Ithonya lobumbano eNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan: USolwazi Peter Phillips nemfihlo yakhe "ilungelo lokwazi uchungechunge"

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zamakhasi emibhalo yangaphakathi etholwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi ngokusebenzisa amarekhodi omphakathi izicelo ziveza ubudlelwano obuseduze - futhi obuyimfihlo - obuphakathi kweMonsanto, amaqembu ayo e-PR, neqembu losolwazi abagqugquzela ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides. Kwesinye isibonelo, uphenyo lwaveza imininingwane ngomsebenzi kaMonsanto UPeter WB Phillips, USolwazi Ohloniphekile e UJohnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, ENyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan.

Izambulo zazibandakanya ubufakazi bokuthi abasebenzi baseMonsanto kunikezwe futhi kwahlelwa iphepha elibhalwe nguPhillips, futhi wabamba iqhaza kwi "uchungechunge" oluvaliwe emphakathini UPhillips uhlele e-U of S ukuxoxa ngezinselelo zokubonisa ngale mayelana nobudlelwano bemboni. Le micimbi iphakamise ukukhathazeka ngethonya lemboni kule nyuvesi exhaswe nguhulumeni, futhi yagqugquzela amanye amalungu obuhlakani nabanye ukuba baqalise inselelo yezomthetho ukuzama ukuthola umbhalo othi "ilungelo lokwazi uchungechunge".

Leli phepha linikeza isizinda ngale micimbi, kanye nemibhalo evela ekuphonselweni inselelo kwezomthetho kanye nophenyo lwamarekhodi omphakathi. I-U of S ithe ibukeze umsebenzi kaPhillips ngokwesimo senqubomgomo yokuziphatha eyunivesithi. Ngenxa yalokhu, uPhillips "wakhululwa kunoma yikuphi ukungalungi," ngokusho kweCBC News.

Ukufakwa kwezindaba

Ukusebenzisana kweMonsanto kwakungekho ukubonakala  

Imibhalo etholwe ngamarekhodi omphakathi icela ama-imeyili achaza omunye umsebenzi kaPhillips neMonsanto. Okulandelayo ukubuka konke okutholakele nemisebenzi ephathelene nemibhalo.

Ngo-2014, umphathi wezindaba zesayensi yomhlaba wonke waseMonsanto u-Eric Sachs waqasha uPhillips nabanye oprofesa abayisithupha ukuba babhale izincazelo zenqubomgomo ngama-GMO. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi abasebenzi baseMonsanto izihloko eziphakanyisiwe nezinhlaka amaphepha, kuhlelwe umsebenzi kaPhillips, wahlanganyela nenkampani ye-PR, futhi wahlela ukuba kukhishwe amaphepha futhi iphakanyiswe nge Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project iwebhusayithi, okwenziwe akukhulunywa yendima kaMonsanto. UPhillips utshele i-CBC akakaze athathe inkokhelo kuMonsanto futhi ume ngemuva kwanoma yikuphi ukubhala negama lakhe.

Ngo-2015, uPhillips bameme abasebenzi baseMonsanto, izimboni ezibalulekile ze-PR, khetha abasebenzi be-faculty nabaseyunivesithi ku "Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know" e-U of S ukuxoxa ngenkululeko yemithetho yolwazi kanye nemithelela yokubambisana kwezimboni nezifundo. Uhlu lwezimemo lwakhiwe ngo ukubonisana no UCami Ryan waseMonsanto. Umcimbi uvaliwe emphakathini kanti inyuvesi yenqabile ukukhipha imininingwane ngawo.

Ngo-2017, iqembu elizibiza nge-Academic Integrity Legal Group, elinamalungu obuhlakani nabanye abaxhumene no-U of S, lazama ukuthola lo mbhalo kodwa lathi “babhaliswa yinyuvesi.” Ukuphindaphinda okunzima, cishe I-85% yombhalo kumnyama, "khombisa ukufihla ngenhloso," i iqembu labhala esicelweni somphakathi okuqoqe amasiginesha angaphezu kuka-1,800 XNUMX.

Ingxenye yombhalo obhalwe kabusha ovela ku- “Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know”

Icala lombhalo oqoshiwe libuyekezwe nguRon Kruzeniski, uKhomishani Wezokwaziswa Nobumfihlo waseSaskatchewan. NgoJuni 2018 Umbiko, uKruzeniski uthe inyuvesi ayisebenzisi ngendlela efanele umthetho wamarekhodi womphakathi futhi wancoma ukuthi kukhishwe ingxenye enkulu yombhalo. Inyuvesi yenqabile ukuyinikeza, nokwadala inselelo yezomthetho evela ku-D'Arcy Hande, umgcini wezinto zakudala osethathe umhlalaphansi e-U of S, egameni leqembu le-Academic Integrity. Inselelo yezomthetho, i-US Right to Know isize ukuyikhokhela, ayiphumelelanga, lapho inkantolo ikhiphe isinqumo sokuthi “kube nomthetho oyisisekelo wochungechunge olumise imfihlo.”

UHande uthe enkulumweni yakhe wathi lolu chungechunge lubonakale luyingxoxo engagunci mayelana nokuthi ungakulawula kanjani lokhu kulandisa, kunokuphendula izikhalazo, ngokusebenzisana nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane nale nyuvesi. Ngenxa yokuthi u-U of S uxhaswe umphakathi, ukholwa wukuthi umphakathi unelungelo lokwazi ukuthi kuxoxwe ngani.

“Kufana neklabhu yabafana endala.”

Isinqumo senkantolo siyamayelana, kusho uHande, ngenxa yokugcizelela kwakho ukusetshenziswa kweChatham House Rule (an isivumelwano esingahlelekile esetshenziselwa ukusiza izingxoxo zamahhala zezihloko ezibucayi) njengesizathu sokuthi imininingwane kufanele ihlale iyimfihlo. "Ukuthi ijaji licabange ukuthi kufanelekile ukuthi inyuvesi kawonkewonke ihlangane nabamele imboni embonini yomphakathi ukuze bakhulume ngokukhululeka ngaphandle kwezidingo zokubeka obala ngaphansi komthetho iChatham House Rule, kuyethusa impela lokho," kusho uHande. “Kufana neklabhu yabafana endala.” 

Imibhalo 

Umbhalo owenziwe kabusha we-U of S “Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know” 

Buyekeza Umbiko 298-2017 Ihhovisi Lokhomishani Wezokwaziswa Nobumfihlo Saskatchewan

Isikhalazo somphakathi esivela eQenjini Lezomthetho Lobuqotho

IGceke leNdlovukazi yaseNdlovukazi Isahlulelo, Hande vs U ka-S

Ama-imeyili ahlobene nochungechunge

Imema abalingani bezimboni ze-PR ku-U of S (Okthoba 2015). UPhillips uchaze inhloso yakhe yokuhlela uchungechunge mayelana nokuvakasha kuka UJon Entine (Iphrojekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo) futhi USolwazi Kevin Folta wase-University of Florida (abavikeli ababili abakhulu bama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane abasebenzisane kakhulu namaqembu ezimboni ngenkathi bethi bazimele). UPhillips ubhalele u-Entine noFolta: “Ngesikhathi ngizwa ukuthi nobabili nizobe senisedolobheni, kwabonakala kuyithuba elihle ukubiza isimpoziyamu encane yocwaningo ukuze kuxoxwe ngenhlangano ye-RTK [ilungelo lokwazi] kanye nomphumela wayo ongaba khona ekubambisaneni kwezimboni nezifundo. ”

Ingemuva, i-ajenda, abakhona (Novemba 2015). UPhillips uthumele i-imeyili i-Entine, i-Folta, abasebenzi ababili beMonsanto nabanye abachaza isidingo sokuhlangana ukuze kuxoxiswane ngokuhlolwa okwengeziwe kokubambisana kwezimboni nezifundo. Amagama iningi labamenyiwe nababekhona okungewona u-U we-S acishiwe.

IMonsanto iphakamisa abamenyiwe (Novemba 2015). UCami Ryan weMonsanto wenze iziphakamiso zohlu lwezimemo.

Ama-imeyili aphathelene namaphepha e-Monsanto / Genetic Literacy Project 

IMonsanto yabelwa amaphepha (Agasti 2013). U-Eric Sachs waseMonsanto ubhalele iqembu losolwazi okubandakanya uPhillips, “Sengiqale umsebenzi obalulekile wokukhiqiza uchungechunge lwemibhalo emifushane yenqubomgomo ngezihloko ezibalulekile enkundleni yezolimo ye-biotechnology… izihloko zikhethwe ngenxa yethonya lazo kumgomo womphakathi, isivuno seGM umthetho nokwamukelwa kwabathengi. ” Ucele uPhillips ukuthi abhale ngokuthi "umthetho osindayo" wama-GMO "uvimba kanjani lokhu okusha… okubalulekile ekusizeni ukwesekwa kokudla emhlabeni jikelele."

Isicelo esiphuthumayo sikaMonsanto sokuqhubekela phambili (Septhemba 9, 2014). AbakwaSachs bathumele i-imeyili kuPhillips ukumnxusa ukuthi abuyekeze ukuhlela okuphakanyisiwe ephepheni lakhe. "Le projekthi isendleleni enamandla manje," kubhala uSachs. Uchaze isu "lokuxhumanisa 'imibono' yomlobi kusuka kulolu chungechunge lwamafushane empikiswaneni ngezitshalo ze-GM nokudla esikholwa ukuthi kuzodalwa emasontweni azayo ngumbiko omusha wePhaneli yeNRC ngezitshalo ze-GM. Ngesonto elizayo kungokokuqala ngqa kokulalelwa kwezimvo zomphakathi e-US NAS [National Academy of Sciences] eWashington futhi kuzobonakala ukuthi ngubani ongomunye wabagxeki bezitshalo ze-GM abazofakaza. ” AbakwaSachs baqaphele ukuthi iGenetic Literacy Project “manje iyisikhungo esiyinhloko” samaphepha futhi “ibisakha uhlelo lokuthengisa” ngosizo lwenkampani yePR.

IMonsanto iphakamise ukuhlela (Septhemba 18, 2014). UPhillips uxoxe ngenqubekela phambili yakhe efaka ukuhlelwa kanye nezinguquko ezisuka kuCons Ryan kaMonsanto kumbhalo wakhe wenqubomgomo.

I-PR firm yabela amashejuli (Agasti 2013). UBeth Ann Mumford we-CMA Consulting, inkampani ye-PR esebenza noMonsanto, uxoxe ngamashejuli nezinsuku zokugcina neziprofesa. (I-CMA, eseqanjwe kabusha igama Bheka eMpumalanga, iphethwe nguCharlie Arnot, oyi-CEO embonini yezokudla exhaswa ngemali spin group Isikhungo Sokuqina Kokudla.)

Akukho ukudalulwa kwendima kaMonsanto (Disemba 11, 2014). Iphepha lePhillips, elinesihloko esithi "Imiphumela Yezomnotho Yemithethonqubo Yezilimo Zezakhi Zomzimba" lishicilelwa yi-Genetic Literacy Project kungadalulwa indima kaMonsanto.

Uxhaso lwezinkampani

Yize uPhillips ethe akatholi mali eqondile ezinkampanini, ucwaningo lwakhe lubonakala luthola ukwesekwa okuthile kwezamabhizinisi. IGlobal Institute for Food Security (GIFS), a isikhungo sokucwaninga esixhaswe yi uHulumeni we ISaskatchewan, iNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan neNutrien, inkampani kamanyolo, ibala iPhillips phakathi kwayo abacwaningi abaxhumene. Ngokusho kukaPhillips ikhasi lobuhlakani, imali yakhe yakamuva yocwaningo ihilela ukusebenzisana noStuart Smyth, usolwazi osebenza e-U of S ophethe iSihlalo Esicwaninga Ngezimboni Esikhokhelwa yi-Agri-Food Innovation. Lokho isikhundla sixhaswe ngu IBayer CropScience Canada, iCropLife Canada, iMonsanto Canada, iSaskatchewan Canola Development Commission kanye neSyngenta Canada.

Izimali zikaPhillips ziphawula ubudlelwano obubili neSmyth: $ 675,000 for a “IZIPHO-CSIP Strategic Partnership ”kanye“ nokuvuselela izimali zoMsebenzi Wokulondolozwa Kwesayensi Yezenhlalo njengengxenye Yezinhlelo Zokuklama Zokuphepha Kokudla Komhlaba Wonke, amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-37.5 ”avela eCanada First Research Excellence Fund Program (enebhajethi eyi- $ 1.31 million). Lesi sakamuva yi- iphrojekthi exhaswa ngumphakathi iyaqhubeka i-GIFS, ubambiswano lukahulumeni nezinkampani ezizimele ezibandakanya i-U of S, uhulumeni wasekhaya kanye nenkampani kamanyolo iNutrien (phambilini eyayiyiPotash Corp) ikhangisa imikhiqizo yayo njengoba kudingekile ekutholakaleni kokudla.

Imininingwane ehlobene  

  • Imboni yezolimo izibopho nokuxhaswa kukaStuart Smyth, Usihlalo Wocwaningo Oxhaswa Ngezimboni e-Agri-Food Innovation e-University of Saskatchewan, e-US Right to Know sheet sheet (6.1.20)
  • Boston Globe: UProfesa waseHarvard Wehlulekile Ukudalula Ukuxhumana KweMonsanto ku-Paper Touting GMOs, nguLaura Krantz
  • Umama Jones: Lawa ma-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uMonsanto uncike kothisha ukuze balwe nempi ye-GMO PR, nguTom Philpott
  • I-Bloomberg: I-Monsanto Yazihlanganisa Kanjani Izifundiswa Ukuba Zibhale Amaphepha Asekela Ama-GMO, kaJack Kaskey
  • Ingobo yomlando yemboni yamakhemikhali ye-UCSF iqukethe imibhalo engama-59 ebandakanya ukuxhumana kwePhillips nezimboni kanye nabalingani bemboni. Le mibhalo iyingxenye yomkhakha wezolimo iqoqo linikelwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi.

Quotes  

"Inyuvesi yethu akumele isebenze njengesiteshi sikasheleni yezinhloso zezinkampani futhi iphikisane nendelelo kaKhomishani Wezokwazisa Nobumfihlo esifundazweni… izincomo zayo eziphikisana nokuziqhenya okukhulu enkantolo."

Len Findlay, UProfesa Ohloniphekile U-Emeritus, U we-S (I-LTE, Isithungu)

Isinqumo senkantolo “siqinisa ukuvikelwa kwenkululeko yokufunda kanye nokuba ngasese. Inkululeko yokufunda ifaka amandla amalungu eyunivesithi yethu ukuthi aqhubeke nocwaningo nemibono - ngisho naleyo enempikiswano noma engathandeki - ngaphandle kokwesaba ukuphazanyiswa. ”

UKaren Chad, u-U we-S usekela-mongameli wocwaningo (Isithungu)

"Ngicabanga ukuthi iningi lezazi zokuziphatha zizoba nenkinga ngobudlelwano obuqinile [bukaPhillips] neMonsanto."

Umxhumanisi weSaskatoon uSteven Lewis, Umbhali osebenza naye ocashunwe kabanzi
I-athikili yeCanada Medical Association Journal mayelana
ubudlelwano beyunivesithi nezimboni (CBC)

“Ngishaqekile ngoba [ithonya lezinkampani emanyuvesi omphakathi] libonakala liba limbi ngokwengeziwe. Kunenkinga yangempela lapha. ”

U-profesa wezemfundo ka-S uWoward Woodhouse,
umbhali we Ukuthengisa: Inkululeko Yezemfundo kanye Nemakethe Yenkampani (CBC)

“Sikhuthaza ubuhlakani bethu ukuthi bahumushele ulwazi lwabo ezinkundleni zemigomo. Yilokho kanye uProf. Phillips akwenzile. ”

UJeremy Rayner, owayengumqondisi, uJohnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy (CBC)

UJay Byrne: Hlangana noMuntu Olandela Umshini We-Monsanto PR

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

OwayenguMqondisi Wezokuxhumana Kwamabhizinisi uMonsanto uJay Byrne, umongameli wenkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi v-Amandla, ungumdlali oyinhloko kufayela le- i-covert inkulumo-ze nemikhankaso yokunxenxa izinkampani zezolimo ezinkulu kakhulu emhlabeni. Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know, kuthunyelwe ku-UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Archive, yembula uhla lwamasu akhohlisayo uByrne nabanye ababambisene nabo embonini abasebenzisayo ukukhuthaza nokuvikela ukudla kwe-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Izibonelo lapha zibonisa ezinye zezindlela izinkampani ezihambisa ngazo imiyalezo yazo enkundleni yomphakathi zisuka ngemuva kwesembozo samaqembu angaphambi kokuzwakala, abasizi bakahulumeni kanye nezifundiswa ezibonakala zizimele njengoba zisebenza nezinkampani noma ababonisi babo be-PR.

Amaklayenti: izinkampani eziphezulu zezolimo, ezolimo kanye nezinkampani zezidakamizwa 

KaByrne uhlu lwamakhasimende ifake phakathi uhla lwamabhizinisi amakhulu ezolimo kanye nezinkampani ezenza imithi namaqembu amabhizinisi, kufaka phakathi i-American Chemistry Council, iSyngenta, i-AstraZeneca, iMonsanto, iPfizer, i-American Farm Bureau, iNational Corn Growers Association, iGrocery Manufacturers Association, iRohm neHaas kanye nemboni yokubulala izinambuzane. iqembu lokuhweba iCropLife.

