Imibono Yesipho: Izincwadi ezihamba phambili ze-2019 nama-Movie Mayelana Nesistimu Yethu Yokudla 

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Uma uthanda ukunika abangani nomndeni isipho solwazi ngokudla kwethu, silapha ngezincomo zezincwadi nama-movie ka-2019 akhanyisa izingqinamba eziseduze nezinhliziyo zethu. E-US Right to Know, sikholelwa ukuthi ukwenza izinto obala - ezimakethe nakwezepolitiki - kubalulekile ekwakheni uhlelo lokudla okunempilo lwezingane zethu, imindeni yethu kanye nomhlaba wethu. I-Kudos kwizintatheli nabenzi bamafilimu abadalula ukuthi izintshisekelo ezinamandla zokudla nezimboni zamakhemikhali ziyithinta kanjani impilo yethu kanye nemvelo. 

Nazi izincomo zethu zezincwadi zokudla nezama-movie ezihamba phambili. Ungathola futhi ikhophi esayiniwe yencwadi ewine imiklomelo yango-2017 nguzakwethu, uCarey Gillam, I-Whitewash: Indaba Yombulali Wokhula, Umdlavuza Nenkohlakalo Yesayensi, ngenyanga umnikelo wesondlo ku-US Right to Know ngo-Patreon, noma ungakwazi nikela ngqo ku-USRTK lapha.  

Ukudla Kusasa: Ibhizinisi lezolimo, Abalimi Bomndeni, kanye neMpi Yekusasa Lokudla
NguTimothy A. Wise, I-New Press

"Kungenzeka aqale isiphepho emikhakheni yezolimo nentuthuko"

ye-Scholar UThimothewu A. Ohlakaniphile,  kukhombisa ukuthi umhlaba usuvele unamathuluzi okuzondla ngokwawo, ngaphandle kokunweba ezolimo zezimboni noma ukwamukela imbewu eguqulwe izakhi zofuzo. Ukubika okuvela e-Afrika, eMexico, e-India nase-United States, uWise uchaza imininingwane ngokuthi ibhizinisi lezolimo kanye nabagqugquzeli balo abasiza umphakathi kudunwe izinqubomgomo zokudla ukondla izintshisekelo zebhizinisi, futhi uthi izinqubomgomo eziphakanyiswe yiGates Foundation exhaswa ngemali yi-Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) ukwehluleka ukuletha umkhiqizo nokuthuthukiswa kwemali engenayo kubalimi abasafufusa e-Afrika. UWise uphinde ahambise abafundi ezigodini ezikude ukuze babone ukuthi abalimi bayakha kanjani inhlabathi ngemikhuba ezwakalayo ngokwemvelo ngaphandle kwamakhemikhali noma i-hybrid engenisiwe noma imbewu eyenziwe ngofuzo.  

“Amakhulu ezigidigidi zamadola asetshenziselwe ukuxhasa umanyolo kanye nenzalo yezinhlamvu ezihlanganisiwe okwenziwe yiKenya namanye amazwe ase-Afrika eminyakeni embalwa edlule sekuphelile, kusho incwadi entsha,” kubhala uJulius Segei ephephandabeni elizimele laseKenya, i Isizwe Semihla ngemihla. "Isinqumo sesazi sokuthi abukho ubufakazi obuncane bokuthi kukhona uguquko oluhlaza oluza e-Afrika eminyakeni engaphezu kweyishumi ngemuva kokuthi i-AGRA kungenzeka ihlasele isiphepho emikhakheni yezolimo nentuthuko."

Ukunqoba Kokungabaza: Imali Emnyama kanye neSayensi Yenkohliso
NguDavid Michaels, I-Oxford University Press (iyatholakala ngoJanuwari 2020)

Incwadi entsha kaDavid Michaels inikeza umbono wangaphakathi wokuthi izinkampani zikwenza kanjani ukungabaza kwezesayensi: izifundo mbumbulu, ubufakazi benhlangano, imibhalo yenqubomgomo yamatangi okucabanga, nokuningi. Uhlinzeka ngemininingwane emisha yamacala aphezulu abandakanya ukukhiqizwa kwezimoto, imidlalo yezobuchwepheshe, ukudla esikudlayo nomoya esiwuphefumulayo. UMichaels, owayenguMsizi kaNobhala Wezabasebenzi ngaphansi kukaMongameli uBarack Obama, ubhala ukuthi izinqubomgomo ezilwa nesayensi zeTrump Administration azizintsha, kepha kunalokho imiphumela yemikhankaso ethathe amashumi eminyaka yezimboni zikagwayi nezimbiwa ezimbiwa phansi zokunqanda ukulawulwa kwemikhiqizo ebulalayo . "Le ncwadi ibhalelwe ukukuthukuthelisa ngokwanele ukuba ufune ukufunda ukuthi ungazivikela kanjani, uvikele imiphakathi yakho kanye neplanethi yethu esengozini," kubhala ummeli wabathengi uRalph Nader. "Mayikubambe ekubambeni nasekuphikiseni." 

