ICornell Alliance yezeNzululwazi liPhulo le-PR kwishishini lezolimo

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Ngaphandle kwegama layo lokuvakala kwezemfundo kunye nokunxulumana neziko le-Ivy League, ICornell Alliance yeNzululwazi (CAS) liphulo lobudlelwane noluntu elixhaswa ngemali yiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation eqeqesha abanye abantu kwihlabathi liphela ukukhuthaza nokukhusela izityalo ezenziwe ngobunjineli kunye nezolimo kumazwe abo. Izifundiswa ezininzi, iingcali zomgaqo-nkqubo wokutya, amaqela okutya kunye nawokulima ziye zakhwaza umyalezo ongachanekanga kunye namaqhinga akhohlisayo amaqabane e-CAS athe azama ukuzama ukunyelisa inkxalabo malunga nezinye iindlela kwezolimo lweshishini.

NgoSeptemba, CAS umemezele Izigidi ezili-10 zeedola kwinkxaso mali entsha evela kwiGates Foundation, izisa iiGates zizonke inkxaso-mali kwi-22 yezigidi zeedola ukusukela ngo-2014. Inkxaso mali entsha iza ngokuba yiGates Foundation ejongene nokubuya emva kulimo lwaseAfrika, ukutya kunye namaqela enkolo Ukuchitha iibhiliyoni zeedola kwizikim zophuhliso lwezolimo eAfrika oko ubungqina bubonisa ukusilela ukuthomalalisa indlala okanye ukuphakamisa amafama amancinci, njengoko beqinisa iindlela zokulima ezixhamla amashishini ngaphezulu kwabantu. 

Eli phepha libhala imizekelo emininzi yolwazi olungelulo oluvela kwi-CAS kunye nabantu abanxulumene neqela. Imizekelo echazwe apha inika ubungqina bokuba i-CAS isebenzisa igama likaCornell, isidima kunye negunya lokuqhubela phambili i-PR kunye ne-ajenda yezopolitiko yeyona mibutho mikhulu yemichiza kunye nembewu.

Umsebenzi olungelelaniswe nomzi mveliso kunye nemiyalezo

I-CAS yaphehlelelwa ngo-2014 ngesibonelelo seGates se- $ 5.6 yezigidi kwaye ithembisa “batshabalalise ”ingxoxo malunga nee-GMO. Iqela itsho injongo yayo Kukukhuthaza ukufikelela kwizityalo kunye nokutya ngokuqeqesha “amahlakani ezenzululwazi” kwihlabathi liphela ukuze afundise abahlali ngezibonelelo zebhayoloji yezolimo.

Icandelo leshishini lokubulala izitshabalalisi likhuthaza iCAS 

Inxalenye ephambili yesicwangciso-qhinga se-CAS kukugaya nokuqeqesha IiNkokheli zeNkokheli zeHlabathi kunxibelelwano nakumaqhinga okukhuthaza, kugxilwe kwimimandla apho kukho inkcaso yoluntu kushishino lwebiotech, ngakumbi amazwe aseAfrika athe amelana nezityalo zeGMO.

Umsebenzi we-CAS ufana ngokumangalisayo iBhunga loLwazi lweBiotechnology (I-CBI), ishishini lokubulala izitshabalalisi elixhasa ngemali inyathelo lobudlelwane noluntu Isebenzisana neCAS. Iqela loshishino lisebenzele ukwakha ubudlelwane ngaphaya kwetyathanga lokutya kunye qeqesha abantu besithathu, ngakumbi izifundiswa kunye namafama, ukucenga uluntu ukuba lwamkele ii-GMOs.

Imiyalezo ye-CAS iyangqinelana ngokusondeleyo nomzi-mveliso wokubulala izitshabalalisi i-PR: kugxilwe kwi-myopic ekufumaneni izibonelelo ezinokubakho zexesha elizayo zokutya okwenziwe ngemfuza ngelixa kudlalwa, ukungahoyi okanye ukwala umngcipheko kunye neengxaki. Njengemizamo ye-PR yomzi-mveliso, i-CAS ikwajolise kakhulu ekuhlaseleni nasekuzameni ukuhlazisa abagxeki bemveliso yezolimo, kubandakanya oososayensi kunye neentatheli eziphakamisa impilo okanye imeko yendalo.