I-International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), ekhuthaza ukwenziwa kwezakhi zofuzo “iGolden Rice,” nayo iyiklayenti. Byrne ubambe iqhaza emizameni ye-PR yokuhlasela iGreenpeace nabanye abagxeka ilayisi le-GMO. Bheka nomtapo wolwazi wamakhompiyutha we-UCSF wabaningi amadokhumende afaka i-IRRI.

Kuphekwe iqembu eliphambili lezemfundo ukuze lihlasele abagxeki beMonsanto

Isu elisemqoka lomkhakha wezolimo, njenge I-New York Times ibike, ngukutshala osolwazi “besigqoko esimhlophe” ukulwa izimpi zomkhakha we-PR kanye nokunxenxa izimpi zisemuva kwesembozo "sokungakhethi kanye nesisindo segunya eliza nozalo loprofesa."

NgoMashi 2010, uByrne kanye noProfesa waseYunivesithi yase-Illinois UBruce Chassy uxoxe ngokusungula iqembu eliphambili elibizwa nge- "Academics Review" elingaheha iminikelo evela ezinkampanini ngenkathi libonakala lizimele. U-Byrne waqhathanisa lo mqondo nesikhungo senkululeko yabathengi (iqembu langaphambili eliqhutshwa udumo olubi inkulumo-ze yenkampani indoda engaphambili uRick Berman), okuthe “kwangena kulokhu ngokweqile; futhi ngicabanga ukuthi sinomqondo ongcono kakhulu. ” U-Byrne uchaze “uhla 'lwamathuba' anezinhloso” abangalulandela. UByrne wabhalela uDkt Chassy:

Wonke lawo maqembu, abantu kanye nezindawo zezihloko "kusho imali yezinhlangano zezinkampani ezithende kahle," kubhala uByrne. Uthe yena futhi UVal Giddings, PhD, owayeyisekela likamongameli weqembu lebhizinisi le-biotech i-BIO, ingasebenza "njengezimoto zokuhweba" zezifundiswa.

Ngo-November 2010, UByrne wabhalela uChassy Futhi, "Kuzoba kuhle ukuthola isigaba esilandelayo somsebenzi ekubuyekezweni kwe-Academics - sinezinga elihamba kancane eliqhamuka ngonyaka ka-2011 uma ibhizinisi lisafana." U-Byrne unikeze “ukuhlela isikhathi esithile sokwenza i-pro bono search engine optimization” ”ukuze iqembu lakhe libhekane nethonya lomgxeki we-GMO online. U-Byrne uphethe i-imeyili, "Njengenjwayelo, ngingathanda ukuthola isihloko esilandelayo (futhi sixhase) ukukhulisa lokhu ngenkathi sikwazi."

Ngo-2014, i-Academics Review yakhipha i- kubika ukuhlasela imboni ephilayo njengomkhonyovu wokumaketha; ezintweni zalo zokumaketha zombiko, i-Academics Review ithi izimele futhi ayizange iveze ukuxhaswa kwayo embonini yezolimo.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

"Imiklamo kahulumeni wase-US-GLP-Byrne" yokuthwebula izintatheli

Ukunxenxa kukaByrne nokusebenza kwe-PR kweGMO kanye nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane kuhlangana ezindaweni eziningi nomsebenzi we UJon Entine, omunye umuntu osemqoka emikhankasweni yokuvikela umkhakha wezolimo. U-Entine uqondisa i-Genetic Literacy Project, ayisungula ngo-2011 ngesikhathi iMonsanto isiyi- iklayenti lenkampani yakhe ye-PR. (I-Entine's PR firm ESG MediaMetrics ibhale iMonsanto njengekhasimende kuwebhusayithi yayo ku 2010, 2011, 2012 kuze kufike kuJanuwari 2013, ngokusho kwezinqolobane ze-inthanethi zisatholakala online.)

Ngo-December 2013, U-Entine ubhalele uMax T. Holtzman, owayeyibamba lesekela likanobhala ngaphansi koMnyango Wezolimo e-US, ukuze aphakamise ukusebenzisana ochungechungeni lwezinto azichaza ngokuthi “yimisebenzi kahulumeni wase-US-GLP-Byrne” ukukhuthaza ama-GMO. U-Entine ubhalele uHoltzman:

Isiphakamiso sika-Entine “Uhulumeni wase-US-GLP-Byrne”Amaphrojekthi afaka phakathi“ Ithimba leBoot Camp ne-Response Swat Team ”ukulungiselela izifundiswa ezivela eceleni ukuthi“ zibambe iqhaza ekushayweni komthetho ezindlebeni [ze-GMO] nakwezinye izindaba ezihlobene nazo, ”“ umhlangano wobuntatheli ”ukuqinisa ukusakazwa kwabezindaba mayelana nezinselelo zokuphepha kokudla kanye“ nokuhlinzeka ngoqeqesho kwizintatheli ezisencane, ”umkhankaso wokufinyelela kwabezindaba emhlabeni wonke wokukhuthaza ukwamukelwa kwe-biotechnology, kanye" nokuqukethwe kwemidiya eminingi nokubekwa okuvela emithonjeni ethembekile "kuqinisa izingqikithi ezibalulekile" ngamasegmenti nemibhalo etholakalayo etholakala kumawebhusayithi kahulumeni wase-US, i-GLP namanye amapulatifomu. "

UHoltzman uphendule, “Ngiyabonga Jon. Bekukuhle ukuhlangana nawe futhi. Ngicabanga ukuthi uhlaka lwakho olungezansi luhlinzeka ngamaphoyinti ezimpambanweni zemvelo lapho imiyalezo ye-usda / USG nemizamo yakho ihlangana kahle. Ngingathanda ukuqhubekisela phambili futhi ngixegise abanye abantu lapha e-usda hhayi nje kuphela abavela ezindaweni zobuchwepheshe / ezentengiselwano kodwa nasezitolo zethu zokuxhumana. ”

Amavidiyo aqondiswe ngabakhokhi bentela, aqondaniswe neMonsanto ukukhuthaza ama-GMO

Uchungechunge lwabakhokhi bentela oluxhaswe ngemali videos okwakhiqizwa ngo-2012 ukukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kunikeza esinye isibonelo sendlela izifundiswa namanyuvesi abephusha ngayo imiyalezo ehambisana nezinkampani. Inkampani ka-Byrne i-PR v-Fluence isize ekwakheni ama-video “abeklanyelwe ukuvela njengesabelomali esincane kanye nezimfundamakhwela,” ngokusho kwe-imeyili evela kuSolwazi uBruce Chassy wase-University of Illinois.

UDkt Chassy yabhalela abasebenzi baseMonsanto ngo-Ephreli 27, 2012:

U-Eric Sachs weMonsanto uphendule wathi:

AmaSachs anikele ngokusiza ngokuthumela imiyalezo ngamavidiyo wesikhathi esizayo ngokwabelana ngemiphumela yokuhlolwa kweqembu okwakugxilwa kulo okwenziwa uMonsanto. UDkt. Chassy umeme iSachs ukuthi inikeze iziphakamiso ngezihloko zevidiyo ezizayo futhi yamcela ukuthi athumele imiphumela yeqembu lokugxila leMonsanto.

Ukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuhlela impikiswano mayelana nama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides

Ngo-2014 nango-2015, uByrne wasiza uJon Entine ukuhlela ifayili le- Izinkambu zeBiotech Literacy Project ixhaswe yizinkampani zezolimo futhi ibanjwe ngokubambisana ngamaqembu amabili angaphambili embonini, Iphrojekthi ye-Entine's Genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo KukaBruce Chassy. Abahleli bedukise bachaza uxhaso lwalemicimbi njengokuqhamuka emithonjeni yezemfundo, kahulumeni neyezimboni, kodwa i okuwukuphela komthombo wokuthola imali owawungalandeleka kwakuyimboni yezolimo, ngokusho kombiko kaPaul Thacker. Inhloso yamakamu ama-boot, kusho uThacker, "kwakuwukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukuthi bahlele impikiswano ngama-GMO nangobuthi be-glyphosate."

UByrne wayeseqenjini elalihlela, kanye noCami Ryan (manje osebenzela iMonsanto) noBruce Chassy (owayethola izimali ezivela eMonsanto lokho akuzange kuvezwe obala), ngokusho kwama-imeyili avela ku- Faka futhi Ryan.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

I-Bonus Eventus: ikamelo lezokuxhumana lomkhakha wezolimo lomkhakha wezolimo

Umsebenzi obalulekile uByrne ahlinzeka ngawo emizamweni yokwenyusa yezolimo ngumphakathi wakhe "we-Bonus Eventus" onikeza izifundiswa nabanye ababambisene nabo embonini ngamaphoyinti okukhuluma namathuba wokuphromotha. Ngaphakathi imibhalo (ikhasi 9) ichaza i-Bonus Eventus ngokuthi "ingosi yokuxhumana nabantu yangasese esebenza njengendawo yokubambisana kwezokuxhumana kososayensi abathanda ezolimo, abenza izinqubomgomo nabanye ababambe iqhaza." Amalungu athola incwadi yezindaba kaByrne, kanye nokufinyelela kulabhulali yakhe eyinkomba yezihloko zebhizinisi lezolimo, "imininingwane yababambiqhaza" yabantu abanethonya empikiswaneni ye-GMO, nokuqeqeshwa nokwesekwa kokuzibandakanya kwabezindaba zenhlalo.

Izibonelo zale ncwadi zingatholakala kulokhu inqolobane yama-imeyili asuka eByrne aya kuPeter Phillips, onguprofesa wase-University of Saskatchewan oke waba egxekwa ngozakwabo ngenxa yakhe vala ubudlelwano neMonsanto. Encwadini yezindaba kaNovemba 7, 2016, uByrne unxuse uPhillips nabanye abamukeli ukuthi babelane ngokuqukethwe mayelana "namaphutha nokushiyeka" ku Indaba yeNew York Times lokho kwabika ngokwehluleka kwezitshalo ze-GMO ukukhuphula isivuno kanye nokunciphisa izibulala-zinambuzane, futhi "imibuzo ekhulayo" ebhekene neqembu lomhlaba wonke lososayensi bomdlavuza ababika ukuthi i-glyphosate yi-carcinogen mhlawumbe yabantu ehambisana nohlelo lukaMonsanto lwe-PR ihlaze iphaneli lokucwaninga ngomdlavuza. (Bheka ne- iphepha lamaqiniso likaPeter Phillip imfihlo yochungechunge "ilungelo lokwazi").

U-Byrne unxuse umphakathi we-Bonus Eventus ukuthi wabelane ngokuqukethwe ngalezi zingqikithi kubalobi abaxhumene nomkhakha, njenge UJulie Kelly, UDkt. Henry Miller, UKavin Senapathy, I-Sci Babe futhi Hank campbell we Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu leMonsanto lalikhona ukukhokha ukusiza ukwehlisa isithunzi ososayensi bomdlavuza. Ku-2017, iForbes isuse inqwaba yama-athikili kaDkt.Miller - kufaka phakathi amaningana awabhala nawo Kelly, Senapathy neByrne - ngemuva kwe- I-New York Times ibike ukuthi uDkt. Miller wayeshicilele udaba eForbes ngaphansi kwegama lakhe okwakubhalwe ngalo isipoki nguMonsanto.

Umlindisango ngokuhlaselwa kweGreenpeace

Lapho iqembu labathola izindondo zikaNobel linxusa iGreenpeace ukuba iyeke ukuphikisa irayisi elenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, kwabukeka njengomzamo ozimele. Kepha ngemuva kwekhethenisi lezimpawu ezihlaba umxhwele bekungukusizwa kwabadlali ababalulekile emkhankasweni wezokuxhumana we-PR wemboni yezolimo: UJay Byrne kanye nelungu lebhodi le-Genetic Literacy Project. Byrne bekuposwe emnyango emcimbini we-2016 National Press Club okhuthaza iqembu elibizwa Sekela i-Precision Agriculture. Uhlobo lwe-.com lwaleyo webhusayithi luqondiswe kabusha iminyaka ku-Genetic Literacy Project, iqembu langaphambili elisebenzayo neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR ngaphandle kokudalula lezo zibopho. 

Ngakho-ke ngubani okhokhele umcimbi wezindaba we-anti-Greenpeace? USir Richard Roberts, isazi samakhemikhali ezinto eziphilayo owathi wahlela incwadi yabathole umklomelo kaNobel, uchaze le ndaba kwi-FAQ kuwebhusayithi: "umkhankaso ubusungabizi kakhulu kuze kube manje," ubhale, kubandakanya iningi lomholo wakhe okhokhelwe umqashi wakhe iNew England Biolabs kanye "nezindleko eziphuma ephaketheni" ezikhokhwe nguMatt Winkler. UWinkler, umsunguli nosihlalo wenkampani ye-biotech i-Asuragen, naye ungumxhasi futhi ilungu lebhodi yeGenetic Literacy Project, ngokusho kwewebhusayithi yeqembu. URoberts uchaze ukuthi uWinkler “ubhalise umngani, uVal Giddings,” (the iqembu langaphambili lokuhweba nge-biotech VP) “ophakamise uJay Byrne” (owayengumphathi wezokuxhumana kuMonsanto) owanikeza ukwesekwa kwe-pro bono logistical for the event.

U-Byrne no-Giddings baphinde basiza ukuhlela uhlelo lwe-Academics Review oluxhaswe yimboni, iqembu langaphambili abalisungula ukuthi livele lizimele ngenkathi lisebenza njengemoto yokuheha imali yezinkampani ukuze kutholakale abagxeki abahlaselayo bemikhiqizo ye-ag-biotech, ngokusho kwe ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know. Kuma-imeyili, uByrne waqamba igama elithi Greenpeace ku- Uhlu “lwamatshegethi” abelubhalela iMonsanto. Enye kaByrne amakhasimende yi-International Rice Research Institute, okuyiqembu eliyimboni eliyinhloko elizama ukuthengisa i-GMO Golden Rice, obekugxilwe kuyona yi-Greenpeace critique. Ucwaningo olwenziwe nguGlenn Davis Stone waseWashington University eSt. Louis luthole lokho isivuno esiphansi nobunzima bezobuchwepheshe babambe iGolden Rice, hhayi ukuphikiswa ngamaqembu ezemvelo.

Embuzweni wakhe we-FAQ, uDkt. Roberts waluchitha ucwaningo oluzimele lukaDkt. UJulie Kelly, Henry Miller futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa. Umcimbi wabezindaba wenzeke ngesikhathi esibucayi sezepolitiki, futhi waba usizo indaba eWashington Post, isonto ngaphambi kokuba iCongress ivote ukuvimbela amazwe ukuthi afake ilebuli yama-GMO.

Kusukela ngoJanuwari 2019, inguqulo ye- .com ye-Support Precision Agriculture iphinde yaqondiswa ku-Genetic Literacy Project. Ku-FAQ yakhe, uRoberts uthe akanabo ubudlelwano ne-GLP futhi wathi "umuntu ongaziwa" uthenge indawo efanayo "ngomzamo obonakalayo" wokuyixhumanisa ne-GLP. Uthe lesi yisibonelo sokuthi "amaqhinga angcolile eqembu eliphikisayo awanamkhawulo."
(Ukuqondisa kabusha kwenziwa kwasebenza esikhathini esithile ngemuva kokuthi lokhu okuthunyelwe kuqale ukusebenza.)

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

Ukwenza iwebhu isebenze ngabantu namawebhusayithi mbumbulu

Ukubikwa kwe UGuardian ngo-2002, UGeorge Monbiot uchaze iqhinga lokucasha ukuthi izinkampani zezolimo kanye nezinhlangano zabo ze-PR bezikade zisebenzisa amashumi eminyaka ukukhuthaza nokuvikela imikhiqizo yabo: ukudala ubuntu obungebona obusobala namawebhusayithi mbumbulu ukuze kuthuliswe abagxeki futhi kube nomthelela emiphumeleni yokusesha eku-inthanethi.

UMonbiot ubike ukuthi “izakhamizi mbumbulu” (abantu abebengekho empeleni) “bebehlasela amabhokisi asohlwini lwe-inthanethi ngemiyalezo esola ososayensi kanye nabezemvelo abebegxeka izitshalo ze-GM” - kanti izakhamizi mbumbulu zalandelwa zabuyiselwa enkampanini i-PR kaMons Bivings.

UMonbiot uchaze ukuxhumana kukaJay Byrne neBivings:

"Cabanga nge-intanethi njengesikhali esisetafuleni… kukhona ozobulawa."

