Umbulali Wokhula waseMonsanto: Ukudalulwa Kwezesayensi Kwembuliwe

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Futhi ubone: I-MDL Monsanto Glyphosate Cancer Case Imibhalo Eyisihluthulelo Nokuhlaziywa
futhi Ilungelo Lase-US Lokumangalela I-EPA Yokukhishwa Kwemibhalo YeGlyphosate

NguCarey Gillam 

Izingcezu zepuzzle seziqala ukuhlangana, kepha kuze kube manje akusona isithombe esihle.

Uchungechunge lwemibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto Co lwembulwe kuleli sonto ngomyalelo wenkantolo okhombisa ukuthi izimangalo zenkampani ezinde mayelana nokuphepha kwemithi yayo ethengiswa kakhulu kunazo zonke iRoundup herbicide akuxhomekile kwisayensi ezwakalayo njengoba inkampani isho, kepha kwimizamo yokusebenzisa ubuqili isayensi.

UCongressman Ted Lieu waseCalifornia uye ubizele ukuthi kuphenywe yiCongress kanye noMnyango Wezobulungiswa ukuthi balubhekisise lolu daba, futhi weluleka abathengi ukuthi “masinyane” bayeke ukusebenzisa iRoundup.

"Kumele sithole ukuthi iMonsanto noma i-Environmental Protection Agency ilahlekise umphakathi," kusho uLieu esitatimendeni. "

Amakhulu amakhasi ama-imeyili namanye amarekhodi ube yingxenye yefayela lasenkantolo yomphakathi kuleli sonto ngenxa yeziphikiso zikaMonsanto ngemuva kokuthi ijaji lombuso eSan Francisco lathi ngeke besagcinwa bevalwe uphawu yize kungenzeka kube "namahloni" eMonsanto. IJaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria wengamele amacala angaphezu kwama-55 alethwe ngabantu abafakwe ngabantu abavela ezindaweni ezizungeze i-United States abasola ukuthi ukuvezwa kwe-Mousanto's Roundup herbicide kubangele bona noma abathandekayo babo ukuthi benze i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ngaphezu kwalawo macala, aqhubekela phambili ngokuhlanganyela kulokho okwaziwa ngokuthi yi- “multdistrict litigation (MDL), amakhulu amanye amacala enza izimangalo ezifanayo alindile ezinkantolo zombuso.

Imibuzo mayelana nesithako esiyinhloko ku-Roundup, ikhemikhali elibizwa ngokuthi i-glyphosate, ibilokhu ijikeleza iminyaka phakathi kocwaningo olukhulayo olubonisa ukuxhumana nomdlavuza noma ezinye izifo. I-International Agency for Research on Cancer ngo-2015 yahlukanisa i-glyphosate njenge- kungenzeka i-carcinogen yomuntu futhi ososayensi abaningi bamazwe ngamazwe babike ucwaningo olukhombisa ukuthi ikhemikhali lingaba nemithelela eminingi eyingozi kubantu.

Abamangali abasenkantolo babanga ukuthi ukuhlanganiswa kwe-glyphosate nabasebenza ngokusebenza okuthile abasetshenziswa emikhiqizweni ebizwa ngeMonsanto enophawu lwe-Roundup kuyingozi kakhulu kune-glyphosate iyodwa, kanti iMonsanto ifuna ukufihla leyo mininingwane.

UMonsanto ukuphikile ukuthi kunokuxhumeka komdlavuza ne-glyphosate noma i-Roundup futhi uthi iminyaka engama-40 yocwaningo kanye nokuhlolisisa okwenziwa izinhlangano ezilawulayo emhlabeni wonke kuqinisekisa ukuphepha kwayo. NgoLwesithathu a Ikomidi le-European Chemicals Agency uthe ukubuyekezwa kwayo kutholwe ukuthi i-glyphosate akuyona i-carcinogen.

Imibhalo ibonakala ikhombisa inkampani ukuthi ayinantshisekelo yokuhlola ukukhathazeka okwandayo ngemikhiqizo yayo kunokuthi ivikele izigidigidi zamaRandi emalini eyitholayo unyaka nonyaka kusuka ekubulaweni kokhula.

Kepha ukubheka imibhalo etholwe ngabamangali abavela eMonsanto njengengxenye yokutholwa okuyalelwe yinkantolo kubonakala kukhombisa inkampani ukuthi ayinantshisekelo yokuhlola ukukhathazeka okwandayo ngemikhiqizo yayo kunokuvikela izigidigidi zamadola emalini eyenzayo minyaka yonke kusuka ekubulaweni kokhula. Le mibhalo ikhombisa izingxoxo zezikhulu zeMonsanto ngemikhuba eminingi ehluphayo, kufaka phakathi ukubhalwa kwesipoki umbhalo wesandla we-glyphosate ongabonakala ubhalwe ngusosayensi ozimele, ozimele uMonsanto nabanye abadlali bemboni yamakhemikhali abazokhokhela ukubamba iqhaza. Omunye usosayensi onjalo kungadinga "ngaphansi kwezinsuku eziyishumi" ukwenza umsebenzi odingekayo kepha kungadinga ukukhokhwa okungaphezulu kwama- $ 10, amarekhodi akhombisa.

