Ukukhushulwa okungalungile, okukhohlisayo kukaMark Lynas kwe-ajenda yezolimo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UMark Lynas uyintatheli wangaphambilini waphenduka ummeli wokuphromotha wokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane owenza izimangalo ezinganembile ngaleyo mikhiqizo esakhiweni sakhe IGates Foundation exhaswa ngemali yiCornell Alliance for Science. Izindlu eCornell University kusukela ngonyaka we-2014, ICornell Alliance for Science ngumkhankaso wobudlelwano nomphakathi eqeqesha abakhulumayo futhi yakhe amanethiwekhi wethonya, ikakhulukazi emazweni ase-Afrika, ukukhuthaza ukwamukelwa kwama-GMO nemikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Ososayensi, ongoti bezokudla bathi uLynas akalungile kwisayensi

Ososayensi nabachwepheshe bezinqubomgomo zokudla bagxeke uLynas ngokwenza izitatimende ezinganembile nezingahambisani nesayensi emizamweni yakhe yokukhuthaza izintshisekelo zebhizinisi lezolimo. Njengesibonelo esisodwa, izifundiswa zangena ngoJulayi 2020 esihlokweni ULynas ubhalele iCornell Alliance for Science ethi i-agroecology "inobungozi bokulimaza abampofu." Abagxeki bachaza udaba lukaLynas ngokuthi “ukuchazwa kwedemagogic kanye nokungekhona kwesayensi kwephepha lesayensi”Kanye ne-“ukuhlaziywa okuyiphutha ngempela”Ukuthi“ngephutha uhlanganisa ukongiwa kwe-agroecology bese enza iziphetho zasendle. "

Isazi sezolimo nomhlaba uMarc Corbeels, iphepha lakhe uLynas okwakuthiwa uzolichaza kule ndatshana, uthe uLynas wenza “ukwenziwa okwandile. ” UMarcus Taylor, isazi semvelo sezepolitiki eQueen's University, ucele ukuthi kuhoxiswe; “Into efanele ukuyenza kungaba khipha ucezu lwakho olunamaphutha kakhulu lokho kudida izinto eziyisisekelo ngamasu ezolimo, ”kusho uTaylor kuTwitter. Uchaze lo mbhalo ngokuthi “Imibono emsulwa” kanye “nehlazo kumuntu ofuna ukuzibiza 'ngokwesayensi'. ”  

Ukuhlaziywa okuningi kososayensi nabachwepheshe bezinqubomgomo ngomsebenzi kaLynas (kugcizelela okwethu):

  • “Ngingasho ngokusobala ukuthi akukho ukuvumelana kwesayensi mayelana nokuphepha kwe-GMO nokuthi iningi lezitatimende (zikaLynas) zingamanga, ” ubhale uDavid Schubert, PhD, Head, Cellular Neurobiology Laboratory & Professor e-The Salk Institute, encwadini ayibhalele ISan Diego Union Tribune.
  • “Nayi eminye imikhakha ye- amaphuzu angalungile noma alahlekisayo uLynas akwenzayo mayelana nesayensi noma ukuthuthukiswa kwe-GE, ”kubhala uDoug Gurian-Sherman, PhD, owayengusosayensi omkhulu, Inyunyana Yososayensi Abakhathazekile. “Esikhundleni sokuphikisana noma ukuxoxa ngesayensi yangempela, uLynas uphonsa iziphakamiso futhi usebenzise ukuthembela egunyeni kunedatha noma ucwaningo. " 
  • Izimangalo zikaLynas mayelana nokuqiniseka kokuphepha kwe-GMO “akunasayensi, akunangqondo futhi akunangqondo, ” ngokusho kukaBelinda Martineau, PhD, unjiniyela wezakhi zofuzo owasiza ekwakheni ukudla kokuqala kwe-GMO (bheka incwadi eya ku-NYT futhi I-Biotech Salon).
  • Ekubuyekezweni Incwadi kaLynas Imbewu Yesayensi, isazi semvelaphi yabantu uGlenn Davis Stone uchaze le ncwadi njenge “ukuvuselelwa kabusha kwamaphuzu okuxoxa embonini evamile. ” 
  • "The Uhlu lokuhlanjwa kwezimpahla lwalokho uMark Lynas okungahambanga kahle ngakho kokubili ama-GMO nesayensi lubanzi, futhi iphikisiwe ngephuzu ngabathile abahola phambili emhlabeni izazi ngezolimo futhi izazi zezinto eziphilayo,”Kubhala u-Eric Holt-Giménez, PhD, owayengumqondisi weFood First, ku I-Huffington Post.
  • UMark Lynas une “wenza umsebenzi ophume…" kubhale uThimothewu A. Wise, owayengumqondisi wocwaningo eGlobal Development and Environment Institute eTufts University.
  • "Ukulandisa kukaLynas kungamanga,”Ngokusho kuka- Ukukhishwa kwe-2018 kusuka e-African Centre for Biodiversity, iqembu elizinze eNingizimu Afrika. 
  • “Maka Izimangalo zikaLynas zibonisa ukungazi okujulile kwezesayensi, noma umzamo osebenzayo wokwenza ukungabaza. Kufanele ungamnaki, ” uthumele uPete Myers, PhD, usosayensi omkhulu e-Environmental Health Sciences, umshicileli we-EHN.org.

Amaqhinga 'okukhohlisayo, adukisayo futhi angenasimiso' 

Amaqembu azinze e-Afrika athi uLynas usemelele kabi amaqiniso amaningi ukuthuthukisa uhlelo lwezombusazwe. Ngokombiko wangoDisemba 2018 yi-African Centre for Biodiversity, Lynas kanye neCornell Alliance for Science basebenzise izithombe zabalimi base-Afrika ngaphandle kolwazi nemvume yabo, bexhaphaza izithombe ngezindlela ezidukisayo zokuthi abalimi badinga ama-GMO.

ULynas usebenzise lesi sithombe somlimi waseTanzania, uNkk. R, ngaphandle komongo futhi ngaphandle kwemvume yakhe.

Njengesibonelo esisodwa, uLynas wabhala lesi sithombe somlimi waseTanzania, uNkk. R, ngaphandle kwemvume nangaphandle komongo, esikisela ukuthi uyisisulu “sokungabi nabulungisa emhlabeni wonke.” UNkk. R empeleni ungumlimi ophumelelayo futhi olwela izindlela zokulima kanye nokuziphilisa kahle, ngokusho kombiko we-ACBio. Ucele uLynas ukuthi asuse isithombe sakhe, kodwa uhlala kwi-feed yakhe ye-twitter. I-ACBio ithe embikweni wayo ukuthi amaqhinga kaLynas “eqe umugqa obomvu wokuziphatha futhi kumele ayeke.”  

Iqembu elibusa ukudla nalo kusho ekukhululweni kwezindaba ukuthi uLynas "unomlando wokwenza ububi eTanzania" ngomkhakha wezokuvikela imboni ye-biotech. “Ukuhambela kwakhe kuleli kuhlelwe kahle yindawo yokwamukela izivakashi, esebenzisa izinkundla ezifana nemihlangano ejwayelekile ye-Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa (OFAB), lapho abezindaba bekhona khona bezobika ngezinkulumo zakhe. Ukuhlasela kwakhe bekuqondiswe kakhulu emithethweni yezwe yokuvikela ukuphepha, ikakhulukazi indlela yayo yokuvikela kanye nemibandela eqinile yezikweletu. ”

I-Alliance for Food Ubukhosi (i-AFSA), umfelandawonye omele amaqembu abalimi angama-35 nabathengi e-Afrika yonkana, nayo isole uLynas ngokugqugquzela “izethembiso ezingamanga, ukumelwa kabi, namanye amaqiniso. ” Kundatshana ka-2018, bachaze uLynas "njengongqondongqondo" ongahloniphi abantu base-Afrika, amasiko namasiko abo. "

Imiyalezo yokubulala izinambuzane isuselwa kumaphoyinti okukhuluma embonini, hhayi isayensi

Esinye isibonelo sokubika okunganembile kukaLynas ngesakhe Isihloko se-2017 i-Cornell Alliance for Science ehlasela i-ejensi yomdlavuza ye-World Health Organisation ngokubika i-glyphosate iyingozi yomdlavuza womuntu. U-Lynas wathi lo mbiko wophiko lochwepheshe "kwakuwukuzingelwa kwabathakathi" kanye "nokuhlanekezelwa okusobala kwezesayensi nobulungiswa bemvelo," okwakuhlelwe abantu abanqotshwe "ukuthukuthela nemizwelo." Uthe i-glyphosate "iyikhemikhali elibi kakhulu kwezolimo emhlabeni." 

A hlola iqiniso yi-US Right to Know uthole ukuthi uLynas wenza izimpikiswano ezifanayo ezidukisayo nezinamaphutha futhi wathembela emithonjeni efanayo emibili enamaphutha njengebhulogi eyathunyelwa ngenyanga edlule yi Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu iMonsanto lalikhokha ukusiza ukuvikela i-glyphosate neminye imikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Ekuphakamiseni icala lakhe ukuthi "amaqembu ezishoshovu ahlukumeza isayensi futhi abeka eceleni inqubomgomo esuselwa ebufakazini ku-glyphosate saga," u-Lynas akagcinanga ngokuthembela ezimpikiswaneni nasezimbonini, kodwa futhi wabushaya indiva ubufakazi obuningi, obabikwa kabanzi kwabezindaba, ukuthi iMonsanto ilawula ukubuyekezwa kwesayensi nokulawula ku-glyphosate amashumi eminyaka usebenzisa amaqhinga okucasha kufaka phakathi izifundo zokubhala ghost futhi izihloko, izifundo zokubulala, ukucindezela isayensi engabazisayo, ukuhlasela ososayensi futhi izinhlangano zokulawula ezinamandla ngenhloso yokuvikela inzuzo yayo kumikhiqizo esekwe ku-glyphosate. 

Kukhuthazwe, kuxhumene nenethiwekhi yezimboni zezibulala-zinambuzane

Izinkampani zezolimo kanye nemisebenzi yazo yezobudlelwano bomphakathi zivame ukukhuthaza uMark Lynas nomsebenzi wakhe. Bona isibonelo Iwebhusayithi kaMonsanto, ama-tweets amaningi wokuphromotha ngomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane amaqembu okuhweba, amaqembu okubungaza, pro-umkhakha izifundiswa futhi abalobi, Futhi various Monsanto abasebenzi, kanye nenqwaba yama-athikili kaLynas kukhuthazwe ngu Iphrojekthi Yezofuzo, a iqembu le-propaganda ababambisana neMonsanto.

ILynas neCornell Alliance for Science nabo bayasebenzisana nabanye ababambe iqhaza kwinethiwekhi yezokuphepha kanye nenkulumo-ze yomkhakha wezolimo.

Iluleka iqembu labalingani beMonsanto i-Sense About Science

Imfihlo Uhlelo lweMonsanto PR yangomhla kaFebhuwari 2015 yaphakamisa Umuzwa Ngezesayensi njengeqembu elingasiza ekuholeni impendulo yomkhakha kwabezindaba ukudicilela phansi umbiko womdlavuza we-WHO nge-glyphosate. ULynas ukhonza ku- umkhandlu wokweluleka ye-Sense Mayelana neSayensi. I-Intercept ibikile ngo-2016 lokho "I-Sense About Science ayivezi ngaso sonke isikhathi lapho imithombo yayo yezindaba eziyimpikiswano ingososayensi abanobudlelwano nezimboni ezihlolwayo," futhi "kwaziwa ukuthi bathatha izikhundla ezingavumelani nesayensi noma ezichithe ubufakazi obuvelayo bokulimala." Umuzwa Ngezesayensi abambisene neCornell Alliance for Science ukunikeza "ukubonisana kwezibalo zezintatheli" ngomqondisi weqembu UTrevor Butterworth, ochazwe yizintatheli njengo “imboni yamakhemikhali umbhali wobudlelwano bomphakathi.