Ukugxekwa ngokubanzi

I-CAS kunye nababhali bayo bathathe ukugxekwa kwizifundiswa, amafama, abafundi, amaqela oluntu kunye neentshukumo zolawulo lokutya abathi eli qela likhuthaza imiyalezo engachanekanga nelahlekisayo kwaye lisebenzisa amaqhinga angafanelekanga. Jonga umzekelo:

Imizekelo yemiyalezo elahlekisayo

Iingcali kubunjineli bemfuza, ibhayoloji, i-agroecology kunye nomgaqo-nkqubo wokutya babhale imizekelo emininzi yamabango angachanekanga enziwe nguMark Lynas, umntu owayetyelele eCornell obhale inqwaba yamanqaku ekhusela iimveliso zezolimo egameni le-CAS; Jonga umzekelo wakhe amanqaku amaninzi akhuthazwe yiProjekthi yoLwazi lokuFunda nokuBhala, iqela PR ukuba isebenza neMonsanto. Incwadi ka-Lynas ka-2018 ithi amazwe ase-Afrika amkele ii-GMO, kwaye anike isahluko ekukhuseleni iMonsanto.

Amabango achanekileyo malunga nee-GMOs

Izazinzulu ezininzi zigxeke uLynas ngokwenza iingxelo zobuxoki, “Ayinasayensi, ayikho ngqiqweni kwaye ayinangqondo”Iingxoxo, ukukhuthaza imfundiso ngaphezulu kwedatha kunye nophando kwii-GMO, Ukuhlaziya icandelo lokuthetha ngamashishini, nokwenza amabango angachanekanga malunga nezibulali zinambuzanebonisa ulwazi olunzulu lwenzululwazi, okanye iinzame ezenziwayo zokuvelisa amathandabuzo. ”

Uluhlu lokuhlanjwa kwezinto uMark Lynas aphosakeleyo malunga nazo zombini ii-GMO kunye nesayensi lubanzi, kwaye luye lwangqinwa ngenqaku ngamanye ngamanye e-agroecologists kunye nezazi zebhayoloji, " kubhale uEric Holt-Giménez, Umlawuli olawulayo weFood First, ngo-Epreli 2013 (uLynas wajoyina uCornell njengomntu owayetyelele kamva kulo nyaka).  

"Uyangqina kwaye akananyani"

Amaqela asekwe e-Afrika aye agxeka uLynas ixesha elide. Umanyano lobukhosi bokutya e-Afrika, umanyano lwamaqela okutya kunye namafama angaphezu kwama-40 kwiAfrika iphela uchaze uLynas njenge "ingcungcu" ethi "ukudelela abantu baseAfrika, isiko kunye nesiko lakhe ngokungathandabuzekiyo." Isigidi se-Belay, umlawuli we-AFSA, kuchazwe uLynas "njengohlanga olucacisa ukuba ezolimo kuphela ezinokusindisa iAfrika."

Kwiphepha lokushicilela lika-2018, iZiko lase-Afrika lase-Afrika elise-Biodiversity lichaze amaqhinga angekho mthethweni uLynas awasebenzisileyo ukukhuthaza i-ajenda ye-biotech lobby e-Tanzania. "Kukho umba ngokuqinisekileyo malunga noxanduva lokuphendula kunye [nesidingo] sokulawula i-Cornell Alliance yezeNzululwazi kuyo, ngenxa yolwazi olungeyonyani kunye nendlela abangathembeki ngayo nabangeyonyani," utshilo uMariam Mayet, umlawuli olawulayo weZiko lase-Afrika lezinto eziphilayo ezahlukeneyo, utshilo. kwi Nge-Julayi 2020 kwiwebhu.

Ngolwazi oluneenkcukacha zomsebenzi kaLynas, jonga amanqaku ekupheleni kwale post kunye neyethu Uxwebhu lwenyani lukaMark Lynas.

