Ukuphishekela iqiniso nokwenza izinto obala kwezempilo yomphakathi

IBiohazards Blog

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

I-US Right to Know inwebisa umsebenzi wayo wokuphenya kwezinye izindaba eziphuthumayo zezempilo zomphakathi, kufaka phakathi umsuka wenoveli coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, edala lesi sifo i-COVID-19. Singa ngifuna izimpendulo zemibuzo eyisisekelo mayelana nokuthi igciwane liqale langena kanjani kubantu, kuphi futhi ngani, kanye nemininingwane ngokuvuza nokunye okwenzekile kumalebhu okuphepha kanye nezingozi zokucwaninga okuzuzisa umsebenzi, okuhlose ukukhulisa ukubulala noma ukutheleleka kwamagciwane angaba ubhubhane. Asazi okwamanje ukuthi lolu phenyo lungavezani, kodwa sikholwa ukuthi lubalulekile ekuvikeleni impilo yomphakathi ukufuna ukwenza izinto obala. Ungaxhasa umsebenzi wethu ngokunikela lapha.

Kule bhulogi sithumela imibhalo nezinye izibuyekezo ezivela kuphenyo lwethu lwe-biohazards, oluholwa ngu USainath Suryanarayanan, Ph.D. Bona futhi eyethu uhlu lokufunda ngalesi sihloko.

November 24, 2020

Usosayensi onokushayisana kwezintshisekelo ezihola iLancet COVID-19 i-task force emsukeni wegciwane

Evikini eledlule, I-US Right to Know ibike ukuthi isitatimende esinomthelela ku-The Lancet esisayinwe ososayensi abaqavile bezempilo yomphakathi abangama-27 ngemvelaphi yeSARS-CoV-2 sihlelwe ngabasebenzi be-EcoHealth Alliance, iqembu elingenzi nzuzo elithole izigidi zamadola oxhaso lwabakhokhi bentela base-US lokusebenzisa ama-coronaviruses ngokwezakhi zofuzo nososayensi e-Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV). 

The Isitatimende sikaFebhuwari 18 wagxeka "imibono yetulo" ephakamisa ukuthi i-COVID-19 kungenzeka ukuthi yavela ebhodini, futhi wathi ososayensi "baphetha ngokumangazayo" leli gciwane livela ezilwaneni zasendle. Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-USRTK uveze ukuthi uMengameli we-EcoHealth Alliance uPeter Daszak wayibhala le ncwadi wayihlelela ukuthi "kugwemeke ukuvela kwesitatimende sezombusazwe." 

ILancet yehlulekile ukudalula ukuthi abanye abasayine lesi sitatimende banezikhundla ne-EcoHealth Alliance, enesandla kwezezimali ekuphambukiseni imibuzo kude nokuthi kungenzeka ukuthi leli gciwane livele ebhodini.

Manje, iLancet ihambisa ithonya elingaphezulu eqenjini elinokushayisana kwezintshisakalo embuzweni obalulekile wezempilo yomphakathi ngemvelaphi yobhadane. NgoNovemba 23, iThe Lancet yaqamba igama elithi a iphaneli entsha yamalungu ayi-12 kuKhomishini yeLancet COVID 19. Usihlalo wethimba elisha lokuphenya i- “Origins, Early Spread of the Pandemic, kanye ne-One Health Solutions to Future Pandemic Usongo” akekho omunye ngaphandle kukaPeter Daszak we-EcoHealth Alliance. 

Ingxenye yamalungu eqembu - kubalwa iDaszak, Hume Field, Gerald Keusch, Sai Kit Lam, Stanley Perlman noLinda Saif - nabo bangabasayina esitatimendeni sikaFebhuwari 18 abathi bazi umsuka waleli gciwane cishe ngemuva kwesonto ngemuva kweWorld Health. Inhlangano imemezele ukuthi lesi sifo esidalwe yi-coronavirus yenoveli sizobizwa nge-COVID-19. 

Ngamanye amagama, okungenani isigamu seKhomishini ye-Lancet ye-COVID Commission ngemvelaphi yeSARS-CoV-2 kubonakala sengathi seyihlulele lo mphumela ngaphambi kokuthi kuqale uphenyo. Lokhu kwehlisa ukwethembeka negunya leqembu.

Imvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2 yile kuseyimfihlakalo futhi uphenyo olunzulu noluthembekile kungenzeka lubaluleke kakhulu ekunqandeni ubhadane olulandelayo. Umphakathi ufanele uphenyo olungangcoliswanga yizingxabano zentshisekelo ezinjalo.

Ukuvuselelwa (Novemba 25, 2020): UPeter Daszak naye uqokelwe esikhundleni se- Ithimba labantu abayishumi le-World Health Organisation ngicwaninga ngemvelaphi yeSARS-CoV-2.

November 18, 2020

I-EcoHealth Alliance yahlela isitatimende sososayensi abalulekile "ngemvelaphi yemvelo" ye-SARS-CoV-2

Ama-imeyili atholwe yi-US Right to Know akhombisa ukuthi a isitatimende ku I-Lancet ebhalwe ososayensi abaqavile bezempilo yomphakathi abangama-27 begxeka "imibono yetulo ephakamisa ukuthi i-COVID-19 ayinayo imvelaphi yemvelo" yahlelwa ngabasebenzi be-EcoHealth Alliance, iqembu elingenzi nzuzo ithole izigidi zamaRandi of Umkhokhi wentela wase-US uxhaso ukuze ukuguqula izakhi zofuzo Ama-coronavirus nososayensi e Isikhungo se-Wuhan se-Virology.

Ama-imeyili atholakele ngezicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi akhombisa ukuthi uMongameli we-EcoHealth Alliance uPeter Daszak wabhala lo mbhalo I-Lancet isitatimende, nokuthi wayehlose ukukwenza "Kungabonakali ukuthi ivela kunoma iyiphi inhlangano noma umuntu oyedwa" kodwa kunalokho kubonakale njenge “Incwadi elula evela kososayensi abaphambili”. UDaszak ubhale ukuthi ufuna "ukugwema ukuvela kwesitatimende sezepolitiki".

Incwadi yososayensi yavela ku I-Lancet ngoFebhuwari 18, kusasele isonto elilodwa nje ukuthi i-World Health Organisation imemezele ukuthi lesi sifo esidalwe yi-novel coronavirus sizobizwa nge-COVID-19.

Ababhali abangama-27 “bayigxeka ngokuqinile imibono yetulo yokuthi i-COVID-19 ayinayo imvelaphi engokwemvelo,” futhi babika ukuthi ososayensi abavela emazweni amaningi “baphetha ngokumangazayo ukuthi le coronavirus yavela ezilwaneni zasendle.” Le ncwadi ibingafaki izinkomba zesayensi zokuphikisa imfundiso-mbumbulu yegciwane. Usosayensi oyedwa, uLinda Saif, ubuze nge-imeyili ukuthi kungasiza yini “Ukufaka isitatimende esisodwa noma ezi-2 ukuxhasa ukuthi kungani i-nCOV kungelona igciwane elenziwa elebhu futhi kuvele ngokwemvelo? Kubonakala kubalulekile ekuphikiseni lokho kushiwo! ” UDaszak uphendule wathi, “Ngicabanga ukuthi kufanele sinamathele esitatimendeni esibanzi. "

Izingcingo ezikhulayo ukuphenya iWuhan Institute of Virology njengomthombo ongaba khona weSARS-CoV-2 kuholele kulokhu ukuhlolwa okwengeziwe we-EcoHealth Alliance. Ama-imeyili akhombisa ukuthi amalungu e-EcoHealth Alliance adlale kanjani indima yokuqala ekubunjweni kwemibuzo mayelana nokuthi kungenzeka yini ukuthi i-SARS-CoV-2 ingavela kanjani njengemibono “edabukisayo edinga ukulungiswa,” njenge UDaszak utshele The Guardian.

Yize ibinzana elithi "EcoHealth Alliance" livele kanye kuphela I-Lancet isitatimende, ngokuhlangana nombhali-mbhali uDaszak, abanye ababhali ababambisene nabo banobudlelwano ngqo neqembu elingadalulwanga njengokushayisana kwezintshisekelo. URita Colwell noJames Hughes banjalo amalungu weBhodi labaQondisi be-EcoHealth Alliance, UWilliam Karesh uyiPhini Likamongameli Ophethe weqembu lezeMpilo neNqubomgomo, futhi Inkambu yeHume ungumeluleki weSayensi neNqubomgomo.

