Ukufa nokuhlala njengoba iBayer iqhubeka nokuzama ukuqeda amacala we-Roundup

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ezinyangeni eziyisikhombisa ngemuva kweBayer AG umemezele izinhlelo ngokuxazululwa kokushonelwa kwamacala omdlavuza we-US Roundup, umnikazi waseJalimane weMonsanto Co uyaqhubeka nokusebenza ukuxazulula amashumi ezinkulungwane zezimangalo ezilethwe abantu abaphethwe umdlavuza abathi zibangelwe yimikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto. NgoLwesithathu, elinye icala livele lathola ukuvalwa, yize ummangali angiphilelanga ukukubona.

Abameli bakaJaime Alvarez Calderon, bavumelane ekuqaleni kwaleli sonto ngesinqumo esanikezwa yiBayer ngemuva kweJaji Lesifunda saseMelika uVince Chhabria ngoMsombuluko inqatshelwe isahlulelo esifingqiwe ngokuthanda iMonsanto, ukuvumela icala ukuthi lisondele ecaleni.

Isivumelwano sizoya emadodaneni amane ka-Alvarez ngoba ubaba wabo oneminyaka engu-65, osebenza isikhathi eside esebenzela iwayini eNapa County, California, ushone nje esikhathini esingaphezu konyaka esedlule kusuka kwi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma usola umsebenzi wakhe wokufafaza i-Roundup ezungeze impahla ye-winery iminyaka.

Ekulalelweni kwenkantolo ngoLwesithathu, ummeli womndeni wakwa-Alvarez uDavid Diamond utshele iJaji uChhabria ukuthi lesi sinqumo sizolivala leli cala.

Ngemuva kokuqulwa kwecala, uDiamond wathi u-Alvarez usebenze e-winery iminyaka engama-33, esebenzisa isifutho sasebhakeni ukufaka isicelo sikaMonsanto kusekelwe ku-glyphosate ukubulala ukhula kuma-acreage asakazekayo eqembu le-Sutter Home lamawayini. Wayevame ukuya ekhaya kusihlwa nezingubo ezimanzi ngomuthi wokubulala ukhula ngenxa yokuvuza kwemishini kanye nombulali wokhula okhukhuleka emoyeni. Watholwa ngo-2014 ene-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, elashwa kaningi ngamakhemikhali nezinye izindlela zokwelashwa ngaphambi kokushona ngoDisemba 2019.

UDiamond uthe ujabule ngokuxazulula leli cala kodwa unamacala angama-Roundup "angu-400 plus" amanye angakalungiswa.

Akayedwa. Okungenani uhhafu weshumi namanye amafemu wezomthetho wase-US anabamangali baseRoundup abafuna izilungiselelo zesilingo zango-2021 nangaphezulu.

Kusukela ukuthenga iMonsanto ku-2018, iBayer ibilokhu ilwela ukuthola ukuthi ungayenza kanjani kuqedwe ukuqulwa kwamacala lokho kufaka abamangali abangaphezu kuka-100,000 XNUMX e-United States. Le nkampani ilahlekelwe yizo zonke izivivinyo ezintathu ebezibanjelwe kuze kube yimanje futhi ilahlekelwe yizikhalazo zokuqala ezifuna ukuguqula ukulahleka kwecala. Amajaji kwesinye nesinye sezivivinyo athola leyo kaMonsanto ukhula lwe-glyphosate-based kubangela umdlavuza nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

Ngaphezu kwemizamo yokuxazulula izimangalo ezisalindile njengamanje, iBayer inethemba lokuthi izokwakha indlela yokuxazulula izimangalo ezingaba khona ezingabhekana nazo kubasebenzisi beRoundup abathuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngokuzayo. Uhlelo lwayo lokuqala lokusingatha amacala esikhathi esizayo yenqatshwa nguJaji Chhabria futhi inkampani ayikamemezeli uhlelo olusha.

Isimemo sikaBayer sokuxazulula izimangalo zomdlavuza wase-US Roundup ziyaqhubeka

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Umnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG wenza inqubekela phambili ekuxazululeni izinkulungwane zamacala aseMelika alethwe ngabantu abathi bona noma abathandekayo babo baba nomdlavuza ngemuva kokuchayeka emithini yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto's Roundup.

Izincwadi zakamuva ezivela kubameli babamangali eziya kumakhasimende abo zigcizelele leyo nqubekelaphambili, eqinisekisa ukuthi iningi labamangali likhetha ukubamba iqhaza kulesi sikhokhelo, yize kunezikhalazo zabamangali abaningi zokuthi babhekene neziphakamiso zokukhokha ezincane ezingafanele.

Kwezinye izibalo, ukukhokhiswa okujwayelekile kuzoshiya isinxephezelo esincane, mhlawumbe izinkulungwane ezimbalwa zamaRandi, kubamangali ngabanye ngemuva kokukhokhwa kwemali yabameli kanye nezindleko ezithile zezokwelapha ezibuyiswayo.

Yize kunjalo, ngokwencwadi ethunyelwe kwabamangali ngasekupheleni kukaNovemba ngenye yamafemu abameli abahamba phambili enkantolo, ngaphezu kwamaphesenti angama-95 "wabamangali abafanelekile" banquma ukubamba iqhaza ohlelweni lokuxazulula okuxoxiswene ngalo nenkampani neBayer. “Umphathi wezindawo zokuhlala” manje unezinsuku ezingama-30 zokubuyekeza amacala bese eqinisekisa ukufaneleka kwabamangali ukuthola izimali zokuhlala, ngokusho kwezincwadi.

Abantu bangakhetha ukuphuma kuleso sivumelwano bese befaka izicelo zabo ekulamuleni, kulandelwe ukulamula okuyisibopho uma befisa noma bezama ukuthola ummeli omusha ozoqula icala labo. Labo bamangali bangaba nesikhathi esinzima sokuthola ummeli ozobasiza bathathe udaba lwabo baluse enkantolo ngoba amafemu abameli avumelana nokuxazululwa kweBayer avumile ukuthi angazami amanye amacala noma asize ekulingweni okuzayo.

Omunye ummangali, ocele ukungadalulwa ngegama ngenxa yobumfihlo bezinqubo zokukhokha, uthe uyaphuma kuleso sinqumo ngethemba lokuthola imali ethe xaxa ngokulamula noma ngecala elizayo. Uthe udinga ukuhlolwa okuqhubekayo nokwelashwa komdlavuza wakhe kanti nohlaka oluhlongozwayo lokuhlalisa abantu ngeke lumshiye ngalutho ukukhokhela lezo zindleko eziqhubekayo.

"IBayer ifuna ukukhululwa ngokukhokha imali encane ngangokunokwenzeka ngaphandle kokuya ecaleni," esho.

Ukulinganiselwa okulinganiselwe kokukhokhwa okujwayelekile kwemali ngayinye kummangali kungama- $ 165,000, abameli nabamangali abathintekayo ezingxoxweni bathe. Kepha abanye abamangali bangathola okuningi kakhulu, kanti abanye bathola okungaphansi, kuya ngemininingwane yecala labo. Kunemigomo eminingi yokunquma ukuthi ngubani ongabamba iqhaza ekukhokhelweni nokuthi ingakanani imali lowo muntu angayithola.

Ukuze afaneleke, umsebenzisi we-Roundup kufanele abe yisakhamuzi sase-US, kutholakale ukuthi une-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), futhi wadalulwa ku-Roundup okungenani unyaka owodwa ngaphambi kokutholakala ukuthi une-NHL.

