Imibono Yesipho: Izincwadi ezihamba phambili ze-2019 nama-Movie Mayelana Nesistimu Yethu Yokudla 

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Uma uthanda ukunika abangani nomndeni isipho solwazi ngokudla kwethu, silapha ngezincomo zezincwadi nama-movie ka-2019 akhanyisa izingqinamba eziseduze nezinhliziyo zethu. E-US Right to Know, sikholelwa ukuthi ukwenza izinto obala - ezimakethe nakwezepolitiki - kubalulekile ekwakheni uhlelo lokudla okunempilo lwezingane zethu, imindeni yethu kanye nomhlaba wethu. I-Kudos kwizintatheli nabenzi bamafilimu abadalula ukuthi izintshisekelo ezinamandla zokudla nezimboni zamakhemikhali ziyithinta kanjani impilo yethu kanye nemvelo. 

Nazi izincomo zethu zezincwadi zokudla nezama-movie ezihamba phambili. Ungathola futhi ikhophi esayiniwe yencwadi ewine imiklomelo yango-2017 nguzakwethu, uCarey Gillam, I-Whitewash: Indaba Yombulali Wokhula, Umdlavuza Nenkohlakalo Yesayensi, ngenyanga umnikelo wesondlo ku-US Right to Know ngo-Patreon, noma ungakwazi nikela ngqo ku-USRTK lapha.  

Ukudla Kusasa: Ibhizinisi lezolimo, Abalimi Bomndeni, kanye neMpi Yekusasa Lokudla
NguTimothy A. Wise, I-New Press

"Kungenzeka aqale isiphepho emikhakheni yezolimo nentuthuko"

ye-Scholar UThimothewu A. Ohlakaniphile,  kukhombisa ukuthi umhlaba usuvele unamathuluzi okuzondla ngokwawo, ngaphandle kokunweba ezolimo zezimboni noma ukwamukela imbewu eguqulwe izakhi zofuzo. Ukubika okuvela e-Afrika, eMexico, e-India nase-United States, uWise uchaza imininingwane ngokuthi ibhizinisi lezolimo kanye nabagqugquzeli balo abasiza umphakathi kudunwe izinqubomgomo zokudla ukondla izintshisekelo zebhizinisi, futhi uthi izinqubomgomo eziphakanyiswe yiGates Foundation exhaswa ngemali yi-Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) ukwehluleka ukuletha umkhiqizo nokuthuthukiswa kwemali engenayo kubalimi abasafufusa e-Afrika. UWise uphinde ahambise abafundi ezigodini ezikude ukuze babone ukuthi abalimi bayakha kanjani inhlabathi ngemikhuba ezwakalayo ngokwemvelo ngaphandle kwamakhemikhali noma i-hybrid engenisiwe noma imbewu eyenziwe ngofuzo.  

“Amakhulu ezigidigidi zamadola asetshenziselwe ukuxhasa umanyolo kanye nenzalo yezinhlamvu ezihlanganisiwe okwenziwe yiKenya namanye amazwe ase-Afrika eminyakeni embalwa edlule sekuphelile, kusho incwadi entsha,” kubhala uJulius Segei ephephandabeni elizimele laseKenya, i Isizwe Semihla ngemihla. "Isinqumo sesazi sokuthi abukho ubufakazi obuncane bokuthi kukhona uguquko oluhlaza oluza e-Afrika eminyakeni engaphezu kweyishumi ngemuva kokuthi i-AGRA kungenzeka ihlasele isiphepho emikhakheni yezolimo nentuthuko."

Ukunqoba Kokungabaza: Imali Emnyama kanye neSayensi Yenkohliso
NguDavid Michaels, I-Oxford University Press (iyatholakala ngoJanuwari 2020)

Incwadi entsha kaDavid Michaels inikeza umbono wangaphakathi wokuthi izinkampani zikwenza kanjani ukungabaza kwezesayensi: izifundo mbumbulu, ubufakazi benhlangano, imibhalo yenqubomgomo yamatangi okucabanga, nokuningi. Uhlinzeka ngemininingwane emisha yamacala aphezulu abandakanya ukukhiqizwa kwezimoto, imidlalo yezobuchwepheshe, ukudla esikudlayo nomoya esiwuphefumulayo. UMichaels, owayenguMsizi kaNobhala Wezabasebenzi ngaphansi kukaMongameli uBarack Obama, ubhala ukuthi izinqubomgomo ezilwa nesayensi zeTrump Administration azizintsha, kepha kunalokho imiphumela yemikhankaso ethathe amashumi eminyaka yezimboni zikagwayi nezimbiwa ezimbiwa phansi zokunqanda ukulawulwa kwemikhiqizo ebulalayo . "Le ncwadi ibhalelwe ukukuthukuthelisa ngokwanele ukuba ufune ukufunda ukuthi ungazivikela kanjani, uvikele imiphakathi yakho kanye neplanethi yethu esengozini," kubhala ummeli wabathengi uRalph Nader. "Mayikubambe ekubambeni nasekuphikiseni." 

Amanzi Amnyama, isici sefilimu kumatiyetha manje, lapho kudlala khona Mark Ruffalo, (isixhumanisi se-trailer)

Amanzi Amnyama aguqulwe kusuka kulo 2016 I-New York Times nguNathaniel Rich

Ummeli oqinile, URob Billott, wembula imfihlo emnyama exhumanisa inani elandayo lokufa okungaqondakali kwenye yezinkampani ezinkulu emhlabeni. Njengoba ifilimu ikhombisa, iDuPont ibibazi ubungozi bezithako zayo zeTeflon iminyaka eminingi. Ngenkathi ezama ukudalula iqiniso, kungekudala uBilot uzithola ebeka engcupheni ikusasa lakhe, umndeni wakhe kanye nempilo yakhe.

Kulezi zinhlobo zama-movie, "uyazi ukuthi uzobona indaba yokuthi izinto zimbi kangakanani ngenxa yethonya lezinkampani kuhulumeni kanye nakwezomnotho," kubhala umgxeki wama-movie uRoger Ebert, “Kodwa izinga lenkohlakalo lisashaqisa, kugqamisa umbuzo ocacile: kungani silwa, uma abantu ababi sebenqobile? Impendulo-ke ukuthi kufanele ulwe ngoba kuyinto efanele ukwenziwa. ” I-Dark Waters “iwumshini osebenzayo wokuthukuthela,” kubhala uMichael O'Sullivan eWashington Post, kodwa ibhayisikobho “ayifisi ukuba yinto okungeyona. NjengoBilott uqobo, wenza umsebenzi, hhayi ngokubukisa, kodwa ngokubeka amaqiniso. ” 

Ukudla Kwezingane: Inselelo Yokondla Izingane Emhlabeni Ocutshungulwa Kakhulu
NguBettina Elias Siegel, I-Oxford University Press

