IBiohazards News Tracker: Izindatshana ezihamba phambili ngemvelaphi yakwaSARS-CoV-2, ama-biolabs kanye nocwaningo lomsebenzi

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Nalu uhlu lokufundwayo mayelana nokwaziwayo nokungaziwa ngemvelaphi yeSARS-CoV-2, izingozi nokuvuza kuma laboratories e-biosafety kanye ne-biowarfare, kanye nezingozi zezempilo zocwaningo lwe-gain-of-function (GOF), oluhlose ukwandisa uhla lokusingathwa, ukuhanjiswa, ukusuleleka noma ukubakhona kwamagciwane okungenzeka kube yizifo ezihlasela ubhubhane. I-US Ilungelo Lokwazi ukwenza ucwaningo ngalezi zihloko nokuthumela okutholakele ku- IBiohazards Blog.

Lolu hlu lokufunda ngumsebenzi oqhubekayo. Sizoyibuyekeza. Sicela uthumele ukufundwa okungenzeka ukuthi sikuphuthele eSainath Suryanarayanan ku- sainath@usrtk.org.

Izihloko (izixhumanisi zokwehla)

Izindatshana zakamuva kakhulu

I-New York Times. Izingcingo zokuthola eminye imibuzo ngemvelaphi ye-coronavirus. UColin Butler et al. Ephreli 7, 2021.

The Washington Post. Umbono: Umbiko wengubo ye-WHO unamaphutha abulalayo, kanti kusamele kwenziwe uphenyo lwangempela. UJosh Rogin. Mashi 29, 2021.

CBS. Kwenzekani eWuhan? Kungani imibuzo isalibala ngemvelaphi ye-coronavirus. U-Lesley Stahl. Mashi 28, 2021.

Newsweek. Abantu, Hhayi Izilwane, Cishe Bathathe Igciwane le-COVID Laya eWuhan, Ngokuphikisana Nezimangalo ZaseChina. URowan Jacobsen. Mashi 25, 2021.

Izincwadi Zamakhemikhali Ezemvelo. Kufanele ngabe siyisuse imvelaphi ye-laboratory ye-COVID-19? URossana Segreto, uYuri Deigin, uKevin McCairn, u-Alejandro Sousa, uDan Sirotkin, uKarl Sirotkin, uJonathan J. Couey, u-Adrian Jones noDaoyu Zhang. Mashi 25, 2021.

USA Today. Kungenzeka yini ukuthi ingozi idale i-COVID-19? Kungani umbono we-Wuhan lab-leak ungafanele uchithwe. U-Alison Young. Mashi 22, 2021.

Indlu yabamele i-US. IKomidi Lezamandla Nezentengiselwano. Incwadi evela ku-House Republican eya kuMqondisi we-NIH uFrancis Collins efuna ukuqhubela phambili uphenyo oluzimele, lwesayensi ngemvelaphi yobhadane lwe-COVID-19. UCathy McMorris Rodgers, uBrett Guthrie, H. Morgan Griffith. Mashi 18, 2021.

Undark. Ukuvuza Kwelab: Impikiswano Yesayensi Ifakwa Kwezombusazwe- futhi Ayixazululiwe. UCharles Schmidt. Mashi 17, 2021.

I-Washington Post. Umbono: Umhlaba awukakatholi ukuthi ululawula kanjani ucwaningo ngamagciwane abulalayo. UBrian Klaas. Mashi 11, 2021.

The Washington Post. Umbono: Ukuphathwa kweBiden kuqinisekisa ezinye kodwa hhayi zonke izimangalo zebhu zikaTrump zikaWuhan. UJosh Rogin. Mashi 9, 2021.

I-Politico. Ku-2018, Osomaqhinga Baxwayiswe Ngezilingo Eziyingozi ku-Wuhan Lab. Akekho Olalele. UJosh Rogin. Mashi 8, 2021.

The Washington Post. Umbono: I-WHO idinga ukuqala kabusha ekuphenyeni umsuka we-coronavirus. IBhodi lokuHlela. Mashi 6, 2021.

Wall Street Journal. Abaphenyi be-WHO bezinhlelo ezilahliwe zombiko wesikhashana wokuhlolwa kwe-Covid-19 Origins. UBetsy McKay, uDrew Hinshaw noJeremy Page. Mashi 4, 2021.