Isivumelwano sokukhokha neBayer sizophela lapho umphathi eqinisekisa ukuthi ngaphezu kwamaphesenti angama-93 abafaka izicelo abafanelekile, ngokwemigomo yesivumelwano.

Uma umphathi wezokukhokha ethola ummangali engafanelekile, lowo mmangali unezinsuku ezingama-30 zokudlulisa isinqumo.

Kwabamangali ababhekwa njengabafanelekile umphathi wezindawo zokuhlala uzonikeza icala ngalinye amaphuzu amaningi ngokuya ngemibandela ethile. Inani lemali ummangali ngamunye azolithola lisuselwa kunani lamaphoyinti abalwe ngesimo sawo ngasinye.

Amaphuzu esisekelo asungulwa kusetshenziswa iminyaka yomuntu lowo ngesikhathi etholakala ukuthi une-NHL kanye nezinga lobunzima "bokulimala" njengoba kunqunywa izinga lokwelashwa nomphumela. Amazinga agijima u-1-5. Umuntu oshone nge-NHL unikezwa amaphuzu esisekelo ezingeni lesi-5, ngokwesibonelo. Amaphuzu amaningi anikezwa abantu abasha abahlushwa imijikelezo eminingi yokwelashwa kanye / noma abashona.

Ngaphezu kwamaphoyinti esisekelo, ukulungiswa kuvunyelwe okunikeza amaphuzu amaningi kubamangali ababenokuchayeka okuningi ku-Roundup. Kukhona nezibonelelo zamaphoyinti amaningi ezinhlobo ezithile ze-NHL. Abamangali abatholakale benohlobo lwe-NHL olubizwa nge-Primary Central Nervous System (CNS) lymphoma bathola ukukhushulwa ngamaphesenti ayi-10 kumanani abo, isibonelo.

Abantu futhi bangadonswa amaphuzu ngokususelwa ezicini ezithile. Nazi izibonelo ezithile ezithile ezivela kumatrix wamaphoyinti asungulwe ngecala le-Roundup:

  • Uma umsebenzisi womkhiqizo we-Roundup ashone ngaphambi kukaJanuwari 1, 2009, amaphuzu aphelele wesimangalo alethwe egameni lawo azokwehliswa ngamaphesenti angama-50.
  • Uma ummangali oshonile ebengenaye umlingani noma izingane ezincane ngesikhathi sokushona kwabo kudonswa amaphesenti angama-20.
  • Uma ummangali enomdlavuza wegazi ngaphambi kokusebenzisa i-Roundup amaphuzu abo anqunywa ngamaphesenti angama-30.
  • Uma isikhathi phakathi kokuchayeka kwe-Roundup kommangali nokutholakala kwe-NHL bekungaphansi kweminyaka emibili amaphuzu asikwa ngamaphesenti angama-20.

Izimali zokuhlala kufanele ziqale ukugelezela kubahlanganyeli entwasahlobo ngezinkokhelo zokugcina ezinethemba lokuthi zenziwe ehlobo, ngokusho kwabameli abathintekayo.

Abamangali nabo bangafaka izicelo zokuba yingxenye yesikhwama semali sokulimala esingajwayelekile, esakhelwe iqembu elincane labamangali abahlushwa ukulimala okukhulu okuhlobene neNHL. Isimangalo singafanelekela isikhwama sokulimala esingajwayelekile uma ukufa komuntu ku-NHL kwenzeka ngemuva kwezifundo ezintathu noma ngaphezulu ezigcwele ze-chemotherapy nezinye izindlela zokwelapha ezinolaka.

Kusukela ethenge iMonsanto e2018, iBayer ibisokola ukuthola ukuthi izophela kanjani enkantolo ebandakanya abamangali abangaphezu kuka-100,000 e-United States. Le nkampani ilahlekelwe yizo zonke izivivinyo ezintathu ebezibanjelwe kuze kube manje futhi ilahlekelwe yizikhalazo zokuqala ezifuna ukuguqula ukulahleka kwecala. Amajaji kwesinye nesinye sezivivinyo athola leyo kaMonsanto ukhula lwe-glyphosate-based, njengeRoundup, idala umdlavuza nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

Imiklomelo yamajaji ifinyelele ngaphezu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 2, yize izahlulelo ziyalelwe ukuthi zincishiswe ngamajaji asenkantolo yokuqulwa kwamacala.

Imizamo yenkampani yokuxazulula leli cala iye yabekelwa eceleni yingqinamba yokuthi zingasuswa kanjani izimangalo ezingalethwa ngokuzayo ngabantu ababa nomdlavuza ngemuva kokusebenzisa imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yenkampani.

Ukudluliswa Kwezilingo Kuyaqhubeka

Noma iBayer ihlose ukuqeda ukuvivinywa okuzayo ngamadola okukhokha, inkampani iyaqhubeka nokuzama ukuguqula imiphumela yezilingo ezintathu inkampani elahlekile.

Ekulahlekelweni kokuqala kwesivivinyo - Icala likaJohnson v. Monsanto - IBayer ilahlekelwe yimizamo yokuguqula amajaji athola ukuthi uMonsanto ubhekene nesifo somdlavuza kaJohnson ezingeni lenkantolo yokudlulisa amacala, kwathi ngo-Okthoba, iNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia unqabile ukubuyekeza icala.

IBayer manje inezinsuku eziyi-150 kusukela kuleso sinqumo sokucela ukuthi lolu daba luthathwe yiNkantolo Ephakeme yase-US. Le nkampani ayikasithathi isinqumo sokugcina mayelana nalesi sinyathelo, ngokusho komkhulumeli weBayer, kodwa iveze phambilini ukuthi ihlose ukuthatha lesi sinyathelo.

Uma iBayer ifaka isicelo eNkantolo Ephakeme yase-US, abameli bakaJohnson kulindeleke ukuthi bafake isicelo sokuphikisa esinemibandela becela inkantolo ukuthi ihlolisise izinyathelo zokwahlulela ezanciphisa umklomelo wamajaji kaJohnson kusuka ku- $ 289 million kuya ku- $ 20.5 million.

Amanye amacala enkantolo yaseBayer / Monsanto

Ngaphezu kwesikweletu uBayer abhekene nesibopho sakwaMonsanto sikaRoundup somdlavuza, inkampani ilwa nezikweletu zeMonsanto ezinkantolo zokungcola kwePCB nasenkingeni yokulimala kwezitshalo okubangelwe uhlelo lwezitshalo olususelwa ku-Micanto dicamba herbicide.

Ijaji lombuso eLos Angeles ngesonto eledlule wasenqaba isiphakamiso yiBayer ukukhokha imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 648 ukuxazulula amacala asezingeni elilethwe ngabamangali abasola ukungcoliswa okuvela kuma-biphenyls anezinwele, noma ama-PCB, enziwe iMonsanto.

Nangesonto eledlule, ijaji eliqulile icala le I-Bader Farms, Inc. v. Monsanto wenqaba iziphakamiso zikaBayer zokuqulwa kwecala elisha. Ijaji lisike umonakalo wokujeziswa onikezwe yijaji, noma kunjalo, kusuka ku- $ 250 million kuya ku- $ 60 million, kushiya umonakalo ongaphelele we $ 15 million, ngomklomelo ophelele ka- $ 75 million.

