Izambulo eziyi-10 ezivela kuphenyo lwase-US Right to Know

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Sicela usekele uphenyo lwethu lokudla ngokwenza umnikelo odonselwa intela namuhla. 

Imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ekhishwe ngo-2019 inikeza ukubukeka okungajwayelekile ngaphakathi kwezibulala-zinambuzane nezinkampani zokudla ezizama ukudicilela phansi amaqembu ezithakazelo zomphakathi nezintatheli. Imibhalo (ethunyelwe lapha) kukhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto nomnikazi wayo omusha, uBayer, babekhathazeke kakhulu nge-US Right to Know, iqembu labacwaningi elingenzi nzuzo elaqala ukuphenya imboni yezokudla ngo-2015. Idokhumenti yeMonsanto, "Uhlelo luka-USRTK luzoba nomthelela kuyo yonke imboni" futhi "lunamandla okulimaza kakhulu." Bheka ukufakwa ku-Guardian, "Kwembulwa: kanjani 'isikhungo sezobunhloli' sikaMonsanto sakhomba izintatheli kanye nezishoshovu. "

Kusukela kwethulwa ngo-2015, i-US Right to Know ithole amakhulu ezinkulungwane zamakhasi amadokhumende angaphakathi ezinkampani nawomthetho aveza ukuthi izinkampani zokudla nezibulala-zinambuzane zisebenza kanjani ekusithekeni ukuze zisebenzise isayensi, izifundiswa kanye nenqubomgomo yokwengeza inzuzo yazo ngokudla umphakathi impilo nemvelo. Umsebenzi wethu unikele kuya kwabathathu New York Times uphenyo, ayisishiyagalombili amaphepha ezifundo mayelana nomthelela ezinkampanini ohlelweni lwethu lokudla, futhi izindaba zomhlaba wonke ukubhala phansi ukuthi idlanzana lokudla okungenamsoco kanye nezinkampani zezibulala-zinambuzane zisebenzisa izindlela ezahlukahlukene ezingekho emthethweni futhi ezingalungile ukwenza uhlelo lokudla olungenampilo, olungasimami. Nayi eminye yemiphumela yethu ephezulu kuze kube manje.

1. Izifundiswa “ezizimele” ezixhaswa yiMonsanto ukukhuthaza nokunxenxa imikhiqizo yokubulala izinambuzane

I-US Right to Know ibhalwe phansi izibonelo eziningi zokuthi izinkampani zezibulala-zinambuzane zithembele kanjani kakhulu kwizifundiswa ezikhokhelwa umphakathi ukusiza nge-PR yazo nokunxenxa. Ikhasi lokuqala langoSepthemba 2015 New York Times i-athikili iveze ukuthi uMonsanto ubhalise izifundiswa, futhi wabakhokhela ngasese, ukuze baphikisane nemithetho yokulebula kwe-GMO. I-WBEZ kamuva yabika ngesibonelo esisodwa; indlela uprofesa waseYunivesithi yase-Illinois athola ngayo amashumi ezinkulungwane zamaRandi eMonsanto ukukhuthaza nokunxenxa ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, kanti eyunivesithi yakhe yathola izigidi; azikho kulezi zimali ezidalulwe emphakathini.  

Imibhalo ebikiwe kufayela le- Boston Globe, Bloomberg futhi umama Jones chaza ukuthi iMonsanto yabelwa kanjani, yabhalwa futhi yaphakanyiswa kanjani amaphepha e-pro-GMO avela konjiniyela baseHarvard, eCornell nakwamanye amanyuvesi - amaphepha ashicilelwe kungakhulunywa ngendima kaMonsanto. E-University of Saskatchewan, uMonsanto waqeqesha uprofesa futhi wahlela izindatshana zakhe zezifundo, ngokusho kuka amaphepha abikiwe by i-CBC.  Ngokwesicelo senkampani ye-PR yomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane, uprofesa wase-University of Florida wakhiqiza i-video ehlose ukudicilela phansi isithunzi sensizwa yaseCanada eyayigxeka ama-GMO, ngokusho kwe imibhalo ebikwe yiGlobal News. 

