haʻi ʻo ia i ka Guardian.

ʻO Gates Foundation, GMOs & Monsanto

ʻO ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ka mea hoʻolewa nui no ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema me Hāʻawi kālā $ 12 miliona, ua hoʻohewa ʻia no kāna mau hoʻolālā kālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai e makemake i nā ʻāpana agribusiness ʻoihana. A ʻImi 2014 mai ka pūʻulu noiʻi GRAIN ʻike ua lilo ka Gates Foundation i ka hapa nui o kāna kālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai "e hānai i ka poʻe hune ma ʻApelika" - kokoke $ 3 biliona i hoʻolilo ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he ʻumi - i waihona kālā ʻepekema a me nā mea noiʻi i nā lāhui waiwai. Kōkua pū ke kālā i ke kūʻai ʻana i ka mana politika ma waena o ʻApelika, hōʻike ʻo GRAIN. A Hōʻike 2016 e ka hui hoʻolaha Global Justice Now ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia nā papahana hoʻomohala mahiʻai a ka Gates Foundation e "hoʻonui i ka like ʻole o ka honua a me ka hoʻokū ʻana i ka mana ʻoihana ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa."

Ua hoʻonui ākea ka Gates Foundation i kāna kālā no nā papahana mahiʻai ma kahi o XNUMX mau makahiki i hala aku nei iā Rob Horsch, ʻO ke poʻo mua o Monsanto o ka ulu ʻana o ka honua i hui pū me ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai o ke kahua ka hui alakaʻi. ʻO kā Lynas puke hou "Seeds of Science" e hoʻolilo ai i kahi mokuna ("The True History of Monsanto") e hoʻāʻo ana e wehewehe i kekahi o nā lawehala o ka hui a mahalo iā Rob Horsch i ka lōʻihi. Hoʻolilo ia i kahi mokuna ʻē aʻe ("ʻApelika: E ʻAi iā lākou e ʻai i ka ʻāpana pēpē Organic") me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pono i nā ʻApelika pono nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai e hānai iā lākou iho.

ʻO nā loiloi o ko ka Gates Foundation kolonial i ʻApelika

  • Nā hua o Neo-Colonialism: No ke aha i hewa ai nā mea hoʻolaha GMO e pili ana iā ʻApelika, ʻōlelo a ka Alliance no ke Aliʻi Mea ʻai ma ʻApelika, 5/7/2018
  • Ke hoʻohana nei ʻo Gates a me Rockefeller i ko lākou mana e hoʻonoho i ka papa kuhikuhi ma nā mokuʻāina ʻilihune?"Hoʻomaopopo ka noiʻi iā Bill a me Melinda Gates a me Rockefeller i nā kumu i waena o nā mea hāʻawi waiwai e kokoke ana i ke aupuni a e ʻimi ana paha i nā mea nui," na John Vidal, Tʻo ia kahu, 1/15/2016
  • Mana Philanthropic a me Hoʻolālā. Na wai e hoʻolālā i ka papa kuhikuhi? na Jens Martens lāua ʻo Karolin Seitz, Hōʻike 2015 (ʻaoʻao 48).
  • Philanthrocapitalism: ʻAʻole aloha nā papahana ʻApelika Waena, na Philip L Bereano, Polofesa Emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Wakinekona, Ke ala hou ʻana o ka honua ʻekolu, 2017
  • Pehea ʻo Bill Gates e kōkua nei iā KFC e lawe iā ʻApelika, na Alex Park, Mother Jones, 1/10/2014
  • ʻO ka Gates Foundation Seed Agenda ma ʻApelika 'ʻO kekahi ʻano o ke koloneialista,' Warns Protestants, na Lauren McCauley, Nā Moemoeā Kaulike, 3/23/2015
  • Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo Gates Foundation i ka hao waiwai neoliberal o ka mahiʻai ʻApelika, na Colin Todhunter, ʻO ka Ecologist, 1/21/2016
  • Pehea ka Gates Foundation e hoʻolilo ai i kāna kālā e hānai i ka honua?Hōʻike GRAIN, 2014
  • ʻO Bill Gates kahi mikiona e kūʻai aku i nā GMO i ʻApelika, akā ʻaʻole ia e haʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, na Stacy Malkan, Alternet, 3/24/2016

Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Pesticide

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ʻEhā mau ʻoihana i kēia manawa kaohi aku ma mua o 60% o ka hoʻolako honua o nā hua a me nā pesticides. ʻO ka nānā ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou mau hana he mea nui ia no ka lako o ka meaʻai a palekana. Eia nō naʻe kēia mau hui āpau - Monsanto / Bayer, DowDuPont, Syngenta, BASF - lōʻihi nā moʻolelo o ka hūnā ʻana i ka ʻino o kā lākou huahana. ʻOiai ʻaʻole hoʻonāukiuki kā lākou mau moʻolelo i ka hilinaʻi, hilinaʻi lākou i nā mea kōkua ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hoʻolaha a pale aku i kā lākou huahana.

ʻO nā pepa o lalo iho nei e hoʻomālamalama i kēia pūnaewele hoʻolaha huna. nā hui mua, nā kālaikū, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea hoʻokele e hana ma hope o nā hanana me nā ʻoihana pesticide e paipai a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. 

ʻO ka ʻike a mākou e hōʻike ai ma aneʻi e pili ana ia i ka US Right to Know investigation i loaʻa he ʻumi tausani mau ʻaoʻao o nā ʻoihana hui kūloko a me nā kānāwai hoʻomalu mai ka makahiki 2015. Wahi a Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala Monsanto i ka makahiki 2019,  "E hoʻopili ka hoʻokolokolo a USRTK i ka ʻoihana holoʻokoʻa." 

E ʻoluʻolu e kaʻana like i kēia mau pepa pono, a e hōʻailona maʻaneʻi e loaʻa i nā nūhou haʻihaʻi mai kā mākou mau noiʻi. 

Nānā Hou: ka hana ʻana i kahi hui mua o Monsanto

AgBioChatter: kahi i hoʻolālā ai nā ʻoihana a me nā kālaiʻike i ka hoʻolālā ma GMO a me nā pesticides

Alison Van Eenennaam: kī haʻi waha a me lobbyist no nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me GMO

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino he hui hui mua

ʻO Bayer's Shady PR Firms: ʻO FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum PR

Biofortified kōkua i nā ʻoihana kemika PR & lobbying mau hana

Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻoihana PR

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema he ka hoʻolaha lehulehu ma Cornell e hoʻolaha i nā GMO

Council for Biotechnology Information, Nā pane a GMO, CropLife: ʻoihana pesticide PR pratives 

ʻO Drew Kershen: ʻO ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ʻoihana mua

Mea Hoʻolālā Meaʻai GMO he kiʻi hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni, e ʻōlelo nā kālaiʻike he nui

ʻO Geoffrey Kabat: nā pilina i nā pūʻulu ʻoihana paka a me nā kemika

ʻO Glyphosate Spin Spin: ka hoʻokolo ʻana i nā kuleana e pili ana i ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia

Nā Pane GMO he hoʻokele pilikia PR mea hana no GMOs & pesticides

ʻO Hank Campbell kā maze o nā blog ʻepekema aloha Monsanto

ʻO Henry I. Miller haule ʻia e Forbes no ka hana ʻino kākau kolohe na Monsanto

ʻAha Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa: Ke pale aku nei ka hui i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Koch i ka pesticide, ka aila, nā ʻoihana paka

ʻO ka ʻaha kūkā ʻikepili pili honua (IFIC): pehea i hoʻohuli ai ʻo Big Food i ka nūhou maikaʻi ʻole

Ke Kula NuiʻOihana Ola Ola (ILSI) he hui lobby ʻoihana meaʻai, hōʻike nā palapala

ʻO Jay Byrne: e launa me ke kāne ma hope o ka mīkini Monsanto PR

ʻO Jon Entine, Polokalamu Heluhelu Genetic: nā ʻelele nui no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana kemika

Keith Kloor: pehea i hana ai kahi mea kākau ʻepekema me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma hope o nā hanana

ʻO Kevin Folta's nā hoʻopiʻi hoʻopunipuni a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi

ʻO Mark Lynas o Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema hoʻolauna hoʻopunipuni a pololei ʻole hoʻi no ka papahana kālepa ʻoihana ahupuaʻa

Ua kapa ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana" i loko Hoʻolālā ʻo PR e kūʻē i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate (2015)

Nina Federoff Ua hoʻoneʻe i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e kākoʻo iā Monsanto

ʻO Pamela Ronald's nā pilina i nā hui mua o ka hana kemika

ʻO Peter Phillips a me kona ʻ secretlelo huna "kuleana ʻike" ma ke Kulanui o Saskatchewan

ʻO SciBabe 'ōlelo eʻai i kāu pesticides, akāʻo wai ke uku iā ia?

Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele paipai i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema

Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS wili ʻepekema no ka ʻoihana

ʻO Stuart Smyth's nā pilina ʻoihana mahiʻai a me ke kālā 

ʻO Tamar Haspel alakaʻi hewa i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka Wakinekona Post i kāna kolamu meaʻai

ʻO Val Giddings: ʻo BIO VP ma mua kahi hana nui no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

ʻO nā pepa ʻoi aʻe e pili ana i nā hui mua nui, nā hui kālepa a me nā mea kākau PR

BIO: hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech

Ke kikowaena no ke kūʻokoʻa o nā mea kūʻai

ʻO Crop Life International

Ke KeʻenaʻEpekema Ola Ola International

ʻO Julie Kelly

Kavin Senapathy / MAMMyths

Ketchum PR

ʻO US Farmers a me Ranchers Alliance

ʻO nā kumuwaiwai hou aku mai US Pono e ʻike

Ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia e US US haʻawina ʻepekema e US Right to Know 

Nā Pepa Monsanto: Pūnaewele palapala Roundup / Glyphosate 

Waihona waihona Dicamba

ʻO Roundup a me Dicamba Trial Tracker blog hōʻano hou 

Pepa ʻo Glyphosate: Nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i ka Pesticide i hoʻohana nui ʻia

Pepa ʻo Dicamba

Uhi kūkala nūhou ākea o Pono ʻo US e ʻike i nā hopena 

Inā makemake ʻoe i kā mākou hana, e ʻoluʻolu E hōʻike i kēia e kōkua iā mākou e hoʻohuli i ka wela ma nā noi a USRTK.

Nina Fedoroff: Ke hoʻoneʻe nei i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e hoʻihoʻi iā Monsanto

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Nā mea nui:

  • Ma ke ʻano he pelekikena a he luna luna o ka AAAS mai 2011-2013, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Dr. Fedoroff i nā pahuhopu kulana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia i kēia manawa no kahi ʻoihana lobbying.
  • ʻO nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike nei pehea e launa pū ai nā pilina lehulehu a me nā hana lobbying ma hope o nā hanana i waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa.
  • Paipai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i nā hui e alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me kā lākou pili ʻoihana.

ʻO Nina Fedoroff, PhD, kekahi o nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi nui e koi ana i ka hoʻolaha a me ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. He pelekikena ʻo ia o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka Holomua ʻEpekema (2011-2012) a me ka luna o ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS (2012-2013). He wahine ʻo ia aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe mai ka 2015 ma OFW Law, kahi hui lobbying nona nā mea kūʻai aku i hoʻopili pū Syngenta a me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology, kahi hui kālepa e pani ana iā Bayer (nona nona Monsanto), BASF, Corteva (kahi mahele o DowDuPont) a me Syngenta.

Mai ka 2007-2010, ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema a me ʻenehana aʻoaʻo i ke Kakauolelo o ka Mokuʻāina a me ka Luna Hoʻokele o USAID ma lalo o kā George W. Bush a me Obama mau hoʻomalu. Ma mua o kēlā, he wahine ʻo ia ka lālā o ka papa o ka Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, kahi hui kemika multinational a me biotech firm; a me kahi lālā lālā aʻoaʻo o Evogene, kahi hui biotechnology i hui pū me DuPont, Syngenta, ʻO Bayer a Monsanto. 

I ka makahiki 2017, ua hoʻolaha ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino Puke “ʻepekema junk” pili pū me ʻepekema ʻelua i pili me nā hui e hōʻole i ka ʻepekema a me ka lobby no nā huahana paka.

Ma ke ʻano he kākau ʻōlelo no Hillary State ʻO kā Clinton ʻepekema czar, "Ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he diplomat no ka"GMO i ke ala āpau"Ke kumu o ke kulekele ʻē aʻe o US, ua hōʻike ʻo Tom Philpott ma Grist i ka makahiki 2008 a me ka makahiki 2009. Ua hōʻike aku ʻo Pesticide Action Network o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa iā Dr. Fedoroff"maoli ka ʻelele US ”no ka hana ʻenekini. Wahi a Greenpeace, ʻo Kauka Fedoroff he "a kākoʻo ikaika no ka hoʻolaha honua o GM (hoʻololi kūlohelohe) i nā meaʻai i loko o kāna ʻoihana. "

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana a me ka luna hoʻomalu o AAAS, ka honua nui loa ka lehulehu ʻepekema multidisciplinary, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i kēlā mau kuleana e hāʻawi i ke kōkua politika i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai: ua hāʻawi ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o kona noho alakaʻi i kahi ʻōlelo no ka manawa kālaiʻāina e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i ka makahiki 2012; ʻoiai ka pelekikena o ka ʻepekema hui i 2011, ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hōʻemi i kahi noi US EPA e koi ʻia ana i kahi ʻike olakino a me ka palekana no nā mea kanu GMO, e like me nā leka uila i hōʻike ʻia ma lalo nei. ʻIke, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, AAAS a me ka keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻAʻole pane ʻo Kauka Fedoroff lāua ʻo AAAS i nā noi no ka pane.

ʻO nā pilina me nā ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni i mua o nā hui a me nā hana PR

Ua hoʻolauna a kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hōʻoia i nā hui e koi ana he leo kūʻokoʻa lākou no ka ʻepekema akā hana ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i nā ala e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka lehulehu - me nā hui ʻelua i kōkua iā Monsanto e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino nā ʻepekema nāna i lawelawe ma ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) panel panel i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha ma 2015.

ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kālā ʻia e nā hui kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā paka, wahi a pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko palapala kēlā pehea ka hui ʻana o ka hui i kāna ʻoihana i nā ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana. ʻO nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hana o ka ʻaha e hōʻike iā Monsanto ua ʻae e kālā iā ACSH i 2015, a ua noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana ka hōʻike IARC cancer ma glyphosate; ACSH ma hope koi ʻo ka hōʻike kanesa he "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni."     

Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kēia hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūpono i kahi 2017 Hanana ʻo Press Press Club e hoʻomaka i ka ACSH's "Little Black Book of Junk Science." ʻIke ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao o Dr. Fedoroff ma ka hanana paʻi he ʻelua ʻepekema i pili me nā hui hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a hale moe no nā huahana paka:

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa ma ka pūnaewele o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui e koi kūʻokoʻa ana akā nā hoapili me Monsanto ma PR a me nā papahana lobbying, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala i ka waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha ua papa inoa ʻo Monsanto i kēia hui ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" ua hoʻolālā e komo i kahi hoʻolālā e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka loiloi glyphosate a IARC i mea e "pale ai i ka inoa a me FTO o Roundup." ʻO ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kau ʻia ma mua o Nā huahana 200 loiloi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā hoʻouka kaua pilikino he nui i nā ʻepekema i pili i ka hōʻike glyphosate, e hoʻopiʻi nei iā lākou kipi, hoʻopunipuni, e moe ana, palaho, hūnā, a ke hoʻoulu ʻia e “waiwai a me ka lapuwale. ”??

i ka moʻo lanakila lanakila ma Le Monde e pili ana i kā Monsanto "hana e luku i ka UN cancer cancer agency e nā mea hiki ke hiki," ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻo Stéphane Foucart lāua ʻo Stéphane Horel i ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ACSH ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" a ʻōlelo ʻo GLP "hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana nā pesticides a me nā ʻoihana ʻenehana biotechnology. " Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo GLP ma 2011 e Jon Entine, nona kahi ʻoihana pili lehulehu ʻo ia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa.

Nā hōʻeha i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e papa inoa nei iā Dr. Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he "lālā papa":

Nānā Hou: Ua hoʻolauna ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka loiloi ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema hilinaʻi loa ma kahi ʻatikala 2012 ma ʻO nā kū i nā Genetics a me kahi ninaninau 2016 me ka Washington Examiner e pili ana ʻaihue journalism. Ua loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Review Academics ia hoʻonohonoho i kahi pūʻulu mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hōʻino i nā loiloi o ka ʻenekinia a me nā pesticides, ʻoiai ka hūnā ʻana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana. ʻO ka hui, kahi koi kūʻokoʻa akā ua kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, kaua aku i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he "scam marketing."

ʻO Camp Camp Boot Biotech: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā lālā kumu o kahi papahana Biotech Literacy "kahua hoʻomoana" i mālama ʻia ma UC Davis ma 2015. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e nā hui PR ʻelua, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā Hou a kālā malū ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai e "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻino o glyphosate," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Paul Thacker i Ka Holomua. Hoʻokomo ʻia nā mea kamaʻilio i ka papa inoa kamaʻāina o nā mea kōkua PR ʻoihana pū me ʻO Jay Byrne, ʻO Jon Entine, Bruce Chassy, ​​ʻO David Tribe, ʻO Hank Campbell o ACSH a me ka keynote by ʻo ka "Sci Babe."

