UNina Fedoroff: Ukugqugquzela igunya lesayensi yaseMelika ukubuyisela iMonsanto

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo
  • Njengomongameli nosihlalo webhodi le-AAAS kusuka ngo-2011-2013, uDkt Fedoroff uthuthukise izinhloso zenqubomgomo yomkhakha wezolimo. Manje usebenzela inkampani yezikhalazo.
  • Imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know ikhombisa ukuthi ubudlelwane bomphakathi kanye nemizamo yokunxenxa kuhlanganiswa kanjani ekusithekeni phakathi kwemboni yezolimo, amaqembu angaphambili kanye nezifundiswa ezibonakala zizimele.

UNina Fedoroff, i-PhD, ungomunye wososayensi abanethonya elikhulu abalwela ukwanda nokuncishiswa kokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Ungumongameli wangaphambilini we-American Association for the Advancement of Science (2011-2012) futhi owayengusihlalo we-AAAS Board of Directors (2012-2013). Ungu- umeluleki omkhulu wesayensi kusukela ngo-2015 e-OFW Law, inkampani yokubamba iqhaza lapho amaklayenti afakiwe Syngenta futhi Umkhandlu Wezokwaziswa Kwe-Biotechnology, iqembu lokuhweba elimele iBayer (engumnikazi weMonsanto), iBASF, iCorteva (isigaba seDowDuPont) neSyngenta.

Kusukela ngo-2007-2010, uDkt Fedoroff wasebenza njengomeluleki wesayensi nobuchwepheshe kuNobhala Wezwe kanye noMphathi we-USAID ngaphansi kokuphathwa kukaGeorge W. Bush kanye no-Obama. Ngaphambi kwalokho, wayengu- ilungu lebhodi we-Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, inkampani yamakhemikhali yamazwe ngamazwe kanye ne-biotech; kanye ne Ilungu lebhodi elelulekayo ye-Evogene, inkampani ye-biotechnology esebenzisana nayo DuPont, Syngenta, Bayer futhi Monsanto.

Umcimbi wango-2017 wokukhangisa uMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nempilo Incwadi ethi “junk science” kufakwe uDkt Fedoroff futhi ososayensi ababili abahambisana namaqembu aphika isayensi yezulu.

NjengoNobhala Wezwe uHillary “Umbusi wesayensi kaClinton, "UDkt Fedoroff wasebenza njengonozakuzaku we"GMO yonke indlela”Ngenqubomgomo yaseMelika yezangaphandle, uTom Philpott wabika eGrist ngo-2008 nango-2009. I-Pesticide Action Network yaseNyakatho Melika ichaze uDkt. Fedoroff ngokuthi“inxusa laseMelika ngokoqobo ”lobunjiniyela bezakhi zofuzo. Ngokusho kukaGreenpeace, uDkt. Fedoroff ube “a ummeli oshisekayo wokwanda komhlaba jikelele kweGM ukudla (okushintshwe izakhi zofuzo) kuwo wonke umsebenzi wakhe. ”

Ngesikhathi sakhe sokuba ngumongameli nosihlalo we-AAAS, i ngobukhulu emhlabeni umphakathi wesayensi eyahlukahlukene, uDkt Fedoroff waqokomisa lezo zindima ukuhlinzeka ngosizo lwezepolitiki embonini yezolimo: isibonelo, i-AAAS Board of Directors ngaphansi kukasihlalo wayo yakhipha isitatimende esasibekelwe isikhathi sezepolitiki sokuphikisana nokufakwa kophawu lweGMO ngonyaka ka-2012. Ngenkathi engumongameli wenhlangano yesayensi ngo-2011. , UDkt Fedoroff usize ukwehlula isiphakamiso se-EPA sase-US ebesizodinga imininingwane eyengeziwe yezempilo nokuphepha yezitshalo ze-GMO, ngokusho kwama-imeyili achazwe ngezansi. Bheka, UNina Fedoroff, i-AAAS kanye nomkhakha wezobuchwepheshe bezolimo. UDkt Fedoroff ne-AAAS abaphendulanga ezicelweni zempendulo.

Ukuhlangana namaqembu aphambili embonini ekhohlisayo nemizamo ye-PR

UDkt Fedoroff ukhuthaze futhi wasiza ukwenza ngokusemthethweni amaqembu athi angamazwi azimele esayensi kepha asebenza ngasese nemboni yezolimo ngezindlela ezidukisa umphakathi - kufaka phakathi amaqembu amabili asiza iMonsanto zama ukwehlisa isithunzi ososayensi abasebenza ophikweni lochwepheshe beWorld Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) oluchaza i-glyphosate njenge kungenzeka i-carcinogen yomuntu e 2015.

Umkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nempilo (ACSH) uxhaswa ngu izinkampani zamakhemikhali, ezithaka imithi kanye nogwayi, ngokuvumelana ne kudalulwe imibhalo yangaphakathi lowo mbhalo wokuthi iqembu lizifaka kanjani izinsizakalo zalo ezinkampanini ngemikhankaso yokuvikela umkhiqizo. Ama-imeyili akhishwe ngezinqubo zenkantolo akhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto bavuma ukuxhasa i-ACSH ku-2015, futhi ucele iqembu ukuthi libhale ngalo umbiko womdlavuza we-IARC nge-glyphosate; I-ACSH ngokuhamba kwesikhathi bathi umbiko womdlavuza wawungowokukhwabanisa okungokwesayensi.     

UDkt Fedoroff usize ukukhuthaza leli qembu njengomthombo osemthethweni wesayensi ku-2017 Umcimbi weNational Press Club ukwethula i-ACSH's “Little Black Book of Junk Science” Ababebonakala eceleni kukaDkt Fedoroff emcimbini wabezindaba bekungososayensi ababili abaxhumene namaqembu athi ukuphika isayensi yezulu futhi ukunxenxa imikhiqizo kagwayi:

Iphrojekthi Yezofuzo: UDkt Fedoroff ubaliwe njengelungu lebhodi kuwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project, iqembu elithi lizimele kodwa abalingani neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR kanye nokunxenxa, ngokwemibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know. Imibhalo ekhishwe ekufayweni kwenkantolo ibonisa ukuthi iMonsanto ibhale leli qembu phakathi kwe- "Abalingani bemboni" behlela ukuzibandakanya nesu lokuhlela "ukukhala" ngokuhlolwa kwe-IARC kwe-glyphosate ukuze "kuvikelwe isithunzi ne-FTO ye-Roundup." IGenetic Literacy Project selokhu yathumela okungaphezulu kwe- Izihloko ze-200 egxeka i-ejensi yocwaningo lomdlavuza, kufaka phakathi ukuhlaselwa komuntu siqu kososayensi ababandakanyeka embikweni we-glyphosate, ebasola uzungu, ukukhwabanisa, elele, inkohlakalo, imfihlo, nokukhuthazwa “inzuzo nokuyize. ”??

Ku-an uchungechunge lokuwina imiklomelo eLe Monde mayelana "nemizamo kaMonsanto yokucekela phansi i-UN ejensi yomdlavuza nganoma iyiphi indlela," izintatheli uStéphane Foucart noStéphane Horel bachaze iGenetic Literacy Project ne-ACSH "njengamawebhusayithi aziwa kakhulu enkulumo-ze" futhi bathi i-GLP "idliswa ngabantu be-PR abaxhumene izimboni zezibulala-zinambuzane ne-biotechnology. ” I-GLP yethulwe ngo-2011 nguJon Entine, onenkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi eyayineMonsanto njengekhasimende ngaleso sikhathi.

Ukuhlaselwa kwabaphenyi bomdlavuza kuwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project ebala uDkt Fedoroff "njengelungu lebhodi":

Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa: UDkt Fedoroff ukhuthaze ukubuyekeza kwe-Academics njengomthombo wesayensi onokwethenjelwa esihlokweni sango-2012 ku Amathrendi ku-Genetics kanye nengxoxo ye-2016 ne-Washington Examiner mayelana ubuntatheli besayensi obumpofu. Imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know ikhombisa ukuthi ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo kwakungu usethe njengeqembu langaphambili ngosizo lweMonsanto ukudicilela phansi abagxeki bobunjiniyela kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, ngenkathi ukugcina izigxivizo zeminwe zenkampani zifihliwe. Iqembu, okuyi bathi ukuzimela kodwa kwaba uxhaswe yizinkampani zezolimo, ahlasele imboni yezimboni “njengomkhonyovu wokumaketha.”

Ikamu leBiotech Literacy Boot Camp: UDkt Fedoroff wabalwa ohlwini lwe- ilungu lobuchwepheshe obuyisisekelo we-Biotech Literacy Project “camp boot” owawubanjelwe e-UC Davis ngo-2015. Lo mcimbi wawuhlelwe ngamaqembu amabili e-PR, Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, futhi uxhaswe ngasese yizinkampani zezolimo ukuze “aqeqeshe ososayensi nezintatheli ukuhlela impikiswano ngama-GMO nobuthi be-glyphosate,” kubika uPaul Thacker ku-Okuqhubekayo. Izipikha zifake uhlu olujwayelekile lwabalingani bemboni ye-PR kubandakanya UJay Byrne, UJon Entine, UBruce Chassy, ​​uDavid Tribe, UHank Campbell we-ACSH futhi I-keynote by “iSci Babe.”

