Ishidi Leqiniso LeDicamba

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Izindaba zakamuva: Isikhungo Sokuvikelwa Kwezemvelo e-US umemezele ngo-Okthoba 27 kuzovumela abalimi base-US ukuthi baqhubeke nokufafaza izitshalo ngomuthi we-weerkiller we-Bayer AG osetshenziswe kuma-soya kabhontshisi we-GMO kanye ne-cotton, ngaphandle komyalelo wenkantolo ovimba ukuthengisa. NgoJuni an Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yanquma ukuthi I-EPA “ibubeke eceleni kakhulu ubungozi” bababulali bokhula be-dicamba. Inqwaba yabalimi ezungeze i-US imangalela iBayer (phambilini eyayiyiMonsanto) kanye ne-BASF ngomzamo wokwenza izinkampani ziphendule ngezigidi zamahektare omonakalo wezitshalo abalimi abathi zibangelwa ukusetshenziswa kakhulu kwe-dicamba. Sithumela imibhalo yokuthola nokuhlaziywa kwezilingo ku- Ikhasi le-Dicamba Papers.

Uhlolojikelele

I-Dicamba (I-3,6-dichloro-2-methoxybenzoic acid) iyinhlangano ebanzi i-herbicide yaqala ukubhaliswa ngo-1967. I-herbicide isetshenziselwa izitshalo zezolimo, umhlaba olinywayo, amadlelo, i-turfgrass kanye ne-rangeland. IDicamba ibhaliswe futhi ekusetshenzisweni okungezona kwezolimo ezindaweni zokuhlala nakwezinye izindawo, ezinjengezinkundla zegalofu lapho isetshenziswa kakhulu ukulawula ukhula lwamaqabunga abanzi njengama-dandelions, i-chickweed, i-clover kanye ne-ivy yomhlabathi.

Imikhiqizo engaphezu kwe-1,000 XNUMX edayiswa e-United States efaka phakathi i-dicamba, ngokusho kweNational Pesticide Information Center. Indlela yokwenza kukaDicamba injenge-auxin agonist: ikhiqiza ukukhula okungalawuleki okuholela ekufeni kwezitshalo.

Ukukhathazeka Ngezemvelo 

Izinhlobo ezindala ze-dicamba zaziwa ngokushushumbisa kude nalapho zisetshenziswe khona, futhi ngokuvamile zazingasetshenziswa kabanzi phakathi nezinyanga ezikhulayo ezifudumele lapho zazingabulala khona izitshalo noma izihlahla ezazingahlosiwe.

I-Ejensi Yezokuvikelwa Kwezemvelo ivume ukubhaliswa kwamafomu amasha e-dicamba ngo-2016, kodwa-ke, ivumela ukusetshenziswa okusha kwezicelo "ezingaphezulu kweziphezulu" ezitshalweni ezikhulayo ze-dicamba ezibekezelela ukotini nezimbotyi zesoya. Ososayensi baxwayise ukuthi ukusetshenziswa okusha kuzoholela ekulimaleni kwe-dicamba drift.

Ukusetshenziswa okusha kwe-dicamba kwenzeka ngenxa yokuthuthukiswa kokumelana nokhula kabanzi emithini yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate, kubandakanya nomkhiqizo odumile weRoundup, owethulwe nguMonsanto ngawo-1970. Ngama-1990s, iMonsanto yethula izitshalo ezibekezelela i-glyphosate, yaphinde yakhuthaza abakwa-famers ukuthi basebenzise izinhlelo zabo zokutshala "Roundup Ready". Abalimi bangatshala isoya sikabhontshisi we-glyphosate obekezelela izakhi zofuzo zikaMonsanto, ummbila, ukotini nezinye izitshalo, bese befutha imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula efana ne-Roundup ngqo ngaphezulu kwezitshalo ezikhulayo ngaphandle kokubabulala. Uhlelo lwenza ukuphathwa kokhula kube lula kubalimi ngoba babekwazi ukufafaza amakhemikhali ngqo kuwo wonke amasimu abo ngenkathi yokukhula, kuqeda ukhula olwaluncintisana nezitshalo ukuthola umswakama nomsoco womhlabathi.

Ukuthandwa kohlelo lweRoundup Ready kwaholela ekwandeni kokumelana nokhula, kepha, kushiya abalimi ngezinsimu zokhula oluqinile ezazingasafi lapho zifuthwa nge-glyphosate.

Ku-2011 iMonsanto imemezele ukuthi i-glyphosate, ibikhona “Uthembele ebangeni elide ngokwako” futhi ithe ihlela ukusebenzisana neBASF nokwenza uhlelo lokutshala izitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo ezizobekezelela ukufuthwa nge-dicamba. Ithi izokwethula uhlobo olusha lwe-dicamba herbicide olungeke lukhukhuleke luqhelelene namasimu lapho lufuthwe khona.

Kusukela kwethulwa uhlelo olusha, izikhalazo ngomonakalo we-dicamba drift sezikhuphukile ezifundeni eziningana zepulazi, kufaka phakathi izikhalazo eziningi ezivela e-Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri nase-Arkansas.

Embikweni wangomhla ziyi-1 ku-Novemba 2017, i-EPA ithe ithole uphenyo olusemthethweni lokulimala kwezitshalo ezingama-2,708 (njengokusho kweminyango yezolimo). Le nhlangano ithe bekungaphezu kwamahektare ayizigidi ezingama-3.6 kabhontshisi owathinteka ngaleso sikhathi. Ezinye izitshalo ezithintekile bekungotamatisi, ikhabe, ikantaloupe, izivini, amathanga, imifino, ugwayi, izingadi zokuhlala, izihlahla nezihlahlana

NgoJulayi 2017, uMnyango Wezolimo waseMissouri wakhipha okwesikhashana i- "Stop Sale, Use or Removal Order," kuyo yonke imikhiqizo ye-dicamba eMissouri. Umbuso wasusa lesi sinqumo ngoSepthemba 2017.

Le yimikhiqizo ethile ye-dicamba:

Ngo-Okthoba 31, 2018, i-US Environmental Protection Agency (i-EPA) yamemezela ukwelulwa kokubhaliswa kwe-Engenia, XtendiMax neFeXapan ngonyaka ka-2020 ukuze kusetshenziswe “ngaphezulu” ezindaweni ezingabekezeleleki zikakotini nezimboni zesoya. I-EPA ithe ithuthukise amalebuli wangaphambilini futhi yafaka ezinye izindlela zokuvikela ngomzamo wokukhulisa impumelelo nokusetshenziswa okuphephile komkhiqizo emkhakheni.

