I-American Council on Science and Health iyiCorporate Front Group

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Kubuyekezwe ngoJulayi 2019

I-American Council on Science and Health (ACSH) kuzibiza "inhlangano yokukhuthaza abathengi abathengi besayensi" kanye nabezindaba bavame ukucaphuna iqembu njengomthombo ozimele wesayensi; kodwa-ke, imibhalo echazwe kuleli qiniso ibonisa ukuthi i-ACSH iyiqembu eliphambili lezinkampani elicela imali ezinkampanini zikagwayi, zamakhemikhali, zezimonyo, zemithi kanye nezinye ukuze zivikele futhi zithuthukise imikhiqizo yazo. Leli qembu alizidaluli izimali zalo.

Imibhalo esemqoka:

  • Ama-imeyili avela ku-2015 akhishwe ngokutholakala aveza lokho IMonsanto exhaswe yi-ACSH futhi wacela iqembu ukuthi siza ukuvikela i-glyphosate.
  • Imibhalo yezimali eputshukile kusukela ngo-2012 kusungulwa ukuthi i-ACSH icela imali ezinkampanini ngemikhankaso yokuvikela umkhiqizo. Abanikeli bahlanganisa izinkampani eziningi ezahlukahlukene kanye namaqembu ezimboni.
  • Ama-imeyili asuka ku-2009 khombisa ukuthi i-ACSH icele ama- $ 100,000 kwaSyngenta ukuthi babhale iphepha futhi babhukhe ngomuthi wokubulala izinambuzane waseSyngenta. Ngo-2011, i-ACSH yakhipha i- incwadi kaJon Entine kufana nephrojekthi echazwe ku-imeyili.
  • ISyngenta neMonsanto bebelokhu benikela njalo ku-ACSH kule minyaka edlule, ama-imeyili akhombisa.

IMonsanto ixhasa i-ACSH ukuvikela imikhiqizo yeMonsanto

Ama-imeyili akhishwe ngo-Ephreli 2019 aveza lokho IMonsanto yavuma ukuxhasa i-ACSH ngo-2015 futhi ngacela iqembu ukuthi lisize ukuvikela i-glyphosate ekukhathazekeni komdlavuza okuphakanyiswe yi-International Agency for Research. I-ACSH ivumile ukwenza lokho, kwathi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi yahlasela lo mbiko womdlavuza ngokuthi “ukukhwabanisa kwesayensi. ” Ama-imeyili akhanyisa ukuthembela kwe-ACSH emalini yezinkampani kanye nemizamo yokujabulisa abaxhasi bayo. Owayengumphathi obambile we-ACSH uGil Ross (ngubani wachitha isikhathi ejele Ukukhwabanisa kweMedicaid) wabhalela isikhulu seMonsanto, "Usuku nosuku, sisebenza kanzima ukukhombisa ukubaluleka kwethu ezinkampanini ezinjengeMonsanto." URoss wabhala:

Ama-imeyili akhombisa lokho Abaphathi beMonsanto bakhokha i-ACSH yize bengaphathekile kahle eqenjini. Ohola phambili kwezesayensi kwaMonsanto uDaniel Goldstein waphokophela i-ACSH kozakwabo, futhi wabathumela izixhumanisi ezihlokweni ezingama-53 ze-ACSH, izincwadi ezimbili kanye nokubuyekezwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane akuchaze ngokuthi “KUSEBENZISA KAKHULU.” UGoldstein wabhala:

Isidlali esiyinhloko kunethiwekhi yenkulumo-ze kaMonsanto

Uphenyo oluthola imiklomelo olwenziwe nguLe Monde eMonsanto “impi nesayensi”Ukuvikela i-glyphosate eqanjwe i-American Council on Science and Health phakathi kwamawebhusayithi“ we-propaganda awaziwayo ”adlale indima enkulu ekuhlaseleni ososayensi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza. NgoMeyi 2017, abameli babamangali abamangalela uMonsanto mayelana nokukhathazeka ngomdlavuza we-glyphosate Kusho kafushane: “IMonsanto ifaka buthule imali 'yamathangi okucabanga' njenge 'Genetic Literacy Project' kanye 'ne-American Council on Science and Health,' izinhlangano ebezihlose ukuhlazisa ososayensi nokuqhakambisa imininingwane ewusizo eMonsanto nakwabanye abakhiqizi bamakhemikhali.”

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know aveza ukuthi iMonsanto yaqala yakhetha i-ACSH ukuthi ishicilele uchungechunge lwamaphepha e-pro-GMO anikezwa osolwazi nguMonsanto futhi "athengiswa" yinkampani ye-PR ukuze ibakhuthaze kakhulu njengabazimele. Isikhulu seMonsanto u-Eric Sachs ubhalele osolwazi: “Ukuqinisekisa ukuthi amaphepha anomthelela omkhulu, i-American Council for Science and Health ibambisene neCMA Consulting ukuqhuba lo msebenzi. Izinqubomgomo zenqubomgomo ezigcwalisiwe zizonikezwa kuwebhusayithi ye-ACSH… i-CMA ne-ACSH nayo izothengisa ngezifinyezo zenqubomgomo, kufaka phakathi ukwakhiwa kwezinto ezithile zemidiya, ezinjenge-op-eds, ukuthunyelwa kwama-blog, izingxoxo zokuxoxa, imicimbi, ama-webinar, njll. ” I- ekugcineni amaphepha ashicilelwa by Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project ngaphandle kokudalulwa kwendima kaMonsanto.

Phakathi ku umbiko ovela eNdlu yabamele i-US, abaphenyi bebandla bathi iMonsanto isebenzisa “amaqembu ezentengiselwano, njengeCropLife namaqembu aphambili embonini, njengeGenetic Literacy Project kanye ne-Academics Review njengamapulatifomu okusekela abakhulumela imboni.”

Imibhalo ye-ACSH evuzayo iveza isu lezezimali lezokuvikela

U-2012 oputshukile Isifinyezo sezezimali se-ACSH ibikwe umama Jones uveze ukuthi i-ACSH ithole uxhaso kwinani elikhulu lezinkampani kanye namaqembu ezimboni anengxenye yezezimali ekuthumeleni imiyalezo i-ACSH ikhuthaza - futhi ikhombise ukuthi i-ACSH icela kanjani iminikelo yenkampani yemikhankaso yokuvikela umkhiqizo. Isibonelo, idokhumenti ichaza:

  • Izinhlelo zokufaka iVinyl Institute “ngaphambili eyayisekela umbiko we-chlorine nowezempilo”
  • Izinhlelo zokufaka izinkampani zokudla ngomkhankaso wemiyalezo wokuphikisana nokulebula kwe-GMO
  • Izinhlelo zokufaka izinkampani zezimonyo ukulwa "nengcindezi yokuguqula kabusha" eMkhankasweni Wezokuphepha Eziphephile
  • Imizamo yenkantolo yezinkampani zikagwayi neze-e-cigaret

UMama Jones ubike ukuthi, "Abanikeli be-ACSH kanye nalabo abangabaxhasa iqembu bekulokhu kubhekiswe kubo ukuthi ngubani-ngubani wezamandla, ezolimo, izimonyo, ukudla, i-soda, amakhemikhali, amakhemikhali, kanye nezinkampani zikagwayi." Imininingwane yezimali:

  • Abaxhasi be-ACSH engxenyeni yesibili yonyaka ka-2012 bahlanganisa i-DRM, Coca-Cola, iBristol Myers Squibb Foundation, uDkt Pepper / Snapple, Bayer Cropscience, Procter noGamble, Syngenta, 3M, McDonald's, kanye ne-coconferate e-Altria. I-ACSH iphinde yafuna ukwesekwa kwezezimali yiPepsi, Monsanto, British American Tobacco, DowAgro, ExxonMobil Foundation, Philip Morris International, Reynolds American, i-Koch elawulwa ngumndeni uClaude R. Lambe Foundation, i-Dow-linked Gerstacker Foundation, iBradley Foundation neSearle Freedom Ukwethemba.
  • UReynolds American noPhillip Morris International yibona ababengabanikeli abakhulu kunabo bonke ababalulwe kule mibhalo.

Ukuxhaswa kweSyngenta, ukuzivikela kweSyngenta

Ngo-2011, i-ACSH yashicilela incwadi ekhuluma nge “chemophobia” eyabhalwa nguJon Entine, manje ongumqondisi omkhulu we IGenetic Literacy Project, elinye iqembu eliphambili lokho kusebenza neMonsanto. Incwadi ka-Entine's ACSH ivikele i-atrazine, isibulala-zinambuzane esenziwe yiSyngenta, ebixhasa i-ACSH.

