UJay Byrne: Hlangana noMuntu Olandela Umshini We-Monsanto PR

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

OwayenguMqondisi Wezokuxhumana Kwamabhizinisi uMonsanto uJay Byrne, umongameli wenkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi v-Amandla, ungumdlali oyinhloko kufayela le- i-covert inkulumo-ze nemikhankaso yokunxenxa izinkampani zezolimo ezinkulu kakhulu emhlabeni. Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know, kuthunyelwe ku-UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Archive, yembula uhla lwamasu akhohlisayo uByrne nabanye ababambisene nabo embonini abasebenzisayo ukukhuthaza nokuvikela ukudla kwe-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Izibonelo lapha zibonisa ezinye zezindlela izinkampani ezihambisa ngazo imiyalezo yazo enkundleni yomphakathi zisuka ngemuva kwesembozo samaqembu angaphambi kokuzwakala, abasizi bakahulumeni kanye nezifundiswa ezibonakala zizimele njengoba zisebenza nezinkampani noma ababonisi babo be-PR.

Amaklayenti: izinkampani eziphezulu zezolimo, ezolimo kanye nezinkampani zezidakamizwa 

KaByrne uhlu lwamakhasimende ifake phakathi uhla lwamabhizinisi amakhulu ezolimo kanye nezinkampani ezenza imithi namaqembu amabhizinisi, kufaka phakathi i-American Chemistry Council, iSyngenta, i-AstraZeneca, iMonsanto, iPfizer, i-American Farm Bureau, iNational Corn Growers Association, iGrocery Manufacturers Association, iRohm neHaas kanye nemboni yokubulala izinambuzane. iqembu lokuhweba iCropLife.

I-International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), ekhuthaza ukwenziwa kwezakhi zofuzo “iGolden Rice,” nayo iyiklayenti. Byrne ubambe iqhaza emizameni ye-PR yokuhlasela iGreenpeace nabanye abagxeka ilayisi le-GMO. Bheka nomtapo wolwazi wamakhompiyutha we-UCSF wabaningi amadokhumende afaka i-IRRI.

Kuphekwe iqembu eliphambili lezemfundo ukuze lihlasele abagxeki beMonsanto

Isu elisemqoka lomkhakha wezolimo, njenge I-New York Times ibike, ngukutshala osolwazi “besigqoko esimhlophe” ukulwa izimpi zomkhakha we-PR kanye nokunxenxa izimpi zisemuva kwesembozo "sokungakhethi kanye nesisindo segunya eliza nozalo loprofesa."

NgoMashi 2010, uByrne kanye noProfesa waseYunivesithi yase-Illinois UBruce Chassy uxoxe ngokusungula iqembu eliphambili elibizwa nge- "Academics Review" elingaheha iminikelo evela ezinkampanini ngenkathi libonakala lizimele. U-Byrne waqhathanisa lo mqondo nesikhungo senkululeko yabathengi (iqembu langaphambili eliqhutshwa udumo olubi inkulumo-ze yenkampani indoda engaphambili uRick Berman), okuthe “kwangena kulokhu ngokweqile; futhi ngicabanga ukuthi sinomqondo ongcono kakhulu. ” U-Byrne uchaze “uhla 'lwamathuba' anezinhloso” abangalulandela. UByrne wabhalela uDkt Chassy:

Wonke lawo maqembu, abantu kanye nezindawo zezihloko "kusho imali yezinhlangano zezinkampani ezithende kahle," kubhala uByrne. Uthe yena futhi UVal Giddings, PhD, owayeyisekela likamongameli weqembu lebhizinisi le-biotech i-BIO, ingasebenza "njengezimoto zokuhweba" zezifundiswa.

Ngo-November 2010, UByrne wabhalela uChassy Futhi, "Kuzoba kuhle ukuthola isigaba esilandelayo somsebenzi ekubuyekezweni kwe-Academics - sinezinga elihamba kancane eliqhamuka ngonyaka ka-2011 uma ibhizinisi lisafana." U-Byrne unikeze “ukuhlela isikhathi esithile sokwenza i-pro bono search engine optimization” ”ukuze iqembu lakhe libhekane nethonya lomgxeki we-GMO online. U-Byrne uphethe i-imeyili, "Njengenjwayelo, ngingathanda ukuthola isihloko esilandelayo (futhi sixhase) ukukhulisa lokhu ngenkathi sikwazi."

Ngo-2014, i-Academics Review yakhipha i- kubika ukuhlasela imboni ephilayo njengomkhonyovu wokumaketha; ezintweni zalo zokumaketha zombiko, i-Academics Review ithi izimele futhi ayizange iveze ukuxhaswa kwayo embonini yezolimo.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

"Imiklamo kahulumeni wase-US-GLP-Byrne" yokuthwebula izintatheli

Ukunxenxa kukaByrne nokusebenza kwe-PR kweGMO kanye nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane kuhlangana ezindaweni eziningi nomsebenzi we UJon Entine, omunye umuntu osemqoka emikhankasweni yokuvikela umkhakha wezolimo. U-Entine uqondisa i-Genetic Literacy Project, ayisungula ngo-2011 ngesikhathi iMonsanto isiyi- iklayenti lenkampani yakhe ye-PR. (I-Entine's PR firm ESG MediaMetrics ibhale iMonsanto njengekhasimende kuwebhusayithi yayo ku 2010, 2011, 2012 kuze kufike kuJanuwari 2013, ngokusho kwezinqolobane ze-inthanethi zisatholakala online.)

Ngo-December 2013, U-Entine ubhalele uMax T. Holtzman, owayeyibamba lesekela likanobhala ngaphansi koMnyango Wezolimo e-US, ukuze aphakamise ukusebenzisana ochungechungeni lwezinto azichaza ngokuthi “yimisebenzi kahulumeni wase-US-GLP-Byrne” ukukhuthaza ama-GMO. U-Entine ubhalele uHoltzman:

Isiphakamiso sika-Entine “Uhulumeni wase-US-GLP-Byrne”Amaphrojekthi afaka phakathi“ Ithimba leBoot Camp ne-Response Swat Team ”ukulungiselela izifundiswa ezivela eceleni ukuthi“ zibambe iqhaza ekushayweni komthetho ezindlebeni [ze-GMO] nakwezinye izindaba ezihlobene nazo, ”“ umhlangano wobuntatheli ”ukuqinisa ukusakazwa kwabezindaba mayelana nezinselelo zokuphepha kokudla kanye“ nokuhlinzeka ngoqeqesho kwizintatheli ezisencane, ”umkhankaso wokufinyelela kwabezindaba emhlabeni wonke wokukhuthaza ukwamukelwa kwe-biotechnology, kanye" nokuqukethwe kwemidiya eminingi nokubekwa okuvela emithonjeni ethembekile "kuqinisa izingqikithi ezibalulekile" ngamasegmenti nemibhalo etholakalayo etholakala kumawebhusayithi kahulumeni wase-US, i-GLP namanye amapulatifomu. "

UHoltzman uphendule, “Ngiyabonga Jon. Bekukuhle ukuhlangana nawe futhi. Ngicabanga ukuthi uhlaka lwakho olungezansi luhlinzeka ngamaphoyinti ezimpambanweni zemvelo lapho imiyalezo ye-usda / USG nemizamo yakho ihlangana kahle. Ngingathanda ukuqhubekisela phambili futhi ngixegise abanye abantu lapha e-usda hhayi nje kuphela abavela ezindaweni zobuchwepheshe / ezentengiselwano kodwa nasezitolo zethu zokuxhumana. ”

Amavidiyo aqondiswe ngabakhokhi bentela, aqondaniswe neMonsanto ukukhuthaza ama-GMO

Uchungechunge lwabakhokhi bentela oluxhaswe ngemali videos okwakhiqizwa ngo-2012 ukukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kunikeza esinye isibonelo sendlela izifundiswa namanyuvesi abephusha ngayo imiyalezo ehambisana nezinkampani. Inkampani ka-Byrne i-PR v-Fluence isize ekwakheni ama-video “abeklanyelwe ukuvela njengesabelomali esincane kanye nezimfundamakhwela,” ngokusho kwe-imeyili evela kuSolwazi uBruce Chassy wase-University of Illinois.

UDkt Chassy yabhalela abasebenzi baseMonsanto ngo-Ephreli 27, 2012:

U-Eric Sachs weMonsanto uphendule wathi:

AmaSachs anikele ngokusiza ngokuthumela imiyalezo ngamavidiyo wesikhathi esizayo ngokwabelana ngemiphumela yokuhlolwa kweqembu okwakugxilwa kulo okwenziwa uMonsanto. UDkt. Chassy umeme iSachs ukuthi inikeze iziphakamiso ngezihloko zevidiyo ezizayo futhi yamcela ukuthi athumele imiphumela yeqembu lokugxila leMonsanto.

Ukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuhlela impikiswano mayelana nama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides

Ngo-2014 nango-2015, uByrne wasiza uJon Entine ukuhlela ifayili le- Izinkambu zeBiotech Literacy Project ixhaswe yizinkampani zezolimo futhi ibanjwe ngokubambisana ngamaqembu amabili angaphambili embonini, Iphrojekthi ye-Entine's Genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo KukaBruce Chassy. Abahleli bedukise bachaza uxhaso lwalemicimbi njengokuqhamuka emithonjeni yezemfundo, kahulumeni neyezimboni, kodwa i okuwukuphela komthombo wokuthola imali owawungalandeleka kwakuyimboni yezolimo, ngokusho kombiko kaPaul Thacker. Inhloso yamakamu ama-boot, kusho uThacker, "kwakuwukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuthi bahlele impikiswano ngama-GMO nangobuthi be-glyphosate."

UByrne wayeseqenjini elalihlela, kanye noCami Ryan (manje osebenzela iMonsanto) noBruce Chassy (owayethola izimali ezivela eMonsanto lokho akuzange kuvezwe obala), ngokusho kwama-imeyili avela ku- Faka futhi Ryan.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

I-Bonus Eventus: ikamelo lezokuxhumana lomkhakha wezolimo lomkhakha wezolimo

Umsebenzi obalulekile uByrne ahlinzeka ngawo emizamweni yokwenyusa yezolimo ngumphakathi wakhe "we-Bonus Eventus" onikeza izifundiswa nabanye ababambisene nabo embonini ngamaphoyinti okukhuluma namathuba wokuphromotha. Ngaphakathi imibhalo (ikhasi 9) ichaza i-Bonus Eventus ngokuthi "ingosi yokuxhumana nabantu yangasese esebenza njengendawo yokubambisana kwezokuxhumana kososayensi abathanda ezolimo, abenza izinqubomgomo nabanye ababambe iqhaza." Amalungu athola incwadi yezindaba kaByrne, kanye nokufinyelela kulabhulali yakhe eyinkomba yezihloko zebhizinisi lezolimo, "imininingwane yababambiqhaza" yabantu abanethonya empikiswaneni ye-GMO, nokuqeqeshwa nokwesekwa kokuzibandakanya kwabezindaba zenhlalo.

Izibonelo zale ncwadi zingatholakala kulokhu inqolobane yama-imeyili asuka eByrne aya kuPeter Phillips, onguprofesa wase-University of Saskatchewan oke waba egxekwa ngozakwabo ngenxa yakhe vala ubudlelwano neMonsanto. Encwadini yezindaba kaNovemba 7, 2016, uByrne unxuse uPhillips nabanye abamukeli ukuthi babelane ngokuqukethwe mayelana "namaphutha nokushiyeka" ku Indaba yeNew York Times lokho kwabika ngokwehluleka kwezitshalo ze-GMO ukukhuphula isivuno kanye nokunciphisa izibulala-zinambuzane, futhi "imibuzo ekhulayo" ebhekene neqembu lomhlaba wonke lososayensi bomdlavuza ababika ukuthi i-glyphosate yi-carcinogen mhlawumbe yabantu ehambisana nohlelo lukaMonsanto lwe-PR ihlaze iphaneli lokucwaninga ngomdlavuza. (Bheka ne- iphepha lamaqiniso likaPeter Phillip imfihlo yochungechunge "ilungelo lokwazi").

U-Byrne unxuse umphakathi we-Bonus Eventus ukuthi wabelane ngokuqukethwe ngalezi zingqikithi kubalobi abaxhumene nomkhakha, njenge UJulie Kelly, UDkt. Henry Miller, UKavin Senapathy, I-Sci Babe futhi Hank campbell we Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu leMonsanto lalikhona ukukhokha ukusiza ukwehlisa isithunzi ososayensi bomdlavuza. Ku-2017, iForbes isuse inqwaba yama-athikili kaDkt.Miller - kufaka phakathi amaningana awabhala nawo Kelly, Senapathy neByrne - ngemuva kwe- I-New York Times ibike ukuthi uDkt. Miller wayeshicilele udaba eForbes ngaphansi kwegama lakhe okwakubhalwe ngalo isipoki nguMonsanto.

Umlindisango ngokuhlaselwa kweGreenpeace

Lapho iqembu labathola izindondo zikaNobel linxusa iGreenpeace ukuba iyeke ukuphikisa irayisi elenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, kwabukeka njengomzamo ozimele. Kepha ngemuva kwekhethenisi lezimpawu ezihlaba umxhwele bekungukusizwa kwabadlali ababalulekile emkhankasweni wezokuxhumana we-PR wemboni yezolimo: UJay Byrne kanye nelungu lebhodi le-Genetic Literacy Project. Byrne bekuposwe emnyango emcimbini we-2016 National Press Club okhuthaza iqembu elibizwa Sekela i-Precision Agriculture. Uhlobo lwe-.com lwaleyo webhusayithi luqondiswe kabusha iminyaka ku-Genetic Literacy Project, iqembu langaphambili elisebenzayo neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR ngaphandle kokudalula lezo zibopho. 