UBetina Elias Siegel, izwi elihamba phambili ekudleni kwezingane, lihlaziya ngokuhlolisisa ukuthi isiko lokudla laseMelika lixhaphaza kanjani izingane futhi lidukisa abazali. I-Siegel idalula izindlela zokwakha izimboni zokudla zokumaketha ngqo ezinganeni futhi iqinisekise abazali ukuthi imikhiqizo esetshenzwe kakhulu "inempilo." Uhlinzeka kabanzi ngezinhlelo zaseMelika zokudla ezikoleni - kufaka phakathi ukuthi kungani, noma ngemuva kwezinguquko zesikhathi sika-Obama, ukudla ezikoleni kusalokhu kulawulwa ukudla okucutshungulwayo, iningi lazo liphethe izimpawu zokuthengisa ezithandwayo zokudla okungenamsoco. "Lo ngumbhalo obhalwe phansi, osuka enhliziyweni futhi ophoqelela kakhulu ukuthi kungani kumele senze kangcono ekunikezeni izingane zethu ukudla okunempilo ekhaya, ezikoleni, nasenkundleni yebhola likanobhutshuzwayo," Kubhala uMarion Nestle, uprofesa wezokudla, izifundo zokudla kanye nempilo yomphakathi eNew York University. "Kufanele kusikhuthaze sonke ukuthi sibe matasa futhi siqale ukukhuthaza izinqubomgomo ezingcono zokudla kwezingane - njengamanje."

Kushintshiwe: Uhambo lomthandi wokudla oluya kuma-GMO
Ngu-Aube Giroux, idokhumentari yobude besici isiyatholakala ukuthi ithengwe noma iqashwe ku-inthanethi

Kule dokhumentari enhle, ehambayo, ewine imiklomelo, umenzi wefilimu u-Aube Giroux nonina baqala uhambo lokuphenya ukuze bathole ukuthi kungani ama-GMO engafakwanga ilebula emikhiqizweni yokudla e-United States naseCanada, yize ebhalwe emazweni angama-64 emhlabeni jikelele. Ifaka ezomuntu siqu nezombusazwe, ifilimu igxile ebudlelwaneni bomenzi wefilimu nonina, umlimi wasengadini kanye nesishoshovu sokudla esalwa nomdlavuza ngesikhathi kwenziwa ifilimu. Kushukunyiswa uthando lwabo oluhlanganyelwe lokudla, ithimba lomama nendodakazi lithola ukuthi imboni yezamabhizinisi ezolimo ilawula kangakanani izinqubomgomo zethu zokudla, futhi yenza icala eliqinile lohlelo lokudla olusobala nolusimeme. Owinile ama-Audience Favorite Awards amane kanye ne-2019 James Beard Foundation Broadcast Media Award ye-documentary ehamba phambili, i-Modified is “muhle ngaphandle kwamagama… uyaphoqelela futhi unozwela, ”Kubhala intatheli uJoan Baxter.

Futhi le monde devint silencieux: Beka amazwana ku-détruit les insectes
Futhi Umhlaba Wathula: I-Agrochemistry Yabhubhisa Kanjani Izinambuzane
nguStéphane Foucart, Ama-editions du Seuil (ngesiFulentshi)

Intatheli ephenyayo UStephane Foucart Imininingwane yokuthi imboni yezolimo yahlela kanjani "inhlekelele enkulu kakhulu yemvelo ekuqaleni kwekhulu lamashumi amabili nanye" - ukuwa kwezinambuzane. Yize izinkampani zezibulala-zinambuzane zithi ukunyamalala kwezinambuzane kuyindida ngenxa yezici eziningi, i-Foucart ibika ukuthi imbangela enkulu ukusetshenziswa okukhulu kwezibulala-zinambuzane ze-neonicotinoid, futhi kukhombisa ukuthi kwenziwa kanjani ukuthi kube nemboni eyenza inkulumompikiswano yomphakathi ngokusebenzisa isayensi, umthethonqubo kanye ubuchwepheshe. Le ncwadi ikhombisa ukuthi le mboni yaxhaphaza kanjani isayensi kwaze kwaba seqophelweni lokuthi “isenze sikhohlwe ukuthi ama-insecticide… abulala izinambuzane,” kubhala u-Annabelle Martella eLa Croix (ukubuyekeza ngesiFulentshi).

UFoucart uwine i-2018 European Press Prize yokubika ngophenyo, kanye noStéphane Horel, wabo Amaphepha eMonsanto (ahunyushelwe esiNgisini lapha) izindatshana ezimayelana nokuthi isayensi isetshenziswe kanjani yiMonsanto, ithonye kanjani inqubo yokulawula futhi yahlela imikhankaso ye-PR yokuvikela ukuvikela ukhula lwayo lweRoundup. 

UWilted: Amagciwane, Amakhemikhali, kanye neFuture future of the Strawberry Industry
NguJulie Guthman, I-University of California Press

UJulie Guthman ulandisa indaba yokuthi ama-strawberry - isivuno sesithupha esinezinga eliphakeme kunazo zonke eCalifornia esikhiqiza amaphesenti angama-88 amajikijolo owathandayo esizweni - athembele ezintuthweni ezinobuthi ezinobuthi kakhulu, nokuthi ukuthembela lokho kwagcizelela kanjani kulo lonke uhlelo lokukhiqiza izithelo. Izimo ezithile zezitshalo, inhlabathi, amakhemikhali, isimo sezulu, kanye nemizimba yokusebenza ebikade yenza ukukhiqizwa kwama-sitrobheli kube yinzuzo kangaka eGolden State manje seyishintshile futhi yaba yisethi yezinsongo ezihlobene ezifaka ikusasa lemboni engcupheni. "Isimo esibucayi embonini yama-sitrobheli siyisibonelo esisodwa sendlela isu lethu lokulawula izinhlelo zemvelo nokugxila ekukhuphukeni kokukhishwa kwemali ngazo zonke izindlela libukeka kancane, ngokuncipha kwembuyiselo," kubhala u-Emily Monosson kwiphephandaba. Ukubuyekezwa komagazini weSayensi. "Imizamo yakamuva yokusebenza nezinhlelo zemvelo kunokuphikisana nezinhlelo zemvelo iphakamisa indlela eya phambili."

Ama-GMO aKhethiwe: Umbono Wokungabaza Ngokudla Okushintshwe Ngokofuzo
NguSheldon Krimsky, Cindezela MIT

UProfessor Sheldon Krimsky uhlola ukukhathazeka kwezempilo nokuphepha, izingqinamba zezemvelo, imiphumela yendlala emhlabeni, kanye nokuntuleka kokuvumelana kwesayensi ngamaGMO (izidalwa eziguqulwe izakhi zofuzo). Uhlola imibono yezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zokungabaza nge-GMO, kusuka emaqenjini abamele umphakathi kanye nezinhlangano ezingekho ngaphansi kukahulumeni kuye kososayensi abanemibono engafani ngobungozi nomthelela kwezemvelo. Abashicileli Masonto onke babiza incwadi kaKrimsky “incwadi engachemile, efundisayo” “ebeka 'izimangalo eziphikisayo neziphikisayo,' ifakazela isayensi, futhi ikhombisa lapho kunokuvumelana khona, ukungavumelani okuqotho, noma ukungaqiniseki okungaxazululiwe.” UProfesa we-NYU uMarion Nestle uchaza le ncwadi "njengesipho kunoma ngubani odidekile" ngama-GMO.