A 2012 Isihloko sikaMama Jones ichaza izimo eziholela encwadini. Ichazwa indatshana kaTom Philpott, esekwe ngokwengxenye emibhalweni yenkampani yangaphakathi etholwe yiCentre for Media and Democracy Imizamo kaSyngenta PR ukuthola ababambisene nabo abavela eceleni ukusakaza izindaba zabezindaba we-atrazine.

Ngesinye imeyili kusuka ngo-2009, Abasebenzi be-ACSH bacele iSyngenta imali eyengeziwe engu- $ 100,000 - “ehlukile futhi ehlukile kunokwesekwa kokusebenza okujwayelekile iSyngenta ibilokhu inikela ngokukhululeka eminyakeni edlule” - ukukhiqiza iphepha elilungele i-atrazine kanye ne "ncwajana elungele abathengi" ukusiza ukufundisa abezindaba nososayensi.

I-imeyili evela emsebenzini ka-ASCH uGil Ross eya eSyngenta mayelana nephrojekthi ye-atrazine ehlongozwayo:

Ngemuva konyaka nohhafu, i-ACSH yashicilela incwadi ka-Entine ngokukhishwa kwabezindaba lokho kuzwakala kufana nephrojekthi uRoss echazwe kweyakhe ukucela i-imeyili eSyngenta: “UMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo uyajabula ukumemezela incwadi entsha nomngane wephepha lokuma elinobungane, elifushanisiwe” ngokuphendula “ukwesaba okungenangqondo kwamakhemikhali.” Umbhali uJon Entine ubuphikile ubudlelwano bakhe noSyngenta futhi watshela uPhilpott ukuthi “akazi” ukuthi uSyngenta uxhasa i-ACSH.

Abasebenzi be-ACSH

  • Isikhathi eside se-ACSH “UMqondisi Wezokwelapha / Ophethe" UDkt Gilbert Ross utholwe enecala lokuqola uhlelo lweMedicaid ngaphambi kokujoyina i-ACSH. Bona imibhalo yasenkantolo mayelana nokuningi kukaDkt. Ross ukulahlwa ngamacala okukhwabanisa futhi ukugwetshwa, nendatshana kuMama Jones “Kufaka uDkt Ross”(2005). UDkt. Ross watholakala "engumuntu ongathembeki kakhulu" yijaji elasekela ukukhishwa kukaDkt Ross eMedicaid iminyaka eyishumi (bheka okungeziwe izinkomba futhi umbhalo wenkantolo).
  • Ngo-Juni 2015, Hank campbell uthathe ubuholi be-ACSH kusuka esebenza Umongameli (futhi owalahlwa yicala) UDkt Gilbert Ross. UCampbell usebenzile izinkampani ezithuthukisa ama-software ngaphambi kokuqala iwebhusayithi iScience 2.0 ngo-2006. Ngo incwadi yakhe yango-2012 no-Alex Berezow, "Isayensi Ishiywe Ngemuva: Zizwa Amanga Ahle kanye Nokuphakama Kwesobunxele Kwesayensi," uCampbell uchaza imvelaphi yakhe: "eminyakeni eyisithupha eyedlule… nginqume ukuthi ngifuna ukubhala isayensi kwi-Intanethi ... ngaphandle kwentshiseko nomqondo, ngaya emhlabeni abantu abadumile ngokungisiza ngakhe kabusha indlela isayensi engenziwa ngayo, futhi bakwenza mahhala. ” UCampbell uhambe ngokuzumayo ngaphansi kwezimo ezingaziwa ngoDisemba 2018. Funda kabanzi mayelana neCampbell lapha.
  • Umbhali wencwadi kaCampbell, U-Alex Berezow, manje usekela mongameli wezindaba zesayensi e-ACSH. Ungumhleli wokusungula weReal Clear Science futhi usebhodini labahleli be-USA Today kodwa yi-USA Today ayikudaluli ukuhlangana kwe-ACSH neBerezow noma uxhaso lwezinkampani lwe-ACSH yize kunezikhalazo eziphindaphindwayo (imininingwane eminingi ngezansi).

Abaholi nabeluleki: izibopho zikagwayi nokwenqatshelwa kwesayensi yezulu  

I-ACSH ibhodi labaphatheli kuhlanganisa UFred L. Smith Jr., umsunguli we-Competitive Enterprises Institute, ohola phambili umgqugquzeli wokwenqatshelwa kwesayensi yezulu neqembu eline ithole izigidi zamaRandi kusuka ku-Exxon Mobile kanye imoto yokuxhasa ngemali emnyama Abaxhasi Trust.  USmith no-CEI futhi banomlando wokulwa nemithetho kagwayi nokucela imali embonini kagwayi, ngokusho kwemibhalo evela ku Ingobo yomlando ye-UCSF yeQiniso leMboni kaGwayi. 

UJames Enstrom futhi UGeoffrey Kabat, odokotela bezifo ezimbili abathathe imali ezinkampanini zikagwayi babhala izifundo bavikela imikhiqizo kagwayi, nabo banobudlelwano be-ACSH. UDkt Enstrom uyilungu le-ACSH ibhodi labaphatheli futhi uDkt. Kabat usebenzaibhodi lezempilo labeluleki besayensi“. Bobabili ososayensi “banezixhumano ezinde zezezimali nobunye bokusebenzisana nomkhakha kagwayi,” ngokusho kuka- iphepha ku-BMJ Tobacco Control.

Ngo-2003 ocashunwe kabanzi iphepha kwaBMJ, Kabat nase-Enstrom baphethe ngokuthi intuthu kagwayi ayikhuphuli ingozi yomdlavuza wamaphaphu nesifo senhliziyo. Ucwaningo beluxhaswe ngokwengxenye yiCentre for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), okuyiqembu lomkhakha kagwayi. Yize leyo mali yadalulwa, kwalandelwa ukuhlaziywa ku-BMJ Tobacco Control kutholakale ukuthi ukudalulwa ngu-Enstrom noKabat “akuzange kunikeze umfundi isithombe esigcwele sokubandakanyeka kwemboni kagwayi nababhali bezocwaningo.” Leli phepha lichaza izibopho eziningi zezezimali phakathi kwe-Enstrom nemboni kagwayi.

I-Enstrom iziphikisile lezi zimangalo ku- I-athikili ka-2007 ku-Epidemiological Perspectives and Innovation, ephikisa ngokuthi ukuxhaswa kwakhe nezintshisekelo ezincintisanayo kuchazwe ngokusobala nangendlela efanele ephepheni leBMJ lango-2003, nokuthi imali yezimboni zikagwayi ayizange ibe nomthelela ocwaningweni lwakhe. "Kuze kube manje, akukho okungahambi ngendlela, ukwenzelela noma ukungenzi okuthile okutholakele ohlelweni lokubuyekeza futhi akukho phutha emiphumeleni ekhonjwe ephepheni," kusho u-Enstrom.

Ama-imeyili avela ku-2014 afaka uDkt Enstrom ekhuluma nomphiki odumile wesayensi yezulu uFred Singer imibono yoku ukuhlasela nokudicilela phansi ososayensi ababili ababebambe iqhaza kule filimu “Abathengisi Bokungabaza: Indlela Ososayensi Abambalwa Abalitholile Ngayo Iqiniso Ezindabeni Ezisuka Emoyeni Wogwayi Kuya Ekushiseni Komhlaba Wonke, ”Nokuthi uzama yini ukumisa ukukhishwa kwefilimu ngecala. Ngeminye imininingwane, bona ibhulogi yakwaDeSmog, “Isibhamu Sikagwayi Sokuqasha UJames Enstrom, uWillie Ngokushesha kanye Nabahlaseli Besimo Sezulu Bahlasela Abathengisi Bokungabaza”(Mashi 2015).

