ICornell Alliance for Science ngumkhankaso we-PR woMkhakha wezoLimo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ngaphandle kwegama layo elizwakala njengezifundo nokusebenzisana nesikhungo se-Ivy League, i- ICornell Alliance yeSayensi (I-CAS) ngumkhankaso wezobudlelwano nomphakathi oxhaswe yiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation oqeqesha abanye abantu emhlabeni jikelele ukukhuthaza nokuvikela izitshalo kanye nezolimo ezikhiqizwa izakhi zofuzo emazweni akubo. Izazi eziningi, ochwepheshe bezinqubomgomo zokudla, amaqembu okudla kanye nawokulima baye babiza imiyalezo enganembile namasu akhohlisayo abangane be-CAS abasebenzise ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ukukhathazeka mayelana nezinye izindlela kwezolimo zezimboni.

NgoSepthemba, i-CAS kumemezela $ 10 million ngemali entsha evela eGates Foundation, okuletha inani eliphelele lamaGates uxhaso ku- $ 22 million kusukela ngo-2014. Imali entsha iza njengoba iGates Foundation injalo sibhekene nokuhlehliswa yizolimo zase-Afrika, amaqembu okholo kanye nezenkolo ngokuchitha izigidigidi zamaRandi ezinhlelweni zokuthuthukisa ezolimo e-Afrika lokho imibukiso yobufakazi yehluleka ukuqeda indlala noma ukuphakamisa abalimi abancane, njengoba zigxila ezindleleni zokulima ezizuzisa izinkampani ngaphezu kwabantu. 

Leli phepha libhala izibonelo eziningi zemininingwane engeyona evela ku-CAS nabantu abaxhumene neqembu. Izibonelo ezichazwe lapha zinikeza ubufakazi bokuthi i-CAS isebenzisa igama likaCornell, idumela negunya lakhe ukuqhubekisela phambili i-PR kanye ne-ajenda yezepolitiki yezinkampani ezinkulu zamakhemikhali nembewu emhlabeni.

Imishini ehambelana nezimboni nemiyalezo

I-CAS yethulwa ngo-2014 ngesibonelelo sika- $ 5.6 million seGates Foundation futhi ithembisa ukuthi “dicilela phansi ”impikiswano cishe ama-GMO. Iqembu kusho umsebenzi wayo “ukukhuthaza ukufinyelela” ezitshalweni nasekudleni kwe-GMO ngokuqeqesha “ababambisene nesayensi” emhlabeni jikelele ukufundisa imiphakathi yabo ngezinzuzo ze-biotechnology yezolimo.

Iqembu lomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane likhuthaza i-CAS 

Ingxenye esemqoka yecebo le-CAS ukuqasha nokuqeqesha Abaholi Bomhlaba Wonke Bobuholi kuzindlela zokuxhumana nezokukhuthaza, kugxilwe ezifundeni lapho kunokuphikisana nomphakathi embonini ye-biotech, ikakhulukazi amazwe ase-Afrika amelane nezitshalo ze-GMO.

Umsebenzi we-CAS ufana ngendlela emangalisayo uMkhandlu Wezokwaziswa Kwe-Biotechnology (I-CBI), umkhakha wemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane oxhase uhlelo lobudlelwano bomphakathi olunayo ihlangene neCAS. Iqembu lezimboni lisebenzele ukwakha imifelandawonye ngaphesheya kochungechunge lokudla futhi qeqesha abantu besithathu, ikakhulukazi izifundiswa nabalimi, ukunxenxa umphakathi ukuthi wamukele ama-GMO.

Imiyalezo ye-CAS ihambisana eduze nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane i-PR: ukugxila kwe-myopic ekutholeni izinzuzo ezikhona zesikhathi esizayo zokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo ngenkathi kudlalwa phansi, kunganakwa noma kuphikwa izingozi nezinkinga. Njengemizamo yezimboni ze-PR, i-CAS ibuye igxile kakhulu ekuhlaseleni nasekuzameni ukwehlisa isithunzi abagxeki bemikhiqizo yezolimo, kufaka phakathi ososayensi nezintatheli eziphakamisa ukukhathazeka kwezempilo noma kwemvelo.

Ukugxekwa okubanzi

I-CAS nababhali bayo bathole ukugxekwa kwizifundiswa, abalimi, abafundi, amaqembu omphakathi kanye nezinhlangano ezilawula ukudla abathi leli qembu lithuthukisa imiyalezo enganembile futhi edukisayo futhi lisebenzisa amaqhinga angalungile. Bona isibonelo:

Izibonelo zemiyalezo edukisayo

Ochwepheshe bezobunjiniyela, i-biology, i-agroecology nenqubomgomo yokudla babhale izibonelo eziningi zezimangalo ezingalungile ezenziwe nguMark Lynas, umuntu owayevakashele eCornell obhale inqwaba yama-athikili evikela imikhiqizo yezolimo ngegama le-CAS; bona ngokwesibonelo eyakhe izindatshana eziningi ezikhuthazwe yi-Genetic Literacy Project, iqembu le-PR lelo isebenza neMonsanto. Incwadi kaLynas ka-2018 ithi amazwe ase-Afrika amukele ama-GMO, futhi anikeze isahluko ekuvikeleni iMonsanto.

Izimangalo ezinganembile ngama-GMO

Ososayensi abaningi bagxeke uLynas ngokwenza kwabo izitatimende ezingamanga, “Ayinasayensi, ayinangqondo futhi ayinangqondo”Izimpikiswano, ukugqugquzela imfundiso phezu kwedatha nocwaningo kuma-GMO, ukuvuselela amaphuzu okukhuluma embonini, nokwenza izimangalo ezinganembile ngemithi yokubulala izinambuzane “bonisa ukungazi okujulile kwesayensi, noma umzamo osebenzayo wokwenza ukungabaza. ”

"Uhlu lwelondolo lokuthi uMark Lynas wenza iphutha ngani kuma-GMO kanye nesayensi lubanzi, futhi luye lwaphikiswa ngephuzu ngabathile bezazi zezolimo nezazi zezinto eziphilayo," kubhala u-Eric Holt-Giménez, umqondisi omkhulu weFood First, ngo-Ephreli 2013 (uLynas wajoyina uCornell njengomuntu owayevakashile kamuva ngalowo nyaka).  

“Akanabufakazi futhi akanalo iqiniso”

Amaqembu azinze e-Afrika agxeke uLynas isikhathi eside. I-Alliance for Food sobukhosi e-Afrika, umfelandawonye wamaqembu angaphezu kwama-40 okudla nawokulima e-Afrika yonkana uchaze uLynas njengo “ingcwethi yokundiza” “ukudelela abantu base-Afrika, isiko kanye namasiko akhe akungabazeki.” UMillion Belay, umqondisi we-AFSA, kuchaza uLynas njengomuntu "obandlulula ngokobuhlanga ophusha indaba yokuthi ezolimo zezimboni kuphela ezingasindisa i-Afrika."

Ekushicilelweni kwabezindaba kuka-2018, i-African Centre for Biodiversity eseNingizimu Afrika ichaze amaqhinga angekho emthethweni uLynas awasebenzisile ukukhuthaza i-ajenda ye-biotech lobby eTanzania. "Kunodaba olumayelana nokuziphendulela kanye nesidingo sokubusa iCornell Alliance for Science, ngenxa yolwazi okungelona iqiniso nokuthi bangamaqiniso aluhlaza cwe futhi abanalo iqiniso," kusho uMariam Mayet, umqondisi omkhulu we-African Centre for Biodiversity, uthe kwi Julayi 2020 webinar.

Ukuthola ukuhlaziywa okuningiliziwe komsebenzi kaLynas, bheka izindatshana ekugcineni kwalokhu okuthunyelwe nokwethu Ishidi lamaqiniso likaMark Lynas.

Ukuhlasela i-agroecology

Isibonelo sakamuva semiyalezo enganembile yindatshana ebhalwe kabanzi kwi-CAS iwebhusayithi nguLynas ethi, "agro-ecology isengozini yokulimaza abampofu." ?? Izifundiswa zichaze lo mbhalo ngokuthi “ukuchazwa kwedemagogic kanye nokungekhona kwesayensi kwephepha lesayensi, ""ayijulile kakhulu, ""imibono emsulwa ”kanye“ nehlazo kumuntu ofuna ukuzibiza ngokwesayensi, ”ukuhlaziywa okuyiphutha ngempela“?? lokho kwenza “ukwenziwa okwandile“?? futhi “iziphetho zasendle.”Abanye abagxeki kubizwe a ukuhoxa.

Isihloko se-2019 ngozakwabo we-CAS uNassib Mugwanya unikeza esinye isibonelo sokuqukethwe okudukisayo ngesihloko se-agroecology. I-athikili, "Kungani izindlela zendabuko zezolimo zingakwazi ukuguqula ezolimo zase-Afrika," ikhombisa indlela ejwayelekile yokuthumela imiyalezo ezintweni ze-CAS: ukwethula izitshalo ze-GMO njengesikhundla se- "pro-science" ngenkathi kudwetshwa “ezinye izindlela zokuthuthukisa ezolimo njenge 'anti-science, 'akunamhlabathi futhi kuyingozi, ” ngokuya ngokuhlaziya yiSeattle-based Community Alliance for Global Justice.

"Okuqapheleke kakhulu kule ndatshana ukusetshenziswa okunamandla kwezingathekiso (isb. I-agroecology efaniswa nozankosi), ukwenziwa kwezinto ezivamile, ukushiywa kolwazi kanye nokunye okungalungile okuyiqiniso," kusho leli qembu.

Kusetshenziswa ibhuku lokudlala leMonsanto ukuvikela ama-pesticides

Esinye isibonelo semiyalezo edukisayo ehambelana nomkhakha we-CAS singatholakala ekuvikeleni kweqembu i-Roundup-based Roundup. I-herbicides iyinto esemqoka yezitshalo ze-GMO nge Ummbila no-soy ongu-90% kutshalwe e-United States izakhi zofuzo ukubekezelela i-Roundup. Ngo-2015, ngemuva kokuthi iphaneli yocwaningo lomdlavuza le-World Health Organisation lathi i-glyphosate ingumdlavuza wabantu, iMonsanto yahlela ababambisene nabo ukuze "bahlele ukukhala" ngokumelene nephaneli elizimele lesayensi ukuze "livikele isithunzi" seRoundup, ngokusho kwe imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto.

Ibhuku lokudlala le-Monsanto PR: ukuhlasela ochwepheshe bomdlavuza 'njengezishoshovu'

UMark Lynas usebenzise i- Ipulatifomu ye-CAS ukukhulisa imiyalezo yeMonsanto, echaza umbiko womdlavuza ngokuthi "ukuzingelwa kwabathakathi" okwenziwe "izishoshovu ezilwa neMonsanto" "ezisebenzise kabi isayensi" futhi zenze "ukuphendukezelwa okusobala kwesayensi nobulungiswa bemvelo" ngokubika ingozi yomdlavuza ye-glyphosate. ULynas wasebenzisa okufanayo izimpikiswano ezinamaphutha nemithombo yomkhakha njengoMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo, a iqembu langaphambili iMonsanto likhokhelwe ukusiza ukuphotha umbiko womdlavuza.

Ngenkathi ethi usehlangothini lwesayensi, uLynas akabunaki ubufakazi obanele obuvela emibhalweni yeMonsanto, kubikwa kabanzi emaphephandabeni, lokho IMonsanto yaphazamisa nge ucwaningo lwesayensi, izinhlaka ezilawulayo ezilawulwayo futhi ngasebenzisa okunye amaqhinga anzima ukukhohlisa inqubo yesayensi ukuvikela i-Roundup. Ku-2018, ijaji lathola iMonsanto leyowenza ngobubi, ukucindezela noma ukukhwabanisa”Ekumbozeni ingozi yomdlavuza yeRoundup.

Ukunxenxa ama-pesticides nama-GMOs eHawaii

Yize ukugxila kwayo okuyinhloko kuyi-Afrika, i-CAS ibuye isize imizamo yomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane ukuvikela izibulala-zinambuzane nokujivaza abameli bezempilo yomphakathi eHawaii. Iziqhingi zaseHawaii ziyindawo yokuhlola ebalulekile yezitshalo ze-GMO futhi nendawo ebika ephezulu ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala izinambuzane futhi ukukhathazeka ngezinkinga zezempilo ezihlobene ne-pesticides, kufaka phakathi ukukhubazeka kokuzalwa, umdlavuza nesifuba somoya. Lezi zinkinga zaholela abahlali ukuhlela impi ezothatha iminyaka ukwedlulisa imithethonqubo eqinile yokwehlisa ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala izinambuzane nokwenza ngcono ukudalulwa kwamakhemikhali asetshenziswa emasimini ezolimo.

“Uqale ukuhlaselwa ngonya”

Njengoba le mizamo ithola ukubambeka, i-CAS ibambe iqhaza “emkhankasweni omkhulu wokungazwakali kwezobudlelwano bomphakathi obenzelwe ukuthulisa ukukhathazeka komphakathi” ngobungozi bezempilo bemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, ngokusho kukaFern Anuenue Holland, umgqugquzeli womphakathi weHawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. E-Cornell Daily Sun, UHolland uchaze ukuthi “ikhokhelwe kanjani iCornell Alliance for Science fellows - ngaphansi kokuqagela ubuchwepheshe besayensi - iqala kanjani ukuhlasela okunonya. Basebenzise izinkundla zokuxhumana futhi babhala inqwaba yama-blog begxeka amalungu omphakathi athintekile nabanye abaholi ababa nesibindi sokukhuluma. ”

UHolland uthe yena namanye amalungu enhlangano yakhe babulawa "ngokubulawa kwabalingiswa, ukumelwa kabi kanye nokuhlaselwa kokwethembeka komuntu siqu kanye nobungcweti" ngabaphethwe yiCAS. “Ngiye ngazibonela ngawami imindeni nobungani bempilo yonke buhlukana,” kubhala yena.

Ukuphikisana nelungelo lomphakathi lokwazi     

Umqondisi we-CAS USarah Evanega, PhD, uye kusho iqembu lakhe ezimele embonini: “Asibhaleli izimboni, futhi asikhuthazi noma siphakamise imikhiqizo ephethwe yimboni. Njengoba iwebhusayithi yethu iveza ngokusobala nangokugcwele, asitholi zinsiza ezivela embonini. ” Kodwa-ke, inqwaba yama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know, manje athunyelwe ku- Umtapo wolwazi wamakhemikhali we-UCSF, Khombisa i-CAS ne-Evanega bexhumana eduze nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane namaqembu ayo angaphambili ezinhlelweni zobudlelwano bomphakathi. Izibonelo zifaka:

Ezinye izibonelo zokubambisana kwe-CAS namaqembu ezimboni zichazwe ezansi kwaleli phepha lamaqiniso.  

Ukuphakamisa amaqembu angaphambili nezithunywa ezingathembekile

Emizameni yayo yokuqhakambisa ama-GMO njengesisombululo “esisuselwe kwisayensi” kwezolimo, iCornell Alliance for Science inikeze ithuba layo emaqenjini aphambili embonini ngisho nomuntu ongaziwa ngesayensi yezulu.

UTrevor Butterworth noSense Mayelana neSayensi / STATS: I-CAS ibambisana ne-Sense About Science / STATS ukunikela “ukubonisana kwezibalo zezintatheli”Futhi wanika ukuhlanganyela kumqondisi weqembu uTrevor Butterworth, owakha umsebenzi wakhe wokuvikela imikhiqizo ebalulekile ku Amakhemikhali, ukuthosa, ukudla okungenamsoco futhi izimboni zezidakamizwa. UButterworth ungumphathi ongumsunguli weSense About Science USA, ayihlanganise nesikhungo sakhe sangaphambili, iStatistical Assessment Service (STATS).

Izintatheli zichaze ama-STAT kanye neButterworth njengabadlali ababalulekile emikhankasweni yokuvikela umkhiqizo embonini yamakhemikhali (bheka Izindaba zesitatimende, IMilwaukee Journal Sentinel, I-Intercept futhi I-Atlantic). Imibhalo yeMonsanto iyakhomba I-Sense Mayelana neSayensi phakathi "kozakwethu bemboni" kuthembele ekuvikeleni i-Roundup ekulweni nokukhathazeka komdlavuza.

Isimo sezulu sesayensi yezulu u-Owen Paterson: Ku-2015, i-CAS ibambe u-Owen Paterson, usopolitiki waseBritish Conservative Party futhi owaziwa kakhulu isayensi yezulu ingabaza ngubani kunciphise uxhaso lwemizamo yokunciphisa ukufudumala kwembulunga yonke ngesikhathi sakhe njengoNgqongqoshe Wezemvelo wase-UK. UPaterson usebenzise isigaba saseCornell ukusho ukuthi amaqembu ezemvelo aphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngamaGMOs “vumela izigidi ukuba zife.”Amaqembu embonini yezibulala-zinambuzane asebenzise imiyalezo efanayo eminyakeni engama-50 edlule ukuzama ihlazisa uRachel Carson ngokuveza ukukhathazeka nge-DDT.

Lynas futhi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi: I-Lynas ye-CAS nayo ihlangene ne-Sense About Science njengelungu lebhodi leseluleko lesikhathi eside. Ngo-2015, u-Lynas wabambisana no-Owen Paterson Paterson owayengabaza ngezesimo sezulu kanye no-Sense About Director of Science u-Tracey Brown qalisa lokho akubize "ukunyakaza kwe-ecomodernism," ehambelana ngokubambisana, uhlobo lokulwa nomthethonqubo "kwemvelo."

IHawaii Alliance yezithunywa zeSayensi

Ngo-2016, i-CAS yethule uhlelo lwe- iqembu elihambisanayo elibizwa ngeHawaii Alliance for Science, othe inhloso yayo "ukuxhasa ukwenziwa kwezinqumo okusekelwe ebufakazini kanye nokuqanjwa kwezolimo eziQhingini." Izithunywa zayo zifaka:

USarah Thompson, a owayekade eyisisebenzi seDow AgroSciences, waqondisa i- IHawaii Alliance Yezesayensi, eyayizichaza ngokuthi “iyinhlangano engaphansi engenzi nzuzo yezokuxhumana ehlangene neCornell Alliance for Science.” (Iwebhusayithi ayisabonakali isebenza, kepha iqembu ligcina i- ikhasi Facebook.)

Okuthunyelwe kwezokuxhumana okuvela eHawaii Alliance for Science kanye nomxhumanisi wayo uThompson bachaze abagxeki bemboni yezolimo njengo abantu abazikhukhumezayo nabangazi lutho, kugujwa ummbila kanye nesoya mono-izilimo futhi ukuvikela ama-pesticides we-neonicotinoid okuyinto izifundo eziningi futhi ososayensi bayasho zilimaza izinyosi.

UJoan Conrow, Ukuphatha Umhleli we-CAS, ubhala izindatshana ngaye iwebhusayithi yomuntu siqu, ngamunye "Kauai Eclectic" ibhulogi nangenxa yeqembu eliphambili embonini Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project uzama ukwehlisa isithunzi ochwepheshe bezempilo, amaqembu omphakathi futhi osopolitiki eHawaii abamele ukuvikelwa okunamandla kwezibulala-zinambuzane, nezintatheli ababhala ngokukhathazeka ngezibulala-zinambuzane. IConrow inayo kusolwa amaqembu ezemvelo lokweqa intela kanye kuqhathaniswa neqembu lokuphepha kokudla kuya ku-KKK.

UConrow ubengakudaluli njalo ukuzibandakanya kwakhe neCornell. Iphephandaba laseHawaii i-Civil Beat limgxeke uConrow ngaye ukungabi sobala futhi wamcaphuna ngo-2016 njengesibonelo sokuthi kungani iphepha lishintsha izinqubomgomo zalo zokuphawula. UConrow “wayevame ukuphikisana nombono we-GMO ngaphandle kokuchaza ngokusobala umsebenzi wakhe njengozwela we-GMO,” kubhala uprofesa wezintatheli uBrett Oppegaard. "UConrow ulahlekelwe nayinkululeko yakhe yobuntatheli (nokubika) mayelana nokubika ngokufanele ngezinkinga ze-GMO, ngenxa yomsebenzi wakhe kulezi zinkinga."

UJoni Kamiya, i-CAS ka-2015 Umfo Wobuholi Emhlabeni Wonke uphikisana nemithetho yokubulala izinambuzane kwiwebhusayithi yakhe Indodakazi yoMlimi waseHawaii, In the abezindaba kanye neqembu eliphambili lomkhakha Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project. Ungumama “Uchwepheshe wenxusa” yezimboni zezolimo ezixhaswe ngemali iwebhusayithi yezentengiso Izimpendulo ze-GMO. NjengoConrow, uKamiya uthi ukuvezwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane eHawaii akuyona inkinga, Futhi izama ukudicilela phansi izikhulu ezikhethiwe futhi "Abashisekeli bezemvelo" abafuna ukulawula izibulala-zinambuzane.

ICornell Alliance yabasebenzi beSayensi, abeluleki

I-CAS izichaza ngokuthi "isinyathelo esiseCornell University, isikhungo esingenzi nzuzo." Leli qembu alidaluli isabelomali salo, izindleko zalo noma amaholo abasebenzi, futhi iCornell University ayidaluli noma yiluphi ulwazi mayelana ne-CAS emafayilini ayo.

Uhlu lwewebhusayithi Abasebenzi be-20, kufaka phakathi uMqondisi USarah Evanega, PhD, kanye nokuphatha Umhleli UJoan Conrow (alubhalisi uMark Lynas noma abanye abantu abangathola isinxephezelo). Abanye abasebenzi abaziwayo ababhalwe kuwebhusayithi bafaka:

Ibhodi lokweluleka le-CAS lifaka phakathi izifundiswa ezihlale zisiza imboni yezolimo ngemizamo yazo ye-PR.

IGates Foundation: ukuhlaziywa kwamasu wokuthuthukisa ezolimo 

Kusukela ngo-2016, iGates Foundation isebenzise imali engaphezulu kuka- $ 4 billion kumasu okuthuthukisa ezolimo, okuningi lokho kugxile e-Afrika. Amasu esisekelo wokuthuthukisa ezolimo abekhona eholwa nguRob Horsch (osanda kuthatha umhlalaphansi), a Umakadebona weMonsanto seminyaka engama-25. Amasu adonse ukugxekwa kokuqhakambisa ama-GMO nemikhiqizo yezolimo e-Afrika ukuphikiswa kwamaqembu azinze e-Afrika nokunyakaza komphakathi, futhi ngaphandle kokukhathazeka okuningi nokungabaza ngezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo e-Afrika yonkana.

