Ithonya lobumbano eNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan: USolwazi Peter Phillips nemfihlo yakhe "ilungelo lokwazi uchungechunge"

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zamakhasi emibhalo yangaphakathi etholwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi ngokusebenzisa amarekhodi omphakathi izicelo ziveza ubudlelwano obuseduze - futhi obuyimfihlo - obuphakathi kweMonsanto, amaqembu ayo e-PR, neqembu losolwazi abagqugquzela ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides. Kwesinye isibonelo, uphenyo lwaveza imininingwane ngomsebenzi kaMonsanto UPeter WB Phillips, USolwazi Ohloniphekile e UJohnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, ENyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan.

Izambulo zazibandakanya ubufakazi bokuthi abasebenzi baseMonsanto kunikezwe futhi kwahlelwa iphepha elibhalwe nguPhillips, futhi wabamba iqhaza kwi "uchungechunge" oluvaliwe emphakathini UPhillips uhlele e-U of S ukuxoxa ngezinselelo zokubonisa ngale mayelana nobudlelwano bemboni. Le micimbi iphakamise ukukhathazeka ngethonya lemboni kule nyuvesi exhaswe nguhulumeni, futhi yagqugquzela amanye amalungu obuhlakani nabanye ukuba baqalise inselelo yezomthetho ukuzama ukuthola umbhalo othi "ilungelo lokwazi uchungechunge".

Leli phepha linikeza isizinda ngale micimbi, kanye nemibhalo evela ekuphonselweni inselelo kwezomthetho kanye nophenyo lwamarekhodi omphakathi. I-U of S ithe ibukeze umsebenzi kaPhillips ngokwesimo senqubomgomo yokuziphatha eyunivesithi. Ngenxa yalokhu, uPhillips "wakhululwa kunoma yikuphi ukungalungi," ngokusho kweCBC News.

Ukufakwa kwezindaba

Ukusebenzisana kweMonsanto kwakungekho ukubonakala  

Imibhalo etholwe ngamarekhodi omphakathi icela ama-imeyili achaza omunye umsebenzi kaPhillips neMonsanto. Okulandelayo ukubuka konke okutholakele nemisebenzi ephathelene nemibhalo.

Ngo-2014, umphathi wezindaba zesayensi yomhlaba wonke waseMonsanto u-Eric Sachs waqasha uPhillips nabanye oprofesa abayisithupha ukuba babhale izincazelo zenqubomgomo ngama-GMO. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi abasebenzi baseMonsanto izihloko eziphakanyisiwe nezinhlaka amaphepha, kuhlelwe umsebenzi kaPhillips, wahlanganyela nenkampani ye-PR, futhi wahlela ukuba kukhishwe amaphepha futhi iphakanyiswe nge Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project iwebhusayithi, okwenziwe akukhulunywa yendima kaMonsanto. UPhillips utshele i-CBC akakaze athathe inkokhelo kuMonsanto futhi ume ngemuva kwanoma yikuphi ukubhala negama lakhe.

Ngo-2015, uPhillips bameme abasebenzi baseMonsanto, izimboni ezibalulekile ze-PR, khetha abasebenzi be-faculty nabaseyunivesithi ku "Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know" e-U of S ukuxoxa ngenkululeko yemithetho yolwazi kanye nemithelela yokubambisana kwezimboni nezifundo. Uhlu lwezimemo lwakhiwe ngo ukubonisana no UCami Ryan waseMonsanto. Umcimbi uvaliwe emphakathini kanti inyuvesi yenqabile ukukhipha imininingwane ngawo.

Ngo-2017, iqembu elizibiza nge-Academic Integrity Legal Group, elinamalungu obuhlakani nabanye abaxhumene no-U of S, lazama ukuthola lo mbhalo kodwa lathi “babhaliswa yinyuvesi.” Ukuphindaphinda okunzima, cishe I-85% yombhalo kumnyama, "khombisa ukufihla ngenhloso," i iqembu labhala esicelweni somphakathi okuqoqe amasiginesha angaphezu kuka-1,800 XNUMX.