Wall Street Journal. Incwadi Evulekile: Shayela Uphenyo Oluphelele Lwezomthetho Olungenamkhawulo Lomhlaba Wonke ku-Origins ye-COVID-19. Mashi 4, 2021.

Uyini umsuka weSARS-CoV-2?

Izinqubo ze-National Academy of Sciences. Ukunqanda ubhadane olulandelayo, sidinga ukuqaqa umsuka we-COVID-19. UDavid A. Relman. Novemba 3, 2020.

I-Bulletin ye-Atomic Scientists. Ngabe igciwane leSARS-CoV-2 livele ohlelweni locwaningo lwe-bat coronavirus elabhoratri laseChina? Kungenzeka kakhulu. UMilton Leitenberg. Juni 4, 2020.

Telegraph. Ngabe igciwane le-Covid-19 laphunyuka ngempela ebhodini laseWuhan? UMat Ridley no-Alina Chan. Februwari 6, 2021.

I-Wall Street Journal. Umhlaba Udinga Uphenyo Langempela Kumsuka WeCovid-19. U-Alina Chan noMat Ridley. Januwari 15, 2021.

New York Magazine. I-lab-leak hypothesis. UNicholson Baker. Januwari 4, 2021.

The Washington Post. Umbono: I-US kufanele iveze ubuhlakani bayo nge-laboratory yaseWuhan. IBhodi lokuHlela. Februwari 22, 2021.

I-Newsweek. IBeijing Kumele Ihlanzeke Ngeziqalo ZE-COVID-19 | Umbono. UJamie Metzl. Januwari 22, 2021

Wall Street Journal. Bangobani Abaphenyi Be-Covid? Amalungu ophenyo lwemvelaphi ye-WHO anokushayisana kwezintshisekelo. IBhodi lokuHlela. Februwari 15, 2021.

I-Bulletin ye-Atomic Scientists.NGUBANI: I-COVID-19 ayizange ivuze ebhodini. Futhi i-WHO: Mhlawumbe yenzekile. UFilipa Lentzos. Februwari 11, 2021.

I-Washington Post. Ngemuva kwemishini kaWuhan ngemvelaphi yobhadane, iqembu le-WHO liyichitha ithiyori yokuvuza kwelebhu. UGerry Shih no-Emily Rauhala. Februwari 9, 2021.

Bloomberg. Namanje Asazi Ukuthi I-Covid-19 Ivelaphi. UFaye Flam. Januwari 12, 2021.

Imithi Yemvelo. Kumsuka weSARS-CoV-2. U-Angela Rasmussen. Januwari 13, 2021.

I-Washington Post. Izintambo zoMnyango Wezwe zixwayise ngezinkinga zokuphepha elabhoratri laseWuhan ezicwaninga nge-bat coronaviruses. UJosh Rogin. Ephreli 14, 2020.

I-BBC. UCovid: Usosayensi waseWuhan 'angakwamukela' ukuvakashela umbono wokuvuza kwelebhu. UJohn Sudworth. Disemba 22, 2020.

I-Houston Chronicle. Usosayensi we-UTMB uvuma izingozi zokuphepha ebhodini laseChina elenza ucwaningo lwe-coronavirus. UNick Powell. Ephreli 23, 2020. 

The Wall Street Journal. I-NIH icindezela i-US engenzi-nzuzo ukuthola ulwazi nge-Wuhan virology lab. UBetsy McKay. Agasti 19, 2020.  

The Wall Street Journal. Ngakho lavelaphi igciwane? UMat Ridley. Kwangathi 29, 2020. 

Isikhungo Sikazwelonke SaseFrance Socwaningo Lwezesayensi (CNRS). Imvelaphi yeSARS-CoV-2 ibuzwa ngokungathí sina. Yaroslav Pigenet. Novemba 9, 2020.

The Times. Iqale kanjani iCovid-19? Ukuzingela zero isiguli sekubanjwe ukungqubuzana kwamandla amakhulu. UTom Whipple. Disemba 31, 2020.

I-CNET. Ukuzingelwa okusontekile, okungcolile kwemvelaphi ye-COVID-19 kanye nombono wokuvuza webhu. UJackson Ryan. Januwari 19, 2021.

I-Boston Magazine. Kungenzeka yini ukuthi i-COVID-19 yeqe ebhodini? URowan Jacobsen. Septhemba 9, 2020. 