Ukuhlaziywa kwendlela yeGates Foundation yokuthuthukiswa kwezolimo nokuxhaswa ngezimali kubandakanya:

Ukusebenzisana okuningi kwe-CAS-industry 

Inqwaba yama-imeyili atholakele nge-FOIA yi-US Right to Know, futhi manje asethunyelwe ku- Umtapo wolwazi wamakhemikhali we-UCSF, khombisa i-CAS ihlangana eduze nemboni yezolimo kanye namaqembu ayo obudlelwano bomphakathi ukuxhumanisa imicimbi nokuthumela imiyalezo:

Ukuhlaziywa okuningi kukaMark Lynas 

Ukulandelela Inethiwekhi Yezimboni Yezimboni Eziphathelene Nezibulala-zinambuzane

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Izinkampani ezine kuphela manje ezilawula ngaphezu kuka-60% wokuphakelwa komhlaba wembewu nezibulala-zinambuzane. Ukwengamela umphakathi ngemisebenzi yabo kubalulekile ekutholeni ukudla okuphephile nokunempilo. Kodwa-ke zonke lezi zinkampani - iMonsanto / Bayer, iDowDuPont, iSyngenta, i-BASF - zinde imilando yokufihla ingozi kwemikhiqizo yabo. Njengoba amarekhodi abo engakhuthazi ukwethenjwa, bathembele kubalingani benkampani yangaphandle ukukhuthaza nokuvikela imikhiqizo yabo.

Amashidi eqiniso ngezansi akhanya kule nethiwekhi ye-propaganda efihliwe: amaqembu angaphambili, izifundiswa, izintatheli kanye nabalawuli abasebenza ekusithekeni nezinkampani zokubulala izinambuzane ukukhuthaza nokuvikela ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane. 

Imininingwane esiyibika lapha isuselwa kuphenyo lwe-US Right to Know oluthole amashumi ezinkulungwane zamakhasi emibhalo yangaphakathi yezinkampani nezomthetho kusukela ngonyaka wezi-2015. Uphenyo lwethu lukhuthaze umkhankaso wokuphikisana nomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane ozame ukudicilela phansi umsebenzi wethu. Ngokuvumelana ne Imibhalo yeMonsanto ivezwe ngo-2019,  "Uphenyo lwe-USRTK luzoba nomthelela kuyo yonke imboni." 

Sicela wabelane ngalawa maqiniso, futhi bhalisa lapha ukwamukela izindaba ezivela ekuphenyweni kwethu. 

Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa: ukwenziwa kweqembu langaphambili leMonsanto

I-AgBioChatter: lapho izinkampani nezifundiswa behlela isu kuma-GMO kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane

U-Alison Van Eenennaam: isikhulumi sangaphandle esingukhiye kanye nommeli wezokuvikela embonini yezolimo kanye neye GMO

Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo iyiqembu eliphambili lenkampani

Izinkampani zeBayer's Shady PR: UHillard noKetchum PR

Kwenziwe kabusha isiza imboni yamakhemikhali i-PR nemizamo yokunxenxa

Isikhungo Sobuqotho Bokudla ukudla kanye nemboni yezolimo abalingani be-PR

ICornell Alliance yeSayensi is a umkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi eCornell ukukhuthaza ama-GMO

Umkhandlu Wezokwazisa nge-Biotechnology, Izimpendulo ze-GMO, iCropLife: Imboni yokubulala izinambuzane imizamo ye-PR 

UDrew Kershen: umkhakha weqembu lezolimo ngaphambili ongumholi

I-Food Evolution GMO Idokhumentari ifilimu esakaza inkulumo-ze, kusho izifundiswa eziningi

UGeoffrey Kabat: izibopho zamaqembu ezimboni zikagwayi namakhemikhali

Ukuhlola kweGlyphosate Spin: ukulandelela izimangalo mayelana ne-herbicide esetshenziswa kakhulu

Izimpendulo ze-GMO is a Ukuphathwa kwezinkinga Ithuluzi le-PR lama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides

UHank Campbell i-maze yamabhulogi esayensi athanda iMonsanto

UHenry I. Miller kwehliswe yiForbes ngehlazo lokubhala ngemiphefumulo leMonsanto

Inkundla Yabesifazane Ezimele: Iqembu elixhaswa ngemali nguKoch livikela izibulala-zinambuzane, uwoyela, izimboni zikagwayi

I-International Food Information Council (IFIC): Ukuthi iBig Food iziphotha kanjani izindaba ezimbi

I-International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) iyiqembu lokwamukela izimboni zokudla, imibhalo ikhombisa

UJay Byrne: hlangana nendoda engemuva komshini weMonsanto PR

UJon Entine, Iphrojekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo: izithunywa ezibalulekile zeMonsanto, iBayer kanye nemboni yamakhemikhali

UKeith Kloor: ukuthi intatheli yesayensi isebenze kanjani nabalingani bemboni ekusithekeni

UKevin Folta izimangalo ezilahlekisayo nezikhohlisayo

UMark Lynas weCornell Alliance weSayensi amaphromoshini akhohlisayo futhi anganembile nge-ajenda yezentengiselwano yomkhakha wezolimo

IMonsanto yaqamba laba "abalingani bemboni" kuyo Uhlelo lwe-PR lokubhekana nesinqumo somdlavuza we-glyphosate (2015)

UNina Federoff yagqugquzela igunya lesayensi yaseMelika ukusekela iMonsanto

UPamela Ronald's izibopho emaqenjini angaphambili embonini yamakhemikhali

UPeter Phillips kanye nezihlobo zakhe uchungechunge oluyimfihlo "lwelungelo lokwazi" e-University of Saskatchewan

SciBabe uthi udle izibulala-zinambuzane zakho, kepha ngubani omkhokhelayo?

Isayensi Media Center ithuthukisa imibono yenkampani yesayensi

Umuzwa Ngezesayensi / IZITATIMENDE spin isayensi embonini

UStuart Smyth imboni yezolimo izibopho kanye nezimali 

UTamar Haspel idukisa abafundi beWashington Post kumakholamu akhe okudla

I-Val Giddings: i-BIO VP yangaphambili iyinkampani esebenza kakhulu embonini yezolimo

Amanye ama-fact sheet mayelana namaqembu aphambili aphambili, amaqembu ezohwebo nababhali be-PR

I-BIO: iqembu lokuhweba lomkhakha we-biotech

Isikhungo Senkululeko Yabathengi

Izitshalo Zokuphila Zomhlaba Wonke

I-International Life Sciences Institute

UJulie Kelly

UKavin Senapathy / MAMIzinganekwane

I-Ketchum PR

I-US Farmers and Ranchers Alliance

Izinsiza eziningi ezivela e-US Right to Know

Izifundo zezifundo ezibhalwe kabusha yi-US Right to Know 

Amaphepha eMonsanto: Ingobo yomlando wedokhumenti ye-Roundup / Glyphosate 

Ingobo yomlando wedokhumenti ye-Dicamba

I-Roundup ne-Dicamba Trial Tracker blog olusha njalo 

Ishidi lamaqiniso leGlyphosate: Ukukhathazeka Kwezempilo Mayelana ne-Pesticide Esetshenziswa Kakhulu

Ishidi lamaqiniso lakwaDicamba

Ukusabalala kwezindaba zomhlaba wonke ze Ukutholwa kwe-US Right to Know 

Uma uthanda umsebenzi wethu, sicela QHAFAZA LAPHA ukusisiza sikhuphule ukushisa kuphenyo lwe-USRTK.

I-Glyphosate Spin Check: Izimangalo Zokulandelela Mayelana Nokubulala Ukhula Okusetshenziswa Kakhulu

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Phakathi kwempikiswano yomhlaba jikelele mayelana nokuphepha kwe-herbicides esekwe ku-glyphosate efana neMonsanto's Roundup, kwenziwa izimangalo eziningi ukuvikela ukuphepha komkhiqizo. Ekuvukeni kwe- izinqumo ezimbili zakamuva zamajaji othole ukuthi i-Roundup iyinto ebaluleke kakhulu ekudaleni i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, sihlole ezinye zalezi zimangalo futhi sazihlola ukuthi zinembile yini.

Uma unezibonelo eziningi ze-glyphosate spin ongathanda sizihlole, sicela ubathumele i-imeyili ku-stacy@usrtk.org noma tweet kithi @USRighttoKnow.

UMark Lynas, uCornell Alliance weSayensi

ICornell Alliance yeSayensi iwebhusayithi (Novemba. 2017)

Lo mbhalo kaMark Lynas uqukethe izitatimende eziningi ezinganembile nezidukisayo. Njengabaningi abagqugquzela imikhiqizo ye-glyphosate, izimangalo lapha zigxile ekuzameni ukwehlisa isithunzi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ebeka i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu ngo-2015.

FAKA ISICELO: I-IARC "yigatsha elincane elaziwayo futhi elincanyana le-World Health Organisation" "elithola cishe yonke into ebanga umdlavuza"

IQINISO: I-IARC yisikhungo esikhethekile sokucwaninga ngomdlavuza se-WHO esinamaphaneli ochwepheshe aqukethe ososayensi abazimele abavela emikhakheni ehlukahlukene yocwaningo lomdlavuza. Eminyakeni yayo engama-50 umlando, IARC inayo kuhlolwe izinto eziyi-1,013 futhi kutholakale ama-49% alabo "bengahlukaniswa ngokuya komzimba wayo kubantu"; Ama-20% ahlukaniswa njengaziwa noma mhlawumbe yi-carcinogenic kubantu.

FAKA ISICELO: "Okusalungiswa kokuqala kokuhlolwa kwe-IARC kuguqulwe kakhulu ngesikhathi sekwephuzile ukukhomba ekutholeni umdlavuza - noma ngabe isayensi abebeyihlola ikhomba kude nalokhu"

IQINISO: Lesi simangalo sitholwe ngombiko weReuters onamaphutha kaKate Kelland wokuthi washiya amaqiniso abalulekile, kuhlanganise iqiniso lokuthi iningi lemininingwane i-IARC engazange iluthathe kusuka “kokungakapheli kokuqala” kwakusuka esihlokweni sokubuyekeza esabhalwa ngokubambisana ngusosayensi waseMonsanto. I-athikili yokubukeza "ayizange inikeze imininingwane eyanele yokuhlola okuzimele iziphetho ezafinyelelwa ngusosayensi waseMonsanto nabanye ababhali," Kusho IARC. UKelland ubhalile izindaba eziningana ukugxeka i-IARC; imibhalo ekhishwe ngo-2019 qinisekisa ukuthi uMonsanto wayenesandla ngasese kokunye ukubika kwakhe.

U-Lynas usebenzise omunye umthombo ukuvikela izimangalo zakhe ngokungalungile e-IARC: UDavid Zaruk, owake waba khona umkhakha wamakhemikhali wemboni yamakhemikhali owake wasebenzela inkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi iBurson-Marsteller.

FAKA ISICELO: IGlyphosate “iyikhemikhali eliyingozi kakhulu kwezolimo emhlabeni”

IQINISO: Lesi sitatimende asisekelwe kusayensi. Izifundo zixhuma i-glyphosate ku-a uhla lwezinkinga zezempilo kufaka phakathi umdlavuza, ukuphazamiseka kwe-endocrine, isifo sesibindi, ukukhulelwa okufushane, ukukhubazeka kokuzalwa kanye nokulimala kwamabhaktheriya amathumbu azuzisayo. Ukukhathazeka kwezemvelo kufaka nemithelela emibi ku inhlabathi, izinyosi futhi izimvemvane.

SOURCE: UMark Lynas uyi owayeyintatheli waphenduka ummeli wokuphromotha ngemikhiqizo yezolimo. Usebenzela i- ICornell Alliance for Science, umkhankaso we-PR ebekwe eCornell University exhaswa yiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation ukukhuthaza nokuvikela ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo 

ACSH iwebhusayithi (Okthoba 2017)

FAKA ISICELO: Umbiko we-IARC we-carcinogenicity we-glyphosate wawuyicala "lokukhwabanisa kwesayensi"

IQINISO: I-ACSH isekele izimangalo zayo "zokukhwabanisa" emithonjeni emibili efanayo uMark Lynas weCornell Alliance for Science osetshenziswe ngenyanga eyodwa kamuva ukuhlasela i-IARC kuwebhusayithi yeCornell: eyokuqala umkhakha wamakhemikhali wemboni yamakhemikhali UDavid Zaruk kanye ne alungile ku-Reuters ukuthi kulandele amaphuzu okukhuluma ukuthi UMonsanto unikeze intatheli.

SOURCE: Umkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo a iqembu langaphambili ethola uxhaso kusuka amakhemikhali, okwelapha kanye nogwayi izinkampani, futhi ifaka izinsizakalo zayo kumaqembu ezimboni ngemikhankaso yokuvikela umkhiqizo, ngokusho kwe- kudalulwe imibhalo yangaphakathi. Ama-imeyili asuka ku-2015 asungula lokho IMonsanto yayixhasa i-ACSH futhi ngacela iqembu ukuthi libhale ngombiko we-IARC glyphosate. Umsebenzi we-ACSH uphendule ngokuthi bese bevele bebandakanyekile emkhakheni wokushicilelwa wenkantolo ephelele mayelana ne-agrichemicals, phthalates kanye ne-diesel.

UYvette d'Entremont, owaziwa nge- "Sci Babe"

I-Self Magazine esihlokweni (Okthoba 2018)

IZIMANGALO: “Ngezifundo ezingaphezu kuka-800 kuyo, alukho ucwaningo oluye lwabonisa izingxenye ze-Roundup ezidala umdlavuza”… “akuzange kube nezifundo ezinkulu ezithembekile ezibonisa ukuxhumana okuyimbangela phakathi kweRoundup nomdlavuza.”

IQINISO: Izifundo eziningi ezithembekile zixhumanisa iRoundup noma ingxenye yayo eyinhloko yeglyphosate nomdlavuza, kufaka phakathi ucwaningo olwethulwe ku-EPA ngawo-1980s ukuthi ososayensi be-EPA ngaleso sikhathi bathi kwakuwubufakazi bokukhathazeka ngomdlavuza. Kunezifundo eziningi kakhulu ongazibala, kepha izingcaphuno zingatholakala ku-2015 I-International Agency for Research on Cancer Monograph eGlyphosate.

Ngokwengeziwe, i- wide ukuhlaziywa kwesayensi wamandla okubanga umdlavuza we-glyphosate herbicides eshicilelwe ngoFebhuwari 2019 athola ukuthi abantu abanokuchayeka okuphezulu baba nengozi eyengeziwe yokuthola uhlobo lomdlavuza obizwa nge-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

SOURCE: U-Yvette d'Entremont "ungumhleli onikelayo" kuSelf Magazine onekholamu ebizwa nge- “SciBabe Explains.” ISelf Magazine ayivezi kubafundi bayo ukuthi iSciBabe abalingani nezinkampani ezikhiqiza imikhiqizo yazo. Ngo-2017, inkampani enandisa yokufakelwa iSplenda ihlangene neSciBabe ukusiza "ukunika amandla abalandeli be-SPLENDA® Brand ukuthi babambe iqhaza elibonakalayo ekuqhakambiseni izinganekwane mayelana ne-sucralose." Izinkampani zamakhemikhali zixhase ezinye zezingxoxo zakhe zokukhuluma ezingqungqutheleni zokulima.

UGeoffrey Kabat, udokotela wezifo zezifo

Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project iwebhusayithi (Okthoba 2018)

FAKA ISICELO: IGlyphosate “icwaningisiswe kahle kakhulu ngobuthi kanti ukugxila okutholakala kubantu kuphansi kakhulu kangangoba asikho isidingo sokuqhubeka nokufunda… akukho lutho olusele ukufakazela olunye ucwaningo!”

IQINISO: Ebufakazini obufungelwe bufakazelwa ubufakazi obubhekene namacala aqhubekayo abhekene noMonsanto nomnikazi wayo uBayer AG, owayeyi-CEO yeMonsanto UHugh Grant wavuma inkampani ayikaze yenze ucwaningo lwe-epidemiology lwe-glyphosate-based herbicide formulations inkampani ethengisa. Le nkampani iphinde yafuna ukuvimba i- Ukuhlola ubuthi yokwakheka kwe-glyphosate yi-Agency for Toxic Substances and Registry Registry.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, lawa mazwana, uDkt Kabat awasho njengomthombo ongaziwa, awawanaki amaqiniso amabili abalulekile: izifundo ezizimele zixhuma i-glyphosate ezinhlotsheni eziningi izinkinga zezempilo nokukhathazeka kwemvelo, kanye nobufakazi obuvela emafayilini enkantolo buveza ukuthi iMonsanto iphazamise ukuhlolwa kwesayensi nokulawulwa kwe-glyphosate (bona izibonelo nemithombo lapha, lapha, lapha, Futhi lapha).

Ngokusho kweJaji uVince Chhabria, owengamele icala lakamuva lombuso elaphumela ekulimaleni kweMonsanto, amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-80, abamangali baveze ubufakazi obukhulu ukuthi iMonsanto ayisebenzisanga ngendlela efanelekile nokuphephile ekuphepheni komkhiqizo wayo. ” Ijaji wabhala futhi:

Mayelana nezinsalela zezibulala-zinambuzane kubantu, isayensi yakamuva ikhulisa ukukhathazeka ngokuthi imithethonqubo yamanje ayinikeli ngokuvikelwa kwezempilo okwanele. Bheka ukubikwa nguCarey Gillam, "Amakhemikhali ekudleni kwethu: Uma 'kuphephe' kungenzeka kungaphephi ngempela,”Nezincazelo zososayensi lapha, lapha futhi lapha.

SOURCE: UDkt Geoffrey Kabat ubuhlobo obude embonini kagwayi futhi ushicilele amaphepha avuna umkhakha kagwayi oxhaswe imboni kagwayi. Usebenza ebhodini labaqondisi benhlangano yabazali yeGenetic Literacy Project, okuyiyona isebenza neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR. UKabat ubuye ebhodini lokweluleka leqembu langaphambili Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo.

UPatrick Moore, umxhumanisi we-PR

Ukuxoxwa ngevidiyo neCanal + (Mashi 2015)

FAKA ISICELO: "Ungaphuza ingxenye eyodwa kwezine ye- [glyphosate] futhi ngeke ikulimaze."

IQINISO: Ngisho neMonsanto ithi akufanele uphuze i-glyphosate. Ngokusho kwale nkampani iwebhusayithi, “I-glyphosate ayisona isiphuzo futhi akumele ifakwe - njengoba nje ubungeke uphuze imoto yokugeza imoto. Kuhlale kubalulekile ukusebenzisa imikhiqizo ngenhloso ehlosiwe futhi njengoba kuqondiswe kwilebula. ” (Okuthunyelwe kuphinde kucacise ukuthi uMoore “akayena umuntu olwela amalungelo abantu waseMonsanto noma umsebenzi.”)

SOURCE: UMorell uvezwe njengomunye wabasunguli beGreenpeace "obiza iqembu lakhe langaphambili" njengoba ephikisana nokususwa kwemikhiqizo enobuthi noma izimboni ezingcolisayo. Ngokusho kukaGreenpeace, "Kwasukasukela, UDkt. Patrick Moore wayeyilungu laseGreenpeace lokuqala. Manje usengumxhumanisi wobudlelwano nomphakathi ezinkampanini ezingcolisa iGreenpeace esebenza ukuzishintsha. ” Ngo-2014, uMorey wafakaza ekomitini Lezigele laseMelika ukuthi abukho ubufakazi besayensi bokuthi imisebenzi yabantu ibangela ukufudumala kwembulunga yonke.

UKevin Folta, PhD, uprofesa e-University of Florida

Tweets 2015 futhi 2013

FAKA ISICELO: “Ngake ngaphuza i- [glyphosate] phambilini ukukhombisa ukungabi nabungozi”… “Ngikwenze bukhoma futhi ngizokwenza futhi. Kumele ixutshwe w / coke noma c-berry juice. Kunambitheka insipho. Ayikho i-buzz ”

IQINISO: Ngenkathi uDkt Folta kungenzeka ukuthi wayidla i-glyphosate, lesi iseluleko esibi esivela kumthombo ongathembekile. Njengoba kuchaziwe ngenhla, ngisho neMonsanto ithi akufanele uphuze i-glyphosate.

SOURCE: USolwazi Folta uke udukise umphakathi ezikhathini eziningi mayelana nezixhumanisi zakhe zomkhakha wezolimo. Ku-2017, uDkt Folta wamangalela intatheli ephumelele i-New York Times nePulitzer-Prize u-Eric Lipton ngokubika Ukusebenzisana kukaFolta okungadalulwanga neMonsanto ukusiza ukunqoba ilebula ye-GMO. Icala lalikhona ixoshiwe.

U-Alison van Eenennaam, PhD, isazi sezakhi zofuzo, u-UC Davis 

ingxoxo yevidiyo kwiReal News Network (Meyi 2015)

FAKA ISICELO: “Ngicabanga ukuthi kunezihlaziyo eziningana eziphelele kakhulu ze-meta eziye zenziwa muva nje ezibonisa ukuthi ayikho imiphumela eyingqayizivele yobuthi noma ye-carcinogenicity ehambisana nokusetshenziswa kwe-Roundup. Kwakukhona i-German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment esanda kubuyekeza amakhulukhulu ezifundo zobuthi kanye nemibiko ecishe ibe yinkulungwane eshicilelwe, futhi yaphetha ngokuthi idatha ayikhombisanga i-carcinogenic noma i-mutagentic properties ye-glyphosate, futhi nokuthi i-glyphosate ayinabuthi ekuzaleni, ekuzaliseni, noma embryonic ukukhula kombungu ezilwaneni zaselebhu ... Futhi angizukubiza iJalimane njengezwe lapho ungalindela ukuthi benze khona ukuhlolwa kobungozi okungabhekanga ukuthi ithini imininingwane. ”

IQINISO: A Umbiko we-2019 ethunywe ngamaLungu ePhalamende e-European Union athola ukuthi i-ejensi yokuhlola ubungozi yaseJalimane "ikopisha futhi inamathisele amapheshana avela ezifundweni zeMonsanto." Bheka ukubika ku-Guardian ngu-Arthur Neslen, "Ukuvunyelwa kwe-EU glyphosate kwakususelwa embhalweni obhalwe uMonsanto, umbiko uthola."

SOURCE: UDkt van Eenennaam ungumgqugquzeli ohamba phambili wezilwane nezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo, futhi ungummeli oshisekayo wokwehliswa komthetho. Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi uxhumanisile nezinkampani zezolimo kanye namafemu abo obudlelwano bomphakathi ku-PR nokuthumela imiyalezo.

Ifilimu eliyi-Food Evolution 

Le documentary yobude besici ka-2017 ikhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo njengesixazululo sendlala emhlabeni kepha icwebezela impikiswano ebalulekile enkabeni yenkulumompikiswano ye-GMO: ukuthi ngabe i-Roundup, umuthi wokubulala ukhula izitshalo eziningi ze-GM ezenzelwe ukumelana nawo, ubangela umdlavuza. Le filimu ayikhulumi ngisho nangombiko we-IARC othole ukuthi i-glyphosate iyinto engaba ngumdlavuza womuntu, futhi ithembele emithonjeni emibili kuphela yokuthi i-glyphosate ayiyona inkinga.

FAKA ISICELO: Le filimu ikhombisa izithombe zikaMonsanto uRobb Fraley enikeza inkulumo; lapho ilungu lezilaleli limbuza ngezifundo ezixhumanisa i-glyphosate nomdlavuza noma ukukhubazeka kokuzalwa, uFraley waqhweba isandla sakhe ngokunganaki wathi zonke lezo zifundo "zingumbumbulu wesayensi."

IQINISO: Ubufakazi obuvela ezifundweni zezilwane kanye nemininingwane ye-epidemiological eshicilelwe emaphephabhukwini ahloniphekile axhumanisa i-glyphosate nemithelela emibi eminingi efaka umdlavuza kanye nezinkinga zokuzalwa.