Amanzi Amnyama, isici sefilimu kumatiyetha manje, lapho kudlala khona Mark Ruffalo, (isixhumanisi se-trailer)

Amanzi Amnyama aguqulwe kusuka kulo 2016 I-New York Times nguNathaniel Rich

Ummeli oqinile, URob Billott, wembula imfihlo emnyama exhumanisa inani elandayo lokufa okungaqondakali kwenye yezinkampani ezinkulu emhlabeni. Njengoba ifilimu ikhombisa, iDuPont ibibazi ubungozi bezithako zayo zeTeflon iminyaka eminingi. Ngenkathi ezama ukudalula iqiniso, kungekudala uBilot uzithola ebeka engcupheni ikusasa lakhe, umndeni wakhe kanye nempilo yakhe.

Kulezi zinhlobo zama-movie, "uyazi ukuthi uzobona indaba yokuthi izinto zimbi kangakanani ngenxa yethonya lezinkampani kuhulumeni kanye nakwezomnotho," kubhala umgxeki wama-movie uRoger Ebert, “Kodwa izinga lenkohlakalo lisashaqisa, kugqamisa umbuzo ocacile: kungani silwa, uma abantu ababi sebenqobile? Impendulo-ke ukuthi kufanele ulwe ngoba kuyinto efanele ukwenziwa. ” I-Dark Waters “iwumshini osebenzayo wokuthukuthela,” kubhala uMichael O'Sullivan eWashington Post, kodwa ibhayisikobho “ayifisi ukuba yinto okungeyona. NjengoBilott uqobo, wenza umsebenzi, hhayi ngokubukisa, kodwa ngokubeka amaqiniso. ” 

Ukudla Kwezingane: Inselelo Yokondla Izingane Emhlabeni Ocutshungulwa Kakhulu
NguBettina Elias Siegel, I-Oxford University Press

UBetina Elias Siegel, izwi elihamba phambili ekudleni kwezingane, lihlaziya ngokuhlolisisa ukuthi isiko lokudla laseMelika lixhaphaza kanjani izingane futhi lidukisa abazali. I-Siegel idalula izindlela zokwakha izimboni zokudla zokumaketha ngqo ezinganeni futhi iqinisekise abazali ukuthi imikhiqizo esetshenzwe kakhulu "inempilo." Uhlinzeka kabanzi ngezinhlelo zaseMelika zokudla ezikoleni - kufaka phakathi ukuthi kungani, noma ngemuva kwezinguquko zesikhathi sika-Obama, ukudla ezikoleni kusalokhu kulawulwa ukudla okucutshungulwayo, iningi lazo liphethe izimpawu zokuthengisa ezithandwayo zokudla okungenamsoco. "Lo ngumbhalo obhalwe phansi, osuka enhliziyweni futhi ophoqelela kakhulu ukuthi kungani kumele senze kangcono ekunikezeni izingane zethu ukudla okunempilo ekhaya, ezikoleni, nasenkundleni yebhola likanobhutshuzwayo," Kubhala uMarion Nestle, uprofesa wezokudla, izifundo zokudla kanye nempilo yomphakathi eNew York University. "Kufanele kusikhuthaze sonke ukuthi sibe matasa futhi siqale ukukhuthaza izinqubomgomo ezingcono zokudla kwezingane - njengamanje."

Kushintshiwe: Uhambo lomthandi wokudla oluya kuma-GMO
Ngu-Aube Giroux, idokhumentari yobude besici isiyatholakala ukuthi ithengwe noma iqashwe ku-inthanethi