Ukuhlasela i-agroecology

Umzekelo wakutshanje wemiyalezo engachanekanga linqaku elibekwe ngokubanzi kwi-CAS website nguLynas ebanga ukuba, "i-agro-ecology isemngciphekweni wokonzakalisa amahlwempu." ?? Izifundo zichaze eli nqaku njenge “idemagogic kunye nengcaciso engeyiyo eyenzululwazi yokutolika iphepha lesayensi, ""ngokungathandabuzekiyo, ""ideology emsulwa ”kunye“ neentloni umntu ofuna ukubanga ukuba uyinzululwazi, "a"uhlalutyo oluneziphene ngokwenene“?? lonto yenza “ukwenziwa ngokubanzi“?? kwayeizigqibo zasendle.”Abanye abagxeki bizelwa a Ukurhoxiswa.

Inqaku le-2019 ngoogxa be-CAS uNassib Mugwanya ubonelela ngomnye umzekelo womxholo olahlekisayo ngesihloko se-agroecology. Inqaku elithi, “Kutheni iindlela zemveli yezolimo zingenakho ukuguqula ezolimo zase-Afrika,” libonisa indlela yokuthunyelwa kwemiyalezo kwizixhobo ze-CAS: ukubonisa izityalo ze-GMO njenge “pro-science” ngelixa kupeyintwa “ezinye iindlela zophuhliso lwezolimo njenge-anti-science, 'engenamhlaba kwaye ayenzakalisi,' ” ngokokuhlalutya ngoMbutho woLuntu wase-Seattle woBulungisa beLizwe.

"Eyona nto iqaphelekayo kwinqaku kukusetyenziswa okukuko kwezikweko (umzekelo, i-agroecology efaniswa nozibophelelo), ukwenziwa kwezinto ngokubanzi, ukushiywa kolwazi kunye nenani lezinto ezingachanekanga," latsho iqela.

Sebenzisa incwadi yokudlala yeMonsanto ukukhusela amayeza okubulala izitshabalalisi

Omnye umzekelo wokulahleka kwemiyalezo ye-CAS ehambelana nomzi mveliso unokufunyanwa kukhuseleko lweqela kwi-Rounduposate esekwe kwi-glyphosate. Amayeza okubulala ukhula yeyona nto iphambili kwizityalo zeGMO I-90% yengqolowa kunye ne-soy zikhulile e-United States yemfuza yenzelwe ukunyamezela iRoundup. Kwi-2015, emva kokuba iphaneli yophando yomhlaza ye-World Health Organisation yathi i-glyphosate yinto enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu, i-Monsanto iququzelele amahlakani ayo ukuba "acule isikhalazo" ngokuchasene neqela lenzululwazi elizimeleyo "ukukhusela igama" le-Roundup, ngokwe Amaxwebhu angaphakathi eMonsanto.

Incwadi yokudlala ye-Monsanto: ukuhlasela iingcali zomhlaza 'njengabaphembeleli'

UMark Lynas usebenzise i Iqonga CAS ukwandisa umyalezo weMonsanto, echaza ingxelo yomhlaza njenge "ukuzingelwa kwamagqwirha" okwenziwe "ngabaphembeleli be-anti-Monsanto" "abasebenzisa kakubi isayensi" kwaye benze "ukugqwethwa okucacileyo kwesayensi kunye nobulungisa bendalo" ngokunika ingxelo yomngcipheko womhlaza we-glyphosate. ULynas wasebenzisa okufanayo iimpikiswano eziphosakeleyo kunye nemithombo yoshishino njengeBhunga laseMelika lezeNzululwazi kunye neMpilo, a iqela eliphambili iMonsanto lihlawulwe ukunceda ukujikeleza ingxelo yomhlaza.

Ngelixa ebanga ukuba usecaleni lenzululwazi, uLynas akabunanzanga ubungqina obaneleyo obuvela kumaxwebhu eMonsanto, ingxelo ngokubanzi kumajelo eendaba, ukuba IMonsanto yaphazamisa kunye uphando lwezenzululwazi, iiarhente zolawulo ezilawulwayo kwaye ndisebenzise enye amaqhinga anzima ukwenza inkqubo yenzululwazi ukukhusela iRoundup. Kwi-2018, ijaji yafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto "Usebenze ngolunya, ingcinezelo okanye ubuqhetseba”Ekugubungeleni umngcipheko womhlaza we-Roundup.

