Ukuhlolwa kwe-EPA kwamakhemikhali kudonsa ukugxekwa kososayensi bayo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ososayensi abaningi baseMelika abasebenzela i-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) bathi ababethembi abaholi abaphezulu balesi sikhungo ukuthi bazothembeka futhi bayesaba ukuziphindiselela uma bezobika ukwephulwa komthetho, ngokocwaningo lwabasebenzi olwenziwe ngo-2020.

Ngokusho the I-Federal Employee Viewpoint Survey yango-2020, okwenziwe yi-US Office of Personnel Management, amaphesenti angama-75 abasebenzi be-EPA ophikweni lweNational Program Chemicals Division abaphendule kulolu cwaningo bakhombisa ukuthi abacabangi ukuthi ubuholi obuphezulu bale nhlangano bugcine “amazinga aphezulu okuthembeka nobuqotho.” Amaphesenti angamashumi ayisithupha nanhlanu abasebenzi abaphendula oPhikweni Lokuhlola Ubungozi baphendule ngendlela efanayo.

Okushaqisayo futhi, amaphesenti angama-53 abaphenduli ophikweni lwe-EPA's Risk Assessment Division athe abakwazi ukudalula ukusolwa kokwephula umthetho noma umthethonqubo ngaphandle kokwesaba ukujeziswa. Amaphesenti angamashumi amane nantathu abaphendula abasebenzi be-EPA e-Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT) baphendule ngendlela efanayo.

Imizwa engemihle ekhonjiswe emiphumeleni yocwaningo ihambisana nemibiko ekhulayo yokungalungi ngaphakathi kwezinhlelo zokuhlolwa kwamakhemikhali ze-EPA, ngokusho kwePublic Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER).

"Kufanele kube nokukhathazeka okukhulu ukuthi ngaphezu kwengxenye yamakhemikhali e-EPA kanye nabanye ochwepheshe abasebenza ngezinkinga ezibalulekile zezempilo yomphakathi abazizwa bekhululekile ukubika izinkinga noma ukwephulwa kwefulegi," kusho uMqondisi Omkhulu we-PEER uTim Whitehouse, owayengummeli we-EPA. isitatimende.

Ekuqaleni kwale nyanga, iNational Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine kusho i-EPAImikhuba yokuhlola ubungozi ngaphakathi kohlaka loMthetho Wokulawulwa Kwezinto Eziyingozi "ibiphansi kakhulu."

"Ubuholi obusha be-EPA buzosebenza ngokugcwele ekulungiseni lo mkhumbi ocwilayo," kusho uWhitehouse.

Ngemuva kokuthatha izintambo ngoJanuwari, uMongameli uJoe Biden wakhipha umyalelo omkhulu wokuthi i-EPA ngaphansi kweBiden ingaphambukela esimweni sayo kumakhemikhali amaningana ezinqumweni ezenziwa yile nhlangano ngaphansi kukamongameli wangaphambilini uDonald Trump.

In izincwadi yangomhla kaJanuwari 21, i-EPA Office of General Counsell yathi okulandelayo:

“Ngokuhambisana ne-Executive Order kaMongameli Biden Yokuvikela Impilo Yomphakathi kanye Nezemvelo kanye Nokubuyisela Isayensi Ukubhekana Nesimo Sezulu esikhishwe ngoJanuwari 20, 2021, (Health and Environment EO), lokhu kuzoqinisekisa isicelo sami egameni le-US Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA) ukuthi uMnyango Wezobulungiswa wase-US (i-DOJ) ufune futhi uthole ama-abeyance noma ukuhlala kwezinqubo zamacala okulindelwe enkantolo afuna ukubuyekezwa kokwahlulela kwanoma imuphi umthethonqubo we-EPA owakhishwa phakathi kukaJanuwari 20, 2017, noJanuwari 20, 2021, noma ufuna ukusungula umnqamulajuqu we-EPA ukumemezela umthethonqubo maqondana nesihloko sanoma yikuphi okunjalo

Olunye ucwaningo lwe-Roundup luthola izixhumanisi ezingaba nezinkinga zempilo yabantu

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

(Kubuyekezwe uFebhuwari 17, kungeza ukugxekwa kokufunda)

A iphepha elisha lesayensi Ukuhlola imithelela yezempilo engaba khona ye-Roundup herbicides kutholakale ukuxhumana phakathi kokuchayeka kumakhemikhali okubulala ukhula i-glyphosate nokwanda kohlobo lwe-amino acid olwaziwa njengengozi yesifo senhliziyo.

Abaphenyi benza izinqumo zabo ngemuva kokudalula amagundane akhulelwe kanye namazinyane abo asanda kuzalwa ku-glyphosate ne-Roundup ngamanzi okuphuza. Bathe babheke ngqo imiphumela ye-glyphosate-based herbicides (GBH) kuma-metabolites we-urinary nokuxhumana ne-gut microbiome ezilwaneni.

Abaphenyi bathi bathole ukwanda okukhulu kwe-amino acid ebizwa nge-homocysteine ​​emidlwane yamaduna evezwe ku-glyphosate ne-Roundup.

"Ucwaningo lwethu lunikeza ubufakazi bokuqala bokuthi ukuvezwa kwe-GBH esetshenziswa kakhulu, kumthamo wokuvezwa komuntu owamukelekayo njengamanje, uyakwazi ukuguqula imetabolites yomchamo kubo bobabili abantu abadala bamagundane namazinyane," kusho abaphenyi.

Leli phepha elinesihloko esithi “Ukuvezwa komthamo ophansi wemithi yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate kuphazamisa i-metabolism yomchamo nokusebenzisana kwayo ne-gut microbiota,” kubhalwe ngabaphenyi abahlanu abasebenzisana ne-Icahn School of Medicine eNtabeni iSinayi eNew York kanti abane baphuma eRamazzini Institute eBologna, e-Italy. Ishicilelwe kumagazini iScientific Reports ngoFebhuwari 5.

Ababhali bavumile ukulinganiselwa okuningi esifundweni sabo, kufaka phakathi usayizi omncane wesampula, kepha bathi umsebenzi wabo ukhombisile ukuthi "ukutholakala komthamo ophansi wokukhulelwa kanye nobuncane be-glyphosate noma i-Roundup kushintshe kakhulu ama-biomarker amaningi womchamo, emadamini nasenzalweni."

Lolu cwaningo lungolokuqala ngoshintsho lwe-metabolomic ye-urinary olwenziwe ngama-herbicides asuselwa ku-glyphosate emithamo njengamanje ebhekwa njengephephile kubantu, kusho abacwaningi.

Leli phepha lilandela ukushicilelwa ngenyanga edlule ka isifundo emaphephandabeni Impilo Yemvelo ethola i-glyphosate kanye nomkhiqizo we-Roundup kungashintsha ukwakheka kwe-gut microbiome ngezindlela ezingaxhunyaniswa nemiphumela emibi yezempilo. Ososayensi abavela eRamazzini Institute nabo babambe iqhaza kulolo cwaningo.

URobin Mesnage, ongomunye wababhali bephepha elashicilelwa ngenyanga edlule ku-Environmental Health Perspectives, wakuphikisa ukuba semthethweni kwephepha elisha. Uthe ukuhlaziywa kwedatha kukhombisa umehluko otholakele phakathi kwezilwane ezivezwe ku-glyphosate nalezo ezingadalulwanga - izilwane ezilawulayo - nazo bezingatholakala ngokufanayo ngemininingwane ekhiqizwe ngokungahleliwe.