I-AgBioWorld: Ku-2012 Trends and Genetics wakhe esihlokweni, UDkt. Fedoroff wakhuthaza iwebhusayithi i-AgBioWorld ngokuthi “enye insiza eyigugu” yokufunda ngesayensi. Ngo-2002 ku-Guardian, UGeorge Monbiot uchaze ukuthi ithimba le-PR leMonsanto lisebenzise kanjani iwebhusayithi ye-AgBioWorld nama-akhawunti enkohliso ezokuxhumana nabantu ukuhlambalaza ososayensi nabezemvelo abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngezitshalo zeGM. UMonbiot ubike: 

“Ekupheleni konyaka odlule, uJay Byrne, owayengumphathi [weMonsanto] wezokuxhumana nge-internet, wachazela amanye amafemu amaqhinga ayewasebenzisile eMonsanto. Ukhombise ukuthi, ngaphambi kokuthi aqale ukusebenza, izingosi eziphezulu ze-GM ezibalwe yinjini yokusesha kwi-inthanethi zonke zazigxeka ubuchwepheshe. Ngemuva kokungenelela kwakhe, izingosi ezisezingeni eliphezulu zonke bezingabasekeli (ezine zazo ezisungulwe yinkampani yakwaMonsanto's PR Bivings). Ubatshele ukuthi 'bacabange nge-intanethi njengesikhali esisetafuleni. Kuphakathi kokuthi uyayicosha noma umuntu oyincintisana naye uyayithatha, kodwa kukhona umuntu ozobulawa. '

Ngenkathi esebenzela iMonsanto, uByrne utshele iphephandaba le-inthanethi ukuthi Wow ukuthi 'usebenzisa isikhathi sakhe nomzamo wakhe ukubamba iqhaza' ezingxoxweni zewebhu mayelana ne-biotech. Ukhombe indawo i-AgBioWorld, lapho 'eqinisekisa ukuthi inkampani yakhe idlala khona kahle.' I-AgBioWorld yisiza lapho [umlingisi mbumbulu online uMary] Smetacek aqala khona umkhankaso wakhe. ”

Ukuhlaselwa ku-Greenpeace: UDkt Fedoroff wakhuluma ku umcimbi wokucindezela we-2016 weqembu elizibiza “Sekela i-Precision Agriculture, ”Ebethula incwadi esayinwe ngabaklonyelizi bezindondo abangaphezu kwekhulu beNobel begxeka iGreenpeace ngokungahambisani kwabo namaGMO. Ababambisene nomkhakha wezolimo usizile ngomkhankaso, kufaka phakathi owayenguMqondisi Wezokuxhumana kaMonsanto UJay Byrne; iqembu langaphambili lokuhweba nge-biotech VP I-Val Giddings; noMat Winkler, oxhasa imali nge- Iphrojekthi ye-PR ye-Genetic Literacy Project futhi ibhalwe njenge- ilungu lebhodi kanye noDkt Fedoroff kuwebhusayithi yeqembu. Uhlobo lwe- .com lwewebhusayithi okuthiwa izimele ye- “Support Precision Agriculture” iqondiswe kabusha kwi-Genetic Literacy Project iminyaka (yahlukaniswa ngemuva kokuthi siyinake ku-2019). Ku- ama-imeyili avela ku-2011, U-Byrne wakhomba i-Greenpeace ohlwini lwama "target" ayelwenzela iMonsanto enamagama abagxeki bezimboni ababengabhekana nabo ngemuva kwekhava iqembu lezemfundo elixhaswe ngezimboni lokho kwavela ngokuzimela.

Umngani we GMO Izimpendulo: UDkt Fedoroff uyi isazi esizimele Izimpendulo ze-GMO, a Umkhankaso we-PR owenziwe ubudlelwano bomphakathi kaKetchum, ene-a umlando wokusebenzisa amaqhinga akhohlisayo ukuthonya umphakathi. Yize uKetchum ebanga umkhankaso weZimpendulo ze-GMO 'kungachaza kabusha okwenzekayo,' iqembu izimpendulo ezibhaliwe ngochwepheshe "ozimele" futhi wabalwa phakathi "kwabalingani bemboni" ku Uhlelo lukaMonsanto lwe-PR ukuvikela i-Roundup ekukhathazekeni komdlavuza. A Isigaba "sezinsizakusebenza" (ikhasi 4) sikhombe kwizixhumanisi zeGMO Answers kanye neMonsanto ezixhumana nomyalezo wenkampani othi "IGlyphosate akuyona i-carcinogenic." Ngo-2016, UDkt Fedoroff ukhulume ngesigungu esixhaswe ngabakwa-GMO Answers, Scientific American kanye ne ICornell Alliance yeSayensi mayelana nokusakazwa kwabezindaba kwesayensi equkethe izintatheli ezinobungani embonini UKeith Kloor futhi UTamar Haspel. Bona “IMedia Machine yeMonsanto Iza eWashington, ”NguPaul Thacker.

Uphenyo oluphikisayo lokuthola ubudlelwane bemboni nezifundo

Ku-2015, uDkt Fedoroff nabanye abaongameli ababili be-AAAS, uPeter Raven noPhillip Sharp, bathuthukisa izindima zabo zobuholi be-AAAS, kepha behlulekile ukudalula noma yikuphi ukubambisana kwabo embonini, ku-Guardian i-op-ed ophikisana nophenyo lwamarekhodi womphakathi obefuna ukuthola ubudlelwano obungadalulwanga nezinhlelo zezimali phakathi kwezinkampani zezolimo, amaqembu abo e-PR kanye noprofesa abaxhaswe umphakathi. I- uphenyo olwenziwe yi-US Right to Know wembule eminye yemibhalo esemqoka echazwe kuleli qiniso.

Yize uGuardian kamuva engeze i- ukudalulwa ukuthi uDkt Fedoroff usebenza enkampanini yokwamukela izivakashi i-OFW Law, akuzange kudalule lokho Iklayenti le-OFW Law ngaleso sikhathi kwakuyiqembu lezokuhweba lezimboni zezolimo, izinkampani zalo ezingamalungu ezazigxile ekuphenyweni kwamarekhodi omphakathi. Omengameli bangaphambilini be-AAAS baphikisana nohlelo lwabo lokuthi uphenyo lokuthola ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo ezingadalulwanga embonini nezifundo "lwalukhipha ikhasi encwadini yokudlala yeClimategate" futhi luthinta "ukuphika isayensi," izimangalo ezifanayo enziwe yizimboni amaqembu e-PR achazwe kuleli qiniso.

Kusetshenziswa i-AAAS ukuqhubekisela phambili izinhloso zenqubomgomo yomkhakha wezolimo

Ngesikhathi sakhe sokuba ngumongameli we-American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) kusuka ngo-2011-2012 nanjengoSihlalo weBhodi Yabaqondisi kusukela ngo-2012-2013, uDkt Fedoroff wasebenza nabalingani bemboni yezolimo ukuthuthukisa izinhloso zenqubomgomo ezisemqoka: ukugcina izakhi zofuzo ukudla okwenziwe ngobuchwepheshe kungabhalwanga futhi kwehliswa isiphakamiso se-US Environmental Protection Agency ebesizodinga imininingwane eyengeziwe ngemithelela yezempilo nezemvelo yezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo ezihlukaniswa njengezibulala-zinambuzane.

I-AAAS isize ukuncenga abavoti ukuthi baphikise ukufakwa ilebuli kwe-GMO

Ngo-2012, iBhodi Labaqondisi be-AAAS ngaphansi kukaSihlalo kaDkt Fedoroff yathatha isinyathelo esingajwayelekile sokuthatha uhlangothi odabeni lwezepolitiki olunombango kusasele amasonto amabili ngaphambi kokuba abavoti eCalifornia baye okhethweni lokuthatha isinqumo ngeProposition 37, okuyisinyathelo sokuvotela ama-GMO. Ukubuyekezwa kwezitatimende eziningi zezepolitiki ezenziwe yi-AAAS azitholanga ezinye izibonelo zenhlangano eyayizama ukuthonya abavoti ngaphambi kokhetho lombuso. (I-AAAS noDkt. Fedoroff abaziphendulanga izicelo zokubeka imibono. Futhi ukudalulwa: abaqondisi abasebenzisana ne-USRTK basebenze emkhankasweni wokufaka ilebula.)

Amabhodi we-AAAS isitatimende Ukuphikisa ilebula le-GMO kwakuyimpikiswano. It kuqukethe ukunganembi, ngokusho kwamalungu esikhathi eside e-AAAS, amaningi awo usilahlile isitatimende esiphikisana nokulebula njengokuhlasela “kobaba” kwamalungelo abathengi okudukise umphakathi ngokushiya umongo obalulekile wesayensi nokulawula. Okhulumela i-AAAS ngaleso sikhathi, uGinger Pinholster, wabiza ukugxekwa ngokuthi “akulungile futhi akunankinga.” Utshele intatheli ubesekamelweni ngesikhathi ibhodi lidlulisa isitatimende: “Asilona iqembu labameli. Izitatimende zethu sizenza ngokuya ngobufakazi besayensi, ”kusho uPinholster. "Ngingakutshela ukuthi isitatimende sethu asiwona umsebenzi noma asithonywanga yinhlangano engaphandle."

Abanye izingqapheli baqaphela ukufana kolimi olusetshenziswa yi-AAAS ne- umkhankaso oxhaswa ngezimboni ukwehlula isiphakamiso 37. "Ngabe iqembu elikhulu lesayensi liyayilahla iMonsanto?”Kubuza uMichele Simon ngoGrist. USimon uchaze isitatimende sebhodi "njengesingeyona isayensi kepha esifanele kakhulu ukucaphuna," futhi waphawula ukuthi ukukhishwa kwabezindaba kwe-AAAS ibiqukethe "amaphuzu okuxoxa" ahambisana no-No on 37 izincwadi zomkhankaso.

