Ukuhlaliswa kwamacala omdlavuza weMonsanto Roundup kuyinkimbinkimbi ngummeli obambekayo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Yini edingekayo ukuze uMike Miller axazulule? Lowo ngumbuzo ocindezelayo njengoba omunye wabameli abahola phambili enkantolo yamacala omdlavuza weRoundup ezweni lonke kuze kube manje enqabile ukuhambisana nabanye ababebhekene namacala okuvuma ukulungisa amacala egameni lezinkulungwane zeziguli zomdlavuza ezithi izifo zazo zibangelwe ukuvezwa kwemikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto .

UMike Miller, oyinhloko yenkampani yabameli base-Orange, eVirginia ebizwa ngegama lakhe, ubengazimisele ukwamukela imigomo yokuhlinzekwa kokuxazululwa okuxoxwe ngayo ezingxoxweni zokulamula phakathi komnikazi waseMonsanto waseGerman uBayer AG kanye nethimba labameli babamangali. Lokho kubalwa kabusha kuyindawo ebambekayo ebambekayo ephazamisa ukuxazululwa, kusho imithombo esondelene necala.

Esikhundleni salokho, inkampani kaMiller yethula izivivinyo ezimbili kule nyanga, kufaka phakathi eyodwa eqale namuhla eContra Costa, eCalifornia, kanti eyodwa ezoqala ngoLwesibili eSt. Louis, eMissouri. Kungenzeka ukuthi uMiller angavuma ukukhokhelwa nganoma yisiphi isikhathi, aphazamise ukuqulwa kwecala, noma kunjalo. UMiller naye unecala elibhekene noFebhuwari eNkantolo Yesifunda sase-US eSan Francisco. Leli cala, elethwe yisiguli esinomdlavuza u-Elaine Stevick, lizoba icala lesibili elizobanjelwa enkantolo yombuso.

Isinyathelo sikaMiller sokuqhubeka nokuzama amacala simhlukanisa namanye amafemu abamangaleli baseRoundup, kufaka phakathi inkampani yezomthetho iBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman yaseLos Angeles kanye nenkampani iDenver, eseColorado i-Andrus Wagstaff. Njengenkampani iMiller, uBaum Hedlund no-Andrus Wagstaff bamele izinkulungwane zabamangali.

Lawo mafemu avumile ukukhansela noma ukuhlehlisa ukuvivinywa okuningi, kufaka phakathi okubili okubandakanya izingane ezincane ezinomdlavuza, ukuze kwenziwe lula ukuxazululwa.

Eminye imithombo ikhombe inani lokukhokha elingaba khona elingama- $ 8 billion- $ 10 billion, yize abanye abahlaziyi bethi leyo nombolo kuzoba nzima ukuthethelela abatshalizimali beBayer, abagade okwenzekayo.

Abagxeki basola uMiller ngokwenza ngendlela engalimaza ikhono lezinkulungwane zabamangali zokuthola izinkokhelo ezivela eBayer, kodwa abalandeli bakhe bathi ulwela izintshisekelo zamakhasimende akhe futhi wenqaba ukwamukela imigomo ayithola ingaphansi kakhulu. UMiller ungumakadebona ongumakadebona onomlando omude wokuthatha izinkampani ezinkulu, kufaka phakathi izigebenga zemithi, ngenxa yokulimala kwabathengi okuhlobene nomkhiqizo.

Umlamuli uKen Feinberg uthe akucaci ukuthi kungaba khona yini ukuxazululwa komhlaba wonke ngaphandle kukaMiller.

"UMike Miller unombono wokuthi amacala akhe abaluleke kanjani futhi ufuna lokho acabanga ukuthi kuyisinxephezelo esifanele," kusho uFeinberg. IJaji Lesifunda saseMelika uVince Chhabria waqoka uFeinberg ukuba abe ngumlamuleli phakathi kweBayer nabameli babamangali ngoMeyi odlule.