“Sekukonke, ukuhlaziywa kwedatha akusekeli isiphetho sokuthi i-glyphosate iphazamisa i-metabolism yomchamo kanye ne-gut microbiota yezilwane eziveziwe,” kusho uMesnage. "Lolu cwaningo luzoqhubeka nokudida kancane impikiswano ngobuthi be-glyphosate."

Izifundo ezimbalwa zakamuva ku-glyphosate naku-Roundup bathole ukukhathazeka okuningi.

I-Bayer, eyathola ifa lomkhiqizo we-herbicide wase-Monsanto's glyphosate kanye nephothifoliyo yezimbewu ezakhiwe ngezofuzo ngesikhathi ithenga inkampani ku-2018, igcizelela ukuthi inqwaba yezifundo zesayensi emashumini eminyaka iqinisekisa ukuthi i-glyphosate ayibangeli umdlavuza. Isikhungo Sokuvikelwa Kwezemvelo e-US kanye nezinye izinhlaka eziningi ezilawula umhlaba nazo azibheki imikhiqizo ye-glyphosate njenge-carcinogenic.

Kepha i-World Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer ngonyaka ka-2015 yathi ukubuyekezwa kocwaningo lwesayensi kutholakale ubufakazi obanele bokuthi i-glyphosate iyi-carcinogen yabantu.

IBayer ilahlekelwe yizilingo ezintathu kwezintathu ezilethwe abantu abasola umdlavuza wabo ngokuvezwa yimithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto, kanti iBayer ngonyaka odlule ithe izokhokha cishe amaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyi-11 ukukhokha izimangalo ezifanayo ezingaphezu kwezingu-100,000 XNUMX.

 

 

Ukufa nokuhlala njengoba iBayer iqhubeka nokuzama ukuqeda amacala we-Roundup

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ezinyangeni eziyisikhombisa ngemuva kweBayer AG umemezele izinhlelo ngokuxazululwa kokushonelwa kwamacala omdlavuza we-US Roundup, umnikazi waseJalimane weMonsanto Co uyaqhubeka nokusebenza ukuxazulula amashumi ezinkulungwane zezimangalo ezilethwe abantu abaphethwe umdlavuza abathi zibangelwe yimikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto. NgoLwesithathu, elinye icala livele lathola ukuvalwa, yize ummangali angiphilelanga ukukubona.

Abameli bakaJaime Alvarez Calderon, bavumelane ekuqaleni kwaleli sonto ngesinqumo esanikezwa yiBayer ngemuva kweJaji Lesifunda saseMelika uVince Chhabria ngoMsombuluko inqatshelwe isahlulelo esifingqiwe ngokuthanda iMonsanto, ukuvumela icala ukuthi lisondele ecaleni.

Isivumelwano sizoya emadodaneni amane ka-Alvarez ngoba ubaba wabo oneminyaka engu-65, osebenza isikhathi eside esebenzela iwayini eNapa County, California, ushone nje esikhathini esingaphezu konyaka esedlule kusuka kwi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma usola umsebenzi wakhe wokufafaza i-Roundup ezungeze impahla ye-winery iminyaka.

Ekulalelweni kwenkantolo ngoLwesithathu, ummeli womndeni wakwa-Alvarez uDavid Diamond utshele iJaji uChhabria ukuthi lesi sinqumo sizolivala leli cala.

Ngemuva kokuqulwa kwecala, uDiamond wathi u-Alvarez usebenze e-winery iminyaka engama-33, esebenzisa isifutho sasebhakeni ukufaka isicelo sikaMonsanto kusekelwe ku-glyphosate ukubulala ukhula kuma-acreage asakazekayo eqembu le-Sutter Home lamawayini. Wayevame ukuya ekhaya kusihlwa nezingubo ezimanzi ngomuthi wokubulala ukhula ngenxa yokuvuza kwemishini kanye nombulali wokhula okhukhuleka emoyeni. Watholwa ngo-2014 ene-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, elashwa kaningi ngamakhemikhali nezinye izindlela zokwelashwa ngaphambi kokushona ngoDisemba 2019.

UDiamond uthe ujabule ngokuxazulula leli cala kodwa unamacala angama-Roundup "angu-400 plus" amanye angakalungiswa.

Akayedwa. Okungenani uhhafu weshumi namanye amafemu wezomthetho wase-US anabamangali baseRoundup abafuna izilungiselelo zesilingo zango-2021 nangaphezulu.

Kusukela ukuthenga iMonsanto ku-2018, iBayer ibilokhu ilwela ukuthola ukuthi ungayenza kanjani kuqedwe ukuqulwa kwamacala lokho kufaka abamangali abangaphezu kuka-100,000 XNUMX e-United States. Le nkampani ilahlekelwe yizo zonke izivivinyo ezintathu ebezibanjelwe kuze kube yimanje futhi ilahlekelwe yizikhalazo zokuqala ezifuna ukuguqula ukulahleka kwecala. Amajaji kwesinye nesinye sezivivinyo athola leyo kaMonsanto ukhula lwe-glyphosate-based kubangela umdlavuza nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

Ngaphezu kwemizamo yokuxazulula izimangalo ezisalindile njengamanje, iBayer inethemba lokuthi izokwakha indlela yokuxazulula izimangalo ezingaba khona ezingabhekana nazo kubasebenzisi beRoundup abathuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngokuzayo. Uhlelo lwayo lokuqala lokusingatha amacala esikhathi esizayo yenqatshwa nguJaji Chhabria futhi inkampani ayikamemezeli uhlelo olusha.

I-Neonicotinoids: ukukhathazeka okukhulayo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

NgoJanuwari 10, iThe Guardian lashicilela le ndaba mayelana nomphakathi omncane wasemaphandleni waseNebraska obelokhu unenkinga okungenani iminyaka emibili nokungcola okuhlanganiswe nembewu yommbila eboshwe nge-neonicotinoid. Umthombo uyisitshalo sendawo se-ethanol ebesizikhangisa njengesihlelekile “Ukwenza kabusha” indawo yezinkampani zembewu ezinjengeBayer, iSyngenta kanye nezinye ezazidinga indawo yokulahla okweqile kwalezi zitoko zembewu ephethwe yi-pesticide. Umphumela, abantu basemadolobheni bathi, indawo ehlanganiswe namazinga aphakeme ngokumangalisayo ezinsalela ze-neonicotinoid, abathi zibangele ukugula kubantu nasezilwaneni. Besaba ukuthi umhlaba wabo namanzi manje sekonakele ngendlela engalungiseki.

Iziphathimandla zezemvelo zombuso zirekhode amazinga ama-neonicotinoids ku- izingxenye ezimangazayo ezingama-427,000 ngezigidigidi (ppb) ekuhlolweni kwelinye lamagquma amakhulu emfucuza esizeni sesakhiwo se-ethanol. Lokho kuqhathanisa namabhentshimakhi wokulawula athi amazinga kufanele abe ngaphansi kuka-70 ppb ukuze athathwe njengaphephile.

Bona leli khasi ukuthola eminye imininingwane nemibhalo.

