Izintatheli Zehlulekile Ukudalula Ukuxhaswa Kwemithombo Evela eMonsanto: Umbiko Omfushane

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ukulandela a I-athikili ye-Columbia Journalism Review maqondana nokuthi ngabe izintatheli zesayensi kufanele zamukele imali kusuka kuzintshisekelo zebhizinisi, nokuthi ngabe kukhona yini ukudalulwa okwanele kobudlelwano bemithombo yenkampani kanye nokungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo, i-US Right to Know ibukeze izindatshana zakamuva ukuze zihlole ukuthi izintatheli nababhali bezingcaphuno bacaphuna imithombo yezemfundo kangaki ngaphandle kokusho ukuthi baxhaswa yi-agronhemical giant Monsanto, ekhiqiza ama-pesticides kanye nama-GMO.

Ukubuyekeza kwethu kutholakale izindatshana ezingama-27 zicaphuna (noma zabhalwa) oprofesa baseyunivesithi ngemuva kokuthola uxhaso lweMonsanto, kepha ngaphandle kokudalula leyo mali.

Lokhu ukuwa kwamazinga wobuntatheli. Lapho izintatheli zicaphuna imithombo mayelana nezinkinga zokudla ezifana nama-GMO noma ukudla okuphilayo, abafundi bafanele ukwazi ukuthi imithombo ixhaswe yiMonsanto noma kunezinye izingxabano zentshisekelo.

Umphumela oyinhloko wokwehluleka ukuveza lezi zingxabano zentshisekelo ukukhulisa ngokungafanele ukwethembeka kwezifundiswa ezixhaswe ngemali yiMonsanto, kanye nokwesekwa kwazo ngama-GMO kanye nokugxekwa kokudla okwenziwe ngemvelo, kuyilapho kuphazamisa ukuthembeka kwabameli babathengi.

Ukubuyekezwa kwethu kutholakale ukuthi imithombo yezindaba ephezulu ephezulu icaphune uProfesa waseYunivesithi yaseFlorida uKevin Folta noma uSolwazi u-Emeritus Bruce Chassy wase-University of Illinois ngaphandle kokudalula ukuthi osolwazi bathola uxhaso kuMonsanto. Ngokwamaphepha enyatheliswa yiNew York Times, USolwazi Folta ithole ukuxhaswa kweMonsanto in August 2014, noSolwazi Chassy ngo-Okthoba 2011, uma kungenjalo ngaphambili.

Okuningi kwalokhu kwehluleka kobuntatheli kwenzeka ezitolo ezinomthelela: amaphephandaba afana neNew York Times, Washington Post neChicago Tribune; izincwadi zesayensi ezifana ne-Nature, Science Insider ne-Discover; omagazini abanjengeNew Yorker, Wired nethi The Atlantic; kanye nezindawo zokusakaza ezifana ne-ABC ne-NPR.

Okulandelayo uhlu lwezindatshana zezindaba ezicaphuna (noma ezibhalwe) uProfesa Folta noChassy - ngemuva kokuthola imali yabo yeMonsanto - kodwa behluleka ukudalula ukuthi balutholile uxhaso lweMonsanto.

