Imibhalo yaseColorado State University ocwaningweni lwe-bat pathogen

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Lokhu okuthunyelwe kuchaza imibhalo yoSolwazi baseColorado State University (CSU) uRebekah Kading noTony Schountz, i-US Right to Know eyithole esicelweni samarekhodi omphakathi. UKading noSchountz bangama-virologists abacwaninga amagciwane ahlobene nelulwane ezindaweni ezishisayo emhlabeni jikelele. Basebenzisana ne-EcoHealth Alliance, uMnyango Wezokuvikela wase-US (DoD) kanye ne-Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), uphiko lwezocwaningo nentuthuko yamasosha aseMelika.

Imibhalo inikeza amazwibela kufayela le- inkimbinkimbi yezempi-yezifundo zososayensi abafunda ukuthi bangavimbela kanjani ukugeleza kwamagciwane abangelwa ubhubhane avela kumalulwane. Imibhalo iphakamisa imibuzo mayelana nezingozi ezithathelanayo, ngokwesibonelo, zokuthunyelwa kwamalulwane namagundane atheleleke ngamagciwane ayingozi. Futhi aqukethe ezinye izinto eziphawuleka, kufaka phakathi:

  1. NgoFebhuwari 2017, abaxhumanisi beDoD boHlelo Lokusebenzisana Lokuzibandakanya Kwezinto Ezisongela Ezokuvikela kumemezela umfelandawonye omusha wamalulwane omhlaba wonke “ukwakha nokusimamisa amakhono ezwe nawesifunda ukukhiqiza ukuqonda okuthuthukile kwamalulwane nemvelo yawo ngaphansi kwesimo sezinto ezibangela ukuphepha.” Okuhambisana nalokhu, ama-imeyili show ukusebenzisana phakathi kwe-CSU, i-EcoHealth Alliance kanye ne-National Institutes of Health's Rocky Mountain Laboratories ukwakha indawo yokucwaninga amalulwane e-CSU ukukhulisa izifundo zokutheleleka ngamalulwane.
  2. Umfelandawonye wamalulwane womhlaba wonke waba yiqembu elibizwa ngeBat One Health Research Network (I-BOHRN). Ngo-2018, ososayensi abakhulu be-BOHRN babesebenza ne-DARPA kuphrojekthi ebizwa nge-PREEMPT. Amarekhodi e-CSU ku-PREEMPT kukhombisa ukuthi iRocky Mountain Laboratories, i-CSU kanye neMontana State University bakha imishanguzo "ehlukanisiwe" yokugoma ukusabalalisa kubantu bamalulwane "ukuvimbela ukuvela nokugeleza" kwamagciwane angaba ubhadane avela kumalulwane aye kubantu babantu. Inhloso yabo ukuthuthukisa “imishanguzo yokuzisabalalisa ” - okusakazeka ngokutheleleka phakathi kwamalulwane - ngethemba lokuqeda ama-pathogen ezinqolobaneni zabo zezilwane ngaphambi kokuphonswa kwabantu. Lolu cwaningo luyaphakama ukukhathazeka ngemiphumela engahlosiwe yokukhiphela obala izinhlangano ezizisakazele zofuzo, kanye nezingozi zemvelo zokuvela kwazo okungaziwa, ubudlova nokusabalala.
  3. Ukuthumela amalulwane namagundane atheleleke ngamagciwane ayingozi kudala amandla e-spillover engahlosiwe kubantu. UTony Schountz wabhala ku-EcoHealth Alliance VP uJonathan Epstein ngoMashi 30, 2020: “I-RML [Rocky Mountain Labs] ingenise inqolobane yegciwane le-Lassa ngokuthi izalelwe ekuthunjweni e-Afrika, bese kuthi inzalo ingeniswe ngqo ku-RML. Angazi noma amalulwane amahhashi angazalelwa yini ekuthunjweni, kodwa lokho kungaba yindlela yokunciphisa ukukhathazeka kwe-CDC. ” Igciwane le-Lassa isakazwa ngamagundane atholakala entshonalanga ye-Afrika. Kubanga ukugula okunamandla okubizwa nge-Lassa fever ebantwini, okuholela ekufeni okulinganiselwa ku-5,000 1 njalo ngonyaka (izinga lokufa elingu-XNUMX%).
  4. NgoFebhuwari 10, 2020, uMongameli we-EcoHealth Alliance uPeter Daszak uthumele i-imeyili ukucela abasayinela uhlaka lwe- The I-Lancet isitatimende "Ukugxeka kakhulu imibono yetulo ethi i-2019-nCoV ayinayo imvelaphi engokwemvelo." Kule imeyili, uDaszak wabhala: “UDkt. ULinda Saif, uJim Hughes, uRita Colwell, uWilliam Karesh noHume Field babhale isitatimende esilula sokweseka ososayensi, ezempilo yomphakathi kanye nabasebenzi bezokwelapha baseChina abalwa nalokhu kuqubuka (okunamathiselwe), futhi siyakumema ukuba uhlanganyele nathi njengabasayini bokuqala. ” Akazange akhulume ngokubandakanyeka kwakhe ekubhaleni isitatimende.  Ukubika kwethu kwangaphambili wabonisa lokho I-Daszak wabhala isitatimende esashicilelwa ku- I-Lancet.
  5. UTony Schountz ushintshisane ngama-imeyili nososayensi abalulekile beWuhan Institute of Virology (WIV) uPeng Zhou, uZhengli Shi noBen Hu. Ku- i-imeyili yango-Okthoba 30, 2018, USchountz uphakamise uZhengli Shi ukuthi abe “yinhlangano engahambisani nhlobo” phakathi kwe-CSU's Arthropod-borne and Infectious Disease Laboratory ne-WIV, okubandakanya “ukusebenzisana kumaphrojekthi afanele (isib. Ama-arboviruses namagciwane athwalwa ngamalulwane) nokuqeqeshwa kwabafundi.” UZhengli Shi waphendula kahle kusiphakamiso sikaSchountz. Amarekhodi awasikiseli ukuthi noma yikuphi ukusebenzisana okunjalo kwaqalwa.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe

Isixhumanisi seqoqo lonke lemibhalo yaseColorado State University singatholakala lapha: Amarekhodi e-CSU

I-US Right to Know ithumela imibhalo etholwe ngenkululeko yomphakathi yolwazi (i-FOI) yezicelo uphenyo lwethu lweBiohazards kokuthunyelwe kwethu: Imibhalo ye-FOI ngemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2, izingozi zokucwaninga ngomsebenzi kanye namalebhu e-biosafety.

Kuphephe kangakanani ama-biolabs eColorado State?

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

uhlaka isiphakamiso sezimali fnoma ukwakhiwa kwe-biolab entsha eColorado State University iphakamisa imibuzo ngokuphepha nokuvikeleka kuma-biolabs ayo akhona eFort Collins, eColorado.

Isiphakamiso sohlaka sifuna izimali ezivela ezikhungweni zikazwelonke zezempilo ukuze zithathe indawo yengqalasizinda “yokuguga” ngaphakathi kwama-CSU Isikhungo Sezifo Ezithathelwanayo Ezithwalwa Vector, phambilini ebibizwa ngeLarthropod-borne and Infectious Disease Laboratory (AIDL). Lesi sikhungo sikhulisa amakoloni ezinambuzane namalulwane ekuhlolweni kwezifo ezithathelwanayo ngamagciwane ayingozi njenge-SARS, Zika, Nipah kanye ne-Hendra virus. Ukuhlolwa kwe-Live-pathogen lapho kwenziwa ngokwengxenye ku- BSL-3 izikhungo, okungama-laboratories avalwe ngumoya anobuchwepheshe obukhethekile ukuvimbela abacwaningi ekutholeni izifo nokusabalalisa izifo.

Ababhali besiphakamiso (uTony Schountz noGreg Ebel abavela ku-CSU noJonathan Epstein, iphini likamongameli e-EcoHealth Alliance) babhala ukuthi, “izakhiwo zethu eziningi sezidlulile empilweni yazo yokusebenziseka.” Bafaka izithombe zesikhunta nesikhutha esiqongelelayo njengobufakazi bezindawo “ezilulaza ngokushesha” “ezivuzayo lapho lina.”

Lesi siphakamiso sichaza nokuthi umklamo okhona kulelebhu udinga amasampula amaseli amalulwane nezinambuzane ezinegciwane "ukuhanjiswa ezakhiweni ezahlukene ngaphambi kokusetshenziswa." Ithi ama-autoclaves akhona, abulala izinto eziyingozi, "ahlala engasebenzi kahle futhi kunokukhathazeka okufanelekile ukuthi bazoqhubeka nokwenza njalo."

Kungenzeka izinkathazo zeqiswe ngoba basekela isicelo soxhaso. Nayi ingcaphuno evela kusiphakamiso sezimali ngezithombe.

Isiphakamiso siphakamisa imibuzo eminingana: Ngabe izimpilo zabantu zisengozini kusuka kwimishini nengqalasizinda engalungile ye-AIDL? Ingabe lokhu kwehla kwamandla kwandisa amathuba okuvuza ngengozi kwamagciwane ayingozi? Ngabe zikhona ezinye izikhungo ezihambisana ne-EcoHealth Alliance emhlabeni wonke ezehliswe ngendlela efanayo futhi ezingaphephile? Ngabe izimo zazingaphephile ngendlela efanayo, ngokwesibonelo, i-Wuhan Institute of Virology exhaswa yi-EcoHealth Alliance? Leso sikhungo ikhonjwe njengomthombo ongaba khona we-SARS-CoV-2, igciwane elibangela i-Covid-19.