UDkt Kabat futhi usebhodini labaqondisi lenhlangano yabazali ye- I-Genetic Literacy Project, iqembu eliphambili esebenza neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR ngenkathi ithi izimele. Funda kabanzi ngomsebenzi wakhe ekhasini lethu lamaqiniso, Izibopho zikaGeoffrey Kabat kumaQembu Wezimboni Zikagwayi Namakhemikhali

Izitatimende ezingalungile ngesayensi 

UMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo ubanga ukuthi:

  • "Abukho ubufakazi bokuthi ukuhogela intuthu kagwayi kuhlanganisa ukuhlaselwa yinhliziyo noma ukuboshwa kwenhliziyo." Ijenali kaWinston-Salem, 2012
  • “Akukho ukuvumelana okungokwesayensi mayelana nokufudumala kwembulunga yonke.” ACSH, 1998 (IGreenpeace ine kuchazwe i-ACSH iqembu lokuqala "lokuphika isimo sezulu seKoch Industries")
  • "Akukaze kube nezehlakalo zokugula ezihlobene nokusetshenziswa nokulawulwa kwemithi yokubulala izinambuzane kuleli." Umtapo Wezincwadi Zikagwayi, i-UCSF, Intuthuko Yokubumbana Kwesayensi Yomsindo ikhasi lombhalo 9, 1995
  • "Abukho ubufakazi bokuthi i-BPA [bisphenol A] emikhiqizweni yanoma yiluphi uhlobo, okubandakanya amarisidi erejista yemali, iyingozi empilweni." ACSH, 2012
  • ukuchayeka kwi-mercury, i-neurotoxin enamandla, “ekudleni kwasolwandle okuvamile akulimazi abantu.” ACSH, 2010.

Imiyalezo yakamuva ye-ACSH iyaqhubeka esihlokweni esifanayo, iphika ubungozi obuvela emikhiqizweni ebalulekile kumakhemikhali, ugwayi nezinye izimboni, nokwenza ukuhlaselwa kaningi kososayensi, izintatheli nabanye abaphakamisa ukukhathazeka.

  • I-2016 "top junk science" iposi nge-ACSH iyaphika ukuthi amakhemikhali angadala ukuphazamiseka kwe-endocrine; ivikela i-e-cigarettes, vaping ne-soda; futhi ihlasela izintatheli kanye neJenali ye-American Medical Association.

I-USA Namuhla inika i-ACSH ipulatifomu 

I-USA Today iyaqhubeka nokushicilela amakholomu ngabasebenzi be-ACSH uHank Campbell no-Alex Berezow ngaphandle kokudalula izibopho zabo zokuxhasa ngezimali ezinkampanini ezivikela izintshisekelo zazo. NgoFebhuwari 2017, Amaqembu ezempilo, ezemvelo, ezabasebenzi kanye nezintshisekelo zomphakathi ezingama-30 ubhalele abahleli be-USA Today ecela leli phepha ukuthi liyeke ukunikeza i-ACSH iplatifomu esemthethweni noma okungenani linikeze ukudalulwa okugcwele mayelana nokuthi ngubani oxhasa iqembu.

Incwadi ithi:

  • “Sibhala sizwakalisa ukukhathazeka kwethu ngokuthi i-USA Today iyaqhubeka nokushicilela amakholomu abhalwe ngamalungu e-American Council on Science and Health (ACSH), okuyiqembu elixhaswe ngezinkampani elinomlando omude wokukhuthaza ama-ajenda ezinkampani aphikisana nesayensi enkulu . I-USA Today akufanele isize leli qembu liphakamise ubunikazi balo obungamanga njengomthombo othembekile, nozimele kusayensi. Abafundi bakho bafanelwe ulwazi olunembile mayelana nokuthi leli qembu limele ini nokuthi ngubani, njengoba becabanga ngokuqukethwe yikholomu. ”
  • “Lezi akuzona izinsolo ezingenamsebenzi. Amaqembu amaningi asayinwe ngaphansi kwezempilo, ezemvelo, ezabasebenzi kanye nezintshisekelo zomphakathi abelandela umsebenzi we-ACSH eminyakeni edlule. Sizibhale phansi izimo lapho iqembu lisebenze khona dicilela phansi isayensi yokushintsha kwesimo sezulu, nokuphika izinsongo zezempilo ezihambisana nemikhiqizo ehlukahlukene, kufaka phakathi intuthu kagwayiukukhwabanisaizibulala-zinambuzane futhi industrial Amakhemikhali - konke ngaphandle kokucaca mayelana nabaxhasi bayo bezinkampani. ”
  • Siyakuqaphela lokho zezimali amadokhumenti okutholwe nguMama Jones kukhombisa ukuthi i-ACSH ithole uxhaso ezinkampanini zikagwayi, zamakhemikhali, zemithi nezikawoyela. Amaqembu anentshisekelo yomphakathi anakho kubika ukuthi i-ACSH ithole uxhaso kwiKoch Foundations phakathi kuka-2005-2011, futhi yakhululwa imibhalo yangaphakathi okukhombisa ukuthi i-ACSH yacela ama- $ 100,000 kwaSyngenta ngo-2009 ukuthi ibhale kahle ngomkhiqizo wayo i-atrazine - umnikelo owawuzobekwa “uhlukane futhi uhluke ekusekelweni okujwayelekile kokusebenza kweSyngenta bekulokhu kunikelwa ngokukhululeka eminyakeni edlule.”
  • “Ngesikhathi lapho umphakathi ungabaza ukuba semthethweni kwemithombo yezindaba, sikholwa ukuthi kubalulekile ukuthi izincwadi ezifana ne-USA Today zilandele imigomo ephakeme kakhulu yokuziphatha kwezintatheli futhi zisebenzele umphakathi ngeqiniso elikhulu nangokusobala ngangokunokwenzeka. Sikucela ngenhlonipho ukuthi uyeke ukushicilela ezinye izinhlu ezibhalwe amalungu e-American Council on Science and Health, noma okungenani zidinga ukuthi abantu babone le nhlangano ngokunembile njengeqembu elixhasa ngezimali lenkampani. ”

Kusukela ngoDisemba 2017, umhleli wekhasi labahleli be-USA Today uBill Sternberg wenqabile ukumisa ukushicilela amakholomu e-ACSH kanti nephepha selinikezele kaninginingi ukudalulwa okunganembile noma okungaphelele kwamakholomu, futhi wehluleka ukwazisa abafundi bawo ngezimali ze-ACSH ezivela ezinkampanini ezikhuthaza uhlelo lwazo.

Izigxivizo zeminwe zikaMonsanto Kuzo Zonke I-Newsweek's Hit on Organic Food

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

buyekeza: Impendulo eyinqaba yeNewsweek

NguStacy Malkan

"Umkhankaso wokudla okuphilayo ngumkhonyovu okhohlisayo, obizayo," ngokusho komhlaka-19 Januwari Newsweek esihlokweni ebhalwe nguDkt.Henry I. Miller weSikhungo seHoover.

Uma lelo gama lizwakala lijwayelekile - uHenry I. Miller - kungahle kube ngoba New York Times muva iveze ihlazo okubandakanya uMiller: ukuthi ubanjwe eshicilela i-athikili ebhalwe ghost nguMonsanto ngaphansi kwegama lakhe ku Forbes. I-athikili, ebikhombisa kakhulu uhlaka olunikezwe uMonsanto, ihlasele ososayensi bephaneli lomdlavuza le-World Health Organisation (IARC) labo isinqumo sokufaka ohlwini Amakhemikhali athengisa kakhulu kaMonsanto, i-glyphosate, njenge-carcinogen yabantu.

Ukubika ku ukushintshana nge-imeyili ekhishwe ngamacala neMonsanto mayelana nokukhathazeka komdlavuza, i- Izikhathi ' UDanny Hakim wabhala:

"UMonsanto ubuze uMnu. Miller ukuthi angathanda yini ukubhala indatshana ngalesi sihloko, futhi wathi, 'Ngingathanda uma ngingaqala kusuka embhalweni osezingeni eliphezulu.'

Lo mbhalo uvele ngaphansi kwegama likaMnu. Miller, nangokuthi 'imibono evezwe ngabakwa-Forbes Contributors ingeyabo.' Lo magazini awuzange ukhulume ngokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto ekulungiseleleni lo mbhalo…

UForbes ususe lolu daba kwi-webhusayithi yakhe ngoLwesithathu wathi buqedile ubudlelwano bakhe noMnuz Miller phakathi kokudaluliwe. ”

Intambo yombono Iphrojekthi Syndicate kwalandela okufanayo, ngemuva kokuqala ukufaka isimangalo kumazwana kaMiller lapho aqaphela ukuthi ayezokwaliwa uma ukusebenzisana kwakhe noMonsanto kwakwaziwa.