Nature. Imfihlakalo enkulu kunazo zonke: ukuthi kuzothathani ukulandelela umthombo we-coronavirus. UDavid Cyranoski. Juni 5, 2020.

The Washington Post. UMnyango Wezwe ukhipha ikhebula elethule izimangalo zokuthi i-coronavirus yeqe ebhodini laseChina. UJohn Hudson noNate Jones. Julayi 17, 2020. 

Izindaba ze-NBC. Umbiko uthi imininingwane kamakhalekhukhwini ikhombisa ukuvalwa kwango-Okthoba e-Wuhan lab, kepha ochwepheshe bayangabaza. UKen Dilanian, uRuaridh Arrow, uCourtney Kube, uCarol E. Lee, uLouise Jones noLorand Bodo. Meyi 9, 2020. 

The Times. Kwembulwa: Umzila weminyaka eyisikhombisa we-coronavirus kusuka ekufeni kwezimayini kuya ebhodini laseWuhan. UGeorge Arbuthnott, uJonathan Calvert noPhilip Sherwell. Julayi 4, 2020.

I-South China Morning Post. Abaseshi be-coronavirus be-WHO babheka emakethe yaseWuhan njengezindawo zemephu ezingadaluliwe. UJohn Power noSimone McCarthy. Disemba 15, 2020.

BBC. I-Wuhan: Idolobha lokuthula; Ifuna izimpendulo endaweni lapho i-coronavirus iqale khona. UJohn Sudworth. Julayi 2020.

I-New York Times, Imibuzo eyi-8 evela kumseshi wesifo onomsuka wobhubhane. UWilliam J. Broad. Julayi 8, 2020.

I-New York Times. Ekuzingeleni Umthombo Wegciwane, I-WHO Vumela i-China Iphathe. Selam Gebrekidan, UMat Apuzzo, U-Amy Qin futhi . Novemba 2, 2020.

The Wall Street Journal. Ngokunyakaza okungajwayelekile, izinhlaka zezobunhloli zase-US ziyaqinisekisa ukuthi ziyaphenya ukuthi ngabe i-coronavirus ivele engozini yaselebhu. UWarren P. Strobel noDustin Volz. Ephreli 30, 2020.

The Guardian. Ziba imibono yetulo: Ososayensi bayazi ukuthi iCovid-19 ayidalwanga elebhu. UPeter Daszak. Juni 9, 2020. 

I-Daily Telegraph. Ososayensi bathi kungenzeka ukuthi i-COVID-19 iphekwe ebhodini. USharri Markson. Juni 1, 2020.

Isayensi. UTrump 'usikweleta ukuxolisa.' Usosayensi waseChina enkabeni yemibono yemvelaphi ye-COVID-19 uyakhuluma. UJon Cohen. Julayi 24, 2020.

Isayensi. Phendula kuSayensi Magazine: I-Q & A yeShi Zhengli. Shi Zhengli. Julayi 15, 2020.

Minerva. Izitatimende eziphikisanayo zenza ukungabaza ngemininingwane eluhlaza yaseChina. Aksel Fridstrøm. Septhemba 10, 2020. 

Minerva. Incazelo enengqondo kunazo zonke ukuthi ivela elabhoratri. U-Aksel Fridstrøm noNils August Andresen. Julayi 2, 2020. 

Izindaba Ezizimele Zesayensi. Icala lakha ukuthi i-COVID-19 ibinomsuka webhu. UJonathan Latham no-Allison Wilson. Juni 5, 2020.

Izindaba Ezizimele Zesayensi. Umsuka ohlongozwayo we-SARS-CoV-2 nobhadane lwe-COVID-19. UJonathan Latham no-Allison Wilson. Julayi 15, 2020.

I-Sam Husseini Blog. Ukubuza i-CDC: Ingabe kwenzeka ngengozi ephelele ukuthi i-BSL4 yaseChina kuphela iseWuhan? Umsindo nevidiyo. USam Husseini. Ephreli 17, 2020.

GMWatch. Ososayensi baseWuhan nabaseMelika basebenzise izindlela ezingatholakali zobunjiniyela bezakhi zofuzo kuma-bat coronaviruses. UJonathan Matthews noClaire Robinson. Meyi 20, 2020. 

Intatheli Yobulelesi Benkampani. Andrew Kimbrell ngomsuka we-COVID-19. URussell Mokhiber. Agasti 11, 2020.