Ukubhengeza amayeza okubulala izitshabalalisi kunye nee-GMO eHawaii

Nangona eyona ndawo kugxilwe kuyo yi-Afrika, i-CAS ikwanceda kwimizamo yecandelo lokubulala izitshabalalisi ukukhusela izibulala-zinambuzane kunye nokujongela phantsi abameli bempilo yoluntu eHawaii. Iziqithi zeHawaii zibalulekile kwindawo yokuvavanya izityalo ze-GMO kunye nommandla obika phezulu ukubonakaliswa kwemichiza yokubulala izitshabalalisi kwaye inkxalabo malunga neengxaki zempilo ezinxulumene nezifo, kubandakanya iziphene zokuzalwa, umhlaza kunye nesifuba. Ezi ngxaki zikhokelele abahlali ukuba baququzelele umlo othabatha iminyaka Ukupasisa imimiselo eyomeleleyo ukunciphisa ukubhencwa kwezinambuzane kunye nokuphucula ukubhengezwa kweekhemikhali ezisetyenziswa kumhlaba wezolimo.

"Uqalise uhlaselo olukhohlakeleyo"

Njengokuba ezi nzame zifumana ukubambeka, i-CAS ibandakanyeke kwiphulo "lokunxibelelana noluntu malunga nokuchaphazela inkxalabo yoluntu" malunga nemingcipheko yempilo yezibulali zinambuzane, ngokukaFern Anuenue Holland, umququzeleli woluntu kwiHawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. KwiCornell yemihla ngemihla, IHolland ichaze indlela “ehlawulwe ngayo iCornell Alliance yaBafundi bezeNzululwazi- phantsi kwesitayile sobungcali kwezenzululwazi- baqalise ngohlaselo olukhohlakeleyo. Basebenzise imithombo yeendaba kwezentlalo kwaye babhala inqwaba yeebhlog zabo begxeka abahlali abanempembelelo kunye nezinye iinkokheli ezazinesibindi sokuthetha. ”

U-Holland uthe yena namanye amalungu ombutho wakhe babephantsi "kokubulawa kwabalinganiswa, ukumelwa gwenxa kunye nokuhlaselwa ukuthembeka komntu kunye nobungcali" ngabanxulumene ne-CAS. Ubhale wathi: "Ndizibonele ngokwam iintsapho kunye nobuhlobo obungapheliyo."

Ukuchasa ilungelo loluntu lokwazi     

UMlawuli weCAS USarah Evanega, PhD, u utshilo iqela lakhe elizimeleyo kushishino: “Asibhalelanga kushishino, kwaye asikhuthazi okanye sikhuthaze iimveliso ezizezeshishini. Njengoko iwebhusayithi yethu ichaza ngokucacileyo nangokucacileyo, asifumani zibonelelo zorhwebo. ” Nangona kunjalo, uninzi lwee-imeyile ezifunyenwe yi-US Right to Know, ngoku ezithunyelwe kwi- I-UCSF yemizi-mveliso yamathala eencwadi, bonisa i-CAS kunye ne-Evanega ngokulungelelanisa ngokusondeleyo nomzi-mveliso wokubulala izitshabalalisi kunye namaqela aphambili kumanyathelo obudlelwane noluntu. Imizekelo ibandakanya:

Eminye imizekelo yentsebenziswano ye-CAS namaqela oshishino ichazwe ezantsi kweli xwebhu.  

Ukuphakamisa amaqela angaphambili kunye nabathunywa abangathembekanga

Kwimizamo yayo yokukhuthaza ii-GMOs njengesisombululo “esisekwe kwinzululwazi” kwezolimo, iCornell Alliance yezeNzululwazi inikezele ngeqonga layo kumaqela aphambili kwezorhwebo kwanakwisayensi yemozulu eyaziwayo.

UTrevor Butterworth kunye neSense malunga neSayensi / STATS: Amaqabane e-CAS ngeSense malunga neSayensi / ii-STATS ukubonelela "ukubonisana kweenkcukacha-manani kwiintatheli”Kwaye wanika ubudlelwane kumlawuli weqela uTrevor Butterworth, owakhe umsebenzi wakhe wokukhusela iimveliso ezibalulekileyo kwi Amachiza, iqhekeza, ukutya okungenamsoco kwaye amashishini iziyobisi. UGcuwa ngumlawuli osungula iSense About Science USA, awayidibanisa neqonga lakhe langaphambili, iStatistical Assessment Service (STATS).

