Amaphepha eMonsanto - Izimfihlo Eziyingozi, Ukukhohlakala Kwebhizinisi, kanye Nokufuna Komuntu Ubulungiswa

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Incwadi entsha yoMqondisi Wezocwaningo wase-USRTK uCarey Gillam iphumile manje futhi iqoqa izibuyekezo ezikhanyayo. Nayi incazelo emfushane yencwadi evela kumshicileli Isiqhingi Press:

U-Lee Johnson wayeyindoda enamaphupho alula. Konke ayekufuna kwakuwumsebenzi ozinzile kanye nekhaya elihle lomkakhe nezingane, okungcono kunempilo enzima ayaziyo esakhula. Wayengakaze acabange ukuthi angaba ubuso bokubambana kukaDavid noGoliyathi ngokulwa nesinye sezikhondlakhondla zezinkampani ezinamandla kakhulu emhlabeni. Kodwa ingozi yasemsebenzini yashiya uLee efakwe ikhemikhali enobuthi futhi ebhekene nomdlavuza obulalayo owaguqula impilo yakhe yabhekisa phansi. Ku-2018, umhlaba ubukele njengoba uLee ebhekwe phambili kwezimpi ezisemthethweni ezinkulu kakhulu emlandweni wakamuva.

Amaphepha eMonsanto yindaba yangaphakathi yecala elibalulekile likaLee Johnson elibhekene neMonsanto. KuLee, leli cala lalingumjaho ophikisana newashi, nodokotela babikezela ukuthi ngeke aphile isikhathi eside ngokwanele ukuthi angathatha ukuma kofakazi. Eqenjini le-eclectic labammeli abancane, abanesifiso sokumela, bekuyindaba yokuziqhenya kobungcweti nokuzibeka engcupheni komuntu siqu, nezigidi zamadola abo kanye nodumo olutholwe kanzima kulayini.

Ngamandla okulandisa athintekayo, Amaphepha eMonsanto ithatha abafundi ekusithekeni kwempi yomthetho ekhathazayo, ibuyisa ikhethini ebuthakathakeni bohlelo lwenkantolo yaseMelika nobude abameli abazoya kulo ukulwa nobubi bezinkampani futhi bathole ubulungiswa kubathengi.

Bona okuningi mayelana ne- bhuka lapha. Thenga incwadi ku AmazonBarnes & Noble, umshicileli Isiqhingi Press noma abathengisi bezincwadi abazimele.

Izibuyekezo

“Indaba enamandla, ixoxwa kahle, nomsebenzi omuhle wobuntatheli bokuphenya. UCarey Gillam ubhale incwadi ephoqelelayo kusukela ekuqaleni kuze kube sekugcineni, mayelana nezimpi zomthetho ezibaluleke kakhulu esikhathini sethu. ” - Lukas Reiter, umkhiqizi omkhulu we-TV nomlobi we "The Blacklist," "The Practice," ne "Boston Legal"

“Amaphepha eMonsanto ahlanganisa isayensi nenhlekelele yabantu nedrama yasenkantolo ngesitayela sikaJohn Grisham. Kuyindaba yokukhohlakala kwezinkampani ngezinga elikhulu - isambulo esethusayo sokuhaha komkhakha wamakhemikhali, ukuzikhukhumeza, nokunganaki impilo yabantu nempilo yeplanethi yethu. Kumele kufundwe. ” - UPhilip J. Landrigan, MD, uMqondisi, uHlelo Lwezempilo Yomphakathi Lomhlaba Wonke kanye neCommon Good, iBoston College

"Intatheli emnkantshubomvu ephenya uCarey Gillam utshela udaba lukaJohnson encwadini yakhe yakamuva ethi," The Monsanto Papers, "i-akhawunti esheshayo, ethintekayo yokuthi ingcebo yeMonsanto neBayer yashintsha kanjani kakhulu esikhathini esifushane kangaka. Ngaphandle kodaba oludingidwayo - isayensi nenkambiso yomthetho eyinkimbinkimbi - "Amaphepha eMonsanto" ukufundwa okuhlabahlosile okunikeza incazelo ekulula ukuyilandela yokuthi lamacala aqhubeka kanjani, amajaji afinyelela kanjani esinqumweni sawo nokuthi kungani iBayer ibonakala ngathi, empeleni , ngiphakamisa ifulegi elimhlophe manje. ” - St Louis Post-Dispatch

“Umbhali wakha icala eligculisayo lokuthi iMonsanto ibikuthanda kakhulu ukuvikela isithunzi senkomo yayo engukheshi kunokulalela ubufakazi besayensi ngezinto zayo eziyingozi. UGillam ulunge kakhulu ekunikezeni izinto eziyinkimbinkimbi zobuntu obusemthethweni, okunezela obunye ubuntu endabeni kaJohnson… Ukwehliswa okugunyaziwe kwenhlangano okusobala ukuthi ayinandaba nempilo yomphakathi. ” - UKirkus

“UGillam ulandisa ngokubalwa kwesikhashana nenkampani enkulu imikhiqizo yayo ebimakethwa njengephephile kusukela ngawo-1970. Njengokubhekwa kokukhohlakala kwezinkampani kanye nokuqondiswa komthetho ezimweni ezibucayi, incwadi kaGillam iveza isidingo sokuvikelwa nokuphepha kwabathengi. ” - Uhlu lwezincwadi

“Kufundwe kahle, kuphendulwa ikhasi. Ngangikhathazeke ngokuphelele ngenkohliso, ukuhlanekezelwa, nokuntuleka kwenkambiso yenkampani. ” - ULinda S. Birnbaum, Owabe enguMqondisi, Isikhungo Sikazwelonke Sezesayensi Yezemvelo kanye noHlelo Lukazwelonke Lwezidakamizwa, kanye neScholar eResidence, eDuke University

"Incwadi enamandla ekhanyisa iMonsanto nabanye osekuyisikhathi eside bengathintwa!"
- UJohn Boyd Jr., uMsunguli noMongameli, iNational Black Farmers Association

Mayelana Nombhali

Intatheli ephenyayo uCarey Gillam uchithe iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-30 ebika ngeMelika yezinkampani, kubandakanya neminyaka eyi-17 esebenzela i-Reuters international agency. Incwadi yakhe yango-2017 emayelana nobungozi bezibulala-zinambuzane, iWhitewash: The Story of a Weed Killer, Cancer, and the Corruption of Science, iwine i-2018 Rachel Carson Book Award evela kwi-Society of Environmental Journalists futhi isiyingxenye yekharikhulamu kwezempilo eziningana zemvelo zaseyunivesithi. izinhlelo. UGillam njengamanje unguMqondisi Wokucwaninga weqembu labathengi elingenzi nzuzo i-US Right to Know futhi ubhala njengomnikeli we I-Guardian.

Isimemo sikaBayer sokuxazulula izimangalo zomdlavuza wase-US Roundup ziyaqhubeka

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Umnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG wenza inqubekela phambili ekuxazululeni izinkulungwane zamacala aseMelika alethwe ngabantu abathi bona noma abathandekayo babo baba nomdlavuza ngemuva kokuchayeka emithini yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto's Roundup.

Izincwadi zakamuva ezivela kubameli babamangali eziya kumakhasimende abo zigcizelele leyo nqubekelaphambili, eqinisekisa ukuthi iningi labamangali likhetha ukubamba iqhaza kulesi sikhokhelo, yize kunezikhalazo zabamangali abaningi zokuthi babhekene neziphakamiso zokukhokha ezincane ezingafanele.

Kwezinye izibalo, ukukhokhiswa okujwayelekile kuzoshiya isinxephezelo esincane, mhlawumbe izinkulungwane ezimbalwa zamaRandi, kubamangali ngabanye ngemuva kokukhokhwa kwemali yabameli kanye nezindleko ezithile zezokwelapha ezibuyiswayo.

Yize kunjalo, ngokwencwadi ethunyelwe kwabamangali ngasekupheleni kukaNovemba ngenye yamafemu abameli abahamba phambili enkantolo, ngaphezu kwamaphesenti angama-95 "wabamangali abafanelekile" banquma ukubamba iqhaza ohlelweni lokuxazulula okuxoxiswene ngalo nenkampani neBayer. “Umphathi wezindawo zokuhlala” manje unezinsuku ezingama-30 zokubuyekeza amacala bese eqinisekisa ukufaneleka kwabamangali ukuthola izimali zokuhlala, ngokusho kwezincwadi.

Abantu bangakhetha ukuphuma kuleso sivumelwano bese befaka izicelo zabo ekulamuleni, kulandelwe ukulamula okuyisibopho uma befisa noma bezama ukuthola ummeli omusha ozoqula icala labo. Labo bamangali bangaba nesikhathi esinzima sokuthola ummeli ozobasiza bathathe udaba lwabo baluse enkantolo ngoba amafemu abameli avumelana nokuxazululwa kweBayer avumile ukuthi angazami amanye amacala noma asize ekulingweni okuzayo.

Omunye ummangali, ocele ukungadalulwa ngegama ngenxa yobumfihlo bezinqubo zokukhokha, uthe uyaphuma kuleso sinqumo ngethemba lokuthola imali ethe xaxa ngokulamula noma ngecala elizayo. Uthe udinga ukuhlolwa okuqhubekayo nokwelashwa komdlavuza wakhe kanti nohlaka oluhlongozwayo lokuhlalisa abantu ngeke lumshiye ngalutho ukukhokhela lezo zindleko eziqhubekayo.