"Ukubonakala ungaphansi kokusobala kungumqondo omubi ngempela emphakathini wezesayensi"

Phakathi ku Incwadi ka-2013 eya kumagazini weSayensi, elinye iqembu lososayensi abali-11 lizwakalise ukukhathazeka ngokuthi isitatimende sebhodi le-AAAS ngokudla okuyi-GMO "singahle siqhume." Babhala bathi, “sikhathazekile ukuthi isikhundla se-AAA simele indlela engenalo ulwazi lokuxhumana nesayensi…  ukubonakala kungabonakali obala kuwumqondo omubi ngempela emphakathini wesayensi. ”

UDkt. ososayensi abane abamele "umphakathi wesayensi nowezemfundo" ophikisana nokulebula kwe-GMO. Umkhankaso ngokuhamba kwesikhathi wacela uDkt Fedoroff ukuthi asize ekufuneni izifundiswa ezengeziwe emgomweni wazo, lokho wakwenza ngokusho kuka Okthoba 1, 2012 imeyili kuMeghan Callahan we-BCF Wezindaba Zomphakathi, “Ngidlulisele [isicelo sakho sabaxhasi bezemfundo] eqenjini lamazwe omhlaba le-biotechnology elisekela izifundiswa. Ngiyasola ukuthi uzobe uzwa ezingxenyeni eziningi zomhlaba, ”kubhala uDkt Fedoroff.

Kusize ukubulala izidingo zedatha yezitshalo ezikhiqiza izibulala-zinambuzane

Ngo-2011 ngenkathi esebenza njengoMongameli we-AAAS, uDkt. Fedoroff wasebenza nabalingani bemboni yezolimo kanye nomuntu osebenzela izimboni ukumisa i-US Environmental Protection Agency ekudingeni izinkampani ukuthi zinikeze imininingwane eyengeziwe yezempilo nokuphepha yokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okuhlukaniswa njengezibulala-zinambuzane, ngokusho kwama-imeyili kuchazwe ngezansi.

Isiphakamiso se-EPA sisuselwe engxoxweni yePhaneli Elulekayo Yezesayensi ye-EPA yango-2009 mayelana izindlela zokwenza ngcono ikhono le-ejensi lokwenza izinqumo ezilawulayo mayelana nezitshalo ezenzelwe izakhi zofuzo ukukhiqiza noma ukuqukatha izibulala-zinambuzane, i-EPA eyibiza ngokuthi "izivikeli ezifakwe ezitshalweni" (ama-PIP). Amalungu ePhaneli acelwe ukuthi ahlole izidingo zamanje neziphakanyiswayo zedatha ye-EPA yama-PIP kulezi zindawo ezilandelayo:

  • idatha yokuhlola ukufana okukhona phakathi kwama-PIP nama-allergen, ubuthi, ama-anti-nutrient namanye amaprotheni ayingozi;
  • ukuhlolwa kwemiphumela ehambisanayo kwezempilo nakwizinto ezingezona ezihlosiwe, lapho izici ezimbili noma ngaphezulu ze-GMO zihlanganisiwe (istacked trait GMOs);
  • imithelela engahle ibe khona kubantu abancane bezinto eziphilayo emhlabathini; futhi
  • idatha yokubhekana kangcono nemithelela yokugeleza kofuzo.

Ngokuvumelana ne amanothi avela emhlanganweni we-EPA ka-Okthoba 2009, imithetho ehlongozwayo "izodidiyela kakhulu izidingo zedatha ezikhona ezisetshenziswa njengamanje," futhi izofaka imikhakha emihlanu yedatha nolwazi: ukwenziwa komkhiqizo, impilo yabantu, imiphumela engahlosiwe, ukuphela kwemvelo nokumelana ukuphathwa. I-EPA umemezele imithetho ehlongozwayo kwiRejista Yenhlangano ngo-Mashi 2011.

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know ngezicelo zamarekhodi womphakathi akhombisa ukuthi izimbangi zomfelandawonye zahlangana kanjani ukunqoba lesi siphakamiso.

Ama-imeyili akhombisa izingxoxo phakathi kukaBruce Chassy, ​​uprofesa wase-University of Illinois ngaleso sikhathi, u-Eric Sachs waseMonsanto nabanye abasebenza embonini bexoxa ngemisebenzi nangemihlangano ebandakanya uDkt Fedoroff. UChassy uzichaze kuma-imeyili (ikhasi 66) njengokuxhumana phakathi kwemboni nezifundiswa emzameni wokuphikisana nezidingo zedatha ye-EPA. Okufakwe kuma-imeyili akhe kuSachs bekukhona imibuzo yokuthi ngabe uMonsanto uthumele isheke yini e-University of Illinois Foundation ukuxhasa umsebenzi kaChassy “wokufinyelela kwe-biotechnology kanye nemisebenzi yezemfundo.” (Ngemininingwane engaphezulu ngezimali ezingadalulwanga uChassy azithola eMonsanto iminyaka njengoba ethuthukisa i-biotechnology, bheka kubika nguMonica Eng eWBEZ futhi ama-imeyili athunyelwe yiNew York Times.)

NgoJulayi 5, uDkt Chassy uthumele i-imeyili u-Eric Sachs waseMonsanto ukubika ukuthi uDkt Fedoroff uthumele i- incwadi eya ku-EPA ngaphezulu kwesiginesha yakhe esayinwe ngokubambisana ngamalungu angama-60 eNational Academy of Sciences. “UNina ulicoshe ibhola walisusa phansi enkundleni,” kubhala uChassy. Uchaze isiphakamiso se-EPA “njengokuphahlazeka kwesitimela.”

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi ngo-Agasti 19, abamele amaqembu ezokuhweba embonini babe umangele futhi wajabula (ikhasi 19) ukubona i-New York Times i-op-ed kusuka kuDkt. Fedoroff ephikisana nemithethonqubo yobunjiniyela bezakhi zofuzo; “Ngubani owenze isikhundla sikaNina?” U-Adrienne Massey we-BIO ubuze uDkt Chassy nabanye ababambisene naye embonini, Henry Miller futhi I-Val Giddings. UChassy uphendule wathi:

UMassey udlulisele uDkt Chassy incwadi i-BIO ayithumele ku-EPA “enethemba lokuthi uzokwakhela encwadini yezifundiswa futhi anqamule noma yikuphi ukuphendulwa kwe-EPA kuleyo ncwadi.” Imizamo yabo ayiphumelelanga njengoba bebethemba. Ngo-Agasti 24, UDkt Chassy ubhalele u-Eric Sachs (ikhasi 14) ukuthi uDkt. Fedoroff “uthole impendulo evela ku-EPA eyinhlamba.” Uchaze izinhlelo zokuqinisa ingcindezi.

 

NgoSepthemba, uChassy uhlele ucingo lwengqungquthela noFedoroff, u-Eric Sachs weMonsanto, u-Adrienne Massey we-BIO kanye no-lobbyist wabo uStanley Abramson, phakathi kwabanye. Ngokusho kukaChassy amanothi asocingweni, "Ukuthola indlela yokuqinisekisa ukuthi isiphakamiso se-EPA asikaze sibone ukukhanya kosuku kungaba umphumela omuhle kakhulu esingalindela wona. Okulandelayo okuhamba phambili kuzoba ukuqinisekisa ukuthi yi-DOA, kodwa uma kunesidingo kumele sizimisele ukuqhubeka nokulwa. ”

Wabuye wabelana ngenkinga yokuthi, “I-EPA ayikholwa ukuthi umphakathi wezemfundo ungaphikisana ngokuqinile nomthetho wabo ohlongozwayo; bakholelwa ukuthi bambalwa kuphela abambalwa abalandela isicelo nokuthi iningi labasayinile abazinikele kulolu daba. ” Leli qembu linqume ukuthi lidinga “ukwakha umgogodla wososayensi abaholayo empeleni abazimisele ukukhuluma futhi banikele ngesikhathi kulolu daba.”

Ngo-Okthoba, iqembu lalinethemba kakhulu. UChassy wathumela i-imeyili ngamaSachs ukubika ngomhlangano "okhiqizayo ngokumangazayo" yena noDkt. Fedoroff bahambela noSteve Bradbury we-EPA. Umhlangano wawusungulwe nguMassey kanye no-Abramson owamukela izivakashi. Isiphakamiso se-EPA sokudinga imininingwane yama-GMO PIPs asikaze sikubone ukukhanya kosuku, ngokusho kukaMichael Hansen, PhD, usosayensi omkhulu we-Consumers Union, owabamba iqhaza emihlanganweni yomphakathi nale nhlangano.

Amaketanga e-imeyili aphelele, ngokusebenzisa Umtapo Wezincwadi Wezimboni we-UCSF:

Ukubika okuhlobene 

"Ngavinjelwa engqungqutheleni yabezindaba yeNobel Laureate ngumxhumanisi we-PR noMonsanto Ties, ”NguTim Schwab, Food & Water Watch (2016)

"AbaPuppetmasters base-Academia, ”NguJonathan Latham, PhD, Independent Science News (2015)

"Eminyakeni engama-20 kamuva: iqembu le-biotech limasha, ”I-Pesticide Action Network (2012)

"Ukudla kwezobunjiniyela kukabani? ” ngu-Marcia Ishii-Eitemann, PhD, usosayensi omkhulu e-Pesticide Action Network North America (2011)

"Uxolo, NY Times: Ama-GMO namanje ngeke asindise umhlaba, ”Ngu-Anna Lappe, Grist (2011)

"Lapho ngiya khona uzwane nozakwabo wesayensi kaH. Clinton ngama-GMO, ”NguTom Philpott, Grist (2009)

"I-Diplomat Eguqulwe Ngokofuzo: Inqubomgomo Yezangaphandle yase-US i-GMO Yonke Indlela, ”NguTom Philpott, Grist (2008)

Izibopho zikaPamela Ronald's to Chemical Industry Front Groups

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Kubuyekezwe ngoJuni 2019

UPamela Ronald, PhD, uprofesa wezifo zezitshalo e-University of California, uDavis nombhali wencwadi yango-2008 ethi “Tomorrow's Table,” ungummeli owaziwayo wokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Okungaziwa kakhulu iqhaza likaDkt. Ronald ezinhlanganweni eziziveza njengabantu abazimele ngaphandle kwezimboni, kodwa empeleni basebenzisana nezinhlangano zamakhemikhali ukukhuthaza nokunxenxa ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, ezinhlelweni ezingafihli lutho emphakathini. 