Inganekwane yomgwaqo eMead, eNebraska, iyisibonakaliso sakamuva nje sokuthi ukwenganyelwa kokulawulwa kwezwe neonicotinoids kudinga ukuqiniswa, ngokusho kwabameli bezemvelo nabaphenyi abavela emanyuvesi amaningi aseMelika.

Impikiswano ngesigaba semithi yokubulala izinambuzane eyaziwa ngokuthi ama-neonicotinoids, noma ama-neonics, ibilokhu ikhula eminyakeni yamuva nje futhi isiphenduke impikiswano yomhlaba wonke phakathi kwama-behemoth ezinkampani athengisa ama-neonics kanye namaqembu ezemvelo nawabathengi athi ama-insecticide anesibopho sezempilo ebanzi yemvelo kanye neyabantu ukulimaza.

Kusukela yethulwa ngawo-1990s, ama-neonicotinoids abe yisigaba esetshenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni semithi yokubulala izinambuzane, esithengiswa emazweni angama-120 okungenani ukusiza ukulawula izinambuzane ezilimazayo nokuvikela ukukhiqizwa kwezolimo. Izibulala-zinambuzane azifuthwa kuphela ezitshalweni kodwa futhi zimbozwe nembewu. Ama-Neonicotinoids asetshenziselwa ukukhiqiza izinhlobo eziningi zezitshalo, kufaka phakathi irayisi, ukotini, ummbila, amazambane nosoya. Kusukela ngo-2014, ama-neonicotinoids amelwe ngaphezu kwe- Amaphesenti angama-25 omuthi wokubulala zinambuzane womhlaba wonke emakethe, ngokusho kwabaphenyi.

Ngaphakathi kwekilasi, i-clothianidin ne-imidacloprid yizona ezisetshenziswa kakhulu e-United States, ngokusho kwephepha lowe-2019 elishicilelwe ephephabhukwini Health Environmental.

NgoJanuwari 2020, i-Environmental Protection Agency yakhipha i- izinqumo eziphakanyisiwe zesikhashana ze-acetamiprid, clothianidin, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, kanye thiamethoxam, izinambuzane ezithile ngaphakathi kwesigaba se-neonicotinoid. I-EPA ithe ibisebenza ukunciphisa inani elisetshenzisiwe ezitshalweni ezihambisana "nobungozi bezemvelo obungahle bube khona," ibeke umkhawulo lapho izibulala-zinambuzane zingasetshenziswa ekutshalweni kwezitshalo.

Umzimba okhulayo wobufakazi besayensi ukhombisa ukuthi ama-neonicotinoids ayimbangela ekusakazekeni i-colony collapse disorder yezinyosi, okuyizinambuzane ezibalulekile lapho kukhiqizwa ukudla. Babukwa futhi okungenani njengengxenye yokusolwa kwe- an “I-apocalypse yezinambuzane. Ama-insecticide nawo aboshelwe emaphutheni amakhulu ngezinyamazane ezinomsila omhlophe, kujulisa ukukhathazeka ngamandla amakhemikhali okulimaza izilwane ezinkulu ezincelisayo, kuhlanganise nabantu.

I-European Union ivimbele ukusetshenziswa kwangaphandle kwe-neonics clothianidin, imidacloprid ne-thiamethoxam ngo-2018, kanye ne IZizwe Ezihlangene zithi Ama-neonics ayingozi kangangoba kufanele abekelwe imigoqo “ebucayi”. Kepha e-United States, ama-neonics ahlala esetshenziswa kabanzi.

Isimemo sikaBayer sokuxazulula izimangalo zomdlavuza wase-US Roundup ziyaqhubeka

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Umnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG wenza inqubekela phambili ekuxazululeni izinkulungwane zamacala aseMelika alethwe ngabantu abathi bona noma abathandekayo babo baba nomdlavuza ngemuva kokuchayeka emithini yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto's Roundup.

Izincwadi zakamuva ezivela kubameli babamangali eziya kumakhasimende abo zigcizelele leyo nqubekelaphambili, eqinisekisa ukuthi iningi labamangali likhetha ukubamba iqhaza kulesi sikhokhelo, yize kunezikhalazo zabamangali abaningi zokuthi babhekene neziphakamiso zokukhokha ezincane ezingafanele.

Kwezinye izibalo, ukukhokhiswa okujwayelekile kuzoshiya isinxephezelo esincane, mhlawumbe izinkulungwane ezimbalwa zamaRandi, kubamangali ngabanye ngemuva kokukhokhwa kwemali yabameli kanye nezindleko ezithile zezokwelapha ezibuyiswayo.

Yize kunjalo, ngokwencwadi ethunyelwe kwabamangali ngasekupheleni kukaNovemba ngenye yamafemu abameli abahamba phambili enkantolo, ngaphezu kwamaphesenti angama-95 "wabamangali abafanelekile" banquma ukubamba iqhaza ohlelweni lokuxazulula okuxoxiswene ngalo nenkampani neBayer. “Umphathi wezindawo zokuhlala” manje unezinsuku ezingama-30 zokubuyekeza amacala bese eqinisekisa ukufaneleka kwabamangali ukuthola izimali zokuhlala, ngokusho kwezincwadi.

Abantu bangakhetha ukuphuma kuleso sivumelwano bese befaka izicelo zabo ekulamuleni, kulandelwe ukulamula okuyisibopho uma befisa noma bezama ukuthola ummeli omusha ozoqula icala labo. Labo bamangali bangaba nesikhathi esinzima sokuthola ummeli ozobasiza bathathe udaba lwabo baluse enkantolo ngoba amafemu abameli avumelana nokuxazululwa kweBayer avumile ukuthi angazami amanye amacala noma asize ekulingweni okuzayo.

Omunye ummangali, ocele ukungadalulwa ngegama ngenxa yobumfihlo bezinqubo zokukhokha, uthe uyaphuma kuleso sinqumo ngethemba lokuthola imali ethe xaxa ngokulamula noma ngecala elizayo. Uthe udinga ukuhlolwa okuqhubekayo nokwelashwa komdlavuza wakhe kanti nohlaka oluhlongozwayo lokuhlalisa abantu ngeke lumshiye ngalutho ukukhokhela lezo zindleko eziqhubekayo.

"IBayer ifuna ukukhululwa ngokukhokha imali encane ngangokunokwenzeka ngaphandle kokuya ecaleni," esho.

Ukulinganiselwa okulinganiselwe kokukhokhwa okujwayelekile kwemali ngayinye kummangali kungama- $ 165,000, abameli nabamangali abathintekayo ezingxoxweni bathe. Kepha abanye abamangali bangathola okuningi kakhulu, kanti abanye bathola okungaphansi, kuya ngemininingwane yecala labo. Kunemigomo eminingi yokunquma ukuthi ngubani ongabamba iqhaza ekukhokhelweni nokuthi ingakanani imali lowo muntu angayithola.

Ukuze afaneleke, umsebenzisi we-Roundup kufanele abe yisakhamuzi sase-US, kutholakale ukuthi une-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), futhi wadalulwa ku-Roundup okungenani unyaka owodwa ngaphambi kokutholakala ukuthi une-NHL.

Isivumelwano sokukhokha neBayer sizophela lapho umphathi eqinisekisa ukuthi ngaphezu kwamaphesenti angama-93 abafaka izicelo abafanelekile, ngokwemigomo yesivumelwano.