"IBayer ifuna ukukhululwa ngokukhokha imali encane ngangokunokwenzeka ngaphandle kokuya ecaleni," esho.

Ukulinganiselwa okulinganiselwe kokukhokhwa okujwayelekile kwemali ngayinye kummangali kungama- $ 165,000, abameli nabamangali abathintekayo ezingxoxweni bathe. Kepha abanye abamangali bangathola okuningi kakhulu, kanti abanye bathola okungaphansi, kuya ngemininingwane yecala labo. Kunemigomo eminingi yokunquma ukuthi ngubani ongabamba iqhaza ekukhokhelweni nokuthi ingakanani imali lowo muntu angayithola.

Ukuze afaneleke, umsebenzisi we-Roundup kufanele abe yisakhamuzi sase-US, kutholakale ukuthi une-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), futhi wadalulwa ku-Roundup okungenani unyaka owodwa ngaphambi kokutholakala ukuthi une-NHL.

Isivumelwano sokukhokha neBayer sizophela lapho umphathi eqinisekisa ukuthi ngaphezu kwamaphesenti angama-93 abafaka izicelo abafanelekile, ngokwemigomo yesivumelwano.

Uma umphathi wezokukhokha ethola ummangali engafanelekile, lowo mmangali unezinsuku ezingama-30 zokudlulisa isinqumo.

Kwabamangali ababhekwa njengabafanelekile umphathi wezindawo zokuhlala uzonikeza icala ngalinye amaphuzu amaningi ngokuya ngemibandela ethile. Inani lemali ummangali ngamunye azolithola lisuselwa kunani lamaphoyinti abalwe ngesimo sawo ngasinye.

Amaphuzu esisekelo asungulwa kusetshenziswa iminyaka yomuntu lowo ngesikhathi etholakala ukuthi une-NHL kanye nezinga lobunzima "bokulimala" njengoba kunqunywa izinga lokwelashwa nomphumela. Amazinga agijima u-1-5. Umuntu oshone nge-NHL unikezwa amaphuzu esisekelo ezingeni lesi-5, ngokwesibonelo. Amaphuzu amaningi anikezwa abantu abasha abahlushwa imijikelezo eminingi yokwelashwa kanye / noma abashona.

Ngaphezu kwamaphoyinti esisekelo, ukulungiswa kuvunyelwe okunikeza amaphuzu amaningi kubamangali ababenokuchayeka okuningi ku-Roundup. Kukhona nezibonelelo zamaphoyinti amaningi ezinhlobo ezithile ze-NHL. Abamangali abatholakale benohlobo lwe-NHL olubizwa nge-Primary Central Nervous System (CNS) lymphoma bathola ukukhushulwa ngamaphesenti ayi-10 kumanani abo, isibonelo.

Abantu futhi bangadonswa amaphuzu ngokususelwa ezicini ezithile. Nazi izibonelo ezithile ezithile ezivela kumatrix wamaphoyinti asungulwe ngecala le-Roundup:

  • Uma umsebenzisi womkhiqizo we-Roundup ashone ngaphambi kukaJanuwari 1, 2009, amaphuzu aphelele wesimangalo alethwe egameni lawo azokwehliswa ngamaphesenti angama-50.
  • Uma ummangali oshonile ebengenaye umlingani noma izingane ezincane ngesikhathi sokushona kwabo kudonswa amaphesenti angama-20.
  • Uma ummangali enomdlavuza wegazi ngaphambi kokusebenzisa i-Roundup amaphuzu abo anqunywa ngamaphesenti angama-30.
  • Uma isikhathi phakathi kokuchayeka kwe-Roundup kommangali nokutholakala kwe-NHL bekungaphansi kweminyaka emibili amaphuzu asikwa ngamaphesenti angama-20.

Izimali zokuhlala kufanele ziqale ukugelezela kubahlanganyeli entwasahlobo ngezinkokhelo zokugcina ezinethemba lokuthi zenziwe ehlobo, ngokusho kwabameli abathintekayo.

Abamangali nabo bangafaka izicelo zokuba yingxenye yesikhwama semali sokulimala esingajwayelekile, esakhelwe iqembu elincane labamangali abahlushwa ukulimala okukhulu okuhlobene neNHL. Isimangalo singafanelekela isikhwama sokulimala esingajwayelekile uma ukufa komuntu ku-NHL kwenzeka ngemuva kwezifundo ezintathu noma ngaphezulu ezigcwele ze-chemotherapy nezinye izindlela zokwelapha ezinolaka.

Kusukela ethenge iMonsanto e2018, iBayer ibisokola ukuthola ukuthi izophela kanjani enkantolo ebandakanya abamangali abangaphezu kuka-100,000 e-United States. Le nkampani ilahlekelwe yizo zonke izivivinyo ezintathu ebezibanjelwe kuze kube manje futhi ilahlekelwe yizikhalazo zokuqala ezifuna ukuguqula ukulahleka kwecala. Amajaji kwesinye nesinye sezivivinyo athola leyo kaMonsanto ukhula lwe-glyphosate-based, njengeRoundup, idala umdlavuza nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

Imiklomelo yamajaji ifinyelele ngaphezu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 2, yize izahlulelo ziyalelwe ukuthi zincishiswe ngamajaji asenkantolo yokuqulwa kwamacala.

Imizamo yenkampani yokuxazulula leli cala iye yabekelwa eceleni yingqinamba yokuthi zingasuswa kanjani izimangalo ezingalethwa ngokuzayo ngabantu ababa nomdlavuza ngemuva kokusebenzisa imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yenkampani.

Ukudluliswa Kwezilingo Kuyaqhubeka

Noma iBayer ihlose ukuqeda ukuvivinywa okuzayo ngamadola okukhokha, inkampani iyaqhubeka nokuzama ukuguqula imiphumela yezilingo ezintathu inkampani elahlekile.

Ekulahlekelweni kokuqala kwesivivinyo - Icala likaJohnson v. Monsanto - IBayer ilahlekelwe yimizamo yokuguqula amajaji athola ukuthi uMonsanto ubhekene nesifo somdlavuza kaJohnson ezingeni lenkantolo yokudlulisa amacala, kwathi ngo-Okthoba, iNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia unqabile ukubuyekeza icala.

IBayer manje inezinsuku eziyi-150 kusukela kuleso sinqumo sokucela ukuthi lolu daba luthathwe yiNkantolo Ephakeme yase-US. Le nkampani ayikasithathi isinqumo sokugcina mayelana nalesi sinyathelo, ngokusho komkhulumeli weBayer, kodwa iveze phambilini ukuthi ihlose ukuthatha lesi sinyathelo.

Uma iBayer ifaka isicelo eNkantolo Ephakeme yase-US, abameli bakaJohnson kulindeleke ukuthi bafake isicelo sokuphikisa esinemibandela becela inkantolo ukuthi ihlolisise izinyathelo zokwahlulela ezanciphisa umklomelo wamajaji kaJohnson kusuka ku- $ 289 million kuya ku- $ 20.5 million.

Amanye amacala enkantolo yaseBayer / Monsanto

Ngaphezu kwesikweletu uBayer abhekene nesibopho sakwaMonsanto sikaRoundup somdlavuza, inkampani ilwa nezikweletu zeMonsanto ezinkantolo zokungcola kwePCB nasenkingeni yokulimala kwezitshalo okubangelwe uhlelo lwezitshalo olususelwa ku-Micanto dicamba herbicide.

Ijaji lombuso eLos Angeles ngesonto eledlule wasenqaba isiphakamiso yiBayer ukukhokha imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 648 ukuxazulula amacala asezingeni elilethwe ngabamangali abasola ukungcoliswa okuvela kuma-biphenyls anezinwele, noma ama-PCB, enziwe iMonsanto.

Nangesonto eledlule, ijaji eliqulile icala le I-Bader Farms, Inc. v. Monsanto wenqaba iziphakamiso zikaBayer zokuqulwa kwecala elisha. Ijaji lisike umonakalo wokujeziswa onikezwe yijaji, noma kunjalo, kusuka ku- $ 250 million kuya ku- $ 60 million, kushiya umonakalo ongaphelele we $ 15 million, ngomklomelo ophelele ka- $ 75 million.

Amadokhumenti atholiwe ngokutholwa kwecala likaBader kuveze ukuthi iMonsanto ne-giant BASF yamakhemikhali babazi iminyaka ukuthi izinhlelo zabo zokwethula uhlelo lwembewu yezolimo kanye namakhemikhali olususelwa ku-dicamba kungenzeka ziholele emonakalweni emapulazini amaningi ase-US.

INkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia iphika ukubuyekezwa kokulahleka kwecala leMonsanto Roundup

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

INkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia ayizukubuyekeza ukunqoba kwecala lowesilisa waseCalifornia elanqoba iMonsanto, laphinde lahlasela umnikazi waseMonsanto waseGerman, uBayer AG.