Ngakho-ke ngubani okhokhele umcimbi wezindaba we-anti-Greenpeace? USir Richard Roberts, isazi samakhemikhali ezinto eziphilayo owathi wahlela incwadi yabathole umklomelo kaNobel, uchaze le ndaba kwi-FAQ kuwebhusayithi: "umkhankaso ubusungabizi kakhulu kuze kube manje," ubhale, kubandakanya iningi lomholo wakhe okhokhelwe umqashi wakhe iNew England Biolabs kanye "nezindleko eziphuma ephaketheni" ezikhokhwe nguMatt Winkler. UWinkler, umsunguli nosihlalo wenkampani ye-biotech i-Asuragen, naye ungumxhasi futhi ilungu lebhodi yeGenetic Literacy Project, ngokusho kwewebhusayithi yeqembu. URoberts uchaze ukuthi uWinkler “ubhalise umngani, uVal Giddings,” (the iqembu langaphambili lokuhweba nge-biotech VP) “ophakamise uJay Byrne” (owayengumphathi wezokuxhumana kuMonsanto) owanikeza ukwesekwa kwe-pro bono logistical for the event.

U-Byrne no-Giddings baphinde basiza ukuhlela uhlelo lwe-Academics Review oluxhaswe yimboni, iqembu langaphambili abalisungula ukuthi livele lizimele ngenkathi lisebenza njengemoto yokuheha imali yezinkampani ukuze kutholakale abagxeki abahlaselayo bemikhiqizo ye-ag-biotech, ngokusho kwe ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know. Kuma-imeyili, uByrne waqamba igama elithi Greenpeace ku- Uhlu “lwamatshegethi” abelubhalela iMonsanto. Enye kaByrne amakhasimende yi-International Rice Research Institute, okuyiqembu eliyimboni eliyinhloko elizama ukuthengisa i-GMO Golden Rice, obekugxilwe kuyona yi-Greenpeace critique. Ucwaningo olwenziwe nguGlenn Davis Stone waseWashington University eSt. Louis luthole lokho isivuno esiphansi nobunzima bezobuchwepheshe babambe iGolden Rice, hhayi ukuphikiswa ngamaqembu ezemvelo.

Embuzweni wakhe we-FAQ, uDkt. Roberts waluchitha ucwaningo oluzimele lukaDkt. UJulie Kelly, Henry Miller futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa. Umcimbi wabezindaba wenzeke ngesikhathi esibucayi sezepolitiki, futhi waba usizo indaba eWashington Post, isonto ngaphambi kokuba iCongress ivote ukuvimbela amazwe ukuthi afake ilebuli yama-GMO.

Kusukela ngoJanuwari 2019, inguqulo ye- .com ye-Support Precision Agriculture iphinde yaqondiswa ku-Genetic Literacy Project. Ku-FAQ yakhe, uRoberts uthe akanabo ubudlelwano ne-GLP futhi wathi "umuntu ongaziwa" uthenge indawo efanayo "ngomzamo obonakalayo" wokuyixhumanisa ne-GLP. Uthe lesi yisibonelo sokuthi "amaqhinga angcolile eqembu eliphikisayo awanamkhawulo."
(Ukuqondisa kabusha kwenziwa kwasebenza esikhathini esithile ngemuva kokuthi lokhu okuthunyelwe kuqale ukusebenza.)

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

Ukwenza iwebhu isebenze ngabantu namawebhusayithi mbumbulu

Ukubikwa kwe UGuardian ngo-2002, UGeorge Monbiot uchaze iqhinga lokucasha ukuthi izinkampani zezolimo kanye nezinhlangano zabo ze-PR bezikade zisebenzisa amashumi eminyaka ukukhuthaza nokuvikela imikhiqizo yabo: ukudala ubuntu obungebona obusobala namawebhusayithi mbumbulu ukuze kuthuliswe abagxeki futhi kube nomthelela emiphumeleni yokusesha eku-inthanethi.

UMonbiot ubike ukuthi “izakhamizi mbumbulu” (abantu abebengekho empeleni) “bebehlasela amabhokisi asohlwini lwe-inthanethi ngemiyalezo esola ososayensi kanye nabezemvelo abebegxeka izitshalo ze-GM” - kanti izakhamizi mbumbulu zalandelwa zabuyiselwa enkampanini i-PR kaMons Bivings.

UMonbiot uchaze ukuxhumana kukaJay Byrne neBivings:

"Cabanga nge-intanethi njengesikhali esisetafuleni… kukhona ozobulawa."

“Ekupheleni konyaka odlule, uJay Byrne, owayengumphathi [weMonsanto] wezokuxhumana nge-internet, wachazela amanye amafemu amaqhinga ayewasebenzisile eMonsanto. Ukhombise ukuthi, ngaphambi kokuthi aqale ukusebenza, izingosi eziphezulu ze-GM ezibalwe yinjini yokusesha kwi-inthanethi zonke zazigxeka ubuchwepheshe. Ngemuva kokungenelela kwakhe, izingosi ezisezingeni eliphezulu zonke bezingabasekeli (ezine zazo ezisungulwe yinkampani yakwaMonsanto's PR Bivings). Ubatshele ukuthi 'bacabange nge-intanethi njengesikhali esisetafuleni. Kuphakathi kokuthi uyayicosha noma umuntu oyincintisana naye uyayithatha, kodwa kukhona umuntu ozobulawa. ' Ngenkathi esasebenzela iMonsanto, uByrne utshele iphephandaba le-inthanethi wow ukuthi 'uchitha isikhathi sakhe nomzamo wakhe ebambe iqhaza' ezingxoxweni zewebhu mayelana ne-biotech. Ukhethe indawo i-AgBioWorld, lapho 'eqinisekisa ukuthi inkampani yakhe idlala khona'. I-AgBioWorld yindawo lapho [isakhamuzi mbumbulu] uSmetacek eqale khona umkhankaso wakhe. ”

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

Okuningi okuvela kuJay Byrne

A Isethulo se-Power Point sika-2013 ibonisa indima edlalwa nguByrne kumakhasimende akhe embonini yezolimo. Lapha uchaza imibono yakhe ngabasekeli bezemvelo, ubeka ithonya labo online futhi unxusa izinkampani ukuthi zihlanganise izinsiza zazo ukubhekana nazo, ukuze kugwenywe "izingqinamba zokulawula nezimakethe."

The 2006 ibhuku “Bayekeni Badle Ukuqapha,” enyatheliswa yi- I-American Enterprise Institute futhi yahlelwa yimboni yezolimo Umsebenzi we-PR uJon Entine, iqukethe isahluko sikaByrne esihloko sithi, "Ukwakha kabusha i-Agricultural Biotechnology Protest Industry."

U-Byrne uyilungu le- "AgBioChatter," a uhlu lwe-imeyili oluyimfihlo ukuthi abasebenzi abaphezulu embonini yezolimo, abeluleki kanye nezifundiswa basebenzise ukuxhumanisa imisebenzi yokuthumela imiyalezo nokunxenxa. Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know khombisa uByrne ekhuthaza amalungu e-AgBioChatter ukuthi azame ukudicilela phansi isithunzi sabantu namaqembu ayegxeka ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides. Uhlelo lwe-Monsanto PR lwango-2015 olubizwa nge-AgBioChatter njengenye ye "Abalingani bezimboni" uMonsanto uhlele ukuzibandakanya ukusiza ukuhlazisa ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza mayelana ne-glyphosate.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

I-SciBabe ithi yidla izibulala-zinambuzane zakho. Kepha ubani omkhokhelayo?

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Isayensi embi yeSciBabe izama ukwenza imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane ibukeke kahle.

Ukubhuloga ngaphansi kwegama SciBabe, UYvette d'Entremont uvikela amakhemikhali anobuthi emikhiqizweni yokudla futhi akhuthaze izibulala-zinambuzane njengeziphephile. Uthole uxhaso ne-honouraria ezinkampanini ezahlukahlukene kanye namaqembu ezimboni.

Ngo-2017, inkampani eyenziwe ngoshukela yokufakelwa iSPLENDA waqasha uSciBabe ukwenza "i-debunk junk science" ukuvikela umkhiqizo wabo. USciBabe ubeyisikhulumi esifakiwe kumakhemikhali ahlukahlukene nasekudleni imicimbi exhaswe imboni njengengqungquthela yango-2017 ye-Atlantic Farm Women exhaswe ngu ICropLife neMonsanto, Umbukiso Wabahlinzeki ngo-2015 lapho inkulumo yakhe yesidlo sasemini ibikhona exhaswe yiDuPont, kanye nomhlangano waminyaka yonke we-CropLife America ka-2016 lapho inkulumo yakhe eyisihluthulelo yayikhona exhaswe nguMonsanto. Ngokusho kwe- Ukudalulwa okubikiwe kwe-webinar yango-2017, d'Entremont usebenza njengomxhumanisi ku-SPLENDA futhi uthole i-honaria evela, phakathi kwabanye, Abakhiqizi Bokunambitheka, Abalimi Bama-Florida Dairy, i-CropLife, i-American Soybean Association kanye ne-CA Beet Growers.

Ezingxoxweni, uSciBabe uvame ukubalula umsebenzi wakhe wangaphambili ebhodini lezibulala-zinambuzane njengesisekelo solwazi lwakhe ngokuphepha kwezibulala-zinambuzane.

Usebenze enkampanini yokubulala izibulala-zinambuzane eyimpikiswano eyayinesivumelwano neMonsanto ukukhuthaza ama-GMO

Ngaphambi kokuba abe yi-blogger yesikhathi esigcwele, uYvette d'Entremont wasebenza njenge-an isazi samakhemikhali sokuhlaziya at I-Amvac Chemical Corporation, “okwenza ibhizinisi elichumayo lithengise ezinye zezibulala-zinambuzane eziyingozi kakhulu emhlabeni,” ngokusho kwendaba yango-2007 kuyi- I-Los Angeles Times:

“I-Amvac ikhuthaze ukukhula kwemali engenayo enamadijithi amabili ngomkhuba webhizinisi ongajwayelekile: Ithenge ezinkampanini ezinkulu amalungelo emithi yokubulala izinambuzane endala, iningi layo lisengozini yokuvinjelwa noma ukuvinjelwa ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngokuphepha. Le nkampani ilwele ukugcina lawo makhemikhali emakethe isikhathi eside ngangokunokwenzeka, eqasha ososayensi nabameli ukuba balwe nezinhlangano ezilawulayo. Ukugxila kwe-Amvac emithini yokubulala izinambuzane endala kubize impilo yabantu kanye nemvelo, ngokusho kweFederal Environmental Agency Agency (EPA) kanye namarekhodi wombuso, uphenyo lwezomthetho kanye nochungechunge lwamacala. Izingozi ezibandakanya izibulala-zinambuzane zale nkampani ziholele ekutheni kuthuthwe omakhelwane futhi kufakwe nobuthi eziningini zabasebenza emasimini eCalifornia nakwezinye izindawo. ”

I-Amvac Chemical Corporation ine- Okukhethekile isivumelwano neDow Chemical Corporation ukuthengisa iLorsban eyenziwe nge-chlorpyrifos, a isibulala-zinambuzane esiyimpikiswano ukuthi amashumi eminyaka ka isayensi iphakamisa ngokuqinile kulimaza ubuchopho bezingane. I-EPA ithe ama-chlorpyrifos kufanele ivinjelwe, kepha isasetshenziswa kabanzi kuma-apula, amawolintshi, ama-strawberry kanye ne-broccoli, futhi i-Amvac iyimaketha njenge “ukukhetha okulungile!”I-Amvac nayo ine- Isivumelwano neMonsanto ukukhuthaza izitshalo zeRoundup Ready GMO.

I-2016 Monsanto ixhase inkulumo yeSciBabe.

Izitatimende ezingamanga mayelana nezibulala-zinambuzane nama-GMO, nethonya le-Amvac

I-SciBabe yenza izimangalo ezingamanga mayelana nezingozi zezempilo kanye nezinqubo zokuphepha zezibulala-zinambuzane, ama-GMO namakhemikhali ekudleni:

  • “Sifakazele ngokukhulu ukucophelela ukuthi, uma bengena ekudleni, [izibulala-zinambuzane] ziphephile kubantu… ngoba sisendaweni elawulwa kakhulu, amathuba okuthi uthole okuthile ekudleni kwakho okungaphephile kuleli qophelo liphansi kakhulu, liphansi kakhulu. Ngisho, ngiphansi ngokweqile. ” (podcast noprofesa waseYunivesithi yaseFlorida UKevin Folta)
  • Okokunandisa okwenziwe kuphephile ngaphandle kobufakazi bokulimala. (SciBabe ibhulogi; Nawa amaqiniso mayelana izingozi zempilo ze-aspartame)
  • Kuma-GMO, “Kunamazinga wokuhlola abucayi akhona avela ku-EPA, FDA, ne-USDA. Ama-GMO ahlolwe kuze kube sekugcineni kwe-DNA. ” (esihlokweni ngoba Iphrojekthi Ye-Genetic Literacy Project)

USciBabe ubonga umsebenzi wakhe wangaphambili ebhodini le-Amvac ngokumkhuthaza ukuthi abambe iqhaza njengomxhumanisi wesayensi:

  • “Ngesikhathi ngisebenza lapho, kulapho-ke lapho ngaqala khona ukungena engxabanweni yalolu hlobo lwempi esinayo kwi-Internet nabantu abathi alukho ucwaningo olwenziwe ngalezi zinambuzane ngaphambi kokuba kuqale imakethe. Futhi ngifana noyebo, ngivele ngikhothe okubi bese ngithi mhlawumbe ngeke zibulale izingane zakho ngaphambi kokukuvumela ukuthi kuthengiswe - okuyinto engikuthembisa yona, akusebenzi kanjalo. ” (i-podcast)
  • "Ngiqale i-blog ngenkathi ngisebenza lapho, futhi ngokwengxenye ngoba bengilokhu ngibona imininingwane emibi kakhulu ku-inthanethi mayelana nezibulala-zinambuzane." (Isayensi Edumile Q&A)
  • “Njalo lapho ngibona impikiswano ku-inthanethi yokuthi (ama-GMO) awahlolelwa ukuphepha, ngangibona ebhodini lami lezibulala-zinambuzane engangisebenza kulo, sasikhona. Ngifana nokuthi, 'Lezi zingavivinyelwa kanjani ukuphepha uma umsebenzi wami ngqo uvivinya ukuphepha?' Futhi kwesinye isikhathi bengichitha amasonto amabili ngilinganisela insimbi eyodwa, futhi ngiyisigaxa esisodwa emshinini. Futhi ngiyazi ukuthi ezinye izinhlangothi zicophelelayo njengami. ” (Isayensi Edumile)

Abangane beqembu langaphambili

Umsebenzi weSciBabe ngu njalo kukhuthazwe ngu izimboni zamakhemikhali amaqembu angaphambili, njenge Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (eye uthole imali kusuka ku-Amvac Chemical Corporation) kanye ne- Iphrojekthi Yezofuzo.

