Ngabe iMonsanto Ibihlulile Ubufakazi Obuxhumanisa I-Weedkiller Yayo Nomdlavuza?

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

URene Ebersole, The Nation, Okthoba 12, 2017

INgo-1970, uJohn E. Franz, usokhemisi owayeneminyaka engama-40 waseSpringfield, e-Illinois, wathola ukutholwa okwakungashintsha kakhulu ezolimo: ikhemikhali elisebenza lize lingene emaqabungeni okhula liye ezimpandeni zalo, ekugcineni libabulale . UFranz uthengise ilungelo lobunikazi ngentuthuko kumqashi wakhe, uMonsanto, nge $ 5. Eminyakeni emine kamuva, uMonsanto wakhipha i-Roundup.

“Ukhula? Ayikho inkinga. Akukho okubulala ukhula kangcono, ”kumemezela abalingisi bezikhangiso zeRoundup njengoba behlasela ama-dandelion ngamabhodlela okufafaza. Umkhiqizo waba yimpumelelo esheshayo, kwathi ngo-1987 uFranz wawina iNational Medal of Technology ngokutholwa kwakhe. Namuhla, i-Roundup iyimithi yokubulala ukhula ethandwa kakhulu emhlabeni, ikhiqiza imali engaphezulu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 4 kumali engenayo yonyaka yeMonsanto.

Isithako esisebenzayo sikaRoundup, i-glyphosate, kuthathwa kabanzi njengongenacala emvelweni ngoba ihlose i-enzyme engatholakali ezilwaneni noma kubantu. Uma kuziwa ezitshalweni, ikhemikhali libulala ngokungakhethi — ngaphandle kwalezo zitshalo eziklanyelwe ngokwezakhi zofuzo ukumelana nazo. Ngama-1990s, iMonsanto yaqala ukuthengisa imbewu yayo enelungelo lobunikazi "Roundup Ready", ivumela abalimi ukuthi bafafaze ukhula ngaphandle kokulimaza izitshalo zabo. Ukuhlanganiswa kwembewu yokubulala ukhula nokumelana nembewu kwasiza iMonsanto yaba enye yezinkampani zezolimo ezinamandla kakhulu emhlabeni. Namuhla, ngaphezu kwamaphesenti angama-90 wezitshalo zasekhaya zesoya, ummbila, nokotini kwenziwa izakhi zofuzo ukuze zikwazi ukumelana ne-glyphosate, okubalelwa kumahektare angaphezu kwezigidi eziyi-168.

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