Isimemo sikaBayer sokuxazulula izimangalo zomdlavuza wase-US Roundup ziyaqhubeka

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Umnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG wenza inqubekela phambili ekuxazululeni izinkulungwane zamacala aseMelika alethwe ngabantu abathi bona noma abathandekayo babo baba nomdlavuza ngemuva kokuchayeka emithini yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto's Roundup.

Izincwadi zakamuva ezivela kubameli babamangali eziya kumakhasimende abo zigcizelele leyo nqubekelaphambili, eqinisekisa ukuthi iningi labamangali likhetha ukubamba iqhaza kulesi sikhokhelo, yize kunezikhalazo zabamangali abaningi zokuthi babhekene neziphakamiso zokukhokha ezincane ezingafanele.

Kwezinye izibalo, ukukhokhiswa okujwayelekile kuzoshiya isinxephezelo esincane, mhlawumbe izinkulungwane ezimbalwa zamaRandi, kubamangali ngabanye ngemuva kokukhokhwa kwemali yabameli kanye nezindleko ezithile zezokwelapha ezibuyiswayo.

Yize kunjalo, ngokwencwadi ethunyelwe kwabamangali ngasekupheleni kukaNovemba ngenye yamafemu abameli abahamba phambili enkantolo, ngaphezu kwamaphesenti angama-95 "wabamangali abafanelekile" banquma ukubamba iqhaza ohlelweni lokuxazulula okuxoxiswene ngalo nenkampani neBayer. “Umphathi wezindawo zokuhlala” manje unezinsuku ezingama-30 zokubuyekeza amacala bese eqinisekisa ukufaneleka kwabamangali ukuthola izimali zokuhlala, ngokusho kwezincwadi.

Abantu bangakhetha ukuphuma kuleso sivumelwano bese befaka izicelo zabo ekulamuleni, kulandelwe ukulamula okuyisibopho uma befisa noma bezama ukuthola ummeli omusha ozoqula icala labo. Labo bamangali bangaba nesikhathi esinzima sokuthola ummeli ozobasiza bathathe udaba lwabo baluse enkantolo ngoba amafemu abameli avumelana nokuxazululwa kweBayer avumile ukuthi angazami amanye amacala noma asize ekulingweni okuzayo.

Omunye ummangali, ocele ukungadalulwa ngegama ngenxa yobumfihlo bezinqubo zokukhokha, uthe uyaphuma kuleso sinqumo ngethemba lokuthola imali ethe xaxa ngokulamula noma ngecala elizayo. Uthe udinga ukuhlolwa okuqhubekayo nokwelashwa komdlavuza wakhe kanti nohlaka oluhlongozwayo lokuhlalisa abantu ngeke lumshiye ngalutho ukukhokhela lezo zindleko eziqhubekayo.

"IBayer ifuna ukukhululwa ngokukhokha imali encane ngangokunokwenzeka ngaphandle kokuya ecaleni," esho.

Ukulinganiselwa okulinganiselwe kokukhokhwa okujwayelekile kwemali ngayinye kummangali kungama- $ 165,000, abameli nabamangali abathintekayo ezingxoxweni bathe. Kepha abanye abamangali bangathola okuningi kakhulu, kanti abanye bathola okungaphansi, kuya ngemininingwane yecala labo. Kunemigomo eminingi yokunquma ukuthi ngubani ongabamba iqhaza ekukhokhelweni nokuthi ingakanani imali lowo muntu angayithola.

Ukuze afaneleke, umsebenzisi we-Roundup kufanele abe yisakhamuzi sase-US, kutholakale ukuthi une-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), futhi wadalulwa ku-Roundup okungenani unyaka owodwa ngaphambi kokutholakala ukuthi une-NHL.

Isivumelwano sokukhokha neBayer sizophela lapho umphathi eqinisekisa ukuthi ngaphezu kwamaphesenti angama-93 abafaka izicelo abafanelekile, ngokwemigomo yesivumelwano.

Uma umphathi wezokukhokha ethola ummangali engafanelekile, lowo mmangali unezinsuku ezingama-30 zokudlulisa isinqumo.

Kwabamangali ababhekwa njengabafanelekile umphathi wezindawo zokuhlala uzonikeza icala ngalinye amaphuzu amaningi ngokuya ngemibandela ethile. Inani lemali ummangali ngamunye azolithola lisuselwa kunani lamaphoyinti abalwe ngesimo sawo ngasinye.