Ababhali besitatimende baphinde bathi "ukwabiwa okusheshayo, okuvulelekile, nokusobala kwemininingwane ngalokhu kuqubuka manje sekusongelwa amahemuhemu nolwazi olungelona iqiniso ngemvelaphi yalo." Namuhla, noma kunjalo, kuncane okwaziwayo mayelana nemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2, kanye nophenyo ngemvelaphi yayo ngo- i-World Health Organization futhi I-Lancet Ikhomishini ye-COVID-19 ziye zaba kusitshekelwe ekusithekeni futhi ngicindezelwe ngu ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo.

UPeter Daszak, uRita Colwell, no I-Lancet Umhleli uRichard Horton akazange anikeze imibono ephendula izicelo zethu zale ndaba.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

Isixhumanisi seqoqo lonke lama-imeyili e-EcoHealth Alliance singatholakala lapha: Ama-imeyili e-EcoHealth Alliance: University of Maryland (Amakhasi we-466)

I-US Right to Know ithumela imibhalo etholwe ngenkululeko yomphakathi yolwazi (i-FOI) yezicelo uphenyo lwethu lweBiohazards kokuthunyelwe kwethu: Imibhalo ye-FOI ngemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2, izingozi zokucwaninga ngomsebenzi kanye namalebhu e-biosafety.

November 12, 2020

Iphephabhuku i-Nature lenezela “Inothi lomhleli” liqhakambisa ukukhathazeka ngokuthembeka kwesifundo esixhumanisa ama-pangolin coronaviruses nemvelaphi yeSARS-CoV-2

NgoNovemba 9, 2020, i-US Right to Know ikhishwe ama-imeyili nababhali abaphezulu be- U-Liu et al. futhi UXiao et al, nabasebenzi nabahleli ku Amagciwane e-PLoS futhi Nature amajenali. Lezi zifundo zinikeze ukwethembeka kwesayensi ku-zoonotic hypothesis yokuthi ama-coronaviruses ahlobene kakhulu ne-SARS-CoV-2 ajikeleza endle, nokuthi i-SARS-CoV-2 inomthombo wezilwane zasendle. NgoNovemba 11, 2020, Nature wengeze inothi elilandelayo ephepheni likaXiao et al. “Inothi Lomhleli: Abafundi bayaziswa ukuthi kukhona ukukhathazeka okuvelile mayelana nokuthi ungubani amasampula epangolini abikwe kuleli phepha kanye nobudlelwano bawo namasampula epangolin ashicilelwe ngaphambilini. Izinyathelo ezifanele zokuhlela zizothathwa uma lolu daba seluxazululwe. ”

Inothi liyabonakala lapha: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2313-x

November 9, 2020

Imvelo kanye ne-PLoS Pathogens ihlola ubuqiniso besayensi bezifundo ezibalulekile ezixhumanisa i-pangolin coronaviruses kumsuka weSARS-CoV-2

Bhalisela ku thola izibuyekezo ezivela ku-Blog ye-Biohazards.

NguSainath Suryanarayanan, PhD 

Lapha, sinikeza ama-imeyili ethu ngababhali abaphezulu be- U-Liu et al. futhi UXiao et al., nabahleli be Amagciwane e-PLoS futhi Nature. Siphinde sethule ingxoxo ejulile yemibuzo nokukhathazeka okuphakanyiswe yila ma-imeyili, okubeka ukungabaza ukusebenza kwalezi zifundo ezibalulekile ngemvelaphi yenoveli coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 edala i-COVID-19. Bona ukubika kwethu ngalawa ma-imeyili, Ukusebenza kwezifundo ezisemqoka ngemvelaphi ye-coronavirus ngokungabazeki; amaphephandaba ezesayensi aphenya (11.9.20)


Ukuxhumana nge-imeyili noDkt Jinping Chen, umbhali omkhulu kaLiu et al:


Ama-imeyili kaDkt. Jinping Chen aphakamisa izinkathazo nemibuzo eminingi: 

