Nina Fedoroff: Ke hoʻoneʻe nei i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e hoʻihoʻi iā Monsanto

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  • Ma ke ʻano he pelekikena a he luna luna o ka AAAS mai 2011-2013, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Dr. Fedoroff i nā pahuhopu kulana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia i kēia manawa no kahi ʻoihana lobbying.
  • ʻO nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike nei pehea e launa pū ai nā pilina lehulehu a me nā hana lobbying ma hope o nā hanana i waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Nina Fedoroff, PhD, kekahi o nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi nui e koi ana i ka hoʻolaha a me ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. He pelekikena ʻo ia o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka Holomua ʻEpekema (2011-2012) a me ka luna o ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS (2012-2013). He wahine ʻo ia aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe mai ka 2015 ma OFW Law, kahi hui lobbying nona nā mea kūʻai aku i hoʻopili pū Syngenta a me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology, kahi hui kālepa e pani ana iā Bayer (nona nona Monsanto), BASF, Corteva (kahi mahele o DowDuPont) a me Syngenta.

Mai ka 2007-2010, ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema a me ʻenehana aʻoaʻo i ke Kakauolelo o ka Mokuʻāina a me ka Luna Hoʻokele o USAID ma lalo o kā George W. Bush a me Obama mau hoʻomalu. Ma mua o kēlā, he wahine ʻo ia ka lālā o ka papa o ka Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, kahi hui kemika multinational a me biotech firm; a me kahi lālā lālā aʻoaʻo o Evogene, kahi hui biotechnology i hui pū me DuPont, Syngenta, ʻO Bayer a Monsanto.

He hanana 2017 e paipai i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ʻEpekema a me Health Puke “ʻepekema junk” i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a pili ʻelua ʻepekema me nā hui e hōʻole i ka ʻepekema o ke aniau.

Ma ke ʻano he kākau ʻōlelo no Hillary State ʻO kā Clinton ʻepekema czar, "Ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he diplomat no ka"GMO i ke ala āpau"Ke kumu o ke kulekele ʻē aʻe o US, ua hōʻike ʻo Tom Philpott ma Grist i ka makahiki 2008 a me ka makahiki 2009. Ua hōʻike aku ʻo Pesticide Action Network o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa iā Dr. Fedoroff"maoli ka ʻelele US ”no ka hana ʻenekini. Wahi a Greenpeace, ʻo Kauka Fedoroff he "a kākoʻo ikaika no ka hoʻolaha honua o GM (hoʻololi kūlohelohe) i nā meaʻai i loko o kāna ʻoihana. "

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana a me ka luna hoʻomalu o AAAS, ka honua nui loa ʻo ka hui ʻepekema multidisciplinary, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i kēlā mau kuleana e hāʻawi i ke kōkua politika i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai: ʻo kahi laʻana, ua hoʻopuka ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o kona noho luna hoʻomalu i kahi ʻōlelo no ka manawa politika e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i ka makahiki 2012. ʻOiai ka pelekikena o ka ʻepekema hui ma 2011 , Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ke eo ʻana i kahi noi US EPA e koi ai i ka ʻikepili hou aʻe no ke olakino a me ka palekana no nā mea kanu GMO, e like me nā leka uila i hōʻike ʻia ma lalo nei. ʻIke, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, AAAS a me ka keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻAʻole pane ʻo Kauka Fedoroff lāua ʻo AAAS i nā noi no ka pane.

ʻO nā pilina me nā ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni i mua o nā hui a me nā hana PR

Ua hoʻolauna a kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hōʻoia i nā hui e koi ana he leo kūʻokoʻa lākou no ka ʻepekema akā hana ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i nā ala e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka lehulehu - me nā hui ʻelua i kōkua iā Monsanto e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino nā ʻepekema nāna i lawelawe ma ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) panel panel i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha ma 2015.

ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kālā ʻia e nā hui kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā paka, wahi a pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko palapala kēlā pehea ka hui ʻana o ka hui i kāna ʻoihana i nā ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana. ʻO nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hana o ka ʻaha e hōʻike iā Monsanto ua ʻae e kālā iā ACSH i 2015, a ua noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana ka hōʻike IARC cancer ma glyphosate; ACSH ma hope koi ʻo ka hōʻike kanesa he "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni."     

Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kēia hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūpono i kahi 2017 Hanana ʻo Press Press Club e hoʻomaka i ka ACSH's "Little Black Book of Junk Science." ʻIke ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao o Dr. Fedoroff ma ka hanana paʻi he ʻelua ʻepekema i pili me nā hui hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a hale moe no nā huahana paka:

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa ma ka pūnaewele o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui e koi kūʻokoʻa ana akā nā hoapili me Monsanto ma PR a me nā papahana lobbying, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala i ka waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha ua papa inoa ʻo Monsanto i kēia hui ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" ua hoʻolālā e komo i kahi hoʻolālā e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka loiloi glyphosate a IARC i mea e "pale ai i ka inoa a me FTO o Roundup." ʻO ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kau ʻia ma mua o Nā huahana 200 loiloi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā hoʻouka kaua pilikino he nui i nā ʻepekema i pili i ka hōʻike glyphosate, e hoʻopiʻi nei iā lākou kipi, hoʻopunipuni, e moe ana, palaho, hūnā, a ke hoʻoulu ʻia e “waiwai a me ka lapuwale. ”??

i ka moʻo lanakila lanakila ma Le Monde e pili ana i kā Monsanto "hana e luku i ka UN cancer cancer agency e nā mea hiki ke hiki," ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻo Stéphane Foucart lāua ʻo Stéphane Horel i ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ACSH ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" a ʻōlelo ʻo GLP "hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana nā pesticides a me nā ʻoihana ʻenehana biotechnology. " Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo GLP ma 2011 e Jon Entine, nona kahi ʻoihana pili lehulehu ʻo ia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa.

Nā hōʻeha i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e papa inoa nei iā Dr. Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he "lālā papa":

Nānā Hou: Ua hoʻolauna ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka loiloi ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema hilinaʻi loa ma kahi ʻatikala 2012 ma ʻO nā kū i nā Genetics a me kahi ninaninau 2016 me ka Washington Examiner e pili ana ʻaihue journalism. Ua loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Review Academics ia hoʻonohonoho i kahi pūʻulu mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hōʻino i nā loiloi o ka ʻenekinia a me nā pesticides, ʻoiai ka hūnā ʻana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana. ʻO ka hui, kahi koi kūʻokoʻa akā ua kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, kaua aku i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he "scam marketing."

ʻO Camp Camp Boot Biotech: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā lālā kumu o kahi papahana Biotech Literacy "kahua hoʻomoana" i mālama ʻia ma UC Davis ma 2015. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e nā hui PR ʻelua, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā Hou a kālā malū ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai e "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻino o glyphosate," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Paul Thacker i Ka Holomua. Hoʻokomo ʻia nā mea kamaʻilio i ka papa inoa kamaʻāina o nā mea kōkua PR ʻoihana pū me ʻO Jay Byrne, ʻO Jon Entine, Bruce Chassy, ​​ʻO David Tribe, ʻO Hank Campbell o ACSH a me ka keynote by ʻo ka "Sci Babe."

AgBioWorld: I kāna 2012 Trends and Genetics Haawina, Paipai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld ma ke ʻano he "waiwai waiwai ʻē aʻe" e aʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. I ka 2002 'atikala ma ke Kahu, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka hui PR PR a Monsanto i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld a me nā moʻoʻōlelo pilipili hoʻopunipuni e hōʻino ai i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kaiapuni i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huaʻai GM. Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot: 

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o kāna hana ʻana, nā pūnaewele GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekini huli pūnaewele e loiloi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe nā mea kākoʻo (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. '

ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi aku ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele ʻo Wow ua "hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo" i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana i ka pāʻani kūpono. ' ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele i hoʻokumu ʻia e [ka pilikino pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni ʻo Mary] Smetacek i kāna hoʻouka kaua. "

Attack ma Greenpeace: Kauka Fedoroff haiolelo ma kahi hanana paʻi 2016 no kahi hui e kāhea iā ia iho "Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision, "E hōʻike ana i kahi leka i kau inoa ʻia e nā luna Nobel he 100 a ʻoi aku e hōʻino ana iā Greenpeace no ko lākou kūʻē ʻana iā GMO. ʻO nā mea kōkua ʻoihana Agrichemical kōkua i ke kaua, e like me ka Luna Hoʻokaʻaʻike mua a Monsanto ʻO Jay Byrne; ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua ʻO Val Giddings; a ʻO Matt Winkler, ka mea nāna i kālā i ka Pāhana PR papahana Pāhana Helu Pono a helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he ka lālā o ka papa me Kauka Fedoroff ma ka pūnaewele pūnaewele. ʻO ka mana .com o ke kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia he kūʻokoʻa "Kākoʻo Precision Agriculture" hoʻohuli ʻia i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic no nā makahiki (ua kuhi ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia i ka 2019). I loko o nā leka uila mai 2011, Ua ʻike ʻo Byrne iā Greenpeace ma ka papa inoa "target" e hoʻomohala nei no Monsanto me nā inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e hiki iā lākou ke kūʻē mai hope o ka uhi o kahi pūʻulu aʻo hana kālā-ʻoihana ua kūʻokoʻa kēlā.

Nā Hoa o GMO Nā Pane: ʻO Kauka Fedoroff kahi ke kūkā kūʻokoʻa no nā pane GMO, a Hoʻolālā PR hoʻolaha ʻia e Ketchum pili lehulehu, ia mea a moʻolelo o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu. ʻOiai ʻo Ketchum i koi i ka neʻe ʻana o nā pane GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency," ka hui nā pane scripted no ka loea "kūʻokoʻa" a ua helu ʻia i waena o nā "hoa hana" ma Hoʻolālā PR ʻo Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai. A Ua kuhikuhi ka ʻāpana "nā kumuwaiwai" (ʻaoʻao 4) i nā GMO Answers a me nā loulou ʻo Monsanto e kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate i mea make kino." I ka 2016, Kauka Fedoroff i kamaʻilio ʻia ma kahi panela i kākoʻo ʻia e GMO Answers, Scientific American a me ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e pili ana i ka uhi pāpaho o ka ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i nā mea hana nūhou hana Keith Kloor a ʻO Tamar Haspel. E nānā “Hele mai ka mīkini ʻenekini ʻo Monsanto i Wakinekona, ”Na Paul Thacker.

ʻO ka noiʻi kūʻē e wehe i ka pilina ʻoihana-kālaiʻike

I ka 2015, ua kākoʻo ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a me ʻelua mau pelekikena ʻo AAAS ma mua, ʻo Peter Raven lāua ʻo Phillip Sharp, i kā lāua alakaʻi alakaʻi AAAS, akā ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i kekahi o kā lākou ʻoihana pili, i kahi Kahu op-ed Ke kūʻē nei i kahi hoʻokolokolo a ka lehulehu e ʻimi nei e wehe i ka pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā hoʻonohonoho kālā ma waena o nā hui mahiʻai, kā lākou mau hui PR a me nā polopola i kākoʻo lehulehu ʻia ʻO ka ninaninau ʻia e US Right to Know wehe i kekahi o nā palapala nui i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

ʻOiai ua hoʻohui hope ke kahu a ʻike hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke keʻena lobby OFW Law, ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ʻO kā OFW Law mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa ʻo ia ka hui kālepa ʻoihana mahiʻai, nona nā ʻoihana lālā i mea nui o ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā pelekikena o ka AAAS mua i kā lākou op-ed i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e wehe ai i nā hakakā ʻoihana-kālaiʻike i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o ka hoihoi ʻo "ke kiʻi nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ka puke pāʻani Climategate" a ua pili i ka "ʻepekema hōʻole," nā hoʻopiʻi like i hana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana PR i wehewehe ʻia i kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka AAAS e holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻoihana mahiʻai

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana o ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika no ka holomua o ka ʻepekema (AAAS) mai 2011-2012 a ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka Papa Hoʻokele mai 2012-2013, ua hana pū ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai e holomua i nā pahuhopu nui: mālama i nā genetically ʻenekini ʻai ʻole ʻia nā inoa ʻole a lanakila i kahi noi e ka US Environmental Protection Agency e koi ʻia i nā ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni o nā mea hana ʻenekini i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like me nā pesticides.

Ua kōkua ʻo AAAS e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe koho balota e kūʻē i ka lepili o GMO

I ka 2012, ua lawe ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o ka noho aliʻi o Kauka Fedoroff i kahi hana maʻamau i ke kūlana politika hakakā i loko o ʻelua mau pule wale nō ma mua o ka hele ʻana o ka poʻe koho balota ma Kaleponi i nā balota e hoʻoholo ai i ka Proposition 37, kahi hana balota e kapa inoa ai i nā GMO. ʻO kahi loiloi i nā ʻōlelo politika he nui i hana ʻia e AAAS ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ka hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohuli i nā poʻe koho balota ma mua o ke koho balota mokuʻāina. (ʻAʻole pane ka AAAS a me Kauka Fedoroff i nā noi no ka manaʻo. Hoʻolaha pū kekahi: ua hana nā luna hui o USRTK i ka hoʻolaha pro-labeling.)

ʻO ka papa AAAS's olelo kūʻēʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. ʻO ia loaʻa hewahewa, e like me ka lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka AAAS, kekahi o lākou hōʻino i ka ʻōlelo anti-lepili ma ke ʻano he "paternalistic" hoʻouka kaua i nā pono o nā mea kūʻai aku i alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu ma o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka pōʻaiapili ʻepekema koʻikoʻi. Ua haʻi kahi waha ʻōlelo ʻo AAAS i kēlā manawa, ʻo Ginger Pinholster, i nā loiloi he "kūpono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ua haʻi ʻo ia i kahi mea hōʻike Aia ʻo ia i loko o ka lumi i ka wā i hala ai ka papa i ka ʻōlelo: “ʻAʻole mākou he hui kākoʻo. Hana mākou i kā mākou mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā hōʻike ʻepekema, "wahi a Pinholster. "Hiki iaʻu ke haʻi iā ʻoe ʻaʻole ka hana a kā mākou ʻōlelo a i hoʻohuli ʻia e kekahi hui waho."

Ua hoʻomaopopo kekahi o nā mea nānā i ka like o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e ka AAAS a me ka hoʻouka kālā-ʻoihana e hoʻokahuli i ka Proposition 37. “Kūleʻa paha kahi hui ʻepekema nui no Monsanto?”Ua nīnau ʻo Michele Simon i loko o Grist. Ua wehewehe ʻo Simona i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa e like me "ʻaʻole ʻepekema akā kūpono loa," a ua ʻike ʻia ka hele pū me ka hoʻokuʻu paʻi a AAAS i loaʻa nā "kuhi kamaʻilio" i kūlike ʻole me No ma 37 puke paio.

"ʻO ka ʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ka maopopo he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema"

i ka 2013 leka i ka makasina ʻEpekema, ua hōʻike kekahi hui ʻepekema he 11 i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa AAAS e pili ana i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua kākau lākou, "hopohopo mākou i ke kūlana o AAA e hōʻike nei i kahi ala maikaʻi ʻole e pili i ka kamaʻilio ʻana i ka ʻepekema.  ʻo ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ke aniani moakaka he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema. ”

He kākoʻo mua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff no ka ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia ma No ma 37, nāna i helu iā ia ma kāna pūnaewele i ka mahina ʻo Iune 2012 ʻo ia kekahi o ʻepekema ʻehā e kū ana i ke "kaiāulu ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu" i kūʻē i ka lepili GMO. Ma hope ua noi ka huakaʻi iā Kauka Fedoroff e kōkua i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā mea ʻoihana i kā lākou kumu, āna i hana ai e like me ʻOkakopa 1, 2012 leka uila iā Meghan Callahan o BCF Public Affairs, "Ua hoʻouna wau i kāu [noi no nā mea kākoʻo kālaiʻike] i kahi hui honua o ka biotechnology e kākoʻo ana i nā kālaiʻike. Manaʻo wau e lohe ana ʻoe mai nā kihi o ka honua, "kākau ʻo Kauka Fedoroff.

Kōkua i ka make ʻana i ka ʻikepili no nā mea kanu pesticide

I ka 2011 ʻoiai ke pelekikena ʻo AAAS, ua hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kahi lobbyist ʻoihana e kāpae i ka US Environmental Protection Agency mai ke koi ʻana i nā ʻoihana e hāʻawi i ka ʻikepili hou aku no ke olakino a me nā palekana no nā mea i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineised e like me nā pesticides, e like me nā leka uila. i ho'ākāka ʻia ma lalo.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka noi EPA mai kahi kūkā kūkā ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻEPA e pili ana nā ala e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ka hiki i ka ʻoihana ke hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻolālā ʻenekene e hana a i ʻole loaʻa nā pesticides, ka mea a EPA i kuhikuhi ai ʻo "nā mea pale i hoʻohui ʻia i nā mea kanu" (PIPs). Ua noi ʻia nā lālā o ka paneli e loiloi i nā koi ʻikepili EPA o kēia manawa a noi ʻia no nā PIP ma nā ʻano aʻe:

  • ʻIkepili e nānā i nā like like ma waena o nā PIP a me nā mea āpau, nā mea ʻino, nā anti-nutrient a me nā proteins weliweli ʻē aʻe;
  • nā hoʻāʻo ʻana no nā hopena synergistic ma ke olakino a me nā meaola ʻole pahuhopu, ke hui ʻia ʻelua a ʻoi paha mau hiʻohiʻona GMO (stacked trait GMO);
  • nā hopena e hiki ke hopena i nā lāhui microbial i nā kaiaolaola o ka lepo; a
  • nā ʻikepili e kamaʻilio maikaʻi ai i nā hopena o ke kahe gen.

Wahi a nā memo mai kahi hālāwai EPA o ʻOkakopa 2009, ʻo nā lula i hāpai ʻia e "kālele ka hapanui i nā koi ʻikepili e kū nei e pili ana i kēlā me kēia manawa," a e hoʻopuni ʻia i ʻelima mau ʻikepili a me ka ʻike: ka huina huahana, ke olakino kanaka, nā hopena kū ʻole, ka hopena o ke kaiapuni a me ke kūʻē ʻana. hoʻokele. EPA kūkala i nā lula i hāpai ʻia i ka Federal Register ma Malaki 2011.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know ma o nā moʻohelu lehulehu e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻākoakoa ʻana o nā ʻohana āpau e kāpae i ka noi.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā kamaʻilio ma waena o Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi i kēlā manawa, ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto a me nā ʻelele ʻē aʻe e kūkākūkā ana i nā hana a me nā hālāwai e pili ana iā Dr. Fedoroff. Ua wehewehe ʻo Chassy iā ia iho i nā leka uila (palapala 66) ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻopili i waena o ka ʻoihana a me ka ʻepekema i ka hana e kūʻē i nā koina ʻikepili EPA. Ua nīnau ʻia i loko o kāna mau leka uila iā Sachs he mau nīnau e pili ana inā ua hoʻouna ʻo Monsanto i kahi kikoʻī i ke Kulanui o ʻIlioka Foundation no ke kākoʻo ʻana i kā Chassy "hana hoʻolaha biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo." (No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i loaʻa iā Chassy mai Monsanto no nā makahiki i kona hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology, e ʻike. e hōʻike nei na Monica Eng ma WBEZ a nā leka uila i kau ʻia e ka New York Times.)

Ma Iulai 5, ʻo Kauka Chassy leka uila iā Eric Sachs o Monsanto e hōʻike ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i leka iā EPA ma luna o kāna pūlima pūlima ʻia e 60 mau lālā o ka National Academy of Science. "Ua lālau maoli ʻo Nina i ka kinipōpō a neʻe i lalo i ke kahua," i kākau ai ʻo Chassy. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke noi a EPA ma ke ʻano he "moku nahā."

Hōʻike nā leka uila ma ʻAukake 19, nā ʻelele hui kālepa ʻoihana pūʻiwa a hauʻoli hoʻi (ʻaoʻao 19) e ʻike i kahi New York Times op-ed mai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā lula no ka ʻenekinia genetika; "Na wai i hoʻokau i kā Nina op?" Ua noi ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO iā Dr. Chassy a me ʻelua mau ʻohana ʻē aʻe ʻelua. ʻO Henry Miller a ʻO Val Giddings. Pane akula ʻo Chassy:

Ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Massey iā Kauka Chassy ka leka BIO i hoʻouna ʻia i ka EPA "me ka manaʻolana e kūkulu ma luna o ka leka a nā ʻāpana a me kahi pōkole pōkole no ka haʻalele ʻana o ka EPA i kēlā leka." ʻAʻole kūleʻa kā lākou hana e like me kā lākou i manaʻo ai. Ma ʻAukake 24, Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs (ʻaoʻao 14) ua loaʻa iā Kauka Fedoroff "kahi pane mai ka EPA he ʻōlelo hōʻino ia." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā hoʻolālā e hoʻopaʻa i ke kaomi.