Uma umphathi wezokukhokha ethola ummangali engafanelekile, lowo mmangali unezinsuku ezingama-30 zokudlulisa isinqumo.

Kwabamangali ababhekwa njengabafanelekile umphathi wezindawo zokuhlala uzonikeza icala ngalinye amaphuzu amaningi ngokuya ngemibandela ethile. Inani lemali ummangali ngamunye azolithola lisuselwa kunani lamaphoyinti abalwe ngesimo sawo ngasinye.

Amaphuzu esisekelo asungulwa kusetshenziswa iminyaka yomuntu lowo ngesikhathi etholakala ukuthi une-NHL kanye nezinga lobunzima "bokulimala" njengoba kunqunywa izinga lokwelashwa nomphumela. Amazinga agijima u-1-5. Umuntu oshone nge-NHL unikezwa amaphuzu esisekelo ezingeni lesi-5, ngokwesibonelo. Amaphuzu amaningi anikezwa abantu abasha abahlushwa imijikelezo eminingi yokwelashwa kanye / noma abashona.

Ngaphezu kwamaphoyinti esisekelo, ukulungiswa kuvunyelwe okunikeza amaphuzu amaningi kubamangali ababenokuchayeka okuningi ku-Roundup. Kukhona nezibonelelo zamaphoyinti amaningi ezinhlobo ezithile ze-NHL. Abamangali abatholakale benohlobo lwe-NHL olubizwa nge-Primary Central Nervous System (CNS) lymphoma bathola ukukhushulwa ngamaphesenti ayi-10 kumanani abo, isibonelo.

Abantu futhi bangadonswa amaphuzu ngokususelwa ezicini ezithile. Nazi izibonelo ezithile ezithile ezivela kumatrix wamaphoyinti asungulwe ngecala le-Roundup:

  • Uma umsebenzisi womkhiqizo we-Roundup ashone ngaphambi kukaJanuwari 1, 2009, amaphuzu aphelele wesimangalo alethwe egameni lawo azokwehliswa ngamaphesenti angama-50.
  • Uma ummangali oshonile ebengenaye umlingani noma izingane ezincane ngesikhathi sokushona kwabo kudonswa amaphesenti angama-20.
  • Uma ummangali enomdlavuza wegazi ngaphambi kokusebenzisa i-Roundup amaphuzu abo anqunywa ngamaphesenti angama-30.
  • Uma isikhathi phakathi kokuchayeka kwe-Roundup kommangali nokutholakala kwe-NHL bekungaphansi kweminyaka emibili amaphuzu asikwa ngamaphesenti angama-20.

Izimali zokuhlala kufanele ziqale ukugelezela kubahlanganyeli entwasahlobo ngezinkokhelo zokugcina ezinethemba lokuthi zenziwe ehlobo, ngokusho kwabameli abathintekayo.

Abamangali nabo bangafaka izicelo zokuba yingxenye yesikhwama semali sokulimala esingajwayelekile, esakhelwe iqembu elincane labamangali abahlushwa ukulimala okukhulu okuhlobene neNHL. Isimangalo singafanelekela isikhwama sokulimala esingajwayelekile uma ukufa komuntu ku-NHL kwenzeka ngemuva kwezifundo ezintathu noma ngaphezulu ezigcwele ze-chemotherapy nezinye izindlela zokwelapha ezinolaka.

Kusukela ethenge iMonsanto e2018, iBayer ibisokola ukuthola ukuthi izophela kanjani enkantolo ebandakanya abamangali abangaphezu kuka-100,000 e-United States. Le nkampani ilahlekelwe yizo zonke izivivinyo ezintathu ebezibanjelwe kuze kube manje futhi ilahlekelwe yizikhalazo zokuqala ezifuna ukuguqula ukulahleka kwecala. Amajaji kwesinye nesinye sezivivinyo athola leyo kaMonsanto ukhula lwe-glyphosate-based, njengeRoundup, idala umdlavuza nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

Imiklomelo yamajaji ifinyelele ngaphezu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 2, yize izahlulelo ziyalelwe ukuthi zincishiswe ngamajaji asenkantolo yokuqulwa kwamacala.

Imizamo yenkampani yokuxazulula leli cala iye yabekelwa eceleni yingqinamba yokuthi zingasuswa kanjani izimangalo ezingalethwa ngokuzayo ngabantu ababa nomdlavuza ngemuva kokusebenzisa imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yenkampani.

Ukudluliswa Kwezilingo Kuyaqhubeka

Noma iBayer ihlose ukuqeda ukuvivinywa okuzayo ngamadola okukhokha, inkampani iyaqhubeka nokuzama ukuguqula imiphumela yezilingo ezintathu inkampani elahlekile.

Ekulahlekelweni kokuqala kwesivivinyo - Icala likaJohnson v. Monsanto - IBayer ilahlekelwe yimizamo yokuguqula amajaji athola ukuthi uMonsanto ubhekene nesifo somdlavuza kaJohnson ezingeni lenkantolo yokudlulisa amacala, kwathi ngo-Okthoba, iNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia unqabile ukubuyekeza icala.

IBayer manje inezinsuku eziyi-150 kusukela kuleso sinqumo sokucela ukuthi lolu daba luthathwe yiNkantolo Ephakeme yase-US. Le nkampani ayikasithathi isinqumo sokugcina mayelana nalesi sinyathelo, ngokusho komkhulumeli weBayer, kodwa iveze phambilini ukuthi ihlose ukuthatha lesi sinyathelo.

Uma iBayer ifaka isicelo eNkantolo Ephakeme yase-US, abameli bakaJohnson kulindeleke ukuthi bafake isicelo sokuphikisa esinemibandela becela inkantolo ukuthi ihlolisise izinyathelo zokwahlulela ezanciphisa umklomelo wamajaji kaJohnson kusuka ku- $ 289 million kuya ku- $ 20.5 million.

Amanye amacala enkantolo yaseBayer / Monsanto

Ngaphezu kwesikweletu uBayer abhekene nesibopho sakwaMonsanto sikaRoundup somdlavuza, inkampani ilwa nezikweletu zeMonsanto ezinkantolo zokungcola kwePCB nasenkingeni yokulimala kwezitshalo okubangelwe uhlelo lwezitshalo olususelwa ku-Micanto dicamba herbicide.

Ijaji lombuso eLos Angeles ngesonto eledlule wasenqaba isiphakamiso yiBayer ukukhokha imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 648 ukuxazulula amacala asezingeni elilethwe ngabamangali abasola ukungcoliswa okuvela kuma-biphenyls anezinwele, noma ama-PCB, enziwe iMonsanto.

Nangesonto eledlule, ijaji eliqulile icala le I-Bader Farms, Inc. v. Monsanto wenqaba iziphakamiso zikaBayer zokuqulwa kwecala elisha. Ijaji lisike umonakalo wokujeziswa onikezwe yijaji, noma kunjalo, kusuka ku- $ 250 million kuya ku- $ 60 million, kushiya umonakalo ongaphelele we $ 15 million, ngomklomelo ophelele ka- $ 75 million.

