Imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane eyinhloko iqembu le-PR liyavalwa; Izimpendulo zeGMO zidlulela kuCropLife

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

I-Council for Biotechnology Information (CBI), okuyisinyathelo esikhulu sobudlelwano bomphakathi esethulwe eminyakeni engamashumi amabili edlule ngokuhola izinkampani zezolimo ukunxenxa umphakathi ukuthi wamukele ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, sekuvalile. Okhulumela i-imeyili ukuqinisekisile nge-imeyili ukuthi i-CBI "ichithakele ekupheleni kuka-2019, nezimpahla zayo, kubalwa nenkundla yezimpendulo i-GMO, zidluliselwe eCrocLife International yaseBelgium."

Ukudalulwa kwangaphambilini kusuka ku-GMOAnswers.com

I-CBI isaqhubeka nokukhuthaza ukubukwa komkhakha namaqembu angaphambili nge ikhasi layo le-Facebook, Its iphrojekthi ye-flagship Izimpendulo ze-GMO, umkhankaso wokumaketha owandisa amazwi ezifundiswa ukukhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, manje uthi uxhaso lwawo luvela kwaCropLife, iqembu lokuhweba lamazwe omhlaba lezinkampani zokubulala izinambuzane.

GMOAnswers.com iwebhusayithi manje iyachaza, "Kusukela ngo-2020, iGMO Answers wuhlelo lweCropLife International." Le webhusayithi iphinde ibhale umlando waleli qembu “njengomkhankaso owenziwe yi-The Council for Biotechnology Information, onamalungu ayo abandakanya iBASF, Bayer, Dow AgroSciences, iDuPont, iMonsanto Company neSyngenta.”

Bona iphepha lethu lamaqiniso elisha ngemininingwane eminingi ngemisebenzi ye- Umkhandlu Wezokwazisa nge-Biotechnology kanye nezimpendulo ze-GMO

"Ukuqeqesha abakhulumela abantu besithathu"

I-CBI ichithe imali engaphezu kwezigidi ezingama- $ 28 emizamweni yayo yokuvikela umkhiqizo kusuka ku-2014-2019, ngokusho kwamarekhodi entela. (Amafomu entela neminye imibhalo esekelayo ithunyelwe lapha.)

Amafomu entela aqhakambisa indima ebaluleke kakhulu engabahlanganyeli “bomuntu wesithathu” - ikakhulukazi izifundiswa, odokotela bokudla kanye nabalimi - abadlala imizamo yokuvikela imikhiqizo yezinkampani ezinkulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni zezibulala-zinambuzane nembewu. Into yomugqa kuma-CBI's Ifomu lentela lika-2015 ngezigidi eziyi-1.4 zamaRandi ezichithwe eNyakatho Melika kuyaphawulwa: “ICanada igxile ekuqeqesheni abantu abakhuluma nabo (abalimi, izifundiswa, odokotela bokudla) ukufundisa abezindaba nomphakathi ngezinzuzo ze-ag biotech.” EMexico, ifomu lentela liphawula ukuthi, i-CBI "ibibambe ukuqeqeshwa kwabezindaba nezingqungquthela zabafundi, abalimi, kanye nezifundiswa" futhi "ibambisene namaqembu abalimi, izifundiswa, kanye nohlu lokudla ukuqinisa ukwamukelwa" kwama-GMO. I-CBI futhi "idale izingxoxo zenqubomgomo zomthethoama-ators. ”

Izindleko ezinkulu ze-CBI, ezingaphezu kwezigidi eziyi-14 zamaRandi kusukela ngo-2013, zazenzelwe Inkampani yakwaKetchum yomphakathi ukwenza i-GMO Answers, ekhuthaza amazwi nokuqukethwe kochwepheshe "abazimele", iningi labo elinobudlelwano nomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane. Yize izimpendulo zeGMO ziveza uxhaso lwezimboni zalo, imisebenzi ibe ngaphansi kokusobala.

Amanye amaqembu axhaswe yi-CBI afaka i-Global Farmer's Network kanye Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, inhlangano engenzi nzuzo ehlele uchungechunge lwe “Amakamu ebhuthi” emanyuvesi aphezulu ukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukukhuthaza nokunxenxa ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane.

I-CBI nayo ikhiqize incwadi yezingane yokufaka imibala nomsebenzi ukugqugquzela imibono yezimboni kwi-biotechnology. I- isixhumanisi sencwadi, kanye newebhusayithi ye-WhyBiotech.com eyenziwe yi-CBI, manje eqondisa kabusha eqenjini lokuhweba labakhiqizi nabasabalalisi bama-cannabinoids asuselwa ku-hemp.

I-Backstory: Ukwakha umbono womphakathi ngama-GMO

The I-backstory ye-CBI yachazwa ngo-2001 ngumhlaziyi wemboni yezobudlelwano bomphakathi uPaul Holmes, umsunguli we-PRovoke (phambilini owaba yiHolmes Report): Ngo-1999, izinkampani eziyisikhombisa ezihamba phambili zokubulala izinambuzane kanye namaqembu azo ezohwebo “zahlangana njengomfelandawonye futhi zakha uhlelo lolwazi lomphakathi oluholwa umkhakha” "Kwakha umbono womphakathi kanye nokwakhiwa kwenqubomgomo yomphakathi nge-biotechnology yokudla." I-CBI "izokwakha ubuhlobo phakathi kwento yonke yokudla"… ukugxila ekukhuthazeni izinzuzo ze-biotechnology yokudla, ”kubika uHolmes.

“Umkhankaso ungaphikisana nokugxekwa kokuthi ukudla kwe-biotech bekungaphephile, ngokugcizelela ukuhlolwa okubanzi kokudla kwe-biotech,” futhi “kuzohlelwa ukuze kuphendulwe imibuzo nokukhathazeka okuvela emphakathini futhi kuphendulwe ulwazi olungelona iqiniso kanye 'nokwethusa amaqhinga' ngabaphikisi be-biotechnology , ”Kuphawula uHolmes. Uchaze ukuthi imininingwane izotholwa ngumphakathi "hhayi kuphela ngemboni ye-biotechnology, kodwa ngemithombo ehlukahlukene yezemfundo, isayensi, uhulumeni kanye nemithombo ezimele, evela eceleni."

Ukuvela kweminyaka emibili kwe-CBI nakho kugcizelela ukuhlanganiswa kwamandla embonini yezibulala-zinambuzane / i-GMO. Isungula amalungu e-CBI ayekhona I-BASF, iDow Chemical, iDuPont, iMonsanto, iNovartis, imikhiqizo yeZeneca Ag, i-Aventis CropScience, i-American Crop Protection Association (manje eyiCropLife) ne-BIO.

Lezi zinkampani eziyisikhombisa selokhu zahlanganiswa zaba ezine: I-Aventis neMonsanto zamuncwa Bayer; IDow Chemical neDuPont baba yiDow / DuPont futhi baqala imisebenzi yebhizinisi lezolimo ukuze ICorteva Agriscience; INovartis neZenica (ezahlanganiswa kamuva ne-Astra) zahlangana ndawonye ngaphansi kwesibhengezo se- Syngenta (okwathi kamuva yaphinde yathola iChemChina); ngenkathi BASF kutholakale okuphawulekayo izimpahla ezivela eBayer.

Olunye ulwazi

Ishidi lamaqiniso le-CBI

Ishidi lamaqiniso lempendulo le-GMO

Ishidi lamaqiniso lokubuyekezwa kwezifundo

Amashidi amaningi weqiniso avela e-US Right to Know: Ukulandelela inethiwekhi yenkulumo-ze yomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane

I-US Right to Know iyiqembu labaphenyi elingenzi nzuzo elenza uphenyo oluqhakazile ukuveza ukuthi izintshisekelo ezinamandla zokudla nezimboni zamakhemikhali zikuthinta kanjani ukudla esikudlayo nokondla izingane zethu. 

Umkhandlu Wezokwaziswa Kwe-Biotechnology, Izimpendulo ze-GMO, iCropLife: izinhlelo zemboni yokubulala izinambuzane PR 

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

I-Council for Biotechnology Information (CBI) bekungumkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi owasungulwa ngo-Ephreli 2000 yizinkampani eziyisikhombisa ezihamba phambili zamakhemikhali / imbewu kanye namaqembu abo ezohwebo ukunxenxa umphakathi ukuthi wamukele ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Lesi sinyathelo senziwe ngokuphendula ukukhathazeka komphakathi mayelana nezingozi zezempilo nezemvelo zokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, futhi uthe kuzogxilwa kuyo ukwenza imifelandawonye kulo lonke uchungechunge lokudla ukukhuthaza izitshalo ze-GMO (“ag biotech”) njengenzuzo.

I-CBI ivalile isitolo e2019 futhi yahambisa izimpahla zayo - kufaka phakathi umkhankaso wokumaketha Izimpendulo ze-GMO, eziqhutshwa yinkampani yakwaKetchum PR - ngaphesheya kweCropLife International, iqembu lokuhweba lamazwe omhlaba lezinkampani zokubulala izinambuzane.

Bheka: Iqembu eliyinhloko lezinkulumo-ze zomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane I-CBI iyavala; Izimpendulo zeGMO zidlulela kuCropLifeI-USRTK (2020)

Ifomu lentela le-CBI: ligxile kubantu besithathu

I-CBI isebenzise ngaphezulu kwe- $ 28 million kusuka ku-2014-2019, ngokusho kwamarekhodi wentela (bona 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018) kumaphrojekthi akhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Njengoba kuphawulwe kwifomu lentela ka-2015, I-CBI ibigxile ngokusobala ekuthuthukiseni nasekuqeqesheni abakhulumeli benkampani yangaphandle - ikakhulukazi izifundiswa, abalimi kanye nochwepheshe bezokudla - ukukhuthaza imibono yezimboni ngezinzuzo zama-GMO.

Amaphrojekthi axhaswe yi-CBI afaka izimpendulo ze-GMO (ngefemu yezobudlelwano bomphakathi neKetchum); Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo, iqembu elalithi alizimele ngemboni; Izinkambu zeBiotech Literacy Project ezinkampanini ezibanjelwe emanyuvesi aphezulu (nge-Academics Review) kanye neGlobal Farmer Network.

Izimpendulo ze-GMO / Ketchum

Izimpendulo ze-GMO yi- iwebhusayithi yezokumaketha kanye nomkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi esebenzisa amazwi ezifundiswa nabanye ukukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. I-CBI isebenzise amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-14.4 enkampanini yezobudlelwano bomphakathi neKetchum phakathi kuka-2014-2019 ukuqhuba i-PR salvo, ngokusho kwamafomu entela.

Izimpendulo zeGMO ziveza uxhaso lwazo lomkhakha kwiwebhusayithi yayo futhi ithi ithuthukisa imibono yochwepheshe abazimele. Kodwa-ke, izibonelo zivele ukuthi uKetchum PR wabhala ezinye zezimpendulo ze-GMO ezinikezwa "ochwepheshe abazimele" (bheka izindaba ku New York Times futhi Forbes). Izimpendulo zeGMO zivela nasemibhalweni kaMonsanto PR njengabalingani emizameni yomkhakha yokwenza vikela ama-herbicides asuselwa ku-glyphosate kusuka ekukhathazekeni komdlavuza, naku zama ukudicilela phansi ucwaningo lwezintshisekelo zomphakathi uphenyo olwenziwe yi-US Right to Know ukuthola ubudlelwano obufihliwe phakathi kwezinkampani zokubulala izinambuzane kanye nezifundiswa ezithuthukisa imikhiqizo yezolimo.

Isibonelo sendlela izimpendulo zeGMO ezakha ngayo ithonya ngezintatheli ezibalulekile, bheka kubika eHuffington Post mayelana nokuthi uKetchum ubuhlobo obulinyiwe nomlobi wephephandaba waseWashington Post uTamar Haspel. UHaspel wayeyi umgqugquzeli wokuqala we-GMO Answers, futhi kamuva wabamba iqhaza kwi-CBI exhaswa ngemali Iphrojekthi Ye-Biotech Literacy imicimbi yemiyalezo. A ukubuyekezwa komthombo kwamakholomu kaHaspel aqhutshwa yi-USRTK uthole izibonelo eziningana zemithombo engaziwa yomkhakha nolwazi oludukisayo kuma-athikili akhe mayelana nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Izimpendulo zeGMO zamukelwa njengomzamo ophumelelayo we-spin ngo-2014 lapho wawunjalo kufakwe ohlwini lomklomelo wokukhangisa we-CLIO esigabeni se- "Public Relations: Crisis Management & Issue Management." Kwividiyo ekhiqizelwe lo mklomelo, uKetchum uziqhayisa ngokuthi i-GMO Answers "icishe yaphindeka kabili ukusakazwa kwabezindaba ngama-GMO," futhi wathi "bayayiqapha ngokusobala ingxoxo" ku-Twitter lapho "balinganise ngempumelelo ukusebenzisana okungu-80% nabaphikisi." Le vidiyo isuswe ngemuva kokuthi i-US Right to Know iyinakile, kepha thina uyigcine lapha.

Ukubika okuhlobene:

Monsanto idokhumenti ekhishwe ngo-2019

Ngenkathi i-USRTK ifaka ama-FOIAs ukuthi aphenye ubudlelwane bemboni nezifundiswa, IMonsanto yazilwela.

Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa

I-CBI inikeze ngemali engama- $ 650,000 ku- Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, engenzi-nzuzo ethi ikutholile ayikho imali yezinkampani. Leli qembu lasungulwa ngokubambisana nguBruce Chassy, ​​PhD, uprofesa osuka e-University of Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign, noDavid Tribe, PhD, umfundisi omkhulu e-University of Melbourne.

Kwasethwa imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know eveze ukubukezwa kwezifundo ngokusobala njengeqembu langaphambili ngosizo lwabaphathi beMonsanto kanye nomqondisi wangaphambili wezokuxhumana wenkampani UJay Byrne. Leli qembu lixoxe ngokusebenzisa i-Academics Review njengemoto yokuhlambalaza abagxeki bama-GMO kanye nezolimo, ukuthola iminikelo yenkampani nokufihla iminwe kaMonsanto.

Ukubika okuhlobene: Izigxivizo zeminwe zeMonsanto Zithole Konke Ukuhlaselwa Kwe-Organic Food, nguStacy Malkan, Huffington Post (2017)

Iphrojekthi ye-Biotech Literacy Project yenza imicimbi

I-CBI ichithe imali engaphezulu kwama- $ 300,000 kokukabili “Izinkambu zeBiotech Literacy Project”Eyayibanjelwe e-University of Florida ngo-2014 nase-University of California, eDavis ngo-2015, ngokusho kwamarekhodi entela. Le mali ihanjiswe nge-Academics Review, ebihlele izingqungquthela kanye ne- Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, elinye iqembu elisiza iMonsanto ngamaphrojekthi we-PR ngenkathi ithi izimele.

Izinsuku ezintathu imicimbi yekamu ebhuthini eqeqeshiwe abafundi, ososayensi kanye nezintatheli ezindleleni zokuxhumana nezokunxenxa ukukhuthaza nokuvikela ama-GMO nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, futhi babe nezinhloso ezicacile zezepolitiki zokunqanda ukufakwa kwelebuli le-GMO e-US

Ukubika okuhlobene:  Ukugcwala kwama-GMO: Indlela imboni ye-biotech eyihlakulela ngayo imithombo yezindaba eyakhayo - futhi ikukhuthaze ukugxekwa, NguPaul Thacker, The Progressive (2017)

Amaqembu kaMonsanto 'abalingani' avikela i-Roundup

Yize i-GMO Answers, Academics Review kanye ne-Genetic Literacy Project zonke zathi zazimele ngaphandle kwethonya lemboni, womathathu la maqembu avela Imibhalo ye-Monsanto PR “njengabalingani bemboni” inkampani yenze imizamo yayo yokwenza vikela ama-herbicides asuselwa ku-glyphosate asuselwa ekukhathazekeni komdlavuza.

Idokhumenti yeMonsanto PR ixoxa ngezinhlelo zokuvikela i-Roundup ekukhathazekeni ngomdlavuza

Incwadi yokubala yezingane

I-CBI nayo ikhiqize incwadi yezingane yokufaka imibala nomsebenzi ukukhuthaza ama-GMO. I- isixhumanisi sencwadi, kanye newebhusayithi ye-WhyBiotech.com eyenziwe yi-CBI, manje eqondisa kabusha eqenjini lokuhweba labakhiqizi nabasabalalisi bama-cannabinoid asuselwa ku-hemp.

Okuhlobene nathi US Right to know posts

Izimpendulo ze-GMO iyithuluzi le-PR lokulawulwa kwezinkinga ze-GMO kanye ne-pesticides (kubuyekezwe ngo-2020)

Iqembu eliyinhloko lezinkulumo-ze zomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane I-CBI iyavala; Izimpendulo zeGMO zidlulela kuCropLife (2020)

Umkhankaso weMonsanto wokulwa ne-US Right to Know (2019)

IMonsanto ithembele kulaba 'abalingani' bayohlasela ososayensi abaphezulu bomdlavuza (2019)

Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa: Ukwenziwa Kweqembu Langaphambili LeMonsanto (2018)

Iphrojekthi kaJon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Izithunywa ze-PR zeMonsanto, iBayer kanye neMboni Yamakhemikhali (2018)

UTamar Haspel ubadukisa kanjani abafundi beWashington Post futhi ukubuyekeza umthombo wamakholomu we-Haspel wezibulala-zinambuzane (2018)

Inkampani yaseRussia eyayiyi-PR uKetchum uqhuba imboni yamakhemikhali i-PR salvo kwi-GMO (2015)

Izimpendulo zeGMO ngumkhankaso wokumaketha nowokuxhumana nomphakathi wezinkampani ezibulala izinambuzane

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Izibuyekezo:

kuphendula u-ketchum gmo

Izimpendulo ze-GMO ikhokhiswa njengesithangami lapho abathengi bangathola khona izimpendulo eziqondile kochwepheshe abazimele ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, kanti ezinye izintatheli zikuthatha ngokungathi sína njengomthombo ongachemile. Kepha iwebhusayithi iyithuluzi lokumaketha lezimboni eliqonde ngqo ukuhambisa ama-GMO ngendlela efanele.