Ukubhaliswa kweminyaka emibili kusebenza ngokusemthethweni ngoDisemba 20, 2020. I-EPA isho lezi zinhlinzeko ezilandelayo:

  • Abafakizicelo abaqinisekisiwe kuphela abangafaka i-dicamba ngaphezulu-phezulu (labo abasebenza ngaphansi kweso lomfakisicelo oqinisekisiwe bangabe besakwazi ukwenza izicelo)
  • Vimbela ukusetshenziswa okuphezulu kwe-dicamba kubhontshisi ezinsukwini ezingama-45 ngemuva kokutshala noma kuze kufike esigabeni sokukhula sika-R1 (ukuqhuma kokuqala), noma yikuphi okuza kuqala
  • Vimbela ukusetshenziswa okuphezulu kwe-dicamba kukotini ezinsukwini ezingama-60 ngemuva kokutshala
  • Okotini, nciphisa inani lezicelo ezingaphezulu kwezingu-XNUMX kuya kwezimbili
  • Kosabhontshisi, inani lezicelo ezisezingeni eliphezulu lihlala kwababili
  • Izicelo zizovunyelwa kusuka ehoreni elilodwa ngemuva kokuphuma kwelanga kuya emahoreni amabili ngaphambi kokushona kwelanga
  • Ezifundeni lapho izinhlobo zezilwane ezisengcupheni zingaba khona, isiphepho saphansi sizohlala ezinyaweni eziyi-110 futhi kuzoba ne-buffer entsha engamamitha angama-57 ezungeze ezinye izinhlangothi zensimu (i-110-foot downwind buffer isebenza kuzo zonke izinhlelo zokusebenza, hhayi kuphela ezifundeni lapho izinhlobo ezisengozini yokuphela zingaba khona)
  • Imiyalo yokuhlanza ithangi ethuthukisiwe yohlelo lonke
  • Amalebula athuthukisiwe okuthuthukisa ukuqwashisa kwabafakizicelo kumthelela we-pH ephansi ekushiseni okungenzeka kwe-dicamba
  • Ilebuli ihlanza kanye nokuvumelana ukuze kuthuthukiswe ukuhambisana nokusebenza

Inkantolo Yesicelo Sokudlulisa Amacala yase-9 

NgoJuni 3, 2020. INkantolo Yokudluliswa Kwamacala yase-US Yesekethe Lesishiyagalolunye yathi i-Environmental Protection Agency yephule umthetho ngokugunyaza ukubulala ukhula okwenziwe yi-Bayer, BASF kanye neCorteva Agrisciences. Inkantolo kuguqulwe ukugunyazwa yi-ejensi wemithi yokubulala ukhula ethandwayo esuselwa ku-dicamba eyenziwe yizigebenga ezintathu zamakhemikhali. Lesi sinqumo sikwenze kwaba semthethweni ukuthi abalimi baqhubeke nokusebenzisa lo mkhiqizo.

Kodwa i-EPA yasishaya indiva isinqumo senkantolo, yakhipha isaziso ngoJuni 8 kusho lokho Abalimi bangaqhubeka nokusebenzisa imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yezinkampani kuze kube nguJulayi 31, yize inkantolo isho ngokukhethekile ngokulandelana kwayo ukuthi ibingafuni ukubambezeleka ekuphumeni lokho kugunyazwa. Inkantolo ibalule umonakalo owenziwe ukusetshenziswa kwe-dicamba ehlobo elidlule ezigidini zamahektare ezitshalo, izivande neziza zemifino ezweni lonke lase-US.

Ngo-June 11, i-2020, abakhongi ecaleni wafaka isimangalo esiphuthumayo ukufuna ukuphoqelela umyalelo wenkantolo nokubamba i-EPA ngendelelo.

Imininingwane engaphezulu ingaba utholwe lapha.

Izinsalela Zokudla 

Njengoba nje ukutholakala kwe-glyphosate emasimini asepulazini kutholakale kushiya izinsalela ze-glyphosate kokudla okuphelile, okufana ne-oatmeal, izinkwa, okusanhlamvu, njll, izinsalela ze-dicamba kulindeleke ukuthi zishiye izinsalela ekudleni. Abalimi abakhiqiziwe kwabo kungcoliswe yizinsalela ze-dicamba nge-drift bazwakalise ukukhathazeka kwabo ngokuthi imikhiqizo yabo ingahle yenqatshwe noma ilimale ngenye indlela kwezentengiso ngenxa yenkinga yezinsalela.

I-EPA ibeke amazinga okubekezelela i-dicamba okusanhlamvu okuningana nenyama yemfuyo edla okusanhlamvu, kepha hhayi ngezithelo nemifino enhlobonhlobo. Ukubekezelelana kwe-dicamba kubhontshisi kusethwe ezingxenyeni eziyi-10 ngesigidi, ngokwesibonelo, e-United States, kanye nezingxenye ezi-2 ngesigidi sikakolweni wokusanhlamvu. Ukubekezelelana kungakwazi ubonwe lapha. 

I-EPA isikhiphile lesi sitatimende maqondana nezinsalela ze-dicamba ekudleni: "I-EPA yenze ukuhlaziywa okudingwa yi-Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) futhi yanquma ukuthi izinsalela zokudla" ziphephile "- okusho ukuthi kunesiqiniseko sokuthi akukho ukulimala kubantu, kufaka phakathi konke ukubonwa okungakhonjwa ngendlela efanelekile, kufaka phakathi izinsana nezingane, kusuka ekudleni nakwezinye izinto ezingekho emsebenzini ku-dicamba. ”

I-Cancer ne-Hypothyroidism 

I-EPA ithi i-dicamba ayinakuba yi-carcinogenic, kepha ezinye izifundo zithole ingozi eyengeziwe yomdlavuza kubasebenzisi be-dicamba.

