Izibopho zikaGeoffrey Kabat kumaQembu Wezimboni Zikagwayi Namakhemikhali

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UGeoffrey Kabat, PhD, ungudokotela wezifo zomdlavuza futhi ungumbhali wababili izincwadi bethi lezo zingozi zezempilo zemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, amasimu kagesi, intuthu kagwayi kagwayi nokunye ukuvezwa kwemvelo “kweqiwe kakhulu. ” Uvame ukucashunwa emaphephandabeni njengesazi esizimele sengozi yomdlavuza. Izintatheli ezisebenzisa uDkt Kabat njengomthombo kufanele zazi (futhi ziveze) ubudlelwane bakhe obude nomkhakha kagwayi nokuzibandakanya namaqembu asebenzisana nemboni yamakhemikhali emikhankasweni ye-PR kanye nokunxenxa imikhankaso.

Umholi weqembu langaphambili nomeluleki

UDkt Kabat uyilungu le- ibhodi labaqondisi we-Science Literacy Project, iqembu labazali le- IGenetic Literacy Project, esebenza ekusithekeni neMonsanto ukukhuthaza nokuvikela imikhiqizo yezolimo. UDkt Kabat ubuye abe yilungu le- ibhodi labeluleki besayensi we Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (ACSH), iqembu lelo uthola uxhaso kusuka izinkampani zamakhemikhali, ugwayi nezemithi.

Kokubili i-Genetic Literacy Project ne-ACSH bahlanganyele neMonsanto emkhankasweni wobudlelwano bomphakathi ukuzama ukudicilela phansi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ngombiko wayo wokuthi i-glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko se-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto, ingumdlavuza womuntu ongaba khona. Ngokwamadokhumende akhishwe ngecala:

  • Uhlelo lweMonsanto PR (Febhuwari 2015) wabiza i-Genetic Literacy Project phakathi kwe- "Abalingani bemboni" IMonsanto ihlele ukuzibandakanya emizameni yayo "yokwehlisa umthelela" wombiko we-IARC. Izinhloso zohlelo lukaMonsanto bekuwukuvikela “idumela kanye ne-FTO ye-Roundup” futhi “nokuhlinzeka ngezembozo kuma-ejensi alawulayo…” I-GLP selokhu yathumela ngaphezu kwama-200 athikili egxeka i-ejensi yomdlavuza.
  • Ama-imeyili asuka kuFebhuwari 2015 khombisa ukuthi iMonsanto ixhaswe yi-ACSH ngokuqhubekayo futhi ifinyelela ekunikezeni i-ACSH "uhlu olugcwele" lolwazi lweMonsanto mayelana nombiko we-IARC we-glyphosate. Kuma-imeyili, abasebenzi bakwaMonsanto baxoxa ngokubaluleka kwezinto ze-ACSH kumuthi wokubulala izinambuzane, kanti omunye wabhala, "NGEKE UTHOLE UKUBALULEKA OKUNGCONO KWEDOLOLO LAKHO kune-ACSH." (kugcizelelwa koqobo)
  • Abasebenzi be-ACSH batshele uMonsanto ukuthi umbiko we-IARC glyphosate wawuse-radar yabo, base bephawula, “Siyabandakanyeka emaphephandabeni agcwele enkantolo: IARC, maqondana namakhemikhali e-ag, i-DINP [phthalate] nedizili.”

La maqembu asebenzise imilayezo efanayo ukuhlasela abacwaningi bomdlavuza be-IARC njengo “ukukhwabanisa kwesayensi"Futhi"izindawo eziphikisana namakhemikhali”Ngubani“ oqambe amanga ”futhi“bakhela uzungu lokumelela kabi”Isayensi ku-glyphosate. Bacaphuna uDkt Kabat njengo umthombo wokhiye ngezimangalo zokuthi i-IARC "idicilelwe phansi" futhi "ama-enviro-fanatic kuphela”Unake imibiko ngengozi yomdlavuza. UDkt. Kabat ubhale ukuthi “kukhona ngokoqobo azisekho izifundo esingakwenza ukukhombisa ukuthi i-glyphosate iphephile, ”ngokususelwa ku interview nochwepheshe ongaziwa.

Ukuhlasela ososayensi abaphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza

Esinye isibonelo sendlela uDkt Kabat asiza ngayo amaqembu axhunywe yiMonsanto emizamweni yakhe yokuhlambalaza iqembu elihlukile lososayensi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza nge-glyphosate ngoFebhuwari 2019 ukuhlaziywa kwe-meta. Ukuhlaziywa kwe-meta, okubhalwe ngokubambisana ngabososayensi abathathu abachwethezwe yi-EPA ukuze basebenze ekomidini lobuchwepheshe labeluleki besayensi le-glyphosate, kubike "izixhumanisi eziphoqayo" phakathi kokuvezwa kwama-herbicides asuselwa ku-glyphosate kanye nengozi eyengeziwe ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

UDkt. Kabat uphenye ukuhlaziywa ku-athikili eyashicilelwa okokuqala kuForbes kodwa kamuva isusiwe ngemuva kokuthi abahleli beForbes bathole izikhalazo ngokungadalulwa kukaKabat mayelana nobudlelwano bakhe ne-ACSH. Ngesikhathi ebuzwa ngalolu daba, iForbes ithe le ndatshana yadonswa ngoba yephula imigomo yeForbes kanti uKabat ngeke esaba negalelo kwiForbes.

I-athikili kaDkt Kabat esusiwe ye-Forbes isengaba njalo funda kwiSayensi 2.0, a iwebhusayithi ephethwe ngumqondisi wangaphambili we-ACSH, futhi inguqulo ivela ku-Genetic Literacy Project. Umqondisi Omkhulu we-GLP uJon Entine uphakamise udaba lukaDkt Kabat kanye neziphakamiso okungenzeka ukuthi ososayensi bazenzile “ukukhwabanisa ngamabomu. "

 
UJon Entine tweetI-Entine nayo iboshelwe ku- Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo. Ngo-2011, ngenkathi kunjalo ethola izimali ezivela eSyngenta, ACSH kushicilelwe incwadi ka-Entine evikela i-atrazine, isibulala-zinambuzane esenziwe yi-Syngenta.

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngokuhlaselwa okwenziwe umkhakha ku-IARC, bona:

Izibopho zikaDkt Kabat zesikhathi eside

UDkt. Kabat ushicilele amaphepha amaningana awathandayo embonini kagwayi axhaswe imboni kagwayi. Yena nombhali-mbhali wakhe kwamanye ala maphepha, uJames Enstrom (umphathiswa we-American Council on Science and Health), banokuxhumana okude embonini kagwayi, ngokusho kwephepha lika-2005 leBMJ Tobacco Control.

Ngo-2003 ocashunwe kabanzi iphepha kwaBMJ, Kabat nase-Enstrom baphethe ngokuthi intuthu kagwayi ayikhuphuli amathuba omdlavuza wamaphaphu nesifo senhliziyo. Ucwaningo beluxhaswe ngokwengxenye yiCentre for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), okuyiqembu lomkhakha kagwayi. Yize leyo mali yadalulwa, ukuhlaziywa okulandelayo ku Ukulawulwa Kogwayi weBMJ ibike ukuthi ukudalulwa okuhlinzekwe nguKabat no-Enstrom, yize behlangabezana nezindinganiso zale magazini, “akuzange kunikeze umfundi isithombe esiphelele sokubandakanyeka kwemboni kagwayi nababhali bezocwaningo. Imibhalo embonini kagwayi yembula ukuthi ababhali bebenesikhathi eside besebenzisana ngokwezimali nakwezinye izinto abasebenzisana nazo nemboni kagwayi. ” 

I-Enstrom iziphikisile lezi zimangalo ku- I-athikili ka-2007 ku-Epidemiological Perspectives and Innovation, ephikisa ngokuthi ukuxhaswa kwakhe nokuncintisana kwakhe kwachazwa ngokusobala nangendlela efanele ephepheni leBMJ lango-2003, nokuthi imali yezimboni zikagwayi ayizange ibe nomthelela ocwaningweni lwakhe. "Kuze kube manje, akukho okungahambi ngendlela, ukwenzelela noma ukungenzi okuthile okutholakele ohlelweni lokubuyekeza futhi akukho phutha emiphumeleni ekhonjwe ephepheni," kusho u-Enstrom. IYunivesithi yaseCalifornia ayikuvimbeli ukuxhaswa kwabacwaningi embonini kagwayi kodwa manje kwenqabela abacwaningi ukuthi bangaceli imali embonini kagwayi.

Ukuxhumana kwezezimali embonini kagwayi kubikwe ephepheni leBMJ Tobacco Control kufaka phakathi: 

Source: https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/14/2/118

Ngo-2019, usesho lwe- UGeoffrey Kabat Emibhalweni Yezimboni Zogwayi ye-UCSF uletha amadokhumende angaphezu kuka-800, kufaka phakathi i- Irisidi ka-2007 eya kuPhillip Morris ngemali engaphezulu kwama- $ 20,000 350 “yokubonisana ngemiphumela yempilo kagwayi ongaphakeme” ekhokhiswa ngo- $ XNUMX ngehora.

Ngo-2008, uKabat no-Enstrom bashicilela i- iphepha okuxhaswe kancane nguPhillip Morris ebika ukuthi ukuhlolwa kwangaphambilini kubukeka sengathi kudlulise amandla wenhlangano phakathi kwentuthu kagwayi wezemvelo kanye nesifo senhliziyo.