Ubufakazi bokuthi Izimpendulo ze-GMO iyithuluzi lepropaganda elilawula ukubhekana nezinkinga elingenakwethenjelwa.

Izimpendulo zeGMO zenziwa njengemoto yokuhambisa umbono womphakathi ngokuthanda ama-GMO. Ngokushesha ngemuva kokuba iMonsanto kanye nabalingani bayo behlule isinyathelo sokuvota sika-2012 sokuqamba ama-GMO eCalifornia, eMonsanto umemezele izinhlelo ukwethula umkhankaso omusha wobudlelwano nomphakathi wokwakha kabusha idumela lama-GMO. Baqashe inkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi iFleishmanHillard (ephethwe ngu-Omnicom) ukuthola i umkhankaso wabayisikhombisa.

Njengengxenye yomzamo, inkampani ye-PR iKetchum (nayo ephethwe ngu-Omnicom) yaqashwa yi-Council for Biotechnology Information - ixhaswe iMonsanto, BASF, Bayer, Dow, Dupont neSyngenta - ukudala i-GMOAnswers.com. Isayithi lithembise uku susa ukudideka futhi ususe ukungathembani mayelana nama-GMO asebenzisa amazwi angahleliwe okuthiwa “ochwepheshe abazimele.”

Kepha bazimele kangakanani labo ngoti?

Iwebhusayithi igawula amaphuzu okuxoxa aqanjwe ngokucophelela axoxa indaba enhle ngama-GMO ngenkathi edlala phansi noma engazinaki izingozi zezempilo nezemvelo. Isibonelo, lapho ubuzwa ukuthi ngabe ama-GMO aqhuba ukusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane, leli sayithi linikeza u-convoluted no, ngaphandle kwemininingwane ebuyekezwe ngontanga ekhombisa ukuthi, yebo, empeleni, kunjalo.

Izitshalo ze- "Roundup Ready" ze-GMO zikhulise ukusetshenziswa kwe-glyphosate, a mhlawumbe umdlavuza womuntu, by amakhulu ezigidi zamaphawundi. Uhlelo olusha lwe-GMO / pesticide olubandakanya i-dicamba seluholele ekubhujisweni kwe izitshalo zesoya phesheya kwe-US, kanye ne-FDA ibamba iqhaza kulo nyaka ukusetshenziswa kathathu ka-2,4-D, i-herbicide endala enobuthi, ngenxa yezitshalo ezintsha ze-GMO ezenzelwe ukumelana nayo. Konke lokhu akuyona into okufanele ukhathazeke ngayo, ngokusho kwe-GMO Answers.

Imibuzo ephathelene nokuphepha iphendulwa ngezitatimende ezingamanga ezifana nokuthi "zonke izinhlangano zezempilo ezihola phambili emhlabeni zisekela ukuphepha kwama-GMO." Asitholanga kukhulunywa ngesitatimende esisayinwe ososayensi, odokotela kanye nezifundiswa ezingama-300 abathi kukhona “akukho ukuvumelana kwesayensi ngokuphepha kwe-GMO,”Futhi asizitholanga izimpendulo zemibuzo esiyithumele ngalesi sitatimende.

Izibonelo zivele lokho I-Ketchum PR ibhale ezinye izimpendulo ze-GMO lawo asayinwa “ochwepheshe abazimele.”

Uhlu olufushane lomklomelo we-PR wokulawulwa kwezinkinga

Njengobunye ubufakazi isiza siyimoto ye-spin: Ngo-2014, Izimpendulo ze-GMO kwaba njalo kufakwe ohlwini lomklomelo wokukhangisa we-CLIO esigabeni se- "Public Relations: Crisis Management & Issue Management."

Futhi inkampani ye-PR edale izimpendulo ze-GMO yazishaya isifuba ngethonya layo kwizintatheli. Ku-video efakwe kwi-website ye-CLIO, uKetchum uzishaye isifuba ngokuthi i-GMO Answers “icishe yakuphinda kabili ukusakazwa kwabezindaba ngama-GMO.” Le vidiyo isuswe ngemuva kokuthi i-US Right to Know iyinakile, kepha thina uyigcine lapha.

Kungani izintatheli zingayethemba imoto yokumaketha eyakhiwe nguKetchum njengomthombo othembekile kunzima ukuyiqonda. Ketchum, okwaze kwaba yi-2016 PR ngokuqinile eRussia, kufakiwe ku imizamo yobunhloli ngokumelene nokungenzi inzuzo ukhathazekile ngama-GMO. Awusiwona umlando ozibandakanya ekuqedeni ukungathembani.

Njengoba kunikezwe ukuthi Izimpendulo ze-GMO iyithuluzi lokumaketha elenziwe futhi lixhaswe yizinkampani ezidayisa ama-GMO, sicabanga ukuthi kungumdlalo ofanele ukubuza ukuthi: Ngabe “ochwepheshe abazimele” ababoleka ukwethembeka kuwebhusayithi - abaningi babo abasebenzela amanyuvesi kahulumeni futhi abakhokhelwa ngabakhokhi bentela - ozimele ngokweqiniso futhi osebenzela umphakathi? Noma basebenza ngokubambisana nezinkampani kanye namafemu obudlelwano bomphakathi ukusiza ukuthengisa umphakathi indaba ye-spin?

Ekufuneni lezi zimpendulo, i-US Right to Know ifake izicelo ze-Freedom of Information Act Ukufuna ukuxhumana kosolwazi abaxhaswa ngemali ababhalela iGMOAnswers.com noma basebenze kweminye imizamo yokukhuthaza i-GMO. Ama-FOIA yizicelo ezincanyana ezingafaki imininingwane yomuntu siqu noma yezifundo, kepha kunalokho funa ukuqonda ukuxhumana okukhona phakathi kosolwazi, izinkampani zezolimo ezithengisa ama-GMO, izinhlangano zazo zezohwebo kanye nama-PR kanye namafemu okusiza aqashelwe ukukhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nokulwa nokufakwa amalebula ngakho-ke sigcinwa ebumnyameni ngalokho esikudlayo.

Landela imiphumela ye- Uphenyo lwase-US Right to Know lapha.

Bona wethu I-Pesticide Industry Propaganda Tracker ukuthola eminye imininingwane mayelana nabadlali ababalulekile emikhakheni yamakhemikhali emizamweni yokuxhumana nomphakathi.

Ungasiza ukwandisa uphenyo lweLungelo Lokwazi ngo wenza umnikelo ongadonswa ngentela namuhla

Imibhalo Eyimfihlo Idalula Impi kaMonsanto Ngososayensi Bomdlavuza

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

NguStacy Malkan (kubuyekezwe ngoMeyi 17, 2019)

UDeWayne Johnson, ubaba oneminyaka engama-46 obulawa yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, waba ngumuntu wokuqala ukubhekana IMonsanto ecaleni ngoJuni odlule ngenxa yezinsolo inkampani yafihla ubufakazi ngezingozi ezibangelwa umdlavuza ze-Roundup weedkiller yayo. Amajaji aselokhu abuya nawo ezintathu ngazwi linye izinqumo ukuthola ukuthi i-glyphosate-based Roundup herbicides iyimbangela enkulu yomdlavuza, futhi yalinganisa umonakalo omkhulu wokujeziswa kweBayer (manje esingeyaseMonsanto). Izinkulungwane eziningi zabantu zimangalele izinkantolo zombuso nezikahulumeni, kanye nemibhalo yezinkampani ephuma ezivivinyweni ikhanya kakhulu kumaqhinga anzima iMonsanto esetshenziselwa ukuphika ingozi yomdlavuza nokuvikela ikhemikhali elaliyi lynchpin yenzuzo yayo.

“IMonsanto kwakungumbhali waso wesipoki ngokubuyekezwa kokuphepha, ”kubika iBloomberg, kanye nesikhulu se-EPA kubikwa ukuthi wasiza uMonsanto “Bulala” ucwaningo lomdlavuza lwenye i-ejensi (lokho kuphuma, manje kuphelile qinisekisa isixhumanisi somdlavuza ku-glyphosate). An uphenyo olwawina imiklomelo eLe Monde Imininingwane yokuthi uMonsanto uzame kanjani “ukubhubhisa i-ejensi yomdlavuza yeZizwe Ezihlangene nganoma iyiphi indlela” ukusindisa i-glyphosate. Izindatshana zeJenali ezisuselwa ekubukezweni kombiko wemibhalo yokutholwa kwesilingo seRoundup ukuphazamiseka kwebhizinisi encwadini yesayensi kanye nenhlangano elawula umthetho, nezinye iziboneloukufaka ubuthi emthonjeni wesayensi. "

“Ukubhalwa kwesipoki kukaMonsanto nokuqinisa izikhali kusongela isayensi yomsindo nomphakathi, "Kubhala uSolwazi waseTufts University uSheldon Krimsky ngoJuni 2018. Uthe imibhalo etholakele," yembula ukuthunjwa kwesayensi okuyinkampani, okubeka impilo yomphakathi kanye nesisekelo sentando yeningi engcupheni. "

Kusukela lapho, njengoba sekuqhubeka izivivinyo, sekuvele eminye imibhalo mayelana ne ubukhulu bokukhohlisa kukaMonsanto kwenqubo yesayensi, izinhlaka zokulawula, nezimpikiswano zomphakathi. NgoMeyi 2019, izintatheli eFrance uthole imfihlo "Ifayela leMonsanto" eyenziwe yinkampani yezobudlelwano bomphakathi iFleishmanHillard ibala "inqwaba yolwazi" cishe izintatheli ezingama-200, osopolitiki, ososayensi nabanye ababonakala bengaba nomthelela empikiswaneni ye-glyphosate eFrance. Abashushisi eFrance bavule uphenyo lobugebengu futhi IBayer ithe iphenya inkampani yayo i-PR.

Le mpi yenkampani yesayensi inomthelela omkhulu kithi sonke, uma kubhekwa ukuthi uhhafu wabo bonke abesilisa e-US kanye nowesithathu kwabesifazane bazotholakala benomdlavuza esikhathini esithile sokuphila kwethu, ngokusho kwe I-National Cancer Institute.

Imibhalo imboni yokudla ayifuni ukuthi uyibone

Sekuyiminyaka, izimboni zokudla nezamakhemikhali zibheke ngqo kokuhlosiwe okukodwa emhlabeni wesayensi: i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), iqembu elizimele locwaningo elisebenze iminyaka engama-50 khomba izingozi zomdlavuza ukwazisa izinqubomgomo ezingavimbela umdlavuza.

“Kade ngilwa i-IARC unomphela !!! :) ”omunye usosayensi owayenguKraft Foods wabhalela owayengusosayensi waseSyngenta ku-imeyili itholwe ngesicelo samarekhodi esivulekile sombuso. “Ukudla ne-ag sekuvinjezelwe kusukela eGlyphosate ngoMashi 2015. Sonke kudingeka sihlangane ngandlela-thile siveze i-IARC, njengoba nina nenze ephepheni. Izinto eziza kuqala kakhulu yizo zonke izithako zokudla: i-aspartame, i-sucralose, i-iron yokudla, i-B-carotene, i-BPA, njll. I-IARC iyasibulala! ”

Isazi se-IARC isinqumo sephaneli ukuhlukanisa i-glyphosate ngokuthi “mhlawumbe ibanga umdlavuza kubantu” kudale indawo yokuhlangana yezitha zephaneli ukuqoqa amabutho. Umbhalo osemqoka weMonsanto okhishwe ngamacala wecala wembula uhlelo lokuhlaselwa: ihlazisa ososayensi abanomdlavuza ngosizo lwabalingani embonini yezokudla.

Uhlelo lukaMonsanto lokuxhumana nomphakathi unikeze abasebenzi abangu-20 bezinkampani ukulungiselela umbiko we-IARC we-carcinogenicity on glyphosate, ngezinhloso ezibandakanya "ukunciphisa umthelela," "ukubeka umbono womphakathi nge-IARC," "ukufinyelela komlawuli," "ukuqinisekisa i-MON POV" kanye "nokubandakanya izinhlangano zezimboni" "ekuthukutheleni. ”

Lo mbhalo ukhombe izigaba ezine "zabalingani bemboni" ukusiza ukuqhubekisela phambili izinhloso ezintathu ezishiwo ohlelweni lwe-PR: ukuvikela isithunzi se-Roundup, ukuvimbela izimangalo zomdlavuza "ezingenasisekelo" ekubeni umbono ovamile, kanye "nokuhlinzeka ngezembozo ezinhlanganweni ezilawulayo" ukuqhubeka nokuvumela ukusetshenziswa kwe-glyphosate.

Ukuthola inethiwekhi kaMonsanto "yabalingani bemboni"

The amaqembu abalingani bemboni uMonsanto uthephiwe ukwehlisa isithunzi ososayensi be-IARC babandakanya izinhlangano ezinkulu zokubulala izinambuzane kanye nezimboni zokudla; amaqembu e-spin axhaswa ngezimboni aziveza njengemithombo ezimele efana Izimpendulo ze-GMO futhi Umkhandlu Wemininingwane Yomhlaba Wokudla; futhi "isayensi-y" kuzwakala amaqembu angaphambili afana Umuzwa weSayensi, lo Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa - konke kusetshenziswa imilayezo efanayo futhi kuvame ukubhekiswa komunye nomunye njengemithombo.

Amadokhumenti atholiwe yi-US Right kuya Yazi uphenyo khanyisa ukuthi la maqembu abalingani asebenzisana kanjani ukukhuthaza i- "MON POV" mayelana nokuphepha kanye nesidingo semithi yokubulala izinambuzane kanye nama-GMO.

Iqoqo elilodwa lemibhalo lembula ukuthi izinkampani zikaMonsanto ze-PR zahlela kanjani “Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo” njengenkundla ezwakala ingathathi hlangothi lapho ingaqala khona ukuhlaselwa uhlu lwezitha, kufaka phakathi iSierra Club, umbhali uMichael Pollan, i-movie ethi Food, Inc. kanye ne- imboni yemvelo.

Abakhi bokubukeza kwezifundo - ababambisene nabo UBruce Chassy futhi UDavid Tribe, Isikhulu seMonsanto u-Eric Sachs, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana eMonsanto uJay Byrne, Futhi owayeyi-VP weqembu lokuhweba lomkhakha we-biotech iVal Giddings - wakhuluma obala in ama-imeyili maqondana nokusungula ukubuyekeza kwe-Academics njengeqembu eliphambili lokukhuthaza izintshisekelo zemboni nokuheha imali yemboni, ngenkathi kugcinwa izigxivizo zeminwe zenkampani zifihliwe.

I-imeyili evela ku-Eric Sachs, iMonsanto'sScience, Technology & Outreach Lead, iya kuBruce Chassy

Ngisho namanje ngebhuku labo lokudlala lidaluliwe - kanye nelabo imali eyisisekelo ikhonjisiwe njengoba ivela eqenjini lezentengiselwano elixhaswe ngabakwaMonsanto, iBayer, iBASF, iSyngenta neDowDuPont - i-Academics Review isafuna lokho iwebhusayithi ukwamukela iminikelo evela “emithonjeni okungeyona eyezinkampani” Ukubuyekezwa kwe-Academics kubuye kuthiwe "Ukubuyekezwa komdlavuza we-IARC glyphosate kwehluleka ezingxenyeni eziningi," ku okuthunyelwe itholwe yiwebhusayithi ye-PR exhaswa yimboni Izimpendulo ze-GMO, iqembu eliphambili elixhaswe yimboni Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, kanye nendatshana yeForbes ngu Henry Miller lokho kwabhalwa isipoki nguMonsanto.

UMiller nabahleli be-Academics Review Chassy, ​​Tribe, Byrne, Sachs and Giddings are amalungu e-AgBioChatter, isithangami se-imeyili sangasese esivele ohlelweni lweMonsanto lwe-PR njengomlingani womkhakha wesi-2. Ama-imeyili avela kuhlu lwe-AgBioChatter ziphakamisa ukuthi yayisetshenziselwa ukuxhumanisa ababambisene nabo embonini emisebenzini yokunxenxa neyokuphromotha ukuvikela ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane. Amalungu afaka abasebenzi abaphezulu embonini yezolimo, abeluleki be-PR kanye nezifundiswa ezixhasa umkhakha, iningi labo elibhalela izinkundla zezindaba zomkhakha ezifana Izimpendulo ze-GMO futhi Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, noma badlale izindima zobuholi kwamanye amaqembu abalingani beMonsanto.

I-Genetic Literacy Project, eholwa ngumkhakha osebenza isikhathi eside wamakhemikhali i-PR UJon Entine, futhi ibambisene ne-Academics Review ukwenza uchungechunge lwezingqungquthela ezixhaswe imboni yezolimo ukuqeqesha izintatheli nososayensi ukuthi ukukhuthaza kangcono ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides baphikisane nokwehliswa kwabo emthethweni. Abahleli bebekhona abangathembeki ngemithombo yezimali zabo.

Lawa maqembu aziphonsa njengabaxazululi abathembekile besayensi njengoba besabalalisa imininingwane engamanga nezinga eliseduze nokuhlaselwa okushubile kwabososayensi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngengozi yomdlavuza ye-glyphosate.