Ixhumana neqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo

UPamela Ronald unobudlelwano obuningi neqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo, i IGenetic Literacy Project, kanye nomqondisi wayo omkhulu, uJon Entine. Ubasize ngezindlela eziningi. Ngokwesibonelo, imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi ngonyaka wezi-2015, UDkt. Ronald uqoke u-Entine njengomuntu ophakeme futhi ofundisa ezokuxhumana kwezesayensi e-UC Davis, futhi wabambisana ne-Genetic Literacy Project ukusingatha imboni yezolimo exhaswe ngemali umcimbi womlayezo abaqeqeshe abahlanganyeli ukuthi bangayikhangisa kanjani imikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project ichazwe ku umklomelo Okwezwe uphenyo njenge “website eyaziwayo yenkulumo-ze” eyadlala indima enkulu emkhankasweni weMonsanto wokuhlambalaza umbiko wenhlangano yocwaningo lomdlavuza yeWorld Health Organisation ngeglyphosate. Kwi Idokhumenti ka-2015 PR, IMonsanto ikhombe i-Genetic Literacy Project phakathiabalingani bemboni ” inkampani ihlele ukuzibandakanya "nokuhlela ukukhala" ngombiko womdlavuza. I-GLP kusukela lapho isishicilele izindatshana eziningi ezihlasela ososayensi bomdlavuza njenge- "anti-chemical enviros" eyaqamba amanga futhi yazibandakanya nayo inkohlakalo, ukuhlanekezela, ukufihla nokukhwabanisa.

I-Entine inezibopho zesikhathi eside embonini yamakhemikhali; umsebenzi wakhe uhlanganisa ukuvikela izibulala-zinambuzane, industrial Amakhemikhali, amapulasitiki, ukukhwabanisa, Kanye imboni kawoyela, imvamisa nge ukuhlaselwa kososayensi, izintatheli futhi izifundiswa.  Faka umkhankaso i-Genetic Literacy Project ngo-2011 lapho UMonsanto wayeyikhasimende yenkampani yakhe yezobudlelwano nomphakathi. I-GLP ekuqaleni ehlotshaniswa ne-STATS, izintatheli zeqembu elingenzi nzuzo zichaze njenge- “umkhankaso we-disinformation”Lokho imbewu ingabaza isayensi futhi “eyaziwa ngokuvikela kwayo imboni yamakhemikhali. " 

Ngo-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project yathuthela enhlanganweni entsha yabazali, i-Science Literacy Project. Ukufakwa kwentela kwe-IRS ngalowo nyaka kubonisiwe ukuthi uDkt. Ronald wayeyilungu lebhodi eyasungula i-Science Literacy Project, kodwa ama-imeyili kusuka ngo-Agasti 2018 khombisa ukuthi uDkt. Ronald uqinisekise u-Entine ukuthi asuse igama lakhe kwifomu lentela ngemuva kokuthi kwaziwe ukuthi ubhalwe lapho (ifomu elichitshiyelwe lentela selikhona manje kuyatholakala lapha). UDkt. Ronald ubhalele u-Entine, “Angizange ngisebenze kuleli bhodi futhi angizange nginike mvume yokuthi igama lami libhalwe. Ngicela uthathe izinyathelo ngokushesha ukwazisa i-IRS ukuthi igama lami lifakwe ohlwini ngaphandle kwemvume. ” U-Entine ubhale ukuthi unezinkumbulo ezihlukile. “Ngikhumbula kahle ukuthi wavuma ukuba yingxenye yebhodi futhi wahola ibhodi lokuqala… Wawunomdlandla futhi ungisekela empeleni. Akukho kungabaza engqondweni yami ukuthi uvumelane nalokhu. ” Yize kunjalo wavuma ukuzama ukususa igama lakhe embhalweni wentela.

Laba bobabili baphinde baxoxa ngefomu lentela ngoDisemba 2018 ngemuva kokuthi kuthunyelwe leli phepha. Kubhale u-Entine, “Ngikubhalile ku-original 990 ngokususelwa engxoxweni yocingo lapho uvumile ukuba khona ebhodini. Ngesikhathi ungimelela ukuthi awuvumelani nalokhu, ngicishe irekhodi njengoba ubucelile. ” Ku- enye i-imeyili ngalolo suku, ukhumbuze uDkt. Ronald ukuthi “empeleni ubuhlangene nale 'nhlangano: njengoba besisebenza ndawonye, ​​ngaphandle komzamo nangokwakhayo, ekwenzeni ikamu lamabhuzu enyuvesi yakho libe yimpumelelo enkulu.”  

Amafomu entela eSayensi Literacy Project manje abala amalungu amathathu ebhodi: Entine; UDrew Kershen, owayenguprofesa wezomthetho futhi owayesebhodini le- “Academics Review,” iqembu elalithi lizimele ngenkathi ithola izimali zayo ezinkampanini zezolimo; futhi UGeoffrey Kabat, ingcweti yezifo ezisebenza ku ibhodi labeluleki besayensi Okwe Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu lelo uthole imali evela kuMonsanto ngomsebenzi wayo wokuvikela ama-pesticides kanye nama-GMO.

Isungulwe, yahola iqembu le-UC Davis eliphakamisa imizamo ye-PR yomkhakha

UDkt Ronald wayengumqondisi osungula iWorld Food Center's Isikhungo Sokufunda Nokufunda Kwezolimo (IFAL), iqembu elasungulwa e-2014 e-UC Davis lokuqeqesha ubuhlakani kanye nabafundi ukukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, izitshalo nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Leli qembu alizivezi ngokugcwele izimali zalo.

Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald unikele UJon Entine neqembu lakhe eliphambili embonini I-Genetic Literacy Project yesikhulumi e-UC Davis, ukuqoka i-Entine njengomuntu omkhulu ongakhokhiwe we-IFAL kanye nomfundisi nomeluleki ohlelweni lokuthweswa iziqu kwezokuxhumana kwezesayensi. U-Entine akaseyena umngani e-UC Davis. Bona incwadi yethu yango-2016 eya kwiWorld Food Center ebuza ngezimali ze-Entine ne-IFAL kanye nabo incazelo engacacile mayelana nokuthi uxhaso lwabo luvelaphi.

NgoJulayi 2014, uDkt. Ronald waveza ku-imeyili asebenza naye ukuthi u-Entine wayeyi- umhlanganyeli obalulekile ongabanika iziphakamiso ezinhle zokuthi bangaxhumana nobani ukuze bathole imali eyengeziwe ngomcimbi wokuqala we-IFAL. NgoJuni 2015, i-IFAL yabamba iqhaza "Ikamu lokuqala le-Biotech Literacy Project”Nge-Genetic Literacy Project kanye ne- Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo zeqembu leMonsanto. Abahleli bathi lo mcimbi uxhaswe yimithombo yezemfundo, kahulumeni neyezimboni, kepha imithombo engeyona eyezimboni iyenqabile ukuxhasa le micimbi kanye ne kuphela umthombo wokuthola imali ongalandeleka uvela embonini, ngokusho kokubikwa kukaPaul Thacker ku-The Progressive.

Amarekhodi entela akhombisa lokho kubuyekezwa kwezifundo, okwakuthola okwayo imali evela embonini yezolimo iqembu lokuhweba, lisebenzise u- $ 162,000 engqungqutheleni yezinsuku ezintathu e-UC Davis. Inhloso yekamu ebhuthini, ngokwe-ajenda, bekuzoqeqesha nokuxhasa ososayensi, izintatheli nabaphenyi bezemfundo ukuze banxenxe umphakathi kanye nabenzi benqubomgomo ngezinzuzo zama-GMO nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Izikhulumi enkanjini yebhuthi i-UC Davis zifakiwe UJay Byrne, Owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana ezinkampanini kaMonsanto; Hank campbell yezimali ezixhaswa yiMonsanto Umkhandlu waseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo; osolwazi abanezibopho zomkhakha ezingadalulwanga ezifana USolwazi Emeritus Bruce Chassy wase-University of Illinois futhi USolwazi Kevin Folta waseYunivesithi yaseFlorida; UCami Ryan, manje osebenzela iMonsanto; UDavid Ropeik, umxhumanisi wokuqonda ngobungozi onenkampani ye-PR amaklayenti afaka iDow neBayer; kanye nabanye ababambisene nomkhakha wezolimo.

Izikhulumi eziyinhloko kwakunguDkt. Ronald, UYvette d'Entremont uSci Babe, "umxhumanisi wezesayensi" ovikela izibulala-zinambuzane neziswidi zokufakelwa ngenkathi ethatha imali ezinkampanini ezidayisa leyo mikhiqizo, noTed Nordhaus we-Breakthrough Institute. (UNordhaus naye wabalwa njengelungu lebhodi leSayensi Literacy Project kwifomu lokuqala lentela lika-2015/2016, kodwa igama lakhe lasuswa kanye noDkt. Ronald's kwifomu echitshiyelwe i-Entine efakwe ngo-2018; uNordhaus uthe akakaze asebenze ebhodini.)

Ukupheka ukuduba kukaChipotle

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald noJon Entine babambisene ekuthumeleni imiyalezo ukudicilela phansi abagxeki bokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Kwesinye isikhathi, uDkt. Ronald uphakamise ukuthi ahlele ukuduba ngokumelene nechungechunge lokudlela laseChipotle ngenxa yesinqumo salo sokunikela nokuphromotha ukudla okungewona okwe-GMO.

