Iindaba zeBiohazards Tracker: Amanqaku aphambili kwi-SARS-CoV-2 imvelaphi, ii-biolabs kunye nophando lomsebenzi

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Nalu uluhlu lokufunda malunga nento eyaziwayo nengaziwayo malunga nemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2, iingozi kunye nokuvuza kwi-biosafety kunye neelabhoratri ze-biowarfare, kunye nemingcipheko yezempilo yophando-lomsebenzi (GOF), ejolise ekwandiseni Uluhlu lomkhosi, ukusasazeka, ukusuleleka okanye isifo sokubakho kwezifo ezinokubangela ubhubhane. I-US Ilungelo lokwazi ukuqhuba uphando ngezi zihloko kunye nokuthumela iziphumo kuthi IBhlogazards Blog.

Olu luhlu lokufunda ngumsebenzi oqhubekayo. Siza kuyihlaziya. Nceda uthumele ufundo olunokusilela eSainath Suryanarayanan apha sainath@usrtk.org.

Imixholo (yehla amakhonkco)

Uninzi lwamanqaku akutshanje

The New York Times. Iifowuni zemibuzo ethe kratya malunga nemvelaphi ye-coronavirus. UColin Butler et al. Epreli 7, 2021.

IWashington Post. Uluvo: Ingxelo ye-WHO ye-covid inesiphene, kwaye uphando lokwenyani alukabikho. UJosh Rogin. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesibhozo ku-Matshi 29.

CBS. Kwenzeka ntoni eWuhan? Kutheni imibuzo isalibele kwimvelaphi yecoronavirus. U-Lesley Stahl. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesibhozo ku-Matshi 28.

Newsweek. Abantu, hayi Izilwanyana, Kusenokwenzeka ukuba bathathe intsholongwane ye-COVID ukuya eWuhan, ngokuchaseneyo namabango e China. URowan Jacobsen. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesihlanu ku-Matshi 25.

Iileta zeKhemistry yendalo. Ngaba kufanelekile ukuba siyiphelise imvelaphi yelabhoratri ye-COVID-19? URossana Segreto, uYuri Deigin, uKevin McCairn, uAlejandro Sousa, uDan Sirotkin, uKarl Sirotkin, uJonathan J. Couey, uAdrian Jones kunye noDaoyu Zhang. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesihlanu ku-Matshi 25.

USA namhlanje. Ngaba ingozi ibangele i-COVID-19? Kutheni le nto i-Wuhan lab-leak ithiyori ingafanelekanga. UAlison Omncinci. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesibini ku-Matshi 22.

Indlu yabameli baseMelika. IKomiti yezaMandla noRhwebo. Ileta evela kwiRephabliki yeNdlu eya kuMlawuli we-NIH uFrancis Collins efuna ukuqhubela phambili uphando oluzimeleyo, lwenzululwazi ngemvelaphi yesifo se-COVID-19. UCathy McMorris Rodgers, uBrett Guthrie, H. Morgan Griffith. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesibhozo ku-Matshi 18.

Undark. Ukuvuza kwelebhu: Ingxoxo yezobunzululwazi ixakeke kwezopolitiko- kwaye ayisombululwanga. UCharles Schmidt. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesixhenxe ku-Matshi 17.

IWashington Post. Uluvo: Ihlabathi alikafumani ukuba lilawula njani uphando kwiintsholongwane ezibulalayo. UBrian Klaas. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini ananye ku-Matshi 11.

IWashington Post. Uluvo: Ulawulo lweBiden luqinisekisa ezinye kodwa ayizizo zonke izimangalo zikaTrump zeWuhan. UJosh Rogin. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesibhozo ku-Matshi 9.

Politico. Kwi-2018, oonozakuzaku balumkise ngovavanyo lweRisky Coronavirus kwiLebhu yaseWuhan. Akukho mntu waMameleyo. UJosh Rogin. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesibhozo ku-Matshi 8.

IWashington Post. Uluvo: I-WHO kufuneka iqale phantsi ekuphandeni imvelaphi ye-coronavirus. IBhodi yokuhlela. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesithandathu ku-Matshi 6.