Amaphuzu esisekelo asungulwa kusetshenziswa iminyaka yomuntu lowo ngesikhathi etholakala ukuthi une-NHL kanye nezinga lobunzima "bokulimala" njengoba kunqunywa izinga lokwelashwa nomphumela. Amazinga agijima u-1-5. Umuntu oshone nge-NHL unikezwa amaphuzu esisekelo ezingeni lesi-5, ngokwesibonelo. Amaphuzu amaningi anikezwa abantu abasha abahlushwa imijikelezo eminingi yokwelashwa kanye / noma abashona.

Ngaphezu kwamaphoyinti esisekelo, ukulungiswa kuvunyelwe okunikeza amaphuzu amaningi kubamangali ababenokuchayeka okuningi ku-Roundup. Kukhona nezibonelelo zamaphoyinti amaningi ezinhlobo ezithile ze-NHL. Abamangali abatholakale benohlobo lwe-NHL olubizwa nge-Primary Central Nervous System (CNS) lymphoma bathola ukukhushulwa ngamaphesenti ayi-10 kumanani abo, isibonelo.

Abantu futhi bangadonswa amaphuzu ngokususelwa ezicini ezithile. Nazi izibonelo ezithile ezithile ezivela kumatrix wamaphoyinti asungulwe ngecala le-Roundup:

  • Uma umsebenzisi womkhiqizo we-Roundup ashone ngaphambi kukaJanuwari 1, 2009, amaphuzu aphelele wesimangalo alethwe egameni lawo azokwehliswa ngamaphesenti angama-50.
  • Uma ummangali oshonile ebengenaye umlingani noma izingane ezincane ngesikhathi sokushona kwabo kudonswa amaphesenti angama-20.
  • Uma ummangali enomdlavuza wegazi ngaphambi kokusebenzisa i-Roundup amaphuzu abo anqunywa ngamaphesenti angama-30.
  • Uma isikhathi phakathi kokuchayeka kwe-Roundup kommangali nokutholakala kwe-NHL bekungaphansi kweminyaka emibili amaphuzu asikwa ngamaphesenti angama-20.

Izimali zokuhlala kufanele ziqale ukugelezela kubahlanganyeli entwasahlobo ngezinkokhelo zokugcina ezinethemba lokuthi zenziwe ehlobo, ngokusho kwabameli abathintekayo.

Abamangali nabo bangafaka izicelo zokuba yingxenye yesikhwama semali sokulimala esingajwayelekile, esakhelwe iqembu elincane labamangali abahlushwa ukulimala okukhulu okuhlobene neNHL. Isimangalo singafanelekela isikhwama sokulimala esingajwayelekile uma ukufa komuntu ku-NHL kwenzeka ngemuva kwezifundo ezintathu noma ngaphezulu ezigcwele ze-chemotherapy nezinye izindlela zokwelapha ezinolaka.

Kusukela ethenge iMonsanto e2018, iBayer ibisokola ukuthola ukuthi izophela kanjani enkantolo ebandakanya abamangali abangaphezu kuka-100,000 e-United States. Le nkampani ilahlekelwe yizo zonke izivivinyo ezintathu ebezibanjelwe kuze kube manje futhi ilahlekelwe yizikhalazo zokuqala ezifuna ukuguqula ukulahleka kwecala. Amajaji kwesinye nesinye sezivivinyo athola leyo kaMonsanto ukhula lwe-glyphosate-based, njengeRoundup, idala umdlavuza nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

Imiklomelo yamajaji ifinyelele ngaphezu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 2, yize izahlulelo ziyalelwe ukuthi zincishiswe ngamajaji asenkantolo yokuqulwa kwamacala.

Imizamo yenkampani yokuxazulula leli cala iye yabekelwa eceleni yingqinamba yokuthi zingasuswa kanjani izimangalo ezingalethwa ngokuzayo ngabantu ababa nomdlavuza ngemuva kokusebenzisa imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yenkampani.

Ukudluliswa Kwezilingo Kuyaqhubeka

Noma iBayer ihlose ukuqeda ukuvivinywa okuzayo ngamadola okukhokha, inkampani iyaqhubeka nokuzama ukuguqula imiphumela yezilingo ezintathu inkampani elahlekile.

Ekulahlekelweni kokuqala kwesivivinyo - Icala likaJohnson v. Monsanto - IBayer ilahlekelwe yimizamo yokuguqula amajaji athola ukuthi uMonsanto ubhekene nesifo somdlavuza kaJohnson ezingeni lenkantolo yokudlulisa amacala, kwathi ngo-Okthoba, iNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia unqabile ukubuyekeza icala.

