Ukubuyiselwa emuva kweThailand kokuvinjelwa kwe-glyphosate kwenzeka ngemuva kokungenelela kweBayer nge-US, imibhalo ikhombisa

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ngonyaka owedlule iThailand kwakumiselwe ukuvinjelwa ukhula olusetshenziswa kabanzi olubulala amakhemikhali i-glyphosate, isenzo esishayelwe ihlombe ngabameli bezempilo yomphakathi ngenxa yobufakazi bokuthi ikhemikhali libanga umdlavuza, kanye nokunye ukulimaza abantu nemvelo.

Kepha ngaphansi kwengcindezi enkulu evela ezikhulwini zase-US, uhulumeni waseThailand wakuguqula ukuvinjelwa obekuhleliwe kwe-glyphosate ngoNovemba odlule futhi walibazisa ukuvalwa kweminye imishanguzo yokubulala izinambuzane ezimbili zezolimo yize iKomiti Likazwelonke Lezinto Eziyingozi lathi ukuvinjelwa kuyadingeka ukuvikela abathengi.

Ukuvinjelwa, ikakhulukazi kwi-glyphosate, "kungaba nomthelela omubi" ukungeniswa kwempahla yaseThailand kotshwala, ukolweni nokunye kwempahla yezolimo, uMnyango Wezolimo wase-US u-Underdretary Ted McKinney uxwayise uNdunankulu waseThailand u-Prayuth Chan-Ocha efuna ukuguqulwa. Ukungeniswa kwamanye amazwe kungathinteka ngoba lezo zimpahla, nezinye eziningi, imvamisa zifakwe izinsalela ze-glyphosate.

Manje, ama-imeyili asanda kuvezwa phakathi kwezikhulu zikahulumeni nomzali waseMonsanto uBayer AG kukhombisa ukuthi isenzo sikaMcKinney, nalezo ezithathwe ezinye izikhulu zikahulumeni wase-US ukukholisa iThailand ukuthi ingavimbeli i-glyphosate, zabhalwa kakhulu futhi zaqhutshwa yiBayer.

Ama-imeyili atholwe ngesicelo soMthetho weNkululeko Yolwazi yiCentre for Biological Diversity, inhlangano engenzi nzuzo. I- iqembu limangalelwe UMnyango Wezolimo wase-US (USDA) kanye noMnyango Wezohwebo wase-US ngoLwesithathu bafuna amarekhodi omphakathi angeziwe maqondana nezenzo zeminyango yezohwebo nezolimo ekucindezeleni iThailand ngodaba lwe-glyphosate. Kunemibhalo eminingana uhulumeni okwamanje anqabile ukuyikhipha mayelana nokuxhumana neBayer nezinye izinkampani, kusho le nhlangano.

"Kubi ngokwanele ukuthi lolu phiko lushaye indiva isayensi ezimele ukuxhasa ngokungacabangi ukuzimela kukaBayer kokuphepha kwe-glyphosate," kusho uNathan Donley, usosayensi omkhulu eCentre for Biological Diversity. "Kodwa-ke ukusebenza njenge-ejenti yeBayer ukuphoqa amanye amazwe ukuthi athathe leso sikhundla kuyinto embi kakhulu."

I-Glyphosate iyona isithako esisebenzayo ku-Roundup herbicides kanye neminye imikhiqizo eyenziwe nguMonsanto, ebiza izigidigidi zamaRandi ekuthengisweni konyaka. UBayer uthenge iMonsanto e2018 futhi ubelokhu elwa kanzima kusukela lapho ukuvimbela ukukhathazeka okukhulayo emhlabeni jikelele ngocwaningo lwesayensi olukhombisa ukuthi i-glyphosate herbicides ingadala umdlavuza wegazi obizwa nge-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Inkampani nayo ukulwa namacala okubandakanya abamangali abangaphezu kwe-100,000 abathi ukuthuthukiswa kwabo kwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kubangelwe ukuvezwa kwe-Roundup namanye ama-herbicides asekelwe eMonsanto glyphosate.

Ababulali bokhula beGlyphosate bangamakhemikhali asetshenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni, ikakhulukazi ngoba iMonsanto yakha izitshalo ezakhiwe ngofuzo ezibekezelela ukufuthwa ngqo nalelo khemikhali. Noma ilusizo kubalimi ekugcineni amasimu engenalo ukhula, umkhuba wokufafaza i-herbicide eziqongweni zezitshalo ezikhulayo ushiya amazinga ahlukahlukene we-pesticide kokudla okusanhlamvu okuluhlaza nokudla okuphelile. Abalawuli beMonsanto kanye ne-US bagcina amazinga wezibulala-zinambuzane ekudleni nasekudleni kwemfuyo akulimazi kubantu noma emfuyweni, kepha ososayensi abaningi abavumelani futhi bathi ngisho nokulandela amanani kungaba yingozi.

