Amaphepha amasha e-glyphosate akhomba "ekuphuthumeni" kocwaningo olwengeziwe ngomthelela wamakhemikhali empilweni yomuntu

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Amaphepha esayensi amasha asanda kushicilelwa akhombisa ubuningi bokutholakala kokhula olubulala ukhula i-glyphosate kanye nesidingo sokuqonda kangcono umthelela ovezwa umuthi wokubulala izinambuzane odumile ongahle ube nawo empilweni yomuntu, kubandakanya nempilo yegciwane le-microbiome.

In elinye lamaphepha amasha, Abaphenyi abavela eNyuvesi yaseTurku eFinland bathi bakwazile ukuthola, "ngokulinganisela okulindelekile," ukuthi cishe amaphesenti angama-54 ezinhlobo ezisengxenyeni ye-gut microbiome yomuntu "angazwela" ku-glyphosate. Abaphenyi bathi basebenzise indlela entsha ye-bioinformatics ukwenza okutholakele.

Nge "ingxenye enkulu" yamagciwane asesiswini i-microbiome esengozini ye-glyphosate, ukutholwa kwe-glyphosate "kungathinta kakhulu ukwakheka kwe-gut microbiome yomuntu," kusho ababhali ephepheni labo, elishicilelwe kule nyanga Ijenali Yezinto Eziyingozi.

Amagciwane asemathunjini omuntu afaka izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zamagciwane kanye nesikhunta futhi kukholelwa ukuthi kunomthelela ekusebenzeni komzimba kanye nezinye izinqubo ezibalulekile. Ama-microbiomes emathunjini angenampilo akholelwa ososayensi abathile ukuthi banikela ezinhlotsheni zezifo.

"Yize imininingwane yezinsalela ze-glyphosate ezinhlelweni zomgudu womuntu isashoda, imiphumela yethu iphakamisa ukuthi izinsalela ze-glyphosate zinciphisa ukwehluka kwamagciwane futhi zilinganise ukwakheka kwezinhlobo zamagciwane emathunjini," kusho ababhali. "Singacabanga ukuthi ukutholakala isikhathi eside ezinsaleleni ze-glyphosate kuholela ekubuseni kwamagciwane amelana nomphakathi wamagciwane."

Ukukhathazeka ngomthelela we-glyphosate kumgudu womuntu we-microbiome kusuka eqinisweni lokuthi i-glyphosate isebenza ngokukhomba i-enzyme eyaziwa njenge-5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS.) Le enzyme ibalulekile ekwakhiweni kwama-amino acid abalulekile.

“Ukuthola umthelela wangempela we-glyphosate ku-gut gut microbiota nakwezinye izinto eziphilayo, kudingeka izifundo ezengeziwe zokuveza izinsalela ze-glyphosate ekudleni, ukuthola imiphumela ye-glyphosate emsulwa nokwakhiwa kwezentengiselwano kuma-microbiomes nokuhlola ukuthi i-EPSPS yethu ingakanani izimpawu ze-amino acid zibikezela ukuthi amagciwane angabanjwa yi-glyphosate in vitro kanye nezimo zomhlaba wangempela, ”kuphetha ababhali bephepha elisha.

Ngaphezu kwabaphenyi abayisithupha abavela eFinland, omunye wababhali bephepha ubambisene nomnyango we-biochemistry kanye ne-biotechnology eRovira i Virgili University, eTarragona, eCatalonia, eSpain.

“Imiphumela yezempilo yomuntu ayinqunywa esifundweni sethu. Kodwa-ke, ngokuya ngocwaningo lwangaphambilini… siyazi ukuthi ushintsho ku-gut gut microbiome lungaxhunyaniswa nezifo eziningi, ”kusho umcwaningi wase-University of Turku uPere Puigbo enkulumweni abe nayo.

"Ngiyethemba ukuthi ucwaningo lwethu luvula umnyango wokuqhubeka nokuhlola, ku-in-vitro nasensimini, kanye nezifundo ezenzelwe inani labantu ukuze kukalwe umphumela ukusetshenziswa kwe-glyphosate okunayo kubantu nakwezinye izinto eziphilayo," kusho uPuigbo.