IBayer manje inezinsuku eziyi-150 kusukela kuleso sinqumo sokucela ukuthi lolu daba luthathwe yiNkantolo Ephakeme yase-US. Le nkampani ayikasithathi isinqumo sokugcina mayelana nalesi sinyathelo, ngokusho komkhulumeli weBayer, kodwa iveze phambilini ukuthi ihlose ukuthatha lesi sinyathelo.

Uma iBayer ifaka isicelo eNkantolo Ephakeme yase-US, abameli bakaJohnson kulindeleke ukuthi bafake isicelo sokuphikisa esinemibandela becela inkantolo ukuthi ihlolisise izinyathelo zokwahlulela ezanciphisa umklomelo wamajaji kaJohnson kusuka ku- $ 289 million kuya ku- $ 20.5 million.

Amanye amacala enkantolo yaseBayer / Monsanto

Ngaphezu kwesikweletu uBayer abhekene nesibopho sakwaMonsanto sikaRoundup somdlavuza, inkampani ilwa nezikweletu zeMonsanto ezinkantolo zokungcola kwePCB nasenkingeni yokulimala kwezitshalo okubangelwe uhlelo lwezitshalo olususelwa ku-Micanto dicamba herbicide.

Ijaji lombuso eLos Angeles ngesonto eledlule wasenqaba isiphakamiso yiBayer ukukhokha imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 648 ukuxazulula amacala asezingeni elilethwe ngabamangali abasola ukungcoliswa okuvela kuma-biphenyls anezinwele, noma ama-PCB, enziwe iMonsanto.

Nangesonto eledlule, ijaji eliqulile icala le I-Bader Farms, Inc. v. Monsanto wenqaba iziphakamiso zikaBayer zokuqulwa kwecala elisha. Ijaji lisike umonakalo wokujeziswa onikezwe yijaji, noma kunjalo, kusuka ku- $ 250 million kuya ku- $ 60 million, kushiya umonakalo ongaphelele we $ 15 million, ngomklomelo ophelele ka- $ 75 million.

Amadokhumenti atholiwe ngokutholwa kwecala likaBader kuveze ukuthi iMonsanto ne-giant BASF yamakhemikhali babazi iminyaka ukuthi izinhlelo zabo zokwethula uhlelo lwembewu yezolimo kanye namakhemikhali olususelwa ku-dicamba kungenzeka ziholele emonakalweni emapulazini amaningi ase-US.

INkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia iphika ukubuyekezwa kokulahleka kwecala leMonsanto Roundup

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

INkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia ayizukubuyekeza ukunqoba kwecala lowesilisa waseCalifornia elanqoba iMonsanto, laphinde lahlasela umnikazi waseMonsanto waseGerman, uBayer AG.

The isinqumo sokwenqaba ukubuyekezwa ecaleni likaDewayne “Lee” Johnson umaka okwakamuva ochungechungeni lokulahlekelwa yinkantolo ngenxa Bayer njengoba izama ukuqeda izindawo zokuhlala nabamangali ababalelwa ku-100,000 XNUMX abathi ngamunye noma abathandekayo bakhe bathuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kusukela ekuchayekeni kwe-Roundup nabanye ababulali bokhula baseMonsanto. Amajaji ekuhlolweni ngakunye kwezintathu okubanjwe kuze kube manje awatholanga lokho kuphela kwenkampani ukhula lwe-glyphosate-based kubangela umdlavuza kepha nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

“Sidumele ngesinqumo seNkantolo sokungabuyekezi isinqumo senkantolo yokudlulisa enkantolo ephakathi Johnson sizobheka nezinqumo zethu zomthetho ukuze siqhubeke nokubuyekeza leli cala, ”kusho uBayer esitatimendeni.  

Inkampani kaMiller, Inkampani yabameli bakaJohnson eseVirginia, ithe isinqumo seNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia siphikile “umzamo kaMonsanto wakamuva wokweqa umthwalo” ngokudala umdlavuza kaJohnson.

“Amajaji amaningi manje asekuqinisekisile ukuvumelana ngazwi linye kwejaji ukuthi iMonsanto ifihle ngenhloso ingozi yomdlavuza kaRoundup futhi yabangela uMnu. Johnson ukuba abe nomdlavuza obulalayo. Isikhathi sesifikile sokuthi iMonsanto iqede izicelo zayo ezingenasisekelo futhi ikhokhele uMnu Johnson imali emukweleta yona, ”kusho le nkampani.

