Amandla enkampani, hhayi intshisekelo yomphakathi, empandeni yokulalelwa kwekomidi lesayensi ku-IARC

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

(Ishicilelwe okokuqala ku- Izindaba Zempilo Yezemvelo)

Shaya elinye iphuzu lamandla ezinkampani ngokuvikelwa komphakathi.

Ummeli waseMelika uLamar Smith, ongusihlalo wekomidi le-US House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, & Technology, usesimweni esibucayi ukulalelwa kwekomidi eligcwele kaFebhuwari 6 ene-ajenda ebhekiswe ngqo ekuhlaseleni abanye bososayensi abaphambili besifo somdlavuza.

Njengoba kunikezwe iqiniso lokuthi umdlavuza yiwo imbangela yesibili ehamba phambili yokufa e-United States, kubonakala kusobala ukuthi abenzi bomthetho bethu kufanele ukuthi basekele isayensi yomdlavuza kunokuba bazame ukuyivimba. Kodwa isenzo sikaSmith siza ngemuva kokuthi iWorld Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) icasule iMonsanto Co ngenkathi ithi i-pesticide glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko emikhiqizweni yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto, ukuthi ingaba yisifo somdlavuza.

Yize ukulalelwa kunesihloko esithi “Ekuvikeleni Ubuqotho Kwezesayensi: Ukuhlola Uhlelo lwe-IARC Monograph kanye neGlyphosate Review, ” indida yesichazi ayilahleki kulabo abebelandela imizamo kaSmith yokwehlisa nokubuyisa imali kule nhlangano ecwaninga ngomdlavuza.

In izincwadi eziya kubaholi be-IARC, USmith uye waphindaphinda ukulandisa okungamanga nezindaba ezinganembile ezitshalwe ngabalingani bemboni yamakhemikhali, futhi wabalula “isimo esibucayi salokhu kukhathazeka okuhlobene nezindleko zamadola abakhokhintela.”

Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi uhlelo lokubeka i-International Agency for Research on Cancer esihlalweni esishisayo lwaqala ukusebenza eminyakeni emithathu eyedlule lapho uMonsanto abikezela ukuthi ososayensi bomdlavuza bamazwe omhlaba bazothola umbulali walo wokhula ukuthi angaba nomdlavuza. Inkampani Kusho okuningi kwezokuxhumana kwangaphakathi kuvezwe ngamacala asanda kwenziwa.

Le mibhalo ikhombisa nokuthi kwakungoFebhuwari 2015, inyanga ngaphambi kokwahlukaniswa kwe-IARC, lapho abaphathi beMonsanto babekwa khona uhlelo lwamasu ukudicilela phansi ososayensi bomdlavuza. Lolu hlelo lwenzelwe "ukuhlelela ukukhala ngesinqumo se-IARC."

Imizamo yokukhohlisa umbono womphakathi mayelana ne-IARC yanyuka ehlobo eledlule lapho amaMonsanto allies spoon-fed a ukulandisa okungamanga entathelini yeReuters okhiqize indaba yezindaba edubule umhlaba wonke futhi ube yindawo ebalulekile yokukhuluma ekuhlaselweni kwemboni yamakhemikhali ngokumelene ne-IARC.

Le ndaba ithembele ekubekweni kososayensi we-IARC ogama lakhe lingu-Aaron Blair futhi wabika ukuthi uBlair ufihle imininingwane ebucayi ebizoguqula ukuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC glyphosate. AbakwaReuters abakaze banikeze isixhumanisi sokufakwa, okwangaleso sikhathi esasingafakwanga kunoma iyiphi inkantolo futhi sasingatholakali emphakathini.

Usihlalo uSmith wagijimisana nendaba, wathi uBlair "uvumile ukuthi uyazi ukuthi lolu cwaningo belungavimbela" ukuhlukaniswa kwe-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen engenzeka.

Noma ngubani othatha isikhathi sokufunda empeleni ukubekwa, esidlangalaleni manje, ibizobona ukuthi uBlair akakaze asho into enjalo, futhi empeleni waphikisana kaningi ukuthi imininingwane okukhulunywa ngayo ayihlaziywanga ngokuphelele futhi ingashicilelwanga ngakho-ke ibingafanele ukubhekwa yi-IARC.