Futhi izincwadi ezimbili zokudla ezinhle kakhulu ezivela ku-2018

Imbewu Yokumelana: Impi Yokonga Ukuhlinzekwa Kwethu Kokudla
NguMark Schapiro, Ukushicilelwa kwe-Skyhorse

intatheli UMark Schapiro ibika ngempi esezingeni eliphezulu eqhubekayo yokulawulwa kwembewu yomhlaba, njengoba ukushintsha kwesimo sezulu kusongela ukuvikeleka kokuphakelwa kwethu kokudla. USchapiro uphenya ukuthi kusho ukuthini ukuthi ngaphezu kwengxenye yembewu yezentengiselwano yomhlaba iphethwe yizinkampani zamakhemikhali ezintathu zamazwe omhlaba, futhi ukuveza obala lokho ukuklinywa kwenkampani okwenzayo ekudleni kwethu kwansuku zonke - kusukela ekuqhumeni kokudla okushintshwe izakhi zofuzo, kuya ekunyamalaleni okusheshayo kwesitshalo izinhlobonhlobo, ekuqedeni abalimi abazimele asebenesikhathi eside bemba ukudla kwethu. Le ncwadi ibuye ibhale izindaba ezimibalabala nezimangazayo ezivela enhlanganweni yomhlaba edelela lezi zinkampani, futhi inikeze ezinye izindlela ezikwazi ukusinda ezinguqukweni zezulu ezisheshayo. “Imbewu Yokumelana nayo iwukuvuka,” kubhala u-Alice Waters, umsunguli weChez Panisse kanye ne-Edible Schoolyard. "Ngezindaba ezicacile nezingasoze zalibaleka, uMark Schapiro usitshela ukuthi imbewu ihamba kanjani phambili empini yethu yokudla okunempilo."

Phambilini Bekwaziwa Ukudla: Indlela Uhlelo Lokudla Lwezimboni Oluguqula Ngayo Imicabango, Imizimba Namasiko
NguKristin Lawless, Iphephandaba iSt Martin's Press

Uma ucabanga ukuthi ukuthenga okuphilayo kwi-Whole Foods kukuvikela, wenza iphutha. Ukudla kwethu — ngisho noma sitshelwa ukuthi kusilungele — kushintshe kwaba kubi kakhulu eminyakeni eyikhulu eyedlule, okuqukethwe kokudla okunomsoco konakala ngenxa yokulima kwezimboni nokwakheka kwaso kuguquliwe ngenxa yokwengezwa kwezinkulungwane zamakhemikhali asuka emithini yokubulala izinambuzane eya emaphaketheni. Simane nje asisakwazi ukuthi sidlani. Ku- Phambilini Kwaziwa Ngokudla, UKristin ongenamthetho uphikisa ngokuthi, ngenxa yokwehla kokudla kwethu, imizimba yethu ishintsha ngokoqobo kusuka ngaphakathi kuya ngaphandle. Imboni yokudla eyizigidigidi ibumba kabusha ukudla esikuthandayo, iguqula ubuchopho bethu, iguqule ukwakheka kwe-microbiota yethu, futhi ithinte nokuvezwa kwezakhi zethu zofuzo.

Umbhali uNaomi Klein uyabhala: “Kulolu cwaningo olwembuliwe lwezingozi zohlelo lokudla ezimbonini, abakwa-Lawless banikela ngamathuluzi abalulekile okukuhambisa ngokuphepha. "Abangcono kakhulu abahlangene nezeluleko zokuthenga: usicela ukuba sicabange ngokuphelele ngokudla, ukuthi kungani kungahlukaniswa neminye imizabalazo yezobulungiswa, nokuthi kusho ukuthini ukufuna ushintsho oluguqulayo."  

NgiyiNtatheli. IMonsanto Yakhele Isu Lokucekela Phansi Idumela Lami

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Le ndaba ekuqaleni yangena The Guardian ngo-Agasti 9, 2019

NguCarey Gillam

Njengentatheli esehlanganise izindaba zezinkampani zaseMelika iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-30, kuncane kakhulu okungithusayo mayelana nezinkampani zamasu ezinkulumo-ze ezivame ukuzisebenzisa. Ngiyazi ukuthi izinkampani zengcindezi zingenza futhi zizilethe lapho zizama ukwenza ukwembozwa okuhle futhi zikhawulele ekubikeni ezikubona kukubi ngazo imikhuba yebhizinisi nemikhiqizo.

Kepha ngenkathi ngisanda kuthola amakhasi acishe abe ngu-50 wokuxhumana kwangaphakathi kweMonsanto mayelana nezinhlelo zenkampani zokungihlasela kanye nedumela lami, ngashaqeka.

Ngangazi ukuthi inkampani ayithandi iqiniso lokuthi eminyakeni yami engama-21 yokubika ngomkhakha we-agrochemical - ikakhulukazi iReuters - ngabhala izindaba ezazicaphuna abagxeki kanye nabalandeli bezimbewu ezakhiwe ngofuzo zikaMonsanto. Ngangazi ukuthi inkampani yayingangithandi ukuthi ngibike ngokungakhuli kahle emphakathini wesayensi maqondana nocwaningo oluxhuma ukubulala ukhula kweMonsanto ezinkingeni zezempilo zabantu nezemvelo. Futhi bengazi ukuthi inkampani ayikwamukelanga ukukhishwa kwencwadi yami ngo-2017, I-Whitewash - Indaba Yombulali Wokhula, Umdlavuza Nenkohlakalo Yesayensi, okuveze okwenziwe yinkampani ukucindezela nokusebenzisa isayensi ezungeze ibhizinisi layo lokubulala ukhula.

Kodwa angikaze ngiphuphe ukuthi ngizoqinisekisa uhlelo lwami lokusebenza lweMonsanto…

FUNDA KABANZI:

UCarey Gillam ungumqondisi wezocwaningo wase-US Right to Know, iqembu labacwaningi elingenzi nzuzo eliphenya imboni yokudla. UGillam ubengumbhali wezwe weReuters lapho echithe khona iminyaka eyi-17 ehlanganisa ibhizinisi lezolimo, futhi uhlala ejwayelekile umlobeli wephephandaba eThe Guardian.