Kwethulwe ku-1974

I-Glyphosate isithako esisebenzayo kuma-Roundup herbicides kanye namakhulu eminye imikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula edayiswa emhlabeni jikelele. Yethulwa njengombulali wokhula nguMonsanto ngonyaka we-1974 futhi yakhula yaba umuthi wokubulala ukhula osetshenziswa kakhulu ngemuva kokwethulwa kukaMonsanto ngeminyaka yama-1990s yezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo ukubekezelela ikhemikhali. Izinsalela ze-glyphosate zivame ukutholakala ekudleni nasemanzini. Ngenxa yalokho, izinsalela zivame ukutholakala emchameni wabantu abavezwe ku-glyphosate ngokudla kanye / noma ngokufaka isicelo.

Abalawuli baseMelika kanye nomnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG bagcina ukuthi akukho ukukhathazeka kwezempilo yabantu ngokuvezwa kwe-glyphosate lapho imikhiqizo isetshenziswa njengoba kuhlosiwe, kufaka phakathi okusele ekudleni.

Umzimba wocwaningo ophikisana nalezo zimangalo uyakhula, noma kunjalo. Ucwaningo ngemithelela engaba khona ye-glyphosate ku-gut microbiome alucishe luqine njengezincwadi ezihlanganisa i-glyphosate nomdlavuza, kepha luyindawo ososayensi abaningi bayaphenya.

Ngokuhlobene kancane iphepha eshicilelwe kule nyanga, iqembu labaphenyi baseWashington State University naseDuke University bathi bathole ukuxhumana phakathi kwamazinga amabhaktheriya nesikhunta emapheshana emathunjini ezingane namakhemikhali atholakala emakhaya abo. Abaphenyi abazange babheke i-glyphosate ngokuqondile, kodwa babenjalo wethukile ukuthola ukuthi izingane ezinamazinga aphezulu amakhemikhali avamile asendlini egazini lazo zibonise ukwehla kwenani nokwehluka kwamagciwane abalulekile emathunjini awo.

IGlyphosate emchameni

An iphepha elengeziwe lesayensi kushicilelwe kule nyanga kugcizelele isidingo sedatha engcono nengaphezulu uma kukhulunywa ngokuvezwa kwe-glyphosate nezingane.

Leli phepha, lishicilelwe ephephabhukwini Health Environmental ngabaphenyi abavela ku-Institute for Translational Epidemiology e-Icahn School of Medicine eNtabeni iSinayi eNew York, kungumphumela wokubuyekezwa kwezincwadi zezifundo eziningi ezibika amanani wangempela we-glyphosate kubantu.

Ababhali bathi bahlaziye izifundo ezinhlanu ezishicilelwe eminyakeni emibili edlule zibika amazinga e-glyphosate alinganiswa kubantu, kufaka phakathi ucwaningo olulodwa lapho kukalwa khona amazinga e-urinary glyphosate ezinganeni ezihlala emaphandleni aseMexico. Ezinganeni ezingama-192 ezihlala endaweni yase-Agua Caliente, amaphesenti angama-72.91 ayenezinga le-glyphosate elitholakalayo emchameni wazo, futhi zonke izingane ezingama-89 ezihlala e-Ahuacapán, eMexico, zazinamazinga atholakalayo we-pesticide emchameni wazo.

Noma ufaka izifundo ezingeziwe, kukonke, kunemininingwane embalwa mayelana namazinga e-glyphosate kubantu. Izifundo emhlabeni jikelele zingabantu abangu-4,299 kuphela, kubandakanya nezingane ezingama-520, kusho abacwaningi.

Ababhali baphethe ngokuthi okwamanje akunakwenzeka ukuqonda "ubudlelwano obungahle bube khona" phakathi kokuvezwa kwe-glyphosate nezifo, ikakhulukazi ezinganeni, ngoba ukuqoqwa kwedatha emazingeni okuvezwa kwabantu kunqunyelwe futhi akujwayelekile.

