Ithonya lobumbano eNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan: USolwazi Peter Phillips nemfihlo yakhe "ilungelo lokwazi uchungechunge"

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zamakhasi emibhalo yangaphakathi etholwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi ngokusebenzisa amarekhodi omphakathi izicelo ziveza ubudlelwano obuseduze - futhi obuyimfihlo - obuphakathi kweMonsanto, amaqembu ayo e-PR, neqembu losolwazi abagqugquzela ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides. Kwesinye isibonelo, uphenyo lwaveza imininingwane ngomsebenzi kaMonsanto UPeter WB Phillips, USolwazi Ohloniphekile e UJohnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, ENyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan.

Izambulo zazibandakanya ubufakazi bokuthi abasebenzi baseMonsanto kunikezwe futhi kwahlelwa iphepha elibhalwe nguPhillips, futhi wabamba iqhaza kwi "uchungechunge" oluvaliwe emphakathini UPhillips uhlele e-U of S ukuxoxa ngezinselelo zokubonisa ngale mayelana nobudlelwano bemboni. Le micimbi iphakamise ukukhathazeka ngethonya lemboni kule nyuvesi exhaswe nguhulumeni, futhi yagqugquzela amanye amalungu obuhlakani nabanye ukuba baqalise inselelo yezomthetho ukuzama ukuthola umbhalo othi "ilungelo lokwazi uchungechunge".

Leli phepha linikeza isizinda ngale micimbi, kanye nemibhalo evela ekuphonselweni inselelo kwezomthetho kanye nophenyo lwamarekhodi omphakathi. I-U of S ithe ibukeze umsebenzi kaPhillips ngokwesimo senqubomgomo yokuziphatha eyunivesithi. Ngenxa yalokhu, uPhillips "wakhululwa kunoma yikuphi ukungalungi," ngokusho kweCBC News.

Ukufakwa kwezindaba

Ukusebenzisana kweMonsanto kwakungekho ukubonakala  

Imibhalo etholwe ngamarekhodi omphakathi icela ama-imeyili achaza omunye umsebenzi kaPhillips neMonsanto. Okulandelayo ukubuka konke okutholakele nemisebenzi ephathelene nemibhalo.

Ngo-2014, umphathi wezindaba zesayensi yomhlaba wonke waseMonsanto u-Eric Sachs waqasha uPhillips nabanye oprofesa abayisithupha ukuba babhale izincazelo zenqubomgomo ngama-GMO. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi abasebenzi baseMonsanto izihloko eziphakanyisiwe nezinhlaka amaphepha, kuhlelwe umsebenzi kaPhillips, wahlanganyela nenkampani ye-PR, futhi wahlela ukuba kukhishwe amaphepha futhi iphakanyiswe nge Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project iwebhusayithi, okwenziwe akukhulunywa yendima kaMonsanto. UPhillips utshele i-CBC akakaze athathe inkokhelo kuMonsanto futhi ume ngemuva kwanoma yikuphi ukubhala negama lakhe.

Ngo-2015, uPhillips bameme abasebenzi baseMonsanto, izimboni ezibalulekile ze-PR, khetha abasebenzi be-faculty nabaseyunivesithi ku "Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know" e-U of S ukuxoxa ngenkululeko yemithetho yolwazi kanye nemithelela yokubambisana kwezimboni nezifundo. Uhlu lwezimemo lwakhiwe ngo ukubonisana no UCami Ryan waseMonsanto. Umcimbi uvaliwe emphakathini kanti inyuvesi yenqabile ukukhipha imininingwane ngawo.

Ngo-2017, iqembu elizibiza nge-Academic Integrity Legal Group, elinamalungu obuhlakani nabanye abaxhumene no-U of S, lazama ukuthola lo mbhalo kodwa lathi “babhaliswa yinyuvesi.” Ukuphindaphinda okunzima, cishe I-85% yombhalo kumnyama, "khombisa ukufihla ngenhloso," i iqembu labhala esicelweni somphakathi okuqoqe amasiginesha angaphezu kuka-1,800 XNUMX.

