Ukukhushulwa okungalungile, okukhohlisayo kukaMark Lynas kwe-ajenda yezolimo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UMark Lynas uyintatheli wangaphambilini waphenduka ummeli wokuphromotha wokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane owenza izimangalo ezinganembile ngaleyo mikhiqizo esakhiweni sakhe IGates Foundation exhaswa ngemali yiCornell Alliance for Science. Izindlu eCornell University kusukela ngonyaka we-2014, ICornell Alliance for Science ngumkhankaso wobudlelwano nomphakathi eqeqesha abakhulumayo futhi yakhe amanethiwekhi wethonya, ikakhulukazi emazweni ase-Afrika, ukukhuthaza ukwamukelwa kwama-GMO nemikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Ososayensi, ongoti bezokudla bathi uLynas akalungile kwisayensi

Ososayensi nabachwepheshe bezinqubomgomo zokudla bagxeke uLynas ngokwenza izitatimende ezinganembile nezingahambisani nesayensi emizamweni yakhe yokukhuthaza izintshisekelo zebhizinisi lezolimo. Njengesibonelo esisodwa, izifundiswa zangena ngoJulayi 2020 esihlokweni ULynas ubhalele iCornell Alliance for Science ethi i-agroecology "inobungozi bokulimaza abampofu." Abagxeki bachaza udaba lukaLynas ngokuthi “ukuchazwa kwedemagogic kanye nokungekhona kwesayensi kwephepha lesayensi”Kanye ne-“ukuhlaziywa okuyiphutha ngempela”Ukuthi“ngephutha uhlanganisa ukongiwa kwe-agroecology bese enza iziphetho zasendle. "

Isazi sezolimo nomhlaba uMarc Corbeels, iphepha lakhe uLynas okwakuthiwa uzolichaza kule ndatshana, uthe uLynas wenza “ukwenziwa okwandile. ” UMarcus Taylor, isazi semvelo sezepolitiki eQueen's University, ucele ukuthi kuhoxiswe; “Into efanele ukuyenza kungaba khipha ucezu lwakho olunamaphutha kakhulu lokho kudida izinto eziyisisekelo ngamasu ezolimo, ”kusho uTaylor kuTwitter. Uchaze lo mbhalo ngokuthi “Imibono emsulwa” kanye “nehlazo kumuntu ofuna ukuzibiza 'ngokwesayensi'. ”  

Ukuhlaziywa okuningi kososayensi nabachwepheshe bezinqubomgomo ngomsebenzi kaLynas (kugcizelela okwethu):

  • “Ngingasho ngokusobala ukuthi akukho ukuvumelana kwesayensi mayelana nokuphepha kwe-GMO nokuthi iningi lezitatimende (zikaLynas) zingamanga, ” ubhale uDavid Schubert, PhD, Head, Cellular Neurobiology Laboratory & Professor e-The Salk Institute, encwadini ayibhalele ISan Diego Union Tribune.
  • “Nayi eminye imikhakha ye- amaphuzu angalungile noma alahlekisayo uLynas akwenzayo mayelana nesayensi noma ukuthuthukiswa kwe-GE, ”kubhala uDoug Gurian-Sherman, PhD, owayengusosayensi omkhulu, Inyunyana Yososayensi Abakhathazekile. “Esikhundleni sokuphikisana noma ukuxoxa ngesayensi yangempela, uLynas uphonsa iziphakamiso futhi usebenzise ukuthembela egunyeni kunedatha noma ucwaningo. " 
  • Izimangalo zikaLynas mayelana nokuqiniseka kokuphepha kwe-GMO “akunasayensi, akunangqondo futhi akunangqondo, ” ngokusho kukaBelinda Martineau, PhD, unjiniyela wezakhi zofuzo owasiza ekwakheni ukudla kokuqala kwe-GMO (bheka incwadi eya ku-NYT futhi I-Biotech Salon).
  • Ekubuyekezweni Incwadi kaLynas Imbewu Yesayensi, isazi semvelaphi yabantu uGlenn Davis Stone uchaze le ncwadi njenge “ukuvuselelwa kabusha kwamaphuzu okuxoxa embonini evamile. ” 
  • "The Uhlu lokuhlanjwa kwezimpahla lwalokho uMark Lynas okungahambanga kahle ngakho kokubili ama-GMO nesayensi lubanzi, futhi iphikisiwe ngephuzu ngabathile abahola phambili emhlabeni izazi ngezolimo futhi izazi zezinto eziphilayo,”Kubhala u-Eric Holt-Giménez, PhD, owayengumqondisi weFood First, ku I-Huffington Post.
  • UMark Lynas une “wenza umsebenzi ophume…" kubhale uThimothewu A. Wise, owayengumqondisi wocwaningo eGlobal Development and Environment Institute eTufts University.
  • "Ukulandisa kukaLynas kungamanga,”Ngokusho kuka- Ukukhishwa kwe-2018 kusuka e-African Centre for Biodiversity, iqembu elizinze eNingizimu Afrika. 
  • “Maka Izimangalo zikaLynas zibonisa ukungazi okujulile kwezesayensi, noma umzamo osebenzayo wokwenza ukungabaza. Kufanele ungamnaki, ” uthumele uPete Myers, PhD, usosayensi omkhulu e-Environmental Health Sciences, umshicileli we-EHN.org.

