Ukukhushulwa okungalungile, okukhohlisayo kukaMark Lynas kwe-ajenda yezolimo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UMark Lynas uyintatheli wangaphambilini waphenduka ummeli wokuphromotha wokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane owenza izimangalo ezinganembile ngaleyo mikhiqizo esakhiweni sakhe IGates Foundation exhaswa ngemali yiCornell Alliance for Science. Izindlu eCornell University kusukela ngonyaka we-2014, ICornell Alliance for Science ngumkhankaso wobudlelwano nomphakathi eqeqesha abakhulumayo futhi yakhe amanethiwekhi wethonya, ikakhulukazi emazweni ase-Afrika, ukukhuthaza ukwamukelwa kwama-GMO nemikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Ososayensi, ongoti bezokudla bathi uLynas akalungile kwisayensi

Ososayensi nabachwepheshe bezinqubomgomo zokudla bagxeke uLynas ngokwenza izitatimende ezinganembile nezingahambisani nesayensi emizamweni yakhe yokukhuthaza izintshisekelo zebhizinisi lezolimo. Njengesibonelo esisodwa, izifundiswa zangena ngoJulayi 2020 esihlokweni ULynas ubhalele iCornell Alliance for Science ethi i-agroecology "inobungozi bokulimaza abampofu." Abagxeki bachaza udaba lukaLynas ngokuthi “ukuchazwa kwedemagogic kanye nokungekhona kwesayensi kwephepha lesayensi”Kanye ne-“ukuhlaziywa okuyiphutha ngempela”Ukuthi“ngephutha uhlanganisa ukongiwa kwe-agroecology bese enza iziphetho zasendle. "

Isazi sezolimo nomhlaba uMarc Corbeels, iphepha lakhe uLynas okwakuthiwa uzolichaza kule ndatshana, uthe uLynas wenza “ukwenziwa okwandile. ” UMarcus Taylor, isazi semvelo sezepolitiki eQueen's University, ucele ukuthi kuhoxiswe; “Into efanele ukuyenza kungaba khipha ucezu lwakho olunamaphutha kakhulu lokho kudida izinto eziyisisekelo ngamasu ezolimo, ”kusho uTaylor kuTwitter. Uchaze lo mbhalo ngokuthi “Imibono emsulwa” kanye “nehlazo kumuntu ofuna ukuzibiza 'ngokwesayensi'. ”  

Ukuhlaziywa okuningi kososayensi nabachwepheshe bezinqubomgomo ngomsebenzi kaLynas (kugcizelela okwethu):

  • “Ngingasho ngokusobala ukuthi akukho ukuvumelana kwesayensi mayelana nokuphepha kwe-GMO nokuthi iningi lezitatimende (zikaLynas) zingamanga, ” ubhale uDavid Schubert, PhD, Head, Cellular Neurobiology Laboratory & Professor e-The Salk Institute, encwadini ayibhalele ISan Diego Union Tribune.
  • “Nayi eminye imikhakha ye- amaphuzu angalungile noma alahlekisayo uLynas akwenzayo mayelana nesayensi noma ukuthuthukiswa kwe-GE, ”kubhala uDoug Gurian-Sherman, PhD, owayengusosayensi omkhulu, Inyunyana Yososayensi Abakhathazekile. “Esikhundleni sokuphikisana noma ukuxoxa ngesayensi yangempela, uLynas uphonsa iziphakamiso futhi usebenzise ukuthembela egunyeni kunedatha noma ucwaningo. " 
  • Izimangalo zikaLynas mayelana nokuqiniseka kokuphepha kwe-GMO “akunasayensi, akunangqondo futhi akunangqondo, ” ngokusho kukaBelinda Martineau, PhD, unjiniyela wezakhi zofuzo owasiza ekwakheni ukudla kokuqala kwe-GMO (bheka incwadi eya ku-NYT futhi I-Biotech Salon).
  • Ekubuyekezweni Incwadi kaLynas Imbewu Yesayensi, isazi semvelaphi yabantu uGlenn Davis Stone uchaze le ncwadi njenge “ukuvuselelwa kabusha kwamaphuzu okuxoxa embonini evamile. ” 
  • "The Uhlu lokuhlanjwa kwezimpahla lwalokho uMark Lynas okungahambanga kahle ngakho kokubili ama-GMO nesayensi lubanzi, futhi iphikisiwe ngephuzu ngabathile abahola phambili emhlabeni izazi ngezolimo futhi izazi zezinto eziphilayo,”Kubhala u-Eric Holt-Giménez, PhD, owayengumqondisi weFood First, ku I-Huffington Post.
  • UMark Lynas une “wenza umsebenzi ophume…" kubhale uThimothewu A. Wise, owayengumqondisi wocwaningo eGlobal Development and Environment Institute eTufts University.
  • "Ukulandisa kukaLynas kungamanga,”Ngokusho kuka- Ukukhishwa kwe-2018 kusuka e-African Centre for Biodiversity, iqembu elizinze eNingizimu Afrika. 
  • “Maka Izimangalo zikaLynas zibonisa ukungazi okujulile kwezesayensi, noma umzamo osebenzayo wokwenza ukungabaza. Kufanele ungamnaki, ” uthumele uPete Myers, PhD, usosayensi omkhulu e-Environmental Health Sciences, umshicileli we-EHN.org.

Amaqhinga 'okukhohlisayo, adukisayo futhi angenasimiso' 

Amaqembu azinze e-Afrika athi uLynas usemelele kabi amaqiniso amaningi ukuthuthukisa uhlelo lwezombusazwe. Ngokombiko wangoDisemba 2018 yi-African Centre for Biodiversity, Lynas kanye neCornell Alliance for Science basebenzise izithombe zabalimi base-Afrika ngaphandle kolwazi nemvume yabo, bexhaphaza izithombe ngezindlela ezidukisayo zokuthi abalimi badinga ama-GMO.

ULynas usebenzise lesi sithombe somlimi waseTanzania, uNkk. R, ngaphandle komongo futhi ngaphandle kwemvume yakhe.

Njengesibonelo esisodwa, uLynas wabhala lesi sithombe somlimi waseTanzania, uNkk. R, ngaphandle kwemvume nangaphandle komongo, esikisela ukuthi uyisisulu “sokungabi nabulungisa emhlabeni wonke.” UNkk. R empeleni ungumlimi ophumelelayo futhi olwela izindlela zokulima kanye nokuziphilisa kahle, ngokusho kombiko we-ACBio. Ucele uLynas ukuthi asuse isithombe sakhe, kodwa uhlala kwi-feed yakhe ye-twitter. I-ACBio ithe embikweni wayo ukuthi amaqhinga kaLynas “eqe umugqa obomvu wokuziphatha futhi kumele ayeke.”  

Iqembu elibusa ukudla nalo kusho ekukhululweni kwezindaba ukuthi uLynas "unomlando wokwenza ububi eTanzania" ngomkhakha wezokuvikela imboni ye-biotech. “Ukuhambela kwakhe kuleli kuhlelwe kahle yindawo yokwamukela izivakashi, esebenzisa izinkundla ezifana nemihlangano ejwayelekile ye-Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa (OFAB), lapho abezindaba bekhona khona bezobika ngezinkulumo zakhe. Ukuhlasela kwakhe bekuqondiswe kakhulu emithethweni yezwe yokuvikela ukuphepha, ikakhulukazi indlela yayo yokuvikela kanye nemibandela eqinile yezikweletu. ”

I-Alliance for Food Ubukhosi (i-AFSA), umfelandawonye omele amaqembu abalimi angama-35 nabathengi e-Afrika yonkana, nayo isole uLynas ngokugqugquzela “izethembiso ezingamanga, ukumelwa kabi, namanye amaqiniso. ” Kundatshana ka-2018, bachaze uLynas "njengongqondongqondo" ongahloniphi abantu base-Afrika, amasiko namasiko abo. "

Imiyalezo yokubulala izinambuzane isuselwa kumaphoyinti okukhuluma embonini, hhayi isayensi

Esinye isibonelo sokubika okunganembile kukaLynas ngesakhe Isihloko se-2017 i-Cornell Alliance for Science ehlasela i-ejensi yomdlavuza ye-World Health Organisation ngokubika i-glyphosate iyingozi yomdlavuza womuntu. U-Lynas wathi lo mbiko wophiko lochwepheshe "kwakuwukuzingelwa kwabathakathi" kanye "nokuhlanekezelwa okusobala kwezesayensi nobulungiswa bemvelo," okwakuhlelwe abantu abanqotshwe "ukuthukuthela nemizwelo." Uthe i-glyphosate "iyikhemikhali elibi kakhulu kwezolimo emhlabeni." 

A hlola iqiniso yi-US Right to Know uthole ukuthi uLynas wenza izimpikiswano ezifanayo ezidukisayo nezinamaphutha futhi wathembela emithonjeni efanayo emibili enamaphutha njengebhulogi eyathunyelwa ngenyanga edlule yi Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu iMonsanto lalikhokha ukusiza ukuvikela i-glyphosate neminye imikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Ekuphakamiseni icala lakhe ukuthi "amaqembu ezishoshovu ahlukumeza isayensi futhi abeka eceleni inqubomgomo esuselwa ebufakazini ku-glyphosate saga," u-Lynas akagcinanga ngokuthembela ezimpikiswaneni nasezimbonini, kodwa futhi wabushaya indiva ubufakazi obuningi, obabikwa kabanzi kwabezindaba, ukuthi iMonsanto ilawula ukubuyekezwa kwesayensi nokulawula ku-glyphosate amashumi eminyaka usebenzisa amaqhinga okucasha kufaka phakathi izifundo zokubhala ghost futhi izihloko, izifundo zokubulala, ukucindezela isayensi engabazisayo, ukuhlasela ososayensi futhi izinhlangano zokulawula ezinamandla ngenhloso yokuvikela inzuzo yayo kumikhiqizo esekwe ku-glyphosate. 

Kukhuthazwe, kuxhumene nenethiwekhi yezimboni zezibulala-zinambuzane

Izinkampani zezolimo kanye nemisebenzi yazo yezobudlelwano bomphakathi zivame ukukhuthaza uMark Lynas nomsebenzi wakhe. Bona isibonelo Iwebhusayithi kaMonsanto, ama-tweets amaningi wokuphromotha ngomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane amaqembu okuhweba, amaqembu okubungaza, pro-umkhakha izifundiswa futhi abalobi, Futhi various Monsanto abasebenzi, kanye nenqwaba yama-athikili kaLynas kukhuthazwe ngu Iphrojekthi Yezofuzo, a iqembu le-propaganda ababambisana neMonsanto.

ILynas neCornell Alliance for Science nabo bayasebenzisana nabanye ababambe iqhaza kwinethiwekhi yezokuphepha kanye nenkulumo-ze yomkhakha wezolimo.

Iluleka iqembu labalingani beMonsanto i-Sense About Science

Imfihlo Uhlelo lweMonsanto PR yangomhla kaFebhuwari 2015 yaphakamisa Umuzwa Ngezesayensi njengeqembu elingasiza ekuholeni impendulo yomkhakha kwabezindaba ukudicilela phansi umbiko womdlavuza we-WHO nge-glyphosate. ULynas ukhonza ku- umkhandlu wokweluleka ye-Sense Mayelana neSayensi. I-Intercept ibikile ngo-2016 lokho "I-Sense About Science ayivezi ngaso sonke isikhathi lapho imithombo yayo yezindaba eziyimpikiswano ingososayensi abanobudlelwano nezimboni ezihlolwayo," futhi "kwaziwa ukuthi bathatha izikhundla ezingavumelani nesayensi noma ezichithe ubufakazi obuvelayo bokulimala." Umuzwa Ngezesayensi abambisene neCornell Alliance for Science ukunikeza "ukubonisana kwezibalo zezintatheli" ngomqondisi weqembu UTrevor Butterworth, ochazwe yizintatheli njengo “imboni yamakhemikhali umbhali wobudlelwano bomphakathi.

Related: IMonsanto ithembele kulaba "abalingani" ukuhlasela ososayensi abaphezulu bomdlavuza

Kuhlanganiswe nesayensi yezulu ukugxeka ukuqalisa i-pro-fracking, pro-nuke, GMO “movement”

U-Lynas uzibiza ngomunye wabasunguli “bokunyakaza” “kwe-ecomodernism,” uhlobo oluhambisanayo lwenkampani “lwezemvelo” umlobi waseBrithani uGeorge Monbiot aluchaza ngokuthi “aluthathi zinyathelo zepolitiki ukuvikela umhlaba wemvelo.” Abakwa-eco-modernists bakhuthaza ukuthosiwe, amandla enuzi nemikhiqizo yezolimo njengezixazululo zemvelo. Ngokusho kwabaholi be-eco-modernist UTed Nordhaus noMichael Shellenberger we-Breakthrough Institute, ubuchwepheshe bamandla obuthandwa ngabazalwane besigidigidi samafutha uKoch “benza okungaphezulu kakhulu ekunciphiseni ukukhishwa kwegesi ebamba ukushisa kunalabo abathandwa yiLeft-apocalyptic Left.” 

Ku-a wehlulekile umcimbi wokuqalisa kwe-ecomodernism ngoSepthemba 2015, uLynas wazihlanganisa no-Owen Paterson, ovelele ophika isayensi yezulu e-UK ngubani kunciphise imali ngemizamo yokulungiselela izwe ukufudumala komhlaba ngesikhathi esengunobhala wezemvelo. Ngenyanga efanayo, uPaterson ukhulume eCornell Alliance for Science, lapho ephakamisa khona ama-GMO nge-hyperbolic inkulumo igcwaliswe nge izimangalo ezingasekelwa, futhi wasola abezemvelo ngokuvumela izingane ukuba zife e-Afrika. "Imikhankaso eluhlaza eyizigidigidi ibulala izingane ezihlwempu," kusho u-a isihloko ukubika ngenkulumo kaPaterson's Cornell evela eMkhandlwini WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nempilo, a iqembu langaphambili iMonsanto lalikhokha ukuvikela imikhiqizo yayo. 

Isendlalelo sikaMark Lynas

ULynas wabhala izincwadi eziningana ngokuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu (enye yazo yamukelwa yiRoyal Society) ngaphambi kokuba akhange umhlaba wonke "Ukuguqulwa" kusuka kwisishoshovu se-anti-GMO kumgqugquzeli wobuchwepheshe ngenkulumo ekhuthazwa kabanzi yango-2013 e-Oxford ethi abagxekayo babe kuchazwe njengo ukudukisa. Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ngalowo nyaka uLynas waba ngumuntu eCornell University Office of International Programs eKolishi Lezolimo neLife Sciences, waqala usebenzela iCornell Alliance for Science, umkhankaso wezokuxhumana owenziwe ngonyaka we-2014 wokukhuthaza ama-GMO nge imali evela eGates Foundation.

Bheka: Kungani iCornell University ibamba umkhankaso we-GMO propaganda?

ULynas wazibiza ngokuthi "ungumqondisi wezepolitiki" weCornell Alliance for Science kwiNew York Times yango-2015 i-op-ed. ICornell Alliance for Science ayichazi ukuthi luyini uhlelo lwayo lwezepolitiki, kepha imiyalezo kanye nezinhloso zeqembu zilandelela eduze uhlelo lwezohwebo lomkhakha wezolimo: ukukhulisa ukwamukelwa kwezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane emhlabeni jikelele, ikakhulukazi e-Afrika.

I-Mysterious Lynas PR push, futhi yavuza imemo ye-EuropaBio

Ukusatshalaliswa okukhulu kwabezindaba ngokuguqulwa kukaLynas 'pro-GMO ngo-2013 kwaphakamisa izinsolo zokuthi umkhankaso we-PR wemboni wawusiza ukumphakamisa ekusithekeni. A idalulwe imemo ka-2011 okuvela enkampanini yePR yomkhakha - echaza ngezinhlelo zokuqasha “amanxusa” asezingeni eliphakeme ukunxenxa ukwamukelwa kweGMO - kwandisa izinsolo zokusekelwa kwezimboni ngoba lo mbhalo uqambe igama elithi Lynas. Uthe iqembu akakaze asondele kuye.

Ngokombiko othile Umbiko Guardian, I-EuropaBio, iqembu lezokuhweba elinamalungu alo afaka phakathi iMonsanto neBayer, lihlele ukuqasha amanxusa e-PR ukusiza abenzi bezinqumo "ukucabanga kabusha ngesimo seYurophu ngezitshalo zeGM." Amanxusa abengeke akhokhelwe ngqo kodwa azothola izindleko zokuhamba kanye "nokuxhaswa kokuxhumana okuzinikele" okuvela embonini yezimali. Isikhulu senkampani i-PR sathi "sinentshisekelo" kuLynas, phakathi kwabanye, endimeni yenxusa. ULynas uphikile ukuthi unokuxhumana nabo. "Angikaze ngicelwe ukuthi ngibe yinxusa, futhi angizokwamukela isicelo esinjalo uma ngicelwa," etshela iGuardian.

IGates Foundation, ama-GMO neMonsanto

IBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, umxhasi oyinhloko weCornell Alliance for Science no $ 12 wezigidi kwizibonelelo, igxekiwe ngamasu ayo oxhaso lokuthuthukisa ezolimo axhasa ama-ajenda ebhizinisi lezolimo. A Ukuhlaziywa kwe-2014 okuvela eqenjini locwaningo IGRAIN ithole ukuthi iGates Foundation ichithe iningi lezimali zayo zokuthuthukisa ezolimo “ukondla abampofu e-Afrika” - cishe ama- $ 3 billion asetshenziswe ngaphezu kweminyaka eyishumi - fundisa ososayensi nabaphenyi emazweni acebile. Le mali isiza nasekuthengeni ithonya lezepolitiki kulo lonke elase-Afrika, kubika i-GRAIN. A Umbiko we-2016 weqembu lokukhuthaza i-Global Justice Now uphethe ngokuthi amasu okuthuthukisa ezolimo eGates Foundation “abhebhethekisa ukungalingani komhlaba wonke futhi agxilisa amandla ezinkampani emhlabeni jikelele.”

IGates Foundation inwebe kakhulu imali yayo yamaphrojekthi wezolimo eminyakeni eyishumi eyedlule lapho uRob Horsch, Inhloko yangaphambili kaMonsanto yentuthuko yamazwe omhlaba ijoyine ukuthuthukiswa kwezolimo kwesisekelo ithimba lobuholi. Incwadi entsha kaLynas ethi “Seeds of Science” ichitha isahluko (“The True History of Monsanto”) izama ukuchaza ezinye zezono zenkampani edlule nokudumisa uRob Horsch isikhathi eside. Sichitha esinye isahluko (“i-Afrika: Bayeke Badle Ummbila Wezingane Oyingqayizivele”) siphikisa ngokuthi abantu base-Afrika badinga imikhiqizo yezimboni zezolimo ukuze bazondle.

Ukugxekwa kwendlela yeGates Foundation yekoloniyalizim e-Afrika

  • Imbewu Ye-Neo-Colonialism: Kungani Abagqugquzeli be-GMO Bakuthola Kubi Kangaka Nge-Afrika, isitatimende ngu Umbutho Wobumbano Lokudla e-Afrika, 5/7/2018
  • Ngabe amaGates noRockefeller basebenzisa ithonya labo ukusetha i-ajenda emazweni ampofu?"Ucwaningo lukhomba izisekelo zikaBill noMelinda Gates kanye neRockefeller phakathi kwabanikeli abacebile abasondelene nohulumeni futhi okungenzeka ukuthi bathanda izinto eziseqhulwini," nguJohn Vidal, Tyena Guardian, 1/15/2016
  • Amandla Wentuthuko Nokuthuthuka. Ngubani owenza i-ajenda? nguJens Martens noKarolin Seitz, Umbiko ka-2015 (ikhasi 48).
  • I-Philanthrocapitalism: Izinhlelo ze-Gates Foundation zase-Afrika aziwona usizo, nguPhilip L Bereano, uSolwazi Emeritus e-University of Washington, Ukuvuselelwa Komhlaba Kwesithathu, 2017
  • IBill Gates Isiza KFC Ukuthatha i-Afrika, ngu-Alex Park, Umama Jones, 1/10/2014
  • IGates Foundation's Agenda Agenda e-Afrika 'Olunye Uhlobo Lobukoloniyali,' Kuxwayisa Ababhikishi, nguLauren McCauley, Amaphupho ajwayelekile, 3/23/2015
  • IGates Foundation ihola phambili ekuphangweni kwezolimo e-Afrika, nguColin Todhunter, Isazi Semvelo, 1/21/2016
  • Ngabe iGates Foundation iyisebenzisa kanjani imali yayo ukondla umhlaba?Umbiko wokusanhlamvu, 2014
  • UBill Gates usemkhankasweni wokuthengisa ama-GMO e-Afrika, kepha akalikhulumi lonke iqiniso, nguStacy Malkan, Okunye, 3/24/2016

Ukulandelela Inethiwekhi Yezimboni Yezimboni Eziphathelene Nezibulala-zinambuzane

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Izinkampani ezine kuphela manje ezilawula ngaphezu kuka-60% wokuphakelwa komhlaba wembewu nezibulala-zinambuzane. Ukwengamela umphakathi ngemisebenzi yabo kubalulekile ekutholeni ukudla okuphephile nokunempilo. Kodwa-ke zonke lezi zinkampani - iMonsanto / Bayer, iDowDuPont, iSyngenta, i-BASF - zinde imilando yokufihla ingozi kwemikhiqizo yabo. Njengoba amarekhodi abo engakhuthazi ukwethenjwa, bathembele kubalingani benkampani yangaphandle ukukhuthaza nokuvikela imikhiqizo yabo.

Amashidi eqiniso ngezansi akhanya kule nethiwekhi ye-propaganda efihliwe: amaqembu angaphambili, izifundiswa, izintatheli kanye nabalawuli abasebenza ekusithekeni nezinkampani zokubulala izinambuzane ukukhuthaza nokuvikela ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane. 

Imininingwane esiyibika lapha isuselwa kuphenyo lwe-US Right to Know oluthole amashumi ezinkulungwane zamakhasi emibhalo yangaphakathi yezinkampani nezomthetho kusukela ngonyaka wezi-2015. Uphenyo lwethu lukhuthaze umkhankaso wokuphikisana nomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane ozame ukudicilela phansi umsebenzi wethu. Ngokuvumelana ne Imibhalo yeMonsanto ivezwe ngo-2019,  "Uphenyo lwe-USRTK luzoba nomthelela kuyo yonke imboni." 