Amadokhumenti atholiwe ngokutholwa kwecala likaBader kuveze ukuthi iMonsanto ne-giant BASF yamakhemikhali babazi iminyaka ukuthi izinhlelo zabo zokwethula uhlelo lwembewu yezolimo kanye namakhemikhali olususelwa ku-dicamba kungenzeka ziholele emonakalweni emapulazini amaningi ase-US.

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala iyasenqaba isicelo seMonsanto sokuqulwa kwamacala eRoundup

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala eCalifornia ngoLwesibili wenqaba oweMonsanto Umzamo wokunciphisa u- $ 4 million kusuka enanini lemali elikweleta umgcini wezinkundla zaseCalifornia onenkinga yokuphila nomdlavuza owatholwa yijaji kubangelwa ukuvezwa kwale ndoda kumuthi wokubulala ukhula weMonsanto's Roundup.

INkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala Yesifunda Sokuqala Sokudluliswa Kwamacala eCalifornia nayo isichithile isicelo senkampani sokuthi lolu daba ludingidwe kabusha. Isinqumo senkantolo silandele isinqumo saso ngenyanga edlule eshaya uMonsanto  ngokwenqaba kwayo amandla obufakazi bokuthi ababulali bayo bokhula base-glyphosate abangela umdlavuza. Kuleso sinqumo sangoJulayi, inkantolo yathi ummangali uDewayne “Lee” Johnson wethule ubufakazi “obuningi” bokuthi umbulali wokhula kaMonsanto ubangele umdlavuza wakhe. "Ingcweti ngemuva kokuthi isazi sinikeze ubufakazi bokuthi imikhiqizo ye-Roundup iyakwazi ukudala i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ... futhi yabangela umdlavuza kaJohnson ikakhulukazi," kusho inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala esinqumweni sayo sangoJulayi.

Kuleso sinqumo sangenyanga edlule, inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala, isike umklomelo wokweleta uJohnson, yayalela uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhe ama- $ 20.5 million, kwehle kusuka ku- $ 78 million eyalwe yijaji lecala futhi kwehla kusuka ku- $ 289 million eyalwe yijaji elanquma isinqumo sikaJohnson icala ngo-Agasti 2018.

Ngaphezu kwemali engu- $ 20.5 million iMonsanto ekweleta uJohnson, inkampani iyalelwa ukuthi ikhokhe u- $ 519,000 ngezindleko.

IMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer AG e2018, yayine unxuse inkantolo ukusika umklomelo kuJohnson uye ku- $ 16.5 million.

Isinqumo sikaDicamba naso sisamile

Isinqumo senkantolo sangoLwesibili silandele a Isinqumo sikhishwe ngoMsombuluko yiNkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala Yase-US Yesekethe Lesishiyagalolunye ekuphika ukuthi kuzokhulunywa kabusha ngesinqumo senkantolo sangoJuni sokuthi shiya imvume komkhiqizo wokubulala ukhula osuselwa ku-dicamba uBayer azuze njengefa eMonsanto. Leso sinqumo sangoJuni siphinde savimbela ngempumelelo ukubulala ukhula okwenziwe nge-dicamba okwenziwe yi-BASF kanye neCorteva Agriscience.

Izinkampani bezifake isicelo sokuthi iqembu elibanzi lamajaji emajaji wesekethe lesishiyagalolunye liqhubeke nokuzijwayeza leli cala, bethi isinqumo sokuhoxisa ukuvunywa kwemithetho yemikhiqizo besingafanele. Kodwa inkantolo yasenqaba ngokusobala leso sicelo sokulalela kabusha.

Esinqumweni sayo sangoJuni, iSekethe Lesishiyagalolunye lithe i-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) yephule umthetho ngesikhathi ivuma imikhiqizo ye-dicamba eyenziwe nguMonsanto / Bayer, BASF kanye neCorteva.

Inkantolo ikhiphe umyalelo wokuthi kuvinjelwe ukusetshenziswa komkhiqizo ngamunye wenkampani i-dicamba, ithole ukuthi i-EPA “ibubeka phansi kakhulu ubungozi” bemithi yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba futhi “yehluleke ngokuphelele ukwamukela ezinye izingozi.”

Isinqumo senkantolo esivimbela imikhiqizo yenkampani i-dicamba sabangela isiyaluyalu ezweni lasepulazini ngoba abalimi abaningi besoya kanye nokotini batshale izigidi zamahektare ezitshalo ezibekezelela izakhi ze-dicamba ezakhiwe yiMonsanto ngenhloso yokwelapha ukhula kulezo zinsimu ngemithi yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba eyenziwe izinkampani ezintathu. Ngokufana nezitshalo ezibekezelela i- “Roundup Ready” glyphosate, izitshalo ezibekezelela i-dicamba zivumela abalimi ukuthi bafafaze i-dicamba emasimini abo ukuze babulale ukhula ngaphandle kokulimaza izitshalo zabo.

Ngenkathi iMonsanto, iBASF neDuPont / Corteva bekhipha imishanguzo yabo yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba eminyakeni embalwa eyedlule bathi le mikhiqizo ngeke ivuthukele futhi ingene emikhakheni engomakhelwane njengoba izinhlobo zakudala zemikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula lwe-dicamba kwakwaziwa ukuthi ziyayenza. Kepha lezo ziqinisekiso zifakazelwe zingamanga phakathi kwezikhalazo ezisabalele zomonakalo we-dicamba drift.

Ngaphezulu kwamahektare ayisigidi ezitshalo ezingakhiqizwanga izakhi zofuzo ukubekezelela i-dicamba kwabikwa ukuthi zalimala ngonyaka owedlule ezifundazweni eziyi-18, inkantolo yombuso yakhipha isinqumo sayo ngoJuni.

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala isekela ukuhlolwa kwesifo somdlavuza se-Roundup esivikela iMonsanto

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Kokunye ukulahleka kwenkantolo komnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG, inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yenqabile umzamo wenkampani wokuguqula ukunqoba kwecala okwenziwe ngumgcini wesikole saseCalifornia owasola ukuthi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala uketshezi iMonsanto glyphosate kwamenza waba nomdlavuza, yize inkantolo yathi umonakalo kufanele usike ku- $ 20.5 million.

Inkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala Yesifunda Sokuqala Sokudlulisa Amacala eCalifornia kusho uMsombuluko ukuthi izimpikiswano zikaMonsanto zazingacabangi futhi uDewayne “Lee” Johnson wayenelungelo lokuqoqa imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 10.25 kumonakalo wesinxephezelo kanye nezinye izigidi ezingama- $ 10.25 kumonakalo wokujezisa. Lokho kwehle kusamba semali engu- $ 78 million esehlulelwe yijaji.

"Ngokubona kwethu, uJohnson wethule ubufakazi obuningi - futhi obukhulu - bokuthi i-glyphosate, kanye nezinye izithako zemikhiqizo yeRoundup, yimbangela yomdlavuza wakhe," kusho inkantolo. "Isazi ngemuva kokuthi isazi sinikeze ubufakazi bokuthi imikhiqizo ye-Roundup iyakwazi ukudala i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ... futhi yabangela umdlavuza kaJohnson ikakhulukazi."

Inkantolo yaqhubeka yathi “kwakukhona ubufakazi obuqand 'ikhanda bokuthi uJohnson wahlupheka, futhi usazoqhubeka nokuhlupheka impilo yakhe yonke, ubuhlungu obukhulu nokuhlupheka.”