“Ekupheleni konyaka odlule, uJay Byrne, owayengumphathi [weMonsanto] wezokuxhumana nge-internet, wachazela amanye amafemu amaqhinga ayewasebenzisile eMonsanto. Ukhombise ukuthi, ngaphambi kokuthi aqale ukusebenza, izingosi eziphezulu ze-GM ezibalwe yinjini yokusesha kwi-inthanethi zonke zazigxeka ubuchwepheshe. Ngemuva kokungenelela kwakhe, izingosi ezisezingeni eliphezulu zonke bezingabasekeli (ezine zazo ezisungulwe yinkampani yakwaMonsanto's PR Bivings). Ubatshele ukuthi 'bacabange nge-intanethi njengesikhali esisetafuleni. Kuphakathi kokuthi uyayicosha noma umuntu oyincintisana naye uyayithatha, kodwa kukhona umuntu ozobulawa. ' Ngenkathi esasebenzela iMonsanto, uByrne utshele iphephandaba le-inthanethi wow ukuthi 'uchitha isikhathi sakhe nomzamo wakhe ebambe iqhaza' ezingxoxweni zewebhu mayelana ne-biotech. Ukhethe indawo i-AgBioWorld, lapho 'eqinisekisa ukuthi inkampani yakhe idlala khona'. I-AgBioWorld yindawo lapho [isakhamuzi mbumbulu] uSmetacek eqale khona umkhankaso wakhe. ”

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

Okuningi okuvela kuJay Byrne

A Isethulo se-Power Point sika-2013 ibonisa indima edlalwa nguByrne kumakhasimende akhe embonini yezolimo. Lapha uchaza imibono yakhe ngabasekeli bezemvelo, ubeka ithonya labo online futhi unxusa izinkampani ukuthi zihlanganise izinsiza zazo ukubhekana nazo, ukuze kugwenywe "izingqinamba zokulawula nezimakethe."

The 2006 ibhuku “Bayekeni Badle Ukuqapha,” enyatheliswa yi- I-American Enterprise Institute futhi yahlelwa yimboni yezolimo Umsebenzi we-PR uJon Entine, iqukethe isahluko sikaByrne esihloko sithi, "Ukwakha kabusha i-Agricultural Biotechnology Protest Industry."

U-Byrne uyilungu le- "AgBioChatter," a uhlu lwe-imeyili oluyimfihlo ukuthi abasebenzi abaphezulu embonini yezolimo, abeluleki kanye nezifundiswa basebenzise ukuxhumanisa imisebenzi yokuthumela imiyalezo nokunxenxa. Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know khombisa uByrne ekhuthaza amalungu e-AgBioChatter ukuthi azame ukudicilela phansi isithunzi sabantu namaqembu ayegxeka ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides. Uhlelo lwe-Monsanto PR lwango-2015 olubizwa nge-AgBioChatter njengenye ye "Abalingani bezimboni" uMonsanto uhlele ukuzibandakanya ukusiza ukuhlazisa ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza mayelana ne-glyphosate.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

Izibopho zikaPamela Ronald's to Chemical Industry Front Groups

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Kubuyekezwe ngoJuni 2019

UPamela Ronald, PhD, uprofesa wezifo zezitshalo e-University of California, uDavis nombhali wencwadi yango-2008 ethi “Tomorrow's Table,” ungummeli owaziwayo wokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Okungaziwa kakhulu iqhaza likaDkt. Ronald ezinhlanganweni eziziveza njengabantu abazimele ngaphandle kwezimboni, kodwa empeleni basebenzisana nezinhlangano zamakhemikhali ukukhuthaza nokunxenxa ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, ezinhlelweni ezingafihli lutho emphakathini. 

Ixhumana neqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo

UPamela Ronald unobudlelwano obuningi neqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo, i IGenetic Literacy Project, kanye nomqondisi wayo omkhulu, uJon Entine. Ubasize ngezindlela eziningi. Ngokwesibonelo, imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi ngonyaka wezi-2015, UDkt. Ronald uqoke u-Entine njengomuntu ophakeme futhi ofundisa ezokuxhumana kwezesayensi e-UC Davis, futhi wabambisana ne-Genetic Literacy Project ukusingatha imboni yezolimo exhaswe ngemali umcimbi womlayezo abaqeqeshe abahlanganyeli ukuthi bangayikhangisa kanjani imikhiqizo yezolimo. 

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project ichazwe ku umklomelo Okwezwe uphenyo njenge “website eyaziwayo yenkulumo-ze” eyadlala indima enkulu emkhankasweni weMonsanto wokuhlambalaza umbiko wenhlangano yocwaningo lomdlavuza yeWorld Health Organisation ngeglyphosate. Kwi Idokhumenti ka-2015 PR, IMonsanto ikhombe i-Genetic Literacy Project phakathiabalingani bemboni ” inkampani ihlele ukuzibandakanya "nokuhlela ukukhala" ngombiko womdlavuza. I-GLP kusukela lapho isishicilele izindatshana eziningi ezihlasela ososayensi bomdlavuza njenge- "anti-chemical enviros" eyaqamba amanga futhi yazibandakanya nayo inkohlakalo, ukuhlanekezela, ukufihla nokukhwabanisa.

I-Entine inezibopho zesikhathi eside embonini yamakhemikhali; umsebenzi wakhe uhlanganisa ukuvikela izibulala-zinambuzane, industrial Amakhemikhali, amapulasitiki, ukukhwabanisa, Kanye imboni kawoyela, imvamisa nge ukuhlaselwa kososayensi, izintatheli futhi izifundiswa.  Faka umkhankaso i-Genetic Literacy Project ngo-2011 lapho UMonsanto wayeyikhasimende yenkampani yakhe yezobudlelwano nomphakathi. I-GLP ekuqaleni ehlotshaniswa ne-STATS, izintatheli zeqembu elingenzi nzuzo zichaze njenge- “umkhankaso we-disinformation”Lokho imbewu ingabaza isayensi futhi “eyaziwa ngokuvikela kwayo imboni yamakhemikhali. " 

Ngo-2015, i-Genetic Literacy Project yathuthela enhlanganweni entsha yabazali, i-Science Literacy Project. Ukufakwa kwentela kwe-IRS ngalowo nyaka kubonisiwe ukuthi uDkt. Ronald wayeyilungu lebhodi eyasungula i-Science Literacy Project, kodwa ama-imeyili kusuka ngo-Agasti 2018 khombisa ukuthi uDkt. Ronald uqinisekise u-Entine ukuthi asuse igama lakhe kwifomu lentela ngemuva kokuthi kwaziwe ukuthi ubhalwe lapho (ifomu elichitshiyelwe lentela selikhona manje kuyatholakala lapha). UDkt. Ronald ubhalele u-Entine, “Angizange ngisebenze kuleli bhodi futhi angizange nginike mvume yokuthi igama lami libhalwe. Ngicela uthathe izinyathelo ngokushesha ukwazisa i-IRS ukuthi igama lami lifakwe ohlwini ngaphandle kwemvume. ” U-Entine ubhale ukuthi unezinkumbulo ezihlukile. “Ngikhumbula kahle ukuthi wavuma ukuba yingxenye yebhodi futhi wahola ibhodi lokuqala… Wawunomdlandla futhi ungisekela empeleni. Akukho kungabaza engqondweni yami ukuthi uvumelane nalokhu. ” Yize kunjalo wavuma ukuzama ukususa igama lakhe embhalweni wentela.

Laba bobabili baphinde baxoxa ngefomu lentela ngoDisemba 2018 ngemuva kokuthi kuthunyelwe leli phepha. Kubhale u-Entine, “Ngikubhalile ku-original 990 ngokususelwa engxoxweni yocingo lapho uvumile ukuba khona ebhodini. Ngesikhathi ungimelela ukuthi awuvumelani nalokhu, ngicishe irekhodi njengoba ubucelile. ” Ku- enye i-imeyili ngalolo suku, ukhumbuze uDkt. Ronald ukuthi “empeleni ubuhlangene nale 'nhlangano: njengoba besisebenza ndawonye, ​​ngaphandle komzamo nangokwakhayo, ekwenzeni ikamu lamabhuzu enyuvesi yakho libe yimpumelelo enkulu.”  

Amafomu entela eSayensi Literacy Project manje abala amalungu amathathu ebhodi: Entine; UDrew Kershen, owayenguprofesa wezomthetho futhi owayesebhodini le- “Academics Review,” iqembu elalithi lizimele ngenkathi ithola izimali zayo ezinkampanini zezolimo; futhi UGeoffrey Kabat, ingcweti yezifo ezisebenza ku ibhodi labeluleki besayensi Okwe Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu lelo uthole imali evela kuMonsanto ngomsebenzi wayo wokuvikela ama-pesticides kanye nama-GMO.

Isungulwe, yahola iqembu le-UC Davis eliphakamisa imizamo ye-PR yomkhakha

UDkt Ronald wayengumqondisi osungula iWorld Food Center's Isikhungo Sokufunda Nokufunda Kwezolimo (IFAL), iqembu elasungulwa e-2014 e-UC Davis lokuqeqesha ubuhlakani kanye nabafundi ukukhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, izitshalo nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Leli qembu alizivezi ngokugcwele izimali zalo.

Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald unikele UJon Entine neqembu lakhe eliphambili embonini I-Genetic Literacy Project yesikhulumi e-UC Davis, ukuqoka i-Entine njengomuntu omkhulu ongakhokhiwe we-IFAL kanye nomfundisi nomeluleki ohlelweni lokuthweswa iziqu kwezokuxhumana kwezesayensi. U-Entine akaseyena umngani e-UC Davis. Bona incwadi yethu yango-2016 eya kwiWorld Food Center ebuza ngezimali ze-Entine ne-IFAL kanye nabo incazelo engacacile mayelana nokuthi uxhaso lwabo luvelaphi.

NgoJulayi 2014, uDkt. Ronald waveza ku-imeyili asebenza naye ukuthi u-Entine wayeyi- umhlanganyeli obalulekile ongabanika iziphakamiso ezinhle zokuthi bangaxhumana nobani ukuze bathole imali eyengeziwe ngomcimbi wokuqala we-IFAL. NgoJuni 2015, i-IFAL yabamba iqhaza "Ikamu lokuqala le-Biotech Literacy Project”Nge-Genetic Literacy Project kanye ne- Ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo zeqembu leMonsanto. Abahleli bathi lo mcimbi uxhaswe yimithombo yezemfundo, kahulumeni neyezimboni, kepha imithombo engeyona eyezimboni iyenqabile ukuxhasa le micimbi kanye ne kuphela umthombo wokuthola imali ongalandeleka uvela embonini, ngokusho kokubikwa kukaPaul Thacker ku-The Progressive.

Amarekhodi entela akhombisa lokho kubuyekezwa kwezifundo, okwakuthola okwayo imali evela embonini yezolimo iqembu lokuhweba, lisebenzise u- $ 162,000 engqungqutheleni yezinsuku ezintathu e-UC Davis. Inhloso yekamu ebhuthini, ngokwe-ajenda, bekuzoqeqesha nokuxhasa ososayensi, izintatheli nabaphenyi bezemfundo ukuze banxenxe umphakathi kanye nabenzi benqubomgomo ngezinzuzo zama-GMO nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Izikhulumi enkanjini yebhuthi i-UC Davis zifakiwe UJay Byrne, Owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana ezinkampanini kaMonsanto; Hank campbell yezimali ezixhaswa yiMonsanto Umkhandlu waseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo; osolwazi abanezibopho zomkhakha ezingadalulwanga ezifana USolwazi Emeritus Bruce Chassy wase-University of Illinois futhi USolwazi Kevin Folta waseYunivesithi yaseFlorida; UCami Ryan, manje osebenzela iMonsanto; UDavid Ropeik, umxhumanisi wokuqonda ngobungozi onenkampani ye-PR amaklayenti afaka iDow neBayer; kanye nabanye ababambisene nomkhakha wezolimo.

Izikhulumi eziyinhloko kwakunguDkt. Ronald, UYvette d'Entremont uSci Babe, "umxhumanisi wezesayensi" ovikela izibulala-zinambuzane neziswidi zokufakelwa ngenkathi ethatha imali ezinkampanini ezidayisa leyo mikhiqizo, noTed Nordhaus we-Breakthrough Institute. (UNordhaus naye wabalwa njengelungu lebhodi leSayensi Literacy Project kwifomu lokuqala lentela lika-2015/2016, kodwa igama lakhe lasuswa kanye noDkt. Ronald's kwifomu echitshiyelwe i-Entine efakwe ngo-2018; uNordhaus uthe akakaze asebenze ebhodini.)

Ukupheka ukuduba kukaChipotle

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald noJon Entine babambisene ekuthumeleni imiyalezo ukudicilela phansi abagxeki bokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Kwesinye isikhathi, uDkt. Ronald uphakamise ukuthi ahlele ukuduba ngokumelene nechungechunge lokudlela laseChipotle ngenxa yesinqumo salo sokunikela nokuphromotha ukudla okungewona okwe-GMO.

Ngo-Ephreli 2015, uDkt Ronald wathumela i-imeyili i-Entine futhi U-Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, owayeyisisebenzi sangaphambilini seMonsanto nochwepheshe wezokweluleka ngokubambisana e-UC Davis, ukusikisela ukuthi bathole umfundi ozobhala ngabalimi abasebenzisa izibulala-zinambuzane ezinobuthi kakhulu ukutshala ummbila ongewona owe-GMO. "Ngiphakamisa ukuthi silazise leli qiniso (uma nje sesithole imininingwane) bese sihlela ukuduba kwe-chipotle, ”Kubhala uDkt Ronald. U-Entine wayalela umlingani wakhe ukuthi abhale i-athikili ye-Genetic Literacy Project ngesihloko esithi "ukusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane kuvame ukukhuphuka" lapho abalimi beshintshela kwimodeli engeyona eye-GMO ukuhlinzeka izindawo zokudlela ezinjengeChipotle. I- esihlokweni, obhaliswe ngokuhlanganyela ngu-Entine futhi etusa ubulungu bakhe be-UC Davis, wehluleka ukufakazela leso simangalo ngedatha.

Iqembu le-biotech spin elenziwe ngokubambisana iBioFortified

UDkt. Ronald wasungula futhi wakhonza njengelungu lebhodi (2012-2015) le I-Biology Fortified, Inc. (i-Biofortified), iqembu elithuthukisa ama-GMO kanye ineqembu lesishoshovu sozakwethu lokho kuyahlela imibhikisho yokubhekana nabagxeki baseMonsanto. Abanye babaholi beBiofortified kufaka phakathi ilungu lebhodi lokusungula uDavid Tribe, isazi sezofuzo e-University of Melbourne owasungula Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo, iqembu elalizimele ngenkathi ethola izimali zezimboni, futhi esebenzisana ne-IFAL ukusingatha iBiotech Literacy Project “camp boot” e-UC Davis.

Owayelilungu lebhodi uKevin Folta (2015-2018), usosayensi wezitshalo eNyuvesi yaseFlorida isihloko sendaba yeNew York Times ebika ukuthi udukise umphakathi ngokusebenzisana kwemboni okungadalulwanga. Ama-blogger ase-Biofortified afaka uSteve Savage, owake waba khona Isisebenzi saseDuPont saphenduka umxhumanisi wemboni; UJoe Ballanger, a umxhumanisi weMonsanto; no-Andrew Kniss, one uthole imali evela kuMonsanto. Imibhalo iphakamisa ukuthi amalungu eBiofortified axhumene nge imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane emkhankasweni wokunxenxa ukuphikisa imikhawulo yezibulala-zinambuzane eHawaii.

Udlale indima ehamba phambili kumabhayisikobho e-propaganda axhaswa ngezimboni

UDkt. Ronald uveze ngokugqamile kwiFood Evolution, ifilimu eliwumbhalo mayelana nokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okuxhaswa yiqembu lezokuhweba i-Institute for Food Technologists. Inqwaba yezifundiswa zinayo wabiza inkulumo-ze yefilimu, nabantu abambalwa okwaxoxwa nabo ngefilimu ichaze inqubo ekhohlisayo yokuqopha ifilimu futhi wathi imibono yabo ikhishwe kumongo.

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2017/06/gmo-industry-propaganda-film-food-evolution/

Umeluleki womkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi obususelwa eCornell

UDkt Ronald usebhodini lokweluleka leCornell Alliance for Science, umkhankaso we-PR ozinze eCornell University okhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane usebenzisa imiyalezo yezimboni zezolimo. Ixhaswe ngokuyinhloko yiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, iCornell Alliance for Science inayo waphikisana nokusetshenziswa koMthetho Wenkululeko Yolwazi ukuphenya izikhungo zikahulumeni, udukise umphakathi ngolwazi olungaqondile nezithunywa eziphakeme ezingathembekile; bheka imibhalo ekhasini lethu lamaqiniso.

Uthola imali evela embonini yezolimo

Imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know ikhombisa ukuthi uDkt Ronald uthola isinxephezelo ezinkampanini zezolimo ukuze akhulume emicimbini lapho ekhuthaza khona ama-GMO kubabukeli abakhulu izinkampani ezifuna ukubathonya, njengodokotela bezokudla. Ama-imeyili asuka kuNovemba 2012 ahlinzeka ngesibonelo sendlela uDkt Ronald asebenza ngayo nezinkampani.