Related: IMonsanto ithembele kulaba "abalingani" ukuhlasela ososayensi abaphezulu bomdlavuza

Kuhlanganiswe nesayensi yezulu ukugxeka ukuqalisa i-pro-fracking, pro-nuke, GMO “movement”

U-Lynas uzibiza ngomunye wabasunguli “bokunyakaza” “kwe-ecomodernism,” uhlobo oluhambisanayo lwenkampani “lwezemvelo” umlobi waseBrithani uGeorge Monbiot aluchaza ngokuthi “aluthathi zinyathelo zepolitiki ukuvikela umhlaba wemvelo.” Abakwa-eco-modernists bakhuthaza ukuthosiwe, amandla enuzi nemikhiqizo yezolimo njengezixazululo zemvelo. Ngokusho kwabaholi be-eco-modernist UTed Nordhaus noMichael Shellenberger we-Breakthrough Institute, ubuchwepheshe bamandla obuthandwa ngabazalwane besigidigidi samafutha uKoch “benza okungaphezulu kakhulu ekunciphiseni ukukhishwa kwegesi ebamba ukushisa kunalabo abathandwa yiLeft-apocalyptic Left.” 

Ku-a wehlulekile umcimbi wokuqalisa kwe-ecomodernism ngoSepthemba 2015, uLynas wazihlanganisa no-Owen Paterson, ovelele ophika isayensi yezulu e-UK ngubani kunciphise imali ngemizamo yokulungiselela izwe ukufudumala komhlaba ngesikhathi esengunobhala wezemvelo. Ngenyanga efanayo, uPaterson ukhulume eCornell Alliance for Science, lapho ephakamisa khona ama-GMO nge-hyperbolic inkulumo igcwaliswe nge izimangalo ezingasekelwa, futhi wasola abezemvelo ngokuvumela izingane ukuba zife e-Afrika. "Imikhankaso eluhlaza eyizigidigidi ibulala izingane ezihlwempu," kusho u-a isihloko ukubika ngenkulumo kaPaterson's Cornell evela eMkhandlwini WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nempilo, a iqembu langaphambili iMonsanto lalikhokha ukuvikela imikhiqizo yayo. 

Isendlalelo sikaMark Lynas

ULynas wabhala izincwadi eziningana ngokuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu (enye yazo yamukelwa yiRoyal Society) ngaphambi kokuba akhange umhlaba wonke "Ukuguqulwa" kusuka kwisishoshovu se-anti-GMO kumgqugquzeli wobuchwepheshe ngenkulumo ekhuthazwa kabanzi yango-2013 e-Oxford ethi abagxekayo babe kuchazwe njengo ukudukisa. Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ngalowo nyaka uLynas waba ngumuntu eCornell University Office of International Programs eKolishi Lezolimo neLife Sciences, waqala usebenzela iCornell Alliance for Science, umkhankaso wezokuxhumana owenziwe ngonyaka we-2014 wokukhuthaza ama-GMO nge imali evela eGates Foundation.

Bheka: Kungani iCornell University ibamba umkhankaso we-GMO propaganda?

ULynas wazibiza ngokuthi "ungumqondisi wezepolitiki" weCornell Alliance for Science kwiNew York Times yango-2015 i-op-ed. ICornell Alliance for Science ayichazi ukuthi luyini uhlelo lwayo lwezepolitiki, kepha imiyalezo kanye nezinhloso zeqembu zilandelela eduze uhlelo lwezohwebo lomkhakha wezolimo: ukukhulisa ukwamukelwa kwezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane emhlabeni jikelele, ikakhulukazi e-Afrika.

I-Mysterious Lynas PR push, futhi yavuza imemo ye-EuropaBio

Ukusatshalaliswa okukhulu kwabezindaba ngokuguqulwa kukaLynas 'pro-GMO ngo-2013 kwaphakamisa izinsolo zokuthi umkhankaso we-PR wemboni wawusiza ukumphakamisa ekusithekeni. A idalulwe imemo ka-2011 okuvela enkampanini yePR yomkhakha - echaza ngezinhlelo zokuqasha “amanxusa” asezingeni eliphakeme ukunxenxa ukwamukelwa kweGMO - kwandisa izinsolo zokusekelwa kwezimboni ngoba lo mbhalo uqambe igama elithi Lynas. Uthe iqembu akakaze asondele kuye.

Ngokombiko othile Umbiko Guardian, I-EuropaBio, iqembu lezokuhweba elinamalungu alo afaka phakathi iMonsanto neBayer, lihlele ukuqasha amanxusa e-PR ukusiza abenzi bezinqumo "ukucabanga kabusha ngesimo seYurophu ngezitshalo zeGM." Amanxusa abengeke akhokhelwe ngqo kodwa azothola izindleko zokuhamba kanye "nokuxhaswa kokuxhumana okuzinikele" okuvela embonini yezimali. Isikhulu senkampani i-PR sathi "sinentshisekelo" kuLynas, phakathi kwabanye, endimeni yenxusa. ULynas uphikile ukuthi unokuxhumana nabo. "Angikaze ngicelwe ukuthi ngibe yinxusa, futhi angizokwamukela isicelo esinjalo uma ngicelwa," etshela iGuardian.

IGates Foundation, ama-GMO neMonsanto

IBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, umxhasi oyinhloko weCornell Alliance for Science no $ 12 wezigidi kwizibonelelo, igxekiwe ngamasu ayo oxhaso lokuthuthukisa ezolimo axhasa ama-ajenda ebhizinisi lezolimo. A Ukuhlaziywa kwe-2014 okuvela eqenjini locwaningo IGRAIN ithole ukuthi iGates Foundation ichithe iningi lezimali zayo zokuthuthukisa ezolimo “ukondla abampofu e-Afrika” - cishe ama- $ 3 billion asetshenziswe ngaphezu kweminyaka eyishumi - fundisa ososayensi nabaphenyi emazweni acebile. Le mali isiza nasekuthengeni ithonya lezepolitiki kulo lonke elase-Afrika, kubika i-GRAIN. A Umbiko we-2016 weqembu lokukhuthaza i-Global Justice Now uphethe ngokuthi amasu okuthuthukisa ezolimo eGates Foundation “abhebhethekisa ukungalingani komhlaba wonke futhi agxilisa amandla ezinkampani emhlabeni jikelele.”

IGates Foundation inwebe kakhulu imali yayo yamaphrojekthi wezolimo eminyakeni eyishumi eyedlule lapho uRob Horsch, Inhloko yangaphambili kaMonsanto yentuthuko yamazwe omhlaba ijoyine ukuthuthukiswa kwezolimo kwesisekelo ithimba lobuholi. Incwadi entsha kaLynas ethi “Seeds of Science” ichitha isahluko (“The True History of Monsanto”) izama ukuchaza ezinye zezono zenkampani edlule nokudumisa uRob Horsch isikhathi eside. Sichitha esinye isahluko (“i-Afrika: Bayeke Badle Ummbila Wezingane Oyingqayizivele”) siphikisa ngokuthi abantu base-Afrika badinga imikhiqizo yezimboni zezolimo ukuze bazondle.

Ukugxekwa kwendlela yeGates Foundation yekoloniyalizim e-Afrika

  • Imbewu Ye-Neo-Colonialism: Kungani Abagqugquzeli be-GMO Bakuthola Kubi Kangaka Nge-Afrika, isitatimende ngu Umbutho Wobumbano Lokudla e-Afrika, 5/7/2018
  • Ngabe amaGates noRockefeller basebenzisa ithonya labo ukusetha i-ajenda emazweni ampofu?"Ucwaningo lukhomba izisekelo zikaBill noMelinda Gates kanye neRockefeller phakathi kwabanikeli abacebile abasondelene nohulumeni futhi okungenzeka ukuthi bathanda izinto eziseqhulwini," nguJohn Vidal, Tyena Guardian, 1/15/2016
  • Amandla Wentuthuko Nokuthuthuka. Ngubani owenza i-ajenda? nguJens Martens noKarolin Seitz, Umbiko ka-2015 (ikhasi 48).
  • I-Philanthrocapitalism: Izinhlelo ze-Gates Foundation zase-Afrika aziwona usizo, nguPhilip L Bereano, uSolwazi Emeritus e-University of Washington, Ukuvuselelwa Komhlaba Kwesithathu, 2017
  • IBill Gates Isiza KFC Ukuthatha i-Afrika, ngu-Alex Park, Umama Jones, 1/10/2014
  • IGates Foundation's Agenda Agenda e-Afrika 'Olunye Uhlobo Lobukoloniyali,' Kuxwayisa Ababhikishi, nguLauren McCauley, Amaphupho ajwayelekile, 3/23/2015
  • IGates Foundation ihola phambili ekuphangweni kwezolimo e-Afrika, nguColin Todhunter, Isazi Semvelo, 1/21/2016
  • Ngabe iGates Foundation iyisebenzisa kanjani imali yayo ukondla umhlaba?Umbiko wokusanhlamvu, 2014
  • UBill Gates usemkhankasweni wokuthengisa ama-GMO e-Afrika, kepha akalikhulumi lonke iqiniso, nguStacy Malkan, Okunye, 3/24/2016

Ukulandelela Inethiwekhi Yezimboni Yezimboni Eziphathelene Nezibulala-zinambuzane

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Izinkampani ezine kuphela manje ezilawula ngaphezu kuka-60% wokuphakelwa komhlaba wembewu nezibulala-zinambuzane. Ukwengamela umphakathi ngemisebenzi yabo kubalulekile ekutholeni ukudla okuphephile nokunempilo. Kodwa-ke zonke lezi zinkampani - iMonsanto / Bayer, iDowDuPont, iSyngenta, i-BASF - zinde imilando yokufihla ingozi kwemikhiqizo yabo. Njengoba amarekhodi abo engakhuthazi ukwethenjwa, bathembele kubalingani benkampani yangaphandle ukukhuthaza nokuvikela imikhiqizo yabo.

Amashidi eqiniso ngezansi akhanya kule nethiwekhi ye-propaganda efihliwe: amaqembu angaphambili, izifundiswa, izintatheli kanye nabalawuli abasebenza ekusithekeni nezinkampani zokubulala izinambuzane ukukhuthaza nokuvikela ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane. 

Imininingwane esiyibika lapha isuselwa kuphenyo lwe-US Right to Know oluthole amashumi ezinkulungwane zamakhasi emibhalo yangaphakathi yezinkampani nezomthetho kusukela ngonyaka wezi-2015. Uphenyo lwethu lukhuthaze umkhankaso wokuphikisana nomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane ozame ukudicilela phansi umsebenzi wethu. Ngokuvumelana ne Imibhalo yeMonsanto ivezwe ngo-2019,  "Uphenyo lwe-USRTK luzoba nomthelela kuyo yonke imboni." 

Sicela wabelane ngalawa maqiniso, futhi bhalisa lapha ukwamukela izindaba ezivela ekuphenyweni kwethu. 

Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa: ukwenziwa kweqembu langaphambili leMonsanto

I-AgBioChatter: lapho izinkampani nezifundiswa behlela isu kuma-GMO kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane

U-Alison Van Eenennaam: isikhulumi sangaphandle esingukhiye kanye nommeli wezokuvikela embonini yezolimo kanye neye GMO

Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo iyiqembu eliphambili lenkampani

Izinkampani zeBayer's Shady PR: UHillard noKetchum PR

Kwenziwe kabusha isiza imboni yamakhemikhali i-PR nemizamo yokunxenxa

Isikhungo Sobuqotho Bokudla ukudla kanye nemboni yezolimo abalingani be-PR

ICornell Alliance yeSayensi is a umkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi eCornell ukukhuthaza ama-GMO

Umkhandlu Wezokwazisa nge-Biotechnology, Izimpendulo ze-GMO, iCropLife: Imboni yokubulala izinambuzane imizamo ye-PR 

UDrew Kershen: umkhakha weqembu lezolimo ngaphambili ongumholi

I-Food Evolution GMO Idokhumentari ifilimu esakaza inkulumo-ze, kusho izifundiswa eziningi

UGeoffrey Kabat: izibopho zamaqembu ezimboni zikagwayi namakhemikhali

Ukuhlola kweGlyphosate Spin: ukulandelela izimangalo mayelana ne-herbicide esetshenziswa kakhulu

Izimpendulo ze-GMO is a Ukuphathwa kwezinkinga Ithuluzi le-PR lama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides

UHank Campbell i-maze yamabhulogi esayensi athanda iMonsanto

UHenry I. Miller kwehliswe yiForbes ngehlazo lokubhala ngemiphefumulo leMonsanto

Inkundla Yabesifazane Ezimele: Iqembu elixhaswa ngemali nguKoch livikela izibulala-zinambuzane, uwoyela, izimboni zikagwayi

I-International Food Information Council (IFIC): Ukuthi iBig Food iziphotha kanjani izindaba ezimbi

I-International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) iyiqembu lokwamukela izimboni zokudla, imibhalo ikhombisa

UJay Byrne: hlangana nendoda engemuva komshini weMonsanto PR

UJon Entine, Iphrojekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo: izithunywa ezibalulekile zeMonsanto, iBayer kanye nemboni yamakhemikhali

UKeith Kloor: ukuthi intatheli yesayensi isebenze kanjani nabalingani bemboni ekusithekeni

UKevin Folta izimangalo ezilahlekisayo nezikhohlisayo

UMark Lynas weCornell Alliance weSayensi amaphromoshini akhohlisayo futhi anganembile nge-ajenda yezentengiselwano yomkhakha wezolimo

IMonsanto yaqamba laba "abalingani bemboni" kuyo Uhlelo lwe-PR lokubhekana nesinqumo somdlavuza we-glyphosate (2015)

UNina Federoff yagqugquzela igunya lesayensi yaseMelika ukusekela iMonsanto

UPamela Ronald's izibopho emaqenjini angaphambili embonini yamakhemikhali

UPeter Phillips kanye nezihlobo zakhe uchungechunge oluyimfihlo "lwelungelo lokwazi" e-University of Saskatchewan

SciBabe uthi udle izibulala-zinambuzane zakho, kepha ngubani omkhokhelayo?