Inkantolo ithe impikiswano kaMonsanto yokuthi okutholwe yisayensi mayelana nezixhumanisi ze-glyphosate nomdlavuza yakha "umbono omncane" awusekelwa.

Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yanezela ukuthi bekufanele kulinyazwe isijeziso ngoba kunobufakazi obanele bokuthi uMonsanto wenza “ngamabomu nangokungahloniphi ukuphepha kwabanye.”

UMike Miller, inkampani yakhe yabameli baseVirginia emele uJohnson ngesikhathi kuqulwa icala kanye neBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman firm yaseLos Angeles, uthe uthokozile ngesiqinisekiso senkantolo sokuthi uJohnson waba nomdlavuza ngokusebenzisa kwakhe iRoundup nokuthi inkantolo yaqinisekisa umklomelo wesijeziso umonakalo ngenxa “yokuziphatha kabi ngamabomu kukaMonsanto.”

“UMnu Johnson uqhubeka nokuhlushwa ukulimala kwakhe. Siyaziqhenya ngokulwela uMnu Johnson nokulandela kwakhe ubulungiswa, ”kusho uMiller.

IMonsanto ikweleta inzalo yaminyaka yonke ngesilinganiso samaphesenti ayi-10 kusuka ngo-Ephreli we-2018 ize ikhokhe isinqumo sokugcina.

Ukwehliswa komonakalo kuhlanganiswe nengxenye yokuthi odokotela batshele uJohnson ukuthi umdlavuza wakhe awupheli futhi akulindelekile ukuthi aphile isikhathi eside kakhulu. Inkantolo ivumelane neMonsanto ukuthi ngenxa yokuthi umonakalo okhokhelwayo wenzelwe ukunxephezela ubuhlungu besikhathi esizayo, ukuhlupheka kwengqondo, ukulahlekelwa yinjabulo yempilo, ukukhubazeka emzimbeni, njll. kumele yehliswe.

UBrent Wisner, ongomunye wabameli bakaJohnson ecaleni lakhe, uthe ukwehliswa komonakalo kuwumphumela "wephutha elijulile emthethweni waseCalifornia."

"Ngokuyisisekelo, umthetho waseCalifornia awumvumeli ummangali ukuthi alulame isikhathi esifushane sokuphila," kusho uWisner. “Lokhu kuvuza kahle ummangalelwa ngokubulala ummangali, kunokumlimaza nje. Kuwumsangano. ”

Ukugqama kokuziphatha kukaMonsanto

Kwakuyizinyanga ezimbili nje ngemuva kokuba iBayer ithenge iMonsanto, ngo-Agasti 2018, lapho ijaji elilodwa unikeze uJohnson u- $ 289 million, kufaka phakathi amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-250 emonakalweni wokujeziswa, ukuthola ukuthi akubulali nje kuphela imithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto ebangele ukuthi uJohnson athuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kepha nokuthi inkampani ibazi ubungozi bomdlavuza futhi yehluleka ukuxwayisa uJohnson. Icala lalibandakanya imikhiqizo emibili yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto glyphosate - iRoundup neRanger Pro.

Ijaji lecala lehlisa isinqumo esiphelele saba ngama- $ 78 million kodwa uMonsanto wasidlulisa isamba esincishisiwe. UJohnson cross unxuse ukuthi kubuyiswe isinqumo sango- $ 289 million.

Icala likaJohnson lambozwa abezindaba emhlabeni jikelele futhi labeka obala ekuziphatheni okungabazekayo kweMonsanto. Abameli bakaJohnson banikeze ama-jurors ama-imeyili enkampani yangaphakathi namanye amarekhodi akhombisa ososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngamaphepha esayensi abhala ghost ukuze bazame ukuxhasa ukusekelwa kokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yenkampani, kanye nezindlela zokuxhumana ezinemininingwane yokuhlambalaza abagxeki, nokuqeda ukuhlolwa kukahulumeni ubuthi be-glyphosate, ikhemikhali eliyisihluthulelo emikhiqizweni kaMonsanto.

Imibhalo yangaphakathi ibuye ikhombise ukuthi iMonsanto ibilindele ukuthi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer ihlukanise i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu okungenzeka noma kungenzeka ngoMashi ka-2015 (ukuhlukaniswa kwaba njenge-carcinogen okungenzeka kube khona) futhi yahlela isu kusengaphambili lokuhlambalaza ososayensi bomdlavuza ngemuva bakhipha ukuhlukaniswa kwabo.

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zabamangali afake icala kuMonsanto enza izimangalo ezifana nezikaJohnson, kanti sekunezilingo ezimbili ezengeziwe selokhu kwaqulwa icala likaJohnson. Zombili lezo zilingo nazo ziholele ekutheni kukhishwe izinqumo ezinkulu ngokumelene neMonsanto. Bobabili nabo bangaphansi kwesikhalazo.

NgoJuni, iBayer yathi isifinyelele ku-  isivumelwano sokuxazulula nabameli abamele amaphesenti angama-75 wabantu abacishe bafike ku-125,000 abafakelwe izicelo futhi abasazofakwa izicelo ezaqalwa ngabamangali baseMelika abasola ukutholakala kweM Roundanto kaMonsanto ngokuthuthukisa kwabo i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. IBayer ithe izohlinzeka ngo- $ 8.8 billion kuya ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula icala. Kepha abameli abamele ngaphezulu kwabamangaleli abangaphezulu kuka-20,000 XNUMX bathi abavumanga ukuvumelana neBayer futhi lawo macala kulindeleke ukuthi aqhubeke nokusebenza ngendlela yohlelo lwenkantolo.

Esitatimendeni esikhishwe ngemuva kwesinqumo senkantolo, uBayer uthe kusekela ukuphepha kukaRoundup: “Isinqumo senkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ukwehlisa umonakalo okhokhelwayo nesijeziso siyisinyathelo esiqonde ngqo, kepha siyaqhubeka nokukholelwa ukuthi isinqumo sejaji kanye nomonakalo imiklomelo ayihambisani nobufakazi obusecaleni nasenkantolo. IMonsanto izobheka izinketho zayo ezingokomthetho, kufaka phakathi nokufaka isicelo sokuphikisa iNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia. ”

Inkantolo iyakwenama ukuhlawuliswa kukaBayer okuhlongozwayo ngezigaba

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ijaji likahulumeni ngoMsombuluko belinamagama ahlabayo ngohlelo lukaBayer AG lokulibazisa amacala omdlavuza weRoundup angaba khona kanye nokuvimba izivivinyo zamajaji, egxeka isiphakamiso esingajwayelekile esenziwe yiBayer neqembu elincane labameli babamangali njengokuthi kungenzeka kube kungahambisani nomthethosisekelo.

“INkantolo iyakungabaza ukufaneleka nokulunga kwalesi sivumelwano esihlongozwayo, futhi ithambekele ekuphikiseni lesi sicelo,” kufundeka umyalelo wokuqala okhishwe yiJaji uVince Chhabria weNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US esiFundeni esiseNyakatho neCalifornia. Isikhundla sejaji sibukeka siyishaya ngamandla iBayer nemizamo yenkampani yokuxazulula ifa lamacala abhekene neMonsanto, iBayer eyathenga eminyakeni emibili eyedlule.

Abantu abangaphezu kwe-100,000 e-United States bathi ukuvezwa kwe-Monsanto's glyphosate-based Roundup herbicides kubangele ukuthi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) nokuthi iMonsanto kudala yazi futhi yafihla izingozi zomdlavuza.