 

I Kepakemapa, Chassy hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea kūkā kamaʻilio me Fedoroff, ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO a me kā lākou lobbyist ʻo Stanley Abramson, me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe. Wahi a Chassy's nā memo mai ke kāhea ʻana, "Ke loaʻa nei i kahi ala e hōʻoia ai i ka noi EPA ʻaʻole ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā ʻo ia ka hopena maikaʻi loa i hiki iā mākou ke manaʻolana. ʻO ka mea ʻoi loa e hōʻoia ʻo DOA ia, akā inā pono e pono mākou e hoʻomau i ka hakakā. "

Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia i ka pilikia, "ʻAʻole manaʻo ka EPA e hiki i ke kaiāulu kālaiʻike ke kau i ka kūʻē kūʻē i kā lākou hana ʻana i ka rula. manaʻo lākou he hapa liʻiliʻi wale nō ma hope o ka palapala noi a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kau inoa ʻaʻole paʻa i ka pilikia. " Ua hoʻoholo ka hui e pono lākou e "kūkulu i kumu o nā ʻepekema alakaʻi e makemake maoli nei e ʻōlelo a hāʻawi i ka manawa i kēia pilikia."

Ma ʻOkakopa, ua lana ka manaʻolana o ka hui. Chassy leka uila iā Sachs e hōʻike e pili ana i kahi hālāwai "kahaha kupaianaha" ʻo ia a me Dr. Fedoroff i hele pū me Steve Bradbury o EPA. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hui e Massey a me ka lobbyist ʻo Abramson. ʻO ka noi a EPA e koi i ka ʻikepili no GMO PIP ʻaʻole i ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā, e like me kā Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻepekema ma Consumers Union, i komo pū i nā hālāwai lehulehu me ka ʻoihana.

Nā kaulahao leka uila piha, ma o ka Hale Waihona Palapala ʻĀina ʻo UCSF:

Pili hōʻike 

"Ua pāpā ʻia au mai kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou Nobel Laureate Press e kahi mea kūkākūkā PR me Monsanto Ties, "Na Tim Schwab, Nānā Mea ʻai & Wai (2016)

"Nā Puppetmasters o Academia, "Na Jonathan Latham, PhD, Independent Science News (2015)

"20 mau makahiki ma hope mai: ke hele nei ke koa brotade biotech, ”Pūnaewele Hana Pesticide (2012)

"ʻO wai ka hana 'enekinia no wai? " na Marcia Ishii-Eitemann, PhD, ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Pesticide Action Network North America (2011)

"E kala mai, NY Times: ʻaʻole e hoʻopakele nā ​​GMO i ka honua, ”Na Anna Lappe, Grist (2011)

"I loko o ia mea e hele ai au i ka manamana wāwae me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a H. Clinton ma luna o GMO, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2009)

"Palapala Hoʻololi Hoʻololi Genetically: US Kulekele ʻĀina GMO Ma Ke Ala āpau, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2008)

ʻO Glyphosate Spin Check: Nānā i nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i ka Herbicide i hoʻohana nui ʻia

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Ma waena o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa honua e pili ana i ka palekana o nā lāʻau make e pili ana i ka glyphosate e like me Monsanto's Roundup, ua nui nā ʻōlelo i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e pale aku i ka palekana o ka huahana. I ke ala o ʻelua mau ʻōlelo hoʻoholo juri ʻānō i ʻike ʻo Roundup i kumu nui i ka hana ʻana i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ua nānā mākou i kekahi o kēia mau koi a hōʻoiaʻiʻo iā lākou no ka pololei.

Inā he mau hiʻohiʻona hou aʻe kāu o ka glyphosate spin āu e makemake ai iā mākou e nānā pono, e ʻoluʻolu e leka uila iā lākou iā stacy@usrtk.org a i ʻole tweet iā mākou @USRighttoKnow.

ʻO Mark Lynas, Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema paena (Nowemapa 2017)

Aia i loko o kēia ʻatikala na Mark Lynas nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi. E like me nā mea e hoʻolaha ana i nā huahana glyphosate, nānā nā kuleana ma aneʻi i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka mea i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen kanaka paha ma 2015.

KĀLAI: ʻO IARC kahi "ʻike liʻiliʻi a ʻoi iki hoʻi o ka flaky offshoot o ka World Health Organization" i "loaʻa ʻaneʻane nā mea āpau āpau"

KEKAHI: ʻO ka IARC kahi ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai kūikawā o WHO me nā panela loea i komo i loko o nā ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa mai nā ʻano ʻokoʻa o ka noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai. I kāna 50-makahiki mōʻaukala, IARC i loiloi ʻia 1,013 mau mea a loaʻa iā 49% o kēlā mau mea "ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia e pili ana i kāna carcinogenicity i nā kānaka"; 20% ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like a ʻike ʻia a i ʻole carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

KĀLAI: "Ua hoʻololi nui ʻia nā kikoʻī mua o ka loiloi IARC ma kahi pae hope loa e kuhikuhi i kahi loaʻa carcinogenicity - ʻoiai ke ʻepekema a lākou e loiloi nei i kuhikuhi ʻia mai kēia"

KEKAHI: Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia kēia koi me kahi hōʻike Reuters hemahema na Kate Kelland kēlā waiho i nā ʻike koʻikoʻi, me ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka hapa nui o ka ʻike ʻaʻole i lawe ʻia e IARC mai "nā kikoo mua" mai kahi ʻatikala loiloi i kākau ʻia e kahi ʻepekema Monsanto. ʻO ka ʻatikala loiloi "ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka ʻike kūpono no ka loiloi kūʻokoʻa i nā hopena i loaʻa i ka ʻepekema Monsanto a me nā mea kākau ʻē aʻe," ʻLelo ʻo IARC. Ua kākau ʻo Kelland he mau moʻolelo loiloi i ka IARC; hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā palapala i ka 2019 hoʻokumu ʻo Monsanto i kahi lima malū i kekahi o kāna hōʻike ʻana.

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i kahi kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe e kāpae i kāna mau koi e pili ana i ka hana hewa ma IARC: ʻO David Zaruk, kahi ma mua lobiia ʻenehana kemika ka mea i hana mua no ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu Burson-Marsteller.

KĀLAI: ʻO Glyphosate ka "kemika maikaʻi loa i ka mahiʻai honua"

KEKAHI: ʻAʻole pili kēia ʻepekema i ka ʻepekema. Loulou nā loulou iā glyphosate i a laulā o nā manaʻo olakino e komo pū ana me ka maʻi ʻaʻai, ka maʻi endocrine, nā maʻi ate, nā wā hāpai pōkole, nā kīnā o ka hānau ʻana a me ka hōʻino ʻana i nā bacteria bacteria maikaʻi. Pili nā pili kaiapuni i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole ma 'āina, ka pi a nā leka uila.

NO KA MEA: ʻO Mark Lynas kahi ua huli ka mea kākau moʻolelo mua i mea kākoʻo hoʻolaha no nā huahana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia no ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha PR noho ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell i kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ACSH paena (ʻOkakopa 2017)

KĀLAI: ʻO ka hōʻike IARC carcinogenicity ma glyphosate kahi hihia o ka "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni"

KEKAHI: Hoʻokumu ʻo ACSH i kāna mau koi "hoʻopunipuni" ma nā kumuwaiwai like ʻelua ʻo Mark Lynas o ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i hoʻohana i hoʻokahi mahina ma hope e hoʻouka iā IARC ma ka pūnaewele Cornell: ka mea ma mua lobiia ʻenehana kemika ʻO David Zaruk a me ka pololei ʻole 'atikala ma Reuters ia ukali i nā mea kamaʻilio ia Ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto i ka mea haʻi moʻolelo.

NO KA MEA: ʻO ka ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino kahi pūʻulu mua i loaʻa kālā mai kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me ka paka nā ʻoihana, a kau i kāna lawelawe i nā hui ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana, e like me pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko. Hoʻokumu nā leka uila mai 2015 i kēlā Ke hoʻolako kālā nei ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH a noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike glyphosate IARC. Ua pane aku kahi limahana o ka ACSH ua pili mua lākou i loko o kahi "press full-court press: IARC" e pili ana i nā mahiʻai, phthalates a me nā pauahi diesel.

ʻO Yvette dʻEntremont, aka ka "Sci Babe"

Ka Puna Magazine Haawina (ʻOkakopa 2018)

KANAKA: "Me nā noiʻi he 800 ma luna ona, ʻaʻohe noiʻi i hōʻike ʻia i nā ʻāpana o Roundup i kumu e loaʻa ai ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

KEKAHI: Pili kekahi mau noiʻi ʻike hilinaʻi nui ʻo Roundup a i ʻole kāna glyphosate kī nui i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, me kahi noiʻi i waiho ʻia i ka EPA i nā makahiki 1980 i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā ʻepekema ʻo EPA i kēlā manawa no ka hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Nui a hewahewa nā papa noiʻi e papa inoa ai, akā hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā kaha puanaʻī ma ka 2015 ʻOihana International no ka noiʻi ʻana e pili ana i ka Monograp Cancer ma Glyphosate.

Pākuʻi, he ākea ʻikeʻikeʻepekema o ka hiki ke loaʻa i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o glyphosate herbicides i paʻi ʻia ma Pepeluali 2019 i ʻike ʻia ua hoʻonui ka makaʻu o ka poʻe me nā hōʻike kiʻekiʻe i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi ʻano maʻi ʻaʻai i kapa ʻia ʻo non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

NO KA MEA: He "mea kōkua kōkua" ʻo Yvette dʻEntremont i ka makasina iho me kahi kolamu i kapa ʻia ʻo "SciBabe Explains." ʻAʻole hoʻolaha ka makasina iho iā ia i kāna poʻe heluhelu ʻo SciBabe nā hoa me nā ʻoihana nāna i pale aku. I ka 2017, ʻo Splenda ka mea ʻono hoʻokalakupua hana pū ʻia me SciBabe e kōkua i ka "hoʻoikaika i nā mea pā o ka SPLENDA® Brand e hana i ka hana nui i nā kaʻao e pili ana i ka sucralose." Ua kākoʻo nā ʻoihana kemika i kekahi o kāna mau ʻōlelo i nā ʻaha kūkā kamaʻāina.

ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, epidemiologist

Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic paena (ʻOkakopa 2018)

KĀLAI: Ua aʻo maikaʻi ʻia ʻo Glyphosate no ka mea ʻawahia a haʻahaʻa loa nā manaʻo i loaʻa i nā kānaka ʻaʻohe pono e noi hou ʻia ... ʻaʻohe mea i koe e hōʻoia i ka noiʻi hou aku. "

KEKAHI: I ka hoʻohiki hoʻohiki i ʻae ʻia i loko o nā hōʻike i ka hoʻopiʻi mau ʻana e kūʻē iā Monsanto a me ka mea nāna ʻo Bayer AG, ka luna nui ʻo Monsanto Ua ʻae ʻo Hugh Grant ʻaʻole i hana ka ʻoihana i kekahi noiʻi epidemiology o nā formulate waikiki e pili ana i ka glyphosate i kūʻai ʻia e ka hui. Ua ʻimi pū ka hui e ālai i kahi loiloi kino o nā formly glyphosate e ka ʻĀina no nā mea Toxic a me ke Kakau Disease.

Eia kekahi, ʻo kēia mau ʻōlelo, a Kauka Kabat i hāʻawi aku ai i kahi kumu inoa inoa ʻole, e nānā ʻole i nā ʻike nui ʻelua: pili nā noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i ka glyphosate i kahi ākea. nā pilikia olakino a me nā hopohopo pili kaiapuni, a me nā hōʻike mai ka waiho ʻana mai o ka ʻaha e hōʻike ana ua hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto i nā loiloi ʻepekema a me nā hoʻoponopono ʻana o glyphosate (e ʻike i nā laʻana a me nā kumuwaiwai. maanei, maanei, maanei, a maanei).

Wahi a ka luna kānāwai ʻo Vince Chhabria, ka mea i pelekikena i kahi hoʻokolokolo pekelala hou loa i hopena i $ 80 miliona o nā pohō i kūʻē iā Monsanto, ua hōʻike nā mea hoʻopiʻi i nā hōʻike he nui ʻaʻole i lawe ʻo Monsanto i kahi ala kūpono, kūpono i ka palekana o kāna huahana. " Ka luna kānāwai kakau no hoi:

E pili ana i nā koena pesticide i loko o ka poʻe, ke hāpai nei ka ʻepekema i kēia manawa no ka mālama ʻole o nā lula o kēia wā i nā pale olakino kūpono. E ʻike i ka hōʻike a Carey Gillam, “Nā kemika i kā mākou meaʻai: Ke palekana ʻole paha ka 'palekana',”A me nā manaʻo ʻepekema maanei, maanei a maanei.

NO KA MEA: ʻO Kauka Geoffrey Kabat nā pili lōʻihi i ka ʻoihana paka a ua paʻi ʻia nā pepa maikaʻi i ka ʻoihana paka i uku kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana paka. Lawelawe ʻo ia ma ka papa o nā papa o ka hoʻonohonoho makua o Genetic Literacy Project, a hana pū me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR. ʻO Kabat kekahi ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka hui mua ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino.

Patrick Moore, kākāʻōlelo PR

Nīnauele wikiō me Canal + (Malaki 2015)

KĀLAI: "Hiki iā ʻoe ke inu i ka quart holoʻokoʻa o [glyphosate] a ʻaʻole ia e ʻeha iā ʻoe."

KEKAHI: ʻOiai ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto ʻaʻole ʻoe e inu i ka glyphosate. Wahi a ka hui paena, "ʻAʻohe mea inu ka glyphosate a pono ʻole e ʻai ʻia - e like me ʻoe e inu ʻole ai i ka shampoo a i ʻole ka detergent pā. He mea nui mau ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā huahana no kā lākou kumu i manaʻo ʻia ai kuhikuhi ʻia i ka lepili. ” (Hoʻomaopopo pū ka pou i Moore "ʻaʻole ia he loio Monsanto a i ʻole limahana.")

NO KA MEA: Ua hōʻike ʻia ʻo Moore ma ke ʻano he hoa hui o Greenpeace nāna i "kāhea aku i kāna hui mua" iā ia e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei no ka hoʻopau ʻana i nā huahana ʻona a i ʻole nā ​​ʻoihana haumia. Wahi a Greenpeace, "I kekahi manawa, ʻO Kauka Patrick Moore kahi lālā mua o Greenpeace. I kēia manawa he kūkākūkā pili lehulehu no nā hui haumia a Greenpeace e hana ai e loli. ” I ka makahiki 2014, ʻo Moore ua hōʻike i kahi komite Senate US ʻaʻohe hōʻike ʻepekema e pili ana ka hana a ke kanaka i ka hoʻomehana honua.

Kevin Folta, PhD, polofesa ma ke Kulanui o Florida

Tweets 2015 a 2013

KĀLAI: "Ua inu wau [glyphosate] ma mua e hōʻike i ka hōʻino ʻole" ... "Ua hana wau ia ola a hana hou. Pono e hui w / coke a wai c-berry paha. ʻO ke kopa. ʻAʻohe buzz ”

KEKAHI: ʻOiai ua hoʻopau paha ʻo Kauka Folta i ka glyphosate, he ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo maikaʻi ʻole kēia mai kahi kumu kūpono ʻole. E like me ka mea i hōʻike ʻia ma luna, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto ʻaʻole ʻoe e inu i ka glyphosate.

NO KA MEA: Loaʻa iā Professor Folta alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu i nā manawa he nui e pili ana i kāna mau ʻoihana ahupuaʻa. Ma 2017, ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Kauka Folta i ka mea kākau moʻolelo lanakila ʻo Pulitzer-Prize ʻo Eric Lipton no ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO Folta mau hana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia me Monsanto e kōkua i ke eo ʻana i ka lepili GMO. ʻO ka hoʻopiʻi ka hoʻokuʻuʻia.

ʻO Alison van Eenennaam, PhD, he genetistist holoholona, ​​UC Davis 

ninaninau wikiō ma ka Pūnaewele Nūhou Maoli (Mei 2015)

KĀLAI: "Manaʻo wau aia kekahi mau meta-anamanaʻo piha āpau i hana ʻia i hala koke aku nei e hōʻike ana ʻaʻohe hopena kūlohelohe a carcinogenicity paha e pili ana me ka hoʻohana ʻana o Roundup. Aia kahi Kelemania Federal Institute no ka nānā loiloi e nānā wale nei i nā haneli o nā noiʻi kumuwaiwai a kokoke i hoʻokahi kaukani mau hōʻike i paʻi ʻia, a ua hoʻoholo ʻia ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻia i ka ʻike data a me nā waiwai mutagentic o glyphosate, a i ʻole he mea ʻawaʻawa ka glyphosate i ka momona, hānau hou, a i ʻole embryonic hoʻomohala fetal i nā holoholona lab ... A ʻaʻole wau e kāhea iā Kelemānia he ʻāina kahi āu e manaʻo ai e hana ana lākou i kahi loiloi pōpilikia i nānā ʻole i ka ʻōlelo a ka ʻikepili. "

KEKAHI: A 2019 moʻolelo ʻO ke komisina e nā lālā o ka Parliament i ka European Union ʻike ʻia ʻo kā Kelemania loiloi loiloi "keʻena a me nā palapala i kope ʻia mai nā noi ʻana o Monsanto." E ʻike i ka hōʻike ʻana ma ke Kahu e Arthur Neslen, “Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka ʻae glyphosate a EU ma ka palapala Monsanto plagiarized, ua loaʻa ka hōʻike."

NO KA MEA: ʻO Kauka van Eenennaam kahi mea hoʻolaha nui o nā holoholona genetically engineered a me nā mea ulu, a me kahi mea koi ikaika no ka deregulation. Hōʻike nā palapala ua hoʻohui ʻo ia me nā hui mahiʻai a me kā lākou mau ʻoihana pili lehulehu ma PR a me ka leka ʻana.

Kiʻi paʻi kiʻi Food Evolution 

Paipai kēia pepa wikiō hiʻohiʻona 2017 i nā meaʻai me ka genetically engineered e like me ka hopena o ka pōloli o ka honua akā glosses i kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa nui ma ke kikowaena o ka GMO hoʻopaʻapaʻa: inā ʻo Roundup, ka mea kanu lāʻau a ka hapanui o nā huaʻai GM i ʻenekini e pale aku, kumu no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. ʻAʻole hōʻike iki ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i ka hōʻike a ka IARC i loaʻa he glyphosate kino kanaka paha ia, a hilinaʻi ʻia ma nā kumuwaiwai ʻelua wale nō e koi ai ʻaʻole hopohopo ka glyphosate.

KĀLAI: Hōʻike ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i nā kiʻi o Monsanto's Robb Fraley e hāʻawi nei i kahi haʻiʻōlelo; i ka wā i nīnau aku ai kahi lālā o ka poʻe e pili ana iā ia e pili ana i nā loulou e hoʻopili ana i ka glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a i ʻole nā ​​kīnā o ka hānau ʻana, ua hoʻoluli ʻo Fraley i kona lima me ka ʻokiʻoki a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia mau haʻawina āpau he "pseudoscience."

KEKAHI: Nā hōʻike mai ka hoʻopaʻa holoholona ʻana a me ka ʻikepili epidemiological paʻi ʻia i loko o nā puke pai kaulana e hoʻopili ana i ka glyphosate i kekahi mau hopena maikaʻi ʻole e like me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā hānau hānau.

KĀLAI: Wahi a kahi mahiʻai i ka glyphosate "loa, hoʻohaʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa loa; malalo o ke kope, lalo o ka paʻakai. ”

KEKAHI: Ke hoʻohālikelike nei i ka ʻona o ka hōʻike wā pōkole o ka glyphosate i nā mea e like me ke kope a me ka paʻakai ka mea pili ʻole a kuhi hewa hoʻi; pili nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā loulou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai ma nā hōʻike lōʻihi, wā lōʻihi i glyphosate.

NO KA MEA: Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Evolution Hamilton Kennedy e ka meaʻai Evolution, haʻi ʻia e Neil deGrasse Tyson a hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka Institute for Food Technologists, kahi hui kālepa ʻoihana. Ua kāhea nā kālaiʻike he nui a propaganda kiʻiʻoniʻoni, a he nui ka poʻe i nīnauele ʻia no ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i wehewehe ʻia a kaʻina hoʻohenehene sneaky a me ka hoʻopunipuni. ʻO NYU Polofesa Marion Nestle noi ʻia e lawe ʻia i waho o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, akā hōʻole ka luna hoʻokele.

