I-Glyphosate Spin Check: Izimangalo Zokulandelela Mayelana Nokubulala Ukhula Okusetshenziswa Kakhulu

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Phakathi kwempikiswano yomhlaba jikelele mayelana nokuphepha kwe-herbicides esekwe ku-glyphosate efana neMonsanto's Roundup, kwenziwa izimangalo eziningi ukuvikela ukuphepha komkhiqizo. Ekuvukeni kwe- izinqumo ezimbili zakamuva zamajaji othole ukuthi i-Roundup iyinto ebaluleke kakhulu ekudaleni i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, sihlole ezinye zalezi zimangalo futhi sazihlola ukuthi zinembile yini.

Uma unezibonelo eziningi ze-glyphosate spin ongathanda sizihlole, sicela ubathumele i-imeyili ku-stacy@usrtk.org noma tweet kithi @USRighttoKnow.

UMark Lynas, uCornell Alliance weSayensi

ICornell Alliance yeSayensi iwebhusayithi (Novemba. 2017)

Lo mbhalo kaMark Lynas uqukethe izitatimende eziningi ezinganembile nezidukisayo. Njengabaningi abagqugquzela imikhiqizo ye-glyphosate, izimangalo lapha zigxile ekuzameni ukwehlisa isithunzi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ebeka i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu ngo-2015.

FAKA ISICELO: I-IARC "yigatsha elincane elaziwayo futhi elincanyana le-World Health Organisation" "elithola cishe yonke into ebanga umdlavuza"

IQINISO: I-IARC yisikhungo esikhethekile sokucwaninga ngomdlavuza se-WHO esinamaphaneli ochwepheshe aqukethe ososayensi abazimele abavela emikhakheni ehlukahlukene yocwaningo lomdlavuza. Eminyakeni yayo engama-50 umlando, IARC inayo kuhlolwe izinto eziyi-1,013 futhi kutholakale ama-49% alabo "bengahlukaniswa ngokuya komzimba wayo kubantu"; Ama-20% ahlukaniswa njengaziwa noma mhlawumbe yi-carcinogenic kubantu.

FAKA ISICELO: "Okusalungiswa kokuqala kokuhlolwa kwe-IARC kuguqulwe kakhulu ngesikhathi sekwephuzile ukukhomba ekutholeni umdlavuza - noma ngabe isayensi abebeyihlola ikhomba kude nalokhu"

IQINISO: Lesi simangalo sitholwe ngombiko weReuters onamaphutha kaKate Kelland wokuthi washiya amaqiniso abalulekile, kuhlanganise iqiniso lokuthi iningi lemininingwane i-IARC engazange iluthathe kusuka “kokungakapheli kokuqala” kwakusuka esihlokweni sokubuyekeza esabhalwa ngokubambisana ngusosayensi waseMonsanto. I-athikili yokubukeza "ayizange inikeze imininingwane eyanele yokuhlola okuzimele iziphetho ezafinyelelwa ngusosayensi waseMonsanto nabanye ababhali," Kusho IARC. UKelland ubhalile izindaba eziningana ukugxeka i-IARC; imibhalo ekhishwe ngo-2019 qinisekisa ukuthi uMonsanto wayenesandla ngasese kokunye ukubika kwakhe.

U-Lynas usebenzise omunye umthombo ukuvikela izimangalo zakhe ngokungalungile e-IARC: UDavid Zaruk, owake waba khona umkhakha wamakhemikhali wemboni yamakhemikhali owake wasebenzela inkampani yezobudlelwano nomphakathi iBurson-Marsteller.

FAKA ISICELO: IGlyphosate “iyikhemikhali eliyingozi kakhulu kwezolimo emhlabeni”

IQINISO: Lesi sitatimende asisekelwe kusayensi. Izifundo zixhuma i-glyphosate ku-a uhla lwezinkinga zezempilo kufaka phakathi umdlavuza, ukuphazamiseka kwe-endocrine, isifo sesibindi, ukukhulelwa okufushane, ukukhubazeka kokuzalwa kanye nokulimala kwamabhaktheriya amathumbu azuzisayo. Ukukhathazeka kwezemvelo kufaka nemithelela emibi ku inhlabathi, izinyosi futhi izimvemvane.