Isayensi Media Center ithuthukisa imibono yenkampani yesayensi

Umuzwa Ngezesayensi / IZITATIMENDE spin isayensi embonini

UStuart Smyth imboni yezolimo izibopho kanye nezimali 

UTamar Haspel idukisa abafundi beWashington Post kumakholamu akhe okudla

I-Val Giddings: i-BIO VP yangaphambili iyinkampani esebenza kakhulu embonini yezolimo

Amashidi eqiniso angaphezulu ngamaqembu aphambili angaphambili, amaqembu ezohwebo nababhali be-PR:

I-BIO: iqembu lokuhweba lomkhakha we-biotech

Isikhungo Senkululeko Yabathengi

Izitshalo Zokuphila Zomhlaba Wonke

I-International Life Sciences Institute

UJulie Kelly

UKavin Senapathy / MAMIzinganekwane

I-Ketchum PR

I-US Farmers and Ranchers Alliance

Izinsiza Ezengeziwe ezivela e-US Right to Know

Izifundo zezifundo ezibhalwe kabusha yi-US Right to Know 

Amaphepha eMonsanto: Ingobo yomlando wedokhumenti ye-Roundup / Glyphosate 

Ingobo yomlando wedokhumenti ye-Dicamba

I-Roundup ne-Dicamba Trial Tracker blog olusha njalo 

Ishidi lamaqiniso leGlyphosate: Ukukhathazeka Kwezempilo Mayelana ne-Pesticide Esetshenziswa Kakhulu

Ishidi lamaqiniso lakwaDicamba

Ukusabalala kwezindaba zomhlaba wonke ze Ukutholwa kwe-US Right to Know 

Uma uthanda umsebenzi wethu, sicela QHAFAZA LAPHA ukusisiza sikhuphule ukushisa kuphenyo lwe-USRTK.

Izibopho zikaPamela Ronald's to Chemical Industry Front Groups

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Kubuyekezwe ngoJuni 2019

UPamela Ronald, PhD, uprofesa wezifo zezitshalo e-University of California, uDavis nombhali wencwadi yango-2008 ethi “Tomorrow's Table,” ungummeli owaziwayo wokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Okungaziwa kakhulu iqhaza likaDkt. Ronald ezinhlanganweni eziziveza njengabantu abazimele ngaphandle kwezimboni, kodwa empeleni basebenzisana nezinhlangano zamakhemikhali ukukhuthaza nokunxenxa ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, ezinhlelweni ezingafihli lutho emphakathini. 

Ixhumana neqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo

UPamela Ronald unobudlelwano obuningi neqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo, i IGenetic Literacy Project, kanye nomqondisi wayo omkhulu, uJon Entine. Ubasize ngezindlela eziningi. Ngokwesibonelo, imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi ngonyaka wezi-2015, UDkt. Ronald uqoke u-Entine njengomuntu ophakeme futhi ofundisa ezokuxhumana kwezesayensi e-UC Davis, futhi wabambisana ne-Genetic Literacy Project ukusingatha imboni yezolimo exhaswe ngemali umcimbi womlayezo abaqeqeshe abahlanganyeli ukuthi bangayikhangisa kanjani imikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project ichazwe ku umklomelo Okwezwe uphenyo njenge “website eyaziwayo yenkulumo-ze” eyadlala indima enkulu emkhankasweni weMonsanto wokuhlambalaza umbiko wenhlangano yocwaningo lomdlavuza yeWorld Health Organisation ngeglyphosate. Kwi Idokhumenti ka-2015 PR, IMonsanto ikhombe i-Genetic Literacy Project phakathiabalingani bemboni ” inkampani ihlele ukuzibandakanya "nokuhlela ukukhala" ngombiko womdlavuza. I-GLP kusukela lapho isishicilele izindatshana eziningi ezihlasela ososayensi bomdlavuza njenge- "anti-chemical enviros" eyaqamba amanga futhi yazibandakanya nayo inkohlakalo, ukuhlanekezela, ukufihla nokukhwabanisa.

I-Entine inezibopho zesikhathi eside embonini yamakhemikhali; umsebenzi wakhe uhlanganisa ukuvikela izibulala-zinambuzane, industrial Amakhemikhali, amapulasitiki, ukukhwabanisa, Kanye imboni kawoyela, imvamisa nge ukuhlaselwa kososayensi, izintatheli futhi izifundiswa.  Faka umkhankaso i-Genetic Literacy Project ngo-2011 lapho UMonsanto wayeyikhasimende yenkampani yakhe yezobudlelwano nomphakathi. I-GLP ekuqaleni ehlotshaniswa ne-STATS, izintatheli zeqembu elingenzi nzuzo zichaze njenge- “umkhankaso we-disinformation”Lokho imbewu ingabaza isayensi futhi “eyaziwa ngokuvikela kwayo imboni yamakhemikhali. " 

Ngo-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project yathuthela enhlanganweni entsha yabazali, i-Science Literacy Project. Ukufakwa kwentela kwe-IRS ngalowo nyaka kubonisiwe ukuthi uDkt. Ronald wayeyilungu lebhodi eyasungula i-Science Literacy Project, kodwa ama-imeyili kusuka ngo-Agasti 2018 khombisa ukuthi uDkt. Ronald uqinisekise u-Entine ukuthi asuse igama lakhe kwifomu lentela ngemuva kokuthi kwaziwe ukuthi ubhalwe lapho (ifomu elichitshiyelwe lentela selikhona manje kuyatholakala lapha). UDkt. Ronald ubhalele u-Entine, “Angizange ngisebenze kuleli bhodi futhi angizange nginike mvume yokuthi igama lami libhalwe. Ngicela uthathe izinyathelo ngokushesha ukwazisa i-IRS ukuthi igama lami lifakwe ohlwini ngaphandle kwemvume. ” U-Entine ubhale ukuthi unezinkumbulo ezihlukile. “Ngikhumbula kahle ukuthi wavuma ukuba yingxenye yebhodi futhi wahola ibhodi lokuqala… Wawunomdlandla futhi ungisekela empeleni. Akukho kungabaza engqondweni yami ukuthi uvumelane nalokhu. ” Yize kunjalo wavuma ukuzama ukususa igama lakhe embhalweni wentela.

Laba bobabili baphinde baxoxa ngefomu lentela ngoDisemba 2018 ngemuva kokuthi kuthunyelwe leli phepha. Kubhale u-Entine, “Ngikubhalile ku-original 990 ngokususelwa engxoxweni yocingo lapho uvumile ukuba khona ebhodini. Ngesikhathi ungimelela ukuthi awuvumelani nalokhu, ngicishe irekhodi njengoba ubucelile. ” Ku- enye i-imeyili ngalolo suku, ukhumbuze uDkt. Ronald ukuthi “empeleni ubuhlangene nale 'nhlangano: njengoba besisebenza ndawonye, ​​ngaphandle komzamo nangokwakhayo, ekwenzeni ikamu lamabhuzu enyuvesi yakho libe yimpumelelo enkulu.”  

Amafomu entela eSayensi Literacy Project manje abala amalungu amathathu ebhodi: Entine; UDrew Kershen, owayenguprofesa wezomthetho futhi owayesebhodini le- “Academics Review,” iqembu elalithi lizimele ngenkathi ithola izimali zayo ezinkampanini zezolimo; futhi UGeoffrey Kabat, ingcweti yezifo ezisebenza ku ibhodi labeluleki besayensi Okwe Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu lelo uthole imali evela kuMonsanto ngomsebenzi wayo wokuvikela ama-pesticides kanye nama-GMO.

Isungulwe, yahola iqembu le-UC Davis eliphakamisa imizamo ye-PR yomkhakha

UDkt Ronald wayengumqondisi osungula iWorld Food Center's Isikhungo Sokufunda Nokufunda Kwezolimo (IFAL), iqembu elasungulwa e-2014 e-UC Davis lokuqeqesha ubuhlakani kanye nabafundi ukukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, izitshalo nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Leli qembu alizivezi ngokugcwele izimali zalo.

Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald unikele UJon Entine neqembu lakhe eliphambili embonini I-Genetic Literacy Project yesikhulumi e-UC Davis, ukuqoka i-Entine njengomuntu omkhulu ongakhokhiwe we-IFAL kanye nomfundisi nomeluleki ohlelweni lokuthweswa iziqu kwezokuxhumana kwezesayensi. U-Entine akaseyena umngani e-UC Davis. Bona incwadi yethu yango-2016 eya kwiWorld Food Center ebuza ngezimali ze-Entine ne-IFAL kanye nabo incazelo engacacile mayelana nokuthi uxhaso lwabo luvelaphi.

NgoJulayi 2014, uDkt. Ronald waveza ku-imeyili asebenza naye ukuthi u-Entine wayeyi- umhlanganyeli obalulekile ongabanika iziphakamiso ezinhle zokuthi bangaxhumana nobani ukuze bathole imali eyengeziwe ngomcimbi wokuqala we-IFAL. NgoJuni 2015, i-IFAL yabamba iqhaza "Ikamu lokuqala le-Biotech Literacy Project”Nge-Genetic Literacy Project kanye ne- Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo zeqembu leMonsanto. Abahleli bathi lo mcimbi uxhaswe yimithombo yezemfundo, kahulumeni neyezimboni, kepha imithombo engeyona eyezimboni iyenqabile ukuxhasa le micimbi kanye ne kuphela umthombo wokuthola imali ongalandeleka uvela embonini, ngokusho kokubikwa kukaPaul Thacker ku-The Progressive.

Amarekhodi entela akhombisa lokho kubuyekezwa kwezifundo, okwakuthola okwayo imali evela embonini yezolimo iqembu lokuhweba, lisebenzise u- $ 162,000 engqungqutheleni yezinsuku ezintathu e-UC Davis. Inhloso yekamu ebhuthini, ngokwe-ajenda, bekuzoqeqesha nokuxhasa ososayensi, izintatheli nabaphenyi bezemfundo ukuze banxenxe umphakathi kanye nabenzi benqubomgomo ngezinzuzo zama-GMO nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Izikhulumi enkanjini yebhuthi i-UC Davis zifakiwe UJay Byrne, Owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana ezinkampanini kaMonsanto; Hank campbell yezimali ezixhaswa yiMonsanto Umkhandlu waseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo; osolwazi abanezibopho zomkhakha ezingadalulwanga ezifana USolwazi Emeritus Bruce Chassy wase-University of Illinois futhi USolwazi Kevin Folta waseYunivesithi yaseFlorida; UCami Ryan, manje osebenzela iMonsanto; UDavid Ropeik, umxhumanisi wokuqonda ngobungozi onenkampani ye-PR amaklayenti afaka iDow neBayer; kanye nabanye ababambisene nomkhakha wezolimo.

Izikhulumi eziyinhloko kwakunguDkt. Ronald, UYvette d'Entremont uSci Babe, "umxhumanisi wezesayensi" ovikela izibulala-zinambuzane neziswidi zokufakelwa ngenkathi ethatha imali ezinkampanini ezidayisa leyo mikhiqizo, noTed Nordhaus we-Breakthrough Institute. (UNordhaus naye wabalwa njengelungu lebhodi leSayensi Literacy Project kwifomu lokuqala lentela lika-2015/2016, kodwa igama lakhe lasuswa kanye noDkt. Ronald's kwifomu echitshiyelwe i-Entine efakwe ngo-2018; uNordhaus uthe akakaze asebenze ebhodini.)