Ngo-Ephreli 2015, uDkt Ronald wathumela i-imeyili i-Entine futhi U-Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, owayeyisisebenzi sangaphambilini seMonsanto nochwepheshe wezokweluleka ngokubambisana e-UC Davis, ukusikisela ukuthi bathole umfundi ozobhala ngabalimi abasebenzisa izibulala-zinambuzane ezinobuthi kakhulu ukutshala ummbila ongewona owe-GMO. "Ngiphakamisa ukuthi silazise leli qiniso (uma nje sesithole imininingwane) bese sihlela ukuduba kwe-chipotle, ”Kubhala uDkt Ronald. U-Entine wayalela umlingani wakhe ukuthi abhale i-athikili ye-Genetic Literacy Project ngesihloko esithi "ukusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane kuvame ukukhuphuka" lapho abalimi beshintshela kwimodeli engeyona eye-GMO ukuhlinzeka izindawo zokudlela ezinjengeChipotle. I- esihlokweni, obhaliswe ngokuhlanganyela ngu-Entine futhi etusa ubulungu bakhe be-UC Davis, wehluleka ukufakazela leso simangalo ngedatha.

Iqembu le-biotech spin elenziwe ngokubambisana iBioFortified

UDkt. Ronald wasungula futhi wakhonza njengelungu lebhodi (2012-2015) le I-Biology Fortified, Inc. (i-Biofortified), iqembu elithuthukisa ama-GMO kanye ineqembu lesishoshovu sozakwethu lokho kuyahlela imibhikisho yokubhekana nabagxeki baseMonsanto. Abanye babaholi beBiofortified kufaka phakathi ilungu lebhodi lokusungula uDavid Tribe, isazi sezofuzo e-University of Melbourne owasungula Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo, iqembu elalizimele ngenkathi ethola izimali zezimboni, futhi esebenzisana ne-IFAL ukusingatha iBiotech Literacy Project “camp boot” e-UC Davis.

Owayelilungu lebhodi uKevin Folta (2015-2018), usosayensi wezitshalo eNyuvesi yaseFlorida isihloko sendaba yeNew York Times ebika ukuthi udukise umphakathi ngokusebenzisana kwemboni okungadalulwanga. Ama-blogger ase-Biofortified afaka uSteve Savage, owake waba khona Isisebenzi saseDuPont saphenduka umxhumanisi wemboni; UJoe Ballanger, a umxhumanisi weMonsanto; no-Andrew Kniss, one uthole imali evela kuMonsanto. Imibhalo iphakamisa ukuthi amalungu eBiofortified axhumene nge imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane emkhankasweni wokunxenxa ukuphikisa imikhawulo yezibulala-zinambuzane eHawaii.

Udlale indima ehamba phambili kumabhayisikobho e-propaganda axhaswa ngezimboni

UDkt. Ronald uveze ngokugqamile kwiFood Evolution, ifilimu eliwumbhalo mayelana nokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okuxhaswa yiqembu lezokuhweba i-Institute for Food Technologists. Inqwaba yezifundiswa zinayo wabiza inkulumo-ze yefilimu, nabantu abambalwa okwaxoxwa nabo ngefilimu ichaze inqubo ekhohlisayo yokuqopha ifilimu futhi wathi imibono yabo ikhishwe kumongo.

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2017/06/gmo-industry-propaganda-film-food-evolution/

Umeluleki womkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi obususelwa eCornell

UDkt Ronald usebhodini lokweluleka leCornell Alliance for Science, umkhankaso we-PR ozinze eCornell University okhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane usebenzisa imiyalezo yezimboni zezolimo. Ixhaswe ngokuyinhloko yiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, iCornell Alliance for Science inayo waphikisana nokusetshenziswa koMthetho Wenkululeko Yolwazi ukuphenya izikhungo zikahulumeni, udukise umphakathi ngolwazi olungaqondile nezithunywa eziphakeme ezingathembekile; bheka imibhalo ekhasini lethu lamaqiniso.

Uthola imali evela embonini yezolimo

Imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know ikhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald uthola isinxephezelo ezinkampanini zezolimo ukuze akhulume emicimbini lapho ekhuthaza khona ama-GMO kubabukeli abakhulu izinkampani ezifuna ukubathonya, njengodokotela bezokudla. Ama-imeyili asuka kuNovemba 2012 ahlinzeka ngesibonelo sendlela uDkt Ronald asebenza ngayo nezinkampani.

Umsebenzi waseMonsanto uWendy Reinhardt Kapsak, udokotela wezokudla owake wasebenzela imboni yokudla spin iqembu IFIC, wamema uRonald ukuba azokhuluma ezingqungqutheleni ezimbili ngo-2013, iFood 3000 kanye ne-Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference ne-Expo. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi laba ababili kuxoxiswane ngezimali nokuthengwa kwezincwadi futhi wavuma ukuthi uDkt. Ronald uzokhuluma eFood 3000, ingqungquthela eyayihlelwe yinkampani ye-PR uPorter Novelli uKapsak athi izofinyelela "kwabezindaba abaphezulu abangama-90 ababa nomthelela wokudla kanye nabadlondlobele." (UDkt. Ronald ukhokhe u- $ 3,000 kulo mcimbi). UKapsak ucele buyekeza amaslayidi kaDkt. Ronald bese usetha ucingo lokuxoxa ngemiyalezo. Futhi kuphaneli bekukhona umongameli uMary Chin (udokotela wezokudla okwathi ubonisana neMonsanto), kanye nabamele iBill & Melinda Gates Foundation neMonsanto, noKapsak enikeza izinkulumo zokuvula. UKapsak ubike kamuva ukuthi iphaneli lithole ukubuyekezwa okukhulu ngabahlanganyeli bethi bazokwabelana ngombono wokuthi, "Kufanele sibe ne-biotech yokusiza ukondla umhlaba. "

Ezinye izingxoxo zokuxhaswa kwezimboni zikaDkt Ronald zifake owe-2014 inkulumo eMonsanto ngoba $ 3,500 kanye namakhophi wencwadi yakhe ayi-100 yena unqabile ukuthumela ku-tweet mayelana; nokubandakanyeka kokukhuluma ngo-2013 akubhalisele IBayer AG nge $ 10,000.

Amaphepha ahoxisiwe

I-Watch Retraction ibike ukuthi, “u-2013 ubungunyaka onzima kusazi sezinto eziphilayo uPamela Ronald. Ngemuva kokuthola iprotheni ebonakala ivusa amasosha omzimba elayisi ukuvikela isifo esivamile sebhaktheriya - esikisela indlela entsha yokwakha izitshalo ezingamelana nezifo - yena nethimba lakhe kwadingeka bahoxise amaphepha amabili ngo-2013 ngemuva kokuthi bengakwazanga ukuphindaphinda abakutholile. Amacala: uhlobo lwebhaktheriya olubhalwe kabi kanye ne-assay eguquguqukayo kakhulu. Kodwa-ke, ukunakekela nokusebenza obala akubonisile kwamzuzela 'ukwenza okulungile'wavuma kithi ngaleso sikhathi. "

Bona ukumbozwa:

"Wenzani ngokuhlehlisa okubuhlungu? I-Q & A enoPamela Ronald noBenjamin Swessinger, " I-Watch Retraction (7.24.2015)

"Ngabe isithunzi sesayensi sikaPamela Ronald, ubuso bomphakathi bamaGMOs, singasindiswa?”NguJonathan Latham, Izindaba Ezizimele Zesayensi (11.12.2013)

"UPamela Ronald wenza okulungile futhi, ehoxisa iphepha leSayensi, " I-Watch Retraction (10.10.2013)

"Ukwenza okulungile: Abaphenyi bahoxisa iphepha lokuzwa ikhoramu ngemuva kwenqubo yomphakathi, " I-Watch Retraction (9.11.2013)

Izindlela ezilahlekisayo nezikhohlisayo zikaDkt Kevin Folta

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UKevin Folta, Ph.D., uprofesa kanye nosihlalo woMnyango Wezesayensi Yezolimo eNyuvesi yaseFlorida, unikeze imininingwane enganembile futhi wenza imisebenzi edukisayo emizamweni yakhe yokukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Icala lakhe lakamuva elibhekene neThe New York Times yilona lakamuva kulayini omude wezibonelo zokuxhumana kukaDkt Folta okudukisayo nokukhohlisayo.

Wamangalela i-NYT ngokubika izibopho zakhe eMonsanto; icala lichithiwe 

NgoSepthemba 1, 2017, uDkt. Folta wafaka icala elibhekene neThe New York Times no-Eric Lipton, intatheli eyanqoba kathathu ngomklomelo wePulitzer Prize, bethi bayamhlambalaza Indatshana yekhasi langaphambili lika-2015 lokho kuchaze ukuthi iMonsanto ibhalise kanjani izifundiswa eziphikisana nokubhalwa kokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo.

Icala likaDkt Folta lachithwa ngoFebhuwari 27, 2019. Ijaji likahulumeni lavumela ukuthi abamangalelwa bafake isicelo isahlulelo sokugcina sokufingqa.

Imibhalo yecala:
Isikhalazo esichitshiyelwe (10 / 5 / 2017)
NYT ukunyakaza (10 / 19 / 2017)
Ijaji likahulumeni waphika iziphakamiso zikaDkt Folta zokuphoqelela ukutholakala, ukubiza ezinye zalezi zicelo ngokuthi "ziwubuphukuphuku impela" futhi "ziyahlekisa" (5/11/2018)
NYT futhi Eric Lipton isiphakamiso sesifinyezo sokugcina (7 / 25 / 18)
Kuchitshiyelwe uDkt Folta ukuphikisana nesiphakamiso sokwahlulela okufingqiwe (8 / 16 / 18)
I-oda lokunikezwa kwesicelo sabamangalelwa sokuthi isahlulelo sokugcina sokufingqa (2 / 27 / 19)
UDkt Folta wathuthela ku lichithe icala futhi lachithwa (4 / 9 / 2019)

Icala likaDkt. Folta lathi abamangalelwa “babemchaza kabi njengomuntu okhokhelwa ngokufihliwe njengenye yezinkampani ezinkulu nezinempikiswano enkulu eMelika, iMonsanto,” nokuthi bakwenza lokho ukuze “baqhubekisele phambili uhlelo lwabo 'lwe-GMO'." Ngokusho kwecala likaDkt. Folta, uLipton “ucishe wazithulisa yedwa umphakathi wesayensi ekufundiseni ososayensi indlela yokukhulumisana.”