Ijaji elavumelana ngazwi linye elatholakala ngo-Agasti 2018 lokuthi ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto kwabangela ukuthi uJohnson athuthukise uhlobo olubulalayo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ijaji labuye lathola ukuthi iMonsanto yenza ukufihla ubungozi bemikhiqizo yayo ngokuziphatha ngendlela emangazayo kangangokuba inkampani kufanele ikhokhele uJohnson $ 250 million ngokulimala kokujezisa ngaphezu kuka- $ 39 wezigidi kumonakalo odlule nowesikhathi esizayo.

Ngemuva kokudluliswa kwesinqumo esivela eMonsanto, ijaji lecala lanciphisa imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 289 kuya ku- $ 78 million. Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ibe isinqamula lo mklomelo waba ngu- $ 20.5 million, icaphuna iqiniso lokuthi uJohnson kwakulindeleke ukuthi aphile isikhashana nje.

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ithe yehlise indondo yomonakalo ngaphandle kokuthola kwakukhona ubufakazi "obuningi" bokuthi i-glyphosate, kanye nezinye izithako emikhiqizweni yakwaRoundup, yabangela umdlavuza kaJohnson nokuthi "kwakukhona ubufakazi obuqand 'ikhanda bokuthi uJohnson wahlupheka, futhi usazoqhubeka nokuhlupheka impilo yakhe yonke, ubuhlungu obukhulu nokuhlupheka. ”

Bobabili uMonsanto noJohnson bafuna ukubuyekezwa yiNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia, uJohnson ecela ukubuyiselwa umklomelo omkhulu wokulimala kanti uMonsanto ufuna ukuguqula isinqumo senkantolo.

IBayer ifinyelele ezindaweni zokuhlala nezinkampani ezimbalwa ezihola phambili zabameli ezimele isabelo esikhulu sezimangalo ezilethwe iMonsanto. NgoJuni, iBayer yathi izonikeza u- $ 8.8 billion kuya ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula icala.

Ijaji laseMelika lifuna iMonsanto neBayer ukuthi baqale izingxoxo zokuxazulula izinkinga zomdlavuza weRoundup

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

IJaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria ucela uMonsanto nomnikazi wayo omusha uBayer AG ukuthi baqale ukuxoxisana nabameli bezisulu zomdlavuza abamangalele uMonsanto bethi i-Roundup yayo kanye namanye ama-herbicides asuselwa e-glyphosate enza i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Isinyathelo sikaChhabria siza ngemuva komklomelo wamajaji ayi- $ 80 million wabanxephezeli u-Edwin Hardeman ngenyanga edlule enkantolo yakhe. Futhi ngummangali wehlobo eledlule uDewayne “Lee” Johnson wanikezwa amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-289 ngamajaji enkantolo yezwe, yize ijaji kulelo cala lehlisa umonakalo laya ezigidini ezingama-78 zamaRandi.

U-Chhabria wayexwayise ngokuthi angahle athathe isinyathelo esinjalo, kodwa waveza nokuthi uzolinda kuze kuphothulwe ukuqulwa kwamacala amathathu ngaphambi kokufuna isivumelwano. Isivivinyo sesithathu somdlavuza seRoundup sisanda kuqhubeka, noma kunjalo.

Njengoba ecindezela amaqembu ukuthi axazulule, uChabbria ushiye usuku lokuqulwa kwecala lwangoMeyi 20 obelubekelwe ukuqulwa kwecala likahulumeni elilandelayo. Leli cala, UStevick v. Monsanto  yafakwa ngo-Ephreli 2016 ngu-Elaine Stevick, one-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, nomyeni wakhe uChristopher Stevick. Lezi zithandani bezihambele izingxenye ezithile zecala likaHardeman.

Abamangali ababalelwa ku-11,000 bamangalele iMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer ehlobo eledlule. Ngaphezu kwalezi zinsolo ezingama-800 zibhekwe yiChabria njengezimbangi zamazwe amaningi. Kusalindwe izinkulungwane ezimbalwa ezinkantolo zombuso ezweni lonke.

Izingqapheli ziye zacabanga ukuthi ukukhokhelwa komhlaba wonke kungasebenza phakathi kwama- $ 3 billion kuya ku- $ 5 billion.

