ICornell Alliance for Science ngumkhankaso we-PR woMkhakha wezoLimo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ngaphandle kwegama layo elizwakala njengezifundo nokusebenzisana nesikhungo se-Ivy League, i- ICornell Alliance yeSayensi (I-CAS) ngumkhankaso wezobudlelwano nomphakathi oxhaswe yiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation oqeqesha abanye abantu emhlabeni jikelele ukukhuthaza nokuvikela izitshalo kanye nezolimo ezikhiqizwa izakhi zofuzo emazweni akubo. Izazi eziningi, ochwepheshe bezinqubomgomo zokudla, amaqembu okudla kanye nawokulima baye babiza imiyalezo enganembile namasu akhohlisayo abangane be-CAS abasebenzise ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ukukhathazeka mayelana nezinye izindlela kwezolimo zezimboni.

NgoSepthemba, i-CAS kumemezela $ 10 million ngemali entsha evela eGates Foundation, okuletha inani eliphelele lamaGates uxhaso ku- $ 22 million kusukela ngo-2014. Imali entsha iza njengoba iGates Foundation injalo sibhekene nokuhlehliswa yizolimo zase-Afrika, amaqembu okholo kanye nezenkolo ngokuchitha izigidigidi zamaRandi ezinhlelweni zokuthuthukisa ezolimo e-Afrika lokho imibukiso yobufakazi yehluleka ukuqeda indlala noma ukuphakamisa abalimi abancane, njengoba zigxila ezindleleni zokulima ezizuzisa izinkampani ngaphezu kwabantu. 

Leli phepha libhala izibonelo eziningi zemininingwane engeyona evela ku-CAS nabantu abaxhumene neqembu. Izibonelo ezichazwe lapha zinikeza ubufakazi bokuthi i-CAS isebenzisa igama likaCornell, idumela negunya lakhe ukuqhubekisela phambili i-PR kanye ne-ajenda yezepolitiki yezinkampani ezinkulu zamakhemikhali nembewu emhlabeni.

Imishini ehambelana nezimboni nemiyalezo

I-CAS yethulwa ngo-2014 ngesibonelelo sika- $ 5.6 million seGates Foundation futhi ithembisa ukuthi “dicilela phansi ”impikiswano cishe ama-GMO. Iqembu kusho umsebenzi wayo “ukukhuthaza ukufinyelela” ezitshalweni nasekudleni kwe-GMO ngokuqeqesha “ababambisene nesayensi” emhlabeni jikelele ukufundisa imiphakathi yabo ngezinzuzo ze-biotechnology yezolimo.

Iqembu lomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane likhuthaza i-CAS 

Ingxenye esemqoka yecebo le-CAS ukuqasha nokuqeqesha Abaholi Bomhlaba Wonke Bobuholi kuzindlela zokuxhumana nezokukhuthaza, kugxilwe ezifundeni lapho kunokuphikisana nomphakathi embonini ye-biotech, ikakhulukazi amazwe ase-Afrika amelane nezitshalo ze-GMO.

Umsebenzi we-CAS ufana ngendlela emangalisayo uMkhandlu Wezokwaziswa Kwe-Biotechnology (I-CBI), umkhakha wemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane oxhase uhlelo lobudlelwano bomphakathi olunayo ihlangene neCAS. Iqembu lezimboni lisebenzele ukwakha imifelandawonye ngaphesheya kochungechunge lokudla futhi qeqesha abantu besithathu, ikakhulukazi izifundiswa nabalimi, ukunxenxa umphakathi ukuthi wamukele ama-GMO.

Imiyalezo ye-CAS ihambisana eduze nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane i-PR: ukugxila kwe-myopic ekutholeni izinzuzo ezikhona zesikhathi esizayo zokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo ngenkathi kudlalwa phansi, kunganakwa noma kuphikwa izingozi nezinkinga. Njengemizamo yezimboni ze-PR, i-CAS ibuye igxile kakhulu ekuhlaseleni nasekuzameni ukwehlisa isithunzi abagxeki bemikhiqizo yezolimo, kufaka phakathi ososayensi nezintatheli eziphakamisa ukukhathazeka kwezempilo noma kwemvelo.

Ukugxekwa okubanzi

I-CAS nababhali bayo bathole ukugxekwa kwizifundiswa, abalimi, abafundi, amaqembu omphakathi kanye nezinhlangano ezilawula ukudla abathi leli qembu lithuthukisa imiyalezo enganembile futhi edukisayo futhi lisebenzisa amaqhinga angalungile. Bona isibonelo:

Izibonelo zemiyalezo edukisayo

Ochwepheshe bezobunjiniyela, i-biology, i-agroecology nenqubomgomo yokudla babhale izibonelo eziningi zezimangalo ezingalungile ezenziwe nguMark Lynas, umuntu owayevakashele eCornell obhale inqwaba yama-athikili evikela imikhiqizo yezolimo ngegama le-CAS; bona ngokwesibonelo eyakhe izindatshana eziningi ezikhuthazwe yi-Genetic Literacy Project, iqembu le-PR lelo isebenza neMonsanto. Incwadi kaLynas ka-2018 ithi amazwe ase-Afrika amukele ama-GMO, futhi anikeze isahluko ekuvikeleni iMonsanto.

Izimangalo ezinganembile ngama-GMO

Ososayensi abaningi bagxeke uLynas ngokwenza kwabo izitatimende ezingamanga, “Ayinasayensi, ayinangqondo futhi ayinangqondo”Izimpikiswano, ukugqugquzela imfundiso phezu kwedatha nocwaningo kuma-GMO, ukuvuselela amaphuzu okukhuluma embonini, nokwenza izimangalo ezinganembile ngemithi yokubulala izinambuzane “bonisa ukungazi okujulile kwesayensi, noma umzamo osebenzayo wokwenza ukungabaza. ”

"Uhlu lwelondolo lokuthi uMark Lynas wenza iphutha ngani kuma-GMO kanye nesayensi lubanzi, futhi luye lwaphikiswa ngephuzu ngabathile bezazi zezolimo nezazi zezinto eziphilayo," kubhala u-Eric Holt-Giménez, umqondisi omkhulu weFood First, ngo-Ephreli 2013 (uLynas wajoyina uCornell njengomuntu owayevakashile kamuva ngalowo nyaka).  

“Akanabufakazi futhi akanalo iqiniso”

Amaqembu azinze e-Afrika agxeke uLynas isikhathi eside. I-Alliance for Food sobukhosi e-Afrika, umfelandawonye wamaqembu angaphezu kwama-40 okudla nawokulima e-Afrika yonkana uchaze uLynas njengo “ingcwethi yokundiza” “ukudelela abantu base-Afrika, isiko kanye namasiko akhe akungabazeki.” UMillion Belay, umqondisi we-AFSA, kuchaza uLynas njengomuntu "obandlulula ngokobuhlanga ophusha indaba yokuthi ezolimo zezimboni kuphela ezingasindisa i-Afrika."

Ekushicilelweni kwabezindaba kuka-2018, i-African Centre for Biodiversity eseNingizimu Afrika ichaze amaqhinga angekho emthethweni uLynas awasebenzisile ukukhuthaza i-ajenda ye-biotech lobby eTanzania. "Kunodaba olumayelana nokuziphendulela kanye nesidingo sokubusa iCornell Alliance for Science, ngenxa yolwazi okungelona iqiniso nokuthi bangamaqiniso aluhlaza cwe futhi abanalo iqiniso," kusho uMariam Mayet, umqondisi omkhulu we-African Centre for Biodiversity, uthe kwi Julayi 2020 webinar.

Ukuthola ukuhlaziywa okuningiliziwe komsebenzi kaLynas, bheka izindatshana ekugcineni kwalokhu okuthunyelwe nokwethu Ishidi lamaqiniso likaMark Lynas.

