Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala isekela ukuhlolwa kwesifo somdlavuza se-Roundup esivikela iMonsanto

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Kokunye ukulahleka kwenkantolo komnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG, inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yenqabile umzamo wenkampani wokuguqula ukunqoba kwecala okwenziwe ngumgcini wesikole saseCalifornia owasola ukuthi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala uketshezi iMonsanto glyphosate kwamenza waba nomdlavuza, yize inkantolo yathi umonakalo kufanele usike ku- $ 20.5 million.

Inkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala Yesifunda Sokuqala Sokudlulisa Amacala eCalifornia kusho uMsombuluko ukuthi izimpikiswano zikaMonsanto zazingacabangi futhi uDewayne “Lee” Johnson wayenelungelo lokuqoqa imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 10.25 kumonakalo wesinxephezelo kanye nezinye izigidi ezingama- $ 10.25 kumonakalo wokujezisa. Lokho kwehle kusamba semali engu- $ 78 million esehlulelwe yijaji.

"Ngokubona kwethu, uJohnson wethule ubufakazi obuningi - futhi obukhulu - bokuthi i-glyphosate, kanye nezinye izithako zemikhiqizo yeRoundup, yimbangela yomdlavuza wakhe," kusho inkantolo. "Isazi ngemuva kokuthi isazi sinikeze ubufakazi bokuthi imikhiqizo ye-Roundup iyakwazi ukudala i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ... futhi yabangela umdlavuza kaJohnson ikakhulukazi."

Inkantolo yaqhubeka yathi “kwakukhona ubufakazi obuqand 'ikhanda bokuthi uJohnson wahlupheka, futhi usazoqhubeka nokuhlupheka impilo yakhe yonke, ubuhlungu obukhulu nokuhlupheka.”

Inkantolo ithe impikiswano kaMonsanto yokuthi okutholwe yisayensi mayelana nezixhumanisi ze-glyphosate nomdlavuza yakha "umbono omncane" awusekelwa.

Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yanezela ukuthi bekufanele kulinyazwe isijeziso ngoba kunobufakazi obanele bokuthi uMonsanto wenza “ngamabomu nangokungahloniphi ukuphepha kwabanye.”

UMike Miller, inkampani yakhe yabameli baseVirginia emele uJohnson ngesikhathi kuqulwa icala kanye neBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman firm yaseLos Angeles, uthe uthokozile ngesiqinisekiso senkantolo sokuthi uJohnson waba nomdlavuza ngokusebenzisa kwakhe iRoundup nokuthi inkantolo yaqinisekisa umklomelo wesijeziso umonakalo ngenxa “yokuziphatha kabi ngamabomu kukaMonsanto.”

“UMnu Johnson uqhubeka nokuhlushwa ukulimala kwakhe. Siyaziqhenya ngokulwela uMnu Johnson nokulandela kwakhe ubulungiswa, ”kusho uMiller.

IMonsanto ikweleta inzalo yaminyaka yonke ngesilinganiso samaphesenti ayi-10 kusuka ngo-Ephreli we-2018 ize ikhokhe isinqumo sokugcina.

Ukwehliswa komonakalo kuhlanganiswe nengxenye yokuthi odokotela batshele uJohnson ukuthi umdlavuza wakhe awupheli futhi akulindelekile ukuthi aphile isikhathi eside kakhulu. Inkantolo ivumelane neMonsanto ukuthi ngenxa yokuthi umonakalo okhokhelwayo wenzelwe ukunxephezela ubuhlungu besikhathi esizayo, ukuhlupheka kwengqondo, ukulahlekelwa yinjabulo yempilo, ukukhubazeka emzimbeni, njll. kumele yehliswe.

UBrent Wisner, ongomunye wabameli bakaJohnson ecaleni lakhe, uthe ukwehliswa komonakalo kuwumphumela "wephutha elijulile emthethweni waseCalifornia."

"Ngokuyisisekelo, umthetho waseCalifornia awumvumeli ummangali ukuthi alulame isikhathi esifushane sokuphila," kusho uWisner. “Lokhu kuvuza kahle ummangalelwa ngokubulala ummangali, kunokumlimaza nje. Kuwumsangano. ”

Ukugqama kokuziphatha kukaMonsanto

Kwakuyizinyanga ezimbili nje ngemuva kokuba iBayer ithenge iMonsanto, ngo-Agasti 2018, lapho ijaji elilodwa unikeze uJohnson u- $ 289 million, kufaka phakathi amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-250 emonakalweni wokujeziswa, ukuthola ukuthi akubulali nje kuphela imithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto ebangele ukuthi uJohnson athuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kepha nokuthi inkampani ibazi ubungozi bomdlavuza futhi yehluleka ukuxwayisa uJohnson. Icala lalibandakanya imikhiqizo emibili yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto glyphosate - iRoundup neRanger Pro.

Ijaji lecala lehlisa isinqumo esiphelele saba ngama- $ 78 million kodwa uMonsanto wasidlulisa isamba esincishisiwe. UJohnson cross unxuse ukuthi kubuyiswe isinqumo sango- $ 289 million.

Icala likaJohnson lambozwa abezindaba emhlabeni jikelele futhi labeka obala ekuziphatheni okungabazekayo kweMonsanto. Abameli bakaJohnson banikeze ama-jurors ama-imeyili enkampani yangaphakathi namanye amarekhodi akhombisa ososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngamaphepha esayensi abhala ghost ukuze bazame ukuxhasa ukusekelwa kokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yenkampani, kanye nezindlela zokuxhumana ezinemininingwane yokuhlambalaza abagxeki, nokuqeda ukuhlolwa kukahulumeni ubuthi be-glyphosate, ikhemikhali eliyisihluthulelo emikhiqizweni kaMonsanto.

Imibhalo yangaphakathi ibuye ikhombise ukuthi iMonsanto ibilindele ukuthi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer ihlukanise i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu okungenzeka noma kungenzeka ngoMashi ka-2015 (ukuhlukaniswa kwaba njenge-carcinogen okungenzeka kube khona) futhi yahlela isu kusengaphambili lokuhlambalaza ososayensi bomdlavuza ngemuva bakhipha ukuhlukaniswa kwabo.

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zabamangali afake icala kuMonsanto enza izimangalo ezifana nezikaJohnson, kanti sekunezilingo ezimbili ezengeziwe selokhu kwaqulwa icala likaJohnson. Zombili lezo zilingo nazo ziholele ekutheni kukhishwe izinqumo ezinkulu ngokumelene neMonsanto. Bobabili nabo bangaphansi kwesikhalazo.

NgoJuni, iBayer yathi isifinyelele ku-  isivumelwano sokuxazulula nabameli abamele amaphesenti angama-75 wabantu abacishe bafike ku-125,000 abafakelwe izicelo futhi abasazofakwa izicelo ezaqalwa ngabamangali baseMelika abasola ukutholakala kweM Roundanto kaMonsanto ngokuthuthukisa kwabo i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. IBayer ithe izohlinzeka ngo- $ 8.8 billion kuya ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula icala. Kepha abameli abamele ngaphezulu kwabamangaleli abangaphezulu kuka-20,000 XNUMX bathi abavumanga ukuvumelana neBayer futhi lawo macala kulindeleke ukuthi aqhubeke nokusebenza ngendlela yohlelo lwenkantolo.

Esitatimendeni esikhishwe ngemuva kwesinqumo senkantolo, uBayer uthe kusekela ukuphepha kukaRoundup: “Isinqumo senkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ukwehlisa umonakalo okhokhelwayo nesijeziso siyisinyathelo esiqonde ngqo, kepha siyaqhubeka nokukholelwa ukuthi isinqumo sejaji kanye nomonakalo imiklomelo ayihambisani nobufakazi obusecaleni nasenkantolo. IMonsanto izobheka izinketho zayo ezingokomthetho, kufaka phakathi nokufaka isicelo sokuphikisa iNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia. ”

Ukudluliswa kwesilingo sokuqala somdlavuza seMonsanto Roundup kuzozwakala ngoJuni

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yaseCalifornia isethe ukulalelwa kwangoJuni ngokudluliswa kwamacala okuvela ecaleni lokuqala ngqa mayelana nezinsolo zokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto ibangela umdlavuza.

INkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala Yesifunda Sokuqala Sokudluliswa Kwamacala eCalifornia ithe ngoLwesine ihlela ukulalelwa kwecala ngoJuni 2 ecaleni likaDewayne “Lee” Johnson v. Monsanto. Ukulalelwa kwamacala kuzokwenzeka cishe eminyakeni emibili ngemuva kokuqala kokuqulwa kwecala likaJohnson kanye neminyaka emibili ngemuva kokuthi iBayer AG ithenge iMonsanto.

Ijaji elivumelanayo unikeze uJohnson u- $ 289 million ngo-Agasti 2018, kufaka phakathi amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-250 kumonakalo wokujeziswa, ukuthola ukuthi akukhona nje kuphela ukuthi i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides yenze ukuthi uJohnson athuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kepha nokuthi inkampani ibazi ubungozi bomdlavuza futhi yehluleka ukuxwayisa uJohnson.

Ijaji lecala lehlisa isinqumo esiphelele saba ngama- $ 78 million kodwa uMonsanto wasidlulisa isamba esincishisiwe. UJohnson cross unxuse ukuthi kubuyiswe isinqumo sango- $ 289 million.

Lapho ilungiselela izimpikiswano ngomlomo mayelana nesikhalazo sikaJohnson, inkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala ithe iyasichitha isicelo esenziwe yiCalifornia Attorney General sokuthi kufakwe isikhalazo se-amicus ngasohlangothini lukaJohnson.

Icala likaJohnson lambozwa abezindaba emhlabeni jikelele futhi labeka obala ekuziphatheni okungabazekayo kweMonsanto. Abameli bakaJohnson banikeze ama-jurors ama-imeyili enkampani yangaphakathi namanye amarekhodi akhombisa ososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngamaphepha esayensi abhala ghost ukuze bazame ukuxhasa ukusekelwa kokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yenkampani, kanye nezindlela zokuxhumana ezinemininingwane yokuhlambalaza abagxeki, nokuqeda ukuhlolwa kukahulumeni ubuthi be-glyphosate, ikhemikhali eliyisihluthulelo emikhiqizweni kaMonsanto.

Imibhalo yangaphakathi ibuye ikhombise ukuthi iMonsanto ibilindele ukuthi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer ihlukanise i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu okungenzeka noma okungenzeka ngo-Mashi ka-2015 (ukuhlukaniswa kwaba njenge-carcinogen okungenzeka kube khona) futhi bahlela uhlelo kusengaphambili lokuhlambalaza ososayensi bomdlavuza.