Kule dokhumentari enhle, ehambayo, ewine imiklomelo, umenzi wefilimu u-Aube Giroux nonina baqala uhambo lokuphenya ukuze bathole ukuthi kungani ama-GMO engafakwanga ilebula emikhiqizweni yokudla e-United States naseCanada, yize ebhalwe emazweni angama-64 emhlabeni jikelele. Ifaka ezomuntu siqu nezombusazwe, ifilimu igxile ebudlelwaneni bomenzi wefilimu nonina, umlimi wasengadini kanye nesishoshovu sokudla esalwa nomdlavuza ngesikhathi kwenziwa ifilimu. Kushukunyiswa uthando lwabo oluhlanganyelwe lokudla, ithimba lomama nendodakazi lithola ukuthi imboni yezamabhizinisi ezolimo ilawula kangakanani izinqubomgomo zethu zokudla, futhi yenza icala eliqinile lohlelo lokudla olusobala nolusimeme. Owinile ama-Audience Favorite Awards amane kanye ne-2019 James Beard Foundation Broadcast Media Award ye-documentary ehamba phambili, i-Modified is “muhle ngaphandle kwamagama… uyaphoqelela futhi unozwela, ”Kubhala intatheli uJoan Baxter.

Futhi le monde devint silencieux: Beka amazwana ku-détruit les insectes
Futhi Umhlaba Wathula: I-Agrochemistry Yabhubhisa Kanjani Izinambuzane
nguStéphane Foucart, Ama-editions du Seuil (ngesiFulentshi)

Intatheli ephenyayo UStephane Foucart Imininingwane yokuthi imboni yezolimo yahlela kanjani "inhlekelele enkulu kakhulu yemvelo ekuqaleni kwekhulu lamashumi amabili nanye" - ukuwa kwezinambuzane. Yize izinkampani zezibulala-zinambuzane zithi ukunyamalala kwezinambuzane kuyindida ngenxa yezici eziningi, i-Foucart ibika ukuthi imbangela enkulu ukusetshenziswa okukhulu kwezibulala-zinambuzane ze-neonicotinoid, futhi kukhombisa ukuthi kwenziwa kanjani ukuthi kube nemboni eyenza inkulumompikiswano yomphakathi ngokusebenzisa isayensi, umthethonqubo kanye ubuchwepheshe. Le ncwadi ikhombisa ukuthi le mboni yaxhaphaza kanjani isayensi kwaze kwaba seqophelweni lokuthi “isenze sikhohlwe ukuthi ama-insecticide… abulala izinambuzane,” kubhala u-Annabelle Martella eLa Croix (ukubuyekeza ngesiFulentshi).

UFoucart uwine i-2018 European Press Prize yokubika ngophenyo, kanye noStéphane Horel, wabo Amaphepha eMonsanto (ahunyushelwe esiNgisini lapha) izindatshana ezimayelana nokuthi isayensi isetshenziswe kanjani yiMonsanto, ithonye kanjani inqubo yokulawula futhi yahlela imikhankaso ye-PR yokuvikela ukuvikela ukhula lwayo lweRoundup. 

UWilted: Amagciwane, Amakhemikhali, kanye neFuture future of the Strawberry Industry
NguJulie Guthman, I-University of California Press

UJulie Guthman ulandisa indaba yokuthi ama-strawberry - isivuno sesithupha esinezinga eliphakeme kunazo zonke eCalifornia esikhiqiza amaphesenti angama-88 amajikijolo owathandayo esizweni - athembele ezintuthweni ezinobuthi ezinobuthi kakhulu, nokuthi ukuthembela lokho kwagcizelela kanjani kulo lonke uhlelo lokukhiqiza izithelo. Izimo ezithile zezitshalo, inhlabathi, amakhemikhali, isimo sezulu, kanye nemizimba yokusebenza ebikade yenza ukukhiqizwa kwama-sitrobheli kube yinzuzo kangaka eGolden State manje seyishintshile futhi yaba yisethi yezinsongo ezihlobene ezifaka ikusasa lemboni engcupheni. "Isimo esibucayi embonini yama-sitrobheli siyisibonelo esisodwa sendlela isu lethu lokulawula izinhlelo zemvelo nokugxila ekukhuphukeni kokukhishwa kwemali ngazo zonke izindlela libukeka kancane, ngokuncipha kwembuyiselo," kubhala u-Emily Monosson kwiphephandaba. Ukubuyekezwa komagazini weSayensi. "Imizamo yakamuva yokusebenza nezinhlelo zemvelo kunokuphikisana nezinhlelo zemvelo iphakamisa indlela eya phambili."