GMWatch. Ngabe igciwane le-COVID-19 lenzelwe izakhi zofuzo? UJonathan Matthews. Ephreli 22, 2020.

GMWatch. Kungani ababaleki bebalekela ukuphika bekhuluma amanga anjalo? UJonathan Matthews. Juni 17, 2020. 

I-Intercept. Ekushisekeleni Kwayo Ukusola iChina ngeCoronavirus, uHulumeni WeTrump Uvimbela Uphenyo Ngomsuka Wobhubhane. UMara Hvistendahl. Meyi 19, 2020.

I-South China Morning Post. I-WHO iqamba uhlu lweqembu lomhlaba wonke elibheke kwimvelaphi ye-coronavirus. USimone McCarthy. Novemba 25, 2020.

Ukwehluleka kokubonisa ngale kanye nokucindezelwa kobufakazi maqondana ne-COVID-19

Associated Press. I-China ibambelela phansi ekuzingeleni okufihliwe ngemvelaphi ye-coronavirus. UDake Kang, uMaria Cheng noSam McNeil. Disemba 30, 2020.

The Wall Street Journal. Emhlabathini eWuhan, izimpawu zeChina eziqinisa uphenyo lwemvelaphi ye-coronavirus. UJeremy Page noNatasha Khan. Meyi 12, 2020.

I-New York Times. Izinsuku Ezingama-25 Ezashintsha Umhlaba: Ukuthi iCovid-19 ishelele kanjani iChina. UChris Buckley, uDavid D. Kirkpatrick, u-Amy Qin noJavier C. Hernández. Disemba 30, 2020.

I-New York Times. Intatheli YaseChinese Citizen Igwetshwe Iminyaka Engu-4 Ngokubikwa KweCovid. UVivian Wang. Disemba 28, 2020.

I-ProPublica. Imibhalo evuzayo ikhombisa ukuthi amasosha ase-China akhokhelwa i-Intanethi amaTolls asize kanjani ukuhlola iCoronavirus. URaymond Zhong, uPaul Mozur, u-Aaron Krolik noJeff Kao. Disemba 19, 2020.

I-New York Times. I-China ihambisa amanga ukuze icindezele umbono wokuthi leli gciwane livele kwenye indawo. UJavier C. Hernández. Disemba 6, 2020.

Bloomberg. I-China Yenza Kwanzima Ukuxazulula Imfihlakalo Yokuthi I-Covid Yaqala Kanjani. Disemba 30, 2020.

Financial Times. Imithombo yezindaba yaseChina inyusa umkhankaso wokuhlola udaka ngemvelaphi yeCovid. Umalusi ongumKristu. Novemba 26, 2020.

ISky News Australia. Ama-imeyili akhishwe aveza ukuthi 'alikho iqiniso noma okusobala' encwadini ephathelene nemvelaphi ye-COVID-19. USharri Markson. Novemba 22, 2020.

Izingozi, ukuvuza, ukwehluleka kokuqukethwe, ukwehluleka ukwenza izinto obala ezindaweni zokuvikela ukuphepha

I-New Yorker. Ubungozi bokwakha ama-bio labs amaningi kakhulu. Elisabeth Eaves Mashi 18, 2020. 

I-Bulletin ye-Atomic Scientists. Iphutha lomuntu kumalebhu aphezulu e-biocontainment: usongo olungaba yinkinga. ULynn Klotz. Februwari 25, 2019. 

Isikhungo saseJames Martin sokungavikeleki Izifundo. Umhlahlandlela Wokuphenya Imvelaphi Yokuqubuka: Imvelo kuqhathaniswa neLaboratory. URichard Pilch, uMiles Pomper, uJill Luster noFilippa Lentzos. Okthoba 2020.

I-ProPublica. Nazi izingozi eziyisithupha abacwaningi be-UNC ababa nazo ngama-coronaviruses enziwe elebhu. U-Alison Young noJessica Blake. Agasti 17, 2020. 

CBC. Usosayensi waseCanada wathumela amagciwane abulalayo eWuhan lab izinyanga ngaphambi kokuba i-RCMP icele ukuphenya. Juni 16, 2020.

I-Frederick News-Post. Ukutholwa kokuhlolwa kwe-CDC kuveza okuningi mayelana nokumiswa kocwaningo lwe-USAMRIID. UHeather Mongilio. Novemba 23, 2019. 

