Ososayensi baseChina bafuna ukuguqula igama le-coronavirus ebulalayo ukuze baliqhelelanise neChina

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ezinsukwini zokuqala zesifo esiwumshayabhuqe se-COVID-19, iqembu lososayensi abasebenzisana nohulumeni waseChina bazama ukuqhelisa i-coronavirus neChina ngokuthonya ukuqanjwa kwayo ngokusemthethweni. Ngokuncika ekutheni leli gciwane litholakale okokuqala eWuhan, eChina, ososayensi bathe besaba ukuthi leli gciwane lizokwaziwa ngokuthi yi- "Wuhan coronavirus" noma "Wuhan pneumonia," ama-imeyili atholakele ngumbukiso wase-US Right to Know.

Ama-imeyili aveza ukubheka phambili empini yolwazi eqhutshwa uhulumeni waseChina ukubumba ukulandisa ngemvelaphi yenoveli coronavirus.

Ukuqanjwa kwaleli gciwane "bekuyinto ebaluleke kakhulu kubantu baseChina" kanye nezinkomba ngegciwane elikhomba ukuthi uWuhan "ubandlulula futhi uthuka" izakhamuzi zaseWuhan, izincwadi ezivela ngoFebhuwari 2020 zithi.

Ngokuqondile ososayensi baseChina baphikisana nokuthi igama elisemthethweni lobuchwepheshe elinikezwe igciwane - "i-acute acute yokuphefumula syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)" - kwakungeyona "okunzima ukuyikhumbula noma ukuyibona" ​​kodwa futhi "kwakudukisa ngempela" ngoba kwakuxhuma igciwane elisha lokuqubuka kweSARS-CoV ngo-2003 eladabuka eChina.

Leli gciwane laqanjwa yiCoronavirus Study Group (CSG) ye-International Committee on Virus Taxonomy (ICTV).

Usosayensi omkhulu waseWuhan Institute of Virology uZhengli Shi, owayehola ukuqanjwa kabusha umzamo, echazwe nge-imeyili eya ku-University of North Carolina udokotela wezifo ezinamagciwane e-University of North Carolina uRalph Baric, "ingxoxo eshubile phakathi kwama-virologist aseChina" ngegama elithi SARS-CoV-2.

UDeyin Guo, owayengumphathi wesikole i-Wuhan University's School of Biomedical Sciences kanye nombhali ngokubambisana wesiphakamiso sokushintsha igama, wabhala kumalungu e-CSG ukuthi ahlulekile ukubonisana nesinqumo sawo sokuqamba igama "nama-virologists kubandakanya nokutholwa kokuqala [sic] ngegciwane kanye nabahlaziyi bokuqala besifo ”abavela ezweni lase China.

"Akufanelekile ukusebenzisa igama elilodwa legciwane elisuselwa kwizifo (njenge-SARS-CoV) ukuqamba wonke amanye amagciwane emvelo angohlobo olulodwa kodwa anezinto ezihluke kakhulu," wabhala encwadini eyathunyelwa egameni lakhe abanye ososayensi abahlanu baseChina.

Iqembu lihlongoze elinye igama - “Transmissible acute respiratory coronavirus (TARS-CoV). Enye indlela, bathi, kungaba i- “Human acute respiratory coronavirus (HARS-CoV).”

Intambo ye-imeyili echaza ushintsho lwegama oluphakanyisiwe yabhalelwa uSihlalo we-CSG uJohn Ziebuhr.

Izincwadi zikhombisa ukuthi uZiebuhr akavumelani nomqondo weqembu laseChina. Uphendule wathi “igama elithi SARS-CoV-2 lixhumanisa leli gciwane namanye amagciwane (abizwa nge-SARS-CoVs noma ama-SARSr-CoVs) kulezi zinhlobo ezibandakanya igciwane lesinhlobo salolo hlobo kunaleso sifo esake sakhuthaza ukuqanjwa kwalesi sibonelo igciwane cishe eminyakeni engama-20 edlule. Isijobelelo -2 sisetshenziswa njengesikhombi esiyingqayizivele futhi sikhombisa ukuthi i-SARS-Co V-2 iseligciwane LELINYE (kodwa elihlobene kakhulu) kulolu hlobo. ”

Inkampani yabezindaba yaseChina i-CGTN kubika omunye umzamo ngoMashi 2020 ngama-virologists aseChina ukuqamba kabusha i-SARS-CoV-2 njenge-coronavirus yabantu i-2019 (HCoV-19), nayo engazange idlule ku-CSG.

Ukuqamba igama ngegciwane elibangela ubhadane — umthwalo we-World Health Organisation (WHO) - bekuvame ukuba yi- icala lezepolitiki ukuzivocavoca ngezigaba zentela.

Ekuqubukeni kwangaphambilini kwe- Umkhuhlane we-H5N1 igciwane elivela eChina, uhulumeni waseChina wacindezela i-WHO ukuthi yakhe amagama abizwa ngokuthi ama-virus angabopheli amagama abo emlandweni noma ezindaweni abadabuka kuzo.

Ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe:

Ama-imeyili ase-University of North Carolina uProfesa Ralph Baric, atholwa yi-US Right to Know ngokuthola amarekhodi omphakathi, angatholakala lapha: Iqoqo le-imeyili le-Baric # 2: University of North Carolina (Amakhasi we-332)

I-US Right to Know ithumela imibhalo kusuka kuzicelo zethu zamarekhodi womphakathi zokuphenywa kwethu kwama-biohazards. Bona: Imibhalo ye-FOI ngemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2, izingozi zokucwaninga ngomsebenzi kanye namalebhu e-biosafety.

Ikhasi langemuva kuphenyo lwase-US Right to Know ngemvelaphi yeSARS-CoV-2.