Bona lezi zifundo maqondana nemiphumela yezempilo yomuntu ye-dicamba:

Ukusetshenziswa kwe-Dicamba kanye nesifo somdlavuza esifundweni sezempilo sezolimo: ukuhlaziywa okubuyekeziwe I-International Journal of Epidemiology (05.01.2020) “Phakathi kwabafakizicelo abangama-49 922, abangama-26 412 (52.9%) basebenzise i-dicamba. Uma kuqhathaniswa nabafakizicelo ababika ukuthi abayisebenzisi i-dicamba, labo abasengozini ephakeme kakhulu yokuchayeka babe sengozini enkulu yomdlavuza wesibindi nowangaphakathi we-intrahepatic kanye ne-lymphocytic leukemia engapheli kanye nokwehla kwengozi ye-myeloid leukemia. ”

Ukusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane kanye ne-Incident Hypothyroidism kubafakizicelo bezibulala-zinambuzane eSifundweni Sezempilo Sezolimo. Izindlela Zempilo Yezemvelo (9.26.18)
"Kuleli qoqo elikhulu labalimi abebesengozini yokutholakala nezibulala-zinambuzane, sithole ukuthi ukusetshenziswa njalo kwezinambuzane ezine ze-organochlorine (i-aldrin, i-chlordane, i-heptachlor, ne-lindane), ama-insecticide amane e-organophosphate (coumaphos, diazinon, dichlorvos, ne-malathion), kanti imithi emithathu yokubulala ukhula (i-dicamba, i-glyphosate, ne-2,4-D) yayihlotshaniswa nengozi eyengeziwe ye-hypothyroidism. ”

I-Hypothyroidism nokusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane phakathi kwabasebenzisi bezinambuzane abazimele besilisa esifundweni sezempilo sezolimo. Ijenali Yemithi Yezemvelo Emsebenzini (10.1.14)
"Imithi yokubulala ukhula i-2,4-D, i-2,4,5-T, i-2,4,5-TP, i-alachlor, i-dicamba, ne-oyela kaphethiloli konke kuhlotshaniswa nokwanda kwengozi ye-hypothyroidism"

Ukubuyekezwa kokuchayeka kwezibulala-zinambuzane kanye nezehlakalo zomdlavuza kuqoqo lezempilo leZolimo. Izindlela Zokuphila Zezemvelo (8.1.10)
“Sibuyekeze izifundo ezingama-28; iningi lezibulala-zinambuzane ezingama-32 ezihloliwe bezingahlangene kakhulu nezehlakalo zomdlavuza kubafakizicelo bezibulala-zinambuzane. Izilinganiso zokukhuphuka kwamazinga (noma izingqinamba ezingavumelani) namaphethini okuphendula okuchayeka okuhle abikwe ngemithi yokubulala izinambuzane eyi-12 okwamanje ebhaliswe eCanada kanye / noma e-United States (alachlor, aldicarb, carbaryl, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, dicamba, S-ethyl-N, N- i-dipropylthiocarbamate, imazethapyr, metolachlor, pendimethalin, permethrin, trifluralin). ”

Isigameko Somdlavuza Phakathi Kwabafaka Izicelo Zezibulala-zinambuzane Abachazwe KuDicamba Kwezempilo Yezolimo Isifundo. Izindlela Zempilo Yezemvelo (7.13.06)
“Ukuvezwa kwezinto bekungahlobene nezehlakalo zomdlavuza jikelele futhi bezingekho izinhlangano eziqinile ezinoma yiluphi uhlobo lomdlavuza. Lapho iqembu lesethenjwa lalinabafakizicelo abadalulwe kancane, sabona ukuthambekela okuhle engcupheni phakathi kwezinsuku zokuvezwa kwempilo yonke kanye nomdlavuza wamaphaphu (p = 0.02), kepha azikho izilinganiso zamaphoyinti ngamunye ezaziphakanyiswe kakhulu. Siphinde sabona ukuthambekela okuphawulekayo kwengozi ekhulayo yomdlavuza wekoloni ezinsukwini zombili zokuvezwa kwempilo kanye nezinsuku zokuphila ezinesisindo, yize le miphumela ibangelwe kakhulu yingozi ephezulu ezingeni eliphakeme lokuchayeka.

I-non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma kanye nokuvezwa okuthe ngqo kwezibulala-zinambuzane emadodeni: IsiCross-Canada Study of Pesticides and Health. I-Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers kanye nokuvimbela (11.01)
“Phakathi kokuhlanganiswa ngakunye, ekuhlaziyweni kwe-multivariate, ubungozi be-NHL bunyuswe ngokweqile ngokutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula… dicamba (OR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.00-2.81); … .Kwezinye izinhlobo zama-multivariate, ezibandakanya ukuvezwa kwamanye amakilasi amakhulu amakhemikhali noma izibulala-zinambuzane ngazinye, umdlavuza womuntu siqu owedlule, umlando womdlavuza phakathi kwezihlobo zokuqala, nokuvezwa kwezingxube eziqukethe i-dicamba (OR, 1.96; 95% CI, 1.40– 2.75)… babeyizibikezelo ezibalulekile ezizimele zengozi eyengeziwe yeNHL ”

icala 

Ukukhathazeka ngomonakalo we-dicamba kudale amacala avela kubalimi ezifundazweni eziningi zase-US. Imininingwane ngecala ingatholakala lapha.

Izibalo ziphakeme ngezilingo ezimbili zomdlavuza weRoundup eziqala phakathi kwezingxoxo zokuhlala

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Sekuyiminyaka ecishe ibe mihlanu selokhu ososayensi bomdlavuza bamazwe omhlaba bahlukanisa ikhemikhali elidumile lokubulala ukhula njenge-carcinogenic, izindaba ezidale ukuqhuma kwamacala alethwe yiziguli ezinomdlavuza ezisola lowo owayekade eyikhemikhali uMonsanto Co. ngokuhlupheka kwabo.

Abamangali abangamashumi ezinkulungwane base-US - abanye abameli ababandakanyeka enkantolo bathi ngaphezu kuka-100,000 - bathi umuthi wokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto's Roundup nabanye ababulali bokhula abasuselwa e-glyphosate kubenze baba ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kanti uMonsanto uchithe iminyaka efihla izingozi kubathengi.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zamhambela kabi uMonsanto nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG njengamajaji athukuthele unikezwe ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2.3 billion ekulimaleni kwabamangali abane. Amajaji wecala ehlise imiklomelo yamajaji yabalelwa ezigidini ezingama-190 zamadola, futhi bonke baphansi kwesikhalazo.