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zabamangali afake isimangalo kuMonsanto enza izimangalo ezifana nezikaJohnson, kanti sekunezilingo ezimbili ezengeziwe selokhu kwaqulwa icala likaJohnson. Zombili lezo zilingo nazo ziholele ekutheni kukhishwe izinqumo ezinkulu ngeMonsanto.

Ukubeka usuku lokudlulisa icala kukaJohnson, inkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala ithe “iyabona ukuthi lawa macala ahlanganisiwe athatha isikhathi kangakanani futhi iqhubekile nokuwabeka eqhulwini naphezu kwezimo eziphuthumayo zamanje” ezidalwe ukusabalala kwe-coronavirus.

Ukunyakaza kwenkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala ecaleni likaJohnson kuza njengoba kubikwa iBayer ngizama ukuziqinisa ezindaweni zokuhlala okuxoxiswene ngazo namafemu abameli baseMelika abamele abaningi balabo bamangali.

Izibalo ziphakeme ngezilingo ezimbili zomdlavuza weRoundup eziqala phakathi kwezingxoxo zokuhlala

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Sekuyiminyaka ecishe ibe mihlanu selokhu ososayensi bomdlavuza bamazwe omhlaba bahlukanisa ikhemikhali elidumile lokubulala ukhula njenge-carcinogenic, izindaba ezidale ukuqhuma kwamacala alethwe yiziguli ezinomdlavuza ezisola lowo owayekade eyikhemikhali uMonsanto Co. ngokuhlupheka kwabo.

Abamangali abangamashumi ezinkulungwane base-US - abanye abameli ababandakanyeka enkantolo bathi ngaphezu kuka-100,000 - bathi umuthi wokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto's Roundup nabanye ababulali bokhula abasuselwa e-glyphosate kubenze baba ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kanti uMonsanto uchithe iminyaka efihla izingozi kubathengi.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zamhambela kabi uMonsanto nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG njengamajaji athukuthele unikezwe ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2.3 billion ekulimaleni kwabamangali abane. Amajaji wecala ehlise imiklomelo yamajaji yabalelwa ezigidini ezingama-190 zamadola, futhi bonke baphansi kwesikhalazo.

Izilingo ezimbili ezintsha - esisodwa eCalifornia nesinye eMissouri - manje sisezinhlelweni zokukhetha amajaji. Izitatimende zokuvula zihlelelwe uLwesihlanu ukuthi kuqulwe icala laseMissouri, eliqhubeka eSt. Ijaji kulelo cala livumela ubufakazi ukuthi bukhonjiswe kuthelevishini futhi busakazwe ngu Inethiwekhi Yokubuka Inkantolo.

Bayer ubelokhu enesifiso esikhulu sokugwema ukubonwa kwezilingo eziningi futhi aqede isaga esenze ukuthi imali yezimakethe ezinkulu zenze imali, futhi ivezwe emhlabeni Ibhuku lokudlala langaphakathi leMonsanto lokukhohlisa isayensi, abezindaba kanye nabalawuli.

Kubukeka sengathi leso siphetho singafika kungekudala.

"Lo mzamo wokuthola ukuxazululwa okuphelele kwamacala eRoundup unomfutho," kusho umlamuleli uKen Feinberg enkulumweni abe nayo. Uthe "unethemba ngokuqapha" ukuthi ukuxazululwa "kukazwelonke" kwamacala aseMelika kungenzeka phakathi nesonto noma amabili ezayo. UFeinberg waqokwa ngoMeyi odlule yiJaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria ukwenza lula inqubo yokuxazulula le nkinga.

Alukho uhlangothi olufunayo ukulinda ukubona ukuthi kudluliswa kanjani ukudluliswa kwezinqumo mayelana nezinqumo zecala, ngokusho kukaFeinberg, kanti iBayer inethemba lokuthi izokuba nezindaba ezimnandi ezizobikwa kuyo umhlangano wamasheya waminyaka yonke Ngo-Ephreli.

"Uhambisa idayisi ngalezo zikhalazo," kusho uFeinberg. "Angicabangi ukuthi ukhona umuntu ofuna ukulinda kuze kube lezo zicelo zidluliswa."

Esitatimendeni sakamuva senqubekelaphambili yokuhlala, icala elihlelelwe ukuqala ngesonto elizayo eCalifornia - uCotton v. Monsanto - lihlehlisiwe. Usuku olusha lwecala selubekelwe uJulayi.

Futhi ngoLwesibili, Chhabria ukhiphe umyalelo oqinile ukukhumbuza izinhlangothi zombili ngesidingo semfihlo njengoba izingxoxo zokuxazulula zisaqhubeka.

"Ngokwesicelo somlamuleli, amaqembu ayakhunjuzwa ukuthi izingxoxo zokuxazululwa… ziyimfihlo nokuthi iNkantolo ngeke inanaze ukuphoqelela ukugcinwa kwemfihlo ngokujeziswa uma kunesidingo," kubhala uChhabria.

Izinombolo zama- $ 8 billion- $ 10 billion ziye zantanta emithonjeni yamacala, yize uFeinberg ethe ngeke "aqinisekise lelo nani." Abanye abahlaziyi bathi ngisho ne- $ 8 billion kungaba nzima ukuthethelela abatshalizimali beBayer, futhi balindele inani eliphansi kakhulu lokukhokha.

Izinkampani zabammeli zabammangali ezahola leli cala ezweni lonke zivumile ukukhansela noma ukuhlehlisa ukuvivinywa okuningi, okubandakanya okubili okubandakanya izingane ezisencane ezinomdlavuza, njengengxenye yezingxoxo zokukhokha. Kepha njengoba behlehla emuva, amanye amafemu agijimayo abelokhu egijimisa ukusayina abamangali abasha, into eyenza kube nzima izingxoxo zokuhlala ngokukhipha izinkokhelo zomuntu ngamunye.

Izingxoxo ziphinde zaba nzima ukuthi omunye wabaholi abaphambili be-Roundup - ummeli waseVirginia uMike Miller, ongumakadebona ekuthatheni izinkampani ezinkulu enkantolo - kuze kube manje wenqabile ukuhlehlisa ukuqulwa kwamacala, ngokusobala enciphisa ukunikezwa kokukhokhelwa. Inkampani kaMiller imele izinkulungwane zabamangali futhi inikeza izeluleko eziholayo kulezi zilingo ezimbili eziqhubekayo manje.

IMiller Firm ibe yingxenye ebucayi yeqembu ebiphinde ibandakanye nefemu iBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman yaseLos Angeles eyemba amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto ngokutholwa, kusetshenziswa ubufakazi ukufeza ukunqoba kwecala ezintathu Lawo marekhodi abhebhezela impikiswano yomhlaba wonke mayelana nokuphepha kwe-Roundup, ekhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto yawafaka kanjani amaphepha esayensi abonakala ngokungeyikho ukuthi adalwa kuphela ososayensi abazimele; wasebenzisa abantu besithathu ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi ababika ingozi nge-glyphosate herbicides; futhi ibambisene nezikhulu ze-Environmental Protection Agency ukuvikela isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuthi imikhiqizo yayo ayibanga umdlavuza.

Amanye amaklayenti kaMiller ayamjabulisa, enethemba lokuthi ngokubamba uMiller angakhokha inkokhelo enkulu yezicelo zomdlavuza. Abanye besaba ukuthi angahlasela amathuba okuthola indawo enkulu yokuhlala, ikakhulukazi uma inkampani yakhe ilahlekelwa esinye sezilingo ezintsha.

UFeinberg uthe akucaci ukuthi kungatholakala isinqumo esibanzi ngaphandle kukaMiller.

"UMike Miller ungummeli omuhle kakhulu," kusho uFeinberg. Uthe uMiller wayefuna lokho acabanga ukuthi kuyisinxephezelo esifanele.

UFeinberg uthe miningi imininingwane okumele ilungiswe, okubandakanya nokuthi imali izokwabiwa kanjani kubamangali.

Ukulandelwa komhlaba wonke kwezintatheli, abathengi, ososayensi kanye nabatshalizimali babheke intuthuko eduze, balindele umphumela ongaba nomthelela wokunyakaza emazweni amaningi ukuvimbela noma ukuvimbela imikhiqizo ye-glyphosate herbicide.

Kepha labo abathinteke kakhulu yizisulu ezingenakubalwa zomdlavuza kanye namalungu emindeni yabo abakholelwa ukuthi ukubeka phambili phambili kwezinkampani kwenzuzo ngaphezu kwezempilo yomphakathi kumele kubhekelwe kubo.

Yize abanye abamangali belaphe ngempumelelo umdlavuza wabo, abanye bafe besalinde ukuxazululwa, kanti abanye bagula kakhulu njengoba usuku ngalunye ludlula.

Imali yokuhlala ayilaphi muntu noma ibuyise umuntu omthandayo osephasile. Kepha kungasiza abanye ukukhokha izikweletu zokwelashwa, noma ukumboza izindleko zasekolishi zezingane ezilahlekelwe umzali, noma kuvumele nje impilo elula phakathi kobuhlungu obulethwa umdlavuza.

Kungaba ngcono kakhulu uma besingadingi ukumangalelwa ngobuningi, amaqembu abameli neminyaka enkantolo ukufuna izinkokhelo zokulimala okubangelwa yimikhiqizo eyimakethe eyingozi noma ekhohlisayo. Kungaba ngcono kakhulu ukuba nohlelo lokulawula oluqinile oluvikela impilo yomphakathi nemithetho ejezisa ukukhohliswa kwezinkampani.

Kungaba ngcono kakhulu ukube besihlala ezweni lapho ubulungiswa bebutholakala kalula khona. Kuze kube yileso sikhathi, siyabuka futhi silinde futhi sifunde emacaleni afana necala le-Roundup. Futhi sithemba okungcono.

Ukuhlaliswa kwamacala omdlavuza weMonsanto Roundup kuyinkimbinkimbi ngummeli obambekayo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Yini edingekayo ukuze uMike Miller axazulule? Lowo ngumbuzo ocindezelayo njengoba omunye wabameli abahola phambili enkantolo yamacala omdlavuza weRoundup ezweni lonke kuze kube manje enqabile ukuhambisana nabanye ababebhekene namacala okuvuma ukulungisa amacala egameni lezinkulungwane zeziguli zomdlavuza ezithi izifo zazo zibangelwe ukuvezwa kwemikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto .

UMike Miller, oyinhloko yenkampani yabameli base-Orange, eVirginia ebizwa ngegama lakhe, ubengazimisele ukwamukela imigomo yokuhlinzekwa kokuxazululwa okuxoxwe ngayo ezingxoxweni zokulamula phakathi komnikazi waseMonsanto waseGerman uBayer AG kanye nethimba labameli babamangali. Lokho kubalwa kabusha kuyindawo ebambekayo ebambekayo ephazamisa ukuxazululwa, kusho imithombo esondelene necala.

Esikhundleni salokho, inkampani kaMiller yethula izivivinyo ezimbili kule nyanga, kufaka phakathi eyodwa eqale namuhla eContra Costa, eCalifornia, kanti eyodwa ezoqala ngoLwesibili eSt. Louis, eMissouri. Kungenzeka ukuthi uMiller angavuma ukukhokhelwa nganoma yisiphi isikhathi, aphazamise ukuqulwa kwecala, noma kunjalo. UMiller naye unecala elibhekene noFebhuwari eNkantolo Yesifunda sase-US eSan Francisco. Leli cala, elethwe yisiguli esinomdlavuza u-Elaine Stevick, lizoba icala lesibili elizobanjelwa enkantolo yombuso.

Isinyathelo sikaMiller sokuqhubeka nokuzama amacala simhlukanisa namanye amafemu abamangaleli baseRoundup, kufaka phakathi inkampani yezomthetho iBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman yaseLos Angeles kanye nenkampani iDenver, eseColorado i-Andrus Wagstaff. Njengenkampani iMiller, uBaum Hedlund no-Andrus Wagstaff bamele izinkulungwane zabamangali.

Lawo mafemu avumile ukukhansela noma ukuhlehlisa ukuvivinywa okuningi, kufaka phakathi okubili okubandakanya izingane ezincane ezinomdlavuza, ukuze kwenziwe lula ukuxazululwa.

Eminye imithombo ikhombe inani lokukhokha elingaba khona elingama- $ 8 billion- $ 10 billion, yize abanye abahlaziyi bethi leyo nombolo kuzoba nzima ukuthethelela abatshalizimali beBayer, abagade okwenzekayo.

Abagxeki basola uMiller ngokwenza ngendlela engalimaza ikhono lezinkulungwane zabamangali zokuthola izinkokhelo ezivela eBayer, kodwa abalandeli bakhe bathi ulwela izintshisekelo zamakhasimende akhe futhi wenqaba ukwamukela imigomo ayithola ingaphansi kakhulu. UMiller ungumakadebona ongumakadebona onomlando omude wokuthatha izinkampani ezinkulu, kufaka phakathi izigebenga zemithi, ngenxa yokulimala kwabathengi okuhlobene nomkhiqizo.

Umlamuli uKen Feinberg uthe akucaci ukuthi kungaba khona yini ukuxazululwa komhlaba wonke ngaphandle kukaMiller.

"UMike Miller unombono wokuthi amacala akhe abaluleke kanjani futhi ufuna lokho acabanga ukuthi kuyisinxephezelo esifanele," kusho uFeinberg. IJaji Lesifunda saseMelika uVince Chhabria waqoka uFeinberg ukuba abe ngumlamuleli phakathi kweBayer nabameli babamangali ngoMeyi odlule.

IMonsanto ilahlekile zontathu lezi zivivinyo ibanjwe kuze kube manje. IMiller Firm isingathe ezimbili zalezo zivivinyo - yaletha abameli bakaBaum Hedlund ukuba bazosiza ecaleni lika  UDewayne “Lee” Johnson (ngemuva kokuthi uMike Miller elimale kanzima engozini ngaphambi nje kokuthethwa kwecala) kanye nangecala labamangali bendoda nenkosikazi, U-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod. UJohnson uklonyeliswe ngama- $ 289 million kwathi amaPilliod aklonyeliswa ngaphezulu kwama- $ 2 billion yize abahluleli becala ecaleni ngalinye behlisa le miklomelo. Elinye icala elenziwe kuze kube manje, ngezimangalo ezalethwa ngu-Edwin Hardeman, liphathwe yinkampani nommeli uJennifer Moore, u-Andrus Wagstaff.

Ukuzama kukaMiller ukusunduza izilingo ezintsha kunezingozi eziningana, kufaka phakathi iqiniso lokuthi iMonsanto ingaphumelela ecaleni elilodwa noma ngaphezulu, okunganikeza iBayer amandla ezinkulumweni zokuhlala. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, uma uMiller ebenganqoba izivivinyo ezinganikeza amandla amasha kubamangali ukuthi bacele imali ethe xaxa.

Ingcindezi yokuxazululwa ibilokhu izwakala iphakeme kuzo zombili izinhlangothi. Izinto eziyinkimbinkimbi zifaka phakathi ukubhaliswa kwenani labamangali 'elisayinwe amafemu abameli azungeze i-United States phakathi kokudalulwa kokuxazululwa okungenzeka kube khona. Eminye imibiko yabezindaba isikhiphe inani eliphelele labamangali kuma-80,000 ngenkathi eminye imithombo ithe le nombolo ingaphezulu kuka-100,000. Ingxenye enkulu yaleyo nombolo, nokho, ikhombisa abamangali abasayinisiwe kepha abangazifakanga izinyathelo enkantolo, kanti abanye abafake izicelo kodwa abanazo izinsuku zokuqulwa kwecala. Noma yikuphi ukukhokhelwa manje kuzomela amaphesenti amakhulu wabamangali, kepha hhayi konke, kusho imithombo.

Wonke amacala asola ukuthi umdlavuza ubangelwe ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto's glyphosate-based, kubandakanya ne-Roundup brand esetshenziswa kabanzi. Futhi konke okushiwo uMonsanto wayazi, futhi wakufihla, izingozi.

Phakathi kobufakazi obuye bavela ngaleli cala kukhona nemibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ekhombisa ukuthi le nkampani yakhelwe ukushicilelwa kwamaphepha esayensi abonakala ngamanga ukuthi enziwa ososayensi abazimele kuphela; ukuxhaswa, nokusebenzisana, namaqembu angaphambili asetshenziselwe ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi ababika ingozi ngemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto; nokusebenzisana nezikhulu ezithile ngaphakathi kwe-Environmental Protection Agency (i-EPA) ukuvikela nokuphakamisa isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuthi imikhiqizo yayo ayibanga umdlavuza.

Esivivinyweni saseCalifornia esiqale namuhla, uKathleen Caballero uthi usungule i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kokufafaza iRoundup kusuka ngo-1977 kuya ku-2018 njengengxenye yomsebenzi wakhe ebhizinisini lengadi nasekulungiseni ingadi, nasekusebenzeni kwakhe epulazini.

Ekulindeleke ukuba liqale ngoLwesibili eSt. Louis, kunabamangali abane - uChristopher Wade, uGlen Ashelman, uBryce Batiste no-Ann Meeks.

Icala lesithathu liphinde lahlelelwa le nyanga eNkantolo eNkulu yaseRiverside County. Leli cala lilethwe nguTreesa Cotton, owesifazane okutholwe ukuthi une-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngo-2015 asola ngokuvezwa yi-Roundup kaMonsanto.

Abameli Babambana Phambi Kwesilingo Esilandelayo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ngokuqulwa kwecala elilandelayo enkantolo yamacala omdlavuza weRoundup abekelwe uFebhuwari 25 eSan Francisco, abameli beMonsanto kanye nabamangali bayaphikisana nokuthatha imali engaphezulu kweshumi nambili emasontweni kaDisemba nangoJanuwari njengoba bephikisana ngokuthi icala kufanele zihleleke.

Abameli beMonsanto ngoDisemba 10 bafaka isiphakamiso sokuthi "kubuyiselwe emuva bifurcate" icala elilandelayo, U-Edwin Hardeman V. Monsanto (3: 16-cv-00525). IMonsanto ifuna ukuthi ijaji lilalele kuphela ubufakazi obugxile kunkambiso ethile yezokwelapha kuqala - ingabe ukhula lwalo olubulala ukhula lwadala umdlavuza wommangali - ngesigaba sesibili esizobhekana nesibopho seMonsanto kanye nomonakalo odingekayo kuphela uma ijaji litholwa ngummangali esigabeni sokuqala. Bheka Impikiswano kaMonsanto lapha. IJaji uChhabria unikeze isicelo sabameli bommangali ukuthi bavunyelwe kuze kube nguLwesine ukufaka impendulo yabo.

U-Edwin Hardeman nomkakhe bachitha iminyaka eminingi behlala endaweni engamahektare angama-56, okuyisiphephelo sangaphambilini sezilwane eSonoma County, eCalifornia lapho uHardeman wayehlala esebenzisa imikhiqizo yakwaRoundup ukwelapha utshani nokhula obukhule kakhulu kusukela ngawo-1980. Kutholwe ukuthi une-B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngoFebhuwari 2015, inyanga nje ngaphambi kokuthi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer imemezele ukuthi i-glyphosate iyingozi yomdlavuza womuntu.

Icala likaHardeman lakhethwa njengelokuqala ukuqulwa enkantolo yaseSan Francisco (esifundeni esiseNyakatho neCalifornia) phambi kweJaji uVince Chhabria. Ummeli u-Aimee Wagstaff waseDenver, eColorado, ungummeli wommangali ohola leli cala. Ummeli uBrent Wisner wenkampani yabammeli iBaum Hedlund eLos Angeles, kanye nommeli owahlonishwa ngokuhola ukunqoba empumelelweni yomlando ka-Agasti ka-Dewayne Lee Johnson behlula iMonsanto, bekulindeleke ukuthi basize ekuzameni leli cala kodwa manje sekuzoba nelinye icala okumele liqale ngoMashi. Leli cala nguPilliod, et al V. Monsanto eNkantolo Ephakeme Yase-Alameda County. Bona amadokhumenti ahlobene ku- IMonsanto Papers ikhasi eliyinhloko.

Umnikazi omusha weMonsanto uBayer AG akanelisekile ngokuthembela eqenjini lecala likaMonsanto elahlulwa yicala likaJohnson futhi liletha iqembu lalo lezokuvikela. Ithimba leBayer, elisize inkampani yaseJalimane ukunqoba amacala okulwa ne-Xarelto blood thinner, manje sekubandakanya uPamela Yates no-Andrew Solow we-Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer noBrian Stekloff kaWilkinson Walsh Eskovitz.

Ukulalelwa kwezingqinamba ezithile kusethwe ecaleni likaHardeman likaFebhuwari 4, 6, 11, no-13 ngokukhethwa kwabasizi bejaji okuhlelelwe uFebhuwari 20. Ukuphikisana kokuvula kuzoqala ngoFebhuwari 25, ngokwesheduli yamanje.