Amaqhinga 'okukhohlisayo, adukisayo futhi angenasimiso' 

Amaqembu azinze e-Afrika athi uLynas usemelele kabi amaqiniso amaningi ukuthuthukisa uhlelo lwezombusazwe. Ngokombiko wangoDisemba 2018 yi-African Centre for Biodiversity, Lynas kanye neCornell Alliance for Science basebenzise izithombe zabalimi base-Afrika ngaphandle kolwazi nemvume yabo, bexhaphaza izithombe ngezindlela ezidukisayo zokuthi abalimi badinga ama-GMO.

ULynas usebenzise lesi sithombe somlimi waseTanzania, uNkk. R, ngaphandle komongo futhi ngaphandle kwemvume yakhe.

Njengesibonelo esisodwa, uLynas wabhala lesi sithombe somlimi waseTanzania, uNkk. R, ngaphandle kwemvume nangaphandle komongo, esikisela ukuthi uyisisulu “sokungabi nabulungisa emhlabeni wonke.” UNkk. R empeleni ungumlimi ophumelelayo futhi olwela izindlela zokulima kanye nokuziphilisa kahle, ngokusho kombiko we-ACBio. Ucele uLynas ukuthi asuse isithombe sakhe, kodwa uhlala kwi-feed yakhe ye-twitter. I-ACBio ithe embikweni wayo ukuthi amaqhinga kaLynas “eqe umugqa obomvu wokuziphatha futhi kumele ayeke.”  

Iqembu elibusa ukudla nalo kusho ekukhululweni kwezindaba ukuthi uLynas "unomlando wokwenza ububi eTanzania" ngomkhakha wezokuvikela imboni ye-biotech. “Ukuhambela kwakhe kuleli kuhlelwe kahle yindawo yokwamukela izivakashi, esebenzisa izinkundla ezifana nemihlangano ejwayelekile ye-Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa (OFAB), lapho abezindaba bekhona khona bezobika ngezinkulumo zakhe. Ukuhlasela kwakhe bekuqondiswe kakhulu emithethweni yezwe yokuvikela ukuphepha, ikakhulukazi indlela yayo yokuvikela kanye nemibandela eqinile yezikweletu. ”

I-Alliance for Food Ubukhosi (i-AFSA), umfelandawonye omele amaqembu abalimi angama-35 nabathengi e-Afrika yonkana, nayo isole uLynas ngokugqugquzela “izethembiso ezingamanga, ukumelwa kabi, namanye amaqiniso. ” Kundatshana ka-2018, bachaze uLynas "njengongqondongqondo" ongahloniphi abantu base-Afrika, amasiko namasiko abo. "

Imiyalezo yokubulala izinambuzane isuselwa kumaphoyinti okukhuluma embonini, hhayi isayensi

Esinye isibonelo sokubika okunganembile kukaLynas ngesakhe Isihloko se-2017 i-Cornell Alliance for Science ehlasela i-ejensi yomdlavuza ye-World Health Organisation ngokubika i-glyphosate iyingozi yomdlavuza womuntu. U-Lynas wathi lo mbiko wophiko lochwepheshe "kwakuwukuzingelwa kwabathakathi" kanye "nokuhlanekezelwa okusobala kwezesayensi nobulungiswa bemvelo," okwakuhlelwe abantu abanqotshwe "ukuthukuthela nemizwelo." Uthe i-glyphosate "iyikhemikhali elibi kakhulu kwezolimo emhlabeni." 

A hlola iqiniso yi-US Right to Know uthole ukuthi uLynas wenza izimpikiswano ezifanayo ezidukisayo nezinamaphutha futhi wathembela emithonjeni efanayo emibili enamaphutha njengebhulogi eyathunyelwa ngenyanga edlule yi Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu iMonsanto lalikhokha ukusiza ukuvikela i-glyphosate neminye imikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Ekuphakamiseni icala lakhe ukuthi "amaqembu ezishoshovu ahlukumeza isayensi futhi abeka eceleni inqubomgomo esuselwa ebufakazini ku-glyphosate saga," u-Lynas akagcinanga ngokuthembela ezimpikiswaneni nasezimbonini, kodwa futhi wabushaya indiva ubufakazi obuningi, obabikwa kabanzi kwabezindaba, ukuthi iMonsanto ilawula ukubuyekezwa kwesayensi nokulawula ku-glyphosate amashumi eminyaka usebenzisa amaqhinga okucasha kufaka phakathi izifundo zokubhala ghost futhi izihloko, izifundo zokubulala, ukucindezela isayensi engabazisayo, ukuhlasela ososayensi futhi izinhlangano zokulawula ezinamandla ngenhloso yokuvikela inzuzo yayo kumikhiqizo esekwe ku-glyphosate. 