IMonsanto ilahlekile zontathu lezi zivivinyo ibanjwe kuze kube manje. IMiller Firm isingathe ezimbili zalezo zivivinyo - yaletha abameli bakaBaum Hedlund ukuba bazosiza ecaleni lika  UDewayne “Lee” Johnson (ngemuva kokuthi uMike Miller elimale kanzima engozini ngaphambi nje kokuthethwa kwecala) kanye nangecala labamangali bendoda nenkosikazi, U-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod. UJohnson uklonyeliswe ngama- $ 289 million kwathi amaPilliod aklonyeliswa ngaphezulu kwama- $ 2 billion yize abahluleli becala ecaleni ngalinye behlisa le miklomelo. Elinye icala elenziwe kuze kube manje, ngezimangalo ezalethwa ngu-Edwin Hardeman, liphathwe yinkampani nommeli uJennifer Moore, u-Andrus Wagstaff.

Ukuzama kukaMiller ukusunduza izilingo ezintsha kunezingozi eziningana, kufaka phakathi iqiniso lokuthi iMonsanto ingaphumelela ecaleni elilodwa noma ngaphezulu, okunganikeza iBayer amandla ezinkulumweni zokuhlala. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, uma uMiller ebenganqoba izivivinyo ezinganikeza amandla amasha kubamangali ukuthi bacele imali ethe xaxa.

Ingcindezi yokuxazululwa ibilokhu izwakala iphakeme kuzo zombili izinhlangothi. Izinto eziyinkimbinkimbi zifaka phakathi ukubhaliswa kwenani labamangali 'elisayinwe amafemu abameli azungeze i-United States phakathi kokudalulwa kokuxazululwa okungenzeka kube khona. Eminye imibiko yabezindaba isikhiphe inani eliphelele labamangali kuma-80,000 ngenkathi eminye imithombo ithe le nombolo ingaphezulu kuka-100,000. Ingxenye enkulu yaleyo nombolo, nokho, ikhombisa abamangali abasayinisiwe kepha abangazifakanga izinyathelo enkantolo, kanti abanye abafake izicelo kodwa abanazo izinsuku zokuqulwa kwecala. Noma yikuphi ukukhokhelwa manje kuzomela amaphesenti amakhulu wabamangali, kepha hhayi konke, kusho imithombo.

Wonke amacala asola ukuthi umdlavuza ubangelwe ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto's glyphosate-based, kubandakanya ne-Roundup brand esetshenziswa kabanzi. Futhi konke okushiwo uMonsanto wayazi, futhi wakufihla, izingozi.

Phakathi kobufakazi obuye bavela ngaleli cala kukhona nemibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ekhombisa ukuthi le nkampani yakhelwe ukushicilelwa kwamaphepha esayensi abonakala ngamanga ukuthi enziwa ososayensi abazimele kuphela; ukuxhaswa, nokusebenzisana, namaqembu angaphambili asetshenziselwe ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi ababika ingozi ngemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto; nokusebenzisana nezikhulu ezithile ngaphakathi kwe-Environmental Protection Agency (i-EPA) ukuvikela nokuphakamisa isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuthi imikhiqizo yayo ayibanga umdlavuza.

Esivivinyweni saseCalifornia esiqale namuhla, uKathleen Caballero uthi usungule i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kokufafaza iRoundup kusuka ngo-1977 kuya ku-2018 njengengxenye yomsebenzi wakhe ebhizinisini lengadi nasekulungiseni ingadi, nasekusebenzeni kwakhe epulazini.

Ekulindeleke ukuba liqale ngoLwesibili eSt. Louis, kunabamangali abane - uChristopher Wade, uGlen Ashelman, uBryce Batiste no-Ann Meeks.

Icala lesithathu liphinde lahlelelwa le nyanga eNkantolo eNkulu yaseRiverside County. Leli cala lilethwe nguTreesa Cotton, owesifazane okutholwe ukuthi une-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngo-2015 asola ngokuvezwa yi-Roundup kaMonsanto.