Izilingo ezintathu zamajaji ziye zabanjwa eminyakeni emibili eyedlule kanti iMonsanto yalahlekelwa yibo bobathathu ngamajaji anikezela ngaphezu kuka- $ 2 billion kumonakalo. Wonke amacala manje asedlulisiwe futhi iBayer ibilokhu ihilizisana ukugwema ukuqulwa kwecala labasizi besikhathi esizayo.

Ngenyanga edlule iBayer ithe ikwenzile izivumelwano ezifinyelelwe ukuxazulula iningi lamacala afakwe njengamanje futhi abhale uhlelo lokusingatha amacala okungenzeka ukuthi azofakwa ngokuzayo. Ukusingatha le nkantolo njengamanje uBayer uthe kuzokhokha imali efinyelela ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula cishe amaphesenti angama-75 ezicelo zamanje futhi uzoqhubeka nokusebenza ukuxazulula okusele.

Ehlelweni lokusingatha amacala angaba khona esikhathi esizayo, IBayer ithe isebenzisana neqembu elincane labameli babamangali abamele ukwenza imali engaphezu kwamaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-150 ngenhloso yokuvumelana “nokuma” kweminyaka emine emacaleni okufaka amaphepha. Lolu hlelo luzosebenza kubantu abangatholwa ngokuzayo nge-NHL abakholelwa ukuthi kungenxa yokuchayeka kwe-Roundup. Ngokuphikisana nokukhokhwa kukaMonsanto ngamacala asalindile, ukukhokhelwa kwalesi senzo esisha "sekusasa" kudinga ukuvunywa yinkantolo.

Ngaphezu kokubambezela izivivinyo eziningi, isivumelwano sidinga ukuthi kusungulwe “iphaneli lesayensi” elinamalungu amahlanu elizothatha noma ikuphi okutholakele esikhathini esizayo ngezimangalo zomdlavuza ezandleni zamajaji. Esikhundleni salokho, kuzokwakhiwa i- “Class Science Panel” ezonquma ukuthi ngabe i-Roundup ingadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, futhi uma kunjalo, ngamazinga aphansi okuvezwa. IBayer izokwazi ukuqoka amalungu amabili kwamaphaneli amahlanu. Uma ngabe iphaneli linqume ukuthi akukho ukuxhumana okuyimbangela phakathi kwe-Roundup ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma lapho-ke amalungu ekilasi azovinjelwa ekufuneni okuzayo esikhathini esizayo.

Amalungu amaningana ezinkampani zabameli abahola phambili abawine izivivinyo ezintathu zomdlavuza weRoundup aphikisana nohlelo oluhlongozwayo lokuxazulula izinyathelo, bethi luzophuca abamangali besikhathi esizayo amalungelo abo ngenkathi kunothisa idlanzana labammeli abebengakaze babe phambili ecaleni leRoundup.

Lolu hlelo ludinga ukuvunywa kweJaji uChhabria, kodwa umyalelo okhishwe ngoMsombuluko ukhombise ukuthi akahlelile ukunikeza imvume.

“Endaweni lapho isayensi ingahle ithuthuke, bekungafaneleka kanjani ukukhiya i-
isinqumo esivela eqenjini lososayensi kuwo wonke amacala azayo? ” kubuza ijaji ngokulandelana kwalo.

Ijaji lithe lizobamba ukulalelwa ngoJulayi 24 ngesicelo sokuphasiswa kokuqala kokuxazululwa kwesenzo sabantu abasesigabeni. "Uma kubhekwa ukungabaza kweNkantolo njengamanje, kungaphikisana nentshisekelo yawo wonke umuntu ukubambezela ukulalelwa kwamacala ngaphambi kokuthola imvume yokuqala," ubhale kanjalo.

Ngezansi kwengcaphuno yomyalo wejaji:

Inkulumo entsha ngokuxazululwa phakathi kweziguli zomdlavuza waseBayer neRoundup

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Kube nenkulumo evuselelwe mayelana nokuxazululwa okungaba khona kuleli sonto phakathi kweBayer AG kanye neziguli ezingamashumi ezinkulungwane zeziguli ezinomdlavuza njengenkantolo ebalulekile yokulalelwa kwenkantolo ngesonto elizayo.

Ngokombiko othile umbiko eBloomberg, abameli beBayer bafinyelele esivumelwaneni ngomlomo nabameli base-US abamele okungenani abamangali abangama-50,000 XNUMX abamangalela uMonsanto ngenxa yezimangalo zokuthi iRoundup namanye ama-herbicides aseMonsanto adale ukuthi abamangali bahlakulele i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Imininingwane njengoba ibikwe yiBloomberg ibonakala ingashintshiwe kuzivumelwano zomlomo zangaphambilini phakathi kweBayer kanye nabameli babamangali abawa ngesikhathi kuvalwa inkantolo ehlobene neCoronavirus. Njengoba izinkantolo zisavaliwe, izinsuku zokuqulwa kwecala zihlehlisiwe, kwasusa ingcindezi eBayer.

Kepha iphuzu elisha lengcindezi lisondela ekulalelweni kwesonto elizayo ekukhalazweni kwesilingo sokuqala somdlavuza weRoundup. Inkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala yaseCalifornia Isifunda Sokuqala Sokudlulisa Amacala kulindeleke ukuba ilalele izimpikiswano ngomlomo lapho kudluliswa amacala ecaleni likaJohnson v Monsanto ngoJuni 2.

Leli cala, elalixabanisa onogada baseCalifornia uDewayne “Lee” Johnson neMonsanto, kuholele kumklomelo wokulimala ongu- $ 289 million likaJohnson ngo-Agasti 2018. Ijaji alitholanga nje kuphela ukuthi i-Roundup kaMonsanto kanye nemikhiqizo ehlobene ne-glyphosate yethule ingozi enkulu kubantu abayisebenzisayo, kodwa nokuthi kukhona "ubufakazi obucacile nobukholisayo" bokuthi izikhulu zikaMonsanto zenze "ngobubi noma ingcindezelo" ukwehluleka ukuxwayisa ngokwanele ngobungozi.

Ijaji lecala ecaleni likaJohnson ngokuhamba kwesikhathi wehlisa umonakalo kuya ku- $ 78.5 million. IMonsanto idlulise ngisho umklomelo owehlisiwe, kanti uJohnson wadlulisa icala efuna ukubuyiselwa umklomelo ophelele wejaji.

In edlulisa isinqumo, UMonsanto ucele inkantolo ukuthi iguqule isinqumo secala bese ifaka isinqumo seMonsanto noma ihlehlise futhi ibuyisele icala ecaleni elisha. Okungenani, uMonsanto ucele inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ukuthi yehlise ingxenye yomklomelo wamajaji "ngomonakalo ongekho kwezomnotho wesikhathi esizayo" kusuka ku- $ 33 million kuya ku- $ 1.5 million nokusula umonakalo wokujeziswa ngokuphelele.

Abahluleli benkantolo yokudlulisa amacala unikeze umbono omncane mayelana nokuthi bancike kanjani kuleli cala, bazisa abameli bezinhlangothi zombili ukuthi kufanele bakulungele ukuxoxa ngodaba lokukhokhwa kwemali enkantolo eyalalelwa ngoJuni 2. Abameli bakammangali bakuthathe lokho njengophawu olukhuthazayo lokuthi kungenzeka amajaji angahleleli ukuhlelelwa kwecala elisha.