Ingxenye yombhalo obhalwe kabusha ovela ku- “Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know”

Icala lombhalo oqoshiwe libuyekezwe nguRon Kruzeniski, uKhomishani Wezokwaziswa Nobumfihlo waseSaskatchewan. NgoJuni 2018 Umbiko, uKruzeniski uthe inyuvesi ayisebenzisi ngendlela efanele umthetho wamarekhodi womphakathi futhi wancoma ukuthi kukhishwe ingxenye enkulu yombhalo. Inyuvesi yenqabile ukuyinikeza, nokwadala inselelo yezomthetho evela ku-D'Arcy Hande, umgcini wezinto zakudala osethathe umhlalaphansi e-U of S, egameni leqembu le-Academic Integrity. Inselelo yezomthetho, i-US Right to Know isize ukuyikhokhela, ayiphumelelanga, lapho inkantolo ikhiphe isinqumo sokuthi “kube nomthetho oyisisekelo wochungechunge olumise imfihlo.”

UHande uthe enkulumweni yakhe wathi lolu chungechunge lubonakale luyingxoxo engagunci mayelana nokuthi ungakulawula kanjani lokhu kulandisa, kunokuphendula izikhalazo, ngokusebenzisana nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane nale nyuvesi. Ngenxa yokuthi u-U of S uxhaswe umphakathi, ukholwa wukuthi umphakathi unelungelo lokwazi ukuthi kuxoxwe ngani.

“Kufana neklabhu yabafana endala.”

Isinqumo senkantolo siyamayelana, kusho uHande, ngenxa yokugcizelela kwakho ukusetshenziswa kweChatham House Rule (an isivumelwano esingahlelekile esetshenziselwa ukusiza izingxoxo zamahhala zezihloko ezibucayi) njengesizathu sokuthi imininingwane kufanele ihlale iyimfihlo. "Ukuthi ijaji licabange ukuthi kufanelekile ukuthi inyuvesi kawonkewonke ihlangane nabamele imboni embonini yomphakathi ukuze bakhulume ngokukhululeka ngaphandle kwezidingo zokubeka obala ngaphansi komthetho iChatham House Rule, kuyethusa impela lokho," kusho uHande. “Kufana neklabhu yabafana endala.” 

Imibhalo 

Umbhalo owenziwe kabusha we-U of S “Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know” 

Buyekeza Umbiko 298-2017 Ihhovisi Lokhomishani Wezokwaziswa Nobumfihlo Saskatchewan

Isikhalazo somphakathi esivela eQenjini Lezomthetho Lobuqotho

IGceke leNdlovukazi yaseNdlovukazi Isahlulelo, Hande vs U ka-S

Ama-imeyili ahlobene nochungechunge

Imema abalingani bezimboni ze-PR ku-U of S (Okthoba 2015). UPhillips uchaze inhloso yakhe yokuhlela uchungechunge mayelana nokuvakasha kuka UJon Entine (Iphrojekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo) futhi USolwazi Kevin Folta wase-University of Florida (abavikeli ababili abakhulu bama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane abasebenzisane kakhulu namaqembu ezimboni ngenkathi bethi bazimele). UPhillips ubhalele u-Entine noFolta: “Ngesikhathi ngizwa ukuthi nobabili nizobe senisedolobheni, kwabonakala kuyithuba elihle ukubiza isimpoziyamu encane yocwaningo ukuze kuxoxwe ngenhlangano ye-RTK [ilungelo lokwazi] kanye nomphumela wayo ongaba khona ekubambisaneni kwezimboni nezifundo. ”

Ingemuva, i-ajenda, abakhona (Novemba 2015). UPhillips uthumele i-imeyili i-Entine, i-Folta, abasebenzi ababili beMonsanto nabanye abachaza isidingo sokuhlangana ukuze kuxoxiswane ngokuhlolwa okwengeziwe kokubambisana kwezimboni nezifundo. Amagama iningi labamenyiwe nababekhona okungewona u-U we-S acishiwe.