Wall Street Journal. Abaphandi be-WHO kwizicwangciso ezilahliweyo zeNgxelo yethutyana malunga neProvo ye-Covid-19 Imvelaphi. UBetsy McKay, uDrew Hinshaw noJeremy Page. Ngomhla wamashumi amane ku-Matshi 4.

Wall Street Journal. Ileta evulekileyo: Biza uPhando oluPheleleyo lwezeNkundla lwaMazwe ngaMazwe nolungathintelwanga kwiMvelaphi ye-COVID-19. Ngomhla wamashumi amane ku-Matshi 4.

Yintoni imvelaphi yeSARS-CoV-2?

Iinkqubo ze-National Academy of Sciences. Ukumisa ubhubhane olandelayo, kufuneka sityhile imvelaphi ye-COVID-19. UDavid A. Relman. NgoNovemba 3, 2020.

I-Bulletin ye-Atomic Scientists. Ngaba i-SARS-CoV-2 virus yavela kwinkqubo yophando ye-bat coronavirus kwilabhoratri yase China? Kungenzeka kakhulu. UMilton Leitenberg. Isilimela 4, 2020.

i Telegraph. Ngaba intsholongwane ye-Covid-19 yaphuncuka kwilebhu yaseWuhan? UMat Ridley kunye noAlina Chan. NgoFebruwari 6, 2021.

Wall Street Journal. Ihlabathi lifuna uPhando lokwenyani kwiiMvelaphi zeCovid-19. UAlina Chan kunye noMat Ridley. NgoJanuwari 15, 2021.

New York Magazine. Ilebhu evuzayo yelebhu. UNicholson Baker. NgoJanuwari 4, 2021.

IWashington Post. Uluvo: I-US kufuneka ityhile ubukrelekrele bayo malunga nelebhu yaseWuhan. IBhodi yokuhlela. NgoFebruwari 22, 2021.

Newsweek. Beijing Kufuneka Ucoceke Nge-COVID-19 Imvelaphi | Izimvo. UJamie Metzl. NgoJanuwari 22, 2021

Wall Street Journal. Ngoobani aBaphandi beCovid? Amalungu ophando lwemvelaphi ye-WHO aneengxabano zomdla. IBhodi yokuhlela. NgoFebruwari 15, 2021.

I-Bulletin ye-Atomic Scientists.NGUBANI: I-COVID-19 ayivuzanga kwilebhu. Kwakhona i-WHO: Mhlawumbi yenzekile. UFilipa Lentzos. NgoFebruwari 11, 2021.

IWashington Post. Emva kwemishini ye-Wuhan kwimvelaphi yesifo, iqela le-WHO ligxotha i-lab yokuvuza kwethiyori. UGerry Shih kunye noEmily Rauhala. NgoFebruwari 9, 2021.

Bloomberg. Asazi nangoku ukuba i-Covid-19 isuka phi. UFaye Flam. NgoJanuwari 12, 2021.

Amayeza endalo. Kwimvelaphi yeSARS-CoV-2. UAngela Rasmussen. NgoJanuwari 13, 2021.

IWashington Post. Iintambo zeSebe likaRhulumente zilumkise ngemicimbi yezokhuseleko kwilebhu yaseWuhan efunda i-bat coronaviruses. UJosh Rogin. Epreli 14, 2020.

BBC. U-Covid: Isazinzulu sase-Wuhan 'siyakwamkela' ukutyelelwa kuphononongo lwethabhu yokuvuza. UJohn Sudworth. UDisemba 22, 2020.

Houston Chronicle. Isazinzulu se-UTMB siyavuma umngcipheko wokhuseleko kwilebhu yaseTshayina esenza uphando nge-coronavirus. UNick Powell. Epreli 23, 2020. 

The Wall Street Journal. I-NIH icinezela i-US engenzi nzuzo ngolwazi lwe-Wuhan virology lab. UBetsy McKay. Nge-19 ka-Agasti ka-2020.  

Ijenali yeWall Street. Ke ivelaphi intsholongwane? UMat Ridley. Ngomhla wama-29, 2020. 