Amadokhumenti atholiwe ngokutholwa kwecala likaBader kuveze ukuthi iMonsanto ne-giant BASF yamakhemikhali babazi iminyaka ukuthi izinhlelo zabo zokwethula uhlelo lwembewu yezolimo kanye namakhemikhali olususelwa ku-dicamba kungenzeka ziholele emonakalweni emapulazini amaningi ase-US.

INkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia iphika ukubuyekezwa kokulahleka kwecala leMonsanto Roundup

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

INkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia ayizukubuyekeza ukunqoba kwecala lowesilisa waseCalifornia elanqoba iMonsanto, laphinde lahlasela umnikazi waseMonsanto waseGerman, uBayer AG.

The isinqumo sokwenqaba ukubuyekezwa ecaleni likaDewayne “Lee” Johnson umaka okwakamuva ochungechungeni lokulahlekelwa yinkantolo ngenxa Bayer njengoba izama ukuqeda izindawo zokuhlala nabamangali ababalelwa ku-100,000 XNUMX abathi ngamunye noma abathandekayo bakhe bathuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kusukela ekuchayekeni kwe-Roundup nabanye ababulali bokhula baseMonsanto. Amajaji ekuhlolweni ngakunye kwezintathu okubanjwe kuze kube manje awatholanga lokho kuphela kwenkampani ukhula lwe-glyphosate-based kubangela umdlavuza kepha nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

“Sidumele ngesinqumo seNkantolo sokungabuyekezi isinqumo senkantolo yokudlulisa enkantolo ephakathi Johnson sizobheka nezinqumo zethu zomthetho ukuze siqhubeke nokubuyekeza leli cala, ”kusho uBayer esitatimendeni.  

Inkampani kaMiller, Inkampani yabameli bakaJohnson eseVirginia, ithe isinqumo seNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia siphikile “umzamo kaMonsanto wakamuva wokweqa umthwalo” ngokudala umdlavuza kaJohnson.

“Amajaji amaningi manje asekuqinisekisile ukuvumelana ngazwi linye kwejaji ukuthi iMonsanto ifihle ngenhloso ingozi yomdlavuza kaRoundup futhi yabangela uMnu. Johnson ukuba abe nomdlavuza obulalayo. Isikhathi sesifikile sokuthi iMonsanto iqede izicelo zayo ezingenasisekelo futhi ikhokhele uMnu Johnson imali emukweleta yona, ”kusho le nkampani.

Ijaji elavumelana ngazwi linye elatholakala ngo-Agasti 2018 lokuthi ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto kwabangela ukuthi uJohnson athuthukise uhlobo olubulalayo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ijaji labuye lathola ukuthi iMonsanto yenza ukufihla ubungozi bemikhiqizo yayo ngokuziphatha ngendlela emangazayo kangangokuba inkampani kufanele ikhokhele uJohnson $ 250 million ngokulimala kokujezisa ngaphezu kuka- $ 39 wezigidi kumonakalo odlule nowesikhathi esizayo.

Ngemuva kokudluliswa kwesinqumo esivela eMonsanto, ijaji lecala lanciphisa imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 289 kuya ku- $ 78 million. Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ibe isinqamula lo mklomelo waba ngu- $ 20.5 million, icaphuna iqiniso lokuthi uJohnson kwakulindeleke ukuthi aphile isikhashana nje.

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ithe yehlise indondo yomonakalo ngaphandle kokuthola kwakukhona ubufakazi "obuningi" bokuthi i-glyphosate, kanye nezinye izithako emikhiqizweni yakwaRoundup, yabangela umdlavuza kaJohnson nokuthi "kwakukhona ubufakazi obuqand 'ikhanda bokuthi uJohnson wahlupheka, futhi usazoqhubeka nokuhlupheka impilo yakhe yonke, ubuhlungu obukhulu nokuhlupheka. ”

Bobabili uMonsanto noJohnson bafuna ukubuyekezwa yiNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia, uJohnson ecela ukubuyiselwa umklomelo omkhulu wokulimala kanti uMonsanto ufuna ukuguqula isinqumo senkantolo.

IBayer ifinyelele ezindaweni zokuhlala nezinkampani ezimbalwa ezihola phambili zabameli ezimele isabelo esikhulu sezimangalo ezilethwe iMonsanto. NgoJuni, iBayer yathi izonikeza u- $ 8.8 billion kuya ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula icala.

Ikhanda likaBayer's Monsanto liyaqhubeka

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

I-migraine eyiMonsanto ibonakala ingahambi nganoma yisiphi isikhathi maduze kuBayer AG.

Imizamo yokuxazulula inqwaba yamacala alethwe e-United States ngamashumi ezinkulungwane zabantu abathi imithi yokubulala ukhula i-Roundup yabanikeza umdlavuza iyaqhubeka nokuqhubekela phambili, kepha ababheki kuwo wonke amacala asele, futhi nabamangali abanikezwanga ngezindawo zokuhlala ezivumelana nabo.

In incwadi eya kwiJaji Lesifunda laseMelika uVince Chhabria, Ummeli wase-Arizona uDavid Diamond uthe izethulo ezenziwe ngabameli ezihola izingxoxo zokuxazulula iBayer egameni labamangali azikhombisi ngokunembile isimo samakhasimende akhe. Ubalule “ukuntuleka” “kokuhlangenwe nakho okuhlobene nokuhlala” neBayer futhi wacela ukuthi iJaji uChhabria aqhubekele phambili ngamacala amaningi kaDiamond ukuze aqulwe.

“Izethulo zobuholi maqondana nokukhokhwa kwemali azimele izivumelwano zamakhasimende ami
okuhlangenwe nakho okuhlobene, izintshisekelo noma isikhundla, ”kusho uDiamond etshela ijaji.

UDiamond ubhale kule ncwadi ukuthi unamakhasimende angama-423 Roundup, afaka phakathi angama-345 anamacala asalindwe phambi kukaChabria ecaleni lamacala amaningi (MDL) eNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US esiFundeni esiseNyakatho neCalifornia. Eceleni kwe-MDL kunezinkulungwane zabamangali amacala abo asalindile ezinkantolo zombuso.

Ukufinyelela kukaDiamond kwijaji kulandele ukulalelwa ngasekupheleni kwenyanga edlule lapho amafemu amaningana aholayo enkantolo kanye nabameli bakaBayer batshele uChabria ukuthi sebesondele ekuxazululeni iningi lamacala, uma kungewona wonke, phambi kwejaji.

IBayer ifinyelele ezindaweni ezibalulekile namafemu abameli ahamba phambili abamele ingxenye enkulu yezimangalo ezilethwe iMonsanto. NgoJuni, iBayer yathi izonikeza u- $ 8.8 billion kuya ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula icala.

Kepha impikiswano nokuphikisana kuye kwacindezela ukunikezwa kokukhokha konke.

Abamangali abaningana abamele amafemu amakhulu nabakhulume ngombandela wokuthi amagama abo angasetshenziswa, bathe abahambisani nemibandela yezindawo zokuhlala, okusho ukuthi amacala abo azobhekiswa ekulamuleni futhi, uma lokho kwehluleka, ukulingwa.