IMonsanto iphakamisa abamenyiwe (Novemba 2015). UCami Ryan weMonsanto wenze iziphakamiso zohlu lwezimemo.

Ama-imeyili aphathelene namaphepha e-Monsanto / Genetic Literacy Project 

IMonsanto yabelwa amaphepha (Agasti 2013). U-Eric Sachs waseMonsanto ubhalele iqembu losolwazi okubandakanya uPhillips, “Sengiqale umsebenzi obalulekile wokukhiqiza uchungechunge lwemibhalo emifushane yenqubomgomo ngezihloko ezibalulekile enkundleni yezolimo ye-biotechnology… izihloko zikhethwe ngenxa yethonya lazo kumgomo womphakathi, isivuno seGM umthetho nokwamukelwa kwabathengi. ” Ucele uPhillips ukuthi abhale ngokuthi "umthetho osindayo" wama-GMO "uvimba kanjani lokhu okusha… okubalulekile ekusizeni ukwesekwa kokudla emhlabeni jikelele."

Isicelo esiphuthumayo sikaMonsanto sokuqhubekela phambili (Septhemba 9, 2014). AbakwaSachs bathumele i-imeyili kuPhillips ukumnxusa ukuthi abuyekeze ukuhlela okuphakanyisiwe ephepheni lakhe. "Le projekthi isendleleni enamandla manje," kubhala uSachs. Uchaze isu "lokuxhumanisa 'imibono' yomlobi kusuka kulolu chungechunge lwamafushane empikiswaneni ngezitshalo ze-GM nokudla esikholwa ukuthi kuzodalwa emasontweni azayo ngumbiko omusha wePhaneli yeNRC ngezitshalo ze-GM. Ngesonto elizayo kungokokuqala ngqa kokulalelwa kwezimvo zomphakathi e-US NAS [National Academy of Sciences] eWashington futhi kuzobonakala ukuthi ngubani ongomunye wabagxeki bezitshalo ze-GM abazofakaza. ” AbakwaSachs baqaphele ukuthi iGenetic Literacy Project “manje iyisikhungo esiyinhloko” samaphepha futhi “ibisakha uhlelo lokuthengisa” ngosizo lwenkampani yePR.

IMonsanto iphakamise ukuhlela (Septhemba 18, 2014). UPhillips uxoxe ngenqubekela phambili yakhe efaka ukuhlelwa kanye nezinguquko ezisuka kuCons Ryan kaMonsanto kumbhalo wakhe wenqubomgomo.

I-PR firm yabela amashejuli (Agasti 2013). UBeth Ann Mumford we-CMA Consulting, inkampani ye-PR esebenza noMonsanto, uxoxe ngamashejuli nezinsuku zokugcina neziprofesa. (I-CMA, eseqanjwe kabusha igama Bheka eMpumalanga, iphethwe nguCharlie Arnot, oyi-CEO embonini yezokudla exhaswa ngemali spin group Isikhungo Sokuqina Kokudla.)

Akukho ukudalulwa kwendima kaMonsanto (Disemba 11, 2014). Iphepha lePhillips, elinesihloko esithi "Imiphumela Yezomnotho Yemithethonqubo Yezilimo Zezakhi Zomzimba" lishicilelwa yi-Genetic Literacy Project kungadalulwa indima kaMonsanto.

Uxhaso lwezinkampani

Yize uPhillips ethe akatholi mali eqondile ezinkampanini, ucwaningo lwakhe lubonakala luthola ukwesekwa okuthile kwezamabhizinisi. IGlobal Institute for Food Security (GIFS), a isikhungo sokucwaninga esixhaswe yi uHulumeni we ISaskatchewan, iNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan neNutrien, inkampani kamanyolo, ibala iPhillips phakathi kwayo abacwaningi abaxhumene. Ngokusho kukaPhillips ikhasi lobuhlakani, imali yakhe yakamuva yocwaningo ihilela ukusebenzisana noStuart Smyth, usolwazi osebenza e-U of S ophethe iSihlalo Esicwaninga Ngezimboni Esikhokhelwa yi-Agri-Food Innovation. Lokho isikhundla sixhaswe ngu IBayer CropScience Canada, iCropLife Canada, iMonsanto Canada, iSaskatchewan Canola Development Commission kanye neSyngenta Canada.