Ngo-2012, uDkt. Kabat ubhalile a iphepha ukuthola ukuthi osikilidi abasebenza ngophethiloli babengeyona ingxenye ebalulekile yomdlavuza wokuqunjelwa. Kulelo phepha, uDkt. Kabat uthe "ubesebenza njengomxhumanisi enkampanini yabameli nasenkampanini ebonisana ngemiphumela yempilo kagwayi wama-menthol."

Ngeminye imininingwane evela e-US Right to Know ngamaqembu angaphambili kanye nezifundiswa ezinamaqhina angadalulwanga ezinkampanini zokudla nezamakhemikhali, bheka I-Pesticide Industry Propaganda Tracker.

Incwadi evulekile eya ku-STAT: Isikhathi Sokuba Namazinga Aqinile Wokubonisa Okusobala

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Othandekayo uRick Berke noGideon Gil,

Ngesikhathi lapho umphakathi ubuza ukufaneleka kwemithombo yezindaba - nesayensi uqobo - kubalulekile ekushicilelweni kwezempilo nezesayensi okufana ne STAT ukusebenzela umphakathi ngeqiniso eliningi kanye nokwenza izinto obala ngangokunokwenzeka. Sikubhalela ukukucela ukuthi uqhubekele phambili njengabaholi ukubhekana nenkinga enkulu ekusetshenzisweni kwesayensi: abafundi bacatshangelwa izinkampani eziphusha ama-ajenda enqubomgomo ngababhali be-PR abazenza ngathi bazimele kanti cha.

NgoFebhuwari 26, i-STAT yehluleka ukwenza umsebenzi wayo emphakathini ukuhlinzeka ngokusobala lapho ishicilela umbono ikholomu nguHenry Miller, noma ngabe uMiller wayekade ebanjwe eshicilela umsebenzi obhaliwe kaMonsanto-ghost ngaphansi kwegama lakhe eForbes.

Ngemuva kweNew York Times wembula ihlazo lokubhalwa kwesipoki sikaMiller ngo-Agasti 2017, iForbes yalahla uMiller njengombhali wephephandaba futhi yasusa zonke izindatshana zakhe ngoba wephule inqubomgomo yeForbes edinga ababhali bemibono ukuthi badalule ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo, futhi bashicilele owabo umsebenzi kuphela - inqubomgomo i-STAT nayo kufanele yamukele. (Ukuvuselelwa: I-STAT inokushayisana kwezintshisekelo inqubomgomo yokudalula lapha futhi usazisa ukuthi uMiller akabikanga zingxabano.)

Kusukela isiqephu sokubhalwa komoya, umsebenzi kaMiller uqhubekile nokuphakamisa amafulegi abomvu abomvu.

Ikholamu yakhe yakamuva ihlasele imboni yezinto eziphilayo kuNewsweek itholwe ngemininingwane enikezwe yilowo owayekhulumela iMonsanto, uJay Byrne, obudlelwano bakhe neMonsanto abuzange buvezwe, futhi ikholomu kaMiller ilandele eduze imiyalezo uByrne ayenayo usebenze neMonsanto ngenkathi kusebenzisana ukusetha iqembu langaphambili yezifundiswa ukuhlasela abagxeki bezimboni, ngokusho kwe- Ama-imeyili avuliwe ngu-US Ilungelo Lokwazi. Esihlokweni sakhe seNewsweek, uMiller uphinde wazama ukudicilela phansi isithunzi sikaDanny Hakim, intatheli yeNew York Times eveze ihlazo likaMiller lokubhala ngezipoki - ngaphandle kokusho ihlazo.

Ngaphezu kwalokhu kwehluleka kwakamuva ukudalula ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo zakhe, uMiller une- eside, umlando olotshiwe njengobudlelwano bomphakathi kanye nokunxenxelwa ngokwesivumelwano kwezinhlangano.

Ku-1994 Imemo yecebo le-PR kuPhillip Morris, ama-APCO Associates abhekise kuMiller "njengomsekeli oqavile" emkhankasweni womhlaba wonke wokulwa nemithetho kagwayi. Ngo-1998, uMiller wabeka izinsizakalo zakhe ze-PR ezinkampanini ku "Uhlelo Lokusebenza Lokukhuthaza Isayensi Yomsindo Kwezempilo, Inqubomgomo Yezemvelo kanye ne-Biotechnology." U-2015 Uhlelo lweMonsanto PR "ukuhlela ukukhala" ngokumelene nososayensi bephaneli lomdlavuza le-IARC le-World Health Organisation elibalwe njengelokuqala ukukhishwa kwangaphandle: "Bandakanya uHenry Miller."

Ngabe izintshisekelo zebhizinisi nazo bezingemuva kombono kaMiller, oshicilelwe kuleli sonto yi-STAT, wokuthi iNational Institutes of Health akufanele isakhokhela izifundo ezihlanganayo zezempilo?

Ukunconywa kwendatshana ye-STAT kaMiller evela kokuthandwayo kwe- UJeff Stier, osebenzela i-Koch-esebenzisana ne-Consumer Choice Center, futhi URona Applebaum, owayengumphathi omkhulu weCoca-Cola ngubani ihlele iqembu langaphambili ukwenza isayensi ekukhuluphaleni ngokweqile, kwenza i-athikili ibonakale ifana nolunye uhlobo lweqembu eliphambili lenkampani.

Bekungeke kube okokuqala ukuthi imboni eyenza imithi ibaleke ngokusebenzisa i-STAT ukukhuthaza i-ajenda yayo yezepolitiki neyokuthengisa. NgoJanuwari owedlule, i-STAT yavumela amalungu amabili eqembu eliphambili lenkampani Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (ACSH) ukuze opine ukuthi uhulumeni angavunyelwa ukuvimbela odokotela ekuchazeni i-OxyContin. Kepha le ndatshana ayidalulanga ukuthi i-ACSH isitholile uxhaso kusuka izinkampani ezidayisa izidakamizwa kanye izinkonzo zayo ezinkampanini ezivumelwaneni ze-quid proo zokuvikela imikhiqizo yabo kanye nama-ajenda enqubomgomo.

NgoSepthemba, i-STAT ihoxise udaba olushicilelwe ngaphansi kwegama likadokotela otuse abasebenza embonini yezemithi, ngemuva kokubhala kukaKevin Lomangino ku-HealthNewsReview.org ukuthi udokotela uthole ngaphezu kwama- $ 200,000 ezinkampanini zemithi. Uphenyo lwabe seludalula ukuthi inkampani yabakwa-PR ibhale isipoki ngendatshana kadokotela.

"Umzamo omkhulu ka-pharma wokubhala izipoki ku-STAT uphele kabi - kodwa hhayi ngokwanele," kusho uprofesa wezobuntatheli uCharles Seife kuSlate. "U-STAT uyihoxisile le ndaba, kodwa ngezizathu ezingalungile futhi ngaphandle kokuxazulula inkinga yangempela."

Isikhathi se-STAT sokubhekana nale nkinga, futhi sibe yingxenye yesixazululo ekuletheni iqiniso nokubonisa obala ekubikeni kwesayensi. Umphakathi unelungelo lokwazi ukuthi izinkampani zibhala nini, noma zenze nini izigxivizo zeminwe yabo yonke indawo imibono yezifundiswa ezithi zizimele.

"Njengoba nje omagazini bezokwelapha bebeqala ukuqinisa imithetho mayelana nokungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo, bephoqa ukudalulwa okwengeziwe ngezinhloso ezifihlekile zezindatshana ezithile zocwaningo, imithombo yezindaba nayo kumele ibhekelele," kubhala uSeife kuSlate.

“Kumele bafunde ukuyeka ukukhulisa imiyalezo yamaqembu angaphambili bese beshaya iso ngemikhuba efana nokubhala ngezipoki emakhasini abo wokuhlela. Ngamafuphi, abezindaba kumele babone ukuthi njalo lapho bephindaphinda umyalezo wonodoli, kulimaza ngokuthembeka kwesitolo. ”

Ngokwethembeka kwe-STAT, nokwethenjwa kwabafundi bayo, sikunxusa ukuthi usebenzise inqubomgomo ecacile neqinile yokufuna bonke ababhali bakho ukuthi banikeze ukudalulwa okugcwele ngokushayisana kwezintshisekelo, kufaka phakathi izinkokhelo abazithola ezinkampanini, nomsebenzi abawenzayo ngemuva izigcawu ezinamabhizinisi noma amafemu abo e-PR ukukhuthaza ama-ajenda ezinkampani.

Ozithobayo,
UStacy Malkan
UGary Ruskin
Abaqondisi Bokubambisana, i-US Ilungelo Lokwazi

buyekeza: Qaphela kusuka UKevin Lomangino, umhleli ophethe i-HealthNewsReview.org: “Siyabonga ngokuqaphelisa umsebenzi wethu nalolu daba, engivuma ukuthi lubalulekile. Ukucaca, @ukhozi_fm baqinise izinqubomgomo zabo ze-COI / obala ukuphendula ekubikeni kwethu njengoba sibhale lapha, "I-STAT iba inhlangano yesi-3 yokubuyekeza izinqubomgomo ngemuva kokuhlolisisa kwethu. ” Kodwa-ke, kulokhu umlobi ngokusobala wehlulekile ukudalula iqhaza lababhali bomoya emisebenzini yakhe edlule, ngakho-ke anginasiqiniseko sokuthi i-STAT ingathemba / kufanele ithembe noma yisiphi isiqinisekiso asinikezile sokuthi okuqukethwe kungokoqobo. ” 

Impendulo ye-USRTK: Siyajabula ukubona i-STAT iqinisa inqubomgomo yayo ye-COI kepha kumele benze kangcono, njengoba icala likaMiller likhombisa. Minan ukwengeza ku-2017 ihlazo lokubhala ngezipoki, UMiller unayo ukudalulwa okuyiphutha kwakamuva futhi umlando omude wokubekwa phambili kwezinkampani. Bona futhi eyethu impendulo kubahleli be-STAT mayelana nenqubomgomo yabo yokudalula i-COI. 

