CDC SPIDER: Ososayensi bakhononda ngethonya elihlangene enkampanini yezempilo

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

NguCarey Gillam

Ukukhathazeka ngokusebenza kwangaphakathi kwezikhungo ze-US Zokulawulwa Kwezifo Nokuvimbela (i-CDC) bekulokhu kukhula ezinyangeni ezedlule phakathi kokudalulwa kwemifelandawonye ethokomele yezinkampani. Manje iqembu lososayensi abaphezulu abangaphezu kweshumi kubikwe ukuthi lifake isikhalazo sokuziphatha sisho ukuthi i-federal agency ithonywe yizintshisekelo zezinkampani nezombusazwe ngezindlela ezishintsha kancane abakhokhi bentela.

Iqembu elizibiza nge-CDC Scientists Preservation Integrity, Diligence and Ethics in Research, noma i-CDC SPIDER, libhale uhlu lwezikhalazo ngokubhalela i-Chief of Staff ye-CDC labe selinikeza ikhophi yencwadi enhlanganweni yokubuka umphakathi Ilungelo Lokwazi I-US (USRTK). Amalungu eqembu akhethe ukufaka lesi sikhalazo ngokungaziwa ngoba esaba ukujeziswa.

"Kubukeka sengathi inhloso yethu ithonywa futhi yakhiwa amaqembu angaphandle kanye nezintshisekelo ezinamandla… futhi inhloso yeCongress yenhlangano yethu ivinjelwa abanye babaholi bethu. Okusikhathaza kakhulu, ukuthi sekuyinto ejwayelekile hhayi okungajwayelekile, ”kusho incwadi. "Le mikhuba engabazekayo nenenhlonipho isongela ukululaza ukwethembeka kwethu nedumela lethu njengomholi othembekile kwezempilo yomphakathi."

Isikhalazo sibalula phakathi kokunye “ukufihla” kokungenzi kahle kohlelo lwezempilo lwabesifazane olubizwa nge-Well-Integrated Screening and Evaluation for Woman Across the Nation, noma ISIHLAKANIPHO. Lolu hlelo luhlinzeka ngezinsizakalo ezijwayelekile zokuvimbela ukusiza abesifazane abaneminyaka engama-40 kuya kwengama-64 ubudala ukunciphisa izingozi zabo zesifo senhliziyo, nokukhuthaza izindlela zokuphila ezinempilo. I-CDC njengamanje ixhasa izinhlelo ezingama-21 WISEWOMAN ngokusebenzisa izifundazwe nezinhlangano zamakhosi. Isikhalazo sisola ukuthi kube nomzamo ohlanganisiwe ngaphakathi kweCDC wokumelela kabi imininingwane enikezwe iCongress ukuze kubonakale ukuthi lolu hlelo lubandakanya abesifazane abaningi kunalokho empeleni lwalunjalo.

"Izincazelo zishintshiwe futhi idatha 'iphekwe' ukwenza imiphumela ibukeke ingcono kunalokho eyayiyikho," kusho isikhalazo. "Ukubuyekezwa kwangaphakathi" okubandakanya abasebenzi kuyo yonke iCDC kwenzeke futhi okutholakele kwabo bekucindezelwe ngakho-ke abezindaba kanye / noma abasebenzi beCongressary bangazazi izinkinga. "
Le ncwadi ibalula ukuthi uCongresswoman Rosa DeLauro, oyiDemocrat waseConnecticut, obesekhona umsekeli wohlelo, wenze imibuzo kuCDC maqondana nemininingwane. Okhulumela ihhovisi lakhe, ukuqinisekisile lokho.

Isikhalazo siphinde sisho ukuthi izinsiza zabasebenzi okufanele zinikezelwe ezinhlelweni zasekhaya zabaseMelika kunalokho ziqondiswa ukuthi zisebenze ezindabeni zezempilo nezocwaningo zomhlaba wonke.

Futhi lesi sikhalazo sithi “siyabaphazamisa” ubuhlobo obuphakathi kwe-giant Coca-Cola Co., iqembu eliqokelwe ukwesekwa yi-Coca-Cola, kanye nezikhulu eziphezulu ze-CDC - uDkt.Barbara Bowman owayeqondisa iCDC's Division for Heart Disease Stroke Prevention kuze kube uthatha umhlalaphansi ngoJuni, kanye noDkt Michael Pratt, uMeluleki omkhulu Wezempilo Yomhlaba Wonke e-National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP) e-CDC.