Izimali zikaPhillips ziphawula ubudlelwano obubili neSmyth: $ 675,000 for a “IZIPHO-CSIP Strategic Partnership ”kanye“ nokuvuselela izimali zoMsebenzi Wokulondolozwa Kwesayensi Yezenhlalo njengengxenye Yezinhlelo Zokuklama Zokuphepha Kokudla Komhlaba Wonke, amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-37.5 ”avela eCanada First Research Excellence Fund Program (enebhajethi eyi- $ 1.31 million). Lesi sakamuva yi- iphrojekthi exhaswa ngumphakathi iyaqhubeka i-GIFS, ubambiswano lukahulumeni nezinkampani ezizimele ezibandakanya i-U of S, uhulumeni wasekhaya kanye nenkampani kamanyolo iNutrien (phambilini eyayiyiPotash Corp) ikhangisa imikhiqizo yayo njengoba kudingekile ekutholakaleni kokudla.

Imininingwane ehlobene  

  • Imboni yezolimo izibopho nokuxhaswa kukaStuart Smyth, Usihlalo Wocwaningo Oxhaswa Ngezimboni e-Agri-Food Innovation e-University of Saskatchewan, e-US Right to Know sheet sheet (6.1.20)
  • Boston Globe: UProfesa waseHarvard Wehlulekile Ukudalula Ukuxhumana KweMonsanto ku-Paper Touting GMOs, nguLaura Krantz
  • Umama Jones: Lawa ma-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uMonsanto uncike kothisha ukuze balwe nempi ye-GMO PR, nguTom Philpott
  • I-Bloomberg: I-Monsanto Yazihlanganisa Kanjani Izifundiswa Ukuba Zibhale Amaphepha Asekela Ama-GMO, kaJack Kaskey
  • Ingobo yomlando yemboni yamakhemikhali ye-UCSF iqukethe imibhalo engama-59 ebandakanya ukuxhumana kwePhillips nezimboni kanye nabalingani bemboni. Le mibhalo iyingxenye yomkhakha wezolimo iqoqo linikelwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi.

Quotes  

"Inyuvesi yethu akumele isebenze njengesiteshi sikasheleni yezinhloso zezinkampani futhi iphikisane nendelelo kaKhomishani Wezokwazisa Nobumfihlo esifundazweni… izincomo zayo eziphikisana nokuziqhenya okukhulu enkantolo."

Len Findlay, UProfesa Ohloniphekile U-Emeritus, U we-S (I-LTE, Isithungu)

Isinqumo senkantolo “siqinisa ukuvikelwa kwenkululeko yokufunda kanye nokuba ngasese. Inkululeko yokufunda ifaka amandla amalungu eyunivesithi yethu ukuthi aqhubeke nocwaningo nemibono - ngisho naleyo enempikiswano noma engathandeki - ngaphandle kokwesaba ukuphazanyiswa. ”

UKaren Chad, u-U we-S usekela-mongameli wocwaningo (Isithungu)

"Ngicabanga ukuthi iningi lezazi zokuziphatha zizoba nenkinga ngobudlelwano obuqinile [bukaPhillips] neMonsanto."

