Izibopho zomkhakha wezolimo zikaStuart Smyth nezimali

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UStuart Smyth, PhD, ukhuthaza futhi avikele ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane njengoprofesa osebenzisana naye eMnyangweni Wezolimo Nezinsizakusebenza eNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan. Kusukela ngo-2014, ubephethe uSihlalo Wocwaningo Oxhaswa Ngezimboni e-Agri-Food Innovation.

Imali yezimboni

Abaxhasi (abachazwe ngokuthi "Ozakwethu abatshala imali") kwesikhundla sikasihlalo wocwaningo lukaSmyth kufaka iBayer CropScience Canada, iCropLife Canada, iMonsanto Canada, iSaskatchewan Canola Development Commission (SaskCanola) neSyngenta Canada. Ngokusho kwe- U yewebhusayithi ye-S, "Inhloso yalo Sihlalo ukubhekana nezinkinga maqondana nokusetshenziswa kwemithetho njengezithiyo zokuhweba zamazwe omhlaba ezinamathuba amakhulu okuba nomthelela omubi ekuvikelekeni kokudla ngokuvimba abalimi bezwe abasathuthuka ekutholeni amathuluzi ahlukahlukene agcwele. Ucwaningo olwenziwe kuSihlalo luzohlinzeka le mboni ngocwaningo kusuka kokungathathi hlangothi, kepha oluzobamba izintshisekelo zemboni njengezihamba phambili. ” Izinkampani ezixhasa ngemali zihlala esihlalweniIkomidi Eleluleka Ababambiqhaza”Kusungulwe" ukuhlinzeka ukugeleza kwezindlela ezimbili zolwazi, ukuqonda kanye nempendulo phakathi kukasihlalo nabalingani abatshala imali. "

Ucwaningo lukahulumeni nolwangasese

Ucwaningo lukaDkt Smyth lugxile “ekusimameni, ezolimo, emisha kanye nokudla.” Ku-2015, wayeyingxenye yeqembu elikhulu lososayensi e-U of S abathole u- $ 37 wezigidi ku- Isikhwama Sokucwaninga Sokuqala saseCanada, uhlelo lwesibonelelo sikahulumeni, oluhlose ukuklama izitshalo ukuze “kuthuthukiswe ukuphepha kokudla emhlabeni wonke.” I- amaqembu ocwaningo asebenza ngaphansi kobuholi be i-Global Institute for Food Security (GIFS), a ukusebenzisana komphakathi nezizimele okubandakanya iNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan, uHulumeni waseSaskatchewan noNutrien, ongomunye wabakhiqizi abakhulu bemikhiqizo kamanyolo. Ngaphansi kwesiqubulo esithi "ukondla ikusasa," uNutrien imaketha imikhiqizo yayo yamakhemikhali njengokubaluleke kakhulu ekuvikelekeni kokudla.

Umnikelo waminyaka yonke ovela eMonsanto

Ku-imeyili kaMeyi 13, 2016, UMqondisi Wezindaba Zomphakathi Nezimboni eMonsanto Canada ucele uDkt Smyth ukuthi athumele i-invoice "yomnikelo walo nyaka" wokuxhaswa kohlelo.

Ukusebenzisana kwemboni

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know akhombisa ukuthi uDkt Smyth uhlanganyele kanjani ekuthumeleni imiyalezo nezinkampani zezolimo kanye nabalingani bemboni.

Ukuhlazisa i-IARC: Ku-imeyili kaMeyi 2016, UDkt. Smyth wazise abasebenzi baseMonsanto ukuthi ufake isicelo semininingwane kwi-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ukuthola isethulo esinikezwe nguChris Portier, usosayensi weqembu elisebenzayo le-IARC elithole ukuthi i-glyphosate iyingozi yomdlavuza womuntu. Imibhalo yangaphakathi futhi imboni yezokuxhumana khombisa ukuthi isu elibalulekile likaMonsanto lokuvikela i-glyphosate kwakungukuthi ukuhlasela okuhlasela i-IARC, futhi ikakhulukazi uDkt Portier.

