Ukuphishekela iqiniso nokwenza izinto obala kwezempilo yomphakathi

IMonsanto Roundup & Dicamba Trial Tracker

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Le bhulogi ngu UCarey Gillam ivuselelwa njalo ngezindaba namathiphu mayelana namacala abandakanya imikhiqizo ebulala ukhula yaseMonsanto's glyphosate-based Roundup. Bona okwethu Amakhasi eMonsanto Papers ukuthola imibhalo yokuthola. Sicela ucabangele ukunikela lapha ukuxhasa uphenyo lwethu

October 22, 2020

INkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia iphika ukubuyekezwa kokulahleka kwecala leMonsanto Roundup

INkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia ayizukubuyekeza ukunqoba kwecala lowesilisa waseCalifornia elanqoba iMonsanto, laphinde lahlasela umnikazi waseMonsanto waseGerman, uBayer AG.

The isinqumo sokwenqaba ukubuyekezwa ecaleni likaDewayne “Lee” Johnson umaka okwakamuva ochungechungeni lokulahlekelwa yinkantolo ngenxa Bayer njengoba izama ukuqeda izindawo zokuhlala nabamangali ababalelwa ku-100,000 XNUMX abathi ngamunye noma abathandekayo bakhe bathuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kusukela ekuchayekeni kwe-Roundup nabanye ababulali bokhula baseMonsanto. Amajaji ekuhlolweni ngakunye kwezintathu okubanjwe kuze kube manje awatholanga lokho kuphela kwenkampani ukhula lwe-glyphosate-based kubangela umdlavuza kepha nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

“Sidumele ngesinqumo seNkantolo sokungabuyekezi isinqumo senkantolo yokudlulisa enkantolo ephakathi Johnson sizobheka nezinqumo zethu zomthetho ukuze siqhubeke nokubuyekeza leli cala, ”kusho uBayer esitatimendeni.  

Inkampani kaMiller, Inkampani yabameli bakaJohnson eseVirginia, ithe isinqumo seNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia siphikile “umzamo kaMonsanto wakamuva wokweqa umthwalo” ngokudala umdlavuza kaJohnson.

“Amajaji amaningi manje asekuqinisekisile ukuvumelana ngazwi linye kwejaji ukuthi iMonsanto ifihle ngenhloso ingozi yomdlavuza kaRoundup futhi yabangela uMnu. Johnson ukuba abe nomdlavuza obulalayo. Isikhathi sesifikile sokuthi iMonsanto iqede izicelo zayo ezingenasisekelo futhi ikhokhele uMnu Johnson imali emukweleta yona, ”kusho le nkampani.

Ijaji elavumelana ngazwi linye elatholakala ngo-Agasti 2018 lokuthi ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto kwabangela ukuthi uJohnson athuthukise uhlobo olubulalayo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ijaji labuye lathola ukuthi iMonsanto yenza ukufihla ubungozi bemikhiqizo yayo ngokuziphatha ngendlela emangazayo kangangokuba inkampani kufanele ikhokhele uJohnson $ 250 million ngokulimala kokujezisa ngaphezu kuka- $ 39 wezigidi kumonakalo odlule nowesikhathi esizayo.

Ngemuva kokudluliswa kwesinqumo esivela eMonsanto, ijaji lecala lanciphisa imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 289 kuya ku- $ 78 million. Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ibe isinqamula lo mklomelo waba ngu- $ 20.5 million, icaphuna iqiniso lokuthi uJohnson kwakulindeleke ukuthi aphile isikhashana nje.

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ithe yehlise indondo yomonakalo ngaphandle kokuthola kwakukhona ubufakazi "obuningi" bokuthi i-glyphosate, kanye nezinye izithako emikhiqizweni yakwaRoundup, yabangela umdlavuza kaJohnson nokuthi "kwakukhona ubufakazi obuqand 'ikhanda bokuthi uJohnson wahlupheka, futhi usazoqhubeka nokuhlupheka impilo yakhe yonke, ubuhlungu obukhulu nokuhlupheka. ”

Bobabili uMonsanto noJohnson bafuna ukubuyekezwa yiNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia, uJohnson ecela ukubuyiselwa umklomelo omkhulu wokulimala kanti uMonsanto ufuna ukuguqula isinqumo senkantolo.

IBayer ifinyelele ezindaweni zokuhlala nezinkampani ezimbalwa ezihola phambili zabameli ezimele isabelo esikhulu sezimangalo ezilethwe iMonsanto. NgoJuni, iBayer yathi izonikeza u- $ 8.8 billion kuya ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula icala.

October 1, 2020

Ikhanda likaBayer's Monsanto liyaqhubeka

I-migraine eyiMonsanto ibonakala ingahambi nganoma yisiphi isikhathi maduze kuBayer AG.

Imizamo yokuxazulula inqwaba yamacala alethwe e-United States ngamashumi ezinkulungwane zabantu abathi imithi yokubulala ukhula i-Roundup yabanikeza umdlavuza iyaqhubeka nokuqhubekela phambili, kepha ababheki kuwo wonke amacala asele, futhi nabamangali abanikezwanga ngezindawo zokuhlala ezivumelana nabo.

In incwadi eya kwiJaji Lesifunda laseMelika uVince Chhabria, Ummeli waseTexas uDavid Diamond uthe izethulo ezenziwe ngabameli ezihola izingxoxo zokuxazulula iBayer egameni labamangali azikhombisi ngokunembile isimo samakhasimende akhe. Ubalule “ukuntuleka” “kokuhlangenwe nakho okuhlobene nokuhlala” neBayer futhi wacela ukuthi iJaji uChhabria aqhubekele phambili ngamacala amaningi kaDiamond ukuze aqulwe.

“Izethulo zobuholi maqondana nokukhokhwa kwemali azimele izivumelwano zamakhasimende ami
okuhlangenwe nakho okuhlobene, izintshisekelo noma isikhundla, ”kusho uDiamond etshela ijaji.

UDiamond ubhale kule ncwadi ukuthi unamakhasimende angama-423 Roundup, afaka phakathi angama-345 anamacala asalindwe phambi kukaChabria ecaleni lamacala amaningi (MDL) eNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US esiFundeni esiseNyakatho neCalifornia. Eceleni kwe-MDL kunezinkulungwane zabamangali amacala abo asalindile ezinkantolo zombuso.

Ukufinyelela kukaDiamond kwijaji kulandele ukulalelwa ngasekupheleni kwenyanga edlule lapho amafemu amaningana aholayo enkantolo kanye nabameli bakaBayer batshele uChabria ukuthi sebesondele ekuxazululeni iningi lamacala, uma kungewona wonke, phambi kwejaji.

IBayer ifinyelele ezindaweni ezibalulekile namafemu abameli ahamba phambili abamele ingxenye enkulu yezimangalo ezilethwe iMonsanto. NgoJuni, iBayer yathi izonikeza u- $ 8.8 billion kuya ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula icala.

Kepha impikiswano nokuphikisana kuye kwacindezela ukunikezwa kokukhokha konke.

Abamangali abaningana abamele amafemu amakhulu nabakhulume ngombandela wokuthi amagama abo angasetshenziswa, bathe abahambisani nemibandela yezindawo zokuhlala, okusho ukuthi amacala abo azobhekiswa ekulamuleni futhi, uma lokho kwehluleka, ukulingwa.

Ngemuva kokuthenga iMonsanto e2018, iBayer ibisokola ukuthola ukuthi izophela kanjani enkantolo efaka abamangali abangaphezu kuka-100,000. Le nkampani ilahlekelwe yizilingo ezintathu kwezintathu ebibhekene nazo kuze kube manje futhi ilahlekelwe yizikhalazo zokuqala ezazifuna ukuguqula ukulahleka kwecala. AmaJury kwesinye nesinye sezivivinyo athola ukuthi ama-herbicides aseMonsanto's glyphosate, afana neRoundup, abangela umdlavuza nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

Imizamo yenkampani yokuxazulula leli cala iye yabekelwa eceleni yingqinamba yokuthi zingasuswa kanjani izimangalo ezingalethwa ngokuzayo ngabantu ababa nomdlavuza ngemuva kokusebenzisa imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yenkampani.

Izinkinga Zilokhu Zanda  

IBayer isabise ngokuthi izofaka ukuqothuka uma ingakwazi ukuvala icala leRoundup kanti ngoLwesithathu inkampani ikhiphe isexwayiso senzuzo futhi yamemezela izigidigidi zokuncishiswa kwezindleko, icaphuna “umbono ophansi kunalindelekile emakethe yezolimo” phakathi kwezinye izinto. Lezi zindaba zithumele amasheya enkampanini ewayo.

Ekubikeni izinkinga zikaBayer UBarron uqaphele: “Izinkinga zilokhu zanda njalo kuBayer nakubatshalizimali bayo, okumanje kumele basebenzise njalo izindaba ezingadumisi. Isitokwe manje sehle ngaphezu kuka-50% selokhu isivumelwano seMonsanto savalwa ngoJuni 2018. "Lokhu kubuyekezwa kwakamuva kunezela ecaleni lokuthi isivumelwano seMonsanto sibe ngesinye sezimo ezimbi kakhulu emlandweni wezinkampani."

September 24, 2020

Izilingo zomdlavuza weRoundup zisasongela iBayer, kepha izingxoxo zokuxazulula ziyaqhubeka

Abameli bomnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG kanye nabamangali abamangalela uMonsanto batshele ijaji lombuso ngoLwesine ukuthi bayaqhubeka nokwenza inqubekela phambili ekuxazululeni amacala asezweni lonke alethwe ngabantu abathi iMoonanto's Roundup ibenze baba nomdlavuza.

Ekulalelweni kwevidiyo, ummeli weBayer uWilliam Hoffman utshele iJaji Lesifunda lase-US uVince Chhabria ukuthi inkampani ifinyelele kwizivumelwano - noma isizofinyelela kwizivumelwano - ukuxazulula amacala angaphezu kuka-3,000 XNUMX aqoqelwe enkantolo yamacala amaningi (MDL) afakwe eNkantolo yesiFunda yase-US isifunda esiseNyakatho yeCalifornia.

Le nkampani ngokwehlukana isivele ixazulule izinkulungwane zamacala angaphandle kwe-MDL, amacala abelokhu eqhubeka ezinkantolo zombuso. Kodwa impikiswano nokuphikisana kuye kwaphazamisa ukunikezwa kokukhokhelwa ngokuphelele, ngezinsolo ezivela kumafemu abanye abamangali okuthi iBayer ibuyise izivumelwano ezifinyelelwe ezinyangeni ezedlule, kanti amafemu abanye abamangali angafuni ukuvumelana nalokho abakubheka njengokungeneli okwenziwe yiBayer.

Akukho obekuxoxwa ngakho ngalezo zikhalazo, nokho, ekulalelweni kwangoLwesine, izinhlangothi zombili ziveza imibono ethembayo.

“Inkampani iqhubekele phambili yaphothula izivumelwano eziningana namafemu…. sethemba nokuthi sizophothula ezinye izivumelwano ezinsukwini ezimbalwa ezizayo, ”kusho uHoffman etshela ijaji.

“Lapho sikhona njengamanje… lezi zibalo zilinganiselwe ngandlela thile kodwa ngicabanga ukuthi zisondele ngokufanelekile: Kunamacala angaba ngu-1,750 angaphansi kwezivumelwano eziphakathi kwenkampani nezinkampani zabameli namanye amacala abalelwa ku-1,850 kuya ku-1,900 asezigabeni ezahlukahlukene zengxoxo njengamanje, ”kusho uHoffman. "Sisebenzela ukwenza uhlelo lokusheshisa izingxoxo futhi ngethemba lokuthi sizoletha izivumelwano nalawo mafemu."

Ummeli wabamangali uBrent Wisner utshele ijaji ukuthi kubalulekile ukuthi wazi ukuthi kusele “amacala ambalwa” ngaphakathi kwe-MDL angakaxazululwa kuze kube manje. Kodwa, uthe - "Silindele ukuthi bazoba khona maduze."

IJaji uChhabria uthe ngokwenqubekela phambili uzoqhubeka nokuhlala kwamacala eRoundup kuze kube nguNovemba 2 kodwa uzoqala ukuhambisa amacala enkantolo uma engaxazululwa yilelo phuzu.

Ukusebenza Okubi kweBayer Kusolwa Ngokuthi

Ithoni yokubambisana evezwe ekulalelweni kwangoLwesine ibikude kakhulu nokulalelwa okwenziwe ngenyanga edlule lapho ummeli wabamangali u-Aimee Wagstaff  utshele iJaji uChhabria ukuthi iBayer ibingahloniphi izivumelwano zokuhlala okwenziwe okwesikhashana ezenziwe ngoMashi futhi bezihlose ukuphothulwa ngoJulayi.

IBayer yamemezela ngoJuni ukuthi ifinyelele esivumelwaneni samaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyishumi namafemu abameli baseMelika ukuxazulula iningi lezicelo zomdlavuza weRoundup ezingaphezu kuka-10. Kodwa ngaleso sikhathi amafemu abameli abaphambili kuphela ababehola amacala ayenezivumelwano zokugcina ezazisayinwe neBayer kwakunguMiller Firm neWeitz & Luxenburg.

Isivumelwano seMiller Firm sisodwa sifike ku- $ 849 wezigidi ukumboza izimangalo zamakhasimende angaphezu kuka-5,000 XNUMX Roundup, ngokusho kwemibhalo yezokukhokha.

Ezinze eCalifornia Baum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman Inkampani yezomthetho; i Andrus Wagstaff iqinile evela eColorado; kanye ne- Moore Law Group YaseKentucky yayinezivumelwano zokuzama kodwa hhayi izivumelwano zokugcina.

Ngokwencwadi ebhalwe nguWagstaff efakwe enkantolo, uBayer ucele ukwelulwa kaninginingi kuze kube yilapho isivumelwano nenkampani yakhe sihluleka maphakathi no-Agasti. Ngemuva kokubika izindaba kuJaji Chhabria, izingxoxo zokuxazulula izinkinga zaqala futhi zaba ekugcineni ixazululwe ngamafemu amathathu kulenyanga.

Imininingwane ethile lokuthi izindawo zokuhlala izophathwa zifakwe ekuqaleni kwaleli sonto enkantolo eMissouri. IGarretson Resolution Group, Inc., eyenza ibhizinisi njenge-Epiq Mass Tort, izosebenza njenge-
"Umlawuli Wokuxazululwa Kwamanga, ” ngokwesibonelo, kumakhasimende ka-Andrus Wagstaff amadola akhe okuzokhokha azodinga ukuthi asetshenziswe ngokwengxenye noma ephelele ukubuyisa izindleko zokwelashwa komdlavuza ezikhokhwe yi-Medicare.

UBayer uthenge iMonsanto e2018 ngesikhathi kuqala ukuhlolwa komdlavuza we-Roundup. Selokhu lalahlekelwa zontathu lezi zivivinyo ezintathu ebezibanjelwe kuze kube manje futhi selilahlekelwe imizamo yokuqala yokudlulisa amacala efuna ukuguqula ukulahleka kwecala. Amajaji kwesinye nesinye sezivivinyo athola ukuthi ama-herbicides kaMonsanto enza umdlavuza nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

Imiklomelo yamajaji ifinyelele ngaphezu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 2, yize izahlulelo ziyalelwe ukuthi zincishiswe ngamajaji asenkantolo yokuqulwa kwamacala.

IBayer ibisabise ngokuthi izofaka izicelo zokuqothuka uma kungatholakali indawo yokuhlala yonke, ngokusho kwezokuxhumana kusukela kumafemu wabamangali kuya kumakhasimende abo.

September 15, 2020

I-Bayer inks isebenza nezinkampani ezintathu zomthetho womdlavuza weRoundup njengoba ukuhlala kuqhubeka

IBayer AG ifinyelele emigomeni yokugcina nezinkampani ezintathu zabameli ezimele izinkulungwane zabamangali abathi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto i-glyphosate kubangele ukuthi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Amadili amasha enziwe nge-California Baum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman Inkampani yezomthetho; i Andrus Wagstaff iqinile evela eColorado; kanye ne- Moore Law Group waseKentucky. Amafemu ngalinye lafaka isaziso ngezibambiso neNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US yesiFunda esiseNyakatho neCalifornia ngoMsombuluko.

Amadili eza ngemuva kwezinsolo zezinkampani ezintathu zabameli zokuthi iBayer ibiphikisana nezivumelwano esezenziwe ezinyangeni ezedlule. Amafemu atshele inkantolo ngoMsombuluko ukuthi manje ngamunye wabo "banesivumelwano esisebenza ngokuphelele futhi esibophayo neMonsanto."

Ngokuphawulekile, amadili abonisa isinyathelo esibucayi ekuletheni ukuvalwa kwecala lokuhlukunyezwa kwabantu abaningi elineminyaka emihlanu manje elinamacala angaphezu kuka-100,000 alethwe ngabantu abavela e-United States abasebenzisa i-Roundup namanye ama-herbicides asuselwa e-glyphosate enziwe nguMonsanto ngaphambi kokuba waba nomdlavuza.

UBayer uthenge iMonsanto e2018 ngesikhathi kuqala ukuhlolwa komdlavuza we-Roundup. Selokhu lalahlekelwa zontathu lezi zivivinyo ezintathu ebezibanjelwe kuze kube manje futhi selilahlekelwe imizamo yokuqala yokudlulisa amacala efuna ukuguqula ukulahleka kwecala. Amajaji kwesinye nesinye sezivivinyo athola ukuthi ama-herbicides kaMonsanto enza umdlavuza nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla izingozi.

Imiklomelo yamajaji ifinyelele ngaphezu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 2, yize izahlulelo ziyalelwe ukuthi zincishiswe ngamajaji asenkantolo yokuqulwa kwamacala.

IBayer ibisabise ngokuthi izofaka izicelo zokuqothuka uma kungatholakali isixazululo ezweni lonke, ngokusho kwezokuxhumana okuvela ezinkampanini zabamangali kumakhasimende abo.

IBayer yamemezela ngoJuni ukuthi ifinyelele esivumelwaneni samaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyishumi namafemu abameli baseMelika ukuxazulula iningi lezicelo zomdlavuza weRoundup ezingaphezu kuka-10. Kodwa ngaleso sikhathi yizinhlaka ezimbili kuphela ezinkampanini zabameli ezazithweswe amacala amakhulu ezazinezivumelwano zokugcina ezazisayinwe neBayer - The Miller Firm neWeitz & Luxenburg, ngokusho kwemithombo esondelene nezingxoxo. Inkampani iBaum, i-Andrus Wagstaff kanye ne-Moore babe nezivumelwano zokuvumelana kepha hhayi izivumelwano zokugcina, kusho imithombo.

Imizamo yenkampani yokuxazulula leli cala iye yabekelwa eceleni yingqinamba yokuthi zingasuswa kanjani izimangalo ezingalethwa ngokuzayo ngabantu ababa nomdlavuza ngemuva kokusebenzisa imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yenkampani. UBayer uzame ukuthola imvume yenkantolo ngohlelo obekuzobambezela ukufakwa kwamacala amasha omdlavuza weRoundup iminyaka emine, futhi bekuzosungula "iphaneli lesayensi" elinamalungu amahlanu ukunquma ukuthi ngabe iRoundup ingadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, futhi uma kunjalo , kumazinga aphansi okuvezwa. Uma ngabe iphaneli linqume ukuthi akukho ukuxhumana okuyimbangela phakathi kwe-Roundup ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma lapho-ke amalungu ekilasi azovinjelwa ekufuneni okuzayo esikhathini esizayo.

Ijaji lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria wenqaba uhlelo,  ukuthumela iBayer emuva ebhodini lokudweba.

UBayer wayenakho kusho ngoLwesine ukuthi ibisenza inqubekela phambili ekusetshenzisweni kohlelo “olubukeziwe” lokuxazulula amacala angaba khona we-Roundup angakusasa. Imininingwane yohlelo lwesigaba esibuyekeziwe izophothulwa emasontweni azayo, ngokusho kweBayer.

Abamangali abaningana bebengajabule ngalesi sikhalazo, bethi ngeke bathole imali eningi yize beneminyaka yokwelashwa okubizayo komdlavuza kanye nobuhlungu nokuhlupheka okuqhubekayo. Ngempela, abamangali abaningi bashonile besalinde isinqumo.

NgoSepthemba 9, abameli bakaMarie Bernice Dinner nomyeni wakhe uBruce Dinner bafaka isicelo enkantolo sokuthi uMarie oneminyaka engu-73 ubudala washona ngoJuni 2 evela ku-non-Hodgkin lymphoma yena nomyeni wakhe abasolwa ukuthi babangelwa ukuvezwa kwakhe ngababulali bokhula baseMonsanto .

Abameli bakaBruce Dinner bacele inkantolo ukuthi ibavumele ukuthi bachithe isikhalazo ngeMonsanto ukufaka isimangalo sokufa ngokungekho emthethweni. Lezi zithandani bezishade iminyaka engama-53 futhi zinezingane ezimbili nabazukulu abane.

“UMarie Bernice wayengumuntu ongajwayelekile. Ukufa kwakhe bekufanele kuvinjelwe, ”kusho ummeli uBeth Klein, omele umndeni.

August 31, 2020

Indoda eshonayo icela iNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia ukuthi ibuyise umklomelo wejaji ecaleni likaMonsanto Roundup

Umgcini wezinkundla zesikole onqobe ukuqulwa kwecala okokuqala ngqa ngezinsolo zokuthi i-Roundup kaMonsanto ibangela umdlavuza ucela iNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia ukuthi ibuyisele imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 250 ukhishwa yijaji owalalela icala lakhe kodwa wancishiswa yinkantolo yokudlulisa amacala waba ngu- $ 20.5 million.

Okuqaphelekayo, ukuthi isikhalazo sommangali uDewayne “Lee” Johnson sinomthelela omkhulu kunecala lakhe uqobo. Ummeli kaJohnson unxusa inkantolo ukuthi ibhekane nenguquko engokomthetho engashiya abantu abanjengoJohnson ababhekene nokufa esikhathini esiseduze nemiklomelo yomonakalo omncane kunabanye okulindeleke ukuthi baphile iminyaka eminingi besezinhlungwini nasezinhlungwini.

“Sekuyisikhathi esidlule ukuthi izinkantolo zaseCalifornia zikwazi ukubona, njengoba kwenza ezinye izinkantolo, ukuthi impilo uqobo lwayo inenani nokuthi labo abancisha ngommangali iminyaka yokuphila kufanele benze isinxephezelo ngokugcwele kulowo ofaka isicelo bese bejeziswa ngokufanele,” kusho abameli bakaJohnson babhala esicelweni sabo ukubuyekezwa kwenkantolo ephakeme yombuso. “Ijaji lathi inani elibalulekile empilweni kaMnu. Johnson, futhi ngalokho uyabonga. Ucela le Nkantolo ukuthi ihloniphe isinqumo sejaji futhi ibuyise lelo nani. ”

Ijaji elavumelana ngazwi linye elatholakala ngo-Agasti 2018 lokuthi ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto's glyphosate, eyaziwa kakhulu ngegama lomkhiqizo i-Roundup, kwabangela ukuthi uJohnson athuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ijaji labuye lathola ukuthi iMonsanto yenza ukufihla ubungozi bemikhiqizo yayo ngokuziphatha ngendlela emangazayo kangangokuthi inkampani kufanele ikhokhele uJohnson $ 250 million ngokulimala kwezijeziso ngaphezu kuka- $ 39 million esikhathini esidlule nakusasa sesinxephezelo.

Ngemuva kwesikhalazo esivela kuMonsanto, esathengwa yinkampani yaseJalimane iBayer AG ngo-2018, ijaji lecala lanciphisa u- $ 289 million kuya ku- $ 78 million. IMonsanto idlulise icala ifuna ukulingwa okusha noma umklomelo owehlisiwe. UJohnson wadlulisa icala efuna ukubuyiselwa umklomelo wakhe ophelele womonakalo.

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala kuleli cala bese isika lo mklomelo waba ngu- $ 20.5 million, icaphuna iqiniso lokuthi uJohnson kwakulindeleke ukuthi aphile isikhashana nje.

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yehlise umklomelo womonakalo ngaphandle kokuthola kwakukhona ubufakazi "obuningi" bokuthi i-glyphosate, kanye nezinye izithako emikhiqizweni yakwaRoundup, yabangela umdlavuza kaJohnson nokuthi "kwakukhona ubufakazi obuqand 'ikhanda bokuthi uJohnson wahlupheka, futhi usazoqhubeka nokuhlupheka impilo yakhe yonke, ubuhlungu obukhulu nokuhlupheka. ”

Icala likaJohnson limbozwe yimithombo yezindaba emhlabeni jikelele futhi beka obala emizamweni kaMonsanto yokukhohlisa irekhodi lesayensi ku-glyphosate ne-Roundup kanye nemizamo yayo yokuthula abagxeki nokuthonya abalawuli. Abameli bakaJohnson banikeze ama-jurors ama-imeyili enkampani yangaphakathi namanye amarekhodi akhombisa ososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngamaphepha wesayensi abhala ghost ukuze bazame ukuxhasa ukusekelwa kokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yenkampani, kanye nezinhlelo zokuxhumana ezinemininingwane yokuhlambalaza abagxeki, nokuqeda ukuhlolwa kukahulumeni ubuthi be-glyphosate, ikhemikhali esemqoka emikhiqizweni kaMonsanto.

Ukunqoba kwecala likaJohnson kukhuthaze ukufakwa kwamaphutha ngamashumi ezinkulungwane zamacala amanye. IMonsanto ilahlekelwe yizilingo ezintathu kwezintathu ngaphambi kokuba ivumelane ngoJuni ukuthi ikhokhe imali engaphezu kwamaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyishumi ukukhokhela izicelo ezinjalo ezingaba ngu-10 100,000.

Isivumelwano ngu kusasebenza, kodwa-ke, njengoba iBayer ilwa nendlela yokuvimbela ukumangalelwa esikhathini esizayo.

Engxoxweni, uJohnson uthe wayazi ukuthi impi esemthethweni neMonsanto ingaqhubeka eminye iminyaka eminingi kodwa wayezinikele ekuzameni ukwenza inkampani iphendule. Ukwazile ukugcina ukugula kwakhe kulawula kuze kube manje ngokwelashwa ngamakhemikhali okuvamile kanye nokwelashwa ngemisebe, kepha akaqiniseki ukuthi lokho kuzoqhubeka isikhathi esingakanani.

"Angicabangi ukuthi kukhona inani elizokwanela ukujezisa leyo nkampani," kusho uJohnson.

August 18, 2020

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala iyasenqaba isicelo seMonsanto sokuqulwa kwamacala eRoundup

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala eCalifornia ngoLwesibili wenqaba oweMonsanto Umzamo wokunciphisa u- $ 4 million kusuka enanini lemali elikweleta umgcini wezinkundla zaseCalifornia onenkinga yokuphila nomdlavuza owatholwa yijaji kubangelwa ukuvezwa kwale ndoda kumuthi wokubulala ukhula weMonsanto's Roundup.

INkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala Yesifunda Sokuqala Sokudluliswa Kwamacala eCalifornia nayo isichithile isicelo senkampani sokuthi lolu daba ludingidwe kabusha. Isinqumo senkantolo silandele isinqumo saso ngenyanga edlule eshaya uMonsanto  ngokwenqaba kwayo amandla obufakazi bokuthi ababulali bayo bokhula base-glyphosate abangela umdlavuza. Kuleso sinqumo sangoJulayi, inkantolo yathi ummangali uDewayne “Lee” Johnson wethule ubufakazi “obuningi” bokuthi umbulali wokhula kaMonsanto ubangele umdlavuza wakhe. "Ingcweti ngemuva kokuthi isazi sinikeze ubufakazi bokuthi imikhiqizo ye-Roundup iyakwazi ukudala i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ... futhi yabangela umdlavuza kaJohnson ikakhulukazi," kusho inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala esinqumweni sayo sangoJulayi.

Kuleso sinqumo sangenyanga edlule, inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala, isike umklomelo wokweleta uJohnson, yayalela uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhe ama- $ 20.5 million, kwehle kusuka ku- $ 78 million eyalwe yijaji lecala futhi kwehla kusuka ku- $ 289 million eyalwe yijaji elanquma isinqumo sikaJohnson icala ngo-Agasti 2018.

Ngaphezu kwemali engu- $ 20.5 million iMonsanto ekweleta uJohnson, inkampani iyalelwa ukuthi ikhokhe u- $ 519,000 ngezindleko.

IMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer AG e2018, yayine unxuse inkantolo ukusika umklomelo kuJohnson uye ku- $ 16.5 million.

Isinqumo sikaDicamba naso sisamile

Isinqumo senkantolo sangoLwesibili silandele a Isinqumo sikhishwe ngoMsombuluko yiNkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala Yase-US Yesekethe Lesishiyagalolunye ekuphika ukuthi kuzokhulunywa kabusha ngesinqumo senkantolo sangoJuni sokuthi shiya imvume komkhiqizo wokubulala ukhula osuselwa ku-dicamba uBayer azuze njengefa eMonsanto. Leso sinqumo sangoJuni siphinde savimbela ngempumelelo ukubulala ukhula okwenziwe nge-dicamba okwenziwe yi-BASF kanye neCorteva Agriscience.

Izinkampani bezifake isicelo sokuthi iqembu elibanzi lamajaji emajaji wesekethe lesishiyagalolunye liqhubeke nokuzijwayeza leli cala, bethi isinqumo sokuhoxisa ukuvunywa kwemithetho yemikhiqizo besingafanele. Kodwa inkantolo yasenqaba ngokusobala leso sicelo sokulalela kabusha.

Esinqumweni sayo sangoJuni, iSekethe Lesishiyagalolunye lithe i-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) yephule umthetho ngesikhathi ivuma imikhiqizo ye-dicamba eyenziwe nguMonsanto / Bayer, BASF kanye neCorteva.

Inkantolo ikhiphe umyalelo wokuthi kuvinjelwe ukusetshenziswa komkhiqizo ngamunye wenkampani i-dicamba, ithole ukuthi i-EPA “ibubeka phansi kakhulu ubungozi” bemithi yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba futhi “yehluleke ngokuphelele ukwamukela ezinye izingozi.”

Isinqumo senkantolo esivimbela imikhiqizo yenkampani i-dicamba sabangela isiyaluyalu ezweni lasepulazini ngoba abalimi abaningi besoya kanye nokotini batshale izigidi zamahektare ezitshalo ezibekezelela izakhi ze-dicamba ezakhiwe yiMonsanto ngenhloso yokwelapha ukhula kulezo zinsimu ngemithi yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba eyenziwe izinkampani ezintathu. Ngokufana nezitshalo ezibekezelela i- “Roundup Ready” glyphosate, izitshalo ezibekezelela i-dicamba zivumela abalimi ukuthi bafafaze i-dicamba emasimini abo ukuze babulale ukhula ngaphandle kokulimaza izitshalo zabo.

Ngenkathi iMonsanto, iBASF neDuPont / Corteva bekhipha imishanguzo yabo yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba eminyakeni embalwa eyedlule bathi le mikhiqizo ngeke ivuthukele futhi ingene emikhakheni engomakhelwane njengoba izinhlobo zakudala zemikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula lwe-dicamba kwakwaziwa ukuthi ziyayenza. Kepha lezo ziqinisekiso zifakazelwe zingamanga phakathi kwezikhalazo ezisabalele zomonakalo we-dicamba drift.

Ngaphezulu kwamahektare ayisigidi ezitshalo ezingakhiqizwanga izakhi zofuzo ukubekezelela i-dicamba kwabikwa ukuthi zalimala ngonyaka owedlule ezifundazweni eziyi-18, inkantolo yombuso yakhipha isinqumo sayo ngoJuni.

August 5, 2020

IBayer icela inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ukuthi iphinde isike umklomelo wokulimala we-Roundup okweletwa umgcini wezindawo zaseCalifornia onomdlavuza

UBayer ucela inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala eCalifornia ukuthi inciphise u- $ 4 million kusuka enanini lemali elikweleta umgcini wezinkundla zaseCalifornia onenkinga yokuphila nomdlavuza owatholwa yinkantolo yecala eyadalwa ukutholakala kwale ndoda emithini yokubulala ukhula i-Roundup kaMonsanto.

Kwi "isicelo sokulalelwa kabusha”Ufake uMsombuluko eNkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala yesiFunda Sokuqala Sokudlulisa Amacala eCalifornia, abameli beMonsanto nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG bacele inkantolo ukuthi yehlise isamba esisuka ku- $ 20.5 million siye ku- $ 16.5 million womonakalo owanikezwa uDewayne“ Lee ”Johnson.

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala "ifinyelele esinqumweni esiyiphutha ngokuya ngephutha lomthetho," ngokusho kokufakwa kukaMonsanto. Udaba luguquka ngokuthi kulindeleke ukuthi aphile isikhathi eside kangakanani uJohnson. Ngenxa yokuthi ubufakazi ecaleni lathola ukuthi uJohnson wayelindelwe ukuthi aphile “kungadluli iminyaka emibili,” akufanele athole imali yezinhlungu zesikhathi esizayo nokuhlupheka okwabiwe isikhathi esingaphezu kweminyaka emibili - yize eqhubeka nokuphila ukubikezela, inkampani iyaphikisana.

Ngaphansi kwezibalo ezicelwe yiMonsanto, inkantolo kufanele isike kusuka ku- $ 4 million kuya ku- $ 2 million inani eli-odelwe ukulinyazwa okungekho komnotho esikhathini esizayo, (ubuhlungu nokuhlupheka.) Lokho kunganciphisa umonakalo jikelele wenhlawulo (owedlule nowesikhathi esizayo) uye ku- $ 8,253,209. Ngenkathi usagcizelela ukuthi akufanele ikweletwe noma yimuphi umonakalo wokujeziswa, uma kukhishwa imijeziso yokujeziswa kufanele ithunyelwe ngaphandle kwesilinganiso esingu-1-to-1 uma kuqhathaniswa nesinxephezelo, okuletha ingqikithi ku- $ 16,506,418, uMonsanto uphikisa ekufayeleni kwayo.

Ekuqaleni uJohnson wanikezwa amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-289 ngamajaji ngo-Agasti 2018, okwamenza waba ngummangali wokuqala ukuwina ezingeni lecala ngenxa yezimangalo zokuthi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto glyphosate kubangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi iMonsanto ifihle izingozi. Ijaji eliqulile icala lehlise lo mklomelo waba ngama- $ 78 million. IMonsanto idlulise icala ifuna ukulingwa okusha noma umklomelo owehlisiwe. UJohnson wadlulisa icala efuna ukubuyiselwa umklomelo wakhe ophelele womonakalo.

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ubuse ngenyanga edlule ukuthi kunobufakazi "obuningi" bokuthi i-glyphosate, kanye nezinye izithako kumikhiqizo ye-Roundup, yimbangela yomdlavuza kaJohnson. Futhi inkantolo ithole ukuthi "kwakukhona ubufakazi obuqand 'ikhanda bokuthi uJohnson wahlupheka, futhi usazoqhubeka nokuhlupheka impilo yakhe yonke, ubuhlungu obukhulu nokuhlupheka."

Kodwa inkantolo ithe umonakalo kufanele wehliswe ube yisamba esingu- $ 20.5 million ngenxa yenkinga yokuphila isikhathi esifushane kukaJohnson.

Ngokuhambisana nesidingo sayo sokwehliswa okuthe xaxa komonakalo, iMonsanto icela inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ukuthi inikeze ithuba lokulungiselela kabusha "ukulungisa ukuhlaziywa kwayo" nokuthi "iguqule isahlulelo ngezinkomba zokungena esahlulelweni
eyeMonsanto noma, okungenani, shiya umklomelo womonakalo wokujeziswa. ”

Icala likaJohnson limbozwe abezindaba emhlabeni jikelele futhi lafaka obala imizamo kaMonsanto yokukhohlisa irekhodi lesayensi ku-glyphosate ne-Roundup nemizamo yalo yokuthula abagxeki nokuthonya abalawuli. Abameli bakaJohnson banikeze ama-jurors ama-imeyili enkampani yangaphakathi namanye amarekhodi akhombisa ososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngamaphepha esayensi abhala ghost ukuze bazame ukuxhasa ukusekelwa kokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yenkampani, kanye nezinhlelo zokuxhumana ezinemininingwane yokuhlambalaza abagxeki, nokuqeda ukuhlolwa kukahulumeni ubuthi be-glyphosate, ikhemikhali eliyisihluthulelo emikhiqizweni kaMonsanto.

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zabamangali afake icala kuMonsanto enza izimangalo ezifana nezikaJohnson, kanti sekunezilingo ezimbili ezengeziwe selokhu kwaqulwa icala likaJohnson. Zombili lezo zilingo nazo ziholele ekutheni kukhishwe izinqumo ezinkulu ngokumelene neMonsanto. Bobabili nabo bangaphansi kwesikhalazo.

Izenzo zikaBayer zokunciphisa imiklomelo yemiklomelo yokulahleka kwecala likaMonsanto kuza njengoba inkampani ifuna ukukhokhela izimangalo zomdlavuza we-Roundup ezingaba ngu-100,000 XNUMX ezisalinde i-United States ezinkantolo ezehlukene. Abanye abamangali abajabule ngokuhlala imigomo, futhi basabisa ngokungavumi ukuthengiselana.

Isenzo ekudlulisweni kwesikhalazo sePilliod 

Esenzweni esihlukile sokudluliswa kwamacala esihlobene nokuqulwa kwamacala eRoundup, ngesonto eledlule abameli baka-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod wafaka isikhashana icela inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala eCalifornia ukuthi i-oda imivuzo yemiklomelo yabashadayo isamba esingu- $ 575 million. Lezi zithandani esezikhulile - zombili ziphethwe umdlavuza obuthakathaka ezisola ngokuvezwa yiRoundup - zithole ngaphezu kuka- $ 2 billion ngesikhathi kuqulwa icala, kepha ijaji lecala bese wehlisa umklomelo wejaji kuya ku- $ 87 million.

Ukushaywa komklomelo womonakalo kwakweqile, ngokusho kwabameli abamele lezi zithandani, futhi akujezisi ngokwanele uMonsanto ngokona kwayo.

"Amajaji amathathu aseCalifornia, amajaji amane okuqulwa kwamacala, namajaji amathathu okudluliswa kwamacala ababuyekeze ukungaziphathi kahle kukaMonsanto bavumelane ngazwi linye ukuthi kukhona" ubufakazi obuningi bokuthi uMonsanto wenza ngokunganaki nokuphepha ukuphepha kwabanye ngamabomu, "kusho umbiko kaPilliod. "Isimangalo seMonsanto sokuthi iyisisulu" sokungabi nabulungisa "kulokhu sizwakala siyize ngenxa yalokhu okutholwe ngazwi linye futhi okuphindaphindiwe."

Abameli bacela inkantolo ukuthi inikeze isilinganiso semali engu-10 kuya ku-1 yomonakalo wesijeziso kumonakalo wokukhokha.

"Izisulu zangempela zokungabi nabulungisa kuleli cala yiPilliods, bobabili abahlaselwe yisifo esibuhlungu futhi esiqeda amandla ngenxa yokungahambi kahle kukaMonsanto," kusho lo mfushane. "Ijaji, ekunqumeni ukuthi izakhamizi ezihloniphekile akudingeki zikubekezelele ukuziphatha okuyihlazo kukaMonsanto, liphethe ngokufanele ukuthi kungumonakalo omkhulu wokujeziswa kuphela ongajezisa futhi uvimbele iMonsanto."

July 30, 2020

Abanye abamangali base-US Roundup bakwenqaba ukusayina amadili okuhlala eBayer; $ 160,000 ukukhokha okujwayelekile kubhekwe

Abamangali ecaleni laseMelika le-Roundup baqala ukufunda imininingwane yalokho okushiwo yiBayer AG's $ 10 billion ukukhokhelwa kwezimangalo zomdlavuza empeleni kusho kubo ngamunye, futhi abanye abakuthandi abakubonayo.

Bayer kusho ngasekupheleni kukaJuni bekuxoxiswane ngezindawo zokuhlala nezinkampani zabammeli abakhulu abambalwa esivumelwaneni esizovala ngempumelelo iningi lezimangalo ezingaphezulu kuka-100,000 ezisalinde iMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer ngonyaka ka-2018. Abamangali abasenkantolo bathi bathuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ukuvezwa kwe-Roundup kaMonsanto namanye amakhemikhali okubulala ukhula enziwe ngekhemikhali elibizwa ngokuthi i-glyphosate, nokuthi iMonsanto yahlanganisa ubungozi.

Ngenkathi isivumelwano ekuqaleni sasibonakala njengezindaba ezinhle kubamangali - abanye asebenenkinga yeminyaka yokwelashwa komdlavuza nabanye abamangalela abashade nabo abangasekho - abaningi bathola ukuthi bangagcina bengenamali encane, kuya ngohlobo lwe izici. Amafemu abameli, noma kunjalo, ayengafaka ephaketheni amakhulu ezigidi zamaRandi.

“Kuyimpumelelo ezinkampanini zabameli nokushaywa ngempama ebusweni balabo abalimele” kusho omunye ummangali, ongathandanga negama lakhe.

Abamangali batshelwa ukuthi kumele banqume emasontweni ambalwa ezayo ukuthi bazokwamukela yini ukukhokhelwa, yize bengeke bazi ukuthi bazokhokhwa malini uqobo kuze kube kamuva. Zonke izivumelwano zokukhokhelwa ziyalela abamangali ukuthi bangakhulumi esidlangalaleni ngemininingwane, babasongele ngokujeziswa uma bexoxa ngezindawo zokuhlala nanoma ngubani omunye ngaphandle "kwamalungu omndeni asondele" noma umeluleki wezezimali.

Lokhu kuthukuthelise abanye abathi bacabanga ukwenqaba lezi zindawo ngenhloso yokufuna ezinye izinkampani zabameli ukuze ziphathe izicelo zabo. Le ntatheli ibuyekeze imibhalo ethunyelwe kubamangali abaningi.

Kulabo abavumayo, izinkokhelo zingenziwa ngaphambi kukaFebhuwari, noma inqubo yokukhokha bonke abamangali kulindeleke ukuthi yelule unyaka noma ngaphezulu. Ukuxhumana okuthunyelwe kusuka kumafemu abameli kuya kumakhasimende abo e-Roundup kudweba zombili inqubo umuntu ngamunye ohlaselwe ngumdlavuza azodinga ukuyenza ukuze athole ukukhokhelwa kwezezimali nokuthi lokho kukhokhelwa kungabiza ini. Imibandela yamadili iyahluka kusuka enkampanini yabameli kuya enkampanini yabameli, okusho ukuthi abamangali abakhona ngokufanayo bangagcina ngokuhlala ezindaweni ezihluke kakhulu.

Esinye sezivumelwano ezinamandla kubonakala sengathi esinye okuxoxiswene ngaso IMiller Firm, futhi nalokho kuyadumaza kwamanye amaklayenti wefemu. Kwezokuxhumana namakhasimende, inkampani ithi ikwazile ukuxoxisana cishe ngama- $ 849 wezigidi ezivela eBayer ukumboza izimangalo zamakhasimende angaphezu kuka-5,000 160,000 Roundup. Ifemu ilinganisela inani lemali ekhokhwayo ekhokhwayo kummangali ngamunye cishe kuma- $ XNUMX. Leyo mali iyonke izophinde yehliswe ngokudonswa kwemali yabameli nezindleko.

Yize izimali zabameli zingahluka ngokuqina nangommangali, abaningi ecaleni leRoundup bakhokhisa amaphesenti angama-30-40 ngemali ekhokhwayo.

Ukuze bakufanele ukukhokhelwa, abamangali kumele babe namarekhodi ezokwelapha asekela ukuxilongwa kwezinhlobo ezithile ze-non-Hodgkin lymphoma futhi bakwazi ukukhombisa ukuthi badalulwa okungenani unyaka ngaphambi kokutholakala kwabo.

IMiller Firm ibilokhu ihamba phambili ecaleni leRoundup kusukela ekuqaleni, ithola imibhalo eminingi yangaphakathi yeMonsanto esize ukunqoba zonke izilingo ezintathu zeRoundup ezigcinwe kuze kube manje. IMiller Firm isingathe ezimbili zalezo ziqulwa, yaletha abameli abasuka enkampanini yaseLos Angeles yaseBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman abazosiza ecaleni lika  UDewayne “Lee” Johnson ngemuva kokuba umsunguli weMiller Firm uMike Miller elimale kanzima engozini ngaphambi nje kokuthethwa kwecala. Amafemu womabili futhi asebenze ndawonye ekunqobeni icala labamangali bendoda nenkosikazi, U-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod. UJohnson uklonyeliswe ngama- $ 289 million kwathi amaPilliod aklonyeliswa ngaphezulu kwama- $ 2 billion yize abahluleli becala ecaleni ngalinye behlisa le miklomelo.

Ngasekuqaleni kwale nyanga, inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala eCalifornia wenqaba umzamo kaMonsanto ukuguqula isinqumo sikaJohnson, wakhipha isinqumo sokuthi kunobufakazi “obuningi” bokuthi imikhiqizo yakwaRoundup idale umdlavuza kaJohnson kodwa yehlisa umklomelo kaJohnson waba ngu- $ 20.5 million. Ukudluliswa kwamacala kusalindwe kwezinye izinqumo ezimbili ezibhekene neMonsanto.

Amagoli Abamangali

Ukunquma ukuthi ummangali ngamunye uthola malini ekuxazululeni iBayer, umphathi wesithathu uzokora umuntu ngamunye esebenzisa izinto ezibandakanya uhlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ummangali ngamunye athuthukile; ubudala bommangali lapho exilongwa; ubunzima besifo somdlavuza womuntu kanye nokwelashwa abakukhuthazelele; ezinye izinto eziyingozi; kanye nenani lokuchayeka ababenalo emithini yokubulala ukhula yeMonsanto.

Isici esisodwa sokuxazululwa okwabamba abamangali abaningi benganakile bekufunda ukuthi labo ekugcineni abathola imali kuBayer kuzofanele basebenzise izimali zabo ukubuyisa ingxenye yezindleko zemithi yabo yokwelapha umdlavuza ebikhokhelwa yiMedicare noma umshuwalense wangasese. Ngokunye ukwelashwa komdlavuza kufinyelela emakhulwini ezinkulungwane ngisho nasezigidini zamaRandi, lokho kungasula masinyane inkokhelo yommangali. Amafemu abameli aqoqa osonkontileka abavela eceleni abazoxoxisana nabanikezeli bemishwalense ukuthi bafune ukubuyiselwa imali enesaphulelo, abamangali batshelwe. Ngokuvamile kulolu hlobo lwamacala okuhlukumeza abantu abaningi, lezo zibopho zezokwelapha zingancishiswa kakhulu, kusho amafemu ezomthetho.

Kwesinye isici sesivumelwano esamukelwa ngabamangali, izindawo zokuhlala zizokwakhiwa ukugwema isikweletu sentela, ngokusho kwemininingwane enikezwe abamangali.

Izingozi Zokungahlali  

Amafemu abameli kumele athole iningi labamangali babo ukuthi bavumelane nemibandela yezindawo zokuhlala ukuze baqhubeke. Ngokwolwazi olunikezwe abamangali, izindawo zokuhlala ziyafunwa manje ngenxa yobungozi obuningi obuhambisana nokuqhubeka nokwenza ezinye izilingo. Phakathi kwezingozi ezikhonjiwe:

  • IBayer isabise ngokufaka isicelo sokuqothuka, futhi uma inkampani ithathe leyo ndlela, ukulungisa izimangalo zeRoundup kungathatha isikhathi eside kakhulu futhi ekugcineni kungaholela emalini encane kakhulu yabamangali.
  • Inhlangano Yokuvikelwa Kwezemvelo (EPA) wakhipha incwadi ngo-Agasti odlule etshela uMonsanto ukuthi i-ejensi ngeke ivumele isexwayiso somdlavuza ku-Roundup. Lokho kusiza amathuba esikhathi esizayo kaMonsanto okunqoba enkantolo.
  • Ukubambezeleka kwenkantolo okuhlobene ne-Covid kusho ukuthi izivivinyo ezengeziwe ze-Roundup akunakwenzeka unyaka noma ngaphezulu.

Akuyona into engavamile ngabamangali abasenkantolo enkulu yokuhamba ngamacala amakhulu ukuba bahambe bedumele ngisho nezindawo ezibonakala zinkulu okuxoxiswene ngazo ngamacala abo. Incwadi ka-2019 “Iziphesheli zeMass Tort: Ukuxoxisana ngegumbi langemuva kumacala amaningi eMultidistrict”Ngu-Elizabeth Chamblee Burch, uSihlalo Wezomthetho we-Fuller E. Callaway e-University of Georgia, ubeka icala lokuthi ukuntuleka kwamasheke namabhalansi ezinkantolo zamacala amakhulu kuhlomulisa cishe wonke umuntu othintekayo ngaphandle kwabamangali.

UBurch ubeka njengesibonelo icala mayelana nomuthi we-acid-reflux Propulsid, futhi wathi uthole ukuthi kwabamangali abangu-6,012 abangena ohlelweni lokukhokha, bangu-37 kuphela abagcina bathole imali. Bonke abanye abakatholi zinkokhelo kodwa bese bevele bevumile ukuchitha amacala abo njengesimo sokungena ohlelweni lokukhokha. Labo bamangali abangama-37 bebonke bathola okungaphansi kancane kuka- $ 6.5 million (cishe ama- $ 175,000 umuntu ngamunye ngokwesilinganiso), ngenkathi amafemu abameli abahola phambili athola ama- $ 27 million, ngokusho kukaBurch,

Ukubeka eceleni lokho abamangali abangakwenza noma abangakwazi ukuhamba nabo, abanye ababukeli bezomthetho abasondele ecaleni le-Roundup litigation bathi kube nokuhle okukhulu okutholakele ngokudalulwa kokwenza okubi kwenkampani nguMonsanto.

Phakathi kobufakazi obuye bavela ngaleli cala kukhona nemibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ekhombisa ukuthi le nkampani yakhelwe ukushicilelwa kwamaphepha esayensi abonakala ngamanga ukuthi enziwa ososayensi abazimele kuphela; ukuxhaswa, nokusebenzisana, namaqembu angaphambili asetshenziselwe ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi ababika ingozi ngemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto; nokusebenzisana nezikhulu ezithile ngaphakathi kwe-Environmental Protection Agency (i-EPA) ukuvikela nokuphakamisa isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuthi imikhiqizo yayo ayibanga umdlavuza.

Amazwe amaningana emhlabeni jikelele, kanye nohulumeni basekhaya kanye nezifunda zesikole, bathuthele ekunqandeni i-glyphosate herbicides, kanye / noma eminye imishanguzo yokubulala izinambuzane ngenxa yezambulo zecala leRoundup.

(Indaba iqale yavela ku- Izindaba Zempilo Yezemvelo.)

July 20, 2020

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala isekela ukuhlolwa kwesifo somdlavuza se-Roundup esivikela iMonsanto

Kokunye ukulahleka kwenkantolo komnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG, inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yenqabile umzamo wenkampani wokuguqula ukunqoba kwecala okwenziwe ngumgcini wesikole saseCalifornia owasola ukuthi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala uketshezi iMonsanto glyphosate kwamenza waba nomdlavuza, yize inkantolo yathi umonakalo kufanele usike ku- $ 20.5 million.

Inkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala Yesifunda Sokuqala Sokudlulisa Amacala eCalifornia kusho uMsombuluko ukuthi izimpikiswano zikaMonsanto zazingacabangi futhi uDewayne “Lee” Johnson wayenelungelo lokuqoqa imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 10.25 kumonakalo wesinxephezelo kanye nezinye izigidi ezingama- $ 10.25 kumonakalo wokujezisa. Lokho kwehle kusamba semali engu- $ 78 million esehlulelwe yijaji.

"Ngokubona kwethu, uJohnson wethule ubufakazi obuningi - futhi obukhulu - bokuthi i-glyphosate, kanye nezinye izithako zemikhiqizo yeRoundup, yimbangela yomdlavuza wakhe," kusho inkantolo. "Isazi ngemuva kokuthi isazi sinikeze ubufakazi bokuthi imikhiqizo ye-Roundup iyakwazi ukudala i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ... futhi yabangela umdlavuza kaJohnson ikakhulukazi."

Inkantolo yaqhubeka yathi “kwakukhona ubufakazi obuqand 'ikhanda bokuthi uJohnson wahlupheka, futhi usazoqhubeka nokuhlupheka impilo yakhe yonke, ubuhlungu obukhulu nokuhlupheka.”

Inkantolo ithe impikiswano kaMonsanto yokuthi okutholwe yisayensi mayelana nezixhumanisi ze-glyphosate nomdlavuza yakha "umbono omncane" awusekelwa.

Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yanezela ukuthi bekufanele kulinyazwe isijeziso ngoba kunobufakazi obanele bokuthi uMonsanto wenza “ngamabomu nangokungahloniphi ukuphepha kwabanye.”

UMike Miller, inkampani yakhe yabameli baseVirginia emele uJohnson ngesikhathi kuqulwa icala kanye neBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman firm yaseLos Angeles, uthe uthokozile ngesiqinisekiso senkantolo sokuthi uJohnson waba nomdlavuza ngokusebenzisa kwakhe iRoundup nokuthi inkantolo yaqinisekisa umklomelo wesijeziso umonakalo ngenxa “yokuziphatha kabi ngamabomu kukaMonsanto.”

“UMnu Johnson uqhubeka nokuhlushwa ukulimala kwakhe. Siyaziqhenya ngokulwela uMnu Johnson nokulandela kwakhe ubulungiswa, ”kusho uMiller.

IMonsanto ikweleta inzalo yaminyaka yonke ngesilinganiso samaphesenti ayi-10 kusuka ngo-Ephreli we-2018 ize ikhokhe isinqumo sokugcina.

Ukwehliswa komonakalo kuhlanganiswe nengxenye yokuthi odokotela batshele uJohnson ukuthi umdlavuza wakhe awupheli futhi akulindelekile ukuthi aphile isikhathi eside kakhulu. Inkantolo ivumelane neMonsanto ukuthi ngenxa yokuthi umonakalo okhokhelwayo wenzelwe ukunxephezela ubuhlungu besikhathi esizayo, ukuhlupheka kwengqondo, ukulahlekelwa yinjabulo yempilo, ukukhubazeka emzimbeni, njll. kumele yehliswe.

UBrent Wisner, ongomunye wabameli bakaJohnson ecaleni lakhe, uthe ukwehliswa komonakalo kuwumphumela "wephutha elijulile emthethweni waseCalifornia."

"Ngokuyisisekelo, umthetho waseCalifornia awumvumeli ummangali ukuthi alulame isikhathi esifushane sokuphila," kusho uWisner. “Lokhu kuvuza kahle ummangalelwa ngokubulala ummangali, kunokumlimaza nje. Kuwumsangano. ”

Ukugqama kokuziphatha kukaMonsanto

Kwakuyizinyanga ezimbili nje ngemuva kokuba iBayer ithenge iMonsanto, ngo-Agasti 2018, lapho ijaji elilodwa unikeze uJohnson u- $ 289 million, kufaka phakathi amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-250 emonakalweni wokujeziswa, ukuthola ukuthi akubulali nje kuphela imithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto ebangele ukuthi uJohnson athuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kepha nokuthi inkampani ibazi ubungozi bomdlavuza futhi yehluleka ukuxwayisa uJohnson. Icala lalibandakanya imikhiqizo emibili yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto glyphosate - iRoundup neRanger Pro.

Ijaji lecala lehlisa isinqumo esiphelele saba ngama- $ 78 million kodwa uMonsanto wasidlulisa isamba esincishisiwe. UJohnson cross unxuse ukuthi kubuyiswe isinqumo sango- $ 289 million.

Icala likaJohnson lambozwa abezindaba emhlabeni jikelele futhi labeka obala ekuziphatheni okungabazekayo kweMonsanto. Abameli bakaJohnson banikeze ama-jurors ama-imeyili enkampani yangaphakathi namanye amarekhodi akhombisa ososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngamaphepha esayensi abhala ghost ukuze bazame ukuxhasa ukusekelwa kokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yenkampani, kanye nezindlela zokuxhumana ezinemininingwane yokuhlambalaza abagxeki, nokuqeda ukuhlolwa kukahulumeni ubuthi be-glyphosate, ikhemikhali eliyisihluthulelo emikhiqizweni kaMonsanto.

Imibhalo yangaphakathi ibuye ikhombise ukuthi iMonsanto ibilindele ukuthi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer ihlukanise i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu okungenzeka noma kungenzeka ngoMashi ka-2015 (ukuhlukaniswa kwaba njenge-carcinogen okungenzeka kube khona) futhi yahlela isu kusengaphambili lokuhlambalaza ososayensi bomdlavuza ngemuva bakhipha ukuhlukaniswa kwabo.

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zabamangali afake icala kuMonsanto enza izimangalo ezifana nezikaJohnson, kanti sekunezilingo ezimbili ezengeziwe selokhu kwaqulwa icala likaJohnson. Zombili lezo zilingo nazo ziholele ekutheni kukhishwe izinqumo ezinkulu ngokumelene neMonsanto. Bobabili nabo bangaphansi kwesikhalazo.

NgoJuni, iBayer yathi isifinyelele ku-  isivumelwano sokuxazulula nabameli abamele amaphesenti angama-75 wabantu abacishe bafike ku-125,000 abafakelwe izicelo futhi abasazofakwa izicelo ezaqalwa ngabamangali baseMelika abasola ukutholakala kweM Roundanto kaMonsanto ngokuthuthukisa kwabo i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. IBayer ithe izohlinzeka ngo- $ 8.8 billion kuya ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula icala. Kepha abameli abamele ngaphezulu kwabamangaleli abangaphezulu kuka-20,000 XNUMX bathi abavumanga ukuvumelana neBayer futhi lawo macala kulindeleke ukuthi aqhubeke nokusebenza ngendlela yohlelo lwenkantolo.

Esitatimendeni esikhishwe ngemuva kwesinqumo senkantolo, uBayer uthe kusekela ukuphepha kukaRoundup: “Isinqumo senkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ukwehlisa umonakalo okhokhelwayo nesijeziso siyisinyathelo esiqonde ngqo, kepha siyaqhubeka nokukholelwa ukuthi isinqumo sejaji kanye nomonakalo imiklomelo ayihambisani nobufakazi obusecaleni nasenkantolo. IMonsanto izobheka izinketho zayo ezingokomthetho, kufaka phakathi nokufaka isicelo sokuphikisa iNkantolo Ephakeme yaseCalifornia. ”

July 8, 2020

IBayer ihlehla ohlelweni lokuqukethe izimangalo zomdlavuza zeRoundup ezizayo

Umnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG uhlehla ohlelweni lokuqukatha izimangalo zomdlavuza zeRoundup zesikhathi esizayo ngemuva kokuthi ijaji lombuso likubeke kwacaca ukuthi ngeke lisamukele lolu hlelo, oluzobambezela izilingo ezintsha futhi linciphise nokuthathwa kwezinqumo zamajaji.

Uhlelo lwahlanganiswa nguBayer neqembu elincane labameli lafakwa ngenyanga edlule eNkantolo yesiFunda e-US esiFundeni saseNyakatho saseCalifornia njengengxenye yomzamo weBayer wokuqeda ukuqulwa kwamacala osekuholele ekulahlekelweni kathathu ezinkantolo ezintathu zamajaji, okumangazayo imiklomelo yomonakalo wokujeziswa nokunganeliseki kwabaninimasheya. Abantu abangaphezu kwe-100,000 e-United States bathi ukuvezwa kwe-Monsanto's glyphosate-based Roundup herbicides kubangele ukuthi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) nokuthi iMonsanto kudala yazi futhi yafihla izingozi zomdlavuza.

NgoMsombuluko iJaji uVince Chhabria ikhiphe umyalo ukubeka ukulalelwa kwalolu daba ngoJulayi 24 futhi wakwenza kucace ukuthi ngeke alwamukele uhlelo lokukhokhelwa. "Wayengabaza ukufaneleka nobulungiswa bendawo yokuhlala ehlongozwayo," kubhala uChabria kulo myalelo.

Ngaphambi kwesinqumo sejaji, amaqembu amaningi afake izaziso zokuphikisana nohlelo lweBayer; icaphuna “ukuphambuka okukhulu emikhubeni ejwayelekile” wabiza indawo yokuhlala ehlongozwayo.

Eziphendulela, ngoLwesithathu iqembu labameli ebelihlele isivumelwano neBayer wafaka isaziso sokuhoxa kwecebo labo.

Uhlelo lokukhokhelwa okuhlongozwayo lwamacala ezinyathelo zesikhathi esizayo lwaluhlukile esivumelwaneni sokukhokha uBayer asenza nabameli babamangali asebevele bafaka amacala futhi enzelwe ukusiza iBayer ukuba iqukathe futhi iphathe isikweletu esizayo. Ngaphansi kwesakhiwo esihlanganiswe yiBayer kanye neqembu elincane labameli babamangali ukulungiswa kwesenzo sekilasi bekuzosebenza kunoma ngubani odalulwe ku-Roundup ongazange afake icala noma agcine ummeli kusukela ngoJuni 24, 2020, noma ngabe lokho umuntu usevele utholakale enomdlavuza abakholelwa ukuthi kungenxa yokuchayeka kweRoundup.

Lolu hlelo beluzobambezela ukufakwa kwamacala amasha iminyaka emine, futhi lucele ukuthi kusungulwe “iphaneli lesayensi” elinamalungu amahlanu elizothatha noma ikuphi okutholakele esikhathini esizayo mayelana nezicelo zomdlavuza ezandleni zamajaji. Esikhundleni salokho, kuzosungulwa i- “Class Science Panel” ezonquma ukuthi ngabe i-Roundup ingadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, futhi uma kunjalo, ngamazinga aphansi okuvezwa. IBayer izokwazi ukuqoka amalungu amabili kwamaphaneli amahlanu. Uma ngabe iphaneli linqume ukuthi akukho ukuxhumana okuyimbangela phakathi kwe-Roundup ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma lapho-ke amalungu ekilasi azovinjelwa ekufuneni okuzayo esikhathini esizayo.

IJaji uChhabria waphikisana nawo wonke umqondo wesigungu sesayensi. Ku-oda lakhe, ijaji labhala:

“Endaweni lapho kungenzeka ukuthi isayensi ithuthuka, bekungafaneleka kanjani ukuthi kuvalwe isinqumo esivela kuphaneli lososayensi kuwo wonke amacala azayo? Ukuhlola, cabanga ukuthi iphaneli linquma ngo-2023 ukuthi i-Roundup ayikwazi ukudala umdlavuza. Bese ucabanga ukuthi isifundo esisha, esinokwethenjelwa sishicilelwe ngo-2028 okusicekela phansi kakhulu isiphetho sephaneli. Uma umsebenzisi we-Roundup kutholakala ukuthi une-NHL ngo-2030, kufanelekile yini ukubatshela ukuthi baboshwe yisinqumo sephaneli sango-2023 ngoba akazange aphume esivumelwaneni ngo-2020? ”

IBayer ithe izobeka eceleni u- $ 1.25 billion ngaleli lungiselelo. Le mali izosetshenziselwa ukunxephezela amalungu ekilasi atholakale ene-NHL "ngemiphumela yokulibaziseka" kwamacala, nokuxhasa ucwaningo ngokutholakala nokwelashwa kwe-NHL, phakathi kokunye.

Abameli babamangali ababeka lolu hlelo ndawonye neBayer bama ukwenza imali engaphezu kwezigidi ezingama- $ 150 ngemali ekhokhwa yiBayer. Akuwona amafemu abameli afanayo ahole ukumangalelwa kuze kube manje. Leli qembu lamafemu omthetho lifaka phakathi uLieff Cabraser Heimann & Bernstein; Ukucwaningwa kwamabhuku & nozakwethu; I-Dugan Law Firm; nommeli uSamuel Issacharoff, uReiss Professor wezomthetho-sisekelo eNew York University School of Law.

Amalungu amaningana ezinkampani zabameli abahola phambili abawine izivivinyo ezintathu zomdlavuza weRoundup aphikisana nohlelo lokuxazululwa kwezigaba ezihlongozwayo, bethi luzonciphisa abamangali besikhathi esizayo amalungelo abo ngenkathi kunothisa labo abanye abameli abebengakaze babe phambili ecaleni leRoundup.

Akucaci ukuthi ukuhoxiswa kwalolu hlelo lokuhlonza izigaba ezihlongozwayo kungaba nomthelela onjani ekuhlawulisweni okukhulu kwezimangalo ezikhona. Bayer kusho inyanga edlule izokhokha kuze kufike ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula cishe amaphesenti angama-75 ezicelo zamanje futhi izoqhubeka nokusebenza ukuxazulula okusele. Lokho kukhokhelwa akudingi ukuvunywa yinkantolo.

IBayer ikhiphe isitatimende ngoLwesithathu ithi ihlale "izibophezele kakhulu esinqumweni esizobhekana ngasikhathi sinye namacala afanele kanye nesisombululo esisebenzayo sokuphatha nokuxazulula amacala angaba khona esikhathini esizayo."

July 6, 2020

Inkantolo iyakwenama ukuhlawuliswa kukaBayer okuhlongozwayo ngezigaba

Ijaji likahulumeni ngoMsombuluko belinamagama ahlabayo ngohlelo lukaBayer AG lokulibazisa amacala omdlavuza weRoundup angaba khona kanye nokuvimba izivivinyo zamajaji, egxeka isiphakamiso esingajwayelekile esenziwe yiBayer neqembu elincane labameli babamangali njengokuthi kungenzeka kube kungahambisani nomthethosisekelo.

“INkantolo iyakungabaza ukufaneleka nokulunga kwalesi sivumelwano esihlongozwayo, futhi ithambekele ekuphikiseni lesi sicelo,” kufundeka umyalelo wokuqala okhishwe yiJaji uVince Chhabria weNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US esiFundeni esiseNyakatho neCalifornia. Isikhundla sejaji sibukeka siyishaya ngamandla iBayer nemizamo yenkampani yokuxazulula ifa lamacala abhekene neMonsanto, iBayer eyathenga eminyakeni emibili eyedlule.

Abantu abangaphezu kwe-100,000 e-United States bathi ukuvezwa kwe-Monsanto's glyphosate-based Roundup herbicides kubangele ukuthi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) nokuthi iMonsanto kudala yazi futhi yafihla izingozi zomdlavuza.

Izilingo ezintathu zamajaji ziye zabanjwa eminyakeni emibili eyedlule kanti iMonsanto yalahlekelwa yibo bobathathu ngamajaji anikezela ngaphezu kuka- $ 2 billion kumonakalo. Wonke amacala manje asedlulisiwe futhi iBayer ibilokhu ihilizisana ukugwema ukuqulwa kwecala labasizi besikhathi esizayo.

Ngenyanga edlule iBayer ithe ikwenzile izivumelwano ezifinyelelwe ukuxazulula iningi lamacala afakwe njengamanje futhi abhale uhlelo lokusingatha amacala okungenzeka ukuthi azofakwa ngokuzayo. Ukusingatha le nkantolo njengamanje uBayer uthe kuzokhokha imali efinyelela ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula cishe amaphesenti angama-75 ezicelo zamanje futhi uzoqhubeka nokusebenza ukuxazulula okusele.

Ehlelweni lokusingatha amacala angaba khona esikhathi esizayo, IBayer ithe isebenzisana neqembu elincane labameli babamangali abamele ukwenza imali engaphezu kwamaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-150 ngenhloso yokuvumelana “nokuma” kweminyaka emine emacaleni okufaka amaphepha. Lolu hlelo luzosebenza kubantu abangatholwa ngokuzayo nge-NHL abakholelwa ukuthi kungenxa yokuchayeka kwe-Roundup. Ngokuphikisana nokukhokhwa kukaMonsanto ngamacala asalindile, ukukhokhelwa kwalesi senzo esisha "sekusasa" kudinga ukuvunywa yinkantolo.

Ngaphezu kokubambezela izivivinyo eziningi, isivumelwano sidinga ukuthi kusungulwe “iphaneli lesayensi” elinamalungu amahlanu elizothatha noma ikuphi okutholakele esikhathini esizayo ngezimangalo zomdlavuza ezandleni zamajaji. Esikhundleni salokho, kuzokwakhiwa i- “Class Science Panel” ezonquma ukuthi ngabe i-Roundup ingadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, futhi uma kunjalo, ngamazinga aphansi okuvezwa. IBayer izokwazi ukuqoka amalungu amabili kwamaphaneli amahlanu. Uma ngabe iphaneli linqume ukuthi akukho ukuxhumana okuyimbangela phakathi kwe-Roundup ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma lapho-ke amalungu ekilasi azovinjelwa ekufuneni okuzayo esikhathini esizayo.

Amalungu amaningana ezinkampani zabameli abahola phambili abawine izivivinyo ezintathu zomdlavuza weRoundup aphikisana nohlelo oluhlongozwayo lokuxazulula izinyathelo, bethi luzophuca abamangali besikhathi esizayo amalungelo abo ngenkathi kunothisa idlanzana labammeli abebengakaze babe phambili ecaleni leRoundup.

Lolu hlelo ludinga ukuvunywa kweJaji uChhabria, kodwa umyalelo okhishwe ngoMsombuluko ukhombise ukuthi akahlelile ukunikeza imvume.

“Endaweni lapho isayensi ingahle ithuthuke, bekungafaneleka kanjani ukukhiya i-
isinqumo esivela eqenjini lososayensi kuwo wonke amacala azayo? ” kubuza ijaji ngokulandelana kwalo.

Ijaji lithe lizobamba ukulalelwa ngoJulayi 24 ngesicelo sokuphasiswa kokuqala kokuxazululwa kwesenzo sabantu abasesigabeni. "Uma kubhekwa ukungabaza kweNkantolo njengamanje, kungaphikisana nentshisekelo yawo wonke umuntu ukubambezela ukulalelwa kwamacala ngaphambi kokuthola imvume yokuqala," ubhale kanjalo.

Ngezansi kwengcaphuno yomyalo wejaji:

June 26, 2020

Inselelo ebhekiswe kuhlelo lokwenziwa kwezigaba zokuhlala kweBayer Roundup

Uhlelo lokubambezela noma yiziphi izimangalo ezintsha zomdlavuza weRoundup iminyaka eminingi bese susa umbuzo obalulekile wokuthi ngabe umbulali wokhula uwubangela noma cha umdlavuza kusuka kumajaji kuya kuphaneli elikhethwe ngesandla lososayensi babhekene nokuphikiswa okungenzeka kwabanye babameli babamangali abaqala futhi bahola isimangalo esenziwa ngobuningi sibhekiswe kumenzi weRoundup uMonsanto, kusho imithombo esondelene necala.

Amalungu amaningana amafemu omthetho ahola izindondo ezintathu kwezintathu ezihlasela iziguli ezinomdlavuza elwa neMonsanto acabanga ukuphonsela inselelo imigomo yesiphakamiso "sezenzo zesigaba" esixoxiswene phakathi komnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG kanye neqembu elincane labameli abebengakaze okuhamba phambili ecaleni le-Roundup, kusho imithombo.

Isiphakamiso sokuxazulula isenzo sesigaba siyinto ye-skukhala ama- $ 10 billion Ukuxazululwa kwamacala eRoundup uBayer umemezele ngoJuni 24.

Esivivinyweni ngasinye esabanjwa kuze kube manje, amajaji athola ukuthi isisindo sobufakazi besayensi sifakazele ukuthi ukuvezwa kweRoundup kubangele ukuthi abamangali bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) nokuthi iMonsanto ihlanganise izingozi. Kepha ngaphansi kwesiphakamiso lowo mbuzo uzoya "ezinhlakeni zesayensi" ezinamalungu amahlanu, hhayi ijaji.

"Ngokuyisisekelo kunciphisa ummangali ilungelo labo lomthethosisekelo lokuqulwa kwecala," kusho omunye umthombo osondelene nale nkantolo.

Kukukhokhelwa kwesigaba okuvinjelwe izosebenza kunoma ngubani odalulwe ku-Roundup owayengazange afake isimangalo noma agcine ummeli kusukela ngoJuni 24, 2020, noma ngabe loyo muntu utholakale enomdlavuza noma ukholelwa ukuthi kungenxa yokuchayeka kweRoundup.

Uhlelo lwahlanganiswa yiBayer nezinkampani zabameli zikaLieff Cabraser Heimann & Bernstein; Ukucwaningwa kwamabhuku & nozakwethu; I-Dugan Law Firm; nommeli uSamuel Issacharoff, uReiss Professor wezomthetho-sisekelo eNew York University School of Law.

Lesi sivumelwano kufinyelelwe kuso ngemuva konyaka cishe owodwa "wemizamo engapheli" yezingxoxo, ummeli u-Elizabeth Cabraser Kusho isimemezelo enkantolo esekela ukuhlinzekwa kwesigaba okuhlongozwayo.

Kungabeka “isikhathi sokuma” lapho abamangali ekilasini abakwazi ukufaka amacala amasha ahlobene neRoundup. Futhi ifuna amalungu ekilasi ukuthi akhiphe "noma yiziphi izimangalo ezibhekiswe eMonsanto ngokulimala kokujeziswa kanye nokuqashwa kwezokwelapha okuhlobene nokuchayeka kwe-Roundup ne-NHL."

Okuphawuleka kakhulu ukuthi uhlelo luthi kunokuba kuqhutshekwe phambili nokuqulwa kwecala elinye lamajaji, kuzosungulwa iphaneli lososayensi ukunquma "impendulo eyiyo" "embuzweni osemkhawulweni" wokuthi ngabe kukhona ukuxhumana okuyimbangela phakathi kweRoundup neNHL .

Uhlelo kubiza iBayer ukukhokha kuze kufike ku- $ 150 million ngezimali nezindleko zabameli abathintekayo kanye “nemiklomelo yesevisi yabamele isigaba” efinyelela ku- $ 25,000 kumuntu ngamunye noma isamba esingu- $ 100,000.

Sekukonke, iBayer ithe izobeka eceleni imali engu- $ 1.25 billion ngaleli lungiselelo. Le mali ibizosetshenziselwa ukunxephezela amalungu ekilasi atholakale ene-NHL "ngemiphumela yokulibaziseka" kwamacala, nokuxhasa ucwaningo ngokutholakala nokwelashwa kwe-NHL, phakathi kokunye.

Isicelo sokufuna imvume yokuqala yalolu daba sifakwe ngoLwesithathu eNkantolo yesiFunda e-US sokuba isiFunda esiseNyakatho yeCalifornia siphathwe yiJaji uVince Chhabria. I-Chhabria ibibheke amacala amaningi we-Roundup ahlanganiswe ndawonye njengezikhalazo eziningi. Ekweluseni inqwaba yamacala asefakiwe, uChhabria wengamele olunye lwezilingo zeRoundup, kanye nalokho okwaziwa ngokuthi ukulalelwa kwe- "Daubert", lapho ezwa khona izinsuku zobufakazi besayensi ezinhlangothini zombili wabe esenquma ukuthi kunokwanele kwesayensi ubufakazi bokubangela ukuqhubeka kwamacala.

Isiphakamiso sokuhlala ngokuhlanganyela saxoxisana ngokuhlukile kunesivumelwano esikhulu esenziwe namafemu abameli abahola phambili.

In the ukuhlala okuyinhloko, I-Bayer ivumile ukuhlinzeka ngama- $ 8.8 billion kuya ku- $ 9.6 billion ukuxazulula cishe amaphesenti angama-75 wezicelo ezingaba ngu-125,000 ezifakiwe nezingagcwalisiwe ezilethwe ngabamangali abasola ukutholakala kweM Roundanto kaMonsanto ngokuthuthukisa kwabo i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Abameli abamele ngaphezulu kwabamangaleli abangaphezulu kuka-20,000 XNUMX bathi abavumanga ukuvumelana neBayer futhi lawo macala kulindeleke ukuthi aqhubeke nokusebenza ngendlela yohlelo lwenkantolo.

Yize iMonsanto ilahlekelwe yisilingo ngasinye kulezi ezintathu ezigcinwe kuze kube manje, iBayer igcina izinqumo zamajaji zinamaphutha futhi zisekelwe kumzwelo hhayi kwisayensi ezwakalayo.

Ukukhethwa Kwephaneli Yesayensi

UBayer nabameli besigaba esihlongozwayo bazosebenzisana ukuze kukhethwe ososayensi abahlanu abazohlala kulokho okuzoba yiphaneli "elingathathi hlangothi, elizimele", ngokohlelo. Uma bengavumelani ngokwakhiwa kwephaneli uhlangothi ngalunye luzokhetha amalungu amabili bese kuthi lawo malungu amane akhethe okwesihlanu.

Akekho usosayensi osebenze njengongoti kumacala we-federal multidistrict Roundup litigation ozovunyelwa ukuba abe sephaneli. Ngokuphawulekile, akekho noyedwa umuntu "oxhumane nanoma yimuphi uchwepheshe" ecaleni elibhekene nodaba.

Iphaneli lizoba neminyaka emine lokubuyekeza ubufakazi besayensi kepha lingacela ukuthi kwelulwe isikhathi uma kunesidingo. Ukuzimisela bekuzobopha nhlangothi zombili, kusho uhlelo. Uma iphaneli linquma ukuthi kukhona ukuxhumana okuyimbangela phakathi kwe-Roundup ne-NHL, abamangali bangaqhubekela phambili ukufuna izivivinyo zezimangalo zabo ngazinye.

"Ulwazi lunamandla futhi lokhu kuhlala kunika amalungu ekilasi ukuthi abambe iMonsanto ngokuziphendulela ngokulimala kwabo uma iSayensi Iphaneli ithola ukuthi le nkinga yenelisekile," kusho uhlelo.

Ukugcwaliswa kwenkantolo yenhlangano kucela ukulalelwa kokuqala kokuvunywa kungakapheli izinsuku ezingama-30.

June 24, 2020

IBayer ixazulula icala le-US Roundup, dicamba kanye ne-PCB ngemali engaphezu kwama- $ 10 billion

Ekuhlanzweni okubizayo kwezinkinga zamacala eMonsanto, iBayer AG ithe ngoLwesithathu izokhokha imali engaphezu kwamaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyishumi ukuxazulula amashumi ezinkulungwane zezimangalo zaseMelika ezilethwe iMonsanto nge-Roundup herbicide, kanye namaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-10 ukuxazulula amacala ngaphezu kweMonsanto i-dicamba herbicide kanye ne- $ 400 million yezimangalo zokungcola kwe-PCB.

Izinqumo kuza eminyakeni emibili ngemuva kokuthi iBayer ithenge iMonsanto ngamaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-63 futhi cishe ngokushesha yabona ukwehla kwamanani ezabelo ngenxa yesikweletu seRoundup.

IBayer imemezele ukuthi izokhokha imali eyizigidigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyisi-RNUMX ukuxazulula cishe amaphesenti angama-10.1 wezimangalo zabantu abalinganiselwa kwabangu-10.9 abasola ukutholakala kwababulali bokhula baseMonsanto bakaRoundup ababangele ukuba bahlakulele i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Lesi sivumelwano sibandakanya abamangali abagcine abameli ngenhloso yokufaka amacala kodwa amacala abo engakafakwa, kusho uBayer. Ngaphakathi kwenani eliphelele, ukukhokhwa kwe- $ 75 billion kuya ku- $ 125,000 billion kuzoxazulula amacala akhona manje kanti u- $ 8.8 billion ubekelwa eceleni ukuxhasa amacala angaba khona esikhathini esizayo, kusho inkampani.

Abamangali abafakiwe kulesi sivumelwano yilabo abasayinwe namafemu abelokhu behola i-Roundup federal multi-district litigation (MDL) kanti bahlanganisa iMiller Firm yaseVirginia, inkampani yaseBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman yaseLos Angeles kanye ne-Andrus Wagstaff firm waseDenver, eColorado.

"Ngemuva kweminyaka yamacala abalwa kanzima kanye nonyaka wokulamula okukhulu ngiyajabula ukubona amakhasimende ethu esezonxeshezelwa," kusho uMike Miller, wenkampani yabameli bakwaMiller.

Inkampani yakwaMiller kanye neBaum Hedlund basebenze ngokubambisana ukunqoba icala lokuqala lokuqulwa kwecala, lelo lika-Dewayne “Lee” Johnson wase-California. U-Andrus Wagstaff unqobe ukuqulwa kwecala lesibili kwathi iMiller Firm yalinqoba icala lesithathu lokuthi liqulwe. Sekukonke, lezi zilingo ezintathu zaholela ekutheni izinqumo zabasizi zifinyelele ngaphezu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 2.3, yize abahluleli ecaleni ngalinye behlisa izinqumo.

Amajaji kuzo zonke lezi zivivinyo ezintathu athola ukuthi ama-herbicides kaMonsanto, njenge-Roundup, abangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi iMonsanto yahlanganisa izingozi futhi yehluleka ukuxwayisa abasebenzisi.

Isigwebo ngasinye kulawa mathathu sesidlula kwinqubo yokudluliswa kwamacala manje kanti uBayer uthe abamangali kulawo macala abafakiwe esivumelwaneni.

UBayer uthe izimangalo zeRoundup zesikhathi esizayo zizoba yingxenye yesivumelwano sekilasi esivunyelwe yiJaji uVince Chhabria weNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US esiFundeni saseNyakatho saseCalifornia, owayalela inqubo yokulamula yonyaka wonke eyaholela ekuxazululeni.

Isivumelwano sizothatha noma yikuphi okutholakele esikhathini esizayo mayelana nezicelo zomdlavuza ezandleni zamajaji, kusho uBayer. Esikhundleni salokho, kuzoba nokwakhiwa kwe "Class Science Panel" ezimele. IClass Science Panel izonquma ukuthi ngabe i-Roundup ingadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, futhi uma kunjalo, ngamazinga aphansi okuvezwa. Bobabili abamangali besenzo sekilasi neBayer bazoboshwa ukuzimisela kweClass Science Panel. Uma iClass Science Panel inquma ukuthi alukho uxhumano oluyimbangela phakathi kweRoundup ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma lapho-ke amalungu ekilasi azovinjelwa ukuthi afune ngenye indlela kunoma yiliphi icala elizayo elibhekene neBayer.