Kukhuthazwe, kuxhumene nenethiwekhi yezimboni zezibulala-zinambuzane

Izinkampani zezolimo kanye nemisebenzi yazo yezobudlelwano bomphakathi zivame ukukhuthaza uMark Lynas nomsebenzi wakhe. Bona isibonelo Iwebhusayithi kaMonsanto, ama-tweets amaningi wokuphromotha ngomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane amaqembu okuhweba, amaqembu okubungaza, pro-umkhakha izifundiswa futhi abalobi, Futhi various Monsanto abasebenzi, kanye nenqwaba yama-athikili kaLynas kukhuthazwe ngu Iphrojekthi Yezofuzo, a iqembu le-propaganda ababambisana neMonsanto.

ILynas neCornell Alliance for Science nabo bayasebenzisana nabanye ababambe iqhaza kwinethiwekhi yezokuphepha kanye nenkulumo-ze yomkhakha wezolimo.

Iluleka iqembu labalingani beMonsanto i-Sense About Science

Imfihlo Uhlelo lweMonsanto PR yangomhla kaFebhuwari 2015 yaphakamisa Umuzwa Ngezesayensi njengeqembu elingasiza ekuholeni impendulo yomkhakha kwabezindaba ukudicilela phansi umbiko womdlavuza we-WHO nge-glyphosate. ULynas ukhonza ku- umkhandlu wokweluleka ye-Sense Mayelana neSayensi. I-Intercept ibikile ngo-2016 lokho "I-Sense About Science ayivezi ngaso sonke isikhathi lapho imithombo yayo yezindaba eziyimpikiswano ingososayensi abanobudlelwano nezimboni ezihlolwayo," futhi "kwaziwa ukuthi bathatha izikhundla ezingavumelani nesayensi noma ezichithe ubufakazi obuvelayo bokulimala." Umuzwa Ngezesayensi abambisene neCornell Alliance for Science ukunikeza "ukubonisana kwezibalo zezintatheli" ngomqondisi weqembu UTrevor Butterworth, ochazwe yizintatheli njengo “imboni yamakhemikhali umbhali wobudlelwano bomphakathi.

Related: IMonsanto ithembele kulaba "abalingani" ukuhlasela ososayensi abaphezulu bomdlavuza

Kuhlanganiswe nesayensi yezulu ukugxeka ukuqalisa i-pro-fracking, pro-nuke, GMO “movement”

U-Lynas uzibiza ngomunye wabasunguli “bokunyakaza” “kwe-ecomodernism,” uhlobo oluhambisanayo lwenkampani “lwezemvelo” umlobi waseBrithani uGeorge Monbiot aluchaza ngokuthi “aluthathi zinyathelo zepolitiki ukuvikela umhlaba wemvelo.” Abakwa-eco-modernists bakhuthaza ukuthosiwe, amandla enuzi nemikhiqizo yezolimo njengezixazululo zemvelo. Ngokusho kwabaholi be-eco-modernist UTed Nordhaus noMichael Shellenberger we-Breakthrough Institute, ubuchwepheshe bamandla obuthandwa ngabazalwane besigidigidi samafutha uKoch “benza okungaphezulu kakhulu ekunciphiseni ukukhishwa kwegesi ebamba ukushisa kunalabo abathandwa yiLeft-apocalyptic Left.” 

Ku-a wehlulekile umcimbi wokuqalisa kwe-ecomodernism ngoSepthemba 2015, uLynas wazihlanganisa no-Owen Paterson, ovelele ophika isayensi yezulu e-UK ngubani kunciphise imali ngemizamo yokulungiselela izwe ukufudumala komhlaba ngesikhathi esengunobhala wezemvelo. Ngenyanga efanayo, uPaterson ukhulume eCornell Alliance for Science, lapho ephakamisa khona ama-GMO nge-hyperbolic inkulumo igcwaliswe nge izimangalo ezingasekelwa, futhi wasola abezemvelo ngokuvumela izingane ukuba zife e-Afrika. "Imikhankaso eluhlaza eyizigidigidi ibulala izingane ezihlwempu," kusho u-a isihloko ukubika ngenkulumo kaPaterson's Cornell evela eMkhandlwini WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nempilo, a iqembu langaphambili iMonsanto lalikhokha ukuvikela imikhiqizo yayo. 

Isendlalelo sikaMark Lynas

ULynas wabhala izincwadi eziningana ngokuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu (enye yazo yamukelwa yiRoyal Society) ngaphambi kokuba akhange umhlaba wonke "Ukuguqulwa" kusuka kwisishoshovu se-anti-GMO kumgqugquzeli wobuchwepheshe ngenkulumo ekhuthazwa kabanzi yango-2013 e-Oxford ethi abagxekayo babe kuchazwe njengo ukudukisa. Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ngalowo nyaka uLynas waba ngumuntu eCornell University Office of International Programs eKolishi Lezolimo neLife Sciences, waqala usebenzela iCornell Alliance for Science, umkhankaso wezokuxhumana owenziwe ngonyaka we-2014 wokukhuthaza ama-GMO nge imali evela eGates Foundation.