ʻAha Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa

IMF paena (ʻAukake 2018)

KĀLAI: "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka glyphosate ʻaʻole ia he carcinogenic."

KEKAHI: ʻAʻole hāʻawi kēia ʻatikala na Julie Gunlock i ke kākoʻo ʻepekema no kāna mau koi; ke alakaʻi nei nā loulou i nā blog IWF o mua e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā hui kaiaulu o ka wahaheʻe a me nā "makaʻu makaʻu ʻole."

NO KA MEA: Ke Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa paipai i nā huahana paka, hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a me nā hoa me Monsanto i nā hanana e pale aku i nā pesticides. Hāʻawi kālā nui ʻia ʻo IWF e nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu ʻākau e hāpai ana i ka deregulation no nā ʻoihana haumia.

ʻO ka ʻAha ʻIke ʻImi Meaʻai Mea Kai

Āikio paena  (Ianuali 2016)

KĀLAI: "ʻO ka hoʻoholo ʻana a IARC [kēlā glyphosate kahi kanaka kino kanesa paha] i loaʻa e nā poʻe loea he nui i kāpae ʻia i nā hanana he nui i ʻike ʻole ʻia he hōʻike carciogenic. Ua ʻike ka poʻe loea i ka loiloi ʻia o ka IARC e pili ana i ka ʻepekema kīnā ʻole a me ka hoʻowahāwahā ʻia, a ʻo kekahi e hele nei a hiki i ka ʻōlelo ʻana he hewa loa ka hopena.

KEKAHI: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo IFIC i nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana no kēia mau koi, e pili ana i nā ʻatikala na Val Giddings, PhD, ua huli ka luna o ka hui kālepa mua Kūkākūkā PR no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai; a ʻo Keith Solomon, kahi lāʻau ʻona i hoʻolimalima ʻia e Monsanto e nānā i ka hōʻike IARC.

NO KA MEA: ka ʻAha ʻIkepili ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai, hoʻolako kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana nui a me nā hui kemika, paipai a pale aku i ke kō, nā mea hoʻonaninani, nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai, nā pesticides, nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia a me nā GMO. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi hoʻolālā PR Monsanto PR IFIC ma ke ʻano he hoʻokahi o nā "hoa hana" hiki ke kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO kēia kiʻi i paʻi ʻia i ka ʻaoʻao glyphosate IFIC (a laila holoi ʻia ma hope o ko mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā ʻana) kahi laʻana o ke ʻano o ka leka ʻana a ka ʻoihana meaʻai e hoʻāʻo ai e hoʻohuli i nā wahine e hilinaʻi i kā lākou "loea." 

Pili ʻo Pamela Ronald i nā pūʻulu mua o ka ʻoihana kemika

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Hoʻohou i Iune 2019

ʻO Pamela Ronald, PhD, he polofesa o nā mea kanu pathology ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis a me ka mea kākau o ka puke 2008, "Tomorrow's Table," kahi mea i kākoʻo nui ʻia no nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered. ʻAʻoleʻike iki ʻia ʻo kā Kauka Ronald kuleana i loko o nā hui e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana, akā ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ke hana pū nei me nā ʻoihana kemika e hoʻolaulaha a me lobby no nā GMO a me nā pesticides, i nā hoʻonohonoho i maopopo ʻole i ka lehulehu. 

Pili i ka hui mahiʻai kī nui

He pilina paʻa ko Pamela Ronald i kahi hui mua o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, a me kāna alakaʻi alakaʻi, ʻo Jon Entine. Ua kōkua ʻo ia iā lākou ma nā ʻano like ʻole. O kahi laʻana, hōʻike nā palapala i ka 2015, Ua koho ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule a me ke aʻo o ka ʻepekema kamaʻilio ma UC Davis, a hana pū me Genetic Literacy Project e hoʻokipa i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai i uku kālā ʻia. hanana leka uila ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe komo pehea e hoʻolaha ai i nā huahana mahiʻai. 

Ua wehewehe ʻia ka papahana genetic literacy ma kahi ia nā kumu kāki-eo Le Monde ʻike ma ke ʻano he “punaewele propaganda kaulana” i hoʻokani i ke kuleana nui i ko Monsanto paipai e hōʻino i ka hōʻike a ke keʻena noiʻi noiʻi maʻi maʻi o ka World Health Organization ma glyphosate. I ka a Palapala PR 2015, Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Monsanto i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma waena o ka “ʻoihana hana ” ua hoʻolālā ka ʻoihana e komo i ka "orchestrate outcry" e pili ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i nā ʻatikala he nui e hōʻeha ana i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i hoʻopunipuni a hana pū ka palaho, ka hoʻokahuli, ka hūnā a me ka hoʻopunipuni.

He pili lōʻihi ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana kemika; pili pū kona kino hana i ka pale ʻana pesticides, hanalima Nine Inch, Ka lula ea Ke, kūpilikiʻi, A me ka ʻoihana aila, pinepine me hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema, nā kānaka moʻolelo a nā kālaiʻike.  Hoʻohui ee ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma 2011 i ka manawa He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto o kāna ʻoihana pili lehulehu. ʻO ka GLP ma mua pili pū ʻia me STATS, ua wehewehe kahi mea nūhou pūʻulu nonprofit ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia kanalua nā ʻanoʻano e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a ʻo “ʻike ʻia no ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana kemika. " 

I ka 2015, ua neʻe ka Genetic Literacy Project i kahi hui makua hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project. ʻO ka faila ʻauhau IRS no kēlā makahiki hōʻikeʻia he lālā hoʻokumu ʻo Kauka Ronald o ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema, akā nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2018 e hōʻike ua hōʻoia ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine e haʻalele hou i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau ma hope o ka ʻike ʻia ua helu ʻia ʻo ia ma laila (ʻo ka ʻauhau ʻauhau i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kēia manawa loaʻa ma aneʻi). Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine, “ʻAʻole au i lawelawe ma kēia papa a ʻaʻole wau i hāʻawi i ka ʻae no ka papa inoa ʻia o koʻu inoa. E ʻoluʻolu e hana koke e hoʻomaopopo i ka IRS ua helu ʻia koʻu inoa me ka ʻae ʻole. ” Ua kākau ʻo Entine he ʻokoʻa kona hoʻomanaʻo ʻana. "Hoʻomaopopo wau iā ʻoe e ʻae nei e lilo i ʻāpana o ka papa a poʻo i ka papa mua ... Ua hauʻoli ʻoe a kākoʻo hoʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. ʻAʻohe nīnau i loko o koʻu manaʻo ua ʻae ʻoe i kēia. ” Akā naʻe ua ʻae ʻo ia e hoʻāʻo e lawe i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau.

Ua kūkākūkā hou lāua i ka palapala ʻauhau ma Kekemapa 2018 ma hope o ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kēia pepa. Ua kākau ʻo Entine, "Ua helu wau iā ʻoe ma ka 990 kumu e pili ana i ke kamaʻilio kelepona ʻana āu i ʻae ai e noho ma ka papa. I ka manawa i koho ai ʻoe iaʻu ua ʻae ʻole ʻoe, ua hoʻomaʻemaʻe wau i ka moʻolelo e like me kāu i noi ai. ” I loko o leka uila ʻē aʻe i kēlā lā, ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻo ia iā Kauka Ronald "ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua pili ʻoe me 'kēlā hui: ʻoiai mākou e hana pū ana, hana maʻalahi a hana ʻole hoʻi, i ka hana ʻana i kahi hoʻomoana kīpuka ma kāu kula nui."  

Hoʻonohonoho nā palapala ʻauhau ʻEpekema Literacy i kēia manawa i ʻekolu mau lālā o ka papa: Entine; ʻO Drew Kershen, he loea loio i hala ma mua ma ka papa o "Review Academics," he hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana kāna kālā mai nā hui mahiʻai; a ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, he epidemiologist nāna e lawelawe ma ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema no ka mea, o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto no kāna hana pale aku i nā pesticides a me GMO.

Hoʻokumu ʻia, alakaʻi ʻia ka hui ʻo UC Davis e hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā hana PR hana

ʻO Kauka Ronald ka luna hoʻokumu o ka World Food Center's Ke keʻena no ka heluhelu ʻana i ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai (IFAL), kahi hui i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2014 ma UC Davis e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā kumu a me nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, nā mea kanu a me nā pesticides. ʻAʻole hōʻike piha ka hui i kāna kālā.

Hōʻike nā palapala i hāʻawi ʻia e Dr. Ronald ʻO Jon Entine a me kāna hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻO kahi papahana Genetic Literacy Project kahi paepae ma UC Davis, ke koho nei iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule uku ʻole ʻia o IFAL a he kumu aʻo a kumu aʻo i kahi papahana puka ʻepekema kamaʻilio. ʻAʻole ʻo Entine he hoa ma UC Davis. E ʻike i kā mākou leka 2016 i ka World Food Center e nīnau ana e pili ana i ke kālā no Entine a me IFAL a me kā lākou wehewehe wehewehe e pili ana i kahi e loaʻa ai kā lākou kālā.

I Iulai 2014, ua hōʻike ʻo Kauka Ronald i kahi leka uila i kahi hoa hana ʻo Entine kahi mea kōkua nui i hiki ke hāʻawi iā lākou i nā manaʻo maikaʻi i ka mea e hoʻopili aku ai e hōʻiliʻili i nā kālā hou aʻe no ka hanana IFAL mua. I Iune 2015, hui pū ʻo IFAL i ka “ʻO kahi hoʻomoana boot a Project Biotech Literacy”Me ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻO ka hui loiloi ʻia ʻo Monsanto i kākoʻo ʻia e ka hui. Ua koi nā mea hoʻonohonoho i uku kālā ʻia kēia hanana e nā kumu, nā aupuni a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, akā hōʻole nā ​​kumu ʻoihana ʻole i ke kālā kālā i nā hanana a me ka ʻo ke kumuwaiwai kālā hiki ke haki ʻia mai ka ʻoihana, e like me ka hōʻike a Paul Thacker ma The Progressive.

Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau kēlā Kānāwai Loiloi, i loaʻa iā ia kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa, hoʻolilo i $ 162,000 no ka ʻaha kūkā ʻekolu lā ma UC Davis. Ke kumu o ka hoʻomoana kīpaku, e like me ka papa kuhikuhi, e hoʻomaʻamaʻa a kākoʻo i nā ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi kālaiʻike e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu a me nā mea hana kulekele e pili ana i nā pono o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO nā mea kamaʻilio ma kahi hoʻomoana kālele kā UC Davis ʻO Jay Byrne, Ko Monsanto luna mua o nā ʻoihana hui; Lākana Hank o ka Monsanto-uku kālā ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino; nā polofesa me nā pilina ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia e like me Kulanui o ʻInikia Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy a Ke Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta; ʻO Cami Ryan, e hana nei no Monsanto; ʻO David Ropeik, kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻike pilikia ʻike PR nona pū kekahi nā mea kūʻai aku me Dow a me Bayer; a me nā hui ʻenehana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe.

Nā haʻi ʻōlelo nui ʻo Dr. Ronald, ʻO Yvette dʻEntremont ka Sci Babe, he "ʻepekema kamaʻilio" nāna e pale aku i nā pesticides a me nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻona i ka wā e lawe kālā ana mai nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i kēlā mau huahana, a me Ted Nordhaus o ka Breakthrough Institute. (Ua helu pū ʻia ʻo Nordhaus ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka Papa ʻEpekema ʻEpekema ma ka palapala ʻauhau 2015/2016 kumu, akā ua kāpae ʻia kona inoa me Dr. Ronald's i loko o ka pepa i hoʻoponopono ʻia ʻo Entine i waiho ʻia i ka makahiki 2018. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Nordhaus ʻaʻole ʻo ia i lawelawe ma ka papa.)

Ke kuke ʻana i kahi boycott Chipotle

Hōʻike nā leka uila iā Dr. Ronald lāua ʻo Jon Entine hana pū ʻia ma ka leka ʻana e hōʻino ai i nā loiloi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered. I kekahi hihia, ua noi ʻo Kauka Ronald e hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott e kūʻē i ka Chipotle hale ʻaina ma luna o kāna hoʻoholo e hāʻawi a paipai i nā meaʻai GMO ʻole.

I ʻApelila 2015, ua leka uila ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine a ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, kahi limahana o Monsanto ma mua a me ka loea o ka laulima kōkua ma UC Davis, e ʻōlelo e loaʻa iā lākou kahi haumāna e kākau e pili ana i nā mahiʻai e hoʻohana ana i nā pesticides ʻoi loa e ulu i ka GM-GMO. “Manaʻo wau e hoʻolaha mākou i kēia ʻoiaʻiʻo (ke loaʻa iā mākou nā kikoʻī) a laila hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott chipotle, "Kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald. Ua kuhikuhi ʻo Entine i kahi hoa e kākau i kahi ʻatikala no ka papahana Genetic Literacy ma ke kumuhana e "lele pinepine ka hoʻohana pesticide" ke hoʻololi ka poʻe mahiʻai i kahi hiʻohiʻona GMO ʻole e hoʻolako i nā hale ʻaina e like me Chipotle. ʻO ka Haawina, mea i kākau ʻia e Entine a me ke kuhi ʻana i kāna pili ʻo UC Davis, ʻaʻole e hōʻoia i kēlā kuleana me ka ʻikepili.

Hoʻokumu ʻia ka hui biotech spin spin BioFortified

Ua hoʻokumu a lawelawe ʻo Dr. Ronald ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa (2012-2015) o ʻO Biology Fortified, Inc. (Biofortified), kahi hui e paipai i nā GMO a Loaʻa iā ia kahi hui activist hoa hoʻonohonoho kēlā nā kūʻē e kūʻē iā Monsanto. ʻO nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe o Biofortified me ka lālā hoʻokumu o David Tribe, he genistist ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne i hoʻokumu pū Review Review, ka hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana nā kālā ʻoihana, a hana pū me IFAL e hoʻokipa i ka papahana Biotech Literacy "camp boot" ma UC Davis.

ʻO ka lālā o ka papa ʻo Kevin Folta (2015-2018), he ʻepekema mea kanu ma ke Kulanui o Florida, ʻo ia ka kumuhana o ka moʻolelo New York Times ke hōʻike nei ua alakaʻi hewa ʻo ia i ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO Steve Blogage kahi mea kākau blog biofortified Ua huli ka limahana o DuPont i kuhina ʻoihana; ʻO Joe Ballanger, a kākāʻōlelo no Monsanto; a me Andrew Kniss, nāna i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto. Hōʻike nā palapala i kēlā hoʻohui ʻia nā lālā o Biofortified me ka ʻoihana pesticide ma kahi hoʻolaha lobbying e kū'ē nā kapu pesticide ma Hawaii.

Pāʻani i ke kuleana alakaʻi i ka kiʻi ʻoniʻoni hoʻolaha kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana

Ua hōʻike nui ʻia ʻo Kauka Ronald i ka Food Evolution, kahi kiʻi paʻi kiʻi e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini i uku ʻia e ka hui kālepa Institute for Food Technologists. He mau kālaiʻike ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia ʻo propaganda propaganda, a me kekahi mau kānaka i nīnauele ʻia no ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i wehewehe ʻia i ke kaʻina hana hoʻopunipuni a ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua lawe ʻia ko lākou mau manaʻo ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili.

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2017/06/gmo-industry-propaganda-film-food-evolution/

'Adlelo aʻoaʻo no ka hoʻolaha kaiāulu GMO ma Cornell

ʻO Kauka Ronald ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha PR i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻolaha ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka leka uila ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hāʻawi kālā nui ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i ua kūʻē i ka hoʻohana ʻia o ke kānāwai Freedom of Information e nānā i nā hui lehulehu, alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu me ka ʻike kūpono ʻole a hoʻokiʻekiʻe i nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole ʻia; ʻike palapala i loko o kā mākou pepa pono.

Loaʻa kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala e US Right to Know e loaʻa ana iā Dr. Ronald ka uku mai nā hui mahiʻai e ʻōlelo ma nā hanana kahi e hoʻolaha ai ʻo ia i nā GMO i nā mea hoʻolohe nui e ʻimi ai nā ʻoihana e hoʻohuli, e like me nā mea ʻai. Hāʻawi nā leka uila mai Nowemapa 2012 i kahi laʻana o ka hana a Dr. Ronald me nā ʻoihana.

ʻO ka limahana ʻo Monsanto Wendy Reinhardt Kapsak, he mea lapaʻau i hana mua no ka ʻoihana meaʻai hui wili IFIC, kono iā Ronald e kamaʻilio ma nā ʻaha kūkā ʻelua ma 2013, Food 3000 a me ka Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference a me Expo. Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻelua kūkākūkā nā uku a me nā kūʻai puke a ʻae ʻo Kauka Ronald e ʻōlelo ma Food 3000, kahi ʻaha kūkā i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka firm PR Porter Novelli a Kapsak i ʻōlelo ai e hōʻea i "90 ka pāʻoihana kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i ka meaʻai a me nā loea / influencers." (Kauka Ronald hoʻoili ʻia $ 3,000 no ka hanana). Nīnau ʻo Kapsak iā loiloi i nā kiʻi a Dr. Ronald a hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea e kūkākūkā i ka leka ʻana. Eia nō naʻe ma ka papa ka moderator ʻo Mary Chin (he kaukaʻai nāna kūkākūkā me Monsanto), a me nā lunamakaʻāinana mai ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation a me Monsanto, me Kapsak e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo hoʻomaka. Ua hōʻike ʻo Kapsak ma hope ua loaʻa nā loiloi i ka panela me nā poʻe i ʻōlelo ʻia e haʻi like lākou i ka manaʻo, "Pono mākou i kahi biotech e kōkua e hānai i ka honua. "

ʻO nā hana ʻē aʻe i hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻē aʻe no Dr. Ronald i komo pū me kahi 2014 haiolelo ma Monsanto no ka mea, $ 3,500 me 100 kope o kāna puke ka mea āna hōʻole e tweet e pili ana; a me kahi kamaʻilio e kamaʻilio 2013 ana i hoʻoili ai Bayer AG no $ 10,000.

Nā pepa i hoʻihoʻi ʻia

Retraction Watch ua hōʻike ʻo ia, “He makahiki paʻakikī ka 2013 no ka meaolaola ʻo Pamela Ronald. Ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana i ka protein i hōʻike ʻia e hoʻomaka i ka ʻōnaehana pale o ka laiki e pale aku ai i kahi maʻi bacteria - e hōʻike ana i kahi ala hou e hana i nā mea kū i ka maʻi - ua huki ʻo ia a me kāna hui i ʻelua mau pepa i ka 2013 ma hope o ka hiki ʻole ke hana hou i kā lākou ʻike. ʻO nā mea hewa: kahi misia maʻi koʻokoʻo a me kahi hoʻoweliweli ʻano nui. Eia naʻe, ʻo ka mālama a me ka transparency āna i hōʻike ai i loaʻa iā ia kahi 'hana ana i ka mea kūpono'kunou mai iā mākou i kēlā manawa. "

E ʻike i ka uhi:

"He aha kāu e hana ai e pili ana i nā retractions ʻeha? ʻO Q&A me Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo Beniamina Swessinger, " Retraction Watch (7.24.2015)

"Hiki i ke kūlana ʻepekema o Pamala Ronald, ke alo lehulehu o GMO, ke hoʻopakele ʻia?"Na Jonathan Latham, Nūhou ʻEpekema Kūʻokoʻa (11.12.2013)

"Hana hou ʻo Pamela Ronald i ka mea kūpono, retracting a paper Science, " Retraction Watch (10.10.2013)

"Ke hana nei i ka mea kūpono: Hoʻihoʻi nā kānaka noiʻi i ka pepa i ʻike ʻia e ka ʻaha ma hope o ka hana lehulehu, " Retraction Watch (9.11.2013)

ʻO Val Giddings: ʻOihana kiʻekiʻe no ka Agrichemical ʻoihana

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ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, he mea nui i ka hana ʻoihana mahiʻai e kūʻē i ka ʻike transparency a me ka palekana no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know a kau ʻia i ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika kuhikuhi ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Giddings i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi hui mua a hoʻokani i ke kī ma hope o nā hanana i nā hana ʻē aʻe e kāpae i ka papa hana deregulatory o nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO Kauka Giddings kahi pelekikena pelekikena ma ka ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO), kahi hui kālepa no nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā meaola. I kēia manawa ke holo nei ʻo ia i ke keʻena kūkā ʻo PrometheusAB, a he hoa nui ʻo ia ma ka Technology Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF).