UBayer uthe ukuzimisela kweClass Science Panel kulindeleke ukuthi kuthathe iminyaka eminingana futhi amalungu ekilasi ngeke avunyelwe ukuqhubeka nezimangalo zeRoundup ngaphambi kwalesi sinqumo. Futhi abakwazi ukufuna umonakalo wokujeziswa, kusho uBayer.

"Izivumelwano zeRoundup ™ zakhiwe njengesinqumo esakhayo nesifanelekile enkantolo eyingqayizivele," kusho uKenneth R. Feinberg, umlamuli oqokwe yinkantolo wezingxoxo zokuhlala.

Ngisho nalapho bememezela ukukhokhiswa, izikhulu zeBayer zaqhubeka nokuphika ukuthi i-glyphosate herbicides kaMonsanto ibangela umdlavuza.

"Iningi lesayensi likhomba ukuthi iRoundup ayiwudali umdlavuza, ngakho-ke, akuyena obhekene nezifo okusolakala ukuthi zibhekene naleli cala," kusho isikhulu seBayer uWerner Baumann esitatimendeni.

Ukusebenzisana kukaDicamba

I-Bayer iphinde yamemezela isivumelwano se-mass tort sokuxazulula amacala e-US dicamba drift, okubandakanya izimangalo ezivela kubalimi ezisebenzisa ama-dicamba herbicides akhiqizwe yi-Monsanto ne-BASF ukuthi afuthwe ngezitshalo ezibekezelela i-dicamba ezakhiwe yi-Monsanto zidale ukulahleka nokulimala kwezitshalo okwandile.

Ekulingweni ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka, iMonsanto kwathiwa akhokhe $ 265 million kumlimi wamapentshisi waseMissouri ngomonakalo we-dicamba drift engadini yakhe yezithelo.

Bangaphezu kwekhulu abanye abalimi abafake izicelo ezifanayo zomthetho. IBayer ithe izokhokha imali efinyelela ezigidini ezingama- $ 100 ukuxazulula udaba lwamacala ezifundazwe ezehlukene ezisalindwe eNkantolo yesiFunda saseMelika esifundeni saseMpumalanga yeMissouri, nezicelo zeminyaka yokulima ka-400-2015. Abamangali kuzodingeka ukuthi banikeze ubufakazi bokulimala komkhiqizo wezitshalo nobufakazi bokuthi bekufanele kungenxa yedicamba ukuze iqoqwe. Le nkampani ilindele umnikelo ovela kummangalelwa kanye nayo, i-BASF, kule ndawo yokuhlala.

Lesi sivumelwano sizohlinzeka "ngezinsizakusebenza ezidingeka kakhulu kubalimi" abake balahlekelwa isivuno ngenxa yokukhukhula kwemithi yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba, kusho ummeli uJoseph Peiffer wenkampani yabameli bePeiffer Wolf, emele abalimi abanezimangalo ze-dicamba.

"Isivumelwano esimenyezelwe namuhla yisinyathelo esibalulekile sokwenza izinto zilunge kubalimi abafuna nje ukuthi bakwazi ukubeka ukudla etafuleni laseMelika nasemhlabeni," kusho uPeiffer.

Ekuqaleni kwalenyanga a inkantolo yenhlangano yanquma ukuthi i-Environmental Protection Agency yephule umthetho ngesikhathi ivuma ama-dicamba herbicides enziwe yiMonsanto, BASF kanye neCorteva Agriscience. Inkantolo ithole i-EPA ingazinaki izingozi zomonakalo we-dicamba.

Indawo Yokungcola Kwe-PCB 

IBayer iphinde yamemezela uchungechunge lwezivumelwano ezixazulula amacala inkampani ethe zimelela kakhulu ukutholakala kwayo ezinkantolo ezibandakanya ukungcoliswa kwamanzi yi-PCB, okwenziwa yiMonsanto kwaze kwaba ngu-1977. Isivumelwano esisodwa sisungula isigaba esifaka bonke ohulumeni basekhaya abanezimvume ze-EPA ezibandakanya ukukhishwa kwamanzi okungakhubazekile Ama-PCB. IBayer ithe izokhokha isamba semali elinganiselwa ku- $ 650 million ekilasini, okuzodingeka ukuthi inkantolo ivume.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, iBayer ithe ingene ezivumelwaneni ezihlukene noMmeli-Jikelele waseNew Mexico, Washington, kanye ne-District of Columbia ukuxazulula izimangalo ze-PCB. Kulezi zivumelwano, ezihlukile ekilasini, iBayer izokhokha ngokuphelele cishe amaRandi ayizigidi eziyi-170.

UBayer uthe ukuphuma kwemali okungahle kube khona ngeke kweqe amaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-5 ngonyaka wezi-2020 kanye namaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-5 ngonyaka wezi-2021 ngemali esele esele izokhokhwa ngo-2022 noma kamuva.

June 22, 2020

Ummeli we-Roundup womdlavuza ulivuma icala lokuzama ukuqola

Ummeli waseVirginia owasiza ukumela ummangali wokuqala womdlavuza weRoundup ukuthatha uMonsanto ayokumangalela ecaleni wavuma icala ngoLwesihlanu ngokuzama ukudlulisa imali engamaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-200 kumthengisi wezinkampani zamakhemikhali aye eMonsanto.

UTimothy Litzenburg, 38, wavuma uhlelo lapho yena nomunye ummeli babesabisa khona ngokuthi bazolimaza kakhulu umphakeli ngaphandle kokuthi leyo nkampani ikhokhele abameli ababili imali efinyelela ezigidini ezingama-200 ezifihliwe "njengesivumelwano sokubonisana."

Ngokusho eMnyangweni Wezobulungiswa wase-US, ILitzenburg kusolakala ukuthi itshele inkampani ukuthi uma beyikhokha le mali, ubezimisele "ukudilika" ngesikhathi efaka imali, ehlose ngamabomu amathuba okuba abamangali besikhathi esizayo bazame ukumangalela.

ILitzenburg ibekwe icala elilodwa lokuzama ukukhwabanisa, ukwakha itulo nokudlulisa ukuxhumana kwangaphakathi ngenhloso yokuqola. Yena wavuma unecala kwesinye isibalo sokudlulisa ukuxhumana kwangaphakathi ngenhloso yokuqola.

Ummeli uDaniel Kincheloe, 41, wavuma unecala ukukhokhiswa okufanayo ngokuhlanganyela kulolu hlelo. La madoda kuhlelwe ukuthi agwetshwe ngomhlaka-18 Septhemba eNkantolo yesiFunda e-US esifundeni saseWestern Virginia.

"Lesi yisimo lapho abameli ababili beshaye khona badlula umugqa wommeli onolaka futhi bawela bangena endaweni yokuqola okungekho emthethweni, emzamweni wobudlabha wokuzicebisa ngokukhipha izigidi zamadola enkampanini yezizwe ngezizwe," Umsizi Wommeli Jikelele uBrian A. UBenczkowski esitatimendeni. Uthe isicelo sikhombisa ukuthi "uma kwenziwa ubugebengu, amalungu ebhawa, njengawo wonke amalungu omphakathi, azobhekana nezenzo zawo."

ILitzenburg ibingomunye wabameli bakaDewayne “Lee” Johnson okwaholela ecaleni likaJohnson lika-2018 lokulwa neMonsanto, okwaholela ekutheni $ 289 million amajaji kuvuna uJohnson. (Ijaji kuleli cala lehlisa isinqumo futhi icala selidlulisiwe.)

Ukuqulwa kwecala bekungelokuqala kwezintathu ezenzekile ngokumelene neMonsanto ngezinsolo zokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yenkampani efana ne-Roundup ibanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. IMonsanto, kanye nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG, balahlekelwe yizo zontathu lezi zilingo kuze kube manje kodwa badlulisa izinqumo.

Yize uLitzenburg ayesizile ukulungiselela uJohnson ukuqulwa kwecala, wayengavunyelwe ukubamba iqhaza ngesikhathi somcimbi ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngokuziphatha kwakhe okwakuphethwe yiMiller Firm, okwakungumqashi wakhe ngaleso sikhathi.

Inkampani yaseMiller ngabuye ngaxoshwa ILitzenburg futhi wafaka icala ekuqaleni kuka-2019 esola iLitzenburg ukuthi ibizenzela izinto zayo, kanye "nokuziphatha okungathembekile nokungahambi kahle." ILitzenburg iphendule ngo ukuphikisa isimangalo. Amaqembu axoxisana ngesivumelwano esiyimfihlo.

Isikhalazo sobugebengu esasibhekene neLitzenburg asizange sisho ukuthi inkampani iLezzenburg yazama ukuqola, kodwa yathi yaxhumana nale nkampani ngoSepthemba ka-2019 ngonyaka ithi yayilungiselela icala elalizosola ukuthi inkampani yahlinzeka ngamakhemikhali asetshenziswa iMonsanto ukudala iRoundup nokuthi inkampani beyazi ukuthi izithako ziyi-carcinogenic kodwa yehlulekile ukuxwayisa umphakathi.

Ngokwamacala ombuso, uLitzenburg utshele ummeli wale nkampani ukuthi uzama ukuqola ukuthi inkampani kumele ingene “ezinhlelweni zokubonisana” naye ukuze kudaleke ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo okuzomvimba ekutheni afake icala elisabekayo.

U-Litzenburg ubhale ku-imeyili ukuthi isivumelwano sokubonisana naye kanye nozakwabo esingu- $ 200 million “siyinani elifanele kakhulu,” ngokusho kwesikhalazo sobugebengu.

Abaphenyi bakahulumeni babhala ucingo neLetzenburg bexoxa ngezigidi ezingama- $ 200 ayezifuna, kusho isikhalazo. ILitzenburg kusolakala ukuthi yaqoshwa yathi: “Indlela engicabanga ukuthi niyacabanga ngayo futhi nicabange ngayo wukulondolozela uhlangothi lwenu. Angicabangi ukuthi lokhu kufakwa bese kuguqulwa kube yi-mass tort, noma ngabe nina niwina amacala bese nishayela inani eliphansi… Angicabangi ukuthi ikhona indlela yokuphuma kukho ngemali engaphansi kwezigidigidi zamaRandi. Ngakho-ke, niyazi, kimi, hawu, lena yintengo yokuthengisa umlilo okufanele niyicabangele… ”

ILitzenburg ithi imele cishe amakhasimende ayi-1,000 XNUMX amangalela iMonsanto ngezinsolo zomdlavuza weRoundup ngesikhathi eboshwa ngonyaka odlule.

June 17, 2020

Amaqembu ama-Big Ag athi inkantolo ayikwazi ukutshela i-EPA ukuthi kufanele ivimbele nini i-dicamba

Abahlukumezi abasindayo kunabo bonke batshele inkantolo yombuso ukuthi akufanele izame ukuvimba abalimi bakakotini nabasoya beGMO ekusebenziseni ababulali bokhula be-dicamba ngokungekho emthethweni ekupheleni kukaJulayi, yize inkantolo yakhipha umyalelo wokuthi kuvinjelwe ngokushesha.

Izinhlangano eziyisithupha zezentengiselwano zikazwelonke, zonke ezinokuxhumana okudala kwezezimali eMonsanto nakwezinye izinkampani ezithengisa imikhiqizo ye-dicamba okukhulunywa ngayo, zifake isikhalazo ngoLwesithathu eNkantolo Yezokudlulisa Amacala yaseMelika ngeSekethe Lesishiyagalolunye linxusa inkantolo ukuthi ingazami ukugxambukela. ngesimemezelo se-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sokuthi abalimi bangaqhubeka nokusebenzisa imikhiqizo ye-dicamba ngoJulayi 31.

Bacele nenkantolo ukuthi ingayibukeli phansi i-EPA njengoba kuceliwe ngamaqembu awine i- Juni 3 umyalelo wenkantolo ekhipha ukuvinjelwa.

"Abalimi baseMelika bakabhontshisi nabokotini bangaba sengozini enkulu yezezimali uma bevinjelwa ukusebenzisa i-Dicamba Products kule nkathi yokukhula," kusho umbiko omfushane owenziwe yi-American Farm Bureau Federation, i-American Soybean Association, iNational Cotton Council of America, iNational Association of Wheat Growers, National I-Corn Growers Association, nabakhiqizi be-National Sorghum.

Ngokwehlukana, iCropLife America, i-lobbyist enethonya embonini yezolimo, wafaka isikhashana  ithi ifuna ukunikeza "Ulwazi Olusizo eNkantolo." AbakwaCropLife basho lokhu kufayela ukuthi inkantolo ayinalo igunya lokuthi i-EPA iqhubeka kanjani nokusula ukusetshenziswa kwemikhiqizo yokubulala izinambuzane njengababulali bokhula i-dicamba.

Le minyakazo ingeyakamuva ezimweni eziningi ezalandela isinqumo seSekethe Yesishiyagalolunye, esathola ukuthi i-EPA yephule umthetho ngesikhathi ivuma imikhiqizo ye-dicamba eyenziwe nguMonsanto - ephethwe yiBayer AG, kanye nemikhiqizo edayiswa yiBASF, kanye IDuPont, ephethwe yiCorteva Inc.

Inkantolo ikhiphe umyalelo wokuthi kuvinjelwe ukusetshenziswa komkhiqizo ngamunye walezi zinkampani, ithole ukuthi i-EPA “ibubeka phansi kakhulu ubungozi” bayo leyo mikhiqizo kubalimi abatshala izilimo ngaphandle kokotini nobhontshisi obenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo.

I-EPA ibonakale iliphika i-oda, kepha, lapho utshele abalimi bakakotini nabasoya bangaqhubeka nokufafaza ukubulala ukhula okukhulunywa ngako ngoJulayi 31.

ICentre for Food Safety (CFS) namanye amaqembu abekade beyise i-EPA enkantolo ngalolu daba babuyele enkantolo ngesonto eledlule, bafuna ukuthi i-9 Circuit bamba i-EPA ngokwedelela. Inkantolo manje isicubungula leso siphakamiso.

"I-EPA nezinkampani ezibulala izibulala-zinambuzane zizamile ukudida lolu daba nokuzama ukwesabisa iNkantolo," kusho uGeorge Kimbrell, umqondisi wezomthetho we-CFS nommeli walaba bafaka izicelo. "INkantolo ibambe ukuthi lo mkhiqizo usebenzisa okungekho emthethweni kanti ubuqili be-EPA abunakukushintsha lokho."

Umyalo wokuvinjelwa kwemikhiqizo yenkampani i-dicamba ubangele isiyaluyalu ezweni lasepulazini ngoba abalimi abaningi besoya kanye nokotini batshale izigidi zamahektare ezitshalo ezibekezelela izakhi ze-dicamba ezakhiwe nguMonsanto ngenhloso yokwelapha ukhula kulezo zinsimu ngemithi yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba eyenziwe izinkampani ezintathu. Izitshalo zibekezelela i-dicamba ngenkathi ukhula lufa.

Amaqembu okwamukela izivakashi epulazini athi ngamafuphi awo ukuthi ama-acre angama-64 million atshalwe nembewu ebekezelela i-dicamba kule sizini. Bathe uma labo balimi bengakwazi ukufafaza amasimu abo ngemikhiqizo ye-dicamba bazoba “ngokuvikeleka kakhulu kukhula olumelana neminye imithi yokubulala ukhula, okubanga
imiphumela ebalulekile yezimali evela ekulahlekelweni komkhiqizo. ”

Ngenkathi iMonsanto, iBASF neDuPont / Corteva bekhipha imishanguzo yabo yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba eminyakeni embalwa eyedlule bathi le mikhiqizo ngeke ivuthukele futhi ingene emikhakheni engomakhelwane njengoba izinhlobo zakudala zemikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula lwe-dicamba kwakwaziwa ukuthi ziyayenza. Kepha lezo ziqinisekiso zifakazelwe zingamanga phakathi kwezikhalazo ezisabalele zomonakalo we-dicamba drift.

Ngaphezulu kwamahektare ayisigidi ezitshalo ezingakhiqizwanga izakhi zofuzo ukubekezelela i-dicamba kwabikwa ukuthi zalimala ngonyaka odlule ezifundazweni eziyi-18, kusho inkantolo yombuso kulesi sinqumo.

"Inhloso ye-EPA ukuvikela impilo yabantu kanye nemvelo…" kusho umongameli webhodi leNational Family Farm Coalition uJim Goodman. "Ukwedelela kwabo lo msebenzi bekungeke kuvezwe ngokucacile kunokunganaki kwabo okusobala isinqumo seNkantolo Yesishiyagalolunye Yesekethe Yokwedlulisa Amacala sokumisa izicelo eziphezulu kakhulu zedicamba ngokushesha ukuvimbela izigidi zamahektare ezitshalo zabalimi ukuba zingabhujiswa."

NgoFebhuwari, a Ijaji laseMissouri liyalile IBayer neBASF bakhokhele umlimi wamapentshisi amadola ayizigidi eziyi-15 kumonakalo wokunxephezela kanye namaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-250 kumonakalo wokujezisa ngomonakalo we-dicamba ezingadini zomlimi. Ijaji liphethe ngokuthi iMonsanto neBASF bakha uzungu ezenzweni ababazi ukuthi zizoholela ekulimaleni kwezitshalo okubanzi ngoba babelindele ukuthi kuzonyusa inzuzo yabo

June 15, 2020

Izidlakela zamakhemikhali ezethukile zifuna indlela enkantolo lapho kuvinjelwa ababulali babo bokhula

Bephawula “isimo esiphuthumayo,” imidondoshiya yamakhemikhali i-BASF ne-DuPont bacele inkantolo yombuso ukuthi ibavumele bangenelele ecaleni lapho inkantolo ekuqaleni kwenyanga yayalela ukuthi imithi yabo yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba ivinjelwe ngokushesha kanye nomkhiqizo we-dicamba owenziwe ngumnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG .

Isenzo sezinkampani zamakhemikhali silandela a Isinqumo sangoJuni 3 yiNkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala yase-US Yesekethe Lesishiyagalolunye eyathi i-Environmental Protection Agency (i-EPA) yephule umthetho ngesikhathi ivuma imikhiqizo ye-dicamba eyenziwe nguMonsanto / Bayer, BASF neDuPont, ephethwe yiCorteva Inc.

Inkantolo ikhiphe umyalelo wokuthi kuvinjelwe ukusetshenziswa komkhiqizo ngamunye wenkampani i-dicamba, ithole ukuthi i-EPA “ibubeka phansi kakhulu ubungozi” bemithi yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba futhi “yehluleke ngokuphelele ukwamukela ezinye izingozi.”

I-EPA weqe lowo myalo, kodwa-ke, ukutshela abalimi ukuthi bangaqhubeka nokufafaza ukubulala ukhula okukhulunywa ngako ngasekupheleni kukaJulayi.

Umfelandawonye wamaqembu amapulazi nabathengi abafake icala okokuqala bephikisana ne-EPA babuyela enkantolo ngesonto eledlule, ukucela umyalelo ophuthumayo ephethe i-EPA ngokudelela. Inkantolo yanikeza i-EPA kuze kuphele usuku ngoLwesibili, ngoJuni 16, ukuba iphendule.

Isiphithiphithi Ezweni Lepulazi

Umyalelo ovimbela imikhiqizo yezinkampani i-dicamba ubangele isiyaluyalu ezweni lepulazi ngoba abalimi abaningi besoya nabakotini batshale izigidi zamahektare ezitshalo ezibekezelela i-dicamba ezenziwe nguMonsanto ngenhloso yokwelapha ukhula kulezo zinsimu ngemithi yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba eyenziwe yilaba abathathu izinkampani.

“Uhlelo lwezitshalo lwe-dicamba” luhlinzekela abalimi ukuthi batshale amasimu abo ngezitshalo ezibekezelela i-dicamba, abangazifafaza “ngaphezulu-phezulu” ngombulali wokhula we-dicamba. Uhlelo luye lwacebisa izinkampani ezidayisa imbewu namakhemikhali futhi lusize abalimi abatshala ukotini okhethekile obekezelela i-dicamba noshuya ukubhekana nokhula olunenkani olumelana nemikhiqizo esekwe ku-glyphosate-based Roundup.

Kepha kwinani elikhulu labalimi abangazitshali izitshalo ezibekezelela izakhi zofuzo, ukusetshenziswa okubanzi kwe-dicamba herbicides kusho ukulimala nokulahleka kwezitshalo ngoba i-dicamba ithambekele ekukhuphukeni nasekukhukhulekeni amabanga amade lapho ingabulala khona izitshalo, izihlahla nezihlahlana hhayi ukuguqulwa kofuzo ukumelana nekhemikhali.

Izinkampani zithi izinhlobo zazo ezintsha ze-dicamba ngeke zande futhi zingahambi njengoba izinhlobo ezindala zemikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula lwe-dicamba kwaziwa ukuthi ziyayenza. Kepha lezo ziqinisekiso zifakazelwe zingamanga phakathi kwezikhalazo ezisabalele zokulimala kwe-dicamba drift. Ngaphezu kwamahektare ayisigidi okonakele kwezitshalo kwabikwa ngonyaka owedlule ezifundazweni eziyi-18, inkantolo yombuso yaphawula kulesi sinqumo sayo.

Abalimi abaningi baqale bagubha isinqumo senkantolo futhi bakhululeka ukuthi amapulazi abo kanye nezithelo zabo zezithelo zizosinda kuleli hlobo kumonakalo we-dicamba ababhekane nawo ehlobo langaphambilini. Kepha ukukhululeka kube okwesikhashana lapho i-EPA ithi ngeke iphoqe ngokushesha ukuvinjelwa okunqunywe yinkantolo.

Ekugcwaliseni okwenziwe ngoLwesihlanu, IBASF incenge inkantolo hhayi ukuphoqelela ukuvinjelwa ngokushesha futhi watshela inkantolo ukuthi kuzodingeka ivalwe indawo yokukhiqiza eBeaumont, eTexas, okwamanje "esebenza amahora angama-24 ngosuku cishe ngokuqhubekayo unyaka wonke" uma ingakwazi ukukhiqiza uhlobo lwayo lwe-dicamba herbicide olubiziwe Engenia. I-BASF isebenzise u- $ 370 million eminyakeni eyedlule ithuthukisa lesi sitshalo futhi iqashe abantu abayi-170 lapho, kusho inkampani.

Iqaphela "ukutshalwa kwezimali okukhulu" kumkhiqizo wayo, i-BASF iphinde yatshela inkantolo ukuthi kunokwanele komkhiqizo wayo njengamanje kuso sonke "isiteshi samakhasimende" sayo ukwelapha amahektare ayizigidi ezingama-26.7 kasoya nobotini. I-BASF inomkhiqizo owengeziwe obiza u- $ 44 million we-Engenia dicamba onawo, owanele ukwelapha amahektare ayizigidi ezingama-6.6 kabhontshisi nokotini, kusho inkampani.

UDuPont / Corteva wenze impikiswano efanayo, etshela inkantolo ekufayilini kwayo ukuthi ukuvinjelwa "kulimaza ngqo" inkampani "kanye nabalimi abaningi ezweni lonke abaphakathi nenkathi yokukhula." Kuzolimaza “isithunzi” senkampani uma kuvalwa umuthi wayo wokubulala ukhula, inkampani itshele inkantolo.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, iDuPont / Corteva ilindele ukudala "imali engenayo" ngokuthengisa umuthi wayo we-dicamba, obizwa ngeFeXapan futhi uzolahlekelwa yileyo mali uma ukuvinjelwa kuphoqelelwa, kusho inkampani.

IMonsanto ibisebenza kuleli cala elisekela ukugunyazwa kwe-EPA ngaphambi kwesinqumo, kepha bobabili i-BASF neDuPont bagomela ngokungeyikho ukuthi icala lasenkantolo lisebenza kuphela emikhiqizweni kaMonsanto hhayi kweyabo. Inkantolo ikubeke kwacaca nokho ukuthi i-EPA yamukele ngokungemthetho imikhiqizo eyenziwe yizo zontathu lezi zinkampani.

Iholwa yiCentre for Food Safety, isicelo esimelene ne-EPA silethwe yiNational Family Farm Coalition, iCentre for Biological Diversity, nePesticide Action Network eNyakatho Melika.

Ngokucela inkantolo ukuthi ithole i-EPA ngokwedelela, i-consortium ixwayise ngomonakalo wezitshalo ozofika uma imikhiqizo ye-dicamba ingavinjelwe ngokushesha.

"I-EPA ayinakubaleka ngokuvumela ukufafazwa kwamakhilogremu ayizigidi eziyi-16 ngaphezulu kwe-dicamba nokudala umonakalo ezigidini zamahektare, kanye nezingozi ezinkulu ezinhlotsheni eziyizinkulungwane ezisengozini yokuqothulwa," kusho le nhlangano. “Kukhona okunye futhi okusengcupheni: umthetho. INkantolo kumele isebenze ukuvimbela ukungabi nabulungisa futhi ibambelele ebuqothweni benqubo yokwahlulela. Futhi unikezwe okusobala
ukunganakwa kwe-EPA okukhonjisiwe ngesinqumo seNkantolo, abafaki bezikhalazo banxusa iNkantolo ukuthi ibukele phansi i-EPA. ”

June 11, 2020

Abamangali besifo somdlavuza baseRoundup balinde ngabomvu izindaba zokuhlala

Izinkulungwane zeziguli ezinomdlavuza nemindeni yazo ezungeze i-United States zaziswe kuleli sonto ukuthi kufanele kumenyezelwe isinqumo esiphelele sezimangalo zabo ababebhekene neMonsanto Co yangaphambili ngaphambi kokuphela kwenyanga.

Yize inani elithile lokukhokhwa kwabamangali lisazobekwa, amaqembu abamangali atshelwe ukuthi alindele imininingwane yesivumelwano sezimali esizomenyezelwa esidlangalaleni ngaphambi komnqamulajuqu kaJuni 30 obekelwe ukuqeda izingxoxo zonyaka wonke. Zonke izinsolo bakha i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kokuchayeka kumuthi wokubulala ukhula osuselwa eMonsanto's glyphosate-based, njenge-Roundup. Baphinde basola ukuthi inkampani ibazi ngobufakazi besayensi obukhombisa izingozi zomdlavuza ezihambisana nemikhiqizo yayo, kepha yasebenza ukucindezela imininingwane ukuvikela inzuzo yayo.

Abameli bomnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG kanye nabameli abamele abangaphezu kuka-50,000 XNUMX babamangali babambe iqhaza ezingxoxweni eziphikisanayo, zokuqala nokuma mayelana nokuxazululwa kwezinyanga ezimbalwa, kuphazamisa imindeni edonsa kanzima ngokwezimali nangokomzwelo ngezinkinga zokulwa nomdlavuza.

Abamangali abaningi balahlekelwe yimisebenzi namakhaya njengoba besebenza ngezindlela ezibiza kakhulu zokwelashwa komdlavuza kanti abanye bafe besalinde ukuxazululwa kwamacala abo, amarekhodi asenkantolo akhombisa. Isaziso se- ukufa kommangali onjalo yenziwe enkantolo yenhlangano eseSan Francisco ngoJuni 1.

Amafemu amaningi ahola phambili anezikhalazo ezinkulu avumile ngemibandela yesivumelwano esifuna ukuthi u- $ 8 billion- $ 10 billion akhokhwe yiBayer ngenhloso yokuthola isivumelwano sokuthi lawo mafemu ngeke afake izicelo ezintsha zomdlavuza kule nkampani, ngokusho imithombo esondelene necala.

Inani lemali ummangali ngamunye alitholayo lizoncika ezintweni eziningana. Izindawo zokuhlala kulindeleke ukuthi zihleleke ngakho-ke ngeke zikhokhiswe intela kwabamangali.

Ezinye izinkampani zabameli ezinabamangali bakwaRoundup kusamele ziphothule isivumelwano, futhi imihlangano yokuxazulula ubusaqhubeka ngesonto eledlule, kufaka phakathi nenkampani ezinze eLouisiana ePendley, Baudin & Coffin, ngokusho kwemithombo esondelene necala.

Okhulumela iBayer uChris Loder ngeke asiqinisekise isikhathi noma imigomo yanoma yisiphi isimemezelo, ethi kuphela ukuthi inkampani seyenze inqubekela phambili ezingxoxweni kodwa "ngeke aqagele ngemiphumela yezindlu noma isikhathi."

Uthe noma yisiphi isixazululo kufanele sibe "nesilinganiso sezezimali" futhi sinikeze "inqubo yokuxazulula amacala angaba khona esikhathini esizayo."

IBayer, eyathenga iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018, ibilokhu ifuna ukuqeda udaba lwamacala amakhulu olwehlise isitokwe senkampani, lwakhuthaza izinxushunxushu zabatshalizimali, futhi lwabeka nokuziphatha okungabazekayo kwezinkampani emphakathini. Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zaholela ekulahlekelweni kwemiklomelo yeMonsanto neyamajaji okungaphezulu kwama- $ 2 billion, yize amajaji wecala kamuva ayinciphisa kakhulu imiklomelo. IMonsanto idlulise ukulahlekelwa ngakunye kwalokhu okuthathu futhi manje ilinde isinqumo sokwedluliswa kwesinqumo ecaleni lokuqala - UJohnson v. Monsanto - ngemuva kwe- Juni 2 ukuphikisana ngomlomo. 

Yize kube nezingxoxo zokuxazulula izinkinga, inqubo yasenkantolo ibilokhu iqhubeka ngamacala amaningi. Kusanda kudluliswa amacala asuka ezinkantolo zombuso aya ezinkantolo zombuso ze-Roundup enkantolo yase-US District for the Northern District of California eSan Francisco. Futhi abameli beBayer bebelokhu bematasa befaka izimpendulo zabo ezinkantolo.

Edolobheni laseSt. Louis, Mo., idolobha lasekhaya lakudala likaMonsanto, icala likaTimothy Kane v. Monsanto linenkantolo yokulalelwa kwesimo ngoJuni 15 kanti icala lejaji lizoqala ngoJuni 29. Futhi yize kubonakala kungenakwenzeka Icala lizoqhubeka, ngoLwesithathu abameli balesi sikhondlakhondla samakhemikhali bafaka isicelo sokukhipha ubufakazi bokuthi omunye walabo bafakazi bamangalelwa.

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June 2, 2020

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ilalela izimpikiswano ngokulahleka kwecala lokuqala kukaMonsanto

Isinqumo sejaji laseCalifornia esola umuthi wokubulala ukhula waseMonsanto ngesifo somdlavuza wasesikoleni saba nephutha kakhulu futhi asihambisani nomthetho, ummeli waseMonsanto utshele iphaneli lamajaji okudluliswa kwamacala ngoLwesibili.

Imithi yokubulala ukhula yenkampani esekwe eglyphosate - edume kakhulu ngokuthi yiRoundup - isekelwa ngokugcwele yi-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) kanye "nabalawuli emhlabeni jikelele," kusho ummeli uDavid Axelrad etshela amajaji neNkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala yaseCalifornia Isifunda Sokuqala Sokudlulisa Amacala.

U-Axelrad uthe iMonsanto ayinaso isibopho sokuxwayisa noma ngubani ngengozi yomdlavuza okusolakala ukuthi inengcuphe yokunikwa umdlavuza uma kunesivumelwano esivumelanayo sokuthi ababulali balo babephephile.

“Empeleni akulungile ukubamba iMonsanto icala nokuyijezisela ilebula lomkhiqizo elingakhombisi ngokunembile ukuzimisela kwe-EPA kuphela kodwa nokuvumelana komhlaba wonke ukuthi i-glyphosate ayiyona eyomdlavuza,” kusho yena ekulaleleni kwehora lonke. Lokhu kuqhubeka kubanjwe ngocingo ngenxa yemikhawulo ye-COVID-19 ekufinyeleleni enkantolo.

U-Associate Justice uGabriel Sanchez ubuze ubuqiniso bale mpikiswano: "Unezifundo zezilwane… i-mechanism studies, unezifundo zokulawula amacala," esho, ekhuluma nommeli kaMonsanto. “Kunenqwaba yezifundo ezishicilelwe ezibuyekeziwe zontanga… eziphakamisa ubudlelwano obubalulekile phakathi kwe-glyphosate ne-lymphoma. Ngakho-ke angazi ukuthi ngivumelana nawe ukuthi kunokuvumelana ngazwi linye. Impela izinhlaka ezilawulayo zibonakala zisohlangothini olulodwa. Kepha kunobunye ubufakazi obuningi kokunye. ”

Isikhalazo sisuselwa esinqumweni sejaji sango-2018 e-San Francisco Superior Court esayalela uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhe u- $ 289 million ku-Dewayne “Lee” Johnson, kufaka phakathi ama-dollar ayizigidi ezingama-250 kumonakalo wokujeziswa.

Ijaji eliqulile icala likaJohnson lehlise umklomelo waba yizigidi ezingama- $ 78.5. Kepha iMonsanto wadlulisa isinqumo, ukucela inkantolo ukuthi iguqule isinqumo secala bese ifaka isinqumo seMonsanto noma ihlehlise futhi ibuyisele icala ecaleni elisha noma okungenani inciphise kakhulu umonakalo. UJohnson wadlulisa icala efuna ukubuyiselwa umklomelo ophelele wejaji.

UJohnson ungomunye wamashumi ezinkulungwane zabantu abavela e-United States abamangalele uMonsanto bethi i-Roundup namanye ama-herbicides asuselwa ku-glyphosate enziwe yinkampani enza i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi inkampani yachitha amashumi eminyaka ihlanganisa izingozi.

UJohnson uthole isikhundla “sokuthandwa” ngoba odokotela bathe isikhathi sakhe sokuphila sifushane nokuthi kungenzeka afe kungakapheli izinyanga eziyi-18 kuqulwe icala. UJohnson ujabhise odokotela futhi usaqhubeka ephila futhi elashwa njalo.

Ukulahlekelwa kukaMonsanto kuJohnson kumake ukulahlekelwa kwecala lokuqala kweRoundup enkampanini, elatholwa yiBayer AG yaseJalimane ngoJuni 2018 njengoba kwaqala ukuqulwa kwecala likaJohnson.

Ijaji ecaleni likaJohnson lithole ngokukhethekile - phakathi kwezinye izinto - ukuthi iMonsanto ibinobudedengu ngokwehluleka ukuxwayisa uJohnson ngengozi yomdlavuza yokubulala ukhula kwayo. Kodwa uMonsanto uthi lesi sinqumo sasinephutha ngenxa yokungafakwa kobufakazi obubalulekile nalokho abameli benkampani abakubiza ngokuthi “ukuhlanekezelwa kwesayensi ethembekile.”

Uma inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ingalaleli ukuqulwa kwecala elisha, uMonsanto ucele ukuthi okungenani amajaji anciphise ingxenye yomklomelo wamajaji "ngomonakalo ongekho kwezomnotho wangomuso" kusuka ku- $ 33 million kuya ku- $ 1.5 million nokusula umonakalo wokujeziswa ngokuphelele.

Abameli bakaJohnson babethi kufanele athole ama- $ 1 million ngonyaka ngezinhlungu nokuhlupheka kule minyaka engu-33 eyengeziwe abengayiphila ukube akazange awuthole umdlavuza.

Kepha abameli bakaMonsanto bathe uJohnson kufanele athole u- $ 1 million kuphela ngonyaka ngezinhlungu nokuhlupheka ngesikhathi sakhe sokuphila uqobo noma u- $ 1.5 million esikhathini esizayo sezinyanga eziyi-18 esilindelekile.

NgoLwesibili, u-Axelrad uphinde waliphinda lelo phuzu: "Impela ummangali angalulama ngesikhathi esaphila ngenxa yobuhlungu nokuhlupheka okungabangelwa ukwazi ukuthi usenesikhathi esifushane sokuphila," utshele iphaneli lezobulungiswa. "Kodwa ngeke ululame ngenxa yobuhlungu nokuhlupheka okungenzeka kwenzeke eminyakeni lapho uzobe ungasahlali khona futhi yilokho ummangali akuthola kuleli cala."

U-Axelrad utshele abahluleli ukuthi le nkampani ibipendwe ngamanga njengokuzibandakanya nokungaziphathi kahle kodwa empeleni ilandele isayensi nomthetho ngendlela efanele. Uthe, ngokwesibonelo, yize ummeli kaJohnson ayesole uMonsanto ngokubhala okuyizipoki amaphepha esayensi, ososayensi bezinkampani babenze "iziphakamiso zokuhlela" kuphela zamaphepha amaningi ashicilelwe ezincwadini zesayensi.

"Ukuthi iMonsanto ibingaba nokuqhamuka kakhulu ekuboneni ukubandakanyeka kwayo kulezo zifundo umongo wukuthi lezo zifundo azivelanga lwazi olungelona iqiniso noma oludukisayo futhi akukho okukhombisa ukuthi omunye wababhali balezo zifundo ubezoshintsha umbono wakhe ukube iMonsanto enganikelwanga ukuphawula komhleli, ”kusho yena.

U-Axelrad uthe abukho ububi futhi akukho sizathu somonakalo wokujeziselwa iMonsanto. Ukuvikela kwenkampani imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yayo eglyphosate eminyakeni edlule "bekufanele futhi kuthembekile," esho.

“Abukho neze ubufakazi bokuthi iMonsanto isabalalise ulwazi olungelona iqiniso, oludukisayo noma olungaphelele, abukho ubufakazi bokuthi izenzo zalo zivimbele ukusatshalaliswa kolwazi ezinhlanganweni ezilawulayo ezidingekayo ukuze kubuyekezwe ubufakazi besayensi, abukho ubufakazi bokuthi izenzo zalo zaphazamisa isinqumo sokugcina futhi akukho bufakazi ukuthi iMonsanto yenqabile ukwenza isivivinyo noma isifundo ukuze kufihlwe ulwazi ngengozi yokulimala noma ukuvimbela ukutholakala kolwazi olusha mayelana nesayensi ye-glyphosate, ”kusho yena.

Ummeli kaJohnson uMike Miller uthe abameli bakaMonsanto bazama ukwenza inkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala ukuthi izame futhi amaqiniso aleli cala, okungeyona indima yalo.

“IMonsanto ayiwuqondi kahle umsebenzi wokudluliswa kwamacala. Akukona ukuphinda ucabangele amaqiniso. Amaqiniso asanda kuphikiswa abameli bakaMonsanto enqatshwe ngokuphelele yijaji futhi enqatshwa yijaji lecala… ”kusho uMiller.

Inkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala kufanele ihambisane nomonakalo owanikezwa yijaji, kubandakanya nomonakalo wokujeziswa, ngoba indlela uMonsanto aziphatha ngayo mayelana nesayensi nokuphepha kwemithi yokubulala ukhula ye-glyphosate "yayiyimbi," kusho uMiller.

Ubufakazi obethulwe ecaleni likaJohnson bukhombisa ukuthi uMonsanto ubambe iqhaza ekubhalweni komoya kwamaphepha esayensi ngenkathi yehluleka ukuhlola ngokwanele umuthi wokubulala ukhula we-glyphosate ngobungozi be-carcinogenicity. Le nkampani yabe isiqala ukuhlaselwa "okungakaze kube khona" ekwethembekeni kososayensi bomdlavuza bamazwe omhlaba ababeka i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu ngo-2015, utshele iphaneli lezobulungiswa.

“Emonakalisweni yokujeziswa, njengoba uhlola ukwethembeka kweMonsanto kumele ubandakanye ingcebo yeMonsanto. Nomklomelo kumele wenele ukuluma, ”kusho uMiller. "Ngaphansi komthetho waseCalifornia ngaphandle uma kuguqula indlela yokuziphatha akuhambelani nenhloso yokulimala kwesijeziso."

Iphaneli yokudlulisa amacala inezinsuku ezingama-90 zokukhipha isinqumo.

Kwangathi 26, 2020

Inkulumo entsha ngokuxazululwa phakathi kweziguli zomdlavuza waseBayer neRoundup

Kube nenkulumo evuselelwe mayelana nokuxazululwa okungaba khona kuleli sonto phakathi kweBayer AG kanye neziguli ezingamashumi ezinkulungwane zeziguli ezinomdlavuza njengenkantolo ebalulekile yokulalelwa kwenkantolo ngesonto elizayo.

Ngokombiko othile umbiko eBloomberg, abameli beBayer bafinyelele esivumelwaneni ngomlomo nabameli base-US abamele okungenani abamangali abangama-50,000 XNUMX abamangalela uMonsanto ngenxa yezimangalo zokuthi iRoundup namanye ama-herbicides aseMonsanto adale ukuthi abamangali bahlakulele i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Imininingwane njengoba ibikwe yiBloomberg ibonakala ingashintshiwe kuzivumelwano zomlomo zangaphambilini phakathi kweBayer kanye nabameli babamangali abawa ngesikhathi kuvalwa inkantolo ehlobene neCoronavirus. Njengoba izinkantolo zisavaliwe, izinsuku zokuqulwa kwecala zihlehlisiwe, kwasusa ingcindezi eBayer.

Kepha iphuzu elisha lengcindezi lisondela ekulalelweni kwesonto elizayo ekukhalazweni kwesilingo sokuqala somdlavuza weRoundup. Inkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala yaseCalifornia Isifunda Sokuqala Sokudlulisa Amacala kulindeleke ukuba ilalele izimpikiswano ngomlomo lapho kudluliswa amacala ecaleni likaJohnson v Monsanto ngoJuni 2.

Leli cala, elalixabanisa onogada baseCalifornia uDewayne “Lee” Johnson neMonsanto, kuholele kumklomelo wokulimala ongu- $ 289 million likaJohnson ngo-Agasti 2018. Ijaji alitholanga nje kuphela ukuthi i-Roundup kaMonsanto kanye nemikhiqizo ehlobene ne-glyphosate yethule ingozi enkulu kubantu abayisebenzisayo, kodwa nokuthi kukhona "ubufakazi obucacile nobukholisayo" bokuthi izikhulu zikaMonsanto zenze "ngobubi noma ingcindezelo" ukwehluleka ukuxwayisa ngokwanele ngobungozi.

Ijaji lecala ecaleni likaJohnson ngokuhamba kwesikhathi wehlisa umonakalo kuya ku- $ 78.5 million. IMonsanto idlulise ngisho umklomelo owehlisiwe, kanti uJohnson wadlulisa icala efuna ukubuyiselwa umklomelo ophelele wejaji.

In edlulisa isinqumo, UMonsanto ucele inkantolo ukuthi iguqule isinqumo secala bese ifaka isinqumo seMonsanto noma ihlehlise futhi ibuyisele icala ecaleni elisha. Okungenani, uMonsanto ucele inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ukuthi yehlise ingxenye yomklomelo wamajaji "ngomonakalo ongekho kwezomnotho wesikhathi esizayo" kusuka ku- $ 33 million kuya ku- $ 1.5 million nokusula umonakalo wokujeziswa ngokuphelele.

Abahluleli benkantolo yokudlulisa amacala unikeze umbono omncane mayelana nokuthi bancike kanjani kuleli cala, bazisa abameli bezinhlangothi zombili ukuthi kufanele bakulungele ukuxoxa ngodaba lokukhokhwa kwemali enkantolo eyalalelwa ngoJuni 2. Abameli bakammangali bakuthathe lokho njengophawu olukhuthazayo lokuthi kungenzeka amajaji angahleleli ukuhlelelwa kwecala elisha.

Ngaphansi kwemibandela yokukhokhelwa okuxoxwe ngakho ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezedlule, iBayer izokhokha isamba esingu- $ 10 billion ukuletha ukuvalwa kwamacala aphethwe amafemu amakhulu amakhulu, kepha angavumi ukufaka amalebula okuxwayisa kukhula lwayo olususelwa e-glyphosate ababulali, njengoba bekufunwe abanye babameli babamangali.

Isivumelwano ngeke sihlanganise bonke abamangali ngezimangalo ezisalindile. Futhi bekungeke kumboze uJohnson noma abanye abamangali abathathu asebevele bawine izimangalo zabo ecaleni. IMonsanto neBayer badlulisele phambili konke ukulahleka kwecala.

Abameli ezinkampanini ezinkulu ezithinteka enkantolo banqabile ukuxoxa ngesimo esikhona manje.

Izikhulu zeBayer ziphikile ukuthi abukho ubufakazi besayensi obuxhumanisa umuthi wokubulala ukhula we-glyphosate nomdlavuza, kodwa abatshalizimali bebelokhu befuna ukuthola isivumelwano sokuxazulula leli cala. Kungaba wusizo kuBayer ukuxazulula amacala ngaphambi kwanoma yisiphi isinqumo esibi senkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala, esingahle siphazamise abaninimasheya benkampani. IBayer ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018. Ngemuva kokulahleka kwecala likaJohnson ngo-Agasti 2018, intengo yamasheya enkampani yehle kakhulu futhi isalokhu inengcindezi.

Abamangali Abakhungathekile

Amacala okuqala enkantolo yamacala omdlavuza weRoundup afakwa ngasekupheleni kuka-2015, okusho ukuthi abamangali abaningi bebelinde iminyaka ukuthola isinqumo. Abanye babamangali bafe besalindile, kanti amacala abo manje aqhutshelwa phambili ngamalungu omndeni ekhungathekile ngokungabi nenqubekela phambili ekuqedeni amacala.

Abanye abamangali bebelokhu benza imiyalezo yevidiyo ebhekiswe kubaphathi beBayer, befuna ukuthi bavumelane nezindawo zokuhlala futhi benze izinguquko zokuxwayisa abathengi ngezingozi zomdlavuza ezingaba khona zemithi yokubulala ukhula eseglyphosate efana neRoundup.

UVincent Tricomi, 68, ungomunye wommangali onjalo. Kwi-video ayenzile, ayihlanganyele ne-US Right to Know, uthe usehlinzwe ngemizuzu engu-12 yokwelashwa ngamakhemikhali kanti uhlala ezinhlanu esibhedlela elwa nomdlavuza wakhe. Ngemuva kokuthola ukuthethelelwa kwesikhashana, umdlavuza uphinde wabuya ekuqaleni konyaka, esho.

“Baningi kakhulu njengami abahluphekayo futhi abadinga ukukhululeka,” kusho uTricomi. Buka umyalezo wakhe wevidiyo ngezansi:

Kwangathi 14, 2020

Inkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala ibigxile embuzweni wokonakala ngaphambi kwecala likaJohnson v. Monsanto

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yaseCalifornia ibukeka ikulungele ukukhipha isinqumo esizosekela ukunqotshwa kwecala lokuqala e-US okubandakanya izinsolo zokuthi umbulali wokhula waseRoundup kaMonsanto ubangela umdlavuza.

Izinkantolo Zokudlulisa Amacala zaseCalifornia Isifunda Sokuqala Sokudlulisa Amacala NgoLwesithathu wazise abameli bakammangali uDewayne “Lee” Johnson kanye nabameli bezomthetho eMonsanto ukuthi kufanele bazimisele ukugxila embuzweni wemonakalo ekhishwe kuleli cala ekulalelweni okuhlelelwe uJuni 2.

Iqiniso lokuthi inkantolo ikhombisa ukuthi inentshisekelo yokudingida ukuthi yimaphi amanani omonakalo afanelekile kunezingqinamba eziphathelene nesicelo sikaMonsanto sokuguqula ukulahleka kwecala lisho kahle ngakwicala lommangali, kusho ababukeli bezomthetho.

Ukulahlekelwa yiMonsanto Agasti 2018 kuJohnson, umgcini wezinkundla zesikole eCalifornia, kuphawule ukulahlekelwa kwecala lokuqala kweRoundup yenkampani, elatholwa yiBayer AG yaseJalimane cishe eminyakeni emibili eyedlule. Ijaji ecaleni likaJohnson lithole ukuthi uMonsanto ubenobudedengu ngokwehluleka ukuxwayisa uJohnson ngengozi yomdlavuza wamakhemikhali akhe futhi wanikeza uJohnson amadola ayizigidi ezingama- $ 289, okubandakanya amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-250 kumonakalo wokujezisa. Kamuva ijaji elaliqulile icala lehlisa lo mklomelo laya ezigidini ezingama-78.5 zamaRandi. Kodwa ukulahlekelwa kuthumele amasheya kaBayer aphansi futhi amisa izingxabano zabatshalizimali eziqhubeke njengoba inani lezimangalo zomdlavuza weRoundup ezengeziwe ezifakwe kuMonsanto zikhulile.

In edlulisa isinqumo, UMonsanto ucele inkantolo ukuthi iguqule isinqumo secala bese ifaka isinqumo seMonsanto noma ihlehlise futhi ibuyisele icala ecaleni elisha. UMonsanto waphikisa ngokuthi lesi sinqumo sasinephutha ngenxa yokungafakwa kobufakazi obubalulekile kanye "nokuhlanekezelwa kwesayensi ethembekile." Uma kungenjalo, uMonsanto ucele inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ukuthi yehlise ingxenye yomklomelo wamajaji "ngomonakalo ongekho kwezomnotho wesikhathi esizayo" ukusuka ku- $ 33 million kuya ku- $ 1.5 million nokusula umonakalo wokujeziswa ngokuphelele. Impikiswano kaMonsanto ekwehliseni ukulimala okungezona ezomnotho esikhathini esizayo isuselwa enkampanini yenkampani yokuthi uJohnson kungenzeka afe kungekudala futhi ngenxa yalokho ngeke abhekane nobuhlungu nokuhlupheka kwesikhathi esizayo.

UJohnson wadlulisa icala efuna ukubuyiselwa umklomelo ophelele wamajaji wama- $ 289 wezigidi.

Ngaphambi kokulalelwa kwalolu daba, isigungu sokwahlulela sathi: “Amaqembu kufanele akulungele ukubhekana nalolu daba olulandelayo ngengxabano yomlomo, njengamanje ehlelelwe uJuni 2, 2020. Thatha sengathi le nkantolo iyavumelana neNkampani iMonsanto ukuthi ukunikezwa komonakalo ongekho kwezomnotho esikhathini esizayo kumele kwehliswe. Uma inkantolo iyalela ukwehliswa okunje, kufanele futhi yehlise ukunikezwa komonakalo wokujezisa ukuze kulondolozwe isilinganiso senkantolo yokuqala senkokhelo yecala lesinxephezelo somonakalo wokujeziswa? ”

Kwelinye icala, inkantolo ngenyanga edlule yathi iyasichitha isicelo esenziwe yiCalifornia Attorney General sokuthi ifake isifinyezo se-amicus ngasohlangothini lukaJohnson.

Icala likaJohnson lambozwa abezindaba emhlabeni jikelele futhi labeka obala ekuziphatheni okungabazekayo kweMonsanto. Abameli bakaJohnson banikeze ama-jurors ama-imeyili enkampani yangaphakathi namanye amarekhodi akhombisa ososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngamaphepha esayensi abhala ghost ukuze bazame ukuxhasa ukusekelwa kokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yenkampani, kanye nezindlela zokuxhumana ezinemininingwane yokuhlambalaza abagxeki, nokuqeda ukuhlolwa kukahulumeni ubuthi be-glyphosate, ikhemikhali eliyisihluthulelo emikhiqizweni kaMonsanto.

Ekudlulisweni kwayo, uMonsanto waphikisa ngokuthi ama-jurors ayesebenza ngokomzwelo kuneqiniso lesayensi nokuthi "abukho ubufakazi bokuthi iMonsanto inolwazi lwangempela lokuthi ama-herbicides ayo asuselwa e-glyphosate abangela umdlavuza. Futhi akubanga khona, lapho ukuvumelana kwesayensi, okwamukelwa ngokungaguquguquki yi-EPA nabanye abalawuli emhlabeni jikelele, kuphikisana nalesi siphetho. Kwakungeyona into embi ngabalawuli ukuthi bafinyelele kulesi sinqumo, futhi kwakungeyona into embi ngeMonsanto ukuveza umbono wabo ngesayensi. ”

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zabamangali afake isimangalo kuMonsanto enza izimangalo ezifana nezikaJohnson, kanti sekunezilingo ezimbili ezengeziwe selokhu kwaqulwa icala likaJohnson. Zombili lezo zilingo nazo ziholele ekutheni kukhishwe izinqumo ezinkulu ngeMonsanto.

IBayer nabameli babamangali abangaphezu kuka-50,000 XNUMX bebelokhu bezama ukuxoxisana ngesivumelwano sikazwelonke ngonyaka odlule kodwa iBayer isanda kuhoxisa imali ethile esekuxoxiswene ngayo. Njengoba izinkantolo zivaliwe ezweni lonke, abameli bommangali balahlekelwe yinzuzo yesikhathi esiseduze ababenayo ngenkathi kulungiselelwa ukuqulwa kwamacala amaningi kuleli hlobo nasekwindla.

Kwangathi 1, 2020

Umhlangano wabaninimasheya waseBayer udonsela emibhikishweni, ukunxusa kweziguli ezinomdlavuza

Umhlangano wabaninimasheya waminyaka yonke weBayer AG uqale ngoLwesibili eJalimane, kungagcini ngokubheka abatshalizimali nabahlaziyi kuphela kepha nezishoshovu, abameli kanye neziguli ezinomdlavuza abafuna ukubona iBayer ilungisa izinsolo ezenziwa yiMonsanto, iBayer eyathenga eminyakeni emibili eyedlule.

Umhlangano bekufanele ube ngumcimbi ozibandakanya mathupha eBonn, eGermany kodwa ngenxa yokwesaba ngemibuthano emikhulu engasabalalisa igciwane leCovid-19, iBayer esikhundleni sayo isingatha i-webcast yevidiyo  lomhlangano.

NgoMsombuluko inkampani imemezele “ukuqala kahle ku-2020, ” ukubika ukuthengisa okuphezulu kanye nenzuzo ngazo zonke izigaba eziqhutshwa ngokwengxenye ngokufunwa okunamandla esigabeni sazo Sezempilo Sabathengi esihlobene nobhadane lweCovid-19.

Umhlangano wabaninimasheya uza ngesikhathi iBayer ibhekene nezicelo zezomthetho e-United States zilethwe ngabamangali abangama-52,500 abathi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto efana neRoundup kubangele bona noma abathandekayo babo ukuthi benze i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Basola ukuthi uMonsanto wayebazi ubungozi futhi bekufanele axwayise abathengi kepha kunalokho afune ukukhohlisa irekhodi lesayensi nabalawuli.

Izilingo ezintathu sezibanjiwe kuze kube yimanje kanti iBayer ilahlekelwe yizo zontathu njengoba amajaji athola imali engaphezulu kuka- $ 2 billion kwabamangali abane, yize abahluleli bamacala banciphisa le miklomelo. Ukulahleka kwecala kwabacasula abatshalizimali futhi kwaphoqa amanani amasheya aye emazingeni aphansi cishe eminyakeni eyisikhombisa, esula amaphesenti angaphezu kwe-40 yenani lemakethe likaBayer ngesikhathi esisodwa. Abanye abatshalizimali babize isikhulu esiphezulu seBayer uWerner Baumann ukuthi akhishwe esikhundleni sokulwela ukutholwa kweMonsanto, okwavalwa ngoJuni ka-2018 ngesikhathi kuqala ukuqulwa kwecala lokuqala.

Abameli bakaBayer nabamangali bebelokhu bexoxa ngezingxoxo zokuxazulula izinkinga ngonyaka owedlule futhi babonakala besondele esivumelwaneni esizoxazulula iningi lezimangalo ngaphambi kokuqala kweCovid-19.

Ukuvalwa kukahulumeni okuhlobene negciwane, kufaka phakathi izinkantolo zase-US, kuqede amathuba okuba nokuhlolwa okwengeziwe esikhathini esizayo esiseduze, kanti iBayer isebenzise amandla ayo ibuyele emuva eminye yemizi yayo okuxoxiswene ngayo, ngokusho kwemithombo esondele kulezi zingxoxo.

IBayer ithe ngoMsombuluko "izoqhubeka nokubheka isisombululo kuphela uma kufanelekile ngokwezimali futhi ibeke nendlela yokuxazulula izimangalo ezingaba khona ngokuzayo ngendlela efanele. Ngokwesimo sokwehla kwamandla omnotho okuzayo futhi sibheka, ngokwengxenye, izinselelo ezinkulu zokwehluleka kwemali, lokhu kusebenza manje kunanini ngaphambili. ”

Ngaphandle kokungabi khona komhlangano ngaphakathi kwabantu, abantu abaningana nezinhlangano banethemba lokwenza ukugxeka kwabo inkampani kwaziwe. Iqembu elilodwa abamele abafuyi bezinyosi ithe ibisebenzisa izikhangiso eziku-inthanethi eziqondisa kabusha abantu abafuna i-Bayer AGM kuGoogle emfudlaneni we-inthanethi onabafuyi bezinyosi bekhuluma ngemithelela yokubulala izinambuzane yaseBayer ezinyosini.

Abantu abaningana ababambe iqhaza ecaleni leRoundup nabo bakhulume.

“Sekuyisikhathi sokuthi ibhodi labaqondisi beBayer lisukume futhi lenze okulungile,” kusho uThomas Bolger, indoda eneminyaka engu-68 ubudala yaseTexas eyatholakala ukuthi ayinayo iHodgkin lymphoma ngo-2013 ngemuva kokusebenzisa iRoundup kusukela ngo-1982. UBolger urekhodile ividiyo umlayezo kuBayer, echaza ngokuhlupheka kwakhe ngomdlavuza.

URobyndee Laumbach, owesifazane oneminyaka engama-50 ubudala waseTexas owathi umsebenzi wakhe kufuzo lukakotini wamdalula ephindelela kuRoundup, naye wenza umlayezo wevidiyo kweBayer. “Umdlavuza mubi, noma ngabe ubheka kanjani. Ngilimele ngokuphelele futhi nginesibazi futhi ngizoba ingxenye esele yempilo yami, ”kusho yena.

Bobabili uLaumbach noBolger baphakathi kwabantu abamangalela iMonsanto.

Ummangali wecala le-Roundup UMichelle Taranto naye wenza umlayezo wevidiyo egameni lomyeni wakhe ukuhlanganyela neBayer. URose uthe umyeni wakhe maduze uzongena emzuliswaneni wesithathu wezindlela zokwelashwa “ezizosindisa impilo yakhe.” Ucele iBayer ukuthi iyeke ukuthengisa iRoundup.

"Impilo yethu incishisiwe ukuvakashelwa okungapheli ezibhedlela, ukwelashwa okungabaleki okubuhlungu nokuhlala ezibhedlela okusabisayo," kusho uTaranto.

UMaine Christmas tree opharetha UJim Hayes wenza ividiyoo umyalezo ichaza ukutholakala ukuthi ngine-Stage 4 NHL ngo-2016 ngemuva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup epulazini lakhe iminyaka. UHayes uthe wadlula emizuliswaneni eyisithupha yokwelashwa ngamakhemikhali nokufakwa kwesitokisi ngaphambi kokumenyezelwa ukuthi uxolile. Manje unovalo lokuthi umdlavuza wakhe uzobuya.

"Ngiyayithanda impilo yami. Ngiyawuthanda umkhaya wami. Ngangiwethemba umkhiqizo. Kuyacaca ukuthi akuphephile ukuthi wonke umuntu angakusebenzisa, ”kusho uHayes.

Ummangali othile wecala leRoundup owayefuna kuphela ukukhonjwa ngegama lakhe, uChuck, naye wenza umlayezo wevidiyo kweBayer.

"Ngikholwa wukuthi iBayer kufanele ngabe yenza konke okusemandleni ayo ukulungisa inkinga yokuthi iMonsanto kanye nomkhiqizo wayo i-Roundup kudale izinkulungwane zabantu abanjengami abacabanga ukuthi besisebenzisa umbulali wokhula ongenangozi," esho. “Yize umdlavuza wami ungelapheki, iBayer ingavimbela abantu bakusasa ekuthuthukiseni lesi sifo esesabekayo ngokukhipha lo mkhiqizo i-Roundup eshalofini manje. IBayer kufanele futhi iphendule kuwo wonke umuntu manje okumele abhekane nalesi sifo esesabekayo nsuku zonke. ”

April 9, 2020

Ukudluliswa kwesilingo sokuqala somdlavuza seMonsanto Roundup kuzozwakala ngoJuni

Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yaseCalifornia isethe ukulalelwa kwangoJuni ngokudluliswa kwamacala okuvela ecaleni lokuqala ngqa mayelana nezinsolo zokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto ibangela umdlavuza.

INkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala Yesifunda Sokuqala Sokudluliswa Kwamacala eCalifornia ithe ngoLwesine ihlela ukulalelwa kwecala ngoJuni 2 ecaleni likaDewayne “Lee” Johnson v. Monsanto. Ukulalelwa kwamacala kuzokwenzeka cishe eminyakeni emibili ngemuva kokuqala kokuqulwa kwecala likaJohnson kanye neminyaka emibili ngemuva kokuthi iBayer AG ithenge iMonsanto.

Ijaji elivumelanayo unikeze uJohnson u- $ 289 million ngo-Agasti 2018, kufaka phakathi amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-250 kumonakalo wokujeziswa, ukuthola ukuthi akukhona nje kuphela ukuthi i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides yenze ukuthi uJohnson athuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kepha nokuthi inkampani ibazi ubungozi bomdlavuza futhi yehluleka ukuxwayisa uJohnson.

Ijaji lecala lehlisa isinqumo esiphelele saba ngama- $ 78 million kodwa uMonsanto wasidlulisa isamba esincishisiwe. UJohnson cross unxuse ukuthi kubuyiswe isinqumo sango- $ 289 million.

Lapho ilungiselela izimpikiswano ngomlomo mayelana nesikhalazo sikaJohnson, inkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala ithe iyasichitha isicelo esenziwe yiCalifornia Attorney General sokuthi kufakwe isikhalazo se-amicus ngasohlangothini lukaJohnson.

Icala likaJohnson lambozwa abezindaba emhlabeni jikelele futhi labeka obala ekuziphatheni okungabazekayo kweMonsanto. Abameli bakaJohnson banikeze ama-jurors ama-imeyili enkampani yangaphakathi namanye amarekhodi akhombisa ososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngamaphepha esayensi abhala ghost ukuze bazame ukuxhasa ukusekelwa kokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yenkampani, kanye nezindlela zokuxhumana ezinemininingwane yokuhlambalaza abagxeki, nokuqeda ukuhlolwa kukahulumeni ubuthi be-glyphosate, ikhemikhali eliyisihluthulelo emikhiqizweni kaMonsanto.

Imibhalo yangaphakathi ibuye ikhombise ukuthi iMonsanto ibilindele ukuthi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer ihlukanise i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu okungenzeka noma okungenzeka ngo-Mashi ka-2015 (ukuhlukaniswa kwaba njenge-carcinogen okungenzeka kube khona) futhi bahlela uhlelo kusengaphambili lokuhlambalaza ososayensi bomdlavuza.

Amashumi ezinkulungwane zabamangali afake isimangalo kuMonsanto enza izimangalo ezifana nezikaJohnson, kanti sekunezilingo ezimbili ezengeziwe selokhu kwaqulwa icala likaJohnson. Zombili lezo zilingo nazo ziholele ekutheni kukhishwe izinqumo ezinkulu ngeMonsanto.

Ukubeka usuku lokudlulisa icala kukaJohnson, inkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala ithe “iyabona ukuthi lawa macala ahlanganisiwe athatha isikhathi kangakanani futhi iqhubekile nokuwabeka eqhulwini naphezu kwezimo eziphuthumayo zamanje” ezidalwe ukusabalala kwe-coronavirus.

Ukunyakaza kwenkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala ecaleni likaJohnson kuza njengoba kubikwa iBayer ngizama ukuziqinisa ezindaweni zokuhlala okuxoxiswene ngazo namafemu abameli baseMelika abamele abaningi balabo bamangali.

April 3, 2020

UBayer uthe uzobuyela emuva kumadili wokuxazululwa kweRoundup njengoba igciwane livala izinkantolo

IBayer AG ibuyela emuva ezindlini okuxoxiswene ngazo namafemu abameli baseMelika abamele izinkulungwane zabamangali abathi bathola ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto's Roundup kubangele ukuthi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kusho imithombo ethinteka enkantolo ngoLwesihlanu.

Lokhu kuguqulwa kuza njengoba izinkantolo zase-US zivaliwe emphakathini ngenxa yesifo esibhebhetheka nge-coronavirus, kuqeda umbukiso wesinye isilingo somdlavuza weRoundup kungekudala.

IBayer, eyathenga iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018, ibibambe izingxoxo zokuhlala cishe isikhathi esingangonyaka, ifuna ukuqeda amacala amaningi ahlasele isitokwe senkampani, akhuthaza izinxushunxushu zabatshalizimali, futhi yafaka isimangalo enkampanini emphakathini ukugqama. Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zaholela ekulahlekelweni kathathu kwemiklomelo yeBayer neyamajaji engaphezu kwamaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-2, yize amajaji wecala kamuva anciphisa le miklomelo.

I-Bayer yenziwe isitatimende somphakathi kuleli sonto bethi izingxoxo zokuxazulula izinkinga zehliswe wubhubhane lwe-coronavirus, kepha abameli abaningi babamangali bathi lokho akulona iqiniso.

Ngokwabameli babamangali, iBayer ibibuyela ezinkampanini zabameli ebezivele seziqedile ngezingxoxo zezindawo zokuhlala zamakhasimende abo, bethi inkampani ngeke ihloniphe imali okuvunyelwene ngayo.

"Abameli abaningi ezweni lonke babecabanga ukuthi banezivumelwano zokuzama," kusho ummeli waseVirginia uMike Miller, inkampani yakhe emele amakhasimende angaba ngu-6,000 XNUMX futhi yawina izivivinyo ezimbili kwezintathu zeRoundup kuze kube manje. IBayer manje ifuna "ukugunda izinwele" kulawo madili, kusho uMiller.

Ukuthi amafemu ahlukahlukene azothatha izipesheli ezincishisiwe kusazobonakala. "Lezi yizikhathi zomnotho ezingaqinisekile," kusho uMiller. "Abantu kufanele bacabangele okulungele amakhasimende abo."

Ephendula isicelo sokuphawula, umkhulumeli weBayer unikeze isitatimende esilandelayo: “Senze inqubekela phambili ezingxoxweni zokulamula iRoundup, kepha amandla e-COVID-19, kufaka phakathi nemingcele ebekwe emasontweni adlule, abangele ukukhanselwa kwemihlangano futhi kwabambezela le nqubo. … Ngenxa yalokho, inqubo yokulamula yehle kakhulu, futhi empeleni, silindele ukuthi lokhu kuzoqhubeka kube njalo ngekusasa elizayo. Ngalesi sikhathi, sizoqhubeka nokwenza konke okusemandleni ukusiza ukulwa nobhadane lomhlaba wonke lwe-COVID-19, ngokuhambisana nombono wethu 'wezempilo yabo bonke, ukulambela noma ngubani.' Asikwazi ukuqagela ngemiphumela engaba khona engxoxweni noma esikhathini, uma kubhekwa ukungaqiniseki okuzungeze ubhadane kanye nokugcinwa okuyimfihlo kwale nqubo, kodwa sisaqhubeka nokuzibophezela ekuhlanganyeleni ngokwethembeka. ”

Ilungelo le-US Lokwazi kubika ekuqaleni kukaJanuwari ukuthi amaqembu abesebenzela ukukhokhela cishe ama- $ 8 billion kuya ku- $ 10 billion. UBayer ukuvumile ukubhekana nezicelo ezivela kubamangali abangaphezu kwama-40,000, kodwa abameli babamangali bathe isibalo sezimangalo siphelele kakhulu.

Phakathi kwamafemu abekhulumisane ngezindawo zokuhlala amakhasimende awo kukhona inkampani i-Andrus Wagstaff evela eDenver, eColorado kanye naseLos Angeles yeBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman. Bobabili bafinyelele ezivumelwaneni ngonyaka owedlule neBayer.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, inkampani i-Weitz & Luxenberg evela eNew York kanye nefemu kaMike Miller isanda kufinyelela lokho ababecabanga ukuthi kuyizivumelwano ngokwemigomo. Inkampani ngayinye imele izinkulungwane zabamangali.

Abameli babamangali abaphambili ababekade bebasebenzisa ezingxoxweni zokuxazulula inkinga kwakuwukusongela elinye icala lomphakathi. Ezilingweni ezintathu zokuqala, ukulahlwa imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto waveza ubufakazi bokuthi inkampani ibazi ubungozi bomdlavuza we-herbicides yayo ese-glyphosate kodwa yehluleka ukuxwayisa abathengi; ghost-wabhala amaphepha esayensi ememezela ukuphepha kwemithi yokubulala ukhula yayo; usebenze nezikhulu ezithile zokulawula ukuqeda ukubuyekezwa kukahulumeni ngobuthi be-glyphosate; kanye nemizamo eyenziwe yokuhlambalaza abagxeki.

Izambulo zibangele intukuthelo emhlabeni jikelele futhi zagqugquzela izinyathelo zokuvimbela ama-herbicides asuselwa e-glyphosate.

Izilingo eziningana obekufanele zibanjwe ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezedlule zikhanseliwe ngaphambi nje kokuba kuhlelwe ukuthi ziqale ngenkathi iBayer ivuma ukukhokhelwa ngakunye kwalabo bamangali. Amabili kulawo macala abandakanya izingane ezishaywe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kanti okwesithathu kwalethwa ngowesifazane ophethwe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Labo bamangali, nabanye abavumile ukukhokhelwa esikhundleni sezivivinyo ezinyangeni ezedlule, bavikelekile futhi abayona ingxenye yemizamo yokubuyisa emuva yeBayer, ngokusho kwemithombo eminingi ethintekayo.

IBayer kuhloswe ukuthi ibambe umhlangano wayo waminyaka yonke wabaninimasheya ngo-Ephreli 28. Ngokokuqala ngqa emlandweni wenkampani, umhlangano uzoba aphethwe ngokuphelele online.

Abamangali abathathu bokuqala ukuwina izindondo zamajaji bebhekene neMonsanto abakayitholi imali njengoba iBayer idlulisa izinqumo.

Mashi 24, 2020

Ukufakwa okusha kwezomthetho mayelana nezingozi ezisolwa nge-Roundup phakathi kokubambezeleka kwenkantolo kwe-coronavirus

Noma ukusabalala kwe-coronavirus kuvala iminyango yenkantolo emphakathini nakubameli, ukuqhutshwa kwezomthetho kuyaqhubeka ngaphezu kwezimangalo zengozi ehlobene nokubulala ukhula okususelwa e-glyphosate okusekelwe eMonsanto.

Amaqembu amabili wokungenzi inzuzo, i-Center for Food Safety (CFS) kanye ne-Center for Biological Diversity (CBD), wafaka isikhashana i-amicus egameni lesiguli somdlavuza u-Edwin Hardeman ngoMashi 23. UHardeman uzuze isinqumo sejaji ngokumelene neMonsanto se- $ 80 million ngo-Mashi ka-2019, eba ngummangali wesibili owinile ecaleni le-Roundup. Ijaji lecala lanciphisa umklomelo wejaji laba ngu- inani lama- $ 25 million. IMonsanto idlulise umklomelo nokho, ebuza inkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala ukuguqula isinqumo.

Isifinyezo esisha somthetho esisekela izibalo zikaHardeman eyodwa efakwe yi-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) esekela iMonsanto ekudlulisweni kwesicelo sikaHardeman.

Isifinyezo se-CFS kanye ne-CBD sithi iMonsanto ne-EPA bobabili abalungile ukuthi bagunyaze ukuthi ukuvunywa kwe-EPA kwe-glyphosate herbicides kuvimbela izinselelo ekuphepheni kwemikhiqizo:

        "Ngokuphikisana nalokho okushiwo nguMonsanto, icala likaMnu Hardeman alincishiswa yisiphetho se-EPA maqondana ne-glyphosate ngoba iRoundup iyindlela yokwakheka kwe-glyphosate i-EPA engakaze iyicubungulele ubucayi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, amaphutha amakhulu nokubandlulula kulimaze ukuhlolwa kwe-EPA mayelana ne-glyphosate's carcinogenicity kanye nenkantolo yesifunda kwakuqinisile ngokuvumela ubufakazi balokho, ”kusho umfishane.

         "IMonsanto ifuna leNkantolo ikholelwe ukuthi" i-glyphosate "iyafana ne-'Roundup. ' Isizathu silula: uma la magama eguquguquka, bayaphikisana, ukuthola kwe-EPA ukuthi i-glyphosate "akunakwenzeka ukuthi ibangelwe yi-carcinogenic" izosebenza ku-Roundup futhi ingahle ilalele icala likaMnu Hardeman. Kodwa-ke njengoba ubufakazi obethulwe ecaleni bekhonjisiwe, "i-glyphosate" ne "Roundup" kakhulu azifani, kanti i-Roundup inobuthi obukhulu kune-glyphosate. Ngaphezu kwalokho, i-EPA ayikaze ihlole i-Roundup ye-carcinogenicity. Ukwakhiwa kweGlyphosate, njenge-Roundup, kuqukethe izithako ezingeziwe (ama-co-formulants) ukwenza ngcono ukusebenza ngandlela thile. I-EPA iyaqonda ukuthi ukwakheka okunobuthi kune-glyphosate kukodwa, kepha nokho kugxile ekuhloleni komdlavuza wayo ku-glyphosate emsulwa… ”

Hlukanisa amagama enkantolo e-EPA 

Kwisenzo somthetho esihlukile, ngesonto eledlule isikhungo sokuphepha kokudla sifake isimangalo kuhulumeni mayelana ne-EPA ngokuqhubeka nokuxhaswa kwe-glyphosate. Isimangalo esenziwe egameni lomfelandawonye wabasebenzi basemapulazini, abalimi kanye nabalondolozi bemvelo, sithi i-EPA yephula umthetho iFederal Insecticide, Fungicide, neRodenticide Act kanjalo ne-Endangered Species Act ngokuqhubeka nokuvumela ukusetshenziswa kabanzi kwemithi yokubulala ukhula i-glyphosate.

"Ngenkathi i-EPA ivikela i-glyphosate, amajaji emajele ambalwa ayitholile ukuthi idala umdlavuza, ikhipha isinqumo esivuna labo abathintwe ukuvezwa," kusho iCFS ekukhulumeni nabezindaba. “Izinhlobo zeGlyphosate ezifana neRoundup nazo zisungulwe kahle njengezinemithelela eminingi kwezemvelo. Ngemuva kwenqubo yokubukezwa kokubhaliswa ethathe isikhathi esingaphezu kweminyaka eyishumi, i-EPA yavumela ukumaketha okuqhubekayo kwezibulala-zinambuzane naphezu kokuhluleka kwe-ejensi ukuhlola ngokugcwele amandla okuphazamisa i-hormone ka-glyphosate noma imiphumela yayo ezinhlotsheni ezisongelwayo nezisengozini yokuqothulwa. ”

UBill Freese, umhlaziyi wenqubomgomo yesayensi kwaCFS uthe: "Kunokuthintana 'nesayensi engcono kunazo zonke,' njengoba kusho i-EPA, le nhlangano ithembele cishe ngokuphelele ezifundweni zeMonsanto, ikhetha imininingwane ehambisana nenhloso yayo futhi ichitha yonke eminye."

Ukuphazamiseka kwenkantolo okuhlobene negciwane

IMonsanto nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG bebelokhu bezama ukuzama ukulungisa inani elikhulu lamashumi ezinkulungwane zezimangalo zomdlavuza weRoundup zilethwe ezinkantolo zase-US. Lowo mzamo uyaqhubeka, futhi izindawo zokuhlala ezithile sezivele zitholakele kubamangali abathile, ngokusho kwemithombo ethintekayo ezingxoxweni. I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi kubika ekuqaleni kukaJanuwari ukuthi amaqembu abesebenzela ukukhokhela cishe ama- $ 8 billion kuya ku- $ 10 billion.

Kodwa-ke, amanye amacala amaningi ayaqhubeka nokusebenza ngendlela yohlelo lwenkantolo, kufaka phakathi isikhalazo sikaDewayne “Lee” Johnson, ummangali wokuqala ukuwina iMonsanto ecaleni laseRoundup. Abameli bakaJohnson babenethemba lokuthi iNkantolo yokuDluliswa kwamaCala yaseCalifornia izobamba izingxoxo zomlomo uma uMonsanto edlulisa isinqumo sokuthi uJohnson anqobe ngo-Ephreli. Kepha lokho manje kubonakala kunethuba elikhulu njengoba amanye amacala ahlelelwe uMashi manje esefakwa ku-Ephreli.

Futhi, zonke izikhathi zokuzibonela mathupha zezimpikiswano zomlomo enkantolo yezikhalazo njengamanje zimisiwe. Umeluleki okhetha ukwethula impikiswano ngomlomo kumele akwenze lokho ngocingo, kusho inkantolo.

Khonamanjalo, izinkantolo ezifundeni eziningi zaseCalifornia zivaliwe futhi amacala amajaji amisiwe ukuzama ukuvikela abantu ekusakazekeni kwaleli gciwane. Inkantolo yombuso eSan Francisco, lapho kuphakathi kwamacala amaningi we-Roundup, ivaliwe emphakathini, kufaka phakathi ukumiswa kwamacala, kuze kube nguMeyi 1. Abahluleli basengakhipha izinqumo, noma kunjalo, futhi babambe ukulalelwa ngocingo.

EMissouri, lapho iningi lamacala ezinkantolo zombuso i-Roundup asuselwa khona, zonke izinqubo zamacala enkantolo (ngaphandle kokumbalwa) zimisiwe ngo-Ephreli 17, ngokusho kweNkantolo eNkulu yaseMissouri oda. 

Elinye icala laseMissouri ebelizongena enkantolo ngoMashi 30 eNkantolo yaseSt. Louis City manje linosuku lokuqulwa kwecala elibekelwe u-Ephreli 27. Leli cala nguSeitz v Monsanto # 1722-CC11325.

Ukuyala ushintsho, iJaji uMichael Mullen ubhale wathi: “NGENXA YOMBANGO KAZWELONKE WE-COVID-19 VIRUS KANYE NOKUTHOLAKALA KWAMAJOROR KULESI SIKHUNGO INKANTOLO EBHEKILE ISUSA LELI CALA KUMATSHI 30, 2020 ICALA LOKUZAMA. IZIMBANGELA ZIHLELELWE UMHLANGANO WOKUHLELWA KOKULINGA NGOMSOMBULUKO, APRILI 27, 2020 @ 9:00 AM. ”

Mashi 6, 2020

Amafayili amasheya amelana neBayer ngokutholwa kweMonsanto "okuyinhlekelele"

Umnikazi wamasheya waseCalifornia weBayer AG ngoLwesihlanu wafaka icala ngokumelene nabaphathi abaphezulu bezinkampani abathi bephule umthetho wabo "wokuqapha" kanye "nokwethembeka" enkampanini nakubatshalizimali ngokuthenga iMonsanto Co ngonyaka we-2018, ukutholwa kwesimangalo sesimangalo "kufake izigidigidi zamadola omonakalo" enkampanini.

Ummangali uRebecca R. Haussmann, umphathiswa weKonstantin S. Haussmann Trust, nguyena yedwa ummangali oqokwe kuleli cala, elifakwe eNkantolo Ephakeme yaseNew York County. Abamangalelwa ababiziwe kubalwa iBayer Isikhulu esiphezulu u-Werner Baumann, owahlela ukuthengwa kweMonsanto okungama- $ 63 billion, kanye noSihlalo weBayer uWerner Wenning, owamemezela ngenyanga edlule ukuthi ukwehla kusuka enkampanini ngaphambi kwesikhathi ebesihleliwe. Leli cala lithi isinqumo sikaWenning size ngemuva kokuthi iBayer ithole ngokungafanele ikhophi yesimangalo sabanini bamasheya esasakhiwa ngaleso sikhathi “ngokusebenzisa ubuhloli bezinkampani.”

Icala liphinde lathi isimemezelo sakamuva sikaBayer sokucwaningwa kwamabhuku ngezenzo zaso zokutholwa "siyimbumbulu" futhi "siyingxenye yokufihlwa okuqhubekayo futhi kuhloswe ukudala umgoqo osemthethweni kuleli cala ukuvikela Abamangalelwa ekuphenduleni kwabo…"

Lesi senzo yisikhalazo esivela kubaninimasheya, okusho ukuthi silethwa egameni lenkampani ngokumelene nabangaphakathi benkampani. Ifuna umonakalo wesinxephezelo wabaninimasheya kanye nokuhlanjalazwa “kwazo zonke izinxephezelo ezikhokhelwe Abaphathi beBayer kanye nabaPhathi ababambe iqhaza ekuletheni Ukutholwa…” Leli cala liphinde lifune ukubuyiselwa kwemali ekhokhelwe amabhange kanye namafemu ezomthetho abandakanyeka ekutholakaleni.

Abamangalelwa ababandakanyi iBaumann neWenning kuphela, kepha futhi kunabaqondisi abakhona nabangaphambili beBayer nezimenenja eziphezulu, kanye neBOFA Securities, Inc., Bank of America, Credit Suisse Group AG kanye namafemu ezomthetho iSullivan & Cromwell LLP kanye neLinklaters LLP .

Okhulumela iBayer akaphendulanga esicelweni sokuphawula.

Icala liza cishe isikhathi esingaphezu kwenyanga ngaphambi komhlangano wamasheya kaBayer wango-Ephreli 28 eBonn, eJalimane. Emhlanganweni wonyaka odlule, amaphesenti angama-55 wabaninimasheya kubhalise ukungajabuli kwabo noBaumann nabanye abaphathi mayelana nesivumelwano seMonsanto kanye nokulahleka okulandelayo okungama- $ 40 billion ngenani lemakethe.