Ukupheka ukuduba kukaChipotle

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald noJon Entine babambisene ekuthumeleni imiyalezo ukudicilela phansi abagxeki bokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Kwesinye isikhathi, uDkt. Ronald uphakamise ukuthi ahlele ukuduba ngokumelene nechungechunge lokudlela laseChipotle ngenxa yesinqumo salo sokunikela nokuphromotha ukudla okungewona okwe-GMO.

Ngo-Ephreli 2015, uDkt Ronald wathumela i-imeyili i-Entine futhi U-Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, owayeyisisebenzi sangaphambilini seMonsanto nochwepheshe wezokweluleka ngokubambisana e-UC Davis, ukusikisela ukuthi bathole umfundi ozobhala ngabalimi abasebenzisa izibulala-zinambuzane ezinobuthi kakhulu ukutshala ummbila ongewona owe-GMO. "Ngiphakamisa ukuthi silazise leli qiniso (uma nje sesithole imininingwane) bese sihlela ukuduba kwe-chipotle, ”Kubhala uDkt Ronald. U-Entine wayalela umlingani wakhe ukuthi abhale i-athikili ye-Genetic Literacy Project ngesihloko esithi "ukusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane kuvame ukukhuphuka" lapho abalimi beshintshela kwimodeli engeyona eye-GMO ukuhlinzeka izindawo zokudlela ezinjengeChipotle. I- esihlokweni, obhaliswe ngokuhlanganyela ngu-Entine futhi etusa ubulungu bakhe be-UC Davis, wehluleka ukufakazela leso simangalo ngedatha.

Iqembu le-biotech spin elenziwe ngokubambisana iBioFortified

UDkt. Ronald wasungula futhi wakhonza njengelungu lebhodi (2012-2015) le I-Biology Fortified, Inc. (i-Biofortified), iqembu elithuthukisa ama-GMO kanye ineqembu lesishoshovu sozakwethu lokho kuyahlela imibhikisho yokubhekana nabagxeki baseMonsanto. Abanye babaholi beBiofortified kufaka phakathi ilungu lebhodi lokusungula uDavid Tribe, isazi sezofuzo e-University of Melbourne owasungula Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo, iqembu elalizimele ngenkathi ethola izimali zezimboni, futhi esebenzisana ne-IFAL ukusingatha iBiotech Literacy Project “camp boot” e-UC Davis.

Owayelilungu lebhodi uKevin Folta (2015-2018), usosayensi wezitshalo eNyuvesi yaseFlorida isihloko sendaba yeNew York Times ebika ukuthi udukise umphakathi ngokusebenzisana kwemboni okungadalulwanga. Ama-blogger ase-Biofortified afaka uSteve Savage, owake waba khona Isisebenzi saseDuPont saphenduka umxhumanisi wemboni; UJoe Ballanger, a umxhumanisi weMonsanto; no-Andrew Kniss, one uthole imali evela kuMonsanto. Imibhalo iphakamisa ukuthi amalungu eBiofortified axhumene nge imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane emkhankasweni wokunxenxa ukuphikisa imikhawulo yezibulala-zinambuzane eHawaii.

Udlale indima ehamba phambili kumabhayisikobho e-propaganda axhaswa ngezimboni

UDkt. Ronald uveze ngokugqamile kwiFood Evolution, ifilimu eliwumbhalo mayelana nokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okuxhaswa yiqembu lezokuhweba i-Institute for Food Technologists. Inqwaba yezifundiswa zinayo wabiza inkulumo-ze yefilimu, nabantu abambalwa okwaxoxwa nabo ngefilimu ichaze inqubo ekhohlisayo yokuqopha ifilimu futhi wathi imibono yabo ikhishwe kumongo.

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2017/06/gmo-industry-propaganda-film-food-evolution/

Umeluleki womkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi obususelwa eCornell

UDkt Ronald usebhodini lokweluleka leCornell Alliance for Science, umkhankaso we-PR ozinze eCornell University okhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane usebenzisa imiyalezo yezimboni zezolimo. Ixhaswe ngokuyinhloko yiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, iCornell Alliance for Science inayo waphikisana nokusetshenziswa koMthetho Wenkululeko Yolwazi ukuphenya izikhungo zikahulumeni, udukise umphakathi ngolwazi olungaqondile nezithunywa eziphakeme ezingathembekile; bheka imibhalo ekhasini lethu lamaqiniso.

Uthola imali evela embonini yezolimo

Imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know ikhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald uthola isinxephezelo ezinkampanini zezolimo ukuze akhulume emicimbini lapho ekhuthaza khona ama-GMO kubabukeli abakhulu izinkampani ezifuna ukubathonya, njengodokotela bezokudla. Ama-imeyili asuka kuNovemba 2012 ahlinzeka ngesibonelo sendlela uDkt Ronald asebenza ngayo nezinkampani.

Umsebenzi waseMonsanto uWendy Reinhardt Kapsak, udokotela wezokudla owake wasebenzela imboni yokudla spin iqembu IFIC, wamema uRonald ukuba azokhuluma ezingqungqutheleni ezimbili ngo-2013, iFood 3000 kanye ne-Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference ne-Expo. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi laba ababili kuxoxiswane ngezimali nokuthengwa kwezincwadi futhi wavuma ukuthi uDkt. Ronald uzokhuluma eFood 3000, ingqungquthela eyayihlelwe yinkampani ye-PR uPorter Novelli uKapsak athi izofinyelela "kwabezindaba abaphezulu abangama-90 ababa nomthelela wokudla kanye nabadlondlobele." (UDkt. Ronald ukhokhe u- $ 3,000 kulo mcimbi). UKapsak ucele buyekeza amaslayidi kaDkt. Ronald bese usetha ucingo lokuxoxa ngemiyalezo. Futhi kuphaneli bekukhona umongameli uMary Chin (udokotela wezokudla okwathi ubonisana neMonsanto), kanye nabamele iBill & Melinda Gates Foundation neMonsanto, noKapsak enikeza izinkulumo zokuvula. UKapsak ubike kamuva ukuthi iphaneli lithole ukubuyekezwa okukhulu ngabahlanganyeli bethi bazokwabelana ngombono wokuthi, "Kufanele sibe ne-biotech yokusiza ukondla umhlaba. "

Ezinye izingxoxo zokuxhaswa kwezimboni zikaDkt Ronald zifake owe-2014 inkulumo eMonsanto ngoba $ 3,500 kanye namakhophi wencwadi yakhe ayi-100 yena unqabile ukuthumela ku-tweet mayelana; nokubandakanyeka kokukhuluma ngo-2013 akubhalisele IBayer AG nge $ 10,000.

Amaphepha ahoxisiwe

I-Watch Retraction ibike ukuthi, “u-2013 ubungunyaka onzima kusazi sezinto eziphilayo uPamela Ronald. Ngemuva kokuthola iprotheni ebonakala ivusa amasosha omzimba elayisi ukuvikela isifo esivamile sebhaktheriya - esikisela indlela entsha yokwakha izitshalo ezingamelana nezifo - yena nethimba lakhe kwadingeka bahoxise amaphepha amabili ngo-2013 ngemuva kokuthi bengakwazanga ukuphindaphinda abakutholile. Amacala: uhlobo lwebhaktheriya olubhalwe kabi kanye ne-assay eguquguqukayo kakhulu. Kodwa-ke, ukunakekela nokusebenza obala akubonisile kwamzuzela 'ukwenza okulungile'wavuma kithi ngaleso sikhathi. "

Bona ukumbozwa:

"Wenzani ngokuhlehlisa okubuhlungu? I-Q & A enoPamela Ronald noBenjamin Swessinger, " I-Watch Retraction (7.24.2015)

"Ngabe isithunzi sesayensi sikaPamela Ronald, ubuso bomphakathi bamaGMOs, singasindiswa?”NguJonathan Latham, Izindaba Ezizimele Zesayensi (11.12.2013)

"UPamela Ronald wenza okulungile futhi, ehoxisa iphepha leSayensi, " I-Watch Retraction (10.10.2013)

"Ukwenza okulungile: Abaphenyi bahoxisa iphepha lokuzwa ikhoramu ngemuva kwenqubo yomphakathi, " I-Watch Retraction (9.11.2013)

I-Val Giddings: Ukusebenza Okuphezulu Kwemboni Yezolimo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

I-Val Giddings, i-PhD, ingumdlali ophambili emizamweni yezimboni yezolimo yokuphikisana nemithetho ebonakalayo kanye nezokuphepha yokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know futhi athunyelwa ku- Umtapo Wezincwadi Wemibhalo Yezimboni ze-UCSF kukhombisa ukuthi uDkt. Giddings usize ukusungula iqembu eliphambili lezinkampani futhi wadlala indima ebalulekile ekusithekeni kweminye imisebenzi ukuphoqa uhlelo lokususa izinkampani ezinkulu zezolimo emhlabeni.

UDkt Giddings wayeyiphini likamongameli we-Biotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO), okuyiqembu lezokuhweba lezinkampani ze-agrichemical kanye ne-biotechnology. Manje uphethe inkampani yabeluleki i-PrometheusAB, futhi ungumuntu ophakeme ku-Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF).

I-ITIF iyithangi lokucabanga ixhaswe izimboni zemithi, ezingenantambo, ezokuxhumana ngocingo, ezamafilimu nezama-biotech, aziwa kakhulu nge ukuphikisana “nokungathathi hlangothi ngokuphelele"Futhi ukugqugquzela i-ajenda yomkhakha wezobuchwepheshe. Iqembu yathuthela ku-biotechnology ngo-2011 noDkt. Giddings. Amalungu eCongress asebenza "njengosihlalo abahloniphekile" be-ITIF, kufaka phakathi nabameli baseMelika U-Anna Eshoo (D-CA), UDarrell Issa (R-CA) kanye namaSenat I-Orrin Hatch (R-UT) futhi UChris Coons (D-DE), kubonakala sengathi bayasekela futhi basiza amasu kagwayi uDkt Giddings awasebenzisile ukuthuthukisa izintshisekelo zomkhakha wezolimo.

Kuphekwe iqembu eliphambili lezemfundo ukudicilela phansi abagxeki beMonsanto

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know akhombisa ukuthi uDkt. Giddings ubambe iqhaza elibalulekile ekumiseni Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa njengeqembu eliphambili owathi ngamanga wazimela ngenkathi ethatha imali yezimboni zezolimo futhi ezama ukugcina izigxivizo zeminwe zenkampani zifihliwe.

Abanye abahleli abakhulu babekhona UJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana ezinkampani eMonsanto; UBruce Chassy, ​​PhD, uprofesa osafufusa eNyuvesi yase-Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign; futhi U-Eric Sachs, PhD, umqondisi wenqubomgomo yokulawula nezindaba zesayensi eMonsanto.

Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo kungamanga izimangalo kuwebhusayithi yayo ukuthi ayemukeli imali yenkampani noma icela iminikelo yemisebenzi ethile; kepha ngokusho kwamafomu entela, iningi lemali yokuxhaswa kwe-Academics Review ivela kuMkhandlu Wezolwazi Lwezinto Eziphilayo, iqembu lokuhweba elixhaswe futhi liphethwe izinkampani ezinkulu zamakhemikhali emhlabeni: I-BASF, iBayer / iMonsanto, iDowDuPont neSyngenta / ChemChina.

Umugqa wesikhathi wemicimbi ebalulekile yokubuyekezwa kwezifundo:

NgoMashi 11, 2010: Byrne noDkt Chassy uxoxe ngokusungula ukubuyekeza kwe-Academics njengeqembu langaphambili ukukhomba abagxeki bama-GMO nezibulala-zinambuzane ngosizo oluvela kuDkt Giddings. U-Byrne uthe yena noDkt. Giddings bangasebenza "njengezimoto ezithengiswayo" ukuxhuma amabhizinisi ezinkampani kuphrojekthi "ngendlela esiza ukuqinisekisa ukuthembeka nokuzimela (futhi ngaleyo ndlela kube nenani) labanikeli / abanikazi bokuqala ..." UByrne uqaphele ukuthi uyathuthuka yeMonsanto uhlu lwabagxeki bezimboni zezolimo abazolubhekisa:

NgoMashi 24, 2010:  UDkt Chassy umkhankaso iwebsite ye-Academics Review kanye noDavid Tribe, PhD, umfundisi omkhulu eNyuvesi yaseMelbourne, e-Australia, bobabili abesilisa ababalwe njengabaqambi bezifundo.