Ukuhlasela i-agroecology

Isibonelo sakamuva semiyalezo enganembile yindatshana ebhalwe kabanzi kwi-CAS iwebhusayithi nguLynas ethi, "agro-ecology isengozini yokulimaza abampofu." ?? Izifundiswa zichaze lo mbhalo ngokuthi “ukuchazwa kwedemagogic kanye nokungekhona kwesayensi kwephepha lesayensi, ""ayijulile kakhulu, ""imibono emsulwa ”kanye“ nehlazo kumuntu ofuna ukuzibiza ngokwesayensi, ”ukuhlaziywa okuyiphutha ngempela“?? lokho kwenza “ukwenziwa okwandile“?? futhi “iziphetho zasendle.”Abanye abagxeki kubizwe a ukuhoxa.

Isihloko se-2019 ngozakwabo we-CAS uNassib Mugwanya unikeza esinye isibonelo sokuqukethwe okudukisayo ngesihloko se-agroecology. I-athikili, "Kungani izindlela zendabuko zezolimo zingakwazi ukuguqula ezolimo zase-Afrika," ikhombisa indlela ejwayelekile yokuthumela imiyalezo ezintweni ze-CAS: ukwethula izitshalo ze-GMO njengesikhundla se- "pro-science" ngenkathi kudwetshwa “ezinye izindlela zokuthuthukisa ezolimo njenge 'anti-science, 'akunamhlabathi futhi kuyingozi, ” ngokuya ngokuhlaziya yiSeattle-based Community Alliance for Global Justice.

"Okuqapheleke kakhulu kule ndatshana ukusetshenziswa okunamandla kwezingathekiso (isb. I-agroecology efaniswa nozankosi), ukwenziwa kwezinto ezivamile, ukushiywa kolwazi kanye nokunye okungalungile okuyiqiniso," kusho leli qembu.

Kusetshenziswa ibhuku lokudlala leMonsanto ukuvikela ama-pesticides

Esinye isibonelo semiyalezo edukisayo ehambelana nomkhakha we-CAS singatholakala ekuvikeleni kweqembu i-Roundup-based Roundup. I-herbicides iyinto esemqoka yezitshalo ze-GMO nge Ummbila no-soy ongu-90% kutshalwe e-United States izakhi zofuzo ukubekezelela i-Roundup. Ngo-2015, ngemuva kokuthi iphaneli yocwaningo lomdlavuza le-World Health Organisation lathi i-glyphosate ingumdlavuza wabantu, iMonsanto yahlela ababambisene nabo ukuze "bahlele ukukhala" ngokumelene nephaneli elizimele lesayensi ukuze "livikele isithunzi" seRoundup, ngokusho kwe imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto.

Ibhuku lokudlala le-Monsanto PR: ukuhlasela ochwepheshe bomdlavuza 'njengezishoshovu'

UMark Lynas usebenzise i- Ipulatifomu ye-CAS ukukhulisa imiyalezo yeMonsanto, echaza umbiko womdlavuza ngokuthi "ukuzingelwa kwabathakathi" okwenziwe "izishoshovu ezilwa neMonsanto" "ezisebenzise kabi isayensi" futhi zenze "ukuphendukezelwa okusobala kwesayensi nobulungiswa bemvelo" ngokubika ingozi yomdlavuza ye-glyphosate. ULynas wasebenzisa okufanayo izimpikiswano ezinamaphutha nemithombo yomkhakha njengoMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo, a iqembu langaphambili iMonsanto likhokhelwe ukusiza ukuphotha umbiko womdlavuza.

Ngenkathi ethi usehlangothini lwesayensi, uLynas akabunaki ubufakazi obanele obuvela emibhalweni yeMonsanto, kubikwa kabanzi emaphephandabeni, lokho IMonsanto yaphazamisa nge ucwaningo lwesayensi, izinhlaka ezilawulayo ezilawulwayo futhi ngasebenzisa okunye amaqhinga anzima ukukhohlisa inqubo yesayensi ukuvikela i-Roundup. Ku-2018, ijaji lathola iMonsanto leyowenza ngobubi, ukucindezela noma ukukhwabanisa”Ekumbozeni ingozi yomdlavuza yeRoundup.

Ukunxenxa ama-pesticides nama-GMOs eHawaii

Yize ukugxila kwayo okuyinhloko kuyi-Afrika, i-CAS ibuye isize imizamo yomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane ukuvikela izibulala-zinambuzane nokujivaza abameli bezempilo yomphakathi eHawaii. Iziqhingi zaseHawaii ziyindawo yokuhlola ebalulekile yezitshalo ze-GMO futhi nendawo ebika ephezulu ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala izinambuzane futhi ukukhathazeka ngezinkinga zezempilo ezihlobene ne-pesticides, kufaka phakathi ukukhubazeka kokuzalwa, umdlavuza nesifuba somoya. Lezi zinkinga zaholela abahlali ukuhlela impi ezothatha iminyaka ukwedlulisa imithethonqubo eqinile yokwehlisa ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala izinambuzane nokwenza ngcono ukudalulwa kwamakhemikhali asetshenziswa emasimini ezolimo.

“Uqale ukuhlaselwa ngonya”

Njengoba le mizamo ithola ukubambeka, i-CAS ibambe iqhaza “emkhankasweni omkhulu wokungazwakali kwezobudlelwano bomphakathi obenzelwe ukuthulisa ukukhathazeka komphakathi” ngobungozi bezempilo bemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, ngokusho kukaFern Anuenue Holland, umgqugquzeli womphakathi weHawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. E-Cornell Daily Sun, UHolland uchaze ukuthi “ikhokhelwe kanjani iCornell Alliance for Science fellows - ngaphansi kokuqagela ubuchwepheshe besayensi - iqala kanjani ukuhlasela okunonya. Basebenzise izinkundla zokuxhumana futhi babhala inqwaba yama-blog begxeka amalungu omphakathi athintekile nabanye abaholi ababa nesibindi sokukhuluma. ”

UHolland uthe yena namanye amalungu enhlangano yakhe babulawa "ngokubulawa kwabalingiswa, ukumelwa kabi kanye nokuhlaselwa kokwethembeka komuntu siqu kanye nobungcweti" ngabaphethwe yiCAS. “Ngiye ngazibonela ngawami imindeni nobungani bempilo yonke buhlukana,” kubhala yena.

Ukuphikisana nelungelo lomphakathi lokwazi     

Umqondisi we-CAS USarah Evanega, PhD, uye kusho iqembu lakhe ezimele embonini: “Asibhaleli izimboni, futhi asikhuthazi noma siphakamise imikhiqizo ephethwe yimboni. Njengoba iwebhusayithi yethu iveza ngokusobala nangokugcwele, asitholi zinsiza ezivela embonini. ” Kodwa-ke, inqwaba yama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know, manje athunyelwe ku- Umtapo wolwazi wamakhemikhali we-UCSF, Khombisa i-CAS ne-Evanega bexhumana eduze nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane namaqembu ayo angaphambili ezinhlelweni zobudlelwano bomphakathi. Izibonelo zifaka:

Ezinye izibonelo zokubambisana kwe-CAS namaqembu ezimboni zichazwe ezansi kwaleli phepha lamaqiniso.  

Ukuphakamisa amaqembu angaphambili nezithunywa ezingathembekile

Emizameni yayo yokuqhakambisa ama-GMO njengesisombululo “esisuselwe kwisayensi” kwezolimo, iCornell Alliance for Science inikeze ithuba layo emaqenjini aphambili embonini ngisho nomuntu ongaziwa ngesayensi yezulu.

UTrevor Butterworth noSense Mayelana neSayensi / STATS: I-CAS ibambisana ne-Sense About Science / STATS ukunikela “ukubonisana kwezibalo zezintatheli”Futhi wanika ukuhlanganyela kumqondisi weqembu uTrevor Butterworth, owakha umsebenzi wakhe wokuvikela imikhiqizo ebalulekile ku Amakhemikhali, ukuthosa, ukudla okungenamsoco futhi izimboni zezidakamizwa. UButterworth ungumphathi ongumsunguli weSense About Science USA, ayihlanganise nesikhungo sakhe sangaphambili, iStatistical Assessment Service (STATS).