Umnqobi Womklomelo KaRachel Carson Wezincwadi: I-Whitewash nguCarey Gillam

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UCarey Gillam “I-Whitewash: Indaba Yombulali Wokhula, Umdlavuza Nenkohlakalo Yesayensi (I-Island Press) ithole ukubuyekezwa okumnandi kusukela kukhishwe okokugcina futhi ithole imiklomelo eminingana yokubika okuvelele:

"Ukushaya kanzima, ukulandisa okuvula amehlo… Impikiswano enamandla yendawo elawula ezolimo ebeka izintshisekelo zomphakathi ngaphezu kwenzuzo yezinkampani. ”  Kirkus Izibuyekezo

"Lokhu yi kumele-kufundelwe wonke umuntu othintekayo ngomthwalo okhulayo wamakhemikhali anobuthi emanzini nokudla, imiphumela yezempilo nezemvelo lapho, kanye nomthelela ezinkampanini kuma-ejensi kahulumeni." Booklist 

“UGillam ngobuchwepheshe ihlanganisa ingxabano phambili lapho ukukhwabanisa kwezinkampani kuhlangana khona nezinkinga zomphakathilth kanye nemvelo. ” Abashicileli Weekly 

"A ukufunda okunesibindi, okucindezelayo kusukela ekuqaleni kuze kube sekugcineni, ikakhulukazi kubafundi abajabulela uhlobo lwe unekhala eliqinile, ukubika kwesikhumba sezicathulo lokho kwakuwuphawu lobuntatheli obukhulu. ” I-Society for Environmental Journalists BookShelf

"Ukuqoqwa okubhalwe phansi kahle kwamaphutha, ukukhwabanisa, ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo, ithonya elingafanele, nezinhlobo ezikhathazayo ze- [PR] endala… Izambulo ziyathukuthela impela." Ukubuyekezwa kwezincwadi zaseLos Angeles 

Bona futhi: Ubufakazi bukaCarey Gillam phambi kwekomidi elihlangene lePhalamende laseYurophu ngomhla ka-10/11/2017 naye ukubika okuvela eDaubert Hearings kuma-Cancer Victims Vs. Isimangalo seMonsanto glyphosate.

Incwadzi Incwadzi

Kungumuthi wokubulala izinambuzane osezingcwecweni zethu zokudla kwakusihlwa, ikhemikhali eligcwele lisemoyeni esiwuphefumulayo, emanzini ethu, enhlabathini yethu, futhi lize litholakale ngokuya ngokwanda emizimbeni yethu. Eyaziwa ngokuthi yi-Roundup kaMonsanto ngabathengi, futhi njenge-glyphosate yososayensi, umbulali wokhula owaziwa kakhulu emhlabeni usetshenziswa yonke indawo kusuka ezingadini zasemuva kuya ezifundweni zegalufu kuya ezigidini zamahektare epulazi. Sekungamashumi eminyaka kuthathwa njengokuphephile ngokwanele ukuphuza, kepha ubufakazi obukhulayo bukhombisa okuphambene nalokho, ngocwaningo lubopha ikhemikhali kumdlavuza nakwezinye izinsongo eziningi zezempilo.

In I-Whitewash, Intatheli emnkantshubomvu uCarey Gillam udalula enye yezindaba ezinempikiswano enkulu emlandweni wezokudla nezolimo, eveza ubufakazi obusha bethonya lezinkampani. UGillam wethula abafundi ngemindeni yasemapulazini ehlukunyezwe wumdlavuza abakholelwa ukuthi ibangelwa yileli khemikhali, nakososayensi abaziwa ngegama labo ngokushicilela ucwaningo oluphikisana nezintshisekelo zebhizinisi. Abafundi bafunda ngokujikiswa kwengalo kwabasayinile abasayine ikhemikhali, benanela iziqinisekiso zenkampani zokuphepha njengoba bevumela izinsalela eziphakeme ze-pesticide ekudleni naseqa izivivinyo zokuhambisana. Futhi, ngemininingwane emangazayo, uGillam wembula ukuxhumana kwezimboni eziyimfihlo okubuyisa ikhethini emizameni yezinkampani yokukhohlisa umbono womphakathi.

I-Whitewash kungaphezu kokudalulwa ngezingozi zekhemikhali elilodwa noma ngisho nethonya lenkampani eyodwa. Yindaba yamandla, ezombusazwe, nemiphumela ebulalayo yokubeka izintshisekelo zebhizinisi ngaphambi kokuphepha komphakathi.

http://careygillam.com/book
Usuku lokushicilelwa ngo-Okthoba 2017

Ikhaya

Ukudumisa okwengeziwe kwe-Whitewash

"Ibhuku kwembula ubucwebe bemikhono yemikhakha yokubulala izinambuzane ukuphatha amaqiniso esayensi ngemikhiqizo yabo ngenkathi bebeka inzuzo ngaphezu kwempilo yabantu kanye nemvelo. Njengomuntu oke wabhekana nezenzo ezifanayo ezinkampanini emsebenzini wami kaningi kakhulu, nginethemba lokuthi incwadi kaCarey izovusa ukucaciseleka kabanzi ngobungozi obuzungeze amakhemikhali amaningi emakethe. ” Erin Brockovich, isishoshovu sezemvelo nombhali

UCarey Gillam unakho aqoqa amaqiniso ngokukhazimulayo futhi ichaza ukuthi iMonsanto nezinye izinkampani zamakhemikhali ezolimo zaqamba amanga kanjani ngemikhiqizo yazo, zahlanganisa imininingwane elimazayo futhi zonakalisa nezikhulu zikahulumeni ukuze zithengise imikhiqizo yazo enobuthi emhlabeni jikelele.  UDavid Schubert, Ph.D., UProfesa kanye neNhloko yeLebhu Lama-Cellular Neurobiology Laboratory eSalk Institute For Biological Study

UCarey Gillam uyisibonelo iqhawe elinesibindi ekubunjweni kukaRachel Carson. Uveze ukuhaha okunonya nokukhwabanisa okuholele ekufakweni kobuthi emhlabeni wethu. UBrian GM Durie, MD Usihlalo we-International Myeloma Foundation, uchwepheshe we-oncology kanye nodokotela oya eCedars-Sinai Medical Center

Ngokwesiko elihle le-Silent Spring, iWhitewash kaCarey Gillam ukudalulwa okunamandla ekhanyisa ikhemikhali - iningi lethu - elingabonakali ngokuphelele nokho elimaza kakhulu imizimba yethu nemvelo yethu. Ukucwaningisiswa okujulile, okukholisa ngokuphelele kwezepolitiki, ezomnotho kanye nemiphumela yezempilo emhlabeni jikelele ebekiwe ekusabalaleni kwe-herbicide ejwayelekile emhlabeni. UGillam wenze lokho zonke izintatheli ezinkulu ezilwela ukukwenza: usenze sabona kahle ukuthi yini ebikade ilungile phambi kwamehlo ethu. Kunconywe kakhulu.  UMcKay Jenkins, umbhali, uProfesa we-English, Journalism kanye ne-Environmental Humanities e-University of Delaware

Umqondisi Wezocwaningo wase-USRTK uCarey Gillam Uthola Umklomelo We-SEJ Wokubika

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Bona okwakamuva kukaCarey Gillam ebika ku-Guardian

Izindaba Release

I-US Right to Know iyajabula ukumemezela lokho KaCarey Gillam incwadi entsha I-Whitewash: Indaba Yombulali Wokhula, Umdlavuza Nenkohlakalo Yesayensi (I-Island Press) ithole umklomelo ohlonishwayo weRachel Carson Book wokudalula amashumi eminyaka ezimfihlo zezinkampani namasu akhohlisayo yizinkampani ezinamandla zezibulala-zinambuzane, nokuthi ukufuna inzuzo kwezinkampani kubaluleke kangakanani kunokuvikela umphakathi.