1– Liu et al. (2020) bahlanganise ukulandelana kwabo kwe-pangolin coronavirus genome okulandelanayo okususelwa kuma-coronaviruses asampuliwe avela kuma-pangolin amathathu, amasampula amabili eqenjini elishushumbisiwe ngoMashi 2019, kanye nesampula esisodwa esivela kwelinye iqoqo elabanjwa ngoJulayi 2019. Idathabheyisi yeNational Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) , lapho ososayensi kudingeka ukuthi bafake idatha yokulandelana ukuqinisekisa ukuqinisekiswa okuzimele nokukhiqiza kabusha kwemiphumela eshicilelwe, iqukethe imininingwane yokufunda ngokulandelana (SRA) yamasampuli amabili kaMashi 2019 kepha ayikho idatha yesampula kaJulayi 2019. Lapho ebuzwa ngalesi sampula esilahlekile, uDkt Jinping Chen asibiza ngokuthi yi-F9, uDkt. Jinping Chen wathi: “Imininingwane eluhlaza yalezi zampuli ezintathu ingatholakala ngaphansi kwenombolo ye-NCBI ye-PRJNA573298, ne-BioSample ID kwakungu-SAMN12809952, SAMN12809953, kanye I-SAMN12809954, ngaphezu kwalokho, umuntu ngamunye (i-F9) ovela kwi-batch ehlukile nayo yayinhle, idatha eluhlaza ingabonakala ku-NCBI SRA SUB 7661929, ezokhishwa kungekudala ngoba sinenye i-MS (kuyabuyekezwa)”(Ukugcizelela kwethu).

Kumayelana nokuthi uLiu et al. abakashicileli idatha ehambisana nesampula elilodwa lama-pangolins abawasebenzisile ukuhlanganisa ukulandelana kwabo kwe-pangolin coronavirus genome. UDkt.Jinping Chen naye akazange abelane ngale datha lapho ebuzwa. Okujwayelekile kusayensi ukushicilela kanye / noma ukwabelana ngemininingwane yonke ezovumela abanye ukuthi baqinisekise ngokuzimela futhi bakhiqize imiphumela. Kwenze kanjani Amagciwane e-PLoS vumela uLiu et al. ugwema ukushicilela idatha eyisampula ebalulekile? Kungani uDkt Jinping Chen engabelani ngemininingwane ephathelene nalesi sampuli yesithathu ye-pangolin? Kungani uLiu et al. ufuna ukukhipha imininingwane engashicilelwe ephathelene nalesi sampuli yesithathu ye-pangolin njengengxenye yesinye isifundo esithunyelwe kumagazini ohlukile? Okukhathaza lapha ukuthi ososayensi bazosabalalisa kabi isampula ye-pangolin elahlekile evela ku-Liu et al. ocwaningweni oluhlukile, okwenza kube nzima kwabanye ukuthi kamuva balandele imininingwane ebalulekile ngale sampuli ye-pangolin, njengomongo lapho kwaqoqwa khona isampula ye-pangolin.

2– UDkt. Jinping Chen ukuphikile ukuthi uLiu et al. ngibe nobudlelwano noXiao et al.'s (2020) Nature funda. Ubhale wathi: “Sihambise iphepha lethu le-PLOS Pathogens ngoFebhuwari 14, 2020 ngaphambi kwephepha leNature (i-Reference 12 ephepheni lethu le-PLOS pathogens, balithumele ngoFebhuwari 16, 2020 kusukela ngosuku lwabo lokulethwa eMvelweni), iphepha lethu lamagciwane e-PLOS chaza ukuthi i-SARS-Cov-2 ayiveli ku-pangolin coronavirus ngqo futhi ne-pangolin hhayi njengomsingathi ophakathi nendawo. Sasiwazi umsebenzi wabo ngemuva kwesithangami sabo sezindaba ngoFebhuwari 7, 2020, futhi sinemibono eyehlukene nabo, amanye amaphepha amabili (amaGciwane neMvelo) afakwe ohlwini lwephepha le-PLOS Pathogen njengamaphepha ayizethenjwa (inombolo eyinkomba 10 no-12), singamaqembu ahlukene ocwaningo avela kubalobi bephepha leMvelo, futhi abukho ubudlelwano phakathi kwabo, Futhi sithathe amasampula imininingwane yesampula enemininingwane evela esikhungweni sokutakula izilwane zasendle saseGuangdong ngosizo oluvela kuJiejian Zou noFanghui Hou njengababhali bethu futhi asazi ukuthi amasampuli ephepha lezeMvelo avelaphi. ” (ukugcizelelwa kwethu)