He pahu noʻonoʻo ʻo ITIF i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau, uea ʻole, telecom, kiʻiʻoniʻoni a me nā ʻoihana biotech, i ʻike maikaʻi ʻia no ke kūʻē nei i ka “neutrality net"A ke hāpai nei i ka papahana o ka ʻenehana ʻenehana. ʻO ka hui neʻe i ka biotechnology i ka 2011 me Dr. Giddings. ʻO nā lālā o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e lawelawe nei ma ke ʻano he "noho noho hanohano" o ITIF, me US Reps Anna Eshoo (D-CA), Darrell Issa (R-CA) a me nā Senators Orrin Hatch (R-UT) a ʻO Chris Coons (D-DE), ʻike ʻia ke kākoʻo a kōkua ʻana i nā hana paka i hoʻohana ʻia e Kauka Giddings e holomua i nā pono ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua kuke ʻia i mua ka pūʻulu ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā loiloi Monsanto

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana he kuleana nui ʻo Dr. Giddings i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana ʻO ka loiloi Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua i koi wahaheʻe he kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e lawe ana i nā kālā ʻoihana mahiʻai a e hoʻāʻo nei e hūnā i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO nā mea hoʻolālā kī ʻē aʻe ʻO Jay Byrne, he luna mua o nā kamaʻilio hui ma Monsanto; Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign; a ʻO Eric Sachs, PhD, ka luna o ke kulekele hoʻoponopono a me nā hana ʻepekema ma Monsanto.

Kuhi wahaheʻe nā kālaiʻike nā koi ma kāna pūnaewele ʻaʻole ia e ʻae i ke kālā ʻoihana a i ʻole noi i nā kālā no nā hana kikoʻī. akā e like me nā palapala ʻauhau, ʻo ka hapa nui o ke kālā no ka Review Academics mai ka Council for Biotechnology Information, kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia a holo ʻia e nā hui kemika nui loa o ka honua. BASF, Bayer / Monsanto, DowDuPont a me Syngenta / ChemChina.

Ka papa kuhikuhi o nā hanana nui no ka Nānā ʻInikino:

Malaki 11, 2010: ʻO Byrne lāua ʻo Kauka Chassy ua kūkākūkā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Review Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua e hoʻokumu i nā loiloi o GMO a me nā pesticides me ke kōkua mai a Dr. Giddings. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne hiki iā lāua a me Kauka Giddings ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e hoʻohui i nā hui ʻoihana i ka papahana "i ke ʻano e kōkua ai e hōʻoia i ka hilinaʻi a me ke kūʻokoʻa (a pēlā ka waiwai) o nā mea hāʻawi / nā mea nona mua ..." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne e hoʻomohala ana ʻo ia no Monsanto kahi papa inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e hoʻokau:

Malaki 24, 2010:  ʻO Kauka Chassy ee ka Pūnaewele Nānā Manaʻo me David Tribe, PhD, haʻi ʻōlelo poʻokela ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne, Australia, me nā kāne ʻelua i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he puʻukū.

Nūpepa 23, 2010: Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Kauka Giddings lāua ʻo Kauka Chassy i nā ʻoihana a me nā hui ʻoihana paha "pony i luna" no ka Academics Review e hōʻole he pepa nāna i hoʻohalahala i ka soy.

  • "Makemake wau e hiki iā mākou ke hana i kahi kākoʻo mahalo iā ia," i kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings iā Dr. Chassy.
  • Pane akula ʻo Chassy ma kahi ʻāpana, "Pili au i ka makemake o kā mākou mau hoaaloha ma Monsanto e kākau i ka mea hōʻole a uku mai iā mākou e kau."
  • Ua kākau ʻo Giddings, "manaʻo wau e mākaukau paha ka poʻe soybean e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i kahi ʻāpana e kākau inoa i kahi rebuttal ... Inā hana mākou i kēia kūpono hiki iā mākou ke leverage i ka Brand AcaRev ma aneʻi."

I hoʻokahi pule ma hope, Ua nīnau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs inā ua manaʻo ʻo Monsanto e hōʻole i ka pepa soy, a haʻi iā Sachs: "E hoʻokipa ana ka Papa Soybean a US i kahi noi mai aʻu a me Graham Brookes e pane i ka ʻāpana." (Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha i kau ʻia a pane mai Chassy a me Brookes ma 2012 me ka hōʻike ʻole e pili ana i nā mea kālā.)

Nūpepa 30, 2010: Ma ke kūkaʻi leka uila ʻana me Kauka Chassy, ​​ua ʻōlelo ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto hiki iā ia ke kōkua i ka hoʻoikaika i ka pesticide a me GMO. nā hui kālepa ʻoihana e kākoʻo i ka Review Review. "E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Sachs.

ʻAukake 2011: Waiho mai o Kauka Giddings he noi i ka ʻO ka hui kālepa kālepa i hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻoihana mahiʻai CBI no ka papahana: "ʻo ka mea a mākou e hana ai i ka makahiki e hiki mai ana, he hana pololei ia o ke kākoʻo a mākou e hāpai ai," i kākau ʻo ia i ka Luna Hoʻokele CBI ʻo Ariel Gruswich, i kahi leka uila i kope ʻia iā Dr. Chassy a me ka ʻohana. Ua koi aku ʻo Gruswich i nā kāne e hui pū i kā lākou kelepona ʻana me kāna hui: "Manaʻo maoli wau ʻo ka hoʻolohe ʻana mai iā ʻoukou āpau e hoʻonui ai i ka likelika o ke kākoʻo ma waena o nā ʻoihana," kākau ʻo ia. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau i ka CBI i hāʻawi kālā ʻia i hāʻawi ʻia i ka Review Academics $ 650,000 mai 2014 i 2016 no "ka hoʻolaha ʻepekema."

ʻApelila 2014: Ua paʻi ʻia kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka kaua nei i ka ʻoihana meaola ma ke ʻano he scam marketing, a i koi ʻia he hui kūʻokoʻa me ka hakakā ʻole o ka hoihoi. E nānā: “Ua loaʻa nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua a pau i ka meaʻai meaola, ” na Stacy Malkan, Huffington Post

ʻO nā ʻepekema hoʻomaʻamaʻa i hoʻolako ʻia e nā ʻoihana, nā mea nūpepa pehea e wili ai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides  

Ma kahi o $ 300,000 o ke kālā ʻoihana kemika i kōkua ai ʻo Dr. Giddings e hōʻiliʻili no ka Academics Review e uku no ʻelua mau ʻaha kūkā i kapa ʻia ʻo Nā kahua hoʻomoana "Biotech Literacy Project", i mālama ia ma ka Kulanui o Florida i 2014 a ʻO UC Davis i ka 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau. Nā kahua hoʻomoana - i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka Academics Review a me kahi hui o mua ʻoihana,  Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hoʻomaʻamaʻa nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e refame i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

E nānā: “Ke haki nei no nā GMO: Pehea e ulu ai ka ʻoihana Biotech i nā Media maikaʻi - a me nā Crourism Discourages, "Na Paul Thacker, ʻO ka holomua

Deregulate GMOs: "puhi i ka mea āpau mea i luna"

I nā leka uila i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 2015, ua kūkākūkā ʻo Kauka Giddings me kekahi mau kālaiʻike i kahi hoʻolālā e kākau ʻelima mau puke pai e paio nei no ka pono o ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka ʻoihana biotech. Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings e pono e hopu i nā pepa, "ka mea aʻu e kapa aku ai iā Henry's" Blow the all damn thing up "hoʻopaʻapaʻa, kahi hihia aʻu e manaʻo nei e hana ʻia." Ua wehewehe ʻo Polopeka loio ʻo University of Arizona ʻo Gary Marchant, ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu i ka pānaʻi leka uila, "ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ka pepa 1 ka mea e pohā ai ke kumuhana āpau."

ʻO Alan McHughen, he mea aʻo ʻāpana lehulehu ma UC Riverside a "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pāʻoihana marketing marketing Nā pane a GMO, hāʻawi ʻia e kākau i ka pepa 1. ʻO Henry Miller, MD, 'ōleloʻo ia hiki iā ia ke kōkua akā ua nui loa kāna papa i mea kākau mua. (I hoʻokahi mahina ma hope mai, ua kau ʻo Miller i kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes ia ka New York Times i hōʻikeʻia ma hope ua kau ʻia e Ghostanto.)

ʻO kekahi poʻe i kope ʻia ma ka leka uila e pili ana i nā pepa puke pai ʻO Drew Kershen o ke Kulanui o ke Kulanui o Oklahoma o ke Kānāwai; ʻO Guy Cardineau, ʻO Yvonne Stevens a ʻO Lauren Burkhart o ke Kulanui Moku'āina ʻo ʻAlikona; ʻO Steven Strauss o ke Kulanui ʻo Oregon State; ʻO Kevin Folta o ke Kulanui o Florida; ʻO Shane Morris o Nā Kūlana Kūlana Kanada; ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam o UC Davis; ʻO Joanna Saksona o ke Kula Kanawai Komohana o Kaleponi; a ʻO Thomas Reddick o ka Global Environmental Ethics Council.

ʻO ka leka uila ʻepekema hoʻohui e kūʻē iā Seralini hoʻopaʻa

I Kepakemapa 2012, ʻo Kauka Giddings hoʻohui i kahi leka ʻepekema ʻepekema e koi ana iā Wallace Hayes, ka luna hoʻoponopono o Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino, e noʻonoʻo hou i kahi pepa Kepakemapa 2012 e ka mea noiʻi Palani ʻo Gilles-Éric Séralini nāna i hōʻike i nā tumors i nāʻiole i hānai ʻia i ka papaʻai o ka palaoa GM kolamu Roundup-tolerant. Ua huki ʻia ka pepa i hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope a paʻi hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai.

I mea e kōkua ai i ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka hōʻailona ma ka leka, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Giddings iā AgBioChatter - kahi papa inoa pilikino e pili ana i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻoihana, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe a me kā lākou mau hana PR. hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. ʻO kekahi polofesa i kau inoa i ka leka, ʻo Chris Leaver, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia "e hana ana ma hope o nā hōʻike ma o Sense About Science" e pili ana i ka noi Séralini. ʻO Sense About Science kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi of ʻepekema wili no ka pono o nā pono ʻoihana.

Nā hōʻailona o ka palapala i Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino he ʻO Robert Wager, Alda Lerayer, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, Nīnau, ʻO Steve Strauss, ʻO Chris Leaver, ʻO Shanthu Shantharam, ʻO Ingo Potrykus, ʻO Marc Fellous, ʻO Moises Burachik, Klaus-Dieter Jany, Anthony Trewavas, C Kameswara Rao, ʻO CS Prakash, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Kent Bradford, Selim Cetiner, Alan McHughen, ʻO Luis De Stefano-Beltrán, Bruce Chassy, Salbah Al-Momin, ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin, Klaus Ammann, Ronald Herring, Lucia de Souza.

Pili: “Nā leka uila i hoʻokumu ʻole ʻia: ua pili ʻo Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua e hoʻihoʻi i ka pepa GMO, " Retraction Watch

Kūkulu ʻia nā mea mahiʻai "mommy" maikaʻi e kau i nā GMO

I ke kamaʻilio pū ʻana me kahi lobbyist Monsanto e pili ana i ka pehea e lanakila ai i nā neʻe lepili ʻana o GMO ma Colorado a me Oregon i ka makahiki 2014, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kauka Giddings ʻo nā mea mahiʻai maikaʻi nā "mommy" maikaʻi nā ʻelele maikaʻi loa e hōʻalo i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hoʻolālā ʻia i nā genetically "ʻO ka mea e koi ai ke kūlana kahi lumi o nā kīwī kīwī e hōʻike nei i nā wahine ʻōpio maikaʻi, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o nā mahiʻai mommy, e wehewehe nei no ke aha ʻo nā meaʻai biotech i ʻoi aku ka palekana & ʻōmaʻomaʻo i ka mōʻaukala o ag a kūpono i ke kākoʻo, "ua kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings iā Lisa Drake, ke alakaʻi a Monsanto no nā hana aupuni.

I Kepakemapa 2015 ʻaoʻao-ʻaoʻao New York Times moʻolelo, ʻekolu manawa lanakila ʻO Pulitzer Prize lanakila ʻO Eric Lipton i wehewehe i nā leka uila:

"In kēia hoʻolōʻihi leka uila, kekahi o nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaiʻikei kiʻi ʻia e kōkua iā Monsanto e pahu i kāna nīnau no ka nīnau inā he ʻelele maikaʻi loa lākou. ʻ suggestlelo ʻelua e holo ʻo Monsanto i mau hoʻolaha kīwī e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai ma kahi. Pane ka loio loio Monsanto i ka hōʻike balota e hōʻike ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua holo mua ka ʻoihana i nā hoʻolaha TV e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai wahine. ”

E nānā: “Ua kāinoa ʻoihana ʻoihana i nā mea kālaiʻike i ke kaua lepili GMO, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila, ”Na Eric Lipton, Ka New York Times.

Keith Kloor: Pehea i hana ai kahi mea kākau ʻepekema ma hope o nā hanana me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana

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ʻO Keith Kloor kahi mea kākau moʻolelo kūʻokoʻa a he lālā kumu aʻoaʻo hoʻopukapuka hoʻohui Ke Kulanui o New York ka mea i kākau no ʻAno, ʻEpekema Insider, Slate a me nā ʻatikala he nui no ʻIke Magazine ke hoʻolaha nei i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered a me ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻoiai ke kōkua pū nei i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma hope o nā hanana.

Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know, kau ʻia i loko o ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika, hōʻike i nā hanana a Kloor i aʻo aku ai a hoʻoponopono i kāna mau kumuwaiwai, i uhi ʻole i nā pilina ʻoihana o kahi kumuwaiwai, a hōʻike ʻilihune ʻia e pili ana i ka ʻike i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i nā moʻolelo ʻoihana. Ua hōʻole ʻo Kloor e pane i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

Preemptive, koho koho o nā leka uila FOIA

Mai 2015 a 2017, ua hōʻike ʻo Kloor no Nature, ʻ Inslelo Pūnaewele, Mob, Nā pilikia i ka ʻepekema a me ka ʻenehana, a Slate ma ka a hoʻokolokolo moʻohelu lehulehu na US Kuleana e ʻike i ka mea i hōʻike i nā pilina i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā mea ʻimi kālā i hoʻolaha ākea e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai, me Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta. I kēlā me kēia o kēia mau ʻāpana i paʻi ʻia, ua haku ʻo Kloor i nā noi a nā lehulehu e like me ka ukana nui ʻole ma nā kālaiʻike.

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala mokuʻāina e hōʻike ana ʻo Kloor iho kahi ʻāpana o ka moʻolelo āna e hōʻike nei; ua hele aku ʻo ia i nā ʻaha kūkā aʻoaʻo aʻo aʻoaʻo kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia me ka pāʻoihana me Dr. Folta a kōkua iā Dr. Folta me ka leka uila. Ke hōʻike nei nā leka i hiki aku ʻo Kauka Folta iā Kloor e ʻōlelo i kahi hoʻokuʻu "preemptive" o kāna mau leka uila "akā koho" e kōkua i ka hōʻemi i ka hōʻino o nā palapala - a Kloor i hana ai, i loko o ka puke pai Nature. I ka manawa like e uhi ana ʻo Kloor i ka moʻolelo no nā paʻi ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala ua komo ʻo ia i nā kūkākūkā me nā poʻe ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pilikia i hāpai ʻia e nā noi palapala lehulehu.

Wā palena manawa o ka uhi ʻana a me nā hui pū ʻana:

Ke aʻo, nā kumuwaiwai hoʻoponopono; ke uhi huna nei i nā pilina ʻoihana

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua hana ʻo Kloor me kāna mau kumuwaiwai ma hope o nā hanana e hoʻolahalaha i kā lākou leka uila i ke kākoʻo ʻana i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai kumu nui: e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana i nā mea kūʻai aku makaʻala e ʻae i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. ʻO kekahi o kēia mau kumuwaiwai ʻO Kauka Kevin Folta, ke Kulanui o Florida ʻO ke polopeka ʻo Kloor ke kī nui i hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā moʻolelo āna i kākau ai no nā paʻi ʻepekema e pili ana i ka transparency.

Kūkala e hoʻohuli iā Bill Nye

I Nowemapa 2014, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kloor i kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo hoʻāʻo ʻO nā loiloi a Bill Nye e pili ana i nā GMO me kahi “Open Letter to Bill Nye from a Plant Scientist” i pūlima ʻia e Dr. Folta. Hōʻike nā leka uila ua nīnau ʻo Kloor Kauka Folta e ʻaʻa iā Nye, i hele mai me ka manaʻo o ka leka hāmama a kaʻi ʻo Dr. Folta i ka pehea e kākau ai. ʻO ia ʻo ia i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kā Biola Palapala moʻolelo moʻomeheu e hōʻalo ai i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā ʻoihana, e like me nā leka uila.

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua kāhea ʻo Kloor i kahi bio no Dr. Folta i hoʻohui pū ʻia me ka laina, "ʻAʻohe noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Monsanto." Ua noi ʻo Kauka Folta iā ia e hoʻoponopono i kēlā ʻōlelo, me ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana ua kākoʻo manawaleʻa ʻo Monsanto i kekahi o kāna mau hana hoʻolaha biotech a ua loaʻa iā ia kahi kālā noiʻi mai kahi ʻoihana biotech liʻiliʻi. Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kloor i kahi bio i hōʻalo i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā holoʻokoʻa a Kauka Folta: "Ua kākoʻo ʻia kāna noiʻi e nā pekelala a me nā keʻena mokuʻāina."

I ka leka uila ma lalo, ua hāʻawi ʻo Kloor i ke alakaʻi iā Dr. Folta e pili ana i ka kākau ʻana i ka leka iā Nye.

A puni kēlā manawa, e hoʻokele pū ana ʻo Monsanto iā Nye e hoʻololi i kona kūlana ma nā GMO, a lākou i hope ai kūleʻa i ka hana. A Malaki 2015 Hawaii Post moʻolelo e pili ana i kā Nye hoʻohuli ʻia ʻana ua koi ʻo nā loiloi a Nye i nā GMO "ua huhū nā mea ʻepekema he nui," akā pili wale i ka leka a Dr. Folta ma kā Kloor blog.

ʻIke: "ʻAʻole kā mākou kulekele e hoʻoulu i nā kumu"

Hōʻike nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2014 iā Kloor e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo leka iā Kauka Folta a me kekahi kumu, ʻo Kauka Karl Haro von Mogel, ka luna media o ka ʻO ka hui hoʻolaha GMO Biofortified. Ua noi ʻo Kloor iā lākou e loiloi i kahi ʻatikala na Carole Bartolotto, he kaukaʻai nāna i kākau koʻikoʻi e pili ana i nā GMO. Hōʻike nā leka uila i kēlā Ua hoʻoponopono ʻo Kloor i nā manaʻo a paipai i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i ka leka uila: "ʻO kaʻu ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo: e mālama i ka ʻōlelo me ke kūlike ʻole a me ka hoʻokolokolo ʻole e like me ka hiki. Ke ʻimi nei ʻoe i nā poʻe noho pā, i hoʻopau ʻia paha e ka ʻōlelo i puka mai me he lima kaumaha lā. "

Ua kau ʻo Kloor i ka loiloi Bartolotto ma kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo a wehewehe iā Dr. ʻO Folta lāua ʻo von Mogel ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema ʻelua i loaʻa ʻole ke kālā mai ka ʻoihana biotech." Ua hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ma hope, he mau pule wale nō i hala, ua ʻike ʻo Monsanto ua ʻae ʻo ia e kālā iā Dr. Folta's nā hana hoʻoikaika no GMO; a i ke kauwela i hala aku nei, ua hoʻolālā ʻo Kauka Folta e kipa aku iā Hawaii e hoʻoleʻaleʻa i nā kapu pesticide i kahi huakaʻi hoʻonohonoho a uku ʻia e kahi hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide (Kau ʻia ʻo Dr. von Mogel i kēlā mau leka uila). Hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala a Kloor ma ka Mob pūnaewele me ka ʻole o nā hoʻohou a hoʻoponopono ʻole paha.

No ka 2017 ʻO ka ʻatikala pou Huffington, Ua nīnau ka mea kākau moʻolelo Paul Thacker Mob ka mea hoʻoponopono moʻohelu ʻo Becky Lang e haʻi manaʻo ma nā leka uila ʻo Bartolotto. Ua hōʻole ʻo Lang e ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā kikoʻī, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia: ʻAʻole ia kā mākou kulekele e kōkua i nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻāʻo e hūnā i kā lākou pili ʻoihana. ” (Kloor's) Mob blog pau i loko o pau i loko o ʻApelila 2015.)