Landela uphenyo lwe-US Right to Know ngokubhalisela okwethu incwadi yezindaba lapha, futhi ngicela ucabangele ukwenza umnikelo ukusekela ukubikwa kwethu.  

Izigxivizo zeminwe zikaMonsanto Kuzo Zonke I-Newsweek's Hit on Organic Food

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

buyekeza: Impendulo eyinqaba yeNewsweek

NguStacy Malkan

"Umkhankaso wokudla okuphilayo ngumkhonyovu okhohlisayo, obizayo," ngokusho komhlaka-19 Januwari Newsweek esihlokweni ebhalwe nguDkt.Henry I. Miller weSikhungo seHoover.

Uma lelo gama lizwakala lijwayelekile - uHenry I. Miller - kungahle kube ngoba New York Times muva iveze ihlazo okubandakanya uMiller: ukuthi ubanjwe eshicilela i-athikili ebhalwe ghost nguMonsanto ngaphansi kwegama lakhe ku Forbes. I-athikili, ebikhombisa kakhulu uhlaka olunikezwe uMonsanto, ihlasele ososayensi bephaneli lomdlavuza le-World Health Organisation (IARC) labo isinqumo sokufaka ohlwini Amakhemikhali athengisa kakhulu kaMonsanto, i-glyphosate, njenge-carcinogen yabantu.

Ukubika ku ukushintshana nge-imeyili ekhishwe ngamacala neMonsanto mayelana nokukhathazeka komdlavuza, i- Izikhathi ' UDanny Hakim wabhala:

"UMonsanto ubuze uMnu. Miller ukuthi angathanda yini ukubhala indatshana ngalesi sihloko, futhi wathi, 'Ngingathanda uma ngingaqala kusuka embhalweni osezingeni eliphezulu.'

Lo mbhalo uvele ngaphansi kwegama likaMnu. Miller, nangokuthi 'imibono evezwe ngabakwa-Forbes Contributors ingeyabo.' Lo magazini awuzange ukhulume ngokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto ekulungiseleleni lo mbhalo…

UForbes ususe lolu daba kwi-webhusayithi yakhe ngoLwesithathu wathi buqedile ubudlelwano bakhe noMnuz Miller phakathi kokudaluliwe. ”

Intambo yombono Iphrojekthi Syndicate kwalandela okufanayo, ngemuva kokuqala ukufaka isimangalo kumazwana kaMiller lapho aqaphela ukuthi ayezokwaliwa uma ukusebenzisana kwakhe noMonsanto kwakwaziwa.

Ithemba Lokwehlisa I-Organic

Ihlazo lokubhala ngezipoki alikaze limnciphise uMiller; uqhubekile nokuhlunga okuqukethwe okwenyuswayo embonini yezolimo kusuka ezitolo ezinjenge Newsweek futhi The Wall Street Journal, ngaphandle kokudalula kubafundi ubuhlobo bakhe neMonsanto.

Noma kunjalo kaMiller Newsweek Ukudla okune-organic kunezigxivizo zeminwe zikaMonsanto ngokusobala kuyo yonke indawo.

Okokuqala, uMiller usebenzisa imithombo yomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane ukwenza izimangalo ezingenabufakazi (nezindidayo) mayelana nezolimo eziphilayo - ngokwesibonelo, ukuthi ukulima ngokwemvelo "empeleni kuyingozi kakhulu emvelweni" kunokulima okuvamile, noma ukuthi ababambisene nabo bachitha u- $ 2.5 billion ngonyaka bekhankasa ngokumelene nokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo eNyakatho Melika.

Umthombo kulesi simangalo esingalungile nguJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto (ongaziwa kanjalo kwi Newsweek athikili), manje oqondisa inkampani ye-PR ebizwa nge-v-Fluence Interactive.

Ukuhwebelana nge-imeyili kuveza ukuthi iMonsanto isebenza kanjani nabantu abanjengoJay Byrne - kanye noByrne ngqo - ukusunduza lolu hlobo lokuhlaselwa kwezitha zikaMonsanto ngenkathi kugcinwa ukubandakanyeka kwenkampani kuyimfihlo.

Ngokwama-imeyili atholwe iqembu lami Ilungelo le-US Lokwazi, U-Byrne wadlala indima enkulu ekusizeni iMonsanto ukuba isungule iqembu eliphambili lenkampani elibizwa nge-Academics Review elashicilela umbiko ohlasela imboni yezimboni njengomkhonyovu wokumaketha - okuyisihloko ngqo kuMiller's Newsweek isihloko.

Uhlu lukaJay Byrne lwezitha zaseMonsanto. 

Umqondo weqembu langaphambili - kuchazwe ku- ama-imeyili engiwabike lapha - bekuzokwakha ipulatifomu enomsindo othembekile lapho izifundiswa zingahlasela abagxeki bemboni yezolimo ngenkathi bethi zizimele, kepha zithola imali ngasese emaqenjini ezimboni. Ukucwayiza, ukucwayiza, ha, ha.

"Ukhiye kuzogcina iMonsanto ingemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi," kubhale umphathi weMonsanto ohilelekile ohlelweni.

Indima kaByrne, ngokusho kwama-imeyili, ibizosebenza njenge "moto yokuhweba" ukusiza ukuthola imali yenkampani. U-Byrne uphinde wathi uhlanganisa uhlu “lwamathuba” okuhlosiwe - abagxeka imboni yezolimo okungenzeka ukuthi "bafakwe umjovo" endaweni yesikhulumi sabafundi.

Abantu abaningana kuhlu lwamathuba ka-Byrne, noma kamuva bahlaselwa yi-Academics Review, babeyizisulu ku-Miller's Newsweek isihloko, futhi.

IMiller's Newsweek ucezu naye uzame ukudicilela phansi umsebenzi we New York Times ' intatheli uDanny Hakim, ngaphandle kokudalula ukuthi kwakunguHakim owadalula ihlazo likaMiller lokubhala ngesipoki likaMiller.

Njengakamuva nje ukuhlaselwa kwemboni yemvelo, yonke iminwe ikhomba emuva ezinkampanini zezolimo ezizolahlekelwa kakhulu uma isidingo sabathengi siqhubeka nokukhuphuka kokudla okungenawo ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Ukusetshenziswa KukaMonsanto “Okuzimele Kwezemfundo”

UHenry Miller une- umlando omude wokusebenzisana no - no ebeka izinsizakalo zakhe ze-PR - izinkampani ezidinga usizo lokukholisa umphakathi ukuthi imikhiqizo yazo ayiyona ingozi futhi ayidingi ukulawulwa.

Futhi iMonsanto incike kakhulu kubantu abaneziqinisekiso zesayensi noma amaqembu azwakala engathathi hlangothi ukwenza lezo zingxabano - abantu abazimisele ukuxhumana nombhalo wenkampani ngenkathi bethi bangabalingisi abazimele. Leli qiniso lisungulwe ngokubika ku New York Times, Okwezwe, WBEZ, lo Ukuqhubeka phambili futhi ezinye izindawo eziningi eminyakeni yakamuva.

Idokhumenti esanda kukhishwa yeMonsanto inikeza imininingwane eyengeziwe mayelana nokuthi inkulumo-ze kaMonsanto nokusebenza kokunxenxa kusebenza kanjani, kanye nendima esemqoka edlalwa nguHenry Miller kuyo.

Lo 2015 “uhlelo lokulungiselela”- ekhishwe abameli ezinkantolo zomdlavuza i-glyphosate - ibeka isu likaMonsanto le-PR" lokuhlela ukukhala "ngokumelene nososayensi bomdlavuza we-IARC ngombiko wabo we-glyphosate. Owokuqala ongakhishwa: "Bandakanya uHenry Miller."

Uhlelo luzoqhubeka lunezigaba ezine "zabalingani bemboni" - amaqembu ezokuhweba ayishumi nambili, amaqembu ezemfundo kanye namaqembu aphambili abonakala ezimele afana ne Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project - lokho kungasiza "ukugoma" ngokumelene nombiko womdlavuza futhi "kuvikele isithunzi… se-Roundup."

UMiller uhambisele iMonsanto ngoMashi 2015 esihlokweni eForbes - lo mbhalo kamuva wembula njengombhalo kaMonsanto - uhlasela ososayensi be-IARC. Ozakwethu bezimboni bebelokhu bephusha izimpikiswano ezifanayo ngemigudu ehlukahlukene kaninginingi, selokhu, ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi bomdlavuza.

Okuningi kwalokhu kugxeka kubonakale emphakathini njengokuvukela okuzenzekelayo kokukhathazeka, kungakhulunywa ngeqhaza likaMonsanto njengomqambi nomqhubi womlando: i-hoodwink yenkampani yakudala.

Njengoba eminye imibhalo ingena embusweni womphakathi - nge Amaphepha eMonsanto futhi uphenyo lwamarekhodi womphakathi - iqhinga "lokufunda elizimele" kuzoba nzima ukuligcinela abasebenza embonini njengoHenry I. Miller, kanye nabezindaba nabenzi benqubomgomo abangayinaki.

Okwamanje, Newsweek ayihlehli. Ngisho nangemva kokubuyekeza imibhalo eqinisekisa amaqiniso akule ndatshana, Newsweek Umhleli wemibono uNicholas Wapshott ubhale ku-imeyili ukuthi, “Ngiyakuqonda ukuthi wena noMiller ninomlando omude wokuphikisana ngalesi sihloko. Ukuphika ngokusobala okuqinisekisile. ”

UMiller noWapshott abaphendulanga eminye imibuzo.