Sicela wabelane ngalawa maqiniso, futhi bhalisa lapha ukwamukela izindaba ezivela ekuphenyweni kwethu. 

Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa: ukwenziwa kweqembu langaphambili leMonsanto

I-AgBioChatter: lapho izinkampani nezifundiswa behlela isu kuma-GMO kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane

U-Alison Van Eenennaam: isikhulumi sangaphandle esingukhiye kanye nommeli wezokuvikela embonini yezolimo kanye neye GMO

Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo iyiqembu eliphambili lenkampani

Izinkampani zeBayer's Shady PR: UHillard noKetchum PR

Kwenziwe kabusha isiza imboni yamakhemikhali i-PR nemizamo yokunxenxa

Isikhungo Sobuqotho Bokudla ukudla kanye nemboni yezolimo abalingani be-PR

ICornell Alliance yeSayensi is a umkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi eCornell ukukhuthaza ama-GMO

Umkhandlu Wezokwazisa nge-Biotechnology, Izimpendulo ze-GMO, iCropLife: Imboni yokubulala izinambuzane imizamo ye-PR 

UDrew Kershen: umkhakha weqembu lezolimo ngaphambili ongumholi

I-Food Evolution GMO Idokhumentari ifilimu esakaza inkulumo-ze, kusho izifundiswa eziningi

UGeoffrey Kabat: izibopho zamaqembu ezimboni zikagwayi namakhemikhali

Ukuhlola kweGlyphosate Spin: ukulandelela izimangalo mayelana ne-herbicide esetshenziswa kakhulu

Izimpendulo ze-GMO is a Ukuphathwa kwezinkinga Ithuluzi le-PR lama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides

UHank Campbell i-maze yamabhulogi esayensi athanda iMonsanto

UHenry I. Miller kwehliswe yiForbes ngehlazo lokubhala ngemiphefumulo leMonsanto

Inkundla Yabesifazane Ezimele: Iqembu elixhaswa ngemali nguKoch livikela izibulala-zinambuzane, uwoyela, izimboni zikagwayi

I-International Food Information Council (IFIC): Ukuthi iBig Food iziphotha kanjani izindaba ezimbi

I-International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) iyiqembu lokwamukela izimboni zokudla, imibhalo ikhombisa

UJay Byrne: hlangana nendoda engemuva komshini weMonsanto PR

UJon Entine, Iphrojekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo: izithunywa ezibalulekile zeMonsanto, iBayer kanye nemboni yamakhemikhali

UKeith Kloor: ukuthi intatheli yesayensi isebenze kanjani nabalingani bemboni ekusithekeni

UKevin Folta izimangalo ezilahlekisayo nezikhohlisayo

UMark Lynas weCornell Alliance weSayensi amaphromoshini akhohlisayo futhi anganembile nge-ajenda yezentengiselwano yomkhakha wezolimo

IMonsanto yaqamba laba "abalingani bemboni" kuyo Uhlelo lwe-PR lokubhekana nesinqumo somdlavuza we-glyphosate (2015)

UNina Federoff yagqugquzela igunya lesayensi yaseMelika ukusekela iMonsanto

UPamela Ronald's izibopho emaqenjini angaphambili embonini yamakhemikhali

UPeter Phillips kanye nezihlobo zakhe uchungechunge oluyimfihlo "lwelungelo lokwazi" e-University of Saskatchewan

SciBabe uthi udle izibulala-zinambuzane zakho, kepha ngubani omkhokhelayo?

Isayensi Media Center ithuthukisa imibono yenkampani yesayensi

Umuzwa Ngezesayensi / IZITATIMENDE spin isayensi embonini

UStuart Smyth imboni yezolimo izibopho kanye nezimali 

UTamar Haspel idukisa abafundi beWashington Post kumakholamu akhe okudla

I-Val Giddings: i-BIO VP yangaphambili iyinkampani esebenza kakhulu embonini yezolimo

Amashidi eqiniso angaphezulu ngamaqembu aphambili angaphambili, amaqembu ezohwebo nababhali be-PR:

I-BIO: iqembu lokuhweba lomkhakha we-biotech

Isikhungo Senkululeko Yabathengi

Izitshalo Zokuphila Zomhlaba Wonke

I-International Life Sciences Institute

UJulie Kelly

UKavin Senapathy / MAMIzinganekwane

I-Ketchum PR

I-US Farmers and Ranchers Alliance

Izinsiza Ezengeziwe ezivela e-US Right to Know

Izifundo zezifundo ezibhalwe kabusha yi-US Right to Know 

Amaphepha eMonsanto: Ingobo yomlando wedokhumenti ye-Roundup / Glyphosate 

Ingobo yomlando wedokhumenti ye-Dicamba

I-Roundup ne-Dicamba Trial Tracker blog olusha njalo 

Ishidi lamaqiniso leGlyphosate: Ukukhathazeka Kwezempilo Mayelana ne-Pesticide Esetshenziswa Kakhulu

Ishidi lamaqiniso lakwaDicamba

Ukusabalala kwezindaba zomhlaba wonke ze Ukutholwa kwe-US Right to Know 

Uma uthanda umsebenzi wethu, sicela QHAFAZA LAPHA ukusisiza sikhuphule ukushisa kuphenyo lwe-USRTK.

UNina Fedoroff: Ukugqugquzela igunya lesayensi yaseMelika ukubuyisela iMonsanto

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Amaphuzu ayisihluthulelo:

  • Njengomongameli nosihlalo webhodi le-AAAS kusuka ngo-2011-2013, uDkt Fedoroff uthuthukise izinhloso zenqubomgomo yomkhakha wezolimo. Manje usebenzela inkampani yezikhalazo.
  • Imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know ikhombisa ukuthi ubudlelwane bomphakathi kanye nemizamo yokunxenxa kuhlanganiswa kanjani ekusithekeni phakathi kwemboni yezolimo, amaqembu angaphambili kanye nezifundiswa ezibonakala zizimele.
  • UDkt Fedoroff ukhuthaza izinhlangano ezidukisa umphakathi mayelana nesayensi nobudlelwano bazo ezimbonini.

UNina Fedoroff, i-PhD, ungomunye wososayensi abanethonya elikhulu abalwela ukwanda nokuncishiswa kokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Ungumongameli wangaphambilini we-American Association for the Advancement of Science (2011-2012) futhi owayengusihlalo we-AAAS Board of Directors (2012-2013). Ungu- umeluleki omkhulu wesayensi kusukela ngo-2015 e-OFW Law, inkampani yokubamba iqhaza lapho amaklayenti afakiwe Syngenta futhi Umkhandlu Wezokwaziswa Kwe-Biotechnology, iqembu lokuhweba elimele iBayer (engumnikazi weMonsanto), iBASF, iCorteva (isigaba seDowDuPont) neSyngenta.

Kusukela ngo-2007-2010, uDkt Fedoroff wasebenza njengomeluleki wesayensi nobuchwepheshe kuNobhala Wezwe kanye noMphathi we-USAID ngaphansi kokuphathwa kukaGeorge W. Bush kanye no-Obama. Ngaphambi kwalokho, wayengu- ilungu lebhodi we-Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, inkampani yamakhemikhali yamazwe ngamazwe kanye ne-biotech; kanye ne Ilungu lebhodi elelulekayo ye-Evogene, inkampani ye-biotechnology esebenzisana nayo DuPont, Syngenta, Bayer futhi Monsanto. 

Ngo-2017, uDkt Fedoroff wakhuthaza uMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nempilo Incwadi ethi “junk science” eceleni kososayensi ababili abahambisana namaqembu aphika isayensi yezulu kanye nokunxenxa imikhiqizo kagwayi.

NjengoNobhala Wezwe uHillary “Umbusi wesayensi kaClinton, "UDkt Fedoroff wasebenza njengonozakuzaku we"GMO yonke indlela”Ngenqubomgomo yaseMelika yezangaphandle, uTom Philpott wabika eGrist ngo-2008 nango-2009. I-Pesticide Action Network yaseNyakatho Melika ichaze uDkt. Fedoroff ngokuthi“inxusa laseMelika ngokoqobo ”lobunjiniyela bezakhi zofuzo. Ngokusho kukaGreenpeace, uDkt. Fedoroff ube “a ummeli oshisekayo wokwanda komhlaba jikelele kweGM ukudla (okushintshwe izakhi zofuzo) kuwo wonke umsebenzi wakhe. ”

Ngesikhathi sakhe sokuba ngumongameli nosihlalo we-AAAS, i ngobukhulu emhlabeni umphakathi wesayensi eyahlukahlukene, uDkt Fedoroff waqokomisa lezo zindima ukuhlinzeka ngosizo lwezepolitiki embonini yezolimo: iBhodi labaPhathi be-AAAS ngaphansi kosihlalo wayo yakhipha isitatimende esibekelwe isikhathi sezepolitiki sokuphikisana nokulebula kwe-GMO ngo-2012; ngenkathi umongameli wenhlangano yesayensi ngo-2011, uDkt Fedoroff wasiza ekunqobeni isiphakamiso se-US EPA esasizodinga imininingwane eyengeziwe yezempilo nokuphepha yezitshalo ze-GMO, ngokusho kwama-imeyili achazwe ngezansi. Bheka, UNina Fedoroff, i-AAAS kanye nomkhakha wezobuchwepheshe bezolimo. UDkt Fedoroff ne-AAAS abaphendulanga ezicelweni zempendulo.

Ukuhlangana namaqembu aphambili embonini ekhohlisayo nemizamo ye-PR

UDkt Fedoroff ukhuthaze futhi wasiza ukwenza ngokusemthethweni amaqembu athi angamazwi azimele esayensi kepha asebenza ngasese nemboni yezolimo ngezindlela ezidukisa umphakathi - kufaka phakathi amaqembu amabili asiza iMonsanto zama ukwehlisa isithunzi ososayensi abasebenza ophikweni lochwepheshe beWorld Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) oluchaza i-glyphosate njenge kungenzeka i-carcinogen yomuntu e 2015.

Umkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nempilo (ACSH) uxhaswa ngu izinkampani zamakhemikhali, ezithaka imithi kanye nogwayi, ngokuvumelana ne kudalulwe imibhalo yangaphakathi lowo mbhalo wokuthi iqembu lizifaka kanjani izinsizakalo zalo ezinkampanini ngemikhankaso yokuvikela umkhiqizo. Ama-imeyili akhishwe ngezinqubo zenkantolo akhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto bavuma ukuxhasa i-ACSH ku-2015, futhi ucele iqembu ukuthi libhale ngalo umbiko womdlavuza we-IARC nge-glyphosate; I-ACSH ngokuhamba kwesikhathi bathi umbiko womdlavuza wawungowokukhwabanisa okungokwesayensi.     

UDkt Fedoroff usize ukukhuthaza leli qembu njengomthombo osemthethweni wesayensi ku-2017 Umcimbi weNational Press Club ukwethula i-ACSH's “Little Black Book of Junk Science” Ababebonakala eceleni kukaDkt Fedoroff emcimbini wabezindaba bekungososayensi ababili abaxhumene namaqembu athi ukuphika isayensi yezulu futhi ukunxenxa imikhiqizo kagwayi:

Iphrojekthi Yezofuzo: UDkt Fedoroff ubaliwe njengelungu lebhodi kuwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project, iqembu elithi lizimele kodwa abalingani neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR kanye nokunxenxa, ngokwemibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know. Imibhalo ekhishwe ekufayweni kwenkantolo ibonisa ukuthi iMonsanto ibhale leli qembu phakathi kwe- "Abalingani bemboni" behlela ukuzibandakanya nesu lokuhlela "ukukhala" ngokuhlolwa kwe-IARC kwe-glyphosate ukuze "kuvikelwe isithunzi ne-FTO ye-Roundup." IGenetic Literacy Project selokhu yathumela okungaphezulu kwe- Izihloko ze-200 egxeka i-ejensi yocwaningo lomdlavuza, kufaka phakathi ukuhlaselwa komuntu siqu kososayensi ababandakanyeka embikweni we-glyphosate, ebasola uzungu, ukukhwabanisa, elele, inkohlakalo, imfihlo, nokukhuthazwa “inzuzo nokuyize. ”??

Ku-an uchungechunge lokuwina imiklomelo eLe Monde mayelana "nemizamo kaMonsanto yokucekela phansi i-UN ejensi yomdlavuza nganoma iyiphi indlela," izintatheli uStéphane Foucart noStéphane Horel bachaze iGenetic Literacy Project ne-ACSH "njengamawebhusayithi aziwa kakhulu enkulumo-ze" futhi bathi i-GLP "idliswa ngabantu be-PR abaxhumene izimboni zezibulala-zinambuzane ne-biotechnology. ” I-GLP yethulwe ngo-2011 nguJon Entine, onenkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi eyayineMonsanto njengekhasimende ngaleso sikhathi.

Ukuhlaselwa kwabaphenyi bomdlavuza kuwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project ebala uDkt Fedoroff "njengelungu lebhodi":

Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa: UDkt Fedoroff ukhuthaze ukubuyekeza kwe-Academics njengomthombo wesayensi onokwethenjelwa esihlokweni sango-2012 ku Amathrendi ku-Genetics kanye nengxoxo ye-2016 ne-Washington Examiner mayelana ubuntatheli besayensi obumpofu. Imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know ikhombisa ukuthi ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo kwakungu usethe njengeqembu langaphambili ngosizo lweMonsanto ukudicilela phansi abagxeki bobunjiniyela kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, ngenkathi ukugcina izigxivizo zeminwe zenkampani zifihliwe. Iqembu, okuyi bathi ukuzimela kodwa kwaba uxhaswe yizinkampani zezolimo, ahlasele imboni yezimboni “njengomkhonyovu wokumaketha.”

Ikamu leBiotech Literacy Boot Camp: UDkt Fedoroff wabalwa ohlwini lwe- ilungu lobuchwepheshe obuyisisekelo we-Biotech Literacy Project “camp boot” owawubanjelwe e-UC Davis ngo-2015. Lo mcimbi wawuhlelwe ngamaqembu amabili e-PR, Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, futhi uxhaswe ngasese yizinkampani zezolimo ukuze “aqeqeshe ososayensi nezintatheli ukuhlela impikiswano ngama-GMO nobuthi be-glyphosate,” kubika uPaul Thacker ku-Okuqhubekayo. Izipikha zifake uhlu olujwayelekile lwabalingani bemboni ye-PR kubandakanya UJay Byrne, UJon Entine, UBruce Chassy, ​​uDavid Tribe, UHank Campbell we-ACSH futhi I-keynote by “iSci Babe.”

I-AgBioWorld: Ku-2012 Trends and Genetics wakhe esihlokweni, UDkt. Fedoroff wakhuthaza iwebhusayithi i-AgBioWorld ngokuthi “enye insiza eyigugu” yokufunda ngesayensi. Ngo-2002 ku-Guardian, UGeorge Monbiot uchaze ukuthi ithimba le-PR leMonsanto lisebenzise kanjani iwebhusayithi ye-AgBioWorld nama-akhawunti enkohliso ezokuxhumana nabantu ukuhlambalaza ososayensi nabezemvelo abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngezitshalo zeGM. UMonbiot ubike:  

“Ekupheleni konyaka odlule, uJay Byrne, owayengumphathi [weMonsanto] wezokuxhumana nge-internet, wachazela amanye amafemu amaqhinga ayewasebenzisile eMonsanto. Ukhombise ukuthi, ngaphambi kokuthi aqale ukusebenza, izingosi eziphezulu ze-GM ezibalwe yinjini yokusesha kwi-inthanethi zonke zazigxeka ubuchwepheshe. Ngemuva kokungenelela kwakhe, izingosi ezisezingeni eliphezulu zonke bezingabasekeli (ezine zazo ezisungulwe yinkampani yakwaMonsanto's PR Bivings). Ubatshele ukuthi 'bacabange nge-intanethi njengesikhali esisetafuleni. Kuphakathi kokuthi uyayicosha noma umuntu oyincintisana naye uyayithatha, kodwa kukhona umuntu ozobulawa. '

Ngenkathi esebenzela iMonsanto, uByrne utshele iphephandaba le-inthanethi ukuthi Wow ukuthi 'usebenzisa isikhathi sakhe nomzamo wakhe ukubamba iqhaza' ezingxoxweni zewebhu mayelana ne-biotech. Ukhombe indawo i-AgBioWorld, lapho 'eqinisekisa ukuthi inkampani yakhe idlala khona kahle.' I-AgBioWorld yisiza lapho [umlingisi mbumbulu online uMary] Smetacek aqala khona umkhankaso wakhe. ”

Ukuhlaselwa ku-Greenpeace: UDkt Fedoroff wakhuluma ku umcimbi wokucindezela we-2016 weqembu elizibiza “Sekela i-Precision Agriculture, ”Ebethula incwadi esayinwe ngabaklonyelizi bezindondo abangaphezu kwekhulu beNobel begxeka iGreenpeace ngokungahambisani kwabo namaGMO. Ababambisene nomkhakha wezolimo usizile ngomkhankaso, kufaka phakathi owayenguMqondisi Wezokuxhumana kaMonsanto UJay Byrne; iqembu langaphambili lokuhweba nge-biotech VP I-Val Giddings; noMat Winkler, oxhasa imali nge- Iphrojekthi ye-PR ye-Genetic Literacy Project futhi ibhalwe njenge- ilungu lebhodi kanye noDkt Fedoroff kuwebhusayithi yeqembu. Uhlobo lwe- .com lwewebhusayithi okuthiwa izimele ye- “Support Precision Agriculture” iqondiswe kabusha kwi-Genetic Literacy Project iminyaka (yahlukaniswa ngemuva kokuthi siyinake ku-2019). Ku- ama-imeyili avela ku-2011, U-Byrne wakhomba i-Greenpeace ohlwini lwama "target" ayelwenzela iMonsanto enamagama abagxeki bezimboni ababengabhekana nabo ngemuva kwekhava iqembu lezemfundo elixhaswe ngezimboni lokho kwavela ngokuzimela.

Umngani we GMO Izimpendulo: UDkt Fedoroff uyi isazi esizimele Izimpendulo ze-GMO, a Umkhankaso we-PR owenziwe ubudlelwano bomphakathi kaKetchum, ene-a umlando wokusebenzisa amaqhinga akhohlisayo ukuthonya umphakathi. Yize uKetchum ebanga umkhankaso weZimpendulo ze-GMO 'kungachaza kabusha okwenzekayo,' iqembu izimpendulo ezibhaliwe ngochwepheshe "ozimele" futhi wabalwa phakathi "kwabalingani bemboni" ku Uhlelo lukaMonsanto lwe-PR ukuvikela i-Roundup ekukhathazekeni komdlavuza. A Isigaba "sezinsizakusebenza" (ikhasi 4) sikhombe kwizixhumanisi zeGMO Answers kanye neMonsanto ezixhumana nomyalezo wenkampani othi "IGlyphosate akuyona i-carcinogenic." Ngo-2016, UDkt Fedoroff ukhulume ngesigungu esixhaswe ngabakwa-GMO Answers, Scientific American kanye ne ICornell Alliance yeSayensi mayelana nokusakazwa kwabezindaba kwesayensi equkethe izintatheli ezinobungani embonini UKeith Kloor futhi UTamar Haspel. Bona “IMedia Machine yeMonsanto Iza eWashington, ”NguPaul Thacker.

Uphenyo oluphikisayo lokuthola ubudlelwane bemboni nezifundo

Ku-2015, uDkt Fedoroff nabanye abaongameli ababili be-AAAS, uPeter Raven noPhillip Sharp, bathuthukisa izindima zabo zobuholi be-AAAS, kepha behlulekile ukudalula noma yikuphi ukubambisana kwabo embonini, ku-Guardian i-op-ed ophikisana nophenyo lwamarekhodi womphakathi obefuna ukuthola ubudlelwano obungadalulwanga nezinhlelo zezimali phakathi kwezinkampani zezolimo, amaqembu abo e-PR kanye noprofesa abaxhaswe umphakathi. I- uphenyo olwenziwe yi-US Right to Know wembule eminye yemibhalo esemqoka echazwe kuleli qiniso.

Yize uGuardian kamuva engeze i- ukudalulwa ukuthi uDkt Fedoroff usebenza enkampanini yokwamukela izivakashi i-OFW Law, akuzange kudalule lokho Iklayenti le-OFW Law ngaleso sikhathi kwakuyiqembu lezokuhweba lezimboni zezolimo, izinkampani zalo ezingamalungu ezazigxile ekuphenyweni kwamarekhodi omphakathi. Omengameli bangaphambilini be-AAAS baphikisana nohlelo lwabo lokuthi uphenyo lokuthola ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo ezingadalulwanga embonini nezifundo "lwalukhipha ikhasi encwadini yokudlala yeClimategate" futhi luthinta "ukuphika isayensi," izimangalo ezifanayo enziwe yizimboni amaqembu e-PR achazwe kuleli qiniso.

Kusetshenziswa i-AAAS ukuqhubekisela phambili izinhloso zenqubomgomo yomkhakha wezolimo

Ngesikhathi sakhe sokuba ngumongameli we-American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) kusuka ngo-2011-2012 nanjengoSihlalo weBhodi Yabaqondisi kusukela ngo-2012-2013, uDkt Fedoroff wasebenza nabalingani bemboni yezolimo ukuthuthukisa izinhloso zenqubomgomo ezisemqoka: ukugcina izakhi zofuzo ukudla okwenziwe ngobuchwepheshe kungabhalwanga futhi kwehliswa isiphakamiso se-US Environmental Protection Agency ebesizodinga imininingwane eyengeziwe ngemithelela yezempilo nezemvelo yezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo ezihlukaniswa njengezibulala-zinambuzane.

I-AAAS isize ukuncenga abavoti ukuthi baphikise ukufakwa ilebuli kwe-GMO

Ngo-2012, iBhodi Labaqondisi be-AAAS ngaphansi kukaSihlalo kaDkt Fedoroff yathatha isinyathelo esingajwayelekile sokuthatha uhlangothi odabeni lwezepolitiki olunombango kusasele amasonto amabili ngaphambi kokuba abavoti eCalifornia baye okhethweni lokuthatha isinqumo ngeProposition 37, okuyisinyathelo sokuvotela ama-GMO. Ukubuyekezwa kwezitatimende eziningi zezepolitiki ezenziwe yi-AAAS azitholanga ezinye izibonelo zenhlangano eyayizama ukuthonya abavoti ngaphambi kokhetho lombuso. (I-AAAS noDkt. Fedoroff abaziphendulanga izicelo zokubeka imibono. Futhi ukudalulwa: abaqondisi abasebenzisana ne-USRTK basebenze emkhankasweni wokufaka ilebula.)

