Ithonya lobumbano eNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan: USolwazi Peter Phillips nemfihlo yakhe "ilungelo lokwazi uchungechunge"

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zamakhasi emibhalo yangaphakathi etholwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi ngokusebenzisa amarekhodi omphakathi izicelo ziveza ubudlelwano obuseduze - futhi obuyimfihlo - obuphakathi kweMonsanto, amaqembu ayo e-PR, neqembu losolwazi abagqugquzela ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides. Kwesinye isibonelo, uphenyo lwaveza imininingwane ngomsebenzi kaMonsanto UPeter WB Phillips, USolwazi Ohloniphekile e UJohnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, ENyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan.

Izambulo zazibandakanya ubufakazi bokuthi abasebenzi baseMonsanto kunikezwe futhi kwahlelwa iphepha elibhalwe nguPhillips, futhi wabamba iqhaza kwi "uchungechunge" oluvaliwe emphakathini UPhillips uhlele e-U of S ukuxoxa ngezinselelo zokubonisa ngale mayelana nobudlelwano bemboni. Le micimbi iphakamise ukukhathazeka ngethonya lemboni kule nyuvesi exhaswe nguhulumeni, futhi yagqugquzela amanye amalungu obuhlakani nabanye ukuba baqalise inselelo yezomthetho ukuzama ukuthola umbhalo othi "ilungelo lokwazi uchungechunge".

Leli phepha linikeza isizinda ngale micimbi, kanye nemibhalo evela ekuphonselweni inselelo kwezomthetho kanye nophenyo lwamarekhodi omphakathi. I-U of S ithe ibukeze umsebenzi kaPhillips ngokwesimo senqubomgomo yokuziphatha eyunivesithi. Ngenxa yalokhu, uPhillips "wakhululwa kunoma yikuphi ukungalungi," ngokusho kweCBC News.

Ukufakwa kwezindaba

Ukusebenzisana kweMonsanto kwakungekho ukubonakala  

Imibhalo etholwe ngamarekhodi omphakathi icela ama-imeyili achaza omunye umsebenzi kaPhillips neMonsanto. Okulandelayo ukubuka konke okutholakele nemisebenzi ephathelene nemibhalo.

Ngo-2014, umphathi wezindaba zesayensi yomhlaba wonke waseMonsanto u-Eric Sachs waqasha uPhillips nabanye oprofesa abayisithupha ukuba babhale izincazelo zenqubomgomo ngama-GMO. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi abasebenzi baseMonsanto izihloko eziphakanyisiwe nezinhlaka amaphepha, kuhlelwe umsebenzi kaPhillips, wahlanganyela nenkampani ye-PR, futhi wahlela ukuba kukhishwe amaphepha futhi iphakanyiswe nge Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project iwebhusayithi, okwenziwe akukhulunywa yendima kaMonsanto. UPhillips utshele i-CBC akakaze athathe inkokhelo kuMonsanto futhi ume ngemuva kwanoma yikuphi ukubhala negama lakhe.

Ngo-2015, uPhillips bameme abasebenzi baseMonsanto, izimboni ezibalulekile ze-PR, khetha abasebenzi be-faculty nabaseyunivesithi ku "Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know" e-U of S ukuxoxa ngenkululeko yemithetho yolwazi kanye nemithelela yokubambisana kwezimboni nezifundo. Uhlu lwezimemo lwakhiwe ngo ukubonisana no UCami Ryan waseMonsanto. Umcimbi uvaliwe emphakathini kanti inyuvesi yenqabile ukukhipha imininingwane ngawo.

Ngo-2017, iqembu elizibiza nge-Academic Integrity Legal Group, elinamalungu obuhlakani nabanye abaxhumene no-U of S, lazama ukuthola lo mbhalo kodwa lathi “babhaliswa yinyuvesi.” Ukuphindaphinda okunzima, cishe I-85% yombhalo kumnyama, "khombisa ukufihla ngenhloso," i iqembu labhala esicelweni somphakathi okuqoqe amasiginesha angaphezu kuka-1,800 XNUMX.

Ingxenye yombhalo obhalwe kabusha ovela ku- “Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know”

Icala lombhalo oqoshiwe libuyekezwe nguRon Kruzeniski, uKhomishani Wezokwaziswa Nobumfihlo waseSaskatchewan. NgoJuni 2018 Umbiko, uKruzeniski uthe inyuvesi ayisebenzisi ngendlela efanele umthetho wamarekhodi womphakathi futhi wancoma ukuthi kukhishwe ingxenye enkulu yombhalo. Inyuvesi yenqabile ukuyinikeza, nokwadala inselelo yezomthetho evela ku-D'Arcy Hande, umgcini wezinto zakudala osethathe umhlalaphansi e-U of S, egameni leqembu le-Academic Integrity. Inselelo yezomthetho, i-US Right to Know isize ukuyikhokhela, ayiphumelelanga, lapho inkantolo ikhiphe isinqumo sokuthi “kube nomthetho oyisisekelo wochungechunge olumise imfihlo.”

UHande uthe enkulumweni yakhe wathi lolu chungechunge lubonakale luyingxoxo engagunci mayelana nokuthi ungakulawula kanjani lokhu kulandisa, kunokuphendula izikhalazo, ngokusebenzisana nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane nale nyuvesi. Ngenxa yokuthi u-U of S uxhaswe umphakathi, ukholwa wukuthi umphakathi unelungelo lokwazi ukuthi kuxoxwe ngani.

“Kufana neklabhu yabafana endala.”

Isinqumo senkantolo siyamayelana, kusho uHande, ngenxa yokugcizelela kwakho ukusetshenziswa kweChatham House Rule (an isivumelwano esingahlelekile esetshenziselwa ukusiza izingxoxo zamahhala zezihloko ezibucayi) njengesizathu sokuthi imininingwane kufanele ihlale iyimfihlo. "Ukuthi ijaji licabange ukuthi kufanelekile ukuthi inyuvesi kawonkewonke ihlangane nabamele imboni embonini yomphakathi ukuze bakhulume ngokukhululeka ngaphandle kwezidingo zokubeka obala ngaphansi komthetho iChatham House Rule, kuyethusa impela lokho," kusho uHande. “Kufana neklabhu yabafana endala.” 

Imibhalo 

Umbhalo owenziwe kabusha we-U of S “Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know” 

Buyekeza Umbiko 298-2017 Ihhovisi Lokhomishani Wezokwaziswa Nobumfihlo Saskatchewan

Isikhalazo somphakathi esivela eQenjini Lezomthetho Lobuqotho

IGceke leNdlovukazi yaseNdlovukazi Isahlulelo, Hande vs U ka-S

Ama-imeyili ahlobene nochungechunge

Imema abalingani bezimboni ze-PR ku-U of S (Okthoba 2015). UPhillips uchaze inhloso yakhe yokuhlela uchungechunge mayelana nokuvakasha kuka UJon Entine (Iphrojekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo) futhi USolwazi Kevin Folta wase-University of Florida (abavikeli ababili abakhulu bama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane abasebenzisane kakhulu namaqembu ezimboni ngenkathi bethi bazimele). UPhillips ubhalele u-Entine noFolta: “Ngesikhathi ngizwa ukuthi nobabili nizobe senisedolobheni, kwabonakala kuyithuba elihle ukubiza isimpoziyamu encane yocwaningo ukuze kuxoxwe ngenhlangano ye-RTK [ilungelo lokwazi] kanye nomphumela wayo ongaba khona ekubambisaneni kwezimboni nezifundo. ”

Ingemuva, i-ajenda, abakhona (Novemba 2015). UPhillips uthumele i-imeyili i-Entine, i-Folta, abasebenzi ababili beMonsanto nabanye abachaza isidingo sokuhlangana ukuze kuxoxiswane ngokuhlolwa okwengeziwe kokubambisana kwezimboni nezifundo. Amagama iningi labamenyiwe nababekhona okungewona u-U we-S acishiwe.

IMonsanto iphakamisa abamenyiwe (Novemba 2015). UCami Ryan weMonsanto wenze iziphakamiso zohlu lwezimemo.

Ama-imeyili aphathelene namaphepha e-Monsanto / Genetic Literacy Project 

IMonsanto yabelwa amaphepha (Agasti 2013). U-Eric Sachs waseMonsanto ubhalele iqembu losolwazi okubandakanya uPhillips, “Sengiqale umsebenzi obalulekile wokukhiqiza uchungechunge lwemibhalo emifushane yenqubomgomo ngezihloko ezibalulekile enkundleni yezolimo ye-biotechnology… izihloko zikhethwe ngenxa yethonya lazo kumgomo womphakathi, isivuno seGM umthetho nokwamukelwa kwabathengi. ” Ucele uPhillips ukuthi abhale ngokuthi "umthetho osindayo" wama-GMO "uvimba kanjani lokhu okusha… okubalulekile ekusizeni ukwesekwa kokudla emhlabeni jikelele."

Isicelo esiphuthumayo sikaMonsanto sokuqhubekela phambili (Septhemba 9, 2014). AbakwaSachs bathumele i-imeyili kuPhillips ukumnxusa ukuthi abuyekeze ukuhlela okuphakanyisiwe ephepheni lakhe. "Le projekthi isendleleni enamandla manje," kubhala uSachs. Uchaze isu "lokuxhumanisa 'imibono' yomlobi kusuka kulolu chungechunge lwamafushane empikiswaneni ngezitshalo ze-GM nokudla esikholwa ukuthi kuzodalwa emasontweni azayo ngumbiko omusha wePhaneli yeNRC ngezitshalo ze-GM. Ngesonto elizayo kungokokuqala ngqa kokulalelwa kwezimvo zomphakathi e-US NAS [National Academy of Sciences] eWashington futhi kuzobonakala ukuthi ngubani ongomunye wabagxeki bezitshalo ze-GM abazofakaza. ” AbakwaSachs baqaphele ukuthi iGenetic Literacy Project “manje iyisikhungo esiyinhloko” samaphepha futhi “ibisakha uhlelo lokuthengisa” ngosizo lwenkampani yePR.

IMonsanto iphakamise ukuhlela (Septhemba 18, 2014). UPhillips uxoxe ngenqubekela phambili yakhe efaka ukuhlelwa kanye nezinguquko ezisuka kuCons Ryan kaMonsanto kumbhalo wakhe wenqubomgomo.

I-PR firm yabela amashejuli (Agasti 2013). UBeth Ann Mumford we-CMA Consulting, inkampani ye-PR esebenza noMonsanto, uxoxe ngamashejuli nezinsuku zokugcina neziprofesa. (I-CMA, eseqanjwe kabusha igama Bheka eMpumalanga, iphethwe nguCharlie Arnot, oyi-CEO embonini yezokudla exhaswa ngemali spin group Isikhungo Sokuqina Kokudla.)

Akukho ukudalulwa kwendima kaMonsanto (Disemba 11, 2014). Iphepha lePhillips, elinesihloko esithi "Imiphumela Yezomnotho Yemithethonqubo Yezilimo Zezakhi Zomzimba" lishicilelwa yi-Genetic Literacy Project kungadalulwa indima kaMonsanto.

Uxhaso lwezinkampani

Yize uPhillips ethe akatholi mali eqondile ezinkampanini, ucwaningo lwakhe lubonakala luthola ukwesekwa okuthile kwezamabhizinisi. IGlobal Institute for Food Security (GIFS), a isikhungo sokucwaninga esixhaswe yi uHulumeni we ISaskatchewan, iNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan neNutrien, inkampani kamanyolo, ibala iPhillips phakathi kwayo abacwaningi abaxhumene. Ngokusho kukaPhillips ikhasi lobuhlakani, imali yakhe yakamuva yocwaningo ihilela ukusebenzisana noStuart Smyth, usolwazi osebenza e-U of S ophethe iSihlalo Esicwaninga Ngezimboni Esikhokhelwa yi-Agri-Food Innovation. Lokho isikhundla sixhaswe ngu IBayer CropScience Canada, iCropLife Canada, iMonsanto Canada, iSaskatchewan Canola Development Commission kanye neSyngenta Canada.

Izimali zikaPhillips ziphawula ubudlelwano obubili neSmyth: $ 675,000 for a “IZIPHO-CSIP Strategic Partnership ”kanye“ nokuvuselela izimali zoMsebenzi Wokulondolozwa Kwesayensi Yezenhlalo njengengxenye Yezinhlelo Zokuklama Zokuphepha Kokudla Komhlaba Wonke, amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-37.5 ”avela eCanada First Research Excellence Fund Program (enebhajethi eyi- $ 1.31 million). Lesi sakamuva yi- iphrojekthi exhaswa ngumphakathi iyaqhubeka i-GIFS, ubambiswano lukahulumeni nezinkampani ezizimele ezibandakanya i-U of S, uhulumeni wasekhaya kanye nenkampani kamanyolo iNutrien (phambilini eyayiyiPotash Corp) ikhangisa imikhiqizo yayo njengoba kudingekile ekutholakaleni kokudla.

Imininingwane ehlobene  

  • Imboni yezolimo izibopho nokuxhaswa kukaStuart Smyth, Usihlalo Wocwaningo Oxhaswa Ngezimboni e-Agri-Food Innovation e-University of Saskatchewan, e-US Right to Know sheet sheet (6.1.20)
  • Boston Globe: UProfesa waseHarvard Wehlulekile Ukudalula Ukuxhumana KweMonsanto ku-Paper Touting GMOs, nguLaura Krantz
  • Umama Jones: Lawa ma-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uMonsanto uncike kothisha ukuze balwe nempi ye-GMO PR, nguTom Philpott
  • I-Bloomberg: I-Monsanto Yazihlanganisa Kanjani Izifundiswa Ukuba Zibhale Amaphepha Asekela Ama-GMO, kaJack Kaskey
  • Ingobo yomlando yemboni yamakhemikhali ye-UCSF iqukethe imibhalo engama-59 ebandakanya ukuxhumana kwePhillips nezimboni kanye nabalingani bemboni. Le mibhalo iyingxenye yomkhakha wezolimo iqoqo linikelwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi.

Quotes  

"Inyuvesi yethu akumele isebenze njengesiteshi sikasheleni yezinhloso zezinkampani futhi iphikisane nendelelo kaKhomishani Wezokwazisa Nobumfihlo esifundazweni… izincomo zayo eziphikisana nokuziqhenya okukhulu enkantolo."

Len Findlay, UProfesa Ohloniphekile U-Emeritus, U we-S (I-LTE, Isithungu)

Isinqumo senkantolo “siqinisa ukuvikelwa kwenkululeko yokufunda kanye nokuba ngasese. Inkululeko yokufunda ifaka amandla amalungu eyunivesithi yethu ukuthi aqhubeke nocwaningo nemibono - ngisho naleyo enempikiswano noma engathandeki - ngaphandle kokwesaba ukuphazanyiswa. ”

UKaren Chad, u-U we-S usekela-mongameli wocwaningo (Isithungu)

"Ngicabanga ukuthi iningi lezazi zokuziphatha zizoba nenkinga ngobudlelwano obuqinile [bukaPhillips] neMonsanto."

Umxhumanisi weSaskatoon uSteven Lewis, Umbhali osebenza naye ocashunwe kabanzi
I-athikili yeCanada Medical Association Journal mayelana
ubudlelwano beyunivesithi nezimboni (CBC)

“Ngishaqekile ngoba [ithonya lezinkampani emanyuvesi omphakathi] libonakala liba limbi ngokwengeziwe. Kunenkinga yangempela lapha. ”

U-profesa wezemfundo ka-S uWoward Woodhouse,
umbhali we Ukuthengisa: Inkululeko Yezemfundo kanye Nemakethe Yenkampani (CBC)

“Sikhuthaza ubuhlakani bethu ukuthi bahumushele ulwazi lwabo ezinkundleni zemigomo. Yilokho kanye uProf. Phillips akwenzile. ”

UJeremy Rayner, owayengumqondisi, uJohnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy (CBC)

Izibopho zomkhakha wezolimo zikaStuart Smyth nezimali

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UStuart Smyth, PhD, ukhuthaza futhi avikele ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane njengoprofesa osebenzisana naye eMnyangweni Wezolimo Nezinsizakusebenza eNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan. Kusukela ngo-2014, ubephethe uSihlalo Wocwaningo Oxhaswa Ngezimboni e-Agri-Food Innovation.

Imali yezimboni

Abaxhasi (abachazwe ngokuthi "Ozakwethu abatshala imali") kwesikhundla sikasihlalo wocwaningo lukaSmyth kufaka iBayer CropScience Canada, iCropLife Canada, iMonsanto Canada, iSaskatchewan Canola Development Commission (SaskCanola) neSyngenta Canada. Ngokusho kwe- U yewebhusayithi ye-S, "Inhloso yalo Sihlalo ukubhekana nezinkinga maqondana nokusetshenziswa kwemithetho njengezithiyo zokuhweba zamazwe omhlaba ezinamathuba amakhulu okuba nomthelela omubi ekuvikelekeni kokudla ngokuvimba abalimi bezwe abasathuthuka ekutholeni amathuluzi ahlukahlukene agcwele. Ucwaningo olwenziwe kuSihlalo luzohlinzeka le mboni ngocwaningo kusuka kokungathathi hlangothi, kepha oluzobamba izintshisekelo zemboni njengezihamba phambili. ” Izinkampani ezixhasa ngemali zihlala esihlalweniIkomidi Eleluleka Ababambiqhaza”Kusungulwe" ukuhlinzeka ukugeleza kwezindlela ezimbili zolwazi, ukuqonda kanye nempendulo phakathi kukasihlalo nabalingani abatshala imali. "

Ucwaningo lukahulumeni nolwangasese

Ucwaningo lukaDkt Smyth lugxile “ekusimameni, ezolimo, emisha kanye nokudla.” Ku-2015, wayeyingxenye yeqembu elikhulu lososayensi e-U of S abathole u- $ 37 wezigidi ku- Isikhwama Sokucwaninga Sokuqala saseCanada, uhlelo lwesibonelelo sikahulumeni, oluhlose ukuklama izitshalo ukuze “kuthuthukiswe ukuphepha kokudla emhlabeni wonke.” I- amaqembu ocwaningo asebenza ngaphansi kobuholi be i-Global Institute for Food Security (GIFS), a ukusebenzisana komphakathi nezizimele okubandakanya iNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan, uHulumeni waseSaskatchewan noNutrien, ongomunye wabakhiqizi abakhulu bemikhiqizo kamanyolo. Ngaphansi kwesiqubulo esithi "ukondla ikusasa," uNutrien imaketha imikhiqizo yayo yamakhemikhali njengokubaluleke kakhulu ekuvikelekeni kokudla.

Umnikelo waminyaka yonke ovela eMonsanto

Ku-imeyili kaMeyi 13, 2016, UMqondisi Wezindaba Zomphakathi Nezimboni eMonsanto Canada ucele uDkt Smyth ukuthi athumele i-invoice "yomnikelo walo nyaka" wokuxhaswa kohlelo.

Ukusebenzisana kwemboni

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know akhombisa ukuthi uDkt Smyth uhlanganyele kanjani ekuthumeleni imiyalezo nezinkampani zezolimo kanye nabalingani bemboni.

Ukuhlazisa i-IARC: Ku-imeyili kaMeyi 2016, UDkt. Smyth wazise abasebenzi baseMonsanto ukuthi ufake isicelo semininingwane kwi-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ukuthola isethulo esinikezwe nguChris Portier, usosayensi weqembu elisebenzayo le-IARC elithole ukuthi i-glyphosate iyingozi yomdlavuza womuntu. Imibhalo yangaphakathi futhi imboni yezokuxhumana khombisa ukuthi isu elibalulekile likaMonsanto lokuvikela i-glyphosate kwakungukuthi ukuhlasela okuhlasela i-IARC, futhi ikakhulukazi uDkt Portier.

Ku-imeyili eya kuMonsanto, uDkt. Smyth uthe ulindele ukuthi imininingwane azama ukuyithola ingahlinzeka "ngezizathu ezisobala zokungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo kanye nokungabi sobala." Uxhumanise ne-blog yi- "Risk Monger" (UDavid Zaruk, owayekade eyi-pesticide umkhakha we-lobbyist) esola ukungaziphathi kahle e-IARC futhi efuna ukuhoxiswa kombiko wayo we-glyphosate. KuTwitter, uDkt Smyth ucele ohulumeni bamazwe ukuthi bayeke ukuxhasa i-WHO ejensi yocwaningo lomdlavuza.

Ukunikela ngamaslayidi eMonsanto ukuze ahlelwe: Phakathi ku Novemba 2016 i-imeyili, UDkt. Smyth ubuze abasebenzi baseMonsanto ukuthi ngabe baneziphakamiso zokuthuthuka yini kuma-slides akhe okusalungiswa ukuze bethulwe emhlanganweni we-Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture. IICA ukubambisana we-Microsoft, Bayer, Corteva Agrisciences (DowDuPont) kanye ne-Costa Rica Ministry of Science ukukhuthaza ezobuchwepheshe njengesixazululo sokuthuthukiswa kwezolimo ezindaweni zasemakhaya.

Ukunikezwa kwephrojekthi ye-BASF / CropLife: In Februwari 2016 ama-imeyili, Umqondisi Wezebhizinisi we-BASF Wezokuvikelwa Kwezitshalo wafinyelela kuDkt Smyth ukuze baxoxe “ngeprojekthi encane esisebenza kuyo ngaphakathi kweCropLife Canada engingathanda ukuyifunda nawe.” UDkt. Smyth uvumile ukusetha umhlangano futhi uqaphele ukuthi "useBerlin ukuzokhuluma engqungqutheleni yokuphepha kokudla mayelana nezingozi zokudla ukudla okuphilayo nokuthi imboni yezimboni idinga ukwethembeka kanjani kubathengi mayelana nokuthi ukudla okuphilayo kukhiqizwa kanjani."

Ukukhuthaza ama-GMO kubathengi bokudla: Ngo-Agasti 2016, UCami Ryan waseMonsanto wazise uDkt.Smyth ukuthi wamphakamisela indawo yokukhuluma engqungqutheleni ezoxoxa ngemiphumela yokususa noma ukusebenzisa ama-GMO amancane esixukwini sabakhiqizi bokudla, abathengi abakhulu bokudla kanye namabhange okutshala imali.

Ukukhetha ukuphuma ku-biosafety: Ku-imeyili kaJulayi 2016 shintshanisa nombhali ovela ku- Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (iqembu eliphambili elixhaswe ngezimboni), uDkt. Smyth uxoxe ngesethulo ayesenzile mayelana nokuvikeleka kokudla emhlabeni wonke "ethi iCanada kanye ne-US badinga ukusiza amazwe ukuthi aphume Esivumelwaneni seCagagena mayelana ne-Biosafety nokuthi sidinga ukubiyela iYurophu ukuhweba ngezimpahla zomhlaba wonke. ”

Izingxabano ezingachazwanga

UDkt Smyth kanye neNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan badalula kuwebhusayithi ukuthi isikhundla sikaSihlalo sikaDkt Smyth sithola uxhaso lwezimboni zezolimo, kepha uDkt Smyth akahlali edalula imali yakhe yezimboni emaphepheni akhe ezifundo nasekuxhumaneni nomphakathi.

Kusuka a Iphepha le-2020 wabhala ngokubambisana ngemithethonqubo ye-biotechnology: "Sifisa ukuqinisekisa ukuthi azikho izingxabano ezaziwayo ezithinta le ncwadi"

Enye Iphepha le-2020 wabhala ngokubambisana ngokuphepha kokudla kanye nokuhlolwa kobungozi: "Ababhali baveza ukuthi abanazintshisekelo zezimali ezincintisanayo noma ubudlelwano bomuntu siqu obekungabonakala kuthonya umsebenzi obikwe kuleli phepha."

Phakathi ku Iphepha le-2019 enesihloko esithi, "Impilo yabantu iyazuza ezitshalweni ze-GM," kubhala uDkt. Smyth, "Angimemezeli ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo."

A Iphepha le-2018 kwiNew Phytologist Trust imemezele ukuthi "Azikho izingxabano ezingaba khona zentshisekelo ezidaluliwe."

A Iphepha le-2018 eFrontiers in Plant Science ithi, "Ababhali baveza ukuthi ucwaningo lwenziwa bungekho ubudlelwano bezohwebo noma bezezimali obungathathwa njengokuphikisana kwezintshisekelo okungaba khona."

Abezindaba abahlale bedalula uxhaso lwezimboni lukaDkt Smyth. Ngo-Mashi 2019, ngemuva nje kokuthi ijaji lomfelandawonye linikeze u- $ 80 wezigidi isisulu somdlavuza esidalulwe ku-Mousanto's glyphosate-based Roundup herbicide, uDkt. Smyth kuphikisana neNewsweek leyo glyphosate akufanele ivinjelwe. I-Newsweek yehlulekile ukudalula ukuxhumana kwezimboni kukaSmyth nombhali wakhe, UHenry I. Miller, kodwa kamuva wavuma ukuthi “ukuxhumana kwabo nemboni yezolimo kanye neMonsanto kwakufanele kudalulwe.”

Imiyalezo yezimboni

UDkt Smyth ukhiqiza ukusakazeka okungaguquki kwamabhulogi, ukubonakala kwemidiya kanye okuthunyelwe kwezokuxhumana ukugqugquzela nokuvikela imikhiqizo yezolimo nokuphikisana nemithetho. Ku-his Ibhulogi le-SaiFood, UDkt.Smyth uthinta izinzuzo zemfundiso yezitshalo ze-GMO futhi akhuthaze i-glyphosate njengoba kudingeka futhi iphephile, kwesinye isikhathi esebenzisa izinhlolovo zabafundi njengohlaka lokukhuthaza ukubukwa kwemboni.

Ibhulogi iyona moto eyinhloko yokuxhumana uDkt Smyth eyakhelwe isikhundla sakhe sikasihlalo wocwaningo, ngokusho kwenothi yokubonga wathumela eMonsanto, eSyngenta naseBayer ngoNovemba 2016, ebazisa ukuthi ibhulogi yakhe ivotelwe njengenye yamabhulogi angama-50 aphezulu eNyakatho Melika. "Ngaphandle kokwesekwa kwakho kulolu cwaningo, akukho kulokhu obekuzokwenzeka," kubhala uDkt Smyth.

Ku-Twitter, uDkt Smyth ukhuthaza ababhali be-PR bezimboni namaqembu aphambili embonini njenge Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo nokuhlaselwa njalo ama-NGO ezemvelo futhi umkhakha wezinto eziphilayo. Uye wathi, ngokwesibonelo, ukuthi "ubuthi bemvelo bamakhemikhali emvelo ephakeme kakhulu kunaleyo yezimboni, ”Nokuthi,“ Ukudla okungokwemvelo akunakwethenjwa noma kuphi, kungukudla kungenzeka ukubabulala labo ngubani odlayo. ”

Imininingwane engaphezulu ngobudlelwano bomphakathi obuhlangene

Ngeminye imininingwane yokuthi izinkampani zezolimo zixhasa kanjani izinhlelo ezahlukahlukene eCanada ukukhuthaza ukwamukelwa komphakathi kwezimbewu nezakhi zezolimo ezenziwe ngobunjiniyela, bheka lokhu okuthunyelwe ICanada Biotechnology Action Network ku-Corporate Public Relations.

INewsweek Ithola Imali Yesikhangiso kwaBayer, Iphrinta Ama-Op-Eds Asiza iBayer

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

INewsweek yehlulekile ukudalula ukuxhuma kwemboni yamakhemikhali yabalobi ababili bemibono abaphikisana namuhla ku i-op-ed leyo glyphosate ayikwazi ukulawulwa. Ukuphawula kukaHenry I. Miller noStuart Smyth, bobabili abanobudlelwano neMonsanto obungadalulwanga kulesi siqephu, kwavela kungekudala ngemuva kokuthi ijaji lesifundazwe linikeze isisulu somdlavuza u-Edwin Hardeman isinqumo esiyizigidi ezingama- $ 80 ngokumelene neMonsanto (manje osenguBayer), futhi wathi i-glyphosate-based Roundup herbicide yenkampani "iyinto ebaluleke kakhulu" ekubangeleni umdlavuza kaHardeman.

Ngonyaka odlule, sakhononda kumhleli wemibono weNewsweek mayelana nodokotela owaxoshwa uDkt ngokuya ngemithombo yomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane futhi akazange adalule izibopho zikaMiller's Monsanto. Bona okwethu ukushintshaniswa kwe-imeyili okuyinqaba nomhleli, uNicholas Wapshott, lapho enqabile ukwazisa abafundi ngokushayisana kwezintshisekelo. Wapshott unjalo akusenjalo kwaNewsweek, kepha ukuhlaselwa kokudla kukaMiller okuphilayo kusekhona ivela lapho, futhi namuhla bekuzungezwe yizikhangiso zeBayer ezikhuthaza i-glyphosate.

Izikhangiso zeBayer ezungeze ukuhlaselwa kukaDkt. Miller 2018 kokudla okuphilayo - Mashi 28, 2019

Namuhla i-op-ed kwiNewsweek, lapho uMiller noSmyth bavikela khona iMonsanto neRoundup, banikeze lawa ma-bios: UStuart J. Smyth unguprofesa eMnyangweni Wezomnotho Nezolimo futhi uphethe uSihlalo Wocwaningo Oxhaswa Ngezimboni e-Agri-Food Innovation e-University of Saskatchewan. UHenry I. Miller, udokotela kanye nesayensi yezinto eziphilayo zamangqamuzana, ungoMuntu Ophakeme ePacific Research Institute. Wayengumqondisi owasungula iHhovisi Le-Biotechnology e-US Food & Drug Administration.

Nakhu iNewsweek engazange ikudalule kubafundi bayo ngabalobi:

Izibopho zikaHenry Miller's Monsanto:

Izibopho zikaStuart Smyth's Monsanto:

  • UDkt Smyth ubuye abambisane nemboni yezolimo kumaphrojekthi we-PR, ngokusho kuka ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know futhi yashicilelwa ku-UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Archive.
  • Ama-imeyili asuka ku-2016 akhombise ukuthi uDkt Smyth uthola "ukwesekwa kohlelo" okuvela eMonsanto. I-imeyili evela kuMqondisi Wezindaba Zomphakathi Nezimboni eMonsanto Canada icela uDkt Smyth ukuthi athumele “irisidi yomnikelo walo nyaka.”

INewsweek inesibopho sokwazisa abafundi bayo ngokuxhumana kwababhali bemithombo yamakhemikhali nemithombo abaphikisana neNewsweek ngokuphepha kanye nesidingo semithi yokubulala izinambuzane exhumene nomdlavuza.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

UJay Byrne: Hlangana noMuntu Olandela Umshini We-Monsanto PR

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

OwayenguMqondisi Wezokuxhumana Kwamabhizinisi uMonsanto uJay Byrne, umongameli wenkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi v-Amandla, ungumdlali oyinhloko kufayela le- i-covert inkulumo-ze nemikhankaso yokunxenxa izinkampani zezolimo ezinkulu kakhulu emhlabeni. Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know, kuthunyelwe ku-UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Archive, yembula uhla lwamasu akhohlisayo uByrne nabanye ababambisene nabo embonini abasebenzisayo ukukhuthaza nokuvikela ukudla kwe-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Izibonelo lapha zibonisa ezinye zezindlela izinkampani ezihambisa ngazo imiyalezo yazo enkundleni yomphakathi zisuka ngemuva kwesembozo samaqembu angaphambi kokuzwakala, abasizi bakahulumeni kanye nezifundiswa ezibonakala zizimele njengoba zisebenza nezinkampani noma ababonisi babo be-PR.

Amaklayenti: izinkampani eziphezulu zezolimo, ezolimo kanye nezinkampani zezidakamizwa 

KaByrne uhlu lwamakhasimende ifake phakathi uhla lwamabhizinisi amakhulu ezolimo kanye nezinkampani ezenza imithi namaqembu amabhizinisi, kufaka phakathi i-American Chemistry Council, iSyngenta, i-AstraZeneca, iMonsanto, iPfizer, i-American Farm Bureau, iNational Corn Growers Association, iGrocery Manufacturers Association, iRohm neHaas kanye nemboni yokubulala izinambuzane. iqembu lokuhweba iCropLife.

I-International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), ekhuthaza ukwenziwa kwezakhi zofuzo “iGolden Rice,” nayo iyiklayenti. Byrne ubambe iqhaza emizameni ye-PR yokuhlasela iGreenpeace nabanye abagxeka ilayisi le-GMO. Bheka nomtapo wolwazi wamakhompiyutha we-UCSF wabaningi amadokhumende afaka i-IRRI.

Kuphekwe iqembu eliphambili lezemfundo ukuze lihlasele abagxeki beMonsanto

Isu elisemqoka lomkhakha wezolimo, njenge I-New York Times ibike, ngukutshala osolwazi “besigqoko esimhlophe” ukulwa izimpi zomkhakha we-PR kanye nokunxenxa izimpi zisemuva kwesembozo "sokungakhethi kanye nesisindo segunya eliza nozalo loprofesa."

NgoMashi 2010, uByrne kanye noProfesa waseYunivesithi yase-Illinois UBruce Chassy uxoxe ngokusungula iqembu eliphambili elibizwa nge- "Academics Review" elingaheha iminikelo evela ezinkampanini ngenkathi libonakala lizimele. U-Byrne waqhathanisa lo mqondo nesikhungo senkululeko yabathengi (iqembu langaphambili eliqhutshwa udumo olubi inkulumo-ze yenkampani indoda engaphambili uRick Berman), okuthe “kwangena kulokhu ngokweqile; futhi ngicabanga ukuthi sinomqondo ongcono kakhulu. ” U-Byrne uchaze “uhla 'lwamathuba' anezinhloso” abangalulandela. UByrne wabhalela uDkt Chassy:

Wonke lawo maqembu, abantu kanye nezindawo zezihloko "kusho imali yezinhlangano zezinkampani ezithende kahle," kubhala uByrne. Uthe yena futhi UVal Giddings, PhD, owayeyisekela likamongameli weqembu lebhizinisi le-biotech i-BIO, ingasebenza "njengezimoto zokuhweba" zezifundiswa.

Ngo-November 2010, UByrne wabhalela uChassy Futhi, "Kuzoba kuhle ukuthola isigaba esilandelayo somsebenzi ekubuyekezweni kwe-Academics - sinezinga elihamba kancane eliqhamuka ngonyaka ka-2011 uma ibhizinisi lisafana." U-Byrne unikeze “ukuhlela isikhathi esithile sokwenza i-pro bono search engine optimization” ”ukuze iqembu lakhe libhekane nethonya lomgxeki we-GMO online. U-Byrne uphethe i-imeyili, "Njengenjwayelo, ngingathanda ukuthola isihloko esilandelayo (futhi sixhase) ukukhulisa lokhu ngenkathi sikwazi."

Ngo-2014, i-Academics Review yakhipha i- kubika ukuhlasela imboni ephilayo njengomkhonyovu wokumaketha; ezintweni zalo zokumaketha zombiko, i-Academics Review ithi izimele futhi ayizange iveze ukuxhaswa kwayo embonini yezolimo.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

"Imiklamo kahulumeni wase-US-GLP-Byrne" yokuthwebula izintatheli

Ukunxenxa kukaByrne nokusebenza kwe-PR kweGMO kanye nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane kuhlangana ezindaweni eziningi nomsebenzi we UJon Entine, omunye umuntu osemqoka emikhankasweni yokuvikela umkhakha wezolimo. U-Entine uqondisa i-Genetic Literacy Project, ayisungula ngo-2011 ngesikhathi iMonsanto isiyi- iklayenti lenkampani yakhe ye-PR. (I-Entine's PR firm ESG MediaMetrics ibhale iMonsanto njengekhasimende kuwebhusayithi yayo ku 2010, 2011, 2012 kuze kufike kuJanuwari 2013, ngokusho kwezinqolobane ze-inthanethi zisatholakala online.)

Ngo-December 2013, U-Entine ubhalele uMax T. Holtzman, owayeyibamba lesekela likanobhala ngaphansi koMnyango Wezolimo e-US, ukuze aphakamise ukusebenzisana ochungechungeni lwezinto azichaza ngokuthi “yimisebenzi kahulumeni wase-US-GLP-Byrne” ukukhuthaza ama-GMO. U-Entine ubhalele uHoltzman:

Isiphakamiso sika-Entine “Uhulumeni wase-US-GLP-Byrne”Amaphrojekthi afaka phakathi“ Ithimba leBoot Camp ne-Response Swat Team ”ukulungiselela izifundiswa ezivela eceleni ukuthi“ zibambe iqhaza ekushayweni komthetho ezindlebeni [ze-GMO] nakwezinye izindaba ezihlobene nazo, ”“ umhlangano wobuntatheli ”ukuqinisa ukusakazwa kwabezindaba mayelana nezinselelo zokuphepha kokudla kanye“ nokuhlinzeka ngoqeqesho kwizintatheli ezisencane, ”umkhankaso wokufinyelela kwabezindaba emhlabeni wonke wokukhuthaza ukwamukelwa kwe-biotechnology, kanye" nokuqukethwe kwemidiya eminingi nokubekwa okuvela emithonjeni ethembekile "kuqinisa izingqikithi ezibalulekile" ngamasegmenti nemibhalo etholakalayo etholakala kumawebhusayithi kahulumeni wase-US, i-GLP namanye amapulatifomu. "

UHoltzman uphendule, “Ngiyabonga Jon. Bekukuhle ukuhlangana nawe futhi. Ngicabanga ukuthi uhlaka lwakho olungezansi luhlinzeka ngamaphoyinti ezimpambanweni zemvelo lapho imiyalezo ye-usda / USG nemizamo yakho ihlangana kahle. Ngingathanda ukuqhubekisela phambili futhi ngixegise abanye abantu lapha e-usda hhayi nje kuphela abavela ezindaweni zobuchwepheshe / ezentengiselwano kodwa nasezitolo zethu zokuxhumana. ”

Amavidiyo aqondiswe ngabakhokhi bentela, aqondaniswe neMonsanto ukukhuthaza ama-GMO

Uchungechunge lwabakhokhi bentela oluxhaswe ngemali videos okwakhiqizwa ngo-2012 ukukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kunikeza esinye isibonelo sendlela izifundiswa namanyuvesi abephusha ngayo imiyalezo ehambisana nezinkampani. Inkampani ka-Byrne i-PR v-Fluence isize ekwakheni ama-video “abeklanyelwe ukuvela njengesabelomali esincane kanye nezimfundamakhwela,” ngokusho kwe-imeyili evela kuSolwazi uBruce Chassy wase-University of Illinois.

UDkt Chassy yabhalela abasebenzi baseMonsanto ngo-Ephreli 27, 2012:

U-Eric Sachs weMonsanto uphendule wathi:

AmaSachs anikele ngokusiza ngokuthumela imiyalezo ngamavidiyo wesikhathi esizayo ngokwabelana ngemiphumela yokuhlolwa kweqembu okwakugxilwa kulo okwenziwa uMonsanto. UDkt. Chassy umeme iSachs ukuthi inikeze iziphakamiso ngezihloko zevidiyo ezizayo futhi yamcela ukuthi athumele imiphumela yeqembu lokugxila leMonsanto.

Ukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuhlela impikiswano mayelana nama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides

Ngo-2014 nango-2015, uByrne wasiza uJon Entine ukuhlela ifayili le- Izinkambu zeBiotech Literacy Project ixhaswe yizinkampani zezolimo futhi ibanjwe ngokubambisana ngamaqembu amabili angaphambili embonini, Iphrojekthi ye-Entine's Genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo KukaBruce Chassy. Abahleli bedukise bachaza uxhaso lwalemicimbi njengokuqhamuka emithonjeni yezemfundo, kahulumeni neyezimboni, kodwa i okuwukuphela komthombo wokuthola imali owawungalandeleka kwakuyimboni yezolimo, ngokusho kombiko kaPaul Thacker. Inhloso yamakamu ama-boot, kusho uThacker, "kwakuwukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuthi bahlele impikiswano ngama-GMO nangobuthi be-glyphosate."

UByrne wayeseqenjini elalihlela, kanye noCami Ryan (manje osebenzela iMonsanto) noBruce Chassy (owayethola izimali ezivela eMonsanto lokho akuzange kuvezwe obala), ngokusho kwama-imeyili avela ku- Faka futhi Ryan.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

I-Bonus Eventus: ikamelo lezokuxhumana lomkhakha wezolimo lomkhakha wezolimo

Umsebenzi obalulekile uByrne ahlinzeka ngawo emizamweni yokwenyusa yezolimo ngumphakathi wakhe "we-Bonus Eventus" onikeza izifundiswa nabanye ababambisene nabo embonini ngamaphoyinti okukhuluma namathuba wokuphromotha. Ngaphakathi imibhalo (ikhasi 9) ichaza i-Bonus Eventus ngokuthi "ingosi yokuxhumana nabantu yangasese esebenza njengendawo yokubambisana kwezokuxhumana kososayensi abathanda ezolimo, abenza izinqubomgomo nabanye ababambe iqhaza." Amalungu athola incwadi yezindaba kaByrne, kanye nokufinyelela kulabhulali yakhe eyinkomba yezihloko zebhizinisi lezolimo, "imininingwane yababambiqhaza" yabantu abanethonya empikiswaneni ye-GMO, nokuqeqeshwa nokwesekwa kokuzibandakanya kwabezindaba zenhlalo.

Izibonelo zale ncwadi zingatholakala kulokhu inqolobane yama-imeyili asuka eByrne aya kuPeter Phillips, onguprofesa wase-University of Saskatchewan oke waba egxekwa ngozakwabo ngenxa yakhe vala ubudlelwano neMonsanto. Encwadini yezindaba kaNovemba 7, 2016, uByrne unxuse uPhillips nabanye abamukeli ukuthi babelane ngokuqukethwe mayelana "namaphutha nokushiyeka" ku Indaba yeNew York Times lokho kwabika ngokwehluleka kwezitshalo ze-GMO ukukhuphula isivuno kanye nokunciphisa izibulala-zinambuzane, futhi "imibuzo ekhulayo" ebhekene neqembu lomhlaba wonke lososayensi bomdlavuza ababika ukuthi i-glyphosate yi-carcinogen mhlawumbe yabantu ehambisana nohlelo lukaMonsanto lwe-PR ihlaze iphaneli lokucwaninga ngomdlavuza. (Bheka ne- iphepha lamaqiniso likaPeter Phillip imfihlo yochungechunge "ilungelo lokwazi").

U-Byrne unxuse umphakathi we-Bonus Eventus ukuthi wabelane ngokuqukethwe ngalezi zingqikithi kubalobi abaxhumene nomkhakha, njenge UJulie Kelly, UDkt. Henry Miller, UKavin Senapathy, I-Sci Babe futhi Hank campbell we Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu leMonsanto lalikhona ukukhokha ukusiza ukwehlisa isithunzi ososayensi bomdlavuza. Ku-2017, iForbes isuse inqwaba yama-athikili kaDkt.Miller - kufaka phakathi amaningana awabhala nawo Kelly, Senapathy neByrne - ngemuva kwe- I-New York Times ibike ukuthi uDkt. Miller wayeshicilele udaba eForbes ngaphansi kwegama lakhe okwakubhalwe ngalo isipoki nguMonsanto.

Umlindisango ngokuhlaselwa kweGreenpeace

Lapho iqembu labathola izindondo zikaNobel linxusa iGreenpeace ukuba iyeke ukuphikisa irayisi elenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, kwabukeka njengomzamo ozimele. Kepha ngemuva kwekhethenisi lezimpawu ezihlaba umxhwele bekungukusizwa kwabadlali ababalulekile emkhankasweni wezokuxhumana we-PR wemboni yezolimo: UJay Byrne kanye nelungu lebhodi le-Genetic Literacy Project. Byrne bekuposwe emnyango emcimbini we-2016 National Press Club okhuthaza iqembu elibizwa Sekela i-Precision Agriculture. Uhlobo lwe-.com lwaleyo webhusayithi luqondiswe kabusha iminyaka ku-Genetic Literacy Project, iqembu langaphambili elisebenzayo neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR ngaphandle kokudalula lezo zibopho. 

Ngakho-ke ngubani okhokhele umcimbi wezindaba we-anti-Greenpeace? USir Richard Roberts, isazi samakhemikhali ezinto eziphilayo owathi wahlela incwadi yabathole umklomelo kaNobel, uchaze le ndaba kwi-FAQ kuwebhusayithi: "umkhankaso ubusungabizi kakhulu kuze kube manje," ubhale, kubandakanya iningi lomholo wakhe okhokhelwe umqashi wakhe iNew England Biolabs kanye "nezindleko eziphuma ephaketheni" ezikhokhwe nguMatt Winkler. UWinkler, umsunguli nosihlalo wenkampani ye-biotech i-Asuragen, naye ungumxhasi futhi ilungu lebhodi yeGenetic Literacy Project, ngokusho kwewebhusayithi yeqembu. URoberts uchaze ukuthi uWinkler “ubhalise umngani, uVal Giddings,” (the iqembu langaphambili lokuhweba nge-biotech VP) “ophakamise uJay Byrne” (owayengumphathi wezokuxhumana kuMonsanto) owanikeza ukwesekwa kwe-pro bono logistical for the event.

U-Byrne no-Giddings baphinde basiza ukuhlela uhlelo lwe-Academics Review oluxhaswe yimboni, iqembu langaphambili abalisungula ukuthi livele lizimele ngenkathi lisebenza njengemoto yokuheha imali yezinkampani ukuze kutholakale abagxeki abahlaselayo bemikhiqizo ye-ag-biotech, ngokusho kwe ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know. Kuma-imeyili, uByrne waqamba igama elithi Greenpeace ku- Uhlu “lwamatshegethi” abelubhalela iMonsanto. Enye kaByrne amakhasimende yi-International Rice Research Institute, okuyiqembu eliyimboni eliyinhloko elizama ukuthengisa i-GMO Golden Rice, obekugxilwe kuyona yi-Greenpeace critique. Ucwaningo olwenziwe nguGlenn Davis Stone waseWashington University eSt. Louis luthole lokho isivuno esiphansi nobunzima bezobuchwepheshe babambe iGolden Rice, hhayi ukuphikiswa ngamaqembu ezemvelo.

Embuzweni wakhe we-FAQ, uDkt. Roberts waluchitha ucwaningo oluzimele lukaDkt. UJulie Kelly, Henry Miller futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa. Umcimbi wabezindaba wenzeke ngesikhathi esibucayi sezepolitiki, futhi waba usizo indaba eWashington Post, isonto ngaphambi kokuba iCongress ivote ukuvimbela amazwe ukuthi afake ilebuli yama-GMO.

Kusukela ngoJanuwari 2019, inguqulo ye- .com ye-Support Precision Agriculture iphinde yaqondiswa ku-Genetic Literacy Project. Ku-FAQ yakhe, uRoberts uthe akanabo ubudlelwano ne-GLP futhi wathi "umuntu ongaziwa" uthenge indawo efanayo "ngomzamo obonakalayo" wokuyixhumanisa ne-GLP. Uthe lesi yisibonelo sokuthi "amaqhinga angcolile eqembu eliphikisayo awanamkhawulo."
(Ukuqondisa kabusha kwenziwa kwasebenza esikhathini esithile ngemuva kokuthi lokhu okuthunyelwe kuqale ukusebenza.)

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

Ukwenza iwebhu isebenze ngabantu namawebhusayithi mbumbulu

Ukubikwa kwe UGuardian ngo-2002, UGeorge Monbiot uchaze iqhinga lokucasha ukuthi izinkampani zezolimo kanye nezinhlangano zabo ze-PR bezikade zisebenzisa amashumi eminyaka ukukhuthaza nokuvikela imikhiqizo yabo: ukudala ubuntu obungebona obusobala namawebhusayithi mbumbulu ukuze kuthuliswe abagxeki futhi kube nomthelela emiphumeleni yokusesha eku-inthanethi.

UMonbiot ubike ukuthi “izakhamizi mbumbulu” (abantu abebengekho empeleni) “bebehlasela amabhokisi asohlwini lwe-inthanethi ngemiyalezo esola ososayensi kanye nabezemvelo abebegxeka izitshalo ze-GM” - kanti izakhamizi mbumbulu zalandelwa zabuyiselwa enkampanini i-PR kaMons Bivings.

UMonbiot uchaze ukuxhumana kukaJay Byrne neBivings:

"Cabanga nge-intanethi njengesikhali esisetafuleni… kukhona ozobulawa."

“Ekupheleni konyaka odlule, uJay Byrne, owayengumphathi [weMonsanto] wezokuxhumana nge-internet, wachazela amanye amafemu amaqhinga ayewasebenzisile eMonsanto. Ukhombise ukuthi, ngaphambi kokuthi aqale ukusebenza, izingosi eziphezulu ze-GM ezibalwe yinjini yokusesha kwi-inthanethi zonke zazigxeka ubuchwepheshe. Ngemuva kokungenelela kwakhe, izingosi ezisezingeni eliphezulu zonke bezingabasekeli (ezine zazo ezisungulwe yinkampani yakwaMonsanto's PR Bivings). Ubatshele ukuthi 'bacabange nge-intanethi njengesikhali esisetafuleni. Kuphakathi kokuthi uyayicosha noma umuntu oyincintisana naye uyayithatha, kodwa kukhona umuntu ozobulawa. ' Ngenkathi esasebenzela iMonsanto, uByrne utshele iphephandaba le-inthanethi wow ukuthi 'uchitha isikhathi sakhe nomzamo wakhe ebambe iqhaza' ezingxoxweni zewebhu mayelana ne-biotech. Ukhethe indawo i-AgBioWorld, lapho 'eqinisekisa ukuthi inkampani yakhe idlala khona'. I-AgBioWorld yindawo lapho [isakhamuzi mbumbulu] uSmetacek eqale khona umkhankaso wakhe. ”

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Okuningi okuvela kuJay Byrne

A Isethulo se-Power Point sika-2013 ibonisa indima edlalwa nguByrne kumakhasimende akhe embonini yezolimo. Lapha uchaza imibono yakhe ngabasekeli bezemvelo, ubeka ithonya labo online futhi unxusa izinkampani ukuthi zihlanganise izinsiza zazo ukubhekana nazo, ukuze kugwenywe "izingqinamba zokulawula nezimakethe."

The 2006 ibhuku “Bayekeni Badle Ukuqapha,” enyatheliswa yi- I-American Enterprise Institute futhi yahlelwa yimboni yezolimo Umsebenzi we-PR uJon Entine, iqukethe isahluko sikaByrne esihloko sithi, "Ukwakha kabusha i-Agricultural Biotechnology Protest Industry."

U-Byrne uyilungu le- "AgBioChatter," a uhlu lwe-imeyili oluyimfihlo ukuthi abasebenzi abaphezulu embonini yezolimo, abeluleki kanye nezifundiswa basebenzise ukuxhumanisa imisebenzi yokuthumela imiyalezo nokunxenxa. Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know khombisa uByrne ekhuthaza amalungu e-AgBioChatter ukuthi azame ukudicilela phansi isithunzi sabantu namaqembu ayegxeka ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides. Uhlelo lwe-Monsanto PR lwango-2015 olubizwa nge-AgBioChatter njengenye ye "Abalingani bezimboni" uMonsanto uhlele ukuzibandakanya ukusiza ukuhlazisa ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza mayelana ne-glyphosate.

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