I- "Kevin Folta Fan Club" ungubani wobungani beMonsanto kanye nabavikeli bezibulala-zinambuzane.

I-SciBabe iyingxenye yalokho akubiza nge- "Kevin Folta Fan Club" evikela uprofesa wase-University of Florida owenze kaninginingi izitatimende ezingamanga nezidukisayo. Isithombe seklabhu yabalandeli sibonisa i-d'Entremont noJulie Gunlock we Inkundla Yabesifazane Ezimele, iqembu elixhaswa ngezimali nguKoch lelo abalingani neMonsanto ukwehlisa ukwesaba mayelana nezibulala-zinambuzane; i-propagandist ye-pesticide UJulie Kelly; kanye nesayensi yezenhlalo kaMonsanto kuhola uCami Ryan.

Okuningi ku-Yvette d'Entremont:

  • “USciBabe Akayena Usosayensi Noma Uyingane: UnguBullshit,” Medium
  • “Impendulo kuGawker 'I-Food Babe Blogger igcwele…,” UkudlaBabe
  • "ISciBabe, ekhokhwa ngabakwaSplenda, ithinta umkhiqizo wayo," nguJerry Coyne, PhD, uprofesa e-Univ. waseChicago.

Odokotela, ososayensi batusa ukunciphisa ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala izinambuzane 

Izinsizakusebenza zokufunda kabanzi ngobungozi bezibulala-zinambuzane nemithetho ebuthakathaka eyehluleka ukuvikela impilo:

I-American Academy Yezingane uncoma ukunciphisa ukutholakala kwezingane emithini yokubulala izinambuzane. Nayi i-AAP ka-2012 iphepha lesikhundla sesayensi.

“Ubufakazi be-Epidemiologic bubonisa ukuhlangana phakathi kokuchayeka zisencane kwezibulala-zinambuzane nomdlavuza wezingane, kwehle ukusebenza kwengqondo, nezinkinga zokuziphatha. Izifundo ezihlobene nobuthi bezilwane zihlinzeka ngokusekelwa kwezinto eziphilayo ngokusekelwa kwalokhu okutholakele. Ukubona nokunciphisa ukuvezwa kwezinkinga kuzodinga ukunakekelwa kokuntuleka kwamanje ekuqeqesheni ubudokotela, ukulandela umkhondo wezempilo yomphakathi, kanye nezinyathelo zokulawula izibulala-zinambuzane. ”

Umbiko KaMongameli Wephaneli Yomdlavuza incoma ukwehlisa ukuvezwa kwezingane ekuchayekeni kwemvelo okubangela umdlavuza kanye nokukhuthaza umdlavuza.

“Abantu baseMelika — ngisho nangaphambi kokuba bazalwe — bahlaselwa njalo ngenhlanganisela eyinqwaba yalezi zingozi eziyingozi. IPhaneli ikunxusa kakhulu ukuthi usebenzise amandla ehhovisi lakho ukususa izidalwa zomzimba nezinye izinto ezinobuthi ekudleni kwethu, emanzini nasemoyeni ezikhuphula ngokungadingekile izindleko zokunakekelwa kwempilo, zikhubaze umkhiqizo weSizwe sethu, futhi zichithe izimpilo zabantu baseMelika. ”

Isahluko sikaPresident's Cancer Panel ngemithi yokubulala izinambuzane siqala ekhasini 43:

“Cishe i-1,400 yezibulala-zinambuzane ibhalisiwe (okungukuthi, ivunyelwe) yi-EPA ukuze isetshenziselwe ezolimo nokungasetshenziswa kwezolimo. Ukuchayeka kulawa makhemikhali kuxhunyaniswe nesistimu yezinzwa yobuchopho / emaphakathi, isifuba, ikholoni, amaphaphu, ama-ovari (abashadikazi besifazane), i-pancreatic, izinso, amasende, nomdlavuza wesisu, kanye neHodgkin ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, i-myeloma eminingi, kanye i-sarcoma yezicubu ezithambile. Abalimi abachayeke ngezibulala-zinambuzane, abafaka izibulala-zinambuzane, abashayeli bezindiza zezitshalo, nabakhiqizi nabo batholakale benamazinga aphakeme omdlavuza wendlala yabesilisa, i-melanoma, eminye imidlavuza yesikhumba nomdlavuza wezindebe. ”

Ukuhlolwa Kokukhethwa Kokukhethwa Kokukhetha KwePhalamende laseYurophu le-2016 Kunconywe ukwehliswa kokudla kwezibulala-zinambuzane, ikakhulukazi kwabesifazane nezingane.

Ukuhlolwa kobungozi bezibulala-zinambuzane “akubunaki ubufakazi obuvela ocwaningweni lwezifo ezibonisa imiphumela engemihle yokuchayeka ezingeni eliphansi emithini yokubulala izinambuzane ye-organophosphate ekukhuleni kwengqondo yezingane, yize kunezindleko ezinkulu zokulahlekelwa yi-IQ emphakathini. Yize ukungeniswa kwezithelo nemifino kungafanele kwehliswe, izifundo ezikhona zisekela umgomo wokunciphisa ukutholakala kokudla kuzinsalela ze-pesticides, ikakhulukazi kwabesifazane abakhulelwe nezingane. ”

Ijenali yokuphawula kwe-American Medical Association nguPhillip Landrigan, MD, uncoma ukuthi kudliwe ukudla okuphilayo.

  • "Isimo sethu samanje se-laissez-faire maqondana nokulawulwa kwemithi yokubulala izinambuzane siyasihluleka"
  • "Ubufakazi obuningi buveza ukuthi inzalo yomuntu iyancipha nokuthi imvamisa yokukhubazeka kokuzala iyanda." Lezi zinkambiso “cishe” zixhunyaniswe nokuchayeka kwemvelo kumakhemikhali
  • Bhekafuthi Isifundo seHarvard pesticide / infertility kuJAMAAbaphenyi baseHarvard balandela abesifazane abangama-325 emtholampilo wokuzala iminyaka emibili futhi babika ukuthi abesifazane abadla njalo izithelo nemifino elashwa ngezibulala-zinambuzane banamazinga empumelelo aphansi okukhulelwa i-IVF

Isitatimende sokuvumelana esivela ososayensi abahola phambili: Ukukhathazeka ngezingozi zemithi yokubulala ukhula esekwe ku-glyphosate nezingozi ezihambisana nokuchayeka, i-Environmental Health Journal

Izindaba zakamuva ngemithi yokubulala izinambuzane

I-chlorpyrifos yokubulala izinambuzane kaDow ikhonjiswe ukuthi ilimaza ubuchopho bezingane kanti ososayensi uqobo lwe-EPA bathe ngo-2016 abasakwazi ukufakazela ukuphepha kwesibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni noma emanzini, kodwa isasetshenziswa kakhulu kwezolimo ngenxa yengcindezi yezepolitiki evela embonini yezolimo.

Icala Elinamandla Ngokuphikisana Nesibulala-zinambuzane Alisho I-EPA Ngaphansi Kwetrump, NguRoni Caryn Rabin New York Times

Yilokhu okwenziwa ngumuthi wokubulala izinambuzane ebuchosheni bengane, NguNicholas Kristof New York Times

Ukudlondlobala Kwama-Anti-Women, AmaQembu EzeMpilo Aphikisana Nomphakathi

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Isithombe © Tony Powell. IGala Lesigungu Sabesifazane Esizimele sango-2017. Isiteshi seNyunyana. Novemba 15, 2017

Le ndatshana yavela okokuqala Huffington Post.  

NguStacy Malkan

Esikhathini esidlule soiree e-Union Station, i-DC power elite ihlangane embuthanweni wezempilo omelene nomphakathi ovunule njengombungazo wabesifazane okufanele uthinte noma ngubani okhathalele impilo namalungelo abesifazane nezingane.

Isithangami Esizimele Sabesifazane sidwebe i- uhlu oluhlaba umxhwele osopolitiki beRiphabhulikhi eya kugal yalo yonyaka uxhaswe ngu, phakathi kokunye, i-American Chemistry Council, inkampani kagwayi uPhillip Morris, iqembu lokuhweba embonini yezimonyo, iGoogle kanye nephiko langakwesokudla leAmerican Legislative Exchange Council.

Izikhulumi zifaka uSomlomo weNdlu uPaul Ryan kanye nomeluleki weTrump uKellyanne Conway, onqobe i-IWF Umklomelo We-Valor ngokuba “ngummeli oshisekayo kahulumeni onomkhawulo” ongayamukeli “umqondo wokuthi ukuba ngowesifazane kungukukhubazeka.” IConway futhi iyilungu lebhodi le-IWF.

Manje siyini Isithangami Esizimele Sabesifazane?

IWF yaqala eminyakeni engama-25 edlule njenge- umzamo wokuvikela manje-iNkantolo Ephakeme iJaji uClarence Thomas njengoba ayebhekene namacala okuhlukumeza ngokocansi. Leli qembu selivele kukhuliswe izigidi kusukela ezisekelweni eziyimfihlo zabazalwane bakaKoch nakwabanye ozigidigidi abangamaphiko okudla ukuze bafeze umsebenzi wabo "wokwandisa isibalo sabesifazane abazisa izimakethe zamahhala nenkululeko yomuntu siqu."

Emhlabeni we-IWF - iqembu uJoan Walsh elichazwe ku- The Nation “njengabafazi 'abenza umsebenzi ongcolile kaKoch” - lokho kusho ukuvikela inkululeko yezinkampani yokuthengisa imikhiqizo enobuthi kanye nokungcolisa imvelo, ngenkathi izama ukuhlela leyo ajenda njengefanele abesifazane nezingane.

Ugwayi we-E kufanele uvunyelwe ngenxa ye- izidingo zebhayoloji ezihlukile kwabesifazane, isibonelo, kanye nemfundo yesayensi yezulu yi wethusa kakhulu eyabafundi. (Incwadi e-cig ithi “uPhillip Morris PR ojwayelekile,” uthi Isazi semboni kagwayi uStan Glanz; kanye neGreenpeace ihlukanisa IWF "njengeqembu eliphambili lokuphika isimo sezulu seKoch Industries.")

Abesifazane bangazuza futhi ngokunganaki ukukhathazeka kwe- "alarmist" ngamakhemikhali anobuthi, ngokusho kochungechunge lwezifundo lwe-IWF exhaswe nguMonsanto.

Ukukunika umuzwa wokuthumela imiyalezo kumakhemikhali: Omama abaphikelela ekudleni okungokwemvelo bayazikhukhumeza, bathanda "abazali bezindiza ezinophephela emhlane" abadinga ukulawula konke uma kuziwa ezinganeni zabo, noma indlela ukudla okulinywa nokuphathwa ngayo, ”Ngokusho kukaJulie Gunlock, umqondisi wephrojekthi ye-IWF ye-“ Culture of Alarmism ”, njengoba kucashunwe ku esihlokweni enesihloko esithi "Ubushiqela be-organic mommy mafia" obabhalwa ngumuntu we-IWF.

E-gala ye-IWF, uGunlock uthathe isithombe nge-Monsanto isisebenzi sika-Aimee Hood noJulie Kelly, obhala izindatshana ezifaka ukungabaza ngobungozi besayensi yezulu kanye ne-pesticide, wake wabizwa ngisho iqhawe lesimo sezulu uBill McKibben "ucezwana".

UGunlock noKelly “bangosaziwayo bamatshe,” UHood ubhale kuTwitter.

"Ngikubiyela lokhu," kusho isisebenzi seMonsanto uCami Ryan.

Beka uhlaka kuyo yonke i-shindig bese ubona ubuphukuphuku bezombusazwe ezithwetshulwe ezinkampanini eMelika, lapho abaholi bezinqubomgomo bamukela obala iqembu labesifazane elilwa nabesifazane elilinganisa "inkululeko" nokudla izibulala-zinambuzane ezinobuthi, emcimbini oxhaswe imboni yamakhemikhali , inkampani kagwayi, iqembu eleqisayo elifuna susa iSenethi ekhethwe ngokuvota kanye nomthombo wezindaba onethonya elikhulu emhlabeni.

Okwamanje emhlabeni onengqondo

Isayensi yakamuva ikhombisa ukuthi uma ufuna ukukhulelwa futhi ukhulise izingane ezinempilo, kufanele wenqabe inkulumo-ze yokuthi amaqembu afana ne-Independent Women Forum azama ukuthengisa.

Emasontweni ambalwa edlule, i-Journals of the American Medical Association ishicilele i- Ucwaningo lweHarvard okufaka ukudla okuphethwe zinambuzane ezinkingeni zokuzala, a Ucwaningo lwe-UC San Diego kubhalwa ukwanda okukhulu kokuchayeka komuntu kumuthi wokubulala izinambuzane ojwayelekile, kanye nakudokotela ukuhlaziya ukunxusa abantu ukuthi badle ukudla okungokwemvelo.

Amaqembu amakhulu abelokhu enikeza izeluleko ezifanayo iminyaka.