Amabhodi we-AAAS isitatimende Ukuphikisa ilebula le-GMO kwakuyimpikiswano. It kuqukethe ukunganembi, ngokusho kwamalungu esikhathi eside e-AAAS, amaningi awo usilahlile isitatimende esiphikisana nokulebula njengokuhlasela “kobaba” kwamalungelo abathengi okudukise umphakathi ngokushiya umongo obalulekile wesayensi nokulawula. Okhulumela i-AAAS ngaleso sikhathi, uGinger Pinholster, wabiza ukugxekwa ngokuthi “akulungile futhi akunankinga.” Utshele intatheli ubesekamelweni ngesikhathi ibhodi lidlulisa isitatimende: “Asilona iqembu labameli. Izitatimende zethu sizenza ngokuya ngobufakazi besayensi, ”kusho uPinholster. "Ngingakutshela ukuthi isitatimende sethu asiwona umsebenzi noma asithonywanga yinhlangano engaphandle."

Abanye izingqapheli baqaphela ukufana kolimi olusetshenziswa yi-AAAS ne- umkhankaso oxhaswa ngezimboni ukwehlula isiphakamiso 37. "Ngabe iqembu elikhulu lesayensi liyayilahla iMonsanto?”Kubuza uMichele Simon ngoGrist. USimon uchaze isitatimende sebhodi "njengesingeyona isayensi kepha esifanele kakhulu ukucaphuna," futhi waphawula ukuthi ukukhishwa kwabezindaba kwe-AAAS ibiqukethe "amaphuzu okuxoxa" ahambisana no-No on 37 izincwadi zomkhankaso.

"Ukubonakala ungaphansi kokusobala kungumqondo omubi ngempela emphakathini wezesayensi"

Phakathi ku Incwadi ka-2013 eya kumagazini weSayensi, elinye iqembu lososayensi abali-11 lizwakalise ukukhathazeka ngokuthi isitatimende sebhodi le-AAAS ngokudla okuyi-GMO "singahle siqhume." Babhala bathi, “sikhathazekile ukuthi isikhundla se-AAA simele indlela engenalo ulwazi lokuxhumana nesayensi…  ukubonakala kungabonakali obala kuwumqondo omubi ngempela emphakathini wesayensi. ” 

UDkt. ososayensi abane abamele "umphakathi wesayensi nowezemfundo" ophikisana nokulebula kwe-GMO. Umkhankaso ngokuhamba kwesikhathi wacela uDkt Fedoroff ukuthi asize ekufuneni izifundiswa ezengeziwe emgomweni wazo, lokho wakwenza ngokusho kuka Okthoba 1, 2012 imeyili kuMeghan Callahan we-BCF Wezindaba Zomphakathi, “Ngidlulisele [isicelo sakho sabaxhasi bezemfundo] eqenjini lamazwe omhlaba le-biotechnology elisekela izifundiswa. Ngiyasola ukuthi uzobe uzwa ezingxenyeni eziningi zomhlaba, ”kubhala uDkt Fedoroff.

Kusize ukubulala izidingo zedatha yezitshalo ezikhiqiza izibulala-zinambuzane

Ngo-2011 ngenkathi esebenza njengoMongameli we-AAAS, uDkt. Fedoroff wasebenza nabalingani bemboni yezolimo kanye nomuntu osebenzela izimboni ukumisa i-US Environmental Protection Agency ekudingeni izinkampani ukuthi zinikeze imininingwane eyengeziwe yezempilo nokuphepha yokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okuhlukaniswa njengezibulala-zinambuzane, ngokusho kwama-imeyili kuchazwe ngezansi.

Isiphakamiso se-EPA sisuselwe engxoxweni yePhaneli Elulekayo Yezesayensi ye-EPA yango-2009 mayelana izindlela zokwenza ngcono ikhono le-ejensi lokwenza izinqumo ezilawulayo mayelana nezitshalo ezenzelwe izakhi zofuzo ukukhiqiza noma ukuqukatha izibulala-zinambuzane, i-EPA eyibiza ngokuthi "izivikeli ezifakwe ezitshalweni" (ama-PIP). Amalungu ePhaneli acelwe ukuthi ahlole izidingo zamanje neziphakanyiswayo zedatha ye-EPA yama-PIP kulezi zindawo ezilandelayo: 

  • idatha yokuhlola ukufana okukhona phakathi kwama-PIP nama-allergen, ubuthi, ama-anti-nutrient namanye amaprotheni ayingozi; 
  • ukuhlolwa kwemiphumela ehambisanayo kwezempilo nakwizinto ezingezona ezihlosiwe, lapho izici ezimbili noma ngaphezulu ze-GMO zihlanganisiwe (istacked trait GMOs);
  • imithelela engahle ibe khona kubantu abancane bezinto eziphilayo emhlabathini; futhi 
  • idatha yokubhekana kangcono nemithelela yokugeleza kofuzo. 

Ngokuvumelana ne amanothi avela emhlanganweni we-EPA ka-Okthoba 2009, imithetho ehlongozwayo "izodidiyela kakhulu izidingo zedatha ezikhona ezisetshenziswa njengamanje," futhi izofaka imikhakha emihlanu yedatha nolwazi: ukwenziwa komkhiqizo, impilo yabantu, imiphumela engahlosiwe, ukuphela kwemvelo nokumelana ukuphathwa. EPA umemezele imithetho ehlongozwayo kwiRejista Yenhlangano ngo-Mashi 2011.

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know ngezicelo zamarekhodi womphakathi akhombisa ukuthi izimbangi zomfelandawonye zahlangana kanjani ukunqoba lesi siphakamiso.

Ama-imeyili akhombisa izingxoxo phakathi kukaBruce Chassy, ​​uprofesa wase-University of Illinois ngaleso sikhathi, u-Eric Sachs waseMonsanto nabanye abasebenza embonini bexoxa ngemisebenzi nangemihlangano ebandakanya uDkt Fedoroff. UChassy uzichaze kuma-imeyili (ikhasi 66) njengokuxhumana phakathi kwemboni nezifundiswa emzameni wokuphikisana nezidingo zedatha ye-EPA. Okufakwe kuma-imeyili akhe kuSachs bekukhona imibuzo yokuthi ngabe uMonsanto uthumele isheke yini e-University of Illinois Foundation ukuxhasa umsebenzi kaChassy “wokufinyelela kwe-biotechnology kanye nemisebenzi yezemfundo.” (Ngemininingwane engaphezulu ngezimali ezingadalulwanga uChassy azithola eMonsanto iminyaka njengoba ethuthukisa i-biotechnology, bheka kubika nguMonica Eng eWBEZ futhi ama-imeyili athunyelwe yiNew York Times.)

NgoJulayi 5, uDkt Chassy uthumele i-imeyili u-Eric Sachs waseMonsanto ukubika ukuthi uDkt Fedoroff uthumele i- incwadi eya ku-EPA ngaphezulu kwesiginesha yakhe esayinwe ngokubambisana ngamalungu angama-60 eNational Academy of Sciences. “UNina ulicoshe ibhola walisusa phansi enkundleni,” kubhala uChassy. Uchaze isiphakamiso se-EPA “njengokuphahlazeka kwesitimela.”

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi ngo-Agasti 19, abamele amaqembu ezokuhweba embonini babe umangele futhi wajabula (ikhasi 19) ukubona i-New York Times i-op-ed kusuka kuDkt. Fedoroff ephikisana nemithethonqubo yobunjiniyela bezakhi zofuzo; “Ngubani owenze isikhundla sikaNina?” U-Adrienne Massey we-BIO ubuze uDkt Chassy nabanye ababambisene naye embonini, Henry Miller futhi I-Val Giddings. UChassy uphendule wathi: 

UMassey udlulisele uDkt Chassy incwadi i-BIO ayithumele ku-EPA “enethemba lokuthi uzokwakhela encwadini yezifundiswa futhi anqamule noma yikuphi ukuphendulwa kwe-EPA kuleyo ncwadi.” Imizamo yabo ayiphumelelanga njengoba bebethemba. Ngo-Agasti 24, UDkt Chassy ubhalele u-Eric Sachs (ikhasi 14) ukuthi uDkt. Fedoroff “uthole impendulo evela ku-EPA eyinhlamba.” Uchaze izinhlelo zokuqinisa ingcindezi.

 

NgoSepthemba, uChassy uhlele ucingo lwengqungquthela noFedoroff, u-Eric Sachs weMonsanto, u-Adrienne Massey we-BIO kanye no-lobbyist wabo uStanley Abramson, phakathi kwabanye. Ngokusho kukaChassy amanothi asocingweni, "Ukuthola indlela yokuqinisekisa ukuthi isiphakamiso se-EPA asikaze sibone ukukhanya kosuku kungaba umphumela omuhle kakhulu esingalindela wona. Okulandelayo okuhamba phambili kuzoba ukuqinisekisa ukuthi yi-DOA, kodwa uma kunesidingo kumele sizimisele ukuqhubeka nokulwa. ” 

Wabuye wabelana ngenkinga yokuthi, “I-EPA ayikholwa ukuthi umphakathi wezemfundo ungaphikisana ngokuqinile nomthetho wabo ohlongozwayo; bakholelwa ukuthi bambalwa kuphela abambalwa abalandela isicelo nokuthi iningi labasayinile abazinikele kulolu daba. ” Leli qembu linqume ukuthi lidinga “ukwakha umgogodla wososayensi abaholayo empeleni abazimisele ukukhuluma futhi banikele ngesikhathi kulolu daba.” 

Ngo-Okthoba, iqembu lalinethemba kakhulu. UChassy wathumela i-imeyili ngamaSachs ukubika ngomhlangano "okhiqizayo ngokumangazayo" yena noDkt. Fedoroff bahambela noSteve Bradbury we-EPA. Umhlangano wawusungulwe nguMassey kanye no-Abramson owamukela izivakashi. Isiphakamiso se-EPA sokudinga imininingwane yama-GMO PIPs asikaze sikubone ukukhanya kosuku, ngokusho kukaMichael Hansen, PhD, usosayensi omkhulu we-Consumers Union, owabamba iqhaza emihlanganweni yomphakathi nale nhlangano.

Amaketanga e-imeyili aphelele, ngokusebenzisa Umtapo Wezincwadi Wezimboni we-UCSF: 

Ukubika okuhlobene  

"Ngavinjelwa engqungqutheleni yabezindaba yeNobel Laureate ngumxhumanisi we-PR noMonsanto Ties, ”NguTim Schwab, Food & Water Watch (2016) 

"AbaPuppetmasters base-Academia, ”NguJonathan Latham, PhD, Independent Science News (2015)

"Eminyakeni engama-20 kamuva: iqembu le-biotech limasha, ”I-Pesticide Action Network (2012) 

"Ukudla kwezobunjiniyela kukabani? ” ngu-Marcia Ishii-Eitemann, PhD, usosayensi omkhulu e-Pesticide Action Network North America (2011) 

"Uxolo, NY Times: Ama-GMO namanje ngeke asindise umhlaba, ”Ngu-Anna Lappe, Grist (2011) 

"Lapho ngiya khona uzwane nozakwabo wesayensi kaH. Clinton ngama-GMO, ”NguTom Philpott, Grist (2009) 

"I-Diplomat Eguqulwe Ngokofuzo: Inqubomgomo Yezangaphandle yase-US i-GMO Yonke Indlela, ”NguTom Philpott, Grist (2008)

Izibopho zikaGeoffrey Kabat kumaQembu Wezimboni Zikagwayi Namakhemikhali

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UGeoffrey Kabat, PhD, ungudokotela wezifo zomdlavuza futhi ungumbhali wababili izincwadi bethi lezo zingozi zezempilo zemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, amasimu kagesi, intuthu kagwayi kagwayi nokunye ukuvezwa kwemvelo “kweqiwe kakhulu. ” Uvame ukucashunwa emaphephandabeni njengesazi esizimele sengozi yomdlavuza. Izintatheli ezisebenzisa uDkt Kabat njengomthombo kufanele zazi (futhi ziveze) ubudlelwane bakhe obude nomkhakha kagwayi nokuzibandakanya namaqembu asebenzisana nemboni yamakhemikhali emikhankasweni ye-PR kanye nokunxenxa imikhankaso.

Umholi weqembu langaphambili nomeluleki

UDkt Kabat uyilungu le- ibhodi labaqondisi we-Science Literacy Project, iqembu labazali le- IGenetic Literacy Project, esebenza ekusithekeni neMonsanto ukukhuthaza nokuvikela imikhiqizo yezolimo. UDkt Kabat ubuye abe yilungu le- ibhodi labeluleki besayensi we Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (ACSH), iqembu lelo uthola uxhaso kusuka izinkampani zamakhemikhali, ugwayi nezemithi.

Kokubili i-Genetic Literacy Project ne-ACSH bahlanganyele neMonsanto emkhankasweni wobudlelwano bomphakathi ukuzama ukudicilela phansi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ngombiko wayo wokuthi i-glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko se-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto, ingumdlavuza womuntu ongaba khona. Ngokwamadokhumende akhishwe ngecala:

  • Uhlelo lweMonsanto PR (Febhuwari 2015) wabiza i-Genetic Literacy Project phakathi kwe- "Abalingani bemboni" IMonsanto ihlele ukuzibandakanya emizameni yayo "yokwehlisa umthelela" wombiko we-IARC. Izinhloso zohlelo lukaMonsanto bekuwukuvikela “idumela kanye ne-FTO ye-Roundup” futhi “nokuhlinzeka ngezembozo kuma-ejensi alawulayo…” I-GLP selokhu yathumela ngaphezu kwama-200 athikili egxeka i-ejensi yomdlavuza.
  • Ama-imeyili asuka kuFebhuwari 2015 khombisa ukuthi iMonsanto ixhaswe yi-ACSH ngokuqhubekayo futhi ifinyelela ekunikezeni i-ACSH "uhlu olugcwele" lolwazi lweMonsanto mayelana nombiko we-IARC we-glyphosate. Kuma-imeyili, abasebenzi bakwaMonsanto baxoxa ngokubaluleka kwezinto ze-ACSH kumuthi wokubulala izinambuzane, kanti omunye wabhala, "NGEKE UTHOLE UKUBALULEKA OKUNGCONO KWEDOLOLO LAKHO kune-ACSH." (kugcizelelwa koqobo)
  • Abasebenzi be-ACSH batshele uMonsanto ukuthi umbiko we-IARC glyphosate wawuse-radar yabo, base bephawula, “Siyabandakanyeka emaphephandabeni agcwele enkantolo: IARC, maqondana namakhemikhali e-ag, i-DINP [phthalate] nedizili.”

La maqembu asebenzise imilayezo efanayo ukuhlasela abacwaningi bomdlavuza be-IARC njengo “ukukhwabanisa kwesayensi"Futhi"izindawo eziphikisana namakhemikhali”Ngubani“ oqambe amanga ”futhi“bakhela uzungu lokumelela kabi”Isayensi ku-glyphosate. Bacaphuna uDkt Kabat njengo umthombo wokhiye ngezimangalo zokuthi i-IARC "idicilelwe phansi" futhi "ama-enviro-fanatic kuphela”Unake imibiko ngengozi yomdlavuza. UDkt. Kabat ubhale ukuthi “kukhona ngokoqobo azisekho izifundo esingakwenza ukukhombisa ukuthi i-glyphosate iphephile, ”ngokususelwa ku interview nochwepheshe ongaziwa.

Ukuhlasela ososayensi abaphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza

Esinye isibonelo sendlela uDkt Kabat asiza ngayo amaqembu axhunywe yiMonsanto emizamweni yakhe yokuhlambalaza iqembu elihlukile lososayensi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza nge-glyphosate ngoFebhuwari 2019 ukuhlaziywa kwe-meta. Ukuhlaziywa kwe-meta, okubhalwe ngokubambisana ngabososayensi abathathu abachwethezwe yi-EPA ukuze basebenze ekomidini lobuchwepheshe labeluleki besayensi le-glyphosate, kubike "izixhumanisi eziphoqayo" phakathi kokuvezwa kwama-herbicides asuselwa ku-glyphosate kanye nengozi eyengeziwe ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

UDkt. Kabat uphenye ukuhlaziywa ku-athikili eyashicilelwa okokuqala kuForbes kodwa kamuva isusiwe ngemuva kokuthi abahleli beForbes bathole izikhalazo ngokungadalulwa kukaKabat mayelana nobudlelwano bakhe ne-ACSH. Ngesikhathi ebuzwa ngalolu daba, iForbes ithe le ndatshana yadonswa ngoba yephula imigomo yeForbes kanti uKabat ngeke esaba negalelo kwiForbes.

I-athikili kaDkt Kabat esusiwe ye-Forbes isengaba njalo funda kwiSayensi 2.0, a iwebhusayithi ephethwe ngumqondisi wangaphambili we-ACSH, futhi inguqulo ivela ku-Genetic Literacy Project. Umqondisi Omkhulu we-GLP uJon Entine uphakamise udaba lukaDkt Kabat kanye neziphakamiso okungenzeka ukuthi ososayensi bazenzile “ukukhwabanisa ngamabomu. "

 
UJon Entine tweetI-Entine nayo iboshelwe ku- Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo. Ngo-2011, ngenkathi kunjalo ethola izimali ezivela eSyngenta, ACSH kushicilelwe incwadi ka-Entine evikela i-atrazine, isibulala-zinambuzane esenziwe yi-Syngenta.

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngokuhlaselwa okwenziwe umkhakha ku-IARC, bona:

Izibopho zikaDkt Kabat zesikhathi eside

UDkt. Kabat ushicilele amaphepha amaningana awathandayo embonini kagwayi axhaswe imboni kagwayi. Yena nombhali-mbhali wakhe kwamanye ala maphepha, uJames Enstrom (umphathiswa we-American Council on Science and Health), banokuxhumana okude embonini kagwayi, ngokusho kwephepha lika-2005 leBMJ Tobacco Control.

Ngo-2003 ocashunwe kabanzi iphepha kwaBMJ, Kabat nase-Enstrom baphethe ngokuthi intuthu kagwayi ayikhuphuli amathuba omdlavuza wamaphaphu nesifo senhliziyo. Ucwaningo beluxhaswe ngokwengxenye yiCentre for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), okuyiqembu lomkhakha kagwayi. Yize leyo mali yadalulwa, ukuhlaziywa okulandelayo ku Ukulawulwa Kogwayi weBMJ ibike ukuthi ukudalulwa okuhlinzekwe nguKabat no-Enstrom, yize behlangabezana nezindinganiso zale magazini, “akuzange kunikeze umfundi isithombe esiphelele sokubandakanyeka kwemboni kagwayi nababhali bezocwaningo. Imibhalo embonini kagwayi yembula ukuthi ababhali bebenesikhathi eside besebenzisana ngokwezimali nakwezinye izinto abasebenzisana nazo nemboni kagwayi. ” 

I-Enstrom iziphikisile lezi zimangalo ku- I-athikili ka-2007 ku-Epidemiological Perspectives and Innovation, ephikisa ngokuthi ukuxhaswa kwakhe nokuncintisana kwakhe kwachazwa ngokusobala nangendlela efanele ephepheni leBMJ lango-2003, nokuthi imali yezimboni zikagwayi ayizange ibe nomthelela ocwaningweni lwakhe. "Kuze kube manje, akukho okungahambi ngendlela, ukwenzelela noma ukungenzi okuthile okutholakele ohlelweni lokubuyekeza futhi akukho phutha emiphumeleni ekhonjwe ephepheni," kusho u-Enstrom. IYunivesithi yaseCalifornia ayikuvimbeli ukuxhaswa kwabacwaningi embonini kagwayi kodwa manje kwenqabela abacwaningi ukuthi bangaceli imali embonini kagwayi.

Ukuxhumana kwezezimali embonini kagwayi kubikwe ephepheni leBMJ Tobacco Control kufaka phakathi: 

Source: https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/14/2/118

Ngo-2019, usesho lwe- UGeoffrey Kabat Emibhalweni Yezimboni Zogwayi ye-UCSF uletha amadokhumende angaphezu kuka-800, kufaka phakathi i- Irisidi ka-2007 eya kuPhillip Morris ngemali engaphezulu kwama- $ 20,000 350 “yokubonisana ngemiphumela yempilo kagwayi ongaphakeme” ekhokhiswa ngo- $ XNUMX ngehora.

Ngo-2008, uKabat no-Enstrom bashicilela i- iphepha okuxhaswe kancane nguPhillip Morris ebika ukuthi ukuhlolwa kwangaphambilini kubukeka sengathi kudlulise amandla wenhlangano phakathi kwentuthu kagwayi wezemvelo kanye nesifo senhliziyo.

Ngo-2012, uDkt. Kabat ubhalile a iphepha ukuthola ukuthi osikilidi abasebenza ngophethiloli babengeyona ingxenye ebalulekile yomdlavuza wokuqunjelwa. Kulelo phepha, uDkt. Kabat uthe "ubesebenza njengomxhumanisi enkampanini yabameli nasenkampanini ebonisana ngemiphumela yempilo kagwayi wama-menthol."

Ngeminye imininingwane evela e-US Right to Know ngamaqembu angaphambili kanye nezifundiswa ezinamaqhina angadalulwanga ezinkampanini zokudla nezamakhemikhali, bheka I-Pesticide Industry Propaganda Tracker.

UJay Byrne: Hlangana noMuntu Olandela Umshini We-Monsanto PR

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

OwayenguMqondisi Wezokuxhumana Kwamabhizinisi uMonsanto uJay Byrne, umongameli wenkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi v-Amandla, ungumdlali oyinhloko kufayela le- i-covert inkulumo-ze nemikhankaso yokunxenxa izinkampani zezolimo ezinkulu kakhulu emhlabeni. Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know, kuthunyelwe ku-UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Archive, yembula uhla lwamasu akhohlisayo uByrne nabanye ababambisene nabo embonini abasebenzisayo ukukhuthaza nokuvikela ukudla kwe-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Izibonelo lapha zibonisa ezinye zezindlela izinkampani ezihambisa ngazo imiyalezo yazo enkundleni yomphakathi zisuka ngemuva kwesembozo samaqembu angaphambi kokuzwakala, abasizi bakahulumeni kanye nezifundiswa ezibonakala zizimele njengoba zisebenza nezinkampani noma ababonisi babo be-PR.