The isinqumo sokwenqaba ukubuyekezwa ecaleni likaDewayne “Lee” Johnson umaka okwakamuva ochungechungeni lokulahlekelwa yinkantolo ngenxa Bayer njengoba izama ukuqeda izindawo zokuhlala nabamangali ababalelwa ku-100,000 XNUMX abathi ngamunye noma abathandekayo bakhe bathuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kusukela ekuchayekeni kwe-Roundup nabanye ababulali bokhula baseMonsanto. Amajaji ekuhlolweni ngakunye kwezintathu okubanjwe kuze kube manje awatholanga lokho kuphela kwenkampani ukhula lwe-glyphosate-based kubangela umdlavuza kepha nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

“Sidumele ngesinqumo seNkantolo sokungabuyekezi isinqumo senkantolo yokudlulisa enkantolo ephakathi Johnson sizobheka nezinqumo zethu zomthetho ukuze siqhubeke nokubuyekeza leli cala, ”kusho uBayer esitatimendeni.  

Inkampani kaMiller, Inkampani yabameli bakaJohnson eseVirginia, ithe isinqumo seNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia siphikile “umzamo kaMonsanto wakamuva wokweqa umthwalo” ngokudala umdlavuza kaJohnson.

“Amajaji amaningi manje asekuqinisekisile ukuvumelana ngazwi linye kwejaji ukuthi iMonsanto ifihle ngenhloso ingozi yomdlavuza kaRoundup futhi yabangela uMnu. Johnson ukuba abe nomdlavuza obulalayo. Isikhathi sesifikile sokuthi iMonsanto iqede izicelo zayo ezingenasisekelo futhi ikhokhele uMnu Johnson imali emukweleta yona, ”kusho le nkampani.

Ijaji elavumelana ngazwi linye elatholakala ngo-Agasti 2018 lokuthi ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto kwabangela ukuthi uJohnson athuthukise uhlobo olubulalayo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ijaji labuye lathola ukuthi iMonsanto yenza ukufihla ubungozi bemikhiqizo yayo ngokuziphatha ngendlela emangazayo kangangokuba inkampani kufanele ikhokhele uJohnson $ 250 million ngokulimala kokujezisa ngaphezu kuka- $ 39 wezigidi kumonakalo odlule nowesikhathi esizayo.

Ngemuva kokudluliswa kwesinqumo esivela eMonsanto, ijaji lecala lanciphisa imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 289 kuya ku- $ 78 million. Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ibe isinqamula lo mklomelo waba ngu- $ 20.5 million, icaphuna iqiniso lokuthi uJohnson kwakulindeleke ukuthi aphile isikhashana nje.

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ithe yehlise indondo yomonakalo ngaphandle kokuthola kwakukhona ubufakazi "obuningi" bokuthi i-glyphosate, kanye nezinye izithako emikhiqizweni yakwaRoundup, yabangela umdlavuza kaJohnson nokuthi "kwakukhona ubufakazi obuqand 'ikhanda bokuthi uJohnson wahlupheka, futhi usazoqhubeka nokuhlupheka impilo yakhe yonke, ubuhlungu obukhulu nokuhlupheka. ”

Bobabili uMonsanto noJohnson bafuna ukubuyekezwa yiNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia, uJohnson ecela ukubuyiselwa umklomelo omkhulu wokulimala kanti uMonsanto ufuna ukuguqula isinqumo senkantolo.

IBayer ifinyelele ezindaweni zokuhlala nezinkampani ezimbalwa ezihola phambili zabameli ezimele isabelo esikhulu sezimangalo ezilethwe iMonsanto. NgoJuni, iBayer yathi izonikeza u- $ 8.8 billion kuya ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula icala.

Abanye abamangali base-US Roundup bakwenqaba ukusayina amadili okuhlala eBayer; $ 160,000 ukukhokha okujwayelekile kubhekwe

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Abamangali ecaleni laseMelika le-Roundup baqala ukufunda imininingwane yalokho okushiwo yiBayer AG's $ 10 billion ukukhokhelwa kwezimangalo zomdlavuza empeleni kusho kubo ngamunye, futhi abanye abakuthandi abakubonayo.

Bayer kusho ngasekupheleni kukaJuni bekuxoxiswane ngezindawo zokuhlala nezinkampani zabammeli abakhulu abambalwa esivumelwaneni esizovala ngempumelelo iningi lezimangalo ezingaphezulu kuka-100,000 ezisalinde iMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer ngonyaka ka-2018. Abamangali abasenkantolo bathi bathuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ukuvezwa kwe-Roundup kaMonsanto namanye amakhemikhali okubulala ukhula enziwe ngekhemikhali elibizwa ngokuthi i-glyphosate, nokuthi iMonsanto yahlanganisa ubungozi.

Ngenkathi isivumelwano ekuqaleni sasibonakala njengezindaba ezinhle kubamangali - abanye asebenenkinga yeminyaka yokwelashwa komdlavuza nabanye abamangalela abashade nabo abangasekho - abaningi bathola ukuthi bangagcina bengenamali encane, kuya ngohlobo lwe izici. Amafemu abameli, noma kunjalo, ayengafaka ephaketheni amakhulu ezigidi zamaRandi.

“Kuyimpumelelo ezinkampanini zabameli nokushaywa ngempama ebusweni balabo abalimele” kusho omunye ummangali, ongathandanga negama lakhe.

Abamangali batshelwa ukuthi kumele banqume emasontweni ambalwa ezayo ukuthi bazokwamukela yini ukukhokhelwa, yize bengeke bazi ukuthi bazokhokhwa malini uqobo kuze kube kamuva. Zonke izivumelwano zokukhokhelwa ziyalela abamangali ukuthi bangakhulumi esidlangalaleni ngemininingwane, babasongele ngokujeziswa uma bexoxa ngezindawo zokuhlala nanoma ngubani omunye ngaphandle "kwamalungu omndeni asondele" noma umeluleki wezezimali.

Lokhu kuthukuthelise abanye abathi bacabanga ukwenqaba lezi zindawo ngenhloso yokufuna ezinye izinkampani zabameli ukuze ziphathe izicelo zabo. Le ntatheli ibuyekeze imibhalo ethunyelwe kubamangali abaningi.

Kulabo abavumayo, izinkokhelo zingenziwa ngaphambi kukaFebhuwari, noma inqubo yokukhokha bonke abamangali kulindeleke ukuthi yelule unyaka noma ngaphezulu. Ukuxhumana okuthunyelwe kusuka kumafemu abameli kuya kumakhasimende abo e-Roundup kudweba zombili inqubo umuntu ngamunye ohlaselwe ngumdlavuza azodinga ukuyenza ukuze athole ukukhokhelwa kwezezimali nokuthi lokho kukhokhelwa kungabiza ini. Imibandela yamadili iyahluka kusuka enkampanini yabameli kuya enkampanini yabameli, okusho ukuthi abamangali abakhona ngokufanayo bangagcina ngokuhlala ezindaweni ezihluke kakhulu.

Esinye sezivumelwano ezinamandla kubonakala sengathi esinye okuxoxiswene ngaso IMiller Firm, futhi nalokho kuyadumaza kwamanye amaklayenti wefemu. Kwezokuxhumana namakhasimende, inkampani ithi ikwazile ukuxoxisana cishe ngama- $ 849 wezigidi ezivela eBayer ukumboza izimangalo zamakhasimende angaphezu kuka-5,000 160,000 Roundup. Ifemu ilinganisela inani lemali ekhokhwayo ekhokhwayo kummangali ngamunye cishe kuma- $ XNUMX. Leyo mali iyonke izophinde yehliswe ngokudonswa kwemali yabameli nezindleko.

Yize izimali zabameli zingahluka ngokuqina nangommangali, abaningi ecaleni leRoundup bakhokhisa amaphesenti angama-30-40 ngemali ekhokhwayo.

Ukuze bakufanele ukukhokhelwa, abamangali kumele babe namarekhodi ezokwelapha asekela ukuxilongwa kwezinhlobo ezithile ze-non-Hodgkin lymphoma futhi bakwazi ukukhombisa ukuthi badalulwa okungenani unyaka ngaphambi kokutholakala kwabo.

IMiller Firm ibilokhu ihamba phambili ecaleni leRoundup kusukela ekuqaleni, ithola imibhalo eminingi yangaphakathi yeMonsanto esize ukunqoba zonke izilingo ezintathu zeRoundup ezigcinwe kuze kube manje. IMiller Firm isingathe ezimbili zalezo ziqulwa, yaletha abameli abasuka enkampanini yaseLos Angeles yaseBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman abazosiza ecaleni lika  UDewayne “Lee” Johnson ngemuva kokuba umsunguli weMiller Firm uMike Miller elimale kanzima engozini ngaphambi nje kokuthethwa kwecala. Amafemu womabili futhi asebenze ndawonye ekunqobeni icala labamangali bendoda nenkosikazi, U-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod. UJohnson uklonyeliswe ngama- $ 289 million kwathi amaPilliod aklonyeliswa ngaphezulu kwama- $ 2 billion yize abahluleli becala ecaleni ngalinye behlisa le miklomelo.

Ngasekuqaleni kwale nyanga, inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala eCalifornia wenqaba umzamo kaMonsanto ukuguqula isinqumo sikaJohnson, wakhipha isinqumo sokuthi kunobufakazi “obuningi” bokuthi imikhiqizo yakwaRoundup idale umdlavuza kaJohnson kodwa yehlisa umklomelo kaJohnson waba ngu- $ 20.5 million. Ukudluliswa kwamacala kusalindwe kwezinye izinqumo ezimbili ezibhekene neMonsanto.

