IBayer ixazulula icala le-US Roundup, dicamba kanye ne-PCB ngemali engaphezu kwama- $ 10 billion

Phrinta imeyili Ungahlukıselana Ephathwayo

Ekuhlanzweni okubizayo kwezinkinga zamacala eMonsanto, iBayer AG ithe ngoLwesithathu izokhokha imali engaphezu kwamaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyishumi ukuxazulula amashumi ezinkulungwane zezimangalo zaseMelika ezilethwe iMonsanto nge-Roundup herbicide, kanye namaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-10 ukuxazulula amacala ngaphezu kweMonsanto i-dicamba herbicide kanye ne- $ 400 million yezimangalo zokungcola kwe-PCB.

Izinqumo kuza eminyakeni emibili ngemuva kokuthi iBayer ithenge iMonsanto ngamaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-63 futhi cishe ngokushesha yabona ukwehla kwamanani ezabelo ngenxa yesikweletu seRoundup.

IBayer imemezele ukuthi izokhokha imali eyizigidigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyizigidi eziyisi-RNUMX ukuxazulula cishe amaphesenti angama-10.1 wezimangalo zabantu abalinganiselwa kwabangu-10.9 abasola ukutholakala kwababulali bokhula baseMonsanto bakaRoundup ababangele ukuba bahlakulele i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Lesi sivumelwano sibandakanya abamangali abagcine abameli ngenhloso yokufaka amacala kodwa amacala abo engakafakwa, kusho uBayer. Ngaphakathi kwenani eliphelele, ukukhokhwa kwe- $ 75 billion kuya ku- $ 125,000 billion kuzoxazulula amacala akhona manje kanti u- $ 8.8 billion ubekelwa eceleni ukuxhasa amacala angaba khona esikhathini esizayo, kusho inkampani.

Abamangali abafakiwe kulesi sivumelwano yilabo abasayinwe namafemu abelokhu behola i-Roundup federal multi-district litigation (MDL) kanti bahlanganisa iMiller Firm yaseVirginia, inkampani yaseBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman yaseLos Angeles kanye ne-Andrus Wagstaff firm waseDenver, eColorado.

"Ngemuva kweminyaka yamacala abalwa kanzima kanye nonyaka wokulamula okukhulu ngiyajabula ukubona amakhasimende ethu esezonxeshezelwa," kusho uMike Miller, wenkampani yabameli bakwaMiller.

Inkampani yakwaMiller kanye neBaum Hedlund basebenze ngokubambisana ukunqoba icala lokuqala lokuqulwa kwecala, lelo lika-Dewayne “Lee” Johnson wase-California. U-Andrus Wagstaff unqobe ukuqulwa kwecala lesibili kwathi iMiller Firm yalinqoba icala lesithathu lokuthi liqulwe. Sekukonke, lezi zilingo ezintathu zaholela ekutheni izinqumo zabasizi zifinyelele ngaphezu kwezigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama- $ 2.3, yize abahluleli ecaleni ngalinye behlisa izinqumo.

Amajaji kuzo zonke lezi zivivinyo ezintathu athola ukuthi ama-herbicides kaMonsanto, njenge-Roundup, abangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma nokuthi iMonsanto yahlanganisa izingozi futhi yehluleka ukuxwayisa abasebenzisi.

Isigwebo ngasinye kulawa mathathu sesidlula kwinqubo yokudluliswa kwamacala manje kanti uBayer uthe abamangali kulawo macala abafakiwe esivumelwaneni.

UBayer uthe izimangalo zeRoundup zesikhathi esizayo zizoba yingxenye yesivumelwano sekilasi esivunyelwe yiJaji uVince Chhabria weNkantolo yesiFunda sase-US esiFundeni saseNyakatho saseCalifornia, owayalela inqubo yokulamula yonyaka wonke eyaholela ekuxazululeni.

Isivumelwano sizothatha noma yikuphi okutholakele esikhathini esizayo mayelana nezicelo zomdlavuza ezandleni zamajaji, kusho uBayer. Esikhundleni salokho, kuzoba nokwakhiwa kwe "Class Science Panel" ezimele. IClass Science Panel izonquma ukuthi ngabe i-Roundup ingadala i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, futhi uma kunjalo, ngamazinga aphansi okuvezwa. Bobabili abamangali besenzo sekilasi neBayer bazoboshwa ukuzimisela kweClass Science Panel. Uma iClass Science Panel inquma ukuthi alukho uxhumano oluyimbangela phakathi kweRoundup ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma lapho-ke amalungu ekilasi azovinjelwa ukuthi afune ngenye indlela kunoma yiliphi icala elizayo elibhekene neBayer.