Amaklayenti: izinkampani eziphezulu zezolimo, ezolimo kanye nezinkampani zezidakamizwa 

KaByrne uhlu lwamakhasimende ifake phakathi uhla lwamabhizinisi amakhulu ezolimo kanye nezinkampani ezenza imithi namaqembu amabhizinisi, kufaka phakathi i-American Chemistry Council, iSyngenta, i-AstraZeneca, iMonsanto, iPfizer, i-American Farm Bureau, iNational Corn Growers Association, iGrocery Manufacturers Association, iRohm neHaas kanye nemboni yokubulala izinambuzane. iqembu lokuhweba iCropLife.

I-International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), ekhuthaza ukwenziwa kwezakhi zofuzo “iGolden Rice,” nayo iyiklayenti. Byrne ubambe iqhaza emizameni ye-PR yokuhlasela iGreenpeace nabanye abagxeka ilayisi le-GMO. Bheka nomtapo wolwazi wamakhompiyutha we-UCSF wabaningi amadokhumende afaka i-IRRI.

Kuphekwe iqembu eliphambili lezemfundo ukuze lihlasele abagxeki beMonsanto

Isu elisemqoka lomkhakha wezolimo, njenge I-New York Times ibike, ngukutshala osolwazi “besigqoko esimhlophe” ukulwa izimpi zomkhakha we-PR kanye nokunxenxa izimpi zisemuva kwesembozo "sokungakhethi kanye nesisindo segunya eliza nozalo loprofesa."

NgoMashi 2010, uByrne kanye noProfesa waseYunivesithi yase-Illinois UBruce Chassy uxoxe ngokusungula iqembu eliphambili elibizwa nge- "Academics Review" elingaheha iminikelo evela ezinkampanini ngenkathi libonakala lizimele. U-Byrne waqhathanisa lo mqondo nesikhungo senkululeko yabathengi (iqembu langaphambili eliqhutshwa udumo olubi inkulumo-ze yenkampani indoda engaphambili uRick Berman), okuthe “kwangena kulokhu ngokweqile; futhi ngicabanga ukuthi sinomqondo ongcono kakhulu. ” U-Byrne uchaze “uhla 'lwamathuba' anezinhloso” abangalulandela. UByrne wabhalela uDkt Chassy:

Wonke lawo maqembu, abantu kanye nezindawo zezihloko "kusho imali yezinhlangano zezinkampani ezithende kahle," kubhala uByrne. Uthe yena futhi UVal Giddings, PhD, owayeyisekela likamongameli weqembu lebhizinisi le-biotech i-BIO, ingasebenza "njengezimoto zokuhweba" zezifundiswa.

Ngo-November 2010, UByrne wabhalela uChassy Futhi, "Kuzoba kuhle ukuthola isigaba esilandelayo somsebenzi ekubuyekezweni kwe-Academics - sinezinga elihamba kancane eliqhamuka ngonyaka ka-2011 uma ibhizinisi lisafana." U-Byrne unikeze “ukuhlela isikhathi esithile sokwenza i-pro bono search engine optimization” ”ukuze iqembu lakhe libhekane nethonya lomgxeki we-GMO online. U-Byrne uphethe i-imeyili, "Njengenjwayelo, ngingathanda ukuthola isihloko esilandelayo (futhi sixhase) ukukhulisa lokhu ngenkathi sikwazi."

Ngo-2014, i-Academics Review yakhipha i- kubika ukuhlasela imboni ephilayo njengomkhonyovu wokumaketha; ezintweni zalo zokumaketha zombiko, i-Academics Review ithi izimele futhi ayizange iveze ukuxhaswa kwayo embonini yezolimo.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

"Imiklamo kahulumeni wase-US-GLP-Byrne" yokuthwebula izintatheli

Ukunxenxa kukaByrne nokusebenza kwe-PR kweGMO kanye nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane kuhlangana ezindaweni eziningi nomsebenzi we UJon Entine, omunye umuntu osemqoka emikhankasweni yokuvikela umkhakha wezolimo. U-Entine uqondisa i-Genetic Literacy Project, ayisungula ngo-2011 ngesikhathi iMonsanto isiyi- iklayenti lenkampani yakhe ye-PR. (I-Entine's PR firm ESG MediaMetrics ibhale iMonsanto njengekhasimende kuwebhusayithi yayo ku 2010, 2011, 2012 kuze kufike kuJanuwari 2013, ngokusho kwezinqolobane ze-inthanethi zisatholakala online.)

Ngo-December 2013, U-Entine ubhalele uMax T. Holtzman, owayeyibamba lesekela likanobhala ngaphansi koMnyango Wezolimo e-US, ukuze aphakamise ukusebenzisana ochungechungeni lwezinto azichaza ngokuthi “yimisebenzi kahulumeni wase-US-GLP-Byrne” ukukhuthaza ama-GMO. U-Entine ubhalele uHoltzman:

Isiphakamiso sika-Entine “Uhulumeni wase-US-GLP-Byrne”Amaphrojekthi afaka phakathi“ Ithimba leBoot Camp ne-Response Swat Team ”ukulungiselela izifundiswa ezivela eceleni ukuthi“ zibambe iqhaza ekushayweni komthetho ezindlebeni [ze-GMO] nakwezinye izindaba ezihlobene nazo, ”“ umhlangano wobuntatheli ”ukuqinisa ukusakazwa kwabezindaba mayelana nezinselelo zokuphepha kokudla kanye“ nokuhlinzeka ngoqeqesho kwizintatheli ezisencane, ”umkhankaso wokufinyelela kwabezindaba emhlabeni wonke wokukhuthaza ukwamukelwa kwe-biotechnology, kanye" nokuqukethwe kwemidiya eminingi nokubekwa okuvela emithonjeni ethembekile "kuqinisa izingqikithi ezibalulekile" ngamasegmenti nemibhalo etholakalayo etholakala kumawebhusayithi kahulumeni wase-US, i-GLP namanye amapulatifomu. "

UHoltzman uphendule, “Ngiyabonga Jon. Bekukuhle ukuhlangana nawe futhi. Ngicabanga ukuthi uhlaka lwakho olungezansi luhlinzeka ngamaphoyinti ezimpambanweni zemvelo lapho imiyalezo ye-usda / USG nemizamo yakho ihlangana kahle. Ngingathanda ukuqhubekisela phambili futhi ngixegise abanye abantu lapha e-usda hhayi nje kuphela abavela ezindaweni zobuchwepheshe / ezentengiselwano kodwa nasezitolo zethu zokuxhumana. ”

Amavidiyo aqondiswe ngabakhokhi bentela, aqondaniswe neMonsanto ukukhuthaza ama-GMO

Uchungechunge lwabakhokhi bentela oluxhaswe ngemali videos okwakhiqizwa ngo-2012 ukukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kunikeza esinye isibonelo sendlela izifundiswa namanyuvesi abephusha ngayo imiyalezo ehambisana nezinkampani. Inkampani ka-Byrne i-PR v-Fluence isize ekwakheni ama-video “abeklanyelwe ukuvela njengesabelomali esincane kanye nezimfundamakhwela,” ngokusho kwe-imeyili evela kuSolwazi uBruce Chassy wase-University of Illinois.

UDkt Chassy yabhalela abasebenzi baseMonsanto ngo-Ephreli 27, 2012:

U-Eric Sachs weMonsanto uphendule wathi:

AmaSachs anikele ngokusiza ngokuthumela imiyalezo ngamavidiyo wesikhathi esizayo ngokwabelana ngemiphumela yokuhlolwa kweqembu okwakugxilwa kulo okwenziwa uMonsanto. UDkt. Chassy umeme iSachs ukuthi inikeze iziphakamiso ngezihloko zevidiyo ezizayo futhi yamcela ukuthi athumele imiphumela yeqembu lokugxila leMonsanto.

Ukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuhlela impikiswano mayelana nama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides

Ngo-2014 nango-2015, uByrne wasiza uJon Entine ukuhlela ifayili le- Izinkambu zeBiotech Literacy Project ixhaswe yizinkampani zezolimo futhi ibanjwe ngokubambisana ngamaqembu amabili angaphambili embonini, Iphrojekthi ye-Entine's Genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo KukaBruce Chassy. Abahleli bedukise bachaza uxhaso lwalemicimbi njengokuqhamuka emithonjeni yezemfundo, kahulumeni neyezimboni, kodwa i okuwukuphela komthombo wokuthola imali owawungalandeleka kwakuyimboni yezolimo, ngokusho kombiko kaPaul Thacker. Inhloso yamakamu ama-boot, kusho uThacker, "kwakuwukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuthi bahlele impikiswano ngama-GMO nangobuthi be-glyphosate."

UByrne wayeseqenjini elalihlela, kanye noCami Ryan (manje osebenzela iMonsanto) noBruce Chassy (owayethola izimali ezivela eMonsanto lokho akuzange kuvezwe obala), ngokusho kwama-imeyili avela ku- Faka futhi Ryan.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

I-Bonus Eventus: ikamelo lezokuxhumana lomkhakha wezolimo lomkhakha wezolimo

Umsebenzi obalulekile uByrne ahlinzeka ngawo emizamweni yokwenyusa yezolimo ngumphakathi wakhe "we-Bonus Eventus" onikeza izifundiswa nabanye ababambisene nabo embonini ngamaphoyinti okukhuluma namathuba wokuphromotha. Ngaphakathi imibhalo (ikhasi 9) ichaza i-Bonus Eventus ngokuthi "ingosi yokuxhumana nabantu yangasese esebenza njengendawo yokubambisana kwezokuxhumana kososayensi abathanda ezolimo, abenza izinqubomgomo nabanye ababambe iqhaza." Amalungu athola incwadi yezindaba kaByrne, kanye nokufinyelela kulabhulali yakhe eyinkomba yezihloko zebhizinisi lezolimo, "imininingwane yababambiqhaza" yabantu abanethonya empikiswaneni ye-GMO, nokuqeqeshwa nokwesekwa kokuzibandakanya kwabezindaba zenhlalo.

Izibonelo zale ncwadi zingatholakala kulokhu inqolobane yama-imeyili asuka eByrne aya kuPeter Phillips, onguprofesa wase-University of Saskatchewan oke waba egxekwa ngozakwabo ngenxa yakhe vala ubudlelwano neMonsanto. Encwadini yezindaba kaNovemba 7, 2016, uByrne unxuse uPhillips nabanye abamukeli ukuthi babelane ngokuqukethwe mayelana "namaphutha nokushiyeka" ku Indaba yeNew York Times lokho kwabika ngokwehluleka kwezitshalo ze-GMO ukukhuphula isivuno kanye nokunciphisa izibulala-zinambuzane, futhi "imibuzo ekhulayo" ebhekene neqembu lomhlaba wonke lososayensi bomdlavuza ababika ukuthi i-glyphosate yi-carcinogen mhlawumbe yabantu ehambisana nohlelo lukaMonsanto lwe-PR ihlaze iphaneli lokucwaninga ngomdlavuza. (Bheka ne- iphepha lamaqiniso likaPeter Phillip imfihlo yochungechunge "ilungelo lokwazi").

U-Byrne unxuse umphakathi we-Bonus Eventus ukuthi wabelane ngokuqukethwe ngalezi zingqikithi kubalobi abaxhumene nomkhakha, njenge UJulie Kelly, UDkt. Henry Miller, UKavin Senapathy, I-Sci Babe futhi Hank campbell we Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu leMonsanto lalikhona ukukhokha ukusiza ukwehlisa isithunzi ososayensi bomdlavuza. Ku-2017, iForbes isuse inqwaba yama-athikili kaDkt.Miller - kufaka phakathi amaningana awabhala nawo Kelly, Senapathy neByrne - ngemuva kwe- I-New York Times ibike ukuthi uDkt. Miller wayeshicilele udaba eForbes ngaphansi kwegama lakhe okwakubhalwe ngalo isipoki nguMonsanto.

Umlindisango ngokuhlaselwa kweGreenpeace

Lapho iqembu labathola izindondo zikaNobel linxusa iGreenpeace ukuba iyeke ukuphikisa irayisi elenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, kwabukeka njengomzamo ozimele. Kepha ngemuva kwekhethenisi lezimpawu ezihlaba umxhwele bekungukusizwa kwabadlali ababalulekile emkhankasweni wezokuxhumana we-PR wemboni yezolimo: UJay Byrne kanye nelungu lebhodi le-Genetic Literacy Project. Byrne bekuposwe emnyango emcimbini we-2016 National Press Club okhuthaza iqembu elibizwa Sekela i-Precision Agriculture. Uhlobo lwe-.com lwaleyo webhusayithi luqondiswe kabusha iminyaka ku-Genetic Literacy Project, iqembu langaphambili elisebenzayo neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR ngaphandle kokudalula lezo zibopho. 

Ngakho-ke ngubani okhokhele umcimbi wezindaba we-anti-Greenpeace? USir Richard Roberts, isazi samakhemikhali ezinto eziphilayo owathi wahlela incwadi yabathole umklomelo kaNobel, uchaze le ndaba kwi-FAQ kuwebhusayithi: "umkhankaso ubusungabizi kakhulu kuze kube manje," ubhale, kubandakanya iningi lomholo wakhe okhokhelwe umqashi wakhe iNew England Biolabs kanye "nezindleko eziphuma ephaketheni" ezikhokhwe nguMatt Winkler. UWinkler, umsunguli nosihlalo wenkampani ye-biotech i-Asuragen, naye ungumxhasi futhi ilungu lebhodi yeGenetic Literacy Project, ngokusho kwewebhusayithi yeqembu. URoberts uchaze ukuthi uWinkler “ubhalise umngani, uVal Giddings,” (the iqembu langaphambili lokuhweba nge-biotech VP) “ophakamise uJay Byrne” (owayengumphathi wezokuxhumana kuMonsanto) owanikeza ukwesekwa kwe-pro bono logistical for the event.

U-Byrne no-Giddings baphinde basiza ukuhlela uhlelo lwe-Academics Review oluxhaswe yimboni, iqembu langaphambili abalisungula ukuthi livele lizimele ngenkathi lisebenza njengemoto yokuheha imali yezinkampani ukuze kutholakale abagxeki abahlaselayo bemikhiqizo ye-ag-biotech, ngokusho kwe ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know. Kuma-imeyili, uByrne waqamba igama elithi Greenpeace ku- Uhlu “lwamatshegethi” abelubhalela iMonsanto. Enye kaByrne amakhasimende yi-International Rice Research Institute, okuyiqembu eliyimboni eliyinhloko elizama ukuthengisa i-GMO Golden Rice, obekugxilwe kuyona yi-Greenpeace critique. Ucwaningo olwenziwe nguGlenn Davis Stone waseWashington University eSt. Louis luthole lokho isivuno esiphansi nobunzima bezobuchwepheshe babambe iGolden Rice, hhayi ukuphikiswa ngamaqembu ezemvelo.

Embuzweni wakhe we-FAQ, uDkt. Roberts waluchitha ucwaningo oluzimele lukaDkt. UJulie Kelly, Henry Miller futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa. Umcimbi wabezindaba wenzeke ngesikhathi esibucayi sezepolitiki, futhi waba usizo indaba eWashington Post, isonto ngaphambi kokuba iCongress ivote ukuvimbela amazwe ukuthi afake ilebuli yama-GMO.

Kusukela ngoJanuwari 2019, inguqulo ye- .com ye-Support Precision Agriculture iphinde yaqondiswa ku-Genetic Literacy Project. Ku-FAQ yakhe, uRoberts uthe akanabo ubudlelwano ne-GLP futhi wathi "umuntu ongaziwa" uthenge indawo efanayo "ngomzamo obonakalayo" wokuyixhumanisa ne-GLP. Uthe lesi yisibonelo sokuthi "amaqhinga angcolile eqembu eliphikisayo awanamkhawulo."
(Ukuqondisa kabusha kwenziwa kwasebenza esikhathini esithile ngemuva kokuthi lokhu okuthunyelwe kuqale ukusebenza.)

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

Ukwenza iwebhu isebenze ngabantu namawebhusayithi mbumbulu

Ukubikwa kwe UGuardian ngo-2002, UGeorge Monbiot uchaze iqhinga lokucasha ukuthi izinkampani zezolimo kanye nezinhlangano zabo ze-PR bezikade zisebenzisa amashumi eminyaka ukukhuthaza nokuvikela imikhiqizo yabo: ukudala ubuntu obungebona obusobala namawebhusayithi mbumbulu ukuze kuthuliswe abagxeki futhi kube nomthelela emiphumeleni yokusesha eku-inthanethi.

UMonbiot ubike ukuthi “izakhamizi mbumbulu” (abantu abebengekho empeleni) “bebehlasela amabhokisi asohlwini lwe-inthanethi ngemiyalezo esola ososayensi kanye nabezemvelo abebegxeka izitshalo ze-GM” - kanti izakhamizi mbumbulu zalandelwa zabuyiselwa enkampanini i-PR kaMons Bivings.

UMonbiot uchaze ukuxhumana kukaJay Byrne neBivings:

"Cabanga nge-intanethi njengesikhali esisetafuleni… kukhona ozobulawa."

“Ekupheleni konyaka odlule, uJay Byrne, owayengumphathi [weMonsanto] wezokuxhumana nge-internet, wachazela amanye amafemu amaqhinga ayewasebenzisile eMonsanto. Ukhombise ukuthi, ngaphambi kokuthi aqale ukusebenza, izingosi eziphezulu ze-GM ezibalwe yinjini yokusesha kwi-inthanethi zonke zazigxeka ubuchwepheshe. Ngemuva kokungenelela kwakhe, izingosi ezisezingeni eliphezulu zonke bezingabasekeli (ezine zazo ezisungulwe yinkampani yakwaMonsanto's PR Bivings). Ubatshele ukuthi 'bacabange nge-intanethi njengesikhali esisetafuleni. Kuphakathi kokuthi uyayicosha noma umuntu oyincintisana naye uyayithatha, kodwa kukhona umuntu ozobulawa. ' Ngenkathi esasebenzela iMonsanto, uByrne utshele iphephandaba le-inthanethi wow ukuthi 'uchitha isikhathi sakhe nomzamo wakhe ebambe iqhaza' ezingxoxweni zewebhu mayelana ne-biotech. Ukhethe indawo i-AgBioWorld, lapho 'eqinisekisa ukuthi inkampani yakhe idlala khona'. I-AgBioWorld yindawo lapho [isakhamuzi mbumbulu] uSmetacek eqale khona umkhankaso wakhe. ”

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

Okuningi okuvela kuJay Byrne

A Isethulo se-Power Point sika-2013 ibonisa indima edlalwa nguByrne kumakhasimende akhe embonini yezolimo. Lapha uchaza imibono yakhe ngabasekeli bezemvelo, ubeka ithonya labo online futhi unxusa izinkampani ukuthi zihlanganise izinsiza zazo ukubhekana nazo, ukuze kugwenywe "izingqinamba zokulawula nezimakethe."

The 2006 ibhuku “Bayekeni Badle Ukuqapha,” enyatheliswa yi- I-American Enterprise Institute futhi yahlelwa yimboni yezolimo Umsebenzi we-PR uJon Entine, iqukethe isahluko sikaByrne esihloko sithi, "Ukwakha kabusha i-Agricultural Biotechnology Protest Industry."

U-Byrne uyilungu le- "AgBioChatter," a uhlu lwe-imeyili oluyimfihlo ukuthi abasebenzi abaphezulu embonini yezolimo, abeluleki kanye nezifundiswa basebenzise ukuxhumanisa imisebenzi yokuthumela imiyalezo nokunxenxa. Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know khombisa uByrne ekhuthaza amalungu e-AgBioChatter ukuthi azame ukudicilela phansi isithunzi sabantu namaqembu ayegxeka ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides. Uhlelo lwe-Monsanto PR lwango-2015 olubizwa nge-AgBioChatter njengenye ye "Abalingani bezimboni" uMonsanto uhlele ukuzibandakanya ukusiza ukuhlazisa ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza mayelana ne-glyphosate.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

Izibopho zikaPamela Ronald's to Chemical Industry Front Groups

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Kubuyekezwe ngoJuni 2019

UPamela Ronald, PhD, uprofesa wezifo zezitshalo e-University of California, uDavis nombhali wencwadi yango-2008 ethi “Tomorrow's Table,” ungummeli owaziwayo wokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Okungaziwa kakhulu iqhaza likaDkt. Ronald ezinhlanganweni eziziveza njengabantu abazimele ngaphandle kwezimboni, kodwa empeleni basebenzisana nezinhlangano zamakhemikhali ukukhuthaza nokunxenxa ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, ezinhlelweni ezingafihli lutho emphakathini. 

Ixhumana neqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo

UPamela Ronald unobudlelwano obuningi neqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo, i IGenetic Literacy Project, kanye nomqondisi wayo omkhulu, uJon Entine. Ubasize ngezindlela eziningi. Ngokwesibonelo, imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi ngonyaka wezi-2015, UDkt. Ronald uqoke u-Entine njengomuntu ophakeme futhi ofundisa ezokuxhumana kwezesayensi e-UC Davis, futhi wabambisana ne-Genetic Literacy Project ukusingatha imboni yezolimo exhaswe ngemali umcimbi womlayezo abaqeqeshe abahlanganyeli ukuthi bangayikhangisa kanjani imikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project ichazwe ku umklomelo Okwezwe uphenyo njenge “website eyaziwayo yenkulumo-ze” eyadlala indima enkulu emkhankasweni weMonsanto wokuhlambalaza umbiko wenhlangano yocwaningo lomdlavuza yeWorld Health Organisation ngeglyphosate. Kwi Idokhumenti ka-2015 PR, IMonsanto ikhombe i-Genetic Literacy Project phakathiabalingani bemboni ” inkampani ihlele ukuzibandakanya "nokuhlela ukukhala" ngombiko womdlavuza. I-GLP kusukela lapho isishicilele izindatshana eziningi ezihlasela ososayensi bomdlavuza njenge- "anti-chemical enviros" eyaqamba amanga futhi yazibandakanya nayo inkohlakalo, ukuhlanekezela, ukufihla nokukhwabanisa.