Bheka: Kungani iCornell University ibamba umkhankaso we-GMO propaganda?

ULynas wazibiza ngokuthi "ungumqondisi wezepolitiki" weCornell Alliance for Science kwiNew York Times yango-2015 i-op-ed. ICornell Alliance for Science ayichazi ukuthi luyini uhlelo lwayo lwezepolitiki, kepha imiyalezo kanye nezinhloso zeqembu zilandelela eduze uhlelo lwezohwebo lomkhakha wezolimo: ukukhulisa ukwamukelwa kwezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane emhlabeni jikelele, ikakhulukazi e-Afrika.

I-Mysterious Lynas PR push, futhi yavuza imemo ye-EuropaBio

Ukusatshalaliswa okukhulu kwabezindaba ngokuguqulwa kukaLynas 'pro-GMO ngo-2013 kwaphakamisa izinsolo zokuthi umkhankaso we-PR wemboni wawusiza ukumphakamisa ekusithekeni. A idalulwe imemo ka-2011 okuvela enkampanini yePR yomkhakha - echaza ngezinhlelo zokuqasha “amanxusa” asezingeni eliphakeme ukunxenxa ukwamukelwa kweGMO - kwandisa izinsolo zokusekelwa kwezimboni ngoba lo mbhalo uqambe igama elithi Lynas. Uthe iqembu akakaze asondele kuye.

Ngokombiko othile Umbiko Guardian, I-EuropaBio, iqembu lezokuhweba elinamalungu alo afaka phakathi iMonsanto neBayer, lihlele ukuqasha amanxusa e-PR ukusiza abenzi bezinqumo "ukucabanga kabusha ngesimo seYurophu ngezitshalo zeGM." Amanxusa abengeke akhokhelwe ngqo kodwa azothola izindleko zokuhamba kanye "nokuxhaswa kokuxhumana okuzinikele" okuvela embonini yezimali. Isikhulu senkampani i-PR sathi "sinentshisekelo" kuLynas, phakathi kwabanye, endimeni yenxusa. ULynas uphikile ukuthi unokuxhumana nabo. "Angikaze ngicelwe ukuthi ngibe yinxusa, futhi angizokwamukela isicelo esinjalo uma ngicelwa," etshela iGuardian.

IGates Foundation, ama-GMO neMonsanto

IBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, umxhasi oyinhloko weCornell Alliance for Science no $ 12 wezigidi kwizibonelelo, igxekiwe ngamasu ayo oxhaso lokuthuthukisa ezolimo axhasa ama-ajenda ebhizinisi lezolimo. A Ukuhlaziywa kwe-2014 okuvela eqenjini locwaningo IGRAIN ithole ukuthi iGates Foundation ichithe iningi lezimali zayo zokuthuthukisa ezolimo “ukondla abampofu e-Afrika” - cishe ama- $ 3 billion asetshenziswe ngaphezu kweminyaka eyishumi - fundisa ososayensi nabaphenyi emazweni acebile. Le mali isiza nasekuthengeni ithonya lezepolitiki kulo lonke elase-Afrika, kubika i-GRAIN. A Umbiko we-2016 weqembu lokukhuthaza i-Global Justice Now uphethe ngokuthi amasu okuthuthukisa ezolimo eGates Foundation “abhebhethekisa ukungalingani komhlaba wonke futhi agxilisa amandla ezinkampani emhlabeni jikelele.”

IGates Foundation inwebe kakhulu imali yayo yamaphrojekthi wezolimo eminyakeni eyishumi eyedlule lapho uRob Horsch, Inhloko yangaphambili kaMonsanto yentuthuko yamazwe omhlaba ijoyine ukuthuthukiswa kwezolimo kwesisekelo ithimba lobuholi. Incwadi entsha kaLynas ethi “Seeds of Science” ichitha isahluko (“The True History of Monsanto”) izama ukuchaza ezinye zezono zenkampani edlule nokudumisa uRob Horsch isikhathi eside. Sichitha esinye isahluko (“i-Afrika: Bayeke Badle Ummbila Wezingane Oyingqayizivele”) siphikisa ngokuthi abantu base-Afrika badinga imikhiqizo yezimboni zezolimo ukuze bazondle.

