IMonsanto Ithembele Kulaba "Ozakwethu" Ukuhlasela Ososayensi Abaphezulu Bomdlavuza

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Related: Imibhalo Eyimfihlo Idalula Impi kaMonsanto Ngososayensi Bomdlavuza, nguStacy Malkan

Leli phepha lichaza okuqukethwe yiMonsanto uhlelo oluyimfihlo lokuxhumana nomphakathi ukudicilela phansi igama lophiko locwaningo lomdlavuza lwe-World Health Organisation, i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ngenhloso yokuvikela isithunzi seRoundup weedkiller. NgoMashi 2015, iqembu lomhlaba wonke lochwepheshe kuphaneli ye-IARC lahlulela i-glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko kuRoundup, ukuthi ibe mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic kubantu.

Uhlelo lweMonsanto lubiza amagama angaphezu kweshumi nambili amaqembu "abalingani bezimboni" abaphathi benkampani abakuhlele "ukwazisa / ukugoma / ukubandakanya" emizamweni yabo yokuvikela isithunzi seRoundup, ukuvimbela izimangalo zomdlavuza "ezingenasisekelo" ekubeni umbono odumile, futhi "zinikeze ikhava yezinhlaka ezilawulayo. ” Ozakwethu bahlanganisa izifundiswa kanye namaqembu aphambili embonini yamakhemikhali nezokudla, amaqembu ezohwebo kanye namaqembu okubungaza - landela izixhumanisi ezingezansi kumashidi eqiniso anikeza imininingwane eminingi ngamaqembu ophathina.

Ngokubambisana la maphepha emininingwane ahlinzeka ngesense yokujula nobubanzi be-corporaukuhlaselwa kochwepheshe bomdlavuza we-IARC ngokwehlulwanse kaMi-onsanto edayisa kakhulu i-herbicide.

Izinhloso zikaMonsanto zokubhekana nesilinganiso se-IARC se-carcinogenicity se-glyphosate (ikhasi 5).

Background

Umbhalo osemqoka okhishwe ngo-2017 ngo izinqubo zomthetho ngokumelene neMonsanto kuchaza “uhlelo lokulungela nokuzibandakanya” kwenkampani ekuhlelweni komdlavuza we-IARC we-glyphosate, umhlaba isetshenziswa kakhulu kwezolimo. I- idokhumenti yangaphakathi yeMonsanto - yangomhla kaFebhuwari 23, 2015 - yabela abasebenzi abangaphezu kwama-20 beMonsanto ezinhlosweni ezibandakanya "ukunciphisa umthelela wesinqumo," "ukufinyelela komlawuli," "ukuqinisekisa iMON POV" kanye "nokuhola izwi 'kubani i-IARC' kanye ne-2B intukuthelo." NgoMashi 20, 2015, i-IARC yamemezela isinqumo sayo sokuhlukanisa i-glyphosate njenge-Group 2A carcinogen, "mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic kubantu. "

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane, bheka: “Ukulungiswa Kanjani KweMonsanto Ekuhlukanisweni Komdlavuza Wamakhemikhali Okulindelekile,”NguCarey Gillam, uHuffington Post (9/19/2017)

Isigaba 1-4 seMonsanto “Abalingani Bemboni”

Ikhasi 5 le- umbhalo weMonsanto ikhomba izingxenye ezine “zabalingani bemboni” abaphathi beMonsanto abebehlele ukuzibandakanya nohlelo lwayo lwe-IARC lokuzilungiselela. La maqembu ehlangene anokufinyelela okubanzi nomthelela ekuphusheni ukulandisa ngengozi yomdlavuza evikela inzuzo yezinkampani.

Umlingani womkhakha weTier 1 angama-lobby axhaswa ngezimboni kanye namaqembu e-PR.

Abalingani bezimboni zeTier 2 bangamaqembu angaphambili avame ukukhonjwa njengemithombo ezimele, kepha basebenza nemboni yamakhemikhali ekusithekeni kobudlelwano bomphakathi nemikhankaso yokunxenxa.

Abalingani bemboni engu-Tier 3 bangamaqembu ezingenzi-nzuzo axhaswe izimboni zokudla. Lawa maqembu athakanyiswe kokuthi, “Xwayisa izinkampani zokudla ngethimba le-Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) 'ngecebo lokutholwa' lokuhlinzeka ngemfundo yokuqala ngamazinga ezinsalela ze-glyphosate, chaza izifundo ezenzelwe isayensi uma kuqhathaniswa nemibono eqhutshwa yi-ajenda” yomdlavuza ozimele iphaneli.

Umlingani womkhakha we-Tier 4 "yizinhlangano zabakhiqizi abakhulu." Lawa ngamaqembu ezohwebo ahlukahlukene amele ummbila, isoya nabanye abatshali bezimboni nabakhiqizi bokudla.

Ukuhlela ukukhala ngokumelene nombiko womdlavuza ku-glyphosate

Umbhalo kaMonsanto we-PR uchaze izinhlelo zabo zokwenza izindlela zokuxhumana ezinamandla nezokuxhumana ukuze "kulungiswe ukukhala ngesinqumo se-IARC."

Ukuthi lokho kudlalwe kanjani kungabonakala emibhalweni yozakwethu embonini amaqembu abesebenzisa imiyalezo ejwayelekile nemithombo ukusola i-ejensi yocwaningo lomdlavuza ngokungalungile nokuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi abasebenza embikweni we-glyphosate.

Izibonelo zemiyalezo yokuhlasela zingabonakala kuwebhusayithi yeProjekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project. Leli qembu lithi lingumthombo ozimele wesayensi, kepha, imibhalo etholwe ngumbukiso wase-US Right to Know ukuthi i-Genetic Literacy Project isebenza neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR ngaphandle kokudalula lokho kusebenzisana. UJon Entine wethule leli qembu e2011 ngenkathi uMonsanto eyiklayenti lenkampani yakhe ye-PR. Lena iqhinga lakudala leqembu langaphambili; ukuhambisa imiyalezo yenkampani ngeqembu elithi lizimele kepha akunjalo.

Uhlelo lucebisa i-Sense About Science ukuthi "ihole ukuphendula kwemboni"

Umbhalo kaMonsanto we-PR ukhuluma ngezinhlelo zokwenza izindlela zokuxhumana ezinamandla nezokuxhumana ukuze "kuqondiswe ukukhala ngesinqumo se-IARC." Lolu hlelo luphakamisa iqembu i-Sense About Science (kubakaki abanophawu lombuzo) ukuthi "liholele ekuphenduleni kwemboni futhi linikeze inkundla yezingqapheli ze-IARC nokhulumela imboni."

I-Sense About Science iyisiza somphakathi esizinze eLondon lokho kuthiwa kuthuthukisa ukuqonda komphakathi ngesayensi, kodwa iqembu "laziwa ngokuthatha izikhundla buck ukuvumelana kwesayensi noma ukuchitha ubufakazi obuvelayo bokulimala, ”Kubika uLiza Gross ku-The Intercept. Ngo-2014, iSense About Science yethule inguqulo yase-US ngaphansi kokuqondiswa kwe-  UTrevor Butterworth, umbhali onomlando omude wokungavumelani naye isayensi ephakamisa ukukhathazeka ngempilo ngamakhemikhali anobuthi.

I-Sense About Science ihlobene ne- Isayensi Media Center, isayensi PR agency eLondon ethola uxhaso lwezinkampani futhi yaziwa nge ukugcizelela imibono yenkampani yesayensi. Intatheli ephethe sisondelene neSayensi Media Center, UKate Kelland, ushicilele izindatshana eziningana kwiReuters ezigxeka i-ejensi yomdlavuza ye-IARC eyayisekelwe kuyo izindaba ezingamanga futhi ukubika okungaphelele okungaphelele. Izindatshana zeReuters zithuthukiswe kakhulu ngamaqembu kaMonsanto “abalingani bemboni” futhi zasetshenziswa njenge isisekelo se ukuhlaselwa kwezepolitiki ngokumelene ne-IARC.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

  • "I-IARC iyazenqaba izimangalo ezingamanga ku-Reuters," Isitatimende se-IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Indaba ka-Reuters ka-Aaron Blair IARC ikhuthaza ukulandisa okungamanga, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Isimangalo seReuters sokuthi i-IARC "ihlele kahle" okutholakele nakho kungamanga, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ngabe izibopho zezinkampani zinomthelela ekusetshenzisweni kwesayensi?" Ukulunga nokunemba ekubikeni (7 / 24 / 2017)

“Bandakanya uHenry Miller”

Ikhasi 2 lombhalo weMonsanto PR likhomba okwokuqala okulethwa ukuhlelela nokulungiselela: "Bandakanya uHenry Miller" "ukugoma / ukusungula umbono womphakathi nge-IARC nezibuyekezo."

"Ngingathanda uma ngingaqala ngokusalungiswa okuseqophelweni eliphezulu."

UHenry I. Miller, MD, osebenza naye eHoover Institution kanye nomqondisi osungula iHhovisi Le-Biotechnology le-FDA, une umlando omude oqoshiwe wokusebenzisana nezinkampani ukuvikela imikhiqizo enobungozi. Uhlelo lweMonsanto lukhomba “umnikazi we-MON” womsebenzi njengo-Eric Sachs, isayensi, ubuchwepheshe nobuchwepheshe beMonsanto.

Imibhalo kamuva kubika iThe New York Times kwembule lokho amaSachs uthumele i-imeyili uMiller kusasele isonto ngaphambi kombiko we-IARC glyphosate ukubuza ukuthi ngabe uMiller wayenesifiso sokubhala "ngalesi sinqumo esiyimpikiswano." UMiller uphendule wathi, "Ngingathanda uma ngingaqala ngidalelwe ubuciko obusezingeni eliphezulu." Ngo-Mashi 23, uMiller uthumele isihloko kuForbes "okubonakala kakhulu" okusalungiswa okuhlinzekwe nguMonsanto, ngokusho kwe Times. IForbes inqamule ubudlelwano bayo noMiller ngemuva kwesigameko sokubhala ngezipoki futhi ususe izindatshana zakhe kusuka kusayithi.

Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo 

Yize umqulu weMonsanto PR ungazange uqambe igama le- umkhandlu waseMelika oxhaswe ngezinkampani weSayensi nezeMpilo (ACSH) phakathi "kwabalingani bayo bezimboni," ama-imeyili akhishwe nge-litigation show ukuthi iMonsanto uxhase uMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo futhi wacela iqembu ukuthi libhale ngombiko we-IARC glyphosate. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi abaphathi beMonsanto bebengakhululekile ngokusebenzisana ne-ACSH kodwa benze njalo noma kunjalo ngoba, "asinabo abalandeli abaningi futhi asikwazi ukulahlekelwa yilabo abambalwa esinabo."

Umholi wesayensi ephezulu kaMonsanto uDaniel Goldstein ubhalele ozakwabo ukuthi, “Ngingakuqinisekisa ukuthi anginabo bonke abantu abanenkanyezi nge-ACSH- banenqwaba yezinsumpa- kodwa: NGEKE UTHOLE UKUBALULEKA OKUNGCONO KWEDOLOLA LAKHO kune-ACSH” (kugcizelela yena). UGoldstein uthumele izixhumanisi zezinto eziningi ze-ACSH ezikhuthaza futhi zivikele ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane azichaze ngokuthi “ZISEBENZISA KAKHULU.”

Bona futhi: Ukulandelela i-Agrichemical Industry Propaganda Network 

Landela okutholwe yi-US Right to Know nokusakazwa kwabezindaba mayelana nokusebenzisana phakathi kwamaqembu embonini yokudla kanye nezifundiswa ku ikhasi lethu lokuphenya. Imibhalo ye-USRTK iyatholakala kufayela le- Umtapo Wezincwadi Wezimboni Zamakhemikhali isingathwe ngu-UCSF.

Ikusasa Lezidingo Zokudla Ukucaca Nobuqotho

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Lo mbhalo ushicilelwe ekuqaleni ku Ibhizinisi Labatshalizimali Nsuku Zonke.