SOURCE: UMark Lynas uyi owayeyintatheli waphenduka ummeli wokuphromotha ngemikhiqizo yezolimo. Usebenzela i- ICornell Alliance for Science, umkhankaso we-PR ebekwe eCornell University exhaswa yiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation ukukhuthaza nokuvikela ama-GMO kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane.

Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo 

ACSH iwebhusayithi (Okthoba 2017)

FAKA ISICELO: Umbiko we-IARC we-carcinogenicity we-glyphosate wawuyicala "lokukhwabanisa kwesayensi"

IQINISO: I-ACSH isekele izimangalo zayo "zokukhwabanisa" emithonjeni emibili efanayo uMark Lynas weCornell Alliance for Science osetshenziswe ngenyanga eyodwa kamuva ukuhlasela i-IARC kuwebhusayithi yeCornell: eyokuqala umkhakha wamakhemikhali wemboni yamakhemikhali UDavid Zaruk kanye ne alungile ku-Reuters ukuthi kulandele amaphuzu okukhuluma ukuthi UMonsanto unikeze intatheli.

SOURCE: Umkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo a iqembu langaphambili ethola uxhaso kusuka amakhemikhali, okwelapha kanye nogwayi izinkampani, futhi ifaka izinsizakalo zayo kumaqembu ezimboni ngemikhankaso yokuvikela umkhiqizo, ngokusho kwe- kudalulwe imibhalo yangaphakathi. Ama-imeyili asuka ku-2015 asungula lokho IMonsanto yayixhasa i-ACSH futhi ngacela iqembu ukuthi libhale ngombiko we-IARC glyphosate. Umsebenzi we-ACSH uphendule ngokuthi bese bevele bebandakanyekile emkhakheni wokushicilelwa wenkantolo ephelele mayelana ne-agrichemicals, phthalates kanye ne-diesel.

UYvette d'Entremont, owaziwa nge- "Sci Babe"

I-Self Magazine esihlokweni (Okthoba 2018)

IZIMANGALO: “Ngezifundo ezingaphezu kuka-800 kuyo, alukho ucwaningo oluye lwabonisa izingxenye ze-Roundup ezidala umdlavuza”… “akuzange kube nezifundo ezinkulu ezithembekile ezibonisa ukuxhumana okuyimbangela phakathi kweRoundup nomdlavuza.”

IQINISO: Izifundo eziningi ezithembekile zixhumanisa iRoundup noma ingxenye yayo eyinhloko yeglyphosate nomdlavuza, kufaka phakathi ucwaningo olwethulwe ku-EPA ngawo-1980s ukuthi ososayensi be-EPA ngaleso sikhathi bathi kwakuwubufakazi bokukhathazeka ngomdlavuza. Kunezifundo eziningi kakhulu ongazibala, kepha izingcaphuno zingatholakala ku-2015 I-International Agency for Research on Cancer Monograph eGlyphosate.

Ngokwengeziwe, i- wide ukuhlaziywa kwesayensi wamandla okubanga umdlavuza we-glyphosate herbicides eshicilelwe ngoFebhuwari 2019 athola ukuthi abantu abanokuchayeka okuphezulu baba nengozi eyengeziwe yokuthola uhlobo lomdlavuza obizwa nge-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

SOURCE: U-Yvette d'Entremont "ungumhleli onikelayo" kuSelf Magazine onekholamu ebizwa nge- “SciBabe Explains.” ISelf Magazine ayivezi kubafundi bayo ukuthi iSciBabe abalingani nezinkampani ezikhiqiza imikhiqizo yazo. Ngo-2017, inkampani enandisa yokufakelwa iSplenda ihlangene neSciBabe ukusiza "ukunika amandla abalandeli be-SPLENDA® Brand ukuthi babambe iqhaza elibonakalayo ekuqhakambiseni izinganekwane mayelana ne-sucralose." Izinkampani zamakhemikhali zixhase ezinye zezingxoxo zakhe zokukhuluma ezingqungqutheleni zokulima.

UGeoffrey Kabat, udokotela wezifo zezifo

Iphrojekthi ye-genetic Literacy Project iwebhusayithi (Okthoba 2018)

FAKA ISICELO: IGlyphosate “icwaningisiswe kahle kakhulu ngobuthi kanti ukugxila okutholakala kubantu kuphansi kakhulu kangangoba asikho isidingo sokuqhubeka nokufunda… akukho lutho olusele ukufakazela olunye ucwaningo!”