IZiko leSizwe laseFrance loPhando lwezeNzululwazi (CNRS) Imvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2 ibuzwa kakhulu. Yaroslav Pigenet. NgoNovemba 9, 2020.

Ixesha. Iqale njani iCovid-19? Ukuzingela isigulana zero kuye kwabanjwa kungqubano lwamandla amakhulu. UTom Whipple. UDisemba 31, 2020.

CNET. Ukuzingelwa okujijekileyo, okungcolileyo kwemvelaphi ye-COVID-19 kunye nethiyori yokuvuza kwelebhu. UJackson Ryan. NgoJanuwari 19, 2021.

Imagazini yaseBoston. Ngaba i-COVID-19 ingabalekela kwilebhu? URowan Jacobsen. NgoSeptemba 9, 2020. 

indalo. Eyona mfihlakalo inkulu: yintoni eya kuthatha umkhondo wecoronavirus source. UDavid Cyranoski. Nge-5 kaJuni 2020.

IWashington Post. Isebe likaRhulumente likhupha intambo ephehlelele amabango okuthi i-coronavirus iphume kwilebhu yase-China. UJohn Hudson kunye noNate Jones. Nge-17 kaJulayi 2020. 

NBC News. Ingxelo ithi idatha yeselfowuni iphakamisa ukuvalwa kuka-Okthobha kwilebhu yaseWuhan, kodwa iingcali ziyathandabuza. UKen Dilanian, uRuaridh Arrow, uCourtney Kube, uCarol E. Lee, uLouise Jones kunye noLorand Bodo. Ngomhla we-9, 2020. 

Ixesha. Kutyhilwe: Isixhenxe seminyaka umzila wecoronavirus osuka ekufeni kwam uye kwilebhu yaseWuhan. UGeorge Arbuthnott, uJonathan Calvert, noPhilip Sherwell. Nge-4 kaJulayi 2020.

ISouth China Morning Post. Abacuphi be-coronavirus be-WHO bajonge kwimakethi yaseWuhan njengemephu engachazwanga. UJohn Power kunye noSimone McCarthy. NgoDisemba 15, 2020.

BBC. Wuhan: Isixeko sokuthula; Ukujonga iimpendulo kwindawo eyaqala kuyo i-coronavirus. UJohn Sudworth. Julayi 2020.

I-New York Times, Imibuzo esi-8 evela kumcuphi wesifo kwimvelaphi yesifo. UWilliam J. Broad. Nge-8 kaJulayi 2020.

The New York Times. Ekuzingeleni uMthombo weVirus, i-WHO mayiyeke iTshayina ithathe uxanduva. USelam Gebrekidan, UMat Apuzzo, Amy Qin kwaye . NgoNovemba 2, 2020.

The Wall Street Journal. Ngentshukumo enqabileyo, iiarhente zobukrelekrele zase-US ziyaqinisekisa ukuphanda ukuba ngaba i-coronavirus ivele kwingozi yelebhu. UWarren P. Strobel kunye noDustin Volz. Epreli 30, 2020.

Guardian. Ukungahoyi iingcamango zobuqhetseba: Oososayensi bayazi ukuba iCovid-19 ayizange yenziwe ebhodini. UPeter Daszak. NgoJuni 9, 2020. 

Daily Telegraph. Izazinzulu zithi i-COVID-19 inokuba iphekiwe elebhu. USharri Markson. Nge-1 kaJuni 2020.

Sayensi. UTrump 'unetyala kuthi.' Isazinzulu saseTshayina esikumbindi we-COVID-19 imvelaphi yethiyori iyathetha. UJon Cohen. Julayi 24, 2020.

Sayensi. Phendula kwiMagazini yeNzululwazi: Shi Zhengli Q&A. Shi Zhengli. Nge-15 kaJulayi 2020.

Minerva. Iingxelo ezichaseneyo ziphosa amathandabuzo kwidatha yaseTshayina eluhlaza. UAksel Fridstrøm. NgoSeptemba 10, 2020. 