Baphawule ukuthi yize bekushoda imininingwane eqinile mayelana nemithelela ye-glyphosate ezinganeni, inani lezinsalela ze-glyphosate ezivunyelwe ngokusemthethweni ngabalawuli be-US ekudleni lenyuke kakhulu kule minyaka edlule.

"Kunezikhala ezincwadini ezibhalwe nge-glyphosate, futhi lezi zikhala kufanele zigcwaliswe ngokuphuthuma okuthile, uma kubhekwa ukusetshenziswa okukhulu kwalo mkhiqizo nokuba khona kwawo yonke indawo," kusho umbhali u-Emanuela Taioli.

Izingane zisengcupheni yokuthola izidalwa ezibulala imvelo futhi ukulandelela ukutholakala kwemikhiqizo efana ne-glyphosate ezinganeni “kuyinto ebaluleke kakhulu kwezempilo yomphakathi,” ngokusho kwabalobi bephepha.

"Njenganoma iyiphi ikhemikhali, kunezinyathelo eziningi ezibandakanyekile ekuhloleni ubungozi, okubandakanya ukuqoqa imininingwane mayelana nokuvezwa kwabantu, ukuze amazinga aletha ukulimala kubantu noma ezilwaneni ezilwaneni angaqhathaniswa namazinga okuvezwa ajwayelekile," kubhala ababhali.

“Kodwa-ke phambilini sikhombisile ukuthi imininingwane ngokuvezwa kwabantu kubasebenzi nakubantu jikelele incane kakhulu. Kunezinye izikhala zolwazi ezikhona kulo mkhiqizo, ngokwesibonelo imiphumela ku-genotoxicity yayo kubantu inqunyelwe. Impikiswano eqhubekayo mayelana nemiphumela yokuchayeka kwe-glyphosate yenza ukuthi amazinga okuchayeka emphakathini jikelele kube yinkinga ecindezelayo yezempilo yomphakathi, ikakhulukazi kulabo abasengozini enkulu.

Ababhali bathe ukuqapha amazinga we-urinary glyphosate kufanele kwenziwe kubantu abaningi.

“Siyaqhubeka nokuphakamisa ukuthi ukufakwa kwe-glyphosate njengokuvezwa okulinganisiwe ezifundweni ezimele izwe lonke njengeNational Health and Nutrition Examination Survey kuzovumela ukuqonda kangcono izingozi ezingase zibangelwe yi-glyphosate futhi kuvumele ukuqashwa okungcono kwalabo okungenzeka badalulwe futhi labo abasengozini yokuchayeka kalula, ”babhala.

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala isekela ukuhlolwa kwesifo somdlavuza se-Roundup esivikela iMonsanto

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Kokunye ukulahleka kwenkantolo komnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG, inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yenqabile umzamo wenkampani wokuguqula ukunqoba kwecala okwenziwe ngumgcini wesikole saseCalifornia owasola ukuthi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala uketshezi iMonsanto glyphosate kwamenza waba nomdlavuza, yize inkantolo yathi umonakalo kufanele usike ku- $ 20.5 million.

Inkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala Yesifunda Sokuqala Sokudlulisa Amacala eCalifornia kusho uMsombuluko ukuthi izimpikiswano zikaMonsanto zazingacabangi futhi uDewayne “Lee” Johnson wayenelungelo lokuqoqa imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 10.25 kumonakalo wesinxephezelo kanye nezinye izigidi ezingama- $ 10.25 kumonakalo wokujezisa. Lokho kwehle kusamba semali engu- $ 78 million esehlulelwe yijaji.

"Ngokubona kwethu, uJohnson wethule ubufakazi obuningi - futhi obukhulu - bokuthi i-glyphosate, kanye nezinye izithako zemikhiqizo yeRoundup, yimbangela yomdlavuza wakhe," kusho inkantolo. "Isazi ngemuva kokuthi isazi sinikeze ubufakazi bokuthi imikhiqizo ye-Roundup iyakwazi ukudala i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ... futhi yabangela umdlavuza kaJohnson ikakhulukazi."

Inkantolo yaqhubeka yathi “kwakukhona ubufakazi obuqand 'ikhanda bokuthi uJohnson wahlupheka, futhi usazoqhubeka nokuhlupheka impilo yakhe yonke, ubuhlungu obukhulu nokuhlupheka.”