AgBioWorld: I kāna 2012 Trends and Genetics Haawina, Paipai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld ma ke ʻano he "waiwai waiwai ʻē aʻe" e aʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. I ka 2002 'atikala ma ke Kahu, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka hui PR PR a Monsanto i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld a me nā moʻoʻōlelo pilipili hoʻopunipuni e hōʻino ai i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kaiapuni i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huaʻai GM. Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot:  

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o kāna hana ʻana, nā pūnaewele GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekini huli pūnaewele e loiloi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe nā mea kākoʻo (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. '

ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi aku ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele ʻo Wow ua "hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo" i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana i ka pāʻani kūpono. ' ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele i hoʻokumu ʻia e [ka pilikino pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni ʻo Mary] Smetacek i kāna hoʻouka kaua. "

Attack ma Greenpeace: Kauka Fedoroff haiolelo ma kahi hanana paʻi 2016 no kahi hui e kāhea iā ia iho "Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision, "E hōʻike ana i kahi leka i kau inoa ʻia e nā luna Nobel he 100 a ʻoi aku e hōʻino ana iā Greenpeace no ko lākou kūʻē ʻana iā GMO. ʻO nā mea kōkua ʻoihana Agrichemical kōkua i ke kaua, e like me ka Luna Hoʻokaʻaʻike mua a Monsanto ʻO Jay Byrne; ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua ʻO Val Giddings; a ʻO Matt Winkler, ka mea nāna i kālā i ka Pāhana PR papahana Pāhana Helu Pono a helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he ka lālā o ka papa me Kauka Fedoroff ma ka pūnaewele pūnaewele. ʻO ka mana .com o ke kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia he kūʻokoʻa "Kākoʻo Precision Agriculture" hoʻohuli ʻia i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic no nā makahiki (ua kuhi ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia i ka 2019). I loko o nā leka uila mai 2011, Ua ʻike ʻo Byrne iā Greenpeace ma ka papa inoa "target" e hoʻomohala nei no Monsanto me nā inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e hiki iā lākou ke kūʻē mai hope o ka uhi o kahi pūʻulu aʻo hana kālā-ʻoihana ua kūʻokoʻa kēlā.

Nā Hoa o GMO Nā Pane: ʻO Kauka Fedoroff kahi ke kūkā kūʻokoʻa no nā pane GMO, a Hoʻolālā PR hoʻolaha ʻia e Ketchum pili lehulehu, ia mea a moʻolelo o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu. ʻOiai ʻo Ketchum i koi i ka neʻe ʻana o nā pane GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency," ka hui nā pane scripted no ka loea "kūʻokoʻa" a ua helu ʻia i waena o nā "hoa hana" ma Hoʻolālā PR ʻo Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai. A Ua kuhikuhi ka ʻāpana "nā kumuwaiwai" (ʻaoʻao 4) i nā GMO Answers a me nā loulou ʻo Monsanto e kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate i mea make kino." I ka 2016, Kauka Fedoroff i kamaʻilio ʻia ma kahi panela i kākoʻo ʻia e GMO Answers, Scientific American a me ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e pili ana i ka uhi pāpaho o ka ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i nā mea hana nūhou hana Keith Kloor a ʻO Tamar Haspel. E nānā “Hele mai ka mīkini ʻenekini ʻo Monsanto i Wakinekona, ”Na Paul Thacker.

ʻO ka noiʻi kūʻē e wehe i ka pilina ʻoihana-kālaiʻike

I ka 2015, ua kākoʻo ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a me ʻelua mau pelekikena ʻo AAAS ma mua, ʻo Peter Raven lāua ʻo Phillip Sharp, i kā lāua alakaʻi alakaʻi AAAS, akā ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i kekahi o kā lākou ʻoihana pili, i kahi Kahu op-ed Ke kūʻē nei i kahi hoʻokolokolo a ka lehulehu e ʻimi nei e wehe i ka pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā hoʻonohonoho kālā ma waena o nā hui mahiʻai, kā lākou mau hui PR a me nā polopola i kākoʻo lehulehu ʻia ʻO ka ninaninau ʻia e US Right to Know wehe i kekahi o nā palapala nui i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

ʻOiai ua hoʻohui hope ke kahu a ʻike hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke keʻena lobby OFW Law, ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ʻO kā OFW Law mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa ʻo ia ka hui kālepa ʻoihana mahiʻai, nona nā ʻoihana lālā i mea nui o ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā pelekikena o ka AAAS mua i kā lākou op-ed i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e wehe ai i nā hakakā ʻoihana-kālaiʻike i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o ka hoihoi ʻo "ke kiʻi nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ka puke pāʻani Climategate" a ua pili i ka "ʻepekema hōʻole," nā hoʻopiʻi like i hana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana PR i wehewehe ʻia i kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka AAAS e holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻoihana mahiʻai

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana o ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika no ka holomua o ka ʻepekema (AAAS) mai 2011-2012 a ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka Papa Hoʻokele mai 2012-2013, ua hana pū ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai e holomua i nā pahuhopu nui: mālama i nā genetically ʻenekini ʻai ʻole ʻia nā inoa ʻole a lanakila i kahi noi e ka US Environmental Protection Agency e koi ʻia i nā ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni o nā mea hana ʻenekini i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like me nā pesticides.

Ua kōkua ʻo AAAS e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe koho balota e kūʻē i ka lepili o GMO

I ka 2012, ua lawe ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o ka noho aliʻi o Kauka Fedoroff i kahi hana maʻamau i ke kūlana politika hakakā i loko o ʻelua mau pule wale nō ma mua o ka hele ʻana o ka poʻe koho balota ma Kaleponi i nā balota e hoʻoholo ai i ka Proposition 37, kahi hana balota e kapa inoa ai i nā GMO. ʻO kahi loiloi i nā ʻōlelo politika he nui i hana ʻia e AAAS ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ka hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohuli i nā poʻe koho balota ma mua o ke koho balota mokuʻāina. (ʻAʻole pane ka AAAS a me Kauka Fedoroff i nā noi no ka manaʻo. Hoʻolaha pū kekahi: ua hana nā luna hui o USRTK i ka hoʻolaha pro-labeling.)

ʻO ka papa AAAS's olelo kūʻēʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. ʻO ia loaʻa hewahewa, e like me ka lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka AAAS, kekahi o lākou hōʻino i ka ʻōlelo anti-lepili ma ke ʻano he "paternalistic" hoʻouka kaua i nā pono o nā mea kūʻai aku i alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu ma o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka pōʻaiapili ʻepekema koʻikoʻi. Ua haʻi kahi waha ʻōlelo ʻo AAAS i kēlā manawa, ʻo Ginger Pinholster, i nā loiloi he "kūpono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ua haʻi ʻo ia i kahi mea hōʻike Aia ʻo ia i loko o ka lumi i ka wā i hala ai ka papa i ka ʻōlelo: “ʻAʻole mākou he hui kākoʻo. Hana mākou i kā mākou mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā hōʻike ʻepekema, "wahi a Pinholster. "Hiki iaʻu ke haʻi iā ʻoe ʻaʻole ka hana a kā mākou ʻōlelo a i hoʻohuli ʻia e kekahi hui waho."

Ua hoʻomaopopo kekahi o nā mea nānā i ka like o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e ka AAAS a me ka hoʻouka kālā-ʻoihana e hoʻokahuli i ka Proposition 37. “Kūleʻa paha kahi hui ʻepekema nui no Monsanto?”Ua nīnau ʻo Michele Simon i loko o Grist. Ua wehewehe ʻo Simona i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa e like me "ʻaʻole ʻepekema akā kūpono loa," a ua ʻike ʻia ka hele pū me ka hoʻokuʻu paʻi a AAAS i loaʻa nā "kuhi kamaʻilio" i kūlike ʻole me No ma 37 puke paio.

"ʻO ka ʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ka maopopo he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema"

i ka 2013 leka i ka makasina ʻEpekema, ua hōʻike kekahi hui ʻepekema he 11 i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa AAAS e pili ana i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua kākau lākou, "hopohopo mākou i ke kūlana o AAA e hōʻike nei i kahi ala maikaʻi ʻole e pili i ka kamaʻilio ʻana i ka ʻepekema.  ʻo ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ke aniani moakaka he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema. ” 

He kākoʻo mua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff no ka ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia ma No ma 37, nāna i helu iā ia ma kāna pūnaewele i ka mahina ʻo Iune 2012 ʻo ia kekahi o ʻepekema ʻehā e kū ana i ke "kaiāulu ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu" i kūʻē i ka lepili GMO. Ma hope ua noi ka huakaʻi iā Kauka Fedoroff e kōkua i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā mea ʻoihana i kā lākou kumu, āna i hana ai e like me ʻOkakopa 1, 2012 leka uila iā Meghan Callahan o BCF Public Affairs, "Ua hoʻouna wau i kāu [noi no nā mea kākoʻo kālaiʻike] i kahi hui honua o ka biotechnology e kākoʻo ana i nā kālaiʻike. Manaʻo wau e lohe ana ʻoe mai nā kihi o ka honua, "kākau ʻo Kauka Fedoroff.

Kōkua i ka make ʻana i ka ʻikepili no nā mea kanu pesticide

I ka 2011 ʻoiai ke pelekikena ʻo AAAS, ua hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kahi lobbyist ʻoihana e kāpae i ka US Environmental Protection Agency mai ke koi ʻana i nā ʻoihana e hāʻawi i ka ʻikepili hou aku no ke olakino a me nā palekana no nā mea i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineised e like me nā pesticides, e like me nā leka uila. i ho'ākāka ʻia ma lalo.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka noi EPA mai kahi kūkā kūkā ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻEPA e pili ana nā ala e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ka hiki i ka ʻoihana ke hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻolālā ʻenekene e hana a i ʻole loaʻa nā pesticides, ka mea a EPA i kuhikuhi ai ʻo "nā mea pale i hoʻohui ʻia i nā mea kanu" (PIPs). Ua noi ʻia nā lālā o ka paneli e loiloi i nā koi ʻikepili EPA o kēia manawa a noi ʻia no nā PIP ma nā ʻano aʻe: 

  • ʻIkepili e nānā i nā like like ma waena o nā PIP a me nā mea āpau, nā mea ʻino, nā anti-nutrient a me nā proteins weliweli ʻē aʻe; 
  • nā hoʻāʻo ʻana no nā hopena synergistic ma ke olakino a me nā meaola ʻole pahuhopu, ke hui ʻia ʻelua a ʻoi paha mau hiʻohiʻona GMO (stacked trait GMO);
  • nā hopena e hiki ke hopena i nā lāhui microbial i nā kaiaolaola o ka lepo; a 
  • nā ʻikepili e kamaʻilio maikaʻi ai i nā hopena o ke kahe gen. 

Wahi a nā memo mai kahi hālāwai EPA o ʻOkakopa 2009, ʻo nā lula i hāpai ʻia e "kālele ka hapanui i nā koi ʻikepili e kū nei e pili ana i kēlā me kēia manawa," a e hoʻopuni ʻia i ʻelima mau ʻikepili a me ka ʻike: ke ʻano o ka huahana, ke olakino kanaka, nā hopena kūʻē ʻole, ka hopena o ke kaiapuni a me ke kūʻē ʻana. hoʻokele. Epa kūkala i nā lula i hāpai ʻia i ka Federal Register ma Malaki 2011.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know ma o nā moʻohelu lehulehu e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻākoakoa ʻana o nā ʻohana āpau e kāpae i ka noi.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā kamaʻilio ma waena o Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi i kēlā manawa, ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto a me nā ʻelele ʻē aʻe e kūkākūkā ana i nā hana a me nā hālāwai e pili ana iā Dr. Fedoroff. Ua wehewehe ʻo Chassy iā ia iho i nā leka uila (palapala 66) ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻopili i waena o ka ʻoihana a me ka ʻepekema i ka hana e kūʻē i nā koina ʻikepili EPA. Ua nīnau ʻia i loko o kāna mau leka uila iā Sachs he mau nīnau e pili ana inā ua hoʻouna ʻo Monsanto i kahi kikoʻī i ke Kulanui o ʻIlioka Foundation no ke kākoʻo ʻana i kā Chassy "hana hoʻolaha biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo." (No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i loaʻa iā Chassy mai Monsanto no nā makahiki i kona hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology, e ʻike. e hōʻike nei na Monica Eng ma WBEZ a nā leka uila i kau ʻia e ka New York Times.)

Ma Iulai 5, ʻo Kauka Chassy leka uila iā Eric Sachs o Monsanto e hōʻike ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i leka iā EPA ma luna o kāna pūlima pūlima ʻia e 60 mau lālā o ka National Academy of Science. "Ua lālau maoli ʻo Nina i ka kinipōpō a neʻe i lalo i ke kahua," i kākau ai ʻo Chassy. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke noi a EPA ma ke ʻano he "moku nahā."

Hōʻike nā leka uila ma ʻAukake 19, nā ʻelele hui kālepa ʻoihana pūʻiwa a hauʻoli hoʻi (ʻaoʻao 19) e ʻike i kahi New York Times op-ed mai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā lula no ka ʻenekinia genetika; "Na wai i hoʻokau i kā Nina op?" Ua noi ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO iā Dr. Chassy a me ʻelua mau ʻohana ʻē aʻe ʻelua. ʻO Henry Miller a ʻO Val Giddings. Pane akula ʻo Chassy: 

Ua hoʻouna ʻo Massey iā Kauka Chassy ka leka BIO i hoʻouna ʻia i ka EPA "me ka manaʻolana e kūkulu ma luna o ka leka a nā ʻāpana a me kahi pōkole pōkole no ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka pane o ka EPA i kēlā leka." ʻAʻole i kūleʻa kā lākou hana e like me kā lākou i manaʻo ai. MaʻAukake 24, Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs (ʻaoʻao 14) ua loaʻa iā Kauka Fedoroff "kahi pane mai ka EPA he ʻōlelo hōʻino ia." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā hoʻolālā e hoʻopaʻa i ke kaomi.

 

I Kepakemapa, Chassy hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea kūkā kamaʻilio me Fedoroff, ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO a me kā lākou lobbyist ʻo Stanley Abramson, me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe. Wahi a Chassy's nā memo mai ke kāhea ʻana, "Ke loaʻa nei i kahi ala e hōʻoia ai i ka noi EPA ʻaʻole ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā ʻo ia ka hopena maikaʻi loa i hiki iā mākou ke manaʻolana. ʻO ka mea ʻoi loa e hōʻoia ʻo DOA ia, akā inā pono e pono mākou e hoʻomau i ka hakakā. " 

Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia i ka pilikia, "ʻAʻole manaʻo ka EPA e hiki i ke kaiāulu kālaiʻike ke kau i ka kūʻē kūʻē i kā lākou hana ʻana i ka rula. manaʻo lākou he hapa liʻiliʻi wale nō ma hope o ka palapala noi a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kau inoa ʻaʻole paʻa i ka pilikia. " Ua hoʻoholo ka hui e pono lākou e "kūkulu i kumu o nā ʻepekema alakaʻi e makemake maoli nei e ʻōlelo a hāʻawi i ka manawa i kēia pilikia." 

Ma ʻOkakopa, ua lana ka manaʻolana o ka hui. Chassy leka uila iā Sachs e hōʻike e pili ana i kahi hālāwai "kahaha kupaianaha" ʻo ia a me Dr. Fedoroff i hele pū me Steve Bradbury o EPA. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hui e Massey a me ka lobbyist ʻo Abramson. ʻO ka noi a EPA e koi i ka ʻikepili no GMO PIP ʻaʻole i ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā, e like me kā Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻepekema ma Consumers Union, i komo pū i nā hālāwai lehulehu me ka ʻākena.

Nā kaulahao leka uila piha, ma o ka Hale Waihona Palapala ʻĀina ʻo UCSF: 

Pili hōʻike  

"Ua pāpā ʻia au mai kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou Nobel Laureate Press e kahi mea kūkākūkā PR me Monsanto Ties, "Na Tim Schwab, Nānā Mea ʻai & Wai (2016) 

"Nā Puppetmasters o Academia, "Na Jonathan Latham, PhD, Independent Science News (2015)

"20 mau makahiki ma hope mai: ke hele nei ke koa brotade biotech, ”Pūnaewele Hana Pesticide (2012) 

"ʻO wai ka hana 'enekinia no wai? " na Marcia Ishii-Eitemann, PhD, ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Pesticide Action Network North America (2011) 

"E kala mai, NY Times: ʻaʻole e hoʻopakele nā ​​GMO i ka honua, ”Na Anna Lappe, Grist (2011) 

"I loko o ia mea e hele ai au i ka manamana wāwae me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a H. Clinton ma luna o GMO, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2009) 

"Palapala Hoʻololi Hoʻololi Genetically: US Kulekele ʻĀina GMO Ma Ke Ala āpau, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2008)

ʻO kā Geoffrey Kabat mau pilina me ka paka a me nā hui ʻenehana

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ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, PhD, he epidemiologist maʻi ʻaʻai a mea kākau o ʻelua puke ke hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei i kēlā mau pilikia olakino o nā pesticides, nā māla electromagnetic, ka uahi paka paka a me nā hōʻike ākea ʻē aʻe he "hoʻokahakaha nui loa. ” Ua ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ʻo ia ma ka nūpepa ma ke ʻano he loea kūʻokoʻa i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. ʻO nā mea hōʻike e hoʻohana iā Kauka Kabat ma ke ʻano he kumu pono e makaʻala (a hōʻike) i kona pili lōʻihi i ka ʻoihana paka a me ke komo pū ʻana me nā hui e hui pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma PR a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

Alakaʻi pūʻulu mua a me kākāʻōlelo

He lālā ʻo Kauka Kabat i ka luna papa o ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema, ka hui makua o ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi e hana nei ma hope o nā hanana me Monsanto e paipai a pale i nā huahana mahiʻai. ʻO Kauka Kabat kekahi lālā o ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui i loaʻa kālā mai nā hui kemika, paka a me nā mea lapaʻau.

Ua launa pū ʻia ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project a me ACSH me Monsanto ma kahi pāʻina pili lehulehu e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) no kāna hōʻike i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup herbicide, he carcinogen kanaka paha ia. Wahi a nā palapala i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana:

  • ʻO kahi hoʻolālā PR Monsanto (Pepeluali 2015) i kapa ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" Ua hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e hana i kāna mau hana e "hoʻokau i ka hopena" o ka hōʻike IARC. ʻO nā pahuhopu o kā Monsanto hoʻolālā e "pale i ka kaulana a me ka FTO o Roundup" a me ka "hāʻawi i ka uhi no nā ʻoihana hoʻoponopono ..." Ua kau ʻo GLP ma mua o 200 mau ʻatikala e pili ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai.
  • Nā leka uila mai Pepeluali 2015 e hōʻike i ke kālā a Monsanto iā ACSH i kahi manawa hoʻomau a hiki i ka hāʻawi ʻana iā ACSH i ka "piha piha" o ka ʻike ʻo Monsanto e pili ana i ka hōʻike IARC ma glyphosate. Ma nā leka uila, ua kūkākūkā nā limahana o Monsanto i ka pono o nā mea a ACSH e pili ana i nā pesticides, a ua kākau kekahi, "ʻAʻole ʻoe e loaʻa i kahi waiwai maikaʻi aʻe no kāu DOLLAR ma mua o ACSH." (Kākoʻo ma ke kumu)
  • Ua haʻi aku nā limahana o ka ACSH iā Monsanto ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate ma kā lākou radar, a ua ʻōlelo ʻia, "Aia mākou i loko o kahi pā kaomi piha piha: IARC, e pili ana i nā ag-chemicals, DINP [phthalate] a me nā pauahi diesel."