Amazwe ahlukene abeka amazinga ahlukene wezomthetho kulokho abanquma ukuthi kuyimali ephephile yombulali wokhula ekudleni nasezintweni eziluhlaza. Lawo “mazinga wezinsalela eziphezulu” abizwa ngama-MRL. I-US ivumela ama-MRL aphezulu kakhulu e-glyphosate ekudleni uma kuqhathaniswa namanye amazwe.

Uma iThailand ivimbela i-glyphosate, izinga elivunyelwe le-glyphosate ekudleni kungenzeka libe yi-zero, uBayer uxwayise izikhulu zase-US.

Usizo lwezinga eliphezulu

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi ngoSepthemba 2019 futhi futhi ekuqaleni kuka-Okthoba ka-2019 uJames Travis, umqondisi omkhulu wezindaba zikahulumeni waseBayer kanye nokuhweba, wafuna usizo ekuqedeni ukuvinjelwa kwe-glyphosate kusuka ezikhulwini eziningi ezisezingeni eliphezulu ezivela e-USDA nase-Office of the United States Ummeleli Wezohwebo (USTR).

Phakathi kwalabo iBayer eyayifuna usizo kubo kwakukhona uZhulieta Willbrand, ngaleso sikhathi owayeyinduna yabasebenzi bezohwebo nezangaphandle kwezolimo eMnyangweni Wezolimo wase-US. Ngemuva kwesinqumo seThailand sokuguqula ukuvinjelwa kwe-glyphosate, uWillbrand waqashwa ukuthi asebenzele iBayer ngqo ezindabeni zokuhweba zomhlaba wonke.

Lapho ebuzwa ukuthi ngabe usizo oluvela kuWillbrand ngenkathi eyisikhulu sikahulumeni lumsizile yini ukuthi athole umsebenzi eBayer, le nkampani yathi "izama ngokusemandleni" ukuqasha abantu abavela "kuzo zonke izizinda" nakunoma iyiphi "umbono wokuthi uqashwe nganoma yisiphi isizathu ngaphandle kwethalente elikhulu aliletha eBayer ngamanga. ”

Ku-imeyili eya kuWillbrand yangomhla ziyi-18 kuSepthemba 2019, uTravis wamtshela ukuthi uBayer wayecabanga ukuthi “kunenani langempela” ngokubandakanyeka kukahulumeni wase-US mayelana nokuvinjelwa kwe-glyphosate, futhi waphawula nokuthi iBayer ihlela amanye amaqembu ukuthi nawo azobhikisha ngokuvinjelwa.

"Ekugcineni, sifundisa amaqembu abalimi, amasimu kanye nabalingani bebhizinisi ukuze nabo bakwazi ukuzwakalisa ukukhathazeka kanye nesidingo senqubo eqinile, esekelwe kwisayensi," kusho uTravis ebhalela uWillbrand. UWillbrand wabe esedlulisela i-imeyili kuMcKinney, uNobhala Ongaphansi Kwezobambiswano Wezolimo kanye Nezindaba Zakwamanye Amazwe e-USDA.

Ku-Okthoba 8, 2019, intambo ye-imeyili enesihloko esithi "Isifinyezo Sokuvinjelwa KweThailand - Intuthuko Ihamba Ngokushesha," uTravis ubhalele uMarta Prado, iphini likamelekeleli omele i-US Trade for Southeast Asia and the Pacific, bekopisha uWillbrand nabanye, ukuze bavuselele kubo ngesimo.

UTravis ubhale ukuthi iThailand ibukeka ikulungele ukuvimbela i-glyphosate ngesivinini “esisheshayo”, ngoDisemba 1, 2019. Kanye ne-glyphosate, izwe belihlela ukuvimbela chlorpyrifos, isibulala-zinambuzane esenziwe sathandwa yiDow Chemical esaziwa ngokulimaza ubuchopho bezingane; futhi i-paraquat, ososayensi be-herbicide bathi kubanga isifo sohlelo lwemizwa esaziwa nge-Parkinson's.

UTravis uveze ubungozi ukuvinjelwa kwe-glyphosate okungahle kube nakho ekuthengisweni kwempahla yase-US ngenxa yenkinga ye-MRL futhi wahlinzeka nangezinye izinto ezingemuva izikhulu ezingazisebenzisa ukuzibandakanya neThailand.