FAKA ISICELO: Umlimi uthi i-glyphosate “inobuthi obuncane kakhulu; iphansi kunekhofi, iphansi kunosawoti. ”

IQINISO: Ukuqhathanisa ubuthi bokuvezwa kwesikhashana kwe-glyphosate ezintweni ezifana nekhofi noma usawoti akubalulekile futhi kuyadukisa; Ukukhathazeka ngezixhumanisi zomdlavuza kususelwa ekuvezweni okungapheli, okuhlala isikhathi eside ku-glyphosate.

SOURCE: IFood Evolution yakhiqizwa nguScott Hamilton Kennedy, elandiswa nguNeil deGrasse Tyson futhi yaxhaswa yi-Institute for Food Technologists, iqembu lezebhizinisi lezimboni. Izitshudeni eziningi ziyibize ngo ifilimu ye-propaganda, futhi abantu abaningana okwaxoxwa nabo ngefilimu bachaza i- inqubo yokuqopha ngobuqili nenenkohliso. UProfesa we-NYU uMarion Nestle ucele ukukhishwa kule filimu, kodwa umqondisi wenqaba.

Inkundla Yabesifazane Ezimele

IMF iwebhusayithi (Agasti 2018)

FAKA ISICELO: "Iqiniso liwukuthi, i-glyphosate akuyona i-carcinogenic."

IQINISO: Lo mbhalo kaJulie Gunlock awunikeli usekelo lwesayensi ngezimangalo zawo; okuwukuphela kwezixhumanisi okuholela kumabhulogi e-IWF angaphambilini asola amaqembu ezemvelo ngokuqamba amanga futhi "esabisa omama ngokungadingekile."

SOURCEIsithangami Esizimele Sabesifazane ithuthukisa imikhiqizo kagwayi, iphika isayensi yezulu kanye nabalingani neMonsanto emicimbini yokuvikela izibulala-zinambuzane. I-IWF ixhaswa kakhulu yizisekelo zamaphiko angakwesokudla ezikhuthaza ukwehliswa kwemithetho yezimboni ezingcolisa.

I-International Food Information Council

IFIC iwebhusayithi  (Janawari 2016)

FAKA ISICELO: "Ukuzimisela kwe-IARC [ukuthi i-glyphosate iyi-carcinogen yomuntu okungenzeka] kutholakale ngochwepheshe abaningi ukuthi bakhiphe ngaphandle inqwaba yezifundo ezingatholanga bufakazi bokuthi i-glyphosate iyicancer. Ochwepheshe baphinde bathola ukuthi ukubuyekezwa kwe-IARC kususelwa kusayensi enamaphutha nengenalusizo, abanye baze bafika ngisho ekutheni isiphetho 'besingalungile neze.' ”

IQINISO: I-IFIC incike emithonjeni yezimboni ngalezi zimangalo, exhumanisa nezindatshana zikaVal Giddings, PhD, owayengumphathi weqembu lezokuhweba waphenduka Umxhumanisi we-PR embonini yezolimo; noKeith Solomon, isazi sezobuthi owaye kuqashwe uMonsanto ukuhlola umbiko we-IARC.

SOURCE: The Umkhandlu Wezokwaziswa Wokudla Womhlaba Wonke, exhaswa yizinkampani ezinkulu zokudla namakhemikhali, ithuthukisa futhi ivikele ushukela, okokunandisa okokuzenzela, izithasiselo zokudla, izibulala-zinambuzane, ukudla okusetshenzwe nama-GMO. Uhlelo lwe-Monsanto PR lukhonjwe i-IFIC njengomunye "wabalingani bemboni" lokho kungasiza ukuvikela i-glyphosate ekukhathazekeni komdlavuza.

Lesi sithombe esithunyelwe ekhasini le-IFIC glyphosate (bese sisuswa ngemuva kokuthi sisinakile) siyisibonelo sohlobo lwemiyalezo umkhakha wezokudla oyisebenzisayo ukuzama ukukholisa abesifazane ukuthi bathembe “ochwepheshe” babo. 

Izibopho zikaPamela Ronald's to Chemical Industry Front Groups

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Kubuyekezwe ngoJuni 2019

UPamela Ronald, PhD, uprofesa wezifo zezitshalo e-University of California, uDavis nombhali wencwadi yango-2008 ethi “Tomorrow's Table,” ungummeli owaziwayo wokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Okungaziwa kakhulu iqhaza likaDkt. Ronald ezinhlanganweni eziziveza njengabantu abazimele ngaphandle kwezimboni, kodwa empeleni basebenzisana nezinhlangano zamakhemikhali ukukhuthaza nokunxenxa ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, ezinhlelweni ezingafihli lutho emphakathini. 

Ixhumana neqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo

UPamela Ronald unobudlelwano obuningi neqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo, i IGenetic Literacy Project, kanye nomqondisi wayo omkhulu, uJon Entine. Ubasize ngezindlela eziningi. Ngokwesibonelo, imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi ngonyaka wezi-2015, UDkt. Ronald uqoke u-Entine njengomuntu ophakeme futhi ofundisa ezokuxhumana kwezesayensi e-UC Davis, futhi wabambisana ne-Genetic Literacy Project ukusingatha imboni yezolimo exhaswe ngemali umcimbi womlayezo abaqeqeshe abahlanganyeli ukuthi bangayikhangisa kanjani imikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project ichazwe ku umklomelo Okwezwe uphenyo njenge “website eyaziwayo yenkulumo-ze” eyadlala indima enkulu emkhankasweni weMonsanto wokuhlambalaza umbiko wenhlangano yocwaningo lomdlavuza yeWorld Health Organisation ngeglyphosate. Kwi Idokhumenti ka-2015 PR, IMonsanto ikhombe i-Genetic Literacy Project phakathiabalingani bemboni ” inkampani ihlele ukuzibandakanya "nokuhlela ukukhala" ngombiko womdlavuza. I-GLP kusukela lapho isishicilele izindatshana eziningi ezihlasela ososayensi bomdlavuza njenge- "anti-chemical enviros" eyaqamba amanga futhi yazibandakanya nayo inkohlakalo, ukuhlanekezela, ukufihla nokukhwabanisa.

I-Entine inezibopho zesikhathi eside embonini yamakhemikhali; umsebenzi wakhe uhlanganisa ukuvikela izibulala-zinambuzane, industrial Amakhemikhali, amapulasitiki, ukukhwabanisa, Kanye imboni kawoyela, imvamisa nge ukuhlaselwa kososayensi, izintatheli futhi izifundiswa.  Faka umkhankaso i-Genetic Literacy Project ngo-2011 lapho UMonsanto wayeyikhasimende yenkampani yakhe yezobudlelwano nomphakathi. I-GLP ekuqaleni ehlotshaniswa ne-STATS, izintatheli zeqembu elingenzi nzuzo zichaze njenge- “umkhankaso we-disinformation”Lokho imbewu ingabaza isayensi futhi “eyaziwa ngokuvikela kwayo imboni yamakhemikhali. " 

Ngo-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project yathuthela enhlanganweni entsha yabazali, i-Science Literacy Project. Ukufakwa kwentela kwe-IRS ngalowo nyaka kubonisiwe ukuthi uDkt. Ronald wayeyilungu lebhodi eyasungula i-Science Literacy Project, kodwa ama-imeyili kusuka ngo-Agasti 2018 khombisa ukuthi uDkt. Ronald uqinisekise u-Entine ukuthi asuse igama lakhe kwifomu lentela ngemuva kokuthi kwaziwe ukuthi ubhalwe lapho (ifomu elichitshiyelwe lentela selikhona manje kuyatholakala lapha). UDkt. Ronald ubhalele u-Entine, “Angizange ngisebenze kuleli bhodi futhi angizange nginike mvume yokuthi igama lami libhalwe. Ngicela uthathe izinyathelo ngokushesha ukwazisa i-IRS ukuthi igama lami lifakwe ohlwini ngaphandle kwemvume. ” U-Entine ubhale ukuthi unezinkumbulo ezihlukile. “Ngikhumbula kahle ukuthi wavuma ukuba yingxenye yebhodi futhi wahola ibhodi lokuqala… Wawunomdlandla futhi ungisekela empeleni. Akukho kungabaza engqondweni yami ukuthi uvumelane nalokhu. ” Yize kunjalo wavuma ukuzama ukususa igama lakhe embhalweni wentela.

Laba bobabili baphinde baxoxa ngefomu lentela ngoDisemba 2018 ngemuva kokuthi kuthunyelwe leli phepha. Kubhale u-Entine, “Ngikubhalile ku-original 990 ngokususelwa engxoxweni yocingo lapho uvumile ukuba khona ebhodini. Ngesikhathi ungimelela ukuthi awuvumelani nalokhu, ngicishe irekhodi njengoba ubucelile. ” Ku- enye i-imeyili ngalolo suku, ukhumbuze uDkt. Ronald ukuthi “empeleni ubuhlangene nale 'nhlangano: njengoba besisebenza ndawonye, ​​ngaphandle komzamo nangokwakhayo, ekwenzeni ikamu lamabhuzu enyuvesi yakho libe yimpumelelo enkulu.”  

Amafomu entela eSayensi Literacy Project manje abala amalungu amathathu ebhodi: Entine; UDrew Kershen, owayenguprofesa wezomthetho futhi owayesebhodini le- “Academics Review,” iqembu elalithi lizimele ngenkathi ithola izimali zayo ezinkampanini zezolimo; futhi UGeoffrey Kabat, ingcweti yezifo ezisebenza ku ibhodi labeluleki besayensi Okwe Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu lelo uthole imali evela kuMonsanto ngomsebenzi wayo wokuvikela ama-pesticides kanye nama-GMO.

Isungulwe, yahola iqembu le-UC Davis eliphakamisa imizamo ye-PR yomkhakha

UDkt Ronald wayengumqondisi osungula iWorld Food Center's Isikhungo Sokufunda Nokufunda Kwezolimo (IFAL), iqembu elasungulwa e-2014 e-UC Davis lokuqeqesha ubuhlakani kanye nabafundi ukukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, izitshalo nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Leli qembu alizivezi ngokugcwele izimali zalo.

Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald unikele UJon Entine neqembu lakhe eliphambili embonini I-Genetic Literacy Project yesikhulumi e-UC Davis, ukuqoka i-Entine njengomuntu omkhulu ongakhokhiwe we-IFAL kanye nomfundisi nomeluleki ohlelweni lokuthweswa iziqu kwezokuxhumana kwezesayensi. U-Entine akaseyena umngani e-UC Davis. Bona incwadi yethu yango-2016 eya kwiWorld Food Center ebuza ngezimali ze-Entine ne-IFAL kanye nabo incazelo engacacile mayelana nokuthi uxhaso lwabo luvelaphi.

NgoJulayi 2014, uDkt. Ronald waveza ku-imeyili asebenza naye ukuthi u-Entine wayeyi- umhlanganyeli obalulekile ongabanika iziphakamiso ezinhle zokuthi bangaxhumana nobani ukuze bathole imali eyengeziwe ngomcimbi wokuqala we-IFAL. NgoJuni 2015, i-IFAL yabamba iqhaza "Ikamu lokuqala le-Biotech Literacy Project”Nge-Genetic Literacy Project kanye ne- Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo zeqembu leMonsanto. Abahleli bathi lo mcimbi uxhaswe yimithombo yezemfundo, kahulumeni neyezimboni, kepha imithombo engeyona eyezimboni iyenqabile ukuxhasa le micimbi kanye ne kuphela umthombo wokuthola imali ongalandeleka uvela embonini, ngokusho kokubikwa kukaPaul Thacker ku-The Progressive.

Amarekhodi entela akhombisa lokho kubuyekezwa kwezifundo, okwakuthola okwayo imali evela embonini yezolimo iqembu lokuhweba, lisebenzise u- $ 162,000 engqungqutheleni yezinsuku ezintathu e-UC Davis. Inhloso yekamu ebhuthini, ngokwe-ajenda, bekuzoqeqesha nokuxhasa ososayensi, izintatheli nabaphenyi bezemfundo ukuze banxenxe umphakathi kanye nabenzi benqubomgomo ngezinzuzo zama-GMO nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Izikhulumi enkanjini yebhuthi i-UC Davis zifakiwe UJay Byrne, Owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana ezinkampanini kaMonsanto; Hank campbell yezimali ezixhaswa yiMonsanto Umkhandlu waseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo; osolwazi abanezibopho zomkhakha ezingadalulwanga ezifana USolwazi Emeritus Bruce Chassy wase-University of Illinois futhi USolwazi Kevin Folta waseYunivesithi yaseFlorida; UCami Ryan, manje osebenzela iMonsanto; UDavid Ropeik, umxhumanisi wokuqonda ngobungozi onenkampani ye-PR amaklayenti afaka iDow neBayer; kanye nabanye ababambisene nomkhakha wezolimo.

Izikhulumi eziyinhloko kwakunguDkt. Ronald, UYvette d'Entremont uSci Babe, "umxhumanisi wezesayensi" ovikela izibulala-zinambuzane neziswidi zokufakelwa ngenkathi ethatha imali ezinkampanini ezidayisa leyo mikhiqizo, noTed Nordhaus we-Breakthrough Institute. (UNordhaus naye wabalwa njengelungu lebhodi leSayensi Literacy Project kwifomu lokuqala lentela lika-2015/2016, kodwa igama lakhe lasuswa kanye noDkt. Ronald's kwifomu echitshiyelwe i-Entine efakwe ngo-2018; uNordhaus uthe akakaze asebenze ebhodini.)

Ukupheka ukuduba kukaChipotle

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald noJon Entine babambisene ekuthumeleni imiyalezo ukudicilela phansi abagxeki bokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Kwesinye isikhathi, uDkt. Ronald uphakamise ukuthi ahlele ukuduba ngokumelene nechungechunge lokudlela laseChipotle ngenxa yesinqumo salo sokunikela nokuphromotha ukudla okungewona okwe-GMO.

Ngo-Ephreli 2015, uDkt Ronald wathumela i-imeyili i-Entine futhi U-Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, owayeyisisebenzi sangaphambilini seMonsanto nochwepheshe wezokweluleka ngokubambisana e-UC Davis, ukusikisela ukuthi bathole umfundi ozobhala ngabalimi abasebenzisa izibulala-zinambuzane ezinobuthi kakhulu ukutshala ummbila ongewona owe-GMO. "Ngiphakamisa ukuthi silazise leli qiniso (uma nje sesithole imininingwane) bese sihlela ukuduba kwe-chipotle, ”Kubhala uDkt Ronald. U-Entine wayalela umlingani wakhe ukuthi abhale i-athikili ye-Genetic Literacy Project ngesihloko esithi "ukusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane kuvame ukukhuphuka" lapho abalimi beshintshela kwimodeli engeyona eye-GMO ukuhlinzeka izindawo zokudlela ezinjengeChipotle. I- esihlokweni, obhaliswe ngokuhlanganyela ngu-Entine futhi etusa ubulungu bakhe be-UC Davis, wehluleka ukufakazela leso simangalo ngedatha.

Iqembu le-biotech spin elenziwe ngokubambisana iBioFortified

UDkt. Ronald wasungula futhi wakhonza njengelungu lebhodi (2012-2015) le I-Biology Fortified, Inc. (i-Biofortified), iqembu elithuthukisa ama-GMO kanye ineqembu lesishoshovu sozakwethu lokho kuyahlela imibhikisho yokubhekana nabagxeki baseMonsanto. Abanye babaholi beBiofortified kufaka phakathi ilungu lebhodi lokusungula uDavid Tribe, isazi sezofuzo e-University of Melbourne owasungula Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo, iqembu elalizimele ngenkathi ethola izimali zezimboni, futhi esebenzisana ne-IFAL ukusingatha iBiotech Literacy Project “camp boot” e-UC Davis.

Owayelilungu lebhodi uKevin Folta (2015-2018), usosayensi wezitshalo eNyuvesi yaseFlorida isihloko sendaba yeNew York Times ebika ukuthi udukise umphakathi ngokusebenzisana kwemboni okungadalulwanga. Ama-blogger ase-Biofortified afaka uSteve Savage, owake waba khona Isisebenzi saseDuPont saphenduka umxhumanisi wemboni; UJoe Ballanger, a umxhumanisi weMonsanto; no-Andrew Kniss, one uthole imali evela kuMonsanto. Imibhalo iphakamisa ukuthi amalungu eBiofortified axhumene nge imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane emkhankasweni wokunxenxa ukuphikisa imikhawulo yezibulala-zinambuzane eHawaii.

Udlale indima ehamba phambili kumabhayisikobho e-propaganda axhaswa ngezimboni

UDkt. Ronald uveze ngokugqamile kwiFood Evolution, ifilimu eliwumbhalo mayelana nokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okuxhaswa yiqembu lezokuhweba i-Institute for Food Technologists. Inqwaba yezifundiswa zinayo wabiza inkulumo-ze yefilimu, nabantu abambalwa okwaxoxwa nabo ngefilimu ichaze inqubo ekhohlisayo yokuqopha ifilimu futhi wathi imibono yabo ikhishwe kumongo.

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2017/06/gmo-industry-propaganda-film-food-evolution/

Umeluleki womkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi obususelwa eCornell

UDkt Ronald usebhodini lokweluleka leCornell Alliance for Science, umkhankaso we-PR ozinze eCornell University okhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane usebenzisa imiyalezo yezimboni zezolimo. Ixhaswe ngokuyinhloko yiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, iCornell Alliance for Science inayo waphikisana nokusetshenziswa koMthetho Wenkululeko Yolwazi ukuphenya izikhungo zikahulumeni, udukise umphakathi ngolwazi olungaqondile nezithunywa eziphakeme ezingathembekile; bheka imibhalo ekhasini lethu lamaqiniso.

Uthola imali evela embonini yezolimo

Imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know ikhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald uthola isinxephezelo ezinkampanini zezolimo ukuze akhulume emicimbini lapho ekhuthaza khona ama-GMO kubabukeli abakhulu izinkampani ezifuna ukubathonya, njengodokotela bezokudla. Ama-imeyili asuka kuNovemba 2012 ahlinzeka ngesibonelo sendlela uDkt Ronald asebenza ngayo nezinkampani.

Umsebenzi waseMonsanto uWendy Reinhardt Kapsak, udokotela wezokudla owake wasebenzela imboni yokudla spin iqembu IFIC, wamema uRonald ukuba azokhuluma ezingqungqutheleni ezimbili ngo-2013, iFood 3000 kanye ne-Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference ne-Expo. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi laba ababili kuxoxiswane ngezimali nokuthengwa kwezincwadi futhi wavuma ukuthi uDkt. Ronald uzokhuluma eFood 3000, ingqungquthela eyayihlelwe yinkampani ye-PR uPorter Novelli uKapsak athi izofinyelela "kwabezindaba abaphezulu abangama-90 ababa nomthelela wokudla kanye nabadlondlobele." (UDkt. Ronald ukhokhe u- $ 3,000 kulo mcimbi). UKapsak ucele buyekeza amaslayidi kaDkt. Ronald bese usetha ucingo lokuxoxa ngemiyalezo. Futhi kuphaneli bekukhona umongameli uMary Chin (udokotela wezokudla okwathi ubonisana neMonsanto), kanye nabamele iBill & Melinda Gates Foundation neMonsanto, noKapsak enikeza izinkulumo zokuvula. UKapsak ubike kamuva ukuthi iphaneli lithole ukubuyekezwa okukhulu ngabahlanganyeli bethi bazokwabelana ngombono wokuthi, "Kufanele sibe ne-biotech yokusiza ukondla umhlaba. "

Ezinye izingxoxo zokuxhaswa kwezimboni zikaDkt Ronald zifake owe-2014 inkulumo eMonsanto ngoba $ 3,500 kanye namakhophi wencwadi yakhe ayi-100 yena unqabile ukuthumela ku-tweet mayelana; nokubandakanyeka kokukhuluma ngo-2013 akubhalisele IBayer AG nge $ 10,000.

Amaphepha ahoxisiwe

I-Watch Retraction ibike ukuthi, “u-2013 ubungunyaka onzima kusazi sezinto eziphilayo uPamela Ronald. Ngemuva kokuthola iprotheni ebonakala ivusa amasosha omzimba elayisi ukuvikela isifo esivamile sebhaktheriya - esikisela indlela entsha yokwakha izitshalo ezingamelana nezifo - yena nethimba lakhe kwadingeka bahoxise amaphepha amabili ngo-2013 ngemuva kokuthi bengakwazanga ukuphindaphinda abakutholile. Amacala: uhlobo lwebhaktheriya olubhalwe kabi kanye ne-assay eguquguqukayo kakhulu. Kodwa-ke, ukunakekela nokusebenza obala akubonisile kwamzuzela 'ukwenza okulungile'wavuma kithi ngaleso sikhathi. "

Bona ukumbozwa:

"Wenzani ngokuhlehlisa okubuhlungu? I-Q & A enoPamela Ronald noBenjamin Swessinger, " I-Watch Retraction (7.24.2015)

"Ngabe isithunzi sesayensi sikaPamela Ronald, ubuso bomphakathi bamaGMOs, singasindiswa?”NguJonathan Latham, Izindaba Ezizimele Zesayensi (11.12.2013)

"UPamela Ronald wenza okulungile futhi, ehoxisa iphepha leSayensi, " I-Watch Retraction (10.10.2013)

"Ukwenza okulungile: Abaphenyi bahoxisa iphepha lokuzwa ikhoramu ngemuva kwenqubo yomphakathi, " I-Watch Retraction (9.11.2013)

I-Val Giddings: Ukusebenza Okuphezulu Kwemboni Yezolimo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

I-Val Giddings, i-PhD, ingumdlali ophambili emizamweni yezimboni yezolimo yokuphikisana nemithetho ebonakalayo kanye nezokuphepha yokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know futhi athunyelwa ku- Umtapo Wezincwadi Wemibhalo Yezimboni ze-UCSF kukhombisa ukuthi uDkt. Giddings usize ukusungula iqembu eliphambili lezinkampani futhi wadlala indima ebalulekile ekusithekeni kweminye imisebenzi ukuphoqa uhlelo lokususa izinkampani ezinkulu zezolimo emhlabeni.

UDkt Giddings wayeyiphini likamongameli we-Biotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO), okuyiqembu lezokuhweba lezinkampani ze-agrichemical kanye ne-biotechnology. Manje uphethe inkampani yabeluleki i-PrometheusAB, futhi ungumuntu ophakeme ku-Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF).

I-ITIF iyithangi lokucabanga ixhaswe izimboni zemithi, ezingenantambo, ezokuxhumana ngocingo, ezamafilimu nezama-biotech, aziwa kakhulu nge ukuphikisana “nokungathathi hlangothi ngokuphelele"Futhi ukugqugquzela i-ajenda yomkhakha wezobuchwepheshe. Iqembu yathuthela ku-biotechnology ngo-2011 noDkt. Giddings. Amalungu eCongress asebenza "njengosihlalo abahloniphekile" be-ITIF, kufaka phakathi nabameli baseMelika U-Anna Eshoo (D-CA), UDarrell Issa (R-CA) kanye namaSenat I-Orrin Hatch (R-UT) futhi UChris Coons (D-DE), kubonakala sengathi bayasekela futhi basiza amasu kagwayi uDkt Giddings awasebenzisile ukuthuthukisa izintshisekelo zomkhakha wezolimo.