Ku-imeyili ka-2015, Isikhulu seMonsanto uWilliam Heydens uphakamise ukuthi abasebenzi baseMonsanto bangabhala ngephepha iphepha lokucwaninga njengoba wathi kwakwenziwe esikhathini esedlule: "Besizobhala izindleko ngokubhala kwethu bese bevele bahlele futhi basayine amagama abo ukuze bakhulume," UHeydens wabhala.

Ukuxhumana kwangaphakathi kukhombisa abaphathi benkampani bezwakalisa ukungeneliseki ngososayensi owayekhathazeka nge-glyphosate, nokungathandi ukwenza izifundo aziphakamisile kwakudingeka kwenziwe. Izikhulu zeMonsanto zixoxe ngesidingo sokuthi "kutholwe / kuthuthukiswe umuntu onethezekile nephrofayli ye-genetox ye-glyphosate / Roundup futhi ongaba nomthelela kubalawuli ... lapho kuvela izingqinamba ze-genetox."

Amanye amarekhodi akhombisa ingxoxo yangaphakathi yokuthi i-glyphosate kanye nama-surfactants akhiwa kanjani ngokubambisana ekungeneni kwesikhumba somuntu lapho kuvezwa; imibhalo ekhuluma ngesidingo “ukuvikela” ukwakheka ezisebenzisa i-tallow amine njenge-surfactant yize kwenziwa, ngaphandle kokukhathazeka ngobuthi obuthuthukisiwe lapho kuhlanganiswa i-glyphosate ne-tallow amine.

Futhi mhlawumbe okulahlwa kakhulu - amarekhodi angaphakathi akhombisa ukuthi isikhulu esiphezulu se-EPA esigabeni sezibulala-zinambuzane sisebenza ngokubambisana neMonsanto ukuvikela irekhodi lokuphepha le-glyphosate. UJess Rowland, obephethe umbiko we-EPA Cancer Assessment Committee Committee (CARC) obonisa ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate, utshele uMonsanto ukuthi uzozama ukuvimba ukubuyekezwa kokuphepha kwe-glyphosate eMnyangweni Wezempilo Nezinsizakalo Zase-US, wathi: “Uma ngikwazi bulala lokhu kufanele ngithole indondo, ” ngokusho kwe-imeyili yangaphakathi ye-Monsanto ka-2015.

IRowland “ingaba wusizo njengoba siqhubekela phambili ngokuvikela okuqhubekayo kwe-glyphosate,” kusho uDan Jenkins, umxhumanisi omkhulu wokulawula waseMonsanto, wabhala nge-imeyili ka-2015. URowland washiya le nhlangano ngemuva nje kokuba umbiko weCARC udalulwe emphakathini, wathunyelwa kuwebhusayithi ye-ejensi ngasekupheleni kuka-Ephreli 2016 ngaphambi kokuthi isuswe ezinsukwini ezimbalwa kamuva. Abameli bommangali banethemba lokususa uRowland emasontweni ambalwa ezayo, yize i-EPA ikuphikisile lokhu.

Imibhalo ekhishwe kuleli sonto ihlinzeka kuphela ngesifinyezo sokusebenza kwangaphakathi kweMonsanto uma kukhulunywa nge-glyphosate, futhi inkampani iphikise ukuthi ama-imeyili nokunye ukuxhumana kususwa kumongo ngabameli babamangali nabezindaba. Umsebenzi wenkampani wakhelwe "kwisayensi ezwakalayo," futhi “Ephethwe yimigomo ephakeme kakhulu yobuqotho kanye nokwenza izinto obala,” IMonsanto ithi.

I-EPA iphinde ivikele ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate, ekhipha umbiko ngoSepthemba lokho kuphetha ngokuthi i-glyphosate “cishe ayinakubangelwa umdlavuza kubantu.”

Kodwa embikweni okhishwe ngoLwesine, isigungu esikhethekile sokweluleka nge-EPA sathi ngeke bavumelane ngokugcwele nalesi sinqumo. Amanye amalungu ephaneli abukeze lolu cwaningo athi ucwaningo nge-glyphosate "lukhombisa ukuthi kungenzeka ukuthi i-glyphosate ithinte izigameko zomdlavuza." Leli qembu lathi i-EPA ibikubeka eceleni ngokungafanele okutholakele kwezinye izifundo, futhi "izimpikiswano eziningi ezethulwe" yi-EPA njengezisekela ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate "azikholisi."

Izimpendulo zangempela ngemithelela yangempela ye-Roundup empilweni yomuntu sekuphele isikhathi eside, kubhekwa iqiniso lokuthi i-glyphosate iyimithi yokubulala ukhula esetshenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni, futhi itholakala kakhulu kumasampula okudla namanzi nomchamo womuntu.

“Ukubaluleka kwalolu daba lokuthi ngabe i-Roundup iyawudala yini umdlavuza kukhulu kakhulu,” abameli babamangali kushiwo enkantolo yakamuva. "Ngeshwa, iMonsanto ayiqhamuki nokwabelana ngolwazi ngeRoundup nomphakathi."

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