Amaphuzu alandelayo akhulisa ukungabaza ngezimangalo zikaDkt Chen ngenhla: 

Liu et al. (2020), Xiao et al (2020) noLiu et al. (2019) babelane ngababhali abalandelayo: UPing Liu noJinping Chen babengababhali ku-2019 Amagciwane iphepha kanye ne-2020 Amagciwane e-PLoS iphepha, umbhali omkhulu uWu Chen kuXiao et al. (2020) wayengumbhali-mbhali we-2019 Amagciwane iphepha, kanti uJiejian Zhou noFanghui Hou babengababhali kubo bobabili uXiao et al. noLiu et al. 

b- Yomibili le mibhalo yesandla yafakwa kwiseva yomphakathi yangaphambi kokuprintwa bioRxiv ngosuku olufanayo: Februwari 20, 2020. 

c Xiao et al. “Amasampula e-pangolin aqanjwe kabusha aqala ukushicilelwa ngu-Liu et al. [2019] Amagciwane ngaphandle kokucaphuna isifundo sawo njenge-athikili yokuqala echaze la masampula, futhi asebenzise imininingwane ye-metagenomic evela kulawa masampula ekuhlaziyweni kwawo ”(UChan noZhan). 

d- Liu et al. i-pangolin coronavirus genome ephelele i 99.95% kuyefana ezingeni le-nucleotide kuya ku-pangolin coronavirus genome ephelele eshicilelwe ngu-Xiao et al. Kungenzeka kanjani uLiu et al. sikhiqize lonke ufuzo olungu-99.95% olufanayo (kuphela umehluko we-15 wama-nucleotides) kuXiao et al. ngaphandle kokwabelana kwedathasethi nokuhlaziya?

Lapho amaqembu ahlukene ocwaningo eza ngokuzimela kumasethi weziphetho ezifanayo ngombuzo onikeziwe wocwaningo, kwandisa kakhulu amathuba eqiniso lezimangalo ezibandakanyekile. Okukhathazayo lapha ukuthi uLiu et al. noXiao et al. azenzelwanga izifundo ezizimele njengoba kushiwo nguDkt Chen. Ngabe kukhona ukuxhumana phakathi kukaLiu et al. noXiao et al. maqondana nokuhlaziya nezincwadi zabo? Uma kunjalo, kwakungakanani futhi kwakunjani lokho kuxhumana? 

3– Kungani uLiu et al. ingenzi ukuthi kutholakale esidlangalaleni idatha eluhlaza yokulandelana kwe-amplicon ababeyisebenzisela ukuhlanganisa i-pangolin coronavirus genome yabo? Ngaphandle kwale datha eluhlaza, i-pangolin coronavirus genome ehlanganiswe ngu-Liu et al., Abanye abakwazi ukuqinisekisa ngokuzimela futhi bakhiqize imiphumela ka-Liu et al. Njengoba kushiwo ngaphambili, okujwayelekile kusayensi ukushicilela kanye / noma ukwaba yonke idatha ezovumela abanye ukuthi baqinisekise ngokuzimela futhi bakhiqize imiphumela. Sicele uDkt.Jingping Chen ukuthi abelane ngemininingwane yokulandelana kwe-amplicon kaLiu et al. Uphendule ngokwabelana ngemiphumela yokulandelana kwemikhiqizo ka-Liu et al.'s RT-PCR, okungeyona idatha ye-amplicon eluhlaza esetshenziselwe ukuhlanganisa i-pangolin coronavirus genome. Kungani uDkt Jinping Chen enqena ukukhipha idatha eluhlaza engavumela abanye ukuthi baqinisekise ngokuzimela ukuhlaziywa kukaLiu et al.