UBayer uthe ukuzimisela kweClass Science Panel kulindeleke ukuthi kuthathe iminyaka eminingana futhi amalungu ekilasi ngeke avunyelwe ukuqhubeka nezimangalo zeRoundup ngaphambi kwalesi sinqumo. Futhi abakwazi ukufuna umonakalo wokujeziswa, kusho uBayer.

"Izivumelwano zeRoundup ™ zakhiwe njengesinqumo esakhayo nesifanelekile enkantolo eyingqayizivele," kusho uKenneth R. Feinberg, umlamuli oqokwe yinkantolo wezingxoxo zokuhlala.

Ngisho nalapho bememezela ukukhokhiswa, izikhulu zeBayer zaqhubeka nokuphika ukuthi i-glyphosate herbicides kaMonsanto ibangela umdlavuza.

"Iningi lesayensi likhomba ukuthi iRoundup ayiwudali umdlavuza, ngakho-ke, akuyena obhekene nezifo okusolakala ukuthi zibhekene naleli cala," kusho isikhulu seBayer uWerner Baumann esitatimendeni.

Ukusebenzisana kukaDicamba

I-Bayer iphinde yamemezela isivumelwano se-mass tort sokuxazulula amacala e-US dicamba drift, okubandakanya izimangalo ezivela kubalimi ezisebenzisa ama-dicamba herbicides akhiqizwe yi-Monsanto ne-BASF ukuthi afuthwe ngezitshalo ezibekezelela i-dicamba ezakhiwe yi-Monsanto zidale ukulahleka nokulimala kwezitshalo okwandile.

Ekulingweni ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka, iMonsanto kwathiwa akhokhe $ 265 million kumlimi wamapentshisi waseMissouri ngomonakalo we-dicamba drift engadini yakhe yezithelo.

Bangaphezu kwekhulu abanye abalimi abafake izicelo ezifanayo zomthetho. IBayer ithe izokhokha imali efinyelela ezigidini ezingama- $ 100 ukuxazulula udaba lwamacala ezifundazwe ezehlukene ezisalindwe eNkantolo yesiFunda saseMelika esifundeni saseMpumalanga yeMissouri, nezicelo zeminyaka yokulima ka-400-2015. Abamangali kuzodingeka ukuthi banikeze ubufakazi bokulimala komkhiqizo wezitshalo nobufakazi bokuthi bekufanele kungenxa yedicamba ukuze iqoqwe. Le nkampani ilindele umnikelo ovela kummangalelwa kanye nayo, i-BASF, kule ndawo yokuhlala.

Lesi sivumelwano sizohlinzeka "ngezinsizakusebenza ezidingeka kakhulu kubalimi" abake balahlekelwa isivuno ngenxa yokukhukhula kwemithi yokubulala ukhula i-dicamba, kusho ummeli uJoseph Peiffer wenkampani yabameli bePeiffer Wolf, emele abalimi abanezimangalo ze-dicamba.

"Isivumelwano esimenyezelwe namuhla yisinyathelo esibalulekile sokwenza izinto zilunge kubalimi abafuna nje ukuthi bakwazi ukubeka ukudla etafuleni laseMelika nasemhlabeni," kusho uPeiffer.

Ekuqaleni kwalenyanga a inkantolo yenhlangano yanquma ukuthi i-Environmental Protection Agency yephule umthetho ngesikhathi ivuma ama-dicamba herbicides enziwe yiMonsanto, BASF kanye neCorteva Agriscience. Inkantolo ithole i-EPA ingazinaki izingozi zomonakalo we-dicamba.

Indawo Yokungcola Kwe-PCB

IBayer iphinde yamemezela uchungechunge lwezivumelwano ezixazulula amacala inkampani ethe zimelela kakhulu ukutholakala kwayo ezinkantolo ezibandakanya ukungcoliswa kwamanzi yi-PCB, okwenziwa yiMonsanto kwaze kwaba ngu-1977. Isivumelwano esisodwa sisungula isigaba esifaka bonke ohulumeni basekhaya abanezimvume ze-EPA ezibandakanya ukukhishwa kwamanzi okungakhubazekile Ama-PCB. IBayer ithe izokhokha isamba semali elinganiselwa ku- $ 650 million ekilasini, okuzodingeka ukuthi inkantolo ivume.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, iBayer ithe ingene ezivumelwaneni ezihlukene noMmeli-Jikelele waseNew Mexico, Washington, kanye ne-District of Columbia ukuxazulula izimangalo ze-PCB. Kulezi zivumelwano, ezihlukile ekilasini, iBayer izokhokha ngokuphelele cishe amaRandi ayizigidi eziyi-170.

UBayer uthe ukuphuma kwemali okungahle kube khona ngeke kweqe amaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-5 ngonyaka wezi-2020 kanye namaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-5 ngonyaka wezi-2021 ngemali esele esele izokhokhwa ngo-2022 noma kamuva.