Ngo-2012, i-American Academy of Pediatrics Kunconywa ukunciphisa ukutholakala kwezingane emithini yokubulala izinambuzane ngenxa ye- izincwadi ezikhulayo exhumanisa izibulala-zinambuzane nezinkinga zempilo ezingapheli ezinganeni, kufaka phakathi izinkinga zokuziphatha, ukukhubazeka kokuzalwa, isifuba somoya kanye nomdlavuza.

Ngo-2009, i-bipartisan Iphaneli Likamdlavuza likaMongameli wabika: “umthwalo weqiniso womdlavuza obangelwa imvelo uye wabukelwa phansi kakhulu.”

Iphaneli linxuse owayenguMongameli wangaleso sikhathi uGeorge W. Bush “kakhulu ukuthi asebenzise amandla ehhovisi lakho ukususa izidalwa zomzimba nezinye izinto ezinobuthi ekudleni kwethu, emanzini nasemoyeni ezikhuphula ngokungadingekile izindleko zokunakekelwa kwempilo, zikhubaze umkhiqizo weSizwe sethu, futhi zichithe izwe laseMelika uyaphila. ”

Ngeshwa esizweni sakithi, ukwenza ngokuvumelana naleso seluleko akukwazanga ohlelweni lwezepolitiki olubhekiswe kuzintshisekelo zebhizinisi.

Ukubanjwa kwezempilo kwezesayensi
Sekungamashumi eminyaka, izinkampani zokubulala izinambuzane zisebenzisa isayensi nezinhlangano ezilawula i-US ukugcina iqiniso lifihliwe ngobungozi bezempilo bamakhemikhali abo.

Imininingwane yembulwa ngamakhulu ezinkulungwane zamakhasi we imibhalo yemboniwakhululwa zomthetho Ukutholakala, abamemeza futhi Izicelo ze-FOIA ezihlolwe ku- ukulalelwa kukahulumeni futhi by abaningi abezindaba Izitolo.

Ukuze uthole amazwibela omkhankaso weMonsanto “wokusebenza isikhathi eside oyimfihlo wokuqopha irekhodi lesayensi, ukuthonya umbono womphakathi, kanye nokuthonya ukuhlolwa kokulawulwa” ku-herbicide glyphosate, bheka le ndatshana yomuntu engisebenza naye uCarey Gillam ku Umagazini i-Undark.

Njengesibonelo esisodwa sombumbano lukahulumeni / lwenkampani: ngo-2015, ewashini labaphathi baka-Obama, isikhulu se-EPA esasiphethe ukuhlola ingozi yomdlavuza we-glyphosate okuthiwa saziqhayisa kumphathi weMonsanto ngokusiza “ukubulala” isifundo somdlavuza wenye inhlangano, njengoba I-Bloomberg ibike.

Ukucindezela isayensi kube yiphrojekthi ekabili, yamashumi eminyaka. Kusukela ngo-1973, uMonsanto wethule isayensi engabazisayo ukufuna ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate ngenkathi i-EPA ibheke kakhulu, njengoba uValerie Brown no-Elizabeth Grossman babhalela Kulezi zikhathi.

UBrown noGrossman bachitha iminyaka emibili behlola ingobo yomlando etholakala esidlangalaleni yemibhalo ye-EPA kwi-glyphosate, futhi babika:

“IGlyphosate yicala elicacile 'lokuthwalwa ngokomthetho' kwenhlangano esebenza ngenhloso yayo yezezimali ngenkathi imibuzo ebucayi ngempilo yomphakathi isalokhu isezindongeni. Irekhodi lisikisela ukuthi eminyakeni engama-44 — ngokusebenzisa abaphathi bomongameli abayisishiyagalombili — abaphathi be-EPA abakaze bazame ukulungisa le nkinga. Ngempela, imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane ithinta ubuchwepheshe bayo obubheke phambili, besimanje njengoba izama ukugcina ucwaningo lwayo ekhabetheni, futhi ithembele emicabangweni engabazekayo nasezindleleni eseziphelelwe yisikhathi kwezobuthi obulawulayo. ”

Babhala ukuthi okuwukuphela kwendlela yokuthola isisekelo sesayensi sokuhlola ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate, “ukuphoqa ukukhanya kwasemini phakathi kwabalawuli nabalawulwa.”

Uhulumeni olinganiselwe usho inkululeko yokulimaza

EWashington kaTrump, akukho ukukhanya kwemini nhlobo phakathi kwezinkampani ezithengisa imikhiqizo eyingozi nezinhlangano okufanele zizilawule.

Umphathi we-EPA uScott Pruitt ukuxosha ososayensi emabhodini ezeluleko nokufaka i-EPA nge abaqokelwe ezombusazwe exhunywe ezimbonini zikawoyela, zamalahle nezamakhemikhali, eziningi zazo ezixhumene nabaphiki besayensi yesimo sezulu.

Njengomunye wakhe Izenzo zokuqala ezisemthethweni, UPruitt waphonsa eceleni izincomo zososayensi be-EPA futhi wavumela iDow Chemical ukuthi iqhubeke nokuthengisa isibulala-zinambuzane esenziwe njengegesi yezinzwa exhumene nokulimala kwengqondo ezinganeni.

"Ifa likaTrump elihlala njalo kungaba umdlavuza, ukungabi nenzalo kanye nama-IQ anciphile emashumini eminyaka ezayo."

"Izingane zitshelwa ukuthi zidle izithelo nemifino, kodwa ososayensi be-EPA bathole amazinga alesi sibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni okunjalo kuze kube izikhathi eziyi-140 imikhawulo ethathwa njengephephile," kubhala uNicholas Kristof ebabaza. I-NYT ivuliwe. "Ifa likaTrump elihlala njalo kungaba umdlavuza, ukungabi nenzalo kanye nama-IQ anciphile emashumini eminyaka ezayo."

U-Pruitt useze wafaka ne-lobbyist yezimboni zamakhemikhali ophethe i- umthetho omusha oshubile wobuthi obekufanele ulawule imboni yamakhemikhali.

Kubi kakhulu - kodwa-ke, sekuyisikhathi eside kakhulu.

Lowo mthetho omusha oshubile we-toxics, owaphasiswa ngonyaka owedlule ku- isichotho senkazimulo eyizinhlangothi ezimbili, kwaba iphikiswa ngu amaqembu amaningi ezemvelo kodwa kudunyiswa ngu - futhi kubikwa ebhalwe ngu - Umkhandlu waseMelika Chemistry.

“Imboni yamakhemikhali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 800 ifaka imali kosopolitiki futhi inxenxa indlela yokuphuma emithethweni esebenzayo. Lokhu bekulokhu kuyinkinga, kepha manje abaphathi bakaTrump sebehambe baze bakhetha abasebenza embonini yamakhemikhali ukuthi babheke ukuvikelwa kwemvelo, ”njengoba kuchazwe uKristof.

“I-American Academy of Pediatrics iphikisane nesinqumo sabaphathi mayelana nesibulala-zinambuzane segesi yezinzwa, kodwa izikhulu zasekela imboni ngodokotela. Ixhaphozi lawina. Indawo yokwamukela izimboni zamakhemikhali, i-American Chemistry Council, inguqulo yanamuhla kaGwayi Omkhulu… ”

"Ngelinye ilanga sizobheka emuva sizibuze: Besicabangani ?!"

Isimilo Sezwe Lethu

Eminyakeni eyishumi eyedlule, i-Independent Women's Forum yethule i-Valor Award kuNancy Brinker, umsunguli weSusan G. Komen for the Cure, okuyinhlangano enkulu kunazo zonke ezweni yomdlavuza webele - iqembu elibuye lagxekwa ngokuthatha imali ku izinkampani ezingcolisa kanye nokukhuthaza ukudla okungenampilo futhi imikhiqizo enobuthi.

Emhlanganweni we-IWF ka-2007, enkulumweni yokwamukela wabiza “Isimilo Sezwe Lethu, ”Kusho uBrinker waxwayisa ngokuthi kuzolahleka izimpilo zabantu ngaphandle kokuthi iMelika ithathe isinyathelo sokugwema“ i-tsunami yomdlavuza ”ezayo.

Kodwa-ke, uthe: “Bangane bami, lokhu akuyona inkinga yezepolitiki. Uma kukhulunywa ngomdlavuza, awekho amaRiphabhulikhi noma amaDemokhrasi, akukho nkululeko noma abagcinwayo. ”

Esikhundleni salokho, uthe ukucela ukungacaci njengoba ayemi phambi kweqembu elitshela abesifazane ukuthi bangakhathazeki ngemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, emcimbini onemali ethe xaxa ezinkampanini, ukushaya umdlavuza kuyindaba yokubiza intando yokwenza umdlavuza ube “yinto ephambili ezweni lonke nasemhlabeni wonke!”

Kepha leyo impela iyinkinga yezepolitiki. Imayelana namaRephabliki namaDemokhrasi, bobabili abadumaze abaseMelika ngokwehluleka ukubhekana nemboni yamakhemikhali. Imayelana nokubiza intando yezepolitiki yokuthola amakhemikhali axhumene nomdlavuza, ukungabi nenzalo nokulimala kobuchopho emakethe nangaphandle kokudla kwethu.

Okwamanje, singathatha izeluleko zesayensi: sidle okuphilayo bese sivotela osopolitiki abazimisele ukumelana nomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane.

Kungani iForbes Isuse Ezinye Izindatshana ZaseKavin Senapathy

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ngubani okhokhela uKavin Senapathy ukukhuthaza ama-GMO? 

UKavin Senapathy uvele njengombhali ngo-2015 enezindatshana ezikhuthaza ama-GMO, evikela ama-pesticides kanye nabahlaseli abagxekayo bemboni yezolimo, iningi labo elishicilelwe eForbes. Akayidaluli imithombo yakhe yezimali.

Ku-2017, iForbes isuse izindatshana eziyisikhombisa uSenapathy ahlanganiswe nazo UHenry I. Miller, owake waba ngumuntu waseHoover Institution, olandelayo izambulo kuNew York Times ukuthi uMonsanto ubhale isipoki ngendatshana eshicilelwe ngaphansi kwegama likaMiller eForbes. UForbes uphinde wasusa udaba uSenapathy alubhalile mayelana nokwenza izinto obala, okwakushoda obala. Namanje phezulu kusayithi leForbes yi- esihlokweni ubhalisane noCameron English, osebenzela i-American Council on Science and Health, a iqembu langaphambili elikhokhelwa iMonsanto.

KaSenapathy Iphrofayili exhunyiwe umbeka ohlwini njengombhali onikela ku Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, enye yezolimo umkhakha weqembu eliphambili lokho kusebenza eduze neMonsanto.

ISenapathy yasungula ngokubambisana iMarch Against Modification Myths (MAMyths), iqembu elihlela imibhikisho elwa nabagxeki be-biotechnology (kanye nenxusa leqembu le-GMO promotion Kwenziwe kabusha). Ubuye wabhala u-2015 ibhuku lokho kukhuthaza ama-GMO, izimangalo i-aspartame futhi i-MSG iphephile, futhi ihlose ukuchaza "amaqiniso abangela ukwesabeka kwezibulala-zinambuzane ezinobuthi."

Okungenani Imibhalo Eyisikhombisa Isuswe yiForbes 

Ukusebenzisana noHenry I. Miller 

USenapathy waqala ukwabelana ngomugqa noHenry Miller ngo-2015 ochungechungeni lwezindatshana zeForbes ezivikela ama-GMO. Izindatshana yilezi kukhushulwe lapha yi-Hoover Institution, ithangi lokucabanga lenqubomgomo lelo ithola uxhaso kusuka kuzisekelo zamaphiko angakwesokudla kanye nezinkampani.

IForbes isuse izindatshana zeMiller / Senapathy ngemuva kuka-Agasti 2017 Umbiko weNew York Times:

"Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi uHenry I. Miller… ucele uMonsanto ukuba amenzele incwadi azoyibonisa ikakhulukazi ebibhalwe ngegama lakhe kuwebhusayithi yeForbes ngonyaka ka-2015… IForbes iyisusile le ndaba kwi-website yayo ngoLwesithathu yathi yaqeda ubuhlobo bayo noMnu. Miller phakathi kwezambulo. ”

Isihloko ku I-Watch Retraction ucaphuna uMia Carbonell, i-VP ephezulu yezokuxhumana emhlabeni wonke eForbes:

“Bonke ababambe iqhaza kuForbes.com basayina inkontileka edinga ukuthi badalule noma yikuphi ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo okungaba khona futhi bashicilele kuphela okuqukethwe okungumbhalo wabo wokuqala. Kuthe lapho sifika ukuthi uMnu. Miller wephule le migomo, sakususa konke abengakuthumele kuForbes.com futhi saqeda ubudlelwano bethu naye. ”

The ama-imeyili phakathi kukaMiller nomphathi weMonsanto khombisa ukuthi izinkampani zisebenza kanjani nababhali abanjengoMiller ukukhuthaza amaphuzu okukhuluma embonini ngenkathi begcina ukusebenzisana kwabo kuyimfihlo. Kulokhu, umphathi we-Monsanto wacela uMiller ukuthi abhale ikholomu evikela i-glyphosate futhi wamnikeza "okusalukhuni impela" njengokuthi "kuyisiqalo esihle somlingo wakho." Okusalungiswa kwavela ezinsukwini ezimbalwa kamuva ku Forbes, ikakhulukazi engashintshiwe, ngaphansi kwegama likaMiller.

Ukungaboni Okusobala

Forbes futhi isusiwe okungenani i-athikili eyodwa enomugqa wedwa kaSenapathy. Isiqephu sika-Agasti 17, "Lesi Sivivinyo Sokuxhaswa Kwabantu Abaningi Sinikeza Isifundo Sokubonisa Ngale" (manje esivele ku Medium), wagxeka iMonsanto ngokubuyekezwa kokuphepha kwe-ghostphosate, echaza lesi sigameko njenge- "transparency blunder" kanye ne- "PR gaffe." Yize kushicilelwe emavikini ngemuva kwemibiko yezindaba yokuthi uMonsanto ubhale i-athikili kumuntu asebenzisana naye uHenry Miller, udaba lukaSenapathy mayelana nokwenza izinto obala alukwazanga ukusho lelo qiniso.