Bona wethu I-Pesticide Industry Propaganda Tracker amashidi eqiniso asuselwa kumadokhumenti aphenyo lwethu. Imibhalo eminingi ye-USRTK nayo ithunyelwe ku- Imitapo Yezincwadi Yezimboni Zokudla ne-Chemical USCF.

2. Iqembu lesayensi elingenzi nzuzo ILSI liqembu lezikhungo zokwamukela izinkampani zokudla nezokubulala izinambuzane 

NgoSepthemba 2019, i- New York Times ibike nge "shadowy group group" i-International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) ebumba inqubomgomo yokudla emhlabeni jikelele. Umbhalo weThe Times ucaphuna i- Ucwaningo lwe-2019 obhaliswe ngokuhlanganyela nguGary Ruskin we-USRTK ebika ukuthi i-ILSI isebenza kanjani njengeqembu lokungenela elithuthukisa intshisekelo yabaxhasi bayo bezimboni zokudla kanye nezezimboni. Bona ukumbozwa kwesifundo sethu ku iBMJ futhi I-Guardian, futhi ufunde kabanzi ngenhlangano iThe Times kuchazwe njengo “Iqembu elinamandla kunawo wonke embonini yokudla ongakaze uzwe” kithi Ishidi lamaqiniso le-ILSI.

Ngo-2017, uRuskin wabhala futhi i- umagazini ukubika ngama-imeyili abonisa abaholi bemboni yezokudla bexoxa ngokuthi “kumele basebenzise kanjani izinhlangano zangaphandle” lapho besebenza ngezingxabano mayelana nobungozi bezempilo kwimikhiqizo yabo. Ama-imeyili akhombisa abaholi abaphezulu embonini yezokudla bekhuthaza indlela ehlelekile yokuthonya ubufakazi besayensi, umbono wochwepheshe kanye nabalawuli emhlabeni jikelele. Bheka Ukusabalala kweBloomberg, “Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi imboni yezokudla iyisebenzisa kanjani 'isayensi' ukuphusha i-soda.”

Uphenyo lwe-USRTK luye lwagqugquzela i- Indaba ka-2016 kuThe Guardian ebika ukuthi abaholi beqembu leJoint FAO / WHO elisuse i-glyphosate yokukhathazeka ngomdlavuza baphinde babamba izikhundla zobuholi e-ILSI, eyathola iminikelo emikhulu evela embonini yezibulala-zinambuzane. 

3. Izindaba ezihamba phambili mayelana nokuhlolwa kweMonsanto Roundup kanye neDicamba

I-US Right to Know ivame ukuphula izindaba mayelana nokuhlolwa komdlavuza we-Roundup nge UCarey Gillam's Roundup noDicamba Trial Tracker, okunikeza ukubuka kuqala imibhalo yokutholwa, izingxoxo kanye namathiphu wezindaba mayelana nokuhlolwa. Bangaphezu kuka-42,000 abantu abafake isimangalo eNkampanini iMonsanto (manje ephethwe yiBayer) bethi ukutholakala kwe-Roundup herbicide kubangele bona noma abathandekayo babo ukuba bahlakulele i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, nokuthi iMonsanto ihlanganise izingozi.

Njengengxenye yenqubo yokutholwa, iMonsanto iguqule izigidi zamakhasi wamarekhodi ayo angaphakathi. I-USRTK ithumela eminingi yale mibhalo namarekhodi asenkantolo mahhala kithi Amakhasi eMonsanto Papers.

Inqwaba yabalimi ezungeze i-United States nayo manje isimangalele iMonsanto Co yangaphambili kanye ne-congresserate BASF ngomzamo wokwenza izinkampani ziphendule izigidi zamahektare omonakalo wezitshalo abalimi abathi zibangelwa ukusetshenziswa okungekho emthethweni kokubulala ukhula kwamakhemikhali i-dicamba. Ngo-2020, saqala futhi ukuthumela i- Amaphepha eDicamba: Imibhalo ebalulekile nokuhlaziywa kusukela ekulingweni.