Izikhungo Zokulawulwa Nokuvikelwa Kwezifo (CDC) noMnyango Wezolimo wase-US. I-US Army Medical Research Institute yezifo ezithathelwanayo (i-USAMRIID): incazelo yezincazelo zokutholwa kokuhlolwa. Agasti 2019.

IHhovisi Lokuziphendulela kuHulumeni wase-US. Amalabhorethri athwala kakhulu: Izinqubomgomo eziphelele nezisesikhathini nezindlela ezinamandla zokubheka ezidingekayo ukwenza ngcono ukuphepha. Ephreli 19, 2016. I-GAO-16-305. 

USA Namuhla. Izehlakalo eziyi-10 ezitholwe kuma-biolabs esizwe. U-Alison Young noNick Penzenstadler. Meyi 29, 2015. 

I-Bulletin ye-Atomic Scientists. Ubhadane olusongelwayo nelebhu kuyaphunyuka: iziprofetho ezizigcwalisa. UMartin Furmanski. Mashi 31, 2014.

Isikhungo Sokulawulwa Kwezikhali Nokungasebenzi. Ukuphunyuka Kwelabhorethri Nomqedazwe “Wokuzifeza”. UMartin Furmanski. Februwari 17, 2014.

UMkhandlu Kazwelonke Wokucwaninga. Izinselelo zokuphepha kokuvikela ukwanda komhlaba wonke kwama-laboratories e-biology ephezulu: isifinyezo somhlangano wokusebenzela. 2012. IWashington, DC: I-National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/13315 

Indlu yabamele i-US. IKomidi Lezamandla Nezentengiselwano. Ukuzwa ngamagciwane, amagciwane, nezimfihlo: ukwanda buthule kwama-bio-laboratories e-United States, 110th Congress. Okthoba 4, 2007.

Indlu yabamele i-US. IKomidi Lezamandla Nezentengiselwano. Ukuzwa ku-Federal Oversight of High-Containment Biolaboratories, Ikhulu Elilodwa Eleventh Congress. Septemba 22, 2009.

BMJ. Ukwephulwa kwemithetho yokuphepha kuyimbangela yokuqhamuka kwamuva kweSARS, kusho i-WHO. UJane Parry. Meyi 22, 2004. doi: 10.1136 / bmj.328.7450.1222-b

Izindaba Ezizimele Zesayensi. Umlando omude wokukhishwa ngephutha kwelabhoratri kwamagciwane abangelwa ubhubhane awunakwa ekusakazweni kwabezindaba kwe-COVID-19. USam Husseini. Meyi 5, 2020.

GMWatch. I-COVID-19: Ucingo lokuvusa i-biosafety. UJonathan Matthews. Ephreli 24, 2020. 

USA Today. I-CDC yehlulekile ukudalula izehlakalo zelebhu ezinamagciwane e-bioterror kwiCongress. U-Alison Young. Juni 24, 2016.

I-Global Times. Umhlahlandlela we-biosafety okhishwe ukulungisa izikhala zokuphatha okungapheli kumalebhu wamagciwane. Liu Caiyu no Leng Shumei. Februwari 16, 2020.

Izindaba ze-CBS. Ukuphenya: Inkampani yase-US ibungled impendulo ye-Ebola. I-Associated Press. Mashi 7, 2016. 

GMWatch. Ithiyori yokucwaninga imithombo yolwazi yamajenali yakwaSARS-CoV-2. UClaire Robinson. Julayi 16, 2020. 

Amanethiwekhi we-biodefense ne-biowarfare 

Indawo yokwenza izinwele. Ngabe leli gciwane livele lab? Mhlawumbe hhayi - kepha kuveza usongo lomjaho wezikhali ze-biowarfare. USam Husseini. Ephreli 24, 2020.

Izindaba Ezizimele Zesayensi. I-EcoHealth Alliance kaPeter Daszak Ifihle Cishe ama- $ 40 Million Esikhwameni Sezimali sePentagon NaseMilitarised Pandemic Science. USam Husseini. Disemba 16, 2020.

I-Sam Husseini Blog. Ukunqanda ukubuka kwethu kusuka ku-biowarfare: ubhadane lwezifo neziphrofetho ezizigcwalisayo. USam Husseini. Meyi 2020. 