  1. I-New York Times: Ukuthatha Imboni Yezokudla, I-One Blog Post ngasikhathi. Ngu-Courtney Rubin, Mashi 13, 2015. (Uphinde wagijima ku- I-Sarasota Herald-Tribune.)
  2. I-New York Times: Izitha Zommbila Oguquliwe Zithola Ukuxhaswa Esifundweni. Ngu-Andrew Pollack, Septhemba 19, 2012.
  3. I-Washington Post: I-Kraft Mac & Ushizi Ivele I-Duller. Ungabonga (Noma Usole) 'Ingane Yokudla.NguMichael E. Miller, ngo-Ephreli 21, 2015. (Wabuye wagijima ku- Chicago Tribune.)
  4. I-Washington Post: Ubufakazi bokuthi Ungumfana Wezesayensi: UBill Nye Ushintsha Umqondo Wakhe Mayelana nama-GMO. NguPuneet Kollipara, Mashi 3, 2015.
  5. Imvelo: Abaphikisi beGM-Crop Bandisa Umsebenzi Wobudlelwano Phakathi Kososayensi Nezezimboni. NguKeith Kloor, Agasti 6, 2015.
  6. NPR: Ngabe Ukudla Babe Kungukuphaka Impi? Ososayensi Bayakhuluma. NguMaria Godoy, ngoFebhuwari 10, 2015.
  7. I-New Yorker: Umsebenzi. NguMichael Specter, ngoFebhuwari 4, 2013.
  8. I-Atlantic: I-Food Babe: Isitha Samakhemikhali. NguJames Hamblin, ngoFebhuwari 11, 2015.
  9. Intambo: Isishoshovu Sakwa-anti-GMO Sifuna Ukudalula Ama-imeyili Ososayensi ane-Big Ag. Ngu-Alan Levinovitz, ngoFebhuwari 23, 2015.
  10. Izindaba ze-ABC: Ososayensi Bathuthukisa ama-apula we-Hypo-Allergenic. NguGillian Mohney, Mashi 22, 2013.
  11. Isayensi ngaphakathi: Abaphenyi Bezolimo Baphikiswa Ngokufunwa Kwemibhalo Evela Eqenjini Eliphikisana Nezokudla Okuyi-GM. NguKeith Kloor, ngoFebhuwari 11, 2015.
  12. Ukubuyekezwa Kwezobuntatheli E-Columbia: Kungani Ososayensi Bavame Ukuzonda Izicelo Zamarekhodi. Ngu-Anna Clark, ngoFebhuwari 25, 2015.
  13. Thola: Incwadi Evulelekile eya kuBill Nye evela kuSosayensi Wezitshalo. NguKeith Kloor, ngoNovemba 10, 2014.
  14. Thola: Ungalinganisa Kanjani Ukungafihli Ngenkululeko Yezemfundo? NguKeith Kloor, ngoFebhuwari 27, 2015.
  15. Thola: I-Anti-GMO Group Ifuna Ama-imeyili Ososayensi BaseYunivesithi. NguKeith Kloor, ngoFebhuwari 11, 2015.
  16. I-Forbes: I-Zombie ihoxise iSerralini GMO Isifundo Samagundane Ommbila Ishicilelwe Ngokusabela Kososayensi Abanenzondo. NguJon Entine, ngoJuni 24, 2014.
  17. I-Forbes: Ngabe iNew Yorker Botch Puff Piece On Frog Scientist Tyrone Hayes, Ishintsha iRogue yaba yiBeleaguered Hero? NguJon Entine, Mashi 10, 2014.
  18. I-Forbes: Ungayibeka Ilipstick Engulubeni (Study), Kepha Isanuka. NguBruce M. Chassy noHenry I. Miller, ngoJulayi 17, 2013.
  19. I-Forbes: Usosayensi we-Anti-GMO uGilles-Eric Seralini, Isishoshovu uJeffrey Smith Uhoxise kwiNgxoxo Mpikiswano Yezokudla. NguJon Entine, ngoMeyi 29, 2013.
  20. I-Forbes: Ukonakala Okungalungile KuDkt Oz: Ochwepheshe Bezempilo bePop Abaphathi be-Anti-GM Food Rant; Ososayensi Buyela Emuva. NguJon Entine, Okthoba 19, 2012.
  21. I-Forbes: Ososayensi Banuka Igundane Esifundweni Sokukhohlisa Sobunjiniyela Bofuzo. Ngu-Henry I. Miller noBruce Chassy, ​​ngoSepthemba 25, 2012.
  22. I-Forbes: Isayensi Yezinto Ezingenjalo. NguBruce Chassy noHenry I. Miller, ngoFebhuwari 22, 2012.
  23. Irejista ye-Des Moines: Abathengi Badukiswa Ngokuphepha Kwe-Organic. NguJohn Block, Okthoba 10, 2014.
  24. Ilanga laseGainesville: Ukudla Okuguqulwe Ngokofuzo Kubhekana Nezithiyo. Ngu-Jeff Schweers, ngoJuni 29, 2014.
  25. I-Peoria Journal Star: Izitshalo Ze-Hybrid Ezivame Ukunikela Ngokuphikiswa Kwezimpande Zesibungu Akunakufaniswa Nemvelo Yomama. NguSteve Tarter, ngoJuni 21, 2014.
  26. I-Gawker: I-Blogger ethi "Ukudla Babe" Igcwele Shit. Ngu-Yvette d'Entremont, ngo-Ephreli 6, 2015.
  27. ILouis Post-Dispatch: ICalifornia Labeling Fight Ingakhuphula Amanani Okudla Wethu Sonke. NguDavid Nicklaus, Agasti 19, 2012.

Lokhu kumane nje kuyisibonelo esisodwa soprofesa ababili abangazange bakhonjwe njengabatholile uxhaso kuMonsanto, kepha nokho labo profesa ababili bathole ukudonsa okukhulu kwabezindaba njengochwepheshe “abazimele” kumaGMO nangokwemvelo. Isizathu esenza ukuthi osolwazi bavume ukuthi bathola uxhaso lweMonsanto kungenxa yama-imeyili angatholakalanga Izicelo ze-Freedom of Information Act ezifakwe yi-US Right to Know, iqembu labathengi.

Kukangaki kwenzeka ukuthi izintatheli ziveze ezinye izifundiswa ezixhaswe ukudla noma izinkampani zezolimo njengemithombo "ezimele" nangaphandle kokudalula uxhaso lwezinkampani?

Elinye ikhambi lale nkinga ukuthi lapho izintatheli zibhala ngokudla, ukuthi zibuze ngokucophelela imithombo yazo ukuthi ngabe kukhona yini ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo, ukuthi zithola kuphi uxhaso lwazo, nokuthi ngabe zithola yini uxhaso ezinkampanini zokudla noma zezolimo njengeMonsanto, noma Amaqembu angaphambili e-PR.

Lokho, noma kunjalo, kungahle kunganele. USolwazi Kevin Folta ithole uxhaso lweMonsanto, kepha yanqaba ngokuphindaphindiwe izibopho noma uxhaso oluvela eMonsanto. Izintatheli - nabafundi - kufanele bazi ukuthi kunjalo inkohliso Izifundiswa ezixhaswe ngemali nguMonsanto zisanda kwenzeka, futhi ziqaphele.