Umbiko ovela kuGlyphosate Daubert Hearings

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Buyekeza i-3 / 19: IJaji uChhabria iyalele ukulalelwa okungeziwe kofakazi ababili babamangali. Landela UCarey Gillam ku-Twitter ukuthola izibuyekezo ezengeziwe mayelana nomthetho futhi siyaqhubeka nokuthumela imibhalo ku- Ikhasi leMonsanto Papers.

Imibhalo Yenkantolo evela eDaubert Hearings 

NgoLwesihlanu Mashi 9 okulotshiwe

NgoLwesine Mashi 8 transcript

NgoLwesithathu Mashi 7 okulotshiwe

NgoLwesibili Mashi 6 okulotshiwe

NgoMsombuluko Mashi 5 okulotshiwe

Izimpikiswano zomlomo neminye imibhalo yasenkantolo ethunyelwe lapha

Ibhulogi Lesonto Lesayensi 

Umqondisi Wocwaningo Lase-US Right to Know uCarey Gillam ubike eNkantolo Yombuso yase-US eSan Francisco ngesikhathi sangoMashi 5-9, 2018 iDaubert Hearings, lapho iJaji uVince Chhabria ezwe ubufakazi besazi ngesayensi maqondana nokuphepha kwe-glyphosate noMbulali we-Roundup we-weed we-Roundup. Eminye imibiko yafakwa ngu-Co-Director we-USRTK uStacy Malkan.

Ukuthola izibuyekezo, imibhalo kanye nokuhlaziywa okuvela enkantolo, bona i- Ikhasi leMonsanto Papers. Imininingwane engaphezulu mayelana ne-glyphosate, bona eyethu ishidi lamaqiniso esayensi, KaCarey Gillam ukubika nge-glyphosate nencwadi kaGillam, “I-Whitewash: Indaba Yombulali Wokhula, Umdlavuza Nenkohlakalo Yesayensi”(I-Island Press, 2017)

Imibiko ngokulandelana kwayo.

Updated: 03/05/2018 10:09

Abalimi Vs. IMonsanto: IGlyphosate Showdown Ifika eNkantolo yase-US eSan Francisco:
"Isonto Lesayensi" enkantolo yenhlangano izothatha isinqumo uma ngabe amacala omdlavuza womlimi aya phambili

Ukukhishwa Kwezindaba Zase-US Zokwazi, March 5, 2018 - Ukulalelwa kwenkantolo yombuso eSan Francisco kuleli sonto kuzogqamisa isayensi ezungeze isibulala-zinambuzane esisetshenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni, glyphosate, futhi sizonquma ukuthi abalimi nemindeni yabo bazokwazi yini ukuqhubeka nezinyathelo zomthetho kuMonsanto Co ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngomdlavuza.

Ngaphezu kwe Kusalindwe amacala angu-365 ngokumelene neMonsanto eNkantolo Yesifunda sase-US eSan Francisco, efakwe ngabantu abasola ukuthi ukutholakala kwe-Roundup herbicide kubangele bona noma abathandekayo babo ukuba bahlakulele i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, nokuthi iMonsanto yahlanganisa izingozi.

Inkantolo ibize le micimbi kaMashi 5-9 ngokuthi “isonto lesayensi” ngoba ubufakazi obuzokwethulwa yibo kuphela obuzovela kochwepheshe besayensi yomdlavuza, kubandakanya izazi ze-epidemiologists, i-toxicologists, kanye nabahlaziyi bezibalo zezemvelo ababizelwe ukuhlaziya ucwaningo olufanele. Ososayensi bazokwethula ubufakazi babo obuhle kakhulu besayensi kuJaji wase-US uVince Chhabria, ozonquma ukuthi amacala aya phambili yini noma ayamiswa.

Intatheli kanye umbhali uCarey Gillam we-US Right to Know uzobe ebhuloga bukhoma umcimbi osenkantolo. Landela okuthunyelwe kwakhe lapha: https://usrtk.org/live-updates-monsanto-hearing/

Bona futhi:

03/05/2018 10:39 by UCarey Gillam

UMichael Baum waseBaum Hedlund, iseluleko sabalimi nemindeni yabo abamangalela iMonsanto mayelana nokukhathazeka komdlavuza uchaza ukuthi yini ebhekene nokulalelwa kwaleli sonto. https://www.facebook.com/USRightToKnow/videos/1662246967174627/

Kubuyekezwe: 03/06/2018 10:10 nguCarey Gillam 

Umbukiso eSan Fran uyaqhubeka 

Umbukiso uyaqhubeka eSan Francisco.

Amaqembu abameli abambethe okumnyama agcwalise inkantolo yeJaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria ngoMsombuluko ekuseni ukulwela isayensi ezungeze ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza kanye ne-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto.

Njengoba kunamacala angaphezu kwama-365 ahlanganisiwe enkantolo yezifundazwe eziningi ngaphansi kweJaji uChhabria, kwakukhona abameli abaningi abamangali kunezihlalo etafuleni labamangali, ngakho-ke bachithekela emigqeni ebekelwe umphakathi.

Ama-laptops namaphakethe wezomthetho aphuzi, afakwe emgqeni agcwele amatafula abeluleki abaphikisayo njengoba abaningi babethukuthele bethatha amanothi futhi begcina isikhathi, bazi kahle ukuthi uhlangothi ngalunye lunomkhawulo wamahora ayi-11 ukwethula icala labo lesayensi kwijaji ekulalelweni okusebenzayo kuze kube uLwesihlanu. Abamangali kumele bakhombise ukuthi banobufakazi besayensi obubasekela ithi i-glyphosate, isithako esisebenzayo ku-Roundup, ibangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

Ukulalelwa kwamacala kuyisikhashana, kepha kubaluleke kakhulu enkantolo njengoba lokhu kulalelwa kuvumela uChabria ukuthi anqume ukuthi ngabe ososayensi abangabamangali baklelile ukufakaza mayelana ne-causation bazovunyelwa yini ukufakaza ecaleni. Ukugxila kulezo zinqumo ukuthi ngabe ochwepheshe basebenzise indlela eyaziwayo, nethembekile yokufika emibonweni yabo. Uma ijaji icala lingaqhubeka nokuqulwa kwecala, ijaji lizobe selinquma ukuthi ngabe ubufakazi obuningi ngaphezu kokuthi abukhombisi ukuthi i-Roundup idale iNHL yomuntu.

Owokuqala ukufakaza ngufakazi ongummangali wabamangali uBeate Ritz, onguSihlalo woMnyango Wezezifo e-UCLA, we-Occupational and Environmental Health (COEH).

Ngaphansi kokubuzwa kommeli wabamangali uKathryn Forgie, uRitz wahamba nejaji ochungechungeni lwezifundo ze-epidemiology ezenziwa eminyakeni edlule ezikhombisa izibalo ezibucayi ezibalulekile ezixhumanisa i-glyphosate nomdlavuza. Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi ubungozi kubantu ababhekwa "njengabasebenzisi abajwayelekile" be-glyphosate babubalulekile, wafakaza.

IJaji uChhabria ubuze uRitz ngemikhakha eminingana yocwaningo lwesayensi futhi wabonakala ekhathazekile ngokuthi ngabe izifundo zilungisiwe noma cha ukuze zivezwe kwamanye ama-pesticides.

Lapho ebuzwa ngocwaningo uMonsanto wakhomba njengobufakazi obubucayi bokuthi akukho okungaxhunyaniswa ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ne-glyphosate, uRitz wachaza ukuthi ucwaningo - iqembu elibizwa nge-Agricultural Health Study (AHS) - lalinokuza okuningana okufushane.

Phakathi kwezinkinga, wafakaza, imininingwane ye-AHS ku-glyphosate incike kakhulu ezinkumbulweni zabantu abagcwalisa imibuzo yezimbongolo. Incane futhi kunalokho obekufiswa futhi ayikalandeli abantu isikhathi esanele, esho. "Khumbula iphutha" "empeleni kuyisitha sokuhlolwa kokuchayeka," esho.

03/05/2018 13:25 by UCarey Gillam 

Ukuthola Okuthakazelisayo 

Ummeli owayehleli eduze kwami ​​emgqeni wokuqala uchaza lokhu ngokuthi "ukuhleleka kwangemva kokudla."

Kepha sekuqala ukuheha - Ngemuva kwekhefu elifushane lesidlo sasemini, udokotela wezifo ezithathelwanayo uBeate Ritz uphinde waqala ubufakazi ngengxoxo eningiliziwe yokuhlaziywa kwe-meta. Uthi maqondana ne-glyphosate, kunemininingwane yezilwane kepha "okubaluleke kakhulu" imininingwane yomuntu ekhombisa ukuhlangana phakathi kwe-lymphoma ne-glyphosate. Uthe "amakhefu e-DNA akhonjisiwe ukuthi enzeka lapho abantu bevezwa." Uthi isiphetho sakhe ngukuthi i-glyphosate ne-glyphosate based herbicides "ziyayidala iNHL."

Kepha lapho iJaji uChhabria embuza ukuthi acacise kabanzi - uyakholelwa yini ukuthi umuthi wokubulala izinambuzane njengamanje ubangela i-NHL noma "uyakwazi" ukubangela i-NHL, wathi yiwo owokugcina. "Siyazi ukuthi ubuthi buyisilinganiso," esho. Lokho kudale ukuthi abanye bakuhlebele phakathi kwabameli babamangali baphinde babuze imibuzo uRitz athi kuzoncika emacaleni omuntu lowo.

Abameli beMonsanto manje badutshulwa eRitz.

03/05/2018 15:29 by UCarey Gillam 

URitz Uphetha Ubufakazi NgamaHalala avela kuJaji

Whew - Ubufakazi bamahora amahlanu obunobufakazi bommangali, udokotela uBeate Ritz, waphetha ngokuhlekisa nxazonke njengoba iJaji leNkantolo yaseFederal uVince Chhabria etshela uRitz ukuthi "siyakuhalalisela" ngobufakazi bakhe obunomdlandla, yize kwesinye isikhathi bube yisimanga. glyphosate nokuxhuma nomdlavuza, ikakhulukazi i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

UChhabria kudingeke ukuthi aluleke uRitz kaningi ngesikhathi ephekwa ngemibuzo ngummeli weMonsanto u-Eric Lasker ukuthi ayeke ukubuza uLasker imibuzo futhi amtshele ukuthi imiphi imibuzo okufanele ayibuze. Ijaji lithembise - ngokuhlekisa - ukuthi kubekelwe eceleni isikhathi phakathi nesonto ukuze uRitz azenzele eyakhe imibuzo uLasker lapho bekuyinto engakhanyi kangako ekucwaningisisweni okungathi sína kwesayensi.