Inkantolo ithe impikiswano kaMonsanto yokuthi okutholwe yisayensi mayelana nezixhumanisi ze-glyphosate nomdlavuza yakha "umbono omncane" awusekelwa.

Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yanezela ukuthi bekufanele kulinyazwe isijeziso ngoba kunobufakazi obanele bokuthi uMonsanto wenza “ngamabomu nangokungahloniphi ukuphepha kwabanye.”

UMike Miller, inkampani yakhe yabameli baseVirginia emele uJohnson ngesikhathi kuqulwa icala kanye neBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman firm yaseLos Angeles, uthe uthokozile ngesiqinisekiso senkantolo sokuthi uJohnson waba nomdlavuza ngokusebenzisa kwakhe iRoundup nokuthi inkantolo yaqinisekisa umklomelo wesijeziso umonakalo ngenxa “yokuziphatha kabi ngamabomu kukaMonsanto.”

“UMnu Johnson uqhubeka nokuhlushwa ukulimala kwakhe. Siyaziqhenya ngokulwela uMnu Johnson nokulandela kwakhe ubulungiswa, ”kusho uMiller.

IMonsanto ikweleta inzalo yaminyaka yonke ngesilinganiso samaphesenti ayi-10 kusuka ngo-Ephreli we-2018 ize ikhokhe isinqumo sokugcina.

Ukwehliswa komonakalo kuhlanganiswe nengxenye yokuthi odokotela batshele uJohnson ukuthi umdlavuza wakhe awupheli futhi akulindelekile ukuthi aphile isikhathi eside kakhulu. Inkantolo ivumelane neMonsanto ukuthi ngenxa yokuthi umonakalo okhokhelwayo wenzelwe ukunxephezela ubuhlungu besikhathi esizayo, ukuhlupheka kwengqondo, ukulahlekelwa yinjabulo yempilo, ukukhubazeka emzimbeni, njll. kumele yehliswe.

UBrent Wisner, ongomunye wabameli bakaJohnson ecaleni lakhe, uthe ukwehliswa komonakalo kuwumphumela "wephutha elijulile emthethweni waseCalifornia."

"Ngokuyisisekelo, umthetho waseCalifornia awumvumeli ummangali ukuthi alulame isikhathi esifushane sokuphila," kusho uWisner. “Lokhu kuvuza kahle ummangalelwa ngokubulala ummangali, kunokumlimaza nje. Kuwumsangano. ”

Ukugqama kokuziphatha kukaMonsanto

Kwakuyizinyanga ezimbili nje ngemuva kokuba iBayer ithenge iMonsanto, ngo-Agasti 2018, lapho ijaji elilodwa unikeze uJohnson u- $ 289 million, kufaka phakathi amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-250 emonakalweni wokujeziswa, ukuthola ukuthi akubulali nje kuphela imithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto ebangele ukuthi uJohnson athuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kepha nokuthi inkampani ibazi ubungozi bomdlavuza futhi yehluleka ukuxwayisa uJohnson. Icala lalibandakanya imikhiqizo emibili yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto glyphosate - iRoundup neRanger Pro.

Ijaji lecala lehlisa isinqumo esiphelele saba ngama- $ 78 million kodwa uMonsanto wasidlulisa isamba esincishisiwe. UJohnson cross unxuse ukuthi kubuyiswe isinqumo sango- $ 289 million.

Icala likaJohnson lambozwa abezindaba emhlabeni jikelele futhi labeka obala ekuziphatheni okungabazekayo kweMonsanto. Abameli bakaJohnson banikeze ama-jurors ama-imeyili enkampani yangaphakathi namanye amarekhodi akhombisa ososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngamaphepha esayensi abhala ghost ukuze bazame ukuxhasa ukusekelwa kokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yenkampani, kanye nezindlela zokuxhumana ezinemininingwane yokuhlambalaza abagxeki, nokuqeda ukuhlolwa kukahulumeni ubuthi be-glyphosate, ikhemikhali eliyisihluthulelo emikhiqizweni kaMonsanto.