Ukuthengwa kweMonsanto kukaBayer kugcwele amacala amashumi ezinkulungwane zamacala okusolwa ngokubulala amakhambi okubulala ukhula asuselwa kuMonsanto okubangelwa i-glyphosate okubangelwa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi inkampani ikhohlise amakhasimende ngobungozi. UBayer uqhubeke nokutholwa nangemva kokuba i-International Agency for Research on Cancer ngo-2015 ihlukanise i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu engahle ihlangane kahle ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, futhi ngaphandle kokwazi kwezicelo zomthetho ezisakazwayo.

UBayer wabe eseqedela ukuthengwa kweMonsanto ezinyangeni ezimbili kuphela ngaphambi kokuba icala lokuqala lomdlavuza weRoundup liphele isinqumo esiyizigidi ezingama- $ 289 ngokumelene nenkampani. Kusukela ngaleso sikhathi ezinye izivivinyo ezimbili seziqedile ekutholeni okufanayo enkampanini ngezinqumo ezingaphezulu kwamaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezimbili, yize abahluleli ecaleni ngalinye behlise izinqumo. Bonke manje sebedlulisiwe.

IBayer ithe kunabamangali abangaphezu kuka-45,000 10 okwamanje abenza izicelo ezifanayo. Le nkampani ibilokhu isebenza ukuxazulula amacala omuntu obikwe kabanzi ukuthi angaba ngama- $ XNUMX billion kodwa kuze kube manje ayiphumelelanga ekuqedeni amacala.

Icala lithi ngesikhathi se-2017 kanye ne-2018, njengoba ukufakwa kwamacala amasha omdlavuza we-Roundup kwakukhula, ikhono labaphathi beBayer lokuzikhandla eMonsanto kanye nezingozi zamacala "zazivinjelwe kakhulu." Ngenxa yalokhu, “iBayer yehlulekile ukwenza umsebenzi wokuzikhandla futhi ongenaphutha ezindabeni zebhizinisi nezomthetho zikaMonsanto ezidingeka ngaphansi kwalezi zimo.”

Isudi ithi iMonsanto ayidalulanga ubungozi bezinto ezibonakalayo kwaRoundup futhi yehluleka ukubala noma yimuphi umthelela ongaba khona wezezimali. Abaphathi beMonsanto "babenazo zonke izisusa zokunciphisa ubungozi be-Roundup ukuze iBayer ivalwe isivumelwano," kusho icala.

Icala labaninimasheya lithi "lezi zinhlobo zamacala amaningi wokuhlukumeza… zingabhubhisa inkampani."

Icala likhomba iqiniso lokuthi ama-herbicides kaMonsanto manje ayavinjelwa futhi / noma avinjelwe ezingxenyeni eziningi zomhlaba, kubandakanya naseJalimane.

“Ukutholwa kweMonsanto kuyinhlekelele. I-Roundup izolahlwa njengomkhiqizo wentengiso, ”kusho icala.

February 26, 2020

Icala likaDicamba elibhekene neBayer, iBASF lilungele ukuqhuma, kusho abameli

Izinkulungwane zabalimi abavela ezifundazweni eziningi kulindeleke ukuthi zijoyine amacala amaningi okulindelwa enkantolo yenhlangano ngenxa yezimangalo zokuthi imikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula eyenziwe nguMonsanto Co. nezinye izinkampani zamakhemikhali zibhubhisa futhi zingcolisa izitshalo, kufaka phakathi ukukhiqizwa kwezinto eziphilayo, iqembu labameli kanye kusho abalimi ngoLwesithathu.

Inani labalimi abafuna ukumelwa ngokomthetho ukuze bavule icala leMonsanto neBASF selikhuphukile esontweni eledlule nohhafu ngemuva komklomelo omkhulu wamaRandi ayizigidi ezingama- $ 265 Umlimi wamapentshisi waseMissouri osola ukuthi lezi zinkampani ezimbili yizo ezisola ngokulahleka kwempilo yakhe, ngokusho kukaJoseph Peiffer wenkampani yabameli iPeiffer Wolf Carr & Kane. UPeiffer uthe bangaphezu kuka-2,000 XNUMX abalimi okungenzeka babe ngabamangali.

Sekuvele kunabalimi abangaphezu kwekhulu abenza izimangalo ezinkampanini ezihlanganisiwe amacala amaningi eNkantolo Yesifunda sase-US eKapa Girardeau, eMissouri.

Ngasekuqaleni kwenyanga le bellwether trial ngoba lelo cala liphele ngejaji elilodwa ngazwilinye elinikeza iBader Farms ephethwe ngumndeni amaRandi ayizigidi eziyizigidi eziyi-15 kumonakalo wokukhokha kanye namaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-250 kumonakalo wokujezisa, ozokhokhwa yiBayer AG, inkampani yaseJalimane eyathenga iMonsanto e2018, kanye neBASF. Ijaji liphethe ngokuthi iMonsanto neBASF bakha uzungu ezenzweni ababazi ukuthi zizoholela ekulimaleni kwezitshalo okubanzi ngoba babelindele ukuthi kuzonyusa inzuzo yabo.

"Manje sesinemephu yomgwaqo yokuthola ubulungiswa bezisulu ze-dicamba. Isinqumo seBader eMissouri sithumele isiboniso esicacile sokuthi ngeke uzuze ngokulimaza abalimi abangenacala bese ubajezisa, ”kusho uPeiffer. "Ucwaningo lokulimala kwezitshalo nokwanda kwezikhalazo zabalimi lubikezela inkinga enkulu kakhulu kunalokho iMonsanto / Bayer neBASF abafuna ukukuvuma."

I-US Right to Know icele i-Environmental Protection Agency (i-EPA), evume ukuthi ama-dicamba herbicides naphezu kobufakazi besayensi bezingcuphe, ukuhlinzeka inani likazwelonke lenani eliphelele lezikhalazo ze-dicamba drift. Kepha ngenkathi i-EPA ithi iyithatha ngokungathi sína le mibiko, yenqabile ukunikeza isibalo futhi yathi kusezinhlakeni zombuso ukusingatha izikhalazo ezinjalo.

I-EPA iphinde ikhombise ukuthi ayiqinisekile ukuthi umonakalo obikwe ngabalimi, empeleni, kungenxa yedicamba.

"Izimbangela zezigameko ezehlukene zomonakalo azikacaci, ngoba kusamele kuphothulwe uphenyo oluqhubekayo," kusho okhulumela i-EPA. “Kodwa i-EPA ibuyekeza yonke imininingwane etholakalayo ngokucophelela.

"Ukushaya Isikhathi Ibhomu"

Njengoba nje uMonsanto noBayer bebhekane nokulahlwa kwemibhalo yangaphakathi ekulahlekelweni kwezilingo ezintathu ngenxa yezimangalo zokubulala ukhula ezenziwa yi-glyphosate ezenzelwe umdlavuza, kunemibhalo eminingi yezinkampani yangaphakathi etholakale enkantolo yamacala e-dicamba esize ukukholisa ijaji lecala lenkampani, ngokusho kukaBader Ummeli wamapulazi uBill Randles.

AbakwaRandles bathole amakhulu amarekhodi ezinkampani zangaphakathi zeMonsanto neBASF akhombisa ukuthi izinkampani bezazi ngobungozi bomkhiqizo wazo njengoba bezisho obala ukuthi ziphambene. Uthe omunye umqulu we-BASF ubhekise kwizikhalazo zokulimala kwe-dicamba "njengebhomu lesikhathi esibi" "ekugcineni eliqhume."

U-Bader nabanye abalimi basola ukuthi iMonsanto ibinobudedengu ekukhipheni ukotini nobhontshisi obenziwe ngezakhi zofuzo okungasinda ekufuthweni ngemithi yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba ngoba bekwaziwa ukuthi ukusebenzisa izitshalo namakhemikhali njengoba kwaklanyelwe kungaholela ekulimaleni.

IDicamba isetshenziswe ngabalimi kusukela ngeminyaka yama-1960s kodwa ngemikhawulo eyayibhekelela ubukhulu bamakhemikhali bokukhukhuleka buqhelele lapho wafafazwa khona. Lapho imikhiqizo ebulala ukhula yaseMonsanto efana ne-Roundup iqala ukuphelelwa amandla ngenxa yokumelana nokhula kabanzi, uMonsanto wanquma ukwethula uhlelo lokutshala i-dicamba olufana nohlelo lwalo oludumile lweRoundup Ready, olwalubhanqa imbewu ebekezelela i-glyphosate ne-glyphosate herbicides.

Abalimi abathenga imbewu entsha ebekezelela izakhi zofuzo ze-dicamba bangaphatha kalula ukhula olunenkani ngokufafaza amasimu wonke nge-dicamba, noma ngabe izinyanga zikhula ngokufudumele, ngaphandle kokulimaza izitshalo zabo, ngokusho kweMonsanto, umemezele ukusebenzisana kwe-dicamba ne-BASF ngo-2011. Lezi zinkampani zithe imishanguzo yabo emisha ye-dicamba izobe inciphe kakhulu futhi ingathambeki kangako kunezindlela ezindala ze-dicamba. Kodwa benqaba ukuvumela ukuhlolwa okuzimele kwesayensi.

I-EPA yakwamukela ukusetshenziswa kwe-Micanto dicamba herbicide “XtendiMax” ngo-2016. I-BASF yathuthukisa eyayo i-dicamba herbicide eyibiza nge-Engenia. Kokubili i-XtendiMax ne-Engenia zathengiswa okokuqala e-United States ngo-2017.

UDuPont naye wethule i-dicamba herbicide futhi angahle abhekane nezinsolo zabalimi eziningi, ngokusho kwabameli babamangali.

Ezimangalo zabo zomthetho, abalimi basola ukuthi bake babhekana nomonakalo kusukela ekukhukhulekeni kwezinguqulo ezindala ze-dicamba kanye nokukhuphula izinhlobo ezintsha futhi. Abalimi bathi izinkampani zinethemba lokuthi ukwesaba kokulimala komkhumbi kuzophoqa abalimi ukuthi bathenge imbewu ekhethekile ebekezelela i-GMO dicamba ukuze bavikele amasimu abo kakotini nawosoya.

Abalimi abatshala ezinye izinhlobo zezitshalo bebengenazo izindlela zokuvikela amasimu abo.

Umlimi waseNyakatho Carolina uMarty Harper, olima cishe amahektare angama-4,000 200,000 kagwayi kanjalo namantongomane, ukotini, ummbila, ubhontshisi, ukolweni namazambane, uthe umonakalo ohlobene nedicamba emasimini akhe kagwayi ungaphezu kwama- $ XNUMX. Uthe ingxenye yesivuno sakhe samakinati nayo isilimele.

Amapulazi angaphezu kuka-2,700 XNUMX anakho uthole ukulimala kwe-dicamba, ngokusho kukaprofesa wesayensi yezitshalo wase-University of Missouri uKevin Bradley.

February 20, 2020

Njengoba izingxoxo zokuxazulula izinkinga ziqhubeka, kusondela elinye icala leMonsanto Roundup

Ukuqhubeka nokuntuleka kwesinqumo ecaleni lamacala omdlavuza weRoundup ezweni lonke, inkampani yabammeli baseMelika abahamba phambili iyaqhubeka nokulungiselela ukuqulwa kwecala laseCalifornia elibandakanya isiguli esinomdlavuza ogula kakhulu nomkakhe abamangalela inkampani yangaphambili yeMonsanto ethi isifo sale ndoda ngenxa yeminyaka yokusebenzisa kwakhe i-Roundup herbicide.

IMiller Firm, enabamangali abalinganiselwa ku-6,000 Roundup, manje isilungiselela ukuya ecaleni elibhekene nomnikazi waseMonsanto waseGerman uBayer AG ngoMeyi 5 enkantolo ephakeme iMarin County Superior eCalifornia. Icala linikezwe isimo sokuthandwa - okusho usuku olusheshayo lokuqulwa kwecala - ngoba ummangali uVictor Berliant ugula kakhulu. Kuhlelwa ukuthunyelwa eBerliant ngesonto elizayo.

UBerliant, indoda eneminyaka engama-70, utholakele ne-Stage IV T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma futhi ihlela ukwenziwa ukufakelwa umnkantsha ngamathambo ngoMashi ngemuva kokuba imizuliswano eminingi ye-chemotherapy yehlulekile. Abameli bakhe bathi kuyadingeka ukuthatha isikhundla sakhe ngaphambi kokufakelwa ngoba kunengozi yokuthi angahle angasinda kule nqubo noma angahle angakwazi ukubamba iqhaza ecaleni likaMeyi.

UBerliant usebenzise i-Roundup kusuka cishe ku-1989 kuya ku-2017, ngokusho kwecala lakhe. Unkosikazi wakhe, uLinda Berliant, naye ubizwa njengommangali, eqinisekisa ukulahleka kwenhlangano namanye amademeshe.

Amanye amacala anezinsuku zokuqulwa kwamacala asalindiwe endaweni yaseSt. Louis, eMissouri naseKansas City, eMissouri, kuhlanganisa necala elilodwa elinabamangali abangaphezu kwama-80 abahlelelwe ukuqulwa kwamacala abo ngoMashi 30 eNkantolo yaseSt. Ukulalelwa kwamacala bekufanele kubanjwe namuhla kulelo cala, u-Seitz v. Monsanto, kepha kwakhanselwa.

Inkampani iMiller ingenye yamafemu abamangali abaphambili ecaleni leRoundup futhi yabangela isiyaluyalu ngenyanga edlule ngokukhansela icala laseSt. Louis ngaphambi nje kokuba kuqale izitatimende ukuze kusebenze izingxoxo zokuhlala.

Iqiniso lokuthi inkampani yakwaMiller iyaqhubeka nokuhlolwa okuningi kugcizelela ukungabi bikho kwesivumelwano phakathi kweBayer nabameli bechibi labamangali eminye imithombo ethi manje isibalwa ngaphezu kuka-100,000.

Ifemu iMiller kanye nenkampani iWeitz & Luxenberg, enabamangali abacishe babe ngu-20,000 XNUMX behlangene, bebehamba phambili ezingxoxweni, kusho imithombo esondelene necala.

Abamangali abathile abavumile ukukhansela ukuhlolwa kwabo bathole izivumelwano zamanani athile okukhokha, kusho imithombo ethintekayo enkantolo, kanti amanye amaqembu kuthiwa axoxa ngamadili ancike ekuphothulweni ngempumelelo kokuxazululwa okukhulu kwamacala e-US.

Kepha ukukhokhelwa okuphelele kokufaka izicelo ze-Roundup ekuphumuleni isikhathi eside kusalokhu kuyinselele, kusho imithombo. Ukuhlala echibini lamanje labamangali ngeke kuvikele iBayer ezinkantolo ezizayo mayelana nezicelo zokubanga umdlavuza zeRoundup.

I-Wall Street Journal ibize umzamo wokwakha isivumelwano ngokuthi "Inselele enkulu." 

Abatshalizimali abaningi beBayer banethemba lesinqumo kungakadluli umhlangano waminyaka yonke weBayer ngo-Ephreli 28 eBonn, eJalimane.

Izinombolo zama- $ 8 billion- $ 10 billion ziye zantanta amasonto ngemithombo yamacala enkantolo njengengqikithi yokukhokhelwa kwamacala amaningi abambe iBayer selokhu ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018 ngama- $ 63 billion.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zamhambela kabi uMonsanto noBayer njengamajaji athukuthele unikezwe ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2.3 billion ekulimaleni kwabamangali abane. Abahluleli beTrial behlise imiklomelo yamajaji yabalelwa ezigidini ezingama-190 zamarandi, futhi bonke bangaphansi kwesikhalazo kepha amanani amasheya enkampani acindezeleke kakhulu ngokulahleka kwecala okuphindaphindiwe.

Izilingo zivule amehlo omphakathi irekhodi langaphakathi leMonsanto  lokho kukhombise ukuthi iMonsanto yenze kanjani amaphepha esayensi amemezela ukuphepha kwemithi yokubulala ukhula yayo ebonakala ngokungeyikho ukuthi yadalwa kuphela ososayensi abazimele; wasebenzisa abantu besithathu ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi ababika ukulimala nge-glyphosate herbicides; futhi ibambisene nezikhulu ze-Environmental Protection Agency ukuvikela isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuthi imikhiqizo yayo ayibanga umdlavuza.

"Into yokugcina uBayer ayifunayo ngesinye isihloko esibi mayelana necala leRoundup" kusho uMarine Chriqui, umhlaziyi wezimakethe ozinze eLondon. “Ngicabanga ukuthi kubalulekile impela ukuthi bangabi senkingeni ngesikhathi somhlangano. "

Abanye ababoni bezimboni basikisela ukuthi iBayer ingaqhubeka nokuxazulula icala ngalinye ngaphambi nje kokuqulwa kwecala izinyanga eziningi njengoba kudlalwa izikhalazo.

Abameli bazo zombili izinhlangothi njengamanje balinde usuku lwezingxoxo zomlomo ngaphambi kwenkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ecaleni le UJohnson v. Monsanto, obekungowokuqala ukuya enkantolo ehlobo lika-2018.

Abanye babameli babamangali bacabanga ukuvela eBonn ngesonto lomhlangano wabaninimasheya uma kungafinyelelwanga isinqumo, kusho imithombo yamacala.

February 3, 2020

Ukuhlolwa komdlavuza waseSt. Louis Roundup "ngeke kuqhubeke;" Kulindelwe izindaba zokuhlala

Isilingo somdlavuza waseRoundup eSt. eduze.

Ijaji leNkantolo yesiFunda yaseSt. Louis City, u-Elizabeth Hogan, ukhiphe lesi saziso ngoMsombuluko ntambama, eguqula umhlahlandlela onikezwe ama-jor kanye nabezindaba ngesonto eledlule ukuthi kumele bahlelele izitatimende zokuvula kuleli cala ezizoqala ngoLwesithathu. Abasakazi abalinde ukukhombisa ukuqhubeka kwecala elilindelwe kakhulu batshelwa ukuthi mabaqoqe imishini yabo.

Icala laseSt. Louis, elibizwa ngeWade v. Monsanto, lifaka abamangali abane, kufaka phakathi owesifazane oyedwa owashonelwa ngumyeni wakhe ngenxa ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Izitatimende zokuqala zazilindelwe ngoJanuwari 24, kepha zahlehliswa ukuze kuvunyelwe abameli bomnikazi weMonsanto waseGerman uBayer AG kanye nabameli babamangali ukuthi badingide imigomo yesivumelwano. Inkantolo ibe isithi icala lizovulwa ngoFebhuwari 5. Manje, lizoqala ukusebenza kuze kube nini nanini.

Abamangali ecaleni likaWade basola ukuthi bona noma abathandekayo babo bakha i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuchayeka emithini yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto glyphosate, kubandakanya nomkhiqizo odumile weRoundup. Bangaphezu kuka-50,000 XNUMX abantu abenza izinsolo ezifanayo ngenkampani, kanti futhi bathi iMonsanto ibazi ubungozi kodwa yehluleka ukuxwayisa amakhasimende ayo.

Izilingo eziningana zikhishwe edokodweni emasontweni ambalwa edlule njengoba iBayer, eyathenga iMonsanto e2018, isisondele ekuxazululeni icala lamacala omhlaba. IBayer ifuna ukukhokha cishe ama-dollar ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyi-10 isiyonke ukuxazulula lezi zimangalo, uma kungezona zonke, ngokusho kwemithombo esondele ezingxoxweni.

Ngesonto eledlule, icala laseCalifornia Roundup elibizwa ngeCaballero v. Monsanto lahlehliswa ngokusemthethweni ngemuva kwesikhathi esingaphezu kwesonto semisebenzi yokukhetha amajaji nokuhlala abahluleli abangu-16. Imithombo esondelene nale nkantolo ithe sekuvunyelwene ngayo ngokukhokhelwa eCaballero.

Imithombo iphinde yathi abamangali ecaleni likaRoundup obekumele liqale ngoFebhuwari 24 enkantolo yenhlangano eSan Francisco - uStevick v. Monsanto - batshelwa ukuthi kungenzeka ukuthi icala labo liqhubeke.

Abatshalizimali beBayer banesifiso sokuthi inkampani iqede ukuthethwa kwamacala futhi isuse izivivinyo eziningi nokwaziswa okulethwa yilowo nalowo. Abameli bakaBayer kubikwe ukuthi baxoxisane ngamakhasimende ezinkampanini ezinkulu zabamangali, kodwa ahlulekile ukufinyelela esivumelwaneni nababili - iMiller Firm yaseVirginia neWeitz & Luxenberg yaseNew York.

Inkampani yaseMiller imele abamangali emacaleni aseCaballero, Wade naseStevick. Iqiniso lokuthi lawa macala manje asehlehlisiwe noma ayamiswa kukhombisa ukuthi iBayer kanye nenkampani iMiller kungenzeka bafinyelele esivumelwaneni, noma basondele kwelinye, kusho izingqapheli.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zamhambela kabi uMonsanto noBayer njengamajaji athukuthele unikezwe ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2.3 billion ekulimaleni kwabamangali abane. Amajaji wecala ehlise imiklomelo yamajaji yabalelwa ezigidini ezingama-190 zamadola, futhi bonke baphansi kwesikhalazo.

I-Reuters ibike ukuthi iBayer icubungula ukuhlinzekwa kwezindlu okuzovimba abameli babamangali ababambe iqhaza enkantolo ekukhangiseni ngamakhasimende amasha.

Umxazululi uKen Feinberg wenqabile ukuphawula. UFeinberg waqokwa ngoMeyi owedlule yiJaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria ukwenza lula inqubo yokuxazulula le nkinga. Ngenyanga edlule, uFeinberg wathi "wayenethemba ngokuqapha" ukuthi sekuzoqedwa "ukukhokhelwa kwezwe lonke" kwamacala aseMelika.

January 31, 2020

Isilingo somdlavuza waseSt. Louis Roundup sisethwe kabusha ngoLwesithathu njengoba icala laseCalifornia limisiwe

Idrama iyaqhubeka empini ebhekwe ngabomvu phakathi kwabameli abavikela iMonsanto Co yangaphambili nalabo abamele izinkulungwane zezisulu zomdlavuza abathi bachayeka kwi-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto abanikeze yona noma ilungu lomndeni elingeyona iHodgkin lymphoma.

NgoLwesihlanu, icala laseCalifornia lahlehliswa ngokusemthethweni ngemuva kwesikhathi esingaphezu kwesonto lemisebenzi yokukhetha amajaji nokuhlala abahluleli abangu-16. Esikhundleni sokuqhubeka nezitatimende zokuvula, lelo cala manje selihlehliselwe unomphela, nengqungquthela yokuphathwa kwamacala ebekelwe uMashi 31.

Khonamanjalo, icala labamangali abahlehlisiwe ngaphambi nje kokuvula izitatimende ngesonto eledlule eSt. Louis lihlelelwe ukuthi livulwe ngoLwesithathu oluzayo, kusho imithombo esondelene necala.

Isilingo saseSt. Inethiwekhi Yokubuka Inkantolo nangokuphakelwa kweziteshi zethelevishini nezomsakazo. Abameli bomnikazi weMonsanto waseGerman uBayer AG baphikisana nokusakazwa kwecala, bethi lokhu kuduma kubeka engcupheni abaphathi babo nofakazi.

Izilingo eziningana zikhishwe edokodweni emasontweni ambalwa edlule njengoba iBayer, eyathenga iMonsanto e2018, isisondele ekuxazululeni umhlaba wonke okulingana nezicelo ezingaphezu kuka-50,000 100,000 - ezinye izilinganiso zingaphezu kuka-10. IBayer ifuna ukukhokha cishe ama- $ XNUMX billion ukukhokhela lezi zimangalo, ngokusho kwemithombo esondele ezingxoxweni.

Amacala onke asola ukuthi iMonsanto yayilwazi kahle ucwaningo lwesayensi olukhombisa ukuthi kunezingozi zezempilo zabantu eziboshelwe kumakhemikhali okubulala ukhula e-glyphosate kodwa ayenzanga lutho ukuxwayisa abathengi, yasebenza esikhundleni sokukhohlisa irekhodi lesayensi ukuvikela ukuthengiswa kwezinkampani.

Abatshalizimali beBayer banesifiso sokuthi inkampani iqede ukuthethwa kwamacala futhi isuse izivivinyo eziningi nokwaziswa okulethwa yilowo nalowo. Abameli bakaBayer kubikwe ukuthi baxoxisene ngamakhasimende ezinkampani ezinkulu ezinkulu, kepha behluleka ukufinyelela esivumelwaneni namafemu amakhulu wabamangali - iMiller Firm yaseVirginia neWeitz & Luxenberg yaseNew York. Inkampani iMiller imele abamangali emacaleni womabili aseCalifornia asanda kukhishwa edokodweni kanti ecaleni laseSt.

Amasheya akhuphuke ngesonto eledlule lapho icala laseSt. abameli.

Ukuhlehliswa kwalolu daba kubakhungathekisile ababukeli, okubalwa nabasebenzi beCourtroom View View Network, abasale enkantolo kuleli sonto belinde izindaba zokuthi icala lingaphinda liqale nini. Batshelwe ngoLwesihlanu ekuseni kuphela ukuthi leli cala ngeke lisaqhubeka ngoMsombuluko. Bafunda ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ukuthi kuzoqhubeka ngoLwesithathu esikhundleni.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zamhambela kabi uMonsanto noBayer njengamajaji athukuthele unikezwe ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2.3 billion ekulimaleni kwabamangali abane. Amajaji wecala ehlise imiklomelo yamajaji yabalelwa ezigidini ezingama-190 zamadola, futhi bonke baphansi kwesikhalazo.

Lezo zivivinyo zavula amehlo omphakathi amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto  lokho kubonisa ukuthi iMonsanto yawafaka kanjani amaphepha esayensi amemezela ukuphepha kwemithi yokubulala ukhula yayo ebonakala ngokungeyikho ukuthi yadalwa kuphela ngososayensi abazimele; wasebenzisa abantu besithathu ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi ababika ingozi nge-glyphosate herbicides; futhi ibambisene nezikhulu ze-Environmental Protection Agency ukuvikela isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuthi imikhiqizo yayo ayibanga umdlavuza.

January 28, 2020

Ukuhlaliswa kweBayer kwezimangalo zomdlavuza weRoundup kusesemoyeni

Amajaji aqokelwe ukulalela icala laseSt. Louis lokufaka izisulu zomdlavuza kuMonsanto atshelwe ukuthi icala elihlehliswe unomphela ngesonto eledlule lingaqhubeka ngoMsombuluko ozayo, kusho okhulumela inkantolo, okuyizinkomba zokuthi imizamo yomnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG yokuqeda izwe lonke Amacala okuphepha ngokuphepha kwe-Roundup herbicides asaqhubeka.

Kwesinye isibonakaliso sokuthi isivumelwano asikatholakali, ukukhethwa kwamajaji ecaleni elihlukile lomdlavuza weRoundup - leli laseCalifornia - bekuqhubeka kuleli sonto. Izilingo eSt. Louis naseCalifornia zibandakanya abamangali abathi bona noma abathandekayo babo bathuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuchayeka emithini yokubulala ukhula eyenziwe nge-glyphosate eyenziwe yiMonsanto, kufaka phakathi nomkhiqizo odumile weRoundup. Amashumi ezinkulungwane zabamangali benza izimangalo ezifanayo ezinkantolo ezifakwe e-United States.

UBayer uthenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018 ngesikhathi kuqala ukuqulwa kwecala lokuhlukunyezwa kwabantu abaningi. Intengo yamasheya kaBayer yashaywa ngesando ngemuva kokuthi ijaji elilodwa livume ukuthi ukubulala ukhula kukaMonsanto kwakuyimbangela yomdlavuza wommangali kuleso simo nokuthi uMonsanto wayenobufakazi obufihlekile bomdlavuza obubhekiswe emphakathini.

Izilingo ezimbili ezengeziwe ziphumela ekutholakaleni okufanayo kwamajaji futhi zaheha abezindaba emhlabeni wonke ekulahlekiseni imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ekhombisa ukuthi inkampani yenze imikhuba eminingi yokukhohlisa emashumini amaningi eminyaka ukuvikela nokuvikela inzuzo yemithi yokubulala ukhula yayo.

Abatshalizimali beBayer banesifiso sokuthi inkampani iqede ukuthethwa kwamacala futhi isuse izivivinyo eziningi nokwaziswa okulethwa yilowo nalowo. Amasheya akhuphuke ngesonto eledlule ngesikhathi icala laseSt. Louis lihlehliswa kungazelelwe njengabameli babamangali abebegcwele abameli beBayer futhi bakhombisa ukuthi sekuseduze ukuthi kulungiswe leli cala.

Izinombolo zama- $ 8 billion- $ 10 billion ziye zantanta amasonto ngemithombo yamacala enkantolo njengengqikithi yokuxazulula inani lamacala abambe iBayer selokhu ithenge iMonsanto ngama- $ 63 billion.

IBayer isivele ixoxisane ngemibandela yokukhokha namafemu amaningi ahola icala, kepha yehluleka ukufinyelela esivumelwaneni namafemu wabamangali i-Weitz & Luxenberg kanye neMiller Firm. Ngokubambisana la mafemu amabili amele abamangali abacishe babe ngu-20,000 XNUMX, okwenza ukuthi ukubamba kwabo iqhaza kusivumelwano kube yinto esemqoka esivumelwaneni esizothokozisa abatshalizimali, kusho imithombo esondelene necala.

Imithombo ithe lezi zinhlangothi zombili "bezisondelene kakhulu" nesivumelwano.

Ngezindaba ezihlukile, kodwa ezihlobene, i-Kellogg Company kusho leli sonto ukuthi ibisuka ekusebenziseni okusanhlamvu okufafazwe nge-glyphosate ngaphambi nje kokuvuna njengezithako kokudla kwabathengi bayo nokusanhlamvu. Umkhuba wokusebenzisa i-glyphosate njenge-desiccant wathengiswa yiMonsanto iminyaka njengomkhuba ongasiza abalimi ukuba bome izitshalo zabo ngaphambi kokuvuna, kepha ukuhlolwa komkhiqizo wokudla kukhombisile ukuthi lo mkhuba uvame ukushiya izinsalela zombulali wokhula ekudleni okuphelile njenge-oatmeal.

AbakwaKellogg bathe "sisebenzisana nabahlinzeki bethu ukuqeda ukusebenzisa i-glyphosate njenge-agent yokomisa ngaphambi kokuvuna emakethe yethu yokuphakela ukolweni ne-oat ezimakethe zethu ezinkulu, kubandakanya nase-US, ngasekupheleni kuka-2025."

January 24, 2020

Icala laseSt. Louis Roundup lihlehlisiwe njengoba kuvela indawo enkulu yokuhlala eduze

Ukuvuselelwa - Isitatimende esivela eBayer: “Amaqembu afinyelele esivumelwaneni sokuqhubeka necala likaWade eMissouri Circuit Court likaSt. Ukuqhubeka kuhlose ukuhlinzekela amaqembu ukuthi aqhubeke nenqubo yokulamula ngokuthembeka ngaphansi kwesandla sikaKen Feinberg, futhi agweme iziphazamiso ezingavela ezivivinyweni. Ngenkathi iBayer ibandakanyeka ngendlela eyakhayo kwinqubo yokulamula, asikho isivumelwano esibanzi ngalesi sikhathi. Akunasiqiniseko noma uhlelo lwezikhathi lwesinqumo esiphelele. ”

Ukuvulwa obekulindelwe kakhulu kwalokho obekungaba yisilingo sesine somdlavuza weRoundup kuhlehliselwe unomphela ngoLwesihlanu phakathi kwezingxoxo zokuxazulula izinkinga phakathi komnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG kanye nabameli abamele izinkulungwane zabantu abathi banomdlavuza kubangelwe ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula egazini iMonsanto's glyphosate-based.

Ijaji leNkantolo yesiFunda yaseSt. Louis City, u-Elizabeth Hogan likhiphe umyalo othi "kuqhubeka imbangela" kuphela. Lesi sinqumo sivele ngemuva kokuthi abameli abahola phambili abavela ezinkampanini zabamangali baseWeitz & Luxenberg ezinze eNew York naseMiller Firm yaseVirginia beshiye inkantolo kaHogan kungalindelekile ngaphambi nje kokuba kuvulwe izitatimende obekumele ziqale phakathi noLwesihlanu ekuseni. Imithombo esondelene namaqembu ezomthetho ekuqaleni ithe izitatimende zokuvula zihlehliselwe emuva kwaze kwaba ntambama ukuze kuvunyelwe isikhathi sokubona ukuthi abameli babamangali nabameli beBayer bangaphothula yini isinqumo esizolungisa amashumi ezinkulungwane zamacala. Kepha kuthe ntambama sekumisiwe ukuqhubeka kwalezi zinqubo futhi bekucatshangwa kabanzi ukuthi isivumelwano sesifeziwe.

Izinombolo zama- $ 8 billion- $ 10 billion ziye zantanta amasonto ngemithombo yamacala enkantolo njengengqikithi yokukhokhelwa kwamacala amaningi abambe iBayer selokhu ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018 ngama- $ 63 billion. Amanani amasheya enkampani acindezeleke kakhulu ngokulahleka kwecala okuphindaphindiwe kanye nemiklomelo emikhulu yamajaji ngokumelene nenkampani ezivivinyweni ezintathu ezigcinwe kuze kube manje.

Ezinye izivivinyo eziningi bezizobanjwa emasontweni nasezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezizayo, kucindezelwe iBayer ukuthi ixazulule amacala ngesikhathi ukuze kutholakale abatshalizimali emhlanganweni wayo wamasheya waminyaka yonke ngo-Ephreli.

Izikhulu zeBayer zikuqinisekisile ukuthi bangaphezu kwabangummangali abangaphezu kuka-42,000 abafake amacala eMonsanto. Kepha imithombo yamacala ithi manje sebengaphezu kuka-100,000 XNUMX abamangali abafakwe izimangalo, yize isibalo samanje sezimangalo ezifakiwe singacaci.

Inkampani i-Weitz nenkampani iMiller zihlangene zimele izimangalo zabamangali ababalelwa ku-20,000 XNUMX, ngokusho kwemithombo esondelene namafemu. UMike Miller, ohola le nkampani iMiller, ungummeli ohola phambili ecaleni laseSt. Louis ebelizovulwa ngoLwesihlanu.

UMiller ubelokhu ebambe ongezansi ezinkulumweni zokuxazulula le nkinga neBayer njengoba abanye abameli abaningi abamangaleli sebesayine isivumelwano nenkampani yezemithi yaseJalimane. IBayer idinga ukuthi ikwazi ukufeza isinqumo ngezimangalo eziningi ezingakakhokhwa ukuze kutholakale abatshalizimali abanganelisekanga.

Umlamuli uKen Feinberg uthe ngesonto eledlule akucaci ukuthi kungaba khona yini ukuxazululwa komhlaba wonke ngaphandle kukaMiller. UMiller ubefuna "lokho acabanga ukuthi kuyisinxephezelo esifanele," kusho uFeinberg. IJaji Lesifunda saseMelika uVince Chhabria waqoka uFeinberg ukuba abe ngumlamuleli phakathi kweBayer nabameli babamangali ngoMeyi odlule.

Ijaji lecala laseSt. Louis lase likhethiwe vele kanti abamangali abane kanye namalungu omndeni wabo babekhona ngoLwesihlanu ekuseni, bezungeze inkantolo yangaphambili.

Abameli bakaMonsanto benze isicelo ekuqaleni kukaLwesihlanu sokuthi kuvinjelwe ukusakazwa kwecala yiziteshi zethelevishini nezomsakazo wendawo kodwa iJaji uHogan lakhipha isinqumo sokuthi le nkampani mayingavumi. Ukuqulwa kwecala langoLwesihlanu bekungaba okokuqala ukwenzeka endaweni yaseSt. Louis, lapho iMonsanto yayinendlunkulu iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-100.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zamhambela kabi uMonsanto nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG njengamajaji athukuthele unikezwe ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2.3 billion ekulimaleni kwabamangali abane. Amajaji wecala ehlise imiklomelo yamajaji yabalelwa ezigidini ezingama-190 zamadola, futhi bonke baphansi kwesikhalazo.

Izilingo zivule amehlo omphakathi irekhodi langaphakathi leMonsanto  lokho kukhombise ukuthi iMonsanto yenze kanjani amaphepha esayensi amemezela ukuphepha kwemithi yokubulala ukhula yayo ebonakala ngokungeyikho ukuthi yadalwa kuphela ososayensi abazimele; wasebenzisa abantu besithathu ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi ababika ukulimala nge-glyphosate herbicides; futhi ibambisene nezikhulu ze-Environmental Protection Agency ukuvikela isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuthi imikhiqizo yayo ayibanga umdlavuza.

January 23, 2020

Uthuli phezu kwabezindaba ngaphambi kokuvulwa kwesilingo somdlavuza weRoundup

Abameli abamele izinhlangothi eziphikisanayo ngokuzayo Isilingo somdlavuza weMonsanto Roundup ngenxa yokuvulwa kwangoLwesihlanu eSt.Louis baqoqane enkantolo ngoLwesine phakathi kokuqagela ukuthi izingxoxo zokuxazululwa phakathi kwabameli babamangali nomnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG bezisesimeni esibucayi.

Lapho abameli bengekho, ukudideka ngokufinyelela kwabezindaba ezinkambisweni zokuqulwa kwamacala kwaqubuka enkantolo eyabizwa ngokuxhamazela eNkantolo Yesifunda YaseSt.Louis ngemuva kokuthi umabhalane weJaji u-Elizabeth Hogan azise ngephutha abezindaba ukuthi uma behlela ukubheka ukuqulwa kwecala bukhoma okuphakelayo okuvela kwi-Courtroom View Network (i-CVN) bazodinga imvume yomuntu ngamunye evela enkantolo. Izintatheli zatshelwa ukuthi kumele zifake isicelo sokulalelwa kwenkantolo sokuthi ngabe zingakubuka yini noma cha ukudla kwenkantolo okuvumile ukuvumela iCVN ukuthi ikunikeze.

I-CVN ibe seyithumela izintatheli isaziso ibazisa ngeqiniso lokuthi bangavinjelwa ukuthi babukele nje ukude lapho kuqhubeka khona lenqubo: “Sazisiwe ukuthi iNkantolo ibukeka ibeke isidingo sokuthi noma yiliphi ilungu labezindaba elifisa ukubukela i-Roundup video feed nge-CVN kumele ithole imvume ethile enkantolo yokwenza lokho. Ummeli wethu uzama ukuxhumana nejaji i-ASAP ukuxazulula lokhu, futhi ngethemba lokuthi lizoxazululwa, ”kusho i-imeyili ethunyelwe izintatheli nge-CVN.

Ngokwengeziwe, ukulalelwa bekuzothatha udaba lokuthi iCVN ingahlinzeka ngokufinyelela echibini eziteshini ezithile zezindaba zokusakaza. Iziteshi zomsakazo nezethelevishini ezifuna ukuhlanganyela ezinye zezilaleli nokulalelwa kwazo kuzodinga ukuthi zinxuse ijaji.

Ukulalelwa kwesinqumo kuhoxisiwe ngoba abameli bakaBayer, abamelene nokusakaza leli cala, bebengekho. Manje udaba lokufinyelela echibini luzothathwa ngoLwesihlanu ekuseni ngaphambi kokuvula izitatimende ecaleni, kusho uGross.

Ukulinganiselwa kokubuka nje icala elamenyezelwa ngumabhalane wejaji kuvele ukuthi bekunganembile, ngokusho kokhulumela inkantolo uThom Gross. Kunemikhawulo ebukhali kulabo abazobe bebukele, noma kunjalo. Akukho “ukulanda, ukurekhoda, ukusakaza kabusha noma ukuthumela kabusha noma yikuphi okuqukethwe, kufaka phakathi ama-screen shots” avunyelwe.

Inkulumompikiswano yokuthi leli cala lingabonakala kangakanani ibilokhu iyikhathaza iBayer njengoba ifuna ukuxazulula amashumi ezinkulungwane zamacala afakwe ophikweni lwayo iMonsanto oluthi iRoundup namanye ama-herbicides asuselwa eglyphosate abangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Abamangali baphinde basola ukuthi iMonsanto bekufanele ixwayise abasebenzisi kodwa kunalokho yahlanganisa ubungozi bemithi yayo yokubulala ukhula.

Ubufakazi ezilingweni ezintathu eziphothulwe kuze kube yimanje buqubule intukuthelo yomhlaba mayelana nokuziphatha kwenkampani iMonsanto, njengoba abameli babamangali bethule amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto lapho abaphathi bezinkampani bexoxa ngezincwadi zesayensi zokubhala ghost, bethumela ngasese abantu besithathu ukudicilela phansi ososayensi abazimele, nokuzuza ebudlelwaneni obumnandi nezikhulu ze-Environmental Protection Agency.

UBayer ukusho lokho kuthelevishini icala laseSt kungafaka engozini abasebenzi bayo, kufaka phakathi ababengabaphathi beMonsanto.

Izinkampani zabammeli zabammangali ezahola leli cala ezweni lonke zivumile ukukhansela noma ukuhlehlisa ukuvivinywa okuningi, okubandakanya okubili okubandakanya izingane ezisencane ezinomdlavuza, njengengxenye yezingxoxo zokuxazulula le nkinga neBayer.

IBayer ibingakufihlanga ngesifiso sayo sokuxazulula amacala amaningi ngaphambi kokuthi kuqhubeke ezinye izivivinyo. Kodwa elinye lamacala amakhulu kakhulu abamangali aphethwe ngummeli waseVirginia uMike Miller, kanti uMiller kuze kube manje wenqabile ukuhlehlisa ukuqulwa kwamacala kwabamangali bakhe, ngokusobala enciphisa izithembiso zokukhokhelwa. Inkampani kaMiller ihlinzeka ngokululeka kwecala laseSt. Louis nelinye eCalifornia elisaqhubeka nokukhethwa kwamajaji.

Inkampani yaseMiller inezilingo eziningi ezizayo zabamangali bayo.

January 22, 2020

Izibalo ziphakeme ngezilingo ezimbili zomdlavuza weRoundup eziqala phakathi kwezingxoxo zokuhlala

Sekuyiminyaka ecishe ibe mihlanu selokhu ososayensi bomdlavuza bamazwe omhlaba bahlukanisa ikhemikhali elidumile lokubulala ukhula njenge-carcinogenic, izindaba ezidale ukuqhuma kwamacala alethwe yiziguli ezinomdlavuza ezisola lowo owayekade eyikhemikhali uMonsanto Co. ngokuhlupheka kwabo.

Abamangali abangamashumi ezinkulungwane base-US - abanye abameli ababandakanyeka enkantolo bathi ngaphezu kuka-100,000 - bathi umuthi wokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto's Roundup nabanye ababulali bokhula abasuselwa e-glyphosate kubenze baba ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kanti uMonsanto uchithe iminyaka efihla izingozi kubathengi.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zamhambela kabi uMonsanto nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG njengamajaji athukuthele unikezwe ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2.3 billion ekulimaleni kwabamangali abane. Amajaji wecala ehlise imiklomelo yamajaji yabalelwa ezigidini ezingama-190 zamadola, futhi bonke baphansi kwesikhalazo.

Izilingo ezimbili ezintsha - esisodwa eCalifornia nesinye eMissouri - manje sisezinhlelweni zokukhetha amajaji. Izitatimende zokuvula zihlelelwe uLwesihlanu ukuthi kuqulwe icala laseMissouri, eliqhubeka eSt. Ijaji kulelo cala livumela ubufakazi ukuthi bukhonjiswe kuthelevishini futhi busakazwe ngu Inethiwekhi Yokubuka Inkantolo.

Bayer ubelokhu enesifiso esikhulu sokugwema ukubonwa kwezilingo eziningi futhi aqede isaga esenze ukuthi imali yezimakethe ezinkulu zenze imali, futhi ivezwe emhlabeni Ibhuku lokudlala langaphakathi leMonsanto lokukhohlisa isayensi, abezindaba kanye nabalawuli.

Kubukeka sengathi leso siphetho singafika kungekudala.

"Lo mzamo wokuthola ukuxazululwa okuphelele kwamacala eRoundup unomfutho," kusho umlamuleli uKen Feinberg enkulumweni abe nayo. Uthe "unethemba ngokuqapha" ukuthi ukuxazululwa "kukazwelonke" kwamacala aseMelika kungenzeka phakathi nesonto noma amabili ezayo. UFeinberg waqokwa ngoMeyi odlule yiJaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria ukwenza lula inqubo yokuxazulula le nkinga.

Alukho uhlangothi olufunayo ukulinda ukubona ukuthi kudluliswa kanjani ukudluliswa kwezinqumo mayelana nezinqumo zecala, ngokusho kukaFeinberg, kanti iBayer inethemba lokuthi izokuba nezindaba ezimnandi ezizobikwa kuyo umhlangano wamasheya waminyaka yonke Ngo-Ephreli.

"Uhambisa idayisi ngalezo zikhalazo," kusho uFeinberg. "Angicabangi ukuthi ukhona umuntu ofuna ukulinda kuze kube lezo zicelo zidluliswa."

Esitatimendeni sakamuva senqubekelaphambili yokuhlala, icala elihlelelwe ukuqala ngesonto elizayo eCalifornia - uCotton v. Monsanto - lihlehlisiwe. Usuku olusha lwecala selubekelwe uJulayi.

Futhi ngoLwesibili, Chhabria ukhiphe umyalelo oqinile ukukhumbuza izinhlangothi zombili ngesidingo semfihlo njengoba izingxoxo zokuxazulula zisaqhubeka.

"Ngokwesicelo somlamuleli, amaqembu ayakhunjuzwa ukuthi izingxoxo zokuxazululwa… ziyimfihlo nokuthi iNkantolo ngeke inanaze ukuphoqelela ukugcinwa kwemfihlo ngokujeziswa uma kunesidingo," kubhala uChhabria.

Izinombolo zama- $ 8 billion- $ 10 billion ziye zantanta emithonjeni yamacala, yize uFeinberg ethe ngeke "aqinisekise lelo nani." Abanye abahlaziyi bathi ngisho ne- $ 8 billion kungaba nzima ukuthethelela abatshalizimali beBayer, futhi balindele inani eliphansi kakhulu lokukhokha.

Izinkampani zabammeli zabammangali ezahola leli cala ezweni lonke zivumile ukukhansela noma ukuhlehlisa ukuvivinywa okuningi, okubandakanya okubili okubandakanya izingane ezisencane ezinomdlavuza, njengengxenye yezingxoxo zokukhokha. Kepha njengoba behlehla emuva, amanye amafemu agijimayo abelokhu egijimisa ukusayina abamangali abasha, into eyenza kube nzima izingxoxo zokuhlala ngokukhipha izinkokhelo zomuntu ngamunye.

Izingxoxo ziphinde zaba nzima ukuthi omunye wabaholi abaphambili be-Roundup - ummeli waseVirginia uMike Miller, ongumakadebona ekuthatheni izinkampani ezinkulu enkantolo - kuze kube manje wenqabile ukuhlehlisa ukuqulwa kwamacala, ngokusobala enciphisa ukunikezwa kokukhokhelwa. Inkampani kaMiller imele izinkulungwane zabamangali futhi inikeza izeluleko eziholayo kulezi zilingo ezimbili eziqhubekayo manje.

IMiller Firm ibe yingxenye ebucayi yeqembu ebiphinde ibandakanye nefemu iBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman yaseLos Angeles eyemba amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto ngokutholwa, kusetshenziswa ubufakazi ukufeza ukunqoba kwecala ezintathu Lawo marekhodi abhebhezela impikiswano yomhlaba wonke mayelana nokuphepha kwe-Roundup, ekhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto yawafaka kanjani amaphepha esayensi abonakala ngokungeyikho ukuthi adalwa kuphela ososayensi abazimele; wasebenzisa abantu besithathu ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi ababika ingozi nge-glyphosate herbicides; futhi ibambisene nezikhulu ze-Environmental Protection Agency ukuvikela isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuthi imikhiqizo yayo ayibanga umdlavuza.

Amanye amaklayenti kaMiller ayamjabulisa, enethemba lokuthi ngokubamba uMiller angakhokha inkokhelo enkulu yezicelo zomdlavuza. Abanye besaba ukuthi angahlasela amathuba okuthola indawo enkulu yokuhlala, ikakhulukazi uma inkampani yakhe ilahlekelwa esinye sezilingo ezintsha.

UFeinberg uthe akucaci ukuthi kungatholakala isinqumo esibanzi ngaphandle kukaMiller.

"UMike Miller ungummeli omuhle kakhulu," kusho uFeinberg. Uthe uMiller wayefuna lokho acabanga ukuthi kuyisinxephezelo esifanele.

UFeinberg uthe miningi imininingwane okumele ilungiswe, okubandakanya nokuthi imali izokwabiwa kanjani kubamangali.

Ukulandelwa komhlaba wonke kwezintatheli, abathengi, ososayensi kanye nabatshalizimali babheke intuthuko eduze, balindele umphumela ongaba nomthelela wokunyakaza emazweni amaningi ukuvimbela noma ukuvimbela imikhiqizo ye-glyphosate herbicide.

Kepha labo abathinteke kakhulu yizisulu ezingenakubalwa zomdlavuza kanye namalungu emindeni yabo abakholelwa ukuthi ukubeka phambili phambili kwezinkampani kwenzuzo ngaphezu kwezempilo yomphakathi kumele kubhekelwe kubo.

Yize abanye abamangali belaphe ngempumelelo umdlavuza wabo, abanye bafe besalinde ukuxazululwa, kanti abanye bagula kakhulu njengoba usuku ngalunye ludlula.

Imali yokuhlala ayilaphi muntu noma ibuyise umuntu omthandayo osephasile. Kepha kungasiza abanye ukukhokha izikweletu zokwelashwa, noma ukumboza izindleko zasekolishi zezingane ezilahlekelwe umzali, noma kuvumele nje impilo elula phakathi kobuhlungu obulethwa umdlavuza.

Kungaba ngcono kakhulu uma besingadingi ukumangalelwa ngobuningi, amaqembu abameli neminyaka enkantolo ukufuna izinkokhelo zokulimala okubangelwa yimikhiqizo eyimakethe eyingozi noma ekhohlisayo. Kungaba ngcono kakhulu ukuba nohlelo lokulawula oluqinile oluvikela impilo yomphakathi nemithetho ejezisa ukukhohliswa kwezinkampani.

Kungaba ngcono kakhulu ukube besihlala ezweni lapho ubulungiswa bebutholakala kalula khona. Kuze kube yileso sikhathi, siyabuka futhi silinde futhi sifunde emacaleni afana necala le-Roundup. Futhi sithemba okungcono.

January 17, 2020

Ukuhlaliswa kwamacala omdlavuza weMonsanto Roundup kuyinkimbinkimbi ngummeli obambekayo

Yini edingekayo ukuze uMike Miller axazulule? Lowo ngumbuzo ocindezelayo njengoba omunye wabameli abahola phambili enkantolo yamacala omdlavuza weRoundup ezweni lonke kuze kube manje enqabile ukuhambisana nabanye ababebhekene namacala okuvuma ukulungisa amacala egameni lezinkulungwane zeziguli zomdlavuza ezithi izifo zazo zibangelwe ukuvezwa kwemikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto .

UMike Miller, oyinhloko yenkampani yabameli base-Orange, eVirginia ebizwa ngegama lakhe, ubengazimisele ukwamukela imigomo yokuhlinzekwa kokuxazululwa okuxoxwe ngayo ezingxoxweni zokulamula phakathi komnikazi waseMonsanto waseGerman uBayer AG kanye nethimba labameli babamangali. Lokho kubalwa kabusha kuyindawo ebambekayo ebambekayo ephazamisa ukuxazululwa, kusho imithombo esondelene necala.

Esikhundleni salokho, inkampani kaMiller yethula izivivinyo ezimbili kule nyanga, kufaka phakathi eyodwa eqale namuhla eContra Costa, eCalifornia, kanti eyodwa ezoqala ngoLwesibili eSt. Louis, eMissouri. Kungenzeka ukuthi uMiller angavuma ukukhokhelwa nganoma yisiphi isikhathi, aphazamise ukuqulwa kwecala, noma kunjalo. UMiller naye unecala elibhekene noFebhuwari eNkantolo Yesifunda sase-US eSan Francisco. Leli cala, elethwe yisiguli esinomdlavuza u-Elaine Stevick, lizoba icala lesibili elizobanjelwa enkantolo yombuso.

Isinyathelo sikaMiller sokuqhubeka nokuzama amacala simhlukanisa namanye amafemu abamangaleli baseRoundup, kufaka phakathi inkampani yezomthetho iBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman yaseLos Angeles kanye nenkampani iDenver, eseColorado i-Andrus Wagstaff. Njengenkampani iMiller, uBaum Hedlund no-Andrus Wagstaff bamele izinkulungwane zabamangali.

Lawo mafemu avumile ukukhansela noma ukuhlehlisa ukuvivinywa okuningi, kufaka phakathi okubili okubandakanya izingane ezincane ezinomdlavuza, ukuze kwenziwe lula ukuxazululwa.

Eminye imithombo ikhombe inani lokukhokha elingaba khona elingama- $ 8 billion- $ 10 billion, yize abanye abahlaziyi bethi leyo nombolo kuzoba nzima ukuthethelela abatshalizimali beBayer, abagade okwenzekayo.

Abagxeki basola uMiller ngokwenza ngendlela engalimaza ikhono lezinkulungwane zabamangali zokuthola izinkokhelo ezivela eBayer, kodwa abalandeli bakhe bathi ulwela izintshisekelo zamakhasimende akhe futhi wenqaba ukwamukela imigomo ayithola ingaphansi kakhulu. UMiller ungumakadebona ongumakadebona onomlando omude wokuthatha izinkampani ezinkulu, kufaka phakathi izigebenga zemithi, ngenxa yokulimala kwabathengi okuhlobene nomkhiqizo.

Umlamuli uKen Feinberg uthe akucaci ukuthi kungaba khona yini ukuxazululwa komhlaba wonke ngaphandle kukaMiller.

"UMike Miller unombono wokuthi amacala akhe abaluleke kanjani futhi ufuna lokho acabanga ukuthi kuyisinxephezelo esifanele," kusho uFeinberg. IJaji Lesifunda saseMelika uVince Chhabria waqoka uFeinberg ukuba abe ngumlamuleli phakathi kweBayer nabameli babamangali ngoMeyi odlule.

IMonsanto ilahlekile zontathu lezi zivivinyo ibanjwe kuze kube manje. IMiller Firm isingathe ezimbili zalezo zivivinyo - yaletha abameli bakaBaum Hedlund ukuba bazosiza ecaleni lika  UDewayne “Lee” Johnson (ngemuva kokuthi uMike Miller elimale kanzima engozini ngaphambi nje kokuthethwa kwecala) kanye nangecala labamangali bendoda nenkosikazi, U-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod. UJohnson uklonyeliswe ngama- $ 289 million kwathi amaPilliod aklonyeliswa ngaphezulu kwama- $ 2 billion yize abahluleli becala ecaleni ngalinye behlisa le miklomelo. Elinye icala elenziwe kuze kube manje, ngezimangalo ezalethwa ngu-Edwin Hardeman, liphathwe yinkampani nommeli uJennifer Moore, u-Andrus Wagstaff.

Ukuzama kukaMiller ukusunduza izilingo ezintsha kunezingozi eziningana, kufaka phakathi iqiniso lokuthi iMonsanto ingaphumelela ecaleni elilodwa noma ngaphezulu, okunganikeza iBayer amandla ezinkulumweni zokuhlala. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, uma uMiller ebenganqoba izivivinyo ezinganikeza amandla amasha kubamangali ukuthi bacele imali ethe xaxa.

Ingcindezi yokuxazululwa ibilokhu izwakala iphakeme kuzo zombili izinhlangothi. Izinto eziyinkimbinkimbi zifaka phakathi ukubhaliswa kwenani labamangali 'elisayinwe amafemu abameli azungeze i-United States phakathi kokudalulwa kokuxazululwa okungenzeka kube khona. Eminye imibiko yabezindaba isikhiphe inani eliphelele labamangali kuma-80,000 ngenkathi eminye imithombo ithe le nombolo ingaphezulu kuka-100,000. Ingxenye enkulu yaleyo nombolo, nokho, ikhombisa abamangali abasayinisiwe kepha abangazifakanga izinyathelo enkantolo, kanti abanye abafake izicelo kodwa abanazo izinsuku zokuqulwa kwecala. Noma yikuphi ukukhokhelwa manje kuzomela amaphesenti amakhulu wabamangali, kepha hhayi konke, kusho imithombo.

Wonke amacala asola ukuthi umdlavuza ubangelwe ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto's glyphosate-based, kubandakanya ne-Roundup brand esetshenziswa kabanzi. Futhi konke okushiwo uMonsanto wayazi, futhi wakufihla, izingozi.

Phakathi kobufakazi obuye bavela ngaleli cala kukhona nemibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ekhombisa ukuthi le nkampani yakhelwe ukushicilelwa kwamaphepha esayensi abonakala ngamanga ukuthi enziwa ososayensi abazimele kuphela; ukuxhaswa, nokusebenzisana, namaqembu angaphambili asetshenziselwe ukuzama ukudicilela phansi ososayensi ababika ingozi ngemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto; nokusebenzisana nezikhulu ezithile ngaphakathi kwe-Environmental Protection Agency (i-EPA) ukuvikela nokuphakamisa isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuthi imikhiqizo yayo ayibanga umdlavuza.

Esivivinyweni saseCalifornia esiqale namuhla, uKathleen Caballero uthi usungule i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kokufafaza iRoundup kusuka ngo-1977 kuya ku-2018 njengengxenye yomsebenzi wakhe ebhizinisini lengadi nasekulungiseni ingadi, nasekusebenzeni kwakhe epulazini.

Ekulindeleke ukuba liqale ngoLwesibili eSt. Louis, kunabamangali abane - uChristopher Wade, uGlen Ashelman, uBryce Batiste no-Ann Meeks.

Icala lesithathu liphinde lahlelelwa le nyanga eNkantolo eNkulu yaseRiverside County. Leli cala lilethwe nguTreesa Cotton, owesifazane okutholwe ukuthi une-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngo-2015 asola ngokuvezwa yi-Roundup kaMonsanto.

January 16, 2020

IMonsanto ilahlekelwa ngumzamo wokuqeda ukuqulwa kwecala laseSt.Louis eliqala ngesonto elizayo

Umnikazi waseMonsanto waseGerman uBayer AG wehlulekile emizameni yokuqeda ukuqulwa kwecala laseMissouri mayelana nezimangalo ezalethwa yiziguli ezinomdlavuza zokuthi i-herbicide kaMonsanto ibangele izifo zabo kanti iMonsanto ifihle izingozi.

Esinqumweni esikhishwe ngoLwesithathu, ijaji laseSt. Louis City u-Elizabeth Byrne Hogan weSekethe lama-22 laseMissouri wabusa ukuthi inkampani ibingenalo ilungelo lokufingqa isinqumo ecaleni lika-Wade v. Monsanto, okulindeleke ukuthi liquliswe icala ngoLwesibili.

UHogan waphinde wakhungatheka uMonsanto ngoku-oda uLwesine ukuthi icala lingaqoshwa ngomsindo nevidiyo futhi lisakazwe emphakathini. Abameli bakaMonsanto babephikisana nokuthi leli cala akufanele lisakazwe ngoba ukumenyezelwa kungabeka engcupheni ofakazi nalabo ababengabaphathi beMonsanto.

IJaji uHogan likhiphe isinqumo sokuthi leli cala lizovulelwa ukuqoshwa komsindo nevidiyo futhi lisakazwe kusukela ekuqaleni kwalo ngoJan 21 kuze kube sekupheleni kokuqulwa kwecala, ngaphandle kokunikezwa okuningana, okubandakanya ukungabikhona kokukhethwa kwabasizi bejaji.

Icala lizoba elokuqala ukwenzeka eSt. Louis, okuyidolobha lakudala laseMonsanto ngaphambi kokuba inkampani ithengwe yiBayer ngoJuni 2018.

IMonsanto ilahlekelwe yizilingo ezintathu zokuqala esezenzekile kuze kube manje. Kulezo zivivinyo ezintathu, inani labamangali abangu-XNUMX lithe ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esekwe enkampanini ye-glyphosate kubangele ukuthi ngamunye wabo athuthukise izinhlobo ze-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi iMonsanto ihlanganise ubufakazi bezingozi.

Abamele izinhlangothi zombili bebelokhu besebenza nomxazululi oqokwe yinkantolo kusukela ngoMeyi odlule ukuzama ukuxazulula inkinga. Njengoba izingxoxo zokukhokha seziqhubekile, iBayer ixoxisane ngempumelelo nezinhlangano ezithile zabammangali zokuhlehlisa kanye / noma ukukhansela ukuqulwa kwamacala amaningi, okubandakanya nelilodwa ebelizobekwa endaweni yaseSt.Louis ngesonto eledlule likaJanuwari. Phakathi kwamacala akhishwe ohlelweni lokuqulwa kwamacala kukhona amacala amabili athinta izingane eziphethwe umdlavuza kanye necala elibandakanya owesifazane othole ubunzima obukhulu ekulweni kwakhe ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Kepha ngenkathi amanye amafemu ehlehla ezinhlelweni zecala, iMiller Firm ezinze eVirginia, nokuyilungu elihola iqembu labamangali ecaleni likaWade, liye phambili. IMiller Firm isivele inokunqoba kwamacala amabili ngaphansi kwesandla sayo, njengoba imele ummangali wokuqala wecala, UDewayne “Lee” Johnson, kanye nabamangali bakamuva besivivinyo, U-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod. Okunye ukuqulwa kwecala okwenzekile kuze kube manje, ngezimangalo ezalethwa ngu-Edwin Hardeman, kuphathwe amafemu amabili ahlukene.

Ngaphezu kwecala likaWade, inkampani yakwaMiller inesinye isilingo okufanele siqale eCalifornia esizodibana necala likaWade uma zombili ziqhubeka njengoba bekuhleliwe.

Amafemu amaningana ahola phambili abandakanyeka kule nkantolo ayeka ukwamukela amaklayenti amasha ezinyangeni ezedlule, kepha abanye abameli abase-United States baqhubekile nokukhangisa, badonsa abamangali abangaba khona. Eminye imithombo ithi uhlu lwabamangali manje selingaphezu kwabantu abayi-100,000. Ngonyaka odlule iBayer yabika kubatshalizimali ukuthi uhlu lwabamangali ecaleni le-Roundup selingaphezu kuka-42,000.

In ebusa ngokumelene neMonsanto efuna ukwahlulelwa okufingqiwe, iJaji uHogan lidubule izimpikiswano ezahlukahlukene ezishiwo ngabameli benkampani, kufaka phakathi umzamo ophindaphindiwe kaMonsanto wokufuna ukuthi ngenxa yokuthi i-Environmental Protection Agency (i-EPA) iphetha ngokuthi i-glyphosate akuyona i-carcinogenic, i-federal legal preemption ikhona.

"Ummangalelwa akalibalanga nelilodwa icala lokuthi uhlelo lokulawulwa kwe-EPA luzama ukufaka izicelo zabamangalelwa," kusho iJaji uHogan esinqumweni sakhe. "Zonke izinkantolo ezethule lolu daba ziyalichitha."

Mayelana nempikiswano yenkampani yokuthi ijaji akufanele libe nelungelo lokucabanga ngokulimala kwesijeziso, ijaji lathi lokho kuzobhekwa ngemuva kokubona ubufakazi obethulwe ecaleni. Ubhale wathi: “Ummangalelwa uthi ngenxa yokuthi iRoundup ivunyelwe njalo yi-EPA kanye nezinye izinhlaka ezilawulayo, ukusebenza kwayo akukwazi ukuthathwa njengokwamabomu, okungafuneki noma njengobudedengu njengomthetho. Abamangali baphendula ngokuthi bazokwethula ubufakazi bokunganaki kukaMonsanto ukuphepha kwabanye, nokuziphatha okunyanyekayo nokubi, okubanjwe kwanele ukuletha isimangalo semonakalo yokujeziswa kumajaji kwamanye amacala azamile. Ummangalelwa akanalo ilungelo lokufingqa isinqumo ngomonakalo wokujeziswa. ”

January 14, 2020

Ukulindela Kwakha Ukuhlaliswa Kwezimangalo Zomdlavuza we-Roundup

Ukulangazelela kwakha inkolelo yokuthi maduzane kungamenyezelwa okungenani ukuhlawulwa okuncane kwengxenye yamacala aseMelika okufaka izinkulungwane zeziguli zomdlavuza zase-US kuMonsanto Co ngezinsolo zokuthi inkampani ifihle izingozi zezempilo zemithi yokubulala ukhula iRoundup.

Abatshalizimali kwiBayer AG, inkampani yaseJalimane eyathenga iMonsanto ngo-2018, basibheke ngeso lokhozi isimo samacala amathathu okwamanje asedokodweni ukuze aqhubeke kule nyanga. Izilingo eziyisithupha ekuqaleni kulindeleke ukuthi zenzeke ngoJanuwari, kodwa ezintathu zisanda "kuhlehliswa". Imithombo ithi ukuhlehliswa kuyingxenye yenqubo yokuthola isixazululo esiphelele nabameli abaningana abanamacala amaningi asalindiwe.

Amacala amathathu asadokodo kule nyanga ami kanje: ICaballero v. Monsanto, ezoqala ngoJanuwari 17 eNkantolo eNkulu yaseContra Costa eCalifornia; UWade v. Monsanto, uzoqala ngoJanuwari 21 eNkantolo Yesekethe yaseSt. Louis City eMissouri; kanye noCotton v. Monsanto, ehlelelwe uJanuwari 24 eNkantolo eNkulu yaseRiverside eCalifornia.

Ukulalelwa okulindeleke ukuthi kube namuhla ecaleni likaCaballero kumisiwe, kodwa kusazolalelwa elinye icala ngoLwesine ngaphambi kokuba kuqulwe ukuqulwa kwecala ngoLwesihlanu, ngokusho kwamacala enkantolo. Ngokunokwenzeka kugcizelela ubucayi besimo, okungenani omunye wofakazi abalulekile okulindeleke ukuthi athule ubufakazi kuleli cala utshelwe ukuthi ngeke adingeke, ngokusho komthombo osondelene necala.

ELouis, idolobha lakudala likaMonsanto, ikhalenda lasenkantolo lifuna ukuthi icala likaWade liqhubeke phambi kweJaji u-Elizabeth Byrne Hogan ngesonto kusukela namuhla, kusho okhulumela inkantolo uT Thom Gross.

Ummeli wabamangali uMike Miller, omele ummangali uKathleen Caballero kanye nabamangali abaningi ecaleni likaWade, uthe ubheke phambili ekuqulweni kwalezi "zisulu zenkohliso kaMonsanto." UMiller uthe amahlebezi okuthi ukuhlolwa kwakhe kuzohlehliswa angamanga futhi uhlose ngokuphelele ukuthi izivivinyo ziqhubekele phambili.

UMiller nabanye abameli abathintekayo enkantolo banqabile ukuphendula imibuzo mayelana nokuxazululwa okungaba khona.

Kepha abahlaziyi abalandela iBayer bathi izingxoxo zokuxazulula izinkinga zibheke esivumelwaneni esingaba khona sama- $ 8 billion ukuxazulula amacala amanje nge $ 2 billion ebekelwe izidingo zesikhathi esizayo.

Ngemuva kokulahlekelwa izivivinyo ezintathu kwezintathu nokubhekana nezinkulungwane zezimangalo zezisulu zomdlavuza ezisola ukuthi izifo zazo zibangelwe wukuchayeka emithini yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto, umnikazi waseMonsanto waseGerman uBayer AG ubesebenza izinyanga eziningi ukugwema noma yiziphi izivivinyo ezengeziwe. IBayer iphumelele ekubambezeleni izilingo eziningi ezenzelwe ukuphela kuka-2019 kanye nezintathu ebezihlelelwe uJanuwari ngaphambi kokuhlehliswa. Amabili kulawo macala abandakanya izingane ezihlaselwe i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kanti eyesithathu ilethwe ngowesifazane ophethwe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Kunezinto eziningi eziyinkimbinkimbi ezivimbela ukuxazululwa kwamacala, kufaka phakathi iqiniso lokuthi abameli babamangali abangaxhumani nethimba lobuholi labamangali bayaqhubeka nokukhangisa ngamakhasimende amasha azowengeza echibini, ngaleyo ndlela kungenzeka anciphise ukukhokhelwa kwabamangali abebelindile usuku lwabo enkantolo iminyaka.

Ekusebenzeleni ukuxazulula iBayer inethemba lokuthokozisa abatshalizimali abangajabule ngesibopho esikhulu uBayer asithathile ekutholeni iMonsanto, futhi unethemba lokugwema ukwaziswa okuningi okuzungezile kobufakazi bokulahlwa obethulwe ngesikhathi sezilingo zangaphambilini ezibonisa ukuthi iMonsanto ibazi ubungozi bomdlavuza wayo imikhiqizo ebulala ukhula kodwa yehluleka ukuxwayisa abathengi. Ukudalulwa kubange intukuthelo emhlabeni jikelele futhi kwagqugquzela izinyathelo zokunqanda ukhula olususelwa e-glyphosate.

Ngasekuqaleni kwenyanga idolobha laseDennis, eMassachusetts limemezele ukuthi lizokwenza lokho akusavunyelwe ukusetshenziswa kwe-herbicide glyphosate endaweni ephethwe idolobha. Ungomunye wemiphakathi eminingi endaweni yaseCape Cod abasanda kuthi bazokhawulela noma bavimbele ukusetshenziswa kwe-glyphosate herbicides. Amanye amadolobha amaningi kanye nezifunda zesikole azungeze i-United States athe abheke, noma asenqumile, ukuvimbela noma ukuvimbela ukusetshenziswa kwe-herbicides esekwe ku-glyphosate.

Emhlabeni, Vietnam futhi Austria bethi bazokwenza vimbela i-glyphosate ngenkathi iJalimane isho izovimbela ikhemikhali ngo-2023. Abaholi baseFrance nabo bathe bavimbela ukubulala ukhula okususelwa eglyphosate.

Abe-Environmental Protection Agency (i-EPA) bahlanganyele noMonsanto noBayer bethi abukho ubufakazi obusekela izimangalo zokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate ingadala umdlavuza.

January 8, 2020

Ukuhlehliswa Kwesilingo saseSt. Louis Monsanto Roundup, iBayer stock iyakhuphuka

Johannesburg - Isilingo somdlavuza we-Roundup obekulindeleke ukuthi siqale ngasekupheleni kwale nyanga endaweni yaseSt. Louis sikhishwe edokodo, kusho isikhulu senkantolo ngoLwesithathu.

Icala, obekuzofakwa lona wesifazane ogama lakhe linguSharlean Gordon noMenzi weRoundup, iMonsanto Co, belizoqala ngoJanuwari 27 eSt. Louis County kanti belizosakazelwa umphakathi. Ngokuqaphelekayo, abameli bakaGordon bahlela ukubeka owayeyi-CEO yeMonsanto uHugh Grant esitendeni. ILouis ibiyikhaya lekomkhulu lezinkampani laseMonsanto kuze kube yilapho inkampani ithengwa yiBayer AG yaseJalimane ngoJuni ka-2018.

Ekususeni ukuqulwa kwecala ekhalendeni, ijaji kuleli cala liyalele ukuthi kubanjelwe inkomfa yesimo inyanga yonke kusukela manje, kusho okhulumela iNkantolo yaseSt. Louis County Christine Bertelson.

Icala likaGordon selivele lahlehliswa kanye - ekuqaleni belihlelelwe u-Agasti. Kokunye kokulingwa okuye kwahlehliswa ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezedlule njengoba iBayer izama ukuthola ukuxazululwa kwenqwaba yezimangalo ezifakwe eMonsanto ngabantu abahlaselwe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abathi ibangelwe ukuvezwa kweMonsanto Roundup kanye nenye i-glyphosate -kubulala ukhula. Izikhulu zeBayer zithe iMonsanto ibhekene nabamangali abangaphezu kwama-42,700 e-United States.

UGordon wakha i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup herbicides iminyaka engu-25 lapho ehlala khona eSouth Pekin, e-Illinois, futhi usehlupheke kakhulu ngenxa yesifo sakhe. Ubaba omncane kaGordon, naye obesebenzisa uRoundup ekhaya lomndeni, ubulawe ngumdlavuza.  Icala  empeleni lisuselwa ecaleni elikhulu elifakwe ngoJulayi 2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezu kwama-75. UGordon wayezoba ngowokuqala walelo qembu ukuya ecaleni.

IMonsanto neBayer bayakuphika ukuthi ukubulala ukhula kweMonsanto kungadala umdlavuza, futhi bathi ukuqulwa kwamacala akunacala kepha kubhebhezelwa abameli babamangali abahahayo.

Ngokusho kwemithombo esondelene necala, izingxoxo ziyaqhubeka ukuhlehlisa ezinye izilingo zomdlavuza weRoundup, mhlawumbe kufaka phakathi isethi eyodwa ezoqala ngoJanuwari 21 eNkantolo yaseSt. Abameli beMonsanto kanye nabamangali ezilingweni ezizayo zikaJanuwari benqabile ukuphawula.

Izabelo eBayer zishaye ngesonto eliphezulu ngamaviki angama-52 futhi bezicishe zibe ngamaphesenti amathathu ngoLwesithathu. Abatshalizimali bebelokhu befuna inkampani ukuthi ithole indlela yokugwema ukuqulwa kwamacala ngokuzayo nokuxazulula amacala.

Ezivivinyweni ezintathu zomdlavuza zeRoundup ezigcinwe kuze kube manje, amajaji angavumelani athola ukuthi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto kubanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi inkampani yahlanganisa izingozi futhi yehluleka ukuxwayisa abathengi. Amajaji amathathu anikeze inani labamangali abangaphezu kwamadola ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezimbili, kepha abahluleli ecaleni ngalinye kunciphise imiklomelo kakhulu.

Akukho monakalo osakhokhiwe njengoba iMonsanto idlulisa izinqumo.

Umhlangano waminyaka yonke wabaninimasheya waseBayer uhlelelwe umhlaka-28 Ephreli futhi abahlaziyi bathe abatshalizimali bangathanda ukubona ukuthi kuzophela nini icala ngalesi sikhathi, noma okungenani kube nenqubekela phambili ebonakalayo ekuqukethe isikweletu. Bayer isitokwe satshuza, kulahlekelwa izigidigidi zamaRandi ngenani, ngemuva kwesinqumo sokuqala samajaji ngo-Agasti 2018, futhi amanani ezabelo ahlala ecindezelekile.

January 7, 2020

Izilingo eziningi zomdlavuza we-Monsanto Roundup Kulindeleke ukuthi zihlehliswe

(BUYEKEZA uJanuwari 8, 2020- NgoLwesithathu, okhulumela iNkantolo yaseSt. Louis County, uChristine Bertelson ukuqinisekisile ukuthi icala elilodwa elizoqala ukuqulwa ngoJanuwari 27 lihlehliswe ngokusemthethweni lingakabekwa usuku olusha lokuqulwa kwecala. Leli cala laliwukufaka owesifazane ogama lakhe linguSharlean Gordon kuMonsanto. )

Izingxoxo ziyaqhubeka zokuhlehlisa isilingo somdlavuza seRoundup esisodwa noma ngaphezulu obekulindelwe ukuthi siqale ngoJanuwari, kufaka phakathi izivivinyo ezihlelelwe iSt.

Amadokodo ezinkantolo asakhombisa ukuhlolwa ihlelelwe kamuva kule nyanga eLouis nasezinkantolo zaseCalifornia, futhi izikhulu zenkantolo zithi zisahlela ukuthi kuqulwe ukuqulwa kwamacala ngezinsuku ezibekiwe. Kepha imithombo eminingi yezomthetho ithe izinhlangothi eziphikisanayo beziseduze nezivumelwano ezizosusa ukuqulwa kwamacala ezinyangeni ezimbalwa, uma kungenjalo. Abameli beMonsanto kanye nabamangali ezilingweni ezizayo zikaJanuwari benqabile ukuphawula.

Inkulumo yokulibaziseka kwecala ayilindelekile. IBayer AG, inkampani yaseJalimane eyathenga iMonsanto ngoJuni 2018, yaxoxisana ngempumelelo ne ukuhlehliswa kwamacala amaningi lokho bekuhlelelwe ukuwa kwe-2019 ngemuva kokulahlekelwa yilolo nalunye lwezilingo ezintathu ezibanjiwe kuze kube manje. Ngamunye wabamangali ababandakanyekayo abathi babenomdlavuza wabo babangelwa ukuchayeka ku-Roundup nakwamanye ama-herbicides asekelwe eMonsanto glyphosate.

Amajaji  ithole hhayi nje ukuthi imithi yokubulala ukhula yenkampani ingadala umdlavuza, kepha nokuthi iMonsanto ibazi ngezingozi futhi ifihle imininingwane kubathengi. IBayer ilinganise ukuthi bangaphezu kuka-42,700 abantu abafake izicelo eMelika bephikisana neMonsanto, manje osekuyiyunithi ephethwe yiBayer ngokuphelele.

IBayer kanye nethimba labammeli babamangali bebelokhu bephokophele ukuxazululwa kwenkantolo okungaba ngaphezu kwamadola ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyisishiyagalombili, kusho imithombo yezomthetho.

IBayer ibikhathazeke kakhulu ngezilingo ezihlelelwe iSt. Louis, lapho owayenguMphathi Omkhulu weMonsanto uHugh Grant ubizelwe enkantolo ukuthi anikeze ubufakazi kanti ukuqulwa kwecala lommangali uSharlean Gordon kumele kusakazwe emphakathini. Ezivivinyweni ezintathu ezedlule, zonke ezazibanjelwe eCalifornia, abaphathi beMonsanto banikeze ubufakazi ngokufakwa kwemali futhi akudingeki ukuthi bame phambi kwamajaji.

"Ukuhlehliswa kwesilingo kunengqondo manje," kusho umhlaziyi weSusquehanna Financial Group uTom Claps. "Ngikholelwa ekutheni kungakuhle kakhulu ukuthi wonke umuntu angaphumi enkantolo ngalesi sikhathi, ikakhulukazi uma izingxoxo zibonakala ziqhubeka kahle."

Phakathi kokuhamba, amacala amaningi aqhubeka nokuqina. Abameli bakaMonsanto bebesenkantolo ngoMsombuluko e-Independence, eMissouri ukusetha usuku nesikhathi sokuqulwa kwecala elisanda kufakwa enkantolo elethwe ngowesifazane onenkinga ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma athi wayithuthukisa ngenxa yokuhlala kwakhe eRoundup.

UGregory Chernack waseWashington, DC, osenkampanini yabameli baseHollingsworth, enye yamafemu ezokuvikela aseMonsanto, utshele ijaji e-Independence ukuthi iMonsanto ifuna leli cala lihlanganiswe nabanye abangaba ngu-30 ababhekwe yijaji elihlukile eKansas City, eMo. Abameli bakammangali uSheila Carver basiphikisile lesi siphakamiso, base becela ijaji ukuthi liqhubeke libeke usuku lokuqulwa kwecala. IJaji leNkantolo yesiFunda iJackson County uJennifer Phillips uthathe isinqumo sokunika amaqembu izinsuku ezingama-30 ukuthi afake iziphakamiso ngalolu daba.

Umhlangano waminyaka yonke wabaninimasheya waseBayer uhlelelwe umhlaka-28 Ephreli futhi abahlaziyi bathe abatshalizimali bangathanda ukubona ukuthi kuzophela nini icala ngalesi sikhathi, noma okungenani kube nenqubekela phambili ebonakalayo ekuqukethe isikweletu. Bayer isitokwe satshuza, kulahlekelwa izigidigidi zamaRandi ngenani, ngemuva kwesinqumo sokuqala samajaji ngo-Agasti 2018, futhi amanani ezabelo ahlala ecindezelekile.

“Isitoko seBayer asisamukelanga kahle isinqumo ngasinye kulawa mathathu. Ngakho-ke, iBayer ayifuni ukubhekana nezihloko zezilingo ezingezinhle ngokulahlekelwa elinye icala, ikakhulukazi ngenkathi isezingxoxweni zokuxazulula izinkinga, ”kusho uClaps.

Kunezici eziningi ezisetshenziswayo, noma kunjalo, kufaka phakathi ukungaqiniseki okuzungeze umphumela wezikhalazo okulindwe ukulingwa ngakunye kokuthathu. Uma inkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala ibingaguqula okutholwe yijaji mayelana nesibopho sikaMonsanto, bekunganciphisa amandla okuxoxisana kwabamangali ukuze kuxazululwe umhlaba wonke. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, isikhundla senkampani sizobuthakathaka uma izinqumo zamajaji zigcinwa lapho kudluliswa icala. Kepha asikho isinqumo esilindelekile ekudlulisweni kwamacala izinyanga ezimbalwa ngaphezulu okungenani.

NgoDisemba, uMnyango Wezobulungiswa waseMelika uthathe isinyathelo esingajwayelekile se- ukulamula enkantolo kuya eceleni kweMonsanto kanye neBayer ekudlulisweni kwesinqumo esisodwa.

December 18, 2019

Ummeli Wabamangali Bomdlavuza BaseRoundup Baboshwe Ngamacala Obugebengu

Idrama esemthethweni ezungeze amacala omdlavuza we-mass tort Roundup isanda kuthola i-notch.

Amacala obugebengu ase-Federal bafakwe kuleli sonto bephikisana nommeli uTimothy Litzenburg bethi lo mmeli oneminyaka engu-37 ubudala wafuna u- $ 200 million “ngemali yokubonisana” ukuze athule ngemininingwane ayesabisayo ukuthi ingase ibe yimbi kakhulu kumhlinzeki wenhlanganisela yamakhemikhali eMonsanto.

ILitzenburg ibekwe icala elilodwa lokuzama ukukhwabanisa, ukwakha itulo nokudlulisa ukuxhumana kwangaphakathi ngenhloso yokuqola. Ube kade uboshwe ngoLwesibili kodwa udedelwe ngebond.