Amarekhodi ekomidi lezokuphepha le-CSU (IBC), etholwe ngesicelo samarekhodi womphakathi, kubonakala ngathi kuqinisa ukukhathazeka ngokuphepha kwama-biolabs e-CSU. Isibonelo, imizuzu yomhlangano kusuka ngoMeyi 2020 kukhombisa ukuthi umcwaningi we-CSU uthole ukutheleleka ngegciwane le-Zika kanye nezimpawu ngemuva kokusebenzisa omiyane abatheleleke ngokuzama. I-IBC yaphawula: "Cishe lokhu bekungukulunywa omiyane abangazange babonakale ngesikhathi sesiyaluyalu ngenxa yokuvalwa kwezinguquko ze-COVID-19."

Okuxakayo ukuthi ukwanda kocwaningo lwezifo ezithathelwanayo kwaSARS-CoV-2 kungahle kwandise ingozi yokuphelelwa yisikhathi kanye nokulimala e-CSU. Imizuzu ye-IBC zwakalisa ukusekela i- "Ukukhathazeka okuphakanyisiwe mayelana nenani elikhulu lamaphrojekthi ocwaningo abandakanya i-SARS-CoV-2 ebeke izingqinamba kuzinsizakusebenza ezinjenge-PPE, indawo yezelebhu, kanye nabasebenzi."

Uma ungathanda ukuthola izibuyekezo ezijwayelekile mayelana nophenyo lwethu lwe-biohazards, unga bhalisela iphephandaba lethu lamasonto onke lapha

I-USRTK icela i-ODNI ukuthi ichaze imibhalo ngezingozi ezenzeka emalabhulini agcina amagciwane ayingozi

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ilungelo Lokwazi I-US (USRTK) ubuzile Ihhovisi likaMqondisi Wezobunhloli Kazwelonke (i-ODNI) lokudalula imibhalo emithathu ephathelene nokushiyeka kokuvikela okwenzeka emalabhoratri agcina amagciwane ayingozi.

Isicelo esiphoqelekile sokubuyekezwa kokunciphisa (MDR) siphendula kuma-ODNI isinqumo ukugodla imibhalo emithathu ehlukanisiwe ephendula kufakwe isicelo se-Freedom of Information Act ngo-Agasti 2020.

Isicelo se-FOIA "safuna ubuhlakani obuqediwe obukhiqizwe kusukela ngoJanuwari 2015 mayelana nokukhishwa ngengozi noma ngamabomu kwama-biological agents, ukwehluleka kokutholakala ezingeni le-biosafety-level (BSL) -2, BSL-3 noma BSL-4, kanye nezinye izehlakalo zokukhathazeka ezihlobene ukusetshenziswa okubili kokucwaninga nge-biosafety ezindaweni zokucwaninga ze-BSL-2, BSL-3 noma BSL-4 eCanada, China, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Israel, Netherlands, Russia, emazweni angaphambilini eSoviet Union, South Africa , ETaiwan, e-United Kingdom naseThailand. ”

I-ODNI ithe ekuphenduleni kwayo ithole amadokhumende amathathu, futhi yanquma ukuthi lawa "kumele agodliwe ngokuphelele ngokukhishwa kwe-FOIA" maqondana nokuvikelwa kwezinto ezihlukanisiwe eziphathelene nezindlela zezobunhloli kanye nemithombo yokubaluleka kwezokuphepha kuzwelonke. I-ODNI ayichazanga noma ichaze uhlobo lwemibhalo emithathu noma okuqukethwe kwayo, ngaphandle kokuthi bebephendula isicelo se-FOIA.

Ngokwesicelo sayo se-MDR, i-USRTK icele ukuthi i-ODNI ikhiphe zonke izingxenye ezingabekiwe ezihlukanisiwe zemibhalo emithathu.

I-USRTK ikholelwa ekutheni umphakathi unelungelo lokwazi ukuthi iyiphi imininingwane ekhona ngezingozi, ukuvuza nokunye okwenzekile emalabhorethri lapho kugcinwa khona futhi kuguqulwe amagciwane angaba khona ubhubhane, nokuthi ngabe kukhona yini ukuvuza okunjalo okubandakanyekile kumsuka we-COVID-19, odale ukuthi ukufa kwabantu baseMelika abangaphezu kwama-360,000.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe

I-US Right to Know ithumela imibhalo kusuka kuzicelo zethu zamarekhodi womphakathi zokuphenywa kwethu kwama-biohazards. Bona: Imibhalo ye-FOI ngemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2, izingozi zokucwaninga ngomsebenzi kanye namalebhu e-biosafety.

Ikhasi langemuva kuphenyo lwase-US Right to Know ngemvelaphi yeSARS-CoV-2.