Iintatheli zichaze ii-STATs kunye neButterworth njengabadlali abaphambili kwimikhankaso yokukhusela imveliso yemveliso yamachiza (jonga Iindaba zesimo, Ijenali yeMilwaukee Sentinel, Ukuthintela kwaye IAtlantic). Amaxwebhu eMonsanto achonga Ingqondo malunga neNzululwazi phakathi "kweqabane loshishino" yayixhomekeke ekubeni ikhusele i-Roundup ngokuchasene neenkxalabo zomhlaza.

Imozulu yesayensi ye-Climate Owen Paterson: Kwi-2015, i-CAS ibambe u-Owen Paterson, ipolitiki yase-Bhritane ye-Conservative Party kwaye eyaziwayo Imozulu yesayensi yemozulu Ngubani kunciphise inkxaso-mali kwiinzame zokunciphisa ubushushu behlabathi Ngexesha lokuhlala kwakhe njengo-Mphathiswa Wezendalo e-UK. UPaterson usebenzise inqanaba leCornell ukubanga ukuba amaqela okusingqongileyo aphakamisa inkxalabo malunga neeGMOs “vumela izigidi ukuba zife.”Amaqela eshishini lezibulali zinambuzane ayesebenzisa imiyalezo efanayo kwiminyaka engama-50 eyadlulayo ukuzama Ukuhlazisa uRachel Carson yokuphakamisa iinkxalabo malunga ne-DDT.

Lynas kunye Ingqondo malunga neNzululwazi: I-Lynas ye-CAS ikwadityaniswa neSense Malunga neSayensi njengelungu lebhodi yeengcebiso yexesha elide. Ngo-2015, uLynas wadibana nesayensi yemozulu u-Owen Paterson Paterson naye wayeziva malunga noMlawuli weSayensi uTracey Brown qalisa oko wakubiza "intshukumo ye-ecomodernism," indibaniselwano yomanyano, uxinzelelo oluchasene nommiselo "yokusingqongileyo."

IHawaii Alliance yabathunywa bezeNzululwazi

Ngo-2016, i-CAS yaphehlelela iqela elidibeneyo elibizwa ngokuba yi-Hawaii Alliance for Science, eyathi injongo yayo “kukuxhasa ukwenziwa kwezigqibo ezisekwe kubungqina kunye nokuyilwa kwezolimo kwezi ziqithi.” Abathunywa bayo baquka:

USarah Thompson, a owayesakuba ngumqeshwa weDow AgroSciences, walungelelanisa Umdibaniso weHawaii weSayensi, eyayizichaza “njengombutho osisiseko sothungelwano ongajonganga kwenza nzuzo onxulumene neCornell Alliance for Science.” (Iwebhusayithi ayisabonakali isebenza, kodwa iqela ligcina ifayile ye- page Facebook.)

Amajelo eendaba ezentlalo avela kwiHawaii Alliance yezeNzululwazi kunye nomququzeleli wayo uThompson bachaze abagxeki beshishini lezolimo njenge abantu abanekratshi nabangazi nto, ibhiyozelwe umbona kunye nesoy mono-izityalo kwaye ikhusela i-neonicotinoid pesticides leyo ezininzi izifundo kwaye ziyatsho njalo inzululwazi ziyingozi kwiinyosi.

UJoan Conrow, Ukulawula uMhleli we-CAS, ubhala amanqaku ngaye kwiwebhsayithi, nganye "Kauai Eclectic" ibhlog kunye neqela eliphambili loshishino IProjekthi yokuFunda ngokuBhala uzama ukungcolisa igama bezempilo, amaqela asekuhlaleni kwaye Abezopolitiko eHawaii oxhasa ukukhuselwa kwamayeza okubulala izinambuzane, kunye neentatheli ababhala malunga neenkxalabo zezibulali zinambuzane. IConrow inayo utyhola amaqela okusingqongileyo yokubaleka ukuhlawula irhafu kunye xa kuthelekiswa neqela lokhuseleko lokutya kwiKKK.