Imibhalo yangaphakathi ibuye ikhombise ukuthi iMonsanto ibilindele ukuthi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer ihlukanise i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu okungenzeka noma kungenzeka ngoMashi ka-2015 (ukuhlukaniswa kwaba njenge-carcinogen okungenzeka kube khona) futhi yahlela isu kusengaphambili lokuhlambalaza ososayensi bomdlavuza ngemuva bakhipha ukuhlukaniswa kwabo.

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zabamangali afake icala kuMonsanto enza izimangalo ezifana nezikaJohnson, kanti sekunezilingo ezimbili ezengeziwe selokhu kwaqulwa icala likaJohnson. Zombili lezo zilingo nazo ziholele ekutheni kukhishwe izinqumo ezinkulu ngokumelene neMonsanto. Bobabili nabo bangaphansi kwesikhalazo.

NgoJuni, iBayer yathi isifinyelele ku-  isivumelwano sokuxazulula nabameli abamele amaphesenti angama-75 wabantu abacishe bafike ku-125,000 abafakelwe izicelo futhi abasazofakwa izicelo ezaqalwa ngabamangali baseMelika abasola ukutholakala kweM Roundanto kaMonsanto ngokuthuthukisa kwabo i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. IBayer ithe izohlinzeka ngo- $ 8.8 billion kuya ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula icala. Kepha abameli abamele ngaphezulu kwabamangaleli abangaphezulu kuka-20,000 XNUMX bathi abavumanga ukuvumelana neBayer futhi lawo macala kulindeleke ukuthi aqhubeke nokusebenza ngendlela yohlelo lwenkantolo.

Esitatimendeni esikhishwe ngemuva kwesinqumo senkantolo, uBayer uthe kusekela ukuphepha kukaRoundup: “Isinqumo senkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ukwehlisa umonakalo okhokhelwayo nesijeziso siyisinyathelo esiqonde ngqo, kepha siyaqhubeka nokukholelwa ukuthi isinqumo sejaji kanye nomonakalo imiklomelo ayihambisani nobufakazi obusecaleni nasenkantolo. IMonsanto izobheka izinketho zayo ezingokomthetho, kufaka phakathi nokufaka isicelo sokuphikisa iNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia. ”

Ummeli Wabamangali Bomdlavuza BaseRoundup Baboshwe Ngamacala Obugebengu

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Idrama esemthethweni ezungeze amacala omdlavuza we-mass tort Roundup isanda kuthola i-notch.

Amacala obugebengu ase-Federal bafakwe kuleli sonto bephikisana nommeli uTimothy Litzenburg bethi lo mmeli oneminyaka engu-37 ubudala wafuna u- $ 200 million “ngemali yokubonisana” ukuze athule ngemininingwane ayesabisayo ukuthi ingase ibe yimbi kakhulu kumhlinzeki wenhlanganisela yamakhemikhali eMonsanto.

ILitzenburg ibekwe icala elilodwa lokuzama ukukhwabanisa, ukwakha itulo nokudlulisa ukuxhumana kwangaphakathi ngenhloso yokuqola. Ube kade uboshwe ngoLwesibili kodwa udedelwe ngebond.

ULitzenburg wayengummeli kaDewayne “Lee” Johnson okwaholela ecaleni likaJohnson lika-2018 lokulwa noMonsanto, okwaholela ekutheni $ 289 million amajaji kuvuna uJohnson. Ukuqulwa kwecala bekungelokuqala kwezintathu ezenzekile ngokumelene neMonsanto ngezinsolo zokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yenkampani efana ne-Roundup ibanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. IMonsanto, kanye nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG, balahlekelwe yizo zontathu lezi zilingo kuze kube manje kodwa badlulisa izinqumo.

Yize uLitzenburg ayenomsebenzi wokulungiselela uJohnson ukuqulwa kwecala, wayengavunyelwe ukubamba iqhaza ngesikhathi somcimbi ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngokuziphatha kwakhe okwakuphethwe yiMiller Firm, okwakungumqashi wakhe ngaleso sikhathi.