Ukugxekwa kwendlela yeGates Foundation yekoloniyalizim e-Afrika

  • Imbewu Ye-Neo-Colonialism: Kungani Abagqugquzeli be-GMO Bakuthola Kubi Kangaka Nge-Afrika, isitatimende ngu Umbutho Wobumbano Lokudla e-Afrika, 5/7/2018
  • Ngabe amaGates noRockefeller basebenzisa ithonya labo ukusetha i-ajenda emazweni ampofu?"Ucwaningo lukhomba izisekelo zikaBill noMelinda Gates kanye neRockefeller phakathi kwabanikeli abacebile abasondelene nohulumeni futhi okungenzeka ukuthi bathanda izinto eziseqhulwini," nguJohn Vidal, Tyena Guardian, 1/15/2016
  • Amandla Wentuthuko Nokuthuthuka. Ngubani owenza i-ajenda? nguJens Martens noKarolin Seitz, Umbiko ka-2015 (ikhasi 48).
  • I-Philanthrocapitalism: Izinhlelo ze-Gates Foundation zase-Afrika aziwona usizo, nguPhilip L Bereano, uSolwazi Emeritus e-University of Washington, Ukuvuselelwa Komhlaba Kwesithathu, 2017
  • IBill Gates Isiza KFC Ukuthatha i-Afrika, ngu-Alex Park, Umama Jones, 1/10/2014
  • IGates Foundation's Agenda Agenda e-Afrika 'Olunye Uhlobo Lobukoloniyali,' Kuxwayisa Ababhikishi, nguLauren McCauley, Amaphupho ajwayelekile, 3/23/2015
  • IGates Foundation ihola phambili ekuphangweni kwezolimo e-Afrika, nguColin Todhunter, Isazi Semvelo, 1/21/2016
  • Ngabe iGates Foundation iyisebenzisa kanjani imali yayo ukondla umhlaba?Umbiko wokusanhlamvu, 2014
  • UBill Gates usemkhankasweni wokuthengisa ama-GMO e-Afrika, kepha akalikhulumi lonke iqiniso, nguStacy Malkan, Okunye, 3/24/2016

Isithangami Esizimele Sabesifazane: Iqembu Elikhokhelwa yi-Koch Livikela I-Pesticide, Amafutha, Izimboni Zogwayi

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

The Inkundla Yabesifazane Ezimele iyinhlangano engenzi nzuzo leyo abalingani neMonsanto, ivikela amakhemikhali anobuthi ekudleni nasemikhiqizweni yabathengi, futhi iphikisana nemithetho enganciphisa amandla ezinkampani. Ixhaswe kakhulu yizisekelo ezinamaphiko angakwesokudla eziphoqa ukuphika kwesayensi yezulu, IMF kwaqala ngo-1991 njengomzamo wokuvikela manje iNkantolo Ephakeme Yobulungiswa (nowayengummeli waseMonsanto) UClarence Thomas njengoba ayebhekene namacala okuhlukumeza ngokocansi. Ku-2018, iqembu futhi ivikelekile INkantolo Ephakeme iJustice Brett Kavanaugh ngesikhathi ebhekene nezinsolo zokuhlukumeza ngokocansi, futhi uchaze uKavanaugh njengo “Umpetha wabesifazane."

Bona: “Hlangana 'Nabesifazane' Abenza Umsebenzi Ongcolile Wabazalwane baseKoch, ” nguJoan Walsh, The Nation 

With isabelomali cishe ama- $ 2 million ngonyaka, i-Independent Women 's Forum manje ithi isebenzela izinqubomgomo “ezithuthukisa inkululeko.” Izinhlelo zayo zifaka phakathi ukunxenxa nokukhuthaza ukwesulwa kwemikhiqizo enobuthi, nokususa icala ekulimaleni kwezempilo nezemvelo kude nezinhlangano ezingcolisayo kanye nasezibophezelweni zomuntu siqu. Ngo-2017, iqembu i-gala yaminyaka yonke eWashington DC, ebigubha ilungu lebhodi le-IWF uKellyanne Conway njengompetha wabesifazane, ibixhaswe yizinkampani zamakhemikhali nezogwayi.

Funda kabanzi ngaleli gala nabaxhasi balo kuHuffPost, “Ipolitiki Yokungazali Nomdlavuza, ”NguStacy Malkan. 

Ukuxhaswa ngezimali ngamabhiliyoni ezinhlangano nezinkampani

Iningi labanikeli abaziwayo be-Independent Women Forum ngabesilisa, njengoLisa Graves kubikwe iCentre for Media and Democracy. I-IWF ithole ngaphezulu kwe- $ 15 million kusuka ezisekelweni ezinamaphiko angakwesokudla ezikhuthaza ukwehliswa kwemithetho kanye nokuzimela kwenkampani, ngokusho kuka idatha eqoqwe yiGreenpeace USA. Abanikeli abahamba phambili be-IWF, neminikelo engaphezu kwezigidi ezingama- $ 5, yiDonors Trust kanye neDonors Capital Funds, izimali eziyimfihlo "zemali emnyama" ixhunywe namafutha kawoyela UCharles noDavid Koch. Lezi zimali zixhuma imali evela kubaxhasi abangaziwa, kufaka phakathi izinkampani, ukuze amaqembu avela eceleni alwela intshisekelo yebhizinisi.