Izilingo ezimbili ezintsha - esisodwa eCalifornia nesinye eMissouri - manje sisezinhlelweni zokukhetha amajaji. Izitatimende zokuvula zihlelelwe uLwesihlanu ukuthi kuqulwe icala laseMissouri, eliqhubeka eSt. Ijaji kulelo cala livumela ubufakazi ukuthi bukhonjiswe kuthelevishini futhi busakazwe ngu Inethiwekhi Yokubuka Inkantolo.

Bayer ubelokhu enesifiso esikhulu sokugwema ukubonwa kwezilingo eziningi futhi aqede isaga esenze ukuthi imali yezimakethe ezinkulu zenze imali, futhi ivezwe emhlabeni Ibhuku lokudlala langaphakathi leMonsanto lokukhohlisa isayensi, abezindaba kanye nabalawuli.

Kubukeka sengathi leso siphetho singafika kungekudala.

"Lo mzamo wokuthola ukuxazululwa okuphelele kwamacala eRoundup unomfutho," kusho umlamuleli uKen Feinberg enkulumweni abe nayo. Uthe "unethemba ngokuqapha" ukuthi ukuxazululwa "kukazwelonke" kwamacala aseMelika kungenzeka phakathi nesonto noma amabili ezayo. UFeinberg waqokwa ngoMeyi odlule yiJaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria ukwenza lula inqubo yokuxazulula le nkinga.

Alukho uhlangothi olufunayo ukulinda ukubona ukuthi kudluliswa kanjani ukudluliswa kwezinqumo mayelana nezinqumo zecala, ngokusho kukaFeinberg, kanti iBayer inethemba lokuthi izokuba nezindaba ezimnandi ezizobikwa kuyo umhlangano wamasheya waminyaka yonke Ngo-Ephreli.

"Uhambisa idayisi ngalezo zikhalazo," kusho uFeinberg. "Angicabangi ukuthi ukhona umuntu ofuna ukulinda kuze kube lezo zicelo zidluliswa."

Esitatimendeni sakamuva senqubekelaphambili yokuhlala, icala elihlelelwe ukuqala ngesonto elizayo eCalifornia - uCotton v. Monsanto - lihlehlisiwe. Usuku olusha lwecala selubekelwe uJulayi.

Futhi ngoLwesibili, Chhabria ukhiphe umyalelo oqinile ukukhumbuza izinhlangothi zombili ngesidingo semfihlo njengoba izingxoxo zokuxazulula zisaqhubeka.

"Ngokwesicelo somlamuleli, amaqembu ayakhunjuzwa ukuthi izingxoxo zokuxazululwa… ziyimfihlo nokuthi iNkantolo ngeke inanaze ukuphoqelela ukugcinwa kwemfihlo ngokujeziswa uma kunesidingo," kubhala uChhabria.

Izinombolo zama- $ 8 billion- $ 10 billion ziye zantanta emithonjeni yamacala, yize uFeinberg ethe ngeke "aqinisekise lelo nani." Abanye abahlaziyi bathi ngisho ne- $ 8 billion kungaba nzima ukuthethelela abatshalizimali beBayer, futhi balindele inani eliphansi kakhulu lokukhokha.

Izinkampani zabammeli zabammangali ezahola leli cala ezweni lonke zivumile ukukhansela noma ukuhlehlisa ukuvivinywa okuningi, okubandakanya okubili okubandakanya izingane ezisencane ezinomdlavuza, njengengxenye yezingxoxo zokukhokha. Kepha njengoba behlehla emuva, amanye amafemu agijimayo abelokhu egijimisa ukusayina abamangali abasha, into eyenza kube nzima izingxoxo zokuhlala ngokukhipha izinkokhelo zomuntu ngamunye.

Izingxoxo ziphinde zaba nzima ukuthi omunye wabaholi abaphambili be-Roundup - ummeli waseVirginia uMike Miller, ongumakadebona ekuthatheni izinkampani ezinkulu enkantolo - kuze kube manje wenqabile ukuhlehlisa ukuqulwa kwamacala, ngokusobala enciphisa ukunikezwa kokukhokhelwa. Inkampani kaMiller imele izinkulungwane zabamangali futhi inikeza izeluleko eziholayo kulezi zilingo ezimbili eziqhubekayo manje.

IMiller Firm ibe yingxenye ebucayi yeqembu ebiphinde ibandakanye nefemu iBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman yaseLos Angeles eyemba amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto ngokutholwa, kusetshenziswa ubufakazi ukufeza ukunqoba kwecala ezintathu Lawo marekhodi abhebhezela impikiswano yomhlaba wonke mayelana nokuphepha kwe-Roundup, ekhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto yawafaka kanjani amaphepha esayensi abonakala ngokungeyikho ukuthi adalwa kuphela ososayensi abazimele; wasebenzisa abantu besithathu ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi ababika ingozi nge-glyphosate herbicides; futhi ibambisene nezikhulu ze-Environmental Protection Agency ukuvikela isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuthi imikhiqizo yayo ayibanga umdlavuza.

Amanye amaklayenti kaMiller ayamjabulisa, enethemba lokuthi ngokubamba uMiller angakhokha inkokhelo enkulu yezicelo zomdlavuza. Abanye besaba ukuthi angahlasela amathuba okuthola indawo enkulu yokuhlala, ikakhulukazi uma inkampani yakhe ilahlekelwa esinye sezilingo ezintsha.

UFeinberg uthe akucaci ukuthi kungatholakala isinqumo esibanzi ngaphandle kukaMiller.

"UMike Miller ungummeli omuhle kakhulu," kusho uFeinberg. Uthe uMiller wayefuna lokho acabanga ukuthi kuyisinxephezelo esifanele.

UFeinberg uthe miningi imininingwane okumele ilungiswe, okubandakanya nokuthi imali izokwabiwa kanjani kubamangali.

Ukulandelwa komhlaba wonke kwezintatheli, abathengi, ososayensi kanye nabatshalizimali babheke intuthuko eduze, balindele umphumela ongaba nomthelela wokunyakaza emazweni amaningi ukuvimbela noma ukuvimbela imikhiqizo ye-glyphosate herbicide.

Kepha labo abathinteke kakhulu yizisulu ezingenakubalwa zomdlavuza kanye namalungu emindeni yabo abakholelwa ukuthi ukubeka phambili phambili kwezinkampani kwenzuzo ngaphezu kwezempilo yomphakathi kumele kubhekelwe kubo.