Kuphekwe iqembu eliphambili lezemfundo ukudicilela phansi abagxeki beMonsanto

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know akhombisa ukuthi uDkt. Giddings ubambe iqhaza elibalulekile ekumiseni Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa njengeqembu eliphambili owathi ngamanga wazimela ngenkathi ethatha imali yezimboni zezolimo futhi ezama ukugcina izigxivizo zeminwe zenkampani zifihliwe.

Abanye abahleli abakhulu babekhona UJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana ezinkampani eMonsanto; UBruce Chassy, ​​PhD, uprofesa osafufusa eNyuvesi yase-Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign; futhi U-Eric Sachs, PhD, umqondisi wenqubomgomo yokulawula nezindaba zesayensi eMonsanto.

Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo kungamanga izimangalo kuwebhusayithi yayo ukuthi ayemukeli imali yenkampani noma icela iminikelo yemisebenzi ethile; kepha ngokusho kwamafomu entela, iningi lemali yokuxhaswa kwe-Academics Review ivela kuMkhandlu Wezolwazi Lwezinto Eziphilayo, iqembu lokuhweba elixhaswe futhi liphethwe izinkampani ezinkulu zamakhemikhali emhlabeni: I-BASF, iBayer / iMonsanto, iDowDuPont neSyngenta / ChemChina.

Umugqa wesikhathi wemicimbi ebalulekile yokubuyekezwa kwezifundo:

NgoMashi 11, 2010: Byrne noDkt Chassy uxoxe ngokusungula ukubuyekeza kwe-Academics njengeqembu langaphambili ukukhomba abagxeki bama-GMO nezibulala-zinambuzane ngosizo oluvela kuDkt Giddings. U-Byrne uthe yena noDkt. Giddings bangasebenza "njengezimoto ezithengiswayo" ukuxhuma amabhizinisi ezinkampani kuphrojekthi "ngendlela esiza ukuqinisekisa ukuthembeka nokuzimela (futhi ngaleyo ndlela kube nenani) labanikeli / abanikazi bokuqala ..." UByrne uqaphele ukuthi uyathuthuka yeMonsanto uhlu lwabagxeki bezimboni zezolimo abazolubhekisa:

NgoMashi 24, 2010:  UDkt Chassy umkhankaso iwebsite ye-Academics Review kanye noDavid Tribe, PhD, umfundisi omkhulu eNyuvesi yaseMelbourne, e-Australia, bobabili abesilisa ababalwe njengabaqambi bezifundo.

Ngo-Novemba 23, 2010: UDkt Giddings noDkt Chassy baxoxe ngokuthi yiziphi izinkampani namaqembu ezimboni kungenzeka "iponele" Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa ukuphikisa iphepha lokho kwagxeka u-soy owenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo.

  • "Ngibheja ukuthi singaletha ukusekelwa okuhloniphekile ngakho," kusho uDkt. Giddings ebhalela uDkt. Chassy.
  • UChassy uphendule ngokwengxenye, "Ngibheja abangani bethu eMonsanto bazovuma ukubhala lesi sinqumo bese besikhokhela ukuthi sikuthumele."
  • UGiddings ubhale wathi, "Ngicabanga ukuthi abafana bakasoya bangase bazimisele ukwenza iphoyinti elithile ukuze babhale ukuphikiswa… Uma senza lokhu kahle singasebenzisa i-AcaRev Brand lapha kancane."

Ngemuva kwesonto, UDkt Chassy ubuze u-Eric Sachs uma uMonsanto ehlela ukuphikisa iphepha le-soy, futhi watshela iSachs: "IBhodi lase-US Soybean lizojabulisa isiphakamiso esivela kimi noGraham Brookes sokuphendula kuleso siqephu." (Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo kuthumele i- impendulo kusuka kwaCassy naseBrookes ngonyaka wezi-2012 kungadalulwa lutho ngabaxhasi.)

Ngo-Novemba 30, 2010: Ekushintshaneni nge-imeyili noDkt. Chassy, ​​u-Eric Sachs waseMonsanto uthe angasiza ekugqugquzeleni umuthi wokubulala izinambuzane kanye ne-GMO amaqembu okuhweba embonini ukuxhasa ukubukezwa kwezifundo. "Ukhiye kuzoba ukugcina iMonsanto ingemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi," kubhala uSachs.

Agasti 2011: UDkt Giddings ufake isiphakamiso ku iqembu lezokuhweba elixhaswe ngezimboni yi-CBI kwephrojekthi: "esikwenzayo ngonyaka ozayo ngqo kungumsebenzi wokuxhaswa esingakuthola," ubhalele uMqondisi Ophethe we-CBI u-Ariel Gruswich, nge-imeyili ekopishelwe uDkt. I-Chassy ne-Tribe. UGruswich unxuse la madoda ukuba ahlanganyele ucingo neqembu lakhe: "Ngikholwa ngempela ukuthi ukuzwa ngqo kini nonke kuzokhulisa amathuba okuxhaswa ezinkampanini," ubhale kanje. Amarekhodi entela akhombisa ukuthi i-CBI exhaswe yinkampani inikeze i-Academics Review $ 650,000 kusuka 2014 kuya 2016 "ukufinyelela kwesayensi."

April 2014: I-Academics Review ishicilele umbiko ohlasela imboni yezimboni njengomkhonyovu wokumaketha, futhi abathi bayiqembu elizimele elingenakho ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo. Bona: "Izigxivizo zeminwe zeMonsanto zitholakale yonke indawo ihlaselwa ngokudla okunemvelo, ” nguStacy Malkan, Huffington Post

Ososayensi abaqeqeshwe ngezimboni abaqeqeshwe yizintatheli, izintatheli ukuthi zingawajikisa kanjani ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides  

Imali engaphezulu kwama- $ 300,000 embonini yamakhemikhali uDkt Giddings isize ukukhulisa i-Academics Review yaya ukukhokhela izingqungquthela ezimbili ezibizwa nge- Izinkambu zebhuthi ze- “Biotech Literacy Project”, ebanjelwe University of Florida e 2014 futhi UC Davis ngo-2015, ngokusho kwamarekhodi entela. Amakamu ama-boot - ahlelwe yi-Academics Review nelinye iqembu eliphambili embonini,  Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project - izintatheli eziqeqeshiwe nososayensi ukuthi bangayiqamba kanjani kabusha impikiswano mayelana nama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Bona: “Ukuhlwanyela ama-GMO: Imboni ye-Biotech iyikhulisa kanjani imithombo yezindaba efanelekile - futhi ayikukhuthazi ukugxekwa, ”NguPaul Thacker, I-Progressive

Ukususa ama-GMO kokulawula: "shaya yonke into embi"

Kuma-imeyili angoFebhuwari 2015, uDkt. Giddings uxoxe ngezifundiswa eziningana ngohlelo lokubhala amaphepha amahlanu ephephabhuku aphikisana nesidingo sokususwa komthetho embonini ye-biotech. UDkt. Giddings ubhale ukuthi la maphepha kufanele abambe, “lokhu engikubiza ngokuthi ingxabano kaHenry ethi 'Blow the whole damn thing up', okuyicala engicabanga ukuthi kufanele lenziwe.” Uprofesa wezomthetho wase-University of Arizona uGary Marchant, owaqala ukushintshana ngama-imeyili, wachaza, "iphepha 1 kuhloswe ngalo ukuthi kube yilo elihlasela isihloko sonke."

Alan McHughen, uthisha womkhakha womphakathi e-UC Riverside futhi “Uchwepheshe wenxusa” yezimboni zezolimo ezixhaswe ngemali umkhankaso wokumaketha Izimpendulo ze-GMO, unikele ukubhala iphepha 1. UHenry Miller, MD, uthe angasiza kepha kuningi abengakusebenzisa ukuze abe ngumbhali oyinhloko. (Ngemuva kwenyanga, uMiller wathumela isihloko ku Forbes ukuthi the New York Times kamuva wembula kwakubhalwe ghost nguMonsanto.)

Abanye abakopishe nge-imeyili mayelana namaphepha wephephabhuku babe UDrew Kershen weYunivesithi yase-Oklahoma College of Law; UGuy Cardineau, UYvonne Stevens futhi ULauren Burkhart wase-Arizona State University; USteven Strauss Oregon State University; UKevin Folta weYunivesithi yaseFlorida; UShane Morris we Ezemvelo Canada; U-Alison Van Eenennaam ka-UC Davis; UJoanna Sax weCalifornia Western School of Law; futhi UThomas Reddick we-Global Environmental Ethics Council.

Incwadi esayinwe ngusosayensi edidiyelwe ephikisana nocwaningo lweSeralini

NgoSepthemba 2012, uDkt Giddings uxhumanise incwadi yokungena ngemvume yososayensi kunxusa uWallace Hayes, umhleli oyinhloko we Ukudla kanye Nezokwelapha Kwezolimo, ukucabanga kabusha ngephepha likaSepthemba 2012 ngumcwaningi waseFrance uGilles-Éric Séralini owabika izicubu kumagundane ezondla ukudla kommbila we-Roundup-tolerant GM. Leli phepha lahlehliswa ngemuva konyaka futhi laphinde lashicilelwa komunye umagazini.

Ukusiza ukuxhumanisa isibonakaliso encwadini, uDkt. esetshenziselwa ukuxhumanisa imisebenzi yokuthumela imiyalezo nokunxenxa. Omunye uprofesa osayine le ncwadi, uChris Leaver, uqaphele ukuthi "ubekade enza ngemuva kwezigcawu echaza ngeSense About Science" mayelana nocwaningo lwaseSéralini. I-Sense About Science inomlando omude of ukuphotha isayensi ukuze kuzuze izintshisekelo zebhizinisi.

Ababhalisi be- Incwadi kuya Ukudla kanye Nezokwelapha Kwezolimo ngamashumi URobert Wager, U-Alda Lerayer, UNina Fedoroff, Giddings, USteve Strauss, UChris Leaver, Shanthu Shantharam, Ingo Potrykus, UMarc Fellous, Moises Burachik, UKlaus-Dieter Jany, U-Anthony Trewavas, C Kameswara Rao, CS Prakash, Henry Miller, UKent Bradford, ISelim Cetiner, U-Alan McHughen, ULuis De Stefano-Beltrán, UBruce Chassy, ISalbah Al-Momin, UMartina Newell-McGloughlin, UKlaus Ammann, URonald Herring, ULucia de Souza.

Okuhlobene:Ama-imeyili atholakele: IMonsanto ixhunywe emkhankasweni wokuhoxisa iphepha le-GMO, " I-Watch Retraction

Abalimi abangomama abaphakanyisiwe kufanele bafake ama-GMO

Ezingxoxweni ne-lobbyist yeMonsanto mayelana nokuthi ingahlulwa kanjani imikhankaso yokufaka ilebula ye-GMO eColorado nase-Oregon ngo-2014, uDkt. Giddings uphakamise ukuthi “abalimi abangomama” ababukeka kahle bazoba yizithunywa ezinhle kakhulu zokudambisa ukukhathazeka ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. “Okudingwa yisimo ukuthi indawo yezindawo ze-TV ezinabesifazane abasha abakhangayo, okungcono abalimi bomama, echaza ukuthi kungani ukudla okutholwe nge-biotech kuphephe kakhulu futhi kuluhlaza kunazo zonke emlandweni we-ag futhi okufanele ukwesekwa, ”uDkt. Giddings ubhalele uLisa Drake, umkhokheli kaMonsanto wezindaba zikahulumeni.

NgoSepthemba 2015 ikhasi lokuqala New York Times story, ophumelele amahlandla amathathu iPulitzer Prize Eric Lipton uchaze ama-imeyili:

"Ku lokhu kunwetshwa kwe-imeyili okunwetshiwe, abanye bososayensi nezifundiswaabaye baqashwa ukusiza iMonsanto ukuthi iphushe umbuzo wayo wokuthi ngabe bayizithunywa ezihamba phambili yini. Ababili basikisela ukuthi iMonsanto isebenzise izikhangiso eziningi zethelevishini ezinabalimi esikhundleni salokho. I-Monsanto lobbyist iphendula ukuthi ukuvota kukhombisa ukuthi umphakathi uyakholelwa ososayensi. Empeleni le nkampani isivele inezikhangiso ze-TV ezinabalimi besifazane. ”

Bona: “Imboni yezokudla ibhalise izifundiswa kwi-GMO ebeka impi, ama-imeyili akhombisa, ”Ngu-Eric Lipton, New York Times.

UKeith Kloor: Indlela intatheli yesayensi esebenza ngayo ekusithekeni nabalingani bemboni

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UKeith Kloor uyintatheli ezisebenza ngokuzimela futhi uyilungu le-adjunct journalism faculty e University of New York obhalele i- Imvelo, Isayensi Ngaphakathi, Isilayidi kanye nezindatshana eziningi ze- Thola Umagazini ukugqugquzela ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo nokuhlasela abagxeki bemboni yezolimo, kuyilapho kusizwa nabalingani bemboni ekusithekeni.

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know, athunyelwe ku- Umtapo Wezincwadi Wemibhalo Yezimboni ze-UCSF, iveze izimo lapho uKloor aqeqesha futhi ahlela khona imithombo yakhe, afihla izimboni zomthombo womthombo, futhi abike ngokukhethekile ngolwazi ngezindlela eziqinisa ukulandisa kwemboni. UKloor unqabile ukuphendula imibuzo yalesi sihloko.

Ukukhululwa kokukhetha, okukhethiwe kwama-imeyili we-FOIA

Kusukela ngo-2015 kuya ku-2017, iKloor ibike ukuthi Nature, Isayensi Insider, Discover, Izinkinga Kwezesayensi Nobuchwepheshe, Futhi Slate on a uphenyo lwamarekhodi womphakathi yi-US Right to Know eveze ubudlelwano obungadalulwanga phakathi kwemboni yezolimo kanye nezifundiswa ezixhaswe esidlangalaleni ezithuthukisa imikhiqizo yezolimo, kufaka phakathi USolwazi Kevin Folta wase-University of Florida. Kuzozonke izingcezu ezishicilelwe, uKloor wafaka izicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi njengomthwalo ongadingekile kwizifundiswa.

Ama-imeyili atholakele ngezicelo zamarekhodi wombuso aveza ukuthi uKloor uqobo wayeyingxenye yendaba ayebika ngayo; ubekade ehambele izingqungquthela zokuqeqesha imiyalezo ezixhaswe umkhakha wezolimo noDkt. Folta futhi wasiza uDkt Folta ngokuthumela imiyalezo. Ukuxhumana kukhombisa ukuthi uDkt Folta welule isandla kuKloor ukuze asikisele ukuthi akhululwe ama-imeyili akhe “ngaphambi kokulungiselela” ukusiza ukunciphisa umonakalo wamadokhumende - uKloor akwenzayo, kumagazini Nature. Ngesikhathi esifanayo lapho uKloor ebekhuluma ngendaba yezincwadi eziphambili zesayensi, amadokhumende akhombisa ukuthi wabamba iqhaza ezingxoxweni nabangaphakathi embonini mayelana nezinselelo ezibangelwa izicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi.

Umugqa wesikhathi wokubika nokusebenzisana:

Ukuqeqesha, ukuhlela imithombo; kufihla ubuhlobo bemboni

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uKloor usebenze nemithombo yakhe ekusithekeni ukucija imiyalezo yabo ukusekela imbangela yezimboni yezolimo: ukukholisa abathengi abaqaphile ukwamukela ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Enye yale mithombo kwakungu UDkt Kevin Folta, iNyuvesi yaseFlorida uprofesa owayengumuntu osemqoka uKloor evezwe ezindabeni azibhalela ezincwadini zesayensi ngokusebenza obala kwezemfundo.

Umkhankaso wokuguqula uBill Nye

NgoNovemba 2014, uKloor wasebenzisa eyakhe Discover blog ukufaka inselelo Ukugxeka kukaBill Nye mayelana nama-GMO nge "Incwadi evulekile eya kuBill Nye evela kuSosayensi Wezitshalo" esayinwe nguDkt. Folta. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uKloor ubuzile UDkt Folta ukuphonsela inselelo uNye, weza nomqondo wencwadi evulekile futhi uqeqeshe uDkt Folta ukuthi abhalwa kanjani. Wabe-ke kuhlelwe i-biography kaDkt Folta ukugwema ukubalula imali yezimboni, ngokusho kwama-imeyili.

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uKloor wabhalela uDkt. Folta uhlu lwezinto eziphilayo olufaka phakathi umugqa othi, “Alukho ucwaningo oluxhaswe yiMonsanto.” UDkt. Folta umcele ukuthi alungise leso sigwebo, ebona ukuthi iMonsanto ngokungaqondile ixhase eminye yemizamo yakhe yokufinyelela kubantu nge-biotech nokuthi uthole imali yocwaningo enkampanini encane ye-biotech. UKloor uthathe isinqumo ngomlando ongagwegwesi ukubalula ngezimali zemboni kaDkt Folta ngokuphelele: “Ucwaningo lwakhe luxhaswe yizinhlangano zombuso nezikahulumeni.”

Ku-imeyili engezansi, uKloor unikeze uDkt Folta umhlahlandlela wokuthi uyibhalela kanjani uNye incwadi:

Cishe ngaleso sikhathi, iMonsanto nayo yayinxenxa uNye ukuthi ashintshe isikhundla sakhe kuma-GMO, ekugcineni waphumelela ukwenza. Mashi 2015 Washington Post indaba mayelana nokuguquka kukaNye kwasho ukuthi ukugxeka kukaNye amaGMO “kwacasula ososayensi abaningi,” kodwa kwaxhunyaniswa kuphela nencwadi kaDkt Folta kubhulogi likaKloor.

Thola: "Akuyona inqubomgomo yethu yokwazisa imithombo"

Ama-imeyili avela ngo-Agasti 2014 akhombisa uKloor enikeza iseluleko semiyalezo kuDkt Folta kanye nomunye umthombo, uDkt Karl Haro von Mogel, umqondisi wezindaba Iqembu lephromoshini le-GMO iBiofortified. UKloor ubacele ukuba bahlaziye udaba lukaCarole Bartolotto, udokotela wezokudla obebhale ngokugxeka ngama-GMO. Ama-imeyili akhombisa lokho UKloor ukuhlelile ukuphawula nezindlela eziphakanyisiwe zokuqinisa imiyalezo: “Iseluleko sami: gcina ulimi lungathathi hlangothi futhi lungahluleli ngangokunokwenzeka. Ubheke abantu abahlala kocingo, abangahle bavinjwe ulimi olukhulunywa kabi. ”

UKloor uthumele ukugxekwa kweBartolotto kweyakhe Discover blog futhi wachaza uDkt. Folta no-von Mogel "njengososayensi ababili abangalutholi uxhaso embonini ye-biotech." Ama-imeyili kamuva aveze ukuthi, emasontweni ambalwa ngaphambili, iMonsanto yayinayo uvumile ukuxhasa ezikaDkt. Folta imizamo yokukhangisa yama-GMO; futhi, ehlobo eledlule, uDkt Folta wahlela ukuvakashela eHawaii eyonxenxa imingcele yokubulala izibulala-zinambuzane ohambweni ihlelwe futhi ikhokhelwa yiqembu lokuhweba lomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane (UDkt von Mogel naye wayefakiwe kulawo ma-imeyili). I-athikili kaKloor isavela ku- Discover iwebhusayithi ngaphandle kokuvuselelwa noma ukulungiswa.

Okwe-2017 Isihloko sokubhalwa kukaHuffington, kubuza intatheli uPaul Thacker Discover umhleli wephephabhuku u-Becky Lang ukuze aphawule ngama-imeyili eBartolotto. ULang unqabile ukuphawula ngokuningiliziwe, kodwa wathi: “Impela, akusiyo inqubomgomo yethu manje, futhi akukaze kube njalo, ukugqugquzela imithombo ukuthi ibhale ukugxeka, ukuhlela ukugxeka, bese ikwenza njengokuzimela. Futhi akuyona inqubomgomo yethu ukuthi imithombo yosizo izame ukufihla ubudlelwane bayo bemboni. ” (EzikaKloor Discover I-blog yaphela ngo- yaphela ngo-Ephreli 2015.)

UJon Entine, uxhumano lweProjekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project  

Imibhalo emikhulu kaKloor evikela imboni yezolimo ingabukwa kuwebhusayithi ye I-Genetic Literacy Project, iwebhusayithi yokwazisa yomkhakha wezolimo lokho izindatshana eziningi ebhalwe nguKloor noma ecaphuna umsebenzi wakhe. IGenetic Literacy Project ilawulwa nguJon Entine, osebenza isikhathi eside PR okhuthaza futhi avikele izintshisekelo zemboni yamakhemikhali. U-Entine unguthishanhloko we-PR firm ESG MediaMetrics, amaklayenti akhe afaka iMonsanto. AbakwaKloor no-Entine basebenzisa imiyalezo efanayo futhi babeke izingqinamba ngezindlela ezifanayo, futhi babonakala benobudlelwano obusondelene, ngokusho kwama-imeyili.

Nge-imeyili kaJulayi 2013 eya eqenjini lokwamukela izimboni zezibulala-zinambuzane, u-Entine uchaze uKloor njenge “umngani wami omuhle kakhulu”Ngubani ongasiza ekuthengiseni umhlangano nomunye Discover blogger ukubhala ngemisebenzi yezimboni yezolimo eHawaii. Enye i-imeyili ikhombisa i-Entine exhuma iKloor noRebecca Goldin eGeorge Mason University ukuxoxa "ngokuhlukunyezwa kwe-FOIA." UGoldin usebenza nowayengumqashi we-Entine i-STATS, iqembu lezintatheli elizichaze njengeumkhankaso we-disinformation”Lokho isebenzisa amaqhinga kagwayi kuya kwakha ukungabaza ngengozi yamakhemikhali.

Kwenye i-imeyili evela ngo-Okthoba 2014, uKloor wayeyintatheli kuphela owayefakwe kwi-imeyili exwayisa inkampani yakwaKetchum yezobudlelwano bomphakathi mayelana ukusebenza okungenzeka kube nokugenca kumawebhusayithi ezinkampani yiqembu elingaziwa. I-imeyili ithunyelwe ngu- U-Adrianne Massey, umphathi omkhulu weBiotechnology Industry Association (BIO), eqenjini lababambisene nabo embonini, kufaka phakathi i-Entine.

“Angazi nakancane ukuthi hlobo luni lokuhlaselwa. Izinhlangano ezizimele kungenzeka kube yizo kuphela ezihlose ukuzenza, kepha angifuni ukuthi kulimale noma ngubani kini onibona njengabalingani bezimboni, ”kubhala uMassey.

U-Kloor ungenile ku-imeyili ngu UDkt. Channapatna Prakash, ummeli nomphathi weGMO eTuskegee University. Okunye okufakwe ku-imeyili kwakunguJay Byrne (owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto), I-Val Giddings (owayeyisekela likamongameli wenhlangano yezohwebo ye-biotech), UKarl Haro von Mogel (umqondisi wezindaba we Kwenziwe kabusha), UBruce Chassy noDavid Tribe (ababambisene nabo Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo zeqembu eliphambili leMonsanto), kanye nabanye ababambisene nomkhakha abalulekile abakhuthaza ama-GMO baphinde bagqugquzele ukwehliswa kwemithetho UKevin Folta, Henry Miller, UDrew Kershen, UKlaus AmmannUPiet van der Meer futhi UMartina Newell-McGloughlin.