NguStacy Malkan noCarey Gillam

"Izinkampani zokudla azikwazi ukuthola ukuthi yini abantu baseMelika abafuna ukuyidla," ngokusho kukaJuni Indatshana yeWall Street Journal.

Abaphathi bemboni yezokudla “bashesha ukuphuma,” Kubike iWSJ ngo-Okthoba, nendawo yokwamukela izivakashi yokudla “iyaqhekeka,” Kuchaza uPolitico, njengoba izinkampani zokudla zingavumelani ngokuthi zingaphendula kanjani ekushintsheni kokuthandwa ngabathengi.

Kepha akuyona imfihlakalo abantu baseMelika abafuna ukuyidla - noma kungani imboni yokudla inzima.

Abathengi bafuna ukudla okungenayo imibala yokufakelwa, ukunambitheka okungamanga, izibulala-zinambuzane, izivimbelo, ama-hormone okukhula, ama-antibiotic nama-GMO, njengoba fortune lo magazini wabika ngo-2015 - lezi zitayela eholwa izinkulungwane zeminyaka baqhuba “inguquko eyizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 18 yokudla.”

Kepha kunokuba banikeze okufunwa ngamakhasimende, abanye abadlali bemboni yokudla balwela ukudida kunokuhambisana nezimfuno zemakethe.

Phakathi kwamaqhinga asebhokisini lamathuluzi, basebenzisa amaqembu angaphambili nezifundiswa ezinobungane ukusunduza inkulumo-ze yokuqhakambisa imikhiqizo yabo, nokujivaza labo abamele imininingwane ethembekile.

Isibonelo esisodwa sakamuva nesicacile sivele lapha kwiBusiness Daily yabatshalizimali, ezihlokweni ezimbili zemibono ezibhalwe nguHenry I. Miller, ozakwabo waseHoover Institution. Ukuqala kabusha kukaMiller kumenza abonakale enegunya futhi ehlaba umxhwele - othile abathengi abangamethemba.

Kepha ekusebenziseni isithangami se-IBD ukujikijela iqembu elincane elingenzi nzuzo esilisebenzelayo, i-US Right to Know, uveze ukwethembeka kwakhe kwizintshisekelo ezithile zemboni ezifuna ukugcina abathengi besebumnyameni.

Inhlangano yethu ikhuthaza iqiniso nokusobala ohlelweni lokudla. Sichitha isikhathi sethu esiningi sifaka izicelo zemininingwane nemibhalo evela ezinhlanganweni zombuso nezikahulumeni kanye nezikhungo ukuze sabelane nabathengi ngezindaba zenqubomgomo yokudla.

UMiller uye waziwa kahle ngokubeka isayensi nempilo yomphakathi endaweni yesibili kwezintshisekelo zebhizinisi. Wayebhalwe ohlwini lwe- Imemo ka-1994 “njengomsekeli obalulekile” womkhankaso kaPhilip Morris wokulwa nemithetho kagwayi.

Wabizwa futhi ku-an idokhumenti yangaphakathi yeNkampani yeMonsanto njengomthombo ongasiza ekuhlambalazeni iphaneli yocwaningo lomdlavuza le-World Health Organisation ngemuva kokuthi imemezele ukuthi i-herbicide eyisihluthulelo yeMonsanto iyi-carcinogen yabantu “okungenzeka”. Lowo mbulali wokhula, i-glyphosate, usetshenziswa kabanzi emhlabeni jikelele ekukhiqizweni kokudla kwezolimo.

Uhlelo lweMonsanto lokuvikela umbulali walo wokhula bekungeke lucace bha: "Zibandakanya noHenry Miller" kusho. Imibhalo ibikwe I-New York Times uveze ukuthi udaba oluthunyelwe nguMiller eForbes egxeka iphaneli lomdlavuza "ngokuyinhloko lufanekisela" uhlaka olunikezwe yisikhulu seMonsanto. IForbes yabunqamula ubudlelwano bayo noMiller ngenxa yalokho futhi ususe zonke izindatshana zakhe kusuka kusayithi.

Isinyathelo sikaMiller manje sokuhlazisa i-US Right to Know sibonakala siqhutshwa yizimboni ezifanayo ezamholela ekutheni azame ukudicilela phansi iqembu lesayensi yomdlavuza lomhlaba jikelele. Enganikezi bufakazi, wathi i-US Right to Know ngandlela thile ihlangana nohulumeni waseRussia.

Iziphambeko zokunyundela ziyindida, kubhekwa ukuthi inkampani yezobudlelwano bomphakathi iqinile kuqashiwe ngemboni yezolimo ukusindisa isithunzi semikhiqizo yabo ese-GMO nemikhiqizo yokubulala izinambuzane kwakunguKetchum - inkampani kwaphoqa izintshisekelo zaseRussia eMelika iminyaka eyishumi kuze kube yi-2015.

Ngakho-ke kungani izintshisekelo ezithile zomkhakha wokudla ezihlanganayo zingafuna noma zidinge indoda yangaphambili ukuze ihlasele inzuzo yethu encane? Impendulo ilula: Uphenyo yi-US Right to Know ithole imibhalo efihliwe - iningi layo selithunyelwe ku- Ingobo yomlando Yemibhalo Yezimboni ze-UCSF - lokho sekuqubule uphenyo oluningi lwabezindaba emisebenzini yokunxenxa nokusabalalisa inkulumo yezimboni zokudla nezolimo.

Kudicilelwe izindatshana mayelana namasu embonini yokudla eyimfihlo yokudukisa abathengi, abenzi bomthetho kanye nabatshalizimali New York Times, BMJ, i-Guardian, Okwezwe, Bloomberg, Boston Globe, CBC, omagazini bezempilo yomphakathi nezinye izindawo eziningi.

PR amaShenanigans

Kanye noMiller, uMonsanto wathinta ezinye eziningi "Abalingani bemboni" ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi abebexwayisa ngemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto, kufaka phakathi i-Genetic Literacy Project, Grocery Manufacturers Association namanye amaqembu akhokhelwa izimboni zokudla.

Lezi yizinhlobo zobudlelwano bomphakathi ama-shenanigans okufanele imikhiqizo yokudla ikugweme uma benethemba lokuzuza abathengi.

Kwirekhodi, asinabo ubudlelwano nakancane neRussia. Siyiqembu elibheka imboni yezokudla. Sihlola ukuthi izimboni zokudla nezamakhemikhali ezolimo zisebenza kanjani ekusithekeni ukuthonya abenzi bomthetho, abalawuli, izifundiswa nabanye. Futhi sabelana ngalolo lwazi nomphakathi.

Iqiniso nokubekwa obala kuyimibono esabekayo yezinhloso ezithile zebhizinisi, ukuze uqiniseke. Kepha laba badlali bezinkampani kanye nabatshalizimali babo bangaba ukuhlakanipha ukulalela, futhi babonge, amakhasimende afuna izimemezelo zokukhangisa ezithembekile nolwazi oluvulekile mayelana nobungozi kanye nemivuzo eza nohlelo lokudla kwanamuhla.

Imibhalo kaDkt.Henry I. Miller okukhulunywe ngayo lapha ingatholakala ku:

I-Russia Yimbi Kakhulu Kunokungenela Okhethweni Lwethu - Iphazamisa Esayensi Yethu, Ingxenye I

I-Russia Yimbi Kakhulu Kunokungenela Okhethweni Lwethu - Iphazamisa Esayensi Yethu: Ingxenye II

Le ndaba ekuqaleni yabonakala Ibhizinisi Labatshalizimali Nsuku Zonke.

I-AgBioChatter: Lapho Izinkampani, Isu Elihleliwe Lezemfundo kuma-GMO, Izibulala-zinambuzane

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

I-AgBioChatter iyi-server yangasese ye-imeyili esetshenziswa yimboni yezolimo kanye nabalingani bayo ukuxhumanisa imisebenzi yokuthumela imiyalezo nokunxenxa. Amalungu ohlu afaka izifundiswa ezixhasa umkhakha wezimboni, abasebenza embonini ephezulu yezolimo kanye nabasebenzisana nomphakathi.

Lokhu idokhumenti yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ikhomba i- “Academics (AgBioChatter)” “njengozakwethu bezimboni” kuTier 2 ezinhlelweni zobudlelwano bomphakathi noMonsanto zokudicilela phansi isithunzi seWorld Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ukuze kuvikelwe isithunzi seRoundup weedkiller. Ngo-Mashi 2015, i-IARC yahlulela i-glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko ku-Roundup, ukuthi ibe mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic kubantu.

Izifundiswa eziningana ze-AgBioChatter nazo zidlala indima ebalulekile kwamanye amaqembu "ophathina bezimboni" aqanjwe ohlelweni lukaMonsanto lwe-PR lokuhlambalaza umbiko we-IARC we-carcinogenicity, kufaka phakathi Izimpendulo ze-GMO, Ukuhlukaniswa, Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa futhi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi.

Ingemuva: IMonsanto Ithembele Kulaba "Ozakwethu" Ukuhlasela Ososayensi Abaphezulu Bomdlavuza

Ama-imeyili we-AgBioChatter axhunywe ngezansi - kanye neminye imibhalo etholakele ngu-US Ilungelo Lokwazi futhi manje isingathwe endaweni Ingobo yomlando Yemibhalo Yezimboni ze-UCSF - nikeza izibonelo eziningi zokuthi amaqembu ezifundiswa nezimboni asebenzisana kanjani ngezindlela ezicashile zokududula imiyalezo ehambisanayo nomkhakha kuzingxenyekazi ezahlukahlukene ukukhiqiza ukungabaza ngezingozi zezempilo nezemvelo zemithi yokubulala izinambuzane nama-GMO.

Izitolo zabezindaba emhlabeni jikelele babike ngalokhu kusebenzisana ekusithekeni ukukhuthaza imibono yezimboni ngesayensi nokuphikisana nemithethonqubo.

Imizamo ye-US Right to Know yokwenza izinto obala

I-US Right to Know ithole ama-imeyili we-AgBioChatter ngo-2016 nango-2017 ngesicelo samarekhodi womphakathi. NgoJulayi 2017, i-US Right to Know wamangalela iNyuvesi yaseFlorida ngokwehluleka kwayo ukukhipha amarekhodi omphakathi aceliwe afaka imboni yezolimo kanye noprofesa abaxhaswe umphakathi, kufaka phakathi imibhalo evela esithangamini se-AgBioChatter.

NgoMashi 2018, ijaji laseFlorida lalichitha leli cala, lathi ama-imeyili e-AgBioChatter “ayeyizinto zomuntu siqu ezazivela kubantu bakaKevin Folta kuphela” hhayi ibhizinisi lasenyuvesi lomphakathi. Ngemininingwane engaphezulu, bheka i- imibhalo yenkantolo.

Ukusabalala okuhlobene nabezindaba

  • Inkululeko Yokweseka I-Press, "Yeka ukuthi izinkampani zikucindezela kanjani ukudalulwa kwamarekhodi omphakathi mayelana nazo," nguCamille Fassett (2/27/18)
  • I-New York Times, “I-Food Industry Yabhalisa Izifundiswa ku-GMO labeling war, Emails Show,” ebhalwe ngu-Eric Lipton; futhi ingobo yomlando ye-imeyili, "UProfesa waseFlorida usebenza nemboni ye-Biotech" (9/5/2015)
  • I-Alternet, “Ngabe kukhona okushaya amanzi okwenzekayo phakathi kweYunivesithi yaseFlorida nemboni yezolimo? Abathengi banelungelo lokwazi, ”nguDaniel Ross, i-Alternet (2/13/18)

Okuqukethwe kohlu lwe-AgBioChatter

The Ama-imeyili we-AgBioChatter atholakele ngokusebenzisa izicelo zomlando wamarekhodi womphakathi (amakhasi ayi-142) abonisa izifundiswa nabasebenzi bemboni yezolimo abaxhumanisa amaphuzu okukhuluma ukuze baphikise ukufakwa kwelebizo le-GMO, bakhuthaze futhi bavikele ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, bagxeke imboni, futhi bagweme izicelo zoMthetho weNkululeko Yolwazi ngemininingwane ephathelene noprofesa abakhokhelwa nguhulumeni.