I-4- Liu et al. Amagciwane (2019) yashicilelwa ngo-Okthoba 2019 futhi ababhali bayo babefake i-pangolin coronavirus (ukulandelana kokufunda okugciniwe) idatha ye-SRA ne-NCBI ngoSeptemba 23, i-2019, kodwa walinda kwaze kwaba January 22, 2020 ukwenza le datha ifinyeleleke esidlangalaleni. Ososayensi bavame ukukhipha idatha eluhlaza yokulandelana kwe-genomic kulwazi olufinyeleleka esidlangalaleni ngokushesha okukhulu ngemuva kokushicilelwa kwezifundo zabo. Lo mkhuba uqinisekisa ukuthi abanye bangakwazi ukufinyelela ngokuzimela, baqinisekise futhi basebenzise idatha enjalo. Kungani uLiu et al. I-2019 linda izinyanga ze-4 ukwenza idatha yabo ye-SRA ifinyeleleke esidlangalaleni? UDkt. Jinping Chen ukhethe ukungawuphenduli ngqo lo mbuzo wethu empendulweni yakhe ngoNovemba 9, 2020.

Siphinde saxhumana noDkt. Stanley Perlman, Amagciwane e-PLoS Umhleli kaLiu et al. futhi nakhu kwakufanele akusho.

Ngokuphawulekayo, uDkt Perlman uvumile ukuthi:

  • "I-PLoS Pathogens iphenya kabanzi leli phepha" 
  • "Akazange aqinisekise ubuqiniso besampula kaJulayi 2019 ngesikhathi sokubuyekezwa kontanga ngaphambi kokushicilela"
  • “[C] ukukhathazeka ngokufana phakathi kwezifundo ezimbili [Liu et al. noXiao et al.] kwavela kuphela ngemuva kokushicilelwa kwezifundo zombili. ”
  • Akazange "abone imininingwane ye-amplicon ngesikhathi sokubuyekezwa kontanga. Ababhali banikeze inombolo yokungena ku-genome ehlanganisiwe… yize ngemuva kokushicilelwa kuvele ukuthi inombolo yokufakwa ohlwini efakwe kusitatimende sokutholakala kwedatha ye-athikili ayilungile. Leli phutha nemibuzo emayelana nemininingwane eluhlaza yokulandelana kwe-contig okwamanje kuyakhulunywa ngayo njengengxenye yecala langemva kokushicilelwa. ”

Lapho sixhumana Amagciwane e-PLoS ngokukhathazeka kwethu ngoLiu et al. sithole okulandelayo impendulo evela kuMhleli Omkhulu wethimba le-PLoS Publication Ethics:

Ama-imeyili avela kuXiao et al.

Ngo-Okthoba 28, i- Umphathi Omkhulu Wezesayensi Yezinto ze Nature uphendule (ngezansi) ngegama eliyisihluthulelo elithi "sizithatha ngokungathi sína lezi zinkinga futhi sizolubheka kahle udaba oluphakamisa ngezansi." 

Ngo-Okthoba 30, uXiao et al. ekugcineni ikhishwe esidlangalaleni idatha yabo yokulandelana ye-amplicon eluhlaza. Kodwa-ke, njengokushicilelwa kwalesi siqephu, imininingwane yokulandelana kwe-amplicon ethunyelwe nguXiao et al. ishoda ngamafayela wedatha eluhlaza angavumela abanye ukuthi bahlangane futhi baqinisekise ukulandelana kwabo kwe-pangolin coronavirus genome.

Kusele imibuzo ebalulekile edinga ukubhekisiswa: 