Umxhasi ophezulu we-IWF: imali emnyama evela kubaxhasi abangadalulwanga

Izisekelo zomndeni wakwaKoch zinikele ngqo ngaphezu kwe- $ 844,115 kanti abanye abaxhasi abaphezulu bafaka iSarah ISchaife Foundation, lo Isisekelo seBradley, iRandolph Foundation (ihlumela le- Isisekelo seRichardson), Futhi ISearle Freedom Trust - bonke abaxhasi abahola phambili be- ukuphika kwesimo sezulu-nesayensi imizamo nemikhankaso yoku vikela izibulala-zinambuzane futhi uzigcine zingalawulwa. 

I-ExxonMobil futhi UFiliphu Morris futhi baxhase i-IWF, kanye nefemu kagwayi ebizwa nge-IWF ohlwini lwamagama “izinkomba ezivela eceleni"Futhi"labo abahlonipha imibono yethu. ” URush Limbaugh unikele okungenani ngekota yesigidi ku-IWF, okuyi "uyamvikela noma nini lapho engena ocansini lobulili, ”Ngokusho kwendatshana ka-Eli Clifton kuThe Nation.

Abaholi be-IWF

UHeather Richardson Higgins, Sihlalo weBhodi ye-IWF kanye ne-CEO yeZwi Elizimele Labesifazane, ingalo yokubungaza ye-IWF, ubambe izikhundla eziphezulu ezisekelweni eziningi ezinamaphiko okudla, kufaka phakathi IRandolph Foundation, lo USmith Richardson Foundation futhi Ubuhle obuyindilinga.

UKellyanne Conway, Umeluleki weWhite House nowayengumphathi womkhankaso kaTrump, uyi Ilungu lebhodi le-IWF. Abaqondisi I-Emeritae Faka ULynne V. Cheney, unkosikazi kaDick Cheney futhi UKimberly O. Dennis, umongameli webhodi labaqondisi be Abaxhasi Trust nomongameli kanye ne-CEO ye ISearle Freedom Trust.

UNancy M. Pfotenhauer, owayekade eyisishoshovu seKoch Industries, washiya amaKoch Industries ukuba abe umongameli we-IWF ngo-2001 futhi kamuva wasebenza njengeSekela likaSihlalo weBhodi Yabaqondisi be-IWF. Unomlando omude we ukugqugquzela amandla angcolile nokuphokophela ukwehliswa kwemithetho yezimboni ezingcolisayo.

I-ajenda ye-IWF ilandela eduze uhlelo lokunxenxa nokuthumela imiyalezo ngezintshisekelo zemboni kagwayi, uwoyela kanye namakhemikhali. Okulandelayo ezinye zezibonelo:

Iphika isayensi yezulu

A 2019 i-tweet ne-athikili ovela kwi-Independent Women Forum uncoma uMengameli uTrump “ngobuhlakani” ngokungathathi izinyathelo ukunqanda ukuguquka kwesimo sezulu. 

Greenpeace ichaza i-IWF njenge- "Koch Industries Climate Denial Group" lokho “okusakaze ukwaziswa okungelona iqiniso ngesayensi yesimo sezulu futhi kuthinta nomsebenzi wabaphikisi besimo sezulu.” 

UJane Mayer ubike The New Yorker ngo-2010: “Abazalwane (bakaKoch) banikele ngemali emaqenjini angacacile, futhi, njenge-Independent Women Forum, ephikisana nokwethulwa kwesivuvujikelele njengeqiniso lesayensi ezikoleni zomphakathi zaseMelika. Kuze kube ngo-2008, leli qembu laliqhutshwa nguNancy Pfotenhauer, owayekade eyisishoshovu seKoch Industries. UMary Beth Jarvis, iphini likamongameli wenkampani ephethwe yiKoch, usebhodini laleli qembu. ”

Uphikisana nokufundiswa kwesayensi yezulu ezikoleni

The Denver Post yabika ngo-2010 ukuthi i-IWF “icabanga ukuthi ukufudumala kwembulunga yonke '' kuyisayensi engenamsebenzi 'nokuthi ukuyifundisa kusabisa izingane zesikole ngokungadingekile.” Ngomkhankaso obizwa nge- "Balanced Education for Everyone," i-IWF iphikisana nemfundo yesayensi yezulu ezikoleni, lelo qembu kuchazwe njengo "Ukwazisa ukufudumala kwembulunga yonke okwethusayo."

UMongameli we-IWF uCarrie Lucas ubhala ngakho “ukungabaza okwandayo ngokuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu” futhi uthi “umphakathi ungakhokha kakhulu ngalokhu kuphazamiseka.”