Ua hoʻohana kēia mau pūʻulu i nā leka like e hoʻouka i ka poʻe noiʻi maʻi maʻi ʻo IARC ma ke ʻano he "hoʻopunipuni ʻepekema"A me"enviros anti-kemika"ʻO wai i" wahaheʻe "a me"kipi e kuhi hewa”Ka ʻepekema ma glyphosate. Ua ʻōlelo lākou iā Kauka Kabat ma ke ʻano he kumu kumu no nā koi e "hoʻowahāwahā ʻia" ʻo IARC a me "nā enviro-fanatics wale nō"E hoʻolohe i nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka makaʻu maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Kabat "aia nō ʻaʻohe aʻo hou hiki iā mākou ke hana e hōʻike i ka palekana o ka glyphosate, ”ma muli o ka ninaninau me kahi loea inoa inoa ʻole.

Ke hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai

ʻO kekahi hiʻohiʻona e pili ana i ke kōkua ʻana o Kauka Kabat i nā hui e pili ana iā Monsanto i kāna mau hana e hōʻino i kahi hui ʻepekema ʻē aʻe i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pili ana i ka glyphosate i ka Pepeluali 2019. kālailai-meta. ʻO ka meta-analysis, i kākau ʻia e ʻekolu mau ʻepekema i kī ʻia e EPA e lawelawe i ke kōmike aʻoaʻo ʻepekema loea ma glyphosate, i hōʻike ʻia e pili ana i nā "pilina koʻikoʻi" ma waena o nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā gicphosate-based herbicides a me ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka makaʻu o ka lymphoma non Hodgkin.

Ua kāwili ʻo Kauka Kabat i ka hoʻopukapuka i kahi ʻatikala i paʻi mua ʻia ma Forbes akā ma hope weheʻia ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā hoʻopiʻi a nā luna hoʻoponopono Forbes e pili ana i ka hōʻike ʻole o Kabat e pili ana i kāna pili iā ACSH. I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i ka pilikia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Forbes ua huki ʻia ka ʻatikala no ka mea ua haki ia i nā kūlana ʻo Forbes a ʻaʻole ʻo Kabat e lilo i mea kōkua iā Forbes.

ʻO Kauka Kabat's holoi ʻia Forbes ʻatikala hiki ke lilo heluhelu ma Science 2.0, a pūnaewele i holo ʻia e ka luna mua o ACSH, a ʻike ʻia kahi mana ma Genetic Literacy Project. Ua hoʻolaha ʻo GLP Executive Director Jon Entine i ka ʻatikala a Kauka Kabat me nā manaʻo e hana paha nā ʻepekema “hoʻopunipuni hoʻāʻo. "

 
ʻO tweet ʻo Jon EntineHoʻopili pū ʻia ʻo Entine me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino. I ka 2011, ʻoiai ʻo ia loaʻa kālā mai Syngenta, ACSH paʻi ʻia ka puke a Entine pale aku i ka atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta.

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana o ka ʻoihana ma IARC, e ʻike:

ʻO kā Kauka Kabat mau pilina paʻa loa

Ua paʻi ʻo Kauka Kabat i mau pepa i makemake nui ʻia i ka ʻoihana paka i uku kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana paka. ʻO ia a me kāna mea kākau i kekahi o kēlā mau pepa, ʻo James Enstrom (he kahu waiwai o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika o ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino), pili lōʻihi i ka ʻoihana paka, e like me ka pepa 2005 ma ka BMJ Kāohi Paka.

I kahi 2003 i ʻōlelo nui ʻia pepa i ka BMJ, ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kabat a me Enstrom ʻaʻole e hoʻonui ka uahi lua i ka makaʻu o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai. Ua kākoʻo ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma kahi ʻāpana e ka Center for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), kahi hui ʻoihana paka. ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻia kēlā kālā, kahi loiloi ukali ma BMJ Pākaʻi Paka ua hōʻike aku i nā hoʻolaha i hāʻawi ʻia e Kabat a me Enstrom, ʻoiai ua kūleʻa lāua i nā kūlana o ka puke pai, “ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka mea heluhelu i ke kiʻi piha o ka pili ʻana o ka ʻoihana paka me nā mea kākau noiʻi. Hōʻike nā palapala ʻoihana paka i ka lōʻihi o ke kū kālā o nā mea kākau a me nā pilina hana ʻē aʻe me ka ʻoihana paka. " 

Ua kūʻē ʻo Enstrom i kēia mau koi ma a ʻO ka ʻatikala 2007 ma Epidemiological Perspectives a me ka Innovation, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei i kāna kālā a me nā hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū i mōakāka a wehewehe pono ʻia i ka pepa 2003 BMJ, a ʻaʻole pili ka kālā ʻoihana paka i kāna noiʻi. "I kēia lā, ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia kahi kūpono ʻole, bias a haʻalele paha i ke kaʻina loiloi a ʻaʻohe hewa i nā hopena i ʻike ʻia i loko o ka pepa," wahi a Enstrom. ʻAʻole pāpā ʻia ke Kulanui o Kaleponi i ke kālā ʻoihana paka i nā kānaka noiʻi akā hana i kēia manawa pāpā i nā mea noiʻi mai ka noi kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana paka.

ʻO nā pilina kālā i ka ʻoihana paka i hōʻike ʻia i loko o ka pepa kālele BMJ ʻO ka paka: 

Source: https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/14/2/118

I ka 2019, kahi hulina no ʻO Geoffrey Kabat ma ka Palapala ʻOihana Uikeke UCSF lawe mai i 800 mau palapala, me a ʻO ka invoice 2007 iā Phillip Morris no ma kahi o $ 20,000 no "ke kūkākūkā ʻana i nā hopena olakino o nā uahi paka hakahaka" i hōʻaiʻē ʻia ma $ 350 i hoʻokahi hola.

Ma 2008, ua paʻi ʻo Kabat lāua ʻo Enstrom a pepa i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Phillip Morris e hōʻike ana ua hōʻike ʻia nā loiloi mua i ka ikaika o ka hui ma waena o ka uahi paka a me nā maʻi puʻuwau coronary.

I ka 2012, ua kākau pū ʻo Kauka Kabat a pepa ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā kūpaka mentholated ʻaʻole ia he mea kōkua nui i ka maʻi ʻaʻai esophageal. No kēlā pepa, ua hoʻolaha ʻo Kauka Kabat ua "lawelawe ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā i kahi loio loio a me kahi ʻaha kūkā kūkā nūhou e pili ana i nā hopena olakino o nā kūpaka menthol."

No ka ʻike hou aku mai ka US Right to Know e pili ana i nā hui i mua a me nā kālaiʻike me nā pili i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea kemika, e ʻike i kā mākou ʻOihana Pesticide ʻoihana Propaganda Tracker.

ʻO Jay Byrne: E hālāwai me ke kāne ma hope o ka mīkini Monsanto PR

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ʻO ka Luna Hoʻokele mua o Monsanto o ka ʻOihana Kōlepa ʻo Jay Byrne, pelekikena o ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu v-Kaaha, he mea hoʻokani kī i ka hūnā hoʻolaha a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying o nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know, kau ʻia ma ka UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Archive, hōʻike i ke ʻano o nā hana hoʻopunipuni a Byrne a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana nei e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides GMO.

Hōʻike nā hiʻohiʻona ma aneʻi i kekahi o nā ala e neʻe nei nā ʻoihana i kā lākou leka uila i ke kahua ākea mai hope o ka uhi o nā hui kū leo kūpaʻa ʻole, nā mea kōkua aupuni a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa i kā lākou hana pū ʻana me nā ʻoihana a i kā lākou mau kākāʻōlelo PR.

Nā mea kūʻai aku: ʻoihana kiʻekiʻe, mahiʻai a me nā ʻoihana lāʻau 

Na Byrne's papa inoa mea kūʻai aku ua hui pū me kahi laulā o ka agribusiness nui a me nā ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā hui ʻoihana, e like me ka American Chemistry Council, Syngenta, AstraZeneca, Monsanto, Pfizer, ka American Farm Bureau, National Corn Growers Association, Grocery Manufacturers Association, Rohm & Haas a me ka pesticide ʻoihana. hui kālepa CropLife.

ʻO ka International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), ka mea e hoʻolaha ana i ka genetically engineered "Golden Rice," he mea kūʻai aku kekahi. ʻO Byrne ua hoʻokani i ka hana PR e hoʻouka iā Greenpeace a me nā mea hoʻohewa ʻē aʻe o ka laiki GMO. E ʻike pū i ka waihona puke ʻoihana ʻoihana UCSF no nā mea he nui nā palapala e pili ana iā IRRI.

ʻO ka hui mua mua i kālua ʻia e hoʻouka aku i nā loiloi Monsanto

ʻO kahi papahana nui o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ka Hōʻikeʻia ka New York Times, ʻo ia ke kau i nā polopeka "pāpale keʻokeʻo" e hakakā i ka PR o ka ʻoihana a me nā hakakā lobbying ma hope o ka uhi o ka "gloss o ke kūlike ʻole a me ke kaupaona o ka mana i hele mai me ka moʻokūʻauhau a kahi polofesa."

I Malaki 2010, ʻo Byrne a me ke Kulanui o ʻInikia Polofesa Bruce Chassy ua kūkākūkā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo "Academics Review" i hiki ke ʻumeʻume i nā makana mai nā ʻoihana ʻoiai ke kūʻokoʻa nei. Ua hoʻohālikelike ʻo Byrne i ka manaʻo i ka Center for Consumer Freedom (kahi hui i mua e holo ʻia e ka mea kaulana ʻole ʻo propaganda kanaka ʻo Rick Berman), ka mea "i hoʻolilo kālā i kēia i ka loa; a manaʻo wau he manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe kā kāua. " Ua wehewehe ʻo Byrne i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" me nā pahuhopu "hiki iā lākou ke hele ma hope. Ua kākau ʻo Byrne iā Kauka Chassy:

ʻO kēlā mau hui āpau, nā poʻe a me nā kumuhana kumuhana "ke ʻano o ke kālā no ke ʻano o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi," i kākau ai ʻo Byrne. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia a ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, he pelekikena hope ma mua no ka hui ʻoihana biotech BIO, hiki ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" no nā kālaiʻike.

Ma November 2010, Ua kākau ʻo Byrne iā Chassy Eia hou, "He mea maikaʻi ia e kiʻi i ka pae hou o ka hana ma Academics Review e hele nei - loaʻa iā mākou kahi lohi o ka hapaha mua e piʻi mai ana i ka 2011 inā mau ka ʻoihana." Hāʻawi ʻo Byrne e “hoʻonohonoho i kekahi manawa no ka huli ʻana o ka ʻenekini pro bono” no kāna hui e kūʻē i ka mana o ka mea loiloi GMO ma ka pūnaewele. Ua hoʻopau ʻo Byrne i ka leka uila, "E like me nā manawa mau, makemake e ʻike i ke kumuhana aʻe (a me ke kākoʻo) e hoʻonui i kēia hiki ke hiki."

I ka 2014, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka loiloi Academics a hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he kālepa hoʻopunipuni; i loko o kāna mau mea kūʻai aku ponoʻī no ka hōʻike, ua koi ʻo Academics Review e kūʻokoʻa a ʻaʻole i hōʻike i kāna kālā ʻoihana mahiʻai.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

"Nā papahana US-GLP-Byrne US" e hoʻohuli i nā mea nūpepa

ʻO kā Byrne lobbying a me nā hana PR no ka GMO a me ka ʻoihana pesticide e hoʻopili i nā helu he nui me ka hana o ʻO Jon Entine, kahi kī ʻē aʻe i nā hana pale pale ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo Entine i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project, i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 2011 i ka wā a Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku o kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. (ʻO Entine's PR firm ESG MediaMetrics i papa inoa ʻia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku ma kāna pūnaewele ma 2010, 2011, 2012 a hiki i Ianuali 2013, e like me nā waihona pūnaewele i loaʻa ma ka pūnaewele.)

I Dekemaba 2013, Ua kākau ʻo Entine iā Max T. Holtzman, ʻo ia ka mea i lilo i hope ma lalo o ka ʻaoʻao ma lalo o ka US Department of Agriculture, e noi e hana pū i kahi moʻo o nā mea āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "US government-GLP-Byrne project" e paipai iā GMOs. Ua kākau ʻo Entine iā Holtzman:

Noi a Entine i noi ʻiaʻO ke aupuni US-GLP-Byrne"I loko o nā papahana he" Boot Camp and Response Swat Team "e hoʻomākaukau i nā kānaka ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu no ka" hiki ʻana i ka ʻahaʻōlelo ma ka lepili ʻana i ka [GMO] a me nā pilikia e pili pū ana, "kahi" conclave journalism "e hoʻoikaika i ka pāpāho e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai a" hāʻawi i ke aʻo i ka poʻe nūpepa ʻōpio, "kahi hoʻolaha hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ākea e hoʻolaha i ka ʻae ʻana i ka biotechnology, a me nā ʻikepili pūnaewele lehulehu a me nā wahi mai nā kumuwaiwai hilinaʻi" e hoʻoikaika ana i nā poʻomanaʻo "me nā ʻāpana a me nā kiʻi i loaʻa ma nā pūnaewele aupuni o US, GLP a me nā anuu ʻē aʻe."

Pane maila ʻo Holtzman, “Mahalo iā Jon. Nui ka hui pū ʻana me ʻoe. Manaʻo wau e hāʻawi ana kāu outline ma lalo i nā kiko kuʻina maoli kahi e hoʻohana pono ai ka leka uila usda / USG a me kāu mau hoʻoikaika ʻana. Makemake wau e hana hou a hoʻopili i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe ma usda ʻaʻole wale mai nā wahi loea / kālepa akā mai kā mākou hale kūʻai kamaʻilio pū kekahi. "

Kākoʻo kālā ʻia ka poʻe ʻauhau, nā wikiō kaulike a Monsanto e hāpai i nā GMO

Kākoʻo ʻia kahi pūʻulu ʻauhau ʻauhau Videos i hana ʻia ma 2012 e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically i kekahi kumu hoʻohālikelike ʻē aʻe e pili ana i ke kāohi ʻana o ka poʻe ʻenehana a me nā kula i ka leka uila. Ua kōkua ʻo Byrne's PR firm v-Fluence i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā wikiō i "hoʻolālā ʻia e hōʻike ʻia i kahi waihona haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa a me ka amateurish," e like me ka leka uila mai ke Kulanui o ʻInikia ʻo Professor Bruce Chassy.

ʻO Kauka Chassy Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā limahana o Monsanto ma ka lā 27 ʻApelila 2012:

Ua pane ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs:

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Sachs e kōkua me ka leka ʻana i nā wikiō e hiki mai ana ma o ka kaʻana like ʻana i nā hopena o nā hoʻokolohua pūʻulu e kia ana. Ua kono ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Sachs e hāʻawi i nā manaʻo no nā kumuhana wikiō e hiki mai ana a noi iā ia e hoʻouna pū i nā hopena o ka hui o Monsanto.

E hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides

Ma 2014 a me 2015, ua kōkua ʻo Byrne iā Jon Entine e hoʻonohonoho i ka Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project kālā ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai a hui pū ʻia e nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana, ʻO ka Entine's Genetic Literacy Project a ʻO kā Bruce Chassy hōʻike loiloi. Ua kuhi hewa nā mea hoʻonohonoho i ka waihona kālā no nā hanana e like me ka mea i loaʻa mai i ka huikau o nā kumu kula, aupuni a me nā ʻoihana, akā ʻo ka ʻo ke kumu waiwai o ke kālā wale nō i hiki ke huli ʻia, e like me ka hōʻike a Paul Thacker. ʻO ke kumu o nā kahua hoʻomoana, ʻo Thacker ka mea i hōʻike ʻia, "e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa no GMOs a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate."

ʻO Byrne ma ka hui hoʻonohonoho, me Cami Ryan (e hana nei no Monsanto) a me Bruce Chassy (ke loaʻa nei kālā mai Monsanto ʻaʻole i hōʻike ākea ʻia), e like me nā leka uila mai Hoʻohui a Ryan.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Bonus Eventus: ke keʻena o ka pāhana pāʻina kaiāulu o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

Hāʻawi kahi lawelawe nui a Byrne i nā hana hoʻoholomua ahupuaʻa ʻo kāna "Bonus Eventus kaiāulu" e hoʻolako i nā mea kālaiʻike a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe me nā wahi kamaʻilio a me nā manawa hoʻolaha. Kūloko palapala (ʻaoʻao 9) e wehewehe iā Bonus Eventus ma ke ʻano he "portal pūnaewele pilikino pilikino e lawelawe ana ma ke ʻano he kamaʻilio kamaʻilio no nā ʻepekema noʻonoʻo i ka mahiʻai, nā mea hana kulekele a me nā mea kuleana ʻē aʻe." Loaʻa i nā lālā nā nūpepa ʻo Byrne, a me ke komo ʻana i kāna waihona waihona kūmole o nā kumuhana agribusiness, "database stakeholder" o nā poʻe koʻikoʻi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO, a me nā hoʻomaʻamaʻa a me ke kākoʻo no ka hana kaiaulu.

Hiki ke loaʻa nā laʻana o ka nūpepa i kēia ahu hoʻokoe o nā leka uila mai Byrne a Peter Phillips, he Kulanui o Saskatchewan polopeka ʻo ia hoʻohewa ʻia e nā hoa hana no kona pili pili iā Monsanto. Ma ka nūpepa Nov. 7, 2016, ua koi aku ʻo Byrne iā Phillips a me nā mea loaʻa ʻē aʻe e kaʻana like i nā ʻike e pili ana i nā "hemahema a me nā haʻalele" i loko o kahi New York Times moʻolelo ka mea i hōʻike e pili ana i ka maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea kanu GMO e hoʻonui i nā hua a hoʻemi i nā pesticides, a me nā nīnau e piʻi ana i mua i kahi hui ʻepekema o nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai nāna i hōʻike he glyphosate kahi kino kanaka kino paha - kākau leka e kūlike me ka PR PR a Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai. (E nānā pū i kā mākou pepa pono ma Peter Phillip's 'ōlelo huna "kuleana ʻike"

Ua koi aku ʻo Byrne i ke kaiāulu Bonus Eventus e kaʻana i ka ʻike ma kēia mau kumuhana mai nā mea kākau i pili i ka ʻoihana, e like me ʻO Julie Kelly, ʻO Kauka Henry Miller, Kavin Senapathy, ʻO Sci Babe a Lākana Hank o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui ʻo Monsanto ka uku ʻana e kōkua i ka hōʻino nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai. I ka 2017, ua holoi ʻo Forbes i nā ʻatikala he nui e Dr. Miller - me nā mea i kākau pū ʻia me ia Kelly, Senapathy a ʻO Byrne - ma hope o ka Hōʻikeʻia ka New York Times ua hoʻopuka ʻo Kauka Miller i kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i kākau ʻia e Ghostanto.