Ngo-Novemba 23, 2010: UDkt Giddings noDkt Chassy baxoxe ngokuthi yiziphi izinkampani namaqembu ezimboni kungenzeka "iponele" Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa ukuphikisa iphepha lokho kwagxeka u-soy owenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo.

  • "Ngibheja ukuthi singaletha ukusekelwa okuhloniphekile ngakho," kusho uDkt. Giddings ebhalela uDkt. Chassy.
  • UChassy uphendule ngokwengxenye, "Ngibheja abangani bethu eMonsanto bazovuma ukubhala lesi sinqumo bese besikhokhela ukuthi sikuthumele."
  • UGiddings ubhale wathi, "Ngicabanga ukuthi abafana bakasoya bangase bazimisele ukwenza iphoyinti elithile ukuze babhale ukuphikiswa… Uma senza lokhu kahle singasebenzisa i-AcaRev Brand lapha kancane."

Ngemuva kwesonto, UDkt Chassy ubuze u-Eric Sachs uma uMonsanto ehlela ukuphikisa iphepha le-soy, futhi watshela iSachs: "IBhodi lase-US Soybean lizojabulisa isiphakamiso esivela kimi noGraham Brookes sokuphendula kuleso siqephu." (Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo kuthumele i- impendulo kusuka kwaCassy naseBrookes ngonyaka wezi-2012 kungadalulwa lutho ngabaxhasi.)

Ngo-Novemba 30, 2010: Ekushintshaneni nge-imeyili noDkt. Chassy, ​​u-Eric Sachs waseMonsanto uthe angasiza ekugqugquzeleni umuthi wokubulala izinambuzane kanye ne-GMO amaqembu okuhweba embonini ukuxhasa ukubukezwa kwezifundo. "Ukhiye kuzoba ukugcina iMonsanto ingemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi," kubhala uSachs.

Agasti 2011: UDkt Giddings ufake isiphakamiso ku iqembu lezokuhweba elixhaswe ngezimboni yi-CBI kwephrojekthi: "esikwenzayo ngonyaka ozayo ngqo kungumsebenzi wokuxhaswa esingakuthola," ubhalele uMqondisi Ophethe we-CBI u-Ariel Gruswich, nge-imeyili ekopishelwe uDkt. I-Chassy ne-Tribe. UGruswich unxuse la madoda ukuba ahlanganyele ucingo neqembu lakhe: "Ngikholwa ngempela ukuthi ukuzwa ngqo kini nonke kuzokhulisa amathuba okuxhaswa ezinkampanini," ubhale kanje. Amarekhodi entela akhombisa ukuthi i-CBI exhaswe yinkampani inikeze i-Academics Review $ 650,000 kusuka 2014 kuya 2016 "ukufinyelela kwesayensi."

April 2014: I-Academics Review ishicilele umbiko ohlasela imboni yezimboni njengomkhonyovu wokumaketha, futhi abathi bayiqembu elizimele elingenakho ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo. Bona: "Izigxivizo zeminwe zeMonsanto zitholakale yonke indawo ihlaselwa ngokudla okunemvelo, ” nguStacy Malkan, Huffington Post

Ososayensi abaqeqeshwe ngezimboni abaqeqeshwe yizintatheli, izintatheli ukuthi zingawajikisa kanjani ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides  

Imali engaphezulu kwama- $ 300,000 embonini yamakhemikhali uDkt Giddings isize ukukhulisa i-Academics Review yaya ukukhokhela izingqungquthela ezimbili ezibizwa nge- Izinkambu zebhuthi ze- “Biotech Literacy Project”, ebanjelwe University of Florida e 2014 futhi UC Davis ngo-2015, ngokusho kwamarekhodi entela. Amakamu ama-boot - ahlelwe yi-Academics Review nelinye iqembu eliphambili embonini,  Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project - izintatheli eziqeqeshiwe nososayensi ukuthi bangayiqamba kanjani kabusha impikiswano mayelana nama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Bona: “Ukuhlwanyela ama-GMO: Imboni ye-Biotech iyikhulisa kanjani imithombo yezindaba efanelekile - futhi ayikukhuthazi ukugxekwa, ”NguPaul Thacker, I-Progressive

Ukususa ama-GMO kokulawula: "shaya yonke into embi"

Kuma-imeyili angoFebhuwari 2015, uDkt. Giddings uxoxe ngezifundiswa eziningana ngohlelo lokubhala amaphepha amahlanu ephephabhuku aphikisana nesidingo sokususwa komthetho embonini ye-biotech. UDkt. Giddings ubhale ukuthi la maphepha kufanele abambe, “lokhu engikubiza ngokuthi ingxabano kaHenry ethi 'Blow the whole damn thing up', okuyicala engicabanga ukuthi kufanele lenziwe.” Uprofesa wezomthetho wase-University of Arizona uGary Marchant, owaqala ukushintshana ngama-imeyili, wachaza, "iphepha 1 kuhloswe ngalo ukuthi kube yilo elihlasela isihloko sonke."

Alan McHughen, uthisha womkhakha womphakathi e-UC Riverside futhi “Uchwepheshe wenxusa” yezimboni zezolimo ezixhaswe ngemali umkhankaso wokumaketha Izimpendulo ze-GMO, unikele ukubhala iphepha 1. UHenry Miller, MD, uthe angasiza kepha kuningi abengakusebenzisa ukuze abe ngumbhali oyinhloko. (Ngemuva kwenyanga, uMiller wathumela isihloko ku Forbes ukuthi the New York Times kamuva wembula kwakubhalwe ghost nguMonsanto.)

Abanye abakopishe nge-imeyili mayelana namaphepha wephephabhuku babe UDrew Kershen weYunivesithi yase-Oklahoma College of Law; UGuy Cardineau, UYvonne Stevens futhi ULauren Burkhart wase-Arizona State University; USteven Strauss Oregon State University; UKevin Folta weYunivesithi yaseFlorida; UShane Morris we Ezemvelo Canada; U-Alison Van Eenennaam ka-UC Davis; UJoanna Sax weCalifornia Western School of Law; futhi UThomas Reddick we-Global Environmental Ethics Council.

Incwadi esayinwe ngusosayensi edidiyelwe ephikisana nocwaningo lweSeralini

NgoSepthemba 2012, uDkt Giddings uxhumanise incwadi yokungena ngemvume yososayensi kunxusa uWallace Hayes, umhleli oyinhloko we Ukudla kanye Nezokwelapha Kwezolimo, ukucabanga kabusha ngephepha likaSepthemba 2012 ngumcwaningi waseFrance uGilles-Éric Séralini owabika izicubu kumagundane ezondla ukudla kommbila we-Roundup-tolerant GM. Leli phepha lahlehliswa ngemuva konyaka futhi laphinde lashicilelwa komunye umagazini.

Ukusiza ukuxhumanisa isibonakaliso encwadini, uDkt. esetshenziselwa ukuxhumanisa imisebenzi yokuthumela imiyalezo nokunxenxa. Omunye uprofesa osayine le ncwadi, uChris Leaver, uqaphele ukuthi "ubekade enza ngemuva kwezigcawu echaza ngeSense About Science" mayelana nocwaningo lwaseSéralini. I-Sense About Science inomlando omude of ukuphotha isayensi ukuze kuzuze izintshisekelo zebhizinisi.

Ababhalisi be- Incwadi kuya Ukudla kanye Nezokwelapha Kwezolimo ngamashumi URobert Wager, U-Alda Lerayer, UNina Fedoroff, Giddings, USteve Strauss, UChris Leaver, Shanthu Shantharam, Ingo Potrykus, UMarc Fellous, Moises Burachik, UKlaus-Dieter Jany, U-Anthony Trewavas, C Kameswara Rao, CS Prakash, Henry Miller, UKent Bradford, ISelim Cetiner, U-Alan McHughen, ULuis De Stefano-Beltrán, UBruce Chassy, ISalbah Al-Momin, UMartina Newell-McGloughlin, UKlaus Ammann, URonald Herring, ULucia de Souza.

Okuhlobene:Ama-imeyili atholakele: IMonsanto ixhunywe emkhankasweni wokuhoxisa iphepha le-GMO, " I-Watch Retraction

Abalimi abangomama abaphakanyisiwe kufanele bafake ama-GMO

Ezingxoxweni ne-lobbyist yeMonsanto mayelana nokuthi ingahlulwa kanjani imikhankaso yokufaka ilebula ye-GMO eColorado nase-Oregon ngo-2014, uDkt. Giddings uphakamise ukuthi “abalimi abangomama” ababukeka kahle bazoba yizithunywa ezinhle kakhulu zokudambisa ukukhathazeka ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. “Okudingwa yisimo ukuthi indawo yezindawo ze-TV ezinabesifazane abasha abakhangayo, okungcono abalimi bomama, echaza ukuthi kungani ukudla okutholwe nge-biotech kuphephe kakhulu futhi kuluhlaza kunazo zonke emlandweni we-ag futhi okufanele ukwesekwa, ”uDkt. Giddings ubhalele uLisa Drake, umkhokheli kaMonsanto wezindaba zikahulumeni.

NgoSepthemba 2015 ikhasi lokuqala New York Times story, ophumelele amahlandla amathathu iPulitzer Prize Eric Lipton uchaze ama-imeyili:

"Ku lokhu kunwetshwa kwe-imeyili okunwetshiwe, abanye bososayensi nezifundiswaabaye baqashwa ukusiza iMonsanto ukuthi iphushe umbuzo wayo wokuthi ngabe bayizithunywa ezihamba phambili yini. Ababili basikisela ukuthi iMonsanto isebenzise izikhangiso eziningi zethelevishini ezinabalimi esikhundleni salokho. I-Monsanto lobbyist iphendula ukuthi ukuvota kukhombisa ukuthi umphakathi uyakholelwa ososayensi. Empeleni le nkampani isivele inezikhangiso ze-TV ezinabalimi besifazane. ”

Bona: “Imboni yezokudla ibhalise izifundiswa kwi-GMO ebeka impi, ama-imeyili akhombisa, ”Ngu-Eric Lipton, New York Times.

UKeith Kloor: Indlela intatheli yesayensi esebenza ngayo ekusithekeni nabalingani bemboni

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UKeith Kloor uyintatheli ezisebenza ngokuzimela futhi uyilungu le-adjunct journalism faculty e University of New York obhalele i- Imvelo, Isayensi Ngaphakathi, Isilayidi kanye nezindatshana eziningi ze- Thola Umagazini ukugqugquzela ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo nokuhlasela abagxeki bemboni yezolimo, kuyilapho kusizwa nabalingani bemboni ekusithekeni.

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know, athunyelwe ku- Umtapo Wezincwadi Wemibhalo Yezimboni ze-UCSF, iveze izimo lapho uKloor aqeqesha futhi ahlela khona imithombo yakhe, afihla izimboni zomthombo womthombo, futhi abike ngokukhethekile ngolwazi ngezindlela eziqinisa ukulandisa kwemboni. UKloor unqabile ukuphendula imibuzo yalesi sihloko.

Ukukhululwa kokukhetha, okukhethiwe kwama-imeyili we-FOIA

Kusukela ngo-2015 kuya ku-2017, iKloor ibike ukuthi Nature, Isayensi Insider, Discover, Izinkinga Kwezesayensi Nobuchwepheshe, Futhi Slate on a uphenyo lwamarekhodi womphakathi yi-US Right to Know eveze ubudlelwano obungadalulwanga phakathi kwemboni yezolimo kanye nezifundiswa ezixhaswe esidlangalaleni ezithuthukisa imikhiqizo yezolimo, kufaka phakathi USolwazi Kevin Folta wase-University of Florida. Kuzozonke izingcezu ezishicilelwe, uKloor wafaka izicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi njengomthwalo ongadingekile kwizifundiswa.