Umxhumanisi weSaskatoon uSteven Lewis, Umbhali osebenza naye ocashunwe kabanzi
I-athikili yeCanada Medical Association Journal mayelana
ubudlelwano beyunivesithi nezimboni (CBC)

“Ngishaqekile ngoba [ithonya lezinkampani emanyuvesi omphakathi] libonakala liba limbi ngokwengeziwe. Kunenkinga yangempela lapha. ”

U-profesa wezemfundo ka-S uWoward Woodhouse,
umbhali we Ukuthengisa: Inkululeko Yezemfundo kanye Nemakethe Yenkampani (CBC)

“Sikhuthaza ubuhlakani bethu ukuthi bahumushele ulwazi lwabo ezinkundleni zemigomo. Yilokho kanye uProf. Phillips akwenzile. ”

UJeremy Rayner, owayengumqondisi, uJohnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy (CBC)

Izibopho zomkhakha wezolimo zikaStuart Smyth nezimali

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UStuart Smyth, PhD, ukhuthaza futhi avikele ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane njengoprofesa osebenzisana naye eMnyangweni Wezolimo Nezinsizakusebenza eNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan. Kusukela ngo-2014, ubephethe uSihlalo Wocwaningo Oxhaswa Ngezimboni e-Agri-Food Innovation.

Imali yezimboni

Abaxhasi (abachazwe ngokuthi "Ozakwethu abatshala imali") kwesikhundla sikasihlalo wocwaningo lukaSmyth kufaka iBayer CropScience Canada, iCropLife Canada, iMonsanto Canada, iSaskatchewan Canola Development Commission (SaskCanola) neSyngenta Canada. Ngokusho kwe- U yewebhusayithi ye-S, "Inhloso yalo Sihlalo ukubhekana nezinkinga maqondana nokusetshenziswa kwemithetho njengezithiyo zokuhweba zamazwe omhlaba ezinamathuba amakhulu okuba nomthelela omubi ekuvikelekeni kokudla ngokuvimba abalimi bezwe abasathuthuka ekutholeni amathuluzi ahlukahlukene agcwele. Ucwaningo olwenziwe kuSihlalo luzohlinzeka le mboni ngocwaningo kusuka kokungathathi hlangothi, kepha oluzobamba izintshisekelo zemboni njengezihamba phambili. ” Izinkampani ezixhasa ngemali zihlala esihlalweniIkomidi Eleluleka Ababambiqhaza”Kusungulwe" ukuhlinzeka ukugeleza kwezindlela ezimbili zolwazi, ukuqonda kanye nempendulo phakathi kukasihlalo nabalingani abatshala imali. "

Ucwaningo lukahulumeni nolwangasese

Ucwaningo lukaDkt Smyth lugxile “ekusimameni, ezolimo, emisha kanye nokudla.” Ku-2015, wayeyingxenye yeqembu elikhulu lososayensi e-U of S abathole u- $ 37 wezigidi ku- Isikhwama Sokucwaninga Sokuqala saseCanada, uhlelo lwesibonelelo sikahulumeni, oluhlose ukuklama izitshalo ukuze “kuthuthukiswe ukuphepha kokudla emhlabeni wonke.” I- amaqembu ocwaningo asebenza ngaphansi kobuholi be i-Global Institute for Food Security (GIFS), a ukusebenzisana komphakathi nezizimele okubandakanya iNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan, uHulumeni waseSaskatchewan noNutrien, ongomunye wabakhiqizi abakhulu bemikhiqizo kamanyolo. Ngaphansi kwesiqubulo esithi "ukondla ikusasa," uNutrien imaketha imikhiqizo yayo yamakhemikhali njengokubaluleke kakhulu ekuvikelekeni kokudla.

Umnikelo waminyaka yonke ovela eMonsanto

Ku-imeyili kaMeyi 13, 2016, UMqondisi Wezindaba Zomphakathi Nezimboni eMonsanto Canada ucele uDkt Smyth ukuthi athumele i-invoice "yomnikelo walo nyaka" wokuxhaswa kohlelo.

Ukusebenzisana kwemboni

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know akhombisa ukuthi uDkt Smyth uhlanganyele kanjani ekuthumeleni imiyalezo nezinkampani zezolimo kanye nabalingani bemboni.