ʻO Gatekeeper no ka hoʻouka kaua ma Greenpeace

I ka wā i kāhea aku ai kahi hui laureates Nobel iā Greenpeace e hoʻōki i ke kūʻē ʻana i ka raiki ʻenekini, ua like ia me kahi hana kūʻokoʻa. Akā ma hope o ka pale o nā ʻike kupaianaha nā lima kōkua o ʻelua mau mea pāʻani nui i ka lobby PR ʻoihana mahiʻai: ʻo Jay Byrne a he lālā o ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project. ʻO Byrne kau ʻia ma ka puka ma kahi hanana ʻo 2016 Press Press Club e hoʻolaha ana i kahi hui i kapa ʻia Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision. ʻO ka mana .com o kēlā pūnaewele i hoʻohuli ʻia i mau makahiki i ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua e holo nei me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka hōʻike ʻole i kēlā mau pilina. 

No laila ʻo wai i uku no ka hanana paʻi anti-Greenpeace? ʻO Sir Richard Roberts, kahi meaolaola nāna i ʻōlelo ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo ia i kahi leka laureate Nobel, ua wehewehe i ka backstory i kahi FAQ ma ka pūnaewele: ʻo ka "hoʻouka kaua he pipiʻi loa ia," i kākau ʻo ia, ʻo ia ka hapa nui o kāna uku i uku ʻia e kāna haku ʻo New England Biolabs a me "nā lilo o waho o ka ʻeke" i uku ʻia e Matt Winkler. ʻO Winkler, ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna o ka hui biotech ʻo Asuragen, he mea leʻaleʻa hoʻi ia ka lālā o ka papa o Genetic Literacy Project, e like me ka pūnaewele o ka hui. Ua wehewehe ʻo Roberts ua ʻimi ʻo Winkler i kahi hoa, ʻo Val Giddings, "(ka ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua) nāna "i ʻōlelo iā Jay Byrne" (ka luna kamaʻilio mua o Monsanto) nāna i hāʻawi i ke kākoʻo loiloi pro bono no ka hanana paʻi.

Ua kōkua pū ʻo Byrne lāua ʻo Giddings i ka orchestrate i ka loiloi ʻia e ka Academics Review, kahi hui mua a lākou i hoʻonohonoho ai e kūʻokoʻa i ka lawelawe ʻana ma ke ʻano he kaʻa e ʻumeʻume kālā kālā no ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā loiloi o nā huahana ag-biotech. nā leka uila i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. I nā leka uila, ua kapa ʻia ʻo Byrne i kapa ʻia ʻo Greenpeace ma ka ʻO ka papa inoa "target" āna e hōʻuluʻulu nei no Monsanto. ʻO kekahi o Byrne's nā mea mālama mai ʻo ia ka International Rice Research Institute, ka hui ʻoihana nui e hoʻāʻo nei e kālepa aku iā GMO Golden Rice, ʻo ia ka mea nui o ka faitio Greenpeace. Ua loaʻa i ka noiʻi a Glenn Davis Stone o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona ma St. nā haʻawina haʻahaʻa a me nā pilikia ʻenehana ua paʻa i ka Rice Gula, ʻaʻole ke kūʻē mai nā hui kaiapuni.

I loko o kāna FAQ, ua kāpae ʻo Kauka Roberts i kā Dr. Stone ʻimi noiʻi kūʻokoʻa ʻana ma ke ʻano he "ʻaʻole he hōʻike pololei no ka mokuʻāina o nā hihia," a kuhikuhi ʻo ia i nā kumuwaiwai PR e pili ana i ka ʻoihana e kamaʻāina i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka nūpepa Bonus Eventus o Byrne. ʻO Julie Kelly, ʻO Henry Miller a Nānā ʻImi. Ua hana ʻia ka hanana paʻi ma kahi manawa politika koʻikoʻi, a ua kōkua i kahi kōkua moʻolelo i ka Wakinekona Post, hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka koho ʻana o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e pāpā i nā mokuʻāina mai ka lepili ʻana i nā GMO.

I Ianuali 2019, ua hoʻohuli ʻia ka mana .com o ke kākoʻo Precision Agriculture i ka Genetic Literacy Project. I loko o kāna FAQ, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Roberts ʻaʻohe ona pilina me GLP a ʻōlelo ʻo ia "he kanaka ʻike ʻole ʻia" i kūʻai i ka inoa like i loko o kahi "hoʻāʻo maopopo" e hoʻopili iā ia iā GLP. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia he laʻana kēia "ʻo nā hana hoʻopunipuni a ka poʻe kūʻē he palena ʻole."
(Ua hoʻopau ʻole ʻia ka hoʻohuli i kekahi manawa ma hope o ke ola ʻana o kēia kūlana.)

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Weaponizing i ka pūnaewele me nā kānaka hoʻopunipuni a me nā pūnaewele

Ke hōʻike nei no Ke Kahu i 2002, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i kahi hana huna hūnā e hoʻohana ʻia ana e nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me kā lākou mau ʻoihana PR no nā makahiki he nui e paipai a pale aku i kā lākou huahana: ka hana ʻana i nā pilikino hoʻopunipuni a me nā pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni e hoʻopau ai i nā mea loiloi a hoʻohuli i nā hopena huli pūnaewele.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot i nā "kamaʻāina hoʻopunipuni" (ka poʻe ʻaʻole maoli) "e hoʻopahū nei i nā papa inoa pūnaewele me nā leka e hōʻino ana i nā ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā hua GM" - a ua hoʻihoʻi ʻia nā kamaʻāina wahaheʻe i ko Monsanto PR PR Bivings.

Ua wehewehe ʻo Monbiot i kā Jay Byrne pili ʻana i nā Bivings:

"E noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papaʻaina ... e make paha kekahi."

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o ka hana ʻana, nā pae GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekia huli pūnaewele i mea hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ua kākoʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. ' ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele Wow 'hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo' i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana e loaʻa i nā pāʻani kūpono '. ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele kahi a [kamaʻāina hoʻopunipuni] Smetacek i hoʻouka i kāna hoʻolālā. "

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Nā mea hou aʻe mai Jay Byrne

A Hōʻike Mana Mana 2013 hōʻike i ke kuleana a Byrne e pāʻani ai no kāna mea kūʻai aku ma ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i kāna mau kumumanaʻo e pili ana i nā mea kākoʻo i ke kaiaola, hoʻonohonoho i ko lākou mana ma ka pūnaewele a koi i nā ʻoihana e hōʻuluʻulu i kā lākou kumuwaiwai e kūʻē iā lākou, i mea e hōʻalo ai i nā "kaohi a me nā kaohi o ka mākeke."

The 2006 buke "E ʻai lākou i ka mālama pono," i paʻi ʻia e ka Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika a hoʻoponopono ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻO ka mea lawelawe PR ʻo Jon Entine, loaʻa kahi mokuna e Byrne i kapa ʻia, "Deconstructing the Agricultural Biotechnology Protest Industry."

He lālā ʻo Byrne o "AgBioChatter," a papa inoa leka uila pilikino ʻO nā limahana limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā mea aʻoaʻo a me nā kālaiʻike i hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know hōʻike iā Byrne e paipai nei i nā lālā o AgBioChatter e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka poʻe a me nā hui i kūhewa i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO kahi hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR 2015 i kapa ʻia ʻo AgBioChatter ma ke ʻano he hoʻokahi Ua hoʻolālā ʻo "hoa hana ʻoihana" ʻo Monsanto e komo e kōkua i ka hōʻino ʻana i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pili ana i glyphosate.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Pili ʻo Pamela Ronald i nā pūʻulu mua o ka ʻoihana kemika

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Hoʻohou i Iune 2019

ʻO Pamela Ronald, PhD, he polofesa o nā mea kanu pathology ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis a me ka mea kākau o ka puke 2008, "Tomorrow's Table," kahi mea i kākoʻo nui ʻia no nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered. ʻAʻoleʻike iki ʻia ʻo kā Kauka Ronald kuleana i loko o nā hui e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana, akā ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ke hana pū nei me nā ʻoihana kemika e hoʻolaulaha a me lobby no nā GMO a me nā pesticides, i nā hoʻonohonoho i maopopo ʻole i ka lehulehu. 

Pili i ka hui mahiʻai kī nui

He pilina paʻa ko Pamela Ronald i kahi hui mua o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, a me kāna alakaʻi alakaʻi, ʻo Jon Entine. Ua kōkua ʻo ia iā lākou ma nā ʻano like ʻole. O kahi laʻana, hōʻike nā palapala i ka 2015, Ua koho ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule a me ke aʻo o ka ʻepekema kamaʻilio ma UC Davis, a hana pū me Genetic Literacy Project e hoʻokipa i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai i uku kālā ʻia. hanana leka uila ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe komo pehea e hoʻolaha ai i nā huahana mahiʻai. 

Ua wehewehe ʻia ka papahana genetic literacy ma kahi ia nā kumu kāki-eo Le Monde ʻike ma ke ʻano he “punaewele propaganda kaulana” i hoʻokani i ke kuleana nui i ko Monsanto paipai e hōʻino i ka hōʻike a ke keʻena noiʻi noiʻi maʻi maʻi o ka World Health Organization ma glyphosate. I ka a Palapala PR 2015, Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Monsanto i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma waena o ka “ʻoihana hana ” ua hoʻolālā ka ʻoihana e komo i ka "orchestrate outcry" e pili ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i nā ʻatikala he nui e hōʻeha ana i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i hoʻopunipuni a hana pū ka palaho, ka hoʻokahuli, ka hūnā a me ka hoʻopunipuni.

He pili lōʻihi ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana kemika; pili pū kona kino hana i ka pale ʻana pesticides, hanalima Nine Inch, Ka lula ea Ke, kūpilikiʻi, A me ka ʻoihana aila, pinepine me hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema, nā kānaka moʻolelo a nā kālaiʻike.  Hoʻohui ee ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma 2011 i ka manawa He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto o kāna ʻoihana pili lehulehu. ʻO ka GLP ma mua pili pū ʻia me STATS, ua wehewehe kahi mea nūhou pūʻulu nonprofit ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia kanalua nā ʻanoʻano e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a ʻo “ʻike ʻia no ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana kemika. " 

I ka 2015, ua neʻe ka Genetic Literacy Project i kahi hui makua hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project. ʻO ka faila ʻauhau IRS no kēlā makahiki hōʻikeʻia he lālā hoʻokumu ʻo Kauka Ronald o ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema, akā nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2018 e hōʻike ua hōʻoia ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine e haʻalele hou i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau ma hope o ka ʻike ʻia ua helu ʻia ʻo ia ma laila (ʻo ka ʻauhau ʻauhau i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kēia manawa loaʻa ma aneʻi). Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine, “ʻAʻole au i lawelawe ma kēia papa a ʻaʻole wau i hāʻawi i ka ʻae no ka papa inoa ʻia o koʻu inoa. E ʻoluʻolu e hana koke e hoʻomaopopo i ka IRS ua helu ʻia koʻu inoa me ka ʻae ʻole. ” Ua kākau ʻo Entine he ʻokoʻa kona hoʻomanaʻo ʻana. "Hoʻomaopopo wau iā ʻoe e ʻae nei e lilo i ʻāpana o ka papa a poʻo i ka papa mua ... Ua hauʻoli ʻoe a kākoʻo hoʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. ʻAʻohe nīnau i loko o koʻu manaʻo ua ʻae ʻoe i kēia. ” Akā naʻe ua ʻae ʻo ia e hoʻāʻo e lawe i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau.

Ua kūkākūkā hou lāua i ka palapala ʻauhau ma Kekemapa 2018 ma hope o ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kēia pepa. Ua kākau ʻo Entine, "Ua helu wau iā ʻoe ma ka 990 kumu e pili ana i ke kamaʻilio kelepona ʻana āu i ʻae ai e noho ma ka papa. I ka manawa i koho ai ʻoe iaʻu ua ʻae ʻole ʻoe, ua hoʻomaʻemaʻe wau i ka moʻolelo e like me kāu i noi ai. ” I loko o leka uila ʻē aʻe i kēlā lā, ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻo ia iā Kauka Ronald "ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua pili ʻoe me 'kēlā hui: ʻoiai mākou e hana pū ana, hana maʻalahi a hana ʻole hoʻi, i ka hana ʻana i kahi hoʻomoana kīpuka ma kāu kula nui."  

Hoʻonohonoho nā palapala ʻauhau ʻEpekema Literacy i kēia manawa i ʻekolu mau lālā o ka papa: Entine; ʻO Drew Kershen, he loea loio i hala ma mua ma ka papa o "Review Academics," he hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana kāna kālā mai nā hui mahiʻai; a ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, he epidemiologist nāna e lawelawe ma ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema no ka mea, o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto no kāna hana pale aku i nā pesticides a me GMO.

Hoʻokumu ʻia, alakaʻi ʻia ka hui ʻo UC Davis e hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā hana PR hana

ʻO Kauka Ronald ka luna hoʻokumu o ka World Food Center's Ke keʻena no ka heluhelu ʻana i ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai (IFAL), kahi hui i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2014 ma UC Davis e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā kumu a me nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, nā mea kanu a me nā pesticides. ʻAʻole hōʻike piha ka hui i kāna kālā.

Hōʻike nā palapala i hāʻawi ʻia e Dr. Ronald ʻO Jon Entine a me kāna hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻO kahi papahana Genetic Literacy Project kahi paepae ma UC Davis, ke koho nei iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule uku ʻole ʻia o IFAL a he kumu aʻo a kumu aʻo i kahi papahana puka ʻepekema kamaʻilio. ʻAʻole ʻo Entine he hoa ma UC Davis. E ʻike i kā mākou leka 2016 i ka World Food Center e nīnau ana e pili ana i ke kālā no Entine a me IFAL a me kā lākou wehewehe wehewehe e pili ana i kahi e loaʻa ai kā lākou kālā.

I Iulai 2014, ua hōʻike ʻo Kauka Ronald i kahi leka uila i kahi hoa hana ʻo Entine kahi mea kōkua nui i hiki ke hāʻawi iā lākou i nā manaʻo maikaʻi i ka mea e hoʻopili aku ai e hōʻiliʻili i nā kālā hou aʻe no ka hanana IFAL mua. I Iune 2015, hui pū ʻo IFAL i ka “ʻO kahi hoʻomoana boot a Project Biotech Literacy”Me ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻO ka hui loiloi ʻia ʻo Monsanto i kākoʻo ʻia e ka hui. Ua koi nā mea hoʻonohonoho i uku kālā ʻia kēia hanana e nā kumu, nā aupuni a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, akā hōʻole nā ​​kumu ʻoihana ʻole i ke kālā kālā i nā hanana a me ka ʻo ke kumuwaiwai kālā hiki ke haki ʻia mai ka ʻoihana, e like me ka hōʻike a Paul Thacker ma The Progressive.

Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau kēlā Kānāwai Loiloi, i loaʻa iā ia kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa, hoʻolilo i $ 162,000 no ka ʻaha kūkā ʻekolu lā ma UC Davis. Ke kumu o ka hoʻomoana kīpaku, e like me ka papa kuhikuhi, e hoʻomaʻamaʻa a kākoʻo i nā ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi kālaiʻike e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu a me nā mea hana kulekele e pili ana i nā pono o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO nā mea kamaʻilio ma kahi hoʻomoana kālele kā UC Davis ʻO Jay Byrne, Ko Monsanto luna mua o nā ʻoihana hui; Lākana Hank o ka Monsanto-uku kālā ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino; nā polofesa me nā pilina ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia e like me Kulanui o ʻInikia Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy a Ke Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta; ʻO Cami Ryan, e hana nei no Monsanto; ʻO David Ropeik, kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻike pilikia ʻike PR nona pū kekahi nā mea kūʻai aku me Dow a me Bayer; a me nā hui ʻenehana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe.

Nā haʻi ʻōlelo nui ʻo Dr. Ronald, ʻO Yvette dʻEntremont ka Sci Babe, he "ʻepekema kamaʻilio" nāna e pale aku i nā pesticides a me nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻona i ka wā e lawe kālā ana mai nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i kēlā mau huahana, a me Ted Nordhaus o ka Breakthrough Institute. (Ua helu pū ʻia ʻo Nordhaus ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka Papa ʻEpekema ʻEpekema ma ka palapala ʻauhau 2015/2016 kumu, akā ua kāpae ʻia kona inoa me Dr. Ronald's i loko o ka pepa i hoʻoponopono ʻia ʻo Entine i waiho ʻia i ka makahiki 2018. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Nordhaus ʻaʻole ʻo ia i lawelawe ma ka papa.)

Ke kuke ʻana i kahi boycott Chipotle

Hōʻike nā leka uila iā Dr. Ronald lāua ʻo Jon Entine hana pū ʻia ma ka leka ʻana e hōʻino ai i nā loiloi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered. I kekahi hihia, ua noi ʻo Kauka Ronald e hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott e kūʻē i ka Chipotle hale ʻaina ma luna o kāna hoʻoholo e hāʻawi a paipai i nā meaʻai GMO ʻole.

I ʻApelila 2015, ua leka uila ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine a ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, kahi limahana o Monsanto ma mua a me ka loea o ka laulima kōkua ma UC Davis, e ʻōlelo e loaʻa iā lākou kahi haumāna e kākau e pili ana i nā mahiʻai e hoʻohana ana i nā pesticides ʻoi loa e ulu i ka GM-GMO. “Manaʻo wau e hoʻolaha mākou i kēia ʻoiaʻiʻo (ke loaʻa iā mākou nā kikoʻī) a laila hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott chipotle, "Kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald. Ua kuhikuhi ʻo Entine i kahi hoa e kākau i kahi ʻatikala no ka papahana Genetic Literacy ma ke kumuhana e "lele pinepine ka hoʻohana pesticide" ke hoʻololi ka poʻe mahiʻai i kahi hiʻohiʻona GMO ʻole e hoʻolako i nā hale ʻaina e like me Chipotle. ʻO ka Haawina, mea i kākau ʻia e Entine a me ke kuhi ʻana i kāna pili ʻo UC Davis, ʻaʻole e hōʻoia i kēlā kuleana me ka ʻikepili.