Isibonelo esisemqoka singatholakala kuwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project, ebibhalwe ukuthi “yi-tier 2 industry partner” ohlelweni lukaMonsanto lwe-PR lokuvikela i-Roundup ekulweni nokukhathazeka komdlavuza okuvezwe yi-International Agency for Research on Cancer. Ukuseshwa kwe- "IARC" kuwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project kuveza izindatshana ezingaphezu kwama-200, eziningi zazo ezihlasela ososayensi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza ngokuthi "ama-anti-chemical enviros" "aqamba amanga" futhi "enza uzungu lokumelela kabi" izingozi zempilo glyphosate, futhi bephikisana nokuthi i-ejensi yomdlavuza yomhlaba wonke kufanele ibuyiselwe imali futhi iqedwe.

Izindatshana eziningi ezilwa ne-IARC ezifakwe ku-Genetic Literacy Project, noma eziqhutshwa abanye abasebenza embonini, ziyishaya indiva imibiko eminingi yezindaba ngokususelwa Amaphepha eMonsanto ukubhala ukungenelela kwezinkampani ocwaningweni lwesayensi, futhi esikhundleni salokho kuthuthukiswe izimangalo zezimboni zamakhemikhali ze-PR noma ze- izindaba ezingamanga a intatheli enobudlelwano obuhle noMonsanto. Impi yezepolitiki yokulwa ifinyelele yonke indlela eya eCapitol Hill, namaRiphabhulikhi e-DRM aholwa ngu Ummeli uLamar Smith efuna kuphenywe nokuzama uku ukugodla imali yase-US kusuka kunhlangano ehamba phambili yocwaningo lomdlavuza.

Ngubani ohlangothini lwesayensi?

Ukunxenxa nokuthumela imiyalezo kukaMonsanto ukudicilela phansi iphaneli yomdlavuza we-IARC kusekelwe empikiswaneni yokuthi ezinye izinhlaka ezisebenzisa ukuhlolwa okususelwa engcupheni zikhiphe i-glyphosate engcupheni yomdlavuza. Kepha njengoba imibiko yophenyo futhi iphephandaba izihloko ngokusekelwe ku Amaphepha eMonsanto bunemininingwane eminingi, ubufakazi bufaka ukuthi ukuhlolwa kokulawulwa kwezinhlekelele ku-glyphosate, okuthembele kakhulu ocwaningweni olunikezwa yimboni, kuyekethiswa ngokungadalulwanga ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo, ukuthembela kusayensi engabazisayo, izinto ezibhalwe ghost nezinye izindlela zokuqinisa izikhali ezinkampanini ezibeka impilo yomphakathi engcupheni, njengoProfesa waseTufts USheldon Krimsky wabhala.

“Ukuvikela ibhizinisi lesayensi, enye yezinsika zomphakathi wentando yeningi wanamuhla, ekulweni namandla angalenza isisebenzi sezimboni noma ezepolitiki, umphakathi wethu kumele usekele izikhubekiso phakathi kwesayensi yezemfundo kanye nemikhakha yezinkampani futhi ufundise ososayensi abasha futhi abahleli bephephabhuku ngemigomo yokuziphatha esezingeni lomsebenzi wabo, ”kubhala uKrimsky.

Abenzi benqubomgomo akumele bavumele isayensi ebumbene nenkampani ukuqondisa izinqumo mayelana nokuvinjelwa umdlavuza. Abezindaba kumele benze umbiko ongcono womsebenzi futhi babheke izingxabano zentshisekelo ngemuva kwesayensi yenkampani. Isikhathi sokuqeda impi yenkampani yesayensi yomdlavuza.

UStacy Malkan ungomunye wabaphathi beqembu labathengi I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi nombhali wencwadi ethi “Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry.”

AbakwaReuters babika ukuthi okutholwe yi-IARC 'okuhleliwe ngaphandle' kuyindaba engamanga

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Izibuyekezo: Imibhalo emisha yeMonsanto idalula ukuxhumana okuhle kuMlobi weReuters, I-Roundup Trial Tracker (Ephreli 25, 2019)
I-IARC iyazenqaba izimangalo ezingamanga ku-Reuters athikili, isitatimende se-International Agency for Research on Cancer (Okthoba 24, 2017)

Usuku lokuqala lokuthunyelwe: Okthoba 20, 2017

Eqhubeka naye irekhodi lokubika okuchema nemboni mayelana ne-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), intatheli yeReuters uKate Kelland uphinde wahlasela i-ejensi yomdlavuza ngomhlaka-19 Okthoba 2017 indaba bethi ososayensi bahlele idokhumenti esalungiswa ngaphambi kokukhipha ukuhlolwa kwabo kokugcina okuhlukanisa i-glyphosate njenge- kungenzeka i-carcinogen yomuntu. I-American Chemistry Council, iqembu lezokuhweba embonini yamakhemikhali, yakhipha ngokushesha i- isitatimende sephephandaba bencoma indaba kaKelland, ethi "ilulaza iziphetho ze-IARC mayelana ne-glyphosate" futhi inxusa abenzi benqubomgomo ukuthi "bathathele i-IARC izinyathelo ngokukhwabanisa kwedatha ngamabomu."

Indaba kaKelland icaphune isikhulu esiphezulu seMonsanto esithi “amalungu e-IARC asebenzise kabi futhi ahlanekezela imininingwane yesayensi” kodwa ahlulekile ukusho inani elibalulekile lobufakazi obuvele Imibhalo kaMonsanto uqobo ngokutholwa kwenkantolo okukhombisa izindlela eziningi inkampani esebenze ngazo ukuphatha nokuhlanekezela idatha ku-glyphosate emashumini eminyaka.

Indaba futhi yehlulekile ukusho ukuthi ucwaningo oluningi olwehlisiwe yi-Monsanto ekhokhelwe umsebenzi eyayingenayo imininingwane eyanele yokuhlangabezana namazinga we-IARC. Futhi yize uKelland ecaphuna ucwaningo lwegundane lwango-1983 kanye negundwane lapho i-IARC yehluleke khona ukuvumelana nabaphenyi bokuqala, yehlulekile ukudalula ukuthi lezi kwakuyizifundo ezazikhokhelwa iMonsanto. Uhlulekile nokusho imininingwane ebucayi yokuthi ocwaningweni lwamagundane ngo-1983, ngisho negatsha le-EPA le-toxicology akazange avumelane nabaphenyi bakaMonsanto ngoba ubufakazi be-carcinogenicity babunamandla kakhulu, ngokusho kwemibhalo ye-EPA. Bathe kumamemos amaningi ukuthi impikiswano kaMonsanto ibingamukeleki futhi iyasola, futhi banqume ukuthi i-glyphosate ibe yi-carcinogen.

Ngokushiya la maqiniso abalulekile, nangokuhlanekezela amanye cishe ngaphakathi, uKelland ubhale enye indatshana esebenza uMonsanto kahle, kepha ulahlekise umphakathi kanye nabenzi bezinqubomgomo abathembele kuzindawo zezindaba ezithembekile ukuthola imininingwane eyiyo. Okuwukuphela kwephuzu elikhuthazayo elizothathwa endabeni kaKelland ukuthi kulokhu uvumile ukuthi iMonsanto imnikeze imininingwane.

Izindaba ezihlobene nemibhalo:

I-Reuters vs. I-UN Cancer Agency: Ingabe Izibopho Zebhizinisi Zithonya Ukutholakala Kwesayensi?

NguStacy Malkan

Kusukela lapho ihlukanisiwe i-herbicide esetshenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni njenge “mhlawumbe ebanga umdlavuza kubantu,” iqembu lososayensi bamazwe eqenjini lokucwaninga ngomdlavuza le-World Health Organisation belingaphansi ukuhlaselwa okubunayo ngemboni yezolimo kanye nabazalelwayo.

Phakathi ku ikhasi lokuqala uchungechunge enesihloko esithi "Amaphepha eMonsanto," iphephandaba laseFrance Okwezwe (6/1/17) uchaze lokhu kuhlasela “njengempi ye-pesticide yesayensi,” futhi wabika, “Ukusindisa i-glyphosate, inkampani [iMonsanto] yathatha isinyathelo sokulimaza i-United Nations ejensi yomdlavuza ngazo zonke izindlela.”

Ngama-scoops amabili anikezwa izimboni kanye nombiko okhethekile, oqiniswa ukubika kwakhe okuvamile, uKelland uhlose isifufula sokubika okubucayi kwi-WHO's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), eveza leli qembu nososayensi balo bengasakwazi ukuxhumana futhi izinsolo ezingekho emthethweni, nezilinganisanayo mayelana nokushayisana kwezintshisakalo kanye nemininingwane ecindezelwe ekuthathweni kwabo kwezinqumo.Isikhali esisodwa esisemqoka emkhakheni wezikhali embonini kube ukubikwa UKate Kelland, umakadebona Reuters intatheli ezinze eLondon.

Iqembu elisebenzayo le-IARC lososayensi alizange lenze ucwaningo olusha, kepha labuyekeza iminyaka yocwaningo olushicilelwe nolubuyekezwa ngontanga ngaphambi kokuphetha ngokuthi kunobufakazi obunqunyelwe bomdlavuza kubantu kusukela ekuvezweni komhlaba wangempela kuya ku-glyphosate nobufakazi "obanele" bomdlavuza ezifundweni izilwane. I-IARC iphinde yaphetha ngokuthi kunobufakazi obuqinile bokuthi i-genotoxicity ye-glyphosate iyodwa, kanye ne-glyphosate esetshenziswe ekwakhiweni okunjengeMonsanto's Roundup brand ye-herbicide, ukusetshenziswa kwayo kukhuphuke kakhulu njengoba iMonsanto ithengisile izinhlobo zezitshalo ziguqulwe ngokwezakhi zofuzo ukuba "Roundup Ready."

Kepha ngokubhala ngesinqumo se-IARC, uKelland ushaye indiva ucwaningo oluningi olushicilelwe olusekela ukwahlukaniswa, wagxila emaphuzu okukhuluma embonini nasekugxekeni kososayensi ekufuneni ukunciphisa ukucubungula kwabo. Ukubika kwakhe kuncike kakhulu emithonjeni yezimboni ezixhasa umkhakha, ngenkathi yehluleka ukudalula ukuxhumana kwemboni yabo; kuqukethe amaphutha Reuters unqabile ukulungisa; futhi wethule imininingwane ekhethwe ngama-cherry emongweni evela kumadokhumenti angazange awanikeze abafundi bakhe.

Ukuphakamisa eminye imibuzo mayelana nokuzimisela kwakhe njengentatheli yesayensi yizibopho zikaKelland ku Isayensi Media Center (SMC), okuyinhlangano ephikisanayo engenzi nzuzo e-UK exhuma ososayensi nezintatheli, bese iyayithola indawo enkulu yezimali eziqhamuka emaqenjini nasezinkampanini, kufaka phakathi izintshisekelo zomkhakha wamakhemikhali.

I-SMC, ebizwa ngokuthi “i-ejensi ye-PR yesayensi, ”Eyethulwa ngo-2002 ngokwengxenye njengomzamo wokunciphisa izindaba ezithathwa amaqembu afana neGreenpeace neFriends of the Earth, ngokusho kwencwadi yayo umbiko wokusungula. I-SMC isolwa ngokudlala phansi ubungozi bezemvelo kanye nempilo yabantu bemikhiqizo nobuchwepheshe obuthile obunempikiswano, ngokusho kuka abacwaningi abaningi abafunde iqembu.

Ukuchema kukaKelland ngokuthanda leli qembu kuyabonakala, njengoba evela kwi-SMC ividiyo yephromoshini kanye ne-SMC umbiko wokuphromotha, uba khona njalo Ama-SMC amafushane, ukhuluma ku Amashabhu we-SMC futhi waba khona imihlangano eNdiya ukuxoxa ngokusungula ihhovisi le-SMC lapho.

Kelland noma abahleli bakhe akekho Reuters uzophendula imibuzo ephathelene nobudlelwano bakhe ne-SMC, noma ukugxekwa okuthile ngokubika kwakhe.

UFiona Fox, umqondisi weSMC, uthe iqembu lakhe alisebenzanga noKelland ezindabeni zakhe ze-IARC noma anikeze imithombo engaphezu kwaleyo efakwe emaphepheni eSMC. Kusobala nokho ukuthi ukubika kukaKelland nge-glyphosate ne-IARC kukhombisa imibono evezwe ngochwepheshe be-SMC namaqembu embonini kulezo zihloko.

I-Reuters ithatha usosayensi womdlavuza

Ngo-June 14, i-2017, Reuters ishicilelwe a umbiko okhethekile nguKelland osola u-Aaron Blair, ingcweti yezifo eziqhamuka e-US National Cancer Institute nosihlalo wephaneli le-IARC ku-glyphosate, ngokugodla imininingwane ebalulekile ekuhlolweni komdlavuza.

Indaba kaKelland ize yaveza nokuthi imininingwane okuthiwa ibanjiwe ibingasiguqula isiphetho se-IARC sokuthi i-glyphosate kungenzeka i-carcinogenic. Kodwa-ke imininingwane okukhulunywa ngayo yayiyi-subset encane yedatha ye-epidemiology etholwe ngephrojekthi yesikhathi eside eyaziwa njenge Ucwaningo Lwezempilo Lwezolimo (AHS). Ukuhlaziywa kweminyaka eminingana yemininingwane emayelana ne-glyphosate evela ku-AHS kwakusivele kushicilelwe futhi kwabhekwa yi-IARC, kepha ukuhlaziywa okusha kwemininingwane engaqediwe, engashicilelwanga akuzange kubhekwe, ngoba imithetho ye-IARC ifuna ukuthembela kuphela kudatha eshicilelwe.

Umbono kaKelland wokuthi uBlair ubambe idatha ebalulekile ubuphikisana nemibhalo yomthombo lapho asekele khona indaba yakhe, kepha akazange anikeze abafundi izixhumanisi zanoma iyiphi yaleyo mibhalo, ngakho abafundi abakwazanga ukuzihlolela ubuqiniso bezimangalo ngokwabo. Izinsolo zakhe zamabhomu zasatshalaliswa kabanzi, zaphindwa yizintatheli kwezinye izindawo zezindaba (kufaka phakathi umama Jones) futhi yathunyelwa ngokushesha njenge- ithuluzi lokunxenxa ngomkhakha wezolimo.

Ngemuva kokuthola imibhalo yangempela, uCarey Gillam, owayekade eyi Reuters intatheli nomqondisi manje wocwaningo lwe-US Right to Know (iqembu elingenzi nzuzo lapho nami ngisebenza khona), Bekele ngaphandle amaphutha amaningi nokushiywa esiqeshini sikaKelland.

Ukuhlaziywa kunikeza izibonelo zezimangalo ezisemqoka ku-athikili kaKelland, kufaka phakathi nesitatimende okuthiwa senziwe nguBlair, esingasekelwa yikhasi elinamakhasi angama-300 ukubekwa kukaBlair eyenziwa ngabameli bakaMonsanto, noma eminye imibhalo yomthombo.

Isethulo sikaKelland sokukhetha isikhundla sikaBlair sibuye sanganaki obekuphikisana nomqondo wakhe — ngokwesibonelo, iziqinisekiso eziningi zikaBlair zocwaningo ezibonisa ukuxhumana kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza, njengoba uGillam abhala Huffington Post i-athikili (6 / 18 / 17).

UKelland uchaze ngokungachazeki ukubeka kukaBlair nezinto ahlobene nazo ngokuthi “yimibhalo yasenkantolo,” okusho ukuthi zitholakala emphakathini; empeleni, azizange zifakwe enkantolo, futhi kungenzeka ukuthi zitholwe kubameli bakaMonsanto noma kuma-surrogatives. (Le mibhalo ibitholakala kuphela kubameli abathintekayo kuleli cala, futhi abameli bommangali bathe abayinikanga uKelland.)

Reuters unqabile ukulungisa amaphutha esiqeshini, kufaka phakathi isimangalo esingamanga mayelana nemvelaphi yemibhalo yomthombo kanye nencazelo enganembile yomthombo oyisihluthulelo, isazi sezibalo uBob Tarone, njengo "ozimele weMonsanto." Eqinisweni, uTarone wayenakho uthole inkokhelo yokubonisana kusuka eMonsanto ngemizamo yakhe yokwehlisa isithunzi i-IARC.

Ukuphendula isicelo se-USRTK sokulungisa noma ukuhoxisa i-athikili kaKelland, Reuters Umhleli wamabhizinisi omhlaba uMike Williams ubhale ku-imeyili kaJuni 23:

Sibuyekeze i-athikili kanye nokubika lapho ibisuselwa khona. Lokho kubika kufaka phakathi okubhekiswe kuwe, kepha bekungagcini kukho. Intatheli, uKate Kelland, naye wayexhumana nabo bonke abantu okukhulunywe ngabo endabeni nabanye abaningi, wafunda neminye imibhalo. Ngokwalokho kubuyekezwa, asithathi le ndatshana njengengalungile noma ukugunyaza ukuhoxiswa.

UWilliams wenqabile ukukhuluma ngendaba engamanga "yemibhalo yasenkantolo" noma incazelo engalungile yeTarone njengomthombo ozimele.

Kusukela lapho, ithuluzi lokunxenxa Reuters unikezwe uMonsanto ukhule imilenze futhi wagijima wasendle. NgoJuni 24 Umhleli by IDispatch yaseSt kungezwe amaphutha ngaphezulu kokubika okuvele kudukisa. Maphakathi noJulayi, amabhulogi wephiko langakwesokudla ayesebenzisa i- Reuters indaba yokusola i-IARC ye ukukhwabanisa abakhokhi bentela base-US, izingosi zezindaba ezixhasa umkhakha zazibikezela ukuthi le ndaba izoba “isipikili sokugcina ebhokisini lomngcwabo”Yezimangalo zomdlavuza mayelana ne-glyphosate, kanye no iqembu lezindaba zesayensi mbumbulu beyithuthukisa indaba kaKelland ku Facebook enesihloko esiyimbumbulu esithi i-IARC ososayensi babevumile ukuthi bazifihla.