Yize abanye abamangali belaphe ngempumelelo umdlavuza wabo, abanye bafe besalinde ukuxazululwa, kanti abanye bagula kakhulu njengoba usuku ngalunye ludlula.

Imali yokuhlala ayilaphi muntu noma ibuyise umuntu omthandayo osephasile. Kepha kungasiza abanye ukukhokha izikweletu zokwelashwa, noma ukumboza izindleko zasekolishi zezingane ezilahlekelwe umzali, noma kuvumele nje impilo elula phakathi kobuhlungu obulethwa umdlavuza.

Kungaba ngcono kakhulu uma besingadingi ukumangalelwa ngobuningi, amaqembu abameli neminyaka enkantolo ukufuna izinkokhelo zokulimala okubangelwa yimikhiqizo eyimakethe eyingozi noma ekhohlisayo. Kungaba ngcono kakhulu ukuba nohlelo lokulawula oluqinile oluvikela impilo yomphakathi nemithetho ejezisa ukukhohliswa kwezinkampani.

Kungaba ngcono kakhulu ukube besihlala ezweni lapho ubulungiswa bebutholakala kalula khona. Kuze kube yileso sikhathi, siyabuka futhi silinde futhi sifunde emacaleni afana necala le-Roundup. Futhi sithemba okungcono.

Izilingo eziyisithupha zeMonsanto Roundup Cancer Zibekelwe uJanuwari

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ngemuva kwezinyanga ezimbalwa zisematheni, abameli bezinhlangothi zombili zamacala omdlavuza weRoundup ezweni lonke balungiselela izilingo ezigqagqene onyakeni omusha njengoba ezinye iziguli ezinomdlavuza eziningi zifuna ukusola iMonsanto ngezifo zazo.

Izilingo eziyisithupha njengamanje okumelwe kwenzeke ukuqala ngoJanuwari, elilodwa ngoFebhuwari, amabili ngoMashi nezilingo ezengeziwe zihlelelwe cishe njalo ngenyanga kusukela ngo-Ephreli kuya ku-Okthoba 2021. Izinkulungwane zabamangali abengeziwe basasebenza ukuthola izinsuku zokuqulwa kwamacala abo.

Abamangali ezivivinyweni ezizayo zikaJanuwari bafaka izingane ezimbili abashaywe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma okusolakala ukuthi ngemuva kokuvezwa kaningi emithini yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto besebancane kakhulu. Okunye okuzobanjelwa uJanuwari ukuqulwa kwecala lowesifazane ogama lakhe USharlean Gordon oseke wahlaselwa umdlavuza wakhe izikhathi eziningana. Elinye icala lizokwethula izimangalo zabamangali abahlanu abathi ukubulala ukhula kukaMonsanto kubangele umdlavuza wabo.

Ngokuphawulekile, izivivinyo ezimbili ngoJanuwari zizokwenzeka endaweni yaseSt. Louis, eMissouri - lapho iMonsanto yayinendlunkulu amashumi eminyaka ngaphambi kokutholwa kwayo ngoJuni 2018 yiBayer AG yaseJalimane. Lezo zivivinyo ezimbili zizoba ezokuqala ukuya ngaphambi kwamajaji edolobheni lasekhaya laseMonsanto. Icala likaGordon kwakumele liqale ukuqulwa kwamacala kuleya ndawo ngo-Agasti odlule kodwa lahlehliswa, njengoba nabanye babebekelwe isigamu sesibili sonyaka wezi-2019, njengoba abameli bakaBayer nabamangali beqala izingxoxo zokuxazulula le nkinga.

Kusengenzeka ukuthi uhlobo oluthile lokuxazulula - oluqondene necala ngalinye, noma olukhulu - lungenzeka ngaphambi kukaJanuwari, kepha abameli ezinhlangothini zombili balungiselela uhlelo olunikeza izinselelo eziningi zokuhleleka. Isivivinyo ngasinye kulindeleke ukuthi sithathe amasonto ambalwa, hhayi nje kuphela ukuthi abanye abameli bayabandakanyeka emacaleni okuzama ngamashejuli okulingwa agqagqene, kepha iqembu elincane lofakazi abangochwepheshe abazobe befakaza emacaleni amaningi enzeka ngasikhathi sinye.

Izilingo ezintathu zenzekile kuze kube manje enkantolo yamacala amakhulu, aqala ngo-2015 ngemuva kokuthi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ihlukanise ikhemikhali elibizwa ngokuthi i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu engahle ibe nenhlangano ethile ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Kusukela ngama-1970s, i-glyphosate ibilokhu iyisithako esisebenzayo eMonsanto esibizwa ngama-herbicides, futhi njengamanje sithathwa njengesiyeza esibulala ukhula esisetshenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni.

Abameli babamangali bathi ukuqoqwa kwamacala njengamanje kumelela izimangalo ezinamandla kakhulu zomonakalo kunezilingo ezintathu ezedlule. "Lawa amacala aqinile," kusho ummeli u-Aimee Wagstaff, omele uGordon. NgoMashi, iklayenti lakwaWagstaff u-Edwin Hardeman uwine i- Isinqumo samajaji ayi- $ 80 million ovela kwijaji laseSan Francisco ecaleni lakhe elibhekene neMonsanto.

Ngecala likaGordon, uWagstaff usebize lowo owayenguSihlalo weMonsanto uHugh Grant ukuthi azofakaza bukhoma ecaleni. UGrant kuze kube manje ufakaze ngokudiphozitha kuphela futhi bekungadingeki ukuthi afakaze phambi kwejaji; futhi abanabo abanye abaphathi abasezingeni eliphezulu beMonsanto ngoba izilingo zabanjwa eCalifornia. Kepha ngokuqulwa kwecala eSt. Louis, abameli babamangali banethemba lokuthola ososayensi nabaphathi beMonsanto endaweni yokumangalelwa imibuzo. Abameli bakaGrant bakuphikisile ukumenza avele mathupha, kanti izinhlangothi zombili zilinde isinqumo ngalolo daba.