Ingqikithi enkulu yama-imeyili (futhi ikakhulukazi indima yelungu lohlu uJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto) kwakuwukuhlonza abagxeka imboni yezolimo namathuba okubahlasela. Lapha kubalwa uMehmet Oz, uVandana Shiva, uDon Huber, i-Consumers Union nabanye.

Enye indikimba ebalulekile kuma-imeyili e-AgBioChatter yimizamo yokuhlela izifundo zesayensi eziphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngobungozi bama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane ngokuthi "ziqhutshwa yi-ajenda," kanti izifundo ezibika kahle ngemikhiqizo yezimboni yezolimo "ziyi-pro science."

Ezemfundo, ukusebenzisana kwezimboni 

Ngokwama-imeyili atholakele kuze kube manje ngezicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi, izifundiswa, abasebenzi bemboni yezolimo, abeluleki kanye nezinkampani ze-PR babambe iqhaza ohlwini lwama- "Chatter".

Abahlanganyeli abaziwayo babhalwe ngezansi kanye nezibopho zabo kokunye "Amaqembu abalingani bezimboni" iqanjwe ohlelweni lwe-PR lukaMonsanto ukuze hlela ukukhala ngokumelene nephaneli yomdlavuza we-IARC. Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngala maqembu, bheka amaphepha ethu eqiniso:

Futhi okuphawulwe ngezansi yizibopho eziya ku- Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu langaphambili elithola imali yenkampani ukuze ukukhuthaza imibono yezimboni ngesayensi futhi bahlasele abagxeki.

Izixhumanisi ezigcinwe kulondolozo lwe-Genetic Literacy Project zinikeza umuzwa wokuthumela imiyalezo evamile, ephindaphindwayo la maqembu angaphambili kanye nezifundiswa zisebenzisa ukukhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, zama ukudicilela phansi abagxeki, ukuphikisana nokwesulwa kanye nokuphikisana nemizamo yokwenza izinto obala.

Amalungu ohlu lwe-AgBioChatter 

Ama-imeyili atholwe ngezicelo zamarekhodi womphakathi akhombisa ukuthi laba bantu abalandelayo babeku-listerver ye-AgBioChatter njengezinsuku ezikuma-imeyili.

Andrew Apel, imboni yezolimo umxhumanisi nomhleli wangaphambili yencwajana yomkhakha webhayoloji i-AgBiotech Reporter

UGraham Brooks, Isazi Sezomnotho Wezolimo, i-PG Economics Ltd, e-UK

UJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto; umongameli we v-Fluence Interactive inkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi

UBruce Chassy, ​​PhD, USolwazi Emeritus Wezokuphepha Kokudla kanye neSayensi Yezomsoco, iYunivesithi yase-Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign

UJon Entine, umqondisi we-Genetic Literacy Project, uMonsanto “ongumlingani wemboni”

UKevin Folta, PhD, USolwazi noSihlalo, uMnyango Wezesayensi Yezolimo, iYunivesithi yaseFlorida

I-Val Giddings, i-PhD, umxhumanisi wemboni, owayengu-VP wenhlangano yezohwebo ye-BIO

  • Umuntu omkhulu kwa-Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (exhaswe ngamaqembu emikhakha yezemithi, engenazintambo kanye neyezolimo)
  • Usizile ukusetha ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo njenge iqembu eliphambili leMonsanto
  • Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project archives

U-Andy Hedgecock, UDuPont Pioneer owayengumqondisi wezindaba zesayensi

UDrew Kershen, PhD, U-Emeritus Professor, University of Oklahoma, College of Law

UMarcel Kuntz, PhD, umqondisi wocwaningo kwa-CNRS, Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire Végétale, Grenoble, France 

  • Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project archives 

UChris Leaver, PhD, U-Emeritus Professor of Plant Science, eNyuvesi yase-Oxford

Adrienne Massey, PhD, IBiotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO), umphathi ophethe izindaba zesayensi nezomthetho

URobert McGregor, Umhlaziyi Wezinqubomgomo, IPrince Edward Island, eCanada

Alan McHughen, PhD, ENyuvesi yaseCalifornia Riverside

UHenry Miller, MD, esikanye naye eHoover Institution, ihhovisi langaphambili le-FDA le-biotechnology

UVivian Moses, PhD, Isifo Sikashukela Nezempilo, eKing's College London

UPiero Morandini, PhD, umsizi wocwaningo, ENyuvesi yaseMilan

UWayne Parrott, PhD, UProfesa, Ukutshala Ukutshala kanye Nofuzo, University of Georgia

CS Prakash, PhD, UProfesa, i-Plant Genetics, i-Genomics ne-Biotechnology College yeSayensi yezoLimo, ezeMvelo kanye neNutrition, eTuskegee University

UCami Ryan, PhD, IMonsanto, ukuhola kwesayensi yezenhlalo, inqubomgomo yokulawula kanye nezindaba zesayensi eCanada

U-Eric Sachs, PhD, I-Monsanto, ezemvelo, ezenhlalo nezomnotho zihola phambili

U-Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, I-Animal Genetics ne-Biotechnology Cooperative Extension Specialist, iYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eDavis

UKarl Haro von Mogel, PhD, Umqondisi we-Biofortified wesayensi nabezindaba   

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngokutholwe yi-US Right to Know nokusakazwa kwabezindaba mayelana nokusebenzisana phakathi kwamaqembu ezimboni nezifundiswa ezindabeni zokudla, bheka ikhasi lethu lokuphenya. Imibhalo yase-US Right to Know iyatholakala ku- Umtapo Wezincwadi Wezimboni Zamakhemikhali isingathwe yiYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eSan Francisco.

UDrew Kershen: I-Agrichemical Industry Front Group Ringleader

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UDrew Kershen, uprofesa osaziwayo e-University of Oklahoma College of Law, ungumngane osondelene nomkhakha wezolimo. Uyaphikisana ukuhlukunyezwa zezitshalo nezilwane ezenziwe ngobunjiniyela kanye ngokumelene nokusobala. UKershen ubambe iqhaza elibalulekile emizamweni yokukhangisa exhaswa ngezimali embonini kanye namaqembu angaphambili alwela izintshisekelo zemboni. UKershen akayivezi imithombo yezimali.

Isibopho semboni yezolimo nobuholi beqembu langaphambili

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project / Science Literacy Project

UKershen uyi ilungu lebhodi yeGenetic Literacy Project, iqembu eliphambili elibambisana neMonsanto ukwenza ubudlelwano bomphakathi ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, futhi hhayi ukudalula ngokunembile ukuxhaswa kwayo. Imibhalo iveze ukuthi i-Genetic Literacy Project:

UKershen futhi uyilungu lebhodi le- Iphrojekthi Yezesayensi Yokufunda, i-501 (c) (3) inhlangano yabazali ye-Genetic Literacy Project. Zombili ziqondiswa ngu UJon Entine, umlingani wesikhathi eside we-PR wemboni yamakhemikhali.

Ngokuvumelana ne Amarekhodi wentela ka-2015, UJon Entine kanye ne-Science Literacy Project bathathe izintambo zokulawula iStatistical Assessment Service (STATS), iqembu ebelikade lisebenzisana neCentre for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA) kanye Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project. Ukusebenza kwe-STATS kufakwe ku-Sense About Science USA, okuyi wabelana ngekheli elifanayo lerekhodi ngeProjekthi YeSayensi Yokufunda Nokubhala.

Abasunguli be-STATS, i-CMPA kanye ne-Sense About Science benze ubudlelwano bomphakathi basebenzela imboni kagwayi futhi la maqembu awawona amajaji azimele wesayensi, ngokusho kwe-2016 uphenyo kuThe Intercept.

Ngeminye imininingwane, bheka ama-USRTK emashidi eqiniso UJon Entine kanye neProjekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo futhi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi / IZITATIMENDE.

UNobhala Wezifundo Zokubuyekeza Iqembu Langaphambili

UKershen wayengunobhala webhodi labaqondisi be-Academics Review, ngokusho kwalo Amarekhodi wentela ka-2016. Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo bathi kwakuyiqembu elizimele, kodwa imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know wembule ukuthi kwakuyiqembu langaphambili kusethwe ngosizo lweMonsanto ukuhlasela abagxeki bemboni yezolimo ngenkathi bebonakala bezimele.

UKershen wayengu- umbuyekezi ngombiko wango-2014 we-Academics Review owazama ukudicilela phansi imboni yezinto eziphilayo; i isitatimende sephephandaba ngombiko wathi kwakuwumsebenzi wezifundiswa ezizimele ngaphandle kokuphikisana kwezintshisekelo.

Amarekhodi entela akhombisa ukuthi umxhasi oyinhloko we-Academics Review kwakuyi-Council for Biotechnology Information, inhlangano engenzi nzuzo exhaswa futhi ephethwe yi-BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont, Monsanto neSyngenta. I-CBI inikeze isamba esingu- $ 600,000 ku-Academics Review ku 2014 futhi 2015-2016.

Kungani iForbes Isuse Ezinye Izindatshana ZaseKershen

IKershen babhala ngokuhlanganyela izindatshana eziningana ezisuswe yiForbes neProjusa Syndicate ngemuva kombhali wakhe, UHenry Miller, wabanjwa usebenzisa ikholomu ebhalwe ghost ngu-Monsanto njengomsebenzi wakhe eForbes. I- New York Times wembula ihlazo lokubhala ngezipoki ngo-2017.

UKershen noMiller nabo babhalele ndawonye izindatshana ze- Slate, Buyekeza National, lo Isikhungo seHoover futhi Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (imboni exhaswa ngemali iqembu langaphambili) bephikisana nokufakwa amalebula nokulawulwa kokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, ukuhlasela abagxeki bezimboni, nokubanga ukuthi "abampofu emhlabeni bahlupheka futhi bafa ngokungadingekile" ngenxa "yomthetho ongenazidingo ofunwa yizishoshovu."

Izimpendulo ze-GMO

UKershen uyi “Uchwepheshe wenxusa” Izimpendulo ze-GMO, a ukumaketha kanye newebhusayithi ye-PR ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okuyi uxhaswe yizinkampani ezinkulu zezolimo nge-Council for Biotechnology Information, futhi ephethwe yi inkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi uKetchum.

Ungenele Ekubambeni Ngokusobala Icala Lokuvimbela Ukudalulwa Komphakathi

Imibhalo eminingana ebikwe kuleli qiniso, eveze obudlelwano obungadalulwanga phakathi kwezinhlangano namaqembu angaphambili, yaqala ukutholwa ngezicelo zeFreedom of Information ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi. UKershen ungenelele ezinkantolo ezama ukumisa ukudalulwa okuqhubekayo, njengeFreedom of the Press Foundation kubika ngoFebhuwari 2018.

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngamaqembu angaphambili embonini yezokudla, bheka i- Ikhasi lokuphenya le-USRTK.

Izigxivizo zeminwe zikaMonsanto Kuzo Zonke I-Newsweek's Hit on Organic Food

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

buyekeza: Impendulo eyinqaba yeNewsweek

NguStacy Malkan

"Umkhankaso wokudla okuphilayo ngumkhonyovu okhohlisayo, obizayo," ngokusho komhlaka-19 Januwari Newsweek esihlokweni ebhalwe nguDkt.Henry I. Miller weSikhungo seHoover.

Uma lelo gama lizwakala lijwayelekile - uHenry I. Miller - kungahle kube ngoba New York Times muva iveze ihlazo okubandakanya uMiller: ukuthi ubanjwe eshicilela i-athikili ebhalwe ghost nguMonsanto ngaphansi kwegama lakhe ku Forbes. I-athikili, ebikhombisa kakhulu uhlaka olunikezwe uMonsanto, ihlasele ososayensi bephaneli lomdlavuza le-World Health Organisation (IARC) labo isinqumo sokufaka ohlwini Amakhemikhali athengisa kakhulu kaMonsanto, i-glyphosate, njenge-carcinogen yabantu.