Ukuhlaselwa kwebhekoni

Lesi bekungekhona okokuqala ukuthi uKelland athembele kuBob Tarone njengomthombo oyisihluthulelo, futhi wehluleka ukudalula ukuxhumana kwakhe embonini, ku-athikili ehlasela i-IARC.

Ngo-Ephreli 2016 uphenyo olukhethekile nguKelland, "Ngubani Othi Ibhekoni Limbi ?," uveze i-IARC njengenhlangano edidayo engalungile kusayensi. Ucezu lwakhiwe kakhulu kwizingcaphuno ezivela kuTarone, eminye imithombo emibili ye-pro-industry ukuxhumana kwezimboni nakho okungazange kudalulwe, kanye nombukeli oyedwa ongaziwa.

Izindlela ze-IARC “aziqondakali kahle,” “aziwusebenzeli kahle umphakathi,” kwesinye isikhathi zintula ubukhali besayensi, “azilungele isayensi,” “azilungele izinhlangano ezilawulayo” futhi zenza umphakathi “into embi,” kusho abagxeki.

UTarone uthe, le nhlangano "ayinazazi, uma kungezona ezesayensi" - icala elicindezelwe ngofeleba esihlokweni esincane.

I-Tarone isebenza kumkhakha we-pro Isikhungo se-International Epidemiology, futhi wake wabandakanyeka kwi ucwaningo lweselula oluyimpikiswano, exhaswe ingxenye yomkhakha womakhalekhukhwini, ongatholanga ukuxhumana komdlavuza nomakhalekhukhwini, okuphikisana ne- izifundo ezikhokhelwa ngokuzimela kumagazini ofanayo.

Abanye abagxeki endabeni yobhekeni lukaKelland kwakunguPaulo Boffetta, usosayensi owayengundabuzekwayo wakudala wase-IARC owabhala iphepha evikela i-asbestos ngenkathi futhi ukuthola imali yokuvikela imboni ye-asbesto enkantolo; noGeoffrey Kabat, owake waba khona ihlukaniswe nososayensi oxhaswe ngemali embonini kagwayi ukubhala iphepha ukuvikela intuthu kagwayi.

UKabat ubuye asebenze ebhodini lokweluleka le-American Council on Science and Health (ACSH), a iqembu langaphambili lebhizinisi. Usuku i Reuters indaba hit, i-ACSH ithumele into yebhulogi (4 / 16 / 17) eziqhayisa ngokuthi uKelland usebenzise umeluleki wakhe uKabat njengomthombo wokuhlambalaza i-IARC.

[Bona okuthunyelwe okuhlobene ngoMashi 2019: Izibopho zikaGeoffrey Kabat kumaQembu Wezimboni Zikagwayi Namakhemikhali

Ukuxhumana komkhakha wemithombo yakhe, nomlando wabo wokuthatha izikhundla ngokungqubuzana nesayensi ejwayelekile, kubonakala kufanelekile, ikakhulukazi njengoba ukudalulwa kwebhekoni le-IARC kwakumataniswa neKelland i-athikili mayelana ne-glyphosate lowo osola umeluleki we-IARC uChris Portier ngokwenzelela ngenxa yokuzibandakanya kwakhe neqembu lezemvelo.

Ukubiyelwa kwenzalo kwenzelwe ukudicilela phansi incwadi, ehlelwe nguPortier futhi isayinwe ososayensi abangama-94, lokho kuchaze "amaphutha amakhulu" ekuhlolweni kwezinhlekelele ze-European Union okukhipha i-glyphosate engozini yomdlavuza.

Ukuhlaselwa kwePortier, netimu enhle yesayensi / embi yesayensi, kwananela imboni yamakhemikhali Iziteshi ze-PR ngosuku olufanayo kwavela izindatshana zakwaKelland.

IARC ihlehlela emuva

Ngo-Okthoba 2016, kwenye iskoop ekhethekile, UKelland waveza i-IARC njengenhlangano eyimfihlo eyayicele ososayensi bayo ukuthi bayigodle imibhalo ephathelene nokubuyekezwa kwe-glyphosate. Lo mbhalo ubususelwa ekubhaleni okunikezwe uKelland ngu iqembu lomthetho elixhasa umkhakha.

Ukuphendula, i-IARC yathatha isinyathelo esingajwayelekile sokuthumela imibuzo kaKelland kanye ne izimpendulo ababemthumele zona, enikeze umongo oshiywe ngaphandle kwe- Reuters indaba.

I-IARC ichaze ukuthi abameli bakaMonsanto babecela ososayensi ukuthi baphendule amaphepha asalungiswa kanye nezinqumo, futhi ngenxa yamacala aqhubekayo kuMonsanto, "ososayensi bazizwa bengakhululekile ukukhipha lezi zinto, futhi abanye babona ukuthi bayasatshiswa." Le nhlangano ithe bake babhekana nengcindezi efanayo phambilini yokuthi bakhiphe amaphepha asalungiswa ukuze basekele izinyathelo zomthetho ezibandakanya i-asbestos nogwayi, nokuthi kunemizamo yokudonsela amaphepha e-IARC ngamacala enkantolo ye-PCB.

Indaba ayizange isho lezo zibonelo, noma ukukhathazeka mayelana nemibhalo yesayensi esalungiswa egcina isenkantolo, kepha ucezu lwalusinda ekuhlaziyweni kwe-IARC, ukuyichaza njengeqembu "eliphikisana nososayensi emhlabeni wonke," "elibangele impikiswano ”nokuhlolwa komdlavuza“ okungadala ukwesabeka okungadingekile kwezempilo. ”

I-IARC "inezinhloso eziyimfihlo" futhi izenzo zayo "bezihlekisa," ngokusho kwesikhulu seMonsanto esicashunwe endabeni.

IARC yabhala ukuphendula (ukugcizelelwa koqobo):

Lo mbhalo ngu Reuters kulandela iphethini yemibiko engaguquguquki kepha edukisayo mayelana nohlelo lwe-IARC Monographs kwezinye izingxenye zemidiya eziqala ngemuva kokuthi i-glyphosate ihlukaniswe njenge mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic kubantu.

IARC futhi wahlehliselwa emuva Ukubika kukaKelland ngoBlair, ephawula ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo nomthombo wakhe iTarone futhi echaza ukuthi uhlelo lokuhlola umdlavuza lwe-IARC aluthathi imininingwane engashicilelwe, futhi "alusekeli ukuhlolwa kwalo emibonweni ethulwe emibikweni yabezindaba," kodwa "kumhlangano ohleliwe nokubuyekezwa kuzo zonke izifundo zesayensi ezitholakala esidlangalaleni nezisemqoka, ngochwepheshe abazimele, ezingenazintshisekelo ezitholakala kubo. ”

Ukulandisa kwe-ejensi ye-PR

I-Science Media Center-eyiKelland usho kanje kube nomthelela ekubikeni kwakhe — unezintshisekelo, futhi wagxekwa nangokuphikisa imibono yesayensi esekela umkhakha. Abaxhasi bamanje nabangaphambilini kufaka phakathi iMonsanto, iBayer, iDuPont, iCoca-Cola kanye namaqembu okuhweba embonini yokudla namakhemikhali, kanye nama-ejensi kahulumeni, izisekelo namayunivesithi.

Ngawo wonke ama-akhawunti, i-SMC inethonya ekwakheni ukuthi abezindaba bazifaka kanjani izindaba ezithile zesayensi, imvamisa ithola eyayo ukusabela kochwepheshe ucaphuna ezindabeni zemidiya nokusakazwa kokushayela nge cindezela ngamafushane.

Njengoba uKelland echaze ku-SMC ividiyo yephromoshini, "Ekupheleni kwesithangami, uyayiqonda ukuthi yini indaba nokuthi kungani ibalulekile."

Leli yiphuzu lomzamo weSMC: ukukhombisa izintatheli ukuthi izindaba noma izifundo ziyakufanele yini ukunakwa, nokuthi kufanele zakhiwe kanjani.

Kwesinye isikhathi, ochwepheshe be-SMC badlala ingozi futhi banikeza isiqinisekiso emphakathini mayelana nemikhiqizo noma ubuchwepheshe obunempikiswano; isibonelo, abacwaningi bagxeke imizamo yabezindaba ye-SMC ukukhwabanisa, ukuphepha komakhalekhukhwini, Isifo sokukhathala okungamahlalakhona futhi ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo.

Imikhankaso ye-SMC kwesinye isikhathi ifaka isandla emizameni yokunxenxa. Ngo-2013 Nature i-athikili (7 / 10 / 13) uchaze ukuthi iSMC iluguqule kanjani igagasi ekusakazweni kwabezindaba kwemibungu yezilwane / yabantu ehlukanisiwe nokukhathazeka kokuziphatha nokubheka ukubaluleka kwayo njengethuluzi lokucwaninga — futhi ngaleyo ndlela yamisa imithetho kahulumeni.

Umcwaningi wabezindaba oqashwe yi-SMC ukuze ahlaziye ukusebenza kwalowo mkhankaso, u-Andy Williams wase-Cardiff University, wabona imodeli ye-SMC njengenkinga, wakhathazeka ngokuthi impikiswano evimbelwe. Williams kuchazwe izifinyezo ze-SMC njengemicimbi ephethwe ngokuqinile ecindezela ukulandisa okukholisayo.

Esihlokweni somngcipheko womdlavuza we-glyphosate, i-SMC inikeza ukulandisa okucacile ekukhishweni kwayo kwabezindaba.

Ukuhlukaniswa komdlavuza we-IARC, ngokusho kwe- Ochwepheshe be-SMC, "Yehlulekile ukufaka imininingwane ebucayi," ibisuselwa "ekubukezweni okukhethwayo" nakubufakazi "obubonakala buzacile" futhi "kukonke akusekeli ukuhlukaniswa kwezinga eliphezulu okunjalo." Monsanto kanye nezinye umkhakha Amaqembu kukhuthazwe izingcaphuno.

Ochwepheshe be-SMC babenombono omuhle ngokwengeziwe wokuhlolwa kobungozi okwenziwa yi-European Food Safety Authority (I-EFSA) kanye ne-European Chemicals Agency (I-ECHA), okususe i-glyphosate yokukhathazeka ngomdlavuza womuntu.

Isiphetho se-EFSA yayisondelene kakhulu nesayensi, ibambisene futhi ilinganiselwe ”kunama-IARC, kanye ne Umbiko we-ECHA yayizimisele, izimele, iphelele futhi “ivunyelwe ngokwesayensi.”

Ukubika kukaKelland ku Reuters kunanela lezo zingqikithi zomkhakha wemboni, futhi kwesinye isikhathi basebenzise ochwepheshe abafanayo, njenge Indaba kaNovemba 2015 ngokuthi kungani ama-ejensi ase-Europe anikeze izeluleko eziphikisanayo mayelana nobungozi bomdlavuza we-glyphosate. Indaba yakhe icaphune ochwepheshe ababili ngokuqondile ku Ukukhishwa kwe-SMC, bese efingqa imibono yabo:

Ngamanye amagama, i-IARC inikwe umsebenzi wokugqamisa noma yini engase ibe ezimeni ezithile, noma ingajwayelekile, ikwazi ukudala umdlavuza kubantu. I-EFSA, ngakolunye uhlangothi, ikhathazekile ngezingozi zangempela zokuphila nokuthi, uma kwenzeka i-glyphosate, bukhona yini ubufakazi obukhombisa ukuthi uma isetshenziswa ezimweni ezijwayelekile, isibulala-zinambuzane sibeka ingozi engamukeleki empilweni yabantu noma emvelweni.

UKelland uhlanganise ukusabela okufushane okubili kwabezemvelo: IGreenpeace ibize ukubuyekezwa kwe-EFSA ngokuthi “mhlophe”, kanti uJennifer Sass woMkhandlu Wezokuvikelwa Kwemvelo uthe ukubuyekezwa kwe-IARC “bekuyinqubo eqinile, evikeleka ngokwesayensi futhi yomphakathi ebandakanya ikomidi lamazwe omhlaba lochwepheshe abangawona umkhakha . ” (An Isitatimende seNRDC ku-glyphosate ukubeka ngale ndlela: “IARC Got It Right, I-EFSA Ithole It Isuka eMonsanto.”)

Indaba kaKelland ilandelele ukuphawula kweqembu lezemvelo “nabagxeki be-IARC… bathi indlela yayo yokuhlonza izingozi isiba yinto engenamsebenzi kubathengi, abalwela ukusebenzisa iseluleko sayo empilweni yangempela,” futhi iphetha ngezingcaphuno zososayensi “othi intshisekelo usebenze njengomxhumanisi weMonsanto. ”

Lapho ebuzwa ngokugxekwa kwe-pro-industry bias ye-SMC, uFox waphendula wathi:

Silalela ngokucophelela noma ikuphi ukugxekwa okuvela emphakathini wezesayensi noma izintatheli zezindaba ezisebenzela abezindaba base-UK, kepha asikutholi ukugxekwa kokuchema ngemboni evela kulaba babambiqhaza. Siyakwenqaba ukusolwa ngokwenzelela embonini, futhi umsebenzi wethu ukhombisa ubufakazi kanye nemibono yabaphenyi besayensi abangama-3,000 abaqavile kulwazi lwethu. Njengehhovisi lezindaba elizimele eligxile kwezinye zezindaba zesayensi ezinempikiswano enkulu, sikulindele ngokuphelele ukugxekwa ngamaqembu angaphandle kwesayensi ejwayelekile.

Ukungqubuzana kwesazi

Ochwepheshe bezesayensi abahlali bedalula ukungqubuzana kwabo kwezintshisekelo ekukhishweni kwezindaba ezikhishwe yi-SMC, noma nasezindimeni zabo ezisezingeni eliphakeme njengabenza izinqumo ngengozi yomdlavuza yamakhemikhali afana ne-glyphosate.

Isazi esivela njalo se-SMC u-Alan Boobis, uprofesa wezemithi yamakhemikhali e-Imperial College London, unikeza imibono ekukhishweni kwama-SMC i-aspartame (“Hhayi ukukhathazeka”), glyphosate emchameni (akunandaba), ama-insecticide kanye nezinkinga zokuzalwa (“Ngaphambi kwesikhathi ukuthola iziphetho”), utshwala, Ummbila we-GMO, trace izinsimbi, Ukudla kwama-rod rod futhi nokuningi.

The Isinqumo se-ECHA ukuthi i-glyphosate akuyona i-carcinogen "kufanele ihalaliselwe," ngokusho kukaBoobis, kanye ne Isinqumo se-IARC ukuthi mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic "ayisiyona imbangela yokwethuka okungafanele," ngoba ibingacabangi ukuthi izibulala-zinambuzane zisetshenziswa kanjani emhlabeni wangempela.

UBoobis umemezele ukuthi akukho kungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo ekukhishweni kwe-IARC noma yikuphi ukukhishwa kwangaphambilini kweSMC okuphethe izingcaphuno zakhe. Kepha wabe esevusa a ihlazo lokungqubuzana kwenzalo ngesikhathi kuvela izindaba zokuthi ubephethe izikhundla zobuholi ne-International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI), a iqembu le-pro-industry, ngasikhathi sinye wabambisana nosihlalo wepaneli ye-UN eyathola i-glyphosate akunakwenzeka ukubeka ingozi yomdlavuza ngokusebenzisa ukudla. (IBoobis okwamanje isitulo weBhodi Labaphathiswa be-ILSI, futhi iphini likamongameli isikhangiso sesikhashana Ye-ILSI / Europe.)

ILSI ithole iminikelo yabantu abayisithupha kusuka eMonsanto naseCropLife International, inhlangano yokuhweba ngezibulala-zinambuzane. USolwazi Angelo Moretto, owayengusihlalo wesigungu se-UN ku-glyphosate kanye noBoobis, naye wabamba indima yobuholi ku-ILSI. Noma kunjalo iphaneli limenyezelwe akukho ukushayisana kwezintshisekelo.

UKelland akazange abike ngalezo zingxabano, noma kunjalo bhala mayelana okutholwe "ochwepheshe be-UN" abakhipha i-glyphosate engozini yomdlavuza, futhi wake wasebenzisa kabusha isicaphuna seBoobis Ukukhishwa kwabezindaba ze-SMC ngendatshana ekhuluma ingulube yase-Ireland engcolisiwe. (Ubungozi kubathengi bebuphansi.)

Lapho ebuzwa mayelana nenqubomgomo yokudalula inzalo ye-SMC, nokuthi kungani ukuxhumana kweBoobis 'ISLI kungadalulwanga ekukhishweni kwe-SMC, uFox waphendula wathi:

Sicela bonke abacwaningi esibasebenzisayo ukuhlinzeka ngama-COI abo futhi senze ukuthi labo batholakalele izintatheli. Ngokuhambisana nezinye izinqubomgomo ze-COI eziningana, asikwazi ukuphenya yonke i-COI, yize samukela izintatheli ezikwenza lokho.

UBoobis akatholakalanga ukuphawula, kodwa utshele i- Guardian, "Indima yami ku-ILSI (kanye namagatsha ayo amabili) njengelungu lomkhakha womphakathi kanye nosihlalo wamabhodi abo abaphathiswa, izikhundla ezingaholi."

Kodwa ukungqubuzana "kubangele ukulahlwa okufutheka okuvela kuma-MEPs aluhlaza nama-NGO," i Guardian kubika, “kuqiniswe ukukhishwa kombiko [wephaneli le-UN] ezinsukwini ezimbili ngaphambi kokuba kuvunyelwe kabusha i-EU ukuvotela i-glyphosate, okuzobiza izimboni zamarandi ezigidigidi zamarandi.”