"Ukuphikisana okusemthethweni" kuphakanyisiwe mayelana "nokuzimela"

Ku-Sept. 2015 Project Syndicate esihlokweni enesihloko esithi “GMOs and Junk Science,” uSenapathy noMiller basola izimboni zokudla zemvelo nokusebenzisa kabi igunya lesayensi nokukhipha inkulumo-ze. I-Project Syndicate ingeziwe inothi yalo mhleli esiqeshini ngo-Agasti 4, 2017:



“Kuphakanyiswe izikhalazo ezisemthethweni mayelana nokuzimela nobuqotho bezincazelo uHenry Miller azibhalele iProject Syndicate nezinye izitolo, ikakhulukazi ukuthi uMonsanto, esikhundleni sikaMiller, wabhala ezinye zazo. Abafundi kufanele bazi ngalolu dlame olungaba khona lokuthakazelisa, obekuthi, ukube kwaziwa ngaleso sikhathi lapho kwamukelwa khona ukuphawula kukaMiller, ngabe kwaba yizizathu zokuzinqaba. ”

Amaqhinga angaphansi kwamaMAMyths 

USenapathy ungumsunguli we-March Against Myths of Modification, a iqembu ehlela imibhikisho ukubhekana nabagxeki bemboni yezolimo, njenge UDkt Vandana Shiva, futhi kwesinye isikhathi isebenzisa amaqhinga afihliwe. Ku-2016, ama-MAMyths ahlela umzamo ohlulekile wokunciphisa umcimbi weSikhungo Sokuphepha Kokudla eHawaii obonisa uVani Hari, iThe Food Babe.

Njengoba uHari echaze ku esihlokweni mayelana nesiqephu:

“Emahoreni angama-24 ngaphambi kokuba ngihlelelwe ukungena esteji, ngaziswe yiHawaii CFS ukuthi iqembu elalisekela i-GMO kanye neqembu lezishoshovu zokulingisa (MAMyths) laqala umkhankaso wokucekela phansi lo mcimbi. Amathikithi alo mcimbi abemahhala, kodwa bekunenani elilinganiselwe elitholakalayo njengoba indawo ibizokwazi ukuhlalisa abantu abathile kuphela…

I-MAMyths icele abalandeli bayo ukuthi bagcine amathikithi wamathikithi besebenzisa amagama angombombayi nama-imeyili mbumbulu ukuze kubonakale sengathi "kuthengisiwe" nokuthi sizobe sikhuluma endaweni engenalutho. Babekise amathikithi angaphezu kuka-1,500 XNUMX besebenzisa amagama anjenge- “Fraud Babe,” “Organic is Dumb,” “Susi Creamcheese,” ne- “Harriett Tubman” asuka kumakheli we-IP atholakala ngaphandle kweHawaii naphesheya kwezilwandle e-United Kingdom, Australia, China, Thailand, Germany , Sweden, kanye neNetherlands.

Aziphumelelanga ngoba iCFS yaseHawaii ithole ukuthi lezi zicelo mbumbulu zivela kuphi futhi yakwazi ukukhansela kalula ukubhuka kwazo. ”

Izimangalo ze-MAMyths ku- iwebhusayithi azikhokhelwa yiMonsanto noma enye imboni. Sonke singamavolontiya anothando lobulungiswa futhi lokhu sikwenza ngokuthanda kwethu. ” Ngokusho kukaSenapathy bio esizeni, "Ukholelwa ukuthi ukucabanga okunzulu kubalulekile ekukhuliseni izingane eziqoqekile, nokuthi ukwamukela i-biotechnology kubalulekile kule nhloso."

Incwadi Ichaza Ukunyakaza Kokudla "Njengengxenye Yamaphekula"

USenapathy ungumbhali-mbhali we-a ibhuku, “The Fear Babe: Shattering Vani Hari's Glass House,” eyashicilelwa ngo-Okthoba 2015 ngu ISenapath Press. Incwadi ikhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, izimangalo i-aspartame futhi i-MSG iphephile, futhi ihlose ukuchaza "amaqiniso abangela ukwesabeka kwezibulala-zinambuzane ezinobuthi."

Ababhali abambisene nabo nguMark Alsip, i-blogger ye- Isayensi Engalungile Ikhishwe, noMarc Draco, ochazwa njengelungu lomakadebona le- Kuvinjelwe Ukudla Babe Ikhasi le-Facebook. Ukuya phambili kubhalwe yiYunivesithi yaseFlorida USolwazi Kevin Folta.

Incwadi iye phambili ichaza ukunyakaza kokudla “njengeqembu lamaphekula lwanamuhla elisezingeni eliphakeme futhi elixhaswe kahle ngemali elifungile ukuthi lizosebenzisa ukwesaba ukuphoqelela ushintsho lwezepolitiki ezungeze ukudla,” kanye neqembu “lamaphekula agile futhi anyonyobayo. Njengawo wonke amaqembu amaphekula afeza izinhloso zawo ngokusebenzisa ukwesaba nokuphoqa. ”

Amakhemikhali Emboni Yezamakhemikhali

I-USRTK ihlanganise uchungechunge lwamaphepha amaqiniso ngabalobi namaqembu e-PR imboni yezolimo ithembele ekwenziweni kokungabaza ngesayensi ephakamisa ukukhathazeka ngemikhiqizo eyingozi futhi ephikisana nokuvikelwa kwempilo yezemvelo.
Kungani Ungethembi UHenry I. Miller
- UJulie Kelly Upheka Inkulumo-ze Yezimboni Zamakhemikhali
I-American Council on Science and Health yiCorporate Front Group
UJon Entine weProjekthi Yezifundo Zokufunda Nokubhala: I-Master Industry's Master Messenger
UTrevor Butterworth / Sense Mayelana neSayensi Isebenzisa Isayensi Yezimboni
- Ngabe Isayensi Yezindaba Yesikhungo Ishintsha Ukubukwa Kwebhizinisi Lwesayensi?

Landela uphenyo lwe-USRTK Lokudla Okukhulu namaqembu alo angaphambili: https://usrtk.org/our-investigations/

UHenry Miller Ulahlwe nguForbes weMonsanto Ghostwriting Scandal

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ukuvuselelwa: Ngo-Agasti ka-2018, uMiller washiya indawo yakhe engamashumi amabili njengomuntu eHoover Institution ngezizathu ezingaziwa. Manje ungumuntu ophakeme nePacific Research Institute, ithangi lokucabanga ixhaswe izisekelo zamaphiko angakwesokudla ezihlobene ne-Koch Brothers ukuthi kuthuthukisa ukungabaza kwesayensi yezulu futhi ifuna ukuqeda imithethonqubo yezemvelo.

UHenry I. Miller, MD, owayengumphathi we-FDA futhi esengumqondisi we-FDA Office of Biotechnology; unomlando omude wokuphikisana nokuvikelwa kwempilo yomphakathi nokuthatha izikhundla ngaphandle kokujwayelekile kwesayensi. UDkt. Miller uthe inicotine “ayiyimbi kangako kuwe,” kusho amazinga aphansi emisebe engaba wusizo empilweni, futhi efuna ukwethulwa kabusha kwe-DDT yokubulala izinambuzane. Mhlawumbe ungumgqugquzeli owaziwa kakhulu futhi owaziwa kakhulu ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, ebhalela iWall Street Journal, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Forbes nezinye izitolo.

Ngo-Agasti 2017, iForbes yasusa wonke amakholomu abhalwe noma abhalwa ngokubambisana nguMiller ngemuva kwezambulo zokuthi uMonsanto ubhale umoya ikholomu uMiller ayishicilela ngaphansi kwegama lakhe eForbes.

Ukubhalwa kwesipoki kweMonsanto / kwehliswe ngabakwaForbes

Ngo-Agasti 1, 2017, the INew York Times ibike:

“Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi uHenry I. Miller wacela uMonsanto ukuba amenzele udaba olwalusibonisa ikakhulu olwavela ngaphansi kwegama lakhe kuwebhusayithi yeForbes ngo-2015. IForbes yalususa lolu daba kwi-website yalo ngoLwesithathu yathi lwaphela ubuhlobo bayo noMnu. Miller phakathi kwezambulo. ”

The ama-imeyili phakathi kuka-Eric Sachs kaMiller noMonsanto khombisa ukuthi izinkampani nababhali kwesinye isikhathi basebenza kanjani ndawonye ukukhuthaza amaphuzu okukhuluma ezinkampani ngezindlela ezingadalulwanga kubahleli noma emphakathini.

Kuma-imeyili, uSachs wacela uMiller ukuthi abhale nge-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) engcupheni yomdlavuza we-glyphosate. UMiller uphendule wathi, "Ngingaba njalo uma ngingaqala ngokusukela ebhalweni eliphezulu." USachs wanikeza lokho akubiza ngokuthi "kusalukhuni", wakuchaza kuMiller "njengesiqalo esihle somlingo wakho." Okusalungiswa kwavela ezinsukwini ezimbalwa kamuva, kungashintshiwe, ku le kholomu yeForbes lokho kwavela ngaphansi kwegama likaMiller.

Ngokuvumelana ne I-Watch Retraction, AbakwaForbes basuse umsebenzi kaMiller ngoba wephula imithetho yeFobes.com ethi abanikeli bamemezele noma yikuphi ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo okungaba khona futhi bashicilele umbhalo wabo wokuqala. "Kuthe lapho sinakwa ukuthi uMnu. Miller wephule le migomo, sakususa konke abengakuthumele kuForbes.com futhi saqeda ubudlelwano bethu naye," kusho uMia Carbonell, oyi-VP ephezulu yezokuxhumana emhlabeni wonke eForbes.

I-Forbes iphinde yasusa izindatshana ezihlanganiswe nguMiller nezinye izimboni zamakhemikhali, ezibandakanya UJulie Kelly, UKavin Senapathy futhi UBruce Chassy.

IProject Syndicate ingeze inothi yalo mhleli phezulu kuma-athikili ebhalwe nguMiller (futhi kamuva wasusa amakholomu ngokuphelele):

Kuphakanyiswe ukuphikisana ngokusemthethweni mayelana nokuzimela nobuqotho bezincazelo uHenry Miller azibhalele iProject Syndicate nezinye izitolo; ikakhulukazi ukuthi iMonsanto, esikhundleni sikaMiller, yabhala ezinye zazo. Abafundi kufanele bazi ngalokhu kungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo okungaba khona, okwakuthi, uma kwaziwa ngaleso sikhathi lapho kwamukelwa khona ukuphawula kukaMiller, ngabe bekuyizizathu zokuba benqabe.

Ibizwa njengokulethwa kumbhalo weMonsanto PR

Idokhumenti yeMonsanto PR ichaza izinhlelo zenkampani “zokuvikela ukubuyiswa kanye ne-FTO yeRoundup” ngokudicilela phansi umbiko wenhlangano yomdlavuza ngengozi yomdlavuza ye-glyphosate. Ikhasi 2 lecebo lichaza okwethulwa kwangaphandle kokuqala: "Xoxa noHenry Miller." Imibhalo ebikwe yi New York Times khombisa ukuthi umphathi we-Monsanto ucele uMiller ukuthi abhale ngombiko womdlavuza futhi wamnikeza uhlaka uMiller akubhalile olungashintshi ngaphansi kwegama lakhe eForbes.

Funda okuningi ngohlelo lweMonsanto PR lokwehlisa isithunzi i-IARC lapha.

Ukuxhaswa nokufaka izinsizakalo zakhe ze-PR

IHoover Institution, lapho uMiller ahlala khona njengomuntu, ithole uxhaso lwezimali ku izinkampani namaqembu ezimboni, kufaka phakathi i-Exxon Mobil kanye neAmerican Chemistry Council, kanye nezisekelo ezinamaphiko okudla - iSarah Scaife Foundation, iSearle Freedom Trust, iLynde neHarry Bradley Foundation, iCharles Koch Foundation, iDonors Trust - nezinye abaxhasi abahola phambili bokuphika isayensi yezulu nokuthi phusha ukwehliswa komthetho kuwo wonke umnotho.

Miller wabeka izinkonzo zakhe ze-PR ngo-1998 “Uhlelo Lokusebenza Lokukhuthaza Isayensi Yemisindo Kwezempilo, Kwinqubomgomo Yezemvelo kanye ne-Biotechnology.” Lo mbhalo, othunyelwe ku-UCSF Tobacco Industry Documents Library, uchaza imali ekhokhwayo kaMiller yokubhala izindatshana, u- $ 5,000- $ 15,000, futhi waphakamisa nohlelo olwandisiwe lwe- “science and risk communication” lokubandakanya ukuhlela izinkulumo, ukuthuthukisa ubukhona bewebhu nokushicilela incwadi. (Umthombo: «Amaphepha eMonsanto »: la bataille de l'information, nguStéphane Foucart noStéphane Horel eLe Monde, ngoJuni 2, 2017.)

Umngani nomphathi weqembu eliphambili lenkampani i-ACSH

UMiller “umngane futhi longtimumphathiswa”WoMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo, futhi uchazwe futhi njengo“Umqondisi”Walelo qembu. I-ACSH iyi- iqembu langaphambili lebhizinisi lokho kufaka izinsizakalo zayo ezinkampanini ngokuvikela umkhiqizo, ngokusho kowezi-2012 uhlelo lwezimali oluputshukile.

Ukuvikela imboni kagwayi

Ku-1994 Imemo yecebo le-APCO Associates PR ukusiza uPhillip Morris ukuhlela umkhankaso womhlaba wonke wokulwa nemithetho kagwayi, uHenry Miller kwathiwa "ungumsekeli ophambili" wale mizamo yomkhakha kagwayi.