I-Entine inezibopho zesikhathi eside embonini yamakhemikhali; umsebenzi wakhe uhlanganisa ukuvikela izibulala-zinambuzane, industrial Amakhemikhali, amapulasitiki, ukukhwabanisa, Kanye imboni kawoyela, imvamisa nge ukuhlaselwa kososayensi, izintatheli futhi izifundiswa.  Faka umkhankaso i-Genetic Literacy Project ngo-2011 lapho UMonsanto wayeyikhasimende yenkampani yakhe yezobudlelwano nomphakathi. I-GLP ekuqaleni ehlotshaniswa ne-STATS, izintatheli zeqembu elingenzi nzuzo zichaze njenge- “umkhankaso we-disinformation”Lokho imbewu ingabaza isayensi futhi “eyaziwa ngokuvikela kwayo imboni yamakhemikhali. " 

Ngo-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project yathuthela enhlanganweni entsha yabazali, i-Science Literacy Project. Ukufakwa kwentela kwe-IRS ngalowo nyaka kubonisiwe ukuthi uDkt. Ronald wayeyilungu lebhodi eyasungula i-Science Literacy Project, kodwa ama-imeyili kusuka ngo-Agasti 2018 khombisa ukuthi uDkt. Ronald uqinisekise u-Entine ukuthi asuse igama lakhe kwifomu lentela ngemuva kokuthi kwaziwe ukuthi ubhalwe lapho (ifomu elichitshiyelwe lentela selikhona manje kuyatholakala lapha). UDkt. Ronald ubhalele u-Entine, “Angizange ngisebenze kuleli bhodi futhi angizange nginike mvume yokuthi igama lami libhalwe. Ngicela uthathe izinyathelo ngokushesha ukwazisa i-IRS ukuthi igama lami lifakwe ohlwini ngaphandle kwemvume. ” U-Entine ubhale ukuthi unezinkumbulo ezihlukile. “Ngikhumbula kahle ukuthi wavuma ukuba yingxenye yebhodi futhi wahola ibhodi lokuqala… Wawunomdlandla futhi ungisekela empeleni. Akukho kungabaza engqondweni yami ukuthi uvumelane nalokhu. ” Yize kunjalo wavuma ukuzama ukususa igama lakhe embhalweni wentela.

Laba bobabili baphinde baxoxa ngefomu lentela ngoDisemba 2018 ngemuva kokuthi kuthunyelwe leli phepha. Kubhale u-Entine, “Ngikubhalile ku-original 990 ngokususelwa engxoxweni yocingo lapho uvumile ukuba khona ebhodini. Ngesikhathi ungimelela ukuthi awuvumelani nalokhu, ngicishe irekhodi njengoba ubucelile. ” Ku- enye i-imeyili ngalolo suku, ukhumbuze uDkt. Ronald ukuthi “empeleni ubuhlangene nale 'nhlangano: njengoba besisebenza ndawonye, ​​ngaphandle komzamo nangokwakhayo, ekwenzeni ikamu lamabhuzu enyuvesi yakho libe yimpumelelo enkulu.”  

Amafomu entela eSayensi Literacy Project manje abala amalungu amathathu ebhodi: Entine; UDrew Kershen, owayenguprofesa wezomthetho futhi owayesebhodini le- “Academics Review,” iqembu elalithi lizimele ngenkathi ithola izimali zayo ezinkampanini zezolimo; futhi UGeoffrey Kabat, ingcweti yezifo ezisebenza ku ibhodi labeluleki besayensi Okwe Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu lelo uthole imali evela kuMonsanto ngomsebenzi wayo wokuvikela ama-pesticides kanye nama-GMO.

Isungulwe, yahola iqembu le-UC Davis eliphakamisa imizamo ye-PR yomkhakha

UDkt Ronald wayengumqondisi osungula iWorld Food Center's Isikhungo Sokufunda Nokufunda Kwezolimo (IFAL), iqembu elasungulwa e-2014 e-UC Davis lokuqeqesha ubuhlakani kanye nabafundi ukukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, izitshalo nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Leli qembu alizivezi ngokugcwele izimali zalo.

Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald unikele UJon Entine neqembu lakhe eliphambili embonini I-Genetic Literacy Project yesikhulumi e-UC Davis, ukuqoka i-Entine njengomuntu omkhulu ongakhokhiwe we-IFAL kanye nomfundisi nomeluleki ohlelweni lokuthweswa iziqu kwezokuxhumana kwezesayensi. U-Entine akaseyena umngani e-UC Davis. Bona incwadi yethu yango-2016 eya kwiWorld Food Center ebuza ngezimali ze-Entine ne-IFAL kanye nabo incazelo engacacile mayelana nokuthi uxhaso lwabo luvelaphi.

NgoJulayi 2014, uDkt. Ronald waveza ku-imeyili asebenza naye ukuthi u-Entine wayeyi- umhlanganyeli obalulekile ongabanika iziphakamiso ezinhle zokuthi bangaxhumana nobani ukuze bathole imali eyengeziwe ngomcimbi wokuqala we-IFAL. NgoJuni 2015, i-IFAL yabamba iqhaza "Ikamu lokuqala le-Biotech Literacy Project”Nge-Genetic Literacy Project kanye ne- Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo zeqembu leMonsanto. Abahleli bathi lo mcimbi uxhaswe yimithombo yezemfundo, kahulumeni neyezimboni, kepha imithombo engeyona eyezimboni iyenqabile ukuxhasa le micimbi kanye ne kuphela umthombo wokuthola imali ongalandeleka uvela embonini, ngokusho kokubikwa kukaPaul Thacker ku-The Progressive.

Amarekhodi entela akhombisa lokho kubuyekezwa kwezifundo, okwakuthola okwayo imali evela embonini yezolimo iqembu lokuhweba, lisebenzise u- $ 162,000 engqungqutheleni yezinsuku ezintathu e-UC Davis. Inhloso yekamu ebhuthini, ngokwe-ajenda, bekuzoqeqesha nokuxhasa ososayensi, izintatheli nabaphenyi bezemfundo ukuze banxenxe umphakathi kanye nabenzi benqubomgomo ngezinzuzo zama-GMO nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Izikhulumi enkanjini yebhuthi i-UC Davis zifakiwe UJay Byrne, Owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana ezinkampanini kaMonsanto; Hank campbell yezimali ezixhaswa yiMonsanto Umkhandlu waseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo; osolwazi abanezibopho zomkhakha ezingadalulwanga ezifana USolwazi Emeritus Bruce Chassy wase-University of Illinois futhi USolwazi Kevin Folta waseYunivesithi yaseFlorida; UCami Ryan, manje osebenzela iMonsanto; UDavid Ropeik, umxhumanisi wokuqonda ngobungozi onenkampani ye-PR amaklayenti afaka iDow neBayer; kanye nabanye ababambisene nomkhakha wezolimo.

Izikhulumi eziyinhloko kwakunguDkt. Ronald, UYvette d'Entremont uSci Babe, "umxhumanisi wezesayensi" ovikela izibulala-zinambuzane neziswidi zokufakelwa ngenkathi ethatha imali ezinkampanini ezidayisa leyo mikhiqizo, noTed Nordhaus we-Breakthrough Institute. (UNordhaus naye wabalwa njengelungu lebhodi leSayensi Literacy Project kwifomu lokuqala lentela lika-2015/2016, kodwa igama lakhe lasuswa kanye noDkt. Ronald's kwifomu echitshiyelwe i-Entine efakwe ngo-2018; uNordhaus uthe akakaze asebenze ebhodini.)

Ukupheka ukuduba kukaChipotle

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald noJon Entine babambisene ekuthumeleni imiyalezo ukudicilela phansi abagxeki bokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Kwesinye isikhathi, uDkt. Ronald uphakamise ukuthi ahlele ukuduba ngokumelene nechungechunge lokudlela laseChipotle ngenxa yesinqumo salo sokunikela nokuphromotha ukudla okungewona okwe-GMO.

Ngo-Ephreli 2015, uDkt Ronald wathumela i-imeyili i-Entine futhi U-Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, owayeyisisebenzi sangaphambilini seMonsanto nochwepheshe wezokweluleka ngokubambisana e-UC Davis, ukusikisela ukuthi bathole umfundi ozobhala ngabalimi abasebenzisa izibulala-zinambuzane ezinobuthi kakhulu ukutshala ummbila ongewona owe-GMO. "Ngiphakamisa ukuthi silazise leli qiniso (uma nje sesithole imininingwane) bese sihlela ukuduba kwe-chipotle, ”Kubhala uDkt Ronald. U-Entine wayalela umlingani wakhe ukuthi abhale i-athikili ye-Genetic Literacy Project ngesihloko esithi "ukusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane kuvame ukukhuphuka" lapho abalimi beshintshela kwimodeli engeyona eye-GMO ukuhlinzeka izindawo zokudlela ezinjengeChipotle. I- esihlokweni, obhaliswe ngokuhlanganyela ngu-Entine futhi etusa ubulungu bakhe be-UC Davis, wehluleka ukufakazela leso simangalo ngedatha.

Iqembu le-biotech spin elenziwe ngokubambisana iBioFortified

UDkt. Ronald wasungula futhi wakhonza njengelungu lebhodi (2012-2015) le I-Biology Fortified, Inc. (i-Biofortified), iqembu elithuthukisa ama-GMO kanye ineqembu lesishoshovu sozakwethu lokho kuyahlela imibhikisho yokubhekana nabagxeki baseMonsanto. Abanye babaholi beBiofortified kufaka phakathi ilungu lebhodi lokusungula uDavid Tribe, isazi sezofuzo e-University of Melbourne owasungula Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo, iqembu elalizimele ngenkathi ethola izimali zezimboni, futhi esebenzisana ne-IFAL ukusingatha iBiotech Literacy Project “camp boot” e-UC Davis.

Owayelilungu lebhodi uKevin Folta (2015-2018), usosayensi wezitshalo eNyuvesi yaseFlorida isihloko sendaba yeNew York Times ebika ukuthi udukise umphakathi ngokusebenzisana kwemboni okungadalulwanga. Ama-blogger ase-Biofortified afaka uSteve Savage, owake waba khona Isisebenzi saseDuPont saphenduka umxhumanisi wemboni; UJoe Ballanger, a umxhumanisi weMonsanto; no-Andrew Kniss, one uthole imali evela kuMonsanto. Imibhalo iphakamisa ukuthi amalungu eBiofortified axhumene nge imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane emkhankasweni wokunxenxa ukuphikisa imikhawulo yezibulala-zinambuzane eHawaii.

Udlale indima ehamba phambili kumabhayisikobho e-propaganda axhaswa ngezimboni

UDkt. Ronald uveze ngokugqamile kwiFood Evolution, ifilimu eliwumbhalo mayelana nokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okuxhaswa yiqembu lezokuhweba i-Institute for Food Technologists. Inqwaba yezifundiswa zinayo wabiza inkulumo-ze yefilimu, nabantu abambalwa okwaxoxwa nabo ngefilimu ichaze inqubo ekhohlisayo yokuqopha ifilimu futhi wathi imibono yabo ikhishwe kumongo.

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2017/06/gmo-industry-propaganda-film-food-evolution/

Umeluleki womkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi obususelwa eCornell

UDkt Ronald usebhodini lokweluleka leCornell Alliance for Science, umkhankaso we-PR ozinze eCornell University okhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane usebenzisa imiyalezo yezimboni zezolimo. Ixhaswe ngokuyinhloko yiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, iCornell Alliance for Science inayo waphikisana nokusetshenziswa koMthetho Wenkululeko Yolwazi ukuphenya izikhungo zikahulumeni, udukise umphakathi ngolwazi olungaqondile nezithunywa eziphakeme ezingathembekile; bheka imibhalo ekhasini lethu lamaqiniso.

Uthola imali evela embonini yezolimo

Imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know ikhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald uthola isinxephezelo ezinkampanini zezolimo ukuze akhulume emicimbini lapho ekhuthaza khona ama-GMO kubabukeli abakhulu izinkampani ezifuna ukubathonya, njengodokotela bezokudla. Ama-imeyili asuka kuNovemba 2012 ahlinzeka ngesibonelo sendlela uDkt Ronald asebenza ngayo nezinkampani.

Umsebenzi waseMonsanto uWendy Reinhardt Kapsak, udokotela wezokudla owake wasebenzela imboni yokudla spin iqembu IFIC, wamema uRonald ukuba azokhuluma ezingqungqutheleni ezimbili ngo-2013, iFood 3000 kanye ne-Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference ne-Expo. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi laba ababili kuxoxiswane ngezimali nokuthengwa kwezincwadi futhi wavuma ukuthi uDkt. Ronald uzokhuluma eFood 3000, ingqungquthela eyayihlelwe yinkampani ye-PR uPorter Novelli uKapsak athi izofinyelela "kwabezindaba abaphezulu abangama-90 ababa nomthelela wokudla kanye nabadlondlobele." (UDkt. Ronald ukhokhe u- $ 3,000 kulo mcimbi). UKapsak ucele buyekeza amaslayidi kaDkt. Ronald bese usetha ucingo lokuxoxa ngemiyalezo. Futhi kuphaneli bekukhona umongameli uMary Chin (udokotela wezokudla okwathi ubonisana neMonsanto), kanye nabamele iBill & Melinda Gates Foundation neMonsanto, noKapsak enikeza izinkulumo zokuvula. UKapsak ubike kamuva ukuthi iphaneli lithole ukubuyekezwa okukhulu ngabahlanganyeli bethi bazokwabelana ngombono wokuthi, "Kufanele sibe ne-biotech yokusiza ukondla umhlaba. "

Ezinye izingxoxo zokuxhaswa kwezimboni zikaDkt Ronald zifake owe-2014 inkulumo eMonsanto ngoba $ 3,500 kanye namakhophi wencwadi yakhe ayi-100 yena unqabile ukuthumela ku-tweet mayelana; nokubandakanyeka kokukhuluma ngo-2013 akubhalisele IBayer AG nge $ 10,000.

Amaphepha ahoxisiwe

I-Watch Retraction ibike ukuthi, “u-2013 ubungunyaka onzima kusazi sezinto eziphilayo uPamela Ronald. Ngemuva kokuthola iprotheni ebonakala ivusa amasosha omzimba elayisi ukuvikela isifo esivamile sebhaktheriya - esikisela indlela entsha yokwakha izitshalo ezingamelana nezifo - yena nethimba lakhe kwadingeka bahoxise amaphepha amabili ngo-2013 ngemuva kokuthi bengakwazanga ukuphindaphinda abakutholile. Amacala: uhlobo lwebhaktheriya olubhalwe kabi kanye ne-assay eguquguqukayo kakhulu. Kodwa-ke, ukunakekela nokusebenza obala akubonisile kwamzuzela 'ukwenza okulungile'wavuma kithi ngaleso sikhathi. "

Bona ukumbozwa:

"Wenzani ngokuhlehlisa okubuhlungu? I-Q & A enoPamela Ronald noBenjamin Swessinger, " I-Watch Retraction (7.24.2015)

"Ngabe isithunzi sesayensi sikaPamela Ronald, ubuso bomphakathi bamaGMOs, singasindiswa?”NguJonathan Latham, Izindaba Ezizimele Zesayensi (11.12.2013)

"UPamela Ronald wenza okulungile futhi, ehoxisa iphepha leSayensi, " I-Watch Retraction (10.10.2013)

"Ukwenza okulungile: Abaphenyi bahoxisa iphepha lokuzwa ikhoramu ngemuva kwenqubo yomphakathi, " I-Watch Retraction (9.11.2013)

UKeith Kloor: Indlela intatheli yesayensi esebenza ngayo ekusithekeni nabalingani bemboni

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UKeith Kloor uyintatheli ezisebenza ngokuzimela futhi uyilungu le-adjunct journalism faculty e University of New York obhalele i- Imvelo, Isayensi Ngaphakathi, Isilayidi kanye nezindatshana eziningi ze- Thola Umagazini ukugqugquzela ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo nokuhlasela abagxeki bemboni yezolimo, kuyilapho kusizwa nabalingani bemboni ekusithekeni.

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know, athunyelwe ku- Umtapo Wezincwadi Wemibhalo Yezimboni ze-UCSF, iveze izimo lapho uKloor aqeqesha futhi ahlela khona imithombo yakhe, afihla izimboni zomthombo womthombo, futhi abike ngokukhethekile ngolwazi ngezindlela eziqinisa ukulandisa kwemboni. UKloor unqabile ukuphendula imibuzo yalesi sihloko.

Ukukhululwa kokukhetha, okukhethiwe kwama-imeyili we-FOIA

Kusukela ngo-2015 kuya ku-2017, iKloor ibike ukuthi Nature, Isayensi Insider, Discover, Izinkinga Kwezesayensi Nobuchwepheshe, Futhi Slate on a uphenyo lwamarekhodi womphakathi yi-US Right to Know eveze ubudlelwano obungadalulwanga phakathi kwemboni yezolimo kanye nezifundiswa ezixhaswe esidlangalaleni ezithuthukisa imikhiqizo yezolimo, kufaka phakathi USolwazi Kevin Folta wase-University of Florida. Kuzozonke izingcezu ezishicilelwe, uKloor wafaka izicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi njengomthwalo ongadingekile kwizifundiswa.

Ama-imeyili atholakele ngezicelo zamarekhodi wombuso aveza ukuthi uKloor uqobo wayeyingxenye yendaba ayebika ngayo; ubekade ehambele izingqungquthela zokuqeqesha imiyalezo ezixhaswe umkhakha wezolimo noDkt. Folta futhi wasiza uDkt Folta ngokuthumela imiyalezo. Ukuxhumana kukhombisa ukuthi uDkt Folta welule isandla kuKloor ukuze asikisele ukuthi akhululwe ama-imeyili akhe “ngaphambi kokulungiselela” ukusiza ukunciphisa umonakalo wamadokhumende - uKloor akwenzayo, kumagazini Nature. Ngesikhathi esifanayo lapho uKloor ebekhuluma ngendaba yezincwadi eziphambili zesayensi, amadokhumende akhombisa ukuthi wabamba iqhaza ezingxoxweni nabangaphakathi embonini mayelana nezinselelo ezibangelwa izicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi.

Umugqa wesikhathi wokubika nokusebenzisana:

Ukuqeqesha, ukuhlela imithombo; kufihla ubuhlobo bemboni

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uKloor usebenze nemithombo yakhe ekusithekeni ukucija imiyalezo yabo ukusekela imbangela yezimboni yezolimo: ukukholisa abathengi abaqaphile ukwamukela ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Enye yale mithombo kwakungu UDkt Kevin Folta, iNyuvesi yaseFlorida uprofesa owayengumuntu osemqoka uKloor evezwe ezindabeni azibhalela ezincwadini zesayensi ngokusebenza obala kwezemfundo.

Umkhankaso wokuguqula uBill Nye

NgoNovemba 2014, uKloor wasebenzisa eyakhe Discover blog ukufaka inselelo Ukugxeka kukaBill Nye mayelana nama-GMO nge "Incwadi evulekile eya kuBill Nye evela kuSosayensi Wezitshalo" esayinwe nguDkt. Folta. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uKloor ubuzile UDkt Folta ukuphonsela inselelo uNye, weza nomqondo wencwadi evulekile futhi uqeqeshe uDkt Folta ukuthi abhalwa kanjani. Wabe-ke kuhlelwe i-biography kaDkt Folta ukugwema ukubalula imali yezimboni, ngokusho kwama-imeyili.

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uKloor wabhalela uDkt. Folta uhlu lwezinto eziphilayo olufaka phakathi umugqa othi, “Alukho ucwaningo oluxhaswe yiMonsanto.” UDkt. Folta umcele ukuthi alungise leso sigwebo, ebona ukuthi iMonsanto ngokungaqondile ixhase eminye yemizamo yakhe yokufinyelela kubantu nge-biotech nokuthi uthole imali yocwaningo enkampanini encane ye-biotech. UKloor uthathe isinqumo ngomlando ongagwegwesi ukubalula ngezimali zemboni kaDkt Folta ngokuphelele: “Ucwaningo lwakhe luxhaswe yizinhlangano zombuso nezikahulumeni.”

Ku-imeyili engezansi, uKloor unikeze uDkt Folta umhlahlandlela wokuthi uyibhalela kanjani uNye incwadi:

Cishe ngaleso sikhathi, iMonsanto nayo yayinxenxa uNye ukuthi ashintshe isikhundla sakhe kuma-GMO, ekugcineni waphumelela ukwenza. Mashi 2015 Washington Post indaba mayelana nokuguquka kukaNye kwasho ukuthi ukugxeka kukaNye amaGMO “kwacasula ososayensi abaningi,” kodwa kwaxhunyaniswa kuphela nencwadi kaDkt Folta kubhulogi likaKloor.

Thola: "Akuyona inqubomgomo yethu yokwazisa imithombo"

Ama-imeyili avela ngo-Agasti 2014 akhombisa uKloor enikeza iseluleko semiyalezo kuDkt Folta kanye nomunye umthombo, uDkt Karl Haro von Mogel, umqondisi wezindaba Iqembu lephromoshini le-GMO iBiofortified. UKloor ubacele ukuba bahlaziye udaba lukaCarole Bartolotto, udokotela wezokudla obebhale ngokugxeka ngama-GMO. Ama-imeyili akhombisa lokho UKloor ukuhlelile ukuphawula nezindlela eziphakanyisiwe zokuqinisa imiyalezo: “Iseluleko sami: gcina ulimi lungathathi hlangothi futhi lungahluleli ngangokunokwenzeka. Ubheke abantu abahlala kocingo, abangahle bavinjwe ulimi olukhulunywa kabi. ”

UKloor uthumele ukugxekwa kweBartolotto kweyakhe Discover blog futhi wachaza uDkt. Folta no-von Mogel "njengososayensi ababili abangalutholi uxhaso embonini ye-biotech." Ama-imeyili kamuva aveze ukuthi, emasontweni ambalwa ngaphambili, iMonsanto yayinayo uvumile ukuxhasa ezikaDkt. Folta imizamo yokukhangisa yama-GMO; futhi, ehlobo eledlule, uDkt Folta wahlela ukuvakashela eHawaii eyonxenxa imingcele yokubulala izibulala-zinambuzane ohambweni ihlelwe futhi ikhokhelwa yiqembu lokuhweba lomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane (UDkt von Mogel naye wayefakiwe kulawo ma-imeyili). I-athikili kaKloor isavela ku- Discover iwebhusayithi ngaphandle kokuvuselelwa noma ukulungiswa.