Ukubika ku ukushintshana nge-imeyili ekhishwe ngamacala neMonsanto mayelana nokukhathazeka komdlavuza, i- Izikhathi ' UDanny Hakim wabhala:

"UMonsanto ubuze uMnu. Miller ukuthi angathanda yini ukubhala indatshana ngalesi sihloko, futhi wathi, 'Ngingathanda uma ngingaqala kusuka embhalweni osezingeni eliphezulu.'

Lo mbhalo uvele ngaphansi kwegama likaMnu. Miller, nangokuthi 'imibono evezwe ngabakwa-Forbes Contributors ingeyabo.' Lo magazini awuzange ukhulume ngokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto ekulungiseleleni lo mbhalo…

UForbes ususe lolu daba kwi-webhusayithi yakhe ngoLwesithathu wathi buqedile ubudlelwano bakhe noMnuz Miller phakathi kokudaluliwe. ”

Intambo yombono Iphrojekthi Syndicate kwalandela okufanayo, ngemuva kokuqala ukufaka isimangalo kumazwana kaMiller lapho aqaphela ukuthi ayezokwaliwa uma ukusebenzisana kwakhe noMonsanto kwakwaziwa.

Ithemba Lokwehlisa I-Organic

Ihlazo lokubhala ngezipoki alikaze limnciphise uMiller; uqhubekile nokuhlunga okuqukethwe okwenyuswayo embonini yezolimo kusuka ezitolo ezinjenge Newsweek futhi The Wall Street Journal, ngaphandle kokudalula kubafundi ubuhlobo bakhe neMonsanto.

Noma kunjalo kaMiller Newsweek Ukudla okune-organic kunezigxivizo zeminwe zikaMonsanto ngokusobala kuyo yonke indawo.

Okokuqala, uMiller usebenzisa imithombo yomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane ukwenza izimangalo ezingenabufakazi (nezindidayo) mayelana nezolimo eziphilayo - ngokwesibonelo, ukuthi ukulima ngokwemvelo "empeleni kuyingozi kakhulu emvelweni" kunokulima okuvamile, noma ukuthi ababambisene nabo bachitha u- $ 2.5 billion ngonyaka bekhankasa ngokumelene nokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo eNyakatho Melika.

Umthombo kulesi simangalo esingalungile nguJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto (ongaziwa kanjalo kwi Newsweek athikili), manje oqondisa inkampani ye-PR ebizwa nge-v-Fluence Interactive.

Ukuhwebelana nge-imeyili kuveza ukuthi iMonsanto isebenza kanjani nabantu abanjengoJay Byrne - kanye noByrne ngqo - ukusunduza lolu hlobo lokuhlaselwa kwezitha zikaMonsanto ngenkathi kugcinwa ukubandakanyeka kwenkampani kuyimfihlo.

Ngokwama-imeyili atholwe iqembu lami Ilungelo le-US Lokwazi, U-Byrne wadlala indima enkulu ekusizeni iMonsanto ukuba isungule iqembu eliphambili lenkampani elibizwa nge-Academics Review elashicilela umbiko ohlasela imboni yezimboni njengomkhonyovu wokumaketha - okuyisihloko ngqo kuMiller's Newsweek isihloko.

Uhlu lukaJay Byrne lwezitha zaseMonsanto. 

Umqondo weqembu langaphambili - kuchazwe ku- ama-imeyili engiwabike lapha - bekuzokwakha ipulatifomu enomsindo othembekile lapho izifundiswa zingahlasela abagxeki bemboni yezolimo ngenkathi bethi zizimele, kepha zithola imali ngasese emaqenjini ezimboni. Ukucwayiza, ukucwayiza, ha, ha.

"Ukhiye kuzogcina iMonsanto ingemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi," kubhale umphathi weMonsanto ohilelekile ohlelweni.

Indima kaByrne, ngokusho kwama-imeyili, ibizosebenza njenge "moto yokuhweba" ukusiza ukuthola imali yenkampani. U-Byrne uphinde wathi uhlanganisa uhlu “lwamathuba” okuhlosiwe - abagxeka imboni yezolimo okungenzeka ukuthi "bafakwe umjovo" endaweni yesikhulumi sabafundi.

Abantu abaningana kuhlu lwamathuba ka-Byrne, noma kamuva bahlaselwa yi-Academics Review, babeyizisulu ku-Miller's Newsweek isihloko, futhi.

IMiller's Newsweek ucezu naye uzame ukudicilela phansi umsebenzi we New York Times ' intatheli uDanny Hakim, ngaphandle kokudalula ukuthi kwakunguHakim owadalula ihlazo likaMiller lokubhala ngesipoki likaMiller.

Njengakamuva nje ukuhlaselwa kwemboni yemvelo, yonke iminwe ikhomba emuva ezinkampanini zezolimo ezizolahlekelwa kakhulu uma isidingo sabathengi siqhubeka nokukhuphuka kokudla okungenawo ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Ukusetshenziswa KukaMonsanto “Okuzimele Kwezemfundo”

UHenry Miller une- umlando omude wokusebenzisana no - no ebeka izinsizakalo zakhe ze-PR - izinkampani ezidinga usizo lokukholisa umphakathi ukuthi imikhiqizo yazo ayiyona ingozi futhi ayidingi ukulawulwa.

Futhi iMonsanto incike kakhulu kubantu abaneziqinisekiso zesayensi noma amaqembu azwakala engathathi hlangothi ukwenza lezo zingxabano - abantu abazimisele ukuxhumana nombhalo wenkampani ngenkathi bethi bangabalingisi abazimele. Leli qiniso lisungulwe ngokubika ku New York Times, Okwezwe, WBEZ, lo Ukuqhubeka phambili futhi ezinye izindawo eziningi eminyakeni yakamuva.

Idokhumenti esanda kukhishwa yeMonsanto inikeza imininingwane eyengeziwe mayelana nokuthi inkulumo-ze kaMonsanto nokusebenza kokunxenxa kusebenza kanjani, kanye nendima esemqoka edlalwa nguHenry Miller kuyo.

Lo 2015 “uhlelo lokulungiselela”- ekhishwe abameli ezinkantolo zomdlavuza i-glyphosate - ibeka isu likaMonsanto le-PR" lokuhlela ukukhala "ngokumelene nososayensi bomdlavuza we-IARC ngombiko wabo we-glyphosate. Owokuqala ongakhishwa: "Bandakanya uHenry Miller."

Uhlelo luzoqhubeka lunezigaba ezine "zabalingani bemboni" - amaqembu ezokuhweba ayishumi nambili, amaqembu ezemfundo kanye namaqembu aphambili abonakala ezimele afana ne Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project - lokho kungasiza "ukugoma" ngokumelene nombiko womdlavuza futhi "kuvikele isithunzi… se-Roundup."

UMiller uhambisele iMonsanto ngoMashi 2015 esihlokweni eForbes - lo mbhalo kamuva wembula njengombhalo kaMonsanto - uhlasela ososayensi be-IARC. Ozakwethu bezimboni bebelokhu bephusha izimpikiswano ezifanayo ngemigudu ehlukahlukene kaninginingi, selokhu, ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi bomdlavuza.

Okuningi kwalokhu kugxeka kubonakale emphakathini njengokuvukela okuzenzekelayo kokukhathazeka, kungakhulunywa ngeqhaza likaMonsanto njengomqambi nomqhubi womlando: i-hoodwink yenkampani yakudala.

Njengoba eminye imibhalo ingena embusweni womphakathi - nge Amaphepha eMonsanto futhi uphenyo lwamarekhodi womphakathi - iqhinga "lokufunda elizimele" kuzoba nzima ukuligcinela abasebenza embonini njengoHenry I. Miller, kanye nabezindaba nabenzi benqubomgomo abangayinaki.

Okwamanje, Newsweek ayihlehli. Ngisho nangemva kokubuyekeza imibhalo eqinisekisa amaqiniso akule ndatshana, Newsweek Umhleli wemibono uNicholas Wapshott ubhale ku-imeyili ukuthi, “Ngiyakuqonda ukuthi wena noMiller ninomlando omude wokuphikisana ngalesi sihloko. Ukuphika ngokusobala okuqinisekisile. ”

UMiller noWapshott abaphendulanga eminye imibuzo.

UStacy Malkan ungomunye wabaphathi beqembu elibheka abathengi nelisebenza obala, i-US Right to Know. Ungumbhali wencwadi ethi, “Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry” (New Society, 2007). Ukudalulwa: I-US Right to Know ixhaswe ngokwengxenye yi-Organic Consumers Association eshiwo ku-athikili kaMiller futhi evela kuhlu olushaywayo lukaByrne.

Kungani iForbes Isuse Ezinye Izindatshana ZaseKavin Senapathy

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ngubani okhokhela uKavin Senapathy ukukhuthaza ama-GMO? 

UKavin Senapathy uvele njengombhali ngo-2015 enezindatshana ezikhuthaza ama-GMO, evikela ama-pesticides kanye nabahlaseli abagxekayo bemboni yezolimo, iningi labo elishicilelwe eForbes. Akayidaluli imithombo yakhe yezimali.

Ku-2017, iForbes isuse izindatshana eziyisikhombisa uSenapathy ahlanganiswe nazo UHenry I. Miller, owake waba ngumuntu waseHoover Institution, olandelayo izambulo kuNew York Times ukuthi uMonsanto ubhale isipoki ngendatshana eshicilelwe ngaphansi kwegama likaMiller eForbes. UForbes uphinde wasusa udaba uSenapathy alubhalile mayelana nokwenza izinto obala, okwakushoda obala. Namanje phezulu kusayithi leForbes yi- esihlokweni ubhalisane noCameron English, osebenzela i-American Council on Science and Health, a iqembu langaphambili elikhokhelwa iMonsanto.

KaSenapathy Iphrofayili exhunyiwe umbeka ohlwini njengombhali onikela ku Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, enye yezolimo umkhakha weqembu eliphambili lokho kusebenza eduze neMonsanto.

ISenapathy yasungula ngokubambisana iMarch Against Modification Myths (MAMyths), iqembu elihlela imibhikisho elwa nabagxeki be-biotechnology (kanye nenxusa leqembu le-GMO promotion Kwenziwe kabusha). Ubuye wabhala u-2015 ibhuku lokho kukhuthaza ama-GMO, izimangalo i-aspartame futhi i-MSG iphephile, futhi ihlose ukuchaza "amaqiniso abangela ukwesabeka kwezibulala-zinambuzane ezinobuthi."

Okungenani Imibhalo Eyisikhombisa Isuswe yiForbes 

Ukusebenzisana noHenry I. Miller 

USenapathy waqala ukwabelana ngomugqa noHenry Miller ngo-2015 ochungechungeni lwezindatshana zeForbes ezivikela ama-GMO. Izindatshana yilezi kukhushulwe lapha yi-Hoover Institution, ithangi lokucabanga lenqubomgomo lelo ithola uxhaso kusuka kuzisekelo zamaphiko angakwesokudla kanye nezinkampani.

IForbes isuse izindatshana zeMiller / Senapathy ngemuva kuka-Agasti 2017 Umbiko weNew York Times:

"Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi uHenry I. Miller… ucele uMonsanto ukuba amenzele incwadi azoyibonisa ikakhulukazi ebibhalwe ngegama lakhe kuwebhusayithi yeForbes ngonyaka ka-2015… IForbes iyisusile le ndaba kwi-website yayo ngoLwesithathu yathi yaqeda ubuhlobo bayo noMnu. Miller phakathi kwezambulo. ”

Isihloko ku I-Watch Retraction ucaphuna uMia Carbonell, i-VP ephezulu yezokuxhumana emhlabeni wonke eForbes:

“Bonke ababambe iqhaza kuForbes.com basayina inkontileka edinga ukuthi badalule noma yikuphi ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo okungaba khona futhi bashicilele kuphela okuqukethwe okungumbhalo wabo wokuqala. Kuthe lapho sifika ukuthi uMnu. Miller wephule le migomo, sakususa konke abengakuthumele kuForbes.com futhi saqeda ubudlelwano bethu naye. ”

The ama-imeyili phakathi kukaMiller nomphathi weMonsanto khombisa ukuthi izinkampani zisebenza kanjani nababhali abanjengoMiller ukukhuthaza amaphuzu okukhuluma embonini ngenkathi begcina ukusebenzisana kwabo kuyimfihlo. Kulokhu, umphathi we-Monsanto wacela uMiller ukuthi abhale ikholomu evikela i-glyphosate futhi wamnikeza "okusalukhuni impela" njengokuthi "kuyisiqalo esihle somlingo wakho." Okusalungiswa kwavela ezinsukwini ezimbalwa kamuva ku Forbes, ikakhulukazi engashintshiwe, ngaphansi kwegama likaMiller.