Amagoli Abamangali

Ukunquma ukuthi ummangali ngamunye uthola malini ekuxazululeni iBayer, umphathi wesithathu uzokora umuntu ngamunye esebenzisa izinto ezibandakanya uhlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ummangali ngamunye athuthukile; ubudala bommangali lapho exilongwa; ubunzima besifo somdlavuza womuntu kanye nokwelashwa abakukhuthazelele; ezinye izinto eziyingozi; kanye nenani lokuchayeka ababenalo emithini yokubulala ukhula yeMonsanto.

Isici esisodwa sokuxazululwa okwabamba abamangali abaningi benganakile bekufunda ukuthi labo ekugcineni abathola imali kuBayer kuzofanele basebenzise izimali zabo ukubuyisa ingxenye yezindleko zemithi yabo yokwelapha umdlavuza ebikhokhelwa yiMedicare noma umshuwalense wangasese. Ngokunye ukwelashwa komdlavuza kufinyelela emakhulwini ezinkulungwane ngisho nasezigidini zamaRandi, lokho kungasula masinyane inkokhelo yommangali. Amafemu abameli aqoqa osonkontileka abavela eceleni abazoxoxisana nabanikezeli bemishwalense ukuthi bafune ukubuyiselwa imali enesaphulelo, abamangali batshelwe. Ngokuvamile kulolu hlobo lwamacala okuhlukumeza abantu abaningi, lezo zibopho zezokwelapha zingancishiswa kakhulu, kusho amafemu ezomthetho.

Kwesinye isici sesivumelwano esamukelwa ngabamangali, izindawo zokuhlala zizokwakhiwa ukugwema isikweletu sentela, ngokusho kwemininingwane enikezwe abamangali.

Izingozi Zokungahlali

Amafemu abameli kumele athole iningi labamangali babo ukuthi bavumelane nemibandela yezindawo zokuhlala ukuze baqhubeke. Ngokwolwazi olunikezwe abamangali, izindawo zokuhlala ziyafunwa manje ngenxa yobungozi obuningi obuhambisana nokuqhubeka nokwenza ezinye izilingo. Phakathi kwezingozi ezikhonjiwe:

  • IBayer isabise ngokufaka isicelo sokuqothuka, futhi uma inkampani ithathe leyo ndlela, ukulungisa izimangalo zeRoundup kungathatha isikhathi eside kakhulu futhi ekugcineni kungaholela emalini encane kakhulu yabamangali.
  • Inhlangano Yokuvikelwa Kwezemvelo (EPA) wakhipha incwadi ngo-Agasti odlule etshela uMonsanto ukuthi i-ejensi ngeke ivumele isexwayiso somdlavuza ku-Roundup. Lokho kusiza amathuba esikhathi esizayo kaMonsanto okunqoba enkantolo.
  • Ukubambezeleka kwenkantolo okuhlobene ne-Covid kusho ukuthi izivivinyo ezengeziwe ze-Roundup akunakwenzeka unyaka noma ngaphezulu.

Akuyona into engavamile ngabamangali abasenkantolo enkulu yokuhamba ngamacala amakhulu ukuba bahambe bedumele ngisho nezindawo ezibonakala zinkulu okuxoxiswene ngazo ngamacala abo. Incwadi ka-2019 “Iziphesheli zeMass Tort: Ukuxoxisana ngegumbi langemuva kumacala amaningi eMultidistrict”Ngu-Elizabeth Chamblee Burch, uSihlalo Wezomthetho we-Fuller E. Callaway e-University of Georgia, ubeka icala lokuthi ukuntuleka kwamasheke namabhalansi ezinkantolo zamacala amakhulu kuhlomulisa cishe wonke umuntu othintekayo ngaphandle kwabamangali.

UBurch ubeka njengesibonelo icala mayelana nomuthi we-acid-reflux Propulsid, futhi wathi uthole ukuthi kwabamangali abangu-6,012 abangena ohlelweni lokukhokha, bangu-37 kuphela abagcina bathole imali. Bonke abanye abakatholi zinkokhelo kodwa bese bevele bevumile ukuchitha amacala abo njengesimo sokungena ohlelweni lokukhokha. Labo bamangali abangama-37 bebonke bathola okungaphansi kancane kuka- $ 6.5 million (cishe ama- $ 175,000 umuntu ngamunye ngokwesilinganiso), ngenkathi amafemu abameli abahola phambili athola ama- $ 27 million, ngokusho kukaBurch,

Ukubeka eceleni lokho abamangali abangakwenza noma abangakwazi ukuhamba nabo, abanye ababukeli bezomthetho abasondele ecaleni le-Roundup litigation bathi kube nokuhle okukhulu okutholakele ngokudalulwa kokwenza okubi kwenkampani nguMonsanto.

Phakathi kobufakazi obuye bavela ngaleli cala kukhona nemibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ekhombisa ukuthi le nkampani yakhelwe ukushicilelwa kwamaphepha esayensi abonakala ngamanga ukuthi enziwa ososayensi abazimele kuphela; ukuxhaswa, nokusebenzisana, namaqembu angaphambili asetshenziselwe ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi ababika ingozi ngemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto; nokusebenzisana nezikhulu ezithile ngaphakathi kwe-Environmental Protection Agency (i-EPA) ukuvikela nokuphakamisa isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuthi imikhiqizo yayo ayibanga umdlavuza.

Amazwe amaningana emhlabeni jikelele, kanye nohulumeni basekhaya kanye nezifunda zesikole, bathuthele ekunqandeni i-glyphosate herbicides, kanye / noma eminye imishanguzo yokubulala izinambuzane ngenxa yezambulo zecala leRoundup.

(Indaba iqale yavela ku- Izindaba Zempilo Yezemvelo.)

IBayer ihlehla ohlelweni lokuqukethe izimangalo zomdlavuza zeRoundup ezizayo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Umnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG uhlehla ohlelweni lokuqukatha izimangalo zomdlavuza zeRoundup zesikhathi esizayo ngemuva kokuthi ijaji lombuso likubeke kwacaca ukuthi ngeke lisamukele lolu hlelo, oluzobambezela izilingo ezintsha futhi linciphise nokuthathwa kwezinqumo zamajaji.

Uhlelo lwahlanganiswa nguBayer neqembu elincane labameli lafakwa ngenyanga edlule eNkantolo yesiFunda e-US esiFundeni saseNyakatho saseCalifornia njengengxenye yomzamo weBayer wokuqeda ukuqulwa kwamacala osekuholele ekulahlekelweni kathathu ezinkantolo ezintathu zamajaji, okumangazayo imiklomelo yomonakalo wokujeziswa nokunganeliseki kwabaninimasheya. Abantu abangaphezu kwe-100,000 e-United States bathi ukuvezwa kwe-Monsanto's glyphosate-based Roundup herbicides kubangele ukuthi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) nokuthi iMonsanto kudala yazi futhi yafihla izingozi zomdlavuza.

NgoMsombuluko iJaji uVince Chhabria ikhiphe umyalo ukubeka ukulalelwa kwalolu daba ngoJulayi 24 futhi wakwenza kucace ukuthi ngeke alwamukele uhlelo lokukhokhelwa. "Wayengabaza ukufaneleka nobulungiswa bendawo yokuhlala ehlongozwayo," kubhala uChabria kulo myalelo.

Ngaphambi kwesinqumo sejaji, amaqembu amaningi afake izaziso zokuphikisana nohlelo lweBayer; icaphuna “ukuphambuka okukhulu emikhubeni ejwayelekile” wabiza indawo yokuhlala ehlongozwayo.

Eziphendulela, ngoLwesithathu iqembu labameli ebelihlele isivumelwano neBayer wafaka isaziso sokuhoxa kwecebo labo.

Uhlelo lokukhokhelwa okuhlongozwayo lwamacala ezinyathelo zesikhathi esizayo lwaluhlukile esivumelwaneni sokukhokha uBayer asenza nabameli babamangali asebevele bafaka amacala futhi enzelwe ukusiza iBayer ukuba iqukathe futhi iphathe isikweletu esizayo. Ngaphansi kwesakhiwo esihlanganiswe yiBayer kanye neqembu elincane labameli babamangali ukulungiswa kwesenzo sekilasi bekuzosebenza kunoma ngubani odalulwe ku-Roundup ongazange afake icala noma agcine ummeli kusukela ngoJuni 24, 2020, noma ngabe lokho umuntu usevele utholakale enomdlavuza abakholelwa ukuthi kungenxa yokuchayeka kweRoundup.

Lolu hlelo beluzobambezela ukufakwa kwamacala amasha iminyaka emine, futhi lucele ukuthi kusungulwe “iphaneli lesayensi” elinamalungu amahlanu elizothatha noma ikuphi okutholakele esikhathini esizayo mayelana nezicelo zomdlavuza ezandleni zamajaji. Esikhundleni salokho, kuzosungulwa i- “Class Science Panel” ezonquma ukuthi ngabe i-Roundup ingadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, futhi uma kunjalo, ngamazinga aphansi okuvezwa. IBayer izokwazi ukuqoka amalungu amabili kwamaphaneli amahlanu. Uma ngabe iphaneli linqume ukuthi akukho ukuxhumana okuyimbangela phakathi kwe-Roundup ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma lapho-ke amalungu ekilasi azovinjelwa ekufuneni okuzayo esikhathini esizayo.