Icala lathi uDkt Folta “akakaze asithole” “isibonelelo esingavinjelwe” esivela eMonsanto nokuthi “akakaze athole noma yiluphi uhlobo lwesibonelelo, futhi akakaze athole ukwesekwa kokuthi 'ahambele izwe lonke futhi avikele ukudla okushintshwe izakhi zofuzo.'” Nokho , imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto inikeze uDkt Folta, emazwini abo, "Isibonelelo esingavinjelwe esilinganiselwa ku- $ 25,000 esingasetshenziswa ngokubona kwakho ukusekela ucwaningo lwakho namaphrojekthi wokufinyelela."

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uMonsanto unikele ngemali ephendula a Isiphakamiso samakhasi ayi-9 kuDkt. Folta, lapho acela khona uMonsanto amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-25,000 ukuze axhase “isixazululo sakhe esinezitezi ezintathu” 'enkingeni yokuxhumana nge-biotech.' Imisebenzi ehlongozwayo ibandakanya ukuhamba inyanga nenyanga iye eyunivesithi enkulu yasekhaya ukuyokwazisa ngama-GMO. Le mali yanikelwa ebhange lokudla ngemuva kokuthi amadokhumende esewonke emphakathini.

Isibonelo sikaFolta exoxa / evikela umkhiqizo womkhakha (iMonsanto's Roundup)

Icala likaDkt Folta libuye lathi (iphuzu 67), “UDkt. UFolta akakhulumi nganoma iyiphi imikhiqizo yomkhakha, ufundisa kabanzi ngobuchwepheshe. ” Kodwa-ke ufakazele ukuphepha okucatshangwa ukuthi yi-Monsanto's RoundUp, waze wafika ekuphuzeni lo mkhiqizo "ukukhombisa ukungabi nabungozi." Unakho uthe futhi "uzophinda futhi."

Phakathi ku Septhemba 29, 2015 imeyili, UJanine Sikes, Iphini Likamongameli Womsizi Wezindaba Zomphakathi e-University of Florida, ubhalele uzakwabo ngendaba kaLipton ye-NYT: “ngerekhodi ebengicabanga ukuthi le ndaba ilungile.”

Izingcaphuno ezivela empendulweni ye-NYT no-Eric Lipton ecaleni likaFolta, kusuka ngoJulayi 2018 isiphakamiso sesifinyezo sokugcina:

UMnu Lipton uthembele ekuxhumaneni noMmangali nge-imeyili, okunikezwe yena yi-UF ukuphendula isicelo samarekhodi womphakathi. Yize kungenzeka ukuthi uMmangali, usosayensi ozichazayo “osesidlangalaleni”, angavele angafuni ukuthi izinhlangano zakhe nezimboni ezinkulu njengeMonsanto zihlolwe, ukubika okunembile ngamarekhodi abhala lezo zinhlangano ngeke kube yisisekelo secala lokwehliswa isithunzi. (Ikhasi 1)

Phakathi kokunye, amarekhodi e-UF (kaFolta) abhalwe: imikhiqizo yezimboni; (1) Ukufakaza kommangali phambi kwezinhlangano zikahulumeni ngokuvumelana nezinqubomgomo ezisekela i-GMO; (25,000) Ukusebenzisana kommangali nezimboni, kufaka phakathi ukuxhumana okuningi kwe-imeyili nabamele imboni behlinzeka ngemicabango yakhe mayelana neqhinga lokunxenxa nokuchaza imizamo yakhe yokuxhumana nesayensi ye-GMO emphakathini; (2) okuthunyelwe kwakhe kweGMOAnswers, iwebhusayithi exhaswa yimboni; kanye (3) nezindleko zokuhamba ezikhokhelwa imboni, kufaka phakathi izindleko ezihlobene nohambo lwakhe lokuya endlunkulu yeMonsanto. (Ikhasi 4)

Akumangalelwanga ukuhlangana neMonsanto ngenkathi isebenzisana neMonsanto  

UDkt Folta washo kaninginingi ukuthi wayengaxhumananga neMonsanto. Nokho ama-imeyili abikiwe yiThe New York Times yasungula ukuthi wayexhumana njalo noMonsanto kanye nobudlelwano babo nobudlelwano bomphakathi ukusebenzisana emisebenzini yokukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo.

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto nababambisene nabo basungule amathuba emidiya kanye nemisebenzi yokunxenxa uDkt Folta futhi basebenza naye ekuthumeleni imiyalezo. Ngo-Agasti 2014, uMonsanto wazisa uDkt Folta ukuthi uzothola ama- $ 25,000 ukuqhuba imisebenzi yakhe yokukhangisa. Ukuhwebelana kwe-imeyili kusikisela ukusebenzisana okusondele:

  • NgoJulayi 2014, Isikhulu seMonsanto sancoma isiphakamiso sikaDkt Folta sesibonelelo futhi sacela abanye abaphathi abane beMonsanto ukuthi banikeze impendulo ukuze bayithuthukise. Ubhale wathi, “Lokhu kuhle kakhulu 3rd-party ndlela yokwakha ukumela esibheke ukukuthuthukisa. ”
  • Ngo-Agasti 2014, UDkt. Folta uphendule incwadi yokwamukelwa kwesibonelelo sakhe, "Ngiyabonga ngaleli thuba futhi ngithembisa ukubuya okuqinile kutshalomali."
  • Ngo-Okthoba 2014, UDkt. Folta wabhalela isikhulu seMonsanto, “Ngiyajabula ukusayina noma yini oyithandayo, noma ukubhala noma yini oyithandayo.”

Ngemuva nje kwamasonto kwenziwe imininingwane yesibonelelo, ngo-Agasti 2014, uDkt Folta wagomela ukuthiakukho ukuxhumana okusemthethweni siye eMonsanto. ” Ubuye wathi yena akazange athole “ucwaningo noma uxhaso lomuntu siqu”Kusuka ku-“ Big Ag, ”yayine-“azikho izibopho zezezimali kunoma yiziphi izinkampani ze-Big Ag ezenza izitshalo ezishintshayo, kufaka phakathi iMonsanto, "futhi"lutho ukwenza INYANGA. ”

Uxhaso lweBayer

Ukuvuselelwa kwe-9/18: UDkt Folta inkontileka nenkampani yabameli iClifford Chance emele iBayer AG ukukhonza umxhumanisi ekulalelweni kokulamula ngesilinganiso sama- $ 600 ngehora kuze kufinyelele emahoreni ayi-120. Leyo mibhalo zenziwe zaziwa ngu IBiofortified, Inc., iqembu lokwenyusa le-GMO lelo ithe inqamule ubudlelwano noDkt Folta ngokwehluleka kwakhe ukudalula ngokugcwele ukungqubuzana okungaba khona kwenzalo.

Ukuvuselelwa kwe-11/17: UDkt Folta wathola futhi kudalulwe ukwamukelwa izimali zocwaningo ezivela kwaBayer AG (okusemkhankasweni wokuthola iMonsanto). Ngokuya nge- idokhumende itholakele yi-US Right to Know nge-FOIA, uBayer wathumela incwadi yomklomelo kuDkt Folta ngoMeyi 23, 2017 ngomxhaso wama-Euro angama-50,000 58,000 (cishe amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-XNUMX), ngesiphakamiso sakhe mayelana ne “New Herbicide Chemistries Discovered in Functional Randomness.”

Okuhlongozwayo ukufihla imali yeMonsanto ekuhlolweni komphakathi

"Imali engiyisebenzisayo isobala," kusho uDkt. Folta wabhala kubhulogi yakhe, kepha eyakhe isiphakamiso seMonsanto ukuxhasa imisebenzi yakhe yokuphromotha ye-GMO ephethwe ngesigaba eseluleka iMonsanto ukuthi inganikela kanjani ngemali ukugwema ukudalulwa komphakathi:

“Uma ixhaswe ngqo kulolu hlelo njengomnikelo we-SHARE (okuyimali eyisisekelo engavinjelwe) ayikho ngaphansi kwe-IDC futhi ayikho kwi-akhawunti 'yezinxushunxushu'. Ngamanye amagama, iminikelo yokwabelana ayaziwa emphakathini. Lokhu kuqeda ukukhathazeka okungenzeka kwenhlangano exhasayo ethonya umyalezo. ”

IMonsanto ithumele umnikelo wama- $ 25,000 njenge- imali engavinjelwe kaDkt Folta.

Wavumela inkampani ye-PR yemboni ukuthi imbhalele i-ghost, wayiphika

Indaba ka-Agasti 2015 ku Ngaphakathi ne-Higher Ed uchaze izinsolo zokuthi inkampani ye-PR yezimboni zezolimo, uKetchum, unikeze uDkt Folta "izimpendulo ezisemathinini emibuzweni mayelana nama-GMO" ebudlelwaneni bomphakathi wemboni yezolimo iwebhusayithi, Izimpendulo ze-GMO.

UDkt Folta uphikile ukuthi usebenzisa umbhalo obhaliwe, ngokusho kwendaba:

"Mayelana nezimpendulo ezisemathinini, uthe 'wacasuka' ngesikhathi ezithola futhi akazange azisebenzise.”

UDkt Folta kamuva wavuma ukuthi usebenzisa umbhalo obhaliwe. I- I-New York Times ibike ngo-Septhemba 2015:

“Kodwa uKetchum wenze okungaphezulu kokunikeza imibuzo (yezimpendulo zeGMO). Izikhathi eziningana, yanikeza noDkt. Folta izimpendulo ezibhaliwe, wabe esesebenzisa amazwi nezwi, okuyisinyathelo manje athi kwaba yiphutha. ”

Ngo-Okthoba 2015 Indaba yeBuzzFeed, UDkt. Folta usithethelele isinqumo sakhe sokusebenzisa umbhalo kaKetchum obhalwe njengesipoki:

"Banginikeza izimpendulo ezinhle ngokwedlulele ezazibonakala," kusho uFolta kimi. “Ngigcwele umsebenzi. Mhlawumbe beyivila, kepha angazi ukuthi ibivila. Uma othile ethi, 'Sikucabangile ngalokhu futhi nakhu esinakho' - kunabantu abasebenza ezifundweni ezinababhali bezinkulumo abathatha amagama abanye abantu bawaveze njengawabo. Kulungile."