Ngo-2012, uMiller wabhala ukuthi “i-nicotine… akukubi kangako kuwe ngamanani ahanjiswa ngogwayi noma imikhiqizo engenantuthu. ”

Ukwenqaba ukuguquka kwesimo sezulu

UMiller uyi ilungu "lebhodi lokweluleka ngesayensi" weGeorge C. Marshall Institute, edume ngoyela negesi imboni yenqatshelwa ngemali lokushintsha kwesimo sezulu.

Ukufuna ukuvezwa kwemisebe yenuzi kungaba "kuhle kuwe"

Ngo-2011, ngemuva kokuthi i-tsunami yaseJapane kanye nokuvuza kwemisebe kufekthri yamandla enuzi eFukushima, uMiller waphikisana eForbes ngokuthi “labo… abachayeke emazingeni aphansi emisebe kungenzeka wazuza kukho. ” Ubuze ku-Project Syndicate, “Can radiation? kube kuhle kuwe?"

Ukuvikela imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane 

UMiller uvikele ukusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane ze-neonicotinoid futhi wagxeka kuWall Street Journal ukuthi “iqiniso ukuthi abantu bezinyosi azinciphi. "

UMiller unayo ngokuphindaphindiwe waphikisana ukwethulwa kabusha kwe-DDT, isibulala-zinambuzane esinobuthi esivinjelwe e-United States kusukela ngo-1972, esixhunyaniswe nokukhulelwa ngaphambi kwesikhathi sokubeletha kanye nokukhubazeka kokuzala kwabesifazane.

Ukuhlasela imboni ephilayo

IMiller's ibhale ukuhlaselwa okuningi embonini yezinto eziphilayo, kufaka phakathi i- "The Colossal Hoax of Organic Agriculture" (Forbes), "Ukulima Ngokwemvelo Akusimeme" (Wall Street Journal) kanye ne "Iqiniso elingcolile Mayelana Nemikhiqizo Engokwemvelo" (Newsweek). INewsweek yenqabile ukudalula ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo zikaMiller; indatshana ye-2018 Newsweek kaMiller ehlasela imboni yemvelo kwaba ezungezwe izikhangiso zeBayer.

Izinkulumo zikaMiller mayelana nomkhakha wezinto eziphilayo, njengezimangalo eziningi zesayensi, zikude kakhulu nesayensi nokuqonda okuvamile. NgoMeyi 2017, Kusho uMiller, "Ukulima ngokwemvelo kuyimvelo lokho ukubhema ugwayi kuyimpilo yabantu."

Ukuvikela imboni yamaplastiki

Miller ivikelekile i-endocrine ephazamisa i-bisphenol A (BPA), evinjelwe eYurophu naseCanada ukuthi isetshenziswe emabhodleleni ezingane.

Imibhalo kaMiller ekhiqiza kakhulu imboni ifaka phakathi

UJayson Lusk noHenry I. Miller, "Sidinga i-GMO Wheat. " New York Times, NgoFebhuwari 2, 2014. UHenry I. Miller noGregory Conko, “I-General Mills Inombono Wama-Soggy wama-Cheerios. " Wall Street Journal, Januwari 20, 2014. UHenry I. Miller, “Ubuzenzisi Bokudla Kwe-GM eNdiya. " Wall Street Journal, Novemba 28, 2012. UHenry I. Miller, “Ukulima Ngokwemvelo Akusimeme. " Wall Street Journal, Meyi 15, 2014. UHenry I. Miller, “Izitshalo Ezengeziwe Zokwehla. " Iphrojekthi Syndicate, Agasti 7, 2014. UHenry Miller, “I-Anti-GMO Hysteria yaseCalifornia. " Buyekeza National, Mashi 31, 2014. UHenry I. Miller, “Ubunjiniyela Bofuzo kanye nokulwa ne-Ebola. " Wall Street Journal, Agasti 25, 2014. UHenry I. Miller, “Umthethosivivinywa Welebula LeSalmon Kufanele Uphonswe Emuva. " I-Orange County Register, Ephreli 4, 2011. UHenry I. Miller, “Amalebula we-GE asho izindleko eziphakeme. " San Francisco Chronicle, Septhemba 7, 2012. UGregory Conko noHenry Miller, “Ukufakwa kophawu kokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kuyisiphakamiso esilahlekayo. " Forbes, Septhemba 12, 2012. UGregory Conko noHenry I. Miller, “Isiphakamiso Esilahlekile Selebuli Yokudla. " I-Orange County Register, Okthoba 11, 2012. UHenry I. Miller noBruce Chassy, ​​“Ososayensi Banuka Igundane Esifundweni Sokukhohlisa Sobunjiniyela Bofuzo. " Forbes, Septhemba 25, 2012. UJay Byrne noHenry I. Miller, “Imisuka Yenhlangano Yobunjiniyela Bokulwa Nofuzo? Landela Imali!" Forbes, Okthoba 22, 2012.

Izindatshana zikaMiller ezisuswe kuForbes zifaka phakathi: UHenry I. Miller noJulie Kelly, “How Organic Agriculture Evolve from from Marketing Tool to Evil Empire,” Forbes, Ngomhlaka 2, 2015; UHenry I. Miller noJulie Kelly, "Ukuxhaswa Kwesifundazwe Kwezolimo Zemvelo Kufanele Kulinywe Ngaphansi Kwakho," Forbes, Julayi 12, 2017; UHenry I. Miller noJulie Kelly, "Ukuthandwa Nguhulumeni Nokuxhaswa Kwezolimo Zemvelo: Landela Imali," Forbes, Septhemba 23, 2015.

Imibhalo Mayelana noMiller 

"Abanye be-GMO Cheerleaders Baphika Nokuguquka Kwesimo Sezulu" - umama Jones

"I-Pro-Science GMO kanye ne-Chemical Boosters Ixhaswe Abaphikisi Besimo Sezulu" - Isazi sezinto eziphilayo

"I-DDT neMalaria: Ukulungisa irekhodi liqonde" - Inethiwekhi ye-Pesticide Action

"Isikhangiso se-TV Against Food Labing Initiative Siyadonswa" - Los Angeles Times

"Isikhangiso saseStanford Sifuna Isikhangiso Esiphikisana Nesivumelwano Sokushintshwa 37" - Izindaba zePalo Alto

Amakhemikhali Emboni Yezamakhemikhali

I-USRTK ihlanganise uchungechunge lwamaphepha amaqiniso ngabalobi namaqembu e-PR imboni yezolimo ithembele ekwenziweni kokungabaza ngesayensi ephakamisa ukukhathazeka ngemikhiqizo eyingozi futhi ephikisana nokuvikelwa kwempilo yezemvelo.
Kungani Ungethembi UHenry I. Miller
- Kungani iForbes Isuse Ezinye Izindatshana ZaseKavin Senapathy
- UJulie Kelly Upheka Inkulumo-ze Yezimboni Zamakhemikhali
I-American Council on Science and Health iyiCorporate Front Group
UJon Entine weProjekthi Yezifundo Zokufunda Nokubhala: I-Master Industry's Master Messenger
UTrevor Butterworth / Sense Mayelana neSayensi Isebenzisa Isayensi Yezimboni
- Ngabe Isayensi Yezindaba Yesikhungo Ishintsha Ukubukwa Kwebhizinisi Lwesayensi?

Landela uphenyo lwe-USRTK Lokudla Okukhulu namaqembu alo angaphambili: https://usrtk.org/our-investigations/

Izimali Zenethiwekhi Yezenhlalo Yesimo Sezulu Esenqabela Inkohliso Yamakhemikhali Anobuthi

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Zikhuthaza ama-GMO nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, zivikela amakhemikhali anobuthi nokudla okungenamsoco, futhi zihlasela abantu abaphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngaleyo mikhiqizo ngokuthi “balwa nesayensi.” Kodwa-ke uJon Entine, uTrevor Butterworth noHenry Miller baxhaswa ngamaqembu afanayo axhasa ukwenqatshwa kwesayensi yezulu.

NguStacy Malkan

Umbhali waseBrithani uGeorge Monbiot unesixwayiso kulabo bethu abazama ukuqonda amaqiniso amasha ezepolitiki e-US nase-UK: "Asinalo ithemba lokuqonda ukuthi yini ezayo kuze kube yilapho siqonda ukuthi inethiwekhi yemali emnyama isebenza kanjani," wabhala ku i-Guardian.

Kungenzeka ukuthi iCorporate America yehlisa ukwenanela uDonald Trump, kepha kwathi lapho uTrump esekutholile ukuqokwa, "imali enkulu yaqala ukuthola ithuba elingakaze libonwe," kubhala uMonbiot. “Ukungahambisani kwakhe kwakungeyona inkinga, kepha kwakuvula: i-ajenda yakhe yayingakhiwa. Futhi uhlelo olumnyama lwemali olwalusungulwe ezinye izinkampani zaseMelika lwalulungele ngokuphelele ukulwakha. ”

Le nethiwekhi, noma imali emnyama i-ATM njengoba uMama Jones ekuchazile, kubhekiswa enanini elinzima lokulandela umkhondo eligeleza lisuka kozigidigidi abangamasiko amakhulu, abanjengoCharles noDavid Koch nababambisene nabo, nezinkampani eziba ngamaqembu angaphambili akhuthaza imibono yezimakethe ezikhululekile ngokweqile - ngokwesibonelo, izimpi ezilwa nezikole zomphakathi, izinyunyana, ukuvikelwa kwemvelo, izinqubomgomo zokuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu kanye nesayensi esongela inzuzo yebhizinisi.

"Asinathemba lokuthi sizokuqonda okuzayo size siqonde ukuthi isebenza kanjani imali emnyama."

Ababhali abaphenyayo UJane Mayer, UNaomi Oreskes, u-Erik Conway kanti abanye badalule ukuthi “indaba yemali emnyama nendaba yokwenqatshwa kwesimo sezulu iyindaba efanayo: izinhlangothi ezimbili zemali eyodwa,” njengoba uSenator wase-United States uSheldon Whitehouse ayichaza ngonyaka odlule inkulumo.

Amasu "okuholwa nguKoch, umsebenzi wokuthenga umthelela" - kufaka phakathi imisebenzi yenkulumo-ze ejikeleza isayensi ngaphandle kokubheka iqiniso - "mhlawumbe yisona sizathu esikhulu esingenayo umthetho-mali ophelele wesimo sezulu eCongress," kusho uWhitehouse.

Ngenkathi la maqhinga elandelelwe kahle emkhakheni wesimo sezulu, okungaxhunywanga kangako iqiniso lokuthi abaxhasi abalandela ukuphika kwesayensi yesimo sezulu baphinde babhalise inethiwekhi yabasebenzi be-PR abakhe imisebenzi yokuphotha isayensi ukuphika ubungozi bezempilo bamakhemikhali anobuthi ekudleni esikudingayo sidle nemikhiqizo esiyisebenzisa nsuku zonke.

Izigxobo ziphakeme empilweni yesizwe sethu. Amanani we- umdlavuza wezingane manje seziphezulu ngama-50% kunangesikhathi lapho “impi yomdlavuza” yaqala emashumini eminyaka adlule, futhi isikhali esihle kunazo zonke asisisebenzisi neze: izinqubomgomo zokunciphisa ukutholakala kwamakhemikhali abangela umdlavuza.

"Uma sifuna ukunqoba impi yomdlavuza, sidinga ukuqala ngamanxusa ayizinkulungwane omzimba namakhemikhali ahlolwe ngangokunokwenzeka, okungenzeka noma aziwa ngama-carcinogens ngabantu yi-International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organisation" kubhala usosayensi nomlobi uDevra U-Lee Davis, PhD, MPH, ku The Hill.

Ukunciphisa amanxusa aziwayo "akuhlangene neze nesayensi, futhi kuningi okuphathelene namandla ezimboni ezinenzuzo enkulu ethembele ebudlelwaneni bomphakathi ukuphikisana nemibiko yesayensi ngobungozi," kusho uDavis.

Ukuvikela amakhemikhali anobuthi nokudla okungenamsoco 

Lapho imikhiqizo ebalulekile embonini yokudla kwamakhemikhali nokudla okungenamsoco ingena enkingeni ngesayensi, kuvela abalingiswa namaqembu abikezelwayo endaweni yesehlakalo, besebenzisa amasu abezindaba agugile ukukhipha izinkampani ezidinga ukukhuthazwa yi-PR.

Amagama abo namasu abawasebenzisayo - izindatshana ezinde eziphikisayo, ezivame ukwenziwa ukuhlaselwa ngabantu - zizokwaziwa ososayensi abaningi, izintatheli kanye nabameli babathengi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngemikhiqizo enobuthi kule minyaka eyi-15 edlule.

Izicelo zamarekhodi womphakathi ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi ezivundulule izinkulungwane zemibhalo, kanye nemibiko yakamuva eyenziwe ngu Greenpeace, The Ngenisa nabanye, bakhanyisa ukukhanya okusha kule nethiwekhi yenkulumo-ze.

Abadlali ababalulekile kubalwa uJon Entine, uTrevor Butterworth, uHenry I. Miller namaqembu axhumene nabo: STATS, Centre for Media and Public Affairs, Genetic Literacy Project, Sense About Science neHoover Institute.

Yize kunemilando ebhalwe kahle njenge-PR operatives, i-Entine, iButterworth neMiller yethulwa njengemithombo yesayensi ebucayi ezinkundleni zokuxhumana eziningi, ezivela Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Newsweek, I-Philadelphia Enquirer, I-Harvard Business Review futhi, bridge ngokuvamile, Forbes - ngaphandle kokudalulwa kwemithombo yabo yezimali noma i-ajenda yokususa umthetho ezimbonini ezingcolisayo ezizikhuthazayo.

Izindatshana zabo zibeka phezulu ekusesheni kweGoogle izinto eziningi eziseqhulwini embonini yamakhemikhali nokudla okungenamsoco - okucindezela ukulandisa kokuthi ama-GMO, izibulala-zinambuzane, amakhemikhali epulasitiki, abashukela esikhundleni sikashukela baphephile, futhi noma ngubani osho okwahlukile ukuthi “uphikisana nesayensi.”