IJaji uChhabria waphikisana nawo wonke umqondo wesigungu sesayensi. Ku-oda lakhe, ijaji labhala:

“Endaweni lapho kungenzeka ukuthi isayensi ithuthuka, bekungafaneleka kanjani ukuthi kuvalwe isinqumo esivela kuphaneli lososayensi kuwo wonke amacala azayo? Ukuhlola, cabanga ukuthi iphaneli linquma ngo-2023 ukuthi i-Roundup ayikwazi ukudala umdlavuza. Bese ucabanga ukuthi isifundo esisha, esinokwethenjelwa sishicilelwe ngo-2028 okusicekela phansi kakhulu isiphetho sephaneli. Uma umsebenzisi we-Roundup kutholakala ukuthi une-NHL ngo-2030, kufanelekile yini ukubatshela ukuthi baboshwe yisinqumo sephaneli sango-2023 ngoba akazange aphume esivumelwaneni ngo-2020? ”

IBayer ithe izobeka eceleni u- $ 1.25 billion ngaleli lungiselelo. Le mali izosetshenziselwa ukunxephezela amalungu ekilasi atholakale ene-NHL "ngemiphumela yokulibaziseka" kwamacala, nokuxhasa ucwaningo ngokutholakala nokwelashwa kwe-NHL, phakathi kokunye.

Abameli babamangali ababeka lolu hlelo ndawonye neBayer bama ukwenza imali engaphezu kwezigidi ezingama- $ 150 ngemali ekhokhwa yiBayer. Akuwona amafemu abameli afanayo ahole ukumangalelwa kuze kube manje. Leli qembu lamafemu omthetho lifaka phakathi uLieff Cabraser Heimann & Bernstein; Ukucwaningwa kwamabhuku & nozakwethu; I-Dugan Law Firm; nommeli uSamuel Issacharoff, uReiss Professor wezomthetho-sisekelo eNew York University School of Law.

Amalungu amaningana ezinkampani zabameli abahola phambili abawine izivivinyo ezintathu zomdlavuza weRoundup aphikisana nohlelo lokuxazululwa kwezigaba ezihlongozwayo, bethi luzonciphisa abamangali besikhathi esizayo amalungelo abo ngenkathi kunothisa labo abanye abameli abebengakaze babe phambili ecaleni leRoundup.

Akucaci ukuthi ukuhoxiswa kwalolu hlelo lokuhlonza izigaba ezihlongozwayo kungaba nomthelela onjani ekuhlawulisweni okukhulu kwezimangalo ezikhona. Bayer kusho inyanga edlule izokhokha kuze kufike ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula cishe amaphesenti angama-75 ezicelo zamanje futhi izoqhubeka nokusebenza ukuxazulula okusele. Lokho kukhokhelwa akudingi ukuvunywa yinkantolo.

IBayer ikhiphe isitatimende ngoLwesithathu ithi ihlale "izibophezele kakhulu esinqumweni esizobhekana ngasikhathi sinye namacala afanele kanye nesisombululo esisebenzayo sokuphatha nokuxazulula amacala angaba khona esikhathini esizayo."

Inkantolo iyakwenama ukuhlawuliswa kukaBayer okuhlongozwayo ngezigaba

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ijaji likahulumeni ngoMsombuluko belinamagama ahlabayo ngohlelo lukaBayer AG lokulibazisa amacala omdlavuza weRoundup angaba khona kanye nokuvimba izivivinyo zamajaji, egxeka isiphakamiso esingajwayelekile esenziwe yiBayer neqembu elincane labameli babamangali njengokuthi kungenzeka kube kungahambisani nomthethosisekelo.

“INkantolo iyakungabaza ukufaneleka nokulunga kwalesi sivumelwano esihlongozwayo, futhi ithambekele ekuphikiseni lesi sicelo,” kufundeka umyalelo wokuqala okhishwe yiJaji uVince Chhabria weNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US esiFundeni esiseNyakatho neCalifornia. Isikhundla sejaji sibukeka siyishaya ngamandla iBayer nemizamo yenkampani yokuxazulula ifa lamacala abhekene neMonsanto, iBayer eyathenga eminyakeni emibili eyedlule.

Abantu abangaphezu kwe-100,000 e-United States bathi ukuvezwa kwe-Monsanto's glyphosate-based Roundup herbicides kubangele ukuthi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) nokuthi iMonsanto kudala yazi futhi yafihla izingozi zomdlavuza.

Izilingo ezintathu zamajaji ziye zabanjwa eminyakeni emibili eyedlule kanti iMonsanto yalahlekelwa yibo bobathathu ngamajaji anikezela ngaphezu kuka- $ 2 billion kumonakalo. Wonke amacala manje asedlulisiwe futhi iBayer ibilokhu ihilizisana ukugwema ukuqulwa kwecala labasizi besikhathi esizayo.

Ngenyanga edlule iBayer ithe ikwenzile izivumelwano ezifinyelelwe ukuxazulula iningi lamacala afakwe njengamanje futhi abhale uhlelo lokusingatha amacala okungenzeka ukuthi azofakwa ngokuzayo. Ukusingatha le nkantolo njengamanje uBayer uthe kuzokhokha imali efinyelela ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula cishe amaphesenti angama-75 ezicelo zamanje futhi uzoqhubeka nokusebenza ukuxazulula okusele.

Ehlelweni lokusingatha amacala angaba khona esikhathi esizayo, IBayer ithe isebenzisana neqembu elincane labameli babamangali abamele ukwenza imali engaphezu kwamaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-150 ngenhloso yokuvumelana “nokuma” kweminyaka emine emacaleni okufaka amaphepha. Lolu hlelo luzosebenza kubantu abangatholwa ngokuzayo nge-NHL abakholelwa ukuthi kungenxa yokuchayeka kwe-Roundup. Ngokuphikisana nokukhokhwa kukaMonsanto ngamacala asalindile, ukukhokhelwa kwalesi senzo esisha "sekusasa" kudinga ukuvunywa yinkantolo.

Ngaphezu kokubambezela izivivinyo eziningi, isivumelwano sidinga ukuthi kusungulwe “iphaneli lesayensi” elinamalungu amahlanu elizothatha noma ikuphi okutholakele esikhathini esizayo ngezimangalo zomdlavuza ezandleni zamajaji. Esikhundleni salokho, kuzokwakhiwa i- “Class Science Panel” ezonquma ukuthi ngabe i-Roundup ingadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, futhi uma kunjalo, ngamazinga aphansi okuvezwa. IBayer izokwazi ukuqoka amalungu amabili kwamaphaneli amahlanu. Uma ngabe iphaneli linqume ukuthi akukho ukuxhumana okuyimbangela phakathi kwe-Roundup ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma lapho-ke amalungu ekilasi azovinjelwa ekufuneni okuzayo esikhathini esizayo.

Amalungu amaningana ezinkampani zabameli abahola phambili abawine izivivinyo ezintathu zomdlavuza weRoundup aphikisana nohlelo oluhlongozwayo lokuxazulula izinyathelo, bethi luzophuca abamangali besikhathi esizayo amalungelo abo ngenkathi kunothisa idlanzana labammeli abebengakaze babe phambili ecaleni leRoundup.

Lolu hlelo ludinga ukuvunywa kweJaji uChhabria, kodwa umyalelo okhishwe ngoMsombuluko ukhombise ukuthi akahlelile ukunikeza imvume.

“Endaweni lapho isayensi ingahle ithuthuke, bekungafaneleka kanjani ukukhiya i-
isinqumo esivela eqenjini lososayensi kuwo wonke amacala azayo? ” kubuza ijaji ngokulandelana kwalo.

Ijaji lithe lizobamba ukulalelwa ngoJulayi 24 ngesicelo sokuphasiswa kokuqala kokuxazululwa kwesenzo sabantu abasesigabeni. "Uma kubhekwa ukungabaza kweNkantolo njengamanje, kungaphikisana nentshisekelo yawo wonke umuntu ukubambezela ukulalelwa kwamacala ngaphambi kokuthola imvume yokuqala," ubhale kanjalo.

Ngezansi kwengcaphuno yomyalo wejaji:

IBayer ixazulula icala le-US Roundup, dicamba kanye ne-PCB ngemali engaphezu kwama- $ 10 billion

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ekuhlanzweni okubizayo kwezinkinga zamacala eMonsanto, iBayer AG ithe ngoLwesithathu izokhokha imali engaphezu kwamaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyishumi ukuxazulula amashumi ezinkulungwane zezimangalo zaseMelika ezilethwe iMonsanto nge-Roundup herbicide, kanye namaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-10 ukuxazulula amacala ngaphezu kweMonsanto i-dicamba herbicide kanye ne- $ 400 million yezimangalo zokungcola kwe-PCB.

Izinqumo kuza eminyakeni emibili ngemuva kokuthi iBayer ithenge iMonsanto ngamaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-63 futhi cishe ngokushesha yabona ukwehla kwamanani ezabelo ngenxa yesikweletu seRoundup.