Kuthunyelwe imininingwane engamanga mayelana nokuxhaswa kwemali embonini yezibulala-zinambuzane e-University of Florida

Ngo-Okthoba 2014, uDkt Folta wabhala imininingwane enganembile ngemali yakhe eyunivesithi ngezimpendulo ze-GMO. Lapho bebuzwa, “Izinkampani ze-biotech zinikele malini eMnyangweni Wezesayensi Yezolimo, eNyuvesi yaseFlorida?” UDkt Folta uphendule wathi:

“Kuneminikelo engu-zero. ' Okungenani phakathi neminyaka emihlanu edlule (konke engikubhekile), azikho ngisho izibonelelo noma izivumelwano zocwaningo phakathi koMnyango Wezesayensi Yezolimo eUF kanye nanoma iyiphi inkampani ethengisa imbewu ye-biotech…

Eminyakeni emihlanu edlule, e iyunivesithi yonke, kwakukhona inani lama- $ 21,000 kwizibonelelo zikaMonsanto kwilungu elilodwa le-faculty ku-panhandle elifunda ukhula. Yilokho eyunivesithi yonke. Amarekhodi ethu asesidlangalaleni, ngakho-ke noma ngubani ubengaluthola lolu lwazi. ”

Eqinisweni, izinkampani ze-biotech zinikele ngaphezu kwe- $ 12 million ku-University of Florida ngonyaka wezimali u-2013/2014 kuphela, ngokusho kwemibhalo ye-University of Florida Foundation ithunyelwe ngu-NYT. IMonsanto yafakwa ohlwini njengomnikeli we "Gold" ngalowo nyaka, okusho ukuthi inkampani yanikela okungenani ama- $ 1 million. USyngenta ubengumnikeli “weDayimane” nge- “Cumulative Giving of $ 10 Million +” kanti iBASF inikele okungenani ngama- $ 1 million kwathi iPioneer Hi-Bred yanikela okungenani ama- $ 100,000.

IYunivesithi yaseFlorida 'inesimo' kuma-GMO 'esivumelana' neMonsanto, kanti uDkt Folta uphethe ukuyikhuthaza  

Abaholi baseNyuvesi yaseFlorida bakholelwa ukuthi kuyindima eyunivesithi ukufundisa uquqaba ngama-GMO futhi babelana “ngokuma” noMonsanto, ngokusho kwe-imeyili etholwe uphenyo lwe-US Right to Know.

UDavid Clark, uprofesa we-horticultural biotechnology & genetics kanye nomqondisi we-University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Plant Innovation Program (UF / IFAS), wabhalela isikhulu seMonsanto uRobb Fraley ngoJulayi 21, 2014:

“Bengicabanga ukuthi inkulumo yakho ibihle kakhulu futhi ifike ngesikhathi kakhulu emphakathini wethu, futhi iyahambisana nesimo esisithatha kumaGMO eNyuvesi yaseFlorida. Futhi, ngiyabonga ngokuthatha imizuzu embalwa ukuxoxa nami ngemuva kwalokho mayelana nokuthi kufanele ngabe sifundisa kanjani ama-80% wabathengi abazi kancane kakhulu ngobuchwepheshe.

Ngemva kokubuyela eGainesville, ngaxhumana noDkt. UKevin Folta noJack Payne mayelana nengxoxo yethu. UKevin ungumkhulumeli wethu oholayo e-UF esihlokweni se-GMO futhi uthathe icala lokwenza lokho esikhulume ngakho - ukufundisa uquqaba. UJack uyi-VP yethu enkulu ye-IFAS, futhi ngesonto eledlule ukhiphe ividiyo ekhombisa ukuthi iUF / IFAS imi kuphi ngodaba lwe-GMO: http://www.floridatrend.com/article/17361/jack-payne-of-uf-on-gmos-and-climate-change Bobabili bazimisele kakhulu ngalolu daba, futhi ngokubambisana baqinisa imizamo yabo yokusabalalisa igama elihle. ”

Kule vidiyo, uDkt. Payne uthi, “asikho isayensi esivumelana nalaba bantu abesaba ama-GMO.” Eqinisweni, ososayensi nezifundo eziningi baye bakwenza ukuphakamisa ukukhathazeka mayelana nama-GMO.

Ibambisene namaqembu angaphambi kokungathembeki emicimbini yemijikelezo ye-Biotech Literacy exhaswa ngezimali e-UF nase-UC Davis

A Ingqungquthela kaJuni 2014 ukukhuthaza ama-GMO abizwa nge- “Ikamu Le-Boot Biotech Literacy Project”Ikhokhiswe njengobambiswano phakathi kweYunivesithi yaseFlorida, i Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, amaqembu amabili angaphambili asebenza neMonsanto ukukhuthaza imikhiqizo yezimboni zezolimo nokuhlasela abagxeki bezimboni. Lawo maqembu womabili atshele ososayensi nezintatheli - ngokunganembile - ukuthi imicimbi ixhaswe yinhlanganisela kahulumeni, izifundiswa kanye nezimboni.

Ngo-2015, intatheli uBrooke Borel kubika kuSayensi Edumile:

“Ingqungquthela okukhulunywa ngayo yabizwa ngeBiotech Literacy Project Boot Camp. Ngamenywa ukuba ngibe khona futhi ngizokhuluma kwamanye amaphaneli, yize bekungakacaci ekuqaleni ukuthi lokho kuzobandakanya ini. Nganikezwa isizumbulu sama- $ 2,000, kanye nezindleko. Ngabhala ngabuza ukuthi ngubani ozohlinzeka ngalesi sikhundla futhi ngatshelwa ukuthi kuzohlanganiswa imali evela ku-UC Davis, i-USDA, imali yombuso kanye neBiotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO). ”

Phakathi ku 2016 imeyili kososayensi, uBruce Chassy we-Academics Review wathi imboni "ibingumxhasi ongaqondile" weBiotech Literacy Project Boot Camps:

“I-bootcamp yezinsuku ezintathu ibiza kakhulu ngoba sikhokhela wonke umuntu indawo yokulala nezindawo zokuhlala kanye ne-honaria. Ababambe iqhaza bathole ama- $ 3 nabethuli okungafika ku- $ 250 (izintatheli azibizi)… Ngidinga ukucacisa ngaphambili ukuthi ukwesekwa kwethu kuvela ku-BIO, USDA, state-USAID kanye nemali eyisisekelo, ngakho-ke imboni ayixhasi ngokungaqondile. Siphumele obala ngo-2,500% mayelana noxhaso. ”

Kodwa-ke, labo hulumeni kanye nemithombo yezemfundo bakuphikile ukuthi banikela ngezimali kwiBiotech Literacy Project Boot Camps, ngokusho kombiko kaPaul Thacker I-Progressive. UThacker wabhala, “okuwukuphela komthombo wemali olandelanayo imboni ye-biotech.”

Kokubili i-Academics Review and Genetic Literacy Project inomlando wokudukisa umphakathi ngezimali zawo nangemisebenzi yabo yokuvikela imboni yezolimo.

  • Ukubuyekezwa kwe-Academics kuye kwabanga kaningi njengeqembu elizimele, kepha ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know embule ukuthi i-Academics Review yamiswa njengeqembu eliphambili ngosizo lweMonsanto, ngenkathi "igcina iMonsanto ngemuva ukuze ingalimazi ukwethembeka kolwazi."
  • Inothi elithi "Ukusobala ngokwezezimali" kwiwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project lithi ezinganembile, izinguquko kaningi futhi kwesinye isikhathi iziphikisile. Umqondisi we-GLP uJon Entine une ubuhlobo obuningi obuseduze neMonsanto.

UDkt Folta uphinde wahlela lokho akubiza ngokuthi “usuku lwe-biotechnology literacy kanye nezokuxhumana”Ukukhuthaza ama-GMO eNyuvesi yaseFlorida ngo-2015. Izipikha zifaka osolwazi be-UF, isisebenzi saseMonsanto uVance Crowe, abamele amaqembu amabili ahambelana nomkhakha wezolimo (i Isikhungo Sobuqotho Bokudla futhi Kwenziwe kabusha), Futhi UTamar Haspel, umlobeli wephephabhuku lokudla weWashington Post.

UDkt Folta uchaze izinhlelo zakhe ku Isiphakamiso wasithumela eMonsanto efuna ukuxhaswa ngezimali emicimbini ayichaze “njengesixazululo senkinga yezokuxhumana nge-biotech” esivela “ekulawuleni umbono womphakathi” kanye “nokuqinisa kwabo imizamo yokufaka ilebula yokudla ngokungadingekile.” Kuma-imeyili wathumela eHaspel, UDkt. Folta uthe izethameli zomcimbi "we-biotechnology literacy" kuzoba "ososayensi, odokotela kanye nabanye ochwepheshe okudingeka bafunde ukukhuluma nomphakathi."