4. Izikhulu eziphezulu ze-CDC zasebenzisana neCoca-Cola ekubumbeni inkulumo-mpikiswano yokukhuluphala, futhi zeluleka uCoca-Cola ngokuthi angavimba kanjani i-WHO ekulweni noshukela ongeziwe

Imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know yaholela komunye ikhasi lokuqala leNew York Times indaba ngonyaka we-2017 ebika ukuthi umqondisi osanda kuqokwa weSikhungo Sokulawulwa Kwezifo e-US, uBrenda Fitzgerald, wabona uCoca-Cola njengobambisene naye ezindabeni zokukhuluphala (uFitzgerald usesulile esikhundleni sakhe). 

I-USRTK futhi yaba ngowokuqala ukubika ngo-2016 ukuthi esinye isikhulu esisezingeni eliphezulu se-CDC sasinobudlelwano obuhle neCoke, futhi sazama ukusiza inkampani ekuqondiseni i-World Health Organisation kude nemizamo yayo yokunqanda ukusetshenziswa koshukela ongeziwe; bheka kubika nguCarey Gillam, umqondisi wezocwaningo wase-US Right to Know. Umsebenzi wethu uphinde waba nomthelela ocwaningweni olwenziwe ngokubhalwa nguMilbank Quarterly nguGary Ruskin ochaza izingxoxo phakathi kwabaphathi beCDC nabakwaCoca-Cola. Okubili izihloko in iBMJ ngokuya ngemibhalo ye-USRTK, nama-athikili ku- Washington Post, Atlanta Journal Umthethosisekelo, ISan Diego Union Tribune, Forbes, CNN, I-Politico futhi I-Intercept nikeza imininingwane eyengeziwe ngethonya likaCoke e-ejensi yezempilo yomphakathi yase-US okufanele isize ukuvimbela ukukhuluphala, uhlobo lwesibili sikashukela nezinye izifo.   

5. I-US FDA yathola izinsalela ze-glyphosate kuzinyosi, okusanhlamvu kwezinsana, nokunye ukudla okuvamile, yabe isiyeka ukuhlola ikhemikhali   

I-FDA ayikhiphanga imininingwane, ngakho-ke i-USRTK iyenzile.

UCarey Gillam uqhamuke nezindaba ku Huffington Post, The Guardian futhi USRTK mayelana nemibhalo kahulumeni yangaphakathi etholwe ngezicelo ze-Freedom of Information Act ekhombisa ukuthi i-US FDA yenza izivivinyo ezithola i-glyphosate yokubulala ukhula ngokudla okuvame ukusetshenziswa kakhulu okubandakanya i-granola, ama-crackers, okusanhlamvu kwezinsana kanye namazinga aphezulu kakhulu kuju.  I-FDA ayikhiphanga imininingwane, ngakho-ke i-USRTK iyenzile. Uhulumeni wabe esemisa uhlelo lwakhe lokuhlola izinsalela ze-glyphosate ekudleni, Kubike uGillam.

I-FDA iphinde yaqala ukuhlolwa futhi ngasekupheleni kuka-2018 futhi yakhipha umbiko okhombise ukuhlolwa okulinganiselwe kakhulu futhi yangabika amazinga akhathazayo e-glyphosate. Umbiko awufakanga noma yiluphi ulwazi i-USRTK etholakale ngama-FOIAs.

6. Izinkampani ezibulala izinambuzane zazixhasa ngasese iqembu lezemfundo elalihlasela imboni yezinto eziphilayo 

Iqembu elizibiza ngokuthi yi-Academics Review laba sematheni ngo-2014 ngombiko ohlasela imboni yezimboni njengomkhonyovu wokumaketha. Leli qembu lathi liphethwe yizifundiswa ezizimele, futhi alizange lamukele iminikelo yenkampani; kodwa, imibhalo etholwe yi-USRTK futhi wabika ku Huffington Post uveze ukuthi leli qembu lasungulwa ngosizo lweMonsanto ukuze kube yiqembu eliphambili elixhaswe ngezimboni elingahlambalaza abagxeki bamaGMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Amarekhodi entela akhombisa ukuthi i-Academics Review ithole iningi lezimali zayo kuMkhandlu we-Biotechnology Information (CBI), iqembu lokuhweba elixhaswe yizinkampani ezinkulu kakhulu zokubulala izinambuzane emhlabeni.