Ithemba Lokwehlisa I-Organic

Ihlazo lokubhala ngezipoki alikaze limnciphise uMiller; uqhubekile nokuhlunga okuqukethwe okwenyuswayo embonini yezolimo kusuka ezitolo ezinjenge Newsweek futhi The Wall Street Journal, ngaphandle kokudalula kubafundi ubuhlobo bakhe neMonsanto.

Noma kunjalo kaMiller Newsweek Ukudla okune-organic kunezigxivizo zeminwe zikaMonsanto ngokusobala kuyo yonke indawo.

Okokuqala, uMiller usebenzisa imithombo yomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane ukwenza izimangalo ezingenabufakazi (nezindidayo) mayelana nezolimo eziphilayo - ngokwesibonelo, ukuthi ukulima ngokwemvelo "empeleni kuyingozi kakhulu emvelweni" kunokulima okuvamile, noma ukuthi ababambisene nabo bachitha u- $ 2.5 billion ngonyaka bekhankasa ngokumelene nokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo eNyakatho Melika.

Umthombo kulesi simangalo esingalungile nguJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto (ongaziwa kanjalo kwi Newsweek athikili), manje oqondisa inkampani ye-PR ebizwa nge-v-Fluence Interactive.

Ukuhwebelana nge-imeyili kuveza ukuthi iMonsanto isebenza kanjani nabantu abanjengoJay Byrne - kanye noByrne ngqo - ukusunduza lolu hlobo lokuhlaselwa kwezitha zikaMonsanto ngenkathi kugcinwa ukubandakanyeka kwenkampani kuyimfihlo.

Ngokwama-imeyili atholwe iqembu lami Ilungelo le-US Lokwazi, U-Byrne wadlala indima enkulu ekusizeni iMonsanto ukuba isungule iqembu eliphambili lenkampani elibizwa nge-Academics Review elashicilela umbiko ohlasela imboni yezimboni njengomkhonyovu wokumaketha - okuyisihloko ngqo kuMiller's Newsweek isihloko.

Uhlu lukaJay Byrne lwezitha zaseMonsanto. 

Umqondo weqembu langaphambili - kuchazwe ku- ama-imeyili engiwabike lapha - bekuzokwakha ipulatifomu enomsindo othembekile lapho izifundiswa zingahlasela abagxeki bemboni yezolimo ngenkathi bethi zizimele, kepha zithola imali ngasese emaqenjini ezimboni. Ukucwayiza, ukucwayiza, ha, ha.

"Ukhiye kuzogcina iMonsanto ingemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi," kubhale umphathi weMonsanto ohilelekile ohlelweni.

Indima kaByrne, ngokusho kwama-imeyili, ibizosebenza njenge "moto yokuhweba" ukusiza ukuthola imali yenkampani. U-Byrne uphinde wathi uhlanganisa uhlu “lwamathuba” okuhlosiwe - abagxeka imboni yezolimo okungenzeka ukuthi "bafakwe umjovo" endaweni yesikhulumi sabafundi.

Abantu abaningana kuhlu lwamathuba ka-Byrne, noma kamuva bahlaselwa yi-Academics Review, babeyizisulu ku-Miller's Newsweek isihloko, futhi.

IMiller's Newsweek ucezu naye uzame ukudicilela phansi umsebenzi we New York Times ' intatheli uDanny Hakim, ngaphandle kokudalula ukuthi kwakunguHakim owadalula ihlazo likaMiller lokubhala ngesipoki likaMiller.

Njengakamuva nje ukuhlaselwa kwemboni yemvelo, yonke iminwe ikhomba emuva ezinkampanini zezolimo ezizolahlekelwa kakhulu uma isidingo sabathengi siqhubeka nokukhuphuka kokudla okungenawo ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Ukusetshenziswa KukaMonsanto “Okuzimele Kwezemfundo”

UHenry Miller une- umlando omude wokusebenzisana no - no ebeka izinsizakalo zakhe ze-PR - izinkampani ezidinga usizo lokukholisa umphakathi ukuthi imikhiqizo yazo ayiyona ingozi futhi ayidingi ukulawulwa.

Futhi iMonsanto incike kakhulu kubantu abaneziqinisekiso zesayensi noma amaqembu azwakala engathathi hlangothi ukwenza lezo zingxabano - abantu abazimisele ukuxhumana nombhalo wenkampani ngenkathi bethi bangabalingisi abazimele. Leli qiniso lisungulwe ngokubika ku New York Times, Okwezwe, WBEZ, lo Ukuqhubeka phambili futhi ezinye izindawo eziningi eminyakeni yakamuva.

Idokhumenti esanda kukhishwa yeMonsanto inikeza imininingwane eyengeziwe mayelana nokuthi inkulumo-ze kaMonsanto nokusebenza kokunxenxa kusebenza kanjani, kanye nendima esemqoka edlalwa nguHenry Miller kuyo.

Lo 2015 “uhlelo lokulungiselela”- ekhishwe abameli ezinkantolo zomdlavuza i-glyphosate - ibeka isu likaMonsanto le-PR" lokuhlela ukukhala "ngokumelene nososayensi bomdlavuza we-IARC ngombiko wabo we-glyphosate. Owokuqala ongakhishwa: "Bandakanya uHenry Miller."

Uhlelo luzoqhubeka lunezigaba ezine "zabalingani bemboni" - amaqembu ezokuhweba ayishumi nambili, amaqembu ezemfundo kanye namaqembu aphambili abonakala ezimele afana ne Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project - lokho kungasiza "ukugoma" ngokumelene nombiko womdlavuza futhi "kuvikele isithunzi… se-Roundup."

UMiller uhambisele iMonsanto ngoMashi 2015 esihlokweni eForbes - lo mbhalo kamuva wembula njengombhalo kaMonsanto - uhlasela ososayensi be-IARC. Ozakwethu bezimboni bebelokhu bephusha izimpikiswano ezifanayo ngemigudu ehlukahlukene kaninginingi, selokhu, ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi bomdlavuza.

Okuningi kwalokhu kugxeka kubonakale emphakathini njengokuvukela okuzenzekelayo kokukhathazeka, kungakhulunywa ngeqhaza likaMonsanto njengomqambi nomqhubi womlando: i-hoodwink yenkampani yakudala.

Njengoba eminye imibhalo ingena embusweni womphakathi - nge Amaphepha eMonsanto futhi uphenyo lwamarekhodi womphakathi - iqhinga "lokufunda elizimele" kuzoba nzima ukuligcinela abasebenza embonini njengoHenry I. Miller, kanye nabezindaba nabenzi benqubomgomo abangayinaki.

Okwamanje, Newsweek ayihlehli. Ngisho nangemva kokubuyekeza imibhalo eqinisekisa amaqiniso akule ndatshana, Newsweek Umhleli wemibono uNicholas Wapshott ubhale ku-imeyili ukuthi, “Ngiyakuqonda ukuthi wena noMiller ninomlando omude wokuphikisana ngalesi sihloko. Ukuphika ngokusobala okuqinisekisile. ”

UMiller noWapshott abaphendulanga eminye imibuzo.

UStacy Malkan ungomunye wabaphathi beqembu elibheka abathengi nelisebenza obala, i-US Right to Know. Ungumbhali wencwadi ethi, “Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry” (New Society, 2007). Ukudalulwa: I-US Right to Know ixhaswe ngokwengxenye yi-Organic Consumers Association eshiwo ku-athikili kaMiller futhi evela kuhlu olushaywayo lukaByrne.

ISayensi Media Center Ithuthukisa Ukubukwa Kwebhizinisi Lwesayensi

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

IScience Media Center (SMC) iyinhlangano ye-PR engenzi nzuzo eqale e-UK ethola indawo yayo enkulu kakhulu ye- imali evela embonini amaqembu. Abaxhasi bamanje nabangaphambilini kufaka phakathi iBayer, iDuPont, iMonsanto, iCoca-Cola kanye namaqembu okuhweba embonini yokudla namakhemikhali, kanye namaqembu ezindaba, izinhlaka zikahulumeni, izisekelo namanyuvesi. Imodeli ye-SMC isakazeka emhlabeni wonke futhi ibe nomthelela omkhulu ekwakheni ukusakazwa kwemithombo yezindaba ngesayensi, kwesinye isikhathi ngezindlela ezehlisa ubungozi bemikhiqizo noma ubuchwepheshe obunempikiswano. Leli phepha lichaza umlando we-SMC, ifilosofi, imodeli yezimali, amaqhinga nemibiko evela kubagxeki abathi i-SMC inikeza imibono yezesayensi yezimboni, isimilo i-SMC esiyiphikayo.