Ama-imeyili atholakele ngezicelo zamarekhodi wombuso aveza ukuthi uKloor uqobo wayeyingxenye yendaba ayebika ngayo; ubekade ehambele izingqungquthela zokuqeqesha imiyalezo ezixhaswe umkhakha wezolimo noDkt. Folta futhi wasiza uDkt Folta ngokuthumela imiyalezo. Ukuxhumana kukhombisa ukuthi uDkt Folta welule isandla kuKloor ukuze asikisele ukuthi akhululwe ama-imeyili akhe “ngaphambi kokulungiselela” ukusiza ukunciphisa umonakalo wamadokhumende - uKloor akwenzayo, kumagazini Nature. Ngesikhathi esifanayo lapho uKloor ebekhuluma ngendaba yezincwadi eziphambili zesayensi, amadokhumende akhombisa ukuthi wabamba iqhaza ezingxoxweni nabangaphakathi embonini mayelana nezinselelo ezibangelwa izicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi.

Umugqa wesikhathi wokubika nokusebenzisana:

Ukuqeqesha, ukuhlela imithombo; kufihla ubuhlobo bemboni

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uKloor usebenze nemithombo yakhe ekusithekeni ukucija imiyalezo yabo ukusekela imbangela yezimboni yezolimo: ukukholisa abathengi abaqaphile ukwamukela ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Enye yale mithombo kwakungu UDkt Kevin Folta, iNyuvesi yaseFlorida uprofesa owayengumuntu osemqoka uKloor evezwe ezindabeni azibhalela ezincwadini zesayensi ngokusebenza obala kwezemfundo.

Umkhankaso wokuguqula uBill Nye

NgoNovemba 2014, uKloor wasebenzisa eyakhe Discover blog ukufaka inselelo Ukugxeka kukaBill Nye mayelana nama-GMO nge "Incwadi evulekile eya kuBill Nye evela kuSosayensi Wezitshalo" esayinwe nguDkt. Folta. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uKloor ubuzile UDkt Folta ukuphonsela inselelo uNye, weza nomqondo wencwadi evulekile futhi uqeqeshe uDkt Folta ukuthi abhalwa kanjani. Wabe-ke kuhlelwe i-biography kaDkt Folta ukugwema ukubalula imali yezimboni, ngokusho kwama-imeyili.

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uKloor wabhalela uDkt. Folta uhlu lwezinto eziphilayo olufaka phakathi umugqa othi, “Alukho ucwaningo oluxhaswe yiMonsanto.” UDkt. Folta umcele ukuthi alungise leso sigwebo, ebona ukuthi iMonsanto ngokungaqondile ixhase eminye yemizamo yakhe yokufinyelela kubantu nge-biotech nokuthi uthole imali yocwaningo enkampanini encane ye-biotech. UKloor uthathe isinqumo ngomlando ongagwegwesi ukubalula ngezimali zemboni kaDkt Folta ngokuphelele: “Ucwaningo lwakhe luxhaswe yizinhlangano zombuso nezikahulumeni.”

Ku-imeyili engezansi, uKloor unikeze uDkt Folta umhlahlandlela wokuthi uyibhalela kanjani uNye incwadi:

Cishe ngaleso sikhathi, iMonsanto nayo yayinxenxa uNye ukuthi ashintshe isikhundla sakhe kuma-GMO, ekugcineni waphumelela ukwenza. Mashi 2015 Washington Post indaba mayelana nokuguquka kukaNye kwasho ukuthi ukugxeka kukaNye amaGMO “kwacasula ososayensi abaningi,” kodwa kwaxhunyaniswa kuphela nencwadi kaDkt Folta kubhulogi likaKloor.

Thola: "Akuyona inqubomgomo yethu yokwazisa imithombo"

Ama-imeyili avela ngo-Agasti 2014 akhombisa uKloor enikeza iseluleko semiyalezo kuDkt Folta kanye nomunye umthombo, uDkt Karl Haro von Mogel, umqondisi wezindaba Iqembu lephromoshini le-GMO iBiofortified. UKloor ubacele ukuba bahlaziye udaba lukaCarole Bartolotto, udokotela wezokudla obebhale ngokugxeka ngama-GMO. Ama-imeyili akhombisa lokho UKloor ukuhlelile ukuphawula nezindlela eziphakanyisiwe zokuqinisa imiyalezo: “Iseluleko sami: gcina ulimi lungathathi hlangothi futhi lungahluleli ngangokunokwenzeka. Ubheke abantu abahlala kocingo, abangahle bavinjwe ulimi olukhulunywa kabi. ”

UKloor uthumele ukugxekwa kweBartolotto kweyakhe Discover blog futhi wachaza uDkt. Folta no-von Mogel "njengososayensi ababili abangalutholi uxhaso embonini ye-biotech." Ama-imeyili kamuva aveze ukuthi, emasontweni ambalwa ngaphambili, iMonsanto yayinayo uvumile ukuxhasa ezikaDkt. Folta imizamo yokukhangisa yama-GMO; futhi, ehlobo eledlule, uDkt Folta wahlela ukuvakashela eHawaii eyonxenxa imingcele yokubulala izibulala-zinambuzane ohambweni ihlelwe futhi ikhokhelwa yiqembu lokuhweba lomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane (UDkt von Mogel naye wayefakiwe kulawo ma-imeyili). I-athikili kaKloor isavela ku- Discover iwebhusayithi ngaphandle kokuvuselelwa noma ukulungiswa.

Okwe-2017 Isihloko sokubhalwa kukaHuffington, kubuza intatheli uPaul Thacker Discover umhleli wephephabhuku u-Becky Lang ukuze aphawule ngama-imeyili eBartolotto. ULang unqabile ukuphawula ngokuningiliziwe, kodwa wathi: “Impela, akusiyo inqubomgomo yethu manje, futhi akukaze kube njalo, ukugqugquzela imithombo ukuthi ibhale ukugxeka, ukuhlela ukugxeka, bese ikwenza njengokuzimela. Futhi akuyona inqubomgomo yethu ukuthi imithombo yosizo izame ukufihla ubudlelwane bayo bemboni. ” (EzikaKloor Discover I-blog yaphela ngo- yaphela ngo-Ephreli 2015.)

UJon Entine, uxhumano lweProjekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project  

Imibhalo emikhulu kaKloor evikela imboni yezolimo ingabukwa kuwebhusayithi ye I-Genetic Literacy Project, iwebhusayithi yokwazisa yomkhakha wezolimo lokho izindatshana eziningi ebhalwe nguKloor noma ecaphuna umsebenzi wakhe. IGenetic Literacy Project ilawulwa nguJon Entine, osebenza isikhathi eside PR okhuthaza futhi avikele izintshisekelo zemboni yamakhemikhali. U-Entine unguthishanhloko we-PR firm ESG MediaMetrics, amaklayenti akhe afaka iMonsanto. AbakwaKloor no-Entine basebenzisa imiyalezo efanayo futhi babeke izingqinamba ngezindlela ezifanayo, futhi babonakala benobudlelwano obusondelene, ngokusho kwama-imeyili.

Nge-imeyili kaJulayi 2013 eya eqenjini lokwamukela izimboni zezibulala-zinambuzane, u-Entine uchaze uKloor njenge “umngani wami omuhle kakhulu”Ngubani ongasiza ekuthengiseni umhlangano nomunye Discover blogger ukubhala ngemisebenzi yezimboni yezolimo eHawaii. Enye i-imeyili ikhombisa i-Entine exhuma iKloor noRebecca Goldin eGeorge Mason University ukuxoxa "ngokuhlukunyezwa kwe-FOIA." UGoldin usebenza nowayengumqashi we-Entine i-STATS, iqembu lezintatheli elizichaze njengeumkhankaso we-disinformation”Lokho isebenzisa amaqhinga kagwayi kuya kwakha ukungabaza ngengozi yamakhemikhali.

Kwenye i-imeyili evela ngo-Okthoba 2014, uKloor wayeyintatheli kuphela owayefakwe kwi-imeyili exwayisa inkampani yakwaKetchum yezobudlelwano bomphakathi mayelana ukusebenza okungenzeka kube nokugenca kumawebhusayithi ezinkampani yiqembu elingaziwa. I-imeyili ithunyelwe ngu- U-Adrianne Massey, umphathi omkhulu weBiotechnology Industry Association (BIO), eqenjini lababambisene nabo embonini, kufaka phakathi i-Entine.

“Angazi nakancane ukuthi hlobo luni lokuhlaselwa. Izinhlangano ezizimele kungenzeka kube yizo kuphela ezihlose ukuzenza, kepha angifuni ukuthi kulimale noma ngubani kini onibona njengabalingani bezimboni, ”kubhala uMassey.

U-Kloor ungenile ku-imeyili ngu UDkt. Channapatna Prakash, ummeli nomphathi weGMO eTuskegee University. Okunye okufakwe ku-imeyili kwakunguJay Byrne (owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto), I-Val Giddings (owayeyisekela likamongameli wenhlangano yezohwebo ye-biotech), UKarl Haro von Mogel (umqondisi wezindaba we Kwenziwe kabusha), UBruce Chassy noDavid Tribe (ababambisene nabo Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo zeqembu eliphambili leMonsanto), kanye nabanye ababambisene nomkhakha abalulekile abakhuthaza ama-GMO baphinde bagqugquzele ukwehliswa kwemithetho UKevin Folta, Henry Miller, UDrew Kershen, UKlaus AmmannUPiet van der Meer futhi UMartina Newell-McGloughlin.

Abasizi bemboni bavame ukuthuthukisa umsebenzi kaKloor; bona ama-tweets ngo URobb Fraley waseMonsantoUJon Entine, Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project kanye nemboni yezolimo iqembu lokuhweba i-CBI.

Ukufunda okuqhubekayo:

I-AgBioChatter: Lapho Izinkampani, Isu Elihleliwe Lezemfundo kuma-GMO, Izibulala-zinambuzane

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

I-AgBioChatter iyi-server yangasese ye-imeyili esetshenziswa yimboni yezolimo kanye nabalingani bayo ukuxhumanisa imisebenzi yokuthumela imiyalezo nokunxenxa. Amalungu ohlu afaka izifundiswa ezixhasa umkhakha wezimboni, abasebenza embonini ephezulu yezolimo kanye nabasebenzisana nomphakathi.

Lokhu idokhumenti yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ikhomba i- “Academics (AgBioChatter)” “njengozakwethu bezimboni” kuTier 2 ezinhlelweni zobudlelwano bomphakathi noMonsanto zokudicilela phansi isithunzi seWorld Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ukuze kuvikelwe isithunzi seRoundup weedkiller. Ngo-Mashi 2015, i-IARC yahlulela i-glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko ku-Roundup, ukuthi ibe mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic kubantu.

Izifundiswa eziningana ze-AgBioChatter nazo zidlala indima ebalulekile kwamanye amaqembu "ophathina bezimboni" aqanjwe ohlelweni lukaMonsanto lwe-PR lokuhlambalaza umbiko we-IARC we-carcinogenicity, kufaka phakathi Izimpendulo ze-GMO, Ukuhlukaniswa, Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa futhi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi.

Ingemuva: IMonsanto Ithembele Kulaba "Ozakwethu" Ukuhlasela Ososayensi Abaphezulu Bomdlavuza

Ama-imeyili we-AgBioChatter axhunywe ngezansi - kanye neminye imibhalo etholakele ngu-US Ilungelo Lokwazi futhi manje isingathwe endaweni Ingobo yomlando Yemibhalo Yezimboni ze-UCSF - nikeza izibonelo eziningi zokuthi amaqembu ezifundiswa nezimboni asebenzisana kanjani ngezindlela ezicashile zokududula imiyalezo ehambisanayo nomkhakha kuzingxenyekazi ezahlukahlukene ukukhiqiza ukungabaza ngezingozi zezempilo nezemvelo zemithi yokubulala izinambuzane nama-GMO.

Izitolo zabezindaba emhlabeni jikelele babike ngalokhu kusebenzisana ekusithekeni ukukhuthaza imibono yezimboni ngesayensi nokuphikisana nemithethonqubo.

Imizamo ye-US Right to Know yokwenza izinto obala

I-US Right to Know ithole ama-imeyili we-AgBioChatter ngo-2016 nango-2017 ngesicelo samarekhodi womphakathi. NgoJulayi 2017, i-US Right to Know wamangalela iNyuvesi yaseFlorida ngokwehluleka kwayo ukukhipha amarekhodi omphakathi aceliwe afaka imboni yezolimo kanye noprofesa abaxhaswe umphakathi, kufaka phakathi imibhalo evela esithangamini se-AgBioChatter.

NgoMashi 2018, ijaji laseFlorida lalichitha leli cala, lathi ama-imeyili e-AgBioChatter “ayeyizinto zomuntu siqu ezazivela kubantu bakaKevin Folta kuphela” hhayi ibhizinisi lasenyuvesi lomphakathi. Ngemininingwane engaphezulu, bheka i- imibhalo yenkantolo.