7. Amanyuvesi abambe izingqungquthela ezixhaswe imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane ukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuthi zingagqugquzela kanjani ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane 

Imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane exhaswe ngemali ebanjelwe eNyuvesi yaseFlorida naseYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, uDavis wahlanganisa ososayensi, izintatheli nababambisene nomkhakha we-PR ukuxoxa ngendlelaxhuma ngokomzwelo nabazali abangabazayo”Ekuthumeleni kwabo imiyalezo ukukhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, ngokusho kuka imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know. 

Amaqembu amabili embonini, Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, wahlela imicimbi yokuqeqesha imiyalezo, futhi wathi uxhaso luqhamuka emithonjeni kahulumeni, eyezemfundo neyemboni; kodwa, ngokusho kokubika ku-Okuqhubekayo, imithombo engeyona eyemboni yenqabile ukuxhasa ngezimali imicimbi futhi okuwukuphela komthombo olandelwayo wezimali kwakuyiqembu lezimboni zezibulala-zinambuzane i-CBI, elachitha imali engaphezu kwamaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-300,000 kulezi zingqungquthela zombili. 

8. UCoca-Cola wazama ngasese ukuthonya izintatheli zezokwelapha nezesayensi

Imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know futhi kubika iBMJ khombisa ukuthi iCoca-Cola yaxhasa kanjani izingqungquthela zobuntatheli eyunivesithi yase-US ngemizamo yokwakha izindaba ezinhle zeziphuzo ezinoshukela. Lapho bephonswa inselelo mayelana nokuxhaswa ngochungechunge lwezingqungquthela, izifundiswa ezithintekayo bezingenalo iqiniso ngokubandakanyeka kwemboni. 

9. ICoca Cola yazibona “isempini” nomphakathi wezempilo womphakathi ngenxa yokukhuluphala 

Enye indatshana eyabhalwa nguGary Ruskin wase-USRTK ku Ijenali ye-Epidemiology kanye neMpilo Yomphakathi wembula ukuthi uCoca-Cola uzibona kanjani “esempini” “nomphakathi wezempilo womphakathi.” Ama-imeyili abuye aveze imicabango yenkampani yokuthi ingabhekana kanjani nezinkinga eziphathelene nokukhuluphala nokuzibophezela kule nkinga yezempilo yomphakathi; ukuthola okuningi bheka indatshana kaRuskin ku Izindaba Zempilo Yezemvelo nezinye izindatshana zephephabhuku ezibhalwe ngokuhlanganyela yi-USRTK ku ikhasi lethu Lomsebenzi Wezemfundo. 

10. Inqwaba yezifundiswa nezinye izimboni ezixhumene nazo zixhumanisa imiyalezo yazo nezinkampani ze-agrichemical kanye nama-PR operatives abo

Imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know iveza amaqiniso angakaze abikwe ngaphambili ngamaqembu angaphambili, izifundiswa, kanye nabanye abahlanganyeli bezinkampani zokubulala izinambuzane kanye nezokudla abathembele kuzo ukukhuthaza ubudlelwane babo bomphakathi kanye nezinhlelo zokunxenxa. I-USRTK inikeza imininingwane eningiliziwe yamaphepha mayelana nabalingani abangaphezulu kweshumi nambili abahola eceleni ababonakala bezimele, kepha basebenza eduze nezinkampani kanye namafemu abo e-PR kwimilayezo ehlanganisiwe ye-pro-industry. Bona iphepha lethu lamaqiniso, Ukulandelela i-Agrichemical Industry Propaganda Network. 

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