Ozakwethu neMonsanto

Esiphakamisweni sika-Ephreli 21, 2016 esiya kuMonsanto, IWF icele iMonsanto ukuthi inikele ngama- $ 43,300 emicimbini ye- “Super Women of Science” eyenzelwe ukwehlisa ukwesekwa kwezepolitiki kweProposition 65, umthetho waseCalifornia ovimbela izinkampani ukuthi zikhiphe amakhemikhali ayingozi ezindleleni zamanzi futhi zidinga ukuthi zazise abathengi ngokutholakala kwamakhemikhali anobuthi. Imicimbi ehlongozwayo ibiyingxenye yephrojekthi ye-IWF ye- “Culture of Alarmism” eyasungulwa “ukuqeda ukuzwelana nabezindaba ngobungozi abaseMelika ababhekene nabo ngemikhiqizo esiyisebenzisayo, ukudla esikudlayo nemvelo ezungeze imindeni yethu.” 

NgoFebhuwari 2017, uMonsanto wabambisana ne-IWF emcimbini owawunesihloko esithi "Ukudla Nokwesaba: Ungawathola Kanjani Amaqiniso Ngempucuko Yanamuhla Ye-Alarmism," kanye ne I-podcast ye-IWF ngaleyo nyanga kwaxoxwa ngokuthi "I-Monsanto ivuselelwa kanjani yizishoshovu."

I-IWF iphusha amaphuzu okukhuluma eMonsanto kanye nemboni yamakhemikhali: ukukhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, ukuhlasela imboni engokwemvelo nomama abakhetha ukudla okuphilayo, nokuphikisana nokusobala kumalebula okudla. Izibonelo zifaka:

  • Umthetho wokulebula weVermont's GMO awubuwula. (Umbheki)
  • Ukufakwa ilebula kwe-Sinister GMO kuzodala ukuthi izindleko zokudla zikhuphuke kakhulu. (IMF)
  • Ukuxokozela kwe-anti-GMO kuyisongo sangempela enhlalakahleni yemindeni. (Buyekeza National)
  • Omama abanengqondo badinga ukubuyisela emuva kumama onamahloni nokuzizwa benecala ngokulandisa kokudla okuphilayo. (I-podcast ye-IWF)
  • Abagxeki be-GMO banonya, bayize, banesikhundla futhi bafuna ukuphika labo abaswele. (New York Post)

Iphrojekthi ye- "Culture of Alarmism", esethiwe kabusha i- "Project for Progress and Innovation," iphethwe nguJulie Gunlock, obhala amabhulogi amaningi aphikisana nokuvikelwa kwezempilo yomphakathi kanye ukuvikela izinkampani. Uchaze “ukwenqaba kwe-FDA ukukhuthaza ama-e-cigarettes” njengo “inkinga yezempilo yomphakathi.

Izimpikiswano 'zikaPhilips Morris PR'

Ngo-Agasti 2017, IWF kubanjwe i-FDA ukwamukela uPhilip Morris ' Ugwayi we-IQOS, bethi abesifazane badinga le mikhiqizo ngezizathu ezahlukahlukene zebhayoloji ukubasiza bayeke ukubhema ugwayi ojwayelekile.

“Kusobala ukuthi i-FDA ayihlosile ukujezisa abantu besifazane, ngenxa yobulili babo. Kodwa-ke, yilokho kanye okuzokwenzeka uma abesifazane bekhawulelwa ekubhemeni imikhiqizo yokuyeka leyo ngokwemvelo engakwazi ukubanikeza usizo abaludingayo lokuyeka ugwayi wendabuko, ”kubhala i-IWF.

Ephendula incwadi ye-IWF, uStanton Glantz, PhD, uProfesa Wezokwelapha e-UCSF Centre for Tobacco Control Research and Education, uthe: “Leli yi-standard Philip Morris PR. Asikho isiqinisekiso esizimele sokuthi i-IQOS iphephe njengogwayi noma ukuthi isiza abantu bayeke ukubhema. ”

Ompetha “inkululeko yokudla” esebenzisana nezinhlangano

I-IWF ihlasela i-US Food and Drug Administration “njengonondindwa bakahulumeni,” ngokwesibonelo ichaza i-ejensi njenge “ukudla amaMarx"Futhi"kungalawuleki ngokuphelele”Yokukhipha ukuholwa ngokuzithandela kubakhiqizi bokudla ukusika amazinga e-sodium.

Umcimbi wangoJuni 2017 we-IWF uzame ukudambisa ukwesaba ngokuqondiswa kwezempilo yomphakathi

Ngo-2012, i-IWF yethule “Abesifazane Ngenkululeko YokudlaIphrojekthi "yokubuyisela emuva esimweni somzanyana futhi ikhuthaze ukuzibophezela komuntu siqu" kokukhetha ukudla. I-ajenda ibibandakanya "nemithetho yokudla, isoda kanye nentela yokudla okulula, isayensi engenamsoco nokudla kanye nokwethuka kwemikhiqizo yasekhaya, imininingwane engeyona mayelana nokukhuluphala nendlala, nezinye izinhlelo zokudla zikahulumeni, kubandakanya nezidlo zasemini zesikole."