Ama-GMO aKhethiwe: Umbono Wokungabaza Ngokudla Okushintshwe Ngokofuzo
NguSheldon Krimsky, Cindezela MIT

UProfessor Sheldon Krimsky uhlola ukukhathazeka kwezempilo nokuphepha, izingqinamba zezemvelo, imiphumela yendlala emhlabeni, kanye nokuntuleka kokuvumelana kwesayensi ngamaGMO (izidalwa eziguqulwe izakhi zofuzo). Uhlola imibono yezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zokungabaza nge-GMO, kusuka emaqenjini abamele umphakathi kanye nezinhlangano ezingekho ngaphansi kukahulumeni kuye kososayensi abanemibono engafani ngobungozi nomthelela kwezemvelo. Abashicileli Masonto onke babiza incwadi kaKrimsky “incwadi engachemile, efundisayo” “ebeka 'izimangalo eziphikisayo neziphikisayo,' ifakazela isayensi, futhi ikhombisa lapho kunokuvumelana khona, ukungavumelani okuqotho, noma ukungaqiniseki okungaxazululiwe.” UProfesa we-NYU uMarion Nestle uchaza le ncwadi "njengesipho kunoma ngubani odidekile" ngama-GMO.

Futhi izincwadi ezimbili zokudla ezinhle kakhulu ezivela ku-2018

Imbewu Yokumelana: Impi Yokonga Ukuhlinzekwa Kwethu Kokudla
NguMark Schapiro, Ukushicilelwa kwe-Skyhorse

intatheli UMark Schapiro ibika ngempi esezingeni eliphezulu eqhubekayo yokulawulwa kwembewu yomhlaba, njengoba ukushintsha kwesimo sezulu kusongela ukuvikeleka kokuphakelwa kwethu kokudla. USchapiro uphenya ukuthi kusho ukuthini ukuthi ngaphezu kwengxenye yembewu yezentengiselwano yomhlaba iphethwe yizinkampani zamakhemikhali ezintathu zamazwe omhlaba, futhi ukuveza obala lokho ukuklinywa kwenkampani okwenzayo ekudleni kwethu kwansuku zonke - kusukela ekuqhumeni kokudla okushintshwe izakhi zofuzo, kuya ekunyamalaleni okusheshayo kwesitshalo izinhlobonhlobo, ekuqedeni abalimi abazimele asebenesikhathi eside bemba ukudla kwethu. Le ncwadi ibuye ibhale izindaba ezimibalabala nezimangazayo ezivela enhlanganweni yomhlaba edelela lezi zinkampani, futhi inikeze ezinye izindlela ezikwazi ukusinda ezinguqukweni zezulu ezisheshayo. “Imbewu Yokumelana nayo iwukuvuka,” kubhala u-Alice Waters, umsunguli weChez Panisse kanye ne-Edible Schoolyard. "Ngezindaba ezicacile nezingasoze zalibaleka, uMark Schapiro usitshela ukuthi imbewu ihamba kanjani phambili empini yethu yokudla okunempilo."

Phambilini Bekwaziwa Ukudla: Indlela Uhlelo Lokudla Lwezimboni Oluguqula Ngayo Imicabango, Imizimba Namasiko
NguKristin Lawless, Iphephandaba iSt Martin's Press

Uma ucabanga ukuthi ukuthenga okuphilayo kwi-Whole Foods kukuvikela, wenza iphutha. Ukudla kwethu — ngisho noma sitshelwa ukuthi kusilungele — kushintshe kwaba kubi kakhulu eminyakeni eyikhulu eyedlule, okuqukethwe kokudla okunomsoco konakala ngenxa yokulima kwezimboni nokwakheka kwaso kuguquliwe ngenxa yokwengezwa kwezinkulungwane zamakhemikhali asuka emithini yokubulala izinambuzane eya emaphaketheni. Simane nje asisakwazi ukuthi sidlani. Ku- Phambilini Kwaziwa Ngokudla, UKristin ongenamthetho uphikisa ngokuthi, ngenxa yokwehla kokudla kwethu, imizimba yethu ishintsha ngokoqobo kusuka ngaphakathi kuya ngaphandle. Imboni yokudla eyizigidigidi ibumba kabusha ukudla esikuthandayo, iguqula ubuchopho bethu, iguqule ukwakheka kwe-microbiota yethu, futhi ithinte nokuvezwa kwezakhi zethu zofuzo.

Umbhali uNaomi Klein uyabhala: “Kulolu cwaningo olwembuliwe lwezingozi zohlelo lokudla ezimbonini, abakwa-Lawless banikela ngamathuluzi abalulekile okukuhambisa ngokuphepha. "Abangcono kakhulu abahlangene nezeluleko zokuthenga: usicela ukuba sicabange ngokuphelele ngokudla, ukuthi kungani kungahlukaniswa neminye imizabalazo yezobulungiswa, nokuthi kusho ukuthini ukufuna ushintsho oluguqulayo."