Futhi kunjalo nangewebhu ethintekile yethonya ebandakanya izinkampani, ochwepheshe besayensi, ukusakazwa kwabezindaba kanye nempikiswano esezingeni eliphakeme nge-glyphosate, manje edlala ezingeni lomhlaba njengeMonsanto ubhekene nokumangalelwa ngaphezulu kwamakhemikhali ngenxa yezimangalo zomdlavuza, futhi ifuna ukuqeda ifayili le- Isivumelwano esingu- $ 66 billion neBayer.

Okwamanje, e-US, njengoba Bloomberg kubika ngoJulayi 13: “Ingabe Umdlavuza Obulala Kakhulu Wezwe Uyimbangela Yomdlavuza? I-EPA kaTrump Izonquma. ”

Imilayezo eya Reuters kungathunyelwa le website (noma nge Twitter: @Reuters). Sicela ukhumbule ukuthi ukuxhumana ngenhlonipho kuphumelela kakhulu.

UKate Kelland weReuters ukhuthaze ukulandisa okungamanga nge-IARC no-Aaron Blair

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

QAPHELA uJanuwari 2019: Imibhalo efakwe enkantolo khombisa ukuthi iMonsanto kuhlinzekwe uKate Kelland enemibhalo yendaba yakhe kaJuni 2017 ekhuluma ngo-Aaron Blair futhi wamnika umugqa wesilayidi wamaphoyinti okukhuluma inkampani yayifuna ukumbozwa. Ngemininingwane engaphezulu, bheka Okuthunyelwe kukaCarey Gillam's Roundup Trial Tracker.

Ukuhlaziywa okulandelayo kwalungiswa nguCarey Gillam futhi kwathunyelwa ngoJuni 28, 2017:

NgoJuni 14, 2017 Reuters esihlokweni elibhalwe nguKate Kelland, elinesihloko esithi "I-ejensi yomdlavuza ye-WHO ishiye ebumnyameni phezu kobufakazi be-glyphosate," isole ngephutha usosayensi womdlavuza ngokugodla imininingwane ebalulekile ekuhlolweni kokuphepha kwe-glyphosate okwenziwe yi-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Indaba kaKelland iqukethe amaphutha ayiqiniso futhi isho iziphetho eziphikisana nokufundwa okugcwele kwemibhalo ayikhombise njengemithombo eyinhloko. Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi uKelland akazange axhumanise nemibhalo ayikhombile, okwenza abafundi bangakwazi ukuzibona ukuthi uphambuke kangakanani ekuchazeni. I- idokhumenti eyinhloko yomthombo iphikisana ngokusobala nomqondo wendaba kaKelland. Eminye imibhalo indaba yakhe ekhonjisiwe, kepha futhi ayixhumananga nayo, ingatholakala ekugcineni kwalokhu okuthunyelwe.

Ingemuva: Indaba yeReuters yayingenye yochungechunge lwezingcezu ezibucayi i-ejensi yezindaba eyishicilele nge-IARC uKelland ayibhala ngemuva kokuthi i-IARC ihlukanise i-glyphosate njenge kungenzeka i-carcinogen yomuntu ngoMashi 2015. IGlyphosate iyimboni yokubulala ukhula enenzuzo enkulu esetshenziswa njengesithako esiyinhloko emikhiqizweni yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto's Roundup, kanye namakhulu eminye imikhiqizo edayiswa emhlabeni jikelele. Ukwahlukaniswa kwe-IARC kudale ukuqulwa kwamacala amakhulu e-United States alethwe ngabantu abasola ukuthi umdlavuza wabo ubangelwe yiRoundup, futhi kwagqugquzela abalawuli be-European Union kanye ne-US ukuthi bakhulise ukuhlolwa kwabo kwamakhemikhali. Ngokuphendula ukuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC, futhi njengendlela yokuzivikela ekumangalelweni kwamacala kanye nokuqinisa ukwesekwa kwezomthetho, iMonsanto ifake izikhalazo eziningi nge-IARC efuna ukubukela phansi ukwethembeka kwe-IARC. Indaba ka-June 14 Kelland, eyacaphuna isikhulu esiphezulu se “Monsanto” se-Monsanto, yaqinisa leyo mizamo yamasu futhi yashiwo nguMonsanto nabanye embonini yamakhemikhali njengobufakazi bokuthi ukuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC kunamaphutha.

Cabanga ngalokhu:

  • Ukufakwa kukasosayensi u-Aaron Blair, ukukhulumisana okungaqondakali kanye nokuxhumana nge-imeyili endabeni yakhe ngokuthi "amadokhumende asenkantolo" bekungeyona imibhalo yenkantolo kepha bekuyimibhalo eyakhiwe yatholakala njengengxenye yokutholwa enkantolo yamacala amaningi eza nezisulu zomdlavuza Umangalela uMonsanto. Le mibhalo ibiphethwe yithimba labameli bakaMonsanto kanjalo nethimba labammangali. Bheka i-docket US Court Court yesifunda esiseNyakatho neCalifornia, icala lokuhola 3: 16-md-02741-VC. Uma iMonsanto noma i-surrogate inikeze uKelland amadokhumende, lokho kufuna kufanele ngabe kushiwo. Njengoba kunikezwe ukuthi le mibhalo ayitholakalanga enkantolo, njengoba indaba kaKelland isho, kubonakala sengathi iMonsanto noma ama-surrogates batshala udaba lwendaba futhi banikeza uKelland imibhalo, noma okungenani izingxenye ezithile zemibhalo, kanye nokuhlolwa kwayo.
  • Umbhalo kaKelland unikeza ukuphawula nokuchazwa kwesikhundla esivela kuBob Tarone, uKelland amchaza ngokuthi “ozimele ngeMonsanto.” Nokho imininingwane inikezwe yi-IARC kusungula ukuthi iTarone isebenze njengomxhumanisi okhokhelwayo eMonsanto emizameni yayo yokuhlambalaza i-IARC.
  • I-Reuters ihlekise lolu daba ngalesi sitatimende: "Usosayensi ohola lokho kubuyekezwa wayazi ngemininingwane emisha engakhombisi ukuxhumana nomdlavuza - kodwa akakaze akhulume ngayo futhi ne-ejensi ayizange iyinake." UKelland waveza ukuthi uDkt Blair wayefihla ngenhloso imininingwane ebucayi. Noma kunjalo ukufakwa kwemali kukhombisa ukuthi uBlair ufakazile ukuthi imininingwane okukhulunywa ngayo "ibingakalungeli" ukuthunyelwa kumagazini ukuze ishicilelwe futhi ngeke ivunyelwe ukuthi icutshungulwe yi-IARC ngoba ibingakaqedwa futhi ishicilelwe. Idatha eningi yaqoqwa njengengxenye yeSifundo Sezempilo Sezolimo Sase-US ebanzi futhi ibizofakwa eminyakeni eminingana yolwazi olushicilelwe ngaphambili oluvela ku-AHS olungakhombisi ukuhlangana phakathi kwe-glyphosate ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ummeli waseMonsanto ubuze uBlair ngokuthi kungani imininingwane ingashicilelwanga ngesikhathi esizobhekwa yi-IARC, ethi: “Unqume, nganoma yisiphi isizathu, ukuthi leyo datha ngeke ishicilelwe ngaleso sikhathi, ngakho-ke ayizange ibhekwe IARC, akunjalo? ” UBlair uphendule wathi: “Cha. Futhi uyayingcolisa le nqubo. ” “Esinqume ukuthi kube ngumsebenzi ebesiwenza kulezi zifundo ezahlukene ubungakabi - awukakulungeli ukuthunyelwa kumajenali. Noma usuthathe isinqumo sokuyithumela emaphephandabeni ukuze ibuyekezwe, awunqumi ukuthi izoshicilelwa nini. ” (Blair deposition transcript page 259) UBlair uphinde wathi kummeli weMonsanto: “Okungafanelekile ukusheshe uphuthume okuthile okungakahlaziywa ngokuphelele noma kucatshangelwe kahle” (ikhasi 204).
  • UBlair uphinde wethula ubufakazi bokuthi eminye imininingwane evela ku-AHS engakaqedwa, engashicilelwe "ibingabalulekanga ngokwezibalo" (ikhasi 173 lokufaka imali). UBlair uphinde wafakaza kulokho kufakwa mayelana nedatha ekhombisa ukuxhumana okuqinile phakathi kwe-glyphosate ne-NHL nayo engazange ivezelwe i-IARC ngoba ayizange ishicilelwe.
  • UBlair ufakazele ukuthi eminye imininingwane evela ocwaningweni lweProject Pooled Project ikhombise ukuthi ubudlelwane obuqinile kakhulu ne-NHL ne-glyphosate, enobungozi obuphindwe kabili nobuphindwe kathathu obuhambisana ne-pesticide ebonwa kubantu abasebenzisa i-glyphosate ngaphezu kokuphindwe kabili ngonyaka. Njengedatha ye-AHS, le datha nayo ayizange ishicilelwe noma inikezwe i-IARC (amakhasi 274-283 we-Blair deposition).
  • Umbhalo kaKelland uphinde wathi: “UBlair uphinde wathi imininingwane ibizoguqula ukuhlaziywa kwe-IARC. Uthe bekuzokwenza ukuthi kungabi namathuba amancane okuthi i-glyphosate ihlangabezane nemibandela ye-ejensi yokuchazwa ngokuthi 'mhlawumbe yi-carcinogenic.' ”Lobo bufakazi (emakhasini 177-189 of deposition) abuzisekeli nhlobo lezo zitatimende. Ekugcineni uBlair uthi “mhlawumbe” ukuze abuze imibuzo evela kummeli kaMonsanto ebuza ukuthi ngabe idatha ye-AHS ka-2013 ifakiwe yini ekuhlaziyweni kwedatha ye-epidemiology ebhekwe yi-IARC, uma lokho “bekuzokwehlisa ubungozi bezihlobo ze-meta-glyphosate kanye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngisho nangaphezulu… ”Indaba kaKelland nayo ishiya isithombe sokuthi le datha ye-epidemiology engashicilelwe evela ocwaningweni olungakaqedwa ngabe ishintsha umdlalo we-IARC. Eqinisweni, ukufunda lokhu kufakwa ngokuphelele, bese ukukuqhathanisa nombiko we-IARC we-glyphosate, kugcizelela ukuthi lowo mbono ungamanga futhi udukisa kanjani. UBlair ufakaze kuphela kwimininingwane ye-epidemiology futhi i-IARC ibisivele ibubonile ubufakazi besi sifo obubonakala njengobuncane. Ukuhlukaniswa kwayo kwe-glyphosate kwabona ukubaluleka kwedatha yezilwane (i-toxicology) eyibuyekeza, ikubheka "njengokwanele."
  • UKelland uziba izingxenye ezibalulekile zokufakwa kukaBlair ngqo ocwaningweni olushicilelwe lowe-2003 olathola ukuthi “kwakukhona ukuphindeka kabili kwengozi ye-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma kubantu ababekade bevezwa yi-glyphosate” (amakhasi 54-55 of the deposition).
  • UKelland akabunaki ubufakazi obethulwe eBlair mayelana "namaphesenti angama-300 engcupheni eyandisiwe" yomdlavuza ocwaningweni lwaseSweden (ikhasi 60 lokufakwa).
  • Ukufunda konke ukufakwa kwemali kukhombisa ukuthi uBlair ufakaze ngezibonelo eziningi zezifundo ezibonisa ukuhlangana okuhle phakathi kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza, konke uKelland akushaya indiva.
  • UKelland ubhala ukuthi ebufakazini bakhe bezomthetho, uBlair uphinde wachaza i-AHS "njengeyinamandla" futhi wavuma ukuthi imininingwane ayibonisi ukuxhumana nomdlavuza. Uveze ukuthi ubekhuluma ngemininingwane ethile engashicilelwe yango-2013 kwi-NHL ne-glyphosate okuyi-subset encane yolwazi etholwe ku-AHS, lapho ubufakazi bukhombisa ukuthi wayekhuluma ngesambulela esikhulu somsebenzi se-AHS, ebesilandelela imindeni yasepulazini. nokuqoqa idatha kumayelana nezibulala-zinambuzane iminyaka eminingana. Lokho uBlair akusho empeleni nge-AHS ebanzi yilokhu: “Kungumsebenzi onamandla. Futhi kunezinzuzo. Angiqiniseki ukuthi ngingathi yiyona enamandla amakhulu, kodwa isifundo esinamandla. ” (ikhasi 286 lokufaka imali)
    • Ngaphezu kwalokho, lapho ekhuluma ngqo ngemininingwane ye-AHS ka-2013 kwi-glyphosate ne-NHL, uBlair ukuqinisekisile ukuthi imininingwane engashicilelwanga idinga “ukutolikwa okuqaphile” uma kubhekwa inani lamacala avezwe emaqenjini amancane "lincane" (ikhasi 289).
  • UKelland uthi "I-IARC itshele iReuters ukuthi, yize bekukhona imininingwane emisha nge-glyphosate, ibihambisana nokutholakele kwayo," iphakamisa isimo se-cavalier. Isitatimende esinjalo sidukisa ngokuphelele. Yini iARC empeleni wathi bekungumkhuba wayo ukungacabangi okutholakele okungashicilelwanga nokuthi ingahlola kabusha izinto lapho umzimba omkhulu wedatha entsha ushicilelwa ezincwadini.

Ukusabalala okuhlobene:

Imibhalo ezihlobene

Ukufakwa okuqoshwe ngevidiyo kuka-Aaron Earl Blair, Ph.D., Mashi 20, 2017

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ISayensi Media Center Ithuthukisa Ukubukwa Kwebhizinisi Lwesayensi

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

IScience Media Center (SMC) iyinhlangano ye-PR engenzi nzuzo eqale e-UK ethola indawo yayo enkulu kakhulu ye- imali evela embonini amaqembu. Abaxhasi bamanje nabangaphambilini kufaka phakathi iBayer, iDuPont, iMonsanto, iCoca-Cola kanye namaqembu okuhweba embonini yokudla namakhemikhali, kanye namaqembu ezindaba, izinhlaka zikahulumeni, izisekelo namanyuvesi. Imodeli ye-SMC isakazeka emhlabeni wonke futhi ibe nomthelela omkhulu ekwakheni ukusakazwa kwemithombo yezindaba ngesayensi, kwesinye isikhathi ngezindlela ezehlisa ubungozi bemikhiqizo noma ubuchwepheshe obunempikiswano. Leli phepha lichaza umlando we-SMC, ifilosofi, imodeli yezimali, amaqhinga nemibiko evela kubagxeki abathi i-SMC inikeza imibono yezesayensi yezimboni, isimilo i-SMC esiyiphikayo.

Related:

Amaqiniso asemqoka

I-Science Media Centre yethulwa ngo-2002 iphendula “imisindvo yabezindaba mayelana neMMR, izitshalo zeGM kanye nocwaningo lwezilwane” ukusiza abezindaba bamele kangcono isayensi enkulu, ngokusho kwe iphepha lamaqiniso leqembu.

Esikhathini sawo sokuphila umbiko wokusungulaIScience Media Center ichaza ukuthi yadalelwa ukubhekana kanjani:

  • “inkinga yenkinga” ekhulayo emibonweni yomphakathi ngesayensi
  • ukuwa kwenhlonipho ngegunya nobungoti
  • umphakathi onganaki ubungozi nokusakazwa kwabezindaba okwethusayo futhi
  • “amasu abezindaba abonakala sengathi aphakeme kakhulu” asetshenziswa ama-NGO ezemvelo njengeGreenpeace neFriends of the Earth.

Ama-SMC azimele abelana nge umqulu ofanayo njengoba okwangempela manje kusebenza eCanada, e-Australia, eNew Zealand, eJalimane naseJapane, futhi ama-SMC ahlelwa eBrussels nase I-united states.

Imodeli yeSMC ibe nomthelela omkhulu ekwakheni ukusakazwa kwabezindaba ngesayensi. A ukuhlaziywa kwezindaba yamaphephandaba ase-UK ngo-2011 nango-2012 athola ukuthi iningi lezintatheli elisebenzisa izinsizakalo ze-SMC alifunanga imibono eyengeziwe ngezindaba zabo. Leli qembu futhi linethonya kwezepolitiki. Ngonyaka we-2007, iSMC yamisa ukuvinjelwa okuhlongozwayo kwemibungu ehlanganisa abantu / yezilwane ngomkhankaso wayo wezindaba wokushintsha ukusabalala kokukhathazeka kokuziphatha kuye ezinzuzweni zemibungu njengethuluzi lokucwaninga, ngokusho kwe ku-Nature.

Izifundiswa eziningana nabaphenyi bagxeke iSMC ngokuxosha imibono yenkampani yesayensi, nangokudlala phansi ubungozi bezemvelo nobempilo babantu bemikhiqizo nobuchwepheshe obunempikiswano. Imibiko ibhale ukuthambekela kwe-SMC yokuphusha imiyalezo ye-pro-industry futhi ngaphandle kwemibono ephikisanayo ngezihloko ezinjenge ukukhwabanisa, ukuphepha komakhalekhukhwini, Isifo sokukhathala okungamahlalakhona futhi I-GMO.