UStacy Malkan ungomunye wabaphathi beqembu elibheka abathengi nelisebenza obala, i-US Right to Know. Ungumbhali wencwadi ethi, “Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry” (New Society, 2007). Ukudalulwa: I-US Right to Know ixhaswe ngokwengxenye yi-Organic Consumers Association eshiwo ku-athikili kaMiller futhi evela kuhlu olushaywayo lukaByrne.

Ukudlondlobala Kwama-Anti-Women, AmaQembu EzeMpilo Aphikisana Nomphakathi

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Isithombe © Tony Powell. IGala Lesigungu Sabesifazane Esizimele sango-2017. Isiteshi seNyunyana. Novemba 15, 2017

Le ndatshana yavela okokuqala Huffington Post.  

NguStacy Malkan

Esikhathini esidlule soiree e-Union Station, i-DC power elite ihlangane embuthanweni wezempilo omelene nomphakathi ovunule njengombungazo wabesifazane okufanele uthinte noma ngubani okhathalele impilo namalungelo abesifazane nezingane.

Isithangami Esizimele Sabesifazane sidwebe i- uhlu oluhlaba umxhwele osopolitiki beRiphabhulikhi eya kugal yalo yonyaka uxhaswe ngu, phakathi kokunye, i-American Chemistry Council, inkampani kagwayi uPhillip Morris, iqembu lokuhweba embonini yezimonyo, iGoogle kanye nephiko langakwesokudla leAmerican Legislative Exchange Council.

Izikhulumi zifaka uSomlomo weNdlu uPaul Ryan kanye nomeluleki weTrump uKellyanne Conway, onqobe i-IWF Umklomelo We-Valor ngokuba “ngummeli oshisekayo kahulumeni onomkhawulo” ongayamukeli “umqondo wokuthi ukuba ngowesifazane kungukukhubazeka.” IConway futhi iyilungu lebhodi le-IWF.

Manje siyini Isithangami Esizimele Sabesifazane?

IWF yaqala eminyakeni engama-25 edlule njenge- umzamo wokuvikela manje-iNkantolo Ephakeme iJaji uClarence Thomas njengoba ayebhekene namacala okuhlukumeza ngokocansi. Leli qembu selivele kukhuliswe izigidi kusukela ezisekelweni eziyimfihlo zabazalwane bakaKoch nakwabanye ozigidigidi abangamaphiko okudla ukuze bafeze umsebenzi wabo "wokwandisa isibalo sabesifazane abazisa izimakethe zamahhala nenkululeko yomuntu siqu."

Emhlabeni we-IWF - iqembu uJoan Walsh elichazwe ku- The Nation “njengabafazi 'abenza umsebenzi ongcolile kaKoch” - lokho kusho ukuvikela inkululeko yezinkampani yokuthengisa imikhiqizo enobuthi kanye nokungcolisa imvelo, ngenkathi izama ukuhlela leyo ajenda njengefanele abesifazane nezingane.

Ugwayi we-E kufanele uvunyelwe ngenxa ye- izidingo zebhayoloji ezihlukile kwabesifazane, isibonelo, kanye nemfundo yesayensi yezulu yi wethusa kakhulu eyabafundi. (Incwadi e-cig ithi “uPhillip Morris PR ojwayelekile,” uthi Isazi semboni kagwayi uStan Glanz; kanye neGreenpeace ihlukanisa IWF "njengeqembu eliphambili lokuphika isimo sezulu seKoch Industries.")

Abesifazane bangazuza futhi ngokunganaki ukukhathazeka kwe- "alarmist" ngamakhemikhali anobuthi, ngokusho kochungechunge lwezifundo lwe-IWF exhaswe nguMonsanto.

Ukukunika umuzwa wokuthumela imiyalezo kumakhemikhali: Omama abaphikelela ekudleni okungokwemvelo bayazikhukhumeza, bathanda "abazali bezindiza ezinophephela emhlane" abadinga ukulawula konke uma kuziwa ezinganeni zabo, noma indlela ukudla okulinywa nokuphathwa ngayo, ”Ngokusho kukaJulie Gunlock, umqondisi wephrojekthi ye-IWF ye-“ Culture of Alarmism ”, njengoba kucashunwe ku esihlokweni enesihloko esithi "Ubushiqela be-organic mommy mafia" obabhalwa ngumuntu we-IWF.

E-gala ye-IWF, uGunlock uthathe isithombe nge-Monsanto isisebenzi sika-Aimee Hood noJulie Kelly, obhala izindatshana ezifaka ukungabaza ngobungozi besayensi yezulu kanye ne-pesticide, wake wabizwa ngisho iqhawe lesimo sezulu uBill McKibben "ucezwana".

UGunlock noKelly “bangosaziwayo bamatshe,” UHood ubhale kuTwitter.

"Ngikubiyela lokhu," kusho isisebenzi seMonsanto uCami Ryan.

Beka uhlaka kuyo yonke i-shindig bese ubona ubuphukuphuku bezombusazwe ezithwetshulwe ezinkampanini eMelika, lapho abaholi bezinqubomgomo bamukela obala iqembu labesifazane elilwa nabesifazane elilinganisa "inkululeko" nokudla izibulala-zinambuzane ezinobuthi, emcimbini oxhaswe imboni yamakhemikhali , inkampani kagwayi, iqembu eleqisayo elifuna susa iSenethi ekhethwe ngokuvota kanye nomthombo wezindaba onethonya elikhulu emhlabeni.

Okwamanje emhlabeni onengqondo

Isayensi yakamuva ikhombisa ukuthi uma ufuna ukukhulelwa futhi ukhulise izingane ezinempilo, kufanele wenqabe inkulumo-ze yokuthi amaqembu afana ne-Independent Women Forum azama ukuthengisa.

Emasontweni ambalwa edlule, i-Journals of the American Medical Association ishicilele i- Ucwaningo lweHarvard okufaka ukudla okuphethwe zinambuzane ezinkingeni zokuzala, a Ucwaningo lwe-UC San Diego kubhalwa ukwanda okukhulu kokuchayeka komuntu kumuthi wokubulala izinambuzane ojwayelekile, kanye nakudokotela ukuhlaziya ukunxusa abantu ukuthi badle ukudla okungokwemvelo.

Amaqembu amakhulu abelokhu enikeza izeluleko ezifanayo iminyaka.

Ngo-2012, i-American Academy of Pediatrics Kunconywa ukunciphisa ukutholakala kwezingane emithini yokubulala izinambuzane ngenxa ye- izincwadi ezikhulayo exhumanisa izibulala-zinambuzane nezinkinga zempilo ezingapheli ezinganeni, kufaka phakathi izinkinga zokuziphatha, ukukhubazeka kokuzalwa, isifuba somoya kanye nomdlavuza.

Ngo-2009, i-bipartisan Iphaneli Likamdlavuza likaMongameli wabika: “umthwalo weqiniso womdlavuza obangelwa imvelo uye wabukelwa phansi kakhulu.”

Iphaneli linxuse owayenguMongameli wangaleso sikhathi uGeorge W. Bush “kakhulu ukuthi asebenzise amandla ehhovisi lakho ukususa izidalwa zomzimba nezinye izinto ezinobuthi ekudleni kwethu, emanzini nasemoyeni ezikhuphula ngokungadingekile izindleko zokunakekelwa kwempilo, zikhubaze umkhiqizo weSizwe sethu, futhi zichithe izwe laseMelika uyaphila. ”

Ngeshwa esizweni sakithi, ukwenza ngokuvumelana naleso seluleko akukwazanga ohlelweni lwezepolitiki olubhekiswe kuzintshisekelo zebhizinisi.

Ukubanjwa kwezempilo kwezesayensi
Sekungamashumi eminyaka, izinkampani zokubulala izinambuzane zisebenzisa isayensi nezinhlangano ezilawula i-US ukugcina iqiniso lifihliwe ngobungozi bezempilo bamakhemikhali abo.

Imininingwane yembulwa ngamakhulu ezinkulungwane zamakhasi we imibhalo yemboniwakhululwa zomthetho Ukutholakala, abamemeza futhi Izicelo ze-FOIA ezihlolwe ku- ukulalelwa kukahulumeni futhi by abaningi abezindaba Izitolo.

Ukuze uthole amazwibela omkhankaso weMonsanto “wokusebenza isikhathi eside oyimfihlo wokuqopha irekhodi lesayensi, ukuthonya umbono womphakathi, kanye nokuthonya ukuhlolwa kokulawulwa” ku-herbicide glyphosate, bheka le ndatshana yomuntu engisebenza naye uCarey Gillam ku Umagazini i-Undark.

Njengesibonelo esisodwa sombumbano lukahulumeni / lwenkampani: ngo-2015, ewashini labaphathi baka-Obama, isikhulu se-EPA esasiphethe ukuhlola ingozi yomdlavuza we-glyphosate okuthiwa saziqhayisa kumphathi weMonsanto ngokusiza “ukubulala” isifundo somdlavuza wenye inhlangano, njengoba I-Bloomberg ibike.

Ukucindezela isayensi kube yiphrojekthi ekabili, yamashumi eminyaka. Kusukela ngo-1973, uMonsanto wethule isayensi engabazisayo ukufuna ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate ngenkathi i-EPA ibheke kakhulu, njengoba uValerie Brown no-Elizabeth Grossman babhalela Kulezi zikhathi.