Inkampani yaseMiller ngabuye ngaxoshwa ILitzenburg futhi wafaka icala esola iLitzenburg ukuthi ibizenzela izinto, futhi "ingathembeki futhi ingaziphathi ngendlela." ILitzenburg iphendule ngo ukuphikisa isimangalo. Amaqembu muva nje axoxisene ngesivumelwano esiyimfihlo.

Inkinga entsha yeLitzenburg yeza ngesimo sesikhalazo sobugebengu esifakwe ngoMsombuluko enkantolo yenhlangano eVirginia. Isikhalazo asisho ukuthi inkampani iLitzenburg beyifuna imali kuyiphi, ayibiza nge- “Company 1.” Ngokwamacala abekwe wona, iLitzenburg yaxhumana neNkampani 1 ngoSepthemba kulo nyaka ithi ilungisa icala elizobeka iNkampani 1 kanye nezinkampani ezihlobene nazo ezinikezela ngamakhemikhali asetshenziswa yiMonsanto ukudala igama layo elibizwa ngeRoundup herbicide nokuthi iNkampani 1 yazi ukuthi izithako ziyi-carcinogenic kepha yehlulekile ukuxwayisa umphakathi. Uphinde wazama ukufaka ibhizinisi okukhulunywe ngalo kulesi sikhalazo njengeNkampani 2, echazwe ngabashushisi njengenkampani ehweba esidlangalaleni yase-US eyathenga iNkampani 1 ngo-2018.

Ngasekuqaleni konyaka iLitzenburg itshele i-US Right to Know ukuthi ibhala isikhalazo esinjalo ngomphakeli wamakhemikhali IHuntsman International  nezinhlangano ezihlobene, kepha akucaci ukuthi uHuntsman ubandakanyekile kulesi senzo.

ILitzenburg, manje esisebenzisana nayo nenkampani ye I-Kincheloe, i-Litzenburg ne-Pendleton, akaphendulanga esicelweni sokuphawula. Futhi nomlingani wakhe wezomthetho uDan Kincheloe. ILitzenburg ithe imele cishe amaklayenti ayi-1,000 XNUMX amangalela iMonsanto ngezinsolo zomdlavuza weRoundup.

Ngokwesikhalazo, uLitzenburg utshele ummeli weNkampani 1 ukuthi uyakholelwa uma efaka icala lokuqala kuzolandela abanye abaningi. Ukuvimbela lokho, iNkampani 1 ingangena "ohlelweni lokubonisana" neLitzenburg, kusolakala ukuthi ummeli utshele inkampani. Njengomeluleki u-Litzenburg uzoba nokushayisana kwezintshisakalo obekuzomvimba ekufakeni isimangalo esisongelwayo.

Ngokwolwazi isikhalazo sithi sinikezwe ngummeli weNkampani 1, uLitzenburg uthe uzodinga imali engu- $ 5 million yokukhokhelwa kwecala elibhaliwe kanye nelungiselelo lokubonisana ngo- $ 200 million yena nozakwabo. Isikhalazo sobugebengu sithi iLitzenburg ibhale phansi imibandela yesicelo sayo nge-imeyili eya kummeli wenkampani, ixwayisa ngokuthi uma inkampani ingahambisani nalokhu, iLitzenburg izokwakha i- "Roundup Two," okungadala "inkinga eqhubekayo futhi ekhulayo kakhulu" weNkampani 1.

U-Litzenburg ubhale ku-imeyili ukuthi isivumelwano sokubonisana naye kanye nozakwabo esingu- $ 200 million “siyinani elifanele kakhulu,” ngokusho kwesikhalazo sobugebengu. Okungenani ababili “abalingani” abanjalo babebandakanyekile kulolu hlelo, ngokusho kwesikhalazo.

Ummeli weNkampani 1 uxhumane noMnyango Wezobulungiswa e-United States ngo-Okthoba kanti abaphenyi ngemuva kwalokho baqophe ucingo neLetzenburg bexoxa ngezigidi ezingama- $ 200 ayezifuna, kusho isikhalazo.