Kwezinye izimo, bathola ithonya njengoba behambisana nezikhungo zokusungula ezifana neBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, iCornell University kanye neYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eDavis.

Kodwa-ke imithombo yabo yezimali ibuyela emuva emibonweni efanayo "yemakethe yamahhala" evela emafutheni kawoyela, ezemithi namakhemikhali axhasa ukwenqaba kwesayensi yezulu - ISearle Freedom Trust, Izisekelo zeScaife, IJohn Templeton Foundation nabanye bahlonzwa njengabaxhasi abakhulu nabangaguquguquki bamaqembu aphika isayensi yezulu, ngokusho kuka Ucwaningo lwe-2013 nguDrexel University isazi sezenhlalo uRobert Brulle, PhD.

Labo abafuna ukuqonda imigomo yenqubomgomo yenethiwekhi yemali emnyama yokuqaqa ukuvikelwa kwezempilo kohlelo lwethu lokudla benza kahle ukubheka lokhu abasakaza inkulumo-ze banamuhla nemiyalezo yabo.

UJon Entine - Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy / STATS

UJon Entine, owayekade eyintatheli, uzibonakalisa njengegunya lokulawula isayensi. Noma kunjalo ubufakazi obanele busikisela ungumsebenzi wobudlelwano bomphakathi obunesikhathi eside enobudlelwano obujulile nezinkampani zamakhemikhali ezihlushwa imibuzo ngezingcuphe zezempilo.

Eminyakeni edlule, u-Entine unakho ehlaselwa Lokhu ososayensi, oprofesa, abaxhasi, abameli futhi izintatheli ngubani ophakamise ukukhathazeka mayelana ukukhwabanisa, amandla enuzi, izibulala-zinambuzane futhi Amakhemikhali esetshenzisiwe amabhodlela ezingane futhi amathoyizi ezingane. Indaba kaMama Jones ka-2012 kaTom Philpott ichaza u-Entine njengo “Umxolisi webhizinisi lezolimo, ”Futhi uGreenpeace uchaza umlando wakhe ku Iwebhusayithi yokubuka iPolluter.

U-Entine manje ungumqondisi we Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, iqembu eligqugquzela ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Isiza sithi asithathi hlangothi, kepha “sakhiwe ngokusobala ukukhuthaza isikhundla semboni futhi asizami ukubheka ukungathathi hlangothi ezindabeni,” kusho uMichael Hansen, PhD, usosayensi omkhulu we-Consumers Union.

"Umyalezo uthi ukwenziwa kwezakhi zofuzo muhle futhi noma ngubani okugxekayo uyimbono esabekayo, kepha lokho akusho ukuthi impikiswano yesayensi ikuphi ngempela."

Faka izimangalo, isibonelo, ukuthi "ukuvumelana kwesayensi mayelana nokuphepha kwe-GMO kunamandla ukwedlula ukufudumala kwembulunga yonke" - isimangalo esiphikiswa yi-World Health Organisation, esithi akunakwenzeka ukwenza izitatimende ezijwayelekile ngokuphepha kwe-GMO, nangamakhulu ososayensi abathi kukhona akukho ukuvumelana kwesayensi kwezokuphepha kwe-GMO.

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project nayo ayizange iveze obala mayelana nokuxhumana kwayo neMonsanto. Njengesibonelo esisodwa, isayithi lishicilele amaphepha amaningi ezifundo ze-pro-GMO ama-imeyili adalula kamuva ukuthi ayenjalo abelwe osolwazi yisiphathimandla seMonsanto esihlinzeke ngezindawo zokukhulumela amaphepha futhi sathembisa ukuthi bampompe baphume yonke indawo i-Internet.

Esinye isibonelo: Abalingani be-Genetic Literacy Project babambisana ne-Academics Review ku- Iphrojekthi Ye-Biotechnology Literacy, izingqungquthela ezisekela izimboni eziqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ngokuthi "zingayifaka kanjani kangcono impikiswano ye-GMO nomphakathi ongabazayo."

"Ukhiye kuzogcina iMonsanto ingemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi."

Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo, okushicilele i- umbiko ngo-2014 behlasela imboni ephilayo, baziveza njengeqembu elizimele, kodwa ama-imeyili embuliwe yasungulwa ngosizo lwesikhulu esiphezulu seMonsanto esathembisa ukuthola imali "kuyilapho iMonsanto igcina ngemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi." Ama-imeyili futhi wabonisa owayengumsunguli we-Academics Review uBruce Chassy wayekade ethola Izimali ezingadalulwanga ezivela eMonsanto nge-University of Illinois Foundation.

Ngakho-ke ngubani oxhasa iPhrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy and Entine?

Ngokusho kwabo iwebhusayithi, inqwaba yemali ivela ezisekelweni ezimbili - iSearle neTempleton - ekhonjwe ku- Ucwaningo lwe-Drexel njengabaxhasi abaphambili bokuphika isayensi yezulu Lesi siza siphinde sibhale uxhaso lweWinkler Family Foundation futhi "sidlule sisekela i-University of California-Davis Biotech Literacy Bootcamp" esivela kwi-Academics Review Charitable Association.

Imithombo yezimali yangaphambilini ibuye ifake abasekeli bokuphika isayensi yezulu kanye nokudluliswa kwemali okungadalulwanga.

IGenetic Literacy Project ne-Entine phambilini bezisebenza ngaphansi kwesambulela seStatistical Assessment Services (STATS), iqembu eliseGeorge Mason University, lapho u-Entine ayengumuntu khona eCentre for Health and Risk Communication kusuka ngo-2011-2014.

I-STATS ixhaswe kakhulu yi-Scaife Foundation neSearle Freedom Trust phakathi kuka-2005 no-2014, ngokusho kophenyo lweGreenpeace Uxhaso lwe-STATS.

UKimberly Dennis, umongameli kanye ne-CEO yeSearle Freedom Trust, futhi ungusihlalo webhodi leDonors Trust, elidume kabi Isikhwama semali esimnyama esixhunywe nguKoch abanikeli babo abangalandelelwa. Ngaphansi kobuholi bukaDennis, iSearle neDonors Trust yathumela imali engama- $ 290,000 ku-STATS ngo-2010, kubika iGreenpeace.

In 2012 futhi 2013, I-STATS ithole izimali ezibolekwe ngenhlangano engudadewabo, iCentre for Media and Public Affairs, okuyi wathola Iminikelo ngaleyo minyaka evela eGeorge Mason University Foundation, okuyi ayivezi imithombo yezimali.

U-Entine uke wazama ukuziqhelelanisa kwesinye isikhathi ne-GLP okuvela kula maqembu; kodwa, amarekhodi entela i-Entine ikhokhelwe u- $ 173,100 yiCentre for Media and Public Affairs ngonyaka ophela ngoJuni 30, 2015.

Nge-2014, ama-imeyili ayabonisa, U-Entine wayezama ukuthola ikhaya elisha le-Genetic Literacy Project, futhi wayefuna ukusungula “ubudlelwano obusemthethweni” ne-University of California, Davis, World Food Centre. Ube ngumuntu oMdala eSikoleni se-Institute for Food and Agricultural Literacy futhi manje ukhomba njengomuntu owayekade esebenza naye. I-GLP manje isingaphansi kwesambulela seqembu elibizwa ngeSayensi Literacy Project.

U-Entine uthe ngeke aphendule imibuzo ngale ndaba.

UTrevor Butterworth - Umuzwa NgeSayensi USA / STATS

UTrevor Butterworth ubethembekile imboni isithunywa iminyaka eminingi, ukuvikela ukuphepha kwemikhiqizo ehlukahlukene eyingozi ebalulekile ezimbonini zamakhemikhali nezokudla okungenamsoco, njenge phthalates, BPA, i-vinyl plastic, isiraphu yengqolowa, ama-sodas anoshukela futhi ubumnandi bokufakelwa. Ungumnikeli wangaphambili ku Newsweek futhi ubhale ukubuyekezwa kwezincwadi ze- Wall Street Journal.

Kusukela ngo-2003 kuya ku-2014, iButterworth ibingumhleli kwa-STATS, ixhaswe kakhulu yi-Scaife Foundation neSearle Freedom Trust. Ngo-2014, waba ngumqondisi wokusungula we Inzwa Mayelana neSayensi USA bese ngigoqa ama-STATS kulelo qembu.

Ukudalulwa kwakamuva kukaLiza Gross ku I-Intercept ichaze iSense About Science, umqondisi wayo uTracey Brown, uButterworth, i-STATS kanye nabasunguli balawo maqembu “njengabaqokiwe abazimele besayensi yomsindo” “abalinganisa izikali embonini.”

I-Sense About Science "izama ukusiza umphakathi onolwazi olungelona iqiniso ukuthi ihlunge izimangalo ezethusayo ngempilo nemvelo" kepha "inomlando ophazamisayo wokuqhakambisa ochwepheshe okuvele ukuthi banezibopho nezimboni ezilawulwayo," kubhala uGross.

"Uma izintatheli zibuza ngokufanele ukuthi ngubani oxhasa ucwaningo ngobungozi be-asbestos, noma amakhemikhali okwenziwa, bazokwelulekwa ukuba bangabaze nobufakazi obuvezwa yiSense About Science kulezi zingxoxo."

I-Sense About Science USA ithunyelwe le mpendulo uButterworth uthe nge-imeyili "udumele ngendaba edukisayo ka-Intercept, ebikhanyisela abantu nezinhlangano ezingaxhumananga neSense About Science USA ndawonye." Uthe iqembu lakhe alithathi mali yezinkampani futhi lizimele ngokusemthethweni kwi-UK Sense About Science.

Uthe futhi, "Angikaze ngihlanganyele emkhankasweni wokuthumela imiyalezo embonini - kunoma yikuphi, ngikhokhelwe noma cha."

Ezinye izintatheli ziphethe ngenye indlela. 

Abathelisi ku I-Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, I-Atlantic futhi I-Consumer Reports uveze uButterworth njengomdlali ophambili emizameni ye-PR enonya embonini yamakhemikhali yokuvikela ikhemikhali iBPA.

Ngo-2009, izintatheli uSusanne Rust noMeg Kissinger be-Journal Sentinel kuchaze iButterworth njengomvikeli we-BPA "othanda kakhulu", kanye nesibonelo "sababhali bezobudlelwano bomphakathi embonini yamakhemikhali" abangakudaluli ukusebenzisana kwabo.

 "Ukuvikelwa kweBPA kumablogi kuvela kuTrevor Butterworth."

STATS, babhala, "Izisholo ukuthi iyinhlangano yabezindaba ezimele" kodwa "ixhaswe izinhlangano zezinqubomgomo zomphakathi ezikhuthaza ukupheliswa komthetho." Inhlangano engudadewabo, iCentre for Media and Public Affairs, "inomlando wokusebenzela izinkampani ezizama ukudlulisa ukukhathazeka ngokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yazo." UButterworth uthe ukubika kwakhe ngeBPA kukhombisa ubufakazi ngaleso sikhathi obuvela emithonjeni egunyaziwe, kanti abakwa STATS bathumele izimpendulo lapha futhi lapha ekubikeni okubucayi.

Isibonelo sakamuva sendlela imibhalo kaButterworth eyadlala ngayo indima enkulu emizamweni yokubambela ezinkampanini yokuhlambalaza isayensi enenkinga ingabonakala emsebenzini wakhe we-sweetener yokufakelwa eyimpikiswano.

Ngo-2012, iButterworth yabhala i- Isihloko seForbes ukugxeka isifundo esiphakamise ukukhathazeka ngengozi yomdlavuza ye-sucralose. Uchaze abacwaningi, uDkt. Morando Soffritti kanye neRamazzini Institute, “njengento yokuhlekisa.”

Ngo-2016, iqembu eliphambili embonini yezokudla lalinendatshana kaButterworth yango-2012 kanye “nento ehlaya” ehlaziya isitatimende sephephandaba ukuhlasela iSoffritti entsha "yokufunda ukwethuka" okuphakamise ukukhathazeka nge-sucralose. Izintatheli ku- The IndependentThe Daily MailTelegraph futhi Deseret News wacosha izingcaphuno zaseButterworth ehlazisa abacwaningi, wamkhomba kuphela njengentatheli yaseForbes.

Ngokunjalo, ngo-2011, iButterworth ibingungoti ovelele kwi-International Sweeteners Association Conference, futhi yafaka isicelo sayo kweyabo isitatimende sephephandaba abukho "ubufakazi bokuba yingozi empilweni" kusuka ku-sucralose. Ukhonjwe "njengentatheli evame ukufaka isandla kwi-Financial Times naseWall Street Journal."

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-USRTK akhombisa ukuthi i-Coca Cola VP URona Applebaum uchaze iButterworth kubaholi beGlobal Energy Balance Network - a Iqembu eliphambili leCoca-Cola sisebenzela ukuphotha isayensi ngokukhuluphala - njengo “umngane wethu”Kanye nentatheli obekade“ukulungele futhi uyakwazi”Ukusebenza nabo. IButterworth ithe ayikaze isebenze nalelo qembu.

IButterworth manje isihlangene neCornell University njenge ovakashele esikanye naye eCornell Alliance for Science, iqembu elasungulwa ngonyaka we-2014 linemali eyisibonelelo esingu- $ 5.6 million yeGates Foundation ukuze khuthaza ama-GMO. Iqembu elixhaswe ngabakwaGates manje selihlanganyela ne-Sense About Science USA kwi-workshop yokufundisa ososayensi abasebasha ukuthi “Yimela iSayensi. "

I-Sense About Science USA nayo isebenza ngokuzibandakanya komphakathi imihlangano yokucobelelana ngolwazi yososayensi ezindaweni ezifana ne-University of Washington, University of Pittsburg, Carnegie Melon, Rockefeller University, Caltech kanye ne-University of Massachusetts, Boston.