Minerva. Eyona nkcazo isengqiqweni kukuba ivela kwilabhoratri. UAksel Fridstrøm kunye noNils Agasti Andresen. Nge-2 kaJulayi 2020. 

Iindaba zeNzululwazi ezizimeleyo. Ityala liyakha ukuba i-COVID-19 inemvelaphi yelab. UJonathan Latham kunye no-Allison Wilson. Nge-5 kaJuni 2020.

Iindaba zeNzululwazi ezizimeleyo. Imvelaphi ecetywayo ye-SARS-CoV-2 kunye nobhubhane we-COVID-19. UJonathan Latham kunye no-Allison Wilson. Nge-15 kaJulayi 2020.

I-Sam Husseini Blog. Ukubuza iCDC: Ngaba yinto eyenzekileyo ukuba i-China ye-BSL4 kuphela eseWuhan? Umsindo nevidiyo. USam Husseini. Epreli 17, 2020.

Ukubukela. UWuhan kunye nososayensi base-US basebenzise iindlela ezingabonakaliyo zobunjineli bemfuza kwii-bat coronaviruses. UJonathan Matthews noClaire Robinson. Ngomhla we-20, 2020. 

Intatheli yoLwaphulo-mthetho. Andrew Kimbrell kwimvelaphi ye-COVID-19. URussell Mokhiber. Nge-11 ka-Agasti ka-2020.

Ukubukela. Ngaba intsholongwane ye-COVID-19 yenziwa yemfuza? UJonathan Matthews. Epreli 22, 2020.

Ukubukela. Kutheni le nto ilebhu ibaleka ukungavumi bexoka ubuxoki obunje? UJonathan Matthews. NgoJuni 17, 2020. 

Ukuthintela. Ekuzimiseleni kwakhe ukutyhola iTshayina ngeCoronavirus, uLawulo lukaTrump Luyathintela uPhando kuQalo lweZifo. UMara Hvistendahl. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesithandathu ku-Meyi ngo-19.

ISouth China Morning Post. I-WHO inika uluhlu lomqolo kwiqela lamanye amazwe elijonge kwimvelaphi ye-coronavirus. USimone McCarthy. NgoNovemba 25, 2020.

Ukungaphumeleli kokubonakalayo kunye noxinzelelo lobungqina ngokubhekisele kwi-COVID-19

I-Press Associated. I-China ibambelela ekuzingeleni okufihliweyo kwimvelaphi ye-coronavirus. UDake Kang, uMaria Cheng kunye noSam McNeil. UDisemba 30, 2020.

Ijenali yeWall Street. Emhlabeni e-Wuhan, imiqondiso ye-China emisa iphenyo yemvelaphi ye-coronavirus. UJeremy Page kunye noNatasha Khan. Ngomhla we-12, 2020.

The New York Times. Iintsuku ezingama-25 eziTshintshe iHlabathi: Indlela iCovid-19 ityibilika ngayo iChina. UChris Buckley, uDavid D. Kirkpatrick, uAmy Qin noJavier C. Hernández. UDisemba 30, 2020.

I-New York Times. Intatheli Yabemi baseTshayina Igwetywe Isithuba seminyaka emi-4 yokuNgxelo ngoCovid. UVivian Wang. UDisemba 28, 2020.

IPublica. Amaxwebhu aVuzayo abonisa ukuba umkhosi waseTshayina ohlawulelweyo kwiitrola ze-Intanethi uncede njani kwiCoronavirus. URaymond Zhong, uPaul Mozur, uAaron Krolik noJeff Kao. UDisemba 19, 2020.

The New York Times. I-China ihambisa ubuxoki ukutyhala umbono wokuba intsholongwane ivela kwenye indawo. UJavier C. Hernández. NgoDisemba 6, 2020.

Bloomberg. I-China yenza ukuba kube nzima ukusombulula imfihlakalo yendlela uCovid aqala ngayo. UDisemba 30, 2020.

Financial Times. Imithombo yeendaba yaseTshayina inyusa iphulo lokufumana udaka kwimvelaphi yeCovid. UMalusi ongumKristu. NgoNovemba 26, 2020.