UBrown noGrossman bachitha iminyaka emibili behlola ingobo yomlando etholakala esidlangalaleni yemibhalo ye-EPA kwi-glyphosate, futhi babika:

“IGlyphosate yicala elicacile 'lokuthwalwa ngokomthetho' kwenhlangano esebenza ngenhloso yayo yezezimali ngenkathi imibuzo ebucayi ngempilo yomphakathi isalokhu isezindongeni. Irekhodi lisikisela ukuthi eminyakeni engama-44 — ngokusebenzisa abaphathi bomongameli abayisishiyagalombili — abaphathi be-EPA abakaze bazame ukulungisa le nkinga. Ngempela, imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane ithinta ubuchwepheshe bayo obubheke phambili, besimanje njengoba izama ukugcina ucwaningo lwayo ekhabetheni, futhi ithembele emicabangweni engabazekayo nasezindleleni eseziphelelwe yisikhathi kwezobuthi obulawulayo. ”

Babhala ukuthi okuwukuphela kwendlela yokuthola isisekelo sesayensi sokuhlola ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate, “ukuphoqa ukukhanya kwasemini phakathi kwabalawuli nabalawulwa.”

Uhulumeni olinganiselwe usho inkululeko yokulimaza

EWashington kaTrump, akukho ukukhanya kwemini nhlobo phakathi kwezinkampani ezithengisa imikhiqizo eyingozi nezinhlangano okufanele zizilawule.

Umphathi we-EPA uScott Pruitt ukuxosha ososayensi emabhodini ezeluleko nokufaka i-EPA nge abaqokelwe ezombusazwe exhunywe ezimbonini zikawoyela, zamalahle nezamakhemikhali, eziningi zazo ezixhumene nabaphiki besayensi yesimo sezulu.

Njengomunye wakhe Izenzo zokuqala ezisemthethweni, UPruitt waphonsa eceleni izincomo zososayensi be-EPA futhi wavumela iDow Chemical ukuthi iqhubeke nokuthengisa isibulala-zinambuzane esenziwe njengegesi yezinzwa exhumene nokulimala kwengqondo ezinganeni.

"Ifa likaTrump elihlala njalo kungaba umdlavuza, ukungabi nenzalo kanye nama-IQ anciphile emashumini eminyaka ezayo."

"Izingane zitshelwa ukuthi zidle izithelo nemifino, kodwa ososayensi be-EPA bathole amazinga alesi sibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni okunjalo kuze kube izikhathi eziyi-140 imikhawulo ethathwa njengephephile," kubhala uNicholas Kristof ebabaza. I-NYT ivuliwe. "Ifa likaTrump elihlala njalo kungaba umdlavuza, ukungabi nenzalo kanye nama-IQ anciphile emashumini eminyaka ezayo."

U-Pruitt useze wafaka ne-lobbyist yezimboni zamakhemikhali ophethe i- umthetho omusha oshubile wobuthi obekufanele ulawule imboni yamakhemikhali.

Kubi kakhulu - kodwa-ke, sekuyisikhathi eside kakhulu.

Lowo mthetho omusha oshubile we-toxics, owaphasiswa ngonyaka owedlule ku- isichotho senkazimulo eyizinhlangothi ezimbili, kwaba iphikiswa ngu amaqembu amaningi ezemvelo kodwa kudunyiswa ngu - futhi kubikwa ebhalwe ngu - Umkhandlu waseMelika Chemistry.

“Imboni yamakhemikhali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 800 ifaka imali kosopolitiki futhi inxenxa indlela yokuphuma emithethweni esebenzayo. Lokhu bekulokhu kuyinkinga, kepha manje abaphathi bakaTrump sebehambe baze bakhetha abasebenza embonini yamakhemikhali ukuthi babheke ukuvikelwa kwemvelo, ”njengoba kuchazwe uKristof.

“I-American Academy of Pediatrics iphikisane nesinqumo sabaphathi mayelana nesibulala-zinambuzane segesi yezinzwa, kodwa izikhulu zasekela imboni ngodokotela. Ixhaphozi lawina. Indawo yokwamukela izimboni zamakhemikhali, i-American Chemistry Council, inguqulo yanamuhla kaGwayi Omkhulu… ”

"Ngelinye ilanga sizobheka emuva sizibuze: Besicabangani ?!"

Isimilo Sezwe Lethu

Eminyakeni eyishumi eyedlule, i-Independent Women's Forum yethule i-Valor Award kuNancy Brinker, umsunguli weSusan G. Komen for the Cure, okuyinhlangano enkulu kunazo zonke ezweni yomdlavuza webele - iqembu elibuye lagxekwa ngokuthatha imali ku izinkampani ezingcolisa kanye nokukhuthaza ukudla okungenampilo futhi imikhiqizo enobuthi.

Emhlanganweni we-IWF ka-2007, enkulumweni yokwamukela wabiza “Isimilo Sezwe Lethu, ”Kusho uBrinker waxwayisa ngokuthi kuzolahleka izimpilo zabantu ngaphandle kokuthi iMelika ithathe isinyathelo sokugwema“ i-tsunami yomdlavuza ”ezayo.

Kodwa-ke, uthe: “Bangane bami, lokhu akuyona inkinga yezepolitiki. Uma kukhulunywa ngomdlavuza, awekho amaRiphabhulikhi noma amaDemokhrasi, akukho nkululeko noma abagcinwayo. ”

Esikhundleni salokho, uthe ukucela ukungacaci njengoba ayemi phambi kweqembu elitshela abesifazane ukuthi bangakhathazeki ngemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, emcimbini onemali ethe xaxa ezinkampanini, ukushaya umdlavuza kuyindaba yokubiza intando yokwenza umdlavuza ube “yinto ephambili ezweni lonke nasemhlabeni wonke!”

Kepha leyo impela iyinkinga yezepolitiki. Imayelana namaRephabliki namaDemokhrasi, bobabili abadumaze abaseMelika ngokwehluleka ukubhekana nemboni yamakhemikhali. Imayelana nokubiza intando yezepolitiki yokuthola amakhemikhali axhumene nomdlavuza, ukungabi nenzalo nokulimala kobuchopho emakethe nangaphandle kokudla kwethu.

Okwamanje, singathatha izeluleko zesayensi: sidle okuphilayo bese sivotela osopolitiki abazimisele ukumelana nomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane.

Izimali Zenethiwekhi Yezenhlalo Yesimo Sezulu Esenqabela Inkohliso Yamakhemikhali Anobuthi

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Zikhuthaza ama-GMO nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, zivikela amakhemikhali anobuthi nokudla okungenamsoco, futhi zihlasela abantu abaphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngaleyo mikhiqizo ngokuthi “balwa nesayensi.” Kodwa-ke uJon Entine, uTrevor Butterworth noHenry Miller baxhaswa ngamaqembu afanayo axhasa ukwenqatshwa kwesayensi yezulu.

NguStacy Malkan

Umbhali waseBrithani uGeorge Monbiot unesixwayiso kulabo bethu abazama ukuqonda amaqiniso amasha ezepolitiki e-US nase-UK: "Asinalo ithemba lokuqonda ukuthi yini ezayo kuze kube yilapho siqonda ukuthi inethiwekhi yemali emnyama isebenza kanjani," wabhala ku i-Guardian.

Kungenzeka ukuthi iCorporate America yehlisa ukwenanela uDonald Trump, kepha kwathi lapho uTrump esekutholile ukuqokwa, "imali enkulu yaqala ukuthola ithuba elingakaze libonwe," kubhala uMonbiot. “Ukungahambisani kwakhe kwakungeyona inkinga, kepha kwakuvula: i-ajenda yakhe yayingakhiwa. Futhi uhlelo olumnyama lwemali olwalusungulwe ezinye izinkampani zaseMelika lwalulungele ngokuphelele ukulwakha. ”

Le nethiwekhi, noma imali emnyama i-ATM njengoba uMama Jones ekuchazile, kubhekiswa enanini elinzima lokulandela umkhondo eligeleza lisuka kozigidigidi abangamasiko amakhulu, abanjengoCharles noDavid Koch nababambisene nabo, nezinkampani eziba ngamaqembu angaphambili akhuthaza imibono yezimakethe ezikhululekile ngokweqile - ngokwesibonelo, izimpi ezilwa nezikole zomphakathi, izinyunyana, ukuvikelwa kwemvelo, izinqubomgomo zokuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu kanye nesayensi esongela inzuzo yebhizinisi.

"Asinathemba lokuthi sizokuqonda okuzayo size siqonde ukuthi isebenza kanjani imali emnyama."

Ababhali abaphenyayo UJane Mayer, UNaomi Oreskes, u-Erik Conway kanti abanye badalule ukuthi “indaba yemali emnyama nendaba yokwenqatshwa kwesimo sezulu iyindaba efanayo: izinhlangothi ezimbili zemali eyodwa,” njengoba uSenator wase-United States uSheldon Whitehouse ayichaza ngonyaka odlule inkulumo.

Amasu "okuholwa nguKoch, umsebenzi wokuthenga umthelela" - kufaka phakathi imisebenzi yenkulumo-ze ejikeleza isayensi ngaphandle kokubheka iqiniso - "mhlawumbe yisona sizathu esikhulu esingenayo umthetho-mali ophelele wesimo sezulu eCongress," kusho uWhitehouse.

Ngenkathi la maqhinga elandelelwe kahle emkhakheni wesimo sezulu, okungaxhunywanga kangako iqiniso lokuthi abaxhasi abalandela ukuphika kwesayensi yesimo sezulu baphinde babhalise inethiwekhi yabasebenzi be-PR abakhe imisebenzi yokuphotha isayensi ukuphika ubungozi bezempilo bamakhemikhali anobuthi ekudleni esikudingayo sidle nemikhiqizo esiyisebenzisa nsuku zonke.