INhlangano Yezintatheli Zemvelo imemezele lo mklomelo namuhla kanye bonke abaphumelele indawo yokuqala emiklomelweni yaminyaka yonke ye-SEJ 17 yokubika ngemvelo.

Incwadi kaGillam inikeza imininingwane ebalulekile ngemizamo yamanje kaCapitol Hill yokuhlwitha izimali zase-US kwi-International Agency for Research on Cancer, kanye necala lokuqala ngqa lokufuna ukuthi iMonsanto's Roundup herbicide ingadala umdlavuza. I-Whitewash kuqhuma kangangoba uMonsanto ufake isimangalo enkantolo ukuze ingangeniswa njengobufakazi.

UCarey yintatheli ephumelele izindondo echithe iminyaka eyi-17 eReuters ngaphambi kokuba nguMqondisi Wezocwaningo eqenjini labathengi elingenzi nzuzo i-US Right to Know labathengi ngo-2016.

UGillam, ohlala epulazini laseKansas, uchithe isikhathi esiningi somsebenzi wakhe ne-Reuters international agency (ngo-1998 kuya ngasekupheleni kuka-2015) ngaphambi kokuba nguMqondisi Wezocwaningo weqembu labathengi elingenzi nzuzo lase-US Right to Know ngo-2016.

UGillam ubuye abe ngumama ozinikele wezingane ezintathu no-a ummeli okhethekile oqokwe yinkantolo (i-CASA) yezingane ezingezona ezakho. Uthi uthando nokukhathalela kwakhe izingane kungamandla amakhulu okusisiza ukuba abhale futhi acwaninge ngemithelela yezempilo nezemvelo ekukhiqizweni kokudla eMelika. Uchitha isikhathi esiningi ephishekela izicelo zeNkululeko Yolwazi nabalawuli baseMelika futhi usemangalele ngempumelelo i-EPA ukuthola izinkulungwane zemibhalo ezazisa ngomsebenzi wakhe.

UGillam uthi: “Imininingwane, imibhalo yenkampani yangaphakathi kanye nemibhalo yokulawula engiyitholile kule minyaka engama-20 edlule ngicwaninga ngalezi zindaba, izingxoxo zami nabalimi, ososayensi, abalawuli, njll., Konke kwenza kucace ukuthi sakha okujulile inkinga kithi - uhlelo lokudla oluxhomeke kuzibulala-zinambuzane olubeka izizukulwane zethu ezingozini engcupheni. Silahlekelwe umuzwa wokuqapha obudingeka kakhulu, futhi sivumela lokhu kuphishekelwa kwenzuzo ezinkampanini kubaluleke kakhulu kunokuvikela umphakathi. ”

I-US Right to Know yinhlangano engenzi nzuzo esebenza ukuthuthukisa ukusebenza obala kanye nokuziphendulela ohlelweni lokudla lwesizwe. Ngeminye imininingwane mayelana ne-US Right to Know, sicela ubone usrtk.org.

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I-Q & A eno-Carey Gillam ku-Whitewash

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Incwadi kaCarey Gillam iyatholakala kwa-Island Press: I-Whitewash: Indaba Yombulali Wokhula, Umdlavuza, Nenkohlakalo Yesayensi. I-Whitewash bathole Umklomelo we-2018 Rachel Carson Environmental Book kusuka kuNhlangano Yezintatheli Zezemvelo kanye no Umklomelo Wezindondo Zegolide wezi-2018 kusuka kubashicileli abazimele.

Ngokuya ngeminyaka engu-20 yocwaningo kanye nemibhalo eminingi yemikhakha yangaphakathi, I-Whitewash uphenyo olunzima mayelana nesayensi yezolimo esetshenziswa kakhulu emlandweni. Emashumini amaningi eminyaka i-glyphosate inconyiwe njengekhemikhali "eliphephe ngokwanele ukuphuza," kepha ucwaningo olukhulayo lwesayensi lubopha i-glyphosate kumagciwane kanye nezinye izinsongo zezempilo nezemvelo.

I-Whitewash “kufanele kufundwe,” kusho Uhlu Lencwadi.  Kirkus Izibuyekezo izingcingo I-Whitewash "Indaba eshaya kanzima, evula amehlo," kanye "nempikiswano enamandla yendawo yezomthetho ebeka izintshisekelo zomphakathi ngaphezu kwenzuzo yezinkampani." I- Ukubuyekezwa kwencwadi yeNhlangano Yezintatheli Zemvelo ichaza I-Whitewash “njengokufundwa okunesibindi, okuphoqelelayo kusukela ekuqaleni kuze kube sekugcineni, ikakhulukazi kubafundi abathanda uhlobo lokubika okungasali kahle, lwesikhumba sezicathulo okwakuwuphawu lobuntatheli obukhulu.”

Q: Carey, ubulokhu ubika ngemithi yokubulala izinambuzane neMonsanto cishe iminyaka engama-20. Njengentatheli, kungani kwakubalulekile ukubhala incwadi mayelana nesihloko? Kungani manje?

IMP: Ochwepheshe bezempilo emhlabeni wonke bayabona ukuthi izibulala-zinambuzane zinomthelela omkhulu ezinhlobonhlobo zezinkinga zezempilo ezihlupheka abantu beminyaka yonke, kodwa idlanzana lezinkampani ezinamandla futhi ezinethonya liye laqinisekisa abenzi benqubomgomo ukuthi ubungozi empilweni yabantu kanye nezemvelo buphilile kufanele imivuzo elethwa yilezi zimakhemikhali ngokulwa nokhula, izimbungulu, noma izifo zezitshalo. Lezi zinkampani ziyahlanganisa futhi ziba namandla amakhulu, futhi zisebenzisa ithonya lazo ukududula amazinga aphezulu naphezulu emithi yokubulala izinambuzane eyingozi ezimpilweni zethu, kufaka phakathi nohlelo lwethu lokudla. Silahlekelwe umuzwa wokuqapha odinga kakhulu la makhemikhali, futhi imizamo kaMonsanto yokukhuthaza ukusetshenziswa okwandisiwe kwe-glyphosate ingesinye sezibonelo ezinhle kakhulu zokuthi le ndlela yokufuna inzuzo eyinkampani ibaluleke kanjani ngaphezu kokuvikela umphakathi.

Q: Abantu kungenzeka ukuthi abalazi igama elithi "glyphosate" noma "Roundup." Kwenzenjani? Kungani kufanele abantu banakekele?