Ingxenye yombhalo obhalwe kabusha ovela ku- “Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know”

Icala lombhalo oqoshiwe libuyekezwe nguRon Kruzeniski, uKhomishani Wezokwaziswa Nobumfihlo waseSaskatchewan. NgoJuni 2018 Umbiko, uKruzeniski uthe inyuvesi ayisebenzisi ngendlela efanele umthetho wamarekhodi womphakathi futhi wancoma ukuthi kukhishwe ingxenye enkulu yombhalo. Inyuvesi yenqabile ukuyinikeza, nokwadala inselelo yezomthetho evela ku-D'Arcy Hande, umgcini wezinto zakudala osethathe umhlalaphansi e-U of S, egameni leqembu le-Academic Integrity. Inselelo yezomthetho, i-US Right to Know isize ukuyikhokhela, ayiphumelelanga, lapho inkantolo ikhiphe isinqumo sokuthi “kube nomthetho oyisisekelo wochungechunge olumise imfihlo.”

UHande uthe enkulumweni yakhe wathi lolu chungechunge lubonakale luyingxoxo engagunci mayelana nokuthi ungakulawula kanjani lokhu kulandisa, kunokuphendula izikhalazo, ngokusebenzisana nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane nale nyuvesi. Ngenxa yokuthi u-U of S uxhaswe umphakathi, ukholwa wukuthi umphakathi unelungelo lokwazi ukuthi kuxoxwe ngani.

“Kufana neklabhu yabafana endala.”

Isinqumo senkantolo siyamayelana, kusho uHande, ngenxa yokugcizelela kwakho ukusetshenziswa kweChatham House Rule (an isivumelwano esingahlelekile esetshenziselwa ukusiza izingxoxo zamahhala zezihloko ezibucayi) njengesizathu sokuthi imininingwane kufanele ihlale iyimfihlo. "Ukuthi ijaji licabange ukuthi kufanelekile ukuthi inyuvesi kawonkewonke ihlangane nabamele imboni embonini yomphakathi ukuze bakhulume ngokukhululeka ngaphandle kwezidingo zokubeka obala ngaphansi komthetho iChatham House Rule, kuyethusa impela lokho," kusho uHande. “Kufana neklabhu yabafana endala.” 

Imibhalo 

Umbhalo owenziwe kabusha we-U of S “Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know” 

Buyekeza Umbiko 298-2017 Ihhovisi Lokhomishani Wezokwaziswa Nobumfihlo Saskatchewan

Isikhalazo somphakathi esivela eQenjini Lezomthetho Lobuqotho

IGceke leNdlovukazi yaseNdlovukazi Isahlulelo, Hande vs U ka-S

Ama-imeyili ahlobene nochungechunge

Imema abalingani bezimboni ze-PR ku-U of S (Okthoba 2015). UPhillips uchaze inhloso yakhe yokuhlela uchungechunge mayelana nokuvakasha kuka UJon Entine (Iphrojekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo) futhi USolwazi Kevin Folta wase-University of Florida (abavikeli ababili abakhulu bama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane abasebenzisane kakhulu namaqembu ezimboni ngenkathi bethi bazimele). UPhillips ubhalele u-Entine noFolta: “Ngesikhathi ngizwa ukuthi nobabili nizobe senisedolobheni, kwabonakala kuyithuba elihle ukubiza isimpoziyamu encane yocwaningo ukuze kuxoxwe ngenhlangano ye-RTK [ilungelo lokwazi] kanye nomphumela wayo ongaba khona ekubambisaneni kwezimboni nezifundo. ”

Ingemuva, i-ajenda, abakhona (Novemba 2015). UPhillips uthumele i-imeyili i-Entine, i-Folta, abasebenzi ababili beMonsanto nabanye abachaza isidingo sokuhlangana ukuze kuxoxiswane ngokuhlolwa okwengeziwe kokubambisana kwezimboni nezifundo. Amagama iningi labamenyiwe nababekhona okungewona u-U we-S acishiwe.

IMonsanto iphakamisa abamenyiwe (Novemba 2015). UCami Ryan weMonsanto wenze iziphakamiso zohlu lwezimemo.