UConrow akasoloko echaza ubudlelwane bakhe neCornell. Iphephandaba laseHawaii le-Civil Beat lamgxeka uConrow ngenxa yakhe ukungabikho kokungafihli nto kwaye wamkhankanya ngo-2016 njengomzekelo wokuba kutheni iphepha lalitshintsha imigaqo-nkqubo yokubeka izimvo. UConrow "wayehlala ephikisana nembono ye-GMO ngaphandle kokuchaza ngokucacileyo umsebenzi wakhe njenge-GMO sympathist," kubhala unjingalwazi wobuntatheli uBrett Oppegaard. "UConrow uphulukene nenkululeko yakhe yobuntatheli (kunye nokuthembeka) ukunika ingxelo ngokufanelekileyo malunga nemicimbi ye-GMO, ngenxa yethoni yomsebenzi wakhe kule micimbi."

UJoni Kamiya, 2015 CAS UbuNkokeli beHlabathi uphikisana nemigaqo yokubulala izitshabalalisi kwiwebhusayithi yakhe Intombi yomfama waseHawaii, kwi eendaba kunye neqela eliphambili loshishino IProjekthi yokuFunda ngokuBhala. Unguye “Ingcali yonozakuzaku” kwishishini lezolimo elixhaswe ngemali intengiso kwiwebhusayithi yeempendulo zeGMO. NjengoConrow, uKamiya ubanga ukubonakaliswa kwe-pesticides eHawaii ayongxaki, yaye izama ukunyelisa amagosa anyuliweyo kwaye "Abagabadeli bendalo esingqongileyo" abafuna ukulawula amayeza okubulala izitshabalalisi.

ICornell Alliance yabasebenzi bezeNzululwazi, abacebisi

I-CAS ichaza "njengenyathelo elisekwe kwiYunivesithi yaseConell, iziko elingenzi nzuzo." Iqela alichazi uhlahlo-lwabiwo mali, inkcitho okanye imivuzo yabasebenzi, kwaye iYunivesithi yaseCornell ayichazi naluphi na ulwazi malunga ne-CAS kwiifayile zayo zerhafu.

Uluhlu lwewebhusayithi Abasebenzi be20, kubandakanya noMlawuli USarah Evanega, PhD, kunye nokuLawula uMhleli UJoan Conrow (ayidwelisi uMark Lynas okanye abanye abantu abanokufumana imbuyekezo). Abanye abasebenzi abadumileyo abadweliswe kwiwebhusayithi babandakanya:

Ibhodi yeengcebiso ye-CAS ibandakanya izifundiswa ezihlala zincedisa ishishini lezolimo kwimizamo yabo ye-PR.

Isiseko seGates: Iingcaphephe zezicwangciso zophuhliso lwezolimo 

Ukusukela nge2016, iGates Foundation ichithe ngaphezulu kwe- $ 4 yezigidigidi kwizicwangciso zophuhliso lwezolimo, uninzi lwazo lujolise e-Afrika. Izicwangciso zophuhliso lwezolimo zesiseko zazikhona ekhokelwa nguRob Horsch (osandula ukuthatha umhlala-phantsi), a Igqala leMonsanto engama-25. Izicwangciso-qhinga zithathe ukugxekwa ekukhuthazeni ii-GMO kunye nezolimo e-Afrika inkcaso yamaqela ase-Afrika kunye nokuhamba kwezentlalo, kwaye ngaphandle kwenkxalabo kunye namathandabuzo malunga nezityalo ezenziwe ngobunjineli kwiAfrika iphela.

Iingqinisiso zendlela yeGates Foundation kuphuhliso lwezolimo kunye nenkxaso mali zibandakanya:

Olunye usebenziswano lweshishini lweCAS 

Uninzi lwee-imeyile ezifunyenwe nge-FOIA yi-US Ilungelo Lokwazi, kwaye ngoku iposwe kwi I-UCSF yemizi-mveliso yamathala eencwadi, bonisa i-CAS ilungelelanisa ngokusondeleyo nomzi mveliso wezolimo kunye namaqela ayo onxibelelwano noluntu ukulungelelanisa iminyhadala kunye nemiyalezo:

Iingcaphephe ezingakumbi zikaMark Lynas