Abasizi bemboni bavame ukuthuthukisa umsebenzi kaKloor; bona ama-tweets ngo URobb Fraley waseMonsantoUJon Entine, Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project kanye nemboni yezolimo iqembu lokuhweba i-CBI.

Ukufunda okuqhubekayo:

Iphrojekthi kaJon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Izithunywa ze-PR zeMonsanto, iBayer kanye neMboni Yamakhemikhali

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UJon Entine ungumsunguli nomqondisi omkhulu we-Genetic Literacy Project, umlingani oqavile emizamweni yobudlelwano bomphakathi neMonsanto yokuvikela nokuvikela imikhiqizo yezolimo. U-Entine uziveza njengegunya lokulawula isayensi, kepha ubufakazi obuchazwe kuleli qiniso bukhombisa ukuthi usebenza isikhathi eside no-PR ngokuxhumana okujulile nemboni yamakhemikhali futhi uxhaso lwezimboni olungadalulwanga.

Umsuka weProjekthi ye-Genetic Literacy: inkampani yaseMonsanto PR futhi engenzi nzuzo enobudlelwano bakagwayi

U-Entine futhi ungumsunguli futhi uthishanhloko we-ESG MediaMetrics, inkampani yezobudlelwano bomphakathi eyayine IMonsanto njengeklayenti ngo-2011 lapho ifemu kubhaliswe igama lesizinda leGeneticLiteracyProject.org.

U-Entine ngaleso sikhathi wayeqashwa yiStatistical Assessment Services (STATS), iqembu elingenzi nzuzo izintatheli elizichaze njenge “umkhankaso we-disinformation" leyo "kwaziwa ukuthatha izikhundla ezivumela ukuvumelana okungokwesayensi noma ukuchitha ubufakazi obuvelayo bokulimala. ” IGenetic Literacy Project yathuthukiswa "njengohlelo lokuqondiswa kwezigwegwe olunama-STATS," ngokusho kuka izingobo zomlando zewebhu. Ngo-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project yathutha ngaphansi kwesambulela seqembu elisha, iSayensi Literacy Project, elathola ifa le-STATS inombolo kamazisi wentela.

Uphenyo olwenziwe yiMilwaukee Journal Sentinel luthole ukuthi i-STATS ibiyi “umdlali omkhulu emkhankasweni wobudlelwano bomphakathi wokuhlambalaza ukukhathazeka nge-bisphenol A”Nokuthi inhlangano yabazali bayo, iCentre for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA),“ yayingu ikhokhwe ngeminyaka yama-1990 nguPhilip Morris, inkampani kagwayi, ukuze ihlukanise izindaba ezigxeka ukubhema. ” U-Entine wayengumqondisi we-CMPA ngonyaka wezimali ka-2014/2015, ngokusho kumafomu entela.

UMonsanto wayeyiklayenti lenkampani ye-Entine's PR ngenkathi ibhalisa isizinda seProjekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo.

Ozakwethu neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR / ukuhlaselwa kososayensi 

Imibhalo etholwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi futhi kusuka icala elibhekene neMonsanto khombisa ukuthi i-Entine ne-Genetic Literacy Project bayasebenzisana neMonsanto ukukhuthaza nokuvikela ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides, ngaphandle kokudalula ukusebenzisana kwabo:

  • Uhlelo lwe-Monsanto PR lwe-2015 ikhombe i-Genetic Literacy Project njengenye ye "Abalingani bemboni" IMonsanto ihlele ukuzibandakanya emizameni yayo "yokuhlela ukukhala" mayelana a umbiko womdlavuza kusuka ku-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ukuze "kuvikelwe isithunzi" seRoundup. I-GLP ithumele izindatshana ezingaphezu kwama-200 mayelana ne-IARC, eziningana zazo ukuhlaselwa ososayensi othole i-glyphosate carcinogenic njenge ukukhwabanisa futhi abaqambimanga abani kuqhutshwa inzuzo nokuyize.
  • Umklomelo Uphenyo lukaLe Monde mayelana "neMonsanto Papers" ichaze i-Genetic Literacy Project njenge- "webhusayithi eyaziwayo ye-propaganda" "enikezwa abantu be-PR abaxhumene nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane kanye ne-biotechnology," futhi yadlala indima enkulu emizameni kaMonsanto "yokuqeda umdlavuza weZizwe Ezihlangene ukuhlangana nanoma iyiphi indlela. ”
  • Ekugcwalisweni kwenkantolo ngo-2017, abameli babamangali abamangalela iMonsanto ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngomdlavuza we-glyphosate bachaze i-Genetic Literacy Project kanye ne-American Council on Science and Health ngokuthi “izinhlangano ezihlose ukuhlazisa ososayensi nokuqhakambisa imininingwane ewusizo eMonsanto nakwabanye abakhiqizi bamakhemikhali.”
  • Ngo-2014 nango-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project isebenze neMonsanto nenkampani yabo ye-PR ukushicilela nokuphakamisa uchungechunge lwamaphepha e-pro-GMO abhalwe ngosolwazi ngaphandle kokudalulwa kwendima yenhlangano. Bona umbiko weBoston Globe, “Uprofesa waseHarvard wehlulekile ukudalula ukuxhumana kweMonsanto. "
  • Ngokwe-imeyili kaSeptemba 2014, Abaphathi beMonsanto bakhethe i-Genetic Literacy Project “njengendawo yokuqala” yokushicilela amaphepha oprofesa, nokwakha “uhlelo lokuthengisa” nenkampani ye-PR i-CMA ukukhuthaza amaphepha.
  • Inkampani i-PR i-CMA, eseyethiwe kabusha njenge-Look East, iqondiswa nguCharlie Arnot, naye ophethe i- Isikhungo Sobuqotho Bokudla, engenzi-nzuzo ethola uxhaso kuMonsanto - futhi inikela ku Iphrojekthi Yezofuzo.
  • Ngo-2014 nango-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project ibambisene no Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, iqembu eliphambili leMonsanto, ukuhlela izingqungquthela ezixhaswa ngezimboni eYunivesithi yaseFlorida nase-UC Davis "ukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuhlela impikiswano ngama-GMO nobuthi be-glyphosate," njengo UPaul Thacker ubike kuThe Progressive.

Ixhumana neSyngenta / American Council on Science and Health

ISyngenta ibixhasa i-ACSH ngenkathi ishicilela incwadi ka-Entine ivikela umuthi wokubulala izinambuzane waseSyngenta.

UJon Entine uboshelwe eduze ne Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (ACSH), iqembu eliphambili lenkampani lelo uthola imali evela eMonsanto nezinye izinkampani zamakhemikhali. I-ACSH ishicilele incwadi ka-Entine ka-2011, evikela i-atrazine, isibulala-zinambuzane esenziwe yiSyngenta. Ukubika kukaTom Philpott eMother Jones naseCentre for Media and Democracy kuqinisekisa ukuthi iSyngenta yayixhasa i-ACSH ngaleso sikhathi, nokuthi i-ACSH icele iSyngenta ukuthi inikeze ngezimali ezengeziwe zephrojekthi ebandakanya incwadi ezwakala njengencwadi ka-Entine.

Umbhalo kaPhilpott kuMama Jones uchaze izimo eziholele ekushicilelweni kwencwadi ka-Entine, ngokuya ngemibhalo etholwe ngu- Isikhungo Semidiya Nentando Yeningi lokho kuchaza umkhankaso weSyngenta PR ukuthola ababambisene naye abavela eceleni ukuvikela i-atrazine.

Ngo 2009, Abasebenzi be-ACSH babuze uSyngenta ngoxhaso lwama- $ 100,000 - “oluhlukile futhi oluhlukile kunokwesekwa kokusebenza okujwayelekile iSyngenta ibilokhu inikela ngokukhululeka eminyakeni edlule” - ukukhiqiza iphepha kanye "nencwajana elungele abathengi" mayelana ne-atrazine. Ngo-2011, I-ACSH imemezelwe Incwadi entsha ka-Entine kanye “nephepha lokuma elinomngane, elifushanisiwe,” zombili zivikela i-atrazine. U-Entine utshele uPhilpott ukuthi “akazi” ukuthi uSyngenta uxhasa i-ACSH.

Ingqikithi ebalulekile: ukuhlaselwa kososayensi nezintatheli

Indikimba ebalulekile emsebenzini ka-Entine ukuhlasela ososayensi nezintatheli ezibika ngokugxeka ngomkhakha wamakhemikhali, imboni kawoyela noma izinkinga zezempilo ezihambisana nazo. Ezinye izibonelo:

  • Liyahlaselwa New Yorker Intatheli uRachel Aviv ngomzamo wokwehlisa isithunzi sakhe ukubika ngemibhalo yangaphakathi yeSyngenta lokho kuveza ukuthi le nkampani yamakhemikhali izame kanjani ukonakalisa isithunzi sika-UC Berkeley uSolwazi Tyrone Hayes ngenxa yocwaningo lwakhe oluxhuma i-herbicide atrazine nezinkinga zokuzalwa zamaxoxo. Umthombo oyinhloko we-Entine kwakunguBruce Chassy, ​​uprofesa owayenguye ethola imali buthule kusuka eMonsanto futhi kwasiza ukuqala i- Iqembu eliphambili leMonsanto ukuhlasela abagxeki bezimboni.
  • Liyahlaselwa UProfesa waseHarvard uNaomi Oreskes, umbhali ngokubambisana we Abahwebi Ukungabaza, “njengoLuddite odumile, uRottweiler onobuhlakani obusebusweni bakho, ezemvelo, obabuxakayo ngokungadingekile ubuchwepheshe besimanje.”
  • Umangalelwe UMphathi weSikole Sobuntatheli saseColumbia uSteve Coll kanye nentatheli uSusanne Rust “wokugcoba i-Exxon” ngokubika ukuthi i-Exxon ibisazi iminyaka eminingi ukuthi ukushintsha kwesimo sezulu kuyiqiniso kepha ifihle isayensi ukugcina imali igeleza.
  • Phakathi ku ukuhlaselwa okulandelwayo (selokhu isuswe kufayela le- Huffington Post iwebhusayithi), u-Entine usole uRust wokwephula izimiso zokuziphatha ngokubika kwakhe ochungechungeni olwawina imiklomelo kwi-BPA okwakungu kufakwe kuhlu olufushane ngomklomelo wePulitzer; U-Entine akazange adalule ukuthi ukubika kwakhe kukhombe owayengumqashi wakhe i-STATS njenge- umdlali omkhulu emizameni ye-PR yomkhakha.

Umzila Wezezimali KaMurky wokungena ne-GLP

Umlando woxhaso lwe-Entine uyinkimbinkimbi futhi u-opaque, kepha imibhalo yentela nokudalulwa kwakhe uqobo kuveza iphethini yezimali ezivela emithonjeni engaziwa nasezisekelweni zamaphiko angakwesokudla ukususa ukwehliswa kwemithetho kanye nokwenqatshelwa kwesayensi yezulu, kanye nemali engadalulwanga evela embonini ye-biotechnology.

Inothi elicacile, eliguqula njalo "lokubonisa izinto obala"

Umbhalo othi “obala kwezezimali” kwiwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project awunembile, ushintsha kaningi futhi kwesinye isikhathi uyaziphikisa. Ngo-2017 nango-2018, i-Genetic Literacy Project ithi ithola uxhaso kusuka kuzisekelo ezimbalwa kufaka phakathi izisekelo zeTempleton neSearle, okuyi abaxhasi abahola phambili bemizamo yokuphika isayensi yezulu. I-GLP ibuye ibhale uxhaso oluvela eCentre for Food Integrity, a iqembu lemboni yezokudla ethola imali evela kuMonsanto futhi ibuye isebenzisane neMonsanto ne-Genetic Literacy Project ukukhuthaza imboni yezolimo i-PR.

In Septhemba 2016, "ukudalulwa" Inothi lithe i-GLP ayitholanga mali ezinkampanini, kodwa iveze u- $ 27,500 "wokudlula" ovela ku- "Academics Review Charitable Association," okubukeka sengathi ayikho. Leli qembu ngokusobala Izifundo zeRegional.org, a iqembu langaphambili elathola uxhaso lwalo embonini yezolimo iqembu lokuhweba.

In Mashi 2016, i-GLP ayidalulanga ngezezimali futhi u-Entine wazama ukuqhela i-GLP kumqashi wakhe wangaphambili we-STATS, ethi i-STATS inikezela ngezinsizakalo zokubalwa kwezimali kuphela nokuthi amaqembu awabandakanyeki emisebenzini yomunye nomunye. Kodwa ngo-2012, i-GLP yathi “ithuthukiswe njengohlelo lokuqondiswa kwezigwegwe nge-STATS. "

Isikhungo Sezindaba Nezindaba Zomphakathi / IGeorge Mason University

Okonyaka wezimali 2014 / 2015, ngokuya ngamarekhodi entela, u-Entine wathola ama- $ 173,100 ngomsebenzi wakhe wokuba “umqondisi” eCentre for Media and Public Affairs, iqembu elizinze eGeorge Mason University futhi elasungulwa ngu-GMU Professor URobert Lichter. I-CMPA wakhokhelwa nguPhillip Morris ngawo-1990 ukwehlisa ukukhathazeka ngogwayi, ngokusho kwemibhalo ekwi-UCSF Library Industry Library.

I-CMPA ayidaluli abaxhasi bayo kepha ithole uxhaso ku-George Mason University Foundation, i umamukeli oholayo yeminikelo ehlangene neCharles Koch kanye neKoch Industries. I-GMUF iphinde yathola ama- $ 5.3 wezigidi kuDonors Trust nakwiDonors Capital Fund phakathi kuka-2011-13, ngokusho koMgcini. Lezi zimali zixhuma imali evela kubanikeli abangaziwa kufaka phakathi izinkampani emikhankasweni nasezifundweni eziphokophela izintshisekelo zemboni, njengoba iGreenpeace ikhombisile uphenyo olufihliwe.

Izinkokhelo ze-STATS nemalimboleko

Iqembu lodadewabo le-CMPA, nalo elasungulwa nguLichter futhi elizinze eGMU, kwakuyiStatistical Assessment Services (STATS), iqembu elingenzi nzuzo eladlala indima enkulu embonini yamakhemikhali emizamweni yokuvikela imikhiqizo enobuthi, ngokusho kokubika I-Intercept, I-Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, I-Atlantic futhi I-Consumer Reports.

Ngokuya ngamafomu e-IRS:

  • Ama-STATS akhokhelwe ukufaka u- $ 140,600 ku- 2012 / 2013 futhi $ 152,500 ku 2013 / 2014 “njengomxhumanisi ocwaningayo”
  • I-STATS kanye ne-Centre for Media and Public Affairs zombili zibhalise i-Entine njengoMqondisi ku 2014 / 2015 ngesinxephezelo se- $ 173,100. Amarekhodi entela awo womabili amaqembu abuye abala uMengameli uTrevor Butterworth ngama- $ 95,512 noMqondisi uTracey Brown ngaphandle kwesinxephezelo. UTracey Brown ungumqondisi weSense About Science, iqembu futhi ihlola isayensi ukuvikela izintshisekelo zemboni yamakhemikhali; IButterworth isungulwe i-Sense About Science USA ngo-2014 futhi bahlanganisa ama-STATS kulelo qembu.
  • I-Science Literacy Project yathatha i-ID yentela ye-STATS ku 2015 futhi kufakwe ohlwini njengoMqondisi Ophethe enxeshezelwa ngama- $ 188,800.
  • Ku-2018, i-ESG MediaMetrics, inkampani ye-Entine's PR, kubike u- $ 176,420 emholweni.

ICentre for Media and Public Affairs nayo ibolekise imali kwaSTATS, okuthi “ngenxa yokungabi bikho kwemali eyanele” “engakabuyiselwa imali.” IGeorge Mason University Foundation, engadaluli uxhaso lwayo, yanikeza izibonelelo ze-CMPA kuleyo minyaka. Amarekhodi entela akhombisa:

Imali yezimboni ze-Biotechnology yokuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli

Ngo-2014 nango-2015, i-Council for Biotechnology Information, exhaswa yi-BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont kanye neMonsanto Company, yachitha imali engaphezulu kwama- $ 300,000 emicimbini emibili eyayihlelwe yi-Genetic Literacy Project neqembu eliphambili le-Academics Review to “qeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuhlela impikiswano mayelana nama-GMO nobuthi be-glyphosate, ”Ngokwamarekhodi entela nokubika ku I-Progressive. Imicimbi, ibizwa nge- Izinkambu zeBiotech Literacy Project, zabanjelwa e- IYunivesithi yaseFlorida ngo-2014 futhi UC Davis ngo-2015. Ama-ajenda achaza imicimbi ngokuthi "ukuqeqeshwa kwamakhono okuxhumana" kososayensi nezintatheli ukusiza ukuqamba kabusha impikiswano yokuphepha kokudla kanye ne-GMO, futhi bathembisa ukuhlinzeka ososayensi “ngamathuluzi nezinsizakusebenza ezidingekayo ukuze bahlanganyele kahle abezindaba futhi bavele njengongoti kwezomthetho ukulalelwa kohulumeni basekhaya, nokunye ukwenziwa kwemigomo kanye namathuba okufinyelela kubantu ahlobene nalokhu. ”

Isikhundla ekuqaleni ikamu lokuqala ebhuthini kufaka phakathi abamele abavela embonini yezolimo, amaqembu aphambili embonini yokudla namaqembu ezentengiselwano, kanye nezifundiswa ze-pro-GMO kufaka phakathi i-University of Florida Professor UKevin Folta, kanye noProfesa Emeritus waseYunivesithi yase-Illinois UBruce Chassy, bobabili abamukele imali engadalulwanga evela eMonsanto futhi bathuthukisa ama-GMO nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane abathengisa ngayo iMonsanto abathembele kuyo. Washington Post umlobi wephephabhuku lokudla uTamar Haspel, ubani futhi yemukela imali evela kuzintshisekelo zebhizinisi lezolimo, wayeyintatheli kwi-faculty.

Abaxhasi bezimali zesayensi yezulu

Abasekeli abakhulu bezezimali baka-Entine owayengumqashi we-Entine kanye neqembu lakhe lamanje le-Genetic Literacy Project bafaka izisekelo zamaphiko angakwesokudla - ikakhulukazi iScaife Foundation, iSearle Freedom Trust neTempleton Foundation - abahola phambili ekuxhasweni kwezimali zesayensi yezulu, ngokusho kwe Ucwaningo lwe-2013 Drexel University. Bona uphenyo lwe-USRTK: Izimali Zenethiwekhi Yezenhlalo Yesimo Sezulu Esenqabela Inkulumo Yamakhemikhali Anobuthi.

Umfana wezokuvikela umkhakha wamakhemikhali

Iminyaka eminingi, u-Entine ubengumvikeli ovelele wezintshisekelo zemboni yamakhemikhali, elandela incwadi yokudlala yomkhakha: uvikela amakhemikhali njengaphephile; uphikisana nomthethonqubo; futhi ihlasela isayensi, izintatheli zesayensi kanye nabanye baphakamisa ukukhathazeka.

Ukuvikela ama-neonicotinoids

Growing ubufakazi besayensi busikisela ukuthi i-neonicotinoids, isigaba esisetshenziswa kakhulu semithi yokubulala izinambuzane, siyisici esibalulekile ekufeni kwezinyosi. I-European Union ikhawulele ama-neonics ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngomthelela ezinyosini. I-athikili kaFebhuwari 2020 ku-The Intercept kaLee Fang yabika “ngezinkampani zemininingwane yolwazi” izinkampani zokubulala izinambuzane ezilwela ukugcina amakhemikhali emakethe e-US Entine kube yisithunywa esiyinhloko esisekela imboni; uphikise ngokuthi ama-neonics akuyona into ehamba phambili ekufeni kwezinyosi (I-American Enterprise Institute), ukuthi "i-apocalypse yezinyosi yayingakaze ibe ngeyangempela," (Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo) kanye nezinswelaboya okuthiwa zingasiza impilo yezinyosi (I-American Enterprise Institute futhi Forbes). U-Entine uphinde wahlasela ucwaningo lukaprofesa waseHarvard ngezinyosi iColony Collapse Disorder (I-American Enterprise Institute) futhi wasola osopolitiki baseYurophu ngokuzama ukubulala izinyosi ngokuvimbela ama-neonics (Forbes).

Ukuvikela ama-phthalates

Ama-Phthalates ayisigaba samakhemikhali eside axhunyaniswe nokuphazamiseka kwamahomoni, ukulimala kokuzala, izinkinga zokuzala kanye nezixhumanisi zokukhuluphala kwengane, isifuba somoya, izinkinga zezinzwa nezinkinga zenhliziyo. Uhulumeni wase-US waqala ukuvimbela amakhemikhali kumathoyizi ezingane ngo-2013 ngenxa yezinkinga zezempilo. U-Entine uvikele imikhiqizo yezingane equkethe amakhemikhali. "Ambalwa amakhemikhali asemakethe namuhla ahlolisiswe ngokwesayensi njengama-phthalate esters," kubhala u-Entine (Forbes) - kepha akazange asho umzimba obalulekile of ubufakazi besayensi ihlanganiswe ngaphezu kweminyaka engamashumi amabili exhumanisa ukuvezwa kwe-phthalate ku- ukukhula okungavamile kokuzala in izingane zabafana. Imiyalezo yayihlanganisa nokuhlaselwa kwezintatheli; U-Entine usole intatheli ye-NBC ephakamise imibuzo ngokuphepha "kobuntatheli obungenazinhloso." (Forbes). Inkampani yokuxhumana yakwa-Entine, ESG MediaMetrics, yenze i-PR ye Isikhungo seVinyl; i-vinyl plastic ingumthombo obalulekile wokuchayeka kuma-phthalates. U-Entine akazange adalule ukuxhumana kwemboni ezindabeni zakhe zeForbes.

Ukuvikela ukujija

I-Entine ivikela ukubhoboza umfutholuketshezi ("fracking"), ukudonsa amanzi anengcindezi ephezulu anamakhemikhali emhlabathini ukuze aqhekeze i-shale futhi akhiphe igesi yemvelo. Njengakwimikhankaso yakhe eminingi yokuthumela imiyalezo, u-Entine uqhumisa isayensi nososayensi abaphakamisa ukukhathazeka, ebabiza ngokuthi "izishoshovu," ngenkathi enza izitatimende ezishisayo nezingenakuphikiswa mayelana nesayensi "ehlakaniphile" eyenziwe eminyakeni eminingi evikela ukuphepha kwayo. Isibonelo, u-Entine wathi: “Ngokombono wesayensi, asikho isizathu sokuthi umsolwa izindaba ezingaziwa zezempilo noma ezemvelo zizovela ”kusuka ekuqhekekeni (New York Post).