IBayer imemezele ukuthi izokhokha imali eyizigidigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyisi-RNUMX ukuxazulula cishe amaphesenti angama-10.1 wezimangalo zabantu abalinganiselwa kwabangu-10.9 abasola ukutholakala kwababulali bokhula baseMonsanto bakaRoundup ababangele ukuba bahlakulele i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Lesi sivumelwano sibandakanya abamangali abagcine abameli ngenhloso yokufaka amacala kodwa amacala abo engakafakwa, kusho uBayer. Ngaphakathi kwenani eliphelele, ukukhokhwa kwe- $ 75 billion kuya ku- $ 125,000 billion kuzoxazulula amacala akhona manje kanti u- $ 8.8 billion ubekelwa eceleni ukuxhasa amacala angaba khona esikhathini esizayo, kusho inkampani.

Abamangali abafakiwe kulesi sivumelwano yilabo abasayinwe namafemu abelokhu behola i-Roundup federal multi-district litigation (MDL) kanti bahlanganisa iMiller Firm yaseVirginia, inkampani yaseBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman yaseLos Angeles kanye ne-Andrus Wagstaff firm waseDenver, eColorado.

"Ngemuva kweminyaka yamacala abalwa kanzima kanye nonyaka wokulamula okukhulu ngiyajabula ukubona amakhasimende ethu esezonxeshezelwa," kusho uMike Miller, wenkampani yabameli bakwaMiller.

Inkampani yakwaMiller kanye neBaum Hedlund basebenze ngokubambisana ukunqoba icala lokuqala lokuqulwa kwecala, lelo lika-Dewayne “Lee” Johnson wase-California. U-Andrus Wagstaff unqobe ukuqulwa kwecala lesibili kwathi iMiller Firm yalinqoba icala lesithathu lokuthi liqulwe. Sekukonke, lezi zilingo ezintathu zaholela ekutheni izinqumo zabasizi zifinyelele ngaphezu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 2.3, yize abahluleli ecaleni ngalinye behlisa izinqumo.

Amajaji kuzo zonke lezi zivivinyo ezintathu athola ukuthi ama-herbicides kaMonsanto, njenge-Roundup, abangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi iMonsanto yahlanganisa izingozi futhi yehluleka ukuxwayisa abasebenzisi.

Isigwebo ngasinye kulawa mathathu sesidlula kwinqubo yokudluliswa kwamacala manje kanti uBayer uthe abamangali kulawo macala abafakiwe esivumelwaneni.

UBayer uthe izimangalo zeRoundup zesikhathi esizayo zizoba yingxenye yesivumelwano sekilasi esivunyelwe yiJaji uVince Chhabria weNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US esiFundeni saseNyakatho saseCalifornia, owayalela inqubo yokulamula yonyaka wonke eyaholela ekuxazululeni.

Isivumelwano sizothatha noma yikuphi okutholakele esikhathini esizayo mayelana nezicelo zomdlavuza ezandleni zamajaji, kusho uBayer. Esikhundleni salokho, kuzoba nokwakhiwa kwe "Class Science Panel" ezimele. IClass Science Panel izonquma ukuthi ngabe i-Roundup ingadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, futhi uma kunjalo, ngamazinga aphansi okuvezwa. Bobabili abamangali besenzo sekilasi neBayer bazoboshwa ukuzimisela kweClass Science Panel. Uma iClass Science Panel inquma ukuthi alukho uxhumano oluyimbangela phakathi kweRoundup ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma lapho-ke amalungu ekilasi azovinjelwa ukuthi afune ngenye indlela kunoma yiliphi icala elizayo elibhekene neBayer.

UBayer uthe ukuzimisela kweClass Science Panel kulindeleke ukuthi kuthathe iminyaka eminingana futhi amalungu ekilasi ngeke avunyelwe ukuqhubeka nezimangalo zeRoundup ngaphambi kwalesi sinqumo. Futhi abakwazi ukufuna umonakalo wokujeziswa, kusho uBayer.

"Izivumelwano zeRoundup ™ zakhiwe njengesinqumo esakhayo nesifanelekile enkantolo eyingqayizivele," kusho uKenneth R. Feinberg, umlamuli oqokwe yinkantolo wezingxoxo zokuhlala.

Ngisho nalapho bememezela ukukhokhiswa, izikhulu zeBayer zaqhubeka nokuphika ukuthi i-glyphosate herbicides kaMonsanto ibangela umdlavuza.

"Iningi lesayensi likhomba ukuthi iRoundup ayiwudali umdlavuza, ngakho-ke, akuyena obhekene nezifo okusolakala ukuthi zibhekene naleli cala," kusho isikhulu seBayer uWerner Baumann esitatimendeni.

Ukusebenzisana kukaDicamba

I-Bayer iphinde yamemezela isivumelwano se-mass tort sokuxazulula amacala e-US dicamba drift, okubandakanya izimangalo ezivela kubalimi ezisebenzisa ama-dicamba herbicides akhiqizwe yi-Monsanto ne-BASF ukuthi afuthwe ngezitshalo ezibekezelela i-dicamba ezakhiwe yi-Monsanto zidale ukulahleka nokulimala kwezitshalo okwandile.

Ekulingweni ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka, iMonsanto kwathiwa akhokhe $ 265 million kumlimi wamapentshisi waseMissouri ngomonakalo we-dicamba drift engadini yakhe yezithelo.

Bangaphezu kwekhulu abanye abalimi abafake izicelo ezifanayo zomthetho. IBayer ithe izokhokha imali efinyelela ezigidini ezingama- $ 100 ukuxazulula udaba lwamacala ezifundazwe ezehlukene ezisalindwe eNkantolo yesiFunda saseMelika esifundeni saseMpumalanga yeMissouri, nezicelo zeminyaka yokulima ka-400-2015. Abamangali kuzodingeka ukuthi banikeze ubufakazi bokulimala komkhiqizo wezitshalo nobufakazi bokuthi bekufanele kungenxa yedicamba ukuze iqoqwe. Le nkampani ilindele umnikelo ovela kummangalelwa kanye nayo, i-BASF, kule ndawo yokuhlala.

Lesi sivumelwano sizohlinzeka "ngezinsizakusebenza ezidingeka kakhulu kubalimi" abake balahlekelwa isivuno ngenxa yokukhukhula kwemithi yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba, kusho ummeli uJoseph Peiffer wenkampani yabameli bePeiffer Wolf, emele abalimi abanezimangalo ze-dicamba.

"Isivumelwano esimenyezelwe namuhla yisinyathelo esibalulekile sokwenza izinto zilunge kubalimi abafuna nje ukuthi bakwazi ukubeka ukudla etafuleni laseMelika nasemhlabeni," kusho uPeiffer.

Ekuqaleni kwalenyanga a inkantolo yenhlangano yanquma ukuthi i-Environmental Protection Agency yephule umthetho ngesikhathi ivuma ama-dicamba herbicides enziwe yiMonsanto, BASF kanye neCorteva Agriscience. Inkantolo ithole i-EPA ingazinaki izingozi zomonakalo we-dicamba.

Indawo Yokungcola Kwe-PCB

IBayer iphinde yamemezela uchungechunge lwezivumelwano ezixazulula amacala inkampani ethe zimelela kakhulu ukutholakala kwayo ezinkantolo ezibandakanya ukungcoliswa kwamanzi yi-PCB, okwenziwa yiMonsanto kwaze kwaba ngu-1977. Isivumelwano esisodwa sisungula isigaba esifaka bonke ohulumeni basekhaya abanezimvume ze-EPA ezibandakanya ukukhishwa kwamanzi okungakhubazekile Ama-PCB. IBayer ithe izokhokha isamba semali elinganiselwa ku- $ 650 million ekilasini, okuzodingeka ukuthi inkantolo ivume.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, iBayer ithe ingene ezivumelwaneni ezihlukene noMmeli-Jikelele waseNew Mexico, Washington, kanye ne-District of Columbia ukuxazulula izimangalo ze-PCB. Kulezi zivumelwano, ezihlukile ekilasini, iBayer izokhokha ngokuphelele cishe amaRandi ayizigidi eziyi-170.

UBayer uthe ukuphuma kwemali okungahle kube khona ngeke kweqe amaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-5 ngonyaka wezi-2020 kanye namaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-5 ngonyaka wezi-2021 ngemali esele esele izokhokhwa ngo-2022 noma kamuva.

Ummeli we-Roundup womdlavuza ulivuma icala lokuzama ukuqola

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ummeli waseVirginia owasiza ukumela ummangali wokuqala womdlavuza weRoundup ukuthatha uMonsanto ayokumangalela ecaleni wavuma icala ngoLwesihlanu ngokuzama ukudlulisa imali engamaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-200 kumthengisi wezinkampani zamakhemikhali aye eMonsanto.

UTimothy Litzenburg, 38, wavuma uhlelo lapho yena nomunye ummeli babesabisa khona ngokuthi bazolimaza kakhulu umphakeli ngaphandle kokuthi leyo nkampani ikhokhele abameli ababili imali efinyelela ezigidini ezingama-200 ezifihliwe "njengesivumelwano sokubonisana."

Ngokusho eMnyangweni Wezobulungiswa wase-US, ILitzenburg kusolakala ukuthi itshele inkampani ukuthi uma beyikhokha le mali, ubezimisele "ukudilika" ngesikhathi efaka imali, ehlose ngamabomu amathuba okuba abamangali besikhathi esizayo bazame ukumangalela.