IBayer inananise nesimo seMonsanto sokuma isikhathi eside sokuthi i-Roundup namanye ama-herbicides asuselwa eglyphosate ngaphakathi kwephothifoliyo yezinkampani aphephile futhi awubangeli umdlavuza. Kepha abatshalizimali eBayer bebelokhu bexaka isitoko senkampani futhi egxeka isikhulu esiphezulu seBayer uWerner Baumann  ngokukhokha amaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 63 ngeMonsanto kuphela ukuze ube nesibopho sezikweletu zamacala amakhulu. Abanye banxenxa ivoti lokungamethembi uBaumann emhlanganweni wonyaka wenkampani ohlelelwe u-Ephreli 26. Amasheya enkampani alahlekelwe cishe ngamaphesenti angama-40 ngenani - cishe ama- $ 39 billion - selokhu kwaqulwa icala likaJohnson ehlobo eledlule.

Khonamanjalo, bekukhona izinhlansi zakuqala ezindiza ecaleni lomdlavuza iRoundup eliqhubeka manje eNkantolo Ephakeme yase-Alameda County. Uma kunjalo, umbhangqwana oshadile u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod bobabili bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abasola ukuthi ibangelwe ukusetshenziswa kwabo okuvamile kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto.

Ummeli wabamangali uMike Miller ucele iJaji uWinifred Smith ukuthi khipha i-oda lokuvimbela lesikhashana ngokumelene neMonsanto ngokukhangisa okunzima inkampani ebikwenza ukuvikela ukuphepha kwemithi yokubulala ukhula yayo, kufaka phakathi isikhangiso esigcwele ikhasi kuWall Street Journal ngoMashi 25, usuku lapho i-voir dire yokukhetha amajaji ecaleni likaPilliod yaqala khona.

IMonsanto iphikisiwe ngokukhomba ukuthi abameli babamangali bebelokhu beqhuba izikhangiso zabo eziningi befuna amaklayenti amasha ecaleni leRoundup. Lesi siphakamiso sizoba "ukuhleleka okungahambisani nomthethosisekelo" futhi "siconsa ubuzenzisi," kusho abameli beMonsanto.

Ngokuphikisana nomyalelo, abameli bakaMonsanto batshele ijaji ukuthi iMiller Firm, emele amaPilliods nabanye abamangali abaningi, babe nesikhangiso eSan Francisco Chronicle bethi “ukuphindeka kabili noma kathathu” kwengozi yokungabi yiHodgkin lymphoma Ukuvezwa kwe-Roundup ezinsukwini eziyisikhombisa nje ngaphambi kokuqala kwecala likaPilliod. UMonsanto uthe kube nezikhangiso ezingama-2,187 ezilwa ne-Roundup zethelevishini nezomsakazo kusuka ngoDisemba 1, 2018 kuya kuMashi 21, 2019 ”emakethe yezindaba yaseSan Francisco.

IJaji uSmith lithole impikiswano kaMonsanto ikholisa futhi usiphikile isicelo sabamangali umkhawulo ekukhangiseni.

Izicathulo eziningi zeMonsanto (Imibhalo) Isethelwe kuDrop

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Inkampani yabammeli iBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman, ebibambisene neMiller Firm ekunqobeni ukunqoba okungokomlando kommangali uDewayne Lee Johnson phezu kweMonsanto ngo-Agasti, ifuna ukususwa kwamakhasi angamakhulu amaningana amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto atholakala ngokutholakala kepha kuze kube manje ugcinwe uvaliwe.

U-Baum Hedlund ngonyaka odlule wakhipha amakhulu amanye amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto afaka phakathi ama-imeyili, ama-memos, imiyalezo kanye nokunye ukuxhumana okwaba nomthelela esinqumweni esisodwa sokuthola ukuthi iMonsanto yasebenza "ngobubi" ngokungaxwayisi amakhasimende ngezinkinga zesayensi mayelana nokubulala ukhula kwayo okususelwa ku-glyphosate . Imithombo yeJury ithi lawo marekhodi angaphakathi abenomthelela omkhulu emiklomelweni yabo yokulimaza engu- $ 250 million yokujeziswa kweMonsanto, ijaji kuleli cala elehlise laba ngama- $ 39 million ngomklomelo ophelele ka- $ 78 million.

Abameli babamangali ezilingo ezimbili ezizayo bathi amarekhodi eMonsanto angakaze abonwe esidlangalaleni phambilini azoba yingxenye yobufakazi obusha abahlela ukubethula kulezi zivivinyo.

Namuhla futhi kungumnqamulajuqu wokuthi abameli babamangali baphendule esinyakazweni sikaMonsanto esithi “buyisela emuva bifurcate” icala likaFebhuwari 25 elibekelwe iNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US esiFundeni esiseNyakatho neCalifornia. (bona ukufakwa kukaDisemba 11 ngezansi ukuthola eminye imininingwane)