Ama-imeyili aphathelene namaphepha e-Monsanto / Genetic Literacy Project 

IMonsanto yabelwa amaphepha (Agasti 2013). U-Eric Sachs waseMonsanto ubhalele iqembu losolwazi okubandakanya uPhillips, “Sengiqale umsebenzi obalulekile wokukhiqiza uchungechunge lwemibhalo emifushane yenqubomgomo ngezihloko ezibalulekile enkundleni yezolimo ye-biotechnology… izihloko zikhethwe ngenxa yethonya lazo kumgomo womphakathi, isivuno seGM umthetho nokwamukelwa kwabathengi. ” Ucele uPhillips ukuthi abhale ngokuthi "umthetho osindayo" wama-GMO "uvimba kanjani lokhu okusha… okubalulekile ekusizeni ukwesekwa kokudla emhlabeni jikelele."

Isicelo esiphuthumayo sikaMonsanto sokuqhubekela phambili (Septhemba 9, 2014). AbakwaSachs bathumele i-imeyili kuPhillips ukumnxusa ukuthi abuyekeze ukuhlela okuphakanyisiwe ephepheni lakhe. "Le projekthi isendleleni enamandla manje," kubhala uSachs. Uchaze isu "lokuxhumanisa 'imibono' yomlobi kusuka kulolu chungechunge lwamafushane empikiswaneni ngezitshalo ze-GM nokudla esikholwa ukuthi kuzodalwa emasontweni azayo ngumbiko omusha wePhaneli yeNRC ngezitshalo ze-GM. Ngesonto elizayo kungokokuqala ngqa kokulalelwa kwezimvo zomphakathi e-US NAS [National Academy of Sciences] eWashington futhi kuzobonakala ukuthi ngubani ongomunye wabagxeki bezitshalo ze-GM abazofakaza. ” AbakwaSachs baqaphele ukuthi iGenetic Literacy Project “manje iyisikhungo esiyinhloko” samaphepha futhi “ibisakha uhlelo lokuthengisa” ngosizo lwenkampani yePR.

IMonsanto iphakamise ukuhlela (Septhemba 18, 2014). UPhillips uxoxe ngenqubekela phambili yakhe efaka ukuhlelwa kanye nezinguquko ezisuka kuCons Ryan kaMonsanto kumbhalo wakhe wenqubomgomo.

I-PR firm yabela amashejuli (Agasti 2013). UBeth Ann Mumford we-CMA Consulting, inkampani ye-PR esebenza noMonsanto, uxoxe ngamashejuli nezinsuku zokugcina neziprofesa. (I-CMA, eseqanjwe kabusha igama Bheka eMpumalanga, iphethwe nguCharlie Arnot, oyi-CEO embonini yezokudla exhaswa ngemali spin group Isikhungo Sokuqina Kokudla.)

Akukho ukudalulwa kwendima kaMonsanto (Disemba 11, 2014). Iphepha lePhillips, elinesihloko esithi "Imiphumela Yezomnotho Yemithethonqubo Yezilimo Zezakhi Zomzimba" lishicilelwa yi-Genetic Literacy Project kungadalulwa indima kaMonsanto.

Uxhaso lwezinkampani

Yize uPhillips ethe akatholi mali eqondile ezinkampanini, ucwaningo lwakhe lubonakala luthola ukwesekwa okuthile kwezamabhizinisi. IGlobal Institute for Food Security (GIFS), a isikhungo sokucwaninga esixhaswe yi uHulumeni we ISaskatchewan, iNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan neNutrien, inkampani kamanyolo, ibala iPhillips phakathi kwayo abacwaningi abaxhumene. Ngokusho kukaPhillips ikhasi lobuhlakani, imali yakhe yakamuva yocwaningo ihilela ukusebenzisana noStuart Smyth, usolwazi osebenza e-U of S ophethe iSihlalo Esicwaninga Ngezimboni Esikhokhelwa yi-Agri-Food Innovation. Lokho isikhundla sixhaswe ngu IBayer CropScience Canada, iCropLife Canada, iMonsanto Canada, iSaskatchewan Canola Development Commission kanye neSyngenta Canada.