Ngokukhuluphala ngokweqile, i-IWF izama ukususa ukunakwa ekuziphenduleni kwezinkampani nasezinkingeni zomuntu siqu. Kulokhu ingxoxo noT Thom Hartmann, UJulie Gunlock we-IWF uthi izinkampani akumele zisolwe ngenkinga yokukhuluphala yaseMelika kepha kunalokho “abantu benza izinqumo ezimbi futhi ngicabanga ukuthi abazali bayazihlola ngokuphelele.” Isixazululo, uthe, ukuthi abazali bapheke kakhulu, ikakhulukazi abazali abahlwempu kwazise banenkinga enkulu yokukhuluphala.

Ihlasela omama ngokuzama ukunciphisa ukuvezwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane

I-IWF iphusha imiyalezo ngemboni, isebenzisa amaqhinga okucasha, ukuzama ukukhipha omama abakhathazekile ngemithi yokubulala izinambuzane; isibonelo esivelele yile New York Post ka-2014 esihlokweni, "Ubushiqela be-Organic Mommy Mafia" kaNaomi Schafer Riley. Ngaphansi kwengubo yokukhononda mayelana "nokuhlazeka komama," uRiley - ngubani Umuntu we-IWF kepha akazange akudalule lokho kubafundi - imizamo yokuhlazeka nokusola omama abakhetha ukudla okuphilayo. I-athikili kaRiley itholwe ngokuphelele ngamaqembu angaphambili embonini kanye nemithombo ayethule ngamanga njengezimele, kubandakanya Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, iqembu eliphambili leMonsanto; the I-Alliance for Food and Farming kanye noJulie Gunlock we “I-Culture of Alarmism Project” ye-IWF, naye ongazange akhonjwe kule ndatshana njengomsebenzi we-IWF. Ukuthola okwengeziwe ngalesi sihloko, bona i- "Ukuhlaselwa kwe-Organic: Ukuziba isayensi ukwenza icala lokulima ngamakhemikhali”(I-FAIR, 2014).

Ozakwethu abanamaqembu angaphambili embonini yamakhemikhali

IWF ibambisana namanye amaqembu angaphambili ezinkampani njenge Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, umvikeli oholayo wamakhemikhali anobuthi obelokhu ekhona ixhaswe nguMonsanto futhi Syngenta, kanye nezinye amakhemikhali, okwelapha kanye nogwayi izinkampani namaqembu ezimboni.

Ukuqhubeka nokufunda:

I-Intercept, ”AbakwaKoch Brothers Operatives Fill Top White House Positions,” nguLee Fang (4/4/2017)

The Nation, "Hlangana 'Nabesifazane' Abenza Umsebenzi Ongcolile Wabazalwane bakaKoch,” kaJoan Walsh (8/18/2016)

Isikhungo Sezindaba Nentando yeningi, "Abanikeli Abaziwa Kakhulu Benhlangano Ezimele Yabesifazane ngabesilisa," nguLisa Graves (8/24/2016)

Isikhungo Sezindaba Nentando yeningi, "Isiqinisekiso: Isithangami Sabesifazane Abangazimele Sazalelwa Ekuvikeleni uClarence Thomas kanye neFight Right," nguLisa Graves noCalvin Sloan (4/21/2016)

Slate, “Isiqiniseko Sokukhetha: Kwenzeka kanjani ukuthi 'Abesifazane beJaji uThomas' baphenduke amandla amakhulu,” nguBarbara Spindel (4/7/2016)

Iqiniso, "Iforamu Yabesifazane Ezimele Isebenzisa Uphawu Lokudukisa Ukududula I-Ajenda Yephiko Lakwesokudla," kaLisa Graves, uCalvin Sloan noKim Haddow (8/19/2016)

Ngaphakathi Ubuhle,"Imali Eseqenjini Lamaqembu Abesifazane Abalondolozayo Isalwela Impi Yamasiko," nguPhilip Rojc (9/13/2016)

The Nation, ”Qagela ukuthi Yiliphi Iqembu Labesifazane Rush Limbaugh elinikele ngamakhulu ezinkulungwane zamaDola ku? Ukusikisela: iyona evikela yena noma nini lapho engena emsakazweni wobulili, ”ngu-Eli Clifton (6/12/2014)

The New Yorker, ”The Koch Brothers Covert Operations,” kaJane Mayer (8/30/2010)

I-Oxford University Press, "Righting Feminism: Conservative Women and American Politics," nguRonnee Schreiber (2008)

Ngaphakathi Ubuhle, ”Bheka Ubani Oxhasa Leli qembu Eliphezulu Labafazi Abalondolozayo,” nguJoan Shipps (11/26/2014)

Ukulunga nokunemba ekubikeni, “Abesifazane Abasadla ngoludala ba-Right for Media Mainstream; Abezindaba Ekugcineni Sebethole Abanye Besifazane Ukuba Babathande, ”nguLaura Flanders (3/1/1996)

ithunyelwe ekuqaleni ngo-Okthoba 6, 2018 futhi yavuselelwa ngoFebhuwari 2020