Futhi, ukuhlaselwa bekuyingxenye eyinhloko yemiyalezo. U-Entine usole izintatheli ze-New York Times ngokukhohlisa izingane ngobungozi bezemvelo bokuthwebula (Forbes), wahlasela ososayensi ababili baseCornell University ocwaningweni lwabo bephakamisa ukuthi imisebenzi yokuqhekeza ivule i-methaneForbes), futhi yahlasela iPark Foundation, yathi “icishe yachitha isandla esisodwa sokwakha i-shale-gas eNew York State ecebile nge-methane, futhi yafaka uphawu lwayo emibonweni yomphakathi nasezinqumweni zenqubomgomo ezweni lonke.” (Ubuhle obuyindilinga)

Ukuvikela i-BPA

U-Entine ubhala evikela ikhemikhali i-bisphenol A (BPA), yize kukhona ubufakazi obuningi besayensi obuzisa ukukhathazeka mayelana ne-endocrine yayo ephazamisa amandla nezinye izinkinga zempilo ezihambisana nayo. ICanada imemezele ukuthi leli khemikhali linobuthi ngo-2010, kanye ne-EU kuvinjelwe i-BPA emabhodleleni ezingane e 2011.

U-Entine uhlasele abacwaningi baseyunivesithi, ama-NGO nezintatheli bezwakalisa ukukhathazeka nge-BPA (Forbes), kuphakanyiswe ukuthi abesifazane abangakwazi ukukhulelwa akufanele bakusole kuplastikhi (Forbes), futhi waphonsela inselelo ososayensi abaxhumanisa i-BPA nesifo senhliziyo (Forbes).

Ukuvikela Amandla Enuzi

I-Entine ivikela nemboni yamandla enuzi; usho ukuthi izikhungo zamandla enuzi zikhona imvelo imvelo nokuthi “akukho okubi njengaseChernobyl okungenzeka kwenzeke eNtshonalanga.” Usole uSolwazi uNaomi Oreskes waseHarvard isayensi "ukuphika," ngoba, phakathi kokunye, ukukhomba ubungozi bezomnotho nezemvelo bamandla enuzi.

Ubuhlobo

U-Entine ubengumuntu ongakhokhelwa eCentre for Health and Risk Communication eGeorge Mason University (GMU) kusuka ngo-2011-2014. U-Entine ubuye abe ngumuntu ophethe phambili e-UC Davis World Food Center's Institute for Food and Agricultural Literacy, engadaluli. abanikeli bayo, kanye a ovakashele esikanye naye e-American Enterprise Institute, ithangi lokucabanga le-DC elixhaswe ngokwengxenye ngu Inkampani futhi imali emnyama iminikelo.

Bona futhi, Ikhasi le-Greenpeace Polluter Watch kuJon Entine naku “indaba efihliwe yePhrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project. "

Amaqembu ahlobene nabantu

Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo
UGeoffrey Kabat
UJay Byrne
Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa
UPamela Ronald no-UC Davis
Amaphrojekthi we-Biotech Literacy 

Indlela Abadukisa Ngayo UTamar Haspel Abafundi BeWashington Post

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UTamar Haspel yintatheli ezimele ebilokhu ibhala amakholomu okudla nyangazonke eWashington Post kusukela ngo-Okthoba 2013. Amakholomu kaHaspel avame ukukhuthaza nokuvikela imikhiqizo yezimboni zezolimo, kuyilapho ethola nezinkokhelo zokukhuluma emicimbini ehambisana nemboni, futhi kwesinye isikhathi evela emaqenjini ezimboni - umkhuba owaziwa ngokuthi yi "buckraking" ophakamisa imibuzo mayelana nokuqonda.

Ukubuyekezwa kwamakholomu kaHaspel eWashington Post kuphakamisa okunye ukukhathazeka: ezimweni eziningi, uHaspel wehlulekile ukudalula noma achaze ngokuphelele ukuxhumana kwezimboni ngemithombo yakhe, kuncike ezifundweni ezigxilwe embonini, amaqiniso akhethwe ngamakhemikhali okuxhasa izikhundla zomkhakha noma acaphune inkulumo-ze yezimboni ngokungafanele . Bona ukubuyekezwa komthombo nezinye izibonelo ezichazwe ngezansi. UHaspel ubengakaphenduli emibuzweni yale ndatshana.

Ukubheja ekushayweni kokudla: ukushayisana kwezintshisekelo?

Engxoxweni yango-2015 eyayiqhutshwa yiWashington Post, ephendula umbuzo wokuthi ngabe uyayithola yini imali emithonjeni yezimboni, uHaspel wabhala lokho, "Ngiyakhuluma futhi ngilinganisa amaphaneli nezimpikiswano kaningi, futhi kungumsebenzi engikhokhelwa wona." Udalula ukuzibandakanya kwakhe kokukhuluma kuye iwebhusayithi yomuntu siqu, kepha ayivezi ukuthi yiziphi izinkampani noma amaqembu okuhweba amxhasa ngemali noma ngamanani abawanikezayo.

Lapho ebuzwa ukuthi uthathe malini embonini yezolimo kanye namaqembu ayo angaphambili, UHaspel ubhale kuTwitter, “Njengoba noma yiliphi iqembu elikholelwa ukuthi i-biotech linokuthile elikunikezayo 'liqembu eliphambili,' inala!”

Ngokusho the Amazinga we-Washington Post kanye Nezimiso Zokuziphatha, izintatheli azikwazi ukwamukela izipho, ukuhamba mahhala, ukuphathwa ngendlela ekhethekile noma ukwamukelwa mahhala emithonjeni yezindaba, futhi “kufanele zenze wonke umzamo wokuhlala kubalaleli, zingashiyi inkundla, zibike izindaba, hhayi ukwenza izindaba.” Le mithetho ayisebenzi kuma-freelancers kodwa, futhi iphepha likushiyela kubahleli ukuthi bathathe isinqumo.

UHaspel uchaza inqubo yakhe yokwamukela izingxoxo zokukhokha ezikhokhelwayo kuye iwebhusayithi yomuntu siqu: ukuthi imicimbi iyizimpikiswano ezakhayo mayelana nezindaba zokudla ezibandakanya amaphimbo amaningi kunezinkampani ezenza inzuzo. Akuyona yonke imicimbi esohlwini lwakhe ebonakala ihambisana naleyo mibandela (bona “imicimbi yokuqeqeshwa kwemiyalezo ye-biotech” imicimbi yokuqeqeshwa komyalezo exhaswa ngezimboni echazwe ngezansi). Umhleli kaHaspel uJoe Yonan usho kanje unethezekile ngendlela uHaspel asebenza ngayo ekukhulumisaneni okukhokhelwayo futhi uthola ukuthi "kuyisilinganiso esifanelekile." 

Ukuphawula okwengeziwe okuvela kuHaspel nakuYonan kubikwa lapha, "I-Buckraking kwi-Food Beat: Kunini lapho kungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo?" by Stacy Malkan (Ubulungiswa kanye nokunemba ekubikeni, 2015). Bheka futhi, "Umbiko omfushane ngezintatheli ezintathu okukhulunywe ngazo kwizicelo zethu ze-FOIA," nguGary Ruskin (I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi, 2015). Ngemibono evela kuzintatheli nabahleli bebhakede, bheka ukubika kukaKen Silverstein (IHarper's, ngo-2008).

Ukuthatha isigqi se-GMO

UHaspel waqala ukubhala ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo ku- Mashi 2013 ku-Huffington Post ("Iya eFrankenfish! Kungani Sidinga i-GM Salmon"). Imibhalo yakhe ngezinye izihloko ezihlobene nokudla yaqala ukuvela eWashington Post naseHuffPo ngo-2011 nakwezinye izindawo kusukela maphakathi nawo-1990. Okokugcina kukaHaspel uchungechunge lwezihloko zeHuffington Post kwaqhubeka ngesihloko semikhiqizo yezimboni yezolimo, ngamabhulogi wokukhishwa kwezifundo mayelana nezingozi ezingaba khona ze- glyphosate futhi Ukudla kwezilwane kwe-GMO, A impikiswano ngokumelene Imikhankaso yokulebula i-GMO kanye ucezu olukhukhumezayo mayelana newebhusayithi yezentengiso yezimboni zezolimo, Izimpendulo ze-GMO.

GMOAnswers.org bekuyingxenye yomkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi obudle izigidi zamarandi i imboni yezolimo yamenyezelwa entwasahlobo ka-2013 ukulwa nokukhathazeka kwabathengi mayelana nokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo ngemuva kwemikhankaso yokuqamba ama-GMO amalebuli.

I-HuffPo Julayi 2013: Isibonelo sendlela iHaspel eyithuthukise ngayo imithombo yezimboni ngokungaqondile. Ezinye izibonelo ezingezansi. 

Ikholomu Elitholakele leWaPo: kumbiwe imibono yezimboni

UHaspel wethule ikholomu yakhe yokudla “Evunjiwe” nyangazonke eWashington Post ku October 2013  ("Ukudla okushintshwe izakhi zofuzo: Kuyini futhi akulona iqiniso") ngesithembiso sokuthi “umbe ujule ukuzama ukuthola ukuthi yini eyiqiniso nokuthi yini engekho empikiswaneni ephathelene nokudla kwethu.” Weluleke abafundi ukuthi babone ukuthi “ungamethemba ngubani” empikiswaneni ye-GMO futhi wakhomba amaqembu amaningi angazange aluphumelele uvivinyo lwakhe lokungakhethi (i-Union of Concerned Scientists phakathi kwabo).

I-Haspel November 2013 ikholomu (“okuvunyelwene ngakho yi-GMO: Lapho abasekeli nabaphikisi bavumelana khona”) kunikeze imibono ebanzi ebanzi kusuka kuzintshisekelo zomphakathi kanye nasemithonjeni yezimboni; Kodwa-ke, kumakholomu alandelayo, uHaspel kuyaqabukela ecaphuna amaqembu anentshisekelo yomphakathi futhi abeke isikhala esincane kakhulu kochwepheshe bezempilo yomphakathi kanye nemithombo yedatha kunalokho akwenzayo kwimithombo exhunywe embonini noma kochwepheshe ekuhlaziyweni kobungozi noma "ekuboneni ubungozi" abavame ukubukela phansi impilo yomphakathi nokuphepha ukukhathazeka, kanye nokubukwa kwemboni. Ezimweni eziningana, iHaspel yehlulekile ukudalula noma ichaze ngokuphelele ukuxhumana kwezezimboni nemithombo.

Ikholomu 'yokunyakaza kokudla' okwenziwe umkhakha

Isibonelo esikhombisa ezinye zalezi zinkinga ngezeHaspel January 2016 ikholamu ("Iqiniso elimangazayo ngokuhamba kokudla"), lapho athi khona abantu abakhathalele ubunjiniyela bezakhi zofuzo noma ezinye izici zokukhiqizwa kokudla - "ukunyakaza kokudla" - bayingxenye engezansi yabantu. Akahlanganisanga nezingxoxo nabathengi, ezempilo, ezemvelo noma amaqembu ezobulungiswa azithatha njengengxenye yokunyakaza kokudla.

IHaspel ithole ikholamu ngamaqembu amabili wespin axhaswe ngemali embonini, i- Umkhandlu Wokwaziswa Kwezokudla Womhlaba Wonke futhi UKetchum, inkampani yezobudlelwano bomphakathi eqhuba Izimpendulo ze-GMO. Ngenkathi echaza uKetchum njengenkampani ye-PR "esebenza kakhulu nomkhakha wezokudla," uHaspel akazange adalule ukuthi uKetchum waqashwa imboni yezolimo ukuze ashintshe umbono wabathengi ngokudla kwe-GMO (futhi akazange akhulume ngomlando wehlazo kaKetchum i-flacking yeRussia futhi eqhuba izinhloli ngokumelene namaqembu ezemvelo).

Umthombo wesithathu wekholomu yakhe kwakuyinhlolovo yocingo eneminyaka emibili eyenziwe UWilliam Hallman, umhlaziyi wombono womphakathi ovela kuRutgers obike ukuthi abantu abaningi abanendaba nokubekwa ilebula kwe-GMO. (Ngonyaka owedlule, uHallman noHaspel baxoxisana ngemibono yabathengi mayelana nama-GMO ngokuxhaswa nguhulumeni iphaneli abelane ngayo no-Eric Sachs waseMonsanto.)

Ukusebenzisana namaqembu we-spin spin

Ukusondelana kukaTamar Haspel kanye nokusebenzisana kwakhe nabadlali ababalulekile emizamweni yezobudlelwano nomphakathi embonini yezolimo kuphakamisa okunye ukukhathazeka mayelana nenhloso yakhe.

A isilinganiso sokuphromotha esivela eHaspel ivela ekhasini eliyisiqalo le-STATS / Sense About Science, ichaza ama-STAT "njengabaluleke" ekubikeni kwakhe. Ezinye izintatheli zichaze ama-STATS njenge- umkhankaso wokuvikela umkhiqizo “umkhankaso wokwaziswa okungaziwa”Lokho kusebenzisa amaqhinga kagwayi okukhiqiza ukungabaza ngengozi yamakhemikhali futhi idlala indima ebalulekileezombusazwe ze-hardball zokulawulwa kwamakhemikhali. ” I-2016 Indaba ku-The Intercept ichaze izibopho zikagwayi ze-STATS ne-Sense About Science (ezihlanganiswe ngonyaka wezi-2014 ngaphansi kokuqondiswa kaTrevor Butterworth) nendima abayidlalayo ekuphusheni imibono yezimboni ngesayensi.

Ubudlelwano bomphakathi ngo-2015 idokhumenti yamasu waqamba igama elithi Sense About Science phakathi kwe- “abalingani bemboni ”UMonsanto uhlele ukuzibandakanya emkhankasweni wayo "wokulungisa ukukhala" ngokumelene ne-ejensi yocwaningo lomdlavuza yeWorld Health Organisation ukudicilela phansi umbiko mayelana ne-carcinogenicity ye-glyphosate.

Umkhakha wezolimo ujikeleza imicimbi

NgoJuni 2014, iHaspel yayiyi- Ilungu le "faculty" (eceleni kwabamele imboni abambalwa) emcimbini wokuqeqeshwa kwemiyalezo obizwa nge- Ikamu Le-Boot Biotech Literacy Project lokho kwaxhaswa yimboni yezolimo futhi kwahlelwa yi Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, amaqembu amabili aphambili embonini iMonsanto nawo ayikhombe "njengabalingani bemboni" kuyo Uhlelo lwe-2015 PR.

IGenetic Literacy Project ingeyokuqala uhlelo lwe-STATS, kanye ne-Academics Review kwaba usethe ngosizo lweMonsanto kuya hlazisa abagxeki bezimboni ngenkathi ugcina ukusebenzisana izigxivizo zeminwe zifihliwe, ngokuya ngama-imeyili atholwe ngezicelo zamarekhodi womphakathi.

Ikhempu ebihanjelwa yiHaspel ibihlose “ukulungisa kabusha impikiswano mayelana nokudla kanye nempikiswano ye-GMO,” ngokwe-ajenda. UPaul Thacker ubike ngalo mcimbi ku-Okuqhubekayo, "Imboni iphinde yaxhasa ngasese uchungechunge lwezingqungquthela ukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukubumba impikiswano ngama-GMO nobuthi be-glyphosate… Kuma-imeyili, abagqugquzeli babhekise kulezi zingqungquthela njengezikhungo zokufundisa ukufunda nge-biotech, kanti izintatheli zichazwa 'njengabalingani.' ”

Izifundiswa ezijwayele amaqhinga we-spin we-corporate zibuyekeze imibhalo yekamu ebhuthini ngesicelo sikaThacker. “Lezi yizinto ezicindezelayo,” kusho uNaomi Oreskes, uprofesa womlando wesayensi eHarvard University. "Kusobala ukuthi kuhloswe ngakho ukukholisa abantu ukuthi izitshalo ze-GMO zinenzuzo, ziyadingeka, futhi aziyona ingozi eyenele ukufakazela ukufakwa kwamagama." UMarion Nestle, uprofesa wezokudla, izifundo zokudla, kanye nempilo yomphakathi eNyuvesi yaseNew York, uthe, "Uma izintatheli ziya ezingqungqutheleni ezikhokhelwa ukuya kuzo, kumele zisole ngokusobala."

UCami Ryan, owayesebenza ekamu ebhuthini owaqhubeka nokusebenzela iMonsanto, kuphawulwe ku- ukuhlolwa komhlangano ababambiqhaza babefuna, "Izikhathi eziningi ze-Haspel-ish, ama-Ropeik-ish." UDavid Ropeik ungumeluleki wokubona ngobungozi kabani amaklayenti afaka iBayer nezinye izinkampani zamakhemikhali, nobani Haspel esetshenziswe njengomthombo kukholamu abhale ngayo nge-glyphosate.

Usuku lwe-2015 lwe-biotech literacy noKevin Folta 

NgoMeyi 2015, uHaspel wethule inkulumo ethi “usuku lwe-biotechnology literacy kanye nezokuxhumana”E-University of Florida ehlelwe nguKevin Folta, uprofesa oxhumene nomkhakha wezolimo ezimayelana Nomphakathi futhi imizamo yokunxenxa. UFolta wayefake iHaspel ku Isiphakamiso wasithumela eMonsanto efuna ukuxhaswa ngezimali emicimbini ayichaze “njengesixazululo senkinga yokuxhumana nge-biotech” esivela “ekulawuleni umbono womphakathi” kanye “nokuqinisa kwabo imizamo yokufaka ilebula yokudla ngokungadingekile.” Ikhasi 4 le- Isiphakamiso uchaze umcimbi ozofaka oprofesa be-UF “nabanye abaningi abalethwe bevela ngaphandle kubandakanya nabamele imboni, ongoti bezintatheli kwezokuxhumana kwezesayensi (isib. . ”

Monsanto isiphakamiso sikaFolta esixhaswe ngemali, bakubiza ngokuthi “indlela enhle evela eceleni yokuthuthukisa uhlobo lokukhuthaza esifuna ukuluthuthukisa.” (Imali ibiyi ezanikelwa endaweni yokudla ngo-Agasti 2015 ngemuva kokuthi uxhaso lube sesidlangalaleni.)

Ngo-Ephreli 2015, uFolta wabhalela uHaspel ngemininingwane emayelana nomcimbi wokuqeqeshwa kwemiyalezo, “Sizobhekana nezindleko kanye ne-honorary, noma yini edingekayo. Izethameli kuzoba ososayensi, odokotela kanye nabanye ochwepheshe okudingeka bafunde ukuthi bangakhuluma kanjani nomphakathi. ”

UHaspel uphendule wathi, "Ngingene impela," futhi udlulise i-anecdote evela kwelinye iphaneli "lokuxhumana ngesayensi" elisanda kushintsha umbono womuntu mayelana neMonsanto. "Kungenzeka ukuhamba phambili, kodwa ngiyaqiniseka ukuthi kungenxa yokuxhumana komuntu nomuntu," kusho uHaspel ebhalela uFolta.

The i-ajenda efakwe kungobo yomlando ngosuku lokuxhumana eFlorida lubhale izikhulumi njengoHaspel, Folta, abanye osolwazi abathathu be-UF, isisebenzi saseMonsanto uVance Crowe kanye nabamele Kwenziwe kabusha futhi Isikhungo Sobuqotho Bokudla (amanye amaqembu amabili iMonsanto ebizwa ngokuthi abalingani bomkhakha isu layo le-PR lokuvikela i-glyphosate). Kwenye imeyili kuFolta, UHaspel wakuthakasela ukuhlangana noCrowe, “Ngikubheke ngabomvu lokhu. (Bengifuna ukuhlangana noVance Crowe - ngijabule kakhulu ukuthi uzobe ekhona.) ”

Ukuziphatha nokudalulwa

NgoSepthemba 2015, iThe New York Times yaveza uFolta ku- indaba esekuqaleni ngu-Eric Lipton mayelana nokuthi amaqembu embonini athembele kanjani kwizifundiswa ukulwa nempi yokulebula i-GMO. U-Lipton ubike ngesicelo sikaFolta sokuqoqa imali esiya eMonsanto, nokuthi uFolta ubelokhu esho esidlangalaleni ukuthi akanabo ubudlelwano neMonsanto.

UHaspel ubhalele uFolta ezinyangeni ezimbalwa kamuva, "Ngiyaxolisa kakhulu ngalokho osudlule kukho, futhi kuyakhathaza lapho ukuhlaselwa okunenhliziyo embi, kunabahlanganyeli kufihla izingqinamba zangempela - kwezesayensi kanye nasekubonakaliseni izinto obala, zombili lezi zinto ezibaluleke kakhulu." UHaspel ubalule ukuthi ubesebenza neNational Press Foundation ukuthuthukisa ukungqubuzana okungcono kwamazinga wenzalo yezintatheli ezizimele.

IHaspel kwakuyi 2015 umuntu weNational Press Foundation (iqembu elixhaswe ngemali yizinkampani, kufaka phakathi IBayer neDuPont). Kundatshana abhalele yona i-NPF mayelana izimiso zokuziphatha zabasebenza ngokuzimela, UHaspel uxoxe ngokubaluleka kokudalulwa futhi wachaza nenqubo yakhe yokukhuluma emicimbini kuphela uma ababambiqhaza okungebona bezimboni nemibono ehlukahlukene bebandakanyekile - imigomo engafinyelelwanga yimicimbi ye-biotech literacy. Ikhasi lokudalula ku- iwebhusayithi yakhe ayivezi ngokunembile i- abahlanganisi nabaxhasi wekamu lebhuthi lokufunda nokubhala le-biotech ka-2014. UHaspel akayiphendulanga imibuzo ephathelene nemicimbi yokufunda nge-biotech.

Ukubuyekezwa komthombo: ukubika okulahlekisayo ngama-pesticides

Ukubuyekezwa komthombo kwamakholomu amathathu kaTamar Haspel eWashington Post ngesihloko semithi yokubulala izinambuzane kutholakale okuningi okuphathelene nezibonelo zemithombo engaxhunywanga exhunywe embonini, ukushiywa kwedatha nokubikwa okungaphandle komongo okusebenzise ukuqinisa imiyalezo embonini yezibulala-zinambuzane ukuthi imithi yokubulala izinambuzane ayiyona inkinga futhi organic akuyona inzuzo enkulu. Ukubuyekezwa komthombo kuhlanganisa lamakholomu amathathu:

  • “Ingabe okuphilayo kungcono empilweni yakho? Ukubheka ubisi, inyama, amaqanda, umkhiqizo kanye nenhlanzi ”(April 7, 2014)
  • “Yikhemikhali iMonsanto elincike kuyo. Kuyingozi kangakanani? ” (October 2015)
  • "Iqiniso ngomkhiqizo ophilayo kanye ne-pesticides" (Kwangathi 21, 2018)

Kuncike emithonjeni exhunywe embonini; yehlulekile ukudalula ubudlelwane bemboni yabo

Kuwo womathathu amakholomu aboniswe kulokhu kubuyekezwa komthombo, iHaspel yehlulekile ukudalula ukuxhumana kwemikhakha yezibulala-zinambuzane emithonjeni esemqoka eyehlisa ubungozi bemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Akukho nokukodwa kokuxhuma embonini okulandelayo okukhulunywe ngakho kumakholomu akhe kusukela ngo-Agasti 2018 ngenkathi lokhu kubuyekezwa kushicilelwa.