ULitzenburg wayengummeli kaDewayne “Lee” Johnson okwaholela ecaleni likaJohnson lika-2018 lokulwa noMonsanto, okwaholela ekutheni $ 289 million amajaji kuvuna uJohnson. Ukuqulwa kwecala bekungelokuqala kwezintathu ezenzekile ngokumelene neMonsanto ngezinsolo zokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula yenkampani efana ne-Roundup ibanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. IMonsanto, kanye nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG, balahlekelwe yizo zontathu lezi zilingo kuze kube manje kodwa badlulisa izinqumo.

Yize uLitzenburg ayenomsebenzi wokulungiselela uJohnson ukuqulwa kwecala, wayengavunyelwe ukubamba iqhaza ngesikhathi somcimbi ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngokuziphatha kwakhe okwakuphethwe yiMiller Firm, okwakungumqashi wakhe ngaleso sikhathi.

Inkampani yaseMiller ngabuye ngaxoshwa ILitzenburg futhi wafaka icala esola iLitzenburg ukuthi ibizenzela izinto, futhi "ingathembeki futhi ingaziphathi ngendlela." ILitzenburg iphendule ngo ukuphikisa isimangalo. Amaqembu muva nje axoxisene ngesivumelwano esiyimfihlo.

Inkinga entsha yeLitzenburg yeza ngesimo sesikhalazo sobugebengu esifakwe ngoMsombuluko enkantolo yenhlangano eVirginia. Isikhalazo asisho ukuthi inkampani iLitzenburg beyifuna imali kuyiphi, ayibiza nge- “Company 1.” Ngokwamacala abekwe wona, iLitzenburg yaxhumana neNkampani 1 ngoSepthemba kulo nyaka ithi ilungisa icala elizobeka iNkampani 1 kanye nezinkampani ezihlobene nazo ezinikezela ngamakhemikhali asetshenziswa yiMonsanto ukudala igama layo elibizwa ngeRoundup herbicide nokuthi iNkampani 1 yazi ukuthi izithako ziyi-carcinogenic kepha yehlulekile ukuxwayisa umphakathi. Uphinde wazama ukufaka ibhizinisi okukhulunywe ngalo kulesi sikhalazo njengeNkampani 2, echazwe ngabashushisi njengenkampani ehweba esidlangalaleni yase-US eyathenga iNkampani 1 ngo-2018.

Ngasekuqaleni konyaka iLitzenburg itshele i-US Right to Know ukuthi ibhala isikhalazo esinjalo ngomphakeli wamakhemikhali IHuntsman International  nezinhlangano ezihlobene, kepha akucaci ukuthi uHuntsman ubandakanyekile kulesi senzo.

ILitzenburg, manje esisebenzisana nayo nenkampani ye I-Kincheloe, i-Litzenburg ne-Pendleton, akaphendulanga esicelweni sokuphawula. Futhi nomlingani wakhe wezomthetho uDan Kincheloe. ILitzenburg ithe imele cishe amaklayenti ayi-1,000 XNUMX amangalela iMonsanto ngezinsolo zomdlavuza weRoundup.

Ngokwesikhalazo, uLitzenburg utshele ummeli weNkampani 1 ukuthi uyakholelwa uma efaka icala lokuqala kuzolandela abanye abaningi. Ukuvimbela lokho, iNkampani 1 ingangena "ohlelweni lokubonisana" neLitzenburg, kusolakala ukuthi ummeli utshele inkampani. Njengomeluleki u-Litzenburg uzoba nokushayisana kwezintshisakalo obekuzomvimba ekufakeni isimangalo esisongelwayo.

Ngokwolwazi isikhalazo sithi sinikezwe ngummeli weNkampani 1, uLitzenburg uthe uzodinga imali engu- $ 5 million yokukhokhelwa kwecala elibhaliwe kanye nelungiselelo lokubonisana ngo- $ 200 million yena nozakwabo. Isikhalazo sobugebengu sithi iLitzenburg ibhale phansi imibandela yesicelo sayo nge-imeyili eya kummeli wenkampani, ixwayisa ngokuthi uma inkampani ingahambisani nalokhu, iLitzenburg izokwakha i- "Roundup Two," okungadala "inkinga eqhubekayo futhi ekhulayo kakhulu" weNkampani 1.

U-Litzenburg ubhale ku-imeyili ukuthi isivumelwano sokubonisana naye kanye nozakwabo esingu- $ 200 million “siyinani elifanele kakhulu,” ngokusho kwesikhalazo sobugebengu. Okungenani ababili “abalingani” abanjalo babebandakanyekile kulolu hlelo, ngokusho kwesikhalazo.

Ummeli weNkampani 1 uxhumane noMnyango Wezobulungiswa e-United States ngo-Okthoba kanti abaphenyi ngemuva kwalokho baqophe ucingo neLetzenburg bexoxa ngezigidi ezingama- $ 200 ayezifuna, kusho isikhalazo.

Ngokwesikhalazo, iLitzenburg yaqoshwa yathi: “Indlela engicabanga ukuthi niyacabanga ngayo bazalwane futhi nathi sicabange ngayo wukugcina uhlangothi lwenu. Angicabangi ukuthi lokhu kufakwa bese kuguqulwa kube yi-mass tort, noma ngabe nina niwina amacala bese nishayela inani eliphansi… Angicabangi ukuthi ikhona indlela yokuphuma kukho ngemali engaphansi kwezigidigidi zamaRandi. Ngakho-ke, niyazi, kimi, hawu, lena yintengo yokuthengisa umlilo okufanele niyicabangele… ”

Ngesikhathi sokuxhumana nezinye neNkampani 1, uLitzenburg kuthiwa wathi uma ethola imali engango- $ 200 million, wayezimisele "ukudilika" ngesikhathi kufakwa udokotela oyisazi sobuthi seNkampani 1 ukudicilela phansi ithemba labamangali besikhathi esizayo ukuzama ukumangalela inkampani.

Uma iNkampani 1 ingena esivumelwaneni naye, kusolakala ukuthi iLitzenburg isho ukuthi, lokho kuzosho ukuthi iNkampani 1 "izogwema umbukiso wezinto ezethusayo ebezikade ziyicala leRoundup leBayer / Monsanto."

Abashushisa leli cala loMnyango Wezobulungiswa wase-US ngu-Assistant Chief L. Rush Atkinson noMsizi Oyinhloko we-Chief Chief u-Henry P. Van Dyck weCriminal Division's Fraud Section.

December 7, 2019

Owayengumphathi we-Monsanto wayala ukuthi afakaze ku-Roundup Cancer Trial

OwayenguSihlalo noMphathi Omkhulu weMonsanto Hugh kuzofanele azethule mathupha enkantolo endaweni yaseSt. .

UGrant, owahola iMonsanto ezinze eSt. Louis kusukela ngo-2003 yaze inkampani yathengiselwa iBayer AG yaseJalimane ngoJuni ka-2018, futhi wachitha iminyaka engama-37 esebenzela iMonsanto, wabizelwa enkantolo ngabameli ummangali uSharlean Gordon, ukufakaza ecaleni elizoqala ukuqala ngoJanuwari 27 eNkantolo Yesekethe yaseSt.

Icala likaGordon ekuqaleni lalihlelelwe u-Agasti walo nyaka kodwa labambezeleka njengengxenye yomzamo wokwenza izingxoxo zokuxazulula phakathi kweBayer nabameli bezinkulungwane ezingamashumi ezinkulungwane zabamangali abamangalela iMonsanto ngezicelo ezifana nezikaGordon.

Ezinye izilingo ezimbili ezibekelwe uJanuwari, zombili ezinkantolo zaseCalifornia futhi zombili ezibandakanya izingane ezitholwe zinomdlavuza, zazikhona okusanda kuhlehliswa ngenxa yezingxoxo eziqhubekayo zokuhlala.

I-Bayer ilinganisela ukuthi njengamanje kunabamangali abangaphezu kwama-42,000 abasola ukuthi ukuvezwa kwe-Roundup kaMonsanto namanye ama-herbicides asuselwa e-glyphosate enziwe yiMonsanto kubangele bona noma abathandekayo babo ukuthi benze i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

UGrant bekungadingeki ukuthi afakaze bukhoma ezivivinyweni ezintathu zomdlavuza weRoundup ezenzekile kuze kube manje ngoba zonke zazibanjelwe eCalifornia. Kepha ngenxa yokuthi uGrant uhlala eSt. Louis County, abameli babamangali babona ithuba lokummisa mathupha.

Abameli bakaGrant bebelokhu belwa naleso sabizo, bethi akayena usosayensi noma uchwepheshe wezomthetho futhi usevele uhlinzeke ngemininingwane efakazela ubufakazi bokufakwa kwezikhundla. UGrant uphinde waveza ukuthi akumele afakaze ngoba uhlela ukuba aphume kuleli kusukela ngoFebhuwari 9.

Kepha esinqumweni esikhishwe ngoDisemba 5, umphathi okhethekile oqokelwe leli cala ubesondele kubameli bakaGordon wabusa ukuthi uGrant wayengenalungelo lokuthola umyalo wokuqeda isamanisi ukuze kufakwe ubufakazi.

“Mnu. UGrant uvele kwinhlolokhono emsakazweni womphakathi emele ukuthi iRoundup akuyona i-carcinogen; emikhakheni yokuthola imali kubatshalizimali uMnu Grant uphendule ngokwakhe ukuthi ukuhlukaniswa kwe-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen okungenzeka kwaba 'yisayensi engenamsoco;' ngo-2016 uMnu Grant wanxenxa mathupha uMphathi we-EPA kanye noSihlalo Wekomidi Lezolimo ngesihloko se-glyphosate, ”kusho i-master master oda.

“Yize uMnu uGrant engenalo ulwazi lwesayensi ukuthi ngokungangabazeki luzoba yingxenye ebalulekile yalolu cala, wayengu-CEO weMonsanto iminyaka engu-15 futhi wabamba iqhaza ezethulweni, ezingxoxweni, ezingxoxweni nakwezinye izinto ezazivela eMonsanto njenge-CEO lapho izihloko Kuchazwe i-Roundup ne-glyphosate, kwaxoxwa kwavikelwa, ”kusho iSpecial Master uThomas Prebil esinqumweni sakhe.

UGordon wakha i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup herbicides iminyaka engu-25 lapho ehlala khona eSouth Pekin, e-Illinois, futhi usehlupheke kakhulu ngenxa yesifo sakhe. Ubaba omncane kaGordon, naye osebenzise uRoundup ekhaya lomndeni lapho uGordon ahlala khona waze waba mdala, wabulawa ngumdlavuza.  Icala  empeleni lisuselwe ecaleni elikhulu elifakwe ngoJulayi 2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezu kwama-75. UGordon ungowokuqala walelo qembu ukuya ecaleni.

Ezivivinyweni ezintathu ezedlule, amajaji angavumelani athola ukuthi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto kubanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi inkampani yazifihla izingozi zehluleka ukuxwayisa abathengi. Amajaji amathathu anikeze inani labamangali abangaphezu kwamadola ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezimbili, kepha amajaji amathathu okuqulwa kwamacala kunciphise imiklomelo kakhulu esimweni ngasinye.

Bonke bayadluliselwa futhi akekho noyedwa kubamangali abaphumelele osetholile noma yimiphi imiklomelo yemali ama-jury ayiyalile.

ISICELO SEJOHNSON SIHLEKELWE

Ummangali wokuqala ukunqoba elwa noMonsanto ngunogada wesikole waseCalifornia ovela eCalifornia. UDewayne “Lee” Johnson wanikezwa amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-289 ngamajaji ngo-Agasti 2018. Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ijaji lecala lehlisa umonakalo laya ezigidini ezingama-78 zamaRandi. UMonsanto ufake isicelo sokuguqula isinqumo sejaji futhi uJohnson wadlulisa icala efuna ukubuyisela umklomelo ophelele wama- $ 289 million.

INkantolo Yokudluliswa Kwezikhalazo Yokuqala YaseCalifornia ithe izothatha isinyathelo ngokushesha lapho ikhipha isinqumo mayelana nezikhalazo ezihlanganisiwe nabameli bazo zombili izinhlangothi ekuqaleni babenethemba lokuthi bazophuma nesinqumo ngasekupheleni kwalo nyaka. Kodwa icala libanjezelwe amasonto ambalwa njengoba zombili izinhlangothi zilinde usuku lokuphikisana ngomlomo. NgoDisemba 1, abameli bakaMonsanto bacela inkantolo ukuthi ingahleleli izimpikiswano ngomlomo ngoJanuwari noma ngoFebhuwari, njengoba kusalindwe izilingo ezintsha zeRoundup kulezo zinyanga. Abameli bakaJohnson basiphikisile leso sicelo sokuqhubeka nokubambezeleka.

NgoLwesihlanu, inkantolo ikhiphe umyalelo othi yize ivumelana noJohnson ngesidingo sokwenza lokho
“Hlela ukuphikisana ngomlomo ngokushesha ngangokunokwenzeka,” bekungenakwenzeka ukuthi izingxoxo zomlomo zibanjwe kuze kube nguMashi wango-Ephreli “uma kunikezwe inani nobude bayo yonke imibhalo ezocatshangelwa, iziphakamiso ezisalele inkantolo okufanele ikhiphe isinqumo ngazo lapho kubhekwa ukufaneleka isikhalo, ”nezinye izinto.

November 26, 2019

Izilingo eziyisithupha zeMonsanto Roundup Cancer Zibekelwe uJanuwari

Ngemuva kwezinyanga ezimbalwa zisematheni, abameli bezinhlangothi zombili zamacala omdlavuza weRoundup ezweni lonke balungiselela izilingo ezigqagqene onyakeni omusha njengoba ezinye iziguli ezinomdlavuza eziningi zifuna ukusola iMonsanto ngezifo zazo.

Izilingo eziyisithupha njengamanje okumelwe kwenzeke ukuqala ngoJanuwari, elilodwa ngoFebhuwari, amabili ngoMashi nezilingo ezengeziwe zihlelelwe cishe njalo ngenyanga kusukela ngo-Ephreli kuya ku-Okthoba 2021. Izinkulungwane zabamangali abengeziwe basasebenza ukuthola izinsuku zokuqulwa kwamacala abo.

Abamangali ezivivinyweni ezizayo zikaJanuwari bafaka izingane ezimbili abashaywe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma okusolakala ukuthi ngemuva kokuvezwa kaningi emithini yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto besebancane kakhulu. Okunye okuzobanjelwa uJanuwari ukuqulwa kwecala lowesifazane ogama lakhe USharlean Gordon oseke wahlaselwa umdlavuza wakhe izikhathi eziningana. Elinye icala lizokwethula izimangalo zabamangali abahlanu abathi ukubulala ukhula kukaMonsanto kubangele umdlavuza wabo.

Ngokuphawulekile, izivivinyo ezimbili ngoJanuwari zizokwenzeka endaweni yaseSt. Louis, eMissouri - lapho iMonsanto yayinendlunkulu amashumi eminyaka ngaphambi kokutholwa kwayo ngoJuni 2018 yiBayer AG yaseJalimane. Lezo zivivinyo ezimbili zizoba ezokuqala ukuya ngaphambi kwamajaji edolobheni lasekhaya laseMonsanto. Icala likaGordon kwakumele liqale ukuqulwa kwamacala kuleya ndawo ngo-Agasti odlule kodwa lahlehliswa, njengoba nabanye babebekelwe isigamu sesibili sonyaka wezi-2019, njengoba abameli bakaBayer nabamangali beqala izingxoxo zokuxazulula le nkinga.

Kusengenzeka ukuthi uhlobo oluthile lokuxazulula - oluqondene necala ngalinye, noma olukhulu - lungenzeka ngaphambi kukaJanuwari, kepha abameli ezinhlangothini zombili balungiselela uhlelo olunikeza izinselelo eziningi zokuhleleka. Isivivinyo ngasinye kulindeleke ukuthi sithathe amasonto ambalwa, hhayi nje kuphela ukuthi abanye abameli bayabandakanyeka emacaleni okuzama ngamashejuli okulingwa agqagqene, kepha iqembu elincane lofakazi abangochwepheshe abazobe befakaza emacaleni amaningi enzeka ngasikhathi sinye.

Izilingo ezintathu zenzekile kuze kube manje enkantolo yamacala amakhulu, aqala ngo-2015 ngemuva kokuthi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ihlukanise ikhemikhali elibizwa ngokuthi i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu engahle ibe nenhlangano ethile ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Kusukela ngama-1970s, i-glyphosate ibilokhu iyisithako esisebenzayo eMonsanto esibizwa ngama-herbicides, futhi njengamanje sithathwa njengesiyeza esibulala ukhula esisetshenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni.

Abameli babamangali bathi ukuqoqwa kwamacala njengamanje kumelela izimangalo ezinamandla kakhulu zomonakalo kunezilingo ezintathu ezedlule. "Lawa amacala aqinile," kusho ummeli u-Aimee Wagstaff, omele uGordon. NgoMashi, iklayenti lakwaWagstaff u-Edwin Hardeman uwine i- Isinqumo samajaji ayi- $ 80 million ovela kwijaji laseSan Francisco ecaleni lakhe elibhekene neMonsanto.

Ngecala likaGordon, uWagstaff usebize lowo owayenguSihlalo weMonsanto uHugh Grant ukuthi azofakaza bukhoma ecaleni. UGrant kuze kube manje ufakaze ngokudiphozitha kuphela futhi bekungadingeki ukuthi afakaze phambi kwejaji; futhi abanabo abanye abaphathi abasezingeni eliphezulu beMonsanto ngoba izilingo zabanjwa eCalifornia. Kepha ngokuqulwa kwecala eSt. Louis, abameli babamangali banethemba lokuthola ososayensi nabaphathi beMonsanto endaweni yokumangalelwa imibuzo. Abameli bakaGrant bakuphikisile ukumenza avele mathupha, kanti izinhlangothi zombili zilinde isinqumo ngalolo daba.

Esivivinyweni sakamuva kakhulu esizokwenzeka, ijaji e-Oakland, eCalifornia iyalile iMonsanto ukukhokha ngaphezu kuka- $ 2 billion kumonakalo ku-Alberta no-Alva Pilliod, umbhangqwana oshadile bobabili abahlupheka yi-NHL abasola ngokuvezwa yiRoundup. Icala lokuqala laphela ngo-Agasti 2018 lapho amajaji enkantolo yezwe eSan Francisco eyala iMonsanto ukukhokha u- $ 289 million  ekulimaleni komgcini wezinkundla zesikole uDewayne “Lee” Johnson, otholakale enohlobo lokufa lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Amajaji kuwo womathathu lawa macala anqume ukuthi imiklomelo ibiningi futhi yehlisa inani lomonakalo, yize izinqumo okwamanje zidlulisiwe.

Abantu abangaphezu kwe-42,000 e-United States manje sebemangalele uMonsanto bethi i-Roundup namanye ama-herbicides eMonsanto abangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Amacala asolwa ngokuthi inkampani ibizazi kahle izingozi iminyaka eminingi kodwa ayenzanga lutho ukuxwayisa abathengi, isebenza esikhundleni sokukhohlisa irekhodi lesayensi ukuvikela ukuthengiswa kwezinkampani.

November 13, 2019

Umdlavuza Uthatha Umthelela Njengokuhlolwa Okusha Kwe-Roundup Eduzane

Eminyakeni emihlanu edlule, uChris Stevick usize unkosikazi wakhe u-Elaine empini yakhe yokulwa nohlobo lomdlavuza olubi abathandwa yilo mbhangqwana bakholelwa ukuthi lubangelwe wukusetshenziswa okuphindaphindiwe kuka-Elaine umuthi wokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto's Roundup ezungeze impahla yaseCalifornia lo mbhangqwana owawunabo. Manje izindima zihlehlisiwe njengoba u-Elaine kumele asize uChris abhekane nomdlavuza wakhe.

UChris Stevick, obevame ukuxuba iRoundup yomkakhe futhi ahlole isifutho esasetshenziswa ukukhipha umbulali wokhula, kutholakale ukuthi ngenyanga edlule une-lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), uhlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ngokungafani nohlobo luka-Elaine olunolaka lwe-NHL olwaziwa njenge-central nervous system lymphoma, umdlavuza kaChris uhlobo oluvame ukukhula kancane. Utholwe ngemuva kokuhlolwa ngokomzimba okukhombisa ukungajwayelekile egazini lakhe nokuholele ekutheni aqhubeke nokuhlolwa.

Ukutholakala kwalokhu kuholele ekutheni kube nomdonsiswano phakathi kwabameli abathintekayo ecaleni elibucayi lemikhiqizo ye-Roundup ngenxa yokuthi icala likaStevick elibhekiswe kuMonsanto libekwe njengecala elilandelayo lombuso elizongena enkantolo.

Njengoba usuku lokuqulwa kwecala lungoFebhuwari 24, 2020 lusondela, abameli baka-Elaine Stevick kubuza abameli bakaMonsanto uma inkampani ingavuma ukuthi izimangalo zomdlavuza zikaChris Stevick zingahlanganiswa nezomkakhe ecaleni likaFebhuwari eSan Francisco. Abameli bathi okungenani ukuxilongwa kukaChris Stevick kungubufakazi obuvumelekile ecaleni lomkakhe njengobufakazi obengeziwe besimangalo sabo sokuthi ukuvezwa kweRoundup kungadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Abameli bakaMonsanto bayakuphikisa ukuhlanganiswa kwezimangalo futhi bathi ukuqulwa kwecala lika-Elaine Stevick kufanele kuqhubeke ngoFebhuwari kuphela uma kungashiwo lutho ngomdlavuza womyeni wakhe. Ngenye indlela, iMonsanto icela ukuthi icala likaFebhuwari libambezeleke futhi inkampani inikezwe isikhathi sokuthola ukutholakala kukaChris Stevick.

Lolu daba luzodingidwa engqungqutheleni yokuphathwa kwamacala ngoLwesine, lapho abakwaStevicks behlela ukuya khona. Ijaji lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria uthe ngaphambi kokulalelwa ukuthi "ubuka okwesikhashana" ukuthi ukuqhubeka kwecala kuzodingeka uma umbhangqwana ufuna ukuzama izimangalo zabo ndawonye. Uthe futhi uma u-Elaine Stevick eqhubeka nezicelo zakhe zokuchayeka yedwa, ubufakazi bokuthi umyeni wakhe unesifo somdlavuza “ngeke bamukeleke….”

Uma ijaji liqinisekisa ukuthi ukujoyina lezi zimangalo kuzodinga ukuqhubeka, u-Elaine Stevick uzokhetha ukuqhubeka yedwa ngoFebhuwari, kusho ummeli uMike Miller.

Ngasekuqaleni konyaka kuklonyeliswe enye indoda nowesifazane abaphethwe umdlavuza, u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod ngaphezu kuka- $ 2 billion kumonakalo ecaleni labo elibhekiswe kuMonsanto, yize ijaji kuleli cala lehlise umklomelo womonakalo waba yizigidi ezingama- $ 87. Isivivinyo sePilliod kwaba yisivivinyo sesithathu semikhawulo yemikhiqizo ye-Roundup ukwenzeka kanti okwesithathu lapho amajaji athola khona ukuthi ama-herbicides kaMonsanto's Roundup adala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi inkampani ifihle izingozi kubathengi. Umdlavuza ka-Alberta Pilliod usanda kubuya futhi akucaci ukuthi uzophila isikhathi eside, ngokusho kwabameli bakhe.

Akekho noyedwa kubantu kuze kube manje onikezwe imali kulezi zivivinyo ezintathu osethole noma iyiphi inkokhelo evela eMonsanto njengoba umnikazi wayo uBayer AG edlulisa izinqumo.

Njengamanje kunabantu abangaphezu kwama-42,000 abamangalela iMonsanto e-United States, bethi ukubulala ukhula kweMonsanto kubanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Amacala asolwa ngokuthi inkampani ibizazi kahle izingozi kodwa ayenzanga lutho ukuxwayisa abathengi, isebenzela ukukhohlisa irekhodi lesayensi.

Icala likaStevick lingesinye sezindawo okungenani eziyisithupha ezindaweni ezinhlanu ezihlelelwe uJanuwari noFebhuwari, kanti kulindeleke ukuthi ngalinye lihlale amasonto ambalwa. Abameli abaningi babandakanyekile emacaleni angaphezu kwelilodwa, futhi bonke banofakazi abangochwepheshe abachichimayo, bebeka izinselelo zenhlangano nezinsizakusebenza zombili izinhlangothi. Izilingo eziningi ezazisethelwe lokhu kuwa zabambezeleka kwaze kwaba unyaka olandelayo.

Okwamanje, zombili izinhlangothi zamacala zibheke iNkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala eCalifornia, lapho abameli bommangali UDewayne “Lee” Johnson futhi abameli beMonsanto balinde usuku lokuphikisana ngomlomo ekudluliseni kwabo icala. IMonsanto ifuna ukuguqula isinqumo esivumelwane sejaji esanikezwa inkampani ngo-Agasti 2018. Ijaji lecala kulelo cala lehlisa umklomelo wamajaji lisuka ku- $ 289 million laya ku- $ 78 million kanti uJohnson unxusa ukuthi kubuyiselwe imali ephelele engu- $ 289 million.

UJohnson waba ngowokuqala ukuya ecaleni uMonsanto futhi ukunqoba kwakhe kwathumela amanani entengo eBayer kwehla ezinyangeni ezimbili nje kuphela emva kokuba iBayer ivale ukuthengwa kweMonsanto ngoJuni 2018. UJohnson wanikezwa “ithuba lokulingwa” ngenxa yokubikezela kodokotela ukuthi akazange kufanele uphile isikhathi eside. UJohnson uphile isikhathi eside kulezo zibikezelo, yize impilo yakhe iqhubeka nokuwohloka.

Njengoba ukuqhubeka kwamacala kuqhubeka, abamangali abaningana sebeshonile noma sebesondele ekufeni, noma babhekane nezinkinga ezinkulu zezempilo kangangokuthi amandla abo okubhekana nobunzima bokufakwa kanye nokulingwa anciphile.

Kwezinye izimo, amalungu omndeni athathwa njengabamangali babathandekayo abashonile. Ngokwamagama asemthethweni, izaziso eziya ezinkantolo zibizwa ngokuthi “Isiphakamiso Sokufa. "

October 30, 2019

Njengoba kukhula amacala omdlavuza weRoundup, uMonsanto ulwela ukugcina umsebenzi we-PR uyimfihlo

Njengoba iMonsanto iqhubeka nokulwa nezimangalo zomthetho ngenxa yezingozi ezisolwa ngobuthi bayo obusetshenziswa kakhulu be-Roundup, inkampani izama ukuvimba ama-oda wokuguqula amarekhodi angaphakathi ngomsebenzi wayo nobudlelwano bomphakathi kanye nosonkontileka bokubonisana ngamasu.

Phakathi ku uchungechunge lokufakwa eNkantolo Yesifunda yaseSt. Louis, uMonsanto uthi akufanele ihambisane nezicelo zokutholwa ezibandakanya ukusebenzisana okuthile phakathi kwayo nenkampani yezobudlelwano bomphakathi emhlabeni UmnumzanaHillard, yize i-master ekhethekile ithole ukuthi iMonsanto kufanele ihambise leyo mibhalo. IMonsanto iyaqinisa ukuthi ukuxhumana kwayo neFleishmanHillard kufanele kubhekwe “njengelungelo,” okufana nokuxhumana kommeli namakhasimende, nokuthi iMonsanto akufanele ikhiqize njengengxenye yokutholwa kwabameli abamele iziguli ezinomdlavuza ezimangalela iMonsanto.

UFleishmanHillard waba yi-ejensi yokuqopha umlando kaMonsanto “ngomsebenzi wenkampani owaziwayo” ngo-2013, futhi abasebenzi bayo bazibandakanya kakhulu nale nkampani, basebenza “emahhovisi kaMonsanto cishe nsuku zonke” futhi bathola “ukufinyelela ezinqolobaneni ze-inthanethi zolwazi oluyimfihlo olungeyona lomphakathi,” kusho inkampani. "Ukuthi okunye kwalokhu kuxhumana kubandakanya ukwenziwa kwemiyalezo yomphakathi akubaphuci ilungelo," kusho uMonsanto enkantolo.

UFleishmanHillard usebenze kumaphrojekthi amabili eMonsanto eYurophu maqondana nokubhaliswa kabusha kwe
glyphosate futhi wasebenza nabameli bakwaMonsanto “kwiprojekthi ethile yocwaningo lwamajaji.” Uhlobo lomsebenzi owenziwe yinkampani yezobudlelwano bomphakathi "ludinga ukuxhumana okulungile" nommeli kaMonsanto wezomthetho, kusho inkampani.

Ngasekuqaleni konyaka umnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG wathi buqeda ubudlelwane bukaMonsanto noFleishmanHillard ngemuva kwalokho kwaqubuka izindaba ukuthi inkampani yezobudlelwano bomphakathi ibandakanyeke ohlelweni lokuqoqwa kwemininingwane eMonsanto eYurophu, ebhekise ezintatheli, osopolitiki kanye nabanye ababambiqhaza ukuzama ukuthonya inqubomgomo yokubulala izinambuzane.

IMonsanto ithathe isikhundla esifanayo maqondana nezokuxhumana ezibandakanya umsebenzi wayo nenkampani yokuphatha izithombe Ukubonisana kwe-FTI, iMonsanto eyayiqashe ngoJuni 2016. "Ukungabi khona kommeli kumadokhumende anelungelo nakho akwenzi ukuthi lowo mqulu ube sengozini yokuthola inselelo yelungelo," kusho uMonsanto ekufayeleni kwakhe.

Ngasekuqaleni konyaka, isisebenzi se-FTI sasikhona wabanjwa elingisa intatheli kwesinye sezivivinyo zomdlavuza weRoundup, ezama ukusikisela imigqa yezindaba yezinye izintatheli ukuba ziphishekele leyo Monsanto ethandekayo.

Le nkampani ifuna nokugwema ukunikezela ngemibhalo ethinta ubudlelwane bayo neNkampani yeScotts Miracle-Gro, ebilokhu ikhangisa futhi ithengisa iMonsanto's Roundup utshani nemikhiqizo yensimu kusukela ngo-1998.

Izisulu ezingaphezu kuka-40,000 zomdlavuza noma amalungu emindeni yazo manje sezimangalela uMonsanto esola ukutholakala kolayini wenkampani iRoundup herbicides ngezifo zabo, ngokusho kukaBayer. Amacala asolwa ngokuthi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto kudale ukuthi abamangali bahlakulele i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi yize iMonsanto ibazi izingozi zomdlavuza, ngenhloso ayizange ixwayise abathengi.

Bayer ubambe ucingo lwengqungquthela nabatshalizimali ngoLwesithathu ukuxoxa ngemiphumela yekota yesithathu nokuvuselela abaninimasheya ecaleni leRoundup. Isimise umsindo oqinisekisayo, isikhulu esiphezulu seBayer uWerner Baumann uthe yize abatshalizimali bengamangala ngenani eliphezulu lamacala, "akumangazi kangako." Uthe abameli babamangali e-United States basebenzise amashumi ezigidi zamadola ukukhangisa ngamakhasimende.

"Lokhu kwanda kwenani lamacala akumele kushintshe ukuqiniseka kwethu ngephrofayili yezokuphepha ye-glyphosate futhi akuyona neze into ekhombisa ukufaneleka kwaleli cala," kusho uBaumann. Ukudluliswa kwamacala kuyaqhubeka ngemuva kokuthi inkampani ilahlekelwe ngamacala amathathu okuqala, futhi inkampani "iyakha" ngokulamula, ngokusho kukaBaumann. IBayer izovuma kuphela ngesivumelwano "esikahle ngokwezezimali" futhi esizoletha "ukuvalwa okufanelekile enkantolo isiyonke," esho.

Yize inkampani ibhekisela kuyo njengezikhalazo ze- "glyphosate", abamangali basola ukuthi umdlavuza wabo awubangekanga ngenxa yokuvezwa yi-glyphosate kuphela, kepha ukuvezwa yimikhiqizo eyenziwe nge-glyphosate eyenziwe yiMonsanto.

Izifundo eziningi zesayensi zikhombisile ukuthi ukwakheka kunoshevu kakhulu kune-glyphosate kukodwa. I-US Environmental Protection Agency (i-EPA) ayizange ifune izifundo zesikhathi eside zokuphepha ekwakhiweni kwe-Roundup kuyo yonke iminyaka engama-40 kanye nemikhiqizo ebisemakethe, futhi ukuxhumana kwangaphakathi kwenkampani phakathi kososayensi baseMonsanto kutholwe ngabameli babamangali lapho ososayensi baxoxa ngokushoda kokuhlolwa kwe-carcinogenicity kwemikhiqizo ye-Roundup.

Izilingo eziningi ebezihlelelwe lokhu kuwa endaweni yaseSt. Louis, eMissouri ziye zabambezeleka kuze kube unyaka ozayo.

October 7, 2019

Esinye Isilingo Somdlavuza WaseSt

Kuzoqala ukuqulwa kwecala ngesonto elizayo mayelana nezinsolo zokuthi ababulali bakaMonsanto ababulala ukhula iRoundup babangela umdlavuza kuhlehliselwe okungenani unyaka ozayo, ngokwesinqumo sejaji ngoLwesihlanu.

Ukuqulwa kwecala bekuzoba ngokokuqala ngqa ukwenzeka endaweni yaseSt. Louis, okuyidolobha lakubo iMonsanto ngaphambi kokuba inkampani ithengisele inkampani yezemithi yaseJalimane iBayer AG ngonyaka odlule.

Amacala amabili abekade ehlelelwe phambilini endaweni yaseSt. Louis nawo ahlehliselwa unyaka ozayo. Isimo secala ebelifanele ukuqala ngesonto elizayo - uWalter Winston, et al v. Monsanto - besinaso besivele singabaza amasonto kodwa ukubambezeleka kwenziwa ngoLwesihlanu olusemthethweni:

“Ngenkathi amaqembu akuleli cala elingenhla ecele ukuthi iNkantolo isuse ukuqulwa kwecala kuleli kamu elinamazwibela ngaphezulu, kodwa KULANDELWA ukuthi ukuqulwa kwecala, okuhlelwe ukuthi kube ngo-Okthoba 15, 2019 ngeke kuqale njengoba bekuhleliwe. Imbangela isethwe ngesimo ngoFebhuwari 10, 2020 @ 9:00 am SO SO ORDERED: JUDGE MICHAEL MULLEN. ”

Icala likaWinston belilokhu livula intambo ngesikhathi esithile ngezinkinga zendawo. Leli cala lifakwe eNkantolo yaseSt. Louis City kodwa ngenyanga edlule uMullen, oyijaji leNkantolo yesiFunda yaseSt.  kudluliswe bonke abamangali ngaphandle kukaWinston kusukela enkantolo yedolobha kuye eSt. Abameli babamangali babe sebefuna ukuthi icala liqhutshwe enkantolo yesifunda ngo-Okthoba 15, okuyisimo esaphikiswa nguMonsanto. Ngesonto eledlule, ijaji esifundeni waphikisa ngokumelene abamangali bafaka isicelo salolo suku lokuqulwa kwecala.

Abameli babamangali manje bacela usuku lokuqulwa kwecala ngasekupheleni konyaka noma ekuqaleni konyaka ozayo. Ngokudluliswa kwabamangali abayi-13 baphuma ecaleni likaWinston eSt. Louis City, icala eliseSt.

"Imizamo kaMonsanto ephindaphindiwe yokugwema ukuqulwa kwecala… kufanele yenqatshwe, futhi icala kumele lihlelelwe ukuqulwa kwecala ngo-2019 noma ngokushesha ngemuva kwalokho," kusho abameli babamangali. ngokunyakaza kufakwe u-Okthoba 3.

Abamangali abali-14 ababesecaleni likaWinston baphakathi kwabantu abangaphezu kwabangu-18,000 e-United States abamangalela uMonsanto bethi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esekwe enkampanini i-glyphosate kubangele ukuthi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi iMonsanto ifihle izingozi ezihlobene nababulali bayo bokhula. .

Amajaji amathathu ezilingweni ezintathu ngaphezu kwezimangalo ezifanayo bathole abamangali futhi bayalela umonakalo omkhulu wokujeziswa kweMonsanto.

UBayer nabameli babamangali bahlanganyela ezingxoxweni mayelana ne- a ukukhokhelwa komhlaba wonke okungahle kwenzeke  wecala. UBayer ubelokhu ebhekene nentengo yamasheya ecindezelekile kanye nabatshalizimali abanganelisekanga selokhu kwathathwa isinqumo se-Aug. 10, 2018 ecaleni lokuqala lomdlavuza weRoundup. Ijaji linikeze umgcini wezinkundla zaseCalifornia UDewayne “Lee” Johnson $ 289 million futhi bathola ukuthi iMonsanto yenze ngobubi ekucindezeleni ulwazi mayelana nezingozi zemithi yokubulala ukhula.

September 23, 2019

IMonsanto Yenza Ibhidi Entsha Yokuvimba Isivivinyo SaseSt

Esikhathini esingaphansi kwenyanga kude nokuthi kuzoba yini icala lesine lomdlavuza weRoundup lokufaka izisulu zomdlavuza kumuntu owayekade eyi-agrochemical giant Monsanto Co, abameli bezinhlangothi eziphikisanayo bayaqhubeka nokulwa ukuthi icala kufanele - noma nini - noma kungafanele yezwa.

Abameli beMonsanto kanye nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG, uthumele incwadi lisonto eliya ejajini eliphethe eNkantolo yesiFunda yaseSt. UWinston V. Monsanto.

Ummangali oholayo uWalter Winston nabanye abali-13 abavela ezweni lonke babebhekene necala eNkantolo yaseSt. UMichael Mullen udlulise bonke abamangali ngaphandle kukaWinston baya eSt. Louis County e Umyalelo kaSepthemba 13.  Isinqumo seNkantolo eNkulu yaseMissouri ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka sathola ukuthi kwakungafanele abameli babamangali ukuthi bamise abamangali abavela ngaphandle kwendawo baye kothile owayenendawo efanele yokuletha icala eSt.

Abameli babamangali bebelokhu besebenzela ukugcina bonke abamangali abayi-14 behlangene futhi besendleleni yokuqulwa kwecala lika-Okthoba 15, befuna imvume yokuthi iJaji uMullen athathe isabelo sesikhashana esifundeni ngenhloso yokuzama icala leRoundup. Kodwa uMonsanto wawuphikisa lowo mzamo, wawubiza ngokuthi "yisiphakamiso esingajwayelekile" encwadini yenkampani eyabhalwa ngo-Septhemba 19 yencwadi eya kwiJaji laseSt. Louis County uGloria Clark Reno.

Le nkampani ithe abameli babamangali "yibona kuphela okufanele basolwe ngesikhundla abakuso manje. Ngesikhathi befaka izicelo zabo, indawo eDolobheni laseSt. Louis ibingafanele ... Isinqumo seNkantolo Ephakeme YaseMissouri… sikuqinisekisile ukuthi isiphetho. ”

Ukwengeza, abameli bakaMonsanto baphikisa encwadini yabo ukuthi noma yiliphi icala akufanele libe nabamangali abangaphezu kwababili: “Isivivinyo sokuhlanganyela sezimangalo ezingafani zabamangali abayishumi nantathu - izimangalo ezivela ngaphansi komthetho wamazwe amathathu ahlukene - zazizophazamisa ngokungafanele futhi ngokungafanele IMonsanto yecala elifanele. ”

Icala likaWinston, elifakwe ngoMashi ka-2018, lizoba ngecala lokuqala ukwenzeka endaweni yaseSt. Izilingo ezimbili obekumele ziqale eSt.Louis ngo-Agasti noSepthemba zibambezelekile.

Ngaphambi kokuthengisa eBayer ngonyaka odlule, iMonsanto yayizinze edolobhaneni laseCreve Coeur futhi yayingomunye wabaqashi abakhulu baseSt. Izilingo zomdlavuza weRoundup ezazibekiwe endaweni yaseSt. I- emuva naphambili belwa ukuthi icala likaWinston lingenzeka noma lingaqhutshwa kuphi futhi liqhubeke isikhathi esingaphezu konyaka.

Abamangali ecaleni likaWinston baphakathi kwabantu abangaphezu kwe-18,000 e-United States abamangalela uMonsanto bethi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esekwe enkampanini i-glyphosate kubangele ukuthi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi iMonsanto ifihle izingozi ezihambisana nababulali bayo bokhula. Amajaji amathathu ezilingweni ezintathu ngaphezu kwezimangalo ezifanayo bathole abamangali futhi bayalela umonakalo omkhulu wokujeziswa kweMonsanto.

UBayer nabameli babamangali bahlanganyela ezingxoxweni mayelana ne- a ukukhokhelwa komhlaba wonke okungahle kwenzeke  wecala. UBayer ubelokhu ebhekene nentengo yamasheya ecindezelekile kanye nabatshalizimali abanganelisekanga selokhu kwathathwa isinqumo se-Aug. 10, 2018 ecaleni lokuqala lomdlavuza weRoundup. Ijaji linikeze umgcini wezinkundla zaseCalifornia UDewayne “Lee” Johnson $ 289 million futhi bathola ukuthi iMonsanto yenze ngobubi ekucindezeleni ulwazi mayelana nezingozi zemithi yokubulala ukhula.

September 19, 2019

KUVUSELELWE - Isivivinyo saseSt. Louis mayelana nezimangalo zeMonsanto Roundup Cancer eLimbo

(UPDATE) - NgoSepthemba 12, iNkantolo Ephakeme YaseMissouri yavala leli cala, yavumelana nabameli babamangali ukuthi isicelo sikaMonsanto sokuthi inkantolo ephakeme ithathe udaba lwendawo sasiyisidina. Ijaji leNkantolo Yesifunda saseSt. Louis uMichael Mullen wabe esedlulisa bonke abamangali ngaphandle kukaWinston baya eSt Umyalelo kaSepthemba 13.)

Icala lika-Okthoba lokushaya iqembu leziguli ezinomdlavuza ngokumelene neMonsanto esifundeni senkampani esasiyikhaya laseMissouri lifakwe engozini yezenzo ezixakile ezisongela ukulihlehlisa unomphela leli cala.

Ukufakwa okusha kwenkantolo kukhombisa ukuthi abameli bezinhlangothi zombili zikaWalter Winston, et al v. UMonsanto bebelokhu bezibandakanya ochungechungeni lwezinyathelo zamasu okungenzeka manje zibabuyisela emuva kuze kufike usuku lokuqulwa kwecala lango-Okthoba 15 kusethwe ngu Ijaji Lenkantolo Yesifunda iSt. Louis Michael Mullen. Abameli babamangali abali-14 ababizwe ecaleni likaWinston bebelokhu befuna ukugcina udaba lwabo lusendleleni ukuze bakwazi ukwethula izimangalo ezivela kulabo abahlaselwa ngumdlavuza kwijaji laseSt. Louis ngenyanga ezayo. Kepha abameli beMonsanto bebelokhu ukusebenza ukubambezeleka ukuqulwa kwecala nokuphazamisa ukuhlanganiswa kwabamangali.

Icala likaWinston, elifakwe ngoMashi ka-2018, lizoba ngecala lokuqala ukwenzeka endaweni yaseSt. Ngaphambi kokuthengisa enkampanini yaseJalimane iBayer AG ngonyaka odlule, iMonsanto yayizinze edolobhaneni laseCreve Coeur futhi yayingomunye wabaqashi abakhulu baseSt. Izilingo zomdlavuza weRoundup ezazisethelwe indawo yaseSt. Louis ngo-Agasti nangoSepthemba zombili sezibambezelekile kuze kube unyaka ozayo.

Abamangali ecaleni likaWinston baphakathi kwabantu abangaphezu kwe-18,000 e-United States abamangalela uMonsanto bethi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esekwe enkampanini ye-glyphosate kubangele ukuthi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi iMonsanto ifihle izingozi ezihambisana nababulali bayo bokhula.

Ukuya phambili nangaphambili kokulwa ukuthi ukuqulwa kwecala likaWinston kungenzeka noma kungenzeki nini kwaqala ngaphezu konyaka odlule futhi akubanga nje kuphela nenkantolo yendawo yaseSt. Louis kodwa nenkantolo yokudlulisa amacala eMissouri neNkantolo Ephakeme Yombuso.

NgoMashi walo nyaka iMonsanto wafaka intshukumo ukuhlukanisa nokudlulisa abamangali abayi-13 kwabangu-14 ecaleni likaWinston besuka eNkantolo yaseSt. Louis City bayise eNkantolo yesiFunda yaseSt. Louis, lapho kwakukhona khona inkampani ebhalisiwe yenkampani nalapho “indawo efanelekile.” Isiphakamiso senqatshiwe. Le nkampani ifake isicelo esifanayo ngo-2018 kodwa nayo yenqatshwa.

Abameli babamangali bakuphikisile ukuhlukaniswa nokudluliswa okunjalo ekuqaleni konyaka, kepha manje sebesishintshile leso simo ngoba phakathi nakho konke lokhu kuhamba, uMonsanto ubelokhu efuna ukungenelela yiNkantolo Ephakeme YaseMissouri. Inkantolo ephakeme yombuso ubuse ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka ecaleni elingahlobene nokuthi bekungafanele ukuthi abamangali abangaphandle kweSt. Louis City bajoyine amacala abo kumhlali wedolobha ukuze bathole indawo eSt. Inkantolo yaseSt kade kubhekwe indawo evumayo yabamangali ezenzweni zobuningi

Isicelo sikaMonsanto sokungenelela yiNkantolo Ephakeme YaseMissouri savuzwa ngoSepthemba 3 ngenkathi iNkantolo Ephakeme ikhipha “Incwadi yokuqala yokwenqatshelwa”Evumela icala ngalinye likaWalter Winston ukuba" liqhubeke njengoba kuhlelwe "eNkantolo Yesifunda YaseSt. Kepha inkantolo ithe amacala abanye abamangali abayi-13 abajoyine icala likaWinston abengeke aqhubeke ngalesi sikhathi njengoba ibheka ukuthi la macala azowaphatha kanjani. Inkantolo yayalela ukuba kubanjwe noma yini enye iNkantolo YaseSt. Louis City, “kuze kube iyakhishwa le Nkantolo.”

Besaba ukuthi icala labo lizohlukaniswa phakathi noma / noma libambezeleke ukulinda isinqumo seNkantolo Ephakeme endaweni, abameli babamangali ngoSepthemba 4 bathi ukuhoxisa ukuphikisa kwabo esicelweni sikaMonsanto sokudluliselwa kwecala eSt.

Kepha manje uMonsanto akasafuni ukuthi icala lidluliswe ngenxa yesenzo seNkantolo Ephakeme. Ekufayilini Ngesonto eledlule le nkampani ithe: “Abamangali babelwela ukubamba indawo ngawo wonke amathuba, esikhundleni sokuvuma ukudlulisela izimangalo zabo eSt. Louis County nokufuna ukuqulwa kwecala kuleyo Nkantolo kudala. Ukuzuzisa abamangali bakaWinston ngalolu khetho kuzokhuthaza ukuqhubeka komdlalo. ”

NgoMsombuluko, abameli babamangali wafaka impendulo bethi abamangali baseWinston kufanele badluliselwe eSt. Louis County njengoba iMonsanto yayicelile phambilini futhi lokho kungenza udaba lwendawo ngaphambi kwenkantolo. Bona futhi baphikisanad ukuthi ijaji laseSt. Louis City ebeliphethe leli cala likaWinston kufanele liqhubeke nokusingatha leli cala ngaphakathi kohlelo lwenkantolo yesifunda.

“Ngokuhoxiswa kokuphikisana kwabo nesiphakamiso sikaMonsanto, abamangali bavumile ukukhululeka okukhulu izicelo zeMonsanto zale Nkantolo - ukudluliselwa kwabamangali baseWinston eSt. Louis County,” kusho abafaka izicelo zabamangali. “Icala labamangali baseWinston selilungele ukuqulwa kwecala lakhe. Uma leli cala lidluliselwa eSt. Louis County ngesikhathi esifushane, abamangali bangaqala ukuqulwa kwecala noma bavale uhlelo olukhona njengamanje. ”

Ukuthi ukuqulwa kwecala kusazokwenzeka phakathi no-Okthoba eSt. Louis kusengumbuzo ovulekile.

September 4, 2019

Amaqembu Ezobuchwepheshe, Abezokwelapha Namapulazi Bacela Inkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala ukuguqula Isinqumo Esimelene neMonsanto

Amaqembu amele izintshisekelo zepulazi, ezokwelapha kanye ne-biotechnology afake iziyalezo eNkantolo Yokudluliswa kwamacala yaseCalifornia, ehambisana neMonsanto ekuceleni inkantolo ukuthi iguqule isinqumo senkantolo eledlule esathola ukuthi i-glyphosate-herbicides kaMonsanto idala umdlavuza futhi yanquma ukuthi inkampani ichithe iminyaka ihlanganisa izingozi .

La maqembu anxusa inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ukuthi iphose ukunqoba ijaji laseSan Francisco elinikeze umgcini wezinkundla zesikole uDewayne “Lee” Johnson ngo-Agasti ka-2018 noma lenze ukuba umthetho weMonsanto ukhokhe umonakalo wokujezisa uJohnson. Icala likaJohnson kwaba ngowokuqala ngokumelene neMonsanto ngenxa yezimangalo zokuthi ukhula lwayo lwe-glyphosate olususelwa ku-Roundup lungadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

UJohnson ungomunye wabamangali abangaphezu kuka-18,000 abenza izimangalo ezifanayo. Amacala athi uMonsanto wayazi ngocwaningo lwesayensi olukhombisa ukuhlangana phakathi kokubulala ukhula nomdlavuza kodwa kunokuba axwayise abathengi inkampani isebenze ukucindezela lolu cwaningo nokusebenzisa izincwadi zesayensi.

Ijaji ecaleni likaJohnson linqume ukuthi uMonsanto kufanele akhokhe amadola ayizigidi ezingama-289, kufaka phakathi u- $ 250 million kumonakalo wokujezisa. Ijaji lecala kuleli cala kamuva lanciphisa inani lokulimala kwesijeziso, lanciphisa umklomelo ophelele waba ngu- $ 78 million. Amanye amajaji amabili ezilingweni ezalandela ngaphezu kwezimangalo ezifanayo nabo bathole abamangali futhi bayalela umonakalo omkhulu wokujeziswa kweMonsanto.

IMonsanto yadlulisa icala isinqumo futhi UJohnson wadlulisa icala, efuna ukubuyiselwa imali eyi- $ 289 million ephelele. Ukuphikisana ngomlomo kulindeleke kule nkantolo yokudlulisa amacala lokhu kuwa nesinqumo esingavela enkantolo yokudlulisa amacala ngaphambi kokuphela konyaka.

Elinye lamaqembu afaka okufushane okusekela isikhundla sikaMonsanto yiGenentech Inc., inkampani yaseSan Francisco enokwakhiwa kwe-biotech enomlando wokwenza ucwaningo ngemithi yokwelapha umdlavuza. Ekudluliseni icala enkantolo, UGenentech uyaphikisana ukuthi inolwazi lobuchwepheshe "njengenkampani yesayensi" futhi ibona ukuthi isinqumo sikaJohnson siyisongo enqubekweni yesayensi. "Izinkantolo kumele ziqinisekise ukuthi isayensi isetshenziswa ngendlela efanele enkantolo ukuze izinto zithuthuke emakethe…" kusho umbiko kaGententech.

I-Genentech umemezele ngasekuqaleni konyaka isibuyekezo esisheshayo esivela ku-Food and Drug Administration sokwelashwa kwezidakamizwa kubantu abane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Ekusekeleni isikhalazo sikaMonsanto, uGenentech wenanela izikhalazo zikaMonsanto zokuthi abameli bakaJohnson ababethulanga kahle ubufakazi besayensi: “UGenentech ubhala ukugqamisa ukubaluleka kokuhlolwa okufanele kobufakazi besazi sezinkampani ezinemikhiqizo emisha ngokwesayensi kanye nabathengi abathembele emisha yabo. ”

Le nkampani iphinde yasebenzisana neMonsanto odabeni lomonakalo wesijeziso, ithi izinkampani akumele zibhekane nomonakalo wesijeziso uma umkhiqizo wazo ubuyekezwe yi-ejensi yokulawula efana ne-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) kwatholakala ukuthi ayinabungozi impilo yomuntu.

"Ukuvumela amajaji ukuba anikeze umonakalo wokujeziswa kwemikhiqizo ehlolwe ngokukhethekile futhi yamukelwa yi-ejensi yokulawula idala ingozi enkulu yokudideka ezinkampanini ezisebenza ngesayensi futhi kungavimbela inqubekela phambili yesayensi," kusho uGenentech kafushane. "Uma kuvunyelwe imiklomelo enjalo yokujeziswa, izinkampani zibhekana nengozi yokulimala kakhulu ngaphandle kokuba ziqagele izinqumo zokuphepha zabalawuli."

NgoLwesibili iCalifornia Farm Bureau Federation ifake isicelo ngamafuphi ukusekela iMonsanto. Ihhovisi lepulazi, elithi limele amalungu angama-36,000, lithe leli cala "libakhathaza kakhulu" abalimi nabafuyi bezolimo "abathembele kumathuluzi okuvikela izitshalo ukutshala ukudla nefayibha."

Noma isinqumo sikaJohnson singakuthinti ukulawulwa kwe-glyphosate herbicides, ihhovisi lepulazi liphikisa ngamafuphi ukuthi imboni yesaba imikhawulo kumakhemikhali. Iqembu lasepulazini libuye lathi “isinqumo senkantolo yokuqulwa kwecala asiwunaki umthetho wobumbano, kanye nomthetho wombuso…” ngoba uphikisana nokutholwa yi-EPA kokuthi i-glyphosate ayinakubanga umdlavuza.

Ngokwengeziwe, izinhlangano zaseCalifornia ezimele odokotela, odokotela bamazinyo nezibhedlela singene ngaphakathi egameni likaMonsanto ephikisa ngokuthi isinqumo sejaji ecaleni likaJohnson "sasingaphansi kokukhohliswa ngokomzwelo" futhi sasingasekelwe "ekuvumelaneni kwesayensi."

“Impendulo yombuzo wesayensi oyinkimbinkimbi obekumele ixazululwe yijaji kuleli cala bekufanele isuselwe ebufakazini besayensi obamukelekayo nasekubonisaneni okunesayensi okuqinile, hhayi ukukhetha kwenqubomgomo yejaji. Okubi kakhulu wukuthi kunesizathu sokusola ukuhlaziywa kwejaji kususelwa ekucabangeni nasekuzizweleni, ”kusho ososeshini ngamafuphi.

Ummeli kaJohnson, uMike Miller, uthe uzizwa "emuhle impela" ngamathuba okunqoba enkantolo yokudluliswa kwamacala futhi uchaze isifinyezo esivela eCalifornia Medical Association "njengesifinyezo esifanayo abasifaka ngokumelene nazo zonke izisulu zobudedengu."

Isivivinyo SaseMissouri Singaqhubeka

Ngesenzo esihlukile eMissouri, inkantolo ephakeme yombuso ngoLwesibili ithe Isivivinyo siqala ukuqala ngomhlaka-15 Okthoba edolobheni laseSt. Louis kungaqhubeka njengoba kuhlelwe egameni lommangali uWalter Winston. Abanye abamangali abebejoyine isikhalazo sikaWinston ngeMonsanto kulindeleke ukuthi banqunywe futhi / noma baphuze amacala abo, ngokwesinqumo yiNkantolo Ephakeme YaseMissouri. UMonsanto wayecele inkantolo ephakeme ukuthi ivimbele ukuqulwa kwecala ngenxa yokuthi abamangali abaningana abahlali kule ndawo.

INkantolo Ephakeme iyalele iJaji iSt. Louis City, uMichael Mullen, ukuthi "angabe esazithatha ezinye izinyathelo" ngalesi sikhathi emacaleni abamangali abayi-13.

IMonsanto yatholwa yiBayer AG ngoJuni ka-2018, kanti amanani entengo kaBayer ehla kakhulu kulandela isinqumo sikaJohnson futhi ahlala ecindezelekile. Abatshalizimali bacindezela ukuthi kuxazululwe umhlaba wonke ukuze kuphele icala.

August 23, 2019

Ama-imeyili Adalula Umshicileli Wezesayensi Athole Amaphepha Ngokuphepha Kwe-Herbicide Kufanele Ahoxiswe Ngenxa YeMonsanto Meddling

Ithonya eliyimfihlo likaMonsanto kusethi yamaphepha ashicilelwe kumagazini wesayensi Ukubuyekezwa Okubalulekile ku-Toxicology bekungafanele neze ukuthi uphenyo olwenziwe ngumshicileli luthole ukuthi okungenani amaphepha amathathu kumele ahoxiswe, ngokusho kochungechunge lwezokuxhumana kwangaphakathi. Umhleli wephephabhuku wenqabile ukuhoxisa amaphepha, athi akunankinga yomdlavuza ngemithi yokubulala ukhula yenkampani, ethi ukuhoxiswa kungaba nomthelela esivivinyweni sokuqala seRoundup ehlobo eledlule futhi kulimaze idumela lababhali, ama-imeyili akhombisa.

Iphephabhuku ukuxhumana kwezokuxhumana kwatholakala ngokutholwa ngabameli abamele izinkulungwane ezimbalwa zabantu Umangalela uMonsanto ngaphezulu kwezimangalo zokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula esekwe eglyphosate idala umdlavuza nokuthi iMonsanto ifihle ubufakazi bezingozi.

Ngokungafani nalokho ama-imeyili angaphakathi eMonsanto okuze kwavela manje kwembula ukusetshenziswa kwenkampani yezolimo ngemibhalo yesayensi mayelana nokubulala ukhula kwayo, lawa ma-imeyili abonisa impi yangaphakathi endlini enkulu yokushicilela ngokwesayensi yokuthi kufanele ibhekane kanjani nokugxambukela kukaMonsanto. Batholakala njengengxenye yokufakwa kukaRoger McClellan, umhleli wesikhathi eside oyinhloko yephephabhuku elibukezwe ngontanga iCritical Reviews in Toxicology (CRT.)

Amaphepha okukhulunywa ngawo ashicilelwa yiCRT ngoSepthemba 2016 njengo “Ukubuyekeza Okuzimele ” amandla we-carcinogenic we-ejenti yokubulala ukhula i-glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko ku-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto neminye imikhiqizo. Amaphepha amahlanu ashicilelwe njengengxenye yokubuyekezwa aphikisana ngqo nokutholwe yi-World Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), okuthe ngonyaka ka-2015 kwatholakala ukuthi i-glyphosate ingase ibe yisifo somdlavuza womuntu. Ababhali abali-16 bamaphepha baphethe ngokuthi isisindo sobufakazi sikhombise ukuthi umbulali wokhula wayengabeki ubungozi emzimbeni womuntu.

Ekupheleni kwamaphepha abalobi bathi iziphetho zabo zazingenelele ukungenelela kukaMonsanto. Kugcizelelwa ukuzimela komsebenzi, isimemezelo senzalo sathi: “Abekho abasebenzi benkampani yaseMonsanto noma abameli ababuyekeze noma imiphi imibhalo yesandla ye-Expert Panel ngaphambi kokulethwa kulo magazini.”

Leyo nkulumo iboniswe ingamanga ekwindla ka-2017 ngemuva kokuvela kwamarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto kukhombisa ukuzibandakanya okukhulu ngososayensi baseMonsanto ekubhalweni nasekuhlelweni kwamaphepha kanjalo nokubandakanyeka kwenkampani ekukhetheni ababhali. Ngokwengeziwe, amarekhodi angaphakathi akhombisa izinkokhelo eziqondile okungenani kubabili ababizwa ngokuthi ababhali abazimele. UMonsanto wayenenkontileka nombhali uLarry Kier, ngokwesibonelo, ukumkhokhela u- $ 27,400 ukusebenza emaphepheni.

Ukuphendula lezo zambulo nemibuzo evela ezitolo zabezindaba, umshicileli weCRT  UTaylor noFrancis Group  yethule uphenyo ekwindla ka-2017. Ezokuxhumana ezisanda kukhishwa ziveza ukuthi ngemuva kokuchitha izinyanga bebuza ababhali ukuthi amaphepha ahlangana kanjani, iqembu labachwepheshe bezomthetho nokuziphatha elihlanganiswe nguTaylor & Francis baphetha ngokuthi ababhali bakufihlile ukubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto ngqo emaphepheni, futhi ukwenze lokho azi. Ngempela, abanye ababhali abadalulanga ngisho ngokuphelele ukubandakanyeka kweMonsanto ekubuzweni kokuqala nguTaylor noFrancis ngesikhathi sophenyo, ama-imeyili akhombisa.

Umphumela “wokusebenziseka kuphela ukuhoxisa ama-athikili ama-3; ikakhulukazi amaphepha afingqiwe, obhubhane nezifo ze-genotoxicity, ”uCharles Whalley kaTaylor noFrancis ubhalele uMcClellan ngoMeyi 18, 2018. UWhalley wayephethe umhleli wephephabhuku lezokwelapha nezempilo leqembu ngaleso sikhathi.

Ama-imeyili angaphakathi akhombisa ukuthi uMcClellan wenqabile ukwamukela umqondo wokuhoxa, ethi ukholelwa ukuthi amaphepha "ayezwakala ngokwesayensi" futhi akhiqizwa "ngaphandle kwethonya langaphandle" elivela eMonsanto. Uthe ukuhoxa kuzodicilela phansi isithunzi sababhali, iphephabhuku nesithunzi sakhe.

"Angikwazi ukuvumelana nesiphakamiso sokuhoxa osinikeze kumemo yakho kaMeyi 18, UMcClellan wabhala ephendula.  Ochungechungeni lwama-imeyili uMcClellan wabeka izizathu zakhe zokuphinda ahoxiswe, ethi "Ukuhoxiswa kwamaphepha kuzokwenza ukulimala okungenakulungiseka emaqenjini amaningi kubandakanya, ngaphezu kwakho konke, ababhali, iJenali, umshicileli kanye nabasebenzi abaphambili abanjengawe futhi, ngaphezu kwalokho , nami endimeni yami njengoMhleli Wezesayensi we-CRT. ”

Ku-an imeyili yangoJuni 5, 2018, UMcClellan umemezele ukuthi wayazi ukuthi uMonsanto "unentshisekelo yakhe" ekushicilelweni kwamaphepha futhi wayebazi mathupha ubudlelwano bukaMonsanto, kubandakanya nezivumelwano zokunxeshezelwa, nababhali, futhi wayesenelisekile ukuthi amaphepha "ayezwakala ngokwesayensi."

"Ngokombono wami wobungcweti, amaphepha amahlanu eGlyphosate ayizicucu zemisebenzi ebhala ngokusobala inqubo esetshenzisiwe ukugxeka umbiko we-IARC nokuhlinzeka ngenye indlela yokubeka ingozi," kubhala uMcClellan. “Amaphepha amahlanu anengqondo ngokwesayensi. Kungaba ukwephula izimiso zokuziphatha zesayensi kanye nezindinganiso zami zobuqotho besayensi ukuvuma ukuhoxiswa kwanoma imaphi amaphepha eGlyphosate… ”

UWhalley wahlehla, ethi ababhali bamaphepha babenecala "lokungaziphathi kahle nokwephula izimiso zokuziphatha zokushicilela," okunzima kangangoba kufanele kuhoxiswe. “Ukwephulwa kwezimiso zokushicilela esizitholile kuleli cala kungukwephula okusobala kwamazinga ayisisekelo futhi achazwe ngokusobala, futhi akubangelwa ukungaqondi kwemininingwane noma i-nuance,” uWhalley ubhalele uMcClellan. Uthe umshicileli ubuyekeze izinkombandlela ezivela kwiKomidi Lezokuziphatha Komphakathi (COPE) ngaphambi kokuthatha lesi sinqumo. "Ukuhlehlisa kungubufakazi bokuthi izinqubomgomo zokuhlela ziyasebenza, hhayi ukuthi zehlulekile," wabhala.

UWhalley noMcClellan baphikisana ngokuhoxiswa izinyanga, amarekhodi akhombisa. Kokukodwa Julayi 22, 2018 i-imeyili UMcClellan uveze ukuthi Icala lokuqala elibhekene neMonsanto ngenxa yezimangalo zomdlavuza weRoundup zazenzeka ngaleso sikhathi ngakho izingxoxo zephephabhuku zokuhoxiswa "zazizwela impela njengoba icala likaJohnson noMonsanto liqhubeka eSan Francisco." Uphakamise ukuthi esikhundleni sokuhoxisa amaphepha, bavele balungise isigaba esisekugcineni kwamaphepha lapho ababhali beveza khona ukungqubuzana okungaba khona.

"Ngiyaninxusa ukuba nivumelane nesincomo sami sokushicilela izitatimende eziqondisiwe nezandisiwe zeSimemezelo Sentshisekelo futhi niyeke indlela" we gotcha "neRetraction yamaphepha," uMcClellan ubhalele uWhalley nge-imeyili kaJulayi 2018. "Ngeke ngivume ukuthi isithunzi sami engisizuze kahle singcoliswe yizenzo zokucindezela nokwenza izinto ezingenamqondo."

“Kulokhu, sidinga ukuthi sonke ngokuhlanganyela sizame ukufinyelela esivumelwaneni ngomphumela wokulingana okuyi-FAIR kubabhali, umshicileli, abafundi be-CRT, umphakathi kanye nami njengoMhleli Oyinhloko kanye nebhodi labahleli be-CRT. Akumele sithathe indlela enquma abawinile nabangahlulwa emacaleni asemthethweni ngokuya ngokuthi yini evunyelwe ukuvela ezincwadini ezibukeziwe zontanga, ”kubhala uMcClellan.

Akekho uMcClellan noWhalley abaphendulile esicelweni sokuphawula maqondana nale ndatshana.

Uchungechunge lweCRT glyphosate lwaluthathwa njengolubaluleke kakhulu kangangokuba okutholakele kwalo kwabikwa kabanzi ngabezindaba emhlabeni jikelele futhi kwafaka ukungabaza ngobuqiniso bokuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC. Amaphepha ashicilelwe ngesikhathi esibucayi njengoba uMonsanto wayebhekene nokungabaza ngabalawuli baseYurophu ngokuvumela i-glyphosate ukuthi ihlale emakethe futhi ikhule ngokungazinzile ezimakethe zase-US. Uchungechunge lwe-2016 "lufinyeleleke kabanzi," kanti elinye lamaphepha kulolu chungechunge lifinyelele "ngaphezu kwesikhathi esingu-13,000," ngokusho kwephephandaba langaphakathi.

Ukubaluleka kwamaphepha eMonsanto kwachazwa embhalweni oyimfihlo wangomhlaka-11 Meyi 2015, lapho ososayensi baseMonsanto bekhuluma ngamasu "okubhala izipoki" azoboleka ukwethembeka emaphepheni "azimele" inkampani efuna ukuwakha bese ukuthi ishicilelwe yiCRT. IMonsanto umemezele ngo-2015 ukuthi kwakuqasha i-Intertek Scientific & Regulatory Consultancy ukuhlanganisa iphaneli lososayensi abazimele abazobuyekeza ukuhlukaniswa kwe-glyphosate kwe-IARC njenge-carcinogen engaba khona. Kepha inkampani ibithembise ukuthi ngeke ibambe iqhaza ekubuyekezweni.

Yize ukubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto kwembulwa ku-2017 Taylor & Francis bengathathanga zinyathelo zomphakathi kwaze kwaba nguSepthemba 2018 njengoba umshicileli nomhleli babambana ngodaba lokuhoxa. UMcClellan wagcina eyinqobile impikiswano futhi akukho ukubuyiselwa emuva okwenziwe. Ama-imeyili angaphakathi akhombisa ukuthi uWhalley wazise abalobi abangu-16 bamaphepha e-glyphosate ngesinqumo sokumane bashicilele ukulungiswa kwezihloko futhi bavuselele izimemezelo zentshisekelo ekugcineni kwamaphepha. Lowo Agasti 31, 2018 i-imeyili ithi:

            “Siyabona ukuthi, ngaphandle kwezicelo zokudalulwa ngokugcwele, izitatimende zokuqala zokuBonga kanye neSimemezelo Sezintshisekelo azimelanga ngokugcwele ukubandakanyeka kweMonsanto noma abasebenzi bayo noma osonkontileka ekubhalweni kwalezi zihloko. Njengoba kushiwo kumamemos wethu wangaphambilini kuwe, lokhu kuqondene ngqo nezitatimende ezithi:

           'Abekho abasebenzi benkampani iMonsanto noma abameli ababuyekeze noma yiliphi i-Expert Panel's imibhalo yesandla ngaphambi kokulethwa kulo magazini. ' nokuthi 'Abachwepheshe bamaPhaneli babebandakanyeka, futhi basebenza njengabaluleki ku, lntertek, futhi abathintwanga ngqo yiNkampani yeMonsanto. ' 

          “Ngokolwazi osinikeze lona, ​​manje sesiyakholelwa ukuthi kulezi zitatimende bekungekho iqiniso ngesikhathi sokulethwa. Lokhu kungqubuzana nezimemezelo ozenzile ekuthumeleni kanye nakwiziqinisekiso ozenze kuzivumelwano ze-Author Publishing Agreements mayelana nokuhambisana kwakho nezinqubomgomo zikaTaylor & Francis. Ukuhlinzeka ngokusobala okudingekayo kubafundi bethu, sizoshicilela ukulungiswa kuma-athikili akho ukuvuselela izitatimende zabo zokubonga kanye nesimemezelo sezintshisekelo njengokuqukethwe okunikezile. ”

NgoSepthemba ka-2018 amaphepha abuyekezwa ukuze aphathe i- “Expression of Concern” kanye nokuvuselelwa kokwamukelwa nokumenyezelwa kwezintshisekelo. Kepha ngaphandle kokutholakala kokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto, amaphepha asabizwa ngegama elithi "ukuzimela."

UWhalley ushiye uTaylor noFrancis ngo-Okthoba ka-2018.

Indlela iphephabhuku elisingatha ngayo lolu daba ibakhathaze abanye ososayensi.

"Ukuphawula kukaMcClellan ngokuthi kungani engazange ahoxise leli phepha bekungamukeleki, kuzenzela yena uqobo, futhi kwephula inqubo yokuhlelwa komsindo," kusho uSheldon Krimsky, onguprofesa waseTufts University futhi osebenza eHastings Centre, okuyisikhungo esizimele sokucwaninga nge-bioethics. UKrimsky ubuye abe ngumhleli wephephabhuku likaTaylor noFrancis elibizwa nge- "Accountability in Research."

UNathan Donley, usosayensi omkhulu oqashwe yi-nonprofit Centre for Biological Diversity uthe ukwehluleka kwephephabhuku ukuhoxisa kwaba wukwehluleka ukwenza izinto obala. "Lesi ngesinye sezigameko eziyihlazo kakhulu ekushicilelweni kwesayensi engake ngazibona," kusho uDonley. “Esisele nakho ukukhombisa ukukhathazeka ukuthi akekho umuntu ozofunda kanye nomqondo omubi ocacile wokuthi lokhu ngandlela thile bekuyindlela 'ezimele'. Lokhu kube yimpumelelo kumdlali onamandla kunabo bonke embonini yezibulala-zinambuzane, kodwa kwaba umphumela wokuziphatha kwesayensi. ”

Chofoza lapha ukuze ufunde amakhasi angama-400 wokuhlanganisa ama-imeyili.  

August 19, 2019

"Kulimale Okubi, Kuyabulala" Kucashunwe eNkantolo Yokudluliswa Kwamacala Entsha Efaka Izicelo Zomdlavuza we-Roundup

 Inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yaseCalifornia kufanele inqabe imizamo kaMonsanto yokuguqula isinqumo senkantolo sokunikeza izigidi zamadola kumgcini wendawo yesikole futhi ivume amadola ayizigidi ezingama- $ 250 emalini yokujezisa ijaji elayala ngonyaka owedlule kulelicala lokuqala lomdlavuza weRoundup, ngokusho kafushane icala lifakwe ngoMsombuluko.

Isifinyezo efakwe ngabameli bakaDewayne “Lee” Johnson ephendula izimpikiswano zikaMonsanto elenziwe ekudlulisweni kwesikhalazo kanye nesiphambano esifakwe enkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yombuso. Isikhalazo saqalwa ngonyaka owedlule nguMonsanto kulandela umhlaka-10 Agasti 2018 isinqumo sejaji lokho kumake ukulahlekelwa kwasekuqaleni kwezinkantolo ezintathu ngenxa yomdondoshiya we-agrochemical kanye nomnikazi wawo uBayer AG. Ijaji ecaleni likaJohnson unikezwe izigidi ezingu-$ 289 kumonakalo ophelele, kufaka phakathi u- $ 250 kumonakalo wokujezisa. Ijaji eliqulile icala libe selinciphisa inani lesijeziso laya ezigidini ezingama-39 zamaRandi ngomonakalo ophelele wama- $ 78 million.

Ngenkathi uMonsanto efuna ukuthi sonke isinqumo samajaji siphonswe, abameli bakaJohnson bacela ukuthi kubuyiswe isamba semali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 289 yizinkantolo zokudlulisa amacala.

UJohnson ungomunye wabantu ababalelwa ku-18,400 abamangalela uMonsanto ngezinsolo zokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto efana ne-Roundup ibanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) futhi ithi iMonsanto isichithe amashumi eminyaka ihlanganisa izingozi.

Zombili izinhlangothi ezisesikhalweni sikaJohnson zilinde ukuhlelwa kwezimpikiswano ngomlomo, okulindeleke ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezizayo. Isinqumo senkantolo yokudlulisa amacala singafika ungakapheli unyaka.

Isinqumo sokudluliswa kwamacala singaba semqoka. Amasheya kaBayer ehle ngemuva kwesinqumo sikaJohnson futhi aqhubeke nokusindwa ezinye izinqumo ezimbili zamajaji ezibhekene neMonsanto ezinhlolweni ezimbili ezalandela. UBayer uveze ukuthi ukulungele ukukhuluma ngokuxazululwa komhlaba wonke kwecala lomdlavuza iRoundup, futhi isinqumo senkantolo yokudlulisa amacala singaba nomthelela omkhulu ekuqondeni nasemiphumeleni yezingxoxo zokuhlala.

Esikhalweni esifushane esethulwe ngoMsombuluko, abameli bakaJohnson baphikisa ngokuthi isenzo sikaMonsanto "sasinokuhlanjalazwa" kangangoba sasingagunyaza "ukushaya impama esihlakaleni," futhi bacaphuna izinqumo zenkantolo ezalandela ezithola ukuthi imiklomelo yokujeziswa kwemiklomelo ilingana namaphesenti ayisihlanu enani lommangalelwa ilungele “ukuziphatha okungenacala.”

Ngokuya ngesamba semali esinqunyiwe sikaMonsanto sika- $ 6.8 billion, umklomelo wokujeziswa wokulimala wama- $ 250 million ulingana no-3.8% futhi “kuyisijeziso esincane uma kubhekwa indlela yokuziphatha kweMonsanto enecala kakhulu,” kusho abameli bakaJohnson ngamafuphi. Umklomelo wokujeziswa wokulimala wama- $ 250 wezigidi "awunangqondo futhi ufeza kahle imigomo yaseCalifornia yokuvikela impilo yomphakathi, ukuvimbela ukonakala kwenkampani ngokuzayo nokujezisa iMonsanto," kusho okufishane.

Impikiswano kaJohnson inemininingwane eminingi ngobufakazi obutholakale ngokutholakala, kufaka phakathi ama-imeyili angaphakathi eMonsanto lapho ososayensi benkampani bexoxa ngezincwadi zokubhala eziphefumulayo, iMonsanto ikhathazeka ngokuthi ungaphikisana kanjani nobufakazi bokwakha ubuthi be-genotoxicity nama-herbicides ayo, ukwehluleka kwenkampani ukwenza ukuhlolwa kwe-carcinogenicity of formulations , Ukutshalwa kweMonsanto kwezikhulu ezinobungani ngaphakathi kwe-Environmental Agency (EPA) ukuze zisekelwe, kanye nezinkokhelo eziyimfihlo zenkampani kumaqembu angaphambili njenge-American Council on Science and Health (ACSH) ukukhuthaza ukuphepha kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto.

Abameli bakaJohnson bathi ukukhohlisa kukaMonsanto kufana nokwenziwa yimboni kagwayi.

"Ukulimala Okubi Okubi Okuhlukunyezwe NguJohnson Kusekela Ukuthola Ukuthi Ukuziphatha KukaMonsanto Kwakunokugxeka Kakhulu," kusho umfishane uJohnson. Ukuxilongwa kokugcina kukaJohnson kanye nesimo sakhe somzimba esibuhlungu kudinga umklomelo wamajaji wama- $ 289 million, kubhala abameli bakhe.

"UJohnson uphethwe yizilonda ezibuhlungu kakhulu, nezonakalisa wonke umzimba wakhe, okuwumphumela weNHL ebulalayo eyenziwe yiRoundup," kusho lo mfushane. "Ngenxa yokugxeka okukhulu kokuziphatha kukaMonsanto, ukulimala okubulalayo kuJohnson, kanye nenani eliphakeme lemali yeMonsanto, umklomelo wokujeziswa komvuzo wamadola ayizigidi ezingama-250 zamaRandi anikezwe ngabasizi bejaji ngokulandela inqubo efanele futhi kufanele kugcinwe."

Umfushane kaMonsanto uphikisana nesimo sikaJohnson kuwo wonke amaphuzu futhi uthi asikho isizathu esisemthethweni sokubuyisela umklomelo wokulimala wokujeziswa okungama- $ 250 million. Le nkampani iqinisekisa ukuthi ngenxa yokuthi i-EPA kanye nezinye izilawuli zomhlaba wonke zibuyisela ukuphepha kwemithi yokubulala ukhula, izinkantolo kufanele zenze okufanayo.

"IMonsanto yayingenaso isibopho sokuxwayisa ngengozi yokuthi, kunokuba ibe ngumbono wesayensi owandile, abalawuli bomhlaba wonke bayavuma ukuthi abukho," kusho uMonsanto. "Ukubuyiselwa kwesigwebo sokulimala esingu- $ 250 million sokuhlawuliswa kungaholela ekuklonyelisweni okukhulu kunakho konke okugunyazwe ngumthetho ngamacala okujeziswa emlandweni waseCalifornia, ecaleni elinobufakazi obucishe bube" nobuncane "bobubi noma bokucindezelwa. Akunasisekelo somklomelo wokulimala kwesijeziso kuleli cala, ingasaphathwa eyamadola ayizigidi ezingama-250 anikezwe yijaji. ”

UJohnson uphinde wehluleka ukuthola ukuthi iRoundup "empeleni yimbangela yomdlavuza wakhe," ngokusho kweMonsanto. "Noma ngabe uMmangali wethule ubufakazi obuthile bokuxhasa isimangalo sokuhluleka ukuxwayisa, ukuvumelana emhlabeni jikelele komthetho wokuthi i-glyphosate akuyona i-carcinogenic kusungula ukungabi bikho kobufakazi obucacile nobukholisayo bokuthi iMonsanto yenza ngobubi," kusho le nkampani ngamafuphi.

“Umklomelo wokukhokhiswa wejaji omkhulu ngokungajwayelekile unamaphutha. Kususelwa ephutheni eliqondile lezomthetho — lokuthi ummangali angathola umonakalo wokuzwa ubuhlungu nokuhlupheka amashumi eminyaka ngaphambi kwesikhathi sokuphila kwakhe — okwabangelwa yimizamo ebucayi yeseluleko sokushisa ijaji.

"Ngamafuphi, cishe yonke into kuleli cala ihambe kabi," kusho uMonsanto. "Ummangali unelungelo lokuzwelana, kepha hhayi isinqumo esikhipha indiva isayensi ezwakalayo, ehlanekezela amaqiniso, futhi echitha nomthetho olawulayo."

August 13, 2019

Ijaji laseSt. Louis Liphika Isicelo SikaMonsanto Sokubambezela Olunye Uvivinyo Lomdlavuza Olwahlanganayo

Isifiso sikaMonsanto sokuhlehlisa olunye uvivinyo oluzayo lomdlavuza weRoundup eSt. Louis sehlulekile - okungenani okwamanje - njengejaji uyalile ukuthi ukuqulwa kwecala elibekelwe u-Okthoba kuzoqhubeka.

Ngemuva kokuzwa impikiswano kaMonsanto ngesonto eledlule efuna ukuqhubeka ecaleni likaWalter Winston v. Monsanto, iJaji leNkantolo Yesifunda saseSt. Louis uMichael Mullen wasiphika isicelo sikaMonsanto wathi icala lizoqala ngo-Okthoba 15. IJaji uMullen lathi ukufakwa nokutholwa kuleli cala kufanele iqhubeke kuze kube nguSepthemba 16 ngenqubo yokukhetha amajaji ezoqala ngo-Okthoba 10.

Ukuqulwa kwecala, uma kwenzeka, kuzobe kungokwesine uMonsanto kufanele abhekane neziguli ezinomdlavuza enkantolo ukuphendula izinsolo zokuthi imikhiqizo yayo yokubulala ukhula iRoundup ibanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi inkampani ifune ukufihla imininingwane ngobungozi. IMonsanto ilahlekelwe yizilingo ezintathu zokuqala namajaji anikeze ngaphezu kuka- $ 2 billion kumonakalo, yize umklomelo ngamunye wamajaji amathathu wehlisiwe ngamajaji okuqulwa kwamacala.

Icala likaWinston lizoba futhi icala lokuqala ukwenzeka edolobheni lakudala laseMonsanto eSt. Ngaphambi kokuthengisa enkampanini yaseJalimane iBayer AG ngonyaka odlule, uMonsanto wayengomunye wabaqashi abakhulu baseSt.