Ngemuva kokuthenga iMonsanto e2018, iBayer ibisokola ukuthola ukuthi izophela kanjani enkantolo efaka abamangali abangaphezu kuka-100,000. Le nkampani ilahlekelwe yizilingo ezintathu kwezintathu ebibhekene nazo kuze kube manje futhi ilahlekelwe yizikhalazo zokuqala ezazifuna ukuguqula ukulahleka kwecala. AmaJury kwesinye nesinye sezivivinyo athola ukuthi ama-herbicides aseMonsanto's glyphosate, afana neRoundup, abangela umdlavuza nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

Imizamo yenkampani yokuxazulula leli cala iye yabekelwa eceleni yingqinamba yokuthi zingasuswa kanjani izimangalo ezingalethwa ngokuzayo ngabantu ababa nomdlavuza ngemuva kokusebenzisa imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yenkampani.

Izinkinga Zilokhu Zanda

IBayer isabise ngokuthi izofaka ukuqothuka uma ingakwazi ukuvala icala leRoundup kanti ngoLwesithathu inkampani ikhiphe isexwayiso senzuzo futhi yamemezela izigidigidi zokuncishiswa kwezindleko, icaphuna “umbono ophansi kunalindelekile emakethe yezolimo” phakathi kwezinye izinto. Lezi zindaba zithumele amasheya enkampanini ewayo.

Ekubikeni izinkinga zikaBayer UBarron uqaphele: “Izinkinga zilokhu zanda njalo kuBayer nakubatshalizimali bayo, okumanje kumele basebenzise njalo izindaba ezingadumisi. Isitokwe manje sehle ngaphezu kuka-50% selokhu isivumelwano seMonsanto savalwa ngoJuni 2018. "Lokhu kubuyekezwa kwakamuva kunezela ecaleni lokuthi isivumelwano seMonsanto sibe ngesinye sezimo ezimbi kakhulu emlandweni wezinkampani."

Izilingo zomdlavuza weRoundup zisasongela iBayer, kepha izingxoxo zokuxazulula ziyaqhubeka

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Abameli bomnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG kanye nabamangali abamangalela uMonsanto batshele ijaji lombuso ngoLwesine ukuthi bayaqhubeka nokwenza inqubekela phambili ekuxazululeni amacala asezweni lonke alethwe ngabantu abathi iMoonanto's Roundup ibenze baba nomdlavuza.

Ekulalelweni kwevidiyo, ummeli weBayer uWilliam Hoffman utshele iJaji Lesifunda lase-US uVince Chhabria ukuthi inkampani ifinyelele kwizivumelwano - noma isizofinyelela kwizivumelwano - ukuxazulula amacala angaphezu kuka-3,000 XNUMX aqoqelwe enkantolo yamacala amaningi (MDL) afakwe eNkantolo yesiFunda yase-US isifunda esiseNyakatho yeCalifornia.

Le nkampani ngokwehlukana isivele ixazulule izinkulungwane zamacala angaphandle kwe-MDL, amacala abelokhu eqhubeka ezinkantolo zombuso. Kodwa impikiswano nokuphikisana kuye kwaphazamisa ukunikezwa kokukhokhelwa ngokuphelele, ngezinsolo ezivela kumafemu abanye abamangali okuthi iBayer ibuyise izivumelwano ezifinyelelwe ezinyangeni ezedlule, kanti amafemu abanye abamangali angafuni ukuvumelana nalokho abakubheka njengokungeneli okwenziwe yiBayer.

Akukho obekuxoxwa ngakho ngalezo zikhalazo, nokho, ekulalelweni kwangoLwesine, izinhlangothi zombili ziveza imibono ethembayo.

“Inkampani iqhubekele phambili yaphothula izivumelwano eziningana namafemu…. sethemba nokuthi sizophothula ezinye izivumelwano ezinsukwini ezimbalwa ezizayo, ”kusho uHoffman etshela ijaji.

“Lapho sikhona njengamanje… lezi zibalo zilinganiselwe ngandlela thile kodwa ngicabanga ukuthi zisondele ngokufanelekile: Kunamacala angaba ngu-1,750 angaphansi kwezivumelwano eziphakathi kwenkampani nezinkampani zabameli namanye amacala abalelwa ku-1,850 kuya ku-1,900 asezigabeni ezahlukahlukene zengxoxo njengamanje, ”kusho uHoffman. "Sisebenzela ukwenza uhlelo lokusheshisa izingxoxo futhi ngethemba lokuthi sizoletha izivumelwano nalawo mafemu."

Ummeli wabamangali uBrent Wisner utshele ijaji ukuthi kubalulekile ukuthi wazi ukuthi kusele “amacala ambalwa” ngaphakathi kwe-MDL angakaxazululwa kuze kube manje. Kodwa, uthe - "Silindele ukuthi bazoba khona maduze."

IJaji uChhabria uthe ngokwenqubekela phambili uzoqhubeka nokuhlala kwamacala eRoundup kuze kube nguNovemba 2 kodwa uzoqala ukuhambisa amacala enkantolo uma engaxazululwa yilelo phuzu.

Ukusebenza Okubi kweBayer Kusolwa Ngokuthi

Ithoni yokubambisana evezwe ekulalelweni kwangoLwesine ibikude kakhulu nokulalelwa okwenziwe ngenyanga edlule lapho ummeli wabamangali u-Aimee Wagstaff  utshele iJaji uChhabria ukuthi iBayer ibingahloniphi izivumelwano zokuhlala okwenziwe okwesikhashana ezenziwe ngoMashi futhi bezihlose ukuphothulwa ngoJulayi.

IBayer yamemezela ngoJuni ukuthi ifinyelele esivumelwaneni samaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyishumi namafemu abameli baseMelika ukuxazulula iningi lezicelo zomdlavuza weRoundup ezingaphezu kuka-10. Kodwa ngaleso sikhathi amafemu abameli abaphambili kuphela ababehola amacala ayenezivumelwano zokugcina ezazisayinwe neBayer kwakunguMiller Firm neWeitz & Luxenburg.

Isivumelwano seMiller Firm sisodwa sifike ku- $ 849 wezigidi ukumboza izimangalo zamakhasimende angaphezu kuka-5,000 XNUMX Roundup, ngokusho kwemibhalo yezokukhokha.

Ezinze eCalifornia Baum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman Inkampani yezomthetho; i Andrus Wagstaff iqinile evela eColorado; kanye ne- Moore Law Group YaseKentucky yayinezivumelwano zokuzama kodwa hhayi izivumelwano zokugcina.

Ngokwencwadi ebhalwe nguWagstaff efakwe enkantolo, uBayer ucele ukwelulwa kaninginingi kuze kube yilapho isivumelwano nenkampani yakhe sihluleka maphakathi no-Agasti. Ngemuva kokubika izindaba kuJaji Chhabria, izingxoxo zokuxazulula izinkinga zaqala futhi zaba ekugcineni ixazululwe ngamafemu amathathu kulenyanga.

Imininingwane ethile lokuthi izindawo zokuhlala izophathwa zifakwe ekuqaleni kwaleli sonto enkantolo eMissouri. IGarretson Resolution Group, Inc., eyenza ibhizinisi njenge-Epiq Mass Tort, izosebenza njenge-
"Umlawuli Wokuxazululwa Kwamanga, ” ngokwesibonelo, kumakhasimende ka-Andrus Wagstaff amadola akhe okuzokhokha azodinga ukuthi asetshenziswe ngokwengxenye noma ephelele ukubuyisa izindleko zokwelashwa komdlavuza ezikhokhwe yi-Medicare.