Ukungaboni Okusobala

Forbes futhi isusiwe okungenani i-athikili eyodwa enomugqa wedwa kaSenapathy. Isiqephu sika-Agasti 17, "Lesi Sivivinyo Sokuxhaswa Kwabantu Abaningi Sinikeza Isifundo Sokubonisa Ngale" (manje esivele ku Medium), wagxeka iMonsanto ngokubuyekezwa kokuphepha kwe-ghostphosate, echaza lesi sigameko njenge- "transparency blunder" kanye ne- "PR gaffe." Yize kushicilelwe emavikini ngemuva kwemibiko yezindaba yokuthi uMonsanto ubhale i-athikili kumuntu asebenzisana naye uHenry Miller, udaba lukaSenapathy mayelana nokwenza izinto obala alukwazanga ukusho lelo qiniso.

"Ukuphikisana okusemthethweni" kuphakanyisiwe mayelana "nokuzimela"

Ku-Sept. 2015 Project Syndicate esihlokweni enesihloko esithi “GMOs and Junk Science,” uSenapathy noMiller basola izimboni zokudla zemvelo nokusebenzisa kabi igunya lesayensi nokukhipha inkulumo-ze. I-Project Syndicate ingeziwe inothi yalo mhleli esiqeshini ngo-Agasti 4, 2017:



“Kuphakanyiswe izikhalazo ezisemthethweni mayelana nokuzimela nobuqotho bezincazelo uHenry Miller azibhalele iProject Syndicate nezinye izitolo, ikakhulukazi ukuthi uMonsanto, esikhundleni sikaMiller, wabhala ezinye zazo. Abafundi kufanele bazi ngalolu dlame olungaba khona lokuthakazelisa, obekuthi, ukube kwaziwa ngaleso sikhathi lapho kwamukelwa khona ukuphawula kukaMiller, ngabe kwaba yizizathu zokuzinqaba. ”

Amaqhinga angaphansi kwamaMAMyths 

USenapathy ungumsunguli we-March Against Myths of Modification, a iqembu ehlela imibhikisho ukubhekana nabagxeki bemboni yezolimo, njenge UDkt Vandana Shiva, futhi kwesinye isikhathi isebenzisa amaqhinga afihliwe. Ku-2016, ama-MAMyths ahlela umzamo ohlulekile wokunciphisa umcimbi weSikhungo Sokuphepha Kokudla eHawaii obonisa uVani Hari, iThe Food Babe.

Njengoba uHari echaze ku esihlokweni mayelana nesiqephu:

“Emahoreni angama-24 ngaphambi kokuba ngihlelelwe ukungena esteji, ngaziswe yiHawaii CFS ukuthi iqembu elalisekela i-GMO kanye neqembu lezishoshovu zokulingisa (MAMyths) laqala umkhankaso wokucekela phansi lo mcimbi. Amathikithi alo mcimbi abemahhala, kodwa bekunenani elilinganiselwe elitholakalayo njengoba indawo ibizokwazi ukuhlalisa abantu abathile kuphela…

I-MAMyths icele abalandeli bayo ukuthi bagcine amathikithi wamathikithi besebenzisa amagama angombombayi nama-imeyili mbumbulu ukuze kubonakale sengathi "kuthengisiwe" nokuthi sizobe sikhuluma endaweni engenalutho. Babekise amathikithi angaphezu kuka-1,500 XNUMX besebenzisa amagama anjenge- “Fraud Babe,” “Organic is Dumb,” “Susi Creamcheese,” ne- “Harriett Tubman” asuka kumakheli we-IP atholakala ngaphandle kweHawaii naphesheya kwezilwandle e-United Kingdom, Australia, China, Thailand, Germany , Sweden, kanye neNetherlands.

Aziphumelelanga ngoba iCFS yaseHawaii ithole ukuthi lezi zicelo mbumbulu zivela kuphi futhi yakwazi ukukhansela kalula ukubhuka kwazo. ”

Izimangalo ze-MAMyths ku- iwebhusayithi azikhokhelwa yiMonsanto noma enye imboni. Sonke singamavolontiya anothando lobulungiswa futhi lokhu sikwenza ngokuthanda kwethu. ” Ngokusho kukaSenapathy bio esizeni, "Ukholelwa ukuthi ukucabanga okunzulu kubalulekile ekukhuliseni izingane eziqoqekile, nokuthi ukwamukela i-biotechnology kubalulekile kule nhloso."

Incwadi Ichaza Ukunyakaza Kokudla "Njengengxenye Yamaphekula"

USenapathy ungumbhali-mbhali we-a ibhuku, “The Fear Babe: Shattering Vani Hari's Glass House,” eyashicilelwa ngo-Okthoba 2015 ngu ISenapath Press. Incwadi ikhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, izimangalo i-aspartame futhi i-MSG iphephile, futhi ihlose ukuchaza "amaqiniso abangela ukwesabeka kwezibulala-zinambuzane ezinobuthi."

Ababhali abambisene nabo nguMark Alsip, i-blogger ye- Isayensi Engalungile Ikhishwe, noMarc Draco, ochazwa njengelungu lomakadebona le- Kuvinjelwe Ukudla Babe Ikhasi le-Facebook. Ukuya phambili kubhalwe yiYunivesithi yaseFlorida USolwazi Kevin Folta.

Incwadi iye phambili ichaza ukunyakaza kokudla “njengeqembu lamaphekula lwanamuhla elisezingeni eliphakeme futhi elixhaswe kahle ngemali elifungile ukuthi lizosebenzisa ukwesaba ukuphoqelela ushintsho lwezepolitiki ezungeze ukudla,” kanye neqembu “lamaphekula agile futhi anyonyobayo. Njengawo wonke amaqembu amaphekula afeza izinhloso zawo ngokusebenzisa ukwesaba nokuphoqa. ”

Amakhemikhali Emboni Yezamakhemikhali

I-USRTK ihlanganise uchungechunge lwamaphepha amaqiniso ngabalobi namaqembu e-PR imboni yezolimo ithembele ekwenziweni kokungabaza ngesayensi ephakamisa ukukhathazeka ngemikhiqizo eyingozi futhi ephikisana nokuvikelwa kwempilo yezemvelo.
Kungani Ungethembi UHenry I. Miller
- UJulie Kelly Upheka Inkulumo-ze Yezimboni Zamakhemikhali
I-American Council on Science and Health yiCorporate Front Group
UJon Entine weProjekthi Yezifundo Zokufunda Nokubhala: I-Master Industry's Master Messenger
UTrevor Butterworth / Sense Mayelana neSayensi Isebenzisa Isayensi Yezimboni
- Ngabe Isayensi Yezindaba Yesikhungo Ishintsha Ukubukwa Kwebhizinisi Lwesayensi?

Landela uphenyo lwe-USRTK Lokudla Okukhulu namaqembu alo angaphambili: https://usrtk.org/our-investigations/

UHenry Miller Ulahlwe nguForbes weMonsanto Ghostwriting Scandal

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ukuvuselelwa: Ngo-Agasti ka-2018, uMiller washiya indawo yakhe engamashumi amabili njengomuntu eHoover Institution ngezizathu ezingaziwa. Manje ungumuntu ophakeme nePacific Research Institute, ithangi lokucabanga ixhaswe izisekelo zamaphiko angakwesokudla ezihlobene ne-Koch Brothers ukuthi kuthuthukisa ukungabaza kwesayensi yezulu futhi ifuna ukuqeda imithethonqubo yezemvelo.

UHenry I. Miller, MD, owayengumphathi we-FDA futhi esengumqondisi we-FDA Office of Biotechnology; unomlando omude wokuphikisana nokuvikelwa kwempilo yomphakathi nokuthatha izikhundla ngaphandle kokujwayelekile kwesayensi. UDkt. Miller uthe inicotine “ayiyimbi kangako kuwe,” kusho amazinga aphansi emisebe engaba wusizo empilweni, futhi efuna ukwethulwa kabusha kwe-DDT yokubulala izinambuzane. Mhlawumbe ungumgqugquzeli owaziwa kakhulu futhi owaziwa kakhulu ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, ebhalela iWall Street Journal, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Forbes nezinye izitolo.

Ngo-Agasti 2017, iForbes yasusa wonke amakholomu abhalwe noma abhalwa ngokubambisana nguMiller ngemuva kwezambulo zokuthi uMonsanto ubhale umoya ikholomu uMiller ayishicilela ngaphansi kwegama lakhe eForbes.

Ukubhalwa kwesipoki kweMonsanto / kwehliswe ngabakwaForbes

Ngo-Agasti 1, 2017, the INew York Times ibike:

“Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi uHenry I. Miller wacela uMonsanto ukuba amenzele udaba olwalusibonisa ikakhulu olwavela ngaphansi kwegama lakhe kuwebhusayithi yeForbes ngo-2015. IForbes yalususa lolu daba kwi-website yalo ngoLwesithathu yathi lwaphela ubuhlobo bayo noMnu. Miller phakathi kwezambulo. ”

The ama-imeyili phakathi kuka-Eric Sachs kaMiller noMonsanto khombisa ukuthi izinkampani nababhali kwesinye isikhathi basebenza kanjani ndawonye ukukhuthaza amaphuzu okukhuluma ezinkampani ngezindlela ezingadalulwanga kubahleli noma emphakathini.

Kuma-imeyili, uSachs wacela uMiller ukuthi abhale nge-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) engcupheni yomdlavuza we-glyphosate. UMiller uphendule wathi, "Ngingaba njalo uma ngingaqala ngokusukela ebhalweni eliphezulu." USachs wanikeza lokho akubiza ngokuthi "kusalukhuni", wakuchaza kuMiller "njengesiqalo esihle somlingo wakho." Okusalungiswa kwavela ezinsukwini ezimbalwa kamuva, kungashintshiwe, ku le kholomu yeForbes lokho kwavela ngaphansi kwegama likaMiller.

Ngokuvumelana ne I-Watch Retraction, AbakwaForbes basuse umsebenzi kaMiller ngoba wephula imithetho yeFobes.com ethi abanikeli bamemezele noma yikuphi ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo okungaba khona futhi bashicilele umbhalo wabo wokuqala. "Kuthe lapho sinakwa ukuthi uMnu. Miller wephule le migomo, sakususa konke abengakuthumele kuForbes.com futhi saqeda ubudlelwano bethu naye," kusho uMia Carbonell, oyi-VP ephezulu yezokuxhumana emhlabeni wonke eForbes.

I-Forbes iphinde yasusa izindatshana ezihlanganiswe nguMiller nezinye izimboni zamakhemikhali, ezibandakanya UJulie Kelly, UKavin Senapathy futhi UBruce Chassy.

IProject Syndicate ingeze inothi yalo mhleli phezulu kuma-athikili ebhalwe nguMiller (futhi kamuva wasusa amakholomu ngokuphelele):

Kuphakanyiswe ukuphikisana ngokusemthethweni mayelana nokuzimela nobuqotho bezincazelo uHenry Miller azibhalele iProject Syndicate nezinye izitolo; ikakhulukazi ukuthi iMonsanto, esikhundleni sikaMiller, yabhala ezinye zazo. Abafundi kufanele bazi ngalokhu kungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo okungaba khona, okwakuthi, uma kwaziwa ngaleso sikhathi lapho kwamukelwa khona ukuphawula kukaMiller, ngabe bekuyizizathu zokuba benqabe.

Ibizwa njengokulethwa kumbhalo weMonsanto PR

Idokhumenti yeMonsanto PR ichaza izinhlelo zenkampani “zokuvikela ukubuyiswa kanye ne-FTO yeRoundup” ngokudicilela phansi umbiko wenhlangano yomdlavuza ngengozi yomdlavuza ye-glyphosate. Ikhasi 2 lecebo lichaza okwethulwa kwangaphandle kokuqala: "Xoxa noHenry Miller." Imibhalo ebikwe yi New York Times khombisa ukuthi umphathi we-Monsanto ucele uMiller ukuthi abhale ngombiko womdlavuza futhi wamnikeza uhlaka uMiller akubhalile olungashintshi ngaphansi kwegama lakhe eForbes.

Funda okuningi ngohlelo lweMonsanto PR lokwehlisa isithunzi i-IARC lapha.

Ukuxhaswa nokufaka izinsizakalo zakhe ze-PR

IHoover Institution, lapho uMiller ahlala khona njengomuntu, ithole uxhaso lwezimali ku izinkampani namaqembu ezimboni, kufaka phakathi i-Exxon Mobil kanye neAmerican Chemistry Council, kanye nezisekelo ezinamaphiko okudla - iSarah Scaife Foundation, iSearle Freedom Trust, iLynde neHarry Bradley Foundation, iCharles Koch Foundation, iDonors Trust - nezinye abaxhasi abahola phambili bokuphika isayensi yezulu nokuthi phusha ukwehliswa komthetho kuwo wonke umnotho.

Miller wabeka izinkonzo zakhe ze-PR ngo-1998 “Uhlelo Lokusebenza Lokukhuthaza Isayensi Yemisindo Kwezempilo, Kwinqubomgomo Yezemvelo kanye ne-Biotechnology.” Lo mbhalo, othunyelwe ku-UCSF Tobacco Industry Documents Library, uchaza imali ekhokhwayo kaMiller yokubhala izindatshana, u- $ 5,000- $ 15,000, futhi waphakamisa nohlelo olwandisiwe lwe- “science and risk communication” lokubandakanya ukuhlela izinkulumo, ukuthuthukisa ubukhona bewebhu nokushicilela incwadi. (Umthombo: «Amaphepha eMonsanto »: la bataille de l'information, nguStéphane Foucart noStéphane Horel eLe Monde, ngoJuni 2, 2017.)

Umngani nomphathi weqembu eliphambili lenkampani i-ACSH

UMiller “umngane futhi longtimumphathiswa”WoMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo, futhi uchazwe futhi njengo“Umqondisi”Walelo qembu. I-ACSH iyi- iqembu langaphambili lebhizinisi lokho kufaka izinsizakalo zayo ezinkampanini ngokuvikela umkhiqizo, ngokusho kowezi-2012 uhlelo lwezimali oluputshukile.

Ukuvikela imboni kagwayi

Ku-1994 Imemo yecebo le-APCO Associates PR ukusiza uPhillip Morris ukuhlela umkhankaso womhlaba wonke wokulwa nemithetho kagwayi, uHenry Miller kwathiwa "ungumsekeli ophambili" wale mizamo yomkhakha kagwayi.

Ngo-2012, uMiller wabhala ukuthi “i-nicotine… akukubi kangako kuwe ngamanani ahanjiswa ngogwayi noma imikhiqizo engenantuthu. ”

Ukwenqaba ukuguquka kwesimo sezulu

UMiller uyi ilungu "lebhodi lokweluleka ngesayensi" weGeorge C. Marshall Institute, edume ngoyela negesi imboni yenqatshelwa ngemali lokushintsha kwesimo sezulu.

Ukufuna ukuvezwa kwemisebe yenuzi kungaba "kuhle kuwe"

Ngo-2011, ngemuva kokuthi i-tsunami yaseJapane kanye nokuvuza kwemisebe kufekthri yamandla enuzi eFukushima, uMiller waphikisana eForbes ngokuthi “labo… abachayeke emazingeni aphansi emisebe kungenzeka wazuza kukho. ” Ubuze ku-Project Syndicate, “Can radiation? kube kuhle kuwe?"

Ukuvikela imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane 

UMiller uvikele ukusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane ze-neonicotinoid futhi wagxeka kuWall Street Journal ukuthi “iqiniso ukuthi abantu bezinyosi azinciphi. "

UMiller unayo ngokuphindaphindiwe waphikisana ukwethulwa kabusha kwe-DDT, isibulala-zinambuzane esinobuthi esivinjelwe e-United States kusukela ngo-1972, esixhunyaniswe nokukhulelwa ngaphambi kwesikhathi sokubeletha kanye nokukhubazeka kokuzala kwabesifazane.

Ukuhlasela imboni ephilayo

IMiller's ibhale ukuhlaselwa okuningi embonini yezinto eziphilayo, kufaka phakathi i- "The Colossal Hoax of Organic Agriculture" (Forbes), "Ukulima Ngokwemvelo Akusimeme" (Wall Street Journal) kanye ne "Iqiniso elingcolile Mayelana Nemikhiqizo Engokwemvelo" (Newsweek). INewsweek yenqabile ukudalula ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo zikaMiller; indatshana ye-2018 Newsweek kaMiller ehlasela imboni yemvelo kwaba ezungezwe izikhangiso zeBayer.

Izinkulumo zikaMiller mayelana nomkhakha wezinto eziphilayo, njengezimangalo eziningi zesayensi, zikude kakhulu nesayensi nokuqonda okuvamile. NgoMeyi 2017, Kusho uMiller, "Ukulima ngokwemvelo kuyimvelo lokho ukubhema ugwayi kuyimpilo yabantu."

Ukuvikela imboni yamaplastiki

Miller ivikelekile i-endocrine ephazamisa i-bisphenol A (BPA), evinjelwe eYurophu naseCanada ukuthi isetshenziswe emabhodleleni ezingane.

Imibhalo kaMiller ekhiqiza kakhulu imboni ifaka phakathi

UJayson Lusk noHenry I. Miller, "Sidinga i-GMO Wheat. " New York Times, NgoFebhuwari 2, 2014. UHenry I. Miller noGregory Conko, “I-General Mills Inombono Wama-Soggy wama-Cheerios. " Wall Street Journal, Januwari 20, 2014. UHenry I. Miller, “Ubuzenzisi Bokudla Kwe-GM eNdiya. " Wall Street Journal, Novemba 28, 2012. UHenry I. Miller, “Ukulima Ngokwemvelo Akusimeme. " Wall Street Journal, Meyi 15, 2014. UHenry I. Miller, “Izitshalo Ezengeziwe Zokwehla. " Iphrojekthi Syndicate, Agasti 7, 2014. UHenry Miller, “I-Anti-GMO Hysteria yaseCalifornia. " Buyekeza National, Mashi 31, 2014. UHenry I. Miller, “Ubunjiniyela Bofuzo kanye nokulwa ne-Ebola. " Wall Street Journal, Agasti 25, 2014. UHenry I. Miller, “Umthethosivivinywa Welebula LeSalmon Kufanele Uphonswe Emuva. " I-Orange County Register, Ephreli 4, 2011. UHenry I. Miller, “Amalebula we-GE asho izindleko eziphakeme. " San Francisco Chronicle, Septhemba 7, 2012. UGregory Conko noHenry Miller, “Ukufakwa kophawu kokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kuyisiphakamiso esilahlekayo. " Forbes, Septhemba 12, 2012. UGregory Conko noHenry I. Miller, “Isiphakamiso Esilahlekile Selebuli Yokudla. " I-Orange County Register, Okthoba 11, 2012. UHenry I. Miller noBruce Chassy, ​​“Ososayensi Banuka Igundane Esifundweni Sokukhohlisa Sobunjiniyela Bofuzo. " Forbes, Septhemba 25, 2012. UJay Byrne noHenry I. Miller, “Imisuka Yenhlangano Yobunjiniyela Bokulwa Nofuzo? Landela Imali!" Forbes, Okthoba 22, 2012.

Izindatshana zikaMiller ezisuswe kuForbes zifaka phakathi: UHenry I. Miller noJulie Kelly, “How Organic Agriculture Evolve from from Marketing Tool to Evil Empire,” Forbes, Ngomhlaka 2, 2015; UHenry I. Miller noJulie Kelly, "Ukuxhaswa Kwesifundazwe Kwezolimo Zemvelo Kufanele Kulinywe Ngaphansi Kwakho," Forbes, Julayi 12, 2017; UHenry I. Miller noJulie Kelly, "Ukuthandwa Nguhulumeni Nokuxhaswa Kwezolimo Zemvelo: Landela Imali," Forbes, Septhemba 23, 2015.

Imibhalo Mayelana noMiller 

"Abanye be-GMO Cheerleaders Baphika Nokuguquka Kwesimo Sezulu" - umama Jones

"I-Pro-Science GMO kanye ne-Chemical Boosters Ixhaswe Abaphikisi Besimo Sezulu" - Isazi sezinto eziphilayo

"I-DDT neMalaria: Ukulungisa irekhodi liqonde" - Inethiwekhi ye-Pesticide Action

"Isikhangiso se-TV Against Food Labing Initiative Siyadonswa" - Los Angeles Times

"Isikhangiso saseStanford Sifuna Isikhangiso Esiphikisana Nesivumelwano Sokushintshwa 37" - Izindaba zePalo Alto

Amakhemikhali Emboni Yezamakhemikhali

I-USRTK ihlanganise uchungechunge lwamaphepha amaqiniso ngabalobi namaqembu e-PR imboni yezolimo ithembele ekwenziweni kokungabaza ngesayensi ephakamisa ukukhathazeka ngemikhiqizo eyingozi futhi ephikisana nokuvikelwa kwempilo yezemvelo.
Kungani Ungethembi UHenry I. Miller
- Kungani iForbes Isuse Ezinye Izindatshana ZaseKavin Senapathy
- UJulie Kelly Upheka Inkulumo-ze Yezimboni Zamakhemikhali
I-American Council on Science and Health iyiCorporate Front Group
UJon Entine weProjekthi Yezifundo Zokufunda Nokubhala: I-Master Industry's Master Messenger
UTrevor Butterworth / Sense Mayelana neSayensi Isebenzisa Isayensi Yezimboni
- Ngabe Isayensi Yezindaba Yesikhungo Ishintsha Ukubukwa Kwebhizinisi Lwesayensi?

Landela uphenyo lwe-USRTK Lokudla Okukhulu namaqembu alo angaphambili: https://usrtk.org/our-investigations/

Izigxivizo zeminwe zeMonsanto Zithole Konke Ukuhlaselwa Kokudla Okuphilayo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Le ndatshana ivele okokuqala ku- Huffington Post.

NguStacy Malkan

Lapho inhlangano engenzi nzuzo enedumela elihle ikhipha umbiko ohlasela imboni yokudla yemvelo ngo-Ephreli 2014, leli qembu lenza konke okusemandleni alo ukuzimela.

Ikhasi le-30 umbiko by Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, echazwe “njengengenzi nzuzo eholwa ochwepheshe abazimele bezemfundo kwezolimo nakwezesayensi yokudla,” yathola ukuthi abathengi babekhohliswa ukuba basebenzise imali ethe xaxa yokudla okuphilayo ngenxa yemikhuba yokukhangisa ekhohlisayo eyenziwa imboni yezinto eziphilayo.

Izihloko ezisematheni ezentengiselwano zababaza: “Okungokwemvelo kuveziwe!” (Izindaba zeBrownfield) nokuthi “Imboni Engokwemvelo Iyakhula Ngabathengi Abakhohlisayo” (Izindaba Zokuphepha Kokudla), bethi okutholakele ngochwepheshe abazimele.

Lokhu okutholwe “kuvunyelwe yithimba lamazwe omhlaba lesayensi ezimele yezolimo, isayensi yokudla, ongoti bezomnotho nabezomthetho abavela ezikhungweni zomhlaba ezihlonishwayo,” ngokusho kweqembu isitatimende sephephandaba.