Okwe-2017 Isihloko sokubhalwa kukaHuffington, kubuza intatheli uPaul Thacker Discover umhleli wephephabhuku u-Becky Lang ukuze aphawule ngama-imeyili eBartolotto. ULang unqabile ukuphawula ngokuningiliziwe, kodwa wathi: “Impela, akusiyo inqubomgomo yethu manje, futhi akukaze kube njalo, ukugqugquzela imithombo ukuthi ibhale ukugxeka, ukuhlela ukugxeka, bese ikwenza njengokuzimela. Futhi akuyona inqubomgomo yethu ukuthi imithombo yosizo izame ukufihla ubudlelwane bayo bemboni. ” (EzikaKloor Discover I-blog yaphela ngo- yaphela ngo-Ephreli 2015.)

UJon Entine, uxhumano lweProjekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project  

Imibhalo emikhulu kaKloor evikela imboni yezolimo ingabukwa kuwebhusayithi ye I-Genetic Literacy Project, iwebhusayithi yokwazisa yomkhakha wezolimo lokho izindatshana eziningi ebhalwe nguKloor noma ecaphuna umsebenzi wakhe. IGenetic Literacy Project ilawulwa nguJon Entine, osebenza isikhathi eside PR okhuthaza futhi avikele izintshisekelo zemboni yamakhemikhali. U-Entine unguthishanhloko we-PR firm ESG MediaMetrics, amaklayenti akhe afaka iMonsanto. AbakwaKloor no-Entine basebenzisa imiyalezo efanayo futhi babeke izingqinamba ngezindlela ezifanayo, futhi babonakala benobudlelwano obusondelene, ngokusho kwama-imeyili.

Nge-imeyili kaJulayi 2013 eya eqenjini lokwamukela izimboni zezibulala-zinambuzane, u-Entine uchaze uKloor njenge “umngani wami omuhle kakhulu”Ngubani ongasiza ekuthengiseni umhlangano nomunye Discover blogger ukubhala ngemisebenzi yezimboni yezolimo eHawaii. Enye i-imeyili ikhombisa i-Entine exhuma iKloor noRebecca Goldin eGeorge Mason University ukuxoxa "ngokuhlukunyezwa kwe-FOIA." UGoldin usebenza nowayengumqashi we-Entine i-STATS, iqembu lezintatheli elizichaze njengeumkhankaso we-disinformation”Lokho isebenzisa amaqhinga kagwayi kuya kwakha ukungabaza ngengozi yamakhemikhali.

Kwenye i-imeyili evela ngo-Okthoba 2014, uKloor wayeyintatheli kuphela owayefakwe kwi-imeyili exwayisa inkampani yakwaKetchum yezobudlelwano bomphakathi mayelana ukusebenza okungenzeka kube nokugenca kumawebhusayithi ezinkampani yiqembu elingaziwa. I-imeyili ithunyelwe ngu- U-Adrianne Massey, umphathi omkhulu weBiotechnology Industry Association (BIO), eqenjini lababambisene nabo embonini, kufaka phakathi i-Entine.

“Angazi nakancane ukuthi hlobo luni lokuhlaselwa. Izinhlangano ezizimele kungenzeka kube yizo kuphela ezihlose ukuzenza, kepha angifuni ukuthi kulimale noma ngubani kini onibona njengabalingani bezimboni, ”kubhala uMassey.

U-Kloor ungenile ku-imeyili ngu UDkt. Channapatna Prakash, ummeli nomphathi weGMO eTuskegee University. Okunye okufakwe ku-imeyili kwakunguJay Byrne (owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto), I-Val Giddings (owayeyisekela likamongameli wenhlangano yezohwebo ye-biotech), UKarl Haro von Mogel (umqondisi wezindaba we Kwenziwe kabusha), UBruce Chassy noDavid Tribe (ababambisene nabo Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo zeqembu eliphambili leMonsanto), kanye nabanye ababambisene nomkhakha abalulekile abakhuthaza ama-GMO baphinde bagqugquzele ukwehliswa kwemithetho UKevin Folta, Henry Miller, UDrew Kershen, UKlaus AmmannUPiet van der Meer futhi UMartina Newell-McGloughlin.

Abasizi bemboni bavame ukuthuthukisa umsebenzi kaKloor; bona ama-tweets ngo URobb Fraley waseMonsantoUJon Entine, Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project kanye nemboni yezolimo iqembu lokuhweba i-CBI.

Ukufunda okuqhubekayo:

Iphrojekthi kaJon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Izithunywa ze-PR zeMonsanto, iBayer kanye neMboni Yamakhemikhali

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UJon Entine ungumsunguli nomqondisi omkhulu we-Genetic Literacy Project, umlingani oqavile emizamweni yobudlelwano bomphakathi neMonsanto yokuvikela nokuvikela imikhiqizo yezolimo. U-Entine uziveza njengegunya lokulawula isayensi, kepha ubufakazi obuchazwe kuleli qiniso bukhombisa ukuthi usebenza isikhathi eside no-PR ngokuxhumana okujulile nemboni yamakhemikhali futhi uxhaso lwezimboni olungadalulwanga.

Umsuka weProjekthi ye-Genetic Literacy: inkampani yaseMonsanto PR futhi engenzi nzuzo enobudlelwano bakagwayi

U-Entine futhi ungumsunguli futhi uthishanhloko we-ESG MediaMetrics, inkampani yezobudlelwano bomphakathi eyayine IMonsanto njengeklayenti ngo-2011 lapho ifemu kubhaliswe igama lesizinda leGeneticLiteracyProject.org.

U-Entine ngaleso sikhathi wayeqashwa yiStatistical Assessment Services (STATS), iqembu elingenzi nzuzo izintatheli elizichaze njenge “umkhankaso we-disinformation" leyo "kwaziwa ukuthatha izikhundla ezivumela ukuvumelana okungokwesayensi noma ukuchitha ubufakazi obuvelayo bokulimala. ” IGenetic Literacy Project yathuthukiswa "njengohlelo lokuqondiswa kwezigwegwe olunama-STATS," ngokusho kuka izingobo zomlando zewebhu. Ngo-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project yathutha ngaphansi kwesambulela seqembu elisha, iSayensi Literacy Project, elathola ifa le-STATS inombolo kamazisi wentela.

Uphenyo olwenziwe yiMilwaukee Journal Sentinel luthole ukuthi i-STATS ibiyi “umdlali omkhulu emkhankasweni wobudlelwano bomphakathi wokuhlambalaza ukukhathazeka nge-bisphenol A”Nokuthi inhlangano yabazali bayo, iCentre for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA),“ yayingu ikhokhwe ngeminyaka yama-1990 nguPhilip Morris, inkampani kagwayi, ukuze ihlukanise izindaba ezigxeka ukubhema. ” U-Entine wayengumqondisi we-CMPA ngonyaka wezimali ka-2014/2015, ngokusho kumafomu entela.

UMonsanto wayeyiklayenti lenkampani ye-Entine's PR ngenkathi ibhalisa isizinda seProjekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo.

Ozakwethu neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR / ukuhlaselwa kososayensi 

Imibhalo etholwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi futhi kusuka icala elibhekene neMonsanto khombisa ukuthi i-Entine ne-Genetic Literacy Project bayasebenzisana neMonsanto ukukhuthaza nokuvikela ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides, ngaphandle kokudalula ukusebenzisana kwabo:

  • Uhlelo lwe-Monsanto PR lwe-2015 ikhombe i-Genetic Literacy Project njengenye ye "Abalingani bemboni" IMonsanto ihlele ukuzibandakanya emizameni yayo "yokuhlela ukukhala" mayelana a umbiko womdlavuza kusuka ku-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ukuze "kuvikelwe isithunzi" seRoundup. I-GLP ithumele izindatshana ezingaphezu kwama-200 mayelana ne-IARC, eziningana zazo ukuhlaselwa ososayensi othole i-glyphosate carcinogenic njenge ukukhwabanisa futhi abaqambimanga abani kuqhutshwa inzuzo nokuyize.
  • Umklomelo Uphenyo lukaLe Monde mayelana "neMonsanto Papers" ichaze i-Genetic Literacy Project njenge- "webhusayithi eyaziwayo ye-propaganda" "enikezwa abantu be-PR abaxhumene nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane kanye ne-biotechnology," futhi yadlala indima enkulu emizameni kaMonsanto "yokuqeda umdlavuza weZizwe Ezihlangene ukuhlangana nanoma iyiphi indlela. ”
  • Ekugcwalisweni kwenkantolo ngo-2017, abameli babamangali abamangalela iMonsanto ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngomdlavuza we-glyphosate bachaze i-Genetic Literacy Project kanye ne-American Council on Science and Health ngokuthi “izinhlangano ezihlose ukuhlazisa ososayensi nokuqhakambisa imininingwane ewusizo eMonsanto nakwabanye abakhiqizi bamakhemikhali.”
  • Ngo-2014 nango-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project isebenze neMonsanto nenkampani yabo ye-PR ukushicilela nokuphakamisa uchungechunge lwamaphepha e-pro-GMO abhalwe ngosolwazi ngaphandle kokudalulwa kwendima yenhlangano. Bona umbiko weBoston Globe, “Uprofesa waseHarvard wehlulekile ukudalula ukuxhumana kweMonsanto. "
  • Ngokwe-imeyili kaSeptemba 2014, Abaphathi beMonsanto bakhethe i-Genetic Literacy Project “njengendawo yokuqala” yokushicilela amaphepha oprofesa, nokwakha “uhlelo lokuthengisa” nenkampani ye-PR i-CMA ukukhuthaza amaphepha.
  • Inkampani i-PR i-CMA, eseyethiwe kabusha njenge-Look East, iqondiswa nguCharlie Arnot, naye ophethe i- Isikhungo Sobuqotho Bokudla, engenzi-nzuzo ethola uxhaso kuMonsanto - futhi inikela ku Iphrojekthi Yezofuzo.
  • Ngo-2014 nango-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project ibambisene no Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, iqembu eliphambili leMonsanto, ukuhlela izingqungquthela ezixhaswa ngezimboni eYunivesithi yaseFlorida nase-UC Davis "ukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuhlela impikiswano ngama-GMO nobuthi be-glyphosate," njengo UPaul Thacker ubike kuThe Progressive.

Ixhumana neSyngenta / American Council on Science and Health

ISyngenta ibixhasa i-ACSH ngenkathi ishicilela incwadi ka-Entine ivikela umuthi wokubulala izinambuzane waseSyngenta.

UJon Entine uboshelwe eduze ne Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (ACSH), iqembu eliphambili lenkampani lelo uthola imali evela eMonsanto nezinye izinkampani zamakhemikhali. I-ACSH ishicilele incwadi ka-Entine ka-2011, evikela i-atrazine, isibulala-zinambuzane esenziwe yiSyngenta. Ukubika kukaTom Philpott eMother Jones naseCentre for Media and Democracy kuqinisekisa ukuthi iSyngenta yayixhasa i-ACSH ngaleso sikhathi, nokuthi i-ACSH icele iSyngenta ukuthi inikeze ngezimali ezengeziwe zephrojekthi ebandakanya incwadi ezwakala njengencwadi ka-Entine.

Umbhalo kaPhilpott kuMama Jones uchaze izimo eziholele ekushicilelweni kwencwadi ka-Entine, ngokuya ngemibhalo etholwe ngu- Isikhungo Semidiya Nentando Yeningi lokho kuchaza umkhankaso weSyngenta PR ukuthola ababambisene naye abavela eceleni ukuvikela i-atrazine.

Ngo 2009, Abasebenzi be-ACSH babuze uSyngenta ngoxhaso lwama- $ 100,000 - “oluhlukile futhi oluhlukile kunokwesekwa kokusebenza okujwayelekile iSyngenta ibilokhu inikela ngokukhululeka eminyakeni edlule” - ukukhiqiza iphepha kanye "nencwajana elungele abathengi" mayelana ne-atrazine. Ngo-2011, I-ACSH imemezelwe Incwadi entsha ka-Entine kanye “nephepha lokuma elinomngane, elifushanisiwe,” zombili zivikela i-atrazine. U-Entine utshele uPhilpott ukuthi “akazi” ukuthi uSyngenta uxhasa i-ACSH.

Ingqikithi ebalulekile: ukuhlaselwa kososayensi nezintatheli

Indikimba ebalulekile emsebenzini ka-Entine ukuhlasela ososayensi nezintatheli ezibika ngokugxeka ngomkhakha wamakhemikhali, imboni kawoyela noma izinkinga zezempilo ezihambisana nazo. Ezinye izibonelo:

  • Liyahlaselwa New Yorker Intatheli uRachel Aviv ngomzamo wokwehlisa isithunzi sakhe ukubika ngemibhalo yangaphakathi yeSyngenta lokho kuveza ukuthi le nkampani yamakhemikhali izame kanjani ukonakalisa isithunzi sika-UC Berkeley uSolwazi Tyrone Hayes ngenxa yocwaningo lwakhe oluxhuma i-herbicide atrazine nezinkinga zokuzalwa zamaxoxo. Umthombo oyinhloko we-Entine kwakunguBruce Chassy, ​​uprofesa owayenguye ethola imali buthule kusuka eMonsanto futhi kwasiza ukuqala i- Iqembu eliphambili leMonsanto ukuhlasela abagxeki bezimboni.
  • Liyahlaselwa UProfesa waseHarvard uNaomi Oreskes, umbhali ngokubambisana we Abahwebi Ukungabaza, “njengoLuddite odumile, uRottweiler onobuhlakani obusebusweni bakho, ezemvelo, obabuxakayo ngokungadingekile ubuchwepheshe besimanje.”
  • Umangalelwe UMphathi weSikole Sobuntatheli saseColumbia uSteve Coll kanye nentatheli uSusanne Rust “wokugcoba i-Exxon” ngokubika ukuthi i-Exxon ibisazi iminyaka eminingi ukuthi ukushintsha kwesimo sezulu kuyiqiniso kepha ifihle isayensi ukugcina imali igeleza.
  • Phakathi ku ukuhlaselwa okulandelwayo (selokhu isuswe kufayela le- Huffington Post iwebhusayithi), u-Entine usole uRust wokwephula izimiso zokuziphatha ngokubika kwakhe ochungechungeni olwawina imiklomelo kwi-BPA okwakungu kufakwe kuhlu olufushane ngomklomelo wePulitzer; U-Entine akazange adalule ukuthi ukubika kwakhe kukhombe owayengumqashi wakhe i-STATS njenge- umdlali omkhulu emizameni ye-PR yomkhakha.

Umzila Wezezimali KaMurky wokungena ne-GLP

Umlando woxhaso lwe-Entine uyinkimbinkimbi futhi u-opaque, kepha imibhalo yentela nokudalulwa kwakhe uqobo kuveza iphethini yezimali ezivela emithonjeni engaziwa nasezisekelweni zamaphiko angakwesokudla ukususa ukwehliswa kwemithetho kanye nokwenqatshelwa kwesayensi yezulu, kanye nemali engadalulwanga evela embonini ye-biotechnology.

Inothi elicacile, eliguqula njalo "lokubonisa izinto obala"

Umbhalo othi “obala kwezezimali” kwiwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project awunembile, ushintsha kaningi futhi kwesinye isikhathi uyaziphikisa. Ngo-2017 nango-2018, i-Genetic Literacy Project ithi ithola uxhaso kusuka kuzisekelo ezimbalwa kufaka phakathi izisekelo zeTempleton neSearle, okuyi abaxhasi abahola phambili bemizamo yokuphika isayensi yezulu. I-GLP ibuye ibhale uxhaso oluvela eCentre for Food Integrity, a iqembu lemboni yezokudla ethola imali evela kuMonsanto futhi ibuye isebenzisane neMonsanto ne-Genetic Literacy Project ukukhuthaza imboni yezolimo i-PR.

In Septhemba 2016, "ukudalulwa" Inothi lithe i-GLP ayitholanga mali ezinkampanini, kodwa iveze u- $ 27,500 "wokudlula" ovela ku- "Academics Review Charitable Association," okubukeka sengathi ayikho. Leli qembu ngokusobala Izifundo zeRegional.org, a iqembu langaphambili elathola uxhaso lwalo embonini yezolimo iqembu lokuhweba.

In Mashi 2016, i-GLP ayidalulanga ngezezimali futhi u-Entine wazama ukuqhela i-GLP kumqashi wakhe wangaphambili we-STATS, ethi i-STATS inikezela ngezinsizakalo zokubalwa kwezimali kuphela nokuthi amaqembu awabandakanyeki emisebenzini yomunye nomunye. Kodwa ngo-2012, i-GLP yathi “ithuthukiswe njengohlelo lokuqondiswa kwezigwegwe nge-STATS. "

Isikhungo Sezindaba Nezindaba Zomphakathi / IGeorge Mason University

Okonyaka wezimali 2014 / 2015, ngokuya ngamarekhodi entela, u-Entine wathola ama- $ 173,100 ngomsebenzi wakhe wokuba “umqondisi” eCentre for Media and Public Affairs, iqembu elizinze eGeorge Mason University futhi elasungulwa ngu-GMU Professor URobert Lichter. I-CMPA wakhokhelwa nguPhillip Morris ngawo-1990 ukwehlisa ukukhathazeka ngogwayi, ngokusho kwemibhalo ekwi-UCSF Library Industry Library.

I-CMPA ayidaluli abaxhasi bayo kepha ithole uxhaso ku-George Mason University Foundation, i umamukeli oholayo yeminikelo ehlangene neCharles Koch kanye neKoch Industries. I-GMUF iphinde yathola ama- $ 5.3 wezigidi kuDonors Trust nakwiDonors Capital Fund phakathi kuka-2011-13, ngokusho koMgcini. Lezi zimali zixhuma imali evela kubanikeli abangaziwa kufaka phakathi izinkampani emikhankasweni nasezifundweni eziphokophela izintshisekelo zemboni, njengoba iGreenpeace ikhombisile uphenyo olufihliwe.

Izinkokhelo ze-STATS nemalimboleko

Iqembu lodadewabo le-CMPA, nalo elasungulwa nguLichter futhi elizinze eGMU, kwakuyiStatistical Assessment Services (STATS), iqembu elingenzi nzuzo eladlala indima enkulu embonini yamakhemikhali emizamweni yokuvikela imikhiqizo enobuthi, ngokusho kokubika I-Intercept, I-Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, I-Atlantic futhi I-Consumer Reports.

Ngokuya ngamafomu e-IRS:

  • Ama-STATS akhokhelwe ukufaka u- $ 140,600 ku- 2012 / 2013 futhi $ 152,500 ku 2013 / 2014 “njengomxhumanisi ocwaningayo”
  • I-STATS kanye ne-Centre for Media and Public Affairs zombili zibhalise i-Entine njengoMqondisi ku 2014 / 2015 ngesinxephezelo se- $ 173,100. Amarekhodi entela awo womabili amaqembu abuye abala uMengameli uTrevor Butterworth ngama- $ 95,512 noMqondisi uTracey Brown ngaphandle kwesinxephezelo. UTracey Brown ungumqondisi weSense About Science, iqembu futhi ihlola isayensi ukuvikela izintshisekelo zemboni yamakhemikhali; IButterworth isungulwe i-Sense About Science USA ngo-2014 futhi bahlanganisa ama-STATS kulelo qembu.
  • I-Science Literacy Project yathatha i-ID yentela ye-STATS ku 2015 futhi kufakwe ohlwini njengoMqondisi Ophethe enxeshezelwa ngama- $ 188,800.
  • Ku-2018, i-ESG MediaMetrics, inkampani ye-Entine's PR, kubike u- $ 176,420 emholweni.

ICentre for Media and Public Affairs nayo ibolekise imali kwaSTATS, okuthi “ngenxa yokungabi bikho kwemali eyanele” “engakabuyiselwa imali.” IGeorge Mason University Foundation, engadaluli uxhaso lwayo, yanikeza izibonelelo ze-CMPA kuleyo minyaka. Amarekhodi entela akhombisa:

Imali yezimboni ze-Biotechnology yokuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli

Ngo-2014 nango-2015, i-Council for Biotechnology Information, exhaswa yi-BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont kanye neMonsanto Company, yachitha imali engaphezulu kwama- $ 300,000 emicimbini emibili eyayihlelwe yi-Genetic Literacy Project neqembu eliphambili le-Academics Review to “qeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuhlela impikiswano mayelana nama-GMO nobuthi be-glyphosate, ”Ngokwamarekhodi entela nokubika ku I-Progressive. Imicimbi, ibizwa nge- Izinkambu zeBiotech Literacy Project, zabanjelwa e- IYunivesithi yaseFlorida ngo-2014 futhi UC Davis ngo-2015. Ama-ajenda achaza imicimbi ngokuthi "ukuqeqeshwa kwamakhono okuxhumana" kososayensi nezintatheli ukusiza ukuqamba kabusha impikiswano yokuphepha kokudla kanye ne-GMO, futhi bathembisa ukuhlinzeka ososayensi “ngamathuluzi nezinsizakusebenza ezidingekayo ukuze bahlanganyele kahle abezindaba futhi bavele njengongoti kwezomthetho ukulalelwa kohulumeni basekhaya, nokunye ukwenziwa kwemigomo kanye namathuba okufinyelela kubantu ahlobene nalokhu. ”

Isikhundla ekuqaleni ikamu lokuqala ebhuthini kufaka phakathi abamele abavela embonini yezolimo, amaqembu aphambili embonini yokudla namaqembu ezentengiselwano, kanye nezifundiswa ze-pro-GMO kufaka phakathi i-University of Florida Professor UKevin Folta, kanye noProfesa Emeritus waseYunivesithi yase-Illinois UBruce Chassy, bobabili abamukele imali engadalulwanga evela eMonsanto futhi bathuthukisa ama-GMO nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane abathengisa ngayo iMonsanto abathembele kuyo. Washington Post umlobi wephephabhuku lokudla uTamar Haspel, ubani futhi yemukela imali evela kuzintshisekelo zebhizinisi lezolimo, wayeyintatheli kwi-faculty.