Ngaphambi kokuthi aphume kusihlalo wofakazi, uChhabria wambuza ukuthi uyakholelwa yini ukuthi amazinga akhona okuvezwa yi-glyphosate abangela noma abangele i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. URitz uthe imininingwane emihle yokuvezwa kwe-quantification iyashoda kodwa ngenkathi ecindezelwa yijaji ukusho ukuthi ngabe lezi zifundo azibuyekezile zikhombisa noma cha ukuthi i-glyphosate idale iNHL kubantu waphendula wathi: "Yebo ngicabanga ukuthi bayakwenza lokho."

Okulandelayo: UDennis Weisenburger, udokotela nodokotela wezifo ogxile kakhulu ocwaningweni lwe-NHL, uyama. UnguSihlalo woMnyango Wezifo Zempilo weCity of Hope Medical Center, e-Omaha, eNebraska.

03/05/2018 17:02 by UCarey Gillam

"Kunengqondo yezinto eziphilayo"

Usuku olude lobufakazi olwethulwe ngofakazi babamangali luphothulwe ngezitatimende eziqinile ngochwepheshe we-NHL uDennis Weisenburger ebeka izifundo eziningi ezixhasa izinsolo zabamangali zokuthi i-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto esekwe eglyphosate idala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Njengoba enza ngofakazi wangaphambilini uBeate Ritz, ijaji libuze uWeisenburger ukuthi ngabe akakholelwa nje ukuthi isibulala-zinambuzane siyakwazi ukudala i-NHL kepha uma sisebungozini abantu ababhekene nabo njengamanje. UWeisenburger uphendule ngokuvuma.

"Ubufakazi bufakazi obuqinile," kusho uWeisenburger. IGlyphosate nokwakheka okususelwa ku-glyphosate, kufaka phakathi i-Roundup kungadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), utshele iJaji uChhabria.

UWeisenburger uchithe isikhathi ehamba enkantolo ngezifundo ezikhombisa ukulimala kwe-DNA kubantu abadalulwe i-glyphosate, kufaka phakathi ukufafaza emoyeni. Ucwaningo lukhombisa ukuthi kokubili i-glyphosate nokwakhiwa kudala ukulimala kofuzo, uhlobo oluholela ku-NHL, kusho yena.

"Kunokukholelwa okuphathelene nemvelo."

Ufakaze ukuthi zombili izifundo zezilwane nezifundo zabantu ezivezwe ku-glyphosate zikhombise ukuxhumana phakathi kwamakhemikhali nomdlavuza.

Kokunye ukuhlola, iNorth American Pooled Project (NAPP) ubungozi be-NHL bukhuphuke cishe kabili lapho kubantu abasebenzisa i-glyphosate ngaphezu kwezinsuku ezimbili ngonyaka. Ezifundweni zezilwane, u-Weisenburger uthe kukhona "imiphumela ehlobene nomthamo yezicubu eziningi." Futhi, isifundo esisodwa segundane sikhombise izicubu ezingavamile ezilwaneni eziveziwe.

"Kunobufakazi obuningi obuphoqelela ukuthi i-glyphosate nokwakhiwa kwayo kune-genotoxic kumaseli aphilayo," wafakaza.

NjengoRitz, u-Weisenburger wayichitha imiphumela emisha esanda kushicilelwa njengengxenye ye-Agricultural Health Study engakhombisi ukuxhumana phakathi kwe-glyphosate ne-NHL.

Yize iMonsanto ifune ukuveza lolu cwaningo njengobufakazi obucacile bokuthi abukho ubudlelwano phakathi komdlavuza nombulali wawo wokhula, bobabili ososayensi abafakazile namuhla bathi ucwaningo lunamaphutha amaningi awenze wangathembela ekunqumeni i-glyphosate, kufaka phakathi ukuthi ubude bayo bufushane kakhulu, khumbula ukukhathazeka kwe-bias, kanye nokushoda kwemininingwane yangempela ekusetshenzisweni kwe-glyphosate eminyakeni edlule.

Abameli bakaMonsanto bazothola ithuba lokuwela behlola iWeisenburger ngoLwesibili.

Hlala ubukele…..

Kubuyekezwe: 03/06/2018 10:58 nguStacy Malkan 

Okulotshiwe ngoMashi 5, 2018 

Nasi isixhumanisi esiya ku okulotshiweyo kobufakazi obuqhamuka kuMonusuku, Mashi 5 enkambisweni ye-Roundup Products Liability. Lo mbhalo nayo yonke imibhalo yasenkantolo neyokutholwa kwamacala athweswe amacala kuthunyelwe ku-US Right to Know Ikhasi leMonsanto Papers.

Kubuyekezwe: 03/06/2018 11:20 nguCarey Gillam 

Isonto Lesayensi, Usuku Lwesibili 

Ubufakazi base buzoqhubeka nosuku lwesibili "lweviki lesayensi" ngofakazi ongummangali uDennis Weisenburger ngenxa yokubuyela esitebhisini. U-Weisenburger, onguSihlalo woMnyango Wezemvelo weSikhungo Sezokwelapha saseDolobheni laseThemba e-Omaha, eNebraska, ugxile kakhulu ocwaningweni lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

UWeisenburger uchithe isikhathi esiningi sangoMsombuluko ntambama efingqa iJaji uVince Chhabria ngenkolelo yakhe yokuthi ukuhlaziywa kwezifundo eziningi zocwaningo kunikeza ubufakazi obuqinile bokuthi ababulali bokhula base-glyphosate nabase-glyphosate abanjengoMonsanto's Roundup bungadala ukuthi umuntu ngamunye aveze iNHL.

Abameli beMonsanto bazothola ithuba lokuhlwaya iWeisenburger ngoLwesibili ntambama ngemuva kokuphothula ubufakazi bakhe obuqondile.

Uhlangothi ngalunye luthi lunesayensi ngasohlangothini lwalo: “Umbuzo ophambi kwale Nkantolo umayelana nesayensi, ” Abameli baseMonsanto babhala enkantolo ngaphambi kokulalelwa kwecala. "Isayensi okukhulunywa ngayo inocwaningo kanye nedatha yangempela, hhayi ukuqagela nokuqagela. ” UMonsanto uthi ubufakazi babamangali bokuthi “Kugcwele izinto ezikhethwe ngokucophelela, ezingaphandle kokuqukethwe, ama-imeyili, imemoranda nokunye okungaphakathi Imibhalo yeMonsanto, ngokusho kwezinsolo zabamangali esithangamini sabo, ikhombisa ukubhalwa kwesipoki kwemibhalo yokubuyekeza (hhayi izifundo zokuqala uqobo) noma okusolwa ukuthi kungukuziphatha okungafanele kwezinkampani."

Ukuphikisana kwabamangali kuleyo mpikiswano yilokhu: “Indlela esetshenziswe ochwepheshe bakaMonsanto ayiphenduki kwisayensi ezwakalayo kepha kunalokho ukuthi ubufakazi obukhulunywa ngabo buyavumelana yini noma abuhambisani nesimo sikaMonsanto. Lapho ubufakazi buvuna khona, buthola ukuhlolwa okuncane futhi ochwepheshe bakaMonsanto bavame ukwehluleka ukuthola noma yimaphi amaphutha noma amaphutha. Kodwa-ke lapho ubufakazi bukhombisa ubudlelwano obuhle phakathi kokuchayeka ekwakhiweni kwe-glyphosate-based formulations (GBFs) kanye ne-Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL), ochwepheshe bakaMonsanto benza uphenyo oluhlala lubaholela ekutheni bangabunaki ubufakazi obuyibo bonke. Ukungahambisani noma ubufakazi obuphikisayo abuyinciphisi le ndlela. Kunalokho, lapho bebhekene nobufakazi obunokwethenjelwa bokuthi lokhu kuyimbangela, ochwepheshe bakaMonsanto basungula izindlela ezintsha zokunciphisa okutholakele, okubandakanya ukukhiqiza imibono noma amaqiniso amasha. ”

Uhlu lokuqala lwabakhangisi lufike kuzinto ezingama-252 ezibalwe, kuyilapho uMonsanto efakwe ohlwini lwezinto ezingaphezu kwe-1,000 sezizonke.

Elinye lamaphuzu amaningi okunamathela ekwethulweni kobufakazi kube ukuphikisana okunonya kukaMonsanto ekusetshenzisweni okungaba khona kwamakhasi alinganiselwa ku-1,500 emininingwane evela ocwaningweni olunempikiswano lwamagundane lwango-1983 ososayensi be-EPA ekuqaleni ababubona njengobufakazi bokuthi kungenzeka kube nomdlavuza we-glyphosate. IMonsanto ekugcineni yaphumelela ekukholiseni i-EPA ukuthi ukuhlaziywa kwayo kunamaphutha nokuthi empeleni isifundo asibonisanga sizathu sokukhathazeka.

Abamangali bafuna ukumba kuleyo mininingwane yokufunda, okuyinto uMonsanto ayiphikisile. "Amakhulu wamakhasi emininingwane engahlosiwe abamangali abafuna ukuyikhetha baqokiwe bayimfihlo engenakuphikwa," UMonsanto ubhale ngesifiso sabamangali sokuxoxa ngesifundo segundane ekulalelweni kwaleli sonto.

Udaba olulodwa ochwepheshe okufanele balubhekele iJaji uChhabria luhlobene nezifundo ezenza ukuxhumana phakathi kokuchayeka kwe-glyphosate ne-NHL kepha kungalungiswa ukuvezwa kweminye imishanguzo yokubulala izinambuzane. Ijaji lasho kaningi ukuthi libona lokho njengokukhathazeka futhi lifuna ukuqonda kangcono udaba njengoba ukulalelwa kuqhubeka. "Lokhu kuqhubeka nokuba yinkinga kimi," esho ngaphambi nje kokuba inkantolo iphethe ngoMsombuluko.

Ijaji liphinde laxwayisa abameli ukuthi lidinga ukuqonda kangcono udaba "lokukhumbula ukwenzelela" ocwaningweni lwezifo nokuthi lokho kungakuthinta kanjani okutholakele.

Ngemuva kobufakazi bukaWeisenburger, uhlelo lwabamangali lokwethula ubufakazi obuvela ku-Alfred Neugut bese kuba nguCharles “Bill” Jameson.

UNeugut ngudokotela osebenza nge-oncologist, uprofesa ocwaninga ngomdlavuza kanye noprofesa wezokwelapha nezifo ezithathelwanayo e-Columbia University.