Hoʻokumu ʻia ka hui biotech spin spin BioFortified

Ua hoʻokumu a lawelawe ʻo Dr. Ronald ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa (2012-2015) o ʻO Biology Fortified, Inc. (Biofortified), kahi hui e paipai i nā GMO a Loaʻa iā ia kahi hui activist hoa hoʻonohonoho kēlā nā kūʻē e kūʻē iā Monsanto. ʻO nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe o Biofortified me ka lālā hoʻokumu o David Tribe, he genistist ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne i hoʻokumu pū Review Review, ka hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana nā kālā ʻoihana, a hana pū me IFAL e hoʻokipa i ka papahana Biotech Literacy "camp boot" ma UC Davis.

ʻO ka lālā o ka papa ʻo Kevin Folta (2015-2018), he ʻepekema mea kanu ma ke Kulanui o Florida, ʻo ia ka kumuhana o ka moʻolelo New York Times ke hōʻike nei ua alakaʻi hewa ʻo ia i ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO Steve Blogage kahi mea kākau blog biofortified Ua huli ka limahana o DuPont i kuhina ʻoihana; ʻO Joe Ballanger, a kākāʻōlelo no Monsanto; a me Andrew Kniss, nāna i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto. Hōʻike nā palapala i kēlā hoʻohui ʻia nā lālā o Biofortified me ka ʻoihana pesticide ma kahi hoʻolaha lobbying e kū'ē nā kapu pesticide ma Hawaii.

Pāʻani i ke kuleana alakaʻi i ka kiʻi ʻoniʻoni hoʻolaha kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana

Ua hōʻike nui ʻia ʻo Kauka Ronald i ka Food Evolution, kahi kiʻi paʻi kiʻi e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini i uku ʻia e ka hui kālepa Institute for Food Technologists. He mau kālaiʻike ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia ʻo propaganda propaganda, a me kekahi mau kānaka i nīnauele ʻia no ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i wehewehe ʻia i ke kaʻina hana hoʻopunipuni a ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua lawe ʻia ko lākou mau manaʻo ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili.

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2017/06/gmo-industry-propaganda-film-food-evolution/

'Adlelo aʻoaʻo no ka hoʻolaha kaiāulu GMO ma Cornell

ʻO Kauka Ronald ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha PR i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻolaha ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka leka uila ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hāʻawi kālā nui ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i ua kūʻē i ka hoʻohana ʻia o ke kānāwai Freedom of Information e nānā i nā hui lehulehu, alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu me ka ʻike kūpono ʻole a hoʻokiʻekiʻe i nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole ʻia; ʻike palapala i loko o kā mākou pepa pono.

Loaʻa kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala e US Right to Know e loaʻa ana iā Dr. Ronald ka uku mai nā hui mahiʻai e ʻōlelo ma nā hanana kahi e hoʻolaha ai ʻo ia i nā GMO i nā mea hoʻolohe nui e ʻimi ai nā ʻoihana e hoʻohuli, e like me nā mea ʻai. Hāʻawi nā leka uila mai Nowemapa 2012 i kahi laʻana o ka hana a Dr. Ronald me nā ʻoihana.

ʻO ka limahana ʻo Monsanto Wendy Reinhardt Kapsak, he mea lapaʻau i hana mua no ka ʻoihana meaʻai hui wili IFIC, kono iā Ronald e kamaʻilio ma nā ʻaha kūkā ʻelua ma 2013, Food 3000 a me ka Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference a me Expo. Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻelua kūkākūkā nā uku a me nā kūʻai puke a ʻae ʻo Kauka Ronald e ʻōlelo ma Food 3000, kahi ʻaha kūkā i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka firm PR Porter Novelli a Kapsak i ʻōlelo ai e hōʻea i "90 ka pāʻoihana kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i ka meaʻai a me nā loea / influencers." (Kauka Ronald hoʻoili ʻia $ 3,000 no ka hanana). Nīnau ʻo Kapsak iā loiloi i nā kiʻi a Dr. Ronald a hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea e kūkākūkā i ka leka ʻana. Eia nō naʻe ma ka papa ka moderator ʻo Mary Chin (he kaukaʻai nāna kūkākūkā me Monsanto), a me nā lunamakaʻāinana mai ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation a me Monsanto, me Kapsak e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo hoʻomaka. Ua hōʻike ʻo Kapsak ma hope ua loaʻa nā loiloi i ka panela me nā poʻe i ʻōlelo ʻia e haʻi like lākou i ka manaʻo, "Pono mākou i kahi biotech e kōkua e hānai i ka honua. "

ʻO nā hana ʻē aʻe i hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻē aʻe no Dr. Ronald i komo pū me kahi 2014 haiolelo ma Monsanto no ka mea, $ 3,500 me 100 kope o kāna puke ka mea āna hōʻole e tweet e pili ana; a me kahi kamaʻilio e kamaʻilio 2013 ana i hoʻoili ai Bayer AG no $ 10,000.

Nā pepa i hoʻihoʻi ʻia

Retraction Watch ua hōʻike ʻo ia, “He makahiki paʻakikī ka 2013 no ka meaolaola ʻo Pamela Ronald. Ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana i ka protein i hōʻike ʻia e hoʻomaka i ka ʻōnaehana pale o ka laiki e pale aku ai i kahi maʻi bacteria - e hōʻike ana i kahi ala hou e hana i nā mea kū i ka maʻi - ua huki ʻo ia a me kāna hui i ʻelua mau pepa i ka 2013 ma hope o ka hiki ʻole ke hana hou i kā lākou ʻike. ʻO nā mea hewa: kahi misia maʻi koʻokoʻo a me kahi hoʻoweliweli ʻano nui. Eia naʻe, ʻo ka mālama a me ka transparency āna i hōʻike ai i loaʻa iā ia kahi 'hana ana i ka mea kūpono'kunou mai iā mākou i kēlā manawa. "

E ʻike i ka uhi:

"He aha kāu e hana ai e pili ana i nā retractions ʻeha? ʻO Q&A me Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo Beniamina Swessinger, " Retraction Watch (7.24.2015)

"Hiki i ke kūlana ʻepekema o Pamala Ronald, ke alo lehulehu o GMO, ke hoʻopakele ʻia?"Na Jonathan Latham, Nūhou ʻEpekema Kūʻokoʻa (11.12.2013)

"Hana hou ʻo Pamela Ronald i ka mea kūpono, retracting a paper Science, " Retraction Watch (10.10.2013)

"Ke hana nei i ka mea kūpono: Hoʻihoʻi nā kānaka noiʻi i ka pepa i ʻike ʻia e ka ʻaha ma hope o ka hana lehulehu, " Retraction Watch (9.11.2013)

Keith Kloor: Pehea i hana ai kahi mea kākau ʻepekema ma hope o nā hanana me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana

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ʻO Keith Kloor kahi mea kākau moʻolelo kūʻokoʻa a he lālā kumu aʻoaʻo hoʻopukapuka hoʻohui Ke Kulanui o New York ka mea i kākau no ʻAno, ʻEpekema Insider, Slate a me nā ʻatikala he nui no ʻIke Magazine ke hoʻolaha nei i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered a me ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻoiai ke kōkua pū nei i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma hope o nā hanana.

Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know, kau ʻia i loko o ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika, hōʻike i nā hanana a Kloor i aʻo aku ai a hoʻoponopono i kāna mau kumuwaiwai, i uhi ʻole i nā pilina ʻoihana o kahi kumuwaiwai, a hōʻike ʻilihune ʻia e pili ana i ka ʻike i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i nā moʻolelo ʻoihana. Ua hōʻole ʻo Kloor e pane i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

Preemptive, koho koho o nā leka uila FOIA

Mai 2015 a 2017, ua hōʻike ʻo Kloor no Nature, ʻ Inslelo Pūnaewele, Mob, Nā pilikia i ka ʻepekema a me ka ʻenehana, a Slate ma ka a hoʻokolokolo moʻohelu lehulehu na US Kuleana e ʻike i ka mea i hōʻike i nā pilina i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā mea ʻimi kālā i hoʻolaha ākea e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai, me Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta. I kēlā me kēia o kēia mau ʻāpana i paʻi ʻia, ua haku ʻo Kloor i nā noi a nā lehulehu e like me ka ukana nui ʻole ma nā kālaiʻike.

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala mokuʻāina e hōʻike ana ʻo Kloor iho kahi ʻāpana o ka moʻolelo āna e hōʻike nei; ua hele aku ʻo ia i nā ʻaha kūkā aʻoaʻo aʻo aʻoaʻo kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia me ka pāʻoihana me Dr. Folta a kōkua iā Dr. Folta me ka leka uila. Ke hōʻike nei nā leka i hiki aku ʻo Kauka Folta iā Kloor e ʻōlelo i kahi hoʻokuʻu "preemptive" o kāna mau leka uila "akā koho" e kōkua i ka hōʻemi i ka hōʻino o nā palapala - a Kloor i hana ai, i loko o ka puke pai Nature. I ka manawa like e uhi ana ʻo Kloor i ka moʻolelo no nā paʻi ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala ua komo ʻo ia i nā kūkākūkā me nā poʻe ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pilikia i hāpai ʻia e nā noi palapala lehulehu.

Wā palena manawa o ka uhi ʻana a me nā hui pū ʻana:

Ke aʻo, nā kumuwaiwai hoʻoponopono; ke uhi huna nei i nā pilina ʻoihana

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua hana ʻo Kloor me kāna mau kumuwaiwai ma hope o nā hanana e hoʻolahalaha i kā lākou leka uila i ke kākoʻo ʻana i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai kumu nui: e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana i nā mea kūʻai aku makaʻala e ʻae i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. ʻO kekahi o kēia mau kumuwaiwai ʻO Kauka Kevin Folta, ke Kulanui o Florida ʻO ke polopeka ʻo Kloor ke kī nui i hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā moʻolelo āna i kākau ai no nā paʻi ʻepekema e pili ana i ka transparency.

Kūkala e hoʻohuli iā Bill Nye

I Nowemapa 2014, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kloor i kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo hoʻāʻo ʻO nā loiloi a Bill Nye e pili ana i nā GMO me kahi “Open Letter to Bill Nye from a Plant Scientist” i pūlima ʻia e Dr. Folta. Hōʻike nā leka uila ua nīnau ʻo Kloor Kauka Folta e ʻaʻa iā Nye, i hele mai me ka manaʻo o ka leka hāmama a kaʻi ʻo Dr. Folta i ka pehea e kākau ai. ʻO ia ʻo ia i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kā Biola Palapala moʻolelo moʻomeheu e hōʻalo ai i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā ʻoihana, e like me nā leka uila.

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua kāhea ʻo Kloor i kahi bio no Dr. Folta i hoʻohui pū ʻia me ka laina, "ʻAʻohe noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Monsanto." Ua noi ʻo Kauka Folta iā ia e hoʻoponopono i kēlā ʻōlelo, me ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana ua kākoʻo manawaleʻa ʻo Monsanto i kekahi o kāna mau hana hoʻolaha biotech a ua loaʻa iā ia kahi kālā noiʻi mai kahi ʻoihana biotech liʻiliʻi. Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kloor i kahi bio i hōʻalo i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā holoʻokoʻa a Kauka Folta: "Ua kākoʻo ʻia kāna noiʻi e nā pekelala a me nā keʻena mokuʻāina."

I ka leka uila ma lalo, ua hāʻawi ʻo Kloor i ke alakaʻi iā Dr. Folta e pili ana i ka kākau ʻana i ka leka iā Nye.

A puni kēlā manawa, e hoʻokele pū ana ʻo Monsanto iā Nye e hoʻololi i kona kūlana ma nā GMO, a lākou i hope ai kūleʻa i ka hana. A Malaki 2015 Hawaii Post moʻolelo e pili ana i kā Nye hoʻohuli ʻia ʻana ua koi ʻo nā loiloi a Nye i nā GMO "ua huhū nā mea ʻepekema he nui," akā pili wale i ka leka a Dr. Folta ma kā Kloor blog.

ʻIke: "ʻAʻole kā mākou kulekele e hoʻoulu i nā kumu"

Hōʻike nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2014 iā Kloor e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo leka iā Kauka Folta a me kekahi kumu, ʻo Kauka Karl Haro von Mogel, ka luna media o ka ʻO ka hui hoʻolaha GMO Biofortified. Ua noi ʻo Kloor iā lākou e loiloi i kahi ʻatikala na Carole Bartolotto, he kaukaʻai nāna i kākau koʻikoʻi e pili ana i nā GMO. Hōʻike nā leka uila i kēlā Ua hoʻoponopono ʻo Kloor i nā manaʻo a paipai i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i ka leka uila: "ʻO kaʻu ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo: e mālama i ka ʻōlelo me ke kūlike ʻole a me ka hoʻokolokolo ʻole e like me ka hiki. Ke ʻimi nei ʻoe i nā poʻe noho pā, i hoʻopau ʻia paha e ka ʻōlelo i puka mai me he lima kaumaha lā. "

Ua kau ʻo Kloor i ka loiloi Bartolotto ma kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo a wehewehe iā Dr. ʻO Folta lāua ʻo von Mogel ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema ʻelua i loaʻa ʻole ke kālā mai ka ʻoihana biotech." Ua hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ma hope, he mau pule wale nō i hala, ua ʻike ʻo Monsanto ua ʻae ʻo ia e kālā iā Dr. Folta's nā hana hoʻoikaika no GMO; a i ke kauwela i hala aku nei, ua hoʻolālā ʻo Kauka Folta e kipa aku iā Hawaii e hoʻoleʻaleʻa i nā kapu pesticide i kahi huakaʻi hoʻonohonoho a uku ʻia e kahi hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide (Kau ʻia ʻo Dr. von Mogel i kēlā mau leka uila). Hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala a Kloor ma ka Mob pūnaewele me ka ʻole o nā hoʻohou a hoʻoponopono ʻole paha.

No ka 2017 ʻO ka ʻatikala pou Huffington, Ua nīnau ka mea kākau moʻolelo Paul Thacker Mob ka mea hoʻoponopono moʻohelu ʻo Becky Lang e haʻi manaʻo ma nā leka uila ʻo Bartolotto. Ua hōʻole ʻo Lang e ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā kikoʻī, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia: ʻAʻole ia kā mākou kulekele e kōkua i nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻāʻo e hūnā i kā lākou pili ʻoihana. ” (Kloor's) Mob blog pau i loko o pau i loko o ʻApelila 2015.)

ʻO Jon Entine, pili pili Genetic Literacy Project  

ʻO nā kākau waiwai a Kloor i ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma ka pūnaewele o ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi pūnaewele hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai kēlā mau hiʻohiʻona nā ʻatikala he nui i kākau ʻia e Kloor a i ʻole e ʻōlelo ʻana i kāna hana. Hoʻokele ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project e Jon Entine, kahi mea hana PR lōʻihi loa e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā makemake ʻoihana kemika. ʻO Entine ke poʻokela o ka firm PR ESG MediaMetrics, nona nā mea kūʻai aku me Monsanto. Hoʻohana ʻo Kloor a me Entine i nā leka like a hoʻopaʻa i nā pilikia ma nā ʻano like, a ʻike ʻia he pilina pili loa, e like me nā leka uila.

I loko o kahi leka uila o Iulai 2013 i kahi hui lobby ʻoihana pesticide, ua wehewehe ʻo Entine iā Kloor ma ke ʻano he “hoa aloha maikaʻi loa naʻu"ʻO wai ka mea hiki ke kōkua i ke kālepa ʻana me kahi mea ʻē aʻe Mob blogger e kākau e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana mahiʻai ma Hawaii. Hōʻike kekahi leka uila iā Entine e hoʻohui nei iā Kloor me Rebeka Goldin ma ke Kulanui ʻo George Mason e kūkā kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka "hana ʻino iā FOIA." Hana ʻo Goldin me STATS ka mea hana mua o Entine, ua wehewehe ʻia kahi hui nūpepa ma ke ʻano he “hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia hoʻohana i nā hana paka i hana kānalua e pili ana i ka makaʻu kemika.

I loko o kahi leka uila ʻē aʻe mai ʻOkakopa 2014, ʻo Kloor wale nō ka mea kākau moʻolelo i hoʻopili ʻia i loko o kahi leka uila mai ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu mai Ketchum e pili ana i kahi hiki ke hacking hana ma nā pūnaewele ʻoihana e ka hui Anonymous. Ua hoʻouna ʻia ka leka uila e ʻO Adrianne Massey, luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻOihana ʻAnaehana Biotechnology (BIO), i kahi hui o nā ʻāpana āpau, me Entine.

"ʻAʻohe oʻu manaʻo i ke ʻano o ka hoʻouka. ʻO nā ʻāpana ʻāpana pilikino kā lākou pahuhopu wale nō, akā ʻaʻole au makemake i kekahi o ʻoukou e hōʻino ʻia ka poʻe e ʻike iā ʻoukou ma ke ʻano he poʻe kōkua ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Massey.

Kope ʻia ʻo Kloor i ka leka uila e ʻO Kauka Channapatna Prakash, he mea kōkua GMO a he wahine ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tuskegee. Hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka leka uila ʻo Jay Byrne (ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto), ʻO Val Giddings (ka pelekikena hope o ka hui kālepa biotech), Karl Haro von Mogel (luna media o Biofortified), Bruce Chassy lāua ʻo David Tribe (nā hoa hui o ka ʻO ka hui loiloi mua o Monsanto), a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe kī e paipai i nā GMO a me nā mea e kākoʻo ana no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana. ʻO Kevin Folta, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Drew Kershen, Klaus AmmannʻO Piet van der Meer a ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin.

Paipai pinepine nā mea hana ʻoihana i kā Kloor hana; ʻike i nā tweets na ʻO Robb Fraley o MonsantoʻO Jon Entine, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa CBI.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

ʻO Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Nā ʻelele PR no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana Kemika

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ʻO Jon Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hoa nui i ka Monsanto mau hana pili lehulehu e pale aku a pale aku i nā huahana mahiʻai. Hōʻike ʻo Entine iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he mana mana i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo he PR lōʻihi ʻo ia me nā pilina hohonu i ka ʻoihana kemika a kālele kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia.