A: I-Roundup herbicide isimangalo sikaMonsanto sodumo. Ngaphambi kokuthi ilethe izitshalo ezakhiwe ngofuzo emakethe, iMonsanto yayenza futhi ithengise umbulali wokhula weRoundup. IGlyphosate iyisithako esisebenzayo — izinto empeleni ezibulala ukhula — eRoundup. IGlyphosate nayo isiyasetshenziswa emikhiqizweni engamakhulukhulu ejwayele ukusetshenziselwa izinkambu zamapulazi, utshani nezingadi, izinkundla zegalofu, amapaki nezindawo zokudlala. Inkinga ukuthi akuphephile njengoba iMonsanto igcinile, futhi amashumi eminyaka ocwaningo lwesayensi ayixhumanisa nezifo ezahlukahlukene, kufaka phakathi i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

IMonsanto yazi ngalezi zingozi futhi yasebenza kanzima ukuyifihla.

IMonsanto yazi ngalezi zingozi futhi yasebenza kanzima ukuyifihla ngenkathi ithuthukisa ukusetshenziswa okuqhubekayo. Izitshalo zikaMonsanto ezakhiwe ngofuzo zonke zakhelwe ukukhuthaza ukusetshenziswa kwe-glyphosate. Isici esiyinhloko sezakhi zofuzo uMonsanto usufake kubhontshisi baso be-GMO, ummbila, i-canola, isithombo sebhitrudi, nezinye izitshalo yisici esivumela lezo zivuno ukuthi zisinde ekufuthweni ngqo nge-glyphosate. Ngemuva kokuthi iMonsanto yethule lezi zitshalo "ezibekezelela i-glyphosate" maphakathi nawo-1990, ukusetshenziswa kwe-glyphosate kwanda kakhulu. Njengamanye ama-pesticides asetshenziselwa ukukhiqizwa kokudla, izinsalela ze-glyphosate zivame ukutholakala ekudleni, kufaka phakathi okusanhlamvu, ukudla okulula, uju, isinkwa, neminye imikhiqizo.

Umbuzo: Ubhala lokho I-Whitewash kukhombisa ukuthi sikhohliwe izifundo zikaRachel Carson futhi Thulile Spring. Usho ukuthini ngalokho?

A: UCarson wabeka izingozi ezihambisana nokusetshenziswa ngokungakhethi kwezibulala-zinambuzane zokwenziwa, futhi wabikezela umonakalo ababengawenza nabazowuletha emvelweni yethu. Ubuye wasola imboni yamakhemikhali ngokusabalalisa ngamabomu ulwazi olungelona iqiniso ngemikhiqizo yabo. Incwadi yakhe bekungukuvuka okukhuthaze ukunyakaza kwemvelo nokuholele ekwakhiweni kwe-Environmental Protection Agency. Kepha emashumini eminyaka edlule, umphakathi jikelele kanye nabezombusazwe kanye nabalawuli bethu bakhohlwe ngokusobala isidingo sokuqapha nokubhekisisa ekubhekaneni nalezi zinambuzane kanye nezinkampani ezizuzayo ngazo. Ubona ukucindezela kwabaholi bethu bezepolitiki ukuthola imithethonqubo embalwa, yokusetshenziswa okungavinjelwe okungaphezulu kwe-glyphosate namanye ama-pesticides ekukhiqizeni kwethu ukudla, ngenkathi ucwaninga ngokuthi lezibulala-zinambuzane ziwubangela kanjani umdlavuza, ukuthi zikulimaza kanjani ukukhula kwengqondo yezingane, nokuthi ziyiguqula kanjani impilo yokuzala konke okutholayo kwaphoqelelwa eceleni.

Q: Uthole izimboni zezokuxhumana nezokulawula eziveza ubufakazi bethonya lezinkampani kuma-ejensi alawulayo njenge-EPA. Ingabe ubufakazi obembulile buthatha ukubaluleka okusha ngokubheka isimo samanje sezepolitiki e-US? Abantu bangazigcina kanjani izinhlangano ezilawulayo ziphendula ngokusebenzela umphakathi?

IMP: Yebo, kucace bha ukuthi iMonsanto nezinye izinkampani ezinkulu ezinjengeDow Chemical zijabulela amandla amakhulu nabalawuli, bona kanye abantu okufanele bavikele umphakathi. Izinkampani zisebenzisa imali namandla azo ezepolitiki ukuthonya izinqumo ezilawulayo kanye nokuhlolwa kwesayensi ezinhlakeni zokulawula. Uma thina abathengi nabakhokhi bentela sifuna ukuvikela izingane zethu, imindeni yethu, ikusasa lethu, kudingeka sinake, sizifundise ngalezi zinkinga, sibhale futhi sishayele abenzi bomthetho bethu, futhi sisekele izinhlangano ezisebenza egameni lethu ukuvikela impilo yethu nemvelo yethu. Sidinga ukubambelela kuzinqubomgomo ezivikela umphakathi, hhayi inzuzo yezinhlangano ezinkulu. Ubungxiwankulu bukhulu — ukuphishekela ingcebo ngemakethe yamahhala kunikela ngokuhle okuningi, lokho kuyiqiniso. Kepha uma sivumela ama-ajenda enzuzo yenkampani eze kuqala kunempilo nenhlalakahle yabantu bakithi kanye nomhlaba wethu sizidela kakhulu.

Q: IMonsanto izame ukucwaninga nokukuhlambalaza lapho ushicilela izindaba eziphikisana nezintshisekelo zebhizinisi labo. Yiziphi izindlela izintatheli — noma ososayensi — abangazisebenzisa uma bebhekene nalokhu kubuyiselwa emuva? Ziyini izigxobo uma kungenjalo?

IMP: IMonsanto, nezinhlangano ezisekelwa nguMonsanto, zisebenzele impela ukubukela phansi umsebenzi wami iminyaka eminingi. Kepha angingedwa; balandele izintatheli bevela ezinhlwini eziningi zezindaba ezinkulu, kufaka phakathi i- New York Times, kanye nososayensi, izifundiswa, nabanye abacwaninga kakhulu ngezimfihlo abafuna ukuzifihla. Ngikubona kuyibheji yokuhlonishwa ukuthi uMonsanto nabanye abasembonini yamakhemikhali bazizwe besongelwa ngokwanele ngumsebenzi wethu ukuze basihlasele. Akulula neze, ikakhulukazi ngezintatheli, ukuphonsela inselelo umshini wepropaganda yenkampani.

Izintatheli ezihambisana nomdlalo, eziphinda amaphuzu okukhuluma, futhi ezishicilela izindaba ezisekela izintshisekelo zebhizinisi ziklonyeliswa ngokufisa ukufinyelela kubaphathi abaphezulu futhi zinikezwe izindaba "ezikhethekile" mayelana nemikhiqizo emisha noma amasu amasha, konke okuwathola amaphuzu ebhonasi nabahleli . Ngokuphambene nalokho, izintatheli eziphikisana nokusanhlamvu, ezibika ngocwaningo olungathandeki, noma eziveza ukwehluleka noma ubungozi bemikhiqizo ethile zivame ukuthi zilahlekelwe ukufinyelela kubaphathi abakhulu bezinkampani. Lo mncintiswano uthola isikweletu ngezingxoxo nezikhulu eziphezulu zezinkampani ngenkathi izintatheli ezingadlali lo mdlalo zibona amakhono azo obuntatheli ehlaselwa futhi ethukwa futhi eba yisihloko sezikhalazo eziphikelelayo ezenziwa yizinkampani kubahleli bazo.