  1. Ngabe ama-pangolin coronaviruses angempela? Isihloko esithi Umdwebo 1e kuXiao et al. ithi: “Izinhlayiya ezibangelwa amagciwane zibonakala kuma-vesicles anezingqimba ezimbili esithombeni sokudlulisela i-electron microscopy esithathwe kusiko le-Vero E6 elifakwe umusi ongaphezu kowodwa wezicubu zamaphaphu ezisuselwe ku-pangolin eyodwa, ne-morphology ekhombisa i-coronavirus.” Uma uXiao et al. ihlukanise i-pangolin coronavirus, ngabe bazokwabelana ngesampula elingalodwa legciwane nabaphenyi abangaphandle kweChina? Lokhu kungahamba ibanga elide ekuqinisekiseni ukuthi leli gciwane likhona ngempela futhi livela ezicutshini zepangolin.
  2. Kwasekuqaleni kuka-2020, noma ngisho naku-2019 U-Liu et al., UXiao et al., ULam et al. futhi UZhang et al. uyazi ukuthi bazoshicilela imiphumela ngokususelwa kudathasethi efanayo?
    a. Ngabe kwakukhona ukusebenzisana kubhekwa ukuthi eyodwa yanyatheliswa ngoFebhuwari 18 kwathi ezintathu zanyatheliswa ngoFebhuwari 20?
    b. Kungani uLiu et al. (2019) abenzi ukulandelana kwabo kufundwe idatha yomlando ifinyeleleke esidlangalaleni ngosuku abayifake ku-database ye-NCBI? Kungani balinda kwaze kwaba nguJanuwari 22, 2020 ukwenza le datha yokulandelana kwe-pangolin coronavirus ibe sesidlangalaleni.
    c. Ngaphambi kukaLiu et al. 2019 Amagciwane idatha ikhishwe ku-NCBI ngoJanuwari 22, 2020, ngabe le datha yayifinyeleleka kwabanye abacwaningi baseChina? Uma kunjalo, i-pangolin coronavirus yokulandelela idatha yayigcinwe kubani, ngubani owayekwazi ukufinyelela, futhi idatha yafakwa nini futhi yenziwa ifinyeleleke nini?
  3. Ngabe ababhali bazobambisana yini nophenyo oluzimele ukulandelela umthombo wamasampuli e-pangolin ukubona ukuthi amanye amagciwane afana ne-SARS-CoV-2-like angatholakala yini ngoMashi kuya kuJulayi 2019 amaqoqo ezilwane ezishushumbisiwe — ezingaba ngamasampuli afriziwe noma usaphila eGuangdong Wildlife Rescue Center?
  4. Ngabe ababhali bazobambisana yini nophenyo oluzimele ukubona ukuthi abashushumbisi (ngabe baboshwa yini? Noma bahlawuliswa badedelwa?) Banama-antibodies egciwane lakwaSARS avela ekutholakaleni njalo kula magciwane?

November 5, 2020

Uyemukelwa ku-Blog ye-Biohazards

NgoJulayi 2020, i-US Right to Know yaqala ukuhambisa izicelo zamarekhodi omphakathi ngenhloso yokuthola imininingwane evela ezikhungweni zomphakathi ngemizamo yokuthola okwaziwayo ngemvelaphi yenoveli coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, edala isifo iCovid-19. Siphenya nezingozi, ukuvuza nokunye ukwenzeka emalabhorethri lapho kugcinwa khona futhi kuguqulwe izifo ezinamandla eziwubhadane, kanye nezingozi zezempilo zocwaningo lwe-gain-of-function (GOF), olubandakanya ukuhlolwa kwalawo magciwane ukukhulisa ibanga lawo lokusingathwa, ukudluliswa noma ukubulala.

Kule bhulogi, sizothumela izibuyekezo kumadokhumenti esiwatholayo nokunye okwenziwayo kuphenyo lwethu.

I-US Right to Know iyi- iqembu lokucwaninga eliphenyayo kugxile ekukhuthazeni ukusebenzela obala kwezempilo yomphakathi. Sisebenza emhlabeni wonke ukuveza ububi bezinkampani kanye nokwehluleka kukahulumeni okusongela ubuqotho bohlelo lwethu lokudla, imvelo yethu kanye nempilo yethu. Kusukela ngo-2015, thina bathole, kuthunyelwe ku-inthanethi futhi ibike ngezinkulungwane zemibhalo yezimboni kanye nohulumeni, kufaka phakathi eminingi etholwe ngokusebenzisa umthetho ophikisiwe wokugcinwa kwemithetho yamarekhodi avulekile.

Ucwaningo lwethu ngama-biohazard luholwa nguSainath Suryanarayanan, Ph.D. Ikheli lakhe le-imeyili ngu sainath@usrtk.org.

Ngeminye imininingwane ngocwaningo lwethu lwe-biohazards, sicela ubone:

Thola Ukubuyekezwa Kwelungelo Lokwazi

Bhalisela incwadi yethu yezindaba yokuqhamuka kwezindaba ezivela ophenyweni lweLungelo Lokwazi, intatheli yezempilo yomphakathi ehamba phambili kanye nezinye izindaba zempilo yethu.