Ku-imeyili eya kuMonsanto, uDkt. Smyth uthe ulindele ukuthi imininingwane azama ukuyithola ingahlinzeka "ngezizathu ezisobala zokungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo kanye nokungabi sobala." Uxhumanise ne-blog yi- "Risk Monger" (UDavid Zaruk, owayekade eyi-pesticide umkhakha we-lobbyist) esola ukungaziphathi kahle e-IARC futhi efuna ukuhoxiswa kombiko wayo we-glyphosate. KuTwitter, uDkt Smyth ucele ohulumeni bamazwe ukuthi bayeke ukuxhasa i-WHO ejensi yocwaningo lomdlavuza.

Ukunikela ngamaslayidi eMonsanto ukuze ahlelwe: Phakathi ku Novemba 2016 i-imeyili, UDkt. Smyth ubuze abasebenzi baseMonsanto ukuthi ngabe baneziphakamiso zokuthuthuka yini kuma-slides akhe okusalungiswa ukuze bethulwe emhlanganweni we-Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture. IICA ukubambisana we-Microsoft, Bayer, Corteva Agrisciences (DowDuPont) kanye ne-Costa Rica Ministry of Science ukukhuthaza ezobuchwepheshe njengesixazululo sokuthuthukiswa kwezolimo ezindaweni zasemakhaya.

Ukunikezwa kwephrojekthi ye-BASF / CropLife: In Februwari 2016 ama-imeyili, Umqondisi Wezebhizinisi we-BASF Wezokuvikelwa Kwezitshalo wafinyelela kuDkt Smyth ukuze baxoxe “ngeprojekthi encane esisebenza kuyo ngaphakathi kweCropLife Canada engingathanda ukuyifunda nawe.” UDkt. Smyth uvumile ukusetha umhlangano futhi uqaphele ukuthi "useBerlin ukuzokhuluma engqungqutheleni yokuphepha kokudla mayelana nezingozi zokudla ukudla okuphilayo nokuthi imboni yezimboni idinga ukwethembeka kanjani kubathengi mayelana nokuthi ukudla okuphilayo kukhiqizwa kanjani."

Ukukhuthaza ama-GMO kubathengi bokudla: Ngo-Agasti 2016, UCami Ryan waseMonsanto wazise uDkt.Smyth ukuthi wamphakamisela indawo yokukhuluma engqungqutheleni ezoxoxa ngemiphumela yokususa noma ukusebenzisa ama-GMO amancane esixukwini sabakhiqizi bokudla, abathengi abakhulu bokudla kanye namabhange okutshala imali.

Ukukhetha ukuphuma ku-biosafety: Ku-imeyili kaJulayi 2016 shintshanisa nombhali ovela ku- Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (iqembu eliphambili elixhaswe ngezimboni), uDkt. Smyth uxoxe ngesethulo ayesenzile mayelana nokuvikeleka kokudla emhlabeni wonke "ethi iCanada kanye ne-US badinga ukusiza amazwe ukuthi aphume Esivumelwaneni seCagagena mayelana ne-Biosafety nokuthi sidinga ukubiyela iYurophu ukuhweba ngezimpahla zomhlaba wonke. ”

Izingxabano ezingachazwanga

UDkt Smyth kanye neNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan badalula kuwebhusayithi ukuthi isikhundla sikaSihlalo sikaDkt Smyth sithola uxhaso lwezimboni zezolimo, kepha uDkt Smyth akahlali edalula imali yakhe yezimboni emaphepheni akhe ezifundo nasekuxhumaneni nomphakathi.

Kusuka a Iphepha le-2020 wabhala ngokubambisana ngemithethonqubo ye-biotechnology: "Sifisa ukuqinisekisa ukuthi azikho izingxabano ezaziwayo ezithinta le ncwadi"

Enye Iphepha le-2020 wabhala ngokubambisana ngokuphepha kokudla kanye nokuhlolwa kobungozi: "Ababhali baveza ukuthi abanazintshisekelo zezimali ezincintisanayo noma ubudlelwano bomuntu siqu obekungabonakala kuthonya umsebenzi obikwe kuleli phepha."