ʻO nā kumu hoʻomaka o ka papahana moʻokalaleo genetic: kahi paʻa ʻo Monsanto PR a me kahi nonprofit me nā pili paka

ʻO Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a poʻokumu o ESG MediaMetrics, he hui pili lehulehu i ʻO Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku ma 2011 ke kūpaʻa kāinoa i ka inoa kikowaena GeneticLiteracyProject.org.

ʻO Entine i kēlā manawa e hana ʻia e nā lawelawe loiloi helu (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit a ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation" o ia "ʻike ʻia e kū i nā kūlana e ʻae i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha. ” Ua hoʻomohala ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "papahana hoʻopaʻi keʻa me STATS," e like me waihona pūnaewele I ka 2015, neʻe ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma lalo o ka malu o kahi hui hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project, ka mea i hoʻoilina i ka STATS helu helu ʻauhau.

ʻO kahi hoʻokolokolo e Milwaukee Journal Sentinel ua ʻike ʻo STATS he “ka mea pāʻani nui i ka hoʻolaha lehulehu e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka bisphenol A"A ʻo kāna hui makua, ʻo ke kikowaena no Media and Public Affairs (CMPA)," ʻo ia uku ʻia i loko o nā makahiki 1990 e Philip Morris, ka ʻoihana paka, e hōʻiliʻili i nā moʻolelo loiloi i ka puhipaka. ” He alakaʻi ʻo Entine o ka CMPA i ka makahiki makahiki 2014/2015, e like me i nā palapala ʻauhau.

He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto i ka firm PR o Entine i kona wā i hoʻopaʻa inoa ai i ka inoa no ka papahana Genetic Literacy.

Pāhana me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR / hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema 

Nā palapala i loaʻa iā Pono ʻo US e ʻike a mai hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto e hōʻike i ka Entine a me ka Genetic Literacy Project hoa me Monsanto e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, me ka hōʻike ʻole i kā lākou hana pū ʻana.

  • Kahi hoʻolālā 2015 Monsanto PR ʻike ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project kekahi o nā "Nā hoa hana" Ua hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e hana i kāna mau hana e "orctrate outcry" e pili ana i hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai mai ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e "pale ai i ka kaulana" o Roundup. Ua kau ʻo GLP ma luna o 200 ʻatikala e pili ana i ka IARC, kekahi o lākou kū'ē nā ʻepekema ka mea i loaʻa ka glyphosate carcinogenic as nā kuʻuna a wahahee ʻO wai kipaku ʻia e ka waiwai a me ka lapuwale.
  • He lanakila lanakila Le Monde hoʻokolokolo e pili ana i ka "Monsanto Papers" i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" i hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana i nā ʻoihana pesticides a me biotechnology, "a he hana nui i ko Monsanto mau hana" e luku i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o United Nations. ke koho e hiki ai. "
  • I kahi waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha 2017, ua hoʻopiʻi nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻa glyphosate i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino ma ke ʻano he "hui i manaʻo e hoʻohilahila i nā ʻepekema a hōʻike i ka ʻike e kōkua ana iā Monsanto a me nā mea hana kemika ʻē aʻe.
  • Ma 2014 a me 2015, ua hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto a me kā lākou PR firm e paʻi a hoʻolaha i kahi moʻo o nā pepa pro-GMO i kākau ʻia e nā polopeka me ka hōʻike ʻole i ka kuleana o ka ʻoihana. E ʻike i ka hōʻike a Boston Globe, “ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Professor Harvard i ka pili o Monsanto. "
  • Wahi a kahi leka uila o Sep. 2014, Ua koho nā luna o Monsanto i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "puka mua" e paʻi i nā pepa a nā polopeka, a e kūkulu i kahi "papahana kūʻai aku" me ka PR PR CMA e paipai i nā pepa.
  • ʻO ka firm PR CMA, ka mea i kapa hou ʻia ʻo Look East, alakaʻi ʻia e Charlie Arnot, a ʻo ia hoʻi ka mea nāna e holo ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, kahi mea kōkua ʻole e loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto - a ʻo kekahi hāʻawi manawaleʻa iā Papahana Heluhelu Genetic.
  • I ka 2014 a me ka 2015, ua hana pū ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Nānā ʻImi, kahi hui mua o Monsanto, e hoonohonoho ʻaha kūkā kālā-ʻenehana ma ke Kulanui o Florida a me UC Davis "e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMOs a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate," e like me Ua hōʻike ʻo Paul Thacker ma The Progressive.

Pili i Syngenta / ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino

Ke hāʻawi kālā nei ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i ka wā i paʻi ai i ka puke a Entine e pale aku nei i ka pesticide a Syngenta.

Ua pili paʻa ʻo Jon Entine me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui mua ʻoihana loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe. Ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kā Entine puke 2011, ka mea e pale aku i ka atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta. ʻO ka hōʻike ʻana a Tom Philpott ma Mother Jones a me ka Center for Media and Democracy e hoʻokumu ana e hāʻawi kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i kēlā manawa, a ua noi aku ʻo ACSH iā Syngenta e hāʻawi i kālā hou aku no kahi papahana i hoʻopili ʻia kahi puke e like me ka puke ʻo Entine.

ʻO kā Philpott ʻatikala ma Mother Jones ua wehewehe i nā kūlana e pili ana i ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā Entine puke, e pili ana i nā palapala i loaʻa iā ke kikowaena no Media a me Demokalaka e wehewehe ana i kā PR PR Syngenta e kiʻi ʻo nā hui ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e pale aku iā atrazine.

I 2009, Ua nīnau aku nā limahana o ACSH iā Syngenta no kahi $ 100,000 hāʻawi - "ʻokoʻa a ʻokoʻa i ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki i hala" - e hana i kahi pepa a me "puke kūʻai pilikino" e pili ana i atrazine. I ka 2011, Hoʻolaha ʻo ACSH ʻO ka puke hou a Entine me kahi "hoa aloha, pepa kūlana pōkole," e pale aku ana iā atrazine. Ua haʻi ʻo Entine iā Philpott ʻaʻohe ona "manaʻo" e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH.

Kumuhana nui: hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa

ʻO kahi poʻomanaʻo nui i ka hana a Entine e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hōʻike loiloi e pili ana i ka ʻoihana kemika, ka ʻoihana aila a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me lākou. Kekahi mau laʻana:

  • hooukaia mai New Yorker ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Rachel Aviv i ka hoʻāʻo e hōʻino iā ia hōʻike e pili ana i nā palapala Syngenta kūloko e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka hui kemika e hōʻino i ka inoa o UC Berkeley Polofesa Tyrone Hayes ma muli o kāna noiʻi ʻana e hoʻohui ana i ka lāʻau make atrazine i nā hānau hānau i nā rana. ʻO Bruce Chassy ke kumu nui o Entine, he polofesa ʻo ia ke loaʻa mālie nei i ke kālā mai Monsanto a kōkua i ka hoʻomaka a ʻO ka hui mua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana.
  • hooukaia mai ʻO Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes, ka mea kākau o ʻO nā kālepa o ka kanalua, ma ke ʻano he "populist Luddite, ka Rottweiler ʻike o loko o kou alo, kaiapuni, a makaʻala maoli hoʻi i ka ʻenehana hou."
  • ʻAʻohe ʻO ke kula ʻo Journalism Columbia ʻo Dean Steve Coll a me ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Susanne Rust o "smearing Exxon" no ka hōʻike ʻana ua ʻike ʻo Exxon no nā makahiki he maoli ke ʻano o ke aniau akā hūnā i ka ʻepekema e hoʻomau i nā loaʻa kālā e kahe ana.
  • i ka hoʻouka ukali (mai ka lawe ʻia ʻana mai ka Huffington Post Pūnaewele), hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine iā Rust no nā hana hewa ethics no kāna hōʻike ʻana i kahi papa lanakila lanakila ma BPA ʻo ia papa inoa pōkole no kahi Pulitzer Prize; ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i kāna hōʻike ʻana i hōʻike ai i kāna haku hana ma mua ʻo STATS ma ke ʻano he ka mea pāʻani nui i nā hana PR o ka ʻoihana.

ʻO Murky Funding Trail i Entine a me GLP

He paʻakikī a paʻakikī ka mōʻaukala kālā o Entine, akā hōʻike nā palapala ʻauhau a me kāna mau hōʻike ponoʻī i kahi ʻano o ke kālā mai nā kumuwaiwai inoa ʻole a me nā kumu ʻēheu ʻākau i pahu aku ai i ka deregulation a me ka hōʻole ʻepekema aniau, a me ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai ka ʻoihana biotechnology.

Kūpono ʻole, e loli mau nei ka pepa "transparency"

ʻO ka palapala "transparency financial" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project he pololei ʻole, hoʻololi pinepine a i kekahi manawa kūʻē iā ia iho. No 2017 a me 2018, ka Papahana Genetic Literacy koi ua loaʻa kālā mai kahi mau lima o nā kumu e like me nā hoʻokumu ʻo Templeton a me Searle, ʻo ia nā alakaʻi kālā kālā o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole ʻana. Hoʻomaopopo pū ʻo GLP i ke kālā kālā mai ka Center for Food Integrity, a pūʻulu mua ʻoihana meaʻai i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hoapili pū me Monsanto a me Genetic Literacy Project e hāpai i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai PR.

In Kepakemapa 2016, ka "hōʻike" ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻaʻole i loaʻa kahi kālā mai nā ʻoihana, akā ua hōʻike ʻia he $ 27,500 "hele ma waena o" mai ka "Academics Review Charities Association," i ʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO kēlā hui paha ʻOihana AcademicReview.org, he hui mua i loaʻa i kāna kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa.

In Malaki 2016, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i kahi hōʻike kālā a ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Entine e hoʻokaʻawale iā GLP mai kāna STATS haku hana ma mua, e ʻōlelo ana ua hāʻawi ʻo STATS i nā lawelawe helu mahina wale nō a ʻaʻole pili nā hui i nā hana a kekahi. Akā i ka 2012, ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻo ia “hoʻomohala ʻia ma ke ʻano he papahana aʻo keʻa me STATS. "

Ke kikowaena no ka Media a me nā kuleana aupuni / Ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason

No ka makahiki kālā 2014 / 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau, ua loaʻa iā Entine he $ 173,100 no kāna hana ma ke ʻano he "director" ma Center for Media and Public Affairs, kahi hui ma George Mason University a hoʻokumu ʻia e GMU Professor ʻO Robert Lichter. CMPA ua uku ʻia e Phillip Morris i nā makahiki 1990 e pale i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka paka, e like me nā palapala i ka waihona waihona ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo CMPA i kāna mea kālā kālā akā ua loaʻa kālā iā ia mai kā George Mason University Foundation, ka alakaʻi loaʻa o nā haʻawina i pili pū me Charles Koch a me Koch Industries. Ua loaʻa iā GMUF $ 5.3 miliona mai ka Donors Trust a me nā Donors Capital Fund ma waena o 2011-13, Wahi a ke Kahu. Kuhi kēia mau kālā i nā kālā mai nā mea hāʻawi inoa ʻole me nā ʻoihana i nā hoʻouka kaua a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻokuʻi i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana, e like me Greenpeace i hōʻike ai i loko o kahi hoʻokolokolo ʻimi huna.

Nā uku STATS a me nā hōʻaiʻē

ʻO ka hui kaikuahine o CMPA, i hoʻokumu ʻia e Lichter a hoʻokumu ʻia ma GMU, ʻo Statistics Assessment Services (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit i hana nui i nā hana kemika PR e pale aku i nā huahana ʻawahia, e like me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ke kuʻina, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ka 'Akelanika' a Ka Mea Hōʻaikaʻi.

Wahi a nā palapala IRS:

  • Ua uku ʻia nā STATS i $ 140,600 i loko 2012 / 2013 a i $ 152,500 i 2013 / 2014 ma ke ʻano he “aʻoaʻo noiʻi”
  • ʻO STATS a me ke kikowaena no Media a me nā kuleana lehulehu i helu ʻia i Entine ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi i 2014 / 2015 me ka uku no $ 173,100. Ua helu pū ʻia nā moʻolelo ʻauhau no nā hui ʻelua i ka Pelekikena Trevor Butterworth no $ 95,512 a me ka Luna Hoʻokele Tracey Brown me ka uku ʻole ʻia. ʻO Tracey Brown ka luna o Sense About Science, kahi hui pū kekahi wili ʻepekema e pale aku i nā pono ʻoihana kemika; ʻO Butterworth hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science USA i ka 2014 a hui pū i nā STATS i kēlā hui.
  • Ua lilo ka Project Science Literacy Project i ka ʻauhau ID o STATS ma 2015 a helu ʻia ʻo Entine ma ke ʻano he Luna Hoʻokele me ka uku no $ 188,800.
  • I ka 2018, ESG MediaMetrics, paʻa paʻa o Entine's PR, i hōʻike ʻia $ 176,420 i ka loaʻa kālā.

Ua hōʻaiʻē pū ka Center for Media and Public Affairs i STATS, a "no ka lawa ʻole o ke kālā" ʻaʻole "i uku ʻia." ʻO George Mason University Foundation, ka mea i hōʻike ʻole i kāna kālā, hāʻawi i nā hāʻawi CMPA i kēlā mau makahiki. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau:

  • Ua hōʻaiʻē ʻo CMPA i nā STATS $ 203,611 i 2012 / 2013 a me $ 163,914 hōʻaiʻe ma 2013 / 2014
  • Ua hāʻawi ʻia ʻo George Mason University Foundation $ 220,900 ma 2012 / 2013 a i $ 75,670 i 2013 / 2014 iā CMPA.

ʻO ke kālā ʻoihana Biotechnology e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kākau moʻolelo

Ma 2014 a me 2015, ua hoʻolilo ka ʻaha kūkā no ka ʻike Biotechnology, i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont a me Monsanto Company, ma kahi o $ 300,000 ma nā hanana ʻelua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Genetic Literacy Project a me ka papa mua o ka Academics Review i "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate, ”E like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau a me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ka holomua. ʻO nā hanana, i kapa ʻia ka Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project, i mālama 'ia ma ka Kulanui o Florida ma 2014 a UC Davis ma 2015. Hōʻike nā papahana i nā hanana ma ke ʻano he "hoʻomaʻamaʻa mākau kamaʻilio" no nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e kōkua i ka pale hou ʻana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO, a ua hoʻohiki ʻia e hāʻawi i nā ʻepekema i nā "mea hana a me nā kōkua e pono ai e hoʻopili pono i ka pāpāho a ʻike ʻia he mau loea i ka ʻahaʻōlelo a nā hoʻolohe aupuni aupuni, a me nā hana kulekele ʻē aʻe a me nā manawa kūpono e hoʻolaha aku ai i pili. "

Nā kumu ma ka mua kahua hoʻomoana mua hui pū ʻia nā lunamakaʻāinana mai nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā hui kalepa, a me nā kālaiʻike pro-GMO me ke Kulanui o Florida Kumu. ʻO Kevin Folta, a me ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy, ua ʻae aku lāua ʻelua i ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto a paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a Monsanto e kūʻai aku nei i ka hilinaʻi. Hawaii Post mea kākau meaʻai Tamar Haspel, no lakou hoi ʻae i ke kālā mai nā pono agribusiness, ka mea kākau nūhou ma ke kumu.

Nā mea kālā hōʻole ʻepekema ʻenekini

ʻO nā mea kākoʻo kālā nui o ka mea hana ma mua o Entine STATS a me kāna papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kēia manawa me nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu - ʻo Scaife Foundation, ʻo Searle Freedom Trust a ʻo Templeton Foundation - ʻo ia nā alakaʻi nui o ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻepekema, e like me ka Ke aʻo kula 2013 Drexel. E nānā i ka hoʻokolokolo a USRTK: ʻO ke ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole hōʻaiʻē kālā e hoʻolaha nei i nā Propaganda Nine Toxic.

Kanaka pale ʻoihana ʻino

No nā makahiki he nui, lilo ʻo Entine i mea pale nui i nā pono ʻoihana kemika, ma hope o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana: pale aku ʻo ia i nā kinikona e like me ka palekana; paio e kūʻē ana i ke kānāwai; a hoʻouka i ka ʻepekema, nā mea ʻepekema nūpepa a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hāpai nei i ka hopohopo.

Ke pale nei i nā neonicotinoids

e ulu ana Hōʻike nā hōʻike ʻepekema ʻo kēlā neonicotinoids, ka papa hoʻohana nui ʻia o nā pesticides, kahi kumu nui i ka make ʻana o ka pi. Ua kāohi ka European Union i nā neonics ma muli o ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka hopena o ka pi. ʻO Pepeluali 2020 ʻatikala ma The Intercept na Lee Fang i hōʻike e pili ana i ke "kaua ʻikepili sophisticated" e hana ana nā ʻoihana pesticide e mālama i nā kemika ma ka mākeke ma ka US Entine kahi mea nui o ka ʻelele pro-ʻoihana; ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo ia ʻaʻole neonic ka mea hoʻokele nui o ka make ʻana o ka pi.Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika), ʻo "The bee apocalypse was never real," (ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino) a koi ʻia nā neonics e kōkua maoli i ka olakino pī (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika a Forbes). Ua hōʻeha pū kekahi ʻo Entine i kahi aʻo a kahi polofesa Harvard ma ka bee Colony Collapse Disorder (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika) a hoʻopiʻi i ka poʻe politika o ʻEulopa i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e pepehi i nā nalo meli ma ke kaohi ʻana i nā neonics (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i nā phthalates

ʻO Phthalates kahi papa o nā kemika i loulou lōʻihi ʻia i ka hoʻohaunaele hormone, hōʻeha hānau, pilikia pilikia a me nā loulou i ka momona o ka wā kamaliʻi, hānō, nā pilikia neurological a me nā pilikia puʻuwai. Ua hoʻomaka ke aupuni US kaohi ʻana i nā kemika i nā mea pāʻani a nā keiki i ka 2013 ma muli o ka hopohopo olakino. Ua pale aku ʻo Entine i nā huahana a nā keiki i loaʻa nā kemika. "Kakaikahi nā kemika i ka mākeke i kēia lā i nānā i ka ʻepekema e like me nā esters phthalate," i kākau ʻo Entine (Forbes) - akā ʻaʻole ia i haʻi i ka kino nui of hōʻike ʻepekema i hōʻuluʻulu ʻia ma loko o ʻelua mau makahiki e pili ana i nā hōʻike phthalate i hoʻomohala hānau kūpono ʻole in keiki kāne. ʻO ka leka me nā hōʻeha i nā mea kūkala nūhou; Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i kahi mea nūhou NBC nāna i hāpai i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana o ka "journalism shoddy." (Forbes). ʻO kā firm firm kamaʻilio, ESG MediaMetrics, hana PR no ka Ke Kula Nui Vinyl; ʻO ka vinyl plastic kahi kumu nui o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā phthalates. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i ka pili ʻoihana i kāna ʻatikala Forbes.