ILitzenburg ibekwe icala elilodwa lokuzama ukukhwabanisa, ukwakha itulo nokudlulisa ukuxhumana kwangaphakathi ngenhloso yokuqola. Yena wavuma unecala kwesinye isibalo sokudlulisa ukuxhumana kwangaphakathi ngenhloso yokuqola.

Ummeli uDaniel Kincheloe, 41, wavuma unecala ukukhokhiswa okufanayo ngokuhlanganyela kulolu hlelo. La madoda kuhlelwe ukuthi agwetshwe ngomhlaka-18 Septhemba eNkantolo yesiFunda e-US esifundeni saseWestern Virginia.

"Lesi yisimo lapho abameli ababili beshaye khona badlula umugqa wommeli onolaka futhi bawela bangena endaweni yokuqola okungekho emthethweni, emzamweni wobudlabha wokuzicebisa ngokukhipha izigidi zamadola enkampanini yezizwe ngezizwe," Umsizi Wommeli Jikelele uBrian A. UBenczkowski esitatimendeni. Uthe isicelo sikhombisa ukuthi "uma kwenziwa ubugebengu, amalungu ebhawa, njengawo wonke amalungu omphakathi, azobhekana nezenzo zawo."

ILitzenburg ibingomunye wabameli bakaDewayne “Lee” Johnson okwaholela ecaleni likaJohnson lika-2018 lokulwa neMonsanto, okwaholela ekutheni $ 289 million amajaji kuvuna uJohnson. (Ijaji kuleli cala lehlisa isinqumo futhi icala selidlulisiwe.)

Ukuqulwa kwecala bekungelokuqala kwezintathu ezenzekile ngokumelene neMonsanto ngezinsolo zokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yenkampani efana ne-Roundup ibanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. IMonsanto, kanye nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG, balahlekelwe yizo zontathu lezi zilingo kuze kube manje kodwa badlulisa izinqumo.

Yize uLitzenburg ayesizile ukulungiselela uJohnson ukuqulwa kwecala, wayengavunyelwe ukubamba iqhaza ngesikhathi somcimbi ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngokuziphatha kwakhe okwakuphethwe yiMiller Firm, okwakungumqashi wakhe ngaleso sikhathi.

Inkampani yaseMiller ngabuye ngaxoshwa ILitzenburg futhi wafaka icala ekuqaleni kuka-2019 esola iLitzenburg ukuthi ibizenzela izinto zayo, kanye "nokuziphatha okungathembekile nokungahambi kahle." ILitzenburg iphendule ngo ukuphikisa isimangalo. Amaqembu axoxisana ngesivumelwano esiyimfihlo.

Isikhalazo sobugebengu esasibhekene neLitzenburg asizange sisho ukuthi inkampani iLezzenburg yazama ukuqola, kodwa yathi yaxhumana nale nkampani ngoSepthemba ka-2019 ngonyaka ithi yayilungiselela icala elalizosola ukuthi inkampani yahlinzeka ngamakhemikhali asetshenziswa iMonsanto ukudala iRoundup nokuthi inkampani beyazi ukuthi izithako ziyi-carcinogenic kodwa yehlulekile ukuxwayisa umphakathi.

Ngokwamacala ombuso, uLitzenburg utshele ummeli wale nkampani ukuthi uzama ukuqola ukuthi inkampani kumele ingene “ezinhlelweni zokubonisana” naye ukuze kudaleke ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo okuzomvimba ekutheni afake icala elisabekayo.

U-Litzenburg ubhale ku-imeyili ukuthi isivumelwano sokubonisana naye kanye nozakwabo esingu- $ 200 million “siyinani elifanele kakhulu,” ngokusho kwesikhalazo sobugebengu.

Abaphenyi bakahulumeni babhala ucingo neLetzenburg bexoxa ngezigidi ezingama- $ 200 ayezifuna, kusho isikhalazo. ILitzenburg kusolakala ukuthi yaqoshwa yathi: “Indlela engicabanga ukuthi niyacabanga ngayo futhi nicabange ngayo wukulondolozela uhlangothi lwenu. Angicabangi ukuthi lokhu kufakwa bese kuguqulwa kube yi-mass tort, noma ngabe nina niwina amacala bese nishayela inani eliphansi… Angicabangi ukuthi ikhona indlela yokuphuma kukho ngemali engaphansi kwezigidigidi zamaRandi. Ngakho-ke, niyazi, kimi, hawu, lena yintengo yokuthengisa umlilo okufanele niyicabangele… ”

ILitzenburg ithi imele cishe amakhasimende ayi-1,000 XNUMX amangalela iMonsanto ngezinsolo zomdlavuza weRoundup ngesikhathi eboshwa ngonyaka odlule.

Amaphepha eDicamba: Imibhalo Eyisihluthulelo Nokuhlaziywa

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Inqwaba yabalimi ezungeze i-United States imangalela iMonsanto Co yangaphambili, eyathengwa ngo-2018 yiBayer AG, kanye ne-congresserate BASF ngomzamo wokwenza izinkampani ziphendule ngezigidi zamahektare omonakalo wezitshalo abalimi abathi zibangelwa ukusetshenziswa okungekho emthethweni okusetshenzisiwe i ukhula lubulala i-dicamba yamakhemikhali, ukusetshenziswa okukhuthazwa yizinkampani.

Icala lokuqala ukuthethwa kwecala laxabanisa izinkampani zaseMissouri eziphathelene nezinkampani kwaholela ekutheni kukhishwe isinqumo esiyizigidi ezingama- $ 265 ezinkampanini. I- amajaji aklonyelisiwe $ 15 million kumonakalo wokunxephezela kanye nezigidi ezingama- $ 250 kumonakalo wokujezisa.

Icala lifakwe enkantolo ye- Inkantolo Yesifunda Sase-US Yesifunda SaseMpumalanga yeMissouri, Southeastern Division, Idokodo Lombuso # 1: 16-cv-00299-SNLJ. Abanikazi beBader Farms basola ukuthi izinkampani zakha uzungu lokudala "inhlekelele yezemvelo" ezokwengeza abalimi ukuthi bathenge imbewu ebekezelela i-dicamba. Imibhalo esemqoka evela kulelo cala ingatholakala ngezansi.

Ihhovisi le-EPA loMhloli Jikelele (i-OIG) uhlela ukuphenya ukugunyazwa kwe-ejensi yemithi emisha yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba ukuthola ukuthi ngabe i-EPA iyayilandela yini imigomo yenhlangano kanye "nezimiso ezizwakalayo ngokwesayensi" ngenkathi ibhalisa ama-dicamba herbicides amasha.

Isenzo Sombuso

Ngokwehlukana, ngoJuni 3, 2020. INkantolo Yokudluliswa Kwamacala yase-US Yesekethe Lesishiyagalolunye yathi i-Environmental Protection Agency yephule umthetho ngokuvumela ukubulawa kwe-dicamba okwenziwe yiBayer, BASF kanye neCorteva Agrisciences kanye kuguqulwe ukugunyazwa yi-ejensi wemithi yokubulala ukhula ethandwayo esuselwa ku-dicamba eyenziwe yizigebenga ezintathu zamakhemikhali. Lesi sinqumo sikwenze kwaba semthethweni ukuthi abalimi baqhubeke nokusebenzisa lo mkhiqizo.

Kodwa i-EPA yasishaya indiva isinqumo senkantolo, yakhipha isaziso ngoJuni 8 kusho lokho Abalimi bangaqhubeka nokusebenzisa imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yezinkampani kuze kube nguJulayi 31, yize inkantolo isho ngokukhethekile ngokulandelana kwayo ukuthi ibingafuni ukubambezeleka ekuphumeni lokho kugunyazwa. Inkantolo ibalule umonakalo owenziwe ukusetshenziswa kwe-dicamba ehlobo elidlule ezigidini zamahektare ezitshalo, izivande neziza zemifino ezweni lonke lase-US.

Ngo-June 11, i-2020, abakhongi ecaleni wafaka isimangalo esiphuthumayo ukufuna ukuphoqelela umyalelo wenkantolo nokubamba i-EPA ngendelelo. Izinhlangano eziningi zamapulazi zijoyine iCorteva, iBayer neBASF ekuceleni inkantolo ukuthi ingaphoqeleli ngokushesha ukuvinjelwa. Imibhalo itholakala ngezansi.

Background

I-Dicamba ibisetshenziswa ngabalimi kusukela ngeminyaka yama-1960 kodwa ngemikhawulo ebicubungule ukuthambekela kwamakhemikhali ukukhukhumala nokuthambeka- kusuka kude lapho kufuthwe khona. Ngenkathi imikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula yaseMonsanto ethandwayo, efana neRoundup, iqala ukuphelelwa ngamandla ngenxa yokuphikiswa kokhula okusakazekile, uMonsanto wanquma ukwethula uhlelo lokutshala i-dicamba olufana nohlelo lwalo oludumile lweRoundup Ready, olwalubhanqa imbewu ebekezelela i-glyphosate ne-glyphosate herbicides. Abalimi abathenga imbewu entsha ebekezelela izakhi zofuzo i-dicamba bangaphatha kalula ukhula olunenkani ngokufafaza amasimu wonke nge-dicamba, noma ngabe izinyanga zikhula ngokufudumele, ngaphandle kokulimaza izitshalo zabo. IMonsanto umemezele ukusebenzisana ne-BASF ngo-2011. Lezi zinkampani zithe imishanguzo yabo emisha ye-dicamba izobe incipha kakhulu futhi ingathambeki kangako kunezindlela ezindala ze-dicamba.