Embikweni wakhe we-2018 "weqiniso mayelana nomkhiqizo wemvelo kanye ne-pesticides," uHaspel unikeze abafundi "umbono wobungozi obukhulu" kusuka ekuvezweni kwezibulala-zinambuzane okwandayo ngokucaphuna isifundo lokho kulinganisa ubungozi bokudla izibulala-zinambuzane kusuka ekudleni kuya ewayinini yokuphuza. UHaspel akazange adalule ukuthi ababhali abane kwabahlanu balolo cwaningo babeqashwe yiBayer Crop Sciences, engomunye wabakhiqizi abakhulu bezibulala-zinambuzane emhlabeni. Akazange futhi adalule ukuthi ucwaningo ekuqaleni lwalunephutha eliqhakazile elalilungiswa kamuva (noma ngabe wayexhumanisa nocwaningo lokuqala nolungisiwe). Ucwaningo ekuqaleni lwabika ingozi elingana nokuphuza ingilazi eyodwa yewayini njalo iminyaka eyisikhombisa; kamuva yalungiswa yaba ingilazi eyodwa yewayini njalo izinyanga ezintathu; Lelo phutha namanye amaningi akhonjwe kuwo incwadi eya kulo magazini ososayensi abaningana abachaze ucwaningo lwewayini "njengolulula ngokweqile noludukisa kakhulu."

Ukuchitha ukukhathazeka ngemiphumela yokuhlangana kokuchayeka kwizibulala-zinambuzane eziningi, uHaspel ucaphune enye cwaningo kusuka kumbhali okuyiwona kuphela onxuse i-Bayer ocwaningweni olunamaphutha lokuqhathanisa iwayini, futhi “a Umbiko we-2008”Lokho“ kwenza ukuhlolwa okufanayo. ” Ababhali balowo mbiko wango-2008 bahlanganisa u-Alan Boobis no-Angelo Moretto, izifundiswa ezimbili ezabanjwa ku ukungqubuzana kwehlazo lenzalo ngo-2016 ngoba babe ngusihlalo wephaneli le-UN elakhipha i-glyphosate engcupheni yomdlavuza ngasikhathi sinye njengoba babephethe izikhundla zobuholi e I-International Life Sciences Institute, iqembu elingenzi nzuzo elithole okukhulu iminikelo evela embonini yezibulala-zinambuzane.

Kwikholamu yakhe yango-2015 emayelana nobungozi be-glyphosate, “ikhemikhali iMonsanto incike kuyo,” uHaspel ucaphune imithombo emibili exhumene nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane angayidalulanga: uKeith Solomon, usosayensi wezobuthi owabhala amaphepha nge-glyphosate ixhaswe nguMonsanto (futhi ngubani uMonsanto ukukhuthaza njengomthombo); noDavid Ropeik, ongumxhumanisi wokubona ngobungozi ohambisana neHarvard naye onenkampani yePR amaklayenti afaka iDow, iDuPont neBayer. UHaspel noRopeik bakhulume ndawonye emkhakheni wezolimo imiyalezo exhaswe umkhakha ukuqeqeshwa ikamu ebhuthini e-University of Florida e 2014.

Kwikholamu yakhe yango-2014 mayelana nokuthi izinsalela zezibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni zibeka engcupheni yini ezempilo, uHaspel wethule ukungabaza ngezingozi zezempilo ze-organophosphates, isigaba semithi yokubulala izinambuzane exhumene ukulimala kwemizwa ezinganeni, Nge ukubuyekeza ethola ukuthi "izifundo ze-epidemiological azizange zithinte ngokuqinile noma imuphi umuthi wokubulala izinambuzane njengoba uhlobene kakhulu nemiphumela emibi yokukhula kwezinzwa ezinganeni nasezinganeni." Umbhali oholayo wayengu- UCarol Burns, usosayensi eDow Chemical Company, ongomunye wabakhiqizi abakhulu be-organophosphates ezweni.

Leyo kholamu ibuye yasebenzisa imboni eya kusosayensi wezobuthi uCarl Winter njengomthombo wokuqinisekisa ukuphepha kwezinsalela zezibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni okususelwa ekuhlolweni kwe-EPA. IMonsanto yayikhona ukugqugquzela umsebenzi kaBusika ngaleso sikhathi ezindaweni zokukhuluma, kanti uBusika naye wakhonza kwi ibhodi lokweluleka ngesayensi weqembu elixhaswe ngemali yiMonsanto Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, okuyinto ngiziqhayisa kokuthunyelwe kwebhulogi ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezedlule mayelana nokushicilelwa kwe-anti-organic okwakucaphuna umfana wabo, "umeluleki we-ACSH uDkt. Carl Winter."

Idukisiwe nokubikwa okungaphandle kokuqukethwe

Kwikholamu yakhe yango-2014, uHaspel wasebenzisa iphepha lika-2012 yiAmerican Academy of Pediatrics ngaphandle komongo ukuqinisa impikiswano yakhe yokuthi ukudla i-organic kungahle kunganikeli izinzuzo zezempilo, kepha akabazisanga abafundi ngobubanzi obugcwele besifundo noma iziphetho. I- Iphepha le-AAP walandisa ngobufakazi obuningi besayensi obukhombisa ukulinyazwa kwezingane kusuka kokuchayeka okunzima nokuhlala isikhathi eside kuya kuma-pesticides ahlukahlukene, futhi waphetha ngokuthi, "Ukuchayeka kwezingane emithini yokubulala izinambuzane kufanele kukhawulelwe ngangokunokwenzeka." Lo mbiko ucaphune ubufakazi bokuthi “kwehle ngokushesha okukhulu ekukhishweni komchamo kwama-metabolites ezibulala-zinambuzane” ezinganeni ezidla ukudla okungokwemvelo. I-AAP nayo ikhishiwe izincomo zenqubomgomo ukunciphisa ukutholakala kwezingane emithini yokubulala izinambuzane.

UHaspel washiya wonke lowo mongo futhi wabika kuphela ukuthi umbiko we-AAP, “waphawula ukuhlangana phakathi kokuvezwa kwe-organophosphate nezinkinga zezinzwa ezitholakale kwezinye izifundo kodwa waphetha ngokuthi kusengakacaci ukuthi ukwehliswa kokuchayeka ngokudla izinto eziphilayo kungaba 'emtholampilo efanele. '”

Kwikholamu yakhe yango-2018, uHaspel wadukisa wabika ukuthi i-chlorpyrifos ye-pesticide “kube yimpi phakathi kwamaqembu ezemvelo, afuna ukuthi ivinjelwe, ne-EPA, engafuni” - kepha akabazisanga abafundi ngephuzu elisemqoka: ukuthi i-EPA wayencome ukuvinjelwa i-chlorpyrifos ngenxa yobufakazi obandayo bokuthi ukutholakala kokubeletha kungahle kwenzeke ube nemiphumela ehlala njalo ebuchosheni bezingane. I-ejensi ihlehlise inkambo kuphela ngemuva kwe- UTrump EPA waphazamisa. UHaspel uthole umusho wakhe odukisayo othi “amaqembu ezemvelo vs EPA” ngokuxhumanisa neNew York Times ikhasi lemibhalo lokho kunikeze umongo omncane ngesinqumo se-EPA, kunokuxhumanisa nendaba ye-NYT echaze i- umongo wezepolitiki wethonya lenkampani.

Kuncike emithonjeni evumelana 

Kwikholamu yakhe ka-2018, uHaspel usungule impikiswano yakhe yokuthi ukuvezwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni akukhathazi kakhulu isu lokuzibika elisolisayo alisebenzise kwezinye izikhathi: ecacisa isivumelwano phakathi kwemithombo eminingi ayaziyo. Kulokhu, uHaspel ubike ukuthi amazinga ezibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni “aphansi kakhulu” futhi “akufanele ukhathazeke ngawo,” ngokusho kwe- “i-USDA ne-Environmental Protection Agency (kanye nabaningi bezazi ezinobuthi engikhulume nabo iminyaka). ” Yize ebike ukuthi, "Akuwona wonke umuntu onokholo kulezo zivivinyo," uHaspel akazange akhulume ngemithombo engavumelani futhi wakushaya indiva ngokuphelele lokho Umbiko we-American Academy of Pediatrics lokho kuncoma ukwehliswa kokuchayeka kwezingane emithini yokubulala izinambuzane, akubalule ngokungahambisani nekholamu yakhe yango-2014. Kwikholamu yakhe yango-2015 ekhuluma nge-glyphosate waphinde wacaphuna imithombo enomqondo ofanayo, ebika ukuthi usosayensi “ngamunye” akhulume naye “uqaphele ukuthi kuze kuphakame imibuzo yakamuva, i-glyphosate ibiphawuliwe ngokuphepha kwayo.”

Kuphuthelwe idatha efanele 

Idatha efanelekile uHaspel uphuthelwe kuyo ekubikeni kwakhe mayelana nobungozi noma ama-pesticides kanye nezinzuzo zezitatimende ezifakiwe eziphilayo ngamaqembu ezempilo avelele kanye nesayensi yakamuva:

Imibono eminingi yokubika kukaHaspel

  • “Inhlangano yokudla incane? Akuveli lapho sihlala khona, ”kusho uChellie Pingree no-Anna Lappé, Washington Post (2.4.2016)
  • "Umbhali wephephandaba waseWashington Post uyoshaya iMonsanto - futhi," nguStacy Malkan, Ukulunga nokunemba ekubikeni (2.4.2016)
  • Ukubheja kwi-Food Beat: Kunini lapho kungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo khona? ” nguStacy Malkan, Ukulunga nokunemba ekubikeni (10.28.2015)
  • "Impendulo yokuthi 'Ingabe Okuphilayo Kungcono Yini Empilweni Yakho?'” Isikhungo se-Organic (4.8.2014)
  • "Ukuhlaselwa kwe-Organic: Ukuziba isayensi ukwenza icala lokulima ngamakhemikhali," nguKari Hamerschlag noStacy Malkan, Ukulunga nokunemba ekubikeni (7.2014)

Izindlela ezilahlekisayo nezikhohlisayo zikaDkt Kevin Folta

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UKevin Folta, Ph.D., uprofesa kanye nosihlalo woMnyango Wezesayensi Yezolimo eNyuvesi yaseFlorida, unikeze imininingwane enganembile futhi wenza imisebenzi edukisayo emizamweni yakhe yokukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Icala lakhe lakamuva elibhekene neThe New York Times yilona lakamuva kulayini omude wezibonelo zokuxhumana kukaDkt Folta okudukisayo nokukhohlisayo.

Wamangalela i-NYT ngokubika izibopho zakhe eMonsanto; icala lichithiwe 

NgoSepthemba 1, 2017, uDkt. Folta wafaka icala elibhekene neThe New York Times no-Eric Lipton, intatheli eyanqoba kathathu ngomklomelo wePulitzer Prize, bethi bayamhlambalaza Indatshana yekhasi langaphambili lika-2015 lokho kuchaze ukuthi iMonsanto ibhalise kanjani izifundiswa eziphikisana nokubhalwa kokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo.

Icala likaDkt Folta lachithwa ngoFebhuwari 27, 2019. Ijaji likahulumeni lavumela ukuthi abamangalelwa bafake isicelo isahlulelo sokugcina sokufingqa.

Imibhalo yecala:
Isikhalazo esichitshiyelwe (10 / 5 / 2017)
NYT ukunyakaza (10 / 19 / 2017)
Ijaji likahulumeni waphika iziphakamiso zikaDkt Folta zokuphoqelela ukutholakala, ukubiza ezinye zalezi zicelo ngokuthi "ziwubuphukuphuku impela" futhi "ziyahlekisa" (5/11/2018)
NYT futhi Eric Lipton isiphakamiso sesifinyezo sokugcina (7 / 25 / 18)
Kuchitshiyelwe uDkt Folta ukuphikisana nesiphakamiso sokwahlulela okufingqiwe (8 / 16 / 18)
I-oda lokunikezwa kwesicelo sabamangalelwa sokuthi isahlulelo sokugcina sokufingqa (2 / 27 / 19)
UDkt Folta wathuthela ku lichithe icala futhi lachithwa (4 / 9 / 2019)

Icala likaDkt. Folta lathi abamangalelwa “babemchaza kabi njengomuntu okhokhelwa ngokufihliwe njengenye yezinkampani ezinkulu nezinempikiswano enkulu eMelika, iMonsanto,” nokuthi bakwenza lokho ukuze “baqhubekisele phambili uhlelo lwabo 'lwe-GMO'." Ngokusho kwecala likaDkt. Folta, uLipton “ucishe wazithulisa yedwa umphakathi wesayensi ekufundiseni ososayensi indlela yokukhulumisana.”

Icala lathi uDkt Folta “akakaze asithole” “isibonelelo esingavinjelwe” esivela eMonsanto nokuthi “akakaze athole noma yiluphi uhlobo lwesibonelelo, futhi akakaze athole ukwesekwa kokuthi 'ahambele izwe lonke futhi avikele ukudla okushintshwe izakhi zofuzo.'” Nokho , imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto inikeze uDkt Folta, emazwini abo, "Isibonelelo esingavinjelwe esilinganiselwa ku- $ 25,000 esingasetshenziswa ngokubona kwakho ukusekela ucwaningo lwakho namaphrojekthi wokufinyelela."

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uMonsanto unikele ngemali ephendula a Isiphakamiso samakhasi ayi-9 kuDkt. Folta, lapho acela khona uMonsanto amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-25,000 ukuze axhase “isixazululo sakhe esinezitezi ezintathu” 'enkingeni yokuxhumana nge-biotech.' Imisebenzi ehlongozwayo ibandakanya ukuhamba inyanga nenyanga iye eyunivesithi enkulu yasekhaya ukuyokwazisa ngama-GMO. Le mali yanikelwa ebhange lokudla ngemuva kokuthi amadokhumende esewonke emphakathini.

Isibonelo sikaFolta exoxa / evikela umkhiqizo womkhakha (iMonsanto's Roundup)

Icala likaDkt Folta libuye lathi (iphuzu 67), “UDkt. UFolta akakhulumi nganoma iyiphi imikhiqizo yomkhakha, ufundisa kabanzi ngobuchwepheshe. ” Kodwa-ke ufakazele ukuphepha okucatshangwa ukuthi yi-Monsanto's RoundUp, waze wafika ekuphuzeni lo mkhiqizo "ukukhombisa ukungabi nabungozi." Unakho uthe futhi "uzophinda futhi."

Phakathi ku Septhemba 29, 2015 imeyili, UJanine Sikes, Iphini Likamongameli Womsizi Wezindaba Zomphakathi e-University of Florida, ubhalele uzakwabo ngendaba kaLipton ye-NYT: “ngerekhodi ebengicabanga ukuthi le ndaba ilungile.”

Izingcaphuno ezivela empendulweni ye-NYT no-Eric Lipton ecaleni likaFolta, kusuka ngoJulayi 2018 isiphakamiso sesifinyezo sokugcina:

UMnu Lipton uthembele ekuxhumaneni noMmangali nge-imeyili, okunikezwe yena yi-UF ukuphendula isicelo samarekhodi womphakathi. Yize kungenzeka ukuthi uMmangali, usosayensi ozichazayo “osesidlangalaleni”, angavele angafuni ukuthi izinhlangano zakhe nezimboni ezinkulu njengeMonsanto zihlolwe, ukubika okunembile ngamarekhodi abhala lezo zinhlangano ngeke kube yisisekelo secala lokwehliswa isithunzi. (Ikhasi 1)

Phakathi kokunye, amarekhodi e-UF (kaFolta) abhalwe: imikhiqizo yezimboni; (1) Ukufakaza kommangali phambi kwezinhlangano zikahulumeni ngokuvumelana nezinqubomgomo ezisekela i-GMO; (25,000) Ukusebenzisana kommangali nezimboni, kufaka phakathi ukuxhumana okuningi kwe-imeyili nabamele imboni behlinzeka ngemicabango yakhe mayelana neqhinga lokunxenxa nokuchaza imizamo yakhe yokuxhumana nesayensi ye-GMO emphakathini; (2) okuthunyelwe kwakhe kweGMOAnswers, iwebhusayithi exhaswa yimboni; kanye (3) nezindleko zokuhamba ezikhokhelwa imboni, kufaka phakathi izindleko ezihlobene nohambo lwakhe lokuya endlunkulu yeMonsanto. (Ikhasi 4)

Akumangalelwanga ukuhlangana neMonsanto ngenkathi isebenzisana neMonsanto  

UDkt Folta washo kaninginingi ukuthi wayengaxhumananga neMonsanto. Nokho ama-imeyili abikiwe yiThe New York Times yasungula ukuthi wayexhumana njalo noMonsanto kanye nobudlelwano babo nobudlelwano bomphakathi ukusebenzisana emisebenzini yokukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo.

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto nababambisene nabo basungule amathuba emidiya kanye nemisebenzi yokunxenxa uDkt Folta futhi basebenza naye ekuthumeleni imiyalezo. Ngo-Agasti 2014, uMonsanto wazisa uDkt Folta ukuthi uzothola ama- $ 25,000 ukuqhuba imisebenzi yakhe yokukhangisa. Ukuhwebelana kwe-imeyili kusikisela ukusebenzisana okusondele:

  • NgoJulayi 2014, Isikhulu seMonsanto sancoma isiphakamiso sikaDkt Folta sesibonelelo futhi sacela abanye abaphathi abane beMonsanto ukuthi banikeze impendulo ukuze bayithuthukise. Ubhale wathi, “Lokhu kuhle kakhulu 3rd-party ndlela yokwakha ukumela esibheke ukukuthuthukisa. ”
  • Ngo-Agasti 2014, UDkt. Folta uphendule incwadi yokwamukelwa kwesibonelelo sakhe, "Ngiyabonga ngaleli thuba futhi ngithembisa ukubuya okuqinile kutshalomali."
  • Ngo-Okthoba 2014, UDkt. Folta wabhalela isikhulu seMonsanto, “Ngiyajabula ukusayina noma yini oyithandayo, noma ukubhala noma yini oyithandayo.”

Ngemuva nje kwamasonto kwenziwe imininingwane yesibonelelo, ngo-Agasti 2014, uDkt Folta wagomela ukuthiakukho ukuxhumana okusemthethweni siye eMonsanto. ” Ubuye wathi yena akazange athole “ucwaningo noma uxhaso lomuntu siqu”Kusuka ku-“ Big Ag, ”yayine-“azikho izibopho zezezimali kunoma yiziphi izinkampani ze-Big Ag ezenza izitshalo ezishintshayo, kufaka phakathi iMonsanto, "futhi"lutho ukwenza INYANGA. ”

Uxhaso lweBayer

Ukuvuselelwa kwe-9/18: UDkt Folta inkontileka nenkampani yabameli iClifford Chance emele iBayer AG ukukhonza umxhumanisi ekulalelweni kokulamula ngesilinganiso sama- $ 600 ngehora kuze kufinyelele emahoreni ayi-120. Leyo mibhalo zenziwe zaziwa ngu IBiofortified, Inc., iqembu lokwenyusa le-GMO lelo ithe inqamule ubudlelwano noDkt Folta ngokwehluleka kwakhe ukudalula ngokugcwele ukungqubuzana okungaba khona kwenzalo.

Ukuvuselelwa kwe-11/17: UDkt Folta wathola futhi kudalulwe ukwamukelwa izimali zocwaningo ezivela kwaBayer AG (okusemkhankasweni wokuthola iMonsanto). Ngokuya nge- idokhumende itholakele yi-US Right to Know nge-FOIA, uBayer wathumela incwadi yomklomelo kuDkt Folta ngoMeyi 23, 2017 ngomxhaso wama-Euro angama-50,000 58,000 (cishe amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-XNUMX), ngesiphakamiso sakhe mayelana ne “New Herbicide Chemistries Discovered in Functional Randomness.”

Okuhlongozwayo ukufihla imali yeMonsanto ekuhlolweni komphakathi

"Imali engiyisebenzisayo isobala," kusho uDkt. Folta wabhala kubhulogi yakhe, kepha eyakhe isiphakamiso seMonsanto ukuxhasa imisebenzi yakhe yokuphromotha ye-GMO ephethwe ngesigaba eseluleka iMonsanto ukuthi inganikela kanjani ngemali ukugwema ukudalulwa komphakathi:

“Uma ixhaswe ngqo kulolu hlelo njengomnikelo we-SHARE (okuyimali eyisisekelo engavinjelwe) ayikho ngaphansi kwe-IDC futhi ayikho kwi-akhawunti 'yezinxushunxushu'. Ngamanye amagama, iminikelo yokwabelana ayaziwa emphakathini. Lokhu kuqeda ukukhathazeka okungenzeka kwenhlangano exhasayo ethonya umyalezo. ”

IMonsanto ithumele umnikelo wama- $ 25,000 njenge- imali engavinjelwe kaDkt Folta.

Wavumela inkampani ye-PR yemboni ukuthi imbhalele i-ghost, wayiphika

Indaba ka-Agasti 2015 ku Ngaphakathi ne-Higher Ed uchaze izinsolo zokuthi inkampani ye-PR yezimboni zezolimo, uKetchum, unikeze uDkt Folta "izimpendulo ezisemathinini emibuzweni mayelana nama-GMO" ebudlelwaneni bomphakathi wemboni yezolimo iwebhusayithi, Izimpendulo ze-GMO.

UDkt Folta uphikile ukuthi usebenzisa umbhalo obhaliwe, ngokusho kwendaba:

"Mayelana nezimpendulo ezisemathinini, uthe 'wacasuka' ngesikhathi ezithola futhi akazange azisebenzise.”

UDkt Folta kamuva wavuma ukuthi usebenzisa umbhalo obhaliwe. I- I-New York Times ibike ngo-Septhemba 2015:

“Kodwa uKetchum wenze okungaphezulu kokunikeza imibuzo (yezimpendulo zeGMO). Izikhathi eziningana, yanikeza noDkt. Folta izimpendulo ezibhaliwe, wabe esesebenzisa amazwi nezwi, okuyisinyathelo manje athi kwaba yiphutha. ”

Ngo-Okthoba 2015 Indaba yeBuzzFeed, UDkt. Folta usithethelele isinqumo sakhe sokusebenzisa umbhalo kaKetchum obhalwe njengesipoki:

"Banginikeza izimpendulo ezinhle ngokwedlulele ezazibonakala," kusho uFolta kimi. “Ngigcwele umsebenzi. Mhlawumbe beyivila, kepha angazi ukuthi ibivila. Uma othile ethi, 'Sikucabangile ngalokhu futhi nakhu esinakho' - kunabantu abasebenza ezifundweni ezinababhali bezinkulumo abathatha amagama abanye abantu bawaveze njengawabo. Kulungile."