Related:

Amaqiniso asemqoka

I-Science Media Centre yethulwa ngo-2002 iphendula “imisindvo yabezindaba mayelana neMMR, izitshalo zeGM kanye nocwaningo lwezilwane” ukusiza abezindaba bamele kangcono isayensi enkulu, ngokusho kwe iphepha lamaqiniso leqembu.

Esikhathini sawo sokuphila umbiko wokusungulaIScience Media Center ichaza ukuthi yadalelwa ukubhekana kanjani:

  • “inkinga yenkinga” ekhulayo emibonweni yomphakathi ngesayensi
  • ukuwa kwenhlonipho ngegunya nobungoti
  • umphakathi onganaki ubungozi nokusakazwa kwabezindaba okwethusayo futhi
  • “amasu abezindaba abonakala sengathi aphakeme kakhulu” asetshenziswa ama-NGO ezemvelo njengeGreenpeace neFriends of the Earth.

Ama-SMC azimele abelana nge umqulu ofanayo njengoba okwangempela manje kusebenza eCanada, e-Australia, eNew Zealand, eJalimane naseJapane, futhi ama-SMC ahlelwa eBrussels nase I-united states.

Imodeli yeSMC ibe nomthelela omkhulu ekwakheni ukusakazwa kwabezindaba ngesayensi. A ukuhlaziywa kwezindaba yamaphephandaba ase-UK ngo-2011 nango-2012 athola ukuthi iningi lezintatheli elisebenzisa izinsizakalo ze-SMC alifunanga imibono eyengeziwe ngezindaba zabo. Leli qembu futhi linethonya kwezepolitiki. Ngonyaka we-2007, iSMC yamisa ukuvinjelwa okuhlongozwayo kwemibungu ehlanganisa abantu / yezilwane ngomkhankaso wayo wezindaba wokushintsha ukusabalala kokukhathazeka kokuziphatha kuye ezinzuzweni zemibungu njengethuluzi lokucwaninga, ngokusho kwe ku-Nature.

Izifundiswa eziningana nabaphenyi bagxeke iSMC ngokuxosha imibono yenkampani yesayensi, nangokudlala phansi ubungozi bezemvelo nobempilo babantu bemikhiqizo nobuchwepheshe obunempikiswano. Imibiko ibhale ukuthambekela kwe-SMC yokuphusha imiyalezo ye-pro-industry futhi ngaphandle kwemibono ephikisanayo ngezihloko ezinjenge ukukhwabanisa, ukuphepha komakhalekhukhwini, Isifo sokukhathala okungamahlalakhona futhi I-GMO.

Ku-imeyili, uMqondisi weSMC uFiona Fox uthe iqembu lakhe alihambisani nomkhakha wezimboni: “Silalela ngokucophelela noma yikuphi ukugxekwa kweSMC emphakathini wezesayensi noma ezintatheli zezindaba ezisebenzela abezindaba base-UK kodwa asikutholi ukugxekwa ngokuchema komkhakha wezimboni kusuka kulaba ababambiqhaza. Siyakwenqaba ukusolwa ngokuchema kwemboni yezimboni futhi umsebenzi wethu ukhombisa ubufakazi kanye nemibono yabaphenyi besayensi abangama-3000 abaqavile kulwazi lwethu. Njengehhovisi labezindaba elizimele eligxile kwezinye zezindaba ezingundabuzekwayo zesayensi sikulindele ngokuphelele ukugxekwa ngamaqembu angaphandle kwesayensi ejwayelekile. ”

Izingcaphuno mayelana neSayensi Media Center

Izintatheli nabaphenyi ngethonya nobandlululo lweSayensi Media Center (ukugcizelelwa kufakwe kuzingcaphuno ezingezansi):

  • “Izikhungo zeSayensi Media ... seziphenduke abadlali abanethonya, kepha abanempikiswano emhlabeni wobuntatheli. Yize ezinye izintatheli zikuthola kuwusizo, ezinye zikholelwa ukuthi zithambekele kososayensi bakahulumeni nezimboni. ” Ukubuyekezwa kobuntatheli beColumbia
  • “Kuya ngokuthi ubuza kubani, (Umqondisi weSMC) UFiona Fox usindisa ubuntatheli besayensi noma ayibhubhise," U-Ewen Callway, Nature
  • “Ukwehla kwesibalo sezintatheli zesayensi zase-UK ezicindezeleke isikhathi asisayi emkhakheni wemba izindaba. Baya emihlanganweni ehlelwe kusengaphambili e-SMC… The ikhwalithi yokubika kwesayensi kanye nokwethembeka kolwazi olutholakala emphakathini konke lokhu kuhlupheke, kuhlanekezela ikhono lomphakathi lokwenza izinqumo ngengozi. ” UConnie St. Louis, iCity College yaseLondon, eCJR
  • “Inkinga akukhona ukuthi bathuthukisa isayensi, njengoba besho ukuthi benza, kodwa ukuthi bona khuthaza isayensi esebenza ngokuhlanganyela. " UDavid Miller, University of Bath, eSciDev
  • "Kulabo abangaphuphuthekiswanga yi-aura ekhangayo ye-SMC, kubonakala sengathi inhloso yayo ecashile ukuqinisekisa ukuthi izintatheli nabezindaba babika izindaba zesayensi nezokwelapha kuphela ngendlela yokuthi kuvumelana 'nenqubomgomo' kahulumeni nezimboni ezindabeni okukhulunywa ngazo. " UMalcolm Hooper, iYunivesithi yaseSunderland, iphepha leCFS / ME
  • “Kuyabonakala ukuthi i-ajenda ye-SIRC, i-SMC nezinhlangano ezihlangene ukuxhasa inqubomgomo yezomnotho kahulumeni wase-UK ukuthuthukisa ubuchwepheshe beBiotec kanye nezokuxhumana ngocingo. ” Iphepha likaDon Maisch kumaselula
  • "The Indima ye-SMC ibonakala ifaka umbono omncane of, ezimweni eziningi imibono emihle, yokuphepha kokuthwebula ama-fracking. ” UPaul Mobbs, Uphenyo Lwezemvelo lweMobbs
  • “Isikhungo sesayensi, esihlala singaziphethe kahle ngokwezepolitiki, sibonakala singahlosile ukuthi sivumele izintshisekelo zaso ukuba zimelwe emphakathini ngamalungu inethiwekhi yezombangazwe eyinqaba neyenkolo. " UGeorge Monbiot, The Guardian

Uxhaso Lwamabhizinisi LweScience Media Center

Isabelo esikhulu sezimali se-SMC, cishe ama-30%, sivela ezinkampanini nakumaqembu ezohwebo. Abaxhasi kusukela ngo-Agasti 2016 kufaka phakathi inqwaba yamakhemikhali, i-biotechnology, inuzi, ukudla, ezokwelapha, ezokuxhumana kanye nezimboni zezimonyo. Abaxhasi bezimboni zezolimo bahlanganisa iBayer, iDuPont, iBASF, iCropLife International, iBioIndustry Association kanye neChemical Industries Association. Abaxhasi bangaphambilini zifake iMonsanto, ExxonMobile, Shell, Coca-Cola neKraft. I-SMC nayo ithola uxhaso oluvela ezinhlakeni eziningi zezindaba, uhulumeni kanye nezifundiswa.

SMC kusho yona inikela ngeminikelo evela kunkampani eyodwa noma isikhungo kuya ku-5% wemali engenayo yonyaka ngemizamo “yokuvikela ethonyeni elingalungile” - kukhishwa imali engaphandle yeminikelo emikhulu evela ku-Wellcome Trust nakuhulumeni wase-UK Umnyango Webhizinisi, Amandla Nezimboni Isu.

Umlando We-SMC: “UMnyango Weqiniso Wokuqala waseBrithani”

Ngasekupheleni kweminyaka yama-1990, ubudlelwano phakathi kwesayensi nabezindaba base busezingeni elichachambile, kuchaza iSMC ividiyo yephromoshini. "Ngesikhathi sokutshalwa kweBSE, MMR, GM, kwakukhona umqondo wangempela ngaleli gebe phakathi kososayensi nabezindaba," kusho uFox kule vidiyo. I-SMC yadalelwa “ukusiza ukuvuselela ukwethembana komphakathi kwezesayensi ngokusebenzela ukukhuthaza ukumbozwa okulinganiselayo, okunembile futhi okunengqondo kwezindaba eziyimpikiswano zesayensi,” ngokusho kwayo umbiko wokubonisana.