Ke pale nei i ka fracking

Hoʻopilikia ka Entine i ka haʻi ʻana o ka neʻe ("fracking"), ka pauma ʻana o ka wai kemika i hoʻowalewale ʻia i loko o ka lepo e haki i ka shale a lawe i ke kinoea maoli. E like me kāna mau huakaʻi leka uila ʻē aʻe, hoʻopūhū ʻo Entine i ka ʻepekema a me nā ʻepekema e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo, e kahakaha ana iā lākou ma ke ʻano he "activist," ʻoiai e hana nei i nā ʻōlelo nani a pili ʻole hoʻi e pili ana i ka ʻepekema "scrupious" i mālama ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he nui e pale aku i kona palekana. ʻO kahi laʻana, ua koi ʻo Entine: “Mai ke kuanaʻike ʻepekema, ʻaʻohe kumu e kū ai i ke ahiahi i hoʻohuoi nui e huli aʻe nā pilikia e pili ana i ke olakino a i ʻole nā ​​kaiapuni "mai ka fracking (New York Post).

Eia hou, ʻo nā hoʻouka kahi kī nui o ka leka uila. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou o New York Times no nā keiki hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i nā pilikia kūlohelohe o ka fracking (Forbes), hoʻouka kaua i ʻepekema ʻelua o ke Kulanui o Cornell no kā lākou noi ʻana e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o nā hana i ka methane (Forbes), a hoʻouka kaua i ka Park Foundation, e ʻōlelo ana ua "aneane hoʻokahi wale nō derailed shale-kinoea hoʻomohala ma methane-waiwai New York State, a kau i kona hiʻona ma ka lehulehu manaʻo a me nā kulekele hoʻoholo a puni ka ʻāina." (Pākaukau Poepoe Philanthropy)

Ke pale nei iā BPA

Kākau ʻo Entine i ka pale ʻana i ka bisphenol kemikal A (BPA), ʻoiai he kino nui o nā hōʻike ʻepekema e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana i kāna endocrine e hōʻoki ana i ka hiki a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me ia. Ua haʻi aku ʻo Kanada he mea ʻawaʻawa kēlā i ka 2010, a me ka EU pāpā ʻia ka BPA i loko o nā ʻōmole pēpē ma 2011.

Ua hōʻeuʻeu ʻo Entine i nā kānaka noiʻi kulanui, nā NGO a me nā mea nūpepa e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka BPA (Forbes), ua manaʻo ʻia ʻaʻole pono nā wahine i hāpai i ka hāpai keiki e hōʻino iā ia ma nā plastics (Forbes), a ʻaʻa i nā ʻepekema i hoʻopili i ka BPA i nā maʻi puʻuwai (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i ka Mana Nuclear

Pākuʻi pū ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana mana nukelea; ua koi ʻo ia nā mea kanu mana nukelea nohona maikaʻi a "ʻaʻohe mea ʻino e like me Chernobyl e hana ʻia ma ke Komohana." Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo ia iā Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes o ʻepekema "hōʻole," no ka mea, i waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe, e kuhikuhi nei i nā pōpilikia o ka hoʻokele waiwai a me ke kaiapuni o ka mana nukelea.

Nā hoa

He hoa uku ʻole ʻo Entine ma ke Center for Health and Risk Communication ma ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason (GMU) mai ka makahiki 2011-2014. nā mea hāʻawi manawaleʻa, a a kipa hoa ma ka American Enterprise Institute, kahi waihona manaʻo DC i kālā kālā ʻia i ʻāpana e hui kālepa a kālā ʻeleʻele nā hāʻawi.

E nana pū kekahi, ʻO Greenpeace Polluter Watch ʻaoʻao ma Jon Entine a me “ka moʻolelo huna o ka Genetic Literacy Project. "

Nā hui pili a me ka poʻe

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino
ʻO Geoffrey Kabat
ʻO Jay Byrne
Nānā ʻImi
Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo UC Davis
Nā Papahana Heluhelu Biotech 

Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila

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Na Stacy Malkan (hōʻano hou ʻia Mei 17, 2019)

ʻO DeWayne Johnson, kahi makuakāne 46 makahiki e make ana no ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ʻo ia ka mea mua i alo ʻO Monsanto i ka hoʻokolokolo Iune i hala aku nei ma muli o nā hoʻopiʻi ua hūnā ka ʻoihana i nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā maʻi maʻi ʻōpala o kāna Roundup weedkiller. Ua hoʻi mai nā Kiure me ʻekolu un unima verdicts ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā gicphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā herbicides he kumu nui ia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a me ka pae ʻana i nā pohō nui hoʻopaʻi e kūʻē iā Bayer (nona ʻo Monsanto i kēia manawa). Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā tausani he nui aku hale ʻaha mokuʻāina a pekelala, a me nā palapala ʻoihana e puka ana i waho o nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomālamalama ana i nā hana lima kaumaha i hoʻohana ʻia e Monsanto e hōʻole i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai a pale i ka kemika ʻo ia ka lynchpin o kāna loaʻa kālā.

“Monsanto ʻO kāna kahu ponoʻī ponoʻī nō ia no kekahi mau loiloi palekana, "ʻo Bloomberg i hōʻike, a me kahi luna o ka EPA ua kōkua ʻo ia iā Monsanto "Pepehi" i kahi noiʻi maʻi ʻino ʻē aʻe a kahi ʻoihana (ʻo kēlā aʻo ʻana, i kēia manawa i waho, ua hana e hoʻopaʻa i kahi loulou maʻi ʻaʻai i glyphosate). An ka hoʻokolokolo lanakila ma Le Monde nā kikoʻī pehea a Monsanto i hoʻāʻo ai "e luku i ka United Nations cancer cancer agency e kekahi hiki" e mālama ai i ka glyphosate. ʻO nā ʻatikala puke pai e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hōʻike Roundup i nā palapala hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma keʻakeʻa ʻoihana i loko o ka puke ʻepekema a me kahi keʻena hoʻokele pekelala, a me nā laʻana ʻē aʻe o "hoʻohaunaele i ka luawai ʻepekema. "

“ʻO kā Monsanto kākau lima a me ka mākaukau ikaika hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻepekema kani a me ke kaiāulu, "Kākau ʻo Tufts University Professor Sheldon Krimsky i Iune 2018. ʻO nā palapala i ʻike ʻia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," e wehe aʻe i ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka ʻepekema, kahi e hoʻoweliweli ai ke olakino lehulehu a me ke kahua pono o ke aupuni a ka lehulehu. "

Mai ia manawa, me nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomaka nei, ua ʻike ʻia nā palapala hou aʻe e pili ana i ka ka nui o nā hana a Monsanto o ke kaʻina ʻepekema, nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa lehulehu. I Mei 2019, nā mea nūpepa ma Palani ua loaʻa kahi huna “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Ua wehe nā loio i Farani i kahi ʻimi kalaima a Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer ke nānā nei i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR.

ʻO kēia kaua ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema kahi hopena nui no mākou āpau, e noʻonoʻo ana i ka hapalua o nā kāne āpau ma ka US a me ka hapakolu o nā wahine e ʻike ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai i kekahi manawa i ko mākou ola, e like me ka Ke Kuʻuna Cancer National.

ʻAʻole makemake nā palapala i ka ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻike ʻoe

No nā makahiki, ua kau ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana kemika i kā lākou mau maka i hoʻokahi pahuhopu kikoʻī i ka honua ʻepekema: ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i hana ʻia no 50 mau makahiki. ʻike i nā pōʻino maʻi ʻaʻai e hoʻomaopopo i nā kulekele i hiki ke pale i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

“E hakakā ana wau me IARC a mau loa !!! :) "ua kākau kekahi ʻepekema Kraft Foods mua i kahi ʻepekema Syngenta ma mua i ka leka uila i loaʻa ma o ka noi palapala moʻohelu ākea. "Ke hoʻopilikia ʻia nā meaʻai a me ag mai Glyphosate i Malaki 2015. Pono mākou āpau e ʻākoakoa a hōʻike i ka IARC, e like me kā ʻoukou i hana ai i ka pepa. ʻO nā mea mua aʻe nā meaʻai āpau: aspartame, sucralose, iron dietary, B-carotene, BPA, a pēlā aku e luku nei ʻo IARC iā mākou. ”

ʻO ka loea IARC hoʻoholo panel e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he “carcinogenic paha i kānaka” i hoʻokumu ai i kahi hōʻuluʻulu no ka ʻenemi o ka papa e hōʻiliʻili i nā pūʻali. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi palapala nui Monsanto ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ke kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻouka kaua: hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai me ke kōkua o nā mea kōkua a puni ka ʻoihana meaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia i 20 limahana limahana e hoʻomākaukau no ka hōʻike ʻo ka carcinogenicity IARC ma glyphosate, me nā pahuhopu e pili ana me ka "neenee i ka hopena," "hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu i ka IARC," "hoʻokele hoʻokele," "e hōʻoia iā MON POV" a me "hoʻopili i nā hui ʻoihana" i ka "huhū. ”

Ua hōʻike ka palapala i ʻehā mau papa o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" e kōkua i ka holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻekolu i kapa ʻia i loko o ka papahana PR: pale i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā kuleana maʻi ʻaihū "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi i ka uhi no nā ʻoihana hoʻoponopono" e ʻae mau ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate.

Ke wehe nei i ka pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto o nā “hoa hana ʻoihana”

ka Ua kāʻei ʻia nā hui hoa hana ʻo Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i nā ʻepekema IARC i komo i nā ʻoihana pobiide nui loa a me nā ʻoihana lobby ʻoihana nui; nā pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me Nā Pane GMO a me ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Meaʻai International; a "ʻepekema-y" kani nā hui mua e like Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi - hoʻohana āpau i nā leka like a kuhikuhi pinepine i kekahi i kekahi ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai.

Loaʻa nā palapala e ka US Kākau i ʻIke hoʻokolokolo hoʻomālamalama i ka hana like ʻana o kēia mau hui hui e paipai i ka "MON POV" e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka pono o nā pesticides a me GMO.

Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi o nā palapala i ke ʻano o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o nā mea lawelawe PR a Monsanto i ka “Academics Review” ma ke ʻano he neʻe leo kani ʻole e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻouka kūʻē i kahi papa inoa pahuhopu o nā ʻenemi, me ka hui ʻo Sierra Club, ka mea kākau ʻo Michael Pollan, ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Food, Inc. a me ka ʻoihana ʻokanika.

ʻO nā mea kālaiʻike o ka Review Review - co-hoʻokumu Bruce Chassy a ʻO David Tribe, Luna Nui ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻO ka luna kūkā kamaʻilio ʻo Monsanto ʻo Jay Byrne, a ʻo VP mua o ka hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech ʻo Val Giddings - kamailio akea in nā leka uila e pili ana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he hui mua e paipai i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana a ʻumeʻume kālā ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hūnā ana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO ka leka uila mai Eric Sachs, Monsanto'sS Science, Technology & Outreach Lead, iā Bruce Chassy

ʻOiai i kēia manawa me kā lākou puke pāʻani e hōʻike - a me kā lākou ʻike ʻia ke kālā mua ʻoiai e hele mai ana mai kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia e Monsanto, Bayer, BASF, Syngenta a me DowDuPont - Ke koi nei nā loiloi Academics ma kāna paena e ʻae i nā makana wale nō mai "nā kumu waiwai ʻole." Hōʻike pū kekahi ʻo Academics Review i ka holomua ʻole o ka loiloi ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC glyphosate ma nā ʻaoʻao he nui, "i ka he pou ʻimi ʻia e ka pūnaewele PR i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana Nā Pane GMO, ka hui mua i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a kahi ʻatikala Forbes na ʻO Henry Miller na Monsanto i kākau ʻia i ka ʻuhane.

ʻO Miller a me nā mea hoʻolālā Review Academics Chassy, ​​Tribe, Byrne, Sachs a me Giddings nā lālā o AgBioChatter, kahi hui leka uila pilikino i kū i ka papahana PR a Monsanto ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻelua. Nā leka uila mai ka papa inoa AgBioChatter kuhi ua hoʻohana ʻia e laulima i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma ka lobbying a me nā hana hoʻolaha e pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO nā lālā e komo pū ana me nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe, nā kākāʻōlelo PR a me nā kālaiʻike pro-ʻoihana, a he hapa nui o lākou e kākau nei no nā papaho pāʻoihana ʻoihana e like me Nā Pane GMO a Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, a i ʻole hoʻokani i nā hana alakaʻi i nā hui like o Monsanto.

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika ʻoi loa PR hana ʻO Jon Entine, hui pū ʻia me Academics Review e holo i kahi mau ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e hoʻonui maikaʻi i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a hoʻopaʻapaʻa no kā lākou deregulation. ʻO nā mea hoʻonohonoho pono ʻole e pili ana i nā kumuwaiwai o kā lākou kālā.

Hoʻonohonoho kēia mau hui iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he arbiters ʻepekema ʻoiai lākou e hoʻolaha nei i ka ʻike wahaheʻe a me ka pae ma kahi kokoke i nā hoʻouka kaua hysterical e kūʻē i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kahi hiʻohiʻona nui ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project, i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he "tier 2 ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka PR PR a Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup e pili ana i nā hopohopo i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer. ʻO kahi ʻimi no "IARC" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e lawe ana ma mua o 200 mau ʻatikala, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻa e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i "wahaheʻe" a "kipi e kuhi hewa" i nā pilikia olakino o glyphosate, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻana e pono e hoʻopau ʻia a hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai honua.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā ʻatikala anti-IARC i kau ʻia ma Genetic Literacy Project, a i ʻole hoʻokau ʻia e nā mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe, e nānā ʻole i nā hōʻike nūhou e pili ana i ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ke kākau nei i ka ʻaihue ʻana o ka ʻoihana i ka noiʻi ʻepekema, a ke hoʻolaha nei i nā kuleana o nā ʻoihana kemika PR hana a i ʻole ka nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni o a ka mea kākau moʻolelo me nā pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Monsanto. Ke kaua politika e kūʻē ana hōʻea i ke ala loa a hiki i Capitol Hill, me Republicans Republicans alakaʻi ʻia e Lunamakaainana Lamar Smith ke kāhea nei no nā hoʻokolokolo a ke hoʻāʻo nei e kāohi i kā US kālā mai ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua.

ʻO wai ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema?

ʻO ka lobbying a me ka leka ʻana a Monsanto e hōʻino ai i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC e pili ana i ka paio e pili ana nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana ana i nā loiloi e pili ana i ka pilikia i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Akā ʻoiai nā hōʻike noiʻikope waiwai mamuli o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ua kikoʻī, ke hōʻiliʻili nei nā hōʻike i ka loiloi ʻia o nā loiloi i ka glyphosate, ka mea i hilinaʻi nui i ka noiʻi i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ua hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia. nā paio o ka hoihoi, ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, mea hana gwrwritten a me nā ʻano hana ʻē aʻe o ka ʻoihana ikaika e hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka Professor Tufts Ua kākau ʻo Sheldon Krimsky.

"I pale aku i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana, kekahi o nā kia nui o ke kaiāulu kemokalaka o kēia ao, e kūʻē i nā ikaika e hoʻolilo iā ia i lima wahine o ka ʻoihana a i ʻole ka politika, pono kā mākou kaiāulu e kākoʻo i nā pale ahi ma waena o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a me nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a aʻo i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio a nā mea hoʻoponopono puke pai e pili ana i nā loina o ka pono ma hope o kā lākou kūlana ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Krimsky.

ʻAʻole ʻae nā mea hana kulekele ʻepekema i ulana ʻia e ka ʻoihana e alakaʻi i nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Pono ʻo Media e hana i kahi hōʻike ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā paio o ka hoihoi ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻoihana hui. ʻO kēia ka manawa e hoʻopau ai i ke kaua ʻoihana ma ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai Pono ʻo US e ʻike a me ka mea kākau o ka puke "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry."

ʻO ka American Council on Science and Health kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana mua

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Hoʻohou i Iulai 2019

ʻO ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kāhea iā ia iho he "ʻahahui kākoʻo aʻoaʻo ʻohana-ʻepekema" a hoʻolaha pinepine nā hoʻolaha media i ka hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa. Eia nō naʻe, nā palapala i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa hōʻike i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ACSH kahi hui mua ʻoihana e noi kālā mai ka paka, kemika, cosmetic, pharmaceutical a me nā hui ʻē aʻe i pānaʻi no ka pale ʻana a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kā lākou huahana. ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna kālā.

Nā palapala nui:

Hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH e pale aku i nā huahana Monsanto

Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma ʻApelila 2019 Ua ʻae ʻo Monsanto e hoʻolako kālā iā ACSH ma 2015 a noi i ka hui e kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate mai ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research. ʻAe ʻo ACSH e hana pēlā, a ma hope hoʻouka kaua i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma ke ʻano hehoʻopunipuni ʻepekema. ” Mālamalama nā leka uila i ka hilinaʻi o ACSH i ke kālā ʻoihana a me nā hana e hōʻoluʻolu i kāna poʻe kālā. ʻO ka luna hoʻokele mua o ACSH ʻo Gil Ross (ʻo wai hoʻolimalima manawa i ka hale paʻahao no ka hoʻopunipuni Medicaid) i kākau aku i kahi luna ʻo Monsanto, "I kēlā me kēia lā, hana nui mākou e hōʻoia i ko mākou waiwai i nā ʻoihana e like me Monsanto." Ua kākau ʻo Ross:

Hōʻike pū nā leka uila i kēlā Ua uku nā luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto iā ACSH ʻoiai ko lākou hōʻoluʻolu ʻole me ka hui. Ua alakaʻi ikaika ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein iā ACSH i kāna mau hoa hana, a hoʻouna iā lākou i nā loulou i nā ʻatikala 53 ACSH, ʻelua mau puke a me kahi loiloi pesticide āna i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL." Ua kākau ʻo Goldstein:

ʻO ka mea pāʻani nui i ka pūnaewele hoʻolaha a Monsanto

He hoʻokolokolo lanakila lanakila na Le Monde i loko o Monsantokaua ma ka ʻepekema"E pale aku i ka glyphosate i kapa ʻia ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino ma waena o nā" pūnaewele hoʻolaha kaulana "i hana nui i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. I Mei 2017, hoʻopiʻi nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate i ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o kahi pōkole: "Hoʻomoe mālie ʻo Monsanto i ke kālā e 'manaʻo wai' e like me ka" Genetic Literacy Project "a me ka" American Council on Science and Health, "nā hui i manaʻo e hoʻohilahila i nā ʻepekema a hoʻomālamalama i ka ʻike e kōkua ana iā Monsanto a me nā mea hana kemika ʻē aʻe."