Esivivinyweni sakamuva kakhulu esizokwenzeka, ijaji e-Oakland, eCalifornia iyalile iMonsanto ukukhokha ngaphezu kuka- $ 2 billion kumonakalo ku-Alberta no-Alva Pilliod, umbhangqwana oshadile bobabili abahlupheka yi-NHL abasola ngokuvezwa yiRoundup. Icala lokuqala laphela ngo-Agasti 2018 lapho amajaji enkantolo yezwe eSan Francisco eyala iMonsanto ukukhokha u- $ 289 million  ekulimaleni komgcini wezinkundla zesikole uDewayne “Lee” Johnson, otholakale enohlobo lokufa lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Amajaji kuwo womathathu lawa macala anqume ukuthi imiklomelo ibiningi futhi yehlisa inani lomonakalo, yize izinqumo okwamanje zidlulisiwe.

Abantu abangaphezu kwe-42,000 e-United States manje sebemangalele uMonsanto bethi i-Roundup namanye ama-herbicides eMonsanto abangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Amacala asolwa ngokuthi inkampani ibizazi kahle izingozi iminyaka eminingi kodwa ayenzanga lutho ukuxwayisa abathengi, isebenza esikhundleni sokukhohlisa irekhodi lesayensi ukuvikela ukuthengiswa kwezinkampani.

KUVUSELELWE - Isivivinyo saseSt. Louis mayelana nezimangalo zeMonsanto Roundup Cancer eLimbo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

(UPDATE) - NgoSepthemba 12, iNkantolo Ephakeme YaseMissouri yavala leli cala, yavumelana nabameli babamangali ukuthi isicelo sikaMonsanto sokuthi inkantolo ephakeme ithathe udaba lwendawo sasiyisidina. Ijaji leNkantolo Yesifunda saseSt. Louis uMichael Mullen wabe esedlulisa bonke abamangali ngaphandle kukaWinston baya eSt Umyalelo kaSepthemba 13.)

Icala lika-Okthoba lokushaya iqembu leziguli ezinomdlavuza ngokumelene neMonsanto esifundeni senkampani esasiyikhaya laseMissouri lifakwe engozini yezenzo ezixakile ezisongela ukulihlehlisa unomphela leli cala.

Ukufakwa okusha kwenkantolo kukhombisa ukuthi abameli bezinhlangothi zombili zikaWalter Winston, et al v. UMonsanto bebelokhu bezibandakanya ochungechungeni lwezinyathelo zamasu okungenzeka manje zibabuyisela emuva kuze kufike usuku lokuqulwa kwecala lango-Okthoba 15 kusethwe ngu Ijaji Lenkantolo Yesifunda iSt. Louis Michael Mullen. Abameli babamangali abali-14 ababizwe ecaleni likaWinston bebelokhu befuna ukugcina udaba lwabo lusendleleni ukuze bakwazi ukwethula izimangalo ezivela kulabo abahlaselwa ngumdlavuza kwijaji laseSt. Louis ngenyanga ezayo. Kepha abameli beMonsanto bebelokhu ukusebenza ukubambezeleka ukuqulwa kwecala nokuphazamisa ukuhlanganiswa kwabamangali.

Icala likaWinston, elifakwe ngoMashi ka-2018, lizoba ngecala lokuqala ukwenzeka endaweni yaseSt. Ngaphambi kokuthengisa enkampanini yaseJalimane iBayer AG ngonyaka odlule, iMonsanto yayizinze edolobhaneni laseCreve Coeur futhi yayingomunye wabaqashi abakhulu baseSt. Izilingo zomdlavuza weRoundup ezazisethelwe indawo yaseSt. Louis ngo-Agasti nangoSepthemba zombili sezibambezelekile kuze kube unyaka ozayo.

Abamangali ecaleni likaWinston baphakathi kwabantu abangaphezu kwe-18,000 e-United States abamangalela uMonsanto bethi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esekwe enkampanini ye-glyphosate kubangele ukuthi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi iMonsanto ifihle izingozi ezihambisana nababulali bayo bokhula.

Ukuya phambili nangaphambili kokulwa ukuthi ukuqulwa kwecala likaWinston kungenzeka noma kungenzeki nini kwaqala ngaphezu konyaka odlule futhi akubanga nje kuphela nenkantolo yendawo yaseSt. Louis kodwa nenkantolo yokudlulisa amacala eMissouri neNkantolo Ephakeme Yombuso.

NgoMashi walo nyaka iMonsanto wafaka intshukumo ukuhlukanisa nokudlulisa abamangali abayi-13 kwabangu-14 ecaleni likaWinston besuka eNkantolo yaseSt. Louis City bayise eNkantolo yesiFunda yaseSt. Louis, lapho kwakukhona khona inkampani ebhalisiwe yenkampani nalapho “indawo efanelekile.” Isiphakamiso senqatshiwe. Le nkampani ifake isicelo esifanayo ngo-2018 kodwa nayo yenqatshwa.

Abameli babamangali bakuphikisile ukuhlukaniswa nokudluliswa okunjalo ekuqaleni konyaka, kepha manje sebesishintshile leso simo ngoba phakathi nakho konke lokhu kuhamba, uMonsanto ubelokhu efuna ukungenelela yiNkantolo Ephakeme YaseMissouri. Inkantolo ephakeme yombuso ubuse ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka ecaleni elingahlobene nokuthi bekungafanele ukuthi abamangali abangaphandle kweSt. Louis City bajoyine amacala abo kumhlali wedolobha ukuze bathole indawo eSt. Inkantolo yaseSt kade kubhekwe indawo evumayo yabamangali ezenzweni zobuningi

Isicelo sikaMonsanto sokungenelela yiNkantolo Ephakeme YaseMissouri savuzwa ngoSepthemba 3 ngenkathi iNkantolo Ephakeme ikhipha “Incwadi yokuqala yokwenqatshelwa”Evumela icala ngalinye likaWalter Winston ukuba" liqhubeke njengoba kuhlelwe "eNkantolo Yesifunda YaseSt. Kepha inkantolo ithe amacala abanye abamangali abayi-13 abajoyine icala likaWinston abengeke aqhubeke ngalesi sikhathi njengoba ibheka ukuthi la macala azowaphatha kanjani. Inkantolo yayalela ukuba kubanjwe noma yini enye iNkantolo YaseSt. Louis City, “kuze kube iyakhishwa le Nkantolo.”

Besaba ukuthi icala labo lizohlukaniswa phakathi noma / noma libambezeleke ukulinda isinqumo seNkantolo Ephakeme endaweni, abameli babamangali ngoSepthemba 4 bathi ukuhoxisa ukuphikisa kwabo esicelweni sikaMonsanto sokudluliselwa kwecala eSt.