Icala ebelilindeleke ukuba liqale eSt. Louis ngo-Agasti 19 labanjezelwa ngumyalelo wenkantolo ngesonto eledlule, kanti necala ebelizoqala ukuqulwa ngoSepthemba nalo liyaqhubeka.

Ngemuva kokumenyezelwa kokuqhubeka kwecala ngesonto eledlule, imithombo ithe inkampani nabameli babamangali babengena ezingxoxweni ezibucayi mayelana ukukhokhelwa komhlaba wonke okungahle kwenzeke. Njengamanje, abantu abangaphezu kwe-18,000 bamangalela iMonsanto, bonke bethi bakhulisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuchayeka kweRoundup kanti iMonsanto ifihle ubufakazi bengozi. Othile entanta ngamanga umnikelo wokukhokhelwa ongaba ngu- $ 8 billion, okwenza amasheya eBayer akhule kakhulu.

UBayer ubelokhu ebhekene nentengo yamasheya ecindezelekile nabatshalizimali abanganelisekanga selokhu kwathathwa isinqumo se-Aug. 10, 2018 ecaleni lokuqala lomdlavuza weRoundup. Ijaji linikeze umgcini wezinkundla zaseCalifornia UDewayne “Lee” Johnson $ 289 million futhi bathola ukuthi iMonsanto yenze ngobubi ekucindezeleni ulwazi mayelana nezingozi zemithi yokubulala ukhula.

Monsanto wadlulisa isinqumo Ezinkantolo Zokudlulisa Amacala eCalifornia, kanti uJohnson udlulise isicelo wafuna ukubuyisa umklomelo wakhe oyizigidi ezingama- $ 289 kusuka kumklomelo owehlisiwe ka- $ 78 million owabekwa yijaji lecala. Leso sikhalo kuyaqhubeka nezimpikiswano zomlomo kulindeleke ngoSepthemba noma ngo-Okthoba.

Ngokuqondene nesimo saseSt. Louis, icala likaWinston lalisengaphanjukiswa. Leli cala linabamangali abaningi, kufaka phakathi abanye abavela ngaphandle kwendawo, futhi lelo qiniso lingabeka leli cala ezinhlokweni zombono okhishwe ekuqaleni konyaka yiNkantolo Ephakeme yaseMissouri, okungenzeka ukuthi ibophele leli cala likaWinston unomphela, ngokusho kwezingqapheli zomthetho .

I-EPA kaTrump "Inemuva leMonsanto"

Ezindabeni ezihlukile, i-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ngesonto eledlule yakhipha isitatimende sephephandaba ukumemezela ukuthi ngeke kuvume amalebula okuxwayisa ngomdlavuza adingwa izwe laseCalifornia ngemikhiqizo ethile ye-herbicide esekwe ku-glyphosate. I-EPA ithe ilebula ethi i-glyphosate "yaziwa ngokubanga umdlavuza," ingamanga futhi ayikho emthethweni, futhi ngeke ivunyelwe yize isenzo somthetho saseCalifornia siyala ilebuli enjalo.

“Kuwukungakhathali ukufuna amalebuli emikhiqizweni engelona iqiniso uma i-EPA yazi ukuthi umkhiqizo awubeki ingozi yomdlavuza. Ngeke sivumele uhlelo olunamaphutha lwaseCalifornia ukuthi lucindezele inqubomgomo yenhlangano, ”kusho uMphathi we-EPA u-Andrew Wheeler.

Uhlu lwaseCalifornia lwe-glyphosate njengento eyaziwa ngokudala umdlavuza lwenzeka ngemuva kokuthi i-World Health Organisation's International Agency on the Research for Cancer (IARC) ihlukanise i-glyphosate ngonyaka ka-2015 ngokuthi “mhlawumbe ibanga umdlavuza kubantu.”

Iqiniso lokuthi i-EPA ithatha lesi simo, futhi yabona kunesidingo sokuthi ikhiphe abezindaba, kubonakala kuqinisekisa imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto etholwe ngokutholakala kwamacala abonisa ukuthi i-EPA kukholakala ukuthi "Unomhlane kaMonsanto”Uma kukhulunywa nge-glyphosate.

Phakathi ku umbiko inamathiselwe ku-imeyili kaJulayi 2018 kumphathi wamasu omhlaba wonke weMonsanto uTodd Rands, inkampani yezobunhloli nezeluleko I-Hakluyt  ibike kuMonsanto okulandelayo:

"Umeluleki wezinqubomgomo zasekhaya e-White House uthe, ngokwesibonelo: 'Sinomlando kaMonsanto emthethweni wokulawulwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane. Sikulungele ukuhamba ngezwane kunoma yiziphi izingxabano abangaba nazo, isibonelo, i-EU. IMonsanto akudingeki yesabe noma imuphi umthethonqubo owengeziwe ovela kulo mbuso. ”

August 7, 2019

Ukuqagela Ngokuhlaliswa Njengokulingwa Kwe-Roundup Cancer Kuhlehlisiwe

Ukubambezeleka okungaqondakali kwalokho obekufanele kube ukubukelwa phansi okubhekwe ngabomvu eSt. .

Ukuqulwa kwecala eSt. Louis, okuyidolobha lakudala laseMonsanto, bekumele liqale ngomhlaka-19 Agasti futhi kuzobekwa ubufakazi obuphilayo obuvela kubaphathi beMonsanto ababebekwe yithimba lezomthetho elalimele ummangali uSharlean Gordon. UGordon ungomunye wabamangali ababalelwa ku-18,000 abamangalela uMonsanto bethi hhayi kuphela ukuthi ama-herbicides asuselwa enkampanini abangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi inkampani ibazi ngezingozi kepha kunokuba ixwayise abasebenzisi esikhundleni salokho yenze ukucindezela nokusebenzisa ucwaningo lwesayensi.

The izivivinyo ezintathu ezedlule, iMonsanto elahlekile, zonke zazibanjelwe ezinkantolo zaseCalifornia lapho abaphathi beMonsanto babengenakuphoqwa khona ukuthi bafakaze bukhoma phambi kwejaji. Kepha eSt. Louis cishe bazophoqeleka ukuthi bavele. Ummeli woMmangali ube nezinhlelo zokubiza owayenguSihlalo weMonsanto uHugh Grant, kanye nososayensi bezinkampani uWilliam Heydens, uDonna Farmer noWilliam Reeves. ULarry Kier, umxhumanisi weMonsanto owabanjwa yi ihlazo lokubhala isipoki, ubekhona futhi ohlwini lommangali ozobizwa njengofakazi.

IBayer yayinezicishamlilo zayo ibheke eSt. Louis ngommeli odumile UPhil Beck. Le nkampani isizame amaqembu amathathu ahlukene amacala kulezi zilingo ezintathu kuze kube manje, engeza u-Beck ecaleni kuleli hlobo. U-Beck, wenkampani yezomthetho i-Barlit Beck ezinze eChicago, wahola ithimba elalizozama ukuqulwa kwecala likaGeorge W. Bush eFlorida lilandisa ngecala elanquma ukhetho luka-2000. U-Beck wathephelwa ukumela i-United States e-United States v. Microsoft, esigabeni esisodwa se-Microsoft antitrust action.

KwakungoMsombuluko ntambama lapho iJaji leNkantolo yaseSt. Louis County, uBrian May, lazisa abasebenzi benkantolo ukuthi icala likaGordon v. Monsanto lizohlehliselwa uJanuwari. UMay uthe uzokhipha umyalelo ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, ngokusho kokhulumela inkantolo uChristine Bertelson.

Ijaji uMay liseholidini kuleli sonto kodwa belifuna ukucacisa manje izinhloso zalo ngoba inqubo yokuqoqa iqula labasizi becala lizoqala. Ubefuna ukuthi kumiswe leyo nqubo ukugwema ukuchitha isikhathi nezinsizakusebenza zenkantolo kanti nesikhathi sabazobhekana necala uma kubhekwa ukuqulwa kwecala besibambezeleka, kusho uBertelson.

Ababhekele ezomthetho bathe ijaji ngeke lizephuze ukuqulwa kwecala lokhu ngasekuvulweni ngaphandle uma zombili izinhlangothi zivumile ukuqhubeka kwalokhu. Akekho futhi obengeke aphawule esidlangalaleni ngokuthi ngabe izingxoxo zokuxazululwa ziyaqhubeka noma cha ziyaqhubeka ngecala likaGordon.

Womabili la maqembu akwazisile ukuthi afisa ukuxoxisana ngokuxazululwa komhlaba wonke enkantolo yaseRoundup, yize imithombo ehambisana nobabili nommeli wabamangali ithe izingxoxo zokuxazulula izinkinga zingagxila ekuqaleni ecaleni likaGordon lodwa, noma izimangalo zikaGordon kanye neSt. Abamangali bakaLouis.

Ocingweni nabatshalizimali ngoJulayi 30, isikhulu esiphezulu seBayer uWerner Baumann uthe le nkampani "ibamba iqhaza ngokwanele ohlelweni lokulamula" futhi "izobheka ukukhokhelwa kuphela uma kufanelekile ngokwezezimali futhi uma singakwazi ukufeza amacala aphelele."

UBaumann ungene ngaphansi kokugxekwa okubunayo ngokuncoma kwakhe ukutholwa kweMonsanto okungama- $ 63 billion. Ezinyangeni ezimbili kuphela ngemuva kokuvala lesi sivumelwano, amanani entengo eBayer ehla lapho ukuhlolwa kokuqala komdlavuza we-Roundup kwaholela ngazwi linye isinqumo sejaji lama- $ 289 wezigidi ngokumelene nenkampani. Imiklomelo ephelele yamajaji kulezi zivivinyo ezintathu kuze kube manje idlule ama- $ 2 billion emonakalweni wokujeziswa kuphela, yize amajaji kulawa macala amathathu eyehlisile imiklomelo yokujeziswa.

Abatshalizimali bafaka ivoti lokungazethembi kuBaumann ngasekuqaleni konyaka ngenxa yokwehla cishe kwamaphesenti angama-40 kwenani lesabelo elibangelwe ukumangalelwa kweMonsanto.

Abatshalizimali ngokujwayelekile bangakuthokozela ukukhokhelwa komhlaba wonke ngamacala, ngokusho kwabahlaziyi bezotshalomali abalandela iBayer. Kube nokuqagela emphakathini wokuhlaziya ukuthi ukukhokhelwa kungadlula u- $ 10 billion.

UGordon, 52, bekulindeleke ukuthi abe ngummangali ogculisayo, ngokusho kommeli wakhe u-Aimee Wagstaff. UGordon, ongumama wezingane ezimbili, usehlushwe imijikelezo eminingi yokwelashwa komdlavuza ongaphumelelanga wokusabalalisa i-B-cell lymphoma enkulu kanye ne-follicular lymphoma, njengoba umdlavuza ususabalele emzimbeni wakhe eminyakeni eminingi. Muva nje ubhekane nobunzima emuva kokuxilongwa kwe-myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).

UGordon wakha i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup herbicides iminyaka engama-25 lapho ehlala khona eSouth Pekin, e-Illinois. Ubaba omncane kaGordon, naye obesebenzisa uRoundup ekhaya lomndeni, ubulawe ngumdlavuza.  Icala  empeleni lisuselwe ecaleni elikhulu elifakwe ngoJulayi 2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezu kwama-75. UGordon ungowokuqala walelo qembu ukuya ecaleni.

I-St. Louis Roundup Isilingo Somdlavuza Setha kabusha ngoJanuwari, i-Talk of Bayer Settlement

Icala lomdlavuza we-Roundup obekulindelwe ukuthi liqale ukusebenza emasontweni amabili edolobheni lakudala laseMonsanto eSt. Louis liyahlehliswa, ngokusho kokhulumela iNkantolo yaseSt. Louis County lapho bekuzoqulwa khona ukuqulwa kwecala ngo-Aug 19.

Okhulumela iNkantolo uChristine Bertelson uthe iJaji uBrian May, owengamele icala likaGordon v. Monsanto, wazise uMsombuluko ngasekupheleni kwesikhathi ukuthi leli cala liyaqhubeka, kodwa akukaze kufakwe myalelo osemthethweni kuleli fayela lenkantolo. Amaphepha emibuzo amajaji kwakufanele abe khona ngesonto elizayo kanti ukhetho olushaqisayo lwamajaji lwaluhlelelwe u-Agasti 18 ngezitatimende zokuqala u-Agasti 19.

UJaji May uhlelela kabusha ukuqulwa kwecala ngoJanuwari kanti uzokhipha umyalelo ezinsukwini ezimbalwa ezizayo, ngokusho kukaBertelson.

U-Aimee Wagstaff, ongummeli oholayo kommangali uSharlean Gordon, uthe lokhu kungenzeka kodwa kungenzeka akukho lutho olusemthethweni olunqunyiwe okwamanje.

"Ijaji alizange lifake umyalelo wokuqhubeka nokuqulwa kwecala," kusho uWagstaff. “Impela, njengakuzo zonke izilingo, ukuqhubeka kuhlale kuyizinto ezingenzeka zingalawulwa amaqembu. UNkk Gordon ukulungele ukuqula icala lakhe ngo-Agasti 19 futhi uzophoxeka uma leli cala liqhubeka. Sikulungele nganoma yiluphi usuku okuzoqalwa ngalo ukuqulwa kwecala. ”

UGordon wakha i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup herbicides iminyaka engama-25 lapho ehlala khona eSouth Pekin, e-Illinois. UGordon uhlupheke kakhulu ngenxa yesifo sakhe. Ubaba omncane kaGordon, naye osebenzise uRoundup ekhaya lomndeni lapho uGordon ahlala khona waze waba mdala, wabulawa ngumdlavuza.   Icala  empeleni lisuselwe ecaleni elikhulu elifakwe ngoJulayi 2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezu kwama-75. UGordon ungowokuqala walelo qembu ukuya ecaleni.

Ngaphambi kokuthengisa eBayer AG yaseJalimane ngehlobo eledlule, iMonsanto yayinendlunkulu eSt. Louis, eMissouri amashumi eminyaka, futhi isabambe iqhaza elikhulu lapho. IBayer isanda kumemezela ukuthi izokwengeza ama-500 imisebenzi emisha endaweni yaseSt.

Evikini eledlule, Ijaji uMay liphikile Isiphakamiso sikaMonsanto sifuna isinqumo esifingqiwe esivuna iMonsanto, saphika nesicelo senkampani sokukhipha ofakazi bommangali.

IBayer ibikade ingaphansi kwengcindezi enkulu yokuxazulula amacala, noma okungenani igweme ukubonwa kokunye ukulahleka kwasezinkantolo okuphezulu ngemuva kwalokho ukulahlekelwa yibo bobathathu kokuhlolwa kokuqala komdlavuza we-Roundup. Le nkampani okwamanje ibhekene nokungaphezulu kwe- Abamangali abangu-18,000 ukusola ukuthi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto's glyphosate-based, efana ne-Roundup, kubangele ukuthi bakhe i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Amacala athi uMonsanto wayazi ngengozi yomdlavuza kepha wehluleka ukuxwayisa abasebenzisi futhi wasebenza ukucindezela imininingwane yesayensi ngengozi yomdlavuza.

Akuvamile ukuthi amaqembu axoxe ngokuxazululwa okungahle kube khona ngaphambi kokuqulwa kwecala, futhi ngeke kumangaze iBayer ukunikela ngesinqumo secala likaGordon lilodwa kunikezwe ukumenyezelwa okungekuhle okuye kwahlanganiswa nesilingo ngasinye kulezi ezintathu. Ubufakazi obumenyezelwe kulezi zivivinyo buveze iminyaka eyimfihlo yokuziphatha kukaMonsanto ukuthi amajaji athola ukuthi kuvunyelwe ngaphezu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 2 kumonakalo wokujezisa. Amajaji kulawa macala abuye agxeke kakhulu lokho ubufakazi obukhombisile ngokuziphatha kukaMonsanto.

Ijaji leNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US uVince Chhabria kusho lokhu mayelana nale nkampani: “Kunobufakazi obanele bokuthi okuwukuphela kwento uMonsanto ayikhathalelayo kwakuwukucekela phansi abantu ababephakamisa ukukhathazeka ngokuthi ngabe iRoundup iwudale umdlavuza yini. IMonsanto ibibukeka ingakhathazeki nakancane ngokuthola iqiniso lokuthi i-glyphosate iwudale yini umdlavuza. ”

Evikini eledlule, I-Bloomberg ibike ukuthi Bayer AG Isikhulu Esiphezulu u-Werner Baumann uthe uzocubungula isivumelwano "esifanele ngokwezimali". Amasheya enkampani ehle kakhulu selokhu kwehliswe isinqumo sokuqala kwejaji ngo-Agasti 10 ukhipha u- $ 289 million kumgcini wezinkundla zesikole eCalifornia uDewayne “Lee” Johnson. IMonsanto isidlulisile lesi sinqumo.

Abanye ababukeli bezomthetho bathi iBayer kungenzeka ukuthi ibambe ongezansi ukubambezela ukuqulwa kwecala kanye / noma ukumane kuphazamise abameli bommangali ngokucabanga kokuxazulula.

July 29, 2019

IMonsanto yehluleka ukufuna ukuxosha ochwepheshe abavela esivivinyweni somdlavuza waseSt

IMonsanto ayitholi nzuzo yasekhaya lakudala njengoba ilungiselela icala elilandelayo lomdlavuza weRoundup ngemuva kwejaji laseSt. Louis elizobheka ukuqulwa kwecala lisiphikile isicelo sikaMonsanto sokwahlulela okufingqiwe futhi lasiphika isicelo senkampani sokuvimbela ochwepheshe ababehlelelwe ukufakazela ummangali.

Ngaphambi kokuthengisa eBayer AG yaseJalimane ngonyaka owedlule, iMonsanto yayinendlunkulu eSt. Louis, eMissouri amashumi eminyaka, futhi isabambe iqhaza elikhulu lapho. Abanye izingqapheli bacabangele ukuthi ijaji laseSt. Louis linganikeza uMonsanto isibhamu esihle ekuphumeleleni kwakhe kokuqala kwecala enkantolo evulekile. Le nkampani ilahlekelwe izivivinyo ezintathu zokuqala, zonke ezenzeka eCalifornia.

Kepha ijaji laseSt. Louis County uBrian May akenzi Monsanto noma yini. Ngezinqumo ezingamawele, ngoMeyi ukuphikile ukunyakaza kukaMonsanto yesahlulelo esifingqiwe ngaphambi kokuqulwa kwecala futhi wenqaba isicelo senkampani ukukhipha imibono yabachwepheshe abayisikhombisa abangofakazi bommangali abahlela ukuyibiza ukuzofakaza.

IJaji uMay libuye lakhipha isinqumo sokuthi leli cala lingaba khona okuqoshiwe nethelevishini nge-Courtroom View Network kusukela ekuqaleni kwayo ngo-Agasti 19 kuze kube sekupheleni.

Ummangali kuleli cala nguSharlean Gordon, owesifazane ophethwe umdlavuza oseminyakeni yakhe yama-50 osebenzise imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula iRoundup iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-15 lapho ehlala khona eSouth Pekin, e-Illinois.  UGordon v. Monsanto empeleni lisuselwa ecaleni elifakwe ngoJulayi 2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezu kwama-75. UGordon ungowokuqala walelo qembu ukuya ecaleni.

Icala lakhe, njengalezo zezinkulungwane zabanye abafakwe e-United States, lisola ukusetshenziswa kwe-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides kungadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi iMonsanto kudala yazi ngezingozi ezingaba khona kepha esikhundleni sokuxwayisa abasebenzisi basebenze ngenkuthalo ukucindezela imininingwane.

UGordon watholakala enesifo esikhulu se-B-cell lymphoma, okuyisiqeshana se-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, ngo-2006. Watshelwa ukuthi umdlavuza wakhe wawuthethelekile ngo-2007 kodwa wabuya ngo-2008. Kusukela lapho usedlulile ekufakweni kwezitofu ezimbili wasebenzisa isikhathi eside ekhaya labahlengikazi. Uhlala ethambile kakhulu, ngokusho kommeli u-Aimee Wagstaff.

UWagstaff wayengummeli owinile ecaleni lesibili lomdlavuza weRoundup, U-Edwin Hardeman v. Monsanto. Kulelo cala lasenkantolo, ijaji laseSan Francisco labuyisa isinqumo esilinganiselwa ezigidini ezingama-80 zamaRandi kuHardeman, kufaka phakathi nemali yokuhlawuliswa eyizigidi ezingama- $ 75. Isifunda sase-US UJaji Vince Chhabria kuncishisiwe umonakalo wokujeziswa unikeze uHardeman u- $ 20 million kusuka ku- $ 75 million, okubeka umklomelo ophelele ku-  $ 25,313,383.02.

Imiklomelo yamajaji kwezinye izilingo ezimbili zomdlavuza weRoundup nayo incishisiwe ngamajaji wecala. Esivivinyweni sakamuva kakhulu ijaji usike umonakalo unikeze umbhangqwana osukhulile kusuka cishe ku- $ 2 billion kuya ku- $ 86 million. Futhi esivivinyweni sokuqala somdlavuza weRoundup, ijaji lisike isigwebo esiyizigidi ezingama- $ 289 esikhishwe umgcini wezinkundla zesikole eCalifornia kuze kufike ku- $ 78 million.  

July 16, 2019

Izingane Ezigulayo Phakathi Kwezisulu Zomdlavuza Ukuhlasela iMonsanto Ngokujikeleza

Umfana oneminyaka engu-12 ophethwe umdlavuza uphakathi kwabamangali abasha abathatha iMonsanto kanye nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG ekukhuliseni amacala ngokuphepha kwe-Roundup herbicides kanye nokusingathwa kweMonsanto kokukhathazeka kwesayensi ngemikhiqizo.

Abameli bakaJake Bellah bebesenkantolo ngoMsombuluko eNkantolo eNkulu yaseLake County eLakeport, eCalifornia bephikisana nokuthi iminyaka yobudala kaBellah nokuxilongwa kwakhe nge-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) yamenza wakwazi ukuthola “ithuba lokukhetha icala,” noma ukuqulwa kwecala ngokushesha. Ekunyakazeni kwabo, abameli benkampani yabameli iBaum Hedlund eLos Angeles bacele ukuqulwa kwecala elizoqala ungakapheli lo nyaka, zingakapheli izinsuku eziyi-120 ngemuva kwesinqumo sejaji uma isicelo sabo sinikezwe.

Abameli baseMonsanto basiphikisile lesi sicelo, bethi inkampani izodinga isikhathi esithe xaxa sokulungiselela ukuzivikela uma kunikezwa izingqinamba ezingavamile zesayensi zokuthi kunesifo somdlavuza esisenganeni.

Abamangali abane asebeke baba nezilingo ngokumelene neMonsanto bonke babengabantu abadala okutholakala ukuthi bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, futhi bonke banqoba. UBellah kungenzeka abe yisigameko sokuqala sengane enomdlavuza ukuphonsela uMonsanto inselelo ngaphambi kwejaji.

NgoMeyi, ijaji e-Oakland, eCalifornia iyalile iMonsanto ukukhokha ngaphezu kuka- $ 2 billion kumonakalo ku-Alberta no-Alva Pilliod, umbhangqwana oshadile bobabili abahlupheka yi-NHL abasola ngokuvezwa yiRoundup. Lokho kulandele isinqumo ngoMashi lapho ijaji laseSan Francisco layala khona uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhe cishe amadola ayizigidi ezingama- $ 80 ngomonakalo kummangali u-Edwin Hardeman naye ophethwe yi-NHL. NgoJulayi 15, ijaji kulelo cala lanciphisa lo mklomelo waba ngu- $ 25 million. Ngonyaka odlule amajaji enkantolo yombuso eSan Francisco ayalele uMonsanto ukukhokha u- $ 289 million  ekulimaleni komgcini wezinkundla zesikole uDewayne “Lee” Johnson, otholwe enohlobo lokufa lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ijaji kulelo cala lehlise isinqumo esiphelele saba ngama- $ 78 million kanti manje isinqumo sesidlulisiwe.

Abameli abamele uBellah bathi ingane ivezwe kwimikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto esekwe eglyphosate kaningi eminyakeni eminingi njengoba ibidlala egcekeni lomndeni wayo nasezindaweni eziyinsimu lapho ubaba wayo ehlale efafaza khona amakhemikhali.

UBellah wenza i-B-cell lymphoma kanti uye walaliswa esibhedlela welashwa ngamakhemikhali kanti manje usethethelelwe, ngokusho kukaPedram Esfandiary, ongomunye wabameli bomndeni.

Silangazelele ukuba nezilingo eziningi, ”kusho u-Esfandiary. “Kuyadabukisa ukuthi izisulu azibandakanyi nje kuphela abantu abasebenza kanzima njengoLee namaPilliods kodwa nabantu ekuqaleni kwezimpilo zabo. Unelungelo lokuthola usuku lwakhe enkantolo. ”

Isinqumo ngesicelo sikaBellah sokuqulwa kwecala ngokushesha kulindeleke ukuthi kuphele uJulayi.

Elinye icala elethwe egameni lengane egulayo lafakwa ngoJulayi 12 e-Alameda County Superior Court eCalifornia, nayo yinkampani yaseBaum Hedlund.

Uma kunjalo, ummangali ukhonjwa kuphela njengo-GB Bargas. Ubaba wakhe uRichard Bargas ubhalwe njengommangali ngamunye nangenxa yendodakazi yakhe. Unina wengane uRonza Bargas naye ungummangali. Isikhalazo isola ukuthi ingane yatholakala ukuthi ine-NHL ngenxa yokuchayeka ku-Roundup.

Ukwengezwa kwezingane enkantolo enkulu kuza ngesikhathi iBayer ibheka ukuthi izama yini ukuxazulula amacala noma cha. Amasheya enkampani ahlaselwe ukulahlekelwa okuphindaphindiwe enkantolo, kanye nokudalulwa kokuziphatha okungabazekayo kweMonsanto maqondana nokuhlolwa kwesayensi nomphakathi kwemikhiqizo yayo.

Esinqumweni sakhe senkantolo sokunciphisa umonakalo okhishwe ecaleni likaHardeman, iJaji lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria wathi ukuthi izenzo zikaMonsanto "zazisolwa". Uthe ubufakazi bukhombisa ukuthi "abasebenzi baseMonsanto bazama kanzima ukulwa, ukubukela phansi noma ukuchaza izinselelo zokuphepha kukaRoundup."

Uthe inkampani ikhombise "ukungakhathazeki ngengozi yokuthi umkhiqizo wayo ungaba yi-carcinogenic."

July 15, 2019

Ijaji Linquma Inani Umnikazi WaseMonsanto Bayer Owes Cancer Victim

Ijaji lombuso liwunqamule amacala esijeziso ijaji elayalela uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhele isisulu somdlavuza u-Edwin Hardeman sisuka ku- $ 75 million liya ku- $ 20 million, yize ijaji lalichaza indlela uMonsanto aziphatha ngayo mayelana nemibuzo ephathelene nokuphepha komuthi wakhe obizwa ngokuthi yiRoundup herbicide "njengongenacala".

Ijaji lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria kukhishwe uMsombuluko ukuthi isinqumo sejaji ku- Icala likaHardeman ukukhipha isijeziso ngamadola ayizigidi ezingama- $ 75 kwakungavumelekile ngokomthethosisekelo. Ngokuyihlisela ku- $ 20 million, kuhlangene nemali ekhokhwayo ekhishwe yijaji, ingqikithi yenkampani yezolimo ekweleta uHardeman ingama- $ 25,267,634.10, kusho ijaji. Isinqumo sokuqala esikhishwe yijaji elinamalungu ayisithupha kwakungu- $ 80 million.

IJaji uChhabria linamagama amaningi ahlabayo ngeMonsanto, eyathengwa ngonyaka odlule nguBayer AG. Wabhala esinqumweni sakhe ukuthi "ubufakazi obethulwe ecaleni ecaleni lokuziphatha kukaMonsanto bukhombisa ukungakhathazeki ngengozi yokuthi umkhiqizo wayo ungaba yi-carcinogenic."

"Phezu kweminyaka eminingi yezimangalo ezinemibala emphakathini wesayensi yokuthi i-Roundup idala i-NHL, iMonsanto yethule ubufakazi obuncane obukhombisa ukuthi inentshisekelo yokufinyelela ekugcineni kwalezo zimangalo… Ngenkathi iMonsanto iphindaphinda ibika ukuthi imele ukuphepha komkhiqizo wayo, ubufakazi ukuqulwa kwecala kudwebe isithombe senkampani egxile ekuhlaseleni noma ekubekeleni phansi abantu abaphakamise ukukhathazeka, ngaphandle kokuthi babe ngumxazululi wezokuphepha kaRoundup, ”kusho iJaji uChhabria esinqumweni sakhe.

"Isibonelo, ngenkathi ijaji likhonjiswa ama-imeyili abasebenzi baseMonsanto bezama kanzima ukulwa, ukubukela phansi noma ukuchaza izinselelo zokuphepha kukaRoundup, akukaze kuboniswe nakanye i-imeyili ephakamisa ukuthi izikhulu zaseMonsanto zazizinikele ekwenzeni ukuhlolwa komkhiqizo wayo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngenxa yokuthi ijaji lalazi ukuthi iMonsanto ithengise kaningi - futhi iyaqhubeka nokuthengisa - iRoundup ngaphandle kwanoma yiluphi uhlobo lwelebula lokuxwayisa, bekusobala ukuthi "ukuziphatha kukaMonsanto kubandakanya izenzo eziphindaphindwayo," kunokuba "kube yinto eyedwa," kubhala ijaji.

IJaji uChhabria unikeze amagama asekelayo ngesikhundla sikaMonsanto, ebhala ukuthi abukho ubufakazi bokuthi uMonsanto ubufihlile ubufakazi be-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), noma "ukwazile ukubamba i-EPA."

Futhi, ijaji laphawula ukuthi abukho ubufakazi obethulwayo obukhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto “empeleni yayazi ukuthi i-glyphosate yayibangela umdlavuza kodwa yawufihla, ngaleyo ndlela yahlukanisa leli cala emacaleni amaningi ahlulela ukuziphatha kwezinkampani zikagwayi.”

Icala likaHardeman lingenye yezinkulungwane ezilindelwe iMonsanto iBayer enesibopho sayo ngemuva kokuthenga inkampani ngoJuni ka-2018. Kusukela kuthengiwe, abamangali abane ezilingo ezintathu bathole umonakalo enkampanini. Bonke abathi bakhulise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kokuchayeka emithini yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto, efana neRoundup. Baphinde basola ukuthi inkampani ibazi ngobufakazi besayensi obukhombisa izingozi zomdlavuza ezihambisana nemikhiqizo yayo, kodwa yasebenza ukucindezela imininingwane ukuvikela inzuzo yayo.

UMichael Baum, ongomunye wethimba labameli abahola icala leRoundup, uthe isinqumo sejaji besingalungile.

“Abameli beHardeman babulinganisa ngokucophelela ubufakazi base bekhipha isinqumo esinengqondo ngokuhambisana nemiyalo eyamukelwa kahle yamajaji nomthetho wamacala. Akunasisekelo esizwakalayo sokuphazamisa umklomelo wabo wokujeziswa - kungani uzihlupha ngokuba namajaji anikele ngamasonto ezimpilo zawo uma ijaji lingavele likhiphe isinqumo salo esikhundleni salo yize kunobufakazi obuningi obusekela iziphetho zabo, ”kusho uBaum esitatimendeni.

June 13, 2019

IMonsanto, iBayer Balwa kanzima ukuze ihambisane nokukhula komdlavuza we-Roundup Cancer

Isiphithiphithi ngaphakathi nangaphandle kwezinkantolo kubonakala sikhula iMonsanto, iyunithi yomnikazi waseJalimane uBayer AG, njengoba inkampani isebenza ukuhlangabezana nezikhathi zokugcina zezenzo zokudluliswa kwezilingo ezintathu zomdlavuza weRoundup iMonsanto ilahlekelwe kuze kube manje ngesikhathi esifanayo nenkampani kufanele silungiselele izivivinyo ezintsha ekupheleni kwaleli hlobo.

Ubunzima bomthwalo wamacala babekwa ngummeli weMonsanto / Bayer eNkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala yaseCalifornia esanda kufuna isikhathi esithe xaxa sokufaka Isikhalazo sikaMonsanto kwecala lokuqala elahlekile ehlobo eledlule.

Lowo mmangali kuleso simo, UDewayne “Lee” Johnson, wanikezwa amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-289 ngamajaji aseSan Francisco anquma ukuthi i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kaJohnson ibangelwe ukuvezwa kwakhe yimithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto glyphosate. Njengengxenye yezigidi ezingama-289 zamaRandi, ijaji layalela ama-dollar ayizigidi ezingama-250 emalini yokujeziswa ngemuva kokuba abameli bakaJohnson bethule ubufakazi bokuthi iMonsanto icindezela ubufakazi bezingozi zokubulala ukhula kwayo.

Ijaji lecala lehlise umklomelo womonakalo laya ezigidini ezingama-78 zamaRandi, kanti uJohnson kunjalo unxenxela ku buyisela isinqumo esigcwele.

Isikhalazo sikaMonsanto sithi, phakathi kokunye, ukuthi uma inkantolo yenqaba ukuguqula isinqumo akufanele kube khona umklomelo wokujeziswa nhlobo, noma uJohnson enikezwa inani elincane lomonakalo wokukhokha.

Ekufayilini kwakamuva, ummeli kaBryan Cave K. Lee Marshall utshele inkantolo Udinga ukwelulwa kwesikhathi ukulungiselela isikhathi esifushane esilandelayo esikhalazweni sikaJohnson ngenxa yezikhathi zokugcina ezahlukahlukene ezimweni eziningi uMonsanto azivikela ngazo. Ubalule izinsuku ezibekiwe ezinyakazayo ngemuva kokuqulwa kwecala ku- UPilliod v. Monsanto, lapho ijaji layalela khona iMonsanto ukuthi ikhokhe ngaphezu kuka- $ 2 billion kumonakalo, nezikhathi zokugcina ku UHardeman v. Monsanto, lapho ijaji layalela inkampani ukuthi ikhokhe cishe amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-80 kumonakalo. IMonsanto ifuna ukuguqula zombili lezo zinqumo.

Ngesonto eledlule, iMonsanto wafaka isaziso enkantolo yombuso ukuthi yona - kanye nomshuwalense uLiberty Mutual Insurance Co - babefake imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 100 njengoba ihlela ukuphikisa isinqumo sikaHardeman. Inkampani ine- Julayi 2 ukuzwa esicelweni sayo sokuba ijaji lecala libeke eceleni isinqumo bese lihlelela ukuqulwa kwecala elisha.

“Ngenxa yesikhashana esiseduze sokufakwa kwesiphakamiso sokuqhutshwa kwenkqubo yokuqulwa kwecala eHardeman nasePilliod, ngizohlala isikhathi esiningi emasontweni ambalwa alandelayo kwiziphakamiso zangemva kokuqulwa kwecala ezibekela izinqumo ezinkulu kulawo macala. Lezi zibophezelo ezibucayi zesikhathi zizolimaza kakhulu ikhono lami lokunikela isikhathi ukulungiselela… kulesi sicelo sokudlulisa icala, ”kusho uMarshall enkantolo.

Futhi, wabhala ukuthi icala likaJohnson "liyinkimbinkimbi ngokungavamile futhi linikeza izingqinamba eziningi eziyinkimbinkimbi." Ummeli wangaphakathi eBayer ufuna ukubuyekeza, aphawule futhi ahlele impendulo emfushane ngaphambi kokuba afakwe, wanezela.

Isikhalazo sikaJohnson sisingathwa ngendlela esheshayo ngenxa yokwehla kwesifo somdlavuza sikaJohnson. Abameli bakaJohnson bathe balindele ukuthi izingxoxo zomlomo zizobekelwa izikhalazo ngoSepthemba noma ngo-Okthoba, ngesinqumo sokugcina esilindelwe kungakapheli izinsuku ezingama-90 kulandela izingxabano zomlomo, mhlawumbe nge-Thanksgiving.

Uma iMonsanto ilahlekelwa ngumzamo wayo wokuqulwa kwecala elisha ecaleni likaHardeman inkampani kulindeleke ukuthi ifake isicelo sokudlulisa icala eNkantolo Yesishiyagalolunye Yesekethe Yokudlulisa Amacala ngenqubo engahle idonse intwasahlobo ezayo, kusho abameli abathintekayo ecaleni.

Okwamanje, i icala elilandelayo kulindeleke ukuthi iqhubeke ngo-Agasti 19 eSt. Louis, idolobha lakudala laseMonsanto ngaphambi kokuba litholwe yiBayer ngoJuni 2018. Leli cala lifaka ummangali USharlean Gordon, owesifazane ophethwe umdlavuza oseminyakeni yawo-50. Leli cala lafakwa ngoJulayi 2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezu kwama-75 kanti uGordon ungowokuqala walelo qembu ukuya enkantolo.

Bangaphezu kuka-13,000 abamangali abafake isimangalo eMonsanto e-United States bethi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuchayeka kwababulali bokhula baseMonsanto base-glyphosate, abanjengoRoundup.

Njengoba ukuqhubeka kwamacala, abatshalizimali beBayer bekhula bexakeke kakhulu futhi abaningi bacindezela iBayer ukuthi icubungule kabanzi ngokukhokhelwa komhlaba wonke, kusho imithombo. Abahlaziyi abahlukahlukene babeka inani lokukhokha elingaba khona eliphakathi kuka- $ 2 billion kuya ku- $ 3 billion ohlangothini oluphansi, kuze kufike ku- $ 10 billion noma ngaphezulu kancane njengokugcina okuphezulu kwebanga.

Izabelo zikaBayer zehle ngamaphesenti angama-44 selokhu kukhishwe isinqumo sikaJohnson ngo-Agasti odlule.

I-Bayer yangaphakathi i-imeyili yangoJuni 13 uveze ukuthi inkampani yethula umzamo omusha wokumaketha okuhloswe ngawo ukuziqhelelanisa nokuziphatha okungabazekayo kweMonsanto.

I-imeyili ethunyelwe isikhulu esiphezulu seBayer uWerner Baumann ithe: “Njengamanje sibhekene nemibuzo yokwethenjwa ngumphakathi. Le nselelo futhi iyithuba lokuthi sikhombise ukuthi simeleni. Kungakho kunjalo
ukukhuphula izinga njengoba siqala uhambo lokukhuphula imizamo yethu obala,
ukusimama nokuthi sisebenzisana kanjani nababambiqhaza bethu. Njengomholi omusha kwezolimo, thina
sihlose ukusetha amazinga angahambelani kuphela nezinkambiso zezimboni zethu, kodwa asishukumisele sonke ukuba sibe njalo
kangcono. ”

“Ukungafihli lutho kuyisisekelo sethu. Sizoguqula izinqubomgomo zethu zokuzibandakanya ezisisekelo sethu sonke
ukuxhumana nososayensi, izintatheli, abalawuli kanye nomkhakha wezepolitiki obala,
ubuqotho nenhlonipho, ”kusho i-imeyili yangaphakathi yeBayer.

Kwangathi 17, 2019

Up Next - Isivivinyo Esisedolobheni Lakubo LaseMonsanto Ngo-Agasti Ngemuva Kokugwetshwa Komdlavuza ongu- $ 2 Billion

Ngemuva kokulahlekelwa yinkantolo kathathu eCarlifonia, impi esemthethweni ephathelene nokuphepha kwe-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto ibhekiswe edolobheni lenkampani, lapho izikhulu zezinkampani zingaphoqeleka ukuba zivele etafuleni lofakazi, kanti ukulandelwa komthetho kukhombisa umlando wokuphikisana- izahlulelo zenkampani.

USharlean Gordon, owesifazane ophethwe umdlavuza osevile eminyakeni engu-50, ungummangali olandelayo njengamanje obhekene necala.  UGordon v. Monsanto iqala ngo-Agasti 19 eSt. Louis County Circuit Court, ebangeni nje elingamakhilomitha ambalwa ukusuka eSt. Louis, eMissouri-campus campus eyayiyikomkhulu lesikhathi eside lenkampani kuze kube yilapho iBayer ithenga iMonsanto ngoJuni odlule. Leli cala lafakwa ngoJulayi 2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezu kwama-75 kanti uGordon ungowokuqala walelo qembu ukuya enkantolo.

Ngokwesikhalazo, uGordon wathenga futhi wasebenzisa i-Roundup okungenani iminyaka eyi-15 eqhubekayo cishe ngo-2017 futhi watholakala enohlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngo-2006. UGordon udlule ekufakweni kwezitofu ezimbili futhi wachitha unyaka ekhaya labadala iphuzu elilodwa ekwelashweni kwakhe. Ukhubazeke kakhulu kangangokuba kunzima kuye ukuthi ahambe.

Icala lakhe, njengalezo zezinkulungwane zabanye abazungeze i-United States, lisola ukusetshenziswa kwe-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides kwamenza waba ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

"Usedlule esihogweni," kusho ummeli waseSt. Louis u-Eric Holland, elinye lamalungu eqembu labameli abamele uGordon. “Ulimale kabi. Isibalo sabantu lapha sikhulu kakhulu. Ngicabanga ukuthi uSharlean uzobeka ngqo lokho okwenziwe nguMonsanto kubantu. ”

UGordon uthe into enzima kakhulu ngokulungiselela ukuqulwa kwecala ukuthola ukuthi yibuphi ubufakazi obuzokwethulwa kumajaji esikhathini esingamasonto amathathu ijaji elisibekele ukuqulwa kwecala.

"Lobu bufakazi obumelene nabo, nokuziphatha kwabo, kubi kakhulu engikubonile eminyakeni engu-30 ngenza lokhu," kusho uHolland. "Izinto eziqhubeke lapha, ngifuna amajaji aseSt. Louis ezwe lokhu."

Ukuthethwa kwecala likaGordon kuzolandelwa ukuqulwa kwecala langoSepthemba 9 nako eSt. Louis County ecaleni elilethwe ngabamangali UMaurice Cohen noBurrell Lamb.

Izimpande ezijulile zeMonsanto emphakathini, kufaka phakathi isisekelo esikhulu sokuqashwa kanye neminikelo yokupha enomusa kuyo yonke le ndawo, ingavuna amathuba ayo ngamajaji endawo. Kepha ohlangothini lwe-flip, iSt kuthathwa njengemibuthano esemthethweni njengenye yezindawo ezinhle kakhulu zabamangali zokuletha amacala ezinkampanini futhi kunomlando omude wezinqumo ezinkulu ezibhekiswe ezinkampanini ezinkulu. I-St. Louis City Court ibhekwa njengeyintandokazi kunazo zonke kepha iSt. Louis County nayo iyafunwa ngabameli babamangali.

Ukusondela kwecala lika-Agasti nangoSepthemba kuza ngemuva kwesinqumo esimangazayo esingu- $ 2 billion esikhishwe ngoMonsanto ngoMeyi 13. Kuleso simo, ijaji e-Oakland, eCalifornia linikeze umbhangqwana oshadile u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, bobabili abaphethwe umdlavuza, $ 55 million ekulimaleni okubuyiselwayo kanye ne- $ 1 billion lilinye ekulimaleni kwesijeziso. Ijaji lithole ukuthi iMonsanto isichithe iminyaka ifaka ubufakazi bokuthi i-herbicide yayo ibangela umdlavuza.

Leso sinqumo safika isikhathi esingaphezu kwenyanga nje ngemuva kokuthi ijaji laseSan Francisco liyalele uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhe amadola ayizigidi ezingama- $ 80 ku-Edwin Hardeman, naye owathuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup. Ehlobo eledlule, ijaji layalela uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhe u- $ 289 million kumgcini magceke uDewayne “Lee” Johnson owathola ukuxilongwa komdlavuza ngemuva kokusebenzisa ukubulala ukhula eMonsanto emsebenzini wakhe.

U-Aimee Wagstaff, nowayengummeli ophethe ngokubambisana kuHardeman, kulindeleke ukuthi aqale icala likaGordon eSt. UWagstaff uthe uhlela ukubiza ososayensi abaningana beMonsanto ukuze bavele endaweni yamafakazi ukuze baphendule imibuzo phambi kwejaji. Yena nabanye abameli abazama amacala aseCalifornia abakwazanga ukuphoqa abasebenzi baseMonsanto ukuthi bafakaze bukhoma ngenxa yebanga.

UMHLANGANO WOKUDLULISELA MAY 22

Ukulahleka kwecala kushiye iMonsanto nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG bevinjezelwe. Abatshalizimali abathukuthele bacindezele amanani amasheya emazingeni aphansi cishe eminyakeni eyisikhombisa, esula amaphesenti angaphezu kwe-40 yenani lemakethe likaBayer. Futhi abanye abatshalizimali bafuna ukuthi umphathi weBayer uWerner Baumann axoshwe ngenxa yokulwela ukutholwa kweMonsanto, eyavalwa ngoJuni wonyaka odlule njengoba icala lokuqala laliqhubeka.

Bayer ugcina ukuthi abukho ubufakazi obuvumelekile bokuthi umdlavuza ubangelwe yimithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto, futhi uthi ukholelwa ukuthi uzophumelela uma kudluliswa icala. Kepha ijaji lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria iyale iBayer ukuqala izingxoxo zokulamula okuhloswe ngazo ukuxazulula inqwaba yamacala enkantolo ahlanganisa abamangali ababalelwa ku-13,400 e-United States kuphela. Bonke abamangali bayizisulu zomdlavuza noma amalungu emindeni yabo futhi bonke basola ukuthi iMonsanto ibandakanyeka ezinhlobonhlobo zamasu akhohlisayo okufihla izingozi zemithi yokubulala ukhula, kufaka phakathi ukusebenzisa irekhodi lesayensi ngezifundo ezibhalwe ngemimoya, ukusebenzisana nabalawuli, nokusebenzisa abantu abangaphandle nezinhlangano ukukhuthaza ukuphepha kwemikhiqizo yayo kuyilapho kuqinisekiswa ukuthi kubonakale ngamanga ukuthi bezimele ngaphandle kwenkampani.

Ukulalelwa kukaMeyi 22 kubanjwa ngokwengxenye ukuchaza imininingwane yenqubo yokulamula. Bayer kukhombisile ukuthi izothobela lo myalo, kepha kungenzeka ingakakulungeli ukucubungula ukuxazululwa kwamacala yize kulahlekile enkantolo.

Khonamanjalo, amacala aqala e-United States eqe umngcele aya eCanada lapho umlimi waseSaskatchewan ehola khona icala lesenzo sesigaba ngokumelene neBayer neMonsanto benza izinsolo ezibonisa labo abasenkantolo yase-US.

“INDlovukazi YOKUQALA”

U-Elaine Stevick wasePetaluma, eCalifornia kwakufanele abe ngowalandelayo abazothatha iMonsanto uma kuqulwa icala. Kepha ngokomyalelo wakhe wokulamula, iJaji uChhabria uphinde washiya usuku lokuqulwa kwecala lakhe ngoMeyi 20. Usuku olusha lokuqulwa kwecala kuzobhungwa ngalo ekulalelweni kwamacala ngoLwesithathu.

UStevick nomyeni wakhe uChristopher Stevick wamangalela uMonsanto ngo-Ephreli ka-2016 futhi basho engxoxweni ukuthi balangazelele ukuthola ithuba labo lokubhekana nale nkampani ngomonakalo omkhulu abathi ukusetshenziswa kuka-Elaine ngeRoundup sekuwenzile empilweni yakhe. Watholakala ngoDisemba 2014 eneminyaka engama-63 enezicubu eziningi zobuchopho ngenxa yohlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma olubizwa nge-central nervous system lymphoma (CNSL). U-Alberta Pilliod, osanda kuwina isivivinyo sakamuva kakhulu, ubuye waba nesimila ebuchosheni be-CNSL.

Lezi zithandani zathenga ikhaya elidala laseVictoria kanye nempahla ekhule ngokweqile ngo-1990 kanti ngenkathi uChristopher esebenza ekulungiseni ingaphakathi lendlu, umsebenzi ka-Elaine kwakuwukufafaza umbulali wokhula phezu kokhula no-anyanisi wasendle abashadikazi abathi bathatha ingxenye enhle yale ndawo. Wafutha kaningi ngonyaka waze watholakala enomdlavuza. Akazange afake amagilavu ​​noma ezinye izingubo zokuzivikela ngoba wayekholelwa ukuthi iphephe njengokukhangiswa, esho.

UStevick okwamanje uxolile kodwa ucishe wafa ngesikhathi esisodwa ekwelashweni kwakhe, kusho uChristopher Stevick.

"Ngangimbiza ngokuthi 'indlovukazi yaseRoundup' ngoba wayehlala ehamba efutha izinto," esho.

Lo mbhangqwana uhambele izingxenye zombili zokulingwa kukaPilliod noHardeman, futhi uthe bayabonga iqiniso ngezenzo zikaMonsanto zokufihla ubungozi obuzobonakala emphakathini. Futhi bafuna ukubona iBayer neMonsanto beqala ukuxwayisa abasebenzisi ngezingozi zomdlavuza zeRoundup namanye ama-herbicides asuselwa e-glyphosate.

"Sifuna ukuthi izinkampani zibhekane nokuxwayisa abantu - noma ngabe kukhona ithuba lokuthi okuthile kungaba yingozi noma kube yingozi kubo, kufanele abantu baxwayiswe," kusho u-Elaine Stevick.

(Ishicilelwe kuqala ku- Izindaba Zempilo Yezemvelo)

Landela @NomzamoMbatha on Twitter

Kwangathi 13, 2019

IMonsanto iyalelwe ukuthi ikhokhe amaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezimbili kwizisulu zomdlavuza

Ngemuva kwezinsuku ezingaphansi kwezimbili zokubonisana, ijaji laseCalifornia layalela uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhe imali engaphezulu kuka- $ 2 billion ngokujezisa nokukhokhela umbhangqwana oshadile bobabili abenza i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abathi idalwe yiminyaka yabo eminingi besebenzisa imikhiqizo yeRoundup.

Ngemuva kokulalela izinsuku eziyi-17 zobufakazi bokuqulwa kwecala, amajaji athi uMonsanto kumele akhokhe u- $ 1 billion ku-Alberta Pilliod, owatholakala ukuthi unomdlavuza we-non-Hodgkin lymphoma brain ngo-2015, namanye ama-dollar ayi-1 billion kumyeni wakhe u-Alva Pilliod, owatholwa ngo-2011 enezinkinga -Hodgkin lymphoma esakazeka isuke emathanjeni iye esikhaleni nasemgogodleni. Lezi zithandani, ezineminyaka yobudala engama-70, ziqale ukusebenzisa iRoundup ngeminyaka yama-1970s zaqhubeka nokusebenzisa umuthi wokubulala ukhula kwaze kwaba seminyakeni embalwa edlule. Abasizi bejaji baphinde banikeza lo mbhangqwana isamba semali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 55 kumonakalo wezikweletu ezedlule nezesikhathi esizayo zokulahleka.

Ekuhleleni umonakalo wokujeziswa, ijaji bekufanele ngithole ukuthi iMonsanto "ibisebenza ngokuziphatha okubi, ukucindezela noma ukukhwabanisa okwenziwe yisikhulu esisodwa noma ngaphezulu, abaqondisi noma abaphathi beMonsanto" ababemele inkampani.

UPilliod v. UMonsanto uyicala lesithathu lomdlavuza iRoundup elizoya ecaleni. Futhi kungokwesithathu ukuphetha ngokuthi i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides ingadala umdlavuza nokuthi iMonsanto kudala yazi mayelana - futhi yahlanganisa - izingozi.

Ngo-Mashi, ijaji elivumelanayo enkantolo yenhlangano eSan Francisco layala uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhe cishe amadola ayizigidi ezingama- $ 80 ngomonakalo ngokwehluleka ukuxwayisa ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman ngezingozi zomdlavuza ze-Roundup herbicide. Ngo-Agasti odlule, amajaji enkantolo yombuso eSan Francisco ayale uMonsanto ukukhokha u- $ 289 million  ekulimaleni komgcini wezinkundla zesikole uDewayne “Lee” Johnson, obulawa yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ijaji elatholwa libangelwe ukuvezwa kwakhe yimithi yokubulala ukhula yeMonsanto ye-glyphosate. Ijaji kulelo cala lehlise isinqumo esiphelele saba ngama- $ 78 million kanti manje isinqumo sesidlulisiwe.

Bobabili uJohnson noHardeman bahambela izimpikiswano zokuvala icala likaPilliod.

Isinqumo sePilliod kulindeleke ukuthi siqhubeke nokugugula inani lemakethe leBayer AG, elathenga iMonsanto ehlobo eledlule ngama- $ 63 billion. Amasheya ehle ngaphezu kwamaphesenti angama-40 selokhu kukhishwe isinqumo sango-Agasti 10 sikaJohnson.

Bangaphezu kuka-13,000 abamangali abafake amacala afanayo kuMonsanto, bethi ukubulala ukhula kwenkampani kubanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kanti inkampani izifihlile izingozi.

Ubufakazi obethulwe kulezi zivivinyo ezintathu babandakanya izifundo eziningi zesayensi ezazikhombisa ukuthi abameli babamangali bathi ubufakazi bokuthi ama-herbicides kaMonsanto angadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Futhi, abameli banikeze ama-juror ukuxhumana okuningi kwangaphakathi kweMonsanto okutholwe ngokutholwa okuyalelwe yinkantolo okubonisa ukuthi iMonsanto isebenzise ngenhloso irekhodi lomphakathi ukufihla izingozi zomdlavuza.

Phakathi kwezambulo eziningi ezivele ezivivinyweni:

* IMonsanto akukaze kwenziwe izifundo ze-epidemiology ze-Roundup nokunye ukwakheka okwenziwe ngesithako esisebenzayo se-glyphosate ukuhlola ubungozi bomdlavuza kubasebenzisi.

* UMonsanto wayazi ukuthi ama-surfactants eRoundup ayenobuthi kakhulu kune-glyphosate iyodwa.

* UMonsanto wasebenzisa izigidi zamaRandi emikhankasweni yobudlelwano bomphakathi efihlekile yokuxhasa imali ebhaliwe izifundo kanye nezindatshana okuhloswe ngazo ukudicilela phansi ososayensi abazimele umsebenzi wabo othole izingozi ngemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto.

* Lapho i-US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry ifuna ukuhlola ubuthi be-glyphosate ngo-2015, iMonsanto bahlanganyele ngosizo lwezikhulu ze-EPA ukubambezela lokho kubuyekezwa.

* IMonsanto yajabulela ubudlelwano obusondelene nezikhulu ezithile ngaphakathi kwe-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), ezikusekele kaningi okushiwo nguMonsanto mayelana nokuphepha kwemikhiqizo yayo ye-glyphosate.

* Le nkampani ngaphakathi ibinezincomo zokuphepha kwabasebenzi ezazifuna ukuthi kufakwe uhla oluphelele lwegiya lokuzivikela uma kufakwa umuthi wokubulala ukhula we-glyphosate, kodwa ingaxwayisi umphakathi ukuthi wenze okufanayo.

Ummeli kaPilliod uBrent Wisner uphakamise amajaji ezimpikiswaneni zakhe zokuvala ukuthi babheka umonakalo wokujeziswa ebangeni lama- $ 1 billion ukuthumela umlayezo eMonsanto naseBayer mayelana nesidingo sokushintsha imikhuba yenkampani.

"Abasizi bejaji bazibonele imibhalo yenkampani yangaphakathi ekhombisa ukuthi, kusukela ngosuku lokuqala, iMonsanto ayikaze ibe nentshisekelo yokuthola ukuthi ngabe iRoundup iphephile yini," kusho uWisner kulandela lesi sinqumo. "Esikhundleni sokutshala imali kwisayensi ezwakalayo, batshala izigidi ekuhlaseleni isayensi esongela uhlelo lwabo lwebhizinisi."

UMichael Miller, owasebenza noWisner njengommeli wecala elihamba phambili wathi: “Ngokungafani namacala amabili okuqala eMonsanto, lapho amajaji anciphisa kakhulu inani lobufakazi bommangali, ekugcineni savunyelwa ukukhombisa ijaji intaba yobufakazi ebonisa ukukhwabanisa kukaMonsanto wezesayensi, abezindaba kanye nezinhlangano ezilawula ukuhambisa i-ajenda yabo yize i-Roundup ilimaze kakhulu izilwane kanye nesintu. ”

Bayer ikhishwe isitatimende ngemuva kwesinqumo esithi sizofaka isicelo: "IBayer iphoxekile ngesinqumo sejaji futhi izophikisa isinqumo ngaleli cala, esiphikisana ngqo nesinqumo sesikhashana sokubhaliswa kokubhaliswa kwe-US Environmental Protection Agency esikhishwe ngenyanga edlule, ukuvumelana phakathi kwabalawuli bezempilo abaholayo emhlabeni jikelele ukuthi imikhiqizo esekwe ku-glyphosate ingasetshenziswa ngokuphepha nokuthi i-glyphosate ayiyona i-carcinogenic, kanye neminyaka engama-40 yocwaningo olunzulu lwesayensi lapho iziphetho zabo ezihle zisuselwa khona.

“Sizwelana kakhulu noMnu noNkk. Pilliod, kodwa ubufakazi kuleli cala bucacile ukuthi bobabili banemilando emide yezifo ezaziwa njengezimbangela ezinkulu ze-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), iningi leNHL alinaso isizathu esaziwayo, futhi abukho ubufakazi obunokwethenjelwa besayensi bokuphetha ngokuthi i-glyphosate-based herbicides iyimbangela yezifo zabo "kodwa" ngenxa yokuthi ijaji kwakufanele litholwe kuleli cala. "

Umklomelo womonakalo wephuka ngale ndlela elandelayo:

U-Alva Pilliod

Isinxephezelo:

Ezomnotho ezedlule - $ 47,296.01

Ukulahleka okungekho komnotho okwedlule - $ 8 million

Ukulahleka kwesikhathi esizayo okungezona kwezomnotho - $ 10 million

Ukulimala okujeziswayo - $ 1 billion

I-Alberta Pilliod

Isinxephezelo:

Ezomnotho ezedlule - $ 201,166.76

Esidlule okungekhona kwezomnotho - $ 8 million

Ezomnotho zesikhathi esizayo - $ 2,957,710

Ikusasa okungezona ezomnotho - $ 26 million

Ukulimala okujeziswayo - $ 1 billion

INANI - $ 2.055 billion  

Ijaji lombuso liyalele iBayer ukuthi iqale ukulamula nabameli babamangali bese kulalelwa isonto elizayo eSan Francisco ngalolo daba. Kwahlelwa ezinye izivivinyo eziningi ngonyaka ozayo ezinkantolo eziseduze ne-United States.

Ukuze uthole ezinye izibuyekezo landela uCarey Gillam ku-Twitter @sbahle_mpisane 

Ezandleni Zabo - AmaJurors ku-3rd Monsanto Roundup Cancer Trial Tala Ubufakazi

Izingxoxo zamajaji bekufanele ziqale ngoMsombuluko ekuseni e-Oakland, eCalifornia lapho kwenzeka umbhangqwana oshadile osekhulile osola ukuthi iminyaka eminingi yokusebenzisa umuthi wokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto iRoundup ubangele ukuthi ngamunye wabo athuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ebuthaka.

Abameli babamangali u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod kanye nabameli bezomthetho beMonsanto kanye nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG bethule izimpikiswano eziphikisanayo eziphikisana ngesonto eledlule. Amajaji abe esenosuku olulodwa lokuxoxisana ngoLwesine ngaphambi kokuthatha ikhefu langoLwesihlanu nangempelasonto.

Amajaji anobufakazi obuningi bokuhluza ngemuva kwezinsuku eziyi-17 zobufakazi bokuqulwa kwecala obufaka ofakazi abaphilayo abangu-16 kanye nabanye abangu-11 abafakaza ngevidiyo. Umbhalo wecala, njengoba kuphawuliwe ngummeli weMonsanto uTarek Ismail, ungaphezu kwamakhasi we-5,000 ubude.

Ijaji elinamalungu ayi-12 selivele linemibuzo eminingana, lithumela amanothi kuJaji leNkantolo Ephakeme yase-Alameda County uWinifred Smith ngemibuzo ephathelene nezindatshana ezithile zezokwelapha nangobufakazi besazi esingusofakazi waseMonsanto uDkt.Celeste Bello, udokotela wezifo zomdlavuza we-oncologist osebenza eMoffitt Cancer Isikhungo eFlorida. Kufakaza uBello leyo datha ye-epidemiological ayikhombisi ukuhlangana okuvumelekile phakathi kwe-Roundup ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Uthe bobabili u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod babenomlando wezinkinga zokwelashwa futhi benza amasosha omzimba abe buthakathaka, okungenzeka ukuthi kwaholela emdlavuzeni wabo. UBello utshele ama-jorors ukuthi uvumelana nokuzimisela kwe-Environmental Protection Agency ukuthi i-glyphosate, isithako esiyinhloko ku-Roundup, akunakwenzeka ukuthi ibe ngumdlavuza kubantu.

AmaJurors abuze nangezindatshana ezithile zezokwelapha kanye nombuzo wokuthi mangaki ama-joror adinga ukuvumelana emibuzweni ngayinye ku amafomu esinqumo.  Lowo mbuzo ushukumise ummeli weMonsanto u-Ismail ukuthi aphawule kwijaji ngokuthi "kusobala ukuthi - sihlukene phakathi emaqenjini amajaji."

Abashushisi abayisishiyagalolunye kwabangu-12 kumele bavumelane ngesinqumo kodwa u-Ismail uqaphele ukuthi imiyalo eya kwijaji
ivumela amaqembu ahlukene amajaji ayisishiyagalolunye ukuba avumelane ngezingxenye ezahlukahlukene zefomu lesinqumo. Nakhu okuncane kokushintshana kwakhe neJaji Smith ngokukhathazeka kwenkampani:

UMnu ISMAIL: “Ngakho-ke, ngokwesibonelo, amaJurors 1 kuya ku-9 angathi yebo embuzweni 1, kanti amaJurors 4 kuya ku-12 avumelana ngokuthi - yithi yebo embuzweni 2, kodwa unabantu abayisithupha kuphela abacabanga ukuthi isikweletu siyatholakala.

INKANTOLO: Lowo ngumsebenzi womthetho waseCalifornia.

Mnu. U-ISMAIL: Kunjalo. Ngiyakwazi lokho. Ngiyazi ukuthi ngeke uyishintshe lapha. Kepha ngigcina ukuphikisa ukuthi -

INKANTOLO: Ngiyakuzwa okushoyo.

Mnu. I-ISMAIL: Kubukeka njengokungahambisani ngendlela - lapho kubhalwe khona ukuthi isinqumo sidinga abayisishiyagalolunye, futhi isinqumo lapha empeleni ngeke sidinge abayisishiyagalolunye; kungadinga okungaphansi kwesishiyagalolunye. Futhi ngiyaqonda ukuthi uMhlonishwa uboshwe yindlela umthetho obhalwe ngayo ku-CACI, kepha sigcina leyo mpikiswano ngenxa yalokho.

INKANTOLO: Kufanele ngilandele umthetho waseCalifornia, osho ngokusobala ukuthi akubona bonke abayisishiyagalolunye okufanele baphendule umbuzo ngamunye ngendlela efanayo.

Womabili la ma-Pilliods asabalalise i-B-cell lymphoma enkulu yize i-Alberta yathuthuka ebuchosheni bayo ngenkathi u-Alva ehlasela ukhalo nomgogodla wakhe. Ummeli wePilliod uBrent Wisner kubuza ijaji ukukhipha cishe amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-37 emalini eyinxephezelo ye-Alberta Pilliod kanye ne- $ 18 million ye-Alva Pilliod. Uphakamise ukuthi ama-jorors kufanele acabangele umklomelo wokujeziswa wokujeziswa kwezigidigidi zamaRandi ezi-1.

Kwangathi 9, 2019

"Hamba Uyothola '- Izingxoxo Zamajaji Eziqala Ekuhlolweni Kwe-Roundup Cancer

Ngemuva kwezimpikiswano zokuvala usuku lonke lapho ummeli wabamangali aphakamise khona ukuthi u- $ 1 billion kumonakalo wokujezisa uzoba ofanele, izingxoxo zamajaji beziqhubeka ngoLwesine ecaleni lokufaka umbhangqwana oshadile onomdlavuza ngoMonsanto.

U-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, ngamunye okutholwe ukuthi une-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, bebeseNkantolo Ephakeme yase-Alameda County e-Oakland, eCalifornia, ngoLwesithathu njengoba ummeli uBrent Wisner enxusa abameli ukuba bavumelane nezinsolo zokuthi ukuthuthukiswa kwezifo eziqeda amandla zikaPilliods kungenxa yezinkinga zabo eziningi. iminyaka yokusetshenziswa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto's Roundup.

IMonsanto iphika ngokuqinile ukuthi imikhiqizo yayo iyi-carcinogenic. Kodwa ummeli kaPilliod uBrent Wisner utshele ama-jurors ukuthi kunobufakazi obuningi bokukhathazeka ngomdlavuza futhi kunokuba axwayise amakhasimende ngobungozi, le nkampani yenze iminyaka engama-45 yamaqhinga akhohlisayo asebenzisa irekhodi lesayensi ngobungozi bemikhiqizo yalo.

Uthe amajaji kufanele acabangele uku-oda okungenani u- $ 892 million kumonakalo wokujezisa njengoba lokho bekumele unyaka owodwa wenzuzo yeMonsanto, ngonyaka odlule eyatholwa yiBayer AG. Uthe isibalo esingcono singaba yi- $ 1 billion ukuze kuthunyelwe umlayezo eBayer naseMonsanto. Ngokwengeziwe, ucele cishe ama- $ 37 wezigidi kumonakalo wokunxephezela i-Alberta Pilliod ne- $ 18 million ye-Alva Pilliod.

"Benze baphendule," kusho uWisner etshela amajaji engxoxweni yokuvala eyathatha amahora amathathu. Ngesikhathi ethula inkulumo yakhe kumajaji, uWisner ubakhumbuze ngobufakazi obethulwe phezu kwecala elide. Wabahambisa ezifundweni eziningana zesayensi wathi zikhombisa ukuxhumana nomdlavuza, wabakhombisa izingcaphuno zama-imeyili angaphakathi eMonsanto ayekhuluma ngamaphepha wesayensi abhala ghost futhi akhokha ngokufihla amaqembu angaphambili njenge-American Council on Science and Health (ACSH) ukukhuthaza obala ukuphepha ukubulala ukhula kwayo. Ukhumbuze ama-jurors amadokhumende abonisa ubudlelwane obuhle kwizikhulu ezithile ze-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ezibuyisela ukuphepha kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto, kanye nemibhalo ekhombisa amasu eMonsanto okudicilela phansi ososayensi bomdlavuza bamazwe omhlaba ababeka i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu.

UWisner uthe iMonsanto yangcwaba izifundo ezithola ukulimala emikhiqizweni yayo futhi yagqugquzela izifundo ezibhalwe ngezipoki ezikhuthaza ukuphepha, ezibandakanya ukwenza "okusolisayo."

"Lokho bakwethu nabaphathi yindlela enisebenzisa ngayo isayensi," esho.

Ngokuphambene nalokho, ummeli weMonsanto uTarek Ismail utshele amajaji engxoxweni yakhe yokuvala ukuthi bobabili uPilliods babenezinkinga eziningi zezempilo kanye namasosha omzimba abuthakathaka futhi umdlavuza wabo wawungaxhunyaniswa nobuphi ubufakazi obusemthethweni ekusebenziseni kwabo iRoundup.

“Ngemuva kwaso sonke lesi sikhathi ebesilapha kuleli cala, abamangali abakukhombisanga mbhalo owodwa noma irekhodi lezokwelapha noma isivivinyo esixhumanisa i-NHL kommangali ne-Roundup,” kusho u-Ismail. “Futhi into ukuthi, akudingeki uvumelane nathi ngazo zonke lezi noma ezinye zazo, ngoba, uma ulandela noma iyiphi yalezi zindlela, ufika empendulweni efanayo, ukuthi abamangali abakahlangabezani nomthwalo wabo wobufakazi . ”

U-Ismail utshele amajaji ukuthi uWisner ubelawula imizwa yabo, egqugquzela "ukwesaba isayensi" kanye "nokuzwela phezu kobufakazi." Ama-ejensi wokulawula emhlabeni wonke abuyisela ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate ne-Monsanto herbicides, futhi ngaphandle kokukhetha okungalungile kolimi kuma-imeyili angaphakathi, abukho ubufakazi bokuziphatha okubi kweMonsanto. Uthe uWisner ubesebenzelana “nokukhohlisa” futhi “ezama ngobuqili ukukhohlisa” amajaji lapho efaka amagilavu ​​ngesikhathi sokuqulwa kwecala lokuphatha ibhodlela leRoundup eligcwele hhayi i-herbicide kodwa ngamanzi.

“Nina bantu nisebenzile kakhulu, nibe lapha isikhathi eside ukuvumela umuntu ukuthi athuke ubuhlakani benu kanjalo. Futhi ngiyethemba uyayilahla ukuthi ibiyini, ”kusho u-Ismail.

USpark wandiza lapho sekuyithuba likaWisner lokuphika, njengoba ephakamise izwi elikhulu futhi ethukuthele ebamba amanothi amaningi athi awanikezwa ngozakwabo abakhomba amanga ezitatimendeni ezahlukahlukene ezenziwa ngu-Ismail.

“Phuma lapha!” UWisner wamemeza, nokwenze ukuthi iJaji uWinifred Smith limkhuze ukuthi ehlise umoya. Uqedile ukuphika kwakhe waphinda wacela ama-joror ukuthi atholele ama-Pilliods bese e-oda amademeshe ngenani eliphakeme njengokuthumela umlayezo eMonsanto naseBayer.

Amazwi akhe okugcina kumajaji - “Hambani niyowathola.”

Bona umbhalo we ukuvala izimpikiswano lapha. 

Icala likaPilliod liyicala lesithathu lomdlavuza iRoundup elizoya enkantolo. Ngehlobo eledlule ijaji layalela uMonsanto ukuba akhokhe imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 289 kumonakalo owenzelwa isisulu somdlavuza uDewayne “Lee” Johnson. Ijaji kuleli cala kamuva lehlisa inani laya ezigidini ezingama-78 zamaRandi. Icala lesibili, elabanjelwa eSan Francisco ngecala elihlukile, laholela ekutheni Isinqumo esingu- $ 80.2 million kommangali u-Edwin Hardeman.

Kunabanye abamangali abangaphezu kwe-13,000 abasola nokuthi imithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto ibangela umdlavuza kanti inkampani izifihlile izingozi. Amasheya eBayer abekhona kuzamazame ngezahlulelo futhi abatshalizimali balinde ngokwesaba imiphumela yalesi silingo. Le nkampani ilahlekelwe ngaphezu kwama- $ 30 billion ngenani lamasheya ngemuva kokuthenga iMonsanto ehlobo eledlule.

Kwangathi 8, 2019

I-Spark to Fly in Closing Arguments at Third Roundup Cancer Trial

Ngemuva kokulahleka okubizayo kwenkantolo, abameli bakaMonsanto kanye nomnikazi wayo waseJalimane uBayer AG ngoLwesithathu babekelwe ukuthi benze iziphakamiso zokuvala ukuthi yiliphi leli cala lesithathu elethwe abantu abasola umdlavuza wabo ngokusebenzisa iMonsanto's Roundup kanye neminye imikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula esuselwa e-glyphosate.

Izikhalazo U-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, umbhangqwana oshadile oseneminyaka engama-70 bobabili abane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, bathi iMonsanto kufanele ithweswe icala lokugula kwabo ngoba ubufakazi besayensi bukhombisa ukuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto ingadala umdlavuza futhi ngoba iMonsanto yehlulekile ukuxwayisa kahle ngezingozi.

Ngenkathi uMonsanto egcina ukuthi isisindo sobufakazi besayensi asikhombisi ukuxhumana okuyimbangela phakathi kwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kanye ne-glyphosate herbicides, abameli bamaPilliods bethule ubufakazi besayensi ngesikhathi sokuqulwa kwecala obukhombisa isixhumanisi somdlavuza. Ngaphezu kwalokho, abameli babamangali bakhombise amajaji ithuba lokuxhumana kwangaphakathi kweMonsanto namanye amarekhodi abathi abonisa ukukhohlisa kwenkampani izincwadi zesayensi, kufaka phakathi ukubhala ngesandla amaphepha amaningana ashicilelwe emaphephandabeni esayensi. Futhi phakathi kobufakazi kwakungamarekhodi abonisa imizamo yeMonsanto yokuthonya ama-ejensi alawulayo, ukuze tshala izindaba eziwusizo esiteshini sezindaba somhlaba wonke iReuters, nokuhlambalaza ososayensi abanqume ukuthi imikhiqizo yenkampani kungenzeka ibe nomdlavuza.

Izimpikiswano zokuvala kulindeleke ukuthi zithathe usuku lonke noma lonke futhi ukungezwani ezinhlangothini zombili kuphakeme.

NgoLwesibili, iMonsanto wafaka intshukumo befuna ukunqamula lokho elikushoyo kungenzeka ukuthi kube "okungafanele" ukuvala izimpikiswano zabameli abamele amaPilliods. Baqoke abameli uBrent Wisner noMichael Baum ngokugxekwa, bebalula ngezenzo ezahlukahlukene.

"IMonsanto ikhathazeke kakhulu ngokuthi ingxoxo yokugcina yabameli kuleli cala izogcwala ngokungaziphathi kahle," kusho lesi sicelo.

Kulesi siphakamiso, abameli beMonsanto bathi abameli bakaPilliod "sebevele baphendule leli cala laba isekisi ngezikhathi eziningi," kufaka phakathi ukufaka amagilavu ​​kabili ngaphambi kokuphatha ibhodlela leRoundup elinamanzi kuphela.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, abameli “babezungeza osaziwayo kanye nabameli abamelene neMonsanto uNeil Young noDaryl Hannah… behlanganyela kuma-photo-ops ngaphandle kwegumbi labasizi bezama ukuzama ngokungafanele ukuthonya amajaji.”

"Uma kukhona amalungu ejaji angenza usesho olulula kuGoogle ngoMnu. Young noma uNkk. Hannah, bazosheshe bafunde ngemizwa yabo enamandla yokulwa neMonsanto," kusho uMonsanto ekufayeleni kwakhe, ekhomba ukuthi eminyakeni emine eyedlule uYoung wakhiqiza i-albhamu egxeka inkampani ebizwa nge- "The Monsanto Years."

Ngaphezu kwalokho, uMonsanto uthe, “Nksz. I-akhawunti kaHannah ye-Twitter iqukethe ama-tweets amaningi mayelana nokuhlolwa kwe-Roundup, kufaka phakathi eyodwa lapho abhala khona ngqo ngokuhlangenwe nakho kwakhe enkantolo phakathi naleli cala: “Lokho bekuluhambo ngempela! - Impela ngiyazi ukuthi laba bantu abasebenza ngobuqili bayakhohlisa futhi baqamba amanga - kodwa ukukubona phambi kwamehlo akho kuyacindezela futhi kuyadabukisa. ”'

UMonsanto uphinde wathi ukubekwa kukaWisner kuleli cala “njengomlando” akumele kuvunyelwe futhi. Ngokufanayo, akekho ummeli wabamangali okufanele avunyelwe ukusikisela ukuthi lesi sinqumo "sizoshintsha umhlaba noma sibe nomthelela ngaphandle kwaleli cala," kusho uMonsanto.

Igumbi elincane lenkantolo e-Oakland, eCalifornia kulindeleke ukuthi ligcwale. UDewayne “Lee” Johnson, onqobe icala lokuqala elibhekiswe kuMonsanto ehlobo eledlule, kulindeleke ukuthi abekhona, kanjalo no-Edwin Hardeman, owanqoba icala lesibili.

Njengezilingo ezimbili ezedlule, amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto anikeze idrama ethile. Ngolwesibili, ukuxhumana kwangaphakathi kusukela ehlobo eledlule zenziwe zatholakala yinkantolo ekhombisa ukusekelwa okucacile kwe-White House kweMonsanto. Kwi umbiko inamathiselwe ku-imeyili kaJulayi 2018 kumphathi wamasu omhlaba wonke weMonsanto uTodd Rands, inkampani yezobunhloli nezeluleko I-Hakluyt  ibike kuMonsanto okulandelayo:

"Umeluleki wezinqubomgomo zasekhaya e-White House uthe, ngokwesibonelo: 'Sinomlando kaMonsanto emthethweni wokulawulwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane. Sikulungele ukuhamba ngezwane kunoma yiziphi izingxabano abangaba nazo, isibonelo, i-EU. IMonsanto akudingeki yesabe noma imuphi umthethonqubo owengeziwe ovela kulo mbuso. ”

Kwangathi 7, 2019

I-White House "Inemuva LikaMonsanto Emithini Yokubulala Izilokazane," kusho Umbhalo Omusha Ovezwe

Amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto asanda kufakwa enkantolo akhombisa ukuthi iqembu lezobunhloli eliqashelwe "ukuthatha izinga lokushisa emibonweni yamanje yokulawula i-glyphosate" libike ukuthi iWhite House ingathenjelwa ekuvikeleni imithi yokubulala ukhula ye-Roundup yenkampani.

Phakathi ku umbiko inamathiselwe ku-imeyili kaJulayi 2018 kumphathi wamasu omhlaba wonke weMonsanto uTodd Rands, inkampani yezobunhloli nezeluleko I-Hakluyt  ibike kuMonsanto okulandelayo:

"Umeluleki wezinqubomgomo zasekhaya e-White House uthe, ngokwesibonelo: 'Sinomlando kaMonsanto emthethweni wokulawulwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane. Sikulungele ukuhamba ngezwane kunoma yiziphi izingxabano abangaba nazo, isibonelo, i-EU. IMonsanto akudingeki yesabe noma imuphi umthethonqubo owengeziwe ovela kulo mbuso. ”

Kwi-imeyili ehambisana nalo mbiko, uNick Banner kaHakluyt utshele amaRands imininingwane ephathelene nezinkinga zase-United States nezaseChina. Lo mbiko uphawula ukuthi abasebenzi “abaqeqeshiwe” banokungqubuzana “okubukhali” nabasebenzi “bezepolitiki” kwezinye izindawo, kodwa ukuthi ukukhathazeka kwabanye babasebenzi abangochwepheshe bekungeke kuphazamise lokho.

"Sizwe umbono owodwa ngazwi linye ovela emazingeni aphezulu e-EPA (kanye ne-USDA) wokuthi i-glyphosate ayibonakali njenge-carcinogenic, nokuthi mancane amathuba okuthi lokhu kuguqulwe ngaphansi kwalokhu kubusa - noma ngabe liphi izinga lokunqanyulwa phakathi kwabasebenzi bezepolitiki nabangochwepheshe."

Umbiko uthe lowo owayengummeli we-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) kanye nesikhulu soMnyango Wezolimo e-US (USDA) baqinisekisile ukuthi zombili lezi zinhlaka zibona ukuhlukaniswa kwe-glyphosate yi-World Health Organisation for International Cancer (IARC) njenge-carcinogen yabantu “Inamaphutha” futhi ayiphelele.

"Akungabazeki ukuthi i-EPA iyakweseka ukusetshenziswa kwe-glyphosate," kusho umbiko. Icaphuna ummeli wamanje we-EPA ethi: “Senze isinqumo mayelana ne-glyphosate futhi sizizwa siqiniseka kakhulu ngamaqiniso asizungezile. Ezinye izinhlangano zamazwe omhlaba… zifinyelele eziphethweni ezihlukile, kodwa ngokubona kwethu imininingwane ayicaci futhi isinqumo sayo siyiphutha. ”

Lo mbiko uphinde uphakamise ukufana phakathi kokusekelwa kweTrump Administration ukwesekwa kwe-glyphosate nezenzo zayo ezungeze umuthi wokubulala izinambuzane obizwa nge-chlorpyrifos oyisithako esisebenzayo somuthi wokubulala izinambuzane owenziwe yiDow Chemical, manje eyiDowDupont. Kunomzimba omkhulu wesayensi okhombisa ukuthi ama-chlorpyrifos ayalimaza kakhulu ekukhuleni kobuchopho bezingane nokuthi izingane zivame ukudalulwa ngokudla nangamanzi eziwadlayo. AmaChlorpyrifos bekufanele avinjelwe ukusetshenziswa kwezolimo ngo-2017 ngenxa yobungozi bawo kepha abaphathi bakaTrump bahlehlisa ukuvinjelwa ngokwesicelo sikaDow futhi bayaqhubeka nokuvumela ukusetshenziswa kwaso ekukhiqizeni ukudla. Imibiko yeHakluyt ithi:

"Indlela i-EPA ngaphansi kokuphatha kukaTrump ephathe ngayo amaChlorpyrifos ingahle ifundise ukuthi izoyisingatha kanjani isayensi entsha noma intuthuko entsha ephathelene ne-glyphosate."

Ngesikhathi lo mbiko ulethwa eMonsanto ngoJulayi odlule, iMonsanto yayisanda kutholwa yinkampani yaseJalimane iBayer AG futhi yayiphakathi nokuzivikela esivivinyweni sokuqala somdlavuza weRoundup. Leli cala laseSan Francisco, elethwe isisulu somdlavuza uDewayne “Lee” Johnson, laholela ekutheni kukhishwe isinqumo ngazwilinye sejaji elakhishwa ngo-Agasti liyalela uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhe amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-289 kulimaza uJohnson. Ijaji kuleli cala kamuva lehlisa inani laya ezigidini ezingama-78 zamaRandi. Icala lesibili, elaphinde lagcinwa eSan Francisco kwelinye icala, laholela ekutheni Isinqumo esingu- $ 80.2 million kommangali u-Edwin Hardeman.

Icala lesithathu liyaqhubeka manje e-Oakland, eCalifornia. Izimpikiswano zokuvala zihlelelwe kusasa kuleso simo, zilethwe ngumyeni nonkosikazi bobabili abane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abasola ukuthi kungenxa yamashumi eminyaka abo besebenzisa iRoundup.