Ngaphansi kwemibandela yokukhokhelwa okuxoxwe ngakho ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezedlule, iBayer izokhokha isamba esingu- $ 10 billion ukuletha ukuvalwa kwamacala aphethwe amafemu amakhulu amakhulu, kepha angavumi ukufaka amalebula okuxwayisa kukhula lwayo olususelwa e-glyphosate ababulali, njengoba bekufunwe abanye babameli babamangali.

Isivumelwano ngeke sihlanganise bonke abamangali ngezimangalo ezisalindile. Futhi bekungeke kumboze uJohnson noma abanye abamangali abathathu asebevele bawine izimangalo zabo ecaleni. IMonsanto neBayer badlulisele phambili konke ukulahleka kwecala.

Abameli ezinkampanini ezinkulu ezithinteka enkantolo banqabile ukuxoxa ngesimo esikhona manje.

Izikhulu zeBayer ziphikile ukuthi abukho ubufakazi besayensi obuxhumanisa umuthi wokubulala ukhula we-glyphosate nomdlavuza, kodwa abatshalizimali bebelokhu befuna ukuthola isivumelwano sokuxazulula leli cala. Kungaba wusizo kuBayer ukuxazulula amacala ngaphambi kwanoma yisiphi isinqumo esibi senkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala, esingahle siphazamise abaninimasheya benkampani. IBayer ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018. Ngemuva kokulahleka kwecala likaJohnson ngo-Agasti 2018, intengo yamasheya enkampani yehle kakhulu futhi isalokhu inengcindezi.

Abamangali Abakhungathekile

Amacala okuqala enkantolo yamacala omdlavuza weRoundup afakwa ngasekupheleni kuka-2015, okusho ukuthi abamangali abaningi bebelinde iminyaka ukuthola isinqumo. Abanye babamangali bafe besalindile, kanti amacala abo manje aqhutshelwa phambili ngamalungu omndeni ekhungathekile ngokungabi nenqubekela phambili ekuqedeni amacala.

Abanye abamangali bebelokhu benza imiyalezo yevidiyo ebhekiswe kubaphathi beBayer, befuna ukuthi bavumelane nezindawo zokuhlala futhi benze izinguquko zokuxwayisa abathengi ngezingozi zomdlavuza ezingaba khona zemithi yokubulala ukhula eseglyphosate efana neRoundup.

UVincent Tricomi, 68, ungomunye wommangali onjalo. Kwi-video ayenzile, ayihlanganyele ne-US Right to Know, uthe usehlinzwe ngemizuzu engu-12 yokwelashwa ngamakhemikhali kanti uhlala ezinhlanu esibhedlela elwa nomdlavuza wakhe. Ngemuva kokuthola ukuthethelelwa kwesikhashana, umdlavuza uphinde wabuya ekuqaleni konyaka, esho.

“Baningi kakhulu njengami abahluphekayo futhi abadinga ukukhululeka,” kusho uTricomi. Buka umyalezo wakhe wevidiyo ngezansi:

Ukudluliswa kwesilingo sokuqala somdlavuza seMonsanto Roundup kuzozwakala ngoJuni

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yaseCalifornia isethe ukulalelwa kwangoJuni ngokudluliswa kwamacala okuvela ecaleni lokuqala ngqa mayelana nezinsolo zokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto ibangela umdlavuza.

INkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala Yesifunda Sokuqala Sokudluliswa Kwamacala eCalifornia ithe ngoLwesine ihlela ukulalelwa kwecala ngoJuni 2 ecaleni likaDewayne “Lee” Johnson v. Monsanto. Ukulalelwa kwamacala kuzokwenzeka cishe eminyakeni emibili ngemuva kokuqala kokuqulwa kwecala likaJohnson kanye neminyaka emibili ngemuva kokuthi iBayer AG ithenge iMonsanto.

Ijaji elivumelanayo unikeze uJohnson u- $ 289 million ngo-Agasti 2018, kufaka phakathi amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-250 kumonakalo wokujeziswa, ukuthola ukuthi akukhona nje kuphela ukuthi i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides yenze ukuthi uJohnson athuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kepha nokuthi inkampani ibazi ubungozi bomdlavuza futhi yehluleka ukuxwayisa uJohnson.

Ijaji lecala lehlisa isinqumo esiphelele saba ngama- $ 78 million kodwa uMonsanto wasidlulisa isamba esincishisiwe. UJohnson cross unxuse ukuthi kubuyiswe isinqumo sango- $ 289 million.

Lapho ilungiselela izimpikiswano ngomlomo mayelana nesikhalazo sikaJohnson, inkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala ithe iyasichitha isicelo esenziwe yiCalifornia Attorney General sokuthi kufakwe isikhalazo se-amicus ngasohlangothini lukaJohnson.

Icala likaJohnson lambozwa abezindaba emhlabeni jikelele futhi labeka obala ekuziphatheni okungabazekayo kweMonsanto. Abameli bakaJohnson banikeze ama-jurors ama-imeyili enkampani yangaphakathi namanye amarekhodi akhombisa ososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngamaphepha esayensi abhala ghost ukuze bazame ukuxhasa ukusekelwa kokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yenkampani, kanye nezindlela zokuxhumana ezinemininingwane yokuhlambalaza abagxeki, nokuqeda ukuhlolwa kukahulumeni ubuthi be-glyphosate, ikhemikhali eliyisihluthulelo emikhiqizweni kaMonsanto.

Imibhalo yangaphakathi ibuye ikhombise ukuthi iMonsanto ibilindele ukuthi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer ihlukanise i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu okungenzeka noma okungenzeka ngo-Mashi ka-2015 (ukuhlukaniswa kwaba njenge-carcinogen okungenzeka kube khona) futhi bahlela uhlelo kusengaphambili lokuhlambalaza ososayensi bomdlavuza.

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zabamangali afake isimangalo kuMonsanto enza izimangalo ezifana nezikaJohnson, kanti sekunezilingo ezimbili ezengeziwe selokhu kwaqulwa icala likaJohnson. Zombili lezo zilingo nazo ziholele ekutheni kukhishwe izinqumo ezinkulu ngeMonsanto.

Ukubeka usuku lokudlulisa icala kukaJohnson, inkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala ithe “iyabona ukuthi lawa macala ahlanganisiwe athatha isikhathi kangakanani futhi iqhubekile nokuwabeka eqhulwini naphezu kwezimo eziphuthumayo zamanje” ezidalwe ukusabalala kwe-coronavirus.

Ukunyakaza kwenkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala ecaleni likaJohnson kuza njengoba kubikwa iBayer ngizama ukuziqinisa ezindaweni zokuhlala okuxoxiswene ngazo namafemu abameli baseMelika abamele abaningi balabo bamangali.

Isilingo somdlavuza waseSt. Louis Roundup sisethwe kabusha ngoLwesithathu njengoba icala laseCalifornia limisiwe

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Idrama iyaqhubeka empini ebhekwe ngabomvu phakathi kwabameli abavikela iMonsanto Co yangaphambili nalabo abamele izinkulungwane zezisulu zomdlavuza abathi bachayeka kwi-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto abanikeze yona noma ilungu lomndeni elingeyona iHodgkin lymphoma.