Izigxobo ziphakeme empilweni yesizwe sethu. Amanani we- umdlavuza wezingane manje seziphezulu ngama-50% kunangesikhathi lapho “impi yomdlavuza” yaqala emashumini eminyaka adlule, futhi isikhali esihle kunazo zonke asisisebenzisi neze: izinqubomgomo zokunciphisa ukutholakala kwamakhemikhali abangela umdlavuza.

"Uma sifuna ukunqoba impi yomdlavuza, sidinga ukuqala ngamanxusa ayizinkulungwane omzimba namakhemikhali ahlolwe ngangokunokwenzeka, okungenzeka noma aziwa ngama-carcinogens ngabantu yi-International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organisation" kubhala usosayensi nomlobi uDevra U-Lee Davis, PhD, MPH, ku The Hill.

Ukunciphisa amanxusa aziwayo "akuhlangene neze nesayensi, futhi kuningi okuphathelene namandla ezimboni ezinenzuzo enkulu ethembele ebudlelwaneni bomphakathi ukuphikisana nemibiko yesayensi ngobungozi," kusho uDavis.

Ukuvikela amakhemikhali anobuthi nokudla okungenamsoco 

Lapho imikhiqizo ebalulekile embonini yokudla kwamakhemikhali nokudla okungenamsoco ingena enkingeni ngesayensi, kuvela abalingiswa namaqembu abikezelwayo endaweni yesehlakalo, besebenzisa amasu abezindaba agugile ukukhipha izinkampani ezidinga ukukhuthazwa yi-PR.

Amagama abo namasu abawasebenzisayo - izindatshana ezinde eziphikisayo, ezivame ukwenziwa ukuhlaselwa ngabantu - zizokwaziwa ososayensi abaningi, izintatheli kanye nabameli babathengi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngemikhiqizo enobuthi kule minyaka eyi-15 edlule.

Izicelo zamarekhodi womphakathi ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi ezivundulule izinkulungwane zemibhalo, kanye nemibiko yakamuva eyenziwe ngu Greenpeace, The Ngenisa nabanye, bakhanyisa ukukhanya okusha kule nethiwekhi yenkulumo-ze.

Abadlali ababalulekile kubalwa uJon Entine, uTrevor Butterworth, uHenry I. Miller namaqembu axhumene nabo: STATS, Centre for Media and Public Affairs, Genetic Literacy Project, Sense About Science neHoover Institute.

Yize kunemilando ebhalwe kahle njenge-PR operatives, i-Entine, iButterworth neMiller yethulwa njengemithombo yesayensi ebucayi ezinkundleni zokuxhumana eziningi, ezivela Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Newsweek, I-Philadelphia Enquirer, I-Harvard Business Review futhi, bridge ngokuvamile, Forbes - ngaphandle kokudalulwa kwemithombo yabo yezimali noma i-ajenda yokususa umthetho ezimbonini ezingcolisayo ezizikhuthazayo.

Izindatshana zabo zibeka phezulu ekusesheni kweGoogle izinto eziningi eziseqhulwini embonini yamakhemikhali nokudla okungenamsoco - okucindezela ukulandisa kokuthi ama-GMO, izibulala-zinambuzane, amakhemikhali epulasitiki, abashukela esikhundleni sikashukela baphephile, futhi noma ngubani osho okwahlukile ukuthi “uphikisana nesayensi.”

Kwezinye izimo, bathola ithonya njengoba behambisana nezikhungo zokusungula ezifana neBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, iCornell University kanye neYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eDavis.

Kodwa-ke imithombo yabo yezimali ibuyela emuva emibonweni efanayo "yemakethe yamahhala" evela emafutheni kawoyela, ezemithi namakhemikhali axhasa ukwenqaba kwesayensi yezulu - ISearle Freedom Trust, Izisekelo zeScaife, IJohn Templeton Foundation nabanye bahlonzwa njengabaxhasi abakhulu nabangaguquguquki bamaqembu aphika isayensi yezulu, ngokusho kuka Ucwaningo lwe-2013 nguDrexel University isazi sezenhlalo uRobert Brulle, PhD.

Labo abafuna ukuqonda imigomo yenqubomgomo yenethiwekhi yemali emnyama yokuqaqa ukuvikelwa kwezempilo kohlelo lwethu lokudla benza kahle ukubheka lokhu abasakaza inkulumo-ze banamuhla nemiyalezo yabo.

UJon Entine - Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy / STATS

UJon Entine, owayekade eyintatheli, uzibonakalisa njengegunya lokulawula isayensi. Noma kunjalo ubufakazi obanele busikisela ungumsebenzi wobudlelwano bomphakathi obunesikhathi eside enobudlelwano obujulile nezinkampani zamakhemikhali ezihlushwa imibuzo ngezingcuphe zezempilo.

Eminyakeni edlule, u-Entine unakho ehlaselwa Lokhu ososayensi, oprofesa, abaxhasi, abameli futhi izintatheli ngubani ophakamise ukukhathazeka mayelana ukukhwabanisa, amandla enuzi, izibulala-zinambuzane futhi Amakhemikhali esetshenzisiwe amabhodlela ezingane futhi amathoyizi ezingane. Indaba kaMama Jones ka-2012 kaTom Philpott ichaza u-Entine njengo “Umxolisi webhizinisi lezolimo, ”Futhi uGreenpeace uchaza umlando wakhe ku Iwebhusayithi yokubuka iPolluter.

U-Entine manje ungumqondisi we Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, iqembu eligqugquzela ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Isiza sithi asithathi hlangothi, kepha “sakhiwe ngokusobala ukukhuthaza isikhundla semboni futhi asizami ukubheka ukungathathi hlangothi ezindabeni,” kusho uMichael Hansen, PhD, usosayensi omkhulu we-Consumers Union.

"Umyalezo uthi ukwenziwa kwezakhi zofuzo muhle futhi noma ngubani okugxekayo uyimbono esabekayo, kepha lokho akusho ukuthi impikiswano yesayensi ikuphi ngempela."

Faka izimangalo, isibonelo, ukuthi "ukuvumelana kwesayensi mayelana nokuphepha kwe-GMO kunamandla ukwedlula ukufudumala kwembulunga yonke" - isimangalo esiphikiswa yi-World Health Organisation, esithi akunakwenzeka ukwenza izitatimende ezijwayelekile ngokuphepha kwe-GMO, nangamakhulu ososayensi abathi kukhona akukho ukuvumelana kwesayensi kwezokuphepha kwe-GMO.

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project nayo ayizange iveze obala mayelana nokuxhumana kwayo neMonsanto. Njengesibonelo esisodwa, isayithi lishicilele amaphepha amaningi ezifundo ze-pro-GMO ama-imeyili adalula kamuva ukuthi ayenjalo abelwe osolwazi yisiphathimandla seMonsanto esihlinzeke ngezindawo zokukhulumela amaphepha futhi sathembisa ukuthi bampompe baphume yonke indawo i-Internet.

Esinye isibonelo: Abalingani be-Genetic Literacy Project babambisana ne-Academics Review ku- Iphrojekthi Ye-Biotechnology Literacy, izingqungquthela ezisekela izimboni eziqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ngokuthi "zingayifaka kanjani kangcono impikiswano ye-GMO nomphakathi ongabazayo."

"Ukhiye kuzogcina iMonsanto ingemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi."

Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo, okushicilele i- umbiko ngo-2014 behlasela imboni ephilayo, baziveza njengeqembu elizimele, kodwa ama-imeyili embuliwe yasungulwa ngosizo lwesikhulu esiphezulu seMonsanto esathembisa ukuthola imali "kuyilapho iMonsanto igcina ngemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi." Ama-imeyili futhi wabonisa owayengumsunguli we-Academics Review uBruce Chassy wayekade ethola Izimali ezingadalulwanga ezivela eMonsanto nge-University of Illinois Foundation.

Ngakho-ke ngubani oxhasa iPhrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy and Entine?

Ngokusho kwabo iwebhusayithi, inqwaba yemali ivela ezisekelweni ezimbili - iSearle neTempleton - ekhonjwe ku- Ucwaningo lwe-Drexel njengabaxhasi abaphambili bokuphika isayensi yezulu Lesi siza siphinde sibhale uxhaso lweWinkler Family Foundation futhi "sidlule sisekela i-University of California-Davis Biotech Literacy Bootcamp" esivela kwi-Academics Review Charitable Association.

Imithombo yezimali yangaphambilini ibuye ifake abasekeli bokuphika isayensi yezulu kanye nokudluliswa kwemali okungadalulwanga.

IGenetic Literacy Project ne-Entine phambilini bezisebenza ngaphansi kwesambulela seStatistical Assessment Services (STATS), iqembu eliseGeorge Mason University, lapho u-Entine ayengumuntu khona eCentre for Health and Risk Communication kusuka ngo-2011-2014.

I-STATS ixhaswe kakhulu yi-Scaife Foundation neSearle Freedom Trust phakathi kuka-2005 no-2014, ngokusho kophenyo lweGreenpeace Uxhaso lwe-STATS.

UKimberly Dennis, umongameli kanye ne-CEO yeSearle Freedom Trust, futhi ungusihlalo webhodi leDonors Trust, elidume kabi Isikhwama semali esimnyama esixhunywe nguKoch abanikeli babo abangalandelelwa. Ngaphansi kobuholi bukaDennis, iSearle neDonors Trust yathumela imali engama- $ 290,000 ku-STATS ngo-2010, kubika iGreenpeace.