UBowman, uthathe umhlalaphansi ngemuva kwezambulo ngalokho isikhalazo esibubize ngobudlelwano "obungajwayelekile" neCoca-Cola kanye neqembu elingenzi nzuzo lenhlangano elisungulwe yiCoca-Cola elibizwa nge-International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI). Ukuxhumana nge-imeyili okutholwe ngezicelo ze-Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) ngu-USRTK kuveze ukuthi endimeni yakhe ye-CDC, uBowman ubelokhu exhumana njalo - futhi enikeza nesiqondiso - kummeli ophambili weCoca-Cola efuna ukuthonya iziphathimandla zezempilo emhlabeni ngenqubomgomo yeshukela neziphuzo izindaba.

Ama-imeyili nawo aphakamise lokho UPratt unomlando wokukhuthaza nokusiza ekuholeni ucwaningo oluxhaswe yiCoca-Cola ngenkathi uqashwa yi-CDC. UPratt ubesebenzisana kakhulu ne-ILSI, ekhuthaza i-ajenda yezimboni zeziphuzo nezokudla, ama-imeyili atholwe nge-FOIA akhonjisiwe. Amaphepha amaningi ocwaningo abhalwe nguPratt okungenani axhaswe ngabakwaCoca-Cola, kanti uPratt uthole imali yezimboni yokuhambela imicimbi nezingqungquthela ezixhaswe yimboni.

Ngenyanga edlule, uPratt uthathe isikhundla njengoMqondisi we-University of California San Diego Institute for Public Health. Ngenyanga ezayo, i-ILSI ibambisene ne-UCSD ukubamba inkundla ephathelene "nokuziphatha kokulinganisela kwamandla," ehlelelwe uNovemba 30 kuya kuDisemba 1 walo nyaka. Omunye wabaholi ngomunye usosayensi we-CDC, uJanet Fulton, oyiChief of the CDC's Physical Activity and Health Branch. UPratt usekhefini lonyaka e-CDC ngesikhathi sakhe eSan Diego, ngokusho kweCDC.

Lesi sithangami singena ekuthumeleni imiyalezo "yamandla esele" obekucindezelwa yiCoca-Cola. Ukusetshenziswa kokudla neziphuzo ezinoshukela akumele kusolwe ukukhuluphala noma ezinye izinkinga zempilo; ukungabikho kokuvivinya umzimba yimbangela eyinhloko, inkolelo ithi.

Ochwepheshe emkhakheni wokudla okunempilo bathe i ubudlelwano buyakhathaza ngoba inhloso ye-CDC ivikela impilo yomphakathi, kepha nokho izikhulu ezithile ze-CDC zibonakala zisondelene nemboni okuthi, ucwaningo luthi, luxhumene cishe abantu abangu-180,000 ngonyaka emhlabeni wonke, kufaka ama-25,000 e-United States. I-CDC kufanele ukuthi ibhekane nezinga lokukhuphuka lokukhuluphala phakathi kwezingane, ingathuthukisi izintshisekelo zemboni yeziphuzo.

Okhulumela i-CDC uKathy Harben ngeke akhulume ngalokho okungenzeka ukuthi kwenziwa yilolu phiko, uma kukhona okuthile, ukuphendula isikhalazo se-SPIDER, kodwa uthe i-ejensi isebenzisa "uhla oluphelele lwemithetho, imithetho kanye nezinqubomgomo ze-federal" ezisebenza kubo bonke abasebenzi bakahulumeni. ”

"I-CDC iwuthatha ngokungathi sína umthwalo wayo wokuhambisana nemithetho yokuziphatha, yazise abasebenzi ngayo, futhi ithathe nezinyathelo zokuyilungisa noma nini lapho sithola ukuthi abasebenzi abathobeli," kusho uHarben. "Sihlala siqeqesha futhi sixhumane nabasebenzi ngendlela yokulandela izimiso zokuziphatha futhi sigweme ukwephulwa komthetho."

Isikhalazo seqembu le-SPIDER siphela ngesicelo sokuba abaphathi be-CDC babhekane nalezi zinsolo; ukwenza “okulungile.”

Asethembe ukuthi kukhona olalele.

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