IBoston Globe. Ukuheha kwezikhali ze-bio. UBernard Lown noPrasannan Parthasarathi. Februwari 23, 2005. 

IMonterey Institute of International Study. I-Beijing kuma-biohazard: Ongoti baseChina ezindabeni ze-bioweapons nonproliferation. U-Amy E. Smithson, uMhleli. Agasti 2007. Isikhungo SikaJames Martin Sezifundo Ezingahambisani Nokukhiqiza.

Amasiko Abulalayo: Izikhali zebhayoloji kusukela ngo-1945. UMark Wheelis, uLajos Rózsa, noMalcolm Dando (Abahleli). IHarvard University Press, 2006.

I-Biowarfare kanye nobuphekula. UFrancis Boyle. 2005. I-Clarity Press, Inc.

Ukuvimbela umjaho wezikhali zebhayoloji. USusan Wright (Umhleli). I-MIT Press, 1990. 

I-Biohazard. UKen Alibek noStephen Handelman. Indlu engahleliwe: ENew York, 1999. 

Izinkulumompikiswano zocwaningo lokuthola umsebenzi

Abezindaba Kazwelonke. Izingozi ezingaba khona nezinzuzo zokwenza ucwaningo ngomsebenzi: isifinyezo somhlangano wokusebenzela. 2015. 

Forbes. Kufanele sivumele ososayensi ukuthi bakhe ama-super-virus ayingozi? USteven Salzberg. Okthoba 20, 2014. 

ICambridge Working Group. Isitatimende sokuvumelana seCambridge Working Group ngokwakhiwa kwamagciwane abangelwa ubhubhane (PPPs). Julayi 14, 2014. 

mBio. Ngabe inani elilinganiselwe lesayensi lokuhlolwa okungahle kube khona kobhubhane lwezifo lingazithethelela izingozi? UMarc Lipsitch. Okthoba 14, 2014. doi: https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.02008-14 

mBio. Ucwaningo nge-Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Influenza Virus: The Way Forward. U-Anthony S. Fauci. Septhemba-Okthoba 2012, 3 (5): e00359-12. i-doi: 10.1128 / mBio.00359-12

Umuthi we-PLoS. Ezinye izindlela zokuziphatha ekuhlolweni ngamagciwane abangelwa ubhubhane enoveli. UMarc Lipsitch no-Alison Galvani. 2014. 11 (5): e1001646. i-doi: 10.1371 / journal.pmed.1001646  

Amaphepha wesayensi ngemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2

Izincwadi Zamakhemikhali Ezemvelo. Ukulandela umsuka weSARS-COV-2 kuma-coronavirus phylogenies: ukubuyekeza. U-Erwan Sallard, uJosé Halloy, uDidier Casane, u-Etienne Decroly noJacques van Helden. Februwari 4, 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-020-01151-1

I-Lancet. Izici zemitholampilo yeziguli ezinegciwane le-coronavirus yango-2019 eWuhan, China. UChaolin Huang et al. Janawari 30, 2020. Umqulu 395: 497-506. 

Imvelo. Ukuqhamuka kwe-pneumonia okuhambisana ne-coronavirus entsha yemvelaphi yelulwane. UPeng Zhou, Xing-Lou Yang, Xian-Guang Wang, Ben Hu,… noZheng-Li Shi. Februwari 3, 2020. 579 (7798): 270-273. i-doi: 10.1038 / s41586-020-2012-7

Imvelo. I-Addendum: Ukuqhamuka kwesifo se-pneumonia okuhambisana ne-coronavirus entsha yemvelaphi yelulwane. UPeng Zhou, Xing-Lou Yang, Xian-Guang Wang, Ben Hu,… noZheng-Li Shi. Novemba 17, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2951-z

Umuthi Wemvelo. Umsuka oyinhloko we-SARS-CoV-2. UKristian G. Andersen, Andrew Rambaut, W. Ian Lipkin, u-Edward C. Holmes, uRobert F. Garry. Ephreli 2020. Umqulu 26, amakhasi 450-455. 