ʻO Jon Entine, pili pili Genetic Literacy Project  

ʻO nā kākau waiwai a Kloor i ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma ka pūnaewele o ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi pūnaewele hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai kēlā mau hiʻohiʻona nā ʻatikala he nui i kākau ʻia e Kloor a i ʻole e ʻōlelo ʻana i kāna hana. Hoʻokele ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project e Jon Entine, kahi mea hana PR lōʻihi loa e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā makemake ʻoihana kemika. ʻO Entine ke poʻokela o ka firm PR ESG MediaMetrics, nona nā mea kūʻai aku me Monsanto. Hoʻohana ʻo Kloor a me Entine i nā leka like a hoʻopaʻa i nā pilikia ma nā ʻano like, a ʻike ʻia he pilina pili loa, e like me nā leka uila.

I loko o kahi leka uila o Iulai 2013 i kahi hui lobby ʻoihana pesticide, ua wehewehe ʻo Entine iā Kloor ma ke ʻano he “hoa aloha maikaʻi loa naʻu"ʻO wai ka mea hiki ke kōkua i ke kālepa ʻana me kahi mea ʻē aʻe Mob blogger e kākau e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana mahiʻai ma Hawaii. Hōʻike kekahi leka uila iā Entine e hoʻohui nei iā Kloor me Rebeka Goldin ma ke Kulanui ʻo George Mason e kūkā kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka "hana ʻino iā FOIA." Hana ʻo Goldin me STATS ka mea hana mua o Entine, ua wehewehe ʻia kahi hui nūpepa ma ke ʻano he “hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia hoʻohana i nā hana paka i hana kānalua e pili ana i ka makaʻu kemika.

I loko o kahi leka uila ʻē aʻe mai ʻOkakopa 2014, ʻo Kloor wale nō ka mea kākau moʻolelo i hoʻopili ʻia i loko o kahi leka uila mai ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu mai Ketchum e pili ana i kahi hiki ke hacking hana ma nā pūnaewele ʻoihana e ka hui Anonymous. Ua hoʻouna ʻia ka leka uila e ʻO Adrianne Massey, luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻOihana ʻAnaehana Biotechnology (BIO), i kahi hui o nā ʻāpana āpau, me Entine.

"ʻAʻohe oʻu manaʻo i ke ʻano o ka hoʻouka. ʻO nā ʻāpana ʻāpana pilikino kā lākou pahuhopu wale nō, akā ʻaʻole au makemake i kekahi o ʻoukou e hōʻino ʻia ka poʻe e ʻike iā ʻoukou ma ke ʻano he poʻe kōkua ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Massey.

Kope ʻia ʻo Kloor i ka leka uila e ʻO Kauka Channapatna Prakash, he mea kōkua GMO a he wahine ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tuskegee. Hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka leka uila ʻo Jay Byrne (ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto), ʻO Val Giddings (ka pelekikena hope o ka hui kālepa biotech), Karl Haro von Mogel (luna media o Biofortified), Bruce Chassy lāua ʻo David Tribe (nā hoa hui o ka ʻO ka hui loiloi mua o Monsanto), a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe kī e paipai i nā GMO a me nā mea e kākoʻo ana no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana. ʻO Kevin Folta, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Drew Kershen, Klaus AmmannʻO Piet van der Meer a ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin.

Paipai pinepine nā mea hana ʻoihana i kā Kloor hana; ʻike i nā tweets na ʻO Robb Fraley o MonsantoʻO Jon Entine, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa CBI.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

ʻO nā ala kuhi hewa a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi a Kauka Kevin Folta

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ʻO Kevin Folta, Ph.D., ke polofesa a me ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Hortikultura Science Department ma ke Kulanui o Florida, ua hāʻawi i ka ʻike kūpono ʻole a ua komo i nā hana hoʻopunipuni i kāna mau hana e hoʻolauna i nā meaʻai me nā pesticides. ʻO kāna hoʻopiʻi hou e kūʻē iā The New York Times ka mea hope loa i ka laina lōʻihi o nā laʻana o kā Kauka Folta mau kamaʻilio hoʻopunipuni a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi.

Sued NYT no ka hōʻike ʻana i kāna pili iā Monsanto; hoopauia ka hoopii 

Ma Kepakemapa 1, 2017, ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Kauka Folta iā The New York Times a me Eric Lipton, he mea kākau nūhou ʻekolu manawa ʻo Pulitzer Prize e ʻōlelo ana ua hōʻino lākou iā ia me kahi ʻAtikala ʻaoʻao mua 2015 ua wehewehe i ka noi ʻana o Monsanto i nā kālaiʻike e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini.

Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka hoʻopiʻi a Kauka Folta ma Pepeluali 27, 2019. Ua ʻae kahi luna kānāwai pekelala i ke noi a nā mea i hoʻopiʻi ʻia no ʻōlelo hoʻoholo hope loa.

Nā palapala hoʻokolokolo:
Hoʻopiʻi i hoʻoponopono ʻia (10 / 5 / 2017)
HIT hoʻoneʻe e hoʻohemo (10 / 19 / 2017)
Lunakanawai pekelala ua hōʻole ʻia i ke noi a Kauka Folta e koi i ka ʻike, ke kāhea nei i kekahi o nā noi "lapuwale loa" a "ʻakaʻaka" (5/11/2018)
NYT lāua ʻo Eric Lipton he noi no ka hoʻokolokolo hope loa (7 / 25 / 18)
Ua hoʻoponopono ʻo Dr. Folta ke kūʻē ʻana i ka noi no ka hoʻoponopono hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo (8 / 16 / 18)
Kauoha e ʻae ana i ka noi a ka poʻe i hoʻopiʻi ʻia no ʻōlelo hoʻoholo hope loa (2 / 27 / 19)
Ua neʻe ʻo Dr. Folta i hoʻopau i ka hoʻopiʻi a ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia (4 / 9 / 2019)

ʻO ka hoʻopiʻi a Kauka Folta i koi aku ai i nā mea i hoʻopiʻi ʻia "ua kuhi hewa iā ia ma ke ʻano he uku uku no kahi o nā ʻoihana nui a kontroversial i ʻAmelika, ʻo Monsanto," a ua hana lākou pēlā i mea e "hoʻonui i kā lākou papahana 'anti GMO" ponoʻī. " Wahi a ka hoʻopiʻi a Kauka Folta, ua ʻaneʻane waha ʻole ʻo Lipton i ke kaiāulu ʻepekema mai ke aʻo ʻana i nā ʻepekema pehea e kamaʻilio ai.

Ua ʻōlelo ka hoʻopiʻi ua loaʻa ʻole iā Kauka Folta "kahi kālā" i kaupalena ʻia ʻia e Monsanto a "ʻaʻole loa i loaʻa iā ia kahi ʻano hāʻawi, a ʻaʻole i loaʻa iā ia ke kākoʻo no ia e 'kaʻapuni a puni ka ʻāina a pale i nā meaʻai i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically." , nā palapala e hōʻike ana ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto iā Dr. Folta me, i kā lākou ʻōlelo, "Kahi kālā i kaupalena ʻia i ka nui o $ 25,000 i hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia i kāu makemake e kākoʻo i kāu noiʻi a me nā papahana hoʻolaha."

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto i ke kālā i ka pane ʻana i a Noi ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao 9 mai ʻo Kauka Folta, a ua noi aku ʻo ia iā Monsanto no $ 25,000 e hoʻolako kālā i kāna "ʻekolu papa kuhikuhi" i ka "pilikia kamaʻilio biotech." ʻO nā hana i hāpai ʻia e pili ana i ka huakaʻi ʻana i kēlā me kēia mahina i kahi kulanui kūloko nui e paipai iā GMO. Hāʻawi ʻia ke kālā i kahi panakō ʻai ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o nā palapala.

Ke laʻana o Folta e kūkākūkā ana / pale ʻana i kahi huahana ʻoihana (Monsanto's Roundup)

Ua koi pū ka hoʻopiʻi a Kauka Folta (kuhi 67), “ʻO Dr. ʻAʻole kūkākūkā ʻo Folta i nā huahana ʻoihana o kēlā me kēia ʻano, aʻo ākea ʻo ia e pili ana i ka ʻenehana. ” Akā ua hōʻoia ʻo ia no ka palekana o Monsanto's RoundUp, e hele ana e inu i ka huahana "e hōʻike i ka hōʻino ʻole." Loaʻa iā ia e'ōlelo pū nō hoʻi "e hana hou ʻo ia."

i ka Sepatemaba 29, 2015 leka uila, ʻO Janine Sikes, Ke Kulanui o Florida Pelekikena Hope Pelekikena o ka Lehulehu, ua kākau ʻo ia i kekahi hoa e pili ana i ka moʻolelo ʻo NYT ʻo Lipton: "no ka moʻolelo aʻu i manaʻo ai he maikaʻi ka moʻolelo."

ʻO nā ʻōlelo mai ka NYT a me kā Eric Lipton pane i ka hoʻopiʻi a Folta, mai Iulai 2018 he noi no ka hoʻokolokolo hope loa:

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Mr. Lipton i kā ka Plaintiff mau kamaʻilio leka uila ponoʻī, i hāʻawi ʻia iā ia e UF i ka pane ʻana i kahi noi palapala lehulehu. ʻOiai paha ʻo Plaintiff, kahi ʻepekema "lehulehu" i wehewehe ʻia iā ia iho, ʻaʻole makemake ʻo ia e hui pū me nā kānaka nunui ʻoihana e like me Monsanto, ka hōʻike pololei ʻana i nā moʻolelo e hoʻopaʻa nei i kēlā mau hui ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻokumu i ke kumu no ka hoʻopiʻi hōʻino. (ʻAoʻao 1)

Ma waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe, (Folta's) palapala UF i hoʻopaʻa ʻia: (1) Nā hana a ka Plaintiff i ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi $ 25,000 “hāʻawi palena ʻole” mai Monsanto — ua haʻi aku ka Plaintif iā Monsanto ʻaʻole e pono e hōʻike ākea - e hoʻolako kālā i nā kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka ʻepekema GMO, me ke kūkākūkā ʻana o nā huahana ʻoihana; (2) Hōʻike ka Plaintiff ma mua o nā hui aupuni i makemake i nā kulekele pro-GMO; (3) ka launa pū ʻana o ka Plaintiff me ka ʻoihana, me nā kamaʻilio leka uila he nui me nā ʻelele ʻoihana e hāʻawi ana i kona mau manaʻo e pili ana i ka hoʻolālā lobbying a me ka wehewehe ʻana i kāna mau hana e haʻi aku i ka ʻepekema GMO i ka lehulehu; (4) kāna mau pou no GMOAnswers, kahi pūnaewele i kākoʻo ʻia e ka ʻoihana; a (5) nā uku huakaʻi i uku ʻia e ka ʻoihana, me nā lilo e pili ana i kāna huakaʻi i ke keʻena nui ʻo Monsanto. (ʻAoʻao 7)

ʻAʻole i koi ʻia he hui pū me Monsanto ʻoiai e hana pū ana me Monsanto  

Ua haʻi pinepine ʻo Kauka Folta i kona pili ʻole iā Monsanto. Eia naʻe ua hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila na The New York Times hoʻokumu ʻo ia i ka launa pinepine ʻana me Monsanto a me kā lākou mau pilina lehulehu e laulima i nā hana e paipai i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered.

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto a me nā mea kōkua i nā manawa papaho a me nā hana lobbying no Dr. Folta a hana pū me ia ma ka leka ʻana. I ʻAukake 2014, ua haʻi ʻo Monsanto iā Kauka Folta e loaʻa iā ia he $ 25,000 e hoʻonui i kāna mau hana hoʻolaha. Hōʻike nā pānaʻi leka uila i kahi hui like:

  • I Iulai Iulai 2014, ua hoʻomaikaʻi aku kahi luna hoʻomalu ʻo Monsanto i ka noi hāʻawi a Kauka Folta a ua noi aku ʻo ia i ʻehā mau luna ʻo Monsanto e hāʻawi i nā manaʻo e hoʻomaikaʻi ai. Ua kākau ʻo ia, “He 3 maikaʻi loa kēiard-kahi ʻaoʻao e hoʻomohala i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a mākou e nānā nei e hoʻomohala. "
  • MaʻAukake 2014, Ua pane aku ʻo Kauka Folta i ka leka ʻae no kāna hāʻawi, "Mahalo wau no kēia manawa kūpono a hoʻohiki hoʻi i ka hoʻi paʻa ʻana o ka hoʻopukapuka."
  • I ʻOkakopa 2014, Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Folta i kahi luna o Monsanto, "Ua hauʻoli wau e kau inoa ma nā mea āu e makemake ai, a i ʻole e kākau i nā mea āu e makemake ai."

He mau pule wale nō ma hope o ka hana ʻia ʻana o nā kikoʻī hāʻawi, i ʻAukake 2014, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kauka Folta ua "ʻaʻohe pili pili iā Monsanto. " Ua koi ʻo ia iā ia i loaʻa “ʻaʻohe noiʻi a i ʻole kālā kālā pilikino"Mai" Big Ag, "i loaʻa iā"ʻaʻohe pili kālā i kekahi o nā hui Big Ag e hana i nā mea transgenic, me Monsanto, "a"ʻaʻohe mea pili MON. ”

Kākoʻo Bayer

9/18 Hoʻohou: ʻO Kauka Folta aelike me ka loio loio Clifford Chance ʻo Bayer AG ka mea e lawelawe ai i kahi kākāʻōlelo i ka hālāwai hoʻolohe manaʻo ma ka uku o $ 600 i kēlā me kēia hola a hiki i 120 mau hola. ʻO kēlā mau palapala ua hoʻolaha ʻia e ka ʻO Biofortified, Inc., kahi hui hoʻolaha GMO kēlā Ua haʻi ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā pilina me Dr. Folta ma luna o kāna hoʻokō ʻole ʻana i ka hōʻike piha i ka hakakā kūpono o ka hoihoi.

11/17 Hoʻohou: Ua loaʻa iā Kauka Folta a hōʻike ʻia e loaʻa ana kālā kālā noiʻi mai Bayer AG (aia i ke kaʻina hana o ka loaʻa ʻana iā Monsanto). Wahi a a palapala i loaʻa na US Right to Know via FOIA, ua hoʻouna ʻo Bayer i kahi leka hāʻawi iā Kauka Folta ma Mei 23, 2017 no kahi kālā no 50,000 Euro (ma kahi o $ 58,000), no kāna noi e pili ana i "New Herbicide Chemistries Discovered in Functional Randomness."

Hāpai ʻia e hūnā i ke kālā a Monsanto mai ka nānā ākea

"Maopopo loa kaʻu kālā," ʻo Kauka Folta kakau iho la i kāna blog, akā kāna noi iā Monsanto e hoʻokumu kālā i kāna mau hana hoʻolaha GMO i hoʻopau ʻia me kahi paukū e aʻoaʻo ana iā Monsanto pehea e hāʻawi ai i ke kālā e pale ai i ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka lehulehu.

"Inā hāʻawi kālā pololei ʻia i ka papahana ma ke ʻano he haʻawina SHARE (kālā paʻa ʻole ʻia) ʻaʻole ia e pili i ka IDC a ʻaʻole ia i loko o kahi moʻokāki 'hakakā-hoihoi'. I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ākea ʻia nā hāʻawi SHARE. Hoʻopau kēia i ka hopohopo kūpono o ka hui kālā e hoʻohuli nei i ka leka. "

Ua hoʻouna ʻo Monsanto i ka makana $ 25,000 ma ke ʻano he haawina palena ole no Kauka Folta.

ʻAe ʻia kahi ʻoihana PR ʻoihana e kākau lima nona, a laila hōʻole

He moʻolelo ʻAukake 2015 ma Inside Higher Ed ua wehewehe ʻia nā hoʻopiʻi no ka ʻoihana PR o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻo Ketchum, i hāʻawi aku iā Kauka Folta i nā “pane kikoʻī i nā nīnau e pili ana i nā GMO” no nā pili lehulehu o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. paena, Nā pane a GMO.

Ua hōʻole ʻo Kauka Folta i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka huaʻōlelo i kākau ʻia e ka ʻuhane, e like me ka moʻolelo.

"E pili ana i nā pane kēpau, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua" huhū ʻo ia "ke loaʻa iā lākou a hoʻohana ʻole."

Ua ʻae ʻo Kauka Folta i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka huaʻōlelo i kākau ʻia e ka ʻuhane. ʻO ka Hōʻikeʻia ka New York Times i Kepakemaha 2015:

"Akā ua hana ʻo Ketchum ma mua o ka hāʻawi ʻana i nā nīnau (no nā pane GMO). I kekahi mau manawa, hāʻawi ʻia i nā pane pane a Dr. Folta, a ua aneane hoʻohana ʻo ia i ka huaʻōlelo, kahi hana āna i ʻōlelo ai i kēia manawa he hewa. "

I ka ʻOkakopa 2015 ʻO BuzzFeed moʻolelo, Ua hoʻāpono ʻo Kauka Folta i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻohana i ka huaʻōlelo i kākau ʻia e ka ʻuhane a Ketchum.

"Ua hāʻawi mai lākou iaʻu i nā pane maikaʻi loa i ʻike maka ʻia," haʻi mai ʻo Folta iaʻu. “Hoʻopiha ʻia wau i ka hana. Ua palaualelo paha ia, akā ʻaʻole au maopopo ua palaualelo ia. Ke haʻi mai kekahi, "Ua noʻonoʻo mākou e pili ana i kēia a eia ka mea i loaʻa iā mākou - aia kekahi poʻe e hana nei i ka ʻimi naʻau i loaʻa nā mea haʻi ʻōlelo e lawe i nā ʻōlelo a kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe a hōʻike iā lākou i kā lākou iho. Maikaʻi kēlā. ”

Kau ʻia ka ʻike wahaheʻe e pili ana i ke kālā kālā pesticide i ke Kulanui o Florida

I ʻOkakopa 2014, ua kau ʻo Dr. Folta ʻike kūpono ʻole e pili ana i kāna kālā ponoʻī kālā ma GMO Nā Pane. I ka nīnau ʻana, "Ehia mau kālā a nā hui biotech i hāʻawi ai i ka Hortikultural Science Department, University of Florida?" Ua pane ʻo Dr. Folta:

"ʻAʻohe 'makana.' Ma ka liʻiliʻi i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima i hala (nā mea āpau aʻu i nānā ai), ʻaʻohe hāʻawi a ʻaelike ʻimi noiʻi ma waena o ka Hortikultural Science Department ma UF a me nā hui e kūʻai aku ana i nā hua biotech ...

I loko o nā makahiki ʻelima i hala, ma ka kulanui holoʻokoʻa, aia he huina o $ 21,000 i nā hāʻawi manawaleʻa a Monsanto i hoʻokahi lālā o ke kumu i ka panhandle nāna e hoʻopaʻa nahele nāhelehele. ʻO ia no ke kulanui holoʻokoʻa. He lehulehu kā mākou mau moʻohelu, no laila hiki i kekahi ke ʻike i kēia ʻike. ”

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, hāʻawi nā ʻoihana biotech ma mua o $ 12 miliona i ke Kulanui o Florida i ka makahiki makahiki 2013/2014 wale nō, e like me nā palapala University of Florida Foundation. Kau ʻia e NYT. Ua helu ʻia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kōkua "Gula" i kēlā makahiki, ʻo ia hoʻi ua hāʻawi ka ʻoihana ma kahi o $ 1 miliona. ʻO Syngenta kahi mea hāʻawi "Diamond" me "Cumulative Giving of $ 10 Million +" ʻoiai ʻo BASF i hāʻawi ma kahi o $ 1 miliona a hāʻawi ʻo Pioneer Hi-Bred ma kahi o $ 100,000.

He 'kū' ko ke Kulanui o Florida ma luna o nā GMO 'kūlike' me Monsanto, a ʻo Kauka Folta ke kuleana o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā ia.  

Manaʻo nā alakaʻi ma ke Kulanui o Florida ʻo ke kuleana o ke kulanui e aʻo i ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā GMO a kaʻana like lākou i kahi “kū” me Monsanto, e like me ka leka uila i loaʻa e ka US Right to Know investigation.

Ua kākau ʻo David Clark, polopeka o ka biotechnology & genetics a me ka luna o ke Kulanui o Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Science Plant Innovation Program (UF / IFAS) iā Monsanto ka luna ʻo Robb Fraley ma Iulai 21, 2014:

"Ua manaʻo wau he maikaʻi a maikaʻi loa kāu kamaʻilio ʻana no ko mākou kaiāulu, a kūlike ia me ke kūlana a mākou e lawe nei i nā GMO ma ke Kulanui o Florida. Eia kekahi, mahalo no ka lawe ʻana i kekahi mau minuke e kamaʻilio pū me aʻu ma hope e pili ana pehea mākou e aʻo ai i ka 80% o ka poʻe kūʻai aku e ʻike liʻiliʻi e pili ana i ka ʻenehana.