Ku-imeyili, uMqondisi weSMC uFiona Fox uthe iqembu lakhe alihambisani nomkhakha wezimboni: “Silalela ngokucophelela noma yikuphi ukugxekwa kweSMC emphakathini wezesayensi noma ezintatheli zezindaba ezisebenzela abezindaba base-UK kodwa asikutholi ukugxekwa ngokuchema komkhakha wezimboni kusuka kulaba ababambiqhaza. Siyakwenqaba ukusolwa ngokuchema kwemboni yezimboni futhi umsebenzi wethu ukhombisa ubufakazi kanye nemibono yabaphenyi besayensi abangama-3000 abaqavile kulwazi lwethu. Njengehhovisi labezindaba elizimele eligxile kwezinye zezindaba ezingundabuzekwayo zesayensi sikulindele ngokuphelele ukugxekwa ngamaqembu angaphandle kwesayensi ejwayelekile. ”

Izingcaphuno mayelana neSayensi Media Center

Izintatheli nabaphenyi ngethonya nobandlululo lweSayensi Media Center (ukugcizelelwa kufakwe kuzingcaphuno ezingezansi):

  • “Izikhungo zeSayensi Media ... seziphenduke abadlali abanethonya, kepha abanempikiswano emhlabeni wobuntatheli. Yize ezinye izintatheli zikuthola kuwusizo, ezinye zikholelwa ukuthi zithambekele kososayensi bakahulumeni nezimboni. ” Ukubuyekezwa kobuntatheli beColumbia
  • “Kuya ngokuthi ubuza kubani, (Umqondisi weSMC) UFiona Fox usindisa ubuntatheli besayensi noma ayibhubhise," U-Ewen Callway, Nature
  • “Ukwehla kwesibalo sezintatheli zesayensi zase-UK ezicindezeleke isikhathi asisayi emkhakheni wemba izindaba. Baya emihlanganweni ehlelwe kusengaphambili e-SMC… The ikhwalithi yokubika kwesayensi kanye nokwethembeka kolwazi olutholakala emphakathini konke lokhu kuhlupheke, kuhlanekezela ikhono lomphakathi lokwenza izinqumo ngengozi. ” UConnie St. Louis, iCity College yaseLondon, eCJR
  • “Inkinga akukhona ukuthi bathuthukisa isayensi, njengoba besho ukuthi benza, kodwa ukuthi bona khuthaza isayensi esebenza ngokuhlanganyela. " UDavid Miller, University of Bath, eSciDev
  • "Kulabo abangaphuphuthekiswanga yi-aura ekhangayo ye-SMC, kubonakala sengathi inhloso yayo ecashile ukuqinisekisa ukuthi izintatheli nabezindaba babika izindaba zesayensi nezokwelapha kuphela ngendlela yokuthi kuvumelana 'nenqubomgomo' kahulumeni nezimboni ezindabeni okukhulunywa ngazo. " UMalcolm Hooper, iYunivesithi yaseSunderland, iphepha leCFS / ME
  • “Kuyabonakala ukuthi i-ajenda ye-SIRC, i-SMC nezinhlangano ezihlangene ukuxhasa inqubomgomo yezomnotho kahulumeni wase-UK ukuthuthukisa ubuchwepheshe beBiotec kanye nezokuxhumana ngocingo. ” Iphepha likaDon Maisch kumaselula
  • "The Indima ye-SMC ibonakala ifaka umbono omncane of, ezimweni eziningi imibono emihle, yokuphepha kokuthwebula ama-fracking. ” UPaul Mobbs, Uphenyo Lwezemvelo lweMobbs
  • “Isikhungo sesayensi, esihlala singaziphethe kahle ngokwezepolitiki, sibonakala singahlosile ukuthi sivumele izintshisekelo zaso ukuba zimelwe emphakathini ngamalungu inethiwekhi yezombangazwe eyinqaba neyenkolo. " UGeorge Monbiot, The Guardian

Uxhaso Lwamabhizinisi LweScience Media Center

Isabelo esikhulu sezimali se-SMC, cishe ama-30%, sivela ezinkampanini nakumaqembu ezohwebo. Abaxhasi kusukela ngo-Agasti 2016 kufaka phakathi inqwaba yamakhemikhali, i-biotechnology, inuzi, ukudla, ezokwelapha, ezokuxhumana kanye nezimboni zezimonyo. Abaxhasi bezimboni zezolimo bahlanganisa iBayer, iDuPont, iBASF, iCropLife International, iBioIndustry Association kanye neChemical Industries Association. Abaxhasi bangaphambilini zifake iMonsanto, ExxonMobile, Shell, Coca-Cola neKraft. I-SMC nayo ithola uxhaso oluvela ezinhlakeni eziningi zezindaba, uhulumeni kanye nezifundiswa.

SMC kusho yona inikela ngeminikelo evela kunkampani eyodwa noma isikhungo kuya ku-5% wemali engenayo yonyaka ngemizamo “yokuvikela ethonyeni elingalungile” - kukhishwa imali engaphandle yeminikelo emikhulu evela ku-Wellcome Trust nakuhulumeni wase-UK Umnyango Webhizinisi, Amandla Nezimboni Isu.

Umlando We-SMC: “UMnyango Weqiniso Wokuqala waseBrithani”

Ngasekupheleni kweminyaka yama-1990, ubudlelwano phakathi kwesayensi nabezindaba base busezingeni elichachambile, kuchaza iSMC ividiyo yephromoshini. "Ngesikhathi sokutshalwa kweBSE, MMR, GM, kwakukhona umqondo wangempela ngaleli gebe phakathi kososayensi nabezindaba," kusho uFox kule vidiyo. I-SMC yadalelwa “ukusiza ukuvuselela ukwethembana komphakathi kwezesayensi ngokusebenzela ukukhuthaza ukumbozwa okulinganiselayo, okunembile futhi okunengqondo kwezindaba eziyimpikiswano zesayensi,” ngokusho kwayo umbiko wokubonisana.

Imibhalo eyisisekelo ye-SMC ifaka:

  • February 2000 Umbiko wekomidi leNdlu YeNkosi ichaza “inhlekelele yokwethembana” ebudlelwaneni bomphakathi nesayensi, futhi yancoma uhlelo olusha lwesayensi nabezindaba.
  • Septhemba 2000 “Indlela Yokuziphatha / Imihlahlandlela Yezokuxhumana Kwezesayensi Nempilo, ”YiRoyal Society and Social Issues Research Center (SIRC) incoma imihlahlandlela yezintatheli nososayensi ukuze kuliwe“ nomthelela omubi walokho okubhekwa 'njengezindaba ezesabisayo' ezingenasisekelo kanye nalezo ezinikeza amathemba angamanga kulabo abagula kakhulu. ”
  • 2002 Umbiko Wokubonisana we-SMC ichaza inqubo yenhlolokhono nababambiqhaza abavela kuhulumeni, izimboni kanye nabezindaba abatshele ukuthi iSMC "izoyithatha kanjani i-gauntlet ephonswe phansi yiNkosi… yokuguqula isayensi ibe yizindaba eziphambili."

Umzamo weSMC waba nempikiswano ngokushesha. Umbhali uTom Wakeford wabikezela ngo-2001 ukuthi iSMC izoba “uMnyango Weqiniso Wokuqala waseBrithani lapho ababusi abaqanjiwe bakaGeorge Orwell bazoziqhenya ngabo.” Wabhala uMgcini, "Abantu abaphezulu kuHulumeni, iRoyal Society kanye neRoyal Institution bathathe isinqumo sokuthi ulwazi lwabo lomnotho olubaluleke kakhulu ludinga ukuthi kuncishiswe ukukhuluma ngokukhululeka." Uchaze i-Code of Practice: “Lo Mthetho uncoma ukuthi izintatheli zibonisane nochwepheshe abagunyaziwe, incwadi eyimfihlo okufanele inikezwe 'izintatheli ezibhalisiwe ezinemininingwane eqondile.'”

Iphrojekthi yokuqala ye-SMC - umzamo wokudicilela phansi ifilimu eqanjiwe le-BBC eliveza izitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo ngendlela engathandeki - liphakamise uchungechunge lwezihloko ezibucayi kwi-Guardian (umhleli we-Guardian wabhala nayo le filimu). Lezi zihloko zichaze iSMC njenge- “iqembu lokwamukela izivakashi zesayensi exhaswa izinkampani ezinkulu ezenza imithi namakhemikhali ”ebisebenza “Uhlobo lweyunithi yokuphika esheshayo yaseMandelsoni”Futhi ngisebenzisa“ ezinye amasu we-clumsiest spin weNew Labor ekuzameni ukwehlisa isithunzi (ifilimu) kusengaphambili. ”

UDick Taverne noSense Mayelana neSayensi

Umuzwa Ngezesayensi - umzamo wokucela ukwakhiwa kabusha kwemibono yesayensi - eyethulwa e-UK ngonyaka we-2002 kanye ne-SMC ngaphansi kobuholi buka-Lord Dick Taverne nabanye abanobudlelwano ne-SMC. U-Lord Taverne wayeyi-SMC Ilungu leBhodi Elilulekayo futhi yena kudalwe ngokubambisana ikhodi yokusebenza ye-SIRC.

Indaba ka-2016 ku-The Intercept nguLiza Gross uchaze i-Sense About Science nabaholi bayo “njengabaqaphi abazimele 'besayensi yomsindo'” abathi “balinganise izikali embonini.” UGross uchaze izibopho zomkhakha kagwayi zikaTaverne kanye nemizamo ye-PR yenkampani:

Ngokwamaphepha angaphakathi akhishwe ngamacala ngabakhiqizi bakagwayi, inkampani yababonisi bakaTaverne, iPRIMA Europe, isize iBritish American Tobacco ukuthuthukisa ubudlelwane nabatshalizimali bayo futhi shaya imithetho yaseYurophu ngogwayi ngawo-1990. UTaverne uqobo usebenze kuphrojekthi yabatshalizimali: Ku- imemo engenalo usuku, U-PRIMA uqinisekise inkampani kagwayi ukuthi "umsebenzi uzokwenziwa mathupha nguDick Taverne," ngoba ubekwazi ukubuza abaholi bezimboni futhi "uzofuna ukuqinisekisa ukuthi izidingo zomkhakha zibaluleke kakhulu ezingqondweni zabantu." Phakathi neminyaka eyishumi efanayo, uTaverne wayehleli ebhodini legatsha laseBrithani lenkampani yezokuxhumana yomphakathi iBurson-Marsteller, eyabiza uPhilip Morris njengekhasimende. Umqondo weqembu “lesayensi elizwakalayo”, elenziwe ngoxhaxha lososayensi ababezokhuluma bephikisana nemithethonqubo abantu bezimboni ababengenakho ukwethembeka ukuyiphikisa, kwakuyinkulumo uBurson-Marsteller ayenza kuPhilip Morris ku Imemorandamu yonyaka we-1994.

Phakathi kwamaphrojekthi ayo okuqala, iSense About Science ihlele incwadi evela ku- 114 ososayensi ukunxenxa uhulumeni waseBrithani ukuba "aphikisane nezimangalo ezingamanga" mayelana nama-GMO, futhi wenza inhlolovo ukugqamisa inkinga yokucekelwa phansi kwesivuno seGMO.

I-Sense About Science USA ivulwe ngo-2014 ngaphansi kobuholi besikhathi eside umlingani wemboni yamakhemikhali uTrevor Butterworth, kanye nabalingani be-Gates exhaswa ngemali yiCornell Alliance for Science, a Iqembu lephromoshini le-GMO.

Imisuka YamaKhomanisi Yezinguquko

Abaqondisi abasungula nabamanje beScience Media Center kanye neSense About Science - Umqondisi weSMC UFiona Fox kanye noMqondisi we-SAS UTracey Brown - nabanye ababandakanyeka nalawo maqembu, kubikwa ukuthi baxhunywe ngeRevolutionary Communist Party, iqembu leTrotskyist splinter elalihlelwe ngasekupheleni kweminyaka yama-1970 ngaphansi kobuholi besazi sezenhlalo UFrank Ferudi, ngokusho kwababhali UGeorge Monbiot, UJonathan Matthews, UZac Goldsmith futhi UDon Maisch.

Iqembu likaFerudi elihlukanise i-RCP lahlangana Ukuphila kweMarxism, Umagazini we-LM, I-Spiked Magazine futhi Isikhungo Semibono, owamukela ubungxiwankulu, ukuzimela futhi wakhuthaza umbono wezobuchwepheshe nokudelela abezemvelo, ngokusho kukaMonbiot. (UFerudi kuphendula kule ngcezu.) A Isihloko se-Guardian mayelana nomcimbi we-LM ngo-1999 uchaze inethiwekhi "njengempendulo ebhekiswe Kwesobunxele" (ngamazwi kaFuredi) enombono womhlaba wokuthi ukucabanga kwesokunxele "akuyona into yezepolitiki" futhi "ayikho enye indlela emakethe."

"Enye yezinto ezixakile kwezepolitiki yanamuhla wukubusa kwababengamaphiko kwesobunxele asebephendukele kwesokudla," kubhala uMonbiot ku Isihloko se-2003 Kuchazwa ubudlelwano phakathi kweSense About Science kanye neScience Media Center, abantu ababambe iqhaza kuleyo mizamo kanye nezixhumanisi zenethiwekhi ye-LM:

“Ngabe konke lokhu kwenzeke ngengozi? Angicabangi kanjalo. Kepha akulula ukuqonda ukuthi kungani kwenzeka. Ngabe sibheke iqembu elifuna amandla ngenxa yalo, noma elilandela ukwakheka kwezepolitiki, okuyisinyathelo esiphakathi kwalo? Engingakusho ukuthi isikhungo sezesayensi, esihlala singenapolitiki, sibonakala singahlosile ukuthi sivumele izintshisekelo zaso ukuba zimelwe emphakathini ngamalungu oxhumano lwezepolitiki oluyinqaba nolwehlukile. Esikhundleni sokwakha kabusha ukuthembela komphakathi kwezesayensi nakwezokwelapha, ifilosofi yaleli qembu enyanyekayo ekugcineni ingayiqeda. ”

amaqhinga

I-SMC e-UK ithi inakho i-database enezingcweti ezingama-2700 kanye nezikhulu ezingaphezu kwezingu-1200 zabezindaba, kanye nohlu lwamakheli olunezintatheli ezingaphezu kwezingama-300 ezimele yonke imibhalo emikhulu yase-UK. I-SMC isebenzisa amaqhinga amathathu amakhulu ukuthonya ukusabalala kwesayensi, ngokusho kwayo ividiyo yephromoshini:

  1. Impendulo esheshayo ezindabeni eziqhamuka nezingcaphuno zemibono: Lapho kuvela indaba yesayensi, “kungakapheli nemizuzu emingaki kukhona ama-imeyili e-SMC emabhokisini okungenayo awo wonke intatheli kazwelonke enikeza ochwepheshe,” kusho uFox.
  2. Ukuthola izintatheli kuqala ngocwaningo olusha. I-SMC "inelungelo lokufinyelela kumajenali esayensi angaba ngu-10-15 ngaphambi kokuphakanyiswa kwama-embargo" ukuze bakwazi ukulungiselela ukuphawula kusengaphambili kochwepheshe bezinkampani zangaphandle okukhombisa ukuthi izifundo ezintsha ziyakudinga ukunakekelwa nokuthi kufanele zihlelwe kanjani.
  3. Ukuhlela cishe i-100 press ngamafuphi unyaka "owabeka i-ajenda" ngokusobala ezihlokweni ezahlukahlukene zesayensi ezinempikiswano ezifana nodoti wenuzi, i-biotechnology kanye nezifo ezisafufusa.

Izibonelo zethonya nokuchema

Abaphenyi abaningana kanye nezifundiswa babike ukuthi bathi ukwenzelela kwe-SMC okuxhasa izimboni ngezihloko ezinempikiswano, kanye nokuthi izintatheli zithembele kangakanani emibonweni yochwepheshe be-SMC ukuhlela izindaba zesayensi.

Ukungabi nemibono ehlukahlukene

Uprofesa wobuntatheli uConnie St. Louis waseCity University, eLondon, uhlole umthelela weSMC ekubikeni kwesayensi emaphephandabeni kazwelonke ayi-12 ngo-2011 nango-2012, futhi wathola:

  • Ama-60% ama-athikili abika izithangami zabezindaba ze-SMC awasebenzisanga umthombo ozimele
  • Ama-54% okuphendula "kochwepheshe" anikezwe yi-SMC ekuqhamukeni kwezindaba ngalesi sikhathi esihlanganisiwe bekusezindabeni
    • Kulezi zindaba, ama-23% awasebenzisanga umthombo ozimele
    • Kulabo abakwenzile, kuphela ama-32% wemithombo yangaphandle enikeze umbono ophikisayo kulokho okunikezwa ngungoti ekuphenduleni kwe-SMC.

"Kunezintatheli eziningi kunokuba kufanele ngabe zisebenzisa kuphela ochwepheshe be-SMC hhayi ukuxhumana nemithombo ezimele," kuphetha uSt.

Ochwepheshe akubona njalo ososayensi

UDavid Miller, uprofesa wesayensi yezenhlalo evela e-University of Bath, e-UK, uhlaziye okuqukethwe kwe-SMC kuwebhusayithi kanye nezicelo ze-Freedom of Information Act, futhi wabika:

  • Abanye ochwepheshe be-SMC abangama-20 kwabangu-100 abacashunwe kakhulu kwakungebona ososayensi, njengoba kuchazwa ngokuba ne-PhD nokusebenza esikhungweni sokucwaninga noma emphakathini ophakeme kakhulu, kepha babengama-lobbyists kanye nama-CEO amaqembu amaqembu embonini.
  • Imithombo yezimali ibingadalulwa njalo ngokuphelele ngesikhathi esifanele ku-inthanethi.
  • Kwakungekho bufakazi bokuthi iSMC yayivuna umxhasi othile, kodwa yayithanda imikhakha ethile yezinkampani nezihloko ezazikhuluma ngazo “kukhombisa izinto eziza kuqala zabaxhasi bazo.”