"Ngokwentuthuko yakamuva, sikhula ngokukhathazeka kakhulu ukuthi abanye abenzi bezinqubomgomo nabenzi bomthetho bayayijaha le nqubo futhi ngeke babonisane kahle nabo bonke ababambiqhaza bezolimo noma babheke ngokuphelele umthelela wezomnotho nowezemvelo wokuvinjelwa i-glyphosate," kubhalela uTravis izikhulu zase-US.

Ukuhwebelana ngama-imeyili kukhombisa ukuthi izikhulu zeBayer nezaseMelika zikhulume ngezisusa ezingaba khona zezikhulu zaseThailand nokuthi ubuhlakani obunjalo bungaba lusizo kanjani. "Ukwazi okumshukumisayo kungasiza ngezimpikiswano eziphikisayo ze-USG," esinye isikhulu sase-US wabhalela uBayer mayelana nomholi oyedwa waseThai.

UTravis uphakamise ukuthi izikhulu zase-US zibandakanyeke kakhulu njengoba zazenzile neVietnam lapho lelo zwe lithutha ngo-Ephreli 2019 ukuvimbela i-glyphosate.

Ngemuva nje kwesikhalazo esivela kuBayer, uMcKinney wabhalela uNdunankulu waseThailand ngalolu daba. Ku- Okthoba 17, 2019 incwadi McKinney, owake wakwenza lokho usebenzile AbakwaDow Agrosciences, bameme izikhulu zaseThailand eWashington engxoxweni yokuzibonela mathupha mayelana nokuphepha kwe-glyphosate kanye nokuzimisela kwe-Environmental Protection Agency ukuthi i-glyphosate “ayinabungozi empilweni yomuntu lapho isetshenziswa njengokugunyaziwe.”

"Uma ukuvalwa komthetho kungalandelwa kuzothinta kakhulu ukuthengwa kwempahla yaseThailand kwezolimo ezifana nesoya nobhontshisi," kubhala uMcKinney. "Ngiyaninxusa ukuthi nibambezele isinqumo nge-glyphosate size sikwazi ukuhlela ithuba lochwepheshe bezobuchwepheshe base-US ukuthi babelane ngolwazi olufanele kakhulu ukubhekana nezinkinga zaseThailand."

Isikhathi esingaphezudlwana kwenyanga kamuva, ngoNovemba 27, Thailand kuguqulwe ukuvinjelwa kwe-glyphosate. Iphinde yathi izobambezela ukuvinjelwa kweparaquat kanye ne-chlorpyrifos izinyanga ezimbalwa.

IThailand iphothule ukuvinjelwa kwe-paraquat ne-chlorpyrifos ngoJuni 1, walo nyaka. Kepha i-glyphosate ihlala isetshenziswa. 

Lapho ebuzwa ngokuzibandakanya kwakhe nezikhulu zase-US ngalolu daba, iBayer yakhipha isitatimende esilandelayo:

"Njengezinkampani eziningi nezinhlangano ezisebenza ezimbonini ezilawulwa kakhulu, sinikezela ngolwazi futhi sifaka isandla ekwenziweni kwemigomo esekwe kwisayensi nasezinhlelweni zokulawula. Ukuxhumana kwethu nabo bonke labo abasemkhakheni womphakathi kuyinto ejwayelekile, enobungcweti, futhi iyahambisana nayo yonke imithetho nezimiso.

Ukuguqulwa kweziphathimandla zaseThailand kokuvinjelwa kwe-glyphosate kuyahambisana nokunqunywa kwesayensi okwenziwe yizindikimba ezilawulayo emhlabeni wonke, kufaka phakathi I-united statesEuropeGermanyAustraliaKoreaCanadaE-New ZealandJapan nakwezinye izindawo eziphothule kaninginingi ukuthi imikhiqizo yethu esekwe ku-glyphosate ingasetshenziswa ngokuphepha njengokuyalelwa.

 Abalimi baseThailand basebenzise i-glyphosate ngokuphepha nangempumelelo amashumi eminyaka ukukhiqiza izitshalo ezibalulekile kufaka phakathi umdumbula, ummbila, umoba, izithelo, intende kawoyela nenjoloba. IGlyphosate isize abalimi ukuthi bathuthukise izindlela zabo zokuphila futhi bahlangabezane nokulindelwe umphakathi ngokudla okuphephile, okungabizi futhi okukhiqizwa ngendlela efanele. ”