NgoLwesihlanu, icala laseCalifornia lahlehliswa ngokusemthethweni ngemuva kwesikhathi esingaphezu kwesonto lemisebenzi yokukhetha amajaji nokuhlala abahluleli abangu-16. Esikhundleni sokuqhubeka nezitatimende zokuvula, lelo cala manje selihlehliselwe unomphela, nengqungquthela yokuphathwa kwamacala ebekelwe uMashi 31.

Khonamanjalo, icala labamangali abahlehlisiwe ngaphambi nje kokuvula izitatimende ngesonto eledlule eSt. Louis lihlelelwe ukuthi livulwe ngoLwesithathu oluzayo, kusho imithombo esondelene necala.

Isilingo saseSt. Inethiwekhi Yokubuka Inkantolo nangokuphakelwa kweziteshi zethelevishini nezomsakazo. Abameli bomnikazi weMonsanto waseGerman uBayer AG baphikisana nokusakazwa kwecala, bethi lokhu kuduma kubeka engcupheni abaphathi babo nofakazi.

Izilingo eziningana zikhishwe edokodweni emasontweni ambalwa edlule njengoba iBayer, eyathenga iMonsanto e2018, isisondele ekuxazululeni umhlaba wonke okulingana nezicelo ezingaphezu kuka-50,000 100,000 - ezinye izilinganiso zingaphezu kuka-10. IBayer ifuna ukukhokha cishe ama- $ XNUMX billion ukukhokhela lezi zimangalo, ngokusho kwemithombo esondele ezingxoxweni.

Amacala onke asola ukuthi iMonsanto yayilwazi kahle ucwaningo lwesayensi olukhombisa ukuthi kunezingozi zezempilo zabantu eziboshelwe kumakhemikhali okubulala ukhula e-glyphosate kodwa ayenzanga lutho ukuxwayisa abathengi, yasebenza esikhundleni sokukhohlisa irekhodi lesayensi ukuvikela ukuthengiswa kwezinkampani.

Abatshalizimali beBayer banesifiso sokuthi inkampani iqede ukuthethwa kwamacala futhi isuse izivivinyo eziningi nokwaziswa okulethwa yilowo nalowo. Abameli bakaBayer kubikwe ukuthi baxoxisene ngamakhasimende ezinkampani ezinkulu ezinkulu, kepha behluleka ukufinyelela esivumelwaneni namafemu amakhulu wabamangali - iMiller Firm yaseVirginia neWeitz & Luxenberg yaseNew York. Inkampani iMiller imele abamangali emacaleni womabili aseCalifornia asanda kukhishwa edokodweni kanti ecaleni laseSt.

Amasheya akhuphuke ngesonto eledlule lapho icala laseSt. abameli.

Ukuhlehliswa kwalolu daba kubakhungathekisile ababukeli, okubalwa nabasebenzi beCourtroom View View Network, abasale enkantolo kuleli sonto belinde izindaba zokuthi icala lingaphinda liqale nini. Batshelwe ngoLwesihlanu ekuseni kuphela ukuthi leli cala ngeke lisaqhubeka ngoMsombuluko. Bafunda ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ukuthi kuzoqhubeka ngoLwesithathu esikhundleni.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zamhambela kabi uMonsanto noBayer njengamajaji athukuthele unikezwe ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2.3 billion ekulimaleni kwabamangali abane. Amajaji wecala ehlise imiklomelo yamajaji yabalelwa ezigidini ezingama-190 zamadola, futhi bonke baphansi kwesikhalazo.

Lezo zivivinyo zavula amehlo omphakathi amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto  lokho kubonisa ukuthi iMonsanto yawafaka kanjani amaphepha esayensi amemezela ukuphepha kwemithi yokubulala ukhula yayo ebonakala ngokungeyikho ukuthi yadalwa kuphela ngososayensi abazimele; wasebenzisa abantu besithathu ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi ababika ingozi nge-glyphosate herbicides; futhi ibambisene nezikhulu ze-Environmental Protection Agency ukuvikela isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuthi imikhiqizo yayo ayibanga umdlavuza.

Ukuhlaliswa kweBayer kwezimangalo zomdlavuza weRoundup kusesemoyeni

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Amajaji aqokelwe ukulalela icala laseSt. Louis lokufaka izisulu zomdlavuza kuMonsanto atshelwe ukuthi icala elihlehliswe unomphela ngesonto eledlule lingaqhubeka ngoMsombuluko ozayo, kusho okhulumela inkantolo, okuyizinkomba zokuthi imizamo yomnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG yokuqeda izwe lonke Amacala okuphepha ngokuphepha kwe-Roundup herbicides asaqhubeka.

Kwesinye isibonakaliso sokuthi isivumelwano asikatholakali, ukukhethwa kwamajaji ecaleni elihlukile lomdlavuza weRoundup - leli laseCalifornia - bekuqhubeka kuleli sonto. Izilingo eSt. Louis naseCalifornia zibandakanya abamangali abathi bona noma abathandekayo babo bathuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuchayeka emithini yokubulala ukhula eyenziwe nge-glyphosate eyenziwe yiMonsanto, kufaka phakathi nomkhiqizo odumile weRoundup. Amashumi ezinkulungwane zabamangali benza izimangalo ezifanayo ezinkantolo ezifakwe e-United States.

UBayer uthenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018 ngesikhathi kuqala ukuqulwa kwecala lokuhlukunyezwa kwabantu abaningi. Intengo yamasheya kaBayer yashaywa ngesando ngemuva kokuthi ijaji elilodwa livume ukuthi ukubulala ukhula kukaMonsanto kwakuyimbangela yomdlavuza wommangali kuleso simo nokuthi uMonsanto wayenobufakazi obufihlekile bomdlavuza obubhekiswe emphakathini.

Izilingo ezimbili ezengeziwe ziphumela ekutholakaleni okufanayo kwamajaji futhi zaheha abezindaba emhlabeni wonke ekulahlekiseni imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ekhombisa ukuthi inkampani yenze imikhuba eminingi yokukhohlisa emashumini amaningi eminyaka ukuvikela nokuvikela inzuzo yemithi yokubulala ukhula yayo.

Abatshalizimali beBayer banesifiso sokuthi inkampani iqede ukuthethwa kwamacala futhi isuse izivivinyo eziningi nokwaziswa okulethwa yilowo nalowo. Amasheya akhuphuke ngesonto eledlule ngesikhathi icala laseSt. Louis lihlehliswa kungazelelwe njengabameli babamangali abebegcwele abameli beBayer futhi bakhombisa ukuthi sekuseduze ukuthi kulungiswe leli cala.

Izinombolo zama- $ 8 billion- $ 10 billion ziye zantanta amasonto ngemithombo yamacala enkantolo njengengqikithi yokuxazulula inani lamacala abambe iBayer selokhu ithenge iMonsanto ngama- $ 63 billion.

IBayer isivele ixoxisane ngemibandela yokukhokha namafemu amaningi ahola icala, kepha yehluleka ukufinyelela esivumelwaneni namafemu wabamangali i-Weitz & Luxenberg kanye neMiller Firm. Ngokubambisana la mafemu amabili amele abamangali abacishe babe ngu-20,000 XNUMX, okwenza ukuthi ukubamba kwabo iqhaza kusivumelwano kube yinto esemqoka esivumelwaneni esizothokozisa abatshalizimali, kusho imithombo esondelene necala.

Imithombo ithe lezi zinhlangothi zombili "bezisondelene kakhulu" nesivumelwano.

Ngezindaba ezihlukile, kodwa ezihlobene, i-Kellogg Company kusho leli sonto ukuthi ibisuka ekusebenziseni okusanhlamvu okufafazwe nge-glyphosate ngaphambi nje kokuvuna njengezithako kokudla kwabathengi bayo nokusanhlamvu. Umkhuba wokusebenzisa i-glyphosate njenge-desiccant wathengiswa yiMonsanto iminyaka njengomkhuba ongasiza abalimi ukuba bome izitshalo zabo ngaphambi kokuvuna, kepha ukuhlolwa komkhiqizo wokudla kukhombisile ukuthi lo mkhuba uvame ukushiya izinsalela zombulali wokhula ekudleni okuphelile njenge-oatmeal.

AbakwaKellogg bathe "sisebenzisana nabahlinzeki bethu ukuqeda ukusebenzisa i-glyphosate njenge-agent yokomisa ngaphambi kokuvuna emakethe yethu yokuphakela ukolweni ne-oat ezimakethe zethu ezinkulu, kubandakanya nase-US, ngasekupheleni kuka-2025."

Icala laseSt. Louis Roundup lihlehlisiwe njengoba kuvela indawo enkulu yokuhlala eduze

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ukuvuselelwa - Isitatimende esivela eBayer: “Amaqembu afinyelele esivumelwaneni sokuqhubeka necala likaWade eMissouri Circuit Court likaSt. Ukuqhubeka kuhlose ukuhlinzekela amaqembu ukuthi aqhubeke nenqubo yokulamula ngokuthembeka ngaphansi kwesandla sikaKen Feinberg, futhi agweme iziphazamiso ezingavela ezivivinyweni. Ngenkathi iBayer ibandakanyeka ngendlela eyakhayo kwinqubo yokulamula, asikho isivumelwano esibanzi ngalesi sikhathi. Akunasiqiniseko noma uhlelo lwezikhathi lwesinqumo esiphelele. ”

Ukuvulwa obekulindelwe kakhulu kwalokho obekungaba yisilingo sesine somdlavuza weRoundup kuhlehliselwe unomphela ngoLwesihlanu phakathi kwezingxoxo zokuxazulula izinkinga phakathi komnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG kanye nabameli abamele izinkulungwane zabantu abathi banomdlavuza kubangelwe ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula egazini iMonsanto's glyphosate-based.

Ijaji leNkantolo yesiFunda yaseSt. Louis City, u-Elizabeth Hogan likhiphe umyalo othi "kuqhubeka imbangela" kuphela. Lesi sinqumo sivele ngemuva kokuthi abameli abahola phambili abavela ezinkampanini zabamangali baseWeitz & Luxenberg ezinze eNew York naseMiller Firm yaseVirginia beshiye inkantolo kaHogan kungalindelekile ngaphambi nje kokuba kuvulwe izitatimende obekumele ziqale phakathi noLwesihlanu ekuseni. Imithombo esondelene namaqembu ezomthetho ekuqaleni ithe izitatimende zokuvula zihlehliselwe emuva kwaze kwaba ntambama ukuze kuvunyelwe isikhathi sokubona ukuthi abameli babamangali nabameli beBayer bangaphothula yini isinqumo esizolungisa amashumi ezinkulungwane zamacala. Kepha kuthe ntambama sekumisiwe ukuqhubeka kwalezi zinqubo futhi bekucatshangwa kabanzi ukuthi isivumelwano sesifeziwe.

Izinombolo zama- $ 8 billion- $ 10 billion ziye zantanta amasonto ngemithombo yamacala enkantolo njengengqikithi yokukhokhelwa kwamacala amaningi abambe iBayer selokhu ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018 ngama- $ 63 billion. Amanani amasheya enkampani acindezeleke kakhulu ngokulahleka kwecala okuphindaphindiwe kanye nemiklomelo emikhulu yamajaji ngokumelene nenkampani ezivivinyweni ezintathu ezigcinwe kuze kube manje.

Ezinye izivivinyo eziningi bezizobanjwa emasontweni nasezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezizayo, kucindezelwe iBayer ukuthi ixazulule amacala ngesikhathi ukuze kutholakale abatshalizimali emhlanganweni wayo wamasheya waminyaka yonke ngo-Ephreli.

Izikhulu zeBayer zikuqinisekisile ukuthi bangaphezu kwabangummangali abangaphezu kuka-42,000 abafake amacala eMonsanto. Kepha imithombo yamacala ithi manje sebengaphezu kuka-100,000 XNUMX abamangali abafakwe izimangalo, yize isibalo samanje sezimangalo ezifakiwe singacaci.

Inkampani i-Weitz nenkampani iMiller zihlangene zimele izimangalo zabamangali ababalelwa ku-20,000 XNUMX, ngokusho kwemithombo esondelene namafemu. UMike Miller, ohola le nkampani iMiller, ungummeli ohola phambili ecaleni laseSt. Louis ebelizovulwa ngoLwesihlanu.

UMiller ubelokhu ebambe ongezansi ezinkulumweni zokuxazulula le nkinga neBayer njengoba abanye abameli abaningi abamangaleli sebesayine isivumelwano nenkampani yezemithi yaseJalimane. IBayer idinga ukuthi ikwazi ukufeza isinqumo ngezimangalo eziningi ezingakakhokhwa ukuze kutholakale abatshalizimali abanganelisekanga.

Umlamuli uKen Feinberg uthe ngesonto eledlule akucaci ukuthi kungaba khona yini ukuxazululwa komhlaba wonke ngaphandle kukaMiller. UMiller ubefuna "lokho acabanga ukuthi kuyisinxephezelo esifanele," kusho uFeinberg. IJaji Lesifunda saseMelika uVince Chhabria waqoka uFeinberg ukuba abe ngumlamuleli phakathi kweBayer nabameli babamangali ngoMeyi odlule.

Ijaji lecala laseSt. Louis lase likhethiwe vele kanti abamangali abane kanye namalungu omndeni wabo babekhona ngoLwesihlanu ekuseni, bezungeze inkantolo yangaphambili.

Abameli bakaMonsanto benze isicelo ekuqaleni kukaLwesihlanu sokuthi kuvinjelwe ukusakazwa kwecala yiziteshi zethelevishini nezomsakazo wendawo kodwa iJaji uHogan lakhipha isinqumo sokuthi le nkampani mayingavumi. Ukuqulwa kwecala langoLwesihlanu bekungaba okokuqala ukwenzeka endaweni yaseSt. Louis, lapho iMonsanto yayinendlunkulu iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-100.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zamhambela kabi uMonsanto nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG njengamajaji athukuthele unikezwe ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2.3 billion ekulimaleni kwabamangali abane. Amajaji wecala ehlise imiklomelo yamajaji yabalelwa ezigidini ezingama-190 zamadola, futhi bonke baphansi kwesikhalazo.

Izilingo zivule amehlo omphakathi irekhodi langaphakathi leMonsanto  lokho kukhombise ukuthi iMonsanto yenze kanjani amaphepha esayensi amemezela ukuphepha kwemithi yokubulala ukhula yayo ebonakala ngokungeyikho ukuthi yadalwa kuphela ososayensi abazimele; wasebenzisa abantu besithathu ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi ababika ukulimala nge-glyphosate herbicides; futhi ibambisene nezikhulu ze-Environmental Protection Agency ukuvikela isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuthi imikhiqizo yayo ayibanga umdlavuza.