Ukusabalala okuhlobene nabezindaba

  • Inkululeko Yokweseka I-Press, "Yeka ukuthi izinkampani zikucindezela kanjani ukudalulwa kwamarekhodi omphakathi mayelana nazo," nguCamille Fassett (2/27/18)
  • I-New York Times, “I-Food Industry Yabhalisa Izifundiswa ku-GMO labeling war, Emails Show,” ebhalwe ngu-Eric Lipton; futhi ingobo yomlando ye-imeyili, "UProfesa waseFlorida usebenza nemboni ye-Biotech" (9/5/2015)
  • I-Alternet, “Ngabe kukhona okushaya amanzi okwenzekayo phakathi kweYunivesithi yaseFlorida nemboni yezolimo? Abathengi banelungelo lokwazi, ”nguDaniel Ross, i-Alternet (2/13/18)

Okuqukethwe kohlu lwe-AgBioChatter

The Ama-imeyili we-AgBioChatter atholakele ngokusebenzisa izicelo zomlando wamarekhodi womphakathi (amakhasi ayi-142) abonisa izifundiswa nabasebenzi bemboni yezolimo abaxhumanisa amaphuzu okukhuluma ukuze baphikise ukufakwa kwelebizo le-GMO, bakhuthaze futhi bavikele ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, bagxeke imboni, futhi bagweme izicelo zoMthetho weNkululeko Yolwazi ngemininingwane ephathelene noprofesa abakhokhelwa nguhulumeni.

Ingqikithi enkulu yama-imeyili (futhi ikakhulukazi indima yelungu lohlu uJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto) kwakuwukuhlonza abagxeka imboni yezolimo namathuba okubahlasela. Lapha kubalwa uMehmet Oz, uVandana Shiva, uDon Huber, i-Consumers Union nabanye.

Enye indikimba ebalulekile kuma-imeyili e-AgBioChatter yimizamo yokuhlela izifundo zesayensi eziphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngobungozi bama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane ngokuthi "ziqhutshwa yi-ajenda," kanti izifundo ezibika kahle ngemikhiqizo yezimboni yezolimo "ziyi-pro science."

Ezemfundo, ukusebenzisana kwezimboni 

Ngokwama-imeyili atholakele kuze kube manje ngezicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi, izifundiswa, abasebenzi bemboni yezolimo, abeluleki kanye nezinkampani ze-PR babambe iqhaza ohlwini lwama- "Chatter".

Abahlanganyeli abaziwayo babhalwe ngezansi kanye nezibopho zabo kokunye "Amaqembu abalingani bezimboni" iqanjwe ohlelweni lwe-PR lukaMonsanto ukuze hlela ukukhala ngokumelene nephaneli yomdlavuza we-IARC. Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngala maqembu, bheka amaphepha ethu eqiniso:

Futhi okuphawulwe ngezansi yizibopho eziya ku- Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu langaphambili elithola imali yenkampani ukuze ukukhuthaza imibono yezimboni ngesayensi futhi bahlasele abagxeki.

Izixhumanisi ezigcinwe kulondolozo lwe-Genetic Literacy Project zinikeza umuzwa wokuthumela imiyalezo evamile, ephindaphindwayo la maqembu angaphambili kanye nezifundiswa zisebenzisa ukukhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, zama ukudicilela phansi abagxeki, ukuphikisana nokwesulwa kanye nokuphikisana nemizamo yokwenza izinto obala.

Amalungu ohlu lwe-AgBioChatter 

Ama-imeyili atholwe ngezicelo zamarekhodi womphakathi akhombisa ukuthi laba bantu abalandelayo babeku-listerver ye-AgBioChatter njengezinsuku ezikuma-imeyili.

Andrew Apel, imboni yezolimo umxhumanisi nomhleli wangaphambili yencwajana yomkhakha webhayoloji i-AgBiotech Reporter

UGraham Brooks, Isazi Sezomnotho Wezolimo, i-PG Economics Ltd, e-UK

UJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto; umongameli we v-Fluence Interactive inkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi

UBruce Chassy, ​​PhD, USolwazi Emeritus Wezokuphepha Kokudla kanye neSayensi Yezomsoco, iYunivesithi yase-Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign

UJon Entine, umqondisi we-Genetic Literacy Project, uMonsanto “ongumlingani wemboni”

UKevin Folta, PhD, USolwazi noSihlalo, uMnyango Wezesayensi Yezolimo, iYunivesithi yaseFlorida

I-Val Giddings, i-PhD, umxhumanisi wemboni, owayengu-VP wenhlangano yezohwebo ye-BIO

  • Umuntu omkhulu kwa-Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (exhaswe ngamaqembu emikhakha yezemithi, engenazintambo kanye neyezolimo)
  • Usizile ukusetha ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo njenge iqembu eliphambili leMonsanto
  • Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project archives

U-Andy Hedgecock, UDuPont Pioneer owayengumqondisi wezindaba zesayensi

UDrew Kershen, PhD, U-Emeritus Professor, University of Oklahoma, College of Law

UMarcel Kuntz, PhD, umqondisi wocwaningo kwa-CNRS, Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire Végétale, Grenoble, France 

  • Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project archives 

UChris Leaver, PhD, U-Emeritus Professor of Plant Science, eNyuvesi yase-Oxford

Adrienne Massey, PhD, IBiotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO), umphathi ophethe izindaba zesayensi nezomthetho

URobert McGregor, Umhlaziyi Wezinqubomgomo, IPrince Edward Island, eCanada

Alan McHughen, PhD, ENyuvesi yaseCalifornia Riverside

UHenry Miller, MD, esikanye naye eHoover Institution, ihhovisi langaphambili le-FDA le-biotechnology

UVivian Moses, PhD, Isifo Sikashukela Nezempilo, eKing's College London

UPiero Morandini, PhD, umsizi wocwaningo, ENyuvesi yaseMilan

UWayne Parrott, PhD, UProfesa, Ukutshala Ukutshala kanye Nofuzo, University of Georgia

CS Prakash, PhD, UProfesa, i-Plant Genetics, i-Genomics ne-Biotechnology College yeSayensi yezoLimo, ezeMvelo kanye neNutrition, eTuskegee University

UCami Ryan, PhD, IMonsanto, ukuhola kwesayensi yezenhlalo, inqubomgomo yokulawula kanye nezindaba zesayensi eCanada

U-Eric Sachs, PhD, I-Monsanto, ezemvelo, ezenhlalo nezomnotho zihola phambili

U-Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, I-Animal Genetics ne-Biotechnology Cooperative Extension Specialist, iYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eDavis

UKarl Haro von Mogel, PhD, Umqondisi we-Biofortified wesayensi nabezindaba   

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngokutholwe yi-US Right to Know nokusakazwa kwabezindaba mayelana nokusebenzisana phakathi kwamaqembu ezimboni nezifundiswa ezindabeni zokudla, bheka ikhasi lethu lokuphenya. Imibhalo yase-US Right to Know iyatholakala ku- Umtapo Wezincwadi Wezimboni Zamakhemikhali isingathwe yiYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eSan Francisco.

UDrew Kershen: I-Agrichemical Industry Front Group Ringleader

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UDrew Kershen, uprofesa osaziwayo e-University of Oklahoma College of Law, ungumngane osondelene nomkhakha wezolimo. Uyaphikisana ukuhlukunyezwa zezitshalo nezilwane ezenziwe ngobunjiniyela kanye ngokumelene nokusobala. UKershen ubambe iqhaza elibalulekile emizamweni yokukhangisa exhaswa ngezimali embonini kanye namaqembu angaphambili alwela izintshisekelo zemboni. UKershen akayivezi imithombo yezimali.

Isibopho semboni yezolimo nobuholi beqembu langaphambili

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project / Science Literacy Project

UKershen uyi ilungu lebhodi yeGenetic Literacy Project, iqembu eliphambili elibambisana neMonsanto ukwenza ubudlelwano bomphakathi ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, futhi hhayi ukudalula ngokunembile ukuxhaswa kwayo. Imibhalo iveze ukuthi i-Genetic Literacy Project:

UKershen futhi uyilungu lebhodi le- Iphrojekthi Yezesayensi Yokufunda, i-501 (c) (3) inhlangano yabazali ye-Genetic Literacy Project. Zombili ziqondiswa ngu UJon Entine, umlingani wesikhathi eside we-PR wemboni yamakhemikhali.

Ngokuvumelana ne Amarekhodi wentela ka-2015, UJon Entine kanye ne-Science Literacy Project bathathe izintambo zokulawula iStatistical Assessment Service (STATS), iqembu ebelikade lisebenzisana neCentre for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA) kanye Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project. Ukusebenza kwe-STATS kufakwe ku-Sense About Science USA, okuyi wabelana ngekheli elifanayo lerekhodi ngeProjekthi YeSayensi Yokufunda Nokubhala.

Abasunguli be-STATS, i-CMPA kanye ne-Sense About Science benze ubudlelwano bomphakathi basebenzela imboni kagwayi futhi la maqembu awawona amajaji azimele wesayensi, ngokusho kwe-2016 uphenyo kuThe Intercept.

Ngeminye imininingwane, bheka ama-USRTK emashidi eqiniso UJon Entine kanye neProjekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo futhi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi / IZITATIMENDE.

UNobhala Wezifundo Zokubuyekeza Iqembu Langaphambili

UKershen wayengunobhala webhodi labaqondisi be-Academics Review, ngokusho kwalo Amarekhodi wentela ka-2016. Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo bathi kwakuyiqembu elizimele, kodwa imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know wembule ukuthi kwakuyiqembu langaphambili kusethwe ngosizo lweMonsanto ukuhlasela abagxeki bemboni yezolimo ngenkathi bebonakala bezimele.

UKershen wayengu- umbuyekezi ngombiko wango-2014 we-Academics Review owazama ukudicilela phansi imboni yezinto eziphilayo; i isitatimende sephephandaba ngombiko wathi kwakuwumsebenzi wezifundiswa ezizimele ngaphandle kokuphikisana kwezintshisekelo.

Amarekhodi entela akhombisa ukuthi umxhasi oyinhloko we-Academics Review kwakuyi-Council for Biotechnology Information, inhlangano engenzi nzuzo exhaswa futhi ephethwe yi-BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont, Monsanto neSyngenta. I-CBI inikeze isamba esingu- $ 600,000 ku-Academics Review ku 2014 futhi 2015-2016.

Kungani iForbes Isuse Ezinye Izindatshana ZaseKershen

IKershen babhala ngokuhlanganyela izindatshana eziningana ezisuswe yiForbes neProjusa Syndicate ngemuva kombhali wakhe, UHenry Miller, wabanjwa usebenzisa ikholomu ebhalwe ghost ngu-Monsanto njengomsebenzi wakhe eForbes. I- New York Times wembula ihlazo lokubhala ngezipoki ngo-2017.

UKershen noMiller nabo babhalele ndawonye izindatshana ze- Slate, Buyekeza National, lo Isikhungo seHoover futhi Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (imboni exhaswa ngemali iqembu langaphambili) bephikisana nokufakwa amalebula nokulawulwa kokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, ukuhlasela abagxeki bezimboni, nokubanga ukuthi "abampofu emhlabeni bahlupheka futhi bafa ngokungadingekile" ngenxa "yomthetho ongenazidingo ofunwa yizishoshovu."

Izimpendulo ze-GMO

UKershen uyi “Uchwepheshe wenxusa” Izimpendulo ze-GMO, a ukumaketha kanye newebhusayithi ye-PR ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okuyi uxhaswe yizinkampani ezinkulu zezolimo nge-Council for Biotechnology Information, futhi ephethwe yi inkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi uKetchum.

Ungenele Ekubambeni Ngokusobala Icala Lokuvimbela Ukudalulwa Komphakathi

Imibhalo eminingana ebikwe kuleli qiniso, eveze obudlelwano obungadalulwanga phakathi kwezinhlangano namaqembu angaphambili, yaqala ukutholwa ngezicelo zeFreedom of Information ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi. UKershen ungenelele ezinkantolo ezama ukumisa ukudalulwa okuqhubekayo, njengeFreedom of the Press Foundation kubika ngoFebhuwari 2018.

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngamaqembu angaphambili embonini yezokudla, bheka i- Ikhasi lokuphenya le-USRTK.