Ma hope o koʻu hoʻi ʻana i Gainesville, ua launa wau me Dr. ʻO Kevin Folta lāua ʻo Jack Payne e pili ana i kā mākou kūkā kamaʻilio. ʻO Kevin ko mākou waha ʻōlelo i UF ma ke kumuhana GMO a ua lawe ʻo ia i ka hana e like me kā mākou e kūkā ai - ke aʻo ʻana i ka lehulehu. ʻO Jack ko mākou VP poʻokela no IFAS, a ma ka pule i hala iho nei ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo ia i kahi wikiō e hōʻike ana ma kahi o UF / IFAS e kū nei ma ka pilikia GMO: http://www.floridatrend.com/article/17361/jack-payne-of-uf-on-gmos-and-climate-change Nui loa ke aloha nui o lāua ʻelua e pili ana i kēia pilikia, a ke laulima pū nei lākou i kā lākou hana e hoʻolaha i ka ʻōlelo maikaʻi. "

I loko o ke wikiō, koi ʻo Dr. Payne, "ʻaʻohe ʻepekema e ʻaelike me kēia poʻe makaʻu iā GMO." I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, nui nā ʻepekema a me nā noiʻi i loaʻa nā hopohopo nui e pili ana i nā GMO.

Hana pū ʻia me nā hui pono ʻole ma mua o nā hanana i hoʻolilo ʻia ʻo "Biotech Literacy" i loaʻa kālā ʻia ma UF a me UC Davis

A ʻO ka hālāwai kūkā o Iune 2014 e hoʻolaha i nā GMO i kapa ʻia ʻo “ʻO Camp Campot Biotech Literacy Project”I bila ʻia ma ke ʻano he pilina ma waena o University of Florida, ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi, ʻelua mau hui i mua e hana pū me Monsanto e paipai i nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai a hōʻeha i nā loiloi ʻoihana. Ua haʻi aku kēlā mau hui ʻelua i nā ʻepekema a me nā nūpepa - pololei ʻole - ua kālā kālā ʻia nā hanana i hui ʻia e ke aupuni, ka ʻepekema a me ka ʻoihana.

I ka 2015, ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Brooke Borel hoike i ka ʻepekema kaulana:

"ʻO ka hālāwai kūkā i nīnau ʻia ua kapa ʻia ʻo Biotech Literacy Project Boot Camp. Ua kono ʻia wau e hele a ʻōlelo ma kekahi panela, ʻoiai ʻaʻole maopopo leʻa i ka mea e pili ana. Hāʻawi ʻia mai iaʻu kahi $ 2,000 hoʻohanohano, a me nā lilo. Ua kākau wau i hope a nīnau i ka mea e hāʻawi i ka honorarium a haʻi ʻia wau he hui kālā ia mai UC Davis, USDA, kālā mokuʻāina, a me ka ʻOihana ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO). "

i ka 2016 leka uila i nā ʻepekema, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bruce Chassy o Academics Review ʻoihana he "kākoʻo kūloko" ia o nā Biotech Literacy Project Boot Camps:

"Kūleʻa ka bootcamp 3 mau lā mai ka uku ʻana i kā mākou huakaʻi a me kahi hoʻokipa a me honoraria. Loaʻa nā mea komo i $ 250 a me nā mea hoʻolaha e like me $ 2,500 (ʻaʻole uku nā mea nūpepa)… Pono wau e akāka i mua e pili ana kā mākou kākoʻo mai BIO, USDA, state-USAID a me kekahi kālā hoʻokumu, no laila ʻo ka ʻoihana ke kākoʻo. 100% mōakāka e pili ana i ke kākoʻo. ”

Eia nō naʻe, ua hōʻole kēlā mau aupuni a me nā kumuwaiwai kula i ka hāʻawi ʻole ʻana i kekahi kālā i ka ʻO Biotech Literacy Project Boot Camps, e like me ka hōʻike a Paul Thacker i ʻO ka holomua. Ua kākau ʻo Thacker, "ʻo ke kumu kālā wale nō e hiki ke huli ʻia, ʻo ia ka ʻoihana biotech."

He moʻolelo ko nā Academics Review a me ka Genetic Literacy Project e kuhi hewa nei i ka lehulehu e pili ana i kā lākou kālā a me nā hana e pale aku ai i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

  • Ua koi ʻia ka loiloi Academics he mau hui kūʻokoʻa i nā manawa he nui, akā ua loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know hoike ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia kēlā loiloi Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto, ʻoiai "e mālama ana iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike."
  • ʻO ka palapala "transparency financial" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project pololei ʻole, hoʻololi pinepine a ua kūʻē ʻia i kekahi manawa. ʻO kā GLP alakaʻi ʻo Jon Entine nā pili pili he nui iā Monsanto.

Ua hoʻonohonoho pū ʻo Kauka Folta i ka mea āna i kapa ai he "ka lā heluhelu a me ka launaʻike biotechnology"E hoʻolaulaha i nā GMO ma ke Kulanui o Florida ma 2015. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia me nā loea UF, ka limahana o Monsanto ʻo Vance Crowe, nā lunamakaʻāinana o nā hui wili i hoʻopili ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai (ʻo Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono a Biofortified), A ʻO Tamar Haspel, kahi mea kākau meaʻai no ka Washington Post.

Ua wehewehe ʻo Kauka Folta i kāna mau hoʻolālā i ka ua hoʻouna ʻo ia iā Monsanto e ʻimi kālā ana no nā hanana āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hopena i ka pilikia pili kamaʻilio biotech" i hopena ʻia mai ka "kāohi ʻana i ka ʻike lehulehu" a me kā lākou "hoʻoikaika ikaika ʻana i nā hana lepili ʻai pono ʻole a pono ʻole." I nā leka uila ua hoʻouna ʻo ia iā Haspel, Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kauka Folta ʻo ka poʻe e hoʻolohe ana i ka hanana "biotechnology literacy" e lilo i "ʻepekema, kauka a me nā loea ʻē aʻe e pono e aʻo pehea e kamaʻilio ai i ka lehulehu."

Ua wehewehe ʻia ka neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai ma ke ʻano he “ʻaoʻao hoʻoweliweli”

Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Folta i mua no kahi puke 2015 i kapa ʻia ʻo “Fear Babe: Shattering Vani Hari's Glass House.” Ua wehewehe ka mea i mua i ka neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai ma ke ʻano he poʻe hoʻoweliweli, kahi a Folta i kapa ai ʻo "Al Quesadilla":

"ʻO Al Quesadilla kahi moniker i hāʻawi ʻia i kahi elite o kēia ao a ua hoʻohiki maikaʻi ʻia ka poʻe hoʻoweliweli e hoʻohana i ka makaʻu e koi i ka hoʻololi politika e pili ana i ka meaʻai. He misiona nui kā Al Quesadilla - e hoʻokau i ko lākou mau manaʻoʻiʻo e pili ana i ka meaʻai a me ka hana meaʻai i ka kaiāulu ākea. He haipule ko lākou mau manaʻoʻiʻo. Pili hohonu lākou a komo i loko. Hoʻokumu ʻia ko lākou mau manaʻoʻiʻo i ka wehewehe hewa o ke kūlohelohe, kahi hilinaʻi ʻole o ka moʻomeheu ʻoihana a me kahi skepticism o ka ʻepekema hou…

ʻO Al Quesadilla kahi hui terrorist agile a sneaky. E like me nā mea hoʻoweliweli āpau, loaʻa lākou i kā lākou mau pahuhopu ma o ka hoʻokō ʻana i ka makaʻu a me ka hoʻokau. Hoʻolālā lākou i nā hahau akahele ʻana i nā pahuhopu nāwaliwali - nā mea kūʻai aku ʻAmelika ... ”

ʻO ka puke, i paʻi ʻia e Paipalapala ʻo Senapath, na Mark Alsip i kākau, he mea kākau blog no Bad Science Debunked, ʻo Marc Draco, he "lālā kūpuna" o ka ʻaoʻao Facebook ʻo Bohib by Food Babe, a ʻo Kavin Senapathy, he mea kōkua i ka Forbes i loaʻa kekahi o kāna mau ʻatikala. holoi ʻia e Forbes.

Paipai ka puke i nā GMO, koi ʻo MSG a aspartame "harmless" a manaʻo ʻia e wehewehe "i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo ma hope o kēlā mau pesticide scares."

Hoʻolaha pesticide

Hoʻokuʻu ʻo Kauka Folta i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka hōʻike pesticide me nā hoʻopiʻi propaganda, ʻaʻole ʻepekema. ʻO kahi laʻana, ua hana ʻo ia a ʻaʻole i hoʻoponopono i kāna malihini kipa ma nā ʻōlelo kanalua e pili ana i ka palekana o nā pesticides i kēia 2015 ninaninau podcast me Yvette dʻEntremont, ka “SciBabe.” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Folta:

  • Inā hopohopo kekahi e pili ana i nā hōʻike pesticide, "e nīnau iā lākou inā he hōʻailona ko lākou no ka lāʻau pesticide. Inā ʻaʻole lākou he ʻōuli o ka lāʻau make pesticide, ʻaʻohe paha mea e hopohopo ai. ”
  • "ʻO kou makaʻu mai kekahi ʻano, keu hoʻi, hōʻike pesticide mai ka ʻai ʻana aia paha ma waena o 10,000 a me miliona mau manawa ma lalo o kahi ulia kaʻa."

Nā hana kūkā kamaʻilio hoʻopunipuni

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ke kamaʻilio kuhi hewa e pili ana me Dr. Folta i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i kahi 2015 Moʻolelo BuzzFeed na Brooke Borel. Hōʻike ka moʻolelo i kā Borel ʻike ʻana ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Folta i kahi ʻike wahaheʻe e nīnauele i nā ʻepekema a ʻo ia iho hoʻi ma kahi podcast i kapa ʻia ʻo "The Vern Blazek Science Power Hour."

No ka heluhelu hou ʻana:

New York Times, "Nā ʻenehana i komo i loko o GMO Lobbying War, Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila," na Eric Lipton (9/6/2015)

Nā leka uila i kau ʻia e The New York Times

ʻO ka holomua, "Flacking for GMOs: Pehea e ulu ai ka ʻoihana Biotech i nā pāpaho maikaʻi," na Paul Thacker (7/21/2017)

Huffington Post, "Keith Kloor's Enduring Love Affair with GMOs," na Paul Thacker (7/19/2017)

Nā Nūhou Global, "Hōʻike nā palapala i ka pahuhopu ʻōpio Kanada o Lobby GMO," na Allison Vuchnich (12/22/2015)

ʻO Biotechnology Kūlohelohe, "Ke kū nei i Transparency," na Stacy Malkan (1/2016)

ʻO Mother Jones, "Hōʻike kēia mau leka uila iā Monsanto e hilinaʻi nei i nā polopeka e hakakā i ke kaua GMO," na Tom Philpott (10/2/2015)

BuzzFeed, "Dala hua: nā haʻi a kahi GMO Defender," na Brooke Borel (10/19/2015)

ʻO USRTK Hōʻike Pōkole, "ʻAʻole hiki i ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo ke hōʻike i ke kālā kālā mai Monsanto"

Nūhou ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa, "Nā Puppetmasters o Academia (a he aha ka NYT i haʻalele ai)," na Jonathan Latham (9/8/2015)

USRTK leka iā Kauka Folta e pili ana i kā mākou FOIA noi

AgBioChatter: Kahi mau ʻoihana, Hoʻolālā Kālā Hoʻolālā i nā GMO, Pesticides

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ʻO AgBioChatter kahi papa inoa leka uila pilikino i hoʻohana ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kāna mau mea kōkua e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. ʻO nā lālā papa inoa e pili ana i nā ʻenehana ʻoihana pro-ʻoihana, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe a me nā mea lawelawe i ka lehulehu.

keia palapala Monsanto kūloko kuhikuhi "Academics (AgBioChatter)" ma ke ʻano he Tier 2 "hoa hana" ma ka papahana pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hōʻino i ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻokani pū kekahi mau kula ʻo AgBioChatter i nā kuleana nui i nā hui ʻē aʻe ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia i ka PR PR a Monsanto e hōʻino i ka hōʻike IARC carcinogenicity, me Nā Pane GMO, Biofortified, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, Nānā ʻImi a ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema.

Ka Ike: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

ʻO nā leka uila AgBioChatter i hoʻopili ʻia ma lalo - me nā palapala ʻē aʻe i loaʻa na US Pono e ʻike a ua hoʻokipa ʻia ma UCSF Pūnaewele ʻImiʻImi Mea Hana - hāʻawi i nā laʻana he nui e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana o nā pūʻulu ʻepekema a me nā hui ʻoihana i nā ala huna e kāpae i ka leka uila ʻana o ka ʻoihana ma waena o nā paepae like ʻole e hana i ka kānalua e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā pilikia o ka pesticides a me GMO

Nā wahi pāpāho a puni ka honua ua hōʻike e pili ana i kēia mau hana ma hope o ke kahua e paipai i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema a kūʻē i nā kānāwai.

Pono ʻo US e ʻike i nā hana no ka transparency

Ua loaʻa iā US Right to Know kekahi mau leka uila AgBioChatter ma 2016 a me 2017 ma o kahi noi palapala lehulehu. I Iulai 2017, kuleana o US e ʻike hoʻopiʻi ʻia ke Kulanui o Florida no kāna hana ʻole e hoʻokuʻu i nā moʻolelo lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu, e like me nā palapala mai ka AgBioChatter forum.

Ma Malaki 2018, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia kahi luna kānāwai o Florida i kēia hihia, e ʻōlelo ana ʻo nā leka uila ʻo AgBioChatter "he hana pilikino pilikino i hānau ʻia mai (Kevin Folta) ponoʻī ponoʻī" ʻaʻole ka ʻoihana kulanui lehulehu. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike i ka ke alo o nā palapala.

Pākuʻi paʻi pili

  • ʻO ke keʻena o ka Press Foundation, "Pehea e hoʻopau ai nā ʻoihana i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu e pili ana iā lākou iho," na Camille Fassett (2/27/18)
  • Ka hua'ōlelo New York Times, "ʻOihana ʻĀina i Kākau ʻia i nā Haumāna i ke kaua inoa inoa ʻana o GMO, Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila," na Eric Lipton; a waihona leka uila, "Hana pū kekahi polofesa Florida me ka ʻOihana Biotech" (9/5/2015)
  • Hoʻololi hou, "Ke hele nei kekahi mea iʻa ma waena o ke Kulanui o Florida a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai? He kuleana ko nā mea kūʻai aku e ʻike, ”na Daniel Ross, Alternet (2/13/18)

ʻAoʻao papa inoa AgBioChatter

ka Loaʻa nā leka uila AgBioChatter ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu o ka mokuʻāina (142 ʻaoʻao) hōʻike i nā limahana ʻoihana a me nā limahana ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e hoʻohui i nā manaʻo e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO, hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, hoʻohaʻahaʻa i nā loiloi ʻoihana, a me ka pale ʻana i nā noi Freedom of Information Act no ka ʻikepili e pili ana i nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu.

ʻO kahi poʻomanaʻo nui o nā leka uila (a me ke kuleana o ka lālā papa inoa ʻo Jay Byrne, he alakaʻi mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto) e ʻike i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā manawa kūpono e hoʻouka iā lākou. ʻO Mehmet Oz kekahi, Vandana Shiva, Don Huber, Consumers Union a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

ʻO kekahi kumuhana ʻē aʻe i loko o nā leka uila AgBioChatter ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻopaʻa i nā noiʻi ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia o nā GMO a me nā pesticides ma ke ʻano he "agenda-driven," ʻoiai nā noiʻi e hōʻike maikaʻi nei e pili ana i nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai he "ʻepekema pro."

ʻOihana, ʻoihana hana pū kekahi 

Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa i kēia lā ma o nā noi moʻohelu lehulehu, nā kālaiʻike, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā mea kūkākūkā a me nā mea lawelawe PR i komo i ka papa inoa ʻo "Chatter".

ʻO nā mea i ʻike ʻia e helu ʻia ma lalo nei me kā lākou pili i kekahi Nā pūʻulu "hoa hana" inoa i loko o ka PR PR a Monsanto e hoʻokani i kahi ʻūlā kūʻē i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC. No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i kēia mau pūʻulu, e ʻike i kā mākou pepa pono:

Hoʻomaopopo pū ʻia ma lalo nā pilina i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui mua e loaʻa kālā kālā i paipai i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema a hoʻouka i nā loiloi.

Hāʻawi nā loulou i ka waihona Genetic Literacy Project i kahi ʻano o ka leka maʻamau, hoʻohana pinepine ʻia e kēia mau pūʻulu mua a me nā kālaiʻike e paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā loiloi, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa no ka hana hewa a kūʻē i nā hana transparency.

Nā lālā papa inoa ʻo AgBioChatter 

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu e hōʻike ana aia nā poʻe aʻe ma ka papa inoa AgBioChatter e like me nā lā i nā leka uila.

Andrew Apel, ʻoihana ahupuaʻa kākāʻōlelo a me ka hoʻoponopono mua o ka nūhou ʻoihana biotech ʻo AgBiotech Reporter

ʻO Graham Brooks, ʻO ka Economist Economist, ʻo PG Economics Ltd, UK

ʻO Jay Byrne, ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto; pelekikena o v-Fluence Kūkaʻina ʻoihana pili lehulehu

Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, ʻO Professor Emeritus o ka palekana palekana a me nā ʻepekema Nutritional, Ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign

ʻO Jon Entine, Luna Hoʻokele o Genetic Literacy Project, Monsanto "hoa hana"

Kevin Folta, PhD, ʻO Polofesa a me Lunahoʻomalu, ʻOihana ʻepekema Hortikultural, University of Florida

ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, ʻoihana aʻoaʻo, ʻo VP mua o ka hui ʻoihana BIO

  • ʻ Seniorpio makua ma Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (kālā ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau, uea ʻole a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai)
  • Kōkua i ke kūkulu ʻana i ka Manaʻo ʻImiʻike e like me he hui mua o Monsanto
  • Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic Archives

ʻO Andy Hedgecock, ʻO DuPont Pioneer ka luna mua o nā hana ʻepekema

ʻO Drew Kershen, PhD, Emeritus Professor, Kulanui o Oklahoma, Kulanui o ke Kānāwai

ʻO Marcel Kuntz, PhD, luna noiʻi ma CNRS, Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire Végétale, Grenoble, Palani 

  • Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic Archives 

ʻO Chris Leaver, PhD, ʻO Emeritus Professor of Plant Science, Kulanui o Oxford

Adrienne Massey, PhD, ʻOihana ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO), ka luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻepekema a me nā kuleana hoʻoponopono

ʻO Robert McGregor, Luna Hoʻokele Kālā, ʻO Prince Edward ʻAilana, Kanada

ʻO Alan McHughen, PhD, Ke Kulanui o Kaleponi Kaleponi

ʻO Henry Miller, MD, hoa ma Hoover Institution, ke keʻena biotechnology o ka FDA ma mua

ʻO Vivian Moses, PhD, ʻO Diabetes a me Nutritional Science Division, King's College London

Piero Morandini, PhD, mea kōkua noiʻi, Kulanui o Milana

Wayne Parrott, PhD, ʻO Polofesa, Crop Breeding and Genetics, Kulanui o Georgia

CS Prakash, PhD, Polofesa, Plant Genetics, Genomics a me Biotechnology College o nā mahi mahiʻai, nā hana kaiapuni a me nā meaʻai, Tuskegee University

ʻO Cami Ryan, PhD, ʻO Monsanto, alakaʻi ʻepekema ʻepekema, kulekele hoʻoponopono a me nā hana ʻepekema ma Kanada

ʻO Eric Sachs, PhD, ʻO Monsanto, alakaʻi kaiapuni, pili kaiāulu a me ka hoʻokele waiwai

  • Nā Pane GMO Profile
  • Kōkua kau ʻia Nānā ʻImi ma ke ʻano he hui mua e hoʻouka i nā loiloi

ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, ʻO nā Genetics Animal a me Biotechnology Cooperative Extension Specialist, Ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Davis

Karl Haro von Mogel, PhD, ʻO Biofortified alakaʻi o ka ʻepekema a me ka media   

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana a me nā kālaiʻike e pili ana i nā pilikia meaʻai, e nānā mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa iā US kuleana e ʻike i nā palapala i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika i mālama ʻia e ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Kapalakiko.