“Uma uthi ucaphuna ososayensi bese ugcina usebenzisa ama-lobbyists kanye nama-NGO, umbuzo uthi: ngabe ukhetha kanjani ukuthi yiliphi ama-lobbyists noma ama-NGO okumele abe nawo? Kungani ungenawo ama-lobbyist aphikisana nokuhlolwa kofuzo noma amalungu e-Greenpeace aveza umbono wawo kunesikhundla se-bioindustry? Lokho kuveza ngempela uhlobo lokuchema olusebenzayo, ”kusho uMiller.

Strategic spin triumph emibungwini yabantu / yezilwane e-hybrid

Ngo-2006, lapho uhulumeni wase-UK ecabanga ukuvimbela ososayensi ekwakheni imibungu ehlanganiswa nabantu-yezilwane, iSMC yahlanganisa imizamo yokususa ukugxila ekusakazweni kwabezindaba kude nezinkinga zokuziphatha nokubheka ukubaluleka kwemibungu ehlanganisiwe njengethuluzi lokucwaninga, ngokusho ku-Nature.

Umkhankaso we-SMC "wawunqobe amasu ebudlelwaneni bezindaba" futhi "ububhekele kakhulu ukuguqula isimo sokutholakala kwemibungu eyizilwane ezingabantu," ngokusho kuka-Andy Williams, umcwaningi wezindaba e-University of Cardiff, e-UK, owenza ukuhlaziywa egameni le-SMC kanye nabasizi bomkhankaso.

UWilliams uthole:

  • Imithombo engaphezulu kwama-60% ezindabeni ezibhalwe yizintatheli zesayensi nezempilo - leyo okubhekiswe kuyo yi-SMC - isekele ucwaningo, futhi yingxenye eyodwa kuphela yekota yemithombo ephikisana nalokhu.
  • Ngokuphambene nalokho, izintatheli ebezingakahlosiwe yi-SMC zikhulume nososayensi abambalwa abasekelayo kanye nabaphikisi abaningi.

"UWilliams manje ukhathazekile ngokuthi imizamo ye-SMC iholele izintatheli ukuthi zinikeze isithunzi ososayensi ngokweqile, nokuthi zavimbela impikiswano," Indatshana Yemvelo ibikile. Ingxoxo noWilliams in SciDevNet kubika:

"Ulimi oluningi olusetshenzisiwe ukuchaza [izithangami zabezindaba ze-SMC] kugcizelela ukuthi babeyithuba lokuthi ososayensi bachaze isayensi ngamagama abo, kodwa - okubaluleke kakhulu - ngendlela engathathi hlangothi futhi engenaxabiso," esho. Kepha lokhu akulinaki iqiniso lokuthi le micimbi ibiphethwe ngokuqinile icindezela ukulandisa okukholisayo, engeza, nokuthi isethelwe ukuvikela umthelela omkhulu kwabezindaba kososayensi ababandakanyekayo. Izintatheli ezingongoti bezesayensi zondliwe "yimixhaso yolwazi" yi-SMC futhi zinamathuba amaningi kakhulu kunezinye izintatheli ukucaphuna imithombo yokuvikela ukuxubana, kusho uWilliams.

Ikhuthaza ukubukwa kwemboni ku-fracking

Ngokombiko othile Februwari 2015 ukuhlaziywa kwezindaba olwenziwe nguPaul Mobbs we-Mobbs 'Environmental Investigations, i-SMC yanikela ngamazwibela amaningi ochwepheshe mayelana ne-fracking phakathi kowezi-2012-2015, kepha idlanzana lososayensi ababephethe ukuphawula kwakusuka ezikhungweni ezinobudlelwano bezezimali nemboni kaphethiloli noma amaphrojekthi ocwaningo axhaswe imboni.

“Iqhaza le-SMC libukeka lifaka umbono omncane emibonweni emincane yezimvo zokuphepha kwe-fracking. Le mibono isuselwa esikhundleni sobungcweti salabo abathintekayo, futhi ayisekelwa ngezikhombo zobufakazi ukuqinisekisa ubuqiniso bayo. Ngenxa yalokho, le mibono iye yacashunwa kwabezindaba ngaphandle kokungabaza. ”

“Mayelana negesi ephuma emanzini, i-SMC ayinikezi umbono olinganiselayo ngobufakazi obutholakalayo, kanye nokungaqiniseki, ngemithelela kawoyela negesi engajwayelekile. Inikeza izingcaphuno ezivela ezifundweni ezimele kakhulu umbono 'wase-UK', ongabunaki bonke ubufakazi obutholakala kulolu daba obuvela e-USA, Australia naseCanada. ”

Ukwehlisa isineke ukukhathala okungamahlalakhona 

A Iphepha le-2013 nguMalcolm Hooper, uProfesa Wezokwelapha e-Emeritus, e-University of Sunderland, e-UK, usole iSMC ngokuthuthukisa imibono yabanye abasebenza kwezokwelapha, ngokwehluleka ukubika ngesayensi yezinto eziphilayo kanye nokuphokophela "imibono kanye nenkulumo-ze yamaqembu anentshisekelo enamandla" emithonjeni yayo yezindaba sebenza ku-chronic fatigue syndrome / myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS / ME).

Iphepha likaHooper libika ngezixhumanisi eziphakathi kwe-SMC nabadlali abalulekile empikiswaneni yeCFS / ME nezixhumanisi zemboni yomshuwalense, futhi linikeza ubufakazi balokho uHooper akuchaze njengomkhankaso weSMC wokudicilela phansi abantu ngeCFS / ME, kanye nemizamo yayo yokudicilela phansi iPACE imiphumela yesivivinyo kwabezindaba. Uyaphetha, "Inhlangano eziphatha ngendlela engqubuzana nesayensi ngale ndlela ayinakuba nesicelo esisemthethweni sokumela isayensi."

Ukubukwa kwe-SMC, bheka Ishidi lamaqiniso lango-2018 ku-CFS / ME “ukugula nokuphikisana.”

Ukuphepha kwamaselula nabaxhasi bezingcingo

A Iphepha le-2006 nguDon Maisch, PhD, "kuphakamisa ukukhathazeka okukhulu ngokungakhethi kwemodeli yeSMC kwezokuxhumana kwezesayensi lapho kunikezwa izeluleko zochwepheshe ezindabeni ezinengxabano lapho izintshisekelo ziyingxenye yohlaka lweSMC." Iphepha leMaisch lihlola ukuxhumana kwamaSMC ezindabeni ezibandakanya imisebe kagesi kagesi kanye nokuphepha komakhalekhukhwini, futhi linikeza lokho akubiza ngokuthi "umlando ongacwaningwa wemodeli yeSMC yokuxhumana kwesayensi."

“Kusobala ukuthi i-ajenda ye-SIRC, i-SMC nezinhlangano ezisebenzisanayo ukuxhasa inqubomgomo yezomnotho kahulumeni wase-UK yokuqhakambisa ubuchwepheshe be-Biotec nobuchwepheshe bezokuxhumana. Lokhu kungachaza ukuthi kungani abantu abangenazo iziqu zangempela kwezokuxhumana kwezesayensi bekwazile ukufinyelela ezikhundleni ezaba ubuso bomphakathi bezikhungo zesayensi zaseBrithani. Ibuye ichaze ukuthi kungani isikhungo sezesayensi nezokwelapha sase-UK, sazi ukuthi ingxenye enkulu yemali yesayensi ivela emithonjeni yezimboni, ingabalingani abazimisele ukuvumela izinhlangano ze-PR ezine-ajenda enqunywe kusengaphambili ukuthi zibakhulumele futhi zisekele inqubomgomo yezomnotho kahulumeni kunentshisekelo yomphakathi . ”

Ukuvikela i-GMO

Njengokwehliswa ngenhla, bobabili iScience Media Center neqembu lodadewabo iSense About Science bethule ngamaphrojekthi avikela ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. I-SMC ivame ukunikeza ochwepheshe abagxeka izifundo eziveza ukukhathazeka ngama-GMO. Izibonelo zifaka:

Ngo-2016, ososayensi baphindisela emuva ekuphenduleni kochwepheshe be-SMC abathi babekhuluma kabi ngomsebenzi wabo kuma-GMO. Ucwaningo oluholwa nguMichael Antoniou, PhD, iNhloko yeGene Expression and Therapy Group, eKing's College London School of Medicine, futhi lwashicilelwa ku Imibiko yeSayensi, wasebenzisa ukwenziwa kwamangqamuzana ukuze aqhathanise ummbila we-GMO nozakwabo ongeyona i-GM futhi wabika ukuthi ummbila we-GM nowe-GM "awalingani kakhulu." I-SMC ikhiphe i- ukusabela kochwepheshe ukuhlambalaza isifundo, futhi bekungavumeli ababhali ukuthi baphendule noma balungise imininingwane enganembile ekukhishweni kwe-SMC, ngokusho kwabalobi bezocwaningo.

“Lawa mazwana [acashunwe ekukhishweni kweSMC] awanembile ngakho-ke asabalalisa ulwazi olungelona iqiniso ngephepha lethu. Sazisiwe ukuthi akusiyo inqubomgomo yeScience Media Centre ukuthumela izimpendulo, ezifana nezethu, kumazwana okuphawula abawathumelayo / abawabeka kwiwebhusayithi yabo, ”kusho u-Antoniou. Ababhali bokufunda bathumele impendulo yabo lapha.

Intatheli uRebekah Wilce ibike kanjalo ku-PR Watch ngo-2014 ngezibonelo eziningana zokuchema kwe-pro-GMO kwezokuxhumana ze-SMC. Wabhala:

I-SMC izibiza ngesikhungo esizimele sokuxoxisana nabezindaba ngezindaba zesayensi. Abagxeki, nokho, bayakungabaza ukuzimela kwayo kusuka embonini ye-GMO - yize isitatimende seqembu ukuthi inkampani ngayinye noma omunye umxhasi anganikela kuphela ngamaphesenti amahlanu emholweni weqembu wonyaka - futhi axwayise ukuthi le nhlangano ibheke ngaphesheya kwechibi iye e-United States ukuhlinzeka nge-GMO spin lapha.

I-SMC kwahola impendulo ocwaningweni luka-2012 olubika ukuthi ukuthola izicubu ezilwaneni zaselebhu zondla ama-GMO esifundweni sesondlo sesikhathi eside. Ucwaningo luye lwahlazeka kakhulu emaphephandabeni, lwahoxiswa yilo magazini wokuqala futhi lwaphinde lwashicilelwa komunye umagazini.

Imidiya

Uchungechunge lweColumbia Journalism Review olunezigaba ezintathu, ngoJuni 2013, “Science Media Centers and the Press”

Nature, ngu-Ewen Callaway, Julayi 2013, “Abezindaba zesayensi: Isikhungo sokunakwa; UFiona Fox neScience Media Center yakhe bazimisele ukuthuthukisa ezokunyathelisa zaseBrithani. Manje imodeli isakazeka emhlabeni wonke ”

Nature, nguColin Macilwain, “Izizwe ezimbili zihlukaniswe inhloso eyodwa: Izinhlelo zokuphindaphinda iScience Media Center yaseBrithani e-United States zigcwele ingozi”

I-FAIR, ngu-Stacy Malkan, ngoJulayi 24, 2017, "Reuters vs. Un Cancer Agency: Ingabe Izibopho Zenkampani Zithonya Ukutholakala Kwezesayensi?"

SciDevNet, nguMićo Tatalović, ngoMeyi 2014, “Isikhungo Sezindaba Sezindaba sase-UK sibhebhezela ukuphusha isayensi yezinkampani” Isikhungo semvu

Ukubuka kwe-PR, nguRebekah Wilke, ngo-Ephreli 2014, "IScience Media Center Spins Pro-GMO Line"

Kwiqembu elihlobene i-Sense About Science:

I-Intercept, ebhalwe nguLiza Gross, ngoNovemba 2016, “Seeding Doubt: Yeka indlela abazibeke ngayo abaqaphi 'besayensi ezwakalayo' befaka esikalini embonini.”

Ishidi Leqiniso le-USRTK: I-Sense About Science-USA Director uTrevor Butterworth Spins Science for Industry

Ishidi Leqiniso le-USRTK: IMonsanto Ithembele Kulaba 'Ozakwethu' Ukuhlasela Ososayensi Abaphezulu Bomdlavuza

I-Monsanto Spin Doctors I-Target Cancer Scientist Ku-Flawed Reuters Indaba

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ekuhlanganisweni kwabezindaba okuhlelwe kahle futhi okuhlelekile, uMonsanto Co nabangane kuleli sonto baphonse ibhomu kubaphikisi abafuna ukufakazela ukuthi i-Roundup herbicide yenkampani ethandekayo ibangela umdlavuza.

A indaba esatshalaliswa kabanzi ishicilelwe ngoJuni 14 esiteshini sezindaba somhlaba wonke iReuters (engangikusebenzela phambilini) yabeka okubonakala kuyindaba eyihlazo yolwazi olufihliwe nososayensi oyimfihlo, izambulo "ezikhethekile" ukuthi le ndaba yathi zingaguqula ukuhlukaniswa okubucayi konyaka ka-2015 I-Roundup kaMonsanto yomdlavuza futhi kwadala amagagasi amacala amelene neMonsanto.

Kwakuyi-blockbuster yendaba, futhi kwaphindwa yizinhlangano zezindaba emhlabeni wonke, ziqhutshwa yimithombo yezindaba evela ezinhlanganweni ezisekelwa yiMonsanto kanye amacilongo abasebenzisana nomkhakha njengomkhandlu waseMelika Chemistry.

Kwakunamaphutha futhi kudukisa ngezindlela eziningi ezibucayi.

Ibhalwe yintatheli yeReuters uKate Kelland, onomlando wobudlelwano obuhle neqembu elixhaswe ngemali yinzuzo yezinkampani zezolimo, lesi siqephu sisole udokotela wezifo eziphezulu ovela e-US National Cancer Institute ngokwehluleka ukuhlanganyela imininingwane "ebalulekile" yesayensi nabanye ososayensi njengoba bonke basebenze ndawonye behlola i-herbicide glyphosate ye-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Lelo qembu libuyekeze ucwaningo olubanzi nge-glyphosate futhi lathola ngoMashi ka-2015 ukuthi umuthi wokubulala izinambuzane kufanele ubekwe njenge kungenzeka i-carcinogen yomuntu. Ukube iqembu belazi ngale datha elahlekile, isiphetho salo belingahluka, ngokusho kweReuters.

Le ndaba yanikezwa ngesikhathi esifanele i-glyphosate kanti iRoundup iphakathi nendawo yamacala amakhulu e-United States futhi ihlolisiswa ngabalawuli baseMelika nabaseYurophu. Ngemuva kokwahlukaniswa kwe-IARC, iMonsanto yamangalelwa ngabantu abangaphezu kwe-1,000 XNUMX e-United States abathi bona noma abathandekayo babo bathola i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) ekuvezweni yi-Roundup esekwe eMonsanto futhi inkampani namacala angaqala ukuya ukuqulwa kwecala ngonyaka ozayo. I-Roundup yi-herbicide esetshenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni futhi iletha izigidigidi zamaRandi ngonyaka eMonsanto. Le nkampani igcizelela ukuthi ukuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC akunamsebenzi futhi ikhemikhali likhonjwe liphephile ngamashumi eminyaka ocwaningo.

Yebo, bekuyindaba enkulu ethola amaphuzu amakhulu eMonsanto empikiswaneni yezokuphepha kwe-glyphosate. Kepha ukubhoboza ngokujulile ekuhlolweni nasekukhetheni kocezu lweReuters kuyenza icace le ndaba ukuthi ayinamaphutha amabi kuphela, kepha nokuthi iyingxenye yomzamo oqhubekayo futhi owenziwe ngokucophelela nguMonsanto kanye nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane ukudicilela phansi umsebenzi we-IARC.

Le ndaba iqukethe okungenani amaphutha amabili abonakala eyiqiniso aya ekuthembekeni kwengqikimba yawo. Okokuqala le ndaba ibalula “imibhalo yasenkantolo” njengemithombo eyinhloko kanti empeleni amadokhumende okubhekiswe kuwo awazange afakwe enkantolo futhi ngenxa yalokho awatholakali esidlangalaleni ukuze izintatheli noma amalungu omphakathi awathole. UKelland akahlanganyeli ngezixhumanisi zemibhalo ayikhombayo kepha ukwenza kucace ukuthi imininingwane yakhe isuselwa kakhulu ekubekweni okuvela ku-Aaron Blair, iNational Cancer Institute epidemiologist owayengusihlalo weqembu elisebenzayo le-IARC ku-glyphosate, kanye nama-imeyili ahlobene namanye amarekhodi. Zonke zitholwe yiMonsanto njengengxenye yenqubo yokutholakala kwecala leRoundup elilinde enkantolo yaseSan Francisco. Ngokucaphuna amadokhumende asenkantolo, uKelland wayegwema ukukhuluma nokuthi ngabe iMonsanto noma ababambisene nayo bamnikeze amarekhodi noma cha. Futhi ngenxa yokuthi i-athikili ayizange inikeze isixhumanisi ekubekweni kwe-Blair, abafundi abakwazi ukubona ingxoxo ephelele yocwaningo olungashicilelwe noma ukuphawula okuningi okwenziwe nguBlair kwezinye izifundo eziningi okukhombisa ubufakazi bokuxhumana phakathi kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza. Nginikeza ukuthunyelwa lapha, nokudalula ukuthi ngicelile futhi ngakuthola kubameli ababandakanyeka ecaleni le-Roundup ngemuva kokushicilelwa kwendaba kaKelland.