Iindaba zeSky Australia. Ukukhutshwa kwe-imeyile kutyhila 'akukho nyaniso okanye ukungafihli nto' kwileta emalunga nemvelaphi ye-COVID-19. USharri Markson. NgoNovemba 22, 2020.

Iingozi, ukuvuza, ukungaphumeleli kokunqongophala, ukungaphumeleli kokungafihli kumancedo okhuseleko

INew Yorker. Umngcipheko wokwakha iilebhu ezininzi ze-bio. Elizabeth Eves Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesibhozo ku-Matshi 18. 

I-Bulletin ye-Atomic Scientists. Impazamo yoluntu kwiilebhu eziphezulu ze-biocontainment: isoyikiso sobhubhane. ULynn Klotz. NgoFebruwari 25, 2019. 

IZiko likaJames Martin lokungazibandakanyi Studies. Isikhokelo sokuphanda ukuvela kwemvelaphi: Indalo xa ithelekiswa neLebhu. URichard Pilch, uMiles Pomper, uJill Luster, noFilippa Lentzos. Oktobha 2020.

ProPublica. Nazi iingozi ezintandathu abaphandi be-UNC abanee-coronaviruses ezenziwe ilebhu. UAlison Young kunye noJessica Blake. Nge-17 ka-Agasti ka-2020. 

CBC. Isazinzulu saseCanada sathumela iintsholongwane ezibulalayo kwiilebhu zaseWuhan kwiinyanga ngaphambi kokuba iRCMP icele ukuphanda. Juni 16, 2020.

Iindaba zeFrederick-Post. Iziphumo zokuhlolwa kweCDC zibonisa ngakumbi malunga nokumiswa kophando lwe-USAMRIID. UHeather Mongilio. NgoNovemba 23, 2019. 

Amaziko oLawulo lweNtsholongwane kunye noThintelo (CDC) kunye neSebe lezoLimo laseMelika. IZiko laseMelika loPhando lwezoNyango lweZifo eziSulelayo (i-USAMRIID): inkcazo yenkcazo yeziphumo zohlolo. Nge-Agasti 2019.

IOfisi yoXanduva kaRhulumente wase-US. Iilabhoratri ezineziqulatho eziphezulu: Imigaqo-nkqubo ebanzi nehlaziyiweyo kunye neendlela ezomeleleyo zokongamela ezifunekayo ukuphucula ukhuseleko. Epreli 19, 2016. GAO-16-305. 

USA namhlanje. Iziganeko ezili-10 zifunyenwe kwii-biolabs zesizwe. UAlison Young kunye noNick Penzenstadler. Ngomhla wama-29 ku-Meyi 2015. 

I-Bulletin ye-Atomic Scientists. Ubhubhane olusongelayo kunye nokusaba elebhu: ukuzalisekisa iziprofeto. UMartin Furmanski. Ngomhla wamashumi amathathu ananye ku-Matshi 31.

Iziko loLawulo lweeArms kunye nokungaHleli. Ilabhoratri Escapes kunye no "Ukuzifeza ngokwakho isiprofeto" Ubhubhane. UMartin Furmanski. NgoFebruwari 17, 2014.

IBhunga loPhando leLizwe. Imiceli mngeni kukhuseleko lwe-biosecfand yokwanda okupheleleyo kweelebhu zebhayoloji ezinezinto eziphezulu: isishwankathelo secweyo. 2012. IWashington, DC: Icandelo leendaba leSizwe lezeMfundo. https://doi.org/10.17226/13315 

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Indlu yabameli baseMelika. IKomiti yezaMandla noRhwebo. Ukuva kuLiso lwaMazwe oluBumbeneyo lweeBiolaboratories eziPhezulu, enye yekhulu leShumi elinanye leNkongolo. Nge-22 kaSeptemba ngo-2009.