Abaxhasi bezimali zesayensi yezulu

Abasekeli abakhulu bezezimali baka-Entine owayengumqashi we-Entine kanye neqembu lakhe lamanje le-Genetic Literacy Project bafaka izisekelo zamaphiko angakwesokudla - ikakhulukazi iScaife Foundation, iSearle Freedom Trust neTempleton Foundation - abahola phambili ekuxhasweni kwezimali zesayensi yezulu, ngokusho kwe Ucwaningo lwe-2013 Drexel University. Bona uphenyo lwe-USRTK: Izimali Zenethiwekhi Yezenhlalo Yesimo Sezulu Esenqabela Inkulumo Yamakhemikhali Anobuthi.

Umfana wezokuvikela umkhakha wamakhemikhali

Iminyaka eminingi, u-Entine ubengumvikeli ovelele wezintshisekelo zemboni yamakhemikhali, elandela incwadi yokudlala yomkhakha: uvikela amakhemikhali njengaphephile; uphikisana nomthethonqubo; futhi ihlasela isayensi, izintatheli zesayensi kanye nabanye baphakamisa ukukhathazeka.

Ukuvikela ama-neonicotinoids

Growing ubufakazi besayensi busikisela ukuthi i-neonicotinoids, isigaba esisetshenziswa kakhulu semithi yokubulala izinambuzane, siyisici esibalulekile ekufeni kwezinyosi. I-European Union ikhawulele ama-neonics ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngomthelela ezinyosini. I-athikili kaFebhuwari 2020 ku-The Intercept kaLee Fang yabika “ngezinkampani zemininingwane yolwazi” izinkampani zokubulala izinambuzane ezilwela ukugcina amakhemikhali emakethe e-US Entine kube yisithunywa esiyinhloko esisekela imboni; uphikise ngokuthi ama-neonics akuyona into ehamba phambili ekufeni kwezinyosi (I-American Enterprise Institute), ukuthi "i-apocalypse yezinyosi yayingakaze ibe ngeyangempela," (Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo) kanye nezinswelaboya okuthiwa zingasiza impilo yezinyosi (I-American Enterprise Institute futhi Forbes). U-Entine uphinde wahlasela ucwaningo lukaprofesa waseHarvard ngezinyosi iColony Collapse Disorder (I-American Enterprise Institute) futhi wasola osopolitiki baseYurophu ngokuzama ukubulala izinyosi ngokuvimbela ama-neonics (Forbes).

Ukuvikela ama-phthalates

Ama-Phthalates ayisigaba samakhemikhali eside axhunyaniswe nokuphazamiseka kwamahomoni, ukulimala kokuzala, izinkinga zokuzala kanye nezixhumanisi zokukhuluphala kwengane, isifuba somoya, izinkinga zezinzwa nezinkinga zenhliziyo. Uhulumeni wase-US waqala ukuvimbela amakhemikhali kumathoyizi ezingane ngo-2013 ngenxa yezinkinga zezempilo. U-Entine uvikele imikhiqizo yezingane equkethe amakhemikhali. "Ambalwa amakhemikhali asemakethe namuhla ahlolisiswe ngokwesayensi njengama-phthalate esters," kubhala u-Entine (Forbes) - kepha akazange asho umzimba obalulekile of ubufakazi besayensi ihlanganiswe ngaphezu kweminyaka engamashumi amabili exhumanisa ukuvezwa kwe-phthalate ku- ukukhula okungavamile kokuzala in izingane zabafana. Imiyalezo yayihlanganisa nokuhlaselwa kwezintatheli; U-Entine usole intatheli ye-NBC ephakamise imibuzo ngokuphepha "kobuntatheli obungenazinhloso." (Forbes). Inkampani yokuxhumana yakwa-Entine, ESG MediaMetrics, yenze i-PR ye Isikhungo seVinyl; i-vinyl plastic ingumthombo obalulekile wokuchayeka kuma-phthalates. U-Entine akazange adalule ukuxhumana kwemboni ezindabeni zakhe zeForbes.

Ukuvikela ukujija

I-Entine ivikela ukubhoboza umfutholuketshezi ("fracking"), ukudonsa amanzi anengcindezi ephezulu anamakhemikhali emhlabathini ukuze aqhekeze i-shale futhi akhiphe igesi yemvelo. Njengakwimikhankaso yakhe eminingi yokuthumela imiyalezo, u-Entine uqhumisa isayensi nososayensi abaphakamisa ukukhathazeka, ebabiza ngokuthi "izishoshovu," ngenkathi enza izitatimende ezishisayo nezingenakuphikiswa mayelana nesayensi "ehlakaniphile" eyenziwe eminyakeni eminingi evikela ukuphepha kwayo. Isibonelo, u-Entine wathi: “Ngokombono wesayensi, asikho isizathu sokuthi umsolwa izindaba ezingaziwa zezempilo noma ezemvelo zizovela ”kusuka ekuqhekekeni (New York Post).

Futhi, ukuhlaselwa bekuyingxenye eyinhloko yemiyalezo. U-Entine usole izintatheli ze-New York Times ngokukhohlisa izingane ngobungozi bezemvelo bokuthwebula (Forbes), wahlasela ososayensi ababili baseCornell University ocwaningweni lwabo bephakamisa ukuthi imisebenzi yokuqhekeza ivule i-methaneForbes), futhi yahlasela iPark Foundation, yathi “icishe yachitha isandla esisodwa sokwakha i-shale-gas eNew York State ecebile nge-methane, futhi yafaka uphawu lwayo emibonweni yomphakathi nasezinqumweni zenqubomgomo ezweni lonke.” (Ubuhle obuyindilinga)

Ukuvikela i-BPA

U-Entine ubhala evikela ikhemikhali i-bisphenol A (BPA), yize kukhona ubufakazi obuningi besayensi obuzisa ukukhathazeka mayelana ne-endocrine yayo ephazamisa amandla nezinye izinkinga zempilo ezihambisana nayo. ICanada imemezele ukuthi leli khemikhali linobuthi ngo-2010, kanye ne-EU kuvinjelwe i-BPA emabhodleleni ezingane e 2011.

U-Entine uhlasele abacwaningi baseyunivesithi, ama-NGO nezintatheli bezwakalisa ukukhathazeka nge-BPA (Forbes), kuphakanyiswe ukuthi abesifazane abangakwazi ukukhulelwa akufanele bakusole kuplastikhi (Forbes), futhi waphonsela inselelo ososayensi abaxhumanisa i-BPA nesifo senhliziyo (Forbes).

Ukuvikela Amandla Enuzi

I-Entine ivikela nemboni yamandla enuzi; usho ukuthi izikhungo zamandla enuzi zikhona imvelo imvelo nokuthi “akukho okubi njengaseChernobyl okungenzeka kwenzeke eNtshonalanga.” Usole uSolwazi uNaomi Oreskes waseHarvard isayensi "ukuphika," ngoba, phakathi kokunye, ukukhomba ubungozi bezomnotho nezemvelo bamandla enuzi.

Ubuhlobo

U-Entine ubengumuntu ongakhokhelwa eCentre for Health and Risk Communication eGeorge Mason University (GMU) kusuka ngo-2011-2014. U-Entine ubuye abe ngumuntu ophethe phambili e-UC Davis World Food Center's Institute for Food and Agricultural Literacy, engadaluli. abanikeli bayo, kanye a ovakashele esikanye naye e-American Enterprise Institute, ithangi lokucabanga le-DC elixhaswe ngokwengxenye ngu Inkampani futhi imali emnyama iminikelo.

Bona futhi, Ikhasi le-Greenpeace Polluter Watch kuJon Entine naku “indaba efihliwe yePhrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project. "

Amaqembu ahlobene nabantu

Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo
UGeoffrey Kabat
UJay Byrne
Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa
UPamela Ronald no-UC Davis
Amaphrojekthi we-Biotech Literacy 

Imibhalo Eyimfihlo Idalula Impi kaMonsanto Ngososayensi Bomdlavuza

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

NguStacy Malkan (kubuyekezwe ngoMeyi 17, 2019)

UDeWayne Johnson, ubaba oneminyaka engama-46 obulawa yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, waba ngumuntu wokuqala ukubhekana IMonsanto ecaleni ngoJuni odlule ngenxa yezinsolo inkampani yafihla ubufakazi ngezingozi ezibangelwa umdlavuza ze-Roundup weedkiller yayo. Amajaji aselokhu abuya nawo ezintathu ngazwi linye izinqumo ukuthola ukuthi i-glyphosate-based Roundup herbicides iyimbangela enkulu yomdlavuza, futhi yalinganisa umonakalo omkhulu wokujeziswa kweBayer (manje esingeyaseMonsanto). Izinkulungwane eziningi zabantu zimangalele izinkantolo zombuso nezikahulumeni, kanye nemibhalo yezinkampani ephuma ezivivinyweni ikhanya kakhulu kumaqhinga anzima iMonsanto esetshenziselwa ukuphika ingozi yomdlavuza nokuvikela ikhemikhali elaliyi lynchpin yenzuzo yayo.

“IMonsanto kwakungumbhali waso wesipoki ngokubuyekezwa kokuphepha, ”kubika iBloomberg, kanye nesikhulu se-EPA kubikwa ukuthi wasiza uMonsanto “Bulala” ucwaningo lomdlavuza lwenye i-ejensi (lokho kuphuma, manje kuphelile qinisekisa isixhumanisi somdlavuza ku-glyphosate). An uphenyo olwawina imiklomelo eLe Monde Imininingwane yokuthi uMonsanto uzame kanjani “ukubhubhisa i-ejensi yomdlavuza yeZizwe Ezihlangene nganoma iyiphi indlela” ukusindisa i-glyphosate. Izindatshana zeJenali ezisuselwa ekubukezweni kombiko wemibhalo yokutholwa kwesilingo seRoundup ukuphazamiseka kwebhizinisi encwadini yesayensi kanye nenhlangano elawula umthetho, nezinye iziboneloukufaka ubuthi emthonjeni wesayensi. "

“Ukubhalwa kwesipoki kukaMonsanto nokuqinisa izikhali kusongela isayensi yomsindo nomphakathi, "Kubhala uSolwazi waseTufts University uSheldon Krimsky ngoJuni 2018. Uthe imibhalo etholakele," yembula ukuthunjwa kwesayensi okuyinkampani, okubeka impilo yomphakathi kanye nesisekelo sentando yeningi engcupheni. "

Kusukela lapho, njengoba sekuqhubeka izivivinyo, sekuvele eminye imibhalo mayelana ne ubukhulu bokukhohlisa kukaMonsanto kwenqubo yesayensi, izinhlaka zokulawula, nezimpikiswano zomphakathi. NgoMeyi 2019, izintatheli eFrance uthole imfihlo "Ifayela leMonsanto" eyenziwe yinkampani yezobudlelwano bomphakathi iFleishmanHillard ibala "inqwaba yolwazi" cishe izintatheli ezingama-200, osopolitiki, ososayensi nabanye ababonakala bengaba nomthelela empikiswaneni ye-glyphosate eFrance. Abashushisi eFrance bavule uphenyo lobugebengu futhi IBayer ithe iphenya inkampani yayo i-PR.

Le mpi yenkampani yesayensi inomthelela omkhulu kithi sonke, uma kubhekwa ukuthi uhhafu wabo bonke abesilisa e-US kanye nowesithathu kwabesifazane bazotholakala benomdlavuza esikhathini esithile sokuphila kwethu, ngokusho kwe I-National Cancer Institute.

Imibhalo imboni yokudla ayifuni ukuthi uyibone

Sekuyiminyaka, izimboni zokudla nezamakhemikhali zibheke ngqo kokuhlosiwe okukodwa emhlabeni wesayensi: i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), iqembu elizimele locwaningo elisebenze iminyaka engama-50 khomba izingozi zomdlavuza ukwazisa izinqubomgomo ezingavimbela umdlavuza.

“Kade ngilwa i-IARC unomphela !!! :) ”omunye usosayensi owayenguKraft Foods wabhalela owayengusosayensi waseSyngenta ku-imeyili itholwe ngesicelo samarekhodi esivulekile sombuso. “Ukudla ne-ag sekuvinjezelwe kusukela eGlyphosate ngoMashi 2015. Sonke kudingeka sihlangane ngandlela-thile siveze i-IARC, njengoba nina nenze ephepheni. Izinto eziza kuqala kakhulu yizo zonke izithako zokudla: i-aspartame, i-sucralose, i-iron yokudla, i-B-carotene, i-BPA, njll. I-IARC iyasibulala! ”

Isazi se-IARC isinqumo sephaneli ukuhlukanisa i-glyphosate ngokuthi “mhlawumbe ibanga umdlavuza kubantu” kudale indawo yokuhlangana yezitha zephaneli ukuqoqa amabutho. Umbhalo osemqoka weMonsanto okhishwe ngamacala wecala wembula uhlelo lokuhlaselwa: ihlazisa ososayensi abanomdlavuza ngosizo lwabalingani embonini yezokudla.

Uhlelo lukaMonsanto lokuxhumana nomphakathi unikeze abasebenzi abangu-20 bezinkampani ukulungiselela umbiko we-IARC we-carcinogenicity on glyphosate, ngezinhloso ezibandakanya "ukunciphisa umthelela," "ukubeka umbono womphakathi nge-IARC," "ukufinyelela komlawuli," "ukuqinisekisa i-MON POV" kanye "nokubandakanya izinhlangano zezimboni" "ekuthukutheleni. ”

Lo mbhalo ukhombe izigaba ezine "zabalingani bemboni" ukusiza ukuqhubekisela phambili izinhloso ezintathu ezishiwo ohlelweni lwe-PR: ukuvikela isithunzi se-Roundup, ukuvimbela izimangalo zomdlavuza "ezingenasisekelo" ekubeni umbono ovamile, kanye "nokuhlinzeka ngezembozo ezinhlanganweni ezilawulayo" ukuqhubeka nokuvumela ukusetshenziswa kwe-glyphosate.

Ukuthola inethiwekhi kaMonsanto "yabalingani bemboni"

The amaqembu abalingani bemboni uMonsanto uthephiwe ukwehlisa isithunzi ososayensi be-IARC babandakanya izinhlangano ezinkulu zokubulala izinambuzane kanye nezimboni zokudla; amaqembu e-spin axhaswa ngezimboni aziveza njengemithombo ezimele efana Izimpendulo ze-GMO futhi Umkhandlu Wemininingwane Yomhlaba Wokudla; futhi "isayensi-y" kuzwakala amaqembu angaphambili afana Umuzwa weSayensi, lo Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa - konke kusetshenziswa imilayezo efanayo futhi kuvame ukubhekiswa komunye nomunye njengemithombo.

Amadokhumenti atholiwe yi-US Right kuya Yazi uphenyo khanyisa ukuthi la maqembu abalingani asebenzisana kanjani ukukhuthaza i- "MON POV" mayelana nokuphepha kanye nesidingo semithi yokubulala izinambuzane kanye nama-GMO.

Iqoqo elilodwa lemibhalo lembula ukuthi izinkampani zikaMonsanto ze-PR zahlela kanjani “Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo” njengenkundla ezwakala ingathathi hlangothi lapho ingaqala khona ukuhlaselwa uhlu lwezitha, kufaka phakathi iSierra Club, umbhali uMichael Pollan, i-movie ethi Food, Inc. kanye ne- imboni yemvelo.

Abakhi bokubukeza kwezifundo - ababambisene nabo UBruce Chassy futhi UDavid Tribe, Isikhulu seMonsanto u-Eric Sachs, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana eMonsanto uJay Byrne, Futhi owayeyi-VP weqembu lokuhweba lomkhakha we-biotech iVal Giddings - wakhuluma obala in ama-imeyili maqondana nokusungula ukubuyekeza kwe-Academics njengeqembu eliphambili lokukhuthaza izintshisekelo zemboni nokuheha imali yemboni, ngenkathi kugcinwa izigxivizo zeminwe zenkampani zifihliwe.

I-imeyili evela ku-Eric Sachs, iMonsanto'sScience, Technology & Outreach Lead, iya kuBruce Chassy

Ngisho namanje ngebhuku labo lokudlala lidaluliwe - kanye nelabo imali eyisisekelo ikhonjisiwe njengoba ivela eqenjini lezentengiselwano elixhaswe ngabakwaMonsanto, iBayer, iBASF, iSyngenta neDowDuPont - i-Academics Review isafuna lokho iwebhusayithi ukwamukela iminikelo evela “emithonjeni okungeyona eyezinkampani” Ukubuyekezwa kwe-Academics kubuye kuthiwe "Ukubuyekezwa komdlavuza we-IARC glyphosate kwehluleka ezingxenyeni eziningi," ku okuthunyelwe itholwe yiwebhusayithi ye-PR exhaswa yimboni Izimpendulo ze-GMO, iqembu eliphambili elixhaswe yimboni Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, kanye nendatshana yeForbes ngu Henry Miller lokho kwabhalwa isipoki nguMonsanto.

UMiller nabahleli be-Academics Review Chassy, ​​Tribe, Byrne, Sachs and Giddings are amalungu e-AgBioChatter, isithangami se-imeyili sangasese esivele ohlelweni lweMonsanto lwe-PR njengomlingani womkhakha wesi-2. Ama-imeyili avela kuhlu lwe-AgBioChatter ziphakamisa ukuthi yayisetshenziselwa ukuxhumanisa ababambisene nabo embonini emisebenzini yokunxenxa neyokuphromotha ukuvikela ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane. Amalungu afaka abasebenzi abaphezulu embonini yezolimo, abeluleki be-PR kanye nezifundiswa ezixhasa umkhakha, iningi labo elibhalela izinkundla zezindaba zomkhakha ezifana Izimpendulo ze-GMO futhi Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, noma badlale izindima zobuholi kwamanye amaqembu abalingani beMonsanto.

I-Genetic Literacy Project, eholwa ngumkhakha osebenza isikhathi eside wamakhemikhali i-PR UJon Entine, futhi ibambisene ne-Academics Review ukwenza uchungechunge lwezingqungquthela ezixhaswe imboni yezolimo ukuqeqesha izintatheli nososayensi ukuthi ukukhuthaza kangcono ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides baphikisane nokwehliswa kwabo emthethweni. Abahleli bebekhona abangathembeki ngemithombo yezimali zabo.

Lawa maqembu aziphonsa njengabaxazululi abathembekile besayensi njengoba besabalalisa imininingwane engamanga nezinga eliseduze nokuhlaselwa okushubile kwabososayensi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngengozi yomdlavuza ye-glyphosate.

Isibonelo esisemqoka singatholakala kuwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project, ebibhalwe ukuthi “yi-tier 2 industry partner” ohlelweni lukaMonsanto lwe-PR lokuvikela i-Roundup ekulweni nokukhathazeka komdlavuza okuvezwe yi-International Agency for Research on Cancer. Ukuseshwa kwe- "IARC" kuwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project kuveza izindatshana ezingaphezu kwama-200, eziningi zazo ezihlasela ososayensi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza ngokuthi "ama-anti-chemical enviros" "aqamba amanga" futhi "enza uzungu lokumelela kabi" izingozi zempilo glyphosate, futhi bephikisana nokuthi i-ejensi yomdlavuza yomhlaba wonke kufanele ibuyiselwe imali futhi iqedwe.

Izindatshana eziningi ezilwa ne-IARC ezifakwe ku-Genetic Literacy Project, noma eziqhutshwa abanye abasebenza embonini, ziyishaya indiva imibiko eminingi yezindaba ngokususelwa Amaphepha eMonsanto ukubhala ukungenelela kwezinkampani ocwaningweni lwesayensi, futhi esikhundleni salokho kuthuthukiswe izimangalo zezimboni zamakhemikhali ze-PR noma ze- izindaba ezingamanga a intatheli enobudlelwano obuhle noMonsanto. Impi yezepolitiki yokulwa ifinyelele yonke indlela eya eCapitol Hill, namaRiphabhulikhi e-DRM aholwa ngu Ummeli uLamar Smith efuna kuphenywe nokuzama uku ukugodla imali yase-US kusuka kunhlangano ehamba phambili yocwaningo lomdlavuza.

Ngubani ohlangothini lwesayensi?

Ukunxenxa nokuthumela imiyalezo kukaMonsanto ukudicilela phansi iphaneli yomdlavuza we-IARC kusekelwe empikiswaneni yokuthi ezinye izinhlaka ezisebenzisa ukuhlolwa okususelwa engcupheni zikhiphe i-glyphosate engcupheni yomdlavuza. Kepha njengoba imibiko yophenyo futhi iphephandaba izihloko ngokusekelwe ku Amaphepha eMonsanto bunemininingwane eminingi, ubufakazi bufaka ukuthi ukuhlolwa kokulawulwa kwezinhlekelele ku-glyphosate, okuthembele kakhulu ocwaningweni olunikezwa yimboni, kuyekethiswa ngokungadalulwanga ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo, ukuthembela kusayensi engabazisayo, izinto ezibhalwe ghost nezinye izindlela zokuqinisa izikhali ezinkampanini ezibeka impilo yomphakathi engcupheni, njengoProfesa waseTufts USheldon Krimsky wabhala.

“Ukuvikela ibhizinisi lesayensi, enye yezinsika zomphakathi wentando yeningi wanamuhla, ekulweni namandla angalenza isisebenzi sezimboni noma ezepolitiki, umphakathi wethu kumele usekele izikhubekiso phakathi kwesayensi yezemfundo kanye nemikhakha yezinkampani futhi ufundise ososayensi abasha futhi abahleli bephephabhuku ngemigomo yokuziphatha esezingeni lomsebenzi wabo, ”kubhala uKrimsky.

Abenzi benqubomgomo akumele bavumele isayensi ebumbene nenkampani ukuqondisa izinqumo mayelana nokuvinjelwa umdlavuza. Abezindaba kumele benze umbiko ongcono womsebenzi futhi babheke izingxabano zentshisekelo ngemuva kwesayensi yenkampani. Isikhathi sokuqeda impi yenkampani yesayensi yomdlavuza.

UStacy Malkan ungomunye wabaphathi beqembu labathengi I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi nombhali wencwadi ethi “Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry.”