Imibhalo eyisisekelo ye-SMC ifaka:

  • February 2000 Umbiko wekomidi leNdlu YeNkosi ichaza “inhlekelele yokwethembana” ebudlelwaneni bomphakathi nesayensi, futhi yancoma uhlelo olusha lwesayensi nabezindaba.
  • Septhemba 2000 “Indlela Yokuziphatha / Imihlahlandlela Yezokuxhumana Kwezesayensi Nempilo, ”YiRoyal Society and Social Issues Research Center (SIRC) incoma imihlahlandlela yezintatheli nososayensi ukuze kuliwe“ nomthelela omubi walokho okubhekwa 'njengezindaba ezesabisayo' ezingenasisekelo kanye nalezo ezinikeza amathemba angamanga kulabo abagula kakhulu. ”
  • 2002 Umbiko Wokubonisana we-SMC ichaza inqubo yenhlolokhono nababambiqhaza abavela kuhulumeni, izimboni kanye nabezindaba abatshele ukuthi iSMC "izoyithatha kanjani i-gauntlet ephonswe phansi yiNkosi… yokuguqula isayensi ibe yizindaba eziphambili."

Umzamo weSMC waba nempikiswano ngokushesha. Umbhali uTom Wakeford wabikezela ngo-2001 ukuthi iSMC izoba “uMnyango Weqiniso Wokuqala waseBrithani lapho ababusi abaqanjiwe bakaGeorge Orwell bazoziqhenya ngabo.” Wabhala uMgcini, "Abantu abaphezulu kuHulumeni, iRoyal Society kanye neRoyal Institution bathathe isinqumo sokuthi ulwazi lwabo lomnotho olubaluleke kakhulu ludinga ukuthi kuncishiswe ukukhuluma ngokukhululeka." Uchaze i-Code of Practice: “Lo Mthetho uncoma ukuthi izintatheli zibonisane nochwepheshe abagunyaziwe, incwadi eyimfihlo okufanele inikezwe 'izintatheli ezibhalisiwe ezinemininingwane eqondile.'”

Iphrojekthi yokuqala ye-SMC - umzamo wokudicilela phansi ifilimu eqanjiwe le-BBC eliveza izitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo ngendlela engathandeki - liphakamise uchungechunge lwezihloko ezibucayi kwi-Guardian (umhleli we-Guardian wabhala nayo le filimu). Lezi zihloko zichaze iSMC njenge- “iqembu lokwamukela izivakashi zesayensi exhaswa izinkampani ezinkulu ezenza imithi namakhemikhali ”ebisebenza “Uhlobo lweyunithi yokuphika esheshayo yaseMandelsoni”Futhi ngisebenzisa“ ezinye amasu we-clumsiest spin weNew Labor ekuzameni ukwehlisa isithunzi (ifilimu) kusengaphambili. ”

UDick Taverne noSense Mayelana neSayensi

Umuzwa Ngezesayensi - umzamo wokucela ukwakhiwa kabusha kwemibono yesayensi - eyethulwa e-UK ngonyaka we-2002 kanye ne-SMC ngaphansi kobuholi buka-Lord Dick Taverne nabanye abanobudlelwano ne-SMC. U-Lord Taverne wayeyi-SMC Ilungu leBhodi Elilulekayo futhi yena kudalwe ngokubambisana ikhodi yokusebenza ye-SIRC.

Indaba ka-2016 ku-The Intercept nguLiza Gross uchaze i-Sense About Science nabaholi bayo “njengabaqaphi abazimele 'besayensi yomsindo'” abathi “balinganise izikali embonini.” UGross uchaze izibopho zomkhakha kagwayi zikaTaverne kanye nemizamo ye-PR yenkampani:

Ngokwamaphepha angaphakathi akhishwe ngamacala ngabakhiqizi bakagwayi, inkampani yababonisi bakaTaverne, iPRIMA Europe, isize iBritish American Tobacco ukuthuthukisa ubudlelwane nabatshalizimali bayo futhi shaya imithetho yaseYurophu ngogwayi ngawo-1990. UTaverne uqobo usebenze kuphrojekthi yabatshalizimali: Ku- imemo engenalo usuku, U-PRIMA uqinisekise inkampani kagwayi ukuthi "umsebenzi uzokwenziwa mathupha nguDick Taverne," ngoba ubekwazi ukubuza abaholi bezimboni futhi "uzofuna ukuqinisekisa ukuthi izidingo zomkhakha zibaluleke kakhulu ezingqondweni zabantu." Phakathi neminyaka eyishumi efanayo, uTaverne wayehleli ebhodini legatsha laseBrithani lenkampani yezokuxhumana yomphakathi iBurson-Marsteller, eyabiza uPhilip Morris njengekhasimende. Umqondo weqembu “lesayensi elizwakalayo”, elenziwe ngoxhaxha lososayensi ababezokhuluma bephikisana nemithethonqubo abantu bezimboni ababengenakho ukwethembeka ukuyiphikisa, kwakuyinkulumo uBurson-Marsteller ayenza kuPhilip Morris ku Imemorandamu yonyaka we-1994.

Phakathi kwamaphrojekthi ayo okuqala, iSense About Science ihlele incwadi evela ku- 114 ososayensi ukunxenxa uhulumeni waseBrithani ukuba "aphikisane nezimangalo ezingamanga" mayelana nama-GMO, futhi wenza inhlolovo ukugqamisa inkinga yokucekelwa phansi kwesivuno seGMO.

I-Sense About Science USA ivulwe ngo-2014 ngaphansi kobuholi besikhathi eside umlingani wemboni yamakhemikhali uTrevor Butterworth, kanye nabalingani be-Gates exhaswa ngemali yiCornell Alliance for Science, a Iqembu lephromoshini le-GMO.

Imisuka YamaKhomanisi Yezinguquko

Abaqondisi abasungula nabamanje beScience Media Center kanye neSense About Science - Umqondisi weSMC UFiona Fox kanye noMqondisi we-SAS UTracey Brown - nabanye ababandakanyeka nalawo maqembu, kubikwa ukuthi baxhunywe ngeRevolutionary Communist Party, iqembu leTrotskyist splinter elalihlelwe ngasekupheleni kweminyaka yama-1970 ngaphansi kobuholi besazi sezenhlalo UFrank Ferudi, ngokusho kwababhali UGeorge Monbiot, UJonathan Matthews, UZac Goldsmith futhi UDon Maisch.

Iqembu likaFerudi elihlukanise i-RCP lahlangana Ukuphila kweMarxism, Umagazini we-LM, I-Spiked Magazine futhi Isikhungo Semibono, owamukela ubungxiwankulu, ukuzimela futhi wakhuthaza umbono wezobuchwepheshe nokudelela abezemvelo, ngokusho kukaMonbiot. (UFerudi kuphendula kule ngcezu.) A Isihloko se-Guardian mayelana nomcimbi we-LM ngo-1999 uchaze inethiwekhi "njengempendulo ebhekiswe Kwesobunxele" (ngamazwi kaFuredi) enombono womhlaba wokuthi ukucabanga kwesokunxele "akuyona into yezepolitiki" futhi "ayikho enye indlela emakethe."