In 2012 futhi 2013, I-STATS ithole izimali ezibolekwe ngenhlangano engudadewabo, iCentre for Media and Public Affairs, okuyi wathola Iminikelo ngaleyo minyaka evela eGeorge Mason University Foundation, okuyi ayivezi imithombo yezimali.

U-Entine uke wazama ukuziqhelelanisa kwesinye isikhathi ne-GLP okuvela kula maqembu; kodwa, amarekhodi entela i-Entine ikhokhelwe u- $ 173,100 yiCentre for Media and Public Affairs ngonyaka ophela ngoJuni 30, 2015.

Nge-2014, ama-imeyili ayabonisa, U-Entine wayezama ukuthola ikhaya elisha le-Genetic Literacy Project, futhi wayefuna ukusungula “ubudlelwano obusemthethweni” ne-University of California, Davis, World Food Centre. Ube ngumuntu oMdala eSikoleni se-Institute for Food and Agricultural Literacy futhi manje ukhomba njengomuntu owayekade esebenza naye. I-GLP manje isingaphansi kwesambulela seqembu elibizwa ngeSayensi Literacy Project.

U-Entine uthe ngeke aphendule imibuzo ngale ndaba.

UTrevor Butterworth - Umuzwa NgeSayensi USA / STATS

UTrevor Butterworth ubethembekile imboni isithunywa iminyaka eminingi, ukuvikela ukuphepha kwemikhiqizo ehlukahlukene eyingozi ebalulekile ezimbonini zamakhemikhali nezokudla okungenamsoco, njenge phthalates, BPA, i-vinyl plastic, isiraphu yengqolowa, ama-sodas anoshukela futhi ubumnandi bokufakelwa. Ungumnikeli wangaphambili ku Newsweek futhi ubhale ukubuyekezwa kwezincwadi ze- Wall Street Journal.

Kusukela ngo-2003 kuya ku-2014, iButterworth ibingumhleli kwa-STATS, ixhaswe kakhulu yi-Scaife Foundation neSearle Freedom Trust. Ngo-2014, waba ngumqondisi wokusungula we Inzwa Mayelana neSayensi USA bese ngigoqa ama-STATS kulelo qembu.

Ukudalulwa kwakamuva kukaLiza Gross ku I-Intercept ichaze iSense About Science, umqondisi wayo uTracey Brown, uButterworth, i-STATS kanye nabasunguli balawo maqembu “njengabaqokiwe abazimele besayensi yomsindo” “abalinganisa izikali embonini.”

I-Sense About Science "izama ukusiza umphakathi onolwazi olungelona iqiniso ukuthi ihlunge izimangalo ezethusayo ngempilo nemvelo" kepha "inomlando ophazamisayo wokuqhakambisa ochwepheshe okuvele ukuthi banezibopho nezimboni ezilawulwayo," kubhala uGross.

"Uma izintatheli zibuza ngokufanele ukuthi ngubani oxhasa ucwaningo ngobungozi be-asbestos, noma amakhemikhali okwenziwa, bazokwelulekwa ukuba bangabaze nobufakazi obuvezwa yiSense About Science kulezi zingxoxo."

I-Sense About Science USA ithunyelwe le mpendulo uButterworth uthe nge-imeyili "udumele ngendaba edukisayo ka-Intercept, ebikhanyisela abantu nezinhlangano ezingaxhumananga neSense About Science USA ndawonye." Uthe iqembu lakhe alithathi mali yezinkampani futhi lizimele ngokusemthethweni kwi-UK Sense About Science.

Uthe futhi, "Angikaze ngihlanganyele emkhankasweni wokuthumela imiyalezo embonini - kunoma yikuphi, ngikhokhelwe noma cha."

Ezinye izintatheli ziphethe ngenye indlela. 

Abathelisi ku I-Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, I-Atlantic futhi I-Consumer Reports uveze uButterworth njengomdlali ophambili emizameni ye-PR enonya embonini yamakhemikhali yokuvikela ikhemikhali iBPA.

Ngo-2009, izintatheli uSusanne Rust noMeg Kissinger be-Journal Sentinel kuchaze iButterworth njengomvikeli we-BPA "othanda kakhulu", kanye nesibonelo "sababhali bezobudlelwano bomphakathi embonini yamakhemikhali" abangakudaluli ukusebenzisana kwabo.

 "Ukuvikelwa kweBPA kumablogi kuvela kuTrevor Butterworth."

STATS, babhala, "Izisholo ukuthi iyinhlangano yabezindaba ezimele" kodwa "ixhaswe izinhlangano zezinqubomgomo zomphakathi ezikhuthaza ukupheliswa komthetho." Inhlangano engudadewabo, iCentre for Media and Public Affairs, "inomlando wokusebenzela izinkampani ezizama ukudlulisa ukukhathazeka ngokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yazo." UButterworth uthe ukubika kwakhe ngeBPA kukhombisa ubufakazi ngaleso sikhathi obuvela emithonjeni egunyaziwe, kanti abakwa STATS bathumele izimpendulo lapha futhi lapha ekubikeni okubucayi.

Isibonelo sakamuva sendlela imibhalo kaButterworth eyadlala ngayo indima enkulu emizamweni yokubambela ezinkampanini yokuhlambalaza isayensi enenkinga ingabonakala emsebenzini wakhe we-sweetener yokufakelwa eyimpikiswano.

Ngo-2012, iButterworth yabhala i- Isihloko seForbes ukugxeka isifundo esiphakamise ukukhathazeka ngengozi yomdlavuza ye-sucralose. Uchaze abacwaningi, uDkt. Morando Soffritti kanye neRamazzini Institute, “njengento yokuhlekisa.”

Ngo-2016, iqembu eliphambili embonini yezokudla lalinendatshana kaButterworth yango-2012 kanye “nento ehlaya” ehlaziya isitatimende sephephandaba ukuhlasela iSoffritti entsha "yokufunda ukwethuka" okuphakamise ukukhathazeka nge-sucralose. Izintatheli ku- The IndependentThe Daily MailTelegraph futhi Deseret News wacosha izingcaphuno zaseButterworth ehlazisa abacwaningi, wamkhomba kuphela njengentatheli yaseForbes.

Ngokunjalo, ngo-2011, iButterworth ibingungoti ovelele kwi-International Sweeteners Association Conference, futhi yafaka isicelo sayo kweyabo isitatimende sephephandaba abukho "ubufakazi bokuba yingozi empilweni" kusuka ku-sucralose. Ukhonjwe "njengentatheli evame ukufaka isandla kwi-Financial Times naseWall Street Journal."

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-USRTK akhombisa ukuthi i-Coca Cola VP URona Applebaum uchaze iButterworth kubaholi beGlobal Energy Balance Network - a Iqembu eliphambili leCoca-Cola sisebenzela ukuphotha isayensi ngokukhuluphala - njengo “umngane wethu”Kanye nentatheli obekade“ukulungele futhi uyakwazi”Ukusebenza nabo. IButterworth ithe ayikaze isebenze nalelo qembu.

IButterworth manje isihlangene neCornell University njenge ovakashele esikanye naye eCornell Alliance for Science, iqembu elasungulwa ngonyaka we-2014 linemali eyisibonelelo esingu- $ 5.6 million yeGates Foundation ukuze khuthaza ama-GMO. Iqembu elixhaswe ngabakwaGates manje selihlanganyela ne-Sense About Science USA kwi-workshop yokufundisa ososayensi abasebasha ukuthi “Yimela iSayensi. "

I-Sense About Science USA nayo isebenza ngokuzibandakanya komphakathi imihlangano yokucobelelana ngolwazi yososayensi ezindaweni ezifana ne-University of Washington, University of Pittsburg, Carnegie Melon, Rockefeller University, Caltech kanye ne-University of Massachusetts, Boston.

UHenry I. Miller - Isikhungo seHoover

UHenry I. Miller, MD, ozakwabo eHoover Institution, ungomunye wabavikeli abanamandla kakhulu wokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nabaphikisi abanonya bokukufaka amalebuli. Ubhale ukuhlaselwa okuningi embonini yezinto eziphilayo, kufaka phakathi i- "The Colossal Hoax of Organic Agriculture" (Forbes), "Ukulima Ngokwemvelo Akusimeme" (Wall Street Journal) kanye ne "Iqiniso elingcolile Mayelana Nemikhiqizo Engokwemvelo" (Newsweek).

UMiller ubhale futhi evikela i- izibulala-zinambuzane ezilimaza izinyosi, amakhemikhali epulasitiki futhi imisebe evela ezikhungweni zamandla enuzi, futhi ubelokhu ephikisana ne ukwenziwa kabusha kwe-DDT. Akaphendulanga ezicelweni zokuphawula ngale ndaba.

Ngokungafani neButterworth ne-Entine, uMiller unesizinda sesayensi kanye nezimpawu zikahulumeni; ungudokotela wezokwelapha futhi wayengumqondisi osungula ihhovisi le-FDA le-biotechnology.

NjengoButterworth no-Entine, uxhaso lukaMiller luvela emaqenjini axhasa ukwenqaba kwesayensi yezulu - iHoover Institute's umxhasi ophezulu yiSarah Scaife Foundation, kanti leli qembu selithathe nemali kwaSearle Freedom Trust, Exxon Mobile, American Chemistry Council, Charles Koch Foundation naseDonors Trust.

Njengabasunguli be I-STATS ne-Sense Mayelana neSayensi, UMiller ubuye abe nobudlelwano nemikhankaso ye-PR embonini kagwayi. Ngonyaka we-1994 Imemo yeqhinga le-PR lenkampani kagwayi uPhillip Morris, UMiller wabizwa ngokuthi "umsekeli oqavile" womkhankaso womhlaba wonke wokulwa nemithetho kagwayi. Ngo-2012, UMiller wabhala leyo nicotine “akukubi kangako kuwe ngamanani ahanjiswa ngogwayi noma imikhiqizo engenantuthu.”