Ukulandisa okungamanga okufanayo okucindezelwe imboni yamakhemikhali futhi okuphindwe nguSmith kusolwa i-IARC ngokususa ukuhlolwa okungatholi ukuxhumana phakathi kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza embikweni wayo wokugcina. USmith nethimba kungenzeka abazi noma abanendaba nokuthi ukususwa kwe-IARC bekuyizinto eziqinisekisiwe zeMonsanto zokuthi ososayensi bomdlavuza bathi akukwazanga ukufakazelwa.

Izikhulu ze-IARC Zinemininingwane amanga aqhutshelwa kubo yimboni yamakhemikhali kepha ukuzivikela kwehlele ezindlebeni ezingezwa.

IMonsanto idinga ukudicilela phansi ososayensi bomdlavuza bamazwe omhlaba ngoba bekuyi-IARC ekutholeni lokho kubangele amagagasi amacala ngokumelene neMonsanto, futhi kwagqugquzela izinyathelo zokuvimbela ikhemikhali kwamanye amazwe aseYurophu.

Kepha ngenkathi iMonsanto nezinye izimboni zamakhemikhali zikhathazekile ngezigidigidi zamaRandi emalini abayitholayo minyaka yonke kusuka emikhiqizweni esuselwa ku-glyphosate, ukuhlaselwa kwaleli qembu lesayensi elizimele kufanele sonke sikhathazeke.

Cishe amaphesenti angama-39 abesilisa nabesifazane abahlala e-United States kulindeleke ukuthi batholakale benomdlavuza ngesikhathi sokuphila kwabo, ngokusho kweNational Cancer Institute.

Ngalo nyaka kuphela, i-American Cancer Society ilinganisele ukuthi kuzoba nabantu abangaphezu kwezigidi eziyi-1.68 abasanda kutholakala benomdlavuza kanye nabangaphezu kuka-600,000 ababulawa ngumdlavuza. Emhlabeni jikelele, kunezigameko ezingaphezu kwezigidi eziyi-14 zomdlavuza ezenzeka unyaka nonyaka, futhi lelo nani kulindeleke ukuthi lifinyelele ezigidini ezingama-22 ngonyaka ka-2030.

Umdlavuza "uthinta cishe impilo yawo wonke umuntu, ngqo noma ngokungaqondile," futhi ngaphezu kwemali ekhokhelwa impilo nempilo kubiza i-United States izindleko ezingaphezu kwezinkulungwane ezingama- $ 200 ezindlekweni zokwelashwa nokulahleka komkhiqizo, ngokusho koMnyango wezeMpilo waseMelika (HHS) .

Ukuze sinciphise ukufa kwabantu ngenxa yomdlavuza kufanele sigxile kakhulu ekuwunqandeni kwasekuqaleni, futhi ingxenye enkulu yalokhu “kuvimbela okuyinhloko” ngokusho kombiko wango-2016 weHHS National Toxicology Program (NTP) “ukuhlonza umdlavuza. ”

Ngokusobala, izinkampani ezithengisa amakhemikhali ahlanganiswe nomdlavuza zikhetha ukubona i-IARC ikhokhelwa futhi idilizwa. Basho okuningi ngokusebenzisa igama elingenakuqanjwa Umkhandlu Wokunemba Ekucwaningweni Kwezempilo Komphakathi (CAPHR), engenzi-nzuzo esungulwe yi-American Chemistry Council ngonyaka owedlule ngenhloso ethile ye- ukugqugquzela “ukuguqulwa”We-IARC.

Kepha ukubona abenzi bomthetho bethu bekhuthaza ngentshiseko izintshisekelo zenkampani lapho izintshisekelo ezinjalo zokuphepha komphakathi zisengozini mhlawumbe ukwehla okusha kwezepolitiki zaseMelika. Lezi ngokoqobo zibalulekile ngokuphila nokufa.

Izisebenzi zethu zikahulumeni kumele zibhekane nezinqumo zazo, zisekele ososayensi abasebenzela ukukhomba ama-carcinogens, baphinde babuyele emuva baphikisana nezintshisekelo zezinkampani ezifuna ukudicilela phansi isayensi esongela inzuzo yayo.

Ubuqotho besayensi kufanele busho ngqo lokho.