UBayer uthenge iMonsanto e2018 ngesikhathi kuqala ukuhlolwa komdlavuza we-Roundup. Selokhu lalahlekelwa zontathu lezi zivivinyo ezintathu ebezibanjelwe kuze kube manje futhi selilahlekelwe imizamo yokuqala yokudlulisa amacala efuna ukuguqula ukulahleka kwecala. Amajaji kwesinye nesinye sezivivinyo athola ukuthi ama-herbicides kaMonsanto enza umdlavuza nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

Imiklomelo yamajaji ifinyelele ngaphezu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 2, yize izahlulelo ziyalelwe ukuthi zincishiswe ngamajaji asenkantolo yokuqulwa kwamacala.

IBayer ibisabise ngokuthi izofaka izicelo zokuqothuka uma kungatholakali indawo yokuhlala yonke, ngokusho kwezokuxhumana kusukela kumafemu wabamangali kuya kumakhasimende abo.

I-Bayer inks isebenza nezinkampani ezintathu zomthetho womdlavuza weRoundup njengoba ukuhlala kuqhubeka

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

IBayer AG ifinyelele emigomeni yokugcina nezinkampani ezintathu zabameli ezimele izinkulungwane zabamangali abathi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto i-glyphosate kubangele ukuthi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Amadili amasha enziwe nge-California Baum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman Inkampani yezomthetho; i Andrus Wagstaff iqinile evela eColorado; kanye ne- Moore Law Group waseKentucky. Amafemu ngalinye lafaka isaziso ngezibambiso neNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US yesiFunda esiseNyakatho neCalifornia ngoMsombuluko.

Amadili eza ngemuva kwezinsolo zezinkampani ezintathu zabameli zokuthi iBayer ibiphikisana nezivumelwano esezenziwe ezinyangeni ezedlule. Amafemu atshele inkantolo ngoMsombuluko ukuthi manje ngamunye wabo "banesivumelwano esisebenza ngokuphelele futhi esibophayo neMonsanto."

Ngokuphawulekile, amadili abonisa isinyathelo esibucayi ekuletheni ukuvalwa kwecala lokuhlukunyezwa kwabantu abaningi elineminyaka emihlanu manje elinamacala angaphezu kuka-100,000 alethwe ngabantu abavela e-United States abasebenzisa i-Roundup namanye ama-herbicides asuselwa e-glyphosate enziwe nguMonsanto ngaphambi kokuba waba nomdlavuza.

UBayer uthenge iMonsanto e2018 ngesikhathi kuqala ukuhlolwa komdlavuza we-Roundup. Selokhu lalahlekelwa zontathu lezi zivivinyo ezintathu ebezibanjelwe kuze kube manje futhi selilahlekelwe imizamo yokuqala yokudlulisa amacala efuna ukuguqula ukulahleka kwecala. Amajaji kwesinye nesinye sezivivinyo athola ukuthi ama-herbicides kaMonsanto enza umdlavuza nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

Imiklomelo yamajaji ifinyelele ngaphezu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 2, yize izahlulelo ziyalelwe ukuthi zincishiswe ngamajaji asenkantolo yokuqulwa kwamacala.

IBayer ibisabise ngokuthi izofaka izicelo zokuqothuka uma kungatholakali isixazululo ezweni lonke, ngokusho kwezokuxhumana okuvela ezinkampanini zabamangali kumakhasimende abo.

IBayer yamemezela ngoJuni ukuthi ifinyelele esivumelwaneni samaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyishumi namafemu abameli baseMelika ukuxazulula iningi lezicelo zomdlavuza weRoundup ezingaphezu kuka-10. Kodwa ngaleso sikhathi yizinhlaka ezimbili kuphela ezinkampanini zabameli ezazithweswe amacala amakhulu ezazinezivumelwano zokugcina ezazisayinwe neBayer - The Miller Firm neWeitz & Luxenburg, ngokusho kwemithombo esondelene nezingxoxo. Inkampani iBaum, i-Andrus Wagstaff kanye ne-Moore babe nezivumelwano zokuvumelana kepha hhayi izivumelwano zokugcina, kusho imithombo.

Imizamo yenkampani yokuxazulula leli cala iye yabekelwa eceleni yingqinamba yokuthi zingasuswa kanjani izimangalo ezingalethwa ngokuzayo ngabantu ababa nomdlavuza ngemuva kokusebenzisa imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yenkampani. UBayer uzame ukuthola imvume yenkantolo ngohlelo obekuzobambezela ukufakwa kwamacala amasha omdlavuza weRoundup iminyaka emine, futhi bekuzosungula "iphaneli lesayensi" elinamalungu amahlanu ukunquma ukuthi ngabe iRoundup ingadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, futhi uma kunjalo , kumazinga aphansi okuvezwa. Uma ngabe iphaneli linqume ukuthi akukho ukuxhumana okuyimbangela phakathi kwe-Roundup ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma lapho-ke amalungu ekilasi azovinjelwa ekufuneni okuzayo esikhathini esizayo.

Ijaji lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria wenqaba uhlelo,  ukuthumela iBayer emuva ebhodini lokudweba.

UBayer wayenakho kusho ngoLwesine ukuthi ibisenza inqubekela phambili ekusetshenzisweni kohlelo “olubukeziwe” lokuxazulula amacala angaba khona we-Roundup angakusasa. Imininingwane yohlelo lwesigaba esibuyekeziwe izophothulwa emasontweni azayo, ngokusho kweBayer.

Abamangali abaningana bebengajabule ngalesi sikhalazo, bethi ngeke bathole imali eningi yize beneminyaka yokwelashwa okubizayo komdlavuza kanye nobuhlungu nokuhlupheka okuqhubekayo. Ngempela, abamangali abaningi bashonile besalinde isinqumo.

NgoSepthemba 9, abameli bakaMarie Bernice Dinner nomyeni wakhe uBruce Dinner bafaka isicelo enkantolo sokuthi uMarie oneminyaka engu-73 ubudala washona ngoJuni 2 evela ku-non-Hodgkin lymphoma yena nomyeni wakhe abasolwa ukuthi babangelwa ukuvezwa kwakhe ngababulali bokhula baseMonsanto .

Abameli bakaBruce Dinner bacele inkantolo ukuthi ibavumele ukuthi bachithe isikhalazo ngeMonsanto ukufaka isimangalo sokufa ngokungekho emthethweni. Lezi zithandani bezishade iminyaka engama-53 futhi zinezingane ezimbili nabazukulu abane.

“UMarie Bernice wayengumuntu ongajwayelekile. Ukufa kwakhe bekufanele kuvinjelwe, ”kusho ummeli uBeth Klein, omele umndeni.

IGlyphosate embizeni yenkukhu esetshenziswa njengomanyolo ilimaza ukukhiqizwa kokudla, abacwaningi bathi

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ososayensi baveze izindaba ezimbi kakhulu maqondana ne-herbicide glyphosate, esaziwa kangcono njenge-Roundup, ephepheni elisha locwaningo elishicilelwe kule nyanga.