Umsebenzi waseMonsanto uWendy Reinhardt Kapsak, udokotela wezokudla owake wasebenzela imboni yokudla spin iqembu IFIC, wamema uRonald ukuba azokhuluma ezingqungqutheleni ezimbili ngo-2013, iFood 3000 kanye ne-Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference ne-Expo. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi laba ababili kuxoxiswane ngezimali nokuthengwa kwezincwadi futhi wavuma ukuthi uDkt. Ronald uzokhuluma eFood 3000, ingqungquthela eyayihlelwe yinkampani ye-PR uPorter Novelli uKapsak athi izofinyelela "kwabezindaba abaphezulu abangama-90 ababa nomthelela wokudla kanye nabadlondlobele." (UDkt. Ronald ukhokhe u- $ 3,000 kulo mcimbi). UKapsak ucele buyekeza amaslayidi kaDkt. Ronald bese usetha ucingo lokuxoxa ngemiyalezo. Futhi kuphaneli bekukhona umongameli uMary Chin (udokotela wezokudla okwathi ubonisana neMonsanto), kanye nabamele iBill & Melinda Gates Foundation neMonsanto, noKapsak enikeza izinkulumo zokuvula. UKapsak ubike kamuva ukuthi iphaneli lithole ukubuyekezwa okukhulu ngabahlanganyeli bethi bazokwabelana ngombono wokuthi, "Kufanele sibe ne-biotech yokusiza ukondla umhlaba. "

Ezinye izingxoxo zokuxhaswa kwezimboni zikaDkt Ronald zifake owe-2014 inkulumo eMonsanto ngoba $ 3,500 kanye namakhophi wencwadi yakhe ayi-100 yena unqabile ukuthumela ku-tweet mayelana; nokubandakanyeka kokukhuluma ngo-2013 akubhalisele IBayer AG nge $ 10,000.

Amaphepha ahoxisiwe

I-Watch Retraction ibike ukuthi, “u-2013 ubungunyaka onzima kusazi sezinto eziphilayo uPamela Ronald. Ngemuva kokuthola iprotheni ebonakala ivusa amasosha omzimba elayisi ukuvikela isifo esivamile sebhaktheriya - esikisela indlela entsha yokwakha izitshalo ezingamelana nezifo - yena nethimba lakhe kwadingeka bahoxise amaphepha amabili ngo-2013 ngemuva kokuthi bengakwazanga ukuphindaphinda abakutholile. Amacala: uhlobo lwebhaktheriya olubhalwe kabi kanye ne-assay eguquguqukayo kakhulu. Kodwa-ke, ukunakekela nokusebenza obala akubonisile kwamzuzela 'ukwenza okulungile'wavuma kithi ngaleso sikhathi. "

Bona ukumbozwa:

"Wenzani ngokuhlehlisa okubuhlungu? I-Q & A enoPamela Ronald noBenjamin Swessinger, " I-Watch Retraction (7.24.2015)

"Ngabe isithunzi sesayensi sikaPamela Ronald, ubuso bomphakathi bamaGMOs, singasindiswa?”NguJonathan Latham, Izindaba Ezizimele Zesayensi (11.12.2013)

"UPamela Ronald wenza okulungile futhi, ehoxisa iphepha leSayensi, " I-Watch Retraction (10.10.2013)

"Ukwenza okulungile: Abaphenyi bahoxisa iphepha lokuzwa ikhoramu ngemuva kwenqubo yomphakathi, " I-Watch Retraction (9.11.2013)

Indlela Abadukisa Ngayo UTamar Haspel Abafundi BeWashington Post

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UTamar Haspel yintatheli ezimele ebilokhu ibhala amakholomu okudla nyangazonke eWashington Post kusukela ngo-Okthoba 2013. Amakholomu kaHaspel avame ukukhuthaza nokuvikela imikhiqizo yezimboni zezolimo, kuyilapho ethola nezinkokhelo zokukhuluma emicimbini ehambisana nemboni, futhi kwesinye isikhathi evela emaqenjini ezimboni - umkhuba owaziwa ngokuthi yi "buckraking" ophakamisa imibuzo mayelana nokuqonda.

Ukubuyekezwa kwamakholomu kaHaspel eWashington Post kuphakamisa okunye ukukhathazeka: ezimweni eziningi, uHaspel wehlulekile ukudalula noma achaze ngokuphelele ukuxhumana kwezimboni ngemithombo yakhe, kuncike ezifundweni ezigxilwe embonini, amaqiniso akhethwe ngamakhemikhali okuxhasa izikhundla zomkhakha noma acaphune inkulumo-ze yezimboni ngokungafanele . Bona ukubuyekezwa komthombo nezinye izibonelo ezichazwe ngezansi. UHaspel ubengakaphenduli emibuzweni yale ndatshana.

Ukubheja ekushayweni kokudla: ukushayisana kwezintshisekelo?

Engxoxweni yango-2015 eyayiqhutshwa yiWashington Post, ephendula umbuzo wokuthi ngabe uyayithola yini imali emithonjeni yezimboni, uHaspel wabhala lokho, "Ngiyakhuluma futhi ngilinganisa amaphaneli nezimpikiswano kaningi, futhi kungumsebenzi engikhokhelwa wona." Udalula ukuzibandakanya kwakhe kokukhuluma kuye iwebhusayithi yomuntu siqu, kepha ayivezi ukuthi yiziphi izinkampani noma amaqembu okuhweba amxhasa ngemali noma ngamanani abawanikezayo.

Lapho ebuzwa ukuthi uthathe malini embonini yezolimo kanye namaqembu ayo angaphambili, UHaspel ubhale kuTwitter, “Njengoba noma yiliphi iqembu elikholelwa ukuthi i-biotech linokuthile elikunikezayo 'liqembu eliphambili,' inala!”

Ngokusho the Amazinga we-Washington Post kanye Nezimiso Zokuziphatha, izintatheli azikwazi ukwamukela izipho, ukuhamba mahhala, ukuphathwa ngendlela ekhethekile noma ukwamukelwa mahhala emithonjeni yezindaba, futhi “kufanele zenze wonke umzamo wokuhlala kubalaleli, zingashiyi inkundla, zibike izindaba, hhayi ukwenza izindaba.” Le mithetho ayisebenzi kuma-freelancers kodwa, futhi iphepha likushiyela kubahleli ukuthi bathathe isinqumo.

UHaspel uchaza inqubo yakhe yokwamukela izingxoxo zokukhokha ezikhokhelwayo kuye iwebhusayithi yomuntu siqu: ukuthi imicimbi iyizimpikiswano ezakhayo mayelana nezindaba zokudla ezibandakanya amaphimbo amaningi kunezinkampani ezenza inzuzo. Akuyona yonke imicimbi esohlwini lwakhe ebonakala ihambisana naleyo mibandela (bona “imicimbi yokuqeqeshwa kwemiyalezo ye-biotech” imicimbi yokuqeqeshwa komyalezo exhaswa ngezimboni echazwe ngezansi). Umhleli kaHaspel uJoe Yonan usho kanje unethezekile ngendlela uHaspel asebenza ngayo ekukhulumisaneni okukhokhelwayo futhi uthola ukuthi "kuyisilinganiso esifanelekile." 

Ukuphawula okwengeziwe okuvela kuHaspel nakuYonan kubikwa lapha, "I-Buckraking kwi-Food Beat: Kunini lapho kungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo?" by Stacy Malkan (Ubulungiswa kanye nokunemba ekubikeni, 2015). Bheka futhi, "Umbiko omfushane ngezintatheli ezintathu okukhulunywe ngazo kwizicelo zethu ze-FOIA," nguGary Ruskin (I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi, 2015). Ngemibono evela kuzintatheli nabahleli bebhakede, bheka ukubika kukaKen Silverstein (IHarper's, ngo-2008).

Ukuthatha isigqi se-GMO

UHaspel waqala ukubhala ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo ku- Mashi 2013 ku-Huffington Post ("Iya eFrankenfish! Kungani Sidinga i-GM Salmon"). Imibhalo yakhe ngezinye izihloko ezihlobene nokudla yaqala ukuvela eWashington Post naseHuffPo ngo-2011 nakwezinye izindawo kusukela maphakathi nawo-1990. Okokugcina kukaHaspel uchungechunge lwezihloko zeHuffington Post kwaqhubeka ngesihloko semikhiqizo yezimboni yezolimo, ngamabhulogi wokukhishwa kwezifundo mayelana nezingozi ezingaba khona ze- glyphosate futhi Ukudla kwezilwane kwe-GMO, A impikiswano ngokumelene Imikhankaso yokulebula i-GMO kanye ucezu olukhukhumezayo mayelana newebhusayithi yezentengiso yezimboni zezolimo, Izimpendulo ze-GMO.

GMOAnswers.org bekuyingxenye yomkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi obudle izigidi zamarandi i imboni yezolimo yamenyezelwa entwasahlobo ka-2013 ukulwa nokukhathazeka kwabathengi mayelana nokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo ngemuva kwemikhankaso yokuqamba ama-GMO amalebuli.

I-HuffPo Julayi 2013: Isibonelo sendlela iHaspel eyithuthukise ngayo imithombo yezimboni ngokungaqondile. Ezinye izibonelo ezingezansi. 

Ikholomu Elitholakele leWaPo: kumbiwe imibono yezimboni

UHaspel wethule ikholomu yakhe yokudla “Evunjiwe” nyangazonke eWashington Post ku October 2013  ("Ukudla okushintshwe izakhi zofuzo: Kuyini futhi akulona iqiniso") ngesithembiso sokuthi “umbe ujule ukuzama ukuthola ukuthi yini eyiqiniso nokuthi yini engekho empikiswaneni ephathelene nokudla kwethu.” Weluleke abafundi ukuthi babone ukuthi “ungamethemba ngubani” empikiswaneni ye-GMO futhi wakhomba amaqembu amaningi angazange aluphumelele uvivinyo lwakhe lokungakhethi (i-Union of Concerned Scientists phakathi kwabo).

I-Haspel November 2013 ikholomu (“okuvunyelwene ngakho yi-GMO: Lapho abasekeli nabaphikisi bavumelana khona”) kunikeze imibono ebanzi ebanzi kusuka kuzintshisekelo zomphakathi kanye nasemithonjeni yezimboni; Kodwa-ke, kumakholomu alandelayo, uHaspel kuyaqabukela ecaphuna amaqembu anentshisekelo yomphakathi futhi abeke isikhala esincane kakhulu kochwepheshe bezempilo yomphakathi kanye nemithombo yedatha kunalokho akwenzayo kwimithombo exhunywe embonini noma kochwepheshe ekuhlaziyweni kobungozi noma "ekuboneni ubungozi" abavame ukubukela phansi impilo yomphakathi nokuphepha ukukhathazeka, kanye nokubukwa kwemboni. Ezimweni eziningana, iHaspel yehlulekile ukudalula noma ichaze ngokuphelele ukuxhumana kwezezimboni nemithombo.

Ikholomu 'yokunyakaza kokudla' okwenziwe umkhakha

Isibonelo esikhombisa ezinye zalezi zinkinga ngezeHaspel January 2016 ikholamu ("Iqiniso elimangazayo ngokuhamba kokudla"), lapho athi khona abantu abakhathalele ubunjiniyela bezakhi zofuzo noma ezinye izici zokukhiqizwa kokudla - "ukunyakaza kokudla" - bayingxenye engezansi yabantu. Akahlanganisanga nezingxoxo nabathengi, ezempilo, ezemvelo noma amaqembu ezobulungiswa azithatha njengengxenye yokunyakaza kokudla.

IHaspel ithole ikholamu ngamaqembu amabili wespin axhaswe ngemali embonini, i- Umkhandlu Wokwaziswa Kwezokudla Womhlaba Wonke futhi UKetchum, inkampani yezobudlelwano bomphakathi eqhuba Izimpendulo ze-GMO. Ngenkathi echaza uKetchum njengenkampani ye-PR "esebenza kakhulu nomkhakha wezokudla," uHaspel akazange adalule ukuthi uKetchum waqashwa imboni yezolimo ukuze ashintshe umbono wabathengi ngokudla kwe-GMO (futhi akazange akhulume ngomlando wehlazo kaKetchum i-flacking yeRussia futhi eqhuba izinhloli ngokumelene namaqembu ezemvelo).

Umthombo wesithathu wekholomu yakhe kwakuyinhlolovo yocingo eneminyaka emibili eyenziwe UWilliam Hallman, umhlaziyi wombono womphakathi ovela kuRutgers obike ukuthi abantu abaningi abanendaba nokubekwa ilebula kwe-GMO. (Ngonyaka owedlule, uHallman noHaspel baxoxisana ngemibono yabathengi mayelana nama-GMO ngokuxhaswa nguhulumeni iphaneli abelane ngayo no-Eric Sachs waseMonsanto.)

Ukusebenzisana namaqembu we-spin spin

Ukusondelana kukaTamar Haspel kanye nokusebenzisana kwakhe nabadlali ababalulekile emizamweni yezobudlelwano nomphakathi embonini yezolimo kuphakamisa okunye ukukhathazeka mayelana nenhloso yakhe.

A isilinganiso sokuphromotha esivela eHaspel ivela ekhasini eliyisiqalo le-STATS / Sense About Science, ichaza ama-STAT "njengabaluleke" ekubikeni kwakhe. Ezinye izintatheli zichaze ama-STATS njenge- umkhankaso wokuvikela umkhiqizo “umkhankaso wokwaziswa okungaziwa”Lokho kusebenzisa amaqhinga kagwayi okukhiqiza ukungabaza ngengozi yamakhemikhali futhi idlala indima ebalulekileezombusazwe ze-hardball zokulawulwa kwamakhemikhali. ” I-2016 Indaba ku-The Intercept ichaze izibopho zikagwayi ze-STATS ne-Sense About Science (ezihlanganiswe ngonyaka wezi-2014 ngaphansi kokuqondiswa kaTrevor Butterworth) nendima abayidlalayo ekuphusheni imibono yezimboni ngesayensi.

Ubudlelwano bomphakathi ngo-2015 idokhumenti yamasu waqamba igama elithi Sense About Science phakathi kwe- “abalingani bemboni ”UMonsanto uhlele ukuzibandakanya emkhankasweni wayo "wokulungisa ukukhala" ngokumelene ne-ejensi yocwaningo lomdlavuza yeWorld Health Organisation ukudicilela phansi umbiko mayelana ne-carcinogenicity ye-glyphosate.

Umkhakha wezolimo ujikeleza imicimbi

NgoJuni 2014, iHaspel yayiyi- Ilungu le "faculty" (eceleni kwabamele imboni abambalwa) emcimbini wokuqeqeshwa kwemiyalezo obizwa nge- Ikamu Le-Boot Biotech Literacy Project lokho kwaxhaswa yimboni yezolimo futhi kwahlelwa yi Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, amaqembu amabili aphambili embonini iMonsanto nawo ayikhombe "njengabalingani bemboni" kuyo Uhlelo lwe-2015 PR.

IGenetic Literacy Project ingeyokuqala uhlelo lwe-STATS, kanye ne-Academics Review kwaba usethe ngosizo lweMonsanto kuya hlazisa abagxeki bezimboni ngenkathi ugcina ukusebenzisana izigxivizo zeminwe zifihliwe, ngokuya ngama-imeyili atholwe ngezicelo zamarekhodi womphakathi.

Ikhempu ebihanjelwa yiHaspel ibihlose “ukulungisa kabusha impikiswano mayelana nokudla kanye nempikiswano ye-GMO,” ngokwe-ajenda. UPaul Thacker ubike ngalo mcimbi ku-Okuqhubekayo, "Imboni iphinde yaxhasa ngasese uchungechunge lwezingqungquthela ukuqeqesha ososayensi nezintatheli ukubumba impikiswano ngama-GMO nobuthi be-glyphosate… Kuma-imeyili, abagqugquzeli babhekise kulezi zingqungquthela njengezikhungo zokufundisa ukufunda nge-biotech, kanti izintatheli zichazwa 'njengabalingani.' ”

Izifundiswa ezijwayele amaqhinga we-spin we-corporate zibuyekeze imibhalo yekamu ebhuthini ngesicelo sikaThacker. “Lezi yizinto ezicindezelayo,” kusho uNaomi Oreskes, uprofesa womlando wesayensi eHarvard University. "Kusobala ukuthi kuhloswe ngakho ukukholisa abantu ukuthi izitshalo ze-GMO zinenzuzo, ziyadingeka, futhi aziyona ingozi eyenele ukufakazela ukufakwa kwamagama." UMarion Nestle, uprofesa wezokudla, izifundo zokudla, kanye nempilo yomphakathi eNyuvesi yaseNew York, uthe, "Uma izintatheli ziya ezingqungqutheleni ezikhokhelwa ukuya kuzo, kumele zisole ngokusobala."

UCami Ryan, owayesebenza ekamu ebhuthini owaqhubeka nokusebenzela iMonsanto, kuphawulwe ku- ukuhlolwa komhlangano ababambiqhaza babefuna, "Izikhathi eziningi ze-Haspel-ish, ama-Ropeik-ish." UDavid Ropeik ungumeluleki wokubona ngobungozi kabani amaklayenti afaka iBayer nezinye izinkampani zamakhemikhali, nobani Haspel esetshenziswe njengomthombo kukholamu abhale ngayo nge-glyphosate.

Usuku lwe-2015 lwe-biotech literacy noKevin Folta 

NgoMeyi 2015, uHaspel wethule inkulumo ethi “usuku lwe-biotechnology literacy kanye nezokuxhumana”E-University of Florida ehlelwe nguKevin Folta, uprofesa oxhumene nomkhakha wezolimo ezimayelana Nomphakathi futhi imizamo yokunxenxa. UFolta wayefake iHaspel ku Isiphakamiso wasithumela eMonsanto efuna ukuxhaswa ngezimali emicimbini ayichaze “njengesixazululo senkinga yokuxhumana nge-biotech” esivela “ekulawuleni umbono womphakathi” kanye “nokuqinisa kwabo imizamo yokufaka ilebula yokudla ngokungadingekile.” Ikhasi 4 le- Isiphakamiso uchaze umcimbi ozofaka oprofesa be-UF “nabanye abaningi abalethwe bevela ngaphandle kubandakanya nabamele imboni, ongoti bezintatheli kwezokuxhumana kwezesayensi (isib. . ”

Monsanto isiphakamiso sikaFolta esixhaswe ngemali, bakubiza ngokuthi “indlela enhle evela eceleni yokuthuthukisa uhlobo lokukhuthaza esifuna ukuluthuthukisa.” (Imali ibiyi ezanikelwa endaweni yokudla ngo-Agasti 2015 ngemuva kokuthi uxhaso lube sesidlangalaleni.)

Ngo-Ephreli 2015, uFolta wabhalela uHaspel ngemininingwane emayelana nomcimbi wokuqeqeshwa kwemiyalezo, “Sizobhekana nezindleko kanye ne-honorary, noma yini edingekayo. Izethameli kuzoba ososayensi, odokotela kanye nabanye ochwepheshe okudingeka bafunde ukuthi bangakhuluma kanjani nomphakathi. ”

UHaspel uphendule wathi, "Ngingene impela," futhi udlulise i-anecdote evela kwelinye iphaneli "lokuxhumana ngesayensi" elisanda kushintsha umbono womuntu mayelana neMonsanto. "Kungenzeka ukuhamba phambili, kodwa ngiyaqiniseka ukuthi kungenxa yokuxhumana komuntu nomuntu," kusho uHaspel ebhalela uFolta.

The i-ajenda efakwe kungobo yomlando ngosuku lokuxhumana eFlorida lubhale izikhulumi njengoHaspel, Folta, abanye osolwazi abathathu be-UF, isisebenzi saseMonsanto uVance Crowe kanye nabamele Kwenziwe kabusha futhi Isikhungo Sobuqotho Bokudla (amanye amaqembu amabili iMonsanto ebizwa ngokuthi abalingani bomkhakha isu layo le-PR lokuvikela i-glyphosate). Kwenye imeyili kuFolta, UHaspel wakuthakasela ukuhlangana noCrowe, “Ngikubheke ngabomvu lokhu. (Bengifuna ukuhlangana noVance Crowe - ngijabule kakhulu ukuthi uzobe ekhona.) ”

Ukuziphatha nokudalulwa

NgoSepthemba 2015, iThe New York Times yaveza uFolta ku- indaba esekuqaleni ngu-Eric Lipton mayelana nokuthi amaqembu embonini athembele kanjani kwizifundiswa ukulwa nempi yokulebula i-GMO. U-Lipton ubike ngesicelo sikaFolta sokuqoqa imali esiya eMonsanto, nokuthi uFolta ubelokhu esho esidlangalaleni ukuthi akanabo ubudlelwano neMonsanto.

UHaspel ubhalele uFolta ezinyangeni ezimbalwa kamuva, "Ngiyaxolisa kakhulu ngalokho osudlule kukho, futhi kuyakhathaza lapho ukuhlaselwa okunenhliziyo embi, kunabahlanganyeli kufihla izingqinamba zangempela - kwezesayensi kanye nasekubonakaliseni izinto obala, zombili lezi zinto ezibaluleke kakhulu." UHaspel ubalule ukuthi ubesebenza neNational Press Foundation ukuthuthukisa ukungqubuzana okungcono kwamazinga wenzalo yezintatheli ezizimele.

IHaspel kwakuyi 2015 umuntu weNational Press Foundation (iqembu elixhaswe ngemali yizinkampani, kufaka phakathi IBayer neDuPont). Kundatshana abhalele yona i-NPF mayelana izimiso zokuziphatha zabasebenza ngokuzimela, UHaspel uxoxe ngokubaluleka kokudalulwa futhi wachaza nenqubo yakhe yokukhuluma emicimbini kuphela uma ababambiqhaza okungebona bezimboni nemibono ehlukahlukene bebandakanyekile - imigomo engafinyelelwanga yimicimbi ye-biotech literacy. Ikhasi lokudalula ku- iwebhusayithi yakhe ayivezi ngokunembile i- abahlanganisi nabaxhasi wekamu lebhuthi lokufunda nokubhala le-biotech ka-2014. UHaspel akayiphendulanga imibuzo ephathelene nemicimbi yokufunda nge-biotech.

Ukubuyekezwa komthombo: ukubika okulahlekisayo ngama-pesticides

Ukubuyekezwa komthombo kwamakholomu amathathu kaTamar Haspel eWashington Post ngesihloko semithi yokubulala izinambuzane kutholakale okuningi okuphathelene nezibonelo zemithombo engaxhunywanga exhunywe embonini, ukushiywa kwedatha nokubikwa okungaphandle komongo okusebenzise ukuqinisa imiyalezo embonini yezibulala-zinambuzane ukuthi imithi yokubulala izinambuzane ayiyona inkinga futhi organic akuyona inzuzo enkulu. Ukubuyekezwa komthombo kuhlanganisa lamakholomu amathathu:

  • “Ingabe okuphilayo kungcono empilweni yakho? Ukubheka ubisi, inyama, amaqanda, umkhiqizo kanye nenhlanzi ”(April 7, 2014)
  • “Yikhemikhali iMonsanto elincike kuyo. Kuyingozi kangakanani? ” (October 2015)
  • "Iqiniso ngomkhiqizo ophilayo kanye ne-pesticides" (Kwangathi 21, 2018)

Kuncike emithonjeni exhunywe embonini; yehlulekile ukudalula ubudlelwane bemboni yabo

Kuwo womathathu amakholomu aboniswe kulokhu kubuyekezwa komthombo, iHaspel yehlulekile ukudalula ukuxhumana kwemikhakha yezibulala-zinambuzane emithonjeni esemqoka eyehlisa ubungozi bemithi yokubulala izinambuzane. Akukho nokukodwa kokuxhuma embonini okulandelayo okukhulunywe ngakho kumakholomu akhe kusukela ngo-Agasti 2018 ngenkathi lokhu kubuyekezwa kushicilelwa.

Embikweni wakhe we-2018 "weqiniso mayelana nomkhiqizo wemvelo kanye ne-pesticides," uHaspel unikeze abafundi "umbono wobungozi obukhulu" kusuka ekuvezweni kwezibulala-zinambuzane okwandayo ngokucaphuna isifundo lokho kulinganisa ubungozi bokudla izibulala-zinambuzane kusuka ekudleni kuya ewayinini yokuphuza. UHaspel akazange adalule ukuthi ababhali abane kwabahlanu balolo cwaningo babeqashwe yiBayer Crop Sciences, engomunye wabakhiqizi abakhulu bezibulala-zinambuzane emhlabeni. Akazange futhi adalule ukuthi ucwaningo ekuqaleni lwalunephutha eliqhakazile elalilungiswa kamuva (noma ngabe wayexhumanisa nocwaningo lokuqala nolungisiwe). Ucwaningo ekuqaleni lwabika ingozi elingana nokuphuza ingilazi eyodwa yewayini njalo iminyaka eyisikhombisa; kamuva yalungiswa yaba ingilazi eyodwa yewayini njalo izinyanga ezintathu; Lelo phutha namanye amaningi akhonjwe kuwo incwadi eya kulo magazini ososayensi abaningana abachaze ucwaningo lwewayini "njengolulula ngokweqile noludukisa kakhulu."

Ukuchitha ukukhathazeka ngemiphumela yokuhlangana kokuchayeka kwizibulala-zinambuzane eziningi, uHaspel ucaphune enye cwaningo kusuka kumbhali okuyiwona kuphela onxuse i-Bayer ocwaningweni olunamaphutha lokuqhathanisa iwayini, futhi “a Umbiko we-2008”Lokho“ kwenza ukuhlolwa okufanayo. ” Ababhali balowo mbiko wango-2008 bahlanganisa u-Alan Boobis no-Angelo Moretto, izifundiswa ezimbili ezabanjwa ku ukungqubuzana kwehlazo lenzalo ngo-2016 ngoba babe ngusihlalo wephaneli le-UN elakhipha i-glyphosate engcupheni yomdlavuza ngasikhathi sinye njengoba babephethe izikhundla zobuholi e I-International Life Sciences Institute, iqembu elingenzi nzuzo elithole okukhulu iminikelo evela embonini yezibulala-zinambuzane.

Kwikholamu yakhe yango-2015 emayelana nobungozi be-glyphosate, “ikhemikhali iMonsanto incike kuyo,” uHaspel ucaphune imithombo emibili exhumene nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane angayidalulanga: uKeith Solomon, usosayensi wezobuthi owabhala amaphepha nge-glyphosate ixhaswe nguMonsanto (futhi ngubani uMonsanto ukukhuthaza njengomthombo); noDavid Ropeik, ongumxhumanisi wokubona ngobungozi ohambisana neHarvard naye onenkampani yePR amaklayenti afaka iDow, iDuPont neBayer. UHaspel noRopeik bakhulume ndawonye emkhakheni wezolimo imiyalezo exhaswe umkhakha ukuqeqeshwa ikamu ebhuthini e-University of Florida e 2014.

Kwikholamu yakhe yango-2014 mayelana nokuthi izinsalela zezibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni zibeka engcupheni yini ezempilo, uHaspel wethule ukungabaza ngezingozi zezempilo ze-organophosphates, isigaba semithi yokubulala izinambuzane exhumene ukulimala kwemizwa ezinganeni, Nge ukubuyekeza ethola ukuthi "izifundo ze-epidemiological azizange zithinte ngokuqinile noma imuphi umuthi wokubulala izinambuzane njengoba uhlobene kakhulu nemiphumela emibi yokukhula kwezinzwa ezinganeni nasezinganeni." Umbhali oholayo wayengu- UCarol Burns, usosayensi eDow Chemical Company, ongomunye wabakhiqizi abakhulu be-organophosphates ezweni.

Leyo kholamu ibuye yasebenzisa imboni eya kusosayensi wezobuthi uCarl Winter njengomthombo wokuqinisekisa ukuphepha kwezinsalela zezibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni okususelwa ekuhlolweni kwe-EPA. IMonsanto yayikhona ukugqugquzela umsebenzi kaBusika ngaleso sikhathi ezindaweni zokukhuluma, kanti uBusika naye wakhonza kwi ibhodi lokweluleka ngesayensi weqembu elixhaswe ngemali yiMonsanto Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, okuyinto ngiziqhayisa kokuthunyelwe kwebhulogi ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezedlule mayelana nokushicilelwa kwe-anti-organic okwakucaphuna umfana wabo, "umeluleki we-ACSH uDkt. Carl Winter."

Idukisiwe nokubikwa okungaphandle kokuqukethwe

Kwikholamu yakhe yango-2014, uHaspel wasebenzisa iphepha lika-2012 yiAmerican Academy of Pediatrics ngaphandle komongo ukuqinisa impikiswano yakhe yokuthi ukudla i-organic kungahle kunganikeli izinzuzo zezempilo, kepha akabazisanga abafundi ngobubanzi obugcwele besifundo noma iziphetho. I- Iphepha le-AAP walandisa ngobufakazi obuningi besayensi obukhombisa ukulinyazwa kwezingane kusuka kokuchayeka okunzima nokuhlala isikhathi eside kuya kuma-pesticides ahlukahlukene, futhi waphetha ngokuthi, "Ukuchayeka kwezingane emithini yokubulala izinambuzane kufanele kukhawulelwe ngangokunokwenzeka." Lo mbiko ucaphune ubufakazi bokuthi “kwehle ngokushesha okukhulu ekukhishweni komchamo kwama-metabolites ezibulala-zinambuzane” ezinganeni ezidla ukudla okungokwemvelo. I-AAP nayo ikhishiwe izincomo zenqubomgomo ukunciphisa ukutholakala kwezingane emithini yokubulala izinambuzane.

UHaspel washiya wonke lowo mongo futhi wabika kuphela ukuthi umbiko we-AAP, “waphawula ukuhlangana phakathi kokuvezwa kwe-organophosphate nezinkinga zezinzwa ezitholakale kwezinye izifundo kodwa waphetha ngokuthi kusengakacaci ukuthi ukwehliswa kokuchayeka ngokudla izinto eziphilayo kungaba 'emtholampilo efanele. '”

Kwikholamu yakhe yango-2018, uHaspel wadukisa wabika ukuthi i-chlorpyrifos ye-pesticide “kube yimpi phakathi kwamaqembu ezemvelo, afuna ukuthi ivinjelwe, ne-EPA, engafuni” - kepha akabazisanga abafundi ngephuzu elisemqoka: ukuthi i-EPA wayencome ukuvinjelwa i-chlorpyrifos ngenxa yobufakazi obandayo bokuthi ukutholakala kokubeletha kungahle kwenzeke ube nemiphumela ehlala njalo ebuchosheni bezingane. I-ejensi ihlehlise inkambo kuphela ngemuva kwe- UTrump EPA waphazamisa. UHaspel uthole umusho wakhe odukisayo othi “amaqembu ezemvelo vs EPA” ngokuxhumanisa neNew York Times ikhasi lemibhalo lokho kunikeze umongo omncane ngesinqumo se-EPA, kunokuxhumanisa nendaba ye-NYT echaze i- umongo wezepolitiki wethonya lenkampani.

Kuncike emithonjeni evumelana 

Kwikholamu yakhe ka-2018, uHaspel usungule impikiswano yakhe yokuthi ukuvezwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni akukhathazi kakhulu isu lokuzibika elisolisayo alisebenzise kwezinye izikhathi: ecacisa isivumelwano phakathi kwemithombo eminingi ayaziyo. Kulokhu, uHaspel ubike ukuthi amazinga ezibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni “aphansi kakhulu” futhi “akufanele ukhathazeke ngawo,” ngokusho kwe- “i-USDA ne-Environmental Protection Agency (kanye nabaningi bezazi ezinobuthi engikhulume nabo iminyaka). ” Yize ebike ukuthi, "Akuwona wonke umuntu onokholo kulezo zivivinyo," uHaspel akazange akhulume ngemithombo engavumelani futhi wakushaya indiva ngokuphelele lokho Umbiko we-American Academy of Pediatrics lokho kuncoma ukwehliswa kokuchayeka kwezingane emithini yokubulala izinambuzane, akubalule ngokungahambisani nekholamu yakhe yango-2014. Kwikholamu yakhe yango-2015 ekhuluma nge-glyphosate waphinde wacaphuna imithombo enomqondo ofanayo, ebika ukuthi usosayensi “ngamunye” akhulume naye “uqaphele ukuthi kuze kuphakame imibuzo yakamuva, i-glyphosate ibiphawuliwe ngokuphepha kwayo.”

Kuphuthelwe idatha efanele 

Idatha efanelekile uHaspel uphuthelwe kuyo ekubikeni kwakhe mayelana nobungozi noma ama-pesticides kanye nezinzuzo zezitatimende ezifakiwe eziphilayo ngamaqembu ezempilo avelele kanye nesayensi yakamuva:

Imibono eminingi yokubika kukaHaspel

  • “Inhlangano yokudla incane? Akuveli lapho sihlala khona, ”kusho uChellie Pingree no-Anna Lappé, Washington Post (2.4.2016)
  • "Umbhali wephephandaba waseWashington Post uyoshaya iMonsanto - futhi," nguStacy Malkan, Ukulunga nokunemba ekubikeni (2.4.2016)
  • Ukubheja kwi-Food Beat: Kunini lapho kungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo khona? ” nguStacy Malkan, Ukulunga nokunemba ekubikeni (10.28.2015)
  • "Impendulo yokuthi 'Ingabe Okuphilayo Kungcono Yini Empilweni Yakho?'” Isikhungo se-Organic (4.8.2014)
  • "Ukuhlaselwa kwe-Organic: Ukuziba isayensi ukwenza icala lokulima ngamakhemikhali," nguKari Hamerschlag noStacy Malkan, Ukulunga nokunemba ekubikeni (7.2014)

I-AgBioChatter: Lapho Izinkampani, Isu Elihleliwe Lezemfundo kuma-GMO, Izibulala-zinambuzane

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

I-AgBioChatter iyi-server yangasese ye-imeyili esetshenziswa yimboni yezolimo kanye nabalingani bayo ukuxhumanisa imisebenzi yokuthumela imiyalezo nokunxenxa. Amalungu ohlu afaka izifundiswa ezixhasa umkhakha wezimboni, abasebenza embonini ephezulu yezolimo kanye nabasebenzisana nomphakathi.

Lokhu idokhumenti yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ikhomba i- “Academics (AgBioChatter)” “njengozakwethu bezimboni” kuTier 2 ezinhlelweni zobudlelwano bomphakathi noMonsanto zokudicilela phansi isithunzi seWorld Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ukuze kuvikelwe isithunzi seRoundup weedkiller. Ngo-Mashi 2015, i-IARC yahlulela i-glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko ku-Roundup, ukuthi ibe mhlawumbe i-carcinogenic kubantu.

Izifundiswa eziningana ze-AgBioChatter nazo zidlala indima ebalulekile kwamanye amaqembu "ophathina bezimboni" aqanjwe ohlelweni lukaMonsanto lwe-PR lokuhlambalaza umbiko we-IARC we-carcinogenicity, kufaka phakathi Izimpendulo ze-GMO, Ukuhlukaniswa, Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa futhi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi.

Ingemuva: IMonsanto Ithembele Kulaba "Ozakwethu" Ukuhlasela Ososayensi Abaphezulu Bomdlavuza

Ama-imeyili we-AgBioChatter axhunywe ngezansi - kanye neminye imibhalo etholakele ngu-US Ilungelo Lokwazi futhi manje isingathwe endaweni Ingobo yomlando Yemibhalo Yezimboni ze-UCSF - nikeza izibonelo eziningi zokuthi amaqembu ezifundiswa nezimboni asebenzisana kanjani ngezindlela ezicashile zokududula imiyalezo ehambisanayo nomkhakha kuzingxenyekazi ezahlukahlukene ukukhiqiza ukungabaza ngezingozi zezempilo nezemvelo zemithi yokubulala izinambuzane nama-GMO.

Izitolo zabezindaba emhlabeni jikelele babike ngalokhu kusebenzisana ekusithekeni ukukhuthaza imibono yezimboni ngesayensi nokuphikisana nemithethonqubo.

Imizamo ye-US Right to Know yokwenza izinto obala

I-US Right to Know ithole ama-imeyili we-AgBioChatter ngo-2016 nango-2017 ngesicelo samarekhodi womphakathi. NgoJulayi 2017, i-US Right to Know wamangalela iNyuvesi yaseFlorida ngokwehluleka kwayo ukukhipha amarekhodi omphakathi aceliwe afaka imboni yezolimo kanye noprofesa abaxhaswe umphakathi, kufaka phakathi imibhalo evela esithangamini se-AgBioChatter.

NgoMashi 2018, ijaji laseFlorida lalichitha leli cala, lathi ama-imeyili e-AgBioChatter “ayeyizinto zomuntu siqu ezazivela kubantu bakaKevin Folta kuphela” hhayi ibhizinisi lasenyuvesi lomphakathi. Ngemininingwane engaphezulu, bheka i- imibhalo yenkantolo.

Ukusabalala okuhlobene nabezindaba

  • Inkululeko Yokweseka I-Press, "Yeka ukuthi izinkampani zikucindezela kanjani ukudalulwa kwamarekhodi omphakathi mayelana nazo," nguCamille Fassett (2/27/18)
  • I-New York Times, “I-Food Industry Yabhalisa Izifundiswa ku-GMO labeling war, Emails Show,” ebhalwe ngu-Eric Lipton; futhi ingobo yomlando ye-imeyili, "UProfesa waseFlorida usebenza nemboni ye-Biotech" (9/5/2015)
  • I-Alternet, “Ngabe kukhona okushaya amanzi okwenzekayo phakathi kweYunivesithi yaseFlorida nemboni yezolimo? Abathengi banelungelo lokwazi, ”nguDaniel Ross, i-Alternet (2/13/18)

Okuqukethwe kohlu lwe-AgBioChatter

The Ama-imeyili we-AgBioChatter atholakele ngokusebenzisa izicelo zomlando wamarekhodi womphakathi (amakhasi ayi-142) abonisa izifundiswa nabasebenzi bemboni yezolimo abaxhumanisa amaphuzu okukhuluma ukuze baphikise ukufakwa kwelebizo le-GMO, bakhuthaze futhi bavikele ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, bagxeke imboni, futhi bagweme izicelo zoMthetho weNkululeko Yolwazi ngemininingwane ephathelene noprofesa abakhokhelwa nguhulumeni.

Ingqikithi enkulu yama-imeyili (futhi ikakhulukazi indima yelungu lohlu uJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto) kwakuwukuhlonza abagxeka imboni yezolimo namathuba okubahlasela. Lapha kubalwa uMehmet Oz, uVandana Shiva, uDon Huber, i-Consumers Union nabanye.

Enye indikimba ebalulekile kuma-imeyili e-AgBioChatter yimizamo yokuhlela izifundo zesayensi eziphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngobungozi bama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane ngokuthi "ziqhutshwa yi-ajenda," kanti izifundo ezibika kahle ngemikhiqizo yezimboni yezolimo "ziyi-pro science."

Ezemfundo, ukusebenzisana kwezimboni 

Ngokwama-imeyili atholakele kuze kube manje ngezicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi, izifundiswa, abasebenzi bemboni yezolimo, abeluleki kanye nezinkampani ze-PR babambe iqhaza ohlwini lwama- "Chatter".

Abahlanganyeli abaziwayo babhalwe ngezansi kanye nezibopho zabo kokunye "Amaqembu abalingani bezimboni" iqanjwe ohlelweni lwe-PR lukaMonsanto ukuze hlela ukukhala ngokumelene nephaneli yomdlavuza we-IARC. Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngala maqembu, bheka amaphepha ethu eqiniso:

Futhi okuphawulwe ngezansi yizibopho eziya ku- Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, iqembu langaphambili elithola imali yenkampani ukuze ukukhuthaza imibono yezimboni ngesayensi futhi bahlasele abagxeki.

Izixhumanisi ezigcinwe kulondolozo lwe-Genetic Literacy Project zinikeza umuzwa wokuthumela imiyalezo evamile, ephindaphindwayo la maqembu angaphambili kanye nezifundiswa zisebenzisa ukukhuthaza ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane, zama ukudicilela phansi abagxeki, ukuphikisana nokwesulwa kanye nokuphikisana nemizamo yokwenza izinto obala.

Amalungu ohlu lwe-AgBioChatter 

Ama-imeyili atholwe ngezicelo zamarekhodi womphakathi akhombisa ukuthi laba bantu abalandelayo babeku-listerver ye-AgBioChatter njengezinsuku ezikuma-imeyili.

Andrew Apel, imboni yezolimo umxhumanisi nomhleli wangaphambili yencwajana yomkhakha webhayoloji i-AgBiotech Reporter

UGraham Brooks, Isazi Sezomnotho Wezolimo, i-PG Economics Ltd, e-UK

UJay Byrne, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto; umongameli we v-Fluence Interactive inkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi

UBruce Chassy, ​​PhD, USolwazi Emeritus Wezokuphepha Kokudla kanye neSayensi Yezomsoco, iYunivesithi yase-Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign

UJon Entine, umqondisi we-Genetic Literacy Project, uMonsanto “ongumlingani wemboni”

UKevin Folta, PhD, USolwazi noSihlalo, uMnyango Wezesayensi Yezolimo, iYunivesithi yaseFlorida

I-Val Giddings, i-PhD, umxhumanisi wemboni, owayengu-VP wenhlangano yezohwebo ye-BIO

  • Umuntu omkhulu kwa-Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (exhaswe ngamaqembu emikhakha yezemithi, engenazintambo kanye neyezolimo)
  • Usizile ukusetha ukubuyekezwa kwezifundo njenge iqembu eliphambili leMonsanto
  • Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project archives

U-Andy Hedgecock, UDuPont Pioneer owayengumqondisi wezindaba zesayensi

UDrew Kershen, PhD, U-Emeritus Professor, University of Oklahoma, College of Law

UMarcel Kuntz, PhD, umqondisi wocwaningo kwa-CNRS, Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire Végétale, Grenoble, France 

  • Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project archives 

UChris Leaver, PhD, U-Emeritus Professor of Plant Science, eNyuvesi yase-Oxford

Adrienne Massey, PhD, IBiotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO), umphathi ophethe izindaba zesayensi nezomthetho

URobert McGregor, Umhlaziyi Wezinqubomgomo, IPrince Edward Island, eCanada

Alan McHughen, PhD, ENyuvesi yaseCalifornia Riverside

UHenry Miller, MD, esikanye naye eHoover Institution, ihhovisi langaphambili le-FDA le-biotechnology

UVivian Moses, PhD, Isifo Sikashukela Nezempilo, eKing's College London

UPiero Morandini, PhD, umsizi wocwaningo, ENyuvesi yaseMilan

UWayne Parrott, PhD, UProfesa, Ukutshala Ukutshala kanye Nofuzo, University of Georgia

CS Prakash, PhD, UProfesa, i-Plant Genetics, i-Genomics ne-Biotechnology College yeSayensi yezoLimo, ezeMvelo kanye neNutrition, eTuskegee University

UCami Ryan, PhD, IMonsanto, ukuhola kwesayensi yezenhlalo, inqubomgomo yokulawula kanye nezindaba zesayensi eCanada

U-Eric Sachs, PhD, I-Monsanto, ezemvelo, ezenhlalo nezomnotho zihola phambili

U-Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, I-Animal Genetics ne-Biotechnology Cooperative Extension Specialist, iYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eDavis

UKarl Haro von Mogel, PhD, Umqondisi we-Biofortified wesayensi nabezindaba   

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngokutholwe yi-US Right to Know nokusakazwa kwabezindaba mayelana nokusebenzisana phakathi kwamaqembu ezimboni nezifundiswa ezindabeni zokudla, bheka ikhasi lethu lokuphenya. Imibhalo yase-US Right to Know iyatholakala ku- Umtapo Wezincwadi Wezimboni Zamakhemikhali isingathwe yiYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eSan Francisco.

I-SciBabe ithi yidla izibulala-zinambuzane zakho. Kepha ubani omkhokhelayo?

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Isayensi embi yeSciBabe izama ukwenza imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane ibukeke kahle.

Ukubhuloga ngaphansi kwegama SciBabe, UYvette d'Entremont uvikela amakhemikhali anobuthi emikhiqizweni yokudla futhi akhuthaze izibulala-zinambuzane njengeziphephile. Uthole uxhaso ne-honouraria ezinkampanini ezahlukahlukene kanye namaqembu ezimboni.

Ngo-2017, inkampani eyenziwe ngoshukela yokufakelwa iSPLENDA waqasha uSciBabe ukwenza "i-debunk junk science" ukuvikela umkhiqizo wabo. USciBabe ubeyisikhulumi esifakiwe kumakhemikhali ahlukahlukene nasekudleni imicimbi exhaswe imboni njengengqungquthela yango-2017 ye-Atlantic Farm Women exhaswe ngu ICropLife neMonsanto, Umbukiso Wabahlinzeki ngo-2015 lapho inkulumo yakhe yesidlo sasemini ibikhona exhaswe yiDuPont, kanye nomhlangano waminyaka yonke we-CropLife America ka-2016 lapho inkulumo yakhe eyisihluthulelo yayikhona exhaswe nguMonsanto. Ngokusho kwe- Ukudalulwa okubikiwe kwe-webinar yango-2017, d'Entremont usebenza njengomxhumanisi ku-SPLENDA futhi uthole i-honaria evela, phakathi kwabanye, Abakhiqizi Bokunambitheka, Abalimi Bama-Florida Dairy, i-CropLife, i-American Soybean Association kanye ne-CA Beet Growers.

Ezingxoxweni, uSciBabe uvame ukubalula umsebenzi wakhe wangaphambili ebhodini lezibulala-zinambuzane njengesisekelo solwazi lwakhe ngokuphepha kwezibulala-zinambuzane.

Usebenze enkampanini yokubulala izibulala-zinambuzane eyimpikiswano eyayinesivumelwano neMonsanto ukukhuthaza ama-GMO

Ngaphambi kokuba abe yi-blogger yesikhathi esigcwele, uYvette d'Entremont wasebenza njenge-an isazi samakhemikhali sokuhlaziya at I-Amvac Chemical Corporation, “okwenza ibhizinisi elichumayo lithengise ezinye zezibulala-zinambuzane eziyingozi kakhulu emhlabeni,” ngokusho kwendaba yango-2007 kuyi- I-Los Angeles Times:

“I-Amvac ikhuthaze ukukhula kwemali engenayo enamadijithi amabili ngomkhuba webhizinisi ongajwayelekile: Ithenge ezinkampanini ezinkulu amalungelo emithi yokubulala izinambuzane endala, iningi layo lisengozini yokuvinjelwa noma ukuvinjelwa ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngokuphepha. Le nkampani ilwele ukugcina lawo makhemikhali emakethe isikhathi eside ngangokunokwenzeka, eqasha ososayensi nabameli ukuba balwe nezinhlangano ezilawulayo. Ukugxila kwe-Amvac emithini yokubulala izinambuzane endala kubize impilo yabantu kanye nemvelo, ngokusho kweFederal Environmental Agency Agency (EPA) kanye namarekhodi wombuso, uphenyo lwezomthetho kanye nochungechunge lwamacala. Izingozi ezibandakanya izibulala-zinambuzane zale nkampani ziholele ekutheni kuthuthwe omakhelwane futhi kufakwe nobuthi eziningini zabasebenza emasimini eCalifornia nakwezinye izindawo. ”

I-Amvac Chemical Corporation ine- Okukhethekile isivumelwano neDow Chemical Corporation ukuthengisa iLorsban eyenziwe nge-chlorpyrifos, a isibulala-zinambuzane esiyimpikiswano ukuthi amashumi eminyaka ka isayensi iphakamisa ngokuqinile kulimaza ubuchopho bezingane. I-EPA ithe ama-chlorpyrifos kufanele ivinjelwe, kepha isasetshenziswa kabanzi kuma-apula, amawolintshi, ama-strawberry kanye ne-broccoli, futhi i-Amvac iyimaketha njenge “ukukhetha okulungile!”I-Amvac nayo ine- Isivumelwano neMonsanto ukukhuthaza izitshalo zeRoundup Ready GMO.

I-2016 Monsanto ixhase inkulumo yeSciBabe.

Izitatimende ezingamanga mayelana nezibulala-zinambuzane nama-GMO, nethonya le-Amvac

I-SciBabe yenza izimangalo ezingamanga mayelana nezingozi zezempilo kanye nezinqubo zokuphepha zezibulala-zinambuzane, ama-GMO namakhemikhali ekudleni:

  • “Sifakazele ngokukhulu ukucophelela ukuthi, uma bengena ekudleni, [izibulala-zinambuzane] ziphephile kubantu… ngoba sisendaweni elawulwa kakhulu, amathuba okuthi uthole okuthile ekudleni kwakho okungaphephile kuleli qophelo liphansi kakhulu, liphansi kakhulu. Ngisho, ngiphansi ngokweqile. ” (podcast noprofesa waseYunivesithi yaseFlorida UKevin Folta)
  • Okokunandisa okwenziwe kuphephile ngaphandle kobufakazi bokulimala. (SciBabe ibhulogi; Nawa amaqiniso mayelana izingozi zempilo ze-aspartame)
  • Kuma-GMO, “Kunamazinga wokuhlola abucayi akhona avela ku-EPA, FDA, ne-USDA. Ama-GMO ahlolwe kuze kube sekugcineni kwe-DNA. ” (esihlokweni ngoba Iphrojekthi Ye-Genetic Literacy Project)

USciBabe ubonga umsebenzi wakhe wangaphambili ebhodini le-Amvac ngokumkhuthaza ukuthi abambe iqhaza njengomxhumanisi wesayensi:

  • “Ngesikhathi ngisebenza lapho, kulapho-ke lapho ngaqala khona ukungena engxabanweni yalolu hlobo lwempi esinayo kwi-Internet nabantu abathi alukho ucwaningo olwenziwe ngalezi zinambuzane ngaphambi kokuba kuqale imakethe. Futhi ngifana noyebo, ngivele ngikhothe okubi bese ngithi mhlawumbe ngeke zibulale izingane zakho ngaphambi kokukuvumela ukuthi kuthengiswe - okuyinto engikuthembisa yona, akusebenzi kanjalo. ” (i-podcast)
  • "Ngiqale i-blog ngenkathi ngisebenza lapho, futhi ngokwengxenye ngoba bengilokhu ngibona imininingwane emibi kakhulu ku-inthanethi mayelana nezibulala-zinambuzane." (Isayensi Edumile Q&A)
  • “Njalo lapho ngibona impikiswano ku-inthanethi yokuthi (ama-GMO) awahlolelwa ukuphepha, ngangibona ebhodini lami lezibulala-zinambuzane engangisebenza kulo, sasikhona. Ngifana nokuthi, 'Lezi zingavivinyelwa kanjani ukuphepha uma umsebenzi wami ngqo uvivinya ukuphepha?' Futhi kwesinye isikhathi bengichitha amasonto amabili ngilinganisela insimbi eyodwa, futhi ngiyisigaxa esisodwa emshinini. Futhi ngiyazi ukuthi ezinye izinhlangothi zicophelelayo njengami. ” (Isayensi Edumile)

Abangane beqembu langaphambili

Umsebenzi weSciBabe ngu njalo kukhuthazwe ngu izimboni zamakhemikhali amaqembu angaphambili, njenge Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (eye uthole imali kusuka ku-Amvac Chemical Corporation) kanye ne- Iphrojekthi Yezofuzo.

I- "Kevin Folta Fan Club" ungubani wobungani beMonsanto kanye nabavikeli bezibulala-zinambuzane.

I-SciBabe iyingxenye yalokho akubiza nge- "Kevin Folta Fan Club" evikela uprofesa wase-University of Florida owenze kaninginingi izitatimende ezingamanga nezidukisayo. Isithombe seklabhu yabalandeli sibonisa i-d'Entremont noJulie Gunlock we Inkundla Yabesifazane Ezimele, iqembu elixhaswa ngezimali nguKoch lelo abalingani neMonsanto ukwehlisa ukwesaba mayelana nezibulala-zinambuzane; i-propagandist ye-pesticide UJulie Kelly; kanye nesayensi yezenhlalo kaMonsanto kuhola uCami Ryan.

Okuningi ku-Yvette d'Entremont:

  • “USciBabe Akayena Usosayensi Noma Uyingane: UnguBullshit,” Medium
  • “Impendulo kuGawker 'I-Food Babe Blogger igcwele…,” UkudlaBabe
  • "ISciBabe, ekhokhwa ngabakwaSplenda, ithinta umkhiqizo wayo," nguJerry Coyne, PhD, uprofesa e-Univ. waseChicago.

Odokotela, ososayensi batusa ukunciphisa ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala izinambuzane 

Izinsizakusebenza zokufunda kabanzi ngobungozi bezibulala-zinambuzane nemithetho ebuthakathaka eyehluleka ukuvikela impilo:

I-American Academy Yezingane uncoma ukunciphisa ukutholakala kwezingane emithini yokubulala izinambuzane. Nayi i-AAP ka-2012 iphepha lesikhundla sesayensi.

“Ubufakazi be-Epidemiologic bubonisa ukuhlangana phakathi kokuchayeka zisencane kwezibulala-zinambuzane nomdlavuza wezingane, kwehle ukusebenza kwengqondo, nezinkinga zokuziphatha. Izifundo ezihlobene nobuthi bezilwane zihlinzeka ngokusekelwa kwezinto eziphilayo ngokusekelwa kwalokhu okutholakele. Ukubona nokunciphisa ukuvezwa kwezinkinga kuzodinga ukunakekelwa kokuntuleka kwamanje ekuqeqesheni ubudokotela, ukulandela umkhondo wezempilo yomphakathi, kanye nezinyathelo zokulawula izibulala-zinambuzane. ”

Umbiko KaMongameli Wephaneli Yomdlavuza incoma ukwehlisa ukuvezwa kwezingane ekuchayekeni kwemvelo okubangela umdlavuza kanye nokukhuthaza umdlavuza.

“Abantu baseMelika — ngisho nangaphambi kokuba bazalwe — bahlaselwa njalo ngenhlanganisela eyinqwaba yalezi zingozi eziyingozi. IPhaneli ikunxusa kakhulu ukuthi usebenzise amandla ehhovisi lakho ukususa izidalwa zomzimba nezinye izinto ezinobuthi ekudleni kwethu, emanzini nasemoyeni ezikhuphula ngokungadingekile izindleko zokunakekelwa kwempilo, zikhubaze umkhiqizo weSizwe sethu, futhi zichithe izimpilo zabantu baseMelika. ”

Isahluko sikaPresident's Cancer Panel ngemithi yokubulala izinambuzane siqala ekhasini 43:

“Cishe i-1,400 yezibulala-zinambuzane ibhalisiwe (okungukuthi, ivunyelwe) yi-EPA ukuze isetshenziselwe ezolimo nokungasetshenziswa kwezolimo. Ukuchayeka kulawa makhemikhali kuxhunyaniswe nesistimu yezinzwa yobuchopho / emaphakathi, isifuba, ikholoni, amaphaphu, ama-ovari (abashadikazi besifazane), i-pancreatic, izinso, amasende, nomdlavuza wesisu, kanye neHodgkin ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, i-myeloma eminingi, kanye i-sarcoma yezicubu ezithambile. Abalimi abachayeke ngezibulala-zinambuzane, abafaka izibulala-zinambuzane, abashayeli bezindiza zezitshalo, nabakhiqizi nabo batholakale benamazinga aphakeme omdlavuza wendlala yabesilisa, i-melanoma, eminye imidlavuza yesikhumba nomdlavuza wezindebe. ”

Ukuhlolwa Kokukhethwa Kokukhethwa Kokukhetha KwePhalamende laseYurophu le-2016 Kunconywe ukwehliswa kokudla kwezibulala-zinambuzane, ikakhulukazi kwabesifazane nezingane.

Ukuhlolwa kobungozi bezibulala-zinambuzane “akubunaki ubufakazi obuvela ocwaningweni lwezifo ezibonisa imiphumela engemihle yokuchayeka ezingeni eliphansi emithini yokubulala izinambuzane ye-organophosphate ekukhuleni kwengqondo yezingane, yize kunezindleko ezinkulu zokulahlekelwa yi-IQ emphakathini. Yize ukungeniswa kwezithelo nemifino kungafanele kwehliswe, izifundo ezikhona zisekela umgomo wokunciphisa ukutholakala kokudla kuzinsalela ze-pesticides, ikakhulukazi kwabesifazane abakhulelwe nezingane. ”

Ijenali yokuphawula kwe-American Medical Association nguPhillip Landrigan, MD, uncoma ukuthi kudliwe ukudla okuphilayo.

  • "Isimo sethu samanje se-laissez-faire maqondana nokulawulwa kwemithi yokubulala izinambuzane siyasihluleka"
  • "Ubufakazi obuningi buveza ukuthi inzalo yomuntu iyancipha nokuthi imvamisa yokukhubazeka kokuzala iyanda." Lezi zinkambiso “cishe” zixhunyaniswe nokuchayeka kwemvelo kumakhemikhali
  • Bhekafuthi Isifundo seHarvard pesticide / infertility kuJAMAAbaphenyi baseHarvard balandela abesifazane abangama-325 emtholampilo wokuzala iminyaka emibili futhi babika ukuthi abesifazane abadla njalo izithelo nemifino elashwa ngezibulala-zinambuzane banamazinga empumelelo aphansi okukhulelwa i-IVF

Isitatimende sokuvumelana esivela ososayensi abahola phambili: Ukukhathazeka ngezingozi zemithi yokubulala ukhula esekwe ku-glyphosate nezingozi ezihambisana nokuchayeka, i-Environmental Health Journal

Izindaba zakamuva ngemithi yokubulala izinambuzane

I-chlorpyrifos yokubulala izinambuzane kaDow ikhonjiswe ukuthi ilimaza ubuchopho bezingane kanti ososayensi uqobo lwe-EPA bathe ngo-2016 abasakwazi ukufakazela ukuphepha kwesibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni noma emanzini, kodwa isasetshenziswa kakhulu kwezolimo ngenxa yengcindezi yezepolitiki evela embonini yezolimo.

Icala Elinamandla Ngokuphikisana Nesibulala-zinambuzane Alisho I-EPA Ngaphansi Kwetrump, NguRoni Caryn Rabin New York Times

Yilokhu okwenziwa ngumuthi wokubulala izinambuzane ebuchosheni bengane, NguNicholas Kristof New York Times

Ukudlondlobala Kwama-Anti-Women, AmaQembu EzeMpilo Aphikisana Nomphakathi

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Isithombe © Tony Powell. IGala Lesigungu Sabesifazane Esizimele sango-2017. Isiteshi seNyunyana. Novemba 15, 2017

Le ndatshana yavela okokuqala Huffington Post.  

NguStacy Malkan

Esikhathini esidlule soiree e-Union Station, i-DC power elite ihlangane embuthanweni wezempilo omelene nomphakathi ovunule njengombungazo wabesifazane okufanele uthinte noma ngubani okhathalele impilo namalungelo abesifazane nezingane.

Isithangami Esizimele Sabesifazane sidwebe i- uhlu oluhlaba umxhwele osopolitiki beRiphabhulikhi eya kugal yalo yonyaka uxhaswe ngu, phakathi kokunye, i-American Chemistry Council, inkampani kagwayi uPhillip Morris, iqembu lokuhweba embonini yezimonyo, iGoogle kanye nephiko langakwesokudla leAmerican Legislative Exchange Council.

Izikhulumi zifaka uSomlomo weNdlu uPaul Ryan kanye nomeluleki weTrump uKellyanne Conway, onqobe i-IWF Umklomelo We-Valor ngokuba “ngummeli oshisekayo kahulumeni onomkhawulo” ongayamukeli “umqondo wokuthi ukuba ngowesifazane kungukukhubazeka.” IConway futhi iyilungu lebhodi le-IWF.

Manje siyini Isithangami Esizimele Sabesifazane?

IWF yaqala eminyakeni engama-25 edlule njenge- umzamo wokuvikela manje-iNkantolo Ephakeme iJaji uClarence Thomas njengoba ayebhekene namacala okuhlukumeza ngokocansi. Leli qembu selivele kukhuliswe izigidi kusukela ezisekelweni eziyimfihlo zabazalwane bakaKoch nakwabanye ozigidigidi abangamaphiko okudla ukuze bafeze umsebenzi wabo "wokwandisa isibalo sabesifazane abazisa izimakethe zamahhala nenkululeko yomuntu siqu."

Emhlabeni we-IWF - iqembu uJoan Walsh elichazwe ku- The Nation “njengabafazi 'abenza umsebenzi ongcolile kaKoch” - lokho kusho ukuvikela inkululeko yezinkampani yokuthengisa imikhiqizo enobuthi kanye nokungcolisa imvelo, ngenkathi izama ukuhlela leyo ajenda njengefanele abesifazane nezingane.

Ugwayi we-E kufanele uvunyelwe ngenxa ye- izidingo zebhayoloji ezihlukile kwabesifazane, isibonelo, kanye nemfundo yesayensi yezulu yi wethusa kakhulu eyabafundi. (Incwadi e-cig ithi “uPhillip Morris PR ojwayelekile,” uthi Isazi semboni kagwayi uStan Glanz; kanye neGreenpeace ihlukanisa IWF "njengeqembu eliphambili lokuphika isimo sezulu seKoch Industries.")

Abesifazane bangazuza futhi ngokunganaki ukukhathazeka kwe- "alarmist" ngamakhemikhali anobuthi, ngokusho kochungechunge lwezifundo lwe-IWF exhaswe nguMonsanto.

Ukukunika umuzwa wokuthumela imiyalezo kumakhemikhali: Omama abaphikelela ekudleni okungokwemvelo bayazikhukhumeza, bathanda "abazali bezindiza ezinophephela emhlane" abadinga ukulawula konke uma kuziwa ezinganeni zabo, noma indlela ukudla okulinywa nokuphathwa ngayo, ”Ngokusho kukaJulie Gunlock, umqondisi wephrojekthi ye-IWF ye-“ Culture of Alarmism ”, njengoba kucashunwe ku esihlokweni enesihloko esithi "Ubushiqela be-organic mommy mafia" obabhalwa ngumuntu we-IWF.

E-gala ye-IWF, uGunlock uthathe isithombe nge-Monsanto isisebenzi sika-Aimee Hood noJulie Kelly, obhala izindatshana ezifaka ukungabaza ngobungozi besayensi yezulu kanye ne-pesticide, wake wabizwa ngisho iqhawe lesimo sezulu uBill McKibben "ucezwana".

UGunlock noKelly “bangosaziwayo bamatshe,” UHood ubhale kuTwitter.

"Ngikubiyela lokhu," kusho isisebenzi seMonsanto uCami Ryan.

Beka uhlaka kuyo yonke i-shindig bese ubona ubuphukuphuku bezombusazwe ezithwetshulwe ezinkampanini eMelika, lapho abaholi bezinqubomgomo bamukela obala iqembu labesifazane elilwa nabesifazane elilinganisa "inkululeko" nokudla izibulala-zinambuzane ezinobuthi, emcimbini oxhaswe imboni yamakhemikhali , inkampani kagwayi, iqembu eleqisayo elifuna susa iSenethi ekhethwe ngokuvota kanye nomthombo wezindaba onethonya elikhulu emhlabeni.

Okwamanje emhlabeni onengqondo

Isayensi yakamuva ikhombisa ukuthi uma ufuna ukukhulelwa futhi ukhulise izingane ezinempilo, kufanele wenqabe inkulumo-ze yokuthi amaqembu afana ne-Independent Women Forum azama ukuthengisa.

Emasontweni ambalwa edlule, i-Journals of the American Medical Association ishicilele i- Ucwaningo lweHarvard okufaka ukudla okuphethwe zinambuzane ezinkingeni zokuzala, a Ucwaningo lwe-UC San Diego kubhalwa ukwanda okukhulu kokuchayeka komuntu kumuthi wokubulala izinambuzane ojwayelekile, kanye nakudokotela ukuhlaziya ukunxusa abantu ukuthi badle ukudla okungokwemvelo.

Amaqembu amakhulu abelokhu enikeza izeluleko ezifanayo iminyaka.

Ngo-2012, i-American Academy of Pediatrics Kunconywa ukunciphisa ukutholakala kwezingane emithini yokubulala izinambuzane ngenxa ye- izincwadi ezikhulayo exhumanisa izibulala-zinambuzane nezinkinga zempilo ezingapheli ezinganeni, kufaka phakathi izinkinga zokuziphatha, ukukhubazeka kokuzalwa, isifuba somoya kanye nomdlavuza.

Ngo-2009, i-bipartisan Iphaneli Likamdlavuza likaMongameli wabika: “umthwalo weqiniso womdlavuza obangelwa imvelo uye wabukelwa phansi kakhulu.”

Iphaneli linxuse owayenguMongameli wangaleso sikhathi uGeorge W. Bush “kakhulu ukuthi asebenzise amandla ehhovisi lakho ukususa izidalwa zomzimba nezinye izinto ezinobuthi ekudleni kwethu, emanzini nasemoyeni ezikhuphula ngokungadingekile izindleko zokunakekelwa kwempilo, zikhubaze umkhiqizo weSizwe sethu, futhi zichithe izwe laseMelika uyaphila. ”

Ngeshwa esizweni sakithi, ukwenza ngokuvumelana naleso seluleko akukwazanga ohlelweni lwezepolitiki olubhekiswe kuzintshisekelo zebhizinisi.

Ukubanjwa kwezempilo kwezesayensi
Sekungamashumi eminyaka, izinkampani zokubulala izinambuzane zisebenzisa isayensi nezinhlangano ezilawula i-US ukugcina iqiniso lifihliwe ngobungozi bezempilo bamakhemikhali abo.

Imininingwane yembulwa ngamakhulu ezinkulungwane zamakhasi we imibhalo yemboniwakhululwa zomthetho Ukutholakala, abamemeza futhi Izicelo ze-FOIA ezihlolwe ku- ukulalelwa kukahulumeni futhi by abaningi abezindaba Izitolo.

Ukuze uthole amazwibela omkhankaso weMonsanto “wokusebenza isikhathi eside oyimfihlo wokuqopha irekhodi lesayensi, ukuthonya umbono womphakathi, kanye nokuthonya ukuhlolwa kokulawulwa” ku-herbicide glyphosate, bheka le ndatshana yomuntu engisebenza naye uCarey Gillam ku Umagazini i-Undark.

Njengesibonelo esisodwa sombumbano lukahulumeni / lwenkampani: ngo-2015, ewashini labaphathi baka-Obama, isikhulu se-EPA esasiphethe ukuhlola ingozi yomdlavuza we-glyphosate okuthiwa saziqhayisa kumphathi weMonsanto ngokusiza “ukubulala” isifundo somdlavuza wenye inhlangano, njengoba I-Bloomberg ibike.

Ukucindezela isayensi kube yiphrojekthi ekabili, yamashumi eminyaka. Kusukela ngo-1973, uMonsanto wethule isayensi engabazisayo ukufuna ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate ngenkathi i-EPA ibheke kakhulu, njengoba uValerie Brown no-Elizabeth Grossman babhalela Kulezi zikhathi.

UBrown noGrossman bachitha iminyaka emibili behlola ingobo yomlando etholakala esidlangalaleni yemibhalo ye-EPA kwi-glyphosate, futhi babika:

“IGlyphosate yicala elicacile 'lokuthwalwa ngokomthetho' kwenhlangano esebenza ngenhloso yayo yezezimali ngenkathi imibuzo ebucayi ngempilo yomphakathi isalokhu isezindongeni. Irekhodi lisikisela ukuthi eminyakeni engama-44 — ngokusebenzisa abaphathi bomongameli abayisishiyagalombili — abaphathi be-EPA abakaze bazame ukulungisa le nkinga. Ngempela, imboni yezibulala-zinambuzane ithinta ubuchwepheshe bayo obubheke phambili, besimanje njengoba izama ukugcina ucwaningo lwayo ekhabetheni, futhi ithembele emicabangweni engabazekayo nasezindleleni eseziphelelwe yisikhathi kwezobuthi obulawulayo. ”

Babhala ukuthi okuwukuphela kwendlela yokuthola isisekelo sesayensi sokuhlola ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate, “ukuphoqa ukukhanya kwasemini phakathi kwabalawuli nabalawulwa.”

Uhulumeni olinganiselwe usho inkululeko yokulimaza

EWashington kaTrump, akukho ukukhanya kwemini nhlobo phakathi kwezinkampani ezithengisa imikhiqizo eyingozi nezinhlangano okufanele zizilawule.