Yini engenziwa? Abahleli nezintatheli ngokufanayo kudingeka babheke imigogodla yabo, babone ukuthi umsebenzi wentatheli ukuthola indaba ngemuva kwesiphetho, ukubuza imibuzo engathandeki nokwenza ubuqotho kuphela eqinisweni nasekubonakaleni. Lapho siphelelwa ubuntatheli obuzimele obuyiqiniso, lapho sizwa nje lokho okufunwa ngamandla, kuyaqinisekiswa ukuthi labo abangenawo amandla yibo abakhokha inani.

Umbuzo: Uxoxe nenani elikhulu labantu ngale ncwadi, kufaka phakathi ososayensi, abalimi, nabalawuli. Ingabe ikhona ingxoxo noma indaba ethile evelele kuwe?

Impendulo: Ngixoxisane nezinkulungwane zabantu ngomsebenzi wami, kusukela ezinhlotsheni zezombusazwe ezinamagama amakhulu kakhulu kuya kosaziwayo kuze kube nsuku zonke abesilisa nabesifazane, futhi ngithola ukuthi yilabo njalo abangaziphakamisi, labo “bantu abajwayelekile” ababamba inhliziyo yami. Ekucwaningeni le ncwadi, indaba engangithinta kakhulu eyikaTeri McCall, umyeni wakhe uJack wahlupheka kabuhlungu ngaphambi kokubulawa umdlavuza ngakusasa ngemuva kukaKhisimusi ngo-2015. Umndeni wakwaMcCall wawuphila impilo enokuthula futhi elula, ukhulisa ukwatapheya futhi wahlanganyela Izithelo ezisawolintshi epulazini labo laseCambria, eCalifornia, bengasebenzisi ezinye izibulala-zinambuzane ngaphandle kweRoundup ezingadini zabo zezithelo. Ukushona kukaJacks kwi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, uhlobo lomdlavuza oluxhunywe ne-glyphosate, kumchithe ngokuphelele uTeri nezingane zakhe nabazukulu. Ukhombise umusa namandla amaningi futhi unginike isikhathi sakhe esiningi — nezinyembezi zakhe — ekungitsheleni indaba kaJack. Ungowesifazane engimkhonzile ngokweqiniso.

Vele kunabanye abaningi engifunde kubo, engibazwelayo, kufaka phakathi ososayensi abebenenkinga yokushicilela ucwaningo, abaye bahlolwe noma babi kakhulu ngokutholakala kwabo kokulimala okuhlobene ne-glyphosate neminye imishanguzo yokubulala izinambuzane. Futhi abalimi-ngibahlonipha kakhulu abalimi ngokujwayelekile, kufaka phakathi ngamunye okwaxoxwa naye ngale ncwadi. Umsebenzi abawenzayo wokukhulisa ukudla kwethu uyinselele emangalisayo futhi basemgqeni wokuqala wezingozi zezibulala-zinambuzane nsuku zonke.

Ukudonsa imihlathi kuyindlela engcono yokuchaza eminye yemibhalo mina nabanye engiyitholile.

Q: Usuneminyaka ucwile kulesi sihloko. Ngabe kukhona okutholile ngenkathi ucwaninga futhi ubhala le ncwadi okukumangazile?

IMP: Ukwehla emihlathini kuyindlela engcono yokuchaza eminye yemibhalo mina nabanye esiyithole. Ukubona ngemuva kwekhethini, ukufunda ngamagama abo ukuthi abasebenza ezinkampanini basebenza kanjani ngenhloso yokusebenzisa isayensi, ukudukisa abathengi nosopolitiki, bekushaqisa. Njengomlobi wezindaba wesikhathi eside, ngingumuntu onobuhlungu obunzima. Noma kunjalo, ukujula kwenkohliso ebekwe obala kule mibhalo, neminye imibhalo esavela, kuyamangalisa.

Q: Unethemba lokuthi abafundi bazothathani bathathe ini I-Whitewash?

A: Umbhali ku New York Times wangitshela ngemuva kokufunda I-Whitewash ukuthi wesaba ukudla noma yini esiqandisini sakhe ngenxa yolwazi olunikezwa yile ncwadi mayelana nohla lwensalela yezibulala-zinambuzane ezitholakala kwimikhiqizo eminingi yokudla. Lokho akuyona neze inhloso yami, ukukhungathekisa noma ukwethusa abantu. Kepha ngithemba ukuthi abafundi bazoshukumiseleka ukuba banakekele kakhulu ukuthi ukudla kwethu kukhiqizwa kanjani, nokuthi sisebenzisa kanjani imishanguzo yokubulala izinambuzane eyingozi hhayi emapulazini kuphela kepha nasemagcekeni esikole nasemapaki lapho izingane zethu zidlala khona.

Futhi ngithemba ukuthi bazofuna ukuzibandakanya engxoxweni enkulu nasezingxoxweni zokuthi silakha kanjani ikusasa elilinganisa ngokwanele izingozi nemivuzo ehambisana nalezi zinambuzane. Njengoba I-Whitewash imibukiso, uhlelo lwamanje lwenzelwe ukupompa inzuzo yezinkampani kakhulu kunalokho ukukhuthaza ukusimama kokukhiqizwa kwemvelo nokudla isikhathi eside. Kunamandla amaningi asebenzayo okugcina isimo simile, ukuqhubeka nokuphusha izibulala-zinambuzane eziyingozi, cishe ngokoqobo phansi komphimbo wethu. Kukithi sonke ukuthi sibuyele emuva.

UCarey Gillam uyintatheli engumakadebona, umcwaningi, nomlobi onolwazi olungaphezu kweminyaka engama-25 olumayelana nezinkampani zaseMelika. Owayekade eyintatheli enkulu yezindaba zamazwe omhlaba iReuters, uGillam ungena shí ebhizinisini elikhulu lokudla nezolimo. UCarey uphinde abe ngumqondisi wezocwaningo we Ilungelo Lethu Lase-US Lokwazi, inhlangano engenzi nzuzo ephenya ubungozi obuhambisana nohlelo lokudla lwenkampani, kanye nemikhuba kanye nomthelela wemboni yokudla kunqubomgomo yomphakathi.