Ukuhlazisa i-IARC: Ku-imeyili kaMeyi 2016, UDkt. Smyth wazise abasebenzi baseMonsanto ukuthi ufake isicelo semininingwane kwi-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ukuthola isethulo esinikezwe nguChris Portier, usosayensi weqembu elisebenzayo le-IARC elithole ukuthi i-glyphosate iyingozi yomdlavuza womuntu. Imibhalo yangaphakathi futhi imboni yezokuxhumana khombisa ukuthi isu elibalulekile likaMonsanto lokuvikela i-glyphosate kwakungukuthi ukuhlasela okuhlasela i-IARC, futhi ikakhulukazi uDkt Portier.

Ku-imeyili eya kuMonsanto, uDkt. Smyth uthe ulindele ukuthi imininingwane azama ukuyithola ingahlinzeka "ngezizathu ezisobala zokungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo kanye nokungabi sobala." Uxhumanise ne-blog yi- "Risk Monger" (UDavid Zaruk, owayekade eyi-pesticide umkhakha we-lobbyist) esola ukungaziphathi kahle e-IARC futhi efuna ukuhoxiswa kombiko wayo we-glyphosate. KuTwitter, uDkt Smyth ucele ohulumeni bamazwe ukuthi bayeke ukuxhasa i-WHO ejensi yocwaningo lomdlavuza.

Ukunikela ngamaslayidi eMonsanto ukuze ahlelwe: Phakathi ku Novemba 2016 i-imeyili, UDkt. Smyth ubuze abasebenzi baseMonsanto ukuthi ngabe baneziphakamiso zokuthuthuka yini kuma-slides akhe okusalungiswa ukuze bethulwe emhlanganweni we-Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture. IICA ukubambisana we-Microsoft, Bayer, Corteva Agrisciences (DowDuPont) kanye ne-Costa Rica Ministry of Science ukukhuthaza ezobuchwepheshe njengesixazululo sokuthuthukiswa kwezolimo ezindaweni zasemakhaya.

Ukunikezwa kwephrojekthi ye-BASF / CropLife: In Februwari 2016 ama-imeyili, Umqondisi Wezebhizinisi we-BASF Wezokuvikelwa Kwezitshalo wafinyelela kuDkt Smyth ukuze baxoxe “ngeprojekthi encane esisebenza kuyo ngaphakathi kweCropLife Canada engingathanda ukuyifunda nawe.” UDkt. Smyth uvumile ukusetha umhlangano futhi uqaphele ukuthi "useBerlin ukuzokhuluma engqungqutheleni yokuphepha kokudla mayelana nezingozi zokudla ukudla okuphilayo nokuthi imboni yezimboni idinga ukwethembeka kanjani kubathengi mayelana nokuthi ukudla okuphilayo kukhiqizwa kanjani."

Ukukhuthaza ama-GMO kubathengi bokudla: Ngo-Agasti 2016, UCami Ryan waseMonsanto wazise uDkt.Smyth ukuthi wamphakamisela indawo yokukhuluma engqungqutheleni ezoxoxa ngemiphumela yokususa noma ukusebenzisa ama-GMO amancane esixukwini sabakhiqizi bokudla, abathengi abakhulu bokudla kanye namabhange okutshala imali.

Ukukhetha ukuphuma ku-biosafety: Ku-imeyili kaJulayi 2016 shintshanisa nombhali ovela ku- Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (iqembu eliphambili elixhaswe ngezimboni), uDkt. Smyth uxoxe ngesethulo ayesenzile mayelana nokuvikeleka kokudla emhlabeni wonke "ethi iCanada kanye ne-US badinga ukusiza amazwe ukuthi aphume Esivumelwaneni seCagagena mayelana ne-Biosafety nokuthi sidinga ukubiyela iYurophu ukuhweba ngezimpahla zomhlaba wonke. ”

Izingxabano ezingachazwanga

UDkt Smyth kanye neNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan badalula kuwebhusayithi ukuthi isikhundla sikaSihlalo sikaDkt Smyth sithola uxhaso lwezimboni zezolimo, kepha uDkt Smyth akahlali edalula imali yakhe yezimboni emaphepheni akhe ezifundo nasekuxhumaneni nomphakathi.