Izintatheli zichaze ama-STAT kanye neButterworth njengabadlali ababalulekile emikhankasweni yokuvikela umkhiqizo embonini yamakhemikhali (bheka Izindaba zesitatimende, IMilwaukee Journal Sentinel, I-Intercept futhi I-Atlantic). Imibhalo yeMonsanto iyakhomba I-Sense Mayelana neSayensi phakathi "kozakwethu bemboni" kuthembele ekuvikeleni i-Roundup ekulweni nokukhathazeka komdlavuza.

Isimo sezulu sesayensi yezulu u-Owen Paterson: Ku-2015, i-CAS ibambe u-Owen Paterson, usopolitiki waseBritish Conservative Party futhi owaziwa kakhulu isayensi yezulu ingabaza ngubani kunciphise uxhaso lwemizamo yokunciphisa ukufudumala kwembulunga yonke ngesikhathi sakhe njengoNgqongqoshe Wezemvelo wase-UK. UPaterson usebenzise isigaba saseCornell ukusho ukuthi amaqembu ezemvelo aphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngamaGMOs “vumela izigidi ukuba zife.”Amaqembu embonini yezibulala-zinambuzane asebenzise imiyalezo efanayo eminyakeni engama-50 edlule ukuzama ihlazisa uRachel Carson ngokuveza ukukhathazeka nge-DDT.

Lynas futhi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi: I-Lynas ye-CAS nayo ihlangene ne-Sense About Science njengelungu lebhodi leseluleko lesikhathi eside. Ngo-2015, u-Lynas wabambisana no-Owen Paterson Paterson owayengabaza ngezesimo sezulu kanye no-Sense About Director of Science u-Tracey Brown qalisa lokho akubize "ukunyakaza kwe-ecomodernism," ehambelana ngokubambisana, uhlobo lokulwa nomthethonqubo "kwemvelo."

IHawaii Alliance yezithunywa zeSayensi

Ngo-2016, i-CAS yethule uhlelo lwe- iqembu elihambisanayo elibizwa ngeHawaii Alliance for Science, othe inhloso yayo "ukuxhasa ukwenziwa kwezinqumo okusekelwe ebufakazini kanye nokuqanjwa kwezolimo eziQhingini." Izithunywa zayo zifaka:

USarah Thompson, a owayekade eyisisebenzi seDow AgroSciences, waqondisa i- IHawaii Alliance Yezesayensi, eyayizichaza ngokuthi “iyinhlangano engaphansi engenzi nzuzo yezokuxhumana ehlangene neCornell Alliance for Science.” (Iwebhusayithi ayisabonakali isebenza, kepha iqembu ligcina i- ikhasi Facebook.)

Okuthunyelwe kwezokuxhumana okuvela eHawaii Alliance for Science kanye nomxhumanisi wayo uThompson bachaze abagxeki bemboni yezolimo njengo abantu abazikhukhumezayo nabangazi lutho, kugujwa ummbila kanye nesoya mono-izilimo futhi ukuvikela ama-pesticides we-neonicotinoid okuyinto izifundo eziningi futhi ososayensi bayasho zilimaza izinyosi.

UJoan Conrow, Ukuphatha Umhleli we-CAS, ubhala izindatshana ngaye iwebhusayithi yomuntu siqu, ngamunye "Kauai Eclectic" ibhulogi nangenxa yeqembu eliphambili embonini Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project uzama ukwehlisa isithunzi ochwepheshe bezempilo, amaqembu omphakathi futhi osopolitiki eHawaii abamele ukuvikelwa okunamandla kwezibulala-zinambuzane, nezintatheli ababhala ngokukhathazeka ngezibulala-zinambuzane. IConrow inayo kusolwa amaqembu ezemvelo lokweqa intela kanye kuqhathaniswa neqembu lokuphepha kokudla kuya ku-KKK.

UConrow ubengakudaluli njalo ukuzibandakanya kwakhe neCornell. Iphephandaba laseHawaii i-Civil Beat limgxeke uConrow ngaye ukungabi sobala futhi wamcaphuna ngo-2016 njengesibonelo sokuthi kungani iphepha lishintsha izinqubomgomo zalo zokuphawula. UConrow “wayevame ukuphikisana nombono we-GMO ngaphandle kokuchaza ngokusobala umsebenzi wakhe njengozwela we-GMO,” kubhala uprofesa wezintatheli uBrett Oppegaard. "UConrow ulahlekelwe nayinkululeko yakhe yobuntatheli (nokubika) mayelana nokubika ngokufanele ngezinkinga ze-GMO, ngenxa yomsebenzi wakhe kulezi zinkinga."

UJoni Kamiya, i-CAS ka-2015 Umfo Wobuholi Emhlabeni Wonke uphikisana nemithetho yokubulala izinambuzane kwiwebhusayithi yakhe Indodakazi yoMlimi waseHawaii, In the abezindaba kanye neqembu eliphambili lomkhakha Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project. Ungumama “Uchwepheshe wenxusa” yezimboni zezolimo ezixhaswe ngemali iwebhusayithi yezentengiso Izimpendulo ze-GMO. NjengoConrow, uKamiya uthi ukuvezwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane eHawaii akuyona inkinga, Futhi izama ukudicilela phansi izikhulu ezikhethiwe futhi "Abashisekeli bezemvelo" abafuna ukulawula izibulala-zinambuzane.

ICornell Alliance yabasebenzi beSayensi, abeluleki

I-CAS izichaza ngokuthi "isinyathelo esiseCornell University, isikhungo esingenzi nzuzo." Leli qembu alidaluli isabelomali salo, izindleko zalo noma amaholo abasebenzi, futhi iCornell University ayidaluli noma yiluphi ulwazi mayelana ne-CAS emafayilini ayo.

Uhlu lwewebhusayithi Abasebenzi be-20, kufaka phakathi uMqondisi USarah Evanega, PhD, kanye nokuphatha Umhleli UJoan Conrow (alubhalisi uMark Lynas noma abanye abantu abangathola isinxephezelo). Abanye abasebenzi abaziwayo ababhalwe kuwebhusayithi bafaka:

Ibhodi lokweluleka le-CAS lifaka phakathi izifundiswa ezihlale zisiza imboni yezolimo ngemizamo yazo ye-PR.

IGates Foundation: ukuhlaziywa kwamasu wokuthuthukisa ezolimo 

Kusukela ngo-2016, iGates Foundation isebenzise imali engaphezulu kuka- $ 4 billion kumasu okuthuthukisa ezolimo, okuningi lokho kugxile e-Afrika. Amasu esisekelo wokuthuthukisa ezolimo abekhona eholwa nguRob Horsch (osanda kuthatha umhlalaphansi), a Umakadebona weMonsanto seminyaka engama-25. Amasu adonse ukugxekwa kokuqhakambisa ama-GMO nemikhiqizo yezolimo e-Afrika ukuphikiswa kwamaqembu azinze e-Afrika nokunyakaza komphakathi, futhi ngaphandle kokukhathazeka okuningi nokungabaza ngezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo e-Afrika yonkana.

Ukuhlaziywa kwendlela yeGates Foundation yokuthuthukiswa kwezolimo nokuxhaswa ngezimali kubandakanya:

Ukusebenzisana okuningi kwe-CAS-industry 

Inqwaba yama-imeyili atholakele nge-FOIA yi-US Right to Know, futhi manje asethunyelwe ku- Umtapo wolwazi wamakhemikhali we-UCSF, khombisa i-CAS ihlangana eduze nemboni yezolimo kanye namaqembu ayo obudlelwano bomphakathi ukuxhumanisa imicimbi nokuthumela imiyalezo:

Ukuhlaziywa okuningi kukaMark Lynas 

Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa: Ukwenziwa Kweqembu Langaphambili LeMonsanto

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, inhlangano engenzi nzuzo engu-501 (c) (3) eyasungulwa ngo-2012, ithi iyiqembu elizimele kodwa imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know iveze ukuthi iyiqembu eliphambili elisungulwe ngosizo lweMonsanto nethimba lalo lobudlelwano bomphakathi ukuhlasela ezolimo abagxeka imboni ngenkathi bebonakala bezimele.