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ua koho mua ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH e paʻi i kahi papa o nā pepa pro-GMO i hāʻawi ʻia i nā polofesa e Monsanto a "kalepa ʻia" e kahi ʻo PR e paipai nui iā lākou ma ke ʻano kūʻokoʻa. Ua kākau ʻo Monsanto executive Eric Sachs i nā polopeka: "I mea e loaʻa ai ka hopena nui o nā pepa, ʻo ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino e hana pū nei me CMA Consulting e hoʻokele i kēia papahana. E hāʻawi ʻia nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e pili ana i nā kulekele ma ka pūnaewele ACSH… E kūʻai aku nō hoʻi ʻo CMA a me ACSH i nā haʻiʻōlelo pili kulekele, e like me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā pono kikoʻī o ka pāpāho, e like me nā op-ed, nā blog, nā haʻi ʻōlelo, nā hanana, nā webinar, a pēlā aku. ʻO ka ua paʻi ʻia nā pepa by Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic me ka hōʻike ʻole o kā Monsanto kuleana.

i ka Hoike mai ka Hale Ahaolelo o US, ua ʻimi nā kānaka noiʻi ʻahaʻōlelo i ka hoʻohana ʻana o Monsanto i nā "hui kālepa ʻoihana, e like me CropLife a me nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana, e like me ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he kākoʻo no nā haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

Hōʻike nā leka ACSH i hōʻike ʻia i ka hoʻolālā kālā hui-pale

A pū ʻia 2012 Hōʻuluʻulu kālā ACSH hoike e ʻO Jones Jones ua hōʻike ʻia ua loaʻa kālā iā ACSH mai kahi nui o nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana me kahi kālā kālā i ka leka ʻepekema ACSH e paipai - a ua hōʻike i ka noi ʻana o ACSH i nā hāʻawi kālā a nā hui no ka quid pro quo huahana-pale kaua. ʻO kahi laʻana, outlines ka palapala:

  • Nā hoʻolālā e hoʻokumu i ka Vinyl Institute nāna i "kākoʻo mua i ka hōʻike mālamalama a me ke olakino"
  • Hoʻolālā e hoʻolālā i nā ʻoihana meaʻai no kahi hoʻolaha leka e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO
  • E hoʻolālā i nā ʻoihana cosmetic e kūʻē i nā "pressulate pressures" mai ka Campaign for Safe Cosmetics
  • Nā hana i ka ʻaha paka a me nā ʻoihana e-uahi paka

Ua hōʻike ʻo Mother Jones, "ʻO nā mea hāʻawi a ACSH a me nā mea hiki ke kākoʻo ʻia e ka pūʻulu e ʻimi nei ʻo ia ka mea o wai ka ikehu, ka mahiʻai, nā mea hoʻonani, nā meaʻai, nā soda, nā mea kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, a me nā ʻoihana paka." Nā kikoʻī kālā:

  • ʻO nā mea hāʻawi ACSH i ka hapa lua o 2012 i komo pū me Chevron, Coca-Cola, ka Bristol Myers Squibb Foundation, Dr. Pepper / Snapple, Bayer Cropsains, Procter a me Gamble, Syngenta, 3M, McDonald's, a me Altria conglomerate paka. Ua alualu pū ka ACSH i ke kākoʻo kālā mai Pepsi, Monsanto, British American Tobako, DowAgro, ExxonMobil Foundation, Philip Morris International, Reynolds American, ka Koch ʻohana Claude R. Lambe Foundation i mālama ʻia e ka ʻohana, ka Dow-pili Gerstacker Foundation, ka Bradley Foundation a me Searle Freedom. Hilinaʻi
  • ʻO Reynolds ʻAmelika a ʻo Phillip Morris International nā mea hāʻawi nui ʻelua i helu ʻia i nā palapala.

ʻO Syngenta kālā, pale Syngenta

Ma 2011, ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kahi puke e pili ana i ka "chemophobia" i kākau ʻia e Jon Entine, ʻo ia ka luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻO ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, kahi hui mua hana kēlā me Monsanto. Ua pale aku ka puke a ACSH o Entine i atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta, ka mea e loaʻa kālā ana iā ACSH.

A 2012 ʻAtikala ʻo Mother Jones wehewehe i nā kūlana e pili ana i ka puke. ʻO ka ʻatikala na Tom Philpott, i hoʻokumu ʻia ma kahi ʻāpana i nā palapala ʻoihana kūloko i loaʻa ʻia e ka Center for Media and Democracy, e wehewehe ana Nā hana PR a Syngenta e kiʻi ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe e wili i ka uhi media o atrazine.

I hoʻokahi leka uila mai 2009, Ua noi aku nā limahana o ka ACSH iā Syngenta no kahi $ 100,000 hou aku - "ʻokoʻa a ʻokoʻa hoʻi mai ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki" - e hana i kahi pepa ʻoluʻolu atrazine a me ka "booklet friendly-book" e kōkua i ke aʻo ʻana i ka pāpāho a me nā ʻepekema.

ʻO ka leka uila mai ka limahana ASCH ʻo Gil Ross i Syngenta e pili ana i ka papahana atrazine i manaʻo ʻia.

I hoʻokahi makahiki a me ka hapa ma hope, ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kā Entine puke me kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi ʻano like ia me ka papahana a Ross i wehewehe ai i kāna noi leka uila iā Syngenta: "Ua ʻoluʻolu ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino e hoʻolaha i kahi puke hou a me ka hoa aloha, ka pepa kūlana pōkole" i ka pane ʻana i ka "makaʻu hilahila ʻole o nā kemika. Ua hōʻole ka mea kākau ʻo Jon Entine i ka pilina me Syngenta a haʻi iā Philpott ʻaʻohe ona "manaʻo" e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH.

Nā limahana ACSH

  • Ko ACSH mau lōʻihi “Luna Hoʻokele / Luna Hoʻokele" ʻO Kauka Gilbert Ross ua hoʻohewa ʻia i kahi hoʻolālā e hoʻopunipuni i ka ʻōnaehana Medicaid ma mua o ka komo ʻana i ACSH. E ʻike i nā palapala o ka ʻaha e pili ana iā Dr. Ross 'mau manaʻo paʻa wahaheʻe a hoʻopaʻi, a me ka ʻatikala ma Mother Jones “ʻO Paging Kauka Ross”(2005). Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Kauka Ross he "kanaka hilinaʻi nui ʻole" e kahi luna kānāwai nāna i kākoʻo i ke kāpae ʻia ʻana o Kauka Ross mai Medicaid no 10 mau makahiki (e ʻike i ka mea hou Nā kūmole a pepa hoʻokolokolo).
  • I ka mahinaʻo Iune 2015, Lākana Hank lawe i ke alakaʻi ACSH mai kekahi hana naʻaupō peresidena (a hewahewa felon) Kauka Gilbert Ross. Campbell hana no nā ʻoihana hoʻomohala polokalamu ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka pūnaewele ʻEpekema 2.0 i ka makahiki 2006. I ka kāna puke 2012 me Alex Berezow, "Haʻalele ʻepekema ma hope: ʻike maikaʻi i nā fallacies a me ke ala ʻana o ka Anti Science hema," ua wehewehe ʻo Campbell i kāna moʻolelo: "ʻeono mau makahiki i hala aku nei ... ua hoʻoholo wau e makemake wau e kākau i ka ʻepekema ma ka Pūnaewele… me ka hoihoi ʻole a me ka manaʻo wale nō, ua hele au i ka honua nā poʻe kaulana e pili ana i ke kōkua ʻana iaʻu i ka hana hou ʻana pehea e hana ʻia ai ka ʻepekema, a ua hana lākou no ka manuahi. " Ua haʻalele koke ʻo Campbell ma lalo o nā kūlana ʻike ʻole ʻia ma Kēkēmapa 2018. E heluhelu hou aʻe e pili ana iā Campbell ma aneʻi.
  • ʻO ka mea kākau puke puke a Campbell, Alex Berezow, i keia manawa hope pelekikena o nā hihia ʻepekema ma ACSH. He hoʻoponopono hoʻokumu ʻo ia o Real Clear Science a aia ma ka papa hoʻoponopono o USA Today o nā mea kōkua akā ʻo USA Today ʻaʻole hōʻike i ka pili o ACSH o Berezow a i ʻole ke kālā hui ʻo ACSH me ka hoʻopiʻi pinepine (ʻike hou aʻe ma lalo).

Nā alakaʻi a me nā aʻoaʻo: ka pilina paka a me ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻilikai  

ʻO ka ACSH papa kahuʻO Fred L. Smith Jr., hoʻokumu o ka hoʻokūkū ʻoihana Institute, he alakaʻi ka mea kākoʻo i ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻilikai a kahi hui i loaʻa loaʻa nā kālā he miliona mai Exxon Mobile a kaʻa kālā kālā pouli Hilinaʻi Kākoʻo.  ʻO Smith a me CEI kekahi moʻolelo o ka hakakā ʻana i nā kānāwai paka a me ka noi kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana paka, e like me nā palapala mai ka Pūʻulu ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF. 

ʻO James Enstrom a ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, ʻelua mau epidemiologists nāna i lawe ke kālā mai nā hui paka a kākau i nā noiʻi e pale ana i nā huahana paka, he mau pilina ACSH kekahi. He lālā ʻo Dr. Enstrom o ka ACSH papa kahu a lawelawe ʻo Kauka Kabat ma ka “papa olakino o nā aʻoaʻo ʻepekema". He ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ epehana ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ Pka ʻka ʻka ʻka ʻekepekika ʻelua e “kū lōkihi i ke kālā a me nā pilina hana me ka ʻoihana paka,” e like me a pepa ma ka BMJ Kāohi paka.

I kahi 2003 i ʻōlelo nui ʻia pepa i ka BMJ, ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kabat a me Enstrom ʻaʻole e hoʻonui ka uahi lua i ka makaʻu o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai. Ua kākoʻo ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma kahi ʻāpana e ka Center for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), kahi hui ʻoihana paka. ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻia kēlā kālā, he ukali kālailai ʻana i ka BMJ Kāohi Paka ua loaʻa i nā hoʻolaha a Enstrom a me Kabat "ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka mea heluhelu i ke kiʻi piha o ka pili ʻana o ka ʻoihana paka me nā mea kākau noiʻi." Hoʻomaopopo ka pepa i nā pilina kālā ma waena o Enstrom a me ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua kūʻē ʻo Enstrom i kēia mau koi ma a ʻO ka ʻatikala 2007 ma Epidemiological Perspectives a me ka Innovation, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei i kāna kālā a me nā hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū i mōakāka a wehewehe pono ʻia i ka pepa 2003 BMJ, a ʻaʻole pili ka kālā ʻoihana paka i kāna noiʻi. "I kēia lā, ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia kahi kūpono ʻole, bias a haʻalele paha i ke kaʻina loiloi a ʻaʻohe hewa i nā hopena i ʻike ʻia i loko o ka pepa," wahi a Enstrom.

Nā leka uila mai ka hiʻona 2014 e kūkākūkā ana ʻo Kauka Enstrom me ka manaʻo hoʻopale ʻepekema kaulana ʻo Fred Singer i hoʻouka a hōʻino i nā ʻepekema ʻelua i komo i loko o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni “Nā mea kālepa o ke kanalua: Pehea ka lima o ka poʻe ʻepekema i hūnā i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ma nā pilikia mai ka uahi paka i ka hoʻomehana honua., "A inā e hoʻāʻo e hoʻōki i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o ke kiʻi me ka hoʻopiʻi. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike i ka blog DeSmog, “ʻO ka Paka Paka no ka Hire ʻO James Enstrom, Willie Soon a me nā Hōkū Deniers e hoʻouka nei i nā mea kālepa o ka kānalua.”(Malaki 2015).

ʻO Kauka Kabat kekahi ma ka papa alakaʻi o ka hui makua o ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua hana pū me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR ʻoiai e koi ana he kūʻokoʻa. E heluhelu hou aʻe e pili ana i kāna hana i kā mākou pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻO kā Geoffrey Kabat mau pilina me ka paka a me nā hui ʻenehana

Nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole e pili ana i ka ʻepekema 

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino:

  • "ʻAʻohe mea i hōʻike ʻia e pili ana i ka uahi lua me ka puʻuwai a i ʻole ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka naʻau." ʻO Winston-Salem Pai, 2012
  • "ʻAʻohe ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka hoʻomehana honua." ACSH, 1998 (Greenpeace i ho'ākāka 'ia ACSH kahi "Koch Industries e hōʻole i ka hui mua")
  • "ʻAʻole i loaʻa kahi hihia o ke olakino e pili ana i ka hoʻohana ʻia, ʻae ʻia o nā pesticides i kēia ʻāina." Hale Waihona Puke Palapala Paka, UCSF, ka holomua o ka hui ʻepekema kani palapala palapala 9, 1995
  • "ʻAʻohe mea hōʻike e hōʻike ana ʻo BPA [bisphenol A] i nā huahana mea kūʻai mai o kēlā me kēia ʻano, e like me nā loaʻa kālā, hōʻino ʻia i ke olakino." ACSH, 2012
  • i ka mercury, he neurotoxin ikaika, "i ka iʻa iʻa iʻa ʻole e hōʻeha nā kānaka." ACSH, 2010.

Ke hoʻomau nei ka leka ʻana o ACSH ma ke kumuhana like, e hōʻole ana i ka makaʻu mai nā huahana i mea nui i ka kemika, ka paka a me nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe, a me ka hōʻeha pinepine ʻana i nā ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hāpai i ka hopohopo.

  • A 2016 "luna ʻepekema junk" lāʻau kū e ACSH hōʻole i ka hiki i nā kemika ke kumu i ka hoʻohaunaele endocrine; pale aku i ka e-kūka, ka vaping a me ka soda; a hoʻouka kaua i nā mea nūpepa a me ka Pai no ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika.

Hāʻawi ʻo USA I kēia lā iā ACSH i kahi anuu 

USA ke hoʻomau nei i ka paʻi kolamu e nā limahana o ACSH ʻo Hank Campbell lāua ʻo Alex Berezow me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i kā lākou pili kālā i nā ʻoihana a lākou e pale ai i nā makemake. I Pepeluali 2017, 30 hui olakino, nohona, hana a me nā pono hoihoi o ka lehulehu ua kākau aku i nā luna hoʻoponopono o USA I kēia lā e noi ana i ka pepa e hoʻōki i ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi anuu o ka pono i ACSH a i ʻole ma ka liʻiliʻi e hāʻawi i nā hōʻike piha e pili ana i ka mea nāna e hoʻolilo kālā i ka hui.

Ua ʻōlelo ka leka:

  • "Ke kākau nei mākou e hōʻike i ko mākou hopohopo e hoʻomau ʻo USA Today i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu i kākau ʻia e nā lālā o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui i hoʻolako kālā ʻia me kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā papahana ʻoihana i kūlike ʻole me ka ʻepekema nui. . ʻAʻole pono ʻo USA i kēia lā e kōkua i kēia hui e paipai i kāna ʻike wahaheʻe ma ke ʻano he kumu hilinaʻi, kūʻokoʻa hoʻi i ka ʻepekema. Pono i kāu poʻe heluhelu ka ʻike pololei e pili ana i ka mea a me wai kēia pūʻulu e kū nei, ʻoiai lākou e noʻonoʻo nei i ka ʻike o nā kolamu. "
  • “ʻAʻole kēia he mau ʻōlelo hōʻino. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā pūʻulu olakino i kākau inoa ʻia ma lalo, ke nānā aku nei i ka hana a ACSH i nā makahiki i hala. Ua hoʻopaʻa mākou i nā hanana a ka hui i hana ai hoʻonāwaliwali ʻepekema hoʻololi aniau, a hōʻole i nā hoʻoweliweli olakino e pili ana i nā huahana like ʻole, e like me uahi luakūpilikiʻipesticides a hanalima Nine Inch - nā mea āpau me ka ʻole o ka mōakāka e pili ana i nā kākoʻo ʻoihana. "
  • Hoʻomaopopo mākou i kēlā pili palapala i loaʻa e Mother Jones e hōʻike ana ua loaʻa kālā i ka ACSH mai ka paka, nā kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā ʻoihana aila. Loaʻa i nā hui hoihoi o ka lehulehu hoike ua loaʻa iā ACSH ke kālā mai nā Koch Foundation ma waena o 2005-2011, a ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia palapala kūloko e hōʻike ana ua noi ʻo ACSH i $ 100,000 mai Syngenta i ka makahiki 2009 e kākau maikaʻi e pili ana i kāna huahana atrazine - kahi manawaleʻa e "kaʻawale a ʻokoʻa hoʻi mai ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki i hala."
  • "I ka manawa e nīnau ana ka lehulehu i ka pono o ka nūhou, manaʻo mākou he mea nui ia no nā paʻi e like me USA Today e hāhai i nā kūlana kiʻekiʻe o nā loina nūhou a lawelawe i ka lehulehu me ka nui o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me ka transparency i hiki. Nīnau aku mākou me ka mahalo iā ʻoe e hōʻole i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu hou aʻe i kākau ʻia e nā lālā o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a i ʻole ma ka mea liʻiliʻi e koi pono i kēlā me kēia mea e ʻike pono i ka hui ma ke ʻano he pūʻulu kākoʻo kālā i kākoʻo kālā ʻia. "

Ma Kēkēmapa 2017, USA I kēia lā ua hōʻole ʻo Bill Sternberg ka mea hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono e hōʻoki i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu ACSH a ua hāʻawi pinepine ka pepa i nā hōʻike kūpono ʻole ʻole no nā kolamu, a ʻaʻole i hōʻike aku i kāna poʻe heluhelu e pili ana i ke kālā a ACSH mai nā ʻoihana a lākou e hoʻolaha ai ka papahana.