Kusuka a Iphepha le-2020 wabhala ngokubambisana ngemithethonqubo ye-biotechnology: "Sifisa ukuqinisekisa ukuthi azikho izingxabano ezaziwayo ezithinta le ncwadi"

Enye Iphepha le-2020 wabhala ngokubambisana ngokuphepha kokudla kanye nokuhlolwa kobungozi: "Ababhali baveza ukuthi abanazintshisekelo zezimali ezincintisanayo noma ubudlelwano bomuntu siqu obekungabonakala kuthonya umsebenzi obikwe kuleli phepha."

Phakathi ku Iphepha le-2019 enesihloko esithi, "Impilo yabantu iyazuza ezitshalweni ze-GM," kubhala uDkt. Smyth, "Angimemezeli ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo."

A Iphepha le-2018 kwiNew Phytologist Trust imemezele ukuthi "Azikho izingxabano ezingaba khona zentshisekelo ezidaluliwe."

A Iphepha le-2018 eFrontiers in Plant Science ithi, "Ababhali baveza ukuthi ucwaningo lwenziwa bungekho ubudlelwano bezohwebo noma bezezimali obungathathwa njengokuphikisana kwezintshisekelo okungaba khona."

Abezindaba abahlale bedalula uxhaso lwezimboni lukaDkt Smyth. Ngo-Mashi 2019, ngemuva nje kokuthi ijaji lomfelandawonye linikeze u- $ 80 wezigidi isisulu somdlavuza esidalulwe ku-Mousanto's glyphosate-based Roundup herbicide, uDkt. Smyth kuphikisana neNewsweek leyo glyphosate akufanele ivinjelwe. I-Newsweek yehlulekile ukudalula ukuxhumana kwezimboni kukaSmyth nombhali wakhe, UHenry I. Miller, kodwa kamuva wavuma ukuthi “ukuxhumana kwabo nemboni yezolimo kanye neMonsanto kwakufanele kudalulwe.”

Imiyalezo yezimboni

UDkt Smyth ukhiqiza ukusakazeka okungaguquki kwamabhulogi, ukubonakala kwemidiya kanye okuthunyelwe kwezokuxhumana ukugqugquzela nokuvikela imikhiqizo yezolimo nokuphikisana nemithetho. Ku-his Ibhulogi le-SaiFood, UDkt.Smyth uthinta izinzuzo zemfundiso yezitshalo ze-GMO futhi akhuthaze i-glyphosate njengoba kudingeka futhi iphephile, kwesinye isikhathi esebenzisa izinhlolovo zabafundi njengohlaka lokukhuthaza ukubukwa kwemboni.

Ibhulogi iyona moto eyinhloko yokuxhumana uDkt Smyth eyakhelwe isikhundla sakhe sikasihlalo wocwaningo, ngokusho kwenothi yokubonga wathumela eMonsanto, eSyngenta naseBayer ngoNovemba 2016, ebazisa ukuthi ibhulogi yakhe ivotelwe njengenye yamabhulogi angama-50 aphezulu eNyakatho Melika. "Ngaphandle kokwesekwa kwakho kulolu cwaningo, akukho kulokhu obekuzokwenzeka," kubhala uDkt Smyth.

Ku-Twitter, uDkt Smyth ukhuthaza ababhali be-PR bezimboni namaqembu aphambili embonini njenge Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo nokuhlaselwa njalo ama-NGO ezemvelo futhi umkhakha wezinto eziphilayo. Uye wathi, ngokwesibonelo, ukuthi "ubuthi bemvelo bamakhemikhali emvelo ephakeme kakhulu kunaleyo yezimboni, ”Nokuthi,“ Ukudla okungokwemvelo akunakwethenjwa noma kuphi, kungukudla kungenzeka ukubabulala labo ngubani odlayo. ”

Imininingwane engaphezulu ngobudlelwano bomphakathi obuhlangene

Ngeminye imininingwane yokuthi izinkampani zezolimo zixhasa kanjani izinhlelo ezahlukahlukene eCanada ukukhuthaza ukwamukelwa komphakathi kwezimbewu nezakhi zezolimo ezenziwe ngobunjiniyela, bheka lokhu okuthunyelwe ICanada Biotechnology Action Network ku-Corporate Public Relations.