IQINISO: Ebufakazini obufungelwe bufakazelwa ubufakazi obubhekene namacala aqhubekayo abhekene noMonsanto nomnikazi wayo uBayer AG, owayeyi-CEO yeMonsanto UHugh Grant wavuma inkampani ayikaze yenze ucwaningo lwe-epidemiology lwe-glyphosate-based herbicide formulations inkampani ethengisa. Le nkampani iphinde yafuna ukuvimba i- Ukuhlola ubuthi yokwakheka kwe-glyphosate yi-Agency for Toxic Substances and Registry Registry.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, lawa mazwana, uDkt Kabat awasho njengomthombo ongaziwa, awawanaki amaqiniso amabili abalulekile: izifundo ezizimele zixhuma i-glyphosate ezinhlotsheni eziningi izinkinga zezempilo nokukhathazeka kwemvelo, kanye nobufakazi obuvela emafayilini enkantolo buveza ukuthi iMonsanto iphazamise ukuhlolwa kwesayensi nokulawulwa kwe-glyphosate (bona izibonelo nemithombo lapha, lapha, lapha, Futhi lapha).

Ngokusho kweJaji uVince Chhabria, owengamele icala lakamuva lombuso elaphumela ekulimaleni kweMonsanto, amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-80, abamangali baveze ubufakazi obukhulu ukuthi iMonsanto ayisebenzisanga ngendlela efanelekile nokuphephile ekuphepheni komkhiqizo wayo. ” Ijaji wabhala futhi:

Mayelana nezinsalela zezibulala-zinambuzane kubantu, isayensi yakamuva ikhulisa ukukhathazeka ngokuthi imithethonqubo yamanje ayinikeli ngokuvikelwa kwezempilo okwanele. Bheka ukubikwa nguCarey Gillam, "Amakhemikhali ekudleni kwethu: Uma 'kuphephe' kungenzeka kungaphephi ngempela,”Nezincazelo zososayensi lapha, lapha futhi lapha.

SOURCE: UDkt Geoffrey Kabat ubuhlobo obude embonini kagwayi futhi ushicilele amaphepha avuna umkhakha kagwayi oxhaswe imboni kagwayi. Usebenza ebhodini labaqondisi benhlangano yabazali yeGenetic Literacy Project, okuyiyona isebenza neMonsanto kumaphrojekthi we-PR. UKabat ubuye ebhodini lokweluleka leqembu langaphambili Umkhandlu waseMelika weSayensi nezeMpilo.

UPatrick Moore, umxhumanisi we-PR

Ukuxoxwa ngevidiyo neCanal + (Mashi 2015)

FAKA ISICELO: "Ungaphuza ingxenye eyodwa kwezine ye- [glyphosate] futhi ngeke ikulimaze."

IQINISO: Ngisho neMonsanto ithi akufanele uphuze i-glyphosate. Ngokusho kwale nkampani iwebhusayithi, “I-glyphosate ayisona isiphuzo futhi akumele ifakwe - njengoba nje ubungeke uphuze imoto yokugeza imoto. Kuhlale kubalulekile ukusebenzisa imikhiqizo ngenhloso ehlosiwe futhi njengoba kuqondiswe kwilebula. ” (Okuthunyelwe kuphinde kucacise ukuthi uMoore “akayena umuntu olwela amalungelo abantu waseMonsanto noma umsebenzi.”)

SOURCE: UMorell uvezwe njengomunye wabasunguli beGreenpeace "obiza iqembu lakhe langaphambili" njengoba ephikisana nokususwa kwemikhiqizo enobuthi noma izimboni ezingcolisayo. Ngokusho kukaGreenpeace, "Kwasukasukela, UDkt. Patrick Moore wayeyilungu laseGreenpeace lokuqala. Manje usengumxhumanisi wobudlelwano nomphakathi ezinkampanini ezingcolisa iGreenpeace esebenza ukuzishintsha. ” Ngo-2014, uMorey wafakaza ekomitini Lezigele laseMelika ukuthi abukho ubufakazi besayensi bokuthi imisebenzi yabantu ibangela ukufudumala kwembulunga yonke.