Umphathi we-EPA uScott Pruitt ukuxosha ososayensi emabhodini ezeluleko nokufaka i-EPA nge abaqokelwe ezombusazwe exhunywe ezimbonini zikawoyela, zamalahle nezamakhemikhali, eziningi zazo ezixhumene nabaphiki besayensi yesimo sezulu.

Njengomunye wakhe Izenzo zokuqala ezisemthethweni, UPruitt waphonsa eceleni izincomo zososayensi be-EPA futhi wavumela iDow Chemical ukuthi iqhubeke nokuthengisa isibulala-zinambuzane esenziwe njengegesi yezinzwa exhumene nokulimala kwengqondo ezinganeni.

"Ifa likaTrump elihlala njalo kungaba umdlavuza, ukungabi nenzalo kanye nama-IQ anciphile emashumini eminyaka ezayo."

"Izingane zitshelwa ukuthi zidle izithelo nemifino, kodwa ososayensi be-EPA bathole amazinga alesi sibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni okunjalo kuze kube izikhathi eziyi-140 imikhawulo ethathwa njengephephile," kubhala uNicholas Kristof ebabaza. I-NYT ivuliwe. "Ifa likaTrump elihlala njalo kungaba umdlavuza, ukungabi nenzalo kanye nama-IQ anciphile emashumini eminyaka ezayo."

U-Pruitt useze wafaka ne-lobbyist yezimboni zamakhemikhali ophethe i- umthetho omusha oshubile wobuthi obekufanele ulawule imboni yamakhemikhali.

Kubi kakhulu - kodwa-ke, sekuyisikhathi eside kakhulu.

Lowo mthetho omusha oshubile we-toxics, owaphasiswa ngonyaka owedlule ku- isichotho senkazimulo eyizinhlangothi ezimbili, kwaba iphikiswa ngu amaqembu amaningi ezemvelo kodwa kudunyiswa ngu - futhi kubikwa ebhalwe ngu - Umkhandlu waseMelika Chemistry.

“Imboni yamakhemikhali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 800 ifaka imali kosopolitiki futhi inxenxa indlela yokuphuma emithethweni esebenzayo. Lokhu bekulokhu kuyinkinga, kepha manje abaphathi bakaTrump sebehambe baze bakhetha abasebenza embonini yamakhemikhali ukuthi babheke ukuvikelwa kwemvelo, ”njengoba kuchazwe uKristof.

“I-American Academy of Pediatrics iphikisane nesinqumo sabaphathi mayelana nesibulala-zinambuzane segesi yezinzwa, kodwa izikhulu zasekela imboni ngodokotela. Ixhaphozi lawina. Indawo yokwamukela izimboni zamakhemikhali, i-American Chemistry Council, inguqulo yanamuhla kaGwayi Omkhulu… ”

"Ngelinye ilanga sizobheka emuva sizibuze: Besicabangani ?!"

Isimilo Sezwe Lethu

Eminyakeni eyishumi eyedlule, i-Independent Women's Forum yethule i-Valor Award kuNancy Brinker, umsunguli weSusan G. Komen for the Cure, okuyinhlangano enkulu kunazo zonke ezweni yomdlavuza webele - iqembu elibuye lagxekwa ngokuthatha imali ku izinkampani ezingcolisa kanye nokukhuthaza ukudla okungenampilo futhi imikhiqizo enobuthi.

Emhlanganweni we-IWF ka-2007, enkulumweni yokwamukela wabiza “Isimilo Sezwe Lethu, ”Kusho uBrinker waxwayisa ngokuthi kuzolahleka izimpilo zabantu ngaphandle kokuthi iMelika ithathe isinyathelo sokugwema“ i-tsunami yomdlavuza ”ezayo.

Kodwa-ke, uthe: “Bangane bami, lokhu akuyona inkinga yezepolitiki. Uma kukhulunywa ngomdlavuza, awekho amaRiphabhulikhi noma amaDemokhrasi, akukho nkululeko noma abagcinwayo. ”

Esikhundleni salokho, uthe ukucela ukungacaci njengoba ayemi phambi kweqembu elitshela abesifazane ukuthi bangakhathazeki ngemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, emcimbini onemali ethe xaxa ezinkampanini, ukushaya umdlavuza kuyindaba yokubiza intando yokwenza umdlavuza ube “yinto ephambili ezweni lonke nasemhlabeni wonke!”

Kepha leyo impela iyinkinga yezepolitiki. Imayelana namaRephabliki namaDemokhrasi, bobabili abadumaze abaseMelika ngokwehluleka ukubhekana nemboni yamakhemikhali. Imayelana nokubiza intando yezepolitiki yokuthola amakhemikhali axhumene nomdlavuza, ukungabi nenzalo nokulimala kobuchopho emakethe nangaphandle kokudla kwethu.

Okwamanje, singathatha izeluleko zesayensi: sidle okuphilayo bese sivotela osopolitiki abazimisele ukumelana nomkhakha wezibulala-zinambuzane.

Umbiko Omfishane Wezintatheli Kukhulunywe Ngawo Ezicelweni Zethu ze-FOIA

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Futhi ubone: Ukubhabha kwi-Food Beat: Kunini lapho kungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo?  
Umbhali Wekholomu Wokudla waseWashington Post Uya eBat yeMonsanto 

NgoSepthemba 23, Washington Post umlobeli wezokudla UTamar Haspel wamukelwa ukuthi uthole "inala" yemali evela emithonjeni yezimboni ezixhasa ezolimo.

Ngemuva kokungeniswa kwakhe, ngicabange ukuthi kungaba wusizo ukubika ngezintatheli - kubandakanya uHaspel - okukhulunywe ngazo kumadokhumenti esiwatholile asuka kuzicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi.

I-US Right to Know iqhuba i- uphenyo lwezimboni zokudla nezolimo, amafemu abo e-PR namaqembu angaphambili, kanye nosolwazi ababakhulumelayo.

Kuze kube manje, izintatheli ezintathu ziza ngezindlela ezithokozisayo: U-Amy Harmon, uKeith Kloor noTamar Haspel. Lezi zintatheli zivela kumongo we UJon Entine, ngubani mhlawumbe oholayo Ukusebenza kwe-PR ukusebenzela ukuthuthukisa imibono yemboni yezolimo, nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane kanye nama-GMO.

U-Entine ungumsunguli futhi umphathi omkhulu we-Genetic Literacy Project, okuyi, kanye ne I-PR iqinile UKetchumka- Izimpendulo ze-GMO, amaqembu emboni yezolimo abonakala kakhulu ngaphambili. U-Entine futhi ungumsunguli nomongameli wenkampani ye-PR i-ESG MediaMetrics, okuyi- amaklayenti afake i-agronhemical giant Monsanto.

U-Amy Harmon

U-Amy Harmon yintatheli ye- New York Times. Wayeyingxenye ye- Times iqembu elanqoba umklomelo wePulitzer ngo-2001, kwathi ngo-2008 lawina Pulitzer ngokubika okuchazayo.

NgoSepthemba 23, 2013 ngo-7: 44 pm, UJon Entine uthumele i-imeyili uRenee Kester: “FYI, ngicabanga ukuthi ngikhulume no-Amy Harmon ukuthi enze indaba yaseHawaii eHawaii. . . futhi ngimnikeze imininingwane yakho ye-imeyili kanye neyakwaKirby, ngakho-ke angashayela ngesikhathi esithile uma ekulandela ngempela lokhu. ” UKirby Kester unjalo umongameli we-Hawaii Crop Improvement Association, iqembu eliphambili lezimboni zezolimo.

NgoJanuwari 4, 2014, the New York Times ushicilele udaba olusekuqaleni kwekhasi luka-Amy Harmon, olunesihloko esithi “Ukufuna amaLonely Amaqiniso Kuzilimo Eziguqulwe Ngokofuzo. ” Indaba isuselwe eKona, eHawaii.

Ngo-2014, uHarmon wawina indawo yesibili yeNhlangano Yezintatheli Zezemvelo “Umklomelo kaKevin Carmody Wokubika Okujulile Ovelele, Imakethe Enkulu”Kokuthi“Amaqiniso Ngama-GMO, ”Uchungechunge olwalunendatshana ethi“Ukufuna amaLonely Amaqiniso Kuzilimo Eziguqulwe Ngokofuzo. "

On September 30th, UHarmon uhlelelwe ukukhuluma kuya ICornell Alliance yeSayensi, a iqembu elixhaswe yiBill and Melinda Gates Foundation ukukhuthaza ama-GMO. Iqembu kufaka isikhalazo ngokumelene ne-US Right to Know's Umthetho Wenkululeko Yolwazi (FOIA) izicelo.

UKeith Kloor

UKeith Kloor yintatheli ezimele ebhalele yena Nature, Isayensi Insider, Discover, Slate nezinye izitolo. UKloor ubhale ama-athikili amaningi we-pro-GMO abelokhu ekhona evezwe yiJon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project.

UKloor kukhulunywa ngaye ezindaweni ezimbili emibhalweni ye-FOIA.

Ku-imeyili eyodwa, uJon Entine ubhekisa kuKeith Kloor njengo “umngani wami omuhle kakhulu".

Kwenye i-imeyili, ngo-Okthoba 18, 2014, uDkt. Channapatna Prakash, ummeli nomphathi weGMO eTuskegee University, Ama-imeyili U-Adrianne Massey we-Biotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO), kanye nabanye abaningana, ukudlulisa isexwayiso esivela ku- ULorraine Thelian, iphini likasihlalo wenkampani ye-PR iKetchum ukuthi "umphakathi we-hacker Anonymous uhlela uchungechunge lokuhlaselwa kuma-biotechnology kanye namawebhusayithi wemboni yokudla… Inhlangano yabasebenzi kanye namawebhusayithi ezinkampani e-CBI [Council for Biotechnology Information] amalungu abhekiswe kulokhu kuhlasela okuhleliwe." UDkt. Prakash uyabhala, "U-Adrianne ngikopishe uKevin Folta, uKarl von Mogel, uDavid Tribe noKeith Kloor nalapha. "

UDkt Prakash uthumele i-imeyili kuJay Byrne (owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana kwezinkampani eMonsanto), UJon Entine, uBruce Chassy (imboni yezolimo khuthazaI-Val Giddings (i-VP yangaphambili ye-BIO), UHenry Miller (ummeli wemboni yezolimo), UDrew Kershen (ummeli wemboni yezolimo, UKlaus Ammann, UPiet van der Meer, UMartina Newell-McGloughlin (ummeli wemboni yezolimo), UKarl Haro von Mogel (ilungu lebhodi labaqondisi le- IBiology Iqinisiwe, iwebhusayithi ye-pro-GMO), uKevin Folta (kwezolimo ummeli wemboni), UKeith Kloor noDavid Tribe (ummeli wemboni yezolimo).

UKeith Kloor uyena kuphela intatheli owathola le imeyili.

I-imeyili isho ukuthi iKloor isebenza ngokubambisana nabameli abaziwayo bemboni yezolimo.

UKloor ubhale izindatshana ezintathu ebezigxeka izicelo zeFOIA zase-US Right to Know Isayensi Insider, Discover futhi Nature.

NgoMashi 23, 2015, UKloor wethule inkulumo yeCornell Alliance for Science, ephethe i- Isikhalazo ngokumelene ne-US Right to Know's FOIA.

UTamar Haspel

UTamar Haspel uyi umlobi wekholamu ku- Washington Post. Ubhale amakholomu amaningi we Thumela ukuvikela noma ukuncoma ama-GMO akade aba khona evezwe yiJon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project.

Ngo-2015, iHaspel uzuze umklomelo weJames Beard Foundation okwakhe Thumela amakholomu.

NgoJuni 2014, iHaspel Wakhuluma engqungqutheleni esekela umkhakha mayelana "Ososayensi bangayingenela kanjani kangcono impikiswano ye-GMO nomphakathi ongabazayo? ” Ingqungquthela ibihlelwe nguJon Entine noCami Ryan, okumanje usekhona isayensi yezenhlalo iholela iMonsanto. Ingqungquthela yayiholwa amaqembu amabili aphambili embonini yezolimo, i Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa, kanye neYunivesithi yaseFlorida, ethola uxhaso olukhulu ezinkampanini zezolimo, njengoba kuphawulwe ngoSepthemba 6 esihlokweni ku New York Times.

IHaspel iphinde yamodela a iphaneli ihlelwe by Isikhungo saseNorth Carolina Biotechnology, "enikeza izinzuzo zesikhathi eside kwezomnotho nakwezenhlalo eNyakatho Carolina ngokusekela ucwaningo lwe-biotechnology, ibhizinisi, ezemfundo kanye nenqubomgomo yamasu ezweni lonke."

Engxoxweni kaSepthemba 23 ebanjwe yi- Washington Post, ephendula umbuzo wokuthi uyayithola yini imali emithonjeni yezimboni, uNkk Haspel ubhale ukuthi, “Ngikhuluma futhi ngilinganisa amaphaneli nezimpikiswano kaningi, futhi kungumsebenzi engikhokhelwa wona. ” Kamuva ngalolo suku, ngabuza uNkk. Haspel ku-Twitter ukuthi uthole malini embonini yezolimo nakumaqembu ayo angaphambili. Uphendule wathi, “Njengoba noma yiliphi iqembu elikholelwa ukuthi i-biotech linokuthile elikunikezayo 'yiqembu langaphambili,' inala!"

Ingabe kufanelekile kufayela le- Washington Post Umlobi wekholamu ukubhala amakholomu akhanyayo ngama-GMO ngenkathi evela ezingqungqutheleni ezifana nalezi zomkhakha? Ngabe kungukushayisana kwezintshisakalo kuHaspel ukwamukela imali ezithakazelweni zenkampani yezolimo ayihlanganisa njengengxenye yesigqi sakhe njenge Thumela umlobeli wezokudla? Uthole malini uHaspel kusuka kuzintshisekelo zomkhakha wezolimo?

Ezinye izintatheli zigxeke izintatheli “ngokwenza ibhakede” kumasekhethi ezikhulumi. Isibonelo, yangaphambili Washington Post Umhleli Ophethe Kusho uBen Bradlee, “Ngifisa sengathi kungaphela. Angiyithandi. Ngicabanga ukuthi kuyonakalisa. Uma i-Insurance Institute of America, uma kukhona into enjalo, ikukhokhela u- $ 10,000 ukwenza inkulumo, ungangitsheli ukuthi awonakaliswanga. Ungasho ukuthi awunayo futhi ungasho ukuthi uzohlasela nezinkinga zomshuwalense ngendlela efanayo, kodwa ngeke. Awukwazi. ”

UHaspel wabhala ku Washington Post ukuthi uzokhuluma kuphela emicimbini lapho “uma izinkampani ezenza inzuzo zibandakanyeka kulo mcimbi (okuyiyona ejwayelekile), azikwazi ukuba yizwi kuphela. Ngakho-ke, ngizokhuluma engqungqutheleni ebixhaswe yiMonsanto kanye ne-USDA ne-NC State University, kodwa hhayi umcimbi oxhaswe yiMonsanto kuphela. ” Kodwa-ke, engqungqutheleni kaJuni 2014, lapho uHaspel akhuluma khona, abekho abameli babathengi ababehlelelwe ukuthi bakhulume, kuphela abameli bezimboni.

On Ngo-Okthoba 16, uHaspel uhlelelwe ukukhuluma kuya ICornell Alliance yeSayensi, iqembu le-pro-GMO lelo ukusingatha isikhalazo ngokumelene ne-US Right to Know's FOIA.

UHaspel ubelokhu egxeka izicelo ze-US Right to Know FOIA. Ngo-Agasti 17, kuTwitter, wabhala: “Imali / isikhathi / amandla okuchithwa kumoshelwe ku-garyruskin's attack-spirited, and self-interested attack on @kevinfolta! Ngabe singadlulela kokunye okuwusizo?”Abanye abavumelananga nesinqumo sakhe sezindaba. NgoSepthemba 6th, u-Eric Lipton owaphumelela kabili umklomelo wePulitzer ubhale i-athikili ikakhulu esekwe kwizicelo zethu ze-FOIA - ikakhulukazi uProfesa Kevin Folta wase-University of Florida - obesekhasini lokuqala leSonto New York Times. Lo mbhalo uveze ukuthi uFolta, owenqabe kaningi ubudlelwane noMonsanto, empeleni wayethole isibonelelo esingadalulwanga esingu- $ 25,000, kanye nezabelo zokubhala ezivela enkampanini, futhi wasebenza eduze nayo kanye nenkampani yayo ye-PR uKetchum, eyayibhalela yena imibhalo futhi yahlela nabezindaba nokumnxenxela ukuba abe nemihlangano.

I-US Right to Know iyiqembu elimele abathengi. Sizama ukuveza lokho imboni yokudla engafuni sazi. Sikholelwa ukuthi kuwusizo emphakathini ukubona ukuthi izinkampani zokudla nezolimo zenza kanjani ubudlelwano bazo nomphakathi busebenza. Leyo ngenye indlela esingasiza ngayo abathengi ukuthi bahlole izimangalo nolwazi abalutholayo ezinkampanini ezibandakanyeka ekukhiqizweni kwethu kokudla, amafemu abo e-PR kanye nabasebenza nabo, kanye nezintatheli ezisebenza nabo.