INewsweek Ithola Imali Yesikhangiso kwaBayer, Iphrinta Ama-Op-Eds Asiza iBayer

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

INewsweek yehlulekile ukudalula ukuxhuma kwemboni yamakhemikhali yabalobi ababili bemibono abaphikisana namuhla ku i-op-ed leyo glyphosate ayikwazi ukulawulwa. Ukuphawula kukaHenry I. Miller noStuart Smyth, bobabili abanobudlelwano neMonsanto obungadalulwanga kulesi siqephu, kwavela kungekudala ngemuva kokuthi ijaji lesifundazwe linikeze isisulu somdlavuza u-Edwin Hardeman isinqumo esiyizigidi ezingama- $ 80 ngokumelene neMonsanto (manje osenguBayer), futhi wathi i-glyphosate-based Roundup herbicide yenkampani "iyinto ebaluleke kakhulu" ekubangeleni umdlavuza kaHardeman.

Ngonyaka odlule, sakhononda kumhleli wemibono weNewsweek mayelana nodokotela owaxoshwa uDkt ngokuya ngemithombo yomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane futhi akazange adalule izibopho zikaMiller's Monsanto. Bona okwethu ukushintshaniswa kwe-imeyili okuyinqaba nomhleli, uNicholas Wapshott, lapho enqabile ukwazisa abafundi ngokushayisana kwezintshisekelo. Wapshott unjalo akusenjalo kwaNewsweek, kepha ukuhlaselwa kokudla kukaMiller okuphilayo kusekhona ivela lapho, futhi namuhla bekuzungezwe yizikhangiso zeBayer ezikhuthaza i-glyphosate.

Izikhangiso zeBayer ezungeze ukuhlaselwa kukaDkt. Miller 2018 kokudla okuphilayo - Mashi 28, 2019

Namuhla i-op-ed kwiNewsweek, lapho uMiller noSmyth bavikela khona iMonsanto neRoundup, banikeze lawa ma-bios: UStuart J. Smyth unguprofesa eMnyangweni Wezomnotho Nezolimo futhi uphethe uSihlalo Wocwaningo Oxhaswa Ngezimboni e-Agri-Food Innovation e-University of Saskatchewan. UHenry I. Miller, udokotela kanye nesayensi yezinto eziphilayo zamangqamuzana, ungoMuntu Ophakeme ePacific Research Institute. Wayengumqondisi owasungula iHhovisi Le-Biotechnology e-US Food & Drug Administration.

Nakhu iNewsweek engazange ikudalule kubafundi bayo ngabalobi:

Izibopho zikaHenry Miller's Monsanto:

Izibopho zikaStuart Smyth's Monsanto:

  • UDkt Smyth ubuye abambisane nemboni yezolimo kumaphrojekthi we-PR, ngokusho kuka ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know futhi yashicilelwa ku-UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Archive.
  • Ama-imeyili asuka ku-2016 akhombise ukuthi uDkt Smyth uthola "ukwesekwa kohlelo" okuvela eMonsanto. I-imeyili evela kuMqondisi Wezindaba Zomphakathi Nezimboni eMonsanto Canada icela uDkt Smyth ukuthi athumele “irisidi yomnikelo walo nyaka.”

INewsweek inesibopho sokwazisa abafundi bayo ngokuxhumana kwababhali bemithombo yamakhemikhali nemithombo abaphikisana neNewsweek ngokuphepha kanye nesidingo semithi yokubulala izinambuzane exhumene nomdlavuza.

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