Ukuphishekela iqiniso nokwenza izinto obala kwezempilo yomphakathi

GMOs

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Funda Isimo se-US Right to Know kuma-GMO.

Ezolimo zanamuhla zenze ushintsho olukhulu kusukela maphakathi nawo-1990s nokwethulwa kwezitshalo ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo. Lokhu kudalwa kwe-transgenic akufani nokuzalanisa okujwayelekile kwendabuko, kufaka i-DNA evela kwezinye izinhlobo ngezindlela ezingenzeki emvelweni. IMonsanto Co., umqambi ohamba phambili wezinto ezibizwa ngokuthi izakhi zofuzo (GMOs), wakha uhla lwezitshalo ezinokuthambekela kofuzo okuzenza zingangeni kwi-herbicide glyphosate. Ezinye izinhlobo zezitshalo ze-GMO ziguqulwa ngokwezakhi zofuzo ukuze zibe nobuthi ezinambuzaneni ezingadla izitshalo. Ubhontshisi we-GMO nommbila yizinhlobo ezimbili ezithandwa kakhulu izitshalo ze-GMO ezitshalwa ngabalimi.

Izilimo ze-GMO zisetshenziswa kabanzi e-United States, ziphethe izigidi zamahektare zamapulazi ase-US, futhi seziyaziwa nasezifundeni ezilima ummbila zaseNingizimu Melika, kepha amanye amazwe ahamba kancane ukuzamukela.

Ama-GMO anempikiswano nabathengi abaningi emazweni amaningi ngoba, ngenkathi abalawuli base-US nososayensi abaningi nabasekeli be-GMO bethi izitshalo ziphephile, ezinye izifundo zikhombise imiphumela emibi yezempilo yabantu nezilwane, kanti izitshalo zihlotshaniswe nezinkinga ezithile zemvelo, kufaka phakathi ukhula nokumelana nezinambuzane, nokonakala kwempilo yomhlaba. Kukhona nokukhathazeka ukuthi ukusetshenziswa okubanzi kwe-glyphosate herbicide ezitshalweni ezibekezelela i-glyphosate GMO kushiya izinsalela zemithi yokubulala izinambuzane ekudleni okungaphazamisa impilo yabantu abagwinya ukudla okwenziwe ngalezo zilimo. Ngo-2015, i-World Health Organisation yathi kunobufakazi obanele besayensi bokuhlukanisa i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu.

Amazwe amaningi ayakwenqabela ukutshalwa kwezitshalo ze-GMO noma anezidingo eziqinile zokulebula.

Ukuvota okuningi kukhombisile ukuthi iningi labathengi baseMelika bathanda ukuphawulwa okuphoqelekile kokudla okwenziwe ngezithako ezakhiwe ngezakhi zofuzo, kepha izinkampani eziningi ezinkulu zokudla zanxenxa kakhulu ukuvimba ukufakwa kwelebheli okuyimpoqo futhi zathi kuzobiza, kungadingeki futhi kudideke kubathengi. Le mpikiswano yafika ezingeni eliphezulu ngo-2016 empini eyayiphakathi kweSenate yase-US. ICongress yagcina isidlulile, kwathi uMongameli uBarack Obama wasayina, umthetho ophethe ezinye izidingo zokubhalwa kwe-GMO, ngenkathi uvimbela noma yimiphi imithetho yombuso yokufaka amalebula ye-GMO.

Umthetho uyalela ukuthi amaphakheji amaningi okudla aphathe ilebula lombhalo, uphawu noma ikhodi ye-elektroniki efundwa yi-smartphone ekhombisa ukuthi ngabe ukudla kuqukethe izithako eziguqulwe izakhi zofuzo. Imboni yezokudla, ebiphikisana nokulebula, iwushayele ihlombe umthethosivivinywa, kuyilapho abameli bokufakwa kophawu besigxeka kakhulu lesi silinganiso ngoba asikho isidingo sokuthi ubukhona bamaGMO kushiwo kulebula. Abameli bokulebula bathi abathengi abaningi ngeke babe nesikhathi noma izinsiza zokuskena amalebula nge-smart phone.

 

Izinsizakusebenza ezibalulekile kuma-GMO

Ibhizinisi Le-Seedy: Yikuphi Ukudla Okukhulu Okucashile Ngomkhankaso Wayo we-PR osheshayo kuma-GMO.