Kepha manje uMonsanto akasafuni ukuthi icala lidluliswe ngenxa yesenzo seNkantolo Ephakeme. Ekufayilini Ngesonto eledlule le nkampani ithe: “Abamangali babelwela ukubamba indawo ngawo wonke amathuba, esikhundleni sokuvuma ukudlulisela izimangalo zabo eSt. Louis County nokufuna ukuqulwa kwecala kuleyo Nkantolo kudala. Ukuzuzisa abamangali bakaWinston ngalolu khetho kuzokhuthaza ukuqhubeka komdlalo. ”

NgoMsombuluko, abameli babamangali wafaka impendulo bethi abamangali baseWinston kufanele badluliselwe eSt. Louis County njengoba iMonsanto yayicelile phambilini futhi lokho kungenza udaba lwendawo ngaphambi kwenkantolo. Bona futhi baphikisanad ukuthi ijaji laseSt. Louis City ebeliphethe leli cala likaWinston kufanele liqhubeke nokusingatha leli cala ngaphakathi kohlelo lwenkantolo yesifunda.

“Ngokuhoxiswa kokuphikisana kwabo nesiphakamiso sikaMonsanto, abamangali bavumile ukukhululeka okukhulu izicelo zeMonsanto zale Nkantolo - ukudluliselwa kwabamangali baseWinston eSt. Louis County,” kusho abafaka izicelo zabamangali. “Icala labamangali baseWinston selilungele ukuqulwa kwecala lakhe. Uma leli cala lidluliselwa eSt. Louis County ngesikhathi esifushane, abamangali bangaqala ukuqulwa kwecala noma bavale uhlelo olukhona njengamanje. ”

Ukuthi ukuqulwa kwecala kusazokwenzeka phakathi no-Okthoba eSt. Louis kusengumbuzo ovulekile.

Up Next - Isivivinyo Esisedolobheni Lakubo LaseMonsanto Ngo-Agasti Ngemuva Kokugwetshwa Komdlavuza ongu- $ 2 Billion

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ngemuva kokulahlekelwa yinkantolo kathathu eCarlifonia, impi esemthethweni ephathelene nokuphepha kwe-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto ibhekiswe edolobheni lenkampani, lapho izikhulu zezinkampani zingaphoqeleka ukuba zivele etafuleni lofakazi, kanti ukulandelwa komthetho kukhombisa umlando wokuphikisana- izahlulelo zenkampani.

USharlean Gordon, owesifazane ophethwe umdlavuza osevile eminyakeni engu-50, ungummangali olandelayo njengamanje obhekene necala.  UGordon v. Monsanto iqala ngo-Agasti 19 eSt. Louis County Circuit Court, ebangeni nje elingamakhilomitha ambalwa ukusuka eSt. Louis, eMissouri-campus campus eyayiyikomkhulu lesikhathi eside lenkampani kuze kube yilapho iBayer ithenga iMonsanto ngoJuni odlule. Leli cala lafakwa ngoJulayi 2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezu kwama-75 kanti uGordon ungowokuqala walelo qembu ukuya enkantolo.

Ngokwesikhalazo, uGordon wathenga futhi wasebenzisa i-Roundup okungenani iminyaka eyi-15 eqhubekayo cishe ngo-2017 futhi watholakala enohlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngo-2006. UGordon udlule ekufakweni kwezitofu ezimbili futhi wachitha unyaka ekhaya labadala iphuzu elilodwa ekwelashweni kwakhe. Ukhubazeke kakhulu kangangokuba kunzima kuye ukuthi ahambe.

Icala lakhe, njengalezo zezinkulungwane zabanye abazungeze i-United States, lisola ukusetshenziswa kwe-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides kwamenza waba ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

"Usedlule esihogweni," kusho ummeli waseSt. Louis u-Eric Holland, elinye lamalungu eqembu labameli abamele uGordon. “Ulimale kabi. Isibalo sabantu lapha sikhulu kakhulu. Ngicabanga ukuthi uSharlean uzobeka ngqo lokho okwenziwe nguMonsanto kubantu. ”

UGordon uthe into enzima kakhulu ngokulungiselela ukuqulwa kwecala ukuthola ukuthi yibuphi ubufakazi obuzokwethulwa kumajaji esikhathini esingamasonto amathathu ijaji elisibekele ukuqulwa kwecala.

"Lobu bufakazi obumelene nabo, nokuziphatha kwabo, kubi kakhulu engikubonile eminyakeni engu-30 ngenza lokhu," kusho uHolland. "Izinto eziqhubeke lapha, ngifuna amajaji aseSt. Louis ezwe lokhu."

Ukuthethwa kwecala likaGordon kuzolandelwa ukuqulwa kwecala langoSepthemba 9 nako eSt. Louis County ecaleni elilethwe ngabamangali UMaurice Cohen noBurrell Lamb.

Izimpande ezijulile zeMonsanto emphakathini, kufaka phakathi isisekelo esikhulu sokuqashwa kanye neminikelo yokupha enomusa kuyo yonke le ndawo, ingavuna amathuba ayo ngamajaji endawo. Kepha ohlangothini lwe-flip, iSt kuthathwa njengemibuthano esemthethweni njengenye yezindawo ezinhle kakhulu zabamangali zokuletha amacala ezinkampanini futhi kunomlando omude wezinqumo ezinkulu ezibhekiswe ezinkampanini ezinkulu. I-St. Louis City Court ibhekwa njengeyintandokazi kunazo zonke kepha iSt. Louis County nayo iyafunwa ngabameli babamangali.

Ukusondela kwecala lika-Agasti nangoSepthemba kuza ngemuva kwesinqumo esimangazayo esingu- $ 2 billion esikhishwe ngoMonsanto ngoMeyi 13. Kuleso simo, ijaji e-Oakland, eCalifornia linikeze umbhangqwana oshadile u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, bobabili abaphethwe umdlavuza, $ 55 million ekulimaleni okubuyiselwayo kanye ne- $ 1 billion lilinye ekulimaleni kwesijeziso. Ijaji lithole ukuthi iMonsanto isichithe iminyaka ifaka ubufakazi bokuthi i-herbicide yayo ibangela umdlavuza.