Related: Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, IMonsanto iqamba “abalingani bayo bemboni, " Izinkambu zeBiotech Literacy Project
"Izigxivizo zeminwe zeMonsanto Zithole Konke Ukuhlaselwa Kwe-Organic Food, ”NguStacy Malkan, Huffington Post (2016)

Covert izimali zezimboni 

Iwebhusayithi yokuBuyekeza yeziFundo ichaza abasunguli bayo ngokuthi “Osolwazi ababili abazimele,” uBruce Chassy, ​​PhD, uprofesa osesikhundleni esiphakeme e-University of Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign, noDavid Tribe, PhD, umfundisi omkhulu e-University of Melbourne, e-Australia. Kusukela ngoMeyi 2018, iwebhusayithi izimangalo, "Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa kwamukela kuphela iminikelo engavinjelwe evela emithonjeni engeyona yezinkampani ukuxhasa umsebenzi wethu."

Kodwa-ke, amarekhodi entela akhombisa ukuthi umxhasi oyinhloko we-Academics Review kube yi-Council for Biotechnology Information, inhlangano yezohwebo uxhaswe ngemali futhi uqhutshwa ngu izinkampani ezinkulu kakhulu zezolimo: iBASF, iBayer, iDowDuPont, iMonsanto neSyngenta.

Ngokwamarekhodi entela e-CBI, iqembu elixhaswa ngezimboni linikeze ukubuyekeza kwe-Academics isamba esingu- $ 650,000 ngo-2014 futhi 2015-2016. Amarekhodi entela e-AcademicsReview.org abika izindleko ze- $ 791,064 kusuka ngo-2013-2016 (bona 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016). Le mali isetshenziselwe ukuhlela izingqungquthela nokukhuthaza ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides, ngokusho kwamarekhodi entela.

UDkt Chassy naye ubeneminyaka ethola uxhaso olungadalulwanga kuMonsanto ngeyunivesithi yakhe. Niyabo, “Kungani uprofesa wase-University of Illinois engazange aveze uxhaso lwakhe lwe-GMO?”NguMonica Eng, WBEZ (Mashi 2016)

Ama-imeyili aveza imvelaphi eyimfihlo yeqembu eliphambili lezemfundo

Ama-imeyili atholwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi ngokusebenzisa izicelo zenkululeko yolwazi kuveze ukusebenza kwangaphakathi kokuthi ukubuyekezwa kwezifundiswa kwakumiswe kanjani njengeqembu eliphambili ngosizo lweMonsanto, ababambisene nabo bePR kanye nabaxhasi bezimboni. Amaqiniso asemqoka nama-imeyili:

  • Ngokombiko othile Mashi 11, 2010 uchungechunge lwe-imeyili, Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo kwasungulwa ngosizo lwabaphathi beMonsanto kanye UJay Byrne, Owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana ezinkampanini kaMonsanto; futhi I-Val Giddings, owayeyi-VP yomkhakha we-biotech inhlangano yezohwebo i-BIO, njengesikhulumi sokuhlasela abagxeki bemboni yezolimo.
  • U-Eric Sachs, isikhulu esiphezulu kwezobudlelwano nomphakathi eMonsanto, uthe uzosiza ekutholeni uxhaso lwezimboni lwe-Academics Review. "Ukhiye kuzoba ukugcina iMonsanto ingemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi," uSachs ubhalele uChassy November 30, 2010.
  • U-Byrne uqhathanise umqondo njengofana - kodwa ongcono kune - iqembu langaphambili elisungulwe nguRick Berman, i-lobbyist eyaziwa njenge “UDkt Evil”Kanye no “Inkosi yamaqembu aphambili ezinkampani kanye nenkulumo-ze”Ngomsebenzi wakhe wokuqhakambisa izintshisekelo zomkhakha kagwayi nowoyela ngaphansi kwamaqembu azwakala engathathi hlangothi. “Isikhungo Senkululeko Yabathengi 'sikaBerman (ActivistCash.com) sikuthengise kakhulu lokhu; futhi ngicabanga ukuthi sinomqondo ongcono kakhulu, ”kubhala uByrne ebhalela uChassy Mashi 11, 2010.
  • U-Byrne uthe uthuthukisa uhlelo lwe- “Uhlu lwamathuba nezinhloso” zeMonsanto equkethe "izinhlangano ngazinye, izinto zokuqukethwe nezindawo zezihloko" ezigxeka i-ag-biotech "esho imali yezinkampani ezahlukahlukene ezithende kahle."
  • UChassy uveze ukuthi uzimisele kakhulu ukulandela umkhakha wezinto eziphilayo. "Ngingathanda ukuthola igama eliphambili phakathi kwe-organic aura lapho ngizoqhuma khona imicibisholo ye-ballistic," wabhala ngo-Mashi 2010. Ngo-2014, i-Academics Review yahlasela imboni ephilayo nge ibike ukuthi ikusho amanga kwakuwumsebenzi wezifundiswa ezizimele ngaphandle kwezingxabano zentshisekelo.

Uhlelo lweMonsanto PR olubizwa ngokuthi yi-Academics Review “njengomlingani womkhakha” 

Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundiswa "kungumlingani wemboni" ngokuya ngemfihlo Idokhumenti yeMonsanto PR lokho kuchaza izinhlelo zenhlangano zokudicilela phansi ingalo yocwaningo lomdlavuza lweWorld Health Organisation, i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ukuze kuvikelwe isithunzi seRoundup weedkiller. Ngo-Mashi 20, 2015, i-IARC yamemezela ukuthi inakho i-glyphosate ehlukaniswe njenge-Group 2A carcinogen, “Mhlawumbe kubanga umdlavuza kubantu.”

Uhlu lwemibhalo yeMonsanto PR izingxenye ezine zabalingani bemboni ukubamba iqhaza emizamweni yokuxhumana nomphakathi ukuhlambalaza umbiko wephaneli lesifo somdlavuza. Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo kubhalwe njengohlu lwe-Tier 2 "ophathina wemboni" kanye Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, Umuzwa Ngezesayensi, Kwenziwe kabusha, Kanye Izifundiswa ze-AgBioChatter list khonza.

Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo esihlokweni yangomhla ka-25 Mashi 2015 yathi "ukubuyekezwa komdlavuza we-IARC we-glyphosate kwehluleka ezingxenyeni eziningi." I-athikili exhunywe nemboni ixhaswe ngemali Izimpendulo ze-GMO, iqembu langaphambili Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo kanye nendatshana yeForbes kaHenry Miller eyayiyiyo kubhalwe isipoki nguMonsanto.

Ubudlelwano bukaBruce Chassy nezimboni namaqembu angaphambili

USolwazi Bruce Chassy, ​​ongumsunguli we-Academics Review kanye nomongameli webhodi, ubelokhu ekhonjwe njalo kwabezindaba njengochwepheshe ozimele kumaGMOs, kanti ubethola nezimali ezingadalulwanga ezivela eMonsanto.

UChassy uthole ama- $ 57,000 ezimali ezingadalulwanga esikhathini esiyiminyaka emibili esuka eMonsanto ukuhamba, ukubhala nokukhuluma ngama-GMO, ngokusho kweWBEZ. Indaba ibike ukuthi iMonsanto iphinde yathumela okungenani ama- $ 5.1 million nge-University of Illinois Foundation kubasebenzi baseyunivesithi nezinhlelo phakathi kuka-2005 no-2015.