UHenry I. Miller - Isikhungo seHoover

UHenry I. Miller, MD, ozakwabo eHoover Institution, ungomunye wabavikeli abanamandla kakhulu wokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nabaphikisi abanonya bokukufaka amalebuli. Ubhale ukuhlaselwa okuningi embonini yezinto eziphilayo, kufaka phakathi i- "The Colossal Hoax of Organic Agriculture" (Forbes), "Ukulima Ngokwemvelo Akusimeme" (Wall Street Journal) kanye ne "Iqiniso elingcolile Mayelana Nemikhiqizo Engokwemvelo" (Newsweek).

UMiller ubhale futhi evikela i- izibulala-zinambuzane ezilimaza izinyosi, amakhemikhali epulasitiki futhi imisebe evela ezikhungweni zamandla enuzi, futhi ubelokhu ephikisana ne ukwenziwa kabusha kwe-DDT. Akaphendulanga ezicelweni zokuphawula ngale ndaba.

Ngokungafani neButterworth ne-Entine, uMiller unesizinda sesayensi kanye nezimpawu zikahulumeni; ungudokotela wezokwelapha futhi wayengumqondisi osungula ihhovisi le-FDA le-biotechnology.

NjengoButterworth no-Entine, uxhaso lukaMiller luvela emaqenjini axhasa ukwenqaba kwesayensi yezulu - iHoover Institute's umxhasi ophezulu yiSarah Scaife Foundation, kanti leli qembu selithathe nemali kwaSearle Freedom Trust, Exxon Mobile, American Chemistry Council, Charles Koch Foundation naseDonors Trust.

Njengabasunguli be I-STATS ne-Sense Mayelana neSayensi, UMiller ubuye abe nobudlelwano nemikhankaso ye-PR embonini kagwayi. Ngonyaka we-1994 Imemo yeqhinga le-PR lenkampani kagwayi uPhillip Morris, UMiller wabizwa ngokuthi "umsekeli oqavile" womkhankaso womhlaba wonke wokulwa nemithetho kagwayi. Ngo-2012, UMiller wabhala leyo nicotine “akukubi kangako kuwe ngamanani ahanjiswa ngogwayi noma imikhiqizo engenantuthu.”

UMiller ubuye abe yilungu "lebhodi lokweluleka ngokwesayensi" le IGeorge C. Marshall Institute, edume kakhulu ngomkhakha wayo kawoyela negesi okhokhela ukwenqabela ukuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu, nowayengumphathiswa we Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, “okuxhomeke kakhulu ekuxhasweni yizinkampani ezinesabelo sezezimali ezingxoxweni zesayensi okuhlose ukubunjwa,” ngokusho kuka umama Jones.

Mhlawumbe ngokubona ukuthi amadoda akhombisayo akuyona imithombo engcono kakhulu yokuthonya abesifazane abathenga ukudla, uMiller usanda kwabelana ngama-byline nabesifazane abasifazane abajoyine ukuhlasela kwakhe abameli bezempilo kanye nabalimi abaphilayo.

Izibonelo zifaka isiqeshana esibhalwe ngokuhlanganyela noKavin Senapathy, umsunguli we- iqembu lokho kuzama phazamisa imicimbi yokukhuluma kwabagxeki be-GMO, isihloko esithi “Shala Izishoshovu; ” futhi eyodwa nge UJulie Kelly, uthisha wokupheka onomyeni wakhe olwela amalungelo enkampani enkulu yezolimo i-ADM, echaza ezolimo eziphilayo njenge “umbuso omubi. "

Umsebenzi wakamuva kaKelly ufaka isiqeshana ku- Buyekeza National kufaka ukungabaza kubaphenyi besayensi yesimo sezulu, nendatshana eku- The Hill enxenxa iCongress ukuthi ibuyisele imali i-International Agency for Research on Cancer, ayisola "ngokuhlanganiswa komdlavuza" kanye "nokusebenzisa isayensi engaqondakali ukuthuthukisa uhlelo oluthinta ezepolitiki."

Njengoba singena eshumini leminyaka lesihlanu lokulahlekelwa yimpi yomdlavuza, futhi njengoba ukungazinzi kwesimo sezulu kusongela imvelo kanye nohlelo lwethu lokudla, sekuyisikhathi sokuqaqa inethiwekhi yabaphikisi besayensi abathi babanga isembatho sesayensi futhi sibadalule ukuthi bayini: abasabalalisi bezindaba abenza lokho umsebenzi ongcolile wemboni.

Lo mbhalo ushicilelwe ekuqaleni ku Isazi sezinto eziphilayo.

UStacy Malkan ungumsunguli futhi ungumqondisi obambisene weqembu elingenzi nzuzo lomqapha womphakathi Ilungelo le-US Lokwazi. Ungumbhali wencwadi ethi “Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry,” ongomunye wabasunguli bomkhankaso kazwelonke we-Safe Cosmetics nowake waba ngumshicileli wephephandaba.

UJulie Kelly Upheka Inkulumo-ze Yomkhakha Wezolimo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ngubani okhokhela uJulie Kelly? Akayidalulanga imithombo yakhe yezimali.

UJulie Kelly ungumbhali wezokudla kanye nomfundisi wokupheka owavela ngonyaka ka-2015 njengommeli onolaka wemboni yezolimo, ephethe izindatshana ezivikela ama-pesticides, ephikisana nokubekwa uphawu kwe-GMO nokuhlasela imboni yokudla yemvelo. Umsebenzi wakhe uvele ku Buyekeza National, The Hill, Huffington Post, iWall Street Journal neForbes.

Uchungechunge oluphumelele izindondo eLe Monde uchaze uJulie Kelly njengomuntu “osakaza inkulumo-ze” ababambe iqhaza ekuhlaselweni okuqondiswe embonini kososayensi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza nge-glyphosate.

UKelly akayidalulanga imithombo yakhe yezimali. Umyeni kaJulie Kelly, UJohn Kelly Jr., uyisikhuthazi se- ibhizinisi elikhulu lezolimo i-ADM, phakathi kwamanye amaklayenti ezinkampani kubandakanya iBlackstone neCVS; namakhasimende kahulumeni afaka phakathi I-DuPage County lapho uJulie Kelly kwakusebenza phambilini njengomxhumanisi wenqubomgomo kusihlalo webhodi lesifunda uDan Cronin.

Imibhalo Yehliswe kwaForbes

Ngo-Agasti 2017, iForbes isuse izindatshana zikaJulie Kelly ezabelana ngomugqa ngamunye UHenry I. Miller, ongumlingani weHoover Institution, kulandela izambulo zokuthi uMonsanto ubhale i-athikili ehlasela i-International Agency for Research on Cancer, uMiller ayishicilela ngaphansi kwegama lakhe eForbes.

I-New York Times kubike ngo-Aug. 1:

  • Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi uHenry I. Miller wacela uMonsanto ukuba amenzele udaba olwalubonisa kakhulu olwavela ngaphansi kwegama lakhe kuwebhusayithi yeForbes ngonyaka ka-2015. IForbes yalususa lolu daba kwi-website yalo ngoLwesithathu yathi lwaphela ubuhlobo balo noMnu. Miller phakathi kwezambulo.

I-Watch Retraction kuqhubeka kubikwa: IForbes “idicilele phansi phansi yonke imibhalo kaMiller esizeni sayo, ngoba yephule imigomo yenkontileka yayo” efuna ukuba ababhali “badalule noma yikuphi ukungqubuzana okungaba khona kwezintshisekelo futhi bashicilele kuphela okuqukethwe okungumbhalo wabo wokuqala.”

Ama-imeyili, kuthunyelwe lapha, bonisa ukuthi izinkampani zisebenza kanjani nababhali abanjengoMiller ukukhuthaza amaphuzu okukhuluma embonini ngenkathi begcina ukusebenzisana kwabo kuyimfihlo. Kulokhu, umphathi we-Monsanto wacela uMiller ukuthi abhale ikholomu futhi wamnikeza "uhlaka olunzima kakhulu" ngokuthi "isiqalo esihle somlingo wakho." Okusalungiswa okonakele kwavela ezinsukwini ezimbalwa kamuva, kungashintshiwe, ngaphansi kwegama likaMiller ku le kholomu yeForbes.

UKelly noMiller banakho kubhalwe ngokubambisana okungenani izindatshana eziyishumi nambili ngokuhlanganyela, ukukhuthaza izibulala-zinambuzane, siphikisana nokususwa komthetho nokuhlasela imboni yezinto eziphilayo. Izindatshana zikaKelly ezisuswe kwiwebsite yeForbes zifaka phakathi kokunye: "Imixhaso Yombuso Yezolimo Yezolimo Kufanele Ilinywe Ngaphansi" (7.12.17), "Ingabe iTrump Administration Izongenisa Isikhathi Esingaphansi KobuKronike Kanye Nokukhokha-Ku-Dlala?" (11.16.16) kanye nokuthi “Indlela i-Organic Agriculture eyavela ngayo isuka kuThuluzi Lokumaketha laya ku-Evil Empire” (12.2.15).

Ukungafanele

I-athikili kaJulayi 12, 2017 ehlasela imboni yezinto eziphilayo - isuswe kuwebhu nguForbes ngenxa yokusebenzisana noHenry I. Miller - Kelly noMiller babalule umbiko we-Academics Review ohlasela imboni yezemvelo njengomthombo ohloniphekile, ozimele. Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi ukubuyekeza kwe-Academics kwamiswa njengeqembu eliphambili ngosizo lweMonsanto futhi ngemali yezimboni ukuhlasela imboni ephilayo kanye nabagxeki bama-GMO.

Udisemba 2, 2015 indatshana ku Forbes eyabhalwa ngokubambisana nguKelly noMiller baqamba amanga bathi uSolwazi uKevin Folta wase-University of Florida "uphendule ama-imeyili acishe abe ngu-5,000 XNUMX" ephendula izicelo zerekhodi le-pubic, “Kuphela one okukhombisa ukuxhumana noMonsanto. ” Eqinisweni, i- New York Times ithunyelwe 174 amakhasi yama-imeyili kaFolta akhombisa ukuxhumana okuningi neMonsanto kanye UKetchum, imboni ye-PR yezimboni zezolimo.

UKelly unakho bathi, ngokunganembile, ukuthi ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kuholela ekusetshenzisweni okuphansi kwezibulala-zinambuzane futhi kudale inzuzo enkulu kubalimi; empeleni, ama-GMO aholele ephakeme ukusetshenziswa kwe-herbicide ngokuphelele ngenxa yezitshalo ze-GMO ezibekezelela ukhula kanye nabalimi abanakho uhlangabezane nezinkinga eziningi.

Ukungabaza Kokukhiqiza mayelana Nesimo Sezulu / Ubungozi Bezibulala-zinambuzane

Umsebenzi kaJulie Kelly ufaka:

Sifaka ukungabaza ngesayensi yokuguquka kwesimo sezulu ku Buyekeza National

Ukuhlaselwa kwezishoshovu zesimo sezulu, isibonelo ukuthumela i-tweet kuBill McKibben, "Uyisicefe."

Kucelwa iCongress ukuthi ikhokhele i-International Agency for Research on Cancer, uphiko lokucwaninga ngomdlavuza lweWorld Health Organisation, ku The Hill.

Umbhali kaKelly ovame ukubambisana naye uMiller ngu- ilungu "lebhodi lokweluleka ngesayensi" weGeorge C. Marshall Institute, edume ngoyela negesi imboni yenqatshelwa ngemali lokushintsha kwesimo sezulu. Kuzindatshana ezihambisane noMiller, uKelly une:

  • Ukuphikisana ukuthi amapulazi angokwemvelo “ahlaza imvelo.”
  • Kuthuthukisiwe I-DDT njengesibulala-zinambuzane esisebenza ngokungafanele obekungafanele ivinjelwe, futhi yathi “abashisekeli abaluhlaza” kanye “nezishoshovu zemibono engenalwazi” kungonakalisa ukunikezwa kokudla ngokucindezela i-EPA ukuthi ivimbele i-glyphosate kaMonsanto.
  • Kuchazwe ukuphathwa kukaTrump njengokungenisa inkathi “yokuba sobala okukhulu kukahulumeni nokuziphendulela, kanye nenkundla yokudlala ezingeni elingaphezulu” okungaba yisibusiso esikhulu embonini ye-GMO.

Isikhungo seHoover, ukhuthaza umsebenzi kaKelly, unomsebenzi wokunciphisa "ukungena kukahulumeni ezimpilweni zabantu ngabanye." Its umxhasi ophezulu iyona ISarah Scaife Foundation, ekhonjwe ngonyaka we-2013 Ucwaningo lweDrexel University njengenye yezona "zimali ezinkulu kakhulu futhi ezingaguquguquki zezinhlangano ezihlela ukwenqaba ukushintsha kwesimo sezulu" kanye nesisekelo esithuthukisa "imibono engenamakethe emikhulu ezindaweni eziningi."

Amakhemikhali Emboni Yezamakhemikhali

I-USRTK ihlanganise uchungechunge lwamaphepha amaqiniso ngabalobi namaqembu e-PR imboni yezolimo ithembele ekwenziweni kokungabaza ngesayensi ephakamisa ukukhathazeka ngemikhiqizo eyingozi futhi ephikisana nokuvikelwa kwempilo yezemvelo.
Kungani Ungethembi UHenry I. Miller
- Kungani iForbes Isuse Ezinye Izindatshana ZaseKavin Senapathy
I-American Council on Science and Health yiCorporate Front Group
UJon Entine weProjekthi Yezifundo Zokufunda Nokubhala: I-Master Industry's Master Messenger
UTrevor Butterworth / Sense Mayelana neSayensi Isebenzisa Isayensi Yezimboni
- Ngabe Isayensi Yezindaba Yesikhungo Ishintsha Ukubukwa Kwebhizinisi Lwesayensi?

Landela uphenyo lwe-USRTK Lokudla Okukhulu namaqembu alo angaphambili: https://usrtk.org/our-investigations/