UJameson ubambe iqhaza njengelungu leqembu elisebenzayo le-International Agency for Research on Cancer futhi uyilungu le-American Chemical Society kanye neSociety of Toxicology futhi ubamba iqhaza ekubuyekezweni kontanga kwamajenali ayisithupha esayensi.

Kubuyekezwe: 03/06/2018 15:56 by UCarey Gillam

Kubi futhi kuyadilika 

Kwakuwumbuzo onzima wokubuza kwabachwepheshe uDennis Weisenburger, owayeboshwe ezindaweni eziningi zokuhlaziywa kwakhe ngummeli weMonsanto uKirby Griffis. Ngemuva kokuphuma endaweni yokuma kofakazi nokuhlala ngaphambili endaweni yokuhlala umphakathi, uzwakalise ukukhululeka ngokuqedwa, wathi, "Kufana nokuya esihogweni ubuye."

Ummeli kaMonsanto uvule isiphambano sakhe ngokukhombisa isilayidi esinombhalo ovela kudiphozithi okhombise uWeisenburger ephendula ngokuvumayo embuzweni obuza ukuthi ngabe indinganiso yakhe yokunikeza imibono ezindabeni ezishicilelwe ibinzima kakhulu ngokunikeza umbono wakhe ezindabeni zamacala. Usole i-Weisenburger ngokungakhiphi isithombe esigcwele semininingwane etholakalayo ephathelene ne-glyphosate, kanti uGriffis uphakamise ubufakazi obuvela e-Weisenburger obuqinisekisa ukuthi igagasi le-NHL lahlonzwa ngawo-1950, isikhathi eside ngaphambi kokuba i-glyphosate yethulwe emakethe nguMonsanto ngo-1974, igcizelela kunezinye izimbangela zomdlavuza.

Ngasekupheleni kwalobu bufakazi, nemibuzo evela kuJaji Chhabria yayishushu ukubamba. Ijaji lifuna ukwazi ukuthi kwenzeka kanjani ukuthi kuxhunywe i-glyphosate ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kubantu abatholakale ngasekupheleni kweminyaka yama-1970 nasekuqaleni kweminyaka yama-1980 abanikezwe i-glyphosate beza kuphela emakethe ngo-1974 futhi banikeza ubufakazi bochwepheshe bokuthi i-NHL ingathatha iminyaka engaphezu kwamashumi amabili ukuthuthuka kusuka ekuchayekeni kwe-pesticide. Ijaji liphakamise ukuthi kufanele "kucatshangwe" ukuthi okuthile ngaphandle kwe-glyphosate kubangele i-NHL kulabo bantu ababeyingxenye yezifundo zokuqala.

"Ngokusobala yilokho abezokuvikela abazama ukukusho," kuphendula u-Weisenburger, kodwa wavuma ukuthi kukhona ezinye izibulala-zinambuzane ezihlobene ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Okulandelayo esitendini- u-Alfred Neugut. i-oncologist yezokwelapha esebenza njengoprofesa wokucwaninga ngomdlavuza kanye noprofesa wezokwelapha nezifo zezifo e-Columbia University. Ebufakazini bakhe obuqondile bokuvula uthi kukhona ukucaciswa okuhle ngocwaningo olukhombisa ukuxhumana phakathi kwe-glyphosate ne-NHL.

Ososayensi ababuboni ubufakazi obuphindaphindwayo bezibopho phakathi kwe-glyphosate nezinye izinhlobo eziningana zomdlavuza, kepha imvamisa babona i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. “Njalo uma ubheka kuvela ini? IGlyphosate neNHL, ”kusho yena.

UNeugut ufakaze ukuthi alukho ucwaningo lwesayensi oluphelele kepha ukungaguquguquki kokutholakele kocwaningo akunakushaywa indiva.

Ukhulume ngokukhulu ukushesha kangangoba ijaji nentatheli yasenkantolo kudingeke ukuba limxwayise ukuthi ehlise ijubane. “Ngivela eBrooklyn,” ephendula, ehlekisa enkantolo.

03/06/2018 16:05 by UCarey Gillam

"Ngokuningi" 

Ufakazi oyingcweti u-Alfred Neugut, ethula ubufakazi kwabamangali ngoLwesibili, ubhekise ocwaningweni olwathiwa yiMonsanto bungubufakazi obubonakalayo obusekela izimangalo zayo ezithi i-glyphosate ne-Roundup azibangeli i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). I-Agricultural Health Study (AHS) "isifundo esihle kakhulu sezinto eziningi," kusho uNeugut, kodwa ukuqonda noma yikuphi ukuhlangana - noma ukungabi khona - phakathi kwe-glyphosate ne-NHL, ucwaningo luyahluleka, wafakaza. Ukwanda okungajwayelekile ekusetshenzisweni kwe-glyphosate okwaqala ngasekupheleni kweminyaka yama-1990 kwashintsha kakhulu izinga lokuvezwa kwabalimi laba yi-glyphosate kusukela ekuqaleni kocwaningo lapho kutholakala ukuvezwa okuyisisekelo. Kunamanye amaphutha kulolu cwaningo, okubandakanya “ukulahlekelwa ukulandelwa,” kusho yena.

"Unephutha ngaphezulu kwephutha ngaphezulu kwephutha ... ucwaningo lwe-AHS alusizi ngalutho," kusho yena.

Ngesikhathi ebuzwa ukuthi ucwaningo olwenziwe kabi kangaka lungashicilelwa kanjani njengoba ucwaningo lwe-AHS belungoNovemba 2017, wahlikihla wathi "udoti uyenzeka."

Okulandelayo: Ummeli weMonsanto u-Eric Lasker ukuqala ukuhlolwa kwakhe.

03/07/2018 10:33 by UCarey Gillam 

Usuku 3 - Amanothi nesipho & Shift to Toxicology 

Usuku lwesithathu lokulalelwa komdlavuza weRoundup "isonto lesayensi" luvulwe ngesipho esivela kuJaji Chhabria kubamangali - isipho sesikhathi. Abamangali bazoba nemizuzu eyengeziwe engama-60 ukwethula ubufakazi babo bobufakazi obungeziwe obufakwe kumahora ayi-11 ohlangothini ngalunye abelwe imicimbi yaleli sonto. Ijaji lithe ngoba uvamisile ukuthatha isikhathi sabamangali ngemibuzo yofakazi, unqume ukuthi isikhathi esengeziwe besifanele. Abamangali babecele eminye imizuzu engama-90. IMonsanto ayifanele ngenxa yesikhathi esengeziwe, esho.

Ijaji liphinde laphawula ukuthi lithole umyalezo we-imeyili ovela “kwisakhamuzi” maqondana nalezi zinqubo, kodwa lathi likhethe ukungawufundi lo mlayezo. Wawadlulisela amakhophi alo kubammeli bobabili bommangali noMonsanto.

NgoLwesithathu ukulalelwa kwaqala ngokuqhubeka kwesiphambano sabamangali bakaMonsanto u-Alfred Neugut, isazi se-epidemiology oyisazi sezokwelapha i-oncologist kanye noprofesa wokucwaninga ngomdlavuza kanye noprofesa wezokwelapha nezifo e-Columbia University.

Ummeli weMonsanto u-Eric Lasker uphushe uNeugut esikhundleni sakhe kwezesayensi, futhi waphonsela inselelo kaninginingi inkumbulo yososayensi maqondana nezitatimende kanye nokuhlaziya kwangaphambilini okwaboniswa ngummeli njengokuphikisana nobufakazi bakhe kule micimbi. UNeugut ngesinye isikhathi wathi kumele ngabe wayenephutha phambilini kepha manje wayeqinisile.

Ngemuva kobufakazi bukaNeugut, ukugxila kokulalelwa namuhla kuzosuka ocwaningweni lwezifo kuya ocwaningweni lwezobuthi obuthiwa ngabamangali njengobufakazi obusekela izimangalo zabo zokubulala ukhula lukaMonsanto kubanga umdlavuza.

Isazi sokuqala se-toxicology esizothatha lesi sikhundla kuzoba nguCharles Jameson (ohamba noBill). UJameson usebenze njengomholi wohlelo lweNational Toxicology Programme eNIH's National Institute of Environmental Health Science iminyaka eyi-12. Ubeyilungu leqembu elisebenza e-International Agency for Research on Cancer elathola ukuthi i-glyphosate iyingozi yomdlavuza womuntu ngoMashi 2015.

Ngokuphenduka ubuthi bezobuthi kungenzeka kufike ithuba lokuxoxwa ngesifundo segundane sango-1983 esiqale sakhuthaza ososayensi be-EPA ukuthi bathi lolu cwaningo lukhombisa ubufakazi bokuthi kungenzeka ukuthi iglucphosate ibanga umdlavuza. Kwakungemuva nje kwengcindezi evela kuMonsanto kanye nombiko ovela kudokotela wezifo oqashwe uMonsanto - neminyaka yezingxoxo ne-EPA - lapho ukuhlolwa okusemthethweni kwalolo cwaningo kwashintshwa kungakhombisi zimpawu zokuba nomdlavuza.

IMonsanto ifuna ukugcina imininingwane eminingi evela kulolo cwaningo ngaphandle kwenkantolo ngemuva kokuthi abamangali bethi bazoyethula, kepha ijaji lithe imininingwane yocwaningo izovunyelwa njengobufakazi.

03/07/2018 10:49 by UCarey Gillam 

Okulotshiwe kusuka ekuLaleleni kwangoLwesibili 

03/07/2018 11:59 by UCarey Gillam

Ubufakazi Mayelana Nemininingwane Yokulimala Kwezilwane 

Ubufakazi besazi sezobuthi uBill Jameson ngoLwesithathu buvuse ukuphikisana kwasekuqaleni kubameli baseMonsanto njengoba usosayensi wangaphambili kahulumeni echaza ngomzimba wocwaningo owamenza waphetha ngokuthi i-glyphosate kanye ne-glyphosate-based herbicides (efana ne-Roundup) ingadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emhlabeni wangempela ukuvezwa - amazinga abasebenzi basemapulazini nabanye ababhekene nawo lapho besebenzisa umbulali wokhula. IJaji uVince Chhabria uchithe ukuphikisana kukaMonsanto.

UJameson wayeyilungu leqembu elisebenzayo le-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) elalihlaziya ucwaningo nge-glyphosate futhi lamemezela ukuthi lingaba ngumdlavuza wabantu ngoMashi 2015.

IJaji uChhabria ubuze uJameson imibuzo eminingana ngalokho okutholwe yi-IARC, waphawula ukuthi ezifundweni zabantu iqembu le-IARC liphethe ngokuthi kunobufakazi "obunqunyelwe" bokubangwa komzimba, uma kuqhathaniswa nobufakazi "obanele" ocwaningweni lwezilwane.