ʻO Biofortified Aids Chemical ʻoihana PR & Nā Hana Lobbying

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ʻO Biology Fortified Inc., i kapa ʻia ʻo “Biofortified, "He hui nonprofit e hana pū me ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me nā mea kōkua i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying e pale aku i nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻia me nā genetically, a hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā a me nā mea nūpepa nā mea pili i nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui

ʻO nā lālā o ka papa a me nā mea kākau blog i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma Biofortified'shui i kā mākou poʻe loea”Pili ʻaoʻao i ka pili pili i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā ʻoihana o mua o ka ʻoihana.

Eia nā laʻana o ka lobbying i hoʻopili ʻia i ka ʻoihana a me nā hana pili i ka lehulehu e pili ana iā Biofortified a me kāna mau alakaʻi.

Pale aku ka poʻe ʻōpio "Biofortified" i nā pesticides

I ka makahiki 2013, ʻo ka Hui Hoʻonui ʻIa o Hawaiʻi Crop (HCIA) - kahi hui kālepa ʻeleu Ua hoʻolālā ʻo DowDuPont, Monsanto a me nā Hartung Brothers - i kahi huakaʻi ʻoluʻolu i Kauai no nā mea kōkua ʻoihana e kūʻē i kahi ʻaha kaiāulu e hoʻomaikaʻi ai. hōʻikeʻike lehulehu o ka hoʻohana pesticide a koi ʻia i nā ʻāpana buffer pesticide a puni nā kula, nā haukapila a me nā wahi lehulehu. Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know, ua kuhikuhi aku ka luna hoʻomalu o ka HCIA i nā mea kākoʻo ʻehā i kono ʻia i ka huakaʻi hele e like me ke keikikāne "Biofortified." ʻO lākou:

Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻo Renee Kester, ka mea alakaʻi i ka papahana lobby HCIA, i leka uila i nā kāne ʻehā ma Iulai 11, 2013 (ʻaoʻao 10) e hoʻomaikaʻi aku iā lākou "no nā kākoʻo āu i hāʻawi mai ai iā mākou ma aneʻi ma Hawaii e pili ana i kā mākou kaua kaua ʻahaʻōlelo hou" a e hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea e kūkākūkā i kā lākou loaʻa e hele i kahi hālāwai hoʻolohe kānāwai. ʻO Alicia Muluafiti, ka luna hoʻokō o HCIA, a laila leka uila i ka hui (palapala 9) e pili ana i ka pono o ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā hoʻolālā pōkole a me nā wā lōʻihi “e hoʻohana ana i nā keiki kāne Biofortified”:

More 'ikepili:

  • New York Times, "Hana pū kahi polofesa Florida me ka ʻOihana Biotech: He huakaʻi i Hawaii e hōʻike ai, uku ʻia e ka ʻoihana" (ʻaoʻao 23) (9/5/2015)
  • Nānā GM, "Pehea ka pale ʻana o ke Keikikāne Biofortified 'i nā mea huna a nā ʻoihana pesticide ma Hawaii" (9/27/2015)

Palapala ʻia ʻo Biofortified ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma Monsanto PR doc  

keia palapala Monsanto kūloko ʻike iā Biofortified ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e pale aku i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo kahi ʻaoʻao loea IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e lilo carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Ua ʻike ʻia ka palapala PR Monsanto PR ʻehā papa o nā hoa hana ua hoʻolālā ka ʻoihana e komo i kāna "papa hoʻomākaukau" no ka IARC cancer report. Ua helu ʻia ʻo Biofortified ma “Tier 2,” me Nānā Hou ʻO AgBioChatter kālaiʻike, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. Kuhi pinepine ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai kūʻokoʻa, akā e like me ka manaʻo a ka Monsanto plan a me nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe, hana lākou ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e pale i nā pono ʻoihana. (Hoʻohou: Ma ʻOkakopa 2018, Biofortified kau ʻia a olelo mai Monsanto e ʻōlelo nei ʻaʻole kālā a hui pū paha ka ʻoihana me lākou.)

Kūpono ka transparency a me ka mokuʻāina FOIA i nā noi

Kākoʻo ʻia ʻo Biofortified, me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, he Palapala noi no Malaki 2015 ke kūʻē nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka State Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) i nā noi e nānā i nā loulou ma waena o nā mea ʻimi kālā i hoʻolaha kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila i loaʻa iā US Kuleana e ʻike ai ma o kā FOIA mokuʻāina noi mau laʻana he nui o nā kālaiʻike e hana nei i nā ala hūnā me nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me kā lākou ʻoihana PR e kōkua i ka papa hana lobbying a me nā leka uila ʻoihana - e laʻa me ka palapala e wehewehe nei i nā kumu o ka hōʻike mua o ka Academics, a me nā mea i kūkākūkā e pili ana i nā "keiki kāne biofortified" huakaʻi huakaʻi i Hawaii. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know i kēia manawa i kau ʻia ma ka UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Library, USRTK Hōʻiliʻili Agrichemical. Ua hoʻokumu nā palapala i ka honua holoʻokoʻa hoʻolaha pūnaewele e pili ana i ka transparency i ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā pilikia o ke olakino a me nā kaiapuni o nā pesticides a me GMO.

ʻO nā hoʻouka kaua kūlike a Biofortified i ka poʻe loiloi

ʻO kahi pēpē hū e pani ana i ka palaoa GMO ʻo Frank N. Foode ka mascot o Biofortified.

ʻO ka lālā hoʻokumu hoʻokumu biofortified ʻo David Tribe i hoʻokumu pū ʻia Nānā ʻImi, kahi hui mua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā poʻe loiloi ʻoihana, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know. I hoʻokahi leka uila, ʻO Jay Byrne, kahi luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto, ua kūkākūkā i kahi papa inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e kūkulu nei no Monsanto.

Malaki e kūʻē nei i nā kaʻao e pili ana i ka Hoʻololi (ʻO MAMyths), kahi papahana o Biofortified, i kuhi ʻia kekahi o nā hui a me nā kānaka i kapa ʻia ma ka papa inoa o Byrne - no ka laʻana, ua komo ka hui i kahi kūʻē iā Vandana Shiva a ua alakaʻi ʻia a hoʻāʻo ʻole e kāpae kahi hanana e hōʻike nei iā Vani Hari, ka "Food Babe," i kākoʻo ʻia e ka Center for Food Safe.

ʻO MAMyths co-hoʻokumu Kavin Senapathy he mau ʻatikala holoi ʻia e Forbes ma hope o ka Hōʻike ʻo New York Times ʻO kāna mea kākau, ʻo Henry Miller, i paʻi i kahi kolamu i Forbes i kākau ʻia e Ghostanto. Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Miller ma ke ʻano he hoa ma ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hoʻouka i ka IARC cancer panel.

ʻO Senapathy ka mea kākau inoa o 2015 buke e pili ana iā Hari, "The Fear Babe," e hōʻike nei i mua i kākau ʻia e ka lālā o ka papa Biofortified ʻo Kevin Folta, kahi e wehewehe ai i ka neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai ma ke ʻano he "pūʻulu hoʻoweliweli maikaʻi".

ʻO Senapathy lāua ʻo Haro von Mogel e ʻike ʻia ma ka Kiʻi paʻi hoʻolaha GMO Hoʻolālā Meaʻai.

Nā hana pili

GENERA Pūnaeweleʻikepili he papa inoa o nā noiʻi e "hōʻike i ka poʻe i ka nui o ka noiʻi i mālama ʻia ma nā mea kanu ʻenekini," e like me ka NPP ma ka pūnaewele Biofortified. Ua hoʻomaka mua ʻia ka papa inoa e David Tribe, ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu pū ka ʻO ka hui loiloi mua o Monsanto. Hoʻolaha mua no GENERA hoʻopiʻi kuhi hewa e hōʻike iā "ʻoi aku ma mua o 600 nā hōʻike i nānā ʻia e nā hoa ʻepekema i nā palapala ʻepekema e palapala ana i ka palekana āpau a me ke olakino olakino o nā meaʻai GM a me nā hānai." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hapa nui o kēlā mau noiʻi i nā pilikia palekana. Ua kāpae ʻia ka ʻōlelo hoʻolaha kūpono ʻole, a ma kahi o ka hapakolu o nā haʻawina.

Nānā Hou: ʻO ka hana ʻana i kahi hui ʻo Monsanto Front

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Nānā ʻImi, kahi hui 501 (c) nonprofit nonprofit i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 3, koi ʻia he hui kūʻokoʻa akā ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know he hui mua ia i hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o Monsanto a me kāna hui pili lehulehu e hoʻouka i ka mahiʻai. ʻo nā loiloi ʻoihana ʻoiai e kūʻokoʻa ana.

e pili pū ana: Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, Ua kapa ʻo Monsanto i kāna mau “ʻoihana ʻoihana, " Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project
"Ua loaʻa ʻo Monsanto Fingerprints i nā hoʻouka kaua āpau ma nā meaʻai meaola, ”Na Stacy Malkan, Huffington Post (2016)

ʻOihana kālā Covert Covert 

ʻO ka pūnaewele Review Review ho'ākāka i nā mea hoʻokumu iā "ʻElua polofesa kūʻokoʻa," Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign, a me David Tribe, PhD, haʻi ʻōlelo ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne, Australia. E like me Mei 2018, ka pūnaewele kuleana, "ʻAe wale ka loiloi Academics i nā makana palena ʻole ʻia mai nā kumu ʻoihana ʻole e kākoʻo i kā mākou hana."

Eia nō naʻe, hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau i ka mea leʻaleʻa mua o ka Hoʻomaopopo Hou ʻana ʻo ia ka ʻaha kūkāʻike no ka ʻikepili ʻo Biotechnology, kahi hui kalepa ʻo ia kālā a holo ʻia e nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa nui loa: BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont, Monsanto a me Syngenta.

Wahi a nā moʻolelo ʻauhau CBI, ua hāʻawi ka pūʻulu kālā i hoʻolako ʻia i ka Academics Review he $ 650,000 i ka 2014 a 2015-2016. Hōʻike ʻauhau ʻauhau no AcademicsReview.org i nā lilo o $ 791,064 mai ka 2013-2016 (ʻike 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016). Hoʻolilo ʻia ke kālā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i nā ʻaha kūkā a paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau.

ʻO Kauka Chassy kekahi mau makahiki e loaʻa kālā ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto ma o kāna kulanui. ʻIke, “No ke aha i pono ʻole ai i kahi Kulanui o Ilinoi e hōʻike i kāna kālā GMO?”Na Monica Eng, WBEZ (Malaki 2016)

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ke kumu huna o ka hui mua o ka ʻike

Loaʻa nā leka uila e Pono ʻo US e ʻike ma o ka noi ʻana a ka mokuʻāina Freedom of information i hōʻike ʻia i ka hana o loko o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he hui mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto, nā mea kōkua PR a me nā kālā kālā ʻoihana. Nā ʻike nui a me nā leka uila:

  • E like me ka 11 Malaki 2010 kaulahao leka uila, Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka loiloi Academics me ke kōkua o nā luna ʻo Monsanto me ʻO Jay Byrne, Ko Monsanto luna mua o nā ʻoihana hui; a ʻO Val Giddings, VP mua o ka ʻoihana biotech hui kālepa BIO, ma ke ʻano he paepae e hoʻouka i nā poʻe loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Eric Sachs, he luna pili lehulehu ma Monsanto, e kōkua ʻo ia i ka loaʻa kālā ʻana o ka ʻenehana no ka Academics Review. "E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," ua kākau ʻo Sachs iā Chassy ma Nowemapa 30, 2010.
  • Ua hoʻohālikelike ʻo Byrne i ka manaʻo e like me ka like - akā ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o - kahi hui mua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Rick Berman, kahi lobbyist i kapa ʻia ʻo "Kauka ʻino»A ka "Mōʻī o nā hui mua ʻoihana a me nā hoʻolaha"No kāna hana e paipai i nā pono ʻoihana paka a me ka aila ma lalo o ka uhi o nā hui kū leo ʻole. ʻO Berman's "'Center for Consumer Freedom' (ActivistCash.com) i hāʻawi aku i kēia i ka hopena loa; a ke manaʻo nei wau he manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe kā mākou, "kākau ʻo Byrne iā Chassy ma March 11, 2010.
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne e hoʻomōhala ana ʻo ia i "Papa inoa kūpono me nā pahuhopu" no Monsanto i loko o "nā hui pilikino, nā ʻikepili a me nā kumuhana kumuhana" i koʻikoʻi no ag-biotech e "manaʻo kālā no kahi hui o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi."
  • Ua hōʻike ʻo Chassy ua makemake nui ʻo ia e hele ma hope o ka ʻoihana ʻokanika. "Makemake au e loaʻa kahi inoa poʻokela ma waena o ke aura ʻokanika e hoʻomaka ai nā missiles ballistic," ua kākauʻo ia ma Malaki 2010. I ka 2014, hoʻouka kaua ʻo Academics Review i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika me a Hoike wahahee ka hana a nā kālaihana kūʻokoʻa me ka hakakā ʻole o ka hoihoi.

Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR i ka inoa ʻo Review Academics ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana". 

ʻO ka loiloi ʻĀkekema he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" e like me ka pilikino Palapala Monsanto PR e wehewehe nei i nā hoʻolālā a ka ʻoihana e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi kanesa o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, hoʻolaha ʻo IARC ua loaʻa hoʻolaha ʻia glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "Carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka."

ʻO ka papa inoa palapala Monsanto PR ʻehā papa o nā hoa hana e komo i kāna hana e pili ana i ka lehulehu e hōʻino i ka hōʻike a ka panel cancer. Ua helu ʻia ʻo Review Academics ma ke ʻano he Tier 2 "hoa hana" me Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, Biofortified, A me ka ʻO AgBioChatter kālaiʻike papa inoa lawelawe.

ʻO kahi loiloi Academics Haawina i kākau ʻia ma Malaki 25, 2015 i koi ʻia ʻo "IARC glyphosate cancer cancer review failed on many front." Pili ka ʻatikala i ka ʻoihana i uku kālā ʻia Nā Pane GMO, ka hui mua ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a kahi ʻatikala Forbes na Henry Miller ʻo ia kau ʻia e Monsanto.

ʻO ka pilina o Bruce Chassy i ka ʻoihana a me nā hui mua

ʻO Professor Bruce Chassy, ​​ka mea hui pū o Academics Review a me ka pelekikena o ka papa, i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ka pāpāho ma ke ʻano he loea kūʻokoʻa ma GMO, ʻoiai ʻo ia e loaʻa ana nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto.

Ua loaʻa iā Chassy $ 57,000 i nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma kahi o ʻelua mau makahiki mai Monsanto e huakaʻi, kākau a kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā GMO, e like me WBEZ. Ua hōʻike ʻia ka moʻolelo i hoʻouna aku ʻo Monsanto ma kahi o $ 5.1 miliona ma o ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Foundation i nā limahana o ke kulanui a me nā papahana ma waena o 2005 a 2015.

ʻO Chassy ma ka "Papa ʻEpekema ʻepekema a me nā Kūkā aʻoaʻo" o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui mua i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e Monsanto a me nā hui ʻē aʻe nāna ka huahana i pale aku. ʻO Chassy kekahi “ke kūkā kūʻokoʻa"No Nā Pane GMO, kahi pūnaewele kālepa no GMO a me nā pesticides i kālā kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Nā ʻatikala e pili ana i ka pili ʻoihana ʻo Bruce Chassy:

  • New York Times, "Nā ʻenehana i komo i loko o GMO Lobbying War, Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila," na Eric Lipton (9/5/2015)
  • Waihona leka uila o New York Times, "He Kulanui o Ilinoi Kumu Hoʻohui i ka hakakā," (9/5/2015)
  • WBEZ, "No ke aha i pono ʻole ai i kahi Polofesa ʻo Illinois e hōʻike i ke kālā GMO," na Monica Eng (3/15/2016)
  • ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, "Ke ukali nei i kahi ala leka uila: Pehea kahi Polokalamu Kulanui o ke Kulanui i laulima ai ma kahi Campaign PR Corporate," na Carey Gillam (1/29/2016)

ʻO David Tribe / Review Academics / Biofortified

ʻO David Tribe ka mea hui pū o ka Academics Review, hope pelekikena o ka Papa Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha, a he loiloi ma ka hōʻike hōʻike 2014 Academics Review e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ola. He lālā ʻo Tribe kekahi o ka papa hoʻokele o ʻO Biology Fortified Inc., a i ʻole Biofortified, kahi hui kōkua ʻole e kōkua i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai me ka lobbying a me nā pilina lehulehu.

ʻO nā papahana Boot Camps Biotech i hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana: hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻolaha i nā GMO 

ʻO ka Biotech Literacy Project boot camps kahi mau ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka Academics Review a Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, kekahi pūʻulu mua pili like kēlā me Monsanto ma nā papahana pili lehulehu ʻoiai e koi ana he kūʻokoʻa. Ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kahua hoʻomoana i nā ʻepekema a me nā nūpepa pehea hoʻolaha i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, a loaʻa i nā pahuhopu koʻikoʻi e kāpae i ka lepili GMO a kākoʻo i ka hae kākoʻo no nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua ʻōlelo wahaheʻe nā luna hoʻomoana Boot i nā mea nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema i ke kālā no nā Biotech Literacy Project boot camps i hele mai ke aupuni a me nā kumuwaiwai kumuwaiwai, a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, akā ʻo ke kumuwaiwai loaʻa wale nō i hiki ke loaʻa ʻia mai nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a hōʻole nā ​​kumuwaiwai ʻoihana ʻole i ke kālā hanana, Paul Thacker hōʻike i ʻO ka holomua.

"Hāʻawi ʻia mai iaʻu kahi $ 2,000 hoʻohanohano, a me nā lilo. Ua kākau wau i hope a nīnau i ka mea e hāʻawi i ka honorarium a haʻi ʻia wau he hui kālā ia mai UC Davis, USDA, kālā mokuʻāina, a me ka ʻOihana ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO). " (Mea kākau moʻolelo Brooke Borel, ʻEpekema Kaulana)

"Pono wau e akāka i mua e pili ana kā mākou kākoʻo mai BIO, USDA, mokuʻāina-USAID a me kekahi kālā hoʻokumu no laila ʻo ka ʻoihana ke kākoʻo. 100% mōakāka e pili ana i ke kākoʻo. ” (ka mea hoʻonoho hoʻomoana kīpaku ʻo Bruce Chassy leka uila i nā ʻepekema)

ʻO ka Council for Biotechnology Information, kahi hui kalepa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont a me Monsanto Company i hoʻolilo ʻia ma kahi o $ 300,000 ma nā kahua hoʻomoana ʻelua i mālama ʻia ma UC Davis a me ke Kulanui o Florida, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau.

'ōlelo ma ka 2015 Biotech Literacy Project boot camp i komo pū me nā luna ʻoihana biotech a me nā mea lawelawe i ka lehulehu, e like me ke poʻo mua o ka kamaʻilio ʻana o Monsanto. ʻO Jay Byrne (nāna i kōkua e hoʻonohonoho ʻO ka loiloi Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua e hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana), ʻo Hank Campbell o ka hui mua ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, a me Yvette dʻEntremont ka "SciBabe"; me nā kālaiʻike e pili ana i ka ʻoihana ʻO Kevin Folta o ke Kulanui o Florida, Pamela RonaldʻO Alison Van Eenennaam o UC Davis; a me nā mea nūpepa pū kekahi Keith Kloor a ʻO Brooke Borel.

More 'ikepili:

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana a me nā kālaiʻike e pili ana i nā pilikia meaʻai, e nānā mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa iā US kuleana e ʻike i nā palapala i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika i mālama ʻia e ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Kapalakiko.

Mākaukau anei ʻoe no ka Wave Hou o nā Mea ʻEnekinia Genetically?

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Ua paʻi mua ʻia kahi mana o kēia ʻatikala i ʻO ka makasina honua maʻamau ʻo Malaki 2018 (Mana PDF).

Na Stacy Malkan

Makemake nā kānaka āpau i kahi moʻolelo maikaʻi e pili ana i ka wā e hiki mai ana. Ua lohe paha ʻoe i kēia: ʻo nā meaʻai ʻenehana kiʻekiʻe i hoʻonui ʻia e ka ʻepekema e hānai i ka 9 biliona mau kānaka i manaʻo ʻia ma ka honua e 2050. ʻO nā meaʻai i hana ʻia i loko o nā labs a me nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona i hana ʻenekini ʻia e ulu wikiwiki a ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi e hiki ai ke hānai i ka honua lehulehu, e like me nā moʻolelo i wili ma o kā mākou keʻena o ka pāpaho a me ka hoʻonaʻauao.