Ngokwesikhalazo, iLitzenburg yaqoshwa yathi: “Indlela engicabanga ukuthi niyacabanga ngayo bazalwane futhi nathi sicabange ngayo wukugcina uhlangothi lwenu. Angicabangi ukuthi lokhu kufakwa bese kuguqulwa kube yi-mass tort, noma ngabe nina niwina amacala bese nishayela inani eliphansi… Angicabangi ukuthi ikhona indlela yokuphuma kukho ngemali engaphansi kwezigidigidi zamaRandi. Ngakho-ke, niyazi, kimi, hawu, lena yintengo yokuthengisa umlilo okufanele niyicabangele… ”

Ngesikhathi sokuxhumana nezinye neNkampani 1, uLitzenburg kuthiwa wathi uma ethola imali engango- $ 200 million, wayezimisele "ukudilika" ngesikhathi kufakwa udokotela oyisazi sobuthi seNkampani 1 ukudicilela phansi ithemba labamangali besikhathi esizayo ukuzama ukumangalela inkampani.

Uma iNkampani 1 ingena esivumelwaneni naye, kusolakala ukuthi iLitzenburg isho ukuthi, lokho kuzosho ukuthi iNkampani 1 "izogwema umbukiso wezinto ezethusayo ebezikade ziyicala leRoundup leBayer / Monsanto."

Abashushisa leli cala loMnyango Wezobulungiswa wase-US ngu-Assistant Chief L. Rush Atkinson noMsizi Oyinhloko we-Chief Chief u-Henry P. Van Dyck weCriminal Division's Fraud Section.

Bona umzila we-imeyili obonisa ukuthengiswa kwethonya yi-Press Association eya eBayer

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Izintatheli embulungeni yonke zisabele ngolaka ngezambulo eshicilelwe ku-Guardian  kuleli sonto okukhombisa ukuthi uThanos Dimadis, owayengumphathi omkhulu we-Foreign Press Foundation, unikeze uhlelo olungajwayelekile kuBayer AG olufuna ukusetshenziswa kwenhlangano yabezindaba, ezinikele ekuvikeleni umshini wokushicilela wamahhala, ngezindlela ezizovikela futhi zizuzise iBayer izintshisekelo zebhizinisi. Ukushintshanisa ithonya nokufinyelela enhlanganweni yabezindaba, uBayer uvumile ukuhlinzeka ngemali evulekile, ama-imeyili akhombisa, kufaka phakathi imali eyengeziwe kaDimadis uqobo.

UDimadis usanda kuba ngumongameli wenhlangano entsha ebizwa nge-Association of Foreign Correspondents ku USA (AFC-USA), okuyi ngokuyinhloko ixhaswe yiBayer, isiqhwaga saseJalimane esenza ezemithi namakhemikhali ngonyaka owedlule sathenga iMonsanto Co.

IMonsanto yafakwa enkantolo ngezinsolo zokuthi i-Roundup herbicide idala umdlavuza ngesikhathi iBayer ithenga le nkampani ngoJuni 2018. Ukulahleka kwamacala amathathu selokhu kwatholwa kuye kwabakhathaza abatshalizimali beBayer futhi kwashiya iBayer ukuthi ivikele umlando ogciniwe weMonsanto wokuzama ukukhohlisa abezindaba, ososayensi nabalawuli izizuzise yona.

Izikhulu zeBayer zithi iBayer izinikele eqinisweni nasekubukeni obala futhi isekela abezindaba mahhala. Le nkampani iyaphika ukuthi yafuna noma yathola noma yimuphi umthelela ongafanele kwi-Foreign Press Association noma kwi-Association of Foreign Correspondents.

Nalu uhlu lwama-imeyili amaningi:

Imininingwane yokuhlelwa neBayer

Uhlu lwezintatheli iBayer engazikhethela ukuzibandakanya

UDimadis ubuza ukuqondiswa kweBayer yenhlangano yabezindaba “ukuhlela amasu ngendlela efanele”

UDimadis ucela imali eyengeziwe kuBayer

IBayer iyazazisa izenzo zikaDadadis futhi iyavuma ukwengeza imali kwisabelomali seDimadis

Bona udaba oluphelele.