UKevin Folta, PhD, uprofesa e-University of Florida

Tweets 2015 futhi 2013

FAKA ISICELO: “Ngake ngaphuza i- [glyphosate] phambilini ukukhombisa ukungabi nabungozi”… “Ngikwenze bukhoma futhi ngizokwenza futhi. Kumele ixutshwe w / coke noma c-berry juice. Kunambitheka insipho. Ayikho i-buzz ”

IQINISO: Ngenkathi uDkt Folta kungenzeka ukuthi wayidla i-glyphosate, lesi iseluleko esibi esivela kumthombo ongathembekile. Njengoba kuchaziwe ngenhla, ngisho neMonsanto ithi akufanele uphuze i-glyphosate.

SOURCE: USolwazi Folta uke udukise umphakathi ezikhathini eziningi mayelana nezixhumanisi zakhe zomkhakha wezolimo. Ku-2017, uDkt Folta wamangalela intatheli ephumelele i-New York Times nePulitzer-Prize u-Eric Lipton ngokubika Ukusebenzisana kukaFolta okungadalulwanga neMonsanto ukusiza ukunqoba ilebula ye-GMO. Icala lalikhona ixoshiwe.

U-Alison van Eenennaam, PhD, isazi sezakhi zofuzo, u-UC Davis 

ingxoxo yevidiyo kwiReal News Network (Meyi 2015)

FAKA ISICELO: “Ngicabanga ukuthi kunezihlaziyo eziningana eziphelele kakhulu ze-meta eziye zenziwa muva nje ezibonisa ukuthi ayikho imiphumela eyingqayizivele yobuthi noma ye-carcinogenicity ehambisana nokusetshenziswa kwe-Roundup. Kwakukhona i-German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment esanda kubuyekeza amakhulukhulu ezifundo zobuthi kanye nemibiko ecishe ibe yinkulungwane eshicilelwe, futhi yaphetha ngokuthi idatha ayikhombisanga i-carcinogenic noma i-mutagentic properties ye-glyphosate, futhi nokuthi i-glyphosate ayinabuthi ekuzaleni, ekuzaliseni, noma embryonic ukukhula kombungu ezilwaneni zaselebhu ... Futhi angizukubiza iJalimane njengezwe lapho ungalindela ukuthi benze khona ukuhlolwa kobungozi okungabhekanga ukuthi ithini imininingwane. ”

IQINISO: A Umbiko we-2019 ethunywe ngamaLungu ePhalamende e-European Union athola ukuthi i-ejensi yokuhlola ubungozi yaseJalimane "ikopisha futhi inamathisele amapheshana avela ezifundweni zeMonsanto." Bheka ukubika ku-Guardian ngu-Arthur Neslen, "Ukuvunyelwa kwe-EU glyphosate kwakususelwa embhalweni obhalwe uMonsanto, umbiko uthola."

SOURCE: UDkt van Eenennaam ungumgqugquzeli ohamba phambili wezilwane nezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo, futhi ungummeli oshisekayo wokwehliswa komthetho. Imibhalo ikhombisa ukuthi uxhumanisile nezinkampani zezolimo kanye namafemu abo obudlelwano bomphakathi ku-PR nokuthumela imiyalezo.

Ifilimu eliyi-Food Evolution 

Le documentary yobude besici ka-2017 ikhuthaza ukudla okwenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo njengesixazululo sendlala emhlabeni kepha icwebezela impikiswano ebalulekile enkabeni yenkulumompikiswano ye-GMO: ukuthi ngabe i-Roundup, umuthi wokubulala ukhula izitshalo eziningi ze-GM ezenzelwe ukumelana nawo, ubangela umdlavuza. Le filimu ayikhulumi ngisho nangombiko we-IARC othole ukuthi i-glyphosate iyinto engaba ngumdlavuza womuntu, futhi ithembele emithonjeni emibili kuphela yokuthi i-glyphosate ayiyona inkinga.

FAKA ISICELO: Le filimu ikhombisa izithombe zikaMonsanto uRobb Fraley enikeza inkulumo; lapho ilungu lezilaleli limbuza ngezifundo ezixhumanisa i-glyphosate nomdlavuza noma ukukhubazeka kokuzalwa, uFraley waqhweba isandla sakhe ngokunganaki wathi zonke lezo zifundo "zingumbumbulu wesayensi."