Imibhalo efaka umbiko weHakluyt yafakwa eNkantolo Ephakeme yase-Alameda ngabameli abamele abamangali ecaleni lamanje - u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod.

Ukufakwa kuyinto ukuphendula emizamweni kaMonsanto yokutshela ama-juror nge usanda kukhishwa Ukuhlolwa kwe-EPA glyphosate lapho i-ejensi iphinde yaqinisekisa khona ukutholakala kwayo ukuthi i-glyphosate ayibangeli umdlavuza. Abameli bakaPilliod bathi ukuxhumana kweHakluyt neMonsanto kukhuluma "ngokuthembela ekuhlolweni kwe-EPA glyphosate ka-2019, ekhishwe ngabaphathi abazibophezele ekuthandeni ibhizinisi likaMonsanto."

Ukwanda koqhekeko kubike phakathi kwabasebenzi bezepolitiki nabasebenza ezinhlanganweni ezilawulayo

Umbiko kaHakluyt oya eMonsanto ubuye uphawule ukuthi abasebenzi abaqhubeka nokuqeqesheka ngaphakathi kwezinhlangano "eziningi" zombuso bazizwa bephikisana nabasebenzi bezepolitiki ezindabeni ezifana nokulawulwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane, isayensi yezulu nezinye izindaba.

“Yize lokhu kubonakala kuyiqiniso kuma-ejensi ahlukahlukene - ezeMpilo kanye Nezinsizakalo Zabantu, Ezentengiselwano, Ezemfundo, Ingaphakathi, Ukuphathwa Kwezokudla Nezidakamizwa, njalonjalo- i-EPA ingaba yisibonelo esivelele salesi simon. ”

Lo mbiko ucaphuna umlingani oqavile wefemu yabameli eWashington DC "onoxhumana nabo abaningi ku-EPA ethi:

“Empeleni, ubuholi bezepolitiki buthanda ukwehliswa kwemithetho futhi buchithe ukucutshungulwa kobungozi. Kuphambene ikakhulukazi ekuhlaziyweni kobungozi, ngokwesibonelo, ezingozini ze-glyphosate, okusafuneka kuvunyelwane ngayo mayelana nesayensi… Ngokuphathelene ne-glyphosate, ikakhulukazi, umehluko phakathi kwabasebenzi bezepolitiki nabangochwepheshe ubukhali. ” 

Abasebenzi abangochwepheshe, labo sosayensi kanye nabanye abebehlale ngaphakathi kwe-ejensi iminyaka eminingi ngokulawulwa okuningi.

Ngaphakathi kwe-EPA, abasebenzi abangochwepheshe kuthiwa "banokungabaza nge-glyphosate," kepha lokho kungabaza "akwabiwe ubuholi be-EPA."

Lo mbiko uhlinzeka nangempendulo ngedumela likaMonsanto futhi uhlinzeka nangesixwayiso kuBayer, ebisanda kuvala ukuthengwa kweMonsanto emasontweni ambalwa ngaphambi kwezokuxhumana zikaJulayi 2018:

"Intuthuko eCalifornia nge-glyphosate ithinta umphakathi ... Inkampani iya njalo ku-'DEFCON 1 'ngenselelo encane evela emphakathini wezemvelo, wezifundo noma wesayensi."

"Ngisho naku-EPA kunokungazinzi 'ngokungahambisani kwakho nesayensi.'” 

Ngokombiko weHakluyt, isikhulu esineHhovisi Lezinhlelo Zezibulala-zinambuzane se-EPA sathi: “Kuyakhula ukungakhululeki kuleli hhovisi kulokho okubonakala njengokuphazamiseka kwesayensi okwenziwe yiMonsanto ukunikeza ukwethembeka kunoma yibuphi ubufakazi obungahambisani nombono wabo. Singavumelana nabo ukuthi ubufakazi obunjalo abufinyeleli, kepha lokho akusho ukuthi abunasisekelo. ”

Ngeminye imininingwane nokuvuselelwa kuyalandelwa @careygillam ku-Twitter.

April 30, 2019

Amahembe Wokudumisa NamaPolo - Ubufakazi Obengeziwe Bethonya LeSayensi Lubonakala Emaphephandabeni Asanda Kukhishwa eMonsanto

(Kubuyekezwe ngo-Ephreli 30, 2019 ngemibhalo emisha)

Amarekhodi amasha asanda kukhishwa eMonsanto akhombisa ubufakazi obusha bezinyathelo inkampani ezithathile ukuthonya izincwadi zesayensi njengengxenye yokuvikela amasu okuphepha kohlu lwababulali bokhula abaziwa kakhulu ngegama lomkhiqizo i-Roundup.

Obunye ubufakazi balokho ososayensi bakaMonsanto ababiza ngakho "Ukubhala isipoki" sekuvele kuvezwe ku- amadokhumenti yethulwe njengengxenye yokuqhubekayo izinkantolo ngokumelene neMonsanto, kepha amakhasi amaningana ezincwadi ze-imeyili azwakale esidlangalaleni ngoLwesithathu akhombisa inkuthazo yenkampani kanye nemikhosi yabasebenzi bangaphakathi yezenzo.

Isibonelo esisodwa esibalulekile esivezwe kuma-imeyili abhala imicimbi ngo-1999 nango-2000 lapho ososayensi beMonsanto, ochwepheshe bezobudlelwano nohulumeni nabanye abaphathi bebeqedela iphrojekthi yeminyaka eminingi yokuthuthukisa okuqukethwe okuzoshicilelwa ephephabhukwini lesayensi elizokhuthaza ukuphepha kwemithi yokubulala ukhula yenkampani. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukubamba iqhaza okukhulu kwabasebenzi bakwaMonsanto emsebenzini wokugcina, kepha akekho umsebenzi waseMonsanto owabizwa njengombhali. Ababhali ababaliwe kwakungososayensi abathathu - uGary Williams, Robert Kroes no-Ian Munro - ababengasebenzeli inkampani.

UWilliam Heydens, usosayensi omkhulu waseMonsanto, ubonakala kuma-imeyili ukuthi ubambe iqhaza elikhulu ekubhalweni kwephepha likaWilliams. Kwi-imeyili eyodwa yangoJulayi 30, 1999, wathumela uMunro uhlaka lombhalo wesandla wathi "usuhlume izinwele ezimpunga ezintsha ngesikhathi kubhalwa le nto…" Uphinde wabhala ukuthi ubenamathisela "umbhalo, amatafula nezinkomba" futhi wazise uMunro ukuthi “wonke umuntu eMonsanto uvumile ukukungeza njengombhali…”

The iphepha eliphumela sasinesihloko esithi "Ukuhlola ukuphepha nokuhlola ubungozi be-herbicide Roundup kanye nesithako sayo esisebenzayo, i-glyphosate, sabantu." Leli phepha lathi "ukusetshenziswa kwe-Roundup herbicide akuholeli emiphumeleni emibi ekuthuthukisweni, ekukhiqizeni kabusha, noma ezinhlelweni ze-endocrine" kubantu noma ezilwaneni. "Kuphethwe ukuthi, ngaphansi kwezimo ezisetshenziswayo nezilindelekile zokusetshenziswa, i-Roundup herbicide ayibeki impilo yabantu engcupheni."

IMonsanto ikhishiwe ukukhululwa kwezindaba ukhuluma ngobubanzi nokubaluleka kokutholwe yiphepha kepha akazange akhulume ngokubandakanyeka kososayensi bayo.

Iphepha elihlobene, elinesihloko esithi “Ukuhlolwa Kobungozi be-Ecotoxicological for Roundup Herbicide, ” futhi ebhalwe "ososayensi besithathu" uJohn Giesy, uStuart Dobson noKeith Solomon, kwalandela ezinyangeni ezimbalwa kamuva. Ababhali baluvumile usizo lukaMonsanto nge "Ukusekela kwezobuchwepheshe."

Ngokwamarekhodi enkampani, womabili la maphepha ayeyizibonelo zalokho iMonsanto eyakubiza ngokuthi "imodeli yokufinyelela yesayensi" okuhloswe ngayo ku- "Roundup FTO." I-FTO, njengoba imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto ikhombisa, ibiyisandla esincane sezinyathelo ezivikele “inkululeko yokusebenza” kwenkampani.

Ku-imeyili ngemuva kokushicilelwa kuka-Ephreli 2000 wephepha likaWilliams, isikhulu sezindaba zikahulumeni waseMonsanto uLisa Drake sichaze konke "ukusebenza kanzima" ososayensi bakaMonsanto, kufaka phakathi uHeydens, abakwenzayo emaphepheni "azimele".

"Ukushicilelwa ngochwepheshe abazimele bokuhlola okuphelele nokuningiliziwe kwezesayensi okwake kwabhalwa ku-glyphosate… kungenxa yokubekezela, ukusebenza kanzima nokuzinikela kweqembu labantu elilandelayo," kubhala uDrake. Wabe esebala abasebenzi abayisikhombisa beMonsanto, kubandakanya ososayensi benkampani abaphezulu uDonna Farmer noKatherine Carr kanye noHeydens. Iqembu lishayelwe ihlombe “ngomsebenzi wabo onzima ongaphezu kweminyaka emithathu wokuqoqwa kwedatha, ukubhala, ukubuyekeza nokwakha ubudlelwano nababhali bamaphepha.”

UDrake uphinde wagcizelela ukuthi kungani iphepha likaWilliams lalibaluleke kangaka ezinhlelweni zebhizinisi likaMonsanto: “Le ncwadi yezempilo yabantu ku-Roundup herbicide kanye noshicilelo oluhambisana nayo ku-ecotox nakwezemvelo nakanjani izothathwa njengesethenjwa" sokuphepha kwe-Roundup kanye ne-glyphosate, " kubhaliwe ku-imeyili sangomhla kaMeyi 25, 2000. "Uhlelo lwethu manje ukulusebenzisa ekuvikeleni izitshalo zeRoundup neRoundup Ready emhlabeni wonke nasekhonweni lethu lokuzihlukanisa ngokuncintisana nemithi ejwayelekile."

UCarr kamuva wabhala i-imeyili ebuza ukuthi amahembe e-poloup logo we-Roundup anganikezwa abantu abayisishiyagalombili abasebenza emaphepheni kaWilliams noGeisy “njengophawu lokubonga ngomsebenzi owenziwe kahle.”

Ukuphela kweminyaka yama-1990 kwakuyisikhathi esibucayi enkampanini ngoba iRoundup yayibhekene nokuhlolwa okwandayo njengoba ukukhathazeka kwanda phakathi kososayensi abazimele ababethola ubufakazi bokuthi imikhiqizo ingadala umdlavuza. IMonsanto ibisanda kukhipha imbewu eyi- "Roundup Ready" ebekezelela i-glyphosate eklanyelwe ukuvumela abalimi ukuthi bafafaze ama-herbicides ngqo ezitshalweni zokudla, futhi noma yikuphi ukukhathazeka kwezempilo okuhlobene nombulali wokhula kungavimbela ukukhula kwebhizinisi lembewu elisha lenkampani. Ngokwengeziwe, ilungelo lobunikazi lenkampani ku-glyphosate laliphelelwa yisikhathi ngonyaka ka-2000 kanti iMonsanto izobe ibhekene nokuncintisana okuvela kumikhiqizo ejwayelekile.

"Manje ukusebenza kanzima kwezindaba zomphakathi kuqala ukusebenzisa le mibhalo eyizikhombo ngokugcwele - yilapho iqhinga lezindaba zomphakathi liqala ukukhahlela umhlaba wonke," kubhala uDrake. “Ngizokuyekela ezandleni ezinekhono zikaLori Fisher ukuthi adlulise lezi zinyathelo ezilandelayo njengoba yena neqembu lonke besebenza ukufeza umphumela wabo omkhulu olandelayo. Ngiyaziqhenya ngokuba yingxenye yaleli thimba - okungakanani okuhle okwenziwe - sihalalisela bonke. ”

UHugh Grant kaMonsanto, ngaleso sikhathi owayeyisikhulu esiphezulu esesizobizwa ngokuthi yi-CEO kanye nosihlalo, wengeza udumo lwakhe, ukubhala nge-imeyili "Umsebenzi omuhle kakhulu lo, wenziwe kahle eqenjini, ngicela ungigcine ngazi njengoba uzokwakha imininingwane ye-PR ukuze uhambe nayo."

Le mibhalo yatholakala ngokutholwa ngabameli abamele izinkulungwane zezisulu zomdlavuza ezimangalela uMonsanto bethi ukutholakala kwabo kumakhemikhali okubulala ukhula enkampanini i-glyphosate kubangele ukuthi bakhe i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

UBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman, ongomunye wezinkampani zabameli abahamba phambili enkantolo, ukhiphe inqolobane yaleyo mibhalo etholakele kuleli sonto. Ziyingxenye yesitoko samakhasi acishe abe yizigidi eziyi-15 amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto aqoqelwe ukutholakala, amaningi awo asetshenzisiwe ezivivinyweni ezimbili zokuqala okumele ziphothulwe kanti eyesithathu iyaqhubeka manje eCalifornia. Le mibhalo isize abamangali ezivivinyweni ezimbili zokuqala bathola imiklomelo emikhulu yokulimala ebhekene neMonsanto.

Iphepha likaWilliams 2000, njengoba selaziwa kanjalo, selisebenze ngendlela uMonsanto abenethemba lokuthi lizosebenza ngayo. Abalawuli emhlabeni jikelele bakhombe leli phepha njengobufakazi bokuphepha kwe-glyphosate herbicides, kufaka phakathi i-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ku ukuhlolwa kwe-glyphosate yakamuva.

Monsanto ugcina ukuthi akekho umuntu ovela enkampanini owabhala iphepha likaWilliams 2000. Futhi inkampani ikhomba iqiniso lokuthi isigaba "Sokubonga" ekugcineni kwephepha likaWilliams sibonga "ososayensi abanobuthi kanye nabanye ososayensi eMonsanto abafake isandla esikhulu ekuthuthukiseni ukuhlolwa kokuchayeka nangezinye izingxoxo eziningi."

UMonsanto uphinde wakhomba ekubekweni kukaHeydens lapho athi wenza "iminikelo emincane yokuhlela" ephepheni.

Futhi nokho, kwakunguWilliams uqobo owathi ku-imeyili yenkampani yangaphakathi ngonyaka we-2015 ukuthi ososayensi beMonsanto kufanele "babhale ghost-bhala" iphepha elisha njengoba babenzile ngaphambili. IMonsanto ingakhokha ososayensi abangaphandle ukuthi "bahlele futhi basayine amagama abo" emsebenzini yena nabanye abazowubhala, kubhala uHeydens. "Khumbula ukuthi sasiphatha kanjalo uWilliam Kroes noMunro 2000." '

Ngokuphawuleka, kubonakala sengathi kunezibonelo eziningi zokubhalwa kwesipoki ekuxhumaneni kwangaphakathi kukaMonsanto. Ngo-2013, usosayensi wenkampani uJohn Vicini wabhalela asebenza nabo ngombhalo wesandla ayewulungiselela ngokusetshenziswa kwezilwane kwezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo. UVicini ubhale ukuthi wayehlose ukuwuthumela njengombhali osebenzisana naye uma engathola isifundiswa esivumayo ukuze sabelane ngokubhala noma avele “asibhekise kubo futhi abe umbhali nje oyisipoki.”

UVicini wabhala ukuthi wayecabanga ukuthi "isimo esikahle kakhulu" ukuthi sibonakale “njengephepha elingeyona ele-MON” kodwa wayekhathazekile ngokuthi amalungu obuhlakani "angahle angafuni ukuthatha nje okuthile angakhiqizanga bese eshaya amagama abo. it. ”

IMonsanto iyaqhubeka nokubhikisha ukuthi ayikaze ihlanganyele ekubhaleni imimoya, kepha kunzima ukuphikisana namazwi ososayensi babo.

Lawa namanye amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto abe yingxenye esemqoka yobufakazi obethulwe enkantolo yamacala omdlavuza weRoundup kuze kube manje. Icala lakamuva lifaka izithandani ezishadile u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod. Bobabili bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abasola ukuthi ibangelwe yiminyaka yabo yokuchayeka kwi-Roundup kaMonsanto. Abameli babo bavale icala labo ekuqaleni kwaleli sonto kanti iMonsanto iqala ukwethula ofakazi bayo bezokuvikela ngoMsombuluko.

Umnikazi weMonsanto waseGerman uBayer AG wabhekana naye abanikazi bamasheya abathukuthele ngoLwesihlanu emhlanganweni wonyaka wenkampani.

Kusukela ithenge iMonsanto ehlobo eledlule, inkampani ilahlekelwe ngaphezu kwama-euro ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-30 ngenani lamasheya ngenxa yamacala we-Roundup. Abamangali abangaphezu kwe-11,000 banamacala alinde iMonsanto, konke okusolakala ukuthi ukudalulwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula yenkampani kubanikeze umdlavuza.

April 25, 2019

Imibhalo emisha yeMonsanto idalula ukuxhumana okuthokomele nentatheli yeReuters

Besazi ngemibhalo esivele ikhishwe ukuthi intatheli yeReuters uKate Kelland ubeyisixhumanisi esiyinhloko seMonsanto emzameni wayo wokubukela phansi nokuhlambalaza ososayensi beWorld Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ababeka i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen engaba khona ngo-2015. unobufakazi obengeziwe bokuqina kokuxhumeka.

UKelland akazange abhale nje kuphela udaba lwango-2017 uMonsanto amcela ukuba alubhale ngqo ngendlela umphathi we-Monsanto uSam Murphey amcele ngayo ukuba ayibhale, (ngaphandle kokudalula kubafundi ukuthi uMonsanto wayengumthombo,) kepha manje sibona ubufakazi bokuthi uhlaka Indaba ehlukile uKelland ayenzile mayelana ne-glyphosate kwaba zilethwe eMonsanto  ngaphambi kokuthi ushicilelwe, umkhuba ovame ukubukelwa phansi yizikhungo zezindaba.

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi indaba ebhalwe nguKelland yathunyelwa nge-imeyili kuMurphey enesihloko esithi “Uhlaka lwami, oluyimfihlo.”

Indaba, eyayinesihloko esithi "Ucwaningo olusha ngombulali wokhula waseMonsanto ukuze angene kuvoti elibalulekile le-EU," yayimayelana nokutholwa kokuqala kocwaningo olungashicilelwanga ngusosayensi wase-Italiya olukhombisa ukuthi amagundane okuhlola avezwe ku-glyphosate emazingeni alingana nalezo ezivunyelwe kubantu awakhombisanga kubi kwasekuqaleni ukusabela. Uhlobo lokugcina ishicilelwe ngo-Ephreli 13, i-2017.

Futhi enye i-imeyili esanda kukhishwa Imininingwane yokuthi izigxivizo zeminwe zikaMonsanto zazingenani ezinye izindaba ezimbili zaseKelland. I-imeyili kaMashi 1, 2016 ikhuluma ngokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto Umkhankaso we- "Red Flag"  endabeni esivele ishicilelwe yeReuters eyayigxeka i-IARC kanye nesifiso sokuthonya indaba yesibili efanayo iReuters yayihlela. IRed Flag yinkampani ese-Dublin-based PR kanye ne-lobbying firm esebenza ukuvikela ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate futhi ikhuthaze imiyalezo ye-pro-glyphosate ngokusebenzisa abantu besithathu njengamaqembu abalimi.

Ngokwe-imeyili eyakhiwe kabusha, "kulandela ukubandakanyeka kweRed Flag ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezedlule, ucezu lokuqala lwalugxeka kakhulu i-IARC." I-imeyili iyaqhubeka: “Ungase futhi wazi ukuthi iRed Flag iyaxhumana neReuters mayelana nombiko wesibili ochungechungeni…”

Isikhathi esingaphezu kwenyanga kamuva, abakwaReuters bashicilela indaba kaKelland "Umbiko Okhethekile: Indlela i-World Health Organisation agency yomdlavuza edida ngayo abathengi." 

Lezo zambulo zilandela ukuvezwa ekuqaleni konyaka wezincwadi ze-imeyili ezichaza ukuthi uKelland wasiza kanjani uMonsanto ukuba aqhube indaba engamanga ngososayensi womdlavuza u-Aaron Blair endimeni yakhe njengenhloko yeqembu elisebenzayo le-IARC elahlukanisa i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen engenzeka. Ku-ternal Monsanto izincwadi yangomhla ka-Ephreli 27, 2017 ikhombisa ukuthi isikhulu esiphezulu seMonsanto uSam Murphey sathumela ukulandisa kwenkampani kuKelland nge indawo yesilayidi yamaphuzu okukhuluma nezingxenye zokufakwa kukaBlair ezingafakwanga enkantolo.

NgoJuni 14, 2017, uKelland wabhala indaba enempikiswano ngokususelwa kulokho athe “yimibhalo yasenkantolo,” lokho empeleni kwakuyimibhalo ayiphiwa nguMurphey. Ngoba imibhalo uKelland akhulume ngayo ayifakwanga ngempela enkantolo ibingatholakali esidlangalaleni ukuze ihlolwe amaqiniso ngabafundi. Ngokufaka ngamanga imininingwane ngokuthi isuselwa kumadokhumende asenkantolo wayegwema ukudalula iqhaza likaMonsanto ekuqhubeni le ndaba.

Lapho le ndaba iphuma, iveze uBlair njengokufihla "imininingwane ebalulekile" engatholi ukuxhumana phakathi kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza ovela e-IARC. UKelland ubhale ukuthi ukufakwa kwemali kukhombisile ukuthi uBlair "uthe imininingwane ibizoguqula ukuhlaziywa kwe-IARC" noma ngabe ukubuyekezwa ukubekwa kwangempela kukhombisa ukuthi uBlair akashongo lokho.

UKelland akazange axhumanise nemibhalo ayikhombile, okwenza abafundi bangakwazi ukuzibona ukuthi uphambuke kangakanani ekunembeni.

Indaba yathathwa yimithombo yezindaba emhlabeni jikelele, futhi kukhuthazwe yiMonsanto kanye nabalingani bemboni yamakhemikhali. Izikhangiso zeGoogle zaze zathengwa zaphakamisa le ndaba. Le ndaba iphinde yasetshenziswa yiMonsanto ukuhlasela i-IARC ezingxenyeni eziningi, kufaka phakathi umzamo weMonsanto ukwenza iCongress ihlwithe imali kusuka ku-IARC.

Akukho lutho olungalungile ngokwemvelo ekwamukeleni iziphakamiso zezindaba ezizuzisa izinkampani ezivela ezinkampanini uqobo. Kwenzeka ngaso sonke isikhathi. Kepha izintatheli kumele zikhuthalele ukwethula amaqiniso, hhayi inkulumo-ze yenkampani.

Umhleli weReuters uMike Williams uvikele umsebenzi kaKelland futhi wenqabile ukukhipha ukucaciswa noma ukulungiswa kocezu luka-Aaron Blair. Uthe "Bekungucucu omkhulu, futhi ngimi eduze kwawo ngokuphelele." Umhleli “wezokuziphatha” wakwaReuters u-Alix Freedman naye uyayisekela indaba kaKelland kaBlair, yize kunobufakazi bokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto nokungadalulwa kwalokhu kubandakanyeka kubafundi. "Siyaziqhenya ngakho futhi simi ngemuva," kusho uFreedman nge-imeyili.

Ngokwami, ngichithe iminyaka eyi-17 ngiyintatheli eReuters ngifaka iMonsanto futhi ngishaqekile ngalokhu kwephulwa kwezindinganiso zobuntatheli. Kuyaphawuleka ikakhulukazi ukuthi u-Alix Freedman ungumuntu ofanayo ongitshele ukuthi angivunyelwe ukubhala ngezifundo eziningi ezizimele zesayensi ye-glyphosate kaMonsanto ekhombisa imiphumela emibi.

Okungenani, uKelland bekufanele athembeke kubafundi futhi avume ukuthi iMonsanto yayingumthombo wakhe - kuleyo ndaba, futhi ngokusobala abanye abaningi. AbakwaReuters bakweleta umhlaba - ne-IARC - ukuxolisa.

Ngemininingwane engaphezulu ngalesi sihloko, bona lo mbhalo.

 

April 24, 2019

IMonsanto Iphuma Ekushintsheni Ekudluliseni Isinqumo sikaJohnson Verdict

Phakathi ku ukufakwa enkantolo okusha, IMonsanto ibeke uhlu olude lwezizathu zokuthi inkantolo yokudlulisa amacala yaseCalifornia kufanele iguqule umklomelo wokulimala ongamadola ayizigidi ezingama- $ 78.5 okhishwe ngale nkampani kanye nomnikazi wayo waseGerman uBayer AG ngehlobo eledlule ecaleni lokuqala lomdlavuza iRoundup elizoqala ukuqulwa.

Leli cala, uJohnson v. Monsanto, laphela ngomklomelo wamajaji ayi- $ 289 million kummangali u-Lee Johnson, owayengumgcini wezindawo zesikole wasenyakatho yeCalifornia. Ijaji kuleli cala kamuva lanciphisa lo mklomelo waba ngu- $ 78 million. Ijaji libuye layalela uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhe u- $ 519,772.18 ezindlekweni zommangali.

UMonsanto uphika kafushane ngokuthi leli cala "laliphawuleka ngokukhishwa kobufakazi obubalulekile nasekuhlanekezelweni kwesayensi ethembekile." Akekho noyedwa umlawuli kazwelonke noma wamazwe omhlaba oke waphetha ngokuthi le mikhiqizo ibanga umdlavuza kubantu, futhi "isinqumo senkantolo kanye nomonakalo okhishiwe ngeke
ibuyisene nomthetho noma isayensi ezwakalayo, ”kusho le nkampani ngamafuphi.

Lezi zingxabano zivela ngesikhathi isikhulu esiphezulu seBayer uWerner Baumann elungiselela ukubhekana nabatshalizimali abanganelisekanga emhlanganweni wamasheya wonyaka wenkampani ngoLwesihlanu. Le nkampani ilahlekelwe cishe ama-euro ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-37 ngenani lemakethe selokhu kukhishwe isinqumo seJohnson yijaji elivumelanayo ngo-Agasti 10.

Phakathi kwezizathu zokuthi isinqumo senkantolo kufanele sichithwe, uMonsanto uthi “isinqumo senkantolo ebusweni bakhe sikhombisa uthando nokubandlulula;” "Izimpikiswano ezingafanele" zabameli bakaJohnson "zishise" ijaji; futhi isinqumo sejaji sokuklomelisa uJohnson ngamaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-33 zamaRandi ngomonakalo “ongeyona eyezomnotho” esikhathini esizayo “asisekelwa ubufakazi” obethulwe ngesikhathi kuqulwa icala lokuthi isimo sikaJohnson besingasekho futhi bekungalindelekile ukuthi aphile isikhathi eside.

Ijaji lecala ecaleni likaJohnson, iJaji leNkantolo eNkulu yaseSan Francisco uSuzanne Bolanos, wabonakala ekulungele ngo-Okthoba owedlule ukuthi avumele isicelo sikaMonsanto sokuqulwa kwecala elisha, akhiphe isinqumo esasizobekwa eceleni. Ekugcineni usenqabile leso sicelo, kepha wehlisile ingxenye yenhlawulo yejaji kusuka ku- $ 250 million kuya ku- $ 39 million.

UMonsanto uthe kungumfushane wokudluliswa kwamacala ukuthi isinqumo sokugcina seJaji Bolanos sivele “ngemuva kwesinqumo seJaji
umkhankaso wobudlelwano bomphakathi obungajwayelekile futhi obuhlelanayo ”ngabameli kuleli cala kanye nabameli bakaJohnson.

"Okusemqoka," kusho uMonsanto ngamafuphi, ukuthi abukho ubufakazi bokuthi iMonsanto yayinangempela
Ukwazi ukuthi ama-herbicides asuselwa ku-glyphosate abangela umdlavuza. Futhi akubanga khona, lapho ukuvumelana kwesayensi, okwamukelwa ngokungaguquguquki yi-EPA nabanye abalawuli emhlabeni jikelele, kuphikisana nalesi siphetho. Kwakungeyona into embi ngabalawuli ukuthi bafinyelele kulesi sinqumo, futhi kwakungeyona into embi ngayo
IMonsanto ukwabelana ngombono wabo ngesayensi. ”

UJohnson unxenxa umklomelo wokugcina, efuna ama- $ 289 wezigidi ezigcwele ezinikezwe amajaji. Umfushane kaJohnson kulindeleke ngenyanga ezayo.

Ngokwehlukana, abameli be- U-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, bobabili abane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, baphumuze icala labo ngoLwesibili. 

Ekuphawuleni kwakhe kokugcina ummeli wabamangali uBrent Wisner wabeka izindleko umdlavuza ezilethwe yiPilliods, futhi wabeka ingcebo uMonsanto ayizuzile.

Inani likaMonsanto lalingama- $ 7.8 billion ku-2018, utshele ama-jurors, ngokuthengiswa okuphelele kwamakhemikhali ezolimo afana ne-Roundup isamba esingu- $ 3.7 billion ngo-2017 ngenzuzo eyizigidi ezingama- $ 892 million.

“Ngalokho, Mnumzane, ngiyabonga kakhulu ngesikhathi sakho,” kusho uWisner. "Abamangali baphumule."

Akusekho ukuqulwa kwamacala ngaphambi kwejaji kuze kube ngoMsombuluko lapho uMonsanto ehlelelwe ukuqala ukwethula ofakazi bokuzivikela.

Abameli bazo zombili izinhlangothi bazobe bephikisana enkantolo ngoLwesine - ngaphandle kokuba khona kwejaji - ngesicelo esenziwe nguMonsanto ngesinqumo esiqondisiwe esivuna sona. Lezi zinhlangothi zombili zizobuye zixoxe ngemiyalo ehlongozwayo yamajaji ukuze kubhungwe.

April 22, 2019

Isilingo seRoundup Esibandakanya Izithandani Ezishadile NeCancer Ekusondele Ukuphela

(Okulotshiwe kusuka ezinkambisweni zanamuhla) 

Njengoba isivivinyo somdlavuza wakamuva seRoundup singena evikini lesihlanu namuhla, abameli bezithandani ezishadile zika  U-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod base bezophela ukwethulwa ngqo kwecala labo, elizoqulwa eNkantolo eNkulu yase-Alameda County e-Oakland, eCalifornia. Womabili la ma-Pilliods athuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abathi ibangelwa ukusetshenziswa kwabo okuthe xaxa kwe-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto.

Expert ufakazi uChadi Nabhan, udokotela we-hematologist nodokotela we-oncologist owayeyisikhulu sezokwelapha seCardinal Health eChicago kuze kube muva nje ejoyine i-Aptitude Health, uthathe lesi sikhundla ngoMsombuluko ngobufakazi obenabele ngoLwesibili. Abameli babamangali banobufakazi obengeziwe bokuletha kuma-jurors ngokufakwa okurekhodwe ngevidiyo ngaphambi kokuvula icala labo. Abameli beMonsanto kulindeleke ukuthi banikeze ofakazi babo ukuqala ngesonto elizayo. Izimpikiswano zokuvala kulindeleke ngoMeyi 6.

NgoLwesine olwedlule, amajaji azwile ubufakazi obungokomzwelo kusuka e-Alva nase-Alberta mayelana nokuthi umdlavuza uzishintshe kanjani izimpilo zabo. U-Alva watholakala ngo-2011 futhi ubelokhu enikezwa imijikelezo eminingi yokwelashwa ngenkathi u-Alberta Pilliod elaliswe esibhedlela ephindelela selokhu axilongwa ngo-2015. AmaPilliods asebenzisa iRoundup njalo kusukela maphakathi nawo-1970 kuze kube yiminyaka embalwa edlule ezindaweni eziningi ababenazo. Lezi zithandani zithi zikhethe iRoundup ngoba zikholwa wukuthi kuphephile kuzona nakwezilwane zasendle ezisendaweni yazo.

Abazange bagqoke izingubo zokuzivikela, bafakaza, ngoba bakholelwa ukuthi izikhangiso ezikhuthaza ukuphepha kwe-herbicide.

Nakhu ukushintshana phakathi kommeli uMike Miller nommangali u-Alberta Pilliod:

Miller:  Ngabe uyifundile ilebula le-Roundup?
UPilliod:  Yebo.
Miller: Ngabe ilebula le-Roundup likutshele ukuthi awukwazi ukugqoka izikhindi?
UPilliod:  Cha
Miller: Ngabe ilebula le-Roundup likutshele ukuthi awukwazi ukugqoka ama-flip-flops?
UPilliod: Cha
Miller: Ngabe ilebula le-Roundup likutshele ukuthi ugqoke amagilavu?
UPilliod: Cha
Miller: Ngabe ikutshele ukuthi ugqoke imaski?
UPilliod: Cha
Miller: Ngabe sasinaso isexwayiso kuso ngengozi yomdlavuza?
UPilliod: Cha
Miller: I-Alberta, uma iMonsanto ibizoxwayisa ukuthi kunengozi yomdlavuza ngeRoundup, ngabe ubuyisebenzisile?
UPilliod: Cha
Miller:  Uma kukhona umuntu okutshele ukuthi kunezifundo ze-carcinogenicity ezikhombisa ukuhlangana ne
i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma neRoundup, ngabe ngabe usebenzise i-Roundup?
UPilliod: Cha. Ngicabange ukuthi kuphephe ngempela ukusisebenzisa. Ngatshela umyeni wami ukuthi kunjengamanzi kashukela.
Miller: Kungani ukholelwa ukuthi iRoundup iphephe kangaka?
UPilliod: Ngenxa yezikhangiso. Izikhangiso zingenze ngaba nomuzwa wokuthi iphephe kakhulu.

Icala likaPilliod yisigameko sesithathu sokufaka izisulu zomdlavuza kuMonsanto nomnikazi wayo omusha uBayer AG. IMonsanto ilahlekelwe zombili izivivinyo zangaphambilini futhi ibhekene nemali engaphezulu kwezigidi ezingama- $ 150 emonakalweni wokulimala kusuka kuzinqumo ezihlanganisiwe. Abanye abamangali abangu-11,000 XNUMX banezimangalo ezisalindile. Wonke amacala athi ababulali bokhula baseMonsanto baka-glyphosate babangela umdlavuza nokuthi uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka ehlanganisa izingozi.

April 15, 2019

Izisulu Zomdlavuza Ukufakaza Kuleli Sonto Ekuvivinyweni Kwe-Roundup

Isilingo sakamuva somdlavuza weRoundup singena evikini lesine namuhla njengabameli bezithandani ezishadile zika U-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod baqhubeke nokubeka ubufakazi abathi bukhombisa ukuthi indoda nomfazi bobabili bahlakulele i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokusebenzisa kwabo isikhathi eside iMonsanto's Roundup herbicide.

Oyedwa noma bobabili kulindeleke ukuthi bathathe lesi sikhundla ngoLwesine batshele ama-jurors ama-akhawunti abo omdlavuza asewathathile ezimpilweni zabo. Laba bobabili basebenzise imithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto iminyaka eminingi, bafafaza izinsuku ezilinganiselwa ku-1,512 sezizonke izakhiwo ezine ezihlukene. Ubufakazi babo buzolandela ubufakazi obuqoshwe ngevidiyo abameli babamangali bethula ofakazi abengeziwe kuleli sonto.

Abameli bommangali bahlela ukuthi baqhubeke nokuvula icala labo ngesonto elizayo, banikeze abameli abamele iMonsanto nomnikazi wayo waseGerman uBayer AG ithuba lokuletha ochwepheshe nabanye ofakazi abazonikeza ubufakazi bokuvikelwa.

Icala likaPilliod yisilingo sesithathu somdlavuza weRoundup. AmaJaji emacaleni amabili okuqala atholakele abamangali, avumelana nezinsolo zokuthi ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto glyphosate kubanga umdlavuza nokuthi iMonsanto isebenze ngokuzikhandla ukufihla imininingwane ngobungozi bemikhiqizo yayo amashumi eminyaka.

Izinkulungwane zamacala ezengeziwe zilinde iMonsanto. Ngesonto eledlule iJaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria, owengamele amacala angaba ngu-800, uyalele abameli bakaBayer nabamangali ukuthi bangene ezingxoxweni zokulamula maqondana nokuxazululwa okungaba khona.

Ngaphambi kokuthi amajaji amiswe isonto ngoLwesine olwedlule babuzwa ubufakazi mayelana nezinkinga "zokumunca dermal" nge-Roundup namanye ama-herbicides asuselwa ku-glyphosate nokuthi ukwakheka okuvamile iMonsanto kuthengiswa kuqukethe isithako esibizwa ngokuthi yi-POEA, ikhemikhali elinobuthi elitholakala ukuthi linamandla aphindwe ngama-40 kune-glyphosate iyodwa. Abalawuli abanjenge-Environmental Protection Agency abadingi ukuthi iMonsanto ihlinzeke ngezifundo zesikhathi eside ekwakhiweni okuyikho okuthengisayo, kufaka phakathi nalabo abane-POEA, evinjelwe eYurophu.

Ufakazi wommangali uWilliam Sawyer, oyisazi sobuthi obunobuthi, utshele amajaji ukuthi kanye nemikhiqizo ye-POEA Monsanto yokubulala ukhula ithwala ukungcola okuyingozi, njenge-formaldehyde. Sekukonke, i-Roundup icishe ibe ngama-50 ngaphezulu kwe-genotoxic kune-glyphosate iyodwa, kufakazela uSawyer.

Ubuye watshela amajaji ukuthi lo mkhiqizo ungena kanjani kalula esikhunjeni somuntu, noma ngabe umuntu ofafaza i-herbicide ugqoke ihembe elinemikhono emide noma ijini.

“Uma umuntu ejuluka futhi lawo mabhulukwe enomswakama, lokho-ke kunikeza uhlobo lomsele womgwaqo
impahla efuthwe engutsheni yokugeleza ngengubo emanzi iye esikhunjeni esimanzi. Futhi kwandisa lokho esikubiza ngobuningi bokuchayeka esikhunjeni ... ” USawyer wethule ubufakazi.

Lapho exoxa ngezifundo zokumunca isikhumba, uSawyer wethule ubufakazi bokuthi ngokujwayelekile amazinga wokumunca isikhumba esikhunjeni somuntu kwenziwa ngokusebenzisa ikhemikhali esikhunjeni esithathwe kwi-cadaver yomuntu noma ezicutshini ezisuswe ezigulini ezihlinzwa. Isikhumba bese sipholile ukugcina ukusebenza. Kepha ngokuhlolwa kokumuncwa komkhiqizo wayo i-Roundup imikhiqizo, uSawyer uthe uMonsanto wenza ilabhorethri ebhaka amasampula esikhumba ngaphambi kokufaka umuthi wokubulala ukhula ekuhlolweni kokumunca, ngemuva kwalokho amazinga okubikwa amunca ukuthi asondele ku-zero.

Lapho ephekwa ngemibuzo, ummeli waseBayer uphakamise ukuthi uSawyer avume ukuthi akaqinisekisiwe yi-American Board of Toxicology, nokuthi amaPilliods ayengakha i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngaphandle kokuvezwa yiRoundup.

April 12, 2019

IJaji Lenza I-oda Elisemthethweni Lezazi ZaseBayer Mediation With Cancer

Ngemuva kwesonto lika izingxoxo ezingemuva kwesigcawu, Ijaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria ukhiphe okusemthethweni ukulamula ukufuna ukuxazululwa phakathi kweBayer AG nabameli abamele izinkulungwane zezisulu zomdlavuza ezimangalela uMonsanto bethi ukutholakala kwabo emithini yokubulala ukhula iRoundup yenkampani kubangele izifo zabo.

IBayer, eyathenga iMonsanto ngoJuni wonyaka odlule, ithembise ukuthi izolwa ngamandla nale nkantolo, yize yalahlekelwa ngamacala amabili okuqala ezigwebeni zamajaji kanye nemiklomelo emikhulu yokulimala ebhekene neMonsanto. A kuqulwa icala lesithathu manje ise-Oakland, eCalifornia.

Kepha uChabria ubone ngokwanele futhi ufuna ukuhambisa amaqembu eduze kwesivumelwano, uma kungenzeka. Umyalelo kaChhabria "wokulamula okuyimfihlo" uza ngemuva kokuthi amajaji anikeze ummangali ecaleni lesibili, u-Edwin Hardeman, imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 80.2. Ijaji elihlukile enkantolo ehlukile ngaphansi kwejaji elihlukile ehlobo eledlule linikeze umninikhaya waseCalifornia amadola ayizigidi ezingama- $ 289, imali leyo kamuva yehliselwa ku- $ 78 million.

“Amaqembu kufanele aphakamise umlamuli esitatimendeni sokuphathwa kwamacala abo; uma bengavumelani, iNkantolo izokhetha umuntu, ”kubhala ijaji ngomyalelo walo.

Bayer ithe izohambisana ngezingxoxo zokulamula kepha kusagxilwe ekuvikeleni ukuphepha kwama-glyphosate-based herbicides enkantolo.

Isinyathelo sikaChabbria sokulamula siza ngemuva kokuthi enikeze uMonsanto icala elihlukaniswe kabili elabunciphisa kakhulu ubufakazi bommeli bommangali abakwazi ukubethula kumajaji. Izingqapheli zabona ukuthi icala likaHardeman lalizuzisa kakhulu ekuvikeleni kukaMonsanto, kepha inkampani ayikwazanga ukunqoba ubufakazi besayensi obubopha imikhiqizo yayo nomdlavuza kanye nemibhalo yangaphakathi yabameli babamangali abathi ikhombisa ukuthi inkampani ifihle izingozi zokubulala ukhula kwayo kubathengi nakubalawuli.

IJaji uChhabria, owengamele amacala amaningi (MDL) ahlanganisa amacala angaphezu kuka-800 ezinkulungwaneni ezifakiwe, uthe ushiya usuku lokuqulwa kwecala langoMeyi 20 kulokho obekungaba yisivivinyo sesine somdlavuza weRoundup. Amacala amaningi afakwe ezungeze i-United States adluliselwe ohlelweni lwenkantolo yenhlangano i-MDL, esetshenziselwa ukwenza lula nokuhlanganisa ukuqhutshwa kwamacala ngaphambi kokutholwa kwamacala kanye nokutholwa, kepha manje kuzobuyiselwa ezifundeni zakubo ukuze ziphathwe.

“INkantolo inqume ukuthi, okwamanje ekuqhubeni icala, izinsizakusebenza zamaqembu kanye neNkantolo zisetshenziswe kangcono ekuhleleni amacala asele ku-MDL. Lokhu kufaka phakathi ukunquma ukuthi yimaphi amacala okufanele achithwe, kunqunywe ukuthi yimaphi amacala okumele abuyiselwe enkantolo yezwe, nokulungiselela
amacala asele ukuze abuyiselwe ezifundeni zakubo ukuyoqulwa kwamacala ezinkantolo, ”kubhala uChhabria.

UChhabria usethe ukulalelwa kukaMeyi 22 ukuxoxa ngezinyathelo ezilandelayo zamacala e-MDL.

Khonamanjalo, abameli becala likaPilliod v. Monsanto elizoqulwa eNkantolo eNkulu yase-Alameda County e-Oakland babenosuku lokuphumula ngoLwesihlanu kungazange kuhlelwe ukuthi kuqulwe icala lini. Ijaji lichithe leli sonto lizwa ngososayensi / ofakazi abangongoti bechaza ucwaningo abathi lukhombisa ukuthi ama-herbicides asuselwa e-glyphosate abangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, uhlobo lomdlavuza oluhlukunyezwa ngabamangali, umbhangqwana oshadile u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod.

Ubufakazi kuleli sonto bufaka nokuhlolwa kwevidiyo kowayengusosayensi wezobuthi waseMonsanto UMark Martens kanye noWilliam Reeves, isihloko sakhe sithi “Umholi Wokuphathwa Kwezinkinga Zempilo Nokuphepha Emhlabeni Wonke” eBayer Crop Science.

April 8, 2019

I-Bayer Yenza Ibhidi ye "Trust" Phakathi Nesilingo Sesithathu Somdlavuza weMonsanto

UBayer AG, othenge iMonsanto ehlobo eledlule, kusho uMsombuluko ukuthi kwakwenza izifundo zesayensi zitholakale ukuze zihlolisiswe ngumphakathi ngomzamo wokulwa nokukhathazeka okukhulayo mayelana nokuphepha kwemikhiqizo ye-herbicide esuselwa ku-Monsanto.

"Ukwenza izinto obala kuyisisekelo sokwethenjwa, ngakho-ke ukwenza izinto obala kakhulu kuyinto enhle kubathengi, abenzi bezinqubomgomo kanye namabhizinisi, kusho uLiam Condon, umengameli wesigaba seBayer sesayensi yezitshalo, esitatimendeni. Uthe ezokuphepha yizona ezihamba phambili kule nkampani.

Ukuphawula kuza njengoba ingcindezi ikhuphuka ekuphathweni kweBayer njengoba cishe abantu abayi-11,000 bemangalela iMonsanto bethi ama-herbicides asuselwa e-glyphosate afana ne-Roundup enza i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kanti iMonsanto ifihle izingozi futhi yaxhaphaza irekhodi lesayensi. Isivivinyo sokuqala somdlavuza seRoundup siholele ekutheni kukhishwe isinqumo samajaji esimalunga nezigidi ezingama- $ 289 kumonakalo owenziwe eMonsanto, yize ijaji kamuva lehlisa lokho kwaba ngu- $ 78 million. Icala lesibili elinjalo laphela ngenyanga edlule ngesinqumo sejaji lama- $ 80.2 wezigidi ezibhekene neMonsanto. Icala lesithathu liyaqhubeka manje.

Ngesonto eledlule iJaji lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria utshele abameli baseBayer nabameli babamangali ukuthi angathanda ukuthi izinhlangano zingene ekulamuleni ukuze kuxoxiswane ngokuthi kungenzeka yini ukuhlala. Ushiye phansi icala lesine elizoqala ngoMeyi.

UMonsanto noBayer bayaziphika lezi zinsolo futhi bathi isisindo sesayensi sisekela ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate herbicides. Baphika nezimangalo zokuthi ososayensi bezinkampani babhala amaphepha esayensi abonakala ezimele futhi balisebenzisa ngenye indlela irekhodi lesayensi.

“Ngokwenza imininingwane yethu yezokuphepha enemininingwane yesayensi itholakale, sikhuthaza noma ngubani onentshisekelo yokuzibonela ukuthi indlela yethu yezokuphepha ibanzi kangakanani. Samukela ithuba lokuhlanganyela ezingxoxweni ukuze sakhe ukuzethemba okukhulu kwisayensi yomsindo, ”kusho uCondon.

Le nkampani ithe ihlinzeka ngokufinyelela emibikweni yocwaningo lwe-glyphosate yezokuphepha eyi-107 yeBayer efakwe kwi-European Food Safety Authority njengengxenye yenqubo yokugunyazwa kwezidakamizwa e-European Union. Izifundo ziyatholakala kuBayer ipulatifomu yokubonisa ngale.

Izindaba ezivela eBayer ziza ngaphambi komhlangano wabaninimasheya wangomhla ka-Ephreli 26 lapho abanye abatshalizimali befuna inhloko ye-CEO yeBayer uWerner Baumann ngokuhola inkampani ekutholakaleni kweMonsanto. Abaphathi abaphezulu bakaMonsanto bahamba nezigidi zamadola ngamaphakeji okuphuma ngaphambi nje kokuhlolwa kokuqala komdlavuza weRoundup, beshiya iBayer iphethe isikhwama sokulahlekelwa ngamacala kanye nokwaziswa okungalungile. Kusukela ngehlobo eledlule, inkampani ibone ukufuduka kwamakhasimende njengoba abathengisi, amadolobha, izifunda zezikole nabanye bethi bayahlehla emithini yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto.

Njengoba iBayer igxile ekuthumeleni imiyalezo ngaphandle kwegumbi lasenkantolo, udokotela wezifo ezithathelana ngezifo U-Beate Ritz, uprofesa e-University of California Los Angeles School of Public Health, kulindeleke ukuthi asukume namuhla ePilliod v. Monsanto, icala lesithathu lomdlavuza weRoundup. URitz ufakazile ezivivinyweni ezimbili zangaphambilini ukuthi ukuhlaziywa kwakhe kwezifundo eziningi zesayensi kukhombisa ukuthi kukhona "Isixhumanisi esithembekile" phakathi kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa ku-glyphosate efana neMonsanto's Roundup kanye ne-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Icala lamanje lilethwe ngu-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, umbhangqwana oshadile bobabili abane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abasola ukuthi kungenxa yeminyaka yokusebenzisa i-Roundup.

Ukulandela uRitz kuzoba ubufakazi obuqhamuka kuDennis Weisenburger, udokotela wezifo onguchwepheshe wokutadisha izimbangela ze-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Weisenburger wafakaza ecaleni lika-Edwin Hardeman v. Monsanto lokuthi iRoundup “iyimbangela enkulu” yomdlavuza kubantu abadalulwayo.

Khonamanjalo, abameli babamangali bayaqhubeka nokukhathazeka ngalokho abakholelwa ukuthi yi “geofencing” nguMonsanto.   IGeofencing inqubo yokukhangisa edumile eletha imiyalezo / okuqukethwe okuthile kunoma ngubani osendaweni ethile ebekwe yinkampani noma iqembu elikhokhela isikhangiso. Indawo ingaba ncane kakhulu, ibanga elingamamayela elizungeze ikheli elithile, ngokwesibonelo. Noma ngubani okule ndawo ekhethiwe esebenzisa uhlelo lokusebenza ku-smart phone - njengohlelo lokusebenza lwesimo sezulu noma umdlalo - uzobe esethunyelwa isikhangiso. Abantu abaqondisiwe akudingeki ukuthi bafune imininingwane; kuvele nje kwi-smart phone yabo.

Abameli bommangali baphakamise lolu daba ecaleni likaHardeman, futhi babekhathazekile ngokuthi uMonsanto ubephusha imiyalezo kuma-jurors ngokufaka i-geofcing ecaleni lokuqala lomdlavuza we-Roundup, elethwe ngunogada uDewayne “Lee” Johnson.

Odabeni lukaPilliod, lolu daba ludingidwe ngoLwesine enkantolo njengoba abameli babamangali befuna isinqumo senkantolo sokuvimbela uMonsanto ngaleli qhinga, kodwa ijaji lalinokungabaza futhi lenqaba ukukhipha umyalo onjalo.

Nansi ingxenye yokushintshana. Konke kungabonakala kufayela le- okulotshiwe. 

ISAZI ESISEBENZISIWE SE-PLAINTIFFS: UMhlonishwa, ngicabanga ukuthi kukhona oyedwa - futhi ngithola iphuzu lakho. Ngicabanga nje ukucacisa into eyiqiniso yenqubo eyodwa. Ngakwesokudla? Ukube bengingaya e-joror mathupha bese ngithi kuwe, “Hheyi, Juror Number 3, izinto zikaMonsanto zidala umdlavuza futhi zonke lezi zifundo ziyakukhombisa,” ngiqonde ukuthi, lokho kungaba yiphutha. Ngaso leso sikhathi. Lokho kuyaphazamisa amajaji. Ngakwesokudla? Manje uma benza into efanayo - uma ngenza into efanayo ngokukhomba ucingo lwawo wonke umuntu kulenkantolo noma wonke umuntu ocela kule nkantolo bese bephusha leyo mininingwane, lowo myalezo ofanayo kubo ocingweni lwabo - futhi kwenzekani - Mina angazi ukuthi usebenzise ifoni yakho ukwenza lolu hlobo lwezinjongo, kepha, ngokwesibonelo, lapho ngibheka uhlelo lwami lwe-ESPN futhi ngibheka izikolo zethimba le-UCLA lamanzi, noma yini, uyazi, kuncane izikhangiso ezivelayo.

INKANTOLO: Impela.

Mnu. WISNER: Futhi lezo zikhangiso zithi "Ijaji likahulumeni lithi Roundup iphephile." Yilokho uhlobo lwezinto
siyabona. Lokhu sikubone kwenzeka ngamandla kakhulu ecaleni likaJohnson. Amajaji amaningi ngesikhathi se-voir dire asho ukuthi babenazo lezi zinto zicindezelwa kubo ngokushesha nje lapho bengena esakhiweni. Futhi-ke noma ngabe iMonsanto iyakwenza noma ayikwenzi lokho, ngicabanga ukuthi uma kunjalo, kufanele kube njalo
akuvunyelwe. Lokho akulona iphuzu lokuchitshiyelwa kokuqala. Lokho manje sekuqonde ngqo kubantu lokho
bayazi ukuthi abakwazi ukukhuluma nabo.

INKANTOLO: Futhi ungicela ukuthi nginikeze inhloso ethile engingazi ukuthi ikhona futhi ikhona
ukuzibamba kwangaphambili. Ngiqonde ukuthi, ubuchwepheshe busibeke ezindaweni mhlawumbe ebesingakaze sicabange ukuthi buzohamba… Ngicabanga ukuthi uma bengikhetha izinhlangothi, ngingakukholwa lokho. Kepha angikwazi ukukhetha izinhlangothi.

April 5, 2019

Ukulingwa Komdlavuza weRoundup Kuthatha Ikhefu, Ubufakazi Buqala kabusha NgoMsombuluko

Icala likaPilliod v. Monsanto lalisekhefu ngoLwesihlanu, usuku olwalubizwa ngokuthi "mnyama" kuwo wonke amaqembu.

Ubufakazi buqala kabusha ngoMsombuluko nabameli babamangali abethula uchwepheshe ongufakazi we-UCLA UDkt Beate Ritz.

April 4, 2019

Ijaji laseMelika lifuna iMonsanto neBayer ukuthi baqale izingxoxo zokuxazulula izinkinga zomdlavuza weRoundup

IJaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria ucela uMonsanto nomnikazi wayo omusha uBayer AG ukuthi baqale ukuxoxisana nabameli bezisulu zomdlavuza abamangalele uMonsanto bethi i-Roundup yayo kanye namanye ama-herbicides asuselwa e-glyphosate enza i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Isinyathelo sikaChhabria siza ngemuva komklomelo wamajaji ayi- $ 80 million wabanxephezeli u-Edwin Hardeman ngenyanga edlule enkantolo yakhe. Futhi ngummangali wehlobo eledlule uDewayne “Lee” Johnson wanikezwa amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-289 ngamajaji enkantolo yezwe, yize ijaji kulelo cala lehlisa umonakalo laya ezigidini ezingama-78 zamaRandi.

U-Chhabria wayexwayise ngokuthi angahle athathe isinyathelo esinjalo, kodwa waveza nokuthi uzolinda kuze kuphothulwe ukuqulwa kwamacala amathathu ngaphambi kokufuna isivumelwano. Isivivinyo sesithathu somdlavuza seRoundup sisanda kuqhubeka, noma kunjalo.

Njengoba ecindezela amaqembu ukuthi axazulule, uChabbria ushiye usuku lokuqulwa kwecala lwangoMeyi 20 obelubekelwe ukuqulwa kwecala likahulumeni elilandelayo. Leli cala, UStevick v. Monsanto  yafakwa ngo-Ephreli 2016 ngu-Elaine Stevick, one-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, nomyeni wakhe uChristopher Stevick. Lezi zithandani bezihambele izingxenye ezithile zecala likaHardeman.

Abamangali ababalelwa ku-11,000 bamangalele iMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer ehlobo eledlule. Ngaphezu kwalezi zinsolo ezingama-800 zibhekwe yiChabria njengezimbangi zamazwe amaningi. Kusalindwe izinkulungwane ezimbalwa ezinkantolo zombuso ezweni lonke.

Izingqapheli ziye zacabanga ukuthi ukukhokhelwa komhlaba wonke kungasebenza phakathi kwama- $ 3 billion kuya ku- $ 5 billion.

IBayer inananise nesimo seMonsanto sokuma isikhathi eside sokuthi i-Roundup namanye ama-herbicides asuselwa eglyphosate ngaphakathi kwephothifoliyo yezinkampani aphephile futhi awubangeli umdlavuza. Kepha abatshalizimali eBayer bebelokhu bexaka isitoko senkampani futhi egxeka isikhulu esiphezulu seBayer uWerner Baumann  ngokukhokha amaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 63 ngeMonsanto kuphela ukuze ube nesibopho sezikweletu zamacala amakhulu. Abanye banxenxa ivoti lokungamethembi uBaumann emhlanganweni wonyaka wenkampani ohlelelwe u-Ephreli 26. Amasheya enkampani alahlekelwe cishe ngamaphesenti angama-40 ngenani - cishe ama- $ 39 billion - selokhu kwaqulwa icala likaJohnson ehlobo eledlule.

Khonamanjalo, bekukhona izinhlansi zakuqala ezindiza ecaleni lomdlavuza iRoundup eliqhubeka manje eNkantolo Ephakeme yase-Alameda County. Uma kunjalo, umbhangqwana oshadile u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod bobabili bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abasola ukuthi ibangelwe ukusetshenziswa kwabo okuvamile kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto.

Ummeli wabamangali uMike Miller ucele iJaji uWinifred Smith ukuthi khipha i-oda lokuvimbela lesikhashana ngokumelene neMonsanto ngokukhangisa okunzima inkampani ebikwenza ukuvikela ukuphepha kwemithi yokubulala ukhula yayo, kufaka phakathi isikhangiso esigcwele ikhasi kuWall Street Journal ngoMashi 25, usuku lapho i-voir dire yokukhetha amajaji ecaleni likaPilliod yaqala khona.

IMonsanto iphikisiwe ngokukhomba ukuthi abameli babamangali bebelokhu beqhuba izikhangiso zabo eziningi befuna amaklayenti amasha ecaleni leRoundup. Lesi siphakamiso sizoba "ukuhleleka okungahambisani nomthethosisekelo" futhi "siconsa ubuzenzisi," kusho abameli beMonsanto.

Ngokuphikisana nomyalelo, abameli bakaMonsanto batshele ijaji ukuthi iMiller Firm, emele amaPilliods nabanye abamangali abaningi, babe nesikhangiso eSan Francisco Chronicle bethi “ukuphindeka kabili noma kathathu” kwengozi yokungabi yiHodgkin lymphoma Ukuvezwa kwe-Roundup ezinsukwini eziyisikhombisa nje ngaphambi kokuqala kwecala likaPilliod. UMonsanto uthe kube nezikhangiso ezingama-2,187 ezilwa ne-Roundup zethelevishini nezomsakazo kusuka ngoDisemba 1, 2018 kuya kuMashi 21, 2019 ”emakethe yezindaba yaseSan Francisco.

IJaji uSmith lithole impikiswano kaMonsanto ikholisa futhi usiphikile isicelo sabamangali umkhawulo ekukhangiseni.

April 3, 2019

Usosayensi wase-US Usamile Ekuhlolweni Komdlavuza we-Roundup

(Umbhalo ovela ezinkambisweni zanamuhla)

Ngemuva kosuku olugcwele lobufakazi ngoLwesibili, usosayensi kahulumeni wase-US osethathe umhlalaphansi uChristopher Portier ubuyile esitatimendeni ngoLwesithathu eyolungiselela amajaji ucwaningo lwesayensi olumqinisekisile ukuthi ama-herbicides aseMonsanto asuselwa eglyphosate abangela umdlavuza, nokwehluleka kwemithetho yaseYurophu naseMelika izinhlelo zokuphendula kahle ubufakazi besayensi.

Abameli babamangali kuleli cala babenemibuzo embalwa kuphela eyayisele yobufakazi obuqondile bukaPortier ngaphambi kokuba abameli bakaMonsanto banikezwe ithuba lokuhlola uPortier.

UPortier, osuku lwakhe lokuzalwa namuhla, wasuka e-Australia ezonikeza ubufakazi.

UPortier "wayengungoti omenyiwe" kwi-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ngenkathi uphiko lweWorld Health Organisation lubeka i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu ngoMashi 2015.

Abamangali ngumbhangqwana oshadile ogama lawo lingu-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod bobabili abasungule i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kweminyaka eminingi yokusebenzisa i-Roundup. Ngokwamaphepha asenkantolo, Kubike u-Alva usebenzisa iMonsanto's Roundup Ready-to-Use Weed & Grass Killer kanye / noma iRoundup Super Concentrate cishe kabili ngeviki ezintweni ezine yena nomkakhe ababenazo kusuka ngo-1982 kuya ku-2016. Wayengazigqoki izingubo zokuzivikela. I-Alberta ibike ukusetshenziswa okufanayo.

April 2, 2019

Usosayensi KaHulumeni wase-US osethathe Umhlalaphansi Ufakaza Namuhla Ekuvivinyweni Komdlavuza we-Roundup

(Umbhalo ovela ezinkambisweni zanamuhla)

Usosayensi kahulumeni wase-US osethathe umhlalaphansi uChristopher Portier uzoqala ukufakaza bukhoma namuhla ecaleni lesithathu lomdlavuza iRoundup ukuze liye ecaleni. Kulindeleke ukuthi atshele amajaji enkantolo UPilliod v. Monsanto ukuthi abalawuli balahlekelwe kanjani kaningi yizimpawu ezibalulekile zokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto ibangelwa umdlavuza.

Ubufakazi bukaPortier kulindeleke ukuthi buqhubeke usuku lonke namuhla futhi kuze kube ngoLwesithathu. Icala lamanje lifaka umbhangqwana oshadile - u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod - bobabili abasungule i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kweminyaka eminingi yokusebenzisa i-Roundup.

UPortier ungomunye wofakazi bezinkanyezi zabamangali. Wayenguchwepheshe "omenyiwe" kwi-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) lapho uphiko lweWorld Health Organisation luhlangana ngoMashi ka-2015 eLyon, eFrance ukubuyekeza iminyaka yocwaningo olushicilelwe nolubuyekezwa ngontanga mayelana ne-glyphosate. Kulowo mhlangano, i-IARC yahlukanisa i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu, yize uPortier wayengenalo ivoti emphumeleni.

UPortier uhlala isikhathi esiningi edolobhaneni elikude eSwitzerland, kepha ngaphambi kokuthatha umhlalaphansi, wahola iNational Center for Environmental Health / Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry eCenters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ingxenye ye UMnyango Wezempilo kanye Nezinsizakalo Zabantu e-US. Ngaphambi kwaleyo ndima, uPortier wachitha iminyaka engama-32 kwiNational Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, lapho ayesebenza khona njengomqondisi ohambisanayo, kanye nomqondisi we-Environmental Toxicology Programme, esivele yahlangana nohlelo lwesikhungo i-National Toxicology Programme.

Abameli bakaMonsanto kanye nababambisene naye embonini yamakhemikhali bagxeke uPortier futhi bafuna ukudicilela phansi umbono wakhe wokuthi i-glyphosate herbicides ibanga umdlavuza. Bacaphuna umsebenzi wesikhashana awenzile ethatha umhlalaphansi weSikhwama Sokuvikelwa Kwezemvelo esingenzi nzuzo, nendima yakhe njengofakazi oyingcweti wabameli babamangali ecaleni leRoundup, yize icala laqala kuphela ngemuva kokuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC.

Ngemuva kobufakazi bukaPortier, abameli babamangali balindele ukubeka uCharles “Bill” Jameson esitendeni njengofakazi wesibili onguchwepheshe. UJameson uyisazi samakhemikhali nesazi sezobuthi esisebenza nge-carcinogenesis. Usebenze njengekhemisi ephezulu kuNational Institutes of Health's National Cancer Institute naseNational Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Ubuye futhi wabonisana neWorld Health Organisation futhi wasebenza njengelungu leqembu elisebenzayo le-IARC.

Icala kulindeleke ukuthi lingene maphakathi noMeyi. Abameli bamaPilliod bafake izicelo uhlu lwemibukiso bahlela ukwethula ecaleni elisebenzisa amakhasi angaphezu kwama-280. IMonsanto uhlu lwemibukiso isebenza amakhasi angaphezu kuka-130.

April 1, 2019

Uhlu Olude Lobufakazi Esivivinyweni Somdlavuza Esisha Esisha

UMsombuluko ngolunye usuku lokuphumula ezinhlangothini eziphikisanayo esivivinyweni sakamuva somdlavuza weRoundup - uPilliod V. Monsanto. Abamangali kuleli cala, u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, bayindoda nenkosikazi futhi bobabili bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abasolwa ukuthi kungenxa yokuchayeka kwabo eRoundup.

Izitatimende zokuvula leli cala zethulwe kumajaji ngoLwesine kanti icala lizoqala ukuqulwa ngoLwesibili ngobufakazi obuqhamuka kofakazi wabamangali uChris Portier owayengusosayensi kahulumeni waseMelika. UPortier wayengufakazi obalulekile ezivivinyweni ezimbili zokuqala zomdlavuza weRoundup, zombili ezaqeda ngemiklomelo emikhulu yokulimala ebhekene neMonsanto.

UPortier uphikise ngokuthi abalawuli bahlaziye ngokungalungile izifundo ze-glyphosate kumagundane, nokuthi ukuhlaziywa okuyikho kwesisindo esiphelele sobufakazi besayensi kukhombisa ukuthi i-glyphosate ne-glyphosate-based herbicides efana neMonsanto's Roundup ingadala umdlavuza.

Abameli babamangali bagcwalisile uhlu lwemibukiso- ubufakazi abahlela ukubuletha ecaleni. Uhlu lunamakhasi angaphezu kwama-280.

IMonsanto uhlu lwemibukiso isebenza amakhasi angaphezu kuka-130.

Ngalolu suku 'olumnyama' njengoba abameli bebiza usuku olungenayo inkantolo, bheka isiqeshana sami kuThe Guardian esebenze ngempelasonto:

“Phakathi kwesiyaluyalu sokuxakanana kwasenkantolo, sekuvela inkinga enkulu: Ukufuna kukaMonsanto ukusebenzisa umuthi wokubulala ukhula we-glyphosate kusabalele kangangokuthi imvamisa itholakala ekudleni kwethu naseziketsheni zethu zomzimba, kuyisibonelo esisodwa nje sokuthi imidondoshiya eminingana yezinkampani idala kanjani ukuhlala njalo impilo yabantu kanye nosizi lwezemvelo emhlabeni jikelele. IMonsanto nabafowabo babhekise kubalimi ikakhulukazi njengemakethe ebucayi yemithi yabo yokubulala ukhula, isikhunta kanye nemithi yokubulala izinambuzane, futhi manje abalimi abaningi emhlabeni wonke bakholelwa ukuthi abakwazi ukulima ngaphandle kwabo.

Ucwaningo lukhombisa ukuthi kanye nokukhuthaza ukugula nezifo kubantu, lezi zinambuzane eziqhutshwa yiBayer neMonsanto, iDowDuPont nabanye abadlali bezinkampani, engcupheni izilwane zasendle, impilo yomhlaba, ikhwalithi yamanzi nokusimama kwesikhathi eside kokukhiqizwa kokudla. Kodwa-ke abalawuli bavumele lezi zinkampani ukuthi zihlanganise amabutho, zibenze babe namandla ngokwengeziwe futhi bakwazi ukuqondisa izinqubomgomo zomphakathi ezithanda izintshisekelo zabo. Ngenkathi iBayer ingakhipha amadola ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezimbalwa kumonakalo, ngubani ngempela okhokhelwa? Sonke sinjalo. ”

Mashi 29, 2019

Usuku Olungekho Ukuhlolwa Komdlavuza we-Roundup

Zombili izinhlangothi bezithatha umoya ngoLwesihlanu njengoba isivivinyo esisha somdlavuza seRoundup sinosuku 'olumnyama'.

Ngemuva kokuvula izitatimende ngoLwesine, uPilliod v. Monsanto uzoqhubeka ngoLwesibili, Ephreli 2, e-Alameda County Superior Court e-Oakland, eCalifornia. UPilliod uyingxenye yeqembu lamacala aqoqelwe ndawonye ngaphansi kwe- I-California Roundup Judicial Council Coaching Coaching ()I-JCCP). Abamangali balindele ukuvula ubufakazi ngongoti wezobuthi UChris Portier, owayengusosayensi kahulumeni wase-US. Icala kulindeleke ukuthi lingene maphakathi noMeyi.

Icala likaHardeman V. Monsanto elaphetha ngoLwesithathu ngesinqumo esiyizigidi ezingama- $ 80 kwaba icala lokuqala ukuthethwa kwecala njengengxenye yeqembu elihlukile lamacala aphethwe njengenkantolo yamacala amaningi (MDL) enkantolo yenhlangano.

IMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer AG ehlobo eledlule, ibhekene nabamangali ababalelwa ku-11,000 bonke abathi bathola ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto eyabangelwa yi-glyphosate yabangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi iMonsanto yafihla izingozi.

Abatshalizimali beBayer badudule amanani entengo phansi kakhulu ukuthi ukulinganiswa kwemakethe yaseBayer kwehle ngaphansi kwama- $ 63 billion akhokhelwe iMonsanto.

Umhlaziyi weSusquehanna Financial Group, uTom Claps uxwayise abaninimasheya beBayer ukuthi balwele ukuthola imali yomhlaba wonke ephakathi kwezigidi ezingama- $ 2.5 kuya ku- $ 4.5 billion.

"Asikholwa ukuthi iMonsanto izolahlekelwa yiwo wonke amacala, kepha sikholelwa ekutheni bangalahlekelwa yiningi," esho.

Mashi 28, 2019

Isivivinyo Sesithathu Sesifo Somdlavuza Siqala Namuhla

Unomdlavuza wobuchopho, kuyilapho umyeni wakhe ehlushwa umdlavuza ongene enqeni nasemgogodleni. Bobabili basola ukusebenzisa kwabo isikhathi eside ikhemikhali elidumile lokubulala ukhula elaziwa ngeRoundup, kanti abashadikazi baseCalifornia namuhla bathola ithuba lokubeka uMonsanto ecaleni.

U-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, bobabili abaseminyakeni yama-70s, bangabamangali ecaleni lesithathu elibhekene noMonsanto lokuya enkantolo. Kukhethwe amajaji amajaji ayi-XNUMX nezinye izindlela ezinhlanu ekuqaleni kwaleli sonto, kanti izitatimende zokuvula ziyaqhubeka namhlanje ekuseni e-Alameda County Superior Court e-Oakland, eCalifornia.

Isivivinyo sePilliod sikhombisa okwakamuva ochungechungeni lwezinselelo zenkundla ezinkingeni zefa leMonsanto - inkampani eyazakhela udumo njengendawo yamandla kagesi ngaphambi kokutholwa kwayo ngehlobo elidlule yiBayer AG yaseJalimane.

Njengoba kwakusolwa ezivivinyweni ezimbili ezedlule - bobabili banqotshwa ngabamangali - abakwaPilliods bathi ukusebenzisa kwabo imikhiqizo ye-herbicide esekwe eMonsanto yabangela ukuthi bathuthukise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, nokuthi iMonsanto yehlulekile ukuxwayisa abathengi ngobungozi ngenkathi icindezela futhi isebenzisa irekhodi lesayensi ngemikhiqizo yalo.

 “Sithukuthele kakhulu. Siyethemba ukuthola ubulungiswa, ”kusho u-Alberta Pilliod utshele uGuardian ukuwa kokugcina, eqaphela ukuthi lezi zithandani azisebenzisanga izinto zokuzivikela uma zifafaza ngoba zikholwa wukuthi ukumaketha kwenkampani ukuthi imikhiqizo iphephile. Uthe bebengeke basebenzise i-Roundup ngendlela abasebenzise ngayo uma bebazi ubungozi. "Ukube besinikezwe imininingwane eyiyo, ukube sixwayisiwe, lokhu bekungeke kwenzeke." U-Alva uthe umdlavuza usucekele phansi izimpilo zabo: "Sekuyiminyaka embalwa kabi."

NgoLwesithathu, ijaji elinamalungu ayisithupha enkantolo yombuso eSan Francisco linikeze ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman imali engaphezudlwana kuka- $ 80 million, okubandakanya u- $ 75 million wokulimaza isijeziso, ngezimangalo ezifana nalezo ezenziwa yiPilliods. Ngokucacile ijaji linikeze umonakalo owedlule wokulahleka kwezomnotho wama- $ 200,967.10, owedlule wokulahleka okungekho komnotho okungama- $ 3,066,677, ukulimala kwezomnotho okuzayo okungama- $ 2 million kanye nokulimala kwezijeziso okungama- $ 75 million.

Futhi ngo-Agasti odlule, uDewayne “Lee” Johnson wanikezwa amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-289 ngamajaji avumelana ngazwi linye nakokutholakele ukuthi ukusetshenziswa kwakhe kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto kwabangela ukuthi i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma yakhe neMonsanto zimboze izingozi. Ijaji kulelo cala lehlise lo mklomelo laya ezigidini ezingama- $ 78. IMonsanto idlulisile.

Umdlavuza ubunzima kakhulu kwizithandani zakwaPilliod, ezinezingane ezimbili nabazukulu abane. U-Alva watholakala ngo-2011 futhi wayeselashwe kaningi. U-Alberta Pilliod ulaliswe esibhedlela ephindelela selokhu atholakala ngo-2015. Futhi yize bobabili u-Alberta nomyeni wakhe kucatshangwa ukuthi bathethelelwe, i-Alberta ithatha imishanguzo eqhubekayo ayibiza ngokuthi yi-'international chemo, 'futhi useke wezwa nokungezwa, wabona kabili nokungakwazi ukulinganisela - konke kulindeleke ukuthi kuhlale unomphela, kusho ingxoxo.

AmaPilliods asebenzise iRoundup njalo kusukela maphakathi nawo-1970s kuze kube yiminyaka embalwa edlule ezintweni eziningi ababenazo. Lezi zithandani zithi zikhethe iRoundup ngoba zikholwa wukuthi ziphephile kuzona nezinyamazane, amadada nezinye izilwane ezizulazula ama-acreage ama-Pilliods aphathwa ngemikhiqizo ye-Roundup. U-Alberta Pilliod uthe kunhlolokhono wayecabanga ukuthi iRoundup "yayingamanzi kashukela."

IGlyphosate, enelungelo lobunikazi yiMonsanto ngo-1974, ingumbulali wokhula osetshenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni futhi ibiza izigidigidi zamaRandi kumali etholwayo. Kuyisithako esisebenzayo emikhiqizweni kaMonsanto's Roundup kanye namakhulu eminye imikhiqizo yokubulala ukhula edayiswa emhlabeni wonke. Kepha ngenkathi iMonsanto nezinye izinkampani zamakhemikhali zigcizelela ukuthi imikhiqizo ayibangeli umdlavuza, ubufakazi obethulwe ezivivinyweni ezimbili zokuqala kufaka phakathi izifundo eziningi zesayensi ezishicilelwe nezibuyekezwa kontanga ezibonisa ukuthi imikhiqizo iyi-carcinogenic.

Isimangalo sePilliod sinanela abanye lapho bethi "iMonsanto iholele umkhankaso wesikhathi eside wolwazi olungelona iqiniso ukukholisa izinhlaka zikahulumeni, abalimi kanye nomphakathi jikelele ukuthi iRoundup iphephile" yize bebazi ngobufakazi besayensi obukhombisa ukuthi abuphephile.

Umnikazi omusha weMonsanto uBayer ugcizelela ukuthi izimangalo ezibopha ukhula lwayo lomdlavuza azinasisekelo futhi uqinisekisa ukuthi imikhiqizo yayo ibhalwe izixwayiso nemiyalo efanele. Ku- impendulo yayo ecaleni likaPilliod, IMonsanto "iyakuphika ukuthi abamangali balondolozile noma bazolonda noma yikuphi ukulimala, ukulimala noma ukulahleka ngenxa yanoma yisiphi isenzo noma ukweqiwa kweMonsanto."

Abameli bakammangali u-Edwin Hardeman bathe kungxoxo yevidiyo  ukuthi iBayer neMonsanto kwakudingeka baqale ukwenza ngokuzibophezela. "Ngesinye isikhathi le nkampani idinga ukuphumela obala futhi ibhekane nokuthi umkhiqizo wayo uyingozi, ”kusho ummeli uJennifer Moore.

IJaji uWinifred Smith nguyena owengamele leli cala likaPilliod. Abameli babamangali balindele ukuthi leli cala lizohlala cishe inyanga. Kukhethwe amajaji ama-XNUMX kanye nezinye izindlela ezinhlanu. I-Pilliod v. Monsanto icala lokuqala kwifayela le- I-California Roundup Judicial Council Coaching Coaching ()I-JCCP). Uhlu lwemibhalo efanele yasenkantolo lungatholakala ku- ikhasi le-USRTK Monsanto Papers. 

Mashi 27, 2019

Ngemuva kokushaya iMonsanto, Abameli Bacela Ukuxwayiswa Ngomdlavuza Ku-Roundup

Buka le ngxoxo no-Aimee Wagstaff noJennifer Moore, ithimba lezomthetho elehlise iMonsanto futhi laletha isinqumo esingu- $ 80 million kummangali u-Edwin Hardeman ecaleni lokuhlolwa umdlavuza iRoundup. (UHardeman uyavela nalapha)

Isinqumo Sikhona - IMonsanto Kumele Ikhokhe Isisulu Somdlavuza $ 80 Million

(Umbhalo wezinqubo zanamuhla)

(Bheka ingxoxo ekhethekile yevidiyo nommangali u-Edwin Hardeman nabameli bakhe)

Icala lesibili lomdlavuza iRoundup liphethe ngoLwesithathu ngesinqumo senkantolo esivumelana ngazwilinye esayalela uMonsanto ukuthi akhokhe imali engaba yizigidi ezingama- $ 80 ngokuhluleka ukwexwayisa ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman ngezingozi zomdlavuza zeRoundup herbicide.

Isigwebo sejaji sifake u- $ 200,967.10 ekulahlekelweni komnotho okwedlule, kanye nemali engaphezudlwana kuka- $ 5 million kumonakalo wangaphambilini nowesikhathi esizayo wokulahleka okungewona umnotho. AmaJurors athe iMonsanto kufanele ikhokhe imali eyizijeziso ezingama- $ 75 million ngenxa yobudedengu bayo ngokwehluleka ukuxwayisa ngengozi yomdlavuza yokubulala ukhula lwayo naphezu kweminyaka yemininingwane yesayensi eshicilelwe eveza amandla we-carcinogenic we-glyphosate-based herbicides.

Abameli bakaHardeman bakhiphe isitatimende begxeka uMonsanto amashumi eminyaka alokho abathi bekungaziphathi kahle futhi kuyingozi. Ngesikhathi sokulingwa okwathatha inyanga yonke baletha ama-joror hhayi nje ubufakazi besayensi obukhombisa ukuxhuma komdlavuza emikhiqizweni kaMonsanto, kodwa futhi nobufakazi bezindlela zeMonsanto ezihlose ukucindezela imininingwane ngobungozi bemikhiqizo yayo, kufaka phakathi amaphepha esayensi abhala ngokufihlakele siza ukukholisa abalawuli ngokuphepha komkhiqizo.

“Njengoba kukhonjisiwe kulo lonke icala, selokhu kwasungulwa i-Roundup eminyakeni engaphezulu kwama-40 eyedlule, uMonsanto uyenqaba ukwenza ngendlela efanele. Kuyacaca ezenzweni zikaMonsanto ukuthi ayinandaba ukuthi ngabe i-Roundup idala umdlavuza, kunalokho igxile ekusebenziseni umbono womphakathi nokucekela phansi noma ngubani ophakamisa ukukhathazeka kwangempela futhi okusemthethweni ngeRoundup. Kukhuluma kakhulu ukuthi akekho noyedwa umsebenzi waseMonsanto, owedlule noma wamanje, owafika bukhoma ecaleni ukuze avikele ukuphepha kukaRoundup noma isenzo sikaMonsanto. Namuhla, iqembu labasizi bejaji lenze ukuthi iMonsanto iphendule ngeminyaka yayo engama-40 yenkohliso ezinkampani futhi yathumela umyalezo eMonsanto ukuthi idinga ukushintsha indlela elenza ngayo ibhizinisi. ”

IBayer AG, eyathenga iMonsanto ehlobo eledlule, ithe izosidlulisa isinqumo. “Siphoxekile ngesinqumo sejaji, kodwa lesi sinqumo asisishintshi isisindo seminyaka engaphezu kwamashumi amane sesayensi ebanzi kanye neziphetho zabalawuli emhlabeni jikelele ezisekela ukuphepha kwemithi yethu yokubulala ukhula ebizwa nge-glyphosate-based and that are not carcinogenic. Isinqumo kuleli cala asinamthelela emacaleni nasekuvivinyweni okuzayo, njengoba ngalinye linezimo zalo eziyiqiniso nezingokomthetho. IBayer izosidlulisa lesi sinqumo. Abasizi bejaji kuleli cala badingide izinsuku ezingaphezu kwezine ngaphambi kokukhipha isinqumo senkantolo esigabeni sokuqala, okuyinkomba yokuthi kungenzeka ukuthi behlukene phakathi ngobufakazi besayensi. ”

IMonsanto Exec Yembula Isabelomali Esingama- $ 17 Million Semisebenzi Elwa ne-IARC, Imizamo YePro-Glyphosate

UMonsanto wayefuna kabi kangakanani ukudicilela phansi ososayensi bomdlavuza bamazwe omhlaba abathola ukuthi i-glyphosate herbicide yenkampani iyingozi yomzimba womuntu futhi yaphromotha umyalezo ophikisayo wokuphepha kwe-glyphosate? Okubi ngokwanele ukwaba cishe amaRandi ayizigidi eziyi-17 kulowo mkhankaso, ngonyaka owodwa nje vongokobufakazi obutholwe ngabameli abamele izisulu zomdlavuza abammangalela uMonsanto.