Okwesibili, le ndaba incike ngokwengxenye kumbono olwa ne-IARC wososayensi ogama lakhe linguBob Tarone futhi ubhekisela kuye njengochwepheshe "ozimele", umuntu "ozimele ngeMonsanto." UKelland ucaphuna uTarone ethi ukuhlolwa kwe-IARC kwe-glyphosate “kunamaphutha futhi akuphelele.” Ngaphandle, ngokusho kwe- imininingwane enikezwe yi-IARC, ITarone ikude kakhulu nokuzimela kweMonsanto; UTarone empeleni uvumile ukuthi ungumxhumanisi okhokhelwayo eMonsanto, futhi isiqeshana esicashunwe yiReuters futhi eyabhalwa nguTarone ngonyaka owedlule ephephabhukwini lezesayensi laseYurophu iyalungiswa kabusha ukuze ikhombise ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo kukaTarone, ngokusho kwe-IARC, ethi beyixhumana naleyo magazini.

Kepha okuphawuleka kakhulu kunamaphutha ukuthi indaba ikhetha kanjani ekukhetheni ekubekweni kweBlair. Le ndaba yazishaya indiva iziqinisekiso eziningi zikaBlair zocwaningo ezibonisa ukuxhumana kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza, futhi wagxila kulwazi lukaBlair ucwaningo olulodwa olungashicilelwe lokho bekusaqhubeka. Le ndaba ikhuluma ngokuqagela ukuthi kungenzeka ukuthi idatha ingaqedwa futhi yashicilelwa ngesikhathi ukuthi ibuyekezwe yi-IARC nokuqagela okwengeziwe nguBlair, okuqhutshwa ngummeli weMonsanto, ukuthi ngabe bekuqediwe futhi ngabe kushicilelwe bekungasiza ekuphikiseni ezinye izifundo ezibukwe yi-IARC ezibonisa ukuxhumana okuhle komdlavuza.

Lolo cwaningo, oluyingxenye yomsebenzi omkhulu oqhubekayo wabaphenyi bakahulumeni wase-US obize i- Ucwaningo Lwezempilo Lwezolimo, kufaka amakhulu ezifundo kanye neminyaka yedatha ehlaziya imithelela yezibulala-zinambuzane kubalimi. UBlair, owathatha umhlalaphansi kwiNational Cancer Institute ngo-2007, wayengaholi kulolo cwaningo kodwa wayeyingxenye yethimba lososayensi okwathi ngo-2013 bahlaziya imininingwane ngokusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane kanye nengozi ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Idatha eqondene ne-glyphosate ayikhombisanga ukuxhumana ne-NHL kepha ekusebenzeni ukushicilela iphepha mayelana nayo yonke imininingwane iqembu eliyiqoqile, banquma ukunciphisa ukugxila kwizinambuzane futhi ngo-2014 ushicilele iphepha kulowo msebenzi. Imininingwane ye-glyphosate ne-NHL isazoshicilelwa, kanti abanye ososayensi abajwayelene nomsebenzi bathi awulandelanga abantu isikhathi esanele ngokwanele ukuthi banikezwe i-NHL ngokuvamile kuthatha iminyaka engama-20 noma ngaphezulu ukuthuthuka. Ukuhlanganiswa kwangaphambili kwemininingwane ngabaphenyi be-AHS nakho okungakhombisi ukuxhumana phakathi kwe-glyphosate ne-NHL eshicilelwe ku-2005 futhi yabhekwa yi-IARC. Kepha ngoba idatha entsha ayishicilelwanga ayizange icatshangwe yi-IARC.

UBlair uthe isinqumo sokunciphisa umsebenzi oshicilelwe emithini yokubulala izinambuzane ukwenza idatha iphathwe kahle futhi yenziwe kahle ngaphambi kokuthi i-IARC imemezele ukuthi izobheka i-glyphosate e2015.

"Umthetho ubheka kuphela izinto ezishicilelwe," uBlair ungitshele kuleli sonto ngemuva kokushicilelwa kwendaba yeReuters. "Kungaba njani uma wonke umuntu eqenjini elisebenzayo ehlebela izinto azaziyo kodwa angashicilelwa bese ethatha izinqumo ngalokho?" I-IARC ikuqinisekisile ukuthi ayicabangi ngocwaningo olungashicilelwe. Esikhundleni sakhe, uBlair uthi akukho okushintshe umbono wakhe nge-glyphosate ne-NHL.

Isazi se-Epidemiologist kanye nososayensi wase-University of Toronto uJohn McLaughlin, owayehlala eqenjini elisebenza nge-glyphosate le-IARC noBlair, uthe kimi encwadini kuleli sonto ukuthi imininingwane ngomsebenzi ongashicilelwe obhalwe yiReuters ayizange iguqule umbono wakhe ngokuba semthethweni kwe-IARC isiphetho nge-glyphosate noma.

Okunye okushiywe ngaphandle endabeni yeReuters - ukubekwa kanye nekhophi esalungiswa yocwaningo okukhulunywa ngalo kukhombisa ukuthi kube nokukhathazeka ngemiphumela ye-AHS ngenxa yamaqembu amancane "amancane" wamacala aveziwe. Futhi okuphawuleka kakhulu, umbiko weReuters uyishiya ngaphandle ingxoxo kaBlair yeNorth American Pooled Project, lapho abamba khona iqhaza, equkethe nemininingwane ephathelene ne-glyphosate ne-NHL kepha ayihambisani neMonsanto. A amazwibela aloo phrojekthi eyethulwe kwi-International Society for Environmental Epidemiology ngonyaka ka-2015 ikhombisile ukuthi abantu abasebenzisa i-glyphosate iminyaka engaphezu kwemihlanu bakhulise kakhulu amathuba okuba ne-NHL, futhi ingozi nayo ibiphakeme kakhulu kubantu abaphethe i-glyphosate isikhathi esingaphezu kwezinsuku ezimbili ngonyaka. Lolo lwazi, njengedatha entsha ye-AHS, aluzange lunikezwe i-IARC ngoba yayingakashicilelwa.

"Lapho kufakwa ingqikithi yediphozithi kaDkt. Blair isiyonke, kukhombisa ukuthi akukho lutho olugodliwe i-IARC," kusho ummeli kaPlaintiffs u-Aimee Wagstaff. Uthe iMonsanto ibisebenzisa izingcezu zesikhundla sayo "ukuqhubekisela phambili uhlelo lwayo kwabezindaba."

Ku-epidemiologist uPeter Infante, ochithe iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-20 ehola uphiko lokuhlonza umdlavuza e-Occupational Safety and Health Administration futhi wahlaziya ucwaningo lwe-epidemiology ku-glyphosate efakazela iKomidi Eliluleka Ngezesayensi Yezemvelo (EPA) ngoDisemba, ukunakwa ukudonselwa kwimininingwane engashicilelwe esekela isikhundla sikaMonsanto kuyisidina esikhulu ngalutho.

"Usenezinye izifundo ezibonisa impendulo yedosi," wangitshela. “Lolu Cwaningo Lwezempilo Kwezolimo akulona izinga legolide. Nge-glyphosate ne-NHL bebengalandeli abantu isikhathi eside ngokwanele. Noma ngabe imininingwane ibishicilelwe futhi yabhekwa yi-IARC bekungaba semongweni wayo yonke eminye imiphumela yokufunda. ”

Futhi ekugcineni, ngokukhishwa okungajwayelekile, le ndaba yehluleka ukudalula ukuthi uKelland uqobo unobuhlobo obuncane bokuhlangana noMonsanto nabangane. UKelland usize ukukhuthaza inhlangano ebizwa nge- Isayensi Media Center, iqembu inhloso yalo ukuxhuma ososayensi abathile abanjengoTarone nezintatheli ezinjengoKelland, futhi elithola imali enkulu kunazo zonke ezinkampanini ezibandakanya imboni yezolimo. Abaxhasi bamanje nabangaphambilini kufaka phakathi iMonsanto, umlingani ohlongozwayo wokuhlangana kukaMonsanto iBayer AG, iDuPont kanye nomkhakha wezolimo wezolimo iCropLife International. UKelland uvela ku- ividiyo yokukhangisa kwabakwaSMC betusa leli qembu futhi babhala nendatshana ebabaza i-SMC ebivele ku Umbiko wokuphromotha we-SMC.

Njengentatheli yeReuters iminyaka eyi-17 (1998-2015) ngiyazi ukubaluleka kwe- "exclusive." Lapho kunqwabelana onqenqemeni bezintatheli, amaphuzu ebhonasi amaningi kanye nokudumisa okuphezulu okuvela kubahleli. Luhlelo olubonwa ezinhlanganweni eziningi zezindaba futhi lusebenza kahle uma lukhuthaza ubuntatheli obunenkani, obunophenyo. Kepha izinkampani ezinamandla njengeMonsanto nazo ziyazi ukuthi izintatheli zikulangazelele kangakanani ukuthola umhlaba zodwa futhi ziyazi ukuthi ukunikezela izintatheli ezithandwayo imininingwane ekhethwe nge-cherry ngesithembiso sokukhetha kungasiza izidingo zazo zobudlelwano bomphakathi kahle kakhulu. Landela le ndaba efuthwe ngesandla ngokukhishwa kwabezindaba esitolo esikhokhelwa yimboni futhi ufuna kwenziwe uphenyo eqenjini lezimboni i-American Chemistry Council futhi une-propaganda yegolide.

Lokho ongenakho iqiniso.

Ukushayisana Kwezintshisekelo Ukukhathazeka Kwe-Cloud Glyphosate Review

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

NguCarey Gillam

Sekuphele isikhathi esingaphezu konyaka kusukela ochwepheshe bezocwaningo ngomdlavuza be-World Health Organisation (WHO) bephakamisa ingane eyintandokazi yomkhakha wezolimo. Leli qembu, i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) limemezele ukuthi i-herbicide esetshenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni - i-glyphosate - njenge-carcinogen yabantu.

Kusukela lapho, iMonsanto Co, edonsa cishe ingxenye yesithathu yamadola ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyi- $ 15 emalini etholwa minyaka yonke evela emikhiqizweni yokubulala ukhula eyakhiwe ngeRoundup, (futhi okunye okuningi okuvela kubuchwepheshe bezitshalo ezibekezelela i-glyphosate) bekusemkhankasweni wokuqeda Ukuthola kwe-IARC Ngombutho wamasosha ahamba ngezinyawo afaka abaphathi bemboni, ochwepheshe bezobudlelwano bomphakathi nososayensi baseyunivesithi yomphakathi, inkampani icele ukukhuza umsebenzi we-IARC ku-glyphosate.

Ukuthi le mizamo izophumelela noma izophumelela kangakanani kusengumbuzo ovulekile. Kodwa ezinye izimpendulo zilindelekile kulandela umhlangano obanjwe kuleli sonto eGeneva, eSwitzerland. An “Iqembu lesayensi lamazwe omhlaba” owaziwa njenge-JMPR ubuyekeza umsebenzi we-IARC ku-glyphosate, futhi imiphumela kulindeleke ukuthi inikeze abalawuli emhlabeni jikelele umhlahlandlela wokuthi ungayibuka kanjani i-glyphosate.

Leli qembu, elaziwa ngokusemthethweni ngokuthi yi-Joint FAO-WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR), liphethwe ngokuhlanganyela yiFood and Agriculture Organisation ye-United Nations (FAO) ne-WHO. I-JMPR ihlangana njalo ukubuyekeza izinsalela nezici zokuhlaziya zemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, ukulinganisa amazinga asele asezingeni eliphakeme, nokubukeza idatha enobuthi nokulinganisa ukufakwa kwansuku zonke okwamukelekayo kubantu.

Ngemuva komhlangano waleli sonto, ozoqala ukusebenza ngoMeyi 9-13, i-JMPR kulindeleke ukuthi ikhiphe uchungechunge lwezincomo oluzobe seluya kwiKhomishini ye-FAO / WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission. I-Codex Alimentarius yasungulwa yi-FAO kanti i-World Health Organisation yathuthukisa amazinga okudla ahambisanayo emhlabeni wonke njengendlela yokuvikela impilo yabathengi kanye nokukhuthaza izindlela ezifanele zokuhweba ngokudla.

Umhlangano kuza njengoba bobabili abalawuli baseYurophu nabaseMelika belwa nokuhlolwa kwabo nokuthi bangasabela kanjani ekuhlukanisweni kwe-IARC. Kubuye futhi njengoba iMonsanto ifuna ukuxhaswa ngezimangalo zayo zokuphepha kwe-glyphosate.

IGlyphosate akuyona nje i-lynchpin yokuthengiswa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula yenkampani kepha futhi nembewu yayo eguqulwe ngokwezakhi zofuzo eyenzelwe ukubekezelela ukufuthwa nge-glyphosate. Le nkampani nayo okwamanje iyazivikela amacala ambalwa lapho abasebenzi basepulazini nabanye bathi bathola umdlavuza oxhumene ne-glyphosate nokuthi iMonsanto ibizazi izingozi, kepha izifihlile. Futhi, ukusolwa kokwahlukaniswa kwe-glyphosate kwe-IARC kungasiza inkampani ecaleni layo elimele izwe laseCalifornia, okuhlose ukumisa umbuso ekulandeleni ukuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC ngesiqu esifanayo.

Ngokuya ngomphumela we-JMPR, iCodex izothatha isinqumo nganoma iziphi izinyathelo ezidingekayo mayelana ne-glyphosate, kusho okhulumela i-WHO uTarik Jasarevic.

"Kungumsebenzi we-JMPR ukwenza ukuhlolwa kobungozi bokusetshenziswa kwezolimo nokuhlola ubungozi bezempilo kubathengi kusuka ezinsaleleni ezitholakala ekudleni," kusho uJasarevic

Umphumela womhlangano we-JMPR ubhekwe ngeso lokhozi amaqembu amaningi ezemvelo nabathengi afuna ukubona amazinga amasha okuphepha we-glyphosate. Futhi hhayi ngaphandle kokukhathazeka okuthile. Lo mfelandawonye, ​​ofaka phakathi uMkhandlu Wezokuvikelwa Kwemithombo Yemvelo kanye Nabangane Bomhlaba, uzwakalise ukukhathazeka ngokusobala okubonakala kungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo kuthimba labeluleki lochwepheshe. Abanye abantu babonakala benobudlelwano bezezimali nobungcweti eMonsanto nakwimboni yamakhemikhali, ngokusho komfelandawonye.

Umfelandawonye icacise ngokukhethekile izibopho zamalungu ezingenzi-nzuzo I-International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI), exhaswa yiMonsanto nezinye izinkampani zamakhemikhali, zokudla nezidakamizwa. Isikhungo ibhodi labaphatheli kufaka phakathi abaphathi abavela eMonsanto, Syngenta, DuPont, Nestle nabanye, kanti uhlu lwayo lwamalungu nezinkampani ezisekelayo lubandakanya lezo nezinye eziningi ukukhathazeka kokudla nokwamakhemikhali komhlaba.

Imibhalo yangaphakathi ye-ILSI, etholwe isicelo samarekhodi womphakathi, iphakamisa ukuthi i-ILSI ixhaswe ngomusa yimboni yezolimo. Idokhumenti eyodwa ebonakala sengathi iluhlu olukhulu lwabanikeli be-ILSI luka-2012 ikhombisa ukunikelwa okuphelele kwe- $ 2.4 million, ngemali engaphezulu kwama- $ 500,000 lilinye kusuka kwaCropLife International naseMonsanto.

"Sinokukhathazeka okukhulu ngokuthi ikomidi lizothonywa ngokungafanele yimboni yonke yezibulala-zinambuzane futhi ikakhulukazi iMonsanto - umkhiqizi omkhulu we-glyphosate emhlabeni," kusho umfelandawonye encwadini ye-WHO ngonyaka odlule.

Omunye wochwepheshe be-JMPR ngu-Alan Boobis, uprofesa we-biochemical pharmacology kanye nomqondisi weyunithi yezobuthi emkhakheni wezokwelapha e-Imperial College London. Uyilungu futhi engusihlalo odlule webhodi labaphatheli be-ILSI, iphini likamongameli we-ILSI Europe nosihlalo we-ILSI.

Elinye ilungu ngu-Angelo Moretto, uMqondisi we-International Center for Pesticides and Health Risks Prevention e "Luigi Sacco" Hospital ye-ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, eMilan, e-Italy. Umfelandawonye uthe uMoretto ubambe iqhaza kumaphrojekthi ahlukahlukene ne-ILSI futhi usebenze njengelungu lethimba elihola iphrojekthi ye-ILSI ebungozini bokuchayeka kwamakhemikhali okuxhaswe yizinkampani zezolimo ezibandakanya iMonsanto.

Omunye ngu-Aldert Piersma, usosayensi omkhulu e-National Institute for Public Health and the Environment eNetherlands kanye nomeluleki wemiklamo ye Isikhungo Sezesayensi Yezempilo Nezemvelo se-ILSI.

Kukho konke uhlu lwe-JMPR lochwepheshe lufinyelela ku-18. UJasarevic uthe uhlu lochwepheshe lukhethwa eqenjini labantu abazwakalise intshisekelo yokubandakanyeka, futhi bonke "bazimele futhi bakhethwa ngokususelwa ebuhleni babo besayensi, kanye nangolwazi lwabo emkhakheni wokuhlola ubungozi bezibulala-zinambuzane."

U-Aaron Blair, ongusosayensi osekhulile eNational Cancer Institute futhi ongusihlalo weqembu le-IARC elenza ukuhlukaniswa kwe-glyphosate, uvikele umsebenzi we-IARC ngokusekelwe ekubuyekezweni okuphelele kwesayensi. Uthe akanazinkinga angadingida ngazo maqondana nokubuyekezwa kwe-JMPR komsebenzi we-IARC.

"Nginesiqiniseko sokuthi ukuhlolwa kweqembu elihlangene le-FAO / WHO kuzokwenza izizathu zokuhlolwa kwazo zicace, nokuyinto ebaluleke kakhulu kwabezindaba nasemphakathini," esho.

Umhlaba ulindile.