Umbiko Omfishane Wezintatheli Kukhulunywe Ngawo Ezicelweni Zethu ze-FOIA

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Futhi ubone: Ukubhabha kwi-Food Beat: Kunini lapho kungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo?  
Umbhali Wekholomu Wokudla waseWashington Post Uya eBat yeMonsanto 

NgoSepthemba 23, Washington Post umlobeli wezokudla UTamar Haspel wamukelwa ukuthi uthole "inala" yemali evela emithonjeni yezimboni ezixhasa ezolimo.

Ngemuva kokungeniswa kwakhe, ngicabange ukuthi kungaba wusizo ukubika ngezintatheli - kubandakanya uHaspel - okukhulunywe ngazo kumadokhumenti esiwatholile asuka kuzicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi.

I-US Right to Know iqhuba i- uphenyo lwezimboni zokudla nezolimo, amafemu abo e-PR namaqembu angaphambili, kanye nosolwazi ababakhulumelayo.

Kuze kube manje, izintatheli ezintathu ziza ngezindlela ezithokozisayo: U-Amy Harmon, uKeith Kloor noTamar Haspel. Lezi zintatheli zivela kumongo we UJon Entine, ngubani mhlawumbe oholayo Ukusebenza kwe-PR ukusebenzela ukuthuthukisa imibono yemboni yezolimo, nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane kanye nama-GMO.

U-Entine ungumsunguli futhi umphathi omkhulu we-Genetic Literacy Project, okuyi, kanye ne I-PR iqinile UKetchumka- Izimpendulo ze-GMO, amaqembu emboni yezolimo abonakala kakhulu ngaphambili. U-Entine futhi ungumsunguli nomongameli wenkampani ye-PR i-ESG MediaMetrics, okuyi- amaklayenti afake i-agronhemical giant Monsanto.

U-Amy Harmon

U-Amy Harmon yintatheli ye- New York Times. Wayeyingxenye ye- Times iqembu elanqoba umklomelo wePulitzer ngo-2001, kwathi ngo-2008 lawina Pulitzer ngokubika okuchazayo.

NgoSepthemba 23, 2013 ngo-7: 44 pm, UJon Entine uthumele i-imeyili uRenee Kester: “FYI, ngicabanga ukuthi ngikhulume no-Amy Harmon ukuthi enze indaba yaseHawaii eHawaii. . . futhi ngimnikeze imininingwane yakho ye-imeyili kanye neyakwaKirby, ngakho-ke angashayela ngesikhathi esithile uma ekulandela ngempela lokhu. ” UKirby Kester unjalo umongameli we-Hawaii Crop Improvement Association, iqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo.

NgoJanuwari 4, 2014, the New York Times ushicilele udaba olusekuqaleni kwekhasi luka-Amy Harmon, olunesihloko esithi “Ukufuna amaLonely Amaqiniso Kuzilimo Eziguqulwe Ngokofuzo. ” Indaba isuselwe eKona, eHawaii.

Ngo-2014, uHarmon wawina indawo yesibili yeNhlangano Yezintatheli Zezemvelo “Umklomelo kaKevin Carmody Wokubika Okujulile Ovelele, Imakethe Enkulu”Kokuthi“Amaqiniso Ngama-GMO, ”Uchungechunge olwalunendatshana ethi“Ukufuna amaLonely Amaqiniso Kuzilimo Eziguqulwe Ngokofuzo. "

On September 30th, UHarmon uhlelelwe ukukhuluma kuya ICornell Alliance yeSayensi, a iqembu elixhaswe yiBill and Melinda Gates Foundation ukukhuthaza ama-GMO. Iqembu kufaka isikhalazo ngokumelene ne-US Right to Know's Umthetho Wenkululeko Yolwazi (FOIA) izicelo.

UKeith Kloor

UKeith Kloor yintatheli ezimele ebhalele yena Nature, Isayensi Insider, Discover, Slate nezinye izitolo. UKloor ubhale ama-athikili amaningi we-pro-GMO abelokhu ekhona evezwe yiJon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project.

UKloor kukhulunywa ngaye ezindaweni ezimbili emibhalweni ye-FOIA.

Ku-imeyili eyodwa, uJon Entine ubhekisa kuKeith Kloor njengo “umngani wami omuhle kakhulu".

Kwenye i-imeyili, ngo-Okthoba 18, 2014, uDkt. Channapatna Prakash, ummeli nomphathi weGMO eTuskegee University, Ama-imeyili U-Adrianne Massey we-Biotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO), kanye nabanye abaningana, ukudlulisa isexwayiso esivela ku- ULorraine Thelian, iphini likasihlalo wenkampani ye-PR iKetchum ukuthi "umphakathi we-hacker Anonymous uhlela uchungechunge lokuhlaselwa kuma-biotechnology kanye namawebhusayithi wemboni yokudla… Inhlangano yabasebenzi kanye namawebhusayithi ezinkampani e-CBI [Council for Biotechnology Information] amalungu abhekiswe kulokhu kuhlasela okuhleliwe." UDkt. Prakash uyabhala, "U-Adrianne ngikopishe uKevin Folta, uKarl von Mogel, uDavid Tribe noKeith Kloor nalapha. "

UDkt Prakash uthumele i-imeyili kuJay Byrne (owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto), UJon Entine, uBruce Chassy (imboni yezolimo khuthazaI-Val Giddings (i-VP yangaphambili ye-BIO), UHenry Miller (ummeli wemboni yezolimo), UDrew Kershen (ummeli wemboni yezolimo, UKlaus Ammann, UPiet van der Meer, UMartina Newell-McGloughlin (ummeli wemboni yezolimo), UKarl Haro von Mogel (ilungu lebhodi labaqondisi le- IBiology Iqinisiwe, iwebhusayithi ye-pro-GMO), uKevin Folta (kwezolimo ummeli wemboni), UKeith Kloor noDavid Tribe (ummeli wemboni yezolimo).

UKeith Kloor uyena kuphela intatheli owathola le imeyili.

I-imeyili isho ukuthi iKloor isebenza ngokubambisana nabameli abaziwayo bemboni yezolimo.

UKloor ubhale izindatshana ezintathu ebezigxeka izicelo zeFOIA zase-US Right to Know Isayensi Insider, Discover futhi Nature.

NgoMashi 23, 2015, UKloor wethule inkulumo yeCornell Alliance for Science, ephethe i- Isikhalazo ngokumelene ne-US Right to Know's FOIA.

UTamar Haspel

UTamar Haspel uyi umlobi wekholamu ku- Washington Post. Ubhale amakholomu amaningi we Thumela ukuvikela noma ukuncoma ama-GMO akade aba khona evezwe yiJon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project.

Ngo-2015, iHaspel uzuze umklomelo weJames Beard Foundation okwakhe Thumela amakholomu.

NgoJuni 2014, iHaspel Wakhuluma engqungqutheleni esekela umkhakha mayelana "Ososayensi bangayingenela kanjani kangcono impikiswano ye-GMO nomphakathi ongabazayo? ” Ingqungquthela ibihlelwe nguJon Entine noCami Ryan, okumanje usekhona isayensi yezenhlalo iholela iMonsanto. Ingqungquthela yayiholwa amaqembu amabili aphambili embonini yezolimo, i Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, kanye neYunivesithi yaseFlorida, ethola uxhaso olukhulu ezinkampanini zezolimo, njengoba kuphawulwe ngoSepthemba 6 esihlokweni ku New York Times.

IHaspel iphinde yamodela a iphaneli ihlelwe by Isikhungo saseNorth Carolina Biotechnology, "enikeza izinzuzo zesikhathi eside kwezomnotho nakwezenhlalo eNyakatho Carolina ngokusekela ucwaningo lwe-biotechnology, ibhizinisi, ezemfundo kanye nenqubomgomo yamasu ezweni lonke."

Engxoxweni kaSepthemba 23 ebanjwe yi- Washington Post, ephendula umbuzo wokuthi uyayithola yini imali emithonjeni yezimboni, uNkk Haspel ubhale ukuthi, “Ngikhuluma futhi ngilinganisa amaphaneli nezimpikiswano kaningi, futhi kungumsebenzi engikhokhelwa wona. ” Kamuva ngalolo suku, ngabuza uNkk. Haspel ku-Twitter ukuthi uthole malini embonini yezolimo nakumaqembu ayo angaphambili. Uphendule wathi, “Njengoba noma yiliphi iqembu elikholelwa ukuthi i-biotech linokuthile elikunikezayo 'yiqembu langaphambili,' inala!"

Ingabe kufanelekile kufayela le- Washington Post Umlobi wekholamu ukubhala amakholomu akhanyayo ngama-GMO ngenkathi evela ezingqungqutheleni ezifana nalezi zomkhakha? Ngabe kungukushayisana kwezintshisakalo kuHaspel ukwamukela imali ezithakazelweni zenkampani yezolimo ayihlanganisa njengengxenye yesigqi sakhe njenge Thumela umlobeli wezokudla? Uthole malini uHaspel kusuka kuzintshisekelo zomkhakha wezolimo?

Ezinye izintatheli zigxeke izintatheli “ngokwenza ibhakede” kumasekhethi ezikhulumi. Isibonelo, yangaphambili Washington Post Umhleli Ophethe Kusho uBen Bradlee, “Ngifisa sengathi kungaphela. Angiyithandi. Ngicabanga ukuthi kuyonakalisa. Uma i-Insurance Institute of America, uma kukhona into enjalo, ikukhokhela u- $ 10,000 ukwenza inkulumo, ungangitsheli ukuthi awonakaliswanga. Ungasho ukuthi awunayo futhi ungasho ukuthi uzohlasela nezinkinga zomshuwalense ngendlela efanayo, kodwa ngeke. Awukwazi. ”

UHaspel wabhala ku Washington Post ukuthi uzokhuluma kuphela emicimbini lapho “uma izinkampani ezenza inzuzo zibandakanyeka kulo mcimbi (okuyiyona ejwayelekile), azikwazi ukuba yizwi kuphela. Ngakho-ke, ngizokhuluma engqungqutheleni ebixhaswe yiMonsanto kanye ne-USDA ne-NC State University, kodwa hhayi umcimbi oxhaswe yiMonsanto kuphela. ” Kodwa-ke, engqungqutheleni kaJuni 2014, lapho uHaspel akhuluma khona, abekho abameli babathengi ababehlelelwe ukuthi bakhulume, kuphela abameli bezimboni.

On Ngo-Okthoba 16, uHaspel uhlelelwe ukukhuluma kuya ICornell Alliance yeSayensi, iqembu le-pro-GMO lelo ukusingatha isikhalazo ngokumelene ne-US Right to Know's FOIA.

UHaspel ubelokhu egxeka izicelo ze-US Right to Know FOIA. Ngo-Agasti 17, kuTwitter, wabhala: “Imali / isikhathi / amandla okuchithwa kumoshelwe ku-garyruskin's attack-spirited, and self-interested attack on @kevinfolta! Ngabe singadlulela kokunye okuwusizo?”Abanye abavumelananga nesinqumo sakhe sezindaba. NgoSepthemba 6th, u-Eric Lipton owaphumelela kabili umklomelo wePulitzer ubhale i-athikili ikakhulu esekwe kwizicelo zethu ze-FOIA - ikakhulukazi uProfesa Kevin Folta wase-University of Florida - obesekhasini lokuqala leSonto New York Times. Lo mbhalo uveze ukuthi uFolta, owenqabe kaningi ubudlelwane noMonsanto, empeleni wayethole isibonelelo esingadalulwanga esingu- $ 25,000, kanye nezabelo zokubhala ezivela enkampanini, futhi wasebenza eduze nayo kanye nenkampani yayo ye-PR uKetchum, eyayibhalela yena imibhalo futhi yahlela nabezindaba nokumnxenxela ukuba abe nemihlangano.

I-US Right to Know iyiqembu elimele abathengi. Sizama ukuveza lokho imboni yokudla engafuni sazi. Sikholelwa ukuthi kuwusizo emphakathini ukubona ukuthi izinkampani zokudla nezolimo zenza kanjani ubudlelwano bazo nomphakathi busebenza. Leyo ngenye indlela esingasiza ngayo abathengi ukuthi bahlole izimangalo nolwazi abalutholayo ezinkampanini ezibandakanyeka ekukhiqizweni kwethu kokudla, amafemu abo e-PR kanye nabasebenza nabo, kanye nezintatheli ezisebenza nabo.