Leyo mininingwane neminye emayelana nokusebenza kwangaphakathi kokusebenza kobudlelwano bomphakathi eMonsanto kuvele ngoJanuwari 22 ukubekwa okuthekhishwe ngevidiyo wesiphathamandla seMonsanto uSam Murphey. Umsebenzi kaMurphey eMonsanto wawuhlanganisa ukuqondisa ubudlelwano nabezindaba emhlabeni wonke kanye "nemizamo yokugqugquzela ukwesekwa kwamacala amakhulu, izindaba zenqubomgomo kanye nezinsongo zokudumisa" ezibandakanya ibhizinisi lenkampani elisebenzisa i-glyphosate based herbicide. Futhi olunye lwezinsongo ezinkulu lwaqhamuka kulabo bososayensi bomdlavuza. UMupihey manje usebenzela iBayer ngemuva kokuthi inkampani yaseJalimane ithenge iMonsanto ehlobo eledlule.

Ijaji lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria akazange akuvumele ukudalulwa kukaMurphey kwesabelomali esimelene ne-IARC ukuthi kwethulwe njengobufakazi ecaleni likaHardeman V. Monsanto, eliye enkantolo labamangalelwa ngoLwesibili. Amajaji kulelo cala laseSan Francisco asevele anqume ukuthi iMonsanto's glyphosate-based Roundup idale iHardeman's non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kepha manje isisindo somonakalo.

Kepha ubufakazi bukaMurphey kulindeleke ukuthi bethulwe e Isilingo sikaPilliod V. Monsanto ophethe ukukhetha amajaji e-Alameda County Superior Court e-Oakland, eCalifornia ngoLwesibili. Amaqembu akhethe ijaji elinamalungu ayi-12 nezinye izindlela ezinhlanu zokushintshana. Izitatimende zokuvula kuleli cala kulindeleke ukuthi zibe ngoLwesine.

Sekuyiminyaka emine i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ibukeza izincwadi zesayensi ezishicilelwe nezibuyekezwa kontanga maqondana ne-glyphosate futhi yathola ukuthi i-herbicide kungenzeka ukuthi ibanga umdlavuza, inenhlangano ethile ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. I-IARC iyingxenye yeNhlangano Yezempilo Yomhlaba futhi ihlukanise izinto ezingaphezu kwe-1,000 XNUMX ngokuqondene nomdlavuza wazo, imvamisa ngaphandle kwengxabano enkulu.

Kodwa i-glyphosate yayihlukile. Ukulandela ukuhlukaniswa kukaMashi 2015, amakhulu, bese kuba yizinkulungwane, zabantu abatholwa ukuthi bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kokuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto bafaka isimangalo kulowo mdondoshiya we-agrochemical.

Futhi ngemuva nje kokwehlukaniswa kwe-IARC kwe-glyphosate - nokuqhubeka kuze kube namuhla - ososayensi bomdlavuza baba yisihloko sokulahlwa okuvela ezinhlakeni ezithile zezinhlangano, abantu ngabanye kanye nabashayeli bomthetho abathile baseMelika. Babekwe amacala okuthi abasebenzeli isayensi ezwakalayo kepha basebenzela i-ajenda yezepolitiki, idatha yokukhetha ama-cherry, nokukhuthaza isayensi ye-junk, phakathi kokunye. Ukugxekwa kukhulisiwe futhi kwaphindwa emhlabeni jikelele kuma-athikili ezindaba, izingcezu zemibono, amabhulogi, izikhangiso ze-Intanethi ze-Google nokuningi.

Imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto eye yavela ngokutholakala kwamacala angaphezu kwe-11,000 afakwe enkampanini ikhombisa ukuthi phakathi kwamanye amaqhinga, iMonsanto ibisebenzisa abantu besithathu ngasese ekuthumeleni imiyalezo nge-anti-IARC ngoba abaphathi benkampani kanye nabamele ubudlelwano bomphakathi babecabanga ukuthi imininingwane izovela kakhulu okuthembekile okuvela ezinkampanini ezihlukene neMonsanto.

Esikhundleni sakhe, uMurphey wabuzwa ukuthi inkampani yachitha malini ukuzama ukungabaza ukuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC.

Nakhu okushintshana:

Ummeli wommangali uPedram Esfandiary: "Ngakho-ke kuliqiniso ukuthi iMonsanto yabelwe izigidi zamadola ekuphenduleni ukuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC, akunjalo?"

UMurphey: "Si - sine - bekumele sisebenzise inani elikhulu lezinsizakusebenza, ngaphezu kweminyaka eminingana manje, silungisa ukwaziswa okungelona iqiniso, futhi siphendula imibuzo emphakathini mayelana - ne-glyphosate."

U-Esfandiary: "Ngabe iMonsanto yabele izigidi zamarandi ukuphendula ukuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC?"

UMurphey: “Yebo.”

U-Esfandiary: "Uyazi ukuthi iMonsanto yabelwa malini ngo-2016?"

UMurphey: "Ngingakhuluma kuphela ngokwesimo sezinto, uyazi, izinto eziphathelene nomphakathi, uyazi, izinto ebengizobandakanyeka kuzo ngqo. Kodwa ngo-2016, uyazi, ngiyakholelwa kwamanye amaphrojekthi ebengibambe iqhaza kuwo , kwakucishe kube yizigidi eziyi-16 noma eziyi-17. ”

I-Esfandiary: “$ 16 noma 17 million… yabelwa ukuphendula ukucaciswa (stet) kwe-IARC?

UMurphey: "Cha, hhayi ngqo futhi kugxilwe kuphela ku-IARC. Kungu - ngabe bekugxile ekubandakanyeni nasekuxhumaneni nabezindaba nakweminye imisebenzi kwi-glyphosate, ngokuvamile. ”

U-Esfandiary wabe esebuza uMurphey ukuthi ngabe kuzobiza malini inkampani ukwenza ukuhlolwa kwesikhathi eside komdlavuza we-bioassay wemikhiqizo yayo eyenziwe nge-glyphosate, into inkampani evumile ukuthi ayikaze iyenze. UMurphey uthe akazi.

Unyaka we-2016 wawuyisikhathi esibucayi kakhulu seMonsanto ngoba ngaphandle kokubhekana namacala, ilayisensi yenkampani ye-glyphosate yayenzelwe ukuvuselelwa eYurophu, kanti ne-US Environmental Protection Agency nayo ibibuyekeza ukubhaliswa kwe-glyphosate.

YASETSHENZISWA KANJANI IMALI?

Esikhundleni, uMurphey wabuzwa ngombhalo wangaphakathi weMonsanto wangoJulayi 2015 obizwa nge- "IARC Follow Up" owasho umgomo "wokuqeda ukusebenza kwe-IARC" kanye "nokuvikela inkululeko yokusebenza" (FTO). Wabuzwa ngenqwaba yezenzo ezenziwe ukunciphisa noma ukudicilela phansi umsebenzi we-IARC owawubekwe kulokho nakwezinye ukuxhumana kwangaphakathi kweMonsanto. Amakhasi amaningana okufakwa esikhundleni ahlehliswe ngokuphelele, ngokomyalelo wenkantolo, ngakho-ke akunakwenzeka ukubona konke okwakushiwo nguMurphey ekubekweni kwakhe. Kepha nazi izibonelo ezimbalwa zalokho obekuxoxwa ngakho:

  • Ukukhulisa imiyalezo ye-pro-glyphosate / Roundup ngokusebenzisa “iziteshi ezivela eceleni.” Esinye isibonelo sokusebenzisa iqembu langaphandle ukuphaphaza amaphuzu okukhuluma eMonsanto kwakuyi-athikili eyavela kungxenyekazi yabanikeli beForbes lokho kubonakala kubhalwe nguHenry Miller, ngaleso sikhathi owayengumuntu eHoover Institution eStanford University.  Imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto khombisa ukuthi isiqeshana esigxeka i-IARC empeleni sabhalwa nguMonsanto futhi sathunyelwa kuMiller ngesicelo sokuthi ashicilele izinto zokwakha.
  • Okunye ukuhamba kwe-Op-Ed. Ngaphambi nje kokuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC, isikhulu esiphezulu seMonsanto uDan Goldstein sixoxe ngezinhloso ezinhlanu zokuqamba u-Op Eds athe ubhalele ukuthi "ososayensi bezobuthi bezokwelapha basebenze" okubandakanya "izigaba zokugxekwa kwe-IARC." UGoldstein ubethumela odokotela nososayensi nge-imeyili ngethemba lokuthi bazokwamukela okusalungiswa njengokwabo futhi bakushicilele, amarekhodi akhombisa. IMonsanto ibitholakala “ukuxhumanisa izinguqulo ze-Op Ed” uma kudingeka, kusho uMurphey esikhundleni sakhe.
  • Isu lokuthi "Ungavumeli Lutho Luhambe". Ngokusho kukaMurphey, lolu hlelo lubandakanye “ukuqapha ngokucophelela ukusakazwa kwabezindaba” kugxilwe kwi-European Union. "Sinezimakethe eziningi ebesizi - besizibeka eqhulwini," kusho uMurphey. Iphrojekthi ibizele ukuqapha izindaba nokugqamisa noma ukumaka lezo eziqukethe lokho iMonsanto ekubonile njengolwazi olungelona iqiniso noma imininingwane engeyona mayelana nenkampani noma imikhiqizo yayo, noma izindaba ezingafaki umbono wenkampani noma umbono wazo. Othile uzobe esabelwa ukuthi alandele lezo zintatheli, "abize izintatheli ngalezo zimo, abelane ngesitatimende, anikeze okunye okuqukethwe, futhi akhuthaze lezo zintatheli ukuthi zisithinte ngokuzayo," kusho uMurphey.
  • Ukuqinisekisa intatheli yeReuters ukubhala indaba ebukela phansi ubuqiniso bokuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC ngesinye isibonelo somsebenzi kaMurphey. Ama-imeyili avela ngaphakathi kweMonsanto akhombisile ukuthi uMurphey uthumele i- umugqa wesilayidi wamaphoyinti okukhuluma nokulandisa okuphakanyisiwe kwentatheli yeReuters uKate Kelland emcela ukuba abhale indaba esola u-Aaron Blair, owayengusihlalo weqembu elisebenza i-IARC nge-glyphosate, ngokufihla imininingwane eyayizoshintsha isiphetho se-IARC nge-glyphosate. UMurphey utshele uKelland nge-imeyili ka-Ephreli 2017 ukuthi "bekungolwazi olubaluleke kakhulu oludinga ukubikwa." Uphinde wamtshela ukuthi aphathe imininingwane amthumelele yona "njengemuva," okusho ukuthi angasho ukuthi uthole umqondo wendaba nezinto zokwakha ezivela eMonsanto. UKelland wabe esebhala indaba eyayifunwa uMonsanto. Ukufakwa kuka-Aaron Blair kuveze ukuthi izinsolo ezibekwe endabeni zazingezamanga, kepha uKelland akazange afake ikhophi yokufakwa kwendaba nendaba yakhe. Indaba yaphakanyiswa izinhlangano zeMonsanto nezimboni zamakhemikhali nezikhangiso zeGoogle futhi yathathwa yaphindwa ngabezindaba emhlabeni jikelele. UMurphey uthe esikhundleni sakhe akabeki ingcindezi engenasidingo kuKelland, kanti uMonsanto ukholelwa ukuthi le ndaba iyasebenza futhi ibalulekile. "Lapho senginikeze imininingwane yokuqala ku - UNks. Kelland, wayekhululekile ukwenza lolo lwazi akubona kufanelekile," esho. "Futhi isinqumo sokuphenya udaba futhi ekugcineni - ekugcineni sishicilele kube yisinqumo sakhe, nesinqumo sabahleli bakhe kwaReuters."

UMurphey uthe akukho lutho olubi emizameni eyenziwa nguMonsanto ngemuva kokushicilelwa kombono we-IARC. Uthe uhlelo lwenkampani lubandakanya "ukubambisana nabantu besithathu ukunikezela ngolwazi, ukwabelana ngezindawo zokuxoxa, nezinye izinsizakusebenza" kanye "nokufinyelela kwabezindaba, ukuqinisekisa ukulingana nokunemba, kanye nomongo nombono ofanele ngesayensi ku - ukumbozwa - komkhiqizo wethu. ”

“Njengoba sasiqhubekela phambili, ngemuva kokuhlukaniswa kwe-IARC, futhi, sasingagunci
ukuzibandakanya namaqembu ezolimo, ukuzibandakanya nezintatheli, ukuzibandakanya ezinkundleni zokuxhumana, ukuhlanganyela - ukwabelana ngemibono yenkampani, ”kusho uMurphey kule nhlangano. “Thina - uyazi, sigcine okwethu - besigcina amaqembu ezolimo nabanye benolwazi. Kwasijabulisa ukuthi abaningi babo baqhubeka nokukhuluma futhi ngalokho abakubona njengokuhlukaniswa okungalungile. Kodwa iMonsanto yayihlala njalo, futhi, ngizovele - ngiqonde ngqo ekuhlanganyeleni imibono yethu ngokuhlukaniswa. ”

Mashi 26, 2019

Ukuvala Izimpikiswano Namuhla, AmaJurors Wokulimaza Ngamabomu Komdlavuza Obangelwa yiRoundup

(Umbhalo wezinqubo zanamuhla) 

Abameli baka-Edwin Hardeman bethule impikiswano yabo yokuvala namuhla eNkantolo yesiFunda e-US eSan Francisco, becela ama-jurors ukuthi ajezise uMonsanto ngokwehluleka ukuxwayisa ngobungozi bomdlavuza we-Roundup herbicide.

Ummeli uJennifer Moore wethule ukuvalwa kwethimba labammangali, kanti ummeli kaMonsanto uBrian Stekloff wenza ingxoxo yakhe yokuvala, waqeda ukuqulwa kwecala okwase kuyinyanga yonke esivele saqopha isinqumo sokuqala sejaji esathola ukuthi iRoundup "yayiyinto ebalulekile" ekubangeleni ukuthi uHardeman IHodgkin lymphoma.

Isinqumo sejaji manje kumane nje kuyindaba yemali - noma ngabe uMonsanto kufanele akhokhe umonakalo, kufaka phakathi umonakalo wokujeziswa, kuHardeman. Yize amajaji esevele enqume ukuthi i-Roundup idale umonakalo ku-Hardeman, kusamele banqume ukuthi ngabe iMonsanto kufanele ithweswe icala ngaleyo ngozi. I- Imiyalo yamajaji shayela ama-jurors ukuze phendula imibuzo emithathu ukuze ukwazi ukunquma umonakalo: Ingabe ukwakheka kukaRoundup kwakungalungile? Ngabe i-Roundup yaswela isixwayiso esanele sezingozi ezingaba khona? Futhi ngabe iMonsanto yayinganaki ngokungasebenzisi ukunakekelwa okufanelekile ukuxwayisa ngezingozi ezibangelwa yiRoundup?

Abameli bakaMonsanto abakashintshi isikhundla sabo sokuthi iRoundup ayibangeli umdlavuza. Kepha ngendaba yesikweletu baphikise ukuthi ngesikhathi uHardeman wasebenzisa i-Roundup - kusuka ku-1986 kuya ku-2012 - akukho nhlangano yezomthetho noma yezempilo eyayidinga isexwayiso kumalebula e-Roundup maqondana nomdlavuza, kanti iMonsanto yayingenabo ubufakazi obuholela ekutheni ikholelwe ukuthi isixwayiso siyadingeka.

Ebufakazini bangoMsombuluko, owayenguSihlalo weMonsanto uHugh Grant uvikele ukuziphatha kwenkampani ezungeze iRoundup nokho wavuma inkampani ayikaze yenze ucwaningo lwezifo ze-Roundup yize inkampani yachitha imali engaphezu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 1 minyaka yonke icwaninga ngemikhiqizo emisha.

"UMonsanto wenza ngokuzibophezela," ummeli wenkampani UBrian Stekloff utshele ijaji evikini eledlule. Ukutshela ama-jurors "lo akuwona umncintiswano wokuthandwa," uthe abukho ubufakazi bokuthi uMonsanto wenza ngokunganaki. "IMonsanto, ehambisana nesayensi, ehambisana nokuthi isayensi ibibhekwa kanjani emhlabeni wonke, yenze ngendlela efanele futhi akufanele itholakale inecala," esho.

Abameli bakaHardeman batshele amajaji ukuthi kunengcebo yobufakazi besayensi obukhombisa izingozi zomdlavuza ezihambisana neRoundup kodwa uMonsanto wakhetha ukuzama ukucindezela kanye / noma ukudicilela phansi imininingwane kunokuba axwayise amakhasimende afana noHardeman.

Uma amajaji ethola ukuthi iMonsanto inesibopho, amaqembu asevele avumile inani elingu- $ 200,967.10 lokulahleka kwezomnotho. Kodwa ama-jorors angakhetha ukwengeza 'umonakalo ongekho ku-economic' kulesi sibalo, futhi bangeze nomonakalo wokujezisa.

UJaji Vince Chhabria kusho isinqumo esedlule ukuthi "kwakukhona ubufakazi obuningi" bokusekela umklomelo wokujeziswa kweMonsanto nokukhombisa ukuthi inkampani "ayikaze ithathe indlela ebhekele ukuphepha komkhiqizo wayo."

Ijaji lithe kukhona "ubufakazi obuqinile lapho ijaji lingaphetha ngokuthi iMonsanto ayinandaba nokuthi umkhiqizo wayo empeleni unikeza abantu umdlavuza, ugxile ekusebenziseni umbono womphakathi futhi ubukela phansi noma ngubani ophakamisa ukukhathazeka kwangempela futhi okusemthethweni ngale ndaba."

Esivivinyweni sokuqala somdlavuza we-Roundup, ijaji ngoJulayi odlule unikezwe izigidi ezingu-$ 289 kummangali uDewayne “Lee” Johnson, yize ijaji lanciphisa lesi sinqumo saba ngu- $ 78 million.

Mashi 25, 2019

Ubufakazi Obunqunyiwe Njengoba Isivivinyo Somdlavuza WeMonsanto Sivunguza Phansi

(Umbhalo wezinqubo zanamuhla) 

Abameli baka-Edwin Hardeman ukunciphisa kakhulu inani lofakazi nobufakazi obuzokwethulwa kumajaji okufanele anqume ukuthi iMonsanto nomnikazi wayo omusha uBayer banesibopho sokukhulisa uHardeman we-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngemuva kweminyaka yokusebenzisa i-Roundup kaMonsanto. Basalelwe ngamahora ambalwa ababelwe ijaji, athe lithe ulindele izimpikiswano zokuvala ngoLwesibili.

Ithimba lamajaji elinamalungu ayisithupha linqume ngesonto eledlule ukuthi iRoundup empeleni ibiyinto ebalulekile ekudaleni umdlavuza kaHardeman. Icala manje seligxile ekutheni kufanele kusolwe uMonsanto noma cha, futhi uma kunjalo, malini - uma kukhona - inkampani kufanele ikhokhele uHardeman kumonakalo.

Kodwa ukwenza lelo cala kungaba nzima uma ubheka isikhathi esifushane sabameli bommangali abasishiye “ewashi lesikhathi” seliphelele elibekwe yiJaji uVince Chhabria. Unikeze uhlangothi ngalunye amahora angama-30 ukuthi enze udaba lwabo.

Abameli bakaHardeman basebenzise isikhathi sabo esiningi engxenyeni yokuqala yokuqulwa kwecala futhi manje banamahora ambalwa asele. Ngenxa yalokho, banayo lazise ijaji ukuthi ngeke babize ubufakazi obuhleliwe obuvela kubaphathi beMonsanto uDaniel Goldstein, uSteven Gould, uDavid Heering, noma uDaniel Jenkins. Futhi abazobe bethula ubufakazi obuhleliwe obuvela kuRoger McClellan, umhleli wephephabhuku lesayensi Ukubuyekezwa Okubalulekile ku-Toxicology (I-CRT), kanye nabanye ofakazi okungenani abane.

UMcClellan ubengamele i-CRT ngesikhathi iphephabhuku lishicilela uchungechunge lwamaphepha ngoSepthemba 2016 akhuza lokho okutholwe yi-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ethola ukuthi i-glyphosate iyingozi yomdlavuza womuntu. Amaphepha athi abhalwe ngososayensi abazimele abathole ukuthi isisindo sobufakazi sikhombise ukuthi umbulali wokhula ubengeke abeke ingozi yomdlavuza kubantu. Kepha imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto khombisa ukuthi amaphepha acatshangwe kwasekuqaleni njengecebo likaMonsanto lokudicilela phansi i-IARC. Omunye wososayensi abaphezulu beMonsanto hhayi kuphela ubuyekeze imibhalo yesandla kepha ube nesandla ekubhaleni nasekuhleleni, noma kunjalo lokho akudalulwanga yiCRT.

Abameli bakaHardeman bahlela cishe amahora amathathu obufakazi obuvela kofakazi abahlukahlukene, kufaka phakathi owayenguSihlalo weMonsanto kanye noMphathi Omkhulu uHugh Grant, owathola imali engango- $ 32 million ngesikhathi iBayer AG ithenga iMonsanto ehlobo eledlule.

Ingxoxo Yomonakalo

Zombili izinhlangothi sezivumile ukuthi uHardeman ulahlekelwe yimali elinganiselwa ku- $ 200,000 kumonakalo wezomnotho, kepha abameli bakaHardeman kulindeleke ukuthi bacele amashumi ezigidi zamadola, futhi mhlawumbe namakhulu ezigidi zamaRandi ngomonakalo ophelele, kufaka phakathi ukujeziswa.

Abameli beMonsanto baphikise noma yikuphi ukuxoxwa ngengcebo kaMonsanto kanye neBayer engamaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-63 akhokhele iMonsanto, kodwa ijaji livumele imininingwane ethile yezezimali ukuthi yabelwe namajaji.

AmaJurors kungenzeka angatshelwa ncamashi ukuthi yimalini iMonsanto ayenzile eminyakeni edlule ekuthengiseni ama-herbicides ayo e-glyphosate, kepha ukubheka unyaka owodwa kuphela wezezimali - 2012, unyaka uHardeman ayeke ukusebenzisa iRoundup - kukhombisa ukuthi inkampani yenze cishe $ 2 billion ngenzuzo ephelele lowo nyaka.

IJaji uChhabria kuphawulwe ezingxoxweni nabameli ngaphandle kobukhona bejaji ukuthi abameli bakaHardeman bangafuna ukuphikisa ukuthi uMonsanto usebenzise imali eningi ekukhangiseni nasekukhokheleni abaphathi kunokuba benze izifundo zokuphepha zesikhathi eside emikhiqizweni yayo. Izinkinga zemali kungenzeka zihambisane nokucatshangelwa kwamajaji mayelana nomonakalo ongaba khona wokujeziswa, kusho uChabria.

"Kungabhekanwa nekhono likaMonsanto lokukhokha, kepha kubukeka kuhambisana kakhulu nodaba lokuthi yini eyayingaziwa - ukulimala kanye nokujeziswa, noma ngabe isenzo sikaMonsanto sasisibi kakhulu futhi sinolaka," kusho iJaji uChhabria. "Kungani bengenakuphikisana, bheka yonke imali uMonsanto abezimisele ukuyisebenzisa ekukhangiseni futhi akazimisele ukwenza noma yiluphi uhlobo lokuphenya ngenhloso yokuphepha komkhiqizo wayo."

"Akukhulunywa kakhulu ngekhono lenkampani kodwa kumayelana nokuziphatha kwenkampani maqondana nokuphepha komkhiqizo wayo," kusho uChabria. “Bheka zonke lezi zinto inkampani esebenzisa imali eningi ngokweqile, futhi ayizimisele ukuphakamisa umunwe ukwenza noma yiluphi uhlobo lophenyo olunenhloso mayelana nokuphepha komkhiqizo wayo. Ngicabanga ukuthi leyo yingxabano yabo. ”

UChhabria uthe ubufakazi bezezimali zikaMonsanto bungaba “ngamacala” “okuthukuthelisa ukuziphatha kwenkampani.”

Ukuqala Kwesilingo sePilliod 

Icala lesithathu lomdlavuza weRoundup liyaqhubeka kuleli sonto e-Alameda County Superior Court e-Oakland, eCalifornia. I-Alva ne-Alberta Pilliod,  umyeni nenkosikazi, bathathe uMonsanto noBayer ngezimangalo ukuthi bobabili baphethwe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuvezwa kwemikhiqizo kaMonsanto's Roundup. IVoir dire yokukhethwa kwamajaji iqala namuhla e-Oakland kanti izitatimende zokuvula kulindeleke ukuthi ziqale ngoLwesine. Bona imibhalo ehlobene nalelo cala kulesi sixhumanisi. 

Ijaji ecaleni likaPilliod lisichithile isicelo sikaMonsanto sokuqulwa kwecala. Ithimba lezomthetho elethula icala lePilliod lifaka ummeli waseLos Angeles uBrent Wisner, owazakhela udumo uwine ngummangali uDewayne “Lee” Johnson ngaphezulu kweMonsanto esivivinyweni sokuqala somdlavuza weRoundup ehlobo eledlule.

Mashi 22, 2019

Isisulu Somdlavuza Sibuyiselwe Esitimeleni

(Umbhalo wezinqubo zanamuhla)

Ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman uthathe lesi sikhundla namuhla ukuze anikeze ubufakazi obengeziwe ecaleni lakhe elibhekene noMonsanto mayelana nokuthi ukusetshenziswa kwakhe kwe-Roundup herbicide yenkampani kwamenza waba ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

UHardeman usevele wethule ubufakazi esigabeni sokuqala secala, esakhipha isinqumo senkantolo ngazwilinye esathola ukuthi uRoundup nguye owayesolwa ngomdlavuza wakhe. Ubufakazi bakhe namuhla buphendule umbuzo wesibopho sikaMonsanto nokuthi ngabe inkampani kufanele ikhokhe imali yokulahlekelwa yimpilo yakhe.

Abameli bakaHardman bazama ukukholisa abameli ukuthi uMonsanto wayebazi ubungozi bemikhiqizo yayo kepha wasebenza ngenkuthalo ukucindezela lolo lwazi ngamasu ahlukahlukene, kufaka phakathi ukucindezela abalawuli, ukubhala ghostwriting izincwadi zesayensi, nokudukisa abathengi abanjengoHardeman onokumaketha okunzima mayelana nokuphepha ukhula lwe-glyphosate-based.

Esigabeni sokuqala sokuqulwa kwecala, iJaji uVince Chhabria ulinganisele ubufakazi obufushane ngokwelashwa kukaHardeman kanye nokuhlupheka akubekezelele. Kulesi sigaba, ubufakazi obunjalo buvunyelwe.

Amajaji nawo ezwe ngoMary Hardeman, unkosikazi ka-Edwin, ngoLwesihlanu. Esigabeni sokuqala, ebesikhuluma kuphela ngobufakazi obuphathelene nokuthi ngabe uRoundup ubangele umdlavuza kaMnu uHardeman noma cha, ijaji likhuze ummeli kaHardeman u-Aimee Wagstaff ngokuzama ngisho nokwethula uMary Hardeman kuma-jur nangokuchaza ngokuqomisana kwalezi zithandani nokushada isikhathi eside.

Okunye okwathatha isikhundla kwaba ngummangali ufakazi onguchwepheshe uChadi Nabhan,  isikhulu sezokwelapha seCardinal Health eChicago.

Ufakazi wokuqala ngoLwesihlanu kwakungusosayensi wezobuthi waseMonsanto uDonna Farmer, ubufakazi bakhe obethulwa ngevidiyo. Abameli bakaHardeman baqale ubufakazi bakhe ngoLwesithathu. Ayikho inkantolo ebibanjwe ngoLwesine.

Ngesonto elizayo, abameli bakaHardeman bahlela ukudlala ubufakazi bevidiyo yalowo owayenguSihlalo noMonsanto omkhulu kaMonsanto uHugh Grant.

Mashi 21, 2019

Usuku Olumnyama - Abameli namajaji bathola ikhefu

Amalungu amajaji kanye nabameli bezomthetho bamaqembu aseHardeman V. Monsanto bebethatha ikhefu ngoLwesine njengoba iJaji uVince Chhabria ephethe ezinye izinto zekhalenda, okubandakanya nesiphakamiso ecaleni elihlukile elimelene neMonsanto.

Icala lizoqala kabusha ngoLwesihlanu ekuseni, nezimpikiswano zokuvala kulindeleke maphakathi nesonto elizayo.

Ngosuku lokuphumula namuhla, abameli bakammangali u-Edwin Hardeman babungaze ukunqoba kwabo kokuqala kwesigaba ngoLwesithathu ebusuku. Ukulinda isonto lonke ukuthola ukuthi lesi sinqumo sithola ukuthi i-Roundup kaMonsanto idale umdlavuza kaHardeman kwaphazamisa imizwa yabo.

Izikhulu ezazinomnikazi weMonsanto uBayer AG zazimbalwa ezazingazigubha ngemuva kwesinqumo sejaji esaphinde saqeda ukuzethemba kwabatshalizimali, saphoqa amanani ezabelo ukuthi abe phansi. Amasheya enkampani asevele ehlaselwe kakhulu ngo-Agasti ngemuva kokuthi ijaji ecaleni lokuqala lomdlavuza weRoundup lithole ukuthi ukubulala ukhula kwenkampani kubangele umdlavuza.

Mashi 20, 2019

Esivivinyweni Somdlavuza we-Roundup, Manje Amaglovu Ayeza

(Umbhalo ovela ezinkambisweni zanamuhla)

Ngemuva kwejaji langoLwesibili lithole ukuthi ukusetshenziswa kweRoundup kubangele umdlavuza wommangali u-Edwin Hardeman, isigaba sesibili sikaHardeman V. Monsanto siqale namhlanje eCalifornia ngokusuka ebufakazini besayensi nasezinsolweni zokuthi uMonsanto uchithe iminyaka ecindezela ulwazi ngobungozi be ukhula lwayo olususelwa e-glyphosate.

Ngenkathi iseluleko esiholayo sikaHardeman u-Aimee Wagstaff wagunyazwa esigabeni sokuqala sokungavumi ukuvuma lezi zimangalo, esigabeni sesibili kugxilwe kakhulu ekuziphatheni kukaMonsanto ekutadisheni, ekukhiqizeni nasekuthengiseni imikhiqizo yayo edumile ye-Roundup.

"URoundup ubelokhu eyingane kaMonsanto eyizigidigidi zamarandi amashumi eminyaka," kusho uWagstaff kwinhlolokhono ngoLwesithathu ekuseni. “Ubufakazi bukhombisa ukuthi iMonsanto yayinentshisekelo enkulu ekuvikeleni umugqa wayo ophansi noma ukuthengiswa okuqhubekayo kukaRoundup kunokuqinisekisa ukuthi umkhiqizo uphephile. Okwamanje, abantu abanjengoMnu Hardeman baba nomdlavuza futhi bayafa. Siyethemba ukuthi ijaji lizokwenza okufanele esigabeni sesibili futhi lithumele iMonsanto umyalezo elidinga ukuwuzwa. ”

Isinqumo sejaji esithola ukuthi i-Roundup ibanga umdlavuza kungukuzimisela kwesibili kwezamajaji ezinyangeni eziyisikhombisa, futhi kukhombisa ukuthi iBayer, eyathenga iMonsanto ehlobo eledlule, inendlela enzima phambili evikela izinkulungwane zabamangali abathi bonke bathola ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esuselwa e-glyphosate-based based Monsanto yabangela umdlavuza wabo. . Olunye uvivinyo luyaqhubeka ngesonto elizayo e-Oakland, eCalifornia.

Amasheya kaBayer kwehle ngaphezulu kwe-12% Ekuhwebeni kokuqala ngoLwesithathu ngemuva kokuzimisela kwejaji ukuthi iRoundup "ibiyinto ebalulekile" ekubangeleni umdlavuza kaHardeman.

IJaji uVince Chhabria uhlela ukuqhubeka nokulawula ngokuqinile lokho ijaji elizovunyelwa ukukuzwa, noma kunjalo. Ngokuvamile uvumelane nezicelo ezivela eMonsanto zokunqanda ubufakazi ngezenzo zikaMonsanto ngemuva konyaka wezi-2012, unyaka uHardeman ayeka ngawo ukusebenzisa iRoundup. Isizathu sokuthi isenzo senkampani ngemuva kokuba ummangali eyeke ukusebenzisa umkhiqizo asinasandla ekuthuthukiseni i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Abameli bommangali baphikisa ngokuthi kunama-imeyili amaningi angaphakathi eMonsanto abhalwe ngemuva kuka-2012 akhombisa indlela yokuziphatha, ekhombisa ukuthi le nkampani isebenze kanjani isikhathi eside ukubhala amaphepha esayensi, ukuphatha abalawuli nokuhlasela nokuthulisa abagxeki. Lobo bufakazi bubaluleke kakhulu ekutholeni isibopho seMonsanto kanye nomonakalo, abameli bommangali batshele uChabria.

Engxoxweni ngoLwesibili maqondana nobufakazi besigaba sesibili, ijaji likhombisile ukuthi libona indawo ephakathi nendawo, lathi “ukuziphatha okwenzeka ngemuva kuka-2012 okukhanyisa ngokwakwenzeka ngaphambi konyaka ka-2012 kufanele kwamukeleke, okungahle kube ngaphansi komyalo okhawulelwe uma iMonsanto ifuna . ” Kodwa wabuye wathi lokhu: “Noma ngabe ukuziphatha kwango-2012 kukhanyisa okwakwenzeka ngaphambi kuka-2012, kungenzeka kube nezinye izizathu zokukukhipha ngaphandle.”

Ngokuphawulekile, ijaji livimba ubufakazi ngemizamo kaMonsanto yokudicilela phansi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer, okuthi ngo-2015 yahlukanisa i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu. IMonsanto yachitha izigidi zamaRandi kokuhlukahlukene amaqhinga ayimfihlo ahlose ukwehlisa isithunzi i-IARC. Imibhalo etholakele ngokutholakala ikhombisa inkampani exoxa ngokusebenzisa abantu besithathu ababebonakala bezimele neMonsanto ukugxeka obala i-IARC kanye nokuphoqa amaphuzu e-propaganda kaMonsanto. Amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto akhombisa iqhaza lenkampani ekubhaleni ngeghost i-athikili eyavela enkundleni yabanikeli beForbes, futhi ikhombisa ukuthi inkampani yayingemuva udaba olushicilelwe yiReuters ngo-2017 olwalusho ngamanga ukuthi usosayensi we-IARC wayegodle imininingwane evela kwa-IARC eyayizoshintsha ukuhlukaniswa.

Ijaji liphinde livimbe ubufakazi bokuthi uMonsanto wasebenza kanjani ukwehlisa isithunzi usosayensi waseFrance uGilles-Éric Séralini ngemuva kokushicilelwa yemiphumela yakhe yocwaningo yango-2012 mayelana namagundane ondliwe ngamanzi adonswe nge-Roundup. Amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto akhombisa umzamo ohambisanayo wokuhoxisa iphepha laseSeralini, kufaka phakathi le ntambo ye-imeyili.

Abasebenzi baseMonsanto ngokusobala babeziqhenya ngalokhu abakubiza ngokuthi "umcimbi we-multimedia owawuklanyelwe ukusakazwa okuphezulu kakhulu" ngokumelene neSeralini kangangokuthi bakubiza ngokuthi "impumelelo" efanele ukubonwa.

Abameli bommangali nabo ngeke bakwazi ukwethula ubufakazi bamaMonsanto imizamo yokubulala ukubuyekezwa kobuthi ye-glyphosate yi-Agency for Subxic Substances and Registry Registry.

Ijaji livumela izingxenye ezithile ze i-imeyili yangaphakathi ye-Monsanto ka-2015 lapho usosayensi wenkampani uBill Heydens exoxa ngamasu wokubhala ghost uchungechunge lwamaphepha amasha esayensi azophikisana nokuhlukaniswa kwe-glyphosate yi-IARC ngoba kule imeyili, uHeydens uphawula ukuthi lolu hlelo lufana kanjani nokubhalwa kwesipoki iphepha lesayensi eshicilelwe ngo-2000 eyathola ukuthi i-glyphosate iphephile.

Bona zonke izibuyekezo ku- I-Trial Tracker blog.

Mashi 19, 2019

EBlow to Bayer, Ijaji Lithola Umdlavuza Wommangali Oyindilinga Obangelwa

(Ukuvuselelwa kwevidiyo)

(Umbhalo wezinqubo zanamuhla)

A isinqumo samajaji esivumelanayo NgoLwesibili unikeze ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman ukunqoba okokuqala, njengoba amalungu ayisithupha ejaji athola ukuthi ukuvezwa kukaHardeman kuRoundup "kwakuyinto enkulu" ekudaleni i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma yakhe.

Isinqumo samajaji sisho ukuthi ukuqulwa kwecala manje kudlulela esigabeni sesibili lapho amajaji ezothatha khona udaba lwesikweletu nomonakalo.

Amajaji abambe iqhaza cishe isikhathi esingangesonto ngaphambi kokucabanga ngombuzo owodwa obekufanele awuphendule esigabeni sokuqala secala elihlukanisiwe. IJaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria ubukhawulele ngokuqinile ubufakazi bokuthi abameli bangabuzwa esigabeni sokuqala ebufakazini obuthinta kuphela udaba olujwayelekile noluthize. Lokho bekusho ukuthi isigaba sokuqala besigcwele izingxoxo nezingxoxo mpikiswano ngezifundo ezahlukahlukene zesayensi. Isigaba sokuqala asikhiphi ubufakazi obuthinta izenzo zikaMonsanto zokulawula noma ukukhohlisa irekhodi lezesayensi nokuthi iMonsanto isebenze ukucindezela ubufakazi bokulimala ngemithi yokubulala ukhula. Kepha ubufakazi obunjalo buzovunyelwa esigabeni sesibili njengoba ijaji libheka ukusebenza kwenkampani.

Ngemuva kwalesi sinqumo, iJaji uChhabria utshele amajaji ngesigaba sesibili: “Izingqinamba enizocubungula ngazo ukuthi iMonsanto inecala ngokusemthethweni yini ngokulimala okwenziwe kuMnu. Hardeman nokuthi, uma kunjalo, kufanele kube yini umonakalo. Ngakho-ke yilezo zinto ozoqala ukuzicubungula kusasa. ”

Lesi sinqumo sasiwukunqoba okuphawulekayo hhayi nje kukaHardeman, kodwa nakwabanye abayizinkulungwane zabamangali abase-United States abamangalele uMonsanto futhi baphinde basola ukutholakala kwemithi yokubulala ukhula esekwe eglyphosate yabangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Inkampani isivele ilahlekelwe okukodwa kusuka isinqumo sejaji ehlobo eledlule esivuna umuntu ogcina amagceke aseCalifornia ofayo. Elinye icala liqala ngesonto elizayo e-Oakland, eCalifornia.

Ukuphendula lesi sinqumo sanamuhla, u-Aimee Wagstaff ka-Andrus Wagstaff, u-PC kanye no-Jennifer Moore we-Moore Law Group, i-PLLC, ummeli obhekene necala loMmangali, bakhiphe isitatimende esilandelayo:

 "UMnu. Hardeman uyajabula ukuthi amajaji avumelana ngazwi linye ukuthi i-Roundup yadala i-lymphoma yakhe engeyona iHodgkin. Manje sesingagxila ebufakazini bokuthi iMonsanto ayithathanga indlela enesibopho nenhloso yokuphepha kweRoundup. Esikhundleni salokho, kuyacaca ezenzweni zikaMonsanto ukuthi ayinandaba ikakhulukazi ukuthi umkhiqizo wayo empeleni unikeza abantu umdlavuza, ugxile ekusebenziseni umbono womphakathi futhi ubukele phansi noma ngubani ophakamisa ukukhathazeka kwangempela futhi okusemthethweni ngale ndaba. Silangazelele ukwethula lobu bufakazi kubasizi bejaji futhi senze iMonsanto iphendule ngokuziphatha kwayo okubi. ”

Bayer ikhishwe isitatimende futhi: “Sidumele ngesinqumo sokuqala sejaji, kepha siyaqhubeka nokukholelwa ngokuqinile ukuthi isayensi iyakuqinisekisa ukuthi imithi yokubulala ukhula esekwe eglyphosate ayibangeli umdlavuza. Siyathemba ukuthi ubufakazi esigabeni sesibili buzokhombisa ukuthi ukuziphatha kukaMonsanto bekufanele nokuthi inkampani akufanele ibhekane nomdlavuza kaMnu. Hardeman. Akunandaba ngomphumela, noma kunjalo, isinqumo esigabeni sokuqala salesi silingo asinamthelela emacaleni nasezilingo ezizayo ngoba ngalinye linezimo zalo ezingamaqiniso nezomthetho. Sizwelana kakhulu noMnu. Hardeman nomndeni wakhe, kodwa isigaba esiningi sesayensi siyasisekela isiphetho sokuthi iRoundup ™ kwakungeyona imbangela yomdlavuza wakhe. IBayer imi ngemuva kwale mikhiqizo futhi izoyivikela ngamandla. ”

NjengoJury Deliberates, iSifundo Esisha Sikhombisa Ukuxhumana NeCancer NeGlyphosate

Amajaji azoqhubeka nokudingida namuhla, ngenkathi abameli bezinhlangothi zombili bebematasa belungiselela isigaba sesibili uma kwenzeka ijaji lithola ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman kulesi sigaba sokuqala. Njengengxenye yokulungiselela, abameli bezinhlangothi zombili bebelokhu bephikisana ngezinto eziningi, kufaka phakathi ukuthi ofakazi bazovunyelwa yini futhi ngeke bavunyelwe ukufakaza ngesigaba sesibili, ukuthi hlobo luni lwabameli bakaHardeman abangaphikisana ngalo, nokuthi singakanani isikhathi sabameli bakaHardeman kufanele bavunyelwe ukwethula ubufakazi babo.

IJaji uChhabria usethe imingcele ethile yokuthi uhlangothi ngalunye luzoba nesikhathi esingakanani ecaleni, futhi abameli bakaHardeman basebenzise isikhathi sabo esiningi kakhulu kunabameli bakaMonsanto esigabeni sokuqala. Njengamanje, ezikaHardeman zisalelwe ngamahora angu-7-1 / 2 ngenkathi iMonsanto isenezikhathi ezingaphezu kwezingu-18.

Kusho iJaji uChhabria angacabanga ukufaka isikhathi esithile kommangali, uma kubhekwa ukuthi uhlangothi lwalunomthwalo wobufakazi futhi wayesebenzise isikhathi esiningi echaza izimiso eziningi zesayensi kwijaji elidingekayo ukuze baqonde ubufakazi obubekwe yizinhlangothi zombili.

Ummeli weMonsanto uBrian Stekloff uthe abameli bakaHardeman bebengasebenzi ngendlela ebebengasebenza ngayo, bavule amahora amabili esigabeni sokuqala. "Angazi ukuthi lokho bekudingeka yini," etshela ijaji.

Abameli bakaHardeman nabo bakubeke kwacaca ukuthi bazobe bebeka ubufakazi obuningi ngolwazi lukaMonsanto ngobungozi bezinhlaka zalo zeRoundup. "Ummangali uhlose ukwethula ubufakazi obengeziwe ngisho nasesigabeni sesi-2 sokuthi i-Roundup iyingozi kakhulu kune-glyphosate ngoba ama-surfactants akhulisa ingozi ye-glyphosate kakhulu," abameli bommangali utshele ijaji. 

I-Chhabria uvumile - ngaphezulu kweziphikiso zikaMonsanto - ukuvumela abameli bakaHardeman ukuthi baqhubeke esigabeni sesibili ngengxabano "yokukhubazeka kokuklama", yize benemihuzuko eminingana.

Okwamanje, okwamanje esinye isifundo esisha kushicilelwe kubonisa ukuxhumana phakathi kwe-glyphosate herbicides kanye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Isifundo ihlaziya idatha evela kubalimi abangaphezu kwama-300,000 nabasebenzi bezolimo ezifundweni ezenziwe eFrance, eNorway nase-United States. Abaphenyi bathi bathole "ukuphakama ezingozini" ze-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ehlotshaniswa nemithi ethile yokubulala izinambuzane kanye ne-glyphosate herbicides. Mayelana ne-glyphosate, uhlobo oluthile lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma exhunywe nokuvezwa kwe-glyphosate lwalusakazeka i-B-cell lymphoma enkulu, uhlobo olufanayo lomdlavuza uHardeman analo.

Mashi 18, 2019

Amajaji afuna ukuzwa kummangali futhi

Namuhla kuphawula ukuqala kwesonto lesine lokuhlolwa komdlavuza weHardeman V. Monsanto Roundup, kanti amajaji asabhunga ngombuzo owodwa okumele bawuphendule ukuvala isigaba sokuqala secala futhi kungenzeka singene esigabeni sesibili.

Amajaji ayisithupha azise iJaji uVince Chhabria ngoLwesihlanu ukuthi njengoba bexoxa ngamacala bafuna ukuthi ubufakazi bommangali u-Edwin Hardeman babuyekezwe kubo. UChhabria uthe lokho kuzokwenzeka okokuqala ngqa ngoMsombuluko ekuseni.

Ngokwesicelo sikaMonsanto, icala lihlukaniswe izigaba ezimbili. Isigaba sokuqala sisebenza kuphela ngombuzo wokuthi ama-joror athola ukuthi ukuvezwa kukaHardeman kuRoundup "kwakuyinto" enkulu ekubangeleni i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma yakhe.

Uma abahluleli bephendula ngazwi linye u-yebo kulowo mbuzo icala lizoya esigabeni sesibili lapho abameli bakaHardeman bezofaka khona ubufakazi okuhloswe ngakho ukukhombisa ukuthi uMonsanto wayazi ngezingozi zomdlavuza ze-Roundup kodwa wasebenza ngenkuthalo ukufihla lolo lwazi kubathengi, ngokwengxenye ngokukhohlisa irekhodi lesayensi.

Uma icala liya esigabeni sesibili, ummangali uzokwenza njalo ukuntuleka ufakazi oyedwa oyinhloko - uCharles Benbrook - ngemuva ijaji likhiphe isinqumo ukuthi uzobukhawulela kakhulu ubufakazi bukaBenbrook maqondana nokuziphatha kwebhizinisi likaMonsanto.

Umeluleki ohola phambili kaHardeman u-Aimee Wagstaff kanye nomeluleki wakhe uJennifer Moore bahlela ukuchitha usuku enkantolo ngoMsombuluko njengoba ijaji libuye liphinde liphinde livuse ulaka lukaJaji Chhabria. UChabria ucasuke ngoLwesihlanu ngokuthi abameli bathathe isikhathi eside kunaleso abesilindele ukufika enkantolo ngemuva kokuthi bazisiwe ukuthi wonke amaqembu kumele ahlangane ukuzobhekana nesicelo samajaji sokulalela ubufakazi bukaHardeman futhi.

I-Chhabria wagunyaza uWagstaff isonto lokuqala lokuqulwa kwecala lalokho akubiza ngokuthi "yizenzo ezimbalwa zokungaziphathi kahle ngesikhathi kuthulwa isitatimende sakhe." Esinye seziphambeko zakhe, ngokusho kukaChabria, ukuchitha isikhathi esiningi etshela ama-jurors mayelana nekhasimende lakhe nokuxilongwa kwakhe ngumdlavuza.

Mashi 15, 2019

Izikhangiso zeGoogle Ziphakamisa Ukukhathazeka Mayelana Ne-Geofencing

(OKUSHA 3:30 pm Isikhathi sasePacific - AmaJurors asethathe umhlalaphansi usuku lonke ngemuva kokuhluleka futhi ukuthola isinqumo. Ubufakazi obuvela kummangali u-Edwin Hardeman buzophinde bufundwe buye kumajaji ngoMsombuluko ekuseni ngokwesicelo sabo. IJaji uChhabria uhlala ecasukile ngabameli bommangali, ecasulwe kubathathe ukufika enkantolo ngoLwesihlanu ntambama.)

Amajaji abuyele enkantolo namuhla aqala izingxoxo ngemuva kosuku lwangolwesine ngoLwesine. Kunombuzo owodwa kuphela okumele bawuphendule: “Ngabe uMnu. Hardeman ufakazele ngokubucabanga ubufakazi bokuthi ukuchayeka kwakhe kuRoundup kwaba nesandla esikhulu ekudaleni i-lymphoma yakhe engeyona iHodgkin?”

Ijaji liluleke ama-jurors ukuthi uma becabanga ngalo mbuzo ngosuku lwabo lokuphumula akufanele bafune imininingwane ngokuphepha kwe-Roundup noma bafunde izindatshana zezindaba noma izifundo zesayensi mayelana nalolu daba. Kufanele bazigcine ekucabangeni kuphela ebufakazini obethulwe ecaleni.

Kuyathakazelisa ukuthi izolo endaweni yaseSan Francisco izikhangiso ze-google bezivela kumafoni ahlakaniphile namakhompyutha akhuthaza ukuphepha kweRoundup. Isayithi elilodwa ikakhulukazi - Ukhula Ngokuhlakanipha - ubengena phezulu kwamanye amasayithi e-Google, enikeza izihloko zezindaba ezinjengokuthi “Ukwesaba 'amakhemikhali' imiphumela yokungazwisisi" nokuthi "Bheka isayensi, hhayi ukwethusa amaqhinga, we-glyphosate herbicide." Nalena - “Weed Killer Hype Iswela Ukusekelwa Kwezesayensi.”

Isikhangiso se-google sivuselele ukwesaba kwabanye ukuthi iMonsanto neBayer kungenzeka bazibandakanya ekwenzeni i-geofencing, igama elisetshenziselwa ukuchaza iqhinga lokuletha imiyalezo ethile kubantu abathile ezindaweni ezithile.

Ngenyanga edlule ummeli kaHardeman uJennifer Moore uxwayise iJaji uChhabria ngovalo olwalubanjwe yithimba lezomthetho likaHardeman lokuthi kungenzeka ukuthi uMonsanto wayekade ehlanganyela ekutholeni i-geofcing phambilini futhi uzophinda futhi azame ukuthonya ama-jurors.  UMoore utshele ijaji  babecabanga ukuthi "ngabe sizofaka incwadi yesikhashana yokuvimbela ukuvimbela iMonsanto kunoma yiluphi uhlobo lwe-geofcing noma i-targeting jurors ngokusebenzisa imithombo yezokuxhumana noma izikhangiso zokukhokha ngokuchofoza ngakunye. Futhi-ke bengizocela nje ukuthi lokho kungenziwa. Asikwenzi ngasohlangothini lwethu, kodwa angifuni nje ukukhonjwa indlela kwama-jur, imithombo yezokuxhumana noma izindlela ze-Intanethi. ”

U-Chhabria uphendule wathi: "Akunjalo, akunjalo - akuhambi ngaphandle kokusho ukuthi kuzolunga ngokuphelele? Ngokusobala akekho umuntu ngapha nangapha - akekho umuntu oqhele ngamakhilomitha ayikhulu ohlangothini ngalunye ongazama ukukhomba noma yiliphi i-joror noma abazoba ngumthetho wecala nganoma yiluphi uhlobo lwemiyalezo. ”

IGeofencing inqubo yokukhangisa edumile eletha imiyalezo / okuqukethwe okuthile kunoma ngubani osendaweni ethile eqokwe yinkampani noma iqembu elikhokhela isikhangiso. Indawo ingaba ncane kakhulu, ibanga elingamamayela elizungeze ikheli elithile, ngokwesibonelo. Noma ingaba nkulu kakhulu. Noma ngubani kuleyo ndawo ekhethiwe esebenzisa uhlelo lokusebenza ku-smart phone - njengohlelo lokusebenza lwesimo sezulu noma umdlalo - uzobe esethunyelwa isikhangiso.

Ukuthi iMonsanto yenze noma cha noma izosebenzisa isu lokuzama ukuthonya ama-jurors cishe bekungeke kube lula ukufakazela. Ummeli weMonsanto uBrian Stekloff uphendule izikhalazo eziphakanyiswe ngenyanga eyedlule kanye nesixwayiso sejaji mayelana nokwenziwa kwegeofing ngokuthi “Ngiyakuqonda ukuthi bangaba nezinsolo, kodwa angizemukeli lezo zinsolo… .. impela sizokulandela lokho…”

Ukubekwa kwezikhangiso zeGoogle ngamagama athile okusesha akusho ukuthi noma ngubani ubekhomba ama-jurors nge-geofencing. Futhi kufanele wazi ukuthi ukuthengwa kwezikhangiso zeGoogle bekulokhu - futhi kusekhona - isu elidumile elisetshenziswe ngabameli babamangali abafuna amaklayenti amasha eRoundup.

Mashi 14, 2019

Usuku Lokulinga Nejaji Lucishiwe

Amajaji anosuku lokuphumula namuhla kepha abameli abanalo. UChhabria ubambe ukulalelwa nabameli bezinhlangothi zombili ngo-12: 30 ntambama isikhathi sasePacific sokuxoxa ngobubanzi besigaba sesibili, uma kubanjwa isigaba sesibili.

Phakathi kwezinto okufanele kuxoxwe ngazo, abameli bommangali bavuselela isicelo sabo ukuze bakwazi ukwethula ubufakazi ngemizamo kaMonsanto yokudicilela phansi usosayensi waseFrance uGilles-Éric Séralini ngemuva kokushicilelwa yemiphumela yakhe yocwaningo yango-2012 mayelana namagundane ondliwe ngamanzi adonswe nge-Roundup. Amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto akhombisa umzamo ohambisanayo wokuhoxisa iphepha laseSeralini, kufaka phakathi le ntambo ye-imeyili.

Abasebenzi baseMonsanto ngokusobala babeziqhenya ngalokhu abakubiza ngokuthi "umcimbi we-multimedia owawuklanyelwe ukusakazwa okuphezulu kakhulu" ngokumelene neSeralini kangangokuthi bakubiza ngokuthi "impumelelo" efanele ukubonwa.

Ubufakazi bukhombisa “ukuthi indaba yaseSéralini ingumgogodla wokwehluleka kukaMonsanto ukuhlola kanye nemizamo yakhe yokukhohlisa umbono womphakathi,” kusho abameli baka-Edwin Hardeman. Futhi, bathi ngaphakathi ukufakwa kwabo enkantolo, "Ubufakazi buveza ukuthi uMonsanto uphendulile ocwaningweni ngokuzama ukubukela phansi nokuhlambalaza uDkt. Séralini, obubufakazi obengeziwe" bokuthi iMonsanto ayinandaba ukuthi umkhiqizo wayo empeleni unikeza abantu umdlavuza, "kepha" [ugxila] esikhundleni ukulawula imibono yomphakathi nokubukela phansi noma ngubani ophakamisa ukukhathazeka kwangempela futhi okuyikho ngale ndaba. ” ”

"Indaba yaseSéralini Isebenza Emizamweni kaMonsanto Yokudambisa Ososayensi Abakhathazayo NgeGlyphosate," kusho abameli bakaHardeman.

Abameli bakaHardeman bafuna ufakazi onguchwepheshe uCharles Benbrook ukuvunyelwa ukufakaza ngalesi sibonelo sokuziphatha kwebhizinisi likaMonsanto “ukusetshenziswa ngemuva,” okusho isenzo sikaMonsanto esenzeka ngemuva kokuthi uHardeman eyekile ukusebenzisa iRoundup.

Ijaji uChhabria phambilini lakhipha isinqumo sokuthi ubufakazi obumayelana nemizamo yokwehlisa isithunzi uSeralini babungeke bethulwe ngoba leyo mizamo yenzeka ngemuva kokuphela kokusebenzisa kukaHardeman i-Roundup ngakho-ke kwakungeke kumthinte.

NgoLwesithathu, eChabria kuphinde kwabusa lobo bufakazi bemizamo kaMonsanto yokudicilela phansi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer ngemuva kokuthi ihlukanise i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen engahle ikhishwe esigabeni sesibili secala ngoba senzeka ngemuva kokuphela kokusetshenziswa kukaHardeman's Roundup.

Noma zombili izinhlangothi zilungiselela isigaba sesibili, ukungabi bikho kwesinqumo esisheshayo samajaji akukhombisi okuhle kuHardeman. Abameli bakhe babenethemba lesinqumo esivumelanayo esivela kubameli abasivuna. Noma isiphi isinqumo sejaji kufanele sivumelane ngazwilinye noma icala lingamenyezelwa njengeliphethe kabi.

Mashi 13, 2019

Amajaji ahlela ngamabomu

(Ukuvuselelwa kwevidiyo)

(QAPHELA 5:45 pm isikhathi sePacific - Ijaji selithathe umhlalaphansi kusihlwa kungekho sinqumo. Izingxoxo zokuqhubeka ngoLwesihlanu.)

IJaji uChhabria uyalele abameli bazo zombili izinhlangothi ukuthi bakulungele ukwethula izitatimende zokuvula isigaba sesibili secala namuhla uma amajaji ezobuya namhlanje ekuseni nesinqumo. Isigaba sesibili senzeka kuphela, noma kunjalo, uma amajaji eqala ngokuvumelana ngazwi linye kummangali u-Edwin Hardeman esigabeni sokuqala, esasiphathelene nombuzo we-causation kuphela.

Umbuzo okufanele uphendulwe kwifomu lesinqumo sejaji kuqondile:

Ngabe uMnu.Hardeman wafakazela ngokuthakazelelwa kobufakazi bokuthi ukuvezwa kwakhe kuRoundup kwakuyinto ebalulekile ekudaleni i-lymphoma yakhe engeyona iHodgkin?

Kuzothatha wonke amajaji ayisithupha ukuphendula ngoyebo kulowo mbuzo ukuze icala liqhubeke. Uma amajaji ehlukaniswe ngokuthi uwuphendula kanjani lo mbuzo, ijaji lithe lizomemezela ukuthi lizolalelwa ngamacala angafanele.

Ijaji liqondise ama-juror ukuthi ungacatshangelwa kanjani lowo mbuzo nokuthi ungabuhlola kanjani ubufakazi obulethwe kubo ku Uhlu lwamakhasi we-17 lwemiyalo.

Amajaji avunyelwe ukucela ukubheka imibukiso ethile kanye nezicucu zobufakazi kepha abavunyelwe ukubona okubhaliwe kwezinsuku ezedlule zobufakazi. Ijaji lithe uma ama-jurors efuna ukubuyekeza ubufakazi bofakazi othile angacela ukuba afakaze ubufakazi balowo ufakazi, noma ingxenye yobufakazi balowo fakazi kodwa abameli nejaji kuzodingeka babekhona kulokho.

Uma amajaji ebuyisa isinqumo esivuna uHardeman ngoLwesithathu ntambama, izitatimende zokuvula zesigaba sesibili zizokwenzeka ngoLwesihlanu.

UChhabria ubambe izintambo zokuvala izimpikiswano ngoLwesibili, evimbela ummeli kaHardeman u-Aimee Wagstaff ukuthi akhombise isithombe sikaHardeman nomkakhe esethulweni sakhe sokuvala ama-slide. Utshele uWagstaff ukuthi isithombe "besingahambisani" futhi wathi yena "akadingi ukuzwa
ukuqhubeka nokuphikisana ngalokho. ” Lapho ecela umbono wakhe, uChhabria umane nje waphinda inkolelo yakhe yokuthi ayifanele.

IMonsanto yafaka ifayela le- isiphakamiso sesinqumo esiqondisiwe NgoLwesibili, ephikisana nokuthi uHardeman wethule “ubufakazi obenele benkinga,” futhi wahlasela ngokuthe ngqo ukwethembeka kukadokotela wezifo uDennis Weisenburger, ongomunye wofakazi abangoHardeman. Ijaji Chhabria ukuphikile ukunyakaza. 

Ngokwehlukana, okuzayo Icala likaPilliod V. Monsanto eNkantolo Ephakeme Yase-Alameda County e-Oakland ibibheke echibini elikhulu lamajaji labantu abangaphezu kwama-200. Bahlela ukukhetha i-17, enamajaji ayi-12 nezinye izindlela ezinhlanu. Icala alikwazi ukuqala kuze kube ngumashi 27 noma Mashi 28 ngenxa yenqubo ende yokukhetha amajaji.

Mashi 12, 2019

Ukukhathazeka ngemiyalo yeJaji leJaji

(Umbhalo ovela ezinkambisweni zanamuhla)

(QAPHELA, 3 pm Isikhathi sasePacific - Izimpikiswano zokuvala ziyaqedwa. Ijaji lithole imiyalo yezingxoxo.)

Izimpikiswano zokuvala ziqale ngoLwesibili. Ngesigaba sokuqala sikaHardeman V. Monsanto sokuqeda abameli bommangali u-Edwin Hardeman bakhiphe isimangalo esinamandla ngezinhlelo zeJaji uVince Chhabria zokuyala amajaji ngokuthi angayicubungula kanjani inkinga ye-causation.

Indlela uChhabria abeka ngayo imiyalelo yakhe yenza ukuthi "kungenzeki" ukuthi uHardeman anqobe, ummeli uJennifer Moore wabhala encwadini ukwahlulela. Umthetho waseCalifornia ubeka imiyalo yokuthi ukubangelwa kunqunywa lapho into noma isenzo "siyinto enkulu" ekudaleni umphumela. Kepha imiyalo yejaji izodinga amajaji ukuthola ukuthi iRoundup iyona kuphela into ebangele ukuthi iHardeman's non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kusho uMoore.

Ijaji Chhabria liphendule ngokuthi wayengeke akwazi ukunikeza “imiyalo ejwayelekile yaseCalifornia yokubamba iqhaza” ngoba abameli bommangali behlulekile ukwethula ubufakazi bokuthi umdlavuza kaHardeman wawungenxa yezici eziningi. Uthe, noma kunjalo, ukuthi angaguqula imiyalo kancane ukuze azame ukubhekana nezikhalazo. Kuhlelo imfundo yokugcina UChhabria wengeze amagama athi into ebaluleke kakhulu "akudingeki ukuthi ibe yiyona kuphela imbangela yokulimala."

UMonsanto uphikise ngokuthi umdlavuza kaHardeman awudalwanga ngenxa yokuchayeka emithini yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate kodwa kungenzeka kakhulu ngenxa yesifo sokusha kwesibindi kohlobo C Hardeman abenaso iminyaka eminingi.

Lokhu futhi kuyinqwaba encane ethokozisayo emiyalweni yamajaji:

Okwamanje, kokuzayo Icala likaPilliod V. Monsanto, Ukulalelwa kwesiphakamiso kanye nokuxoxwa kwezicelo zobunzima kulabo abazoba ngamajaji kuyaqala ngesonto elizayo e-Alameda County Superior Court e-Oakland, budebuduze nedolobha laseSan Francisco lapho kungenzeka ukuthi icala laseHardeman lisaqhubeka uma liya esigabeni sesibili.

Izitatimende zokuvula ecaleni likaPilliod zingaqala ngoMashi 21 kepha kungenzeka kakhulu ukuthi zenzeke ngoMashi 25 noma kamuva kuye ngokuthi inqubo yokukhetha amajaji ithatha isikhathi esingakanani.

Mashi 11, 2019

IHepatitis C no… Hugh Grant?

(Bona isibuyekezo sevidiyo lapha)

(Umbhalo osuka ekuqhubekeni kwanamuhlas)

Ithimba labameli bakaMonsanto ngoMsombuluko lethule ubufakazi obuqhamuka kuDkt. Alexandra Levine, isazi se-hematologist / i-oncologist esikhungweni seCity of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center, efuna ukukholisa abezomthetho ukuthi ukuvezwa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula eseglyphosate kwakungeyona imbangela yomdlavuza kaHardeman, nokuthi Isici i-hepatitis C Hardeman ebinayo iminyaka eminingi. U-Levine ufakazele ukuthi ubone “iziguli eziningi kakhulu, eziningi, ezine-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma,” futhi empeleni uthathwa njengongoti kuleso sifo esithile.

IJaji uChhabria uthe ngesonto eledlule angathanda ukubona lesi sigaba sokuqala secala sisongwa ekuqaleni kwaleli sonto, okusho ukuthi leli cala kumele libe nejaji kungekudala. Isinqumo sidinga ukuthi wonke amajaji ayisithupha ahlangane ngokuvumelana ekutholeni kwabo maqondana nokuthi ukuvezwa kukaHardeman kuRoundup “bekuyinto ebalulekile” ekudaleni umdlavuza wakhe. Ijaji lizochazela amajaji ukuthi kusho ukuthini lokho. (Bheka ukungena kwangoLwesihlanu ukuthola eminye imininingwane.)

Uma ijaji lingavumi ngazwilinye ukunquma uHardeman noma uMonsanto lelo cala lizoba yi-mistrial. UChabria uphinde wathi uma lokho kwenzeka ucabanga ukukuzama ngoMeyi.

Uma ijaji lithola uHardeman nge-causation, ukuqulwa kwecala kungashesha kungene eSigabeni II kusetshenziswa ijaji elifanayo. Futhi kulapho izinto zizoqala ukuheha ngempela. Abameli bakaHardeman hlela ukufona abaphathi abaningana beMonsanto ngobufakazi, kufaka phakathi owayenguSihlalo weMonsanto kanye ne-CEO uHugh Grant. UGrant uchithe iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-35 kule nkampani waqokwa njenge-CEO ngo-2003. Wayehola le nkampani yaze yatholwa yiBayer AG ehlobo eledlule.

Ngokwengeziwe, abameli bakaHardeman bahlela ukubiza uRoger McClellan, umhleli wephephabhuku lesayensi Ukubuyekezwa Okubalulekile ku-Toxicology (I-CRT), eyashicilela uchungechunge lwamaphepha ngoSepthemba 2016 akhuza lokho okutholwe yi-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ethola ukuthi i-glyphosate iyi-carcinogen yabantu. Amaphepha athi abhalwe ngososayensi abazimele abathole ukuthi isisindo sobufakazi sikhombise ukuthi umbulali wokhula ubengeke abeke ingozi yomdlavuza kubantu.

Nokho, imibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto khombisa ukuthi amaphepha acatshangwe kwasekuqaleni njengecebo likaMonsanto lokudicilela phansi i-IARC. Omunye wososayensi abaphezulu beMonsanto hhayi kuphela ubuyekeze imibhalo yesandla kepha ube nesandla ekubhaleni nasekuhleleni, yize lokho kungadalulwanga yiCRT.

Abameli bakaHardeman ngokwengeziwe bathe bahlela ukushaya ucingo UDoreen Manchester, weCropLife America, inhlangano yezimboni yezolimo ephembelelayo. Indima kaManchester kuCropLife ibisiza "ukuhola amacala kahulumeni nawombuso ukuxhasa izindaba zokulawulwa kwezibulala-zinambuzane."

Mashi 8, 2019

Isigaba 1 Sisondela Ekugcineni, Amajaji Acabangisisa Ngeziyalo Zamajaji

(Umbhalo ovela ezinkambisweni zanamuhla)

Abameli bakammangali u-Edwin Hardeman bavale icala labo ngoLwesihlanu, banika uMonsanto ithuba lokuthi afake ofakazi bakhe kulesi sigaba sokuqala secala.

IJaji uChhabria uveze ukuthi angathanda ukubona isigaba sokuqala secala sisongwa ngasekuqaleni kwesonto elizayo, futhi useyalele abameli bezinhlangothi zombili ukuthi bakulungele ukudingida kanye nokuphikisana amasethi amabili emiyalo ehlongozwayo ukuthi anikeze amajaji izingxoxo maqondana nencazelo ye- "causation."

Ukuze icala likaHardeman livunyelwe ukuba liqhubekele eSigabeni 2 lapho kungakhishwa khona umonakalo, iqembu lamajaji ayisithupha kumele lihlangane ngazwi linye ekutholeni ukuthi iRoundup idale ukuthi i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma yakhe, ngakho-ke imiyalo yejaji yokuthi ichazwa kanjani into eyimbangela iphuzu elibucayi.

Inketho yokuqala yejaji ifundeka kanjena: “Ukuze anqobe embuzweni wenkinga yezokwelapha, uMnu. Hardeman kumele afakazele ngokungacabangi kobufakazi bokuthi iRoundup ibiyinto ebalulekile ekudaleni i-lymphoma yakhe engeyona iHodgkin. Isici esibalulekile yisici umuntu onengqondo angacabanga ukuthi sibe nomthelela ekulimaleni. Kufanele kube ngaphezu kwesici esikude noma esincane. Uma uphetha ngokuthi uMnu. Hardeman ukufakazele ukuthi ukuvezwa kwakhe kuRoundup kwaba yinto enkulu edale iNHL yakhe, kuzofanela uthole uMnu Hardeman noma ngabe uyakholelwa nezinye izinto eziyingozi nazo zazinkulu. ”

Inketho yesibili yejaji inemigqa emithathu efanayo yokuqala njengenketho yokuqala kepha ibuye ingeze lokhu: “Ukuziphatha akuyona into ebanga kakhulu ukulimaza ukube ukulimala okufanayo bekungenzeka ngaphandle kwaleyo ndlela yokuziphatha. "

Inketho 2 ibuye ishintshe umugqa wokugcina wemiyalo ithi: “Kodwa-ke, uma uphetha ngokuthi uMnu. Hardeman ubonakalisile ukuthi ukuvezwa kwakhe kuRoundup kwakwanele ngokwako ukudala i-NHL yakhe, kuzofanela uthole kuMnu Hardeman noma ngabe ukholwa ukuthi ezinye izinto ezinobungozi nazo zazanele ukudala i-NHL yakhe. ”

Ingxenye enkulu yokuvikela kukaMonsanto yile ukuphakamisa ukuthi ezinye izinto zingaba imbangela yomdlavuza kaHardeman, kufaka phakathi umzabalazo wesifo sokusha kwesibindi kohlobo C. Ithimba likaHardeman lithe welashwa ngo-2006 ngesifo sokusha kwesibindi kohlobo C kodwa iqembu likaMonsanto lithi ukulimala kwamangqamuzana avela ku-hepatitis kungaba nomthelela emdlavuzeni wakhe.

Ufakazi onguchwepheshe weMonsanto uDkt Daniel Arber  embikweni wakhe wangaphambi kokuqulwa kwecala wabhala ukuthi uHardeman unezinto eziningi eziyingozi kwi-NHL, futhi wathi: "Akukho okukhombisa ukuthi i-Roundup ibambe iqhaza ekuthuthukiseni i-NHL yakhe, futhi azikho izici zokugula eziphakamisa imbangela ye-lymphoma yakhe."

IJaji uChhabria ukhiphe isinqumo sokuthi u-Arber akakwazi ukufakaza ukuthi isifo sokusha kwesibindi sohlobo C sabangela i-NHL kaHardeman kodwa kukhishwe uLwesine ukuthi u-Arber angachaza ukuthi ukutholakala kukaHardeman isikhathi eside ku-hepatitis C kwamshiya engcupheni yokuthola i-NHL noma ngabe selilashwe ngempumelelo igciwane lakhe.

Imibhalo emisha eminingana ifakiwe yizinhlangothi zombili ezihlobene nobufakazi nemiyalo yamajaji. Bheka kubo ku- Ikhasi leMonsanto Papers Hardeman.

Mashi 7, 2019

Ijaji Linamagama Anenhlamba eMonsanto

UJaji Vince Chhabria ukhiphe impendulo ebabayo esiphakamisweni sikaMonsanto sokuthola isinqumo esifingqiwe ngoLwesine, esho e-oda lakhe ukuthi kunobufakazi obuningi bokuthi le nkampani glyphosate herbicides - okuyi-Roundup - ibingadala umdlavuza wommangali u-Edwin Hardeman. 

"Ukwenza isibonelo nje esisodwa," kubhala ijaji, "ucwaningo lukaDe Roos (2003) lusekela isiphetho sokuthi i-glyphosate iyingozi ku-NHL, kepha iMonsanto iyehluleka ukusho ukuthi iyanyakaza. IMonsanto ayinakusivumela isiphakamiso sesinqumo esifingqiwe ngokumane singabunaki ubufakazi obukhulu. ” 

Uthe futhi "bukhona ubufakazi obenele" obusekela umklomelo wokujeziswa onikezwa uMonsanto uma ijaji lithola uHardeman. 

"Abamangali baveze ubufakazi obuningi bokuthi iMonsanto ayithathanga indlela efanelekile yokuphepha komkhiqizo wayo," kusho iJaji uChhabria esinqumweni sakhe. 

Ijaji liphethe ngokuthi: “Yize ubufakazi bokuthi i-Roundup ibanga umdlavuza bungalinganiseli, kunobufakazi obuqinile lapho ijaji lingaphetha ngokuthi iMonsanto ayinandaba nokuthi umkhiqizo wayo empeleni unikeza abantu umdlavuza yini, ugxile kakhulu ekusebenziseni imibono yomphakathi nokubukela phansi noma ngubani ophakamisa ukukhathazeka kwangempela futhi okusemthethweni ngale ndaba. ”

Asikho Isivivinyo Namuhla, Kepha Indaba Mayelana Necala Lokugcina

(OKUSHA: Amaqembu axazulule amacala awo ngaphandle kwenkantolo ngoNovemba 2019.)

Ukunqoba okungumlando ehlobo eledlule lomgcini wezinkundla zaseCalifornia uDewayne “Lee” Johnson ebanga iMonsanto nomnikazi wayo omusha uBayer benze izindaba emhlabeni wonke futhi benza abanye babameli bakaJohnson osaziwayo ababonakalayo emibuthanweni yezomthetho, babahlomulela ngemiklomelo kanye nodumo lwamazwe omhlaba.

Kepha ngemuva kwesigameko sokunqoba, imiphumela yesilingo sokuqala somdlavuza seRoundup ifake abameli bakaJohnson empini ebabazekayo yezomthetho, ngezinsolo zokuzenzela, "ukungathembeki nokuziphatha okungahambi kahle," nokuhlambalaza. 

Enkantolo nasekuphikisweni kwecala elifakwe eNkantolo Yesifunda yase-Orange County eVirginia, iMiller Law Firm isola ummeli uTim Litzenburg, umuntu owayengummeli ophambili kaJohnson, ngokweba imininingwane eyimfihlo yamakhasimende ale nkampani ngenhloso yokumisa inkampani yakhe ehlukile yabameli, noma nje wayehluleka ukukhombisa imihlangano yokulungiselela ukuqulwa kwecala likaJohnson. Isikhalazo sibuye sathi iLitzenburg yavuma ukuthi yasebenzisa izidakamizwa ngesikhathi kuqulwa icala likaJohnson.

"Amalungu amaningi ethimba lecala likaMnu. Johnson abone uMnu uLitzenburg enza isimanga enkantolo," kusho isikhalazo. “Ngesikhathi evunyelwe ukuphikisa isiphakamiso phambi kweNkantolo…. ukulethwa kwakhe kwakudidekile futhi kungahlangani. Amalungu ethimba ebelicwaninga bekhathazekile ngokuthi uMnu. Litzenburg ubedle izidakamizwa ngesikhathi esenkantolo… ”

Icala ngokwalo ligcine liphethwe abanye abameli kanti i-Litzenburg ibingekho ngesikhathi kuvalwa ukuqulwa kwecala noma ngosuku lapho ijaji labuyisela khona isigwebo esiyizigidi ezingama- $ 289 esimelene neMonsanto.

Cishe ngemuva kwenyanga, ngoSepthemba 11, 2018, iMiller Firm ikuqedile ukuqashwa kukaLitzenburg, kusho icala.

ILitzenburg, manje esisebenzisana nayo nenkampani ye IKincheloe, iLitzenburg nePendleton, waziphika zonke lezi zinsolo wafaka nesicelo esiphikisayo esisho ukwehlisa isithunzi somuntu nokuphazamisa ngamabomu amabhizinisi akhe.  

ILitzenburg iqinisekisa ukuthi izimangalo zeMiller Firm ezibhekiswe kuye "zinomusa futhi zivame ukuqanjwa" futhi kungenxa yokwesaba kweMiller Firm ukuthi bazolahlekelwa ngamakhasimende akwaRoundup enkampanini entsha yaseLitzenburg. Uthi wanikezwa u- $ 1 million ngumsunguli oqinile uMike Miller ukuthi ahambe namakhasimende akhe eRoundup kodwa wenqaba lokho.

IMiller Firm neLitzenburg bazovela okokuqala enkantolo ngamacala abhekene e-Orange, eVirginia ngoMeyi 28.  

Mashi 6, 2019

Kusondela Ukuphela Kwesigaba Sokuqala

(Umbhalo ovela kwanamuhla inqubo)

Ufakazi onguchwepheshe kommangali uDkt.Dennis Weisenburger ubephekwa ngemibuzo ngoLwesithathu ngabameli bakwaMonsanto ngemuva kobufakazi obuningiliziwe besisulu somdlavuza u-Edwin Hardeman. Abameli bakaHardeman bathe sebezosondela ekupheleni kwesigaba sokuqala sokwethula udaba lwabo.

UWeisenburger, udokotela wezifo ezigxile ekutadisheni izimbangela ze-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, ufakaze ngoLwesibili isikhathi esingaphezu kwamahora amane, ehamba ngamajaji ngobufakazi besayensi athe ukhombisa ukuthi i-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto "iyimbangela enkulu" yomdlavuza kubantu abadalulwayo. Ulandele ubufakazi bukaHardeman, okhulume isikhathi esingaphansi kwehora ehlolwa ngqo ngokusetshenziswa kwakhe kweRoundup amashumi eminyaka ngaphambi kokutholakala komdlavuza e2016.

The Guardian kubuye ubufakazi bukaHardeman lapho athi wafutha iRoundup kanye ngenyanga amahora amathathu kuya kwamane ngasikhathi sinye eduze kwempahla yakhe futhi kwesinye isikhathi wayezizwa sengathi kunenkungu yamakhemikhali ephephuka esikhunjeni sakhe.

Abameli bakammangali bekulindeleke ukuthi baqhubeke namacala abo namhlanje kodwa ubufakazi bukaWeisenburger buhambe isikhathi eside kangangoba sebehlela ukulibuyekeza leli cala uma inkantolo iqhubeka ngoLwesihlanu. Azikho izindlela ezihlelelwe uLwesine.

Bona imibhalo ephathelene nobufakazi ku- Ikhasi leMonsanto Papers.

Ngokwehlukana, abameli babuthane eNkantolo eNkulu yase-Alameda County ukuze balalele "uSargon" ngaphambi kokuqala kukaMashi 18 UPilliod V. Monsanto.Icala likaPilliod lizoba ngelesithathu ukungena ecaleni elibhekene noMonsanto nomnikazi walo omusha ngeBayer ngenxa yezinsolo zokuthi kukhona izidalwa ezibulala umzimba ze-Roundup. Bona imibhalo yamacala ePilliod kulesi sixhumanisi.

Mashi 5, 2019

UHardeman ukufakaza, iJuror egulayo noma cha

(Umbhalo ovela ezinkambisweni zanamuhla)

Ngemuva kwekhefu lokufakaza ngoMsombuluko ngenxa yejaji eligulayo, isisulu somdlavuza u-Edwin Hardeman kulindeleke ukuthi sime namuhla ecaleni eliqhubekayo lomdlavuza weRoundup enkantolo yenhlangano eSan Francisco. Ubufakazi bakhe kulindeleke ukuthi buthathe isikhathi esingaphansi kwehora.

IJaji uChhabria uveze ukuthi leli cala lizoqhubeka namuhla ngaphandle kokuthi lo wesifazane abe nejaji uma eqhubeka nokugula. Kudingeka amajaji ayisithupha kuphela ukuze icala liqhubekele phambili futhi njengamanje kukhona ayisikhombisa.

Ngokuhlolwa okuqondile kukaHardeman, abameli bakhe bahlela ukuletha enkantolo i-2-gallon, spray-up sprayer ukukhombisa ukuthi wayisebenzisa kanjani i-Roundup endaweni yakhe iminyaka; ukuthi ukuvezwa kwakhe okuphindaphindiwe kwenzeka kanjani ngempela. Abameli beMonsanto ngoMsombuluko bafuna ukwenaba uhlelo lokukhombisa isifutho, bethi “luzomema iqembu labasizi bejaji ukuthi lenze noma yiluphi uhlobo lokuqagela ngokuthi ukusetshenziswa kwesifutho bekungaba namthelela muni ekuvezweni…” kodwa uChabria wasekela abameli bakaHardeman, wathi uzovumela umbukiso omfishane nesifutho. Waze wenza ihlaya:

INKANTOLO: Ngiqonde ukuthi, isiqondisi esisodwa engisizayo engingasinikeza manje ukuthi Abamangali abavunyelwe ukukufutha ngesifutho.
I-MS. UMATTHEWS (Ummeli weMonsanto): Kulungile.
INKANTOLO: Futhi abavunyelwe nakancane ukungifutha ngesifutho.

Kwesinye isenzo esishayelwe ihlombe yithimba labameli bakaHardeman, uChhabria uthe ngoMsombuluko ukuthi ubufakazi mayelana "nombiko kaParry" bungethulwa kubameli. UMonsanto wenqabile kodwa ijaji lavumelana nommeli wommangali ukuthi “umnyango uvulelwe umbiko kaParry” ngemizamo kaMonsanto yokuphikisana nobufakazi bokubulawa kwe-genotoxicity ne-glyphosate herbicides. UDkt.James Parry wayengumeluleki oqashwe uMonsanto ngawo-1990s ukuze abhekane nezinkinga ezithinta ukukhushulwa kwezidakamizwa ezikhuliswa ngaleso sikhathi ngososayensi bangaphandle. Umbiko kaParry Kunconywe ukuthi iMonsanto yenze izifundo ezengeziwe "ukucacisa umsebenzi ongaba khona we-genotoxic" we-glyphosate.

Bona le snippet kusuka ku- Ingxoxo yangoMsombuluko ngalesi sihloko:

INKANTOLO: Kulungile. IMonsanto inombiko ovela kudokotela
ukuthi iqashe lokho - lokho kuphakamise ukukhathazeka mayelana ne-
i-genotoxicity ye-glyphosate. Ngakho-ke kubonakala kimi ukuthi u - usuvele useshilo okuthile kwijaji - ngisho nangaphambi kokuba sifike kwesesibili
iphuzu, usuvele usho okuthile kumajaji okuphikiswa ngezinga elithile ngumbhalo wangaphakathi weMonsanto. Futhi kungani bengafanele bakwazi ukufaka ukungabaza ngokuqinisekiswa kukaMonsanto kumajaji ukuthi i-genotox ayinandaba nokuqinisa ukuthi uMonsanto waqasha udokotela - noma waqasha
Isazi sokubheka inkinga ye-genotoxicity ngasekupheleni kweminyaka yama-90s kanti uchwepheshe uphakamise ukukhathazeka nge-genotoxicity? … Ngisho, iMonsanto uqobo lwayo yaphenya i-genotox - yaqasha umuntu ukuthi aphenye i-genotox, futhi lowo muntu waphetha ngokuthi i-genotox - ukuthi kungenzeka i-genotoxic.