UChassy use “Board of Science and Policy Advisors” yoMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo, iqembu eliphambili exhaswe ngabakwaMonsanto nezinye izinkampani imikhiqizo yazo evikelwa yiqembu. UChassy ubuye abe “isazi esizimele"Ye Izimpendulo ze-GMO, iwebhusayithi yokumaketha yama-GMO nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane exhaswa yimboni yezolimo.

Imibhalo emayelana nezibopho zomkhakha kaBruce Chassy:

  • New York Times, "I-Food Industry Yabhalisa Izifundiswa ku-GMO Lobbying War, Ama-imeyili Show," ngu-Eric Lipton (9/5/2015)
  • Isilondolozi se-imeyili seNew York Times, "A University of Illinois Professor Joinins the Fight," (9/5/2015)
  • WBEZ, "Kungani Uprofesa Wase-Illinois Engazange Adalule Ukudalulwa Kwezimali ze-GMO," nguMonica Eng (3/15/2016)
  • Ilungelo le-US Lokwazi, "Ukulandela Umzila We-imeyili: Indlela uProfesa Wenyuvesi Yomphakathi Asebenzisana Ngayo Nomkhankaso Wenkampani PR," nguCarey Gillam (1/29/2016)

UDavid Tribe / Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa / Biofortified

UDavid Tribe ungomunye wabasunguli be-Academics Review, iphini likamongameli weBhodi yabaqondisi Bokubukeza Izifundo, kanye nombuyekezi kumbiko Wokubukeza Izifundiswa wezi-2014 ohlasela imboni yezemvelo. UTribe futhi uyilungu lebhodi labaqondisi le- I-Biology Fortified Inc., noma i-Biofortified, iqembu elingenzi nzuzo elisiza imboni yezolimo ngokunxenxa nobudlelwano bomphakathi.

Amakamu eBootch Literacy Project Campus axhaswe yizimboni: ukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukukhuthaza ama-GMO 

Amakamu okufundela iBiotech Literacy Project ayenguchungechunge lwezingqungquthela ezazikhokhelwa imboni yezolimo futhi zahlelwa yi-Academics Review kanye Iphrojekthi Yezofuzo, elinye iqembu langaphambili ababambisana neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi wobudlelwano bomphakathi ngenkathi ethi azimele. Amakamu ama-boot aqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuthi kwenziwa kanjani ukukhuthaza ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides, futhi babe nezinhloso ezicacile zepolitiki zokunqanda ukufakwa ilebula kwe-GMO nokuphakamisa ukuxhaswa kokumakwa kwemikhiqizo yezimboni zezolimo.

Abahleli benkambu yeBoot baqamba amanga ezintathelini nakososayensi ukuthi imali yokuxhasa amakilasi e-Biotech Literacy Project yaqhamuka kuhulumeni kanye nasemithonjeni yezifundo, kanye nasemithonjeni yezimboni, kepha okuwukuphela komthombo olandelwayo wezimali waqhamuka ezinkampanini zezolimo nakweminye imithombo engeyona eyezimboni eyenqabile ukuxhaswa ngezimali Imicimbi, uPaul Thacker ubike ngayo I-Progressive.

“Nganikezwa isizumbulu semali engu- $ 2,000 XNUMX, kanye nezindleko. Ngabhala ngabuza ukuthi ngubani ozohlinzeka ngalesi sikhundla futhi ngatshelwa ukuthi kuzohlanganiswa imali evela ku-UC Davis, i-USDA, imali yombuso kanye neBiotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO). ” (Intatheli uBrooke Borel, Isayensi Edumile)

“Ngidinga ukucacisa ngaphambili ukuthi ukwesekwa kwethu kuvela kuBIO, USDA, state-USAID nakweminye imali yesisekelo ngakho imboni ingumxhasi ongaqondile. Siphumele obala ngo-100% mayelana noxhaso. ” (umhleli wekamu lebhuthi uBruce Chassy i-imeyili kososayensi)

I-Council for Biotechnology Information, iqembu lezentengiselwano elixhaswe yi-BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont kanye neMonsanto Company lisebenzise imali engaphezulu kwama- $ 300,000 emakamu amabili amabhuthi abanjelwe e-UC Davis nase-University of Florida, ngokusho kwamarekhodi entela.

Izikhulumi enkanjini yebhuthi ye-Biotech Literacy Project ka-2015 yayihlanganisa abaphathi bemboni ye-biotech kanye nezinhlangano ezisebenzisana nomphakathi, kufaka phakathi owayeyinhloko yezokuxhumana eMonsanto UJay Byrne (osize ukusetha Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa njengeqembu eliphambili ukuhlasela abagxeki bezimboni), uHank Campbell we iqembu eliphambili i-American Council on Science and Health, no-Yvette d'Entremont i- “SciBabe”; kanye nezifundiswa ezixhunywe embonini UKevin Folta eYunivesithi yaseFlorida, Pamela Ronald futhi U-Alison Van Eenennaam ka-UC Davis; nezintatheli kubandakanya UKeith Kloor futhi UBrooke Borel.

Ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngokutholwe yi-US Right to Know nokusakazwa kwabezindaba mayelana nokusebenzisana phakathi kwamaqembu ezimboni nezifundiswa ezindabeni zokudla, bheka ikhasi lethu lokuphenya. Imibhalo yase-US Right to Know iyatholakala ku- Umtapo Wezincwadi Wezimboni Zamakhemikhali isingathwe yiYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eSan Francisco.

Izigxivizo zeminwe zeMonsanto Zithole Konke Ukuhlaselwa Kokudla Okuphilayo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Le ndatshana ivele okokuqala ku- Huffington Post.

NguStacy Malkan

Lapho inhlangano engenzi nzuzo enedumela elihle ikhipha umbiko ohlasela imboni yokudla yemvelo ngo-Ephreli 2014, leli qembu lenza konke okusemandleni alo ukuzimela.

Ikhasi le-30 umbiko by Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, echazwe “njengengenzi nzuzo eholwa ochwepheshe abazimele bezemfundo kwezolimo nakwezesayensi yokudla,” yathola ukuthi abathengi babekhohliswa ukuba basebenzise imali ethe xaxa yokudla okuphilayo ngenxa yemikhuba yokukhangisa ekhohlisayo eyenziwa imboni yezinto eziphilayo.

Izihloko ezisematheni ezentengiselwano zababaza: “Okungokwemvelo kuveziwe!” (Izindaba zeBrownfield) nokuthi “Imboni Engokwemvelo Iyakhula Ngabathengi Abakhohlisayo” (Izindaba Zokuphepha Kokudla), bethi okutholakele ngochwepheshe abazimele.

Lokhu okutholwe “kuvunyelwe yithimba lamazwe omhlaba lesayensi ezimele yezolimo, isayensi yokudla, ongoti bezomnotho nabezomthetho abavela ezikhungweni zomhlaba ezihlonishwayo,” ngokusho kweqembu isitatimende sephephandaba.

Uma ngabe iphuzu mayelana nenkululeko belingacacanga, ukukhishwa kwabezindaba kugcina ngalokhu: “Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundiswa akunakho ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo okuhlobene nalolu shicilelo, nazo zonke izindleko ezihambisanayo ezikhokhelwe ukusebenzisa izimali zethu jikelele ngaphandle kokucaciswa okuthile ithonya noma isiqondiso somnikeli. ”

Okungazange kushiwo embikweni, ukukhishwa kwezindaba noma kuwebhusayithi: Abaphathi beMonsanto Co, umkhokheli ohola phambili emhlabeni wezolimo kanye nembewu eyenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, kanye nabalingani abakhulu beMonsanto, ababambe iqhaza ekuqoqeni isikhwama se-Academics Review, babambisana namasu waze waxoxa nangezinhlelo zokufihla uxhaso lwezimboni, ngokusho kwama-imeyili etholwe yi-US Right to Know ngezicelo zombuso ze-Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

Izinhloso zikaMonsanto ekuhlaseleni imboni yezinto eziphilayo zisobala: Imbewu namakhemikhali kaMonsanto anqatshelwe ukusetshenziswa kwezolimo, futhi ingxenye enkulu yemiyalezo kaMonsanto ukuthi imikhiqizo yayo iphakeme kunokwemvelo njengamathuluzi okukhulisa ukukhiqizwa kokudla komhlaba wonke.