I-Journal of Medical Virology. Imibuzo emayelana nomsuka oyisisekelo we-SARS-CoV-2. UMurat Seyran, uDamiano Pizzol, uParis Adadi… no-Adam M. Brufsky. Septhemba 3, 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26478 

BioEssays. Kungenzeka yini ukuthi abakwa-SARS ‐ CoV-2 bavele ngendlela eyindilinga enqwabelana ngezilwane noma amasiko eseli? UKarl Sirotkin noDan Sirotkin. Agasti 12, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1002/bies.202000091

Imingcele Kwezempilo Yomphakathi. Amacala e-Lethal pneumonia ezimayini zaseMojiang (2012) kanye ne-mineshaft anganikeza imikhondo ebalulekile ngemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2. UMonali Rahalkar noRahul Bahulikar. Septhemba 17, 2020. doi: 10.3389 / fpubh.2020.581569

BioEssays. Isakhiwo sofuzo seSARS ‐ CoV-2 asisho ukuthi imvelaphi yelabhoratri. URossana Segreto futhi Yuri Deigin. Novemba 17, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1002/bies.202000240

bioRxiv. I-SARS-CoV-2 isetshenziswe kahle kubantu. Kusho ukuthini lokhu ukuphinda kuvele? UShing Hei Zhan, uBenjamin E. Deverman, uYujia Alina Chan. Meyi 2, 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.05.01.073262 

UZenodo. Uqalephi Ubhubhane Lwe-Coronavirus 2019 futhi Lwasakazeka Kanjani? Isibhedlela Sabantu Sokukhululeka EsiseWuhan China kanye Nomugqa 2 Wuhan Metro System Ziyizimpendulo Eziphoqayo. USteven Carl Quay. Okthoba 28, 2020. doi: 10.5281 / zenodo.4119262

UZenodo. Ukuhlaziywa kwe-Bayesian kuphetha ngaphandle kokungabaza okunengqondo ukuthi i-SARS-CoV-2 akuyona i-zoonosis engokwemvelo kepha kunalokho itholakala elebhu. UDkt Steven Quay. Januwari 29, 2021.

Minerva. Ubufakazi obukhombisa ukuthi leli akulona igciwane eliguquke ngokwemvelo: I-aetiology yomlando eyakhiwe kabusha ye-spike ye-SARS-CoV-2. UBirger Sørensen, u-Angus Dalgleish no-Andres Susrud. Julayi 1, 2020.

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i-arXiv. Ekuqhathaniseni i-silico kwamafinyela abophayo we-spike protein-ACE2 kuzo zonke izinhlobo zezinto eziphilayo; Ukubaluleka kwemvelaphi engaba khona yegciwane le-SARS-CoV-2. USakshi Piplani, uPuneet Kumar Singh, uDavid A. Winkler, uNikolai Petrovsky. Meyi 13, 2020. 

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Amagciwane e-PLoS. Ngabe ama-pangolin angumsingathi ophakathi nendawo we-2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2)? UPing Liu, Jing-Zhe Jiang, Xiu-Feng Wan, Yan Hua, Linmiao Li, Jiabin Zhou, Xiaohu Wang, Fanghui Hou, Jing Chen, Jiejian Zou, Jinping Chen. Meyi 14, 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1008421

Nature. Ukuhlukaniswa kwe-coronavirus ehlobene ne-SARS-CoV-2 kusuka kuma-pangolin aseMalayan. Kangpeng Xiao, Junqiong Zhai, Yaoyu Feng, Niu Zhou, Xu Zhang, Jie-Jian Zou, Na Li, Yaqiong Guo, Xiaobing Li, Xuejuan Shen, Zhipeng Zhang, Fanfan Shu, Wanyi Huang, Yu Li, Ziding Zhang, Rui-Ai Chen, Ya-Jiang Wu, Shi-Ming Peng, Mian Huang, Wei-Jun Xie, Qin-Hui Cai, Fang-Hui Hou, Wu Chen, Lihua Xiao & Yongyi Yena. Meyi 7, 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2313-x

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Izindatshana zebhulogi eziphenyayo ngemvelaphi yeSARS-CoV-2

Medium. Kwenziwe ilebhu? I-SARS-CoV-2 yohlu lozalo ngokusebenzisa i-lens yocwaningo lomsebenzi. Yuri Deigin. Ephreli 22, 2020.

Medium. Ama-virus ayesabekayo nokuthi ungawathola kuphi. UMoreno Colaiacovo. Novemba 15, 2020.

Okuphakathi. Ukuqoqwa kwemininingwane esheshayo yamacala asolwa ekuqaleni kukaCovid-19 eWuhan. UGilles Demaneuf. Okthoba 15, 2020.