Ngemuva kobufakazi bukaHardeman, ngokulandelayo yiba nguchwepheshe ufakazi uDennis Weisenburger, uprofesa woMnyango Wezifo Zedolobha lase-Hope of Medical Center e-Omaha, eNebraska.

Mashi 4, 2019

Isisulu Somdlavuza Ukuma (Cha.)

(Umbhalo ovela ezinkambisweni zanamuhla)

Ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman bekulindeleke ukuthi athathe izintambo namhlanje kanye nochwepheshe ufakazi uDennis Weisenburger, uprofesa woMnyango Wezifo Zedolobha lase-Hope of Medical Center e-Omaha, eNebraska.

Kepha ijaji elilodwa ngokusobala ligula kakhulu ukuthi lingabekezelela usuku olude lwecala ngakho-ke ubufakazi buhlehlisiwe.

UWeisenburger, osebenza kakhulu ocwaningweni lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), wayengufakazi obalulekile echibini labamangali ngonyaka owedlule ngenkathi ethula ubufakazi phambi kweJaji uVince Chhabria njengoba ijaji lalilinganisa ngaleso sikhathi ukuthi cha noma cha ukuvumela inqwaba yeRoundup Izimangalo zomdlavuza ziya phambili. I-Weisenburger ishicilele amaphepha angaphezu kwama-50 emaphephandabeni abuyekezwa ngontanga ngezimbangela zeNHL.

Ngaphambi kokuvela kwezindaba zokubambezeleka kwecala, abamangali bebelindele ukuthi bazolibeka kabusha icala labo ngoLwesibili, kanti ofakazi bakaMonsanto bazongena ngoLwesithathu. Sonke isigaba sokuqala secala bekulindeleke ukuthi siphothulwe ngoLwesihlanu noma ngoMsombuluko, kusho abameli.

Icala lizodlulela esigabeni sesibili kuphela uma amajaji kuqala evuma ukuthi ukuvezwa kukaHardeman kuRoundup kuyimbangela ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma yakhe.

UHardeman wasebenzisa iRoundup ukusuka ekwelapheni ukhula nokugcwala endaweni yamahektare angama-56 yena nomkakhe ababenayo eSonoma County. Ubike ukuthi usebenzisa iRoundup kanye / noma nemikhiqizo ehlobene neMonsanto kusuka ngo-1986 kuya ku-2012. UHardeman watholakala ene-B-cell NHL ngoFebhuwari ka-2015.

Ngaphandle kwejaji elikhona ijaji beligxile ekuxoxweni kobufakazi obuningana abameli bakaHardeman abafuna ukwethula esigabeni sokuqala, bethi uMonsanto "wavula umnyango" wobufakazi bokuthi okunye akuvunyelwe. Bona i- Ingxoxo yommangali yokwethula ubufakazi obuhlobene nokufundwa kwegundane okuyimpikiswano kusukela ngeminyaka yama-1980, nobufakazi obuphathelene ukukhathazeka nge-genotoxicity kukhuliswe ngumxhumanisi weMonsanto, futhi, Isikhundla sikaMonsanto esifundweni segundane kanye ne- ukukhishwa kwe-genotoxicity.

Abantu emhlabeni jikelele bayalandela ukuqulwa kwecala, futhi isinqumo sejaji ngesonto eledlule sokuvumela ummeli ophambili kaHardeman u-Aimee Wagstaff kubangelwe ukuthi kudale inqwaba yama-imeyili avela kubameli nakwabanye abantu abanikela ukwesekwa futhi bezwakalisa intukuthelo ngesenzo sejaji.

Mashi 1, 2019

Okuthile Okudingayo

(Umbhalo ovela ezinkambisweni zanamuhla)

Nayi i-tidbit ethokozisayo ongayihlafuna ngempelasonto. Ngenxa yokusingathwa ngendlela engajwayelekile kweJaji uVince Chhabria ngecala lokuqala lomdlavuza weRoundup elizoqulwa enkantolo yenhlangano, (bheka okufakiwe kwangaphambilini kokubhidliza nezinye izizinda) kanye ne-vitriol abekhuluma ngayo nommeli kommangali u-Edwin Hardeman, abaningi kubuziwe - yini enikezayo? Ukwehlukaniswa, isinqumo sakhe sokugweba ummeli oholayo wommangali, ukusongela kwakhe ukuchitha leli cala ngokuphelele, kanye nokuphawula kwakhe okuphindaphindiwe mayelana nokuthi ubufakazi “babamangaleli” bubonakala kanjani “ngokusobala” njengokusobala ukuthi buvumelana nokuvikela kukaMonsanto, okungenani ekuqaleni kwamacala Kungabe kukhona ukuxhumana phakathi kweChabria neMonsanto?

I-Chhabria inesizinda esihle sezinkanyezi. Wazalelwa wakhulela eCalifornia, wathola iziqu zakhe zomthetho ngo-1998 e-University of California, eBerkeley School of Law, waphothula iziqu. Usebenze njengomabhalane wezomthetho wabahluleli ababili bakahulumeni kanye neNkantolo Ephakeme iJaji uStephen Breyer futhi wasebenza njengomuntu ohlangene namafemu amabili abameli ngaphambi kokujoyina iHhovisi Lommeli WaseSan Francisco City lapho abesebenza khona kusuka ngonyaka ka 2005 kuya ku 2013. Waphakanyiswa nguMongameli u-Obama kulesi sihlalo uphethe manje ehlobo lika-2013.

Kepha okujabulisayo ukuthi enye yalezi zinkampani zabameli lapho kwakusebenza khona uChabria iphakamise amashiya. ICovington neBurling, LLP, ungumvikeli owaziwayo wezinhloso ezahlukahlukene zebhizinisi, kufaka phakathi iMonsanto Co Covington kubikwa ukuthi ube nesandla ekusizeni iMonsanto izivikele ukukhathazeka embonini yobisi ngaphezu kwenkampani yokwengeza yokwanda kwezinkomo yokukhula kwezinkomo, eyaziwa njenge-rBGH (ye-hormone yokukhulisa izinkomo ephindayo) noma igama lomkhiqizo elithi Posilac.

UChhabria wasebenza enkampanini phakathi kuka-2002-2004, isikhathi lapho impi esemthethweni kaMonsanto ibhekene noPosilac yayisezingeni eliphezulu. Inkampani yayi kubikwa ukuthi uyathinteka kulolu daba ngokwengxenye "ngokuthumela izincwadi cishe kubo bonke abacubungula ubisi baseMelika, bexwayisa ngokuthi babhekane nemiphumela engaba semthethweni uma bethi imikhiqizo yabathengi babo" ayi-RBGH-Free. "

ICovington mhlawumbe yaziwa kakhulu ngomsebenzi wayo embonini kagwayi. Ijaji eMinnesota ngo-1997 inqume ukuthi inkampani ubengayinaki ngamabomu imiyalo yenkantolo yokuguqula imibhalo ethile ephathelene nezimangalo zokuthi imboni kagwayi yenza itulo leminyaka engama-40 lokudukisa umphakathi ngemithelela yezempilo yokubhema nokufihla ucwaningo lwesayensi olulimazayo emphakathini.

Ngaphambi nje kokuba u-Obama akhethe uChhabria esikhundleni sakhe sobuhluleli, inqwaba yabameli baseCovington naseBurling yathatha indawo kwezokuphatha, kubandakanya noMmeli Jikelele u-Eric Holder nephini lenhloko yabasebenzi UDaniel Suleiman. It kubikiwe ukuthi abasebenzi benkampani yabameli banikele ngaphezu kuka- $ 340,000 emkhankasweni ka-Obama.

Ukuhlala kukaChhabria eCovington bekukufushane, ngokuqinisekile. Abukho ubufakazi obusobala uChhabria owake wamela izintshisekelo zikaMonsanto ngqo. Kepha futhi uyisihambi emhlabeni wamandla ezinkampani nethonya. Ukuthi lawo machashazi ahlangana kanjani kuleli cala kuze kube manje akucaci.

February 28, 2019

Isivivinyo Sithatha Usuku

NgoLwesine yizinsuku 'ezimnyama' zesilingo somdlavuza weRoundup, okusho ukuthi abameli, amajaji kanye nofakazi banosuku lokuthola umoya wabo nokuzihlanganisa. Futhi ngemuva kwezinsuku ezintathu zokuqala kwecala elisheshayo nelithukuthele, kungenzeka basebenzise ikhefu.

Ngemuva kokulahlekelwa elinye ijaji ngoLwesithathu ekuseni, icala laqhubeka ngobufakazi bofakazi onguchwepheshe kommangali kanye nowayengusosayensi kuhulumeni waseMelika uChristopher Portier. Ubufakazi bunikezwe ngevidiyo eqoshwe e-Australia ngesonto eledlule.

Ngesikhathi sekhefu ntambama ebufakazini bukaPortier, iJaji uChhabria uthathe isikhashana wazichaza ngamazwana athile awasho kummeli wommangali u-Aimee Wagstaff ngoLwesibili ngaphambi ukumnika unswinyo ngoba wathi kungukungaziphathi kahle esitatimendeni sakhe sokuvula ijaji. (bona okufakiwe kwangaphambili kwebhulogi ukuthola imininingwane.)

Okulandelayo yingcaphuno emfushane:

INKANTOLO: Ngaphambi kokuthi silethe ijaji, ngifuna
yenza isitatimende esisheshayo kuNksz Wagstaff.
Bengicabanga ngokulalelwa kwe-OSC izolo kusihlwa, futhi mina
ngifuna ukucacisa into eyodwa. Nginike uhlu lwezizathu zokuthi kungani
ucabange ukuthi ukuziphatha kwakho bekungamabomu, futhi kungenye yalezo zizathu
bekungathi ubukade uzilungiselele kusengaphambili -
ukuthi uzothola isikhathi esinzima ngokwephula umthetho wangaphambi kokuqulwa kwecala
izinqumo. Ekuchazeni lokho, ngisebenzise igama elithi “steely,” nami
ngifuna ukucacisa ukuthi bengiqonde ukuthini ngalokho.
Bengisebenzisa i-steely njengesiphawulo sokuzicisha wena ngokwakho,
okungukuthi uzilungiselele okuthile okunzima futhi
-ngathandeki. Iphuzu lami bekungukuthi angibonanga kukumangaza kuwe
ingxenye; futhi njengoba abameli ngokujwayelekile babonakala bemangele lapho benjalo
osolwa ngokwephula izinqumo zangaphambi kokuqulwa kwecala, lokho bekungifanele
ngodaba lwenhloso. Kepha u- “steely” unenye incazelo njengoba
kahle, okungekuhle kakhulu. Futhi ngifuna ukukuqinisekisa
ukuthi akuyona leyo ncazelo ebengiyisebenzisa futhi bengingeyona
uphakamisa noma yini ngezimpawu zakho ezijwayelekile.
Ngakho-ke ngiyazi ukuthi uyaqhubeka ungavumelani nesinqumo sami nesami
okutholakele ngenhloso, kepha bengifuna ukwenza lelo phuzu kakhulu
kucacile.
I-MS. WAGSTAFF: Ngiyabonga Mnumzane.

February 27, 2019

Izinsongo Zomthetho namahlaya Ejaji

(OKUSHA - Kusanda kuxoshwa elinye ijaji. Omunye wabasizi bejaji besifazane uxoshiwe enkambisweni yasekuseni. Lokho kushiya indoda eyodwa nabesifazane abayisithupha. Kudingeka amajaji ayisithupha futhi bonke kumele babe ngazwilinye esinqumweni sabo.)

Njengoba usuku lwesithathu luvulwa ecaleni lokuqala lombuso mayelana nezimangalo zokuthi imikhiqizo kaMonsanto ye-Roundup ingadala umdlavuza, iJaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria ukubeke kwacaca ukuthi akalithandi iqembu likammangali u-Edwin Hardeman.

Chhabria ngoLwesibili ikhiphe isinqumo evumela ummeli kaHardeman oholayo u-Aimee Wagstaff ngalokho ijaji elikuthatha "njengezenzo eziningi zokungaziphathi kahle," wahlawulisa u- $ 500 wakhe futhi wamyalela ukuthi anikeze uhlu lwabo bonke abanye eqenjini lakhe ababamba iqhaza ekubhaleni isitatimende sakhe sokuvula ukuze labo babameli nabo bavunyelwe .

Empikiswaneni - izinkulumo ezahlukahlukene ezenziwa nguWagstaff lapho iJaji uChhabria zacabanga ukuthi yeqe imikhawulo eqinile ayibekile kubufakazi obungezwa yijaji. I-Chhabria ifuna ama-jorors ezwe kuphela ngobufakazi besayensi ngaphandle komongo ngokuziphatha kukaMonsanto okufuna ukuthonya irekhodi lesayensi nolwazi lokutholakele okuthile kwesayensi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, yize kwakungekho mingcele ekhona mayelana nokwethulwa kommangali uHardeman enkantolo, ijaji laphikisana nendlela kaWagstaff yokwethulwa nokuchazwa kokuthi wafunda kanjani ukuthi wayene-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Ekuqhubekeni kwangoMsombuluko ijaji likwenze kwacaca ukucasuka kwalo kuWagstaff, lamphazamisa kaningi ngesikhathi ekhuluma nejaji futhi limyalela ukuthi ashintshe isethulo sakhe. Ubuye wayalela amajaji izikhathi ezingaphezu kwesisodwa ukuthi angacabangi okushiwo nguWagstaff njengobufakazi.

Enkantolo ngoLwesibili ukhuze uWagstaff wathi wayazi ukuthi isenzo sakhe sasihloselwe ukwedelela imiyalelo yakhe ngoba akazange abune ngaphansi "kokumcindezela" enkantolo ngoMsombuluko ngenkathi ethula isitatimende.

Ngezansi kunengxenye yalezo ukuqhubeka kwangoLwesibili. (Ukubhekiswa kuMoore kusho uJennifer Moore, ongumeluleki ngokubambisana ecaleni likaHardeman.)

INKANTOLO: Yonke imicibisholo ikhomba kulokhu ukuthi kungukukholwa okungalungile, kufaka phakathi, ngendlela, ukusabela kukaNksz Wagstaff kokuphikiswa. Ngokusobala wayekulungele. Ngokusobala waziqinisa ngokuthi ngizokwehla kanzima kuye. Futhi-ke wayezibonga - mhlawumbe, wayephendula ngokuqinile lapho ngiza kuye kanzima ngoba wayazi ukuthi kuyeza futhi waziqinisa ngalokho.

I-MS. MOORE: Awu, Mina - Mnumzane, angicabangi ukuthi lokho akulungile; futhi lokho kusekelwe emibonweni yohlangothi lweNkantolo.

INKANTOLO: Lokho kususelwa kulokho engikubonile kolimi lomzimba nokubukeka kobuso.

I-MS. WAGSTAFF: Awu, empeleni, Mnumzane, ngithanda nje ukukhuluma ngalokho umzuzwana owodwa. Iqiniso lokuthi ngiyakwazi ukuphatha wena wehla phambi kwejaji akufanele lisetshenziswe ngokumelene nami. Kade ngiza phambi kwakho manje, yini, iminyaka emithathu. Ngakho-ke sengikujwayele lokhu kuxhumana emuva naphambili. Futhi iqiniso lokuthi ngangikulungele noma yini owawuzongitshela yona - nokuthi uphazamise isitatimende sami sokuvula izikhathi ezimbalwa zilandelana - akufanele isetshenziswe ngokumelene nami. Iqiniso lokuthi nginokuthula lapho ungihlasela, akufanele lisetshenziswe kimi.

INKANTOLO: Bengingakuhlaseli. Bengiqinisa imithetho, imithetho yangaphambi kokuqulwa kwamacala.

I-MS. I-WAGSTAFF: Usho nje ukuthi ngikwazile ukuziqamba ubufakazi benjongo, futhi lokho akulungile.

Abameli bommangali kuleli cala bakholelwa ukuthi umyalo wejaji wokwehlukanisa leli cala ngezigaba ezimbili futhi ubukhawulele ngokuqinile ubufakazi abangabethula kwijaji ubusekela kakhulu uMonsanto futhi kubeka engcupheni ikhono labo lokuhlangabezana nomthwalo wobufakazi kuleli cala. Baphinde bathi ukuholwa yijaji kobuphi ubufakazi obungangena nokungeke kudide. Futhi baveza ukuthi ummeli kaMonsanto naye ezitatimendeni zokuqala wafaka ubufakazi obabunqatshelwe yijaji, yize ayengavunyelwe.

Ngezansi kunokunye okuthe xaxa kusuka ku- Izinqubo zangoLwesibili:

INKANTOLO: Futhi lokho - lokho kuhambisana nenhloso. Lokho kuhambelana nokukholelwa okubi. Iqiniso lokuthi abamangali bakubeke kwacaca ukuthi bakulangazelele kakhulu ukufaka lolu lwazi eSigabeni sokuqala kuwubufakazi bokuthi bekungeyona nje iphutha ukuthi kwenzeka ukuthi bafake lolu lwazi ezitatimendeni zabo zokuqala.

I-MS. MOORE: Mnumzane, angishongo ukuthi besiphelelwe yithemba. Engangizama ukukuchaza ukuthi indlela elisethwe ngayo icala ayijwayelekile. Futhi ngicabanga, Mnumzane, ukuthi uyabona ukuthi emva kokuphuma komyalo wokuhlukaniswa kwezimpahla; ukuthi lesi yisimo esiyingqayizivele lapho ulinganisela khona isivivinyo lapho sikhuluma ngecala lomkhiqizo elifana naleli kuphela kwisigaba sokuqala, futhi lidale ukudideka ezinhlangothini zombili zezinto.

Lokho kuqinisekile.

Ihlaya losuku - lingitshelwe ngummeli ofisa ukungadalulwa igama:

Q: “Ubani ummeli kaMonsanto ohamba phambili?”

Impendulo: "Ijaji uChabria."

February 25, 2019

Ukubika Kusuka Enkantolo

Imibhalo evela kuSuku 1 ecaleni likaHardeman ithunyelwe lapha.

Bheka Umbhalo wezinqubo.

Bona Ideski Lesilayidi Lokuvula Lommangali futhi Ideski Lesilayidi Lokuvula leMonsanto

I-3: 30 pm Ijaji lichithiwe yijaji kodwa abameli ecaleni lokuhlolwa umdlavuza iRoundup basadingida ukuthi ubufakazi bungasetshenziswa kanjani noma bungasetshenziswa kanjani. Usathukuthele kakhulu ngommeli wommangali u-Aimee Wagstaff onesibindi sokukhuluma ngo-1983 @EPA dox ekhombisa ukukhathazeka ngomdlavuza nge-glyphosate.

Ijaji liphinda liqola u-Aimee Wagstaff futhi futhi uthi ufuna ukumjezisa ngo- $ 1,000 XNUMX futhi mhlawumbe nethimba labammeli lonke. Ukubiza izenzo zakhe "njengesimungulu ngokumangazayo."

2: 30pm thumela izibuyekezo zasemini:

  • Ngenkathi kuqalwa ukuhlolwa kwesifo somdlavuza seMonsanto Roundup, ufakazi kommangali uBeate Ritz ukhuluma namajaji ngama-ratios engcuphe, izikhawu zokuzethemba nokubaluleka kwezibalo zesayensi yomdlavuza. Ithinta inani lokuhlaziywa kwe-meta. @Bayer
  • UDkt Ritz ufakaza ngezifundo ezahlukahlukene ezibonisa ukwanda kwengcuphe yomdlavuza kusuka ekuvezweni kwe-glyphosate.
  • Ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman nomkakhe babukela buthule, kepha ngesikhathi sekhefu bazwakalise ukukhungatheka ngokuthi uJaji Chhabria unobufakazi obulinganiselwe ijaji elilalelayo.
  • Indlela eqinisekile yomlilo yokudonsela ukuphikisana nabameli baka @Bayer Monsanto ocwaningweni lomdlavuza weRoundup: yisho @IARCWHO ukuhlukaniswa kwesayensi kwe-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen engaba khona.
  • Usuku lokuqala lwe- @ Bayer Monsanto Roundup umdlavuza wesivivinyo uphetha ngemuva kobufakazi obude obuvela kusosayensi uBeate Ritz ohamba ngamajaji ngocwaningo olukhombisa ubungozi be-NHL ekuvezweni kwe-glyphosate herbicides. Ijaji libonga amajaji ngokulalelisisa; ubatshela ukuthi baziqhelelanise nabezindaba.

  • Usuku olulodwa kuphela esivivinyweni somdlavuza we-Roundup esilahlekelwa yi-juror. Omunye walaba bantu ababili abasemajele uthi basebenza kanzima; akakwazi ukulahlekelwa ngumholo wakhe. Lokho kushiya abesifazane abangu-7 nendoda e-1 ukuthi ithathe isinqumo ngecala. Isinqumo kumele sivumelane ngazwi linye ukuthi ummangali uwine.

11: 38 amUbufakazi bomsindo wejaji ekuvuleni kwecala lomdlavuza i-Roundup: i-oda langaphambi kokuqulwa kwecala lommeli wommangali ukukhombisa isizathu sokuthi kungani kungafanele anikezwe unswinyo ngo-8 ebusuku namhlanje.

11: 10 am IMonsanto / Bayer isonga ukuvulwa kwayo futhi manje ilungiselela ufakazi wokuqala, usosayensi ongummangali uBeate Ritz. Ukubuyekezwa okuningi kusuka kusitatimende sokuvula:

  • Ummeli kommangali ubiza ibha eseceleni njengoba lezo zitatimende bezivinjelwe yimiyalo yangaphambi kokuqulwa kwecala kepha ijaji liyamhlula.
  • Manje ummeli weMonsanto ukhombisa ishadi elithi ngenkathi ukusetshenziswa kwe-glyphosate kukhuphukile ngaphezu kwamashumi eminyaka, amanani eNHL awazange. Ube esethi yize i- @ IARCWHO ihlukaniswa njenge-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen engaba khona @EPA & abalawuli bangaphandle abavumelani.
  • Ummeli wezokuvikela uMonsanto @Bayer kuhlu; ukutshela ama-jurors konke nge-Agricultural Health Study, engakhombisanga buhlobo phakathi kwe-glyphosate ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ummeli uveza ukuthi uMonsanto wayengahlangene ngalutho nalolu cwaningo.

10: 45 amManje ngu @Bayer Ithuba likaMonsanto lokuthola izitatimende zokuvula - ummeli uBrian Stekloff utshela ijaji "I-Roundup ayibanga yisi sifo sikaMnu. Hardeman esingeyona iHodgkin lymphoma."

  • Ijaji liyala nje enye iMonsanto @Bayer kususwe isilayidi, kuphazamisa isitatimende sokuvula kommeli wabameli. Ukudlala ibhola elinzima ngazo zombili izinhlangothi.
  • Ummeli kommangali uphikisana nelinye lama-slides abameli beMonsanto; ijaji liyavuma bese kususwa isilayidi. Icala lommeli wezokuvikela ukuthi umlando kaHardeman weHepatitis C kungenzeka usolwe ngeNHL yakhe.
  • Utshela ama-jurors i-NHL uhlobo olujwayelekile lomdlavuza futhi iningi lezisulu ze-NHL akubona abasebenzisi beRoundup; akukho ukuhlolwa udokotela angakusebenzisa ukutshela isiguli ukuthi isifo sakhe sibangelwe noma asibangekanga yiRoundup.

10: 15 izibuyekezo kumazwi okuvula kommeli wommangali u-Aimee Wagstaff:

  • Ijaji manje lisabisa ngokujezisa ummeli wommangali futhi licabangisise ngokuthi kufanele yini anqabe ukuvumela ijaji ukuthi libone amaslayidi kommangali. Ummeli ka- @Bayer Monsanto uthi yebo. U-Aimee ucela ukubhekana nokukhathazeka kwakhe; ijaji liyamsika.
  • Ijaji manje liyalahla amajaji ngekhefu bese kuthi i-RIPS ibe ngummeli wommangali - ithi "weqe umugqa" futhi "akafanele neze" ezitatimendeni zakhe zokuqala. Uthi lesi "yisixwayiso sakhe sokugcina". Ungalokothi ube mzuzu obuthuntu ku @Bayer Isilingo somdlavuza weMonsanto Roundup.
  • Ijaji liphinde limtshele ukuthi "aqhubeke" lapho ezama ukuchaza ukuthi @EPA ihlola kuphela i-glyphosate hhayi umkhiqizo ophelele.
  • Uvunyelwe ukushiwo kafushane ngo @IARCWHO ukuhlukaniswa kwe-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu kodwa ijaji liyamsika ngaphambi kokuthi asho okuningi.
  • Esitatimendeni sokuvula se- @Bayer Ummeli wommangali wesimangalo seMonsanto Roundup ukhomba ekuhlaziyweni okusha kwe-meta okukhombisa izibopho ezinamandla zomdlavuza (bheka Indaba kaGuardian).
  • Esitatimendeni sokuvula sommeli wommangali kommangalelwa we-Roundup ufundwa kusukela ngo-1980s-era @EPA imemo "i-glyphosate iyasola" futhi idlula indaba yokuthi iMonsanto yakwenza kanjani ukuguqulwa kokukhathazeka kwe-EPA. Amajaji abukeka edidekile ngayo yonke le nto yesayensi.

9: 35 am Manje ummeli wommangali exoxa ngendaba yocwaningo lwegundane lwango-1983 olwenza ososayensi be-@EPAss ukuthi bathole umdlavuza we-glyphosate obangela… ngaphambi kokuba uMonsanto abaqinisekise. hhawu. Ijaji liyamsika futhi. Ibha eseceleni. @BayerMonsanto kufanele ikuthande lokhu. Ukuthola okwengeziwe ngocwaningo lwamagundane lwango-1983, bheka indatshana ka-2017,Ezamagundane, iMonsanto kanye neSimila Esiyimfihlakalo."

9: 30 am Indikimba enkulu namhlanje ekuseni ijaji alinikezi mmeli wommangali inkululeko, nge @careygillam:

8: 49 am IJaji uChhabria ukhombisa ukusheshe alinqande leli cala lomdlavuza iRoundup. Umise ummeli kommangali u-Aimee Wagstaff kungakapheli nemizuzu emingaki evulelwe ibha eseceleni. UWagstaff uvule ngokwethula unkosikazi kommangali, waqala ukukhuluma ngendaba yempilo yabo noHardeman bathola isigaxa entanyeni yakhe. Ijaji liphazamisile latshela uWagstaff ukuthi abambelele kumazwana abhekele udaba kuphela.

8: 10 am "Inkantolo manje iyaqhubeka". Igumbi lenkantolo ligcwele phama ngezitatimende zokuvula ecaleni lokuhlolwa komdlavuza iRoundup. Zisuka nje kululwane, uMonsanto Bayer, nabameli bommangali sebevele sebephikisana nobufakazi obuzolethwa.

8: 00 am Futhi sesihambile. Ezinyangeni eziyisithupha ngemuva kwejaji laseCalifornia linqume ababulali bokhula bakaMonsanto kubangele umdlavuza womgcini wezindawo, elinye ijaji laseCalifornia lilungiselela ukuzwa izimpikiswano ezifanayo ezibhekene neMonsanto.

Ngalesi sikhathi icala kuzwakala enkantolo yombuso, hhayi enkantolo yombuso. Okubalulekile, ijaji livumile ngesicelo esivela kuMonsanto sokuzama leli cala ngezigaba ezimbili ezinobufakazi bokuziphatha okunganaki nokukhohlisa okungenziwa nguMonsanto esigodliwe esigabeni sokuqala ukuvumela ijaji ukuthi ligxile kuphela ebufakazini obuphathelene nombuzo wokuthi noma cha imikhiqizo yenkampani bekufanele isolwe ngomdlavuza wommangali.

Ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman uphethwe yi-B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, eyatholakala ngoFebhuwari 2015, kusasele inyanga eyodwa ngaphambi kokuba i-International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ihlukanise i-glyphosate, isithako esibalulekile eMonsanto's Roundup nakwezinye izinhlobo zemithi yokubulala ukhula, njenge “ kungenzeka i-carcinogen yomuntu.

UHardeman wasebenzisa imikhiqizo yeRoundup njalo ukwelapha ukhula nokukhula ngokweqile epheshaneni lamahektare angama-56 ayenalo eSonoma County. Imibhalo efakwe enkantolo yombuso ephathelene nokuqulwa kwecala likaHardeman ingaba utholwe lapha.

Abesifazane abayisikhombisa nabesilisa ababili bakhethwa njengamajaji ukulalela leli cala likaHardeman. Ijaji lithe leli cala kumele liqhubeke kuze kuphele uMashi. Izolo iJaji uChhabria unqabele uMonsanto isiphakamiso sokuthi kufinyelelwe enkantolo.

February 20, 2019

Amajaji Akhethiwe

Abameli abachithanga sikhathi ngoLwesithathu ekukhetheni amajaji azoqala ukuqulwa kwecala ngesonto elizayo. Ijaji lakhiwa abesifazane abangu-7 nabesilisa ababili. Ukuze ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman anqobe icala lakhe, isinqumo sejaji kufanele sibe ngazwilinye.

Icala liqulwa ngezigaba ezimbili. Uma amajaji engatholi ukuvuna ummangali esigabeni sokuqala ngeke sibe khona isigaba sesibili. Bona ngezansi, okuthunyelwe kukaJanuwari 10, 2019, ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngomehluko ezigabeni ezimbili.

Ngaphambi kwamacala abameli bezinhlangothi zombili bagcwalise uhlu oluhlanganyelwe lwemibukiso abahlela ukuyethula, noma "abangayethula", njengobufakazi ngesikhathi sokuqhubeka kwecala. Uhlu lunamakhasi angama-463 futhi lufaka phakathi amarekhodi asukela kumamemos we-EPA anamashumi eminyaka kanye nokuhwebelana nge-imeyili neMonsanto kuya ezifundweni zesayensi zakamuva.

February 19, 2019

Ukuhamba Kwemizuzu Yokugcina

Sekusele isikhathi esingaphansi kwesonto ngaphambi kokuvula izitatimende ecaleni likahulumeni likaFebhuwari 25 mayelana nezinsolo zokuthi ababulali bokhula baseMonsanto base-glyphosate babangela umdlavuza, abameli bezinhlangothi zombili babelungiselela ukhetho lwamajaji oluqala ngoLwesithathu.

Ezinhlelweni zangaphambi kokuqulwa kwecala abameli bommangali u-Edwin Hardeman kanye nethimba lezomthetho elimele iMonsanto, manje osekuyiyunithi yeBayer AG, bese bevele bephikisana ngokukhethwa kwamajaji kususelwa kuphela ezimphendulweni ezibhalwe phansi ezinikezwe ngabashushisi abazoba khona, futhi abaningi sebeshaywe yiSifunda sase-US Ijaji uVince Chhabria ngesizathu.

NgoLwesithathu, abameli bazobabuza mathupha labo abazoba ngamajaji. Abameli bakaMonsanto bakhathazeke kakhulu ngamajaji angaba khona awaziyo ngecala iMonsanto elahlekile ehlobo eledlule. Kulelo cala, ummangali uDewayne “Lee” Johnson uzuze isinqumo samajaji esisodwa ngezimangalo ezifana nezikaHardeman - ukuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto yabangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma yakhe nokuthi iMonsanto yehluleka ukuxwayisa ngezingozi. UJohnson wanikezwa ama-jur amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-289, kodwa ijaji kuleli cala lanciphisa lesi sinqumo saba ngu- $ 78 million.

Izigxobo kuleli cala ziphakeme. Ukulahleka kokuqala kushaye iBayer kanzima; Intengo yamasheya ayo yehle cishe ngamaphesenti angama-30 selokhu kukhishwe isinqumo futhi abatshalizimali bahlala benciphile. Okunye ukulahleka enkantolo kungahle kulethe okunye ukushayiswa kwemali emakethe yenkampani, ikakhulukazi ngoba kunabamangali ababalelwa ku-9,000 abalinde usuku lwabo enkantolo.

Ukulungiselela ukuvulwa kwecala ngoMsombuluko ekuseni, Kusho iJaji uChhabria ekulalelweni kukaFebhuwari 15 ukuthi uzohlukanisa bonke abazongenela ukhetho lwamajaji ohlwini lwabakwaMonsanto abathi bezwile ngecala likaJohnson ngemibuzo ethile mayelana nolwazi lwabo lelo cala.

Phakathi kwalabo asebevele beshayiwe echibini lamajaji ngokuya ngemibuzo yabo ebhaliwe kwakukhona abantu abaningana abakhombisa ukuthi banemibono emibi ngeMonsanto. Ngenkathi ijaji livumelana nesicelo sikaMonsanto sokususa labo bantu echibini labasizi bejaji, wenqaba isicelo esivela kubameli bommangali sokushaya lowo owayengaba yijaji owathi okuphambene nalokho - ijaji labhala ukuthi linomuzwa wokuthi “bona (iMonsanto) bathembekile kakhulu futhi iwusizo emphakathini, ”futhi wathi ukholelwa ukuthi umuthi wokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto uphephile.

IJaji uChhabria uthe "Bengingacabangi ukuthi kukhona umuntu waseBay Area ozizwa ngaleyo ndlela .."

Kwesinye isenzo sangaphambi kokuqulwa kwecala, abameli bezinhlangothi zombili babese-Australia belungiselela ubufakazi obuvela kofakazi kommangali uChristopher Portier. UPortier unikeza ubufakazi obuqoshwe ngevidiyo kusengaphambili ngokubuzwa ngqo nangokuphonswa imibuzo. Bekulindeleke ukuba abe khona mathupha enkantolo uma kuqulwa leli cala kodwa wahlaselwa yisifo senhliziyo ngoJanuwari kanti selulekwe ngohambo olude lwezindiza olwaluzodingeka ukuthi luvele mathupha.

UPortier ungomunye wofakazi benkanyezi kommangali. Ungumqondisi wangaphambilini weNational Center for Environmental Health kanye ne-Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry futhi wayengusosayensi wangaphambili kwiNational Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.

Kwesinye isenzo sangaphambi kokuqulwa kwecala, iJaji uChhabria ukhiphe isinqumo ngoMsombuluko mayelana neziphakamiso ezivela kuzo zombili izinhlangothi ezisebenza ngobufakazi obuzovunyelwa ukungena nokuthi yini ezokhishwa. UChabria ukhiphe isinqumo sokuthi kuzoba nesigaba sokuqala secala lapho ubufakazi buzokhawulelwa khona kubangelwa. Uma ijaji lithola ukuthi imikhiqizo kaMonsanto idale umdlavuza kaHardeman kuzoba nesigaba sesibili lapho ubufakazi bungathulwa khona ngokuphathelene nezinsolo zabameli bommangali ukuthi uMonsanto uzibandakanye nobungozi bemikhiqizo yakhe.

Phakathi Izinqumo zobufakazi bukaChabria:

  • Ubufakazi bommeli kommangali buthi bukhombisa ukuthi uMonsanto ubambe iqhaza ekubhaleni imibhalo izincwadi zesayensi ayifakwanga esigabeni sokuqala secala.
  • Ubufakazi noma izinto zokumaketha zikaMonsanto azifakwanga kuzo zombili izigaba.
  • Ukuqhathaniswa phakathi kweMonsanto nemboni kagwayi kuyakhishwa.
  • I-imeyili evela kuMonsanto ekhuluma ngomsebenzi noMkhandlu WaseMelika Wezesayensi Nezempilo ayifakwanga esigabeni sokuqala.
  • Izimpikiswano zokuthi i-glyphosate iyadingeka "ukondla umhlaba" ayifakwanga kuzo zombili izigaba.
  • Imibhalo ethile ye-EPA ayifakwanga.
  • Ukuhlaziywa kwe-International Agency for Research on Cancer okuhlukanisa i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu kungenzeka "kuvinjelwe."

Ucezu lobunye bommeli bommangali bahlela ukwethula ukuhlaziywa okusha kwe-meta A ebanzi ukuhlaziywa okusha kwesayensi wamandla okubanga umdlavuza we-glyphosate herbicides. Ucwaningo luthole ukuthi abantu abachayeka kakhulu emithini yokubulala ukhula banamathuba angama-41% okwandisa ingozi yokuthuthukisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

Ababhali bezocwaningo, ososayensi abaphezulu abasetshenziswe yi-Environmental Protection Agency njengabeluleki, kusho ubufakazi "Isekela isixhumanisi esiphoqayo" phakathi kokuchayeka kuma-herbicides asuselwa ku-glyphosate nobungozi obandayo be-NHL.

February 8, 2019

Ubufakazi Nezinkinga

Ngezibalo eziphezulu, icala lokuqala lomdlavuza we-Roundup lokuqala lisondela ngokushesha ngoFebhuwari 25, abameli beMonsanto - nomnikazi wayo uBayer AG - babeke uhlu olude lobufakazi nezinkinga abafuni ukwethulwa ecaleni.

Phakathi kwezinto inkampani engafuni ukuthi yethulwe uma kuqulwa icala yilezi ezilandelayo: Ukukhulunywa ngamanye amacala abhekene neMonsanto; ubufakazi obuphathelene nemisebenzi yenkampani ebudlelwaneni bomphakathi; ukuqhathanisa nemboni kagwayi; imininingwane ngokuhlangana kwenkampani "nemikhiqizo enempikiswano" efana ne-Agent Orange nama-PCB; ulwazi mayelana "nengcebo" kaMonsanto; nolwazi mayelana "nendima kaBayer eMpini Yesibili Yomhlaba."

Abukho obunye ubufakazi uMonsanto afuna ukubufaka ngaphandle ngesikhathi kuqulwa icala obuthinta ukuthi ngabe ukubulala ukhula kwalo kubangelwe yini hhayi i-Hodgkin lymphoma yommangali, kusho abameli benkampani etshela ijaji.

Abameli babamangali banohlu lwabo lwezinto abangathanda ukungazilethelwa ijaji. Phakathi kwabo: Imininingwane mayelana nokukhangiswa kommeli kwabamangali ecaleni leRoundup; “umlando wezokwelapha ongahlobene” kommangali u-Edwin Hardeman; nobufakazi ngezinqumo zomthetho zangaphandle.

Khonamanjalo, ngoFebhuwari 6 amaqembu womabili afake “uhlu lwamaqoqo okuhlolwa ngokuhlanganyela” oluchaza ubufakazi obuthile abahlela ukubethula - noma abangabethula - kubasizi bejaji. Uhlu lunamakhasi angama-314 futhi lubandakanya inqwaba yemibhalo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto kanye nemibhalo yokulawula, izifundo zesayensi, nemibiko yofakazi abahlukahlukene abangongoti.

UBayer wengeze elinye ilungu eqenjini lezokuvikela leMonsanto Roundup. NgoFebhuwari 8, ummeli weShook Hardy & Bacon uJames Shepherd wafaka isaziso sakhe sokuvela kwiRoundup Products Liability Litigation enkantolo yenhlangano. UShepherd uvikele iBayer emacaleni ahlukahlukene, kufaka phakathi nezinsolo zokulimala okuboshwe emithini yokwehlisa i-cholesterol yakwaBayer, nezinsolo zokulimala kusuka ku-intrauterine device (IUD).

Futhi, zombili izinhlangothi muva nje zifake uhlu oludidiyelwe lwemibukiso yohlelo ngalunye lokwethulwa ecaleni, kufaka phakathi okufakiwe, izithombe, ama-imeyili, imibhalo yokulawula, izifundo zesayensi nokuningi. Uhlu lunamakhasi angama-320.

IJaji uVince Chhabria ukhombise ukulalelwa kukaFebhuwari 4 ukuthi uma ijaji lithola ummangali esigabeni sokuqala secala elihlukanisiwe, okusho ukuthi uma ijaji linquma ukuthi ukubulala ukhula kukaMonsanto kuyimbangela yomdlavuza ka-Edwin Hardeman, isigaba sesibili secala qala ngosuku olulandelayo. Leso sigaba sesibili sizogxila ekuziphatheni kukaMonsanto nakunoma yikuphi ukulimala okungenzeka kube yisijeziso.

Yonke imibhalo ehlobene itholakala ku- Ikhasi leMonsanto Papers.

January 29, 2019

Imibhalo Ephawulekayo Yangaphakathi yeMonsanto

Sekusele isikhathi esingaphansi kwenyanga ukuthi kuqalwe i- icala lokuqala lombuso enkambisweni yesikweletu semikhiqizo ye-Roundup, futhi zombili izinhlangothi zilayisha amafayela enkantolo ngezicelo eziningi nemibukiso. Kufakwe kumafayili wakamuva yimibhalo eminingana ephawulekayo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto. Okumbalwa kuqokonyiswe ngezansi. Ukuthunyelwa okuphelele kakhulu kwemibhalo yasenkantolo kungatholakala ku-USRTK enkulu Ikhasi leMonsanto Papers.

  • Sukuma umemeze i-glyphosate: Ama-imeyili angaphakathi eMonsanto kubhalwe ngo-1999 imininingwane yenkampani "yokufinyelela esayense" kanye nemizamo yokwakha inethiwekhi yomhlaba wonke "yochwepheshe bangaphandle besayensi abanethonya lokushayela isayensi, abalawuli, umbono womphakathi, njll." Icebo lalifuna ukuthi abantu “basebenze ngqo noma ngokungaqondile / ekusithekeni” basebenzela uMonsanto. Le nkampani ifuna "abantu bavuke bamemeze ukuthi iGlyphosate ayiyona into enobuthi," ngokusho kwentambo ye-imeyili. Ukuze uhlelo lusebenze “kungadingeka ukuthi bahlukanise iMonsanto ngokuhlangana ngqo nochwepheshe noma sizomosha imali engu- $ 1,000 / ngosuku laba bantu abayibizayo.”
  • Le ntambo ye-imeyili ekhangayo evela ngoJanuwari 2015 ikhuluma ngomsebenzi wezitshalo waseMonsanto osethathe umhlalaphansi owabika enkampanini ukuthi utholakale ene-Hairy cell leukemia, uhlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ubhale ukuthi "unezibalo zegazi ezingajwayelekile" ngaphambi kokuthatha umhlalaphansi, futhi wayezibuza ukuthi ngabe ukuxilongwa kwakhe "kuhlobene nokusebenza kuwo wonke amakhemikhali" esitshalweni senkampani. "Ithimba lemiphumela emibi" lenkampani libuyekeze udaba lwayo kanti uMonsanto "ongumhlengikazi wezempilo" umtshele ukuthi bebengakatholi ukuhlangana phakathi "kwesimo sakhe sezempilo" namakhemikhali esitshalweni lapho abesebenza khona. Zikhombisa futhi entanjeni ye-imeyili ukuthi asikho isidingo sokwazisa i-EPA. I-imeyili eyodwa yangoNovemba 21, 2014 ebhalwe kabanzi ibhalela “Abasebenzi baseMonsanto” evela ethimbeni lemiphumela emibi yazisa abasebenzi ukuthi yize i-EPA idinga ukubikwa kolwazi ngemiphumela emibi yemikhiqizo yezibulala-zinambuzane njengokulimala noma izinkinga zempilo, abasebenzi akufanele bazise i-EPA ngokwabo uma bazi ngezinkinga ezinjalo. Abasebenzi kufanele "bathumele ngokushesha" imininingwane kwiyunithi yemiphumela emibi yenkampani esikhundleni salokho.
  • Ngabe iMonsanto ibambisene ku-AHS Study? IMonsanto kanye nomnikazi omusha uBayer baphindaphinde ukufuna ukuphikisana nezifundo eziningi ezibonisa ubudlelwane phakathi kwe-glyphosate herbicides kanye nomdlavuza ngokuhlola isifundo esisodwa - Isibuyekezo ku-US Government esekelwa yi-Agricultural Health Study (AHS) esingatholanga buhlobo phakathi kwe-glyphosate ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma . I-AHS iyingxenye eyisisekelo yokuvikela kwenkampani kumacala enkokhelo yemikhiqizo ye-Roundup. Kepha kube nemibuzo eminingi mayelana nesikhathi sokuvuselelwa kwe-AHS, egijime ngokubuyekezwa kontanga ngokushesha okukhulu kunokujwayelekile emaphepheni abuyekezwa ngontanga. Isibuyekezo ikhishwe emphakathini ekuseni ngoNovemba 9, 2017 - ngosuku olufanayo nenkantolo ebucayi yokulalelwa kwecala lomdlavuza iRoundup. Bekuyi icashunwe nguMonsanto kulelo cala "njengokuthuthuka okukhulu" kanye nesizathu sokubambezeleka kwenqubo. UMeyi 11, 2015 I-Monsanto yangaphakathi “Isiphakamiso Samaphrojekthi Womhlangano We-Post-IARC”Ixoxa ngokubakhona kwe-“ AHS Collaboration. ” IMonsanto ibize lesi siphakamiso ngokuthi “sikhanga kakhulu” njengoba kuzovela ukuthi iMonsanto “ibikude kakhulu” nalolu cwaningo.
  • Yize kukhulunywa kakhulu “ngezifundo ezingama-800”Okukhombisa ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate Monsanto kuvunyiwe ukufayila okufushane ukuthi "ayikaze ibone noma yiziphi izinyanga eziyi-12 noma ngaphezulu izifundo zobuthi ezingapheli eziye zenziwa ku-glyphosate equkethe ukwakheka obekutholakala ukuthengiswa e-United States kusukela ngoJuni 29, 2017."

Izindaba ezihlukile zenothi -

Ufakazi wesayensi wabamangali uDkt Christopher Portier ngeke eze eSan Francisco ukuzofakaza ecaleni njengoba bekuhleliwe. UPortier wahlaselwa yisifo senhliziyo ngesikhathi e-Australia ekuqaleni kukaJanuwari futhi usalulama.

Esinyathelweni esamukelwe ngabameli babamangali, iJaji laseMelika uVincent Chhabria ngoMsombuluko uthe yena angavumela ubufakazi obuthile maqondana nokusolwa kwesipoki kukaMonsanto kwezifundo zesayensi esigabeni sokuqala secala elizayo naphezu kwemizamo kaMonsanto yokugcina ubufakazi bungekho kuze kube futhi ngaphandle kokuthi kuvele isigaba sesibili secala. Ubufakazi bemizamo kaMonsanto yokuthonya abalawuli nososayensi nabo bangavunyelwa esigabeni sokuqala, kusho uChabria. UChhabria ukhiphe umyalelo wokuthi icala liqulwe phakathi, okusho ukuthi isigaba sokuqala sizobhekana kuphela nezinsolo zembangela. Uma ijaji lithola ukuthi ukubulala ukhula kukaMonsanto kubangele umdlavuza wommangali u-Edwin Hardeman kuzobanjwa isigaba sesibili sokuhlola ukuziphatha kukaMonsanto.

January 18, 2019

Isethi Yokuzwa Yobufakazi

Isikhathi sihamba lapho kufikwa ecaleni elikhulu. IJaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria usethe ukuqulwa kwecala lokumangalelwa ngoJanuwari 28 ngo-9 ekuseni ngokwesikhathi sendawo enkantolo yenhlangano eSan Francisco ukuthi kulandelwe ukulalelwa kwe- "Daubert" ngalolo suku ngo-2 ntambama Ukulalelwa kwamacala kuzocubungula ubufakazi nezazi ezizobaluleka ecaleni lokuqala lombuso lokuthatha izimangalo zokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula esuselwa eMonsanto i-glyphosate ingadala umdlavuza kanti iMonsanto izimbozile izingozi. Ukurekhodwa kwevidiyo kwamacala kuyavunyelwa.

UChhabria uthathe isinyathelo esingajwayelekile sokuvumelana nesicelo esivela kubameli abamele iMonsanto nomnikazi wayo uBayer AG sokuqulwa kwecala. Isigaba sokuqala, ngokwesicelo sikaMonsanto, sizosebenza kuphela ngobufakazi obufanele - uma imikhiqizo yaso idale umdlavuza ohlushwa ngummangali u-Edwin Hardeman. Ubufakazi bemizamo kaMonsanto yokulawula abalawuli kanye nezincwadi zesayensi kanye ne "ghost write" izindatshana ezahlukahlukene bezizokwethulwa kuphela esigabeni sesibili secala uma amajaji esigabeni sokuqala ethola ukuthi ukubulala ukhula bekuyinto ebalulekile ekubangeleni umdlavuza kaHardeman.

Amaqembu awaboni ngaso linye ngokuthi yibuphi ubufakazi okufanele buvunyelwe esigabeni senkinga.

IMonsanto icele ngqo ijaji ukuthi likhiphe ebufakazini:

  • I-imeyili ka-2001 echaza izingxoxo zangaphakathi maqondana nocwaningo oluzimele lwezifo olushicilelwe ngalowo nyaka.
  • I-imeyili yangaphakathi yango-2015 ephathelene nobudlelwano benkampani kanye nokuxhaswa kwe-American Council on Science and Health, iqembu elizimele ngokuzimela embonini njengoba lithuthukisa imiyalezo yokuphepha mayelana nemikhiqizo ye-glyphosate.
  • Uchungechunge lwe-imeyili lwango-2015 olufaka ukuphawula kwangaphakathi ngusosayensi waseMonsanto uBill Heydens mayelana neqhaza ama-surfactants alibambayo kwimikhiqizo eyenziwe nge-glyphosate.

Ngokuthola iphuzu 1, abameli bakaHardeman bathe abahlose ukuzama ukwethula ubufakazi "ngaphandle uma umnyango uvulwa nguMonsanto."

Ngephoyinti 2, baphinde bathi abahlose ukwethula izincwadi ze-ACSH “ngaphandle kokuthi iMonsanto ithembele ezikhundleni zesayensi ze-ACSH ezingenamsoco maqondana ne-carcinogenicity” yama-glyphosate-based formulations “noma ukuhlaselwa kwe-IARC kwe-glyphosate.”

Ngokuqondene nochungechunge lwe-imeyili luka-Heydens lwango-2015, abameli bakaHardeman bathi izincwadi ziyawukhanyisela lo mbuzo. I-imeyili kaHeydens ibhekisa emiphumeleni yocwaningo lwango-2010 olubizwa ngoGeorge et al., Oluthole ukwanda okuphawulekayo kwezimila esikhunjeni samagundane kulandela ukuvezwa komkhiqizo owenziwe ngeRoundup. Ucwaningo luthembele kochwepheshe bezimbangela zabamangali.

Incwadi emfushane ibeka izikhundla ngamaqembu aphikisayo ulapha.

Odabeni olwehlukile - ukuvalwa komsebenzi okuqhubekayo kukahulumeni kungathinta usuku lokuqulwa kwecala likaHardeman lwangoFebhuwari 25. Ijaji Chhabria lithe alihlosile ukucela amajaji ukuba ahlale ecaleni ngaphandle kokukhokhelwa.

January 16, 2019

Imibhalo emisha yeMonsanto idalula ukuxhumana okuthokomele nentatheli yeReuters

NguCarey Gillam 

(Vuselela ngo-Ephreli 25, 2019) 

Besazi ngemibhalo esivele ikhishwe ukuthi intatheli yeReuters uKate Kelland ubeyisixhumanisi esiyinhloko seMonsanto emzameni wayo wokubukela phansi nokuhlambalaza ososayensi beWorld Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ababeka i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen engaba khona ngo-2015. unobufakazi obengeziwe bokuqina kokuxhumeka.

UKelland akazange abhale nje kuphela udaba lwango-2017 uMonsanto amcela ukuba alubhale ngqo ngendlela umphathi we-Monsanto uSam Murphey amcele ngayo ukuba ayibhale, (ngaphandle kokudalula kubafundi ukuthi uMonsanto wayengumthombo,) kepha manje sibona ubufakazi bokuthi uhlaka Indaba ehlukile uKelland ayenzile mayelana ne-glyphosate kwaba zilethwe eMonsanto  ngaphambi kokuthi ushicilelwe, umkhuba ovame ukubukelwa phansi yizikhungo zezindaba.

Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi indaba ebhalwe nguKelland yathunyelwa nge-imeyili ngaphambi kokuthi ishicilelwe eMurphey enesihloko esithi “Okusalungiswa Kwami, Okuyimfihlo.”

Indaba, eyayinesihloko esithi "Ucwaningo olusha ngombulali wokhula waseMonsanto ukuze angene kuvoti elibalulekile le-EU," yayimayelana nokutholwa kokuqala kocwaningo olungashicilelwanga ngusosayensi wase-Italiya olukhombisa ukuthi amagundane okuhlola avezwe ku-glyphosate emazingeni alingana nalezo ezivunyelwe kubantu awakhombisanga kubi kwasekuqaleni ukusabela. Uhlobo lokugcina ishicilelwe ngo-Ephreli 13, i-2017.

Futhi enye i-imeyili esanda kukhishwa Imininingwane yokuthi izigxivizo zeminwe zikaMonsanto zazingenani ezinye izindaba ezimbili zaseKelland. I-imeyili kaMashi 1, 2016 ikhuluma ngokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto Umkhankaso we- "Red Flag"  endabeni esivele ishicilelwe yeReuters eyayigxeka i-IARC kanye nesifiso sokuthonya indaba yesibili efanayo iReuters yayihlela. IRed Flag yinkampani ese-Dublin-based PR kanye ne-lobbying firm esebenza ukuvikela ukuphepha kwe-glyphosate futhi ikhuthaze imiyalezo ye-pro-glyphosate ngokusebenzisa abantu besithathu njengamaqembu abalimi. Ngokwe-imeyili eyakhiwe kabusha, "kulandela ukubandakanyeka kweRed Flag ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezedlule, ucezu lokuqala lwalugxeka kakhulu i-IARC." I-imeyili iyaqhubeka: “Ungase futhi wazi ukuthi iRed Flag iyaxhumana neReuters mayelana nombiko wesibili ochungechungeni…”

Isikhathi esingaphezu kwenyanga kamuva, abakwaReuters bashicilela indaba kaKelland "Umbiko Okhethekile: Indlela i-World Health Organisation agency yomdlavuza edida ngayo abathengi." 

Lezo zambulo zilandela ukuvezwa ekuqaleni konyaka wezincwadi ze-imeyili ezichaza ukuthi uKelland wasiza kanjani uMonsanto ukuba aqhube indaba engamanga ngososayensi womdlavuza u-Aaron Blair endimeni yakhe njengenhloko yeqembu elisebenzayo le-IARC elahlukanisa i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen engenzeka. Ku-ternal Monsanto izincwadi yangomhla ka-Ephreli 27, 2017 ikhombisa ukuthi isikhulu esiphezulu seMonsanto uSam Murphey sathumela ukulandisa kwenkampani kuKelland nge indawo yesilayidi yamaphuzu okukhuluma nezingxenye zokufakwa kukaBlair ezingafakwanga enkantolo. 

NgoJuni 14, 2017, uKelland wabhala indaba enempikiswano ngokususelwa kulokho athe “yimibhalo yasenkantolo,” lokho empeleni kwakuyimibhalo ayiphiwa nguMurphey. Ngoba imibhalo uKelland akhulume ngayo ayifakwanga ngempela enkantolo ibingatholakali esidlangalaleni ukuze ihlolwe amaqiniso ngabafundi. Ngokufaka ngamanga imininingwane ngokuthi isuselwa kumadokhumende asenkantolo wayegwema ukudalula iqhaza likaMonsanto ekuqhubeni le ndaba.

Lapho le ndaba iphuma, iveze uBlair njengokufihla "imininingwane ebalulekile" engatholi ukuxhumana phakathi kwe-glyphosate nomdlavuza ovela e-IARC. UKelland ubhale ukuthi ukufakwa kwemali kukhombisile ukuthi uBlair "uthe imininingwane ibizoguqula ukuhlaziywa kwe-IARC" noma ngabe ukubuyekezwa ukubekwa kwangempela kukhombisa ukuthi uBlair akashongo lokho.

UKelland akazange axhumanise nemibhalo ayikhombile, okwenza abafundi bangakwazi ukuzibona ukuthi uphambuke kangakanani ekunembeni.

Indaba yathathwa yimithombo yezindaba emhlabeni jikelele, futhi kukhuthazwe yiMonsanto kanye nabalingani bemboni yamakhemikhali. Izikhangiso zeGoogle zaze zathengwa zaphakamisa le ndaba. Le ndaba iphinde yasetshenziswa yiMonsanto ukuhlasela i-IARC ezingxenyeni eziningi, kufaka phakathi umzamo weMonsanto ukwenza iCongress ihlwithe imali kusuka ku-IARC.

Akukho lutho olungalungile ngokwemvelo ekwamukeleni iziphakamiso zezindaba ezizuzisa izinkampani ezivela ezinkampanini uqobo. Kwenzeka ngaso sonke isikhathi. Kepha izintatheli kumele zikhuthalele ukwethula amaqiniso, hhayi inkulumo-ze yenkampani.

Umhleli weReuters uMike Williams uvikele umsebenzi kaKelland futhi wenqabile ukukhipha ukucaciswa noma ukulungiswa kocezu luka-Aaron Blair. Uthe "Bekungucucu omkhulu, futhi ngimi eduze kwawo ngokuphelele."

Umhleli “wezokuziphatha” wakwaReuters u-Alix Freedman naye uyayisekela indaba kaKelland kaBlair, yize kunobufakazi bokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto nokungadalulwa kwalokhu kubandakanyeka kubafundi. "Siyaziqhenya ngakho futhi simi ngemuva," kusho uFreedman nge-imeyili.

Ngokwami, ngichithe iminyaka eyi-17 ngiyintatheli eReuters ngifaka iMonsanto futhi ngishaqekile ngalokhu kwephulwa kwezindinganiso zobuntatheli. Kuyaphawuleka ikakhulukazi ukuthi u-Alix Freedman ungumuntu ofanayo ongitshele ukuthi angivunyelwe ukubhala ngezifundo eziningi ezizimele zesayensi ye-glyphosate kaMonsanto ekhombisa imiphumela emibi.

Okungenani, uKelland bekufanele athembeke kubafundi futhi avume ukuthi iMonsanto yayingumthombo wakhe - kuleyo ndaba, futhi ngokusobala abanye abaningi. AbakwaReuters bakweleta umhlaba - ne-IARC - ukuxolisa.

Ngemininingwane engaphezulu ngalesi sihloko, bona lo mbhalo.

January 10, 2019

Imininingwane eminingi kumingcele Imiqulu emikhulu kakhulu yobufakazi

Kulabo abafuna imininingwane eyengeziwe mayelana nokucabanga kanye nokuhlelwa kabusha kwesinqumo sejaji lasenkantolo yenhlangano yokukhawulela inani elikhulu lobufakazi obuhlobene nokuxhumana kwangaphakathi kukaMonsanto nokuziphatha kusukela ecaleni lokuqala lombuso, lo mbhalo kokulalelwa kukaJanuwari 4 ngalolu daba kuyafundisa.

Nakhu ukushintshana phakathi kommeli wommangali uBrent Wisner kanye neJaji uVince Chhabria okukhombisa ukukhungatheka nokwesaba abameli bommangali abanomkhawulo wobufakazi babo ekuqondiseni imbangela, ngobufakazi obuningi obuphathelene nokuziphatha kukaMonsanto nokuxhumana kwangaphakathi kuvinjelwe. Ijaji lithe ubufakazi buzongena kuphela esigabeni sesibili secala uma amajaji esigabeni sokuqala ethola ukuthi imikhiqizo kaMonsanto's Roundup ibambe iqhaza elikhulu kakhulu kumdlavuza wommangali.

Mnu. WISNER: Nasi isibonelo esihle: Isazi sezobuthi esikhulu sikaMonsanto,
UDonna Farmer, ubhala nge-imeyili: Asikwazi ukusho ukuthi Roundup
ayibangeli umdlavuza. Asikakwenzi ukuhlolwa okudingekayo
kumkhiqizo owenziwe.
INKANTOLO: Lokho bekungeke kungene - ukusabela kwami ​​esiswini
wukuthi lokho bekungeke kungene esigabeni sokuqala.
Mnu. WISNER: Ngakho-ke lokho empeleni kuyinduna kaMonsanto
i-toxicologist - umuntu onolwazi oluningi nge-Roundup
kunanoma ngubani omunye emhlabeni - ethi -
INKANTOLO: Umbuzo uthi ngabe ubanga umdlavuza,
hhayi ukuthi - hhayi umbono kaMlimi ngalokho uMonsanto angakusho noma
angisho. Imayelana nalokho okukhonjiswa yisayensi empeleni.
Mnu. UMLALEKI: Impela. Ukhuluma ngokoqobo nge
isayensi abangayenzanga.
INKANTOLO: Amathumbu ami ukuthi lokho empeleni kuyi-a
Umbuzo olula impela, nempendulo yalokho kulula
Umbuzo uthi lokho akungeni esigabeni sokuqala. ”

Hlala ubukele….

January 9, 2019

ISheduli Ebekwe Yijaji

Isivivinyo sokuqala sikahulumeni ku-Roundup Products Liability Litigation kungenzeka ukuthi sisengaphezulu kwenyanga kude, kepha ikhalenda limatasa nabameli ezinhlangothini zombili. Bheka ngezansi uhlelo olubekwe ijaji ngokulandelana kufakwe izolo:

ISIQONDISO SE-PRETRIAL oda. 63: UKUFIKA KWEZIMPAHLA ZOKUPHILA KWESILINGO SEBELLWETHER.

Ukulalelwa kobufakazi kusethwe ngo-1/28/2019/09: 00 ekuseni eSan Francisco, Igumbi Lenkantolo 04, Isitezi se-17 phambi kweJaji uVince Chhabria.

UDkt Shustov's UDaubert Ukuzwa kulungiselelwe u-1/28/2019/02: 00 PM eSan Francisco, Igumbi Lenkantolo 04, Isitezi se-17 phambi kweJaji uVince Chhabria.

Ukukhethwa kweJury ukuqedela uhlu lwemibuzo olwengeziwe ehhovisi labasizi bejaji (hhayi kwirekhodi noma enkantolo) elibekelwe umhlaka 2/13/2019 08:30 AM eSan Francisco.

Ukukhethwa kweJury (ubunzima kanye nenselelo kubangelwa ukuthethwa kwecala nabameli kanye neNkantolo) ebekelwe umhlaka 2/15/2019 10:30 AM eSan Francisco, eNkantolo yaseNkantolo 04, ku-17 Floor phambi kweJaji uVince Chhabria.

January 7, 2019

Unyaka Omusha Uqale Kakhulu IMonsanto

Unyaka omusha uqale ngamandla eMonsanto njengoba uphiko lweBayer selungena ecaleni lalo lesibili ngezinsolo zokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula iRoundup namanye ama-glyphosate abangela umdlavuza. Ku- Januwari 3 isinqumo, IJaji Lesifunda lase-US uVince Chhabria uzenqabile izimpikiswano zabameli abamele izisulu zomdlavuza futhi waba sohlangothini lweMonsanto ekunqumeni ukuvimba ama-jurors ekuzweni ingxenye enkulu yobufakazi abathi abamangali bathi ikhombisa imizamo kaMonsanto yokukhohlisa nokuthonya abalawuli esigabeni sokuqala secala. Esinqumweni sokuhlukanisa icala, uChhabria uthe amajaji azobuzwa lobo bufakazi kuphela uma eqala avuma ukuthi umbulali wokhula kaMonsanto ube negalelo elibonakalayo ekwenzeni ukuthi ummangali angabi yiHodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

“Ingxenye enkulu yecala labamangali ifaka ukuhlaselwa kweMonsanto ngenhloso yokuzama ukuthonya ama-ejensi alawulayo nokukhohlisa umbono womphakathi maqondana ne-glyphosate. Lezi zinkinga zihambisana nokulimala kokujeziswa kanye neminye imibuzo yesikweletu. Kepha uma kukhulunywa ngokuthi ngabe i-glyphosate idale i-NHL kommangali, lezi zinkinga ikakhulukazi ziyisiphazamiso, futhi zibalulekile kulokho, ”kusho umyalo wejaji.

Wabhala ngokubhala, "uma abamangali benobufakazi bokuthi iMonsanto ilawule imiphumela yezifundo zesayensi, ngokungafani nezinqumo ze-ejensi noma umbono womphakathi maqondana nalezo zifundo, lobo bufakazi bungamukeleka esigabeni senhlangano."

Ukukhethwa kwabasizi bejaji kulindeleke ukuthi kuqale uFebhuwari 20 kanti kuzobe kuqala ukuqulwa kwecala ngoFebhuwari 25 eSan Francisco. Icala lelo U-Edwin Hardeman v. Monsanto.

Khonamanjalo, ummangali u-Lee Johnson,owayeyisisulu sokuqala somdlavuza ukuyisa uMonsanto enkantolo, ngokuwina isinqumo senkantolo ngazwi linye ngokumelene nenkampani ngo-Agasti, naye uphumelele isicelo sakhe eNkantolo Yesifunda Yokudluliswa Kwamacala yokuqala ngokusingathwa ngokushesha kwesikhalazo sikaMonsanto salowo mklomelo wejaji. IMonsanto isiphikisile isicelo sikaJohnson sokuthi "athande ikhalenda," kepha inkantolo isivumile isicelo ngoDisemba 1, yanikeza iMonsanto izinsuku ezingama-27 ukuthi ifake isifinyezo sayo sokuvula.

December 20, 2018

Ijaji Lesifunda sase-US uVince Chhabria Ngeke Abuse Kuze kube uJanuwari

IJaji Lesifunda saseMelika uVince Chhabria ngoLwesine uthe ngeke aze akhiphe isinqumo kuze kube nguJanuwari ngodaba oluphikisanayo lokuhlukaniswa kwecala lokuqala likahulumeni, okulindeleke ukuthi liqale ngoFebhuwari. Abameli babamangali kanye neMonsanto ayeyalwe ukufaka yonke imibiko yochwepheshe babo ngoLwesihlanu, Disemba 21 ukusiza uChabria esinqumweni sakhe.

December 18, 2018

Abameli bakaMonsanto / Bayer Baphendula

Abameli beMonsanto / Bayer baphendule ngoLwesihlanu kwizicelo zokuqokwa kwamarekhodi eziphathelene namarekhodi angaphakathi angamakhulu ambalwa eMonsanto, befuna ukugcina iningi labo livaliwe liphikisana nezicelo ezivela kubameli babamangali. Abameli benkampani bavumile ukukhishwa kwemibhalo ethile yangaphakathi, engabekwa emphakathini kuleli sonto.

Okwamanje zombili izinhlangothi zilindele isinqumo esivela kuJaji weNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US uVince Chhabria ngomhlaka a ukunyakaza okwenziwe ngabameli bakaMonsanto ukuguqula kabusha bifurcate icala lokuqala lenkantolo yombuso ecaleni elibanzi lomdlavuza weRoundup. Leli cala kulindeleke ukuthi liqale ngoFebhuwari 25 futhi lithathwa njenge-bellwether elizobeka isiteji sokuthi amanye amacala aqhubeka kanjani futhi / noma axazululwe kanjani.

IMonsanto ingathanda ukuthi izivivinyo zenkantolo yenhlangano ziqhutshwe ngezigaba ezimbili — isigaba sokuqala esigxile ekubangekeni kwezokwelapha - ingabe ukubulala ukhula kwenkampani kubangele umdlavuza wommangali othile - kanti isigaba sesibili ukubhekana nesikweletu kuphela uma abamangali benqoba esigabeni sokuqala.

Izingqinamba zezimbangela kanye nomonakalo wesinxephezelo “zihlukile futhi azifani nezinsolo zobudedengu bukaMonsanto nokuziphatha kwenkampani futhi kuzobandakanya ubufakazi kofakazi abehlukene,” kusho le nkampani. Ukuhlukanisa phakathi kwemigwaqo kuzogwema “ukubambezeleka okungafanele ekuxazululeni leli cala…”

Abameli babamangali phikisana nokuhlukaniswa okuhlukile ukusho ukuthi lo mbono "awuzwakali" ezinkantolo zamanje zesifunda eziningi (MDL), nokuyinto uChabria ayengamele. Bangaphezu kuka-600 abasolwa abasolwa enkantolo yakhe abasolwa ngokuthi imishanguzo yokubulala ukhula esuselwa e-glyphosate-based based yabangela umdlavuza wabamangali, kanti iMonsanto yehluleka ukuxwayisa abathengi ngobungozi bemikhiqizo yayo.

“Akukaze kwenziwe, futhi kunesizathu esizwakalayo,” kusho abameli babamangali enkantolo ngesikhathi kufakwa inkantolo ngoDisemba 13. “Inhloso yokuqulwa kwe-bellwether ukuvumela uhlangothi ngalunye ukuthi luvivinye imibono yabo nobufakazi obumelene nejaji lomhlaba wangempela futhi, ngethemba, ukuthi bafunde imininingwane ebalulekile mayelana namandla nobuthakathaka becala ukwazisa ngesinqumo esihlangene. Ukubeka umgoqo wenqubo ohlangothini olulodwa — ongaba ngumthengisi wezinto ezithile emacaleni ayi-10,000 XNUMX aqhubeka ezweni lonke — akuwufezi lowo mgomo. Kukhishwa noma yisiphi isinqumo kule MDL, noma ngabe yiliphi uhlangothi eliphumelelayo, akusizi. ”

Icala elilandelayo lecala lizobekwa ngoJanuwari 4.

December 14, 2018

Ummangali Ufuna Ukusingathwa Ngokudluliswa Kokudluliswa Kwezikhalazo Ngokushesha Kwempilo Yakhe

UDewayne “Lee” Johnson, ummangali wokuqala ukuthatha uMonsanto ayomangalela izinsolo ezibulala ukhula ezibangelwa yinkampani i-glyphosate ezibangela umdlavuza, kulindeleke ukuthi ahlinzwe namuhla ukuze kususwe isifo somdlavuza esisha engalweni yakhe.

Impilo kaJohnson ibiwohloka kusukela ekuphethweni kwecala ngo-Agasti nokuphazamiseka ekwelashweni ngenxa yokuphela kwesikhashana komshwalense. Akakatholi zimali ezivela enkantolo ngenxa yezikhalazo uMonsanto abhebhezelwa zona ngemuva kokunqoba kwenkantolo kaJohnson. UMonsanto udlulisa isinqumo ngesinqumo esingu- $ 78 million, esancishiswa yijaji elaliqhamuka emkhankasweni wejaji wama- $ 289 million.

UJohnson wafaka isaziso enkantolo ngo-Okthoba ukuthi uzowamukela lo mklomelo owehlisiwe. Kepha ngenxa yokuthi uMonsanto udlulile, abameli bakaJohnson nabo bafake isicelo sokudlulisa icala, befuna ukubuyisela umklomelo wejaji.

Inkantolo Yokudlulisa Amacala yaseCalifornia, 1st Isifunda sokudluliswa kwamacala, inombolo yecala ngu-  A155940.

Abameli bakaJohnson bafuna ukusheshiswa kokuphathwa kwesikhalazo futhi bathi banethemba lokuthi izokwaziswa ngokushesha ngo-Ephreli.

“Kukhona… maningi amathuba okuthi uMnu Johnson uzofa ngo-2019,” i Isiphakamiso sommangali sithi.

UJohnson, ohlela ukuqala kabusha i-immunotherapy ngemuva kokuhlinzwa kwakhe, akusho ukuthi uyavumelana.

“Ngiyakuzonda ukucabanga ngokufa,” kusho yena enkulumweni eshicilelwe ku-Time Magazine. “Ngisho noma ngizwa sengathi ngiyafa, ngivele ngizenzele ukudlula lapho. Nginomuzwa wokuthi awukwazi ukunikela kuso, ukuxilongwa, isifo, ngoba-ke ufile ngempela. Angazihluphi ngefu lokufa, imicabango emnyama, ukwesaba. Ngihlelela impilo emnandi. ”

December 13, 2018

Izicathulo eziningi zeMonsanto (Imibhalo) Isethelwe kuDrop

Inkampani yabammeli iBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman, ebibambisene neMiller Firm ekunqobeni ukunqoba okungokomlando kommangali uDewayne Lee Johnson phezu kweMonsanto ngo-Agasti, ifuna ukususwa kwamakhasi angamakhulu amaningana amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto atholakala ngokutholakala kepha kuze kube manje ugcinwe uvaliwe.

U-Baum Hedlund ngonyaka odlule wakhipha amakhulu amanye amarekhodi angaphakathi eMonsanto afaka phakathi ama-imeyili, ama-memos, imiyalezo kanye nokunye ukuxhumana okwaba nomthelela esinqumweni esisodwa sokuthola ukuthi iMonsanto yasebenza "ngobubi" ngokungaxwayisi amakhasimende ngezinkinga zesayensi mayelana nokubulala ukhula kwayo okususelwa ku-glyphosate . Imithombo yeJury ithi lawo marekhodi angaphakathi abenomthelela omkhulu emiklomelweni yabo yokulimaza engu- $ 250 million yokujeziswa kweMonsanto, ijaji kuleli cala elehlise laba ngama- $ 39 million ngomklomelo ophelele ka- $ 78 million.

Abameli babamangali ezilingo ezimbili ezizayo bathi amarekhodi eMonsanto angakaze abonwe esidlangalaleni phambilini azoba yingxenye yobufakazi obusha abahlela ukubethula kulezi zivivinyo.

Namuhla futhi kungumnqamulajuqu wokuthi abameli babamangali baphendule esinyakazweni sikaMonsanto esithi “buyisela emuva bifurcate” icala likaFebhuwari 25 elibekelwe iNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US esiFundeni esiseNyakatho neCalifornia. (bona ukufakwa kukaDisemba 11 ngezansi ukuthola eminye imininingwane)

December 12, 2018

Ijaji elisha liqokwe ecaleni likaPilliod

Ijaji laseNkantolo Ephakeme Yase-Alameda County u-Ioana Petrou, osechithe isikhathi esingaphezu konyaka ebambe iqhaza enkantolo yamacala omdlavuza we-Roundup futhi wahlala ezinsukwini eziningi ekwethulweni kobufakazi besayensi ngabamangali nochwepheshe bezokuvikela enkantolo yomfelandawonye ngoMashi 2017, akekho kuleli cala . Umphathi waseCalifornia uJerry Brown wamemezela ngoNovemba 21 ukuthi uPetrou uqokelwe ubulungiswa obusondelene naye, iDivision Three yeNkantolo Yokuqala Yokudlulisa Amacala.

IJaji uWinifred Smith uqokwe esikhundleni sikaPetrou ukwengamela icala likaPilliod V. Monsanto, okulindeleke ukuthi liqulwe ngoMashi 8 e-Oakland, eCalifornia. USmith waqokwa nguMphathi uGrey Davis ngoNovemba 2000, futhi ngaphambi kokuqokwa kwakhe, wasebenza njengesekela lomsizi wommeli-jikelele woMnyango Wezobulungiswa eSan Francisco.

Icala likaPilliod lizoba ngelesithathu ukuthethwa kwecala elibhekene ne-Roundup mass tort. U-Alva Pilliod nomkakhe u-Alberta Pilliod, bobabili abaseminyakeni yama-70s futhi abashade iminyaka engama-48, basola ukuthi umdlavuza wabo - izinhlobo ze-non-Hodgkin lymphoma - kungenxa yokuchayeka kwabo isikhathi eside kuRoundup. Iminyaka yabo esezingeni eliphezulu kanye nokuxilongwa komdlavuza kuqinisekisa ukuqulwa kwecala ngokushesha, ngokokugcwaliswa kwenkantolo ngabameli babo. UMonsanto uphikisana nesicelo sabo sosuku lokuqulwa kwecala olusheshayo kepha uPetrou wathola ukuthi ukugula kanye neminyaka yalombhangqwana kufanele ikhethwe. I-Alberta inomdlavuza wobuchopho kuyilapho u-Alva enenkinga yomdlavuza ohlasele ukhalo nomgogodla. U-Alva watholakala ngo-2011 kwathi i-Alberta yatholakala ngo-2015. Basebenzise i-Roundup kusukela cishe maphakathi nawo-1970 kwaze kwaba yiminyaka embalwa edlule.

Isimangalo sePilliod sinanela abanye lapho bethi "iMonsanto ihole umkhankaso wesikhathi eside wolwazi olungelona iqiniso ukuze kuqinisekiswe izinhlaka zikahulumeni, abalimi kanye nomphakathi jikelele ukuthi iRoundup iphephile."

December 11, 2018

Abameli Babambana Phambi Kwesilingo Esilandelayo

Ngokuqulwa kwecala elilandelayo enkantolo yamacala omdlavuza weRoundup abekelwe uFebhuwari 25 eSan Francisco, abameli beMonsanto kanye nabamangali bayaphikisana nokuthatha imali engaphezulu kweshumi nambili emasontweni kaDisemba nangoJanuwari njengoba bephikisana ngokuthi icala kufanele zihleleke.

Abameli beMonsanto ngoDisemba 10 bafaka isiphakamiso sokuthi "kubuyiselwe emuva bifurcate" icala elilandelayo, U-Edwin Hardeman V. Monsanto (3: 16-cv-00525). IMonsanto ifuna ukuthi ijaji lilalele kuphela ubufakazi obugxile kunkambiso ethile yezokwelapha kuqala - ingabe ukhula lwalo olubulala ukhula lwadala umdlavuza wommangali - ngesigaba sesibili esizobhekana nesibopho seMonsanto kanye nomonakalo odingekayo kuphela uma ijaji litholwa ngummangali esigabeni sokuqala. Bheka Impikiswano kaMonsanto lapha. IJaji uChhabria unikeze isicelo sabameli bommangali ukuthi bavunyelwe kuze kube nguLwesine ukufaka impendulo yabo.

U-Edwin Hardeman nomkakhe bachitha iminyaka eminingi behlala endaweni engamahektare angama-56, okuyisiphephelo sangaphambilini sezilwane eSonoma County, eCalifornia lapho uHardeman wayehlala esebenzisa imikhiqizo yakwaRoundup ukwelapha utshani nokhula obukhule kakhulu kusukela ngawo-1980. Kutholwe ukuthi une-B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngoFebhuwari 2015, inyanga nje ngaphambi kokuthi i-International Agency for Research on Cancer imemezele ukuthi i-glyphosate iyingozi yomdlavuza womuntu.

Icala likaHardeman lakhethwa njengelokuqala ukuqulwa enkantolo yaseSan Francisco (esifundeni esiseNyakatho neCalifornia) phambi kweJaji uVince Chhabria. Ummeli u-Aimee Wagstaff waseDenver, eColorado, ungummeli wommangali ohola leli cala. Ummeli uBrent Wisner wenkampani yabammeli iBaum Hedlund eLos Angeles, kanye nommeli owahlonishwa ngokuhola ukunqoba empumelelweni yomlando ka-Agasti ka-Dewayne Lee Johnson behlula iMonsanto, bekulindeleke ukuthi basize ekuzameni leli cala kodwa manje sekuzoba nelinye icala okumele liqale ngoMashi. Leli cala nguPilliod, et al V. Monsanto eNkantolo Ephakeme Yase-Alameda County. Bona amadokhumenti ahlobene ku- IMonsanto Papers ikhasi eliyinhloko.

Umnikazi omusha weMonsanto uBayer AG akanelisekile ngokuthembela eqenjini lecala likaMonsanto elahlulwa yicala likaJohnson futhi liletha iqembu lalo lezokuvikela. Ithimba leBayer, elisize inkampani yaseJalimane ukunqoba amacala okulwa ne-Xarelto blood thinner, manje sekubandakanya uPamela Yates no-Andrew Solow we-Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer noBrian Stekloff kaWilkinson Walsh Eskovitz.

Ukulalelwa kwezingqinamba ezithile kusethwe ecaleni likaHardeman likaFebhuwari 4, 6, 11, no-13 ngokukhethwa kwabasizi bejaji okuhlelelwe uFebhuwari 20. Ukuphikisana kokuvula kuzoqala ngoFebhuwari 25, ngokwesheduli yamanje.

December 6, 2018

Izinsuku Zokulingwa Ezizayo zeMonsanto

2/25/2019 - Inkantolo Yombuso - uHardeman
3/18/2019 - CA JCCP - Pilliod (2 abamangali)
4/1/2019 - ISt. Louis City Court - IHholo
4/22/2019 - ISt. Louis County Court - Gordon
5/25/2019 - IFederal Court - uStevick noma uGebeyehou
9/9/2019 - INkantolo Yesifunda saseSt. Louis - abamangali abayi-4
1/21/2020 - Inkantolo yaseSt. Louis City - abamangali abayi-10
3/23/2020 - Inkantolo yaseSt

November 21, 2018

Ingxoxo kaLee Johnson

UDewayne “Lee” Johnson waba ngumuntu wokuqala ukuyisa uMonsanto enkantolo esola ukuthi ukuvezwa kwe-Roundup herbicide kwamenza waba ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi inkampani yahlanganisa izingozi. Ngo-Agasti 2018, ijaji eSan Francisco ngazwi linye lathola ukuthi iMonsanto yehlulekile ukuxwayisa ngobungozi be-carcinogenic ye-Roundup herbicide nemikhiqizo ehlobene nayo, base benika uJohnson $ 289 million. Kamuva ijaji lanciphisa lelo nani laba amaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-78. UCarey Gillam ukhulume noJohnson ngemiphumela yecala lakhe kule ngxoxo yephephabhuku i-TIME: Ngiwine Icala Lomlando Kodwa Ngingaze Ngithole Imali

Thola Ukubuyekezwa Kwelungelo Lokwazi

Bhalisela incwadi yethu yezindaba yokuqhamuka kwezindaba ezivela ophenyweni lweLungelo Lokwazi, intatheli yezempilo yomphakathi ehamba phambili kanye nezinye izindaba zempilo yethu.