"Enye yezinto ezixakile kwezepolitiki yanamuhla wukubusa kwababengamaphiko kwesobunxele asebephendukele kwesokudla," kubhala uMonbiot ku Isihloko se-2003 Kuchazwa ubudlelwano phakathi kweSense About Science kanye neScience Media Center, abantu ababambe iqhaza kuleyo mizamo kanye nezixhumanisi zenethiwekhi ye-LM:

“Ngabe konke lokhu kwenzeke ngengozi? Angicabangi kanjalo. Kepha akulula ukuqonda ukuthi kungani kwenzeka. Ngabe sibheke iqembu elifuna amandla ngenxa yalo, noma elilandela ukwakheka kwezepolitiki, okuyisinyathelo esiphakathi kwalo? Engingakusho ukuthi isikhungo sezesayensi, esihlala singenapolitiki, sibonakala singahlosile ukuthi sivumele izintshisekelo zaso ukuba zimelwe emphakathini ngamalungu oxhumano lwezepolitiki oluyinqaba nolwehlukile. Esikhundleni sokwakha kabusha ukuthembela komphakathi kwezesayensi nakwezokwelapha, ifilosofi yaleli qembu enyanyekayo ekugcineni ingayiqeda. ”

amaqhinga

I-SMC e-UK ithi inakho i-database enezingcweti ezingama-2700 kanye nezikhulu ezingaphezu kwezingu-1200 zabezindaba, kanye nohlu lwamakheli olunezintatheli ezingaphezu kwezingama-300 ezimele yonke imibhalo emikhulu yase-UK. I-SMC isebenzisa amaqhinga amathathu amakhulu ukuthonya ukusabalala kwesayensi, ngokusho kwayo ividiyo yephromoshini:

  1. Impendulo esheshayo ezindabeni eziqhamuka nezingcaphuno zemibono: Lapho kuvela indaba yesayensi, “kungakapheli nemizuzu emingaki kukhona ama-imeyili e-SMC emabhokisini okungenayo awo wonke intatheli kazwelonke enikeza ochwepheshe,” kusho uFox.
  2. Ukuthola izintatheli kuqala ngocwaningo olusha. I-SMC "inelungelo lokufinyelela kumajenali esayensi angaba ngu-10-15 ngaphambi kokuphakanyiswa kwama-embargo" ukuze bakwazi ukulungiselela ukuphawula kusengaphambili kochwepheshe bezinkampani zangaphandle okukhombisa ukuthi izifundo ezintsha ziyakudinga ukunakekelwa nokuthi kufanele zihlelwe kanjani.
  3. Ukuhlela cishe i-100 press ngamafuphi unyaka "owabeka i-ajenda" ngokusobala ezihlokweni ezahlukahlukene zesayensi ezinempikiswano ezifana nodoti wenuzi, i-biotechnology kanye nezifo ezisafufusa.

Izibonelo zethonya nokuchema

Abaphenyi abaningana kanye nezifundiswa babike ukuthi bathi ukwenzelela kwe-SMC okuxhasa izimboni ngezihloko ezinempikiswano, kanye nokuthi izintatheli zithembele kangakanani emibonweni yochwepheshe be-SMC ukuhlela izindaba zesayensi.

Ukungabi nemibono ehlukahlukene

Uprofesa wobuntatheli uConnie St. Louis waseCity University, eLondon, uhlole umthelela weSMC ekubikeni kwesayensi emaphephandabeni kazwelonke ayi-12 ngo-2011 nango-2012, futhi wathola:

  • Ama-60% ama-athikili abika izithangami zabezindaba ze-SMC awasebenzisanga umthombo ozimele
  • Ama-54% okuphendula "kochwepheshe" anikezwe yi-SMC ekuqhamukeni kwezindaba ngalesi sikhathi esihlanganisiwe bekusezindabeni
    • Kulezi zindaba, ama-23% awasebenzisanga umthombo ozimele
    • Kulabo abakwenzile, kuphela ama-32% wemithombo yangaphandle enikeze umbono ophikisayo kulokho okunikezwa ngungoti ekuphenduleni kwe-SMC.

"Kunezintatheli eziningi kunokuba kufanele ngabe zisebenzisa kuphela ochwepheshe be-SMC hhayi ukuxhumana nemithombo ezimele," kuphetha uSt.

Ochwepheshe akubona njalo ososayensi

UDavid Miller, uprofesa wesayensi yezenhlalo evela e-University of Bath, e-UK, uhlaziye okuqukethwe kwe-SMC kuwebhusayithi kanye nezicelo ze-Freedom of Information Act, futhi wabika:

  • Abanye ochwepheshe be-SMC abangama-20 kwabangu-100 abacashunwe kakhulu kwakungebona ososayensi, njengoba kuchazwa ngokuba ne-PhD nokusebenza esikhungweni sokucwaninga noma emphakathini ophakeme kakhulu, kepha babengama-lobbyists kanye nama-CEO amaqembu amaqembu embonini.
  • Imithombo yezimali ibingadalulwa njalo ngokuphelele ngesikhathi esifanele ku-inthanethi.
  • Kwakungekho bufakazi bokuthi iSMC yayivuna umxhasi othile, kodwa yayithanda imikhakha ethile yezinkampani nezihloko ezazikhuluma ngazo “kukhombisa izinto eziza kuqala zabaxhasi bazo.”

“Uma uthi ucaphuna ososayensi bese ugcina usebenzisa ama-lobbyists kanye nama-NGO, umbuzo uthi: ngabe ukhetha kanjani ukuthi yiliphi ama-lobbyists noma ama-NGO okumele abe nawo? Kungani ungenawo ama-lobbyist aphikisana nokuhlolwa kofuzo noma amalungu e-Greenpeace aveza umbono wawo kunesikhundla se-bioindustry? Lokho kuveza ngempela uhlobo lokuchema olusebenzayo, ”kusho uMiller.

Strategic spin triumph emibungwini yabantu / yezilwane e-hybrid

Ngo-2006, lapho uhulumeni wase-UK ecabanga ukuvimbela ososayensi ekwakheni imibungu ehlanganiswa nabantu-yezilwane, iSMC yahlanganisa imizamo yokususa ukugxila ekusakazweni kwabezindaba kude nezinkinga zokuziphatha nokubheka ukubaluleka kwemibungu ehlanganisiwe njengethuluzi lokucwaninga, ngokusho ku-Nature.

Umkhankaso we-SMC "wawunqobe amasu ebudlelwaneni bezindaba" futhi "ububhekele kakhulu ukuguqula isimo sokutholakala kwemibungu eyizilwane ezingabantu," ngokusho kuka-Andy Williams, umcwaningi wezindaba e-University of Cardiff, e-UK, owenza ukuhlaziywa egameni le-SMC kanye nabasizi bomkhankaso.

UWilliams uthole:

  • Imithombo engaphezulu kwama-60% ezindabeni ezibhalwe yizintatheli zesayensi nezempilo - leyo okubhekiswe kuyo yi-SMC - isekele ucwaningo, futhi yingxenye eyodwa kuphela yekota yemithombo ephikisana nalokhu.
  • Ngokuphambene nalokho, izintatheli ebezingakahlosiwe yi-SMC zikhulume nososayensi abambalwa abasekelayo kanye nabaphikisi abaningi.

"UWilliams manje ukhathazekile ngokuthi imizamo ye-SMC iholele izintatheli ukuthi zinikeze isithunzi ososayensi ngokweqile, nokuthi zavimbela impikiswano," Indatshana Yemvelo ibikile. Ingxoxo noWilliams in SciDevNet kubika:

"Ulimi oluningi olusetshenzisiwe ukuchaza [izithangami zabezindaba ze-SMC] kugcizelela ukuthi babeyithuba lokuthi ososayensi bachaze isayensi ngamagama abo, kodwa - okubaluleke kakhulu - ngendlela engathathi hlangothi futhi engenaxabiso," esho. Kepha lokhu akulinaki iqiniso lokuthi le micimbi ibiphethwe ngokuqinile icindezela ukulandisa okukholisayo, engeza, nokuthi isethelwe ukuvikela umthelela omkhulu kwabezindaba kososayensi ababandakanyekayo. Izintatheli ezingongoti bezesayensi zondliwe "yimixhaso yolwazi" yi-SMC futhi zinamathuba amaningi kakhulu kunezinye izintatheli ukucaphuna imithombo yokuvikela ukuxubana, kusho uWilliams.

Ikhuthaza ukubukwa kwemboni ku-fracking

Ngokombiko othile Februwari 2015 ukuhlaziywa kwezindaba olwenziwe nguPaul Mobbs we-Mobbs 'Environmental Investigations, i-SMC yanikela ngamazwibela amaningi ochwepheshe mayelana ne-fracking phakathi kowezi-2012-2015, kepha idlanzana lososayensi ababephethe ukuphawula kwakusuka ezikhungweni ezinobudlelwano bezezimali nemboni kaphethiloli noma amaphrojekthi ocwaningo axhaswe imboni.