I-American Council on Science and Health iyiCorporate Front Group

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Kubuyekezwe ngoJulayi 2019

I-American Council on Science and Health (ACSH) kuzibiza "inhlangano yokukhuthaza abathengi abathengi besayensi" kanye nabezindaba bavame ukucaphuna iqembu njengomthombo ozimele wesayensi; kodwa-ke, imibhalo echazwe kuleli qiniso ibonisa ukuthi i-ACSH iyiqembu eliphambili lezinkampani elicela imali ezinkampanini zikagwayi, zamakhemikhali, zezimonyo, zemithi kanye nezinye ukuze zivikele futhi zithuthukise imikhiqizo yazo. Leli qembu alizidaluli izimali zalo.

Imibhalo esemqoka:

  • Ama-imeyili avela ku-2015 akhishwe ngokutholakala aveza lokho IMonsanto exhaswe yi-ACSH futhi wacela iqembu ukuthi siza ukuvikela i-glyphosate.
  • Imibhalo yezimali eputshukile kusukela ngo-2012 kusungulwa ukuthi i-ACSH icela imali ezinkampanini ngemikhankaso yokuvikela umkhiqizo. Abanikeli bahlanganisa izinkampani eziningi ezahlukahlukene kanye namaqembu ezimboni.
  • Ama-imeyili asuka ku-2009 khombisa ukuthi i-ACSH icele ama- $ 100,000 kwaSyngenta ukuthi babhale iphepha futhi babhukhe ngomuthi wokubulala izinambuzane waseSyngenta. Ngo-2011, i-ACSH yakhipha i- incwadi kaJon Entine kufana nephrojekthi echazwe ku-imeyili.
  • ISyngenta neMonsanto bebelokhu benikela njalo ku-ACSH kule minyaka edlule, ama-imeyili akhombisa.

IMonsanto ixhasa i-ACSH ukuvikela imikhiqizo yeMonsanto

Ama-imeyili akhishwe ngo-Ephreli 2019 aveza lokho IMonsanto yavuma ukuxhasa i-ACSH ngo-2015 futhi ngacela iqembu ukuthi lisize ukuvikela i-glyphosate ekukhathazekeni komdlavuza okuphakanyiswe yi-International Agency for Research. I-ACSH ivumile ukwenza lokho, kwathi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi yahlasela lo mbiko womdlavuza ngokuthi “ukukhwabanisa kwesayensi. ” Ama-imeyili akhanyisa ukuthembela kwe-ACSH emalini yezinkampani kanye nemizamo yokujabulisa abaxhasi bayo. Owayengumphathi obambile we-ACSH uGil Ross (ngubani wachitha isikhathi ejele Ukukhwabanisa kweMedicaid) wabhalela isikhulu seMonsanto, "Usuku nosuku, sisebenza kanzima ukukhombisa ukubaluleka kwethu ezinkampanini ezinjengeMonsanto." URoss wabhala:

Ama-imeyili akhombisa lokho Abaphathi beMonsanto bakhokha i-ACSH yize bengaphathekile kahle eqenjini. Ohola phambili kwezesayensi kwaMonsanto uDaniel Goldstein waphokophela i-ACSH kozakwabo, futhi wabathumela izixhumanisi ezihlokweni ezingama-53 ze-ACSH, izincwadi ezimbili kanye nokubuyekezwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane akuchaze ngokuthi “KUSEBENZISA KAKHULU.” UGoldstein wabhala:

Isidlali esiyinhloko kunethiwekhi yenkulumo-ze kaMonsanto

Uphenyo oluthola imiklomelo olwenziwe nguLe Monde eMonsanto “impi nesayensi”Ukuvikela i-glyphosate eqanjwe i-American Council on Science and Health phakathi kwamawebhusayithi“ we-propaganda awaziwayo ”adlale indima enkulu ekuhlaseleni ososayensi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza. NgoMeyi 2017, abameli babamangali abamangalela uMonsanto mayelana nokukhathazeka ngomdlavuza we-glyphosate Kusho kafushane: “IMonsanto ifaka buthule imali 'yamathangi okucabanga' njenge 'Genetic Literacy Project' kanye 'ne-American Council on Science and Health,' izinhlangano ebezihlose ukuhlazisa ososayensi nokuqhakambisa imininingwane ewusizo eMonsanto nakwabanye abakhiqizi bamakhemikhali.”

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know aveza ukuthi iMonsanto yaqala yakhetha i-ACSH ukuthi ishicilele uchungechunge lwamaphepha e-pro-GMO anikezwa osolwazi nguMonsanto futhi "athengiswa" yinkampani ye-PR ukuze ibakhuthaze kakhulu njengabazimele. Isikhulu seMonsanto u-Eric Sachs ubhalele osolwazi: “Ukuqinisekisa ukuthi amaphepha anomthelela omkhulu, i-American Council for Science and Health ibambisene neCMA Consulting ukuqhuba lo msebenzi. Izinqubomgomo zenqubomgomo ezigcwalisiwe zizonikezwa kuwebhusayithi ye-ACSH… i-CMA ne-ACSH nayo izothengisa ngezifinyezo zenqubomgomo, kufaka phakathi ukwakhiwa kwezinto ezithile zemidiya, ezinjenge-op-eds, ukuthunyelwa kwama-blog, izingxoxo zokuxoxa, imicimbi, ama-webinar, njll. ” I- ekugcineni amaphepha ashicilelwa by Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project ngaphandle kokudalulwa kwendima kaMonsanto.

Phakathi ku umbiko ovela eNdlu yabamele i-US, abaphenyi bebandla bathi iMonsanto isebenzisa “amaqembu ezentengiselwano, njengeCropLife namaqembu aphambili embonini, njengeGenetic Literacy Project kanye ne-Academics Review njengamapulatifomu okusekela abakhulumela imboni.”

Imibhalo ye-ACSH evuzayo iveza isu lezezimali lezokuvikela

U-2012 oputshukile Isifinyezo sezezimali se-ACSH ibikwe umama Jones uveze ukuthi i-ACSH ithole uxhaso kwinani elikhulu lezinkampani kanye namaqembu ezimboni anengxenye yezezimali ekuthumeleni imiyalezo i-ACSH ikhuthaza - futhi ikhombise ukuthi i-ACSH icela kanjani iminikelo yenkampani yemikhankaso yokuvikela umkhiqizo. Isibonelo, idokhumenti ichaza:

  • Izinhlelo zokufaka iVinyl Institute “ngaphambili eyayisekela umbiko we-chlorine nowezempilo”
  • Izinhlelo zokufaka izinkampani zokudla ngomkhankaso wemiyalezo wokuphikisana nokulebula kwe-GMO
  • Izinhlelo zokufaka izinkampani zezimonyo ukulwa "nengcindezi yokuguqula kabusha" eMkhankasweni Wezokuphepha Eziphephile
  • Imizamo yenkantolo yezinkampani zikagwayi neze-e-cigaret

UMama Jones ubike ukuthi, "Abanikeli be-ACSH kanye nalabo abangabaxhasa iqembu bekulokhu kubhekiswe kubo ukuthi ngubani-ngubani wezamandla, ezolimo, izimonyo, ukudla, i-soda, amakhemikhali, amakhemikhali, kanye nezinkampani zikagwayi." Imininingwane yezimali:

  • Abaxhasi be-ACSH engxenyeni yesibili yonyaka ka-2012 bahlanganisa i-DRM, Coca-Cola, iBristol Myers Squibb Foundation, uDkt Pepper / Snapple, Bayer Cropscience, Procter noGamble, Syngenta, 3M, McDonald's, kanye ne-coconferate e-Altria. I-ACSH iphinde yafuna ukwesekwa kwezezimali yiPepsi, Monsanto, British American Tobacco, DowAgro, ExxonMobil Foundation, Philip Morris International, Reynolds American, i-Koch elawulwa ngumndeni uClaude R. Lambe Foundation, i-Dow-linked Gerstacker Foundation, iBradley Foundation neSearle Freedom Ukwethemba.
  • UReynolds American noPhillip Morris International yibona ababengabanikeli abakhulu kunabo bonke ababalulwe kule mibhalo.

Ukuxhaswa kweSyngenta, ukuzivikela kweSyngenta

Ngo-2011, i-ACSH yashicilela incwadi ekhuluma nge “chemophobia” eyabhalwa nguJon Entine, manje ongumqondisi omkhulu we IGenetic Literacy Project, elinye iqembu eliphambili lokho kusebenza neMonsanto. Incwadi ka-Entine's ACSH ivikele i-atrazine, isibulala-zinambuzane esenziwe yiSyngenta, ebixhasa i-ACSH.

A 2012 Isihloko sikaMama Jones ichaza izimo eziholela encwadini. Ichazwa indatshana kaTom Philpott, esekwe ngokwengxenye emibhalweni yenkampani yangaphakathi etholwe yiCentre for Media and Democracy Imizamo kaSyngenta PR ukuthola ababambisene nabo abavela eceleni ukusakaza izindaba zabezindaba we-atrazine.

Ngesinye imeyili kusuka ngo-2009, Abasebenzi be-ACSH bacele iSyngenta imali eyengeziwe engu- $ 100,000 - “ehlukile futhi ehlukile kunokwesekwa kokusebenza okujwayelekile iSyngenta ibilokhu inikela ngokukhululeka eminyakeni edlule” - ukukhiqiza iphepha elilungele i-atrazine kanye ne "ncwajana elungele abathengi" ukusiza ukufundisa abezindaba nososayensi.

I-imeyili evela emsebenzini ka-ASCH uGil Ross eya eSyngenta mayelana nephrojekthi ye-atrazine ehlongozwayo:

Ngemuva konyaka nohhafu, i-ACSH yashicilela incwadi ka-Entine ngokukhishwa kwabezindaba lokho kuzwakala kufana nephrojekthi uRoss echazwe kweyakhe ukucela i-imeyili eSyngenta: “UMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo uyajabula ukumemezela incwadi entsha nomngane wephepha lokuma elinobungane, elifushanisiwe” ngokuphendula “ukwesaba okungenangqondo kwamakhemikhali.” Umbhali uJon Entine ubuphikile ubudlelwano bakhe noSyngenta futhi watshela uPhilpott ukuthi “akazi” ukuthi uSyngenta uxhasa i-ACSH.

Abasebenzi be-ACSH

  • Isikhathi eside se-ACSH “UMqondisi Wezokwelapha / Ophethe" UDkt Gilbert Ross utholwe enecala lokuqola uhlelo lweMedicaid ngaphambi kokujoyina i-ACSH. Bona imibhalo yasenkantolo mayelana nokuningi kukaDkt. Ross ukulahlwa ngamacala okukhwabanisa futhi ukugwetshwa, nendatshana kuMama Jones “Kufaka uDkt Ross”(2005). UDkt. Ross watholakala "engumuntu ongathembeki kakhulu" yijaji elasekela ukukhishwa kukaDkt Ross eMedicaid iminyaka eyishumi (bheka okungeziwe izinkomba futhi umbhalo wenkantolo).
  • Ngo-Juni 2015, Hank campbell uthathe ubuholi be-ACSH kusuka esebenza Umongameli (futhi owalahlwa yicala) UDkt Gilbert Ross. UCampbell usebenzile izinkampani ezithuthukisa ama-software ngaphambi kokuqala iwebhusayithi iScience 2.0 ngo-2006. Ngo incwadi yakhe yango-2012 no-Alex Berezow, "Isayensi Ishiywe Ngemuva: Zizwa Amanga Ahle kanye Nokuphakama Kwesobunxele Kwesayensi," uCampbell uchaza imvelaphi yakhe: "eminyakeni eyisithupha eyedlule… nginqume ukuthi ngifuna ukubhala isayensi kwi-Intanethi ... ngaphandle kwentshiseko nomqondo, ngaya emhlabeni abantu abadumile ngokungisiza ngakhe kabusha indlela isayensi engenziwa ngayo, futhi bakwenza mahhala. ” UCampbell uhambe ngokuzumayo ngaphansi kwezimo ezingaziwa ngoDisemba 2018. Funda kabanzi mayelana neCampbell lapha.
  • Umbhali wencwadi kaCampbell, U-Alex Berezow, manje usekela mongameli wezindaba zesayensi e-ACSH. Ungumhleli wokusungula weReal Clear Science futhi usebhodini labahleli be-USA Today kodwa yi-USA Today ayikudaluli ukuhlangana kwe-ACSH neBerezow noma uxhaso lwezinkampani lwe-ACSH yize kunezikhalazo eziphindaphindwayo (imininingwane eminingi ngezansi).

Abaholi nabeluleki: izibopho zikagwayi nokwenqatshelwa kwesayensi yezulu  

I-ACSH ibhodi labaphatheli kuhlanganisa UFred L. Smith Jr., umsunguli we-Competitive Enterprises Institute, ohola phambili umgqugquzeli wokwenqatshelwa kwesayensi yezulu neqembu eline ithole izigidi zamaRandi kusuka ku-Exxon Mobile kanye imoto yokuxhasa ngemali emnyama Abaxhasi Trust.  USmith no-CEI futhi banomlando wokulwa nemithetho kagwayi nokucela imali embonini kagwayi, ngokusho kwemibhalo evela ku Ingobo yomlando ye-UCSF yeQiniso leMboni kaGwayi. 

UJames Enstrom futhi UGeoffrey Kabat, odokotela bezifo ezimbili abathathe imali ezinkampanini zikagwayi babhala izifundo bavikela imikhiqizo kagwayi, nabo banobudlelwano be-ACSH. UDkt Enstrom uyilungu le-ACSH ibhodi labaphatheli futhi uDkt. Kabat usebenzaibhodi lezempilo labeluleki besayensi“. Bobabili ososayensi “banezixhumano ezinde zezezimali nobunye bokusebenzisana nomkhakha kagwayi,” ngokusho kuka- iphepha ku-BMJ Tobacco Control.

Ngo-2003 ocashunwe kabanzi iphepha kwaBMJ, Kabat nase-Enstrom baphethe ngokuthi intuthu kagwayi ayikhuphuli ingozi yomdlavuza wamaphaphu nesifo senhliziyo. Ucwaningo beluxhaswe ngokwengxenye yiCentre for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), okuyiqembu lomkhakha kagwayi. Yize leyo mali yadalulwa, kwalandelwa ukuhlaziywa ku-BMJ Tobacco Control kutholakale ukuthi ukudalulwa ngu-Enstrom noKabat “akuzange kunikeze umfundi isithombe esigcwele sokubandakanyeka kwemboni kagwayi nababhali bezocwaningo.” Leli phepha lichaza izibopho eziningi zezezimali phakathi kwe-Enstrom nemboni kagwayi.

I-Enstrom iziphikisile lezi zimangalo ku- I-athikili ka-2007 ku-Epidemiological Perspectives and Innovation, ephikisa ngokuthi ukuxhaswa kwakhe nezintshisekelo ezincintisanayo kuchazwe ngokusobala nangendlela efanele ephepheni leBMJ lango-2003, nokuthi imali yezimboni zikagwayi ayizange ibe nomthelela ocwaningweni lwakhe. "Kuze kube manje, akukho okungahambi ngendlela, ukwenzelela noma ukungenzi okuthile okutholakele ohlelweni lokubuyekeza futhi akukho phutha emiphumeleni ekhonjwe ephepheni," kusho u-Enstrom.

Ama-imeyili avela ku-2014 afaka uDkt Enstrom ekhuluma nomphiki odumile wesayensi yezulu uFred Singer imibono yoku ukuhlasela nokudicilela phansi ososayensi ababili ababebambe iqhaza kule filimu “Abathengisi Bokungabaza: Indlela Ososayensi Abambalwa Abalitholile Ngayo Iqiniso Ezindabeni Ezisuka Emoyeni Wogwayi Kuya Ekushiseni Komhlaba Wonke, ”Nokuthi uzama yini ukumisa ukukhishwa kwefilimu ngecala. Ngeminye imininingwane, bona ibhulogi yakwaDeSmog, “Isibhamu Sikagwayi Sokuqasha UJames Enstrom, uWillie Ngokushesha kanye Nabahlaseli Besimo Sezulu Bahlasela Abathengisi Bokungabaza”(Mashi 2015).

UDkt Kabat futhi usebhodini labaqondisi lenhlangano yabazali ye- I-Genetic Literacy Project, iqembu eliphambili esebenza neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR ngenkathi ithi izimele. Funda kabanzi ngomsebenzi wakhe ekhasini lethu lamaqiniso, Izibopho zikaGeoffrey Kabat kumaQembu Wezimboni Zikagwayi Namakhemikhali

Izitatimende ezingalungile ngesayensi 

UMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo ubanga ukuthi:

  • "Abukho ubufakazi bokuthi ukuhogela intuthu kagwayi kuhlanganisa ukuhlaselwa yinhliziyo noma ukuboshwa kwenhliziyo." Ijenali kaWinston-Salem, 2012
  • “Akukho ukuvumelana okungokwesayensi mayelana nokufudumala kwembulunga yonke.” ACSH, 1998 (IGreenpeace ine kuchazwe i-ACSH iqembu lokuqala "lokuphika isimo sezulu seKoch Industries")
  • "Akukaze kube nezehlakalo zokugula ezihlobene nokusetshenziswa nokulawulwa kwemithi yokubulala izinambuzane kuleli." Umtapo Wezincwadi Zikagwayi, i-UCSF, Intuthuko Yokubumbana Kwesayensi Yomsindo ikhasi lombhalo 9, 1995
  • "Abukho ubufakazi bokuthi i-BPA [bisphenol A] emikhiqizweni yanoma yiluphi uhlobo, okubandakanya amarisidi erejista yemali, iyingozi empilweni." ACSH, 2012
  • ukuchayeka kwi-mercury, i-neurotoxin enamandla, “ekudleni kwasolwandle okuvamile akulimazi abantu.” ACSH, 2010.

Imiyalezo yakamuva ye-ACSH iyaqhubeka esihlokweni esifanayo, iphika ubungozi obuvela emikhiqizweni ebalulekile kumakhemikhali, ugwayi nezinye izimboni, nokwenza ukuhlaselwa kaningi kososayensi, izintatheli nabanye abaphakamisa ukukhathazeka.

  • I-2016 "top junk science" iposi nge-ACSH iyaphika ukuthi amakhemikhali angadala ukuphazamiseka kwe-endocrine; ivikela i-e-cigarettes, vaping ne-soda; futhi ihlasela izintatheli kanye neJenali ye-American Medical Association.

I-USA Namuhla inika i-ACSH ipulatifomu 

I-USA Today iyaqhubeka nokushicilela amakholomu ngabasebenzi be-ACSH uHank Campbell no-Alex Berezow ngaphandle kokudalula izibopho zabo zokuxhasa ngezimali ezinkampanini ezivikela izintshisekelo zazo. NgoFebhuwari 2017, Amaqembu ezempilo, ezemvelo, ezabasebenzi kanye nezintshisekelo zomphakathi ezingama-30 ubhalele abahleli be-USA Today ecela leli phepha ukuthi liyeke ukunikeza i-ACSH iplatifomu esemthethweni noma okungenani linikeze ukudalulwa okugcwele mayelana nokuthi ngubani oxhasa iqembu.

Incwadi ithi:

  • “Sibhala sizwakalisa ukukhathazeka kwethu ngokuthi i-USA Today iyaqhubeka nokushicilela amakholomu abhalwe ngamalungu e-American Council on Science and Health (ACSH), okuyiqembu elixhaswe ngezinkampani elinomlando omude wokukhuthaza ama-ajenda ezinkampani aphikisana nesayensi enkulu . I-USA Today akufanele isize leli qembu liphakamise ubunikazi balo obungamanga njengomthombo othembekile, nozimele kusayensi. Abafundi bakho bafanelwe ulwazi olunembile mayelana nokuthi leli qembu limele ini nokuthi ngubani, njengoba becabanga ngokuqukethwe yikholomu. ”
  • “Lezi akuzona izinsolo ezingenamsebenzi. Amaqembu amaningi asayinwe ngaphansi kwezempilo, ezemvelo, ezabasebenzi kanye nezintshisekelo zomphakathi abelandela umsebenzi we-ACSH eminyakeni edlule. Sizibhale phansi izimo lapho iqembu lisebenze khona dicilela phansi isayensi yokushintsha kwesimo sezulu, nokuphika izinsongo zezempilo ezihambisana nemikhiqizo ehlukahlukene, kufaka phakathi intuthu kagwayiukukhwabanisaizibulala-zinambuzane futhi industrial Amakhemikhali - konke ngaphandle kokucaca mayelana nabaxhasi bayo bezinkampani. ”
  • Siyakuqaphela lokho zezimali amadokhumenti okutholwe nguMama Jones kukhombisa ukuthi i-ACSH ithole uxhaso ezinkampanini zikagwayi, zamakhemikhali, zemithi nezikawoyela. Amaqembu anentshisekelo yomphakathi anakho kubika ukuthi i-ACSH ithole uxhaso kwiKoch Foundations phakathi kuka-2005-2011, futhi yakhululwa imibhalo yangaphakathi okukhombisa ukuthi i-ACSH yacela ama- $ 100,000 kwaSyngenta ngo-2009 ukuthi ibhale kahle ngomkhiqizo wayo i-atrazine - umnikelo owawuzobekwa “uhlukane futhi uhluke ekusekelweni okujwayelekile kokusebenza kweSyngenta bekulokhu kunikelwa ngokukhululeka eminyakeni edlule.”
  • “Ngesikhathi lapho umphakathi ungabaza ukuba semthethweni kwemithombo yezindaba, sikholwa ukuthi kubalulekile ukuthi izincwadi ezifana ne-USA Today zilandele imigomo ephakeme kakhulu yokuziphatha kwezintatheli futhi zisebenzele umphakathi ngeqiniso elikhulu nangokusobala ngangokunokwenzeka. Sikucela ngenhlonipho ukuthi uyeke ukushicilela ezinye izinhlu ezibhalwe amalungu e-American Council on Science and Health, noma okungenani zidinga ukuthi abantu babone le nhlangano ngokunembile njengeqembu elixhasa ngezimali lenkampani. ”

Kusukela ngoDisemba 2017, umhleli wekhasi labahleli be-USA Today uBill Sternberg wenqabile ukumisa ukushicilela amakholomu e-ACSH kanti nephepha selinikezele kaninginingi ukudalulwa okunganembile noma okungaphelele kwamakholomu, futhi wehluleka ukwazisa abafundi bawo ngezimali ze-ACSH ezivela ezinkampanini ezikhuthaza uhlelo lwazo.