BMJ. Ukophulwa kwemigaqo yezokhuseleko kusenokwenzeka ukuba kungunobangela wokuqhambuka kweSARS, utshilo uWHO. UJane Parry. Meyi 22, 2004. ikhonkco: 10.1136 / bmj.328.7450.1222-b

Iindaba zeNzululwazi ezizimeleyo. Imbali ende yokukhutshwa ngengozi kwebhubhoratri yezifo ezinokubangela ubhubhane ayikhathalelwa kwi-COVID-19 yemithombo yeendaba. USam Husseini. Ngomhla we-5, 2020.

Ukubukela. I-COVID-19: Umnxeba wokuvuka we-biosafety. UJonathan Matthews. Epreli 24, 2020. 

USA namhlanje. I-CDC ayiphumelelanga ukuveza izehlo zelebhu kunye ne-bioterror pathogen kwiCongress. UAlison Omncinci. Nge-24 kaJuni, 2016.

Ixesha lehlabathi. Isikhokelo se-Biosafety sikhutshiwe ukulungisa ukungabikho kolawulo okungapheliyo kwiilebhu zentsholongwane. U-Liu Caiyu kunye no-Leng Shumei. NgoFebruwari 16, 2020.

Iindaba ze-CBS. Uphando: Inkampani yase-US ibungled impendulo ye-Ebola. Imithombo yeendaba edibeneyo. Ngomhla wesixhenxe ku-Matshi 7. 

Ukubukela. Ithiyori yokuvavanywa kwelabhoratri yemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2. UClaire Robinson. Julayi 16, 2020. 

Iinethiwekhi ze-biodefense kunye ne-biowarfare 

Isaluni. Ngaba le ntsholongwane ivela kwilebhu? Mhlawumbi hayi - kodwa ityhila isoyikiso somdyarho weengalo ze-biowarfare. USam Husseini. Epreli 24, 2020.

Iindaba zeNzululwazi ezizimeleyo. Umdibaniso kaPeter Daszak we-EcoHealth Ubufihlile phantse i-40 yezigidi zeedola kwiPentagon Funding nakwisayensi yesifo esibambekayo.. USam Husseini. UDisemba 16, 2020.

I-Sam Husseini Blog. Ukuthintela ukujonga kwethu kwi-biowarfare: ubhubhane kunye nokuzalisekisa iziprofeto. USam Husseini. Ngomhla we-2020. 

IBoston Globe. Umtsalane wezixhobo ze-bio. UBernard Lown kunye noPrasannan Parthasarathi. NgoFebruwari 23, 2005. 

Iziko leMonterey leziFundo zaMazwe ngaMazwe. I-Beijing kwi-biohazards: Iingcali zaseTshayina kwimicimbi ye-bioweapons yokungaqhubeki. Amy E. Smithson, uMhleli. Nge-Agasti ka-2007. IZiko likaJames Martin leZifundo ezingahambelani nokuSebenza.

Amasiko abulalayo: Izixhobo zebhayiloji ukusukela ngo-1945. UMark Wheelis, uLajos Rózsa, kunye noMalcolm Dando (Abahleli). Icandelo leendaba laseHarvard University, 2006.

Biowarfare kunye nobunqolobi. UFrancis Boyle. Ukucaciswa kweendaba, Inc.

Ukuthintela ugqatso lwezixhobo zebhayoloji. USusan Wright (uMhleli). Imithombo yeendaba ye-MIT, 1990. 

I-Biohazard. UKen Alibek kunye noStephen Handelman. Indlu engaqhelekanga: ENew York, 1999. 

Iingxoxo malunga nophando lomsebenzi

Icandelo leendaba leSizwe lezeMfundo. Imingcipheko enokubakho kunye nezibonelelo zophando-lomsebenzi: isishwankathelo sendibano. 2015. 

Forbes. Ngaba kufuneka sivumele izazinzulu ukuba zenze iintsholongwane eziyingozi? USteven Salzberg. Okthobha 20, 2014. 