Inhlangano Yezokuphepha Kokudla Ikhula Ide. URalph Nader, Huffington Post, Juni 20, 2014.

Akukho Ukuvumelana Kwezesayensi Ngokuphepha Kwe-GMOIsayensi Yezemvelo Yurophu, Januwari 24, 2015.

Izizathu Zokubhalwa Kokudla Kofuzo. UMichael Hansen, Inyunyana Yabathengi, Mashi 19, 2012.

Inhlekelele Yezokudla Ezayo. UDavid Schubert, CNN, Januwari 28, 2015.

Kungani Sidinga Amalebula we-GMO. UDavid Schubert, CNN, Februwari 3, 2014.

IMonsanto GM Soy iyesabeka ukwedlula indlela ocabanga ngayo. UTom Philpott, umama Jones, Ngo-Ephreli 23, i-2014.

Cishe Ingxenye Yawo Wonke Amapulazi ase-US Manje Anama-Superweeds. UTom Philpott, umama Jones, Februwari 6, i-2013.

Abanye be-GMO Cheerleaders Baphika Nokuguquka Kwesimo Sezulu. UTom Philpott, umama Jones, Okthoba 15, 2012.

Izinkampani ze-US GMO Crop Double Down on Imizamo Yokulwa Nelebula. UCarey Gillam, Reuters, Julayi 29. 2014.

Votela i-Dinner Party. UMichael Pollan, New York Times, Okthoba 10, 2012.

Ama-superweeds, ama-Superpests: Ifa lezibulala-zinambuzane. UJosie Garthwaite, New York Times, Okthoba 5, 2012.

Abaphenyi: Izilimo zeGM Zibulala Izimvemvane Zenkosi, Phela. umama Jones, Mashi 21, i-2012.

IMonsanto Corn Plant Ukulahlekelwa Ukuphikiswa Kwezimbungulu. UScott Kilman, Wall Street Journal, Agasti 29, i-2011.

Ama-GMO's: Masibhale i-Em. UMark Bittman, New York Times, Ngo-September 16, i-2012.

Ngabe Izinkampani Zembewu Zilawula Ucwaningo Lwezitshalo zeGM? Scientific American, Agasti, 2009.

Abalimi BaseMelika AbaseMidwestern Fighting Fight Explosion of 'Superweeds'. UCarey Gillam, Reuters, July 23, 2014.

Abahlaseli Batters Rural America, Shrugging Off Herbicides. UMichael Wines, New York Times, Agasti 11, i-2014.

Ama-Superweeds, ama-Superbugs, kanye ne-Superbusiness. UBrian DeVore, Utne Reader, Ngo-September 25, i-2013.

I-GMO Group Inyusa I-Social Media Push Yokwamukelwa Kwabathengi base-US. UCarey Gillam, Reuters, Februwari 11, i-2014.

Amaqembu we-Organic Food and Farm acela u-Obama ukuthi afune amalebuli wokudla we-GMO. UCarey Gillam, Reuters, Januwari 16, 2014.

Ummbila weGMO Uyehluleka Ukuvikela Izinsimu Ezilokazaneni -Bika. UCarey Gillam, Reuters, Agasti 28, i-2013.

Ukusetshenziswa Kwezibulala-zinambuzane Kukhuphuka njenge-GMO Crop Technology Backfires: Study. UCarey Gillam, Reuters, Okthoba 1, 2012.

Ukhula Olukhulu Alukho Ukulungiswa Okulula Kwezazi Zolimo zase-US. UCarey Gillam, Reuters, May 10, 2012.

Uhlelo Lwemfihlo Lwezimboni Lokuthola Amafidi Abulale Amalebula we-GMO Kuzo Zonke Izwe. UMichele Simon, Huffington Post, Novemba 8, 2013.

Ama-Big Shill Shill Azama Ukumisa Ukulebula Kwe-GMO eCalifornia. UMichele Simon, Huffington Post, Agasti 14. 2012.

Thola Ukubuyekezwa Kwelungelo Lokwazi

Bhalisela incwadi yethu yezindaba yokuqhamuka kwezindaba ezivela ophenyweni lweLungelo Lokwazi, intatheli yezempilo yomphakathi ehamba phambili kanye nezinye izindaba zempilo yethu.