Izifundiswa Phatha Umyalezo kaMonsanto 

I-Academics Review yasungulwa ngokubambisana "ngoprofesa ababili abazimele… emaphethelweni ohlangothi lweplanethi," uBruce Chassy, ​​Ph.D., uprofesa osafufusa e-University of Illinois, noDavid Tribe, Ph.D., umfundisi omkhulu e-University of Melbourne . Bona Faka isicelo iqembu "lamukela kuphela iminikelo engavinjelwe emithonjeni engeyona eyezinkampani."

Kodwa-ke ukuhwebelana ngama-imeyili okubili ngo-2010 kuveza izinhlelo zokuthola uxhaso lwezinkampani lwe-Academics Review ngenkathi kugcinwa iminwe yenkampani ifihliwe.

Ngo-Mashi 11, 2010 ukushintshana nge-imeyili noChassy, ​​uJay Byrne, owayeyinhloko yezokuxhumana eMonsanto manje osephethe i- I-PR kanye nefemu yocwaningo lwemakethe, wanikela ngokusebenza "njengemoto yezentengiso" ukusiza ukuthola uxhaso lwezinkampani lwe-Academics Review.

UChassy uxoxe ngentshisekelo yakhe yokuhlasela imboni ephilayo kuma-imeyili. "Ngingathanda ukuba negama eliphakeme phakathi kwe-aura engokwemvelo lapho ngizokwethula khona imicibisholo ye-ballistic…" ubhale wathi, "Ngiqinisekile anginayo imali."

U-Byrne uphendule wathi,

“Yebo, ngiphakamisa ukuthi sisebenzele imali (yethu sonke) kuqala futhi ngokushesha! Ngiphakamise uVal [Giddings, owayeyisekela likamongameli we-BIO, inhlangano yokuhweba embonini ye-biotech] ukuthi mina naye sihlangane ngenkathi ngise-DC ngesonto elizayo ukuze sikwazi (hhayi nge-imeyili) ukuthola isithombe esicacile sezinketho ngokuyisa iphrojekthi ye-Academic Review namanye amathuba. "Isikhungo Sokukhululeka Kwabathengi" (ActivistCash.com) singene ngalokhu ngokweqile. "

ICentre for Consumer Freedom iqondiswa nguRick Berman, ilobbyist obizwe “UDkt Evil"Futhi"inkosi yamaqembu angaphambili ezinkampani kanye nenkulumo-ze“Ngomsebenzi wakhe wokuqhakambisa imboni kagwayi nezinye izinto ezibandakanyeka ezinkampanini ngaphansi kwamaqembu angachemile.

"Ngicabanga ukuthi sinomqondo ongcono kakhulu," kusho uByrne etshela uChassy.

U-Byrne wabelana ngohlu lwamathuba ahlosiwe ngabantu, amaqembu kanye nokuqukethwe okugxeka ama-GMO kanye neMonsanto: UVandana Shiva, Andrew Kimbrell, Ronnie Cummins, Sierra Club, Greenpeace, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, incwadi kaMichael Pollan ethi “In Defense of Ukudla, ”ama-movie athi“ Food, Inc ”ne-“ The World According to Monsanto, ”kanye“ nesihloko esinqamula kuzo zonke izindawo ezinobungozi ze-ag-biotech (ngaphandle kokuwela / ukungcola, izinyosi, izimvemvane, ukuphepha kwabantu, njll.) . ”

"Bonke laba bantu, izinhlangano, izinto zokuqukethwe nezindawo zezihloko zisho imali yezinkampani ezahlukahlukene ezithende kahle, uByrne wabhala, enezela:

Bonke laba bantu, izinhlangano, izinto zokuqukethwe nezindawo zezihloko zisho imali yezinhlangano zezinkampani ezithende kahle.

“Ngikholwa wukuthi mina noVal singakhomba futhi sisebenze njengezimoto ezifanele (ezingezona ezemfundo) esingaxhuma ngazo lezi zinhlaka nomsebenzi ngephrojekthi ngendlela esiza ukuqinisekisa ukuthembeka nokuzimela (futhi ngaleyo ndlela kube nenani) labanikeli abakhulu / abanikazi… Ngikholwa ukuthi ikhabethe lethu lekhishi lapha lingasebenza njengabagcini bamasango (kwezinye izimo abathathi ntela) ukuze kutholakale izimpendulo ezisebenzayo, ezithembekile, ukugoma kanye nokwenza imisebenzi ngokusebenzisa leplatifomu yephrojekthi… ”

"Kuzwakala kukuhle kimi," kuphendula uChassy. “Nginesiqiniseko sokuthi uzongitshela ukuthi nixoxa ngani.”

Ku-an ukushintshana nge-imeyili noChassy yangomhla kaNovemba 30, 2010, u-Eric Sachs, ophethe ezobudlelwano nomphakathi eMonsanto, waxoxa ngokuthola ukwesekwa kwebhizinisi kwe-Academics Review ngenkathi "egcina iMonsanto ingemuva."

USachs ubhalele uChassy:

"Mina nawe sidinga ukukhuluma kabanzi ngesayithi kanye nomqondo" wokubuyekezwa kwezifundiswa ". Ngikholwa wukuthi kunendlela eya enqubweni ebingaphendula kangcono ekukhathazekeni nasezinsolweni zesayensi. Ngihlanganyele noVal izolo. Ngokombono wami inkinga ingenye yokubandakanyeka kochwepheshe futhi engaxazululwa ngokukhokha ochwepheshe ukuze banikeze izimpendulo. Mina nawe sixoxe ngalokhu esikhathini esedlule. UVal uchaze ukuthi igxathu lokuqala lisungula isimo esingu-501 (c) sesi-3 sokungenzi nzuzo ukwenza lula ukuqoqwa kwemali. Lokho kunengqondo kepha kukhona okuningi. Ngixoxile noJerry Steiner namuhla (Ithimba Elilawulayo leMonsanto) futhi ngingasiza ukukhuthaza i-CLI / BIO / CBI nezinye izinhlangano ukuthi zisekele. Ukhiye kuzoba ukugcina iMonsanto ingemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi. ”

Ukhiye uzobe ugcina iMonsanto ngemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi.

I-CLI / BIO / CBI ibhekisa emaqenjini amathathu okuhweba embonini - iCrop Life International, iBiotechnology Innovation Organisation kanye noMkhandlu Wezokwazisa ngeBiotechnology Information - amele izinhlangano zezolimo.

UChassy uphendule uSachs, “Yebo kufanele sikhulume nge-Academics Review. Ngicabanga ukuthi sisesigabeni esisodwa. ”

Lapho ebuzwa ngqo ngezimali, uChassy uphendule nge-imeyili wathi: “Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundiswa akuceli noma kwamukele izimali kunoma yimuphi umthombo wocwaningo oluthile noma eminye imisebenzi ehambisana nanoma yimiphi imikhiqizo, izinsizakalo noma imboni. Ukubuyekezwa kwe-Academics kwamukela kuphela iminikelo engavinjelwe evela emithonjeni engekho yezinkampani ukusekela umsebenzi wethu. ”

Uthe ukubuyekeza kwe-Academics kwahlanganisa futhi kwabikwa ukuthi akukho mali engenayo ngo-2012 futhi wahlinzeka ngama-IRS form 990s for 2013 futhi 2014 (manje nayo ithunyelwe kuwebhusayithi). Leyo mibhalo ibika u- $ 419,830 kumali engenayo kepha ayifaki lwazi ngabanikeli. UChassy akazange aphendule ezicelweni zokunikeza lolo lwazi.