Phakathi ku Iphepha le-2019 enesihloko esithi, "Impilo yabantu iyazuza ezitshalweni ze-GM," kubhala uDkt. Smyth, "Angimemezeli ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo."

A Iphepha le-2018 kwiNew Phytologist Trust imemezele ukuthi "Azikho izingxabano ezingaba khona zentshisekelo ezidaluliwe."

A Iphepha le-2018 eFrontiers in Plant Science ithi, "Ababhali baveza ukuthi ucwaningo lwenziwa bungekho ubudlelwano bezohwebo noma bezezimali obungathathwa njengokuphikisana kwezintshisekelo okungaba khona."

Abezindaba abahlale bedalula uxhaso lwezimboni lukaDkt Smyth. Ngo-Mashi 2019, ngemuva nje kokuthi ijaji lomfelandawonye linikeze u- $ 80 wezigidi isisulu somdlavuza esidalulwe ku-Mousanto's glyphosate-based Roundup herbicide, uDkt. Smyth kuphikisana neNewsweek leyo glyphosate akufanele ivinjelwe. I-Newsweek yehlulekile ukudalula ukuxhumana kwezimboni kukaSmyth nombhali wakhe, UHenry I. Miller, kodwa kamuva wavuma ukuthi “ukuxhumana kwabo nemboni yezolimo kanye neMonsanto kwakufanele kudalulwe.”

Imiyalezo yezimboni

UDkt Smyth ukhiqiza ukusakazeka okungaguquki kwamabhulogi, ukubonakala kwemidiya kanye okuthunyelwe kwezokuxhumana ukugqugquzela nokuvikela imikhiqizo yezolimo nokuphikisana nemithetho. Ku-his Ibhulogi le-SaiFood, UDkt.Smyth uthinta izinzuzo zemfundiso yezitshalo ze-GMO futhi akhuthaze i-glyphosate njengoba kudingeka futhi iphephile, kwesinye isikhathi esebenzisa izinhlolovo zabafundi njengohlaka lokukhuthaza ukubukwa kwemboni.

Ibhulogi iyona moto eyinhloko yokuxhumana uDkt Smyth eyakhelwe isikhundla sakhe sikasihlalo wocwaningo, ngokusho kwenothi yokubonga wathumela eMonsanto, eSyngenta naseBayer ngoNovemba 2016, ebazisa ukuthi ibhulogi yakhe ivotelwe njengenye yamabhulogi angama-50 aphezulu eNyakatho Melika. "Ngaphandle kokwesekwa kwakho kulolu cwaningo, akukho kulokhu obekuzokwenzeka," kubhala uDkt Smyth.

Ku-Twitter, uDkt Smyth ukhuthaza ababhali be-PR bezimboni namaqembu aphambili embonini njenge Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo nokuhlaselwa njalo ama-NGO ezemvelo futhi umkhakha wezinto eziphilayo. Uye wathi, ngokwesibonelo, ukuthi "ubuthi bemvelo bamakhemikhali emvelo ephakeme kakhulu kunaleyo yezimboni, ”Nokuthi,“ Ukudla okungokwemvelo akunakwethenjwa noma kuphi, kungukudla kungenzeka ukubabulala labo ngubani odlayo. ”

Imininingwane engaphezulu ngobudlelwano bomphakathi obuhlangene

Ngeminye imininingwane yokuthi izinkampani zezolimo zixhasa kanjani izinhlelo ezahlukahlukene eCanada ukukhuthaza ukwamukelwa komphakathi kwezimbewu nezakhi zezolimo ezenziwe ngobunjiniyela, bheka lokhu okuthunyelwe ICanada Biotechnology Action Network ku-Corporate Public Relations.