Kuthunyelwe imininingwane engamanga mayelana nokuxhaswa kwemali embonini yezibulala-zinambuzane e-University of Florida

Ngo-Okthoba 2014, uDkt Folta wabhala imininingwane enganembile ngemali yakhe eyunivesithi ngezimpendulo ze-GMO. Lapho bebuzwa, “Izinkampani ze-biotech zinikele malini eMnyangweni Wezesayensi Yezolimo, eNyuvesi yaseFlorida?” UDkt Folta uphendule wathi:

“Kuneminikelo engu-zero. ' Okungenani phakathi neminyaka emihlanu edlule (konke engikubhekile), azikho ngisho izibonelelo noma izivumelwano zocwaningo phakathi koMnyango Wezesayensi Yezolimo eUF kanye nanoma iyiphi inkampani ethengisa imbewu ye-biotech…

Eminyakeni emihlanu edlule, e iyunivesithi yonke, kwakukhona inani lama- $ 21,000 kwizibonelelo zikaMonsanto kwilungu elilodwa le-faculty ku-panhandle elifunda ukhula. Yilokho eyunivesithi yonke. Amarekhodi ethu asesidlangalaleni, ngakho-ke noma ngubani ubengaluthola lolu lwazi. ”

Eqinisweni, izinkampani ze-biotech zinikele ngaphezu kwe- $ 12 million ku-University of Florida ngonyaka wezimali u-2013/2014 kuphela, ngokusho kwemibhalo ye-University of Florida Foundation ithunyelwe ngu-NYT. IMonsanto yafakwa ohlwini njengomnikeli we "Gold" ngalowo nyaka, okusho ukuthi inkampani yanikela okungenani ama- $ 1 million. USyngenta ubengumnikeli “weDayimane” nge- “Cumulative Giving of $ 10 Million +” kanti iBASF inikele okungenani ngama- $ 1 million kwathi iPioneer Hi-Bred yanikela okungenani ama- $ 100,000.

IYunivesithi yaseFlorida 'inesimo' kuma-GMO 'esivumelana' neMonsanto, kanti uDkt Folta uphethe ukuyikhuthaza  

Abaholi baseNyuvesi yaseFlorida bakholelwa ukuthi kuyindima eyunivesithi ukufundisa uquqaba ngama-GMO futhi babelana “ngokuma” noMonsanto, ngokusho kwe-imeyili etholwe uphenyo lwe-US Right to Know.

UDavid Clark, uprofesa we-horticultural biotechnology & genetics kanye nomqondisi we-University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Plant Innovation Program (UF / IFAS), wabhalela isikhulu seMonsanto uRobb Fraley ngoJulayi 21, 2014:

“Bengicabanga ukuthi inkulumo yakho ibihle kakhulu futhi ifike ngesikhathi kakhulu emphakathini wethu, futhi iyahambisana nesimo esisithatha kumaGMO eNyuvesi yaseFlorida. Futhi, ngiyabonga ngokuthatha imizuzu embalwa ukuxoxa nami ngemuva kwalokho mayelana nokuthi kufanele ngabe sifundisa kanjani ama-80% wabathengi abazi kancane kakhulu ngobuchwepheshe.

Ngemva kokubuyela eGainesville, ngaxhumana noDkt. UKevin Folta noJack Payne mayelana nengxoxo yethu. UKevin ungumkhulumeli wethu oholayo e-UF esihlokweni se-GMO futhi uthathe icala lokwenza lokho esikhulume ngakho - ukufundisa uquqaba. UJack uyi-VP yethu enkulu ye-IFAS, futhi ngesonto eledlule ukhiphe ividiyo ekhombisa ukuthi iUF / IFAS imi kuphi ngodaba lwe-GMO: http://www.floridatrend.com/article/17361/jack-payne-of-uf-on-gmos-and-climate-change Bobabili bazimisele kakhulu ngalolu daba, futhi ngokubambisana baqinisa imizamo yabo yokusabalalisa igama elihle. ”

Kule vidiyo, uDkt. Payne uthi, “asikho isayensi esivumelana nalaba bantu abesaba ama-GMO.” Eqinisweni, ososayensi nezifundo eziningi baye bakwenza ukuphakamisa ukukhathazeka mayelana nama-GMO.

Ibambisene namaqembu angaphambi kokungathembeki emicimbini yemijikelezo ye-Biotech Literacy exhaswa ngezimali e-UF nase-UC Davis

A Ingqungquthela kaJuni 2014 ukukhuthaza ama-GMO abizwa nge- “Ikamu Le-Boot Biotech Literacy Project”Ikhokhiswe njengobambiswano phakathi kweYunivesithi yaseFlorida, i Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, amaqembu amabili angaphambili asebenza neMonsanto ukukhuthaza imikhiqizo yezimboni zezolimo nokuhlasela abagxeki bezimboni. Lawo maqembu womabili atshele ososayensi nezintatheli - ngokunganembile - ukuthi imicimbi ixhaswe yinhlanganisela kahulumeni, izifundiswa kanye nezimboni.

Ngo-2015, intatheli uBrooke Borel kubika kuSayensi Edumile:

“Ingqungquthela okukhulunywa ngayo yabizwa ngeBiotech Literacy Project Boot Camp. Ngamenywa ukuba ngibe khona futhi ngizokhuluma kwamanye amaphaneli, yize bekungakacaci ekuqaleni ukuthi lokho kuzobandakanya ini. Nganikezwa isizumbulu sama- $ 2,000, kanye nezindleko. Ngabhala ngabuza ukuthi ngubani ozohlinzeka ngalesi sikhundla futhi ngatshelwa ukuthi kuzohlanganiswa imali evela ku-UC Davis, i-USDA, imali yombuso kanye neBiotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO). ”

Phakathi ku 2016 imeyili kososayensi, uBruce Chassy we-Academics Review wathi imboni "ibingumxhasi ongaqondile" weBiotech Literacy Project Boot Camps:

“I-bootcamp yezinsuku ezintathu ibiza kakhulu ngoba sikhokhela wonke umuntu indawo yokulala nezindawo zokuhlala kanye ne-honaria. Ababambe iqhaza bathole ama- $ 3 nabethuli okungafika ku- $ 250 (izintatheli azibizi)… Ngidinga ukucacisa ngaphambili ukuthi ukwesekwa kwethu kuvela ku-BIO, USDA, state-USAID kanye nemali eyisisekelo, ngakho-ke imboni ayixhasi ngokungaqondile. Siphumele obala ngo-2,500% mayelana noxhaso. ”

Kodwa-ke, labo hulumeni kanye nemithombo yezemfundo bakuphikile ukuthi banikela ngezimali kwiBiotech Literacy Project Boot Camps, ngokusho kombiko kaPaul Thacker I-Progressive. UThacker wabhala, “okuwukuphela komthombo wemali olandelanayo imboni ye-biotech.”

Kokubili i-Academics Review and Genetic Literacy Project inomlando wokudukisa umphakathi ngezimali zawo nangemisebenzi yabo yokuvikela imboni yezolimo.

  • Ukubuyekezwa kwe-Academics kuye kwabanga kaningi njengeqembu elizimele, kepha ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know embule ukuthi i-Academics Review yamiswa njengeqembu eliphambili ngosizo lweMonsanto, ngenkathi "igcina iMonsanto ngemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi."
  • Inothi elithi "Ukusobala ngokwezezimali" kwiwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project lithi ezinganembile, izinguquko kaningi futhi kwesinye isikhathi iziphikisile. Umqondisi we-GLP uJon Entine une ubuhlobo obuningi obuseduze neMonsanto.

UDkt Folta uphinde wahlela lokho akubiza ngokuthi “usuku lwe-biotechnology literacy kanye nezokuxhumana”Ukukhuthaza ama-GMO eNyuvesi yaseFlorida ngo-2015. Izipikha zifaka osolwazi be-UF, isisebenzi saseMonsanto uVance Crowe, abamele amaqembu amabili ahambelana nomkhakha wezolimo (i Isikhungo Sobuqotho Bokudla futhi Kwenziwe kabusha), Futhi UTamar Haspel, umlobeli wephephabhuku lokudla weWashington Post.

UDkt Folta uchaze izinhlelo zakhe ku Isiphakamiso wasithumela eMonsanto efuna ukuxhaswa ngezimali emicimbini ayichaze “njengesixazululo senkinga yezokuxhumana nge-biotech” esivela “ekulawuleni umbono womphakathi” kanye “nokuqinisa kwabo imizamo yokufaka ilebula yokudla ngokungadingekile.” Kuma-imeyili wathumela eHaspel, UDkt. Folta uthe izethameli zomcimbi "we-biotechnology literacy" kuzoba "ososayensi, odokotela kanye nabanye ochwepheshe okudingeka bafunde ukukhuluma nomphakathi."

Uchaze ukunyakaza kokudla "njengeqembu labashokobezi"

UDkt Folta ubhalele phambili incwadi yango-2015 ebizwa ngokuthi “Fear Babe: Shattering Vani Hari's Glass House.” Umphambili uchaza ukunyakaza kokudla njengeqembu lamaphekula, uFolta aqamba igama elithi “Al Quesadilla”:

“U-Al Quesadilla ungumbonisi oqokelwe eqenjini lamaphekula lanamhlanje eliphakeme futhi elixhaswe ngezimali elifungile ukusebenzisa ukwesaba ukuphoqa izinguquko kwezepolitiki ezungeze ukudla. I-Al Quesadilla inomsebenzi ophakathi nendawo - ukuphoqelela izinkolelo zabo mayelana nokudla nokukhiqizwa kokudla emphakathini obanzi. Izinkolelo zabo ngokwemvelo zenkolo. Zisuka enhliziyweni ngokujulile futhi zangaphakathi. Izinkolelo zabo zisekelwe ekuchazelweni kahle kwemvelo, ukungathembi amasiko ezinkampani nokungabaza isayensi yanamuhla…

I-Al Quesadilla yiqembu lamaphekula eligugile nelinyonyobayo. Njengabo bonke amaphekula, bafeza izinhloso zabo ngokusebenzisa ukwesaba nokuphoqelela. Bahlela iziteleka ngokucophelela emigomeni esengozini - abathengi baseMelika… ”

Incwadi, eshicilelwe ngu ISenapath Press, yabhalwa nguMark Alsip, i-blogger ye-Bad Science Debunked, uMarc Draco, "ilunga elingumakadebona" ​​ekhasini le-Facebook Livinjelwe yi-Food Babe, noKavin Senapathy, ongumnikeli weForbes owayenezindatshana zakhe eziningana isuswe yiForbes.

Incwadi ikhuthaza ama-GMO, ibanga i-MSG kanye i-aspartame “azinabungozi” futhi zithi zichaza “amaqiniso abangela ukwesatshiswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane.”

Inkulumo-ze ye-pesticide

UDkt Folta ukuchitha ukukhathazeka ngokuvezwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane ngezimangalo ze-propaganda, hhayi isayensi. Isibonelo, wenza futhi wehluleka ukulungisa isivakashi sakhe ngezitatimende eziningi ezesabekayo mayelana nokuphepha kwezibulala-zinambuzane kulo 2015 i-podcast interview no-Yvette d'Entremont, i- “SciBabe.” UFolta uthi:

  • Uma othile ekhathazekile ngokuchayeka kwezibulala-zinambuzane, “mbuze ukuthi unazo yini izimpawu zobuthi bezibulala-zinambuzane. Ngaphandle kokuthi babe nezimpawu zobuthi bezibulala-zinambuzane, cishe akukho okumele ukhathazeke ngakho. ”
  • "Ingozi yakho kunoma yiluphi uhlobo, ikakhulukazi, ukuchayeka kwezibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni kungenzeka ukuthi iphakathi nendawo ngokuphindwe izikhathi eziyizi-10,000 XNUMX nesigidi kunengozi yemoto."

Amaqhinga okuxhumana akhohlisayo

Esinye isibonelo sokuxhumana okulahlekisayo okuhlobene noDkt Folta sibhalwe ku-2015 Indaba yeBuzzFeed nguBrooke Borel. Indaba ilandisa ngokutholwa kukaBorel ukuthi uDkt Folta wasebenzisa umazisi ongamanga ukuxoxa nososayensi kanye naye uqobo kwi-podcast ebizwa nge- "The Vern Blazek Science Power Hour."

Ukuqhubeka nokufunda:

New York Times, "I-Food Industry Yabhalisa Izifundiswa ku-GMO Lobbying War, Ama-imeyili Show," ngu-Eric Lipton (9/6/2015)

Ama-imeyili athunyelwe ngu I-New York Times

I-Progressive, "Flacking for GMOs: How the Biotech Industry Plantts Positive Media," nguPaul Thacker (7/21/2017)

Huffington Post, "Uthando Olungapheli lukaKeith Kloor ngama-GMO," nguPaul Thacker (7/19/2017)

Izindaba Zomhlaba Wonke, "Imibhalo Idalula I-Canadian Teenager Target ye-GMO Lobby," ngu-Allison Vuchnich (12/22/2015)

Imvelo Biotechnology, "Ukumela Ukubonakala," nguStacy Malkan (1/2016)

Umama uJones, "Lawa ma-imeyili akhombisa uMonsanto encike koSolwazi ekulweni impi ye-GMO," nguTom Philpott (10/2/2015)

I-BuzzFeed, "Imbewu Money: Ukuvuma kweGMO Defender," nguBrooke Borel (10/19/2015)

USRTK Umbiko Omfushane, "Izintatheli zehlulekile ukudalula uxhaso lwemithombo ezivela eMonsanto"

Izindaba Ezizimele Zesayensi, "AbaPuppetmasters base-Academia (noma Lokho okususwe yi-NYT)," nguJonathan Latham (9/8/2015)

USRTK incwadi eya kuDkt Folta mayelana nezicelo zethu ze-FOIA

I-AgBioChatter: Lapho Izinkampani, Isu Elihleliwe Lezemfundo kuma-GMO, Izibulala-zinambuzane

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

I-AgBioChatter iyi-server yangasese ye-imeyili esetshenziswa yimboni yezolimo kanye nabalingani bayo ukuxhumanisa imisebenzi yokuthumela imiyalezo nokunxenxa. Amalungu ohlu afaka izifundiswa ezixhasa umkhakha wezimboni, abasebenza embonini ephezulu yezolimo kanye nabasebenzisana nomphakathi.

Lokhu idokhumenti yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ikhomba i- “Academics (AgBioChatter)” “njengozakwethu bezimboni” kuTier 2 ezinhlelweni zobudlelwano bomphakathi noMonsanto zokudicilela phansi isithunzi seWorld Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ukuze kuvikelwe isithunzi seRoundup weedkiller. Ngo-Mashi 2015, i-IARC yahlulela i-glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko ku-Roundup, ukuthi ibe mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic kubantu.

Izifundiswa eziningana ze-AgBioChatter nazo zidlala indima ebalulekile kwamanye amaqembu "ophathina bezimboni" aqanjwe ohlelweni lukaMonsanto lwe-PR lokuhlambalaza umbiko we-IARC we-carcinogenicity, kufaka phakathi Izimpendulo ze-GMO, Ukuhlukaniswa, Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa futhi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi.

Ingemuva: IMonsanto Ithembele Kulaba "Ozakwethu" Ukuhlasela Ososayensi Abaphezulu Bomdlavuza

Ama-imeyili we-AgBioChatter axhunywe ngezansi - kanye neminye imibhalo etholakele ngu-US Ilungelo Lokwazi futhi manje isingathwe endaweni Ingobo yomlando Yemibhalo Yezimboni ze-UCSF - nikeza izibonelo eziningi zokuthi amaqembu ezifundiswa nezimboni asebenzisana kanjani ngezindlela ezicashile zokududula imiyalezo ehambisanayo nomkhakha kuzingxenyekazi ezahlukahlukene ukukhiqiza ukungabaza ngezingozi zezempilo nezemvelo zemithi yokubulala izinambuzane nama-GMO.

Izitolo zabezindaba emhlabeni jikelele babike ngalokhu kusebenzisana ekusithekeni ukukhuthaza imibono yezimboni ngesayensi nokuphikisana nemithethonqubo.

Imizamo ye-US Right to Know yokwenza izinto obala

I-US Right to Know ithole ama-imeyili we-AgBioChatter ngo-2016 nango-2017 ngesicelo samarekhodi womphakathi. NgoJulayi 2017, i-US Right to Know wamangalela iNyuvesi yaseFlorida ngokwehluleka kwayo ukukhipha amarekhodi omphakathi aceliwe afaka imboni yezolimo kanye noprofesa abaxhaswe umphakathi, kufaka phakathi imibhalo evela esithangamini se-AgBioChatter.

NgoMashi 2018, ijaji laseFlorida lalichitha leli cala, lathi ama-imeyili e-AgBioChatter “ayeyizinto zomuntu siqu ezazivela kubantu bakaKevin Folta kuphela” hhayi ibhizinisi lasenyuvesi lomphakathi. Ngemininingwane engaphezulu, bheka i- imibhalo yenkantolo.

Ukusabalala okuhlobene nabezindaba

  • Inkululeko Yokweseka I-Press, "Yeka ukuthi izinkampani zikucindezela kanjani ukudalulwa kwamarekhodi omphakathi mayelana nazo," nguCamille Fassett (2/27/18)
  • I-New York Times, “I-Food Industry Yabhalisa Izifundiswa ku-GMO labeling war, Emails Show,” ebhalwe ngu-Eric Lipton; futhi ingobo yomlando ye-imeyili, "UProfesa waseFlorida usebenza nemboni ye-Biotech" (9/5/2015)
  • I-Alternet, “Ngabe kukhona okushaya amanzi okwenzekayo phakathi kweYunivesithi yaseFlorida nemboni yezolimo? Abathengi banelungelo lokwazi, ”nguDaniel Ross, i-Alternet (2/13/18)

Okuqukethwe kohlu lwe-AgBioChatter

The Ama-imeyili we-AgBioChatter atholakele ngokusebenzisa izicelo zomlando wamarekhodi womphakathi (amakhasi ayi-142) abonisa izifundiswa nabasebenzi bemboni yezolimo abaxhumanisa amaphuzu okukhuluma ukuze baphikise ukufakwa kwelebizo le-GMO, bakhuthaze futhi bavikele ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, bagxeke imboni, futhi bagweme izicelo zoMthetho weNkululeko Yolwazi ngemininingwane ephathelene noprofesa abakhokhelwa nguhulumeni.

Ingqikithi enkulu yama-imeyili (futhi ikakhulukazi indima yelungu lohlu uJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto) kwakuwukuhlonza abagxeka imboni yezolimo namathuba okubahlasela. Lapha kubalwa uMehmet Oz, uVandana Shiva, uDon Huber, i-Consumers Union nabanye.

Enye indikimba ebalulekile kuma-imeyili e-AgBioChatter yimizamo yokuhlela izifundo zesayensi eziphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngobungozi bama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane ngokuthi "ziqhutshwa yi-ajenda," kanti izifundo ezibika kahle ngemikhiqizo yezimboni yezolimo "ziyi-pro science."

Ezemfundo, ukusebenzisana kwezimboni 

Ngokwama-imeyili atholakele kuze kube manje ngezicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi, izifundiswa, abasebenzi bemboni yezolimo, abeluleki kanye nezinkampani ze-PR babambe iqhaza ohlwini lwama- "Chatter".

Abahlanganyeli abaziwayo babhalwe ngezansi kanye nezibopho zabo kokunye "Amaqembu abalingani bezimboni" iqanjwe ohlelweni lwe-PR lukaMonsanto ukuze hlela ukukhala ngokumelene nephaneli yomdlavuza we-IARC. Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngala maqembu, bheka amaphepha ethu eqiniso:

Futhi okuphawulwe ngezansi yizibopho eziya ku- Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu langaphambili elithola imali yenkampani ukuze ukukhuthaza imibono yezimboni ngesayensi futhi bahlasele abagxeki.

Izixhumanisi ezigcinwe kulondolozo lwe-Genetic Literacy Project zinikeza umuzwa wokuthumela imiyalezo evamile, ephindaphindwayo la maqembu angaphambili kanye nezifundiswa zisebenzisa ukukhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, zama ukudicilela phansi abagxeki, ukuphikisana nokwesulwa kanye nokuphikisana nemizamo yokwenza izinto obala.

Amalungu ohlu lwe-AgBioChatter 

Ama-imeyili atholwe ngezicelo zamarekhodi womphakathi akhombisa ukuthi laba bantu abalandelayo babeku-listerver ye-AgBioChatter njengezinsuku ezikuma-imeyili.

Andrew Apel, imboni yezolimo umxhumanisi nomhleli wangaphambili yencwajana yomkhakha webhayoloji i-AgBiotech Reporter

UGraham Brooks, Isazi Sezomnotho Wezolimo, i-PG Economics Ltd, e-UK

UJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto; umongameli we v-Fluence Interactive inkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi

UBruce Chassy, ​​PhD, USolwazi Emeritus Wezokuphepha Kokudla kanye neSayensi Yezomsoco, iYunivesithi yase-Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign

UJon Entine, umqondisi we-Genetic Literacy Project, uMonsanto “ongumlingani wemboni”

UKevin Folta, PhD, USolwazi noSihlalo, uMnyango Wezesayensi Yezolimo, iYunivesithi yaseFlorida

I-Val Giddings, i-PhD, umxhumanisi wemboni, owayengu-VP wenhlangano yezohwebo ye-BIO

  • Umuntu omkhulu kwa-Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (exhaswe ngamaqembu emikhakha yezemithi, engenazintambo kanye neyezolimo)
  • Usizile ukusetha ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo njenge iqembu eliphambili leMonsanto
  • Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project archives

U-Andy Hedgecock, UDuPont Pioneer owayengumqondisi wezindaba zesayensi

UDrew Kershen, PhD, U-Emeritus Professor, University of Oklahoma, College of Law

UMarcel Kuntz, PhD, umqondisi wocwaningo kwa-CNRS, Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire Végétale, Grenoble, France 

  • Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project archives 

UChris Leaver, PhD, U-Emeritus Professor of Plant Science, eNyuvesi yase-Oxford

Adrienne Massey, PhD, IBiotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO), umphathi ophethe izindaba zesayensi nezomthetho

URobert McGregor, Umhlaziyi Wezinqubomgomo, IPrince Edward Island, eCanada

Alan McHughen, PhD, ENyuvesi yaseCalifornia Riverside

UHenry Miller, MD, esikanye naye eHoover Institution, ihhovisi langaphambili le-FDA le-biotechnology

UVivian Moses, PhD, Isifo Sikashukela Nezempilo, eKing's College London

UPiero Morandini, PhD, umsizi wocwaningo, ENyuvesi yaseMilan

UWayne Parrott, PhD, UProfesa, Ukutshala Ukutshala kanye Nofuzo, University of Georgia

CS Prakash, PhD, UProfesa, i-Plant Genetics, i-Genomics ne-Biotechnology College yeSayensi yezoLimo, ezeMvelo kanye neNutrition, eTuskegee University

UCami Ryan, PhD, IMonsanto, ukuhola kwesayensi yezenhlalo, inqubomgomo yokulawula kanye nezindaba zesayensi eCanada

U-Eric Sachs, PhD, I-Monsanto, ezemvelo, ezenhlalo nezomnotho zihola phambili

U-Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, I-Animal Genetics ne-Biotechnology Cooperative Extension Specialist, iYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eDavis

UKarl Haro von Mogel, PhD, Umqondisi we-Biofortified wesayensi nabezindaba   

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngokutholwe yi-US Right to Know nokusakazwa kwabezindaba mayelana nokusebenzisana phakathi kwamaqembu ezimboni nezifundiswa ezindabeni zokudla, bheka ikhasi lethu lokuphenya. Imibhalo yase-US Right to Know iyatholakala ku- Umtapo Wezincwadi Wezimboni Zamakhemikhali isingathwe yiYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eSan Francisco.