Cindezela Amakhava Ukuhlasela "Okuzimele" ku-Organic

I-Academics Review yakhipha ucwaningo lwayo lwezinto eziphilayo ngo-Ephreli 2014 kumjikelezo oqinile wokushicilelwa kwabezindaba ochaza okutholwe "ngabaphenyi abazimele":

“Imboni Yokudla Engokwemvelo Ike Yabandakanyeka Embikweni Wokufaka Izimangalo 'Wezinkulungwane Eziningi Zomphakathi Wokukhishwa Kolwazi' (I-Navigator Yokudla)

• “Umbiko: Imboni Engokwemvelo Ithole Iminyaka Engama-25 Yokukhula Ngokushesha Ngokusebenzisa Ukwesaba Nokukhohlisa”Izindaba Zokuphepha Kokudla)

• “Icala Elibi Lokumakethwa Kokudla Okuphilayo” (I-Dairyma kaHoardn)

• "Ukusebenzisa Ukwesaba Njengecebo Lokuthengisa" (Izindaba Zebhizinisi Lokudla)

In the New York Post, UNaomi Schaffer Riley wakha icala elibhekene "nobushiqela be-organic mommy mafia" abakhohliswa amaqhinga wokumaketha angenabungozi embonini yezinto eziphilayo. Imithombo yakhe ibandakanya umbiko we-Academics Review noJulie Gunlock, umbhali wencwadi ekhuluma “ngesiko lokwesaba.”

URiley akazange asho ukuthi uGunlock, kanye noRiley uqobo, bobabili abadala abafo e-Independent Women Forum, iqembu uxhaswa kakhulu yi-Donors Trust, enayo ukuhlaselwa kwezinkampani okubhange ezinyunyaneni, ezikoleni zomphakathi kanye nososayensi bezulu.

In the I-Register ye-Des Moines, UJohn R. Block, owayengunobhala wezoLimo e-US manje osebenzela inkampani yabameli enxenxa izintshisekelo zebhizinisi lezolimo, ubike “ngombiko we-blockbuster” we-Academics Review nemiphumela yayo yokuthi imfihlo yemboni yezimboni eyimpumelelo “ukumaketha kwabantu abamnyama. ”

The iqembu langaphambili lebhizinisi I-American Council on Science and Health, okuyi ithola uxhaso kusuka embonini yezolimo nalapho uChassy esebenza khona njengomeluleki wesayensi, ehlohla isihloko esithi "abamnyama abamaketha" kuma-athikili ngumongameli we-ACSH Hank campbell futhi UHenry I. Miller, MD, uzakwabo waseHoover Institute obesebenza njengesikhulumi ezikhangisweni ngomzamo wokubulala ilebula le-GMO eCalifornia, okwakunguMonsanto ohola imali.

Miller, onomlando omude wokwenza izimangalo zesayensi ezinganembile ukusekela izintshisekelo zebhizinisi, kusetshenziswe nombiko wokubuyekezwa kwezifundo njengomthombo wokuhlaselwa okungokwemvelo ku Newsweek futhi Buyekeza National, futhi wafuna ku Wall Street Journal ukuthi ukulima ngokwemvelo akusimeme.

Izindikimba ezifanayo zokulwa nemvelo zidlula kwezinye iziteshi ze-PR zezimboni zezolimo.

Izimpendulo ze-GMO, a iwebhusayithi yezokumaketha uxhaswe yizinkampani zeBig Six ze-agrichemical (futhi kuphi Chassy futhi Tribe zisebenza "njengochwepheshe abazimele"), zithuthukisa imibono yokuthi iyini imvelo akunampiloakukho okungcono ngemvelo futhi uhlelo lokumaketha nje - yize, ngokumangazayo, inkampani ye-PR eqhuba i-GMO Answers yethule iqembu elikhethekile eSan Francisco ukuzama imali emakethe yemvelo.

Ukuhamba Kwemali Kuya Esidlangalaleni; Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa Kuthula 

NgoMashi 2016, kubika uMonica Eng yeWBEZ kumadokhumende akhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto ikhokhele uSolwazi Bruce Chassy imali engaphezu kwama- $ 57,000 esikhathini esiyizinyanga ezingama-23 ukuhamba, ukubhala nokukhuluma ngamaGMO - imali engazange ivezelwe umphakathi.

Ngokophenyo luka-Eng, le mali ibiyingxenye okungenani yama- $ 5.1 million emalini engadalulwanga iMonsanto ethunyelwe nge-University of Illinois Foundation kubasebenzi baseyunivesithi nasezinhlelweni phakathi kuka-2005 no-2015.

"UChassy akazange adalule ubudlelwano bakhe bezezimali neMonsanto kumafomu wombuso noma eyunivesithi okuhloswe ngawo ukuthola ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo," kubika i-Eng.

“Imibhalo iqhubeka ikhombisa ukuthi uChassy kanye nenyuvesi bayalele iMonsanto ukuthi ifake leyo mali kwi-University of Illinois Foundation, okuwumgwamanda onamarekhodi avikelwe ekuhlolweni komphakathi. Isisekelo futhi sinamandla okuthatha imali yangasese bese siyikhiphela kumuntu 'njengeyunivesithi ekhokhelwayo' - engadalulwanga. ”

NgoJanuwari 2016, uCarey Gillam, umqondisi wezocwaningo wase-US Right to Know, kubikwe ngama-imeyili okukhombisa ukuthi amakhulu ezinkulungwane zamadola asegeleze esuka eMonsanto aya eNyuvesi yase-Illinois “njengoba uChassy ebambisene kumaphrojekthi amaningi neMonsanto ukulwisana nokukhathazeka komphakathi ngezitshalo ezishintshwe izakhi zofuzo (GMOs) - konke lokhu ngesikhathi ezimele njengesifundiswa esizimele sesikhungo somphakathi. ”

"Okutholayo lapho ufunda ngamaketanga e-imeyili amalungiselelo avumela abadlali bemboni ukuthi bahlanganise imiyalezo ye-pro-GMO ngaphakathi kweveli lobuchwepheshe obuzimele, futhi okuncane, uma kukhona, ukudalulwa esidlangalaleni kokuxhumana okwenzeka ngemuva," kubhala uGillam .

The okuthunyelwe kokugcina esizeni Sokubukeza Izifundo, sangomhla ka-Septhemba 2, 2015, yibhulogi kaChassy echaza ukuthi amanye ama-imeyili akhe azokwaziswa umphakathi ngenxa yezicelo ze-FOIA ze-US Right to Know, azibonakalisa njengokuhlaselwa eminyakeni engama-40 isayensi yomphakathi, ucwaningo nokufundisa.

Ukwesekwa kwezezimali okuvela emkhakheni ozimele ocwaningweni lomkhakha kahulumeni kanye nokufinyelela kubantu “kufanelekile, kuvamile futhi kuyadingeka ukufeza izidingo zomphakathi,” kubhala uChassy. "Ukwesekwa okunjalo kufanele, futhi kukho konke engikubonile, kube sobala futhi kwenziwe ngaphansi kweziqondiso zokuziphatha eziqinile zezikhungo zikahulumeni ezisizakala emikhakheni ezimele noma eminikelweni yomuntu ngamunye yezezimali."

Ezinsukwini ezintathu kamuva, amanye ama-imeyili kaChassy aqala ukwenziwa obala ekhasini lokuqala New York Times i-athikili yomlobi wezindaba ophumelele amahlandla amabili wePulitzer Prize u-Eric Lipton. ULipton ubike ukuthi uMonsanto wanikeza uChassy isibonelelo semali engadalulwanga ngo-2011 “yokwenza imisebenzi ye-biotechnology nemisebenzi yezemfundo.”

UChassy utshele uLipton ukuthi imali ayithola kuMonsanto "isize ekukhuphuleni izwi lakhe ngokuhamba, iwebhusayithi ayenzile nezinye izindlela."

