Imibhalo ye-FOI ngemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2, izingozi zokucwaninga ngomsebenzi kanye namalebhu e-biosafety

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ilungelo Lethu Lokwazi e-US ngicwaninga ngemvelaphi yeSARS-CoV-2, nobungozi bamalabhoratri okuphepha kanye nokucwaninga ngomsebenzi, okuhlose ukwandisa ukwanda kokutheleleka noma ukubulala kwamagciwane abangelwa ubhubhane. Sithumela izibuyekezo nokutholwa okusha ku- iBiohazards Blog yethu.

Ithonya lobumbano eNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan: USolwazi Peter Phillips nemfihlo yakhe "ilungelo lokwazi uchungechunge"

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zamakhasi emibhalo yangaphakathi etholwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi ngokusebenzisa amarekhodi omphakathi izicelo ziveza ubudlelwano obuseduze - futhi obuyimfihlo - obuphakathi kweMonsanto, amaqembu ayo e-PR, neqembu losolwazi abagqugquzela ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides. Kwesinye isibonelo, uphenyo lwaveza imininingwane ngomsebenzi kaMonsanto UPeter WB Phillips, USolwazi Ohloniphekile e UJohnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, ENyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan.

Izambulo zazibandakanya ubufakazi bokuthi abasebenzi baseMonsanto kunikezwe futhi kwahlelwa iphepha elibhalwe nguPhillips, futhi wabamba iqhaza kwi "uchungechunge" oluvaliwe emphakathini UPhillips uhlele e-U of S ukuxoxa ngezinselelo zokubonisa ngale mayelana nobudlelwano bemboni. Le micimbi iphakamise ukukhathazeka ngethonya lemboni kule nyuvesi exhaswe nguhulumeni, futhi yagqugquzela amanye amalungu obuhlakani nabanye ukuba baqalise inselelo yezomthetho ukuzama ukuthola umbhalo othi "ilungelo lokwazi uchungechunge".

Leli phepha linikeza isizinda ngale micimbi, kanye nemibhalo evela ekuphonselweni inselelo kwezomthetho kanye nophenyo lwamarekhodi omphakathi. I-U of S ithe ibukeze umsebenzi kaPhillips ngokwesimo senqubomgomo yokuziphatha eyunivesithi. Ngenxa yalokhu, uPhillips "wakhululwa kunoma yikuphi ukungalungi," ngokusho kweCBC News.

Ukufakwa kwezindaba

Ukusebenzisana kweMonsanto kwakungekho ukubonakala  

Imibhalo etholwe ngamarekhodi omphakathi icela ama-imeyili achaza omunye umsebenzi kaPhillips neMonsanto. Okulandelayo ukubuka konke okutholakele nemisebenzi ephathelene nemibhalo.

Ngo-2014, umphathi wezindaba zesayensi yomhlaba wonke waseMonsanto u-Eric Sachs waqasha uPhillips nabanye oprofesa abayisithupha ukuba babhale izincazelo zenqubomgomo ngama-GMO. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi abasebenzi baseMonsanto izihloko eziphakanyisiwe nezinhlaka amaphepha, kuhlelwe umsebenzi kaPhillips, wahlanganyela nenkampani ye-PR, futhi wahlela ukuba kukhishwe amaphepha futhi iphakanyiswe nge Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project iwebhusayithi, okwenziwe akukhulunywa yendima kaMonsanto. UPhillips utshele i-CBC akakaze athathe inkokhelo kuMonsanto futhi ume ngemuva kwanoma yikuphi ukubhala negama lakhe.

Ngo-2015, uPhillips bameme abasebenzi baseMonsanto, izimboni ezibalulekile ze-PR, khetha abasebenzi be-faculty nabaseyunivesithi ku "Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know" e-U of S ukuxoxa ngenkululeko yemithetho yolwazi kanye nemithelela yokubambisana kwezimboni nezifundo. Uhlu lwezimemo lwakhiwe ngo ukubonisana no UCami Ryan waseMonsanto. Umcimbi uvaliwe emphakathini kanti inyuvesi yenqabile ukukhipha imininingwane ngawo.

Ngo-2017, iqembu elizibiza nge-Academic Integrity Legal Group, elinamalungu obuhlakani nabanye abaxhumene no-U of S, lazama ukuthola lo mbhalo kodwa lathi “babhaliswa yinyuvesi.” Ukuphindaphinda okunzima, cishe I-85% yombhalo kumnyama, "khombisa ukufihla ngenhloso," i iqembu labhala esicelweni somphakathi okuqoqe amasiginesha angaphezu kuka-1,800 XNUMX.

Ingxenye yombhalo obhalwe kabusha ovela ku- “Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know”

Icala lombhalo oqoshiwe libuyekezwe nguRon Kruzeniski, uKhomishani Wezokwaziswa Nobumfihlo waseSaskatchewan. NgoJuni 2018 Umbiko, uKruzeniski uthe inyuvesi ayisebenzisi ngendlela efanele umthetho wamarekhodi womphakathi futhi wancoma ukuthi kukhishwe ingxenye enkulu yombhalo. Inyuvesi yenqabile ukuyinikeza, nokwadala inselelo yezomthetho evela ku-D'Arcy Hande, umgcini wezinto zakudala osethathe umhlalaphansi e-U of S, egameni leqembu le-Academic Integrity. Inselelo yezomthetho, i-US Right to Know isize ukuyikhokhela, ayiphumelelanga, lapho inkantolo ikhiphe isinqumo sokuthi “kube nomthetho oyisisekelo wochungechunge olumise imfihlo.”

UHande uthe enkulumweni yakhe wathi lolu chungechunge lubonakale luyingxoxo engagunci mayelana nokuthi ungakulawula kanjani lokhu kulandisa, kunokuphendula izikhalazo, ngokusebenzisana nemboni yezibulala-zinambuzane nale nyuvesi. Ngenxa yokuthi u-U of S uxhaswe umphakathi, ukholwa wukuthi umphakathi unelungelo lokwazi ukuthi kuxoxwe ngani.

“Kufana neklabhu yabafana endala.”

Isinqumo senkantolo siyamayelana, kusho uHande, ngenxa yokugcizelela kwakho ukusetshenziswa kweChatham House Rule (an isivumelwano esingahlelekile esetshenziselwa ukusiza izingxoxo zamahhala zezihloko ezibucayi) njengesizathu sokuthi imininingwane kufanele ihlale iyimfihlo. "Ukuthi ijaji licabange ukuthi kufanelekile ukuthi inyuvesi kawonkewonke ihlangane nabamele imboni embonini yomphakathi ukuze bakhulume ngokukhululeka ngaphandle kwezidingo zokubeka obala ngaphansi komthetho iChatham House Rule, kuyethusa impela lokho," kusho uHande. “Kufana neklabhu yabafana endala.” 

Imibhalo

Umbhalo owenziwe kabusha we-U of S “Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know” 

Buyekeza Umbiko 298-2017 Ihhovisi Lokhomishani Wezokwaziswa Nobumfihlo Saskatchewan

Isikhalazo somphakathi esivela eQenjini Lezomthetho Lobuqotho

IGceke leNdlovukazi yaseNdlovukazi Isahlulelo, Hande vs U ka-S

Ama-imeyili ahlobene nochungechunge

Imema abalingani bezimboni ze-PR ku-U of S (Okthoba 2015). UPhillips uchaze inhloso yakhe yokuhlela uchungechunge mayelana nokuvakasha kuka UJon Entine (Iphrojekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo) futhi USolwazi Kevin Folta wase-University of Florida (abavikeli ababili abakhulu bama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane abasebenzisane kakhulu namaqembu ezimboni ngenkathi bethi bazimele). UPhillips ubhalele u-Entine noFolta: “Ngesikhathi ngizwa ukuthi nobabili nizobe senisedolobheni, kwabonakala kuyithuba elihle ukubiza isimpoziyamu encane yocwaningo ukuze kuxoxwe ngenhlangano ye-RTK [ilungelo lokwazi] kanye nomphumela wayo ongaba khona ekubambisaneni kwezimboni nezifundo. ”

Ingemuva, i-ajenda, abakhona (Novemba 2015). UPhillips uthumele i-imeyili i-Entine, i-Folta, abasebenzi ababili beMonsanto nabanye abachaza isidingo sokuhlangana ukuze kuxoxiswane ngokuhlolwa okwengeziwe kokubambisana kwezimboni nezifundo. Amagama iningi labamenyiwe nababekhona okungewona u-U we-S acishiwe.

IMonsanto iphakamisa abamenyiwe (Novemba 2015). UCami Ryan weMonsanto wenze iziphakamiso zohlu lwezimemo.

Ama-imeyili aphathelene namaphepha e-Monsanto / Genetic Literacy Project 

IMonsanto yabelwa amaphepha (Agasti 2013). U-Eric Sachs waseMonsanto ubhalele iqembu losolwazi okubandakanya uPhillips, “Sengiqale umsebenzi obalulekile wokukhiqiza uchungechunge lwemibhalo emifushane yenqubomgomo ngezihloko ezibalulekile enkundleni yezolimo ye-biotechnology… izihloko zikhethwe ngenxa yethonya lazo kumgomo womphakathi, isivuno seGM umthetho nokwamukelwa kwabathengi. ” Ucele uPhillips ukuthi abhale ngokuthi "umthetho osindayo" wama-GMO "uvimba kanjani lokhu okusha… okubalulekile ekusizeni ukwesekwa kokudla emhlabeni jikelele."

Isicelo esiphuthumayo sikaMonsanto sokuqhubekela phambili (Septhemba 9, 2014). AbakwaSachs bathumele i-imeyili kuPhillips ukumnxusa ukuthi abuyekeze ukuhlela okuphakanyisiwe ephepheni lakhe. "Le projekthi isendleleni enamandla manje," kubhala uSachs. Uchaze isu "lokuxhumanisa 'imibono' yomlobi kusuka kulolu chungechunge lwamafushane empikiswaneni ngezitshalo ze-GM nokudla esikholwa ukuthi kuzodalwa emasontweni azayo ngumbiko omusha wePhaneli yeNRC ngezitshalo ze-GM. Ngesonto elizayo kungokokuqala ngqa kokulalelwa kwezimvo zomphakathi e-US NAS [National Academy of Sciences] eWashington futhi kuzobonakala ukuthi ngubani ongomunye wabagxeki bezitshalo ze-GM abazofakaza. ” AbakwaSachs baqaphele ukuthi iGenetic Literacy Project “manje iyisikhungo esiyinhloko” samaphepha futhi “ibisakha uhlelo lokuthengisa” ngosizo lwenkampani yePR.

IMonsanto iphakamise ukuhlela (Septhemba 18, 2014). UPhillips uxoxe ngenqubekela phambili yakhe efaka ukuhlelwa kanye nezinguquko ezisuka kuCons Ryan kaMonsanto kumbhalo wakhe wenqubomgomo.

I-PR firm yabela amashejuli (Agasti 2013). UBeth Ann Mumford we-CMA Consulting, inkampani ye-PR esebenza noMonsanto, uxoxe ngamashejuli nezinsuku zokugcina neziprofesa. (I-CMA, eseqanjwe kabusha igama Bheka eMpumalanga, iphethwe nguCharlie Arnot, oyi-CEO embonini yezokudla exhaswa ngemali spin group Isikhungo Sokuqina Kokudla.)

Akukho ukudalulwa kwendima kaMonsanto (Disemba 11, 2014). Iphepha lePhillips, elinesihloko esithi "Imiphumela Yezomnotho Yemithethonqubo Yezilimo Zezakhi Zomzimba" lishicilelwa yi-Genetic Literacy Project kungadalulwa indima kaMonsanto.