Uchaze ukunyakaza kokudla "njengeqembu labashokobezi"

UDkt Folta ubhalele phambili incwadi yango-2015 ebizwa ngokuthi “Fear Babe: Shattering Vani Hari's Glass House.” Umphambili uchaza ukunyakaza kokudla njengeqembu lamaphekula, uFolta aqamba igama elithi “Al Quesadilla”:

“U-Al Quesadilla ungumbonisi oqokelwe eqenjini lamaphekula lanamhlanje eliphakeme futhi elixhaswe ngezimali elifungile ukusebenzisa ukwesaba ukuphoqa izinguquko kwezepolitiki ezungeze ukudla. I-Al Quesadilla inomsebenzi ophakathi nendawo - ukuphoqelela izinkolelo zabo mayelana nokudla nokukhiqizwa kokudla emphakathini obanzi. Izinkolelo zabo ngokwemvelo zenkolo. Zisuka enhliziyweni ngokujulile futhi zangaphakathi. Izinkolelo zabo zisekelwe ekuchazelweni kahle kwemvelo, ukungathembi amasiko ezinkampani nokungabaza isayensi yanamuhla…

I-Al Quesadilla yiqembu lamaphekula eligugile nelinyonyobayo. Njengabo bonke amaphekula, bafeza izinhloso zabo ngokusebenzisa ukwesaba nokuphoqelela. Bahlela iziteleka ngokucophelela emigomeni esengozini - abathengi baseMelika… ”

Incwadi, eshicilelwe ngu ISenapath Press, yabhalwa nguMark Alsip, i-blogger ye-Bad Science Debunked, uMarc Draco, "ilunga elingumakadebona" ​​ekhasini le-Facebook Livinjelwe yi-Food Babe, noKavin Senapathy, ongumnikeli weForbes owayenezindatshana zakhe eziningana isuswe yiForbes.

Incwadi ikhuthaza ama-GMO, ibanga i-MSG kanye i-aspartame “azinabungozi” futhi zithi zichaza “amaqiniso abangela ukwesatshiswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane.”

Inkulumo-ze ye-pesticide

UDkt Folta ukuchitha ukukhathazeka ngokuvezwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane ngezimangalo ze-propaganda, hhayi isayensi. Isibonelo, wenza futhi wehluleka ukulungisa isivakashi sakhe ngezitatimende eziningi ezesabekayo mayelana nokuphepha kwezibulala-zinambuzane kulo 2015 i-podcast interview no-Yvette d'Entremont, i- “SciBabe.” UFolta uthi:

  • Uma othile ekhathazekile ngokuchayeka kwezibulala-zinambuzane, “mbuze ukuthi unazo yini izimpawu zobuthi bezibulala-zinambuzane. Ngaphandle kokuthi babe nezimpawu zobuthi bezibulala-zinambuzane, cishe akukho okumele ukhathazeke ngakho. ”
  • "Ingozi yakho kunoma yiluphi uhlobo, ikakhulukazi, ukuchayeka kwezibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni kungenzeka ukuthi iphakathi nendawo ngokuphindwe izikhathi eziyizi-10,000 XNUMX nesigidi kunengozi yemoto."

Amaqhinga okuxhumana akhohlisayo

Esinye isibonelo sokuxhumana okulahlekisayo okuhlobene noDkt Folta sibhalwe ku-2015 Indaba yeBuzzFeed nguBrooke Borel. Indaba ilandisa ngokutholwa kukaBorel ukuthi uDkt Folta wasebenzisa umazisi ongamanga ukuxoxa nososayensi kanye naye uqobo kwi-podcast ebizwa nge- "The Vern Blazek Science Power Hour."

Ukuqhubeka nokufunda:

New York Times, "I-Food Industry Yabhalisa Izifundiswa ku-GMO Lobbying War, Ama-imeyili Show," ngu-Eric Lipton (9/6/2015)

Ama-imeyili athunyelwe ngu I-New York Times

I-Progressive, "Flacking for GMOs: How the Biotech Industry Plantts Positive Media," nguPaul Thacker (7/21/2017)

Huffington Post, "Uthando Olungapheli lukaKeith Kloor ngama-GMO," nguPaul Thacker (7/19/2017)

Izindaba Zomhlaba Wonke, "Imibhalo Idalula I-Canadian Teenager Target ye-GMO Lobby," ngu-Allison Vuchnich (12/22/2015)

Imvelo Biotechnology, "Ukumela Ukubonakala," nguStacy Malkan (1/2016)

Umama uJones, "Lawa ma-imeyili akhombisa uMonsanto encike koSolwazi ekulweni impi ye-GMO," nguTom Philpott (10/2/2015)

I-BuzzFeed, "Imbewu Money: Ukuvuma kweGMO Defender," nguBrooke Borel (10/19/2015)

USRTK Umbiko Omfushane, "Izintatheli zehlulekile ukudalula uxhaso lwemithombo ezivela eMonsanto"

Izindaba Ezizimele Zesayensi, "AbaPuppetmasters base-Academia (noma Lokho okususwe yi-NYT)," nguJonathan Latham (9/8/2015)

USRTK incwadi eya kuDkt Folta mayelana nezicelo zethu ze-FOIA

UDrew Kershen: I-Agrichemical Industry Front Group Ringleader

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UDrew Kershen, uprofesa osaziwayo e-University of Oklahoma College of Law, ungumngane osondelene nomkhakha wezolimo. Uyaphikisana ukuhlukunyezwa zezitshalo nezilwane ezenziwe ngobunjiniyela kanye ngokumelene nokusobala. UKershen ubambe iqhaza elibalulekile emizamweni yokukhangisa exhaswa ngezimali embonini kanye namaqembu angaphambili alwela izintshisekelo zemboni. UKershen akayivezi imithombo yezimali.

Isibopho semboni yezolimo nobuholi beqembu langaphambili

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project / Science Literacy Project

UKershen uyi ilungu lebhodi yeGenetic Literacy Project, iqembu eliphambili elibambisana neMonsanto ukwenza ubudlelwano bomphakathi ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, futhi hhayi ukudalula ngokunembile ukuxhaswa kwayo. Imibhalo iveze ukuthi i-Genetic Literacy Project:

UKershen futhi uyilungu lebhodi le- Iphrojekthi Yezesayensi Yokufunda, i-501 (c) (3) inhlangano yabazali ye-Genetic Literacy Project. Zombili ziqondiswa ngu UJon Entine, umlingani wesikhathi eside we-PR wemboni yamakhemikhali.

Ngokuvumelana ne Amarekhodi wentela ka-2015, UJon Entine kanye ne-Science Literacy Project bathathe izintambo zokulawula iStatistical Assessment Service (STATS), iqembu ebelikade lisebenzisana neCentre for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA) kanye Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project. Ukusebenza kwe-STATS kufakwe ku-Sense About Science USA, okuyi wabelana ngekheli elifanayo lerekhodi ngeProjekthi YeSayensi Yokufunda Nokubhala.

Abasunguli be-STATS, i-CMPA kanye ne-Sense About Science benze ubudlelwano bomphakathi basebenzela imboni kagwayi futhi la maqembu awawona amajaji azimele wesayensi, ngokusho kwe-2016 uphenyo kuThe Intercept.

Ngeminye imininingwane, bheka ama-USRTK emashidi eqiniso UJon Entine kanye neProjekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo futhi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi / IZITATIMENDE.

UNobhala Wezifundo Zokubuyekeza Iqembu Langaphambili

UKershen wayengunobhala webhodi labaqondisi be-Academics Review, ngokusho kwalo Amarekhodi wentela ka-2016. Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo bathi kwakuyiqembu elizimele, kodwa imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know wembule ukuthi kwakuyiqembu langaphambili kusethwe ngosizo lweMonsanto ukuhlasela abagxeki bemboni yezolimo ngenkathi bebonakala bezimele.

UKershen wayengu- umbuyekezi ngombiko wango-2014 we-Academics Review owazama ukudicilela phansi imboni yezinto eziphilayo; i isitatimende sephephandaba ngombiko wathi kwakuwumsebenzi wezifundiswa ezizimele ngaphandle kokuphikisana kwezintshisekelo.

Amarekhodi entela akhombisa ukuthi umxhasi oyinhloko we-Academics Review kwakuyi-Council for Biotechnology Information, inhlangano engenzi nzuzo exhaswa futhi ephethwe yi-BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont, Monsanto neSyngenta. I-CBI inikeze isamba esingu- $ 600,000 ku-Academics Review ku 2014 futhi 2015-2016.

Kungani iForbes Isuse Ezinye Izindatshana ZaseKershen

IKershen babhala ngokuhlanganyela izindatshana eziningana ezisuswe yiForbes neProjusa Syndicate ngemuva kombhali wakhe, UHenry Miller, wabanjwa usebenzisa ikholomu ebhalwe ghost ngu-Monsanto njengomsebenzi wakhe eForbes. I- New York Times wembula ihlazo lokubhala ngezipoki ngo-2017.

UKershen noMiller nabo babhalele ndawonye izindatshana ze- Slate, Buyekeza National, lo Isikhungo seHoover futhi Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (imboni exhaswa ngemali iqembu langaphambili) bephikisana nokufakwa amalebula nokulawulwa kokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, ukuhlasela abagxeki bezimboni, nokubanga ukuthi "abampofu emhlabeni bahlupheka futhi bafa ngokungadingekile" ngenxa "yomthetho ongenazidingo ofunwa yizishoshovu."

Izimpendulo ze-GMO

UKershen uyi “Uchwepheshe wenxusa” Izimpendulo ze-GMO, a ukumaketha kanye newebhusayithi ye-PR ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okuyi uxhaswe yizinkampani ezinkulu zezolimo nge-Council for Biotechnology Information, futhi ephethwe yi inkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi uKetchum.

Ungenele Ekubambeni Ngokusobala Icala Lokuvimbela Ukudalulwa Komphakathi

Imibhalo eminingana ebikwe kuleli qiniso, eveze obudlelwano obungadalulwanga phakathi kwezinhlangano namaqembu angaphambili, yaqala ukutholwa ngezicelo zeFreedom of Information ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi. UKershen ungenelele ezinkantolo ezama ukumisa ukudalulwa okuqhubekayo, njengeFreedom of the Press Foundation kubika ngoFebhuwari 2018.

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngamaqembu angaphambili embonini yezokudla, bheka i- Ikhasi lokuphenya le-USRTK.