“Iqhaza le-SMC libukeka lifaka umbono omncane emibonweni emincane yezimvo zokuphepha kwe-fracking. Le mibono isuselwa esikhundleni sobungcweti salabo abathintekayo, futhi ayisekelwa ngezikhombo zobufakazi ukuqinisekisa ubuqiniso bayo. Ngenxa yalokho, le mibono iye yacashunwa kwabezindaba ngaphandle kokungabaza. ”

“Mayelana negesi ephuma emanzini, i-SMC ayinikezi umbono olinganiselayo ngobufakazi obutholakalayo, kanye nokungaqiniseki, ngemithelela kawoyela negesi engajwayelekile. Inikeza izingcaphuno ezivela ezifundweni ezimele kakhulu umbono 'wase-UK', ongabunaki bonke ubufakazi obutholakala kulolu daba obuvela e-USA, Australia naseCanada. ”

Ukwehlisa isineke ukukhathala okungamahlalakhona 

A Iphepha le-2013 nguMalcolm Hooper, uProfesa Wezokwelapha e-Emeritus, e-University of Sunderland, e-UK, usole iSMC ngokuthuthukisa imibono yabanye abasebenza kwezokwelapha, ngokwehluleka ukubika ngesayensi yezinto eziphilayo kanye nokuphokophela "imibono kanye nenkulumo-ze yamaqembu anentshisekelo enamandla" emithonjeni yayo yezindaba sebenza ku-chronic fatigue syndrome / myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS / ME).

Iphepha likaHooper libika ngezixhumanisi eziphakathi kwe-SMC nabadlali abalulekile empikiswaneni yeCFS / ME nezixhumanisi zemboni yomshuwalense, futhi linikeza ubufakazi balokho uHooper akuchaze njengomkhankaso weSMC wokudicilela phansi abantu ngeCFS / ME, kanye nemizamo yayo yokudicilela phansi iPACE imiphumela yesivivinyo kwabezindaba. Uyaphetha, "Inhlangano eziphatha ngendlela engqubuzana nesayensi ngale ndlela ayinakuba nesicelo esisemthethweni sokumela isayensi."

Ukubukwa kwe-SMC, bheka Ishidi lamaqiniso lango-2018 ku-CFS / ME “ukugula nokuphikisana.”

Ukuphepha kwamaselula nabaxhasi bezingcingo

A Iphepha le-2006 nguDon Maisch, PhD, "kuphakamisa ukukhathazeka okukhulu ngokungakhethi kwemodeli yeSMC kwezokuxhumana kwezesayensi lapho kunikezwa izeluleko zochwepheshe ezindabeni ezinengxabano lapho izintshisekelo ziyingxenye yohlaka lweSMC." Iphepha leMaisch lihlola ukuxhumana kwamaSMC ezindabeni ezibandakanya imisebe kagesi kagesi kanye nokuphepha komakhalekhukhwini, futhi linikeza lokho akubiza ngokuthi "umlando ongacwaningwa wemodeli yeSMC yokuxhumana kwesayensi."

“Kusobala ukuthi i-ajenda ye-SIRC, i-SMC nezinhlangano ezisebenzisanayo ukuxhasa inqubomgomo yezomnotho kahulumeni wase-UK yokuqhakambisa ubuchwepheshe be-Biotec nobuchwepheshe bezokuxhumana. Lokhu kungachaza ukuthi kungani abantu abangenazo iziqu zangempela kwezokuxhumana kwezesayensi bekwazile ukufinyelela ezikhundleni ezaba ubuso bomphakathi bezikhungo zesayensi zaseBrithani. Ibuye ichaze ukuthi kungani isikhungo sezesayensi nezokwelapha sase-UK, sazi ukuthi ingxenye enkulu yemali yesayensi ivela emithonjeni yezimboni, ingabalingani abazimisele ukuvumela izinhlangano ze-PR ezine-ajenda enqunywe kusengaphambili ukuthi zibakhulumele futhi zisekele inqubomgomo yezomnotho kahulumeni kunentshisekelo yomphakathi . ”

Ukuvikela i-GMO

Njengokwehliswa ngenhla, bobabili iScience Media Center neqembu lodadewabo iSense About Science bethule ngamaphrojekthi avikela ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. I-SMC ivame ukunikeza ochwepheshe abagxeka izifundo eziveza ukukhathazeka ngama-GMO. Izibonelo zifaka:

Ngo-2016, ososayensi baphindisela emuva ekuphenduleni kochwepheshe be-SMC abathi babekhuluma kabi ngomsebenzi wabo kuma-GMO. Ucwaningo oluholwa nguMichael Antoniou, PhD, iNhloko yeGene Expression and Therapy Group, eKing's College London School of Medicine, futhi lwashicilelwa ku Imibiko yeSayensi, wasebenzisa ukwenziwa kwamangqamuzana ukuze aqhathanise ummbila we-GMO nozakwabo ongeyona i-GM futhi wabika ukuthi ummbila we-GM nowe-GM "awalingani kakhulu." I-SMC ikhiphe i- ukusabela kochwepheshe ukuhlambalaza isifundo, futhi bekungavumeli ababhali ukuthi baphendule noma balungise imininingwane enganembile ekukhishweni kwe-SMC, ngokusho kwabalobi bezocwaningo.

“Lawa mazwana [acashunwe ekukhishweni kweSMC] awanembile ngakho-ke asabalalisa ulwazi olungelona iqiniso ngephepha lethu. Sazisiwe ukuthi akusiyo inqubomgomo yeScience Media Centre ukuthumela izimpendulo, ezifana nezethu, kumazwana okuphawula abawathumelayo / abawabeka kwiwebhusayithi yabo, ”kusho u-Antoniou. Ababhali bokufunda bathumele impendulo yabo lapha.

Intatheli uRebekah Wilce ibike kanjalo ku-PR Watch ngo-2014 ngezibonelo eziningana zokuchema kwe-pro-GMO kwezokuxhumana ze-SMC. Wabhala:

I-SMC izibiza ngesikhungo esizimele sokuxoxisana nabezindaba ngezindaba zesayensi. Abagxeki, nokho, bayakungabaza ukuzimela kwayo kusuka embonini ye-GMO - yize isitatimende seqembu ukuthi inkampani ngayinye noma omunye umxhasi anganikela kuphela ngamaphesenti amahlanu emholweni weqembu wonyaka - futhi axwayise ukuthi le nhlangano ibheke ngaphesheya kwechibi iye e-United States ukuhlinzeka nge-GMO spin lapha.

I-SMC kwahola impendulo ocwaningweni luka-2012 olubika ukuthi ukuthola izicubu ezilwaneni zaselebhu zondla ama-GMO esifundweni sesondlo sesikhathi eside. Ucwaningo luye lwahlazeka kakhulu emaphephandabeni, lwahoxiswa yilo magazini wokuqala futhi lwaphinde lwashicilelwa komunye umagazini.

Imidiya

Uchungechunge lweColumbia Journalism Review olunezigaba ezintathu, ngoJuni 2013, “Science Media Centers and the Press”

Nature, ngu-Ewen Callaway, Julayi 2013, “Abezindaba zesayensi: Isikhungo sokunakwa; UFiona Fox neScience Media Center yakhe bazimisele ukuthuthukisa ezokunyathelisa zaseBrithani. Manje imodeli isakazeka emhlabeni wonke ”

Nature, nguColin Macilwain, “Izizwe ezimbili zihlukaniswe inhloso eyodwa: Izinhlelo zokuphindaphinda iScience Media Center yaseBrithani e-United States zigcwele ingozi”

I-FAIR, ngu-Stacy Malkan, ngoJulayi 24, 2017, "Reuters vs. Un Cancer Agency: Ingabe Izibopho Zenkampani Zithonya Ukutholakala Kwezesayensi?"

SciDevNet, nguMićo Tatalović, ngoMeyi 2014, “Isikhungo Sezindaba Sezindaba sase-UK sibhebhezela ukuphusha isayensi yezinkampani” Isikhungo semvu

Ukubuka kwe-PR, nguRebekah Wilke, ngo-Ephreli 2014, "IScience Media Center Spins Pro-GMO Line"

Kwiqembu elihlobene i-Sense About Science:

I-Intercept, ebhalwe nguLiza Gross, ngoNovemba 2016, “Seeding Doubt: Yeka indlela abazibeke ngayo abaqaphi 'besayensi ezwakalayo' befaka esikalini embonini.”

Ishidi Leqiniso le-USRTK: I-Sense About Science-USA Director uTrevor Butterworth Spins Science for Industry

Ishidi Leqiniso le-USRTK: IMonsanto Ithembele Kulaba 'Ozakwethu' Ukuhlasela Ososayensi Abaphezulu Bomdlavuza