Leso sinqumo safika isikhathi esingaphezu kwenyanga nje ngemuva kokuthi ijaji laseSan Francisco liyalele uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhe amadola ayizigidi ezingama- $ 80 ku-Edwin Hardeman, naye owathuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup. Ehlobo eledlule, ijaji layalela uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhe u- $ 289 million kumgcini magceke uDewayne “Lee” Johnson owathola ukuxilongwa komdlavuza ngemuva kokusebenzisa ukubulala ukhula eMonsanto emsebenzini wakhe.

U-Aimee Wagstaff, nowayengummeli ophethe ngokubambisana kuHardeman, kulindeleke ukuthi aqale icala likaGordon eSt. UWagstaff uthe uhlela ukubiza ososayensi abaningana beMonsanto ukuze bavele endaweni yamafakazi ukuze baphendule imibuzo phambi kwejaji. Yena nabanye abameli abazama amacala aseCalifornia abakwazanga ukuphoqa abasebenzi baseMonsanto ukuthi bafakaze bukhoma ngenxa yebanga.

UMHLANGANO WOKUDLULISELA MAY 22

Ukulahleka kwecala kushiye iMonsanto nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG bevinjezelwe. Abatshalizimali abathukuthele bacindezele amanani amasheya emazingeni aphansi cishe eminyakeni eyisikhombisa, esula amaphesenti angaphezu kwe-40 yenani lemakethe likaBayer. Futhi abanye abatshalizimali bafuna ukuthi umphathi weBayer uWerner Baumann axoshwe ngenxa yokulwela ukutholwa kweMonsanto, eyavalwa ngoJuni wonyaka odlule njengoba icala lokuqala laliqhubeka.

Bayer ugcina ukuthi abukho ubufakazi obuvumelekile bokuthi umdlavuza ubangelwe yimithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto, futhi uthi ukholelwa ukuthi uzophumelela uma kudluliswa icala. Kepha ijaji lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria iyale iBayer ukuqala izingxoxo zokulamula okuhloswe ngazo ukuxazulula inqwaba yamacala enkantolo ahlanganisa abamangali ababalelwa ku-13,400 e-United States kuphela. Bonke abamangali bayizisulu zomdlavuza noma amalungu emindeni yabo futhi bonke basola ukuthi iMonsanto ibandakanyeka ezinhlobonhlobo zamasu akhohlisayo okufihla izingozi zemithi yokubulala ukhula, kufaka phakathi ukusebenzisa irekhodi lesayensi ngezifundo ezibhalwe ngemimoya, ukusebenzisana nabalawuli, nokusebenzisa abantu abangaphandle nezinhlangano ukukhuthaza ukuphepha kwemikhiqizo yayo kuyilapho kuqinisekiswa ukuthi kubonakale ngamanga ukuthi bezimele ngaphandle kwenkampani.

Ukulalelwa kukaMeyi 22 kubanjwa ngokwengxenye ukuchaza imininingwane yenqubo yokulamula. Bayer kukhombisile ukuthi izothobela lo myalo, kepha kungenzeka ingakakulungeli ukucubungula ukuxazululwa kwamacala yize kulahlekile enkantolo.

Khonamanjalo, amacala aqala e-United States eqe umngcele aya eCanada lapho umlimi waseSaskatchewan ehola khona icala lesenzo sesigaba ngokumelene neBayer neMonsanto benza izinsolo ezibonisa labo abasenkantolo yase-US.

“INDlovukazi YOKUQALA”

U-Elaine Stevick wasePetaluma, eCalifornia kwakufanele abe ngowalandelayo abazothatha iMonsanto uma kuqulwa icala. Kepha ngokomyalelo wakhe wokulamula, iJaji uChhabria uphinde washiya usuku lokuqulwa kwecala lakhe ngoMeyi 20. Usuku olusha lokuqulwa kwecala kuzobhungwa ngalo ekulalelweni kwamacala ngoLwesithathu.

UStevick nomyeni wakhe uChristopher Stevick wamangalela uMonsanto ngo-Ephreli ka-2016 futhi basho engxoxweni ukuthi balangazelele ukuthola ithuba labo lokubhekana nale nkampani ngomonakalo omkhulu abathi ukusetshenziswa kuka-Elaine ngeRoundup sekuwenzile empilweni yakhe. Watholakala ngoDisemba 2014 eneminyaka engama-63 enezicubu eziningi zobuchopho ngenxa yohlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma olubizwa nge-central nervous system lymphoma (CNSL). U-Alberta Pilliod, osanda kuwina isivivinyo sakamuva kakhulu, ubuye waba nesimila ebuchosheni be-CNSL.

Lezi zithandani zathenga ikhaya elidala laseVictoria kanye nempahla ekhule ngokweqile ngo-1990 kanti ngenkathi uChristopher esebenza ekulungiseni ingaphakathi lendlu, umsebenzi ka-Elaine kwakuwukufafaza umbulali wokhula phezu kokhula no-anyanisi wasendle abashadikazi abathi bathatha ingxenye enhle yale ndawo. Wafutha kaningi ngonyaka waze watholakala enomdlavuza. Akazange afake amagilavu ​​noma ezinye izingubo zokuzivikela ngoba wayekholelwa ukuthi iphephe njengokukhangiswa, esho.

UStevick okwamanje uxolile kodwa ucishe wafa ngesikhathi esisodwa ekwelashweni kwakhe, kusho uChristopher Stevick.

"Ngangimbiza ngokuthi 'indlovukazi yaseRoundup' ngoba wayehlala ehamba efutha izinto," esho.

Lo mbhangqwana uhambele izingxenye zombili zokulingwa kukaPilliod noHardeman, futhi uthe bayabonga iqiniso ngezenzo zikaMonsanto zokufihla ubungozi obuzobonakala emphakathini. Futhi bafuna ukubona iBayer neMonsanto beqala ukuxwayisa abasebenzisi ngezingozi zomdlavuza zeRoundup namanye ama-herbicides asuselwa e-glyphosate.

"Sifuna ukuthi izinkampani zibhekane nokuxwayisa abantu - noma ngabe kukhona ithuba lokuthi okuthile kungaba yingozi noma kube yingozi kubo, kufanele abantu baxwayiswe," kusho u-Elaine Stevick.

(Ishicilelwe kuqala ku- Izindaba Zempilo Yezemvelo)

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