"6th nā haumāna papa lolo i nā manaʻo biotech nui i # Kaui9 Ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻia kahi leka hou i kau ʻia i ka ʻoihana kemika pūnaewele hoʻolaha Nā pane GMOA Ua komo ka manaʻo o ka haumāna i nā "kāloti e hoʻonui i nā huaora" a me "ka palaoa e ulu i nā wā hoʻoilo paʻakikī."

Kuhi nā mea āpau a hiki i kou nānā ʻana i nā mea maoli ma hope o ka haʻiʻōlelo.

No ka poʻe hoʻomaka, i kahi ʻāina e alakaʻi nei i ka honua i ka ulu ʻana i nā meaola i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically (GMO), miliona pōloli. Hoʻoemi kai ʻai, ke kamaʻilio ʻana i ka like ʻole a me ka hoʻololi ʻana i agroecological nā ʻano mahiʻai, ʻaʻole nā ​​GMO, nā kī o ka palekana meaʻai honua, e like me ka poʻe loea ma Nā Aupuni Hui Pū ʻIa. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically ma ka makeke i kēia lā ʻaʻohe pono o nā mea kūʻai aku. ʻenekini lākou e ola i nā pesticides, a ua hoʻonui wikiwiki i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pesticides e like me Glyphosate, dicamba a koke 2,4D, ke hana nei i nā hui kaiaulu e kapa nei he weliweli wili lāʻau pesticide.

ʻOiai nā makahiki he nui o ka hype e pili ana i nā mea momona ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe a i ʻole nā ​​mea kanu GMO ʻoi aku ka nui, ua kūleʻa ʻole kēlā mau pono. Hoʻonui ʻia ka wikamina-A Laiki Laiki, no ka laʻana - "ka laiki e hiki ai ke hoʻopakele i hoʻokahi miliona mau keiki i ka makahiki," i hōʻike ʻia manawa puke 17 makahiki aku nei - ʻaʻole ma ka mākeke ʻoiai miliona i lilo i ka hoʻolālā. "Inā he panacea ka laiki gula, no ke aha e ulu wale ai ia i nā poʻo inoa, mamao loa mai nā māla mahiʻai kahi i manaʻo ʻia e ulu?" i nīnau aku ai ʻo Tom Philpott i loko ʻO Jones Jones ʻatikala i kapa ʻia, Ua kū ʻo WTF i ka Rice Gula?

"ʻO ka pane pōkole, ʻaʻole pono i nā mea kanu mea kanu ke hana i nā ʻano mea like ʻole e hana pono ana ma ke kula e like me nā ʻano laiki e kū nei. Ke hoʻopili ʻoe i hoʻokahi mea i loko o kahi genome, e like me ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka raiki i ka hiki ke hana i ka beta-carotene, ʻo ʻoe pilikia i ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā mea ʻē aʻe, e like me ka wikiwiki o ka ulu ʻana. ”

Kūpilikiʻi ke kūlohelohe, i nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, a hiki i ka ʻenekini genetika ke hana i nā hopena i manaʻo ʻole ʻia.

E noʻonoʻo i ka hihia o ka Impossible Burger.

ʻO ka burger hoʻokumu mea kanu i "kahe" hiki ke hana ʻia e ka hū genetically e like me ka leghemoglobin, kahi mea i loaʻa i nā aʻa mea kanu soya. Mālama ka GMO soy leghemoglobin (SLH) i kahi protein i kapa ʻia ʻo "heme," e hāʻawi ana i nā ʻano mea like me ka burger - kona kalaʻulaʻula a me ke aniani ma ka pā - me ka ʻole o ka hopena a me ka hopena o ka hopena o kaʻiʻo. Akā haki pū ka GMO SLH i 46 mau protein ʻē aʻe i hele ʻole i ka papaʻai kanaka a hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i nā pilikia palekana.

E like me The New York Times hoike, kā ka huna huna a ka burger “e hōʻike i nā pilikia o ka ʻenehana ʻenehana.” Hoʻokumu ʻia ka moʻolelo ma nā palapala i loaʻa iā ETC Group a me nā Hoa o ka Honua ma lalo o kahi noi Freedom of Information Act - nā palapala i manaʻo paha ka ʻoihana ʻaʻole lākou e ʻike i ke ao o ka lā. I ka wā i noi aku ai nā mea hiki ʻole i ka Food and Drug Administration e hōʻoia i kāna mea GMO "ʻike ʻia he palekana" (GRAS), ka manawa ua hōʻike, ua "hōʻike ka ʻoihana" i ka hopohopo no ka mea ʻaʻole i hoʻopau ʻia e nā kānaka a lilo paha ia i mea maʻi.

Nā luna o FDA i kākau i loko o nā memo e wehewehe ana kahi kāhea iā 2015 me ka hui, "Ua ʻōlelo ʻo FDA ʻo nā paio o kēia manawa ma ka lima, ʻokoʻa pākahi, ʻaʻole lawa e hoʻokumu i ka palekana o SLH no ka ʻai ʻana." Akā, e like me ka manawa Ua wehewehe ka moʻolelo, ʻaʻole i ʻōlelo ka FDA he palekana ʻole ka leghemoglobin GMO, a ʻaʻole pono ka ʻoihana i ka ʻae o ka FDA e kūʻai aku i kāna burger.

ʻAʻole hoʻokumu nā paio i ka palekana - FDA

No laila ʻo Impossible Burger ma ka mākeke me ka hōʻoia o ka palekana o ka ʻoihana a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kūʻai i ka pouli e pili ana i nā mea i loko. ʻOiai e wehewehe ʻia ana ke kaʻina hana GMO ma ka pūnaewele ʻaʻole i kūʻai ʻia pēlā ma ke ala o ke kūʻai aku. Ma kahi kipa hou aku nei i kahi hale ʻaina Bay Bay e kūʻai aku nei i ka Impossible Burger, ua noi aku kahi mea kūʻai aku inā ua hoʻololi ʻia ka burger i ka genetically. Ua haʻi pololei ʻia iā ia, “ʻaʻole.”

ʻO ka nele o ke kiaʻi aupuni ʻana, nā pilikia olakino ʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā mea kūʻai aku i waiho ʻia i ka pouli - he mau kumuhana hou kēia i loko o ka moʻolelo e hōʻike nei e pili ana i ka Wild West o ka hoʻokolohua ʻenekinia genetics e lele nei i kahi hale kūʻai kokoke iā ʻoe.

He GMO e kekahi inoa ʻē aʻe…

ʻO Biology synthetic, CRISPR, hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā ʻāne, a me nā hanauna ʻole. wehewehe kēia mau huaʻōlelo i nā ʻano hou o nā mea kanu ʻenekinia, nā holoholona a me nā mea e holo wikiwiki nei nā ʻoihana e kiʻi i ka mākeke.

ʻO ka hana kahiko o ka hana ʻenekini, i kapa ʻia transgenics, pili i ka hoʻoili ʻana i nā genes mai kekahi ʻano i kekahi. Me nā ʻano ʻenehana ʻenekema hou - ka mea a kekahi mau hui kaiaulu i kapa aku ai iā GMO 2.0 - hana hewa nā ʻoihana i ke kūlohelohe i nā ala hou a weliweli paha. Hiki iā lākou ke holoi i nā genes, hoʻohuli a pio paha nā genes, a hana paha i nā kaʻina DNA hou ma kahi kamepiula. ʻO kēia mau ʻenehana āpau he GMO i ke ala a nā mea kūʻai aku a me ka US Patent Office e noʻonoʻo ai iā lākou - ua loli ʻo DNA i nā hale hana i nā ala e hiki ʻole ai ke kūlohelohe, a hoʻohana ʻia e hana i nā huahana i hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia. Aia kekahi mau ʻano maʻamau o GMO 2.0.

ʻO nā GMO biology synthetic pili i ka hoʻololi a hana ʻana paha i ka DNA e synthesize synthesize i nā mea hoʻohui ma mua o ka lawe ʻana iā lākou mai nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe. ʻO nā laʻana e pili ana i ka hū ʻenekini genetically a i ʻole nā ​​limu e hana i nā mea ʻono e like me vanillin, stevia a me citrus; aiʻole nā ​​mea ʻala e like me patchouli, aila rose a me ka clearwood - nā mea āpau āpau i loko o nā huahana.

Ke hoʻolaha nei kekahi mau ʻoihana i nā mea ulu i hana ʻia ma ke ʻano he hopena no ka hoʻomau ʻana. Akā aia ka diabolō i nā kikoʻī i hōʻike ʻole ʻia e nā ʻoihana. He aha nā mea hānai? Pili kekahi mau huahana biology synthetic i ke kō mai nā monocultures kemikino a i ʻole nā ​​mea ʻai haumia e like me fr gas. Aia kekahi hopohopo e hiki i nā limu hana ʻenekini ke pakele i ke kaiapuni a lilo i haumia i ke ola.

A he aha ka hopena i nā mahiʻai e hilinaʻi nei i nā mea ulu ulu kūpono? Ke hopohopo nei nā mahiʻai a puni ka honua no ka mea hiki i nā mea pani i ka lab-ulu, ke kūʻai hewa ʻia ʻia ma ke ʻano he "kūlohelohe," ke hoʻokuʻi iā lākou mai kā lākou ʻoihana. No nā hanauna, ua mahi nā mahiʻai ma Mekiko, Madagascar, ʻApelika a me Paraguay i ka vanilla kūlohelohe a me nā meaola, shea butter a stevia paha. Ma Haiti, ʻo ka mahiʻai ʻana i ka mauʻu vetiver no ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā mea ʻala kiʻekiʻe loa e kākoʻo i nā mea ulu liʻiliʻi he 60,000, e kōkua ana i ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i ka hoʻokele waiwai i luku ʻia e ke ōlaʻi a me nā ʻino.

Pono paha e neʻe i kēia mau ʻenekini hoʻokele waiwai i South San Francisco a hānai i ka kō i mahi ʻia i ka hale hana i ka hū i mea e hana ai i nā mea ʻala a me nā ʻono ʻono? ʻO wai ka mea e pōmaikaʻi ai, a ʻo wai ka mea e lilo, i ke kipi ulu kiʻekiʻe?

ʻO ka iʻa a me nā holoholona i hana ʻia me genetically: ʻo nā bipi dehorned, nā puaʻa castrated maoli, a me nā hua moa i hoʻolālā ʻia e loaʻa i kahi mea lapaʻau i loko o ka paipu hoʻowalewale hoʻokolohua. ʻO kahi papahana "bipi kauō" kāne kāne kāne āpau - me ka inoa inoa "Keikikāne wale nō" - e manaʻo e hana i kahi bipi kāne nāna e hānau kāne wale nō nā kāne, a laila "e hoʻohuli i nā mea i ka maleness a e ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka ʻoihana (ʻiʻo)," hoike Hōʻike ʻ Technologylelo MIT.

He aha ka hewa e hiki ai?

Ke hana nei ka genististist i ka pipi terminator, ʻo Alison Van Eenennaam o ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis, ke ʻimi nei i ka FDA e noʻonoʻo hou i kāna hoʻoholo 2017 e mālama i nā holoholona i hoʻoponopono ʻia ʻo CRISPR me he mea lā he lāʻau hou ia, no laila e koi ana i nā noiʻi palekana. ua haʻi ʻo ia i ka Nānā MIT ʻo ia ka mea e "kau i kahi kaohi hoʻokele nui i ka hoʻohana ʻana i kēia hana hoʻoponopono gen i nā holoholona." Akā ʻaʻole pono nā koi no ke aʻo ʻana i ke olakino, palekana a me nā hopena o ka nohona genetically engineered, a me kahi pae no ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i ka hopena o ka pono, maikaʻi a me ka pilikanaka. Ke hoʻokeke ikaika nei nā ʻoihana no nā koi ʻole; i Ianuali, ua kamaʻilio ʻo Pelekikena Trump e pili ana i ka biotechnology no ka manawa mua i kona wā pelekikena a hana i kahi ʻōlelo maopopo ʻole e pili ana i “streamlining rules.”

ʻO ka holoholona GMO wale nō ma ka makeke i kēia manawa ʻo ka salmon AquaAdvantage i hoʻolālā ʻia me nā gen o kahi puhi e ulu wikiwiki. Ke kūʻai ʻia nei ka iʻa ma Kanada, akā ʻaʻole e ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana i hea, a mālama ʻia nā kūʻai aku a US ma muli o "lepili ʻana i nā pilikia.”Kūpono ka makemake no ka hūnā ʻana mai ke kuanaʻike kūʻai aku: 75% o nā mea pane i a 2013 New York Times piʻi ua ʻōlelo ʻaʻole lākou e ʻai i ka iʻa GMO, a ma kahi o ʻelua hapakolu i ʻōlelo ʻaʻole lākou e ʻai i ka ʻiʻo i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically.

Nā hana hoʻomāhie Gene e like me ka hoʻopiʻi RNA (RNAi) hiki ke hoʻopau i nā genes e hana i kekahi mau ʻano. Ua ʻenekini ʻia ka Apple Arctic non-browning me RNAi e hoʻohuli i ka hōʻike o nā genes i kumu e ʻeleʻele a palupalu nā ʻōpala. E like me ka wehewehe ʻana o ka ʻoihana ma kāna pūnaewele, "ke nahu ʻia ka ʻāpala, ʻoki ʻia, a i ʻole pēpē ʻia ... ʻaʻole ʻāpala ʻeleʻele yucky i waiho ʻia ma hope."

Ke noi nei paha nā mea kūʻai no kēia ʻano? Mākaukau paha ʻaʻole hele mai ia. ʻO ka GMO Arctic Apple mua, kahi Golden Delicious, i hoʻomaka i ke poʻo no nā mākeke hoʻāʻo i ka Midwest i ka mahina i hala. ʻAʻohe mea e ʻōlelo pololei ana i kahi e pae mai nā ʻāpala, akā ʻaʻole lākou e kapa ʻia me GMO. E nānā no ka māka ʻo “Arctic Apples” inā makemake ʻoe e ʻike inā e ʻai ana ʻoe i ka ʻāpala hana ʻenekia.

"Hilinaʻi wau e ʻike hou aku i nā mea kanu i hoʻoponopono ʻia e nā ʻohana i hāʻule i waho o ka mana hoʻomalu." 

Nā hana hoʻoponopono Gene e like me CRISPR, TALEN a i ʻole zinc manamana nukelea i hoʻohana ʻia e ʻokiʻoki iā DNA i mea e hoʻololi ai i ka genetic a i ʻole hoʻokomo i nā mea kūlohelohe. ʻOi aku ka wikiwiki a me ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻia o kēia mau hana ma mua o ka hana kahiko transgenic. Akā ʻo ka nele o ka nānā aupuni ʻana e hāpai i nā hopohopo. "Aia hiki ke lilo i pahuhopu a me nā hopena i manaʻo ʻole ʻia," wehewehe ʻo Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻelemakule o Consumers Union. "Ke hoʻololi ʻoe i nā genetics o nā mea ola ʻaʻole lākou e hana maʻamau e like me kāu e manaʻo ai. ʻO kēia ke kumu e koʻikoʻi e hoʻopaʻa pono i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni, akā ʻaʻole koi ʻia kēia mau aʻo ʻana. ”

Kahi huaʻahi CRISPR non-browning pakele i ke kānāwai US, e like me Nature hoike i ka makahiki 2016. ʻO kahi aila CRISPR canola hou, ʻenekini e hoʻomanawanui i nā lāʻau make, aia i nā hale kūʻai i kēia manawa a kapa ʻia paha "non-GMO," wahi a Bloomberg, mai ka US Department of Agriculture ua "lawe i kahi pass" i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā mea kanu CRISPR. Ua haʻi ka moʻolelo i ka "hele wāwae ʻana o Monsanto, DuPont a me Dow Chemical" i loko o ka ʻole o ka hoʻokele "a hahau i nā hana laikini e hoʻohana i ka ʻenehana hoʻoponopono gen.

A hāpai aʻe i kahi hae ʻulaʻula me ka moʻolelo e hāʻawi ai nā GMO hou i nā pono mea kūʻai aku ʻaʻole i hana nā ʻano transgenic kahiko. "Ma muli o ka ʻokoʻa o nā ʻenehana ʻaʻole ia he ʻano e lilo nā ʻano," wahi a Kauka Hansen. "ʻO ka hana kahiko o ka hana ʻenekini i hoʻohana nui ʻia e hana i nā mea kanu e pale aku i nā lāʻau make a hoʻonui i ke kūʻai aku i nā lāʻau make. E hoʻohana ʻia paha nā hana hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono hou i nā ala like, akā aia kekahi mau wili hou. "

ʻO nā makemake o ka Consumer Versus Pono Makemake

Kākoʻo ʻia ka piko “hoʻololi i ka meaʻai” a ka ʻAkelanika e DowDuPont. E ʻike i kā mākou ke hōʻike nei i kēlā moʻolelo.

ʻO nā ʻoihana mahi mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua ka hapanui o nā hua a me nā pesticides, a ke hoʻohui nei lākou i ka mana i nā lima o nā hui multinational he ʻekolu wale nō. Ke pani nei ʻo Bayer lāua ʻo Monsanto i ka hui ʻana, a ua pau nā hui ʻana o ChemChina / Syngenta a me DowDuPont. Ua hoʻolaha wale ʻo DowDuPont i kāna ʻāpana agribusiness e hana ma lalo o ka inoa hou Corteva Agriscience, kahi huaʻōlelo o ka manaʻo "puʻuwai" a me "kūlohelohe."

He mea ʻole ka hana hou ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni a lākou e hoʻāʻo ai, he ʻano kūlohelohe kēia mau ʻoihana he mau moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka nānā ʻole ʻana i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka ʻepekema, ka uhi ʻana i nā pilikia o ke olakino o nā huahana weliweli a me ka waiho ʻana ma hope o nā mea ʻona - Bhopal, dioxin, PCBs, napalm, Agent Orange, teflon, chlorpyrifos, atrazine, dicamba, e inoa ai i kekahi mau mea hōʻino wale nō.

ʻO nā moʻolelo e pili ana i ka wā e hiki mai ana ke nalo i sordid i hala a me ka ʻike o kēia manawa pehea e hoʻohana nei kēia mau ʻoihana i nā ʻenehana ʻenehana genetine i kēia mau lā, ʻo ka hapanui ma ke ʻano he mea hana no nā mea kanu e ola i nā sprays kemika. I mea e maopopo ai ke pāʻani nei kēia papahana ma ka honua i ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā wahi hoʻohana pesticide e ulu ana i ka GMO, heluhelu i nā hōʻike e pili ana hānau kīnā ma Hawaii, pūpū maʻi ʻaʻai ma Argentina, nā alawai wai haumia i Iowa a nā wahi i hōʻino ʻia ma waena o ka Midwest.

ʻO ka wā e hiki mai ana o ka meaʻai ma lalo o ka kaohi o ka agribusiness nui a me nā ʻoihana kemika ʻaʻole paʻakikī e koho - ʻoi aku ka nui o nā mea a lākou e hoʻāʻo nei e kūʻai aku iā mākou: nā mea kanu GMO e hoʻouka i nā kūʻai kemika a me nā holoholona meaʻai i hoʻolālā ʻia e ulu wikiwiki a kūpono maikaʻi i ka mahiʻai hale hana. nā kūlana, me nā lāʻau lapaʻau e kōkua. He hihiʻo nui ia no ka wā e hiki mai ana o nā loaʻa ʻoihana a me ka noʻonoʻo o ka waiwai a me ka mana, akā ʻaʻole maikaʻi loa ia no nā mahiʻai, ke olakino lehulehu, ke kaiapuni a i ʻole nā ​​mea kūʻai aku e koi nei i kahi meaʻai ʻē aʻe i ka wā e hiki mai ana.

Makemake ka nui o nā mea kūʻai aku maoli, ʻai maoli a me nā huahana. Makemake lākou e ʻike i ka mea i loko o kā lākou meaʻai, pehea i hana ʻia ai a no hea mai ia. No ka poʻe makemake e lilo i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka mea a lākou e ʻai nei, aia nō ke ala surefire e hōʻalo ai i nā GMO kahiko a me nā mea hou: kūʻai i meaola. Hōʻoia ka papahana Non-GMO i hōʻoia hōʻoia ʻia ʻaʻole hōʻoia ʻia nā huahana a hana ʻia paha me ka biology synthetic.

He mea nui ia no ka ʻoihana meaʻai maoli e paʻa i ka laina ma ka pono o kēia mau palapala hōʻoia e kūʻē i ka stampede ʻāhiu o nā GMO hou.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ke alakaʻi hui o US Right to Know a me ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry."