ICornell Alliance for Science ngumkhankaso we-PR woMkhakha wezoLimo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ngaphandle kwegama layo elizwakala njengezifundo nokusebenzisana nesikhungo se-Ivy League, i- ICornell Alliance yeSayensi (I-CAS) ngumkhankaso wezobudlelwano nomphakathi oxhaswe yiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation oqeqesha abanye abantu emhlabeni jikelele ukukhuthaza nokuvikela izitshalo kanye nezolimo ezikhiqizwa izakhi zofuzo emazweni akubo. Izazi eziningi, ochwepheshe bezinqubomgomo zokudla, amaqembu okudla kanye nawokulima baye babiza imiyalezo enganembile namasu akhohlisayo abangane be-CAS abasebenzise ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ukukhathazeka mayelana nezinye izindlela kwezolimo zezimboni.

NgoSepthemba, i-CAS kumemezela $ 10 million ngemali entsha evela eGates Foundation, okuletha inani eliphelele lamaGates uxhaso ku- $ 22 million kusukela ngo-2014. Imali entsha iza njengoba iGates Foundation injalo sibhekene nokuhlehliswa yizolimo zase-Afrika, amaqembu okholo kanye nezenkolo ngokuchitha izigidigidi zamaRandi ezinhlelweni zokuthuthukisa ezolimo e-Afrika lokho imibukiso yobufakazi yehluleka ukuqeda indlala noma ukuphakamisa abalimi abancane, njengoba zigxila ezindleleni zokulima ezizuzisa izinkampani ngaphezu kwabantu. 

Leli phepha libhala izibonelo eziningi zemininingwane engeyona evela ku-CAS nabantu abaxhumene neqembu. Izibonelo ezichazwe lapha zinikeza ubufakazi bokuthi i-CAS isebenzisa igama likaCornell, idumela negunya lakhe ukuqhubekisela phambili i-PR kanye ne-ajenda yezepolitiki yezinkampani ezinkulu zamakhemikhali nembewu emhlabeni.

Imishini ehambelana nezimboni nemiyalezo

I-CAS yethulwa ngo-2014 ngesibonelelo sika- $ 5.6 million seGates Foundation futhi ithembisa ukuthi “dicilela phansi ”impikiswano cishe ama-GMO. Iqembu kusho umsebenzi wayo “ukukhuthaza ukufinyelela” ezitshalweni nasekudleni kwe-GMO ngokuqeqesha “ababambisene nesayensi” emhlabeni jikelele ukufundisa imiphakathi yabo ngezinzuzo ze-biotechnology yezolimo.

Iqembu lomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane likhuthaza i-CAS 

Ingxenye esemqoka yecebo le-CAS ukuqasha nokuqeqesha Abaholi Bomhlaba Wonke Bobuholi kuzindlela zokuxhumana nezokukhuthaza, kugxilwe ezifundeni lapho kunokuphikisana nomphakathi embonini ye-biotech, ikakhulukazi amazwe ase-Afrika amelane nezitshalo ze-GMO.

Umsebenzi we-CAS ufana ngendlela emangalisayo uMkhandlu Wezokwaziswa Kwe-Biotechnology (I-CBI), umkhakha wemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane oxhase uhlelo lobudlelwano bomphakathi olunayo ihlangene neCAS. Iqembu lezimboni lisebenzele ukwakha imifelandawonye ngaphesheya kochungechunge lokudla futhi qeqesha abantu besithathu, ikakhulukazi izifundiswa nabalimi, ukunxenxa umphakathi ukuthi wamukele ama-GMO.

Imiyalezo ye-CAS ihambisana eduze nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane i-PR: ukugxila kwe-myopic ekutholeni izinzuzo ezikhona zesikhathi esizayo zokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo ngenkathi kudlalwa phansi, kunganakwa noma kuphikwa izingozi nezinkinga. Njengemizamo yezimboni ze-PR, i-CAS ibuye igxile kakhulu ekuhlaseleni nasekuzameni ukwehlisa isithunzi abagxeki bemikhiqizo yezolimo, kufaka phakathi ososayensi nezintatheli eziphakamisa ukukhathazeka kwezempilo noma kwemvelo.

Ukugxekwa okubanzi

I-CAS nababhali bayo bathole ukugxekwa kwizifundiswa, abalimi, abafundi, amaqembu omphakathi kanye nezinhlangano ezilawula ukudla abathi leli qembu lithuthukisa imiyalezo enganembile futhi edukisayo futhi lisebenzisa amaqhinga angalungile. Bona isibonelo:

Izibonelo zemiyalezo edukisayo

Ochwepheshe bezobunjiniyela, i-biology, i-agroecology nenqubomgomo yokudla babhale izibonelo eziningi zezimangalo ezingalungile ezenziwe nguMark Lynas, umuntu owayevakashele eCornell obhale inqwaba yama-athikili evikela imikhiqizo yezolimo ngegama le-CAS; bona ngokwesibonelo eyakhe izindatshana eziningi ezikhuthazwe yi-Genetic Literacy Project, iqembu le-PR lelo isebenza neMonsanto. Incwadi kaLynas ka-2018 ithi amazwe ase-Afrika amukele ama-GMO, futhi anikeze isahluko ekuvikeleni iMonsanto.

Izimangalo ezinganembile ngama-GMO

Ososayensi abaningi bagxeke uLynas ngokwenza kwabo izitatimende ezingamanga, “Ayinasayensi, ayinangqondo futhi ayinangqondo”Izimpikiswano, ukugqugquzela imfundiso phezu kwedatha nocwaningo kuma-GMO, ukuvuselela amaphuzu okukhuluma embonini, nokwenza izimangalo ezinganembile ngemithi yokubulala izinambuzane “bonisa ukungazi okujulile kwesayensi, noma umzamo osebenzayo wokwenza ukungabaza. ”

"Uhlu lwelondolo lokuthi uMark Lynas wenza iphutha ngani kuma-GMO kanye nesayensi lubanzi, futhi luye lwaphikiswa ngephuzu ngabathile bezazi zezolimo nezazi zezinto eziphilayo," kubhala u-Eric Holt-Giménez, umqondisi omkhulu weFood First, ngo-Ephreli 2013 (uLynas wajoyina uCornell njengomuntu owayevakashile kamuva ngalowo nyaka).  

“Akanabufakazi futhi akanalo iqiniso”

Amaqembu azinze e-Afrika agxeke uLynas isikhathi eside. I-Alliance for Food sobukhosi e-Afrika, umfelandawonye wamaqembu angaphezu kwama-40 okudla nawokulima e-Afrika yonkana uchaze uLynas njengo “ingcwethi yokundiza” “ukudelela abantu base-Afrika, isiko kanye namasiko akhe akungabazeki.” UMillion Belay, umqondisi we-AFSA, kuchaza uLynas njengomuntu "obandlulula ngokobuhlanga ophusha indaba yokuthi ezolimo zezimboni kuphela ezingasindisa i-Afrika."

Ekushicilelweni kwabezindaba kuka-2018, i-African Centre for Biodiversity eseNingizimu Afrika ichaze amaqhinga angekho emthethweni uLynas awasebenzisile ukukhuthaza i-ajenda ye-biotech lobby eTanzania. "Kunodaba olumayelana nokuziphendulela kanye nesidingo sokubusa iCornell Alliance for Science, ngenxa yolwazi okungelona iqiniso nokuthi bangamaqiniso aluhlaza cwe futhi abanalo iqiniso," kusho uMariam Mayet, umqondisi omkhulu we-African Centre for Biodiversity, uthe kwi Julayi 2020 webinar.

Ukuthola ukuhlaziywa okuningiliziwe komsebenzi kaLynas, bheka izindatshana ekugcineni kwalokhu okuthunyelwe nokwethu Ishidi lamaqiniso likaMark Lynas.

Ukuhlasela i-agroecology

Isibonelo sakamuva semiyalezo enganembile yindatshana ebhalwe kabanzi kwi-CAS iwebhusayithi nguLynas ethi, "agro-ecology isengozini yokulimaza abampofu." ?? Izifundiswa zichaze lo mbhalo ngokuthi “ukuchazwa kwedemagogic kanye nokungekhona kwesayensi kwephepha lesayensi, ""ayijulile kakhulu, ""imibono emsulwa ”kanye“ nehlazo kumuntu ofuna ukuzibiza ngokwesayensi, ”ukuhlaziywa okuyiphutha ngempela“?? lokho kwenza “ukwenziwa okwandile“?? futhi “iziphetho zasendle.”Abanye abagxeki kubizwe a ukuhoxa.

Isihloko se-2019 ngozakwabo we-CAS uNassib Mugwanya unikeza esinye isibonelo sokuqukethwe okudukisayo ngesihloko se-agroecology. I-athikili, "Kungani izindlela zendabuko zezolimo zingakwazi ukuguqula ezolimo zase-Afrika," ikhombisa indlela ejwayelekile yokuthumela imiyalezo ezintweni ze-CAS: ukwethula izitshalo ze-GMO njengesikhundla se- "pro-science" ngenkathi kudwetshwa “ezinye izindlela zokuthuthukisa ezolimo njenge 'anti-science, 'akunamhlabathi futhi kuyingozi, ” ngokuya ngokuhlaziya yiSeattle-based Community Alliance for Global Justice.

"Okuqapheleke kakhulu kule ndatshana ukusetshenziswa okunamandla kwezingathekiso (isb. I-agroecology efaniswa nozankosi), ukwenziwa kwezinto ezivamile, ukushiywa kolwazi kanye nokunye okungalungile okuyiqiniso," kusho leli qembu.

Kusetshenziswa ibhuku lokudlala leMonsanto ukuvikela ama-pesticides

Esinye isibonelo semiyalezo edukisayo ehambelana nomkhakha we-CAS singatholakala ekuvikeleni kweqembu i-Roundup-based Roundup. I-herbicides iyinto esemqoka yezitshalo ze-GMO nge Ummbila no-soy ongu-90% kutshalwe e-United States izakhi zofuzo ukubekezelela i-Roundup. Ngo-2015, ngemuva kokuthi iphaneli yocwaningo lomdlavuza le-World Health Organisation lathi i-glyphosate ingumdlavuza wabantu, iMonsanto yahlela ababambisene nabo ukuze "bahlele ukukhala" ngokumelene nephaneli elizimele lesayensi ukuze "livikele isithunzi" seRoundup, ngokusho kwe imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto.

Ibhuku lokudlala le-Monsanto PR: ukuhlasela ochwepheshe bomdlavuza 'njengezishoshovu'

UMark Lynas usebenzise i- Ipulatifomu ye-CAS ukukhulisa imiyalezo yeMonsanto, echaza umbiko womdlavuza ngokuthi "ukuzingelwa kwabathakathi" okwenziwe "izishoshovu ezilwa neMonsanto" "ezisebenzise kabi isayensi" futhi zenze "ukuphendukezelwa okusobala kwesayensi nobulungiswa bemvelo" ngokubika ingozi yomdlavuza ye-glyphosate. ULynas wasebenzisa okufanayo izimpikiswano ezinamaphutha nemithombo yomkhakha njengoMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo, a iqembu langaphambili iMonsanto likhokhelwe ukusiza ukuphotha umbiko womdlavuza.

Ngenkathi ethi usehlangothini lwesayensi, uLynas akabunaki ubufakazi obanele obuvela emibhalweni yeMonsanto, kubikwa kabanzi emaphephandabeni, lokho IMonsanto yaphazamisa nge ucwaningo lwesayensi, izinhlaka ezilawulayo ezilawulwayo futhi ngasebenzisa okunye amaqhinga anzima ukukhohlisa inqubo yesayensi ukuvikela i-Roundup. Ku-2018, ijaji lathola iMonsanto leyowenza ngobubi, ukucindezela noma ukukhwabanisa”Ekumbozeni ingozi yomdlavuza yeRoundup.

Ukunxenxa ama-pesticides nama-GMOs eHawaii

Yize ukugxila kwayo okuyinhloko kuyi-Afrika, i-CAS ibuye isize imizamo yomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane ukuvikela izibulala-zinambuzane nokujivaza abameli bezempilo yomphakathi eHawaii. Iziqhingi zaseHawaii ziyindawo yokuhlola ebalulekile yezitshalo ze-GMO futhi nendawo ebika ephezulu ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala izinambuzane futhi ukukhathazeka ngezinkinga zezempilo ezihlobene ne-pesticides, kufaka phakathi ukukhubazeka kokuzalwa, umdlavuza nesifuba somoya. Lezi zinkinga zaholela abahlali ukuhlela impi ezothatha iminyaka ukwedlulisa imithethonqubo eqinile yokwehlisa ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala izinambuzane nokwenza ngcono ukudalulwa kwamakhemikhali asetshenziswa emasimini ezolimo.

“Uqale ukuhlaselwa ngonya”

Njengoba le mizamo ithola ukubambeka, i-CAS ibambe iqhaza “emkhankasweni omkhulu wokungazwakali kwezobudlelwano bomphakathi obenzelwe ukuthulisa ukukhathazeka komphakathi” ngobungozi bezempilo bemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, ngokusho kukaFern Anuenue Holland, umgqugquzeli womphakathi weHawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. E-Cornell Daily Sun, UHolland uchaze ukuthi “ikhokhelwe kanjani iCornell Alliance for Science fellows - ngaphansi kokuqagela ubuchwepheshe besayensi - iqala kanjani ukuhlasela okunonya. Basebenzise izinkundla zokuxhumana futhi babhala inqwaba yama-blog begxeka amalungu omphakathi athintekile nabanye abaholi ababa nesibindi sokukhuluma. ”

UHolland uthe yena namanye amalungu enhlangano yakhe babulawa "ngokubulawa kwabalingiswa, ukumelwa kabi kanye nokuhlaselwa kokwethembeka komuntu siqu kanye nobungcweti" ngabaphethwe yiCAS. “Ngiye ngazibonela ngawami imindeni nobungani bempilo yonke buhlukana,” kubhala yena.

Ukuphikisana nelungelo lomphakathi lokwazi     

Umqondisi we-CAS USarah Evanega, PhD, uye kusho iqembu lakhe ezimele embonini: “Asibhaleli izimboni, futhi asikhuthazi noma siphakamise imikhiqizo ephethwe yimboni. Njengoba iwebhusayithi yethu iveza ngokusobala nangokugcwele, asitholi zinsiza ezivela embonini. ” Kodwa-ke, inqwaba yama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know, manje athunyelwe ku- Umtapo wolwazi wamakhemikhali we-UCSF, Khombisa i-CAS ne-Evanega bexhumana eduze nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane namaqembu ayo angaphambili ezinhlelweni zobudlelwano bomphakathi. Izibonelo zifaka:

Ezinye izibonelo zokubambisana kwe-CAS namaqembu ezimboni zichazwe ezansi kwaleli phepha lamaqiniso.  

Ukuphakamisa amaqembu angaphambili nezithunywa ezingathembekile

Emizameni yayo yokuqhakambisa ama-GMO njengesisombululo “esisuselwe kwisayensi” kwezolimo, iCornell Alliance for Science inikeze ithuba layo emaqenjini aphambili embonini ngisho nomuntu ongaziwa ngesayensi yezulu.

UTrevor Butterworth noSense Mayelana neSayensi / STATS: I-CAS ibambisana ne-Sense About Science / STATS ukunikela “ukubonisana kwezibalo zezintatheli”Futhi wanika ukuhlanganyela kumqondisi weqembu uTrevor Butterworth, owakha umsebenzi wakhe wokuvikela imikhiqizo ebalulekile ku Amakhemikhali, ukuthosa, ukudla okungenamsoco futhi izimboni zezidakamizwa. UButterworth ungumphathi ongumsunguli weSense About Science USA, ayihlanganise nesikhungo sakhe sangaphambili, iStatistical Assessment Service (STATS).

Izintatheli zichaze ama-STAT kanye neButterworth njengabadlali ababalulekile emikhankasweni yokuvikela umkhiqizo embonini yamakhemikhali (bheka Izindaba zesitatimende, IMilwaukee Journal Sentinel, I-Intercept futhi I-Atlantic). Imibhalo yeMonsanto iyakhomba I-Sense Mayelana neSayensi phakathi "kozakwethu bemboni" kuthembele ekuvikeleni i-Roundup ekulweni nokukhathazeka komdlavuza.

Isimo sezulu sesayensi yezulu u-Owen Paterson: Ku-2015, i-CAS ibambe u-Owen Paterson, usopolitiki waseBritish Conservative Party futhi owaziwa kakhulu isayensi yezulu ingabaza ngubani kunciphise uxhaso lwemizamo yokunciphisa ukufudumala kwembulunga yonke ngesikhathi sakhe njengoNgqongqoshe Wezemvelo wase-UK. UPaterson usebenzise isigaba saseCornell ukusho ukuthi amaqembu ezemvelo aphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngamaGMOs “vumela izigidi ukuba zife.”Amaqembu embonini yezibulala-zinambuzane asebenzise imiyalezo efanayo eminyakeni engama-50 edlule ukuzama ihlazisa uRachel Carson ngokuveza ukukhathazeka nge-DDT.

Lynas futhi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi: I-Lynas ye-CAS nayo ihlangene ne-Sense About Science njengelungu lebhodi leseluleko lesikhathi eside. Ngo-2015, u-Lynas wabambisana no-Owen Paterson Paterson owayengabaza ngezesimo sezulu kanye no-Sense About Director of Science u-Tracey Brown qalisa lokho akubize "ukunyakaza kwe-ecomodernism," ehambelana ngokubambisana, uhlobo lokulwa nomthethonqubo "kwemvelo."

IHawaii Alliance yezithunywa zeSayensi

Ngo-2016, i-CAS yethule uhlelo lwe- iqembu elihambisanayo elibizwa ngeHawaii Alliance for Science, othe inhloso yayo "ukuxhasa ukwenziwa kwezinqumo okusekelwe ebufakazini kanye nokuqanjwa kwezolimo eziQhingini." Izithunywa zayo zifaka:

USarah Thompson, a owayekade eyisisebenzi seDow AgroSciences, waqondisa i- IHawaii Alliance Yezesayensi, eyayizichaza ngokuthi “iyinhlangano engaphansi engenzi nzuzo yezokuxhumana ehlangene neCornell Alliance for Science.” (Iwebhusayithi ayisabonakali isebenza, kepha iqembu ligcina i- ikhasi Facebook.)

Okuthunyelwe kwezokuxhumana okuvela eHawaii Alliance for Science kanye nomxhumanisi wayo uThompson bachaze abagxeki bemboni yezolimo njengo abantu abazikhukhumezayo nabangazi lutho, kugujwa ummbila kanye nesoya mono-izilimo futhi ukuvikela ama-pesticides we-neonicotinoid okuyinto izifundo eziningi futhi ososayensi bayasho zilimaza izinyosi.

UJoan Conrow, Ukuphatha Umhleli we-CAS, ubhala izindatshana ngaye iwebhusayithi yomuntu siqu, ngamunye "Kauai Eclectic" ibhulogi nangenxa yeqembu eliphambili embonini Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project uzama ukwehlisa isithunzi ochwepheshe bezempilo, amaqembu omphakathi futhi osopolitiki eHawaii abamele ukuvikelwa okunamandla kwezibulala-zinambuzane, nezintatheli ababhala ngokukhathazeka ngezibulala-zinambuzane. IConrow inayo kusolwa amaqembu ezemvelo lokweqa intela kanye kuqhathaniswa neqembu lokuphepha kokudla kuya ku-KKK.

UConrow ubengakudaluli njalo ukuzibandakanya kwakhe neCornell. Iphephandaba laseHawaii i-Civil Beat limgxeke uConrow ngaye ukungabi sobala futhi wamcaphuna ngo-2016 njengesibonelo sokuthi kungani iphepha lishintsha izinqubomgomo zalo zokuphawula. UConrow “wayevame ukuphikisana nombono we-GMO ngaphandle kokuchaza ngokusobala umsebenzi wakhe njengozwela we-GMO,” kubhala uprofesa wezintatheli uBrett Oppegaard. "UConrow ulahlekelwe nayinkululeko yakhe yobuntatheli (nokubika) mayelana nokubika ngokufanele ngezinkinga ze-GMO, ngenxa yomsebenzi wakhe kulezi zinkinga."

UJoni Kamiya, i-CAS ka-2015 Umfo Wobuholi Emhlabeni Wonke uphikisana nemithetho yokubulala izinambuzane kwiwebhusayithi yakhe Indodakazi yoMlimi waseHawaii, In the abezindaba kanye neqembu eliphambili lomkhakha Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project. Ungumama “Uchwepheshe wenxusa” yezimboni zezolimo ezixhaswe ngemali iwebhusayithi yezentengiso Izimpendulo ze-GMO. NjengoConrow, uKamiya uthi ukuvezwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane eHawaii akuyona inkinga, Futhi izama ukudicilela phansi izikhulu ezikhethiwe futhi "Abashisekeli bezemvelo" abafuna ukulawula izibulala-zinambuzane.

ICornell Alliance yabasebenzi beSayensi, abeluleki

I-CAS izichaza ngokuthi "isinyathelo esiseCornell University, isikhungo esingenzi nzuzo." Leli qembu alidaluli isabelomali salo, izindleko zalo noma amaholo abasebenzi, futhi iCornell University ayidaluli noma yiluphi ulwazi mayelana ne-CAS emafayilini ayo.

Uhlu lwewebhusayithi Abasebenzi be-20, kufaka phakathi uMqondisi USarah Evanega, PhD, kanye nokuphatha Umhleli UJoan Conrow (alubhalisi uMark Lynas noma abanye abantu abangathola isinxephezelo). Abanye abasebenzi abaziwayo ababhalwe kuwebhusayithi bafaka:

Ibhodi lokweluleka le-CAS lifaka phakathi izifundiswa ezihlale zisiza imboni yezolimo ngemizamo yazo ye-PR.

IGates Foundation: ukuhlaziywa kwamasu wokuthuthukisa ezolimo 

Kusukela ngo-2016, iGates Foundation isebenzise imali engaphezulu kuka- $ 4 billion kumasu okuthuthukisa ezolimo, okuningi lokho kugxile e-Afrika. Amasu esisekelo wokuthuthukisa ezolimo abekhona eholwa nguRob Horsch (osanda kuthatha umhlalaphansi), a Umakadebona weMonsanto seminyaka engama-25. Amasu adonse ukugxekwa kokuqhakambisa ama-GMO nemikhiqizo yezolimo e-Afrika ukuphikiswa kwamaqembu azinze e-Afrika nokunyakaza komphakathi, futhi ngaphandle kokukhathazeka okuningi nokungabaza ngezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo e-Afrika yonkana.

Ukuhlaziywa kwendlela yeGates Foundation yokuthuthukiswa kwezolimo nokuxhaswa ngezimali kubandakanya:

Ukusebenzisana okuningi kwe-CAS-industry 

Inqwaba yama-imeyili atholakele nge-FOIA yi-US Right to Know, futhi manje asethunyelwe ku- Umtapo wolwazi wamakhemikhali we-UCSF, khombisa i-CAS ihlangana eduze nemboni yezolimo kanye namaqembu ayo obudlelwano bomphakathi ukuxhumanisa imicimbi nokuthumela imiyalezo:

Ukuhlaziywa okuningi kukaMark Lynas 

Ukukhushulwa okungalungile, okukhohlisayo kukaMark Lynas kwe-ajenda yezolimo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UMark Lynas uyintatheli wangaphambilini waphenduka ummeli wokuphromotha wokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane owenza izimangalo ezinganembile ngaleyo mikhiqizo esakhiweni sakhe IGates Foundation exhaswa ngemali yiCornell Alliance for Science. Izindlu eCornell University kusukela ngonyaka we-2014, ICornell Alliance for Science ngumkhankaso wobudlelwano nomphakathi eqeqesha abakhulumayo futhi yakhe amanethiwekhi wethonya, ikakhulukazi emazweni ase-Afrika, ukukhuthaza ukwamukelwa kwama-GMO nemikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Ososayensi, ongoti bezokudla bathi uLynas akalungile kwisayensi

Ososayensi nabachwepheshe bezinqubomgomo zokudla bagxeke uLynas ngokwenza izitatimende ezinganembile nezingahambisani nesayensi emizamweni yakhe yokukhuthaza izintshisekelo zebhizinisi lezolimo. Njengesibonelo esisodwa, izifundiswa zangena ngoJulayi 2020 esihlokweni ULynas ubhalele iCornell Alliance for Science ethi i-agroecology "inobungozi bokulimaza abampofu." Abagxeki bachaza udaba lukaLynas ngokuthi “ukuchazwa kwedemagogic kanye nokungekhona kwesayensi kwephepha lesayensi”Kanye ne-“ukuhlaziywa okuyiphutha ngempela”Ukuthi“ngephutha uhlanganisa ukongiwa kwe-agroecology bese enza iziphetho zasendle. "

Isazi sezolimo nomhlaba uMarc Corbeels, iphepha lakhe uLynas okwakuthiwa uzolichaza kule ndatshana, uthe uLynas wenza “ukwenziwa okwandile. ” UMarcus Taylor, isazi semvelo sezepolitiki eQueen's University, ucele ukuthi kuhoxiswe; “Into efanele ukuyenza kungaba khipha ucezu lwakho olunamaphutha kakhulu lokho kudida izinto eziyisisekelo ngamasu ezolimo, ”kusho uTaylor kuTwitter. Uchaze lo mbhalo ngokuthi “Imibono emsulwa” kanye “nehlazo kumuntu ofuna ukuzibiza 'ngokwesayensi'. ”  

Ukuhlaziywa okuningi kososayensi nabachwepheshe bezinqubomgomo ngomsebenzi kaLynas (kugcizelela okwethu):

  • “Ngingasho ngokusobala ukuthi akukho ukuvumelana kwesayensi mayelana nokuphepha kwe-GMO nokuthi iningi lezitatimende (zikaLynas) zingamanga, ” ubhale uDavid Schubert, PhD, Head, Cellular Neurobiology Laboratory & Professor e-The Salk Institute, encwadini ayibhalele ISan Diego Union Tribune.
  • “Nayi eminye imikhakha ye- amaphuzu angalungile noma alahlekisayo uLynas akwenzayo mayelana nesayensi noma ukuthuthukiswa kwe-GE, ”kubhala uDoug Gurian-Sherman, PhD, owayengusosayensi omkhulu, Inyunyana Yososayensi Abakhathazekile. “Esikhundleni sokuphikisana noma ukuxoxa ngesayensi yangempela, uLynas uphonsa iziphakamiso futhi usebenzise ukuthembela egunyeni kunedatha noma ucwaningo. " 
  • Izimangalo zikaLynas mayelana nokuqiniseka kokuphepha kwe-GMO “akunasayensi, akunangqondo futhi akunangqondo, ” ngokusho kukaBelinda Martineau, PhD, unjiniyela wezakhi zofuzo owasiza ekwakheni ukudla kokuqala kwe-GMO (bheka incwadi eya ku-NYT futhi I-Biotech Salon).
  • Ekubuyekezweni Incwadi kaLynas Imbewu Yesayensi, isazi semvelaphi yabantu uGlenn Davis Stone uchaze le ncwadi njenge “ukuvuselelwa kabusha kwamaphuzu okuxoxa embonini evamile. ” 
  • "The Uhlu lokuhlanjwa kwezimpahla lwalokho uMark Lynas okungahambanga kahle ngakho kokubili ama-GMO nesayensi lubanzi, futhi iphikisiwe ngephuzu ngabathile abahola phambili emhlabeni izazi ngezolimo futhi izazi zezinto eziphilayo,”Kubhala u-Eric Holt-Giménez, PhD, owayengumqondisi weFood First, ku I-Huffington Post.
  • UMark Lynas une “wenza umsebenzi ophume…" kubhale uThimothewu A. Wise, owayengumqondisi wocwaningo eGlobal Development and Environment Institute eTufts University.
  • "Ukulandisa kukaLynas kungamanga,”Ngokusho kuka- Ukukhishwa kwe-2018 kusuka e-African Centre for Biodiversity, iqembu elizinze eNingizimu Afrika. 
  • “Maka Izimangalo zikaLynas zibonisa ukungazi okujulile kwezesayensi, noma umzamo osebenzayo wokwenza ukungabaza. Kufanele ungamnaki, ” uthumele uPete Myers, PhD, usosayensi omkhulu e-Environmental Health Sciences, umshicileli we-EHN.org.

Amaqhinga 'okukhohlisayo, adukisayo futhi angenasimiso' 

Amaqembu azinze e-Afrika athi uLynas usemelele kabi amaqiniso amaningi ukuthuthukisa uhlelo lwezombusazwe. Ngokombiko wangoDisemba 2018 yi-African Centre for Biodiversity, Lynas kanye neCornell Alliance for Science basebenzise izithombe zabalimi base-Afrika ngaphandle kolwazi nemvume yabo, bexhaphaza izithombe ngezindlela ezidukisayo zokuthi abalimi badinga ama-GMO.

ULynas usebenzise lesi sithombe somlimi waseTanzania, uNkk. R, ngaphandle komongo futhi ngaphandle kwemvume yakhe.

Njengesibonelo esisodwa, uLynas wabhala lesi sithombe somlimi waseTanzania, uNkk. R, ngaphandle kwemvume nangaphandle komongo, esikisela ukuthi uyisisulu “sokungabi nabulungisa emhlabeni wonke.” UNkk. R empeleni ungumlimi ophumelelayo futhi olwela izindlela zokulima kanye nokuziphilisa kahle, ngokusho kombiko we-ACBio. Ucele uLynas ukuthi asuse isithombe sakhe, kodwa uhlala kwi-feed yakhe ye-twitter. I-ACBio ithe embikweni wayo ukuthi amaqhinga kaLynas “eqe umugqa obomvu wokuziphatha futhi kumele ayeke.”  

Iqembu elibusa ukudla nalo kusho ekukhululweni kwezindaba ukuthi uLynas "unomlando wokwenza ububi eTanzania" ngomkhakha wezokuvikela imboni ye-biotech. “Ukuhambela kwakhe kuleli kuhlelwe kahle yindawo yokwamukela izivakashi, esebenzisa izinkundla ezifana nemihlangano ejwayelekile ye-Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa (OFAB), lapho abezindaba bekhona khona bezobika ngezinkulumo zakhe. Ukuhlasela kwakhe bekuqondiswe kakhulu emithethweni yezwe yokuvikela ukuphepha, ikakhulukazi indlela yayo yokuvikela kanye nemibandela eqinile yezikweletu. ”

I-Alliance for Food Ubukhosi (i-AFSA), umfelandawonye omele amaqembu abalimi angama-35 nabathengi e-Afrika yonkana, nayo isole uLynas ngokugqugquzela “izethembiso ezingamanga, ukumelwa kabi, namanye amaqiniso. ” Kundatshana ka-2018, bachaze uLynas "njengongqondongqondo" ongahloniphi abantu base-Afrika, amasiko namasiko abo. "

Imiyalezo yokubulala izinambuzane isuselwa kumaphoyinti okukhuluma embonini, hhayi isayensi

Esinye isibonelo sokubika okunganembile kukaLynas ngesakhe Isihloko se-2017 i-Cornell Alliance for Science ehlasela i-ejensi yomdlavuza ye-World Health Organisation ngokubika i-glyphosate iyingozi yomdlavuza womuntu. U-Lynas wathi lo mbiko wophiko lochwepheshe "kwakuwukuzingelwa kwabathakathi" kanye "nokuhlanekezelwa okusobala kwezesayensi nobulungiswa bemvelo," okwakuhlelwe abantu abanqotshwe "ukuthukuthela nemizwelo." Uthe i-glyphosate "iyikhemikhali elibi kakhulu kwezolimo emhlabeni." 

A hlola iqiniso yi-US Right to Know uthole ukuthi uLynas wenza izimpikiswano ezifanayo ezidukisayo nezinamaphutha futhi wathembela emithonjeni efanayo emibili enamaphutha njengebhulogi eyathunyelwa ngenyanga edlule yi Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu iMonsanto lalikhokha ukusiza ukuvikela i-glyphosate neminye imikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Ekuphakamiseni icala lakhe ukuthi "amaqembu ezishoshovu ahlukumeza isayensi futhi abeka eceleni inqubomgomo esuselwa ebufakazini ku-glyphosate saga," u-Lynas akagcinanga ngokuthembela ezimpikiswaneni nasezimbonini, kodwa futhi wabushaya indiva ubufakazi obuningi, obabikwa kabanzi kwabezindaba, ukuthi iMonsanto ilawula ukubuyekezwa kwesayensi nokulawula ku-glyphosate amashumi eminyaka usebenzisa amaqhinga okucasha kufaka phakathi izifundo zokubhala ghost futhi izihloko, izifundo zokubulala, ukucindezela isayensi engabazisayo, ukuhlasela ososayensi futhi izinhlangano zokulawula ezinamandla ngenhloso yokuvikela inzuzo yayo kumikhiqizo esekwe ku-glyphosate. 

Kukhuthazwe, kuxhumene nenethiwekhi yezimboni zezibulala-zinambuzane

Izinkampani zezolimo kanye nemisebenzi yazo yezobudlelwano bomphakathi zivame ukukhuthaza uMark Lynas nomsebenzi wakhe. Bona isibonelo Iwebhusayithi kaMonsanto, ama-tweets amaningi wokuphromotha ngomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane amaqembu okuhweba, amaqembu okubungaza, pro-umkhakha izifundiswa futhi abalobi, Futhi various Monsanto abasebenzi, kanye nenqwaba yama-athikili kaLynas kukhuthazwe ngu Iphrojekthi Yezofuzo, a iqembu le-propaganda ababambisana neMonsanto.

ILynas neCornell Alliance for Science nabo bayasebenzisana nabanye ababambe iqhaza kwinethiwekhi yezokuphepha kanye nenkulumo-ze yomkhakha wezolimo.

Iluleka iqembu labalingani beMonsanto i-Sense About Science

Imfihlo Uhlelo lweMonsanto PR yangomhla kaFebhuwari 2015 yaphakamisa Umuzwa Ngezesayensi njengeqembu elingasiza ekuholeni impendulo yomkhakha kwabezindaba ukudicilela phansi umbiko womdlavuza we-WHO nge-glyphosate. ULynas ukhonza ku- umkhandlu wokweluleka ye-Sense Mayelana neSayensi. I-Intercept ibikile ngo-2016 lokho "I-Sense About Science ayivezi ngaso sonke isikhathi lapho imithombo yayo yezindaba eziyimpikiswano ingososayensi abanobudlelwano nezimboni ezihlolwayo," futhi "kwaziwa ukuthi bathatha izikhundla ezingavumelani nesayensi noma ezichithe ubufakazi obuvelayo bokulimala." Umuzwa Ngezesayensi abambisene neCornell Alliance for Science ukunikeza "ukubonisana kwezibalo zezintatheli" ngomqondisi weqembu UTrevor Butterworth, ochazwe yizintatheli njengo “imboni yamakhemikhali umbhali wobudlelwano bomphakathi.

Related: IMonsanto ithembele kulaba "abalingani" ukuhlasela ososayensi abaphezulu bomdlavuza

Kuhlanganiswe nesayensi yezulu ukugxeka ukuqalisa i-pro-fracking, pro-nuke, GMO “movement”

U-Lynas uzibiza ngomunye wabasunguli “bokunyakaza” “kwe-ecomodernism,” uhlobo oluhambisanayo lwenkampani “lwezemvelo” umlobi waseBrithani uGeorge Monbiot aluchaza ngokuthi “aluthathi zinyathelo zepolitiki ukuvikela umhlaba wemvelo.” Abakwa-eco-modernists bakhuthaza ukuthosiwe, amandla enuzi nemikhiqizo yezolimo njengezixazululo zemvelo. Ngokusho kwabaholi be-eco-modernist UTed Nordhaus noMichael Shellenberger we-Breakthrough Institute, ubuchwepheshe bamandla obuthandwa ngabazalwane besigidigidi samafutha uKoch “benza okungaphezulu kakhulu ekunciphiseni ukukhishwa kwegesi ebamba ukushisa kunalabo abathandwa yiLeft-apocalyptic Left.” 

Ku-a wehlulekile umcimbi wokuqalisa kwe-ecomodernism ngoSepthemba 2015, uLynas wazihlanganisa no-Owen Paterson, ovelele ophika isayensi yezulu e-UK ngubani kunciphise imali ngemizamo yokulungiselela izwe ukufudumala komhlaba ngesikhathi esengunobhala wezemvelo. Ngenyanga efanayo, uPaterson ukhulume eCornell Alliance for Science, lapho ephakamisa khona ama-GMO nge-hyperbolic inkulumo igcwaliswe nge izimangalo ezingasekelwa, futhi wasola abezemvelo ngokuvumela izingane ukuba zife e-Afrika. "Imikhankaso eluhlaza eyizigidigidi ibulala izingane ezihlwempu," kusho u-a isihloko ukubika ngenkulumo kaPaterson's Cornell evela eMkhandlwini WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nempilo, a iqembu langaphambili iMonsanto lalikhokha ukuvikela imikhiqizo yayo. 

Isendlalelo sikaMark Lynas

ULynas wabhala izincwadi eziningana ngokuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu (enye yazo yamukelwa yiRoyal Society) ngaphambi kokuba akhange umhlaba wonke "Ukuguqulwa" kusuka kwisishoshovu se-anti-GMO kumgqugquzeli wobuchwepheshe ngenkulumo ekhuthazwa kabanzi yango-2013 e-Oxford ethi abagxekayo babe kuchazwe njengo ukudukisa. Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ngalowo nyaka uLynas waba ngumuntu eCornell University Office of International Programs eKolishi Lezolimo neLife Sciences, waqala usebenzela iCornell Alliance for Science, umkhankaso wezokuxhumana owenziwe ngonyaka we-2014 wokukhuthaza ama-GMO nge imali evela eGates Foundation.

Bheka: Kungani iCornell University ibamba umkhankaso we-GMO propaganda?

ULynas wazibiza ngokuthi "ungumqondisi wezepolitiki" weCornell Alliance for Science kwiNew York Times yango-2015 i-op-ed. ICornell Alliance for Science ayichazi ukuthi luyini uhlelo lwayo lwezepolitiki, kepha imiyalezo kanye nezinhloso zeqembu zilandelela eduze uhlelo lwezohwebo lomkhakha wezolimo: ukukhulisa ukwamukelwa kwezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane emhlabeni jikelele, ikakhulukazi e-Afrika.

I-Mysterious Lynas PR push, futhi yavuza imemo ye-EuropaBio

Ukusatshalaliswa okukhulu kwabezindaba ngokuguqulwa kukaLynas 'pro-GMO ngo-2013 kwaphakamisa izinsolo zokuthi umkhankaso we-PR wemboni wawusiza ukumphakamisa ekusithekeni. A idalulwe imemo ka-2011 okuvela enkampanini yePR yomkhakha - echaza ngezinhlelo zokuqasha “amanxusa” asezingeni eliphakeme ukunxenxa ukwamukelwa kweGMO - kwandisa izinsolo zokusekelwa kwezimboni ngoba lo mbhalo uqambe igama elithi Lynas. Uthe iqembu akakaze asondele kuye.

Ngokombiko othile Umbiko Guardian, I-EuropaBio, iqembu lezokuhweba elinamalungu alo afaka phakathi iMonsanto neBayer, lihlele ukuqasha amanxusa e-PR ukusiza abenzi bezinqumo "ukucabanga kabusha ngesimo seYurophu ngezitshalo zeGM." Amanxusa abengeke akhokhelwe ngqo kodwa azothola izindleko zokuhamba kanye "nokuxhaswa kokuxhumana okuzinikele" okuvela embonini yezimali. Isikhulu senkampani i-PR sathi "sinentshisekelo" kuLynas, phakathi kwabanye, endimeni yenxusa. ULynas uphikile ukuthi unokuxhumana nabo. "Angikaze ngicelwe ukuthi ngibe yinxusa, futhi angizokwamukela isicelo esinjalo uma ngicelwa," etshela iGuardian.

IGates Foundation, ama-GMO neMonsanto

IBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, umxhasi oyinhloko weCornell Alliance for Science no $ 12 wezigidi kwizibonelelo, igxekiwe ngamasu ayo oxhaso lokuthuthukisa ezolimo axhasa ama-ajenda ebhizinisi lezolimo. A Ukuhlaziywa kwe-2014 okuvela eqenjini locwaningo IGRAIN ithole ukuthi iGates Foundation ichithe iningi lezimali zayo zokuthuthukisa ezolimo “ukondla abampofu e-Afrika” - cishe ama- $ 3 billion asetshenziswe ngaphezu kweminyaka eyishumi - fundisa ososayensi nabaphenyi emazweni acebile. Le mali isiza nasekuthengeni ithonya lezepolitiki kulo lonke elase-Afrika, kubika i-GRAIN. A Umbiko we-2016 weqembu lokukhuthaza i-Global Justice Now uphethe ngokuthi amasu okuthuthukisa ezolimo eGates Foundation “abhebhethekisa ukungalingani komhlaba wonke futhi agxilisa amandla ezinkampani emhlabeni jikelele.”

IGates Foundation inwebe kakhulu imali yayo yamaphrojekthi wezolimo eminyakeni eyishumi eyedlule lapho uRob Horsch, Inhloko yangaphambili kaMonsanto yentuthuko yamazwe omhlaba ijoyine ukuthuthukiswa kwezolimo kwesisekelo ithimba lobuholi. Incwadi entsha kaLynas ethi “Seeds of Science” ichitha isahluko (“The True History of Monsanto”) izama ukuchaza ezinye zezono zenkampani edlule nokudumisa uRob Horsch isikhathi eside. Sichitha esinye isahluko (“i-Afrika: Bayeke Badle Ummbila Wezingane Oyingqayizivele”) siphikisa ngokuthi abantu base-Afrika badinga imikhiqizo yezimboni zezolimo ukuze bazondle.

Ukugxekwa kwendlela yeGates Foundation yekoloniyalizim e-Afrika

  • Imbewu Ye-Neo-Colonialism: Kungani Abagqugquzeli be-GMO Bakuthola Kubi Kangaka Nge-Afrika, isitatimende ngu Umbutho Wobumbano Lokudla e-Afrika, 5/7/2018
  • Ngabe amaGates noRockefeller basebenzisa ithonya labo ukusetha i-ajenda emazweni ampofu?"Ucwaningo lukhomba izisekelo zikaBill noMelinda Gates kanye neRockefeller phakathi kwabanikeli abacebile abasondelene nohulumeni futhi okungenzeka ukuthi bathanda izinto eziseqhulwini," nguJohn Vidal, Tyena Guardian, 1/15/2016
  • Amandla Wentuthuko Nokuthuthuka. Ngubani owenza i-ajenda? nguJens Martens noKarolin Seitz, Umbiko ka-2015 (ikhasi 48).
  • I-Philanthrocapitalism: Izinhlelo ze-Gates Foundation zase-Afrika aziwona usizo, nguPhilip L Bereano, uSolwazi Emeritus e-University of Washington, Ukuvuselelwa Komhlaba Kwesithathu, 2017
  • IBill Gates Isiza KFC Ukuthatha i-Afrika, ngu-Alex Park, Umama Jones, 1/10/2014
  • IGates Foundation's Agenda Agenda e-Afrika 'Olunye Uhlobo Lobukoloniyali,' Kuxwayisa Ababhikishi, nguLauren McCauley, Amaphupho ajwayelekile, 3/23/2015
  • IGates Foundation ihola phambili ekuphangweni kwezolimo e-Afrika, nguColin Todhunter, Isazi Semvelo, 1/21/2016
  • Ngabe iGates Foundation iyisebenzisa kanjani imali yayo ukondla umhlaba?Umbiko wokusanhlamvu, 2014
  • UBill Gates usemkhankasweni wokuthengisa ama-GMO e-Afrika, kepha akalikhulumi lonke iqiniso, nguStacy Malkan, Okunye, 3/24/2016

Izibopho zikaGeoffrey Kabat kumaQembu Wezimboni Zikagwayi Namakhemikhali

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UGeoffrey Kabat, PhD, ungudokotela wezifo zomdlavuza futhi ungumbhali wababili izincwadi bethi lezo zingozi zezempilo zemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, amasimu kagesi, intuthu kagwayi kagwayi nokunye ukuvezwa kwemvelo “kweqiwe kakhulu. ” Uvame ukucashunwa emaphephandabeni njengesazi esizimele sengozi yomdlavuza. Izintatheli ezisebenzisa uDkt Kabat njengomthombo kufanele zazi (futhi ziveze) ubudlelwane bakhe obude nomkhakha kagwayi nokuzibandakanya namaqembu asebenzisana nemboni yamakhemikhali emikhankasweni ye-PR kanye nokunxenxa imikhankaso.

Umholi weqembu langaphambili nomeluleki

UDkt Kabat uyilungu le- ibhodi labaqondisi we-Science Literacy Project, iqembu labazali le- IGenetic Literacy Project, esebenza ekusithekeni neMonsanto ukukhuthaza nokuvikela imikhiqizo yezolimo. UDkt Kabat ubuye abe yilungu le- ibhodi labeluleki besayensi we Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (ACSH), iqembu lelo uthola uxhaso kusuka izinkampani zamakhemikhali, ugwayi nezemithi.

Kokubili i-Genetic Literacy Project ne-ACSH bahlanganyele neMonsanto emkhankasweni wobudlelwano bomphakathi ukuzama ukudicilela phansi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ngombiko wayo wokuthi i-glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko se-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto, ingumdlavuza womuntu ongaba khona. Ngokwamadokhumende akhishwe ngecala:

  • Uhlelo lweMonsanto PR (Febhuwari 2015) wabiza i-Genetic Literacy Project phakathi kwe- "Abalingani bemboni" IMonsanto ihlele ukuzibandakanya emizameni yayo "yokwehlisa umthelela" wombiko we-IARC. Izinhloso zohlelo lukaMonsanto bekuwukuvikela “idumela kanye ne-FTO ye-Roundup” futhi “nokuhlinzeka ngezembozo kuma-ejensi alawulayo…” I-GLP selokhu yathumela ngaphezu kwama-200 athikili egxeka i-ejensi yomdlavuza.
  • Ama-imeyili asuka kuFebhuwari 2015 khombisa ukuthi iMonsanto ixhaswe yi-ACSH ngokuqhubekayo futhi ifinyelela ekunikezeni i-ACSH "uhlu olugcwele" lolwazi lweMonsanto mayelana nombiko we-IARC we-glyphosate. Kuma-imeyili, abasebenzi bakwaMonsanto baxoxa ngokubaluleka kwezinto ze-ACSH kumuthi wokubulala izinambuzane, kanti omunye wabhala, "NGEKE UTHOLE UKUBALULEKA OKUNGCONO KWEDOLOLO LAKHO kune-ACSH." (kugcizelelwa koqobo)
  • Abasebenzi be-ACSH batshele uMonsanto ukuthi umbiko we-IARC glyphosate wawuse-radar yabo, base bephawula, “Siyabandakanyeka emaphephandabeni agcwele enkantolo: IARC, maqondana namakhemikhali e-ag, i-DINP [phthalate] nedizili.”

La maqembu asebenzise imilayezo efanayo ukuhlasela abacwaningi bomdlavuza be-IARC njengo “ukukhwabanisa kwesayensi"Futhi"izindawo eziphikisana namakhemikhali”Ngubani“ oqambe amanga ”futhi“bakhela uzungu lokumelela kabi”Isayensi ku-glyphosate. Bacaphuna uDkt Kabat njengo umthombo wokhiye ngezimangalo zokuthi i-IARC "idicilelwe phansi" futhi "ama-enviro-fanatic kuphela”Unake imibiko ngengozi yomdlavuza. UDkt. Kabat ubhale ukuthi “kukhona ngokoqobo azisekho izifundo esingakwenza ukukhombisa ukuthi i-glyphosate iphephile, ”ngokususelwa ku interview nochwepheshe ongaziwa.

Ukuhlasela ososayensi abaphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza

Esinye isibonelo sendlela uDkt Kabat asiza ngayo amaqembu axhunywe yiMonsanto emizamweni yakhe yokuhlambalaza iqembu elihlukile lososayensi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza nge-glyphosate ngoFebhuwari 2019 ukuhlaziywa kwe-meta. Ukuhlaziywa kwe-meta, okubhalwe ngokubambisana ngabososayensi abathathu abachwethezwe yi-EPA ukuze basebenze ekomidini lobuchwepheshe labeluleki besayensi le-glyphosate, kubike "izixhumanisi eziphoqayo" phakathi kokuvezwa kwama-herbicides asuselwa ku-glyphosate kanye nengozi eyengeziwe ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

UDkt. Kabat uphenye ukuhlaziywa ku-athikili eyashicilelwa okokuqala kuForbes kodwa kamuva isusiwe ngemuva kokuthi abahleli beForbes bathole izikhalazo ngokungadalulwa kukaKabat mayelana nobudlelwano bakhe ne-ACSH. Ngesikhathi ebuzwa ngalolu daba, iForbes ithe le ndatshana yadonswa ngoba yephula imigomo yeForbes kanti uKabat ngeke esaba negalelo kwiForbes.

I-athikili kaDkt Kabat esusiwe ye-Forbes isengaba njalo funda kwiSayensi 2.0, a iwebhusayithi ephethwe ngumqondisi wangaphambili we-ACSH, futhi inguqulo ivela ku-Genetic Literacy Project. Umqondisi Omkhulu we-GLP uJon Entine uphakamise udaba lukaDkt Kabat kanye neziphakamiso okungenzeka ukuthi ososayensi bazenzile “ukukhwabanisa ngamabomu. "

 
UJon Entine tweetI-Entine nayo iboshelwe ku- Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo. Ngo-2011, ngenkathi kunjalo ethola izimali ezivela eSyngenta, ACSH kushicilelwe incwadi ka-Entine evikela i-atrazine, isibulala-zinambuzane esenziwe yi-Syngenta.

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngokuhlaselwa okwenziwe umkhakha ku-IARC, bona:

Izibopho zikaDkt Kabat zesikhathi eside

UDkt. Kabat ushicilele amaphepha amaningana awathandayo embonini kagwayi axhaswe imboni kagwayi. Yena nombhali-mbhali wakhe kwamanye ala maphepha, uJames Enstrom (umphathiswa we-American Council on Science and Health), banokuxhumana okude embonini kagwayi, ngokusho kwephepha lika-2005 leBMJ Tobacco Control.

Ngo-2003 ocashunwe kabanzi iphepha kwaBMJ, Kabat nase-Enstrom baphethe ngokuthi intuthu kagwayi ayikhuphuli amathuba omdlavuza wamaphaphu nesifo senhliziyo. Ucwaningo beluxhaswe ngokwengxenye yiCentre for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), okuyiqembu lomkhakha kagwayi. Yize leyo mali yadalulwa, ukuhlaziywa okulandelayo ku Ukulawulwa Kogwayi weBMJ ibike ukuthi ukudalulwa okuhlinzekwe nguKabat no-Enstrom, yize behlangabezana nezindinganiso zale magazini, “akuzange kunikeze umfundi isithombe esiphelele sokubandakanyeka kwemboni kagwayi nababhali bezocwaningo. Imibhalo embonini kagwayi yembula ukuthi ababhali bebenesikhathi eside besebenzisana ngokwezimali nakwezinye izinto abasebenzisana nazo nemboni kagwayi. ” 

I-Enstrom iziphikisile lezi zimangalo ku- I-athikili ka-2007 ku-Epidemiological Perspectives and Innovation, ephikisa ngokuthi ukuxhaswa kwakhe nokuncintisana kwakhe kwachazwa ngokusobala nangendlela efanele ephepheni leBMJ lango-2003, nokuthi imali yezimboni zikagwayi ayizange ibe nomthelela ocwaningweni lwakhe. "Kuze kube manje, akukho okungahambi ngendlela, ukwenzelela noma ukungenzi okuthile okutholakele ohlelweni lokubuyekeza futhi akukho phutha emiphumeleni ekhonjwe ephepheni," kusho u-Enstrom. IYunivesithi yaseCalifornia ayikuvimbeli ukuxhaswa kwabacwaningi embonini kagwayi kodwa manje kwenqabela abacwaningi ukuthi bangaceli imali embonini kagwayi.

Ukuxhumana kwezezimali embonini kagwayi kubikwe ephepheni leBMJ Tobacco Control kufaka phakathi: 

Source: https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/14/2/118

Ngo-2019, usesho lwe- UGeoffrey Kabat Emibhalweni Yezimboni Zogwayi ye-UCSF uletha amadokhumende angaphezu kuka-800, kufaka phakathi i- Irisidi ka-2007 eya kuPhillip Morris ngemali engaphezulu kwama- $ 20,000 350 “yokubonisana ngemiphumela yempilo kagwayi ongaphakeme” ekhokhiswa ngo- $ XNUMX ngehora.

Ngo-2008, uKabat no-Enstrom bashicilela i- iphepha okuxhaswe kancane nguPhillip Morris ebika ukuthi ukuhlolwa kwangaphambilini kubukeka sengathi kudlulise amandla wenhlangano phakathi kwentuthu kagwayi wezemvelo kanye nesifo senhliziyo.

Ngo-2012, uDkt. Kabat ubhalile a iphepha ukuthola ukuthi osikilidi abasebenza ngophethiloli babengeyona ingxenye ebalulekile yomdlavuza wokuqunjelwa. Kulelo phepha, uDkt. Kabat uthe "ubesebenza njengomxhumanisi enkampanini yabameli nasenkampanini ebonisana ngemiphumela yempilo kagwayi wama-menthol."

Ngeminye imininingwane evela e-US Right to Know ngamaqembu angaphambili kanye nezifundiswa ezinamaqhina angadalulwanga ezinkampanini zokudla nezamakhemikhali, bheka I-Pesticide Industry Propaganda Tracker.

Izibopho zikaPamela Ronald's to Chemical Industry Front Groups

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Kubuyekezwe ngoJuni 2019

UPamela Ronald, PhD, uprofesa wezifo zezitshalo e-University of California, uDavis nombhali wencwadi yango-2008 ethi “Tomorrow's Table,” ungummeli owaziwayo wokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Okungaziwa kakhulu iqhaza likaDkt. Ronald ezinhlanganweni eziziveza njengabantu abazimele ngaphandle kwezimboni, kodwa empeleni basebenzisana nezinhlangano zamakhemikhali ukukhuthaza nokunxenxa ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, ezinhlelweni ezingafihli lutho emphakathini. 

Ixhumana neqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo

UPamela Ronald unobudlelwano obuningi neqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo, i IGenetic Literacy Project, kanye nomqondisi wayo omkhulu, uJon Entine. Ubasize ngezindlela eziningi. Ngokwesibonelo, imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi ngonyaka wezi-2015, UDkt. Ronald uqoke u-Entine njengomuntu ophakeme futhi ofundisa ezokuxhumana kwezesayensi e-UC Davis, futhi wabambisana ne-Genetic Literacy Project ukusingatha imboni yezolimo exhaswe ngemali umcimbi womlayezo abaqeqeshe abahlanganyeli ukuthi bangayikhangisa kanjani imikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project ichazwe ku umklomelo Okwezwe uphenyo njenge “website eyaziwayo yenkulumo-ze” eyadlala indima enkulu emkhankasweni weMonsanto wokuhlambalaza umbiko wenhlangano yocwaningo lomdlavuza yeWorld Health Organisation ngeglyphosate. Kwi Idokhumenti ka-2015 PR, IMonsanto ikhombe i-Genetic Literacy Project phakathiabalingani bemboni ” inkampani ihlele ukuzibandakanya "nokuhlela ukukhala" ngombiko womdlavuza. I-GLP kusukela lapho isishicilele izindatshana eziningi ezihlasela ososayensi bomdlavuza njenge- "anti-chemical enviros" eyaqamba amanga futhi yazibandakanya nayo inkohlakalo, ukuhlanekezela, ukufihla nokukhwabanisa.

I-Entine inezibopho zesikhathi eside embonini yamakhemikhali; umsebenzi wakhe uhlanganisa ukuvikela izibulala-zinambuzane, industrial Amakhemikhali, amapulasitiki, ukukhwabanisa, Kanye imboni kawoyela, imvamisa nge ukuhlaselwa kososayensi, izintatheli futhi izifundiswa.  Faka umkhankaso i-Genetic Literacy Project ngo-2011 lapho UMonsanto wayeyikhasimende yenkampani yakhe yezobudlelwano nomphakathi. I-GLP ekuqaleni ehlotshaniswa ne-STATS, izintatheli zeqembu elingenzi nzuzo zichaze njenge- “umkhankaso we-disinformation”Lokho imbewu ingabaza isayensi futhi “eyaziwa ngokuvikela kwayo imboni yamakhemikhali. " 

Ngo-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project yathuthela enhlanganweni entsha yabazali, i-Science Literacy Project. Ukufakwa kwentela kwe-IRS ngalowo nyaka kubonisiwe ukuthi uDkt. Ronald wayeyilungu lebhodi eyasungula i-Science Literacy Project, kodwa ama-imeyili kusuka ngo-Agasti 2018 khombisa ukuthi uDkt. Ronald uqinisekise u-Entine ukuthi asuse igama lakhe kwifomu lentela ngemuva kokuthi kwaziwe ukuthi ubhalwe lapho (ifomu elichitshiyelwe lentela selikhona manje kuyatholakala lapha). UDkt. Ronald ubhalele u-Entine, “Angizange ngisebenze kuleli bhodi futhi angizange nginike mvume yokuthi igama lami libhalwe. Ngicela uthathe izinyathelo ngokushesha ukwazisa i-IRS ukuthi igama lami lifakwe ohlwini ngaphandle kwemvume. ” U-Entine ubhale ukuthi unezinkumbulo ezihlukile. “Ngikhumbula kahle ukuthi wavuma ukuba yingxenye yebhodi futhi wahola ibhodi lokuqala… Wawunomdlandla futhi ungisekela empeleni. Akukho kungabaza engqondweni yami ukuthi uvumelane nalokhu. ” Yize kunjalo wavuma ukuzama ukususa igama lakhe embhalweni wentela.

Laba bobabili baphinde baxoxa ngefomu lentela ngoDisemba 2018 ngemuva kokuthi kuthunyelwe leli phepha. Kubhale u-Entine, “Ngikubhalile ku-original 990 ngokususelwa engxoxweni yocingo lapho uvumile ukuba khona ebhodini. Ngesikhathi ungimelela ukuthi awuvumelani nalokhu, ngicishe irekhodi njengoba ubucelile. ” Ku- enye i-imeyili ngalolo suku, ukhumbuze uDkt. Ronald ukuthi “empeleni ubuhlangene nale 'nhlangano: njengoba besisebenza ndawonye, ​​ngaphandle komzamo nangokwakhayo, ekwenzeni ikamu lamabhuzu enyuvesi yakho libe yimpumelelo enkulu.”  

Amafomu entela eSayensi Literacy Project manje abala amalungu amathathu ebhodi: Entine; UDrew Kershen, owayenguprofesa wezomthetho futhi owayesebhodini le- “Academics Review,” iqembu elalithi lizimele ngenkathi ithola izimali zayo ezinkampanini zezolimo; futhi UGeoffrey Kabat, ingcweti yezifo ezisebenza ku ibhodi labeluleki besayensi Okwe Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu lelo uthole imali evela kuMonsanto ngomsebenzi wayo wokuvikela ama-pesticides kanye nama-GMO.

Isungulwe, yahola iqembu le-UC Davis eliphakamisa imizamo ye-PR yomkhakha

UDkt Ronald wayengumqondisi osungula iWorld Food Center's Isikhungo Sokufunda Nokufunda Kwezolimo (IFAL), iqembu elasungulwa e-2014 e-UC Davis lokuqeqesha ubuhlakani kanye nabafundi ukukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, izitshalo nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Leli qembu alizivezi ngokugcwele izimali zalo.

Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald unikele UJon Entine neqembu lakhe eliphambili embonini I-Genetic Literacy Project yesikhulumi e-UC Davis, ukuqoka i-Entine njengomuntu omkhulu ongakhokhiwe we-IFAL kanye nomfundisi nomeluleki ohlelweni lokuthweswa iziqu kwezokuxhumana kwezesayensi. U-Entine akaseyena umngani e-UC Davis. Bona incwadi yethu yango-2016 eya kwiWorld Food Center ebuza ngezimali ze-Entine ne-IFAL kanye nabo incazelo engacacile mayelana nokuthi uxhaso lwabo luvelaphi.

NgoJulayi 2014, uDkt. Ronald waveza ku-imeyili asebenza naye ukuthi u-Entine wayeyi- umhlanganyeli obalulekile ongabanika iziphakamiso ezinhle zokuthi bangaxhumana nobani ukuze bathole imali eyengeziwe ngomcimbi wokuqala we-IFAL. NgoJuni 2015, i-IFAL yabamba iqhaza "Ikamu lokuqala le-Biotech Literacy Project”Nge-Genetic Literacy Project kanye ne- Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo zeqembu leMonsanto. Abahleli bathi lo mcimbi uxhaswe yimithombo yezemfundo, kahulumeni neyezimboni, kepha imithombo engeyona eyezimboni iyenqabile ukuxhasa le micimbi kanye ne kuphela umthombo wokuthola imali ongalandeleka uvela embonini, ngokusho kokubikwa kukaPaul Thacker ku-The Progressive.

Amarekhodi entela akhombisa lokho kubuyekezwa kwezifundo, okwakuthola okwayo imali evela embonini yezolimo iqembu lokuhweba, lisebenzise u- $ 162,000 engqungqutheleni yezinsuku ezintathu e-UC Davis. Inhloso yekamu ebhuthini, ngokwe-ajenda, bekuzoqeqesha nokuxhasa ososayensi, izintatheli nabaphenyi bezemfundo ukuze banxenxe umphakathi kanye nabenzi benqubomgomo ngezinzuzo zama-GMO nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Izikhulumi enkanjini yebhuthi i-UC Davis zifakiwe UJay Byrne, Owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana ezinkampanini kaMonsanto; Hank campbell yezimali ezixhaswa yiMonsanto Umkhandlu waseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo; osolwazi abanezibopho zomkhakha ezingadalulwanga ezifana USolwazi Emeritus Bruce Chassy wase-University of Illinois futhi USolwazi Kevin Folta waseYunivesithi yaseFlorida; UCami Ryan, manje osebenzela iMonsanto; UDavid Ropeik, umxhumanisi wokuqonda ngobungozi onenkampani ye-PR amaklayenti afaka iDow neBayer; kanye nabanye ababambisene nomkhakha wezolimo.

Izikhulumi eziyinhloko kwakunguDkt. Ronald, UYvette d'Entremont uSci Babe, "umxhumanisi wezesayensi" ovikela izibulala-zinambuzane neziswidi zokufakelwa ngenkathi ethatha imali ezinkampanini ezidayisa leyo mikhiqizo, noTed Nordhaus we-Breakthrough Institute. (UNordhaus naye wabalwa njengelungu lebhodi leSayensi Literacy Project kwifomu lokuqala lentela lika-2015/2016, kodwa igama lakhe lasuswa kanye noDkt. Ronald's kwifomu echitshiyelwe i-Entine efakwe ngo-2018; uNordhaus uthe akakaze asebenze ebhodini.)

Ukupheka ukuduba kukaChipotle

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald noJon Entine babambisene ekuthumeleni imiyalezo ukudicilela phansi abagxeki bokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Kwesinye isikhathi, uDkt. Ronald uphakamise ukuthi ahlele ukuduba ngokumelene nechungechunge lokudlela laseChipotle ngenxa yesinqumo salo sokunikela nokuphromotha ukudla okungewona okwe-GMO.

Ngo-Ephreli 2015, uDkt Ronald wathumela i-imeyili i-Entine futhi U-Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, owayeyisisebenzi sangaphambilini seMonsanto nochwepheshe wezokweluleka ngokubambisana e-UC Davis, ukusikisela ukuthi bathole umfundi ozobhala ngabalimi abasebenzisa izibulala-zinambuzane ezinobuthi kakhulu ukutshala ummbila ongewona owe-GMO. "Ngiphakamisa ukuthi silazise leli qiniso (uma nje sesithole imininingwane) bese sihlela ukuduba kwe-chipotle, ”Kubhala uDkt Ronald. U-Entine wayalela umlingani wakhe ukuthi abhale i-athikili ye-Genetic Literacy Project ngesihloko esithi "ukusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane kuvame ukukhuphuka" lapho abalimi beshintshela kwimodeli engeyona eye-GMO ukuhlinzeka izindawo zokudlela ezinjengeChipotle. I- esihlokweni, obhaliswe ngokuhlanganyela ngu-Entine futhi etusa ubulungu bakhe be-UC Davis, wehluleka ukufakazela leso simangalo ngedatha.

Iqembu le-biotech spin elenziwe ngokubambisana iBioFortified

UDkt. Ronald wasungula futhi wakhonza njengelungu lebhodi (2012-2015) le I-Biology Fortified, Inc. (i-Biofortified), iqembu elithuthukisa ama-GMO kanye ineqembu lesishoshovu sozakwethu lokho kuyahlela imibhikisho yokubhekana nabagxeki baseMonsanto. Abanye babaholi beBiofortified kufaka phakathi ilungu lebhodi lokusungula uDavid Tribe, isazi sezofuzo e-University of Melbourne owasungula Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo, iqembu elalizimele ngenkathi ethola izimali zezimboni, futhi esebenzisana ne-IFAL ukusingatha iBiotech Literacy Project “camp boot” e-UC Davis.

Owayelilungu lebhodi uKevin Folta (2015-2018), usosayensi wezitshalo eNyuvesi yaseFlorida isihloko sendaba yeNew York Times ebika ukuthi udukise umphakathi ngokusebenzisana kwemboni okungadalulwanga. Ama-blogger ase-Biofortified afaka uSteve Savage, owake waba khona Isisebenzi saseDuPont saphenduka umxhumanisi wemboni; UJoe Ballanger, a umxhumanisi weMonsanto; no-Andrew Kniss, one uthole imali evela kuMonsanto. Imibhalo iphakamisa ukuthi amalungu eBiofortified axhumene nge imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane emkhankasweni wokunxenxa ukuphikisa imikhawulo yezibulala-zinambuzane eHawaii.

Udlale indima ehamba phambili kumabhayisikobho e-propaganda axhaswa ngezimboni

UDkt. Ronald uveze ngokugqamile kwiFood Evolution, ifilimu eliwumbhalo mayelana nokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okuxhaswa yiqembu lezokuhweba i-Institute for Food Technologists. Inqwaba yezifundiswa zinayo wabiza inkulumo-ze yefilimu, nabantu abambalwa okwaxoxwa nabo ngefilimu ichaze inqubo ekhohlisayo yokuqopha ifilimu futhi wathi imibono yabo ikhishwe kumongo.

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2017/06/gmo-industry-propaganda-film-food-evolution/

Umeluleki womkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi obususelwa eCornell

UDkt Ronald usebhodini lokweluleka leCornell Alliance for Science, umkhankaso we-PR ozinze eCornell University okhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane usebenzisa imiyalezo yezimboni zezolimo. Ixhaswe ngokuyinhloko yiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, iCornell Alliance for Science inayo waphikisana nokusetshenziswa koMthetho Wenkululeko Yolwazi ukuphenya izikhungo zikahulumeni, udukise umphakathi ngolwazi olungaqondile nezithunywa eziphakeme ezingathembekile; bheka imibhalo ekhasini lethu lamaqiniso.

Uthola imali evela embonini yezolimo

Imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know ikhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald uthola isinxephezelo ezinkampanini zezolimo ukuze akhulume emicimbini lapho ekhuthaza khona ama-GMO kubabukeli abakhulu izinkampani ezifuna ukubathonya, njengodokotela bezokudla. Ama-imeyili asuka kuNovemba 2012 ahlinzeka ngesibonelo sendlela uDkt Ronald asebenza ngayo nezinkampani.

Umsebenzi waseMonsanto uWendy Reinhardt Kapsak, udokotela wezokudla owake wasebenzela imboni yokudla spin iqembu IFIC, wamema uRonald ukuba azokhuluma ezingqungqutheleni ezimbili ngo-2013, iFood 3000 kanye ne-Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference ne-Expo. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi laba ababili kuxoxiswane ngezimali nokuthengwa kwezincwadi futhi wavuma ukuthi uDkt. Ronald uzokhuluma eFood 3000, ingqungquthela eyayihlelwe yinkampani ye-PR uPorter Novelli uKapsak athi izofinyelela "kwabezindaba abaphezulu abangama-90 ababa nomthelela wokudla kanye nabadlondlobele." (UDkt. Ronald ukhokhe u- $ 3,000 kulo mcimbi). UKapsak ucele buyekeza amaslayidi kaDkt. Ronald bese usetha ucingo lokuxoxa ngemiyalezo. Futhi kuphaneli bekukhona umongameli uMary Chin (udokotela wezokudla okwathi ubonisana neMonsanto), kanye nabamele iBill & Melinda Gates Foundation neMonsanto, noKapsak enikeza izinkulumo zokuvula. UKapsak ubike kamuva ukuthi iphaneli lithole ukubuyekezwa okukhulu ngabahlanganyeli bethi bazokwabelana ngombono wokuthi, "Kufanele sibe ne-biotech yokusiza ukondla umhlaba. "

Ezinye izingxoxo zokuxhaswa kwezimboni zikaDkt Ronald zifake owe-2014 inkulumo eMonsanto ngoba $ 3,500 kanye namakhophi wencwadi yakhe ayi-100 yena unqabile ukuthumela ku-tweet mayelana; nokubandakanyeka kokukhuluma ngo-2013 akubhalisele IBayer AG nge $ 10,000.

Amaphepha ahoxisiwe

I-Watch Retraction ibike ukuthi, “u-2013 ubungunyaka onzima kusazi sezinto eziphilayo uPamela Ronald. Ngemuva kokuthola iprotheni ebonakala ivusa amasosha omzimba elayisi ukuvikela isifo esivamile sebhaktheriya - esikisela indlela entsha yokwakha izitshalo ezingamelana nezifo - yena nethimba lakhe kwadingeka bahoxise amaphepha amabili ngo-2013 ngemuva kokuthi bengakwazanga ukuphindaphinda abakutholile. Amacala: uhlobo lwebhaktheriya olubhalwe kabi kanye ne-assay eguquguqukayo kakhulu. Kodwa-ke, ukunakekela nokusebenza obala akubonisile kwamzuzela 'ukwenza okulungile'wavuma kithi ngaleso sikhathi. "

Bona ukumbozwa:

"Wenzani ngokuhlehlisa okubuhlungu? I-Q & A enoPamela Ronald noBenjamin Swessinger, " I-Watch Retraction (7.24.2015)

"Ngabe isithunzi sesayensi sikaPamela Ronald, ubuso bomphakathi bamaGMOs, singasindiswa?”NguJonathan Latham, Izindaba Ezizimele Zesayensi (11.12.2013)

"UPamela Ronald wenza okulungile futhi, ehoxisa iphepha leSayensi, " I-Watch Retraction (10.10.2013)

"Ukwenza okulungile: Abaphenyi bahoxisa iphepha lokuzwa ikhoramu ngemuva kwenqubo yomphakathi, " I-Watch Retraction (9.11.2013)

Iphrojekthi kaJon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Izithunywa ze-PR zeMonsanto, iBayer kanye neMboni Yamakhemikhali

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UJon Entine ungumsunguli nomqondisi omkhulu we-Genetic Literacy Project, umlingani oqavile emizamweni yobudlelwano bomphakathi neMonsanto yokuvikela nokuvikela imikhiqizo yezolimo. U-Entine uziveza njengegunya lokulawula isayensi, kepha ubufakazi obuchazwe kuleli qiniso bukhombisa ukuthi usebenza isikhathi eside no-PR ngokuxhumana okujulile nemboni yamakhemikhali futhi uxhaso lwezimboni olungadalulwanga.

Umsuka weProjekthi ye-Genetic Literacy: inkampani yaseMonsanto PR futhi engenzi nzuzo enobudlelwano bakagwayi

U-Entine futhi ungumsunguli futhi uthishanhloko we-ESG MediaMetrics, inkampani yezobudlelwano bomphakathi eyayine IMonsanto njengeklayenti ngo-2011 lapho ifemu kubhaliswe igama lesizinda leGeneticLiteracyProject.org.

U-Entine ngaleso sikhathi wayeqashwa yiStatistical Assessment Services (STATS), iqembu elingenzi nzuzo izintatheli elizichaze njenge “umkhankaso we-disinformation" leyo "kwaziwa ukuthatha izikhundla ezivumela ukuvumelana okungokwesayensi noma ukuchitha ubufakazi obuvelayo bokulimala. ” IGenetic Literacy Project yathuthukiswa "njengohlelo lokuqondiswa kwezigwegwe olunama-STATS," ngokusho kuka izingobo zomlando zewebhu. Ngo-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project yathutha ngaphansi kwesambulela seqembu elisha, iSayensi Literacy Project, elathola ifa le-STATS inombolo kamazisi wentela.

Uphenyo olwenziwe yiMilwaukee Journal Sentinel luthole ukuthi i-STATS ibiyi “umdlali omkhulu emkhankasweni wobudlelwano bomphakathi wokuhlambalaza ukukhathazeka nge-bisphenol A”Nokuthi inhlangano yabazali bayo, iCentre for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA),“ yayingu ikhokhwe ngeminyaka yama-1990 nguPhilip Morris, inkampani kagwayi, ukuze ihlukanise izindaba ezigxeka ukubhema. ” U-Entine wayengumqondisi we-CMPA ngonyaka wezimali ka-2014/2015, ngokusho kumafomu entela.

UMonsanto wayeyiklayenti lenkampani ye-Entine's PR ngenkathi ibhalisa isizinda seProjekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo.

Ozakwethu neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR / ukuhlaselwa kososayensi 

Imibhalo etholwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi futhi kusuka icala elibhekene neMonsanto khombisa ukuthi i-Entine ne-Genetic Literacy Project bayasebenzisana neMonsanto ukukhuthaza nokuvikela ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides, ngaphandle kokudalula ukusebenzisana kwabo:

  • Uhlelo lwe-Monsanto PR lwe-2015 ikhombe i-Genetic Literacy Project njengenye ye "Abalingani bemboni" IMonsanto ihlele ukuzibandakanya emizameni yayo "yokuhlela ukukhala" mayelana a umbiko womdlavuza kusuka ku-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ukuze "kuvikelwe isithunzi" seRoundup. I-GLP ithumele izindatshana ezingaphezu kwama-200 mayelana ne-IARC, eziningana zazo ukuhlaselwa ososayensi othole i-glyphosate carcinogenic njenge ukukhwabanisa futhi abaqambimanga abani kuqhutshwa inzuzo nokuyize.
  • Umklomelo Uphenyo lukaLe Monde mayelana "neMonsanto Papers" ichaze i-Genetic Literacy Project njenge- "webhusayithi eyaziwayo ye-propaganda" "enikezwa abantu be-PR abaxhumene nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane kanye ne-biotechnology," futhi yadlala indima enkulu emizameni kaMonsanto "yokuqeda umdlavuza weZizwe Ezihlangene ukuhlangana nanoma iyiphi indlela. ”
  • Ekugcwalisweni kwenkantolo ngo-2017, abameli babamangali abamangalela iMonsanto ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngomdlavuza we-glyphosate bachaze i-Genetic Literacy Project kanye ne-American Council on Science and Health ngokuthi “izinhlangano ezihlose ukuhlazisa ososayensi nokuqhakambisa imininingwane ewusizo eMonsanto nakwabanye abakhiqizi bamakhemikhali.”
  • Ngo-2014 nango-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project isebenze neMonsanto nenkampani yabo ye-PR ukushicilela nokuphakamisa uchungechunge lwamaphepha e-pro-GMO abhalwe ngosolwazi ngaphandle kokudalulwa kwendima yenhlangano. Bona umbiko weBoston Globe, “Uprofesa waseHarvard wehlulekile ukudalula ukuxhumana kweMonsanto. "
  • Ngokwe-imeyili kaSeptemba 2014, Abaphathi beMonsanto bakhethe i-Genetic Literacy Project “njengendawo yokuqala” yokushicilela amaphepha oprofesa, nokwakha “uhlelo lokuthengisa” nenkampani ye-PR i-CMA ukukhuthaza amaphepha.
  • Inkampani i-PR i-CMA, eseyethiwe kabusha njenge-Look East, iqondiswa nguCharlie Arnot, naye ophethe i- Isikhungo Sobuqotho Bokudla, engenzi-nzuzo ethola uxhaso kuMonsanto - futhi inikela ku Iphrojekthi Yezofuzo.
  • Ngo-2014 nango-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project ibambisene no Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, iqembu eliphambili leMonsanto, ukuhlela izingqungquthela ezixhaswa ngezimboni eYunivesithi yaseFlorida nase-UC Davis "ukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuhlela impikiswano ngama-GMO nobuthi be-glyphosate," njengo UPaul Thacker ubike kuThe Progressive.

Ixhumana neSyngenta / American Council on Science and Health

ISyngenta ibixhasa i-ACSH ngenkathi ishicilela incwadi ka-Entine ivikela umuthi wokubulala izinambuzane waseSyngenta.

UJon Entine uboshelwe eduze ne Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (ACSH), iqembu eliphambili lenkampani lelo uthola imali evela eMonsanto nezinye izinkampani zamakhemikhali. I-ACSH ishicilele incwadi ka-Entine ka-2011, evikela i-atrazine, isibulala-zinambuzane esenziwe yiSyngenta. Ukubika kukaTom Philpott eMother Jones naseCentre for Media and Democracy kuqinisekisa ukuthi iSyngenta yayixhasa i-ACSH ngaleso sikhathi, nokuthi i-ACSH icele iSyngenta ukuthi inikeze ngezimali ezengeziwe zephrojekthi ebandakanya incwadi ezwakala njengencwadi ka-Entine.

Umbhalo kaPhilpott kuMama Jones uchaze izimo eziholele ekushicilelweni kwencwadi ka-Entine, ngokuya ngemibhalo etholwe ngu- Isikhungo Semidiya Nentando Yeningi lokho kuchaza umkhankaso weSyngenta PR ukuthola ababambisene naye abavela eceleni ukuvikela i-atrazine.

Ngo 2009, Abasebenzi be-ACSH babuze uSyngenta ngoxhaso lwama- $ 100,000 - “oluhlukile futhi oluhlukile kunokwesekwa kokusebenza okujwayelekile iSyngenta ibilokhu inikela ngokukhululeka eminyakeni edlule” - ukukhiqiza iphepha kanye "nencwajana elungele abathengi" mayelana ne-atrazine. Ngo-2011, I-ACSH imemezelwe Incwadi entsha ka-Entine kanye “nephepha lokuma elinomngane, elifushanisiwe,” zombili zivikela i-atrazine. U-Entine utshele uPhilpott ukuthi “akazi” ukuthi uSyngenta uxhasa i-ACSH.

Ingqikithi ebalulekile: ukuhlaselwa kososayensi nezintatheli

Indikimba ebalulekile emsebenzini ka-Entine ukuhlasela ososayensi nezintatheli ezibika ngokugxeka ngomkhakha wamakhemikhali, imboni kawoyela noma izinkinga zezempilo ezihambisana nazo. Ezinye izibonelo:

  • Liyahlaselwa New Yorker Intatheli uRachel Aviv ngomzamo wokwehlisa isithunzi sakhe ukubika ngemibhalo yangaphakathi yeSyngenta lokho kuveza ukuthi le nkampani yamakhemikhali izame kanjani ukonakalisa isithunzi sika-UC Berkeley uSolwazi Tyrone Hayes ngenxa yocwaningo lwakhe oluxhuma i-herbicide atrazine nezinkinga zokuzalwa zamaxoxo. Umthombo oyinhloko we-Entine kwakunguBruce Chassy, ​​uprofesa owayenguye ethola imali buthule kusuka eMonsanto futhi kwasiza ukuqala i- Iqembu eliphambili leMonsanto ukuhlasela abagxeki bezimboni.
  • Liyahlaselwa UProfesa waseHarvard uNaomi Oreskes, umbhali ngokubambisana we Abahwebi Ukungabaza, “njengoLuddite odumile, uRottweiler onobuhlakani obusebusweni bakho, ezemvelo, obabuxakayo ngokungadingekile ubuchwepheshe besimanje.”
  • Umangalelwe UMphathi weSikole Sobuntatheli saseColumbia uSteve Coll kanye nentatheli uSusanne Rust “wokugcoba i-Exxon” ngokubika ukuthi i-Exxon ibisazi iminyaka eminingi ukuthi ukushintsha kwesimo sezulu kuyiqiniso kepha ifihle isayensi ukugcina imali igeleza.
  • Phakathi ku ukuhlaselwa okulandelwayo (selokhu isuswe kufayela le- Huffington Post iwebhusayithi), u-Entine usole uRust wokwephula izimiso zokuziphatha ngokubika kwakhe ochungechungeni olwawina imiklomelo kwi-BPA okwakungu kufakwe kuhlu olufushane ngomklomelo wePulitzer; U-Entine akazange adalule ukuthi ukubika kwakhe kukhombe owayengumqashi wakhe i-STATS njenge- umdlali omkhulu emizameni ye-PR yomkhakha.

Umzila Wezezimali KaMurky wokungena ne-GLP

Umlando woxhaso lwe-Entine uyinkimbinkimbi futhi u-opaque, kepha imibhalo yentela nokudalulwa kwakhe uqobo kuveza iphethini yezimali ezivela emithonjeni engaziwa nasezisekelweni zamaphiko angakwesokudla ukususa ukwehliswa kwemithetho kanye nokwenqatshelwa kwesayensi yezulu, kanye nemali engadalulwanga evela embonini ye-biotechnology.

Inothi elicacile, eliguqula njalo "lokubonisa izinto obala"

Umbhalo othi “obala kwezezimali” kwiwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project awunembile, ushintsha kaningi futhi kwesinye isikhathi uyaziphikisa. Ngo-2017 nango-2018, i-Genetic Literacy Project ithi ithola uxhaso kusuka kuzisekelo ezimbalwa kufaka phakathi izisekelo zeTempleton neSearle, okuyi abaxhasi abahola phambili bemizamo yokuphika isayensi yezulu. I-GLP ibuye ibhale uxhaso oluvela eCentre for Food Integrity, a iqembu lemboni yezokudla ethola imali evela kuMonsanto futhi ibuye isebenzisane neMonsanto ne-Genetic Literacy Project ukukhuthaza imboni yezolimo i-PR.

In Septhemba 2016, "ukudalulwa" Inothi lithe i-GLP ayitholanga mali ezinkampanini, kodwa iveze u- $ 27,500 "wokudlula" ovela ku- "Academics Review Charitable Association," okubukeka sengathi ayikho. Leli qembu ngokusobala Izifundo zeRegional.org, a iqembu langaphambili elathola uxhaso lwalo embonini yezolimo iqembu lokuhweba.

In Mashi 2016, i-GLP ayidalulanga ngezezimali futhi u-Entine wazama ukuqhela i-GLP kumqashi wakhe wangaphambili we-STATS, ethi i-STATS inikezela ngezinsizakalo zokubalwa kwezimali kuphela nokuthi amaqembu awabandakanyeki emisebenzini yomunye nomunye. Kodwa ngo-2012, i-GLP yathi “ithuthukiswe njengohlelo lokuqondiswa kwezigwegwe nge-STATS. "

Isikhungo Sezindaba Nezindaba Zomphakathi / IGeorge Mason University

Okonyaka wezimali 2014 / 2015, ngokuya ngamarekhodi entela, u-Entine wathola ama- $ 173,100 ngomsebenzi wakhe wokuba “umqondisi” eCentre for Media and Public Affairs, iqembu elizinze eGeorge Mason University futhi elasungulwa ngu-GMU Professor URobert Lichter. I-CMPA wakhokhelwa nguPhillip Morris ngawo-1990 ukwehlisa ukukhathazeka ngogwayi, ngokusho kwemibhalo ekwi-UCSF Library Industry Library.

I-CMPA ayidaluli abaxhasi bayo kepha ithole uxhaso ku-George Mason University Foundation, i umamukeli oholayo yeminikelo ehlangene neCharles Koch kanye neKoch Industries. I-GMUF iphinde yathola ama- $ 5.3 wezigidi kuDonors Trust nakwiDonors Capital Fund phakathi kuka-2011-13, ngokusho koMgcini. Lezi zimali zixhuma imali evela kubanikeli abangaziwa kufaka phakathi izinkampani emikhankasweni nasezifundweni eziphokophela izintshisekelo zemboni, njengoba iGreenpeace ikhombisile uphenyo olufihliwe.

Izinkokhelo ze-STATS nemalimboleko

Iqembu lodadewabo le-CMPA, nalo elasungulwa nguLichter futhi elizinze eGMU, kwakuyiStatistical Assessment Services (STATS), iqembu elingenzi nzuzo eladlala indima enkulu embonini yamakhemikhali emizamweni yokuvikela imikhiqizo enobuthi, ngokusho kokubika I-Intercept, I-Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, I-Atlantic futhi I-Consumer Reports.

Ngokuya ngamafomu e-IRS:

  • Ama-STATS akhokhelwe ukufaka u- $ 140,600 ku- 2012 / 2013 futhi $ 152,500 ku 2013 / 2014 “njengomxhumanisi ocwaningayo”
  • I-STATS kanye ne-Centre for Media and Public Affairs zombili zibhalise i-Entine njengoMqondisi ku 2014 / 2015 ngesinxephezelo se- $ 173,100. Amarekhodi entela awo womabili amaqembu abuye abala uMengameli uTrevor Butterworth ngama- $ 95,512 noMqondisi uTracey Brown ngaphandle kwesinxephezelo. UTracey Brown ungumqondisi weSense About Science, iqembu futhi ihlola isayensi ukuvikela izintshisekelo zemboni yamakhemikhali; IButterworth isungulwe i-Sense About Science USA ngo-2014 futhi bahlanganisa ama-STATS kulelo qembu.
  • I-Science Literacy Project yathatha i-ID yentela ye-STATS ku 2015 futhi kufakwe ohlwini njengoMqondisi Ophethe enxeshezelwa ngama- $ 188,800.
  • Ku-2018, i-ESG MediaMetrics, inkampani ye-Entine's PR, kubike u- $ 176,420 emholweni.

ICentre for Media and Public Affairs nayo ibolekise imali kwaSTATS, okuthi “ngenxa yokungabi bikho kwemali eyanele” “engakabuyiselwa imali.” IGeorge Mason University Foundation, engadaluli uxhaso lwayo, yanikeza izibonelelo ze-CMPA kuleyo minyaka. Amarekhodi entela akhombisa:

Imali yezimboni ze-Biotechnology yokuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli

Ngo-2014 nango-2015, i-Council for Biotechnology Information, exhaswa yi-BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont kanye neMonsanto Company, yachitha imali engaphezulu kwama- $ 300,000 emicimbini emibili eyayihlelwe yi-Genetic Literacy Project neqembu eliphambili le-Academics Review to “qeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuhlela impikiswano mayelana nama-GMO nobuthi be-glyphosate, ”Ngokwamarekhodi entela nokubika ku I-Progressive. Imicimbi, ibizwa nge- Izinkambu zeBiotech Literacy Project, zabanjelwa e- IYunivesithi yaseFlorida ngo-2014 futhi UC Davis ngo-2015. Ama-ajenda achaza imicimbi ngokuthi "ukuqeqeshwa kwamakhono okuxhumana" kososayensi nezintatheli ukusiza ukuqamba kabusha impikiswano yokuphepha kokudla kanye ne-GMO, futhi bathembisa ukuhlinzeka ososayensi “ngamathuluzi nezinsizakusebenza ezidingekayo ukuze bahlanganyele kahle abezindaba futhi bavele njengongoti kwezomthetho ukulalelwa kohulumeni basekhaya, nokunye ukwenziwa kwemigomo kanye namathuba okufinyelela kubantu ahlobene nalokhu. ”

Isikhundla ekuqaleni ikamu lokuqala ebhuthini kufaka phakathi abamele abavela embonini yezolimo, amaqembu aphambili embonini yokudla namaqembu ezentengiselwano, kanye nezifundiswa ze-pro-GMO kufaka phakathi i-University of Florida Professor UKevin Folta, kanye noProfesa Emeritus waseYunivesithi yase-Illinois UBruce Chassy, bobabili abamukele imali engadalulwanga evela eMonsanto futhi bathuthukisa ama-GMO nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane abathengisa ngayo iMonsanto abathembele kuyo. Washington Post umlobi wephephabhuku lokudla uTamar Haspel, ubani futhi yemukela imali evela kuzintshisekelo zebhizinisi lezolimo, wayeyintatheli kwi-faculty.

Abaxhasi bezimali zesayensi yezulu

Abasekeli abakhulu bezezimali baka-Entine owayengumqashi we-Entine kanye neqembu lakhe lamanje le-Genetic Literacy Project bafaka izisekelo zamaphiko angakwesokudla - ikakhulukazi iScaife Foundation, iSearle Freedom Trust neTempleton Foundation - abahola phambili ekuxhasweni kwezimali zesayensi yezulu, ngokusho kwe Ucwaningo lwe-2013 Drexel University. Bona uphenyo lwe-USRTK: Izimali Zenethiwekhi Yezenhlalo Yesimo Sezulu Esenqabela Inkulumo Yamakhemikhali Anobuthi.

Umfana wezokuvikela umkhakha wamakhemikhali

Iminyaka eminingi, u-Entine ubengumvikeli ovelele wezintshisekelo zemboni yamakhemikhali, elandela incwadi yokudlala yomkhakha: uvikela amakhemikhali njengaphephile; uphikisana nomthethonqubo; futhi ihlasela isayensi, izintatheli zesayensi kanye nabanye baphakamisa ukukhathazeka.

Ukuvikela ama-neonicotinoids

Growing ubufakazi besayensi busikisela ukuthi i-neonicotinoids, isigaba esisetshenziswa kakhulu semithi yokubulala izinambuzane, siyisici esibalulekile ekufeni kwezinyosi. I-European Union ikhawulele ama-neonics ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngomthelela ezinyosini. I-athikili kaFebhuwari 2020 ku-The Intercept kaLee Fang yabika “ngezinkampani zemininingwane yolwazi” izinkampani zokubulala izinambuzane ezilwela ukugcina amakhemikhali emakethe e-US Entine kube yisithunywa esiyinhloko esisekela imboni; uphikise ngokuthi ama-neonics akuyona into ehamba phambili ekufeni kwezinyosi (I-American Enterprise Institute), ukuthi "i-apocalypse yezinyosi yayingakaze ibe ngeyangempela," (Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo) kanye nezinswelaboya okuthiwa zingasiza impilo yezinyosi (I-American Enterprise Institute futhi Forbes). U-Entine uphinde wahlasela ucwaningo lukaprofesa waseHarvard ngezinyosi iColony Collapse Disorder (I-American Enterprise Institute) futhi wasola osopolitiki baseYurophu ngokuzama ukubulala izinyosi ngokuvimbela ama-neonics (Forbes).

Ukuvikela ama-phthalates

Ama-Phthalates ayisigaba samakhemikhali eside axhunyaniswe nokuphazamiseka kwamahomoni, ukulimala kokuzala, izinkinga zokuzala kanye nezixhumanisi zokukhuluphala kwengane, isifuba somoya, izinkinga zezinzwa nezinkinga zenhliziyo. Uhulumeni wase-US waqala ukuvimbela amakhemikhali kumathoyizi ezingane ngo-2013 ngenxa yezinkinga zezempilo. U-Entine uvikele imikhiqizo yezingane equkethe amakhemikhali. "Ambalwa amakhemikhali asemakethe namuhla ahlolisiswe ngokwesayensi njengama-phthalate esters," kubhala u-Entine (Forbes) - kepha akazange asho umzimba obalulekile of ubufakazi besayensi ihlanganiswe ngaphezu kweminyaka engamashumi amabili exhumanisa ukuvezwa kwe-phthalate ku- ukukhula okungavamile kokuzala in izingane zabafana. Imiyalezo yayihlanganisa nokuhlaselwa kwezintatheli; U-Entine usole intatheli ye-NBC ephakamise imibuzo ngokuphepha "kobuntatheli obungenazinhloso." (Forbes). Inkampani yokuxhumana yakwa-Entine, ESG MediaMetrics, yenze i-PR ye Isikhungo seVinyl; i-vinyl plastic ingumthombo obalulekile wokuchayeka kuma-phthalates. U-Entine akazange adalule ukuxhumana kwemboni ezindabeni zakhe zeForbes.

Ukuvikela ukujija

I-Entine ivikela ukubhoboza umfutholuketshezi ("fracking"), ukudonsa amanzi anengcindezi ephezulu anamakhemikhali emhlabathini ukuze aqhekeze i-shale futhi akhiphe igesi yemvelo. Njengakwimikhankaso yakhe eminingi yokuthumela imiyalezo, u-Entine uqhumisa isayensi nososayensi abaphakamisa ukukhathazeka, ebabiza ngokuthi "izishoshovu," ngenkathi enza izitatimende ezishisayo nezingenakuphikiswa mayelana nesayensi "ehlakaniphile" eyenziwe eminyakeni eminingi evikela ukuphepha kwayo. Isibonelo, u-Entine wathi: “Ngokombono wesayensi, asikho isizathu sokuthi umsolwa izindaba ezingaziwa zezempilo noma ezemvelo zizovela ”kusuka ekuqhekekeni (New York Post).

Futhi, ukuhlaselwa bekuyingxenye eyinhloko yemiyalezo. U-Entine usole izintatheli ze-New York Times ngokukhohlisa izingane ngobungozi bezemvelo bokuthwebula (Forbes), wahlasela ososayensi ababili baseCornell University ocwaningweni lwabo bephakamisa ukuthi imisebenzi yokuqhekeza ivule i-methaneForbes), futhi yahlasela iPark Foundation, yathi “icishe yachitha isandla esisodwa sokwakha i-shale-gas eNew York State ecebile nge-methane, futhi yafaka uphawu lwayo emibonweni yomphakathi nasezinqumweni zenqubomgomo ezweni lonke.” (Ubuhle obuyindilinga)

Ukuvikela i-BPA

U-Entine ubhala evikela ikhemikhali i-bisphenol A (BPA), yize kukhona ubufakazi obuningi besayensi obuzisa ukukhathazeka mayelana ne-endocrine yayo ephazamisa amandla nezinye izinkinga zempilo ezihambisana nayo. ICanada imemezele ukuthi leli khemikhali linobuthi ngo-2010, kanye ne-EU kuvinjelwe i-BPA emabhodleleni ezingane e 2011.

U-Entine uhlasele abacwaningi baseyunivesithi, ama-NGO nezintatheli bezwakalisa ukukhathazeka nge-BPA (Forbes), kuphakanyiswe ukuthi abesifazane abangakwazi ukukhulelwa akufanele bakusole kuplastikhi (Forbes), futhi waphonsela inselelo ososayensi abaxhumanisa i-BPA nesifo senhliziyo (Forbes).

Ukuvikela Amandla Enuzi

I-Entine ivikela nemboni yamandla enuzi; usho ukuthi izikhungo zamandla enuzi zikhona imvelo imvelo nokuthi “akukho okubi njengaseChernobyl okungenzeka kwenzeke eNtshonalanga.” Usole uSolwazi uNaomi Oreskes waseHarvard isayensi "ukuphika," ngoba, phakathi kokunye, ukukhomba ubungozi bezomnotho nezemvelo bamandla enuzi.

Ubuhlobo

U-Entine ubengumuntu ongakhokhelwa eCentre for Health and Risk Communication eGeorge Mason University (GMU) kusuka ngo-2011-2014. U-Entine ubuye abe ngumuntu ophethe phambili e-UC Davis World Food Center's Institute for Food and Agricultural Literacy, engadaluli. abanikeli bayo, kanye a ovakashele esikanye naye e-American Enterprise Institute, ithangi lokucabanga le-DC elixhaswe ngokwengxenye ngu Inkampani futhi imali emnyama iminikelo.

Bona futhi, Ikhasi le-Greenpeace Polluter Watch kuJon Entine naku “indaba efihliwe yePhrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project. "

Amaqembu ahlobene nabantu

Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo
UGeoffrey Kabat
UJay Byrne
Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa
UPamela Ronald no-UC Davis
Amaphrojekthi we-Biotech Literacy 

I-Biofortified Aids Chemical Industry PR & Imizamo Yokuzama

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

IBiology Fortified Inc., eyaziwa njenge “Kwenziwe kabusha, ”Inhlangano engenzi nzuzo esebenza ngokubambisana nomkhakha wezolimo kanye nabahlanganyeli bawo kwezobudlelwano bomphakathi kanye nemikhankaso yokunxenxa ukuvikela ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, futhi ihlasela abagxeki bemboni.

Amalungu ebhodi nama-blogger bangabalingani abakhulu bezimboni zezolimo

Amalungu ebhodi wamanje nabangaphambili nababhali be-blog abhalwe ku-Biofortified's “hlangana nochwepheshe bethu”Leli khasi linobudlelwano obuseduze nomkhakha wezezolimo kanye nemikhankaso yamaqembu aphambili embonini.

Okulandelayo yizibonelo zokunxenxa okuhambisana nomkhakha kanye nemizamo yokuxhumana nomphakathi ebandakanya iBiofortified nabaholi bayo.

"Abafana abasebenza ngokulingana" kuvikela ama-pesticides

Ngo-2013, iHawaii Crop Improvement Association (HCIA) - iqembu lokuhweba emele IDowDuPont, iMonsanto kanye neHartung Brothers - bahlele uhambo lokunxenxa ukuya eKauai ngenhloso yokuphikisana nabasebenzi bezimboni ukuze baphikisane nomthetho womphakathi owawuzothuthuka ukudalulwa emphakathini yokusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane kanye nendawo edingekayo yokubulala izinambuzane ezungeze izikole, izibhedlela nezinye izindawo zomphakathi. Ngokwama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know, umqondisi omkhulu we-HCIA ubhekise kubasekeli abane ababemenywe ohambweni lokungenisa izivakashi njengabafana be- “Biofortified”. Kade:

  • UKarl Haro von Mogel, Umqondisi wesayensi ye-Biofortified
  • USteve Savage, Umbhali webhulogi we-Biofortified kanye nomxhumanisi wemboni yezolimo
  • UKevin Folta, Ilungu lebhodi le-Biofortified kanye noprofesa e-University of Florida
  • UJon Entine, umqondisi we-Genetic Literacy Project, iqembu labalingani beMonsanto

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uRenee Kester, ongumgqugquzeli ohola wephrojekthi yokwamukela izivakashi i-HCIA, wathumela nge-imeyili la madoda amane Julayi 11, 2013 (ikhasi 10) ukubabonga “ngakho konke ukwesekwa osinikeze khona lapha eHawaii maqondana nezimpi zethu zomthetho zakamuva” nokubeka ucingo lokuxoxa ngokutholakala kwabo ukuze bathamele ukulalelwa komthetho okuzayo. U-Alicia Mulu Research, umqondisi omkhulu we-HCIA, wabe esethumela iqembu nge-imeyili (ikhasi 9) mayelana nesidingo sokuqamba amasu esikhathi esifushane nawesikhathi eside “usebenzisa abafana be-Biofortified”

Ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

  • New York Times, "UProfesa waseFlorida usebenza nemboni yeBiotech: Uhambo oluya eHawaii ukuyofakaza, lukhokhelwa ngabezimboni" (ikhasi 23) (9/5/2015)
  • Ukubuka kwe-GM, “Indlela 'iBiofortified Boys' evikela ngayo izimfihlo zomkhakha wokubulala izinambuzane eHawaii” (9/27/2015)

I-Biofortified efakwe ohlwini njengo "umlingani wemboni" ku-Monsanto PR doc  

Lokhu idokhumenti yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ikhomba uBiofortified “njengozakwethu wezimboni” ezinhlelweni zobudlelwano bomphakathi zikaMonsanto zokudicilela phansi igama lengalo yocwaningo lomdlavuza le-World Health Organisation, i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ukuvikela isithunzi sikaRoundup weedkiller. NgoMashi 2015, iphaneli lochwepheshe le-IARC lahlulela i-glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko kuRoundup, ukuthi ibe mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic kubantu.

Idokhumenti yeMonsanto PR ikhonjisiwe izingxenye ezine zabalingani bemboni inkampani ihlele ukuzibandakanya “nohlelo lwayo lokulungela” ukuthola umbiko womdlavuza we-IARC. IBiofortified ibhalwe ku- “Tier 2,” kanye ne- Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, Izifundiswa ze-AgBioChatter, Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi. Lawa maqembu avame ukucashunwa njengemithombo ezimele, kepha njengoba uhlelo lweMonsanto nezinye izibonelo ziphakamisa, basebenza ngasese nemboni yezolimo ukuvikela izintshisekelo zebhizinisi. (Ukuvuselelwa: Ngo-Okthoba 2018, iBiofortified yathumela i- isitatimende kusuka eMonsanto bethi inkampani ayikhokhi noma ayihlangani nabo.)

Ukungavumelani nokuphikisana nezicelo zombuso ze-FOIA

I-Biofortified ixhaswe ngokubambisana, kanye ne iCornell Alliance for Science, a Mashi 2015 sicelo ephikisana nokusetshenziswa kwezicelo zombuso ze-Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) zokuphenya ukuxhumana phakathi kwezifundiswa ezixhaswe nguhulumeni kanye nemboni yezolimo.

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know ngezicelo zombuso ze-FOIA selivezile izibonelo eziningi yezifundiswa ezisebenza ngezindlela ezicashile nezinkampani ze-agrichemical kanye namafemu abo e-PR ukusiza i-ajenda yezimboni nokuthumela imiyalezo - ngokwesibonelo, amadokhumenti ichaza umsuka weqembu langaphambili le-Academics Review, kanye nalezo ezixoxa “ngabafana abathandekayo” uhambo lokungenisa izivakashi eHawaii. Ama-imeyili amaningi atholwe yi-US Right to Know manje asethunyelwe ku-UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Library, Iqoqo lezolimo le-USRTK. Imibhalo ikhiqize umhlaba wonke Ukusabalala kwezindaba mayelana nokusobala embonini yokudla kanye nezingozi zezempilo nezemvelo zemithi yokubulala izinambuzane kanye nama-GMO.

Ukuhlaselwa okuhambisana nomkhakha kweBiofortified kubagxeki

Unodoli ojiyile omele ummbila we-GMO ogama lakhe linguFrank N. Foode yi-mascot yeBiofortified.

Ilungu lebhodi elasungula iBiofortified uDavid Tribe wasungulwa ngokuhlanganyela Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, iqembu elingaphambili elisungulwe ngosizo lweMonsanto ukuhlasela abagxeki bezimboni, ngokusho kwemibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know. Ku-imeyili eyodwa, UJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto, uxoxe ngohlu oluhlosiwe lwabagxeki bezimboni abebelwenzela iMonsanto.

Mashi Ngokumelene Nezinkoleloze mayelana nokuguqulwa (MAMyths), iphrojekthi ye-Biofortified, iphinde yaqondisa amanye amaqembu nabantu ababizwe ohlwini luka-Byrne - ngokwesibonelo, iqembu labamba iqhaza ukuphikisana noVandana Shiva futhi kubikwa ukuthi uhole a umzamo ohlulekile wokweqa umzila umcimbi obandakanya uVani Hari, i- “Food Babe,” oxhaswe yiCentre for Food Safety.

Umsunguli we-MAMyths uKavin Senapathy wayenama-athikili ambalwa isuswe yiForbes emva kwe I-New York Times yembula ukuthi umbhali wakhe, u-Henry Miller, ushicilele ikholomu e Forbes eyayibhalwe isipoki nguMonsanto. UMiller uphinde wakhonjwa njengomlingani ku Uhlelo lukaMonsanto lokuxhumana nomphakathi ukuhlasela iphaneli yomdlavuza ye-IARC.

USenapathy ungumbhali-mbhali we-2015 ibhuku mayelana neHari, "The Fear Babe," efaka phambili ebhalwe yilungu lebhodi leBiofortified uKevin Folta, lapho echaza khona inhlangano yokudla "njengeqembu lamaphekula elixhaswe kahle."

USenapathy noHaro von Mogel nabo bavela ku- Ifilimu le-propaganda ye-GMO Ukuvela Kokudla.

Amaphrojekthi ahlobene

Isizinda sedatha seGENERA luhlu lwezifundo “ukukhombisa abantu ukuthi kungakanani ucwaningo olwenziwe ngezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo,” ngokusho kwe- Imibuzo Evame Ukubuzwa kuwebhusayithi yeBiofortified. Uhlu luqale ukuqalwa nguDavid Tribe, ophinde wasungula i- Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo zeqembu eliphambili leMonsanto. Iphromoshini yokuqala yeGENERA amangalelwe ngokukhohlisa ukukhombisa "imibiko ebukeziwe kontanga engaphezu kuka-600 emibhalweni yesayensi ebhala ukuphepha nokudla okunomsoco kokudla nokudla okuphakelayo." Eziningi zalezo zifundo azizange zibhekane nezinkinga zokuphepha. Ulimi lokukhangisa olungalungile luye lwasuswa kamuva, kanye nengxenye yesithathu yezifundo.

UDrew Kershen: I-Agrichemical Industry Front Group Ringleader

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UDrew Kershen, uprofesa osaziwayo e-University of Oklahoma College of Law, ungumngane osondelene nomkhakha wezolimo. Uyaphikisana ukuhlukunyezwa zezitshalo nezilwane ezenziwe ngobunjiniyela kanye ngokumelene nokusobala. UKershen ubambe iqhaza elibalulekile emizamweni yokukhangisa exhaswa ngezimali embonini kanye namaqembu angaphambili alwela izintshisekelo zemboni. UKershen akayivezi imithombo yezimali.

Isibopho semboni yezolimo nobuholi beqembu langaphambili

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project / Science Literacy Project

UKershen uyi ilungu lebhodi yeGenetic Literacy Project, iqembu eliphambili elibambisana neMonsanto ukwenza ubudlelwano bomphakathi ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, futhi hhayi ukudalula ngokunembile ukuxhaswa kwayo. Imibhalo iveze ukuthi i-Genetic Literacy Project:

UKershen futhi uyilungu lebhodi le- Iphrojekthi Yezesayensi Yokufunda, i-501 (c) (3) inhlangano yabazali ye-Genetic Literacy Project. Zombili ziqondiswa ngu UJon Entine, umlingani wesikhathi eside we-PR wemboni yamakhemikhali.

Ngokuvumelana ne Amarekhodi wentela ka-2015, UJon Entine kanye ne-Science Literacy Project bathathe izintambo zokulawula iStatistical Assessment Service (STATS), iqembu ebelikade lisebenzisana neCentre for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA) kanye Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project. Ukusebenza kwe-STATS kufakwe ku-Sense About Science USA, okuyi wabelana ngekheli elifanayo lerekhodi ngeProjekthi YeSayensi Yokufunda Nokubhala.

Abasunguli be-STATS, i-CMPA kanye ne-Sense About Science benze ubudlelwano bomphakathi basebenzela imboni kagwayi futhi la maqembu awawona amajaji azimele wesayensi, ngokusho kwe-2016 uphenyo kuThe Intercept.

Ngeminye imininingwane, bheka ama-USRTK emashidi eqiniso UJon Entine kanye neProjekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo futhi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi / IZITATIMENDE.

UNobhala Wezifundo Zokubuyekeza Iqembu Langaphambili

UKershen wayengunobhala webhodi labaqondisi be-Academics Review, ngokusho kwalo Amarekhodi wentela ka-2016. Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo bathi kwakuyiqembu elizimele, kodwa imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know wembule ukuthi kwakuyiqembu langaphambili kusethwe ngosizo lweMonsanto ukuhlasela abagxeki bemboni yezolimo ngenkathi bebonakala bezimele.

UKershen wayengu- umbuyekezi ngombiko wango-2014 we-Academics Review owazama ukudicilela phansi imboni yezinto eziphilayo; i isitatimende sephephandaba ngombiko wathi kwakuwumsebenzi wezifundiswa ezizimele ngaphandle kokuphikisana kwezintshisekelo.

Amarekhodi entela akhombisa ukuthi umxhasi oyinhloko we-Academics Review kwakuyi-Council for Biotechnology Information, inhlangano engenzi nzuzo exhaswa futhi ephethwe yi-BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont, Monsanto neSyngenta. I-CBI inikeze isamba esingu- $ 600,000 ku-Academics Review ku 2014 futhi 2015-2016.

Kungani iForbes Isuse Ezinye Izindatshana ZaseKershen

IKershen babhala ngokuhlanganyela izindatshana eziningana ezisuswe yiForbes neProjusa Syndicate ngemuva kombhali wakhe, UHenry Miller, wabanjwa usebenzisa ikholomu ebhalwe ghost ngu-Monsanto njengomsebenzi wakhe eForbes. I- New York Times wembula ihlazo lokubhala ngezipoki ngo-2017.

UKershen noMiller nabo babhalele ndawonye izindatshana ze- Slate, Buyekeza National, lo Isikhungo seHoover futhi Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (imboni exhaswa ngemali iqembu langaphambili) bephikisana nokufakwa amalebula nokulawulwa kokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, ukuhlasela abagxeki bezimboni, nokubanga ukuthi "abampofu emhlabeni bahlupheka futhi bafa ngokungadingekile" ngenxa "yomthetho ongenazidingo ofunwa yizishoshovu."

Izimpendulo ze-GMO

UKershen uyi “Uchwepheshe wenxusa” Izimpendulo ze-GMO, a ukumaketha kanye newebhusayithi ye-PR ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okuyi uxhaswe yizinkampani ezinkulu zezolimo nge-Council for Biotechnology Information, futhi ephethwe yi inkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi uKetchum.

Ungenele Ekubambeni Ngokusobala Icala Lokuvimbela Ukudalulwa Komphakathi

Imibhalo eminingana ebikwe kuleli qiniso, eveze obudlelwano obungadalulwanga phakathi kwezinhlangano namaqembu angaphambili, yaqala ukutholwa ngezicelo zeFreedom of Information ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi. UKershen ungenelele ezinkantolo ezama ukumisa ukudalulwa okuqhubekayo, njengeFreedom of the Press Foundation kubika ngoFebhuwari 2018.

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngamaqembu angaphambili embonini yezokudla, bheka i- Ikhasi lokuphenya le-USRTK.

Izimali Zenethiwekhi Yezenhlalo Yesimo Sezulu Esenqabela Inkohliso Yamakhemikhali Anobuthi

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Zikhuthaza ama-GMO nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, zivikela amakhemikhali anobuthi nokudla okungenamsoco, futhi zihlasela abantu abaphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngaleyo mikhiqizo ngokuthi “balwa nesayensi.” Kodwa-ke uJon Entine, uTrevor Butterworth noHenry Miller baxhaswa ngamaqembu afanayo axhasa ukwenqatshwa kwesayensi yezulu.

NguStacy Malkan

Umbhali waseBrithani uGeorge Monbiot unesixwayiso kulabo bethu abazama ukuqonda amaqiniso amasha ezepolitiki e-US nase-UK: "Asinalo ithemba lokuqonda ukuthi yini ezayo kuze kube yilapho siqonda ukuthi inethiwekhi yemali emnyama isebenza kanjani," wabhala ku i-Guardian.

Kungenzeka ukuthi iCorporate America yehlisa ukwenanela uDonald Trump, kepha kwathi lapho uTrump esekutholile ukuqokwa, "imali enkulu yaqala ukuthola ithuba elingakaze libonwe," kubhala uMonbiot. “Ukungahambisani kwakhe kwakungeyona inkinga, kepha kwakuvula: i-ajenda yakhe yayingakhiwa. Futhi uhlelo olumnyama lwemali olwalusungulwe ezinye izinkampani zaseMelika lwalulungele ngokuphelele ukulwakha. ”

Le nethiwekhi, noma imali emnyama i-ATM njengoba uMama Jones ekuchazile, kubhekiswa enanini elinzima lokulandela umkhondo eligeleza lisuka kozigidigidi abangamasiko amakhulu, abanjengoCharles noDavid Koch nababambisene nabo, nezinkampani eziba ngamaqembu angaphambili akhuthaza imibono yezimakethe ezikhululekile ngokweqile - ngokwesibonelo, izimpi ezilwa nezikole zomphakathi, izinyunyana, ukuvikelwa kwemvelo, izinqubomgomo zokuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu kanye nesayensi esongela inzuzo yebhizinisi.

"Asinathemba lokuthi sizokuqonda okuzayo size siqonde ukuthi isebenza kanjani imali emnyama."

Ababhali abaphenyayo UJane Mayer, UNaomi Oreskes, u-Erik Conway kanti abanye badalule ukuthi “indaba yemali emnyama nendaba yokwenqatshwa kwesimo sezulu iyindaba efanayo: izinhlangothi ezimbili zemali eyodwa,” njengoba uSenator wase-United States uSheldon Whitehouse ayichaza ngonyaka odlule inkulumo.

Amasu "okuholwa nguKoch, umsebenzi wokuthenga umthelela" - kufaka phakathi imisebenzi yenkulumo-ze ejikeleza isayensi ngaphandle kokubheka iqiniso - "mhlawumbe yisona sizathu esikhulu esingenayo umthetho-mali ophelele wesimo sezulu eCongress," kusho uWhitehouse.

Ngenkathi la maqhinga elandelelwe kahle emkhakheni wesimo sezulu, okungaxhunywanga kangako iqiniso lokuthi abaxhasi abalandela ukuphika kwesayensi yesimo sezulu baphinde babhalise inethiwekhi yabasebenzi be-PR abakhe imisebenzi yokuphotha isayensi ukuphika ubungozi bezempilo bamakhemikhali anobuthi ekudleni esikudingayo sidle nemikhiqizo esiyisebenzisa nsuku zonke.

Izigxobo ziphakeme empilweni yesizwe sethu. Amanani we- umdlavuza wezingane manje seziphezulu ngama-50% kunangesikhathi lapho “impi yomdlavuza” yaqala emashumini eminyaka adlule, futhi isikhali esihle kunazo zonke asisisebenzisi neze: izinqubomgomo zokunciphisa ukutholakala kwamakhemikhali abangela umdlavuza.

"Uma sifuna ukunqoba impi yomdlavuza, sidinga ukuqala ngamanxusa ayizinkulungwane omzimba namakhemikhali ahlolwe ngangokunokwenzeka, okungenzeka noma aziwa ngama-carcinogens ngabantu yi-International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organisation" kubhala usosayensi nomlobi uDevra U-Lee Davis, PhD, MPH, ku The Hill.

Ukunciphisa amanxusa aziwayo "akuhlangene neze nesayensi, futhi kuningi okuphathelene namandla ezimboni ezinenzuzo enkulu ethembele ebudlelwaneni bomphakathi ukuphikisana nemibiko yesayensi ngobungozi," kusho uDavis.

Ukuvikela amakhemikhali anobuthi nokudla okungenamsoco 

Lapho imikhiqizo ebalulekile embonini yokudla kwamakhemikhali nokudla okungenamsoco ingena enkingeni ngesayensi, kuvela abalingiswa namaqembu abikezelwayo endaweni yesehlakalo, besebenzisa amasu abezindaba agugile ukukhipha izinkampani ezidinga ukukhuthazwa yi-PR.

Amagama abo namasu abawasebenzisayo - izindatshana ezinde eziphikisayo, ezivame ukwenziwa ukuhlaselwa ngabantu - zizokwaziwa ososayensi abaningi, izintatheli kanye nabameli babathengi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngemikhiqizo enobuthi kule minyaka eyi-15 edlule.

Izicelo zamarekhodi womphakathi ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi ezivundulule izinkulungwane zemibhalo, kanye nemibiko yakamuva eyenziwe ngu Greenpeace, The Ngenisa nabanye, bakhanyisa ukukhanya okusha kule nethiwekhi yenkulumo-ze.

Abadlali ababalulekile kubalwa uJon Entine, uTrevor Butterworth, uHenry I. Miller namaqembu axhumene nabo: STATS, Centre for Media and Public Affairs, Genetic Literacy Project, Sense About Science neHoover Institute.

Yize kunemilando ebhalwe kahle njenge-PR operatives, i-Entine, iButterworth neMiller yethulwa njengemithombo yesayensi ebucayi ezinkundleni zokuxhumana eziningi, ezivela Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Newsweek, I-Philadelphia Enquirer, I-Harvard Business Review futhi, bridge ngokuvamile, Forbes - ngaphandle kokudalulwa kwemithombo yabo yezimali noma i-ajenda yokususa umthetho ezimbonini ezingcolisayo ezizikhuthazayo.

Izindatshana zabo zibeka phezulu ekusesheni kweGoogle izinto eziningi eziseqhulwini embonini yamakhemikhali nokudla okungenamsoco - okucindezela ukulandisa kokuthi ama-GMO, izibulala-zinambuzane, amakhemikhali epulasitiki, abashukela esikhundleni sikashukela baphephile, futhi noma ngubani osho okwahlukile ukuthi “uphikisana nesayensi.”

Kwezinye izimo, bathola ithonya njengoba behambisana nezikhungo zokusungula ezifana neBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, iCornell University kanye neYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eDavis.

Kodwa-ke imithombo yabo yezimali ibuyela emuva emibonweni efanayo "yemakethe yamahhala" evela emafutheni kawoyela, ezemithi namakhemikhali axhasa ukwenqaba kwesayensi yezulu - ISearle Freedom Trust, Izisekelo zeScaife, IJohn Templeton Foundation nabanye bahlonzwa njengabaxhasi abakhulu nabangaguquguquki bamaqembu aphika isayensi yezulu, ngokusho kuka Ucwaningo lwe-2013 nguDrexel University isazi sezenhlalo uRobert Brulle, PhD.

Labo abafuna ukuqonda imigomo yenqubomgomo yenethiwekhi yemali emnyama yokuqaqa ukuvikelwa kwezempilo kohlelo lwethu lokudla benza kahle ukubheka lokhu abasakaza inkulumo-ze banamuhla nemiyalezo yabo.

UJon Entine - Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy / STATS

UJon Entine, owayekade eyintatheli, uzibonakalisa njengegunya lokulawula isayensi. Noma kunjalo ubufakazi obanele busikisela ungumsebenzi wobudlelwano bomphakathi obunesikhathi eside enobudlelwano obujulile nezinkampani zamakhemikhali ezihlushwa imibuzo ngezingcuphe zezempilo.

Eminyakeni edlule, u-Entine unakho ehlaselwa Lokhu ososayensi, oprofesa, abaxhasi, abameli futhi izintatheli ngubani ophakamise ukukhathazeka mayelana ukukhwabanisa, amandla enuzi, izibulala-zinambuzane futhi Amakhemikhali esetshenzisiwe amabhodlela ezingane futhi amathoyizi ezingane. Indaba kaMama Jones ka-2012 kaTom Philpott ichaza u-Entine njengo “Umxolisi webhizinisi lezolimo, ”Futhi uGreenpeace uchaza umlando wakhe ku Iwebhusayithi yokubuka iPolluter.

U-Entine manje ungumqondisi we Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, iqembu eligqugquzela ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Isiza sithi asithathi hlangothi, kepha “sakhiwe ngokusobala ukukhuthaza isikhundla semboni futhi asizami ukubheka ukungathathi hlangothi ezindabeni,” kusho uMichael Hansen, PhD, usosayensi omkhulu we-Consumers Union.

"Umyalezo uthi ukwenziwa kwezakhi zofuzo muhle futhi noma ngubani okugxekayo uyimbono esabekayo, kepha lokho akusho ukuthi impikiswano yesayensi ikuphi ngempela."

Faka izimangalo, isibonelo, ukuthi "ukuvumelana kwesayensi mayelana nokuphepha kwe-GMO kunamandla ukwedlula ukufudumala kwembulunga yonke" - isimangalo esiphikiswa yi-World Health Organisation, esithi akunakwenzeka ukwenza izitatimende ezijwayelekile ngokuphepha kwe-GMO, nangamakhulu ososayensi abathi kukhona akukho ukuvumelana kwesayensi kwezokuphepha kwe-GMO.

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project nayo ayizange iveze obala mayelana nokuxhumana kwayo neMonsanto. Njengesibonelo esisodwa, isayithi lishicilele amaphepha amaningi ezifundo ze-pro-GMO ama-imeyili adalula kamuva ukuthi ayenjalo abelwe osolwazi yisiphathimandla seMonsanto esihlinzeke ngezindawo zokukhulumela amaphepha futhi sathembisa ukuthi bampompe baphume yonke indawo i-Internet.

Esinye isibonelo: Abalingani be-Genetic Literacy Project babambisana ne-Academics Review ku- Iphrojekthi Ye-Biotechnology Literacy, izingqungquthela ezisekela izimboni eziqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ngokuthi "zingayifaka kanjani kangcono impikiswano ye-GMO nomphakathi ongabazayo."

"Ukhiye kuzogcina iMonsanto ingemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi."

Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo, okushicilele i- umbiko ngo-2014 behlasela imboni ephilayo, baziveza njengeqembu elizimele, kodwa ama-imeyili embuliwe yasungulwa ngosizo lwesikhulu esiphezulu seMonsanto esathembisa ukuthola imali "kuyilapho iMonsanto igcina ngemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi." Ama-imeyili futhi wabonisa owayengumsunguli we-Academics Review uBruce Chassy wayekade ethola Izimali ezingadalulwanga ezivela eMonsanto nge-University of Illinois Foundation.

Ngakho-ke ngubani oxhasa iPhrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy and Entine?

Ngokusho kwabo iwebhusayithi, inqwaba yemali ivela ezisekelweni ezimbili - iSearle neTempleton - ekhonjwe ku- Ucwaningo lwe-Drexel njengabaxhasi abaphambili bokuphika isayensi yezulu Lesi siza siphinde sibhale uxhaso lweWinkler Family Foundation futhi "sidlule sisekela i-University of California-Davis Biotech Literacy Bootcamp" esivela kwi-Academics Review Charitable Association.

Imithombo yezimali yangaphambilini ibuye ifake abasekeli bokuphika isayensi yezulu kanye nokudluliswa kwemali okungadalulwanga.

IGenetic Literacy Project ne-Entine phambilini bezisebenza ngaphansi kwesambulela seStatistical Assessment Services (STATS), iqembu eliseGeorge Mason University, lapho u-Entine ayengumuntu khona eCentre for Health and Risk Communication kusuka ngo-2011-2014.

I-STATS ixhaswe kakhulu yi-Scaife Foundation neSearle Freedom Trust phakathi kuka-2005 no-2014, ngokusho kophenyo lweGreenpeace Uxhaso lwe-STATS.

UKimberly Dennis, umongameli kanye ne-CEO yeSearle Freedom Trust, futhi ungusihlalo webhodi leDonors Trust, elidume kabi Isikhwama semali esimnyama esixhunywe nguKoch abanikeli babo abangalandelelwa. Ngaphansi kobuholi bukaDennis, iSearle neDonors Trust yathumela imali engama- $ 290,000 ku-STATS ngo-2010, kubika iGreenpeace.

In 2012 futhi 2013, I-STATS ithole izimali ezibolekwe ngenhlangano engudadewabo, iCentre for Media and Public Affairs, okuyi wathola Iminikelo ngaleyo minyaka evela eGeorge Mason University Foundation, okuyi ayivezi imithombo yezimali.

U-Entine uke wazama ukuziqhelelanisa kwesinye isikhathi ne-GLP okuvela kula maqembu; kodwa, amarekhodi entela i-Entine ikhokhelwe u- $ 173,100 yiCentre for Media and Public Affairs ngonyaka ophela ngoJuni 30, 2015.

Nge-2014, ama-imeyili ayabonisa, U-Entine wayezama ukuthola ikhaya elisha le-Genetic Literacy Project, futhi wayefuna ukusungula “ubudlelwano obusemthethweni” ne-University of California, Davis, World Food Centre. Ube ngumuntu oMdala eSikoleni se-Institute for Food and Agricultural Literacy futhi manje ukhomba njengomuntu owayekade esebenza naye. I-GLP manje isingaphansi kwesambulela seqembu elibizwa ngeSayensi Literacy Project.

U-Entine uthe ngeke aphendule imibuzo ngale ndaba.

UTrevor Butterworth - Umuzwa NgeSayensi USA / STATS

UTrevor Butterworth ubethembekile imboni isithunywa iminyaka eminingi, ukuvikela ukuphepha kwemikhiqizo ehlukahlukene eyingozi ebalulekile ezimbonini zamakhemikhali nezokudla okungenamsoco, njenge phthalates, BPA, i-vinyl plastic, isiraphu yengqolowa, ama-sodas anoshukela futhi ubumnandi bokufakelwa. Ungumnikeli wangaphambili ku Newsweek futhi ubhale ukubuyekezwa kwezincwadi ze- Wall Street Journal.

Kusukela ngo-2003 kuya ku-2014, iButterworth ibingumhleli kwa-STATS, ixhaswe kakhulu yi-Scaife Foundation neSearle Freedom Trust. Ngo-2014, waba ngumqondisi wokusungula we Inzwa Mayelana neSayensi USA bese ngigoqa ama-STATS kulelo qembu.

Ukudalulwa kwakamuva kukaLiza Gross ku I-Intercept ichaze iSense About Science, umqondisi wayo uTracey Brown, uButterworth, i-STATS kanye nabasunguli balawo maqembu “njengabaqokiwe abazimele besayensi yomsindo” “abalinganisa izikali embonini.”

I-Sense About Science "izama ukusiza umphakathi onolwazi olungelona iqiniso ukuthi ihlunge izimangalo ezethusayo ngempilo nemvelo" kepha "inomlando ophazamisayo wokuqhakambisa ochwepheshe okuvele ukuthi banezibopho nezimboni ezilawulwayo," kubhala uGross.

"Uma izintatheli zibuza ngokufanele ukuthi ngubani oxhasa ucwaningo ngobungozi be-asbestos, noma amakhemikhali okwenziwa, bazokwelulekwa ukuba bangabaze nobufakazi obuvezwa yiSense About Science kulezi zingxoxo."

I-Sense About Science USA ithunyelwe le mpendulo uButterworth uthe nge-imeyili "udumele ngendaba edukisayo ka-Intercept, ebikhanyisela abantu nezinhlangano ezingaxhumananga neSense About Science USA ndawonye." Uthe iqembu lakhe alithathi mali yezinkampani futhi lizimele ngokusemthethweni kwi-UK Sense About Science.

Uthe futhi, "Angikaze ngihlanganyele emkhankasweni wokuthumela imiyalezo embonini - kunoma yikuphi, ngikhokhelwe noma cha."

Ezinye izintatheli ziphethe ngenye indlela. 

Abathelisi ku I-Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, I-Atlantic futhi I-Consumer Reports uveze uButterworth njengomdlali ophambili emizameni ye-PR enonya embonini yamakhemikhali yokuvikela ikhemikhali iBPA.

Ngo-2009, izintatheli uSusanne Rust noMeg Kissinger be-Journal Sentinel kuchaze iButterworth njengomvikeli we-BPA "othanda kakhulu", kanye nesibonelo "sababhali bezobudlelwano bomphakathi embonini yamakhemikhali" abangakudaluli ukusebenzisana kwabo.

 "Ukuvikelwa kweBPA kumablogi kuvela kuTrevor Butterworth."

STATS, babhala, "Izisholo ukuthi iyinhlangano yabezindaba ezimele" kodwa "ixhaswe izinhlangano zezinqubomgomo zomphakathi ezikhuthaza ukupheliswa komthetho." Inhlangano engudadewabo, iCentre for Media and Public Affairs, "inomlando wokusebenzela izinkampani ezizama ukudlulisa ukukhathazeka ngokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yazo." UButterworth uthe ukubika kwakhe ngeBPA kukhombisa ubufakazi ngaleso sikhathi obuvela emithonjeni egunyaziwe, kanti abakwa STATS bathumele izimpendulo lapha futhi lapha ekubikeni okubucayi.

Isibonelo sakamuva sendlela imibhalo kaButterworth eyadlala ngayo indima enkulu emizamweni yokubambela ezinkampanini yokuhlambalaza isayensi enenkinga ingabonakala emsebenzini wakhe we-sweetener yokufakelwa eyimpikiswano.

Ngo-2012, iButterworth yabhala i- Isihloko seForbes ukugxeka isifundo esiphakamise ukukhathazeka ngengozi yomdlavuza ye-sucralose. Uchaze abacwaningi, uDkt. Morando Soffritti kanye neRamazzini Institute, “njengento yokuhlekisa.”

Ngo-2016, iqembu eliphambili embonini yezokudla lalinendatshana kaButterworth yango-2012 kanye “nento ehlaya” ehlaziya isitatimende sephephandaba ukuhlasela iSoffritti entsha "yokufunda ukwethuka" okuphakamise ukukhathazeka nge-sucralose. Izintatheli ku- The IndependentThe Daily MailTelegraph futhi Deseret News wacosha izingcaphuno zaseButterworth ehlazisa abacwaningi, wamkhomba kuphela njengentatheli yaseForbes.

Ngokunjalo, ngo-2011, iButterworth ibingungoti ovelele kwi-International Sweeteners Association Conference, futhi yafaka isicelo sayo kweyabo isitatimende sephephandaba abukho "ubufakazi bokuba yingozi empilweni" kusuka ku-sucralose. Ukhonjwe "njengentatheli evame ukufaka isandla kwi-Financial Times naseWall Street Journal."

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-USRTK akhombisa ukuthi i-Coca Cola VP URona Applebaum uchaze iButterworth kubaholi beGlobal Energy Balance Network - a Iqembu eliphambili leCoca-Cola sisebenzela ukuphotha isayensi ngokukhuluphala - njengo “umngane wethu”Kanye nentatheli obekade“ukulungele futhi uyakwazi”Ukusebenza nabo. IButterworth ithe ayikaze isebenze nalelo qembu.

IButterworth manje isihlangene neCornell University njenge ovakashele esikanye naye eCornell Alliance for Science, iqembu elasungulwa ngonyaka we-2014 linemali eyisibonelelo esingu- $ 5.6 million yeGates Foundation ukuze khuthaza ama-GMO. Iqembu elixhaswe ngabakwaGates manje selihlanganyela ne-Sense About Science USA kwi-workshop yokufundisa ososayensi abasebasha ukuthi “Yimela iSayensi. "

I-Sense About Science USA nayo isebenza ngokuzibandakanya komphakathi imihlangano yokucobelelana ngolwazi yososayensi ezindaweni ezifana ne-University of Washington, University of Pittsburg, Carnegie Melon, Rockefeller University, Caltech kanye ne-University of Massachusetts, Boston.

UHenry I. Miller - Isikhungo seHoover

UHenry I. Miller, MD, ozakwabo eHoover Institution, ungomunye wabavikeli abanamandla kakhulu wokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nabaphikisi abanonya bokukufaka amalebuli. Ubhale ukuhlaselwa okuningi embonini yezinto eziphilayo, kufaka phakathi i- "The Colossal Hoax of Organic Agriculture" (Forbes), "Ukulima Ngokwemvelo Akusimeme" (Wall Street Journal) kanye ne "Iqiniso elingcolile Mayelana Nemikhiqizo Engokwemvelo" (Newsweek).

UMiller ubhale futhi evikela i- izibulala-zinambuzane ezilimaza izinyosi, amakhemikhali epulasitiki futhi imisebe evela ezikhungweni zamandla enuzi, futhi ubelokhu ephikisana ne ukwenziwa kabusha kwe-DDT. Akaphendulanga ezicelweni zokuphawula ngale ndaba.

Ngokungafani neButterworth ne-Entine, uMiller unesizinda sesayensi kanye nezimpawu zikahulumeni; ungudokotela wezokwelapha futhi wayengumqondisi osungula ihhovisi le-FDA le-biotechnology.

NjengoButterworth no-Entine, uxhaso lukaMiller luvela emaqenjini axhasa ukwenqaba kwesayensi yezulu - iHoover Institute's umxhasi ophezulu yiSarah Scaife Foundation, kanti leli qembu selithathe nemali kwaSearle Freedom Trust, Exxon Mobile, American Chemistry Council, Charles Koch Foundation naseDonors Trust.

Njengabasunguli be I-STATS ne-Sense Mayelana neSayensi, UMiller ubuye abe nobudlelwano nemikhankaso ye-PR embonini kagwayi. Ngonyaka we-1994 Imemo yeqhinga le-PR lenkampani kagwayi uPhillip Morris, UMiller wabizwa ngokuthi "umsekeli oqavile" womkhankaso womhlaba wonke wokulwa nemithetho kagwayi. Ngo-2012, UMiller wabhala leyo nicotine “akukubi kangako kuwe ngamanani ahanjiswa ngogwayi noma imikhiqizo engenantuthu.”

UMiller ubuye abe yilungu "lebhodi lokweluleka ngokwesayensi" le IGeorge C. Marshall Institute, edume kakhulu ngomkhakha wayo kawoyela negesi okhokhela ukwenqabela ukuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu, nowayengumphathiswa we Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, “okuxhomeke kakhulu ekuxhasweni yizinkampani ezinesabelo sezezimali ezingxoxweni zesayensi okuhlose ukubunjwa,” ngokusho kuka umama Jones.

Mhlawumbe ngokubona ukuthi amadoda akhombisayo akuyona imithombo engcono kakhulu yokuthonya abesifazane abathenga ukudla, uMiller usanda kwabelana ngama-byline nabesifazane abasifazane abajoyine ukuhlasela kwakhe abameli bezempilo kanye nabalimi abaphilayo.

Izibonelo zifaka isiqeshana esibhalwe ngokuhlanganyela noKavin Senapathy, umsunguli we- iqembu lokho kuzama phazamisa imicimbi yokukhuluma kwabagxeki be-GMO, isihloko esithi “Shala Izishoshovu; ” futhi eyodwa nge UJulie Kelly, uthisha wokupheka onomyeni wakhe olwela amalungelo enkampani enkulu yezolimo i-ADM, echaza ezolimo eziphilayo njenge “umbuso omubi. "

Umsebenzi wakamuva kaKelly ufaka isiqeshana ku- Buyekeza National kufaka ukungabaza kubaphenyi besayensi yesimo sezulu, nendatshana eku- The Hill enxenxa iCongress ukuthi ibuyisele imali i-International Agency for Research on Cancer, ayisola "ngokuhlanganiswa komdlavuza" kanye "nokusebenzisa isayensi engaqondakali ukuthuthukisa uhlelo oluthinta ezepolitiki."

Njengoba singena eshumini leminyaka lesihlanu lokulahlekelwa yimpi yomdlavuza, futhi njengoba ukungazinzi kwesimo sezulu kusongela imvelo kanye nohlelo lwethu lokudla, sekuyisikhathi sokuqaqa inethiwekhi yabaphikisi besayensi abathi babanga isembatho sesayensi futhi sibadalule ukuthi bayini: abasabalalisi bezindaba abenza lokho umsebenzi ongcolile wemboni.

Lo mbhalo ushicilelwe ekuqaleni ku Isazi sezinto eziphilayo.

UStacy Malkan ungumsunguli futhi ungumqondisi obambisene weqembu elingenzi nzuzo lomqapha womphakathi Ilungelo le-US Lokwazi. Ungumbhali wencwadi ethi “Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry,” ongomunye wabasunguli bomkhankaso kazwelonke we-Safe Cosmetics nowake waba ngumshicileli wephephandaba.