Usathola I-Press njengoMthombo Ozimele 

Ngaphandle kokudalulwa kuma-imeyili nokudalulwa kwezibopho zezezimali zikaChassy eMonsanto, iwebhusayithi ye-Academics Review kanye nombiko wayo ohlasela imboni yezinto eziphilayo kusathunyelwe ku-inthanethi nazo zonke izincazelo ezithi zizimele.

Futhi uChassy usakujabulela ukusakazwa ngabezindaba njengochwepheshe "ozimele" kuma-GMO. NgoMeyi 2016, babili abahlukene Associated Press izindaba ucaphune uChassy ngaleso sihloko. Ayikho le ndaba eye yakhuluma ngokuxhumana kwezezimali kukaChassy nomphakathi manje neMonsanto.

UStacy Malkan ungomunye wabaphathi beqembu labathengi i-US Right to Know. Ungumbhali wencwadi ethole umklomelo, “Hhayi Ubuso nje Obuhle: I-Ugly Side ye-Beauty Industry” (New Society 2007). 

Isikhungo Senkululeko Yabathengi - amaqiniso asemqoka

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Isifinyezo

* Yaqalwa ngonyaka we-1995 njenge-Guest Choice Network

* UPhillip Morris unikeze le nhlangano imali eyi- $ 600,000 ngemali yezimbewu

* Indawo yokudlela, izimali zenkampani kagwayi zasetshenziselwa ukulwa nokuvinjelwa kokubhema ezindaweni zokudlela

* Izindleko ezingaphezu kuka-40% ezihanjiselwe isitolo sokunxenxa uCenter for Consumer Freedom (CCF) uRick Berman

* Izinkokhelo eziya enkampanini yokubamba iqhaza eBerman ziholele iCharity Navigator ukuthumela ukwelulekwa kwabaxhasi ngeCCF

* ISIKHATHI: Ukuhlaselwa Kwenhlangano Yezabasebenzi "okushaya kancane"

Isikhungo Sokukhululeka Kwabathengi Ekuqaleni Sikhokhelwa Izimboni Zikagwayi Nezokudlela Ukulwa Nokuvinjelwa Kokubhema Ezitolo Zokudlela

Ngokusho the Washington Post, iCentre for Consumer Freedom - ngaleso sikhathi eyayibizwa ngokuthi iGuest Choice Network - ekuqaleni yayixhaswe ngemali “yenkampani kagwayi neyokudlela ukuze kuliwe nemingcele yokubhema ezindaweni zokudlela.”

The Thumela ibike ukuthi "uPhilip Morris USA Inc. wathembisa u- $ 600,000 - iningi lemali yembewu - eqenjini likaBerman ngo-1995. Inkampani yathi idinga umxhumanisi owayengumboni ophakathi nendawo '' futhi '' eqoqwe njengengxenye yenkantolo yamazwe amaningi emelene nezinkampani zikagwayi. ” [Washington Post, 4 / 27 / 05]

ISIKHATHI yabika ngo-2013 ukuthi leli qembu laxhaswa yimali evela kuPhilip Morris, futhi ladalelwa ukuthuthukisa “amalungelo ababhemayo” ezimbonini zokudlela nezokungenisa izihambi. [ISIKHATHI, 8 / 12 / 13]

Kusukela Izimpande Ezikhokhelwa Ugwayi, I-CCF Iselulekele Kwezinye Izindawo Ezithandekayo Zokuthakazelisa

Ngemuva kokushintshwa kwegama layo laba yiCentre for Consumer Freedom ngo-2001, iWashington Post yabika ukuthi “yagxila kakhulu ezindabeni zokudla neziphuzo, yaphakanyiswa ukukhathazeka ngokukhuluphala, isifo sezinkomo ezihlanyayo nemikhiqizo eguqulwe izakhi zofuzo.” [Washington Post, 4 / 27 / 05]

ISIKHATHI yabika ngo-2013 ukuthi i-CCF yandile ukukhuthaza ukusetshenziswa kwenyama, kanye nokuphikisana nobufakazi besayensi ngobungozi be-mercury ne-high fructose corn syrup. [ISIKHATHI, 8 / 12 / 13]

Izindleko ezingaphezu kuka-40% zeCCF zaya eBerman naseNkampanini kusukela ngo-2002-2012

Ithebula elingezansi lichaza izindleko eziphelele ze-CCF kanye nesinxephezelo esikhokhelwe yi-CCF kuBerman naseNkampani kusukela ngonyaka wentela ka-2002 kuya onyakeni wentela ka-2012.

Ngaleso sikhathi, ngaphezu kuka-40% wazo zonke izindleko zeCCF zaya eBerman naseNkampanini, kwathi kuleyo minyaka emihlanu (2002, 2007, 2008, 2010 nango-2011) imali engaphezu kwengxenye yezindleko zeCCF yaya eBerman naseNkampanini.

IntelaUnyaka UbudeIzindleko Isinxephezelo ku- UBerman neNkampani % Yezindleko eziya ku-UBerman neNkampani
2012 $ 1,024,582 $ 246,874 24.10%
2011 $ 2,121,780 $ 1,294,488 61.01%
2010 $ 2,640,780 $ 1,682,126 63.70%
2009 $ 8,831,659 $ 1,461,597 16.55%
2008 $ 1,594,299 $ 1,043,604 65.46%
2007 $ 1,951,753 $ 1,562,280 80.04%
2006 $ 3,291,050 $ 1,190,512 36.17%
2005 $ 3,818,769 $ 1,623,186 42.51%
2004 $ 3,246,452 $ 1,435,056 44.20%
2003 $ 2,752,519 $ 1,252,344 45.50%
2002 $ 1,970,803 $ 1,044,553 53.00%
TOTAL $ 33,244,446 $ 13,836,620 41.62%

[I-CCF IRS Form 990 filings]

Izinkokhelo ezeqile zeCCF eziya eBerman Led Charity Navigator Ukukhipha Iseluleko Sabanikeli

ICharity Navigator, umhloli wokuzimela omkhulu kunabo bonke waseMelika, njengamanje unoMeluleki Wabanikeli maqondana neCCF.

Ekwelulekeni, iCharity Navigator iveze ukuthi ukuhlaziywa kwabo kweFomu 2011 le-CCF lika-990 kwaveza ukuthi iningi lezindleko zeCCF zakhokhelwa iBerman kanye neNkampani, nokuthi “sithola umkhuba wenkontileka yokupha esiza izinsizakalo zokuphatha ngebhizinisi eliphethwe yilelo Isikhulu esiphezulu senkampani esiza abantulayo sisebenza kabi uma siqhathaniswa nezinye izinkampani ezisiza umphakathi ezisizayo. ” [Iseluleko sabanikeli beCharity Navigator]

Umlando Omude Wokwenza Ukuhlaselwa Kamanga Ngezinhlangano Ezihlonishwayo

ICentre for Consumer Freedom inomlando omude wokwenza ukuhlasela okungelona iqiniso nokungaqondakali kwezinhlangano ezihlonishwayo, kubandakanya iHumane Society, Mothers Against Drunk Driving kanye neTrout Unlimited.

UBerman uthi amaqembu anjalo "aneqembu elinodlame kuwo." [Washington Post, 4 / 27 / 05]

ISIKHATHI: Ukuhlaselwa Kwenhlangano Yezobuntu “Ukushaya Okuncane”

Ngo-Agasti 2013, ISIKHATHI ibike ngokuxhaswa kweCCF ngezikhangiso ezihlasela iHumane Society.

Lezi zikhangiso zithi yi-1% kuphela yemali engenayo yeNhlangano yoMphakathi eya ezindaweni zokukhosela zendawo, ukuhlaselwa ISIKHATHI ebizwa ngokuthi "ukushaywa okuphansi." [ISIKHATHI, 8 / 12 / 13]