Uma ngabe iphuzu mayelana nenkululeko belingacacanga, ukukhishwa kwabezindaba kugcina ngalokhu: “Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundiswa akunakho ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo okuhlobene nalolu shicilelo, nazo zonke izindleko ezihambisanayo ezikhokhelwe ukusebenzisa izimali zethu jikelele ngaphandle kokucaciswa okuthile ithonya noma isiqondiso somnikeli. ”

Okungazange kushiwo embikweni, ukukhishwa kwezindaba noma kuwebhusayithi: Abaphathi beMonsanto Co, umkhokheli ohola phambili emhlabeni wezolimo kanye nembewu eyenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, kanye nabalingani abakhulu beMonsanto, ababambe iqhaza ekuqoqeni isikhwama se-Academics Review, babambisana namasu waze waxoxa nangezinhlelo zokufihla uxhaso lwezimboni, ngokusho kwama-imeyili etholwe yi-US Right to Know ngezicelo zombuso ze-Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

Izinhloso zikaMonsanto ekuhlaseleni imboni yezinto eziphilayo zisobala: Imbewu namakhemikhali kaMonsanto anqatshelwe ukusetshenziswa kwezolimo, futhi ingxenye enkulu yemiyalezo kaMonsanto ukuthi imikhiqizo yayo iphakeme kunokwemvelo njengamathuluzi okukhulisa ukukhiqizwa kokudla komhlaba wonke.

Izifundiswa Phatha Umyalezo kaMonsanto 

I-Academics Review yasungulwa ngokubambisana "ngoprofesa ababili abazimele… emaphethelweni ohlangothi lweplanethi," uBruce Chassy, ​​Ph.D., uprofesa osafufusa e-University of Illinois, noDavid Tribe, Ph.D., umfundisi omkhulu e-University of Melbourne . Bona Faka isicelo iqembu "lamukela kuphela iminikelo engavinjelwe emithonjeni engeyona eyezinkampani."

Kodwa-ke ukuhwebelana ngama-imeyili okubili ngo-2010 kuveza izinhlelo zokuthola uxhaso lwezinkampani lwe-Academics Review ngenkathi kugcinwa iminwe yenkampani ifihliwe.

Ngo-Mashi 11, 2010 ukushintshana nge-imeyili noChassy, ​​uJay Byrne, owayeyinhloko yezokuxhumana eMonsanto manje osephethe i- I-PR kanye nefemu yocwaningo lwemakethe, wanikela ngokusebenza "njengemoto yezentengiso" ukusiza ukuthola uxhaso lwezinkampani lwe-Academics Review.

UChassy uxoxe ngentshisekelo yakhe yokuhlasela imboni ephilayo kuma-imeyili. "Ngingathanda ukuba negama eliphakeme phakathi kwe-aura engokwemvelo lapho ngizokwethula khona imicibisholo ye-ballistic…" ubhale wathi, "Ngiqinisekile anginayo imali."

U-Byrne uphendule wathi,

“Yebo, ngiphakamisa ukuthi sisebenzele imali (yethu sonke) kuqala futhi ngokushesha! Ngiphakamise uVal [Giddings, owayeyisekela likamongameli we-BIO, inhlangano yokuhweba embonini ye-biotech] ukuthi mina naye sihlangane ngenkathi ngise-DC ngesonto elizayo ukuze sikwazi (hhayi nge-imeyili) ukuthola isithombe esicacile sezinketho ngokuyisa iphrojekthi ye-Academic Review namanye amathuba. "Isikhungo Sokukhululeka Kwabathengi" (ActivistCash.com) singene ngalokhu ngokweqile. "

ICentre for Consumer Freedom iqondiswa nguRick Berman, ilobbyist obizwe “UDkt Evil"Futhi"inkosi yamaqembu angaphambili ezinkampani kanye nenkulumo-ze“Ngomsebenzi wakhe wokuqhakambisa imboni kagwayi nezinye izinto ezibandakanyeka ezinkampanini ngaphansi kwamaqembu angachemile.

"Ngicabanga ukuthi sinomqondo ongcono kakhulu," kusho uByrne etshela uChassy.

U-Byrne wabelana ngohlu lwamathuba ahlosiwe ngabantu, amaqembu kanye nokuqukethwe okugxeka ama-GMO kanye neMonsanto: UVandana Shiva, Andrew Kimbrell, Ronnie Cummins, Sierra Club, Greenpeace, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, incwadi kaMichael Pollan ethi “In Defense of Ukudla, ”ama-movie athi“ Food, Inc ”ne-“ The World According to Monsanto, ”kanye“ nesihloko esinqamula kuzo zonke izindawo ezinobungozi ze-ag-biotech (ngaphandle kokuwela / ukungcola, izinyosi, izimvemvane, ukuphepha kwabantu, njll.) . ”

"Bonke laba bantu, izinhlangano, izinto zokuqukethwe nezindawo zezihloko zisho imali yezinkampani ezahlukahlukene ezithende kahle, uByrne wabhala, enezela:

Bonke laba bantu, izinhlangano, izinto zokuqukethwe nezindawo zezihloko zisho imali yezinhlangano zezinkampani ezithende kahle.

“Ngikholwa wukuthi mina noVal singakhomba futhi sisebenze njengezimoto ezifanele (ezingezona ezemfundo) esingaxhuma ngazo lezi zinhlaka nomsebenzi ngephrojekthi ngendlela esiza ukuqinisekisa ukuthembeka nokuzimela (futhi ngaleyo ndlela kube nenani) labanikeli abakhulu / abanikazi… Ngikholwa ukuthi ikhabethe lethu lekhishi lapha lingasebenza njengabagcini bamasango (kwezinye izimo abathathi ntela) ukuze kutholakale izimpendulo ezisebenzayo, ezithembekile, ukugoma kanye nokwenza imisebenzi ngokusebenzisa leplatifomu yephrojekthi… ”

"Kuzwakala kukuhle kimi," kuphendula uChassy. “Nginesiqiniseko sokuthi uzongitshela ukuthi nixoxa ngani.”

Ku-an ukushintshana nge-imeyili noChassy yangomhla kaNovemba 30, 2010, u-Eric Sachs, ophethe ezobudlelwano nomphakathi eMonsanto, waxoxa ngokuthola ukwesekwa kwebhizinisi kwe-Academics Review ngenkathi "egcina iMonsanto ingemuva."

USachs ubhalele uChassy:

"Mina nawe sidinga ukukhuluma kabanzi ngesayithi kanye nomqondo" wokubuyekezwa kwezifundiswa ". Ngikholwa wukuthi kunendlela eya enqubweni ebingaphendula kangcono ekukhathazekeni nasezinsolweni zesayensi. Ngihlanganyele noVal izolo. Ngokombono wami inkinga ingenye yokubandakanyeka kochwepheshe futhi engaxazululwa ngokukhokha ochwepheshe ukuze banikeze izimpendulo. Mina nawe sixoxe ngalokhu esikhathini esedlule. UVal uchaze ukuthi igxathu lokuqala lisungula isimo esingu-501 (c) sesi-3 sokungenzi nzuzo ukwenza lula ukuqoqwa kwemali. Lokho kunengqondo kepha kukhona okuningi. Ngixoxile noJerry Steiner namuhla (Ithimba Elilawulayo leMonsanto) futhi ngingasiza ukukhuthaza i-CLI / BIO / CBI nezinye izinhlangano ukuthi zisekele. Ukhiye kuzoba ukugcina iMonsanto ingemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi. ”

Ukhiye uzobe ugcina iMonsanto ngemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi.

I-CLI / BIO / CBI ibhekisa emaqenjini amathathu okuhweba embonini - iCrop Life International, iBiotechnology Innovation Organisation kanye noMkhandlu Wezokwazisa ngeBiotechnology Information - amele izinhlangano zezolimo.

UChassy uphendule uSachs, “Yebo kufanele sikhulume nge-Academics Review. Ngicabanga ukuthi sisesigabeni esisodwa. ”

Lapho ebuzwa ngqo ngezimali, uChassy uphendule nge-imeyili wathi: “Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundiswa akuceli noma kwamukele izimali kunoma yimuphi umthombo wocwaningo oluthile noma eminye imisebenzi ehambisana nanoma yimiphi imikhiqizo, izinsizakalo noma imboni. Ukubuyekezwa kwe-Academics kwamukela kuphela iminikelo engavinjelwe evela emithonjeni engekho yezinkampani ukusekela umsebenzi wethu. ”

Uthe ukubuyekeza kwe-Academics kwahlanganisa futhi kwabikwa ukuthi akukho mali engenayo ngo-2012 futhi wahlinzeka ngama-IRS form 990s for 2013 futhi 2014 (manje nayo ithunyelwe kuwebhusayithi). Leyo mibhalo ibika u- $ 419,830 kumali engenayo kepha ayifaki lwazi ngabanikeli. UChassy akazange aphendule ezicelweni zokunikeza lolo lwazi.

Cindezela Amakhava Ukuhlasela "Okuzimele" ku-Organic

I-Academics Review yakhipha ucwaningo lwayo lwezinto eziphilayo ngo-Ephreli 2014 kumjikelezo oqinile wokushicilelwa kwabezindaba ochaza okutholwe "ngabaphenyi abazimele":

“Imboni Yokudla Engokwemvelo Ike Yabandakanyeka Embikweni Wokufaka Izimangalo 'Wezinkulungwane Eziningi Zomphakathi Wokukhishwa Kolwazi' (I-Navigator Yokudla)

• “Umbiko: Imboni Engokwemvelo Ithole Iminyaka Engama-25 Yokukhula Ngokushesha Ngokusebenzisa Ukwesaba Nokukhohlisa”Izindaba Zokuphepha Kokudla)

• “Icala Elibi Lokumakethwa Kokudla Okuphilayo” (I-Dairyma kaHoardn)

• "Ukusebenzisa Ukwesaba Njengecebo Lokuthengisa" (Izindaba Zebhizinisi Lokudla)

In the New York Post, UNaomi Schaffer Riley wakha icala elibhekene "nobushiqela be-organic mommy mafia" abakhohliswa amaqhinga wokumaketha angenabungozi embonini yezinto eziphilayo. Imithombo yakhe ibandakanya umbiko we-Academics Review noJulie Gunlock, umbhali wencwadi ekhuluma “ngesiko lokwesaba.”

URiley akazange asho ukuthi uGunlock, kanye noRiley uqobo, bobabili abadala abafo e-Independent Women Forum, iqembu uxhaswa kakhulu yi-Donors Trust, enayo ukuhlaselwa kwezinkampani okubhange ezinyunyaneni, ezikoleni zomphakathi kanye nososayensi bezulu.

In the I-Register ye-Des Moines, UJohn R. Block, owayengunobhala wezoLimo e-US manje osebenzela inkampani yabameli enxenxa izintshisekelo zebhizinisi lezolimo, ubike “ngombiko we-blockbuster” we-Academics Review nemiphumela yayo yokuthi imfihlo yemboni yezimboni eyimpumelelo “ukumaketha kwabantu abamnyama. ”

The iqembu langaphambili lebhizinisi I-American Council on Science and Health, okuyi ithola uxhaso kusuka embonini yezolimo nalapho uChassy esebenza khona njengomeluleki wesayensi, ehlohla isihloko esithi "abamnyama abamaketha" kuma-athikili ngumongameli we-ACSH Hank campbell futhi UHenry I. Miller, MD, uzakwabo waseHoover Institute obesebenza njengesikhulumi ezikhangisweni ngomzamo wokubulala ilebula le-GMO eCalifornia, okwakunguMonsanto ohola imali.

Miller, onomlando omude wokwenza izimangalo zesayensi ezinganembile ukusekela izintshisekelo zebhizinisi, kusetshenziswe nombiko wokubuyekezwa kwezifundo njengomthombo wokuhlaselwa okungokwemvelo ku Newsweek futhi Buyekeza National, futhi wafuna ku Wall Street Journal ukuthi ukulima ngokwemvelo akusimeme.

Izindikimba ezifanayo zokulwa nemvelo zidlula kwezinye iziteshi ze-PR zezimboni zezolimo.

Izimpendulo ze-GMO, a iwebhusayithi yezokumaketha uxhaswe yizinkampani zeBig Six ze-agrichemical (futhi kuphi Chassy futhi Tribe zisebenza "njengochwepheshe abazimele"), zithuthukisa imibono yokuthi iyini imvelo akunampiloakukho okungcono ngemvelo futhi uhlelo lokumaketha nje - yize, ngokumangazayo, inkampani ye-PR eqhuba i-GMO Answers yethule iqembu elikhethekile eSan Francisco ukuzama imali emakethe yemvelo.

Ukuhamba Kwemali Kuya Esidlangalaleni; Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa Kuthula 

NgoMashi 2016, kubika uMonica Eng yeWBEZ kumadokhumende akhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto ikhokhele uSolwazi Bruce Chassy imali engaphezu kwama- $ 57,000 esikhathini esiyizinyanga ezingama-23 ukuhamba, ukubhala nokukhuluma ngamaGMO - imali engazange ivezelwe umphakathi.

Ngokophenyo luka-Eng, le mali ibiyingxenye okungenani yama- $ 5.1 million emalini engadalulwanga iMonsanto ethunyelwe nge-University of Illinois Foundation kubasebenzi baseyunivesithi nasezinhlelweni phakathi kuka-2005 no-2015.

"UChassy akazange adalule ubudlelwano bakhe bezezimali neMonsanto kumafomu wombuso noma eyunivesithi okuhloswe ngawo ukuthola ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo," kubika i-Eng.

“Imibhalo iqhubeka ikhombisa ukuthi uChassy kanye nenyuvesi bayalele iMonsanto ukuthi ifake leyo mali kwi-University of Illinois Foundation, okuwumgwamanda onamarekhodi avikelwe ekuhlolweni komphakathi. Isisekelo futhi sinamandla okuthatha imali yangasese bese siyikhiphela kumuntu 'njengeyunivesithi ekhokhelwayo' - engadalulwanga. ”

NgoJanuwari 2016, uCarey Gillam, umqondisi wezocwaningo wase-US Right to Know, kubikwe ngama-imeyili okukhombisa ukuthi amakhulu ezinkulungwane zamadola asegeleze esuka eMonsanto aya eNyuvesi yase-Illinois “njengoba uChassy ebambisene kumaphrojekthi amaningi neMonsanto ukulwisana nokukhathazeka komphakathi ngezitshalo ezishintshwe izakhi zofuzo (GMOs) - konke lokhu ngesikhathi ezimele njengesifundiswa esizimele sesikhungo somphakathi. ”

"Okutholayo lapho ufunda ngamaketanga e-imeyili amalungiselelo avumela abadlali bemboni ukuthi bahlanganise imiyalezo ye-pro-GMO ngaphakathi kweveli lobuchwepheshe obuzimele, futhi okuncane, uma kukhona, ukudalulwa esidlangalaleni kokuxhumana okwenzeka ngemuva," kubhala uGillam .

The okuthunyelwe kokugcina esizeni Sokubukeza Izifundo, sangomhla ka-Septhemba 2, 2015, yibhulogi kaChassy echaza ukuthi amanye ama-imeyili akhe azokwaziswa umphakathi ngenxa yezicelo ze-FOIA ze-US Right to Know, azibonakalisa njengokuhlaselwa eminyakeni engama-40 isayensi yomphakathi, ucwaningo nokufundisa.

Ukwesekwa kwezezimali okuvela emkhakheni ozimele ocwaningweni lomkhakha kahulumeni kanye nokufinyelela kubantu “kufanelekile, kuvamile futhi kuyadingeka ukufeza izidingo zomphakathi,” kubhala uChassy. "Ukwesekwa okunjalo kufanele, futhi kukho konke engikubonile, kube sobala futhi kwenziwe ngaphansi kweziqondiso zokuziphatha eziqinile zezikhungo zikahulumeni ezisizakala emikhakheni ezimele noma eminikelweni yomuntu ngamunye yezezimali."

Ezinsukwini ezintathu kamuva, amanye ama-imeyili kaChassy aqala ukwenziwa obala ekhasini lokuqala New York Times i-athikili yomlobi wezindaba ophumelele amahlandla amabili wePulitzer Prize u-Eric Lipton. ULipton ubike ukuthi uMonsanto wanikeza uChassy isibonelelo semali engadalulwanga ngo-2011 “yokwenza imisebenzi ye-biotechnology nemisebenzi yezemfundo.”

UChassy utshele uLipton ukuthi imali ayithola kuMonsanto "isize ekukhuphuleni izwi lakhe ngokuhamba, iwebhusayithi ayenzile nezinye izindlela."

Usathola I-Press njengoMthombo Ozimele 

Ngaphandle kokudalulwa kuma-imeyili nokudalulwa kwezibopho zezezimali zikaChassy eMonsanto, iwebhusayithi ye-Academics Review kanye nombiko wayo ohlasela imboni yezinto eziphilayo kusathunyelwe ku-inthanethi nazo zonke izincazelo ezithi zizimele.

Futhi uChassy usakujabulela ukusakazwa ngabezindaba njengochwepheshe "ozimele" kuma-GMO. NgoMeyi 2016, babili abahlukene Associated Press izindaba ucaphune uChassy ngaleso sihloko. Ayikho le ndaba eye yakhuluma ngokuxhumana kwezezimali kukaChassy nomphakathi manje neMonsanto.

UStacy Malkan ungomunye wabaphathi beqembu labathengi i-US Right to Know. Ungumbhali wencwadi ethole umklomelo, “Hhayi Ubuso nje Obuhle: I-Ugly Side ye-Beauty Industry” (New Society 2007). 

Abezindaba bawele kanjani ekuhlaselweni kweqembu langaphambili le-GMO kuDkt Oz

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Isihloko samaphoyinti angama-55 ku Slate blares, "Incwadi Evela Kodokotela Abadumile Ifanekisa I-Columbia Kufanele Ixoshe UDkt Oz Ngokuthola U-Quack." Indaba kaBen Mathis-Lilly isuselwa encwadini yeqembu lodokotela abafuna iColumbia University ikhulule uDkt Oz esikhundleni sakhe sokuba yiphini likasihlalo womnyango wezokuhlinza eColumbia College of Physicians and Surgeons.

“UDkt. U-Oz ukhombise kaningi ukubukela phansi isayensi nemithi esuselwa ebufakazini, kanye nokuphikisana okungenasisekelo nokungapheli ekuqinisweni kofuzo kwezitshalo zokudla, ”kusho incwadi, eyathunyelwa ngemuva nje kukaDkt Oz. isakaze umbukiso mayelana ne-glyphosate, i-herbicide ehlotshaniswa nezitshalo eziningi ezenziwe ngofuzo ezisanda kuqokwa njenge- kungenzeka i-carcinogen yomuntu yiNhlangano Yezempilo Yomhlaba.

Isikhalazo esiya eColumbia sisayinwe nguDkt. Henry I. Miller nozakwabo abayisishiyagalolunye, "bonke abangodokotela abahlonishwayo," kusho incwadi.

Ngakho-ke bangobani labodokotela abavelele?

UMathis-Lilly akazange awubuze lowo mbuzo, kanjalo nezintatheli ezazibhalele i-Associated Press, iWashington Post, e-USA Today, iNPR, iVox noma iNew York Daily News.

Ukube babekwenzile, babeyofunda ukuthi akubona bonke odokotela abasencwadini abagqame kangako. Omunye wayenjalo waphucwa ilayisense yakhe yezokwelapha eNew York wathunyelwa ekamu lasejele likahulumeni ngokukhwabanisa kweMedicaid. Yize kunjalo uDkt Gilbert Ross udlala iziqu zakhe ze-MD endimeni yakhe yokuba ngumongameli obambile we-American Council for Science and Health (ACSH). URoss wajoyina incwadi yaseColumbia yilungu lebhodi le-ACSH uDkt Jack Fisher.

Manje iyini i-ACSH? Yize ezinye izintatheli zikuthatha njengomthombo ozimele wesayensi, iqembu belilokhu likhona uxhaswe kakhulu ngu izinkampani zikawoyela, zamakhemikhali nezikagwayi, futhi unomlando omude wokwenza izitatimende ezinganembile ngesayensi ezizuzisa ngqo lezo zimboni - isibonelo ukusho ukuthi intuthu kagwayi ayixhunyene nokuhlaselwa yisifo senhliziyo, ukuthwebula akungcolisi amanzi, futhi akukho ukuvumelana kwesayensi mayelana nokushisa komhlaba.

Abanye abasayine le ncwadi - uMiller noDkt. Scott Atlas - bavela e-Hoover Institution, a ithangi lokucabanga elilondolozayo ezinze eStanford University enobudlelwano obukhethekile bokufaka umsebenzi we abaphikisa ukuguquka kwesimo sezulu.

"Ngamanye amazwi, yisikhungo esizinikele kakhulu kwezesayensi ngokungabibikho kwaso endaweni eyodwa, futhi sihlasela i-Oz ngenzalo mbumbulu?" waveza uDkt David Gorski kweyakhe blog mayelana nencwadi yaseColumbia.

Yize u-Oz egxeka yena uqobo, uGorski wayichitha incwadi yaseColumbia njengokungenakwenzeka ukuthi iveze noma yini ngaphandle kwepheshana labezindaba elifushane, futhi waphawula ukuthi uMiller wenza "umsebenzi onqunyelwe isigamu" ukuthola abasayinayo abathembekile. (UGorski uchaza i-ACSH "njengeqembu elisekela isayensi lapho leyo sayensi ihambisana nezintshisekelo zomkhakha, ikakhulukazi imboni yokubulala izinambuzane.")

Ukungaqondakali okusobala kwenhlangano kaMiller's Hoover Institute kungaba yingakho ethambekele ekuyibukeleni phansi emaphephandabeni; Ngokwesibonelo, AP ibike incwadi yaseColumbia "yayiholwa nguDkt. Henry Miller waseStanford University." Kepha uMiller ungene emanzini ashisayo ngaphambilini ngokuzihlanganisa kakhulu neStanford.

Ku-2012, isikhangiso se-TV esicela abaseCalifornia ukuthi bavote ngokumelene nokulebula kwe-GMO kwaba isukile emoyeni ngoba ikhombe uMiller njengo-MD eStanford futhi yamenza wakhothama phambi kwendlela evundlile eyakhiwe ngekhampasi. IStanford ifuna iguqulwe ukuze kubonakale isimo sangempela sikaMiller eHoover.

Kanye "nabalingani" bakhe e-ACSH, uMiller unomlando omude we ukuvikela okungacabangeli izimboni ezingcolisa futhi eziyingozi. I-nicotine “ayimbi kangako kuwe ngamanani ahanjiswa ngogwayi,” wabhala ngo-2012. Ubuye njalo ephikisana nokubuyisa isibulala-zinambuzane esivinjelwe i-DDT. Ngemuva kwenhlekelele yesikhungo samandla enuzi eFukushima, uMiller wabhala ukuthi abantu abachayeka emazingeni aphansi emisebe yelanga “bebengazuza ngempela kuyo.”

Manje, uphambili embonini ye-GMO. UMiller usengomunye wabagqugquzeli abadume kakhulu nabaziwa kakhulu bokudla nezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo, ngezihloko ezivamile eForbes, Wall Street Journal nakwezinye izindawo - muva nje Isleyidi, lapho ahlasela khona u-Oz ngokumboza kwakhe ama-GMO. Phakathi kwamanye amaphuzu okuxoxa embonini esiqeshini, uMiller uthi i-glyphosate "inemithelela yezempilo esezingeni eliphansi kuneviniga emhlophe," futhi yehluleka ukusho uhlu lwakamuva yi-World Health Organisation njenge-carcinogen.

La maqiniso ayasebenza ezindabeni eziphathelene nobuqotho besayensi. Ukunemba kwesayensi kanye nezisusa zalabo abasolayo kubalulekile lapho bephonsela inselelo esidlangalaleni ukunemba kwesayensi kanye nezisusa zomuntu othile abazama ukuxoshwa.

Sinxusa izintatheli nabahleli ukuthi bayihlolisise imithombo ebathengisela imibono yezindaba, futhi basebenze njengezinhloli ezingcono zomphakathi.

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Ishidi lamaqiniso le-USRTK - Kungani Ungethembi UHenry Miller

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