UMiller ubuye abe yilungu "lebhodi lokweluleka ngokwesayensi" le IGeorge C. Marshall Institute, edume kakhulu ngomkhakha wayo kawoyela negesi okhokhela ukwenqabela ukuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu, nowayengumphathiswa we Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, “okuxhomeke kakhulu ekuxhasweni yizinkampani ezinesabelo sezezimali ezingxoxweni zesayensi okuhlose ukubunjwa,” ngokusho kuka umama Jones.

Mhlawumbe ngokubona ukuthi amadoda akhombisayo akuyona imithombo engcono kakhulu yokuthonya abesifazane abathenga ukudla, uMiller usanda kwabelana ngama-byline nabesifazane abasifazane abajoyine ukuhlasela kwakhe abameli bezempilo kanye nabalimi abaphilayo.

Izibonelo zifaka isiqeshana esibhalwe ngokuhlanganyela noKavin Senapathy, umsunguli we- iqembu lokho kuzama phazamisa imicimbi yokukhuluma kwabagxeki be-GMO, isihloko esithi “Shala Izishoshovu; ” futhi eyodwa nge UJulie Kelly, uthisha wokupheka onomyeni wakhe olwela amalungelo enkampani enkulu yezolimo i-ADM, echaza ezolimo eziphilayo njenge “umbuso omubi. "

Umsebenzi wakamuva kaKelly ufaka isiqeshana ku- Buyekeza National kufaka ukungabaza kubaphenyi besayensi yesimo sezulu, nendatshana eku- The Hill enxenxa iCongress ukuthi ibuyisele imali i-International Agency for Research on Cancer, ayisola "ngokuhlanganiswa komdlavuza" kanye "nokusebenzisa isayensi engaqondakali ukuthuthukisa uhlelo oluthinta ezepolitiki."

Njengoba singena eshumini leminyaka lesihlanu lokulahlekelwa yimpi yomdlavuza, futhi njengoba ukungazinzi kwesimo sezulu kusongela imvelo kanye nohlelo lwethu lokudla, sekuyisikhathi sokuqaqa inethiwekhi yabaphikisi besayensi abathi babanga isembatho sesayensi futhi sibadalule ukuthi bayini: abasabalalisi bezindaba abenza lokho umsebenzi ongcolile wemboni.

Lo mbhalo ushicilelwe ekuqaleni ku Isazi sezinto eziphilayo.

UStacy Malkan ungumsunguli futhi ungumqondisi obambisene weqembu elingenzi nzuzo lomqapha womphakathi Ilungelo le-US Lokwazi. Ungumbhali wencwadi ethi “Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry,” ongomunye wabasunguli bomkhankaso kazwelonke we-Safe Cosmetics nowake waba ngumshicileli wephephandaba.

Isikhungo Senkululeko Yabathengi - amaqiniso asemqoka

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Isifinyezo

* Yaqalwa ngonyaka we-1995 njenge-Guest Choice Network

* UPhillip Morris unikeze le nhlangano imali eyi- $ 600,000 ngemali yezimbewu

* Indawo yokudlela, izimali zenkampani kagwayi zasetshenziselwa ukulwa nokuvinjelwa kokubhema ezindaweni zokudlela

* Izindleko ezingaphezu kuka-40% ezihanjiselwe isitolo sokunxenxa uCenter for Consumer Freedom (CCF) uRick Berman

* Izinkokhelo eziya enkampanini yokubamba iqhaza eBerman ziholele iCharity Navigator ukuthumela ukwelulekwa kwabaxhasi ngeCCF

* ISIKHATHI: Ukuhlaselwa Kwenhlangano Yezabasebenzi "okushaya kancane"

Isikhungo Sokukhululeka Kwabathengi Ekuqaleni Sikhokhelwa Izimboni Zikagwayi Nezokudlela Ukulwa Nokuvinjelwa Kokubhema Ezitolo Zokudlela

Ngokusho the Washington Post, iCentre for Consumer Freedom - ngaleso sikhathi eyayibizwa ngokuthi iGuest Choice Network - ekuqaleni yayixhaswe ngemali “yenkampani kagwayi neyokudlela ukuze kuliwe nemingcele yokubhema ezindaweni zokudlela.”

The Thumela ibike ukuthi "uPhilip Morris USA Inc. wathembisa u- $ 600,000 - iningi lemali yembewu - eqenjini likaBerman ngo-1995. Inkampani yathi idinga umxhumanisi owayengumboni ophakathi nendawo '' futhi '' eqoqwe njengengxenye yenkantolo yamazwe amaningi emelene nezinkampani zikagwayi. ” [Washington Post, 4 / 27 / 05]

ISIKHATHI yabika ngo-2013 ukuthi leli qembu laxhaswa yimali evela kuPhilip Morris, futhi ladalelwa ukuthuthukisa “amalungelo ababhemayo” ezimbonini zokudlela nezokungenisa izihambi. [ISIKHATHI, 8 / 12 / 13]

Kusukela Izimpande Ezikhokhelwa Ugwayi, I-CCF Iselulekele Kwezinye Izindawo Ezithandekayo Zokuthakazelisa

Ngemuva kokushintshwa kwegama layo laba yiCentre for Consumer Freedom ngo-2001, iWashington Post yabika ukuthi “yagxila kakhulu ezindabeni zokudla neziphuzo, yaphakanyiswa ukukhathazeka ngokukhuluphala, isifo sezinkomo ezihlanyayo nemikhiqizo eguqulwe izakhi zofuzo.” [Washington Post, 4 / 27 / 05]

ISIKHATHI yabika ngo-2013 ukuthi i-CCF yandile ukukhuthaza ukusetshenziswa kwenyama, kanye nokuphikisana nobufakazi besayensi ngobungozi be-mercury ne-high fructose corn syrup. [ISIKHATHI, 8 / 12 / 13]

Izindleko ezingaphezu kuka-40% zeCCF zaya eBerman naseNkampanini kusukela ngo-2002-2012

Ithebula elingezansi lichaza izindleko eziphelele ze-CCF kanye nesinxephezelo esikhokhelwe yi-CCF kuBerman naseNkampani kusukela ngonyaka wentela ka-2002 kuya onyakeni wentela ka-2012.

Ngaleso sikhathi, ngaphezu kuka-40% wazo zonke izindleko zeCCF zaya eBerman naseNkampanini, kwathi kuleyo minyaka emihlanu (2002, 2007, 2008, 2010 nango-2011) imali engaphezu kwengxenye yezindleko zeCCF yaya eBerman naseNkampanini.

IntelaUnyaka UbudeIzindleko Isinxephezelo ku- UBerman neNkampani % Yezindleko eziya ku-UBerman neNkampani
2012 $ 1,024,582 $ 246,874 24.10%
2011 $ 2,121,780 $ 1,294,488 61.01%
2010 $ 2,640,780 $ 1,682,126 63.70%
2009 $ 8,831,659 $ 1,461,597 16.55%
2008 $ 1,594,299 $ 1,043,604 65.46%
2007 $ 1,951,753 $ 1,562,280 80.04%
2006 $ 3,291,050 $ 1,190,512 36.17%
2005 $ 3,818,769 $ 1,623,186 42.51%
2004 $ 3,246,452 $ 1,435,056 44.20%
2003 $ 2,752,519 $ 1,252,344 45.50%
2002 $ 1,970,803 $ 1,044,553 53.00%
TOTAL $ 33,244,446 $ 13,836,620 41.62%

[I-CCF IRS Form 990 filings]

Izinkokhelo ezeqile zeCCF eziya eBerman Led Charity Navigator Ukukhipha Iseluleko Sabanikeli

ICharity Navigator, umhloli wokuzimela omkhulu kunabo bonke waseMelika, njengamanje unoMeluleki Wabanikeli maqondana neCCF.

Ekwelulekeni, iCharity Navigator iveze ukuthi ukuhlaziywa kwabo kweFomu 2011 le-CCF lika-990 kwaveza ukuthi iningi lezindleko zeCCF zakhokhelwa iBerman kanye neNkampani, nokuthi “sithola umkhuba wenkontileka yokupha esiza izinsizakalo zokuphatha ngebhizinisi eliphethwe yilelo Isikhulu esiphezulu senkampani esiza abantulayo sisebenza kabi uma siqhathaniswa nezinye izinkampani ezisiza umphakathi ezisizayo. ” [Iseluleko sabanikeli beCharity Navigator]

Umlando Omude Wokwenza Ukuhlaselwa Kamanga Ngezinhlangano Ezihlonishwayo

ICentre for Consumer Freedom inomlando omude wokwenza ukuhlasela okungelona iqiniso nokungaqondakali kwezinhlangano ezihlonishwayo, kubandakanya iHumane Society, Mothers Against Drunk Driving kanye neTrout Unlimited.

UBerman uthi amaqembu anjalo "aneqembu elinodlame kuwo." [Washington Post, 4 / 27 / 05]

ISIKHATHI: Ukuhlaselwa Kwenhlangano Yezobuntu “Ukushaya Okuncane”

Ngo-Agasti 2013, ISIKHATHI ibike ngokuxhaswa kweCCF ngezikhangiso ezihlasela iHumane Society.

Lezi zikhangiso zithi yi-1% kuphela yemali engenayo yeNhlangano yoMphakathi eya ezindaweni zokukhosela zendawo, ukuhlaselwa ISIKHATHI ebizwa ngokuthi "ukushaywa okuphansi." [ISIKHATHI, 8 / 12 / 13]