Izimali zikaPhillips ziphawula ubudlelwano obubili neSmyth: $ 675,000 for a “IZIPHO-CSIP Strategic Partnership ”kanye“ nokuvuselela izimali zoMsebenzi Wokulondolozwa Kwesayensi Yezenhlalo njengengxenye Yezinhlelo Zokuklama Zokuphepha Kokudla Komhlaba Wonke, amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-37.5 ”avela eCanada First Research Excellence Fund Program (enebhajethi eyi- $ 1.31 million). Lesi sakamuva yi- iphrojekthi exhaswa ngumphakathi iyaqhubeka i-GIFS, ubambiswano lukahulumeni nezinkampani ezizimele ezibandakanya i-U of S, uhulumeni wasekhaya kanye nenkampani kamanyolo iNutrien (phambilini eyayiyiPotash Corp) ikhangisa imikhiqizo yayo njengoba kudingekile ekutholakaleni kokudla.

Imininingwane ehlobene  

  • Imboni yezolimo izibopho nokuxhaswa kukaStuart Smyth, Usihlalo Wocwaningo Oxhaswa Ngezimboni e-Agri-Food Innovation e-University of Saskatchewan, e-US Right to Know sheet sheet (6.1.20)
  • Boston Globe: UProfesa waseHarvard Wehlulekile Ukudalula Ukuxhumana KweMonsanto ku-Paper Touting GMOs, nguLaura Krantz
  • Umama Jones: Lawa ma-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uMonsanto uncike kothisha ukuze balwe nempi ye-GMO PR, nguTom Philpott
  • I-Bloomberg: I-Monsanto Yazihlanganisa Kanjani Izifundiswa Ukuba Zibhale Amaphepha Asekela Ama-GMO, kaJack Kaskey
  • Ingobo yomlando yemboni yamakhemikhali ye-UCSF iqukethe imibhalo engama-59 ebandakanya ukuxhumana kwePhillips nezimboni kanye nabalingani bemboni. Le mibhalo iyingxenye yomkhakha wezolimo iqoqo linikelwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi.

Quotes  

"Inyuvesi yethu akumele isebenze njengesiteshi sikasheleni yezinhloso zezinkampani futhi iphikisane nendelelo kaKhomishani Wezokwazisa Nobumfihlo esifundazweni… izincomo zayo eziphikisana nokuziqhenya okukhulu enkantolo."

Len Findlay, UProfesa Ohloniphekile U-Emeritus, U we-S (I-LTE, Isithungu)

Isinqumo senkantolo “siqinisa ukuvikelwa kwenkululeko yokufunda kanye nokuba ngasese. Inkululeko yokufunda ifaka amandla amalungu eyunivesithi yethu ukuthi aqhubeke nocwaningo nemibono - ngisho naleyo enempikiswano noma engathandeki - ngaphandle kokwesaba ukuphazanyiswa. ”

UKaren Chad, u-U we-S usekela-mongameli wocwaningo (Isithungu)

"Ngicabanga ukuthi iningi lezazi zokuziphatha zizoba nenkinga ngobudlelwano obuqinile [bukaPhillips] neMonsanto."

Umxhumanisi weSaskatoon uSteven Lewis, Umbhali osebenza naye ocashunwe kabanzi
I-athikili yeCanada Medical Association Journal mayelana
ubudlelwano beyunivesithi nezimboni (CBC)

“Ngishaqekile ngoba [ithonya lezinkampani emanyuvesi omphakathi] libonakala liba limbi ngokwengeziwe. Kunenkinga yangempela lapha. ”

U-profesa wezemfundo ka-S uWoward Woodhouse,
umbhali we Ukuthengisa: Inkululeko Yezemfundo kanye Nemakethe Yenkampani (CBC)

“Sikhuthaza ubuhlakani bethu ukuthi bahumushele ulwazi lwabo ezinkundleni zemigomo. Yilokho kanye uProf. Phillips akwenzile. ”

UJeremy Rayner, owayengumqondisi, uJohnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy (CBC)