Abaphenyi abavela eNyuvesi yaseTurku eFinland kuvezwe ephepheni eshicilelwe encwadini  Isayensi Yendawo Ephelele lowo manyolo ovela enkukhu esetshenziswa njengomanyolo unganciphisa isivuno sezitshalo lapho umquba uqukethe izinsalela zemithi yokubulala ukhula esekwe ku-glyphosate, njenge-Roundup. Umanyolo wenzelwe ukwandisa ukukhiqizwa kwezitshalo, ngakho-ke ubufakazi bokuthi izinsalela ze-glyphosate zingaba nomphumela ophambene bubalulekile.

Imfucumfucu yenkukhu, njengoba umquba ubizwa kanjalo, uvame ukusetshenziswa njengomanyolo, kufaka phakathi ezolimo eziphilayo, ngoba kubhekwa njengokucebile ngezakhamzimba ezibalulekile. Ukusetshenziswa kukadoti wenkukhu njengoba umanyolo ubulokhu ukhula kokubili ekulimeni nasekulimeni nasezingadini zasekhaya.

Ngenkathi ukusetshenziswa kukhula, “izingozi ezingaba khona ezihambisana nokuqongelelwa kwemithi emqubeni wezinkukhu zisazitshwa kakhulu,” kuxwayisa abacwaningi baseFinland.

Abalimi be-organic bebelokhu bekhula bekhathazeka ngokwengeziwe ngemikhondo ye-glyphosate kumanyolo womquba ovunyelwe ekukhiqizeni okuphilayo, kepha abaningi embonini bayanqikaza ukwazisa ngalolu daba.

Abalimi bafafaza i-glyphosate ngqo ezitshalweni eziningi ezitshalwe emhlabeni wonke, kufaka phakathi ubhontshisi, ummbila, ukotini, i-canola nezinye izitshalo ezakhiwe ngofuzo ukumelana nokwelashwa kwe-glyphosate. Zivamise futhi ukufafaza ngqo izitshalo ezinjengokolweni nama-oats, ezingakhiqiwe izakhi zofuzo - ngaphambi nje kokuvuna ukomisa izitshalo.

Njengoba kunikezwe inani lama-herbicides asuselwa ku-glyphosate asetshenziselwa ukwelapha izitshalo ezisetshenziswa ekudleni kwezilwane, kanye nenani lomquba osetshenziswe njengomanyolo, "kufanele sazi nakanjani ukuthi lolu hlobo lwengozi lukhona," kusho omunye wabalobi yokufunda, u-Anne Muola.

"Akekho obonakala ezimisele kakhulu ukukhuluma kakhulu ngakho." UMuola uqaphele.

Ukusetshenziswa okunzima kwe-glyphosate herbicides ngqo ezitshalweni zokudla kukhuthazwe yiMonsanto - manje eyiyunithi yeBayer AG - kusukela ngawo-1990, kanti ukusetshenziswa kwe-glyphosate kutholakala yonke indawo kangangokuba izinsalela zitholakala kakhulu emasampulini okudla, amanzi ngisho nomoya.

Ngenxa yokuthi kunezinsalela ze-glyphosate ekudleni kwabantu nezilwane, amazinga we-glyphosate atholakala ngokuvamile atholakala emqubeni womuntu nomquba wezilwane.

Lezi zinsalela ze-glyphosate kumanyolo ziyinkinga yabalimi ngezizathu eziningi, ngokusho kwabaphenyi baseFinland.

"Sithole ukuthi umquba wezinkukhu ungathola izinsalela eziphakeme ze- (glyphosate-based herbicides), wehlise ukukhula kwezitshalo nokuzala, futhi ngaleyo ndlela uvimbele imiphumela ekhuthaza ukukhula komquba lapho usetshenziswa njengomanyolo," kusho leli phepha. "Le miphumela ikhombisa ukuthi izinsalela zidlula enqubeni yokugaya izinyoni, futhi okubaluleke kakhulu, ziyaqhubeka zikumanyolo womquba isikhathi eside."

Abaphenyi bathi izinsalela ze-glyphosate zingaqhubeka ezinhlelweni zemvelo, zithinte izinto eziningana ezingezona okubhekiswe kuzo eminyakeni eminingi.

Imiphumela, bathi ifaka phakathi ukwehla kokusebenza komquba njengomanyolo; ukungcola okuhlala isikhathi eside okususelwa ku-glyphosate-based herbicide kwemijikelezo yezolimo; Ukungcoliswa “okungalawulwa” kwe-glyphosate yezindawo ezingabhekiwe; ukwanda kosongo "ezintweni ezisengozini ezingezona okubhekiswe kuzo," kanye nengozi eyengeziwe yokuphikiswa okuvela ku-glyphosate.

Abaphenyi bathi kufanele kwenziwe ezinye izifundo ukudalula ubukhulu bokungcola kwe-glyphosate kumanyolo wezinto eziphilayo nokuthi lokho kukuthinta kanjani ukusimama.

Ucwaningo lwaseFinland lunezela ebufakazini bezingozi zezinsalela ze-glyphosate kumanyolo, ngokusho kochwepheshe bezolimo.

"Imithelela yensalela ye-glyphosate eye yaqoqelwa ezindle zezinkukhu yindawo enganakwa kakhulu yocwaningo," kusho usosayensi wenhlabathi waseRodale Institute, uDkt. Yichao Rui. “Kodwa ucwaningo olukhona lukhombisile ukuthi lezo zinsalela zingaba nomthelela omubi ezitshalweni, uma umquba wezinkukhu ubusetshenziswa njengomanyolo. Izinsalela zeGlyphosate kumanyolo zikhonjisiwe ukuthi zinemiphumela engemihle ezitshalweni, kuma-microbiomes omhlabathi, nakwamagciwane ahambisana nezitshalo nezilwane kufaka phakathi abantu ngohlu lokudla. Lapho lokhu kungcola kusakazwa kungahloswanga ngomanyolo, kubangela ubunzima obukhulu emisebenzini nasezinsizakalweni zezinto eziphilayo. ”

Emhlabeni jikelele amathani ayizigidi eziyi-9.4 ye-glyphosate kufuthwe emasimini - okwanele ukufafaza cishe isigamu sephawundi leRoundup kuwo wonke amahektare alinyiwe emhlabeni.

Ngo-2015, i-World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) i-glyphosate ehlukanisiwe njengo-mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic kubantu”Ngemuva kokubukeza iminyaka yocwaningo lwesayensi olushicilelwe nolubuyekezwa ontanga. Ithimba lososayensi bamazwe omhlaba lithole ukuthi kukhona ukuhlangana okuthile phakathi kwe-glyphosate ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zabantu e-United States abaphethwe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma umangalele uMonsanto, nasezivivinyweni ezintathu ezigcinwe kuze kube yimanje, amajaji atholile ukuthi i-glyphosate herbicides yenkampani bekufanele isolwe ngokudala umdlavuza.

Ngokwengeziwe, i ukuhlanganiswa kwezifundo zezilwane kukhishwe kuleli hlobo kukhombisa ukuthi ukuvezwa kwe-glyphosate kunomthelela ezithweni zokuzala futhi kungasongela ukuzala, kungeze nobufakazi obusha bokuthi umenzeli wokubulala ukhula angaba ukuphazamiseka kwe-endocrine. Amakhemikhali aphazamisa i-Endocrine angalingisa noma aphazamise amahomoni omzimba futhi axhumene nezinkinga zokukhula nokuzala kanye nokungasebenzi kahle kobuchopho namasosha omzimba.