IQINISO: Ubufakazi obuvela ezifundweni zezilwane kanye nemininingwane ye-epidemiological eshicilelwe emaphephabhukwini ahloniphekile axhumanisa i-glyphosate nemithelela emibi eminingi efaka umdlavuza kanye nezinkinga zokuzalwa.

FAKA ISICELO: Umlimi uthi i-glyphosate “inobuthi obuncane kakhulu; iphansi kunekhofi, iphansi kunosawoti. ”

IQINISO: Ukuqhathanisa ubuthi bokuvezwa kwesikhashana kwe-glyphosate ezintweni ezifana nekhofi noma usawoti akubalulekile futhi kuyadukisa; Ukukhathazeka ngezixhumanisi zomdlavuza kususelwa ekuvezweni okungapheli, okuhlala isikhathi eside ku-glyphosate.

SOURCE: IFood Evolution yakhiqizwa nguScott Hamilton Kennedy, elandiswa nguNeil deGrasse Tyson futhi yaxhaswa yi-Institute for Food Technologists, iqembu lezebhizinisi lezimboni. Izitshudeni eziningi ziyibize ngo ifilimu ye-propaganda, futhi abantu abaningana okwaxoxwa nabo ngefilimu bachaza i- inqubo yokuqopha ngobuqili nenenkohliso. UProfesa we-NYU uMarion Nestle ucele ukukhishwa kule filimu, kodwa umqondisi wenqaba.

Inkundla Yabesifazane Ezimele

IMF iwebhusayithi (Agasti 2018)

FAKA ISICELO: "Iqiniso liwukuthi, i-glyphosate akuyona i-carcinogenic."

IQINISO: Lo mbhalo kaJulie Gunlock awunikeli usekelo lwesayensi ngezimangalo zawo; okuwukuphela kwezixhumanisi okuholela kumabhulogi e-IWF angaphambilini asola amaqembu ezemvelo ngokuqamba amanga futhi "esabisa omama ngokungadingekile."

SOURCEIsithangami Esizimele Sabesifazane ithuthukisa imikhiqizo kagwayi, iphika isayensi yezulu kanye nabalingani neMonsanto emicimbini yokuvikela izibulala-zinambuzane. I-IWF ixhaswa kakhulu yizisekelo zamaphiko angakwesokudla ezikhuthaza ukwehliswa kwemithetho yezimboni ezingcolisa.

I-International Food Information Council

IFIC iwebhusayithi  (Janawari 2016)

FAKA ISICELO: "Ukuzimisela kwe-IARC [ukuthi i-glyphosate iyi-carcinogen yomuntu okungenzeka] kutholakale ngochwepheshe abaningi ukuthi bakhiphe ngaphandle inqwaba yezifundo ezingatholanga bufakazi bokuthi i-glyphosate iyicancer. Ochwepheshe baphinde bathola ukuthi ukubuyekezwa kwe-IARC kususelwa kusayensi enamaphutha nengenalusizo, abanye baze bafika ngisho ekutheni isiphetho 'besingalungile neze.' ”

IQINISO: I-IFIC incike emithonjeni yezimboni ngalezi zimangalo, exhumanisa nezindatshana zikaVal Giddings, PhD, owayengumphathi weqembu lezokuhweba waphenduka Umxhumanisi we-PR embonini yezolimo; noKeith Solomon, isazi sezobuthi owaye kuqashwe uMonsanto ukuhlola umbiko we-IARC.

SOURCE: The Umkhandlu Wezokwaziswa Wokudla Womhlaba Wonke, exhaswa yizinkampani ezinkulu zokudla namakhemikhali, ithuthukisa futhi ivikele ushukela, okokunandisa okokuzenzela, izithasiselo zokudla, izibulala-zinambuzane, ukudla okusetshenzwe nama-GMO. Uhlelo lwe-Monsanto PR lukhonjwe i-IFIC njengomunye "wabalingani bemboni" lokho kungasiza ukuvikela i-glyphosate ekukhathazekeni komdlavuza.

Lesi sithombe esithunyelwe ekhasini le-IFIC glyphosate (bese sisuswa ngemuva kokuthi sisinakile) siyisibonelo sohlobo lwemiyalezo umkhakha wezokudla oyisebenzisayo ukuzama ukukholisa abesifazane ukuthi bathembe “ochwepheshe” babo.