Lokho kuholele uJameson ukuthi achaze ukuthi abanye ososayensi beqembu elisebenzayo le-IARC bacabanga ukuthi ubufakazi bunamandla kunokulinganiselwa kepha abanye abavumelani nalokhu. UJameson uncokole wathi: “Uma kukhona odokotela bokubulala izifo abathathu egumbini bese ubabuza imibono yabo uzothola imibono emine.”

Yena, njengososayensi abafakaze ngoMsombuluko nangoLwesibili, uthe kuyisisindo semininingwane ehlangene yezilwane neyomuntu ekhombisa ubuthi be-herbicide.

Kunezifundo eziningi zezilwane nge-glyphosate, ufakazele uJameson, ethi "kuyamangaza" ukuba nezifundo eziningi kangaka zezilwane zokuhlola ikhemikhali ngenxa yezindleko zalolo cwaningo. Iqiniso lokuthi abacwaningi banezifundo eziningi zezilwane njengoba benza i-glyphosate leza emandleni esiphetho sakhe sokuthi ikhemikhali lidala umdlavuza, kusho yena. Okubaluleke kakhulu, ucwaningo lwezilwane lukhombisa ukuthi kukhona ukuphindaphindeka kwezindawo eziningana zezimila, kufaka phakathi izicubu zesibindi kanye ne-lymphoma emibi, kusho yena.

"Sasinokuphindaphindeka okuningi kwama-lymphomas amabi egundaneni," esho. Izicubu ezifanayo zabonakala ezifundweni ezahlukahlukene kumalebhu ahlukene ngezikhathi ezahlukahlukene, okugcizelela amandla okuphetha kwe-carcinogenicity, kusho yena.

Ekubuzeni kwakhe uJameson, ummeli wabamangali u-Aimee Wagstaff ngesinye isikhathi wethule isilayidi esikhombisa ikhasi kusuka ekubekweni kwehora lesishiyagalombili likaJameson, ekhomba ukuthi uMonsanto wayenikeze ijaji ingxenye eyodwa kuphela yesitatimende sangempela sikaJameson maqondana nedatha. Isitatimende sonke sinikeze umongo odingekayo wenkantolo, esho.

Kubuyekezwe: 03/07/2018 14:38 nguCarey Gillam 

Ngemuva kwekhefu lesidlo sasemini, iMonsanto iwela iJameson 

Ngemuva kwekhefu elifushane lokudla kwasemini, ummeli waseMonsanto uJoe Hollingsworth usukumele phezulu eyohlola ufakazi ongummangali wabamangali uBill Jameson.

UHollingsworth wethule isiphambano sakhe ngokucindezela uJameson mayelana nomehluko phakathi kokuhlolwa kobungozi nokuhlolwa kwezinhlekelele, namazwana abhalwe nguJameson ediphozini.

Amajaji ayale uHollingsworth futhi aphakamisa ukuthi kunokuba aqhubeke abuze uJameson ngalokho akusho ekufakeni imali, ummeli kufanele ambuze ngalokho akucabangayo empeleni.

“Kungani ungabuzi umbono wakhe manje, ijaji litshele uHollingsworth. "Imvamisa le yindlela esikwenza ngayo," kusho ijaji.

UHollingsworth walungisa uphenyo lwakhe kodwa waphinda futhi wabuza uJameson mayelana nokuphawula akwenzile ediphozithi kwaholela uJameson ukuba aphendule ngokuthi lapho efakwa nguMonsanto “Ngikhishwe kabi futhi izinto zikhishwe emongweni izikhathi eziningi…”

Ngenkathi uHollingsworth eqhubeka nokucindezela uJameson ukuthi akhulume lapho uHollingsworth ethi uJameson ufake isicelo, ijaji liphinde liphazamise lapho likhuza uHollingsworth, lithi uma uHollingsworth efuna ukubuza uJameson imibuzo ngobufakazi bokufakwa ngaphambi kwesikhathi ngendlela ayibuzayo uHollingsworth kumele amnikeze yona okulotshiwe okuphelele kokufakwa kanye nenombolo yekhasi equkethe ukuphawula.

Ummeli weMonsanto uthi unakho ukuphawula okutholakala kwisilayidi ukukhombisa uJameson nenkantolo. Ijaji limtshela ukuthi lokho akwenele ngokwanele. Ufakazi kumele akwazi ukubona ukuphawula ngokuqukethwe, hhayi ukukhishwa kusilayidi, ijaji litshela uHollingsworth. UJameson uvunyelwe ukuthola futhi afunde ngokuzwakalayo ukuphawula kwakhe okugcwele.

Ngokuphindaphindiwe ijaji kubukeka sengathi liyasiphazamisa isitayela sokubuza uHollingsworth, okubandakanya ukusho ukuthi “yiphutha lakhe” ukukhuluma ngoJameson njengoba ufakazi ezama ukuphendula imibuzo.

Kubuyekezwe: 03/07/2018 15:47 by UCarey Gillam

Incane Yomdlalo Wezomthetho

Idrama encane yomthetho ebufakazini bakusihlwa ngufakazi ongummangali wabamangali uBill Jameson njengeJaji uVince Chhabria eluleka ephindelela ummeli ohola uMonsanto uJoe Hollingsworth ngamaqhinga akhe okuphenya uJameson.

UChhabria ubonakala ecasulwa kakhulu ngumzamo kaHollingsworth wokuvula umugqa wokubuza imibuzo ngokubuza uJameson mayelana nezitatimende azenze ethunjini. Ijaji litshele uHollingsworth kaningi phakathi nokubuza imibuzo ukuthi abuze uJameson ngqo ukuthi iyini imibono yakhe ngesayensi, bese kuthi uma lokho kuphikisana nokuthile akusho phambilini uHollingsworth angahlola lokho kuphikisana. Uphinde wagxeka uHollingsworth ngokukhuluma ngoJameson njengoba ezama ukuphendula imibuzo.

Ijaji likhombise ukukhathazeka okungenzeka ukuthi kungenzeka ukuthi iMonsanto ithathe izitatimende zochwepheshe ngaphandle komongo. Lokho kukhathazeka kwagcizelelwa lapho, ngesinyathelo esibi kakhulu esashiya abameli babamangali bejabule, iJaji uChhabria wayala ummeli kaMonsanto ukuba afunde ngokuzwakalayo emakhasini amabili amarekhodi wobufakazi besimemezelo esasisekela ubuchwepheshe bokuhlaziywa kukaJameson ngaphambi kokuthi avumele iHollingsworth ukwethula isibonelo esehlukile kokudiphozwayo okususa ubungcweti bukaJameson.

UHollingsworth ubhikishe ngalesi senzo kodwa wagcina edlulile njengoba nejaji laphikelela. Ngemuva kwalokho waqeda ukubuza uJameson isiphambano.

Ngesikhathi ubufakazi bukaJameson buphela futhi ehla esikhundleni sofakazi, wabhekisa ejajini wathi: “Ngiyabonga ngokuhlonishwa, ukuhlonishwa kwakho,” kusho yena.

Ukulandela uJameson, uChris Portier, omunye ohlangothini lofakazi abangochwepheshe bommangali, uthathe lesi sikhundla. UPortier, owasuka ekhaya lakhe eSwitzerland ezokwethula ubufakazi, waveza ukwethuka okuncane ngaphambi kokuqala ubufakazi bakhe ehlolwa ngqo ngummeli waseNew York uRobin Greenwald.

UPortier wethule umbono wakhe wobuchwepheshe wokuthi amathuba okuthi i-glyphosate ibange i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma "aphezulu."

Ebufakazini bakhe, uPortier wenza ucwaningo lweGreim 2015, uMonsanto nabasekeli bakhe abathi bayasisekela isimo sabo sokuthi i-glyphosate ayibangeli umdlavuza. (Imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ithi iphepha laseGreim lalibhalwe isipoki ngusosayensi waseMonsanto.) UPortier uthe lo msebenzi awubhalwanga kahle, unikeza imininingwane efingqiwe kuphela futhi unganikeli ngemininingwane yezilwane ngazinye, phakathi kokunye okuzayo

Kubuyekezwe: 03/07/2018 16:54 nguCarey Gillam  

Inkantolo Ihlehlisela Usuku 

OKUSHA - Kuthulwe uthuli ngemuva kokumiswa kwenkantolo: Abamangali 'babenikeze abameli beMonsanto ikhophi yedeskithophu ababeyisebenzisela ubufakazi obuqondile bukaPortier. Kepha ngenkathi inkantolo imisa phakathi nobufakazi, babefuna ukubuyiselwa emuva kwesilayidi - noma okungenani izingxenye ababengakazimbozi. Abameli beMonsanto abanohlelo lwabo lomdlalo ubusuku bonke babebhikisha kubameli babamangali. Kodwa ummeli weMonsanto u-Eric Lasker wasichitha isicelo esivela kummeli wabamangali u-Aimee Wagstaff sokuthi babuyise indawo yokulala yama-slide. Ummeli waseMonsanto wayesephumile nale mibhalo kanti uLasker wayengathandi ukuzama ukuyithola. UWagstaff okhungathekile ucele "usizo lwezomthetho" kwijaji kodwa wahlehla ngemuva kokuthi uLasker ethe babhale amanothi kufasitela lesilayidi futhi wenqaba ukubabuyisela.

Usuku olude lobufakazi olugoqwe ngufakazi ongummangali uChris Portier obekela inkantolo indlela eningiliziwe nobuchwepheshe obukhulu athi buxhasa imibono yakhe yokuthi i-glyphosate inokuxhumana okunamandla okuyimbangela ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

UMonsanto ugxeke uPortier ngokuhlanganisa imiphumela ezifundweni zocwaningo eziningi ngezindlela ezihlose ukukhiqiza ngenhloso idatha evuna izimangalo zabamangali ezibhekiswe eMonsanto, kodwa uPortier ukuphikile lokho kukhetha ebufakazini bakhe ngoLwesithathu.

Usosayensi uchaze izinto ezinjengokuthi “ukubambezeleka” enkantolo, futhi waxoxa “ngokuhlaziya kwakhe ukuzwela” kwezifundo azenza kumagundane namagundane ngawo-1980 nango-1990.

Ubufakazi obuqonde ngokwengeziwe benzelwe uLwesine ekuseni buvela ePortier bese kuphekwa imibuzo yakhe. Ngemuva kwalokho, iMonsanto izothola ithuba layo lokwethula ochwepheshe bayo ejajini. Le nkampani ithe izokwethula ofakazi abane.