Uxhaso lwezinkampani

Yize uPhillips ethe akatholi mali eqondile ezinkampanini, ucwaningo lwakhe lubonakala luthola ukwesekwa okuthile kwezamabhizinisi. IGlobal Institute for Food Security (GIFS), a isikhungo sokucwaninga esixhaswe yi uHulumeni we ISaskatchewan, iNyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan neNutrien, inkampani kamanyolo, ibala iPhillips phakathi kwayo abacwaningi abaxhumene. Ngokusho kukaPhillips ikhasi lobuhlakani, imali yakhe yakamuva yocwaningo ihilela ukusebenzisana noStuart Smyth, usolwazi osebenza e-U of S ophethe iSihlalo Esicwaninga Ngezimboni Esikhokhelwa yi-Agri-Food Innovation. Lokho isikhundla sixhaswe ngu IBayer CropScience Canada, iCropLife Canada, iMonsanto Canada, iSaskatchewan Canola Development Commission kanye neSyngenta Canada.

Izimali zikaPhillips ziphawula ubudlelwano obubili neSmyth: $ 675,000 for a “IZIPHO-CSIP Strategic Partnership ”kanye“ nokuvuselela izimali zoMsebenzi Wokulondolozwa Kwesayensi Yezenhlalo njengengxenye Yezinhlelo Zokuklama Zokuphepha Kokudla Komhlaba Wonke, amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-37.5 ”avela eCanada First Research Excellence Fund Program (enebhajethi eyi- $ 1.31 million). Lesi sakamuva yi- iphrojekthi exhaswa ngumphakathi iyaqhubeka i-GIFS, ubambiswano lukahulumeni nezinkampani ezizimele ezibandakanya i-U of S, uhulumeni wasekhaya kanye nenkampani kamanyolo iNutrien (phambilini eyayiyiPotash Corp) ikhangisa imikhiqizo yayo njengoba kudingekile ekutholakaleni kokudla.

Imininingwane ehlobene  

  • Imboni yezolimo izibopho nokuxhaswa kukaStuart Smyth, Usihlalo Wocwaningo Oxhaswa Ngezimboni e-Agri-Food Innovation e-University of Saskatchewan, e-US Right to Know sheet sheet (6.1.20)
  • Boston Globe: UProfesa waseHarvard Wehlulekile Ukudalula Ukuxhumana KweMonsanto ku-Paper Touting GMOs, nguLaura Krantz
  • Umama Jones: Lawa ma-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uMonsanto uncike kothisha ukuze balwe nempi ye-GMO PR, nguTom Philpott
  • I-Bloomberg: I-Monsanto Yazihlanganisa Kanjani Izifundiswa Ukuba Zibhale Amaphepha Asekela Ama-GMO, kaJack Kaskey
  • Ingobo yomlando yemboni yamakhemikhali ye-UCSF iqukethe imibhalo engama-59 ebandakanya ukuxhumana kwePhillips nezimboni kanye nabalingani bemboni. Le mibhalo iyingxenye yomkhakha wezolimo iqoqo linikelwe ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi.

Quotes  

"Inyuvesi yethu akumele isebenze njengesiteshi sikasheleni yezinhloso zezinkampani futhi iphikisane nendelelo kaKhomishani Wezokwazisa Nobumfihlo esifundazweni… izincomo zayo eziphikisana nokuziqhenya okukhulu enkantolo."

Len Findlay, UProfesa Ohloniphekile U-Emeritus, U we-S (I-LTE, Isithungu)

Isinqumo senkantolo “siqinisa ukuvikelwa kwenkululeko yokufunda kanye nokuba ngasese. Inkululeko yokufunda ifaka amandla amalungu eyunivesithi yethu ukuthi aqhubeke nocwaningo nemibono - ngisho naleyo enempikiswano noma engathandeki - ngaphandle kokwesaba ukuphazanyiswa. ”

UKaren Chad, u-U we-S usekela-mongameli wocwaningo (Isithungu)

"Ngicabanga ukuthi iningi lezazi zokuziphatha zizoba nenkinga ngobudlelwano obuqinile [bukaPhillips] neMonsanto."

Umxhumanisi weSaskatoon uSteven Lewis, Umbhali osebenza naye ocashunwe kabanzi
I-athikili yeCanada Medical Association Journal mayelana
ubudlelwano beyunivesithi nezimboni (CBC)

“Ngishaqekile ngoba [ithonya lezinkampani emanyuvesi omphakathi] libonakala liba limbi ngokwengeziwe. Kunenkinga yangempela lapha. ”

U-profesa wezemfundo ka-S uWoward Woodhouse,
umbhali we Ukuthengisa: Inkululeko Yezemfundo kanye Nemakethe Yenkampani (CBC)

“Sikhuthaza ubuhlakani bethu ukuthi bahumushele ulwazi lwabo ezinkundleni zemigomo. Yilokho kanye uProf. Phillips akwenzile. ”

UJeremy Rayner, owayengumqondisi, uJohnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy (CBC)

Umkhankaso weMonsanto Wokulwa Nathi Ilungelo Lokwazi: Funda Amadokhumenti

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Sisize ukuqhubeka nokumba amadokhumenti izinkampani ezinkulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni zezibulala-zinambuzane kanye ne-biotech ezingafuni ukuthi ubone nge umnikelo odonselwa intela.

Imibhalo yangaphakathi ekhishwe ngo-Agasti 2019 inikeza ukubukeka okungajwayelekile kwimishini yezobudlelwano bomphakathi eMonsanto, nokuthi inkampani izame kanjani ukuqukethe uphenyo olwenziwe yi-US Right to Know ebudlelwaneni bayo nezifundiswa kanye namanyuvesi aphezulu. USRTK, iqembu labaphenyi, lenze izicelo eziningi zamarekhodi omphakathi emanyuvesi nakwizifundiswa ezikhokhelwa ngabakhokhi bentela kusukela ngonyaka wezi-2015, okuholele ekudalweni ngokusebenzisana komkhakha oyimfihlo.

Imibhalo yeMonsanto ithunyelwe lapha futhi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana ne- okutholwe uphenyo lwe-USRTK lapha

Le mibhalo iveze ukuthi uMonsanto ukhathazekile, “uhlelo luka-USRTK luzoba nomthelela kuyo yonke imboni” futhi “lunamandla okulimaza kakhulu.” Ngakho-ke bathumele abasebenzi be-11 Monsanto, amafemu amabili e-PR, Izimpendulo ze-GMO futhi wabandakanya inkampani ephambili emhlabeni yokubulala izinambuzane ezinhlelweni zokudicilela phansi le nzuzo encane.

IMonsanto iphinde yamukela isu lokulwa nokubikwa kukaCarey Gillam naye incwadi yokuphenya mayelana nebhizinisi lenkampani yokubulala ukhula. UGillam ungumqondisi wezocwaningo e-USRTK. IMonsanto yayine- Isipredishithi se-'Carey Gillam Book ', enezenzo ezingaphezu kwezingu-20 ezinikelwe ekuphikiseni incwadi yakhe ngaphambi kokushicilelwa. Le nkampani ize yaphenya nangomculi uNeil Young. Bona ukumbozwa:

Uhlelo lukaMonsanto lokwehlisa isithunzi i-USRTK: imibhalo yangaphakathi, izingqikithi ezisemqoka 

UMonsanto wayekhathazeke kakhulu ngophenyo lwe-FOIA lomqondisi we-USRTK Co, futhi waba nohlelo olunzulu lokulwa nalo. 

IMonsanto ibikhathazekile ngokuthi ama-FOIA azovumbulula ithonya lawo enqubweni yokulawula nenqubomgomo, ukukhokhelwa kwabafundi kanye namanyuvesi abo, kanye nokusebenzisana nezifundiswa ukuxhasa izinhloso zobudlelwano bomphakathi nomkhakha. IMonsanto ifuna ukuvikela isithunzi sayo "nenkululeko yokusebenza," futhi "ibeke" uphenyo "njengokuhlasela ubuqotho besayensi kanye nenkululeko yokufunda."

  • "Uhlelo luka-USRTK luzoba nomthelela kuyo yonke imboni, futhi kuzodingeka ukuthi sisebenzisane kahle ne-BIO ne-CBI / GMOA kulo lonke uhlelo lokuhlela kanye nakunoma yiziphi izimpendulo ekugcineni," ngokusho kukaMonsanto "Uhlelo lwe-US Right to Know FOIA Communications Plan”Yangomhla ka-25 Julayi 2019. I-BIO yinhlangano yezokuhweba embonini ye-biotech futhi Umkhandlu Wezokwazisa nge-Biotechnology / Izimpendulo ze-GMO wuhlelo lokumaketha lokukhuthaza ama-GMO aphethwe yinkampani yakwaKetchum PR futhi axhaswe yizinkampani ezinkulu kakhulu zezolimo - iBASF, iBayer (manje esengumnikazi weMonsanto), iCorteva (isigaba seDowDuPont) neSyngenta.

Izinkampani zibeke izimpendulo zeGMO njengohlelo lokusebenzela obala ukuphendula imibuzo mayelana nama-GMO ngamazwi "ochwepheshe abazimele," noma kunjalo imibhalo echazwe lapha, kanye uhlelo olukhishwe ngaphambilini lweMonsanto PR, ziphakamisa ukuthi iMonsanto ithembele kwizimpendulo ze-GMO njengemoto yokuphusha imiyalezo yenkampani.

Kusuka ekhasini 2, “IMonsanto Company Confidential… Uhlelo lwe-US Right to Know FOIA Communications Plan"

  • "Noma isiphi isimo esihlobene nalolu daba sinamandla okulimaza ngokweqile, noma ngabe ulwazi lungabonakala lubi kanjani," ngokwe-GMO Answers Communications Plan kulo mbhalo (ikhasi 23).

  • "* Isimo esibi kunazo zonke *": "I-imeyili ekhangayo ikhombisa ukuthi kungaba yini isibhamu sokubhema embonini (isib.

  • Uhlelo lolo lwadinga ukuqala “izingcingo eziphuthumayo” nekomidi eliqondisa izimpendulo ze-GMO uma ukufinyelela / ukukhuphuka kwakubucayi ngokwanele. (ikhasi 23)
  • Kwezinye izimo, abasebenzi baseMonsanto babelindele ukufinyelela kumadokhumenti ngaphambi kwe-US Right to Know, noma ngabe i-USRTK icela imibhalo nge-state FOI. Ngezicelo ze-UC Davis: "Sizoba nombono wangaphambi kokukhishwa kwemibhalo". (ikhasi 3)
  • Abasebenzi beMonsanto abali-11 abavela eminyangweni emi-5; Abasebenzi ababili beqembu lezokuhweba i-BIO kanye nesisebenzi esivela kwa-GMO Answers / Ketchum babalwe njengo "othintana nabo abalulekile" kulolu hlelo (ikhasi 4). Abasebenzi ababili bakwaFleishmanHillard babambe iqhaza ekuhlanganiseni lolu hlelo (bheka i-imeyili ye-ajenda).

UMonsanto naye wayekhathazekile ngencwadi kaCarey Gillam futhi wazama ukuyidelela.

Imibhalo eminingi esanda kukhishwa ihlobene nemizamo kaMonsanto yokulwa nokubikwa kukaCarey Gillam nencwadi yakhe ephenya ibhizinisi lenkampani yokubulala ukhula: “I-Whitewash: Indaba Yombulali Wokhula, Umdlavuza Nenkohlakalo Yesayensi”(I-Island Press, 2017). UGillam wayeyintatheli yeReuters futhi esengumqondisi wezocwaningo wase-US Right to Know.

Le mibhalo ifaka iMonsanto  Ikhasi lama-20 "Isu Lokulawulwa Kwezinkinga / Isu Lokuxhumana" Incwadi kaGillam, enabasebenzi abayisishiyagalombili baseMonsanto ababelwe ukulungiselela ukukhishwa kwencwadi kaGillam ngo-Okthoba 2017. Isu kwakungukuthi "kuncishiswe ukusakazwa kwabezindaba nokwaziswa kwale ncwadi kuleli hlobo / ekwindla ngokukhomba" kumaqiniso "maqondana nokulima…" 

An Ispredishithi se-Excel esinesihloko esithi “Project Spruce: Carey Gillam Book” ichaza izinto zezenzo ezingama-20, nezinhlelo ezibandakanya ukubekwa okukhokhelwayo kokuthunyelwe okuzovela ku-Google ngosesho lwe- "Monsanto glyphosate Carey Gillam," okwenza ukubuyekezwa kwezincwadi okungekuhle, nezinhlelo "zokubandakanya iziphathimandla ezilawulayo" kanye ne "Pro-Science Third Parties," kufaka phakathi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi, Isayensi Yezindaba Yezindaba, i-Global Farmer Network kanye ne- "Campaign for Accuracy in Public Health Research," iphrojekthi ye-American Chemistry Council.

Le mibhalo yembula ubukhona besikhungo iMonsanto Corporate Engagement Fusion Centre. 

IMonsanto ihlele “Ukusebenzisana neFusion Center ukuqapha izakhiwo zedijithali ze-USRTK, ivolumu nemizwa ehlobene ne-USRTK / FOIA, kanye nokubandakanyeka kwezethameli.” (ikhasi 9) Ukuze uthole okwengeziwe ngezikhungo ezihlanganayo zokuhlangana, bona:

IMonsanto ibhekisa kaningi ekusebenzeni nabantu besithathu ukulwa ne-USRTK.

Abanye okukhulunywe ngabo ezinhlelweni zifaka:

Uhlu lwemibhalo olusanda kukhishwa

Umkhankaso kaMonsanto wokulwa nophenyo lwamarekhodi womphakathi e-US Right to Know

IMonsanto US Ilungelo Lokwazi Uhlelo Lwezokuxhumana lwe-FOIA 2019
Julayi 25, 2019: Icebo lecebo leMonsanto lamakhasi angama-31 lokulwa nophenyo lwe-FOIA. “Uhlelo luka-USRTK luzoba nomthelela kuyo yonke imboni…. Noma yisiphi isimo esihlobene nalolu daba sinamandla okulimaza ngokweqile… ”

I-ajenda yomhlangano weMonsanto USRTK FOIA
UMeyi 15, 2016: I-ajenda yomhlangano wokudingida ama-USRTK FOIA namaMonsanto ayisishiyagalombili kanye nabasebenzi ababili be-FTI Consulting.

IMonsanto Comprehensive USRTK FOIA Ukulungela kanye neReactive Plan 2016
Meyi 15, 2016: Uhlaka lwangaphambilini lwecebo leMonsanto lokubhekana nama-FOIA (amakhasi angama-35).

Impendulo yeMonsanto ku-athikili ye-FOIA
NgoFebhuwari 1, 2016: Abasebenzi baseMonsanto benza icebo lokuxhumana ukuze banikeze “umbono wonyawo ayi-10,000” wokuthi iMonsanto isebenza kanjani nososayensi bomkhakha womphakathi kanye / noma inikeza ngezimali ezinhlelweni zemikhakha yomphakathi - kepha hhayi imininingwane yokuthi imaphi amanyuvesi abawakhokhelayo noma malini. Uhlelo luphendule endabeni uCarey Gillam ubhalele i-USRTK, ngokuya ngemibhalo etholwe yi-FOIA, ebika ngemali engadalulwanga yeMonsanto ku-University of Illinois uSolwazi Bruce Chassy.

Ulimi olubi I-AgBioChatter Biofortified boys

  • Septhemba 2015: Ingxoxo ngolimi "olubi" olusetshenziswa ngabamele imboni ukuxhumana nezifundiswa nokuthi ngabe I-AgBioChatter, uhlu olusebenzela izifundiswa kanye nezimboni, bekuyimfihlo noma kuyimfihlo. UKarl Haro von Mogel we Iqembu lephromoshini le-GMO iBiofortified weluleke amalungu e-AgBioChatter ukuthi athathe “Ukuhlanzwa KweRuskin” yama-imeyili abo angasese ukuvimbela ukudalulwa okulimazayo nge-FOIA.
  • UBruce Chassy wabelane nohlu lwe-AgBioChatter izimpendulo zakhe kohlola uMama Jones (“Ngihlela ukuphendula ngaphandle kokunikeza imininingwane eceliwe”) kanye nezincwadi azibhalele uCarey Gillam ephendula imibuzo ayibhekise kuReuters mayelana nobudlelwano bemboni yakhe.

Izinhlelo zikaMonsanto zokudicilela phansi incwadi kaCarey Gillam

"Isu leMonsanto Company Confidential Issues Management / Communication Strategy" yeNcwadi kaCarey Gillam (ngo-Okthoba 2017)

“I-Project Spruce: Carey Gillam Book” i-Excel enezinto ezingama-20 (Septemba 11, 2017)

Abasebenzi beMonsanto ne-FTI Consulting baxoxa ngohlelo lokwenziwa kweGillam (Septemba 11, 2017)

Izinhlelo zeMonsanto zokulungiselela ividiyo zencwadi kaGillam

IMonsanto ibuyisela emuva kubahleli beReuters
Okthoba 1, 2015: I-imeyili evela kuSam Murphey weMonsanto: “Siyaqhubeka nokubuyisela emuva kubahleli bakhe ngokuqinile kakhulu ngawo wonke amathuba esiwatholayo. Futhi sonke sinethemba lokuthi ngosuku azonikezwa ngalo omunye umsebenzi. ”

I-Roundup “Ukuphathwa Kwegama”

Ukuphathwa Kwegama kweRoundup 2014
NgoFebhuwari 2014: “Isifinyezo Sezikhathi Zokulawulwa Kwe-L & G, eLyon Feb. 2014” iPower Point, enezilayidi ezichaza ukuthi yini "esifuna ukwaziwa ngayo / esifuna ukugwema ukuxhunyaniswa nayo," nokuthi yini edingekayo ukunqoba impikiswano ngokuphepha kwe-glyphosate .  "Umbuzo… ngabe silawula nje futhi sibambezela ukwehla (njengogwayi)?"

Isilayidi sokuphathwa kwedumela le-Roundup 2014:

Ingemuva kophenyo lwe-US Right to Know

I-US Right to Know iyiqembu lokucwaninga elingenzi nzuzo eligxile embonini yezokudla. Kusukela ngo-2015, sithole amakhulu ezinkulungwane zamakhasi emibhalo yezinkampani nezomthetho ngeFreedom of Information Act (FOIA), izicelo zezwe laseMelika nezamazwe omhlaba, kanye nabashayi bezimpimpi. Le mibhalo ikhanyisa ukuthi izinkampani zokudla nezolimo zisebenza kanjani ekusithekeni nezifundiswa namanyuvesi axhaswe esidlangalaleni, amaqembu aphambili, ama-ejensi alawula umthetho kanye nabanye ababambisene nabo abavela eceleni ukukhuthaza imikhiqizo yabo nokunxenxa ukwenziwa komthetho.

Ukusabalala kwezindaba okususelwa kwimibhalo evela kuphenyo lomqondisi we-USRTK Co-Gary Ruskin ngomkhakha wezolimo:

    • New York Times: Imboni Yezokudla Ibhalise Izifundiswa ku-GMO Lobbying War, Ama-imeyili Show, ngu-Eric Lipton
    • Boston Globe: Uprofesa waseHarvard Wehlulekile Ukudalula Ukuxhumana, nguLaura Krantz
    • Umqaphi: Iphaneli le-UN / WHO ku-Conflict of Interest Row over Glyphosate Cancer Risk, ngu-Arthur Neslen
    • CBC: University of Saskatchewan Prof Under Fire for Monsanto Ties, nguJason Warick
    • CBC: U ka-S uvikela izibopho zika-Prof's Monsanto, kodwa ezinye zeFakhalthi azivumelani, nguJason Warick
    • Umama Jones: Lawa ma-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uMonsanto uncike kothisha ukuze balwe nempi ye-GMO PR, nguTom Philpott
    • Izindaba Zomhlaba Wonke: Imibhalo Idalula I-Canadian Teenager Target ye-GMO Lobby, ebhalwe ngu-Allison Vuchnich
    • Okwezwe: La discrète influence de Monsanto, nguStéphane Foucart.
    • Okuqhubekayo: Ukuhlwanyela ama-GMO: Imboni ye-Biotech ilima kanjani imithombo yezindaba efanelekile - futhi iyakudambisa ukugxekwa, nguPaul Thacker
    • Inkululeko Yesisekelo Sezindaba: Ukuthi izinkampani zikucindezela kanjani ukudalulwa kwamarekhodi omphakathi mayelana nawo, nguCamille Fassett
    • WBEZ: Kungani Uprofesa wase-Illinois Engadalulanga Uxhaso Lwe-GMO ?, nguMonica Eng
    • I-Saskatoon Star Phoenix: Imibuzo Yeqembu U ye-S Prof's Monsanto Link, kaJason Warick

Ngeminye imininingwane ngemibhalo yase-US Right to Know, bheka eyethu ikhasi lokuphenya, izibonelo ze izindaba zomhlaba wonke futhi amaphepha ezifundo ngokuya ngemibhalo. Imibhalo eminingi ithunyelwe mahhala, iyasesheka Umtapo Wezincwadi Wezimboni ze-UCSF.

Nikela ku-USRTK ukusisiza sandise uphenyo lwethu futhi siqhubeke sikulethela lolu lwazi olubalulekile mayelana nohlelo lwethu lokudla. USRTK.org/donate

Okutholakele Okuphezulu Kophenyo Lungelo Lokwazi I-US

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

I-US Right to Know, iqembu labaphenyi elingenzi nzuzo, lithole amakhulu ezinkulungwane zamakhasi emibhalo eveza - okokuqala - ukuthi izinkampani zokudla kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane zisebenza kanjani ekusithekeleni izikhungo zesayensi, zemfundo, nezepolitiki nezokulawula zezwe lethu. Eminingi yale mibhalo manje seyithunyelwe ezinqolobaneni zemibhalo zomkhakha zamahhala, eziseshekayo eziphethwe yiYunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eSan Francisco. Bona i- Ukuqoqwa Kwemboni Yezolimo ye-USRTK futhi Ukuqoqwa Kwemboni Yezokudla.

I-US Right to Know ihlinzeka ngemibhalo mahhala kuzintatheli, abacwaningi, abenzi bomgomo kanye nomphakathi emhlabeni jikelele. Umsebenzi wethu ube nomthelela ekuphenyweni okubili kwekhasi lokuqala leNew York Times; ama-athikili ayisithupha kwi-BMJ, elinye lamajenali ezokwelapha ahamba phambili emhlabeni, nezindaba eziningi kwezinye izindawo zokuhweba nasezincwadini eziphambili. Ukubika kwethu uqobo kushicilelwe kumagazini i-Guardian ne-Time, phakathi kwezinye izindawo. Bona amaphuzu avelele ngezansi. Ukuthola uhlu olugcwele lomsebenzi wethu wokuphenya nokubika ngawo, bheka ikhasi lethu lokuphenya.

New York Times: Imboni Yezokudla Ibhalise Izifundiswa ku-GMO Lobbying War, Ama-imeyili Show, ngu-Eric Lipton

I-New York Times: INhloko entsha ye-CDC uSaw Coca-Cola njengo-Ally ku-Obesity Fight, kaSheila Kaplan

New York Times: I-Shadowy Industry Group Shapes Food Policy Around the World, ebhalwe ngu-Andrew Jacobs

I-New York Times: Ososayensi, Nikela ngama-imeyili akho, nguPaul Thacker

New York Times: Iminonjana ye-Herbicide Engqubuzanayo Itholakala ku-Ice Cream kaBen & Jerry, nguStephanie Strom

Washington Post: Ama-imeyili eCoca-Cola aveza ukuthi imboni yesoda izama kanjani ukuthonya izikhulu zezempilo, nguPaige Winfield Cunningham

BMJ: I-Coca-Cola nokukhuluphala: ucwaningo lukhombisa imizamo yokuthonya Izikhungo Zase-US Zokulawulwa Kwezifo, nguGareth Iocabucci

BMJ: I-International Life Sciences Institute ingummeli Wemboni Yezokudla Neziphuzo, Yithi Abaphenyi

BMJ: Izinkontileka zeCoca-Cola Zingayivumela ukuthi “Iqede” Ucwaningo Olungajabulisi, ngu-Elisabeth Mahase

BMJ: Ithonya likaCoca-Cola kwi-Medical and Science Journalists, nguPaul Thacker

BMJ: Ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo kubeka engcupheni umsebenzi wenhlangano yezempilo yomphakathi yase-US, kusho ososayensi, nguJeanne Lenzer

BMJ: Inhlangano yezempilo yomphakathi yaseMelika imangalele ngokwehluleka ukukhipha ama-imeyili avela kwaCoca-Cola, nguMartha Rosenberg

ISIKHATHI: I-FDA Ukuqala Ukuhlola Amakhemikhali Ekudleni, nguCarey Gillam

ISIKHATHI: Ngiwine Icala Lomlando, Kodwa May May Not Live To See the Money, nguCarey Gillam

Isiqhingi Press: I-Whitewash: The Story of a Weed Killer, Cancer and the Corruption of Science, nguCarey Gillam

Boston Globe: UProfesa waseHarvard Wehlulekile Ukudalula Ukuxhumana KweMonsanto ku-Paper Touting GMOs, nguLaura Krantz

Umqaphi: Kwembulwa: kanjani 'isikhungo sezobunhloli' sikaMonsanto sakhomba izintatheli kanye nezishoshovu

The Guardian: ISayensi Institute Eyeluleke i-EU ne-UN 'Empeleni Industry Lobby Group', ebhalwe ngu-Arthur Neslen

The Guardian: I-Monsanto Iziphathela Kanjani Izintatheli Nezifundiswa, nguCarey Gillam

The Guardian: I-EPA Isetshenziselwa Ukusivikela. Izilingo zeMonsanto ziphakamisa ukuthi ayikwenzi lokho, nguNathan Donley noCarey Gillam

The Guardian: Ngubani Okhokhela Amacala kaMonsanto? Singa. NguCarey Gillam.

The Guardian: Weedkiller 'Iphakamisa Ubungozi be-Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma ngo-41%', nguCarey Gillam

The Guardian: 'Umhlaba Ubamelene Nabo': Isikhathi Esisha Samacala Okumangalelwa Komdlavuza Asongela UMonsanto, nguCarey Gillam

The Guardian: Ukuhlupheka Komuntu Omunye Kudalula Izimfihlo ZikaMonsanto Zomhlaba, nguCarey Gillam

The Guardian: Izimangalo Ezimangele Zecala Lezimanga I-Monsanto Efihliwe Umdlavuza Wengozi Weedkiller Eminyakeni Eyishumi, nguCarey Gillam

The GuardianImikhiqizo Weedkiller Inobuthi Ngaphezu Kokusebenza Kwayo Okusebenzayos, nguCarey Gillam

The Guardian: Weedkiller Kutholakala eGranola naseCrackers, i-Internal FDA Email Show, nguCarey Gillam

The Guardian: IMonsanto ithi izibulala-zinambuzane zayo ziphephile. Manje, inkantolo ifuna ukubona ubufakazi, bukaCarey Gillam

The GuardianIphaneli le-UN / WHO ku-Conflict of Interest Row over Glyphosate Cancer Risk, ngu-Arthur Neslen

Umqaphi: Ngaphambi kokufunda olunye ucwaningo lwezempilo, hlola ukuthi ngubani oxhasa ucwaningo, ngo-Alison Moodie

Associated Press: Imibiko: Umkhawulo wemboni yokudla uthinta izindaba zezempilo zomphakathi, nguCandice Choi

Ijenali ye-Epidemiology kanye neMpilo YomphakathiIzinhlangano zezesayensi kanye 'nempi' kaCoca-Cola nomphakathi wezempilo womphakathi: imininingwane evela embhalweni wemboni yangaphakathi, ngu UPepita Barlow, UPaulo Serôdio, UGary Ruskin, Martin McKee futhi UDavid Stuckler

Milbank Ngekota: Ukuhlangana Komphakathi Okuyimfihlo: Izingxoxo Phakathi KweCoca-Cola ne-CDC. NguNason Maani Hessari, Gary Ruskin, Martin McKee noDavid Stuckler

Ijenali Yenqubomgomo Yezempilo Yomphakathi: "Funda njalo okushicilelwe okuncane": isifundo samacala oxhaso lwezokuhweba, ukudalulwa kanye nezivumelwano neCoca-Cola, nguSarah Steele, Gary Ruskin, Martin McKee noDavid Stuckler

Ijenali Yenqubomgomo Yezempilo Yomphakathi: Imibhalo yokutholwa kwamacala e-Roundup: imiphumela yezempilo yomphakathi kanye nokuziphatha kwephephabhuku, nguSheldon Krimsky noCarey Gillam

Ijenali Yenqubomgomo Yezempilo Yomphakathi: Ucwaningo lwama-imeyili lushintshana phakathi kweCoca-Cola nabaphenyi abayinhloko be-ISCOLE, nguDavid Stuckler, uGary Ruskin noMartin McKee

Ukusatshalaliswa Komhlaba kanye NezempiloNgabe izinhlangano ezisiza umphakathi ezixhasa ngemali zithuthukisa “izifundo ezenzelwe ukufundisa” noma “isayensi esekelwa ebufakazini”? Isifundo Esibucayi se-International Life Sciences Institute. NguSara Steele, uGary Ruskin, uLejla Sarjevic, uMartin McKee noDavid Stuckler

I-Biotechnology Yemvelo: Ukuma ngokusobala, nguStacy Malkan

I-Intercept: ITrump's New CDC Chief Championed Partnership neCoca-Cola to Solve Childhood Obesity, nguLee Fang

Los Angeles Times: Kwezesayensi, Landela Imali Uma Ungakwenza, nguPaul Thacker noCurt Furberg

San Francisco Chronicle: I-Major Brands Reverse Course kuma-Labels Modified Food Labels, kaTara Duggan

Undark: Isayensi Ehlanganisiwe Akufanele Ibe Yinqubomgomo Eqondisayo, ebhalwe nguCarey Gillam

WBEZ: Kungani Uprofesa wase-Illinois Engadalulanga Uxhaso Lwe-GMO ?, nguMonica Eng

Intando yeningi Manje: Imibhalo Yembula Izintatheli Ezicwaningisisiwe zeMonsanto, Izishoshovu Nomculi Womculo Ngisho NoNeil Young

ISan Diego Union TribuneU-UCSD uqasha umcwaningi wezempilo oxhaswe nguCoke, nguMorgan Cook

Bloomberg: Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi imboni yokudla iyisebenzisa kanjani 'isayensi' kuPush Soda, nguDeena Shanker

Bloomberg: I-Monsanto Yazihlanganisa Kanjani Izifundiswa Ukuba Zibhale Amaphepha Asekela Ama-GMO, kaJack Kaskey

CBC: University of Saskatchewan Prof Under Fire for Monsanto Ties, nguJason Warick

CBC: U ka-S uvikela izibopho zika-Prof's Monsanto, kodwa ezinye zeFakhalthi azivumelani, nguJason Warick

ABC Australia: Ukushintshaniswa Kwe-imeyili Okuvuza Kuveza Amaqhinga Wemboni Yokudla, nguLexi Metherell

I-ABC Australia: Amaphepha eMonsanto asakaza

Okwezwe: Phawula I-Coca-Cola a bafoué ses promesses de transparence dans les contrats de recherche, ngu-Stéphane Horel

Le Monde: Uchungechunge lweMonsanto Papers, nguStéphane Foucart noStéphane Horel

The Nation: Ngabe iMonsanto Yabunaka Ubufakazi Obuxhumanisa Umbulali Wokhula Nomdlavuza? nguRene Ebersole

Umama Jones: Lawa ma-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi uMonsanto uncike kothisha ukuze balwe nempi ye-GMO PR, nguTom Philpott

Político: ICoca-Cola ithole ukulawula ucwaningo lwezempilo ngenhloso yokuthola uxhaso, kusho iphephabhuku lezempilo nguJesse Chase-Lubitz

Okuqhubekayo: Ukuhlwanyela ama-GMO: Imboni ye-Biotech ilima kanjani imithombo yezindaba efanelekile - futhi iyakudambisa ukugxekwa, nguPaul Thacker

Inkululeko Yesisekelo Sezindaba: Ukuthi izinkampani zikucindezela kanjani ukudalulwa kwamarekhodi omphakathi mayelana nawo, nguCamille Fassett

I-Global News: Imibhalo Idalula I-Canadian Teenager Target ye-GMO Lobby, ebhalwe ngu-Allison Vuchnich

Forbes: Inethiwekhi yeCoca-Cola: Ukuxhunyaniswa kweMayini eSoda Giant nezikhulu kanye nososayensi ku-Wield Influence, nguRob Waters

STATI-Study ibuyisa ikhethini ezinkontilekeni eziphakathi kweCoca-Cola nabaphenyi elibakhokhelayo, ngu-Andrew Joseph

STAT: AbakwaDisney, Besaba iScandal, Bazama Ukushicilela Ijenali Ukuhoxisa Iphepha Lokucwaninga, nguSheila Kaplan

Izindaba Zezemvelo: Impi yeCoca cola nesayensi yezempilo yomphakathi ngokukhuluphala, nguGary Ruskin

Izindaba Zezemvelo: I-Essay: Ukubhalwa kwesipoki kukaMonsanto nokuqinisa izikhali kusongela isayensi yomsindo - nomphakathi, nguSheldon Krimsky

Salon: Abesifazane Ababili BaseCongress Bafuna Uphenyo Kubudlelwano beCDC noCoca-Cola, nguNicole Karlis

Impilo Yomphakathi Ebucayi: Izinkampani zokudla zibuthinta kanjani ubufakazi nombono - zisuka emlonyeni wehhashi, nguGary Sacks, uBoyd Swinburn, u-Adrian Cameron noGary Ruskin

I-TruthOut: Imibhalo Eyimfihlo Idalula Impi kaMonsanto Ngososayensi Bomdlavuza

Iposi likaHuffington: izindatshana zikaCarey Gillam

Huffington Post: izindatshana zikaStacy Malkan

Philadelphia obuzayo: Izinkontileka zocwaningo zikaCoca-Cola zivunyelwe ukuqeda imiphumela emibi yezempilo, okutholakele ocwaningweni, nguMari A. Shaefer

Umagazini i-Common Ground: Ingabe ukulungele ukuthola igagasi elisha lokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo? NguStacy Malkan

I-EcoWatch: izihloko ezibhalwe yi-US Ilungelo Lokwazi

Ralph Nader: IMonsanto nabagqugquzeli bayo kuqhathaniswa nenkululeko yolwazi

Gizmodo: I-Coca-Cola Inganqamula Izimali Zocwaningo Lwezempilo Izimali, Ukutholwa Kokuphenya, ngu-Ed Cara

Inverse: I-University Records Idalula Amandla KaCoca-Cola Amandla Akhulu Ngocwaningo Lwezempilo, nguPeter Hess

USRTK: Ukulandela ngomkhondo inethiwekhi yenkohliso yezimboni zezolimo

Ukwamukela izibuyekezo kuphenyo lwe-US Right to Know, unga ubhalisele iphephandaba lethu. Futhi ngicela ucabangele ukwenza umnikelo ukugcina uphenyo lwethu lupheka.

Imibhalo Eyimfihlo Idalula Impi kaMonsanto Ngososayensi Bomdlavuza

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

NguStacy Malkan (kubuyekezwe ngoMeyi 17, 2019)

UDeWayne Johnson, ubaba oneminyaka engama-46 obulawa yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, waba ngumuntu wokuqala ukubhekana IMonsanto ecaleni ngoJuni odlule ngenxa yezinsolo inkampani yafihla ubufakazi ngezingozi ezibangelwa umdlavuza ze-Roundup weedkiller yayo. Amajaji aselokhu abuya nawo ezintathu ngazwi linye izinqumo ukuthola ukuthi i-glyphosate-based Roundup herbicides iyimbangela enkulu yomdlavuza, futhi yalinganisa umonakalo omkhulu wokujeziswa kweBayer (manje esingeyaseMonsanto). Izinkulungwane eziningi zabantu zimangalele izinkantolo zombuso nezikahulumeni, kanye nemibhalo yezinkampani ephuma ezivivinyweni ikhanya kakhulu kumaqhinga anzima iMonsanto esetshenziselwa ukuphika ingozi yomdlavuza nokuvikela ikhemikhali elaliyi lynchpin yenzuzo yayo.

“IMonsanto kwakungumbhali waso wesipoki ngokubuyekezwa kokuphepha, ”kubika iBloomberg, kanye nesikhulu se-EPA kubikwa ukuthi wasiza uMonsanto “Bulala” ucwaningo lomdlavuza lwenye i-ejensi (lokho kuphuma, manje kuphelile qinisekisa isixhumanisi somdlavuza ku-glyphosate). An uphenyo olwawina imiklomelo eLe Monde Imininingwane yokuthi uMonsanto uzame kanjani “ukubhubhisa i-ejensi yomdlavuza yeZizwe Ezihlangene nganoma iyiphi indlela” ukusindisa i-glyphosate. Izindatshana zeJenali ezisuselwa ekubukezweni kombiko wemibhalo yokutholwa kwesilingo seRoundup ukuphazamiseka kwebhizinisi encwadini yesayensi kanye nenhlangano elawula umthetho, nezinye iziboneloukufaka ubuthi emthonjeni wesayensi. "

“Ukubhalwa kwesipoki kukaMonsanto nokuqinisa izikhali kusongela isayensi yomsindo nomphakathi, "Kubhala uSolwazi waseTufts University uSheldon Krimsky ngoJuni 2018. Uthe imibhalo etholakele," yembula ukuthunjwa kwesayensi okuyinkampani, okubeka impilo yomphakathi kanye nesisekelo sentando yeningi engcupheni. "

Kusukela lapho, njengoba sekuqhubeka izivivinyo, sekuvele eminye imibhalo mayelana ne ubukhulu bokukhohlisa kukaMonsanto kwenqubo yesayensi, izinhlaka zokulawula, nezimpikiswano zomphakathi. NgoMeyi 2019, izintatheli eFrance uthole imfihlo "Ifayela leMonsanto" eyenziwe yinkampani yezobudlelwano bomphakathi iFleishmanHillard ibala "inqwaba yolwazi" cishe izintatheli ezingama-200, osopolitiki, ososayensi nabanye ababonakala bengaba nomthelela empikiswaneni ye-glyphosate eFrance. Abashushisi eFrance bavule uphenyo lobugebengu futhi IBayer ithe iphenya inkampani yayo i-PR.

Le mpi yenkampani yesayensi inomthelela omkhulu kithi sonke, uma kubhekwa ukuthi uhhafu wabo bonke abesilisa e-US kanye nowesithathu kwabesifazane bazotholakala benomdlavuza esikhathini esithile sokuphila kwethu, ngokusho kwe I-National Cancer Institute.

Imibhalo imboni yokudla ayifuni ukuthi uyibone

Sekuyiminyaka, izimboni zokudla nezamakhemikhali zibheke ngqo kokuhlosiwe okukodwa emhlabeni wesayensi: i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), iqembu elizimele locwaningo elisebenze iminyaka engama-50 khomba izingozi zomdlavuza ukwazisa izinqubomgomo ezingavimbela umdlavuza.

“Kade ngilwa i-IARC unomphela !!! :) ”omunye usosayensi owayenguKraft Foods wabhalela owayengusosayensi waseSyngenta ku-imeyili itholwe ngesicelo samarekhodi esivulekile sombuso. “Ukudla ne-ag sekuvinjezelwe kusukela eGlyphosate ngoMashi 2015. Sonke kudingeka sihlangane ngandlela-thile siveze i-IARC, njengoba nina nenze ephepheni. Izinto eziza kuqala kakhulu yizo zonke izithako zokudla: i-aspartame, i-sucralose, i-iron yokudla, i-B-carotene, i-BPA, njll. I-IARC iyasibulala! ”

Isazi se-IARC isinqumo sephaneli ukuhlukanisa i-glyphosate ngokuthi “mhlawumbe ibanga umdlavuza kubantu” kudale indawo yokuhlangana yezitha zephaneli ukuqoqa amabutho. Umbhalo osemqoka weMonsanto okhishwe ngamacala wecala wembula uhlelo lokuhlaselwa: ihlazisa ososayensi abanomdlavuza ngosizo lwabalingani embonini yezokudla.

Uhlelo lukaMonsanto lokuxhumana nomphakathi unikeze abasebenzi abangu-20 bezinkampani ukulungiselela umbiko we-IARC we-carcinogenicity on glyphosate, ngezinhloso ezibandakanya "ukunciphisa umthelela," "ukubeka umbono womphakathi nge-IARC," "ukufinyelela komlawuli," "ukuqinisekisa i-MON POV" kanye "nokubandakanya izinhlangano zezimboni" "ekuthukutheleni. ”

Lo mbhalo ukhombe izigaba ezine "zabalingani bemboni" ukusiza ukuqhubekisela phambili izinhloso ezintathu ezishiwo ohlelweni lwe-PR: ukuvikela isithunzi se-Roundup, ukuvimbela izimangalo zomdlavuza "ezingenasisekelo" ekubeni umbono ovamile, kanye "nokuhlinzeka ngezembozo ezinhlanganweni ezilawulayo" ukuqhubeka nokuvumela ukusetshenziswa kwe-glyphosate.

Ukuthola inethiwekhi kaMonsanto "yabalingani bemboni"

The amaqembu abalingani bemboni uMonsanto uthephiwe ukwehlisa isithunzi ososayensi be-IARC babandakanya izinhlangano ezinkulu zokubulala izinambuzane kanye nezimboni zokudla; amaqembu e-spin axhaswa ngezimboni aziveza njengemithombo ezimele efana Izimpendulo ze-GMO futhi Umkhandlu Wemininingwane Yomhlaba Wokudla; futhi "isayensi-y" kuzwakala amaqembu angaphambili afana Umuzwa weSayensi, lo Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project futhi Ukubuyekezwa Kwezifundiswa - konke kusetshenziswa imilayezo efanayo futhi kuvame ukubhekiswa komunye nomunye njengemithombo.

Amadokhumenti atholiwe yi-US Right kuya Yazi uphenyo khanyisa ukuthi la maqembu abalingani asebenzisana kanjani ukukhuthaza i- "MON POV" mayelana nokuphepha kanye nesidingo semithi yokubulala izinambuzane kanye nama-GMO.

Iqoqo elilodwa lemibhalo lembula ukuthi izinkampani zikaMonsanto ze-PR zahlela kanjani “Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo” njengenkundla ezwakala ingathathi hlangothi lapho ingaqala khona ukuhlaselwa uhlu lwezitha, kufaka phakathi iSierra Club, umbhali uMichael Pollan, i-movie ethi Food, Inc. kanye ne- imboni yemvelo.

Abakhi bokubukeza kwezifundo - ababambisene nabo UBruce Chassy futhi UDavid Tribe, Isikhulu seMonsanto u-Eric Sachs, owayengumqondisi wezokuxhumana eMonsanto uJay Byrne, Futhi owayeyi-VP weqembu lokuhweba lomkhakha we-biotech iVal Giddings - wakhuluma obala in ama-imeyili maqondana nokusungula ukubuyekeza kwe-Academics njengeqembu eliphambili lokukhuthaza izintshisekelo zemboni nokuheha imali yemboni, ngenkathi kugcinwa izigxivizo zeminwe zenkampani zifihliwe.

I-imeyili evela ku-Eric Sachs, iMonsanto'sScience, Technology & Outreach Lead, iya kuBruce Chassy

Ngisho namanje ngebhuku labo lokudlala lidaluliwe - kanye nelabo imali eyisisekelo ikhonjisiwe njengoba ivela eqenjini lezentengiselwano elixhaswe ngabakwaMonsanto, iBayer, iBASF, iSyngenta neDowDuPont - i-Academics Review isafuna lokho iwebhusayithi ukwamukela iminikelo evela “emithonjeni okungeyona eyezinkampani” Ukubuyekezwa kwe-Academics kubuye kuthiwe "Ukubuyekezwa komdlavuza we-IARC glyphosate kwehluleka ezingxenyeni eziningi," ku okuthunyelwe itholwe yiwebhusayithi ye-PR exhaswa yimboni Izimpendulo ze-GMO, iqembu eliphambili elixhaswe yimboni Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo, kanye nendatshana yeForbes ngu Henry Miller lokho kwabhalwa isipoki nguMonsanto.

UMiller nabahleli be-Academics Review Chassy, ​​Tribe, Byrne, Sachs and Giddings are amalungu e-AgBioChatter, isithangami se-imeyili sangasese esivele ohlelweni lweMonsanto lwe-PR njengomlingani womkhakha wesi-2. Ama-imeyili avela kuhlu lwe-AgBioChatter ziphakamisa ukuthi yayisetshenziselwa ukuxhumanisa ababambisene nabo embonini emisebenzini yokunxenxa neyokuphromotha ukuvikela ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane. Amalungu afaka abasebenzi abaphezulu embonini yezolimo, abeluleki be-PR kanye nezifundiswa ezixhasa umkhakha, iningi labo elibhalela izinkundla zezindaba zomkhakha ezifana Izimpendulo ze-GMO futhi Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project, noma badlale izindima zobuholi kwamanye amaqembu abalingani beMonsanto.

I-Genetic Literacy Project, eholwa ngumkhakha osebenza isikhathi eside wamakhemikhali i-PR UJon Entine, futhi ibambisene ne-Academics Review ukwenza uchungechunge lwezingqungquthela ezixhaswe imboni yezolimo ukuqeqesha izintatheli nososayensi ukuthi ukukhuthaza kangcono ama-GMO kanye ne-pesticides baphikisane nokwehliswa kwabo emthethweni. Abahleli bebekhona abangathembeki ngemithombo yezimali zabo.

Lawa maqembu aziphonsa njengabaxazululi abathembekile besayensi njengoba besabalalisa imininingwane engamanga nezinga eliseduze nokuhlaselwa okushubile kwabososayensi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngengozi yomdlavuza ye-glyphosate.

Isibonelo esisemqoka singatholakala kuwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project, ebibhalwe ukuthi “yi-tier 2 industry partner” ohlelweni lukaMonsanto lwe-PR lokuvikela i-Roundup ekulweni nokukhathazeka komdlavuza okuvezwe yi-International Agency for Research on Cancer. Ukuseshwa kwe- "IARC" kuwebhusayithi ye-Genetic Literacy Project kuveza izindatshana ezingaphezu kwama-200, eziningi zazo ezihlasela ososayensi abaphakamise ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza ngokuthi "ama-anti-chemical enviros" "aqamba amanga" futhi "enza uzungu lokumelela kabi" izingozi zempilo glyphosate, futhi bephikisana nokuthi i-ejensi yomdlavuza yomhlaba wonke kufanele ibuyiselwe imali futhi iqedwe.

Izindatshana eziningi ezilwa ne-IARC ezifakwe ku-Genetic Literacy Project, noma eziqhutshwa abanye abasebenza embonini, ziyishaya indiva imibiko eminingi yezindaba ngokususelwa Amaphepha eMonsanto ukubhala ukungenelela kwezinkampani ocwaningweni lwesayensi, futhi esikhundleni salokho kuthuthukiswe izimangalo zezimboni zamakhemikhali ze-PR noma ze- izindaba ezingamanga a intatheli enobudlelwano obuhle noMonsanto. Impi yezepolitiki yokulwa ifinyelele yonke indlela eya eCapitol Hill, namaRiphabhulikhi e-DRM aholwa ngu Ummeli uLamar Smith efuna kuphenywe nokuzama uku ukugodla imali yase-US kusuka kunhlangano ehamba phambili yocwaningo lomdlavuza.

Ngubani ohlangothini lwesayensi?

Ukunxenxa nokuthumela imiyalezo kukaMonsanto ukudicilela phansi iphaneli yomdlavuza we-IARC kusekelwe empikiswaneni yokuthi ezinye izinhlaka ezisebenzisa ukuhlolwa okususelwa engcupheni zikhiphe i-glyphosate engcupheni yomdlavuza. Kepha njengoba imibiko yophenyo futhi iphephandaba izihloko ngokusekelwe ku Amaphepha eMonsanto bunemininingwane eminingi, ubufakazi bufaka ukuthi ukuhlolwa kokulawulwa kwezinhlekelele ku-glyphosate, okuthembele kakhulu ocwaningweni olunikezwa yimboni, kuyekethiswa ngokungadalulwanga ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo, ukuthembela kusayensi engabazisayo, izinto ezibhalwe ghost nezinye izindlela zokuqinisa izikhali ezinkampanini ezibeka impilo yomphakathi engcupheni, njengoProfesa waseTufts USheldon Krimsky wabhala.

“Ukuvikela ibhizinisi lesayensi, enye yezinsika zomphakathi wentando yeningi wanamuhla, ekulweni namandla angalenza isisebenzi sezimboni noma ezepolitiki, umphakathi wethu kumele usekele izikhubekiso phakathi kwesayensi yezemfundo kanye nemikhakha yezinkampani futhi ufundise ososayensi abasha futhi abahleli bephephabhuku ngemigomo yokuziphatha esezingeni lomsebenzi wabo, ”kubhala uKrimsky.

Abenzi benqubomgomo akumele bavumele isayensi ebumbene nenkampani ukuqondisa izinqumo mayelana nokuvinjelwa umdlavuza. Abezindaba kumele benze umbiko ongcono womsebenzi futhi babheke izingxabano zentshisekelo ngemuva kwesayensi yenkampani. Isikhathi sokuqeda impi yenkampani yesayensi yomdlavuza.

UStacy Malkan ungomunye wabaphathi beqembu labathengi I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi nombhali wencwadi ethi “Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry.”

Imibhalo ye-FDA FOIA Mayelana Nokuhlolwa Kwezinsalela zeGlyphosate

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ukuphathwa Kwezokudla Nezidakamizwa kuphendule izicelo ze-Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) zemininingwane mayelana nemizamo yayo yokuqala ukuhlola amasampula okudla ezinsalela ze-glyphosate kanye neminye imithi yokubulala ukhula, kufaka phakathi i-2,4-D.

Eminingi yale mibhalo ingatholakala ngezansi:

I-FDA FOIA 2017-7005

I-FDA FOIA 2017-7005 ingxenye 2

Amarekhodi Okuphendula Okugcina we-FDA (2017-7005) Ingxenye 3 (Yenziwe kabusha)

Okunamathiselwe kwe-FDA FOIA 2017-7005

Amarekhodi Aphendulayo we-CFSAN (2017-7005) Ingxenye Yesikhashana Yokuphendula (ama-imeyili abhalwe ama-OC-ORA abomvu) _Redacted (2)

Ukuhlaziywa kwe-FDA FOIA Izinhloso zokuhlaziya ukhula

Amarekhodi Aphendulayo weCFSAN (Aphindiwe) 2017-10178

Amaminithi Wokuhlangana we-FDA Pestag ngo-Ephreli 19, 2017

FDA Mashi 15, 2017 Amaminithi Wokuhlangana we-PesTAG

Amaminithi we-FDA wokushaya ucingo ngoFebhuwari 10, 2016

UDrew Kershen: I-Agrichemical Industry Front Group Ringleader

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

UDrew Kershen, uprofesa osaziwayo e-University of Oklahoma College of Law, ungumngane osondelene nomkhakha wezolimo. Uyaphikisana ukuhlukunyezwa zezitshalo nezilwane ezenziwe ngobunjiniyela kanye ngokumelene nokusobala. UKershen ubambe iqhaza elibalulekile emizamweni yokukhangisa exhaswa ngezimali embonini kanye namaqembu angaphambili alwela izintshisekelo zemboni. UKershen akayivezi imithombo yezimali.

Isibopho semboni yezolimo nobuholi beqembu langaphambili

Iphrojekthi ye-Genetic Literacy Project / Science Literacy Project

UKershen uyi ilungu lebhodi yeGenetic Literacy Project, iqembu eliphambili elibambisana neMonsanto ukwenza ubudlelwano bomphakathi ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, futhi hhayi ukudalula ngokunembile ukuxhaswa kwayo. Imibhalo iveze ukuthi i-Genetic Literacy Project:

UKershen futhi uyilungu lebhodi le- Iphrojekthi Yezesayensi Yokufunda, i-501 (c) (3) inhlangano yabazali ye-Genetic Literacy Project. Zombili ziqondiswa ngu UJon Entine, umlingani wesikhathi eside we-PR wemboni yamakhemikhali.

Ngokuvumelana ne Amarekhodi wentela ka-2015, UJon Entine kanye ne-Science Literacy Project bathathe izintambo zokulawula iStatistical Assessment Service (STATS), iqembu ebelikade lisebenzisana neCentre for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA) kanye Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project. Ukusebenza kwe-STATS kufakwe ku-Sense About Science USA, okuyi wabelana ngekheli elifanayo lerekhodi ngeProjekthi YeSayensi Yokufunda Nokubhala.

Abasunguli be-STATS, i-CMPA kanye ne-Sense About Science benze ubudlelwano bomphakathi basebenzela imboni kagwayi futhi la maqembu awawona amajaji azimele wesayensi, ngokusho kwe-2016 uphenyo kuThe Intercept.

Ngeminye imininingwane, bheka ama-USRTK emashidi eqiniso UJon Entine kanye neProjekthi Yokufunda Ngofuzo futhi Umuzwa Ngezesayensi / IZITATIMENDE.

UNobhala Wezifundo Zokubuyekeza Iqembu Langaphambili

UKershen wayengunobhala webhodi labaqondisi be-Academics Review, ngokusho kwalo Amarekhodi wentela ka-2016. Ukubuyekezwa Kwezemfundo bathi kwakuyiqembu elizimele, kodwa imibhalo etholwe yi-US Right to Know wembule ukuthi kwakuyiqembu langaphambili kusethwe ngosizo lweMonsanto ukuhlasela abagxeki bemboni yezolimo ngenkathi bebonakala bezimele.

UKershen wayengu- umbuyekezi ngombiko wango-2014 we-Academics Review owazama ukudicilela phansi imboni yezinto eziphilayo; i isitatimende sephephandaba ngombiko wathi kwakuwumsebenzi wezifundiswa ezizimele ngaphandle kokuphikisana kwezintshisekelo.

Amarekhodi entela akhombisa ukuthi umxhasi oyinhloko we-Academics Review kwakuyi-Council for Biotechnology Information, inhlangano engenzi nzuzo exhaswa futhi ephethwe yi-BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont, Monsanto neSyngenta. I-CBI inikeze isamba esingu- $ 600,000 ku-Academics Review ku 2014 futhi 2015-2016.

Kungani iForbes Isuse Ezinye Izindatshana ZaseKershen

IKershen babhala ngokuhlanganyela izindatshana eziningana ezisuswe yiForbes neProjusa Syndicate ngemuva kombhali wakhe, UHenry Miller, wabanjwa usebenzisa ikholomu ebhalwe ghost ngu-Monsanto njengomsebenzi wakhe eForbes. I- New York Times wembula ihlazo lokubhala ngezipoki ngo-2017.

UKershen noMiller nabo babhalele ndawonye izindatshana ze- Slate, Buyekeza National, lo Isikhungo seHoover futhi Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo (imboni exhaswa ngemali iqembu langaphambili) bephikisana nokufakwa amalebula nokulawulwa kokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo, ukuhlasela abagxeki bezimboni, nokubanga ukuthi "abampofu emhlabeni bahlupheka futhi bafa ngokungadingekile" ngenxa "yomthetho ongenazidingo ofunwa yizishoshovu."

Izimpendulo ze-GMO

UKershen uyi “Uchwepheshe wenxusa” Izimpendulo ze-GMO, a ukumaketha kanye newebhusayithi ye-PR ngokudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okuyi uxhaswe yizinkampani ezinkulu zezolimo nge-Council for Biotechnology Information, futhi ephethwe yi inkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi uKetchum.

Ungenele Ekubambeni Ngokusobala Icala Lokuvimbela Ukudalulwa Komphakathi

Imibhalo eminingana ebikwe kuleli qiniso, eveze obudlelwano obungadalulwanga phakathi kwezinhlangano namaqembu angaphambili, yaqala ukutholwa ngezicelo zeFreedom of Information ngu I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi. UKershen ungenelele ezinkantolo ezama ukumisa ukudalulwa okuqhubekayo, njengeFreedom of the Press Foundation kubika ngoFebhuwari 2018.

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngamaqembu angaphambili embonini yezokudla, bheka i- Ikhasi lokuphenya le-USRTK.

I-Broken FOIA Kude Nokuphulukiswa njengama-US Agent Cheat Public

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

EMelika, enye yemigomo eyisisekelo yentando yeningi yethu ukuthi uhulumeni wethu uyasisebenzela. Kufanele sibe no “hulumeni wabantu, wabantu, wabantu” njengoMongameli u-Abraham Lincoln ngenhlonipho wathi. Ukusiza ukuqinisekisa ukuthi umgomo uyalandelwa siyabona ukuthi ukufinyelela komphakathi elwazini mayelana nezenzo zikahulumeni kubaluleke kakhulu ekulondolozeni inkululeko yomuntu ngamunye neyenhlanganyelo.

Kepha kulo nyaka, njengoba sithatha ama-50th isikhumbuzo sokusayinwa koMthetho Wenkululeko Yolwazi (i-FOIA), ubufakazi obandayo bubonisa ukuthi iningi lezinhlangano zethu zombuso ziyasebenza ukucindezela le nkululeko ngokufihla ulwazi emphakathini ngokungafanele. NgoJuni, uMongameli Obama wasayina umthethosivivinywa mhlawumbe kuhloswe ngayo ukuqinisa i-FOIA. Kepha ngenkathi umthetho unikeza uhla lwezinguquko ezintsha zenqubo, izinhlinzeko azenzi okuncane ekuvimbeleni ukuqhubeka kokuhlukunyezwa okuvamile nezaba esizibonayo kuma-ejensi enqikaza ukuguqula imininingwane ngemisebenzi yabo.

Imizamo yokubalekela umthetho we-FOIA seyiyinsakavukela umchilo wesintu kangangokuba i-US Government Accountability Office ihlanganisa ithimba manje ukuze liqale ukucwaningwa okubanzi kokuthobela kwe-FOIA ezinhlanganweni zombuso. Ukubuyekezwa kwe-GAO kuzoqala kule nyanga, ngokusho kwe-GAO.

Uphenyo luza ekuphenduleni isiqondiso ekhishwe yiKomidi Lezendlu Lezokuqapha kanye Nezinguquko kuHulumeni kanye neKomidi Lezigele leZobulungiswa, izinhlangano zebandla ezingamele imisebenzi ye-FOIA. Futhi kuza ngemuva umbiko oqalekisayo wekomidi leNdlu elathola isiko legatsha eliphethe likahulumeni wesifundazwe "likhuthaza ukucatshangelwa okungekho emthethweni okuvumela ukugcinwa kwemfihlo lapho kuphendulwa izicelo ze-Freedom of Information Act." Ama-ejensi kufanele asebenze futhi aphendule abafake izicelo be-FOIA kungakapheli izinsuku ezingama-20 zokusebenza, kepha noma ngubani owenza izicelo ze-FOIA njalo uyazi ukuthi kungenzeka kube izinyanga, uma kungenjalo iminyaka, ngaphambi kokuba kukhiqizwe amarekhodi. Uma futhi lapho amarekhodi ephendulwa, imvamisa ahlehliswa kakhulu, okwenza kungabi nalutho. Ikomidi leNdlu elibhekele ezokwengamela laphinde lathola ukuthi izingcindezi zepolitiki zihlala zikhona, kanti imibhalo ibhekwa njengenenkinga noma ihlazo eligodliwe.

"Imfihlo ikhuthaza ukungathembani," kusho umbiko wekomidi.

Encwadini abayibhalele i-GAO, abaholi bekomidi lenhlangano bacaphune ukuhlaziywa kwe-Associated Press othole abantu abacele amarekhodi bathole amafayela ahlolwe noma cha nhlobo kumarekhodi angu-77 amaphesenti ezicelo ngonyaka odlule. Sekukonke, abaphathi baka-Obama bacubungule izinto abaziphendulile noma benqaba ngokuphelele ukufinyelela kuzo kumarekhodi angama-596,095.

Ukugcwalisa i-FOIA kulezi zinsuku kufana nokuwela ingilazi ebheke kokunye okungokoqobo lapho ukuhleleka nengqondo kungatholakali. IPro Publica, inhlangano yezentatheli ephenya ngokungenzi inzuzo, isanda kunikelwa i-litany yezibonelo wokunyathela uhlangothi lukahulumeni komthetho.

Futhi ngihlala ngicwile kwi-odyssey yami ekhungathekisayo ye-FOIA. NgoJanuwari, ngacela amarekhodi athile ku-Food and Drug Administration maqondana nohlelo lokuhlola ukuphepha kokudla i-ejensi eyenzayo ukukala izinsalela ze-pesticis ekudleni. Lapho ngibuza ngesimo sesicelo sami, ngemuva kwezinsuku zokusebenza ezingama-20 ezidlulile, i-ejensi yangitshela ukuthi ilinde uphiko lwayo lokuhlola izidakamizwa kanye nesikhungo salo somuthi wezilwane ukufuna amarekhodi. Imibhikisho yami yokuthi amarekhodi ngokusobala ayengagcinwanga ezidakamizweni ze-FDA noma emayunithi wezilwane ayingifikisanga ndawo. Ngemuva kwezinyanga ezimbalwa, i-FDA ivumile ukuthi isicelo kumele sinikezwe uphiko lwayo lokuphepha kokudla, kodwa-ke ngatshelwa ukuthi impendulo izobambezeleka ngoba kukhona "ukusilela emuva ngenxa yezinguquko zabasebenzi." Ngiphinde ngatshelwa ukuthi amanye amarekhodi kufanele asuswe ne-Environmental Protection Agency, kepha isikhulu se-FDA FOIA esinikezwe isicelo sami besingacaciswanga ukuthi sizodluliselwa kanjani. Kusukela lapho ngitshelwe ukuthi i-ejensi ithole amakhulu amarekhodi aphendulayo esicelweni sami, kepha konke engikutholile empeleni kuyizaba eziningi zezaba nokubambezeleka, kanye nedlanzana lamarekhodi anezingxenye ezimbalwa ezimnyama.

I-FDA ikhombe kaninginingi ukuxolelwa okudumile "(b) (5)", okuvumela ama-ejensi ukuthi enze kabusha imininingwane ayibona njengengxenye "yenqubo yokubonisana." Ikomidi leNdlu lithole ukuthi ukukhululwa (b) (5) kusetshenziswa kabi yizinhlangano zikahulumeni kaningi kangangoba kwaziwa ngokuthi "kukugodle ngoba ufuna" ukukhululwa.

Futhi akuzona nje izinhlangano zikahulumeni ezisebenza ukuvimba ukufinyelela komphakathi kulwazi okungelomphakathi. Amanyuvesi ethu amaningi asemphakathini atholakele enza okungahambisani nemithetho yamarekhodi evulekile yombuso. Inhlangano engiyisebenzelayo, iqembu lokukhuthaza abathengi I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi, ngenyanga edlule wafaka icala ngokumelene neYunivesithi yaseCalifornia-Davis ngemuva kokuthi inyuvesi yehluleke isikhathi esingaphezu konyaka nesigamu ukuvula amarekhodi omphakathi. Futhi, izikhulu zombuso eMichigan badalulwa ngonyaka odlule ukukhuthaza ukukhokhiswa kwemali eshisiwe njengendlela yokudikibalisa izicelo zamarekhodi. Nezikhulu zikahulumeni waseNorth Carolina bayamangalelwa okweqa umthetho wamarekhodi womphakathi kuleso simo, nangokubambezeleka nezimali ezingekho emthethweni.

Lezi akuzona izindaba ezingasho lutho. Imininingwane ibanjiwe mayelana nokuphepha kokudla kwethu namakhemikhali endaweni yethu, ezinhlelweni zezindlu kanye nokubolekiswa kwezindlu, ukwenganyelwa kwamabhange, isenzo samaphoyisa, ukukhathazeka ngamasiko nokulawulwa kwemingcele, izindaba zokhetho nokunye. Ngaphandle kolwazi oluyiqiniso ngokusebenza kukahulumeni, umphakathi awukwazi ukwenza izinqumo ezinolwazi ebhokisini lokuvota noma wazi ngisho nokuthi uyayeseka noma uyayiphikisa imigomo yomphakathi.

OwayenguMongameli uJimmy Carter uthe: “Esikhathini esiningi, ukwambulwa kweqiniso, noma kungemnandi, kuyazuzisa.”

Olunye uhlaka lomthetho omusha osayinwe ngalo uJuni ukwakhiwa kweChief FOIA Officers Council (CFO), iqembu lezikhulu ze-FOIA eziphathiswe ukuthuthukisa izincomo zokwandisa ukuthobela i-FOIA kanye nokusebenza ezinhlelweni ezizokwandisa ukubonakala. Iqembu liphethe i- umhlangano womphakathi Septhemba 15. Izintatheli nabanye abanentshisekelo bayakhuthazwa ukuba babe khona.

Kuyisinyathelo esincane esihle phambili. Kepha abaholi bethu eWashington bangenza, futhi kufanele, benze okuningi ukuqinisekisa ukuthi iqiniso ngohulumeni wethu akunzima kangako ukulithola.

(I-Article ivele ekuqaleni eThe Hill http://thehill.com/blogs/pundits-blog/healthcare/294192-how-freedom-falls-broken-foia-far-from-healing-as-us-agencies)

Ukuphenya Kwethu Ngokudla Okukhulu kanye Namaqembu Angaphambili

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ukuvuselelwa: Le bhulogi ivuselelwe ukufaka uhlu olusebenzayo lwe- izindaba zezindaba nokuphawula kudalwe uphenyo lwethu oluqhubekayo.

I-US Right to Know yenza uphenyo mayelana nokuhlanganiswa kwebetwUSRTK_FOIAIziceloI-AgroChemical_1een Ukudla Okukhulu, amaqembu angaphambili, kanye nobuchwepheshe benyuvesi nabasebenzi ukuletha imboni PR emphakathini. Lowo uphenyo luyaqhubeka. Kuze kube manje, kube nezithelo, njenganamuhla I-New York Times imibukiso.

The I-athikili ye-Times ixhumanisa nama-imeyili atholwe ngezicelo zombuso ze-Freedom of Information Act ezifakwe yi-US Right to Know. Lawa ma-imeyili aveza ukuthi iMonsanto nabalingani bayo basebenzisa kanjani ososayensi nabaprofesa abavela eceleni "abazimele" ukuletha imiyalezo yabo ye-PR. Njengoba izinkampani uqobo lwazo kungezona izithunywa ezinokwethenjelwa, zisebenzisa labo sosayensi kanye noprofesa njengodoli abangamasokisi ukwenza izindaba ezenziwa ngabezindaba ezindabeni zokudla, ikakhulukazi ama-GMO.

Le yingxenye esemqoka yecebo le-PR Lokudla Okukhulu. Izimboni zezolimo nezokudla ziyachitha omkhulu izibalo semali yokuqinisekisa umphakathi ukuthi ukudla kwabo, izitshalo, ama-GMO, izithasiselo nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane kuphephile, kuyathandeka futhi kunempilo.

I-US Right to Know ifake isicelo sombuso se-Freedom of Information Act sokuzama ukuthola ama-imeyili kanye nemibhalo yabasebenzi abangama-43 baseyunivesithi yomphakathi kanye nabasebenzi, ukufunda kabanzi ngalo mzamo wobudlelwano bomphakathi. Kuze kube manje, sesithole imibhalo kwezingu-XNUMX zalezi zicelo. Ngakho-ke, iningi lemibhalo kungenzeka lisazofika. Abanye bangafika ngesonto elizayo, abanye mhlawumbe bathathe unyaka noma ngaphezulu ukufika.

Sicele amarekhodi kososayensi, abezomnotho, osolwazi bezomthetho, ongoti bezokweluleka kanye nabaxhumanisi. Wonke umsebenzi usebenza ezikhungweni zikahulumeni, uxhaswe ngabakhokhi bentela. Sikholelwa ekutheni umphakathi ufanele ukwazi kabanzi ngokuhamba kwemali nezinga lokuxhumana phakathi kososayensi bamanyuvesi kawonkewonke kanye nezinye izifundiswa, kanye nezinkampani zezolimo nezokudla okugqugquzela izintshisekelo zazo.

Sinelungelo lokwazi ukuthi yini ekudleni kwethu, nokuthi izinkampani zizama kanjani ukuthonya imibono yethu ngakho. Kodwa-ke abanye bathola ukuveza obala kusongela kangangokuthi balinganisa imikhankaso yabathengi ngobushiqela ababi - njengakamuva Okuthunyelwe kuFacebook okuveze isithombe sami eceleni kwesikaStalin noHitler. Abanye bafanise umsebenzi wethu ne “ubuphekula"Nathi"amaphekula. "

Ukungafihli - nokubika okuphenyayo ngokudla kwethu - kungumongo walokho esikwenza lapha yi-US Right to Know.

Sikholelwa emazwini kaJames Madison, ngubani wabhala: “Uhulumeni odumile, ongenalo ulwazi oludumile, noma izindlela zokuwuthola, umane uyisandulela seFarce noma seNhlekelele; noma, mhlawumbe zombili. Ulwazi luyohlala lilawula ukungazi: Futhi abantu abaqonde ukuba ngababusi babo, kumele bazihlomise ngamandla olwazi olunikezwa wona. ”

Ekugcineni, igama elifushane mayelana noProfesa waseYunivesithi yaseFlorida uKevin Folta. Imiphumela ebaluleke kunazo zonke namuhla I-New York Times ziphathelene nemizamo ye-PR yeMonsanto kanye nemboni yezolimo. Kepha kufanele ukuthi uveze ukuthi uProfesa Folta wenqabe ephindelela - ngamanga - ukuba nobudlelwano neMonsanto noma ukwamukela izimali ezivela eMonsanto. Isibonelo, uProfesa Folta uthe:

UProfesa Folta ubuye naye wathi ngamanga akazange asebenzise umbhalo obhalelwe yena yi-PR eqinile iKetchum.