Iqela elisebenzayo leCambridge. Isiteyitimenti sokuvumelana kweCambridge Working Group malunga nokudalwa kwezinto ezinokubangela ubhubhane (PPPs). Nge-14 kaJulayi ngo-2014. 

mBio. Ngaba ukulinganiselwa kwexabiso lesayensi kuvavanyo olunokubangelwa sisifo sepathogen kungathethelela umngcipheko? UMarc Lipsitch. Okthobha 14, 2014. doi: https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.02008-14 

mBio. Uphando ngoPhezulu lwePathogenic H5N1 Intsholongwane yomkhuhlane: Indlela eya phambili. U-Anthony S. Fauci. NgoSeptemba-Okthobha 2012, 3 (5): e00359-12. ikhonkco: 10.1128 / mBio.00359-12

Amayeza e-PLoS. Iindlela ezizezinye zokuziphatha kulingo olunokubakho kwiintsholongwane. UMarc Lipsitch kunye noAlison Galvani. 2014. 11 (5): e1001646. ikhonkco: 10.1371 / journal.pmed.1001646  

Amaphepha enzululwazi ngemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2

Iileta zeKhemistry yendalo. Ukulandelela imvelaphi ye-SARS-COV-2 kwii-coronavirus phylogenies: uphononongo. U-Erwan Sallard, uJosé Halloy, uDidier Casane, uEtienne Decroly noJacques van Helden. NgoFebruwari 4, 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-020-01151-1

Lancet. Iimpawu zonyango zabaguli abosulelwe yimbali yenqaku lika-2019 eWuhan, China. UChaolin Huang et al. NgoJanuwari 30, 2020. Umqulu 395: 497-506. 

Uhlobo. Ukuqhambuka kwenyumoniya okunxulunyaniswa ne-coronavirus entsha yemvelaphi yelulwane. UPeng Zhou, Xing-Lou Yang, Xian-Guang Wang, Ben Hu,… kunye noZheng-Li Shi. NgoFebruwari 3, 2020. 579 (7798): 270-273. ikhonkco: 10.1038 / s41586-020-2012-7

Uhlobo. Isihlomelo: Ukuqhambuka kwenyumoniya okunxulunyaniswa ne-coronavirus entsha yemvelaphi yelulwane. UPeng Zhou, Xing-Lou Yang, Xian-Guang Wang, Ben Hu,… no Zheng-Li Shi. NgoNovemba 17, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2951-z

Nature Medicine. Imvelaphi ephambili ye-SARS-CoV-2. UKristian G. Andersen, uAndrew Rambaut, uW.Ian Lipkin, uEdward C. Holmes, uRobert F. Garry. Aprili 2020. Umqulu 26, iphepha 450-455. 

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BioEssays. Ngaba kunokwenzeka ukuba i-SARS ‐ CoV-2 ivele ngendlela yokudlula kwezilwanyana okanye inkcubeko yeseli? UKarl Sirotkin kunye noDan Sirotkin. Nge-12 ka-Agasti ka-2020. https://doi.org/10.1002/bies.202000091

Imida kwiMpilo yoLuntu. I-Lethal pneumonia amatyala e-Mojiang miners (2012) kunye ne-mineshaft inokunika imikhondo ebalulekileyo kwimvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2. Monali Rahalkar kunye noRahul Bahulikar. NgoSeptemba 17, 2020. doi: 10.3389 / fpubh.2020.581569

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UZenodo. Iqale phi i-2019 yeCoronavirus Pandemic kwaye yaSasazeka njani? Isibhedlele Somkhosi Wokukhululwa Kwabantu eWuhan China kunye noMgca 2 wenkqubo yeWuhan Metro ziimpendulo eziqinisekileyo. USteven Carl Quay. Okthobha 28, 2020. doi: 10.5281 / zenodo.4119262

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Amanqaku ebhlog ophando ngemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2

phakathi. Yenziwe ilebhu? I-SARS-CoV-2 yomnombo wokuzalwa ngokusebenzisa iilensi zophando-lomsebenzi. KaYuri Deigin. Epreli 22, 2020.

phakathi. Iintsholongwane ezoyikisayo kunye nokuba ungazifumana phi. Ngakumbi Moreno Colaiacovo. NgoNovemba 15, 2020.

Phakathi. Ukuqokelelwa kweenkcukacha ngokukhawuleza kwamatyala eCovid-19 aseWuhan. UGilles Demaneuf. Nge-15 ka-Okthobha ka-2020.