UCarey Gillam Uqala Ibhuku Ngezinkinga Zezibulala-zinambuzane & Ithonya leMonsanto; Ubizelwe ukuvela ngaphambi kwePhalamende le-EU

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Izindaba Release
Ukukhishwa Ngokushesha: NgoLwesibili, Okthoba 10, 2017
Ngemininingwane engaphezulu Xhumana: UStacy Malkan (510) 542-9224                       

Namuhla, uCarey Gillam, owayeyintatheli yeReuters futhi esengumqondisi ocwaningweni wamanje we-US Right to Know, wethule incwadi yakhe entsha, I-Whitewash: Indaba Yombulali Wokhula, Umdlavuza Nenkohlakalo Yesayensi (Island Press), uphenyo olunzima mayelana ne-pesticide enkabeni ye-maelstrom yokulawula nesemthethweni zombili izinhlangothi ze-Atlantic.

Kusasa, uGillam uzovela njengochwepheshe omenyiwe phambi kwamalungu ePhalamende laseYurophu e ukulalelwa kwekomidi ngokuhlanganyela ukuxoxa ngemizamo kaMonsanto yokusebenzisa isayensi nokuhlolwa kokulawulwa ku-glyphosate.

AmaGillam ibhuku futhi ubufakazi kusekelwe eminyakeni engu-20 yocwaningo kanye nemibhalo eminingi yezimboni echaza amaphethini enkohliso azungeze i-flagship killer killer Roundup kanye nesithako sayo esisebenzayo i-glyphosate, nemithelela kubantu nakwimvelo.

Ngokuvumelana ne Abashicileli Weekly, "UGillam ngobuchwepheshe uhlanganisa ingxabano lapho ukungaboni kahle kwezinkampani kuhlangana nezindaba zezempilo yomphakathi kanye nemvelo." Kirkus Izibuyekezo izingcingo I-Whitewash "Indaba eshaya kanzima, evula amehlo," kanye "nempikiswano enamandla yendawo yezomthetho ebeka izintshisekelo zomphakathi ngaphezu kwenzuzo yezinkampani."

As I-Whitewash imininingwane, i-glyphosate iyisayensi yezolimo esetshenziswa kakhulu emlandweni — isibulala-zinambuzane esigcwele kakhulu emoyeni wethu, emanzini, ekudleni kwethu, nasemizimbeni yethu uqobo. Sekungamashumi eminyaka kunconywa njengamakhemikhali “aphephe ngokwanele ukuthi angaphuzwa,” kepha iqembu elikhulayo locwaningo lwesayensi libopha i-glyphosate kuma-cancer kanye nezinye izinsongo zezempilo nezemvelo.

I-Whitewash ihlola izimangalo ezisemthethweni zezinkulungwane zabantu baseMelika abathi iRoundup idale umdlavuza wabo, futhi idalula ithonya elinamandla lomkhakha wezinkulungwane zamarandi osesebenze amashumi eminyaka ukugcina abathengi besebumnyameni nabalawulayo behlola. Le ncwadi iveza ukuthi ithonya lezepolitiki selisebenze kanjani iminyaka ezinhlanganweni ezilawulayo ngenkathi liphinde laveza amaqiniso angenakuphikisa ngamazinga e-glyphosate namanye ama-pesticides atholakala kakhulu emikhiqizweni yethu yokudla.

I-Whitewash kucacisa ukuthi eminyakeni engama-55 ngemuva kokuthi uRachel Carson noSilent Spring bevuse umhlaba ezingozini zokusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane ezingavinjelwe, sehlulekile ukulalela izixwayiso zakhe.

Izindaba zakamuva ngezenzo zikaMonsanto ku-glyphosate:

New York Times: "I-Roundup kaMonsanto ibhekene nezepolitiki zaseYurophu kanye nezimangalo zaseMelika, ”NguDanny Hakim, Okthoba 4, 2017

Uchungechunge lweLe Monde:

Umqaphi: "IMonsanto ivinjelwe ePhalamende le-EU, ”Ngu-Arthur Neslen, Septhemba 28, 2017

USRTK: "I-Monsanto Yenziwe Kanjani 'Ukuthukuthela' Ngokuhlukaniswa Komdlavuza we-IARC weGlyphosate, ”NguCarey Gillam, Septhemba 19, 2017

UCarey Gillam uyintatheli engumakadebona, umcwaningi, nomlobi onolwazi lweminyaka engaphezu kwengu-25 ehlanganisa inkampani yaseMelika. Owayekade eyintatheli enkulu yezindaba zamazwe omhlaba iReuters, uGillam ungene shí ebhizinisini elikhulu lokudla nezolimo.

I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi iyinhlangano engenzi nzuzo ephenya ubungozi obuhambisana nohlelo lokudla lwenkampani, kanye nemikhuba kanye nomthelela wemboni yokudla kunqubomgomo yomphakathi.

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UCarey Gillam, uMqondisi Wezocwaningo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UCarey Gillam ungumbhali wencwadi ewine imiklomelo, “I-Whitewash: Indaba Yombulali Wokhula, Umdlavuza Nenkohlakalo Yesayensi”(Island Press, 2017) kanye nentatheli engumakadebona, umcwaningi nombhali onolwazi olungaphezulu kweminyaka engama-20 embonini yezindaba. Incwadi kaGillam ithole udumo URachel Carson Book Award ovela eNhlanganweni Yezintatheli Zezemvelo ukwembula amashumi eminyaka ezimfihlo zebhizinisi namasu akhohlisayo yizinkampani ezinamandla zezibulala-zinambuzane, nokuthi ukufuna inzuzo kwezinkampani kuthathe kanjani kuqala kunokuvikela umphakathi. "Lokhu kuhlolwa okufika ngesikhathi futhi okuhleleke kahle kwezingxabano ezisusa izingqinamba emhlabeni mayelana nesayensi nezolimo kucwaningwe kahle futhi kubhalwe kahle futhi kuyatholakala kubafundi abangenalo ulwazi olunzulu lwesayensi," kubhala amajaji.

Ngaphambi kokujoyina i-US Right to Know, uGillam uchithe iminyaka eyi-17 njengo- Intatheli ephezulu yeReuters, insizakalo yezindaba yomhlaba wonke. Kuleyo ndima, ubhekele kakhulu ekuhlanganiseni ukudla nezolimo ngokugxila ikakhulukazi ekukhuleni kobuchwepheshe bezitshalo ze-biotech, ukuthuthukiswa komkhiqizo wezibulala-zinambuzane, kanye nemithelela yemvelo yomibili, futhi wakhulisa ulwazi olujulile lwezinkampani ezihola phambili zezolimo ezibandakanya IMonsanto, iDow AgroSciences, iDuPont, iBASF, iBayer neSyngenta.

UGillam uhlonishwe njengomunye wezintatheli ezihamba phambili ezweni ezidingida lezi zinkinga futhi uvame ukucelwa ukuthi akhulume emsakazweni nakuthelevishini futhi avele ezingqungqutheleni azokwabelana ngolwazi lwakhe ngezinkinga eziphikiswana kakhulu ezibandakanya ukudla nezolimo. Uhlala e-Overland Park, eKansas, nomyeni wakhe nezingane ezintathu.

Xhumana noCarey: carey@usrtk.org
Landela uCarey ku-Twitter: @Ukhozi_fm

Funda Izindatshana zikaCarey Gillam lapha.