Okungcono kakhulu, lezi zinkulumo zikaSolwazi Folta ziyadukisa, futhi ezinye zazo azilona iqiniso. Kodwa-ke, njengoba ama-imeyili akhishwe namuhla embula, uFolta ubesondelene kakhulu neMonsanto kanye nenkampani ye-PR yomkhakha uKetchum, muva nje ithole isibonelelo esingavinjelwe esingu- $ 25,000 esivela eMonsanto, waze wabhalela nesikhulu seMonsanto, “Ngiyajabula ukusayina kunoma yini oyithandayo, noma ukubhala noma yini oyithandayo. ” (Bheka futhi uFebhu 2015 incwadi eya kuSolwazi Folta mayelana nezicelo zethu ze-FOIA.)

UProfesa Folta eceleni, kubalulekile futhi ukuqaphela ukuthi intshisekelo yethu yokwenza izinto obala ayiqondene nomuntu oyedwa noma abambalwa. Lokhu kumayelana nokuthi izinkampani ezinjengeMonsanto kanye namaqembu abo angaphambili zisebenzisa kanjani amanyuvesi ethu omphakathi kanye nososayensi kanye nezifundiswa abasebenza lapho njengamathuluzi wokuqhakambisa ama-ajenda abo kanye nenzuzo yabo.

Bona ikhasi lethu lokuphenya ngemininingwane esesikhathini ekutholeni kwethu

Imibhalo yezindaba ngophenyo lwethu

2017

Izindaba ze-CBC: University of Saskatchewan Kuvikela izibopho zikaProfessor Monsanto, Kodwa Ezinye Izikhundla Azivumelani

Izindaba ze-CBC: Inyuvesi yaseSaskatchewan Prof Under Under Fire for Monsanto Ties

BMJ: Ithonya likaCoca-Cola eliyimfihlo ezintathelini zezokwelapha nezesayensi

Ukukhishwa kwabezindaba kwe-USRTK: I-BMJ yembula imboni yezimali eyimfihlo yokubika, ngokuya ngemibhalo ye-USRTK  

Iposi likaHuffington: Omama bavezwa kuMonsanto Weed Killer Kusho Imiphumela Emibi Yezingane

Iposi likaHuffington: Izinhlelo ze-USDA Drops Zokuhlola Umbulali Wokhula waseMonsanto ekudleni 

Ishidi lamaqiniso le-USRTK: IGlyphosate: Ukukhathazeka Kwezempilo Mayelana Ne-Pesticide Esetshenziswa Kakhulu 

I-USRTK: I-MDL Monsanto Glyphosate Cancer Case Imibhalo Eyisihluthulelo Nokuhlaziywa 

Iposi likaHuffington: Umbulali Wokhula waseMonsanto Ufanelwe Ukuhlolisiswa Okujulile njengoba Ukuvezwa Kwezesayensi Kwembulwa

Isazi semvelo: 'I-Pro Science' i-GMO, AbaDali bamaKhemikhali abaxhaswe ngabaphikisi besayensi yezulu

I-USRTK: Amaqembu Ezintshisekelo Zomphakathi aya e-USA Namuhla: Ditch Columns by Corporate Front Group ACSH

I-USRTK: UJulie Kelly Upheka Inkulumo-ze Yomkhakha Wezolimo 

Iposi likaHuffington: Ingqondo kaMonsanto; Umshini we-Spin ku-High Gear 

I-USRTK: Imibuzo ngeMonsanto, i-EPA Collusion Ekhuliswe Ezimeni Zomdlavuza

I-USRTK: IMonsanto ne-EPA Bafuna Ukugcina Imfihlo Yezinkulumo Ekubuyekezweni Komdlavuza WeGlyphosate 

2016

IGquma: Ukuhlolisiswa Okubucayi Kwakudinga i-EPA Ifuna Ukufakwa Kuma-Cancer Ties kuMonsanto Herbicide 

I-USRTK: Ucwaningo Olusha: Izitshalo ze-GMO Bt Ziyahluleka

I-USRTK: ITrevor Butterworth Spins Isayensi Yezimboni 

I-USRTK: Idatha entsha yemithi yokubulala izinambuzane ekudleni iphakamisa imibuzo yokuphepha 

I-USRTK: I-FDA Imisa Ukuhlolwa KweGlyphosate Ekudleni 

Iposi likaHuffington: Izindaba Ezimbi Eziningi Ngoju Njengoba i-US Ifuna Ukutholwa Kuzinsalela ZeGlyphosate Ekudleni

Iposi likaHuffington: Ososayensi be-IARC Bavikela Isixhumanisi Somdlavuza WeGlyphosate; Kusimangazwe yi-Industry Assault 

BMJ: Ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo kubeka engcupheni inhloso ye-ejensi yezempilo yomphakathi yase-US, kusho ososayensi 

I-USRTK: Ososayensi abaphezulu e-CDC abakhononda ngethonya lenkampani, imikhuba emibi

Iposi likaHuffington: I-EPA Ikhothama Ekucindezelweni Kwemboni Yamakhemikhali Ekubuyekezweni KweGlyphosate

I-USRTK: Imihlangano ezayo ye-EPA Ekuhlolisweni Komdwebo WeGlyphosate

I-USRTK: Ukuhlolwa kwe-FDA kuqinisekisa i-Oatmeal, Ukudla Kwezingane Kuqukethe iMonsanto Weedkiller 

Iposi likaHuffington: I-FDA Ithola Umbulali Wokhula kaMonsanto e-US Honey 

Inkampani kaDavis: I-Watchdog Group Imangalela i-UCD Ngokucela Kwamarekhodi Omphakathi

Izindaba Nokubuyekezwa kweSacramento: I-Watchdog Group Isola ukuthi Osolwazi Abayisihlanu be-UCD Bakhokhelwa Ukuyokhokha Ama-GMO 

Inyosi yeSacramento: Iqembu leWatchdog Lifuna Ukuphoqa u-UC Davis ukuthi Aguqule Amarekhodi Omphakathi 

Político: I-UC Davis Imangalelwe Njengengxenye Yokuhlolwa Kwethonya Lezimboni 

IGquma: Kuyini Ukuqhubeka e-CDC? Izidingo Zesikhungo Sezempilo

Iposi likaHuffington: Izibopho ezingaphezulu zeCoca-Cola Zibonakala Ngaphakathi Izikhungo Zase-US Zokulawulwa Kwezifo 

Iposi likaHuffington: Ukuphuma Okusemthethweni kwe-CDC Ngemuva Kokuxhuma KweCoca-Cola Kuvele Ekukhanyeni 

Iposi likaHuffington: Imboni Yeziphuzo Ithola Umngane Ngaphakathi E-Ejensi Yezempilo yase-US

I-US RTK: I-ILSI Isebenzisa Umthelela Onesibindi Wezezimboni Zokudla Nezolimo

Iposi likaHuffington: Izigxivizo zeminwe zeMonsanto Zithole Konke Ukuhlaselwa Kwe-Organic Food 

Umlondolozi: Iphaneli le-UN / WHO ku-Conflict of Interest Row ngaphezulu kweGlyphosate Cancer Risk

I-Die Zeit: IGlyphosat: I-Möglicher Interessenskonflikt bei Pflanzenschutzmittel-Bewertung

Isonto Lokulima: Imibuzo Ephakanyisiwe Ngokuzimela KwePhaneli Elithole IGlyphosate Safe 

I-ARD: Isazi werfen Fachgremium Wirtschaftsnähe vor

I-US RTK: Ukushayisana Kwezintshisekelo Zokukhathazeka Kokubukeza Kwamafu Glyphosate

STAT Izindaba: IDisney, Isaba iScandal, Izama Ukucindezela IJenali Ukuhoxisa Iphepha Lokucwaninga

Okuphambene: Isifundo Sokudla KweDisney Parks Sikhombisa Izinkinga NgeSayensi Yenkampani, Hhayi Izinja Ezishisayo

UMarion Nestle: Indaba exakile yokuphawula kwami ​​okwamukelwe kepha okusazoshicilelwa ocwaningweni oluxhaswe ngeDisney kuyaqabuka

I-WBEZ: Kungani uSolwazi wase-Illinois Engazange Adalule Imali Yezimali ze-GMO

I-US RTK: Ukulandela Umzila We-imeyili: Indlela uProfesa Wenyuvesi Yomphakathi Ahlanganyele Ngayo Emkhankasweni Wenkampani PR

Iposi likaHuffington: IMedia Machine yeMonsanto Iza eWashington

Ingxoxo noCarey Gillam: Ukuhlwaya emuva ikhethini eMonsanto

Ukulunga Nokunemba ekubikeni: Umbhali Wekholomu Wokudla waseWashington Post Uya eBat eMonsanto - Nakulokhu futhi

2015

I-New York Times: Imboni Yezokudla Ibhalise Izifundiswa ku-GMO Lobbying War, Ama-imeyili Show

I-Boston Globe: UProfesa waseHarvard Wehlulekile Ukudalula Ukuxhumana KweMonsanto ku-Paper Touting GMOs

Umama Jones: Lawa ma-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto incike kothisha ukuze balwe nempi ye-GMO PR

I-Bloomberg: Izindlela Zokukhuthaza Izazi ZikaMonsanto Ukubhala Izindatshana Ezisekela Ama-GMO

Izindaba Zomhlaba Wonke: Imibhalo Idalula I-Teenager Target yaseCanada ye-GMO Lobby

I-BuzzFeed: Imali Yembewu: Ukuvuma Kweqiniso Kwesikhuthazi se-GMO

Okunye: I-Monsanto Yacela Kanjani Izifundiswa Ukuqinisa Inkulumo-ze Yabo ye-Pro-GMO

IHarvard Crimson: Uprofesa Wehlulekile Ukudalula Ukuxhumana NeNkampani Ngephepha

ISaskatoon Star Phoenix: Imibuzo Yeqembu U yeSixhumanisi sikaS prof Monsanto

I-Intercept: Umphathi Womkhankaso weJeb Bush Usize Umthetho Omkhulu We-Pharma Beat Back Anti-Meth Lab Law

Ukulunga Nokunemba ekubikeni: Ukubheja kwi-Food Beat: Ngabe Kungqubuzana Kwezintshisekelo Nini?

Ukuphawula ngenkululeko yolwazi nokudalulwa  

IGquma: Iwa Kanjani Inkululeko: I-Broken FOIA Ekude Nokuphulukiswa Njengezikhungo Zase-US Zikopela Komphakathi

I-Los Angeles Times: Kwezesayensi, Landela Imali - Uma Ungakwenza 

I-New York Times: Ososayensi, Nikela Nge-imeyili Yakho

I-Biotechnology Yemvelo: Ukumela Ukubonisa Okusobala

URalph Nader: IMonsanto nabagqugquzeli bayo kuqhathaniswa nenkululeko yolwazi

Ukufundwa Okwengeziwe

Ibhizinisi Le-Seedy: Yikuphi Ukudla Okukhulu Okucashile Ngomkhankaso Wayo we-PR osheshayo kuma-GMO

Incwadi Evulekile eya kuSolwazi Kevin Folta ngezicelo ze-FOIA

Ingemuva kuKetchum, inkampani ye-PR eqhuba Izimpendulo ze-GMO

Izimpendulo ze-GMO iyiwebhusayithi Yokumaketha ne-PR Yezinkampani ze-GMO

Ukudla okujikelezayo: AmaQhinga Angaphambi Kwemboni Yezokudla kanye Nokuxhumana Okuhlanganayo Ayakha Kanjani Indaba Yokudla

Umbiko omfushane we-USRTK: Izintatheli zehlulekile ukudalula uxhaso lwemithombo kusuka eMonsanto

Ingemuva kuJon Entine: I-Master Messenger Yezimboni Zamakhemikhali 

I-US Right to Know iyinhlangano engenzi nzuzo ephenya ubungozi obuhambisana nohlelo lokudla oluyinkampani, kanye nezinkambiso nomthelela wemboni yezokudla kwinqubomgomo yomphakathi. Sigqugquzela umgomo wemakethe yamahhala wokungafihli lutho - ezimakethe kanye nakwezepolitiki - njengokubaluleke kakhulu ekwakheni uhlelo lokudla olungcono, olunempilo.