I-Environmental Protection Agency yavuma ukusetshenziswa kwe-Monsanto's dicamba herbicide “XtendiMax” ngo-2016. I-BASF yathuthukisa eyayo i-dicamba herbicide eyibiza nge-Engenia. Kokubili i-XtendiMax ne-Engenia zathengiswa okokuqala e-United States ngo-2017.

IMonsanto iqale ukuthengisa imbewu yayo ebekezelela i-dicamba ngonyaka we-2016, futhi isimangalo esibalulekile sabamangali ukuthi ukuthengisa imbewu ngaphambi kokuvunyelwa kokulawulwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula entsha ye-dicamba kukhuthaze abalimi ukuthi bafafaze amasimu ngezinhlobo ezindala ze-dicamba. Icala leBader lithi: “Imbangela yokucekelwa phansi kwezitshalo zikaMmangali Bader Farms ukukhishwa kwamabomu kommangalelwa uMonsanto ngamabomu nangobudedengu kohlelo lwesitshalo olungasebenzi kahle - okuyi-soya yalo eguqulwe ngokwezakhi zofuzo i-Roundup Ready 2 Xtend kanye nembewu kakotini iBollgard II Xtend (“ izilimo ze-Xtend ” ) - ngaphandle kwesihlanganisi esivunyelwe i-EPA esivunyelwe i-dicamba herbicide. ”

Abalimi bathi izinkampani ziyazi futhi zilindele ukuthi imbewu entsha izokhuthaza ukusetshenziswa kabanzi kwe-dicamba kangangokuba ukukhukhuleka kuzolimaza amasimu abalimi abangayithenganga imbewu ekwazi ukubekezelela i-dicamba. Abalimi basola ukuthi lokhu bekuyingxenye yohlelo lokwandisa ukuthengiswa kwembewu ebekezelela izakhi zofuzo ze-dicamba. Abaningi basola ukwakheka okusha kwe-dicamba okuthengiswa yizinkampani nakho kuyakhukhula futhi kudale ukulimala kwezitshalo njengoba nje izinhlobo ezindala zenzile.

Ngeminye imininingwane mayelana ne-dicamba, sicela ubone eyethu ishidi lamaqiniso le-dicamba.

Amaqembu ama-Big Ag athi inkantolo ayikwazi ukutshela i-EPA ukuthi kufanele ivimbele nini i-dicamba

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Abahlukumezi abasindayo kunabo bonke batshele inkantolo yombuso ukuthi akufanele izame ukuvimba abalimi bakakotini nabasoya beGMO ekusebenziseni ababulali bokhula be-dicamba ngokungekho emthethweni ekupheleni kukaJulayi, yize inkantolo yakhipha umyalelo wokuthi kuvinjelwe ngokushesha.

Izinhlangano eziyisithupha zezentengiselwano zikazwelonke, zonke ezinokuxhumana okudala kwezezimali eMonsanto nakwezinye izinkampani ezithengisa imikhiqizo ye-dicamba okukhulunywa ngayo, zifake isikhalazo ngoLwesithathu eNkantolo Yezokudlulisa Amacala yaseMelika ngeSekethe Lesishiyagalolunye linxusa inkantolo ukuthi ingazami ukugxambukela. ngesimemezelo se-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sokuthi abalimi bangaqhubeka nokusebenzisa imikhiqizo ye-dicamba ngoJulayi 31.

Bacele nenkantolo ukuthi ingayibukeli phansi i-EPA njengoba kuceliwe ngamaqembu awine i- Juni 3 umyalelo wenkantolo ekhipha ukuvinjelwa.

"Abalimi baseMelika bakabhontshisi nabokotini bangaba sengozini enkulu yezezimali uma bevinjelwa ukusebenzisa i-Dicamba Products kule nkathi yokukhula," kusho umbiko omfushane owenziwe yi-American Farm Bureau Federation, i-American Soybean Association, iNational Cotton Council of America, iNational Association of Wheat Growers, National I-Corn Growers Association, nabakhiqizi be-National Sorghum.

Ngokwehlukana, iCropLife America, i-lobbyist enethonya embonini yezolimo, wafaka isikhashana  ithi ifuna ukunikeza "Ulwazi Olusizo eNkantolo." AbakwaCropLife basho lokhu kufayela ukuthi inkantolo ayinalo igunya lokuthi i-EPA iqhubeka kanjani nokusula ukusetshenziswa kwemikhiqizo yokubulala izinambuzane njengababulali bokhula i-dicamba.

Le minyakazo ingeyakamuva ezimweni eziningi ezalandela isinqumo seSekethe Yesishiyagalolunye, esathola ukuthi i-EPA yephule umthetho ngesikhathi ivuma imikhiqizo ye-dicamba eyenziwe nguMonsanto - ephethwe yiBayer AG, kanye nemikhiqizo edayiswa yiBASF, kanye IDuPont, ephethwe yiCorteva Inc.

Inkantolo ikhiphe umyalelo wokuthi kuvinjelwe ukusetshenziswa komkhiqizo ngamunye walezi zinkampani, ithole ukuthi i-EPA “ibubeka phansi kakhulu ubungozi” bayo leyo mikhiqizo kubalimi abatshala izilimo ngaphandle kokotini nobhontshisi obenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo.

I-EPA ibonakale iliphika i-oda, kepha, lapho utshele abalimi bakakotini nabasoya bangaqhubeka nokufafaza ukubulala ukhula okukhulunywa ngako ngoJulayi 31.

ICentre for Food Safety (CFS) namanye amaqembu abekade beyise i-EPA enkantolo ngalolu daba babuyele enkantolo ngesonto eledlule, bafuna ukuthi i-9 Circuit bamba i-EPA ngokwedelela. Inkantolo manje isicubungula leso siphakamiso.

"I-EPA nezinkampani ezibulala izibulala-zinambuzane zizamile ukudida lolu daba nokuzama ukwesabisa iNkantolo," kusho uGeorge Kimbrell, umqondisi wezomthetho we-CFS nommeli walaba bafaka izicelo. "INkantolo ibambe ukuthi lo mkhiqizo usebenzisa okungekho emthethweni kanti ubuqili be-EPA abunakukushintsha lokho."

Umyalo wokuvinjelwa kwemikhiqizo yenkampani i-dicamba ubangele isiyaluyalu ezweni lasepulazini ngoba abalimi abaningi besoya kanye nokotini batshale izigidi zamahektare ezitshalo ezibekezelela izakhi ze-dicamba ezakhiwe nguMonsanto ngenhloso yokwelapha ukhula kulezo zinsimu ngemithi yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba eyenziwe izinkampani ezintathu. Izitshalo zibekezelela i-dicamba ngenkathi ukhula lufa.

Amaqembu okwamukela izivakashi epulazini athi ngamafuphi awo ukuthi ama-acre angama-64 million atshalwe nembewu ebekezelela i-dicamba kule sizini. Bathe uma labo balimi bengakwazi ukufafaza amasimu abo ngemikhiqizo ye-dicamba bazoba “ngokuvikeleka kakhulu kukhula olumelana neminye imithi yokubulala ukhula, okubanga
imiphumela ebalulekile yezimali evela ekulahlekelweni komkhiqizo. ”

Ngenkathi iMonsanto, iBASF neDuPont / Corteva bekhipha imishanguzo yabo yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba eminyakeni embalwa eyedlule bathi le mikhiqizo ngeke ivuthukele futhi ingene emikhakheni engomakhelwane njengoba izinhlobo zakudala zemikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula lwe-dicamba kwakwaziwa ukuthi ziyayenza. Kepha lezo ziqinisekiso zifakazelwe zingamanga phakathi kwezikhalazo ezisabalele zomonakalo we-dicamba drift.

Ngaphezulu kwamahektare ayisigidi ezitshalo ezingakhiqizwanga izakhi zofuzo ukubekezelela i-dicamba kwabikwa ukuthi zalimala ngonyaka odlule ezifundazweni eziyi-18, kusho inkantolo yombuso kulesi sinqumo.

"Inhloso ye-EPA ukuvikela impilo yabantu kanye nemvelo…" kusho umongameli webhodi leNational Family Farm Coalition uJim Goodman. "Ukwedelela kwabo lo msebenzi bekungeke kuvezwe ngokucacile kunokunganaki kwabo okusobala isinqumo seNkantolo Yesishiyagalolunye Yesekethe Yokwedlulisa Amacala sokumisa izicelo eziphezulu kakhulu zedicamba ngokushesha ukuvimbela izigidi zamahektare ezitshalo zabalimi ukuba zingabhujiswa."

NgoFebhuwari, a Ijaji laseMissouri liyalile IBayer neBASF bakhokhele umlimi wamapentshisi amadola ayizigidi eziyi-15 kumonakalo wokunxephezela kanye namaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-250 kumonakalo wokujezisa ngomonakalo we-dicamba ezingadini zomlimi. Ijaji liphethe ngokuthi iMonsanto neBASF bakha uzungu ezenzweni ababazi ukuthi zizoholela ekulimaleni kwezitshalo okubanzi ngoba babelindele ukuthi kuzonyusa inzuzo yabo