Ngemuva kobufakazi baleli sonto, abameli bazo zombili izinhlangothi bazothola ithuba labo lokuphikisana ngomlomo nejaji esikhathini esithile emasontweni amabili ezayo. Ijaji lizokhipha isinqumo sokuthi ngabe ofakazi bommangali abanikeza imibono yabo yesayensi maqondana nesizathu bazovunyelwa yini ukufakaza uma kuqulwa icala.

Ukugxila esinqumweni sejaji ukuthi ngabe ochwepheshe basebenzisa indlela eyaziwayo nethembekile ukuze bafinyelele emibonweni yabo. Uma enquma ukuthi obani noma bonke ofakazi abathembele kulesi sisekelo esifanele sesayensi angabakhipha ekufakazeni, isenzo esingaba yigalelo elinamandla ecaleni labamangali nokunqoba kweMonsanto.

Ngiyaxolisa ukusho ukuthi kufanele ngiye eNew York City ngoLwesine, ngakho-ke ngizophuthelwa izinsuku ezimbili zokugcina zobufakazi. Kepha i-USRTK izokwenza ukuthi okubhaliwe kutholakale nokuqoshwa kwevidiyo kokulalelwa okuphelele lapho ukuxhumana kwewebhu sekutholakala ngemuva kokuphela kwemicimbi yaleli sonto.

Kubuyekezwe: 03/09/2018 09:50 by UCarey Gillam

Imibhalo ebhalwe kusukela ngoMashi 7 & 8 ukulalelwa 

Bekufanele ngiye kwelinye idolobha kepha nangu umbhalo ovela ekulalelweni kuka-Mashi 7, https://usrtk.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Transcript-hearing-March-7-2018.pdf nanku umbhalo ovela ezenzakalweni zangoLwesine https://usrtk.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Transcript-for-Daubert-Hearing-March-8-2018.pdf

Uzakwethu uStacy Malkan ubheke enkantolo namuhla ukunazisa nonke!

Kubuyekezwe: 03/09/2018 14:43 by UStacy Malkan

Usuku Lokugcina Lobufakazi bukaDaubert 

Kungenwa ngo-inning wokugcina weSonto Lezesayensi njengoba ummeli kommangali esezoqala ukubuza ngokuhlwaya isifo sikashukela somdlavuza uDkt Lorelei Mucci, ongusolwazi ophathelene nezifo zezifo e-Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health. Ufakazi wokugcina! Ukuvuselelwa okuningi kusanda kuvela ebufakazini bukaDkt.Mucci kanye nobufakazi bangaphambilini ngufakazi kommangali uDkt Chadi Nabhan, ibhodi eliqinisekisiwe le-oncologist yezokwelapha kanye nomsizi kaprofesa owedlule e-University of Chicago.

Kubuyekezwe: 03/15/2018 10:45 by UStacy Malkan

Iviki Lesayensi Liyaphela Enkantolo Yomfelandawonye 

(kuvuselelwe)

Ukuhlolwa kwesiphambano kukaDkt. Mucci kuqediwe, futhi lokho kungukugoqwa kobufakazi beviki leSayensi le-glyphosate. IJaji uChhabria ufuna kushayelwe ihlombe intatheli yasenkantolo; "Sonke singavuma ukuthi ubenomsebenzi onzima kunabo bonke kuleli kamelo kuleli sonto." Izimpikiswano zomlomo zisethelwe i-Weds ngo-10 ekuseni

Namuhla, kwethulwe ofakazi ababili bokugcina: UDkt Chadi Nabhan wabamangali (akakwazanga ukufika lapha kuze kube namuhla) noDkt Lorelei Mucci wezokuvikela. UDkt Nabhan ungudokotela wesifo somdlavuza osebenza njengomqondisi wezokwelapha weCardinal Health futhi uneminyaka eyi-17 yokwenza komtholampilo nocwaningo lwezifundo olugxile kuma-lymphomas.

UDkt Nabhan uxoxe ngenqubo i-International Agency for Research on Cancer eqhuba ngayo ama-monograph ayo ukuthola ukuthi amakhemikhali ayawudala yini umdlavuza. I-ejensi inebha ephezulu yokubheka ukuthi ibuyekeza ini, uthe - ukuvezwa kumele kube okuphezulu nedatha yezilwane eqinile. Kusukela ngo-1965, i-IARC ibuyekeze ama-ejenti ayi-1003 yathola ama-20% kungama-carcinogens; I-120 ihlukaniswe njenge-carcinogenic futhi i-81 ihlukaniswe njenge-carcinogenic, kufaka phakathi i-glyphosate.

"Ngombono wami, ingozi (ye-NHL) (yokuchayeka kwe-glyphosate) ibaluleke kakhulu emtholampilo ukuze iziguli zikwazi," kusho uDkt, uNabhan. "Umbiko we-IARC uyagculisa kakhulu."

UDkt Nabhan akanawo umbono ophakeme we-Agricultural Health Study (AHS) obekuyisihloko sengxoxo enkulu yanamuhla. "Kunamaphutha amaningi kakhulu kulolu cwaningo okungenzeka ukuthi kutholakale iziphetho," esho. Ukushaye eceleni ukuhlaziywa okubuyekeziwe "ukuhlaziywa okubuyekeziwe kwesifundo esivele sinamaphutha."

Ekugcineni kwaba nguDkt. Lorelei Mucci wezokuvikela iMonsanto. UDkt. Mucci ungusolwazi ophathelene nezifo zezifo eHarvard TH Chan School of Public Health futhi umsizi kaprofesa wezokwelapha eHarvard Medical School. Indawo yakhe enkulu yocwaningo nokufundisa yisifo somdlavuza.

UDkt. Mucci uxoxe ngombono wakhe amandla nemikhawulo yezifundo ezine ze-epidemiological (okulotshiwe lapha nemininingwane) ikakhulukazi isifundo se-AHS. Abaphenyi bokuhlaziywa kweqembu le-AHS babike ukuthi abukho ubufakazi bokuhlangana phakathi kokuchayeka ku-glyphosate nobungozi be-NHL, obubhekelela ukuvezwa kokubili kwesikhathi esifushane nesikhathi eside.

Ubufakazi obuningi bukaDkt.Mucci babugxile emibuzweni yamajaji mayelana nokuba semthethweni kokuzibika ngokwakho emibuzweni egcwele abagcwalisi bezinambuzane mayelana nokuchayeka kwabo kwi-glyphosate. UDkt. Mucci uchaze ukuthi kungani ekholelwa ukuthi ukubikwa kwakuthembekile, futhi uyaqiniseka ngokutholakele kocwaningo ukuthi abukho ubufakazi bokuhlangana okuhle phakathi kokuchayeka nobungozi be-NHL futhi abukho ubufakazi bokuphendula komthamo.

Ekuhlolweni okuphikisayo, uDkt. Mucci ucacise ukuthi umbono wakhe wobungcweti ubususelwa emininingwaneni yezifo i-IARC eyibukile futhi eseyaphuma kusukela, i-AHS ebuyekeziwe nokuhlaziywa okubuyekeziwe kweProject Pooled Project yaseNyakatho Melika. Akazange abheke idatha enobuthi noma idatha yezilwane.

Kubuyekezwe: 03/12/2018 11:58 by UStacy Malkan

Okubhaliwe futhi Yini Okulandelayo? 

Ubufakazi buphelele ezinsukwini ezinhlanu zeDaubert Hearings ukubuyekeza ubufakazi besayensi obuxhumanisa i-glyphosate, ikhemikhali elibalulekile kuMonsanto's Roundup weed killer, nohlobo lomdlavuza olutholakala kakhulu kubalimi kunabantu abaningi. Izimpikiswano zokuvala zihlelelwe uLwesithathu Mashi 14 (isikhathi se-TBD). Ijaji laseNkantolo yesiFunda e-US uVince Chhabria uzobe esenquma ukuthi ngabe bukhona yini ubufakazi bokuxhasa isimangalo sabamangali ukuthi ukuvezwa ku-Roundup kungadala i-non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL), futhi uma ochwepheshe abanikezela ngemibono yesayensi mayelana ne-causation bazovunyelwa ukufakaza uma kuqulwa icala.

Le micimbi, ebizwa ngokuthi “iSonto leSayensi” yinkantolo ngoba bonke ubufakazi buqhamuke kochwepheshe besayensi yomdlavuza, ibimaka okokuqala lapho kuhlaziywa khona umzimba wocwaningo oluphathelene ne-glyphosate neNHL. I- iziteki ziphakeme Okwe abalimi nemindeni yabo ukumangalela iMonsanto, kanye nenkampani ethola cishe ingxenye eyodwa kwezintathu yemali etholakalayo evela kwimikhiqizo esekwe ku-glyphosate.

Ngezansi kukhona okubhalwe kusuka ku-glyphosate Science Week. Eminye imibhalo yasenkantolo neyokutholwa evela emizileni ye-glyphosate, kanye nokubika nokuhlaziywa, kuthunyelwe ku- Ikhasi le-USRTK Monsanto Papers.

NgoLwesihlanu Mashi 9 okulotshiwe

NgoLwesine Mashi 8 transcript

NgoLwesithathu Mashi 7 okulotshiwe

NgoLwesibili Mashi 6 okulotshiwe

NgoMsombuluko Mashi 5 okulotshiwe

Kubuyekezwe: 03/13/2018 12:22 by UStacy Malkan

Amavidiyo weDaubert Ukulalelwa Manje Kuthunyelwe 

INkantolo yase-US, Isifunda Esisenyakatho neCalifornia ifake yonke imidwebo yamavidiyo kaMashi 5-9 “Isonto Lezesayensi” iDaubert Hearings enkantolo yemikhawulo ye-Roundup yemikhiqizo ebhekene neMonsanto Company.

Ungathola amavidiyo lapha: http://www.uscourts.gov/cameras-courts/re-roundup-products-liability-litigation

Iwebhusayithi yenkantolo inikeza okuthakazelisayo umlando mayelana amakhamera ezinkantolo, kanye nokuqhubeka Uhlelo lokushayela izindiza ngaphansi kwalapho kwaqoshwa khona ukulalelwa kwe-glyphosate - okuwukuphela kweDaubert Hearings kuze kube manje etholakalayo yokubukwa kuwebhusayithi yenkantolo. Ukunqoba ngokusobala ngokubuka kwethu!

Lokho kusonga ukubikwa kweViki leSayensi, bhalisela iphephandaba le-USRTK ukugcina usesikhathini nophenyo lwethu nokubika.

Uma ulwazisa lolu hlobo lokubika oluzimele, sicela ucabangele ukunikela e-US Right to Know.

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